MOTU 896HD
™
User’s Guide for Macintosh
1280 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
Business voice: (617) 576-2760
Business fax: (617) 576-3609
Technical support: (617) 576-3066
Tech support fax: (617) 354-3068
Tech support email: techsupport@motu.com
Web site: www.motu.com
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRICAL SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR OTHER MOISTURE.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE COVER. NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
WARNING: DO NOT PERMIT FINGERS TO TOUCH THE TERMINALS OF PLUGS WHEN INSTALLING OR REMOVING THE PLUG TO OR FROM THE OUTLET.
WARNING: IF NOT PROPERLY GROUNDED THE MOTU 896HD COULD CAUSE AN ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
The MOTU 896HD is equipped with a three-conductor cord and grounding type plug which has a grounding prong, approved by Underwriters' Laboratories and the Canadian Standards Association.
This plug requires a mating three-conductor grounded type outlet as shown in Figure A below.
If the outlet you are planning to use for the MOTU 896HD is of the two prong type, DO NOT REMOVE OR ALTER THE GROUNDING PRONG IN ANY MANNER. Use an adapter as shown below
and always connect the grounding lug to a known ground. It is recommended that you have a qualified electrician replace the TWO prong outlet with a properly grounded THREE prong outlet. An
adapter as illustrated below in Figure B is available for connecting plugs to two-prong receptacles.
Figure A
Figure B
Grounding lug
Screw
Make sure this is connected to a
known ground.
3-prong plug
3-prong plug
Grounding prong
Two-prong receptacle
Properly grounded 3-prong outlet
Adapter
WARNING: THE GREEN GROUNDING LUG EXTENDING FROM THE ADAPTER MUST BE CONNECTED TO A PERMANENT GROUND SUCH AS TO A
PROPERLY GROUNDED OUTLET BOX. NOT ALL OUTLET BOXES ARE PROPERLY GROUNDED.
If you are not sure that your outlet box is properly grounded, have it checked by a qualified electrician. NOTE: The adapter illustrated is for use only if you already have a properly grounded two-prong
receptacle. Adapter is not allowed in Canada by the Canadian Electrical Code. Use only three wire extension cords which have three-prong grounding type plugs and three-prong receptacles which
will accept the MOTU 896HD plug.
IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Read instructions - All the safety and operating instructions should be read before operating the MOTU 896HD.
Retain instructions - The safety instructions and owner's manual should be retained for future reference.
Heed Warnings - All warnings on the MOTU 896HD and in the owner's manual should be adhered to.
Follow Instructions - All operating and use instructions should be followed.
Cleaning - Unplug the MOTU 896HD from the computer before cleaning and use a damp cloth. Do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners.
Overloading - Do not overload wall outlets and extension cords as this can result in a risk of fire or electrical shock.
Power Sources - This MOTU 896HD should be operated only from the type of power source indicated on the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power supply to your location, consult your local power company.
Power-Cord Protection - Power-supply cords should be routed so that they are not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed upon or against them. Pay particular attention to cords and plugs, convenience receptacles, and
the point where they exit from the MOTU 896HD.
9. Lightning - For added protection for the MOTU 896HD during a lightning storm, unplug it from the wall outlet.This will prevent damage to the MOTU 896HD due to lightning and power line surges.
10. Servicing - Do not attempt to service this MOTU 896HD yourself as opening or removing covers will expose you to dangerous voltage and other hazards. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
11. Damage Requiring Service - Unplug the MOTU 896HD from the computer and refer servicing to qualified service personnel under the following conditions.
a. When the power supply cord or plug is damaged.
b. If liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the MOTU 896HD.
c. If the MOTU 896HD has been exposed to rain or water.
d. If the MOTU 896HD does not operate normally by following the operating instructions in the owner's manual.
e. If the MOTU 896HD has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged.
f. When the MOTU 896HD exhibits a distinct change in performance, this indicates a need for service.
12. Replacement Parts - When replacement parts are required, be sure the service technician has used replacement parts specified by the manufacturer or have the same characteristics as the original part. Unauthorized substitutions
may result in fire, electric shock or other hazards.
13. Safety Check - Upon completion of any service or repairs to this MOTU 896HD, ask the service technician to perform safety checks to determine that the product is in safe operating conditions.
ENVIRONMENT
Operating Temperature: 10°C to 40°C (50°F to 104°)
AVOID THE HAZARDS OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND FIRE
Do not handle the power cord with wet hands. Do not pull on the power cord when disconnecting it from an AC wall outlet. Grasp it by the plug.
INPUT
Line Voltage: 100 - 120 volts AC, RMS (US and Japan) or 220 - 250 volts AC, RMS (Europe). Frequency: 47 - 63 Hz single phase. Power: 7 watts maximum.
CAUTION: DANGER OF EXPLOSION IF BATTERY IS REPLACED. REPLACE ONLY WITH THE SAME OR EQUIVALENT TYPE RECOMMENDED BYMANUFACTURER. DISPOSE OF USED BATTERY ACCORDING TO MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS.
Contents
5
Quick Reference: 896HD
Front Panel
6
Quick Reference: 896HD Rear
Panel
7
Quick Reference:
MOTU FireWire Audio
Console
9
About the 896HD
13
Packing List and
Macintosh System
Requirements
15
Installing the 896HD
Hardware
33
Installing the 896HD
Macintosh Software
37
MOTU FireWire Audio
Console
(Mac OS X)
45
MOTU FireWire Control
Panel
(Mac OS 9)
53
Digital Performer
61
AudioDesk
69
Other Mac OS X Audio
Software
75
Cubase, Nuendo and OS 9
ASIO Software
85
Reducing Monitoring
Latency
93
CueMix Console
101
Troubleshooting
III
About the Mark of the Unicorn License Agreement and
Limited Warranty on Software
TO PERSONS WHO PURCHASE OR USE THIS PRODUCT: carefully read all the
terms and conditions of the “click-wrap” license agreement presented to you when
you install the software. Using the software or this documentation indicates your
acceptance of the terms and conditions of that license agreement.
Mark of the Unicorn, Inc. (“MOTU”) owns both this program and its documentation.
Both the program and the documentation are protected under applicable copyright,
trademark, and trade-secret laws.Your right to use the program and the
documentation are limited to the terms and conditions described in the license
agreement.
Reminder of the terms of your license
This summary is not your license agreement, just a reminder of its terms.The actual
license can be read and printed by running the installation program for the software.
That license agreement is a contract, and clicking “Accept” binds you and MOTU to
all its terms and conditions. In the event anything contained in this summary is
incomplete or in conflict with the actual click-wrap license agreement, the terms of the
click-wrap agreement prevail.
YOU MAY: (a) use the enclosed program on a single computer; (b) physically transfer
the program from one computer to another provided that the program is used on only
one computer at a time and that you remove any copies of the program from the
computer from which the program is being transferred; (c) make copies of the
program solely for backup purposes.You must reproduce and include the copyright
notice on a label on any backup copy.
YOU MAY NOT: (a) distribute copies of the program or the documentation to others;
(b) rent, lease or grant sublicenses or other rights to the program; (c) provide use of
the program in a computer service business, network, time-sharing, multiple CPU or
multiple user arrangement without the prior written consent of MOTU; (d) translate,
adapt, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, or otherwise alter the program or
related documentation without the prior written consent of MOTU.
MOTU warrants to the original licensee that the disk(s) on which the program is
recorded be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use for a
period of ninety (90) days from the date of purchase as evidenced by a copy of your
receipt. If failure of the disk has resulted from accident, abuse or misapplication of the
product, then MOTU shall have no responsibility to replace the disk(s) under this
Limited Warranty.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY AND RIGHT OF REPLACEMENT IS IN LIEU OF,
AND YOU HEREBY WAIVE, ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, BOTH
EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE
LIABILITY OF MOTU PURSUANT TO THIS LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL BE
LIMITED TO THE REPLACEMENT OF THE DEFECTIVE DISK(S), AND IN NO
EVENT SHALL MOTU OR ITS SUPPLIERS, LICENSORS, OR AFFILIATES BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING
BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF USE, LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF DATA OR
DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE, OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY THIRD
PARTIES EVEN IF MOTU HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGES. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS
WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW
THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Update Policy
In order to be eligible to obtain updates of the program, you must complete and return
the attached Mark of the Unicorn Purchaser Registration Card to MOTU.
Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2003 by Mark of the Unicorn, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system,
or translated into any human or computer language, in any form or by any means
whatsoever, without express written permission of Mark of the Unicorn, Inc., 1280
IV
Massachusetts
Avenue, Cambridge, MA, 02138, U.S.A.
Limited Warranty on Hardware
Mark of the Unicorn, Inc. and S&S Research (“MOTU/S&S”) warrant this equipment
against defects in materials and workmanship for a period of NINETY (90) DAYS
from the date of original retail purchase. This warranty applies only to hardware
products; MOTU software is licensed and warranted pursuant to separate written
statements.
If you discover a defect, first write or call Mark of the Unicorn at (617) 576-2760 to
obtain a Return Merchandise Authorization Number. No service will be performed on
any product returned without prior authorization. MOTU will, at its option, repair or
replace the product at no charge to you, provided you return it during the warranty
period, with transportation charges prepaid, to Mark of the Unicorn, Inc., 1280
Massachusetts Avenue, MA 02138.You must use the product’s original packing
material for in shipment, and insure the shipment for the value of the product. Please
include your name, address, telephone number, a description of the problem, and
the original, dated bill of sale with the returned unit and print the Return Merchandise
Authorization Number on the outside of the box below the shipping address.
This warranty does not apply if the equipment has been damaged by accident,
abuse, misuse, or misapplication; has been modified without the written permission
of MOTU, or if the product serial number has been removed or defaced.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE
LIMITED IN DURATION TO NINETY (90) DAYS FROM THE DATE OF THE
ORIGINAL RETAIL PURCHASE OF THIS PRODUCT.
THE WARRANTY AND REMEDIES SET FORTH ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE
AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHERS, ORAL OR WRITTEN, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
No MOTU/S&S dealer, agent, or employee is authorized to make any modification,
extension, or addition to this warranty.
MOTU/S&S ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ANY BREACH OF
WARRANTY, OR UNDER ANY LEGAL THEORY, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS,
DOWNTIME, GOODWILL, DAMAGE OR REPLACEMENT OF EQUIPMENT
AND PROPERTY AND COST OF RECOVERING REPROGRAMMING, OR
REPRODUCING ANY PROGRAM OR DATA STORED IN OR USED WITH
MOTU/S&S PRODUCTS.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for
incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not
apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other
rights which vary from state to state.
MOTU, AudioDesk, MOTU, Mark of the Unicorn and the unicorn silhouette logo are
trademarks of Mark of the Unicorn, Inc.
This equipment has been type tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio
or television equipment reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by any combination of the following measures:
• Relocate or reorient the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
• Plug the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected
If necessary, you can consult a dealer or experienced radio/television technician for additional
assistance.
PLEASE NOTE: only equipment certified to comply with Class B (computer input/output devices,
terminals, printers, etc.) should be attached to this equipment, and it must have shielded interface
cables in order to comply with the Class B FCC limits on RF emissions.
WARNING: changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This toggle switch provides
phantom power for a
condenser mic plugged into
this input. Up is on.
If you have +4 inputs for which you’d like to maintain unity gain (for levels up to
+18dBu), set the rear-panel 3-way switch to +4/FIXED. You can use either an
XLR or quarter-inch plug.
For -10dB (unbalanced) inputs (like synths) or +4 (balanced) signals, set the rear
panel 3-way switch to LINE and use the trim knob to adjust the level.You can use
either an XLR or quarter-inch plug. (Note: the complete trim range, from all the
way down with the MIC setting to all the way up with the LINE setting is around
55dB total. The MIC setting provides a 40dB range (approximately -37dBu to
+5dBu) and the LINE setting offers a 30dB range (approximately -16dBu to
+15dBu) with some overlap between them.)
For a microphone or unamplified instrument pickup, set the rear-panel 3-way
switch to MIC, plug in your mic (XLR or quarter-inch plug) flip on 48V phantom
power (if necessary) and use the trim knob as needed to adjust the level.
These eight trim knobs provide gain adjustment within a range of about 42dB for
each analog input (when the 3-way switch on the rear panel is set to either MIC
or LINE. If the 3-way switch is set to +4/FIXED, the corresponding front-panel
trim pots is bypassed). Because each input also has a microphone preamp, you
can plug just about anything into them: a microphone, a guitar, a synth — you
name it.
FireWire is a “plug-and-play” protocol. That means that you can turn
off the MOTU 896HD and turn it
back on (or even unplug it) without
restarting your computer. Keep in
mind, however, that if you wish to
change the MOTU 896HD’s settings
in the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console, the MOTU 896HD needs to
be plugged in and switched on.
If the toggle switch is down, the volume knob affects the headphone out (and the main outs operate at a fixed volume). If
the toggle switch is up, the volume knob controls the main outs and the headphone out. Analog input meters 7-8 display
the current headphone (7) and main out (8) volume setting as you turn the volume knob. Push the volume knob to cycle
through the various settings for the programmable meters (both the 8-channel bank and the stereo AES/EBU meters).
Connect a standard foot switch
here for hands-free punch-in and
punch-out during recording. For
details about how to set this up, see
“Enable Pedal” on page 43.
This is a standard quarterinch stereo headphone
jack. From the factory, it
matches the signal going
to the main outs. However,
via software, you can
program it to serve as its
own independent output.
These meters display
the level for the
896HD’s main outs.
These lights indicate the global sample rate at which the
MOTU 896HD is operating. Use the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console to set the sample rate or to choose an external clock
source, from which the sample rate will be set. When no
sample clock is currently present, these lights flash. For
example, if you’ve set the MOTU 896HD to slave to an external clock, such as ADAT, but there is no clock signal currently
being detected, these lights will flash.
These meters can be programmed to display either
AES/EBU input or output. Use the MOTU FireWire
Audio Console to choose. The LEDs to the right
indicate what you are currently monitoring.
The MOTU 896HD provides four
independent mix buses. Via the
included CueMix Console software,
these four busses can be programmed
to mix any combination of the 896HD’s
18 inputs to any output pair of your
choosing. The MONITOR LEVEL knob lets
you control the volume of each mix from
the front panel. Push the knob repeatedly to cycle among the four different
mixes (1, 2, 3 or 4). When you do so, the
analog input meters (1-4) show the
current volume setting, with the red clip
light illuminated over the bus you are
currently adjusting when you turn the
knob. The programmable meter bank
provides live metering for each bus.
This bank of level meters can be programmed to
display one of three different banks: analog output,
ADAT optical input, or ADAT optical output. Use the
MOTU FireWire Audio Console to choose which bank
you’d like to view with these meters. The LEDs to the
left show which bank you are currently monitoring.
These meters can also provide stereo output metering for the 896HD’s on-board mix busses (by pressing the MONITOR LEVEL knob).
The light that is illuminated here tells
you which bank (analog in, ADAT in, or
ADAT out) you are monitoring with the
programmable meter bank to the right.
Quick Reference: 896HD Front Panel
These 10-segment level meters are dedicated to the 896HD’s
eight analog inputs. The top red ‘over’ LED lights up when the
signal reaches full scale—for even just one sample—and
remains illuminated until you clear it in the software. The second
‘over’ LED below only lights up momentarily so that you can
continue to adjust level even after clipping has just occurred.
These level meters can also show you the current volume setting
for the 896HD’s four on-board mix busses. To view the bus
volume settings, push the MONITOR LEVEL knob.
0
Use the word clock
input and output for
digital transfers with
devices that cannot
slave to the clock
supplied by their
digital I/O connection
with the 896HD.
MIC: This setting feeds the input signal (XLR or quarter-inch) to the built-in preamp for additional gain. Use it
for any microphone or unamplified instrument pickup. Engage phantom power for condenser mics with the
front-panel 48V switch (up is on). Use the corresponding front-panel trim knob and level meter to adjust the
input level as needed. This setting offers a trim range of around 40dB (approximately -37dBu to +5dBu).
+4 / FIXED: Use this setting for +4 balanced inputs for which you do not wish to modify the gain. This position
disengages the front panel trim knob. This setting also provides slightly more attenuation than the LINE
setting, allowing levels up to +18dBu.
LINE: Use this setting for +4dB or -10dB inputs, such as synthesizers or consumer audio equipment. Adjust the
input level as needed with the corresponding front panel Trim control and level meter for this input. This
setting offers a trim range of around 30dB (approximately -16dBu to +15dBu).
These eight analog inputs are Neutrik™ combo connectors that accept either an XLR plug or a quarter-inch
plug. They have 24-bit, 64x oversampling converters. Each input is equipped with a 3-way input level switch
with three settings:
The MOTU 896HD’s eight analog outputs are XLR connectors
with +4 / -10 switchable output (600 Ohm impedance).They
are equipped with 24-bit, 128x oversampling enhanced
multibit A/D converters capable of 192kHz recording.
If you are using the MOTU 896HD with an ADAT, use this standard ADAT SYNC INPUT to connect the MOTU 896HD to the end of your ADAT
sync chain. For example, if you have three ADATs, chain the ADATs in the usual fashion (SYNC OUT to SYNC IN, etc.), and then connect the
last ADAT’s SYNC OUT to this SYNC IN.This connection allows you to make sample-accurate audio transfers between AudioDesk (or other
sample-accurate software) and the ADATs. If you have a MOTU MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece, make it the master of the ADAT
SYNC chain so that you can control everything from AudioDesk (or your other MIDI Machine Control compatible software).
These ADAT optical digital I/O
connectors can be connected
either to an ADAT or any ADATcompatible “lightpipe” device
(such as a digital mixer). ADAT
optical supplies eight channels of
24-bit digital I/O at 44.1 or 48kHz.
It carries 4 channels of 24-bit
digital I/O at 88.2 or 96kHz. (it is
disabled at the 4x sample rates.)
These two XLR jacks serve as
the MOTU 896HD’s main
analog outputs. You can
connect them to a set of
powered studio monitors and
then control the volume from
the front panel Volume knob.
At the 4x sample rates (176.4
or 192kHz), these jacks always
mirror the headphone output.
Quick Reference: 896HD Rear Panel
Connect the MOTU 896HD to the computer here using the
standard 1394 FireWire cable provided with your MOTU 896HD.
Use the extra FireWire port to daisy-chain up to four 896HD’s to
a single FireWire bus. You can also connect a MOTU 828,
FireWire hard drive or other FireWire device. For details, see
“Connecting multiple MOTU FireWire interfaces” on page 31.
The 896HD power supply is
switchable between 110V and
220V operation. It should
already be set to the proper
voltage for your country, but
you can check the setting and
adjust it if necessary with the
red switch just to the left of
this power cord receptacle (on
the side of the metal chassis).
These AES/EBU connectors can
handle any supported sample rate
up to 96 kHz, and they are also
equipped with a sample rate
converter so you can input or
output at a different rate than the
896HD. For details, see “Syncing
AES/EBU devices” on page 26. At
the 4x sample rates, (176.4 and
192kHz), AES/EBU is disabled.
0
Quick Reference:
CHAPTER FireWire Audio Console
MOTU
If you are running under Mac OS 9, and any of these settings are grayed
out (not available), see “If 896HD settings are grayed out” on page 51.
Determines the clock source for your 896HD. If
you’re just using the 896HD by itself, choose
Internal. Use the other settings to resolve the
896HD to other devices. You can also resolve
the 896HD to another audio device (such as a
PCI-424 system), or even the Mac’s built-in
audio. Doing so ensures that 896HD audio will
not drift apart from the other device during
long playback or recording passes.
This menu lets you choose what you will
hear from the headphone jack.To mirror the
main outs, choose Main Outs. Or you can
mirror any other output pair. To hear the
phones as their own independent output,
choose Phones.
If you are running the 896HD interface at a 2x
or 4x sample rate (88.2 to 192kHz), this
option appears at the bottom of the interface
settings. It lets you choose a word clock
output rate that either matches the global
sample rate (e.g. 192kHz) or forces a word
clock output rate of either 44.1 or 48kHz.
Click the tabs to access general
MOTU FireWire interface settings
or settings specific to the 896HD
(or other connected interface.)
Choose the global sample rate
for the system here.
Specifies the stereo input and
output pair when the 896HD is
chosen for Mac OS X audio I/O in
the System Preferences. NOTE: see
system requirements below.*
Enables or disables the 896HD’s
ADAT optical I/O.Turning them off
frees up FireWire bandwidth.
Provides several options for the
MOTU 896HD’s AES/EBU sample
rate conversion. See, “Syncing
AES/EBU devices” on page 26.
Lets you choose what to monitor
with the 896HD’s programmable
front panel meters.
The Clip Hold Time controls how
long the top-most red LED
remains illuminated after
clipping. Choose ‘Infinite’ if you
want to be able to clear the LED
from Digital Performer. The Peak
Hold Time controls how long the
highest illuminated LED remains
lit before going dark.
Click the General tab to access these settings.
If you are using the 896HD
with Mac OS 9, see chapter 6,
“MOTU FireWire Control Panel
(Mac OS 9)” (page 45).
Check this option if you would like the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console icon to appear in the
application dock as soon as a MOTU FireWire interface is detected (switched on, plugged in, etc.)
*NOTE: the Default Stereo Input/Output
menus only appear with the following
minimum system requirements:
■
Mac OS X 10.2.7 is installed with
QuickTime 6.4 or later, OR
■
Mac OS X 10.3 (aka Panther) or later
If you have a foot switch
connected to the 896HD, these
settings let you map the foot
switch to any computer keyboard
key for both the up and down
position. For details about how to
set this up, see “Enable Pedal” on
page 43.
Lets you edit the names of the
896HD inputs and outputs, as
they appear in your host audio
software. These names will only
appear in programs that support
Mac OS X’s port naming features.
In the standard Mac OS X fashion, the console appears in the dock when you launch it.
If the Launch console automatically option is checked (as shown above), the icon
appears as soon as you switch on your 896HD interface. If you click and hold on the
dock icon (instead of clicking it) or control-click, a menu of hardware settings appears
as shown to the right. You can view and configure any hardware settings from this
menu, without opening the console window.
7
8
CHAPTER 1
About the 896HD
OVERVIEW
The 896HD is a computer-based hard disk
recording system for Mac OS and Windows that
provides 18 separate inputs and 22 separate
outputs (at 44.1 or 48kHz), including separate
main outs and headphone out. All inputs and
outputs can be accessed simultaneously. The
896HD consists of a standard 19-inch, doublespace, rack-mountable I/O unit that connects
directly to a computer via a standard IEEE 1394
FireWire™ cable. The 896HD offers the following:
■
Operation at 44.1, 48, 88.2, 96, 176.4 or 192 kHz
Eight 24-bit analog outputs individually
switchable between +4 and -10dB operation
■
Eight 24-bit analog inputs equipped with
Neutrik “combo” jacks and independent 3-way
level switch for MIC, LINE or +4/FIXED inputs
■
■
Eight-channel ADAT optical digital I/O
■
AES/EBU with sample rate conversion
■
Two extra analog main outs
■
Eight mic preamps (one on each input)
■
Independent 48V phantom power for each input
■
Independent front-panel trim for each input
■
Sample-accurate ADAT sync input
■
Word clock input and output
■
Two FireWire jacks for chaining multiple units
■
Foot switch input for hands-free punch-in/out
■
Front-panel Headphone jack
■
Main volume knob (for headphone + main outs)
■
CueMix™ DSP no-latency monitoring
■
10-segment LED level meters for each input
■ 10-segment programmable LEDs for analog
output, ADAT input or ADAT output
10-segment programmable LEDs for AES/EBU
input or output
■
■
Switchable power supply (110V or 220V)
With a variety of I/O formats, mic preamps, nolatency monitoring of live input and synchronization capabilities, the 896HD is a complete,
portable “studio in a box” when used with a
Macintosh or Windows computer. The 896HD
system includes AudioDesk™, full-featured audio
workstation software for Mac OS that supports
both 16-bit and 24-bit recording. Also included is
an ASIO driver for multi-channel operation with
any Macintosh audio software that supports ASIO
drivers.
THE 896HD I/O REAR PANEL
The 896HD rear panel has the following
connectors:
Eight 24-bit XLR analog outputs, each equipped
with an independent 2-way output level switch (+4
or -10dB)
■
Eight 24-bit Neutrik “combo” (XLR + balanced
quarter-inch) analog inputs, each equipped with
an independent 3-way level switch (MIC, LINE,
+4/FIXED), mic preamp, front-panel 48V
phantom power switch, and front-panel trim knob
■
■ One set of ADAT optical ‘light pipe’ connectors
(8 channels of ADAT optical input and output at
44.1/48kHz and 4 channels at 88.2/96kHz)
■
AES/EBU input and output
9
■ Two XLR main analog outputs with volume
knob (on the front panel)
■
One 9-pin ADAT SYNC IN connector
■
BNC word clock input and output
■
Two 1394 FireWire jacks
18 inputs and 22 outputs
All 896HD inputs and outputs can be used simultaneously, for a total of 18 inputs and 22 outputs at
44.1/48kHz:
Connection
Input
Output
24-bit 192kHz XLR analog
8
8
24-bit 192kHz XLR main outputs
-
stereo
Headphone output
-
stereo
ADAT optical digital (at 44.1 or 48kHz)
8
8
AES/EBU 24-bit 96kHz digital
stereo
stereo
Total
18
22
All inputs and outputs are discrete. In other words,
using the main outs does not “steal” an output pair
from the bank of eight XLR analog outputs. The
same is true for the headphone outs.
The ADAT optical ports provide 4 channels of I/O
at 88.2 or 96kHz. They are disabled at the 4x
sample rates (176.4 and 192kHz).
The headphone output can operate as an
independent output pair, or it can mirror any other
896HD output pair, such as the main outs.
Analog
All 10 analog inputs are equipped with 24-bit
192kHz, 64x oversampling A/D converters. All 12
analog outputs have 24-bit 128x oversampling D/A
converters. All audio is carried to the computer in a
24-bit data stream. Each output can be individually
switched between either +4 or -10dB operation.
