Delta | NANOTRACE DF-745 | Instruction manual | Delta NANOTRACE DF-745 Instruction manual

NanoTrace
Moisture Analyzer
DF-745
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Instruction Manual
Firmware Version 3.1.5
DELTA F CORPORATION
4 Constitution Way, Woburn, MA 01801-1087
Telephone: (781) 935-4600 FAX: (781) 938-0531
P/N 99000041
082510
The Delta F Difference
Your NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer has been designed, manufactured and is
supported under the tightest of controls, thus helping to insure the highest
possible standards of quality.
Every analyzer that Delta F manufactures is tested and operated on a variety of
gas concentrations to insure that it functions properly when you receive it.
The certificate of calibration assures your analyzer has been calibrated on gases
that are traceable to NIST standards. With proper maintenance, your analyzer
should remain calibrated for years.
For a fast and successful startup, please read this manual carefully. There are
important cautions and a number of helpful hints to help you to optimize the
operation of your analyzer.
If you have questions, please do not hesitate to call the Delta F Service Line at
(781) 935-5808, use our Service FAX Line at (781) 932-0053 or e-mail us at
Service@Delta-F.com.
Copyright 2004 - 2010 by Delta F Corporation
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in
any form, or by any means including electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise without prior written permission of Delta F Corporation.
NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer is a trademark of Delta F Corporation. VCR is a
registered trademark of the Cajon Company.
Read Me First…
Unpacking Procedure
Follow the procedure below to unpack your NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer
1. Examine the condition of the packaging and its contents. If any damage is
apparent, immediately notify the carrier and Delta F. Do not proceed with
the installation.
2. Check the contents against the packing slip to make sure the shipment is
complete. Unattached equipment may be shipped with the analyzer in
supplemental packaging. Shortages should be reported to Delta F
immediately.
3. All NanoTrace Moisture Analyzers are shipped with the following:
Item
Delta F Part
Number
Power cord with 115 VAC connector
P/N 59017237
NOTE: No power cord is supplied with 220 VAC units
USB Memory Stick, Flash Drive (SONY USM512J)
P/N 49600512
VCR Filter Gasket
P/N 60300268
Aspirator
P/N 14241410
Instruction Manual
P/N 99000041
4. Open the analyzer door, remove any shipping materials and verify that
nothing has come loose during transit.
5. The analyzer is set at the factory to operate on 120 VAC or 240 VAC.
Examine the voltage indicator on the rear panel to verify that the voltage is
set as ordered.
6. Save the original container in the event you may need to ship the analyzer
to another location or back to the factory (see Shipping in the Service
section).
Installation and Maintenance
The NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer provides years of accurate and dependable
service if it is set up, operated and maintained properly. It is essential to make
a careful and complete installation as outlined in the Installation and Start Up
section of this manual. It is assumed that NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer users
are familiar with the techniques and precautions associated with Ultra-High
Purity (UHP) gas, its plumbing, and devices such as UHP regulators and gas
purifiers, and that the analyzer is used as designed and intended.
Unlike much UHP analytical equipment, NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer does
not require constant maintenance. However the maintenance intervals for zero
and span calibrations, must be determined and followed carefully.
Thank You
Thank you for selecting the NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer. Delta F designs,
manufactures, exhaustively tests, and supports every analyzer under the
tightest quality controls. You should expect every Delta F analyzer to arrive in
perfect working order and, with good maintenance, provide years of troublefree service. Please call the Service Phone Line at (781) 935-5808 if you need
assistance or if you have suggestions, or use our Service Fax Line at (781)
932-0053 or e-mail us at Service@Delta-F.com.
1 Table of Contents
1
Table of Contents .................................................................... 1
1.1
2
Table of Figures...................................................................................................... 3
Cautions.................................................................................... 7
2.1
2.2
3
Symbols and Explanations...................................................................................... 7
Important Warnings ............................................................................................... 7
Specifications .......................................................................... 9
3.1
3.2
4
Moisture ................................................................................................................. 9
General................................................................................................................... 9
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down ................................... 13
4.1
4.2
4.3
5
Analyzer Installation ............................................................................................ 14
4.1.1 Vacuum Source ....................................................................................... 14
4.1.2 Pneumatic Pressure Line Connection - Optional ...................................... 15
4.1.3 Sample Gas Connections ......................................................................... 15
4.1.4 Electrical Connections ............................................................................. 17
4.1.5 Hydrogen Service Safety System .............................................................. 17
Analyzer Start Up................................................................................................. 19
4.2.1 Gas Delivery System................................................................................ 19
4.2.2 Gas Pressure and Flow Settings ............................................................... 20
4.2.3 Download System Data............................................................................ 21
Analyzer Shut Down ............................................................................................ 21
Options ................................................................................... 25
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
6
Key Lock .............................................................................................................. 25
Operating Voltage ................................................................................................ 25
Serial Communications......................................................................................... 25
Analog Voltage Output......................................................................................... 25
Hydrogen Service Safety System ........................................................................... 25
Vacuum Pump...................................................................................................... 25
5.6.1 Installation of the Vacuum Pump............................................................. 26
5.6.2 Moisture Sample Gas Outlet Connection to Vacuum Pump...................... 28
5.6.3 Electrical Connections ............................................................................. 28
Connecting to External Devices ........................................... 31
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
7
Serial Communication Port – J5 ........................................................................... 31
Analog Signal Outputs – J4 .................................................................................. 32
4-20 mA Outputs – J4........................................................................................... 32
Relay Ports – J8, J9............................................................................................... 33
User Interface ......................................................................... 35
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Data Display Screen ............................................................................................. 35
Keypad ................................................................................................................. 35
Menu Structure..................................................................................................... 36
Main Menu........................................................................................................... 36
7.4.1 Isolate Analyzer – Optional ..................................................................... 37
7.4.2 Restore Sample Gas Flow – Optional ....................................................... 38
Table of Contents
DF-745
1
7.4.3
7.4.4
7.4.5
7.4.6
7.4.7
7.4.8
7.4.9
7.4.10
7.4.11
7.4.12
7.4.13
7.4.14
7.4.15
7.4.16
8
Calibrate Menu........................................................................................ 38
Data History Routine ............................................................................... 42
Data Downloader Routine........................................................................ 44
View Logs Menu ..................................................................................... 46
Analyzer Setup ........................................................................................ 49
Analog Output Setup ............................................................................... 55
Graph Setup ............................................................................................ 56
Diagnostics Menu ................................................................................ 56
Adjust Contrast.................................................................................... 62
Power Up Default – Optional ............................................................... 63
Date/Time............................................................................................ 64
Communications.................................................................................. 65
Download System Data ........................................................................ 65
System Info.......................................................................................... 67
Sample Gas Preparation and Delivery................................. 69
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
9
Introduction.......................................................................................................... 69
Sample Flow Rate and Pressure ............................................................................ 69
Flow Rate Effects on Sensor Performance............................................................. 69
Sample Gas Scale Factor ...................................................................................... 69
8.4.1 Background Gas Effects on Indicated Flow Rate ...................................... 69
Flammable Sample Gas ........................................................................................ 70
Service.................................................................................... 71
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
10
10.1
11
11.1
Return Material Authorization number ................................................................. 71
Maintenance......................................................................................................... 71
9.2.1 Storage Conditions .................................................................................. 71
9.2.2 Moisture Cell Maintenance...................................................................... 71
9.2.3 Vacuum Pump Maintenance .................................................................... 71
Replaceable Parts List........................................................................................... 73
Troubleshooting the DF–745 NanoTrace Analyzer ............................................... 75
Theory of Operation .............................................................. 77
The Moisture Measurement................................................................................. 77
10.1.1
Moisture and the IR Spectrum.............................................................. 77
10.1.2
Absorption Spectroscopy...................................................................... 78
Safety...................................................................................... 79
General Warnings............................................................................................... 79
12
Warranty ................................................................................. 81
13
Index ....................................................................................... 83
14
Appendix A – User Menu Screens........................................ 85
15
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System................. 89
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
2
Instrument .......................................................................................................... 89
Vacuum Pump .................................................................................................... 89
Installation.......................................................................................................... 89
Operation............................................................................................................ 90
DF-745
Table of Contents
1.1 Table of Figures
Figure 1: Overall View.............................................................................................................................. 11
Figure 2: Major Internal Components........................................................................................................ 13
Figure 3: Aspirator Installation ................................................................................................................. 14
Figure 4: Rear Gas Connections ................................................................................................................ 16
Figure 5: Rear Gas Connections and Controls with Optional Gas Panel..................................................... 16
Figure 6: AC Power Connections .............................................................................................................. 17
Figure 7: AC Power Connections with Optional Gas Panel........................................................................ 18
Figure 8: Data Display Screen ................................................................................................................... 19
Figure 9: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path and Aspriator ......................................................................... 22
Figure 10: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path with Optional Valves and Aspirator...................................... 23
Figure 11: Vacuum Pump Assembly.......................................................................................................... 26
Figure 12: Vacuum Pump Mount Dimensions ........................................................................................... 27
Figure 13: Vacuum Pump Dimensions ...................................................................................................... 27
Figure 14: Vacuum Pump Power Connections and Controls ...................................................................... 28
Figure 15: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path and Optional Vacuum Pump................................................. 29
Figure 16: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path with Optional Valves and Vacuum Pump ............................. 29
Figure 17: Rear Panel Electrical Connectors.............................................................................................. 31
Figure 18: Data Display Screen ................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 19: Keypad..................................................................................................................................... 36
Figure 20: Main Menu .............................................................................................................................. 36
Figure 21: Main Menu (without valve option) ........................................................................................... 37
Figure 22: Isolate Analyzer ....................................................................................................................... 37
Figure 23: Isolate Warning........................................................................................................................ 38
Figure 24: Restore Sample Gas Flow......................................................................................................... 38
Figure 25: Calibrate Menu ........................................................................................................................ 39
Figure 26: Check/Adjust Zero Menu.......................................................................................................... 39
Figure 27: Check/Adjust Zero Screen ........................................................................................................ 40
Figure 28: User Zero Offset ....................................................................................................................... 40
Figure 29: Manual Zero Screen ................................................................................................................. 41
Figure 30: Data History Menu ................................................................................................................... 42
Figure 31: Data History Screen.................................................................................................................. 43
Figure 32: Install Media ............................................................................................................................ 43
Figure 33: Example of Data Download...................................................................................................... 43
Figure 34: Data Downloader Menu............................................................................................................ 44
Figure 35: Data Downloader Screen .......................................................................................................... 44
Figure 36: View Location Screen............................................................................................................... 45
Figure 37: Keyboard Display..................................................................................................................... 45
Figure 38: Delete Selection........................................................................................................................ 46
Figure 39: View Zero Log Menu ............................................................................................................... 46
Figure 40: Zero Log Screen ....................................................................................................................... 47
Figure 41: View System Error Code Log Menu ......................................................................................... 47
Figure 42: System Error Code Screen ........................................................................................................ 48
Figure 43: Pump Capacity Test Log Menu................................................................................................. 48
Figure 44: Pump Capacity Test Log........................................................................................................... 49
Figure 45: Sample GSF Menu ................................................................................................................... 49
Figure 46: Sample GSF Setup Screen ........................................................................................................ 50
Figure 47: GSF Pressure Setting................................................................................................................ 50
Figure 48: Fan Failure Alarm.................................................................................................................... 50
Table of Contents
DF-745
3
Figure 49: Alarm Setup Menu................................................................................................................... 51
Figure 50: Alarm Setup Screen ................................................................................................................. 52
Figure 51: Temperature Alarm Setup ........................................................................................................ 53
Figure 52: Pressure Alarm Setup............................................................................................................... 53
Figure 53: System Alarm Setup................................................................................................................. 54
Figure 54: Analog Output Setup Menu...................................................................................................... 55
Figure 55: Analog Output Setup Screen .................................................................................................... 55
Figure 56: Graph Setup Menu ................................................................................................................... 56
Figure 57: Graph Setup Screen.................................................................................................................. 56
Figure 58: Active Zero On/Off Menu ........................................................................................................ 57
Figure 59: Test Relays Menu..................................................................................................................... 58
Figure 60: Test Alarm Relays Screen ........................................................................................................ 58
Figure 61: Test Analog Outputs Menu....................................................................................................... 59
Figure 62: Test Analog Voltage Output Screen.......................................................................................... 59
Figure 63: Signal Monitor Menu ............................................................................................................... 60
Figure 64: Signal Monitor Screen.............................................................................................................. 60
Figure 65: Pump Capacity Test Menu........................................................................................................ 61
Figure 66: Pump Capacity Test Screen ...................................................................................................... 61
Figure 67: Pump Pressure Failure.............................................................................................................. 61
Figure 68: Pump Capacity Test Log .......................................................................................................... 62
Figure 69: Adjust Contrast Menu .............................................................................................................. 62
Figure 70: Adjust Display Contrast Screen ................................................................................................ 62
Figure 71: Power Up Default Menu ........................................................................................................... 63
Figure 72: Power Up Default Screen.......................................................................................................... 63
Figure 73: Date/Time Menu ...................................................................................................................... 64
Figure 74: Date/Time Setup Screen ........................................................................................................... 64
Figure 75: Communications Menu ............................................................................................................ 65
Figure 76: Communications Setup Screen ................................................................................................. 65
Figure 77: Download System Data Menu .................................................................................................. 66
Figure 78: Insert Media............................................................................................................................. 66
Figure 79: Media Warning ........................................................................................................................ 66
Figure 80: Download Time Line................................................................................................................ 67
Figure 81: System Info Menu .................................................................................................................... 67
Figure 82: System Info Screen................................................................................................................... 68
Figure 83: Software Upgrade Screen ......................................................................................................... 68
Figure 84: Schematic of Moisture Cell ...................................................................................................... 77
Figure 85: Hydrogen Service Safety System............................................................................................... 93
Figure 86: Pump Purge Option .................................................................................................................. 94
4
DF-745
Table of Contents
Table of Tables
Table 1: Recommended Sample Outlet Vacuum Pressure .......................................................................... 21
Table 2: Pin-out of Serial Comm Connector J5.......................................................................................... 32
Table 3: Serial Communications Connections ........................................................................................... 32
Table 4: Pin-Out of Moisture Signal Output Connector J4 ......................................................................... 32
Table 5: Pin-Out of Relay Connectors J8 and J9 ........................................................................................ 33
Table 6: Alarm Codes ............................................................................................................................... 51
Table 7: Sample Outlet Pressure................................................................................................................ 69
Table 8: Replaceable Parts List.................................................................................................................. 73
Table of Contents
DF-745
5
2 Cautions
There are a number of warnings and cautions that must be observed to avoid damage to the
analyzer as well to insure the safety of its users. The analyzer must be operated in a manner
specified in this manual. Delta F cannot be responsible for direct or consequential damages
that result from installing or operating the analyzer in a manner not described in this manual.
Importantly, the analyzer has been designed for use with inert, non-toxic, non-combustible
sample gases only. Delta F cannot be responsible for direct or consequential damages that
result from using the analyzer with these gases.
2.1 Symbols and Explanations
Following is a list of the various symbols used throughout this manual and their definitions.
CAUTION
This symbol alerts the user to the presence of physically hazardous
conditions that may be dangerous to individuals or equipment.
NOTE
This symbol alerts the user to the presence of important operations
and/or maintenance information.
2.2 Important Warnings
CAUTION
Potentially hazardous AC voltages are present
within this instrument. Leave all servicing to
qualified personnel. Disconnect the AC power
source when installing or removing: external
connections, the sensor, or the electronics.
Cautions
DF-745
7
CAUTION
Do not setup or operate this analyzer without a
complete understanding of the instructions in this
manual. Do not connect this Analyzer to a power
source until all signal and plumbing connections
are made.
CAUTION
This analyzer must be operated in a manner consistent with its
intended use and as specified in this manual.
EMI DISCLAIMER
This Analyzer generates and uses small amounts of radio frequency
energy. There is no guarantee that interference to radio or
television signals will not occur in a particular installation. If
interference is experienced, turn-off the analyzer. If the
interference disappears, try one or more of the following methods
to correct the problem:
8

