Black Box | Multi-Function Line Driver | Specifications | Black Box Multi-Function Line Driver Specifications

ME657A-F
ME658A-F
ME659A-F
MAY 1995
ME657A-M
ME658A-M
ME659A-M
Multi-Function Line Drivers
ctioner
n
u
F
MultiLine Driv
CUSTOMER
SUPPORT
INFORMATION
Order toll-free in the U.S.: Call 877-877-BBOX (outside U.S. call 724-746-5500)
FREE technical support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: Call 724-746-5500 or fax 724-746-0746
Mailing address: Black Box Corporation, 1000 Park Drive, Lawrence, PA 15055-1018
Web site: www.blackbox.com • E-mail: info@blackbox.com
FCC AND IC STATEMENTS, TRADEMARKS
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
AND
INDUSTRY CANADA
RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENTS
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy
and if not installed and used properly, that is, in strict accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio communication.
It has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
computing device in accordance with the specifications in Subpart J of
Part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection
against such interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause interference, in which case the user at his own expense will be required
to take whatever measures may be necessary to correct the interference.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emission from
digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulation of Industry Canada.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique publié par Industry Canada.
TRADEMARKS USED IN THIS MANUAL
AT&T is a registered trademark of AT&T.
Any other trademarks mentioned in this manual are acknowledged to be the property
of the trademark owners.
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
NORMAS OFICIALES MEXICANAS (NOM) ELECTRICAL SAFETY STATEMENT
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD
1. Todas las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser leídas antes
de que el aparato eléctrico sea operado.
2. Las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser guardadas para
referencia futura.
3. Todas las advertencias en el aparato eléctrico y en sus instrucciones de
operación deben ser respetadas.
4. Todas las instrucciones de operación y uso deben ser seguidas.
5. El aparato eléctrico no deberá ser usado cerca del agua—por ejemplo,
cerca de la tina de baño, lavabo, sótano mojado o cerca de una alberca,
etc.
6. El aparato eléctrico debe ser usado únicamente con carritos o pedestales
que sean recomendados por el fabricante.
7. El aparato eléctrico debe ser montado a la pared o al techo sólo como
sea recomendado por el fabricante.
8. Servicio—El usuario no debe intentar dar servicio al equipo eléctrico más
allá a lo descrito en las instrucciones de operación. Todo otro servicio
deberá ser referido a personal de servicio calificado.
9. El aparato eléctrico debe ser situado de tal manera que su posición no
interfiera su uso. La colocación del aparato eléctrico sobre una cama,
sofá, alfombra o superficie similar puede bloquea la ventilación, no se
debe colocar en libreros o gabinetes que impidan el flujo de aire por los
orificios de ventilación.
10. El equipo eléctrico deber ser situado fuera del alcance de fuentes de
calor como radiadores, registros de calor, estufas u otros aparatos
(incluyendo amplificadores) que producen calor.
NOM STATEMENT
11. El aparato eléctrico deberá ser connectado a una fuente de poder sólo
del tipo descrito en el instructivo de operación, o como se indique en el
aparato.
12. Precaución debe ser tomada de tal manera que la tierra fisica y la
polarización del equipo no sea eliminada.
13. Los cables de la fuente de poder deben ser guiados de tal manera que no
sean pisados ni pellizcados por objetos colocados sobre o contra ellos,
poniendo particular atención a los contactos y receptáculos donde salen
del aparato.
14. El equipo eléctrico debe ser limpiado únicamente de acuerdo a las
recomendaciones del fabricante.
15. En caso de existir, una antena externa deberá ser localizada lejos de las
lineas de energia.
16. El cable de corriente deberá ser desconectado del cuando el equipo no
sea usado por un largo periodo de tiempo.
17. Cuidado debe ser tomado de tal manera que objectos liquidos no sean
derramados sobre la cubierta u orificios de ventilación.
18. Servicio por personal calificado deberá ser provisto cuando:
A: El cable de poder o el contacto ha sido dañado; u
B: Objectos han caído o líquido ha sido derramado dentro del
aparato; o
C: El aparato ha sido expuesto a la lluvia; o
D: El aparato parece no operar normalmente o muestra un cambio en
su desempeño; o
E: El aparato ha sido tirado o su cubierta ha sido dañada.
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
Contents
Chapter
Page
1.
Specifications ............................................................................................. 1
2.
Introduction ............................................................................................... 4
2.1 Overview .............................................................................................. 4
2.2 Features ............................................................................................... 4
3.
Configuration .............................................................................................
3.1 Where the Switches Are ......................................................................
3.2 Configuration Switch “SW1” ..............................................................
3.3 Configuration Switch “SW2” ..............................................................
4.
