DRAFT CETAC ASX-560 Autosampler Operator`s Manual

DRAFT CETAC ASX-560 Autosampler Operator`s Manual
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler
Operator’s Manual
Manual Part Number 480215 Rev2
COPYRIGHT
TRADEMARK ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
© 2004-2015 Teledyne Technologies
Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Windows is a registered trademark of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and
other countries.
480215 Rev2, September, 2015
Teledyne CETAC Technologies authorizes its
customers to reproduce, transmit, or store
this document in its entirety, including this
page, for the express purpose of installing,
operating, or maintaining the product
described herein.
Teledyne CETAC Technologies
Customer Service & Support
14306 Industrial Road
Omaha, Nebraska 68144, USA
Phone
(800) 369-2822 (USA only)
Phone
(402) 733-2829
Fax
(402) 733-1932
E-mail
[email protected]
REVISIONS
Teledyne CETAC Technologies strives to
provide the scientific community with an
unparalleled combination of effective
technology and continuing value. Modular
upgrades for existing instruments will
continue to be a prime consideration as
designs progress.
Teledyne CETAC Technologies reserves the
right to revise this document and improve
products described herein at any time without
notice or obligation.
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All other marks are the property of their
respective owners.
Contents
1
Introduction ..............................................................................................................7
2
Overview.................................................................................................................................... 7
About This Manual ................................................................................................................ 7
Who Should Read This Book...................................................................................... 7
Autosampler Standard Components ............................................................................. 8
Additional Equipment Required ...................................................................................10
Optional Accessories ..........................................................................................................11
Chemical Compatibility .....................................................................................................12
Where to Go for More Information..............................................................................13
3
Choosing a Location............................................................................................................15
Space Requirements....................................................................................................15
Work Surface Requirements....................................................................................16
Rinse Solution Requirements...................................................................................16
Liquid Waste Routing Requirements ...................................................................16
Power Requirements...................................................................................................16
Unpacking the Autosampler ...........................................................................................17
Preparing for Installation ................................................................................. 15
Installing the Autosampler ............................................................................... 19
Mounting the Tray and Rinse Station .........................................................................20
Mounting the Z-Drive.........................................................................................................21
Attaching the Z-Drive to the Autosampler Arm ...............................................21
Connecting the Rinse Station..........................................................................................26
Waste Rinse Solution ..................................................................................................26
Tubing Considerations...............................................................................................26
Pumped Drain Arrangement ...................................................................................27
Gravity Drain Arrangement.....................................................................................31
Dual-Rinse Gravity Drain Arrangement .............................................................34
Dual-Rinse Pumped Drain Arrangement............................................................36
Assembling and Placing the Sample Vial Racks .....................................................38
Installing the Sample Probe ............................................................................................39
Connecting to the Analytical Instrument’s Sample Port ....................................41
Enclosure Connections ...............................................................................................41
Connecting the Autosampler to the Power Supply...............................................42
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Contents
Connecting the Autosampler to the Host Computer............................................43
Connecting a Serial Cable.................................................................................................43
Connecting a USB Cable....................................................................................................44
4
Verifying Installation (IQ and OQ)..................................................................47
5
Basic Verification.................................................................................................................47
Installation Qualification (IQ)........................................................................................48
Inventory of Supplied Equipment.......................................................................... 48
Operating Environment Checklist......................................................................... 48
Visual Inspection.......................................................................................................... 48
Installation Checklist ................................................................................................. 49
Communication Test .................................................................................................. 49
X/Y/Z Movement and Alignment Test................................................................. 49
Peristaltic Pump Test ................................................................................................. 50
Saving the Test Record .............................................................................................. 50
Clearance Inspection.................................................................................................. 50
Operational Qualification (OQ) .....................................................................................51
Performance Qualification (PQ)....................................................................................51
Autosampler IQ Checklist ................................................................................................52
Autosampler OQ Checklist...............................................................................................55
Using the Autosampler .......................................................................................59
6
Establishing Optimal Operating Conditions ............................................................59
Creating the Lab Environment............................................................................... 59
Replacing Autosampler Components................................................................... 60
Purchasing Supplies ................................................................................................... 60
Arranging the Sample Vial Racks .................................................................................61
Starting the Autosampler.................................................................................................61
Shutting Down the Autosampler ..................................................................................62
Flushing the Rinse Station and Flow Path................................................................62
Using the Autosampler Utility..........................................................................65
Installing the ASX Dashboard Software.....................................................................65
Starting the ASX Dashboard ...........................................................................................66
Changing the Movement Speed and Rinse Pump Speed ....................................67
Dual Rinse...............................................................................................................................68
Dual Rinse Timing ....................................................................................................... 68
Pump Speed.................................................................................................................... 68
7
Maintaining the Autosampler ..........................................................................69
Cleaning the Autosampler ...............................................................................................69
Daily External Cleaning ............................................................................................ 69
Weekly Cleaning........................................................................................................... 70
Cleaning the Sample Probe .............................................................................................71
Checking for Leaks..............................................................................................................71
Replacing Peristaltic Pump Tubing .............................................................................71
Aligning the Autosampler................................................................................................73
Checking the Home Position Alignment ............................................................. 73
Setting the Z-Axis Travel ..................................................................................................74
Replacing the Z-Drive ........................................................................................................75
How Does the Z-Drive Work? .................................................................................. 75
How Should I Care for the Z-Drive? ...................................................................... 76
Removing the Old Z-Drive ........................................................................................ 76
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Contents
8
Installing the New Z-Drive .......................................................................................76
Replacing the Rinse Station.............................................................................................80
Replacing the Sample Tray ..............................................................................................81
Replacing the Home Flag/Guide Plate........................................................................81
Troubleshooting the Autosampler ................................................................ 83
Power System Problems...................................................................................................83
Communications Interface Problems .........................................................................84
RS-232 Serial Cable Problems.................................................................................84
USB Cable Problems....................................................................................................84
Software Configuration Problems.........................................................................85
Z-Drive Problems.................................................................................................................85
Contamination and Carryover Problems ..................................................................86
Saving a Log File...................................................................................................................86
Using the C-Term™ Terminal Program ......................................................................87
Installing C-Term .........................................................................................................87
Starting C-Term............................................................................................................87
Overview of the C-Term Window ...........................................................................87
Configuring C-Term ....................................................................................................88
Autosampler Commands ...........................................................................................88
Returning the Product to CETAC for Service...........................................................89
Shipping the Product ..................................................................................................89
Product Warranty Statement .................................................................................89
Returned Product Procedures.................................................................................90
Returned Product Warranty Determination ....................................................91
9
Safety and Regulatory Information ............................................................... 93
Characteristics ......................................................................................................................93
Environmental Characteristics...............................................................................93
Electrical Characteristics..........................................................................................94
Safety Notices ........................................................................................................................95
Power Cord Set Requirements ................................................................................95
Power Cord Safety Maintenance............................................................................95
Mains Disconnect .........................................................................................................95
Cleaning Instructions .................................................................................................96
Mechanical Hazards ...................................................................................................96
Operating Environment.............................................................................................97
Explanation of Caution and Warning Notices..................................................98
Electromagnetic Interference ........................................................................................98
Explanation of Regulatory Marks .................................................................................99
10 Glossary .................................................................................................................101
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6
1 Introduction
Overview
The CETAC ASX-560 and ASX-280 autosamplers are designed to be sturdy,
reliable, and easy to use. It provides automated sample introduction that
enables you to perform other tasks while the autosampler runs. The ASX-560
autosampler automatically introduces up to 360 samples when fully loaded;
the ASX-280 has a capacity of 180 samples. It contains a microprocessor that
allows sequential or random sampling, providing flexibility.
The autosampler is typically interfaced to and controlled by the analytical
instrument host computer using a serial or USB connection. You can also
connect the autosampler to other devices, such as an autodilutor, or use it with
accessory equipment, such as a syringe pump or the CETAC ASXPRESS PLUS
rapid sample introduction system.
About This Manual
This manual describes the procedures for installing, using, and maintaining
your CETAC ASX-560 or ASX-280 autosampler. It also provides information
about troubleshooting minor problems and describes the design of the
autosampler.
This manual shows common versions of the ASX-560 autosampler. Your
autosampler may have different racks, a different probe, or other minor
differences from what is shown.
Who Should Read This Book
The primary audience for this manual consists of analytical chemists and lab
technicians. To use this manual effectively, you should have a basic knowledge
of chemistry, a basic knowledge of electronic sampling equipment, at least a
beginning level of computer experience, and working knowledge of the
analytical instrument used with the autosampler.
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction
WARNING
CHEMICAL INJURY HAZARD
The autosampler is intended for use only by qualified operators who have
been trained in safe laboratory practices. Make sure you know the hazards
associated with all of the chemicals you are using, and take the appropriate
precautions. Exposure to laboratory chemicals may result in serious injury.
Autosampler Standard Components
Z-Drive Assembly
Power
Indicator Lamp
Rinse Station
Arm
Standards Vials
Sample Vial Racks
Sample Tray
Figure 1-1 ASX-560 Autosampler—Front View
The following components are located on the front of the autosampler and are
shipped with the autosampler (see Figure 1-1).




8
Sample Tray. The sample tray holds the rinse station, sample racks, and
standards vials in place. The tray also contains small spills.
Sample Vial Racks. The ASX-560 includes four sample vial racks; the ASX280 includes two racks. You can choose from different rack sizes (common
sizes fit 21, 24, 40, 60 or 90 vials per rack). You can combine racks of
different sizes as long as the host computer’s software accepts the
combination.
Standards Vials. Ten standards vials are included with the autosampler.
The standards vials, which fit into the standards positions at the back of
the sample tray, are 50-milliliter conical centrifuge vials with caps.
Rinse Station. The flowing rinse station is located at the left end of the
standards positions at the back of the sample base. It comes with tubing
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction



used to connect the rinse station to the rinse source and the waste
container.
Arm. The arm moves the sample probe horizontally.
Z-Drive. The Z-drive moves the sample probe vertically. The Z-drive
assembly includes a Y-axis slider block and guide plate as well as the
sample probe. The Z-drive attaches onto the autosampler arm.
Power Indicator Lamp. The LED indicates that the autosampler is
connected to a power source and turned on.
Power Switch
Serial Ports
USB Port
Peristaltic Pump
Power Connector
Z-Drive Motor
Figure 1-2
ASX-560 Autosampler—Back View
The following components are located on the back of the autosampler and are
shipped with the autosampler.



On-board peristaltic pump. A two-channel peristaltic pump moves the
rinse solution from the rinse source through the flowing rinse station.
Serial Ports. The COM1 port connects the autosampler with the analytical
instrument’s host computer. The COM2 port connects the autosampler to
other external devices, such as an autodilutor.
USB Port. The USB port can be used to interface the autosampler with the
host computer.
The following standard components are also shipped with the autosampler:



Power Supply. A desktop "brick" transformer powers the autosampler.
Sample Probe Kit. The kit includes the sample probe. The sample probe
fits into the Z-drive.
Communication Cables. The contents of the kit depend on the version of
the autosampler. Most kits include a 1.828-meter serial cable and a USB
cable.
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction

CD. The CD contains, if applicable:




Utility software
USB device drivers
Manuals
Other application-specific information
Supplied components depend on the application and the exact version of the
autosampler. See the packing list in the shipping container to see exactly which
components are supplied.
Additional Equipment Required
In addition to the provided equipment, you will need:

10
A host computer which has been configured with the control software for
your instrument. This computer must have an additional free USB or serial
port beyond the ports required to control the instrument and other system
components.
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction
Optional Accessories
You may need optional accessories in addition to the standard components
included with the autosampler. See the ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Spare
Parts and Accessories Catalog for details. Available accessories include:

Sample Vials and Racks.

Sample Probes. Extra probes are available in a variety of diameters. See
table below for common probe sizes.