Each input can be individually set to one of three
input levels: MIC (feeds the mic preamp and
includes front-panel trim and switchable 48V
phantom power), LINE (for -10dB inputs with
front-panel trim) and +4/FIXED (for +4 “hot”
inputs for which no gain adjustment in the 896HD
is desired).
Mic preamps
All eight analog inputs are equipped with a mic
preamp on a Neutrik™ combo-style connector that
accepts either an XLR or quarter-inch plug.
Defeatable 48V phantom power is supplied by a
front panel switch. In addition, each input has its
own trim knob, which provides a trim range of
approximately 40dB.
Main Outs
The main outs are equipped with 24-bit 192kHz
128x oversampling D/A converters and serve as
independent outputs for the computer or for the
896HD’s on-board CueMix DSP mixes. The main
out volume can be controlled with the front panel
volume knob (when the switch is in the Main Outs
+ Phones position).
Optical
The 896HD optical jacks support the industry
standard ADAT optical format, which provides
eight channels of 24-bit digital audio at either 44.1
or 48 kHz, and four channels at 88.2 or 96kHz.
AES/EBU with sample rate conversion
The 896HD rear panel provides a standard AES/
EBU digital input and output that supports digital
I/O at 44.1, 48, 88.2 and 96 kHz. In addition, input
or output can be sample-rate converted to any of
these sample rates in situations that call for a
different rate than the 896HD’s global sample rate.
The AES/EBU jacks are disabled at the 4x sample
rates (176.4 and 192kHz).
ADAT sync: sample-accurate synchronization
The 896HD’s standard 9-pin ADAT SYNC IN
connector provides sample-accurate synchronization with all Alesis ADAT tape decks connected
10
ABOUT THE 896HD
to the system—or any device that supports the
ADAT sync format. For example, if you digitally
transfer a single track of material from an ADAT
via light pipe into audio workstation software on
the computer, and then transfer the track back to
the ADAT, it will be recorded exactly at its original
location, down to the sample.
Word clock
The 896HD provides standard word clock that can
slave to any supported sample rate. In addition,
word clock can resolve to and generate “high” and
“low” sample rates. For example, if the 896HD
global sample rate is set to 96 kHz, the word clock
input can resolve to a “low” rate of 48 kHz.
Similarly, when the 896HD is operating at 192 kHz,
the MOTU FireWire Audio Console lets you
choose a word clock output rate of 48 kHz (the
Force 44.1/48kHz setting).
Punch in/out
The quarter-inch Punch in/out jack accepts a
standard foot switch. When you push the foot
switch, the 896HD triggers a programmable
keystroke on the computer keyboard. For example,
with MOTU’s Digital Performer audio sequencer
software, the foot switch triggers the 3 key on the
numeric keypad, which toggles recording in
Digital Performer. Therefore, pressing the foot
switch is the same as pressing the 3 key. The 896HD
Control Panel software lets you program any
keystroke you wish.
1394 FireWire
The two 1394 FireWire jacks accept a standard
IEEE 1394 FireWire cable to connect the 896HD to
a FireWire-equipped Macintosh or Windows
computer. The second jack can be used to daisy
chain multiple interfaces — up to four MOTU
FireWire interfaces — on a single FireWire bus. It
can also be used to connect other FireWire devices
without the need for a FireWire hub.
THE 896HD FRONT PANEL
Headphone output and main volume control
The MOTU 896HD front panel includes a quarterinch stereo headphone output jack and volume
knob. From the factory, the headphone output
matches the main stereo outs. An accompanying
switch allows you to control the volume of the
phones only (down) or both the phones and the
main outs (up). The headphone output can also
operate as its own independent output pair, or it
can mirror any other 896HD output pair, such as
the AES/EBU output. Use the MOTU FireWire
Console to choose the desired headphone output.
CueMix™ DSP no-latency monitoring
The MOTU 896HD provides CueMix™ DSP nolatency monitoring, which can mix all inputs to any
output pair. At samples rates up to 96kHz, four
such mixes can be independently programmed
and simultaneously operated. At the 4x sample
rates (176.4 or 192kHz), two CueMix DSP mixes
are supported.
Input trim knobs and phantom power switch
The front-panel input trim knobs provide
independent trim for the eight analog inputs. The
phantom power switch for each input provides 48V
phantom power. Up is on; down is off.
Metering
The front panel of the MOTU 896HD displays two
eight-channel banks of 10-segment ladder LEDs.
The left-hand bank always shows the eight analog
inputs. The right-hand bank shows one of three
different banks, which you can specify in the
MOTU FireWire Audio Console software: Analog
out, ADAT input, or ADAT output. A status LED to
the left shows which bank you are currently
viewing. These two banks also provide metering
for the four CueMix DSP monitor mixes (when the
front-panel MONITOR LEVEL knob is pressed
and/or turned).
11
ABOUT THE 896HD
The 896HD front panel also displays stereo meters
for the main analog outs and AES/EBU. The AES/
EBU meters can display either input or output as
specified in the MOTU FireWire Audio Console
software. A status LED to the right shows whether
you are viewing input or output.
16-BIT AND 24-BIT RECORDING
The 896HD system handles all data with a 24-bit
signal path, regardless of the I/O format. You can
record and play back 16-bit or 24-bit audio files at
any supported sample rate via any of the 896HD’s
analog or digital inputs and outputs. 24-bit audio
files can be recorded with any compatible host
application that supports 24-bit recording.
AUDIODESK
AudioDesk is a full-featured, 24-bit audio
workstation software package included with the
896HD system (for Mac OS 9 and Mac OS X only).
AudioDesk provides multi-channel waveform
editing, automated virtual mixing, graphic editing
of ramp automation, real-time effects plug-ins with
32-bit floating point processing, crossfades,
support for many third-party audio plug-ins,
background processing of file-based operations,
sample-accurate editing and placement of audio,
and more.
DIGITAL PERFORMER
The 896HD system is fully integrated with MOTU’s
award-winning Digital Performer audio sequencer
software package.
OTHER HOST AUDIO SOFTWARE
The 896HD system includes a standard Mac OS X
CoreAudio driver for multichannel I/O with any
audio application that supports CoreAudio.
The 896HD also includes a Mac OS 9 Macintosh
ASIO driver for multi-channel compatibility with
any Mac OS 9 audio application that supports
ASIO drivers.
A COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEM
Regardless of what software you use with the
896HD, the host computer determines the number
of tracks the software can record and play simultaneously, as well as the amount of real-time effects
processing you can apply to your mix. A faster
computer with more RAM and faster hard drives
will allow more simultaneous tracks and real-time
effects than a slower computer with less RAM and
slower hard drives. Today’s fastest computers can
typically play as many as 72 tracks or more.
12
ABOUT THE 896HD
CHAPTER 2
Packing List and
Macintosh System Requirements
PACKING LIST
PLEASE REGISTER TODAY!
The 896HD ships with the items listed below. If any
of these items are not present in your 896HD box
when you first open it, please immediately contact
your dealer or MOTU.
Please send in the registration card included with
your 896HD system. As a registered user, you will
be eligible to receive on-line technical support
email and announcements about product
enhancements as soon as they become available.
Only registered users receive these special update
notices, so please, complete and mail this
registration card!
■
One 896HD I/O rack unit
■
One 1394 “FireWire” cable
■
Power cord
■
One 896HD Mac/Windows manual
■
One AudioDesk OS 9/OS X “Flipbook” Manual
■
One cross-platform CD-ROM
■
Product registration card
MACINTOSH SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
The 896HD system requires the following
Macintosh system:
■ A G3/300Mhz Power Macintosh or faster
equipped with at least one FireWire port
There is also an AudioDesk software registration
card found in your AudioDesk Mac OS 9/OS X
“flipbook” manual (at the beginning of the OS X
side of the manual). Please be sure to fill out and
return this card as well, so that you will be eligible
to receive on-line technical support, email and
announcements about AudioDesk software
enhancements as soon as they become available.
Thank you for taking the time to register your new
MOTU products!
■ At least 64MB (megabytes) of RAM (128MB or
more is recommended)
■
Mac OS 9 or Mac OS X (version 10.2.7 or later)
For Mac OS 9 users only: FireWire Enabler and
FireWire Support system extensions 2.4 or later
■
■
A large hard drive (preferably at least 20GB)
13
14
PACKING LIST AND MACINTOSH SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
CHAPTER 3
Installing the 896HD Hardware
OVERVIEW
CONNECT THE 896HD INTERFACE
Here’s an overview for installing the 896HD:
1 Plug one end of the 896HD FireWire cable
(included) into the FireWire socket on the
computer as shown below in Figure 3-1.
Connect the 896HD interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Connect the 896HD to the computer.
Connect audio inputs and outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2 Plug the other end of the FireWire cable into the
896HD I/O as shown below in Figure 3-1.
Make optical and analog connections as desired.
Connect a foot switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Connect a footswitch to trigger any keystroke.
A typical 896HD setup (no mixer) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
An example setup for computer-based mixing/FX.
Using the 896HD with a mixer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
An example setup for a mixer-based studio.
Making sync connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
If you need to resolve the 896HD with other
devices, make the necessary sync connections.
Do you need a synchronizer? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample-accurate sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample-accurate ADAT sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample-accurate ADAT sync with no synchronizer . .
Syncing to video and/or SMPTE time code. . . . . . . . . . .
Syncing optical devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Syncing AES/EBU devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Syncing word clock devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Syncing large systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting multiple MOTU FireWire interfaces . . . . .
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
29
30
31
Figure 3-1: Connecting the 896HD to the computer.
15
CONNECT AUDIO INPUTS AND OUTPUTS
The 896HD audio interface has the following audio
input and output connectors:
■
8 XLR analog outputs
■
8 Neutrik™ XLR/quarter-inch analog inputs
■
2 XLR main outs
■
AES/EBU input/output
■
ADAT optical input/output
Analog inputs
The 896HD analog inputs are Neutrik combo
connectors that accept either a male XLR plug or a
quarter-inch plug. You can use either type of plug,
regardless of whether it is a mic, synth, or whatever.
Set the 3-way input level switch as follows:
For a microphone or unamplified instrument
pickup, set the rear-panel 3-way switch to MIC,
plug in your mic (XLR or quarter-inch plug), flip
on 48V phantom power (if necessary) and use the
trim knob as needed to adjust the level.
For -10dB (unbalanced) inputs (like synths) or +4
(balanced) signals that may need to be boosted, set
the rear panel 3-way switch to LINE and use the
trim knob to adjust the level. You can use either an
XLR or quarter-inch plug. (Note: the complete
trim range, from all the way down with the MIC
setting to all the way up with the LINE setting is
around 55dB total. The MIC setting provides a
40dB range and the LINE setting offers a 30dB
range with some overlap between them.)
If you have +4 inputs for which you’d like to
maintain unity gain, set the 3-way switch to +4/
FIXED. Use either an XLR or quarter-inch plug.
Analog outputs
Connect an XLR cable and set the desired output
level with the 2-way level switch (+4 or -10dB).
ADAT optical
Use standard ADAT optical cables. Reminder:
optical goes OUT to IN and IN to OUT, like MIDI.
AES/EBU
Connect standard AES/EBU input and output. 2x
sample rates (88.2 & 96 kHz) are supported; 4x
samples rates (176.4 or 192kHz) are not supported.
Main outs
When the 896HD is operating at any sample rate
up to 96kHz, the main outputs serve as a separate,
independent output pair. The main out volume can
be controlled by the main volume knob on the
front panel (when the switch is up). In a typical
studio, the main outs are intended for a pair of
monitors. However, if you are using the 896HD in
other ways, such as in a live performance situation,
you could use the main outs for stage monitors or
for some other purpose.
Using an external mixer
The 896HD can be used with or without a mixer, as
shown on the following pages. In Figure 3-3 (no
mixer), all mixing and effects processing occurs in
the audio software running on the computer. If
you’d like to use external mixing, see “Using the
896HD with a mixer” on page 18.
Figure 3-2: the 896HD rear panel.
16
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
CONNECT A FOOT SWITCH
A TYPICAL 896HD SETUP (NO MIXER)
If you would like to use a foot switch with your
896HD, connect it to the PUNCH IN/OUT jack.
See “Quick Reference: MOTU FireWire Audio
Console” on page 7 for information about how to
program the foot switch to trigger any computer
keystroke you wish.
Here is a typical 896HD studio setup. This rig can
be operated without an external mixer. All mixing
and processing can be done in the computer with
audio software. During recording, you can use the
896HD’s CueMix™ DSP no-latency monitoring to
listen to what you are recording via the main outs,
headphone outs, or any other output pair. You can
control monitoring from the included CueMix
Console software.
DAT deck
sends to
FX unit
(in rack
below)
monitors
other outputs
(stage
monitors,
etc.)
headphones
AES/EBU
Headphone jack (on front panel)
Pedal jack (on front panel)
foot switch
mic
FireWire
guitar
(with or without amp)
Mac
quarter-inch analog outs
ADAT optical
quarter-inch analog outs
ADAT
synths, samplers, effects units, etc.
synthesizer
Figure 3-3: A typical 896HD studio setup.
17
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
USING THE 896HD WITH A MIXER
While there are many ways to use the 896HD with
an external mixer, typically the 896HD serves as a
multi-channel “pipeline” between the mixer and
the computer. If your mixer is analog, connect the
analog section of the 896HD to your mixer. If your
mixer is digital, and it has ADAT optical I/O, you
can connect them optically as shown below in
Figure 3-4. Add more 896HD’s for additional
banks of eight-channel I/O. The 896HD’s available
analog and AES/EBU inputs and outputs can serve
as an extension to the mixer I/O, but then you will
probably find yourself mixing in two places: the
mixer and the computer. A word of advice: if you
would like to use the 896HD with an external
mixer, use the mixer for mixing. Trying to mix
large multitrack projects in two places can become
very cumbersome very quickly.
Mac
FireWire
8-channel digital I/O
ADAT optical
synths, samplers, etc.
synthesizers
digital mixer
Figure 3-4: Using the 896HD with a digital mixer.
18
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
MAKING SYNC CONNECTIONS
If you connect devices digitally to the 896HD, or if
you need to synchronize the 896HD with an
outside time reference such as SMPTE time code,
you must pay careful attention to the synchronization connections and clock source issues
discussed in the next few sections.
Do you need to synchronize the 896HD?
If you will be using only the 896HD’s analog inputs
and outputs (and none of its digital I/O), and you
have no plans to synchronize your 896HD system
to SMPTE time code or other external clock
source, you don’t need to make any sync
connections. You can skip this section and proceed
to chapter 4, “Installing the 896HD Macintosh
Software” (page 33). After you install the 896HD
software, you’ll open the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console and set the Clock Source setting to Internal
as shown below. For details, see chapter 5, “MOTU
FireWire Audio Console (Mac OS X)” (page 37) or
chapter 6, “MOTU FireWire Control Panel (Mac
OS 9)” (page 45).
Synchronization is critical for clean digital I/O
Synchronization is critical in any audio system, but
it is especially important when you are transferring
audio between digital audio devices. Your success
in using the 896HD’s digital I/O features depends
almost entirely on proper synchronization. The
following sections guide you through several
recommended scenarios.
Be sure to choose a digital audio clock master
When you transfer digital audio between two
devices, their audio clocks must be in phase with
one another — or phase-locked. Otherwise, you’ll
hear clicks, pops, and distortion in the audio — or
perhaps no audio at all.
Not phase-locked
Phase-locked
Device A
Device B
Figure 3-6: When transferring audio, two devices must have phaselocked audio clocks to prevent clicks, pops or other artifacts.
There are two ways to achieve phase lock: slave one
device to the other, or slave both devices to a third
master clock. If you have three or more digital
audio devices, you need to slave them all to a single
master audio clock.
Master
Master
Figure 3-5: You can run the 896HD under its own internal clock when
it has no digital audio connections and you are not synchronizing the
896HD system to an external time reference such as SMPTE time
code.
Situations that require synchronization
There are three general cases in which you will
need to resolve the 896HD with other devices:
■ Synchronizing the 896HD with other digital
audio devices so that their digital audio clocks are
phase-locked (as shown in Figure 3-6)
■ Slaving the 896HD system to SMPTE time code
from a video deck, analog multi-track, etc.
■
Both of the above
Slave
Slave
Slave
Figure 3-7: To keep the 896HD phased-locked with other digital audio
devices connected to it, choose a clock master.
Also remember that audio phase lock can be
achieved independently of time code (location).
For example, one device can be the time code
master while another is the audio clock master. But
only one device can be the audio clock master. If
you set things up with this rule in mind, you’ll have
trouble-free audio transfers with the 896HD.
19
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
DO YOU NEED A SYNCHRONIZER?
Whether or not you’ll need a synchronizer depends
on your gear and what you will be doing with your
896HD system. The following pages give you
specific information about common sync
scenarios. At least one of them will likely apply to
you. Here are some general considerations to help
you determine if you need (or want) a
synchronizer for your 896HD system.
You don’t need a synchronizer if...
As explained earlier, the 896HD’s digital audio
clock must be phase-locked (synchronized) with
other connected digital audio devices to achieve
clean digital transfers between them. Can this be
accomplished without an additional digital audio
synchronizer? It depends on the nature of the other
devices, and what you want to do with them. You
don’t need a synchronizer if the device has a way of
locking itself directly to the 896HD’s clock (via
ADAT lightpipe, AES/EBU or word clock), AND if
the device carries no sense of location in time. A
digital mixer is a good example: it can slave to its
ADAT lightpipe connection from the 896HD, and
it has no sense of time; it just passes audio through
for mixing.
A stand-alone digital recorder, on the other hand,
does have a sense of location in time, either via
SMPTE time code or via its own sample address.
For example, if you want to fly tracks back and
forth between your computer and an Alesis hard
disk recorder while maintaining the audio’s
position in time, the ADAT Sync port on the
896HD lets you do so without a separate
synchronizer — and with sample-accurate
precision, as long as you’re using AudioDesk,
Digital Performer, or other sample-accurate
software. Just connect the 896HD directly to the
Alesis recorder (or other ADAT Sync-compatible
device) as discussed in “Sample-accurate ADAT
sync with no synchronizer” on page 23. But if you
also want transport control over the entire rig
(including the hard disk recorder) from your audio
software, you’ll need a MIDI Machine Controlcompatible synchronizer such as MOTU’s MIDI
Timepiece AV, as discussed in “Sample-accurate
sync” on page 21. If you are simply using a standalone recorder as a way to capture live tracks that
you then transfer in one pass into the computer, no
synchronizer is required because the tracks will
remain in perfect phase lock with each other as you
transfer them together. You can simply slave the
stand-alone recorder to the optical output from the
896HD as explained in “Syncing optical devices”
on page 25.
Transport control from your computer
If you have stand-alone digital recorders connected
to the 896HD, and they support ADAT Sync, your
audio software — if it supports MIDI Machine
Control (MMC) — allows you to control the
transports of everything from your computer.
Most advanced audio programs support MMC. To
do this, you’ll also need an MMC-compatible
ADAT synchronizer such as a MOTU MIDI
Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece. Synchronizers
like these allow you to play, stop, rewind and locate
all of your tape decks using the transport controls
in the audio software. If your audio software
supports sample-accurate sync (like Digital
Performer and AudioDesk), you can do so with
sample-accurate precision. The following pages
show you how to achieve MMC control, where
possible.
Continuous sync to SMPTE / MTC
If you need to synchronize the 896HD (and your
audio software) to SMPTE time code, this requires
a dedicated synchronizer, which continuously
resolves the 896HD to SMPTE time code, while
simultaneously resolving your audio software to
MIDI Time Code. When the 896HD is
continuously resolved, audio playback will never
drift with respect to the time code. Again, the
MOTU MIDI Timepiece AV and Digital Timepiece
are affordable examples of this type of
20
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
synchronizer. The following pages illustrate how to
set up this type of synchronization with various
kinds of gear. Regardless of the specific equipment
you have, you can follow the basic connections
shown.
SAMPLE-ACCURATE SYNC
Your 896HD system provides you with the most
advanced, accurate synchronization possible with
Alesis modular digital tape decks and hard disk
recorders — or any device that supports sampleaccurate ADAT sync. Figure 3-8 below shows a few
best-case scenarios. Below is a brief explanation of
the benefits you achieve with these setups.
software, sample-accurate performance (if it’s
supported) is achieved through the 896HD’s ASIO
Version 2 driver (Mac OS 9 only).
Transport control from your computer
If you have a MIDI Timepiece AV, Digital
Timepiece or any ADAT synchronizer that also
supports MIDI Machine Control (MMC), you can
play, stop, rewind and locate all of your ADATs
using the transport controls in the audio software
running on your computer. This includes cueing
features like markers, position bars, playback
wipers, time rulers, etc.
Sample accurate locating
With sample accurate locating, when you transfer
audio between AudioDesk (or any other sampleaccurate host software) and a sample-accurate
recorder, the audio will not drift in time — even by
as little as one sample. This is the tightest possible
synchronization between digital audio devices.
The timing in your audio will not be affected in any
way by the process of transferring it between the
896HD and the recorder.
Is your audio software sample-accurate?
Sample-accurate locating is only possible with
software that supports this feature, such as
AudioDesk or Digital Performer. For third-party
Figure 3-9: AudioDesk and Digital Performer support sampleaccurate transfers with ADAT Sync compatible digital tape decks and
modular hard disk recorders.
Sample
accurate
locating
Transport
control
from computer
Continuous sync
to SMPTE / MTC
Sync format
Software
Synchronizer
ADAT
AudioDesk, Cubase or
Digital Performer
MIDI Timepiece AV
or Digital Timepiece
Yes
Yes
Yes
ADAT
AudioDesk, Cubase or
Digital Performer
BRC (or any MMC capable ADAT synchronizer)
Yes
Yes
Yes
ADAT
AudioDesk, Cubase or
Digital Performer
None
Yes
No
No
Figure 3-8: These recommended combinations of hardware and software offer the tightest sync possible between the 896HD and digital audio
recorders in the form of sample-accurate locating between the software and the tape decks. Sample accurate locating is possible even without
a MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece, although you give up transport control from the computer.
21
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
SAMPLE-ACCURATE ADAT SYNC
Use this setup if you have:
The 896HD can achieve sample-accurate sync with
ADATs, Alesis hard disk recorders or any ADAT
Sync-compatible devices. Sample-accurate
software is required, such as AudioDesk, Digital
Performer, or Mac OS 9 ASIO 2.0-compatible
software that also supports sample-accurate sync.
Connect the 896HD to the end of the ADAT Sync
chain and make the software settings shown below
in Figure 3-10. If you will be using the stand-alone
recorder for its analog inputs and outputs only
(you won’t be doing any recording with it), treat it
as an ‘optical’ device. See “Syncing optical devices”
on page 25.
✓ ADATs, Alesis hard disk recorders or any ADAT SYNC
compatible device(s).
✓ A MOTU Digital Timepiece, MIDI Timepiece AV or other
ADAT synchronizer.
✓ Host software that supports sample-accurate sync.
This setup provides:
✓ Sample-accurate locating between all ADAT SYNC-compatible devices, the 896HD and your software (AudioDesk,
Digital Performer or other sample-accurate software).
✓ With a Digital Timepiece, this setup provides sample-accurate
locating across all devices: ADAT, Tascam and the 896HD.
✓ Transport control of everything from the computer, OR
continuous sync to SMPTE time code and other sync sources
(the other source is the transport master in this case).
In AudioDesk or Digital Performer:
1. Choose Receive Sync in the Setup
menu (Basics menu under OS 9).
2. Choose the Sample-accurate option
shown to the left.
3. Make sure that Slave to External Sync
is checked in the Studio menu (Basics
menu under OS 9).
Macintosh computer running AudioDesk, Digital
Performer or other sample-accurate software.
USB or serial cable (bi-directional MIDI
connection) bearing MMC transport
commands from AudioDesk or
Digital Performer to the
MIDI Timepiece AV (or other synchronizer)
To set the 896HD hardware clock source for sample-accurate sync:
1. In AudioDesk or Digital Performer, choose MOTU Audio
System>Configure Hardware Driver from the Setup menu (or
the Basics menu under OS 9), or run the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console.
Digital Timepiece, MIDI Timepiece AV,
Alesis BRC or any other MMC-compatible
ADAT synchronizer
FireWire
If you have a MOTU
synchronizer, set its
sync mode to Internal.
2. Choose ADAT 9-pin from the Clock Source menu as shown to
above.
3. Make sure the Sample Rate setting matches the recorder and
synchronizer.
ADAT
Sync Out
For sample-accurate sync settings in Cubase, see “Sampleaccurate sync to ADAT or Tascam” on page 83.
ADATs
ADAT
Sync In sync cables
Sync Out
Sync In
Sync Out
Sync In
Sync Out
etc.
In AudioDesk or Digital
Performer, turn on MIDI
Machine Control by pressing
this button. This brings on line
all the recorders connected to
the DTP or MTP AV.
AudioDesk automatically scans
the DTP or MTP AV for
connected recorders, and they
appear here.
FireWire
Sync In
Figure 3-10: Connections for sample-accurate ADAT sync.
22
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
SAMPLE-ACCURATE ADAT SYNC WITH NO
SYNCHRONIZER
Even if you don’t have an ADAT synchronizer, you
can achieve sample-accurate sync between ADATsync compatible devices, an 896HD, and any
sample-accurate software (such as AudioDesk or
Digital Performer). Just connect the 896HD to the
end of the ADAT sync chain as shown below. You
don’t get transport control from your computer,
nor can you slave the system to SMPTE time code.
Instead, you have to play, stop, rewind and cue the
system from the transports on your recorder. If
you’re using the recorder as an additional source of
analog inputs and outputs only (not for recording),
see “Syncing optical devices” on page 25.
Use this setup if you have:
✓ ADATs, Alesis hard disk recorders or any ADAT SYNC
compatible device(s).
