American Megatrends | Atlas EISA | User`s guide | American Megatrends Atlas EISA User`s guide

 T-MOPSlcdSA
 User’s Guide
Document Revision 1.2
T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
Contents
1. USER INFORMATION ..............................................................................................1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
About This Manual .....................................................................................1
Copyright Notice .......................................................................................1
Trademarks ..............................................................................................2
Standards ................................................................................................2
Warranty..................................................................................................2
Technical Support ......................................................................................3
2. INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................................4
2.1
2.2
2.3
T-MOPSlcdSA ............................................................................................4
The MOPS Family........................................................................................5
PC/104 an Embedded PC Standard.................................................................6
3. GETTING STARTED ..................................................................................................7
4. SPECIFICATIONS....................................................................................................8
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.4
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
Functional Specifications ............................................................................8
Mechanical Specifications ...........................................................................9
PC/104 Bus Connector (ISA part) ..................................................................9
Module Dimensions ....................................................................................9
Height ....................................................................................................9
Weight ....................................................................................................9
Electrical Specifications ............................................................................ 10
Supply Voltage........................................................................................ 10
Supply Voltage Ripple ............................................................................... 10
Supply Current (typical DOS prompt)............................................................ 10
Supply Current (Maximum) ........................................................................ 10
External RTC Battery................................................................................. 10
MTBF..................................................................................................... 11
Environmental Specifications ..................................................................... 11
Temperature ........................................................................................... 11
Humidity ............................................................................................... 11
5. CPU, CHIPSET AND SUPER-I/O ...............................................................................12
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
CPU and Chipset ...................................................................................... 12
CPU and Chipset Configuration ................................................................... 12
Super I/O Controller................................................................................. 13
Super I/O Controller Configuration.............................................................. 13
6. SYSTEM MEMORY.................................................................................................14
6.1
Contents
Configuration ......................................................................................... 14
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7. ISA AND PC/104 BUS EXPANSION...........................................................................15
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.2
PC/104 Bus (ISA part) .............................................................................. 15
PC/104 Connectors .................................................................................. 15
PC/104 Configuration ............................................................................... 16
PC/104 Stack .......................................................................................... 16
8. GRAPHICS INTERFACE ..........................................................................................17
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Graphics Controller .................................................................................. 17
CRT Connector......................................................................................... 17
Configuration ......................................................................................... 17
Graphics Technical Support........................................................................ 17
Available Video Modes .............................................................................. 18
9. SERIAL-COMMUNICATION INTERFACES ....................................................................19
9.1
9.2
Connectors............................................................................................. 19
Configuration ......................................................................................... 19
10. PARALLEL-COMMUNICATION INTERFACE ..................................................................20
10.1
10.2
Connector .............................................................................................. 20
Configuration ......................................................................................... 21
11. KEYBOARD AND FEATURE INTERFACE.......................................................................22
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.4.1
11.4.2
11.4.3
11.4.4
11.4.5
11.4.6
Connector .............................................................................................. 22
Configuration ......................................................................................... 22
Known Issues.......................................................................................... 23
Signal Descriptions .................................................................................. 23
/RESIN and PWRGOOD (Reset Inputs) ........................................................... 23
Speaker ................................................................................................. 23
KBDAT (Keyboard Data)............................................................................. 23
KBCLK (Keyboard Clock) ............................................................................ 23
BATT (System Battery Connection)............................................................... 24
Example Connection AT-keyboard and Other Functions .................................... 24
12. PS/2 MOUSE INTERFACE ....................................................................................... 25
12.1
12.2
Connector .............................................................................................. 25
Configuration ......................................................................................... 25
13. USB INTERFACE................................................................................................... 26
13.1
13.2
13.3
Connector .............................................................................................. 26
Configuration ......................................................................................... 27
Limitations ............................................................................................ 27
14. IDE INTERFACE ................................................................................................... 28
14.1
14.2
Connector .............................................................................................. 28
Configuration ......................................................................................... 29
15. ETHERNET INTERFACE...........................................................................................30
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15.1
15.2
15.3
Connector .............................................................................................. 31
Configuration ......................................................................................... 31
Ethernet Technical Support........................................................................ 31
16. POWER CONNECTION............................................................................................ 32
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
Connector .............................................................................................. 32
Power Pins ............................................................................................. 32
External Battery ...................................................................................... 33
Configuration ......................................................................................... 33
17. WATCHDOG TIMER ...............................................................................................34
17.1
17.2
17.2.1
17.2.2
Configuration ......................................................................................... 34
Programming.......................................................................................... 34
Initialization .......................................................................................... 34
Trigger .................................................................................................. 34
18. APPENDIX A: SYSTEM RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS .........................................................35
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.4.1
Interrupt Request (IRQ) Lines..................................................................... 35
Direct Memory Access (DMA) Channels ......................................................... 36
I/O Address Map ...................................................................................... 37
Memory Map ........................................................................................... 38
Using Expanded Memory Managers .............................................................. 39
19. APPENDIX B: BIOS OPERATION...............................................................................40
19.1
19.2
19.2.1
19.2.2
19.3
19.4
19.4.1
19.4.2
19.4.3
19.4.4
19.4.5
19.4.6
19.5
19.6
19.6.1
19.7
19.8
19.8.1
19.8.2
19.8.3
19.8.4
19.9
19.10
Contents
Determining BIOS Version ......................................................................... 40
Setup Guide (ezPORT) ............................................................................... 41
Start ezPORT BIOS Setup Utility................................................................... 41
General Information................................................................................. 41
Main Menu ............................................................................................. 44
Advanced Menu....................................................................................... 45
IDE Configuration Submenu ....................................................................... 45
Master or Slave Submenus ......................................................................... 46
Watchdog Submenu ................................................................................. 47
Remote Access Configuration ..................................................................... 47
USB Configuration Submenu ...................................................................... 48
USB Mass Storage Device Configuration Submenu........................................... 49
PCI PnP Menu.......................................................................................... 50
Boot Menu ............................................................................................. 52
Boot Settings Configuration Submenu.......................................................... 53
Security Menu ......................................................................................... 54
Chipset Menu.......................................................................................... 55
STPC Integrated IO Device Configuration Submenu.......................................... 56
Cache & Shadow Configuration Submenu ...................................................... 57
North Bridge Configuration Submenu........................................................... 58
ISA Bus Configuration Submenu.................................................................. 58
Power Menu............................................................................................ 59
Exit Menu............................................................................................... 60
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19.11
19.11.1
19.11.2
19.11.3
19.11.4
19.12
19.12.1
19.12.2
19.12.3
Kontron BIOS Extensions........................................................................... 61
JIDA BIOS extension ................................................................................ 61
Remote Control Client Extension ................................................................. 61
LAN RPL ROM .......................................................................................... 62
DOT-Matrix LCD BIOS Extension................................................................... 62
Updating or Restoring BIOS ....................................................................... 63
Null modem cable .................................................................................... 63
BIOS Update or Recovery Step-by-Step ......................................................... 64
Terminal Programs................................................................................... 65
20. APPENDIX C: BLOCK DIAGRAM ...............................................................................66
21. APPENDIX D: MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS .................................................................67
22. APPENDIX E: CONNECTOR LAYOUT...........................................................................69
22.1
22.2
22.3
Connector Locations................................................................................. 69
Connector Functions and Interface Cables..................................................... 70
Pin-out Table .......................................................................................... 71
23. APPENDIX F: LIMITATIONS AND HINTS.....................................................................74
23.1
23.2
23.3
23.4
23.5
Unavailable ISA Signals ............................................................................ 74
USB Ports .............................................................................................. 74
USB Devices ........................................................................................... 74
Windows98 Support .............................................................................. 74
Keyboard Controller ................................................................................. 75
24. APPENDIX F: PC ARCHITECTURE INFORMATION ..........................................................76
24.1
24.1.1
24.1.2
24.2
24.3
24.3.1
24.3.2
24.3.3
24.4
Buses.................................................................................................... 76
ISA, Standard PS/2 - Connectors................................................................. 76
PC/104, PCI - Information ......................................................................... 76
General PC Architecture ............................................................................ 77
Ports..................................................................................................... 77
RS-232 Serial.......................................................................................... 77
ATA ...................................................................................................... 77
USB ...................................................................................................... 78
Programming.......................................................................................... 78
25. APPENDIX G: DOCUMENT-REVISION HISTORY ............................................................ 79
Contents
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1.
User Information
1.1
About This Manual
This document provides information about products from Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH
and/or its subsidiaries. No warranty of suitability, purpose, or fitness is implied. While every
attempt has been made to ensure that the information in this document is accurate, the
information contained within is supplied “as-is” and is subject to change without notice.
For the circuits, descriptions and tables indicated, Kontron assumes no responsibility as far as
patents or other rights of third parties are concerned.
1.2
Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2005-2007 Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any
means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), without the express
written permission of Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH.
DIMM-PC®, PISA®, ETX®, ETXexpress® , X-board®, DIMM-IO® and DIMM-BUS® are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH. Kontron is trademark or registered
trademark of Kontron AG.
User Information
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
1.3
Trademarks
The following lists the trademarks of components used in this board.


Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.

Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corp.

1.4
IBM, XT, AT, PS/2 and Personal System/2 are trademarks of International Business
Machines Corp.
All other products and trademarks mentioned in this manual are trademarks of their
respective owners.
Standards
Kontron Embedded Modules is certified to ISO 9000 standards.
1.5
Warranty
This Kontron Embedded Modules product is warranted against defects in material and workmanship
for the warranty period from the date of shipment. During the warranty period, Kontron Embedded
Modules will at its discretion decide to repair or replace defective products.
Within the warranty period, the repair of products is free of charge as long as warranty conditions
are observed.
The warranty does not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate maintenance or
handling by the buyer, unauthorized modification or misuse, operation outside of the product’s
environmental specifications or improper installation or maintenance.
Kontron Embedded Modules will not be responsible for any defects or damages to other products
not supplied by Kontron Embedded Modules that are caused by a faulty Kontron Embedded
Modules product.
User Information
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
1.6
Technical Support
Technicians and engineers from Kontron Embedded Modules and/or its subsidiaries and official
distributors are available for technical support. We are committed to making our product easy to
use and will help you use our products in your systems.
Before contacting Kontron Embedded Modules technical support, please contact your local
representative or consult our Web site for the latest product documentation, utilities, and drivers.
If the information does not help to solve the problem, contact us by telephone or email.
Asia
Europe
North/South America
Kontron Asia Inc.
Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH
Kontron America
4F, No.415, Ti-Ding Blvd.,
NeiHu District,
Taipei 114, Taiwan
Brunnwiesenstr. 16
94469 Deggendorf – Germany
Tel: +886 2 2799 2789
Fax: + 886 2 2799 7399
sales@kontron.com.tw
Tel: +49 (0) 991-37024-0
Fax: +49 (0) 991-37024-333
sales-kem@kontron.com
14118 Stowe Dr
Poway, CA 92064-7147
Customer Service/Technical
Support:
800-480-0044 (US Only)
Tel: +1 (888) 294 4558
Fax: +1 (858) 677 0898
sales@us.kontron.com
User Information
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
2.
Introduction
2.1
T-MOPSlcdSA
The T-MOPSlcdSA comes with a STMicroelectronics STPC® Atlas embedded microcontroller. The
ATLAS processor runs with an internal clock speed of 120MHz and is fully compatible with standard
x86 processors. The processor is combined with a powerful chipset to provide a general purpose
PC-compatible subsystem on a single chip. The CPU/chipset does not require a cooler or a fan.
The T-MOPSlcdSA is equipped with 32MB SDRAM soldered onboard (64MB as option upon request),
which makes this PC/104 processor board especially suitable for use in rugged environments.
However, the standard product available on stock comes with 32MB of SDRAM.
Every T-MOPSlcdSA comes with the PC/104 standard interface (full 16bit ISA signals).
The T-MOPSlcdSA is a highly integrated CPU board that features many standard interfaces,
including a watchdog timer and a real-time clock. The board integrates the complete functionality
of an 80486 motherboard and includes the following features:

CPU / chipset (single chip)

System BIOS

SDRAM controller, which supports up to 64MB SDRAM

Interrupt controller and DMA controller

EIDE controller
The following features are provided via the onboard PCI bus (PCI 2.1 compliant):

32-bit PCI Ethernet controller
Additional peripheral functions include:

Keyboard controller and PS/2 mouse support

Real-time clock

Watchdog timer (WDT)

Two serial ports (Both RS-232)

Parallel port (SPP/EPP/ECP modes)

