Caple | RBR5 | Specifications | Caple RBR5 Specifications

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introduction
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Spécification du produit
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installation
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fonctionnement
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Dépannage
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Référence
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Contact
Introduction
DESCRIPTION SOMMAIRE DU PRODUIT :
Le " LMKG série 2001 " est un système d'alarme programmable à dispositifs de sécurité multiples, conçu pour tout établissement
nécessitant une surveillance constante. Il a été conçu en premier lieu comme matériel pédagogique pouvant servir dans les cours de Projets
et de Dépannages. Le système est modulaire et facile à dépanner.
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Le système " LMKG " comprend quatre modes de détection :
Caméra de surveillance fixe servant de témoin pour l'endroit à surveillé.
Détecteur de mouvement par réflexions.
Capteur de chaleur programmable.
Capteur magnétique, pour détecter un déplacement.
Tous les capteurs sont reliés au système d'alarme. Du système d'alarme les données sont transmises par fibre optique full duplex jusqu'à
l'interface (convertisseur port série rs-232) au PC. Le PC pourra ainsi lire toutes les informations utiles telles que la température,
introduction d'un intrus et déplacement d'un objet.
Ce système est idéal pour contrôler la sécurité et réduire le nombre d'agent de sécurité. Le " LMKG série 2001" est indispensable pour
toutes applications commerciale, gouvernementale et industrielles.
http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/azmuth1/projet1.html [2001-03-28 22:43:10]
introduction
Introduction
DESCRIPTION SOMMAIRE DU PRODUIT :
Le " LMKG série 2001 " est un système d'alarme programmable à dispositifs de sécurité multiples, conçu pour tout établissement
nécessitant une surveillance constante. Il a été conçu en premier lieu comme matériel pédagogique pouvant servir dans les cours de
Projets et de Dépannages. Le système est modulaire et facile à dépanner.
●
●
●
●
Le système " LMKG " comprend quatre modes de détection :
Caméra de surveillance fixe servant de témoin pour l'endroit à surveillé.
Détecteur de mouvement par réflexions.
Capteur de chaleur programmable.
Capteur magnétique, pour détecter un déplacement.
Tous les capteurs sont reliés au système d'alarme. Du système d'alarme les données sont transmises par fibre optique full duplex jusqu'à
l'interface (convertisseur port série rs-232) au PC. Le PC pourra ainsi lire toutes les informations utiles telles que la température,
introduction d'un intrus et déplacement d'un objet.
Ce système est idéal pour contrôler la sécurité et réduire le nombre d'agent de sécurité. Le " LMKG série 2001" est indispensable pour
toutes applications commerciale, gouvernementale et industrielles.
http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/azmuth1/intro.html [2001-03-28 22:43:20]
Spécifications
Spécifications
SPÉCIFICATIONS DU PRODUIT
Le système est subdiviser en trois parties distinctes :
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Un système de traitement de l'information.
Un système de transmission/réception.
Un système de gestion.
Chaque parties seront détaillées dans les lignes suivantes :
Spécification du capteur électromagnétique
capteur électromagnétique
sortie
deux états possibles
alimentation +5 volts DC
Spécification du capteur de température
Capteur de température
sortie
deux états possibles
alimentation +5 volts DC
Spécification du détecteur de mouvement
Capteur de mouvement
sortie
numérique
alimentation +30 volts DC
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Spécifications
Spécifications
Spécifications de la carte I/O
Carte I/O
alimentation
deux états: capteur de température, capteur de mouvent, capteur infra-rouge, module fibre
optique vers micro-contrôleur
+15 v, -15 v, +5 v
Amplificateur de température
gain de 10 avec un offset de 1volt
entrée
Amplificateur de détecteur de mouvement gain de 18
2 buffers
sortie
utilisé les portes ET du 7400
numérique: avertisseur sonore, led vert, led rouge, lien f.o vers le pc
Spécifications de la carte RS-232
RS-232
entrée/sortie
deux états
alimentation d'entrée +5 volts DC
alimentation de sortie +12 v, -12 v, port série du pc
Spécifications du TX/RX fibre optique
TX/RX
entrée/sortie
deux états
alimentation
+5 volts
taux de transfert max 9600
communication
full duplex
fibre optique
multimode, 62.5/125 micro-mètre
type de connecteur
ST
Pour des spécification sur le UART et le micro-contrôleur, voir la page de référence.
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Installation
Installation
MATÉRIEL REQUIS:
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1 kit LMKG série 2001
Ordinateur
1 tournevis étoile moyen
LISTE DES PIÈCES POUR UN KIT DE LMKG SÉRIE 2001
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1 Boîtier
1 Bloc d'alimentation ( +/-5Vdc +/- 12 V dc +/- 30 V dc)
1 Carte bus
1 Carte Contrôleur MC
1 Carte Communication série UART
1 Carte I/Oü 1 Carte interface rs-232
1 Carte win TV
1 Disquette
1 Avertisseur sonore
1 Capteur électromagnétique
1 Capteur de chaleur
1 Détecteur de mouvement
1 Mini-caméraü 1 Fil RCA
2 Transmetteurs à fibre optique
2 Récepteurs à fibre optique
2 Fibres optiques ü 1 Plaque réfléchissante
1 Sac de vis
PROCÉDURE D'INSTALLATION
1. Déballer les pièces et vérifiez la liste.
2. Fixer le bloc d'alimentation et alimenter la carte bus à +5V dc et +/-15 V dc, le détecteur de mouvement à +/-30 V dc, les
transmetteurs et récepteurs à 5V dc et le RS-232 à+5V dc.
3. Alimenter la mini-caméra 120V ac.
4. Installer la " Carte Contrôleur MC " dans la fente MC de la carte Bus.
5. Installer la " Carte Communication série UART " dans la fente COM de la carte Bus.
6. Installer la " Carte I/O " dans une des fente I/O de la carte Bus
7. Installer la " Carte interface RS-232 " à l'arrière de l'ordinateur sur un port série libre.
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Installation
Mini-caméra
1. Avant d'installer la carte Win TV mettre le PC hors tension.
2. Toucher le châssis du PC avec la main pour décharger de toute électricité statique, avant de sortir la carte de son emballage.
3. Insérer la carte Win TV dans le connecteur PCI disponible(connecteur bu- master PCI).Il est important que Windows 95/98 soit
installé.
4. Pour installer la caméra, il suffit de raccorder la prise RCA(vidéo)de la caméra à la prise RCA de la carte Win TV dans le PC.
5. Alimenter la caméra à l'aide du bloc d'alimentation fourni.
6. Ouvrir le programme hauppauge,Win TV 32.
Avertisseur sonore
1.L'alimentation de l'avertisseur sonore est sur la carte I/O (5 Vdc)
2.Installer l'avertisseur prêt de l'objet à protéger.
Capteur de chaleur
1.Alimenter à 5Vdc+mise à la terre..
2.Installer la capteur de chaleur dans le centre de la pièce pour avoir une meilleur température d'ensemble.
Capteur électromagnétique
1.Alimenter 5 Vdc +mise à la terre.
2.Installer le capteur sous l'objet.
Détecteur de mouvement
1.Alimenter à 30Vdc +mise à la terre.
2.Installer le détecteur de mouvement devant l'objet a protéger et installer la plaque réfléchissante devant l'objectif.
Module transmission et de réception à fibre optique
1.Toujours installer les deux connecteurs au module à fibre optique avant d'alimenter les modules, pour la transmission et la réception.
2.Ne jamais regarder dedans la fibre si elle est allimentée.
3.Alimenter le premier module à 5 Vdc + la mise à la terre.
4.Installer le module 1 prêt du boiter du système d'alarme.
5.Alimenter le module2 à 5 Vdc +la mise à la terre.
6.Installer l e module 2 prêt du PC et installer entré et la sortie du module au RS-232.
Programme principale
1.Insérer la disquette du programme principale dans le lecteur A.
2.Aller dans le poste de travail, double click sur disquette A et double click sur install Ce programme crée un icône sur le bureau et
copie les fichiers dans l'ordinateur.
3..Exécuter le programme.
4.Choisisser votre code d'accès et un nom d'utilisateur. 7. Relier avec le câble coaxiale de 20 cm la carte Communication RF 916 MHz
au connecteur du boîtier. 8. Fermer le couvercle & connectez l'antenne sur le connecteur du boîtier 9. Brancher les senseurs, sonde,
actionneur etc. sur la carte I/O
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Installation(suite)
Installation(suite)
CARTE BUS ISA
À partir de cette carte vous pouvez insérez les cartes à connection ISA Chaque emplacement est bien identifier.
Carte I/O
Vous insérez la carte I/O
Carte micro-contrôleur
Vous insérez la carte du micro-contrôleur
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Installation(suite)
Carte UART
Vous insérez la carte du UART
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Installation
Installation
Fibre optique
Pour alimenter le module de la fibre optique TX/RX, on prend l'alimentation sur le bornier de la carte I/O(5V, mise à la terre)
MAX RS-232
On installe le MAX 232 à la sortie du module de la fibre optique (Vin et Vout) et le RS 232 à l'entrée du connecteur DB-9(série) du PC"
et les quatre capteurs sont installés sur les borniers de la carte I/O.
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Fonctionnement
Fonctionnement global
Fonctionnement global:
Fonctionnement global
Avertisseur sonore : Lorsqu'une alarme est activée, l'avertisseur sonore se met en fonction.
Capteur magnétique : Le capteur magnétique gère les allée et venue dans la pièce à protéger.
Capteur infra-rouge : Il détecte tout mouvements dans la pièce autour de l'endroit à protéger
Capteur de température : Lis la température ambiante de la pièce afin de respecter les normes pré-établies.
Carte I/O : Elle adapte les signaux provenant des capteurs afin qu'ils soient correctement transmis au micro-contrôleur. Elle sert aussi
d'interface entre le UART et le module TX, RX fibre optique .
Caméra : La caméra de surveillance sert de gardien virtuel à l'endroit protégé. Elle est reliée directement à l'interface de l'usagé (PC) par
câble RCA et n'a aucune relation avec les autres modules du système.
Micro-contrôleur : Le programme insérer dans le micro-contrôleur gère les capteurs reliés à la carte I/O et transmet numériquement au
UART l'information provenant de cette dernières.
UART : Sa principale fonction est de convertir les données parallèle provenant du micro-contrôleur en données sérielles à des fins de
transport et vice-versa.. Il est relié à la carte I/O pour permettre la transmission des données au module TX-RX fibre optique.
Modules de transmission et de réception fibre optique : Ces deux modules adaptent le signal électriques à la sortie du UART en signal
lumineux afin qu'il soit transmis sur fibre optique et reconverti en signal électrique avant d'entrée dans le MAX-232. N.B :Le premier
module est relié à la carte I/O car c'est elle qui sert de lien entre le UART et le module fibre optique.
MAX-232 : Sert d'interface entre le UART et le poste de l'usagé. Il converti les données série +5 volts qu'il reçoit en données sérielles
bipolaires NRZ (+12 et -12 volts) et vice-versa. Il est relié au UART par les deux modules de TX-RX fibre optique.
Poste de l'usagé : Agit comme poste de contrôle pour tous les modules contrôlés par le micro-contrôleur. Il permet l'activation et la
désactivation du système d'alarme. Un code d'utilisateur est nécessaire afin d'y accéder.
Carte bus : Elle est utilisée comme support et inter relie la carte M.C, huart et la carte I/O .
Plan de fonctionnement
À la page suivant vous pourrez visionner le fonctionnement de la programmation utilisée
pour le projet.
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Fonctionnement(suite)
Fonctionnement (suite)
Fonctionnement des programmes Micro- contrôleur et visual basic.
Le LMKG alarme série 2001 possède un interface facile d'utilisation crée à l'aide de Visual Basic. Dans ce chapitre une brève
explication du fonctionnement des programmes vous aideront à mieux comprendre de quel façon fonctionne le système.
Micro- contrôleur
Le micro contrôleur 68705 R3 à été programmer de tel façon, que lorsque le système se met en marche, il transmet des données envers
l'interface PC afin de donnée l'état des capteurs ainsi que l'état de la température. Si un capteurs est activé ou si la température augmente
ou s'abaisse à des point critiques, le micro déclenche automatiquement un avertisseur sonore en plus d'un voyant lumineux rouge pour
signifier qu'il y a alarme. Ensuite le micro envoie l'état de ses capteurs et de la température vers le Pc.
voir l'organigramme de transmission du micro-contrôleur
voir l'organigramme de réception du micro-contrôleur
voir la programmation
Visual Basic
L'interface sur le Pc à été crée à l'aide de VB. Le fonctionnement de la programmation VB est comme suit. Premièrement , lorsque
l'utilisateur met en fonction l'interface à l'aide de son nom et de son mot de passe, le Vb active le port série afin de recevoir les données
envoyer par le micro. Ensuite il gère la longueur de la trame envoyer par le micro afin de bien mettre les bonne données aux bons
endroits. Par exemple lorsque le Pc a reçu le caractère " a " envoyer par le micro, il sait que c'est le début de la trame et commence à
entrer ses données dans le buffer et lorsque sa trame est complète il affiche les résultats à l'écran. Lorsque l'usager se " log " une caméra
est activer afin de pouvoir avoir une vue d'ensemble de l'endroit à surveiller. Sil y a alarme, l'interface indique clairement à l'usager à
l'aide de dessin représentatif qui se met à flasher où se situe l'alarme. De plus, si l'usager ne se retrouve pas devant son poste au moment
de l'alarme, le VB envoie un message directement sur le paget de l'usager.
voir l'organigramme générale
voir l'organigramme de réception
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Fonctionnement(suite)
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Programme de micro 68705-R3
Programme du micro-contrôleur
***************************************************
* Projet : SYSTEME D'ALARME *
* Titre : Programmme Test pour TEMPERATURE *
**
* Fichier : UARTEST2.ASM *
* Auteur : MARTIN GAGNON *
* Vers Orig : V1.0 *
* Date : 01/12/2000 *
* Vers Cour : V1.1 *
* Date : 01/12/2000 *
* Note Vers : *
**
* Ordinateur : PC *
* Compilateur : IASM05 *
* Microcontrl : MC68705 R3 *
* Fonct Prg : *
***************************************************
* Definition des Variables *
***************************************************
Debut EQU $80 ; Adr debut du code PRG
PortA EQU $00 ; Adr Port Interrupteurs
PortB EQU $01 ; Adr port d'Affichage
PortC EQU $02 ; Adr Port 3 LED et +
DDRA EQU $04 ; Adr Data Direct Port A
DDRB EQU $05 ; Adr Data Direct Port B
DDRC EQU $06 ; Adr Data Direct Port C
TDR EQU $08 ; Adr Regist Data Timer
TCR EQU $09 ; Adr Regist Contrl Timer
MR EQU $0A ; Adr Regist Miscellaneous
ACR EQU $0E ; Adr Regist Contrl A/N
ARR EQU $0F ; Adr Regist Result A/N
VALEUR EQU $10 ; memorise le valeur A/N
Temp1 EQU $12
Temp2 EQU $13
Temp3 EQU $14
ATemp EQU $15 ; Adr Temporaire accumulateur
XTemp EQU $16 ; Adr Temporaire reg index
XTemp1 EQU $17 CAPTEUR EQU $18 ; MEMORISE ETAT DES CAPTEURS
ALARME EQU $19 ; ETAT DE L ALARME
CAPT1 EQU 0 ; PD0
CAPT2 EQU 1 ; PA5
CAPT3 EQU 2 ; PA6
LED1 EQU 4 ; PC0
LED2 EQU 5 ; PC1
BUZZER EQU 6 ; PC2
TBRL EQU 3 ; Bascule INV pour activer
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Programme de micro 68705-R3
; la Tx du UART ( PA0 )
; CTRL sur PB1
;CRL EQU ; Bascule pour charger les
; param de Tx et Rx du UART
; CTRL sur PA1
DDR EQU 1 ;
TRE EQU 2 ;
RRD EQU 0
Vecteurs EQU $FF8 ; Adr depart des Vecteurs
***************************************************
* Debut du Programme *
***************************************************
ORG Debut
***************************************************
* UART RBR1-8 HIGH IMPEDANCE *
***************************************************
DEPART_RESET BSET RRD,PORTA ; MET LE UART EN TX ET MET
; EN HAUTE IMPEDANCE LE
; RBR1-8
***************************************************
* Initialisation des variables *
***************************************************
CLR XTemp
CLR ATEMP
CLR TEMP1
CLR VALEUR
CLR CAPTEUR
CLR ALARME
***************************************************
* Definition des Ports en Entree/Sortie *
***************************************************
* LE PORT A: *
***************************************************
LDA #%10011011 ;Les 8 bits du port A
STA DDRA ;sont defini en entrees/SORTIE
***************************************************
* LE PORT B: *
***************************************************
LDA #$FF ;Les 8 bits port B
STA DDRB ; PORT DATA UART
***************************************************
* LE PORT C: *
***************************************************
LDA #%00001111 ;Les 8 bits du port C
STA DDRC ;
JSR SRINITUART ; Initialise le UART
***************************************************
* Programme Principal *
***************************************************
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Programme de micro 68705-R3
BSET RRD,PORTA ; MET LE UART EN TX ET MET
; EN HAUTE IMPEDANCE LE
; RBR1-8
DEPART BCLR 0,PORTC
BSET 1,PORTC
BCLR 2,PORTC
LDA PORTA
AND #%01100000
LSRA
LSRA
LSRA
LSRA
LSRA
STA CAPTEUR
JSR SRLIREVALEUR; lit le Canal 0
JSR SRAFFICHE ; AFFICHE VALEUR
LDA Valeur ;
CMP #!178 ; ( 3.5V )
BHI MSG1 ;
CMP #!76 ; ( 1.5V )
BLO MSG1
LDA CAPTEUR
CMP #$00
BEQ ATTEND
MSG1 JSR ALLED ; (ALLUME LED)
BSET 2,PORTC
JSR SRMSG1
JSR SRMSG1
JSR SRRECEPTION ;INCLURE SOUS ROUTINE DE RECEPTION DE CARACTERE
BRA DEPART
ATTEND JSR SRMSG1
JSR SRDELAI
BRA DEPART ; RECOMMENCE
***************************************************
* SECTION SOUS-ROUTINE *
***************************************************
***************************************************
* Sous Routine: Initialise le UART *
***************************************************
SRINITUART BSET TBRL,PortA ; Init TBRL
BSET DDR,PortA ; DRR -|_|NOP
BCLR DDR,PortA ; Charge parametres
NOP ; de TX et de Rx
BSET DDR,PortA ; (e.i. 8 N 1 )
RTS
***************************************************
* Sous Routine: Lecture d'un Canal 0 *
***************************************************
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Programme de micro 68705-R3
SRLIREVALEUR LDA #$00 ; choisi canal 0
; et active Conv
STA ACR
LOOPAN0 BRCLR 7,ACR,LOOPAN0
LDA ARR
STA VALEUR ; sauve valeur
RTS
***************************************************
* Sous Routine: TRANSMETTRE TRAME *
**
***************************************************
SRMSG1 LDA #'A' ; BIT DE VERIFICATION
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA #'B' ; BIT DE VERIFICATION
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA #'C' ; BIT DE VERIFICATION
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA #'D' ; BIT DE VERIFICATION
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA VALEUR ; ENVOIE TEMPÉRATURE
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA CAPTEUR ; ÉTAT DES CAPTEURS
ADD #$30
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA ALARME ; ETAT DES ALARMES
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
LDA #'E' ; BIT DE FIN
JSR SRUARTXCAR ; affiche 1 caractere
JSR SRDELAI
RTS ; retour prog princ
***************************************************
* Sous Routine: TX un CARACTERE AVEC UART *
***************************************************
SRUARTXCAR STA PortB ; Place la donnee
; sur Reg TX UART
; TBR0-TBR7
NOP
NOP
BCLR TBRL,PortA ; Active la transmission
NOP
NOP ; Dmin 150 ns
BSET TBRL,PortA ;
RTS
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Programme de micro 68705-R3
***************************************************
* Sous Routine: DELAI ENTRE LES LECTURES *
***************************************************
SRDELAI LDA #$FF ; Nombre de fois que la boucle
; interne sera repetee(1 a 255)
CompInt LDX #$FF ; Valeur a compter de la boucle interne
Compteur DECX ; Decremente la Valeur a Compter interne
BNE Compteur; Branche a Compteur si CompInt n'est pas zero
DECA ; Enleve 1 a la valeur cible
BNE CompInt ; Recommence la boucle interne tant que
; la cible n'est pas zero
RTS
***************************************************
* Sous Routine : d'affiche *
***************************************************
SRAFFICHE LDA VALEUR ; LIRE VALEUR
STA PORTB ; AFFICHE PORT B
RTS
***************************************************
* SOUS-ROUTINE LED *
***************************************************
ALLED BSET 0,PORTc ;
bclr 1,portc ;
A CHANGER RTS
****************************************************
*****************************************************
* SOUS-ROUTINE DE RÉCEPTION DE CARACTERE *
*****************************************************
SRRECEPTION LDA #$00
STA DDRB
BCLR RRD,PORTA ; REMET LE UART EN RECEPTION
STOP LDA PORTB
STA ALARME
CMP #%00000001
BNE STOP
BCLR 2,PORTC
STOP1 LDA PORTB
STA ALARME
CMP #%00000010
BNE STOP1
BSET RRD,PORTA ; MET LE UART EN TX ET MET
; EN HAUTE IMPEDANCE LE
; RBR1-8
LDA #$FF
STA DDRB
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Programme de micro 68705-R3
BCLR 0,PORTC
BSET 1,PORTC
CLR XTemp
CLR ATEMP
CLR TEMP1
CLR VALEUR
CLR CAPTEUR
CLR ALARME
RTS
*****************************************************
* Definition des Vecteurs d'Interruption *
*****************************************************
ORG Vecteurs
IntTimer FDB DEPART
IntExterne FDB DEPART
IntLogiciel FDB DEPART
Reset FDB DEPART_RESET
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fonctionnement
Procédures de tests
procédures de tests
Procédure de test : Test du capteur magnétique
1- Alimenter le capteur avec une tension de 5 volts.
2- Installer les sondes d'oscilloscopes.
3- Calibrer les sondes d'oscilloscopes.
4- Mettre sous-tension.
Résultats du test # 6 : Test du capteur magnétique
1- Lorsque l'aimant est rapproché du contact, à l'écran de l'oscilloscope, une tension continue de 5 volts est obtenue. Ce qui indique que
le relais est en position ouvert et qu'il n'y a pas de continuité électrique à l'intérieur de celui-ci.