Installation ................................................................................................ 11
4.1 The Modem-to-Modem Line Cables and Connectors .................... 11
4.2 RS-232 Serial Connections ............................................................... 18
5.
Operation and Diagnostics ......................................................................
5.1 Status LEDs ........................................................................................
5.2 Test Switches .....................................................................................
5.3 V.54 and V.52 Diagnostic Tests ........................................................
6.
Troubleshooting ...................................................................................... 25
6.1 Calling Black Box .............................................................................. 25
6.2 Shipping and Packaging ................................................................... 25
5
5
6
8
20
20
21
21
Appendix A: Cable Recommendations ......................................................... 26
Appendix B: Block Diagram .......................................................................... 28
CHAPTER 1: Specifications
1. Specifications
Cable Required —
For modem-to-modem line: Two- or four-wire
unconditioned twisted-pair, 19 to 26 AWG (see
Appendix A), pinned as shown in Section 4.1.2
Compliance —
FCC Part 15 Class A, DOC Class/MDC classe A
Interfaces —
Serial: EIA RS-232/ITU-TSS [CCITT] V.24;
Line: Two- or four-wire telco
Protocol —
Synchronous or asynchronous
Clock Source —
Internal, external (from DTE), or received (from
other Card) (user-selectable)
Data Format —
Word length (including start bit, data bits, stop bits,
and parity bit) must equal 8, 9, 10, or 11 bits (userselectable)
Flow Control —
Transparent to all types of software (X-ON/X-OFF,
robust X-ON/X-OFF, etc.) flow control; can be set
to support hardware flow control
Operating Mode —
Two-wire half-duplex or four-wire full- or halfduplex (user-selectable)
Data Rates —
38.4, 28.8, 19.2, 14.4, 9.6, 7.2, 4.8, 3.6, 2.4, 1.8, or
1.2 Kbps (user-selectable)
Maximum
Distance —
See the maximum distance chart in Appendix A
Isolation —
1500 volts RMS minimum using custom transformers
1
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
Surge-Protection
Method —
Silicon Avalanche Diodes
Surge-Response
Time —
1 ps
Maximum Surge
Protection —
600 watts dissipated after 1 ms
User Controls —
(2) Top-mounted toggle switches:
LOOP (Remote Digital or Local Analog loopback),
BERT (511 or 511/E V.52 diagnostics);
(2) Bottom-mounted 8-position DIP switches:
(1) for data rate, clock source, protocol, and carrier
control;
(1) for 2- or 4-wire operation, diagnostics, RTS/CTS
delay, signaling-rate range, and word length
Indicators —
(2) Top-mounted LEDs: Test (next to LOOP switch),
Error (next to BERT switch)
Diagnostics —
ITU-TSS V.54 remote digital and local analog
loopbacks; ITU-TSS V.52 BERT testing
Connectors —
ME657A-M:
(1) 5-position terminal block with strain relief for
modem-to-modem line,
(1) DB25 male for serial connection;
ME657A-F:
(1) 5-position terminal block with strain relief for
modem-to-modem line,
(1) DB25 female for serial connection;
ME658A-M:
(1) 6-pin RJ-11 female for modem-to-modem line,
(1) DB25 male for serial connection;
ME658A-F:
(1) 6-pin RJ-11 female for modem-to-modem line,
(1) DB25 female for serial connection;
2
CHAPTER 1: Specifications
ME659A-M:
(1) RJ-45 female for modem-to-modem line,
(1) DB25 male for serial connection;
ME659A-F:
(1) RJ-45 female for modem-to-modem line,
(1) DB25 female for serial connection
Temperature —
32 to 140˚F (0 to 60˚C)
Humidity —
0 to 95% noncondensing
Maximum
Altitude —
15,000 ft. (4572 m)
Power —
From EIA RS-232 interface;
Consumption: 56 to 70 mW
Size —
0.8"H x 2.1"W x 3.6"D (2 x 5.3 x 9 cm)
Weight —
2 oz. (56.8 g)
3
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
2. Introduction
2.1 Overview
The Multi-Function Line Driver (MFLD) is a carrier-controlled short-range
modem that requires no AC power or batteries. The MFLD operates across
two wires (half-duplex) or four wires (full- or half-duplex), communicating
with DTEs synchronously or asynchronously, up to a maximum range of
12 miles (19.3 km). You can set the MFLD to any of twelve data rates from
1.2 to 38.4 Kbps.
Multi-Function Line Drivers always communicate with each other
synchronously. When connected to an asynchronous RS-232 device, an MFLD
performs synchronous↔asynchronous conversion.
The Multi-Function Line Driver has several features that enhance its overall
performance, including automatic equalization, transformer isolation, and
Silicon Avalanche Diode surge protection. The MFLD also has strong
diagnostics: It features V.52-compliant bit-error-rate (BERT) pattern tests
and two V.54 test modes.
