Vector | VEC093 | Owner`s manual | Vector VEC093 Owner`s manual

VEC093
A062003
AUTOMATIC
BATTERY CHARGER
OWNER’S MANUAL & WARRANTY INFORMATION
12 VOLT 2/10/20/40 AMPERE CHARGE RATES WITH 100 AMP ENGINE START,
ALTERNATOR VOLTAGE CHECK AND BATTERY RECONDITON FUNCTIONS
• IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS •
WARNING – RISK OF EXPLOSIVE GASES
1. WORKING IN VICINITY OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY IS DANGEROUS. BATTERIES
GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASES DURING NORMAL BATTERY OPERATION. FOR THIS
REASON, IT IS OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE THAT EACH TIME BEFORE USING YOUR
CHARGER, YOU READ THIS MANUAL AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS EXACTLY.
2. To reduce risk of battery explosion, follow these instructions and those published by the battery
manufacturer and manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use in vicinity of battery. Review
cautionary markings on these products and on engine.
GENERAL BATTERY SAFETY
1. Use charger for charging a LEAD-ACID battery only. It is not intended to supply power to a low voltage electrical system other than in automotive applications. Do not use battery charger for other types
of batteries, these may burst and cause injury to persons and damage to property.
2. Use of an attachment not recommended or sold by the battery charger manufacturer may result in a
risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
3. To reduce risk of damage to electric plug and cord, pull by plug rather than cord when
disconnecting charger.
4. An extension cord should not be used unless absolutely necessary. Use of an improper extension cord
could result in a risk of fire and electric shock. If extension cord must be used, make sure:
a. That pins on plug of extension cord are the same number, size, and shape as those of
plug on charger.
b. That extension cord is properly wired and in good electrical condition; and
c. That wire size is AWG #10 (10 gauge) to 100 feet and AWG #8 for distances over 100 feet.
5. Do not operate charger with damaged cord or plug - replace the cord or plug immediately.
6. Do not operate charger if it has received a sharp blow, been dropped, or otherwise damaged in any
way; take it to a qualified service technician.
7. Do not disassemble charger; take it to a qualified service technician when service or repair is
required. Incorrect reassembly may result in a risk of electric shock or fire.
8. To reduce risk of electric shock, unplug charger from outlet before attempting any maintenance or
cleaning. Turning off controls will not reduce this risk.
9. Do not expose charger to rain or snow.
10. Never charge a frozen battery.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS:
This manual contains important safety and operating instructions for battery charger Model VEC093
4140 SW 28TH WAY, FT. LAUDERDALE, FL 33312 • TEL: 954-584-4448 • FAX: 954-584-5556 • TOLL-FREE 866-584-5504
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PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS AND SAFETY
1. Someone should be within range of your voice or close enough to come to your aid when you work near a
lead-acid battery.
2. Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or eyes.
3. Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while working with a battery.
Acid, acid particles or corrosion may get into eyes. Immediately flood eye with running cold water for at
least 10 minutes and get medical attention immediately.
4. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water.
5. NEVER smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery or engine.
6. Be extra cautious to reduce risk of dropping a metal tool onto battery. It might spark or short-circuit battery
or other electrical part that may cause explosion.
7. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches when working with a lead-acid
battery. A lead-acid battery can produce a short-circuit current high enough to weld a ring, or the like to
metal causing a severe burn.
GROUND AND AC POWER CORD CONNECTION
Charger should be grounded to reduce risk of electric shock. Charger is equipped with an electric cord having
an equipment grounding conductor and a grounding plug. The plug must be plugged into an outlet that is
properly installed and grounded in accordance with all local codes and ordinances. (See Figure 1.)
DANGER! NEVER alter AC cord or plug provided – if it will not fit outlet, have proper outlet installed by a
qualified electrician. Improper connection can result in the risk of an electric shock.
This battery charger is for use on a nominal 120 volt circuit, has a grounding plug that looks like the plug
illustrated in Figure 1A. A temporary adapter, which looks like the adapter illustrated in Figures 1B, may be
used to connect this plug to a two-pole receptacle as shown in Figure 1 B, if a properly grounded outlet is not
available. The temporary adapter should be used only until a properly grounded outlet can be installed by a
qualified electrician.