2- Quand l'aimant est éloigné du contact, la tension aux bornes de celui-ci devient nulle. À ce moment le courant est maximum et est
limité par une résistance de 1kW située entre la source et le contact.
capteur magnétique
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Fonctionnement
Procédure de tests (suite)
suite...procédures de test
Procédure de test : Test de l'avertisseur sonore
1- Alimenter le capteur à 5 volts.
Résultats du test : Test de l'avertisseur sonore
Des qu'il est alimenté, l'avertisseur sonore émet un signal.
Avec le multimètre nous avons vérifié combien de courant est consommé (2 milliampères).
Avec la programmation, l'avertisseur sonore va fonctionner par intermittence dès qu'un capteur détecte une situation anormale.
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fonctionnement
Procédures de tests (suite)
Procédure de test (suite) : Test du capteur de température
1- Alimenter le capteur tel qu'indiqué dans les fiches techniques pour que celui-ci soit capable d'indiquer des valeurs autant positives
que négatives.
2- Calibrer une sonde d'oscilloscope.
3- Brancher la sonde d'oscilloscope à la patte Vout du capteur.
4- À l'aide d'un multimètre possédant une sonde de température, vérifier si le capteur réagit bien comme il est inscrit sur les fiches
techniques du fabriquant. Pour de meilleur résultat, le capteur de température et la sonde du multimètre doivent être attaché ensemble
pour ne pas qu'il y est d'écart de température lors des tests.
5- Tester le capteur sous des conditions au-dessus de zéro, dans les environs de 0°C, et inférieur à 0°C.
Résultats du test : Test du capteur de température
1- Comme résultat de ce test, il est véridique que le capteur réagit avec 10mV par °C. Il a aussi été vérifié que la tension à 0°C
correspond bien à 0V. Le capteur a été testé dans les températures négatives jusqu'à -8°C, ceci étant la température du congélateur dans
lequel fut testé ce capteur. Comme le capteur a bien fonctionner jusqu'à cette température, il a été extrapolé que celui-ci continuerait de
bien fonctionner jusqu'à des températures égale ou inférieure à -10°C.
2- Les résultats de l'expérimentation n'ont pas été consignés ici, dû au fait que la température lors de test est en constant changement,
mais il a été vérifié que les tensions à la sortie du capteur restaient dans les normes du fabriquant. Par exemple, à 25°C, la tension à la
patte Vout était ¡5mV du résultat théorique de 250 mV. (25°C * 10mV/°C = 250 mV)
3- Pour ce projet les tensions à mesurer sont de -10°C à 40°C, ce qui donne donc des tensions de sorties entre -100mV et 400 mV.
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Fonctionnement
Procédures de tests (suite)
suite...procédures de test
Procédure de test : Test du détecteur de passage
1- Alimenter le détecteur à 5V.
2- Vérifier la différence de potentiel qui se crée lorsque le signal lumineux émis par le détecteur est coupé.
Résultats du test : Test du détecteur de passage
1- Une fois le détecteur alimenté, une plaque réfléchissante doit être installée pour permettre le retour du signal lumineux vers sa
source. Quant le signal lumineux est réfléchi correctement vers sa source, un DEL s'allume pour indiquer que le signal revient vers sa
source.
2- La tension aux bornes du détecteur est de passe de 0V à 250 mV quand le signal est coupé.
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fonctionnement
Procédures de tests (suite)
suite...procédures de test
Procédure de test : Test de l'amplificateur du capteur de température
1- Alimenter le circuit
2- Calibrer les sondes d'oscilloscope
3- Vérifier l'alimentation des composantes.
4- Ajuster le " offset " (PT 2) à 0V.
5- Ajuster le gain à 10.
6- Ajuster le " offset " à 1V.
Résultats du test : Test de l'amplificateur du capteur de température
1- Pour ajuster le " offset " à 0V, il faut d'abord connecter l'entrée du capteur de température (patte 5) au ground, ensuite, placé une
sonde d'oscilloscope au PT 2 ainsi qu'au PT 3.
2- Tourner le potentiomètre connecté à la patte 12 du MC4741 jusqu'à ce qu'une tension nulle apparaisse à l'écran de l'oscilloscope pour
les deux ondes.
3- Pour ajuster le gain à 10, une sonde d'oscilloscope doit être connectée au PT 1 et une autre au PT 3. Mettre une tension inférieure à
1V à l'entrée du capteur de température (patte 5).
4- Ensuite, tourner le potentiomètre connecté à la patte 6 jusqu'à ce que la tension lue au PT 3 soit dix fois plus grande que celle lu au
PT 1.
5- Pour ajuster le " offset " à 1V, il faut d'abord connecter l'entrée du capteur de température (patte 5) au ground, ensuite, placé une
sonde d'oscilloscope au PT 2 ainsi qu'au PT 3.
6- Tourner le potentiomètre connecté à la patte 12 du MC4741 jusqu'à ce qu'une tension de 1V apparaisse à l'écran de l'oscilloscope
pour le PT 2, et une tension correspondant à 10 fois l'entrée (patte 5) plus 1V au PT 3.
Amplificateur de température
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fonctionnement
Procédures de tests (suite)
suite...procédures de test
Procédures de test :
Les lignes qui suivent explique les caractéristiques des broches utilisées pour le fonctionnement du micro-contrôleur MC-68705R3, du
UART HD-6402. Ces explications permettent d'effectuer les tests nécessaires afin de s'assurer que le traitement des données se fera
correctement.Il s'agit de mesurer ,à l'aide d'un multimètre ou d'un oscilloscope, la tension sur chacune de ces broches.
Tests sur le micro-contrôleur MC-68705R3 :
Vérifier les niveaux de tension sur les broches Vcc (pin.4) et Vpp (pin.7) du micro-contrôleur. La tension devrait être de +5 volts DC.
Vérifier l'état du Vss (pin.1). Cette broche agit comme " ground ".
Sur les broches EXTAL (pin.5) et XTAL (pin.6), vérifier la fréquence d'oscillation. L'oscillation devrait être d'environ 4.5 MHz.
Mesurer sur ces broches :
PC2 (pin.11) : alimente l'avertisseur sonore. Un niveau de tension de +5 volts fait sonner l'avertisseur. Un niveau de tension de 0 volts
laisse l'avertisseur en attente.
PC1 (pin.10) : alimente le LED#2. Ce voyant lumineux vert indique que le micro-contrôleur est en état de fonctionnement.
PC9 (pin.9) : alimente le LED#1. Ce voyant lumineux rouge indique que le micro-contrôleur n'est pas en état de fonctionner.
Registre de donnée du capteur magnétique: voir le manuel TOCCI p.159.
PA7 (pin.40) et PA4 (pin.37) : Ces commandes sont les " reset " du capteur infra-rouge et magnétique. Le micro-contrôleur envoie une
impulsion au registre concerné afin de le réinitialiser.
PB0 (pin.25) à PB7 (pin.32) : port de réception et de transmission du micro-contrôleur.
PDO/ANO (pin.24) : Cette broche converti l'information analogique reçue en format numérique.
micro-contrôleur
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fonctionnement
Procédures de tests suite
suite...procédures de test
Procédures de test du UART HD-6402 :
Vérifier la tension d'entrée sur la broche Vcc (pin.1) du UART. La tension devrait être de +5 volts.
La broche GND (pin.3) devrait être à 0 volt.
/TBRL (pin.23) : Un niveau bas (0 volt) sur la broche /TBRL transfert l'information provenant des entrées TBR1 (pin.26) à TBR8
(pin.33). Le passage d'un niveau bas vers un niveau haut initialise le registre de transmission du UART.
TRE (pin.24): Un niveau haut (+5 volts) sur TRE indique que le registre est vide et que la transmission est compléter.
UART
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Installation
Installation
MATÉRIEL REQUIS:
●
●
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1 kit LMKG série 2001
Ordinateur
1 tournevis étoile moyen
LISTE DES PIÈCES POUR UN KIT DE LMKG SÉRIE 2001
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
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1 Boîtier
1 Bloc d'alimentation ( +/-5Vdc +/- 12 V dc +/- 30 V dc)
1 Carte bus
1 Carte Contrôleur MC
1 Carte Communication série UART
1 Carte I/Oü 1 Carte interface rs-232
1 Carte win TV
1 Disquette
1 Avertisseur sonore
1 Capteur électromagnétique
1 Capteur de chaleur
1 Détecteur de mouvement
1 Mini-caméraü 1 Fil RCA
2 Transmetteurs à fibre optique
2 Récepteurs à fibre optique
2 Fibres optiques ü 1 Plaque réfléchissante
1 Sac de vis
PROCÉDURE D'INSTALLATION
1. Déballer les pièces et vérifiez la liste.
2. Fixer le bloc d'alimentation et alimenter la carte bus à +5V dc et +/-15 V dc, le détecteur de mouvement à +/-30 V dc, les
transmetteurs et récepteurs à 5V dc et le RS-232 à+5V dc.
3. Alimenter la mini-caméra 120V ac.
4. Installer la " Carte Contrôleur MC " dans la fente MC de la carte Bus.
5. Installer la " Carte Communication série UART " dans la fente COM de la carte Bus.
6. Installer la " Carte I/O " dans une des fente I/O de la carte Bus
7. Installer la " Carte interface RS-232 " à l'arrière de l'ordinateur sur un port série libre.
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Installation
Mini-caméra
1. Avant d'installer la carte Win TV mettre le PC hors tension.
2. Toucher le châssis du PC avec la main pour décharger de toute électricité statique, avant de sortir la carte de son emballage.
3. Insérer la carte Win TV dans le connecteur PCI disponible(connecteur bu- master PCI).Il est important que Windows 95/98 soit
installé.
4. Pour installer la caméra, il suffit de raccorder la prise RCA(vidéo)de la caméra à la prise RCA de la carte Win TV dans le PC.
5. Alimenter la caméra à l'aide du bloc d'alimentation fourni.
6. Ouvrir le programme hauppauge,Win TV 32.
Avertisseur sonore
1.L'alimentation de l'avertisseur sonore est sur la carte I/O (5 Vdc)
2.Installer l'avertisseur prêt de l'objet à protéger.
Capteur de chaleur
1.Alimenter à 5Vdc+mise à la terre..
2.Installer la capteur de chaleur dans le centre de la pièce pour avoir une meilleur température d'ensemble.
Capteur électromagnétique
1.Alimenter 5 Vdc +mise à la terre.
2.Installer le capteur sous l'objet.
Détecteur de mouvement
1.Alimenter à 30Vdc +mise à la terre.
2.Installer le détecteur de mouvement devant l'objet a protéger et installer la plaque réfléchissante devant l'objectif.
Module transmission et de réception à fibre optique
1.Toujours installer les deux connecteurs au module à fibre optique avant d'alimenter les modules, pour la transmission et la réception.
2.Ne jamais regarder dedans la fibre si elle est allimentée.
3.Alimenter le premier module à 5 Vdc + la mise à la terre.
4.Installer le module 1 prêt du boiter du système d'alarme.
5.Alimenter le module2 à 5 Vdc +la mise à la terre.
6.Installer l e module 2 prêt du PC et installer entré et la sortie du module au RS-232.
Programme principale
1.Insérer la disquette du programme principale dans le lecteur A.
2.Aller dans le poste de travail, double click sur disquette A et double click sur install Ce programme crée un icône sur le bureau et
copie les fichiers dans l'ordinateur.
3..Exécuter le programme.
4.Choisisser votre code d'accès et un nom d'utilisateur. 7. Relier avec le câble coaxiale de 20 cm la carte Communication RF 916 MHz
au connecteur du boîtier. 8. Fermer le couvercle & connectez l'antenne sur le connecteur du boîtier 9. Brancher les senseurs, sonde,
actionneur etc. sur la carte I/O
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Référence
Référence
Voici une liste de référence de divers composantes du projet.
le max-232
le UART
Les ampli de la cartes I/O
Capteur de température
Module de transmission et de réception de la fibre optique
Micro-contrôleur 68705 R3
Les noirs des circuits
La liste des pièces
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19-4323; Rev 9; 4/00
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
____________________________Features
Superior to Bipolar
♦ Operate from Single +5V Power Supply
(+5V and +12V—MAX231/MAX239)
♦ Low-Power Receive Mode in Shutdown
(MAX223/MAX242)
♦ Meet All EIA/TIA-232E and V.28 Specifications
♦ Multiple Drivers and Receivers
♦ 3-State Driver and Receiver Outputs
♦ Open-Line Detection (MAX243)
Ordering Information
________________________Applications
PART
MAX220CPE
MAX220CSE
MAX220CWE
MAX220C/D
MAX220EPE
MAX220ESE
MAX220EWE
MAX220EJE
MAX220MJE
Portable Computers
Low-Power Modems
Interface Translation
Battery-Powered RS-232 Systems
Multidrop RS-232 Networks
TEMP. RANGE
0°C to +70°C
0°C to +70°C
0°C to +70°C
0°C to +70°C
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
-55°C to +125°C
PIN-PACKAGE
16 Plastic DIP
16 Narrow SO
16 Wide SO
Dice*
16 Plastic DIP
16 Narrow SO
16 Wide SO
16 CERDIP
16 CERDIP
Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet.
*Contact factory for dice specifications.
Selection Table
Part
Number
MAX220
MAX222
MAX223 (MAX213)
MAX225
MAX230 (MAX200)
MAX231 (MAX201)
MAX232 (MAX202)
MAX232A
MAX233 (MAX203)
MAX233A
MAX234 (MAX204)
MAX235 (MAX205)
MAX236 (MAX206)
MAX237 (MAX207)
MAX238 (MAX208)
MAX239 (MAX209)
MAX240
MAX241 (MAX211)
MAX242
MAX243
MAX244
MAX245
MAX246
MAX247
MAX248
MAX249
Power
Supply
(V)
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5 and
+7.5 to +13.2
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5 and
+7.5 to +13.2
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
No. of
RS-232
Drivers/Rx
2/2
2/2
4/5
5/5
5/0
2/2
No. of
Ext. Caps
4
4
4
0
4
2
Nominal
Cap. Value
(µF)
4.7/10
0.1
1.0 (0.1)
—
1.0 (0.1)
1.0 (0.1)
SHDN
& ThreeState
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Rx
Active in
SHDN
—
—
✔
✔
—
—
Data Rate
(kbps)
120
200
120
120
120
120
2/2
2/2
2/2
2/2
4/0
5/5
4/3
5/3
4/4
3/5
4
4
0
0
4
0
4
4
4
2
1.0 (0.1)
0.1
—
—
1.0 (0.1)
—
1.0 (0.1)
1.0 (0.1)
1.0 (0.1)
1.0 (0.1)
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
120 (64)
200
120
200
120
120
120
120
120
120
5/5
4/5
2/2
2/2
8/10
8/10
8/10
8/9
8/8
6/10
4
4
4
4
4
0
0
0
4
4
1.0
1.0 (0.1)
0.1
0.1
1.0
—
—
—
1.0
1.0
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
—
—
✔
—
—
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
120
120
200
200
120
120
120
120
120
120
Features
Ultra-low-power, industry-standard pinout
Low-power shutdown
MAX241 and receivers active in shutdown
Available in SO
5 drivers with shutdown
Standard +5/+12V or battery supplies;
same functions as MAX232
Industry standard
Higher slew rate, small caps
No external caps
No external caps, high slew rate
Replaces 1488
No external caps
Shutdown, three state
Complements IBM PC serial port
Replaces 1488 and 1489
Standard +5/+12V or battery supplies;
single-package solution for IBM PC serial port
DIP or flatpack package
Complete IBM PC serial port
Separate shutdown and enable
Open-line detection simplifies cabling
High slew rate
High slew rate, int. caps, two shutdown modes
High slew rate, int. caps, three shutdown modes
High slew rate, int. caps, nine operating modes
High slew rate, selective half-chip enables
Available in quad flatpack package
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
1
For free samples & the latest literature: http://www.maxim-ic.com, or phone 1-800-998-8800.
For small orders, phone 1-800-835-8769.
MAX220–MAX249
General Description
The MAX220–MAX249 family of line drivers/receivers is
intended for all EIA/TIA-232E and V.28/V.24 communications interfaces, particularly applications where ±12V is
not available.
These parts are especially useful in battery-powered systems, since their low-power shutdown mode reduces
power dissipation to less than 5µW. The MAX225,
MAX233, MAX235, and MAX245/MAX246/MAX247 use
no external components and are recommended for applications where printed circuit board space is critical.
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243
20-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C) ..440mW
16-Pin Narrow SO (derate 8.70mW/°C above +70°C) ...696mW
16-Pin Wide SO (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C)......762mW
18-Pin Wide SO (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C)......762mW
20-Pin Wide SO (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C)....800mW
20-Pin SSOP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C) ..........640mW
16-Pin CERDIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C).....800mW
18-Pin CERDIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C).....842mW
Operating Temperature Ranges
MAX2_ _AC_ _, MAX2_ _C_ _ .............................0°C to +70°C
MAX2_ _AE_ _, MAX2_ _E_ _ ..........................-40°C to +85°C
MAX2_ _AM_ _, MAX2_ _M_ _ .......................-55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300°C
Supply Voltage (VCC) ...............................................-0.3V to +6V
Input Voltages
TIN..............................................................-0.3V to (VCC - 0.3V)
RIN (Except MAX220) ........................................................±30V
RIN (MAX220).....................................................................±25V
TOUT (Except MAX220) (Note 1) .......................................±15V
TOUT (MAX220)...............................................................±13.2V
Output Voltages
TOUT ...................................................................................±15V
ROUT .........................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Driver/Receiver Output Short Circuited to GND.........Continuous
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C)....842mW
18-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C)....889mW
Note 1: Input voltage measured with TOUT in high-impedance state, SHDN or VCC = 0V.
Note 2: For the MAX220, V+ and V- can have a maximum magnitude of 7V, but their absolute difference cannot exceed 13V.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243
(VCC = +5V ±10%, C1–C4 = 0.1µF‚ MAX220, C1 = 0.047µF, C2–C4 = 0.33µF, TA = TMIN to TMAX‚ unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
0.8
V
RS-232 TRANSMITTERS
Output Voltage Swing
All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to GND
±5
Input Logic Threshold Low
Input Logic Threshold High
±8
1.4
All except MAX220
2
MAX220: VCC = 5.0V
V
1.4
V
2.4
5
40
SHDN = 0V, MAX222/242, shutdown, MAX220
±0.01
±1
VCC = 5.5V, SHDN = 0V, VOUT = ±15V, MAX222/242
±0.01
±10
±0.01
±10
Data Rate
VCC = SHDN = 0V, VOUT = ±15V
All except MAX220, normal operation
200
116
Transmitter Output Resistance
VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, VOUT = ±2V
300
10M
Ω
Output Short-Circuit Current
VOUT = 0V
±7
±22
mA
All except MAX243 R2IN
0.8
1.3
MAX243 R2IN (Note 2)
-3
Logic Pull-Up/lnput Current
Output Leakage Current
All except MAX220, normal operation
µA
µA
kb/s
RS-232 RECEIVERS
RS-232 Input Voltage Operating Range
±30
RS-232 Input Threshold Low
VCC = 5V
RS-232 Input Threshold High
VCC = 5V
RS-232 Input Hysteresis
1.8
2.4
MAX243 R2IN (Note 2)
-0.5
-0.1
0.5
1
RS-232 Input Resistance
2
1
3
IOUT = 3.2mA
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High
IOUT = -1.0mA
TTL/CMOS Output Short-Circuit Current
0.2
MAX243
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low
V
All except MAX243 R2IN
All except MAX243, VCC = 5V, no hysteresis in shdn.
