nursery and landscape cde

nursery and landscape cde
Nursery and Landscape CDE
NURSERY AND
LANDSCAPE CDE
PURPOSE
The Nursery and Landscape Career Development Event is
designed to stimulate learning activities related to nursery
practices and landscaping including the identification of plants,
insects, and diseases.
ELIGIBILITY
The participant must be an active member of a chartered Florida
FFA Chapter and enrolled in grades 9, 10, 11, or 12. Each chapter
may enter one team of four individuals. Only the top three scores
will be calculated for the team total.
EVENT PROCEDURES
1. Contestants should bring a clipboard and #2 pencils.
2. Absolutely no talking will be tolerated during the contest.
Any contestants violating this rule will have their cards taken
up and will be disqualified.
3. No FFA advisors/coaches will be allowed in the area of
the contest, but arrangements will be made to view the
specimens directly following the last rotation.
4. FFA members must be in official dress, appropriate to the
contest, and will be scored accordingly.
EVENT PRACTICUMS
IDENTIFICATION PRACTICUM
PLANT, PEST & TOOL IDENTIFICATION
Each student will demonstrate their ability to properly identify
plants, pests and tools related to Florida’s floriculture industry.
The identification portion of this event will include 30 plants, 15
pests, and 15 tools. Plants, pests and tools may be presented live
or in picture form.
■■
■■
■■
■■
■■
■■
■■
Proper safety procedures
Personal Protection Equipment (PPEs)
Reading product labels and MSDS sheets
Spill containment and disposal
Laws regulating pesticides and hazardous materials
Poisonous plants, insects and other animals
First aid
EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE (ODD YEARS)
This practicum looks at the maintenance and operation of common
equipment used in a nursery or landscape business. Utilizing the
manufacturer’s user’s manuals and the students’ studies in plant
care, they will determine the most appropriate solutions to the
problems, addressing these items:
■■ Proper safety procedures
■■ Following instructions in equipment user’s manuals
■■ Equipment operation and maintenance
■■ Turfgrass management
■■ Plant maintenance
■■ Grades and Standards for Nursery Stock
IDENTIFYING AND CONTROLLING PLANT DISORDERS
(EVEN YEARS)
Students will be presented with a variety of plant disorders that
could occur in a nursery or in the landscape. The disorders could
be caused by insects, disease, weeds, improper care or nutrient
deficiency. The student will determine the most appropriate
solutions to the problems, addressing these items:
■■ Diagnosis of problems
■■ Prescription of treatments
■■ Identification of pests
■■ Integrated Pest Management
■■ Reading product labels and MSDS sheets
■■ Florida Friendly Principles
■■ Plant Use (Right Plant Right Place)
CUSTOMER SERVICE (EVEN YEARS)
PROBLEM SOLVING PRACTICUMS
Problem Solving Practicums are written exams that require
the students to use their knowledge of horticulture to determine
the best solution to the situations presented to them. They will
answer questions in a multiple choice format. Two (2) of the
following problem solving practicums will be part of the event each
year.
HANDLING A HAZARDOUS SITUATION (ODD YEARS)
Students will be presented with a variety of hazardous situations
that could develop in a nursery or landscape business. They
will determine the most appropriate solutions to the problems,
addressing these items:
■■ Best Management Practices for the Protection of Water
Resources
■■ Best Management Practices for Florida Nurseries
134 CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENT HANDBOOK
This practicum focuses on customer service as it applies to sales,
service and employee relations within a nursery or landscape
operation. Students will determine the most appropriate solutions
to the situations presented, addressing these items:
■■ Effective customer communication, on the phone, in
person and in the written word
■■ Presenting yourself in an appropriate manner, in speech
and in actions
■■ Salesmanship
■■ Business issues
■■ Product displays in retail nurseries
■■ Safety
■■ Teamwork
Nursery and Landscape CDE
SCORING
SKILLS PRACTICUMS
Live Practicums are hands-on events where students
demonstrate their skills in nursery- and landscape-related activities.
The students may be in a classroom setting evaluating a landscape
plan or in the field assessing plant material. Answers could be in
a multiple choice format, true/false, matching or may be directly
evaluated by the judges. Two (2) of the following live practicums
will be part of the event each year.