USB 1.1 compatible OHCI 1.0 controller
T-MOPSlcdSA online: http://emea.kontron.com/index.php?id=226&cat=54&productid=496.
Introduction
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2.2
The MOPS Family
MOPS (Minimized Open PC System) PC/104 products represent the “Proven PC Platform for Instant
Solutions." Each MOPS module is characterized by the same pin out for the keyboard, COM1 and
COM2, 44-pin IDE, LPT, and 1st LAN.
These homogeneous features facilitate easy upgrades within the Kontron Embedded Modules
GmbH MOPS PC/104 product family.
Whenever a LCD panel is required, MOPS products with onboard graphics controllers serve as the
right choice. Display connections are simplified when using these units, which come with a
JUMPtec Intelligent LVDS Interface (JILI) and a JUMPtec Intelligent Panel Adapter (JIPA)
interface. The two interfaces can recognize which display is connected and then independently set
all video parameters. These interfaces are not available on all MOPS products.
T-MOPSlcdSA provides a CRT output only but it can easily connect to a TFT by i.e. CRTtoLCD-5. More
information can be obtained under the following product link to Kontron website:
http://emea.kontron.com/index.php?id=226&cat=78&productid=1145.
All MOPS-PC/104 are plug-and-work enabled to further reduce time-to-market.
As part of the standard features package, all MOPS PC/104 modules come with a JUMPtec
Intelligent Device Architecture (JIDA) interface, which is integrated into the BIOS of the PC/104
modules. This interface enables hardware-independent access to the MOPS-PC/104 features that
cannot be accessed via standard APIs. Functions such as watchdog timer, brightness and contrast
of LCD backlight, and user bytes in the EEPROM can be configured with ease by taking advantage of
this standard MOPS PC/104 module feature.
All MOPS PC/104 products can be controlled remotely by using JRC software through a serial port.
The software allows you to change, update, and maintain the MOPS products from a host computer
via a serial connection.
General MOPS information is obtained here:
http://www.kontron.com/mops
You can find MOPS PC/104 accessories information here:
http://emea.kontron.com/index.php?id=82&cat=56
You can find MOPS PC/104 Starterkit information here:
http://emea.kontron.com/index.php?id=82&cat=57
Introduction
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2.3
PC/104 an Embedded PC Standard
Over the past decade, PC architecture has become an accepted platform for far more than desktop
applications. Dedicated and embedded applications for PCs are beginning to appear everywhere.
By standardizing hardware and software around the broadly supported PC architecture, embedded
system designers can substantially reduce development costs, risks, and time-to-market.
For these reasons, companies that embed microcomputers as controllers within their products seek
ways to reap the benefits of using the PC architecture. However, the standard form factor of a PC
bus (12.4" x 4.8") and its associated card cages and backplanes are too bulky and expensive for
most embedded control applications.
The only practical way to embed the PC architecture in space-and power-sensitive applications has
been to design a PC chip by chip directly into the product. But this runs counter to growing trend
away from "reinventing the wheel." Whenever possible, top management now encourages
outsourcing of components and technologies to reduce development costs and accelerate product
design cycles.
A need has arisen for a more compact implementation of the PC bus, satisfying the reduced space
and power constraints of embedded control applications. PC/104 was developed in response to
this need. It offers full architecture, hardware and software compatibility with the PC bus but in
ultra-compact (3.6" x 3.8") stackable modules. PC/104 is ideally suited to the unique
requirements of embedded control applications.
Although configuration and application possibilities with PC/104 modules are practically limitless,
there are two ways to use them in embedded system designs:
Introduction

Standalone module stacks
PC/104 modules are self-stacking. The modules are used like ultra-compact bus boards but
without a need for backplanes or card cages. Stacked modules are spaced 0.6 inches apart.
(The three-module stack measures 3.6 by 3.8 by 2 inches.) Companies using PC/104
module stacks within their products frequently create one or more of their own applicationspecific PC/104 modules.

Component-line applications
In this configuration, the modules function as highly integrated components, plugged into
custom carrier boards that contain application-specific interfaces and logic. The modules'
self-stacking bus can be useful to install multiple modules in one location. This facilitates
product upgrades or options and allows temporary addition of modules during system
debug or test.
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
3.
Getting Started
The easiest way to get the T-MOPSlcdSA board running is to use a starter kit from Kontron
Embedded Modules GmbH. Take the following steps:
1. Turn off the power supply (part of the starter kit).
2. Connect the power supply to the starter kit baseboard (part of the starter kit).
3. Connect a CRT monitor to the CRT interface by using the corresponding adapter cable.
4. Plug the T-MOPSlcdSA to the PC/104 bus stack on the starter kit baseboard.
5. Make all necessary connections from the T-MOPSlcdSA to the starter kit board. (Cables
come with the starter kit). The starter kit board offers various interfaces on standard
connectors.
6. Plug a keyboard to the starter kit’s keyboard connector.
7. Plug a hard-drive data cable to the T-MOPSlcdSA hard-disk interface. Attach the hard disk
to the connector at the opposite end of the cable.
8.
If necessary, connect the power supply to the hard disk’s power connector.
9. Make sure all your connections have been made correctly.
10. Turn on the power.
11. Enter the BIOS by pressing the <DEL> key during boot-up. Make all changes in the BIOS
setup. See the BIOS chapter of this manual for details.
Getting Started
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4.
Specifications
4.1
Functional Specifications

Processor
 STMicroelectronics STPC® Atlas with 120 MHz internal clock and 8KB unified
instruction and data cache (fanless)

Chipset
 Integrated PCI North / South Bridge controller

Power Supply
 5V supply

Memory
 Onboard soldered 32MB or 64MB SDRAM (60Mhz clock speed)

Ethernet: Intel® 82551IT Network Controller





32-bit Fast Ethernet
Integrated IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX compatible PHY
Backward compatible software to 82559ER controller
worksaccording to the common criteria of the embedded technology market segment
Two Serial Ports, (COM1 and COM2)
 Standard RS232C serial ports with 16-bit FIFO
 15540 compatible

Parallel Port (LPT)
 All IEEE Standard 1284 protocols supported: Compatibility, Nibble, Byte, EPP and ECP
modes

Integrated USB Controller
 Two USB OHCI 1.0 compliant ports
 USB 1.1 compatible

EIDE Hard-disk Interface





Support for PIO mode 3 & 4
Supports up to two devices
Individual drive timing for all two devices
Backward compatibility with IDE (ATA-1)
Supports Kontron chipDISK

Watchdog Timer

256KB Flash BIOS (AMI)
Specifications
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide

Real-time Clock
 External battery support

Keyboard Controller

Internal Graphics Controller





VGA and SVGA CRT Controller
135MHz RAMDAC
Enhanced 2D Graphics engine
The frame buffer can occupy a space up to 4 Mbytes anywhere in the physical main
memory
PC/104 Extension Bus
4.2
Mechanical Specifications
4.2.1
PC/104 Bus Connector (ISA part)

4.2.2
Module Dimensions

4.2.3
95 x 90 mm (3.7” x 3.5”)
Height

4.2.4
One 2 X 32 pin stack-through and one 2 X 20 pin stack-through connector
23.5 mm max (including PC/104 connector pins)
Weight

Specifications
85 g (full feature version)
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
4.3
Electrical Specifications
4.3.1
Supply Voltage

4.3.2
Supply Voltage Ripple

4.3.3
4.3.4
T-MOPSlcdSA with 32MB SDRAM:
Power Mode
Power Consumption
Full on
1.5625%
3.125%
6.25%
12.5%
25%
50%
Stop CPU Clock
850mA
832mA
825mA
819mA
809mA
789mA
748mA
660mA
The T- MOPSlcdSA does not have real standby and suspend modes. It can be configured for different
clock throttling modes from 1.5625% up to 50%. It can also be set to stop clock mode. Every of the
available modes can be assigned to the standby and suspend timers.
Supply Current (Maximum)

4.3.5
100 mV peak to peak 0 - 20 MHz
Supply Current (typical DOS prompt)

Notes:
5V DC +/- 5%
1.45A (full featured maximum performance version)
(calculated theoretical values from all components maximum supply currents)
External RTC Battery

External RTC battery voltage:
2.8V to 4.0V (3.0V recommended)

External RTC battery quiescent current:
0.5A (typical)
Specifications
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4.4
MTBF
The following Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) values were calculated using a combination of
manufacturer’s test data and a Bellcore calculation for the remaining parts. The Bellcore
calculation used is “Method 1 Case 1.” In that particular method, components are assumed to be
operating at a 50 % stress level in a 40° C ambient environment, and the system is assumed to
have not been burned in. The manufacturer’s data, when used, is specified at 50° C, which means
that the following results are slightly conservative. The MTBF values shown below are for a 40° C
office or telecommunications environment. Higher temperatures and other environmental stresses
such as extreme altitude, vibration, or salt-water exposure can lower MTBF values.

Notes:
System MTBF (hours):
371990
Fans shipped with Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH products have a typical operating life of 50,000
hours. The system MTBF above assumes no fan, but a passive heat-sink arrangement.
Estimated RTC battery life (as opposed to battery failures) is not accounted for in the above figures and
needs to be considered separately. Battery life depends on temperature and operating conditions. When
the Kontron unit has external power, the only battery drain is from leakage paths.
4.5
Environmental Specifications
4.5.1
Temperature
Notes:
4.5.2

Operating: -40 to +85°C (*) (with appropriate airflow.)

Non-operating: -40 to +85
C (non-condensing)
(*)
The maximum operating temperature is the maximum measurable temperature on any spot on
the module’s surface. You must maintain the temperature according to the above specification.
Humidity

Operating: 10% to 90% (non-condensing)

Non-operating: 5% to 95% (non-condensing)
Specifications
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5.
CPU, Chipset and Super-I/O
5.1
CPU and Chipset
The T-MOPSlcdSA comes with a STMicroelectronics STPC® ATLAS, which operates with a 120MHz
CPU. The processor and chipset provide a general purpose PC-compatible subsystem on a single
chip. It integrates a standard 5th generation x86 core along with a powerful UMA graphics/video
chipset, support logic including PCI, ISA, Local Bus, USB, EIDE controllers and combines them with
standard I/O interfaces to provide a single PC compatible subsystem on a single device.
The chipset integrated in the STPC® ATLAS microcontroller features:

Integrated PCI North / South Bridge controller

SDRAM controller (64 bit, 60MHz)

PCI controller (PCI 2.1 compatible)
 Integrated PCI arbitration interface
 PCI-to-ISA translation cycles
 Translation of ISA master initiated cycles to PCI

ISA / Master / Slave / DMA
 ISA master / slave supports flash ROM
 ISA hidden refresh
 16bit I/O decoding
5.2

EIDE controller (ATA-1 compatible)

DMA controller (2x8237/AT compatible)

Interrupt controller (2x8259/AT compatible)

Timer/counters (8254 compatible)

Power Management Unit
CPU and Chipset Configuration
See the “Chipset Menu” section of the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter for information on
possible settings.
CPU, Chipset and Super-I/O
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5.3
Super I/O Controller
The T-MOPSlcdSA uses the integrated I/O Controller of the STPC® ATLAS CPU that provides
peripheral functions such as:

PC/AT+ compatible Keyboard Interface

PS/2 compatible Mouse Interface

Two Serial Communication Ports (UARTs)
 15540 compatible with 16-byte FIFOs
 16-bit programmable baud rate generator

Parallel Port
 All IEEE Standard 1284 protocols supported: Compatibility, Nibble, Byte, EPP and ECP
modes
 16 bytes FIFO for ECP

5.4
Watchdog Timer
Super I/O Controller Configuration
See the “STPC Integrated IO Device Configuration Submenu” and the “Watchdog Submenu” section
of the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter for information on possible settings of the features
included in the I/O controller.
Additional information about the watchdog feature can be found in the section “Watchdog Timer”.
CPU, Chipset and Super-I/O
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
6.
System Memory
The T-MOPSlcdSA is available with different memory configurations. The module can be equipped
with onboard soldered 32 or 64 of SDRAM. Customers cannot upgrade the memory. However, the
standard T-MOPSlcdSA available from stock will come with 32MB SDRAM.
The total amount of memory available on the SDRAM module is used for main memory and graphics
memory on the T-MOPSlcdSA. The Unified Memory Architecture (UMA) manages how the system
shares memory between the graphics controller and the processor. The full system memory size is
not available for software applications. Up to 4MB of system memory is used for graphics memory.
6.1
Configuration
There are lots of settings available for timing and memory usage in the BIOS setup utility. See the
“Chipset Menu” section of the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter for details on the memory
configuration settings.
System Memory
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7.
ISA and PC/104 Bus Expansion
The design of the T-MOPSlcdSA follows the standard PC/104 form factor and offers ISA bus signals
for standard PC/104 adapter cards.
7.1
PC/104 Bus (ISA part)
The PC/104 bus consists of two connectors that use 104 pins in total.

XT bus Connector (64 pins)