V
V
V
5
7
kΩ
0.2
0.4
V
3.5
VCC - 0.2
Sourcing VOUT = GND
-2
-10
Shrinking VOUT = VCC
10
30
_______________________________________________________________________________________
V
mA
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
(VCC = +5V ±10%, C1–C4 = 0.1µF‚ MAX220, C1 = 0.047µF, C2–C4 = 0.33µF, TA = TMIN to TMAX‚ unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
TTL/CMOS Output Leakage Current
SHDN = VCC or EN = VCC (SHDN = 0V for MAX222),
0V ≤ VOUT ≤ VCC
EN Input Threshold Low
MAX242
EN Input Threshold High
MAX242
2.0
Operating Supply Voltage
Shutdown Supply Current
3kΩ load
both inputs
MAX222/242
MAX220
UNITS
±0.05
±10
µA
1.4
0.8
V
1.4
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
4
10
MAX220
12
V
mA
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
15
TA = +25°C
0.1
10
TA = 0°C to +70°C
2
50
TA = -40°C to +85°C
2
50
TA = -55°C to +125°C
35
100
±1
µA
1.4
0.8
V
MAX222/242
MAX222/242
SHDN Threshold High
MAX222/242
CL = 50pF to 2500pF,
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ,
VCC = 5V, TA = +25°C,
measured from +3V MAX220
to -3V or -3V to +3V
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
tPHLT
MAX220
tPLHT
V
5.5
2
SHDN Threshold Low
Transmitter Propagation Delay
TLL to RS-232 (normal operation),
Figure 1
MAX
0.5
SHDN Input Leakage Current
Transition Slew Rate
TYP
4.5
No load
VCC Supply Current (SHDN = VCC),
Figures 5, 6, 11, 19
MIN
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
MAX220
2.0
1.4
6
12
30
1.5
3
30
1.3
3.5
4
10
1.5
3.5
µA
V
V/µs
5
10
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
0.5
1
MAX220
0.6
3
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
0.6
1
µs
Receiver Propagation Delay
RS-232 to TLL (normal operation),
Figure 2
tPHLR
MAX220
0.8
3
Receiver Propagation Delay
RS-232 to TLL (shutdown), Figure 2
tPHLS
MAX242
0.5
10
tPLHS
MAX242
2.5
10
Receiver-Output Enable Time, Figure 3 tER
MAX242
125
500
ns
Receiver-Output Disable Time, Figure 3 tDR
MAX242
160
500
ns
Transmitter-Output Enable Time
(SHDN goes high), Figure 4
tET
MAX222/242, 0.1µF caps
(includes charge-pump start-up)
250
µs
Transmitter-Output Disable Time
(SHDN goes low), Figure 4
tDT
MAX222/242, 0.1µF caps
600
ns
Transmitter + to - Propagation
Delay Difference (normal operation)
tPHLT - tPLHT
Receiver + to - Propagation
Delay Difference (normal operation)
tPHLR - tPLHR
tPLHR
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
300
MAX220
2000
MAX222/232A/233A/242/243
100
MAX220
225
µs
µs
ns
ns
Note 3: MAX243 R2OUT is guaranteed to be low when R2IN is ≥ 0V or is floating.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
MAX220–MAX249
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243 (continued)
__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics
MAX220/MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233A/MAX242/MAX243
4
VCC = ±5V
NO LOAD ON
TRANSMITTER OUTPUTS
(EXCEPT MAX220, MAX233A)
2
0
0.1µF
V- LOADED, NO LOAD ON V+
-2
1µF
0.1µF
-4
ALL CAPS
1µF
9
VCC = +5.25V
8
ALL CAPS
0.1µF
7
1µF CAPS
V+
V+, V- VOLTAGE (V)
EITHER V+ OR V- LOADED
+10V
MAX220-02
6
OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT
FLOWS FROM V+ TO V-
10
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
1µF
8
11
MAX220-01
10
MAX222/MAX242
ON-TIME EXITING SHUTDOWN
VCC = +4.75V
+5V
+5V
V+
0.1µF CAPS
SHDN
0V
0V
1µF CAPS
6
-6
V+ LOADED, NO LOAD ON V-
-10
0
5
10
15
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
4
0.1µF CAPS
5
-8
20
25
V4
V-
-10V
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
500µs/div
DATA RATE (kbits/sec)
_______________________________________________________________________________________
MAX220-03
AVAILABLE OUTPUT CURRENT
vs. DATA RATE
OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. LOAD CURRENT
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
20-Pin Wide SO (derate 10 00mW/°C above +70°C).......800mW
24-Pin Wide SO (derate 11.76mW/°C above +70°C).......941mW
28-Pin Wide SO (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) .............1W
44-Pin Plastic FP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) .....889mW
14-Pin CERDIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C) ..........727mW
16-Pin CERDIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C) ........800mW
20-Pin CERDIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) ........889mW
24-Pin Narrow CERDIP
(derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) ..............1W
24-Pin Sidebraze (derate 20.0mW/°C above +70°C)..........1.6W
28-Pin SSOP (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C).............762mW
Operating Temperature Ranges
MAX2 _ _ C _ _......................................................0°C to +70°C
MAX2 _ _ E _ _ ...................................................-40°C to +85°C
MAX2 _ _ M _ _ ...............................................-55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300°C
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX223/MAX230–MAX241
(MAX223/230/232/234/236/237/238/240/241, VCC = +5V ±10; MAX233/MAX235, VCC = 5V ±5%‚ C1–C4 = 1.0µF; MAX231/MAX239,
VCC = 5V ±10%; V+ = 7.5V to 13.2V; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
Output Voltage Swing
All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to ground
VCC Power-Supply Current
No load,
TA = +25°C
V+ Power-Supply Current
MIN
TYP
±5.0
±7.3
5
10
MAX223/230/234–238/240/241
7
15
MAX231/239
0.4
1
MAX231
1.8
5
MAX239
5
15
MAX223
15
50
MAX230/235/236/240/241
1
10
TA = +25°C
Input Logic Threshold Low
TIN; EN, SHDN (MAX233); EN, SHDN (MAX230/235–241)
0.8
TIN
2.0
Input Logic Threshold High
EN, SHDN (MAX223);
EN, SHDN (MAX230/235/236/240/241)
2.4
Logic Pull-Up Current
TIN = 0V
mA
mA
µA
V
V
1.5
-30
UNITS
V
MAX232/233
Shutdown Supply Current
Receiver Input Voltage
Operating Range
MAX
200
µA
30
V
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5
MAX220–MAX249
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS—MAX223/MAX230–MAX241
VCC ...........................................................................-0.3V to +6V
V+ ................................................................(VCC - 0.3V) to +14V
V- ............................................................................+0.3V to -14V
Input Voltages
TIN ............................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
RIN......................................................................................±30V
Output Voltages
TOUT ...................................................(V+ + 0.3V) to (V- - 0.3V)
ROUT .........................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Short-Circuit Duration, TOUT ......................................Continuous
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
14-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C)....800mW
16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C)....842mW
20-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C)....889mW
24-Pin Narrow Plastic DIP
(derate 13.33mW/°C above +70°C) ..........1.07W
24-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C)......500mW
16-Pin Wide SO (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C).........762mW
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX223/MAX230–MAX241 (continued)
(MAX223/230/232/234/236/237/238/240/241, VCC = +5V ±10; MAX233/MAX235, VCC = 5V ±5%‚ C1–C4 = 1.0µF; MAX231/MAX239,
VCC = 5V ±10%; V+ = 7.5V to 13.2V; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
RS-232 Input Threshold Low
RS-232 Input Threshold High
CONDITIONS
TA = +25°C,
VCC = 5V
TA = +25°C,
VCC = 5V
Normal operation
SHDN = 5V (MAX223)
SHDN = 0V (MAX235/236/240/241)
MIN
TYP
0.8
1.2
0.6
Normal operation
SHDN = 5V (MAX223)
SHDN = 0V (MAX235/236/240/241)
1.5
1.7
1.5
2.4
0.2
0.5
1.0
V
3
5
7
kΩ
0.4
V
3.5
VCC - 0.4
RS-232 Input Resistance
TA = +25°C, VCC = 5V
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low
IOUT = 1.6mA (MAX231/232/233, IOUT = 3.2mA)
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High
IOUT = -1mA
TTL/CMOS Output Leakage Current
0V ≤ ROUT ≤ VCC; EN = 0V (MAX223);
EN = VCC (MAX235–241 )
Receiver Output Enable Time
Normal
operation
MAX223
600
MAX235/236/239/240/241
400
Receiver Output Disable Time
Normal
operation
MAX223
900
MAX235/236/239/240/241
250
Propagation Delay
Normal operation
RS-232 IN to
TTL/CMOS OUT, SHDN = 0V
CL = 150pF
(MAX223)
Transmitter Output Short-Circuit
Current
6
2.4
V
Shutdown (MAX223)
SHDN = 0V,
EN = 5V (R4IN‚ R5IN)
VCC = 5V, no hysteresis in shutdown
Transmitter Output Resistance
UNITS
V
Shutdown (MAX223)
SHDN = 0V,
EN = 5V (R4IN, R5IN)
RS-232 Input Hysteresis
Transition Region Slew Rate
MAX
0.05
±10
ns
10
tPHLS
4
40
tPLHS
6
40
5.1
30
3
µA
ns
0.5
MAX223/MAX230/MAX234–241, TA = +25°C, VCC = 5V,
RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ‚ CL = 50pF to 2500pF, measured from
+3V to -3V or -3V to +3V
µs
V/µs
MAX231/MAX232/MAX233, TA = +25°C, VCC = 5V,
RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ, CL = 50pF to 2500pF, measured from
+3V to -3V or -3V to +3V
VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, VOUT = ±2V
V
4
30
Ω
300
±10
_______________________________________________________________________________________
mA
mA
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VOH)
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE AT
DIFFERENT DATA RATES
2 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
7.2
6.5
4.5
160kbits/sec
80kbits/sec
20kbits/sec
6.6
TA = +25°C
VCC = +5V
3 TRANSMITTERS LOADED
RL = 3kΩ
C1–C4 = 1µF
6.4
6.2
6.0
0
1000
1500
7.0
3 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
4 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
6.0
5.0
4.0
0
2500
2000
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT
VOLTAGE (VOL) vs. VCC
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VOL)
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE AT
DIFFERENT DATA RATES
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V+, V-)
vs. LOAD CURRENT
-7.0
TA = +25°C
VCC = +5V
3 TRANSMITTERS LOADED
RL = 3kΩ
C1–C4 = 1µF
-6.2
-6.4
VOL (V)
-6.6
-7.5
1 TRANSMITTER
LOADED
2 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
10
8
6
-7.0
TA = +25°C
VCC = +5V
C1–C4 = 1µF
V- LOADED,
V+ AND VNO LOAD
EQUALLY
ON V+
LOADED
4
160kbits/sec
80kbits/sec
20Kkbits/sec
-6.8
MAX220-09
-6.0
MAX220-08
TA = +25°C
C1–C4 = 1µF
TRANSMITTER
LOADS =
3kΩ || 2500pF
V+, V- (V)
-6.5
2
0
-2
V+ LOADED,
NO LOAD
ON V-
-4
-7.2
3 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
-6
-7.4
-8
5.0
VCC (V)
5.5
ALL TRANSMITTERS UNLOADED
-10
-7.6
-9.0
4.5
8.0
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
4 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
-8.5
500
2 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
9.0
VCC (V)
-6.0
-8.0
6.8
5.5
5.0
TA = +25°C
VCC = +5V
LOADED, RL = 3kΩ
C1–C4 = 1µF
10.0
SLEW RATE (V/µs)
3 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED
TA = +25°C
C1–C4 = 1µF
TRANSMITTER
4 TRANSMITTERS LOADS =
3kΩ || 2500pF
LOADED
7.0
VOL (V)
VOH (V)
1 TRANSMITTER
LOADED
7.5
1 TRANSMITTER LOADED
11.0
7.0
MAX220-07
VOH (V)
8.0
12.0
MAX220-05
7.4
MAX220-04
8.5
TRANSMITTER SLEW RATE
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
MAX220-06
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT
VOLTAGE (VOH) vs. VCC
0
500
1000
1500
0
2500
2000
5
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
CURRENT (mA)
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
V+, V- WHEN EXITING SHUTDOWN
(1µF CAPACITORS)
MAX220-13
V+
O
V-
SHDN*
500ms/div
*SHUTDOWN POLARITY IS REVERSED
FOR NON MAX241 PARTS
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
MAX220–MAX249
__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics
MAX223/MAX230–MAX241
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS—MAX225/MAX244–MAX249
Supply Voltage (VCC) ...............................................-0.3V to +6V
Input Voltages
TIN‚ ENA, ENB, ENR, ENT, ENRA,
ENRB, ENTA, ENTB..................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
RIN .....................................................................................±25V
TOUT (Note 3).....................................................................±15V
ROUT ........................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Short Circuit (one output at a time)
TOUT to GND ............................................................Continuous
ROUT to GND............................................................Continuous
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
28-Pin Wide SO (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) .............1W
40-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) ...611mW
44-Pin PLCC (derate 13.33mW/°C above +70°C) ...........1.07W
Operating Temperature Ranges
MAX225C_ _, MAX24_C_ _ ..................................0°C to +70°C
MAX225E_ _, MAX24_E_ _ ...............................-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
Lead Temperature (soldering,10sec) ..............................+300°C
Note 4: Input voltage measured with transmitter output in a high-impedance state, shutdown, or VCC = 0V.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX225/MAX244–MAX249
(MAX225, VCC = 5.0V ±5%; MAX244–MAX249, VCC = +5.0V ±10%, external capacitors C1–C4 = 1µF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
1.4
0.8
V
2
1.4
RS-232 TRANSMITTERS
Input Logic Threshold Low
Input Logic Threshold High
Normal operation
Logic Pull-Up/lnput Current
Tables 1a–1d
Data Rate
Tables 1a–1d, normal operation
Output Voltage Swing
All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to GND
Output Leakage Current (shutdown)
Tables 1a–1d
Shutdown
±5
V
10
50
±0.01
±1
120
64
±7.5
µA
kbits/sec
V
ENA, ENB, ENT, ENTA, ENTB =
VCC, VOUT = ±15V
±0.01
±25
VCC = 0V,
VOUT = ±15V
±0.01
±25
µA
Transmitter Output Resistance
VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, VOUT = ±2V (Note 4)
300
10M
Ω
Output Short-Circuit Current
VOUT = 0V
±7
±30
mA
RS-232 Input Threshold Low
VCC = 5V
0.8
1.3
RS-232 Input Threshold High
VCC = 5V
RS-232 Input Hysteresis
VCC = 5V
RS-232 RECEIVERS
RS-232 Input Voltage Operating Range
±25
RS-232 Input Resistance
8
2.4
0.2
0.5
1.0
V
3
5
7
kΩ
0.2
0.4
V
IOUT = 3.2mA
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High
IOUT = -1.0mA
3.5
VCC - 0.2
Sourcing VOUT = GND
-2
-10
Shrinking VOUT = VCC
10
30
TTL/CMOS Output Leakage Current
Normal operation, outputs disabled,
Tables 1a–1d, 0V ≤ VOUT ≤ VCC, ENR_ = VCC
V
1.8
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low
TTL/CMOS Output Short-Circuit Current
V
±0.05
_______________________________________________________________________________________
V
V
mA
±0.10
µA
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
(MAX225, VCC = 5.0V ±5%; MAX244–MAX249, VCC = +5.0V ±10%, external capacitors C1–C4 = 1µF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
POWER SUPPLY AND CONTROL LOGIC
Operating Supply Voltage
No load
VCC Supply Current
(normal operation)
Shutdown Supply Current
3kΩ loads on
all outputs
MAX225
4.75
5.25
MAX244–MAX249
4.5
5.5
MAX225
10
20
MAX244–MAX249
11
30
MAX225
40
MAX244–MAX249
57
TA = +25°C
8
TA = TMIN to TMAX
50
Leakage current
Control Input
25
±1
Threshold low
1.4
Threshold high
0.8
2.4
1.4
5
10
30
V
mA
µA
µA
V
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Transition Slew Rate
CL = 50pF to 2500pF, RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ, VCC = 5V,
TA = +25°C, measured from +3V to -3V or -3V to +3V
V/µs
Transmitter Propagation Delay
TLL to RS-232 (normal operation),
Figure 1
tPHLT
1.3
3.5
tPLHT
1.5
3.5
Receiver Propagation Delay
TLL to RS-232 (normal operation),
Figure 2
tPHLR
0.6
1.5
tPLHR
0.6
1.5
Receiver Propagation Delay
TLL to RS-232 (low-power mode),
Figure 2
tPHLS
0.6
10
tPLHS
3.0
10
Transmitter + to - Propagation
Delay Difference (normal operation)
tPHLT - tPLHT
350
ns
Receiver + to - Propagation
Delay Difference (normal operation)
tPHLR - tPLHR
350
ns
µs
µs
µs
Receiver-Output Enable Time, Figure 3 tER
100
500
ns
Receiver-Output Disable Time, Figure 3 tDR
100
500
ns
Transmitter Enable Time
Transmitter Disable Time, Figure 4
tET
tDT
MAX246–MAX249
(excludes charge-pump start-up)
5
µs
MAX225/MAX245–MAX249
(includes charge-pump start-up)
10
ms
100
ns
Note 5: The 300Ω minimum specification complies with EIA/TIA-232E, but the actual resistance when in shutdown mode or VCC =
0V is 10MΩ as is implied by the leakage specification.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
9
MAX220–MAX249
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX225/MAX244–MAX249 (continued)
__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics
MAX225/MAX244–MAX249
8
V+ AND V- LOADED
EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY
1µF CAPACITORS
12
10
40kb/s DATA RATE
8 TRANSMITTERS
LOADED WITH 3kΩ
8
6
4
VCC = 5V
EXTERNAL CHARGE PUMP
1µF CAPACITORS
8 TRANSMITTERS
DRIVING 5kΩ AND
2000pF AT 20kbits/sec
2
0
-2
EITHER V+ OR
V- LOADED
2
3
LOAD CAPACITANCE (nF)
4
5
40kb/sec
7.0
60kb/sec
6.0
V+ AND V- LOADED
100kb/sec
200kb/sec
5.5
-8
1
20kb/sec
7.5
6.5
V+ LOADED
-10
0
8.0
V- LOADED
-4
-6
2
VCC = 5V WITH ALL TRANSMITTERS DRIVEN
LOADED WITH 5kΩ
10kb/sec
8.5
V+, V (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
6
14
9.0
MAX220-11
VCC = 5V
4
10
10
MAX220-10
18
16
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V+, V-)
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE AT
DIFFERENT DATA RATES
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs. LOAD CURRENT FOR V+ AND V-
MAX220-12
TRANSMITTER SLEW RATE
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
TRANSMITTER SLEW RATE (V/µs)
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ALL CAPACITIORS 1µF
5.0
0
5
10
15
20
25
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
30
35
0
1
2
3
LOAD CAPACITANCE (nF)
______________________________________________________________________________________
4
5
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
+3V
0V*
+3V
50%
50%
50%
50%
INPUT
INPUT
0V
VCC
OUTPUT
V+
0V
V-
OUTPUT
GND
tPLHR
tPLHS
tPHLR
tPHLS
tPHLT
tPLHT
*EXCEPT FOR R2 ON THE MAX243
WHERE -3V IS USED.
Figure 1. Transmitter Propagation-Delay Timing
Figure 2. Receiver Propagation-Delay Timing
EN
RX OUT
RX IN
1k
RX
VCC - 2V
SHDN
+3V
0V
a) TEST CIRCUIT
150pF
EN INPUT
OUTPUT DISABLE TIME (tDT)
+3V
V+
0V
+5V
EN
OUTPUT ENABLE TIME (tER)
0V
-5V
+3.5V
V-
RECEIVER
OUTPUTS
+0.8V
a) TIMING DIAGRAM
b) ENABLE TIMING
+3V
EN INPUT
EN
1 OR 0
0V
TX
3k
OUTPUT DISABLE TIME (tDR)
VOH
VOH - 0.5V
RECEIVER
OUTPUTS
VOL
50pF
VCC - 2V
VOL + 0.5V
b) TEST CIRCUIT
c) DISABLE TIMING
Figure 3. Receiver-Output Enable and Disable Timing
Figure 4. Transmitter-Output Disable Timing
______________________________________________________________________________________
11
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
Table 1a. MAX245 Control Pin Configurations
ENT
ENR
0
0
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
0
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All 3-State
1
0
Shutdown
All 3-State
All Low-Power Receive Mode
1
1
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
OPERATION STATUS
TRANSMITTERS
RECEIVERS
Table 1b. MAX245 Control Pin Configurations
TRANSMITTERS
RECEIVERS
OPERATION
STATUS
TA1–TA4
TB1–TB4
0
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
All Active
All Active
0
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
RA1–RA4 3-State,
RA5 Active
RB1–RB4 3-State,
RB5 Active
1
0
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
All Low-Power
Receive Mode
All Low-Power
Receive Mode
1
1
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
RA1–RA4 3-State,
RA5 Low-Power
Receive Mode
RB1–RB4 3-State,
RB5 Low-Power
Receive Mode
ENT
ENR
0
RA1–RA5
RB1–RB5
Table 1c. MAX246 Control Pin Configurations
12
ENA
ENB
0
0
0
OPERATION
STATUS
TRANSMITTERS
RECEIVERS
TA1–TA4
TB1–TB4
RA1–RA5
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
All Active
All Active
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All 3-State
All Active
RB1–RB4 3-State,
RB5 Active
1
0
Shutdown
All 3-State
All Active
RA1–RA4 3-State,
RA5 Active
All Active
1
1
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
RA1–RA4 3-State,
RA5 Low-Power
Receive Mode
RB1–RB4 3-State,
RA5 Low-Power
Receive Mode
______________________________________________________________________________________
RB1–RB5
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
TRANSMITTERS
ENTA ENTB ENRA ENRB
OPERATION
STATUS
RECEIVERS
MAX247
TA1–TA4
TB1–TB4
RA1–RA4
RB1–RB5
MAX248
TA1–TA4
TB1–TB4
RA1–RA4
RB1–RB4
MAX249
TA1–TA3
TB1–TB3
RA1–RA5
RB1–RB5
0
0
0
0
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
All Active
All Active
0
0
0
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
All Active
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
0
0
1
0
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
All 3-State
All Active
0
0
1
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All Active
All 3-State
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
0
1
0
0
Normal Operation
All Active
All 3-State
All Active
All Active
0
1
0
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All 3-State
All Active
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
0
1
1
0
Normal Operation
All Active
All 3-State
All 3-State
All Active
0
1
1
1
Normal Operation
All Active
All 3-State
All 3-State
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
1
0
0
0
Normal Operation
All 3-State
All Active
All Active
All Active
1
0
0
1
Normal Operation
All 3-State
All Active
All Active
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
1
0
1
0
Normal Operation
All 3-State
All Active
All 3-State
All Active
1
0
1
1
Normal Operation
All 3-State
All Active
All 3-State
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
1
1
0
0
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
Low-Power
Receive Mode
Low-Power
Receive Mode
1
1
0
1
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
Low-Power
Receive Mode
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
1
1
1
0
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
All 3-State
Low-Power
Receive Mode
1
1
1
1
Shutdown
All 3-State
All 3-State
All 3-State
All 3-State, except
RB5 stays active on
MAX247
______________________________________________________________________________________
13
MAX220–MAX249
Table 1d. MAX247/MAX248/MAX249 Control Pin Configurations
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
_______________Detailed Description
The MAX220–MAX249 contain four sections: dual
charge-pump DC-DC voltage converters, RS-232 drivers, RS-232 receivers, and receiver and transmitter
enable control inputs.
Dual Charge-Pump Voltage Converter
The MAX220–MAX249 have two internal charge-pumps
that convert +5V to ±10V (unloaded) for RS-232 driver
operation. The first converter uses capacitor C1 to double the +5V input to +10V on C3 at the V+ output. The
second converter uses capacitor C2 to invert +10V to
-10V on C4 at the V- output.
A small amount of power may be drawn from the +10V
(V+) and -10V (V-) outputs to power external circuitry
(see the Typical Operating Characteristics section),
except on the MAX225 and MAX245–MAX247, where
these pins are not available. V+ and V- are not regulated,
so the output voltage drops with increasing load current.
Do not load V+ and V- to a point that violates the minimum ±5V EIA/TIA-232E driver output voltage when
sourcing current from V+ and V- to external circuitry.
When using the shutdown feature in the MAX222,
MAX225, MAX230, MAX235, MAX236, MAX240,
MAX241, and MAX245–MAX249, avoid using V+ and Vto power external circuitry. When these parts are shut
down, V- falls to 0V, and V+ falls to +5V. For applications where a +10V external supply is applied to the V+
pin (instead of using the internal charge pump to generate +10V), the C1 capacitor must not be installed and
the SHDN pin must be tied to VCC. This is because V+
is internally connected to VCC in shutdown mode.
RS-232 Drivers
The typical driver output voltage swing is ±8V when
loaded with a nominal 5kΩ RS-232 receiver and VCC =
+5V. Output swing is guaranteed to meet the EIA/TIA232E and V.28 specification, which calls for ±5V minimum driver output levels under worst-case conditions.
These include a minimum 3kΩ load, VCC = +4.5V, and
maximum operating temperature. Unloaded driver output voltage ranges from (V+ -1.3V) to (V- +0.5V).