Reorient the receiving antenna.

Move the instrument with respect to the receiver.

Place the analyzer and receiver on different AC circuits.
DF-745
Cautions
3 Specifications
3.1 Moisture
Lowest Detection Level (LDL): 2 ppb @ Constant Conditions
Resolution: Analytical (Smallest Detectable Change): .5 ppb
Display: 100 ppt
Accuracy: Greater of ±3% of reading or ±1 ppb @ Constant Conditions
Speed of Response: Typically 10 minutes to reach 90 percent of an upward step change
Upset Recovery Time: Typically less than 5 minutes from a high ppb upset to within 10
ppb of the previously stable reading.
Range: 0-20 ppm
Background Gas Compatibility: All inert and passive gases including N2, H2, He, Ar
and O2
3.2 General
Warranty: One year from ship date on the entire instrument. See Warranty section on
page 81.
Power Requirements: 100 to 120 VAC, 50/60 Hz, standard, 5 Amps
200 to 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz (optional), 2.5 Amps
Display: 7.4 inch VGA Color (640X480)
Ambient Operating Temperature: 10° C to 40° C (50° F to 105° F)
Output Signals:
Analog Output: User Scalable:
0-2 ppb to 0-20 ppm Moisture
0-1, 0-2, 0-5, or 0-10 VDC (minimum load resistance 1K)
Isolated 4-20 mADC, 1K ohm loop resistance max (28V Compliance voltage provided)
Digital Communications: Two-way RS-232 or RS-485 set at the time of order
Operating Inlet Pressure: 5 to 30 psig (0.3 to 2 bar)
Flow Rate: 0.5 – 4.0 slpm N2
Sample Temperature: 10° C to 80°C (50° F to 176° F)
EMI Sensitivity: Tested to standards EN61000-3-3 and EN61326-1
Specifications
DF-745
9
Audible/Visual Alarm Status Indicators: Four Moisture levels, Temperature,
Moisture cell Diagnostic, Zero Verification or Calibration in Process, Moisture Analyzer
off-line, Analog output freeze during calibration.
Alarm Relays: Four non-latching, independently assignable to moisture alarms or to
moisture calibration-in-process indicator. SPDT contacts rated at 1 Amp @ 30 VDC. Fail
safe action upon loss of power to alarm condition. Not designed to switch AC power.
Storage Temperature: Not to exceed 50° C (122° F)
Construction: NEMA 1, 19 inch rack mount
Dimensions: 19 inch (48.3cm) wide x 10.5 inch (26.7 cm) high x 22.5 inch (57.2 cm)
deep
Weight: 70 pounds (31.8 kg)
Gas Path Construction Materials:
300 series stainless steel electro-polished
1/4-inch VCR-type compatible sample inlet fitting
1/8-inch compression sample outlet fitting
1/4-inch compression vacuum fitting
Kel-f valve seats
PTFE Vacuum tubing
10
DF-745
Specifications
Figure 1: Overall View
Specifications
DF-745
11
6.94 [176.28]
2
1
RLY1-COM
KEY
KEY
KEY
7
6
5
RX-
~
~
7.71 [195.77]
1
2
NOT USED
17.08 [433.71]
16.58 [421.01]
16.33 [414.78]
9.45 [239.90]
~
~
~
4-20mA-
3
1
RX+
4
5
6
7
8
3
2
TX+
4-20mA+
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
4
AOUT-
AOUT+
GND
8
TX-
RLY3-COM
KEY
GND
RLY3-NC
4
3
RLY3-NO
RLY4-COM
5
RLY1-NC
RLY1-NO
23.93 [607.70]
22.38 [568.45]
(19.00 [482.60])
6
~
RLY4-NC
7
RLY2-COM
RLY4-NO
GND
8
RLY2-NC
RLY2-NO
GND
1.55 [39.25]
1.49 [37.72]
7.50 [190.50]
3.63 [92.08]
2.54 [64.44]
.34 [8.74]
ESC
Menu
18.31 [465.12]
Next
19.00 [482.60]
Enter
10.47 [265.94]
4 Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
Installation of the analyzer requires the following steps be followed:

Connecting the N2/Air supply to the aspirator

Connecting an exhaust tube to the aspirator outlet, if needed

Connecting the pneumatic pressure service to the pneumatic inlet fitting

Connecting the sample gas line to the analyzer inlet fitting

Making the power connection to the analyzer
POWER SWITCH
USB PORT
H2O SENSOR
Figure 2: Major Internal Components
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
DF-745
13
4.1 Analyzer Installation
4.1.1 Vacuum Source
4.1.1.1 Aspirator
The standard vacuum source provided with the DF-745 analyzer is a factory installed
aspirator as shown in Figure 3. Aspirator installation with the optional gas panel is identical.
SAMPLE VENT
80 psi IN
ASPIRATOR
Figure 3: Aspirator Installation
A regulated source of dry compressed gas (either N2 or air) is required at 80psi and a flow
rate of approximately 15 slpm. Connection is made to the aspirator by way of a ¼ inch
compression fitting labeled “80 psi IN”. It is very important to note that the diameter of the
gas supply line must be a minimum of ¼ inch to provide sufficient flow. If operation in
Helium background is anticipated, a shut off valve should be installed at the inlet to the
aspirator.
For ease of installation, the aspirator source can also supply the pneumatic gas inlet by way
of a 1/8 inch adapter.
The gas at the sample vent port is comprised of the analyzer sample gas and the compressed
gas, and any noise can be mitigated by simply installing a ¼ inch tube of approximately 3 ft
in length. Backpressure should be minimized at this port (max 2.0 psi) and if the exhaust
must be vented for safety reasons it must be done to a header of greater diameter.
The aspirator needle valve should be opened (CCW) completely.
14
DF-745
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
Be sure to use a backup wrench when making all connections to the
aspirator.
4.1.1.2 Vacuum Pump
An optional vacuum pump can be purchased for those cases where there is insufficient gas
pressure or flow to operate the aspirator, or when the analyzer is installed in a portable cart
and connection to a continuous gas supply is inconvenient. See page 25 for information on
the installation of the optional vacuum pump.
4.1.2 Pneumatic Pressure Line Connection - Optional
The pneumatic gas connection (required for the optional gas panel) is a 1/8 inch
compression fitting as shown in Figure 5 and requires 70 – 125 psig air or N2 pressure. For
ease of installation, the pneumatic feed line can be connected directly to the ¼ inch aspirator
source by way of a 1/8 inch adapter.
4.1.3 Sample Gas Connections
4.1.3.1 Sample Gas Inlet Connection
Sample gas is connected to the analyzer via a ¼ inch male swivel VCR fitting labeled
Process Inlet at the rear of the instrument as shown in Figure 4. Sample pressure of 30 –
150 psig is required and is regulated internally.
Pre-purge the line by connecting to the analyzer (with a new VCR filter gasket) only finger
tight and flowing gas for 15 minutes. Then tighten the inlet fitting.
NOTE: A VCR filter gasket (supplied) should always be used to protect the gas delivery
system from any particulate matter that may have collected in the line.
When power is applied to the analyzer, the internal gas control valves will automatically go
to a state as determined by the user. See the section on Power Up Defaults on page 63 for
additional information.
NOTE: When received from the factory, if equipped with internal gas valves, the moisture
cell will be isolated with pressure in the system. See the sections on Moisture Gas Valves
Control on pages 38 for instructions on starting the gas flow through either sensor.
See Figure 9 for an overview of the gas flow through the analyzer.
See the section on Gas Pressure and Flow Settings on page 20 for important information on
plumbing and powering up the analyzer.
4.1.3.2 Sample Gas Outlet Connection
The sample gas outlet connection is a ¼ inch compression fitting labeled Moisture Sensor
Outlet as shown in Figure 4. A ¼ inch stainless tube is connected from the analyzer sample
outlet to the Aspirator assembly. See Figure 3. Open the needle control valve (CCW) on
the top of the aspirator assembly completely. NOTE: If the Hydrogen Service Safety
System is included, the sample outlet line must be made of steel. See page 89 for additional
information.
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
DF-745
15
See page 25 for information on the installation of the optional vacuum pump.
GND
8
GND
8
RLY2-NC
7
RLY4-NC
7
RLY2-NO
6
RLY4-NO
6
RLY2-COM
5
RLY4-COM
5
RLY1-NC
4
RLY3-NC
4
RLY1-NO
3
RLY3-NO
3
RLY1-COM
2
KEY
2
KEY
1
RLY3-COM
1
GND
8
GND
8
TX-
7
KEY
7
KEY
6
AOUT+
6
RX-
5
AOUT-
5
4
NOT USED
4
3
3
TX+
2
4-20mA+
2
RX+
1
4-20mA-
1
~
~
~
~
~
~
PROCESS INLET
PROCESS OUTLET
Figure 4: Rear Gas Connections
REGULATOR ADJUST
PNEUMATIC GAS INLET
GND
8
GND
8
RLY2-NC
7
RLY4-NC
7
RLY2-NO
6
RLY4-NO
6
RLY2-COM
5
RLY4-COM
5
RLY1-NC
4
RLY3-NC
4
RLY1-NO
3
RLY3-NO
3
RLY1-COM
2
KEY
2
KEY
1
RLY3-COM
1
GND
8
GND
8
TX-
7
KEY
7
KEY
6
AOUT+
6
RX-
5
AOUT-
5
4
NOT USED
4
3
3
TX+
2
4-20mA+
2
RX+
1
4-20mA-
1
~
~
~
~
BYPASS FLOW ADJUST
~
~
PROCESS INLET
PROCESS OUTLET
BYPASS OUTLET
Figure 5: Rear Gas Connections and Controls with Optional Gas Panel
16
DF-745
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
4.1.4 Electrical Connections
Open the door and locate the power switch in the center of the upper rail. Be sure it is in
the OFF position. Plug the line cord (supplied with 110VAC units only) into the receptacle
at the back of the analyzer. Verify the operating voltage is proper according to the label on
the rear and connect the line cord to the power source. See Figure 6 and Figure 7.
4.1.5 Hydrogen Service Safety System
This optional system is designed to safeguard the DF-745 from explosion hazards when
operating on hydrogen sample gas under normal pressure and flow conditions as detailed in
the Operating Instruction Manual. The instrument chassis and the remote pump, if
equipped, are both protected by maintaining a safe condition within their respective
enclosures. If installed, this option impacts the electrical wiring, gas plumbing and operation
of the analyzer. See page 89 for additional installation and operation information.
NOTE, if equipped with the Hydrogen Safety Service System, when shipped from the
factory the analyzer will be configured through the GSF screen to measure hydrogen. As a
result, the Hydrogen Safety Service System will be enabled out of the box.
GND
8
GND
8
RLY2-NC
7
RLY4-NC
7
RLY2-NO
6
RLY4-NO
6
RLY2-COM
5
RLY4-COM
5
RLY1-NC
4
RLY3-NC
4
RLY1-NO
3
RLY3-NO
3
RLY1-COM
2
KEY
2
KEY
1
RLY3-COM
1
GND
8
GND
8
TX-
7
KEY
7
KEY
6
AOUT+
6
RX-
5
AOUT-
5
4
NOT USED
4
3
3
TX+
2
4-20mA+
2
RX+
1
4-20mA-
1
~
~
~
~
STANDARD GAS PANEL SHOWN
~
~
AC INLET
Figure 6: AC Power Connections
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
DF-745
17
GND
8
GND
8
RLY2-NC
7
RLY4-NC
7
RLY2-NO
6
RLY4-NO
6
RLY2-COM
5
RLY4-COM
5
RLY1-NC
4
RLY3-NC
4
RLY1-NO
3
RLY3-NO
3
RLY1-COM
2
KEY
2
KEY
1
RLY3-COM
1
GND
8
GND
8
TX-
7
KEY
7
KEY
6
AOUT+
6
RX-
5
AOUT-
5
4
NOT USED
4
3
3
TX+
2
4-20mA+
2
RX+
1
4-20mA-
1
~
~
~
~
ISOLATION GAS PANEL SHOWN
~
~
AC INLET
Figure 7: AC Power Connections with Optional Gas Panel
18
DF-745
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
4.2 Analyzer Start Up
It is important to note that, if equipped with automatic gas valves, the moisture cell is
isolated from gas flow while the analyzer is off power.
Open the door and turn on the power using the main power switch inside the analyzer. See
Figure 2. The pump, if equipped, should turn on (see page 17) and the analyzer will
undergo a series of Diagnostic Procedures while the various startup screens are displayed.
Next, the Delta F Corporation logo is briefly displayed and then the data display appears
with the “Warming Up” screen flashing. The warm up process takes approximately six to
ninety minutes after which the display will look similar to Figure 8 (values shown are only
representative).
During the Warm Up process the gas valves (if equipped) can be opened and gas flow
started. See the section on Gas Pressure and Flow Settings on page 20 for important
information on the gas delivery system and setting proper pressures and flow rates.
NOTE
During the warm up period all analog and digital outputs are held to an
artificial 0.011ppb reading to avoid the reporting of false readings.
Figure 8: Data Display Screen
4.2.1 Gas Delivery System
The gas delivery system as shown in Figure 9 is designed to deliver a gas flow rate of 2
liters per minute to the moisture cell while maintaining the highest standards of gas purity
and delivery for ultra-trace analysis. Features include a single inlet line and flow meter for
the gas sample, and optional bypass loop to maintain constant purging, and essentially deadleg free delivery.
The connections at the rear of the gas delivery system include a ¼” VCR swivel connection
for the process inlet, a ¼” compression outlet for the moisture cell, an optional pneumatic
gas connection (1/8” compression), and an optional ¼” compression outlet for the bypass
loop. Also on the rear of the gas delivery system, if equipped, are a sample gas regulator to
adjust the internal sample pressure and a bypass flow meter.
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
DF-745
19
The moisture cell outlet will be connected to the supplied aspirator or, if equipped, to the
vacuum pump.
The sample inlet to the moisture analyzer, as well as the zero gas inlet, are heated to 60 C.
This is done to mitigate any effects of adsorption-desorption of trace moisture on the walls
of the tubing.
4.2.2 Gas Pressure and Flow Settings
Attention to the setting of gas pressure and flow is critical to proper operation of the
analyzer. If all steps are followed carefully at the time of start up, subsequent changes to
flow or background gas will be made easier. The following procedure assumes all electrical
and plumbing connections have been made according to instructions in this manual. In
addition, this procedure assumes a Nitrogen gas background unless otherwise noted.
1. Power up the unit. See page 19. If the unit is equipped with a Hydrogen Safety
System, no flow will enter the system until the unit is on power.
2. Ensure that the needle valve on the aspirator is fully open.
3. For a basic analyzer with no cell isolation valves installed,
a. simply provide sufficient pressure (5-30 psi), resulting in a flow of 1 slpm (2
scfh) as indicated on the flow meter located behind the front door. NOTE:
The flow rate will directly impact the overall system speed of response.
b. Turn on the vacuum source (aspirator) by applying gas to the high pressure
inlet. See Figure 3. (Except when measuring in Helium background which is
not run under vacuum but at ambient) NOTE: Once the vacuum source is
connected and running, proper flow is indicated by a full scale reading on the
flowmeter.
c. Go to step 5.
4. For analyzers equipped with optional cell isolation valves:
a. Completely open (turn fully clockwise) the inlet regulator on the rear of the
analyzer. For operation in Nitrogen, Argon and Oxygen the regulator is
closed (turned counter clockwise) to the approximate middle, or 50% of its
range. For operation in Helium and Hydrogen it should be closed to 80-90%
of its range resulting in a flow of 1 slpm (2 scfh) as indicated on the flow
meter located behind the front door. NOTE: The flow rate will directly
impact the overall system speed of response.
b. Open the flowmeter bypass valve on the rear of the analyzer and flow in the
bypass loop will be indicated on the flowmeter. Adjust the flowmeter bypass
valve to 0.5 slpm. See Figure 5.
c. Purge for 15 minutes before opening gas valves to the moisture cell.
d. The state of the gas control valves is indicated on the main display. The
default state of a factory-shipped instrument is isolation. This can be
adjusted in the Power Up Default section. If the moisture cell is isolated,
establish process flow via the Main menu. See page 38.
20
DF-745
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
e. Use the regulator to adjust the flow through the cell to 1 slpm (2 scfh) as
shown on the flowmeter behind the front door. NOTE: This flow rate may
be reduced to minimize gas consumption but the flow rate will directly
impact the overall system speed of response.
f. Confirm that the needle valve on the vacuum source (aspirator) is fully open
(CCW).
g. Turn on the vacuum source (aspirator) by applying gas to the high pressure
inlet. See Figure 3. (Except when measuring in Helium background which is
not run under vacuum but at ambient)
5. At this point, some adjustment of the aspirator needle valve may be necessary to
achieve the necessary operating cell pressures for each gas (except Helium where
there is no vacuum operation). The proper pressure ranges listed in Table 1 will
automatically appear on the display when the GSF is selected.
Background Gas
Pressure
Vacuum Source
N2
150 - 250 Torr
ON
Ar
280 - 380 Torr
ON
He
740 - 780 Torr
OFF*
H2
300 - 400 Torr
ON
O2
300 - 400 Torr
ON
*A shut off valve must be installed at the inlet to the aspirator to disable the vacuum.
Table 1: Recommended Sample Outlet Vacuum Pressure
4.2.3 Download System Data
The final step of the installation, after a couple days of dry down, should be to download
the system data (see page 65), and send them by e-mail to service@delta-f.com for review.
This will allow the factory to confirm that the analyzer is working properly by comparison
with data stored at the time of shipment, and in addition will set a baseline for comparison
with future downloads, if any.
4.3 Analyzer Shut Down
In order to minimize the time required for the analyzer to re-achieve a zero baseline on start
up, the following steps should be followed when shutting the analyzer down.
Short Term Shut Down - A short-term shut down, for example to move and restart the
analyzer, can be accomplished by simply shutting off the power switch behind the front
door. This action initiates the standard isolation process (for analyzers equipped with gas
control valves) and computer shut down which takes approximately 40 seconds.
Long Term Shut Down – For analyzers with gas control valves, from the Main Menu go
to System, and select Isolate Analyzer. A routine automatically starts that closes the
downstream valve and allows pressure to build in the moisture cell after which an upstream
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
DF-745
21
valve closes as well. Throughout this process a message appears over the display instructing
the user to wait 40 seconds. Once complete, the message disappears and the user may shut
the power off with the switch behind the front door that initiates the computer shut down
sequence that takes an additional 40 seconds.
Additional long-term isolation security can be achieved by closing the valve on the
rotameter on the rear of the instrument as well as completely closing the sample inlet
regulator.
If the analyzer is being disconnected from gas, be sure to tightly cap all gas connections.
On analyzers that have no gas control valves:
1. Remove the vacuum source.
2. Wait a few minutes to allow positive pressure to build in the moisture cell and
monitor the pressure on the Main Display.
3. Be sure to tightly cap all connections.
NOTE: See the section on Power up Default on page 63 for setting user selectable
preferences at the time of power up.
Loss of power will result in automatic valve closure and the following restoration of power
will result in the “Scan Disk” function occurring before system start-up.
FLOW METER
(FRONT)
H2O
MOISTURE SENSOR OUTLET
REAR PANEL
ASPIRATOR WITH BUILT
IN VACUUM CONTROL
NEEDLE VALVE
MOISTURE
SAMPLE VENT
PI
80 psi IN
TO CREATE VACUUM
.010 ORIFICE
PROCESS INLET
Figure 9: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path and Aspriator
22
DF-745
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
FLOW METER
(FRONT)
V1
H 2O
MOISTURE SENSOR OUTLET
ASPIRATOR WITH BUILT
IN VACUUM CONTROL
NEEDLE VALVE
PI
MOISTURE
SAMPLE VENT
REAR PANEL
80 psi IN
TO CREATE VACUUM
V2
.010 ORIFICE
REGULATOR
ADJUSTMENT
PROCESS INLET
FLOWSWITCH
BYPASS FLOWMETER
(REAR)
BYPASS FLOW ADJUST
BYPASS OUTLET
Figure 10: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path with Optional Valves and Aspirator
Installation, Start Up and Shut Down
DF-745
23
5 Options
The following options to the DF-745 are available at the time of order.
5.1 Key Lock
An optional key lock can be installed in the door of the analyzer to prevent access to the
power switch and other internal components. The lock is supplied with two keys.
If the analyzer is operating, the key lock does not prevent adjustments from the front panel.
5.2 Operating Voltage
The analyzer can be wired for operation at either 100-120 Volts AC or 200-240 Volts AC.
The operating voltage is not adjustable in the field.
5.3 Serial Communications
The analyzer can be set for communications by RS-232 or RS-485.
The serial communications option is not adjustable in the field.
See page 31, 65 and 67 for additional information.
5.4 Analog Voltage Output
The maximum analog voltage output can be set at the factory for 0-1, 0-2, 0-5 or 0-10
Volts DC.
The maximum analog voltage output is not adjustable in the field.
See page 32 and 55 for additional information.
5.5 Hydrogen Service Safety System
This option enables the analyzer to be safely used in a hydrogen background application.
See page 89 for additional information.
5.6 Vacuum Pump
An optional pump can be purchased to replace the aspirator in cases where there is
insufficient gas flow for the aspirator or when the analyzer is installed in a portable cart and
connection to an air supply is inconvenient.
NOTE: If a pump is being retrofitted to an analyzer configured with an aspirator, then the
aspirator assembly must be removed completely to uncover the pump power connector and
Options
DF-745
25
breaker switch. The pump connection should be made directly to the Moisture Sample
Outlet as described in section 5.6.2.
TO MOISTURE
SENSOR OUTLET
PLASTIC TUBING
SUPPLIED
POWER CORD
TO VACUUM PUMP
POWER CONNECTOR
Figure 11: Vacuum Pump Assembly
5.6.1 Installation of the Vacuum Pump