✗
No ADAT synchronizer.
✓ Host software that supports sample-accurate sync.
This setup provides:
✓ Sample-accurate locating between all ADAT SYNC-compatible devices, the 896HD and your software (AudioDesk,
Digital Performer or other sample-accurate software).
✗
No transport control of everything from the computer.
✗
No sync to SMPTE time code or other sync sources.
In AudioDesk or Digital Performer:
1. Choose Receive Sync in the Setup
menu (Basics menu under OS 9).
2. Choose the Sample-accurate option
shown to the left.
3. Make sure that Slave to External Sync
is checked in the Studio menu (Basics
menu under OS 9).
To set the 896HD hardware clock source for sample-accurate sync:
Macintosh computer running
AudioDesk or Digital Performer
1. In AudioDesk or Digital Performer, choose MOTU Audio
System>Configure Hardware Driver from the Setup menu (or the
Basics menu under OS 9), or run the MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
With no synchronizer, the ADAT
that is the master of the ADAT
sync chain becomes transport
master over everything, including
your audio software.
2. Choose ADAT 9-pin from the Clock Source menu as shown to above.
3. Make sure the Sample Rate setting matches the recorder and
synchronizer.
FireWire
ADATs
In AudioDesk or Digital Performer:
1. Make sure that Slave to External Sync is checked in the Studio menu (Basics
menu under OS 9).
Sync Out
Sync In
Sync Out
ADAT
sync cables
Sync In
Sync Out
etc.
2. Click the play or record button. The software will then wait for you to start
your recorder.
FireWire
Sync In
3. Press the Play button on the front panel of your recorder to initiate playback
or recording.
Figure 3-11: Sample-accurate sync between AudioDesk or Digital Performer and
one or more ADAT-sync compatible devices — without an ADAT synchronizer.
For sample-accurate sync settings in Cubase VST, see
“Sample-accurate sync to ADAT or Tascam” on page 83.
23
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
SYNCING TO VIDEO AND/OR SMPTE TIME
CODE
To synchronize (continuously resolve) the 896HD
with SMPTE time code, word clock, video or
blackburst, you will need a MOTU Digital
Timepiece, MIDI Timepiece AV or any other
universal synchronizer equipped with word clock.
The synchronizer resolves continuously to the
chosen time base, and the 896HD slaves to the
synchronizer via word clock. In addition, the audio
software running on the computer slaves to MIDI
Time Code generated by the synchronizer, as
shown below in Figure 3-12. How accurate will
transfers be between your audio software and other
audio devices? As good as the resolution of MIDI
time code, which — at 30 fps — provides quarter
frame resolution of 120th of a second (367 samples
at 44.1 KHz). But if you are running your
synchronizer under its own internal clock
(triggering it via MMC from your software), you
will probably get even tighter timing than that —
perhaps as good as ±50 samples.
Use this setup if you have:
✓ Video and/or a SMPTE time code source.
✓ A Digital Timepiece, MIDI Timepiece AV or other universal
synchronizer.
✓ Host software that does not support sample-accurate sync
(although you can use this setup even if it does).
This setup provides:
✗
No sample-accurate locating.
✓ Continuous sync to SMPTE time code.
✓ Sub-frame timing accuracy.
✓ Transport control from the SMPTE time code source.
Video deck
or other source for video and/or SMPTE time code
Video cable
bearing video
signal
Audio cable bearing LTC
(Longitudinal Time Code)
MOTU MIDI Timepiece AV or
Digital Timepiece slaving to
video and/or SMPTE time code
word clock
MIDI Time Code
(Via MIDI interface)
896HD
Set up your audio software to
slave to MIDI Time Code.
Macintosh computer running any audio software
Choose Word Clock In as the clock source
in the MOTU FireWire Audio Console
application. If you have multiple interfaces connected, be sure to choose the
Word Clock In option that corresponds to
the interface receiving the clock signal.
Figure 3-12: Resolving the 896HD to an external time base, such as SMPTE time code, word clock, or video. In this example, an S-VHS video deck
is supplying SMPTE time code (address) and video (as the time base). For examples of other sources, consult the MIDI Timepiece AV manual (or
other synchronizer).
24
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
SYNCING OPTICAL DEVICES
For ADATs or other devices that support ADAT
sync, synchronize them with the 896HD as
described in the previous sections of this chapter.
The word optical is our short-hand way of referring
to any device that connects to the 896HD via an
optical cable. But we make a further distinction: an
optical device is also one that doesn’t care about
sample location. An example is a digital mixer.
Since a digital mixer is not a recording device, it has
no sense of sample location like an ADAT does. An
ADAT can cue to a specific sample number (e.g.
sample number 43,478, 103) — as can any device
that supports ADAT sync, but most digital mixers
simply mix and process audio digitally, with no
sense of a specific sample location. There are many
other devices that fall into this category, including
digital effects processors, synthesizers, A/D
converters, and many more.
For optical devices, such as digital mixers, all you
have to do is make sure that their digital audio
clock is phase-locked (in sync with) the 896HD.
There are three ways to do this:
■
Slave the optical device to the 896HD
■
Slave the 896HD to the optical device
■ Slave both the optical device and the 896HD to a
third master clock (such as a Digital Timepiece or
MIDI Timepiece AV synchronizer)
Digital mixer
or other optical
device
896HD
With this setup, in the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console, choose
the Optical clock source setting.
The 896HD slaves to the optical
device via their optical cable
connection.
ADAT Optical OUT
ADAT Optical OUT
ADAT Optical IN
Digital mixer
or other optical
device
896HD
Clock Source setting =
Internal, or any clock source
setting except Optical. The optical
device slaves to the 896HD (via its
optical cable connection).
ADAT Optical IN
896HD
Clock Source setting =
optical
896HD
MIDI Timepiece AV
set to Internal
Digital mixer
or other optical
device
Word Clock Out
896HD
Clock Source setting =
ADAT 9-pin
ADAT Sync out
Mac
Word Clock IN
ADAT sync in
bi-directional
optical
Computer with 896HD
Figure 3-13: Three setups for synchronizing an optical device with the 896HD. You can slave the optical device to the 896HD or vice versa with
their optical connections. For more elaborate setups, you can slave both to a digital audio synchronizer like the Digital Timepiece. Don’t use
any of these setups for an ADAT or other optical device that records. Instead, see “Sample-accurate ADAT sync” on page 22.
25
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
SYNCING AES/EBU DEVICES
■ Transfer digital audio into the 896HD without
the need for any external synchronization
arrangements.
If you would like to transfer stereo audio digitally
between the 896HD and another device that has
AES/EBU I/O, connect it to the 896HD’s AES/EBU
jacks with balanced, AES/EBU grade audio cables.
Transfer digital audio out of the 896HD at
double or half the 896HD system clock rate.
■
AES/EBU clock and sample rate conversion
The 896HD AES/EBU section is equipped with a
real-time sample rate converter that can be used for
either input or output. This feature provides a great
deal of flexibility in making digital transfers. For
example, you can:
Rate conversion does not add any appreciable noise
to the audio signal (under -120 dB).
Digital audio phase lock
Without sample rate conversion, when you transfer
digital audio between two devices, their audio
clocks must be in phase with one another — or
phase-locked — as demonstrated below in
Figure 3-15. Otherwise, you’ll hear clicks, pops,
and distortion in the audio, or perhaps no audio at
all.
■ Transfer digital audio into the 896HD at a
sample rate that is completely different than the
896HD system clock rate.
896HD
AES/EBU
896HD
Clock Source setting =
Internal (when transferring from the
896HD to the AES/EBU device)
896HD
Clock Source setting =
AES/EBU (when transferring from
the AES/EBU device to the 896HD)
AES/EBU
DAT deck
or other AES/EBU
device
MIDI Timepiece AV
set to Internal
Word Clock Out
896HD
Clock Source setting =
ADAT 9-pin
ADAT Sync out
Mac
Word Clock IN
ADAT sync in
DAT deck
or other AES/EBU device
AES/EBU
Computer with 896HD
Figure 3-14: Two setups for synchronizing an AES/EBU device with the 896HD. In the top diagram, sync is achieved via the AES/EBU connection
itself. In this case, you have to choose AES/EBU as the 896HD’s clock source when recording from the AES/EBU device. If you don’t want to have
to worry about switching the Clock Source setting depending on the direction of the AES/EBU transfer, you can slave the AES/EBU device to word
clock from the 896HD or vice versa (not shown). The Word Clock connection maintains sync, regardless of the direction of the transfer.
26
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
Not phase-locked
Phase-locked
Device A
Device B
Figure 3-15: When transferring audio without sample rate conversion, two devices must have phased-locked audio clocks to prevent
clicks, pops or other artifacts.
Without sample rate conversion, there are two ways
to achieve phase lock: slave one device to the other,
or slave both devices to a third master clock. If you
have three or more digital audio devices, you need
to slave them all to a single master audio clock.
Master
a DAT deck (AES/EBU IN) using SRC. Notice that
with SRC, the DAT deck is not slaved to the
896HD’s system clock. Instead, their clocks are
running completely independently of one another.
But also notice that the DAT deck must still slave to
the sample-rate-converted output from the 896HD
for a clean digital audio transfer (unless it has its
own sample rate converter on its AES/EBU input).
896HD master clock
Master
896HD Sample
Rate converter
Input
clock
Output
clock
Slave
Slave
(master)
(slaves to 896HD master clock)
(master*)
Slave
Figure 3-16: Without sample rate conversion, you need to choose a
clock master to which all other devices slave. Each slaved device
remains continuously resolved to the master, meaning that there will
be no drift over time.
Audio phase lock as shown above in Figure 3-16
can be achieved independently of time code
(location). For example, one device can be the time
code master while another is the audio clock
master. But only one device can be the audio clock
master.
Another benefit of direct master/slave clocking
(without sample rate conversion) is that each
slaved device remains continuously resolved to the
master, which means that there will be no gradual
drift over time. This form of synchronization is
best for audio that needs to remain resolved to film,
video, etc.
Sample rate conversion
With sample rate conversion (SRC), an extra level
of master/slave clocking is added to the equation,
as demonstrated below in Figure 3-17, which
shows the clocking going on when you transfer
digital audio from the 896HD (AES/EBU OUT) to
DAT deck
(slaves to 896HD SRC output clock)
Figure 3-17: Clock relationships when sending audio from the 896HD
to a DAT deck using sample rate conversion. The DAT deck needs to be
slaving to its AES/EBU input. *Note: the 896HD AES/EBU output can
actually be clocked from a number of different sources. In this
example, it is resolved to the 896HD system clock. For details about
other possible clock sources, see “Clocking scenarios for AES/EBU
output” on page 28.
System clock, AES clock & rate convert settings
When you are setting up AES/EBU input and
output with the 896HD, pay careful attention to the
following settings in the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console (see the quick reference overview on
page 7):
■
Clock source
■
Sample rate conversion
These options are mentioned briefly in the
following sections. For further details, see “Clock
Source” on page 39 and “Sample Rate Conversion”
on page 41.
27
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
Clocking scenarios for AES/EBU input
There are three possible clocking scenarios for the
896HD AES/EBU input:
1. Simple transfer (slave the 896HD system clock to
the AES/EBU input signal — no sample rate
conversion).
2. Sample rate convert the AES/EBU input.
3. Use word clock to resolve the 896HD system
clock and the other AES/EBU device with each
other.
These three AES/EBU input scenarios are
summarized below.
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
Scenario 3
Simple
transfer
Rate
convert
Use word
clock
896HD clock
AES/EBU
source setting
Any setting
except
AES/EBU
Word Clock
Sample rate
conversion
setting
Required
896HD cable
connections
None
AES In
None
AES/EBU In
AES In
AES/EBU In
and Word
Clock In
Are the devices
continuously
resolved?
Is the signal
being sample
rate converted?
Example
application
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Simple digital
transfer into
the 896HD
from DAT
deck or digital mixer.
Transfer from
digital mixer
running at a
different
sample rate.
Both the
896HD and
other AES/
EBU device
are slaved to
‘house” word
clock.
Description
Some example scenarios are demonstrated below.
Simple AES/EBU input transfer (no rate convert)
Master
Other device
896HD clock source
setting: AES/EBU
896HD
896HD Sample Rate
Conversion setting: None
AES/EBU OUT
AES/EBU IN
Slave
Figure 3-18: Slaving the 896HD to an AES/EBU device. For the
896HD’s clock source, choose ‘AES/EBU’.
AES/EBU input with rate conversion
Other device
Master
AES/EBU OUT
896HD clock source
setting: Internal
AES/EBU IN
896HD
Slave
896HD Sample Rate
Conversion setting:
AES In
Figure 3-19: Rate-converting AES/EBU input.
AES/EBU input with word clock
‘House’ word clock master
(Slave)
Word clock IN
Other device
AES/EBU OUT/IN
(Slave)
Word clock IN
896HD
AES/EBU IN/OUT
896HD clock source:
word clock
896HD Sample
Rate Conversion
setting: None
Figure 3-20: In this scenario, the 896HD and other AES/EBU device are
both resolved to one another via a third master word clock source.
Clocking scenarios for AES/EBU output
The 896HD AES/EBU output can also employ
sample rate conversion. The output options, shown
below in Figure 3-21, are briefly summarized in the
following sections. For further details, see “Sample
Rate Conversion” on page 41.
28
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
(when the system clock is at 88.2 or 96 kHz). For
further details about this option, see “Sample Rate
Conversion” on page 41.
SYNCING WORD CLOCK DEVICES
The 896HD word clock connectors allow you to
synchronize it with a wide variety of other word
clock-equipped devices.
Figure 3-21: The Sample Rate Conversion option in the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console gives you access the AES/EBU output clock
options. The last option is either “x2” or “÷2” depending on the system
sample rate.
None
To make the AES/EBU output sample rate match
the System sample rate, choose None. No sample
rate conversion occurs when this setting is chosen.
AES Out slave to AES in
To make the AES/EBU output sample rate match
the sample rate currently being received by the
896HD’s AES/EBU input, choose AES Input. This
setting requires a connection to the 896HD’s AES/
EBU input from a device that is transmitting an
AES/EBU clock signal.
For standard word clock sync, you need to choose
an audio clock master (as explained in “Be sure to
choose a digital audio clock master” on page 19).
In the simplest case, you have two devices and one
is the word clock master and the other is the slave
as shown below in Figure 3-22 and Figure 3-23.
Word clock OUT
Word clock IN
☛ When you are using the AES/EBU input as a
clock source for sample rate conversion on the
AES/EBU output, you cannot use the AES/EBU
input for audio input.
AES Out x 2 / AES Out ÷ 2
Choose one of these sample rates when the desired
AES/EBU output rate needs to be twice the 896HD
system clock rate (when the system clock is at
either 44.1 or 48 kHz) or half the system clock rate
Other device
Slave
Figure 3-22: Slaving another digital audio device to the 896HD via
word clock. For the 896HD clock source, choose any source besides
word clock, as it is not advisable to chain word clock.
☛
Be careful when both the 896HD’s AES/EBU
input and output are connected to the same
external device: this option is likely to create a
clock loop.
896HD
Master
MOTU Digital Timepiece universal synchronizer
Audio
clock
Master
Word clock OUT
Word clock IN
Slave
896HD
Figure 3-23: Slaving the 896HD to word clock. For the 896HD clock
source, choose ‘Word Clock In’.
Don’t chain word clock
If you have three or more digital audio devices that
you need to synchronize, avoid chaining their word
clock connections (OUT to IN, OUT to IN, etc.), as
29
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
this causes problems. Instead, use a dedicated
synchronizer like the Digital Timepiece or a word
clock distribution device of some kind.
Slaving to a 2x and 1/2x word clock
The 896HD has the ability to slave to a word clock
signal running at either twice or half their current
clock rate. For example, the 896HD could be
running at 96 kHz while slaving to a 48 kHz word
clock signal from a MOTU Digital Timepiece.
Similarly, the 896HD could run at 88.2 kHz and
slave to 44.1 kHz word clock. Conversely, the
896HD could run at 48 kHz and slave to a 96 kHz
word clock signal. In all of these cases, the front
panel clock LEDs flash both sample rates to
indicate that the 896HD is slaving to word clock at
either twice or half its own clock rate. But if the
896HD is running at 96 kHz, it cannot slave to
word clock running at 44.1 kHz.
SYNCING LARGE SYSTEMS
If you are connecting the 896HD to a lot of other
digital audio gear, get a Digital Timepiece. It can
synchronize a wide variety of devices, and it offers
sample accurate synchronization for devices that
support it, such as ADATs. You will also be able to
control everything from the transport controls of
your audio software. If you have even more devices
than a single Digital Timepiece can support,
consider a word clock distribution device, such as
the Aardvark Aard Sync™ video-to-word clock
converter. Products like this offer multiple word
clock outputs and an extremely low-jitter clock.
Remember, the word clock signal must be one of
the following:
■
the same as the 896HD clock
■
twice the 896HD clock
■
half of the 896HD clock
Forcing a 1x word out rate
The 896HD can generate a word clock output
signal that either matches the current system clock
rate (any rate between 44.1 and 192kHz) or the
corresponding 1x rate. For example, if the 896HD
is operating at 192kHz, you can choose to generate
a word out rate of 48kHz. For details on how to
make this word clock output setting, see “Word
Out” on page 43.
30
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
CONNECTING MULTIPLE MOTU FIREWIRE
INTERFACES
You can daisy-chain up to four MOTU FireWire
interfaces on a single FireWire bus, with the
restrictions described in the following sections.
Most computers have only one built-in FireWire
bus (even if it supplies multiple FireWire sockets).
Connect them as follows:
Multiple interfaces in the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console
The MOTU FireWire Audio Console displays the
settings for one interface at a time. To view the
settings for an interface, click its tab as shown
below in Figure 3-25.
Mac OS X
Mac
FireWire
Mac OS 9
FireWire
FireWire
FireWire
FireWire
FireWire
FireWire
FireWire
Figure 3-24: Connecting multiple 896HD’s (or other MOTU FireWire
audio interfaces) to a computer.
Figure 3-25: To view the settings for an interface, click its tab. Under
Mac OS 9, choose it from the Interface menu as shown.
Using multiple interfaces under Mac OS X
When using multiple interfaces under Mac OS X,
choose one interface as the master clock source and
then slave the rest to it. All interfaces will remain
resolved to each other via the master interface. The
master interface can be any audio interface (PCI,
FireWire or otherwise) that appears in the MOTU
FireWire Console Clock Source menu.
31
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
Make the Clock Source settings for each interface
as follows:
For the master interface, click its tab (as
demonstrated in Figure 3-25) and choose any
clock source you wish (except any of the slave
interfaces, of course).
828’s with other MOTU FireWire interfaces using a
standard FireWire hub. Up to four interfaces can be
combined on one FireWire bus.
■
■ For each slave interface, click its tab and choose
the master interface from the Clock Source menu.
This causes the slave interfaces to resolve to the
master interface.
Using multiple interfaces under Mac OS 9
All connected MOTU FireWire interfaces get their
clock from whatever you choose from the Clock
Source menu in the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console. When you connect multiple MOTU
FireWire interfaces, all of their respective sync
sources are displayed in the menu as shown below
in Figure 3-26.
Figure 3-26: In Mac OS 9, all MOTU FireWire audio interfaces get their
clock from a single master sync source on any connected 896HD (or
other MOTU FireWire interface). After you choose a source from this
menu, the entire system, including all connected 896HDs, synchronizes to it.
Under Mac OS 9, each FireWire interface in the
system gets its clock from the FireWire cable
connection (unless it is the master clock itself).
There is no need to make word clock connections
between multiple FireWire interfaces.
Connecting an 828
You can add an original MOTU 828 to the end of a
FireWire daisy chain (because the 828 has only one
FireWire port), or you can mix and match multiple
Operating multiple FireWire interfaces at high
sample rates
Four MOTU FireWire interfaces can operate at
44.1 or 48kHz on a single FireWire bus. At the high
samples rates (88.2 or 96kHz), you can operate no
more than two FireWire interfaces on a single
FireWire bus.
Adding additional interfaces with a second
FireWire bus
Third-party FireWire bus expansion products in
the form of a cardbus (“PC card”) adaptor or PCI
card allow you to add a second FireWire bus to
your computer. It may be possible to add additional
MOTU FireWire interfaces connected to such a
third-party product, depending on the
performance of the product and the performance
of your host computer.
Managing the IDs of multiple interfaces (Mac
OS 9 only)
Multiple 896HD interfaces are identified by
number (#1, #2, #3, etc.) Interfaces are ID’d (given
a number) by the order in which they are first
powered up after being connected. This
information is stored in the MOTU FireWire Audio
preferences file. Once ID’d, they retain the same
number regardless of the order in which they are
powered up. You can disable an interface at any
time with the Disable interface option shown in
Figure 3-25 on page 31. Doing so frees up the
FireWire bandwidth required by the interface
without turning it off. Switching off an interface
accomplishes the same thing. To get the MOTU
FireWire Audio Control Panel Console to forget
about an interface entirely, you’ll see a Forget
button in the MOTU FireWire Audio Console. Just
click the Forget button and the MOTU FireWire
Audio Console will no longer consider the
interface to be present but off line (turned off).
32
INSTALLING THE 896HD HARDWARE
CHAPTER 4
Installing the 896HD Macintosh
Software
OVERVIEW
Software installation for Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software installation for Mac OS 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CueMix Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AudioDesk workstation software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
34
35
36
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION FOR MAC OS X
Install the 896HD software as follows:
1 Insert the MOTU FireWire Installer disc and
launch the installer.
2 Follow the directions that the installer gives you.
What does the OS X installer do?
The installer checks the computer to make sure it
satisfies the minimum system requirements for
your MOTU interface. If so, the installer proceeds
with the OS X installation. Drivers are installed,
along with the MOTU FireWire Audio Console,
FireWire CueMix Console, and several other
applications, summarized in the following table:
The 896HD CoreAudio driver
CoreAudio is a term that refers to the software
technology built into Mac OS X that provides all of
its standardized audio features. More specifically,
we use CoreAudio to refer to Mac OS X’s standard
audio driver model. A CoreAudio driver allows the
896HD to establish audio input and output with
any Mac OS X CoreAudio-compatible software.
Once the 896HD’s CoreAudio driver has been
successfully installed (by the installer), and you
have chosen it for use in your host audio software,
the 896HD will appear as a choice for audio inputs
and outputs in your software.
All MOTU audio hardware, including our PCI
systems and other FireWire interfaces, ship with
CoreAudio drivers that allow them to operate
successfully with virtually all Mac OS X audio
software.
Software component
Location
Purpose
For more information
MOTU FireWire CoreAudio
driver
/System/Library/
Extensions
Provides 896HD multi-channel audio input
and output with all Mac OS X audio software
“The 896HD CoreAudio
driver” on page 33
MOTU FireWire Audio Console
Applications folder
Provides access to all of the settings in the
896HD and other MOTU FireWire interfaces.
Required for 896HD operation.
chapter 5, “MOTU FireWire
Audio Console (Mac OS X)”
(page 37)
AudioDesk Workstation Software
Applications folder
Provides complete multi-track recording,
mixing and processing. Optional.
AudioDesk User Guide
AudioDesk Demo Project
Anywhere you want
Provides a multi-track mix that you can open,
play, and mix in AudioDesk. Optional.
AudioDesk User Guide
FireWire CueMix Console
Applications folder
Gives you complete control over the 896HD’s
CueMix DSP feature, which provides nolatency monitoring and mixing of live inputs
through your 896HD system.
chapter 12, “CueMix Console” (page 93)
33
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION FOR MAC OS 9
Install the 896HD software as follows:
1 Insert the MOTU FireWire Installer disc and
launch the installer.
2 Follow the directions that the installer gives you.
MOTU FireWire Audio Control Panel
The MOTU FireWire Audio Console is placed by
the installer in your Mac’s Apple menu (under
Control Panels). It gives you access to all of the
settings in the 896HD hardware, such as the sample
rate. For complete details, see chapter 6, “MOTU
FireWire Control Panel (Mac OS 9)” (page 45).
What does the OS 9 installer do?
The 896HD ships with the following Mac OS 9
software components:
Software
component
Location
Purpose
MOTU FireWire
Audio Driver
Extensions
Folder
Allow the 896HD to
establish communication with the computer.
MOTU
Folder
Extensions
Folder
Contains the MOTU
hard disk recording
engine. Required for
896HD operation with
AudioDesk and Digital
Performer.
MOTU FireWire
Audio Control
Panel
Apple menu
(Control Panels
Folder)
Provides access to all of
the settings in the
896HD hardware.
MOTU FireWire
Control Strip
Control Strip
(Control Strip
Modules
Folder)
Provides access to all of
the settings in the
896HD hardware.
AudioDesk
Workstation
Software
Top level of the
startup disk
Provides complete
multi-track recording,
mixing and processing.
Optional.
ASIO MOTU
FireWire Audio
Driver
In the ASIO
Drivers folder of
your audio software—other
than AudioDesk
or Digital Performer
Allows ASIO-compliant
audio software to do
multi-channel input and
output with the 896HD.
Only required if you are
using Cubase or another
ASIO-compatible program.
Anywhere you
want
Provides a multi-track
mix that you can open,
play, and mix in
AudioDesk. Optional.
MOTU FireWire
Enabler
AudioDesk
Demo Project
Figure 4-1: The MOTU FireWire Audio Console gives you access to all
of the settings in the 896HD hardware.
MOTU FireWire Control strip module
The MOTU FireWire Control Strip module is
placed by the installer in your Mac’s Control Strip.
Just like the MOTU FireWire Audio Console, it
gives you access to all of the settings in the 896HD
hardware. For complete details, see chapter 6,
“MOTU FireWire Control Panel (Mac OS 9)”
(page 45).
34
INSTALLING THE 896HD MACINTOSH SOFTWARE
Figure 4-2: The MOTU FireWire Control Strip module gives you access
to all of the settings in the MOTU FireWire hardware, just like the
MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
ASIO MOTU FireWire Audio driver
ASIO stands for Audio Streaming Input and Output.