DANGER! Before using adapter as illustrated, be certain that center screw of outlet plate is grounded.
The green-colored rigid ear or tab extending from adapter must be connected to a properly grounded outlet- make certain it is grounded. If necessary, replace original outlet cover plate screw with a longer screw
that will secure adapter ear or tab to outlet cover plate and make ground connection to grounded outlet.
FIGURE 1A
FIGURE 1B
ADAPTER (B)
GROUNDING PIN (A)
METAL SCREW
GROUNDING
MEANS
USE OF AN ADAPTER IS NOT ALLOWED IN CANADA. IF A GROUNDING TYPE RECEPTACLE IS
NOT AVAILABLE, DO NOT USE THIS APPLIANCE UNTIL THE PROPER OUTLET IS INSTALLED BY A
QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN.
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PREPARING TO CHARGE
1. Determine voltage of battery by referring to car owner's manual.
2. If it is necessary to remove battery from vehicle to charge, or to clean terminals, always remove grounded
terminal from battery first. Make sure all accessories in the vehicle are off, so as not to cause an arc.
3. Clean battery terminals. Be careful to keep corrosion from coming in contact with eyes.
4. Add distilled water in each cell until battery acid reaches level specified by battery manufacturer. This helps
purge excessive gas from cells. Do not overfill. For a battery without cell caps, carefully follow manufacturer's
recharging instructions.
5. Study all battery manufacturers' specific precautions such as removing or not removing cell caps while
charging and recommended rates of charge.
6. Be sure area around battery is well ventilated while battery is being charged. Gas can be forcefully blown
away by using a piece of cardboard or other nonmetallic material such as a fan.
7. Make sure the initial charging rate is not over battery manufacturer's suggestion.
CHARGER LOCATION
1. Locate charger as far away from battery as cables permit.
2. Never place charger directly above a battery being charged; gases from the battery will corrode and
damage charger.
3. Never allow battery acid to drip on charger when reading gravity or filling battery.
4. Do not operate charger in a closed-in area or restrict ventilation in any way. Marine batteries must be
removed and charged on shore.
5. Do not set a battery on top of charger.
DC CONNECTION PRECAUTIONS
1. Connect and disconnect DC output clips only after removing AC cord from electric outlet.
2. Never allow clips to touch each other.
3. Attach clips to battery posts and twist or rock back and forth several times to make a good connection. This
tends to keep clips from slipping off terminals and helps to reduce risk of sparking.
FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY IS INSTALLED IN VEHICLE. A SPARK NEAR BATTERY MAY CAUSE BATTERY
EXPLOSION.TO REDUCE RISK OF A SPARK NEAR BATTERY:
a. Position AC and DC cords to reduce risk of damage by hood, door, or moving engine part.
b. Stay clear of fan blades, belts, pulleys, and other parts that can cause injury to persons.
c. Check polarity of battery posts. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has larger diameter than
NEGATIVE (NEG, N,-) post.
d. Determine which post of battery is grounded (connected) to the chassis. If negative post is grounded
to chassis (as in most vehicles), see (e). If positive post is grounded to the chassis, see (f).
e. For negative-grounded vehicle, connect POSITIVE (RED) clip from battery charger to POSITIVE (POS,
P, +) ungrounded post of battery. Connect NEGATIVE (BLACK) clip to vehicle chassis or engine block
away from battery. Do not connect clip to carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts. Connect
to heavy gauge metal part of the frame or engine block.
f. For positive-grounded vehicle, connect NEGATIVE (BLACK) clip from battery charger to NEGATIVE
(NEG, N, -) ungrounded post of battery. Connect POSITIVE (RED) clip to vehicle chassis or engine
block away from battery. Do not connect clip to carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts.
Connect to a heavy gauge metal part of the frame or engine block.
g. When disconnecting charger, disconnect AC cord, remove clip from vehicle chassis, and then remove
clip from battery terminal.
h. See operating instructions for length of charge information.
i. Do not change the battery while the engine is operating.
