HERAKLES
Dishwashers
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
CONTENTS
Technical Training
1-
THE ENERGY LABEL..............................................................................................................................................4
1.1. 1.2. 2-
THE DISHWASHER .................................................................................................................................................5
2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 3-
The products .....................................................................................................................................................9
HERAKLES PROGRAMMINGS ............................................................................................................................10
5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 6-
The noxious effects of limestone ......................................................................................................................7
The water softening: a vital function .................................................................................................................7
The regeneration...............................................................................................................................................7
The pH (hydrogen potential) .............................................................................................................................8
THE DETERGENTS .................................................................................................................................................9
4.1. 5-
The customer's expectations ............................................................................................................................5
The advantages of the dishwasher...................................................................................................................5
The sound level.................................................................................................................................................5
The drying .........................................................................................................................................................5
Operating principle............................................................................................................................................6
WATER .....................................................................................................................................................................7
3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 4-
What you must know.........................................................................................................................................4
Consumption level of the main appliances*......................................................................................................4
Multi-LED display (E1) ....................................................................................................................................10
3-digit display ( E2) .........................................................................................................................................11
LCD display(E4)..............................................................................................................................................12
GETTING STARTED AND USING THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER..................................................................13
6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 6.4. 6.5. 6.6. 6.7. 6.8. 6.9. 6.10. 6.11. 6.12. -
Installing and getting started ...........................................................................................................................13
Adjusting the regeneration ..............................................................................................................................15
Filling the salt tank ..........................................................................................................................................15
Filling the tank with rinsing agent....................................................................................................................16
Filtering and cleaning......................................................................................................................................16
Deferred Start or End......................................................................................................................................17
The programs possible ...................................................................................................................................18
Filling the dishwasher .....................................................................................................................................19
The detection of dirt during the cycle..............................................................................................................21
The regeneration.............................................................................................................................................22
HHydraulic circuit of the technical zones ........................................................................................................23
The three modes of drying ..............................................................................................................................26
7-
THE MAIN COMPONENTS....................................................................................................................................27
8-
MAINTENANCE .....................................................................................................................................................32
8.1. 8.2. 8.3. 8.4. 8.5. -
The test program.............................................................................................................................................32
Diagram of a model with simultaneous spraying and drying by condenser......................................................35
Diagram of a model with simultaneous spraying and fan-assisted drying .......................................................36
Diagram of a model with alternate spraying and fan-assisted drying ..............................................................37
Checks and measurements at the power board terminals .............................................................................38
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
THE DISHWASHER
1-
THE ENERGY LABEL
1.1. -
What you must know
Technical Training
Energy
Manufacturer
Model
Dishwasher
LOGO
AB C1 2 3
More efficient
Washing machine, dryer and dishwasher are three
appliances likely to weigh heavy on the electricity invoice if
you choose model poorly classified from the energetic
point of view. Washing machine and dishwasher each
consume about 250 kWh a year. For a few years, the
manufacturers have made efforts on the water
consumption, which has a direct effect on the power
consumption at the moment of the heating.
Initiated by the European Community, this labelling is now
compulsory in France for most household electrical
appliances. The classification from A (the most
economical) to G (the most avid on electricity), enables the
consumer to locate at a glance, the various models
proposed.
For washing machines, an additional indication concerning
the wash and spin, complements the information
concerning the power consumed.
Less efficient
Energy consumption
kWh/cycle
(In accordance with programme
recomanded by the manufacturer)
Actual energy consumption will
depend on how the appliance is used
Washing performance
A: higher
G: lower
Drying performance
This mention must appear compulsorily on all the
dishwashers marketed from the 1st of January 2000.
A: higher
G: lower
Capacity (place settings)
Water consumption
Noise
The “Bio” program is selected to laboratory tests.
(dB(A) re 1 pW)
Further information is contained
in product brochures
1.2. - Consumption level of the main appliances*
Norm EN 60456
Dishwasher label Directive
Dryer (150 uses)
Electric hob
Dishwasher (220 uses)
Chest freezer
Electrical oven
Washing machine (200 uses)
Refrigerator
Television
Microwave oven 800W
Iron
Vacuum cleaner
A good use of the deferred start causes you to benefit by off-peak periods
and, therefore, to save electricity.
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
THE DISHWASHER
Technical Training
2-
THE DISHWASHER
2.1. - The customer's expectations
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Perfectly clean dishes
Dry dishes
Sparkle of glasses and stainless steel
Respect of delicate dishes
Rapidity
Easy to use
Low sound level
Low consumption (water, electricity and products)
2.2. - The advantages of the dishwasher
A family of four persons devotes 55 minutes a day on average to do dishes, against 20 minutes when
it has a dishwasher.
The cost of a dishwasher is written off in only 3 years and its estimated lifetime is approximately 10 years.
Washing up in machine is much more hygienic because dishes are perfectly washed and dried
without contact with external elements (towels, hands or work surface), which often convey a number
of bacteria.
HERAKLES
Water (12 liters)
Energy (0.75 kWh)
Detergent product
Rinsing product
Salt
Annual cost
0.25 €
0.03 €
0.08 €
0.10 €
0.01 €
0.03 €
91.25 €
DISHES DONE BY HAND
Water (70 liters)
Energy (4.8 kWh)
Detergent
Accessories
Annual cost
0.88 €
0.18 €
0.53 €
0.14 €
0.03 €
321.20 €
2.3. - The sound level
Noise remains a selection criterion essential despite the fact that indicating it on the "Energy Label" is
not compulsory.
For the HERAKLES dishwasher, the level is comprised between 41 and 50 decibels (dB). It must be
known that a variation by 3 decibels multiplies by two the sound volume and this is only below
50 decibels that the dishwasher can be operated late at night.
To achieve this result, several improvements have been made to the ATLANTIS dishwasher:
•
PTC and double auxiliary winding for certain asynchronous cycling pumps
•
Reinforced acoustics (double-thickness bitumen, felts, phonic seals)
•
Passage of the entire spraying circuit in the tank.
2.4. - The drying
The drying result is an important point that appears on the "Energy Label".
The HERAKLES dishwasher proposes 3 marks for the drying (A/B/C), according to the dishwasher
level of equipment.
.
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
THE DISHWASHER
Technical Training
2.5. - Operating principle
Dirt adheres to dishes with a certain energy that is to be overcome to get rid of it. It is, therefore,
necessary to implement the following actions:
¾ The mechanical action (aspersion)
Its purpose is to project the detergent bath onto dishes to remove and drag the dirt.
The ATLANTIS dishwasher is provided with 4 spraying levels:
•
Two that spray the lower and upper baskets
•
A third one, multidirectional (small shower) attached to the tank ceiling prevents residues from
depositing on the tank ceiling and falling during drying
•
A fourth one, carried out using a rotary nozzle assembled to the lower winch in certain models, is
used to better clean the bottom of saucepans (it is associated to a specific program).
Spraying the dishes is performed by the winches, which turn simultaneously or not (alternate spraying)
under action of the water pressure in spraying nozzles. The water thus projected onto dishes falls in
the tank bottom where it is purified by flowing through four filters. These filters perform continuous
recycling of the detergent solution until cycle end.
The water is then returned, pressurized, by the circulation pump (approximately 50 liters / minute) into
the spraying arms. Such a circulation and the low volume of the cycling unit volume (1.85 liters) are
used to have a total water consumption relatively low (12 liters), as each piece of dishes is washed by
only one volume of water (approximately 4 liters).
After wash, the wastewater is evacuated, the clear water, cold for the first rinse rinses dishes, and
then a second rinse, hot, precedes the drying.
¾ The thermal action
The progressive temperature rise and the achievement of an enzymatic dwell at 50°C are used to
obtain the best conditions of elimination of all the types of dirt. Actually, the action of the various
components of detergent products varies according to the bath temperature.
