Drolet | ULC S627 | Owner`s manual | Drolet ULC S627 Owner`s manual

OWNER`S MANUAL
DROLET NG1800 WOODSTOVES:
AUSTRAL, BALTIC, LEGEND AND MYRIAD
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY PHASE II CERTIFIED
WOODSTOVES
Verified and/or tested following
ULC S627 and UL 1482 Standards by:
Manufactured by: STOVE BUILDER INTERNATIONAL INC.
250, de Copenhague, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures (Québec) G3A 2H3
Tel: (418) 878-3040 Fax: (418) 878-3001
www.drolet.ca
This manual is available for free download on the manufacturer’s web site. It is a
copyrighted document. Re-sale is strictly prohibited. The manufacturer may update this
manual from time to time and cannot be responsible for problems, injuries, or damages
arising out of the use of information contained in any manual obtained from unauthorized
sources.
READ AND KEEP THIS MANUAL FOR REFERENCE
Printed in Canada
45063A
24-08-2011
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 3
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................ 4
TIPS ON WOOD HEATING ....................................................................................................... 6
ASSEMBLY................................................................................................................................ 7
BALTIC ..................................................................................................................................... 7
AUSTRAL, LEGEND AND MYRIAD ......................................................................................... 8
DOOR ADJUSTMENT .............................................................................................................. 9
INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................................... 10
POSITIONING THE STOVE ................................................................................................... 10
CLEARANCES TO COMBUSTIBLES AND FLOOR PROTECTOR ....................................... 11
Floor protector ......................................................................................................................... 13
Reduced clearances using shielding ....................................................................................... 13
CHIMNEY................................................................................................................................ 18
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR........................................................................................................ 19
DRAFT .................................................................................................................................... 21
TYPICAL INSTALLATIONS .................................................................................................... 22
OUTSIDE COMBUSTION AIR ................................................................................................ 26
WOODSTOVE UTILISATION .................................................................................................. 27
TESTING YOUR WOOD......................................................................................................... 28
THE FIRST FIRES .................................................................................................................. 28
IGNITION ................................................................................................................................ 28
HEATING ................................................................................................................................ 29
RELOADING ........................................................................................................................... 30
CREOSOTE FORMATION AND NEED FOR REMOVAL ....................................................... 30
USE OF THE BYPASS DAMPER ........................................................................................... 31
ASH DISPOSAL ...................................................................................................................... 32
FAN (BLOWER) OPERATION ................................................................................................ 32
MAINTENANCE ....................................................................................................................... 33
GLASS .................................................................................................................................... 33
GASKETING ........................................................................................................................... 33
PAINT ..................................................................................................................................... 34
CHIMNEY................................................................................................................................ 34
BRICK LAYOUT ...................................................................................................................... 35
DROLE LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY ........................................................................... 36
REGISTER YOU WARRANTY ONLINE
To receive full warranty coverage, you will need to
show evidence of the date you purchased your
stove. Keep your sales invoice. We also
recommend that you register your warranty online
at www.drolet.ca
Registering your warranty online will help us track
rapidly the information we need on your stove.
2
INTRODUCTION
SBI INC., one of the most important wood stove and fireplace manufacturers in Canada,
congratulates you on your purchase and wishes to help you get maximum satisfaction from your
wood stove. In the pages that follow, we will give you advice on wood heating and controlled
combustion as well as technical specifications regarding installation, operation and maintenance
of the model you have chosen.
The instructions pertaining to the installation of your wood stove comply with ULC-S627 and UL1482 standards.
Read this entire manual before you install and use your new stove. If this stove is not
properly installed, a house fire may result. To reduce the risk of fire, follow the
installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions may result in property damage,
bodily injury, or even death.
Consult your municipal building department or fire officials about restrictions and
installations requirements in your area and the need to obtain a permit.
Keep this instruction manual for future references.
CAUTIONS:
• HOT WHILE IN OPERATION.
SKIN BURNS.
KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY. CONTACT MAY CAUSE
•
DO NOT USE CHEMICALS OR FLUIDS TO IGNITE THE FIRE.
•
DO NOT LEAVE THE STOVE UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED.
•
DO NOT BURN WASTES, FLAMMABLE FLUID SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA OR MOTOR OIL.
•
DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
•
ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR AFTER THE IGNITION. LEAVING DOOR OPEN CAN CAUSE SMOKE SPILLAGE
AND FLAMES TO COME OUT OF THE STOVE AND CREATE DANGEROUS SITUATIONS.
• IT IS ALWAYS RECOMMENDED TO INSTALL STRATEGICALLY PLACED SMOKE DETECTORS AND TO HAVE A
FIRE EXTINGUISHER IN A CONVENIENT LOCATION. MAKE SURE THAT THEY ARE NOT INFLUENCED BY
SMALL AND NORMAL WISPS OF SMOKE THAT CAN COME OUT OF THE STOVE AT THE IGNITION OR
REFUELING BUT CLOSE ENOUGH TO PROVIDE SAFETY.
