APPENDIX B4 The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide The GED Tests have been designed to reflect what graduating seniors know and can do. The use of the scientific calculator is common in most high school level math courses. The GED 2002 Mathematics Test allows the use of the Casio fx-260 Solar calculator for Part I of the test. Keys and basic functions found on the Casio fx-260 Solar calculator are identified to help you become familiar with the instrument. A I H G B F C E D A – Display panel—“DEG” should appear at the top-center of the screen B – Clear and All Clear keys are shown in red C – Basic operation keys for addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and equal D – EXP—Displays the most commonly used number for pi—3.141592654 E – Decimal point F – Number or digit keys G – Four keys to remember: • +/- changes a positive number to a negative • 4 • ((… open parentheses • …)) close parentheses backspace key H – a b/c - Fraction key I – Two keys to remember: • Shift—use in combination with another key • X2—squares a number or with the shift key calculates square root Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–7 Steps to Remember When Using the Calculator When taking the GED 2002 Mathematics Test, check your calculator by: • Opening the calculator. • Visually check for any defects in the solar panel, screen, and keys. • Pressing the “ON” button (upper right hand key). • Checking that the display screen shows “DEG” in the upper center of the screen and “0” at the right. If the calculator is in an alternate mode, press the “Mode” key and the “4”. This will shift the calculator to the appropriate mode. • Pressing the AC (Clear All) key. This will delete all previous information. • Pressing the number 8 and fill the entire display screen. This will ensure that the display is working appropriately and that all numbers will be displayed properly. • Checking for proper order of operations by completing a basic problem such as: 2 + (6-4) × (10 ÷ 2) = 12. Basic Key Functions of the Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator ON Power On AC Power On/All Clear C Clear 4 Backspace Key • Decimal Point 3 Digit or Number Key SHIFT Use in conjunction with another key to change function Basic Calculations + Addition − Subtraction x Multiplication ÷ Division = Equal Special Keys a b/c Fraction key +/- % Percent Key = SHIFT + = √ EXP Exponent X2 Square ((… Open Parentheses …)) Close Parentheses Π Sign Change Square Root = SHIFT + x2 Pi or 3.1415926536 = SHIFT + EXP Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–8 Using the Casio fx-260 Solar Basic Calculations GED Math problems can be divided into two types of calculations, basic and advanced. The following examples utilize basic calculations such as: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Use each of the following problems to help students become familiar with basic calculations. Always have students press the ON or AC buttons prior to starting calculations. Example 1: 12 – 3 + 8 = Before beginning, always press ON or AC Enter the following: 12 – 4 + 8 5 + 6 = (Correct answer is 16) Example 2: 4 × 5 + 6 – 2 = Enter the following: 4 × – 2 = (Correct answer is 24) Example 3: 4 × (6 + 2) – 10 ÷ 2 = Enter the following: 4 × ((… 6 + 2 …)) – 10 ÷ 2 = (Correct answer is 27) Example 4: -9 + 2 = Enter the following: 9 +/- + 2 = (Correct answer is –7) Advanced Calculations The second type of calculation used on the GED Mathematics Test is advanced calculation. Advanced calculations require the use of operations such as fractions, percentage, square, and square root. These calculations require the student move beyond the basic number or digit keys and simple operations. Fractions When students use the scientific calculator to solve problems dealing with fractions, they must learn how to use the fraction key. Fractions are entered in two ways: • Simple fractions such as ½ are entered as: • Mixed numbers such as 1 ½ are entered as: 1 a b/c 1 2 a b/c 1 a b/c 2 EXAMPLE 1: ¼ + ⅔ = Enter the following: 1 a b/c 4 + 2 a b/c 3 = (Correct answer is 11/12) EXAMPLE 2: 1 ¾ + 2 ⅓ = Enter the following: 1 a b/c 3 a b/c 4 + 2 a b/c 1 a b/c 3 = (Correct answer is 4 1/12) Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–9 Percents Students may use the scientific calculator to solve problems dealing with percents. The scientific calculator makes it easy for students to determine percentage increases and decreases. Example 1: 10% of 340 = Enter the following: 340 × 10 SHIFT = (Correct answer is 34%) Example 2: Add 30% to 2,700 Enter the following: 2700 × 30 SHIFT = + (Correct answer is 3510) Example 3: Decrease 2140 by 15% Enter the following: 2140 × 15 SHIFT = – (Correct answer is 1819) Squares The scientific calculator has a special key that enables the student to easily find the square of a given number. To find the square of 12: First enter the number 12 Next press the x2 The correct answer is 144. Square Roots key, the student must first use the SHIFT then press the x2 . To access the square root Example 1: 16 Enter the following: 16 SHIFT Example 2: 42 × (3 + 4) × Enter the following: 2 2 x x2 = (Correct answer is 4) 6 = × ((… 3 + 4 …)) × 6 SHIFT x2 = (Correct answer is 274.3428512) Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–10 Important Points to Remember! 