AT bus Connector (40 pins, which is optional for 16-bit, data-bus systems)
The pin-out of the PC/104 bus connectors corresponds to the pin-out of ISA bus connectors with
some added ground pins. The two PC systems with different form factors are electrically
compatible.
XT bus connector, Rows A and B.
The corresponding 64-pin stack through header (ISA bus = 62pins) has two added ground pins at
the end of the connector (Pin A32 and Pin B32). The pin-out between PC/104 bus and XT ISA bus is
identical between A1 - A31 and B1 - B31.
The AT bus extension connector, Rows C and D.
The corresponding 40-pin stack through header (ISA bus = 36 pins) has four added ground pins,
two on each side of the connector. To avoid confusion, the first two pins are defined as Pin C0 and
Pin D0. The additional ground pins at the end of the connector are defined as C19 and D19. The
pin-out between PC/104 bus and AT ISA bus is identical between C1 - C18 and D1 - D18.
The T-MOPSlcdSA features both – XT bus and AT bus extension – on two, dual-row socket
connectors with 2.54mm x 2.54mm grid (0.1" x 0.1").
7.1.1
PC/104 Connectors
The PC/104 XT bus is available through the J9A connector. The PC/104 AT bus is available through
the J9B connector. To find the location of this connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the
chapter “Connector Locations”.
A detailed description of the signals including electrical characteristics and timings is beyond the
scope of this document. Please see ISA bus and PC/104 specifications for details.
ISA and PC/104 Bus Expansion
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7.1.2
PC/104 Configuration
When using add-on boards on the PC/104 bus, make sure that there are no resource conflicts in the
system. Carefully choose hardware interrupts, DMA channels, memory and I/O address ranges to
avoid resource conflicts, which are often the reason why a board or a feature does not function
correctly. See Appendix A: System Resource Allocations” for information about the resources
already used by the T-MOPSlcdSA.
You can configure different features for the PC/104 bus in the BIOS setup utility. Please refer to the
“ISA Bus Configuration Submenu”, the “PCI PnP Menu” and the “Cache & Shadow Configuration
Submenu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter.
7.2
PC/104 Stack
PC/104 adapter cards are mounted in a stack-through manner. Adapter cards are designed with
plugs on their undersides that mate with the PC/104 socket connectors of T-MOPSlcdSA. PC/104
adapters can support the socket connector version on their topside and allow additional stacking
of adapters.
Whenever possible, use the T-MOPSlcdSA as the top module of the PC/104 stack because the CPU
board usually has higher heat-dissipation requirements.
ISA and PC/104 Bus Expansion
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
8.
Graphics Interface
8.1
Graphics Controller
The T-MOPSlcdSA comes with a in the STPC ATLAS integrated onchip SVGA controller. The CRT
monitor display is generated by the 2D graphics display engine.
The frame buffer can occupy a space up to 4 Mbytes anywhere in the physical main memory. The
maximum graphics resolution supported is 1280 x 1024 in 16 Million colors at 75 Hz refresh rate
and is VGA and SVGA compatible.
8.2
CRT Connector
The CRT monitor is available through the X2 connector (6 pins). To find the location of this
connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector Locations”.
To have the signals available on a standard DSUB-15 CRT monitor connector, an adapter cable is
required. For adapter cable information see the section “Connector Functions and Interface
Cables”.
The following table shows the pin-out as well as necessary connections for a DSUB adapter:
Header
8.3
Pin
Signal Name
Function
DSUB-25
1
2
3
4
5
6
RED
GRN
BLU
GND
VSYNC
HSYNC
Analog video red
Analog video green
Analog video blue
Signal ground
Vertical sync
Horizontal sync
1
2
3
7
14
13
Configuration
You can download available drivers for the integrated ATLAS graphic from the Kontron Web site.
For further information read the read-me or help files or contact technical support.
8.4
Graphics Technical Support
If problems occur, you can solve some of them by using the latest drivers for the Atlas graphics
controller. Kontron provides you with the latest tested drivers, which can differ from newer ones.
For further technical support, contact either Kontron, or obtain support information and
downloadable software updates from STMicroelectronics.
Graphics Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
8.5
Available Video Modes
The following list shows the video modes supported by the video BIOS.
Notes:
Mode
Type
Page
BPP
X
Y
Offset
C-Height
0000h
0001h
0002h
0003h
0004h
0005h
0006h
0007h
000Dh
000Eh
000Fh
0010h
0011h
0012h
0013h
010Ah
0109h
0102h
0106h
0100h
0103h
0104h
0105h
0101h
010Ch
010Bh
0108h
0112h
0107h
0111h
0114h
0115h
0117h
010Eh
010Fh
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CGA
MDTYPE-CGA
MDTYPE-CGA
MDTYPE-MTEXT
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-MGRAF
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-1BPP
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-8BPP
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-8BPP
MDTYPE-8BPP
MDTYPE-4BPP
MDTYPE-8BPP
MDTYPE-8BPP
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-CTEXT
MDTYPE-24BPP
MDTYPE-8BPP
MDTYPE-16BPP
MDTYPE-16BPP
MDTYPE-24BPP
MDTYPE-16BPP
MDTYPE-16BPP
MDTYPE-24BPP
8
8
8
8
1
1
1
8
8
4
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
4
4
4
2
2
1
0
4
4
1
4
1
4
8
4
4
4
4
8
8
4
8
8
4
4
4
24
8
16
16
24
16
16
24
40
40
80
80
320
320
640
80
320
640
640
640
640
640
320
132
132
800
1280
640
800
1024
1024
640
132
132
80
640
1280
640
800
800
1024
320
320
25
25
25
25
200
200
200
25
200
200
350
350
480
480
200
43
25
600
1024
400
600
768
768
480
60
50
60
480
1024
480
600
600
768
200
200
80
80
160
160
80
80
80
160
40
80
80
80
80
80
320
264
264
100
160
640
800
128
1024
640
264
264
160
2048
1280
1280
1600
3272
2048
640
1024
16
16
16
16
8
8
8
16
8
8
14
14
16
16
8
8
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
8
8
8
16
16
16
16
16
16
8
8
The BIOS support for all nonstandard IBM compatible VGA Modes consists only of the ability to set the
mode. Other BIOS calls such as write character, scrolling, and write pixel are not supported. The BIOS is
used to set modes, not to install or run software applications and drivers.
Graphics Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
9.
Serial-Communication Interfaces
Two fully functional serial ports (COMA and COMB) provide asynchronous serial communications.
COMA and COMB support RS-232 operation modes and are compatible with the serial-port
implementation used on the IBM Serial Adapter. They are 15540 high-speed, UART-compatible and
support 16-byte FIFO buffers for transfer rates from 50 baud to 115.2K baud.
9.1
Connectors
COMA is available through the J3 connector (10 pins). COMB is available through the J5 connector
(10 pins). To find the location of this connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter
“Connector Locations”.
An adaptor cable is required to have the signals available on standard serial-interface connectors
DSUB9 or DSUB25. For adapter cable information see the section “Connector Functions and
Interface Cables”.
The following table shows the pin-outs for COMA and COMB, as well as connections for DSUB
adapters.
Header
(*)
Notes:
9.2
Pin
Signal Name
Function
In / Out
DSUB-25
DSUB-9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
/DCD
/DSR
RxD
/RTS
TxD
/CTS
/DTR
/RI
GND
VCC (*)
Data Carrier Detect
Data Set Ready
Receive Data
Request to Send
Transmit Data
Clear to Send
Data Terminal Ready
Ring Indicator
Signal Ground
+5V
In
In
In
Out
Out
In
Out
In
---
8
6
3
4
2
5
20
22
7
--
1
6
2
7
3
8
4
9
5
--
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
-the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current
-the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire-protecting requirements of IEC/EN
60950.
Configuration
You can set the two serial input/output interfaces to a variety of I/O addresses and IRQ
configurations. Settings are changeable from the T-MOPSlcdSA BIOS setup utility. Refer to the
“STPC Integrated IO Device Configuration Submenu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation”
chapter for configuration information.
Notes:
Most operating systems detect the serial port with the I/O address 3F8h as COM1 and 2F8h as COM2.
Serial-Communication Interfaces
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
10. Parallel-Communication Interface
The T-MOPSlcdSA incorporates an IBM XT/AT compatible parallel port. It can be set to bidirectional and supports EPP and ECP operating modes. The bi-directional functions are compatible
with those of an IBM PS/2 style parallel port. This functionality is always available and does not
conflict with printer use.
10.1 Connector
The parallel port is available through the X1 connector (26 pins). To find the location of this
connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector Locations”.
To have the signals available on a standard, parallel-interface connector DSUB-25, an adapter
cable is required. For adapter cable information see the section “Connector Functions and
Interface Cables”.
Pin-out table and necessary connections for a DSUB-25 adapter:
Header
(*)
Notes:
Pin
Signal Name
Function
In / Out
DSUB-25
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
2
4
6
8
26
10,12
14,16
18,20
22,24
/STB
PD0
PD1
PD2
PD3
PD4
PD5
PD6
PD7
/ACK
BUSY
PE
SLCT
/AFD
/ERR
/INIT
/SLIN
VCC (*)
GND
GND
GND
GND
Strobe
Data 0
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
Data 4
Data 5
Data 6
Data 7
Acknowledge
Busy
Paper out
Select out
Autofeed
Error
Init
Select in
+5V
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Out
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
In
In
In
In
Out
In
Out
Out
------
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
NC
18 - 25
18 - 25
18 - 25
18 - 25
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
-the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current
-the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire-protecting requirements of IEC/EN
60950.
Parallel-Communication Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
10.2 Configuration
The parallel-port mode, I/O addresses, and IRQs are changeable in the T-MOPSlcdSA BIOS Setup
Utility. You can program the base I/O-address 378h, 3BCh and 278h or disable the interface. You
can choose IRQ5 or IRQ7 as the parallel-port interrupt. In ECP mode, you can choose DMA 1 to DMA
3.
Refer to the “STPC Integrated IO Device Configuration Submenu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS
Operation” chapter for configuration information.
Parallel-Communication Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
11. Keyboard and Feature Interface
The keyboard and feature connector of the T-MOPSlcdSA offers four functions. The interface
connects the following:

Keyboard

Speaker

Battery

Reset Button
11.1 Connector
The keyboard and feature connector is available through Connector J4 (10 pins). To find the
location of this connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector
Locations”.
An adapter cable is required to connect a standard keyboard to this interface. For adapter cable
information see the section “Connector Functions and Interface Cables”. The adapter cables do not
know the other functions on this interface.
Pin-out table:
Header
(*)
Notes:
Pin
Signal Name
Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speaker
GND
/RESIN
NC
KBDAT
KBCLK
GND
VCC (*)
BATT
PWRGOOD
Speaker output
Ground
Reset input
Not connected
Keyboard data
Keyboard clock
Ground
+5V
Battery in (3,0V)
Powergood
5-pin Din
(Diode)
6-pin MiniDin
(PS2)
2
1
4
5
1
5
3
4
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
-the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current
-the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire-protecting requirements of IEC/EN
60950.
11.2 Configuration
There are no BIOS configuration entries available for this interface.
Keyboard and Feature Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
11.3 Known Issues
A problem occurs when the SHIFT, NUMLOCK, ROLL or CAPSLOCK key is pressed, which will update
the keyboard LED's via command EDh. The STPC does not acknowledge this and will send a beep to
the speaker output.
The keyboard controller also sends several beeps when booting a DOS operating system without a
PS/2 keyboard connected to the system.
11.4 Signal Descriptions
11.4.1 /RESIN and PWRGOOD (Reset Inputs)


Input on CPU modules
When POWERGOOD goes high, it starts the reset generator on the CPU module to pull
the onboard reset line high after a valid reset period. You also can use this pin as a low
active hardware reset for modules.
11.4.2 Speaker

Open collector output on modules that drive a piezo electronic speaker.

Input on modules that connects a 5V piezo electronic speaker to this pin.

An 8-Ohm loudspeaker also can be connected between SPEAKER and GND, but because
of current limitation, the volume will be low.

Connect only one speaker to this pin. The CPU usually drives this pin. However, other
modules also can use this signal to drive the system speaker.
11.4.3 KBDAT (Keyboard Data)

Bi-directional I/O pin on CPU modules

Keyboard data signal
11.4.4 KBCLK (Keyboard Clock)

Bi-directional I/O pin on CPU modules

Keyboard clock signal
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
11.4.5 BATT (System Battery Connection)

This pin connects a system battery to all modules.

The battery voltage has to be higher than 2.2V and lower than 3.5. A 3V battery is
recommended.

A battery is not needed to hold CMOS setup data. Your configurations for hard disks,
floppy drives, and other peripherals are saved in an onboard DRAM. However, you need a
battery to save the CMOS date and time when power supply is turned off.
11.4.6 Example Connection AT-keyboard and Other Functions
6 PIN MINI-DIN
FEMALE
(PS/2 STYLE)
6
4
2
(+5V Vcc)
(KBCLK)
5
3
1
(GND)
(KBDAT)
5 PIN DIN 180°
(DIN41524)
FEMALE
3
1
5
2
4
(Speaker)
(KBCLK)
(GND)
(KBDAT)
(+5V Vcc)
(PWRGOOD)
(/RESIN)
(/KBLOCK)
(BATT)
Keyboard and Feature Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
12. PS/2 Mouse Interface
The super I/O controller of the T-MOPSlcdSA supports a PS/2 mouse.
12.1 Connector
The PS/2 mouse interface is available on connector J6 (4 pins). To find the location of this
connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector Locations”.
An adapter cable is required to connect a standard PS/2 mouse. For adapter cable information see
the section “Connector Functions and Interface Cables”.
Pin-out table:
Header
(*)
Notes:
Pin
Signal Name
Function
6-pin MiniDin
(PS2)
1
2
3
4
MSDAT
VCC (*)
GND
MSCLK
Mouse data
+5V
Ground
Mouse clock
1
4
3
5
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
-the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current
-the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire-protecting requirements of IEC/EN
60950.
12.2 Configuration
You can set the PS/2 mouse support to enabled, disabled or auto from the BIOS Setup. Be aware
that no matter you enable or disable the mouse IRQ12 is never free for other devices in the system.
Please refer to the “Boot Settings Configuration Submenu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS
Operation” chapter for information on configuration.
PS/2 Mouse Interface
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13. USB Interface
The T-MOPSlcdSA is equipped with a USB controller integrated in the STPC ATLAS chipset. It comes
with two USB ports, which follow the OHCI 1.0 specification and are USB-1.1 compliant.
You can expand the amount of USB connections by adding external hubs. You can connect up to
127 USB peripherals to each hub. When using USB hubs on these interfaces they have to be selfpowered.
13.1 Connector
The USB ports are available through the J1 and the J2 connectors (each 4 pins). To find the
location of these connectors on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector
Locations”.
To have the signals available on the standard USB interface connectors, an adapter cable is
required. For adapter cable information see the section “Connector Functions and Interface
Cables”.
Pin-out table:
Header
(*)
Notes:
Pin
Signal Name
Function
1
2
3
4
VCC (*)
USB0
USB1
GND
+5V
USBUSB+
Ground
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
-the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current
-the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire-protecting requirements of IEC/EN
60950.
The power contacts for USB devices on Pin 1 and Pin 4 are not protected. They are suitable to
supply connected USB devices with a maximum of 500mA power dissipation. Do not supply
external USB devices with higher power dissipation through these pins. Always use a fuse for
power on external USB connectors, as a defective USB device may damage the T-MOPSlcdSA.
Kontron recommends using a resetable fuse, which follows the USB 1.1 specification, for power
on external USB connectors.
USB Interface
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13.2 Configuration
Legacy USB support can be enabled or disabled in the T-MOPSlcdSA BIOS Setup Utility. For
detected mass storage devices there are several configuration options.
Refer to the “USB Configuration Submenu” and the “Boot Menu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS
Operation” chapter for information on configuration.
13.3 Limitations
In order to guaranty correct detection of plugged devices and to avoid electrical problems which
may lead to unreliable data, you have to ensure that no cables exceeding 1 meter cable length are
used to connect the USB devices.
Some USB floppy disk drives and sticks make trouble by formatting. The following floppy devices
are known to fail:

Mitsumi D353GUE

Sony MPF88E–U1

Y-E USB-FDU
If you have problems to boot from an USB stick, set its “emulation type” in the BIOS setup to Hard
Disk. See the chapter “USB Mass Storage Device Configuration Submenu” for details.
An USB-Mouse will not work under DOS even if USB legacy support is enabled.
USB Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
14. IDE Interface
The T-MOPSlcdSA features one EIDE interface (Ultra DMA 33 mode) that can drive two hard disks.
When two devices share a single adapter, they are connected in a master/slave, daisy-chain
configuration. If only one drive is in the system, you must set it as the master.
14.1 Connector
The IDE interface is available through Connector J8 (44 pins). This interface is designed in 2mm
grid for optimal connectivity to a 2.5” hard disk. To find the location of this connector on the TMOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector Locations”.
There are several accessories available for IDE connectivity. For adapter cable information see the
section “Connector Functions and Interface Cables”.
You can plug a Kontron chipDISK, which is an IDE hard disk that uses Flash technology, into the IDE
interface and mechanically mount it by using a mini-spacer on the chipDISK hole. You also can use
a chipDISK adapter (chipDISK-ADA1, Part Number 96004-0000-00-0) or compact Flash adapter
(CFC-ADA1, Part Number 96004-0000-00-2) for more disk support.
IDE Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
Pin-out table:
Header
(*)
Notes:
Pin
Signal
Name
Function
Pin
Signal
Name
Function
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
/RESET
HDD7
HDD6
HDD5
HDD4
HDD3
HDD2
HDD1
HDD0
GND
DRQ
/IOW
/IOR
IOCHRDY
/AKJ
PIRQ
SA1
SA0
/CS0
NC
VCC (*)
GND
Reset
Data 7
Data 6
Data 5
Data 4
Data 3
Data 2
Data 1
Data 0
Ground
IDE DMA Request
I/O write
I/O read
I/O channel ready
Acknowledge
Interrupt
Addr 1
Addr 0
Chip select 0
Not connected
+5V
Ground
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
GND
HDD8
HDD9
HDD10
HDD11
HDD12
HDD13
HDD14
HDD15
Key (NC)
GND
GND
GND
CSEL
GND
NC
NC
SA2
/CS1
GND
VCC (*)
NC
Ground
Data 8
Data 9
Data 10
Data 11
Data 12
Data 13
Data 14
Data 15
Key pin
Ground
Ground
Ground
Cable Select
Ground
Not connected
Not connected
Addr 2
Chip select 1
Ground
+5V
Not connected
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
-the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current
-the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire-protecting requirements of IEC/EN
60950.
14.2 Configuration
The IDE interface offers several configuration settings. Refer to the “IDE Configuration Submenu”
and the “Boot Menu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter for additional
information on configuration.
IDE Interface
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15. Ethernet Interface
The Ethernet interface of the T-MOPSlcdSA is realized with the 82551IT from Intel®, a fully
integrated 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX LAN solution. The 82551IT consists of both the Media Access
Controller (MAC) and the physical layer (PHY) interface combined into a single component
solution. The 32-bit PCI controller provides enhanced scatter-gather bus mastering capabilities
and enables the 82551IT to perform high-speed data transfers over the PCI bus. Two large transmit
and receive FIFOs of 3 Kbytes each help prevent data underruns and overruns while waiting for bus
accesses.
The 82551IT can operate in either full duplex or half duplex mode. In full duplex mode, the
82551IT adheres with the IEEE 802.3x Flow Control specification. Half-duplex performance is
enhanced by a proprietary, collision-reduction mechanism. The 82551IT also includes an interface
to a serial (4-pin) EEPROM. The EEPROM provides power-on initialization for hardware and software
configuration parameters.
The 82551IT provides the following features:
Notes:

Integrated IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX compatible PHY