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INTRODUCTION AND FEATURES
Thank you for selecting the Vector(r) Model VEC093 2/10/20/40 Amp 12 volt Smart Battery Charger with Engine
Start, Alternator Voltge Check and Battery Restore modes. With proper care and use, it will give you years of dependable service. This model battery charger has a high charge rate of up to 40 amps, and low charge rate of up to 2
amps. It is intended for charging only 12 volt lead-acid batteries - maintenance free, conventional automotive, marine
deep cycle and gel - that are usually used in cars, trucks, farm equipment, boats, RVs and SUVs, lawn mowers and
garden tractors, motorcycles, personal watercraft, snowmobiles, ATVs, trucks and various commercial applications.
Vector Smart Chargers are microprocessor-based and have a charge curve that has three stages. See Figure 2. Stage
One is essentially a constant current charge. This continues until the connected battery is about 85
percent charged. When Stage One ends, the charger briefly sounds a tone (beep) to indicate a change to
Stage Two, the Absorption Phase. This Stage is essentially a constant voltage phase and supplies approximately 10
percent of the charge. At the end of Stage Two, the charger changes output to Stage Three. Stage Three continues and
turns OFF when the battery reaches full charge. The CHARGING COMPLETE LED lights to indicate charging operation
is complete.
FIGURE 2 - CHARGE CURVE
Stage One
BEEP
BEEP
Stage Two
Stage Three
OFF
(CHARGING COMPLETE LED LIT)
FEATURES
The unit has four charge rate settings, with a 2/10/20/40 pushbutton charge rate switch:
a) 2 amps: smaller batteries as in lawn mowers, snowmobiles, motorcycles, etc.
b) 10 amps: middle sized batteries such as in small cars
c) 20 amps: automobile batteries.
d) 40 amps: large truck batteries, banks of RV batteries
• Microprocessor controlled for proper operation and for fault detection.
• Large Lighted Digital Display, shows charging current, and codes that indicate faults, and modes of operation
and timeout of functions.
• High Frequency operation for pure DC output.
• Rapid charging three stage output.
• Heavy-duty cables and clamps are corrosion-resistant for better connections.
• Connect to side- or top-mount battery terminals.
• Rugged case with baked on finish, plus sturdy carry handle.
• Self storage of cables and clamps.
• Ideal for charging during winter season when the starting performance of vehicle batteries is lowered by cold
or extreme weather conditions.
• Single beep tone indicates a button is pressed or a mode change occurs.
• Engine Start provides up to 100 amps of current to assist cranking the engine.
• Battery Restore mode provides desulfation of battery plates to improve battery performance.
• Alternator Voltage Check can confirm proper operation of the alternator and indicate less than full output.
•
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FIGURE 3A
(FRONT VIEW)
FIGURE 3B (REAR VIEW)
WARNINGS:
THERE ARE NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS IN THIS UNIT. IN THE EVENT OF ANY OPERATING PROBLEM
THAT THE UNIT'S BUILT-IN CIRCUIT PROTECTION CAN NOT HANDLE.
• DO NOT OPEN THE UNIT. IT MUST BE RETURNED TO VECTOR FOR PROFESSIONAL TESTING AND REPAIR.
OPENING THE UNIT WILL VOID THE MANUFACTURER'S WARRANTY. Contact the Vector Technical Support
Department at (954) 584-4446 or toll free at 866-584-5504 for further information.
•
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
There are five LED indicators and five switches that make up the controls and indicators for this charger. Every
time a pushbutton is pressed or the charger changes mode or charging stage, the charger sounds a single beep
tone. Refer to Figure 4A for locations of items on the Controls and Indicators panel.
FIGURE 4A
FIGURE 4B
Circulating pattern
From left to right the pushbuttons are:
ON/OFF - this prepares the charger to be placed in any of the operating modes. Pressing the ON/OFF pushbutton immediately stops any operating mode and the display shows the circulating pattern (Figure 4B).
Alternator Voltage Check enables a five second check that measures the battery voltage. This check is repeated at various electrical load levels and the tests allow the user to determine if the alternator can keep up with
the loads. It can indicate alternator service may be required.
Battery Recondition is an automatic mode that once started continues for 24 hours and then stops. A series of
electrical pulses breaks the crystalline form of lead sulfate to return these chemicals into useful service as part
of the battery chemistry.