Mount the vacuum pump to the bracket

Connect the line from the moisture sample outlet to the needle control valve and
vacuum pump

Make the electrical power connection to the vacuum pump
5.6.1.1 Vacuum Pump Mounting
Mount the vacuum pump within 8 feet of the analyzer. Refer to Figure 12 and Figure 13 for
mounting hole and pump dimensions.
CAUTION
Be sure the pump outlet is at atmospheric pressure before starting.
The pump is not designed to start against any backpressure.
26
DF-745
Options
4.92 [124.97]
5.17 [131.32]
4.92 [124.97]
Ø.28 [Ø7.14]
4 PL
MOUNTING FOR
BOTTOM OF BRACKET
3.94 [100.08]
Ø.28 [Ø7.14]
4 PL
MOUNTING FOR LEFT OR
RIGHT SIDE OF BRACKET
Ø.28[Ø7.14]
4 PL
MOUNTING FOR
REAR OF BRACKET
6.89 [175.01]
3.94 [100.08]
2 PL
3.94 [100.08]
2 PL
Figure 12: Vacuum Pump Mount Dimensions
7.22 [183.39]
3.23 [81.98]
5.00 [127.00]
10.20 [259.08]
9.58 [243.26]
8.54 [216.79]
4.25 [107.95]
2.18 [55.25]
4.31 [109.35]
6.59 [167.33]
6.18 [156.85]
5.00 [127.00]
Figure 13: Vacuum Pump Dimensions
Options
DF-745
27
5.6.2 Moisture Sample Gas Outlet Connection to Vacuum Pump
The sample gas outlet connection is a ¼ inch compression fitting labeled Moisture Sensor
Outlet as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5. Use the polyethylene tubing provided with the
analyzer to connect between the outlet fitting and the ¼ inch fittings on the needle control
valve and vacuum pump (included separately). See Figure 11. Open the needle control
valve completely.
NOTE: If the Hydrogen Service Safety System is included, the sample outlet line must be
made of steel. See page 89 for additional information.
5.6.3 Electrical Connections
Plug the vacuum pump power cord into the vacuum pump power receptacle on the rear of
the analyzer. Turn on the vacuum pump power breaker that is adjacent to the receptacle.
The pump will not turn on until the main analyzer power switch is turned on. See Figure 14.
NOTE: The voltage supplied at the vacuum pump power connector is the same as the input
voltage to the analyzer. For example, if 110VAC is supplied to the analyzer then 110VAC is
supplied to the pump.
CAUTION
Be sure the pump outlet is at atmospheric pressure before starting.
The pump is not designed to start against any backpressure.
VACUUM PUMP AC POWER OUT
VACUUM PUMP ON/OFF
Figure 14: Vacuum Pump Power Connections and Controls
28
DF-745
Options
FLOW METER
(FRONT)
REAR PANEL
MOISTURE SENSOR OUTLET
MOISTURE
SAMPLE VENT
PI
H2O
EXTERNAL
VACUUM PUMP
(SUPPLIED LOOSE)
.010 ORIFICE
VACUUM CONTROL
NEEDLE VALVE (SUPPLIED LOOSE)
PROCESS INLET
Figure 15: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path and Optional Vacuum Pump
FLOW METER
(FRONT)
MOISTURE SENSOR OUTLET
MOISTURE
SAMPLE VENT
V1
H 2O
PI
EXTERNAL
VACUUM PUMP
(SUPPLIED LOOSE)
REAR PANEL
V2
VACUUM CONTROL
NEEDLE VALVE (SUPPLIED LOOSE)
.010 ORIFICE
REGULATOR
ADJUSTMENT
PROCESS INLET
FLOWSWITCH
BYPASS FLOWMETER
(REAR)
BYPASS FLOW ADJUST
BYPASS OUTLET
Figure 16: Block Diagram of Gas Flow Path with Optional Valves and Vacuum Pump
Options
DF-745
29
6 Connecting to External Devices
The analyzer can be interfaced to a variety of external devices via the ports on the rear
panel. Alarm contacts, voltage, and current outputs, and serial communications are
supported. All outputs, analog or digital, are fully isolated from earth ground.
NOTE
During the six minute warm up period all analog and digital outputs
are held to an artificial 0.011ppb reading to avoid the reporting of
false readings.
RELAY OUTPUTS
NOT USED
J8
NOT USED
J9
J2
J3
J10
J5
J4
SERIAL COMMUNICATION
MOISTURE ANALOG OUTPUT
Figure 17: Rear Panel Electrical Connectors
6.1 Serial Communication Port – J5
Either of two serial communication ports are available at the time of order: RS232C or
RS485 which enable interface between the analyzer and other operating systems.
Up to 32 units may be accessed via RS-485. Operating parameters are 8 bits, no parity, and
one stop bit. Baud rate may be selected from the menu on the display.
See Table 2 on page 32 for wiring information.
See the chapter on Communications on page 65 for additional information on setting unit
ID’s and baud rates.
Connecting to External Devices
DF-745
31
A program to facilitate serial communications is available from Delta F.
Pin #
Signal
Description
J5-8
GND
Ground
J5-7
TX-
4 wired 485 paired with TX+
J5-6
Key
Unused
J5-5
RX-
4 wire 485 paired with RX+
J5-4
Unused
J5-3
Unused
J5-2
TX+
Data transmitted by the analyzer via RS-232 or RS-485
J5-1
RX+
Data received by the analyzer via RS-232 or RS-485
Table 2: Pin-out of Serial Comm Connector J5
Pin assignments
DF-760/750
1: RX+
2: TX+
8: Gnd
5: RX7: TX-
PC-DB9/RS-232
PC/RS-485
converter
PC-DB25/RS-232
3: TD
2: RD
5: Gnd
2: TD
3: RD
7: Gnd
TX+
RX+
TXRX-
Table 3: Serial Communications Connections
6.2 Analog Signal Outputs – J4
The analog voltage output correlating to the front panel display reading is provided on the
rear of the analyzer through connector J4. The full scale voltage is set at the factory at the
time of order to: 0 to 1 VDC, 0 to 2 VDC, 0 to 5 VDC, or 0 to 10 VDC. The output is
electrically isolated from all other analyzer outputs, and from chassis (Earth) ground. See
page 55 for additional information on setting the Analog Output. The output may be tested
with the use of the analog voltage test routine found on page 59.
6.3 4-20 mA Outputs – J4
J4 Pin #
Moisture Signal
Description
J4-8
GND
J4-7
Key
J4-6
A Out +
Analog Voltage Output (+)
J4-5
A Out -
Analog Voltage Output (-)
Ground
J4-4
Unused
J4-3
Unused
J4-2
4-20 mA +
4-20 mA Output (+)
J4-1
4-20 mA -
4-20 mA Output (-)
Table 4: Pin-Out of Moisture Signal Output Connector J4
32
DF-745
Connecting to External Devices
The 4-20 mA analog output correlating to the front panel display reading is provided on the
rear of the analyzer through connector J4. This output is electrically isolated from all other
analyzer outputs, and from chassis (Earth) ground.
The maximum load resistance for each is 1K Ohms and the analyzer provides a compliance
voltage of approximately 28 VDC.
6.4 Relay Ports – J8, J9
Four form C (SPDT) relays (contact closures) are provided to assign to the various alarms.
The contacts are rated at 30 VDC, 1A. They are not designed to switch AC power.
The relay contacts can be programmed through the user interface for up to four moisture
levels, temperature, moisture cell diagnostics, zero calibration in progress, analyzer off line,
freeze of analog outputs during calibration.
The relays are wired for Fail Safe operation such that a Normally Open (No alarm) contact
connects to common when an alarm occurs or when power to the instrument is lost.
The relay wiring can be tested with the Relay test routine found on page 57.
Pin #
Moisture Relay
Description
J8-8
GND
J8-7
RLY2-NC
Relay 2 Normally Closed
J8-6
RLY2-NO
Relay 2 Normally Open
J8-5
RLY2-COM
J8-4
RLY1-NC
Relay 1 Normally Closed
J8-3
RLY1-NO
Relay 1 Normally Open
J8-2
RLY1-COM
J8-1
KEY
Unused
J9-8
GND
Ground
J9-7
RLY4-NC
Relay 4 Normally Closed
J9-6
RLY4-NO
Relay 4 Normally Open
J9-5
RLY4- COM
J9-4
RLY3-NC
Relay 3 Normally Closed
J9-3
RLY3-NO
Relay 3 Normally Open
J9-2
Key
J9-1
RLY3-COM
Ground
Relay 2 Common
Relay 1 Common
Relay 4 Common
Unused
Relay 3 Common
Table 5: Pin-Out of Relay Connectors J8 and J9
Connecting to External Devices
DF-745
33
7 User Interface
7.1 Data Display Screen
The front panel display consists of the Graphical User Interface (GUI), as displayed on the
view screen in Figure 18 below.
Figure 18: Data Display Screen
The various elements of the main data display screen are as follows:

Alarm status indicator – ‘1, etc.’ denotes an alarm condition (if enabled), ‘OK’
denotes no alarm conditions (if enabled).

The Data Line, providing the most recent concentration measurement in the large
number display. This box will also provide indication of abnormal operating
conditions for each sensor.

A strip chart history of concentration measurements.

A ppb output range, for the analog outputs, as designated by the user.

Gas pressure within the moisture cell.

