Open-Source Alternative To Windows, Mac OS and Software

Open-Source Alternative To Windows, Mac OS and Software
Alternative To Windows, Mac OS and Software Applications
By Julien M Dedier 9Z4FZ
Read This Page Before You Install Any Software Associated With This Manual
Important Notice
for Non-profit Use Only
You can redistribute this Guide for Education and Development Purposes Only
[email protected] All Rights Reserved
Warning! This is a copyrighted material; no part of this Guide may be reproduced or transmitted in
any form whatsoever, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or
transmitting by any informational storage or retrieval system without expressed written, dated
and signed permission from the Author. You cannot alter, change, or repackage this document in
any manner. Julien M Dedier reserves the right to use the full force of the law in the protection of
his intellectual property including the contents, ideas, and Expressions contained herein. Be aware
that eBay actively cooperates in closing the account of copyright violators and assisting in the
legal pursuit of Violations.
Disclaimer and / or Legal Notices
The reader is expressly warned to consider and adopt all safety precaution that Might be indicated
by the activities herein and to avoid all potential hazards. This Guide is for HowTo Replace
Microsoft Windows With Linux Step By Step A Comprehensive Guide With Open Source Software,
Alternative To Windows OS and Software Application and Amateur Radio Open-Source Software
Alternative To Windows OS and Software Applications, Amateur Radio at the Cutting Edge of
Technology, the author does not accept any Responsibilities or liabilities resulting from the use of
this information. While every attempt has been made to verify the information provided here, the
author cannot assume any responsibility for any loss, injury, errors, inaccuracies, omissions or
inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this Information. If you have any information
regarding the illegal reselling or Duplication of this Guide, please report it to [email protected]
for your reward.
Before installing any software on your computer, please make sure your system Meets the
minimum system requirements. This step only applies to extremely old Computers. If your
computer is capable of running Windows XP, then it will Definitely work with PinguyOS and
other Linux OS. Although there are no viruses, security flaws if any they get patched quickly,
and Linux is much safer Than Windows, it is important to apply patches updates are shown
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on the computer.
Table of Content
2.Open Source versus Proprietary Software
3.The Major Problems With Windows
4.Stealing Files On Windows Computer
5.Computer Security
6.Linux is not Windows
7.Try Me
8.On Your Marks Get Set Go
12.Replacement For Windows
16.Keyboard Shortcuts and commands
17.Linux Directory
18.Fresh Install
21.Windows Under Linux
22.Linux Apps Store
24.Office Suite
29.Non-Linux OS
31.Amateur Radio
Are you a mac or windows user thinking about the wonderful open-source Linux distros
(Operating System).
Your computer life is now going to change, ask yourself one question do you have a learning
curve with mac and windows.
Can you design the type of operating system you want to use with mac and windows, the
answer is ''no'', with Linux and open-source the sky is the limit, you have alternative choices,
based on your needs and likeness.
Getting our youths involved from an early age into open source is a good way for parents to
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enhance their thinking and ability to be creative and imaginative.
Do you know many of the electronics gadgets people use are run by Linux, please watch the
video How Linux is Built.
While Linux is running our phones, friend requests, tweets, financial trades, ATM’s and more, most
of us don’t know how it’s actually built. This short video takes you inside the process by which the
largest collaborative development Project in the history of computing is organized. Based on the
annual report“Who Writes Linux,” this is a powerful and inspiring story of how Linux has become
a community-driven phenomenon.
The Choice is Yours
 A learning curve-Very easy to manage-Free operating system-No anti virus software to
worry about-For Individuals, homes, schools, Organization, business, governments
 Get to learn more about the computer and open source software you use
 Social Media;Office, Art, Video, Skype, Facebook, Mumble, Instagram, Netflix and plenty
 For Amateur Radio and other hobbyist tons of software to install already preinstall in
synaptic Package Manager or Muon Package Manager
Here are your choices
 Upgrade to Linux. Yes there is a learning curve and Massive Development building your
own Operating System with a Software Bank of over forty thousands plus software.
 Linux Desktops Have Better User Interface and Unix As Compared To Windows And Mac!
 The quality of Linux from using the distros. It has the most attractive User Interface and
elements now. Leading Linux distro companies like Canonical are hiring young and
talented designers to improve the looks and User Interface of Linux platform. The user
experience is not just about themes anymore. The progress of User Interface changes is real
and measurable now.
 Linux distros are best at customization. Since Linux is an open source OS, companies
releasing new distros are offering much more customization options as compared to
Windows or Mac OS X. You can do anything you want with Linux, users have access to the
code, core features, packages, repositories and every single thing.
 Proprietary operating systems like Windows and Mac lack at flexibility in User Interface.
While Linux likes to continue its minimalistic approach towards all the User Interface
elements, proprietary OS are little complex. The changes in Linux User Interface can be
done with great ease. No wonder why Linux has such massive active developers
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 User can easily install and configure dock within few clicks on Linux distros. Installing a
theme is an easy task too. Proprietary OSs lack these kinds of customization options. The
window decoration and positioning of User Interface elements is neat and tidy in Linux.
Distros like Fedora 21, Arch Linux, elementary OS, Ubuntu distros have very beautiful User
 Distros like Ubuntu have employed the powerful Unity Unix in the system too. Everything
in the latest versions of leading Linux distros is very neat and professional. If you compare
the User Interface in next generation Linux distros., it makes Windows and Mac OS X look
extremely encumbered. Linux has the breath of fresh air. The freedom that Linux gives is
just incomparable. tch the video Easing into open source
2.Open Source versus Proprietary Software
Get a betting understanding of open source and propriety software
Proprietary software are those that are created by companies to turn a profit. On the other hand,
open source software are created by individuals and open source communities alike to promote
access to the product’s source materials etc, that will create economic and social development for
those who do not have in society.
Read more Definition - What does Proprietary Software mean?
Read more Open Source: Is It Too Good to Be True?
PCWorld The Hottest Tech Arguments Open Source vs. Proprietary Software
3.The Major Problems With Windows
 Do nothing. Keep using XP. No learning curve. No expense and Development.
 Upgrade to the latest windows Yes there is an expense and someone spying on you via a
back-door protocol
 Having to used useless products like registry cleaners and system tuners that waste your
money, but how do you go about cleaning up after uninstalling shady Windows base
freeware software? With Windows You don’t. You always have to avoid installing nonsense
on your PC it is constant and become a way of life
 At the presence computing development all Windows base freeware software is bundled
with spyware, crapware, adware, or with a back-door protocol to spy on you, which
includes things like the awful Ask Toolbar or the terrible Trovi browser hijacker malware.
 Every other download site is either wrapping crapware filled freeware with their own
crapware, or they are just distributing installers full of crapware. Some of them will only
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bundle the crapware if you are using Internet Explorer — so you think you’re
recommending a clean source to your family because you’re using Chrome, only to help
them get infected because they are still on IE. Even Windows base open-source software
isn’t safe.
 New Windows base Computers The useless, irritating programs that come pre-installed on
your PC or sneak onto your system a midst an innocuous download aren’t malicious, but
they will clog up your system and get in your face constantly. It’s almost worse than
malware, because instead of just nuking your computer, they stick around and make your
experience dreadful.
 Every Microsoft Word document you create contains a hidden log of everything you did to
it, ever. Specifically, it contains a revision history showing who touched the document, and
when. You'd think this would be the sort of thing military intelligence would care about
when creating sensitive word documents, but you'd be wrong they are totally unaware.
 Everyone who is unaware of the dangers of back-door entries in Microsoft Windows and
associated software including governments make the mistake of posting online in its
original Word documentation this mistake its revision history is visible to anyone who
know where to look and find other information, this is how in many cases leaks are
obtained from IT Spies and computers sniffers
 Inspect documents for hidden data and personal information
Microsoft Support
while they try to address the problems just by using your keyboard with specific commands
and recovery software the information can be retrieve, it's stores on the hard drive.
 Now that you have this information about Microsoft Word Document are you still crazy for
it and wanting to use it.
4.Stealing Files On Windows Computer
How safe are you using a windows' computer, is it that easy to steal files on the windows as is
said by many IT Specialist how true is it to steals files.
Can anyone comprise your computer if sensitive data is stored on the computer, it is that
easy ready the following articles and see for yourself if it that easy.
How to secretly copy (steal) files from a computer to a USB Flash drive
How your washing machine can steal computer files
Trojan horse designed to steal your photos
5.Computer Security
 Why Linux Is More Secure Than Windows
 Ten Reasons to Dump Windows and Use Linux
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 How to secure your Linux system
 Basic Ubuntu Security Guide, Desktop Edition
 Seven Free Security Tools for Linux
6.Linux is not Windows
Are you're a relatively new Linux user who's having some problems making the switch from
Windows to Linux. This causes many problems for many people, hence this article was written.
Many individual issues arise from this single problem, so the page is broken down into multiple
problem areas. Read the article Linux is Not Windows.