2/10/20/40A allows the user to select the charger rate based on battery size. This selection and the actual bat-
tery charge rate are monitored by the microprocessor and the charger will stop charging if the rate is too fast
or too slow for the battery size or condition.
100 A to place the charger in an engine start sequence the charger must be in the 40 AMP charge mode. Once
this 100A button is pushed, the display will count down to “000.” When the “000” is reached, the Start Your
Engine LED will light. You may then start your vehicle.
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INDICATORS
THE LARGE 3-CHARACTER DIGITAL DISPLAY in the upper left hand corner of the panel indicates many conditions.
It indicates when AC power is applied to the charger, actual charge rate in amperes, when the battery is fully
charged, detected faults, operating modes and when the charger is ready for the next mode selection. What is
displayed are called “status codes”. They are described below (Figure 5) and on the rear of the charger, for
handy reference.
FIGURE 5
Below the Digital Display are a series of four LEDS that light on the following conditions:
FAULT - lights when a any of several faults are detected - see F01 through F05 Codes as described
above (If the Fault LED lights, refer to TROUBLESHOOTING for details)
REV POLARITY - Lights when the clamps are connected to incorrect polarity. Charging Complete lights
at same time the digital display shows”FUL”.
CHARGING COMPLETE - Indicates Battery is charged
ALTERNATOR GOOD - lights when this particular load check shows the alternator is keeping up with
the electrical load.
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CHARGE RATE SELECTION VEC093
After the clamps are connected, plug in the charger to an AC outlet and the charger will show a circulating
pattern on the Digital Display. This pattern indicates power is applied. Press the ON/OFF button to prepare the
charger to change to an operating mode. Press the 2/10/20/40 A button and the charger will begin charging at 2 Amps. Pressing the 2/10/20/40A switch again will advance the charge rate to 10A, then 20A, then
40A. Pressing the switch again will turn OFF the charger output and the display will show the circulating pattern, see Figure 4B.
Note that each time the charger rate is changed, the charger sounds a beep tone. The only time the selected
charge rate does not display at the full selected rate is when the battery is nearly full and charging at either
steps two or three. The display will be showing a slowing charge rate. To return to 2A, press the 2/10/20/40A
button. When the battery is fully charged, the charging Complete LED is lit and “FUL” is displayed on the
digital display.
CONNECTING IF BATTERY IS INSTALLED IN A VEHICLE
a) Check polarity of battery posts - For top-mounted battery connectors, the Positive post (marked POS, P, +)
usually has a larger diameter than the Negative battery post (marked NEG, N, -). For side-mounted battery
connectors, the terminals are marked Positive -red and Negative -black.
b) Attach charger clamps to battery connections, as follows, ensuring a good connection (if there is a mistake,
the Reverse Polarity Indicator will light): NEGATIVE-GROUNDED VEHICLE: Connect the POSITIVE (RED) charger
clamp to the POSITIVE (POS, P, +) ungrounded battery terminal. Then, connect the NEGATIVE (BLACK) charger
clamp to the vehicle chassis, or the engine block (away from the battery). Do not connect the clamp to the
carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts: connect only to a heavy gauge metal part of the frame or
engine block. NOTE: NEGATIVE-GROUNDED type systems are the most common in today's vehicles.
c) Set charger's Charge Rate to appropriate setting 2/10/20/40A according to battery size.
POSITIVE-GROUNDED VEHICLE: Connect the NEGATIVE (BLACK) charger clamp to the NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -
) ungrounded battery post. Then, connect the POSITIVE (RED) battery clamp to the vehicle chassis or engine
part (away from the battery). Do not connect the clamp to the carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts:
connect only to a heavy gauge, stable metal part of the frame or engine block.
NOTE: If there is any problem connecting the charger clamps to the battery terminals, contact the Vector
Technical Support Department toll-free at (866) 584-5504 for assistance.
d) Plug battery charger power cord into grounded AC power outlet and refer to Appendix A at the end of this
document for approximate charging times.
e) When charging is completed, disconnect cables and clamps in reverse order from which they were connected.