1. The Casio fx-260 Solar Scientific calculator performs operations in the correct order. However, it is important to understand the basic principles involved, especially when you want to check your calculations using paper and pencil. The mnemonic expression “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally” is an excellent device to help you remember the correct order of operations. P – Parentheses and other grouping symbols, innermost first, E – Exponents and square roots, M, D – Multiplication and Division in order from left to right, then A, S – Addition and Subtraction, in order from left to right. 2. To be sure that you are starting clear for a new problem ALWAYS press the ON or AC keys prior to starting calculations. 3. To be sure that your answer showing on the screen is the final answer, ALWAYS press = key to end the calculation. 4. Use estimation to check answers for reasonableness. 5. Problems including fractions and decimals will always have a decimal answer. 6. To change a fractional answer into a decimal, after completing the calculation and pressing the = the 7. b /c key, press . The final answer will appear as a decimal. When evaluating fractions, placing separate parentheses around the numerator and the denominator will help keep the correct order of operation. 8. Unless it occurs in the first position, any grouping symbol must be preceded by an operational symbol. When no symbol is present, it is understood to be multiplication. 9. The most important thing that you can do as the GED student is to use plenty of practice time. Use the calculator to solve real-life problems. Extend activities beyond the classroom and use the Casio fx-260 Solar Scientific calculator at home or in the workplace. 10. Last, but certainly not least, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!! Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–11 Upside Down Calculator Procedures: 1. Perform each of the indicated computations on the calculator. 2. Turn the calculator upside down and read the word answer. 3. A clue is given for each problem. Calculation Numerical Answer Clue 0.140 A name of a state 15 + 2 + 150 + 95 + 55 His story was a 2101 × 9 × 2 An important book 2538.67 × 2 They said a lot of 501 ÷ 12500 After peeling onions you would (354 × 15) + 7 What you should never tell 141 ÷ 200 The baritone sang 48450 ÷ 6 A messy person 40 ÷ 99 What Santa Clause said 2 2 88 – 3 Opposite of buy (362536 + 61) ÷ 71 A girl’s name 463 × 79 – 1469 The capitol of Idaho 1911 × 3 Snake-like fish 15469 ÷ 20000 + 190 + 520 The name of an oil company 3 19 + 879 It rings 514 + 3237 A tropical 106 × 35 – 5 The bottom of a shoe 2 2 84 + 7 To make dirty 1377 × 4 Person in charge (29 × 16 – 1) × 8 This is a big 625 ÷ 5/23 + 2463 They sting (9 × 20) – 7 What Whitney was called 11 × 7 × 40 Musical instrument ½ × 500 × 140 + 7 Opposite of tight 625 × 2564 – 6382 Word Answer Have to be paid each month Follow-up—Make up some problems like this of your own. Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–13 Upside Down Calculator—Answer Key (Words) OHIO LIE BIBLE HELLOS BOOHOO LIES SOLO SLOB HOHOHOHOHO SELL LOIS BOISE EELS SHELLOIL BELL ISLE SOLE SOIL BOSS HOLE BEES ELI OBOE LOOSE BILLS Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–14 Calculator Tic – Tac – Toe Play calculator tic – tac – toe! Choose a partner to play against. The first player chooses a number from 1 to 25. The player completes the calculation. If the answer is one of the numbers in the square, the player marks that square with either an X or O. It then is the next player’s turn. If the answer is not in a square, the player loses that turn and it becomes the next player’s turn. Alternate until someone has tic – tac – toe! The game can be played repeatedly. 189 87.5 -3 25 10 12.5 -66 4 5/6 7/16 1. 10 (3 + 12) + 39= 2. 100 ÷ (12 – 8) + 62.5 = 3. 3½+4⅔–3⅓= 4. (3.59 + 4.2 + 7.9) ÷ 3 = 5. (2 ⅝ – 1 ⅜) × 4 + 20 = 6. (¾ + ⅛) ÷ 2 = 7. ½×⅞= 8. 4 is 16% of what number? 9. What is 125% of 70? 10. 10 is what percent of 80? 11. Subtract a 15% discount from $180 12. What is the increase from $147.50 to $162.25? 13. What is the decrease from 32 to 24? 14. 15 – (-35) = 15. (7)(3) + (-7) (-7) – 3 = 16. (-12) + (-31) + (-23) = 17. (-2) (6 ¼) (-7) = 18. 5x + 2 = -13, x = ? 19. 52 × 32 – (-62) = 20. 9= 21. 4 5/6 + (4 5/6 × 2) – (9 2/3) = 22. 7.52 + 100 – (-21.25) = 23. 33 + (-99) = 24. (–35 × 7) + 179 = 25. 2 × 1 1/5 + 4 × 2.5 – 2 2/5 = Appendix B4—The Casio fx-260 Solar Calculator Guide B–15

Download PDF

advertising