Glueless 32-bit PCI master interface

Improved dynamic transmit chaining with multiple priorities transmit queues

Full Duplex support at both 10 and 100Mbps

IEEE 802.3u Auto-Negotiation support

3 KB transmit and 3 KB receive FIFOs

Fast back-to-back transmission support with minimum interframe spacing

IEEE 802.3x 100BASE-TX Flow Control support

Adaptive Technology

TCP/UDP checksum offload capabilities

Low power 3.3 V device

Clock run protocol support
The Ethernet interface works according to the common criteria of the embedded technology market
segment.
Ethernet Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
15.1 Connector
The Ethernet interface is available through Connector J7 (8 pins). To find the location of this
connector on the T-MOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector Locations”.
To have the signals of the Ethernet connection available on a standard RJ45 connector, you need
an adapter cable. For adapter cable information see the section “Connector Functions and
Interface Cables”.
Pin-out table:
Header
(*)
Notes:
(**)
(***)
Pin
Signal Name
Function
In/Out
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TXD+ (*)
TXD- (*)
RXD+ (**)
SHLDGND
SHLDGND
RXD- (**)
SPEEDLED (***)
LILED (***)
10BASE-T Transmit
10BASE-T Transmit
10BASE-T Receive
Shield Ground
Shield Ground
10BASE-T Receive
Speed LED
Link LED
Differential Output
Differential Output
Differential Input
Differential Input
Output
Output
TXD+, TXD- differential-output pair drives 10- and 100-megabits-per second Manchesterencoded data to 100/10BASE-T transmit lines.
RXD+, RXD- differential-input pair receives 10- and 100-megabits per second Manchesterencoded data from 100/10BASE-T receive lines.
SPEEDLED and LILED have an onboard 470Ohm serial resistor and can directly be connected
to a LED’s cathode. Connect anode to VCC.
15.2 Configuration
You can download available drivers and setup utilities from the Kontron Web site. Please refer to
the corresponding readme and setup/install files. For further information contact your local
technical support.
You can enable/disable the Ethernet controller from the “Advanced Menu” in the BIOS setup utility
or enable the Onboard LAN PXE ROM to boot the system via Ethernet connection from a PXE server.
See the “Boot Menu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter for more information.
15.3 Ethernet Technical Support
If problems occur, you can solve some of them by using the latest drivers for the INTEL® 82551IT
controller. Kontron provides you with the latest in house- tested drivers, which can differ from
newer ones. For further technical support, contact either Kontron or get support information and
downloadable software updates from Intel®.
Ethernet Interface
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
16. Power Connection
In some applications, the T-MOPSlcdSA is intended for use as a stand-alone module without a
backplane. You need to have a power connector available on the board for direct power supply. The
T-MOPSlcdSA is a +5V-only board. Peripherals can obtain additional voltage from the power
connector that is located next to the PC/104 bus. The additional voltages (+12V, -5V and -12V) are
not generated onboard the T-MOPSlcdSA.
16.1 Connector
The power connector is available as J9C (8 pins). To find the location of this connector on the TMOPSlcdSA board, please see the chapter “Connector Locations”.
The following table shows the pin-out.
Header
Pin
Signal Name
Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
GND
VCC
BATT
+12V
-5V
-12V
GND
VCC
Ground
+5V
Battery
+12V
-5V
-12V
Ground
+5V
16.2 Power Pins
Every power pin on the power connector as well as on the PC/104 bus connectors is limited to a
maximum current of 1A per pin.
If a system using a T-MOPSlcdSA is only supplied from the power connector, the following
limitations apply:
Power Connection
Power
Number of Pins
Max. Current
VCC (+5V)
+12V
-12V
-5V
GND
2
1
1
1
2
2A
1A
1A
1A
2A
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
A system using the T-MOPSlcdSA also can be supplied from the PC/104 bus connectors. If only
those supply voltages pins are used, the following limitations apply:
Power
Number of Pins on
ISA Part
Max. Current
VCC (+5V)
+12V
-12V
-5V
GND
4
2
2
2
8
4A
2A
2A
2A
8A
Modules on the PC/104 bus consuming a higher supply current must provide power supply through
an additional connector.
The T-MOPSlcdSA does not replace a backplane. Use all power pins on the power connector
and on the PC/104 connectors to supply power to the T- MOPSlcdSA, and also use all additional
power connectors on additional I/O cards if your system exceeds the above limitations. It is not
acceptable to use only the power pins of the PC/104 connector to supply power to the full PC/104
stack.
16.3 External Battery
You can connect an external battery to Pin 3 (BATT) of the power connector instead of Pin 9 of the
Keyboard connector. For more information refer to the Keyboard and Feature Interface section.
Notes:
The two battery inputs are protected against each other by diodes.
16.4 Configuration
The T-MOPSlcdSA is equipped with an Advanced Power Management system (APM). You can
configure lots of options for power-saving states such as doze/sleep, standby, and suspend state.
You can specify wake-up events that bring the system back to full-on state. Please refer to the
“Power Menu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter.
Power Connection
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17. Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer is integrated in the ATLAS CPU of the T-MOPSlcdSA and can generate a NMI or a
reset to the system. The watchdog timer circuit has to be triggered within a specified time by
application software. If the watchdog timer is not triggered because proper software execution
fails or a hardware malfunction occurs, it generates a NMI or resets the system.
17.1 Configuration
You can set the watchdog timer to enabled or disabled. You can specify the delay time and timeout
(trigger period) from 15 seconds up to 30:15 minutes. The delay time is the time after first
initialization before the trigger period starts. The timeout is the time the watchdog has to be
triggered within. If the watchdog timer is not triggered within the timeout period, the board will
be reset or a NMI is generated. You can make the initialization settings in the BIOS setup utility.
Refer to the “Watchdog Submenu” section in the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter for
information on configuration.
17.2 Programming
17.2.1 Initialization
You can initialize the watchdog timer from the BIOS setup and out of the application software with
help of the JUMPtec Intelligent Device Architecture (JIDA) programmer’s interface. For BIOS setup
options refer to the “Watchdog Submenu” section of the “Appendix B: BIOS Operation” chapter.
17.2.2 Trigger
The watchdog timer needs to be triggered out of the application software within the specified
timeout period. You can only do this in the application software with help of the JIDA
programmer’s interface.
For information about the JIDA programmer’s interface, refer to the JIDA BIOS extension section
in the Appendix B: BIOS chapter and separate documents available in the JIDA software packages
on the Kontron Web site.
Watchdog Timer
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18. Appendix A: System Resource Allocations
18.1 Interrupt Request (IRQ) Lines
Please note that Kontron PC/104 devices were designed after the draft of P996 Specification for
ISA systems. Because of this, shareable interrupts are not supported. Some PC/104 add-on board
manufacturers do not follow the P996 Specification and allow shareable interrupts. If you want to
use such PC/104 boards with Kontron devices, contact the manufacturer of the add-on board and
ask about switching to non-interrupt sharing.
Notes:
(1)
IRQ #
Used for
Available
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Timer0
Keyboard
Cascade
COM B
COM A
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
LPT
RTC
PS/2 Mouse
Numeric processor
EIDE Channel 1
Comment
Note (1)
If the “used for” device is disabled in setup, the corresponding interrupt is available for other
devices.
Appendix A: System Resource Allocations
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18.2 Direct Memory Access (DMA) Channels
DMA #
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
(1)
Notes:
(2)
(3)
Used for
LPT
Cascade
Available
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comment
Note (1), (2)
Note (3)
If the “used for“ device is disabled in setup, the corresponding DMA channel is available for
other devices.
The DMA channel is only used in ECP mode of LPT; in other modes it is available.
Possible alternative setting of LPT in ECP mode for used DMA channel.
Appendix A: System Resource Allocations
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
18.3 I/O Address Map
I/O port addresses of the processor module T-MOPSlcdSA are functionally identical to a standard
PC/AT. All addresses not mentioned in this table should be available. Kontron recommends that
you do not use I/O addresses below 0110hex with additional hardware for compatibility reasons,
even if available.
I/O
Address (h)
Use
Available
0000-000F
0020-002F
0022-0024
0030
0040-0044
0060-006F
DMA Controller 1
Interrupt Controller 1
System Control
System Control
Timer
Keyboard Controller,
Flags
Port B Register
NMI Enable Register
Real-time Clock
CMOS Register
DMA Page Register
Port A Register
(Fast A20 Gate)
No
No
No
No
No
No
0094
Graphic Motherboard
Enable
No
00A0-00A1
00C0-00DF
00E0-00EF
00F0-00FF
0100-010F
01F0-01F7
0278-027Fh
Interrupt Controller 2
DMA Controller 2
System Control
Math Coprocessor
System Control
Fixed Disk
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
0061
0070
0070-0071
0072
0080-008F
0092
02E8-02EF
No
No
No
No
No
No
Kontron Control Port
This I/O space is mirrored every 400hex
Free in standard configuration but possible address
of LPT.
Free in standard configuration but possible address
of COM.
Free when serial port is disabled in setup or
configured for different port address.
Yes
02F8-02FF
Serial Port 2
No
0330-033F
0378-037A
0378-037F
03B0-03BB
03BC-03C4h
STPC
Super I/O Configuration
Parallel Port 1
Video Subsystem
No
No
No
No
Yes
03C0-03Df
03E0-03E1
03E8-03EFh
Video Subsystem
STPC
03F6
03F8-03FF
IDE Controller
Serial Port 1
No
No
0400-041F
0420-042F
04D0-04D1
0CF8-0CFF
EF00-EF3F
FFA0-FFAF
IRQ Routing Control
DRQ Routing Control
STPC
PCI Configuration
Ethernet Controller
IDE Controller
No
No
No
No
No
No
Appendix A: System Resource Allocations
Comment
This I/O space is mirrored every 800hex
Free when parallel port is disabled in setup.
Free in standard configuration but possible address
of LPT
No
No
Yes
37
Free in standard configuration but possible address
of COM.
This I/O space is mirrored every 400hex
Free when serial port is disabled in setup or
configured for different port address.
Flexible
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
18.4 Memory Map
The T-MOPSlcdSA processor module can support up to 32MB of memory. The first 640KB of DRAM
are used as main memory.
Using DOS, you can address 1MB of memory directly. Memory area above 1MB (high memory,
extended memory) is accessed under DOS via special drivers such as HIMEM.SYS and EMM386.EXE,
which are part of the operating system. Please refer to the operating system documentation or
textbooks for information about HIMEM.SYS and EMM386.EXE.
Other operating systems (Linux or Windows versions) allow you to address the full memory area
directly.
Upper Memory
Use
Available
Comment
A0000h – BFFFFh
VGA Memory
No
Mainly used by graphic adapter cards. If a PCI graphics
card is in the system, this memory area is mapped to the
PCI bus.
C0000h – C8FFFh
CC000h – EFFFFh
VGA BIOS
No
Yes
F0000h – FFFFFh
System BIOS
Appendix A: System Resource Allocations
Free for ISA bus or shadow RAM in standard
configurations.
If onboard LAN RPL ROM is enabled, JRC is used, or
LCD-matrix support is enabled, a 16K block is shadowed
for BIOS extensions, starting with first free area at
C8000h, CC000h, D0000h, D4000h, D8000h, DC000h,
E0000h, E4000h, E8000h or EC000h. (BIOS extensions
do not use the whole shadow block.)
No
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
18.4.1 Using Expanded Memory Managers
T-MOPSlcdSA extension BIOSes may be mapped to an upper memory area. (See the previous table.)
Some add-on boards also have optional ROMs or use drivers that communicate with their
corresponding devices via memory mapped I/O such as dual-ported RAM. These boards have to
share the upper memory area with the EMS frame of the Expanded Memory Manager (EMM). This
often causes several problems in the system.
Most EMMs scan the upper memory area for extension BIOSes (optional ROMs) and choose a free
memory area for their frame if it is not explicitly set. Normally, they are not always capable of
detecting special memory-mapped I/O areas. You need to tell the EMM which memory areas are not
available for the EMS frames, which is usually done by using special exclusion parameters.
If the EMM cannot detect extension BIOSes (optional ROMs), make sure you excluded all areas in
the upper memory, which are used by extension BIOSes, too. Your instruction in the CONFIG.SYS
concerning the Expanded Memory Manager should look like this: (question marks for location of
extension BIOS).
MS-DOS Example
DEVICE=EMM386.EXE X=????-???? X=F000-FFFF
Notes:
When booting up your system using this configuration under MS-DOS, the exclusion of area F000 to
FFFF causes a warning. Microsoft reports that this message will always appear when the F000 segment
lies in the shadow RAM. This is a bug of EMM386, not of the T-MOPSlcdSA.
Please read the technical manuals of add-on cards used with the T-MOPSlcdSA for the memory
areas they use. If necessary, also exclude their memory locations to avoid a conflict with the EMM.
Appendix A: System Resource Allocations
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19. Appendix B: BIOS Operation
The T-MOPSlcdSA comes with the modular AMIBIOS8 of American Megatrends Inc. The BIOS is
located in an onboard Flash EEPROM in compressed form. American Megatrends refers to the BIOS
setup utility as ezPORT. The device has 8-bit access. The shadow RAM feature provides faster access
(16 bits). The onboard Flash EEPROM also holds Kontron BIOS extensions, which are loaded during
boot-up if the corresponding feature is enabled.
You can update the BIOS using a Flash utility.
19.1 Determining BIOS Version
To determine the BIOS version of the T-MOPSlcdSA , immediately press the <Pause/Break> key on
your keyboard as soon as you see the following text display in the upper left corner of your screen:
AMIBIOS (C) 2003 American Megatrends, Inc.
BIOS Date: 22/08/05 17:59:22 Ver: 08.00.09
Kontron(R) BIOS Version <PEXTR113>
Copyright 2002-2005 Kontron Embedded Modules GmbH
Whenever you contact technical support about BIOS issues, providing a BIOS version <PEXTR???> is
especially helpful.
The system BIOS provides additional information about the board’s serial number, CPU, and
memory information by displaying information similar to the following:
S/N: ETA090080
CPU : SGS Thompson 486DX2
Speed : 120MHz
Press DEL to run Setup (F4 on Remote Keyboard)
Press F11 for BBS POPUP (F3 on remote Keyboard)
Checking NVRAM..
Initializing USB Controllers .. Done.
28MB OK
The board’s serial number has value to technical support. T-MOPSlcdSA serial numbers always start
with ET and are followed by up to seven characters and digits. The first three positions represent
the lot number and the last three or four digits are the number of the board in that lot.
In the example above, the T-MOPSlcdSA with the serial number ETA090080 is board number 80
from the lot A09.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
19.2 Setup Guide (ezPORT)
The ezPORT Setup Utility changes system behavior by modifying the BIOS configuration. The utility
uses a number of menus to make changes and turn features on or off.
The ezPORT setup menus documented in this section represent those found in most models of the
T-MOPSlcdSA. The BIOS setup for specific models can differ slightly.
Notes:
Selecting incorrect values may cause system boot failure. Load setup failsafe defaults <F8> or optimal
defaults <F9> to recover the system.
19.2.1 Start ezPORT BIOS Setup Utility
To start the ezPORT BIOS Setup Utility, press the <DEL> key when the following string appears
during boot-up.
Press DEL to run Setup
The Main Menu then appears. It is the first screen that you can navigate.
19.2.2 General Information
The ezPORT Setup Screen is composed of four sections:
Section
Location
Function
Menu Bar
Information Bar
Menu Window
Help Window
Top
Bottom
Left Center
Right Center
Lists and selects all top-level menus.
Shows version and copyright information.
Selection fields for current menu.
Help for selected menu.
Menu Bar
The menu bar at the top of the window lists different top-level menus. Use the  and  arrow
keys to make a selection.
Information Bar
Here you can see general information about the version of the BIOS as well as copyright
information.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
Menu Window
The menu window frame on the left center side of the screen displays all the options of the
currently selected top-level menu that can be configured. These configurable options are shown in
blue. “Grayed-out” options cannot be configured. Use the or Arrow key to select an item.
Help Window
The right center frame is the help window and displays the key legend as well as item specific text
messages. When an option is selected in the menu window, it is highlighted in white. Often a text
message accompanies it.
Hot Keys
The ezPORT setup utility uses a key-based navigation system called hot keys. Most ezPORT BIOS
setup utility hot keys can be used at any time during the setup navigation process. These keys
include <F1>, <F10>, <Enter>, and <ESC>.
Hot Keys
Function
<F1>
<Esc>
<F10>
 or  Arrow key
or Arrow key
<Tab>
<Home> or <End>
<PgUp> or <PgDn>
<+> or <->
<F7>
<F8>
<F9>
<Enter>
<F2>/<F3>
General Help window.
Discard Changes and Exit window.
Save Configuration and Exit window.
Select a top-level menu.
Select items in current menu.
Select an items setup field.
Move cursor to top or bottom of current screen.
Move cursor to next or previous page.
Select next or previous value for the current field.
Discard changes.
Load the failsafe default configuration.
Load the optimal default configuration.
Execute command or select submenu.
Change colors.
Selecting an Item
Use the or key to move the cursor to the item you want. Then use the <+> and <-> keys to
select a value for that field. Changes you made for the single items keep the new configuration for
all the BIOS session, but they are only saved to the CMOS and EEPROM, when the <F10> key is
pressed, and the setup is finished.
Displaying Submenus
A pointer () marks all submenus that are available in your current top-level menu. Use the or 
key to move the cursor to the submenu you want. Then press <Enter>.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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General Help Window
Pressing <F1> on any menu brings up the General Help window that describes the hot keys and
their functions. Press <Enter> to exit the General Help window.
Save Configuration and Exit Window
Pressing the <F10> key brings up a window with the question “Save configuration and exit now?”.
Choose [OK] when you want to do this or [Cancel] when you want to return to the previous screen.
You can select one of the two options by using the arrow keys.
Discard Changes and Exit Window
Pressing the <ESC> key brings up a window with the question “Discard changes and exit now?”
Choose [OK] when you want to do this or [Cancel] when you want to return to the previous screen.
You can select one of the two options by using the arrow keys. If your choice was [OK], your setup
changes will not be saved.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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19.3 Main Menu
Feature
Option
Description
System Overview
AMIBIOS
Version
Build Date
ID
Displays the AMIBIOS version code in format XX.XX.XX.
Displays the build date of the BIOS in format MM.DD.YY.
Displays Kontron BIOS revision in format PEXTR???
(??? Is the revision number).
Processor
Type
Displays system processor,
normally SGS Thompson 486DX2.
Displays processor’s internal clock rate in format,
normally 120MHz.
Displays amount of processors recognized by the BIOS.
The count is always 1, this is not a multi-processor system.
Speed
Count
1
System Memory
Size
System Time
System Date
Notes:
HH:MM:SS
DOW MM/DD/YYYY
Displays the amount of system’s extended memory,
normally 28MB or 60MB. (4MB of memory module are used for
UMA graphic frame buffer)
Set system time. Press <Enter> to move to MM or SS.
Set system date. Press <Enter> to move to DD or YYYY.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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19.4 Advanced Menu
All entries in this part of the BIOS setup utility are vital to your system. Change settings only if you
are sure of what you are doing. Some changes may not be suitable for your complete system and
may lead to unwanted system behavior.
Feature
Option
Description
Advanced Settings
IDE Configuration
Submenu
Watchdog
Submenu
Remote Access Configuration
Submenu
USB Configuration
Submenu
Onboard Ethernet
Enabled
Disabled
Opens IDE Configuration submenu, which allows you to
configure IDE devices.
Opens Watchdog submenu, which allows you
to configure the watchdog timer.
Opens Remote Access Configuration submenu,
which allows you to configure the AMIBIOS remote system.
(This is not the Kontron JRC feature!)
Opens USB Configuration submenu, which allows you
to configure the OHCI controller and USB devices.
Enables/Disables the onboard
Davicom DM9102A Ethernet controller.
Notes:
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
19.4.1 IDE Configuration Submenu
Feature
IDE Configuration
OnBoard PCI IDE Controller
Primary IDE Master
Primary IDE Slave
Hard Disk Write Protect
IDE Detect Time Out (Sec)
Notes:
Option
Description
Primary
Disabled
Submenu
Submenu
Disabled
Enabled
0 to 35
Disabled: disables the integrated IDE controller
Primary: enables the integrated IDE controller
Opens Primary IDE Master submenu.
Opens Primary IDE Slave submenu.
Write accesses through the BIOS can be enabled/disabled here;
accesses overriding the BIOS are not affected.
Enter the timeout value for the detection of ATA/ATAPI devices here.
Smaller values can speed up the boot process but increase the risk that
a connected device will not be detected.
When Type in the Master/slave submenus is set to Auto,
set this item to 35.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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19.4.2 Master or Slave Submenus
Feature
Option
Primary IDE Master/Slave
Device
Vendor
Size
LBA Mode
Block Mode
PIO Mode
Async DMA
Ultra DMA
S.M.A.R.T.
Type
Not Installed
Auto
CDROM
ARMD
LBA/Large Mode
Disabled
Auto
Block (Multi Sector Transfer)
Disabled
Auto
PIO Mode
Auto,
0, 1, 2, 3, 4
DMA Mode
Auto
SWDMA0
SWDMA1
SWDMA2
MWDMA0
MWDMA1
MWDMA2
UDMA0
UDMA1
UDMA2
Auto
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
S.M.A.R.T.
32Bit Data Transfer
Notes:
Description
Displays the detected type of IDE drive or “Not detected.”
Displays drive’s vendor information.
Displays drive’s capacity.
Displays LBA Mode information of drive.
In LBA mode, the maximum capacity is 137GB.
Displays Block Mode information of the drive. With Block Mode capability
up to 64KB, data transfer per interrupt is possible.
Displays highest PIO Mode supported by the drive.
The higher the PIO Mode, the less the cycle time.
Displays highest asynchronous DMA mode supported by drive.
Displays highest synchronous DMA mode supported by drive.
Displays whether drive supports SMART monitoring.
Selects the type of device connected to the system.
Not installed: prevents BIOS from searching a device.
Auto: allows BIOS to detect device.
CDROM: specifies that a CDROM is attached.
ARMD: specifies an ATAPI removable device is attached.
Selects the LBA mode capability of the device.
Disabled: prevents BIOS from using LBA.
Auto: allows BIOS to detect LBA capability.
Selects multisector transfer capability of the device.
Disabled: prevents BIOS from using multisector transfer.
Auto: allows BIOS to detect multisector transfer capability.
Selects the PIO Mode capability of the drive.
Auto: allows BIOS to detect the supported PIO mode.
0, 1, 2, 3, 4: sets the PIO mode.
Selects the DMA Mode capability of the drive.
Auto: allows BIOS to detect DMA capability.
SWDMA0,1,2: sets single word DMA mode.
MW DMA0,1,2: sets multiword DMA mode.
UDMA0,1,2: sets ultra DMA mode.
Selects drive’s SMART monitoring capability.
Auto: allows the BIOS to detect SMART capability.
Disabled/Enabled: switch off or on SMART feature.
Selects 32Bit data transfer option.
Disabled/Enabled: switch off or on 32-bit data transfer.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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19.4.3 Watchdog Submenu
Feature
Configure Watchdog Parameters
Mode
Timeout (*)
Notes:
Option
Description
Disabled
Reset
NMI
15s to 30:15m
Disabled: Switches watchdog timer off.
Reset: Resets the system when the timeout time is reached.
NMI: Generates an NMI when the timeout period is reached.
Selects the timeout time for the watchdog in a range of 15 seconds
up to 30:15 minutes. The timeout time is the time the watchdog
has been triggered within.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
This is not visible if Mode is disabled.
19.4.4 Remote Access Configuration
This remote access system is an AMIBIOS feature and has nothing to do with the Kontron JRC
Remote Control Extension BIOS. The following information describes the differences:

The AMIBIOS Remote Access feature always sends output data to the specified serial
port when enabled. It is not possible to use the port for other devices during the time this
feature is enabled. On the other side of the serial connection, a system with terminal
software can be used to display the BIOS output information, enter setup, and configure
BIOS settings. Terminal software settings and the remote-access configuration setting
have to match to establish a working connection between the host and slave. See the
configuration settings in the table below.