¾ The chemical action
When dishes are done in machine, the mechanical action is limited (as compared with dishes done by
hand), and must therefore be compensated for by a more powerful chemical action.
To the mechanical and thermal energy of the machine are added the physical-chemical and biological
actions of the detergent.
As the nature of dirt is very varied, it is not always eliminated in the same way.
This is the reason why detergents contain very different components and, in particular, enzymes.
¾ The duration.
All is not as simple. If we detail the operation, we remark that an essential element is missing: the
water. Actually, without water, there is no wash! The water will, with the support of active principles of
the detergent, destroy, eradicate, dissolve and emulsify the dirt present on dishes.
It will do so all the better since the machine will water the dishes and heat the water.
The wash result depends, therefore, simultaneously on 4 factors:
•
The washing product
•
The water
•
The temperature
•
The mechanics
A good wash result can, therefore, only be obtained if all these conditions are respected.
Spraying arms project onto dishes (mechanical action) a solution of detergent
products (chemical action) progressively heated by a resistor (thermal action)
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
THE WATER
Technical Training
3-
WATER
3.1. - The noxious effects of limestone
Any water contains traces of minerals, mainly limestone, magnesium and iron originating from the
ground. The higher the content is, the harder the water is. These minerals reinforce the dirt catch to
fabric fibers, and the eliminated one tends to be fastened again to them. Limestone reduces the
efficiency of the washing product, makes the laundry rough, makes whites turn grey, fades colors and
accelerates the laundry wear.
3.2. - The water softening: a vital function
The system water contains soluble calcium hydrogen carbonate. Hot, the calcium hydrogen carbonate
decomposes and gives insoluble calcium carbonate (fur).
The water softening is, therefore, a vital function.
This is the reason why all dishwashers are fitted, from the
SOFTENER
origin, with water softeners.
Resin
Softened
Softening is, in fact, the substitution of calcium ions
water
contained in the system water by sodium ions contained in
+
sodium
the salt.
To perform this substitution, the water is circulated in the
Water
heart of the softener that contains small balls of synthetic
+
Calcium &
resin.
magnesium
Combined with sodium, this resin sets the limestone particles
(calcium or magnesium) contained in the system water. To
do so, the resin exchanges its sodium ions for the calcium
Water
ions.
+
Calcium (Ca)
After a certain number of fillings, resins are more or less
and
saturated with limestone and start becoming ineffective to Saturated resin
magnesium
soften the water. It is then necessary to regenerate them.
3.3. - The regeneration
To regenerate the resins, it is necessary to eliminate the
limestone from them with sodium (salt).
This regeneration, automatic and "floating" on "all
electronic" ATLANTIS dishwashers, is initiated by the board
according to the adjustment performed on the putting into
service and to the number of filling baths already performed.
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
Water+Ca
SALT
Water
WATER
+
SALT
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
THE WATER
Technical Training
3.4. - The pH (hydrogen potential)
Maybe, you have already remarked on labels of cleaning products or drinks the pH indication followed
by a number. Maybe, you know that the pH is related to the acidity of a solution, sometimes verifiable
by its taste. If you taste successively lemon juice, coffee and water, you will be able without any
difficulty to rank these three liquids by level of acidity.
Green
Red
Blue
Acid
Neutral
Basic
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Sink caustic
cleaner
Concentrated
Bleach
Sea water
Tape water
Milk
Beer
Vinegar
Coca-cola
Chlorydric acid
The pH paper is used for approximate, simple and rapid determination of the pH of a solution.
This paper, which does not provide exact determination of a value of pH, rather gives an idea of the
pH range of the solution, namely:
•
•
•
Acid for a pH smaller than 7
Neutral for a pH equal to 7
Basic or alkaline for a pH greater than 7
Water, mineralized or not (and, therefore, salt water) has a pH very close to 7.
3.4.1. - A few acids
•
•
•
•
•
•
Vinegar (acetic acid)
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
Lemon guise (citric acid)
Coffee
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Dishwasher rinsing product
3.4.2. - A few bases
•
•
•
•
•
Household cleaning products (ammonia)
Soap (potassium hydroxide)
Concentrated bleach
Sink caustic cleaner (sodium hydroxide)
Detergent products for washing machine and dishwasher
Alkaline pH is necessary for the washing bath to ensure maximum efficiency.
3.4.3. - Analysis of traces or deposits on dishes
Replacing a component supposed defective does not constitute the essentials of the maintenance of
a dishwasher. A dishwasher, for which the consumer signals a bad wash result, cannot be repaired so
easily. Actually, to solve this type of claim, it will always be necessary to precisely identify the nature
of the trace or residue present on the piece of dishes. Only this precise identification can indicate us
the probable cause at the origin of the defect.
The matter is not to precisely measure the pH but simply to detect the origin of the white traces or of
the residues.
So, when the paper turns red we are in the presence of an acid solution (rinsing product for example),
if it turns blue, then it is an alkaline solution (washing product).
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
THE WATER
Technical Training
4-
THE DETERGENTS
4.1. - The products
4.1.1. - The detergents
Contrary to many received ideas, all detergents are not identical. They contain specific ingredients. So
each type of detergent has its own features and will be particularly suited to such or such type of wash
or of dishes.
•
Detergent products are alkaline.
•
They have, therefore, a pH comprised between 9 and 11.
•
They are classified IRRITATING.
¾ The powder
It is perfectly efficient under difficult wash conditions (very hard water or very dirty dishes) and is
suitable for washing silver and decorated glasses.
¾ The tabs
The dosage ease certainly explains the development of their market share. The dissolution time can
vary from 10 seconds to over 10 minutes. When selecting a fast or short program, it's better to use
powder.
¾ The liquids
It is particularly more suitable for fragile dishes and respects the decoration.
4.1.2. - The rinsing product
It enables water to flow more rapidly and more completely from dishes, so preventing the formation of
traces during drying. It neutralizes alkaline residues of the detergent during the final rinse and favours
the drying of dishes. Its acid pH is comprised between 1 and 3. It must be compatible with the
detergent (it is preferable to keep the same product trademark).
4.1.3. - The regenerating salt
It is used to regularly regenerate the water softener resins. It protects the appliance and dishes from
layers of sediment. Its pH is neutral and equal to 7.
4.1.4. - The "all-in-one" products
New products integrate in one and the same dose the 3 functions essential to the right operation of
the dishwasher:
•
The wash function
•
The salt function
•
The rinse function
In cases of hard and very hard water (hardness greater than 35°TH), it is indispensable to use
regenerating salt. Some manufacturers specify that the wash must be done at 50°C maximum under
penalty of freeing too early the various actions of the product and altering the final result, or even
damaging some pieces of dishes.