NOTE: Use of Extension Cords
If it is necessary to use an extension cord, as is often the case, observe the following important safety information:
• Before using any extension cord, ensure that the wire size is at least 10 AWG for up to 100 feet and 8 AWG
for longer than 100 feet.
• Use only a good quality, good condition, UL-approved extension cord, and ALWAYS connect charger to the
extension cord before plugging the extension cord into a 110/120 volt AC power outlet. The use of a poor
quality extension cord or one that is not in good repair could cause fire and/or electric shock.
• Use a three-wire extension cord with a 3-prong plug and 3-conductor socket.
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CONNECTING IF BATTERY IS OUTSIDE OF VEHICLE
a) Check polarity of battery posts- For top-mounted battery connectors, the positive post (marked POS, P, +)
usually has a larger diameter than the Negative battery post (marked NEG, N, –). For side-mounted battery
connections the Positive terminal is red, the Negative terminal is black.
b) Attach a 24-inch (minimum length) 6 AWG insulated battery cable to the Negative battery post (marked
NEG, N, –).
c) Connect the Positive (RED) battery clamp to the Positive battery connector (marked POS, P, + or red).
d) Stand as far back from battery as possible, and do not face battery when making final connection.
e) Carefully connect the Negative (BLACK) charger clamp to the free end of the battery cable connected to the
negative terminal. Connect the charger's power cord to a grounded 110/120 volt AC power outlet, and refer
to Appendix A for approximate charging times.
f) Set charger's charge rate to appropriate setting according to battery size.
g) When charging is complete, disconnect cables and clamps in reverse order from which they were connected.
CHARGING TIMES
The VEC093 is a fully automatic battery charger. It automatically adjusts the charge rate as the battery becomes
charged and stops charging when the battery is fully charged. If you require some estimate of the time it takes
to charge a battery refer to Appendix A for these details.
100A ENGINE START
The Engine Start Function can supply at least 100 Amps of current for engine starting. Follow all batter, frame
and AC connection precautions as if charging a battery in a vehicle. Observe the Reverse Polarity LED and digital display to make sure that faults are not indicated. Pressing the 100A pushbutton will immediately place the
charger in the 40 ampere charge mode. The digital display will indicate a countdown to “000.” This initial
charge on the battery makes sure that the battery is able to take a charge. When the “000” count is reached,
the Start Your Engine LED lights. This indicates that the high current circuit is enabled and will energize when
the engine starts cranking. Crank the engine using manufacturer’s guidelines, typically in 3 to 5 second bursts.
The high current engine starting function requires a rest/cooling period between tries. Wait 4 to 5 minutes
before a second attempt at starting the engine. During the rest period, the battery is charging at 40 amps.
Crank the engine until it starts.
After the engine starts, press the ON/OFF button, disconnect the charger from AC, then frame and
battery connections.
RECONDITION MODE
NOTE: BATTERY RECONDITION mode does not charge any battery. Charging is a separate operation. The battery to
be treated does not have to be installed in a vehicle. Follow the instructions for Connecting If Battery is Outside of Vehicle.
RECONDITION MODE should only be used with 10 Amp Hour or larger capacity lead-acid batteries. Charge the
battery to be treated for 20 minutes, before using RECONDITION Mode. Observe the Digital Display for any codes.
This initial charge will check the battery for shorted cells (F01), open cells or battery too low (or overcharged) to
accept a charge (F02), and to ensure the battery can take a charge. If code F03 is displayed, change modes to the
RECONDITION MODE.
Whenever a lead acid battery begins to discharge, lead sulfate, an insulator, begins to build up on the plates in the
battery. This reduces the ability of the battery to hold a full charge. When that battery has an immediate charge, most of
the lead sulfate is dissolved and the plates are freed of this insulation. If a battery remains in a discharged condition, the
lead sulfate changes to a hard crystalline form, making a full charge difficult. BATTERY RECONDITION mode sends a
sequence of electronic pulses into the battery, shaking loose and dissolving the crystals.
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This slowly (over 24 hours) removes the insulating buildup from the plates so the battery can hold a full charge. Most
automotive batteries (50 to 70AH) can be treated once to reduce the lead sulfate buildup. Smaller 12 volt batteries,
such as found in jump starters can be treated for 12 hours. However, depending on the severity of lead sulfate buildup
and a larger size of the battery, up to five 24 hour treatments may be necessary. Battery Recondition mode automatically operates and then times out after 24 hours. When a smaller battery is treated, Battery Recondition mode
can be manually stopped after 12 hours of treatment.