Read Windows to Linux: A Beginner's Guide
7.Try Me
PinguyOS is a cross operating system between Ubuntu and Linux Mint
PinguyOS offers unparalleled beauty. With many customization and fantastic themes installed by
default, it will make others say “wow, what’s that?”.
Pinguy OS is an Ubuntu-based distribution targeted at beginning Linux users. It features numerous
user-friendly enhancements, out-of-the-box support for multimedia codecs and browser plugins, a
heavily tweaked GNOME user interface with enhanced menus, panels and dockbars, and a careful
selection of popular desktop applications for many common computing tasks.
PinguyOS is a Linux distribution that is built on the Ubuntu framework. PinguyOS was created by
Antoni Norman and Antoni is still the lead developer of the project today. The ethos of PinguyOS is
very simple, to look good, work well and most importantly to be simple to use. PinguyOS is very
much designed for people who are new to the Linux world, many people coming from both a
window or a Mac background will find plenty of familiar features along with some new ones that
aren’t available in either Windows or Mac.
If you need help we have a fantastic community of users and a team of moderators that are always
happy to help. There are links at the top of this page for both the PinguyOS forums and the live
PinguyOS IRC chat. PinguyOS Website Read More PinguyOS Full installation Guide
Error Update Manager Terminals Commands PinguyOS only
You updating with update manager and getting error or cannot remove a package open the
terminal and run the following commands that will fix the problem
sudo rm -r /etc/apt/
sudo unzip -o -d /etc/apt/
sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/* -vf
sudo apt-get update
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Poblem Slover PinguyOS → For Ubuntu and PinguyOS new users, search the reference websites for
problem solving.
What ever problems one have just type it in the problem solver for PinguyOS the search will
bring up the results look to see if you get answers to your problems.
Haze OS
Haze OS is a free Ubuntu plus GNU/Linux based Operating System designed specially for beginners
and professionals. It was designed to be easy-to-use, customizable and beautiful inside out. Haze
OS comes in multiple flavors, core edition being the most recommended one. It's available for free
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today for 64 bit systems.
8.On Your Marks Get Set Go
Know you have a good sense of judgment in making the first step to freedom and enjoyment of
using a computer and tweet it the way you want it to be towards your personnel development and
computer sustenance.
Beginner Level Professional:
For the professional working class who want a OS for productivity and self sanctification to be
attributed with his or her status beyond the bench mark.
RMPs Linux distros (Operating System) Indiana University, RPM package is a powerful utility to
manage the software in all major Linux distributions. RPMs can be used to.
 Install packages
 Remove packages
 Upgrade packages
 Verify packages
Here are some useful command to manage RPM packages
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DNF – The Next Generation Package Management Utility for RPM Based Distributions
27 ‘DNF’ (Fork of Yum) Commands for RPM Package Management in Linux
Category:RPM-based Linux distributions
Beginner Level Middle Class:
The middle class who just want to use an open source distro including the social media content
free Linux, impacting automatic enjoyment without having to install antivirus software, and
worrying about the headaches left behind in windows you are making the right choice you have a
world of opportunities awaiting to explore and enjoy.
APT Linux distros (Operating System) 25 Useful Basic Commands of APT-GET and APT-CACHE for
Package Management the middle class tends to adapt more to APT package management than
RPM, not saying that they will not use RPM packages, ''they do''. You can make you choice what
distro you want on your computer → See where the action is where to get your Linux operating
system knows as distros ← → Distro Watch.Com
Beginner Level Grass Roots
The grass root will be everywhere, who is willing to take on new challenges and go where man
have not gone before to achieve a sense of accomplishment that he or she is capable of Linux
operating system use and management, a person striving for accomplishment and community
Operating a Linux system is important to have some understanding of package management and
the role and function its play in the development of the operating system watch the video and
read mire Linux Package Management with Yum, RPM, Apt, Dpkg, Aptitude and Zypper – Part 9
Package management with APT
Linux and Unix apt-get command
An A-Z Index of the Bash command line for Linux.
This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.
UsingTheTerminal Why use the command-line?
How to get Linux software distro as know as the operating system, there are several methods best
is by using → Unetbootin one can download the operating system directly to a USB flash drive,
other USB software or burning CD / DVD software.
After download you can reboot the OS on any computer and test drive it first before installation to
see if it is your choice.
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Any Linux operating system can be tested and used before installation on any computer or via a →
VirtualBox in side any operating system.
Zorin Faster Than Windows
Zorin OS is an Ubuntu-based Linux distribution designed especially for newcomers to Linux. It has
a Windows-like graphical user interface and many programs similar to those found in Windows.
Zorin OS also comes with an application that lets users run many Windows programs. The
distribution's ultimate goal is to provide a Linux alternative to Windows and let Windows users
enjoy all the features of Linux without complications.
Main advantages
Zorin OS is an Ubuntu-based Linux distribution designed especially for newcomers to Linux. It has
a Windows-like graphical user interface and many programs similar to those found in Windows.
Zorin OS also comes with an application that lets users run many Windows programs. The
distribution's ultimate goal is to provide a Linux alternative to Windows and let Windows users
enjoy all the features of Linux without complications.
Main advantages
The Zorin OS operating system gives you the ultimate desktop experience. Some advantages of
Zorin OS:
No risk of getting viruses
It's super-fast and light on resources
An easy to use and familiar desktop
Customizable user interface thanks to our Look Changer
Stable as it is based on the robust Linux operating system
All the software you'll ever need out of the box
Extremely versatile and customizable Open Source software
Open Source software licensed by the GNU GPL
Zorin Website Read More
Zorin Install Guide
12.Replacement For Windows
Previously known as Cinnarch, Antergos is based on Arch Linux, which is popular with hard-core
open source users, but Antergos much easier for beginners to use than Arch. It comes with a
graphical installer that allows the user to choose from among several interfaces, including some
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that look quite a bit like XP.
Kubuntu's goal is to “make your PC friendly," and it's fairly easy for new Linux users to figure out.
It combines Ubuntu and the KDE desktop and includes plenty of built-in software, like a web
browser, an office suite, media apps and more.
Kwheezy is based on Debian, which is popular with advanced Linux users, but it's designed to be
more accessible for Linux newcomers. It comes "with all the applications, plugins, fonts and
drivers that you need for daily use, and some more," and it uses the intuitive KDE desktop.
Based on Fedora, Korara "aims to make Linux easier for new users, while still being useful for
experts" with an operating system that "just works." Several desktops are available, so users can
choose the interface that seems the most comfortable and familiar.
If you just want to give Linux a try without installing anything on your hard drive, Knoppix runs
from a Live CD. You can download the code and create your own CD or order a very inexpensive
pre -made CD from any one of a variety of vendors.
Linux Mint
Many people consider Linux Mint to be among the most intuitive operating systems for Windows
XP users. It supports several desktop interfaces, including Cinnamon, which users can configure to
look and feel a lot like XP.
Popular with new Linux users, MEPIS aims at providing a Linux distribution that's very stable and
very easy to use. It comes with hundreds of applications preinstalled and you can easily dual-boot
it alongside Windows so that you can continue using XP software.
Like Antergos, Manjaro aims to be a more user-friendly version of Arch. It comes with desktop
environments, software management applications and media codecs pre-installed so users can get
right to work after installing it.
Forked from Mandrake (which was later renamed Mandriva), Mageia is a community-driven Linux
distribution with a good reputation for being beginner-friendly. Because it's updated very
frequently, it tends to include more recent versions of software packages, and it has excellent
support for several languages.
Netrunner is based on Kubuntu, plus some interface modifications to make it even more user
friendly and some extra codecs to make it easier to play media files. The project also offers a
second version of the same OS based on Manjaro.
Like Mageia, OpenMandriva is a community-managed Linux distribution based on
Mandrake/Mandriva. It attempts to be simple and straightforward enough for new users but also
to offer the breadth and depth of capabilities demanded by advanced users.
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Point Linux
Also based on Debian, Point Linux uses the Mate desktop, which should feel comfortable to most
Windows XP users. It aims to be a "fast, stable and predictable" desktop operating system.
Like many other OSes on this list, PCLinuxOS was designed with usability in mind. It can run from
a LiveCD, meaning you can try it out while still keeping Windows XP installed on your PC.
Also similar to Windows, Robolinux promises to allow users to run all their Windows XP and 7
software without making themselves vulnerable to malware. It also includes more than 30,000
open source applications.
Formerly known as YLMF, the interface for StartOS looks an awful lot like Windows XP. It's
managed by a group of Chinese developers, so the website is in Chinese. However, English versions
of the OS are available.
This Linux distribution focuses on providing an excellent "out of the box" user experience where
everything "just works." At the same time, it attempts to incorporate the latest releases of open
source software. And in case you were wondering, the name comes from an Italian dessert
Very easy to use, Ubuntu is likely the most widely used Linux distribution in the world. The
desktop version offers speed, security, thousands of built-in applications and compatibility with
most peripherals.
