Casio | FX260HA | The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide

APPENDIX B4
The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
The GED Tests have been designed to reflect what graduating seniors know and can do. The use of the scientific
calculator is common in most high school level math courses. The GED 2002 Mathematics Test allows the use of the
Casio fx-260 Solar calculator for Part I of the test. Keys and basic functions found on the Casio fx-260 Solar
calculator are identified to help you become familiar with the instrument.
A
I
H
G
B
F
C
E
D
A – Display panel—“DEG” should appear at the top-center of the screen
B – Clear and All Clear keys are shown in red
C – Basic operation keys for addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and equal
D – EXP—Displays the most commonly used number for pi—3.141592654
E – Decimal point
F – Number or digit keys
G – Four keys to remember:
•
+/- changes a positive number to a negative
•
4
•
((… open parentheses
•
…)) close parentheses
backspace key
H – a b/c - Fraction key
I – Two keys to remember:
•
Shift—use in combination with another key
•
X2—squares a number or with the shift key calculates square root
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–7
Steps to Remember When Using the Calculator
When taking the GED 2002 Mathematics Test, check your calculator by:
•
Opening the calculator.
•
Visually check for any defects in the solar panel, screen, and keys.
•
Pressing the “ON” button (upper right hand key).
•
Checking that the display screen shows “DEG” in the upper center of the screen and “0” at the right. If the
calculator is in an alternate mode, press the “Mode” key and the “4”. This will shift the calculator to the
appropriate mode.
•
Pressing the AC (Clear All) key. This will delete all previous information.
•
Pressing the number 8 and fill the entire display screen. This will ensure that the display is working
appropriately and that all numbers will be displayed properly.
•
Checking for proper order of operations by completing a basic problem such as:
2 + (6-4) × (10 ÷ 2) = 12.
Basic Key Functions of the Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator
ON
Power On
AC
Power On/All Clear
C
Clear
4
Backspace Key
•
Decimal Point
3
Digit or Number Key
SHIFT Use in conjunction with another key to change function
Basic Calculations
+
Addition
−
Subtraction
x
Multiplication
÷
Division
=
Equal
Special Keys
a b/c
Fraction key
+/-
%
Percent Key = SHIFT + =
√
EXP
Exponent
X2
Square
((…
Open Parentheses
…))
Close Parentheses
Π
Sign Change
Square Root = SHIFT + x2
Pi or 3.1415926536 = SHIFT + EXP
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–8
Using the Casio fx-260 Solar
Basic Calculations
GED Math problems can be divided into two types of calculations, basic and advanced. The following examples
utilize basic calculations such as: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Use each of the following
problems to help students become familiar with basic calculations. Always have students press the ON or AC buttons
prior to starting calculations.
Example 1: 12 – 3 + 8 =
Before beginning, always press ON or AC
Enter the following: 12
–
4
+
8
5
+
6
=
(Correct answer is 16)
Example 2: 4 × 5 + 6 – 2 =
Enter the following: 4
×
–
2 =
(Correct answer is 24)
Example 3: 4 × (6 + 2) – 10 ÷ 2 =
Enter the following: 4
×
((… 6 + 2 …))
– 10 ÷ 2 =
(Correct answer is 27)
Example 4: -9 + 2 =
Enter the following: 9
+/-
+
2
=
(Correct answer is –7)
Advanced Calculations
The second type of calculation used on the GED Mathematics Test is advanced calculation. Advanced calculations
require the use of operations such as fractions, percentage, square, and square root. These calculations require the
student move beyond the basic number or digit keys and simple operations.
Fractions
When students use the scientific calculator to solve problems dealing with fractions, they must learn how to use the
fraction key. Fractions are entered in two ways:
•
Simple fractions such as ½ are entered as:
•
Mixed numbers such as 1 ½ are entered as:
1
a b/c
1
2
a b/c 1 a b/c
2
EXAMPLE 1: ¼ + ⅔ =
Enter the following: 1
a b/c
4 + 2
a b/c
3 = (Correct answer is 11/12)
EXAMPLE 2: 1 ¾ + 2 ⅓ =
Enter the following: 1
a b/c
3
a b/c
4 + 2 a b/c 1
a b/c
3
=
(Correct answer is 4 1/12)
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–9
Percents
Students may use the scientific calculator to solve problems dealing with percents. The scientific calculator makes it
easy for students to determine percentage increases and decreases.
Example 1: 10% of 340 =
Enter the following: 340 × 10
SHIFT
=
(Correct answer is 34%)
Example 2: Add 30% to 2,700
Enter the following: 2700
× 30 SHIFT
=
+
(Correct answer is 3510)
Example 3: Decrease 2140 by 15%
Enter the following: 2140
× 15
SHIFT
=
–
(Correct answer is 1819)
Squares
The scientific calculator has a special key that enables the student to easily find the square of a given number. To
find the square of 12:
First enter the number 12
Next press the
x2
The correct answer is 144.
Square Roots
key, the student must first use the SHIFT then press the x2 .