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
GETTING STARTED
5-
Technical Training
HERAKLES PROGRAMMINGS
5.1. - Multi-LED display (E1)
¾ Features
•
Pushbutton: On / Off
•
Micro-travel buttons:
- Deferred start
This button is also used for adjusting the water softener (display by LEDs)
- Start / Cancel
•
Program selector knob:
- Intensive
- Normal
- OptiA 60 minutes
- Eco
- Bio (Energy label cycle)
- Flash 30'
- Soaking
•
Indicator lights:
- Lack of salt (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- Lack of rinsing liquid (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- Alarms
- Access locking
- "3 in 1" tablets (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- Display of the remaining time (45' → 30' → 15' → END)
- Deferred start, 3, 6 and 9 hours
•
Anti-leak float
¾ Performance
•
"Energy Label" marks
- Energy : A
- Washing : A
- Drying : A (Condenser)
•
Consumption for the standardized cycle (" BIO " program with 12 place settings)
- Water
: 16 litres
- Electricity : 1.05 kWh
- Time
: 145 minutes
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
GETTING STARTED
Technical Training
5.2. -
3-digit display ( E2)
¾ Features
•
Pushbutton: On / Off
•
Micro-travel buttons:
- Deferred start
This button is also used for adjusting the water softener (2-digit display)
- AQUACLEAN program (Dishwasher cleaning cycle)
- Start / Cancel
•
Program selector:
- Intensive
- Normal
- OptiA 60 minutes
- AUTO
- Eco
- Bio
- Flash 30'
- Soaking
•
Indicator lights:
- Lack of salt (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- Lack of rinsing liquid (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- Alarms
- Access locking
- "3 in 1" tablets (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- AQUACLEAN
•
3-digit display unit:
- Display of the remaining time
- Start deferred by 1 to 12 hours
- Softener adjustment
•
Anti-leak float
¾ Performance
•
"Energy Label" marks
- Energy : A
- Washing : A
- Drying : A (Fan)
•
Consumption for the standardized cycle (" BIO " program with 12 place settings)
- Water
: 14 litres
- Electricity : 1.05 kWh
- Time
: 140 minutes
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
GETTING STARTED
5.3. -
Technical Training
LCD display(E4)
¾ Features
•
Capacitive keys:
- + / - for adjusting the deferred start
- AQUACLEAN (Dishwasher cleaning cycle).
This button is also used for accessing a dishwasher adjustment menu.
•
Micro-travel button: Start (1 short actuation) / Cancel (1 actuation for two seconds)
•
Pushbutton: On / Off
•
Buzzer
•
Program selector:
- Cyclone (special program for sauce-pans on models fitted with arm with rotating nozzle)
- Normal
- OptiA 60 minutes
- AUTO
- Eco
- Bio
- Flash 30'
- Soaking
•
Indicator lights:
- Lack of salt (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- Lack of rinsing liquid (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
-"3 in 1" tablets (possible to actuate or not this indicator light)
- AQUACLEAN and other programs
- Deferred wash
•
LCD screen:
- Program run
- Display of the current time
- Display of the remaining time
- Display of deferred-end time
- Access locking
- Alarms
- Adjustment of the softener and "menu" mode (LCD brightness, "Beep" of end, language…)
•
Anti-leak float
•
Aqua Stop pipe
¾ Performance
•
Best noise level: 45 dB(A)
•
"Energy Label"
- Energy
:A
- Washing : A
- Drying
: A (Fan)
•
Consumption for the standardized cycle (" BIO " program with 12 place settings)
- Water
: 12 litres
- Electricity : 1.05 kWh
- Time
: 140 minutes
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
INSTALLATION
Technical Training
6-
GETTING STARTED AND USING THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
6.1. - Installing and getting started
6.1.1. - Levelling
Adjust the height of the four feet using a screwdriver so as to
get incline smaller than 1 cm.
Install the soundproofing flap after adjusting its
height (by cutting it) so that it touches the floor.
Other soundproofing gaskets are also provided to
be stuck between the appliance and the working
surface or contiguous pieces of furniture.
6.1.2. - Water inlet
Pipe length: 1.50 m maximum
Tap flow rate: 10 litres / minutes minimum
CAUTION: connection to self-piercing tap possible
If the opening diameter is 6 mm minimum and the flow rate is sufficient.
Diameter of the threaded fitting: 20/27
Pressure : from 1 to 10 bar
Hot-water connection :
The dishwasher can be fed with hot water (60°C maximum), this is used for decreasing the heating
time and the cycle duration. This option is advantageous if hot water is very cheap (solar water
heater) and if the pipe allows so (red marking).
•
Simple pipe reinforced or not.
•
Pipe with Aquastop:
- Electrical: the filling solenoid valve is built in the pipe. In the event where the pipe (protected
by a sheath) is leaking, the water is directed to a float (in chassis bottom), which cuts off the
power supply to solenoid valve and informs the electronics.
- Mechanical: a mechanism, actuated by a sponge, blocks the water inlet if the pipe (protected
by a sheath) happens to leak (it operates with the dishwasher powered on or off).
6.1.3. - Electrical connection
The dishwasher must be connected to a wall outlet with ground connection. This wall outlet must be
protected by a 10 A fuse and must remain accessible. No extensions, multiple sockets or electrical
deferred programr must be used.
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
INSTALLATION
Technical Training
The installation must be "fan-assisted" and
the inner diameter of the evacuation conduit
must be at least 38 mm. Draining must be
performed at a height comprised between 28
and 100 cm from the floor.
100 cm maxi
100 cm maxi
28 cm mini
60 à 120 mm
6.1.4. - Evacuation of waste waters
The draining pipe (1.5m) can be extended up
to 3 metres maximum.
Attention must be paid for the
pipe not to be pinched or
elbowed, which may happen
when the dishwasher is built-in.
Retirer l’obturateur
du siphon
6.1.5. - Installing under working surface
It is possible to slide the dishwasher under a working surface after
removing the top as follows:
FRONT
REAR
REAR
Install the soundproofing flap (delivered together with the dishwasher) after adjusting its height (by
cutting it) so that it touches the floor.
Other soundproofing gaskets are also provided to be stuck between the
appliance and the working surface or contiguous pieces of furniture.
Once it is level, screw the appliance front bracket in the working surface.
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
BASIC SETTING
Technical Training
6.2. - Adjusting the regeneration
The factory adjustment corresponds to tap water hardness comprised between 40 and 55°F (or °TH).
1
2
3
4
If the hardness is different, then it is necessary to
correct the regeneration adjustment, in order to
obtain washing without traces.
For this purpose, use the test strip delivered together
with the detergent sample or the dishwasher, consult
the table below and follow the setting procedure
described in the dishwasher manual.
Caution: the measurement scale can be different from one
strip trademark to another
100 strips: 43X9782
3 strips: 43X9783
Small measurement box: 74X0826
Large measurement box: 31X4037
6.3. - Filling the salt tank
If necessary and depending on the hardness or the type of detergent
used, fill the salt tank (using the supplied funnel) with special
dishwasher regenerating salt. Top up with water up to the tank edge
on the first use.
In the case where it is not necessary to use salt (hardness
< 10°F or use of detergent integrating the salt action), it is however
necessary to entirely fill the tank with water on the first appliance
commissioning.
Pick up the salt grains fallen in the tub, and if necessary perform
soaking to rinse the tub.
Perform filling again, if necessary, each time the information of salt
lack appears on the strip.
After a new filling, the "Salt lack" indication may remain illuminated
until salt has entirely dissolved.
It is possible to deactivate the salt level indication (use of 3-in-1
detergent or softener set to 0).
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
BASIC SETTING
Technical Training
6.4. - Filling the tank with rinsing agent
Fill the tank located in the inner door, each time
the product lack information appears on the strip.
Wipe the possible overflows to avoid foam effect
during next cycle.
Adjust, if needed, the distributed dose according
to the drying result obtained after the first cycles.
Increment the adjustment (position 2 on
manufacture) if the drying result is not correct.
It is possible to deactivate the indication of
rinsing agent level (use of 3-in-1 detergent with
hardness < 40°TH).
Black marker = Maxi filling
6.5. - Filtering and cleaning
Filtering is performed in suction (European standard). So, it is efficient throughout the cycle.
Four filtration levels are ensured through:
•
A waste filter with 2 filtration levels (turn it by 1/4 turn to unlock it) 1
- a conical section in plastic (non removable) to recover big waste
- a cylindrical section in plastic, which lets thinner waste go through
•
A main filter in stainless steel 2
•
A micro filter in Nylon or stainless steel 3
1
1
2
All the filters are very easily
removable by the user for
cleaning.