0.3 mm ID
Black band
0.5 mm ID
Blue band
0.8 mm ID
Red band
0.9 mm ID
Yellow band
1.0 mm ID
2 Blue bands
Table 1: Sample Probe Sizes and Color Coding
Dual Rinse Station. The dual-rinse option allows more thorough rinsing
to reduce sample contamination and carryover.
Enclosure. The enclosure protects samples from contamination and
contains and exhausts fumes.
ASXPRESS PLUS Rapid Sample Introduction System. 6-port valve system
which enables rapid sample loading and probe wash out.
NOTE:
Contact Teledyne CETAC Technologies if you need additional accessories not
listed, need added features to integrate the autosampler into your analytical
system, or have unique requirements. Research and development of new
features and accessories for the autosampler, often inspired by customer
requests, is a continuing activity at Teledyne CETAC Technologies.
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chemical Compatibility
The autosampler operates reliably under a wide variety of conditions. No
metallic components are exposed above the sample vials. The top cover and
base are made from polypropylene. The arm and Z-drive are made from carbon
fiber.
The back and frame are made from a high-strength aluminum alloy that is
treated with a RoHS-compliant chemfilm and finished with an epoxy powder
coating. Long-term exposure to aqueous acids greater than 15% may cause
discoloration or bubbling of the epoxy coating.
Internal splash shields protect against occasional exposure to corrosive
chemicals. The covers are not sealed against liquid or vapor intrusion. Longterm exposure of the internal components to corrosive materials may cause
damage.
Exposure to corrosive vapors can be minimized by using an enclosure with
airflow directed down and away from the electronic components.
Components in the sample flow path are made of polyetherimide (PEI) and
polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). When these inert, non-metallic materials are
used at temperatures less than 135 °C, they can withstand repeated exposure
to the following substances:



CAUTION
Predominantly aqueous solutions of strong acids (less than 20%)
Predominantly aqueous solutions of strong bases (less than 10%)
Common organic solvents such as acetone, alcohols, ethyl acetate,
methylethylketone (MEK), petroleum oils and derived fuels, and kerosene.
DAMAGE FROM CHEMICAL EXPOSURE
Prolonged or repeated exposure to temperatures greater than 135 °C and to the
following substances can cause failure of the flow path components:
• Solutions of concentrated acids (greater than 40%).
• Solutions of concentrated bases (greater than 10% potassium, ammonium, or
sodium hydroxides).
• Partially halogenated hydrocarbons or extremely aggressive organic solvents
(chloroform, methylene dichloride, 1,1,2-trichloroethane).
Prolonged exposure to carbon tetrachloride can damage the autosampler.
WARNING
CHEMICAL HAZARD
Do not use the autosampler with substances which could pose a hazard of
serious injury to the operator if spilled or injected, such as biological
substances or formic acid.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Where to Go for More Information
In addition to this manual, you can refer to the following resources:






New versions of this manual may be available under “Support” on CETAC’s
Web site:
www.cetac.com
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Spare Parts and Accessories Catalog,
available on the CETAC Web site.
CETAC Autosampler Safety Guide provides basic safety-related information
in a variety of languages.
Online help within the ASX Dashboard software.
Teledyne CETAC Technologies Customer Service and Support:
Phone: 1 (800) 369-2822 (USA only)
1 (402) 733-2829
Fax: 1 (402) 733-1932
E-mail: [email protected]
The software manual for the instrument you are using.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
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14
2 Preparing for
Installation
Installing the autosampler requires preparation. Before you install the
autosampler, you should evaluate the physical arrangement of the laboratory
to choose a suitable location.
Choosing a Location
For the system to function optimally, the location you select must meet specific
requirements.
Space Requirements
Most analytical applications benefit from using the shortest sample flow path.
Therefore, you should place the autosampler in close proximity to the
analytical instrument. The recommended footprint for the autosampler is
shown in the following tables.
Height
28 cm (14")
without Z-Drive
Width
58 cm (232.5)
Depth
55 cm (21.6")
Weight
11.7 kg (26 lbs) without racks or vials
62 cm (24.4")
with Z-drive and tubing
59 cm (23.5")
with cables and tubing
Table 2: Physical Characteristics – ASX-560
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Chapter 2: Preparing for Installation
Height
28 cm (14")
without Z-Drive
Width
36 cm (14.0”)
Depth
54 cm (21.0")
Weight
8.1 kg (17.8 lbs) without racks or vials
66 cm (26")
with Z-drive and tubing
58 cm (22.8")
with cables and tubing
Table 3: Physical Characteristics – ASX-280
The weight shown is that of the autosampler itself, without the desktop power
supply, tray, vials, sample probe, or tubing.
Allow at least 5 cm behind the autosampler for cable egress and access to the
power switch. Always position the equipment so that it is easy to disconnect
the power cord.
Work Surface Requirements
The autosampler must be placed on a sturdy countertop or table. Do not place
the autosampler on a wheeled cart or folding table.
During operation, the autosampler produces both vertical and horizontal
forces. If the work surface is allowed to shake or wobble, the autosampler may
“walk” across the surface, liquids may spill, or data quality may be affected.
Rinse Solution Requirements
For most applications, deionized water or kerosene is used as the rinse agent.
Place the rinse agent source within two meters of the autosampler.
Liquid Waste Routing Requirements
CAUTION
Ensure that there is a liquid waste receptacle within two meters of the
autosampler. The waste receptacle inlet should be 30 to 60 centimeters lower
than the autosampler rinse station outlet and set up so that the rinse drain
tubing drops directly into the waste receptacle with no coiling and without
being submerged below the liquid level of the waste receptacle.
SUBMERGED DRAIN TUBING MAY CAUSE EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Ensure that the rinse drain tubing is not submerged in the waste liquid. If the
tubing is submerged, waste liquid can back up in the rinse station, flooding the
sample tray.
Power Requirements
WARNING
The autosampler is powered by the supplied external desktop "brick" power
supply. Place the autosampler within 1.2 meters of a power outlet.
SHOCK AND FIRE HAZARD
Use only the provided power supply. The power supply must be plugged
into an outlet which has a protective ground connection.
The autosampler is intended to operate from DC power supplied through the
provided power supply. The power supply is provided power through an AC
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 2: Preparing for Installation
power source that will not apply more than 240 VAC between the supply
conductors and ground. A protective ground connection by way of the
grounding connector in the power cord is required for safe operation.
Ensure that you position the autosampler so that the location where the power
supply cord plugs into it is easily accessible (is not blocked) so that it can be
quickly disconnected if needed. In case of hazard, the autosampler should be
disconnected from the power source.
The power supply socket is on the back of the autosampler below the power
switch. Connect the power supply to the autosampler first and then connect a
line cord to the power supply. Do not apply power to the power supply until
ready to operate the autosampler.
Unpacking the Autosampler
Inspect external packaging upon receipt for signs of shipping damage. Inspect
all items during unpacking and notify the carrier immediately of any concealed
damage. Check for kinked or bent tubing.
CAUTION
If the system is shipped or removed from storage during cold weather, allow
the packaged equipment to equilibrate to room temperature before opening
and exposing to warm, humid air. It is usually sufficient to provide four to eight
hours for this purpose.
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE FROM CONDENSATION
If condensation forms on or inside the autosampler, allow it to dry thoroughly
before connecting it to a power source and operating it. Failure to do so may cause
equipment damage.
Remove the packing checklist from the shipping container, and check off items
against it. Leave accessories in the packing until you are ready to install them.
NOTE
Keep the factory packaging for use in case the product ever needs to be
returned or shipped to another location.
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Chapter 2: Preparing for Installation
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18
3 Installing the
Autosampler
The autosampler can be installed with minimal effort; no tools are required.
You can remove thumbscrews with tools if necessary, but do not tighten them
with anything other than your fingers.
To install the autosampler, you must complete the following tasks. Each of
these tasks will be discussed in detail later in this chapter.