The ASIO MOTU FireWire Audio driver allows
896HD to provide multi-channel input and output
for Steinberg’s Cubase VST software, or any other
audio application that supports ASIO drivers.
Figure 4-3: The ASIO MOTU FireWire Audio driver.
CUEMIX CONSOLE
This program provides a mixing console that gives
you control over the 896HD’s no-latency CueMix
DSP features. For details, see chapter 12, “CueMix
Console” (page 93).
The ASIO MOTU FireWire Audio driver is only
required if you are using Cubase VST (or another
audio program that relies on the ASIO driver to
support multi-channel I/O with the 896HD).
☛
Digital Performer and AudioDesk support
ASIO, but they also access the 896HD directly
through the MOTU Audio System, so it is not
necessary to use the ASIO driver with these MOTU
applications.
The ASIO MOTU FireWire Audio driver should be
placed in the ASIO folder of Cubase VST or other
ASIO-compliant software that you are running as
the software “front end” for the 896HD.
For details about using Cubase VST with the
896HD, see chapter 10, “Cubase, Nuendo and OS 9
ASIO Software” (page 75).
Figure 4-4: CueMix Console.
35
INSTALLING THE 896HD MACINTOSH SOFTWARE
AUDIODESK WORKSTATION SOFTWARE
The MOTU FireWire installer places AudioDesk
on the top level of your Macintosh’s startup
volume.
AudioDesk is an advanced workstation software
package for the 896HD that lets you record, edit,
mix, process, bounce and master multi-track
digital audio recording projects. Advanced features
include real-time 32-bit effects processing, sampleaccurate synchronization with ADATs, 24-bit
recording, and much more.
See the AudioDesk manual included with your
896HD system for details.
Figure 4-6: AudioDesk for Mac OS X.
Figure 4-5: AudioDesk for Mac OS 9.
36
INSTALLING THE 896HD MACINTOSH SOFTWARE
CHAPTER 5
MOTU FireWire Audio Console
(Mac OS X)
OVERVIEW
Accessing the 896HD settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
896HD Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default Stereo Input/Output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optical input/output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Rate Conversion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Programmable Meters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AES/EBU Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clip Hold Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peak Hold Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Word Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
‘General’ tab settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable Pedal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Launch console when hardware becomes available .
Edit Channel Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACCESSING THE 896HD SETTINGS
37
38
38
39
40
41
41
41
42
42
42
42
43
43
43
43
43
There are several ways to access the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console settings:
Click the MOTU FireWire Audio Console icon
in the dock
■
■ Press on the MOTU FireWire Audio Console
dock icon to open the menu shown below, or
control-click it to open the menu immediately
■ From within AudioDesk™ or Digital
Performer™, choose Setup menu>MOTU Audio
System options>Configure Hardware Driver (Note:
this dialog only provides access to basic settings
such as sample rate and clock source. For access to
all settings, use one of the techniques above.)
From within Cubase VST, go to the Audio menu,
choose System and then click the ASIO Control
Panel button. In Cubase SX, open the Devices
Setup window, click the VST Multitrack device and
click the Control Panel button.
■
37
■ From within other ASIO-compatible programs,
refer to their documentation.
General tab settings
The General tab provides settings that apply
globally to all connected MOTU FireWire
interfaces.
896HD tab settings
The 896HD tab provides settings that apply to a
specific 896HD interface. If you have several
896HD’s (or other MOTU FireWire audio
interfaces) connected, you’ll see a separate tab for
each one.
176.4 or 192KHz. If you are operating at a sample
rate between 44.1 and 96kHz, make absolutely sure
that all of the devices connected digitally to the
896HD match the 896HD’s sample rate. Also make
sure that your Digital Timepiece, MIDI
Timepiece AV or other digital audio synchronizer
matches it as well. At the 4x sample rates (176.4 or
192kHz), all digital I/O on the 896HD is disabled.
☛ Mismatched sample rates cause distortion and
crackling. If you hear this sort of thing, check the
sample rate settings in your hardware and here in
the MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
896HD SETTINGS
Sample Rate
Choose the desired Sample Rate for recording and
playback. The 896HD can operate at 44.1 (the
standard rate for compact disc audio), 48, 88.2, 96,
Operation at 4x sample rates (176.4 or 192kHz)
At the 4x sample rates (176.4 or 192kHz),
operation of the 896HD is restricted, due to the
higher audio bandwidth demands, as follows:
Figure 5-1: The MOTU FireWire Audio Console gives you access to all of the settings in the 896HD hardware.
38
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
■ All digital I/O is disabled (there is no optical and
no AES/EBU input/output).
■ The 896HD provides 8 channels of analog input
and 10 channels of analog output (8 XLR outputs
plus stereo headphone out), simultaneously.
CueMix DSP supports 2 independent monitor
mixes (instead of 4, as with the lower sample rates).
For details about CueMix DSP, see chapter 12,
“CueMix Console” (page 93).
■
■ The Mix1 input, as described in “Mix1 1-2” on
page 64, is not available.
■ The headphone output can be assigned to any
analog output pair or the Phones setting (as
described in “Phones” on page 41). But at the 4x
sample rates, the Phones output is not available
from the computer. Instead, it is only available as a
destination for the two CueMix DSP mixes. In
other words, it can only take CueMix inputs.
■
The main outs mirror the phones.
Clock Source
The Clock Source determines the digital audio
clock that the 896HD will use as its time base. For a
complete explanation of synchronization issues,
see “Making sync connections” on page 19. The
following sections briefly discuss each clock source
setting.
Internal
Use the Internal setting when you want the 896HD
to operate under its own digital audio clock. For
example, you may be in a situation where all you
are doing is playing tracks off hard disk in your
digital audio software on the computer. In a
situation like this, you most often don’t need to
reference an external clock of any kind.
Another example is transferring a mix to DAT. You
can operate the 896HD system on its internal
clock, and then slave the DAT deck to the 896HD
via the AES/EBU connection (usually DAT decks
slave to their AES/EBU input when you choose the
AES/EBU input as their record source) or via the
896HD’s word clock output (if your DAT deck has
a word clock input).
If you would like help determining if this is the
proper clock setting for your situation, see “Do you
need a synchronizer?” on page 20.
With ADAT devices, however, you usually want an
external digital audio synchronizer, such as the
MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece, to be the
digital clock master. In this case, you would set the
896HD clock source setting to ADAT 9-pin, as
described below.
AES/EBU
The AES/EBU clock source setting refers to the
AES/EBU input connector on the 896HD. This
setting allows the MOTU 896HD to slave to
another AES/EBU device.
Use this setting whenever you are recording input
from a DAT deck or other AES/EBU device into the
896HD. It is not necessary in the opposite direction
(when you are transferring from the 896HD to the
DAT machine).
For further details about this setting, see “Syncing
AES/EBU devices” on page 26.
Word Clock In
The Word Clock In setting refers to the Word Clock
In BNC connector on the 896HD rear panel.
Choosing this setting allows the 896HD to slave to
an external word clock source, such as the word
clock output from a digital mixer or another
MOTU FireWire interface.
ADAT 9-pin
The ADAT 9-pin clock source setting refers to the
ADAT digital audio synchronization format. It
allows the 896HD to slave to an ADAT — or ADAT
sync chain — via its ADAT sync 9-pin connector.
ADAT sync also carries precise, sample location
39
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
information, which allows AudioDesk and Digital
Performer to transfer audio to and from ADATsync compatible recorders without drifting by as
much as one sample.
Use this setting when you are using the 896HD
with one or more ADAT-sync compatible
recorders. Make sure the 896HD is connected to
the end of the ADAT sync chain.
You should also use this setting if you have a MIDI
Timepiece AV, which allows you to drive your
entire system from the transport controls of
AudioDesk, Digital Performer or other computer
software.
You could also use ADAT sync to continuously
resolve the 896HD to SMPTE time code, video,
and word clock via a synchronizer like the MOTU
MIDI Timepiece AV. Word clock can accomplish
the same thing.
For further details, see “Sample-accurate ADAT
sync” on page 22, “Sample-accurate ADAT sync
with no synchronizer” on page 23 and “Syncing to
video and/or SMPTE time code” on page 24.
ADAT optical
The ADAT optical clock source setting refers to the
clock provided by the 896HD’s optical input, when
it is connected to an ADAT optical device. This
setting can be used to slave the 896HD directly to
the optical input connection. Most of the time, you
can set up a better operating scenario that uses one
of the other synchronization options. However,
there may be occasions when you have an ADAT
optical compatible device that has no way of
synchronizing digitally to the 896HD or an
external synchronizer such as the Digital
Timepiece. In this case, the ADAT Optical clock
source setting lets you slave the 896HD to the
device itself via its digital input to the 896HD.
If the ADAT Optical setting does not appear in the
Clock Source menu, it means that the 896HD’s
optical input is currently turned off. Choose the
ADAT optical format from the Optical input menu
(Figure 5-1 on page 38).
This setting is also useful if you just need to make a
simple, click-free digital transfer between the
896HD and another device — where a time code
reference and shared transport control are not
needed — without having to set up an elaborate
synchronization scenario.
For further details about this setting, see “Syncing
optical devices” on page 25.
Other audio interfaces
You may see other audio interfaces in the Clock
Source list, such as another MOTU FireWire
interface, a MOTU PCI-324 or PCI-424 system, the
Macintosh built-in audio, or perhaps even another
third-party audio interface. The 896HD can
resolve to these other audio devices via their
CoreAudio driver. This allows you to play and
record audio with your host audio software via
both interfaces at the same time without their
audio streams drifting apart from one another over
long recording or playback passes. No external
synchronization connections are required for this
setting, as the two devices are entirely resolved via
the software driver.
Default Stereo Input/Output
In the System Preferences window, Mac OS X lets
you choose third-party hardware such as the
896HD for your Macintosh sound input and
output. The system input and output can be used
for alert sounds and general audio I/O for
applications like iTunes, iMovie, etc.
40
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
If your Macintosh system software does not meet
these minimum requirements, the Default Stereo
Input/Output options do not appear in the MOTU
FireWire Console window.
Optical input/output
The Optical input and Optical output settings let
you choose between ADAT (‘lightpipe’) or OFF.
Turning it off frees up FireWire bandwidth. In
other words, it opens up resources on the FireWire
bus for other devices connected via FireWire.
Phones
The Phones setting lets you choose what you will
hear from the headphone jack. Choose Main Outs
if you’d like the headphone output to match the
main outs. Choose Phones if you would like the
headphones to serve as their own independent
output, which you can access as an independent
output destination in your host audio software and
as an output destination for the four on-board
CueMix DSP mix busses.
Figure 5-2: The Mac OS X sound preferences let you use the 896HD for
general stereo audio input and output for your Mac.
The Default Stereo Input and Default Stereo Output
settings in the MOTU FireWire Console
(Figure 5-1 on page 38) let you specify the stereo
input and output on the 896HD to be used when it
is chosen as the audio I/O device in the system
preferences.
☛
Note: The Default Stereo Input/Output
settings have the following system software
requirements:
■
Mac OS X 10.2.x together with QuickTime 6.4
OR
■
At the 4x sample rates (176.4 and 192kHz), the
headphone output can be assigned to any analog
output pair or the Phones setting, as described
above. But at the 4x sample rates, the Phones
output is not available as an output destination for
software on the computer. Instead, it is only
available as a destination for the two CueMix DSP
mixes. In other words, it can only take CueMix
inputs.
Sample Rate Conversion
This option lets you control AES/EBU sample rate
conversion. Sample rate conversion is available
when the 896HD is operating at the 1x sample rates
(44.1 and 48kHz) or the 2x sample rates (88.2 or
96kHz). AES/EBU is disabled entirely at the 4x
samples rates (176.4 and 192kHz). Each option is
explained below.
Mac OS X 10.3 (aka Panther) or later
41
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
None
No sample rate conversion occurs. Both the AES/
EBU input and output match the sample rate of the
896HD’s system clock.
AES In
The AES/EBU input locks to the sample rate of the
input signal (whatever it happens to be) and
converts it to the 896HD system clock rate. The
Rate Conversion LEDs on the 896HD front panel
indicate the incoming sample rate and that rate
conversion is occurring.
AES Out slave to AES in
To make the AES/EBU output sample rate match
the sample rate currently being received by the
896HD’s AES/EBU input, choose AES Out slave to
AES in. This setting requires a connection to the
896HD’s AES/EBU input from a device that is
transmitting an AES/EBU clock signal.
Programmable Meters
This option lets you choose which bank you wish
to monitor with the eight programmable meters on
the MOTU 896HD front panel. Your choices are:
Analog Out, ADAT In or ADAT Out. You can also
adjust this setting by repeatedly pushing the
VOLUME knob on the 896HD front panel.
AES/EBU Meters
This option lets you choose to monitor either AES/
EBU input or output with the programmable AES/
EBU meters on the MOTU 896HD front panel. You
can also adjust this setting by repeatedly pushing
the VOLUME knob on the 896HD front panel.
Clip Hold Time
The Clip Hold Time option controls how long the
top red LED remains illuminated after clipping
occurs (see Figure 5-3 below).
The ‘Clip Hold Time’ option controls
how long this LED remains illuminated.
☛
Be careful when both the 896HD’s AES/EBU
input and output are connected to the same
external device: this option is likely to create a
clock loop.
This LED lights up momentarily.
Figure 5-3: The Clip Hold Time option.
☛
When you are using the AES/EBU input as a
clock source for sample rate conversion on the
AES/EBU output, you cannot use the AES/EBU
input for audio input.
AES Out x 2 / AES Out ÷ 2
Choose one of these sample rates when the desired
AES/EBU output rate needs to be twice the 896HD
system clock rate (when the system clock is at
either 44.1 or 48 kHz) or half the system clock rate
(when the system clock is at 88.2 or 96 kHz). Either
way, the AES/EBU output remains resolved to the
896HD system clock. For further details about this
option, see “Syncing AES/EBU devices” on
page 26.
If you want the ability to clear the LED manually
from your host audio software or the Cue Mix
Console, Choose Infinite from the Clip Hold Time
menu. In Digital Performer or AudioDesk, you can
clear the 896HD clip LEDs by choosing Audio
menu>Clear All Clipping Indicators.
Peak Hold Time
The 896HD front-panel level meters support
standard peak/hold metering, where the LED for
the highest level recently measured on the channel
remains illuminated for a brief period of time while
the rest of the LEDs below it remain fully dynamic.
The Peak Hold Time controls how long the peakhold LED remain illuminated before going dark
again.
42
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
Word Out
The Word Out menu appears when the 896HD is
operating at a 2x sample rate (88.2 or 96kHz) or 4x
sample rate (176.4 or 192kHz). This menu lets you
set the word clock output either to match the
current sample rate (System Clock) or force it to the
corresponding 1x rate (either 44.1 or 48kHz). For
example, if the 896HD were operating at 176.4kHz,
choosing the Force 44.1/48kHz option would
produce word clock output at 44.1kHz.
(e.g. “vocal mic”, “lead guitar”, etc.), instead of the
default generic names (“Analog 1”, “Analog 2”,
etc.)
There are several conditions for your custom
channel names to appear in your Mac OS X audio
software. First, your software must support Mac
OS X’s port naming features. Secondly, this feature
has the following system software requirements:
■
‘GENERAL’ TAB SETTINGS
Enable Pedal
Check the Enable Pedal option if a foot switch is
connected to the 896HD and you would like to
trigger recording punch in/out (or other software
functions) with it. Use the Set buttons to determine
what keystroke is triggered by the pedal-up and
pedal-down positions. You can assign the pedal to
any two keystrokes you wish. (You are not
restricted to punch in/out.)
Mac OS X 10.2.x together with QuickTime 6.4
OR
■
Mac OS X 10.3 (aka Panther) or later
If your Macintosh system software does not meet
these minimum requirements, the Default Stereo
Input/Output options do not appear in the MOTU
FireWire Console window, and you’ll see generic
port names in your host audio software.
Launch console when hardware becomes
available
Check this option if you would like the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console icon to appear in the
application dock as soon as a MOTU FireWire
interface is detected (switched on, plugged in, etc.)
Edit Channel Names
Click the Edit Channel Names button to open the
Channel Names window (Figure 5-4). This
window lets you edit the names of the 896HD
inputs and outputs, as they appear in your host
audio software. For example, when you click on a
menu that displays the 896HD inputs (or outputs),
you will see the names you specify in this window
Figure 5-4: The Edit Channel Names window.
43
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
Figure 5-5: 896HD channel names as they appear in Digital
Performer.
44
MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE (MAC OS X)
CHAPTER 6
MOTU FireWire Control Panel
(Mac OS 9)
OVERVIEW
ACCESSING THE 896HD SETTINGS
The MOTU FireWire Control Panel provides
access to all 896HD settings. These settings can
also be accessed from the MOTU FireWire Control
Strip module or from the Configure Hardware
Driver command in AudioDesk or Digital
Performer (Basics menu).
There are several ways to access the MOTU
FireWire Control Panel settings:
Accessing the 896HD settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
896HD Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Samples Per Buffer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable Sound Manager driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable Pedal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optical input/output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Rate Conversion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Programmable Meters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AES/EBU Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clip Hold Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peak Hold Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Word Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If 896HD settings are grayed out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
46
46
46
48
49
49
49
49
49
49
50
50
50
50
51
51
51
■ From the Apple menu, choose the MOTU
FireWire Control Panel
■ From the MacOS control strip, click on the
MOTU FireWire Control Strip Module
■ From within AudioDesk™ or Digital
Performer™, choose Basics menu>MOTU Audio
System options>Configure Hardware Driver
■ From within Cubase (Version 5 or higher), click
the ASIO Control Panel button in the System Setup
dialog as shown in Figure 10-3 on page 78.
45
■ From within other ASIO-compatible programs,
refer to their documentation.
It doesn’t matter which way you access the 896HD
settings. They are the same in all three places.
☛ Mismatched sample rates cause distortion and
crackling. If you hear this sort of thing, check the
sample rate settings in your hardware and here in
the MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
Operation at 4x sample rates (176.4 or 192kHz)
At the 4x sample rates (176.4 or 192kHz),
operation of the 896HD is restricted, due to the
higher audio bandwidth demands, as follows:
896HD SETTINGS
■ All digital I/O is disabled (there is no optical and
no AES/EBU input/output).
■ The 896HD provides 8 channels of analog input
and 10 channels of analog output (8 XLR outputs
plus stereo headphone out), simultaneously.
CueMix DSP supports 2 independent monitor
mixes (instead of 4, as with the lower sample rates).
For details about CueMix DSP, see chapter 12,
“CueMix Console” (page 93).
■
The Mix1 input, as described in “Mix1 1-2” on
page 64, is not available.
■
Figure 6-1: The MOTU FireWire Control Panel gives you access to all of
the settings in the 896HD hardware.
Sample Rate
Choose the desired Sample Rate for recording and
playback. The 896HD can operate at 44.1 (the
standard rate for compact disc audio), 48, 88.2, 96,
176.4 or 192KHz. If you are operating at a sample
rate between 44.1 and 96kHz, make absolutely sure
that all of the devices connected digitally to the
896HD match the 896HD’s sample rate. Also make
sure that your Digital Timepiece, MIDI
Timepiece AV or other digital audio synchronizer
matches it as well. At the 4x sample rates (176.4 or
192kHz), all digital I/O on the 896HD is disabled.
■ The headphone output can be assigned to any
analog output pair or the Phones setting (as
described in “Phones” on page 49). But at the 4x
sample rates, the Phones output is not available
from the computer. Instead, it is only available as a
destination for the two CueMix DSP mixes. In
other words, it can only take CueMix inputs.
■
The main outs mirror the phones.
Clock Source
The Clock Source determines the digital audio
clock that the 896HD will use as its time base. For a
complete explanation of synchronization issues,
see “Making sync connections” on page 19. The
following sections briefly discuss each clock source
setting.
Internal
Use the Internal setting when you want the 896HD
to operate under its own digital audio clock. For
example, you may be in a situation where all you
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MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
are doing is playing tracks off hard disk in your
digital audio software on the computer. In a
situation like this, you most often don’t need to
reference an external clock of any kind.
an external word clock source, such as the word
clock output from a digital mixer or another
MOTU FireWire interface.
Another example is transferring a mix to DAT. You
can operate the 896HD system on its internal
clock, and then slave the DAT deck to the 896HD
via the AES/EBU connection (usually DAT decks
slave to their AES/EBU input when you choose the
AES/EBU input as their record source) or via the
896HD’s word clock output (if your DAT deck has
a word clock input).
ADAT 9-pin
The ADAT 9-pin clock source setting refers to the
ADAT digital audio synchronization format. It
allows the 896HD to slave to an ADAT — or ADAT
sync chain — via its ADAT sync 9-pin connector.
ADAT sync also carries precise, sample location
information, which allows AudioDesk and Digital
Performer to transfer audio to and from ADATs
without drifting by as much as one sample.
If you would like help determining if this is the
proper clock setting for your situation, see “Do you
need a synchronizer?” on page 20.
Use this setting when you are using the 896HD
with one or more ADATs. Make sure the 896HD is
connected to the end of the ADAT sync chain.
With ADAT devices, however, you usually want an
external digital audio synchronizer, such as the
MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece, to be the
digital clock master. In this case, you would set the
896HD clock source setting to ADAT 9-pin, as
described below.
You should also use this setting if you have a MIDI
Timepiece AV, which allows you to drive your
entire system from the transport controls of
AudioDesk, Digital Performer or other software.
AES/EBU
The AES/EBU clock source setting refers to the
AES/EBU input connector on the 896HD. This
setting allows the MOTU 896HD to slave to
another AES/EBU device.
Use this setting whenever you are recording input
from a DAT deck or other AES/EBU device into the
896HD. It is not necessary in the opposite direction
(when you are transferring from the 896HD to the
DAT machine).
For further details about this setting, see “Syncing
AES/EBU devices” on page 26.
Word Clock In
The Word Clock In setting refers to the Word Clock
In BNC connector on the 896HD rear panel.
Choosing this setting allows the 896HD to slave to
You could also use ADAT sync to continuously
resolve the 896HD to SMPTE time code, video,
and word clock via a synchronizer like the MOTU
MIDI Timepiece AV. Word clock can accomplish
the same thing.
For further details, see “Sample-accurate ADAT
sync” on page 22, “Sample-accurate ADAT sync
with no synchronizer” on page 23 and “Syncing to
video and/or SMPTE time code” on page 24.
ADAT optical
The ADAT optical clock source setting refers to the
clock provided by the 896HD’s optical input, when
it is connected to an ADAT optical device. This
setting can be used to slave the 896HD directly to
the optical input connection. Most of the time, you
can set up a better operating scenario that uses one
of the other synchronization options. However,
there may be occasions when you have an ADAT
optical compatible device that has no way of
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MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
synchronizing digitally to the 896HD or an
external synchronizer such as the Digital
Timepiece. In this case, the ADAT Optical clock
source setting lets you slave the 896HD to the
device itself via its digital input to the 896HD.
your host audio software. When doing so, you may
hear or feel some “sponginess” (delay) between the
source and the processed signal. If so, don’t worry.
This effect only affects what you hear: it is not
present in what is actually recorded.
If the ADAT Optical setting does not appear in the
menu, it means that the 896HD’s optical input is
currently either turned off. Choose the ADAT
optical format from the Optical input menu
(Figure 6-1 on page 46).
You can use Samples Per Buffer setting to reduce
this monitoring delay—and even make it
completely inaudible.
This setting is also useful if you just need to make a
simple, click-free digital transfer between the
896HD and another device — where a time code
reference and shared transport control are not
needed — without having to set up an elaborate
synchronization scenario.
For further details about this setting, see “Syncing
optical devices” on page 25.
Other audio interfaces
You may see other audio interfaces in the Clock
Source list, such as another MOTU FireWire
interface, a MOTU PCI-324 or PCI-424 system, the
Macintosh built-in audio, or perhaps even another
third-party audio interface. The 896HD can
resolve to these other audio devices via their
CoreAudio driver. This allows you to play and
record audio with your host audio software via
both interfaces at the same time without their
audio streams drifting apart from one another over
long recording or playback passes. No external
synchronization connections are required for this
setting, as the two devices are entirely resolved via
the software driver.
Samples Per Buffer
The Samples Per Buffer setting lets you reduce the
delay you hear when patching live audio through
your audio software. For example, you might have
a live microphone input that you would like to run
through a reverb plug-in that you are running in
☛
If you don’t need to process an incoming live
signal with software plug-ins, you can monitor the
signal with no delay at all using CueMix Console,
which routes the signal directly to your speakers
via hardware. For details, see chapter 12, “CueMix
Console” (page 93).
Adjusting the Samples Per Buffer setting impacts
the following things:
■
The strain on your computer’s CPU
■ The delay you hear when routing a live signal
through your host audio software plug-ins
How responsive the transport controls are in
your software
■
This setting presents you with a trade-off between
the processing power of your computer and the
delay of live audio as it is being processed by
plug-ins. If you reduce the Samples Per Buffer, you
reduce patch thru latency, but significantly increase
the overall processing load on your computer,
leaving less CPU bandwidth for things like realtime effects processing. On the other hand, if you
increase the Samples Per Buffer, you reduce the load
on your computer, freeing up bandwidth for
effects, mixing and other real-time operations. But
don’t set the Samples Per Buffer too low, or it may
cause distortion in your audio.
If you don’t process live inputs with software
plug-ins, leave this setting at its default value of
1024 samples. If you do, try settings of 256 samples
or less, if your computer seems to be able to handle
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MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
them. If your host audio software has a processor
meter, check it. If it starts getting maxed out, or if
the computer seems sluggish, raise the Samples Per
Buffer until performance returns to normal.
If you are at a point in your recording project where
you are not currently working with live, patchedthru material (e.g. you’re not recording vocals), or
if you have a way of externally monitoring input,
choose a higher Samples Per Buffer setting.
Depending on your computer’s CPU speed, you
might find that settings in the middle work best.