To start the RECONDITION MODE, press Battery Recondition. After 24 hours the timer will stop the operation
and the Digital Display will indicate F04 (timeout). Pressing the ON/OFF pushbutton stops the charger and
prepares the charger for the next operation. You will see the circulating pattern, see Figure 4B.
ALTERNATOR VOLTAGE CHECK
NOTE: This check is not accurate for every make, manufacturer and model of vehicle. There is wide variation in user-
controlled electrical loads, alternator output, and wiring. Other factors include battery condition, temperature, and
engine idle speed. It is recommended to check your alternator when it is known to be operating properly to verify that
this check is valid for your particular vehicle.
The ALTERNATOR VOLTAGE CHECK measures a defined range of voltage that is available from the fully
charged battery. The user must allow the engine to warm to normal operating temperature and achieve a normal idle speed. As many appliances as possible are turned off for the first part of the check to allow the battery to reach it’s highest voltage level.
The Alternator Voltage Check is only activated after 10 to 30 minutes of engine idle. If the ALTERNATOR GOOD
LED lights, then the ON/OFF button is pressed to stop the check. Alternator Voltage Check is then repeated
after many appliances are turned on to check the alternator output under a greater load. If the first (unloaded)
and second (loaded) checks indicate the alternator is good, then the entire procedure should be repeated
again. If after all appliances are turned on (except for air conditioning and defroster), and the check shows
Alternater Good LED lights, it is likely that the alternator is good.
NOTE: Do not turn on air conditioning, or the defroster system to load the alternator. These appliances may start
operating in the middle of a measurement cycle and give an invalid results.
If the first check indicates the alternator is good, and the second or third repeat of the check indicates the alternator is bad, there probably is some problem in the system. Problems can range from loose fan belts to a diode
going bad in the alternator. To begin the check press Alternator and to stop the check press ON/OFF. Note that
the FAULT light will light when the Alternator is bad; a good Alternator will light the Alternator Good LED.
NOTE: Do not charge the battery while waiting for the engine to warm. This will invalidate any alternator
voltage check. The Digital Display should show the circulating pattern while the engine is warming.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
With only minimal maintenance, this Vector 2/10/20/40 Smart Battery Charger will deliver years of dependable
service. Follow these simple steps to maintain the charger in optimum condition:
• After each use, clean the battery charger clamps - be sure to remove any battery fluid that will cause corrosion
of the copper clamps.
• Clean the outside case of the charger with a soft cloth and, if necessary, mild soap solution.
• Keep the charger cords loosely coiled during storage to prevent damage to the cords. Do not use the charger
if cords or clamps have been damaged in any way - call Vector Technical Support Department toll-free at
(866) 584-5504 for details on replacing cords and clamps.
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TROUBLESHOOTING - FAULT LED LIT
NOTE: Batteries below 4.0 Volts will not allow the charger to operate. Make sure the battery has at least 4 Volts
if charger will not charge.
The following conditions may light the FAULT LED:
• Poor connection to the battery (or frame).
• Charging too fast - Decrease Charge Rate - Press 2/10/20/40A Push button to select lower rate.
• Charging too slowly - Battery is large and did not complete charging in 24 hours - Press 2/10/20/40A
to charge at a faster rate.
• Shorted battery cell - Replace the battery.
• Open battery Cell - Replace the battery.
• Battery sulfated - have the battery serviced or replace the battery.
• Reverse Polarity LED LIT - disconnect AC then reverse clamp locations on battery and frame.
• Internal over-heat in charger-make sure fan is not blocked.
Try charging another battery, if the FAULT LED does not light, then one of the above problems exists. Charger
will not charge and the fan will not operate if there is a fault. Call Vector Technical Support.
SULFATED BATTERY (F03)
When batteries are left in a discharged state for a long period of time, they become "sulfated". Sulfated batteries
cannot accept a high rate of charge since the internal plates are coated with lead sulphate. To see if a battery
in this condition can be "saved", follow the instructions in battery restore.