LANDSCAPE INTERPRETATIONS (ODD YEARS)
Practicum
Activity
Individual
Team
Identification
Plants
300
900
Identification
Pests
150
450
Identification
Tools
150
450
Problem Solving (Odd
Years)
Handling a
Hazardous
Situation
200
600
Problem Solving (Even
Years)
Identifying &
Controlling
Plant
Disorders
200
600
Problem Solving (Even
Years)
Customer
Assistance
200
600
Problem Solving (Odd
Years)
Equipment
Maintenance
200
600
Skills (Odd Years)
Landscape
Interpret.
200
600
Skills (Odd Years)
Pruning
200
600
Students will be provided with a landscape plan, notes and plant
list. They will then answer questions based on the plan. Questions
could ask the type of mulch, the number of trees, the types of
flowers and whether the appropriate plants were included. Many
questions will require math, such as determining how much mulch
or edging is required, the cost of plants installed or how many
trees or shrubs of a certain variety have been included.
■■ Reading a plan (north arrow, scale, title block, plant list,
landscape notes)
■■ Understanding scale
■■ Florida Friendly Principles
■■ Plant use
■■ Cost estimating
Skills (Even Years)
Plan Layout
200
600
Skills (Even Years)
Job
Evaluation
200
600
PRUNING (ODD YEARS)
Official Dress
50
150
This practicum takes the students outside to actually evaluate trees
and plants. Students must identify the different parts of a tree and
be able to recognize proper pruning techniques.
■■ Tree Parts Identification
■■ Plant Parts Identification
■■ Pruning Tool Identification
■■ Florida Grades and Standards for Nursery Plants
■■ Proper pruning for plant health
Total
1,450
4,350
JOB EVALUATION (EVEN YEARS)
This practicum introduces the student to an actual landscape site
that they will walk through and assess. Students will be provided
with a landscape plan, plant list and landscape notes for the
site. They will identify errors in the landscaped site based on the
specifications of the landscape plan. This practicum builds on
the skills demonstrated in the Landscape Evaluation Practicum.
Students must be aware of how a plan looks on paper, and then
looks in a landscape. They will want to look for plant quantities,
types and colors. They should also be aware of hardscapes and
mulch and general quality of installation.
■■ Reading a plan (north arrow, scale, title block, plant list,
landscape notes)
■■ Plant use
■■ Proper installation procedures
PLAN LAYOUT (EVEN YEARS)
■■
(New Practicum will be introduced in 2016)
TIE BREAKERS
Ties will be broken using the following procedure, unless
otherwise noted by the CDE Coordinator. In breaking a tie for a
team the drop score will be used first, followed by team written
exam total, and then by team placing class total. Individual ties
will be broken by oral reasons first, followed by written exam, and
then by a single placing class (chosen by CDE Coordinator). If any
of these are absent from a CDE, (ie. oral reasons, written exam,
etc), then the next highest point practicum will be used.
AWARDS
Awards will be presented at an awards ceremony. Awards are
presented to teams as well as individuals based upon their
rankings. Awards are sponsored by a cooperating industry
sponsor(s) as a special project and/or by the general fund of the
Florida FFA Foundation.
REFERENCES
This list of references is not intended to be inclusive. Other
sources may be utilized and teachers are encouraged to make
use of the very best instructional materials available. The
following list contains references that may prove helpful during
event preparation.
■■ FNGLA Certified Horticulture Professional Manual, 8th
Edition 2010. Florida Nursery Growers and Landscape
FLORIDA FFA ASSOCIATION 135
Nursery and Landscape CDE
■■
■■
■■
■■
■■
■■
Association, 1533 Park Center Drive, Orlando, FL 32835,
800-375-3642 or www.fngla.org
The Florida Yards & Neighborhoods Handbook,
2009. Florida Yards & Neighborhoods, University of
Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/
IFAS), Environmental Horticulture Dept., P.O. Box 110675,
Gainesville, FL 32611-0675, 352-273-4518 http://ffl.ifas.
ufl.edu/materials/FYN-Handbook-v1-2012.pdf
Florida Friendly Best Management Practices for
Protection of Water Resources in Florida by the Green
Industries, 2008. Florida Department of Environmental
Protection Nonpoint Source Management Section, 850245-7508 http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/GIBMP_Manual_
WEB_2_17_11.pdf
Water Quality/Quantity Best Management Practices
for Florida Nurseries, 2014. Florida Department of
Agriculture & Consumer Services, Tallahassee, Fla.
850-617-1700 http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/
download/37570/848371/NurseryBMP.pdf
Florida Grades and Standard for Nursery Plants.
Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer
Services, Tallahassee, Fla. 1-888-397-1517 http://www.
freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/
Plant-Industry-Publications
American Standard for Nursery Stock. ANSI Z60.1–2004,
copyright 2004 ISBN 1-890148-06-7. American Nursery
and Landscape Association (Now American Hort) at 614487-1117 http://americanhort.org/documents/nursery_
stock_standards_AmericanHort_2004.pdf
Landscape Plants powerpoints website by University
of Florida’s Dr. Ed Gilman http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/woody/
powerpoints.shtml
136 CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENT HANDBOOK
NURSERY & LANDSCAPE
FFa JudGING card
Form #005-2015
CHAPTER
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PLANT IDENTIFICATION
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Use a pencil to completely fill in circles. Be sure to
erase completely to change your answer.
1
The use of electronic devices is prohibited during the
event. Only approved calculators may be used as
permitted.
NAME
No talking is allowed during the event. Please notify
your group leader with any concerns.
EVENT
Copyright © 2015 Florida FFA Association. All rights reserved. Do not duplicate without written consent.
NURSERY & LANDSCAPE
FFa JudGING card
Form #005-2015
CHAPTER
ID NUMBER
PEST & DISORDER IDENTIFICATION
*SAMPLE*
GROUP NUMBER
TOOL IDENTIFICATION
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Use a pencil to completely fill in circles. Be sure to
erase completely to change your answer.
1
The use of electronic devices is prohibited during the
event. Only approved calculators may be used as
permitted.
NAME
No talking is allowed during the event. Please notify
your group leader with any concerns.
EVENT
Copyright © 2015 Florida FFA Association. All rights reserved. Do not duplicate without written consent.
NURSERY & LANDSCAPE
FFa JudGING card
Form #005-2015
CHAPTER
ID NUMBER
EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
*SAMPLE*
GROUP NUMBER
HAZARDOUS SITUATION
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Use a pencil to completely fill in circles. Be sure to
erase completely to change your answer.
1
The use of electronic devices is prohibited during the
event. Only approved calculators may be used as
permitted.
NAME
No talking is allowed during the event. Please notify
your group leader with any concerns.
EVENT
Copyright © 2015 Florida FFA Association. All rights reserved. Do not duplicate without written consent.
NURSERY & LANDSCAPE
FFa JudGING card
Form #005-2015
CHAPTER
ID NUMBER
LANDSCAPE INTERPRETATIONS
*SAMPLE*
GROUP NUMBER
PRUNING
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10
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20
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Use a pencil to completely fill in circles. Be sure to
erase completely to change your answer.
1
The use of electronic devices is prohibited during the
event. Only approved calculators may be used as
permitted.
NAME
No talking is allowed during the event. Please notify
your group leader with any concerns.
EVENT
Copyright © 2015 Florida FFA Association. All rights reserved. Do not duplicate without written consent.
A
Juniperus virginiana
Southern Red Cedar
Crape Myrtle
A
Abelia x grandiflora
Glossy Abelia
B
Lagerstroemia indica
B
Acalypha wilkesiana
Copperleaf
C
Ligustrum japonicum
Japanese Privet
C
Acca sellowiana
Pineapple Guava / Feijoa
D
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum
D
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
E
Liriope muscari
Liriope
E
Ajuga reptans
Bugleweed
A
Magnolia grandiflora
Southern Magnolia
A
Allamanda cathartica
Allamanda
B
Mangifera indica
Mango
B
Antirrhinum majus
Snapdragon
C
Melaleuca viminalis
Weeping Bottlebrush
C
Betula nigra
River Birch
D
Muhlenbergia capillaris
Muhly Grass
D
Bismarckia nobilis
Bismark Palm
E
Myrica cerifera
Wax Myrtle
E
Bougainvillea spp.