The Multi-Function Line Driver is housed in an ABS plastic case and comes
with either a male or a female DB25 connector and either an RJ-11 jack, an
RJ-45 jack, or a terminal block with strain relief.
2.2 Features
• Convenient rack-card design
• Synchronous or asynchronous communication
• Data rates up to 38.4 Kbps, distances up to 12 miles (19.3 km)
• 2-wire/half-duplex or 4-wire/full- or half-duplex operation
• Internal, external, or received loopback clocking
• Hardware or software flow control
• Automatic equalization and gain control
• Built-in transformer isolation and high-speed surge protection
• V.52 and V.54 test modes
4
CHAPTER 3: Configuration
3. Configuration
This chapter describes the locations and posssible settings of the MultiFunction Line Driver’s DIP configuration switches, and provides detailed
instructions for setting them. Once you’ve configured the Multi-Function
Line Driver, it is designed to operate reliably and transparently, without
needing to be frequently reconfigured. Just set it and forget it!
3.1 Where the Switches Are
The Multi-Function Line Driver has two 8-position DIP switches—SW1 and
SW2—mounted on its underside, as shown in Figure 3-1 below. These
configuration switches allow you to select data rates, clocking methods, V.52
and V.54 tests, word lengths, extended signaling rates, sync or async protocol,
and 2- or 4-wire operation. As shown in Figure 3-2 on the next page, the “ON”
and “OFF” points are the same for all of the switch positions.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
OFF
OFF
SW1
SW2
Figure 3-1. The MFLD’s bottom panel and configuration switches.
5
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
ON
ON
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OFF
Figure 3-2. The ON and OFF settings of the DIP switches.
3.2 Configuration Switch “SW1”
Use the individual positions on DIP switch SW1 to set data rate, clock source,
sync vs. async protocol, and carrier-control method. The factory-default
settings are summarized in Table 3-1 below.
Table 3-1. Switch SW1 Summary
6
Position
Function
Default Setting
SW1-1
SW1-2
SW1-3
SW1-4
Data Rate
Data Rate
Data Rate
Data Rate
On
Off
Off
On
9600 bps
SW1-5
SW1-6
Clock Source
Clock Source
On
On
Internal
SW1-7
Protocol
On
Asynchronous
SW1-8
Carrier Control
Off
Constantly ON
CHAPTER 3: Configuration
SW1 Positions 1 through 4: Data-Rate Setting
Set positions 1 through 4 of switch S1 to determine the data rate (valid for
both synchronous and asynchronous protocols) of the Multi-Function Line
Driver.
SW1-1
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
SW1-2
On
On
Off
Off
On
On
Off
Off
On
On
On
SW1-3
On
On
On
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
On
On
Off
SW1-4 Data Rate
On
1.2 Kbps
On
1.8 Kbps
On
2.4 Kbps
On
3.6 Kbps
On
4.8 Kbps
On
7.2 Kbps
On
9.6 Kbps (default)
On
14.4 Kbps
Off
19.2 Kbps
Off
28.8 Kbps
Off
38.4 Kbps
SW1 Positions 5 and 6: Clock Source
Set positions 5 and 6 of switch SW1 to determine which transmit-clock
source the Multi-Function Line Driver uses.
SW1-5
On
Off
On
SW1-6
On
On
Off
Clock Source
Internal transmit clock (default)
Receive-recover clock
External transmit clock
SW1 Position 7: Protocol
Set position 7 of switch SW1 to determine whether the Multi-Function Line
Driver operates synchronously or asynchronously.
SW1-7 Protocol
On
Asynchronous (default)
Off
Synchronous
7
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
SW1 Position 8: Carrier-Control Method
Set position 8 of switch SW1 to determine whether the carrier is “constantly
on” or “controlled by RTS.” In the “controlled by RTS” setting, the Switch can
support switched-carrier, multipoint, or hardware flow-control applications.
SW1-8 Carrier
Off
Constantly ON (default)
On
Controlled by RTS
3.3 Configuration Switch “S2”
Use the individual positions on DIP switch S2 to set word length, signalingrate range, RTS/CTS delay, or 2- or 4-wire operation, as well as to control
diagnostic testing. The factory-default settings are summarized in Table 3-2
below.
Table 3-2. Switch SW2 Summary
8
Position
Function
Default Setting
SW2-1
SW2-2
Word Length
Word Length
Off
Off
10 bits
SW2-3
Signaling-Rate Range
Off
-2.5 to +1%
SW2-4
SW2-5
RTS/CTS Delay
RTS/CTS Delay
On
On
7 ms
SW2-6
SW2-7
2-Wire/4-Wire
2-Wire/4-Wire
On
Off
4-wire full duplex
SW2-8
V.52, V.54 Tests
Off
Tests Enabled
CHAPTER 3: Configuration
SW2 Positions 1 and 2: Word Length
Set positions 1 and 2 of switch SW2 to determine the word length that the
Multi-Function Line Driver will expect for synchronous or asynchronous data.