Input thresholds are both TTL and CMOS compatible.
The inputs of unused drivers can be left unconnected
since 400kΩ input pull-up resistors to VCC are built in
(except for the MAX220). The pull-up resistors force the
outputs of unused drivers low because all drivers invert.
The internal input pull-up resistors typically source 12µA,
except in shutdown mode where the pull-ups are disabled. Driver outputs turn off and enter a high-impedance state—where leakage current is typically
microamperes (maximum 25µA)—when in shutdown
14
mode, in three-state mode, or when device power is
removed. Outputs can be driven to ±15V. The powersupply current typically drops to 8µA in shutdown mode.
The MAX220 does not have pull-up resistors to force the
ouputs of the unused drivers low. Connect unused inputs
to GND or VCC.
The MAX239 has a receiver three-state control line, and
the MAX223, MAX225, MAX235, MAX236, MAX240,
and MAX241 have both a receiver three-state control
line and a low-power shutdown control. Table 2 shows
the effects of the shutdown control and receiver threestate control on the receiver outputs.
The receiver TTL/CMOS outputs are in a high-impedance, three-state mode whenever the three-state enable
line is high (for the MAX225/MAX235/MAX236/MAX239–
MAX241), and are also high-impedance whenever the
shutdown control line is high.
When in low-power shutdown mode, the driver outputs
are turned off and their leakage current is less than 1µA
with the driver output pulled to ground. The driver output
leakage remains less than 1µA, even if the transmitter
output is backdriven between 0V and (VCC + 6V). Below
-0.5V, the transmitter is diode clamped to ground with
1kΩ series impedance. The transmitter is also zener
clamped to approximately V CC + 6V, with a series
impedance of 1kΩ.
The driver output slew rate is limited to less than 30V/µs
as required by the EIA/TIA-232E and V.28 specifications. Typical slew rates are 24V/µs unloaded and
10V/µs loaded with 3Ω and 2500pF.
RS-232 Receivers
EIA/TIA-232E and V.28 specifications define a voltage
level greater than 3V as a logic 0, so all receivers invert.
Input thresholds are set at 0.8V and 2.4V, so receivers
respond to TTL level inputs as well as EIA/TIA-232E and
V.28 levels.
The receiver inputs withstand an input overvoltage up
to ±25V and provide input terminating resistors with
Table 2. Three-State Control of Receivers
PART
SHDN SHDN
EN
EN(R)
RECEIVERS
MAX223
__
Low
High
High
X
Low
High
__
High Impedance
Active
High Impedance
MAX225
__
__
__
Low
High
High Impedance
Active
MAX235
MAX236
MAX240
Low
Low
High
__
__
Low
High
X
High Impedance
Active
High Impedance
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
The receiver input hysteresis is typically 0.5V with a
guaranteed minimum of 0.2V. This produces clear output transitions with slow-moving input signals, even
with moderate amounts of noise and ringing. The
receiver propagation delay is typically 600ns and is
independent of input swing direction.
Low-Power Receive Mode
The low-power receive-mode feature of the MAX223,
MAX242, and MAX245–MAX249 puts the IC into shutdown mode but still allows it to receive information. This
is important for applications where systems are periodically awakened to look for activity. Using low-power
receive mode, the system can still receive a signal that
will activate it on command and prepare it for communication at faster data rates. This operation conserves
system power.
Negative Threshold—MAX243
The MAX243 is pin compatible with the MAX232A, differing only in that RS-232 cable fault protection is removed
on one of the two receiver inputs. This means that control
lines such as CTS and RTS can either be driven or left
floating without interrupting communication. Different
cables are not needed to interface with different pieces of
equipment.
The input threshold of the receiver without cable fault
protection is -0.8V rather than +1.4V. Its output goes
positive only if the input is connected to a control line
that is actively driven negative. If not driven, it defaults
to the 0 or “OK to send” state. Normally‚ the MAX243’s
other receiver (+1.4V threshold) is used for the data line
(TD or RD)‚ while the negative threshold receiver is connected to the control line (DTR‚ DTS‚ CTS‚ RTS, etc.).
Other members of the RS-232 family implement the
optional cable fault protection as specified by EIA/TIA232E specifications. This means a receiver output goes
high whenever its input is driven negative‚ left floating‚
or shorted to ground. The high output tells the serial
communications IC to stop sending data. To avoid this‚
the control lines must either be driven or connected
with jumpers to an appropriate positive voltage level.
Shutdown—MAX222–MAX242
On the MAX222‚ MAX235‚ MAX236‚ MAX240‚ and
MAX241‚ all receivers are disabled during shutdown.
On the MAX223 and MAX242‚ two receivers continue to
operate in a reduced power mode when the chip is in
shutdown. Under these conditions‚ the propagation
delay increases to about 2.5µs for a high-to-low input
transition. When in shutdown, the receiver acts as a
CMOS inverter with no hysteresis. The MAX223 and
MAX242 also have a receiver output enable input (EN
for the MAX242 and EN for the MAX223) that allows
receiver output control independent of SHDN (SHDN
for MAX241). With all other devices‚ SHDN (SHDN for
MAX241) also disables the receiver outputs.
The MAX225 provides five transmitters and five
receivers‚ while the MAX245 provides ten receivers and
eight transmitters. Both devices have separate receiver
and transmitter-enable controls. The charge pumps
turn off and the devices shut down when a logic high is
applied to the ENT input. In this state, the supply current drops to less than 25µA and the receivers continue
to operate in a low-power receive mode. Driver outputs
enter a high-impedance state (three-state mode). On
the MAX225‚ all five receivers are controlled by the
ENR input. On the MAX245‚ eight of the receiver outputs are controlled by the ENR input‚ while the remaining two receivers (RA5 and RB5) are always active.
RA1–RA4 and RB1–RB4 are put in a three-state mode
when ENR is a logic high.
Receiver and Transmitter Enable
Control Inputs
The MAX225 and MAX245–MAX249 feature transmitter
and receiver enable controls.
The receivers have three modes of operation: full-speed
receive (normal active)‚ three-state (disabled)‚ and lowpower receive (enabled receivers continue to function
at lower data rates). The receiver enable inputs control
the full-speed receive and three-state modes. The
transmitters have two modes of operation: full-speed
transmit (normal active) and three-state (disabled). The
transmitter enable inputs also control the shutdown
mode. The device enters shutdown mode when all
transmitters are disabled. Enabled receivers function in
the low-power receive mode when in shutdown.
______________________________________________________________________________________
15
MAX220–MAX249
nominal 5kΩ values. The receivers implement Type 1
interpretation of the fault conditions of V.28 and
EIA/TIA-232E.
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
Tables 1a–1d define the control states. The MAX244
has no control pins and is not included in these tables.
The MAX246 has ten receivers and eight drivers with
two control pins, each controlling one side of the
device. A logic high at the A-side control input (ENA)
causes the four A-side receivers and drivers to go into
a three-state mode. Similarly, the B-side control input
(ENB) causes the four B-side drivers and receivers to
go into a three-state mode. As in the MAX245, one Aside and one B-side receiver (RA5 and RB5) remain
active at all times. The entire device is put into shutdown mode when both the A and B sides are disabled
(ENA = ENB = +5V).
The MAX247 provides nine receivers and eight drivers
with four control pins. The ENRA and ENRB receiver
enable inputs each control four receiver outputs. The
ENTA and ENTB transmitter enable inputs each control
four drivers. The ninth receiver (RB5) is always active.
The device enters shutdown mode with a logic high on
both ENTA and ENTB.
The MAX248 provides eight receivers and eight drivers
with four control pins. The ENRA and ENRB receiver
enable inputs each control four receiver outputs. The
ENTA and ENTB transmitter enable inputs control four
drivers each. This part does not have an always-active
receiver. The device enters shutdown mode and transmitters go into a three-state mode with a logic high on
both ENTA and ENTB.
16
The MAX249 provides ten receivers and six drivers with
four control pins. The ENRA and ENRB receiver enable
inputs each control five receiver outputs. The ENTA
and ENTB transmitter enable inputs control three drivers each. There is no always-active receiver. The
device enters shutdown mode and transmitters go into
a three-state mode with a logic high on both ENTA and
ENTB. In shutdown mode, active receivers operate in a
low-power receive mode at data rates up to
20kbits/sec.
__________Applications Information
Figures 5 through 25 show pin configurations and typical operating circuits. In applications that are sensitive
to power-supply noise, VCC should be decoupled to
ground with a capacitor of the same value as C1 and
C2 connected as close as possible to the device.
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
C3
TOP VIEW
C5
C1+ 1
1
16 VCC
C1
V+ 2
15 GND
C1- 3
14 T1OUT
C2+ 4
C2- 5
MAX220
MAX232
MAX232A
V- 6
C2
12 R1OUT
9
11 T1IN
-10V
C4
T1OUT 14
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
T2OUT 7
10 T2IN
R2OUT
12 R1OUT
CAPACITANCE (µF)
C1 C2 C3 C4
4.7 4.7 10 10
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
6
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
DIP/SO
DEVICE
MAX220
MAX232
MAX232A
V-
+5V
400k
10 T2IN
R2IN 8
V+ 2 +10V
3 C14
C2+
+10V TO -10V
5 C2- VOLTAGE INVERTER
13 R1IN
11 T1IN
T2OUT 7
16
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1+
R1IN 13
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
C5
4.7
1.0
0.1
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
R2IN 8
9 R2OUT
5k
GND
15
Figure 5. MAX220/MAX232/MAX232A Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
+5V INPUT C3
ALL CAPACITORS = 0.1µF
TOP VIEW
C5
17
VCC
3 +10V
C1+
+5V TO +10V
V+
4 C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
5
C2+
7 -10V
+10V TO -10V
V6 C2C4
VOLTAGE INVERTER
2
(N.C.) EN 1
(N.C.) EN 1
18 SHDN
C1+ 2
19 VCC
C1+ 2
17 VCC
V+ 3
18 GND
V+ 3
16 GND
C1- 4
17 T1OUT
C1- 4
15 T1OUT
C2+ 5
14 R1IN
C2- 6
C2+ 5
C2- 6
MAX222
MAX242
13 R1OUT
V- 7
T2OUT 8
R2IN 9
DIP/SO
MAX222
MAX242
15 R1IN
V- 7
C2
+5V
16 N.C.
14 R1OUT
12 T1IN
T2OUT 8
13 N.C.
11 T2IN
R2IN 9
12 T1IN
R2OUT 10
11 T2IN
10 R2OUT
C1
20 SHDN
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
400k
12 T1IN
+5V
(EXCEPT MAX220)
400k
11 T2IN
(EXCEPT MAX220)
T1OUT 15
13 R1OUT
R1IN 14
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
SSOP
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
R2IN 9
10 R2OUT
1 (N.C.) EN
( ) ARE FOR MAX222 ONLY.
PIN NUMBERS IN TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT ARE FOR DIP/SO PACKAGES ONLY.
RS-232
OUTPUTS
T2OUT 8
5k
SHDN
GND
18
16
Figure 6. MAX222/MAX242 Pin Configurations and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
17
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V
TOP VIEW
0.1
+5V
28
VCC
27
VCC
400k
T1IN
3
ENR 1
28 VCC
ENR 2
27 VCC
T1IN 3
26 ENT
T2IN 4
25 T3IN
R1OUT 5
MAX225
23 T5IN
R3OUT 7
22 R4OUT
R3IN 8
21 R5OUT
R2IN 9
20 R5IN
R1IN 10
18 T3OUT
T2OUT 12
17 T4OUT
GND 13
16 T5OUT
GND 14
15 T5OUT
T2IN
4
T2OUT
+5V
12
400k
T3IN
25
T3OUT
+5V
18
400k
T4IN
24
+5V
T4OUT
17
400k
19 R4IN
T1OUT 11
11
400k
24 T4IN
R2OUT 6
T1OUT
+5V
T5OUT
T5IN
23
ENT
26
T5OUT
R1OUT
5
R1IN
16
15
10
5k
SO
R2OUT
6
R2IN
9
5k
R3OUT
7
MAX225 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
5 RECEIVERS
5 TRANSMITTERS
2 CONTROL PINS
1 RECEIVER ENABLE (ENR)
1 TRANSMITTER ENABLE (ENT)
R3IN
8
R4IN
19
5k
R4OUT
22
5k
R5OUT
21
R5IN
5k
PINS (ENR, GND, VCC, T5OUT) ARE INTERNALLY CONNECTED.
CONNECT EITHER OR BOTH EXTERNALLY. T5OUT IS A SINGLE DRIVER.
1
2
ENR
ENR
GND
13
GND
14
Figure 7. MAX225 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
18
______________________________________________________________________________________
20
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW
1.0µF
12
11
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1+
1.0µF
14
C115
C2+
1.0µF
16 C2-
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
28 T4OUT
27 R3IN
T2OUT 3
26 R3OUT
R2IN 4
25 SHDN (SHDN)
R2OUT 5
T2IN 6
24 EN (EN)
MAX223
MAX241
T1IN 7
400k
6 T2IN
21 T4IN
R1IN 9
20 T3IN
GND 10
19 R5OUT*
VCC 11
18 R5IN*
C1+ 12
17 V-
V+ 13
16 C2-
C1- 14
15 C2+
Wide SO/
SSOP
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
20 T3IN
T3OUT 1
T3
23 R4IN*
R1OUT 8
T2OUT 3
T2
+5V
22 R4OUT*
T1OUT 2
T1
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
17
400k
7 T1IN
T1OUT 2
V-
13
1.0µF
+5V
T3OUT 1
1.0µF
V+
+5V
21 T4IN
8 R1OUT
400k
T4
T4OUT 28
R1
R1IN 9
5k
5 R2OUT
R2IN 4
R2
5k
LOGIC
OUTPUTS
26 R3OUT
R3
R3IN
27
R4IN
23
R5IN
18
5k
22 R4OUT
R4
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
19 R5OUT
R5
*R4 AND R5 IN MAX223 REMAIN ACTIVE IN SHUTDOWN
NOTE: PIN LABELS IN ( ) ARE FOR MAX241
5k
24 EN (EN)
GND
SHDN 25
(SHDN)
10
Figure 8. MAX223/MAX241 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
19
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW
1.0µF
1.0µF
20 T4OUT
1
T1OUT 2
19 T5IN
T2OUT 3
18 N.C.
T2IN 4
1.0µF
17 SHDN
MAX230
T1IN 5
16 T5OUT
GND 6
15 T4IN
VCC 7
14 T3IN
C1+ 8
13 V-
V+ 9
12 C2-
C1- 10
11 C2+
11
+10V TO -10V
C2+
12
VC2- VOLTAGE INVERTER
+5V
400k
T1OUT
5 T1IN
T1
+5V
400k
T2OUT
4 T2IN
T2
+5V
400k
T3OUT
14 T3IN
T3
+5V
400k
T4OUT
15 T4IN
T4
+5V
400k
T5OUT
19 T5IN
T5
T1
T3OUT
7
VCC
V+ 9
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
8 C1+
10 C1-
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
DIP/SO
N.C. x 18
1.0µF
13
1.0µF
2
3
RS-232
OUTPUTS
1
20
16
17
GND
SHDN
6
Figure 9. MAX230 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW
+7.5V TO +12V
1.0µF
13 (15)
1
2
1.0µF
C+ 1
CV-
2
3
T2OUT 4
14 V+
C+ 1
16 V+
13 VCC
C- 2
15 VCC
V- 3
12 GND
MAX231
R2IN 5
11 T1OUT
T2OUT 4
9
R1OUT
T2IN 7
8
T1IN
R2OUT 6
8
10 T1IN
N.C. 8
9
N.C.
DIP
SO
T1IN
T1OUT 11
T1
(13)
RS-232
OUTPUTS
(11)
7
T2IN
9
R1OUT
T2OUT 4
T2
R1IN 10
R1
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
5k
6 R2OUT
(12)
RS-232
INPUTS
R2IN 5
R2
GND
12 (14)
Figure 10. MAX231 Pin Configurations and Typical Operating Circuit
20
C2
1.0µF
400k
5k
PIN NUMBERS IN ( ) ARE FOR SO PACKAGE
(16)
3
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
11 R1OUT
T2IN 7
V-
14
400k
(10)
12 R1IN
R2IN 5
10 R1IN
R2OUT 6
13 T1OUT
C1-
V+
+5V
14 GND
MAX231
VCC
+12V TO -12V
VOLTAGE CONVERTER
C1+
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
1.0µF
TOP VIEW
7
VCC
+5V
400k
T2IN
20 R2OUT
1
T1IN 2
19 R2IN
R1OUT 3
R1IN 4
T1OUT 5
GND 6
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
18 T2OUT
1
T2IN
3
R1OUT
14 V+ (C1-)
(V+) C1+ 8
12 V- (C2+)
(V-) CS- 10
18
R1IN 4
11 C2+ (C2-)
DIP/SO
5k
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
20 R2OUT
13 C1- (C1+)
GND 9
T2OUT
16 C215 C2+
VCC 7
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
17 V-
MAX233
MAX233A
T1OUT 5
T1IN
2
8 (13)
DO NOT MAKE
CONNECTIONS TO 13 (14)
THESE PINS
12 (10)
INTERNAL -10
17
POWER SUPPLY
INTERNAL +10V
POWER SUPPLY
RS-232
OUTPUTS
R2IN 19
5k
C1+
C1-
C2+
V-
C2-
V14 (8) V+
C2GND
11 (12)
C2+
15
16
10 (11)
GND
6
9
( ) ARE FOR SO PACKAGE ONLY.
Figure 11. MAX233/MAX233A Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
+5V INPUT
1.0µF
TOP VIEW
7
1.0µF
9
10
T1OUT 1
16 T3OUT
T2OUT 2
15 T4OUT
T2IN 3
T1IN 4
1.0µF
C1C2+
11 C2-
6
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
VCC 6
13 T3IN
10 C2+
9
V+ 8
C1-
V-
12
1.0µF
T1
T1OUT 1
+5V
400k
3 T2IN
11 C2-
C1+ 7
V+
400k
4 T1IN
12 V-
GND 5
1.0µF
8
+5V
14 T4IN
MAX234
C1+
T2
T2OUT 3
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
13 T3IN
T3
T3OUT 16
+5V
DIP/SO
400k
14 T4IN
T4
T4OUT 15
GND
5
Figure 12. MAX234 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
21
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW
1.0µF
12
VCC
+5V
400k
8 T1IN
T1
T1OUT 3
T2
T2OUT 4
+5V
400k
7 T2IN
+5V
400k
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
T4OUT 1
24 R3IN
T3OUT 2
23 R3OUT
T1OUT 3
22 T5IN
T2OUT 4
21 SHDN
R2IN 5
MAX235
R2OUT 6
15 T3IN
T3OUT 2
T3
RS-232
OUTPUTS
+5V
400k
16 T4IN
+5V
20 EN
22 T5IN
T4OUT 1
T4
400k
T5OUT 19
T5
19 T5OUT
T2IN 7
18 R4IN
T1IN 8
17 R4OUT
R1OUT 9
16 T4IN
R1IN 10
15 T3IN
GND 11
14 R5OUT
VCC 12
13 R5IN
DIP
9 R1OUT
R1IN 10
T1
5k
6 R2OUT
R2IN 5
R2
5k
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
23 R3OUT
R3IN 24
R3
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
17 R4OUT
R4IN 18
R4
5k
14 R5OUT
R5IN 13
R5
5k
20 EN
SHDN
21
GND
11
Figure 13. MAX235 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
22
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
TOP VIEW
+5V INPUT
1.0µF
9
10
1.0µF
12
13
1.0µF
1.0µF
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1+
C1-
V+
C2+
V-
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
14 C2-
11
15
1.0µF
+5V
400k
7 T1IN
T3OUT 1
24 T4OUT
T1OUT 2
23 R2IN
T2OUT 3
22 R2OUT
R1IN 4
21 SHDN
R1OUT 5
MAX236
+5V
400k
6 T2IN
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
19 T4IN
T1IN 7
18 T3IN
GND 8
17 R3OUT
VCC 9
16 R3IN
C1+ 10
15 V-
V+ 11
14 C2-
C1- 12
13 C2+
T2OUT
T2
3
RS-232
OUTPUTS
+5V
400k
20 EN
T2IN 6
T1OUT 2
T1
18 T3IN
T3OUT 1
T3
+5V
400k
19 T4IN
5 R1OUT
T4OUT 24
T4
R1IN 4
R1
5k
DIP/SO
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
22 R2OUT
R2
R2IN
23
R3IN
16
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
17 R3OUT
R3
5k
20 EN
SHDN
21
GND
8
Figure 14. MAX236 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
23
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
TOP VIEW
+5V INPUT
1.0µF
10
1.0µF
12
13
1.0µF
14
C1C2+
C2-
24 T4OUT
T1OUT 2
23 R2IN
T2OUT 3
22 R2OUT
R1IN 4
R1OUT 5
MAX237
20 T5OUT
T2IN 6
19 T4IN
T1IN 7
18 T3IN
GND 8
17 R3OUT
VCC 9
16 R3IN
C1+ 10
15 V-
V+ 11
14 C2-
C1- 12
13 C2+
400k
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
T2OUT
T2
+5V
3
400k
18 T3IN
T3OUT 1
T3
+5V
1.0µF
T1OUT 2
T1
6 T2IN
21 T5IN
15
V-
400k
7 T1IN
+5V
11
V+
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
+5V
T3OUT 1
1.0µF
9
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1+
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
19 T4IN
T4OUT 24
T4
+5V
400k
21 T5IN
DIP/SO
5 R1OUT
T5OUT 20
T5
R1IN 4
R1
5k
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
22 R2OUT
R2
R2IN
23
R3IN
16
5k
17 R3OUT
R3
5k
GND
8
Figure 15. MAX237 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
24
______________________________________________________________________________________
RS-232
INPUTS
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
TOP VIEW
+5V INPUT
1.0µF
1.0µF
9
10
1.0µF
12
13
1.0µF
14
C1+
C1-
C2-
22 R3OUT
R2OUT 4
T1IN 5
20 T4OUT
R1OUT 6
19 T3IN
R1IN 7
18 T2IN
GND 8
17 R4OUT
VCC 9
16 R4IN
C1+ 10
15 V-
V+ 11
14 C2-
C1- 12
13 C2+
21 T4IN
6 R1OUT
T1OUT 2
400k
T2OUT
1
400k
19 T3IN
RS-232
OUTPUTS
T3OUT 24
T3
+5V
15
1.0µF
T2
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
11
400k
18 T2IN
21 T4IN
MAX238
V-
T1
+5V
23 R3IN
R2IN 3
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
5 T1IN
24 T3OUT
T1OUT 2
V+
C2+
+5V
T2OUT 1
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
400k
T4OUT 20
T4
R1IN 7
R1
5k
DIP/SO
4 R2OUT
R2IN
R2
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
3
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
22 R3OUT
R3
R3IN
23
R4IN
16
5k
17 R4OUT
R4
5k
GND
8
Figure 16. MAX238 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
25
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
TOP VIEW
7.5V TO 13.2V
INPUT
+5V INPUT
1.0µF
4
6
1.0µF
7
5
VCC
C1+
V+
C1-
+5V
24 T1IN
R1IN 2
23 T2IN
GND 3
22 R2OUT
VCC 4
V+ 5
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
C+ 6
19 T1OUT
C- 7
18 R3IN
V- 8
17 R3OUT
R5IN 9
16 T3IN
R5OUT 10
15 N.C.
R4OUT 11
14 EN
16 T3IN
1 R1OUT
T2OUT
T2
+5V
20 T2OUT
T1OUT 19
400k
23 T2IN
21 R2IN
MAX239
1.0µF
T1
+5V
8
400k
24 T1IN
R1OUT 1
V-
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
20
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
T3OUT 13
T3
R1IN 2
R1
5k
R4IN 12
22 R2OUT
R2IN 21
R2
13 T3OUT
5k
DIP/SO
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
17 R3OUT
R3
R3IN
18
R4IN
12
R5IN
9
5k
11 R4OUT
R4
5k
10 R5OUT
R5
5k
14 EN
N.C.