3
3
Some models offer in addition a specific cleaning cycle named "AQUACLEAN", which is recommended
to carry out approximately every 3 months, with special dishwasher cleaning agent.
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
USE
Technical Training
6.6. - Deferred Start or End
6.6.1. - Deferred start or end
It is possible to start a cycle in "Deferred start" or "Deferred end" depending on the dishwasher
programming level.
•
E1 programming:
"Deferred start" by 3, 6 or 9 hours
•
E2 programming:
"Deferred start" from 1 to 12 hours
•
E4 and E5 programming: "End-of-cycle" time
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LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
130 minutes
90 - 110
minutes
60 minutes
90 minutes
130 minutes
Standardized
cycle
145 minutes
30 minutes
15 minutes
The "3-in-1", option that is used for taking advantage of all the possibilities of these pellets, modifies the run of wash
cycles (except for the "Flash 30 minutes").
A second cold rinse is systematically carried out and the temperature of the last hot rinse is also modified in order to
guarantee the drying.
Average
duration
Natural
drying
Rinse at
70°C
+
cycling
2 rinses
of the
cycling unit
Washing at
70°C
90 minutes
FUNCTION
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
Technical Training
6.7. - The programs possible
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
USE
Technical Training
6.8. - Filling the dishwasher
¾ Check of level (L) by a float
The beginning of a washing cycle always starts with
draining alone down to lowest level plus
10 seconds (→ L0 +10").
Cycling arm
Bras de cyclage
SV
EV
Filters
Filtres
Power
Carte
de
board
puissance
Float
Flotteur
Cycling
Pompe
de pump
cyclage
Heating
Tunnel
tunnel
chauffant
I.L.S.
FBS
Next, the valve is supplied and the information on the level state
(hydraulic unit empty and then full) is given to the power board by
a flexible-blade switch (FBS) attached to the hydraulic unit. A
magnetized float located in a well of the hydraulic unit acts on the
FBS.
Cycling arm
A first filling phase (0.85 litre) is performed statically,
that is, without supply to the cycling pump, thus, without
rotation of spraying arms.
SV
Power
board
Float
Heating
tunnel
FBS
Level of the water
in cycling block
Cycling
pump
Filters
It is possible to check level L1 in the
hydraulic unit.
On the other hand, as next filling phases
are linked together, this check can only be
performed during the test program (step 4):
On completion of the first filling and after
removing the filters, the water level is
seen at the height of the flange vent
located above the temperature probe
(N.T.C.).
Flange vent
¾ Measurement of the filling and
then topping up time
During the first filling step, the board measures the
duration to reach level L1 (information given by the FBS
and the float). According to this duration, the board
computes a chronometric filling duration to top up with
water.
This second filling step is carried out in a linked way
and always without cycling.
Its duration depends on the selected program, the
current step, and the type of dishwasher. Therefore, the
water level reached after topping up cannot be checked.
Cycling arm
SV
Calculated
time
Power
board
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
Cycling
pump
Filters
Float
FBS
Heating
tunnel
- 19 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
¾ Measurement of the cycling pump current and keeping of the power supply to solenoid
valve
The third and last filling step is carried out dynamically,
that is by supplying the cycling pump.
As soon as this pump starts, the various spraying circuits
of the appliance fill. The pump starts and due to the lack
of water, the current it absorbs varies rapidly.
The valve is supplied until the current consumed by the
cycling pump is stabilized. This is used for reaching a
level suited to the dishwasher needs at a precise moment
(even in case of overturned bowl).
¾ Monitoring of the current consumed by the pump
Before definitely cutting off the power supply to solenoid
valve, the power board carries on monitoring the current
consumed by the cycling pump for the next 5 minutes.
This is used for topping up with water again, if need be, in
the case of a container that overturns, for example.
Spray arm
SV
Cycling
pump
Filters
Power
board
Float
Heating
tunnel
FBS
Current
analysis
Cycling arm
SV
Cycling
pump
Filters
Power
board
Float
Heating
tunnel
FBS
Current
analysis
This water level management principle is used for having
very precise filling perfectly suited to the dishwasher needs (pump and hydraulic circuit, loading and
type of dishes, water pressure and inlet flow rate)
¾ Safety devices and "security mode" of the filling
•
Level L1 not reached after 2' approximately:
The board supplies then the cycling pump and checks the current consumed.
- The latter greatly varies, as the hydraulic unit is empty
(tap closed, very low flow rate < 0.5 l/min, draining stick fallen)
► the cycle is stopped
► the warning light lights on (fault d01)
► it is necessary to press the "start" key to restart it
- It is stable as the hydraulic unit is full (no detection as float blocked)
► the cycle carries on normally and the intake of water continues with the dynamic filling and
the monitoring of the current consumed by the pump
.
•
- 20 -
Level L1 reached within 15" approximately:
Hydraulic unit not empty at cycle beginning, following incorrect draining
- the current cycle is modified to perform draining alone again to L0 +10"
- this draining will be performed only once before repeating the first filling phase
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
¾ Safety devices and "degraded mode" of the filling (continued)
•
Level L1 reached but after 35'' approximately: Low tap flow rate (< 1.5 l/min. approximately)
Filling is then performed in "degraded mode":
- the solenoid valve is supplied for a few seconds still after detection of level L1
- pause of 10" approximately and then check of the level
► level L1 is still present: the chronometric and static topping up is then set to 1' approximately
and the intake of water continues with the dynamic filling while monitoring the current
► level L1 is no longer present: leak or draining stick fallen
the current cycle is stopped and it is necessary to press "start" button to restart it
6.9. - The detection of dirt during the cycle
During the cycle, the electronics measures the pump
current. In the case of significant dirt, this current varies
abnormally (due to the presence of emulsion) an
additional rinse is then performed.
Spray arm
SV
Cycling
pump
Filters
Power
board
Float
Heating
tunnel
FBS
Current
analysis
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- 21 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
6.10. - The regeneration
The regeneration (3' of power supply to the regeneration valve) is initiated by the electronics when the
latter 'considers’ that the resins are saturated.
The purpose is to optimize the consumption of water and salt.
It is, therefore, not necessarily performed on each cycle, as its frequency depend on the hardness
adjustment, number of fillings carried out and current cycle.
On the other hand, it is mainly performed at the end of cycle during drying (at the beginning of drying
for the condenser version – during drying for the fan-assisted version)
CAUTION: the regeneration is also possible before the filling of a washing cycle in the case where
resins are saturated following many "Soaking" cycles followed by a washing.
Possible initiation of the regeneration
Cold rinse
Cold rinse +
Hot rinse
Drying
Fan-assisted
Hot wash
Condenser
Pre-wash
¾ Run of the regeneration phase:
• 3' of power supply to the regeneration valve
• emptying of the reserve of hard water designed to push the brine from the salt tank to the resin tank
¾ Run of the resin rinsing phase:
This rinsing phase always takes place at the beginning of the next cycle.
On the other hand, if the regeneration is performed at the beginning of a washing cycle, it is
systematically followed by the resin-rinsing phase. This avoids sending resin cleaning residue (salt +
accumulated limestone) onto the dishes and being likely to precipitate it onto the latter during the
heating.
The resin-rinsing phase always runs as follows:
• Draining down to L0 + 10"
• Power supply to SV1 and filling up to L1 while recording the filling duration (t→L1)
• 20" of pause
• 2 x (Power supply to SV1 for "t→L1" + 20" of pause)
• Draining down to L0 + 10"
• Power supply to SV1until L1 + chronometric topping up with water (computed with respect to
"t→L1").
• Draining down to L0 + 10"
¾ Number of fillings before a regeneration:
The regeneration initiation depends on the adjustment performed on getting the appliance started
(factory adjustment to 3: hardness from 40 to 55°TH) but also on the number of fillings (→L1) and not
on the number of programs performed.