For example, if you are using the most common data format (1 start bit, 8
data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity), you would use the factory-default wordlength setting (10 bits).
SW2-1
On
On
Off
Off
SW2-2
Off
On
Off
On
Word Length
8 bits
9 bits
10 bits (default)
11 bits
SW2 Position 3: Signaling-Rate Range
Set position 3 of switch SW2 to determine the degree of asynchronous datarate fluctuation that the Multi-Function Line Driver will accept (that is, how
much variance from a given frequency level the MFLD will tolerate).
S2-3
Off
On
Signaling-Rate Range
–2.5% to +1% (default)
–2.5% to +2.3%
SW2 Positions 4 and 5: RTS/CTS Delay
Set positions 4 and 5 of switch SW2 to determine the amount of time the
Multi-Function Line Driver waits after it “sees” RTS before it sends CTS.
Possible settings are no delay, 7 ms, or 53 ms.
SW2-4
On
On
Off
Off
SW2-5
On
Off
On
Off
RTS/CTS Delay
7 ms (default)
53 ms
No delay
No delay
9
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
SW2 Positions 6 and 7: 2-Wire vs. 4-Wire Operation
Set position 6 of switch SW2 to determine whether the Multi-Function Line
Driver operates in 2-wire or 4-wire mode. (For 2-wire mode to work, SW1
position 8 must be ON.) In 4-wire mode, set position 7 of switch SW2 to
determine whether the MFLD operates in full duplex or half-duplex.
SW2-6
On
On
Off
SW2-7
On
Off
On
Operation
4-wire half-duplex
4-wire full duplex
2-wire (half-duplex only)
SW2 Position 8: V.52 and V.54 Diagnostic Testing
To reset the V.54 circuit, turn switch S2 position 3 ON, then back OFF.
SW2-8 Test Mode
Off
Tests Enabled (default)
On
Tests Disabled
10
CHAPTER 4: Installation
4. Installation
Once the Multi-Function Line Driver is properly configured, you can connect
it to your system. This chapter describes how to run twisted-pair cable
between your MFLDs and how to connect MFLDs to RS-232 equipment.
4.1 The Modem-to-Modem Line Cables and Connectors
The Multi-Function Line Driver supports data-only communication between
two RS-232 devices at distances to 12 miles (19.3 km) and data rates to 38.4
Kbps. There are two essential requirements for installing MFLDs:
1. They work in pairs; you must have one at each end of the twisted-pair
cable.
2. The Multi-Function Line Driver operates half-duplex over two wires (one
twisted pair) or full- or half-duplex over four wires (two twisted pairs). In
all applications, the twisted-pair wire must be between 19 and 26 AWG
(higher gauges might limit the distance that can be run), unconditioned,
dry, and metallic. Both shielded and unshielded cable yield favorable
results.
NOTE
The Multi-Function Line Driver can only communicate in a closed data
circuit with another Multi-Function Line Driver. It will not work with dialup
analog circuits, such as those used with standard modems. For further
information about acceptable wire grades, refer to the recommendations
in Appendix A.
For your convenience, three types of twisted-pair connectors are available
for the Multi-Function Line Driver. See Section 4.1.1 for further installation
instructions for the ME657 models, which have internal five-position terminal
blocks. Se Section 4.1.2 for further installation instructions for the ME658
models, which have female RJ-11 connectors, and the ME659 models, which
have female RJ-45 connectors.
11
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
4.1.1 MODEM-TO-MODEM CABLING FOR THE ME657 MODELS
If your application requires that you run a pair or two of bare wires between
Multi-Function Line Drivers, you must use terminal-block-type MFLDs
(ME657 models). To install the twisted-pair cabling, follow these steps:
1. Open the unit by gently inserting a screwdriver into the special pry slot
on the plastic case (shown below). Don’t worry about breaking the
plastic, but make sure you don’t insert the screwdriver more than 1⁄4"
(0.6 cm) into the enclosure, because you might damage the circuitry
inside the unit.
Once the unit is open, you will be able to see the terminal blocks at
the rear of the MFLD’s circuit board.