GND
3
Figure 17. MAX239 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
26
______________________________________________________________________________________
15
RS-232
INPUTS
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
1.0µF
25
19
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1+
1.0µF
27
C128
C2+
1.0µF
29 C2-
400k
N.C.
R2IN
N.C.
T2OUT
T1OUT
T3OUT
T4OUT
R3IN
R3OUT
T5IN
N.C.
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
N.C.
N.C.
C1+
V+
C1C2+
C2
VN.C.
N.C.
N.C.
T2OUT
37 T3IN
T3OUT 6
T3
+5V
2 T5IN
16 R1OUT
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
38 T4IN
+5V
8
400k
T4OUT 5
T4
400k
T5OUT
T5
41
R1IN 17
R1
5k
13 R2OUT
R2IN 10
R2
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
MAX240
T1OUT 7
T2
+5V
N.C.
SHDN
EN
T5OUT
R4IN
R4OUT
T4IN
T3IN
R5OUT
R5IN
N.C.
30
400k
14 T2IN
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
V-
T1
+5V
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
V+
26
1.0µF
15 T1IN
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
1.0µF
+5V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
+5V
N.C.
R2OUT
T2IN
T1IN
R1OUT
R1IN
GND
VCC
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW
5k
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
3 R3OUT
R3
R3IN
4
R4IN
40
R5IN
35
5k
RS-232
INPUTS
Plastic FP
39 R4OUT
R4
5k
36 R5OUT
R5
5k
42 EN
GND
SHDN
43
18
Figure 18. MAX240 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
27
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ALL CAPACITORS = 0.1µF
0.1µF
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW
0.1µF
1
C1+ 1
16 VCC
V+ 2
15 GND
C1- 3
14 T1OUT
C2+ 4
MAX243
C2- 5
0.1µF
3 C14
C2+
0.1µF
5 C2-
11 T1IN
T2OUT 7
10 T2IN
9
V+
+10V TO -10V
VOLTAGE INVERTER
V-
2
+10V
6
-10V
0.1µF
400k
13 R1IN
V- 6
16
VCC
+5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
+5V
T1OUT 14
11 T1IN
12 R1OUT
R2IN 8
C1+
+5V
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS
RS-232
OUTPUTS
400k
T2OUT 7
10 T2IN
R2OUT
DIP/SO
12 R1OUT
R1IN 13
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS
9 R2OUT
RECEIVER INPUT
≤ -3 V
OPEN
≥ +3V
R1 OUTPUT
HIGH
HIGH
LOW
R2 OUTPUT
HIGH
LOW
LOW
R2IN 8
5k
GND
15
Figure 19. MAX243 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
28
RS-232
INPUTS
5k
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
+5V
TOP VIEW
1µF
1µF
20
VCC
+5V TO +10V VOLTAGE DOUBLER
RB5IN
TB4OUT
TB3OUT
TB2OUT
TB1OUT
TA1OUT
TA2OUT
TA4OUT
TA3OUT
RA4IN
RA5IN
21
1µF
1µF
6
5
4
3
2
1
44 43 42 41 40
C1+
23 C124
C2+
25 C2-
22
V+
26
V- 1µF
+10V TO -10V VOLTAGE INVERTER
2 TA1OUT
+5V
+5V
TB1OUT 44
400k
RA3IN
7
39 RB4IN
RA2IN
8
38 RB3IN
RA1IN
9
37 RB2IN
RA1OUT
10
36 RB1IN
RA2OUT
11
35 RB1OUT
RA3OUT
12
MAX244
34 RB2OUT
33 RB3OUT
RA5OUT
14
32 RB4OUT
TA1IN
15
31 RB5OUT
TA2IN
16
30 TB1IN
TA3IN
17
29 TB2IN
PLCC
TB1IN 30
+5V
+5V
2 TA2OUT
TB2OUT 43
400k
TB2IN 29
16 TA2IN
+5V
+5V
3 TA3OUT
TB3OUT 42
400k
17 TA3IN
TB3IN 28
+5V
+5V
4 TA4OUT
TB4OUT 41
400k
18 TA4IN
TB4IN 27
9 RA1IN
RB1IN 36
TB3IN
TB4IN
V-
C2-
C2+
V+
C1-
VCC
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
C1+
18
GND
13
TA4IN
RA4OUT
15 TA1IN
5k
5k
10 RA1OUT
RB1OUT 35
8 RA2IN
MAX249 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
10 RECEIVERS
5 A-SIDE RECEIVER
5 B-SIDE RECEIVER
8 TRANSMITTERS
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
NO CONTROL PINS
RB2IN 37
5k
5k
11 RA2OUT
RB2OUT 34
7 RA3IN
RB3IN 38
5k
5k
12 RA3OUT
RB3OUT 33
6 RA4IN
RB4IN 39
5k
5k
13 RA4OUT
RB4OUT 32
5 RA5IN
RB5IN 40
5k
5k
14 RA5OUT
GND
19
RB5OUT 31
Figure 20. MAX244 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
29
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V
TOP VIEW
1µF
40
VCC
ENR
40
1
VCC
TA1IN
2
39
ENT
TA2IN
3
38
TB1IN
TA3IN
4
37
TB2IN
TA4IN
5
36
TB3IN
RA5OUT
6
35
TB4IN
RA4OUT
7
34
RB5OUT
MAX245
RA3OUT
8
33
RB4OUT
RA2OUT
9
32
RB3OUT
RA1OUT
10
31
RB2OUT
RA1IN
11
30
RB1OUT
RA2IN
12
29
RB1IN
RA3IN
13
28
RB2IN
RA4IN
14
27
RB3IN
RA5IN
15
26
RB4IN
TA1OUT
16
25
RB5IN
TA2OUT
17
24
TB1OUT
TA3OUT
18
23
TB2OUT
TA4OUT
GND
19
22
TB3OUT
20
21
TB4OUT
+5V
+5V
16 TA1OUT
2 TA1IN
TB1IN 38
+5V
+5V
17 TA2OUT
3 TA2IN
TB2IN 37
+5V
+5V
18 TA3OUT
TB3OUT 22
400k
4 TA3IN
TB3IN 36
+5V
+5V
19 TA4OUT
TB4OUT 21
400k
5 TA4IN
TB4IN 35
1 ENR
ENT 39
11 RA1IN
RB1IN 29
5k
5k
10 RA1OUT
RB1OUT 30
12 RA2IN
RB2IN 28
5k
5k
RB2OUT 31
13 RA3IN
RB3IN 27
5k
5k
MAX245 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
10 RECEIVERS
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS (RA5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS (RB5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
8 TRANSMITTTERS
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
2 CONTROL PINS
1 RECEIVER ENABLE (ENR)
1 TRANSMITTER ENABLE (ENT)
TB2OUT 23
400k
9 RA2OUT
DIP
TB1OUT 24
400k
8 RA3OUT
RB3OUT 32
14 RA4IN
RB4IN 26
5k
5k
7 RA4OUT
RB4OUT 33
15 RA5IN
RB5IN 25
5k
5k
6 RA5OUT
RB5OUT 34
GND
20
Figure 21. MAX245 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
30
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
+5V
TOP VIEW
1µF
ENA
1
40
VCC
TA1IN
2
39
ENB
TA2IN
3
38
TB1IN
TA3IN
4
37
TB2IN
TA4IN
5
36
TB3IN
RA5OUT
6
35
TB4IN
RA4OUT
7
34
RB5OUT
RA3OUT
8
33
RB4OUT
MAX246
RA2OUT
9
32
RB3OUT
RA1OUT
10
31
RB2OUT
RA1IN
11
30
RB1OUT
RA2IN
12
29
RB1IN
RA3IN
13
28
RB2IN
RA4IN
14
27
RB3IN
RA5IN
15
26
RB4IN
TA1OUT
16
25
RB5IN
TA2OUT
17
24
TB1OUT
TA3OUT
18
23
TB2OUT
TA4OUT
19
22
TB3OUT
GND
20
21
TB4OUT
DIP
40
VCC
+5V
+5V
TB1OUT 24
16 TA1OUT
400k
2 TA1IN
TB1IN 38
+5V
+5V
17 TA2OUT
TB2OUT 23
400k
3 TA2IN
TB2IN 37
+5V
+5V
18 TA3OUT
TB3OUT 22
400k
4 TA3IN
TB3IN 36
+5V
+5V
19 TA4OUT
TB4OUT 21
400k
5 TA4IN
TB4IN 35
1 ENA
ENB 39
11 RA1IN
RB1IN 29
5k
5k
RB1OUT 30
10 RA1OUT
12 RA2IN
RB2IN 28
5k
5k
9 RA2OUT
RB2OUT 31
13 RA3IN
MAX246 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
10 RECEIVERS
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS (RA5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS (RB5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
8 TRANSMITTERS
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
2 CONTROL PINS
ENABLE A-SIDE (ENA)
ENABLE B-SIDE (ENB)
RB3IN 27
5k
5k
8 RA3OUT
RB3OUT 32
14 RA4IN
RB4IN 26
5k
5k
7 RA4OUT
RB4OUT 33
15 RA5IN
RB5IN 25
5k
5k
6 RA5OUT
RB5OUT 34
GND
20
Figure 22. MAX246 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
31
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V
TOP VIEW
1µF
40
VCC
+5V
+5V
1 ENTA
ENTA
40
1
VCC
TA1IN
2
39
ENTB
TA2IN
3
38
TB1IN
TA3IN
4
37
TB2IN
TA4IN
5
36
TB3IN
RB5OUT
6
35
TB4IN
RA4OUT
7
34
RB4OUT
RA3OUT
8
33
RB3OUT
RA2OUT
9
32
RB2OUT
RA1OUT
10
31
RB1OUT
ENRA
11
30
ENRB
MAX247
RA1IN
12
29
RB1IN
RA2IN
13
28
RB2IN
RA3IN
14
27
RB3IN
RA4IN
15
26
RB4IN
TA1OUT
16
25
RB5IN
TA2OUT
17
24
TB1OUT
TA3OUT
18
23
TB2OUT
TA4OUT
19
22
TB3OUT
GND
20
21
TB4OUT
16 TA1OUT
ENTB 39
TB1OUT 24
400k
2 TA1IN
TB1IN 38
+5V
+5V
17 TA2OUT
TB2OUT 23
400k
3 TA2IN
TB2IN 37
+5V
+5V
18 TA3OUT
TB3OUT 22
400k
4 TA3IN
TB3IN 36
+5V
+5V
19 TA4OUT
TB4OUT 21
400k
5 TA4IN
TB4IN 35
6 RB5OUT
RB5IN 25
5k
12 RA1IN
RB1IN 29
5k
5k
10 RA1OUT
RB1OUT 31
13 RA2IN
RB2IN 28
DIP
5k
5k
MAX247 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
9 RECEIVERS
4 A-SIDE RECEIVERS
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS (RB5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
8 TRANSMITTERS
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 CONTROL PINS
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENRA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENRB)
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENTA)
ENABLE RECEIVERr B-SIDE (ENTB)
9 RA2OUT
RB2OUT 32
14 RA3IN
RB3IN 27
5k
5k
8 RA3OUT
RB3OUT 33
15 RA4IN
RB4IN 26
5k
5k
7 RA4OUT
RB4OUT 34
11 ENRA
ENRB 30
GND
20
Figure 23. MAX247 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
32
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249
TOP VIEW
+5V
1µF
1µF
20
4
3
2
1
44 43 42 41 40
1µF
RB4IN
TA4OUT
TB1OUT
TB3OUT
TA1OUT
TB2OUT
TA2OUT
5
TA4OUT
6
TA3OUT
RA3IN
RA4IN
21
1µF
C1+
23 C124
C2+
25 C2-
VCC
+5V TO +10V VOLTAGE DOUBLER
V+
V-
+5V
1 TA1OUT
39 RB3IN
RA1IN
8
38 RB2IN
ENRA
9
37 RB1IN
RA1OUT
10
36 ENRB
RA2OUT
11
35 RB1OUT
MAX248
RA3OUT
12
RA4OUT
13
33 RB3OUT
TA1IN
14
32 RB4OUT
34 RB2OUT
TA2IN
15
31 TB1IN
TA3IN
16
30 TB2IN
29 TB3IN
TB4IN
ENTB
V-
C2-
C2+
V+
C1-
VCC
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
C1+
18
GND
17
ENTA
TA4IN
PLCC
TB1OUT 44
400k
14 TA1IN
TB1IN 31
+5V
+5V
2 TA2OUT
TB2OUT 43
400k
15 TA2IN
TB2IN 30
+5V
+5V
3 TA3OUT
TB3OUT 42
400k
16 TA3IN
TB3IN 29
+5V
+5V
4 TA4OUT
TB4OUT 41
400k
17 TA4IN
TB4IN 28
8 RA1IN
RB1IN 37
5k
5k
MAX248 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
8 RECEIVERS
4 A-SIDE RECEIVERS
4 B-SIDE RECEIVERS
8 TRANSMITTERS
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 CONTROL PINS
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENRA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENRB)
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENTA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENTB)
1µF
ENTB 27
+5V
7
26
+10V TO -10V VOLTAGE INVERTER
18 ENTA
RA2IN
22
10 RA1OUT
RB1OUT 35
7 RA2IN
RB2IN 38
5k
5k
11 RA2OUT
RB2OUT 34
6 RA3IN
RB3IN 39
5k
5k
12 RA3OUT
RB3OUT 33
5 RA4IN
RB4IN 40
5k
5k
13 RA4OUT
RB4OUT 32
9 ENRA
ENRB 36
GND
19
Figure 24. MAX248 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
______________________________________________________________________________________
33
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
+5V
TOP VIEW
1µF
1µF
20
2
1
44 43 42 41 40
1µF
RB4IN
TB3OUT
3
RB5IN
TB2OUT
TB1OUT
4
TA1OUT
5
TA3OUT
RA5IN
6
TA2OUT
RA3IN
RA4IN
21
1µF
VCC
+5V TO +10V VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1+
23 C124
C2+
25 C2-
V+
V-
+5V
1 TA1OUT
39 RB3IN
RA1IN
8
38 RB2IN
ENRA
9
37 RB1IN
RA1OUT
10
36 ENRB
RA2OUT
11
35 RB1OUT
RA3OUT
12
RA4OUT
13
33 RB3OUT
RA5OUT
14
32 RB4OUT
TA1IN
15
31 RB5OUT
TA2IN
16
30 TB1IN
34 RB2OUT
29 TB2IN
TB3IN
ENTB
V-
C2-
C1-
C2+
V+
VCC
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
C1+
18
GND
17
ENTA
TA3IN
MAX249
PLCC
TB1OUT 44
400k
15 TA1IN
TB1IN 30
+5V
+5V
TB2OUT 43
2 TA2OUT
400k
16 TA2IN
TB2IN 29
+5V
+5V
3 TA3OUT
TB3OUT 42
400k
17 TA3IN
TB3IN 28
8 RA1IN
RB1IN 37
5k
5k
10 RA1OUT
RB1OUT 35
7 RA2IN
RB2IN 38
5k
5k
MAX249 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
10 RECEIVERS
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS
6 TRANSMITTERS
3 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
3 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 CONTROL PINS
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENRA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENRB)
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENTA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENTB)
11 RA2OUT
RB2OUT 34
6 RA3IN
RB3IN 39
5k
5k
12 RA3OUT
RB3OUT 33
5 RA4IN
RB4IN 40
5k
5k
13 RA4OUT
RB4OUT 32
4 RA5IN
RB5IN 41
5k
5k
14 RA5OUT
9 ENRA
RB5OUT 31
ENRB 36
GND
19
Figure 25. MAX249 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit
34
1µF
ENTB 27
+5V
7
26
+10V TO -10V VOLTAGE INVERTER
18 ENTA
RA2IN
22
______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
PIN-PACKAGE
MAX232AC/D
0°C to +70°C
MAX222CPN
PART
TEMP. RANGE
0°C to +70°C
18 Plastic DIP
MAX232AEPE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX222CWN
0°C to +70°C
18 Wide SO
MAX232AESE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Narrow SO
MAX222C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX232AEWE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Wide SO
MAX222EPN
-40°C to +85°C
18 Plastic DIP
MAX232AEJE
-40°C to +85°C
16 CERDIP
MAX222EWN
-40°C to +85°C
18 Wide SO
MAX232AMJE
-55°C to +125°C
16 CERDIP
MAX222EJN
-40°C to +85°C
18 CERDIP
MAX232AMLP
-55°C to +125°C
20 LCC
MAX222MJN
-55°C to +125°C
18 CERDIP
MAX233CPP
0°C to +70°C
20 Plastic DIP
MAX223CAI
0°C to +70°C
28 SSOP
MAX233EPP
-40°C to +85°C
20 Plastic DIP
MAX223CWI
0°C to +70°C
28 Wide SO
MAX233ACPP
0°C to +70°C
20 Plastic DIP
MAX223C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX233ACWP
0°C to +70°C
20 Wide SO
MAX223EAI
-40°C to +85°C
28 SSOP
MAX233AEPP
-40°C to +85°C
20 Plastic DIP
MAX223EWI
-40°C to +85°C
28 Wide SO
MAX233AEWP
-40°C to +85°C
20 Wide SO
MAX225CWI
0°C to +70°C
28 Wide SO
MAX234CPE
0°C to +70°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX225EWI
-40°C to +85°C
28 Wide SO
MAX234CWE
0°C to +70°C
16 Wide SO
MAX230CPP
0°C to +70°C
20 Plastic DIP
MAX234C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX230CWP
0°C to +70°C
20 Wide SO
MAX234EPE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX230C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX234EWE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Wide SO
MAX230EPP
-40°C to +85°C
20 Plastic DIP
MAX234EJE
-40°C to +85°C
16 CERDIP
MAX230EWP
-40°C to +85°C
20 Wide SO
MAX234MJE
-55°C to +125°C
16 CERDIP
MAX230EJP
-40°C to +85°C
20 CERDIP
MAX235CPG
0°C to +70°C
24 Wide Plastic DIP
MAX230MJP
-55°C to +125°C
20 CERDIP
MAX235EPG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Wide Plastic DIP
MAX231CPD
0°C to +70°C
14 Plastic DIP
MAX235EDG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Ceramic SB
MAX231CWE
0°C to +70°C
16 Wide SO
MAX235MDG
-55°C to +125°C
24 Ceramic SB
MAX231CJD
0°C to +70°C
14 CERDIP
MAX236CNG
0°C to +70°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX231C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX236CWG
0°C to +70°C
24 Wide SO
MAX231EPD
-40°C to +85°C
14 Plastic DIP
MAX236C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX231EWE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Wide SO
MAX236ENG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX231EJD
-40°C to +85°C
14 CERDIP
MAX236EWG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Wide SO
MAX231MJD
-55°C to +125°C
14 CERDIP
MAX236ERG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232CPE
0°C to +70°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX236MRG
-55°C to +125°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232CSE
0°C to +70°C
16 Narrow SO
MAX237CNG
0°C to +70°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX232CWE
0°C to +70°C
16 Wide SO
MAX237CWG
0°C to +70°C
24 Wide SO
MAX232C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX237C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX232EPE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX237ENG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX232ESE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Narrow SO
MAX237EWG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Wide SO
MAX232EWE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Wide SO
MAX237ERG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232EJE
-40°C to +85°C
16 CERDIP
MAX237MRG
-55°C to +125°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232MJE
-55°C to +125°C
16 CERDIP
MAX238CNG
0°C to +70°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX232MLP
-55°C to +125°C
20 LCC
MAX238CWG
0°C to +70°C
24 Wide SO
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX232ACPE
0°C to +70°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX238C/D
MAX232ACSE
0°C to +70°C
16 Narrow SO
MAX238ENG
MAX232ACWE
0°C to +70°C
16 Wide SO
-40°C to +85°C
Dice*
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
* Contact factory for dice specifications.