Ultimate Edition
This Ubuntu remix aims to provide the "ultimate" computing experience. It offers an intuitive
interface for newbies and improves on Ubuntu's software management and wireless capabilities.
Operating systems which will happily run on older machines
Linux distros are designed to appeal to many users. As a result, some distros have become too
bloated for older machines or systems with limited resources. If you don't have several gigs of
RAM to spare and an extra core or two, these distros may not deliver the best performance for
Thankfully, there are many lightweight distros that you can use to breathe new life into older
hardware. But there's one caveat when working with lightweight distros – they usually manage to
function with limited resources by cutting away just about everything you take for granted, such
as wizards and scripts which make everyday tasks easier.
Arch Arch Linux, a lightweight and flexible Linux® distribution that tries to Keep It Simple
Designed specifically for older systems, AntiX claims it can even run on old 64 MB Pentium II 266
systems. It comes in full, base and core distributions, with full being the best option for Linux
Browser Linux
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Browser Linux is a fast-booting operating system, derived from Puppy Linux, making it a wise
choice for any computer, particularly older machines. Browserlinux is for browsing the web.
Browser Linux – An Extremely Lightweight & Fast OS For Older x86 Computers
Bodhi Linux
Another lightweight variation of Ubuntu, Bodhi is a true minimalist distribution that installs only
a few pieces of software by default. That makes it great for users with older hardware or users who
want to have a lot of say in which applications are installed; however, it might not be as good for
new users who don't have familiarity with open source applications.
Because it's fairly lightweight, CrunchBang (sometimes written #!) is a good option for older or
underpowered systems that might be running Windows XP. It's based on Debian but uses the
OpenBox window manager, which will feel familiar to Windows users.
Damn Small Linux (DSL)
Just 50MB in size, DSL can run on old 486 PCs or can run within RAM on newer PCs with at least
128 MB of memory. It comes with a surprising number of applications built in, and it can also run
from a live CD or USB thumb drive.
Elementary OS
According to Distrowatch, Elementary is among the ten most popular Linux distributions. It's very
lightweight and fast, and the interface, while more similar to OS X than Windows XP, is highly
Joli OS
This cloud computing-focused OS aims to "bring your old computers back to life." You can also
install it alongside Windows with the option of selecting an OS on start-up. It works with the
Jolicloud service that stores your files in the cloud.
Linux Lite
As its name implies, this is another lightweight Linux distribution. Its website states, "The goal of
Linux Lite is to introduce Windows users to an intuitively simple, alternative operating system.
Linux Lite is a showcase for just how easy it can be to use Linux.”
If you have an older system that doesn't meet the system requirements for Windows 7 or 8,
Lubuntu might be a good option for you. It's a lightweight version of Ubuntu that's very fast and
energy efficient, and it's a particularly good choice for underpowered Windows XP laptops.
This variation on Lubuntu was specifically designed to help users give new life to older PCs. It has
four different desktop paradigms (basically different looks), including one that mimics Windows
XP. Users who have grown tired of XP's long boot times will also appreciate the fact that LXLE
boots in less than a minute on most systems.
Linux MultiMedia Studio
If you play music, you’ll want to record it. And if you record your music, you’ll want to fiddle with
the tracks for hours until you get as close as you can to creating the right sound
In the race to create the smallest distribution of Linux, Nanolinux comes near the top of the list.
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Although it's only 14 MB in size, it includes a browser, text editor, spreadsheet, personal
information manager, music player, calculator, some games and a few other programs. However,
it's not as newbie-friendly as some other distributions on our list.
Mac Pup
MacPup is a small, light OS. It runs in ram and is very fast. It is not a striped down, bare bones,
basic core OS. MacPup is a full featured system right out of the box with apps for office, graphics,
multimedia, internet and much more. And it looks really cool. MacPup 550 is the latest based on
Precise Puppy 5.5.0, An official woof build of puppy Linux that is binary-compatible with Ubuntu
Precise packages. It contains all the apps from Precise Puppy with the addition of Firefox 22. It
also, includes the Enlightenment E17 window manager. The EFL libraries version 1.7.5 and E17
version 17.0 where compiled and installed from source.
Puppy is super small—just 85 MB—so that is usually loads into RAM on most systems and runs
incredibly fast, even on older systems that might have been running Windows XP. Despite its small
size, it includes a full graphic interface designed for new Linux users.
Puppy Linux
What is Puppy Linux? Puppy Linux is an operating system for computers. Other well-known
operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Apple OSX, and MS-DOS. Puppy Linux is based on
GNU/Linux. It is completely free and open source software. How is Puppy Different? Small size,
~100MB! This lends itself to some very useful and unique features.
'Live' booting from CDs, DVDs, USB flash drives, and other portable media. Runs from RAM,
making it unusually fast even in old PCs and in netbooks with solid state storage media. Very low
minimum system requirements. Boot time is well under a minute, 30-40 seconds in most systems.
Includes a wide range of applications: word processors, spreadsheets, internet browsers, games,
image editors and many utilities. Extra software in the form of dotpets. There is a GUI Puppy
Software Installer included. Puppy is easy to use and little technical knowledge is assumed. Most
hardware is automatically detected.
Plasma Active is intended for all types of tablets, smartphones and touch computing devices such
as set top boxes, smart TVs, home automation or in-vehicle infotainment. Plasma Active is a joint
project by the KDE community, basysKom and open-slx. The goals for this open source project are
Also based on Lubuntu, Peppermint prides itself on "welcoming new Linux users." It's extremely
fast and takes a web-centric approach to computing.
Roll Your Own
Build for everything and anything You can export your custom operating system as a Virtual
machine, Live USB Disk, CD/DVD-ROM, Hard Disk Image and so much more. You can even apply
your own branding to what you create!
Salix OS
According to the Salix website, "Like a bonsai, Salix is small, light and the product of infinite care."
It's based on Slackware, but it's simplicity makes it more accessible for Windows users.
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Steam OS
Thousands of games, millions of users. Everything you love about Steam. Available soon as a free
operating system designed for the TV and the living room. Steam is coming to a new operating
system As we’ve been working on bringing Steam to the living room, we’ve come to the conclusion
that the environment best suited to delivering value to customers is an operating system built
around Steam itself. SteamOS combines the rock-solid architecture of Linux with a gaming
experience built for the big screen. It will be available soon as a free stand-alone operating system
for living room machines.
SliTaz GNU/Linux is a free operating system working completely in memory from removable
media such as a cdrom or USB key. It is light, speedy and fully installable on a hard drive. SliTaz is
distributed in the form of a Live-CD that you can easily burn to a cdrom and boot from. When the
system is running you can eject the Live-CD and use your CD drive for other tasks. The Live system
provides a fully-featured, working graphical distro and lets you keep your data and personal
settings on persistent media. The system can be extended with the Tazpkg package manager and
security updates are provided for the cooking and stable versions.
Simplicity is based on Puppy Linux and offers a slightly different look and feel. It comes in four
different flavors: Obsidian and Netbook are lightweight versions suitable for older systems, Media
is built for PCs that are used as media centers, and Desktop is the standard, full-featured version.
Tiny Core Linux
If you have a really, really old or underpowered system, you may want to take a look at Tiny Core
Linux. It weighs in at just 12MB but still offers a graphical interface, but doesn't include a lot of
hardware support or applications. It's highly customizable, however, so users can easily add in just
what they need while keeping the OS footprint small.
Ubuntu Touch
Ubuntu Touch is a mobile version of the Ubuntu operating system developed by Canonical UK Ltd
and Ubuntu Community.[2] It is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as
smartphones and tablet computers.
The self-proclaimed "best little Linux operating system available anywhere," lightweight
VectorLinux aims to be very fast and very stable. It includes tools that will be popular with
advanced users but it also has an easy-to-use graphic interface for newbies.
Like Lubuntu, Xubuntu is a lightweight version of Ubuntu. It uses the Xfce interface, which is
clean, modern and easy to use. It also runs well on older hardware.
Formerly known as "Minislack," ZenWalk is a lightweight distribution that focuses on fast
performance and support for multimedia. It includes some special features that appeal to
programmers, and the desktop version can also be tweaked to function as a server. Note that the
website is organized like a forum, so it can be a little tricky to navigate.
Absolute Linux
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Absolute is a x86 Linux distribution based upon Slackware. It concentrates on "desktop" use so
that it
is ready for internet, multimedia, document and general home use out of the box. Absolute is
lightweight -- meaning 2 things: that it can run on on older hardware and that the OS interface
stays out of your way
Porteus is a complete Linux operating system that is optimized to run from CD, USB flash drive,
hard drive, or other bootable storage media. It's small (under 300Mb) and insanely fast which
allows you to start up and get online while most other operating systems are left spitting dust.