Water hardness
< 10°TH 10 to 25°TH 25 to 40°TH 40 to 55°TH 55 to 70°TH
Regeneration adjustment
0
1
2
3
4
Number of fillings before
No
21
12
9
7
regeneration
regeneration
- 22 -
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LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
> 70°TH
5
5
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
6.11. - Hydraulic circuit of the technical zones
H
The technical zone performs several functions. Because it is used:
- at the moment of the filling by ensuring water inlet venting (air break).
- at the moment of the regeneration when the reserve of hard water is going down to the salt tank.
- at the moment of the drying in fan-assisted models, by allowing the humid air to condense.
Therefore, two different technical zones exist:
- a small one for models with natural drying and models with drying by condenser
- a large one for models with fan-assisted drying
¾ The filling of models with small technical zone
The water flowing out of the filling solenoid valve
(SV1) flows through a vent ("air break" antisiphoning) located at the top of the technical
zone, before flowing down into resins.
A part of this hard water flows through a calibrated
nozzle to fill a reserve intended for the
regeneration (this reserve is only full after several
air intakes). If there is overflow from this reserve,
the overflow flows to the tub through the tub vent.
Because, the technical zone is provided with an
opening to the outside and ensures thus the tub
and air inlet venting.
The softened water flows out of the resins and
shortly flows through the technical zone bottom
before flowing to the hydraulic unit.
Air
break
Regeneration
reserve filling
Reserve for
regeneration
Venting
- Tub
- Outside
Hydraulic Resins
unit
Resins SV1 EV1
Reserve for
regeneration
¾ The regeneration of models with
small technical zone
At the beginning of the regeneration phase, the power
board supplies, for 3', the RSV solenoid valve located
between the salt tank and the resins.
The reserve of hard water (280 ml), located in the
technical zone can then empty and push, by gravity,
the brine from the salt tank to the resins.
Salt
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
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THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
¾ The filling of models with large technical zone
Regeneration
reserve filling
Front side
The water flowing out of the filling solenoid valve flows
through the technical zone bottom, to fill then (from bottom to
top) the water reserve of the exchanger (that will be used
during the drying).
This reserve is renewed on each filling and always remains
full (use a magnet to open the purge located at the bottom,
in order to empty the reserve before removing it, for
example).
Next, the water flows through the air break located at the top
of the technical zone before flowing down into the resins.
Air break
Rear side
Regeneration
reserve filling
Reinforcing
pieces
Water reserve
for the exchanger
Resins
Hydraulic
unit
SV1
Resins
A part of the hard water flows through a calibrated
nozzle to fill the regeneration reserve (which is only full
after several air intakes). If there iss overflow from this
reserve, the overflow flows to the tub through the tub
vent. Because, the technical zone is provided with a port
to the tub that is vented through a box located on its left
side, so ensuring the tub and air inlet venting.
The softened water flows out of the resins, flows
through the bottom of the technical zone and flows to
the hydraulic unit.
- 24 -
Venting
- Tub
- Outside
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Exchanger reserve purge
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
¾ The fan-assisted drying of models with large technical zone
2
Fan
Ventilateur
Channel
between
fan and et
technical
zone
Canal entre
ventilateur
zone technique
Condenseur
A fan, located in the tub ceiling, sucks this steam and
directs it in a channel tacked on the tub top (2).
3
The steam goes then down into an exchanger zone
located at the rear of the technical zone (3).
Exchanger
Echangeur
RØserve
d’eau
froide
Cold-water
reserve
During the drying, steam comes out from the dishes that
have been heated to at least 65°C during the hot rinse
(1).
1
Tub
Cuve
Rear side
5
Fan conduit
outlet
3
Pompe
Pump
6
Pv
Water
reserve
for
the exchanger
3
Air / Water
exchanger zone
4
Bloc
Hydraulic
unit
hydraulique
The exchanger, gone through by the steam, is cooled by a reserve
of cold water (approximately 1 litre) located on the front of the
technical zone (4).
A part of the so-dried air returns into the the tub through the
bottom of the technical zone (5) and the rest is sent to the
outside after going through a box located on the rear right side
of the tub. So, it is not abnormal to find some traces of dried
water drops on the bottom.
Condensates and the tepid water that was renewed in the
technical zone during the drying are drained (6).
In order to improve the condensation in the exchanger, the
reserve of cold water is renewed during the drying.
The drying runs as follows:
- Ventilation alone
- Filling →L1 + Ventilation
- Partial draining + Ventilation
- Ventilation alone
- Water topping up →L1 + Ventilation
- Partial draining + Ventilation
Air circuit
-To tub
-To outside
- Ventilation alone
- Water topping up →L1 + Ventilation
- Draining →L0
- Ventilation alone
- Draining →L0
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- 25 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
FUNCTION
Technical Training
¾ The regeneration of models with large technical zone (AAA)
Reserve for
the regeneration
At the beginning of the regeneration phase, the power board feeds,
for 3', the RSV solenoid valve located between the salt tank and the
resins.
The reserve of hard water (280 ml), located in the technical zone can
then empty and push, by gravity, the brine from the salt tank to the
resins.
Sel
6.12. - The three modes of drying
The HERAKLES chassis proposes 3 drying marks (A, B and C) and, therefore, 3 means to obtain
them:
•
Mark C
Natural drying: dishes are rinsed at approximately 70°C and dry by their own.
The water evaporates then thanks to the heat accumulated by the dishes.
It is advisable to half-open the dishwasher door approximately 15 minutes after the end of the cycle.
•
Mark A or B (According to the insulation of the tub)
Drying by condenser: a solenoid valve (SV2) lets a curtain of cold water flow (consumption variable
according to the program) on the right side of the tub during the drying.
Attracted by the cold, the steam is then absorbed and the water is sent to the drain.
•
Mark A
Fan-assisted drying:
During the drying, steam comes out from dishes and a fan, located in the tub ceiling, sucks this steam
and directs it in a channel tacked on the tub top.
Then, the steam goes down into an exchanger zone located at the rear of the technical zone, which is
cooled by a reserve of cold water located at the front.
A part of the dried air returns into the the tub through the bottom of the technical zone and the rest is
sent to the outside. Condensates and the tepid water that was renewed in the technical zone are
drained.
- 26 -
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LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
COMPONENTS
Technical Training
7-
THE MAIN COMPONENTS
Designation
Water inlet pipe
Function
Dishwasher connection to the water
network while eventually assuring
additional safety.
Features
Length: 1.50 m maximum
Tap flow rate: 10l/min. minimum
Threaded fitting diameter: 20/27
Pressure: from 1 to 10 bar
Hot water connection:
65°C maximum if marking on pipe (90°C)
and if the model provides for it.
CAUTION: connection to self-piercing tap
possible if opening diameter is 6 mm
minimum and the flow rate is sufficient.
Simple pipe (1) reinforced or not
Pipe with Aquastop:
- Electrical (2):
solenoid valve (EV1) is part of the pipe.
So, there are no filling solenoid valves in
the chassis.
if the sheathed pipe is leaking, the water is
directed to the bottom plate, where a
contact actuated by a float will cut off the
power supply to SV1
- Mechanical (3):
a mechanism (actuated by a sponge)
blocks the water inlet if the sheathed pipe is
leaking. This system is active even with
dishwasher powered off
Number of ways:
1 or 2 (filling and drying)
•
1
•
2
3
Solenoid valve
If this is a 2-way solenoid valve, one of
the solenoid valves will be used for
feeding a condenser built in the plastic
top of the hub, and which is used on
products with drying mark B.
SV1
1
Is used for filling the dishwasher.