______________________________________________________________________________________
35
MAX220–MAX249
___________________________________________Ordering Information (continued)
MAX220–MAX249
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
___________________________________________Ordering Information (continued)
PIN-PACKAGE
MAX243CPE
0°C to +70°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX238EWG
PART
-40°C to +85°C
TEMP. RANGE
24 Wide SO
MAX243CSE
0°C to +70°C
16 Narrow SO
MAX238ERG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX243CWE
0°C to +70°C
16 Wide SO
MAX238MRG
-55°C to +125°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX243C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX239CNG
0°C to +70°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX243EPE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Plastic DIP
MAX239CWG
0°C to +70°C
24 Wide SO
MAX243ESE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Narrow SO
MAX239C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX243EWE
-40°C to +85°C
16 Wide SO
MAX239ENG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX243EJE
-40°C to +85°C
16 CERDIP
MAX239EWG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Wide SO
MAX243MJE
-55°C to +125°C
16 CERDIP
MAX239ERG
-40°C to +85°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX244CQH
0°C to +70°C
44 PLCC
MAX239MRG
-55°C to +125°C
24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX244C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX240CMH
0°C to +70°C
44 Plastic FP
MAX244EQH
-40°C to +85°C
MAX240C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX245CPL
0°C to +70°C
40 Plastic DIP
MAX241CAI
0°C to +70°C
28 SSOP
MAX245C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX241CWI
0°C to +70°C
28 Wide SO
MAX245EPL
-40°C to +85°C
40 Plastic DIP
MAX241C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX246CPL
0°C to +70°C
40 Plastic DIP
MAX241EAI
-40°C to +85°C
28 SSOP
MAX246C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX241EWI
-40°C to +85°C
28 Wide SO
44 PLCC
MAX246EPL
-40°C to +85°C
40 Plastic DIP
MAX242CAP
0°C to +70°C
20 SSOP
MAX247CPL
0°C to +70°C
40 Plastic DIP
MAX242CPN
0°C to +70°C
18 Plastic DIP
MAX247C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX242CWN
0°C to +70°C
18 Wide SO
MAX247EPL
-40°C to +85°C
MAX242C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX248CQH
0°C to +70°C
44 PLCC
MAX242EPN
-40°C to +85°C
18 Plastic DIP
MAX248C/D
0°C to +70°C
Dice*
MAX242EWN
-40°C to +85°C
18 Wide SO
MAX248EQH
-40°C to +85°C
44 PLCC
MAX242EJN
-40°C to +85°C
18 CERDIP
MAX249CQH
0°C to +70°C
44 PLCC
MAX242MJN
-55°C to +125°C
18 CERDIP
MAX249EQH
-40°C to +85°C
44 PLCC
40 Plastic DIP
* Contact factory for dice specifications.
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
36 __________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (408) 737-7600
© 2000 Maxim Integrated Products
Printed USA
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.
HD-6402
CMOS Universal Asynchronous
Receiver Transmitter (UART)
March 1997
Features
Description
• 8.0MHz Operating Frequency (HD-6402B)
The HD-6402 is a CMOS UART for interfacing computers or
microprocessors to an asynchronous serial data channel.
The receiver converts serial start, data, parity and stop bits.
The transmitter converts parallel data into serial form and
automatically adds start, parity and stop bits. The data word
length can be 5, 6, 7 or 8 bits. Parity may be odd or even.
Parity checking and generation can be inhibited. The stop
bits may be one or two or one and one-half when transmitting 5-bit code.
• 2.0MHz Operating Frequency (HD-6402R)
• Low Power CMOS Design
• Programmable Word Length, Stop Bits and Parity
• Automatic Data Formatting and Status Generation
• Compatible with Industry Standard UARTs
• Single +5V Power Supply
The HD-6402 can be used in a wide range of applications
including modems, printers, peripherals and remote data
acquisition systems. Utilizing the Intersil advanced scaled
SAJI IV CMOS process permits operation clock frequencies
up to 8.0MHz (500K Baud). Power requirements, by comparison, are reduced from 300mW to 10mW. Status logic
increases flexibility and simplifies the user interface.
• CMOS/TTL Compatible Inputs
Ordering Information
PACKAGE
TEMPERATURE RANGE
2MHz = 125K BAUD
8MHz = 500K BAUD
PKG. NO.
Plastic DIP
-40oC to +85oC
CERDIP
-40oC to +85oC
HD1-6402R-9
HD1-6402B-9
F40.6
SMD#
-55oC to +125oC
5962-9052501MQA
5962-9052502MQA
F40.6
HD3-6402R-9
HD3-6402B-9
E40.6
Pinout
HD-6402 (PDIP, CERDIP)
TOP VIEW
VCC
1
40 TRC
NC
2
39 EPE
GND
3
38 CLS1
RRD
4
37 CLS2
RBR8
5
36 SBS
RBR7
6
35 PI
RBR6
7
34 CRL
RBR5
8
33 TBR8
RBR4
9
32 TBR7
RBR3
10
31 TBR6
RBR2
11
30 TBR5
RBR1
12
29 TBR4
PE
13
28 TBR3
FE
14
27 TBR2
OE
15
26 TBR1
SFD
16
25 TRO
RRC
17
24 TRE
DRR
18
23 TBRL
DR
19
22 TBRE
RRI
20
21 MR
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
http://www.intersil.com or 407-727-9207 | Copyright © Intersil Corporation 1999
5-1
File Number
2956.1
HD-6402
Functional Diagram
(32)
TBR8
(24) TRE
(33)
(30)
(31)
(28)
(29)
(26)
(27)
TBR1
TRANSMITTER BUFFER REGISTER
(22) TBRE †
PARITY
LOGIC
STOP
(23) TBRL
TRANSMITTER REGISTER
TRANSMITTER
TIMING AND
CONTROL
(40) TRC
START
MULTIPLEXER
(25) TRO
(38) CLS1
(37) CLS2
(34) CRL
(21) MR
(36) SBS
(16) SFD
(39) EPE
(35) PI
CONTROL
REGISTER
(20) RRI
(17) RRC
MULTIPLEXER
RECEIVER
TIMING AND
CONTROL
(18) DRR
STOP
LOGIC
(19) DR †
START
LOGIC
RECEIVER REGISTER
PARITY
LOGIC
RECEIVER BUFFER REGISTER
3-STATE
(16) SFD
(4) RRD
BUFFERS
† RBR8
† THESE OUTPUTS ARE
THREE-STATE
† OE
(15)
† FE
(14)
† PE
(13)
† RBR1
(5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Control Definition
CONTROL WORD
CHARACTER FORMAT
CLS 2
CLS 1
PI
EPE
SBS
START BIT
DATA BITS
PARITY BIT
0
0
0
0
0
1
5
ODD
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
5
ODD
1.5
0
0
0
1
0
1
5
EVEN
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
5
EVEN
1.5
0
0
1
X
0
1
5
NONE
1
0
0
1
X
1
1
5
NONE
1.5
0
1
0
0
0
1
6
ODD
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
6
ODD
2
0
1
0
1
0
1
6
EVEN
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
6
EVEN
2
0
1
1
X
0
1
6
NONE
1
0
1
1
x
1
1
6
NONE
2
1
0
0
0
0
1
7
ODD
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
7
ODD
2
1
0
0
1
0
1
7
EVEN
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
7
EVEN
2
1
0
1
X
0
1
7
NONE
1
1
0
1
x
1
1
7
NONE
2
1
1
0
0
0
1
8
ODD
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
8
ODD
2
1
1
0
1
0
1
8
EVEN
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
8
EVEN
2
1
1
1
X
0
1
8
NONE
1
1
1
1
x
1
1
8
NONE
2
5-2
STOP BITS
HD-6402
Pin Description
PIN TYPE SYMBOL
PIN TYPE SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
O
TBRE
A high level on TRANSMITTER BUFFER REGISTER EMPTY indicates the transmitter buffer register
has transferred its data to the transmitter register
and is ready for new data.
23
I
TBRL
A low level on TRANSMITTER BUFFER REGISTER LOAD transfers data from inputs TBR1TBR8 into the transmitter buffer register. A low to
high transition on TBRL initiates data transfer to
the transmitter register. If busy, transfer is automatically delayed so that the two characters are
transmitted end to end.
24
O
TRE
A high level on TRANSMITTER REGISTER EMPTY indicates completed transmission of a character including stop bits.
25
O
TRO
Character data, start data and stop bits appear serially at the TRANSMITTER REGISTER OUTPUT.
26
I
TRB1
A high level on PARITY ERROR indicates received
parity does not match parity programmed by control
bits. When parity is inhibited this output is low.
Character data is loaded into the TRANSMITTER
BUFFER REGISTER via inputs TBR1-TBR8. For
character formats less than 8 bits the TBR8, 7 and
6 inputs are ignored corresponding to their programmed word length.
27
I
TBR2
See Pin 26-TBR1.
28
I
TBR3
See Pin 26-TBR1.
A high level on FRAMING ERROR indicates the
first stop bit was invalid.
29
I
TBR4
See Pin 26-TBR1.
30
I
TBR5
See Pin 26-TBR1.
31
I
TBR6
See Pin 26-TBR1.
32
I
TBR7
See Pin 26-TBR1.
33
I
TBR8
See Pin 26-TBR1.
34
I
CRL
A high level on CONTROL REGISTER LOAD
loads the control register with the control word. The
control word is latched on the falling edge of CRL.
CRL may be tied high.
35
I
PI
A high level on PARITY INHIBIT inhibits parity generation, parity checking and forces PE output low.
36
I
SBS
A high level on STOP BIT SELECT selects 1.5
stop bits for 5 character format and 2 stop bits for
other lengths.
37
I
CLS2
These inputs program the CHARACTER
LENGTH SELECTED (CLS1 low CLS2 low 5 bits)
(CLS1 high CLS2 low 6 bits) (CLS1 low CLS2
high 7 bits) (CLS1 high CLS2 high 8 bits.)
38
I
CLS1
See Pin 37-CLS2.
39
I
EPE
When PI is low, a high level on EVEN PARITY
ENABLE generates and checks even parity. A low
level selects odd parity.
40
I
TRC
The TRANSMITTER REGISTER CLOCK is 16X
the transmit data rate.
1
VCC †
2
NC
3
GND
Ground
Positive Voltage Supply
No Connection
4
I
RRD
A high level on RECEIVER REGISTER DISABLE
forces the receiver holding out-puts RBR1-RBR8
to high impedance state.
5
O
RBR8
The contents of the RECEIVER BUFFER REGISTER appear on these three-state outputs. Word formats less than 8 characters are right justified to
RBR1.
6
O
RBR7
See Pin 5-RBR8
7
O
RBR6
See Pin 5-RBR8
8
O
RBR5
See Pin 5-RBR8
9
O
RBR4
See Pin 5-RBR8
10
O
RBR3
See Pin 5-RBR8
11
O
RBR2
See Pin 5-RBR8
12
O
RBR1
See Pin 5-RBR8
13
O
PE
14
15
O
O
FE
OE
DESCRIPTION
22
A high level on OVERRUN ERROR indicates the
data received flag was not cleared before the last
character was transferred to the receiver buffer
register.
16
I
SFD
A high level on STATUS FLAGS DISABLE forces
the outputs PE, FE, OE, DR, TBRE to a high impedance state.
17
I
RRC
The Receiver register clock is 16X the receiver
data rate.
18
I
DRR
A low level on DATA RECEIVED RESET clears
the data received output DR to a low level.
19
O
DR
A high level on DATA RECEIVED indicates a
character has been received and transferred to
the receiver buffer register.
20
I
RRI
Serial data on RECEIVER REGISTER INPUT is
clocked into the receiver register.
21
I
MR
A high level on MASTER RESET clears PE, FE,
OE and DR to a low level and sets the transmitter
register empty (TRE) to a high level 18 clock cycles
after MR falling edge. MR does not clear the receiver buffer register. This input must be pulsed at least
once after power up. The HD-6402 must be master
reset after power up. The reset pulse should meet
VIH and tMR. Wait 18 clock cycles after the falling
edge of MR before beginning operation.
† A 0.1µF decoupling capacitor from the VCC pin to the GND is recommended.
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
HD-6402
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
5-3
HD-6402
Transmitter Operation
The transmitter section accepts parallel data, formats the data
and transmits the data in serial form on the Transmitter Register Output (TRO) terminal (See serial data format). Data is
loaded from the inputs TBR1-TBR8 into the Transmitter Buffer
Register by applying a logic low on the Transmitter Buffer
Register Load (TBRL) input (A). Valid data must be present at
least tset prior to and thold following the rising edge of TBRL. If
words less than 8 bits are used, only the least significant bits
are transmitted. The character is right justified, so the least
significant bit corresponds to TBR1 (B).
The rising edge of TBRL clears Transmitter Buffer Register
Empty (TBRE). 0 to 1 Clock cycles later, data is transferred
to the transmitter register, the Transmitter Register Empty
(TRE) pin goes to a low state, TBRE is set high and serial
data information is transmitted. The output data is clocked by
Transmitter Register Clock (TRC) at a clock rate 16 times the
data rate. A second low level pulse on TBRL loads data into
the Transmitter Buffer Register (C). Data transfer to the
transmitter register is delayed until transmission of the current data is complete (D). Data is automatically transferred to
the transmitter register and transmission of that character
begins one clock cycle later.
1
TBRL
TBRE
1/2 CLOCK
0 TO 1 CLOCK
TRE
DATA
TRO
A
B
C
END OF LAST STOP BIT
D
FIGURE 1. TRANSMITTER TIMING (NOT TO SCALE)
Receiver Operation
Data is received in serial form at the Receiver Register Input
(RRI). When no data is being received, RRI must remain
high. The data is clocked through the Receiver Register
Clock (RRC). The clock rate is 16 times the data rate. A low
level on Data Received Reset (DRR) clears the Data
Receiver (DR) line (A). During the first stop bit data is transferred from the Receiver Register to the Receiver Buffer
Register (RBR) (B). If the word is less than 8 bits, the
unused most significant bits will be a logic low. The output
character is right justified to the least significant bit RBR1. A
logic high on Overrun Error (OE) indicates overruns. An
overrun occurs when DR has not been cleared before the
present character was transferred to the RBR. One clock
cycle later DR is reset to a logic high, and Framing Error
(FE) is evaluated (C). A logic high on FE indicates an invalid
stop bit was received, a framing error. A logic high on Parity
Error (PE) indicates a parity error.
BEGINNING OF FIRST STOP BIT
RRI
7 1/2 CLOCK CYCLES
RBR1-8, OE, PE
DRR
DR
FE
1 CLOCK CYCLE
A
B
C
FIGURE 2. RECEIVER TIMING (NOT TO SCALE)
START BIT
1, 11/2 OR 2 STOP BITS
5-8 DATA BITS
LSB
MSB
†
PARITY
FIGURE 3. SERIAL DATA FORMAT
5-4
† IF ENABLED
HD-6402
Start Bit Detection
The receiver uses a 16X clock timing. The start bit could have
occurred as much as one clock cycle before it was detected,
as indicated by the shaded portion (A). The center of the start
bit is defined as clock count 7 1/2. If the receiver clock is a
symmetrical square wave, the center of the start bit will be
located within ±1/2 clock cycle, ±1/32 bit or 3.125% giving a
receiver margin of 46.875%. The receiver begins searching
for the next start bit at the center of the first stop bit.
CLOCK
COUNT 71/2 DEFINED
CENTER OF START BIT
START
A
RRI INPUT
71/2 CLOCK CYCLES
81/2 CLOCK CYCLES
FIGURE 4.
Interfacing with the HD-6402
RECEIVER
RB1
TRANSMITTER
TBR1
TBR8
TRO
RS232
DRIVER
RS232
RECEIVER
RRI
DIGITAL
SYSTEM
HD-6402
HD-6402
CONTROL
CONTROL
RB1
RB8
CONTROL
CONTROL
RRI
RS232
RECEIVER
RS232
DRIVER
TRO
TBR1
TBR8
TRANSMITTER
RB8
RECEIVER
FIGURE 5. TYPICAL SERIAL DATA LINK
5-5
DIGITAL
SYSTEM
HD-6402
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Supply Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +8.0V
Input, Output or I/O Voltage Applied. . . . . GND -0.5V to VCC +0.5V
Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -65oC to +150oC
Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +175oC
Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +300oC
ESD Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class 1
Typical Derating Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . 1mA/MHz Increase in ICCOP
Thermal Resistance (Typical)
θJA
θJC
CERDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50oC/W
12oC/W
PDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50oC/W
N/A
Gate Count . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1643 Gates
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation
of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
Operating Conditions
Operating Voltage Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +4.5V to +5.5V
DC Electrical Specifications
Operating Temperature Range
HD-6402R-9, HD6402B-9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40oC to +85oC
VCC = 5.0V ± 10%, TA = -40oC to +85oC (HD-6402R-9, HD-6402B-9)
LIMITS
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
CONDITIONS
VIH
Logical ‘‘1’’ Input Voltage
2.0
-
V
VCC = 5.5V
VIL
Logical ‘‘0’’ Input Voltage
-
0.8
V
VCC = 4.5V
-1.0
1.0
µA
VIN = GND or VCC, VCC = 5.5V
II
Input Leakage Current
VOH
Logical ‘‘1’’ Output Voltage
3.0
VCC -0.4
-
V
IOH = -2.5mA, VCC = 4.5V
IOH = -100µA
VOL
Logical ‘‘0’’ Output Voltage
-
0.4
V
IOL = +2.5mA, VCC = 4.5V
IO
Output Leakage Current
-1.0
1.0
µA
VO = GND or VCC, VCC = 5.5V
ICCSB
Standby Supply Current
-
100
µA
VIN = GND or VCC; VCC = 5.5V,
Output Open
ICCOP
Operating Supply Current (See Note)
-
2.0
mA
VCC = 5.5V, Clock Freq. = 2MHz,
VIN = VCC or GND, Outputs Open
NOTE: Guaranteed, but not 100% tested
Capacitance TA = +25oC
LIMIT
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
TYPICAL
UNITS
CIN
Freq. = 1MHz, all measurements are referenced to device GND
25
pF
25
pF
Input Capacitance
Output Capacitance
COUT
AC Electrical Specifications
VCC = 5.0V ± 10%, TA = -40oC to +85oC (HD-6402R-9, HD6402B-9)
LIMITS HD-6402R
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
LIMITS HD-6402B
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
UNITS
(1) fCLOCK
Clock Frequency
D.C.
2.0
D.C.
8.0
MHz
(2) tPW
Pulse Widths, CRL, DRR, TBRL
150
-
75
-
ns
(3) tMR
Pulse Width MR
150
-
150
-
ns
(4) tSET
Input Data Setup Time
50
-
20
-
ns
(5) tHOLD
Input Data Hold Time
60
-
20
-
ns
(6) tEN
Output Enable Time
-
160
-
35
ns
5-6
CONDITIONS
CL = 50pF
See Switching Waveform
HD-6402
Switching Waveforms
CLS1, CLS2, SBS, PI, EPE
TBR1 - TBR8
VALID DATA
SFD
RRD
VALID DATA
TBRL
STATUS OR
RBR1 - RBR8
CRL
(4)
tSET
tPW
(2)
tHOLD
(5)
(4)
tSET
tHOLD
(5)
tEN
(6)
tPW
(2)
FIGURE 6. DATA INPUT CYCLE
FIGURE 7. CONTROL REGISTER LOAD
CYCLE
FIGURE 8. STATUS FLAG OUTPUT
ENABLE TIME OR DATA OUTPUT ENABLE TIME
A.C. Testing Input, Output Waveform
INPUT
OUTPUT
VIH + 20% VIH
VOH
1.5V
1.5V
VIL - 50% VIL
VOL
FIGURE 9.
NOTE: A.C. Testing: All input signals must switch between VIL - 50% VIL and VIH + 20% VIH. Input rise and fall times are driven at 1ns/V.
Test Circuit
OUT
CL
(SEE NOTE)
FIGURE 10.
NOTE: Includes stray and jig capacitance, CL = 50pF.
All Intersil semiconductor products are manufactured, assembled and tested under ISO9000 quality systems certification.
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate
and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which
may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see web site http://www.intersil.com
5-7
Order this document by MC4741C/D
The MC4741C is a true quad MC1741. Integrated on a single monolithic
chip are four independent, low power operational amplifiers which have been
designed to provide operating characteristics identical to those of the
industry standard MC1741, and can be applied with no change in circuit
performance.
The MC4741C can be used in applications where amplifier matching or
high packing density is important. Other applications include high
impedance buffer amplifiers and active filter amplifiers.