Bougainvillea
A
Nandina domestica ‘Firepower’
Dwarf Nandina
A
Breynia disticha
Snowbush
B
Nerium oleander
Oleander
B
Buxus microphylla
Boxwood
C
Paspalum notatum
Bahiagrass
Pelargonium x hortorum
Geranium
C
Caladium x hortulanum
Caladium
D
D
Camellia japonica
Common camellia
E
Pennisetum ruppelia
Fountain Grass
E
Cercis Canadensis
Eastern Redbud
Chamaerops humilis
European Fan Palm
A
Heartleaf Philodendron
A
Philodendron scandens
oxycardium
B
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Areca Palm
B
Phoenix canariensis
Canary Island Date Palm
Chrysobalanus icaco
Cocoplum
C
Pinus elliottii
Slash Pine
D
Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Satinleaf
D
Pittosporum tobira
Japanese Pittosporum
E
Coccoloba uvifera
Sea Grape
E
Plantanus occidentalis
Sycamore
A
Codiaeum variegatum
Croton
A
Plumbago auriculata
Plumbago
Plumeria rubra
Frangipani
C
B
Conocarpus erectus var.
sericeus
Silver Buttonwood
B
C
Podocarpus macrophyllus
Yew Podocarpus
C
Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood
D
Pyracantha coccinea
Red Firethorn
D
Cuphea hyssopifolia
False Heather
E
Quercus virginana
Live Oak
E
Cupressocyparis leylandii
Leyland Cypress
A
Raphiolepis indica
Indian Hawthorne
A
Cycas spp.
Sago Palm
B
Rhapis excelsa
Lady Palm
B
Cynodon dactylon
Bermuda Grass
C
Rhododendron spp.
Azalea
C
Cyrtomium falcatum
Holly Fern
D
Sabal palmetto
Cabbage Palm
D
Eremochloa ophiuroides
Centipedegrass
E
Serenoa repens
Saw Palmetto
E
Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat
A
Spiraea cantoniensis
Bridal Wreath Spirea
A
Euphorbia milii
Crown of Thorns
B
Stenotaphrum secundatum
St. Augustine Grass
B
Ficus benjamina
Benjamin Fig
C
Swietenia mahagoni
Mahogany
C
Ficus elastica ‘Decora’
Indian Rubber Plant
D
Syagrus romanzoffiana
Queen Palm
D
Gardenia augusta
Gardenia
E
Tagetes spp.
Marigold
E
Gelsenium sempervirens
Carolina Yellow Jasmine
A
Taxodium distichum
Bald Cypress
A
Gordonia lasianthus
Loblolly Bay
B
Tibouchina urvilleana
Princess Flower
B
Hemerocallis spp.
Day Lily
C
Trachelosperum asiaticum
Asian Jasmine
D
Trachelosperum jasminoides
Confederate Jasmine
C
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus
D
Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf Hydrangea
E
Tripsacum floridana
Dwarf Fakahatchee Grass
E
Ilex cornuta ‘Burfordii Nana’
Dwarf Burford Holly
A
Tulbaghia violacea
Society Garlic
A
Ilex cornuta ‘Rotunda’
Rotunda Holly
B
Ulmus parvifolia ‘Drake’
Drake Elm
Japanese Holly
C
Verbena x hybrida
Verbena
B
Ilex crenata
C
Ilex vomitoria ‘Nana’
Dwarf Yaupon Holly
D
Viburnum odoratissimum
Sweet Viburnum
D
Ilex x attenuate ‘East Palatka’
East Palatka Holly
E
Viburnum suspensum
Sandankwa Viburnum
E
Illicium parviflorum
Ocala Anise
A
Vinca major
Periwinkle
A
Illicium floridanum
Florida Anise
B
Washingtonia robusta
Washington Palm
B
Juniperus chinensis ‘Torulosa’
Hollywood Juniper
C
Wisteria sinesis
Chinese Wisteria
C
Juniperus conferta
Blue Pacific Juniper
D
Zamia pumila
Coontie
D
Juniperus davurica ‘Parsonii’
Parsoni Juniper
E
Zoysia spp.
Zoysiagrass
E
Juniperus horizontalis
Creeping Juniper
Copyright © 2015 Florida FFA Association. All rights reserved. Do not duplicate without written consent.
No talking is allowed during the event. Please notify
your group leader with any concerns.
COMMON NAME
Use a pencil to completely fill in circles. Be sure to
erase completely to change your answer.
BOTANICAL NAME
The use of electronic devices is prohibited during the
event. Only approved calculators may be used as
permitted.