Porteus comes in both 32 & 64 bit and aims to keep on the bleeding edge
Trisquel Mini
Trisquel GNU/Linux is a fully free operating system for home users, small enterprises and
educational centers.
Xubuntu Core
Xubuntu core is a slimmed down version of Xubuntu that doesn’t come with all the additional
features of a full and modern desktop. We essentially only ship Xfce and the basic look and feel of
Xubuntu, so there will be no office suite, media players, et cetera. The obvious benefit is that this
ISO (about 600MB) will be faster to download – especially interesting for those with limited
connectivity – and fit on a CD. We have been working on this for a while, which is why you can
already install it starting with Utopic Introducing Xubuntu core .
A list of all Linux distros and Linux kernel based operating systems featured on
MX Linux
AntiX is a fast, lightweight and easy to install Linux live CD distribution based on Debian Testing
for Intel-AMD x86 compatible systems. AntiX offers users the “antiX Magic” in an environment
suitable for old computers. So don't throw away that old computer yet! The goal of antiX is to
provide a light, but fully functional and flexible free operating system for both newcomers and
experienced users of Linux. It should run on most computers, ranging from 64MB old PII 266
systems with pre-configured 128MB swap to the latest powerful boxes. 128MB RAM is
recommended minimum for antiX. The installer needs minimum 2.2GB hard disk size. AntiX can
also be used as a fast-booting rescue CD.
Bodhi Linux
And why do I need it?Bodhi Linux is a Linux Distribution leveraging the fast, customizable, and
beautiful Enlightenment Desktop. Enlightenment coupled with a minimal set of utilities such as a
browser, text editor, and package management tools form the solid foundation of Bodhi Linux.
Minimalism is one of Bodhi Linux's two core ideals. The combination of Enlightenment and the
core utilities included in a default Bodhi Linux install lead to exceptional speed and low system
requirements, while providing a beautiful, usable, and customizable desktop experience. User
choice is another important feature embodied in Bodhi Linux. By only including a small set of
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default utilities, the user is free to make Bodhi Linux their operating system. Users can install
applications from our extremely easy to use AppCenter, apt-get, or Synaptic to suit their
individual needs. You make the decision!If you're the kind of person that wants to make your own
choices, this might be the distribution for you. System Requirements What do I need to run Bodhi?
The minimum requirements to run Bodhi Linux are only: 300+MHz CPU, 128MB RAM,and 2.5GB
hard drive space!website
Crunchbang → Please see Lightweight Linux Distros
Elementary OS: → Please see Lightweight Linux Distros
Linux Lite
Linux Lite - Simple, fast, free By producing an easy to use Linux based operating system, we hope
that people will discover just how simple it can be to use Linux Lite. Linux Lite is free for everyone
to use and share, and is suitable for people who are new to Linux or for people who want a
lightweight environment that is also fully functional. Linux Lite is also great for reviving that old
laptop or desktop you gave up on a few years back. The goal of Linux Lite is to introduce Windows
users to an intuitively simple,alternative operating system. Linux Lite is a showcase for just how
easy it can be to use Linux. From familiar software like Firefox and Thunderbird, to simply named
menu items, to one click updates and software installs we hope that you will find Linux Lite an
enjoyable computing experience. We encourage people to make copies of Linux Lite and hand
them out to friends and family, and to show other people there are alternatives out there that are
not only free, but provide a safer, simpler way to use your computer .
The advantages of Puppy Linux:Easy installation on hard disk, USB stick or Zip. Booting from CD
(or DVD), the CD drive is then free for other uses. Starting the CD (or DVD), you save everything
you want on the CD (or DVD).Booting from a USB stick, Lxpup minimizes writes to increase their
lifespan. Extremely intuitive for Linux beginners. Start and Quick Launch. Has the necessary
applications for everyday use. Restore a new life to the old PC. Loading and total operation Ram.
Linux Mint XFCE
The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system
which is both powerful and easy to use. Started in 2006, Linux Mint is now the 4th most widely
used home operating system behind Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS and Canonical's Ubuntu.
Some reasons for the success of Linux Mint are:It works out of the box, with full multimedia
support and is extremely easy to use. It's both free of cost and open source. It's community-driven.
Users are encouraged to send feedback to the project so that their ideas can be used to improve
Linux Mint. Based on Debian and Ubuntu, it provides about 30,000 packages and one of the best
software managers. It's safe and reliable. Thanks to a conservative approach to software updates, a
unique Update Manager and the robustness of its Linux architecture, Linux Mint requires very
little maintenance (no regressions, no antivirus, no anti-spy ware...etc).
Lubuntu → Please see Lightweight Linux Distros
Manjaro is a user-friendly Linux distribution based on the independently developed Arch
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operating system. Within the Linux community, Arch itself is renowned for being an exceptionally
fast, powerful, and lightweight distribution that provides access to the very latest cutting edge and bleeding edge - software. However, Arch is also aimed at more experienced or technicallyminded users. As such, it is generally considered to be beyond the reach of those who lack the
technical expertise (or persistence) required to use it.
MacPUP → Please see Lightweight Linux Distros
OS4 OpenLinux
Black Lab Linux for Professionals
Black Lab Linux, the award-winning distribution that has won acclaim for being the easiest to use
and easiest to install is being offered to the business world. Built with features to enhance your
workers productivity, and to save your business money. With a familiar user interface and cited as
the best Windows drop-in replacement you can get more information on these releases here
Peppermint OS
Something a Little Different...People have been trying to create an effective web centric operating
system for years now. This is especially true in Linux with projects like the Ubuntu Netbook
Remix, Google Chrome OS, and Moblin all coming to the forefront in recent years. On the downside
of things, these systems, though great for surfing the web, lack a lot of the familiarity that people
demand from something they use on a day to day basis. Here at Peppermint, we’re committed to
giving you a system that won’t throw you for a loop while trying to get things settled in. While
conceptualizing Peppermint, we toyed around with a lot of ideas trying to determine how best to
meet our goal of providing a fast, web-centric operating
System that’s easy to learn and effective when put in use. The end result was a decision to use an
interface that stays out of your way and lets you go about your business. The default desktop
environment for Peppermint is LXDE (literally, “Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment”) which
has shown itself time and again to be user friendly, easy on the eyes, and wicked fast.
Point Linux
The purpose: Desktop PC distro
Target audience: Experienced users and business/IT sector Based on: Debian 7 (Wheezy)
Kernel: 3.2.0-4
DE: Mate 1.4.2
Compiz: Available in repo. Not installed by default
DM: LightDM
Distro format: LiveCD/USB, LiveDVD/USB
Supported architectures: i386 (i686-pae), amd64
Distro language: English in Live Session, Localized installation.
Installer:GUI Point Linux Installer 0.16.2
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SolydX and SolydK are Debian based distributions with the Xfce and KDE desktop. SolydXK aims to
be simple in use, providing an environment that is both stable and secure. SolydXK is an open
source alternative for small businesses, non-profit organizations and home users. A bit of history
You find SolydXK’s roots in another great distribution: Linux Mint. There were two distributions
which I liked very much: Linux Mint KDE and Linux Mint Debian Edition. There were once rumors
that the two would merge, but unfortunately that didn’t happen. So, I decided to make my own
distribution. First as a tutorial in the forum, but later it became known as “The unofficial LMDE
KDE”. When Linux Mint dropped their LMDE Xfce edition, I started that one from scratch and “The
unofficial LMDE Xfce” was born. Both these editions were mainly created with the help of the
community. Without them they simply wouldn’t exist. Especially with the Xfce edition where the
community decided which software was to be included and which software not. So, these
distributions are really community driven. When it became clear that the unofficial editions were
not going to become official I decided to take the next step and let these great distributions stand
on their own two feet and the unofficial got their proper names: SolydX and SolydK. SolydXK will
not forget its roots. SolydXK and Linux Mint closely work together to make our distributions even
Sparky Linux Website
Sparky Linux is a lightweight, fast and simple Linux distribution designed for both old and new
computers featuring customized Enlightenment and LXDE desktops. It has been built on the
“testing” branch of Debian GNU/Linux.
Available for i486 and x86_64 machines.
Main features:
- Debian testing based
- rolling release
- lightweight, fast & simple
- main edition – lightweight & fast LXDE desktop
- Enlightenment – lightweight and beautiful
- ultra light edition with Openbox and JWM desktops (Ultra Edition)
- special gaming edition: Game Over
- MATE Edition with GNOME 2 fork desktop
- Razor-Qt Edition with Qt based desktop
- CLI Edition for building own customized desktop
- most wireless and mobile network cards supported
- set of selected applications, multimedia codecs and plugins
- easy hard drive / USB installation
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Xubuntu → Please see Lightweight Linux Distros
Main advantages
The Zorin OS operating system gives you the ultimate desktop experience. Some advantages of
Zorin OS:
No risk of getting viruses
Much faster than Windows 7, 8 & 10
An easy to use and familiar desktop
Customizable user interface thanks to our Look Changer
Stable as it is based on the robust Linux operating system
All the software you'll ever need out of the box
Extremely versatile and customizable Open Source software
Available in over 55 languages Top-notch security
People are in constant fear of viruses and malware in this digital world. Thanks to Zorin OS's
immunity to Windows viruses you will never have to worry about
Then. Zorin OS also comes with integrated firewall software to keep your system extra safe. When
a potential security threat arises, software updates usually come within a matter of hours through
the Update Manager. With Zorin OS you are sure to have peace of mind.