2. Strip the outer insulation back about an inch (2.5 cm) from the end
of the twisted-pair cable, as shown below for a four-wire cable:
12
CHAPTER 4: Installation
3. Strip the insulation on back about a quarter of an inch (0.6 cm) from
the ends of the twisted-pair wires, as shown below for a four-wire cable:
4A. Four-wire installation only: Connect one pair of wires to the two
terminal-block positions (poles) marked XMT (transmit). (In four-wire
applications, the Multi-Function Line Driver isn’t polarity-sensitive, so
you can connect either wire to either pole.) Connect the other pair of
wires to the two RCV (receive) poles. Ultimately, you will want to
construct a two-pair cable that is pinned this way:
XMT
XMT
G
RCV
RCV
-------------------------------------- RCV
-------------------------------------- RCV
------Shield (optional)
G
-------------------------------------- XMT
-------------------------------------- XMT
One Pair
One Pair
4B. Two-wire installation only: Connect one wire to the one of the two
terminal-block positions (poles) marked XMT (transmit). Connect the
other wire to the other XMT position. Note the colors of the wires
attached to each position, because in two-wire applications the MultiFunction Line driver is polarity-sensitive. When you wire the other MFLD
in Step 10, connect the other ends of the wires to the corresponding
XMT positions on the other MFLD. Ultimately, you will want to construct
a single-pair cable that is pinned this way:
XMT+ ------------------------------------- XMT+
XMT– ------------------------------------- XMT–
G
-----Shield (optional)
G
One Pair
5. If you are using shielded cable, you can connect the shield to the “G”
(ground) position in the terminal block of one of the MFLDs. Do not
connect the shield to the ground positions of both MFLDs—this leaves
the system vulnerable to damage from ground loops. Note that a ground
wire is not necessary for the MFLDs to operate properly.
13
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
6. When you finish connecting the wires to the terminal block, the assembly
should look something like this (four-wire installation shown):
XMT G RCV
7. Place the two halves of the strain-relief assembly on either side of the
twisted-pair cable and press them together very lightly. Slide the assembly
so that is is about 2" (5.1 cm) from the terminal posts and press the
halves together firmly, as shown below for a four-wire installation:
XMT G RCV
If the diameter of the cable you’re using is too large or too small to fit
the assembly, call Black Box for technical support; they can give you
special quotes for strain assemblies that accomodate most cable
diameters.
14
CHAPTER 4: Installation
8. Insert the strain-relief assembly with the wire going through it into the
slot in the bottom of the modem case, and set it into the recess of the
case, as shown below for a four-wire installation:
XMT G RCV
9. Bend the top half of the MFLD’s enclosure as necessary to place it over
the strain-relief assembly, as shown below, but do not snap the case
together yet:
10. Insert one of the MFLD’s attached captive screws through its matching
saddle washer, then insert the screw and washer through the hole in the
DB25 end of the MFLD’s case. Snap that side of the case closed. Repeat
the process for the other side of the case.
11. Repeat Steps 1 through 10 for the other Multi-Function Line Driver.
Two-wire installations only: Make sure to attach the wires to the same
XMT poles on the second MFLD as on the first MFLD.
This completes the twisted-pair cable installation.
15
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
4.1.2 MODEM-TO-MODEM CABLING FOR THE ME658 AND ME659 MODELS
If your application requires that you run cables with RJ-11 or RJ-45 connectors
between Multi-Function Line Drivers, you must use RJ-11-type (ME658
models) or RJ-45-type (ME659 models) MFLDs respectively. The modem-tomodem cable must be specially cross-pinned, as shown in Table 4-1 and
Figure 4-1 on the next page. If your cabling includes punchdown blocks, you
can easily do the cross-pinning at a punchdown block. If you will be running
cable directly between two Multi-Function Line Drivers, you can get a custom
cable from Black Box as a special quote, or you can use regular straightthrough-pinned cable and repin one of the RJ connectors (that is, rearrange
the wiring connections between the terminal block and the actual contacts).
You might need special crimping tools or new connectors; call Black Box for
these items, or for technical support if you have difficulty.
16
CHAPTER 4: Installation
Table 4-1. Line-Cable Pinouts
RJ-11 (Four-Wire)
SIGNAL
PIN#
COLOR*
COLOR*
GND**
RCV†
XMT
XMT
RCV
GND**
1
2
3
4
5
6
Blue..................................................White
Yellow ..............................................Red
Green...............................................Black
Red ..................................................Yellow
Black ................................................Green
White................................................Blue
SIGNAL
PIN#
COLOR*
GND**
RCV†
XMT
XMT
RCV
GND**
2
3
4
5
6
7
Orange.............................................Brown
Black ................................................Green
Red ..................................................Yellow
Green...............................................Black
Yellow ..............................................Red
Brown...............................................Orange
SIGNAL
PIN#
COLOR*
XMT+
XMT–
3
4
Green...............................................Green
Red ..................................................Red
SIGNAL
PIN#
COLOR*
XMT+
XMT–
4
5
Red ..................................................Red
Green...............................................Green
PIN#
SIGNAL
6
4
5
2
3
1
GND**
XMT
RCV
RCV
XMT
GND**
PIN#
SIGNAL
7
5
6
3
4
2
GND**
XMT
RCV
RCV
XMT
GND**
PIN#
SIGNAL
3
4
XMT+
XMT–
PIN#
SIGNAL
4
5
XMT+
XMT–
RJ-45 (Four-Wire)
COLOR*
RJ-11 (Two-Wire)
COLOR*
RJ-45 (Two-Wire)
COLOR*
*Standard color codes—wire colors in your cable might be different
**Connection to ground is optional
†The Multi-Function Line Driver is not sensitive to polarity in four-wire applications
1 – Blue
2 – Yellow
3 – Green
4 – Red
5 – Black
6 – White
1 – Blue
2 – Orange
3 – Black
4 – Red
5 – Green
6 – Yellow
7 – Brown
8 – Slate
Figure 4-1. AT&T® standard modular color codes.