WARNING
Mount the Z-drive.
Connect the rinse station.
Assemble the sample vial racks.
Connect the sample tubing to the analytical instrument.
Connect the autosampler to the power supply and to the host computer.
PINCH/PUNCTURE HAZARD
Ensure the power switch is off and the power cord is unplugged before
proceeding with installation. If the power is left on, motors may move
unexpectedly and cause injury.
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
Mounting the Tray and Rinse Station
1
2
Place the tray on the base of the autosampler.
Place the rinse station on the post on the back left corner of the tray. Press
straight down until it is fully seated.
Figure 3-1 Mounting the Rinse Station
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
Mounting the Z-Drive
The Z-drive moves the probe up and down. The Z-drive is shipped detached
from the autosampler.
Attaching the Z-Drive to the Autosampler Arm
1
2
Carefully remove any packaging materials from the Z-drive.
Figure 3-2 Z-Drive Before Installation
Find the Y-axis carriage on the arm of the autosampler. The Z-drive will be
attached to this carriage.
Figure 3-3 Y-Axis Carriage
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
3
4
CAUTION
Slide the Z-drive onto the y-arm until the two holes in the Y-axis slider block
align with the matching holes in the Y-axis carriage.
Figure 3-4 Sliding the Z-Drive Onto the Arm
Secure the Z-drive to the carriage using the two thumbscrews.
Do not tighten the thumbscrews with anything other than your fingers.
Figure 3-5 Securing Z-Drive Onto the Arm
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Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
5
6
7
Feed the cable through the rear guide block and around the rotor, then tighten
the nut to secure the cable sleeve to the guide block.
Figure 3-6 Guide Block with Nut
Turn the rotor clockwise as far as it will go.
Finish sliding the cable around the rotor on the back of the autosampler.
Loosen the thumbscrew on the rotor to allow the cable to pass through the
clamp, with about 2 mm of cable extending past the clamp.
Figure 3-7 Position of Cable on Rotor
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
8
9
Verify that there is a small gap between the Z-axis slider and cap at the top of
the Z-drive (approximately 1-3 mm). Adjust the cable a bit if necessary.
Figure 3-8 Z-Drive at Top Position With Gap
Hold the cable flat against the rotor and secure the cable by tightening
thumbscrew on the rotor. The thumbscrew should be as tight as possible using
just your fingers.
Figure 3-9 Securing Cable to Rotor
The cable is pre-cut to the proper length and does not need to be trimmed
when properly installed.
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
10 Rotate the Z-drive rotor back and forth to ensure that the Z-drive moves up
CAUTION
and down freely.
Never push the Z-axis slider to move it up or down. Pushing on the Z-axis slider can
kink the drive cable. Instead, rotate the Z-drive rotor on the back of the
autosampler.
Z-Axis Slider
Rotate to Move the
Z-Drive
Figure 3-10 Z-Drive Rotor
If the rotor does not rotate freely, STOP and reinstall the drive cable (see
"Replacing the Z-Drive" on page 75).
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ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 3: Installing the Autosampler
Connecting the Rinse Station
The rinse station is mounted to the tray of the autosampler, at the left end of
the standards rack.
Typically, deionized water, an acid rinse such as a 2% HNO3, or a solution from
the kerosene family, is used as the rinse solution.
The rinse solution flows from the sample probe reservoir to the drain (rinse
out) reservoir within the rinse station. The waste rinse solution is then drained
from the rinse station.
The inlet of the rinse station is at the bottom of the rinse station. The rinse
solution flows from the bottom to the top of the sample probe reservoir. Upflow rinsing is the most effective method for decontaminating the sample
probe tube between samples. Reversing the connections will reverse the flow
direction, resulting in cross-contamination and unsatisfactory performance.
Waste Rinse Solution
In most cases, rinse solution will be “recycled” by returning it to the rinse
solution bottle. If necessary, rinse solution can be pulled from a fresh bottle
and used solution drained to a waste container. Remember to label the waste
container according to your laboratory policy and local regulations.
Ensure that the tubing outlet is placed so that it will remain above the surface
of the liquid in the waste container. If the end of the tube is immersed, the
waste solution might back up and overflow.
Tubing Considerations
Verify that the supplied tubing material is compatible with the rinse solution
you are using. There are many different types of tubing that can be used for the
rinse station. Clear Tygon® tubing is provided. Viton®, Tygon® Fuel and Lube
(yellow), and PharMed® (opaque) may also be used for pump tubing
depending on the application and user preference. Clear Superthane® tubing
can used everywhere other than the pump tubing. Contact CETAC if you need
different tubing material.
The fittings on the rinse station use 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) ID tubing, but the
fittings on the peristaltic pump use smaller ⅛ inch (3.2 mm) ID tubing. If
tubing needs to be replaced, a tubing kit with a adapter fittings can be ordered
from CETAC.
Carefully press the tubing straight on to the fittings to avoid breaking the
fittings. If you find it difficult to get a good connection to the rinse station,
remove the rinse station and press the tubing firmly so that it completely
covers the barb of the fitting. It helps to use your other hand to apply counterpressure.
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Pumped Drain Arrangement
In a pumped drain arrangement, one channel of the peristaltic pump to supply
rinse solution to the rinse station, while the other channel of the pump drains
the used rinse solution.
Figure 3-11 Typical Pumped Drain Arrangement
1
To connect the rinse station using the pumped drain, complete the following
steps:
Locate the two pieces of adapter tubing.
Figure 3-12 Adapter Tubing
2
Connect the smaller end of one of the pieces of adapter tubing to the fitting at
the bottom of the pump, closest to the back of the autosampler.
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3
Figure 3-13 Connecting the Pump Output
4
Figure 3-14 Connecting the Rinse Station Input
Connect the larger end of the tubing to the bottom fitting of the rinse station.
Find the pump channel which is connected to the rinse station. Use an
appropriate length of the smaller ⅛ inch (3.2 mm) ID tubing to connect the
rinse solution source to the fitting at the top of this channel.
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5
6
7
Figure 3-15 Connecting the Rinse Solution Input
Locate the other piece of adapter tubing.
Connect the larger end of the adapter tubing to the outlet fitting of the rinse
station.
Figure 3-16 Connecting the Rinse Station Drain
Connect the smaller end of the adapter tubing to the input of the second pump
channel.
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8
Figure 3-17 Connecting the Rinse Station Drain to the Pump Input
Connect up to 1.8 meters of the larger 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) ID tubing between the
outlet fitting of the pump and the waste container.
Figure 3-18 Connecting the Rinse Station Drain
Ensure that the tubing outlet is placed so that it will remain above the surface
of the liquid in the waste container. If the end of the tube is immersed, the
waste solution might back up and overflow.
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Gravity Drain Arrangement
The simplest arrangement is for one channel of the peristaltic pump to supply
rinse solution to the rinse station, while the used rinse solution drains by
gravity.
Figure 3–5 Gravity Drain Arrangement
In a gravity drain arrangement, the rinse solution moves through the
peristaltic pump to the inlet at the bottom of the rinse station, as shown in
Figure 3-5. It then drains out the top of the rinse station by means of a gravity
drain.
Depending on your application, the waste rinse solution may be returned to
the rinse solution container and recycled, or it may be directed to a separate
waste container.
1
To connect the rinse station using a gravity drain, complete the following steps:
Locate one of the pieces of adapter tubing.
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2
Figure 3-19 Adapter Tubing
3
Figure 3-20 Connecting the Pump Output
4
Figure 3-21 Connecting the Rinse Station Input
Connect the smaller end of the adapter tubing to the fitting at the bottom of
the pump, closest to the back of the autosampler.
Connect the larger end of the tubing to the bottom fitting of the rinse station.
Use an appropriate length of the smaller ⅛ inch (3.2 mm) ID tubing to connect
the rinse solution source to the fitting at the top of this channel.
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5
Figure 3-22 Connecting the Rinse Solution Input
Connect up to 1.8 meters of the larger 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) ID tubing between the
outlet fitting of the rinse station and the waste container.
Figure 3-23 Connecting the Rinse Station Drain
Ensure that the tubing outlet is placed so that it will remain above the surface
of the liquid in the waste container. If the end of the tube is immersed, the
waste solution might back up and overflow.
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Dual-Rinse Gravity Drain Arrangement
A dual rinse station can be used to reduce sample contamination and
carryover.
With a gravity drain arrangement, the peristaltic pump supplies rinse solution
to both tubes the rinse station, while the used rinse solution drains from both
tubes by gravity. The rinse solution can come from one container, or it can
come from two different containers.
Figure 3-24 Dual-Rinse Gravity Drain Tubing Arrangement
1
Figure 3-25 Dual Rinse Station
Install a peristaltic pump tubing cartridge which has 2 mm ID tubing on both
channels. (On Teledyne CETAC tubing cartridges, this is indicated by black
endplates.) See page 71 for instructions on how to install the tubing cartridge.
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2
3
4
5
6
7
Locate the two pieces of adapter tubing.
Figure 3-26 Adapter Tubing
Route the adapter tubing through the “tunnel” under the autosampler head,
with the smaller end facing the peristaltic pump and the larger end facing the
rinse station.
Connect the tubing to the bottom two connectors of the rinse station.
Connect the tubing to the fittings at the bottom of the pump.
Use an appropriate length of the smaller ⅛ inch (3.2 mm) ID tubing to connect
the rinse solution source(s) to the fittings at the top of the pump.
Connect two pieces of 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) ID drain tubing to the upper
connectors of the rinse station.
When first setting up the system, use two separate drain tubes. If the flow rate
is low enough, and if the waste container is very close to the autosampler, it
may be possible to join the tubes with a Y connector.
8
Ensure that the tubing outlet is placed so that it will remain above the surface
of the liquid in the waste container. If the end of the tube is immersed, the
waste solution might back up and overflow.
Once the autosampler has been set up and connected to a computer, use the
ASX Dashboard software to enable the dual-rinse option and adjust the timing
and flow rate. See page 68 for more information.
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Dual-Rinse Pumped Drain Arrangement
If the rinse solution backs up and overflows with the dual-rinse gravity drain
arrangement, even when the tubing is free of obstructions, you can use a
pumped drain arrangement.
With a pumped drain arrangement, one channel of the peristaltic pump
supplies rinse solution to both tubes the rinse station, while the other channel
of the pump drains the used rinse solution from both tubes.
1
2
Figure 3-27 Dual Rinse Tubing Arrangement
Install a peristaltic pump tubing cartridge which has 2 mm ID tubing on the
inner channel and 3 mm ID tubing on the outer channel. (On Teledyne CETAC
tubing cartridges, this is indicated by red endplates.) See page 71 for
instructions on how to install the tubing cartridge.
Locate the two pieces of Y-adapter tubing.
Figure 3-28 Adapter Tubing
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3
4
5
6
7
Route the adapter tubing through the “tunnel” under the autosampler head,
with the smaller end facing the peristaltic pump and the Y end facing the rinse
station.
Connect one of the Y-tubing assemblies to the bottom two fittings of the rinse
station. This tubing will supply fresh rinse solution to both rinse ports.
Connect one of the Y-tubing assemblies to the top two fittings of the rinse
station. This tubing will drain rinse solution from the rinse station.
Connect the rinse supply tubing assembly to the bottom, inner fitting of the
peristaltic pump.
Connect the drain tubing assembly to the top, outer fitting of the peristaltic
pump.
NOTE
It is important that the drain tubing is connected to the outer channel of the
pump, which is equipped with the larger-diameter tubing.
8
9
Use an appropriate length of the smaller ⅛ inch (3.2 mm) ID tubing to connect
the rinse solution source(s) to the fitting at the top, inner fitting of the
peristaltic pump.
Connect a piece of the larger 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) ID drain tubing to the bottom,
outer fitting of the peristaltic pump.
Ensure that the tubing outlet is placed so that it will remain above the surface
of the liquid in the waste container. If the end of the tube is immersed, the
waste solution might back up and overflow.
10 Once the autosampler has been set up and connected to a computer, use the
ASX Dashboard software to enable the dual-rinse option and adjust the timing
and flow rate. See page 68 for more information.
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Assembling and Placing the Sample Vial Racks
The sample vial racks are shipped unassembled. You can easily assemble them
without using tools.
PUNCTURE HAZARD
Never attempt to load, unload or reposition the sample vial rack or sample
vial while the autosampler is operating. The sample probe may move
unexpectedly and cause an injury.
WARNING
1
2
Before loading or unloading any sample vial racks on the sample tray, park the
sampling arm and probe in the home position by cycling the power on and off.
The home position is the initial position at power up.
Snap the racks together as shown in the instructions included with each rack.
You can disassemble the racks if you need to ship or store them.
NOTE:
Keep at least one copy of the rack assembly instructions.
3
Place the first sample vial rack at the extreme left-hand side of the sample tray.
Ensure the rack is not tilted and is fully seated on the tray.
4
Figure 3-29 Rack Fully Seated on Tray
Place the next sample vial rack to the right of the previous rack.
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Rack 1
5
Rack 2
Rack 3
Rack 4
Figure 3-30 Typical Arrangement of Racks
Repeat until you place all the sample vial racks.
When viewed from the front of the autosampler, the sample vial racks should
now be arranged on the sample tray as follows: Rack #1 at the extreme left
position, Rack #2 at the left center position, Rack #3 at the right center
position and Rack #4 at the extreme right position.
Installing the Sample Probe
NOTE
To prevent contamination, wear gloves when handling the probe.
1
2
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
Rotate the rotor on the back of the autosampler to move the Z-axis slider to the
top of the Z-drive.
Z-Axis Slider
Rotate to Move the
Z-Drive
Figure 3-31 Raising the Z-Axis Slider
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3
4
Loosen the nuts of the two probe clamps.
5
Figure 3-32 Installing the Probe Clamps
6
7
Insert the clamps onto the Z-axis slider.
Guide the probe straight down until the tip of the probe is level with the
bottom of the Z-Drive. See "Setting the Z-Axis Travel" on page 74.
Tighten the probe clamps.
Use the provided spiral wraps to secure the sample tube to the Z-drive cable.
Position the spiral wraps 2 cm above he top of the Z-drive and at the highest
point of the Z-drive cable. Sometimes it works better to use tie points
approximately 15 and 40 centimeters above the top of the Z-drive. There
should be just a little curve to the free sample tube when the probe is lowered,
and an untangled loop when the probe is raised.
Always position the sample transfer tubing so that it does not pull on the
probe. The tubing should naturally curve away from the probe so that it won't
rub or get caught. Be sure to check that the tubing will not be stretched and
will not snag on an obstacle when the probe is moved to the far corner sample
positions.
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Spiral wrap
Loop
8
Figure 3-33 Positioning the Sample Tubing
Optional: Moisten a Kimwipes wiper with 10% HNO3 and wipe the probe to
remove any aqueous or inorganic contamination from the surface. Then
moisten a new Kimwipes wiper with a chromatography grade solvent such as
n-propanol, isopropanol, or hexane and wipe the probe again to remove any
oil. Let the probe air dry. Be careful not to touch the probe without gloves—
residue from handling the probe can cause the surface tension properties of
the probe surface to change and can lead to material dripping off the probe
during use. Periodic cleaning may be necessary depending on the application.
Connecting to the Analytical Instrument’s Sample
Port
You can connect the autosampler directly to a sample introduction peristaltic
pump and then to any sample introduction device, such as the CETAC
U5000AT+ or U6000AT+ Ultrasonic Nebulizer.
One end of the sample transfer tubing is preconnected to the sample probe.
The transfer tubing should be long enough so that it there will be no strain on
the tubing connectors even when the sample probe is at the position farthest
from the analytical instrument. On the other hand, keep the sample transfer
tubing as short as possible. This will:



1
2
Minimize washout time
Minimize sample carryover
Reduce the chance of tangled tubing
Determine the length of the sample transfer tubing you need, and cut it to size.
Connect the free end of the sample transfer tubing to the inlet of the analytical
instrument’s peristaltic pump.
Enclosure Connections
If an enclosure is present, connect the trimmed tubing from the sample probe
to the inside bulkhead using the nut and ferrule provided with the enclosure.
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Then attach tubing from the outside bulkhead to the input of the analytical
instrument.
Connecting the Autosampler to the Power Supply
1
2
3
4
The autosampler is powered by the supplied external desktop "brick" power
supply. Ensure that you position the autosampler so that the location where
the power supply cord plugs into it is easily accessible (is not blocked) and it
can be quickly disconnected if needed. In case of hazard, the system should be
disconnected from the power source.
Turn the power switch on the autosampler OFF.
Check the plug on the power cord to verify that it is of the correct type for your
country.
Plug the power cord into a power outlet.
Plug the power cord into the power supply.
Power Cord to
Grounded AC Power
Outlet
To POWER
Connector on
Autosampler
Figure 3-34 Power Supply
5
6
Plug the power supply into the 24 V connector on the autosampler.
Turn the power switch on the autosampler ON.
It is important to use the appropriate power cord for your country. See


WARNING
“Power requirements” on page 94.
“Power Cord Set Requirements” on page 95.
FIRE AND SHOCK HAZARD
Use only the provided desktop power supply. The power supply must be
plugged into an outlet which has a protective ground connection.
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Connecting the Autosampler to the Host Computer
Software on the host computer controls both the analytical instrument and the
autosampler. You cannot operate the autosampler until you establish a
communication interface between the autosampler and the host computer. It is
through this interface that the host computer directs the operation of the
autosampler. The autosampler supports the following communication
interfaces:


The USB interface is the standard configuration. A virtual COM port is
created so that the connection looks like a standard RS-232 serial port to
the host PC software.
The serial (RS-232) interface is simple and reliable, but the host computer
may lack a free serial port.
NOTE:
Although the autosampler supports several communications protocols, the
host computer governs which protocol is used. To determine which protocol is
required for the analytical instrument you are using, refer to the hardware or
software manual provided with the instrument.
Connecting a Serial Cable
Use either a serial cable or a USB cable (not both).
1
You will need a serial cable equipped with two male DB-9 connectors.
2
If the computer has more than one serial port, make sure to use the same port
which is selected in the instrument control software.
3
4
Plug one end of the cable into the host computer’s serial (COM) port.
Finger-tighten both screws of the connector.
Connect the other end of the cable to the autosampler’s COM1 port.
Finger-tighten both screws of the connector.
NOTES
If a host computer serial port with a DB-9F, a DB-25M, or a DB-25F connector
(9 pin D-subminiature receptacle or 25 pin D-subminiature plug or receptacle)
must be used, use an adapter to convert the serial port to a DB-9M. Do not use
a “null modem” adapter.
Ensure you are connecting the serial cable to the COM1 port. Connecting the
adapter to the COM2 port on the autosampler will cause a malfunction.
When interconnecting any computing devices, keep the communications
cables away from sources of electromagnetic or radio frequency (RF)
interference, such as electric motors, transformers, fluorescent light ballasts,
or RF energy sources. Limit cable runs for RS-232C to less than 16 meters. If
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these conditions cannot be satisfied, use low-impedance, fully shielded cables
to provide satisfactory operation. The cables are available from many sources,
but you will need to specify the correct mating connectors and “straightthrough” (DTE-DCE) wiring.
Connecting a USB Cable
Use either a serial cable or a USB cable (not both).
You will need an “A-B” USB cable.
1
Figure 3-35 USB Cable
2
Power on both the computer and the autosampler.
3
The computer screen should display a "New Hardware Found" window. A USB
driver must be installed to make the USB port emulate an RS-232 COM port,
and the installation must be repeated for each USB connection.
Plug one end of the cable into the host computer's USB port and the other end
into the autosampler’s USB port.
Allow the Windows Found New Hardware Wizard to use Windows Update to
search for a driver.
In most cases, the driver will be found online and installed automatically. This
process may take several minutes.
If the driver is not installed automatically, insert the CD-ROM and allow the
wizard to search the CD-ROM and install the driver (the exact procedure
depends on the version of the Windows operating system). For Microsoft
Windows 7, you may need to navigate to the “FTDI Driver” folder on the CDROM to find the driver file named “ftdiport.inf”. The hardware will be identified
as an “FT 232R USB UART” and then as a “USB Serial Converter.”
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4
5
Figure 3-36 Windows Found New Hardware Wizard (Windows 7)
When driver installation is complete, make a note of which COM port number
was assigned. The COM port number may be displayed in a “bubble” in the
lower right corner of the screen.
Confirm that the COM port selected for the USB matches the port selected in
the host computer's instrument control software.
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46
4 Verifying Installation
(IQ and OQ)
Once installation of the autosampler is complete, it is important to verify that
you have installed it correctly. Attempting to use it before ensuring that it is
installed correctly may result in damage to the autosampler.
Installation qualification (IQ), operational qualification (OQ), and performance
qualification (PQ) for this autosampler is typically performed by the user. IQ
demonstrates that the autosampler was shipped, unpacked, and installed
correctly. OQ demonstrates that the measurement system (typically consisting
of the autosampler, the host computer, the analytical instrument, and other
equipment) performs as required by the experimental method. PQ
demonstrates that the measurement system consistently meets the
requirements of the tests and methods performed at your laboratory.
Qualification testing is required for laboratories in some industries with Good
Laboratory Practices (GLP) or Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)
requirements. Even in unregulated laboratory environments, these tests can
provide an extra degree of confidence that the autosampler will work as
expected.
Basic Verification
Even if you do not plan to complete the full IQ procedure, you should verify the
following two items:


Ensure that the communications interface between the autosampler and
the host computer is working.
Ensure that the sample probe functions properly.
This can be done using your ICP-MS or other instrument control software, or
with the provided ASX Dashboard (see page 49).
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Installation Qualification (IQ)
IQ verifies that the autosampler was shipped, unpacked, and installed
correctly.
Qualification consists of the following:







Inventory of supplied equipment
Operating environment checklist
Visual inspection
Installation checklist
Communication test
X/Y/Z movement and alignment test
Peristaltic pump test
An IQ checklist is provided on page 52.
Inventory of Supplied Equipment
1
Verify that the following items are present:




2
3
Autosampler
Power cord with the appropriate connector
Sample probe of appropriate type, with attached sample tubing
Software and documentation CD
Verify that all other items on the included packing list are present.
Verify that all standard components are present. See page 8.
Operating Environment Checklist
1
Verify that the requirements in Chapter 2, “Preparing for Installation,” have
been met.
Visual Inspection
1
2
3
The following autosampler components may be damaged during shipping or
installation: the sample probe, the peristaltic pump tubing, and the rinse
station and tubing. It is important that you check these components for
damage before you operate the autosampler. To do so, complete the following
steps:
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
Visually inspect the sample probe, peristaltic pump tubing, and rinse station
and tubing for leaks or signs of damage.
Visually check for moisture condensation which may have occurred during
shipment.
If you detect a leak or other damage to an autosampler component, you must
replace it. For more information, see the appropriate section in Chapter 6,
“Maintaining the Autosampler.”
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Installation Checklist
1
Mount the Z-drive and connect tubing and cables, following the instructions in
Chapter 3, “Installing the Autosampler,” beginning on page 19.
Communication Test
1
2
3
4
5
If the communications interface between the autosampler and the host
computer is not established correctly, the autosampler will not function.
Check that the communication cables are properly attached between the host
computer and the autosampler.
Turn the autosampler power switch on and verify that the LED power
indicator lamp is on.
If you have not already done so, install the ASX Dashboard software on the host
computer. See page 65.
Start the ASX Dashboard software.
From the ASX Dashboard, click Autosampler IQ-OQ.
If properly connected, the autosampler will appear on the list of available
autosamplers at the top of the window.
ALTERNATIVE:
From the ICP-MS or other instrument control software, command the
autosampler to go to the HOME position.
X/Y/Z Movement and Alignment Test
The sample probe must descend into the center of each sample vial to ensure
satisfactory sample uptake. Shipping or rough handling can disturb the
autosampler’s cabinet-to-base alignment. If it is incorrectly aligned, the sample
probe will not function properly. It is therefore important to test the sample
probe before you actually run samples with the autosampler.
NOTE:
Before testing the sample probe, ensure that you have installed all
autosampler components correctly. Also, ensure that you have securely
tightened all thumbscrews and connected the communications cable from the
host computer to the autosampler.
1
Testing the sample probe involves observing the operation of the sample
probe. To do so, complete the following steps:
Remove all vials, racks, and standards from the autosampler tray.
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Remove everything from the autosampler tray. The "4 Corners" test will lower the
sample probe at the edges of the autosampler range of motion. If vials or racks are
present, the probe may be damaged.
CAUTION
2
3
4
5
6
Turn the autosampler power switch on and verify that the LED power
indicator lamp is on.
From the ASX Dashboard, click Autosampler IQ-OQ.
If any obstacles remain on the tray or base of the autosampler which cannot
easily be removed, set the Z Depth so that the sample probe will not collide
with anything when it is lowered.
Click 4 Corners to move the sample probe to the four corners of the sample
tray.
Observe the motion of the autosampler and verify that the sample probe
descends at each of the four corners of the autosampler.
ALTERNATIVE:
Use the instrument control software on the host computer, command the
autosampler to move to the sample positions at the left rear, left front, right
rear, and right front of the sample tray.
Peristaltic Pump Test
1
2
From the Autosampler IQ-OQ utility, click Pump On then Pump Off.
Visually verify that the pump turns on and off.
Saving the Test Record
1
From the Autosampler IQ-OQ utility, click Generate.
Include the generated report in your IQ test records.
Clearance Inspection
1
2
3
4
5
Turn the autosampler off.
Load the standards vials into the autosampler tray.
Load the racks with sample vials and place them on the tray.
Visually check that the tops of all the vials are below the bottom of the Z-drive,
and below the bottom of the sample probe when it is in its highest position.
Visually check that there are no obstructions which might block movement of
the autosampler arm or which might tangle the sample transfer tubing as the
autosampler moves.
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Operational Qualification (OQ)
The autosampler is always an element of a larger measurement system.
Furthermore, the autosampler has no operational parameters which can or
should be calibrated. Therefore, OQ should be performed for the measurement
system as a whole rather than for the autosampler by itself.
Where OQ is needed for the autosampler as a part of the larger measurement
system, commonly used tests might include:





Tests of communication and timing between the autosampler and
other system components.
Replicate measurements of samples with two distinct concentrations,
to check that carryover is within the limits required by the
experimental method.
Measurements using blanks, to check for contamination of the sample
flow path.
Measurements of sample flow rate or volume.
Tests to ensure that the instrument control software is directing the
autosampler to draw samples from the correct locations.
Where OQ is needed for the autosampler by itself, the tests are typically a
subset of the IQ tests:





Operating environment checklist
Visual inspection
Communication test
X/Y/Z movement and alignment test
Peristaltic pump test
The OQ report should include information about the configuration of the
autosampler. See the sample OQ checklist on page 55.
Performance Qualification (PQ)
The autosampler is always an element of a larger measurement system.
Furthermore, the autosampler has no operational parameters which can or
should be calibrated. Therefore, Teledyne CETAC Technologies does not specify
tests or acceptance criteria for PQ.
Where PQ is needed, a laboratory should develop requirements which are
relevant to the complete measurement system and the experimental method
which is chosen.
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Autosampler IQ Checklist
Checklist from manufacturer’s Operator’s Manual, Teledyne CETAC
Technologies part number 480215 Rev2.
Instrument Identification
Autosampler model
Autosampler serial number
Location of installation
IQ performed by
Date
Inventory of Supplied Equipment
Description
Page
Pass
Fail
N/A
Autosampler



Power cord with the appropriate connector



Sample probe of appropriate type, with
attached sample tubing



Software and documentation CD



Other items listed on packing list



Pass
Fail
N/A
Comment
Operating Environment Checklist
Description
Page
Space adequate for autosampler, no
mechanical interference for moving parts
15



5 cm clearance for cable egress and power
switch access
15



Sturdy work surface
16



Provisions for liquid waste routing
16



Power outlet has protective ground
connection
16



Power outlet accessible for rapid
disconnection
16



Temperature is 50–95 °F (10–35 °C)
59



Humidity is 20–70% non-condensing
59



Excessive flammable or corrosive vapors are
not present
59



Sources of strong electromagnetic
interference are not present
59



52
Comment
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 4: Verifying Installation (IQ and OQ)
Visual Inspection
Description
Page
Pass
Fail
N/A
No visible leaks in sample tubing



No visible leaks in peristaltic pump tubing



No visible damage to sample probe or rinse
station






No visible moisture condensation in/on body
of autosampler
17
Comment
Installation
Description
Page
Pass
Fail
N/A
Z-drive mounted
21



Z-drive cable attached to rotor
21



Sample probe installed on Z-drive
39



Sample tubing secured to Z-drive cable
39



Source of rinse solution routed to
peristaltic rinse pump
26



Rinse station tubing routed to waste
container
26



Power supply connected to autosampler
42



Communication cable connected between
host computer and autosampler
43



Comment
Communication Test
Description
Page
LED power indicator lamp is on when power
switch is on
Autosampler appears in ASX Dashboard
49
Pass
Fail
N/A






Pass
Fail
N/A



Pass
Fail
N/A
Comment
X/Y/Z Movement and Alignment Test
Description
Page
“4 Corners” moves to all four corners
49
Comment
Peristaltic Pump Test
Description
Page
Peristaltic pump runs upon “Pump On”
50



Peristaltic pump stops upon “Pump Off”
50



Comment
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Chapter 4: Verifying Installation (IQ and OQ)
Clearance Inspection
Description
Page
Pass
Fail
N/A
Height of all standards vials below bottom of
sample probe