With oil prices fluctuating on the world market and governments scraping the bottom of the
barrel to sustain a country, why have countries fail to start teaching children via open source and
starting children from early child hood education to start a computing life base on open source.
Can small Island states and third world countries keep up to date with proprietary software at the
prices they are selling and maintain a country development in the changing world of technology
''no'', only through open source serious development changes can take place.
Welcome to Eskwela OS!
We all know that some of our old computers might just be lying around, still in working condition
but not used. Some of these stopped receiving updates because it was stopped by the software
Eskwela OS' first stable release, codenamed "Isa" (means one), is a lightweight linux operating
system. It uses XFCE, a lightweight window manager to make older computers work faster and
more efficient. It can also refresh new and powerful systems.
The name Eskwela is a Filipino word that means school. Thus, with this operating system, we give
you the freedom to explore the world and learn from it.
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Eskwela OS aims to become a major linux operating system for schools in the Philippines. It
specially aims to be installed on lower-end computers for educational purposes.
DoudouLinux - The computer they prefer!
“DoudouLinux reveals to children the creative, educative, cultural and fun potential that is lying
dormant inside every computer.”
DoudouLinux is specially designed for children to make computer use as easy and pleasant as
possible for them (and for their parents too! [1]), while taking care of children self-fulfillment.
DoudouLinux provides tens of applications that suit children from 2 to 12 years old and gives them
an environment as easy to use as a gaming console. Kids can learn, discover and have fun without
Dad and Mum always watching!
Edubuntu is a grassroots movement, we aim to get Ubuntu into schools, homes and communities
and make it easy for users to install and maintain their systems.
We are students, teachers, parents and hackers who believe that learning and knowledge should
be available to everyone who wants to improve themselves and the world around them.
GCompris is a high quality educational software suite comprising numerous activities for children
aged 2 to 10.
This distribution is designed more for higher education. It's Knoppix-based LiveCD that's also
installable on hard drives. It's loaded with many open source applications, most related to
mathematics and science. It also features the basic workstation programs, Firefox web browser,
OpenOffice suite, media player, a PDF viewer and more.
KnoSciences includes several interactive geometry applications, such as Declic, Edugraphe, and
GeoGebra. Examples of algebra applications are Giac/Xcas, Maxima, and Yacas. Space simulators
Celestia and Kstars are also included. You'll find many chemistry applications, such Chemtool to
draw chemical structures, Katomic, a chemistry game, and Ghemical, a computational chemistry
LinuxKidX is educational software suite that contains several educational games for children from
2 to 15 years old. Default language: Portuguese. If you have liked LinuxKidX Please help us to the
project alive.
One Laptop Per Child (OLPC)
If every child in the world had access to a computer, what potential could be unlocked? What
problems could be solved? These are the types of questions that led to the foundation of the One
Laptop per Child (OLPC) project. They've been creating and giving laptops to the world's poorest
children, to stimulate education and empowerment through creativity, expression, sharing, and
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Learning software for children
At Sugar Labs, we make a collection of tools that learners used to explore, discover, create, and
reflect. We distribute these tools freely and encourage our users to appropriate them, taking
ownership and responsibility for their learning.
A platform for learning to do, and teaching academic success to high school and colleges students
The ubermix is an all-free, specially built, Linux-based operating system designed from the ground
up with the needs of education in mind. Built by educators with an eye towards student and
teacher empowerment, ubermix takes all the complexity out of student devices by making them as
reliable and easy-to-use as a cell phone, without sacrificing the power and capabilities of a full
operating system. With a turn-key, 5 minute installation, 20 second quick recovery mechanism,
and more than 60 free applications pre-installed, ubermix turns whatever hardware you have into
a powerful device for learning.
16.Keyboard Shortcuts and Commands
Linux Keyboard Shortcuts
Linux Shortcuts and Commands:
A wiki-style reference database for keyboard shortcuts
Linux Directory Structure (File System Structure) Explained with Examples by Ramesh Natarajan
Understanding the Linux file system directories / hierarchy Website
3.1. General overview of the Linux file system Website
18.Fresh Install
Starting Any New Linux OS Right
While any and everyone will take due care and precision in the installation of any Linux Operating
System, broken packages can occur unknowing to anyone, best practices always dictates before
running any Linux Operating after a fresh install the following is recommended
You will get to the Recovery Menu, on which you choose the dpkg option “Repair broken
packages“. Note that you will need to be connected to the internet for it to retrieve the packages
it needs.
This procedure will also apply to fixing any broken packages in any Linux Distro, if updating a
system and the package get broken, synaptic package manager is broken or power went computer
shutdown do same and fix package
 When Rebooting the Computers after fresh install
 Using the down arrow on the keyboard click Advanced
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 Click Recovery Mode
 Recovery Menu File System Pop-Up
 Using your down arrow on the keyboard scroll down
 Click on dpkg Repair Broken Packages
 dpkg is completed
 Click Resume Resume Normal Boot OK
 Computer is now restarting
 If after starting your computer you get updates
 Install the updates
 After the updates have been completed Open your Terminal
Other Options In Repairing Broken Packages Via The Terminal
 sudo apt-get --fix-broken install
If the above command didn't help, try these:
 sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/* -vf
 sudo apt-get update
 You may also try these commands:
 sudo apt-get clean
 sudo apt-get autoclean
 sudo apt-get autoremove
 Another useful commands:
 sudo dpkg --configure -a
 sudo apt-get update
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The purpose of unattended upgrade is to keep the computer current with the latest security (and
other) updates automatically without have to do manual updates when pop up on the computer
Enabling Automatic Security Updated In Any Ubuntu-based Distro
Type in the terminal sudo dpkg-reconfigure -plow unattended-upgrades
A Window will pop-up, using your keyboard arrow the left one go to yes then click enter
This will provide automatic updates for your Linux Operating System or any Linux System you
choose base on Ubuntu Distro.
No more manual update There’s nothing more tedious as a computer owner than running security
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updates on a computer as they pop-up for manual installation. Luckily Ubuntu base Distro will let
you automate stable security updates so you’re never at risk.
All you need to do is run this one single command on your computer in terminal
Enabling Automatic Security Updated In Debian – based Distro See the commands Debian Unattended
The Unix-like operating systems, such as Linux differ from other computing systems in that they
are not only multitasking but also multi-user.
What exactly does this mean? It means that more than one user can be operating the computer at
the same time. While your computer only has one keyboard and monitor, it can still be used by
more than one user. For example, if your computer is attached to a network, or the Internet,
remote users can log in via ssh (secure shell) and operate the computer. In fact, remote users can
execute graphical applications and have the output displayed on a remote computer. The X
Window system supports this.
Sudo Manual Pages
21.Windows Under Linux
There are a certain number of applications, both open-source and commercial, that will allow
Windows applications to run under Linux. They are referred to as emulators, meaning that they
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replicate the functions of Windows on a Linux platform. Many MS Office applications, games and
other programs can be run using an emulator with varying degrees of success ranging from nearnative speed and functionality to only basic performance.
Wine is the primary open-source Windows emulator for Linux. It is a kind of compatibility layer
for running Windows programs, but does not require Microsoft Windows to run the applications.
Installed through any Linux distro via the software center Package Installer. Wine versions are
rapidly packaged by the Community Repository members and made available to users.
Wine is pre-installed on all Linux operating, it can be downloaded from the software center (aka
apps store)
22.Apps Store
Beginner Geek: How to Install Software on Linux
Installing Software on Linux
Installing software on Linux involves package managers and software repositories, not
downloading and running. exe files from websites like on Windows. If you’re new to Linux, this can
seem like a dramatic culture shift.
Ubuntu Software Center
The Ubuntu Software Centre gives you instant access to thousands of free and open-source
applications. And now you can buy apps from some leading providers too. All our software is easy
to find and.
YaST Software Management
Software Management is the main package management tool on openSUSE. It's used to install
additional software packages or to remove installed packages.
Package Management in LINUX
Find Linux alternatives to Windows and Mac OS X software. LinuxAppFinder does one simple
thing, it lists Linux alternatives to Windows and OS X Software. The site lists hundreds of Linux
apps and offers a wide range of alternatives to almost any popular Windows and Mac OX apps. You
can browse Linux apps by category like Games, Graphics, Security etc. or check them
There are several Linux Apps Alternatives for Windows and OS X Software
Linux App Finder
Linux Dooblet Apps
Linux Alternative Apps
Linux Donkey Apps
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The Best Alternative App Stores for Linux
24.Office Suite
Apache OpenOffice
Apache OpenOffice is one of the better-known open source office software suites available. It
provides tools for word processing, spreadsheets, presentations, graphics and databases. Apache
OpenOffice lets you save documents in the OpenDocument format, read Microsoft Word
documents and save your work in Microsoft Word format.
