Brother 888-X11 Instruction manual

GETTING READY
SEWING BASICS
UTILITY STITCHES
APPENDIX
Operation Manual
Computerized Sewing Machine
Product Code: 888-V11
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these safety instructions before attempting to use the machine.
DANGER - To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using, when cleaning,
when making any user servicing adjustments mentioned in this manual, or if you are leaving the
machine unattended.
WARNING - To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
2 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when making any adjustments mentioned
in the instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off, then grasp
the plug and pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet. Do not use an extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the power is cut.
3 Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or water is spilled on the unit. Return the machine to the nearest
authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
While the machine is stored or in use if you notice anything unusual, such as an odor, heat,
discoloration or deformation, stop using the machine immediately and unplug the power cord.
When transporting the sewing machine, be sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting the sewing
machine by any other part may damage the machine or result in the machine falling, which could
cause injuries.
When lifting the sewing machine, be careful not to make any sudden or careless movements,
otherwise you may injure your back or knees.
1
4 Always keep your work area clear:
• Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
sewing machine and foot control free from the build up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
• Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat source, such as a stove or iron; otherwise, the machine,
power cord or garment being sewn may ignite, resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this sewing machine on an unstable surface, such as an unsteady or slanted table,
otherwise the sewing machine may fall, resulting in injuries.
5 Special care is required when sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the needle. Do not use bent or damaged needles.
• Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
• Switch the sewing machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off when making any adjustments
in the needle area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect needle plate, as it could cause the needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when sewing, and follow careful instruction when freehand stitching
so that you do not deflect the needle and cause it to break.
6 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.
• The plastic bag that this sewing machine was supplied in should be kept out of the reach of
children or disposed of. Never allow children to play with the bag due to the danger of
suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
7 For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet,
needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
2
8 For repair or adjustment:
• If the Light unit (light-emitting diode) is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized dealer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table
in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem
persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer.
Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information, visit our web site at www.brother.com
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
This machine is intended for household use.
This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children)
with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities, or lack of
experience and knowledge, unless they have been given supervision or
instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person responsible for
their safety. Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not
play with the appliance.
This appliance can be used by children aged from 8 years and above
and persons with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities or
lack of experience and knowledge if they have been given supervision
or instruction concerning use of the appliance in a safe way and
understand the hazards involved. Children shall not play with the
appliance. Cleaning and user maintenance shall not be made by
children without supervision.
3
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
IMPORTANT
• In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the
mark, rating as marked on plug.
• Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted.
• If the available electrical outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, you
should contact your authorized dealer to obtain the correct lead.
4
5
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Contents
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................... 1
Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 8
Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions ..................................................................... 8
Machine ............................................................................................................................................................ 8
Needle and presser foot section ...................................................................................................................... 9
Operation buttons ............................................................................................................................................. 9
Operation panel .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Flat bed attachment ....................................................................................................................................... 10
Accessories ........................................................................................................................ 11
Included accessories ...................................................................................................................................... 11
Optional accessories ...................................................................................................................................... 12
1. GETTING READY ..........................................................................................13
Turning the Machine On/Off ............................................................................................. 13
Power supply precautions .............................................................................................................................. 13
Turning on the machine ................................................................................................................................. 14
Turning off the machine ................................................................................................................................. 14
Preparing for Upper and Lower Threading ........................................................................ 15
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 15
Installing the bobbin ....................................................................................................................................... 18
Threading the upper thread ............................................................................................................................ 20
Using the twin needle ..................................................................................................................................... 25
Replacing the Needle ........................................................................................................ 27
Needle precautions ........................................................................................................................................ 27
Needle types and their uses ........................................................................................................................... 28
Checking the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 29
Replacing the needle ..................................................................................................................................... 29
Replacing the Presser Foot ................................................................................................ 31
Presser foot precautions ................................................................................................................................ 31
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................. 31
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................. 32
Using the optional walking foot ...................................................................................................................... 33
Useful Functions ................................................................................................................ 35
Changing the needle stop position ................................................................................................................. 35
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces .................................................................................... 36
Stitching cylindrical pieces ............................................................................................................................. 36
Sewing large pieces of fabric ......................................................................................................................... 36
2. SEWING BASICS ...........................................................................................39
Starting to Sew .................................................................................................................. 39
Sewing procedure .......................................................................................................................................... 39
Selecting a stitch ............................................................................................................................................ 40
Adjusting the stitch length and width .............................................................................................................. 40
Positioning the fabric ...................................................................................................................................... 41
Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................... 42
Securing the stitching ..................................................................................................................................... 44
Cutting the thread ........................................................................................................................................... 46
Automatically sewing reverse/reinforcement stitches .................................................................................... 46
Adjusting the thread tension ........................................................................................................................... 47
Useful Sewing Tips ............................................................................................................ 48
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 48
6
Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................... 48
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................ 48
Sewing thick fabrics ....................................................................................................................................... 48
Sewing thin fabrics ......................................................................................................................................... 49
Sewing stretch fabrics .................................................................................................................................... 49
Sewing hook-and-loop fastener ..................................................................................................................... 50
Pulling up the bobbin thread .......................................................................................................................... 50
3. UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................51
Overcasting ....................................................................................................................... 51
Sewing overcasting stitches using zigzag foot “J” .......................................................................................... 52
Sewing overcasting stitches using overcasting foot “G” ................................................................................. 52
Basic Stitching ...................................................................................................................53
Blind Hem Stitching .......................................................................................................... 54
Buttonhole Stitching .......................................................................................................... 56
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 59
Zipper Insertion ................................................................................................................. 62
Inserting a centered zipper ............................................................................................................................. 62
Inserting a side zipper .................................................................................................................................... 63
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape ............................................................................ 66
Stretch stitching .............................................................................................................................................. 66
Elastic attaching ............................................................................................................................................. 66
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching .......................................................................... 68
Appliqué stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 68
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 69
Fagoting ......................................................................................................................................................... 69
Free-motion quilting ....................................................................................................................................... 70
Reinforcement Stitching .................................................................................................... 72
Triple stretch stitching .................................................................................................................................... 72
Bar tack stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 73
Using the side cutter (optional) ...................................................................................................................... 75
4. APPENDIX .....................................................................................................79
Stitch Settings .................................................................................................................... 79
Utility stitches ................................................................................................................................................. 79
Maintenance ...................................................................................................................... 81
Restrictions on oiling ...................................................................................................................................... 81
Cleaning the machine surface ........................................................................................................................ 81
Cleaning the race ........................................................................................................................................... 81
Removing the needle plate ............................................................................................................................ 82
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................ 83
Frequent troubleshooting topics ..................................................................................................................... 83
Upper thread tightened up ............................................................................................................................. 83
Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric .......................................................................................................... 84
Incorrect thread tension ................................................................................................................................. 86
Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed ............................................................................... 87
When the thread became tangled under the bobbin winder seat ................................................................... 90
List of symptoms ............................................................................................................................................ 92
Error Messages .................................................................................................................. 96
Operation Beep ................................................................................................................. 97
Index ................................................................................................................................. 98
7
Introduction
Thank you for choosing this product. Before using this sewing machine, carefully read “Important Safety
Instructions”, and then study this manual for the correct operation of the various functions. In addition, after you
have finished reading this manual, store it where it can quickly be accessed for future reference.
Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions
Machine
a Bobbin winder (page 15)
Use the bobbin winder when winding the bobbin.
b Spool pin (page 15, 20)
Place a spool of thread on the spool pin.
c Thread tension dial (page 47)
Use the thread tension dial to adjust the tension of the
upper thread.
d Bobbin-winding thread guide and pretension disc
(page 15)
Pass the thread under this thread guide and around the
pretension disc when winding the bobbin thread.
e Thread take-up lever (page 23)
Slide the thread into the thread take-up lever from the
right side of slot to the left side of slot.
f Thread cutter (page 46)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
g Flat bed attachment (page 10, 11, 36)
Store presser feet and bobbins in the flat bed
attachment. Remove the flat bed attachment when
sewing cylindrical pieces such as sleeve cuffs.
h Operation buttons and sewing speed controller
(page 9)
Use these buttons and the slide to operate the sewing
machine.
i Operation panel (page 10)
Use to select stitches and various other stitch settings.
j Pattern selection dial (page 40)
Use to select the pattern to sew.
8
k Pattern display window
This window shows the selected stitch pattern and the
letter indicating the presser foot to be used.
l Handwheel
Turn the handwheel toward you to sew one stitch or to
raise or lower the needle.
m Main power switch (page 14)
Use this switch to turn the sewing machine on and off.
n Power supply jack (page 14)
Insert the plug on the power cord into the power supply
jack.
o Foot controller jack (page 43)
Insert the plug on the end of the foot controller cable
into the foot controller jack.
p Feed dog position switch (page 70)
Use this switch to lower the feed dogs.
q Presser foot lever (page 20)
Raise and lower this lever to raise and lower the presser
foot.
r Thread guide (page 16)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
s Thread guide cover (page 16)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
t Air vent
This vent allows the air surrounding the motor to
circulate.
u Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle when
transporting the machine.
Needle and presser foot section
a Needle threader lever
Use the needle threader to thread the needle.
b Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
c Presser foot holder
The presser foot is attached to the presser foot holder.
d Presser foot holder screw
Use the presser foot holder screw to hold the presser
foot holder in place.
e Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure to the fabric during
sewing. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the
selected stitch.
f Needle plate cover
Remove the needle plate cover to clean the bobbin case
and race.
g Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric.
h Quick-set bobbin
Begin sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread.
i Bobbin cover
Remove the bobbin cover and then insert the bobbin
into the bobbin case.
j Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides to help sew
straight seams.
k Needle bar thread guide
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread
guide.
l Presser foot lever
Raise and lower this lever to raise and lower the presser
foot.
m Needle clamp screw
Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
a Start/stop button
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a low speed at the beginning of sewing
while the button is continuously pressed. When sewing
is stopped, the needle is lowered into the fabric. For
details, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 42).
b Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches or reinforcement stitches. Reverse
stitches are sewn by keeping the button pressed down to
sew in the opposite direction. Reinforcement stitches
are sewn by sewing 3 to 5 stitches on top of each other.
For details, refer to“Securing the stitching” (page 44).
c Needle position button
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Pressing the button twice sews one stitch.
d Sewing speed controller
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or right to
adjust the sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to reduce
the sewing speed, or slide the speed controller to the
right to increase the sewing speed.
9
Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front of the
sewing machine, allows you to select a stitch and
specify how the stitch will be sewn.
a LCD (liquid crystal display)
Error messages (1), the stitch length (mm) (2), and the
stitch width (mm) (3) are displayed here.
b Stitch length key (page 40)
Use to adjust the length of the stitch. (Press the “–” side
for a shorter stitch length, or press the “+” side for a
longer stitch length.)
c Stitch width key (page 41)
Use to adjust the width of the stitch. (Press the “–” side
for a more narrow stitch width, or press the “+” side for
a wider stitch width.)
d Automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key (page 46)
The sewing machine can be set to automatically sew
reverse or reinforcement stitches at the beginning and
end of the stitching.
10
Flat bed attachment
The accessories are stored in the storage space in the
flat bed attachment.
Swing the lid of the flat bed attachment
a toward you to open the storage space.
a
b
a Flat bed attachment
b Accessory compartment
X The bag of accessories is in the storage
space.
Note
● Place the accessories in the bag before
storing them in the flat bed attachment. If the
accessories are not placed in the accessory
bag when stored in the flat bed attachment,
accessories may fall out and be lost or
damaged.
Accessories
After opening the box, check that the following accessories are included. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your dealer.
Included accessories
The following items should also be included in the box.
Note
● The screw for the presser foot holder is available
through your authorized dealer.
(Part code: XA4813-051)
1.
10.
2.
11.
18.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
9.*
* 75/11 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
100/16 1 needle
No.
1
2
3
Part Name
5
6
7
Buttonhole foot “A”
Overcasting foot “G”
Zipper foot “I”
Zigzag foot “J”
(on machine)
Blind stitch foot “R”
Button fitting foot “M”
Seam ripper
8
Bobbin (4)
9
10
11
12
Needle set
Twin needle
Cleaning brush
Screwdriver (large)
4
Part Code
Americas
Others
XC2691-033
XE6305-101
X59370-021
XC3021-051
XE2650-001
XE2643-001
XZ5082-001
SFB
SA156
(XA5539-151)
XC8834-021
X59296-121
X59476-021
XC8349-021
No.