Flow rate
- Wash SV1 in chassis (1):
2.8 l/min approx. (without reducer)
- Wash SV1 in pipe (2):
3.5 l/min approx. (without reducer)
- Drying (SV2): 0.25 l/min approximately
(with green reducer) to feed the
"condenser" zone located in the tub ceiling
and let a dribble of cold-water flow in order
to cool the vapours.
This type of drying increases the water
consumption (quantity different according to
the cycle)
2
Supply voltage:
- 230V~ (brown coil)
Ohmic value:
approximately 4 kΩ for the filling solenoid
valve
SV1 + SV2
Operating pressure:
from 0.2 to 10 bar
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- 27 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
COMPONENTS
Designation
Technical zone
Models with drying
by condenser
Technical Training
Function
Features
Ensures the water distribution for the Distribution of water for fillings with soft
washing and the regeneration.
water (network to technical zone, and
then technical zone to resins and then
resins to technical zone and lastly
technical zone to cycling unit).
Reserve of hard water of the network for
the regeneration (technical zone to salt
tank).
Models with
fan-assisted drying
Hydraulic unit
and level management
Float
FBS.
Softener assembly
Resins
Sel
The one that equips the models with fanassisted drying also ensures
condensation of the steam contained in
the tub during the drying.
The first filling phase is performed without
power supply to the cycling pump.
A float, located in the cycling unit,
actuates the contact of the flexible blade
switch (FBS) attached to the unit outside.
It gives "high level" information to the
printed circuit board.
Next, depending on the time taken to
reach this "high level", the board feeds
the solenoid valve in a chronometric way.
The last filling phase is performed by
cycling and monitoring the current
consumed by the pump. The solenoid
valve is cut off when this current is
stabilized.
The dishwasher filling is performed by the
cycling unit.
Because, a hose links the bottom of the
technical zone to the hydraulic unit.
Assembly consisting of a salt tank and a
resin tank linked by a conduit in which a
regeneration solenoid valve (RSV)
isolating the two tanks.
Capacities:
- 1.4 Kg of regenerating salt
- 0.60 litre of resin
Electrical indicator of lack of salt: a
magnetized float actuates a flexible blade
Is used for both retaining the limestone in
contact (FBS) that is used to inform the
the resins and cleaning the resins with
power board. This board will initiate the
salt water.
power supply to an indicator light located
on the access board.
Filling:
Only use special dishwasher salt
(purified). The softener is compatible with
the table salt.
Regeneration solenoid valve (RSV)
- 28 -
Is used for the regeneration by allowing Supply voltage: 230V~
the brine passage from salt tank through Ohmic value: approximately 4 kΩ
resins. The brine is pushed, by gravity, by Supply time: 3 minutes
the reserve of hard water of the technical
zone.
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
COMPONENTS
Technical Training
Designation
Function
Cycling pumps
Send the pressurized water into the two
spraying winches, the saucepan nozzle
and the ceiling small shower.
The pump is suspended and attached to
a silent block to eliminate the noise.
The sealed links between the pump, the
flap valve or dummy flap valve and the
heating tunnel also are flexible to
attenuate vibration noises. They are as
short as possible to limit dead volumes
and the heat dispersion.
Features
Turbine with curved blades, so with
mandatory direction of rotation.
Motor: asynchronous
Main winding: 94Ω
Auxiliary winding: 126Ω
Power: 100W
Thermal protection: internal
Capacitor: 2.5 µF
The spiral shell is used to reduce this
volume, better canalize the water and
thus limit noises and risks of draining
(synchronous pumps). Because the air is
directly directed to the arms and venting
the pumps is thus not necessary.
The electronics measures the variations
in the current consumed by the pump, in
order to precisely adjust the quantity of
water taken during fillings according to
the needs of the moment.
Micro-motor
+
Alternate spraying disk
assembly
Motorized disk: Direct the water from
cycling pump to lower and intermediate
winches and to the saucepan nozzle and
the ceiling small shower, using a disk
drilled with several holes.
Motorized disk: (on certain models)
A disk drilled with several holes of
different diameters is driven by a
synchronous micro-motor (piloted by the
power board). This system is used for
having alternate water supply to arms,
nozzle and small shower.
A contact located in the flap valve
enables the electronics to check the disk
position (5 closings/revolution) and a
ratchet prevents it from rotating in the
wrong direction.
Micro-motor ohmic value: 6.5 kΩ
Positioning contact verifiable with
ohmmeter, 0Ω between 5 and 6 of J5.
Filtering assembly
Ensure complete water recycling with 4
filtering levels to trap all the dirt, even the
tiniest.
- main filter in stainless steel (1)
- plastic waste filter in 2 parts that cannot
be dismantled (2 + 3)
- micro-filter in nylon or stainless steel (4)
2
+
3
The tub water is filtered throughout the
cycle and the entire bath flows through
the filters several times per minute.
Located under the lower basket, they are
easily accessible and removable by the
consumer, for cleaning (eventually check
and clean the filter for big waste after
each washing).
Suction filtering to reduce the water
consumption with respect to a pulsed
filter.
1
4
On some LCD programming, the "Filt"
message appears on the display after 20
cycles. It is then necessary to clean all
the filters.
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- 29 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
COMPONENTS
Designation
Cycling arm
Small
shower
Technical Training
Function
Features
Various spraying levels are used for The lower and intermediate winches
projecting the detergent solution onto the rotate simultaneously or not (alternate
dishes.
spraying) under the action of the pressure
of the water flowing out of spray nozzles
(ports of special shape oriented in a
certain way).
The ceiling small shower: fixed, is used
for cleaning the upper section of the tub.
The lower winch: waters the main filter to
push the waste to the waste filter and
waters dishes in the lower basket.
The saucepan nozzle, which is fitted to
certain models is associated with a
specific program (Cyclone – Sauce-pans).
It is used for eliminating the stuck waste.
It is eccentric with respect to the lowerarm centre and delivers a rotating jet.
The intermediate winch and its arm inlet
and also the product box are attached to
the upper basket.
Upper arm inlet
The 2 winches are easily removable by
the consumer (for servicing) from the
inside of the tub.
Upper arm
Caution : do not invert winches between
models with or without alternate spraying
with those of the previous chassis.
Lower arm with or without sauce-pan nozzle
Heating tunnel
NTC
Ensures heating of the detergent bath for
the wash and of water with the rinsing
product before drying.
Located out of tub (not visible), out of
bath (no clogging risks) and out of the
cycling unit (safety), it is fitted between
the hydraulic unit and the cycling pump
suction.
So, it requires less water and ensures
faster temperature rise than a system with
immersion heater.
•
220 / 240 V~
•
2040 W
•
25 Ω
•
Self-resetting 98°C safety thermostat
(built-in)
•
Thermal fuse at 140°C (built-in)
Inform the power board microprocessor on
the detergent bath temperature.
Its ohmic value decreases if the
temperature increases.
Ohmic value at 25°C: approx. 47 kΩ.
¼-turn rise and at vertical under the
hydraulic unit, it is above the level of the
water that may stay in the unit after
draining. An O-ring ensures sealing with
respect to the unit.
- 30 -
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
COMPONENTS
Technical Training
Designation
Function
Draining pump
Evacuate waste waters and waste whose
size is smaller than the waste filter mesh.
It is fed from the power board
continuously or in fractions.
It is directly assembled to the cycling unit
and is located under level of water in the
cycling unit.
The horizontal turbine and a smalldiameter hole between the unit and the
pump facilitates its degassing and limits
the noise.
Features
Synchronous motor with internal thermal
safety device.
Supply voltage: 230V~
Power: approximately 30 W
Flow rate: approximately 15 litres/minute
Ohmic value: 260Ω.
It is installed quarter-turn on the cycling
unit.
To prevent it from moving during the
appliance transport, a plastic clip
(accessible under the pump) holds it
locked on the cycling unit.
