KSW Guitar Course Step1
KINGSTARWORLD
GUITAR COURSE.
STEP ONE
__________________________________________________________________________________________
COMPLETE GUITAR COURSE
Content
MODULE I: Introduction to Music – Approximately ……………………… (Period)
Approach to practice
Music Fundamentals
Pitch

Keys

Flats, Sharps and Naturals
Rhythm

Rhythmic Values (Notes and Rests)
Music Notation
Intervals

Semitone/half tone

Full tone/whole tone

Greater intervals
Scales

Chromatic

Augmented

Diatonic
Chords and Arpeggios

Major chords

Minor chords

Dominant
MODULE II: Introduction to Guitar – Approximately ……………….………… (Period)
The Guitar parts
Maintenance of the Guitar
Positioning
Left and right hand placement and use
Guitar Keys
MODULE III: Scales at different positions ……………….…….………… (Period)

Chromatic

Augmented

Diatonic major

Diatonic Minor
MODULE IV: Guitar Chords – Approximately …….…………………… (Period)

Major chords

Minor chords

Dominant chords

Diminished chords
MODULE V: Chord Progressions – Approximately …….…………………… (Period)

I–V

I - IV

II – V - I

III – VI – II – V – I

Circle of 4ths (5ths)

Comping
MODULE VI: Guitar lines – Approximately …….…………………… (Period)

Arpeggios – Broken chords

Improvisation over chord progression

Guitar Riffs and embellishments

Scales revisited
MODULE VII: Workshop – Approximately …………………….…….………… (Period)

Song Study and workshops

Performance Advice: Finding keys, playing with a group, choice of Guitar, use
of effects
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MODULE II
INTRODUCTION TO THE GUITAR
Parts of the Guitar
Maintenance of the Guitar
o Wipe with dry piece of clothes after playing. This will prevent rusting of the strings
o Loosen the strings if guitar is not in use for a long time. Use the tuners
o Place guitar safely on a stand or in its case
o Replace rusted strings to avoid injury to the fingers; also for good tone
o Keep away from anyone who would turn the tuner indiscriminately
3
Guitar Lesson One - Getting Started
Sitting Positions
There are two sitting positions for holding the guitar; classical and casual.
1. Pick up the guitar and make sure that the guitar body is supported by your leg and
not the left hand.
2. Position yourself at the edge of your chair. Do not use arm chairs.
3. Ensure that your back is relaxed but straight.
4. Lean the guitar back towards you slightly.
Standing Position
1. Pick up the guitar and place the strap over your shoulder. Adjust the strap so that the
guitar is positioned around mid-body.
2. Rest your right hand over the bridge of the guitar.
Hand Positions
Left Hand
It is important that you relax your wrists and hands. Straining them can cause injury.
Front View
Rear View
4
Warning! Make sure that you never position your hand like this:
Your thumb should never be placed this low on the neck of the guitar as it puts
unnecessary strain on your wrist and thumb.
Right Hand
Holding the Pick
Pick (or platron) is used to pluck or strum the strings. Position the pick between thumb
and index fingers like in the diagram below:
The fingers of the right hand are also used alternatively to pluck or strum the guitar
strings. Often used are the index fingers and the thumb. In classical music all fingers
except the pinky are also used.
Fretting
When you play the guitar, you use your left hand fingers to press down the strings on
the fret board of the guitar and use your right hand to pluck or strum the stings around
the hole/bridge area of the guitar. Using your left hand to press the strings on the fret
board is called fretting. Here are some tips you will need to know:
1. Short fingernails are essential.
2. Use only the tips of your fingers to press the strings.
3. When making a chord, be sure that each fingertip is placed directly behind the fret
(We will cover chords later).
4. Check each string that it rings clearly and is not muted or buzzing.
As a beginner guitarist, it may hurt your fingers to play. This is normal. Every guitarist
starts this way for the first couple of weeks. With practice, you will develop ‘guitar
fingers’ (hard skin on your fingertips).
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Frets
The guitar neck is divided into what we call frets, making a fret
board. Most guitars have around 20 frets. The first four frets are
known as the first position. We number each fret starting at 1 at
the head of the guitar. Strings not depressed in any fret position
are referred to as open strings.
Each string on the guitar is numbered. When you hold your guitar
in playing position, the 1st string is at the bottom and the 6th
string is at the top.
Tuning refers to the notes that the guitar strings are tuned to. The
diagram gives a very common tuning called standard E tuning that
consists of the notes E, A, D, G, B, E. The open 6th string is called
low E. The open 1st string is called high E as it is two octaves
higher than the 6th string open E. Notes and octaves will be
explained later.
Guitar Keys
As studied in module I, there are 12 keys but 7 alphabets in music. These are
represented in the key cycle below.
The chat below gives the keys for different positions on the guitar board. Along each
string the letters follow alphabetically. Notice that there is no space between BC, and EF.
Thus they are each semi-tone intervals. All other keys are tone intervals. With this
information the student can label all the frets of each string. The natural keys have been
labelled below to spoon-feed the student. Fill in the blank frets with the appropriate
flats/sharps keys.
8 7
6 5
4 3
2
1
14 13 12 11 10 9
etc
F E
D
C B
A
G
F E
A
B
A
G
F E
D
C B
D
E
D
C
B
A
G
F E
G
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
A
C
B
A
G
F E
D
C B
F
E
D
C B
A
G
F E
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MODULE III
SCALES AT DIFFERENT POSITIONS
Scales are musical partway. They are series of notes arranged in a particular format,
from the starting note called the Root to the ending note usually an octave away.
Chromatic Scale
This is a series of semi-tone. Playing all the 12 keys in sequence gives a chromatic scale.
The Tablatures (Tab, for short) below show chromatic scale at different positions.
CHROMATIC SCALE EXERCISES
1. Single string
1 E---0--1--2--3--4--5--6--7--8--9--10--11--12-------
You can do same on other strings.
First Position.
2. Ascending: Starting from low E string.
1
2
3
4
5
6
E-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------0--1--2--3--4-----B--------------------------------------------------------------------0--1--2--3--4----------------------G------------------------------------------------------0--1--2--3---------------------------------------D-------------------------------------0--1--2--3--4-----------------------------------------------------A--------------------0--1--2--3--4----------------------------------------------------------------------E---0--1--2--3--4----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Descending: Starting from Hi E string
1
2
3
4
5
6
E---4--3--2--1--0--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B--------------------4--3--2--1--0---------------------------------------------------------------------G-------------------------------------3--2--1--0-------------------------------------------------------D---------------------------------------------------4--3--2--1--0--------------------------------------A--------------------------------------------------------------------4--3--2--1--0---------------------E-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4--3--2--1--0-----
4. Other Positions
For other positions, the same pattern (given below) is used.
Starting from Key A on the low E string
1
2
3
4
5
6
E------------------------------------------------------------------------1--2--3--4-------------------B----------------------------------------------------------2--3--4--5--------------------------------G--------------------------------------------2--3--4--5----------------------------------------------D------------------------------3--4--5--6------------------------------------------------------------A----------------4--5--6--7--------------------------------------------------------------------------E---5--6--7--8----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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