3
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Wood
500 to 2 100 ft2
2
(46 to 195 m )
Combustible:
Recommended Surface
Heating Capacity* :
E.P.A :
Seasoned cordwood:
Optimum efficiency :
Emissions:
Colors :
Flue Pipe Diameter :
Chimney type :
Minimum Chimney Height :
Maximum Log Length :
Dimensions
Overall:
Baltic:
Myriad:
Austral:
Legend:
Combustion Chamber :
Baltic, Myriad, Austral, (Legend):
Volume:
Door Opening:
All Models:
Pyroceram Glass Door :
All Models:
Weight:
OPTIONS
Thermodisc
Outside air intake kit
Austral:
Baltic:
Legend:
Myriad:
30 800 BTU/h
(9.02 kW)
85 000 BTU/h
(24.91kW)
75 %
5.7 g/h
Flat Black
6’’ (152 mm)
2 100°F (650 °C)
12’ (3,66 m)
19 1/2’’ (495 mm)
WxDxH
23 3/4 x 35 x 31 1/4 "
(603 x 889 x 794 mm)
23 3/4 x 34 x 31 3/8 "
(603 x 864 x 797 mm)
23 3/4 x 34 x 30 3/8 "
(603 x 864 x 772 mm)
23 3/4 x 35 x 30 1/4 "
(603 x 889 x 768 mm)
WxD
18 1/2 x 21 1/4 ", (18 1/2 x 20 1/4 ")
(470 x 540 mm), (470 x 514 mm)
3.279 ft3 (0,092 m3), (3.373 ft3 (0,095 m3))
WxH
15 1/2 x 10 3/4 "
(394 x 273 mm)
WxH
15 3/16 ’’ x 11 1/4 ’’
(386 x 286 mm)
342 lbs (116 Kg)
388 lbs (188 Kg)
383 lbs (188 Kg)
381 lbs (188 Kg)
PART NUMBER
All Models: AC05530
All Models: AC02080
4
*Why is the BTU indicated on the EPA label smaller than the one advertised?
You will notice a difference between the BTU output as indicated on the unit’s white EPA label affixed to the glass
and the BTU as advertised on our web site and/or product literature. The maximum BTU output we advertise for this
unit is what will be obtained with a full load of seasoned cordwood inserted inside the firebox. The EPA output, on
the other hand, is what has been obtained during emissions testing. The EPA test procedure requires that a special
type of wood be used and positioned inside the firebox in a manner that does not represent the way the firebox
volume would normally be utilized using seasoned cordwood. The EPA test load is typically much smaller. Hence,
the BTU as per the EPA label is reduced. The BTU output that should be considered by a normal user is the one we
advertise for seasoned cordwood.
5
TIPS ON WOOD HEATING
Wood is a renewable energy. It is also a very clean heat source when used with
appliances that are certified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a
standard accepted in Canada as well.
EPA-certified wood stoves are different than conventional wood stoves. Burning with an EPAcertified wood stove may therefore require that you modify some of your heating habits. To get
the most satisfaction out of your new wood-heating system, please make sure you go through
the following check list.
 The chimney is the engine that drives the wood-heating system. Use a chimney that is
UL-listed, with an inner diameter to match the stove’s outlet collar (6” for all Drolet wood
stoves);
 Try to run the chimney inside the building for as much length as you can. A tall and warm
chimney will produce a good draft;
 Try to install your chimney straight up and avoid 90 degree turns in the flue pipe and
offsets in the chimney;
 Make sure that the chimney is tall enough and its top is clear of obstacles so it can
produce a stable draft;
 Use a chimney thermometer installed at a distance of approximately 18 inches on the
flue pipe above the stove. Flue gases should reach at least 350 °F before you close the
stove’s primary air intake completely. Operate your unit within the comfort zone indicated
on the thermometer;
 To reduce the risk of smoke spillage into the room upon reloading your stove, leave the
primary air intake completely open for a few minutes. This will heat up the chimney and
build up draft before you open the stove door;
 Maximize hot air circulation! Our wood stoves are designed to easily receive a variable
speed blower that will improve heat distribution in front of the stove;
 Remember that wood stoves produce radiant heat. Since heat rises, the use of floor traps
will greatly improve the heat transfer to rooms upstairs;
 Use a mobile home approved stove if you are going to install your wood-heating system
in a mobile home. A fresh air kit must be connected to the stove. Never install your wood
stove in a bedroom;
 Burn only dry cordwood;
 Make sure you have a good bed of red coals before you load your stove with logs
exceeding 3 inches in diameter;
 Read and keep you owner’s manual. It will provide you with tips on how to run a
successful wood-heating system.
6
ASSEMBLY
BALTIC
Pedestal Base Installation:
1. Slide the front part of the pedestal
base around the pedestal and fix
the rear part with the two supplied
screws.
2. Slide the ash pan in position.
Side Panels and Ash Lip Installation:
3. Start by fixing the front part of the
decorative side in the two clips
welded on the sides of the fire box.
4. Then, fix the back of the decorative
side with two screws and washers
supplied. Line up the decorative
side parallel to the side of the
appliance.
7
AUSTRAL, LEGEND AND MYRIAD
Ash Pan Installation:
8
DOOR ADJUSTMENT
In order for your stove to operate properly, the door should be adjusted periodically to provide
an air tight fit. To adjust:
• Remove the lock pin (spring pin) by pulling and turning it using pliers ("wise grip")
• Turn the handle counter clock wise one turn to increase pressure
• Re-install the lock pin (spring pin) with a small hammer
Figure 1: Door Adjustment
9
INSTALLATION
SAFETY NOTICE
• IF
THIS STOVE IS NOT PROPERLY INSTALLED, A HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT. TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE, FOLLOW THE INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS. FAILURE TO FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN
PROPERTY DAMAGE, BODILY INJURY, OR EVEN DEATH.
• CONSULT
YOUR MUNICIPAL BUILDING DEPARTMENT OR FIRE OFFICIALS ABOUT RESTRICTIONS AND
INSTALLATIONS REQUIREMENTS IN YOUR AREA.
•
HAVE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER IN A CONVENIENT LOCATION AND USE SMOKE DETECTORS IN THE ROOM
WHERE YOUR STOVE IS INSTALLED. THEY CAN SOMETIMES BE ACTIVATED BY SMALL AND NORMAL
WISPS OF SMOKE THAT CAN COME OUT OF THE STOVE AT THE IGNITION OR REFUELING. FOR THIS
REASON DO NOT PUT THEM DIRECTLY OVER THE UNIT OR WITHIN ONLY A FEW FEET FROM THE STOVE.