INTERNAL SHORT CELL BATTERY (F01)
• If the battery being charged has been short-circuited, the fault LED will light.
• If FAULT LED light comes on, we recommend that you take your battery to a certified automotive service center
for evaluation.
BATTERY NOT ACCEPTING A CHARGE
• Make sure that the charger is plugged into a "live" 110/120 volt AC outlet and POWER LED is lit
• Unplug charger and check battery connections - ensure that there is a good connection with the battery
terminal and/or vehicle chassis.
• Check to be sure that the battery is not sulfated.
• Check that the correct charge rate has been selected for the battery being charged.
• Ensure that enough charging time has been allowed for-check table in Appendix A for approximate charging times.
VERY COLD BATTERY
If the battery to be charged is extremely cold (in temperatures less than freezing - 0º C/32º F) it cannot accept
a high rate of charge, so the initial charge rate will be slow. The rate of charge will increase as the battery warms.
WARNING: DO NOT attempt to charge a frozen battery.
CHARGER FAILS TO CHARGE AND DISPLAYS AN F02 CODE:
This can mean several things, including no connection to a battery, but it can also occur if the battery is both
discharged and under a loading situation. This can happen if an accessory (dome light, radio, etc.) is on and remains
on while attempting to charge. It can also happen if a diode in the alternator is leaky and has totally discharged
the battery the battery to a voltage of less than 4 volts. The best remedy for this situation is to remove one of the
two cables from the battery and allow the battery to self recover to a voltage of above 4 volts DC. The battery may
take several hours or more to recover to this voltage which then allows the charger to operate. Once the battery has
recovered enough to allow charging, it is best to charge at the lowest possible charge rate. Even at that, it may take
a few charging cycles to make the battery fully recover from such a deeply discharges state. NOTE: Non-deep cycle
batteries that have been deeply discharged may NEVER fully recover to their original ampere hour capacity and should
be considered as suspect, especially in critical application. Additionally, if a battery does not self-recover to a voltage
of 4 volts or more, it is doubtful that it can ever be fully re-charged and considered reliable. Further, batteries that
have been fully discharged and allowed to remain so for extended periods of time, should be considered suspect and
reconditioned or replaced.
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APPENDIX A — CHARGING TIMES
To calculate the approximate charging time required to fully charge a battery, it is necessary to determine the
specific gravity (or, percent of battery charge) using a hydrometer. Use this technique if battery vent caps can
be removed. Check each cell. If there is one cell with a very low specific gravity compared to the other cells,
there is probably a shorted cell in the battery. Replace the battery.
The following chart converts hydrometer readings into percent of charge values.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
(HYDROMETER READING)
PERCENT OF CHARGE PERCENT OF CHARGE NEEDED
IN BATTERY
BY BATTERY
1.265
1.225
1.190
1.155
1.120
100%
75%
50%
25%
0%
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
Refer to the chart below for approximate charging times.
PERCENT OF CHARGE
2 AMPS
10 AMPS
20 AMPS
40 AMPS*
75%
50%
25%
0%
6.5 HRS
1.8 HRS
1 HRS
NR**
12 HRS
3.0 HRS
1.5 HRS
NR**
NR***
4.5 HRS
3 HRS
NR**
NR***
6 HRS
3.5 HRS
NR**
* For Charging Batteries 80 to 100 AH
** Not Recommended for more than 1 hour
*** Not Recommended because of the 18 hour charge time
The times shown in the chart above are approximate and refer to an average automotive battery. For smaller
batteries, the charge time should be adjusted using the formula shown below and adding 1 hour to the time
calculated.
To estimate charging time for a discharged battery, divide the AH rating of the battery by the charge rate selected.
This is the number of hours required to recharge the battery. For example, a 50 AH (12 volt) battery is
discharged (10 volts). How long should it be charged at the 20 Amp rate. Divide the 50 AH by 20. The answer
is approximately 2.5 hours. Always round up the charge time by 10% to ensure full charge. In most cases, battery recharge times will vary depending on the age and condition of the battery. Smaller batteries should be
charged at a lower rate (2 Amps) and add an extra hour to charge time.