Part Name
Part Code
Americas
Others
130012-024
XE1372-001
130013-124
XE2241-001
XA5523-020
XD0501-121 (EU area)
XC8816-021 (other area)
XE2430-201
13
14
15
16
17
Spool cap (large)
Spool cap (medium)
Spool cap (small)
Extra spool pin
Spool net
18
Foot controller
19
Operation manual
20
Quick reference guide
XE2429-001
21
22
23
Accessory bag
Disc-shaped screwdriver
Soft case
XC4487-021
XC1074-051
XC1103-022
11
Optional accessories
The following are available as optional accessories to be purchased separately.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Part Code
Americas
Others
F054
Side cutter
SA177 (XC3879-152)
Quilting guide
SA132 F016N
(XC2215-052)
Wide table
SA552 WT8
(XE2472-001)
F033N
Walking foot
SA140
(XC2214-052)
F005N
Quilting foot
SA129
(XC1948-052)
F036N
Adjustable zipper/piping foot SA161 (XC1970-052)
Part Name
No.
Part Name
7
Non stick foot
8
Open toe foot
9
Stitch guide foot “P”
10 1/4 inch quilting foot
1/4 inch quilting foot with
11 guide
Part Code
Americas
Others
F007N
SA114 (XC1949-052)
SA186 F060
(XE1094-101)
SA147 F027N
(XC1964-052)
F035N
SA160
(XC1969-052)
F001N
SA125
(XC1944-052)
F057
SA185 (XC7416-252)
Memo
● To obtain optional accessories or parts, contact the nearest authorized dealership.
● All specifications are correct at the time of printing. The part codes are subject to change without
notice.
● Visit your Brother dealer for a complete listing of optional accessories available for your machine.
12
1 GETTING READY
1
Turning the Machine On/Off
This section explains how to turn the sewing machine on and off.
Power supply precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
WARNING
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may
result in fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and
the power supply jack on the machine.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
•
•
•
•
•
When you are away from the machine
After using the machine
When the power fails during use
When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
During electrical storms
CAUTION
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to
them. Fire or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to
remove it from the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric
shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted,
or bundled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These
things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged,
take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may
result.
13
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Turning on the machine
Prepare the included power cord.
Make sure that the sewing machine is turned
”),
and then plug the power cord into the power
supply jack on the right side of the machine.
a off (the main power switch is set to “
Insert the plug of the power cord into a
b household electrical outlet.
Turning off the machine
When you are finished using the sewing machine,
turn it off. In addition, before transporting the sewing
machine to another location, be sure to turn it off.
a
Make sure that the machine is not sewing.
b the right side of the machine (set it to “
Press the left side of the main power switch on
”).
X The sewing lamp and the LCD go off
when the machine is turned off.
Unplug the power cord from the electrical
a Main power switch
b Power cord
Press the right side of the main power switch
c on the right side of the machine (set it to “|”).
c outlet.
Grasp the plug when unplugging the power
cord.
d supply jack.
Unplug the power cord from the power
Note
X The sewing lamp and the LCD come on
when the machine is turned on.
Memo
● When the machine is turned on, the needle
and the feed dogs will make sound when
they move; this is not a malfunction.
14
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
cord. When restarting the sewing machine,
follow the necessary procedure to correctly
operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electrical shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If
the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug. If it still does not fit,
contact a qualified electrician to install the
proper outlet. Do not modify the plug in any
way.
Preparing for Upper and Lower Threading
Winding the bobbin
1
Wind the thread onto the bobbin.
a
b
c
d
a Hook of the
bobbin-winding
thread guide
b Pretention disk
c Bobbin winder
shaft
d Bobbin
CAUTION
● Only use the bobbin (part code: SA156, SFB(XA5539-151)) designed specifically for this sewing
machine. Use of any other bobbin may result in injuries or damage to the machine.
● The included bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. If bobbins from other models
are used, the machine will not operate correctly. Use only the included bobbin or bobbins of the same
type (part code: SA156, SFB(XA5539-151)).
a This model
c
b Other model
c 11.5 mm (7/16 inch)
(actual size)
a
b
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
d spool cap.
Swing up the spool pin, and then remove the
a
b
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
b so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
notch in the bobbin.
a
b
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
Fully insert the spool of thread for the bobbin
e onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
a Notch
b Bobbin winder shaft spring
c it snaps into place.
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right until
CAUTION
● If the spool is not positioned so that the thread
unwinds correctly, the thread may become
tangled around the spool pin.
15
GETTING READY—————
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Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
f With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
While holding the spool with your right hand,
g pull the thread with your left hand, and then
pass the thread under the thread guide.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
1
a Thread guide
h from the back to the front.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
b
c
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
● When using thread that winds off quickly,
such as transparent nylon thread or metallic
thread, place the spool net over the spool
before placing the spool of thread onto the
spool pin.
If the spool net is too long, fold it to fit the
size of the spool.
When the spool net is used, the tension of
the upper thread will slightly increase. Be
sure to check the thread tension. For details,
refer to “Adjusting the thread tension”
(page 47).
1
16
Pull the thread to the right, pass it under the
i hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide, and
then wind the thread counterclockwise
between the discs, pulling it in as far as
possible.
a Hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide
b Pretension disk
4
Spool net
Spool
Spool cap
Spool pin
a Thread guide cover
2
3
a
b
c
d
a
While using your left hand to hold the thread
j that was passed through the bobbin-winding
thread guide, use your right hand to wind the
end of the thread clockwise around the
bobbin five or six times.
m
Press
(start/stop button) once.
When the foot controller is plugged in, press
down on the foot controller.
X The bobbin starts spinning and the
thread is wound around the bobbin.
1
Pass the end of the thread through the slit in
k the bobbin winder seat, and then pull the
thread to the right to cut it.
a Start/stop button
When the bobbin winding becomes slow,
(start/stop button) once to stop the
machine.
When the foot controller is plugged in,
remove your foot from the foot controller.
n press
a Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in
cutter)
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
CAUTION
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If the
bobbin is wound without cutting the thread
using the cutter built into the slit in the
bobbin winder seat, the bobbin may not be
wound correctly. In addition, the thread may
become tangled in the bobbin or the needle
may bend or break when the bobbin thread
starts to run out.
CAUTION
● When the bobbin winding becomes slow, stop
the machine, otherwise the sewing machine
may be damaged.
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
o to the left, and then remove the bobbin from
the shaft.
l to increase the bobbin winding speed and
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
slide to left to decrease.
Memo
a Sewing speed controller
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle cannot move (sewing is not
possible) while the bobbin winder shaft is
moved to the right.
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b
Installing the bobbin
Turn off the sewing machine (set it to “
”).
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
CAUTION
● Use a bobbin that has been correctly wound,
otherwise the needle may break or the thread
tension will be incorrect.
Slide the latch on the right side of the bobbin
c cover to the right, and then remove the
bobbin cover.
a
● The bobbin was designed specifically for this
sewing machine. If bobbins from other
models are used, the machine will not operate
correctly. Use only the included bobbin or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156,
SFB(XA5539-151)).
b
a Bobbin cover
b Latch
d the end of the thread is on the left, and then,
Insert the bobbin with your right hand so that
after pulling the thread firmly around the tab
with your left hand as shown, lightly pull the
thread to guide it through the slit.
c
a
b
a This model
b Other model
c 11.5 mm (7/16 inch) (actual size)
● Before installing the bobbin or replacing the
needle, be sure to turn off the sewing
machine, otherwise injuries may occur if the
start/stop button is accidentally pressed and
the machine starts sewing.
Press
(needle position button) once or
a twice to raise the needle, and then raise the
presser foot lever.
a Tab
CAUTION
a Needle position button
18
● Be sure to hold down the bobbin with your
finger and install the bobbin so that the thread
unwinds in the correct direction, otherwise
the needle may break or the thread tension
will be incorrect.
While lightly holding down bobbin with your
e right hand as shown, guide the thread through
the slit a and b).
• At this time, check that the bobbin easily
rotates counterclockwise.
Reattach the bobbin cover.
f Insert the tab in the lower-left corner of the
bobbin cover (A), and then press down on the
right side (B).
1
B
Then, pull the thread toward you to cut it with
the cutter (c).
A
Memo
● You can begin sewing without pulling up
the bobbin thread. If you wish to pull up the
bobbin thread before starting to sew, finish
threading the machine, and then pull up the
thread according to the procedure in
“Pulling up the bobbin thread” (page 50).
a Slit
b Cutter (Cut the thread with the cutter.)
• Make sure that the thread is correctly passed
through the flat spring of the bobbin case. If
it is not inserted correctly, reinstall the
bobbin.
1
a Flat spring
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread is
indicated by marks around the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
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Threading the upper thread
In this section, the procedures for installing the spool for the upper thread and threading the needle are
described.
b
a
a Spool pin
b Mark on handwheel
CAUTION
● When threading the machine, carefully follow the instructions. If the upper threading is not performed
correctly, the thread may become tangled and the needle may bend or break.
● The needle threader can be used with sewing machine needles 75/11 through 100/16.
● Use appropriate thread and needle combinations. For details on appropriate needle and thread
combinations, refer to “Needle types and their uses” (page 28).
● Thread with a thickness of 130/20 or thicker cannot be used with the needle threader.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the wing needle or the twin needle.
● If the needle threader cannot be used, refer to “Manually threading the needle” (page 24).
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
b
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
20
Press
(needle position button) once or
c twice to raise the needle.
Fully insert the spool for the upper thread
e onto the spool pin
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
a Needle position button
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine cannot be threaded. Check
that the mark on the handwheel points up as
shown in the illustration below. If the
handwheel is not in this position, be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before continuing the procedure.
CAUTION
● If the spool is not positioned so that the
thread unwinds correctly, the thread may
become tangled around the spool pin and the
thread or needle may break.
● If the spool cap that is used is smaller than the
spool, the thread may catch, for example, on
the notch in the spool, or the needle may
break.
a
a Mark on handwheel
d spool cap.
Swing up the spool pin, and then remove the
a
b
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
21
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f
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
While holding the spool with your right hand,
g pull the thread with your left hand, and then
pass the thread under the thread guide.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
1
b
c
a Thread guide
h from the back to the front.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
● When using thread that winds off quickly,
such as transparent nylon thread or metallic
thread, place the spool net over the spool
before placing the spool of thread onto the
spool pin.
If the spool net is too long, fold it to fit the
size of the spool.
When the spool net is used, the tension of
the upper thread will slightly increase. Be
sure to check the thread tension. For details,
refer to “Adjusting the thread tension”
(page 47).
1
2
3
4
a
b
c
d
22
Spool net
Spool
Spool cap
Spool pin
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a
a Thread guide cover
Thread the machine by guiding the thread
i along the path indicated by the number on the
machine.
Slide the thread into the thread take-up lever
j from the right to the left.
While lowering the needle threader lever,
m hook the thread onto the guide.
a
1
a Thread take-up lever
Memo
● If the needle is not raised, the thread takeup lever cannot be threaded. Be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before threading the thread take-up
lever.
a Needle threader
b Thread
c Guide
k guide.
Pass the thread behind the needle bar thread
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, and pulling the thread into
the guide from right to left.
n
Catch the thread on the hook as shown below.
a
a Needle threader lever
a
a Needle bar thread guide
l
Lower the presser foot lever.
Raise the needle threader lever, and then pull
o the end of the thread which passed through
the eye of the needle.
a
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● Be careful not to pull on the thread with force
or it may bend the needle.
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Raise the presser foot lever, pass the end of
p the thread through the presser foot, and then
d
Raise the presser foot lever.
pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread
toward the rear of the machine.
a
a Presser foot lever
a
e foot, and then pull out about 5 cm (2 inches)
Pass the end of the thread through the presser
a 5 cm (2 inches)
X The upper threading is finished.
of thread toward the rear of the machine.
■ Manually threading the needle
If the needle threader cannot be used, thread the
needle as described below.
Thread the machine to the needle bar thread
a guide, as described in steps a through k of
“Threading the upper thread”, and then lower
the presser foot lever.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the sewing machine,
otherwise injuries may occur if the start/stop
button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
c the needle from front to back.
Manually pass the thread through the eye of
24
a
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Manually thread the left needle with the
c upper thread.
Using the twin needle
With the twin needle, you can sew two parallel lines
of the same stitch with two different threads. Both
upper threads should have the same thickness and
quality. Be sure to use the twin needle and the extra
spool pin.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the
twin needle, refer to “Stitch Settings” (page 79).