• KEEP FURNITURE AND DRAPES WELL AWAY FROM THE STOVE.
• NEVER USE GASOLINE, GASOLINE-TYPE LANTERN FUEL, KEROSENE, CHARCOAL LIGHTER FLUID, OR
SIMILAR LIQUIDS TO START OR "FRESHEN UP" A FIRE. KEEP ALL SUCH LIQUIDS WELL AWAY FROM THE
STOVE.
• IN THE EVENT OF A CHIMNEY FIRE, PUSH THE AIR CONTROL FULL CLOSED TO DEPRIVE THE FIRE OF
OXYGEN. CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
• DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
• A SOURCE OF FRESH AIR INTO THE ROOM OR SPACE HEATED SHALL BE PROVIDED WHEN REQUIRED.
• DO NOT USE COMPONENTS OTHER THAN THOSE SPECIFIED IN THIS MANUAL.
POSITIONING THE STOVE
It is very important to position the wood stove as close as possible to the chimney, and in an
area that will favor the most efficient heat distribution possible throughout the house. The stove
must therefore be installed in the room where the most time is spent, and in the most spacious
room possible. Recall that wood stoves produce radiating heat, the heat we feel when we are
close to a wood stove. A wood stove also functions by convection, which is through the
displacement of hot air accelerated upwards and its replacement with cooler air. If necessary,
the hot air distribution from the stove may be facilitated by the installation of a blower.
The wood stove must not be hooked up to a hot air distribution system since an
excessive accumulation of heat may occur.
A wood stove must never be installed in a hallway or near a staircase, since it may block
the way in case of fire or fall to respect required clearances.
10
CLEARANCES TO COMBUSTIBLES AND FLOOR PROTECTOR
To install your appliance correctly, it is extremely important to respect all clearances to any
combustibles as indicated on your stove’s certification label.
Clearances to combustible materials
(see figure 1.3 to match each letter to a clearance)
CLEARANCES (SINGLE WALL PIPE)
CANADA / USA
MODEL
Austral
Baltic
Legend
Myriad
A
15’’/7’’
(381/178
mm)
15’’/6’’
(381/152
mm)
15’’/6’’
(381/155
mm)
15’’/7’’
(381/178
mm)
B
23’’
(584 mm)
C
16’’
(406 mm)
12’’
(305 mm)
9’’
(229 mm)
12’’
(305 mm)
9’’
(229 mm)
23’’
(584 mm)
16’’
(406 mm)
D
18’’/11’’
(457/279
mm)
18’’/10’’
(457/254
mm)
18’’/10’’
(457/254
mm)
18’’/11’’
(457/279
mm)
E
32’’
(813 mm)
F
25’’
(635 mm)
K
48’’
(1220 mm)
L
84’’
(213 cm)
21’’
(533 mm)
18’’
(457mm)
48’’
(1220 mm)
84’’
(213 cm)
21’’
(533 mm)
18’’
(457 mm)
48’’
(1220 mm)
84’’
(213 cm)
32’’
(813 mm)
25’’
(635 mm)
48’’
(1220 mm)
84’’
(213 cm)
K
48’’
(1220 mm)
48’’
(1220 mm)
48’’
(1220 mm)
48’’
(1220 mm)
L
84’’
(213 cm)
84’’
(213 cm)
84’’
(213 cm)
84’’
(213 cm)
CLEARANCES (DOUBLE WALL PIPE)
CANADA / USA
MODEL
Austral
Baltic
Legend
Myriad
A
6’’
(152 mm)
6’’
(152 mm)
6’’
(152 mm)
6’’
(152 mm)
B
24’’
(610 mm)
12’’
(305 mm)
12’’
(305 mm)
24’’
(610 mm)
C
17’’
(432 mm)
9’’
(229 mm)
9’’
(229 mm)
17’’
(432 mm)
D
10’’
(254 mm)
10’’
(254 mm)
10’’
(254 mm)
10’’
(254 mm)
E
33’’
(838 mm)
21’’
(533 mm)
21’’
(533 mm)
33’’
(838 mm)
F
26’’
(660 mm)
18’’
(457 mm)
18’’
(457 mm)
26’’
(665 mm)
11
FIGURE 1.3 Clearances to combustible materials and floor protection
12
FLOOR PROTECTOR
If the stove is to be installed on top of a combustible floor, it must be guarded by a non
combustible material as shown on figure 1.3 (see the dotted line area).
FLOOR PROTECTOR*
G
H
I
J
M
N
CANADA
8’’ (203 mm) – Note 1
8’’ (203 mm)
18’’ (457 mm)
From door opening
N/A (USA only)
8’’ (203 mm)
N/A (USA only)
USA
N/A (Canada only)
N/A (Canada only)
16’’ (406 mm)
From door opening
8’’ (203 mm)
N/A (Canada only)
Note 2
*Steel with a minimum thickness of 0.015’’ (0.38 mm) or ceramic tiles sealed together with
grout. No protection is required if the unit is installed on a non-combustible floor (ex:
concrete).
Note 1 : The floor protection at the back of the stove is limited to the stove’s required
clearance if such clearance is smaller than 8 inches (203 mm).
Note 2 : Only required under the horizontal section of the connector. Must exceed each
side of the connector by at least 2 inches (51 mm).
REDUCED CLEARANCES USING SHIELDING
You may decrease the clearances by installing heat radiation shields between the walls or the
ceiling and the stove. These heat radiation shields must be installed permanently, and can
include sheet metal, a rigid non-combustible sheet or a masonry wall.