17
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
4.2 RS-232 Serial Connections
The Multi-Function Line Driver’s RS-232 port is a standard DB25 connector
(pinout shown in Table 4-2 below). See Section 4.2.1 if you want to connect
the MFLD to a DTE (PC or printer) device. See Section 4.2.2 if you want to
connect the MFLD to a DCE (modem) device.
Table 4-2. Pinout of the RS-232 Interface
DIRECTION
STANDARD RS-232/V.24 DCE PINNING
From MFLD
Transmit Clock DCE (TCC) 15
From MFLD
To MFLD
Receive Clock DCE (RCC) 17
Local Loopback (LL) 18
To MFLD
To MFLD
To MFLD
From MFLD
Data Terminal Ready (DTR) 20
Remote Loopback (RL) 21
1 Protective Ground (PGND)
2 Transmit Data (TD)
3 Receive Data (RD)
4 Request to Send (RTS)
5 Clear to Send (CTS)
6 Data Set Ready (DSR)
7 Signal Ground (SGND)
8 Carrier Detect (CD)
9 +DCV
DIRECTION
To MFLD
From MFLD
To MFLD
From MFLD
From MFLD
From MFLD
To MFLD
Transmit Clock DTE (TCT) 24
Test Mode (TM) 25
4.2.1 CONNECTING THE MFLD TO A DTE DEVICE
This is the normal application for the Multi-Function Line Driver, which is
wired as a DCE. Because the MFLD is interface-powered, the best way to
connect it to a DTE (PC , printer, terminal, etc.) is to plug it right into the
DTE’s DB25 male RS-232 port. (After doing so, remember to insert and
tighten the MFLD’s two captive connector screws.) If the DTE has a DB9 male
serial port, use a DB9-female-to-DB25-male adapter (our product code
FA520). If you must use a cable to connect the MFLD to a DTE, make sure
that the cable is pinned straight through and that it is as short as possible (we
recommend 6 ft. [1.8 m] or less).
18
CHAPTER 4: Installation
4.2.2 CONNECTING THE MFLD TO A DCE DEVICE
Because the Multi-Function Line Driver is wired as a DCE device, you can’t
plug it directly into another DCE (modem, multiplexor, etc.) device. If you
must make such a connection, use a null-modem cable pinned according to
Table 4-3 below. Because the MFLD is interface-powered, this cable should
be as short as possible (we recommend 6 ft. [1.8 m] or less).
NOTE
When you connect the Multi-Function Line Driver to another DCE device,
you should configure the MFLD for the “external” clock source (see the
entry for SW1 Positions 5 and 6 in Section 3.2).
Table 4-3. Pinout for a Null-Modem Cable
Conecting the MFLD to Another DCE
MFLD End:
DB25 Male
Pin No.
DCE End:
DB25 Male
Pin No.
1 -------------------------------------------------1
2 -------------------------------------------------3
3 -------------------------------------------------2
4 -------------------------------------------------8
6------------------------------------------------20
7 -------------------------------------------------7
8 -------------------------------------------------4
17-----------------------------------------------24
20------------------------------------------------6
24-----------------------------------------------17
19
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
5. Operation and Diagnostics
Once you have configured each Multi-Function Line Driver and connected
the cables, you are ready to operate the units. They should operate
transparently, as if there were a standard cable connection between the two
destination devices.
The MFLD has no “ON/OFF” switch, because it draws its operating power
from the data and control signals it receives. For this reason, the MFLD will
power up as soon as it is connected to a powered device, and it will power
down as soon as the device is powered down or the MFLD is disconnected
from that device.
The rest of this chapter describes the MFLD’s top-panel LEDs and switches
and how to perform diagnostic testing.
5.1 Status LEDs
The Multi-Function Line Driver has two top-panel status LEDs (shown in
Figure 5-1 below) that light during testing.
BERT
LOOP
511/E
RDL
NORMAL
511
LAL
Figure 5-1. The MFLD’s top panel.