The Kontron JRC Remote Control software only becomes active when a JRC connection
is detected during the first steps of the boot process. This allows users to have other
devices connected to the same serial port instead of the JRC connection - without output
affecting them. On the other side of the serial connection a DOS- or Windows- based system
running the JRC host software is required. For configuration settings and functional
description read the technical manual of the JRC software.
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Feature
Configure Remote Access
Type and Parameters
Remote Access
Serial Port Number (*)
Serial Port Mode (*)
Flow Control (*)
Option
Description
Disabled
Enabled
COM1
COM2
115200 8,n,1
57600 8,n,1
19200 8,n,1
None
Hardware
Software
Disabled/Enabled: Switches remote-access feature off or on.
Redirection after BIOS POST (*)
Disabled
Boot Loader
Always (**)
Terminal Type (*)
ANSI
VT100
VT -UTF8
Disabled
Enabled
VT -UTF8 Combo Key Support
(***)
Notes:
Sets the serial port used for remote access to COM1 or COM2.
Enable the selected port in the Super I/O Confi guration submenu.
Sets serial port mode for remote access to 115200, 57600 or 19200
Baud. 8-bit data, no parity bit, and one stop bit is used.
Select flow control.
None: No flow control used.
Hardware: Hardware handshake used.
Software: Software handshake used.
Select redirection after POST.
Disabled: Turns off redirection after POST.
Boot Loader: Turns on redirection during POST and boot loader.
Always: Redirection is always on.
Selects target-terminal type.
ANSI, VT100, or VT-UTF8.
Enable/Disable: Switches off or on VT-UTF8
combination-key support for ANSI and VT100 terminals.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
This is visible only if Remote Access is enabled.
(**)
Some operating systems may not work correctly if this is set to always.
(***)
This is visible only when Terminal Type is set to ANSI or VT100.
19.4.5 USB Configuration Submenu
Feature
USB Configuration
Module Version
USB Devices Enabled
Legacy USB Support
USB Mass Storage Device
Configuration(*)
Notes:
Option
Description
Disabled
Enabled
Auto
Submenu
Displays version information about the used USB module.
Displays all attached and configured USB devices.
Disabled/enabled: switches onboard USB controller legacy support off
or on.
Auto: USB controller is of when no USB devices connected.
Opens USB Mass Storage Device Configuration submenu.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
This is visible only if a Mass Storage Device is connected.
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19.4.6 USB Mass Storage Device Configuration Submenu
Feature
USB Mass Storage Device
Configuration
USB Mass Storage Reset Delay
Device #
Emulation Type
USB Mass Storage Reset Delay
Notes:
Option
Description
10, 20, 30, 40
Sec
Number of seconds POST waits for the USB mass storage device after
the start unit command. If an attached device cannot be detected try a
longer delay.
Displays the device names by their available vendor code.
Select emulation of the device.
Auto: Devices less than 530MB will be emulated as floppy, remaining
as hard drive.
Floppy: Device will be emulated as floppy.
Forced FDD: HDD formatted device will be emulated as FDD.
Hard Disk: Device will be emulated as HDD
CDROM: Device is emulated as CDROM
Number of seconds POST waits for the USB mass storage device after
the start unit command.
Auto
Floppy
Forced FDD
Hard Disk
CDROM
10, 20, 30, 40
Sec
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
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19.5 PCI PnP Menu
All entries in this part of the BIOS setup utility are vital to your system. Change settings only if you
are sure of what you are doing. Some changes may not be suitable for your complete system and
may lead to unwanted system behavior.
Feature
Advanced PCI/PnP Settings
Plug & Play OS(*)
PCI Latency Timer
Palette Snooping
Description
No
Yes
Selects a Plug & Play operating system:
No: Lets the BIOS configure all the devices in the system.
Yes: Lets the operating system configure plug & play devices.
Sets value of latency-timer register for the PCI device
(in units of PCI clocks).
32, 64, 96, 128,
160, 192, 224,
248
Disabled
Enabled
PCI IDE BusMaster
Disabled
Enabled
IRQ 5(**)
Reserved
Available
IRQ9
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ14
IRQ15
Notes:
Option
Disabled/Enabled: Switches palette snooping feature off or on.
When enabled, the PCI graphic adapter is informed about an ISA or a
none PnP-PCI graphic adapter. Always check graphic adapter card
manual before setting this feature.
Selects PCI IDE bus mastering feature:
Disabled: Prevents PCI IDE bus mastering.
Enabled: Allows PCI IDE bus mastering.
Selects the use of the IRQ resource:
Available: this IRQ is available for PCI/PnP devices.
Reserved: this IRQ is reserved for use of legacy ISA devices.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
Set this parameter to “no” if you are not sure whether the OS you use meets the PnP
specification.
(**)
Up to BIOS version PEXTR112 the default setting was Reserved.
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Feature
Option
Description
DMA Channel 0
Reserved
Available
DMA Channel 1
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Reserved
Available
Disabled
16, 32, 64k
Selects the use of the DMA resource:
Available: this DMA is available for PCI/PnP devices.
Reserved: this DMA is reserved for use of legacy ISA devices.
See above.
DMA Channel 3
DMA Channel 5
DMA Channel 6
DMA Channel 7
Reserved Memory Size (*)
Reserved Memory Address (**)
Notes:
C0000,
C4000,
C8000,
.
.
DC000
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
Disabled: No memory block for legacy ISA devices reserved.
16, 32, 64k: specifies the size of memory block reserved for
legacy ISA devices.
Selects the base address of the memory block reserved for legacy ISA
devices.
The memory addresses C0000 and C 4000 are usually used by the
onboard graphic device. Your graphic output will fail if using these
areas. These settings only make sense if you are working in a system
without graphic output.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
If a legacy ISA device of your system requires an UMB area, this needs to be reserved.
(**)
This is visible only if a Reserved Memory Size is set.
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19.6 Boot Menu
Feature
Option
Description
Boot Settings
Boot Settings Configuration
Submenu
Opens the boot settings configuration submenu. You can configure
options for the boot process.
Selects the boot sequence from the available devices.
Disabled: this device will not be used to boot from.
All others: devices are listed by their available vendor code.
See above.
1st Boot Device (*)
Disabled
N/A
2nd Boot Device (*)
Disabled
N/A
Disabled
N/A
Disabled
N/A
Disabled
Enabled
3rd Boot Device (*)
4th Boot Device (*)
Onboard LAN PXE ROM (**)
Notes:
See above.
See above.
Disabled/Enabled: Switches the remote boot BIOS extension for the
onboard LAN controller off or on.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
The availability of these entries depends upon how many boot devices exist in the system. The
list of devices is dynamically arranged (none to four devices visible).
(**)
When this feature is enabled, boot-up the system again, configure the PXE ROM BIOS settings,
and re-enter the ezPORT utility to set boot sequence.
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19.6.1 Boot Settings Configuration Submenu
Feature
Boot Settings Configuration
Quick Boot
Quiet Boot
AddOn ROM Display Mode
Bootup Num-Lock
Option
Description
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled/Enabled: Switches the quick boot mode off or on. Enabling
quick boot skips certain tests while booting and decreases boot time.
Selects what is displayed during boot-up.
Disabled: displays normal POST messages during boot-up.
Enabled: displays dark screen instead of POST messages.
Selects display mode for option ROM.
Force BIOS
Keep Current
On
Off
PS/2 Mouse Support
Auto
Disable
Enabled
Wait for ‘F1’ If Error
Disabled
Enabled
Hit ‘DEL’ Message Display
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Interrupt 19 Capture
Notes:
Selects Power-on state for Numlock.
On: Numlock for alphanumeric keypad is on.
Off: Numlock for alphanumeric keypad is off.
Selects the way PS/2 Mouse support is handled.
Auto: BIOS auto-detects if a PS/2 Mouse is connected.
Disabled: PS/2 Mouse support is off.
Enabled: PS/2 Mouse support is on.
Disabled/Enabled: switches the wait function off or on.
If enabled, the boot process stops when detecting an error;
the user has to press <F1> to continue.
Disabled/Enabled: switches the Hit DEL message off or on.
Disabled/Enabled: Switches the interrupt 19hex capturing off or on.
When this feature is enabled, option ROMs are allowed to trap the
interrupt 19hex.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
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19.7 Security Menu
Feature
Option
Security Settings
Supervisor Password
User Password
Change Supervisor Password
User Access Level (*)
No Access
View Only
Limited
Full Access
Change User Password
Clear User Password
Password Check
Boot Sector Virus Protection
Notes:
Setup
Always
Disabled
Enabled
Description
Displays “Installed” or “Not Installed,” depending on whether a
password has been set.
Displays “Installed” or “Not Installed,” depending on whether a
password has been set.
Opens a password dialog in which the new supervisor password has to
be entered and confirmed.
Selects access rights of a user:
No Access: prevents user access to the setup utility.
View Only: allows views of the setup utility but blocks changes.
Limited: allows limited access (such as date and time).
Full Access: allows all changes by the user.
Opens a password dialog in which a new user password has to be
entered and confirmed.
Clears user password.
Selects which condition requires a password:
Setup: password is required to enter the setup.
Always: password is required to enter setup on every boot.
Disabled/Enabled: Switches the BIOS protection of the boot sector off
or on.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
This is visible only if a Supervisor Pathword is set.
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19.8 Chipset Menu
All entries in this part of the BIOS setup utility are vital to your system. Change settings only if you
are sure of what you are doing. Some changes may not be suitable for your complete system and
may lead to unwanted system behavior.
Feature
Option
Description
STPC Integrated IO Device
Configuration
Cache & Shadow Configuration
Submenu
Opens a submenu to configure IO devices integrated in the chipset.
Submenu
North Bridge Configuration
Submenu
ISA Bus Configuration
Submenu
Opens Cache & Shadow Configuration submenu. Users can configure
cache and shadow memory areas.
Opens North Bridge Configuration submenu for configuration of the PCI
bridge and the memory controller.
Opens ISA Bus Configuration submenu for configuration the ISA bridge
and optimize the ISA bus performance.
Notes:
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
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19.8.1 STPC Integrated IO Device Configuration Submenu
Feature
Option
Description
STPC Serial Port A
Auto
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ4
3E8/IRQ4
2E8/IRQ4
STPC Serial Port B
Auto
3F8/IRQ3
2F8/IRQ3
3E8/IRQ3
2E8/IRQ3
STPC Parallel Port Base Address
(*)
Auto
Disabled
378 (LPT1)
278 (LPT2)
3BC (LPT3)
STPC Parallel Port Mode
Normal Mode
Bidirectional Mode
EPP Mode
ECP Mode
STPC Parallel Port DMA Channel
(**)
DMA1
DMA3
Selects address and IRQ of the physical COM A.
Auto: BIOS selects the address and IRQ.
3F8/IRQ4: set to logical COM 1.
2F8/IRQ4: set to logical COM 2.
3E8/IRQ4: set to logical COM 3.
2E8/IRQ4: set to logical COM 4.
Selects address and IRQ of the physical COM B.
Auto: BIOS selects the address and IRQ.
3F8/IRQ3: set to logical COM 1.
2F8/IRQ3: set to logical COM 2.
3E8/IRQ3: set to logical COM 3.
2E8/IRQ3: set to logical COM 4.
Select address of physical LPT port.
Auto: BIOS selects the address.
Disabled: switches the port off.
378: set to logical LPT 1.
278: set to logical LPT 2.
3BC: set to user LPT port.
Selects parallel port mode.
Normal Mode: set to unidirectional printer mode.
Bidirectional Mode: set to bidirectional printer mode
EPP Mode: set to extended mode EPP
ECP: set to extended mode ECP with DMA
Selects the DMA 1 or 3 channel used in ECP mode.
Notes:
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
Even if this item is set to disabled, the IRQ7 used for this device will not be available.
(**)
This is visible only if a parallel port mode is ECP.
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19.8.2 Cache & Shadow Configuration Submenu
Feature
Option
Description
Internal Cache(*)
Write-Through
Write-Back
Cache Video BIOS
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Selects the mode of the internal processor cache:
Write-Through: Writes are sent to main memory at once.
Write Back: Writes are only sent to main memory until necessary.
Disabled/Enabled: switches caching of video BIOS off or on.
C000, 16K Shadow (**)
C400, 16K Shadow(**)
C800, 16K Shadow
For every 16K block
E800, 16K Shadow
EC00, 16K Shadow
Notes:
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled/Enabled: switches a 16K memory block shadowing off or on. When
shadowing is enabled, all accesses go to the main memory shadow region.
When shadowing is disabled, the same accesses would go to the ISA bus
addresses.
See above.
See above.
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
See above.
See above.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
Don’t set Internal Cache to Write Through, this may cause system failures. Therefore this Setup
entry was removed with BIOS version PEXTR113 and later. The cache was always set to Write
Back.
(**)
These Setup entries are not available since BIOS version PEXTR113 because Cache Video
BIOS already takes care of these UMB areas.
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19.8.3 North Bridge Configuration Submenu
Feature
Option
Description
Refresh Cycle Time
RActive to Read/Write
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Precharge To Row Active
0, 1, 2, 3
CAS Latency
2, 3
MEM16_OE
8mA
16mA
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
PCI 2.0
PCI 2.1
Sets the refresh cycle time for SDRAM.
Kontron recommends using the default value of 8.
Sets the RAS active to read/write time for SDRAM accesses.
Kontron recommends using the default value of 3.
Sets the precharge to row active delay time for SDRAM
accesses. Kontron recommends using the default value of 3.
Sets the CAS latency time for SDRAM accesses. Kontron
recommends using the default value of 2.
Sets driver current for SDRAM interface.
Kontron recommends using the default value of 8mA.
Sets the refresh cycle time for SDRAM.
Kontron recommends using the default value of 8.
Sets the PCI Bus compatibility to standard 2.0 or 2.1.
PCI 2.1 is recommended; however, users may need to set
some none PCI 2.1 add-on cards to PCI 2.0.
Disabled/Enabled: Switches read buffering for PCI to Host
accesses off or on.
Disabled/Enabled: Switches write buffering for PCI to Host
accesses off or on.
Read Clock Delay Programming
PCI Standard
PCI to Host Read Prefetch
PCI to Host Write Posting
Notes:
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
19.8.4 ISA Bus Configuration Submenu
Feature
Option
Description
ISA Write Posting
Disabled
Enabled
ISA Read Buffer
Disabled
Enabled
ISA Extra Wait States
Disabled
Enabled
DMA Clock
ISACLK / 2
ISACLK
DMA MEMR#-IOW# Delay
Disabled
Enabled
16-bit DMA Wait States
8-bit DMA Wait States
1, 2, 3, 4
1, 2, 3, 4
Disabled/Enabled.
Switches the PCI to ISA write buffering off or on.
Kontron recommends using the default value of Enabled.
Disabled/Enabled.
Switches PCI to ISA read buffering off or on.
Kontron recommends using the default value of Enabled.
Disabled/Enabled.
Switches additional ISA wait states off or on.
Users can enable this feature with slow ISA extension cards
Sets clock of ISA DMA operation. ISACLK is set in this
table under feature ISA Clock. Kontron recommends
using the default value of ISACLK.
Disabl ed/Enabled.
Switches the extra delay for DMA accesses off or on.
Kontron recommends using the default value of Disabled.
Sets wait states for 16-bit ISA DMA accesses.
Sets wait states for 8-bit ISA DMA accesses.
Notes:
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
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19.9 Power Menu
Feature
Option
Description
APM Configuration
Power Management/APM (*)
Disabled, Enabled
Disabled/Enabled.
Switches power management system off or on.
Sets timeout value for the period after which the system
goes into doze/sleep state.
Doze/Sleep Timeout
Doze Stop Clock Ratio
Standby Timeout
Standby Stop Clock Ratio
Suspend Timeout
Suspend Stop Clock Ratio
DMA Request Monitor
PCI Master Monitor
Parallel Port Monitor
Serial Port Monitor
Keyboard Monitor
Floppy Disk Monitor
Hard Disk Monitor
Display Activity
IRQ15 Thru 1 Monitor
IRQ0 Monitor
NMI Monitor
Video Power Down Mode
Green PC Monitor State
Hard Disk Power Down Mode
Hard Disk Timeout (Minute)
Notes:
Disabled, 50ms,
100ms, 500ms,
Reserved, 4s, 8s,
16s
Disabled, 50%, 25%
Disabled, Reserved,
2m, 4m, 6m, 8m,
12m, 16m
Disabled, 50%, 25%,
12.5%, 6.25%,
3,125%, 1.5625%,
Stop CPU Clock
Disabled, 4m, 8m,
12m, 16m, 32m,
48m, 64m
Disabled, 50%, 25%,
12.5%, 6.25%,
3,125%, 1.5625%,
Stop CPU Clock
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Ignore, Monitor
Disabled, Standby,
Suspend
Standby, Suspend,
Mechanical Off
Disabled, Standby,
Suspend
Disabled, 0, 1, 2, 3,
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15
Selects CPU clock throttle into doze state.
Sets timeout value for the period after which
goes into standby state.
Selects CPU clock throttle in standby state.
Sets timeout value for the period after which the system goes to
suspend state.
Selects CPU clock throttle in standby state.
Selects whether the system monitors this event for wake up or
ignores this event and stays in the APM state.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
See above.
Selects whether the video is powered down in suspend or
standby state, or if it is not powered down.
Selects Green PC Monitor State.
Selects whether hard disk is powered down
in suspend or standby state, or if it is not powered down.
Sets timeout value for the period after which
the hard disk goes to power-saving state.
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
(*)
All other options are only visible when this feature is enabled.
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19.10Exit Menu
Feature
Exit Options
Save Changes and Exit
Option
Description
Ok
Cancel
Opens Save Configuration and Exit window.
Pressing the <F10> key does the same.
Choose [OK] to do so or [Cancel] to return to previous setup screen.
Opens Discard Changes and Exit window.
Pressing the <ESC> key does the same.
Choose [OK] to do so or [Cancel] to return to previous setup screen.
Opens Discard Changes window.
Pressing the <F7> key does the same.
Choose [OK] to do so or [Cancel] to return to previous setup screen.
Opens Load Optimal Defaults window.
Pressing the <F9> key does the same.
Choose [OK] to do so or [Cancel] to return to previous setup screen.
Opens Load Failsafe Defaults window.
Pressing the <F8> key does the same.
Choose [OK] to do so or [Cancel] to return to previous setup screen.
Discard Changes and Exit
Ok
Cancel
Discard Changes
Ok
Cancel
Load Optimal Defaults
Ok
Cancel
Load Failsafe Defaults
Ok
Cancel
Notes:
In the Option column, bold shows default settings.
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19.11Kontron BIOS Extensions
Besides the AMIBIOS, the T-MOPSlcdSA comes with a few BIOS extensions that support additional
features. All extensions are located in the onboard Flash EEPROM. Some extensions are
permanently available; some are loaded if required during boot-up. Supported features include:

JIDA standard

Remote Control feature (JRC)

Onboard LAN RPL ROM

DOT-matrix LCD
All enabled BIOS extensions require shadow RAM. They will be loaded into the same 16K shadowed
memory block, if possible. However, if the system memory cannot find free memory space because
all the memory is already used for add-on peripherals, the BIOS extensions do not load.
19.11.1 JIDA BIOS extension
The JUMPtec Intelligent Device Architecture (JIDA) BIOS extension is not a true extension BIOS. It
is part of the system BIOS and is located in the system BIOS segments after boot-up. It is
permanently available and supports the JIDA 16-bit standard and the JISA 32-bit standard. The
JIDA 16-bit standard is a software interrupt 15hex driven programmer interface and offers lots of
board information functions. For detailed information about programming, refer to the JIDA
specification and a source code example (JIDAI???.ZIP), which you can find on the Kontron Web
site. The three question marks represent the revision number of the file. You also can contact
technical support for this file.
For other operating systems, special drivers (JIDAIA??.ZIP) are available. You can download the zip
file from the Kontron Web site.
19.11.2 Remote Control Client Extension
You can remotely control the T-MOPSlcdSA using software available from Kontron (JRC-1, Part
Number 96047-0000-00-0). This software tool can communicate with the board via one of the
serial ports. During boot-up of the T-MOPSlcdSA , the system BIOS scans the serial ports for an
available JRC connection. If detected, it loads the JRC client BIOS extension into the memory. With
the JRC client loaded into the first detected free memory location between D0000hex and
EC000hex, a 16K block is shadowed.
For more information on the Remote Control usage, refer to the JRC-1 technical manual or
Application Note JRCUsage_E???.PDF, which you can find on the Kontron Web site.
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19.11.3 LAN RPL ROM
If the onboard LAN RPL ROM is enabled in the system BIOS setup, an optional ROM for the Ethernet
controller loads into memory during boot-up. This optional ROM allows you to boot the TMOPSlcdSA over an Ethernet connection. A server with Intel PXE/RPL boot support is required on
the other side of the Ethernet connection. The setup and configuration of the server, including
PXE/RPL support, is not the responsibility of Kontron.
The RPL ROM extension is loaded into the first free memory area between D0000hex and EC000hex.
A 16K block is shadowed.
19.11.4 DOT-Matrix LCD BIOS Extension
The T-MOPSlcdSA can drive an LCD-DOT matrix display on the parallel port. It can support character
LCDs for up to 40 columns and four rows, which are equipped with a Hitachi HD44780 controller or
a compatible one. A BIOS extension of the T-MOPSlcdSA controls the outputs to the display via
software interrupt INT10hex. You only can use this feature with DOS.
If the DOT-matrix LCD interface is set up by using software tool ALCDINIT.EXE, the BIOS extension
that supports this feature loads during boot-up.
The BIOS extension for the DOT-matrix LCD loads into the first free memory area between
D0000hex and EC000hex; a 16K block of memory is shadowed. However, if the system memory
cannot find free memory space because all the memory is already used for add-on peripherals, the
BIOS extension will not load.
Users can download the software tool ALCDINIT.EXE and a related application note from the
Kontron Web site. Programming, detailed configuration, and connectivity information is available
in Application Note DotMatrixPC104_E???.PDF. The three question marks represent the document
revision number. Users can download the application note from the Kontron Web site, or request it
from technical support.
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19.12Updating or Restoring BIOS
If your T-MOPSlcdSA board requires a newer BIOS version or the BIOS is damaged, you may need to
update or restore the BIOS.
AMIBIOS allows you to update or restore the BIOS by using a serial port connection without having
to install a new ROM chip (AMIBIOS8 Serial Flash).
To use the AMIBIOS8 Serial Flash feature the following requirements have to be fulfilled:


A “Host” system with serial port running terminal program that supports XMODEM
transfer protocol (HyperTerminal for Microsoft Windows, minicom for Linux/FreeBSD, etc.)
Null modem cable
19.12.1 Null modem cable
A standard null modem cable with DSUB-9 connectors on both sides integrates the following
connections:
If you decide to make your own cable for direct connection to the 10 pin header of the TMOPSlcdSA, please refer to the Serial-Communication Interfaces chapter for pin-out information.
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19.12.2 BIOS Update or Recovery Step-by-Step
For a BIOS update or recovery please do the following:
1. Attach a null modem cable to the serial port of the system that requires an update
(“target”). Attach the other end of the null modem cable to a system running the terminal
program (“host”).
2. Make sure the new BIOS image file is accessible from the host system.
3. Start the terminal program on the host and open a new session. The session should use the
following communication parameters:




Bits per second: 115200
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
4. Start the target system. The terminal on the host should display the following message:
“Press <SpaceBar> to invoke remote BIOS flash” (*). Immediately press the SpaceBar on
the host to confirm. If the SpaceBar is not pressed within a few seconds, the system will
skip the flash update and perform a normal boot procedure.
5. A second string will appear on the host terminal: “Begin remote BIOS flash? [y/n]”. Press
the <Y>’ key on the host to continue. If the <N> is pressed, the system will skip the flash
update and perform a normal boot procedure.
6. You will be prompted to upload the new BIOS file using the XMODEM protocol. Use the host
terminal program to select the proper BIOS image and transfer it to the target.
7. If the transfer from host to target is successful, the target will update the BIOS and indicate
success. Restart the system by switching the main power supply off and on. The system will
then reboot using the new BIOS image.
(*)
Notes:
If the target system has multiple serial ports, only one will be enabled for Serial Flash. COM1 is
the default port. A system that does not display the ‘Press <SpaceBar> to invoke remote BIOS
flash’ string over the serial port does not have support for the Serial Flash feature.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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19.12.3 Terminal Programs
HyperTerminal (**) for Microsoft Windows is the most common terminal program available today.
XMODEM transfers can be initiated using the ‘Send File’ dialog under the ‘Transfer’ menu.
AMIBIOS8 Serial Flash will work with any terminal communications program that supports VT-100
and XMODEM protocols. This includes products designed for GNU/LINUX & BSD operating systems,
such as minicom. It is recommended that the terminal program be configured to use the ‘CR/LF’
style of line termination.
(**)
Notes:
There is a known issue with AMIBIOS8 Serial Flash, AMIBIOS8 Serial Console Redirection and
the version of HyperTerminal that ships with some installations of Windows 2000. Please make
sure you are using the most updated version of HyperTerminal to avoid problems.
Appendix B: BIOS Operation
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20. Appendix C: block Diagram
SDRAM
(onboard)
CRT
Interface
Graphic
Controller
USB 1
Interface
SDRAM
Controller
USB
Controller
USB 2
Interface
EIDE
Interface
IDE
Controller
CPU / Chipset
STPC Atlas
Super I/O
Functions
COM A
Interface
COM B
Interface
PCI Bus
PCI
Controller
ISA Bus
Control
LPT
Interface
Ethernet Contr.
Intel 82551IT
Keyboard
Interface
ISA Bus
Ethernet
Interface
Appendix C: block Diagram
PC/104
Interface
BIOS
ROM
66
66
Real Time Clock
(RTC)
PS/ 2-Mouse
Interface
T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
21. Appendix D: Mechanical Dimensions
Appendix D: Mechanical Dimensions
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All dimensions in the tables below are relative to the origin location A.
Location
Horizontal (mm)
A (Origin)
B
C
D
0
90.17
90.17
0
E
F
G
H
J
5.08
85.09
82.55
8.89
9.88
Location
Horizontal (mm)
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
k
m
n
o
p
11.43
26.67
6.35
83.54
1.75
83.54
4.04
10.69
83.54
80.52
49.58
56.69
66.27
Vertical (mm)
PCB Dimensions
0
0
95.89
95.89
Mounting Holes
5.08
5.08
90.81
90.81
59.28
Vertical (mm)
Interface Connectors
5.08
5.08
10.16
29.24
64.80
67.34
85.12
84.99
85.12
48.01
93.73
93.73
93.73
Horizontal (mil)
Vertical (mil)
0
3550
3550
0
0
0
3775
3775
200
3350
3250
350
389
200
200
3575
3575
2333.84
Horizontal (mil)
Vertical (mil)
450
1050
250
3289
69
3289
159
421
3289
3170
1952
2232
2609
200
200
400
1151
2551
2651
3351
3346
3351
1890
3690
3690
3690
Height
Dimension (mm)
Dimension (mil)
I
II
III
13.10
10.60
1.60
515
417
63
Appendix D: Mechanical Dimensions
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22. Appendix E: Connector Layout
22.1 Connector Locations
Pin 1 of any connector is marked with “1” in this drawing and with a rectangular pad at the bottom
side of the board’s PCB.
Appendix E: Connector Layout
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22.2 Connector Functions and Interface Cables
The table notes connector functions, as well as mating connectors and available cables.
Connector
Function
Mating Connector
Available Cable
Cable
Description
J1, J2
USB interface
Connectors
KAB-USB-1
(PN 96054-0000-00-0)
For standard
USB adaptation.
J3, J5
Serial Interfaces COM
A and COM B
Connectors
Keyboard and Feature
Connector
1.25mm 4 pos.
(Molex 51021-0400 or
compatible)
2.54mm 10 pos.
(AMP 1-215882-0 or
compatible)
2.54mm 10 pos.
(AMP 1-215882-0 or
compatible)
KAB-DSUB9-2
(PN 96017-0000-00-0)
For DSUB 9
adaptation.
KAB-KB-1
(PN 96023-0000-00-0)
or
KAB-KB-PS2
(PN 96060-0000-00-0)
KAB-MOUSE-PS2
(PN 96062-0000-00-0)
For ATkeyboard
or
PS/2 keyboard.
KAB-MOPS-ETN1
(PN 96048-0000-00-0)
KAB-IDE-25
(PN 96020-0000-00-0)
or
KAB-IDE -2MM
(PN 96021-0000-00-0)
For RJ45
adaptation.
For 3.5” HDD
Or
2.5” HDD.
KAB-DSUB25 -1
(PN 96015-0000-00-0)
For DSUB 25
adaptation.
KAB-VGA-2
(PN 96053-0000-00-0)
For DSUB 15
adaptation.
J4
J6
PS/2 Mouse Interface
Connector
J7
Ethernet Interface
Connector
IDE Hard Disk
Interface Connector
J8
J9a
PC/104 Bus
(XT-Bus part)
J9b
Power Connector
J9c
PC/104 Bus
(AT-Bus part)
X1
Parallel Interface LPT
Connector
X2
CRT Monitor
Appendix E: Connector Layout
1.25mm 4 pos.
(Molex 51021-0400 or
compatible)
2mm 8 pos.
(Berg 90311-008 or compatible)
2mm 44 pos.
(Berg 89361-144 or compatible)
2.54mm 64 pos.
(EPT 962-60323-12 or
compatible for board to board
connection)
2.54mm 8 pos.
(EPT 962-60043-12 or
compatible for board to board
connection)
2.54mm 40 pos.
(EPT 962-60203-12 or
compatible for board to board
connection)
2.54mm 26 pos.
(AMP 2-215882-6 or
compatible)
1.25mm 6 pos.
(Molex 51021-0600 or
compatible)
70
70
For PS/2
mouse.
T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
(*)
(**)
Notes:
(***)
/IOCHCK
SD7
SD6
SD5
SD4
SD3
SD2
SD1
SD0
IOCHRDY
AEN
SA19
SA18
SA17
SA16
SA15
SA14
SA13
SA12
SA11
SA10
SA9
SA8
SA7
SA6
SA5
SA4
SA3
SA2
SA1
SA0
GND
GND
/SBHE
LA23
LA22
LA21
LA20
LA19
LA18
LA17
/MEMR
/MEMW
SD8
SD9
SD10
SD11
SD12
SD13
SD14
SD15
GND
GND
RESETDRV
VCC (***)
IRQ9
-5V
DRQ2
-12V
/0WS
+12V
GND (*)
/SMEMW
/SMEMR
/IOW
/IOR
/DACK3
DRQ3
/DACK1
DRQ1
/REFRESH
SYSCLK
IRQ7 (**)
IRQ6
IRQ5
IRQ4 (**
IRQ3 (**)
/DACK2
T/C
BALE
VCC (***)
OSC
GND
GND
PC104
(D)
J9c
PC104
(C)
J9c
PC104
(B)
J9a
PC104
(A)
J9a
Pin
22.3 Pin-out Table
GND
/MEMCS16
/IOCS16
IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ12 (**)
IRQ15
IRQ14
/DACK0
DRQ0
/DACK5
DRQ5
/DACK6
DRQ6
/DACK7
DRQ7
VCC (***)
/MASTER
GND
GND
Key pin for PC/104; GND for PC/104+ specification.
These signals are internally used by the STPC Atlas and are not available on the ISA bus for
other devices.
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
- the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current.
- the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire protecting requirements of IEC/EN 60950.
Appendix E: Connector Layout
71
71
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
Notes:
(***)
/RESET
GND
HDD7
HDD8
HDD6
HDD9
HDD5
HDD10
HDD4
HDD11
HDD3
HDD12
HDD2
HDD13
HDD1
HDD14
HDD0
HDD15
GND
KEY (NC)
DRQ
GND
/IOW
GND
/IOR
GND
IOCHRDY
CSEL
/AKJ
GND
SIRQ
NC
SA1
NC
SA0
SA2
/CS1
/CS3
NC
GND
VCC (***)
VCC (***)
GND
NC
/STB
/AFD
PD0
/ERR
PD1
/INIT
PD2
/SLIN
PD3
GND
PD4
GND
PD5
GND
PD6
GND
PD7
GND
/ACK
GND
BUSY
GND
PE
GND
SLCT
VCC (***)
GND
VCC (***)
BATT
+12V
-5V
-12V
GND
VCC (***)
/DCD1
/DSR1
RXD1
/RTS1
TXD1
/CTS1
/DTR1
/RI1
GND
VCC (***)
COM B
J5
COM A
J3
Power
J9b
LPT
X1
IDE
J8
Pin
T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
/DCD2
/DSR2
RXD2
/RTS2
TXD2
/CTS2
/DTR2
/RI2
GND
VCC (***)
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
- the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current.
- the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire protecting requirements of IEC/EN 60950.
Appendix E: Connector Layout
72
72
Notes:
(***)
MSDAT
VCC (***)
GND
MSCLK
USB 2
J2
RED
GRN
BLU
GND
VSYNC
HSYNC
USB 1
J1
TXD+
TXDRXD+
SHLDGND
SHLDGND
RXDSPEEDLED
LILED
PS/2
Mouse
J6
SPEAKER
GND
/RESIN
/KBLOCK
KBDAT
KBCLK
GND
VCC (***)
BATT
PWRGOOD
CRT
X2
LAN
J7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
KBD
J4
Pin
T-MOPSlcdSA User's Guide
VCC (***)
USB00
USB01
GND
VCC (***)
USB10
USB11
GND
To protect the external power lines of peripheral devices, make sure that:
- the wires have the right diameter to withstand the maximum available current.
- the enclosure of the peripheral device fulfils the fire protecting requirements of IEC/EN 60950.
The power contacts for USB devices on Pin 1 and Pin 4 are not protected. They are suitable to
supply connected USB devices with a maximum of 500mA power dissipation. Do not supply
external USB devices with higher power dissipation through these pins. Always use a fuse for
power on external USB connectors, as a defective USB device may damage the T-MOPSlcdSA.
Kontron recommends using a resetable fuse, which follows the USB 1.1 specification, for power
on external USB connectors.
Appendix E: Connector Layout
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23. Appendix F: Limitations and Hints
23.1 Unavailable ISA Signals
Due to the STPC Atlas microcontroller architecture, the following signals are not available on the
PC/104 bus (ISA):
IRQ3, IRQ4, IRQ7, IRQ12
23.2 USB Ports
The power contacts for USB devices on Pin 1 and Pin 4 are not protected. They are suitable to
supply connected USB devices with a maximum of 500mA power dissipation. Do not supply
external USB devices with higher power dissipation through these pins. Always use a fuse for
power on external USB connectors; otherwise a defective USB device may damage the TMOPSlcdSA. Kontron recommends using a reset able fuse, which follows the USB 1.1 specification,
for power on external USB connectors.
23.3 USB Devices
Some USB floppy disk drives and sticks make trouble by formatting. The following floppy devices
are known to fail:

Mitsumi D353GUE

Sony MPF88E–U1

Y-E USB-FDU
If you have problems to boot from an USB stick, set its “emulation type” in the BIOS setup to Hard
Disk. See the chapter USB Mass Storage Device Configuration Submenu for details.
An USB-Mouse will not work under DOS even if USB legacy support is enabled.
23.4 Windows98 Support
The Win9x OS is not a targeted operating system of STPC. One known issue is that standby is not
supported under Windows 98.
Appendix F: Limitations and Hints
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23.5 Keyboard Controller
A Problem occurs when the SHIFT, NUMLOCK, ROLL or CAPSLOCK is pressed, which will update the
keyboard LED's via command EDh. The STPC does not acknowledge this and sends a beep on the
speaker.
Only the standard US 101key keyboard is supported.
When there is no PS/2 keyboard connected, several beeps ring out when booting DOS.
If you are using an USB keyboard in the system and you want to get into the BIOS Setup or get the
boot menu loaded, press <DEL> or <F11> once and keep it pressed until you are in the Setup /
boot menu. Don't press any other keys or the mentioned keys more often during POST.
Appendix F: Limitations and Hints
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24. Appendix F: PC Architecture Information
The following sources of information can help you better understand PC architecture.
24.1 Buses
24.1.1 ISA, Standard PS/2 - Connectors

AT Bus Design: Eight and Sixteen-Bit ISA, E-ISA and EISA Design, Edward Solari,
Annabooks, 1990, ISBN 0-929392-08-6

AT IBM Technical Reference Vol. 1&2, 1985

ISA & EISA Theory and Operation, Edward Solari, Annabooks, 1992, ISBN 0929392159

ISA Bus Specifications and Application Notes, Jan. 30, 1990, Intel



ISA System Architecture, Third Edition, Tom Shanley and Don Anderson, AddisonWesley Publishing Company, 1995, ISBN 0-201-40996-8
Personal Computer Bus Standard P996, Draft D2.00, Jan. 18, 1990, IEEE Inc
Technical Reference Guide, Extended Industry Standard Architecture Expansion Bus,
Compaq 1989
24.1.2 PC/104, PCI - Information

Embedded PC 104 Consortium
The consortium provides information about PC/104 and PC/104-Plus technology. You can
search for information about the consortium on the Web.

PCI SIG
The PCI-SIG provides a forum for its ~900 member companies, which develop PCI products
based on the specifications that are created by the PCI-SIG. You can search for information
about the SIG on the Web.

PCI & PCI-X Hardware and Software Architecture & Design, Fifth Edition, Edward Solari
and George Willse, Annabooks, 2001, ISBN 0-929392-63-9.

PCI System Architecture, Tom Shanley and Don Anderson, Addison-Wesley, 2000, ISBN
0-201-30974-2.
Appendix F: PC Architecture Information
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24.2 General PC Architecture

Embedded PCs, Markt&Technik GmbH, ISBN 3-8272-5314-4 (German)

Hardware Bible, Winn L. Rosch, SAMS, 1997, 0-672-30954-8

Interfacing to the IBM Personal Computer, Second Edition, Lewis C. Eggebrecht, SAMS,
1990, ISBN 0-672-22722-3

The Indispensable PC Hardware Book, Hans-Peter Messmer, Addison-Wesley, 1994,
ISBN 0-201-62424-9

The PC Handbook: For Engineers, Programmers, and Other Serious PC Users, Sixth
Edition, John P. Choisser and John O. Foster, Annabooks, 1997, ISBN 0-929392-36-1
24.3 Ports
24.3.1 RS-232 Serial

EIA-232-E standard
The EIA-232-E standard specifies the interface between (for example) a modem and a
computer so that they can exchange data. The computer can then send data to the modem,
which then sends the data over a telephone line. The data that the modem receives from
the telephone line can then be sent to the computer. You can search for information about
the standard on the Web.

RS-232 Made Easy: Connecting Computers, Printers, Terminals, and Modems, Martin D.
Seyer, Prentice Hall, 1991, ISBN 0-13-749854-3

National Semiconductor
The Interface Data Book includes application notes. Type “232” as a search criteria to
obtain a list of application notes. You can search for information about the data book on
National Semiconductor’s Web site.
24.3.2 ATA

AT Attachment (ATA) Working Group
This X3T10 standard defines an integrated bus interface between disk drives and host
processors. It provides a common point of attachment for systems manufacturers and
system. You can search for information about the working group on the Web.
Appendix F: PC Architecture Information
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24.3.3 USB

USB Specification
The USB Implementers Forum (USB-IF) is a nonprofit corporation founded by the group of
companies that developed the Universal Serial Bus specification. USB-IF provides a support
organization and forum to advance and adopt Universal Serial Bus technology. You can
search for information about the standard on the Web.
24.4 Programming

C Programmer’s Guide to Serial Communications, Second Edition, Joe Campbell, SAMS,
1987, ISBN 0-672-22584-0

Programmer's Guide to the EGA, VGA, and Super VGA Cards, Third Edition, Richard
Ferraro, Addison-Wesley, 1990, ISBN 0-201-57025-4

The Programmer’s PC Sourcebook, Second Edition, Thom Hogan, Microsoft Press, 1991,
ISBN 1-55615-321-X

Undocumented PC, A Programmer’s Guide to I/O, CPUs, and Fixed Memory Areas, Frank
van Gilluwe, Second Edition, Addison-Wesley, 1997, ISBN 0-201-47950-8
Appendix F: PC Architecture Information
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25. APPENDIX G: DOCUMENT-REVISION
HISTORY
Revision
Date
Edited by
Changes
PEXTM101
PEXTM110
PEXTM111
30.03.2005
19.08.2005
21.11.2006
KFR
SMA
BHO
PEXTM112
23.01.2007
BHO
First preliminary version.
Reworked and added all BIOS relevant issues.
Manual completely reworked, new format, added more technical
details.
Corrected MTBF value, minor changes
APPENDIXG: DOCUMENT-REVISION HISTORY
79
79
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