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
1
Insert the extra spool pin onto the end of the
a
a Twin needle
b Extra spool pin
b
d bobbin winder shaft.
a Bobbin winder shaft
b Extra spool pin
c Thread spool
CAUTION
● Only use the twin needle (part code: X59296121). Use of any other needle may bend the
needle or damage the machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can
easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
twin needle. If the needle threader is used
with the twin needle, the sewing machine
may be damaged.
● Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or
less, otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser hoot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
Install the twin needle.
a • For details on installing a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 29).
Install the thread spool and thread the upper
e thread.
Memo
● When setting the thread spool, set it so that
the thread winds off from the front of the
spool.
Thread the upper thread for the right side in
f the same way that the upper thread for the
left side was threaded.
1
b • For details, refer to steps
Thread the upper thread for the left needle.
a through j of
“Threading the upper thread” (page 20).
a Thread guide cover
• For details, refer to step a through j of
“Threading the upper thread” (page 20).
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Without passing the thread through the
g needle bar thread guide, manually thread the
right needle.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
Start sewing.
k • For details on starting to sew, refer to
“Starting to sew” (page 42).
X Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel
to each other.
h • For details on changing the presser foot, refer
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 31).
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach
zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may
break or the machine may be damaged.
i
Note
● When using the twin needle, the stitches
may become bunched together, depending
on the types of thread and fabric that are
used. If this occurs, increase the stitch
length. For details on adjusting the stitch
length, refer to “Adjusting the stitch length
and width” (page 40).
Turn on the sewing machine.
CAUTION
X The LCD comes on.
j • For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
Select a stitch.
“Selecting a stitch” (page 40).
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “Stitch
Settings” (page 79).
26
● When changing the sewing direction, press
(needle position button) to raise the
needle from the fabric, and then raise the
presser foot lever and turn the fabric.
Otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● Do not try turning the fabric with the twin
needle left down in the fabric, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
Replacing the Needle
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
1
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous, for example, if the needle breaks and fragments are dispersed. Be sure to
read and carefully follow the instructions below.
CAUTION
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
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Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Thread
Fabric Type/Application
Size of Needle
Type
Medium weight
fabrics
Size
Broadcloth
Cotton thread
Taffeta
Synthetic thread
Flannel, Gabardine
Silk thread
Lawn
Cotton thread
Georgette
Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin
Silk thread
Denim
Cotton thread
60–90
75/11–90/14
50
60–90
Thin fabrics
65/9–75/11
50
30
100/16
50
Thick fabrics
Corduroy
Synthetic thread
90/14–100/16
50-60
Tweed
Silk thread
Jersey
Stretch
fabrics
Thread for knits
50–60
Tricot
Ball point needle
75/11–90/14
(golden colored)
Cotton thread
50–90
Easily frayed fabrics
For top-stitching
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
50
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
30
100/16
50–60
90/11–90/14
Note
● Never use a thread of weight 20 or lower. It
may cause malfunctions.
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker
the thread, and the larger the needle
number, the thicker the needle.
● Use the ball point needle when sewing on
stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped
stitches easily occur.
● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with
transparent nylon threads, regardless of the
fabric being sewn.
28
65/9–90/14
CAUTION
● The appropriate fabric, thread and needle
combinations are shown in the table above. If
the combination of the fabric, thread and
needle is not correct, particularly when
sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin
needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11), the needle
may bend or break. In addition, the stitching
may be uneven or puckered or there may be
skipped stitches.
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
Replacing the needle
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
screwdriver and a correct needle, as described in
“Checking the needle”.
1
a twice to raise the needle.
Press
(needle position button) once or
a
b
a Needle position button
a Flat side
b Needle type marking
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
a
a Flat surface
CAUTION
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
a
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to turn
off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the start/stop button is
accidentally pressed and the machine starts
sewing.
c
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Flat surface
a
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, place fabric or
paper under the presser foot to prevent the
needle from falling into the hole in the needle
plate.
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Loosen the needle clamp screw and remove
d the needle.
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
turn the screwdriver counterclockwise with
your right hand.
a
While holding the needle with your left hand,
f tighten the needle clamp screw.
Turn the screwdriver clockwise.
b
Install the twin needle in the same way.
a Needle clamp screw
b Screwdriver
• Do not apply extreme force when loosening
or tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise damage to the machine may
result.
CAUTION
● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches
the needle stopper and securely tighten the
needle clamp screw with the screwdriver,
otherwise the needle may break or damage
may result.
With the flat side of the needle toward the
e rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper.
a
a Needle stopper
30
Replacing the Presser Foot
Presser foot precautions
1
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the presser feet.
CAUTION
● Use the presser foot appropriate for the type of stitch that you wish to sew, otherwise the needle may hit
the presser foot, causing the needle to bend or break.
● Only use presser feet designed specifically for this sewing machine. Use of any other presser foot may
result in injuries or damage to the machine.
Replacing the presser foot
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
Replace the presser foot as described below.
Press
(needle position button) once or
a twice to raise the needle.
a
a Presser foot lever
d presser foot holder to remove the presser foot.
Press the black button at the back of the
a Needle position button
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
a
b
a Black button
b Presser foot holder
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to
turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the start/stop button is
accidentally pressed and the machine starts
sewing.
● Make sure that the presser foot is installed in
the correct direction, otherwise the needle
may strike the presser foot, causing it to break
and cause injuries.
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Place the presser foot to be installed below the
e holder so that the presser foot pin is aligned
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
g presser foot is securely attached.
with the notch in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (J, A, etc.) is positioned to
be read.
a
J
b
4
c
a
b
c
d
Removing the presser
foot holder
Presser foot holder
Notch
Pin
Presser foot type
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing the optional
walking foot.
Memo
● The code for the presser foot to be used
with each stitch appears in the pattern
display window. For details on selecting a
stitch, refer to “Selecting a stitch” (page 40).
Remove the presser foot.
a • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
Loosen the presser foot holder screw, and
Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
f presser foot pin snaps into the notch in the
b then remove the presser foot holder.
Turn the screwdriver counterclockwise.
presser foot holder.
a
b
c
d
Presser foot lever
Presser foot holder
Notch
Pin
a
b
c
a
a Screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Screw
b
c
d
X The presser foot is attached.
32
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
Align the presser foot holder with the presser
a bar.
a
Using the optional walking
foot
With the optional walking foot, both pieces of fabric
are fed evenly by the feed dogs and the teeth on the
presser foot. This is useful when sewing fabrics that
are hard to feed such as vinyl and leather and when
sewing fabrics that easily slip such as velvets or
when quilting.
Use the screwdriver to attach the walking foot.
b
a Presser bar
b Presser foot holder
Hold up the presser foot holder with your
b right hand, and tighten the screw.
With your left hand, turn the screwdriver
clockwise.
Note
● Thread the needle manually when using the
walking foot, or only attach the walking foot
after threading the needle using the needle
threader.
■ Attaching the walking foot
Remove the presser foot holder.
a • For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 32).
Hook the connecting fork of the walking foot
b onto the needle clamp screw.
Note
a
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be
incorrect.
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the presser foot
holder screw, otherwise the presser foot
holder may fall off and the needle may strike
it, causing the needle to bend or break.
b
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
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Lower the presser foot lever, insert the presser
c foot holder screw, and then tighten the screw
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
with the screwdriver.
a
a
a Presser foot lever
a Presser foot holder screw
X The presser foot is raised.
With a screwdriver, loosen the presser foot
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the screw with the
screwdriver, otherwise the needle may touch
the presser foot, causing it to bend or break.
● Before starting to sew, slowly turn the
handwheel toward you (counterclockwise)
and check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
d holder screw, and then remove the walking
foot.
a
a Presser foot holder screw
Note
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
■ Removing the walking foot
Press
(needle position button) once or
a twice to raise the needle.
a Needle position button
X The needle is raised.
b
34
Turn off the sewing machine.
Attach the presser foot holder.
e • For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 32).
Memo
● Only the straight stitch (with reinforcement
stitching) and the zigzag stitch can be used
with the walking foot. For details on the
stitches, refer to “Stitch Settings” (page 79).
● The optional walking foot is available
through your brother dealer.
Useful Functions
Functions useful in improving sewing efficiency are
described below.
■ When the needle stops in the raised position
The needle stops in the raised position when sewing
ends.
Changing the needle stop
position
Normally, the sewing machine is set to leave the
needle in the fabric when sewing is stopped. Instead,
the machine can be set to leave the needle raised
when sewing is stopped.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
Memo
● After sewing is finished, the fabric can be
pulled out.
■ When the needle stops in the lowered
position
b
While pressing
(automatic reverse/
reinforcement stitch key), turn on the sewing
machine.
The needle stops in the lowered position when
sewing ends.
When machine beeps twice, release the
automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key.
Memo
a
● Use this position to change the sewing
direction (“Changing the sewing direction”
(page 48)) or to stop while sewing.
a Automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key
X The needle stop position changes to the
raised position.
Memo
● Perform the same operation to change the
needle stop position to the lowered
position.
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Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces
When sewing cylindrical or large pieces of fabric, remove the flat bed attachment.
Stitching cylindrical pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to
sew cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs.
a
Sewing large pieces of fabric
The optional wide table makes sewing large pieces
of fabric easier.
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
Open up the legs at the bottom of the wide
a table.
Pull out the four legs until they snap into place.
X With the flat bed attachment removed,
free-arm sewing is possible.
b arm, and then sew from the top.
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
b
When you are finished with free-arm sewing,
c install the flat bed attachment back in its
original position.
36
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
Install the wide table.
c Keeping the wide table level, fully slide it into
Install the flat bed attachment back in its
f original position.
place. The lower right corner section of the
wide table extends over the front section of the
sewing machine bed.
1
2
1
a Lower right corner
b Sewing machine bed
Note
● The optional wide table is available through
your Brother dealer.
Turn the screw at the bottom of each leg to
d adjust their height so the wide table will be
level with the sewing machine bed.
CAUTION
● Do not move the sewing machine while the
wide table is attached, otherwise damage or
injuries may occur.
e remove it.
When you are finished using the wide table,
While slightly lifting up the wide table, pull it
off to the left.
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38
2 SEWING BASICS
Starting to Sew
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
2
CAUTION
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle. In addition, keep your hands
away from all moving parts such as the needle, handwheel, and thread take-up lever, otherwise injuries
may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may
break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Use the correct presser foot for the type of stitch that you wish to sew, otherwise the needle may hit the
presser foot, causing the needle to bend or break.
● When sewing, make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or
bend.
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur
if the start/stop button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Sewing procedure
The basic sewing procedure is shown below.
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details, refer to “Turning on the machine” (page 14).
↓
2 Select a stitch.
Select a stitch appropriate for the application.
For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch” (page 40).
↓
3
Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot that is appropriate for the type of stitch that you
wish to sew.
For details, refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 31).
↓
4 Start sewing.
Position the fabric, and then start sewing. When sewing is finished, cut the
threads.
For details, refer to “Positioning the fabric” (page 41), “Starting to sew”
(page 42), and “Cutting the thread” (page 46).
39
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Selecting a stitch
Select each stitch by using the pattern selection dial.
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
Adjusting the stitch length
and width
■ Example: To select stitch
Turn the pattern selection dial until “4”
a appears in the pattern display window.
Press “+” or “–” side of
(stitch length
b key) to adjust the stitch length.
b
Turn the pattern selection dial to select the
b stitch to be sewn. Turn the dial to the right to
increase the number, or turn the dial to the
left to decrease the number.
a
b
a Pattern display window
b Pattern selection dial
X The stitch appears in the pattern display
window.
Attach the presser foot indicated in the pattern
c display window.
a
a Presser foot type
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
Memo
● The presser foot to be used is indicated by
the letter (J, A, etc.) that appears in the
pattern display window.
If necessary, adjust the stitch width and stitch
d length.
• For details on making adjustments, refer to the
next section, “Adjusting the stitch length and
width”
40
a
b
c
d
Stitch length key
Stitch length
Fine
Coarse
a
–
+
c
d
Press “+” or “–” side of
(stitch width
c key) to adjust the stitch width.
b
a
b
c
d
a
Positioning the fabric
–
+
c
d
Stitch width key
Stitch width
Narrow
Wide
Be sure that the fabric pieces are sewn in the correct
order and that the right and wrong sides of the fabric
are aligned correctly.
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
The straight stitch (left needle position) is
automatically selected.
2
Memo
● When the stitch length or stitch width is
changed from the default setting,
around
or
disappears from the LCD. When
the stitch length or stitch width is reset back
to the default setting, reappears around
or in the LCD.