Background gas as set by the user
The digital readout of moisture concentration will be over written with a warning if any of
the four moisture level or system alarms are tripped.
7.2 Keypad
The keypad allows the user to control all of the features of the analyzer. The layout of the
keypad on the front panel is represented in Figure 19.
User Interface
DF-745
35
ESC
Menu
Next
Enter
Figure 19: Keypad
The ‘Menu’ key activates the menu structure along the top of the GUI interface on the
view screen.
Once in the menu, the arrow keys (
and
) highlight the various menu features. When
the desired selection is highlighted, the right arrow will access the submenu if available
(denoted by a right arrow next to the menu text). The ‘Next’ key and the ‘Enter’ key will
do this as well. The arrows also enable the entry of numerical parameters as will be
described below.
The ‘Enter’ key will call up dialogue boxes from the menu (denoted by the sequence …
next to the menu text). It will also enter numerical values within dialogue boxes.
The ‘Next’ key allows the user to change between active inputs within a dialogue box. The
down arrow key will also accomplish this activity.
The ‘ESC’ key allows the user to exit numerical entry boxes within dialogue boxes without
any user changes, dialogue boxes without any user changes, and the menu bar.
7.3 Menu Structure
A bar along the top of the GUI interface on the view screen is reserved for the menu control
of the instrument. The NanoTrace Moisture Analyzer menu tree consists of main menus,
sub-menus and screens and is depicted below. See Appendix A on page 85 for a summary
of the available menus.
7.4 Main Menu
Figure 20: Main Menu
36
DF-745
User Interface
The Main Menu is accessed by pressing the Menu key on the front panel. Use the arrow
keys (
and
) to navigate up and down through the list. Select the highlighted item with
the Enter key on the front panel.
If a menu item is grayed out as shown in Figure 21, then the option is not installed, and as a
result the item is not available.
Figure 21: Main Menu (without valve option)
7.4.1 Isolate Analyzer – Optional
Figure 22: Isolate Analyzer
Isolate Analyzer allows the internal gas lines and the moisture sensing cell volume to be
isolated in the case of an impending break in the external delivery lines. It is also considered
the first step in the shut down procedure. Highlight this item and hit the Enter key to
initiate the isolation process. The Isolate Warning shown in Figure 23 will appear for 40
seconds.
User Interface
DF-745
37
Figure 23: Isolate Warning
While the moisture cell is isolated from gas flow, a warning will appear at the bottom of the
main display indicating “Isolated”.
7.4.2 Restore Sample Gas Flow – Optional
Figure 24: Restore Sample Gas Flow
This command allows the user to return the analyzer gas flow to normal after isolation.
7.4.3 Calibrate Menu
“Calibration” of the moisture analyzer is somewhat of a misnomer. Because of the nature
of absorption measurements, instrumental drift has minimal effect on the quantitative
moisture content result. Once operating parameters are in place from the factory, no other
SPAN “calibration” is necessary.
However, line contributions to offsets in ppb measurements, especially at the sub-ppb level,
are difficult to remove even with a correctly operating system. The moisture analyzer has an
array of zeroing features that enable the user to establish performance near 0.0 ppb.
Any zero action whether completed or aborted is recorded in the Zero Cal Log as shown
in Figure 40.
Use the arrow keys (
and
return to the main display.
38
 to scroll up and down through the list. Pressing ESC will
DF-745
User Interface
Figure 25: Calibrate Menu
7.4.3.1 Check/Adjust Zero
Figure 26: Check/Adjust Zero Menu
The Check/Adjust Zero screen displays many pieces of information including a live reading
of moisture in ppb (or ppm) and the state of the zero gas control valves. Also depicted are
Zero Reference and Zero Offset values.
The Zero Reference value is a reflection of the deviation of the instrument’s baseline from
what was set at the factory. The zero reference of an instrument from the factory will be
0.00. After a manual or auto zero is performed, this value may change slightly.
If the moisture cell has been previously calibrated by the user, Restore Factory Zero will
be enabled on this screen. Enacting this will erase any user zero and restore the factory set
point.
The User Zero Offset and Active Zero Offset are two mechanisms to modify the zero
baseline. When the Active Zero feature is turned on, the User Zero Offset display is
inactive and Active Zero Offset will be displayed instead. See page 57 for additional
information on the Active Zero feature.
User Interface
DF-745
39
A relay is available on the Analog Output Setup Screen (see page 55) to signal that a zero
calibration is taking place, and the analog output signal can also be frozen or allowed to
update during the calibration process.
Figure 27: Check/Adjust Zero Screen
7.4.3.1.1 User Zero Offset
Figure 28: User Zero Offset
The User Zero Offset function enables the user to add a given moisture ppb value to the
displayed concentration. This can be useful in preventing negative readings to be displayed
should the baseline drift below the calibrated zero point. The value does not affect zero
calibration, it is simply added to the calibrated zero. For example, an offset of 1.0 ppb
could be put into a system reading 0.0 ppb to allow a chart recorder attached to the output
to read slightly above zero. Under this condition, the moisture reading would be 1.0 ppb.
Use the arrow keys (
and
 to highlight Enter User Zero Offset in the Check/Adjust
Zero screen, Figure 27, hit the Enter key on the front panel, and the zero offset box will
appear on the screen as shown in Figure 28. With the left and right arrow keys move the
cursor to the right of the digit you want to change. With the up and down arrow keys set
the number to the desired value. When done hit the Enter key which will move the
highlighted area to the Apply button and hit Enter to set the value. Use the Next key to go
40
DF-745
User Interface
back and change the value or move to the Done button, followed by hitting the Enter key
to leave the screen. Using the ESC key at any time will exit the screen making no changes
and return to the main display.
7.4.3.1.2 Do A Manual Zero
Figure 29: Manual Zero Screen
The manual zero command enables the user to zero the moisture cell in an interactive
manner.
For this purpose, it is necessary to ensure that moisture free gas (sub ppb) is entering the
sensor through the process inlet. When switching to a gas that is moisture free, it is
important to wait a period necessary to allow the reading to re-stabilize.
It is extremely important to note that moisture is inherently slow to move and as a result the
process of doing a zero action can take many hours before the reading is at baseline. A
premature zero, although acceptable, will ultimately result in a negative reading as the
plumbing and analyzer continue to dry out requiring another zero action. See the section on
Active Zero on page 57 for additional information.
After selecting Do a Manual Zero, a screen will appear which displays a trace of the
recent moisture reading. See Figure 29. Observe the trace until the reading is stable and
then press Enter. This action will accept the present value as the new zero setting for the
moisture cell and the Zero Reference field will be updated. After this action, the user will
be brought back to the Check/Adjust Zero screen.
Pressing ESC during the calibration process will abort the action and return to the main
display. Whether the calibration is complete or aborted, pressing Done from the previous
screen will allow the user to return to the main display.
Once complete the gas source must be returned to the original state with process gas going
directly through the sensor.
A relay is available on the Analog Output Setup Screen (see page 55) to signal that a zero
calibration is taking place, and the analog output signal can also be frozen or allowed to
update during the calibration process.
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7.4.4 Data History Routine
Figure 30: Data History Menu
The Data History Screen (Figure 31) enables the user to see the data history displayed in
strip chart form on the front display. By default, the data history screen displays data for the
most recent 24 hour period sampled at 1 point per minute (fixed) and the y-axis is autoscaling.
The Next button can be used to toggle the X axis from 1 day (default), to 1 hour, to 1 week
and then to 3 weeks.
The Next button can also toggle the cursor to the max and min values on the Y axis and the
arrow keys can then be used to adjust the values, and the display will actively update.
The data history may be downloaded to a USB memory stick, by using the Next key to
move to the Download box and hitting ENTER. A screen will appear, requesting that a
memory stick can be placed in the external USB socket. The socket is located behind the
front door on the left side of the chassis.
The downloaded file will be in tab delimited form and will be all moisture data in the system
up to 3 weeks old if available. The download process will take up to 15 seconds and the
display will indicate downloading is in progress. Once the download is complete, control of
the analyzer is returned to the operator. See Figure 33 for an example of a portion of a
download taken between the dates of May 1 and May 22. The complete file covers three
full weeks.
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Figure 31: Data History Screen
Figure 32: Install Media
Firmware version
0.6.1
Serial #
ND-10016
Model #
DF-745
Start time
05-01-2003 03:07 PM
End time
05-22-2003 03:07 PM
Date
Time
H2O
5/16/03
5/16/03
5/16/03
5/16/03
5/16/03
5/16/03
1:24
1:25
1:26
1:27
1:28
1:29
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
5.423
5.423
5.421
5.416
5.411
5.406
Figure 33: Example of Data Download
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7.4.5 Data Downloader Routine
Figure 34: Data Downloader Menu
The Moisture Data Downloader screen, Figure 35, enables the user to label data with
unique location names as well as to view and download specified data.
The Next key is used to toggle through the various options on the screen and the arrow
keys (
and
 move up and down through the location list.
Figure 35: Data Downloader Screen
7.4.5.1 Set Location
The set location function is used to choose a location from a list of existing locations
previously entered into the system (see Add Location on page 45). On the Moisture Data
Downloader screen Figure 35, use the Next key to move to the list of existing names and
then use the arrow keys (
and
 to select the location desired. Then use the Next key
to move to Set Location and press Enter to accept the new location.
The action of setting a location starts the logging process and creates a new file. Changing
to a new location will, in turn, end the previous file and start a new one.
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7.4.5.2 View Location
Figure 36: View Location Screen
The view location function is used to view data previously stored in the system sorted by
location. On the Moisture Data Downloader screen Figure 35, use the Next key to move to
the list of existing names and then use the arrow keys (
and
 to select the location
desired. Then use the Next key to move to View Location and press Enter. The View
Location screen will appear as in Figure 36.
Use the arrow keys (
and
 to select the data block desired and use the Next key to
move to View Location and press Enter. The data history screen will appear as shown in
Figure 31. From the data history screen, the data may also be downloaded to a USB
memory stick.
7.4.5.3 Add Location
The user can create a new location stamp by moving the cursor to the Add Location
button and hitting enter. This brings up the keyboard shown in Figure 37 that is used to
enter the name of the new location.
Figure 37: Keyboard Display
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Use the arrow keys (
and
 to navigate the keyboard and use the Enter key to accept
each character. If an error is made use the Next key to move to the Clear Entry key and hit
enter. When the location name is complete use the Next key to move the highlight to
Accept New Location and hit Enter. The display will return to the Downloader Screen
and the name will appear in the list of available locations.
7.4.5.4 Delete Location
The delete location function is used to remove a location from the list of available names.
On the Moisture Data Downloader screen Figure 35, use the Next key to move to the list of
existing names and then use the arrow keys (
and
 to select the location desired.
Then use the Next key to move to Delete Location and press Enter. A confirmation box
will then appear (see Figure 38) and the user can either accept the deleted selection with the
Enter key or can hit ESC to cancel the action. If accepted, the name will be removed from
the list of available locations.
Figure 38: Delete Selection
7.4.6 View Logs Menu
View Logs allows the user to easily access past events that may be connected with past
operational changes (e.g., zero) or instrument upsets. Use the arrow keys (
and
 to
scroll up and down through the list. Pressing ESC will return to the main display.
7.4.6.1 Zero Log
Figure 39: View Zero Log Menu
The Moisture Zero Log reports on adjustments made to the moisture cell zero setting. The
date and time of the zero calibration is noted. The zero is listed as either Manual or
Automatic. Notes are also given as to if the zero was aborted, failed due to timeout, or in
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the event of an Automatic Zero, if it were scheduled. The time to perform the zero and the
resulting zero reference are also noted.
Figure 40: Zero Log Screen
7.4.6.2 System Error Code Log
Figure 41: View System Error Code Log Menu
The System Error Log reports functional errors in the moisture system. If the error persists
for more than 30 minutes, the code is displayed, if warranted. In addition, a system alarm
will trip if configured to do so. See page 54 for additional information on setting System
Alarms.
NOTE: The 30 minute clock is delayed for 60 minutes on a “cold” system start up.
Following is a list of System Error/Event Codes and their descriptions:
 101 = peak unstable or not found
 133 = data acquisition system event
 141 = sample gas pressure outside of pressure matrix range.
 191 = fan condition voltage out of range – “Fan Failure”
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Contact Delta F for assistance in interpreting the various codes if one should appear on the
screen.
Figure 42: System Error Code Screen
7.4.6.3 Pump Capacity Test Log
Figure 43: Pump Capacity Test Log Menu
The pump capacity test is used to determine the condition of the aspirator or vacuum pump
which in turn will have a direct impact the flow of gas through the analyzer. A reduction in
pump capacity can result in a reduction in gas flow and as a result on the stability of the
analyzer reading. See page Error! Bookmark not defined. for additional information on
the pump capacity test. As the last step of the test, the system automatically puts an entry in
the pump capacity test log for future reference. See Figure 43. Review of this information
can be useful in detecting a trend in the condition of the aspirator or pump which can result
in a need to rebuild the pump.