20
CHAPTER 5: Operation and Diagnostics
5.1.1 THE TEST INDICATOR
The green Test LED is the LED closer to the LOOP switch. It lights to
indicate that V.52 or V.54 tests are running.
5.1.2 THE ERROR INDICATOR
The red Error LED is the LED closer to the BERT switch. While the MFLD
is in test mode (the Test LED is lit), the Error LED glows red when bit errors
occur.
5.2 Test Switches
The Multi-Function Line Driver has two top-panel slide switches (shown in
Figure 5-1 on the previous page). During normal operation, these switches
should be in the center (“NORMAL”) position. You can move them to
different positions to trigger various tests (see Section 5.3).
5.3 V.54 and V.52 Diagnostic Tests
The Multi-Function Line Driver offers two V.54 test modes and two V.52 test
modes to evaluate the condition of the MFLDs and the communication link.
Both sets of tests can be activated physically from the top panel. The V.54 test
can also be activated from the RS-232 interface.
NOTE
V.54 and V.52 test modes on the Multi-Function Line Driver are available
for four-wire applications only.
21
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
5.3.1 LOCAL ANALOG LOOPBACK (LAL)
The Local Analog Loopback (LAL) test checks the operation of the local
Multi-Function Line Driver, and is performed separately on each unit. Any
data sent to the local Multi-Function Line Driver in this test mode will be
echoed back (returned) to the user device. For example, characters typed on
the keyboard of a terminal will appear on the terminal’s screen. To perform
an LAL test, follow these steps:
1. Activate LAL. You can do this in either of two ways. One is to move the
right-hand top-panel slide switch labeled “LOOP” to the “LAL” (down)
position. The other is to raise the signal on Pin 18 of the RS-232
interface (switch SW2 position 8 must be “Off”—see Section 3.3). Once
LAL is activated, the MFLD’s transmit output is connected to its own
receiver. The Test LED should light.
2. Verify that the attached DTE is operating properly and can be used for
a test.
3. Move the left-hand top-panel slide switch labeled “BERT” to the “511”
(down) position. This will activate the V.52 BERT test mode and inject a
511 test pattern into the local loop. If any errors are present in the loop,
the Error LED will blink sporadically.
4. If the BERT test indicates no errors are present, move the “BERT” switch
to the “up” position to activate the “511/E” test with periodic errors. If
this test is working properly, the Error LED will blink regularly. A
successful 511/E test will confirm that the loop is in place, and that the
Multi-Function Line Driver’s built-in 511 generator and detector are
working properly.
5. If the BERT test indicates that errors are present, make sure that the
Multi-Function Line Driver is plugged into the DTE properly. (If the
MFLD is connected to a DTE across RS-232 cable, make sure the cable is
pinned straight through, is properly plugged in on both ends, and is not
longer than 6 ft. [1.8 m]. If the MFLD is connected to a DCE, make sure
that the connecting cable is properly cross-pinned according to Table 4-3
on page 19, is properly plugged in on both ends, and is not longer than
6 ft. [1.8 m].) Also, make sure that the MFLD is configured properly.
Then recheck your DTE equipment. If you still get errors and can’t find
the cause, call Black Box for technical support (see Section 6.1).
22
CHAPTER 5: Operation and Diagnostics
5.3.2 REMOTE DIGITAL LOOPBACK (RDL)
The Remote Digital Loopback (RDL) test checks the performance of both the
local and remote Multi-Function Line Drivers, and the communication link
between them. Any characters sent to the remote MFLD in this test mode will
be echoed (returned) back to the originating device. For example, characters
typed on the keyboard of the local terminal will appear on the local terminal’s
screen after having been passed to the remote Multi-Function Line Driver and
looped back. To perform an RDL test, follow these steps:
1. Activate RDL. You can do this in either of two ways. One is to move the
right-hand front-panel slide switch labeled “LOOP” to the “RDL” (up)
position. The other is to raise the signal on Pin 21 of the RS-232
interface (switch SW2 position 8 must be “Off”—see Section 3.3). Once
RDL is activated, the remote MFLD’s receive input is connected to its
own transmitter. The Test LED should light on both MFLDs.
2. Verify that the DTE attached to the local MFLD is operating properly
and can be used for a test.
3. Move the left-hand top-panel slide switch labeled “BERT” to the “511”
(down) position. This will activate the V.52 BERT test mode and inject a
511 test pattern into the local loop. If any errors are present in the loop,
the Error LED will blink sporadically.
4. If the BERT test indicates no errors are present, move the “BERT” switch
to the “up” position to activate the “511/E” test with periodic errors. If
this test is working properly, the Error LED will blink regularly. A
successful 511/E test will confirm that the loop is in place, and that the
Multi-Function Line Driver’s built-in 511 generator and detector are
working properly.