PLANT SPECIMEN LIST
PEST & DISORDER SPECIMEN LIST
C
Sooty Mold
A
Leafminer
E
White Fly
D
Stem Canker of Roses
B
Leaf-footed Plant Bug
A
White Grub
C
Mealybug
D
Mole Cricket
B
Frost Damage
Bagworm
E
Oleander Caterpillar
C
Iron Deficiency
Black Scale
A
Palmetto Weevil
D
Magnesium Deficiency
C
Black widow spider
B
Root Knot Nematode
E
Nitrogen Deficiency
D
Brown recluse spider
C
Snails or Slugs
A
Sunburn
B
Air Potato Vine
Assassin Bug
B
Lace Wing
C
Lady Beetle
E
Aphid
D
Parasitic Wasp
A
E
Praying Mantid
B
DISEASE
A
Azalea Petal Blight
INSECT
PHYSIOLOGICAL
B
Black Spot of Rose
E
Chinch Bug
D
Snow Scale
C
Cercospora Leaf Spot
A
Cicada
E
Sod Webworm
WEED
D
Dollar Spot of Turf
B
Cottony Cushion Scale
A
Soft Brown Scale
C
Dollar Weed
E
Fairy Ring
C
Earwig
B
Spider Mite
D
Mistletoe
A
Galls
D
Eastern Tent Caterpillar
C
Spittle Bug
E
Nutsedge
B
Ganoderma Butt Rot
E
Fall Webworm
D
Stink Bug
A
Poison Ivy
C
Gray Leaf Spot
A
Florida Red Scale
E
Tea Scale
B
Spurge
D
Mushroom Root Rot
B
Grasshopper
A
Thorn Bug
C
Virginia Creeper
E
Oakleaf Blister
C
Katydid
B
Thrips
D
Wood Sorrel
A
Poinsettia Scab
D
Lacebug
C
Twig Girdler
B
Rust
E
Leaf Hopper
D
Wax Scale
The use of electronic devices is prohibited during the
event. Only approved calculators may be used as
permitted.
BENEFICIAL
A
2-cycle oil
A
Gas mask
A
Mulches
A
Safety goggles
B
Anvil-and-blade pruner
B
Grafting band
B
Nematode assay kit
B
Sand
C
Architects scale
C
Grafting tool
C
Nursery containers
C
Scoop shovel
D
Back back sprayer
D
Granular fertilizer
D
Oscillating sprinkler
D
Shade fabric
E
Ball cart (B&B truck)
E
Grass shears
E
Peat moss
E
Sharpening stone
A
Bench grinder
A
Gravity (drop) spreader
A
Perlite
A
Siphon proportioner
B
Bow saw
B
Grease gun
B
pH tester
B
Soaker hose
C
Broadcast (cyclone)
spreader
C
Hearing protection
C
Pitchfork
C
Soil sampling tube
D
Hedge shears
D
Pole pruner
D
Solenoid valve
D
Burlap
E
Hoe
E
Polyethylene film
E
Spark plug gap gauge
E
Chain saw
A
Hook-and-blade pruners
A
Polyethylene pipe
A
Sphagnum moss
A
Chaps
B
Hose-end repair fitting
B
Pony shovel
B
Spray suit
B
Compressed air sprayer
C
Hose-end sprayer
C
Pop-up irrigation head
C
String trimmer
C
Drip emitter, irrigation
D
Hose-end washer
D
Power blower
D
Tape measure
D
Dust mask
E
Hose repair coupling
E
Propagation mat
E
Thatch rake
E
Edger
A
Impulse sprinkler
A
Pruning saw
A
Tie down straps
A
Edging
B
Inverted paint marker
Timeclock
Emergency Triangles
C
Landscape fabric (mulch)
B
B
B
PVC (polyvinylchloride)
pipe
C
Topsoil
C
Engineers scale
D
Leaf rake
C
Rain gear
D
Tree caliper
D
Erosion netting
E
Loppers
D
Rain sensor
E
Tree sling
E
Fertilizer label
A
Measuring wheel
E
Reel mower
A
Tree wrap
A
Fertilizer tablet
B
Metric sockets
A
Resin-coated fertilizer
B
T-square
B
First aid kit
C
Mist nozzle (mist bed)
B
Respirator
C
Vermiculite
C
Frost cloth
D
Mower blade balancer
C
Rope caribiners
D
Verticut mower
D
Galvanized pipe
E
MSDS sheet
D
Rotary mower
E
Water breaker
E
Garden rake
E
Rototiller
Copyright © 2015 Florida FFA Association. All rights reserved. Do not duplicate without written consent.
Use a pencil to completely fill in circles. Be sure to
erase completely to change your answer.
A
No talking is allowed during the event. Please notify
your group leader with any concerns.
TOOL SPECIMEN LIST
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