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Figure 44: Pump Capacity Test Log
7.4.7 Analyzer Setup
The analyzer setup menu allows the user access to the Gas Scale Factor settings, Alarm
Setups, Analog Output setup and Graph setup.
Use the arrow keys (
and
return to the main display.
 to scroll up and down through the list. Pressing ESC will
7.4.7.1 Sample GSF
Figure 45: Sample GSF Menu
The GSF setup (Gas Scale Factor) is critical for obtaining quantitatively correct results. It
accounts for the fact that moisture molecules have different absorption features in different
buffer gases.
The GSF should be applied when the user has any knowledge of a change in the buffer gas
or change in the percentages of a mixed background gas. The default setting from the
factory is 100% N2, yielding a GSF of 1.00.
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Use the Next key to move from between fields and use the arrow keys (
and
 to
change the highlighted selections and to enter numerical values. When done, use the Next
key to move to the Accept button and hit the Enter key to return to the main display.
Using the ESC at anytime will exit the screen making no changes and return to the main
display.
After the percentages of all background gas are entered, the Accept button is hit and the
system confirms that the total is 100%. Next if appropriate, the system indicates the proper
pressure setting as in Figure 47 and the limits are set on the Pressure Alarm Screen.
Figure 46: Sample GSF Setup Screen
Figure 47: GSF Pressure Setting
NOTE: An entry of any percentage of Hydrogen in the GSF calculation will automatically
engage the Hydrogen Safety Service System option if equipped. See page 89 for additional
information.
7.4.7.2 Fan Failure
The analyzer constantly monitors the condition of the cabinet exhaust fans. If a problem is
detected a system error #191 “Fan Failure” is reported over the moisture display.
Figure 48: Fan Failure Alarm
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In addition, if hydrogen is entered as a gas in the GSF Setup, and the system detects a
failure in the exhaust fan circuitry the entire analyzer will automatically isolate. A message
of “Fan Failure” as shown in Figure 48 will flash over the moisture reading on the main
display and the user will be unable to restore any flow until the fan problem has been fixed.
7.4.7.3 Alarm Setup
Figure 49: Alarm Setup Menu
The moisture analyzer includes a total of seven alarms. The four moisture concentration
alarms can be user controlled to activate up to four optional relays. High and low setpoints
as well as deadbands are user-set.
Alarm Number
Function
1
Moisture Level 1
2
Moisture Level 2
3
Moisture Level 3
4
Moisture Level 4
P
Pressure
T
Temperature
S
System
Table 6: Alarm Codes
The temperature alarm indicates an out of specification ambient temperature condition in
the analyzer cabinet.
The pressure range alarm is related to the pressure in the gas path.
Finally, system errors are monitored, and under certain conditions will trip alarms if enabled.
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An alarm warning will overwrite the moisture level readout if an alarm condition exists. To
acknowledge the alarm simply hit the Enter button and its number or letter will appear in
the Alarm Status line above the display. See Figure 18. This action will not clear the alarm.
Only restoration of the condition that existed prior to the alarm will clear the alarm.
Following is a list of alarm code abbreviations that can appear in the Status Line:
NOTE: When any hydrogen is included in the background gas matrix (see discussion
regarding GSF on page 49 for additional information), an additional alarm is enabled to
monitor the cabinet exhaust fan status. If the system detects a failure in the operation of the
cabinet exhaust fans while operating in a hydrogen background, the system immediately
isolates the moisture cell until the fan is repaired. A warning describing this condition will
appear over the main display and the user will be unable to restore gas flow until the fan is
repaired. See Fan Failure on page 50.
7.4.7.4 Moisture Alarm Setup
Figure 50: Alarm Setup Screen
The Setpoint value refers to the limit above or below which the alarm is triggered. The Trip
command sets the above/below parameter. The deadband refers to the value from the
nominal setpoint that the output value must exceed before an alarm is reset. The Relay
Assignment indicates to which relay the alarm is assigned.
Use the Next key to move from between fields and use the arrow keys (
and
 to
change the highlighted selections and to enter numerical values. When done, use the Next
key to move to the Accept button and hit the Enter key to return to the main display.
Using the ESC key at anytime will exit the screen making no changes and return to the
main display.
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7.4.7.5 Temperature Range Alarm Setup
Figure 51: Temperature Alarm Setup
The system is constantly monitoring the ambient temperature in the analyzer cabinet. If
enabled on the Temperature Alarm Setup screen, an alarm can be assigned to trip if the
ambient temperature exceeds preset limits. The user may assign the temperature alarm to
one of four relays.
Use the Next key to move from between fields and use the arrow keys (
and
 to
change the highlighted selections and to enter numerical values. When done, use the Next
key to move to the Accept button and hit the Enter key to return to the main display.
Using the ESC key at anytime will exit the screen making no changes and return to the
main display.
7.4.7.6 Pressure Alarm Setup
Figure 52: Pressure Alarm Setup
The system is constantly monitoring the pressure in the gas path and the result is displayed
on the front panel. If enabled on the Pressure Alarm Setup screen, an alarm can be assigned
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to trip if the pressure exceeds preset limits. The user may assign the pressure alarm to one
of four relays.
The limits are not user adjustable but are set automatically on the basis of the background
gases entered in the GSF screen. See page 49 for additional information on setting the
background gases.
Use the Next key to move from between fields and use the arrow keys (
and
 to
change the highlighted selections and to enter numerical values. When done, use the Next
key to move to the Accept button and hit the Enter key to return to the main display.
Using the ESC key at anytime will exit the screen making no changes and return to the
main display.
7.4.7.7 System Alarm Setup
Figure 53: System Alarm Setup
If left for more than 30 minutes, a System Error Code will trip a System Alarm if configured
to do so. See page 47 for additional information on System Error Codes.
NOTE: The 30 minute clock is delayed for 60 minutes on a “cold” system start up.
Use the Next key to move from between fields and use the arrow keys (
and
 to
change the highlighted selections and to enter numerical values. When done, use the Next
key to move to the Accept button and hit the Enter key to return to the main display.
Using the ESC key at anytime will exit the screen making no changes and return to the
main display.
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7.4.8 Analog Output Setup
Figure 54: Analog Output Setup Menu
The Zero Point corresponds to the lowest voltage or current output (0 VDC, 4 mA) that is
sent to a recorder, while the Full Scale corresponds to the maximum voltage or current
output (1/5/10 VDC or 20mA) that is sent. The Full Scale set point (FS) is set from 0.002
ppm to 20.00 ppm.
Three ranges can be entered in this screen. The range of the primary Full Scale (FS) must
be less than that of the Expanded Full Scale “A” (FS A) which must be less than that of the
Expanded Full Scale “B” (FS B). The analyzer auto-ranges between the three outputs
depending on the current analyzer reading. Relay contacts can then be assigned to signal a
change in range. If only one expanded range is required, rather than two, then the value of
FS B should be set to equal the FS A value.
A window as narrow as 10% of the analyzer’s decades can be set for the full-scale analog
output.
Figure 55: Analog Output Setup Screen
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The In Calibration Relay can be enabled to signal that a zero calibration is in process. In
addition, the user has the option to freeze the analog output or enable the analog output to
update as the calibration progresses.
7.4.9 Graph Setup
Figure 56: Graph Setup Menu
The graph setup is used to adjust the time scale on the main data display of the analyzer. A
specific time interval in minutes can be chosen for the X-axis on that display. The minimum
acceptable time is 3 minutes. The information on the display represents current data and will
show a history of moisture concentration based on the given time span to the present. The
Y-axis of the main data display is auto-ranging.
Figure 57: Graph Setup Screen
7.4.10
Diagnostics Menu
The Diagnostics menu gives the user access to control the Active Zero function, to test the
Relays and Analog Outputs, and to check the Signal Monitor.
Use the arrow keys (
and
return to the main display.
56
 to scroll up and down through the list. Pressing ESC will
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7.4.10.1
Active Zero On/Off
Figure 58: Active Zero On/Off Menu
The Active Zero Offset feature is designed to automatically compensate for the analyzer’s
gradual zero baseline cleanup. This gradual cleanup is natural and occurs after a fresh
startup or after a prolonged or abnormally high moisture exposure. This feature ensures that
accurate low ppb H2O readings can be made as soon as possible after initial startup, or after
a high H2O upset event. It is similar to the User Zero Offset feature in that a small positive
offset is added to the analyzer H2O readings (display and output) to compensate for the
long term downward trending in the readings during cleanup. The Active Zero Offset
provides an automatic addition of offset that occurs in miniscule steps, and within set
guidelines, corresponding to predictable behavior during cleanup.
When Active Zero Offset is enabled through the Diagnostics Menu, the User Zero Offset
feature is disabled and vice versa. See page 40 for more information on the User Zero
function. While the User Zero Offset feature requires the user to enter a fixed positive offset
value to accommodate the baseline cleanup, the Active Zero Offset does so automatically,
and only when necessary.
The current Active Zero Offset value is shown in the Check/Adjust Zero screen as shown in
Figure 27. It starts at a value of 0.00 ppb when the analyzer is first turned on, and then
increments automatically as the analyzer applies offset to the readings. After each User Zero
Calibration, the Active Zero Offset value is reset to 0.00 ppb and then automatically
increments again as needed.
The Active Zero Offset is designed to operate when the zero baseline is falling at a rate less
than 0.1 ppb/hr as would be the case after 1-2 weeks of initial operation. If user calibrations
are performed sooner, the H2O readings may be decreasing too rapidly for the Active Zero
Offset feature to operate properly and negative H2O readings may result.
If the Active Zero Offset value reaches 5 ppb a warning message CAL ZERO will flash in
the system status block on the display instructing the user that a zero calibration should be
performed. The maximum amount of offset that can be applied by this feature is 5 ppb. Any
further downward trend (baseline cleanup) exceeding –0.3ppb will result in negative
readings until the next user calibration is performed resetting the Active Zero Offset value
to zero.
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If the Active Zero Offset feature is turned off, the User Zero Offset value will appear in its’
place in the Check/Adjust Zero menu. The previous user Zero Offset value (if any) will
reappear and immediately be applied to the live display readings. Likewise, if the Active
Zero Offset feature is on, then its’ value (if any) will appear and immediately be applied to
the live readings.
7.4.10.2
Test Relays
Figure 59: Test Relays Menu
Figure 60: Test Alarm Relays Screen
The Test Relays screen, as shown in Figure 60, is used to assure that the relay outputs are
functioning properly. When the Test Relays screen is selected, the NEXT key is used to
move to the number field where the arrow keys (
and
) are used to choose the
appropriate relay number. The NEXT key is then used to move to the Activate/Deactivate
field where the arrow keys (
and
) are used to toggle between the two options. The
NEXT key is then used to move to the Apply field where the Enter key is hit to change the
relay state. This process can be repeated as often as needed. When done, the NEXT key is
used to move to the Done field and the Enter key is hit to leave the screen. The condition
of the relays before the test is restored when the test is concluded. See the section on relay
ports found on page 33 for additional information.
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7.4.10.3
Test Analog Voltage Output
Figure 61: Test Analog Outputs Menu
The Test Output screen, as shown in Figure 62, is used to calibrate the analog recorder
output. When the Test Output screen is selected, the NEXT key is used to move to the
percentage field where the arrow keys (
and
) are used to choose the appropriate
setting. The NEXT key is then used to move to the Apply field where the Enter key is hit
to set the analog output to the selected value. The analog output response should match the
value that was entered. For example, if 80 percent is entered for the percent full scale level,
and the analog output is set for 0 to 10 VDC, the analog output is 8.000 VDC. This process
can be repeated as often as needed. When done, the NEXT key is used to move to the
Done field and the Enter key is hit to leave the screen. The condition of the analog output
before the test is restored when the test is concluded. See the section on analog outputs
found on page 32 for additional information.
Figure 62: Test Analog Voltage Output Screen
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7.4.10.4
Signal Monitor
Figure 63: Signal Monitor Menu
The Signal Monitor depicts 18 system parameters in numerical order. Each parameter is
unique for each system. In the event of a system error, these parameters can be used as a
diagnostic tool. See page 47 for additional information on system errors.
Figure 64: Signal Monitor Screen
7.4.10.5
Pump Capacity Test
The pump capacity test can be used to determine the ultimate vacuum that the aspirator or
pump is capable of pulling and as a result its’ capacity to pull sufficient sample through the
analyzer. The test is automatic in nature, in that once started, the analyzer isolates the
moisture cell by closing the upstream and downstream valves and then the vacuum is
monitored for 20 seconds and is displayed on the screen. Any pressure lower than 115 Torr
is considered acceptable. If the aspirator or pump is unable to pull 115 Torr, a failure is
indicated by the appearance of Figure 67 and the recommendation to rebuild the pump or
check for leaks. At the end of the 20 second test, whether the aspirator or pump passes or
fails, the user must hit Escape to return to the main display.
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Figure 65: Pump Capacity Test Menu
After the pump test is complete, an entry is automatically put in the pump capacity test log