● If the stitch width of the selected stitch
cannot be adjusted, “--” appears to the
right of in the LCD.
b twice to raise the needle.
Press
(needle position button) once or
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If the
needle hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
● If the stitches become bunched together,
increase the stitch length. Continuing to sew
with the stitches bunched together may result
in the needle bending or breaking.
a Needle position button
Place the fabric under the presser foot.
c • If the seam allowance is positioned on the
right side, sewing in a straight line is easier
and the extra fabric does not get in the way.
41
SEWING BASICS —————
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While holding the end of the thread and the
d fabric with your left hand, turn the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) with your
right hand to lower the needle to the starting
point of the stitching.
Starting to sew
Once you are ready to start sewing, you can start the
sewing machine. The sewing speed can be adjusted
using either the sewing speed controller or the foot
controller.
Note
Important:
● When the foot controller is plugged in,
(start/stop button) cannot be used to start
sewing.
■ Using the operation buttons
Sewing can be started and stopped using the
operation button
(start/stop button).
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
a right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
e
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Sewing speed controller
a
a Presser foot lever
X The fabric is now positioned to be
sewn.
42
b
Press
(start/stop button) once.
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack on
b the side of the sewing machine.
a Start/stop button
The machine starts sewing.
2
a Foot controller jack
c
Turn on the sewing machine.
• If you continue pressing the
(start/stop
button) immediately after the sewing starts,
the machine will sew at a slow speed.
When the end of the stitching is reached,
(start/stop button) once.
c press
X The machine stops sewing with the
needle down (in the fabric).
When you are finished sewing, raise the
d needle, and then cut the threads.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
d right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
X For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 46).
■ Using the foot controller
Sewing can be started and stopped using the foot
controller.
a Sewing speed controller
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller will be the foot controller’s
maximum sewing speed.
Turn off the sewing machine.
a When connecting the foot controller, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
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Once you are ready to start sewing, slowly
e press down on the foot controller.
Pressing down on the foot controller increases
the sewing speed; releasing the pressure on the
foot controller decreases the sewing speed.
a
b
Securing the stitching
When sewing with the straight stitch, for example, at
the end of an opening or where seams do not
overlap, use reverse stitching or reinforcement
stitching to secure the end of the thread.
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
a beginning of the stitching, and then lower the
presser foot lever.
a Slower
b Faster
• Slowly press down on the foot controller.
Pressing it down hard starts sewing too
quickly.
X The machine starts sewing.
When the end of the stitching is reached,
f completely release the foot controller.
X The machine stops sewing with the
needle lowered (in the fabric).
When you are finished sewing, raise the
g needle, and then cut the threads.
• For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 46).
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in,
(start/stop button) cannot be used to start
sewing.
● When sewing is stopped, the needle
remains lowered (in the fabric). The
machine can be set so that the needle will
stay up when sewing is stopped. For details
on setting the machine so that the needle
stays up when sewing is stopped, refer to
“Changing the needle stop position”
(page 35).
CAUTION
● Do not allow thread or dust to accumulate in
the foot controller, otherwise a fire or an
electric shock may occur.
● Do not place objects on the foot controller,
otherwise damage to the machine or injuries
may occur.
● If the machine is not to be used for a long
period of time, unplug the foot controller,
otherwise a fire or an electric shock may
occur.
44
b the foot controller.
Press
(start/stop button) or press down on
At this time, if
(start/stop button) is held
down, the machine sews at a low speed.
a Start/stop button
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 42).
X The machine starts sewing.
After sewing 3 to 5 stitches, press
c (reverse/reinforcement stitch button).
Keep
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
held down until you reach the beginning of the
stitching.
After 3 to 5 reverse stitches have been sewn,
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button).
g release
X The machine stops sewing.
Press
(start/stop button), or press down on
h the foot controller.
At this time, if
(start/stop button) is held
down, the machine sews at a slow speed.
X The machine starts sewing in the
normal sewing direction.
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
While
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
is held down, reverse stitches are sewn.
After sewing to the end of the stitching, stop
i the sewing machine.
Press
(start/stop button) or release foot
controller.
d stitching, release
After sewing back to the beginning of the
(reverse/reinforcement
stitch button).
X The machine stops sewing.
2
1
3
1
2
Press
(start/stop button), or press down on
e the foot controller.
X The machine starts sewing in the
normal sewing direction.
5
4
6
2
a Beginning of stitching
b End of stitching
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
When the end of the stitching is reached,
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button).
f press
Keep
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
held down until 3 to 5 reverse stitches are
sewn.
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches on top
of each other.
X While
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button) is held down, reverse stitches
are sewn.
a
b
a Reverse stitching
b Reinforcement stitching
Memo
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “Stitch
Settings” (page 79).
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Cutting the thread
a sewing machine is stopped, press
When you wish to finish the stitching and the
(needle
position button) once to raise the needle.
Automatically sewing reverse/
reinforcement stitches
The sewing machine can be set to automatically sew
reverse or reinforcement stitches at the beginning
and end of the stitching. With straight stitches and
zigzag stitches, reverse stitches, not reinforcement
stitches, are automatically sewn.
Select a stitch.
a • For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 40).
a Needle position button
X The needle is raised.
b
Press
(automatic reverse/reinforcement
b stitch key).
Raise the presser foot lever.
a
a Automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key
X
a
appears in the LCD.
• This step is not necessary if a stitch such as
those for sewing buttonholes and bar tacks is
selected where reinforcement stitches are
automatically sewn.
• Press
(automatic reverse/reinforcement
stitch key) again to cancel automatic reverse/
reinforcement stitching.
a Presser foot lever
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
c and then pass the threads through the thread
cutter to cut them.
Position the fabric under the presser foot, and
c turn the handwheel toward you to insert the
needle into the fabric.
a
a Thread cutter
d
Press
(start/stop button) once.
a Start/stop button
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the machine starts sewing.
46
After reaching the end of the stitching, press
e the reverse/reinforcement stitch button once.
■ Correct thread tension
The upper thread and the bobbin thread should cross near
the center of the fabric. Only the upper thread should be
visible from the right side of the fabric, and only the bobbin
thread should be visible from the wrong side of the fabric.
a
b
c
d
a
b
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
• This step is not necessary if a stitch such as
those for sewing buttonholes and bar tacks is
selected where reinforcement stitches are
automatically sewn.
c
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Upper thread
Bobbin thread
d
2
■ Upper thread is too tight
If the bobbin thread is visible from the right side
of the fabric, the upper thread is too tight.
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the sewing machine stops.
Note
● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too tight.
In this case, refer to “Installing the bobbin”
(page 18) and rethread the bobbin thread.
a
b
c
d
e
a
Memo
● Reverse/reinforcement stitches WILL NOT
be sewn until
(reverse/reinforcement
stitch button) is pressed.
(start/stop
button) may be pressed to stop stitching
when needed such as for pivoting corners.
Adjusting the thread tension
b
c
■ Upper thread is too loose
The tensions of the upper thread and of the bobbin
thread (thread tension) should be adjusted so that
they are equal.
If the preset thread tension does not give the desired
result or if you are sewing with special thread or on
special fabric, use the thread tension dial to increase
or decrease the tension of the upper thread.
If the upper thread is visible from the wrong side
of the fabric, the upper thread is too loose.
Note
● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded,
the upper thread may be too loose. In this
case, refer to “Threading the upper thread”
(page 20) and rethread the upper thread.
Note
● If the upper thread is not threaded correctly
or the bobbin is not installed correctly, it
may not be possible to set the correct thread
tension. If the correct thread tension cannot
be achieved, rethread the upper thread and
insert the bobbin correctly.
Memo
● We recommend that you do a test sample
on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew.
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Upper thread
Bobbin thread
The bobbin thread is
e
visible from the right
d
side of the fabric.
Turn the thread tension dial to the left to
loosen the upper thread.
e
a
b
c
d
a
b
c
d
e
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Upper thread
Bobbin thread
The upper thread is
visible from the wrong
side of the fabric.
Turn the thread tension dial to the right to
tighten the upper thread.
47
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Useful Sewing Tips
Various ways to achieve better sewing results are described below. Refer to these tips when sewing.
Trial sewing
After a stitch is selected, the machine automatically
sets the stitch width and length for the stitch that was
selected.
However, a trial piece of fabric should be sewn
since, depending on the type of fabric and stitching
being sewn, the desired results may not be achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of fabric layers sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve.
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
Changing the sewing
direction
When stitching reaches a corner, stop the
a sewing machine.
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle remained up when the machine
stopped sewing, press
(needle position
button).
Sewing thick fabrics
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
b fabric.
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser
foot
Raise the presser foot even higher to bring the
presser foot to its highest position. (At this time,
the presser foot lever is not secured.)
c sewing.
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
CAUTION
● The thickness of fabric differs depending on
the fabric type. If the fabric is forcefully
pushed, the needle may break or bend.
a
a Presser foot lever
48
■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric
does not feed at the beginning of stitching
The fabric may not feed when thick seams are
being sewn and the presser foot is not level, as
shown below. In this case, use the presser foot
locking pin (black button on the left side of zigzag
foot “J”) so that the presser foot remains level
while sewing, allowing the fabric to be fed
smoothly.
• After the seam is sewn, the presser foot will
return to its normal operation.
CAUTION
● The thickness of fabric differs depending on the
fabric type. If the fabric is forcefully pushed,
the needle may break or bend.
Sewing thin fabrics
a
b
a Sewing direction
b Misalignment
a
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly.
If this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
Raise the presser foot lever.
Align the beginning of stitching, and then
b position the fabric.
While holding zigzag foot “J” level, hold the
c presser foot locking pin (black button on the
left side) pressed in, and lower the presser
foot lever.
a
a Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
In addition, a better result can be achieved by using
thread for knits or a stretch stitch.
a
a
a Presser foot holding pin (black button)
Release the presser foot locking pin (black
d button).
a Basting
X The presser foot remains level, allowing
the fabric to be fed.
49
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Sewing hook-and-loop
fastener
b
Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.
a
CAUTION
● Use only the ungummed hook-and-loop
fastener which is for sewing. If the glue is
attached to the needle or the bobbin hook
race, it may cause malfunction.
● If the hook-and-loop fastener is sewn with the
thin needle (65/9-75/11), the needle may
bend or break.
a Upper thread
With the needle raised, press
c position button) twice.
(needle
Note
● Before start sewing, baste together the fabric
and the hook-and-loop fastener.
Make sure that the needle passes through the hookand-loop fastener by turning the handwheel and
lower the needle into the hook-and-loop fastener
before sewing. And then, sew the edge of the hookand-loop fastener at a slow speed.
If the needle does not pass through the hook-andloop fastener, replace the needle with the needle for
thick fabrics (page 28).
a Needle position button
d out the end of the bobbin thread.
Carefully pull the upper thread upward to pull
a
b
a Upper thread
b Bobbin thread
e thread under the presser foot toward the rear
Pull out about 10 cm (4 inches) of the bobbin
a Edge of the hook-and-loop fastener
of the machine.
Pulling up the bobbin thread
When making gathers, first pull up the bobbin thread
as described below.
a Do not cut the thread with the cutter.
Pass the bobbin thread through the slot.
a
b
a Upper thread
b Bobbin thread
Reattach the bobbin cover.
f Insert the tab in the lower-left corner of the bobbin
cover (A), and then press down on the right side (B).
• Leave the bobbin cover removed.
B
A
50
3 UTILITY STITCHES
Overcasting
Zigzag stitch
3-point zigzag
stitch
Overcasting
stitch
Application
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Twin Needle
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Sew overcasting along the edges of cut fabric to prevent them from fraying. Four stitches are available for
overcasting.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Overcasting on
medium weight or
J stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
Overcasting on
G thin or medium
weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
G
Overcasting on
thick fabrics
Yes
*1
(J) Yes
3
Reverse
1.0
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
5.0
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/16) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within
the range indicated below “Manual”.
Observe the following precautions while stitching.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur
if a button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
51
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sewing overcasting
stitches using zigzag foot
“J”
Sewing overcasting
stitches using overcasting
foot “G”
a
Turn on the machine.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
With the pattern selection dial,
b
With the pattern selection dial,
select
or
.
select
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
or
.
Attach overcasting foot “G”.
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
foot” (page 31).