Calligra Suite
The Calligra Suite is Calligra for the desktop. It offers a comprehensive set of 8 applications which
satisfies the office, graphics and management needs.
Feng Office Community Edition
Community Edition The Community Edition is free for everyone to Download. It is the
recommended download for Technical Personal Use, Academic Research, and non Business-Critical
Google Docs
Google Docs is a Web-based word processor, spreadsheet, presentation and form application
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developed by Google.
It allows users to create and edit documents, spreadsheets, and presentations online while
collaborating in real-time with other users.
Go-oo Office
Go-oo has built in OpenXML import filters and it will import your Microsoft Works files. Compared
with up-stream OO.o, it has better Microsoft binary file support (with e.g. fields support), and it
will import WordPerfect graphics beautifully. If you are reliant on Excel VBA macros - then Go-oo
offers the best macro fidelity too. If you expect your spreadsheets to calculate compatibly, or you
get embedded Visio diagrams in your documents, you'll want Go-oo.
There are a bunch of GNOME/Gtk applications that are useful in an office environment.
KOffice offers the three main tools of any office suite: a word processor, a spreadsheet and a
presentation application.
Kingsoft Office Suite
WPS Office 2016 Free is a free office suite which includes a word processor, a spreadsheet program
and a presentation maker. These three programs can help you easily deal with office tasks.
Writer - Efficient word processor with PDF Reader and PDF creater;
Presentation - Multimedia presentations creator;
Spreadsheets - Powerful tool for data processing and analysis
LibreOffice - Download it from your software center
Developed by The Document Foundation, the LibreOffice suite is a fork of OpenOffice, meaning the
underlying source code is the same, but the software has gone in a different development
direction. (LibreOffice was created in 2010 by OpenOffice developers worried about what Oracle,
which had acquired Sun Microsystems, the original developers of, would do with
the code base.) LibreOffice boasts the same six applications as Apache Openoffice
LibreOffice Writer With Extensions - replacement for Microsoft Word
LibreOffice Calc - replacement for Microsoft Excel
LibreOffice - Adding Extensions LibreOffice Extension Downloads
LibreOffice Impress Learn how to enhance your LibreOffice Impress slide-show presentations by
embedding videos into them Embed video into a LibreOffice Impress presentation
The stable and secure alternative to OpenOffice for Mac OS X
OxygenOffice Professional is a free and open source enhancement of official The
OxygenOffice Professional is based on the solid source of the enhanced by
features and several other extras
Scribus - Download it from your software center
Open Source Desktop Publishing
Siag Office
Siag Office is a tightly integrated, free office package. It consists of the spreadsheet Siag, the word
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processor PW, the animation program Egon, the text editor XedPlus, the file manager Xfiler and
the previewer Gvu.
Soft Maker Office
SoftMaker FreeOffice is a complete office suite with a word processor, a spreadsheet application,
and a presentation-graphics program:
ThinkFree Office
ThinkFree Office is the most accurate MS Office-compatible productivity suite on the market
today. Use ThinkFree Office™ to create word processing
documents, spreadsheets, and graphic presentations, or open and edit Word™, Excel™, and
documents in ThinkFree Office™. You will be amazed by our faithful recreation of the Office user
interface -- new users are immediately productive.
Yozo Office
Yozo Office was written in Java to run on multiple operating systems and was designed as a single
integrated program. Yozo Office Spreadsheets, Text Documents and Presentations all share a
single user interface and one file format
FreeCAD Website
FreeCAD A common complaint about Linux is that there isn’t good software for some more specific
tasks, including CAD software. While you can’t get AutoCAD onto your Linux system, there’s a
great free alternative called FreeCAD which can take care of your CAD needs. It’s also made to be
modular, so you can add in extra functionality if you need it. If need be, you can also try out
FreeCAD on Windows or Mac OS X before you make the switch to Linux so you’ll already feel
comfortable with it.
Netflix: While most web apps will work normally in Linux, Netflix won’t — it’s using Microsoft’s
Silverlight for its video player. In spite of Microsoft’s promises about Silverlight being crossplatform, they’ve refused to cooperate with the Moonlight project on this If you’re a Netflix
subscriber, you’ll want to install the Netflix Desktop app so you can play Netflix. Netflix Desktop
contains a patched version of Wine that has Microsoft’s Silverlight plug-in working properly —
however, it’s a very slick and easy-to-use solution.
In PinguyOS Netflix can be installed from Ubuntu software center, To install Netflix Desktop,
Menu, System Tool, Ubuntu Software Center
For other Linux Distro Netflex can be install from the terminal open the terminal using the
following commands
$ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:pipelight/stable
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install pipelight-multi wine-compholio
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$ sudo pipelight-plugin --enable silverlight
$ sudo pipelight-plugin --enable widevine
$ sudo apt-get install netflix-desktop
Ardour is an open source, collaborative effort of a worldwide team including musicians,
programmers, and professional recording engineers. Development is transparent — anyone can
watch our work as it happens. Like a good piece of vintage hardware, you can open the box and
look inside. Of course, you don't have to … but one day the fact that anybody can will be useful.
This openness forces a kind of integrity on the project that is hard to find in proprietary software,
and helps us to focus on issues and features that matter to our users rather than stuff that just
looks good in advertisements.
64 Studio
64 Studio is based on Debian designed for creative users on x86-64 and legacy 32-bit hardware
architectures. It intends to serve as an all-in-one solution for audio and video recording, editing,
and other forms of media production. An alternative installer is available for systems with 32-bit
AGNULA/DeMuDI 1.2.1, the Debian-based GNU/Linux distribution for audio and music
Aptana Studio
Aptana Studio 3.6.1 is our code base and complete environment that includes extensive
capabilities to build Ruby and Rails, PHP, and Python applications, along with complete HTML, CSS
and JavaScript editing.
Apodio Apodio Gnu/linux multimedia livecd
APODIO is a GNU/Linux platform containing audio, text-friendly, graphic and video tools. It can be
used as a liveCD or be installed on a partition of your hard disk
ArtistX is based on Debian GNU/Linux and contains nearly all the available free audio (Rosegarden,
Ardour, TerminatorX, Cecilia/Csound, Gnusound, Mixxx ) 2D graphics (Gimp, Inkscape, Nip2, Krita,
Cinepaint, Synfig, Rawstudio, Skencil ) and 3D graphics (Wings3D, Kpovmodeler + Povray 3.6, K3D)
and video software (Cinelerra, Kino, Openmovieeditor, Kdenlive, Pitivi, Avidemux) for the
GNU/Linux computing platform. It doesn't need to be installed, and boots directly into a running
system without touching hard drives.
AV Linux
AV Linux is NOT a Linux Distribution in the ‘proper’ sense…
It is a freely shared 32 and 64bit downloadable and installable ISO Image created from a carefully
pre-configured snapshot of the Debian GNU/Linux “Testing” Distribution. This ISO image is
provided to facilitate and initiate the use of Linux as an Audio/Video/Graphics content creation
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Black Lab Linux
Black Lab Linux is a custom Linux distribution that focuses on bringing stability to desktop Linux.
This system provides high performance and enhanced multimedia capabilities to home, business,
and professional desktop Linux users
dyne:bolic is shaped on the needs of media activists, artists and creatives as a practical tool for
multimedia production: you can manipulate and broadcast both sound and video with tools to
record, edit, encode and stream, having automatically recognized most device and peripherals:
audio, video, TV, network cards, firewire, usb and more; all using only free software. It is
optimized to run on slower computers, turning them into full media station
Dream Studio
Dream Studio contains all the apps you need to create stunning graphics, captivating videos,
inspiring music, and professional websites.
GeeXboX, as described from its website, is a free embedded Linux distribution which aims at
turning your computer into a so called HTPC (Home Theater PC) or Media Center. Despite its tiny
ISO image size, the distribution comes with complete and automatic hardware detection, not
requiring any driver to be added. It supports playback of nearly any kind of audio/video and image
files and all known codecs and containers are shipped in, allowing playing them through various
physical supports, either being CD, DVD, HDD, LAN or Internet.
JackLab Audio
JackLab Audio Distribution is an openSUSE-based Linux distribution designed for musicians,
producers and media creators. It is based on a low-latency, real-time Linux kernel and features the
Jack Audio Connection Kit (JACK) for professional audio/midi controlling interface. The
distribution uses Enlightenment 17 as its default desktop.
KXStudio is a collection of applications and plugins for professional audio production.