Clearances of not less than 1" (25 mm) and not more than 3" (76 mm) between the bottom of
the shield and the floor and not less than 3" (76 mm) between the top of the shield and the
ceiling must be respected to allow vertical air circulation behind the shield. The shield must
extend 20" (500 mm) above the stove top and 18" (450mm) to each side of the stove (see
graphic 1).
13
Following the installation of such a heat radiation shield, the clearances mentioned on the stove
certification plate may be reduced as stated in the following table.
TYPE OF PROTECTION
Reducing Clearances
With Shielding
Sides and
Rear/Back
Top
Sheet metal, a minimum of 0,024" (0,61mm) spaced out
at least 1" (25mm) by non-combustible spacers
(see graphic 2).
67%
50%
Ceramic tiles, or an equivalent non-combustible material
on fire-proof supports spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by
non-combustible spacers (see graphic 3).
50%
33%
Ceramic tiles, or an equivalent non-combustible material
on fire-proof supports with a minimum of 0,024" (0,61
mm) sheet metal backing spaced out at least 1" (25 mm)
by non-combustible spacers (see graphic 4)
67%
50%
Brick spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by non-combustible
spacers (see graphic 5)
50%
N/A
Brick with a minimum of 0,024" (0,61 mm) sheet metal
backing spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by noncombustible spacers (see graphic 6).
67%
N/A
14
Graphic 1
A- Minimum clearance required between the appliance and an unshielded combustible ceiling.
B- 20 in. (500 mm) minimum;
C- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
D- Between 1 in. and 3 in. (25 mm and 75 mm);
E- 3 in.(75 mm) minimum;
F- 18 in. (457 mm) minimum.
1- Shielding;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- Ceiling protector;
4- Combustible wall;
5- Ceiling;
6- Appliance (side view);
7- Appliance (top view).
15
Graphic 2
A- 1 in.(25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- 0.024’’ (0.61mm) sheet metal.
__________________________________________________________________
Graphic 3
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- Non-combustible support;
4- Ceramic tile or non-combustible material.
__________________________________________________________________
Graphic 4
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- 0.024’’ (0.61 mm) thick sheet metal;
4- Non-combustible support;
5- Ceramic tile or non-combustible material.
16
Graphic 5
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- Brick.
__________________________________________________________________
Graphique 6
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- 0.024’’ (0.61 mm) thick sheet metal;
4- Brick.
17
CHIMNEY
Your wood stove may be hooked up with a factory built or masonry chimney. If you are using a
factory built chimney, it must comply with UL 103 or ULC S629 standards; therefore it must be a
Type HT (2100 °F). It is extremely important that it be installed according to the manufacturer's
specifications.
If you are using a masonry chimney, it is important that it be built in compliance with the
specifications of the National Building Code. It must be lined with fire clay bricks, metal or clay
tiles sealed together with fire cement. (Round flues are the most efficient).
The interior diameter of the chimney flue must be identical to the stove smoke exhaust. A flue
which is too small may cause draught problems, while a large flue favors rapid cooling of the
gas, and hence the build-up of creosote and the risk of chimney fires. Note that it is the
chimney and not the stove which creates the draught effect; your stove's performance is directly
dependent on an adequate draught from your chimney.
The following recommendations may be useful for the installation of your chimney:
1. Do not connect this unit to a chimney flue serving another appliance.
2. It must rise above the roof at least 3' (0.9 mm) from the uppermost point of contact.
3. The chimney must exceed any part of the building or other obstruction within a 10'
(3.04 m) distance by a height of 2' (0.6 m).
4. Installation of an interior chimney is always preferable to an exterior chimney. Indeed,
the interior chimney will, by definition, be hotter than an exterior chimney, being
heated up by the ambient air in the house. Therefore the gas which circulates will
cool more slowly, thus reducing the build-up of creosote and the risk of chimney fires.
5. The draught caused by the tendency for hot air to rise will be increased with an
interior chimney.
6. Using a fire screen at the extremity of the chimney requires regular inspection in order
to insure that it is not obstructed thus blocking the draught, and it should be cleaned
when necessary.
7. Follow pipe manufacturer’s instruction to maintain an effective vapour barrier where
chimney or other component penetrates to the exterior of the structure.
WARNING
CHIMNEY AND CHIMNEY CONNECTOR MUST BE GOOD CONDITION AND KEPT CLEAN.
CHIMNEY MUST BE REMOVED TO ALLOW TRANSPORTATION OF A MOBILE HOME.
18
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
Your chimney connector (commonly called stove pipe) and chimney must have the same
diameter as the stove’s exhaust outlet. The stove pipe must be made of aluminized or cold roll
steel with a minimum 24-gauge thickness (0.021" or 0.53 mm). It is strictly forbidden to use
galvanized steel.
The following recommendations may be useful for the installation of your chimney connector:
•
Your chimney connector should be assembled in such a way that the male end (crimped) faces down to
prevent creosote dripping outside the joints. Attach each of the sections to one another with three
equidistant metal screws. Also use three equidistant metal screws to attach the connector to the stove’s
exhaust collar. See Figure 2.3 (A) and Figure 2.3 (B).
•
The pipe must be short and straight. All sections installed horizontally must slope at least ¼ inch per foot,
with the upper end of the section toward the chimney. See Figure 2.3 Detail B.
•
To insure a good draft, the total horizontal length of the connector should never exceed 8' to 10' (2.4 to
3.04 m). In the case of vertical installation, the total length of the connector can be much longer and
connected without problem to the chimney at the ceiling level.
•
There should never be more than two 90 degrees elbows in the whole connector and chimney system.
Never start with a 90o elbow. Always go up vertically for at least 2 feet from the flue spigot before using a
90o elbow.