The Samples Per Buffer setting also impacts how
quickly your audio software will respond when you
begin playback, although not by amounts that are
very noticeable. Lowering the Samples Per Buffer
will make your software respond faster; raising the
Samples Per Buffer will make it a little bit slower, but
barely enough to notice.
Monitoring live inputs without plug-in effects
As mentioned earlier, CueMix Console allows you
to monitor dry, unprocessed live inputs with no
delay at all. For complete details, see chapter 11,
“Reducing Monitoring Latency” (page 85).
Enable Sound Manager driver
Check the Enable Sound Manager option if you
would like to route Sound Manager audio to and
from the 896HD. For example, you could listen to
an audio CD playing in the CD drive of your
Macintosh through headphones connected to the
896HD. As another example, you could route audio
from a pair of 896HD inputs into a third-party
Sound Manager-compatible audio application. Use
the menus provided to choose the desired 896HD
inputs and outputs you would like to route to/from
Sound Manager.
☛
This option is disabled when the 896HD is set
to a high sample rate (88.2, 96, 176.4 or 192kHz).
Enable Pedal
Check the Enable Pedal option if a foot switch is
connected to the 896HD and you would like to
trigger recording punch in/out (or other software
functions) with it. Use the Set buttons to determine
what keystroke is trigger by the pedal-up and
pedal-down positions. You can assign the pedal to
any two keystrokes you wish. (You are not
restricted to punch in/out.)
Interface menu
If you are operating multiple MOTU FireWire
audio interfaces, use this menu to access their
settings. When you choose an interface from this
menu, its settings are displayed in the window.
Disable
This check box, when checked, takes the interface
currently chosen in the Interface menu off line.
When it is off line, its inputs and outputs are not
available to audio applications, and bandwidth on
the FireWire bus is relinquished, freeing it up for
other devices.
Optical input/output
The Optical input and Optical output settings let
you choose between ADAT (‘lightpipe’) or OFF.
Turning it off frees up FireWire bandwidth. In
other words, it opens up resources on the FireWire
bus for other devices connected via FireWire.
Phones
The Phones setting lets you choose what you will
hear from the headphone jack. Choose Main Outs
if you’d like the headphone output to match the
main outs. Choose Phones if you would like the
headphones to serve as their own independent
output, which you can access as an independent
output destination in your host audio software and
as an output destination for the four on-board
CueMix DSP mix busses.
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MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
At the 4x sample rates (176.4 and 192kHz), the
headphone output can be assigned to any analog
output pair or the Phones setting, as described
above. But at the 4x sample rates, the Phones
output is not available as an output destination for
software on the computer. Instead, it is only
available as a destination for the two CueMix DSP
mixes. In other words, it can only take CueMix
inputs.
Sample Rate Conversion
This option lets you control AES/EBU sample rate
conversion. Sample rate conversion is available
when the 896HD is operating at the 1x sample rates
(44.1 and 48kHz) or the 2x sample rates (88.2 or
96kHz). AES/EBU is disabled entirely at the 4x
samples rates (176.4 and 192kHz). Each option is
explained below.
None
No sample rate conversion occurs. Both the AES/
EBU input and output match the sample rate of the
896HD’s system clock.
AES In
The AES/EBU input locks to the sample rate of the
input signal (whatever it happens to be) and
converts it to the 896HD system clock rate. The
Rate Conversion LEDs on the 896HD front panel
indicate the incoming sample rate and that rate
conversion is occurring.
AES Out slave to AES in
To make the AES/EBU output sample rate match
the sample rate currently being received by the
896HD’s AES/EBU input, choose AES Out slave to
AES in. This setting requires a connection to the
896HD’s AES/EBU input from a device that is
transmitting an AES/EBU clock signal.
☛
Be careful when both the 896HD’s AES/EBU
input and output are connected to the same
external device: this option is likely to create a
clock loop.
☛ When you are using the AES/EBU input as a
clock source for sample rate conversion on the
AES/EBU output, you cannot use the AES/EBU
input for audio input.
AES Out x 2 / AES Out ÷ 2
Choose one of these sample rates when the desired
AES/EBU output rate needs to be twice the 896HD
system clock rate (when the system clock is at
either 44.1 or 48 kHz) or half the system clock rate
(when the system clock is at 88.2 or 96 kHz). Either
way, the AES/EBU output remains resolved to the
896HD system clock. For further details about this
option, see “Syncing AES/EBU devices” on
page 26.
Programmable Meters
This option lets you choose which bank you wish
to monitor with the eight programmable meters on
the MOTU 896HD front panel. Your choices are:
Analog Out, ADAT In or ADAT Out.
AES/EBU Meters
This option lets you choose to monitor either AES/
EBU input or output with the programmable AES/
EBU meters on the MOTU 896HD front panel.
Clip Hold Time
The Clip Hold Time option controls how long the
top red LED remains illuminated after clipping
occurs (see Figure 6-2 below).
The ‘Clip Hold Time’ option controls
how long this LED remains illuminated.
This LED lights up momentarily.
Figure 6-2: The Clip Hold Time option.
If you want the ability to clear the LED manually
from your host audio software or the Cue Mix
Console, Choose Infinite from the Clip Hold Time
menu. In Digital Performer or AudioDesk, you can
clear the 896HD clip LEDs by choosing Audio
menu>Clear All Clipping Indicators.
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MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
Peak Hold Time
The 896HD front-panel level meters support
standard peak/hold metering, where the LED for
the highest level recently measured on the channel
remains illuminated for a brief period of time while
the rest of the LEDs below it remain fully dynamic.
The Peak Hold Time controls how long the peakhold LED remain illuminated before going dark
again.
Word Out
The Word Out menu appears when the 896HD is
operating at a 2x sample rate (88.2 or 96kHz) or 4x
sample rate (176.4 or 192kHz). This menu lets you
set the word clock output either to match the
current sample rate (System Clock) or force it to the
corresponding 1x rate (either 44.1 or 48kHz). For
example, if the 896HD were operating at 176.4kHz,
choosing the Force 44.1/48kHz option would
produce word clock output at 44.1kHz.
IF 896HD SETTINGS ARE GRAYED OUT
If the MOTU FireWire driver is currently in use by
an audio program (or Sound Manager), some of its
settings cannot be changed and are therefore
grayed out in the MOTU FireWire Control Panel
menus. (Settings that cannot be changed are ones
on which audio applications continuously depend
for smooth, error free operation.) If you find that a
MOTU FireWire Control Panel setting that you
wish to change is grayed out, simply quit all
896HD-compatible audio programs (which may
include Sound Manager-compatible programs,
too, if you are using the 896HD with Sound
Manager). Once you have quit all applications, all
MOTU FireWire Control Panel settings will be
available (not grayed out).
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MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
52
MOTU FIREWIRE CONTROL PANEL (MAC OS 9)
CHAPTER 7
Digital Performer
OVERVIEW
SETTING UP YOUR SYSTEM
This chapter provides a brief overview of Digital
Performer’s basic I/O and synchronization
operation with the 896HD hardware. This chapter
covers both DP3 with Mac OS 9 and DP4 with Mac
OS X.
As described in chapter 4, “Installing the 896HD
Macintosh Software” (page 33), the Digital
Performer and MOTU 896HD software installers
will properly install and update everything for you.
Setting up your system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The 896HD settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Be sure you have enough voices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trimming the analog inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with 896HD inputs and outputs . . . . . . . . . . . .
24-bit operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fine-tuning I/O timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MIDI Machine Control (MMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processing live inputs with plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a foot switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exchanging projects with AudioDesk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sound Manager and Digital Performer (OS 9 only) . .
53
53
55
56
56
56
56
57
58
58
58
58
58
If you are using a MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital
Timepiece for synchronization, be sure they are
present in Audio MIDI setup (or FreeMIDI Setup
under Mac OS 9).
THE 896HD SETTINGS
896HD settings in Mac OS 9
In Mac OS 9, the 896HD settings can be accessed
by choosing MOTU Audio System
options>Configure Hardware Driver from the
Basics menu. This is where you choose the 896HD
as your audio input output device. Once you’ve
done so, you should see the 896HD settings as
shown below in Figure 7-1.
53
Figure 7-1: The 896HD settings in Mac OS 9.
896HD settings in Mac OS X
In Mac OS X, choose the 896HD as your audio
input output device by choosing MOTU Audio
System options>Configure Hardware Driver from
the Setup menu. This window shows some of the
896HD settings, such as sample rate and clock
source, but to access all of the 896HD settings,
open the MOTU FireWire Audio Console, as
shown in Figure 5-1 on page 38.
Figure 7-2: Under Mac OS X, choose Setup menu> Configure Audio
System> Configure Hardware Driver to open the dialog shown above
and access the 896HD CoreAudio driver. To access the rest of the
896HD settings, open the MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
For complete details about the 896HD settings, see
chapter 5, “MOTU FireWire Audio Console (Mac
OS X)” (page 37) or chapter 6, “MOTU FireWire
Control Panel (Mac OS 9)” (page 45). The
following sections provide a brief explanation of
each 896HD setting for use with Digital Performer.
Sample rate
Choose the desired overall sample rate for the
896HD system and Digital Performer. Newly
recorded audio in Digital Performer will have this
sample rate. Imported audio or soundbites in
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DIGITAL PERFORMER
existing files that do not match this sample rate will
be displayed in the Soundbites window with a red
‘X’ on its move handle to indicate that it cannot be
played. Use the commands in the Soundbites
window mini-menu to sample rate convert the
files, if desired.
Before running the 896HD at the 4x sample rates,
see “Operation at 4x sample rates (176.4 or
192kHz)” on page 38.
Clock Source
This setting is very important because it
determines which audio clock the 896HD will
follow.
If you do not have any digital audio connections to
your 896HD (you are using the analog inputs and
outputs only), and you will not be slaving Digital
Performer to an external clock source, choose
Internal.
If you are slaving the 896HD to the ADAT Sync or
Word Clock input connector, choose ADAT 9-pin
or Word Clock In, respectively.
For information about the other clock source
settings, see “Clock Source” on page 39.
If you have digital audio devices connected to the
896HD, see “Making sync connections” on
page 19.
Buffer Size (OS X) / Samples Per Buffer (OS 9)
The Buffer Size setting (Samples Per Buffer under
Mac OS 9) can be used to reduce the delay — or
monitoring latency — that you hear when live audio
is patched through your 896HD hardware and
Digital Performer. For example, you might have
MIDI instruments, samplers, microphones, and so
on connected to the analog inputs of the 896HD. If
so, you will often be mixing their live input with
audio material recorded in Digital Performer. See
chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring Latency”
(page 85) for complete details.
Optical input and output
To make the 896HD optical input or output
available in Digital Performer, turn them on in the
optical input and/or output menu. If you won’t be
using the optical connectors, turn them off.
Phones
This 896HD setting lets you choose what you’ll
hear from the headphone jack. For example, if you
choose Main Outs, the headphones will duplicate
the main outs. Or you can choose any other output
pair. If you choose Phones, this setting makes the
headphone jack serve as its own independent
output pair (except when running at 176.4 or
192kHz). As a result, you’ll see Phones 1-2 as an
additional audio destination in Digital Performer’s
audio output menus.
BE SURE YOU HAVE ENOUGH VOICES
Go to the Setup menu (Basics menu under Mac OS
9) and choose MOTU Audio System
Options>Configure Studio Size. Then check to
make sure you have enough mono and stereo audio
voices to cover the 18 channels of input and 22
channels of output provided by your 896HD —
although the number of channels may depend on
how your 896HD is configured:
■ 12 channels for analog I/O (including the
headphone out)
■
2 channels for AES/EBU
■ Zero or 8 channels for optical, depending on
whether you have optical turned off or set to ADAT
optical
For example, if you are using analog only, the
896HD requires a minimum of 12 voices (for 12
channels of output). If you are using analog and
AES/EBU, you need 14 voices.
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DIGITAL PERFORMER
As another example, if you are using analog,
AES/EBU and ADAT optical, you need 22 voices
(the maximum number of simultaneous output
channels provided by the 896HD).
TRIMMING THE ANALOG INPUTS
The 896HD analog inputs provide trim knobs on
the front panel. To calibrate an audio input:
1 Record-enable a track in Digital Performer.
2 Choose the desired 896HD input for the track.
3 Open the Audio Monitor window.
4 As you feed signal to the input, adjust the input’s
corresponding trim knob on the front panel of the
896HD until peaks in the level meter are as high as
possible without clipping (hitting zero dB).
WORKING WITH 896HD INPUTS AND
OUTPUTS
first mix bus of the four on-board no-latency
monitor mixes in the 896HD) to your computer.
This input serves, for example, as a convenient way
for you to record the 896HD’s MIX1 monitor mix
into Digital Performer (for reference and archiving
purposes). Further, if you are sending audio from
Digital Performer to the same output pair as MIX1,
you can choose to either include or exclude the
audio from the computer in the MIX1 stream being
sent to Digital Performer. For details on how to do
this, see “Mix1 Return Includes Computer” on
page 96.
The Mix1 1-2 input is not available at the 4x sample
rates (176.4 or 192kHz).
☛ Warning: the Mix1 1-2 input can cause
feedback loops! DO NOT assign this input to a
track that shares the same 896HD output pair as
MIX1.
Once you’ve enabled the MOTU FireWire Audio
driver as explained earlier in “The 896HD settings”
on page 53, 896HD audio inputs and outputs will
appear in Digital Performer’s audio input and
output menus. If you don’t see the optical inputs
and/or outputs, check the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console to make sure they are turned on and set to
the format you require. If you don’t plan to use the
optical input or output, turn it off to conserve
computer bandwidth.
24-BIT OPERATION
Phones 1-2
If you’ve chosen to treat the 896HD headphones as
an independent output, you’ll see Phones 1-2 in
Digital Performer’s output menus. Audio tracks
assigned to this output pair will be heard on the
headphone jack only. For further explanation, see
“Phones” on page 41.
FINE-TUNING I/O TIMING
Mix1 1-2
In Digital Performer’s audio input menus, you’ll see
an 896HD input called Mix1 1-2. This input source
delivers the output of CueMix DSP “MIX1” (the
Your 896HD hardware fully supports Digital
Performer’s 24-bit recording capabilities, including
both analog and digital 24-bit recording. If you
would like to record and play back 24-bit audio
files, go to the Setup menu (Basics menu under OS
9), choose MOTU Audio System options>Configure
Sample Format, and choose 24-bit recording as the
sample format. This setting is saved with the
Digital Performer project.
The 896HD has the ability to be sample accurate.
This means that when you transfer audio between
Digital Performer and an ADAT (or other ADATsync compatible recorder), for example, you can
record the audio back and forth as many times as
you want between them and it will remain exactly
at its original sample location (unless you move it
in Digital Performer, of course).
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DIGITAL PERFORMER
Occasionally, you may encounter a situation in
which you observe a slight offset of one sample —
or maybe a few — caused by inherent latencies in
the devices you are using with the 896HD. Usually,
these offsets will be consistent, and you can
compensate for them in Digital Performer. To do
so, choose MOTU Audio System Options>Finetune Audio I/O Timing from the Setup menu
(Basics menu under Mac OS 9) as shown in
Figure 7-3.
Figure 7-3: Fine-tuning the timing of audio playback and recording.
SYNCHRONIZATION
Digital Performer can run under its own transport
control or slave to an external sync source, such as
SMPTE time code or ADAT sync (sample address).
Running DP under its own transport control
If you do not need to synchronize Digital
Performer with time code or another recording
device, such as a tape deck, just leave the Slave to
External Sync command in the Studio menu
(Basics menu under OS 9) unchecked.
However, even though Digital Performer is not
slaving to external sync, you still need to be
concerned with the synchronization of the
896HD’s digital audio clock with other devices
connected to it digitally (if any). For example, if
you have a digital mixer connected to the 896HD
via an ADAT optical lightpipe cable, you need to
make sure that their audio clocks are phase-locked.
For details, see “Syncing optical devices” on
page 25 and “Making sync connections” on
page 19. If you don’t have any digital audio devices
connected to the 896HD, digital audio phase-lock
does not apply to you.
Resolving DP and the 896HD to word clock,
video and/or SMPTE time code
To resolve your Digital Performer/896HD system
to word clock, video and/or SMPTE time code
using an additional synchronization device, use
the setup shown in “Syncing word clock devices”
on page 29 or “Syncing to video and/or SMPTE
time code” on page 24.
Choose Receive Sync from the Setup menu (Basics
menu under Mac OS 9) and choose the MTC
(MIDI Time Code) option. Then make sure that
the Slave to External Sync command in the Studio
menu (Basics menu under Mac OS 9) is checked.
To ensure that your audio tracks don’t drift out of
sync with your MIDI tracks — or time code, use a
hardware synchronizer like the MIDI Timepiece
AV or Digital Timepiece to resolve the 896HD
hardware as well, as shown in Figure 3-23 on
page 29. A digital audio synchronizer is required
for drift-free SMPTE/MIDI time code sync. Make
sure the Clock Source setting in the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console window has the
appropriate setting for locking the 896HD to the
synchronizer. For example, in Figure 3-23 on
page 29, word clock is being used to resolve the
896HD, so the Clock Source setting is Word Clock
In.
☛
If you have an ADAT sync compatible device,
don’t use SMPTE time code. Instead, use sampleaccurate sync as described in the next section.
Sample-accurate sync to ADAT and Tascam
Together, Digital Performer and the 896HD
provide you with sample-accurate transfers with
ADATs, Alesis recorders and any other devices that
support standard ADAT sample address (ADAT
Sync).
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DIGITAL PERFORMER
Similarly, with the help of a MOTU Digital
Timepiece, Digital Performer and a 896HD can
perform sample-accurate transfers with Tascam
digital recorders.
A sample-accurate transfer is one in which the
original location of the audio is preserved in the
transfer, down to the sample.
For details on how to set up sample-accurate sync,
see “Sample-accurate sync” on page 21. Be sure to
choose the Sample Accurate Sync option in Digital
Performer’s Receive Sync dialog, and make sure that
the Slave to External Sync command is checked,
too.
To control the transports of everything together
from Digital Performer, see the next section.
MIDI MACHINE CONTROL (MMC)
If you have ADATs and a MMC-compatible ADAT
synchronizer like the MIDI Timepiece AV or
Digital Timepiece, you can control everything
from your computer screen with Digital
Performer’s transport controls and cueing features
(like Markers, the playback wiper, etc.)
Similarly, if you have Tascam recorders and a
MOTU Digital Timepiece (or other MMCcompatible Tascam synchronizer), can control all
of your Tascam decks (in ABS time) in a similar
fashion from Digital Performer.
See the MIDI Machine Control chapter in your
MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece manual
for details on how to set this up.
PROCESSING LIVE INPUTS WITH PLUG-INS
If you patch a live input (such as a MIDI
synthesizer) through a plug-in effect in Digital
Performer, you might hear a slight delay. There are
several ways to reduce this delay. For details, see
chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring Latency”
(page 85).
USING A FOOT SWITCH
Use a foot switch connected to the 896HD to
trigger recording punch-in and punch-out, or any
other feature in Digital Performer that is assigned
to a computer keystroke. By default, the foot switch
triggers the 3 key on the computer keypad (which
toggles Digital Performer’s record button.) To
trigger a different set of keystrokes with the foot
switch, visit the MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
(See “Enable Pedal” on page 43.)
EXCHANGING PROJECTS WITH AUDIODESK
AudioDesk Version 1 projects
Digital Performer (Version 2.6 or later) can
exchange files with AudioDesk (Version 1). For
example, you can transfer a file from Digital
Performer to AudioDesk, and back again. Just use
Save As in Digital Performer’s File menu and
choose the AudioDesk file format. To open
AudioDesk Version 1 files in Digital Performer, just
use the Open command. (No conversion is
required beforehand in AudioDesk.)
If you have an earlier version of Digital Performer
(2.5 or earlier), you can open your Digital
Performer files in AudioDesk (with the Open
command in the File menu), but Digital Performer
2.5 or earlier cannot open AudioDesk files.
AudioDesk Version 2 projects
If you are running Digital Performer 4 on Mac
OS X, you can exchange files with AudioDesk
Version 2. Just use Save As in Digital Performer’s
File menu and choose the AudioDesk 1.0 file
format. To open AudioDesk Version 2 (or Version
1) files in DP4, just use the Open command. (No
conversion is required beforehand in AudioDesk.)
SOUND MANAGER AND DIGITAL
PERFORMER (OS 9 ONLY)
Digital Performer includes a Mac OS 9 MOTU
Audio System plug-in called AudioTap that allows
you to route any Sound Manager audio into Digital
Performer’s mixing environment. From there, you
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DIGITAL PERFORMER
can route it to your 896HD interface via any of
Digital Performer’s extensive audio routing
features. For details, consult your Digital
Performer documentation.
59
DIGITAL PERFORMER
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DIGITAL PERFORMER
CHAPTER 8
AudioDesk
OVERVIEW
SETTING UP YOUR SYSTEM
This chapter provides a brief overview of
AudioDesk’s basic I/O and synchronization
operation with the 896HD hardware. For complete
information about all of AudioDesk’s powerful
workstation features, see the AudioDesk manual
included with your 896HD system. This chapter
covers both AudioDesk Version 1 with Mac OS 9
and AudioDesk Version 2 with Mac OS X.
As described in chapter 4, “Installing the 896HD
Macintosh Software” (page 33), the MOTU
FireWire Audio software installer will properly
install everything for you, including AudioDesk.
Setting up your system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The 896HD settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Be sure you have enough voices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trimming the analog inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with 896HD inputs and outputs . . . . . . . . . . . .
24-bit operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fine-tuning I/O timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MIDI Machine Control (MMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processing live inputs through plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a foot switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exchanging projects with Digital performer . . . . . . . . .
AudioDesk and MIDI sequencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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62
63
64
64
64
65
65
66
66
66
66
67
If you will be using AudioDesk’s MIDI Machine
Control (MMC) or MIDI Time Code sync features,
and you are using Mac OS 9, FreeMIDI must be
installed. (You can install FreeMIDI from the
MOTU FireWire installer CD.) Under Mac OS X,
the CoreMIDI driver is automatically installed for
you as part of the “Easy Install” package.
If you are using a MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital
Timepiece for synchronization, be sure they are
present in Audio MIDI setup (or FreeMIDI Setup
under Mac OS 9).
61
THE 896HD SETTINGS
896HD settings in Mac OS 9
In Mac OS 9, the 896HD settings can be accessed
by choosing MOTU Audio System
options>Configure Hardware Driver from the
Basics menu. This is where you choose the 896HD
as your audio input output device. Once you’ve
done so, you should see the 896HD settings as
shown below in Figure 8-1.
896HD settings in Mac OS X
In Mac OS X, choose the 896HD as your audio
input output device by choosing MOTU Audio
System options>Configure Hardware Driver from
the Setup menu. This window shows some of the
896HD settings, such as sample rate and clock
source, but to access all of the 896HD settings,
open the MOTU FireWire Audio Console, as
shown in Figure 5-1 on page 38.
Figure 8-1: The 896HD settings.
Figure 8-2: Under Mac OS X, choose Setup menu> Configure Audio
System> Configure Hardware Driver to open the dialog shown above
and access the 896HD CoreAudio driver. To access the rest of the
896HD settings, open the MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
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AUDI O DE SK
For complete details about the 896HD settings, see
chapter 5, “MOTU FireWire Audio Console (Mac
OS X)” (page 37) or chapter 6, “MOTU FireWire
Control Panel (Mac OS 9)” (page 45). The
following sections provide a brief explanation of
each 896HD setting for use with AudioDesk.
Sample rate
Choose the desired overall sample rate for the
896HD system and AudioDesk. Newly recorded
audio in AudioDesk will have this sample rate.
Imported audio or soundbites in existing files that
do not match this sample rate will be displayed in
the Soundbites window with a red ‘X’ on its move
handle to indicate that it cannot be played. Use the
commands in the Soundbites window mini-menu
to sample rate convert the files, if desired.
Before running the 896HD at the 4x sample rates,
see “Operation at 4x sample rates (176.4 or
192kHz)” on page 38.
Clock Source
This setting is very important because it
determines which audio clock the 896HD will
follow.
If you do not have any digital audio connections to
your 896HD (you are using the analog inputs and
outputs only), and you will not be slaving
AudioDesk to an external clock source, choose
Internal.
If you are slaving the 896HD to the ADAT Sync or
Word Clock input connector, choose ADAT 9-pin
or Word Clock In, respectively.
For information about the other clock source
settings, see “Clock Source” on page 39.
If you have digital audio devices connected to the
896HD, see “Making sync connections” on
page 19.
Buffer Size (OS X) / Samples Per Buffer (OS 9)
The Buffer Size setting (Samples Per Buffer under
Mac OS 9) can be used to reduce the delay — or
monitoring latency — that you hear when live audio
is patched through your 896HD hardware and
AudioDesk. For example, you might have MIDI
instruments, samplers, microphones, and so on
connected to the analog inputs of the 896HD. If so,
you will often be mixing their live input with audio
material recorded in AudioDesk. See chapter 11,
“Reducing Monitoring Latency” (page 85) for
complete details.
Optical input and output
To make the 896HD optical input or output
available in AudioDesk, turn them on in the optical
input and/or output menu. If you won’t be using
the optical connectors, turn them off.
Phones
This 896HD setting lets you choose what you’ll
hear from the headphone jack. For example, if you
choose Main Outs, the headphones will duplicate
the main outs. Or you can choose any other output
pair. If you choose Phones, this setting makes the
headphone jack serve as its own independent
output pair (except when running at 176.4 or
192kHz). As a result, you’ll see Phones 1-2 as an
additional audio destination in AudioDesk’s audio
output menus.