A check valve is placed in
the in the draining conduit
of the cycling unit.
Fan
Allow drying the dishes in models with Its sucks the humid air from the tub and
mark A as drying result.
then pushes it into the "exchanger"
part of the technical zone before
A plastic conduit is used for directing the returning it into the tub.
airflow to the "exchanger" part of the
technical zone of models with fan- Fan:
assisted drying. It is located on the plastic Supply voltage: 230V~
top of the tub.
Ohmic value: 400Ω.
Drying conduit
Products with drying mark B have a small
technical zone and a solenoid valve The complete fan is located in the plastic
connected to a condenser built in the top of the dishwasher tub.
plastic top of the tub.
The fan is also fed for a few seconds on
each draining in order to expel the
residual water.
Power board
It receives information from the access
board and sensors, feeds the power
components and also the access board
and then it returns information to the user
via the access board.
This is the power board, which stores the
programs in memory.
It is located behind a sheet metal
crosspiece that is accessible after
removing the clipped plinth of the
dishwasher.
Selector and display board
It transmits to the power board the user's
choices and receives from this board the
information to be displayed.
The selection board and display board
assembly is located behind the strip.
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- 31 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
MAINTENANCE
8-
Technical Training
MAINTENANCE
8.1. - The test program
This complete test program is used for checking all the dishwasher functions.
¾ Displaying of faults during the test.: some fault codes may not appear during cycle. On the other
hand, they will be displayed, for the technician, during the TEST
During the test., the way in which one of the LEDs is used indicates the dishwasher status:
@ : LED flashing slowly (0.5" / 0.5") Æ waiting for servocontrol (level, T° …)
z : LED steady Æ servocontrol reached or status correct (step "OK")
’ : LED flashing rapidly (0.1" / 0.1") Æ fault detected
• Display with LCD or digits: codes displayed in clear on the LCD (E4 - E5) or the 3 digits (E2).
• Display with LEDs: on the programming without display (E1), fault codes are indicated using
LEDs (vertical or horizontal depending on the strip aesthetics).
To know the fault number, you have just to add the binary weight of the LEDs illuminated.
The weight of a LED is the binary value that corresponds to its position: for example n o q u = 15
FAULT "CODE"
LEDs
Display
(E1)
(E2 -E4 - E5)
FUNCTIONS AND/OR ELEMENTS TO BE CHECKED
n
Filling >>> No High Level after 2' of supply to SV → Check SV and Level FBS
o
Draining >>> No Low Level after 30'' of draining → Check Pump and Level FBS
no
Heating >>> No heating → Check Heating tunnel and door Safety device
q
Thermistor (NTC) OOO or disconnected >>> Check its value (47 KΩ at 25°C)
nq
Current consumed by the cycling pump too low >>> Pump cut or disconnected
oq
Current consumed by the cycling pump too high >>> Pump blocked or OOO
noq
Leak detection >>> Abnormal presence of water in the chassis bottom + float contact
u
Alternation valve fault >>> Micro-motor or position sensor OOO
nu
ou
nou
Not used
Not used to date (Fault of the cycling pump pressure sensor)
qu
Filling >>> High Level lost during the static filling → Draining pipe on floor
nqu
Overheating >>> T° read by the NTC too high → Heating relay closed or NTC OOO
oqu
Filling >>> Cycling pump current not stabilized → Wrong level or pump OOO
¾ Transition to next step by actuating " Start
" button. It is thus possible to skip steps (except
those where it is necessary to wait for level or temperature servocontrol).
¾ Checks possible during the test: The board stores thee latest test data, which allows opening the
door (level check) or disconnecting the appliance to check the defective circuit, replace the
defective part then connect the product and continue the test
¾ Cancellation and exit from the test: a dishwasher de-energization or actuation of the" On/Off "
button does not cancel the current test
It is thus necessary to hold the " Start
" button down for 2’’ to exit the test
¾ Preliminary steps and conditions to enter the test
• Remove the plinth and the front crosspiece to gain access to the aid-to-diagnostic leaflet
• Remove the right-hand panel to see the emptying of the water reserve intended for the
regeneration
• Use a clamp-on probe to check the power supply to heating element
• Empty the appliance, open the tap and close the door of the dishwasher
- 32 -
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
MAINTENANCE
Technical Training
Action
5 actuations of
"Start"
in less
than 5’’
Step
Run and display
0
TEST start
(and hold the down
on certain models)
Analysis / Display
Signalling system of all the LEDs
Illumination of the display segment + BEEP ?
NO
The test has not started.
YES
Check of access
Actuation of "Start"
1
Each button actuation or the selector
rotation modifies the display.
Check of NTC
Actuation of "Start"
2
Check of the thermistance
(47 KΩ at 25°C)
Check of draining pump
+ Condenser SV2 (if present)
+ Fan (if present)
Actuation of "Start"
3
Check the power supply to SV2 and to
fan, if present.
Impossible to continue the TEST if the
level remains full.
Check of filling (SV1)
Actuation of "Start"
4
Impossible to continue the TEST if the
level remains low.
Check of cycling
+ Alternate spraying (if present)
Actuation of "Start"
5
If the alternate spraying is present, arms
are fed with water, as follows:
- 5" on the top winch
- alternation between top and bottom the
bas
- 5" on the bottom winch
- alternation between bottom and top
-…
The transparent door 32X2668 allows
checking the right rotation of winches.
Check of heating + cycling
+ Alternate spraying (if present)
Actuation of "Start"
6
During the heating, the current consumed
is 9 A.
Nothing to signal.
A single LED illuminates at a time ?
Display modification on each actuation ?
NO
Access board out of order.
YES Nothing to signal.
’ A LED flashes rapidly
is displayed
z A LED is steady or "OK"
N.T.C. out of order
Nothing to signal.
Low level (N0) reached before 30’’ ?
@ a LED flashes slowly or "IN PROGRESS"
if high level (N1) and then
z this LED becomes steady or "OK" if low level (N0).
NO
- Level FBS shorted
+
- Float blocked up
’ and/or
- Draining pump OOO
YES
Nothing to signal.
Filling and high level (N1 reached before 3' ?
@ a LED flashes slowly or "IN PROGRESS"
if low level (N0) and then
z this LED becomes steady or "OK" if high level (N1)
and then
- Filling stop.
NO
- Level FBS cut
+
- Float blocked down
’ and/or
- SV1 OOO
YES
Nothing to signal.
Winches rotate correctly ?
z a LED becomes steady or "OK" ?
- Power supply to SV1 (water topping up)
- Power supply to the cycling pump
- Power supply to alternate spraying micro-motor
(if present)
NO
Arms clogged or blocked
NO
- Cycling pump OOO
+
- Alternate spraying valve OOO
(position contact or micro-motor)
’
Cycling
pump OOO
or
Alternate spraying valve OOO
YES
Nothing to signal
+ 5°C after 5' of heating ?
@ a LED flashes slowly or " IN PROGRESS "
during heating and then
z this LED becomes steady or "OK" if the T° has
increased and then
- Heating stop.
NO
+
Heating tunnel OOO
’ and/or
YES
Nothing to signal.
YES Nothing to signal.
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- 33 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
MAINTENANCE
Action
Step
Actuation of "Start"
7
Technical Training
Run and display
Check of the regeneration valve (RV)
Remove the right-hand panel to see the
regeneration reserve emptying.
Analysis
The reserve of the technical zone is emptying ?
NO
Check of the rinsing product intake
Actuation of "Start"
8
Regeneration valve out of order
Product flows along the inner door ?
Wait 1 minute for the actuator to act and
then open the dishwasher door.
NO Rinsing box actuator OOO or box empty.
YES Nothing to signal.