•
The connector must not pass through any combustible material, nor may it pass through a concealed
space (such as an attic, roof space, or closet). If passing through a wall, ceiling, or into a masonry chimney,
use either chimney components listed for that specific use, or means acceptable to local authorities
having jurisdiction over the installation.
•
Installation of a "barometric draft stabiliser" (fireplace register) on a connector is not recommended.
FIGURE 2.3 (A) Connecting Sections
19
FIGURE 2.3 (B) Minimum Slope
•
The assembly should be as short and direct as possible between the stove and chimney (See figure 2.4
(A)). The use of two 45 degree elbows (See figure 2.4 (C)) is often preferable to a single 90 degree elbow
(See figure 2.4 (B)) because less turbulence is created in the exhaust flow and they result in less horizontal
run.
(A)
(B)
(C)
FIGURE 2.4 The use of elbows
20
DRAFT
Your E.P.A Drolet stove’s performance will be optimised if it is installed with a chimney (flue)
system that provides an adequate draft. The draft is the force that moves air from the appliance
up through the chimney and is predominantly affected by the height and diameter of the
chimney, as well as the stack temperatures of the stove. If you test the draft using a pressure
gauge, the reading should be between .05 - .07 inches of water column (w.c.) at a medium-high
fire. A draft measure of less than .03" w.c. will cause operational difficulties while too much draft
(greater than .10" w.c.) will result in over-firing of the stove. This can result in excessive
operating temperatures. In this case, the installation of elbows totaling no more than 180° (ex.: 2
x 30° elbows, 2 x 45° elbows or 2 x 90° elbows) can be installed to help reduce excessive draft.
If the addition of elbows is not sufficient, a manual damper can be installed in the vertical flue
pipe.
21
TYPICAL INSTALLATIONS
FACTORY BUILT CHIMNEY:
RAIN CAP
ROOF FLASHING
18" CLEARANCE
RADIATION SHIELD
WALL RADIATION SHIELD
WALL SUPPORT
CEILING SUPPORT
Wall installation
Vertical installation
22
MASONRY CHIMNEY:
You can also install your stove using your existing masonry chimney. To do so, follow the
guidelines below. You may want to use a factory-built thimble, or construct your own brick
thimble. If you are using a masonry chimney, it is important that it be built in compliance with the
specifications of the Building Code in your region. It must normally be lined with fire clay bricks,
metal or clay tiles sealed together with fire cement. (Round flues are the most efficient).
Clay liner
Thimble
Clean out
door
23
FACTORY BUILT THIMBLE:
24
BRICK THIMBLE:
25
OUTSIDE COMBUSTION AIR
Your DROLET stove is approved to be installed with an outside air intake which is necessary for
a mobile home. This type of installation is also required in air tight houses and houses with
negative pressure problems. You can purchase this option through your DROLET dealer.
Make sure to specify this part number: #AC02080. Installation instructions are supplied with the
air intake kit.
Outside combustion air may be required if:
1. Your stove does not draw steadily, smoke rollout occurs, wood burns poorly, or backdrafts occur whether or not there is combustion present.
2. Existing fuel-fired equipment in the house, such as fireplaces or other heating appliances,
smell, do not operate properly, suffer smoke roll-out when opened, or back-drafts occur
whether or not there is combustion present.
3. Opening a window slightly on a calm (windless) day alleviates any of the above
symptoms.
4. The house is equipped with a well-sealed vapour barrier and tight fitting windows and/or
has any powered devices that exhaust house air.
5. There is excessive condensation on windows in the winter.
6. A ventilation system is installed in the house.
WARNINGS for use in MOBILE HOMES:
• DO NOT INSTALL IN BEDROOM.
•
THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE MOBILE HOME FLOOR, WALL, AND CEILING/ROOF MUST BE
MAINTAINED.
•
THE STOVE MUST BE ATTACHED TO THE STRUCTURE OF THE MOBILE HOME.
•
INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE WITH 24 CFR, PART 3280 (HUD).
•
USE A FACTORY BUILT CHIMNEY THAT COMPLY WITH
IT MUST BE A TYPE HT (2100 °F).
UL 103 OR ULC S629 STANDARDS; THEREFORE
26
WOODSTOVE UTILISATION
Your heating unit was designed to burn wood only; no other materials should be burnt. Wastes
and other flammable materials should not be burnt in your wood stove. Any type of wood may
be used in your stove, but specific varieties have better energy yields than others. Please
consult the following table in order to make the best possible choice.
Average Energy Yield Of One Air Dried Cord Of Cut Wood
Wood species
High energy yield
Medium energy yield
Low energy yield
Oak
Sugar Maple
Beech
Yellow birch
Ash
Elm
Larch (Tamarack)
Red Maple
Douglas red fir
Silver birch
Alder
Poplar
Hemlock
Spruce
Pine
Bass
Fir
Energy yield
(millions of BTU/cord)
29
28
26
25
24
23
23
23
23
22
18
17
17
17
17
16
13
Data provided by Energy, Mines and Resources - Canada
IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT YOU USE DRY WOOD ONLY IN YOUR WOOD
STOVE. The wood must have dried for 9 to 15 months, such as the humidity content (in weight)
is reduced below 20% of the weight of the log. It is very important to keep in mind that even if
the wood has been cut since one, two or even more years, it is not necessarily dry, if it has been
stored in poor conditions; under extreme conditions, it may even rot instead of drying. The vast
majority of the problems related to the operation of a wood stove are caused by the fact that the
wood used was too damp or had dried in poor conditions. These problems can be:
• ignition problems
• creosote build-up causing chimney fires
• low energy yield
• blackened windows
• incomplete log combustion
Smaller pieces of wood will dry faster. All logs exceeding 6" in diameter should be split. The
wood should not be stored directly on the ground. Air should circulate through the cord. A 24"
to 48" air space should be left between each row of logs, which should be placed in the sunniest
location possible. The upper layer of wood should be protected from the element but not the
sides.