BE SURE YOU HAVE ENOUGH VOICES
Go to the Setup menu (Basics menu under Mac OS
9) and choose MOTU Audio System
Options>Configure Studio Size. Then check to
make sure you have enough mono and stereo audio
voices to cover the 18 channels of input and 22
channels of output provided by your 896HD —
although the number of channels may depend on
how your 896HD is configured:
12 channels for analog I/O (including the
headphone out)
■
■
2 channels for AES/EBU
63
A UD I O D ES K
■ Zero or 8 channels for optical, depending on
whether you have optical turned off or set to ADAT
optical
For example, if you are using analog only, the
896HD requires a minimum of 12 voices (for 12
channels of output). If you are using analog and
AES/EBU, you need 14 voices.
As another example, if you are using analog,
AES/EBU and ADAT optical, you need 22 voices
(the maximum number of simultaneous output
channels provided by the 896HD).
TRIMMING THE ANALOG INPUTS
The 896HD analog inputs provide trim knobs on
the front panel. To calibrate an audio input:
1 Record-enable a track in AudioDesk.
2 Choose the desired 896HD input for the track.
3 Open the Audio Monitor window.
4 As you feed signal to the input, adjust the input’s
corresponding trim knob on the front panel of the
896HD until peaks in the level meter are as high as
possible without clipping (hitting zero dB).
WORKING WITH 896HD INPUTS AND
OUTPUTS
Once you’ve enabled the MOTU FireWire Audio
driver as explained earlier in “The 896HD settings”
on page 62, 896HD audio inputs and outputs will
appear in AudioDesk’s audio input and output
menus. If you don’t see the optical inputs and/or
outputs, check the MOTU FireWire Audio Console
to make sure they are turned on and set to the
format you require. If you don’t plan to use the
optical input or output, turn it off to conserve
computer bandwidth.
Phones 1-2
If you’ve chosen to treat the 896HD headphones as
an independent output, you’ll see Phones 1-2 in
AudioDesk’s output menus. Audio tracks assigned
to this output pair will be heard on the headphone
jack only. For further explanation, see “Phones” on
page 63.
Mix1 1-2
In AudioDesk’s audio input menus, you’ll see an
896HD input called Mix1 1-2. This input source
delivers the output of CueMix DSP “MIX1” (the
first mix bus of the four on-board no-latency
monitor mixes in the 896HD) to your computer.
This input serves, for example, as a convenient way
for you to record the 896HD’s MIX1 monitor mix
into AudioDesk (for reference and archiving
purposes). Further, if you are sending audio from
AudioDesk to the same output pair as MIX1, you
can choose to either include or exclude the audio
from the computer in the MIX1 stream being sent
to AudioDesk. For details on how to do this, see
“Mix1 Return Includes Computer” on page 96.
The Mix1 1-2 input is not available at the 4x sample
rates (176.4 or 192kHz).
☛ Warning: the Mix1 1-2 input can cause
feedback loops! DO NOT assign this input to a
track that shares the same 896HD output pair as
MIX1.
24-BIT OPERATION
Your 896HD hardware fully supports AudioDesk’s
24-bit recording capabilities, including both
analog and digital 24-bit recording. If you would
like to record and play back 24-bit audio files, go to
the Setup menu (Basics menu under OS 9), choose
MOTU Audio System options>Configure Sample
Format, and choose 24-bit recording as the sample
format. This setting is saved with the AudioDesk
project.
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AUDI O DE SK
FINE-TUNING I/O TIMING
The 896HD has the ability to be sample accurate.
This means that when you transfer audio between
AudioDesk and an ADAT (or other ADAT-sync
compatible recorder), for example, you can record
the audio back and forth as many times as you want
between them and it will remain exactly at its
original sample location (unless you move it in
AudioDesk, of course).
Occasionally, you may encounter a situation in
which you observe a slight offset of one sample —
or maybe a few — caused by inherent latencies in
the devices you are using with the 896HD. Usually,
these offsets will be consistent, and you can
compensate for them in AudioDesk. To do so,
choose MOTU Audio System Options>Fine-tune
Audio I/O Timing from the Setup menu (Basics
menu under Mac OS 9) as shown in Figure 8-3.
Figure 8-3: Fine-tuning the timing of audio playback and recording.
SYNCHRONIZATION
AudioDesk can run under its own transport
control or slave to an external sync source, such as
SMPTE time code or ADAT sync (sample address).
Running AudioDesk under its own transport
control
If you do not need to synchronize AudioDesk with
time code or another recording device, such as a
tape deck, just leave the Slave to External Sync
command in the Studio menu (Basics menu under
OS 9) unchecked.
However, even though AudioDesk is not slaving to
external sync, you still need to be concerned with
the synchronization of the 896HD’s digital audio
clock with other devices connected to it digitally (if
any). For example, if you have a digital mixer
connected to the 896HD via an ADAT optical
lightpipe cable, you need to make sure that their
audio clocks are phase-locked. For details, see
“Syncing optical devices” on page 25 and “Making
sync connections” on page 19. If you don’t have any
digital audio devices connected to the 896HD,
digital audio phase-lock does not apply to you.
Resolving AudioDesk and the 896HD to word
clock, video and/or SMPTE time code
To resolve your AudioDesk/896HD system to word
clock, video and/or SMPTE time code using an
additional synchronization device, use the setup
shown in “Syncing word clock devices” on page 29
or “Syncing to video and/or SMPTE time code” on
page 24.
Choose Receive Sync from the Setup menu (Basics
menu under Mac OS 9) and choose the MTC
(MIDI Time Code) option. Then make sure that
the Slave to External Sync command in the Studio
menu (Basics menu under Mac OS 9) is checked.
To ensure that your audio tracks don’t drift out of
sync with your MIDI tracks — or time code, use a
hardware synchronizer like the MIDI Timepiece
AV or Digital Timepiece to resolve the 896HD
hardware as well, as shown in Figure 3-23 on
page 29. A digital audio synchronizer is required
for drift-free SMPTE/MIDI time code sync. Make
sure the Clock Source setting in the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console window has the
appropriate setting for locking the 896HD to the
synchronizer. For example, in Figure 3-23 on
page 29, word clock is being used to resolve the
896HD, so the Clock Source setting is Word Clock
In.
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A UD I O D ES K
☛
If you have an ADAT sync compatible device,
don’t use SMPTE time code. Instead, use sampleaccurate sync as described in the next section.
See the MIDI Machine Control chapter in your
MIDI Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece manual
for details on how to set this up.
Sample-accurate sync to ADAT and Tascam
Together, AudioDesk and the 896HD provide you
with sample-accurate transfers with ADATs, Alesis
recorders and any other devices that support
standard ADAT sample address (ADAT Sync).
PROCESSING LIVE INPUTS THROUGH
PLUG-INS
Similarly, with the help of a MOTU Digital
Timepiece, AudioDesk and a 896HD can perform
sample-accurate transfers with Tascam digital
recorders.
A sample-accurate transfer is one in which the
original location of the audio is preserved in the
transfer, down to the sample.
For details on how to set up sample-accurate sync,
see “Sample-accurate sync” on page 21. Be sure to
choose the Sample Accurate Sync option in
AudioDesk’s Receive Sync dialog, and make sure
that the Slave to External Sync command is
checked, too.
If you patch a live input (such as microphone)
through a plug-in effect in AudioDesk, you might
hear a slight delay. There are several ways to reduce
this delay. For details, see chapter 11, “Reducing
Monitoring Latency” (page 85).
USING A FOOT SWITCH
Use a foot switch connected to the 896HD to
trigger recording punch-in and punch-out, or any
other feature in AudioDesk that is assigned to a
computer keystroke. By default, the foot switch
triggers the 3 key on the computer keypad (which
toggles AudioDesk’s record button.) To trigger a
different set of keystrokes with the foot switch, visit
the MOTU FireWire Audio Console. (See “Enable
Pedal” on page 43.)
EXCHANGING PROJECTS WITH DIGITAL
PERFORMER
If you have ADATs and a MMC-compatible ADAT
synchronizer like the MIDI Timepiece AV or
Digital Timepiece, you can control everything
from your computer screen with AudioDesk’s
transport controls and cueing features (like
Markers, the playback wiper, etc.)
AudioDesk Version 1 projects
Digital Performer (Version 2.6 or later) can
exchange files with AudioDesk (Version 1). For
example, you can transfer a file from Digital
Performer to AudioDesk, and back again. Just use
Save As in Digital Performer’s File menu and
choose the AudioDesk file format. To open
AudioDesk Version 1 files in Digital Performer, just
use the Open command. (No conversion is
required beforehand in AudioDesk.)
Similarly, if you have Tascam recorders and a
MOTU Digital Timepiece (or other MMCcompatible Tascam synchronizer), can control all
of your Tascam decks (in ABS time) in a similar
fashion from AudioDesk.
If you have an earlier version of Digital Performer
(2.5 or earlier), you can open your Digital
Performer files in AudioDesk (with the Open
command in the File menu), but Digital Performer
2.5 or earlier cannot open AudioDesk files.
To control the transports of everything together
from AudioDesk, see the next section.
MIDI MACHINE CONTROL (MMC)
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AUDI O DE SK
AudioDesk Version 2 projects
If you are running Digital Performer 4 on Mac
OS X, you can exchange files with AudioDesk
Version 2. Just use Save As in Digital Performer’s
File menu and choose the AudioDesk 1.0 file
format. To open AudioDesk Version 2 (or Version
1) files in DP4, just use the Open command. (No
conversion is required beforehand in AudioDesk.)
AUDIODESK AND MIDI SEQUENCING
AudioDesk can play audio as a background
application, allowing you to run a sequencer at the
same time in the foreground. However, there is no
way to continuously synchronize — or resolve — a
sequencer with AudioDesk, so the two programs
will eventually drift out of sync, even if you manage
to start them at the same time. If you’d like to do
integrated MIDI sequencing, your best bet is
Digital Performer, which offers pretty much all of
the same features as AudioDesk, along with
powerful, state-of-the-art MIDI sequencing. Talk
to your authorized MOTU dealer for details about
upgrading from AudioDesk to Digital Performer.
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A UD I O D ES K
68
AUDI O DE SK
CHAPTER 9
Other Mac OS X Audio Software
OVERVIEW
The 896HD provides multichannel audio and
MIDI input and output for all Mac OS X audio
applications. This chapter covers third-party audio
applications. For information about running
Digital Performer or AudioDesk under Mac OS X,
refer to chapter 7, “Digital Performer” (page 53) or
chapter 8, “AudioDesk” (page 61).
Installing the 896HD Mac OS X drivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Run the MOTU FireWire Audio Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing the MOTU FireWire CoreAudio driver . . . . .
Audio Input and output names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trimming the analog inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processing live inputs with plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a foot switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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INSTALLING THE 896HD MAC OS X DRIVERS
To install the 896HD’s Mac OS X audio and MIDI
drivers, just run the installer on the MOTU
FireWire Audio installer CD as detailed in
chapter 4, “Installing the 896HD Macintosh
Software” (page 33).
Figure 9-1: The MOTU FireWire Audio Console.
RUN THE MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE
Sample rate
Choose the desired overall sample rate for the
896HD system and your host audio software.
Newly recorded audio will have this sample rate.
Before you run your host audio software, launch
the MOTU FireWire Audio Console to configure
your 896HD hardware. The MOTU FireWire
Audio Console lets you configure your audio
interface, and it lets you enable the desired inputs
and outputs. Only enabled inputs and outputs will
be available to your software, so this is an
important step. For complete details see chapter 5,
“MOTU FireWire Audio Console (Mac OS X)”
(page 37).
For complete details about the 896HD settings, see
chapter 5, “MOTU FireWire Audio Console (Mac
OS X)” (page 37). The following sections provide a
brief explanation of each 896HD setting.
Clock Source
This setting is very important because it
determines which audio clock the 896HD will
follow.
69
If you do not have any digital audio connections to
your 896HD (you are using the analog inputs and
outputs only), and you will not be slaving your host
software to an external clock source, choose
Internal.
If you are slaving the 896HD to the ADAT Sync or
Word Clock input connector, choose ADAT 9-pin
or Word Clock In, respectively.
Cubase SX and Nuendo
Go to the Devices menu and choose Device Setup.
Choose the MOTU 896HD CoreAudio driver from
the “ASIO Driver” menu as shown below. Activate
the inputs and outputs within Cubase or Nuendo
as usual. For information about the Audio Buffer
Size setting, see “Adjusting buffer settings under
Mac OS X” on page 87.
For information about the other clock source
settings, see “Clock Source” on page 39.
If you have digital audio devices connected to the
896HD, see “Making sync connections” on
page 19.
Optical input and output
To make the 896HD optical input or output
available in your host software, turn them on in the
optical input and/or output menu. If you won’t be
using the optical connectors, turn them off.
Phones
This 896HD setting lets you choose what you’ll
hear from the headphone jack. For example, if you
choose Main Outs, the headphones will duplicate
the main outs. Or you can choose any other output
pair. If you choose Phones, this setting makes the
headphone jack serve as its own independent
output pair (except when running at 176.4 or
192kHz). As a result, you’ll see Phones 1-2 as an
additional audio destination in your host audio
software’s audio output menus.
Figure 9-2: Enabling the 896HD audio driver in Cubase SX.
Logic Audio
In Logic audio, go to the Preferences window,
choose Audio Driver from the menu, and expand
the CoreAudio item as shown below. For
information about the I/O Buffer Size setting, see
“Adjusting buffer settings under Mac OS X” on
page 87.
CHOOSING THE MOTU FIREWIRE
COREAUDIO DRIVER
Once you’ve made the preparations described so
far in this chapter, you’re ready to run your audio
software and enable the MOTU 896HD CoreAudio
driver. Check the audio system or audio hardware
configuration window in your software. There will
be a menu there that lets you choose among
various drivers that may be in your system. Choose
the MOTU 896HD driver from this menu.
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OTHER MAC OS X AUDIO SOFTWARE
AUDIO INPUT AND OUTPUT NAMES
The 896HD CoreAudio driver supplies text string
labels for its inputs and outputs to clearly identify
each one, but some applications do not display
these labels. For example, in Cubase SX, the
896HD outputs are numbered like this:
Figure 9-3: Enabling the 896HD in Logic Audio.
Other audio software
For other audio applications, the procedure is
similar to that shown above for Cubase and Logic.
Consult your owner’s manual for further
information.
Figure 9-4: Some applications number the 896HD inputs and
outputs, but don’t display which outputs they refer to.
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OTHER MAC OS X AUDIO SOFTWARE
Most programs will likely address this issue in
future updates. In the meantime, here is how you
can identify each input and output. Inputs are
always listed in the same order as follows:
Input
Channels
List
position Comment
Analog
8
1-8
-
AES/EBU
2
9-10
-
Mix1
2
11-12
See “The ‘Mix1’
input pair” below.
Optical
8 @ 44.1/48kHz
4 @ 88.2/96kHz
13-20
13-16
If the optical bank is
set to None, then no
optical inputs are
displayed.
Outputs are similarly listed in the same order as
follows:
Output
Channels
List
position Comment
Main outs
2
1-2
-
Analog
8
3-10
-
AES/EBU
2
11-12
-
Phones
2
13-14
If the phones are
assigned to mirror
another output pair
(such as the main
outs), they won’t be
listed separately.
Optical
8 @ 44.1/48kHz
4 @ 88.2/96kHz
15-22
15-18
If the phones are mirroring, then subtract
2. If the optical bank is
set to None, then no
optical outputs are
displayed.
As an example, the AES/EBU inputs will always be
listed as inputs 9-10. As another example, optical
output channels 1-2 will be listed as channels
15-16, unless the phones are mirroring the main
outs (or another output), in which case optical
outputs 1-2 would be listed as channels 13-14.
The ‘Mix1’ input pair
The Mix1 input pair delivers the output of CueMix
DSP “MIX1” (the first mix bus of the four on-board
no-latency monitor mixes in the 896HD) to your
computer. This input serves, for example, as a
convenient way for you to record the 896HD’s
MIX1 monitor mix into your host audio software
(for reference and archiving purposes). Further, if
you are sending audio from your host audio
software to the same output pair as MIX1, you can
choose to either include or exclude the audio from
the computer in the MIX1 stream being sent to the
computer. For details on how to do this, see “Mix1
Return Includes Computer” on page 96.
The Mix1 1-2 input is not available at the 4x sample
rates (176.4 or 192kHz).
☛ Warning: the Mix1 1-2 input can cause
feedback loops! DO NOT assign this input to a
track that shares the same 896HD output pair as
MIX1.
NUMBER OF CHANNELS
If your host audio software requires that you
specify the number of audio voices or channels you
will be using, be sure to choose enough channels to
cover the 18 inputs and 22 outputs provided by
your 896HD — although the number of channels
may depend on how your 896HD is configured:
12 channels for analog I/O (including the
headphone out)
■
■
2 channels for AES/EBU
■ Zero or 8 channels for optical, depending on
whether you have optical turned off or set to ADAT
optical
For example, if you are using analog only, the
896HD requires a minimum of 12 voices (for 12
channels of output). If you are using analog and
AES/EBU, you need 14 voices.
As another example, if you are using analog,
AES/EBU and ADAT optical, you need 22 voices
(the maximum number of simultaneous output
channels provided by the 896HD).
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OTHER MAC OS X AUDIO SOFTWARE
TRIMMING THE ANALOG INPUTS
USING A FOOT SWITCH
The 896HD analog inputs provide trim knobs on
the front panel. To calibrate an audio input:
Use a foot switch connected to the 896HD to
trigger recording punch-in and punch-out, or any
other feature in your host audio software that is
assigned to a computer keystroke. By default, the
foot switch triggers the 3 key on the computer
keypad. To trigger a different set of keystrokes with
the foot switch, visit the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console. (See “Enable Pedal” on page 43.)
1 Record-enable a track in your host software.
2 Choose the desired 896HD input for the track.
3 Open the mixer or other window that displays
the track’s audio input level.
4 As you feed signal to the input, adjust the input’s
corresponding trim knob on the front panel of the
896HD until peaks in the level meter are as high as
possible without clipping (hitting zero dB).
PROCESSING LIVE INPUTS WITH PLUG-INS
If you patch a live input (such as a MIDI
synthesizer) through a plug-in effect in your host
software, you might hear a slight delay. There are
several ways to reduce this delay. For details, see
chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring Latency”
(page 85).
SYNCHRONIZATION
As of this writing, Mac OS X does not allow thirdparty applications to take advantage of the
896HD’s sample-accurate sync features. Refer to
www.motu.com for further developments.
However, if most applications that support external
sync will be able to supports the 896HD’s word
clock sync capabilities. Consult chapter 3,
“Installing the 896HD Hardware” (page 15) and
use the synchronization diagrams in that chapter
to synchronize your software and the 896HD to the
other components of your system.
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OTHER MAC OS X AUDIO SOFTWARE
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OTHER MAC OS X AUDIO SOFTWARE
CHAPTER 10
Cubase, Nuendo and OS 9 ASIO
Software
OVERVIEW
This chapter explains how to use the 896HD with
Mac OS 9 ASIO-compatible audio software such as
Cubase and Nuendo. For Mac OS X operation of
Cubase, Nuendo, and all other third-party OS X
audio software, see chapter 9, “Other Mac OS X
Audio Software” (page 69).
The 896HD includes an Mac OS 9 ASIO driver that
provides multi-channel I/O and sample-accurate
synchronization with Steinberg’s Cubase family of
digital audio sequencers, including Cubase VST
and Nuendo.
ASIO support is required for 3rd party OS 9 software
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Run the MOTU FireWire Audio Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing the MOTU FireWire ASIO driver. . . . . . . . . . . .
The ASIO Control Panel button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASIO Direct monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other System dialog settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Activating 896HD inputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning inputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trimming the analog inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing 896HD settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processing live inputs with plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MIDI Machine Control (MMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a foot switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24-bit operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring system performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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77
78
78
78
79
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80
80
81
82
82
82
84
84
84
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ASIO SUPPORT IS REQUIRED FOR 3RD
PARTY OS 9 SOFTWARE
ASIO is an acronym for Audio Streaming Input and
Output. The ASIO MOTU FireWire Audio driver
allows the 896HD to provide multi-channel audio
input and output for any audio application that
supports ASIO drivers.
☛ For multi-channel operation with third-party
Mac OS 9 audio software, the 896HD requires
ASIO compatibility. If your host audio program
does not support ASIO, contact the developer.
Sample-accurate sync
The MOTU FireWire Audio ASIO driver supports
sample-accurate sync (via the 896HD’s ADAT sync
feature) for applications that support it.
Attention: Digital Performer users
Digital Performer supports ASIO, but it also
accesses the 896HD directly through the MOTU
Audio System, so it is not necessary to use the ASIO
driver with Digital Performer.
Attention: Cubase VST users
Cubase VST Version 5 is used for the examples in
this chapter. However, there is no significant
difference between the Version 5 examples shown
and what you see in Version 4. The basic
procedures are the same.
Attention: Mac OS 9 Nuendo users
The examples in this chapter show screen shots of
Nuendo for Windows, but they are very similar to
the Mac OS 9 version.
Attention: Other software users
The 896HD ASIO driver also provides multichannel I/O with any ASIO-compatible audio
software. Cubase is used for the examples in this
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RUN THE MOTU FIREWIRE AUDIO CONSOLE
chapter. However, the basic procedures are the
same and can be easily applied to any ASIOcompatible software. Just follow the general
descriptions at the beginning of each main section
in this chapter. Consult your software
documentation for details about each topic, if
necessary.
Before you run Cubase, launch the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console to configure your 896HD
hardware. The MOTU FireWire Audio Console lets
you configure your audio interface, and it lets you
enable the desired inputs and outputs. Only
enabled inputs and outputs will be available to
Cubase, so this is an important step. For complete
details regarding the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console, see chapter 6, “MOTU FireWire Control
Panel (Mac OS 9)” (page 45).
PREPARATION
Before you run Cubase with your 896HD, launch
AudioDesk and play back the demo project to
make sure that the 896HD hardware software
drivers are set up properly. The AudioDesk demo
project is located on the 896HD Installer CD. Drag
it to your hard drive before opening it in
AudioDesk, as your CD drive will be too slow to
play the audio.
To make sure that everything is ready for Cubase,
install Cubase first (if you haven’t already done so),
and then see these chapters before proceeding:
chapter 3, “Installing the 896HD Hardware”
(page 15).
■
chapter 4, “Installing the 896HD Macintosh
Software” (page 33)
■
■
chapter 8, “AudioDesk” (page 61)
Figure 10-2: The MOTU FireWire Audio Control Panel gives you access
to all of the settings in the 896HD hardware, including the clock
source, sample rate and optical I/O enable/disable.
For complete details about the 896HD settings, see
chapter 6, “MOTU FireWire Control Panel (Mac
OS 9)” (page 45). The following sections provide a
brief explanation of each 896HD setting for use
with Cubase.
Figure 10-1: The 896HD installer puts the MOTU FireWire ASIO driver
in the Cubase ASIO Drivers folder.
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
Sample rate
Choose the desired overall sample rate for the
896HD system and Cubase. Newly recorded audio
in Cubase will have this sample rate. Before
running the 896HD at the 4x sample rates, see
“Operation at 4x sample rates (176.4 or 192kHz)”
on page 38.
Clock Source
This setting is very important because it
determines which audio clock the 896HD will
follow.
If you do not have any digital audio connections to
your 896HD (you are using the analog inputs and
outputs only), and you will not be slaving Cubase
to an external clock source, choose Internal.
If you are slaving the 896HD to the ADAT Sync or
Word Clock input connector, choose ADAT 9-pin
or Word Clock In, respectively.
For information about the other clock source
settings, see “Clock Source” on page 39.
If you have digital audio devices connected to the
896HD, see “Making sync connections” on
page 19.
Samples Per Buffer
The Samples Per Buffer setting can be used to
reduce the delay — or monitoring latency — that
you hear when live audio is patched through your
896HD hardware and Cubase. For example, you
might have MIDI instruments, samplers,
microphones, and so on connected to the analog
inputs of the 896HD. If so, you will often be mixing
their live input with audio material recorded in
Cubase. See chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring
Latency” (page 85) for complete details.
Optical input and output
To make the 896HD optical input or output
available in Cubase, turn them on in the optical
input and/or output menu. If you won’t be using
the optical connectors, turn them off.
Phones
This 896HD setting lets you choose what you’ll
hear from the headphone jack. For example, if you
choose Main Outs, the headphones will duplicate
the main outs. Or you can choose any other output
pair. If you choose Phones, this setting makes the
headphone jack serve as its own independent
output pair (except when running at 176.4 or
192kHz). As a result, you’ll see Phones 1-2 as an
additional audio destination in Cubase’s audio
output menus.
CHOOSING THE MOTU FIREWIRE ASIO
DRIVER
Once you’ve made the preparations described so
far in this chapter, you’re ready to run your audio
software and enable the MOTU FireWire ASIO
driver. Check the audio system or audio hardware
configuration window in your software. There will
be a menu there that lets you choose among
various ASIO drivers that may be in your system.
Choose the MOTU FireWire ASIO driver from this
menu.
Cubase VST
To activate the 896HD driver in Cubase VST,
choose Audio Setup>System from the Options
menu, and then choose MOTU FireWire from the
ASIO device menu. Make the other settings in the
dialog as needed for your system and synchronization scenario.
Nuendo
To activate the 896HD driver in Nuendo, go to the
Device Setup window, click VST Multitrack and
choose MOTU FireWire ASIO from the ASIO
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
Driver menu as shown below. Make the other
settings in the dialog as needed for your system and
synchronization scenario.
■ Temporarily switch to a different ASIO Device in
the System dialog, and then run the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console from the Finder
In either case, any changes you make to the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console window will be reflected
in Cubase when you reactivate the MOTU FireWire
ASIO driver in Cubase.
Cubase VST
NUMBER OF CHANNELS
In Cubase, be sure to choose enough channels in
the System dialog (as shown above in Figure 10-3)
to cover the 18 channels of input and 22 channels of
output provided by your 896HD — although the
number of channels may depend on how your
896HD is configured:
■ 12 channels for analog I/O (including the
headphone out)
■
Nuendo
2 channels for AES/EBU
■ Zero or 8 channels for optical, depending on
whether you have optical turned off or set to ADAT
optical
For example, if you are using analog only, the
896HD requires a minimum of 12 channels (for 12
channels of output). If you are using analog and
AES/EBU, you need 14 channels.