To access the square root
Example 1:
16
Enter the following: 16
SHIFT
Example 2: 42 × (3 + 4) ×
Enter the following: 2
2
x
x2
=
(Correct answer is 4)
6 =
× ((… 3 + 4 …))
× 6 SHIFT
x2
=
(Correct answer is 274.3428512)
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–10
Important Points to Remember!
1.
The Casio fx-260 Solar Scientific calculator performs operations in the correct order. However, it is important to
understand the basic principles involved, especially when you want to check your calculations using paper and
pencil. The mnemonic expression “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally” is an excellent device to help you
remember the correct order of operations.
P – Parentheses and other grouping symbols, innermost first,
E – Exponents and square roots,
M, D – Multiplication and Division in order from left to right, then
A, S – Addition and Subtraction, in order from left to right.
2.
To be sure that you are starting clear for a new problem ALWAYS press the ON or AC keys prior to starting
calculations.
3.
To be sure that your answer showing on the screen is the final answer, ALWAYS press
=
key to end the
calculation.
4.
Use estimation to check answers for reasonableness.
5.
Problems including fractions and decimals will always have a decimal answer.
6.
To change a fractional answer into a decimal, after completing the calculation and pressing the =
the
7.
b
/c
key, press
. The final answer will appear as a decimal.
When evaluating fractions, placing separate parentheses around the numerator and the denominator will help
keep the correct order of operation.
8.
Unless it occurs in the first position, any grouping symbol must be preceded by an operational symbol. When no
symbol is present, it is understood to be multiplication.
9.
The most important thing that you can do as the GED student is to use plenty of practice time. Use the calculator
to solve real-life problems. Extend activities beyond the classroom and use the Casio fx-260 Solar Scientific
calculator at home or in the workplace.
10. Last, but certainly not least, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!!
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–11
Upside Down Calculator
Procedures:
1.
Perform each of the indicated computations on the calculator.
2.
Turn the calculator upside down and read the word answer.
3.
A clue is given for each problem.
Calculation
Numerical Answer
Clue
0.140
A name of a state
15 + 2 + 150 + 95 + 55
His story was a
2101 × 9 × 2
An important book
2538.67 × 2
They said a lot of
501 ÷ 12500
After peeling onions you would
(354 × 15) + 7
What you should never tell
141 ÷ 200
The baritone sang
48450 ÷ 6
A messy person
40 ÷ 99
What Santa Clause said
2
2
88 – 3
Opposite of buy
(362536 + 61) ÷ 71
A girl’s name
463 × 79 – 1469
The capitol of Idaho
1911 × 3
Snake-like fish
15469 ÷ 20000 + 190 + 520
The name of an oil company
3
19 + 879
It rings
514 + 3237
A tropical
106 × 35 – 5
The bottom of a shoe
2
2
84 + 7
To make dirty
1377 × 4
Person in charge
(29 × 16 – 1) × 8
This is a big
625 ÷ 5/23 + 2463
They sting
(9 × 20) – 7
What Whitney was called
11 × 7 × 40
Musical instrument
½ × 500 × 140 + 7
Opposite of tight
625 × 2564 – 6382
Word Answer
Have to be paid each month
Follow-up—Make up some problems like this of your own.
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–13
Upside Down Calculator—Answer Key (Words)
OHIO
LIE
BIBLE
HELLOS
BOOHOO
LIES
SOLO
SLOB
HOHOHOHOHO
SELL
LOIS
BOISE
EELS
SHELLOIL
BELL
ISLE
SOLE
SOIL
BOSS
HOLE
BEES
ELI
OBOE
LOOSE
BILLS
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–14
Calculator Tic – Tac – Toe
Play calculator tic – tac – toe! Choose a partner to play against. The first player chooses a number from 1 to 25. The
player completes the calculation. If the answer is one of the numbers in the square, the player marks that square with
either an X or O. It then is the next player’s turn. If the answer is not in a square, the player loses that turn and it
becomes the next player’s turn. Alternate until someone has tic – tac – toe! The game can be played repeatedly.
189
87.5
-3
25
10
12.5
-66
4 5/6
7/16
1.
10 (3 + 12) + 39=
2.
100 ÷ (12 – 8) + 62.5 =
3.
3½+4⅔–3⅓=
4.
(3.59 + 4.2 + 7.9) ÷ 3 =
5.
(2 ⅝ – 1 ⅜) × 4 + 20 =
6.
(¾ + ⅛) ÷ 2 =
7.
½×⅞=
8.
4 is 16% of what number?
9.
What is 125% of 70?
10. 10 is what percent of 80?
11. Subtract a 15% discount from $180
12. What is the increase from $147.50 to $162.25?
13. What is the decrease from 32 to 24?
14. 15 – (-35) =
15. (7)(3) + (-7) (-7) – 3 =
16. (-12) + (-31) + (-23) =
17. (-2) (6 ¼) (-7) =
18. 5x + 2 = -13, x = ?
19. 52 × 32 – (-62) =
20.
9=
21. 4 5/6 + (4 5/6 × 2) – (9 2/3) =
22. 7.52 +
100 – (-21.25) =
23. 33 + (-99) =
24. (–35 × 7) + 179 =
25. 2 × 1 1/5 + 4 × 2.5 – 2 2/5 =
Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide
B–15
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