as shown in Figure 68. See page 48 for additional information on the pump test log.
Figure 66: Pump Capacity Test Screen
Figure 67: Pump Pressure Failure
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Figure 68: Pump Capacity Test Log
7.4.11
Adjust Contrast
Figure 69: Adjust Contrast Menu
Figure 70: Adjust Display Contrast Screen
This screen allows the user to modify the contrast of the front display screen. From the
System menu, select Adjust Contrast. Use the up and down arrows (
and
) as
indicated to make adjustments. Hit ESC on the key pad when done.
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7.4.12
Power Up Default – Optional
Figure 71: Power Up Default Menu
This menu item is only available on analyzers equipped with the isolation valve option.
The Power Up Default SubRoutine allows the user to determine the various default states
during analyzer power up. The power up states are useful because they determine whether,
for instance, the sensor is protected from ambient air contamination or whether it is
configured the best way for rapid station to station transfer and measurement.
Use the NEXT key to move from field to field. Use the up and down arrows (
and
)
to move between the selections within the field. When done use the NEXT key to move to
the Accept field and hit the Enter key. Pressing the ESC at any time will make no changes
and will return to the main data display.
Figure 72: Power Up Default Screen
NOTE: If the analyzer auto-reboots due to a system error 20006, the power-up defaults (if
applicable) are ignored and the analyzer returns to the mode of operation found immediately
before the error. This reboot action is identified in the system error log as an error 222. See
page 47 for additional information on system error codes.
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7.4.13
Date/Time
Figure 73: Date/Time Menu
The Date/Time Screen is used to set various calendar and clock related parameters.
The Next key is used to moved from field to field, and the arrow keys (
used to change the numerical digits and units.
and
) are
When in the Time Zone field the left and right arrow keys toggle through the various
options. When done the Next key is used to move to the Accept field and the Enter key is
hit.
Hitting the Esc key at any time will exit the screen with no changes and return the user to
the main data display.
NOTE: The time is not automatically adjusted for daylight savings and must be changed
manually.
Figure 74: Date/Time Setup Screen
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7.4.14
Communications
The Communications screen is used to set parameters related to serial PC communications.
Accessed from the System menu, the Next key is used to moved from field to field, and
the arrow keys (
and
) are used to change the numerical digits as well as to select the
baud rate. When done the Next key is used to move to the Accept field and the Enter key
is hit. See page 31 for additional information.
Figure 75: Communications Menu
Figure 76: Communications Setup Screen
7.4.15
Download System Data
In the event that problems develop with the analyzer, the contents of the internal system
data files can easily be downloaded to a USB memory stick, and the files can either be
mailed or e-mailed to Delta F for evaluation. Install a memory stick into the external USB
socket located behind the front door and on the left side of the analyzer. After hitting Enter
from the Download System Data menu, Figure 78 will appear.
The system automatically selects the current date. To change the date, use the Next key to
move between fields and use the arrow keys (
and
.
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Hit Enter and the download process will begin and a time bar will appear as in Figure 80.
The process should only take a minute or two and when complete control will be returned
to the user.
Figure 77: Download System Data Menu
Figure 78: Insert Media
Figure 79: Media Warning
If there is insufficient space available on the media a warning will appear as in Figure 79.
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Figure 80: Download Time Line
The file name is automatically created and includes the date and time that the data was
recorded as well as the serial number of the analyzer. All files are then automatically
compressed and loaded as one file on the memory stick, which then can be used to forward
the information to Delta F for evaluation.
7.4.16
System Info
Figure 81: System Info Menu
The System Info screen gives the user information regarding the configuration of the
analyzer as well as the version of firmware currently installed. The Service Menu is
password protected. Contact the factory regarding this function.
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Figure 82: System Info Screen
7.4.16.1
Firmware Upgrade
While the Firmware Upgrade box is highlighted, hitting the Next key will bring up the
Firmware Upgrade dialog box as in Figure 83 below.
Figure 83: Software Upgrade Screen
Place the USB memory stick in the external USB socket located behind the front door,
When ready hit the Yes, Proceed key and follow the instructions. At the conclusion of the
upgrade the analyzer will automatically reboot.
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8 Sample Gas Preparation and
Delivery
8.1 Introduction
It is important to note key differences in each parameter to ensure a properly functioning
system. Parameters such as flow, pressure, and background gas will have major effects on
total system performance.
8.2 Sample Flow Rate and Pressure
Proper moisture analyzer operation is dependant upon the pressure of the sample gas. For
each sample gas, there is a unique pressure range that the analyzer must operate under. See
Table 7 for the proper settings. Proper analyzer operation is contingent upon maintaining
the sample pressure for a given background gas within this range. The pressure can be
adjusted by balancing the inlet regulator setting with the throttling valve in the aspirator or,
if equipped, with the needle valve in the vacuum pump assembly.
Background Gas
Pressure
N2
200 +/- 20 Torr
Ar
330 +/- 20 Torr
He
780 +/- 20 Torr
H2
350 +/- 20 Torr
O2
350 +/- 20 Torr
Table 7: Sample Outlet Pressure
8.3 Flow Rate Effects on Sensor Performance
Assuming a leak-free system, flow rate changes will have minimal effects on the
performance of the moisture cell.
8.4 Sample Gas Scale Factor
8.4.1 Background Gas Effects on Indicated Flow Rate
If the molecular weight of the background gas is much different from N2, the flowmeter
reading is not accurate. The bypass loop flowmeter mounted on the rear of the DF-700
series Moisture Analyzer is calibrated for use in air (or N2). Most other gases have
molecular weights within ± 25 percent of air. Since the required flow rate is not extremely
critical most gases produces reasonably correct readings. The exceptions are light gases
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69
such as Helium and Hydrogen whose flow rates should be set to approximately one-third
that of Nitrogen.
8.5 Flammable Sample Gas
There is nothing within the analyzer sample system that can ignite a flammable sample gas.
However, it is critical to ensure that the sample gas does not escape from the sample system
into the analyzer enclosure, or the room, where ignition is possible.
Also, the analyzer enclosure can be purged with nitrogen, or the entire Analyzer can be
mounted in a purged enclosure, so that any sample gas that escapes the plumbing is diluted.
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9 Service
9.1 Return Material Authorization number
If an analyzer has to be returned to the factory, the shipper will have to obtain a Return Material
Authorization number from Delta F by calling the Service Line at (781) 935-5808 or sending a
written request via their Service Fax Line at (781) 932-0053. See the Shipping section for more
details.
9.2 Maintenance
9.2.1 Storage Conditions
If the analyzer is to be stored for extended periods of time, be sure that the temperature of storage
location does not exceed 50° C (122° F). Storage in direct sunlight can cause temperatures to
exceed the recommended limits even though ambient temperatures may be below the maximum
temperature.
Store the analyzer with the electrolyte removed from the sensor.
9.2.2 Moisture Cell Maintenance
None required.
9.2.3 Vacuum Pump Maintenance
The vacuum pump, if equipped, requires periodic maintenance in order to maintain proper
pressure and individual installations will ultimately determine the appropriate maintenance
interval. A good working pump will pull down to 120 torr or less, but when pump performance
degrades to the point that proper pressure cannot be attained, a significant improvement in
performance can often be achieved by simple cleaning of the cylinder and piston assembly. A
rebuild kit is available from Delta F to return the pump to original specifications. See the list on
page 73 for cleaning fluid and rebuild kit part numbers.
9.2.3.1 Cleaning Vacuum Pump Piston and Cylinder Assembly
1. Disconnect power and vent all lines
2. Remove head bolts, head, gasket and valve plate assembly (note orientation of head)
3. Remove cylinder and shims.
4. Clean residue from walls using a soft cloth and non-petroleum, non-oil based solvent.
5. Replace cylinder including all shims. Be sure to orient the shims exactly the same as they
were removed.
Service
DF-745
71
6. Install valve plate, head gasket and head
7. Install head bolts and torque to 80 in-lbs.
72
Service
9.3 Replaceable Parts List
When ordering parts, please be certain to supply the model number and serial number of
your analyzer.
PART NO.
PART DESCRIPTION
Printed Circuit Boards
10424570
Moisture Board
54000001
Front Display
Hardware Items
14241410
Aspirator
63000308
Vacuum Pump – 110 VAC
63000309
Vacuum Pump – 240VAC
63000004
Vacuum Pump Rebuild Kit
76000018
Vacuum Pump Cleaning Fluid
65000100
Vacuum control needle valve
Gas Panel Ass’y with heater
60300241
VCR Gasket
60300268
VCR Filter Gasket
45002363
Fuse 6.3 Amps (110VAC)
45002331
Fuse 3.15 Amps (220VAC)
59017237
Power Cord – 110 VAC
10425870
Linear Power Supply
47500000
Switching Power Supply
49600512
USB Memory Stick/Flash Drive
58000001
Floppy Disc Drive
Table 8: Replaceable Parts List
Service
DF-745
73
9.4 Troubleshooting the DF–745 NanoTrace Analyzer
The DF-700 series moisture analyzer constantly performs internal monitoring of the analyzer
operation. In the event of a failure a system alarm will be displayed on the front panel. In
addition the failure will be logged in the System Error Log (see page 47). In the event of a
system alarm contact Delta F with information as displayed in the log as well as on the Signal
Monitor screen as shown on page 60.
Shipping
If it is necessary to return the analyzer to the factory or ship it to another location, follow the
packaging and shipping procedure below in order to prevent damage to the analyzer during
shipment.
1. Isolate the analyzer gas path properly by following the steps on page 37.
2. Turn off the power switch. Disconnect any source of AC power from the analyzer.
3. Disconnect all external electrical connections (alarms, data output, communications
etc.).
4. Mark each for reattachment later.
5. Ensure that all internal components are adequately secured and put the analyzer in its
original container.
If the analyzer is being returned to the factory, call Delta F at (781) 935-5808 to obtain a
Return Material Authorization number. Clearly mark the Return Material Authorization
number on the outside of the shipping container and on the packing list.
The analyzer should be returned (freight prepaid) to:
Delta F Corporation
4 Constitution Way
Woburn, MA 01801-1087
Service
DF-745
75
10 Theory of Operation
10.1The Moisture Measurement
10.1.1
Moisture and the IR Spectrum
Figure 84: Schematic of Moisture Cell
The Nanotrace Moisture analyzer uses infrared (IR) absorption as its detection method. IR
absorption is but a subset of the overall field of “spectroscopy,” which measures the
interaction of light and matter.
The basis of absorption spectroscopy is when an electromagnetic wave (i.e., the scientific
description of “light”) with a particular wavelength impinges on a substance that absorbs a
fraction of the total electromagnetic radiation. The wavelength of radiation is well known,
for instance, in differentiating colors in the visible light spectrum.
In the infrared spectral region, the wavelength of light overlaps with discrete absorptions
created by molecular vibrations. IR absorption is often used in diagnosing molecular
composition based on “fingerprints” of these absorptions over a wide wavelength range.
Conversely, if the strength of a single vibrational absorbance is known, a single wavelength
is often used to determine the amount of a particular substance. This is how we measure
moisture.
Theory of Operation
DF-745
77
10.1.2
Absorption Spectroscopy
The relationship that defines absorption spectroscopy is known as Beer’s Law. Beer’s Law
equates, in rigorous terms, the concentration of any absorbing molecule based on absorbed
light intensity at a particular wavelength, given knowledge of the molecule’s absorption
strength and the “path length” of the sample medium.
Many are familiar with Beer’s Law as it is conventionally used in analytical laboratories:
A  log(1 / T )   log( I 0 / I )   2.303     b  C
A  Absorbance at wavelength 
T  Transmittance
I0  Reference Intensity of Light
I  Measured Intensity of Light after Absorption
  Molar Absorptivity at wavelength 
b  Path length
C  Molar concentration
In this embodiment, a solution with a broad absorbance band is dialed to a wavelength
within the band, where a substances molar absorptivity is known, and the concentration of
that substance is determined. The substance is usually a liquid solution, placed in a 1 cm
cuvette, and the concentration is expressed in moles/liter.
This same Law can have units reassigned to determine absolute numbers of molecules per
cubic centimeter, useful in gaseous measurements:
A  ln( I 0 / I )      b  N
  Molecular Cross Section (cm2/molecule) at wavelength 
N  Molecular Density (molecules/cm3)
The values  and  are related primarily by Avogadro’s Number. If the molecular density of
an absorbing substance in gas, such as moisture, is known, it can be compared to the
number of molecules in an ideal gas, resulting in a report of parts per billion (PPB). In
gases, this concentration is also known more specifically as parts per billion in volume
PPBv.
78
Operation
DF-745
Theory of
11 Safety
11.1General Warnings
DANGER
Potentially hazardous AC voltages are present within this
instrument. Leave all servicing to qualified personnel. Disconnect
the AC power source when installing or removing: external
connections, the sensor, the electronics, or when charging or
draining electrolyte.
CAUTION
Do not setup or operate the Analyzer without a complete
understanding of the instructions in this manual. Do not connect
this Analyzer to a power source until all signal and plumbing
connections are made.
CAUTION
This analyzer must be operated in a manner consistent with its
intended use and as specified in this manual.
EMI DISCLAIMER
This Analyzer generates and uses small amounts of radio frequency
energy. There is no guarantee that interference to radio or
television signals will not occur in a particular installation. If
interference is experienced, turn-off the analyzer. If the
interference disappears, try one or more of the following methods
to correct the problem:
Safety