27
TESTING YOUR WOOD
When the stove is thoroughly warmed, place one piece of split wood (about five inches in
diameter) parallel to the door on the bed of red embers. Keep the air control full open by pulling
on it and close the door. If ignition of the piece is accomplished within 90 seconds from the time
if was placed in the stove, your wood is correctly dried. If ignition takes longer, your wood is
damp. If your wood hisses and water or vapour escapes at the ends of the piece, your wood is
soaked or freshly cut. Do not use this wood in your stove. Large amounts of creosote could be
deposited in your chimney, creating potential conditions for a chimney fire.
THE FIRST FIRES
The fresh paint on your stove needs to be cured to preserve its quality. Once the fuel charge is
properly ignited, only burn small fires in your stove for the first four hours of operation. Never
open the air control more than necessary to achieve a medium burn rate.
Make sure that there’s enough air circulation while curing the stove. The odours could be
smelled during the 3 or 4 first fires. Never start your stove outside. You will not be able to see if
you are over heating. The smoke resulting from the paint curing process is not toxic.
IGNITION
After making sure that the stove air intake controls are fully open (completely pull-out towards
you), place several rumpled sheets of paper in the centre of the combustion chamber. Place 8
to 10 pieces of small dry kindling wood over the paper in the form of a tent. You may also place
a few pieces of heating wood, but choose the smaller ones. No chemical product should be
used to light the fire.
Before igniting the paper and kindling wood, it is recommended that you warm up the chimney.
This is done in order to avoid back draft problems often due to negative pressure in the house.
If such is the case, open a window slightly near the stove and twist together a few sheets of
newspaper into a torch. Light up this paper torch and hold it as close as possible to the mouth
of the pipe inside the combustion chamber to warm up the chimney. Once the updraft
movement is initiated, you are ready to ignite the stove by lighting the paper and kindling wood
inside the combustion chamber.
We therefore advise you to leave the door slightly opened (1/4") for a 10 to 30 minutes period,
under supervision, in order to allow for good combustion. After this time, you must close the
door and progressively adjust the air control to obtain the desired temperature.
28
HEATING
Controlled combustion is the most efficient technique for wood heating because it enables you
to select the type of combustion you want for each given situation. The wood will burn slowly if
the wood stove air intake control is adjusted to reduce the oxygen supply in the combustion
chamber to a minimum. On the other hand, wood will burn quickly if the air control is adjusted
to admit a larger quantity of oxygen in the combustion chamber. The air intake control on your
stove is very simple. If you pull on it out completely towards you, it is fully open. If you push on
it until it stops the combustion air is reduced to a minimum.
Your DROLET stove burnt between .954 kg\h and 2.556 kg\h. of wood during EPA testing. Real
operating conditions may give very different results than those obtained in the lab according to
the species of wood used, its moisture content, the size and density of the pieces, the length of
the chimney, altitude and outside temperature.
WARNINGS
• NEVER
OVERFIRE YOUR STOVE. IF ANY PART OF THE STOVE STARTS TO GLOW RED, OVER FIRING IS
HAPPENING. READJUST THE AIR INTAKE CONTROL AT A LOWER SETTING.
• THE INSTALLATION OF A LOG CRADLE IS NOT RECOMMENDED IN YOUR DROLET WOOD STOVE.
• NEVER PUT WOOD ABOVE THE FIREBRICK LINING OF THE FIREBOX.
• NEVER STORE WOOD WITHIN STOVE INSTALLATION CLEARANCES OR WITHIN THE SPACE REQUIRED FOR
CHARGING AND ASH REMOVAL.
• DO NOT BUILD THE FIRE TOO CLOSE TO THE GLASS.
• BURNING SOLID FUELS GENERATES CARBON MONOXIDE IN LOW CONCENTRATION. THIS GAS IS
EVACUATED IN THE FLUE SYSTEM. IN HIGHER CONCENTRATIONS, CARBON MONOXIDE IS TOXIC AND MAY
CAUSE DEATH. TO PREVENT THIS, ENSURE THAT YOUR FLUE SYSTEM IS GASTIGHT.
• BURN WOOD ONLY IN THIS STOVE. SOME OTHER FUELS MAY BE HIGHLY VOLATILE, WHICH MAY CAUSE
MORE EMBERS TO ENTER THE EXHAUST VENTING SYSTEM CAUSING A HAZARDOUS SITUATION. OTHER
FUELS TYPE, SUCH AS CHARCOAL, CAN CREATE A HIGHER CONCENTRATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE
LEADING TO POTENTIAL POISONING.
• MAINTAIN PROPER VENTILATION. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT ADEQUATE OXYGEN BE SUPPLIED TO THE FIRE
FOR PROPER COMBUSTION. DURING THE WINTER SEASON, MAKE SURE THAT THE FRESH AIR INTAKE IS
FREE OF ANY ICE AS THIS WILL STARVE THE FIRE OF AIR AND PREVENT THE PROPER OPERATION OF THE
STOVE.
• THE
HEAT FLOWING THROUGH THE FLUE SYSTEM CREATE A NEGATIVE PRESSURE IN THE ROOM. IT
DRAWS AIR FROM THE INSIDE TO THE OUTSIDE. IN THE SAME WAY, OTHER APPLIANCES CAN ALSO
CREATE A BIGGER NEGATIVE PRESSURE. IN THIS CASE, AS THE AIR NATURALLY FLOWS FROM HIGH
PRESSURE POINT TO LOW PRESSURE POINT, THE BIGGER NEGATIVE PRESSURE MAY DRAW THE SMOKE
FROM THE INSIDE OF THE STOVE INTO THE ROOM. THE STOVE CAN ALSO AFFECT OTHER VENTILATION
APPLIANCES, CAUSING THE SAME EFFECT TO THEM.