Figure 10-3: Activating the 896HD FireWire ASIO driver in Nuendo
and Cubase.
THE ASIO CONTROL PANEL BUTTON
The Mac version of Cubase VST does not allow the
MOTU FireWire Audio Console to run at the same
time as Cubase. Therefore, the ASIO Control Panel
button in the System dialog as shown in
Figure 10-3 will not launch the MOTU FireWire
Audio Console. In the meantime, you can access
the MOTU FireWire Audio Console in one of two
ways:
■ Quit Cubase, and then run the MOTU FireWire
Audio Console from the Finder, OR
As another example, if you are using analog,
AES/EBU and ADAT optical, you need 22 channels
(the maximum number of simultaneous output
channels provided by the 896HD).
In Cubase, set the number of channels in the
System dialog (as shown above in Figure 10-3).
ASIO DIRECT MONITORING
The ASIO Direct Monitoring option (Figure 10-3)
allows you to monitor inputs directly in the 896HD
hardware with no drain on your computer and
near zero latency. When you enable this option,
Cubase uses the 896HD’s CueMix DSP monitoring
features whenever you use Cubase’s monitoring
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
features. For further information, see “Controlling
CueMix DSP from within Cubase or Nuendo” on
page 91.
☛ Warning: the Mix1 1-2 input can cause
feedback loops! DO NOT assign this input to a
track that shares the same 896HD output pair as
MIX1.
OTHER SYSTEM DIALOG SETTINGS
Consult your Cubase or Nuendo documentation
for details about the rest of the settings in this
dialog.
ACTIVATING 896HD INPUTS
Once you’ve chosen the MOTU FireWire ASIO
driver in the Audio System dialog as explained
earlier in “Choosing the MOTU FireWire ASIO
driver” on page 77, choose VST Inputs from the
Panels menu (or the Devices menu in Cubase SX)
to see the 896HD inputs. To activate them, click the
Active light next to each input. If you don’t see the
optical inputs and/or outputs, check the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console to make sure they are
turned on and set to the format you require. If you
don’t plan to use the optical input or output, turn it
off to conserve computer bandwidth.
The “Mix1 1-2” input
In Cubase’s VST Inputs window, you’ll see an
896HD input called Mix1 1-2. This input source
delivers the output of CueMix DSP “MIX1” (the
first mix bus of the four on-board no-latency
monitor mixes in the 896HD) to your computer.
This input serves, for example, as a convenient way
for you to record the 896HD’s MIX1 monitor mix
into Cubase (for reference and archiving
purposes). Further, if you are sending audio from
Cubase to the same output pair as MIX1, you can
choose to either include or exclude the audio from
the computer in the Mix1 stream being sent to
Cubase. For details on how to do this, see “Mix1
Return Includes Computer” on page 96.
Figure 10-4: Activating 896HD inputs in Cubase VST.
The Mix1 1-2 input is not available at the 4x sample
rates (176.4 or 192kHz).
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
Figure 10-6: To assign an 896HD input to a Cubase VST audio
channel: command-click the input button at the top of the channel
strip. For Nuendo or Cubase, consult your documentation.
TRIMMING THE ANALOG INPUTS
Figure 10-5: Activating 896HD inputs in Nuendo.
ASSIGNING INPUTS
Once you’ve activated the 896HD inputs as shown
in the previous section, you can then assign them
to Cubase or Nuendo audio channels in the
channel mixers in the usual fashion.
The 896HD analog inputs provide trim knobs on
the front panel. To calibrate an audio input, feed
signal to the input, and adjust the input’s
corresponding trim knob on the front panel of the
896HD until peaks in the level meter are as high as
possible without clipping (hitting zero dB).
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
ASSIGNING OUTPUTS
Once you’ve chosen the MOTU FireWire ASIO
driver in the Audio System dialog as explained
earlier in “Choosing the MOTU FireWire ASIO
driver” on page 77, 896HD outputs will be
available in Cubase or Nuendo as output
destinations. In Cubase VST, these outputs appear
in the VST Master Mixer window as output
assignments for the master fader and busses, as
shown below in Figure 10-7.In Nuendo, they
appear in the VST Outputs window.
In Cubase VST, use the output buttons at the bottom of each
channel strip, including the master fader, to assign 896HD outputs
to busses. You can then assign channels in the VST Master Mixer
window to each bus as desired.
In Nuendo, access the 896HD outputs via the busses in the VST Outputs window.
Figure 10-7: Wo r k i n g w i t h 8 9 6 H D
outputs in Nuendo or Cubase.
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
The “Phones 1-2” output
If you’ve chosen to treat the 896HD headphones as
an independent output, you’ll see Phones 1-2 as an
896HD output destination. Audio tracks assigned
to this output pair will be heard on the headphone
jack only. For further explanation, see “Phones” on
page 77.
CHANGING 896HD SETTINGS
To change the 896HD settings at any time, run the
MOTU FireWire Audio Console. See “The ASIO
Control Panel button” on page 78 for details. In
Nuendo, go to the Device Setup window and click
the ASIO Control Panel button, as shown in
Figure 10-3 on page 78.
PROCESSING LIVE INPUTS WITH PLUG-INS
If you patch a live input (such as a MIDI
synthesizer) through a VST plug-in effect in
Cubase, you might hear a slight delay. There are
several ways to reduce this delay. For details, see
chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring Latency”
(page 85).
SYNCHRONIZATION
Cubase or Nuendo can run under its own transport
control or slave to SMPTE time code. It can also
perform sample-accurate digital audio transfers
with Alesis digital recorders and Tascam family
digital recorders.
As you read through the following sections to
decide what form of synchronization you might
need with other devices in your studio, be sure to
consult chapter 3, “Installing the 896HD
Hardware” (page 15) for the proper hardware
connections. Use the synchronization diagrams in
that chapter to be clear about how you will be
synchronizing Cubase to the other components of
your system.
Running Cubase or Nuendo under its own
transport control
If you do not need to synchronize Cubase or
Nuendo with time code or another recording
device, such as a tape deck, just leave its SMPTE
time code synchronization features disabled.
However, even though Cubase or Nuendo is not
slaving to SMPTE time code, you still need to be
concerned with the synchronization of the
896HD’s digital audio clock with other devices
connected to it digitally (if any). For example, if
you have a digital mixer connected to an 896HD
interface via an ADAT optical lightpipe cable, you
need to make sure that their audio clocks are
phase-locked. For details, see “Syncing optical
devices” on page 25 and “Making sync
connections” on page 19. If you don’t have any
digital audio devices connected, digital audio
phase-lock does not apply to you.
Resolving Cubase or Nuendo and the 896HD to
word clock, video and/or SMPTE time code
To resolve your 896HD to word clock, video and/or
SMPTE time code using an additional synchronization device, use the setup shown in “Syncing
word clock devices” on page 29 or “Syncing to
video and/or SMPTE time code” on page 24.
Follow the instructions in your Cubase or Nuendo
manual for slaving them to MIDI Time Code
(MTC). To ensure that your audio tracks don’t drift
out of sync with your MIDI tracks — or time code,
use a hardware synchronizer like the MIDI
Timepiece AV or Digital Timepiece to resolve the
896HD hardware as well, as explained in “Syncing
to video and/or SMPTE time code” on page 24. A
digital audio synchronizer is required for drift-free
SMPTE/MIDI time code sync. Make sure the Clock
Source setting in the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console window has the appropriate setting for
locking the 896HD to the synchronizer. For
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
example, in Figure 3-12 on page 24, word clock is
being used to resolve an 896HD interface, so the
Clock Source setting is Word Clock In.
Cubase VST
☛
If you have an ADAT sync or a Tascam sync
compatible device, don’t use SMPTE time code.
Instead, use sample-accurate sync as described in
the next section.
Sample-accurate sync to ADAT or Tascam
Cubase and Nuendo, along with the 896HD and its
ASIO 2 driver, provide you with sample-accurate
transfers with ADATs, Alesis recorders and any
other devices that support standard ADAT sample
address (ADAT Sync).
Nuendo
Similarly, with the help of a MOTU Digital
Timepiece universal A/V synchronizer, Cubase (or
Nuendo) and an 896HD can perform sampleaccurate transfers with Tascam digital recorders.
A sample-accurate transfer is one in which the
original location of the audio is preserved in the
transfer, down to the sample.
For details on how to connect your hardware for
sample-accurate sync, see “Sample-accurate sync”
on page 21. Then, set up Cubase as follows:
☛
Before you begin, in Cubase’s MIDI System
Setup window, set OMS compatibility to No OMS.
Cubase does not appear to be able to achieve
sample-accurate sync when running under OMS.
1 Choose ADAT 9-pin as the Audio Clock Source
setting. In Cubase VST, this setting is in the Audio
System Setup window (Audio menu). In Nuendo,
this setting is in the Device Setup window (Options
menu).
2 Go to Cubase or Nuendo’s Synchronization
window, as shown below:
Figure 10-8: Setting up sample-accurate sync via ASIO 2.
3 If you are not using an MMC-compatible
synchronizer (such as a MOTU MIDI
Timepiece AV, Digital Timepiece or Alesis BRC),
choose the settings shown above in Figure 10-8
that applies to you. In this scenario, transport
control is handled by the ADAT (or other sampleaccurate sync source).
4 If you are using an MMC-compatible
synchronizer (such as a MOTU MIDI
Timepiece AV, Digital Timepiece or Alesis BRC),
set Cubase VST’s Sync Source Timecode Base to
ASIO 2.0 MMC or enable Nuendo’s MIDI Machine
Control option. In addition, choose the appropriate
MIDI port for the MMC synchronizer from VST’s
Output menu or Nuendo’s MIDI machine Control
MIDI Output menu. If you’re using a MIDI
Timepiece AV, you can choose any of its MIDI
ports in this menu. Doing so makes Cubase or
Nuendo send the MMC control messages to the
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CUBASE, NUENDO AND OS 9 ASIO SOFTWARE
MTP AV (or other MMC device). In this scenario,
transport control is handled by Cubase or Nuendo
itself.
5 In Cubase VST’s Controls window, enable
SYNC. In Nuendo, enable (check) the Sync Online
command in the Transport menu.
24-BIT OPERATION
Your 896HD hardware fully supports Cubase and
Nuendo’s 24-bit recording capabilities. Simply
enable 24-bit operation as instructed in your
Cubase or Nuendo manual. The 896HD always
supplies a 24-bit data stream, and when you enable
24-bit operation in Cubase or Nuendo, it simply
uses all 24-bits supplied by the 896HD hardware.
MONITORING SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
Figure 10-9: Enabling the SYNC button.
6 Begin playback from the sample-accurate sync
source (ADAT, DA-88, etc.) Transport control is
handled by the sample-accurate sync source.
MIDI MACHINE CONTROL (MMC)
If you have ADATs (or other ADAT Synccompatible recorders) and a MMC-compatible
ADAT synchronizer like the MIDI Timepiece AV
and Digital Timepiece, you can control everything
from your computer screen with Cubase’s
transport controls and cueing features (like the
playback wiper, etc.)
Similarly, if you have Tascam digital recorders and
a MOTU Digital Timepiece (or other MMCcompatible Tascam synchronizer), you can control
all of your Tascam tape decks (in ABS time) in a
similar fashion from Cubase.
Because it has so many inputs and outputs, the
896HD may push the limits of your computer’s
processing power. Keep the VST Performance
window open to keep tabs on the load on your CPU
and disk buffers. If the meters get too high, you can
reduce the load by reducing the number of inputs
and outputs you are working with. Use the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console to uncheck input check
boxes and set output source menus to None.
Cubase VST
Nuendo
Figure 10-10: Keep the Audio Performance window open to keep tabs
on your computer’s processing power and hard disk performance.
See “Sample-accurate sync to ADAT or Tascam” on
page 83 for details on how to set this up.
USING A FOOT SWITCH
Use a foot switch connected to the 896HD to
trigger recording punch-in and punch-out, or any
other feature in your host audio software that is
assigned to a computer keystroke. By default, the
foot switch triggers the 3 key on the computer
keypad. To trigger a different set of keystrokes with
the foot switch, visit the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console. (See “Enable Pedal” on page 43.)
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CHAPTER 11
Reducing Monitoring Latency
OVERVIEW
Monitoring latency is that slight delay you hear
when you run an input signal through your host
audio software. For example, you might hear it
when you drive a live mic input signal through a
reverb plug-in running in your audio sequencer.
This delay is caused by the amount of time it takes
for audio to make the entire round trip through
your computer, from when it first enters an 896HD
input, passes through the 896HD hardware into the
computer, through your host audio software, and
then back out to an 896HD output.
Monitoring live input. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Adjusting the audio I/O buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Adjusting buffer settings under Mac OS X. . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Adjusting the buffer setting under Mac OS 9. . . . . . . . . 88
Lower latency versus higher CPU overhead . . . . . . . . . . 88
Transport responsiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Effects processing and automated mixing . . . . . . . . . . . 89
CueMix DSP hardware monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Two methods for controlling CueMix DSP. . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Using CueMix Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Controlling CueMix DSP from your audio software . . 90
If you don’t need to process a live input with
plug-ins, the easiest way to avoid monitoring
latency is to use the 896HD’s CueMix DSP feature
to patch the input directly to your monitor outs via
the 896HD audio hardware. This is just like bussing
inputs to outputs in a digital mixer. For details, see
“CueMix DSP hardware monitoring” on page 89.
If you do need to process a live input with plug-ins,
or if you are playing virtual instruments live
through your 896HD audio hardware, you can
significantly reduce latency — and even make it
completely inaudible, regardless of what host audio
application software you use. This chapter explains
how.
It is important to note that monitoring delay has no
effect on when audio data is recorded to disk or
played back from disk. Actual recording and
playback is extremely precise.
85
MONITORING LIVE INPUT
There are two ways to monitor live audio input
with an 896HD: 1) through the computer or 2) via
CueMix™ DSP hardware monitoring. Figure 11-1
on page 86 shows method 1, which allows you to
add effects processing such as reverb and guitar
amp effects via plug-ins in your audio software. See
the next section, “Adjusting the audio I/O buffer”
for details about how to reduce — and possibly
eliminate — the audible monitoring delay that the
computer introduces.
Figure 11-2 shows how to use CueMix™ DSP
hardware-based monitoring, which lets you hear
what you are recording with no monitoring delay
and no computer-based effects processing. (You
can add effects later, after you’ve recorded the live
input as a disk track.) See “CueMix DSP hardware
monitoring” later in this chapter for details on how
to use CueMix DSP with your audio software, or
with the included CueMix Console software.
If the material you are recording is suitable, there is
a third way to monitor live input: use both methods
(Figure 11-1 and Figure 11-2) at the same time. For
example, you could route vocals to both the
4. Mic signal (with plug-in
processing, if any) is routed
to the main outs (or other
outputs that you’ve specified
in the software).
3. Mic signal is
‘patched thru’ back to
the audio interface
with reverb or other
plug-in effects, if any.
2. Mic signal goes immediately to the computer (dry,
with no effects processing).
1. Live input (from
mic, guitar, etc.)
enters the MOTU
interface.
Mac
Figure 11-1: There are two ways to monitor live audio inputs with an 896HD: 1) through the computer or 2) via CueMix™ DSP hardware
monitoring. This diagram shows method 1 (through the computer). When using this method, use your host software’s buffer setting (or, under
Mac OS 9, the 896HD’s ‘Samples Per Buffer’ setting in the MOTU FireWire Audio Console) to reduce the slight delay you hear when monitoring
the live input, but don’t lower it too much, or your computer might get sluggish.
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REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
computer (for a bit of reverb) and mix that
processed signal on the main outs with dry vocals
from CueMix DSP.
ADJUSTING THE AUDIO I/O BUFFER
A buffer is a small amount of computer memory
used to hold data. For audio interfaces like the
896HD, buffers are used for the process of
transferring audio data in and out of the computer.
The size of the buffers determines how much delay
you hear when monitoring live inputs through
your audio software: larger buffers produce more
delay; smaller buffers produce less.
Adjusting buffer settings under Mac OS X
Under Mac OS X, audio I/O buffer size is handled
by the host audio application (not the 896HD
CoreAudio driver). Most audio software
applications provide an adjustable audio buffer
setting that lets you control the amount of delay
you’ll hear when monitoring live inputs or
processing them with software plug-ins. Below are
a few examples.
Figure 11-3: In Digital Performer and AudioDesk, choose Setup
menu> Configure Audio System> Configure Hardware Driver to open
the dialog shown above and access the Buffer Size setting. Refer to
your Digital Performer or AudioDesk manual for information about
the Host Buffer Multiplier setting.
3. Mic signal is mixed with the main outs, and you
can control the volume (relative to the rest of the
mix) with the mic’s fader in CueMix Console.
2. CueMix™ DSP immediately patches the live mic
signal directly to the main
outs (or other output),
completely bypassing the
computer (dry, with no
effects processing).
1. Live input (from mic,
guitar, etc.) enters the
MOTU interface.
Figure 11-2: This diagram shows the signal flow when using CueMix™ DSP no-latency monitoring. Notice that this method does not allow you
to process the live input with plug-ins in your audio software while it is being monitored. You can, however, add effects later — after recording
the live input as a disk track. CueMix™ DSP lets you hear what you are recording with no delay and no computer-based effects.
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REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
Figure 11-4: In Cubase SX or Nuendo, choose Devices menu> Device
Setup and click VST Multitrack to access the window above and the
Audio Buffer Size setting.
Figure 11-6: Lowering the ‘Samples Per Buffer’ setting in the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console Window reduces patch thru latency. But
doing so increases the processing load on your computer, so keep an
eye on the Performance Monitor window in AudioDesk (or similar
feature in your host audio software).
Lower latency versus higher CPU overhead
The buffer setting has a large impact on the
following things:
Figure 11-5: In Logic Audio, go to the Audio Driver preferences to
access the I/O buffer Size option shown above.
Adjusting the buffer setting under Mac OS 9
Under Mac OS 9, audio I/O buffer size adjustment
is made in the MOTU FireWire Audio Console, as
shown in Figure 11-6 via the Samples Per Buffer
setting.
■
Patch thru latency
■
The load on your computer’s CPU
■
Possible distortion at the smallest settings
■ How responsive the transport controls are in
AudioDesk, Digital Performer or other audio
software
The buffer setting presents you with a trade-off
between the processing power of your computer
and the delay of live audio as it is being patched
through your software. If you reduce the size, you
reduce patch thru latency, but significantly increase
the overall processing load on your computer,
leaving less CPU bandwidth for things like realtime effects processing. On the other hand, if you
88
REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
increase the buffer size, you reduce the load on
your computer, freeing up bandwidth for effects,
mixing and other real-time operations.
■ First, it completely eliminates the patch thru
delay (reducing it to a small number of samples —
about the same amount as one of today’s digital
mixers).
■ Secondly, CueMix DSP imposes no strain on the
computer.
Figure 11-7: When adjusting the buffer size to reduce monitoring
latency, watch the ‘processor’ meter in Digital Performer or
AudioDesk’s Performance Monitor. If you hear distortion, or if the
Performance meter is peaking, try raising the buffer size.
If you are at a point in your recording project where
you are not currently working with live, patchedthru material (e.g. you’re not recording vocals), or
if you have a way of externally processing inputs,
choose a higher buffer size. Depending on your
computer’s CPU speed, you might find that settings
in the middle work best (256 to 1024).
Transport responsiveness
Buffer size also impacts how quickly your audio
software will respond when you begin playback,
although not by amounts that are very noticeable.
Lowering the buffer size will make your software
respond faster; raising the buffer size will make it a
little bit slower, but barely enough to notice.
Effects processing and automated mixing
Reducing latency with the buffer size setting has
another benefit: it lets you route live inputs through
the real-time effects processing and mix
automation of your audio software.
CUEMIX DSP HARDWARE MONITORING
The 896HD has a more direct method of patching
audio through the system. This method is called
CueMix DSP. When enabled, CueMix activates
hardware patch-thru in the 896HD itself. CueMix
DSP has two important benefits:
The trade-off, however, is that CueMix DSP
bypasses your host audio software. Instead, live
audio inputs are patched directly through to
outputs in the 896HD itself and are mixed with
disk tracks playing back from your audio software.
This means that you cannot apply plug-ins, mix
automation, or other real-time effects that your
audio software provides. But for inputs that don’t
need these types of features, CueMix DSP is the
way to go.
On the other hand, if you really need to use the
mixing and processing provided by your audio
software, you should not use CueMix DSP. Instead,
reduce latency with the buffer setting (as explained
earlier in this chapter).
TWO METHODS FOR CONTROLLING
CUEMIX DSP
There are two ways to control CueMix DSP:
■
With CueMix Console
From within your host audio software (if it
supports direct hardware monitoring)
■
You can even use both methods simultaneously.
Using CueMix Console
If your host audio software does not support direct
hardware monitoring, you run CueMix Console
side-by-side with your audio software and manage
your monitor mix in CueMix Console.
CueMix Console allows you to create up to four
separate 896HD monitor mixes, or any other
desired routing configurations. These routings are
89
REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
independent of your host audio software. For
complete details, see chapter 12, “CueMix
Console” (page 93).
Controlling CueMix DSP from your audio
software
Some audio applications allow you to control
CueMix DSP monitoring from within the
application (without the need to use CueMix
Console). In most cases, this support consists of
patching an 896HD input directly to an output
when you record-arm a track. Exactly how this is
handled depends on the application.
2 Choose the Direct hardware playthrough option,
as shown below in Figure 11-8.
3 From the Studio menu (Windows menu under
OS 9), choose Audio Monitor, and enable Audio
Patch Thru (the button with the headphone icon
on it).
The following applications are among those that
support direct control over CueMix DSP:
■
Digital Performer (Mac OS 9 and X)
■
AudioDesk (Mac OS 9 and X)
■
ASIO-compatible audio software (Mac OS 9)
CueMix DSP routings that are made via host
applications are made “under the hood”, which
means that you won’t see them in CueMix Console.
However, CueMix DSP connections made inside
your host audio software dovetail with any other
mixes you’ve set up in CueMix Console. For
example, if your host application routes audio to an
output pair that is already being used in CueMix
Console for an entirely separate mix bus, both
audio streams will simply be merged to the output.
Follow the directions below in the section that
applies to you.
Controlling CueMix DSP from within AudioDesk
or Digital Performer
To turn on CueMix DSP in AudioDesk and Digital
Performer:
1 From the Setup menu (Basics menu under
OS 9), choose MOTU Audio System options>Input
Monitoring Mode.
Figure 11-8: Enabling CueMix DSP in AudioDesk or Digital Performer.
Once enabled, CueMix DSP monitoring is tied
with Digital Performer or AudioDesk’s Audio Patch
Thru feature: when you record-enable a track, the
track’s input is routed directly to its output (via
CueMix DSP in the 896HD hardware). For
example, if you record-enable a track called guitar
in your DP or AudioDesk project, and its audio
input assignment is Analog in 2, and its audio
output assignment is optical channels 7-8, CueMix
DSP no-latency hardware monitoring will
automatically be set up from Analog in 2 to optical
outputs 7-8.
☛
Note to 828 or 896 users who have upgraded
to an 896HD: notice that the Auto Cuemix Update
check box has been removed as a result of the
896HD’s more flexible and powerful CueMix DSP
features. Auto CueMix Update is no longer needed
90
REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
because you enjoy the benefits of CueMix DSP
patch thru, plus separate, independent mixing
under CueMix Console, thanks to the much more
powerful CueMix DSP engine.
Using CueMix with Sound Manager (Mac OS 9
only)
To enable CueMix DSP for a host application that is
using the MOTU FireWire Sound Manager driver:
1 Open the Sound Control Panel, click the Input
tab, and check the Play sound through output device
option. Alternately, you can use the CueMix
Console (described in chapter 12, “CueMix
Console” (page 93)) to manually patch a live input
to an output.
page 78). In Cubase SX or Nuendo, enable the
Direct Monitoring check box in the Device Setup
VST Multitrack tab (Figure 11-4 on page 88).
Other ASIO 2.0-compatible host software
If your ASIO-compatible host audio software
supports ASIO’s direct monitoring feature, consult
your software documentation to learn how to
enable this feature. Once enabled, it should work
similarly as described for Cubase (as explained in
the previous section).
2 To control the overall level of the CueMix input,
Use the CueMix Console.
Controlling CueMix DSP from within Cubase or
Nuendo
To turn on CueMix in Cubase VST, enable the ASIO
Direct Monitor check box in the Monitoring section
of the Audio System Setup window (Figure 10-3 on
91
REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
92
REDUCING MONITORING LATENCY
CHAPTER 12
CueMix Console
OVERVIEW
CueMix Console provides access to the flexible
on-board mixing features of the 896HD. CueMix
lets you route any combination of inputs to any
stereo output pair. These mixes can be set up
entirely independently of your host audio software.
CueMix allows you to set up four completely
independent mix configurations with the 896HD.
You can also save and load mix configurations.
CueMix Console can be used independently of
host audio software, or together with it. CueMix
mixing dovetails with the direct monitoring
(hardware patch thru) features of your host audio
software, allowing you to seemlessly mix in both
environments. CueMix Console can also be
controlled from automated hardware control
surfaces such as the Mackie Control™.
Advantages of CueMix monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
CueMix Console installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Cuemix Console basic operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Working with a mix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Shortcuts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Copying & pasting (duplicating) entire mixes . . . . . . . . 96
Message center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
File menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Edit menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Phones menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Control Surfaces menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Stand-alone operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
CueMix Console examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Message center
Input name
Input scroll bar
Solo indicator
Input mute/solo
Master mute
(enable/disable)
Mix output
Input pan
Input volume
Master fader
Output level
Mix tabs
Grow box
Input section
Figure 12-1: CueMix Console is a virtual mixer that gives you control over the 896HD’s on-board mixing features.