Sew along the edge of the fabric with the
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
d needle dropping off the edge at the right.
a
d against the guide of the presser foot, and then
a
lower the presser foot lever.
a
a
a Needle drop point
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn the
handwheel toward you and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If the
needle hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
a Presser foot guide
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you and
e check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot.
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
f presser foot guide.
a
a Needle drop point
52
Basic Stitching
Straight stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Application
Basic stitching,
J sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Left
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, and
J
sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Attaching sleeves,
sewing inseams,
J sewing stretch fabrics and decorative
stitching
Center
Triple stretch
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Three stitches are available for basic stitching.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
*1
No
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reverse
–
–
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur
if a button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
a
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
b
Turn on the machine.
c
With the pattern selection dial,
select
,
or
h
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
■ Changing the needle position
.
The needle position can be adjusted with the
straight stitch (left needle position) and the triple
stretch stitch by adjusting the stitch width. Press
the “–” side of the stitch width key for a left
needle position, or press the “+” side for a right
needle position.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
foot” (page 31).
e needle into the fabric 3 to 5 stitch lengths in
If reverse stitches are to be sewn, lower the
a
front of the point where the stitching will
begin, and then sew the reverse stitches.
• For details, refer to “Securing the stitching”
(page 44).
b
Start sewing.
f • For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
c
d
(page 42).
If reverse stitches are to be sewn at the end of
g stitching, sew 3 to 5 reverse stitches.
• For details, refer to “Securing the stitching”
(page 44).
a
b
c
d
Stitch width
Stitch width key
Moves the needle position to the left
Moves the needle position to the right
53
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Blind Hem Stitching
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Twin Needle
Stitch Name
Presser Foot
Pattern
The bottoms of skirts and pants are hemmed. Two stitches are available for blind hem stitching.
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Manual
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Auto
Blind hem stitching
R on medium weight
fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
Blind hem stitching
on stretch fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
Blind hem stitch
R
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
Memo
● When stitch
or
is selected
Press the “–” side of the stitch width key so that “0”, “-1”, “-2” or “-3” appears in the LCD to move the
needle drop point to the left.
Press the “+” side of the stitch width key so that “0”, “1”, “2” or “3” appears in the LCD to move the
needle drop point to the right.
Sew a blind hem according to the following procedure.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
a hem, and then baste it about 5 mm (3/16
inch) from the edge of the fabric. After
basting, fold back the fabric along the basting,
and then position the fabric with the wrong
side facing up.
d
e
b
b
c
a
b
c
d
e
54
Wrong side of fabric
Basting stitching
Desired edge of hem
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Edge of hem
Turn on the machine.
c
With the pattern selection dial,
select
or
.
d
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
a
a
b
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
e hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
Memo
then lower the presser foot lever.
If the needle is incorrectly positioned, the
stitching results will be as shown below.
Correct each result as described below.
4
a
b
● If the needle catches too much of the hem
fold
The needle is positioned too far to the left.
Press the “+” side of the stitch width key to
adjust the needle position so that the needle
slightly catches the fold of the hem.
c
a Wrong side of fabric
b Fold of hem
c Presser foot guide
3
Press the “–” side of the stitch width key to
f adjust the stitch width until the needle slightly
catches the fold of the hem, and then sew
with the edge of the fabric against the presser
foot guide.
a
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
● If the needle does not catch the hem fold
The needle is positioned too far to the right.
Press the “–” side of the stitch width key to
adjust the needle position so that the needle
slightly catches the fold of the hem.
a
4
b
b
c
a Needle
b Needle drop point
c Fold of hem
a
b
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
● For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
length and width” (page 40).
CAUTION
● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you and
check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
g
Remove the basting stitching.
a
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
b
55
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Buttonhole Stitching
Buttonhole stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Buttonholes can be sewn. Three stitches are available for sewing buttonholes.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Secured buttonA holes for fabrics
that have backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Horizontal buttonholes on thin and
A
medium weight
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2-1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Keyhole buttonA holes for thick or
furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
Buttonholes with a maximum length of 30 mm (1-3/16 inches) (diameter + thickness of the button) can be sewn.
Buttonholes are sewn as shown below.
a
a
a Reinforcement stitching
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”, which is used for sewing buttonholes, are indicated below.
a Button guide plate
b Presser foot scale
a
c Pin
d Marks on buttonhole foot
b
e 5 mm (3/16 inch)
e
c
d
A
56
Use chalk to mark on the fabric the position
a and length of the buttonhole.
2
c
Turn on the machine.
d
With the pattern selection dial,
select
1
,
or
.
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
e • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
f in the presser foot, and then pull it under the
a Marks on fabric
b Button hole sewing
presser foot, as shown.
b foot “A”, and then insert the button that will
Pull out the button guide plate of buttonhole
be put through the buttonhole.
3
Position the fabric with the front end of the
g buttonhole mark aligned with the red marks
on the sides of the buttonhole foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of
the button, and then set the button guide
plate to the calculated length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot
scale is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
a
b
A
b
a
a Mark on fabric (front)
b Red marks on buttonhole foot
b
c
a Presser foot scale
b Length of buttonhole (diameter + thickness
of button)
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm
(9/16 inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch),
the button guide plate should be set to 25 mm
(1 inch) on the scale.
Note
● When lowering the presser foot, do not
push in the front of the presser foot,
otherwise the buttonhole will not be sewn
with the correct size.
a
b
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
b 15 mm (9/16 inch)
X The size of the buttonhole is set.
57
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
h possible.
Use the enclosed seam ripper to cut towards
m the pin and open the buttonhole.
a
a
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever should be positioned
behind the metal bracket on the buttonhole
foot.
a
a Seam ripper
For keyhole buttonholes (
), use the
commercial eyelet punch to make a hole in the
rounded end of the buttonhole, and then use
the seam ripper to cut open the buttonhole.
b
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
a
i your left hand, and then start sewing.
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
a Eyelet punch
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
CAUTION
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
Raise the needle and the presser foot lever,
j remove the fabric, and cut the thread.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
k position.
Insert a pin along the inside of one bar tack at
l the end of the buttonhole stitching to prevent
the stitching from being cut.
● When opening the buttonhole with the seam
ripper, do not place your hands in the cutting
path, otherwise injuries may result if the seam
ripper slips. Do not use the seam ripper in any
other way than how it is intended.
■ Changing the stitch length
Press the “+” or “–” side of the stitch length key to
adjust the stitch length.
a
b
–
+
a
a Pin
58
a Stitch length key
b Stitch length
c Fine
d Coarse
• If the fabric does not feed (for example, if it is
too thick), increase the coarseness of the
stitching.
■ Changing the stitch width
Press the “+” or “–” side of the stitch width key to
adjust the stitch width.
–
+
Button sewing
Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.
Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.
Measure the distance between the holes in the
a button to be attached.
b
a
a
b
c
d
Stitch width key
Stitch width
Narrow
Wide
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide the
b drop feed lever, located at the rear of the
machine on the base, to
(to the left as
seen from the rear of the machine).
Memo
● Before sewing buttonholes, check the stitch
length and width by sewing a trial
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric.
3
a
a Drop feed lever (as seen from the rear of
the machine)
X The feed dogs are lowered.
c
Turn on the sewing machine.
d
Select stitch
e
Attach button fitting foot “M”.
.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
f the distance between the holes in the button.
Adjust the stitch width so that it is the same as
59
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
g
Place the button into button fitting foot “M”.
Start sewing.
i Set the sewing speed controller to the left (so
that the speed will be slow).
a
a Button
X The button is held in place.
• When attaching four-hole buttons, first sew
the two holes closest to you. Then, slide the
button so that the needle goes into the two
holes toward the rear of the sewing machine,
and then sew them in the same way.
X The sewing machine automatically
stops after sewing reinforcement
stitches.
• If additional strength is needed to secure the
button, perform the button-sewing operation
twice.
Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the
j bobbin thread at the beginning of the
stitching.
Pull the upper thread at the end of the stitching
to the wrong side of the fabric, and then tie it
with the bobbin thread.
h (counterclockwise) to check that the needle
Turn the handwheel toward you
correctly goes into the two holes of the
button.
If it seems as if the needle will hit the button,
remeasure the distance between the holes in
the button. Adjust the stitch width to the
distance between the button holes.
When you are finished attaching the button,
(to the right
as seen from the rear of the machine) and turn
the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
k slide the drop feed lever to
a
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does not
touch the button, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
a Drop feed lever (as seen from the rear of
the machine)
Memo
● The feed dog position switch is normally set
to the right side (as seen from the rear of
machine).
● The feed dogs come up when you start
sewing again.
60
■ Attaching a shank to a button
To sew the button with a shank, attach the button
with space between it and the fabric, and then
wind the thread by hand. This attaches the button
securely.
Place the button into button-sewing foot “M”,
a and then pull the shank lever toward you.
1
3
a Shank lever
After sewing is finished, cut the upper thread
b with plenty of excess, wind it around the
thread between the button and the fabric, and
then tie it to the upper thread at the beginning
of the stitching.
Tie together the ends of the bobbin thread at
the end and at the beginning of the stitching on
the wrong side of the fabric.
c
Cut off any excess thread.
61
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Zipper Insertion
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Application
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, and
J
sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Straight
Center
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Auto
Manual
–
–
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
A zipper can be sewn in place.
Walking
Foot
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Reverse
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
There are many methods for attaching zippers. Therefore, only the procedures for inserting a centered zipper
and a side zipper are described below.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Baste the two pieces up to the edge of the
Inserting a centered zipper
c fabric.
Stitching is sewn on both pieces of fabric butted
against each other.
a
c
b
b
d
a
c
a Right side of fabric
b Stitching
c End of zipper opening
a
Turn on the machine.
Attach zigzag foot “J” and sew straight
b stitches up to the zipper opening.
With the right sides of the fabric facing each
other, sew reverse stitches after reaching the
zipper opening.
• For details on basic stitching, refer to “Basic
Stitching” (page 53).
62
a
b
c
d
Basting stitching
Reverse stitching
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Press open the seam allowance from the wrong
d side of the fabric.
a
a Wrong side of fabric
Align the seam with the center of the zipper,
e and then baste the zipper in place.
h
Topstitch around the zipper.
a
b
c
b
a
d
c
a Wrong side of fabric
b Basting stitching
c Zipper
f
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
3
a
b
c
d
.
Attach the presser foot holder to the right side
g of the pin of zipper foot “I”.
a
Stitching
Right side of fabric
Basting stitching
End of zipper opening
CAUTION
I
b
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the zipper, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
i
a Right side of the pin
b Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
Remove the basting stitching.
Inserting a side zipper
Stitching is sewn on only one piece of fabric. Use
this type of zipper for side openings and back
openings.
CAUTION
● When using zipper foot “I”, be sure to use a
center needle position, and slowly turn the
handwheel toward you to check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If a different
stitch is selected and the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
a
b
c
a Stitching
b Right side of fabric
c End of zipper opening
The following procedure will describe how to stitch
on the left side, as shown in the illustration.
63
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
a
Turn on the machine.
Align the zipper teeth with the pressed edge of
f the fabric having the extra 3 mm (1/8 inch),
b stitches up to the zipper opening.
Attach zigzag foot “J” and sew straight
and then baste or pin the zipper in place.
• With the right sides of the fabric facing each
other, sew reverse stitches after reaching the
zipper opening.
• For details on basic stitching, refer to “Basic
Stitching” (page 53).
b
a
Baste the two pieces up to the edge of the
c fabric.
a Zipper teeth
b Basting stitching
g
a
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
c
b
d
a
b
c
d
.
Basting stitching
Reverse stitching
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Press open the seam allowance from the wrong
d side of the fabric.
Attach the presser foot holder to the right side
h of the pin of zipper foot “I”.
If the stitching will be sewn on the right side
(opposite side of this example), attach the
presser foot holder to the left side of the zipper
foot pin.
a
I
b
a
a Right side of the pin
b Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
a Wrong side of fabric
Press the seam allowance so that the right side
e (the side that will not be stitched) has an extra
3 mm (1/8 inch).
a
b
a Wrong side of fabric
b 3 mm (1/8 inch)
64
CAUTION
● When using zipper foot “I”, be sure to use a
center needle position, and slowly turn the
handwheel toward you to check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If a different
stitch is selected and the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
Sew the zipper to the piece of fabric with the
i extra 3 mm (1/8 inch), starting from the base
of the zipper.
Attach the presser foot holder to the other side
l of the pin of zipper foot “I”.