• Each Amplifier is Functionally Equivalent to the MC1741
•
•
•
•
•
DIFFERENTIAL INPUT
OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER
(QUAD MC1741)
SEMICONDUCTOR
TECHNICAL DATA
Class AB Output Stage Eliminates Crossover Distortion
True Differential Inputs
14
Internally Frequency Compensated
1
Short Circuit Protection
P SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 646
Low Power Supply Current (0.6 mA/Amplifier)
14
1
D SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 751A
(SO–14)
PIN CONNECTIONS
Out 1
1
2
Inputs 1
3
14
*
)
1
4
*
)
Out 4
13
Inputs 4
12
Representative Schematic Diagram
VCC
(1/4 of Circuit Shown)
G
Noninverting
Input
VCC
4
5
Inputs 2
6
4.5 k
Out 2
)
*
2
3
)
*
7
VEE
10
Inputs 3
9
8
Out 3
25
39 k
Inverting
Input
11
30 pF 7. 5k
(Top View)
Output
50
ORDERING INFORMATION
Offset
Null
1.0 k
50 k
1.0 k
5.0 k
50 k
50
VEE
Device
Operating
Temperature Range
Package
TA = 0° to +70°C
Plastic DIP
MC4741CD
MC4741CP
SO–14
 Motorola, Inc. 1996
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
Rev 5
1
MC4741C
MAXIMUM RATINGS (TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Symbol
Value
Unit
Power Supply Voltage
VCC
VEE
+18
–18
Vdc
Input Differential Voltage
VID
±36
V
V
Rating
Input Common Mode Voltage
VICM
±18
Output Short Circuit Duration
tSC
Continuous
Operating Ambient Temperature Range
TA
0 to +70
°C
Tstg
–55 to +125
°C
TJ
150
°C
Storage Temperature Range
Junction Temperature
High Impedance Instrumentation Buffer/Filter
+
1/4
MC4741C
–
C1
R4
R1
–
1/4
MC4741C
+
VID
–
1/4
MC4741C
+
2
R5
56
+
1/4
C2
MC4741C
–
R2
R3
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
MC4741C
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +15 V, VEE = –15 V, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Input Offset Voltage (RS ≤ 10 k)
VIO
–
2.0
6.0
mV
Input Offset Current
IIO
–
20
200
nA
Input Bias Current
IIB
–
80
500
nA
Input Resistance
ri
0.3
2.0
–
MΩ
Input Capacitance
Ci
–
1.4
–
pF
Offset Voltage Adjustment Range
VIOR
–
±15
–
mV
Common Mode Input Voltage Range
VICR
±12
±13
–
V
Large Signal Voltage Gain (VO = ±10 V, RL ≥ 2.0 k)
Av
20
200
–
V/mV
Output Resistance
ro
–
75
–
Ω
Common Mode Rejection (RS ≤ 10 k)
CMR
70
90
–
dB
Supply Voltage Rejection Ratio (RS ≤ 10 k)
PSRR
–
30
150
µV/V
±12
±10
±14
±13
–
–
Output Voltage Swing
(RL ≥ 10 k)
(RL ≥ 2 k)
VO
Output Short Circuit Current
ISC
–
20
–
mA
Supply Current – (All Amplifiers)
ID
–
3.5
7.0
mA
Power Consumption (All Amplifiers)
PC
–
105
210
mW
tTLH
os
SR
–
–
–
0.3
15
0.5
–
–
–
µs
%
V/µs
Transient Response (Unity Gain – Non–Inverting)
(VI = 20 mV, RL ≥ 2 kΩ, CL ≤ 100 pF) Rise Time
(VI = 20 mV, RL ≥ 2 kΩ, CL ≤ 100 pF) Overshoot
(VI = 10 V, RL ≥ 2 kΩ, CL ≤ 100 pF) Slew Rate
V
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +15 V, VEE = –15 V, TA = * Thigh to Tlow, unless otherwise noted.)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Input Offset Voltage (RS ≤ 10 kΩ)
VIO
–
–
7.5
mV
Input Offset Current (TA = 0° to + 70°C)
IIO
–
–
300
nA
Input Bias Current (TA = 0° to + 70°C)
IIB
–
–
800
nA
Large Signal Voltage Gain (RL ≥ 2k, VOUT = ±10 V)
AV
15
–
–
V/mV
Output Voltage Swing (RL ≥ 2 k)
VO
±10
±13
–
V
* Thigh = 70°C
Tlow = –0°C
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
3
MC4741C
Figure 1. Power Bandwidth
(Large Signal Swing versus Frequency)
Figure 2. Open Loop Frequency Response
120
24
100
A VOL, VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)
VO, OUTPUT VOLTAGE (Vpp )
28
20
16
12
Voltage Follower
THD < 5%
8.0
4.0
0
10
100
1.0 k
f, FREQUENCY (Hz)
10 k
80
60
40
20
0
–20
1.0
100 k
15
14
13
12
11
10
9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
±15 V Supplies
±12 V
±9.0 V
±6.0 V
100
200
500 700 1.0 k
2.0 k
5.0 k 7.0 k 10 k
–15
–14
–13
–12
–11
–10
–9.0
–8.0
–7.0
–6.0
–5.0
–4.0
–3.0
–2.0
–1.0
RL, LOAD RESISTANCE (Ω)
4
1.0 k
10 k
100 k
f, FREQUENCY (Hz)
1.0 M
10 M
±15 V Supplies
±12 V
±9.0 V
±6.0 V
100
200
500 700 1.0 k
2.0 k
5.0 k 7.0 k 10 k
RL, LOAD RESISTANCE (Ω)
Figure 6. Noninverting Pulse Response
5.0 V/DIV
VO , OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (V pp )
Figure 5. Output Voltage Swing versus
Load Resistance (Single Supply Operation)
28 30 V Supply
26
24
27 V
22
24 V
20
18
21 V
16
18 V
14
12
15 V
10
8.0
12 V
6.0
9.0
V
4.0
2.0
6.0 V
5.0 V
0
0
1.0 2.0
100
Figure 4. Negative Output Voltage Swing
versus Load Resistance
VO, OUTPUT VOLTAGE (Vpp )
VO, OUTPUT VOLTAGE (Vpp )
Figure 3. Positive Output Voltage Swing
versus Load Resistance
10
Output
Input
3.0 4.0
5.0 6.0 7.0
RL, LOAD RESISTANCE (kW)
8.0
9.0
10
10 µs/DIV
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
MC4741C
Figure 7. Bi–Quad Filter
C1
Vin
100 k
C
R2
–
R1 = QR
C
1/4
–
MC4741C
100 k
1/4
1/4
+
MC4741C
Vref
R1
R2
+
Bandpass
Output
Vref
R3
–
R = 160 kΩ
C = 0.001 µF
R1 = 1.6 MΩ
R2 = 1.6 MΩ
R3 = 1.6 MΩ
C1
Notch Output
MC4741C
+
Where: TBP = center frequency gain
TN = passband notch gain
1
Vref =
V
2 CC
Vref
1/4
fo = 1.0 kHz
Q = 10
TBP = 1
TN = 1
R2 = R1
TBP
R3 = TNR2
C1 = 10 C
–
MC4741C
+
For:
1
fo =
2πRC
R
R
Vref
Figure 8. Open Loop Voltage Gain
versus Supply Voltage
Figure 9. Transient Response Test Circuit
105
A V , VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)
100
To Scope
(Input)
95
–
90
To Scope
(Output)
+
RL
85
CL
80
75
70
0
2.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
10
12
14
16
18
20
VCC, |VEE|, SUPPLY VOLTAGES (V)
Figure 10. Absolute Value DVM Front End
MSD6150
0.5 µF
500 k
500 k
–
1/4
1
MC4741C
+
1.0 k
2
MC1505
900 k
+
100 k
VCC
1/4
1.0 k
1.0 M
MSD6102
Common Mode Adjust
MC4741C
– 1/4
–
MC4741C
–
+
MC4741C
1.0 k
47 k
1/4
+
1.0 M
+
Polarity
–
MC4741 Quad Op Amp
500 k
Bridge Null Adjust
VEE
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
5
MC4741C
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
P SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 646–06
ISSUE L
14
NOTES:
1. LEADS WITHIN 0.13 (0.005) RADIUS OF TRUE
POSITION AT SEATING PLANE AT MAXIMUM
MATERIAL CONDITION.
2. DIMENSION L TO CENTER OF LEADS WHEN
FORMED PARALLEL.
3. DIMENSION B DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD
FLASH.
4. ROUNDED CORNERS OPTIONAL.
8
B
1
7
A
F
DIM
A
B
C
D
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
L
C
J
N
H
G
D
SEATING
PLANE
K
M
D SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 751A–03
ISSUE F
(SO–14)
–A–
14
1
P 7 PL
0.25 (0.010)
7
G
M
F
–T–
M
K
D 14 PL
0.25 (0.010)
M
T B
S
M
R X 45 _
C
SEATING
PLANE
B
A
S
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
18.16
19.56
6.10
6.60
3.69
4.69
0.38
0.53
1.02
1.78
2.54 BSC
1.32
2.41
0.20
0.38
2.92
3.43
7.62 BSC
0_
10_
0.39
1.01
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETER.
3. DIMENSIONS A AND B DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD PROTRUSION.
4. MAXIMUM MOLD PROTRUSION 0.15 (0.006)
PER SIDE.
5. DIMENSION D DOES NOT INCLUDE DAMBAR
PROTRUSION. ALLOWABLE DAMBAR
PROTRUSION SHALL BE 0.127 (0.005) TOTAL
IN EXCESS OF THE D DIMENSION AT
MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONDITION.
8
–B–
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.715
0.770
0.240
0.260
0.145
0.185
0.015
0.021
0.040
0.070
0.100 BSC
0.052
0.095
0.008
0.015
0.115
0.135
0.300 BSC
0_
10_
0.015
0.039
J
DIM
A
B
C
D
F
G
J
K
M
P
R
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
8.55
8.75
3.80
4.00
1.35
1.75
0.35
0.49
0.40
1.25
1.27 BSC
0.19
0.25
0.10
0.25
0_
7_
5.80
6.20
0.25
0.50
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.337
0.344
0.150
0.157
0.054
0.068
0.014
0.019
0.016
0.049
0.050 BSC
0.008
0.009
0.004
0.009
0_
7_
0.228
0.244
0.010
0.019
Motorola reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. Motorola makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding
the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does Motorola assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and
specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in Motorola
data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals”
must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. Motorola does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of
others. Motorola products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other
applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the Motorola product could create a situation where personal injury
or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use Motorola products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold Motorola
and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees
arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that
Motorola was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. Motorola and
are registered trademarks of Motorola, Inc. Motorola, Inc. is an Equal
Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.
How to reach us:
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6
◊
*MC4741C/D*
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE
DATA
MC4741C/D
LM35
Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensors
General Description
The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature
sensors, whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the
Celsius (Centigrade) temperature. The LM35 thus has an
advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in
˚ Kelvin, as the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from its output to obtain convenient Centigrade
scaling. The LM35 does not require any external calibration
or trimming to provide typical accuracies of ± 1⁄4˚C at room
temperature and ± 3⁄4˚C over a full −55 to +150˚C temperature range. Low cost is assured by trimming and calibration
at the wafer level. The LM35’s low output impedance, linear
output, and precise inherent calibration make interfacing to
readout or control circuitry especially easy. It can be used
with single power supplies, or with plus and minus supplies.
As it draws only 60 µA from its supply, it has very low
self-heating, less than 0.1˚C in still air. The LM35 is rated to
operate over a −55˚ to +150˚C temperature range, while the
LM35C is rated for a −40˚ to +110˚C range (−10˚ with improved accuracy). The LM35 series is available packaged in
hermetic TO-46 transistor packages, while the LM35C,
LM35CA, and LM35D are also available in the plastic TO-92
transistor package. The LM35D is also available in an 8-lead
surface mount small outline package and a plastic TO-220
package.
Features
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Calibrated directly in ˚ Celsius (Centigrade)
Linear + 10.0 mV/˚C scale factor
0.5˚C accuracy guaranteeable (at +25˚C)
Rated for full −55˚ to +150˚C range
Suitable for remote applications
Low cost due to wafer-level trimming
Operates from 4 to 30 volts
Less than 60 µA current drain
Low self-heating, 0.08˚C in still air
Nonlinearity only ± 1⁄4˚C typical
Low impedance output, 0.1 Ω for 1 mA load
Typical Applications
DS005516-4
DS005516-3
FIGURE 1. Basic Centigrade Temperature Sensor
(+2˚C to +150˚C)
Choose R1 = −VS/50 µA
V OUT =+1,500 mV at +150˚C
= +250 mV at +25˚C
= −550 mV at −55˚C
FIGURE 2. Full-Range Centigrade Temperature Sensor
TRI-STATE ® is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation.
© 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation
DS005516
www.national.com
LM35 Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensors
August 1999
LM35
Connection Diagrams
TO-46
Metal Can Package*
SO-8
Small Outline Molded Package
DS005516-1
DS005516-21
*Case is connected to negative pin (GND)
N.C. = No Connection
Order Number LM35H, LM35AH, LM35CH, LM35CAH or
LM35DH
See NS Package Number H03H
Top View
Order Number LM35DM
See NS Package Number M08A
TO-92
Plastic Package
TO-220
Plastic Package*
DS005516-2
Order Number LM35CZ,
LM35CAZ or LM35DZ
See NS Package Number Z03A
DS005516-24
*Tab is connected to the negative pin (GND).
Note: The LM35DT pinout is different than the discontinued LM35DP.
Order Number LM35DT
See NS Package Number TA03F
www.national.com
2
TO-92 and TO-220 Package,
(Soldering, 10 seconds)
260˚C
SO Package (Note 12)
Vapor Phase (60 seconds)
215˚C
Infrared (15 seconds)
220˚C
ESD Susceptibility (Note 11)
2500V
Specified Operating Temperature Range: TMIN to T MAX
(Note 2)
LM35, LM35A
−55˚C to +150˚C
LM35C, LM35CA
−40˚C to +110˚C
LM35D
0˚C to +100˚C
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
Supply Voltage
Output Voltage
Output Current
Storage Temp.;
TO-46 Package,
TO-92 Package,
SO-8 Package,
TO-220 Package,
Lead Temp.:
TO-46 Package,
(Soldering, 10 seconds)
+35V to −0.2V
+6V to −1.0V
10 mA
−60˚C
−60˚C
−65˚C
−65˚C
to
to
to
to
+180˚C
+150˚C
+150˚C
+150˚C
300˚C
Electrical Characteristics
(Notes 1, 6)
LM35A
Parameter
Conditions
Tested
Typical
T MIN≤TA≤TMAX
± 0.2
± 0.3
± 0.4
± 0.4
± 0.18
T MIN≤TA≤TMAX
+10.0
Accuracy
T A =+25˚C
(Note 7)
T A =−10˚C
T A =TMAX
T A =TMIN
Nonlinearity
LM35CA
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 4)
(Note 5)
± 0.5
± 1.0
± 1.0
± 0.35
Tested
Typical
± 0.2
± 0.3
± 0.4
± 0.4
± 0.15
Design
Units
Limit
Limit
(Max.)
(Note 4)
(Note 5)
± 0.5
˚C
± 1.0
± 1.0
˚C
˚C
± 1.5
± 0.3
˚C
+9.9,
mV/˚C
˚C
(Note 8)
Sensor Gain
(Average Slope)
+9.9,
+10.0
+10.1
Load Regulation
T A =+25˚C
(Note 3) 0≤IL≤1 mA
T MIN≤TA≤TMAX
Line Regulation
T A =+25˚C
(Note 3)
4V≤V S≤30V
± 0.4
± 0.5
± 0.01
± 0.02
Quiescent Current
V S =+5V, +25˚C
56
(Note 9)
V S =+5V
105
V S =+30V, +25˚C
56.2
V S =+30V
105.5
+10.1
± 1.0
± 0.1
± 0.4
± 0.5
± 0.01
± 0.02
131
91
± 3.0
± 0.05
67
56
68
56.2
133
91.5
± 1.0
mV/mA
± 3.0
± 0.05
mV/mA
mV/V
± 0.1
67
mV/V
µA
114
µA
116
µA
68
µA
Change of
4V≤VS≤30V, +25˚C
0.2
Quiescent Current
4V≤V S≤30V
0.5
2.0
0.5
2.0
µA
+0.39
+0.5
+0.39
+0.5
µA/˚C
+1.5
+2.0
+1.5
+2.0
˚C
1.0
0.2
1.0
µA
(Note 3)
Temperature
Coefficient of
Quiescent Current
Minimum Temperature
In circuit of
for Rated Accuracy
Figure 1, IL =0
Long Term Stability
T J =TMAX, for
± 0.08
± 0.08
˚C
1000 hours
3
www.national.com
LM35
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 10)
LM35
Electrical Characteristics
(Notes 1, 6)
LM35
Parameter
Conditions
Design
Limit
Limit
(Note 4)
(Note 5)
Typical
Accuracy,
T A =+25˚C
LM35, LM35C
T A =−10˚C
(Note 7)
T A =TMAX
± 0.4
± 0.5
± 0.8
± 0.8
T A =TMIN
Accuracy, LM35D
(Note 7)
LM35C, LM35D
Tested
± 1.0
± 1.5
± 1.5
T A =+25˚C
TA =TMAX
TA =TMIN
Nonlinearity
T MIN≤TA≤TMAX
± 0.3
T MIN≤TA≤TMAX
+10.0
± 0.5
Typical
± 0.4
± 0.5
± 0.8
± 0.8
± 0.6
± 0.9
± 0.9
± 0.2
Tested
Design
Units
Limit
Limit
(Max.)
(Note 4)
(Note 5)
± 1.0
˚C
± 1.5
± 1.5
± 2.0
± 1.5
˚C
˚C
˚C
˚C
± 2.0
± 2.0
± 0.5
˚C
+9.8,
mV/˚C
˚C
˚C
(Note 8)
Sensor Gain
(Average Slope)
+9.8,
+10.0
+10.2
± 0.4
± 0.5
± 0.01
± 0.02
± 2.0
V S =+5V, +25˚C
56
80
V S =+5V
105
V S =+30V, +25˚C
56.2
V S =+30V
105.5
Load Regulation
T A =+25˚C
(Note 3) 0≤IL≤1 mA
T MIN≤TA≤TMAX
Line Regulation
T A =+25˚C
(Note 3)
4V≤V S≤30V
Quiescent Current
(Note 9)
+10.2
± 5.0
± 0.1
± 0.2
158
82
± 0.4
± 0.5
± 0.01
± 0.02
± 2.0
56
80
161
± 0.1
mV/V
µA
138
82
91.5
mV/mA
mV/V
± 0.2
91
56.2
mV/mA
± 5.0
µA
µA
141
µA
Change of
4V≤VS≤30V, +25˚C
0.2
Quiescent Current
4V≤V S≤30V
0.5
3.0
0.5
3.0
µA
+0.39
+0.7
+0.39
+0.7
µA/˚C
+1.5
+2.0
+1.5
+2.0
˚C
2.0
0.2
2.0
µA
(Note 3)
Temperature
Coefficient of
Quiescent Current
Minimum Temperature
In circuit of
for Rated Accuracy
Figure 1, IL =0
Long Term Stability
T J =TMAX, for
± 0.08
± 0.08
˚C
1000 hours
Note 1: Unless otherwise noted, these specifications apply: −55˚C≤TJ≤+150˚C for the LM35 and LM35A; −40˚≤TJ≤+110˚C for the LM35C and LM35CA; and
0˚≤TJ≤+100˚C for the LM35D. VS =+5Vdc and ILOAD =50 µA, in the circuit of Figure 2. These specifications also apply from +2˚C to TMAX in the circuit of Figure 1.
Specifications in boldface apply over the full rated temperature range.
Note 2: Thermal resistance of the TO-46 package is 400˚C/W, junction to ambient, and 24˚C/W junction to case. Thermal resistance of the TO-92 package is
180˚C/W junction to ambient. Thermal resistance of the small outline molded package is 220˚C/W junction to ambient. Thermal resistance of the TO-220 package
is 90˚C/W junction to ambient. For additional thermal resistance information see table in the Applications section.
Note 3: Regulation is measured at constant junction temperature, using pulse testing with a low duty cycle. Changes in output due to heating effects can be computed by multiplying the internal dissipation by the thermal resistance.
Note 4: Tested Limits are guaranteed and 100% tested in production.
Note 5: Design Limits are guaranteed (but not 100% production tested) over the indicated temperature and supply voltage ranges. These limits are not used to calculate outgoing quality levels.
Note 6: Specifications in boldface apply over the full rated temperature range.
Note 7: Accuracy is defined as the error between the output voltage and 10mv/˚C times the device’s case temperature, at specified conditions of voltage, current,
and temperature (expressed in ˚C).
Note 8: Nonlinearity is defined as the deviation of the output-voltage-versus-temperature curve from the best-fit straight line, over the device’s rated temperature
range.
Note 9: Quiescent current is defined in the circuit of Figure 1.
Note 10: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. DC and AC electrical specifications do not apply when operating
the device beyond its rated operating conditions. See Note 1.
Note 11: Human body model, 100 pF discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor.
Note 12: See AN-450 “Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability” or the section titled “Surface Mount” found in a current National Semiconductor Linear Data Book for other methods of soldering surface mount devices.
www.national.com
4
LM35
Typical Performance Characteristics
Thermal Resistance
Junction to Air
Thermal Response
in Still Air
Thermal Time Constant
DS005516-26
DS005516-25
Thermal Response in
Stirred Oil Bath
DS005516-27
Minimum Supply
Voltage vs. Temperature
Quiescent Current
vs. Temperature
(In Circuit of Figure 1.)
DS005516-29
DS005516-28
DS005516-30
Quiescent Current
vs. Temperature
(In Circuit of Figure 2.)
Accuracy vs. Temperature
(Guaranteed)
Accuracy vs. Temperature
(Guaranteed)
DS005516-32
DS005516-33
DS005516-31
5
www.national.com
LM35
Typical Performance Characteristics
(Continued)
Noise Voltage
Start-Up Response
DS005516-34
DS005516-35
The TO-46 metal package can also be soldered to a metal
surface or pipe without damage. Of course, in that case the
V− terminal of the circuit will be grounded to that metal. Alternatively, the LM35 can be mounted inside a sealed-end
metal tube, and can then be dipped into a bath or screwed
into a threaded hole in a tank. As with any IC, the LM35 and
accompanying wiring and circuits must be kept insulated and
dry, to avoid leakage and corrosion. This is especially true if
the circuit may operate at cold temperatures where condensation can occur. Printed-circuit coatings and varnishes such
as Humiseal and epoxy paints or dips are often used to insure that moisture cannot corrode the LM35 or its connections.
These devices are sometimes soldered to a small
light-weight heat fin, to decrease the thermal time constant
and speed up the response in slowly-moving air. On the
other hand, a small thermal mass may be added to the sensor, to give the steadiest reading despite small deviations in
the air temperature.
Applications
The LM35 can be applied easily in the same way as other
integrated-circuit temperature sensors. It can be glued or cemented to a surface and its temperature will be within about
0.01˚C of the surface temperature.
This presumes that the ambient air temperature is almost the
same as the surface temperature; if the air temperature were
much higher or lower than the surface temperature, the actual temperature of the LM35 die would be at an intermediate
temperature between the surface temperature and the air
temperature. This is expecially true for the TO-92 plastic
package, where the copper leads are the principal thermal
path to carry heat into the device, so its temperature might
be closer to the air temperature than to the surface temperature.
To minimize this problem, be sure that the wiring to the
LM35, as it leaves the device, is held at the same temperature as the surface of interest. The easiest way to do this is
to cover up these wires with a bead of epoxy which will insure that the leads and wires are all at the same temperature
as the surface, and that the LM35 die’s temperature will not
be affected by the air temperature.
Temperature Rise of LM35 Due To Self-heating (Thermal Resistance,θJA)
TO-46,
TO-46*,
TO-92,
TO-92**,
SO-8
SO-8**
TO-220
no heat
sink
small heat fin
no heat
sink
small heat fin
no heat
sink
small heat fin
no heat
sink
Still air
400˚C/W
100˚C/W
180˚C/W
140˚C/W
220˚C/W
110˚C/W
90˚C/W
Moving air
100˚C/W
40˚C/W
90˚C/W
70˚C/W
105˚C/W
90˚C/W
26˚C/W
Still oil
100˚C/W
40˚C/W
90˚C/W
70˚C/W
Stirred oil
50˚C/W
30˚C/W
45˚C/W
40˚C/W
(Clamped to metal,
Infinite heat sink)
(24˚C/W)
(55˚C/W)
*Wakefield type 201, or 1" disc of 0.020" sheet brass, soldered to case, or similar.
**TO-92 and SO-8 packages glued and leads soldered to 1" square of 1/16" printed circuit board with 2 oz. foil or similar.
www.national.com
6
LM35
Typical Applications
DS005516-19
FIGURE 3. LM35 with Decoupling from Capacitive Load
DS005516-6
FIGURE 6. Two-Wire Remote Temperature Sensor
(Output Referred to Ground)
DS005516-20
FIGURE 4. LM35 with R-C Damper
CAPACITIVE LOADS
Like most micropower circuits, the LM35 has a limited ability
to drive heavy capacitive loads. The LM35 by itself is able to
drive 50 pf without special precautions. If heavier loads are
anticipated, it is easy to isolate or decouple the load with a
resistor; see Figure 3. Or you can improve the tolerance of
capacitance with a series R-C damper from output to
ground; see Figure 4.