93
ADVANTAGES OF CUEMIX MONITORING
CueMix Console provides several major
advantages over monitoring live inputs through
your host audio software:
CueMix has no buffer latency. Thanks to the
896HD’s DSP chip, CueMix provides the same
throughput performance as a digital mixer.
■
CueMix imposes absolutely no processor drain
on the computer’s CPU.
■
■ CueMix routing can be maintained
independently of individual software applications
or projects.
■ CueMix routing can operate without the
computer, allowing the 896HD to operate as a
portable, stand-alone mixer.
CueMix Console does not provide effects
processing. For information about using your
audio software’s native plug-ins together with
CueMix, see chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring
Latency” (page 85).
CUEMIX CONSOLE INSTALLATION
CueMix Console is installed with the rest of your
896HD software.
CUEMIX CONSOLE BASIC OPERATION
The CueMix console is simple to operate, once you
understand these basic concepts.
Four mixes
CueMix provides four separate mixes: Mix1, Mix2,
Mix3 and Mix4. Each mix can have any number of
inputs mixed down to any 896HD output pair that
you choose. For example, Mix1 could go to the
headphones, Mix2 could go to the main outs, Mix3
could go to a piece of outboard gear connected to
analog outputs 7-8, etc.
At the 4x samples rates (176.4 and 192kHz),
CueMix DSP supports only two independent
monitor mixes, due to the extremely high
bandwidth demands of these sample rates.
Many inputs to one output pair
It might be useful to think of each mix as some
number of inputs all mixed down to a stereo output
pair. CueMix Console lets you choose which inputs
to include in the mix, and it lets you specify the
level and pan for each input being fed into the mix.
Viewing one mix at a time
CueMix Console displays one mix at a time. To
select which mix you are viewing, click its tab at the
bottom of the window, as shown in Figure 12-1.
The mix name appears in the tab. Double-click the
name to change it.
Each mix is completely independent
Each mix has its own settings. Settings in one mix
will not affect another. For example, if an input is
used in one mix, it will still be available in other
mixes. In addition, inputs can have a different
volume, pan, mute and solo setting in each mix.
Widening the CueMix Console window
To view more input faders at once, drag the grow
box (Figure 12-1) to the right.
WORKING WITH A MIX
Each mix has the following components:
■
A stereo output with master fader
■
Name
■
Master mute (to enable/disable the entire mix)
■
Any number of mono or stereo inputs
■
Pan, volume, mute and solo for each input
These elements are visually grouped together in the
lightly shaded area in the lower half of the CueMix
Console window.
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CUEMIX CONSOLE
Viewing a mix
To view a mix, click its tab at the bottom of the
window, as shown in Figure 12-1. The mix name
appears in the tab.
Naming a mix
Double-click the mix name in the tab.
Master mute
The master mute button (Figure 12-1) temporarily
disables (silences) the mix.
Master fader
The master fader (Figure 12-1) controls the overall
level of the mix (its volume on its stereo output).
Use the individual input faders to the left to control
individual input levels.
Adjusting master faders from the front panel
You can adjust the master fader level for each mix
using the MONITOR LEVEL knob on the 896HD
front panel. When you turn it, the analog input
meters (channels 1-4) temporarily display the
current volume setting for each mix. A few seconds
after you stop turning (or pushing) the knob, the
meters revert back to displaying analog input
levels.
The MONITOR LEVEL knob controls each
CueMix master fader as follows:
Action
Result
Push the knob
To view the current fader levels for all
four CueMix busses.
Turn the knob
To adjust the currently selected fader.
(This is indicated by a flashing red
“over” LED at the top of the meter.)
Push the knob again
To cycle to the next mix bus. The
flashing red “over” LED shows you
which bus you are adjusting.
When using the MONITOR LEVEL knob to view
and modify the CueMix master fader levels, the
8-channel bank of programmable meters (to the
right of the analog input meters) displays the
output level for each mix bus as follows:
Programmable meter channels
Mix bus
1-2
Mix1
3-4
Mix2
5-6
Mix3
7-8
Mix4
Output level meters
The OUT level meters show you the output for the
mix’s physical output, which may include audio
from your host audio software. The clip indicators
clear themselves after a few seconds.
Input section
The channel strips to the left of the master fader
represent each input in your 896HD. Use the input
scroll bar to view additional inputs.
Input mute/solo
To add an input to a mix, or remove it, click its
MUTE button. To solo it, use its SOLO button. To
toggle these buttons for a stereo pair, hold down
the command key while clicking either channel.
The Solo indicator LED (Figure 12-1) lights up
when any input is soloed (including inputs that
may currently be scrolled off-screen).
Input volume and pan
Use the input fader and pan knob (Figure 12-1) to
adjust these settings for the input in the mix. Again,
all settings within the gray-shaded channel strip
area belong to the mix currently being viewed.
Note that an input can have different settings in
different mixes.
To adjust the volume or panning for a stereo input
pair, hold down the command key while dragging
the fader or knob for either the left or right input.
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CUEMIX CONSOLE
SHORTCUTS
Hold down the following modifier keys as
shortcuts:
Shortcut
Result
Shift key
Applies your action to all inputs in the mix.
Command key
Applies your action to the stereo input pair
Option key
Applies your action to all busses
Double-click
Returns the control to its default value (pan
center, unity gain, etc.)
COPYING & PASTING (DUPLICATING)
ENTIRE MIXES
To copy and paste the settings from one mix to
another:
1 Select the source mix (Figure 12-1) and choose
Copy from the file menu (or press command-C).
2 Choose the destination mix and choose Paste
from the file menu (or press command-V).
MESSAGE CENTER
The Message Center displays fly-over help for items
in the CueMix Console window. It also displays
messages regarding the overall operation of the
896HD.
FILE MENU
The CueMix Console File menu has the following
items.
Save Preset / Load Preset
The 896HD can store up to 16 presets in its onboard memory. A preset includes of all CueMix
DSP settings for all for mix busses, but it excludes
global settings like clock source and sample rate.
The Load Preset and Save Preset commands in the
CueMix Console file menu let you name, save and
load presets in the 896HD hardware.
Save / Load
The Save and Load commands in the CueMix
Console File menu allow you to save 896HD
presets to and from your hard drive. This allows
you to save an unlimited number of 896HD presets
on disk. (Use the Load Preset and Save Preset
commands to get presets from — and save them to
— the 896HD itself.) Choose Save to save the
current configuration; choose Load to open an
existing configuration that you have previously
saved to disk.
Edit Channel Names
The Edit Channel Names command in the File
menu lets you change generic 896HD input and
output names (e.g. “Analog 1”, “Analog 2”, etc.) to
more descriptive names like “snare mic” and
“reverb return”. This menu command provides
access to the same channel naming window as the
Edit Channel Names button in the MOTU FireWire
Console window General tab. For complete details
about naming channels, see “Edit Channel Names”
on page 43.
Mix1 Return Includes Computer
The Mix1 return includes computer item in the
CueMix Console File menu refers to the Mix1 bus
that the 896HD driver provides as an input to host
audio software. This input source delivers the
output of CueMix DSP “MIX1” (the first mix bus of
the four on-board no-latency monitor mixes in the
896HD) back to your computer. This input serves,
for example, as a convenient way for you to record
the 896HD’s MIX1 monitor mix back into your
host audio software (for reference and archiving
purposes).
When the Mix1 return includes computer menu
item is checked, any audio being sent from your
audio software on the computer to the same output
as Mix1 will be included in the Mix1 return bus.
When it is uchecked, computer output is excluded.
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CUEMIX CONSOLE
This menu item is essentially a pre/post switch for
the computer audio insert to the stream of audio
going to Mix1’s 896HD output pair (and also back
to the computer).
Show meter in dock icon (Mac OS X only)
This CueMix Console File menu item, when
checked, causes the CueMix Console dock icon to
display a small level meter that mirrors the main
output meter for the current mix being displayed in
CueMix Console.
EDIT MENU
The commands in the Edit menu let you copy and
paste entire mix bus settings. See “Copying &
pasting (duplicating) entire mixes” on page 96.
PHONES MENU
The Phones menu allows you to choose what you
will hear on the headphone output, just like the
Phones setting the MOTU FireWire Audio
Console. However, this menu provides one extra
option that is exclusive to CueMix Console: Follow
Active Mix. This menu item, when checked, causes
the headphone output to mirror the output of the
current mix being viewed in CueMix Console. For
example, if you are currently viewing Mix3 (the
Mix3 tab is active), the headphones will mirror the
Mix3 output (whatever it is assigned to).
CONTROL SURFACES MENU
CueMix Console can be controlled from an
automated control surface such as the Mackie
Control™. Use the commands in the Control
Surfaces menu to enable and configure this feature.
Application follows control surface
When checked, the Application follows control
surface menu command makes the CueMix
Console window scroll to the channel you are
currently adjusting with the control surface, if the
channel is not visible when you begin adjusting it.
The same is true for the bus tabs: if you adjust a
control in a bus that is not currently being
displayed, CueMix Console will jump to the
appropriate tab to display the control you are
adjusting.
Share surfaces with other applications
When the Share surfaces with other applications
menu command is checked, CueMix Console
releases the control surface when you switch to
another application. This allows you to control
your other software with the control surface. Here’s
a simple way to understand this mode: the control
surface will always control the front-most
application. Just bring the desired application to
the front (make it the active application), and your
control surface will control it. When you’d like to
make changes to CueMix Console from the control
surface, just bring CueMix Console to the front
(make it the active application).
When this menu item is unchecked, your control
surface will affect CueMix Console all the time,
even when CueMix Console is not the front-most
application. In addition, you will not be able to
control other host audio software with the control
surface at any time (because CueMix Console
retains control over it at all times). This mode is
useful when you do not need to use the control
surface with any other software.
Mackie Control Surfaces
CueMix Console includes support for the following
control surface products:
■
Mackie Control™
■
Mackie HUI™
■
Mackie Baby HUI™
Use the sub-menu commands in the Mackie
Control Surfaces menu item to turn on and
configure control surface support, as described
briefly below.
97
CUEMIX CONSOLE
Enabled
Check this menu item to turn on control surface
operation of CueMix Console. Uncheck it to turn
off control surface support.
Configure…
Choose this menu item to configure your control
surface product. Launch the on-line help for
specific, detailed instructions for configuring
CueMix Console for operation with your control
surface product.
instructions (Figure 12-2) for HUI operation.
Consult the SAC-2.2 manual for details about how
put it into HUI emulation mode.
Other HUI-compatible control surfaces
Any control surface that has the ability to emulate a
HUI should be compatible with CueMix Console.
Just put the control surface hardware into HUI
emulation mode, and then follow the CueMix
Console on-line help instructions (Figure 12-2) for
HUI operation. Consult the manual for the control
surface for details about how put it into HUI
emulation mode.
Other control surface hardware products
If you install other control surface drivers written
for CueMix Console, they will appear as separate
menu items at the bottom of the Control Surfaces
menu, with the same sub-menu items described
above.
Figure 12-2: Refer to the extensive on-line help for details about
configuring CueMix Console for operation with your control surface
product.
Radikal Technologies SAC-2.2
The Radikal Technologies SAC-2.2 can be used via
its HUI emulation mode. Just put the SAC-2.2
hardware into HUI emulation mode, and then
follow the CueMix Console on-line help
98
CUEMIX CONSOLE
Figure 12-3: An example setup of a system that takes full advantage of CueMix DSP.
STAND-ALONE OPERATION
All settings, including all mix settings and global
settings, are saved in the 896HD’s memory, and
they remain in effect even when the 896HD is not
connected to a computer. This allows you to use the
896HD as a stand-alone 8-bus mixer. You can make
adjustments to the four mix bus master faders at
any time from the front panel.
CUEMIX CONSOLE EXAMPLES
Figure 12-3 shows some examples of how you can
use CueMix DSP:
Powered speakers are connected to the 896HD
main outs. Any input can be routed directly to the
speakers.
■
can be recorded into the computer either wet, dry
or both (via the effects processor return or the
direct mic input).
■ The ADAT optical connection provides 8
channels of 24-bit digital I/O to the digital mixer
(or 4 channels at 96kHz). Any device connected to
the 896HD can be routed to/from the mixer with
no latency. Conversely, any mixer channel can be
routed to any device connected to the 896HD with
no latency.
■ Another example of ADAT optical connectivity
is to use Giga Studio, and use CueMix DSP to route
Giga inputs directly to the powered monitors
connected to the 896HD for no-latency
monitoring of your Giga tracks.
Microphone input can be routed via CueMix
DSP to the effects processor for live outboard
processing during recording. The resulting signal
■
99
CUEMIX CONSOLE
100
CUEMIX CONSOLE
CHAPTER 13
Troubleshooting
Using Pro Tools, Sound Manager and -50 error (OS
9 only)
When using Sound Manager, Pro Tools software
will only allow audio input via the Macintosh's
Built-in hardware. Therefore, you cannot use the
896HD as the input device to Pro Tools software. If
the 896HD driver is selected as the input device in
the Sound Control Panel, Pro Tools will return a 50 error and not launch. You can, however, select
Built-in as the input device and the 896HD as the
output device in the Sound Control Panel. After
doing so, you can run Pro Tools and monitor your
output through the MOTU 896HD.
Sample accurate sync in AudioDesk and Digital
Performer
When you first use sample accurate sync, be sure to
go to the Receive Sync dialog in Digital Performer
or AudioDesk and switch from “MTC” to “Sampleaccurate.”
Cubase - MOTU 896HD inputs and outputs are not
visible in Cubase
You probably need to enable them in Cubase.
Can’t authenticate AudioDesk
When installing software off the CD-ROM, the OK
button does not become active until you have
entered in your name and a valid keycode. Your
name must contain at least 3 characters, and you
must enter the keycode exactly as it appears in your
AudioDesk manual (on the inside of the back
cover).
MOTU FireWire Audio Console or Control Strip
module settings are grayed out for no reason
Some settings cannot be accessed while the 896HD
is active. Quit all audio software that uses the
896HD (including any Sound Manager
applications, if any), and then the 896HD settings
should no longer be grayed out.
No input on an ADAT tape deck
If you are having trouble recording on your ADAT
tape deck from the 896HD, check the Digital input
setting. After power cycling, tape decks often come
up configured to record from their analog inputs.
You won't be able to record from the 896HD to a
tape deck until it is switched to digital input. Tip:
configure this in ClockWorks or AudioDesk if you
want your decks to come up in the right mode
when power cycled.
Clicks and pops under word clock sync
Many problems result from incorrect word
clocking. It is essential that all digital devices in the
system be word locked. Consult “Making sync
connections” on page 19 for detailed information
on how to word clock your gear. Whenever there is
any weird noise or distortion, suspect incorrect
word lock.
Clicks and pops under ADAT Sync
Sometimes, the ADAT sync cable seems to be
plugged into the 896HD, and it partially works. But
it isn’t really all the way in. This can cause clicks
when slaved to ADAT 9-pin. Make sure the ADAT
Sync cable plug is really seated firmly.
Clicks and pops due to hard drive problems
If you have checked your clock settings and you are
still getting clicks and pops in your audio, you may
have a drive related problem. Set your Clock
Source to Internal and try recording just using the
analog inputs and outputs of the 896HD. If you
encounter the same artifacts you may want try
using another drive in your computer. Clicks and
pops can also occur when the drive is severely
fragmented, the disk drivers are outdated, or if you
are using a SCSI accelerator that is not optimally
configured for working with audio.
101
Connecting or powering gear during operation
It is not recommended that you connect/
disconnect, or power on/off devices connected to
the 896HD while recording or playing back audio.
Doing so may cause a brief glitch in the audio.
No optical inputs or outputs are available in host
audio application
Check to make sure you have the desired optical
inputs and/or outputs enabled in the MOTU
FireWire Audio Console.
Monitoring - How to monitor inputs?
Please refer to the documentation for the audio
application that you are using. If your application
does not support input monitoring, you will need
to use the 896HD’s hardware-based CueMix DSP
monitoring feature. Please see chapter 11,
“Reducing Monitoring Latency” (page 85).
Controlling monitoring latency
See chapter 11, “Reducing Monitoring Latency”
(page 85).
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
We are happy to provide customer support to our
registered users. If you haven’t already done so,
please take a moment to complete the registration
card included with your 896HD. When we receive
your card, you’ll be placed on our mailing list for
free software updates and information about new
products.
REPLACING DISKS
If your 896HD software installer CD becomes
damaged and fails to provide you with fresh,
working copies of the software, our Customer
Support Department will be glad to replace it. You
can request a replacement disc by calling our
business office at (617) 576-2760 and asking for the
customer service department.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
If you are unable, with your dealer’s help, to solve
problems you encounter with the 896HD system,
you may contact our technical support department
in one of the following ways:
Tech support hotline: (617) 576-3066 (Monday
through Friday, 9 am to 6 pm EST)
■
■
Tech support 24-hour fax line: (617) 354-3068
■
Tech support email: techsupport@motu.com
■
Web site: www.motu.com
Please provide the following information to help us
solve your problem as quickly as possible:
■ The serial number of the 896HD system. This is
printed on a sticker placed on the bottom of the
896HD rack unit. You must be able to supply this
number to receive technical support.
■ A brief explanation of the problem, including the
exact sequence of actions which cause it, and the
contents of any error messages which appear on the
screen.
■ The pages in the manual which refer to the parts
of the 896HD or AudioDesk with which you are
having trouble.
■ The version or creation date of the system
software you are using to run the Macintosh.
We’re not able to solve every problem immediately,
but a quick call to us may yield a suggestion for a
problem which you might otherwise spend hours
trying to track down.
If you have features or ideas you would like to see
implemented, we’d like to hear from you. Please
write to the 896HD Development Team, MOTU
Inc., 1280 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA
02138.
102
TROUBLESHOOTING
02R mixer 25
connecting 18
115V/220V switch 6
1394 connector 6, 11, 15
192kHz operation 38
2408mk3
Word Clock In setting 39, 47
24-bit
AudioDesk 64
Digital Performer 56
optical 6, 10
recording 12
24i/o
Word Clock In setting 39, 47
828
connecting 32
896HD
expansion 31
input/output summary 10
installing 15
rear panel overview 9
summary of features 9
896HD tab 38
A
Aardvark Aard Sync 30
ADAT
metering 5
sync 24
ADAT 9-pin 10, 39, 47
ADAT IN/OUT LEDs 5
ADAT lightpipe 25
ADAT optical 6, 10
clock source setting 40, 47
connecting 16
syncing with 39, 47
ADAT Sync 10
connector 6
sample-accurate 21, 22, 23
sync setting 39, 47
ADAT sync
sample-accurate 57, 66
adjusting bus levels 5
AES In option (sample rate conversion)
42, 50
AES Out ÷ 2 option 42, 50
AES Out slave to AES in 29
AES Out slave to AES in option 42, 50
AES Out x 2 / AES Out ÷ 2 29
AES Out x 2 option 42, 50
AES/EBU 6, 10
clock source setting 39, 47
clocking 28
connecting to 16
metering 5
Meters 7
synchronization 26
AES/EBU Meters option 42, 50
Analog
input meters 5
input/output summary 10
inputs/outputs 6
making connections to 16
metering 11
out LED 5
output metering 5
Analog inputs/outputs
trimming in Digital Performer 56,
Apple menu 34
Application dock 7
ASIO 35, 75
ASIO 2.0 option 83
MOTU 828 ASIO driver 34
ASIO Control Panel button 37, 45
Audio
bit resolution 38, 46
input/output timing 56, 65
AudioDesk 12, 33, 34, 36, 61
accessing 828 settings 37, 45
MMC control 22
sync settings 22, 23
Default Stereo Input/Output 40
Default stereo Input/Output 7
Digital mixer
connecting 18
Digital Performer 12, 53
accessing 828 settings 37, 45
clock source 55, 69, 77
MMC control 22
Optical input/output 55, 63, 70
sample rate 54, 69, 77
sync settings 22, 23
Digital Timepiece 22
Disable check box 49
Disable interface option 32
Disable option 32
Disc
replacing 102
Dock 7
Drivers
installing USB drivers 33, 34
B
Balanced analog 16
E
Edit Channel Names 7
Buffer Size 48, 55, 63
Enable Sound Manager 49
Expansion 31
64, 73, 80
C
Calibrating audio input/output 56, 65
Clip Hold Time 7, 42, 50
Clipping 5
Clock
192kHz operation 38
Clock source 7, 19, 39, 46
AudioDesk 63
other audio interfaces 40
Clock status LEDs 5
Condenser mic input 5
Configure Hardware Driver 37, 45
Configure interface 31
Connecting multiple 896HDs 31
Control Panel (MOTU 828) 34, 37, 45
Control Strip 34
Control Strip module (828) 34, 37, 45
Control surface support 97
Converters 6
CoreAudio
defined 33
Cubase
Audio Buffer Size 70
Mac OS X 70
Optical input/output 77
synchronization 82
troubleshooting 101
using a foot switch 73, 84
CueMix Console 89, 93
CueMix DSP 5, 11, 89
output jacks 6
CueMix Plus
output jacks 16
volume control 5
Customer support 102
D
DAT
connecting 17
F
Feedback loops 56, 64, 72, 79
Fine-tune Audio I/O Timing command 57,
65
FireWire 11
connecting 15
connector 6
Follow Active Mix 97
Foot pedal
connecting 17
Foot switch 11, 43, 49
3rd party software 73, 84
AudioDesk 66
configuring 7
connecting 17
Digital Performer 58
jack 5
Force 1x word out rate 30
Force 44.1/48kHz 11
Forget button 32
Front panel 5
G
General tab 7, 38
Guitar
connecting 17
H
HD192
Word Clock In setting 39, 47
Headphone jack 5, 11
Headphone output 11
Headphones
connecting 17
controlling output 41, 49
IiMovie
103
I N D EX
audio input/output 40
Input gain 11
Input level meters 5
Inputs
analog 6
optical 6
Installation
hardware 15
software 34
Installer CD
replacing 102
Interface menu 49
Interface tabs 7
Internal (sync setting) 39, 46
iTunes
audio input/output 40
L
Latency 11, 48, 55, 63, 77, 85, 88
Launch console when hardware becomes
available 7, 43
LEDs 11
Level meters
configuring 42, 50
Lightpipe 25
Logic Audio 70
M
Mac OS X 69
input and output names 71
sound input/output 40
Mackie worksurfaces 97
Main outs 10
jacks 6
making connections to 16
metering 5
volume 5
Main volume 5
Metering 11
Metering options 42, 50
Mic inputs
connecting 17
phantom power 5
Mic preamps 10
Mic/line inputs 16
MIDI Machine Control 20, 21, 58
MIDI Time Code sync 20
MIDI Timepiece AV 22
Mix1 1-2 72
AudioDesk 64
Cubase/Nuendo 79
Digital Performer 56
Mix1 return includes computer 96
Mixing
using an external mixer 16
MMC 20, 21, 58
Monitor level 5
Monitor Level knob 5
Monitoring 11, 86
thru main outs 16
MOTU
Digital Timepiece 22
MIDI Timepiece AV 22
MOTU 324 Console 33
MOTU 828
ASIO driver 35
MOTU 828 Control Panel 34, 45
MOTU 828 Control Strip module 7, 34, 37,
45
MOTU Audio System
bit resolution 38, 46
Fine-tune Audio I/O Timing 57, 65
input/output timing 56, 65
MOTU FireWire Audio Console 7, 37
interface tabs 7
MOTU Folder 34
MTC sync 20
N
Neutrik™ connectors 16
Nuendo
Mac OS X 70
Optical input/output 77
synchronization 82
O
Optical
connectors 6, 16
enabling/disabling 41, 49
overview 10
sync 25
Optical input/output 7
Optimization 88
Outputs
analog 6
optical 6
Over LEDs 5
P
Packing list 13
Patch thru
latency 48, 88
Peak Hold Time 7, 42, 51
Pedal 11, 17, 43, 49
3rd party software 73, 84
AudioDesk 66
configuring 7
Digital Performer 58
jack 5
Performance 88
Phantom power 5, 10, 16
Phase-lock 19
Phones 5, 7, 41, 49, 72
AudioDesk 63
Digital Performer 55, 70, 77
Phones 1-2
AudioDesk 64
Cubase/Nuendo 82
Digital Performer 56
Phones menu 97
Power supply 6
Pro Tools 101
Problem-solving 101
Programmable Meters 7
Programmable meters option 42, 50
Punch in/out 11
R
Registration 13
S
Sample rate 7, 38, 46
192kHz operation 38
AudioDesk 63
LEDs 5
Sample rate conversion 27
Sample Rate Conversion option 41, 50
Sample rate convert 7
Sample-accurate sync 10, 21, 22, 23, 83
Samplers
connecting 17
Samples Per Buffer 48, 88
Samples per buffer 48, 55, 63, 77
Show meter in dock icon 97
SMPTE sync 19, 20, 24
Software
installation 34
Sound control panel
rate (bit resolution) 38, 46
Sound Manager
bit resolution 38, 46
enabling 49
grayed out 49
input/output timing 56, 65
Studio setup (example) 17
Sync
sample-accurate 21, 22, 23
Synchronization 19
AudioDesk 65
Cubase 82
Digital Performer 57
Nuendo 82
Synths
connecting 17
System preferences
sound input/output 40
System requirements
minimum 13
recommended computer 12, 13
T
Tascam
Sync 24
Technical support 102
Trim (input) 11
Troubleshooting 101
feedback loop 56, 64, 72, 79
U
Unbalanced analog 16
USB
installing drivers 33, 34
V
Video sync 19, 24
Volume
headphone 11
Volume knob 11
104
I N D E X
W
Word clock 11, 19, 24, 29
2x or one-half x 30
connectors 6
sync setting 39, 47
Word Clock In setting 39, 47
Word Out 7, 43, 51
X
XLR connectors 16
Y
Yamaha 02R
connecting 18
Yamaha 02R mixer 25
105