If the presser foot holder was attached to the
right side of the pin in step h, change it to the
left side of the pin.
a
I
b
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the zipper, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
j end of the zipper, stop the sewing machine
When you are about 5 cm (2 inches) from the
with the needle down (in the fabric), raise the
presser foot lever, and then open the zipper
and continue sewing.
a Left side of the pin
b Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
3
m Sew reverse stitches at the end of the zipper
Topstitch along the zipper.
opening and align the zipper teeth with the
side of the presser foot.
c
b
d
a
e
Close the zipper, turn over the fabric, and then
k baste the other side of the zipper to the fabric.
a
b
c
d
e
Right side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Reverse stitching
Beginning of stitching
Basting stitching
n end of the zipper, stop the sewing machine
When you are about 5 cm (2 inches) from the
a
with the needle down (in the fabric), and then
raise the presser foot lever.
Remove the basting stitching, open the zipper,
o and then continue sewing.
a Basting stitching
65
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stretch fabrics can be sewn and elastic tape can be attached.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Stretch stitch
Sewing stretch fab1.0
J rics and decorative
(1/16)
stitching
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
1.0–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
3-point zigzag
stitch
Overcasting on
medium weight or
J stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
5.0
(3/16)
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
Observe the following precautions while stitching.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Stretch stitching
a
Turn on the machine.
b
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
.
Elastic attaching
When elastic tape is attached to the cuff or waist of a
piece of clothing, the finished dimensions will be that
of the stretched elastic tape. Therefore, it is necessary
that a suitable length of the elastic tape be used.
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of the
a fabric.
Pin the elastic tape to the fabric at a few points
to make sure that the tape is uniformly
positioned on the fabric.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
d
Sew without stretching the fabric.
a
b
a Elastic tape
b Pin
b
66
Turn on the machine.
c
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
Sew the elastic tape to the fabric while
e stretching the tape so that it is the same length
as the fabric.
While pulling the fabric behind the presser foot
with your left hand, pull the fabric at the pin
nearest the front of the presser foot with your
right hand.
3
CAUTION
● When sewing, make sure that the needle does
not touch any pins, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
67
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
Zigzag stitch
Application
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Appliqué stitch
J Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
Fagoting stitch
Fagoting, smockJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
Twin Needle
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Three stitches are available for sewing appliqués and patchwork quilts.
Walking
Foot
Yes
*1
(J) Yes
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Reverse
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.6–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Place a pattern made of thick paper on the
b back of the appliqué, and then fold over the
Appliqué stitching
seam allowance using an iron.
Cut out the appliqué, leaving a seam
a allowance of between 3 and 5 mm (1/8 and 3/
16 inch).
a
Turn the fabric over, and then baste, glue or
c pin it onto the fabric that it will be attached
a Seam allowance
to.
a
a Basting stitching
68
d
Turn on the machine.
e
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
or
.
f • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
foot” (page 31).
Patchwork (crazy quilt)
stitching
Fold the edge of the top piece of fabric and
a place it over the lower piece.
b pattern spans over both pieces.
Sew the two pieces of fabric together so the
Turn the handwheel toward you, and then
g begin sewing around the edge of the appliqué,
making sure that the needle drops just outside
of the appliqué.
3
Fagoting
Stitching across an open seam is called “fagoting”. It
is used on blouses and children's clothing. This stitch
is more decorative when thicker thread is used.
Use an iron to fold the two pieces of fabric
a along their seams.
Baste the two pieces of fabric, separated by
b about 4.0 mm (3/16 inch), onto thin paper or
a sheet of water-soluble stabilizer.
If you draw a line down the middle of the thin
paper or water-soluble stabilizer, sewing is
easier.
• When sewing around corners, stop the
machine with the needle in the fabric just
outside of the appliqué, raise the presser foot
lever, and then turn the fabric as needed to
change the sewing direction.
3
1
2
a Thin paper or water soluble stabilizer
b Basting stitching
c 4 mm (3/16 inch)
c
Turn on the machine.
d
Select stitch
e
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
f
Set the stitch width to 7.0 mm (1/4 inch).
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 40).
69
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sew with the center of the presser foot
g aligned along the center of the two pieces of
fabric.
Attach the quilting foot to the presser foot
c holder screw.
The pin on the quilting foot should be
positioned over the needle clamp screw.
a
c
b
a Pin on quilting foot
b Presser foot holder screw
c Needle clamp screw
d hand, and then tighten the presser foot holder
Hold the quilting foot in place with your right
h
After sewing is finished, remove the paper.
screw using the enclosed screwdriver in your
left hand.
Free-motion quilting
With free-motion quilting, lower the feed dogs (using
the feed dog position switch) so that the fabric is not
fed.
The optional quilting foot is needed for free-motion
quilting.
CAUTION
Note
● Thread the needle manually when using the
quilting foot, or only attach the quilting foot
after threading the needle using the needle
threader.
● Be sure to securely tighten the screw with the
enclosed screwdriver, otherwise the needle
may touch the presser foot, causing it to bend
or break.
e the rear of the machine on the base, to the
Slide the feed dog position switch, located at
position shown below to lower the feed dogs.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
b holder.
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 32).
a
a Feed dog position switch (as seen from the
rear of the machine)
70
f
Turn on the machine.
g
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
or
.
h then move the fabric to follow the pattern.
Use both hands to stretch the fabric taut, and
Reinforcement stitches are sewn at the
beginning and end of stitching.
a
3
a Pattern
• Reverse stitches cannot be sewn when the
feed dogs are lowered.
After sewing is finished, slide the feed dog
i position switch to its original position and turn
the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
• The feed dogs are normally left raised.
Memo
● Turn the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
71
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Reinforcement Stitching
Triple stretch
stitch
Bar tack stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Attaching sleeves,
sewing inseams,
J sewing stretch fabrics and decorative
stitching
Reinforce openings and areas
A
where the seam
easily comes loose
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Reinforce points that will be subject to strain, such as sleeve holes, inseams and pocket corners.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
Yes No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/64) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Triple stretch stitching
With each stitch, three overlapping stitches are
sewn.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
■ Changing the needle position
The needle position can be adjusted with the
straight stitch (left needle position) and the triple
stretch stitch by adjusting the stitch width. Press
the “–” side of the stitch width key for a left
needle position, or press the “+” side for a right
needle position.
.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
b
foot” (page 31).
d
Start sewing.
c
a
b
c
d
72
d
Stitch width
Stitch width key
Moves the needle position to the left
Moves the needle position to the right
c
Bar tack stitching
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
Bar tacks are one type of reinforcement stitching
used to strengthen points subject to strain, such as
pocket corners and openings.
As an example, the procedure for sewing bar tacks at
pocket corners is described below.
.
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 31).
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
e in the presser foot, and then pull it under the
presser foot, as shown.
Determine the desired length of the bar tack.
a Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
a
3
f position the fabric so that the needle drops 2
With the opening of the pocket toward you,
mm (1/16 inch) in front of the pocket
opening, and then lower the presser foot
lever.
b
c
a Presser foot scale
b Length of bar tack
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
b
a
a 2 mm (1/16 inch)
Turn on the machine.
Note
● When lowering the presser foot, do not
push in the front of the presser foot,
otherwise the bar tack will not be sewn with
the correct size.
73
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
g possible.
a
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever should be positioned
behind the metal bracket on the buttonhole
foot.
a
b
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
h your left hand, and then start sewing.
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
Raise the presser foot lever, cut the threads,
i and then remove the fabric.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
j position.
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Adjusting the
stitch length and width” (page 40).
74
Using the side cutter (optional)
Overcasting
stitch
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
By using the optional side cutter, overcasting stitching can be sewn while the edge of the fabric is cut off.
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Basic stitching,
S sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–2.5
(0–3/32)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Reverse
Overcasting on
S thin or medium
weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Reinforcement
Overcasting on
thick fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Reinforcement
S
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”. When using the side cutter, adjust the stitch width setting to a value within the range indicated in
the table above.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot and presser foot holder, be sure to turn off the sewing machine,
otherwise injuries may occur if a button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
a • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Remove the presser foot.
foot” (page 31).
Thread the upper thread.
b • For details, refer to “Threading the upper
e then hook the connecting fork of the side
Raise the presser foot lever even higher, and
cutter onto the needle clamp screw.
a
thread” (page 20).
b
Note
● The needle threader cannot be used while
the side cutter is installed on the sewing
machine, otherwise damage to the needle
threader may result.
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
c • For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
Select a stitch.
(page 40).
d
Raise the presser foot lever.
75
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Position the side cutter so that the side cutter
f pin is aligned with the notch in the presser
foot holder, and then slowly lower the presser
foot lever.
Position the fabric.
j Position the fabric so that the right side of the
cut is on top of the guide plate and the left side
of the cut is underneath the presser foot.
b
a
a
a Notch in presser foot holder
b Pin
a Guide plate
X The side cutter is attached.
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
g side cutter is securely attached.
Pass the upper thread under the side cutter,
h and then pull it out toward the rear of the
sewing machine.
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If the
needle hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
Make a cut of about 2 cm (3/4 inch) long
i in the fabric at the beginning of the
stitching.
a
a 2 cm (3/4 inch)
76
Note
● If the fabric is not positioned correctly, the
fabric will not be cut.
Lower the presser foot lever, and then start
k sewing.
X A seam allowance is cut while the
stitching is sewn.
If stitch
is sewn, the seam allowance will be
3
about 5 mm (3/16 inch).
a
a 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Note
● The side cutter can cut as much as one layer
of 13-oz. denim.
● After using the side cutter, clean it by
removing any lint or dust.
● If the side cutter can no longer cut fabric,
use a rag to apply a small amount of oil to
the cutting edge of the cutter.
77
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
78
4 APPENDIX
Stitch Settings
Applications, stitch lengths and widths and whether the twin needle can be used are listed for utility stitches in
the following table.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
Straight stitch
Left
Center
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Application
Basic stitching,
J sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, and
J
sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
*1
No
Yes
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Reverse
–
–
*2
2.5
0.2–5.0
*1
Yes
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
(J)
Reverse
Zigzag stitch
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
Overcasting on
G thin or medium
weight fabrics
G
Overcasting on
thick fabrics
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
3.5
(1/8)
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
Manual
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Manual
Sewing stretch fab1.0
J rics and decorative
(1/16)
stitching
Auto
Walking
Foot
Auto
Stretch stitch
Overcasting
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Utility stitches
4
*2
2.5
1.0–4.0
Yes No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
(J)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
*2
*1
Yes
Yes
(J)
Reverse
2.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/16) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
*1 Do not use reverse stitching.
*2 Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
79
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
APPENDIX ——
—
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—
——
————
———
———
—————
———
———————
————————
—————
———
———
—
———
———
—
——
—
——
———
——
———
———
——
——
——
—
——
———
——
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
———
—
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Auto
Blind hem stitching
R on medium weight
fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
Blind hem stitching
on stretch fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
*2
1.0
0.2–4.0
Yes No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
(J)
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Blind hem stitch
R
3-point zigzag
stitch
Triple stretch
stitch
Overcasting on
medium weight or
J stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
Attaching sleeves,
sewing inseams,
J sewing stretch fabrics and decorative
stitching
*2
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.6–4.0
Yes No Reinforcement
(3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
(J)
Appliqué stitch
J Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
Fagoting stitch
Fagoting, smockJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
*2
2.5
1.0-4.0
Yes No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16)
(J)
Bar tack stitch
Reinforcing openings and areas
A
where the seam
easily comes loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/64) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Secured buttonA holes for fabrics
that have backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Horizontal buttonholes on thin and
A
medium weight
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2-1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Keyhole buttonA holes for thick or
furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Buttonhole stitch
*1 Do not use reverse stitching.
*2 Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
80
Maintenance
Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below.
Restrictions on oiling
In order to prevent damaging this machine, it must
not be oiled by the user.
This machine was manufactured with the necessary
amount of oil applied to ensure correct operation,
making periodic oiling unnecessary.
b
Raise the needle and presser foot lever.
c
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
If problems occur, such as difficulty turning the
handwheel or an unusual noise, immediately stop
using the machine, and contact you authorized
dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
Cleaning the machine
surface
Loosen the presser foot holder screw and
d remove the presser foot holder, and then
loosen the needle clamp screw and remove
the needle.
4
If the surface of the machine is dirty, lightly soak a
cloth in neutral detergent, squeeze it out firmly, and
then wipe the surface of the machine. After cleaning
it once with a wet cloth, wipe it again with a dry
cloth.
CAUTION
● Make sure that the sewing machine has been
turned off, and then unplug the power cord
before cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries
or an electric shock may occur.