KXStudio provides Debian and Ubuntu compatible repositories and its own Linux Distribution
currently based on Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS.
Making beats has never been easier
m-dist is a small, ˜140 MB, embedded Linux system tuned for MIDI and audio use. There's no
software to install; you download the ISO, burn it to CD, pop it in your computers CD drive and
Musix 3-0-1-stable-released
Musix GNU+Linux is a Live CD and Live DVD Linux distribution based on Knoppix, Kanotix and
Debian GNU/Linux. It contains a collection of software for audio production, graphic design, video
editing and general purpose apps. Some of the programs included are: Rosegarden and Ardour
(audio processor), both for musicians; Inkscape for vectorial design; GIMP for manipulation of
images; Cinelerra for video editing and Blender3D for 3D animation
StartCom MultiMedia Edition
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The StartCom MultiMedia Edition is most famous for its audio and video manipulation capabilities,
but also for the wide range of the delivered applications. StartCom Linux is using the latest in open
source technology and with its advanced audio and video manipulation capabilities makes this
operating system an excellent platform for music and video production. It contains outstanding
applications like Cinelerra, Rosegarden, Audacity and many,many sound manipulating effect tools,
synthesizers, samplers, sequencers. It also has a TV/Video/File streaming server and client for
easier audio and video sharing.
Ubuntu Studio
Ubuntu Studio is an officially renowned offshoot of the Ubuntu Linux distribution which is clearly
geared to general multimedia production. It contains an amazing list of audio software for editing
and playback such as ardour, audacious, mixxx, and much more. Graphic design and modeling
applications are also included such as GIMP, Inkscape and Blender, along with plugins like dcraw
to help with RAW camera files and wacom-tools for people with Wacom drawing tablets. PiTiVi,
Kino, Cinepaint are included for video creation.
Minicom is a text-based serial port communications program, similar to Cutecom. It is used to talk
to external RS232 devices such as mobile phones, routers. It's available for all versions of the
Ubuntu family. Links to several specific guides for configuring hardware are detailed in the 'Useful
Links' section below. Website
Serial Communication
Linux comes with many serial text and gui based serial communication programs. My favorite is
minicom - friendly menu driven serial communication program.
If you are addicted to DOS / Windows TELIX (a telecommunications program originally written for
DOS and was released in 1986), minicom is for you under Linux / UNIX. Website
Minicom For Linux Read More
Using Minicom to give commands to a modem Read More
Minicom serial video how to Watch The Video
Serial Console HowTo
Linux Serial Console HOWTOby Van Emery
Privacy for anyone anywhere
Tails is a live operating system, that you can start on almost any computer from a DVD, USB stick,
or SD card. It aims at preserving your privacy and anonymity, and helps you to:
 use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship;
all connections to the Internet are forced to go through the Tor network;
 leave no trace on the computer you are using unless you ask it explicitly;
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 use state-of-the-art cryptographic tools to encrypt your files, emails and instant messaging.
Remove Amazon Results from Dash
Ubuntu added Amazon integration into a few releases ago. While many people complained
that their privacy was at risk since every search was being sent to Amazon’s servers.
To remove the Amazon search results from the Dash, simply run the command sudo apt-get
autoremove unity-lens-shopping and restart. This will get rid of the Dash lens that is
responsible for those results
Alternatively, you can also go into the System Settings –> Privacy, and disable Online
Search Results. Do note that this toggle will affect not just the Amazon search results, but
also any other dash lenses that require the Internet to function
The Linux distros for privacy and security
Linux Operating Systems comes in various categories based on use case and the intended target
group. Server, education, games, amateur and multimedia are some of the most popular categories
of Linux distros.
For security conscious users, however, there's a growing niche of distros aimed at protecting your
privacy. These distros help ensure you don't leave a digital footprint as you go about navigating
the web.
However, for the truly paranoid, privacy distros are only one part of the equation – and the
greater part of that equation involves penetration testing distros. These are distros designed for
analyzing and evaluating network and system security. These efforts feature a vast array of
forensic tools to help you test your configured systems for potential weaknesses.
JonDo Live-CD/DVD
Kali Linux
Pentoo Linux
Parrot Security OS
Security Onion
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Try to get back your box
29.Non-Linux OS
Chromium is the open source project behind Google's Chrome OS—the operating system used on
Chromebook devices. It's best for users who use Google's cloud services heavily. Less technical
users may find it challenging installing Chromium on a former Windows XP machine.
Users interested in trying a desktop operating system that isn't based on Linux can also check out
PC-BSD. It's based on FreeBSD, which is known for its stability, and emphasizes user-friendliness.
Older versions supported the KDE desktop only, but the latest update allows users to select their
choice of desktop interface.
Unlike most of the other operating systems on this list, ReactOS isn't a version of Linux or BSD;
instead, it's a completely new free OS designed to be Windows-compatible. At this point, it's still
an alpha release, but it shows promise.
Switching from Windows to Linux anyone can anticipate and run into problems if one is a
newcomer to Linux, no one has all the answer to any problems but base on combine efforts and
research one can get all the answer to all his problems by having the right resources to research.
When problems arrive and being a newcomer to Linux it can be frustrating one will have options
by googling it is one method, but having the correct links for finding problems make it much easy
and rewarding knowing that one is looking in the right direction.
Here are some important links for solving problems and getting answer to question as its relate to
Linux Operating System Please note most the Linux OS have their own forum categorized for
solving problems
Offical Ubuntu Documentation
Ubuntu Froums
HowTo Report A Bug
31.Amateur Radio
2.Ham Radio Linux OS
3.Linux OS For Hams
4.SourceForge Linux Ham Radio
6.Linux Platform Ham Radio Programs
7.Wireless Router Project
8.Linux Ham Radio Links
9.Linux VoIP
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11.Linux and mostly Linux
13.Internet base radio station
14.Linux Matters
15.Launch Pad
16.International Distress Frequency
17.Amateur Radio by VE3SRE
18.For The High Tech Amateur Radio Operator
Linux ham radio software is at the cutting edge of technology, free to install and use. Because
Linux is also open source, you can even modify the software if you like! You will find a list of ham
radio applications here.
Intro to Linux (for Ham Radio Operators)
Tanner Lovelace
2.Ham Radio Linux OS
DX Zone Amateur Radio Linux Distribution
hamOS- Sourceforge net project
hamOS - A Debian based Linux respin for Amateur Radio Operators
A Debian based Live and Installable operating system for radio amateurs. hamOS contains many
preinstalled ham radio applications as well as a custom menu. This respin is geared toward the
newer Linux user. hamOS uses the lightweight LXDE desktop environment and is therefore
suitable for older hardware (I've used it on a PII 300mHz machine w/ 256mb ram). Check out the
Get Extras folder on the desktop to run some custom scripts that will automatically grab flash,
codecs, and other non-libre software.
Instructions for fixing the repositories in hamOS 12.48.
Download the sources.list file and the thirdparty.list files to your Downloads folder.
Open up the file manager (icon looks like a filing cabinet) and navigate to your Downloads folder.
Open up a terminal in the Downloads folder by pressing the F4 key on your keyboard.
Copy the following command to the terminal and hit ENTER (You will be asked for your password).
sudo cp sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo cp thirdparty.list
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/thirdparty.list && sudo apt-get update
This should copy the correct sources and update the available software.
Harv's Hamshack Hack
The most advance Linux distribution for ham radio operators
(current version to download)
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User / password:
herve / 123456789
root / 123456789
By default, keymap layout is set to french, don t forget to change it!
Instead of type « name server » as said in the file please type nameserver
Sorry for that, that ll be fixed in next version.
Ham Radio Linux LiveDVD Ver. 14 supports RTL-SDR, HackRF and more
KB1OIQ - Andy's Ham Radio Linux
3.Linux OS For Hams
WHAT is Debian?
The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a Free
operating system. This operating system that we have created is called Debian.
An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. At the
core of an operating system is the kernel. The kernel is the most fundamental program on the
computer and does all the basic housekeeping and lets you start other programs.
Software Packages in "wheezy", Subsection hamradio
Recommended Linux base distro for Amateur Radio Operators less updates than Ubuntu and Ubuntu
base distro.
What is the Fedora Project?
The Fedora Project is a partnership of free software community members from around the globe.
The Fedora Project builds open source software communities and produces a Linux distribution
called “Fedora.”
Our Mission
The Fedora Project's mission is to lead the advancement of free and open source software and
content as a collaborative community.
Elements of Fedora's Mission
The three elements of this mission are clear:
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 The Fedora Project always strives to lead, not follow.
 The Fedora Project consistently seeks to create, improve, and spread free/libre code and
 The Fedora Project succeeds through shared action on the part of many people throughout
our community.
The CentOS Linux distribution is a stable, predictable, manageable and reproduceable platform
derived from the sources of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). We are now looking to expand on
that by creating the resources needed by other communities to come together and be able to build
on the CentOS Linux platform. And today we start the process by delivering a clear governance
model, increased transparency and access. In the coming weeks we aim to publish our own road
map that includes variants of the core CentOS Linux.