Reorient the receiving antenna.

Move the instrument with respect to the receiver.

Place the analyzer and receiver on different AC circuits.
DF-745
79
12 Warranty
Delta F Corporation warrants each instrument manufactured by them to be free from
defects in material and workmanship at the F.O.B. point specified in the order, its liability
under this warranty being limited to repairing or replacing, at the Seller's option, items
which are returned to it prepaid within one year from delivery to the carrier and found, to
the Seller's satisfaction, to have been so defective.
In no event shall the Seller be liable for consequential damages. NO PRODUCT IS
WARRANTED AS BEING FIT FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND THERE IS NO
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY. Additionally, this warranty applies only if: (i)
the items are used solely under the operating conditions and in the manner recommended in
the Seller's instruction manual, specifications, or other literature; (ii) the items have not been
misused or abused in any manner or repairs attempted thereon; (iii) written notice of the
failure within the warranty period is forwarded to the Seller and the directions received for
properly identifying items returned under warranty are followed; and (iv) with return, notice
authorizes the Seller to examine and disassemble returned products to the extent the Seller
deems necessary to ascertain the cause of failure. The warranties stated herein are exclusive.
THERE ARE NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
BEYOND THOSE SET FORTH HEREIN, and the Seller does not assume any other
obligation or liability in connection with the sale or use of said products.
Warranty
DF-745
81
13 Index
Analog Signal Outputs, 32
Relay Ports, 33
Serial Communications, 31
External Devices,Connecting to, 31
4
4-20mA Outputs, 32
A
F
Active Zero On/Off, 57
Add Location, 45
Adjust Contrast, 62
Alarm Setup, 51
Alarm Setup, Moisture, 52
Analog Output Setup, 55
Analog Signal Outputs, 32
Analog Voltage Output, 25
Analog Voltage Output Test, 59
Analyzer
Specifications
General, 9
Moisture, 9
Warranty, 81
Analyzer Setup, 49
Analyzer Shut Down, 21
Analyzer Start Up, 19
Fan Failure, 50
Fan Failure Alarm, 51
Firmware Upgrade, 68
G
Gas Flow and Pressure Regulation, 20
Gas Scale Factor, GSF, 69
Graph Setup, 56
GSF, 49
H
Hydrogen Service, 89
Hydrogen Service Safety System, 17
I
In Calibration Relay, 56
Installation and Setup, 13
Electrical Connections, 17
Pneumatic Pressure Gas Connections, 15
Sample Gas Connections, 15
Isolate Analyzer, 37
C
Calibrate, 38
case purge, 89
Cautions, 7
Important Warnings, 7
Symbols and Explanations, 7
Check/Adjust Zero, 39
Check/Adjust Zero, Moisture, 40
Communications, 65
K
Key Lock, 25
L
D
Logs, 46
Data Downloader Routine, 44
Date/Time, 64
Delete Location, 46
Diagnostics Menu, 56
Display Setup, Moisture, 56
Download System Data, 65
M
Manual Zero, Zero Manual, 41
Moisture Alarm Setup, 52
Moisture Data History Routine, 42
Moisture Display Setup, 56
Moisture Temperature Range Alarm, 53
E
Electrical Connections, 17
Error Codes, 47
External Devices, Connecting to
4-20mA Outputs, 32
Index
N
nitrogen case purge, 89
DF-745
83
O
Operating Voltage, 25
Options, 25
P
Power Up Default, 63, 64
Pressure Alarm Setup, 53
Pump Capacity Test, 60
Pump Capacity Test Log, 48
Pump case purge, 89
R
Relay Ports, 33
Relays, Test, 58
Restore Sample Gas Flow, 38
S
Safety, 79
Symbols and Explanations, 79
Sample Gas Flammability, 70
Sample Gas Preparation and Delivery, 69
Background Gas Effects, 69
Flow Rate Effects
Sensor Performance, 69
Sample Gas Flammability, 70
Sample GSF, 69
Sample Gas Scale Factor, 49
Sample GSF, 49, 69
Serial Communications, 25
Service, 71
Maintenance
Storage Conditions, 71
Replaceable Parts List, 73
84
Return Material Authorization number, 71
Shipping, 75
Return Material Authorization number, 75
Set Location, 44
Signal Monitor, 60
Specifications, 9
System Alarm Setup, 54
System Error Codes, 47
System Info, 67
T
Test Analog Voltage Output, 59
Test Relays, 58
Theory of Moisture Measurement, 77
U
User Interface, 35
Data Display Screen, 35
Keypad, 35
Main Menu, 36
Menu Structure, 36
User Zero Offset, 40
V
View Location, 45
View Logs Menu, 46
W
Warranty, 81
Z
Zero Log, 46
Index
14 Appendix A – User Menu Screens
Page 37
Page 38
Page 42
Page 44
Page 39
Page 46
Page 47
Appendix A – User Menu Screens
Page 48
DF-745
85
Page 49
86
Page 51
Page 55
Page 56
Page 57
Page 58
Page 59
Page 60
Appendix A – User Menu Screens
Page 60
Page 62
Page 63
Page 64
Page 66
Page 67
Appendix A – User Menu Screens
DF-745
Page 65
87
88
Appendix A – User Menu Screens
15 Appendix B – Hydrogen Service
Safety System
The Hydrogen Service Safety System is designed to safeguard the DF-745 from
explosion hazards when operating on hydrogen sample gas under normal pressure and flow
conditions as described in this manual. The instrument chassis and the remote pump, if
equipped, are both protected by maintaining a safe condition within their respective
enclosures.
If equipped with this option at the time of shipment from the factory, the analyzer will be set
for Hydrogen operation through the GSF screen and the Hydrogen Safety Service System
will automatically be enabled.
15.1 Instrument

Air circulation fans pull air in through the front door (and vent through the rear) of
the chassis. The fans are rated at 50 cfm (125 cfm max) which will maintain the
internal chassis space below the lower explosive limit (LEL)1.

Sample delivery interlock valve blocks flow of sample gas from entering the
instrument chassis under various conditions as described below. It consists of a
normally closed pneumatically actuated UHP springless diaphragm valve positioned
on the sample inlet bulkhead.

Analyzer case purge valve introduces nitrogen purge flow into the chassis upon
closure of the sample delivery interlock valve. It consists of a normally open
pneumatically actuated valve which feeds a customer supplied and regulated source
of nitrogen purge gas through a bulkhead on the rear of the cabinet. 2

Instrument controls and logic3 default, manage and actuate the above mentioned
components to maintain safe operating conditions.
15.2 Vacuum Pump

If equipped with a vacuum pump, an enclosure equipped with a nitrogen case purge
is provided for the vacuum pump to maintain a safe condition. In addition, an
interlock is provided to detect and react to loss of Nitrogen purge flow. See Figure
86 on page 94.
15.3 Installation
If equipped with this safety system, the analyzer installation procedure is modified as
follows:
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System
DF-745
89

The pump enclosure must be mounted to a nearby wall or inside the rack shared by
the analyzer. See Figure 86 on page 94.

The sample gas inlet connection is made to an interlock valve mounted at the sample
gas inlet on the rear of the analyzer. NOTE: The installation of this option changes
the sample inlet connection to female VCR, from male.

The sample gas outlet is connected by a ¼ inch metal tube from the analyzer sample
outlet, to the needle control valve (supplied loose), and then to the sample inlet on
the pump enclosure.

A customer supplied and regulated source of nitrogen purge gas is connected to
both the ¼ inch compression fitting on the case purge valve mounted on the rear of
the analyzer as well as to the 1/8 inch compression purge inlet fitting on the vacuum
pump enclosure.

If required, the pump enclosure sample outlet and/or analyzer sample outlet need to
be connected by ¼ inch metal tube and compression fittings to an appropriate
exhaust system.

The pump power cord is connected from the rear of the analyzer to the pump
enclosure.
15.4 Operation

Before power is applied to the analyzer, the moisture cell is in an isolated state as
the internal inlet and outlet valves are closed. In addition, the external sample
interlock valve is closed and the case purge valve is open allowing customer
supplied and regulated Nitrogen gas to purge the analyzer cabinet.
When power is applied, and only after the system has verified proper exhaust fan
operation, the system automatically opens the external sample interlock valve to
enable gas flow and the case purge valve is closed.
NOTE: The back flow prevention screen will be displayed and the user must hit
ESC to acknowledge the screen and remove it.
After approx. 5 minutes, the Warming Up indication will disappear and the user is
then free to open the internal inlet and outlet valves to the moisture cell.
90

On analyzer shut-down, or in the event of a power failure or fan failure, the moisture
cell is automatically isolated with internal valves, the external sample interlock valve
closes to block sample flow from entering, and the purge valve opens to allow
Nitrogen purge into the analyzer enclosure.

The pump case purge system continuously feeds a customer regulated supply of
nitrogen into the pump enclosure to (1) maintain the oxygen level well below the
maximum safe level (5% for hydrogen) in the event that the pump diaphragm fails
and leaks sample gas into the enclosure and (2) maintain appropriate flow for
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System
adequate pump cooling. The purge flow rate is set to 30 scfh as indicated on a
rotometer mounted on the side of the pump enclosure. An in-line flow switch will
trip at a flow rate of less than 26 scfh assuring adequate flow. Loss of purge flow
breaks the contacts in the flow switch, which in turn trips a mercury relay that
removes power to the pump.

To disable the Hydrogen Safety Service System, use the GSF screen to indicate that
hydrogen is not included in the process gas by entering 0%. See page 49 for
additional information on setting GSF.
CAUTION
The purge flow out of the pump enclosure may contain sample gas
and should be appropriately vented.
CAUTION
After passing through the moisture cell and orifice, the sample is
under vacuum and any leak in the system would result in ingress of
ambient rather than release of sample gas to ambient. Accordingly,
the sample outlet should be vented appropriately to assure adequate
dilution.
CAUTION
The Hydrogen Service Safety System is designed to be safe as
provided by the factory when operating as described in the
Operating Instruction Manual. DO NOT make additional
penetrations in the enclosure. If there is a need to do so, please
contact the factory. Additional penetrations made in the enclosure
(or failure to properly fasten the enclosure door) will allow
additional influx of ambient oxygen and may defeat the case purge
safety mechanism. A pressure relief valve is installed to prevent
over pressurization of the enclosure.
CAUTION
Do not open the pump enclosure door unless AC power is shut off.
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System
DF-745
91
CAUTION
The operator is obligated to assure proper operation of the analyzer
air flow system as designed. Do not impede air flow at the inlet in
the front door or at the exhaust fan outlets on either side of the
cabinet in the rear.
NOTES
1
For hydrogen, which has a lower explosive limit (LEL) of 4%, the maximum allowable
influx in event of an internal leak would be 120 scfh, whereas the normal flow as defined in
the Operating Instruction Manual is about 1/10th that at approximately 14 scfh.
2
Use of the analyzer case purge is at the customer’s discretion. It most likely is not
necessary since in the event of sample delivery interlock, the sample feed is blocked from
entering the chassis and the only open flow path through the system is dissipation of
remaining sample in the bypass, which would be vented externally, or in the event of an
internal leak, would be volumetrically insignificant.
3
The pneumatic control for the sample interlock and case purge valves is provided by an
internal 12 VDC solenoid.
92
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System
Figure 85: Hydrogen Service Safety System
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System
DF-745
93
1.18 [29.85]
~
~
~
~
~
3.07 [77.85]
~
3.07 [77.98]
5.44 [138.24]
.54 [13.70]
SAMPLE DELIVERY INTERLOCK VALVE
WITH 1/4" FEMALE VCR FITTING
CASE PURGE VALVE WITH
1/4" COMPRESSION FITTING
3.27 [82.93]
Figure 86: Pump Purge Option
94
Appendix B – Hydrogen Service Safety System
PUMP INLET
& OUTLET
1/4" COMPRESSION
13.25 [336.42]
14.50 [368.30]
Ø.44[Ø11.18]
4 PL
.63 [15.88]
1.00 [25.40]
7.55 [191.77]
1.25 [31.75]
2 PL
7.00 [177.80]
(2.68 [68.12])
PURGE VENT
1/4" COMPRESSION
16.68 [423.72]
ENCLOSURE SHALL NOT BE OPENED UNLESS THE AREA IS KNOWN TO
BE NON-HAZARDOUS OR UNLESS ALL DEVICES WITHIN HAVE BEEN
DEENERGIZED. AFTER ENCLOSURE HAS BEEN OPENED POWER SHALL
NOT BE RESTORED UNTIL THE ENCLOSURE HAS BEEN PURGED FOR
15 MINUTES AT 30 SCFH.
THIS ENCLOSURE IS PROTECTED BY PURGING
12.00 [304.80]
14.00 [355.60]
AC STRAIN RELIEF
FOR PUMP POWER
4.85 [123.29]
12.00 [304.80]
3.75 [95.25]
6.92 [175.76]
PUMP OUTLET
1/4" COMPRESSION
PURGE VENT
1/4" COMPRESSION
PUMP INLET
1/4" COMPRESSION
For explosion protection while
sampling combustible gas mixtures,
enclosure must be purged with an
inert gas (nitrogen perferred). Purge
enclosure for
before
applying electrical power. Set purge
Pump power
flow rate to
will be cut by the safety interlock if
purge flow drops below 26 scfh.
ENCLOSURE IS PROTECTED
BY A PURGE SYSTEM
1.25 [31.75]
5.50 [139.80]
11.60 [294.75]
6.12 [155.37]
5.31 [134.99]
3.48 [88.51]
4.72 [119.81]
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