Check of the draining pump
+ Condenser SV2 (if present)
+ Fan (if present)
10’’ of cycling (inner-door rinse) and then draining
Low level (L0) reached before 30’’?
@ a LED flashes slowly or "IN PROGRESS"
Actuation of "Start"
if high level (N1) and then
9
Check the power supply to SV2
and to fan, if present.
z this LED becomes steady or "OK" if low level (L0).
NO
+
’ and/or
YES
Actuation of "Start"
or
Actuation
of On/Off
10
Exit from the TEST
or
Mains cut
- 34 -
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
- Level FBS shorted
- Float blocked up
- Draining pump out of order
Nothing to signal.
12
Display
card
Selector
card
1
blue
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
1 2 3
1 2 34 5 67
4
1
grey
J3
Q16
1 2 3 45 67
1 23
J3a J3b
12 3
red
J5
Q15
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6
J4
Q13
1 2 3
J6
Q17
1 2
J7
Q14
1 2 3
J8
blue
blue
Q11
J10
P
Q10
Ph E
red
red
black
blue
2
3
5
6
J13b
brown
1
brown
brown
J13a red
orange
orange
4
3
2
2
3
1
1
J13
Q8
Ph P
1 2 3 4 5
1 2
J12
I.L.S
Salt
Regeneration
valve
Microswich
leakage
detection
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Q12
RL1
black
J11
Heat demand
relay
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
blue
Q9
1 2 3 4 5 6
J9
1
blue
Drain
Pump
3
4
red
2
Pc
1
1
Safety
door
Thermal fuse
Resistance
safety TH
98 C
Heating element
3
On/Off
Cycling
pump
Filter
N
Ph
Technical Training
POWER CARD
J19
J2
I.L.S
Level
J1
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
red
red
red
red
black
red
grey
WV1
Filling
black
NTC
sensor
blue
WV2
Condenser
black
I.L.S
Rinsing
Rinsing
agent
distributor
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
MAINTENANCE
8.2. - Diagram of a model with simultaneous spraying and drying by condenser
- 35 -
12
Display
card
Selector
card
1
blue
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
1 2 3
1 2 34 5 67
4
1
1 23
J3
Q16
1 2 3 45 67
12 3
J3a J3b
grey
POWER CARD
J19
J2
J1
I.L.S
Level
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
red
red
red
red
grey
red
J5
Q15
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6
J4
Q13
1 2 3
J6
Q17
1 2
J7
red
red
Q14
1 2 3
J8
Q11
J10
blue
3
1
4
P
Draining
Pump
blue
red
red
WV1
Filling
Q12
Q10
RL1
Ph E
red
red
black
blue
2
3
5
6
J13b
brown
1
brown
brown
J13a red
Orange
Orange
4
3
2
2
3
1
1
J13
Q8
Ph P
1 2 3 4 5
1 2
J12
I.L.S
Salt
Regeneration
valve
Microswich
leakage
detection
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
J11
Heat demand
relay
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
blue
Q9
1 2 3 4 5 6
J9
Fan
black
V
black
NTC
sensor
Rinsing
agent
distributor
black
- 36 black
I.L.S
Rinsing
2
Pc
1
1
Safety
door
Thermal fuse
Resistance
safety TH
98 C
Heating element
3
On/Off
Cycling
pump
Filter
N
Ph
MAINTENANCE
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
Technical Training
8.3. - Diagram of a model with simultaneous spraying and fan-assisted drying
12
Display
card
Selector
card
1
blue
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
4
1
grey
J3
Q16
1 2 3 45 67
1 23
J3a J3b
12 3
red
J5
Q15
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6
J4
Q13
1 2 3
J6
Q17
1 2
J7
red
red
Q14
1 2 3
J8
Q11
J10
blue
1
P
Q10
red
red
black
blue
2
3
5
6
J13b
brown
1
brown
brown
J13a red
Orange
Orange
4
3
2
2
3
1
1
J13
Q8
Ph P
1 2 3 4 5
1 2
J12
I.L.S
Salt
Regeneration
valve
Microswich
leakage
detection
Ph E
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Q12
RL1
black
J11
Relais
de chauffage
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
blue
Q9
1 2 3 4 5 6
J9
3
4
Draining
Pump
blue
red
red
2
Pc
1
1
Safety
door
Thermal fuse
Resistance
safety TH
98 C
Heating element
3
On/Off
Cycling
pump
Filter
N
Ph
Technical Training
POWER CARD
J19
1 2 3
1 2 34 5 67
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
J2
J1
I.L.S
Level
red
grey
red
red
red
M
black
NTC
sensor
black
Alternated
spraying
flap valve
black
black
WV1
Filling
black
Rinsing
agent
distributor
black
I.L.S
Rinsing
Fan
black
V
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
MAINTENANCE
8.4. - Diagram of a model with alternate spraying and fan-assisted drying
- 37 -
THE HERAKLES DISHWASHER
MAINTENANCE
Technical Training
8.5. - Checks and measurements at the power board terminals
The dishwasher power board is installed in casing located on the left in the chassis
bottom. To test the dishwasher components, using an ohmmeter, you have just to
remove the plinth and the front crosspiece and then pull the casing forwards.
All the measurements made in the connectors disconnected from the power board,
are used for checking the component and its wiring.
The power board is protected by a plastic package on which the names of terminal
blocks are screen printed, as well as a symbol representing the component
connected.
RH view
Top view
Casing cover open
Board TBs
Track 1 on TB
left
► J13a
► J13b
Casing
A manual, placed nearby, allows to have at disposal the test program and also a table with the values of
components and the terminals to which they are connected.
Elements
Thermistor (NTC)
Heating tunnel
Draining pump
Level FBS
Condenser drying SV2
Fan
Filling SV1
Cycling pump
Alternate spraying motor
Valve position contact
Regeneration SV
Salt FBS
Rinsing box actuator
Rinsing product FBS
Anti-leak float contact
Door contact
On/Off button
Electrical power supply
Terminal blocks
Value
J3b/1
J3b/3 Approx. 47 kΩ
J13b/2
J13b/3 Approx. 25 Ω
J11/1
J11/3 Approx. 260 Ω
Infinite
J3a/2
J3a/3
0Ω
J9/1
J9/3
Approx. 4 kΩ
J8/1
J8/3 Approx. 400 Ω
J10/1
J10/3 Approx. 4 kΩ
J12/4
J12/5 Approx. 100 Ω
J5/1
J5/3 Approx. 6,5 kΩ
J5/5
J5/6
0 Ω or infini
J11/5
J11/7 Approx. 4 kΩ
Infinite
J11/8
J11/9
0Ω
J4/2
J4/4 Approx. 1,5 kΩ
Infinite
J4/1
J4/2
0Ω
J10/4
J10/6
0Ω
J10/5
J10/6
0Ω
0Ω
J13a/1
J13a/2
Infinite
0Ω
J13a/2
J13a/3
Infinite
J13b/1
J13b/3
230 V
Information
Value at 25°C
Tub empty
L1 (0.85 litre) reached
Fan-assisted drying
5 closings per revolution
Tank full
Tank empty
Tank full
Tank empty
Nothing to signal
Leak
Door closed
Door open
Button pressed (ON)
Button pressed (OFF)
-
Measure with ohmmeter, in disconnected connectors and de-energized product.
- 38 -
CU3P-CDC-003-02/05
LA3P-HERAKLES-001UK-0306
© Brandt Customer Services - Formation : LA3P – HERAKLES– 001UK - 03/06
Brandt Customer Services
BP 69526– 95060 CERGY-PONTOISE CEDEX
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Service formation : Agrément N° 11 95 00 685 95 - Fax : 33 (0)1 34 30 68 42 - E-mail : formationtechnique@elcobrandt.com