29
RELOADING
Once you have obtained a good bed of embers, you should reload the unit. In order to do so,
open the air controls to maximum a few seconds prior to opening the stove's door. Then
proceed by opening the door very slowly; open it one or two inches for 5 to 10 seconds, before
opening it completely to increase the draught and thus eliminate the smoke which is stagnant in
a state of slow combustion in the stove. Then bring the red embers to the front of the stove and
reload the unit.
For optimal operation of your wood stove, we recommend you to operate it with a wood load
approximately equivalent to the height of fire bricks.
It is important to note that wood combustion consumes ambient oxygen in the room .In the case
of negative pressure, it is a good idea to allow fresh air in the room, either by opening a window
slightly or by installing a fresh air intake system on an outside wall. Refer to page 16 of the
present manual.
In order to achieve an optimum efficiency from your unit, we suggest that you operate it with the
air control completely closed. Make sure that you have a good fire going and an adequate
ember bed before you completely close the air control. Use a chimney thermometer if
necessary. Closing the air control too soon will lower combustion efficiency and may cause the
fire to die out. The addition of a blower (if not already included) is highly recommended to
maximize your unit’s efficiency.
CREOSOTE FORMATION AND NEED FOR REMOVAL
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic vapours, which combine with
expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapours condense in the relatively cool
chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue lining.
When ignited this creosote makes an extremely hot fire. When burning wood, the chimney
connector and chimney should be inspected at least once every two months during the heating
season to determine if a creosote build-up has occurred.
We strongly recommend that you install a magnetic thermometer on your smoke exhaust pipe,
approximately 18" above the stove. This thermometer will indicate the temperature of your gas
exhaust fumes within the smoke exhaust system. The ideal temperature for these gases is
somewhere between 275 oF and 500 oF. Below these temperatures, the build-up of creosote is
promoted. Above 500 degrees, heat is wasted since a too large quantity is lost into the
atmosphere.
TO PREVENT CREOSOTE BUILD UP
•
Always burn dry wood. This allows clean burns and higher chimney temperatures, therefore
less creosote deposit.
•
Leave the air control full open for about 10 min. every time you reload the stove to bring it
back to proper operating temperatures. The secondary combustion can only take place if
the firebox is hot enough.
•
Always check for creosote deposit once every two months and have your chimney cleaned
at least once a year.
30
USE OF THE BYPASS DAMPER
Your stove is equipped with a bypass damper. This feature should be used, if needed, upon
start-up of the stove to help heat-up the chimney faster. The bypass damper should be closed
as soon as there is a fire going inside the firebox and smoke is moving upward through the
exhaust system. The bypass damper should also be used upon reloading to avoid smoke
spillage into the room. Before reloading your stove, open the primary air intake control
completely and then, open the bypass damper. Wait for approximately 10 to 15 seconds and
open the stove door. Close the bypass damper when you are finished reloading. Never leave
the bypass damper open under any condition unless you are building a fire or reloading
the unit. To open the by-pass damper, insert the removable handle into the small rod
extension located on the left-end side of the unit (Figure 1). Turn the handle toward the bottom
to open the damper (Figure 2). Turn the handle toward the top to close the damper (Figure 3).
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
CAUTIONS:
• NEVER LEAVE THE REMOVABLE HANDLE INTO THE SMALL ROD EXTENSION UNLESS YOU ARE BUILDING A
FIRE OR RELOADING THE UNIT.
31
ASH DISPOSAL
Ashes should be removed from the stove every few days or when ashes get to 2 to 3 inches
deep. Always empty the stove when it is cold, such as in the morning.
Always dispose of ashes in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. Other waste shall not be
placed in this container. Place this container on a non combustible floor or on the ground, well
away from all combustible materials, pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by
burial in soil or otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained in the close container until
all cinders have thoroughly cooled.
CAUTIONS:
• ASHES COULD CONTAIN HOT EMBERS EVEN AFTER TWO DAYS WITHOUT OPERATING THE STOVE.
• THE ASH PAN CAN BECOME VERY HOT. W EAR GLOVES TO PREVENT INJURY.
• NEVER BURN THE STOVE WITH THE ASH TRAP OPEN. THIS WOULD RESULT IN OVER FIRING THE STOVE.
DAMAGE TO THE STOVE AND EVEN HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT.
FAN (BLOWER) OPERATION
Allow the stove to reach operating temperature (approximately one hour), before turning on the
fan. The increased airflow from the fan will cool the firebox and affect the start-up combustion
efficiency if the fan is turned on too quick.
It is possible to make an automatic activation of the blower with the installation of an optional
basic thermodisc kit AC05530 or a quick connect thermodisc kit AC02055.
CAUTIONS:
• ENSURE
THAT THE FAN’S OR THERMODISC’S POWER CORD ARE NOT IN CONTACT WITH ANY SURFACE
OF THE STOVE TO PREVENT ELECTRICAL SHOCK OR FIRE DAMAGE. DO NOT RUN ANY POWER CORD
BENEATH THE STOVE.
32
MAINTENANCE
Your Drolet stove is a high efficiency stove and therefore requires little maintenance. It is
important to perform a visual inspection of the stove every time it is emptied, in order to insure
that no parts have been damaged, in which case repairs must be performed immediately.
GLASS
•
Inspect the glass regularly in order to detect any cracks. If you spot one, turn the
stove off immediately. Do not abuse the glass door by striking or slamming shut. Do
not use the stove if the glass is broken.
•
If the glass on your stove breaks, replace only with glazing supplied from the Drolet dealer.