● Do not use benzene, thinner or cleansing
powder, otherwise the machine may be
discolored or deformed.
Grasp both sides of the needle plate cover,
e and then slide it toward you to remove it.
a
Cleaning the race
Clean the hook and under the needle plate.
Sewing performance will suffer if lint and dust
collect in the race; therefore, it should be cleaned
periodically.
a the power cord from the electrical outlet.
Turn off the sewing machine, and then unplug
a Needle plate cover
f
Remove the bobbin case.
Grasp the front of the bobbin case, and then
pull it out.
CAUTION
● Make sure that the sewing machine has been
turned off, and then unplug the power cord
before cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries
or an electric shock may occur.
a
a Bobbin case
81
APPENDIX ————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
———————
—
Use the enclosed cleaning brush or a vacuum
g cleaner to remove any lint and dust from the
Insert the tabs on the needle plate cover into
i the needle plate, and then slide the cover back
race and its surrounding area.
into position.
a
b
a Cleaning brush
b Race
• Do not apply oil to the race or bobbin case.
Insert the bobbin case so that the S mark on
h the bobbin case aligns with the z mark on
machine as shown below.
Removing the needle plate
When the thread is tangled and cannot be removed
by cleaning the race, remove the needle plate.
a
Follow steps a through f on page 81.
Remove the needle plate by removing the
b screws with the included screwdriver.
• Align the S and z marks.
Remove the tangled thread from the needle
c plate.
Return the needle plate to its original position, and
a Smark
b zmark
c Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
d then tighten the screws with the included screwdriver.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break, or sewing
performance may suffer.
For a new bobbin case, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
● Be sure that the bobbin case is correctly
installed, otherwise the needle may break.
Note
● Align the two screw holes on the needle
plate with the two holes on the machine.
e
82
Follow steps g through i (page 82).
Troubleshooting
If the machine stops operating correctly, check the following possible problems before requesting service.
You can solve most problems by yourself. If you need additional help, the Brother Solutions Center offers the
latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Visit us at “ http://solutions.brother.com ” .
If the problem persists, contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
Frequent troubleshooting topics
Detailed causes and remedies for common troubleshooting topics are described below. Be sure to refer to this
before contacting us.
■ Upper thread tightened up
page 83
■ Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric
page 84
■ Incorrect thread tension
page 86
■ Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed
page 87
■ When the thread became tangled under the bobbin winder seat
page 90
Upper thread tightened up
■ Symptom
• The upper thread appears as a single
continuous line.
• The lower thread is visible from the upper
side of the fabric. (Refer to the illustration
below.)
• The upper thread has tightened up, and
comes out when pulled.
• The upper thread has tightened up, and
wrinkles appear in the fabric.
• The upper thread tension is tight, and the
results do not change even after the thread
tension is adjusted.
■ Cause
Incorrect lower threading
If the lower thread is incorrectly threaded, instead
of the appropriate tension being applied to the
lower thread, it is pulled through the fabric when
the upper thread is pulled up. For this reason, the
thread is visible from the upper side of the fabric.
■ Remedy/check details
Correctly install the lower thread.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b
Remove the bobbin from the bobbin case.
Place the bobbin in the bobbin case so that
c the thread unwinds in the correct direction.
• Hold the bobbin with your right hand with
the thread unwinding to the left, and hold
the end of the thread with your left hand.
Then, with your right hand, place the bobbin
in the bobbin case.
a Lower side of fabric
b Lower thread visible from upper side of
fabric
c Upper thread
d Upper side of fabric
e Lower thread
If the bobbin is inserted with the thread unwinding in
the wrong direction, sewing will be done with an
incorrect thread tension.
83
4
APPENDIX ————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
———————
—
While holding the bobbin in place with your
d finger, pass the thread through the slit in the
needle plate.
• Hold down the bobbin with your right hand,
and then pull the end of the thread around
the tab with your left hand.
Tangled thread on wrong
side of fabric
■ Symptom
• The thread becomes tangled on the lower
side of the fabric.
a Tab
b Hold down the bobbin with your right
hand.
Pull the thread to pass it through the slit in the
needle plate, then cut it with the cutter.
• After starting sewing, a rattling noise is made
and sewing cannot continue.
• Looking under the fabric, there is tangled
thread in the bobbin case.
■ Cause
Incorrect upper threading
If the upper thread is incorrectly threaded, the
upper thread passed through the fabric cannot be
firmly pulled up and the upper thread becomes
tangled in the bobbin case, causing a rattling
noise.
c Slit
d Cutter
Sewing with the correct thread tension is
possible after the bobbin has been correctly
installed in the bobbin case.
■ Remedy/check details
Remove the tangled thread, and then correct the
upper threading.
Remove the tangled thread. If it cannot be
a removed, cut the thread with scissors.
• For details, refer to “Cleaning the race” on
page 81.
b
Remove the upper thread from the machine.
c upper threading.
Refer to the following steps to correct the
• If the bobbin was removed from the bobbin
case, refer to “Installing the bobbin”
(page 18) and “Remedy/check details” in the
section “Upper thread tightened up”
(page 83) to correctly install the bobbin.
84
Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
d lever.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
g from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Presser foot lever
• If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
a
Press
(needle position button) once or
e twice to raise the needle.
a Thread guide cover
Thread the machine by guiding the thread
h along the path indicated by the number on the
machine.
4
a Needle position button
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine cannot be threaded. Check
that the mark on the handwheel points up as
shown in the illustration below. If the
handwheel is not in this position, be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before continuing the procedure.
Pass the thread behind the needle bar thread
i guide.
a
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, and pulling the thread into
the guide from right to left.
a Mark on handwheel
While holding the spool with your right hand,
f pull the thread with your left hand, and then
pass the thread under the thread guide.
a
a Needle bar thread guide
Next, use the needle threader to thread the
1
a Thread guide
j needle. Continue with the procedure from
step l of “Threading the upper thread”
(page 23).
85
APPENDIX ——
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—
——
————
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————————
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—
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———
—
——
—
——
———
——
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——
——
——
—
——
———
——
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
———
—
Incorrect thread tension
■ Symptoms
• Symptom 1: The lower thread is visible from the upper side of the fabric.
• Symptom 2: The upper thread appears as a straight line on the upper side of the fabric.
• Symptom 3: The upper thread is visible from the lower side of the fabric.
• Symptom 4: The lower thread appears as a straight line on the lower side of the fabric.
• Symptom 5: The stitching on the lower side of the fabric is loose or has slack.
❏ Symptom 1
❏ Symptom 3
a Lower side of fabric
b Lower thread visible
from upper side of fabric
c Upper thread
d Upper side of fabric
e Lower thread
f Upper thread visible
from lower side of fabric
■ Cause/remedy/check details
❏ Cause 1
The machine is not correctly threaded.
<With symptoms 1 and 2 described above>
The lower threading is incorrect.
Return the thread tension dial to “4”, and then
refer to “Upper thread tightened up” (page 83) to
correct the threading.
<With symptoms 3 through 5 described above>
The upper threading is incorrect.
Return the thread tension dial to “4”, and then
refer to “Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric”
(page 84) to correct the upper threading.
❏ Cause 2
A needle and thread appropriate for the fabric
are not being used.
The sewing machine needle that should be used
depends on the type of fabric sewn and the thread
thickness.
If a needle and thread appropriate for the fabric
are not being used, the thread tension will not be
adjusted correctly, causing wrinkles in the fabric
or skipped stitches.
• Refer to “Needle types and their uses”
(page 28) to check that a needle and thread
appropriate for the fabric are being used.
❏ Cause 3
An appropriate setting on the thread tension dial
is not selected.
Turn the thread tension dial to select an
appropriate thread tension.
The appropriate thread tension differs according
to the type of fabric and thread being used.
* Adjust the thread tension while test sewing
on a piece of scrap fabric that is the same as
that used in your project.
86
Note
● If the upper threading and lower threading
are incorrect, the thread tension cannot be
adjusted correctly, even by turning the
thread tension dial. Check the upper
threading and lower threading first, and
then adjust the thread tension.
• When the lower thread is visible from the
upper side of the fabric. Turn the thread
tension dial to a lower number (toward the
left). (Loosen the thread tension.)
• When the upper thread is visible from the
lower side of the fabric. Turn the thread
tension dial to a higher number (toward the
right). (Tighten the thread tension.)
Cut out the tangled threads, and then remove
g the bobbin.
Fabric is caught in the
machine and cannot be
removed
If the fabric is caught in the sewing machine and
cannot be removed, the thread may have become
tangled under the needle plate. Follow the procedure
described below to remove the fabric from the
machine. If the operation could not be completed
according to the procedure, instead of attempting to
complete it forcefully, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
■ Removing the fabric from the machine
a
Immediately stop the sewing machine.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
Remove the bobbin case.
h If threads remain in the bobbin case, remove
them.
Remove the needle.
c If the needle is lowered into the fabric, turn the
handwheel away from you (clockwise) to raise
the needle out of the fabric, and then remove
the needle.
• Refer to “Replacing the needle” (page 29).
d holder.
Remove the presser foot and presser foot
• Refer to “Replacing the presser foot”
(page 31) and “Removing the presser foot
holder” (page 32).
4
a Bobbin case
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum cleaner to
i remove any dust from the race and its
surrounding area.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads below it.
e If the fabric can be removed, remove it.
Continue with the following steps to clean the
race.
f
Remove the needle plate cover.
a Cleaning brush
b Race
If the fabric could be removed
Continue with
step j.
If the fabric could not be removed
Continue with
step p.
a
a Needle plate cover
• Refer to “Cleaning the race” (page 81).
87
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Use the enclosed disc-shaped screwdriver to
j loosen the two screws on the needle plate.
Note
● Be careful not to drop the removed screws
in the machine.
Turn the handwheel to check that the feed
dogs move smoothly and do not contact the
edges of the slots in the needle plate.
a Correct position of feed dogs
b Incorrect position of feed dogs
Note
Slightly lift up the needle plate, cut any tangled
k threads, and then remove the needle plate.
Remove the fabric and threads from the needle
plate.
● Be careful not to drop the removed screws
in the machine.
Insert the bobbin case so that the S mark on
p the bobbin case aligns with the z mark on
machine as shown below.
If the fabric cannot be removed, even after
completing these steps, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
l the feed dogs.
Remove any threads in the race and around
m
Turn the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
Align the two screw holes in the needle plate
n with the two holes at the needle plate
mounting base, and then fit the needle plate
onto the machine.
• Align the S and z marks.
Lightly finger-tighten the screw on the right
o side of the needle plate. Then, use the disc-
shaped screwdriver to firmly tighten the
screw on the left side. Finally, firmly tighten
the screw on the right side.
a Smark
b zmark
c Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
88
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break or sewing
performance may suffer. For a new bobbin
case (part code: XE7560-001), contact your
nearest authorized service center.
● Make sure that you fit the bobbin case
properly, otherwise the needle may break.
■ Checking machine operations
If the needle plate has been removed, check
machine operations to confirm that installation
has been completed correctly.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
Select
Note
● Do not yet install the presser foot and
thread.
Attach the needle plate cover according to
i in “Cleaning the race” (page 82).
q steps
Check the condition of the needle, and then
r install it.
If the needle is in a poor condition, for
example, if it is bent, be sure to install a new
needle.
• Refer to “Checking the needle” (page 29)
and “Replacing the needle” (page 29).
.
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
c (counterclockwise), and look from all sides to
check that the needle falls at the center of the
hole in the needle plate.
If the needle contacts the needle plate, remove
the needle plate, and then install it again,
starting with step m in “Removing the fabric
from the machine” (page 88).
CAUTION
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can
easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
Note
● After completing this procedure, continue
with the following procedure in “Checking
machine operations”to check that the
machine is operating correctly.
Memo
● Since the needle may have been damaged
when the fabric was caught in the machine,
we recommend replacing it with a new one.
a Hole in the needle plate
b Handwheel
d
Select zigzag stitch
. At this time, increase
the stitch length and width to their maximum
settings.
• For details on changing the settings, refer to
“Adjusting the stitch length and width”
(page 40).
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
e (counterclockwise) and check that the needle
bar and feed dogs operate correctly.
If the needle or feed dogs contact the needle
plate, the machine may be malfunctioning;
therefore, contact your nearest authorized
service center.
Turn off the machine, and then install the
f bobbin and presser foot.
• Refer to “Installing the bobbin” (page 18)
and “Replacing the presser foot” (page 31).