Height of all sample vials is below bottom of
sample probe



No obstructions for movement of
autosampler arm or sample transfer tubing



54
Comment
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 4: Verifying Installation (IQ and OQ)
Autosampler OQ Checklist
Checklist from manufacturer’s Operator’s Manual, Teledyne CETAC
Technologies part number 480215 Rev2. OQ should be performed for the
measurement system as a whole; this checklist shows autosampler-related
items which could be incorporated into OQ.
Instrument Identification
Autosampler model
Autosampler serial number
Location of autosampler
OQ performed by
Date
Instrument Configuration
Autosampler personality, if changed from
manufacturer’s default
X-Y axis movement speed
Z axis movement speed
Peristaltic pump speed
Sample probe type
Sample probe tubing length
Rinse pump configuration
 Gravity drain  Pump drain
 Other ______________
Rinse solution in use
Rinse tubing material
Operating Environment Checklist
Description
Page
Pass
Fail
N/A
Space adequate for autosampler, no
mechanical interference for moving parts
15



5 cm clearance for cable egress and power
switch access
15



Sturdy work surface
16



Provisions for liquid waste routing
16



Power outlet has protective ground
connection
16



Power outlet accessible for rapid
disconnection
16



Temperature is 50–95 °F (10–35 °C)
59



Humidity is 20–70% non-condensing
59



Comment
55
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Chapter 4: Verifying Installation (IQ and OQ)
Excessive flammable or corrosive vapors are
not present
59



Sources of strong electromagnetic
interference are not present
59



Pass
Fail
N/A
No visible leaks in sample tubing



No visible deterioration of tubing



No kinks in sample tubing



No visible leaks in peristaltic pump tubing



No visible damage to sample probe or other
components



Pass
Fail
N/A



Visual Inspection
Description
Page
Comment
Installation
Description
Page
Sample probe is of appropriate type for
sample matrix and desired flow rate
Tubing is of appropriate type for sample
matrix and desired flow rate
21



Sample tubing secured to Z-drive cable and is
free of mechanical interferences
39



Source of rinse solution routed to peristaltic
rinse pump
26



Rinse station tubing routed to waste
container
26



Bottom of rinse station waste tube is above
liquid surface in waste container
26



Power supply connected to autosampler
42



Communication cable connected between
host computer and autosampler
43



Pass
Fail
N/A






Comment
Communication Test
Description
Page
LED power indicator lamp is on when power
switch is on
Autosampler appears in ASX Dashboard or
host software
56
49
Comment
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 4: Verifying Installation (IQ and OQ)
X/Y/Z Movement and Alignment Test
Description
Page
“4 Corners” moves to all four corners
49
Pass
Fail
N/A



Pass
Fail
N/A
Comment
Peristaltic Pump Test
Description
Page
Peristaltic pump runs upon “Pump On”
50



Peristaltic pump stops upon “Pump Off”
50



Comment
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58
5 Using the Autosampler
Before using the autosampler, ensure that your lab environment provides
operating conditions that will prolong the life of the autosampler. Once the
proper operating conditions are met, you can arrange the sample vial racks
and start the autosampler sequence run. When you finish using the
autosampler, you may need to flush the rinse station and flow path before
shutting the autosampler down.
Establishing Optimal Operating Conditions
The autosampler operates reliably even under less than ideal conditions. It is
not, however, indestructible. Malfunction or damage can occur if specific
operating conditions are not met. Meeting these conditions requires that you
create the proper lab environment, replace autosampler components that wear
out under normal use, and purchase the appropriate supplies for use with the
autosampler. The following sections explain how to meet these conditions.
NOTE
Damage or malfunction that results from unsatisfactory operating conditions
may constitute misuse and abuse and be excluded from warranty coverage.
Creating the Lab Environment
To create satisfactory operating conditions in your lab environment, follow
these guidelines:



Operate the autosampler in a conventional lab environment where the
temperature is 50–95 °F (10–35 °C), the humidity is 20–70%
non-condensing, and the unit is not exposed to excessive flammable or
corrosive materials. (See also "Environmental Characteristics" on page
93.)
Avoid rough handling of the autosampler. If possible, do not expose the
autosampler to vibration or shock.
Protect the autosampler from long-term exposure to condensation,
corrosive materials, solvent vapor, continual standing liquids, or large
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
CAUTION
spills into the autosampler cabinet or arm. Exposures of this type can
damage the drive mechanisms as well as the electronics.
Observe the same general electrostatic discharge precautions as with any
integrated circuit electronic device. Low humidity environments,
especially when combined with static-generating materials, require
maximum care.
Discharge static buildup and ground to the autosampler base or cabinet before
performing any maintenance. Do not touch or short-circuit contacts on the
communication ports.

Avoid using the autosampler if strong electromagnetic interference, radio
frequency interference, or radioactivity is present. Interference fields can
cause erratic operation of the autosampler. The autosampler might not
function properly if the level of radioactivity is significantly above
background.
Replacing Autosampler Components
The following components wear out under normal use and must be replaced
periodically:


Peristaltic pump tubing
Sample probe
If you fail to replace these components when they deteriorate, the autosampler
will not function properly. For information about replacing autosampler
components, see Chapter 6, “Maintaining the Autosampler.”
Purchasing Supplies
Because the lifespan of the sample and standards vials varies, you should
maintain an adequate supply of spare vials. When you need to purchase
additional supplies, it is extremely important that you choose the appropriate
sizes and materials.
When you purchase vials for samples or standards, make sure they meet the
following requirements:





60
The diameter of the sample vials must matches the rack size you are using.
The diameter of the standards vial must match the rinse tray. The most
common size is a 50 mL, 30 mm diameter, conical-bottom centrifuge vial.
The standards vials must have tapered bottoms to remain properly
positioned in the standards rack. Alternative standards racks are available
to accommodate different vial sizes and arrangements.
The height of the vials must not exceed 125 millimeters.
If purchasing vials which are different from the ones you are currently
using, pay particular attention to the height of the vials. Vials which are too
tall could result in the sample probe crashing into the vials.
The vial material must be compatible with the samples you are analyzing
or the reference standards you are using.
ASX-560 / ASX-280 Autosampler Operator’s Manual
Chapter 5: Using the Autosampler
Use of mismatched sample vials and sample vial racks may result in malfunctions
or sample spills. Be sure your vials meet the given requirements.
CAUTION
To order additional supplies, refer to the CETAC Accessories and Supplies
Catalog for the autosampler, available on the CETAC Web site, www.cetac.com.
Arranging the Sample Vial Racks
You can change the arrangement of the sample vial racks to meet your needs.
The autosampler accommodates many different sample vial racks, including
(but not limited to) racks with 21, 24, 40, 60, or 90 positions. The autosampler
physically accepts any size combination and arrangement of sample vial racks.
However, you can use racks of mixed sizes only if the host computer’s software
enables you to do so.
For more information about placing sample vial racks in the sample tray, see
page 38.
Incorrectly defining the position count in the instrument control software can
result in sample spills and invalid analysis results.
CAUTION
Starting the Autosampler
Once you arrange the sample vial racks and ensure that the arrangement is
correctly defined in the software, you can start the autosampler and let it run
until the sampling sequence is finished.
PINCH HAZARD
Keep fingers, hair, and loose clothing away from the moving parts of the
autosampler.
WARNING
1
2
Ensure that the rinse station is properly connected.
3
Visually inspect the sample area for misplaced vials and obstructions. Also
make sure that any caps have been removed from the vials.
4
The LED power indicator lights up when the power is on.
Turn the autosampler power switch on.
Purge air from the rinse system by placing the rinse solution uptake tubing in
the rinse solution source and running the rinse solution through the rinse
station.
Ensure there are no air bubbles visible in the rinse uptake tubing before you
run samples with the autosampler.
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NOTE FOR AQUEOUS APPLICATIONS
If you are flushing the rinse system during initial startup, first use a 2% nitric
acid solution as the rinse agent. Flush the rinse system a second time using
deionized water as the rinse agent.
5
In the instrument control software, start a sampling sequence.
The autosampler will run until it reaches the end of the sampling sequence.
Shutting Down the Autosampler
1
To shut down the autosampler, complete the following steps:
2
If you use a rinse solution other than deionized water, flush the rinse system
with deionized water before shutting down the autosampler. For more
information, see “Flushing the Rinse Station and Flow Path” on page 62.
3
Drain the rinse system by removing the rinse solution uptake tubing from the
rinse solution source. Let the peristaltic pump run until all solution drains
from the tube attached to the rinse station outlet.
Turn off the autosampler power switch.
If you will be performing maintenance, unplug the power cord either at the
power supply or at the wall outlet.
Flushing the Rinse Station and Flow Path
Generally, you can operate the autosampler without flushing the rinse system.
Under normal circumstances, you can simply drain the rinse system prior to
shutting down the autosampler. However, you need to flush the rinse station
and flow path under two circumstances:


During initial startup of the autosampler after installation.
After the use of strong bases, acids, or organic solvents as rinse agents.
Flushing the rinse system during initial startup of the autosampler removes
any contaminants that could cause interference during sample analysis.
Flushing the rinse system after using strong rinse agents prevents degradation
and failure of the flow path components.
1
To flush the rinse station and flow path, complete the following steps:
Insert the rinse uptake tubing into a deionized water source.
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Chapter 5: Using the Autosampler
NOTE
If you are flushing the rinse system during initial startup, first use a 2% nitric
acid solution as the rinse agent, followed by deionized water.
2
Run the rinse solution through the rinse station and flow path for 5 to 10
minutes.
Once you flush the rinse system, you can proceed with the sampling sequence
or drain the rinse system as part of the shutdown procedure.
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This page is intentionally blank.
64
6
Using the Autosampler
Utility
The ASX Dashboard software is supplied on the included CD. Other software on
the CD includes the C-Term program for communicating directly with the
autosampler and a USB driver.
The ASX Dashboard software includes the following utilities:




Autosampler IQ-OQ assists with qualification (IQ and OQ) by performing
a set of predefined movements.
Log Extractor saves error codes and operating history information so that
it can be sent to CETAC support.
Firmware Updater provides a way to program the autosampler with new
firmware. Changing the firmware can give the autosampler a new
“personality” to make it compatible with certain analytical instruments.
Note that you should connect the autosampler with a USB cable, not an
RS-232 serial cable, to update firmware.
Autosampler Config lets you set the X-Y-Z motion speed and peristaltic
pump speed.
This chapter provides instructions for installing and starting the ASX
Dashboard. The Help menu within each utility provides additional information.
Installing the ASX Dashboard Software
1
2
On the included CD, find the DashboardInstall folder.
Double-click setup.exe.
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Chapter 6: Using the Autosampler Utility
Starting the ASX Dashboard
1
2
Check that the autosampler is connected to the PC and that it is turned on.
3
Figure 6-1 ASX Dashboard Icon
Open the tool.
Click on the utility you wish to run.
Figure 6-2 ASX Dashboard—Main Screen
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Chapter 6: Using the Autosampler Utility
Changing the Movement Speed and Rinse Pump
Speed
1
2
3
4
On the ASX Dashboard, click Autosampler Config.
Select an autosampler (if more than one autosampler is connected).
Configure the motion speed and pump speed as needed.
Click Set Changes to store the settings in the autosampler's nonvolatile
memory.
Figure 6-3 Autosampler Config
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Chapter 6: Using the Autosampler Utility
Dual Rinse
For autosamplers with a dual rinse station, check the box to enable dual rinse.
When dual rinse is enabled, the probe will go to the first rinse station and
remain there for the number of seconds specified for Rinse 1. The probe will
then move to the second rinse station and remain there for the number of
seconds specified for Rinse 2 or until commanded to move. See Dual Rinse
Timing.
Dual Rinse Timing
When dual rinse support is enabled, the rinse cycle consists of three actions:
Step
How Long It Takes
Pre-rinse, at rinse port #1
Set by entering a value in the Pre-Rinse
Time field in the ASX Dashboard.
Movement to rinse port #2
About 2 seconds.
Second rinse, at rinse port #2
Set by entering a total rinse time in the
ICP/ICP-MS software. The time at rinse
port #2 is the total rinse time, minus the
time already spent at rinse port #1 and
moving between the rinse ports.
NOTE
Always set the total rinse time in the ICP/ICP-MS software to be greater than
the Pre-Rinse Time plus 2 seconds.
Pump Speed
When using dual rinse, you should set the pump speed for a flow rate of at
least 30 mL/min.
Figure 6-4 Autosampler Config—Settings for Dual Rinse
68
7 Maintaining the
Autosampler
Routine maintenance of the autosampler consists of daily and weekly cleaning
of specific autosampler components. Routine maintenance also includes
checking for leaks or other damage. Additional periodic maintenance tasks
may be required, including replacement of the following autosampler
components: peristaltic pump tubing, sample probe, rinse station, rinse station
tubing, and sample tray.
Discharge static buildup and ground to the autosampler base or cabinet before
performing any maintenance. Do not touch or short-circuit the contacts on the
communication ports.
CAUTION
Cleaning the Autosampler
Cleaning the autosampler is the primary maintenance task you perform. A
dirty autosampler causes increased wear and reduces the autosampler’s life.
You must clean the autosampler both daily and weekly to prevent damage and
extend its life. It is especially important to clean up spills and remove
contaminants, such as abrasives, from the autosampler’s moving parts. It may
also be necessary to chemically neutralize spills. The following sections explain
daily and weekly cleaning procedures.
Daily External Cleaning
1
Use of the autosampler often results in spills on autosampler components such
as the sample tray. Good maintenance requires that you clean the autosampler
daily. To do so, complete the following steps:
2
For information about shutting down the autosampler, see page 62.
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
Wipe the sample tray, autosampler cabinet, and autosampler arm using a towel
dampened with a lab-grade cleaning agent.
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CAUTION
Do not allow the cleaning agent to come into contact with the lead screws. Also,
never lubricate either of the two lead screws.
CAUTION
Do not clean with carbon tetrachloride.
3
4
Wipe again with a towel dampened with clear water.
This process removes any remaining contaminants.
Dry the sample tray, autosampler cabinet, and autosampler arm using a dry
towel.
The autosampler must be thoroughly dry before you turn the power on.
Weekly Cleaning
1
Although cleaning it daily removes spills and contaminants from most of the
autosampler components, it is necessary to clean the autosampler more
thoroughly approximately once a week. To do so, complete the following steps:
2
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
3
For information about removing the sample tray, see “Replacing the Sample
Tray” later in this chapter.
Remove the sample tray.
Wipe loose particles off the Y-axis lead screw with a dry, lint-free cloth.
The Y-axis lead screw is the large metal screw located inside the autosampler
arm.
Figure 7-1 Y-Axis Lead Screw
Never lubricate the lead screws. The lead screw nuts are compounded with a dry
film lubricant. Oiling the lead screws will cause gumming, galling, and binding of
the moving parts.
CAUTION
4
Wipe the autosampler exterior and base until they are clean, using a towel
dampened with a lab-grade cleaning agent, followed by a towel dampened
with clear water.
Pay special attention to the Y-axis slider block and the autosampler arm.
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5
Wash the sample tray in a warm detergent solution.
6
Make sure you remove all spills and stains.
7
Ensure that the sample tray is thoroughly dry.
8
Rinse the sample tray with water and then dry it.
Replace the sample tray on the autosampler base.
Clean the sample probe.
Cleaning the Sample Probe
1
2
3
Moisten a Kimwipes wiper with 10% HNO3 and wipe the probe to remove any
aqueous or inorganic contamination from the surface.
Then moisten a new Kimwipes wiper with a chromatography grade solvent
such as n-propanol, isopropanol, or hexane and wipe the probe again to
remove any oil.
Let the probe air dry.
Be careful not to touch the probe without gloves—residue from handling the
probe can cause the surface tension properties of the probe surface to change
and can lead to material dripping off the probe during use. Periodic cleaning
may be necessary depending on the application.
Checking for Leaks
1
2
You should regularly check all tubing for leaks.
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
Visually inspect the sample probe, peristaltic pump tubing, and rinse station
and tubing for leaks or signs of deterioration.
If you detect a leak or other damage to an autosampler component, you must
replace it. For more information, see the appropriate section in this chapter.
Replacing Peristaltic Pump Tubing
Routine maintenance of the autosampler includes replacement of the
peristaltic pump tubing. This tubing will probably be the most frequently
replaced item on the autosampler. If you use strong bases, acids, or solvents as
rinse agents, the tubing may break down rapidly.
The tubing is installed as a single cartridge. The plates at the ends of the
cartridge are color coded according to the tubing size and material.
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Chapter 7: Maintaining the Autosampler
Figure 7-2 Peristaltic Pump Tubing Cartridge
ID (mm)
Endplate Color
2, 2
Black
2, 3
Red
3, 3
White
Table 4: Sample Probe Sizes and Color Coding
To replace the peristaltic pump tubing, complete the following steps:
PINCH HAZARD
Turn off power before servicing the peristaltic pump or pump tubing.
WARNING
1
2
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
3
Figure 7-3 Releasing the Peristaltic Pump Shoe
Release the pressure shoe by lifting the handle. The shoe is a flexible band
which is held in place by spring-loaded handles.
Lift the end of the tubing cartridge straight up.
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Chapter 7: Maintaining the Autosampler
4
5
Figure 7-4 Removing the Peristaltic Pump Tubing Cartridge
Replace the tubing by sliding the plates on the end of the tubing cartridge into
the slots in the pump.
Reinstall the pressure shoe.
Aligning the Autosampler
An autosampler may need alignment if:
 A motor or leadscrew has been replaced.
 The autosampler has been subjected to extreme shock or vibration.
 The probe is not centered over the rinse station or over any of the sample
vials.
An alignment utility is provided on the CD. For instructions, see the Alignment
Guide on the CD or the online help in the alignment utility. Note that there are
several kinds of alignment, some of which can be performed with the software
alone, and some which require the use of special tools or fixtures.
Checking the Home Position Alignment
1
2
3
4
5
6
Make sure the autosampler is turned off.
Turn the power on. This will move the sample probe to the home position.
Turn the power back off.
Turn the rotor to move the sample probe down into the rinse station.
Visually check that the sample probe is centered in the rinse station.
If the sample probe is not centered, use the alignment utility to adjust the
home position.
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Setting the Z-Axis Travel
1
To set the vertical travel of the Z-drive, complete the following steps:
2
Loosen the clamp on the Z-axis rotor.
3
Figure 7-5 Sample Probe at Top Position With Gap
Adjust the Z-axis slider (with attached sample probe) so that the slider is
approximately 1-3 millimeters below the top of Z-axis drive.
Rotate the Z-axis rotor clockwise as far as it will go.
Z-drive held at top
position
Rotate clockwise
4
Figure 7-6 Z-Drive Rotor
5
Ensure that the Z-drive cable is fully located in the rotor clamp groove.
Otherwise the cable will slip, resulting in no movement of the Z-axis slider.
Finger tighten the rotor clamp.
Manually rotate the Z-axis rotor back and forth several times and check for full
unhindered movement of the Z-axis slider.
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6
CAUTION
7
Loosen the thumbscrews on the sample probe.
8
Figure 7-7 Adjusting the Probe Height
With the Z-axis in the top position, hold the Z-axis slider and move the sample
probe up and down until the tip of the probe is level with the bottom of the ZDrive.
Tighten the thumbscrews on the sample probe.
Do not move the sample probe directly as damage may result.
Replacing the Z-Drive
These instructions assume you are installing a new, standard-model Z-drive.
How Does the Z-Drive Work?
The Z-drive is driven by a length of cable. A rotor on the back of the
autosampler moves the cable, which slides the probe up and down on the Zdrive. A mounting block on the back of the autosampler pivots back and forth
to allow free motion of the cable while preventing the cable from kinking.
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Spiral Wrap
Sleeve (Protects
Z-Drive Cable)
Z-Axis Slider
Y-Axis Slider Block
Home Flag
Nut
Z-Drive Cable
How Should I Care for the Z-Drive?
Do not allow the cable to bend sharply. Avoid pushing up on the slider or pushing
on the Z-drive cable.
CAUTION
Do not tighten the thumbscrews or nuts with anything other than your fingers.
Removing the Old Z-Drive
Ensure the power cord is disconnected before proceeding with installation.
WARNING
1
2
3
Place the autosampler on a flat surface and turn the unit off.
Remove the two thumbscrews from the Y-axis slider block.
Remove the cable from the rotor by loosening the thumbscrew on the rotor
and also removing the two thumbscrews from the guide block. Remove the old
Z-drive from the arm by pulling the whole Z-drive forward and off the
autosampler arm.
Installing the New Z-Drive
1
Remove Z-drive from the bag.
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2
3
Slide the Z-drive onto the y-arm until the two holes in the Y-axis slider block
align with the matching holes in the Y-axis carriage.
Figure 7-8 Sliding the Z-Drive Onto the Arm
Secure the Z-drive to the carriage using the two thumbscrews.
Tighten the thumbscrews using your fingers.
4
Figure 7-9 Securing Z-Drive Onto the Arm
Feed the cable through the rear guide block and around the rotor, then tighten
the nut to secure the cable sleeve to the guide block.
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5
6
7
Figure 7-10 Guide Block with Nut
Turn the rotor clockwise as far as it will go.
Finish sliding the cable around the rotor on the back of the autosampler.
Loosen the thumbscrew on the rotor to allow the cable to pass through the
clamp, with about 2 mm of cable extending past the clamp.
Figure 7-11 Position of Cable on Rotor
Verify that there is a small gap between the Z-axis slider and cap at the top of
the Z-drive (approximately 1-3 mm). Adjust the cable a bit if necessary.
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8
Figure 7-12 Sample Probe at Top Position With Gap
Hold the cable flat against the rotor and secure the cable by tightening
thumbscrew on the rotor. The thumbscrew should be as tight as possible using
just your fingers.
Figure 7-13 Securing Cable to Rotor
9
CAUTION
The cable is pre-cut to the proper length and does not need to be trimmed
when properly installed.
Rotate the rotor back and forth to ensure that it moves freely. If there is
excessive friction, check that the full width of the cable is under the clamp. Also
check that the end of the cable is not rubbing on the shroud around the rotor.
Never push the Z-axis slider to move it up or down. Pushing on the Z-axis slider can
kink the drive cable. Instead, rotate the Z-drive rotor on the back of the
autosampler.
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Z-Drive
Rotate to Move the
Z-Drive
Figure 7-14 Z-Drive Rotor
10 Install a sample probe (page 39).
11 Use the utility software to align the probe over the rinse station.
12 Use the utility or your instrument control software to move the probe to
several rack positions to make sure the probe is hitting positions correctly.
Replacing the Rinse Station
1
If the rinse station tubing is typically exposed to deionized water as a rinsing
agent, you do not need to replace it often. However, if you use other rinsing
agents, such as acids or solvents, the tubing is likely to deteriorate more
rapidly. To replace the rinse station tubing, complete the following steps:
2
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
3
Moving the autosampler arm ensures that the sample probe will not be
damaged while you replace the rinse station tubing.
4
Apply only a linear force when removing the tubing to prevent the fittings from
breaking.
5
6
Move the autosampler arm 20 to 30 centimeters away from the home position
by gently pushing it.
Disconnect the rinse solution uptake and drain tubing.
Remove the rinse station from the mounting post by lifting the rinse station
straight up.
Push the new rinse station straight down on the mounting post.
Reconnect the rinse solution uptake and drain tubing.
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Replacing the Sample Tray
1
2
Cleaning the sample tray each week extends its life and makes frequent
replacement unnecessary. However, if the sample tray needs to be replaced,
complete the following steps:
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
3
Remove all sample vial racks.
4
Moving the arm ensures that the sample probe assembly will not be damaged
while you replace the sample tray.
5
6
7
8
Move the Y-arm 20 to 30 centimeters away from the home position by gently
pushing it.
Remove the rinse station from the mounting post by lifting the rinse station
straight up.
Lift the old tray from the base of the autosampler.
Install the new tray.
Move the arm back to the home position.
Replace the sample vial racks.
Replacing the Home Flag/Guide Plate
The autosampler uses a Y-axis home position flag to verify that the Z-drive is
fully in the home position (over the rinse station). Some applications use a
version of this part which also extends forward to provide a guide plate for the
sample probe.
1
2
3
4
The home flag can be replaced if it is damaged. You will need a short-handled
slotted screwdriver.
Shut down and unplug the autosampler.
Remove the screw.
Replace the home flag.
Replace the screw.
The home flag does not need to be adjusted or trimmed.
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Screw
Home Flag
Figure 7-15 Home Flag
82
8 Troubleshooting the
Autosampler
In the event that the product does not function properly, isolate the problem to
determine if it originates in the host computer, the analytical instrument, or
the autosampler.
This chapter explains how to troubleshoot autosampler problems. If you
cannot solve a problem using the steps given in this chapter, you should
contact Teledyne CETAC Technologies Customer Service and Support.
Power System Problems
1
A possible cause of system malfunction is a problem in the power system. If the
system is not functional, it is possible that it is not receiving power. If this is the
case, the LED power indicator light on the autosampler will be off. To
troubleshoot this problem, complete the following steps in sequence until the
problem is solved:
2
Check that the power switch on the autosampler is turned on.
3
If the cable is plugged in, ensure that it is not damaged in any way.
Check that the power cord is plugged in firmly between the power input on the
autosampler and the external power supply and also between the power
supply and the wall outlet.
Check that the LED on the power supply is illuminated.
If the LED is not illuminated, check the wall outlet using a device approved for
that purpose.
If the wall outlet is working and the voltage is acceptable, unplug the external
power supply from the autosampler, but leave it plugged into the wall.