APPENDIX B
Your VEC093 charger is NOT recommended for float charge applications. It is intended for single application
charging and as such, turns off COMPLETElY at the completion of a full charge cycle and will NOT turn
itself back on even if the battery voltage drops. If vehicles, RVs, snowmobiles etc. are going to be stored for
extended periods of time, we recommend that you charge the battery at a low to medium rate on a bi-monthly
basis to keep it fresh. Avoid high rate charging for stored batteries.
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VEC093
A062003
VECTOR 5 YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY PROGRAM
This limited warranty program is the only one that applies to this product, and it sets forth all the responsibilities of
Vector Manufacturing, Ltd., regarding this product. There is no other warranty, other than described herein.
This Vector Manufacturing, Ltd. product is warranted, to the original purchaser only, to be free of defects in materials and
workmanship for five year from the date of purchase without additional charge. The warranty does not extend to
subsequent purchasers or users. Vector Manufacturing, Ltd. will not be responsible for any amount of damage in excess
of the retail purchase price of the product under any circumstances. Incidental and consequential damages are
specifically excluded from coverage under this warranty.
This product is not intended for commercial use. This warranty does not apply to accessories or damage to units
from misuse or incorrect installation. Misuse includes wiring or connecting to improper polarity power sources.
RETURN/REPAIR POLICY: Defective products, other than accessories, may be returned postage prepaid to Vector
Manufacturing. Any defective product, other than accessories, that is returned to Vector Manufacturing within 30
days of the date of purchase will be replaced free of charge. If such a product is returned more than 30 days but
less than five year from the purchase date, Vector Manufacturing will repair the unit or, at its option, replace it free
of charge.
If the unit is repaired, new or reconditioned replacement parts may be used, at Vector Manufacturing’s option. A
unit may be replaced with a new or reconditioned unit of the same or comparable design. The repaired or replaced
unit will then be warranted under the terms of the remainder of the warranty period. The customer is responsible for
the shipping charges on all returned items after 30 days. During the warranty period, Vector Manufacturing, Ltd.
will be responsible for the return shipping charges.
LIMITATIONS: This warranty does not cover accessories, bulbs, fuses and batteries, defects resulting from normal wear
and tear (including chips, scratches, abrasions, discoloration or fading due to usage or exposure to sunlight),
accidents, damage during shipping to our service facility, alterations, unauthorized use or repair, neglect, misuse,
abuse, failure to follow instructions for care and maintenance, fire, flood and Acts of God.
If your problem is not covered by this warranty, call our Technical Support Department at (954) 584-4446 or toll
free at 866-584-5504 for general repair information and charges if applicable. You may also contact us through
our website at www.vectormfg.com.
STATE LAW RIGHTS: This warranty gives you specific legal rights. Some states do not allow limitations on how long
an implied warranty lasts or the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the exclusions or
limitations stated herein may not apply. This warranty gives the purchaser specific legal rights; other rights, which
vary from state to state, may apply.
TO REQUEST WARRANTY SERVICE FOR THIS PRODUCT: Contact Vector Manufacturing Technical Support by telephone, fax
or mail. We suggest that you keep the original packaging in case you need to ship the unit. When returning a
product, include your name, address, phone number, dated sales receipt (or copy) and a description of the reason
for return and product serial number. After repairing or replacing the unit, we will make every effort to return it to
you within four weeks.
WARRANTY ACTIVATION: Please complete Warranty Activation Card and mail to Vector Manufacturing. Enter
“VEC093” as Model and 12V Automatic Battery Charger 2/10/20/40A as “Product Type”. All Vector
Manufacturing, Ltd. products must be registered within 10 days of purchase to activate this warranty. Mail the
completed registration form, along with a copy of the original sales receipt to:
ATTN.: CUSTOMER SERVICE / VECTOR MANUFACTURING, Ltd.
4140 SW 28th Way, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33312
PH: 954-584-4446 • TOLL FREE: 866-584-5504 • Fax: 954-584-5556.
You may also contact us at our web site www.vectormfg.com.
WARRANTY IS NON-TRANSFERABLE AND NON-REFUNDABLE.
AHB 062003
12
VEC093
A062003
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