89
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Correctly thread the machine.
g • For details on threading the machine, refer to
“Threading the upper thread” (page 20).
Note
● The thread may have become tangled as a
result of incorrect upper threading. Make
sure that the machine is correctly threaded.
h
CAUTION
● Do not remove the bobbin winder seat even if
the thread become tangled under the bobbin
winder seat. It may result in injuries.
● Do not remove the screw of the bobbin
winder presser, otherwise the machine may
be damaged; you cannot wind off the thread
by removing the screw.
Perform trial sewing with normal fabric.
a
Note
● Incorrect sewing may be the result of
incorrect upper threading or sewing thin
fabrics. If there are poor results from the trial
sewing, check the upper threading or the
type of fabric being used.
a Screw of the bobbin winder presser
If the thread become tangled under the
(start/stop
button) once to stop the bobbin winding.
When the foot controller is plugged in, remove
your foot from the foot controller.
a bobbin winder seat, press
When the thread became
tangled under the bobbin
winder seat
If the bobbin winding starts when the thread is not
passed under the pretension disk of the bobbinwinding thread guide correctly, the thread may
become tangled under the bobbin winder seat.
In such a case, wind off the thread according to the
following procedure.
a Start/stop button
Cut the thread with scissors beside the
b bobbin-winding thread guide.
b
a
a
a Thread
b Bobbin winder seat
a Bobbin-winding thread guide
90
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the left, and
c then remove the bobbin from the shaft.
Hold the thread end with your left hand, and
d wind off the thread clockwise near the bobbin
with your right hand as shown below.
4
e
Wind the bobbin again.
Note
● Make sure that the thread passes under the
pretension disk of the bobbin-winding
thread guide correctly (page 16).
91
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List of symptoms
Symptom
The sewing
machine does
not operate.
Probable Cause
Remedy
Insert the plug of the power cord into
page 14
a household electrical outlet.
The machine is not turned on.
Turn on the machine.
page 14
The bobbin winder shaft is moved to
the right.
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the
left.
page 17
The presser foot lever is raised.
Lower the presser foot lever.
page 42
A stitch other than the buttonhole or
bar tack stitch was selected and the
start/stop button was pressed while
the buttonhole lever is lowered.
Raise the buttonhole lever.
–
The buttonhole or bar tack stitch was
selected and the start/stop button was
pressed while the buttonhole lever is Pull down the buttonhole lever.
raised.
The needle
breaks.
92
Reference
The plug of the power cord is not
inserted into an electrical outlet.
page 58
The start/stop button was pressed,
even though the foot controller is
connected.
Do not use the start/stop button when
the foot controller is connected. To
use the start/stop button, disconnect page 42
the foot controller.
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The needle clamp screw is loose.
Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten
the screw.
page 30
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 29
The combination of fabric, thread and Select a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 28
The presser foot appropriate for the
type of stitch that you wish to sew is
not used.
page 79
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
The upper thread tension is too tight.
Loosen the upper thread tension.
page 47
The fabric is pulled too much.
Lightly guide the fabric.
–
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 15
Symptom
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
The upper thread was incorrectly
threaded (for example, the spool is
incorrectly installed or the thread has Correct the upper threading.
come out of the needle bar thread
guide).
page 20
There are knots or tangles in the
thread.
–
Remove any knots or tangles.
The selected needle is not
Select a needle that is appropriate for page 28
appropriate for the thread being used. the type of stitch being used.
The upper thread tension is too tight.
The upper thread
breaks.
The lower thread
is tangled or
breaks.
Loosen the upper thread tension.
page 47
The thread is tangled, for example, in Remove the tangled thread. If the
thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
the bobbin case.
clean the race.
page 81
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 29
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 15
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the bobbin threading.
page 18
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
wound.
Correctly wind the bobbin.
page 15
There are scratches on the bobbin or
it doesn’t rotate properly.
Replace the bobbin.
–
The thread is tangled.
Remove the tangled thread and clean
page 81
the race.
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
4
page 15
93
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Symptom
The thread tension is incorrect.
The fabric is
puckered.
Stitches are
skipped.
Probable Cause
Reference
The upper thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the upper threading.
page 20
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the bobbin threading.
page 18
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
wound.
Correctly wind the bobbin.
page 15
Select a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 28
The presser foot holder is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the presser foot
holder.
page 33
The thread tension is incorrectly set.
Adjust the thread tension.
page 47
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 15
The upper thread or bobbin thread is
incorrectly installed.
Correctly thread the upper thread and page 18,
correctly install the bobbin thread.
20
The spool is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the spool.
page 15
Select a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 28
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 29
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too long or the fabric is not
being fed correctly.
Sew with stabilizer material under the page 49
fabric.
The thread tension is incorrectly set.
Adjust the thread tension.
page 47
The upper thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the upper threading.
page 20
Select a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 28
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 29
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
Dust has accumulated under the
needle plate or in the bobbin case.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the bobbin case.
page 81
Dust has accumulated in the feed
dogs or in the bobbin case.
Clean the bobbin case.
page 81
Correct the upper threading.
page 20
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 15
The upper thread is incorrectly
installed.
A high-pitched
sound is produced while sew- The bobbin case is scratched.
ing.
A rattling noise is
produced.
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
94
Remedy
Symptom
The thread does
not pass through
the eye of the
needle.
The stitch is not
sewn correctly.
The fabric does
not feed.
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
Press
(needle position button)
once or twice to raise the needle.
page 21
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The presser foot appropriate for the
type of stitch that you wish to sew is
not used.
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
page 79
The thread tension is incorrectly set.
Adjust the thread tension.
page 47
The needle was not raised.
Remove the tangled thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
the bobbin case.
clean the race.
page 81
The feed dogs are lowered.
Slide the feed dog position switch to
.
page 70
The stitch is too short.
Lengthen the stitch length.
page 40
Select a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 28
Remove the tangled thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
the bobbin case.
clean the race.
page 81
Zigzag foot “J” is slanted on a thick
seam at the beginning of stitching.
Use the presser foot locking pin
(black button on the left side) on
zigzag foot “J” to keep the presser
foot level while sewing.
page 49
The sewing lamp is damaged.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
After removing the thread wound
below the bobbin winder seat,
wind the bobbin correctly.
page 90
Correctly pass the thread through the
bobbin-winding thread guide.
page 15
Move the sewing speed controller to
the right (so that the speed will be
fast).
page 17
Wind the thread that was pulled off
round the bobbin five or six times
clockwise.
page 17
Thread is tangled below the needle
plate.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads
below it, and clean the race.
page 87
The feed mechanism is damaged.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The upper thread The bobbin thread is incorrectly
has tightened up. installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
page 18,
86
The thread is tanYou have not threaded the upper
gled on the
wrong side of the thread properly.
fabric.
Correct the upper threading.
page 20,
84
The sewing lamp
does not come
on.
While winding
the bobbin, the
bobbin thread
You have not wound the bobbin
was wound
thread properly.
below the bobbin
winder seat.
The thread is not passed through the
bobbin-winding thread guide
correctly.
Bobbin thread
does not wind
Bobbin spins slowly.
neatly on the
bobbin.
The thread that was pulled out was
not wound onto the bobbin
correctly.
Fabric being
sewn with the
machine cannot
be removed.
The fabric feeds
in the opposite
direction.
4
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Error Messages
If the sewing machine is incorrectly operated or if the sewing machine malfunctions, an error message appears
in the LCD.
The message can be cleared by pressing any key in the operation panel, turning any dial, or performing the
operation correctly.
Error Code
No.
Error Message
(in LCD)
Probable Cause
Remedy
E1
The start/stop button or the reverse/reinforcement stitch button was pressed (The
foot controller was depressed if it is connected.) while the presser foot is raised.
Lower the presser foot
before continuing the
operation.
E2
A stitch other than the buttonhole or bar
tack stitch was selected and the start/stop
button was pressed (The foot controller
was depressed if it is connected.) while
the buttonhole lever is lowered.
Raise the buttonhole lever
before continuing the
operation.
E3
The buttonhole or bar tack stitch was
selected and the start/stop button was
pressed (The foot controller was
depressed if it is connected.) while the
buttonhole lever is raised.
Lower the buttonhole lever
before continuing the
operation.
E4
The reverse/reinforcement stitch button or
needle position button was pressed while
the bobbin winder shaft is moved to the
right.
Move the bobbin winder
shaft to the left before continuing the operation.
E5
The start/stop button was pressed, even
though the foot controller is connected.
Disconnect the foot
controller, and then press
the start/stop button.
Otherwise, operate the
machine by using the foot
controller.
E6
The motor locked up because the thread
is tangled.
Turn off the machine and
remove the tangled thread
before continuing the
operation.
Memo
● If error message “F1” through “F9” appears in the LCD while the sewing machine is being used, the
machine may be malfunctioning. Contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
96
Operation Beep
Each time a key is pressed or an incorrect operation is performed, a beep is sounded.
■ For a correct operation
One beep is sounded.
■ If an incorrect operation is performed
Two or four beeps are sounded.
■ If the machine locks up, for example, because the thread is tangled
The sewing machine continues to beep for three seconds, and then the machine automatically stops.
Be sure to check for the cause of the error, and correct it before continuing to sew.
4
97
Index
Numerics
N
1/4 inch quilting foot......................................................12
1/4 inch quilting foot with guide ....................................12
needle ............................................................................ 27
needle plate cover.......................................................... 81
needle position............................................................... 53
needle position button....................................................18
needle set....................................................................... 11
needle stop position ....................................................... 35
non stick foot ................................................................. 12
A
accessory bag.................................................................11
adjustable zipper/piping foot ..........................................12
appliques .......................................................................68
attaching elastic tape......................................................66
B
bar tack stitching ............................................................73
basic stitching .................................................. 52, 62, 63
blind hem stitching.........................................................54
blind stitch foot ..............................................................11
bobbin ...........................................................................11
bobbin cover..................................................................18
bobbin thread................................................... 15, 18, 50
button fitting foot............................................................11
buttonhole......................................................................56
buttonhole foot................................................. 11, 57, 73
buttonhole lever ......................................................58, 73
buttonhole stitching........................................................56
C
changing sewing direction..............................................48
cleaning .........................................................................81
cleaning brush.........................................................11, 82
crazy quilts.....................................................................69
D
disc-shaped screwdriver .................................................11
E
error messages................................................................96
extra spool pin ........................................................11, 25
eyelet punch ..................................................................58
F
fagoting ..........................................................................69
feed dog position switch.................................................70
feed dogs........................................................................70
flat bed attachment.........................................................10
foot controller ................................................................11
free-motion quilting........................................................70
I
included accessories ......................................................11
M
main power switch.........................................................14
maintenance ..................................................................81
98
O
open toe foot.................................................................. 12
operation beep ............................................................... 97
operation buttons ............................................................. 9
operation manual ........................................................... 11
operation panel ................................................ 10, 40, 96
optional accessories ....................................................... 12
overcasting foot.......................................................11, 52
P
patchwork ...................................................................... 69
pattern selection dial ...................................................... 40
power supply ................................................................. 13
presser foot..................................................................... 31
presser foot holder.......................................................... 32
presser foot holding pin.................................................. 49
presser foot lever ............................................................ 20
Q
quick reference guide..................................................... 11
quilting foot.............................................................12, 70
quilting guide ................................................................. 12
R
race................................................................................ 81
replacing the needle....................................................... 27
S
safety instructions............................................................. 1
seam ripper .............................................................11, 58
selecting a stitch............................................................. 40
sewing curves................................................................. 48
sewing heavyweight fabric ............................................. 48
sewing lightweight fabric................................................ 49
sewing machine needles ................................................ 27
sewing speed controller.................................................. 17
sewing stretch fabrics ..................................................... 49
side cutter ...................................................................... 12
spool cap ....................................................................... 11
spool net ........................................................................ 11
spool pin ........................................................................ 20
stitch guide foot.............................................................. 12
stitch length.................................................................... 40
stitch settings.................................................................. 79
stitch width .................................................................... 40
straight stitch .................................................................. 53
stretch stitching ..............................................................66
T
thread guide ...................................................................20
thread tension ................................................................47
thread tension dial..........................................................47
triple stretch stitching .....................................................72
twin needle .............................................................11, 25
U
upper thread...................................................................20
W
walking foot ............................................................12, 33
wide table ...............................................................12, 36
Z
zigzag foot ..............................................................11, 49
zipper foot...............................................................11, 63
zipper insertion ..............................................................62
99
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product
support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).
English
888-V11
Printed in Vietnam
XE2430-3015