If the LED is not lit, the power supply is faulty and requires replacement.
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
4
5
If the LED is lit when unplugged from the autosampler but turns off when
plugged into the autosampler, the autosampler may have an internal short
and requires repair.
Check the wall outlet.
If the external power supply LED is illuminated while plugged into the
autosampler, cycle the autosampler power switch. The autosampler sample
probe should move up and the autosampler should initialize. After
initialization, the power LED on the front of the autosampler should light up.

If the cords are properly connected, power is available, the external power
supply is good, and the unit still does not initiate, continue
troubleshooting.
Communications Interface Problems
Operation of the autosampler is directed by the host computer. A malfunction
can indicate a problem with the RS-232 or USB cable (connected between the
host computer and the autosampler) or with the configuration of the software
on the host computer. The following sections explain how to troubleshoot
these problems.
RS-232 Serial Cable Problems
1
Check the RS-232 cable to ensure it is plugged in to the COM1 port on the
autosampler.
If the cable is plugged in, ensure that it is tightened properly and not damaged
in any way.
2
Note that the cable must be plugged into the COM1 port, not the COM2 port.
3
If the cable is plugged in, ensure that it is tightened properly and not damaged
in any way.
Check the host computer to ensure that the RS-232 cable is connected to the
appropriate COM port.
Check the serial port settings (9600, N, 8, 1).
If the wrong port or baud rate is selected, change the configuration.
USB Cable Problems
1
2
Either RS-232 or USB may be used, but not both at once.
Check that the USB cable to ensure it is plugged into the port on the
autosampler.
Check the host computer to ensure that the USB cable is connected to the
appropriate USB port.
Note that if you move the USB cable to a different USB port, the driver may
assign a new COM port number.
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3
4
Check that the USB cable is not damaged in any way.
Check the host computer to ensure that the USB drivers are installed for USB
operation of the autosampler.
Load the proper USB drivers to the host computer from the CD that was
provided with the autosampler.
Software Configuration Problems
1
If the communication cable is connected properly and the system is still not
functioning with the instrument control software, ensure that the software is
communicating correctly with the autosampler. To do so, use the supplied ASX
Dashboard software (page 65).
2
Connect to the autosampler using the Autosampler IQ-OQ utility which in the
ASX Dashboard.
3
If the commands have no effect, and a USB connection is being used, check that
the autosampler is plugged into the same USB port as it was when the driver
software was configured. Unlike many consumer devices, each USB port used
as a “virtual” COM port must be individually configured.
Toggle the pump on and off..
If manual controls work, but the autosampler does not operate with the
instrument control software, carefully check that the software is configured to
use the COM port where the autosampler is plugged in.
If a USB connection is used, and if the manual commands work, but the
instrument control software fails to operate the autosampler, check that the
same COM port number is configured in the software and in the USB device
driver.
Z-Drive Problems
1
An autosampler malfunction may be caused by a problem in the Z-drive
assembly. You can easily determine that a malfunction is related to the Z-drive
if you hear a loud chattering noise when the autosampler power switch is on
or if the sample probe is not moving. To troubleshoot Z-drive problems,
complete the following steps:
2
If the Z-drive is not installed, see page 21.
Ensure that the Z-drive is installed correctly.
Check the Y-axis home position flag.
When the Z-drive returns to the home position, the flag should enter the
corresponding slot.
3
If the flag is damaged, replace it.
Ensure the sample probe is moving freely.
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Gently rotate the rotor on the back of the autosampler to move the sample
probe up and down. If the sample probe is binding, free the sample probe
assembly.
NOTE:
If you cannot free the Z-drive, you will need to replace it. See page 75 for
information about mounting a new Z-drive. You can order a new Z-drive from
Teledyne CETAC Technologies.
4
5
Inspect the Z-drive cable for sharp bends, kinks, or rough spots.
If the cable is damaged, replace the Z-drive.
Check the home position alignment (see page 73).
Contamination and Carryover Problems
1
2
3
4
5
6
Check the rinse station tubing. Rinse solution should flow upward from the
bottom of the rinse station.
Check the end of the rinse solution drain tube. It should be above the surface of
the liquid in the waste container.
If recycling the rinse solution, check whether the solution needs to be changed.
Examine the sample transfer tubing. Make sure that it is as short as possible
while still free to move. Make sure that there are no unnecessary fittings on the
sample transfer tubing—fittings can create small reservoirs where
contaminants can hide.
Watch for liquid dripping from the sample probe as it moves. It may be
necessary to slow the autosampler down to reduce droplet shedding. This can
be adjusted using the ASX Dashboard utility (see page 67). Dripping may also
occur if the sample probe is contaminated (see page 71 for cleaning
instructions).
Check that the sample probe remains in the rinse station long enough. This can
be adjusted using the Autosampler Config utility in the ASX Dashboard (see
page 67).
Saving a Log File
1
2
The autosampler records error codes and configuration changes in its
nonvolatile memory. Use the Log Extractor to save the autosampler log as a
text file. This is mainly useful when working with CETAC Customer Support to
diagnose a problem with the autosampler or system configuration.
On the ASX Dashboard, click Log Extractor.
Enter your name and contact information, which will appear in the log file.
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3
4
Click Retrieve Error Log.
Choose where to save the log file.
Using the C-Term™ Terminal Program
The autosampler can be controlled by sending it simple commands. This can
be helpful for troubleshooting. You can use any terminal emulation program.
This chapter explains how to operate a CETAC autosampler using the C-Term
terminal program, which is provided on the software CD.
C-Term is a simple terminal program developed to validate the installation and
functionality of various CETAC devices. C-Term communicates through a serial
(RS-232) port on the host computer. If the autosampler is connected to a USB
port, the device driver will create a virtual serial port.
Installing C-Term
1
2
On the included CD, find the C-Term folder.
Double-click CTerm_setup.exe.
Starting C-Term
1
2
3
Check that the autosampler is connected to the PC.
Close any programs which might be communicating with the autosampler.
On the Start Menu, click All Programs | Teledyne CETAC Technologies | Support
Tools | C-Term.
Overview of the C-Term Window
Copy
Paste
Clear Terminal Buffer
Disconnect
Connect
COM Port & Status
Baud Rate
Figure 8-1 C-Term Window
Commands typed in this window are sent to the CETAC device connected to the
opened port. The typed commands will appear in light green in the terminal
buffer. Responses from the autosampler will appear in red. Non-printing
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characters such as carriage returns will appear as ASCII hexadecimal numbers
surrounded by square brackets; for example, [0D] is the carriage return
character.
Configuring C-Term
1
2
By default, C-Term attempts to open COM1 the first time it is executed. If the
autosampler is connected to another COM port, configure C-Term to use the
desired port.
On the Tools menu, click Setup Serial Port.
Select the desired COM port and click OK.
NOTE
The autosampler communicates at 9600 baud (which is the default.)
Only installed COM ports, including USB virtual COM ports, will appear in the
Comm Port menu.
Autosampler Commands
The following commands are helpful for verifying autosampler operation. This
is not a comprehensive list of commands.
Command
VER
HOME
ABS=x-y-z
PMP ON
PMP OFF
RINSE
DOWN=n
UP
CAUTION
Table 8-1 Autosampler Commands
Description
Returns firmware version.
Returns probe to home position.
Moves to position defined in steps of
0.1 mm from the home position.
Example: ABS=1000-1000-0 moves
to X=100 mm, Y=100 mm, Z=top.
Turn the peristaltic pump on.
Turn the peristaltic pump off.
Moves probe to the rinse position,
extends and retracts the probe 3 times
and starts rinse pump. Stays in down
position with pump running. UP,PMP
OFF stops the pump.
Moves the z-axis down by n mm.
Moves z-axis to the top position.
Make sure that there is enough space for the probe to move. Equipment damage
can occur if the probe collides with an obstruction such as a vial or rack.
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Returning the Product to CETAC for Service
Refer to the following information if you need to return the product to
Teledyne CETAC Technologies for service.
Shipping the Product
Follow these guidelines when shipping the product:




Use the original packing materials. If the original shipping materials are
not available, place a generous amount of shock-absorbing material
around the instrument and place it in a box that does not allow movement
during shipping. Seal the box securely.
Contact Teledyne CETAC Technologies before shipping the product.
Pre-pay all shipping expenses including adequate insurance.
Write the following information on a tag and attach it to the product:






Name and address of the owner
Product model number and serial number
Description of service required or failure indications
Mark the shipping container as FRAGILE.
In all correspondence, refer to the instrument by model name or number
and full serial number.
Do not return products which are contaminated by radioactive
materials, infectious agents, or other materials constituting health
hazards to CETAC employees.
Product Warranty Statement
NOTE
Contact Teledyne CETAC Technologies or refer to the warranty card which came
with your product for the exact terms of your warranty. The following copy is
provided for your convenience, but warranty terms may be different for your
purchase or may have changed after this manual was published.
TELEDYNE CETAC TECHNOLOGIES warrants automation instruments for (2)
two years from the date of shipment. Any CETAC manufactured unit sold
directly to the End-User found in reasonable judgment of CETAC to be defective
in material or workmanship will be repaired by CETAC without charge for
parts and labor. Only CETAC manufactured automation instruments are
covered by the (2) two year warranty. For a complete listing of our Automation
products please visit our web site at www.cetac.com and follow the
Automation link.
The unit, including any defective part, must be returned to CETAC within the
warranty period. The expense of returning the unit to CETAC for warranty
service will be paid for by the buyer. CETAC’s responsibility in respect to
warranty claims is limited to making the required repairs or replacements, and
no claim of breach of warranty shall be cause for cancellation or recession of
the contract of sale of any unit.
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Products may not be returned which are contaminated by radioactive
materials, infectious agents or other materials constituting health hazards to
CETAC employees.
This warranty does not cover any unit that has been subject to misuse, neglect,
negligence or accident. The warranty does not apply to any damage to the unit
that is the result of improper installation or maintenance, or to any unit that
has been operated or maintained in any way contrary to the operating or
maintenance instructions as specified in the CETAC Instruction and Operations
Manual. The warranty does not cover any unit that has been altered or
modified so as to change its intended use. Any attempt to repair or alter any
CETAC unit by anyone other than by CETAC authorized personnel or agents
will void this warranty.
In addition, the warranty does not extend to the repairs made necessary by the
use of parts, accessories, or fluids which are either incompatible with the unit
or adversely affect its operation, performance or durability.
CETAC reserves the right to change or improve the design of any unit without
assuming any obligation to modify any unit previously manufactured.
THE FOREGOING EXPRESS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
CETAC’S OBLIGATION UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS STRICTLY AND
EXCLUSIVELY LIMITED TO THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF DEFECTIVE
PARTS, AND CETAC DOES NOT ASSUME OR AUTHORIZE ANYONE TO ASSUME
FOR THEM ANY OTHER OBLIGATION.
CETAC ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INCIDENTAL CONSEQUENTIAL OR
OTHER DAMAGES (EVEN IF ADVISED OF SUCH POSSIBILITY), INCLUDING BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OR DAMAGE OF PROPERTY, LOSS OF REVENUE, LOSS
OF USE OF THE UNIT, LOSS OF TIME, OR INCONVENIENCE.
This warranty and all matters arising pursuant of it shall be governed by the
laws of the State of Nebraska, United States.
Returned Product Procedures
Claims for shipment damage (evident or concealed) must be filed with the
carrier by the buyer. CETAC must be notified within ninety (90) days of
shipment of incorrect materials. No product may be returned, whether in
warranty or out of warranty, without first obtaining approval from CETAC. No
replacements will be provided, nor repairs made, for products returned
without such approval. Any returned product must be accompanied by a
return authorization number. The expense of returning the unit to CETAC for
service will be paid by the buyer. The status of any product returned later than
thirty (30) days after issuance of a return authorization number will be subject
to review. Shipment of repaired products will generally be made forty-eight
(48) hours after the receipt.
Do not return products which are contaminated by radioactive materials,
infectious agents, or other materials constituting health hazards to CETAC
employees.
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Returned Product Warranty Determination
After CETAC’s examination, warranty or out of warranty status will be
determined. If a warranted defect exists, the product will be repaired at no
charge and shipped prepaid back to the buyer. If the buyer desires an air
freight return, the product will be shipped collect. Warranty repairs do not
extend the original warranty period.
If an out of warranty defect exists, the buyer shall be notified of the repair cost.
At such time the buyer must issue a valid purchase order to cover the cost of
repair and freight, or authorize the products to be shipped back as is, at the
buyer’s expense. Failure to obtain a purchase order number approval within
fifteen (15) days of notification will result in the products being returned as is,
at the buyer’s expense.
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Chapter 9: Safety and Regulatory Information
9 Safety and Regulatory
Information
Review this product and related documentation to familiarize with safety
markings and instructions before you operate the instrument.
Characteristics
Environmental Characteristics
These environmental characteristics indicate the conditions for safe
operation. See “Establishing Optimal Operating Conditions” on page 59 for the
recommended environment for the best performance.
Operating Temperature
+5° C to +40° C (+41° F to +104° F)
Non-Operating Temperature
+0° C to +55° C (+32° to +131° F)
Operating Altitude
Up to 2,000 m (6,562 ft)
Operating Relative Humidity
0% to 80% non-condensing for
temperatures up to 31° C, decreasing
linearly to 50% at 40° C
Non-Operating Relative Humidity
0% to 95% non-condensing
Pollution Degree
Pollution Degree 2
Normally no pollution or only dry, nonconductive pollution occurs. The
pollution has no influence. Occasionally,
however, a temporary conductivity
caused by condensation may be
expected.
Table 2: Environmental Characteristics
For indoor use only.
Avoid sudden, extreme temperature changes which could cause condensation
on circuit boards in the product.
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See page 12 for information on chemical compatibility.
Electrical Characteristics
Power requirements
Power Supply
Input:
AC Voltage, Frequency, and Current
100-240 V ~
47-63 Hz
1.07 A
Installation Category: CAT II (Line voltage in appliance and
to wall outlet)
Output:
24 V DC, 3.33 A
Autosampler
Input:
DC Voltage and Current
24 V
3.33 A
Installation Category: CAT I (Mains isolated)
Use only with the provided power supply.
Table 3: Power Requirements
Input and output connectors
COM 1
DB-9 RS-232 serial connection to a controller PC. (max ±12 VDC,
8 mA)
COM 2
DB-9 RS-232 serial connection to accessories or instruments. (max
±12 VDC, 8 mA)
USB
USB connection to a controller PC. (max 5 VDC)
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Safety Notices
WARNING
INJURY HAZARD
If the equipment is used in a manner not specified by Teledyne CETAC
Technologies, the protection provided the equipment may be impaired.
Repair or service that this not covered in this manual should only be
performed by qualified personnel.
Power Cord Set Requirements
The power cord set supplied with your instrument meets the requirements of
the country where you purchased the instrument. Power is supplied to the
autosampler through the included 24 V power supply.
Power Cord Safety Maintenance
The operator should check the power/signal supply cord condition. The
equipment should not be operated if the mains inlet is cracked or broken. Any
obvious damage to the case (from a drop or fall) should be checked by service
personnel for loose or damaged parts. See individual parts lists for approved
replacement parts.
Mains Disconnect
WARNING
The power switch on the rear panel is not the mains disconnect. Power mains
disconnect is accomplished by unplugging the power cord at the power supply
or at the wall outlet. Ensure the power cord is easily accessible and removable,
in the event of an emergency which requires immediate disconnection.
SHOCK HAZARD
Ensure that power cord is disconnected before removal of any covers.
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Cleaning Instructions
For additional cleaning information, see “cleaning” in the index.
1
2
3
4
WARNING
To clean the exterior surfaces of the instrument, complete the following steps:
Shut down and unplug the instrument.
Wipe the instrument exterior surfaces only using a towel dampened with a
lab-grade cleaning agent.
Repeat step 2, using a towel dampened with clear water.
Dry the instrument exterior using a dry towel.
SHOCK HAZARD
Do not allow any liquid to enter the instrument cabinet other than as
intended through the specified tubing, or come into contact with any
electrical components. The instrument must be thoroughly dry before you
reconnect power, or turn the instrument on.
Mechanical Hazards
If you insert any part of your body between the moving parts of the
autosampler, you could be injured. Figure 9-1 shows the location of potential
hazards.
1
1
2
WARNING
Figure 9-1 Overview of the Mechanical Hazards of an Autosampler
1 - PINCH HAZARD
Keep fingers, hair, and loose clothing away from the moving parts of the
autosampler.
2 - PUNCTURE/INJECTION HAZARD
Keep hands away from the probe while the autosampler is operating.
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Operating Environment
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD
To reduce the risk of fire hazard and electrical shock, do not expose the
unit to rain or humidity. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, do not open
the cabinet. All maintenance is to be performed by an Authorized CETAC
Service Provider.
Protection provided by the equipment may be impaired if the equipment is
used in a manner not specified by the manufacturer.
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD
Equipment is not intended for wet locations. Miscellaneous liquids in the
equipment could cause hazardous conditions.
WARNING
EXPLOSION HAZARD
Do not operate in an explosive atmosphere.
WARNING
CHEMICAL HAZARDS
Learn about the chemicals which will be used in and near the autosampler,
and observe the necessary precautions. Always use appropriate personal
protective equipment, including protective eyewear.
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Chapter 9: Safety and Regulatory Information
Explanation of Caution and Warning Notices
Warning symbol marked on equipment. This symbol means “Attention! Refer
to the manual.”
Crush Hazard / Pinch Point – Keep hands clear of moving parts. X, Y, Z axis
movement may crush hand.
WARNING
The WARNING notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure,
practice, or the like, that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could
result in personal injury. Do not proceed beyond a WARNING notice until
the indicated conditions are fully understood
CAUTION
The CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure, practice,
or the like, that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in personal
injury. Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION notice until the indicated conditions are
fully understood and met.
Electromagnetic Interference
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (FCC) NOTICE
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a commercial installation.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential environment is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
expense.
MODIFICATIONS
The FCC requires the user to be notified that any changes or modifications made to this device that
are not expressly approved by Teledyne CETAC Technologies may void the user's authority to
operate the equipment.
CABLES
Connections to this device must be made with shielded cables with metallic RFI/EMI connector
hoods to maintain compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations.
CANADIAN NOTICE
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital
apparatus as set out in the interference-causing equipment standard entitled "Digital Apparatus"
ICES-001 of the Department of Communications.
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Chapter 9: Safety and Regulatory Information
AVIS CANADIEN
Cet appareil numerique respecte les limites de bruits radioelectriques applicables aux appareils
numeriques de Classe A prescrites dans la norme sur le materiel brouilleur: "Appareils
Numeriques," NMB-001 edictee par le ministre des Communications.
Explanation of Regulatory Marks
Do not dispose in domestic household waste.
The affixed label indicates that you must not discard this
electrical/electronic product in domestic household waste, in compliance
with the European Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive
(WEEE, 2002/96/EC).
For instructions on how to return end-of-life equipment, producer-supplied
electrical accessories, or auxiliary items for proper disposal please contact
the supplier or importer. In the event a supplier cannot be reached, contact
Teledyne CETAC Technologies customer service department at 1 (800) 369
2822.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European Community. This CE
mark shows that the product complies with all the relevant European Legal
Directives.
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100
10 Glossary
Analytical Instrument: The instrument, typically an ICP or ICP-MS, to which
the autosampler is connected.
Arm: The autosampler arm that extends from the front of the autosampler
cabinet. The arm moves left/right and the Z-drive moves forward/back on the
arm.
ETFE: Ethylenetetraflouroethylene (Tefzel®).
FEP: Fluorinated ethylene propylene.
Home Block: See Y-Axis Slider Block.
Host Computer:The computer that controls operation of the ICP / ICP-MS
instrument to which the CETAC autosampler is attached, and through which
the autosampler is controlled.
Hz: Hertz.
ID: Inside diameter.
ICP/ICP-AES/ICP-MS: Inductively Coupled Plasma / Inductively Coupled
Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometer / Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass
Spectrometer.
ICP Software: The measurement automation software on the host computer
which controls the measurement system. In addition to controlling the
spectrometer, this software sends commands to the autosampler so that
samples are introduced at the right time. “ICP” in this context can refer to both
Instrument Control Program and Inductively Coupled Plasma spectroscopy.
ID: Inside diameter.
LED: Light-emitting diode.
PEEK: Polyetheretherketone.
Peristaltic Pump: In the context of this manual, usually refers to the on-board
peristaltic pump controlling the movement of the rinse solution to the rinse
station on the autosampler.
PPS: Polyphenylene sulphide.
PTFE: Polytetraflouroethylene.
PVDF: Polyvinylidene fluoride resin.
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Chapter 10: Glossary
Rinse Solution: The solution used to clean the sample probe.
Rinse Station: The autosampler component used to clean the sample probe
with a rinse solution.
Sample Probe: The rigid tube that moves the analyte from the sample vial to
the sample transfer tubing.
Sipper: Another name for the sample probe.
Rinse Station: The autosampler component used to clean the sample probe
with a rinse solution.
UHMW-PE: Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
VAC: Volts alternating current.
VDC: Volts direct current.
X-Axis: The left-to-right axis of the autosampler.
Y-Axis: The front-to-back axis of the autosampler.
Y-Axis Slider Block: The component that fits over the autosampler arm and
moves the Z-drive forward and backward along the autosampler arm.
Z-Axis: The up-and-down axis of the autosampler.
Z-Axis Rotor: The motorized wheel which moves the Z-drive cable, which in
turn moves the Z-axis slider up and down.
Z-Drive: The portion of the autosampler which moves along the arm and
moves the sample probe up and down. The Z-drive assembly includes the Yaxis slider block and the cable which transfers motion from the rotor on the
back of the autosampler.
102
Index
accessories, 11, 13
alignment, 49, 73
ASX Dashboard, 66
Autosampler Config utility, 67
avis Canadien, 99
calibration not required, 51
carryover, 41, 86
CD, 10
checklist
IQ, 52
OQ, 55
chemical compatibility, 12
cleaning, 69, 96
commands
autosampler, 88
condensation. See humidity
C-Term, 87
disposal, 99
earthing, 16, 42
electrical characteristics, 94
enclosure, 42
FCC notice, 98
firmware update, 65
gravity drain, 31
grounding, 16, 42
home flag, 81
humidity, 17, 93, 97
ICES 001, 98
ICP software, definition, 101
interference, 44, 98
IQ/OQ, 47
lamps
power, 9, 61
power supply, 83
LEDs
lamps. See
log file, 86
mains disconnect, 95
movement speed, 67
operator qualifications, 8
performance verification, 51
personality (firmware), 65
physical characteristics, 15
pollution degree, 93
power
connections, 42
power-on procedure, 61
requirements, 16, 94
power cord, 95
probe, 39
cleaning, 71
pump speed, 67
pumped drain, 27
qualifications, operator, 8
regulatory notices, 93
return procedure, 89
rinse station, 26
installing, 20
safety information, 93
sample probe
probe. See
service, 89
speed adjustment, 67
temperature
operating, 59, 93
storage, 12
tubing
kinks, 17
material, 12
pump, 71
size, 26
tubing material, 26
USB
troubleshooting, 84
vibration, 16
warranty, 89
103
Index
waste rinse solution, 26
waste routing, 16
WEEE notice, 99
weight, 15, 16
104
work surface requirements, 16
Z-drive, 21, 39
replacing, 75
troubleshooting, 85
Manual Part Number
480215 Rev2
Printed in USA
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