Since March 2004, CentOS Linux has been a community-supported distribution derived from
sources freely provided to the public by Red Hat. As such, CentOS Linux aims to be functionally
compatible with RHEL. We mainly change packages to remove upstream vendor branding and
artwork. CentOS Linux is no-cost and free to redistribute .
CentOS Linux is developed by a small but growing team of core developers. In turn the core
developers are supported by an active user community including system administrators, network
administrators, managers, core Linux contributors, and Linux enthusiasts from around the world.
Ham radio Software on Centos Linux - Configuring multitudes of Amateur / HAM Radio software for
Centos6 / Centos5
Enabling everything HAM radio on Centos Linux! This document is my journey into Linux-assisted
HAM radio with Centos. This covers many topics along my personal discovery which started with
AX.25 packet radio, then into HF digital modes, and most recently SDR and D*star technologies!
This doc will be constantly evolving but here is the index to give you an idea of what it covers
PSKmail on puppy Linux
Puppy Linux is an excellent operating system to run PSKmail, both the client and the server.It
runs on fairly old hardware, and is much faster than UBUNTU or Windows
Ubuntu. com
Ubuntu. org
Ubuntu packages
4.SourceForge Linux Ham Radio
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Sourceforge Linux ham radio
Recently Updated Sourceforge Linux ham radio
Search Sourceforge Directory over 2200+Pages of Open Source Software
Nixory is a free and open source antispyware tool written in Python/PyGTK aimed at removing
malicious tracking cookies from your browser. It currently supports Mozilla Firefox, Internet
Explorer and Google Chrome. It runs on all OS, including Windows, Linux and Mac OSX.
6.Linux Platform Ham Radio Programs
DX Zone Ham Radio Programs For Linux Platform
A Gnome Multimode HF Terminal
GNU/Linux for the Radio Amateur
amateur radio
information technology
electromagnetic wave propagation
Ham Radio India
Linux Hamsoft
The Linux operating system is perhaps the only operating system in the world that can boast
native and standard support for the AX.25 packet radio protocol utilized by Amateur Radio
operators worldwide. This document describes how to install and configure this support.
ALL Software
ANTENNA Software
DIGITAL Software
LOGGING Software
MORSE Software
PACKET Software
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SDR Software
UTILS Software
7.Wireless Router Project
Broadband-Hamnet™ (formerly called HSMM-Mesh™)
DD-WRT is a Linux based alternative OpenSource firmware suitable for a great variety of WLAN
routers and embedded systems. The main emphasis lies on providing the easiest possible handling
while at the same time supporting a great number of functionalities within the framework of the
respective hardware platform used.
8.Linux Ham Radio Links
KF8GR Main Page
Welcome to the KF8GR Linux Ham Software Links
Linux Journal Ham Radio
When All Else Fails—Amateur Radio, the Original Open-Source Project
Linux Ham Radio Software Packages Manager
ON4QZ Ham Software For Linux
The Not-Very-Technical Linux Ham Radio Page
VE3SRE Linux Distros I've Played Around With
9.Linux VoIP
Echolink / Linux Echo-Link KJ6ZD
GitHub Installation Instruction Installation using package
The support for installing SvxLink from prebuilt packages is unfortunately poor in most distributions. To
improve the situation, more active package maintainers are needed. Maybe you are the right person for the
Here are some distributions where packages exist in one or another form:
Svxlink .Net
VoIP, bringing the world closer Echolink Linux
EchoLink on Ubuntu (Setting up Svxlink server and qtel) ZR6AIC
VOIP / DV applications and Ham Radio
I started this VOIP/DV page in 2007. I have added links and documents
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over time, but the following intro paragraphs have pretty much not
changed, pay specific attention to the “Toward Software Defined Radios
and Digital Voice” part that has also remained unchanged since 2007.
CHIRP is a free, open-source tool for programming your amateur radio. It supports numerous
manufacturers and models, as well as provides a way to interface with multiple data sources and
Hackerrussia Radio service software
11.Linux and mostly Linux
 BSD UNIX (with links to project sites)
 ClosedBSD
 Coyote Linux
 Debian
 distrowatch (every distro under the sun)
 everything linux
 FreeBSD
 Free BSD based firewall and servers
 gnoppix Linux
 justlinux
 Linux Amateur Radio AX.25 HOWTO
 Linux Australia
 Linux firewall by Craig Zeller
 Linux Questions
 LEAF - Linux Embedded Appliance Firewall
 Linux Knoppix
 linuxlinks
 Mark Suter's Talks
 OpenBSD
 PicoBSD
 Redhat
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 RPMSeek
 Samba
 SmoothWall (open source firewall distribution)
 SuSe Linux
 The Linux Kernel Archives
 Waikato Linux Users Group
 Discover an open source world
 Best Free Software for Linux
 Linux Link .Com
 Linux Mini Distributions
Amateur Radio Packet Dictionary
Amateur Radio Codes and Alphabets
Amateur Radio Dictionary of Ham Radio Terms
The Information security glossary
Welcome to the glossary of information security and computing terms and phrases. This resource
will hopefully prove to be useful in helping you to understand the jargon and terminology used
within the information security industry and sector
13.Internet base radio station
What about a ham radio internet base radio station ?
Airtime is everything you need to broadcast streaming radio on the web.
Features like advanced automation, DJ management, and seamless transitions between live and
scheduled programming make running an online radio station easier than ever before.
With Airtime doing the heavy lifting, you’ll be able to focus on what you do best: creating truly
professional radio content.
14.Linux Matters
Linux.Com Linux News
ISS dumps Windows into the vacuum of space
Here Are The Best Linux Distros of 2016
Best Lightweight Linux Distros of 2016
It's Open
Ubuntu MATE is a heavyweight among the lightweight distributions
Linux in the Ham Shack » » Linux « Linux in the Ham Shack
Linux, Open Source and Ham Radio for Everyone
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15.Launch Pad
From launch pad you can get PPAs to add to your OS
Launchpad is a software collaboration platform that provides:
Bug tracking
Code hosting using Bazaar
Code reviews
Ubuntu package building and hosting
Mailing lists
Answer tracking and FAQs
Specification tracking
Pages matching "hamradio" in Launchpad
Pages matching "echolink" in Launchpad
Pages matching "ppas ham radio" in Launchpad
Just type in the search box what you looking for once it is there it will come up and you can add
the PPAs to you OS
16.International Distress Frequency
An international distress frequency is a radio frequency that is designated for emergency
communication by international agreement.
17.Amateur Radio by VE3SRE
An Inspiration To Amateur Radio: Five Reasons Why Its Still Relevant!
Isn’t amateur radio “old-fashioned”?
Most amateur radio operators are very much in tune with today’s “hi tech” world and tend to be
“early adopters” of emerging technologies. A lot of hams work in hi tech. For example the Finnish
cellphone giant Nokia recruits a large part of its workforce from the local ham radio community.
18.For The High Tech Amateur Radio Operator
Apricity OS
Welcome to Apricity OS, a modern, intuitive operating system for the cloud generation of
computing. We believe that an operating system should be easy to use, easily accessible, and
beautifully designed. We have also incorporated software in order to minimize security risk as
much as possible.
Staying connected between your devices can be tedious work, but Apricity OS comes with
Pushbullet, a tool that lets you send links and small files between your devices, and lets you
receive mobile notifications, texts, and phone calls across all your devices.
Powerline-Shell, an adaptive and beautiful terminal prompt, brings the console into the modern
world. Have all the most powerful computing tools available at your fingertips, with all the
information you need beautifully displayed just a glance away. Naturally, Powerline is included in
Apricity OS.
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LinBPQ written by John Wiseman G8BPQ is an award wining packet radio Linux software with
APRs, Linbpq is highly Technical and is not for the average email users, CB hams but for highly
technical technocrat amateur radio operators.
To Mike V3UIL Canada, Mike N9PMO USA and Peter 9Y4PJ Trinidad & Tobago great hams in the
pursuit and development of Packet Radio globally, thanks for your contribution over the years and
encouragement to the younger hams
Notes on installing and running LINBPQ.
LinBPQ Applications Interface
Index of /users/john.wiseman/Downloads
Notes on installing and running LINBPQ.
All Protocol Observed
Credits To All Information Sources and Links On The World Wide Web
All logos and trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners.
® and ™ denote registered trademarks in the United States and other countries.
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Julien M Dedier - 9Z4FZ / M0JDD
Arima, Trinidad & Tobago
[email protected]
My Linux boxes, ''what are yours''
Centos 5 IRLP
Linux Mint 17.3 Rosa Xfce Amateur Radio
UberStudent 4.3 Academic
Fedora Workstation 23 Technical
aniX MX-15 Children Workstation
Ubuntu 15.10 Children Workstation
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