5. If the remote BERT test indicates that errors are present, but the local
analog loopback BERT tests showed that both Multi-Function Line
Drivers were functioning properly, there is probably a problem with the
twisted-pair communication line connecting the two modems. A
common problem is improper crossing of the pairs. Also, check the
cable’s pinning (see Table 4-1 on page 17) and continuity. If you still get
errors and can’t find the cause, call Black Box for technical support (see
Section 6.1).
23
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
5.3.3 USING THE V.52 BERT TEST INDEPENDENTLY
The Multi-Function Line Driver can perform its V.52 BERT test independently
of the V.54 loopback tests. This requires two operators: one to initiate and
monitor the test at the local MFLD, and one to do the same at the remote
MFLD. To use the V.52 BERT test by itself, both operators should
simultaneously follow these steps:
1. Move the left-hand top-panel slide switch labeled “BERT” to the “511”
(down) position. This will activate the V.52 BERT test mode and transmit
a 511 test pattern to the other unit. If any errors are present, the
receiving modem’s Error LED will blink sporadically.
NOTE
For this independent test to work properly, the “BERT” switch on both
Multi-Function Line Drivers must be set the same way (that is, moved to
the “511” position for this step and to the “511/E” position for the next
step).
2. If the BERT test indicates no errors are present, move the “BERT” switch
to the “up” position to activate the “511/E” test with periodic errors. If
this test is working properly, the receiving modem’s Error LED will blink
regularly. A successful 511/E test will confirm that the link is in place, and
that the Multi-Function Line Drivers’ built-in 511 generators and
detectors are working properly.
24
CHAPTER 6: Troubleshooting
6. Troubleshooting
6.1 Calling Black Box
If you determine that your Multi-Function Line Driver is malfunctioning,
do not attempt to alter or repair it. Contact Black Box. The problem might be
solvable over the phone.
Before you do, make a record of the history of the problem. Black Box
will be able to provide more efficient and accurate assistance if you have a
complete description, including:
• The nature and duration of the problem.
• When the problem occurs.
• The components involved in the problem.
• Any particular application that, when used, appears to create the problem
or make it worse.
6.2 Shipping and Packaging
If you need to transport or ship your Multi-Function Line Driver:
• Package it carefully. We recommend that you use the original container.
• Before you ship a unit for repair or return, contact Black Box to get a
Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number, and make sure you
include everything you received with the unit when you ship it.
25
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
Appendix A: Cable Recommendations
The Multi-Function Line Driver has been performance-tested using twistedpair cable with these characteristics:
Wire Gauge
Capacitance
Resistance
19 AWG
22 AWG
24 AWG
26 AWG
83 nf/mi. or 15.72 pf/ft.*
83 nf/mi. or 15.72 pf/ft.*
83 nf/mi. or 15.72 pf/ft.*
83 nf/mi. or 15.72 pf/ft.*
16.3 Ω/1000 ft. (53.5 Ω/km)
32.6 Ω/1000 ft. (107 Ω/km)
51.65 Ω/1000 ft. (169.5 Ω/km)
82.35 Ω/1000 ft. (270.2 Ω/km)
*Alternatively, 51.6 nf/km or 51.6 pf/m
If you use the Multi-Function LD MFLD with a different type of twisted-pair
cable, make sure that the cable has characteristics similar to, or better than,
those listed above (for example, lower capacitance or lower resistance).
Bench tests yield the following data-rate/maximum-distance results:
Data Rate
in bps
38,400
19 AWG
6 (9.7)
Maximum Distance in miles (km)
24 AWG
26 AWG
3.5 (5.6)
2 (3.2)
19,200
9 (14.5)
5 (8)
3 (4.8)
9600
10 (16.1)
6 (9.7)
4 (6.4)
4800
11 (17.7)
7 (11.3)
5 (8)
1200
12 (19.3)
8 (12.9)
6 (9.7)
Many environmental factors can affect the maximum distances obtainable at a particular
site. Use this table as a general guideline only.
26
APPENDIX A: Cable Recommendations
To gain optimum performance from the Multi-Function Line Driver, please
keep these guidelines in mind:
• Always use twisted-pair cable—this is not an option.
• Use twisted-pair cable with a capacitance of 20 pf/ft. (65.6 pf/m) or less.
• Avoid twisted-pair cable thinner than 26 AWG (that is, avoid higher AWG
numbers than 26).
• Using twisted-pair cable with a resistance greater than that listed at the
beginning of this appendix might reduce the maximum distance you can
run the cable, but should not otherwise affect your system.
27
MULTI-FUNCTION LINE DRIVER
Appendix B: Block Diagram
28
© Copyright 1995. Black Box Corporation. All rights reserved.
1000 Park Drive • Lawrence, PA 15055-1018 • 724-746-5500 • Fax 724-746-0746
Download PDF