•
To replace the glass, remove the screws retaining the glass mouldings inside the door.
Remove the mouldings and replace the damaged piece with a new one. Perform the
procedure backwards after replacing. When replacing the glass, you should change the
glass gasket to make sure you keep it sealed.
•
Never wash the glass with a product that may scratch. Use a specialized product, available
in the stores where wood stoves are sold.
•
The glass should be washed only when cold.
•
Under normal operating conditions, the glass is designed to stay clean. Glass cleaning may
be required when burning damp wood. Furthermore, small creosote or soot accumulation
may occur in the lower end corners of the glass when burning the stove with the air control at
the minimum setting. This is normal. The glass will clean itself when burning a hot fire
during one hour or more with the air control at its maximum setting. Nevertheless, cleaning
the glass on a regular basis is recommended to prevent thicker creosote or soot
accumulation that can be very hard to remove.
GASKETING
It is recommended that you change the door gasket (which makes your stove door air tight)
once a year, in order to insure good control over the combustion, maximum efficiency and
security. To change the door gasket, simply remove the damaged one. Carefully clean the
available gasket groove, apply a high temperature silicone sold for this purpose, and install the
new gasket. You may light up your stove again approximately 24 hours after having completed
this operation.
WARNING:
• NEVER OPERATE THE STOVE WITHOUT A GASKET OR WITH A BROKEN ONE. DAMAGE TO THE STOVE OR
EVEN HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT
33
PAINT
Only clean your stove with a dry soft cloth that will not
harm the paint finish.
If the paint becomes scratched or damaged, it is possible to give your wood stove a brand new
look, by repainting it with a 1200 oF heat resistant paint. For this purpose, simply scrub the
surface to be repainted with fine sand paper, clean it properly, and apply thin coats (2) of paint
successively. Refer to page 18 of the present manual for the paint curing process.
CHIMNEY
Call a professional chimney sweep, or go to your local Drolet dealer, purchase a chimney brush,
and have the chimney cleaned. Regular chimney (flue) maintenance, as well as good burning
practices, is required to prevent chimney fires.
34
BRICK LAYOUT
ITEM
1
2
3
4
PART #
29015
PL36022
PL36054
SE16059
DESCRIPTION
4 X 9 BRICK
4 X 5 3/8 BRICK
4 X 9 BRICK (CUT)
ASH DUMP CAP
QTY
21
1
2
1
35
DROLE LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
The warranty of the manufacturer extends only to the original consumer purchaser and is not transferable. This
warranty covers brand new products only, which have not been altered, modified nor repaired since shipment from
factory. Proof of purchase (dated bill of sale), model name and serial number must be supplied when making any
warranty claim to your DROLET dealer.
This warranty applies to normal residential use only. Damages caused by misuse, abuse, improper
installation, lack of maintenance, over firing, negligence, accident during transportation, power failures,
downdrafts, or venting problems are not covered by this warranty.
This warranty does not cover any scratch, corrosion, warping, or discoloration caused by over firing, abrasives or chemical
cleaners. Any defect or damage caused by the use of unauthorized parts or others than original parts void this warranty. An
authorized qualified technician must perform the installation in accordance with the instructions supplied with this product
and all local and national building codes. Any service call related to an improper installation is not covered by this warranty.
The manufacturer may require that defective products be returned or that digital pictures be provided to support the
claim. Returned products are to be shipped prepaid to the manufacturer for investigation. If a product is found to be
defective, the manufacturer will repair or replace such defect. Transportation fees to ship the product back to the
purchaser will be paid by the manufacturer. Repair work covered by the warranty, executed at the purchaser’s
domicile by an authorized qualified technician requires the prior approval of the manufacturer. Labour cost and repair
work to the account of the manufacturer are based on predetermined rate schedule and must not exceed the
wholesale price of the replacement part. All parts and labour costs covered by this warranty are limited according to
the table below.
The manufacturer at its discretion may decide to repair or replace any part or unit after inspection and investigation of
the defect. The manufacturer may, at its discretion, fully discharge all obligations with respect to this warranty by
refunding the wholesale price of any warranted but defective parts. The manufacturer shall in no event be responsible
for any special, indirect, consequential damages of any nature, which are in excess of the original purchase price of
the product. A one-time replacement limit applies to all parts benefiting from a lifetime coverage. This warranty applies
st
to products purchased after March 1 , 2009.
DESCRIPTION
Combustion chamber (welds only) and castings.
Stainless steel firebox components, secondary air tubes*, surrounds
and heat shields, ash drawer, steel legs, pedestal, trims (aluminum
extrusions), plating* (defective manufacture), and convector air-mate.
Carbon steel firebox components, glass retainers, handle assembly,
C-Cast baffle*, and vermiculite baffle*.
Standard blowers, heat sensors, switches, rheostat, wiring, and other
controls.
Optional blowers, ceramic glass (thermal breakage only*), paint
(peeling), gaskets, insulation, and ceramic fibre blankets.
Firebrick
*Pictures required
WARRANTY APPLICATION
PARTS
LABOUR
Lifetime
3 years
5 years
3 years
3 years
1 year
2 years
1 year
1 year
n/a
n/a
n/a
Shall your unit or a components be defective, contact immediately your DROLET dealer. Prior to your call make sure
you have the following information necessary to your warranty claim treatment:
•
•
Your name, address and telephone
number;
Bill of sale and dealer’s name;
•
•
Serial number and model name as indicated on
the nameplate fixed to the back of your unit;
Nature of the defect and any relevant information.
Before shipping your unit or defective component to our plant, you must obtain from your DROLET dealer
an Authorization Number. Any merchandise shipped to our plant without authorization will be refused
automatically and returned to sender.
36
Download PDF