When the LM35 is applied with a 200Ω load resistor as
shown in Figure 5, Figure 6 or Figure 8 it is relatively immune
to wiring capacitance because the capacitance forms a bypass from ground to input, not on the output. However, as
with any linear circuit connected to wires in a hostile environment, its performance can be affected adversely by intense
electromagnetic sources such as relays, radio transmitters,
motors with arcing brushes, SCR transients, etc, as its wiring
can act as a receiving antenna and its internal junctions can
act as rectifiers. For best results in such cases, a bypass capacitor from VIN to ground and a series R-C damper such as
75Ω in series with 0.2 or 1 µF from output to ground are often
useful. These are shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, and
Figure 16.
DS005516-7
FIGURE 7. Temperature Sensor, Single Supply, −55˚ to
+150˚C
DS005516-8
FIGURE 8. Two-Wire Remote Temperature Sensor
(Output Referred to Ground)
DS005516-5
FIGURE 5. Two-Wire Remote Temperature Sensor
(Grounded Sensor)
DS005516-9
FIGURE 9. 4-To-20 mA Current Source (0˚C to +100˚C)
7
www.national.com
LM35
Typical Applications
(Continued)
DS005516-11
FIGURE 11. Centigrade Thermometer (Analog Meter)
DS005516-10
FIGURE 10. Fahrenheit Thermometer
DS005516-12
FIGURE 12. Fahrenheit ThermometerExpanded Scale
Thermometer
(50˚ to 80˚ Fahrenheit, for Example Shown)
DS005516-13
FIGURE 13. Temperature To Digital Converter (Serial Output) (+128˚C Full Scale)
DS005516-14
FIGURE 14. Temperature To Digital Converter (Parallel TRI-STATE™ Outputs for
Standard Data Bus to µP Interface) (128˚C Full Scale)
www.national.com
8
LM35
Typical Applications
(Continued)
DS005516-16
* =1% or 2% film resistor
Trim RB for VB =3.075V
Trim RC for VC =1.955V
Trim RA for VA =0.075V + 100mV/˚C x Tambient
Example, VA =2.275V at 22˚C
FIGURE 15. Bar-Graph Temperature Display (Dot Mode)
DS005516-15
FIGURE 16. LM35 With Voltage-To-Frequency Converter And Isolated Output
(2˚C to +150˚C; 20 Hz to 1500 Hz)
9
www.national.com
LM35
Block Diagram
DS005516-23
www.national.com
10
LM35
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted
TO-46 Metal Can Package (H)
Order Number LM35H, LM35AH, LM35CH,
LM35CAH, or LM35DH
NS Package Number H03H
SO-8 Molded Small Outline Package (M)
Order Number LM35DM
NS Package Number M08A
11
www.national.com
LM35
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Power Package TO-220 (T)
Order Number LM35DT
NS Package Number TA03F
TO-92 Plastic Package (Z)
Order Number LM35CZ, LM35CAZ or LM35DZ
NS Package Number Z03A
www.national.com
12
LM35 Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensors
Notes
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT
DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL
COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or
systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant
into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and
whose failure to perform when properly used in
accordance with instructions for use provided in the
labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a
significant injury to the user.
National Semiconductor
Corporation
Americas
Tel: 1-800-272-9959
Fax: 1-800-737-7018
Email: support@nsc.com
www.national.com
National Semiconductor
Europe
Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86
Email: europe.support@nsc.com
Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208
English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171
Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790
2. A critical component is any component of a life
support device or system whose failure to perform
can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of
the life support device or system, or to affect its
safety or effectiveness.
National Semiconductor
Asia Pacific Customer
Response Group
Tel: 65-2544466
Fax: 65-2504466
Email: ap.support@nsc.com
National Semiconductor
Japan Ltd.
Tel: 81-3-5639-7560
Fax: 81-3-5639-7507
National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.
H
Low Cost, Miniature Fiber
Optic Components with ST®,
SMA, SC and FC Ports
Technical Data
HFBR-0400 Series
Features
Applications
• Meets IEEE 802.3 Ethernet
and 802.5 Token Ring
Standards
• Low Cost Transmitters and
Receivers
• Choice of ST®, SMA, SC or
FC Ports
• 820 nm Wavelength
Technology
• Signal Rates up to 175
Megabaud
• Link Distances Up to 4 km
• Specified with 50/125 µm,
62.5/125 µm, 100/140 µm,
and 200 µm HCS® Fiber
• Repeatable ST Connections
within 0.2 dB Typical
• Unique Optical Port Design
for Efficient Coupling
• Auto-Insertable and Wave
Solderable
• No Board Mounting Hardware Required
• Wide Operating
Temperature Range
-40°C to 85°C
• AlGaAs Emitters 100%
Burn-In Ensures High
Reliability
• Conductive Port Option with
the SMA and ST Threaded
Port Styles
• Local Area Networks
• Computer to Peripheral
Links
• Computer Monitor Links
• Digital Cross Connect Links
• Central Office Switch/PBX
Links
• Video Links
• Modems and Multiplexers
• Suitable for Tempest
Systems
• Industrial Control Links
Description
The HFBR-0400 Series of components is designed to provide cost
effective, high performance fiber
optic communication links for
information systems and
industrial applications with link
distances of up to 4 kilometers.
With the HFBR-24X6, the 125
MHz analog receiver, data rates
of up to 175 megabaud are
attainable.
ST® is a registered trademark of AT&T.
HCS ® is a registered trademark of the SpecTran Corporation.
Transmitters and receivers are
directly compatible with popular
“industry-standard” connectors:
ST, SMA, SC and FC. They are
completely specified with
multiple fiber sizes; including
50/125 µm, 62.5/125 µm, 100/
140 µm, and 200 µm.
Complete evaluation kits are
available for ST and SMA product
offerings; including transmitter,
receiver, connectored cable, and
technical literature. In addition,
ST and SMA connectored cables
are available for evaluation.
2
HFBR-0400 Series Part Number Guide
HFBR X4XXaa
1 = Transmitter
2 = Receiver
Option T (Threaded Port Option)
Option C (Conductive Port Receiver Option)
Option M (Metal Port Option)
Option K (Kinked Lead Option)
TA = Square pinout/straight lead
TB = Square pinout/bent leads
HA = Diamond pinout/straight leads
HB = Diamond pinout/bent leads
4 = 820 nm Transmitter and
Receiver Products
0 = SMA, Housed
1 = ST, Housed
2 = FC, Housed
E = SC, Housed
3 = SMA Port, 90 deg. Bent Leads
4 = ST Port, 90 deg. Bent Leads
5 = SMA Port, Straight Leads
6 = ST Port, Straight Leads
2
4
2
6
=
=
=
=
Tx, Standard Power
Tx, High Power
Rx, 5 MBd, TTL Output
Rx, 125 MHz, Analog Output
LINK SELECTION GUIDE
Data Rate (MBd)
5
5
20
Distance (m)
1500
2000
2700
Transmitter
HFBR-14X2
HFBR-14X4
HFBR-14X4
Receiver
HFBR-24X2
HFBR-24X2
HFBR-24X6
32
55
125
155
175
2200
1400
700
600
500
HFBR-14X4
HFBR-14X4
HFBR-14X4
HFBR-14X4
HFBR-14X4
HFBR-24X6
HFBR-24X6
HFBR-24X6
HFBR-24X6
HFBR-24X6
Fiber Size (µm) Evaluation Kit
200 HCS
N/A
62.5/125
HFBR-04X0
62.5/125
HFBR-0414,
HFBR-0463
62.5/125
HFBR-0414
62.5/125
HFBR-0414
62.5/125
HFBR-0416
62.5/125
HFBR-0416
62.5/125
HFBR-0416
For additional information on specific links see the following individual link descriptions. Distances measured over temperature range
from 0 to 70°C.
Applications Support
Guide
This section gives the designer
information necessary to use the
HFBR-0400 series components to
make a functional fiber-optic
transceiver. HP offers a wide
selection of evaluation kits for
hands-on experience with fiberoptic products as well as a wide
range of application notes complete with circuit diagrams and
board layouts. Furthermore, HP’s
application support group is
always ready to assist with any
design consideration.
Application Literature
Title
HFBR-0400 Series
Reliability Data
Application Bulletin 73
Application Bulletin 78
Application Note 1038
Application Note 1065
Application Note 1073
Application Note 1086
Description
Transmitter & Receiver Reliability Data
Low Cost Fiber Optic Transmitter & Receiver Interface Circuits
Low Cost Fiber Optic Links for Digital Applications up to 155 MBd
Complete Fiber Solutions for IEEE 802.3 FOIRL, 10Base-FB and 10 Base-FL
Complete Solutions for IEEE 802.5J Fiber-Optic Token Ring
HFBR-0319 Test Fixture for 1X9 Fiber Optic Transceivers
Optical Fiber Interconnections in Telecommunication Products
Contact your local HP components sales office to obtain these publications or download directly from the
World Wide Web @ http: //www.hp.com/go/fiber/
3
HFBR-0400 Series
Evaluation Kits
HFBR-0410 ST Evaluation Kit
Contains the following :
• One HFBR-1412 transmitter
• One HFBR-2412 five megabaud
TTL receiver
• Three meters of ST connectored 62.5/125 (µm fiber optic
cable with low cost plastic
ferrules.
• Related literature
HFBR-0414 ST Evaluation Kit
Includes additional components
to interface to the transmitter and
receiver as well as the PCB to
reduce design time.
Contains the following:
• One HFBR-1414T transmitter
• One HFBR-2416T receiver
• Three meters of ST connectored 62.5/125 µm fiber optic
cable
• Printed circuit board
• ML-4622 CP Data Quantizer
• 74ACTllOOON LED Driver
• LT1016CN8 Comparator
• 4.7 µH Inductor
• Related literature
HFBR-0400 SMA Evaluation
Kit
Contains the following :
• One HFBR-1402 transmitter
• One HFBR-2402 five megabaud
TTL receiver
• Two meters of SMA
connectored 1000 µm plastic
optical fiber
• Related literature
HFBR-0416 Evaluation Kit
Contains the following:
• One fully assembled 1x9
transceiver board for 155 MBd
evaluation including:
-HFBR-1414 transmitter
-HFBR-2416 receiver
-circuitry
• Related literature
HFBR-0463 Ethernet MAU
Evaluation Kit
Contains the following:
• One fully assembled Media
Attachment Unit (MAU) board
which includes:
-HFBR-1414 transmitter
-HFBR-2416 receiver
-HFBR-4663 IC
• Related literature
Note: Cable not included. Order
HFBR-BXS010 seperately (2
pieces)
Package and Handling
Information
Package Information
All HFBR-0400 Series
transmitters and receivers are
housed in a low-cost, dual-inline
package that is made of high
strength, heat resistant, chemically resistant, and UL 94V-O
flame retardant ULTEM® (plastic
(UL File #E121562). The
transmitters are easily identified
by the light grey color connector
port. The receivers are easily
identified by the dark grey color
connector port. (Black color for
conductive port.) The package is
designed for auto-insertion and
wave soldering so it is ideal for
Ultem ® is a registered Trademark of the GE corporation.
high volume production
applications.
Handling and Design
Information
Each part comes with a protective
port cap or plug covering the
optics. These caps/plugs will vary
by port style. When soldering, it
is advisable to leave the protective cap on the unit to keep the
optics clean. Good system
performance requires clean port
optics and cable ferrules to avoid
obstructing the optical path.
Clean compressed air often is
sufficient to remove particles of
dirt; methanol on a cotton swab
also works well.
Recommended Chemicals for
Cleaning/Degreasing
HFBR-0400 Products
Alcohols: methyl, isopropyl,
isobutyl. Aliphatics: hexane,
heptane, Other: soap solution,
naphtha.
Do not use partially halogenated
hydrocarbons such as 1,1.1
trichloroethane, ketones such as
MEK, acetone, chloroform, ethyl
acetate, methylene dichloride,
phenol, methylene chloride, or
N-methylpyrolldone. Also, HP
does not recommend the use of
cleaners that use halogenated
hydrocarbons because of their
potential environmental harm.
4
Mechanical Dimensions
HFBR-0400 SMA Series
12.7
(0.50)
HFBR-X40X
Rx/Tx
COUNTRY OF
ORIGIN
hp YYWW
HFBR-X40X
1/4 - 36 UNS 2A THREAD
22.2
(0.87)
6.35
(0.25)
12.7
(0.50)
6.4
DIA
(0.25)
3.81
(0.15)
3.6
(0.14)
1.27
(0.05)
5
6
4
2.54
(0.10)
8
2
7
3
PINS 2,3,6,7
0.46
DIA.
(0.018)
1
2.54
(0.10)
PINS 1,4,5,8
0.51 X 0.38
(0.020 X 0.015)
PIN NO. 1
INDICATOR
PART MARKING
YY WW
HFBR-X43X
13.0
(0.51)
2.5 DIA PIN
(0.10) CIRCLE
4.8
TYP
(0.19)
7.1
DIA
(0.28)
2.3
TYP
(0.09)
8.6
DIA
(0.34)
1
4
2
3
3.6 MIN
(0.14)
7.1
(0.28)
0.46 DIA
(0.018) TYP
NOTE 2
2.5
TYP
(0.10)
1/4 - 36 UNS 2A
THREAD
2.5
TYP
(0.10)
2.0
(0.08)
3.0 TYP
(0.12)
4.1
(0.16)
PART MARKING
YY WW
HFBR-X45X
13.0
(0.51)
2.5 DIA PIN
(0.10) CIRCLE
13.2
(052)
7.1
DIA
(0.28)
1/4 - 36 UNS 2A
THREAD
8.6
DIA
(0.34)
1
4
2
3
7.1
(0.28)
9.1
(0.36)
NOTE 2
5.1
(0.20)
.46
DIA
(0.018)
NOTE: ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETRES AND (INCHES).
2.0
(0.08)
4.1
(0.16)
10.2
(0.40)
Mechanical Dimensions
HFBR-0400 ST Series
12.7
(0.50)
HFBR-X41X
Rx/Tx
COUNTRY OF
ORIGIN
hp YYWW
HFBR-X41X
5
27.2
(1.07)
8.2
(0.32)
6.35
(0.25)
12.7
(0.50)
7.0
DIA
(0.28)
3.81
(0.15)
5.1
(0.20)
1.27
(0.05)
4
5
3
6
2.54
(0.10)
2.54
(0.10)
1
PINS 2,3,6,7
0.46
DIA
(0.018)
8
2
7
PINS 1,4,5,8
0.51 X 0.38
(0.020 X 0.015)
3.6
(0.14)
PIN NO. 1
INDICATOR
HFBR-X44X
18.6
(0.73)
4.9
TYP
(0.19)
2.5 DIA PIN
(0.10) CIRCLE
8.2
(0.32)
7.1
DIA
(0.28)
2.4
TYP
(0.09)
1
4
2
3
X-YWW
8.6
DIA
(0.34)
7.1
(0.28)
7.0
(0.28) DIA
PART MARKING
3.6
MIN
(0.14)
0.46 (0.018)
PIN DIA
NOTE 2
2.0
(0.08)
3.0 TYP
(0.12)
2.5
TYP
(0.10)
2.5
TYP
(0.10)
HFBR-X46X
18.6
(0.73)
2.5 (0.10)
DIA PIN
CIRCLE
13.2
(0.52)
1
4
2
3
X-YWW
8.6
DIA
(0.34)
7.1
(0.28)
9.1
(0.36)
8.2
(0.32)
7.1
DIA
(0.28)
7.0
(0.28) DIA
PART MARKING
NOTE 2
0.46
PIN DIA
(0.018)
2.O
(0.08)
NOTE: ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETRES AND (INCHES).
10.2
(0.40)
6
Mechanical Dimensions
HFBR-0400T Threaded
ST Series
12.7
(0.50)
Rx/Tx
COUNTRY OF
ORIGIN
hp YYWW
HFBR-X41XT
5.1
(0.20)
HFBR-X41XT
6.35
(0.25)
8.4
(0.33)
27.2
(1.07)
7.6
(0.30)
12.7
(0.50)
7.1
(0.28) DIA
3.6
(0.14)
5.1
(0.20)
3/8 - 32 UNEF - 2A
3.81
(0.15)
1.27
(0.05)
2
7
8
2.54
(0.10)
6
5
4
PINS 2,3,6,7
0.46
DIA
(0.018)
3
PINS 1,4,5,8
0.51 X 0.38
(0.020 X 0.015)
1
2.54
DIA.
(0.10)
PIN NO. 1
INDICATOR
5.1
(0.20)
HFBR-X44XT
18.5
(0.73)
PART MARKING
4.9
TYP
(0.19)
8.6
DIA
(0.34)
1
4
2
3
3.6
(0.14) MIN
2.4
TYP
(0.09)
8.4
(0.33)
7.6
(0.30)
ACROSS THREAD
FLATS
YY WW
2.5 DIA PIN
(0.10) CIRCLE
7.1
DIA
(0.28)
7.1
(0.28)
2.0
(0.08)
0.46 (0.018)
PIN DIA
3/8 - 32 UNEF - 2A
THREAD
3.0
TYP
(0.12)
NOTE 2
4.1
(0.16)
2.5 TYP
(0.10)
2.5
TYP
(0.10)
5.1
(0.20)
HFBR-X46XT
18.5
(0.73)
8.4
(0.33)
2.5 DIA PIN
(0.10) CIRCLE
PART MARKING
13.2
(0.52)
7.6
(0.30)
ACROSS THREAD
FLATS
1
4
2
3
YY WW
8.6
(0.34) DIA
7.1
(0.28)
9.1
(0.36)
NOTE 2
0.46
PIN DIA
(0.018)
3/8 - 32 UNEF - 2A
THREAD
2.0
(0.08)
4.1
(0.16)
10.2
(0.40)
7
Mechanical Dimensions
HFBR-0400FC Series
12.7
(0.50)
Rx/Tx
COUNTRY OF
ORIGIN
hp YYWW
HFBR-X42X
M8 x 0.75 6G
THREAD (METRIC)
19.6
(0.77)
12.7
(0.50)
7.9
(0.31)
5.1
(0.20)
3.81
(0.15)
3.6
(0.14)
2.5
(0.10)
5
7
8
6
2
1
3
4
2.5
(0.10)
PIN NO. 1
INDICATOR
HFBR-X4EX
Rx/Tx
COUNTRY OF
ORIGIN
hp YYWW
HFBR-X4EX
Mechanical Dimensions
HFBR-0400 SC Series
28.65
(1.128)
10.0
(0.394)
15.95
(0.628)
12.7
(0.500)
10.2
(0.40)
8
LED OR DETECTOR IC
LENS–SPHERE
(ON TRANSMITTERS ONLY)
HOUSING
LENS–WINDOW
CONNECTOR PORT
HEADER
EPOXY BACKFILL
PORT GROUNDING PATH INSERT
Figure 1. HFBR-0400 ST Series Cross-Sectional View.
Panel Mount Hardware
HFBR-4401: for SMA Ports
HFBR-4411: for ST Ports
PART NUMBER
3/8 – 32 UNEF2B THREAD
7,87
(0.310)
12.70
DIA
(0.50)
1.65
(0.065)
HEX-NUT
DATE CODE
0.2 IN.
Rx/Tx
COUNTRY OF
ORIGIN
hp YYWW
HFBR-X40X
1/4 – 36 UNEF –
2B THREAD
1.65
(0.065)
HEX-NUT
3/8 - 32 UNEF - 2A THREADING
7.87 TYP
(0.310) DIA
6.61
DIA
(0.260)
WASHER
1 THREAD AVAILABLE
14.27 TYP
(0.563) DIA
0.14
(0.005)
10.41 MAX
(0.410) DIA
WASHER
WALL
NUT
0.46
(0.018)
WASHER
(Each HFBR-4401 and HFBR-4411 kit consists of 100 nuts and 100 washers.)
Port Cap Hardware
HFBR-4402:
HFBR-4120:
HFBR-4412:
HFBR-4417:
500
500
500
500
SMA Port Caps
ST Port Plugs (120 psi)
FC Port Caps
SC Port Plugs
9
Options
In addition to the various port
styles available for the HFBR0400 series products, there are
also several extra options that
can be ordered. To order an
option, simply place the corresponding option number at the
end of the part number. For
instance, a metal-port option SMA
receiver would be HFBR-2406M.
You can add any number of
options in series at the end of a
part number. Please contact your
local sales office for further
information or browse HP’s fiber
optics home page at http://
www.hp.com/go/fiber/
Option T (Threaded Port
Option)
• Allows ST style port components to be panel mounted.
• Compatible with all current
makes of ST multimode
connectors
• Mechanical dimensions are
compliant with MIL-STD83522/13
• Maximum wall thickness when
using nuts and washers from
the HFBR-4411 hardware kit is
2.8 mm (0.11 inch)
• Available on all ST ports
Option C (Conductive Port
Receiver Option)
• Designed to withstand electrostatic discharge (ESD) of 25kV
to the port
• Significantly reduces effect of
electromagnetic interference
(EMI) on receiver sensitivity
• Allows designer to separate the
signal and conductive port
grounds
• Recommended for use in noisy
environments
• Available on SMA and threaded
ST port style receivers only
Option M (Metal Port Option)
• Nickel plated aluminum connector receptacle
• Designed to withstand electrostatic discharge (ESD) of 15kV
to the port
• Significantly reduces effect of
electromagnetic interference
(EMI) on receiver sensitivity
• Allows designer to separate the
signal and metal port grounds
• Recommended for use in very
noisy environments
• Available on SMA, FC, ST, and
threaded ST ports
Option K (Kinked Lead
Option)
• Grounded outside 4 leads are
“kinked”
• Allows components to stay
anchored in the PCB during
wave solder and aqueous wash
processes
Options TA, TB, HA, HB
(Active Device Mount
Options)
(These options are unrelated to
the threaded port option T.)
• All metal, panel mountable
package with a 3 or 4 pin
receptacle end
• Available for HFBR-14X4, 24X2
and 24X6 components
• Choose from diamond or
square pinout, straight or bent
leads ADM Picture
• TA = Square pinout/straight
leads
TB = Square pinout/bent leads
HA = Diamond pinout/straight
leads
HB = Diamond pinout/bent
leads
Duplex Option
In addition to the standard
options, some HFBR-0400 series
products come in a duplex configuration with the transmitter on
the left and the receiver on the
right. This option was designed
for ergonomic and efficient
manufacturing. The following
part numbers are available in the
duplex option:
HFBR-5414 (Duplex ST)
HFBR-5414T (Duplex Threaded
ST)
HFBR-54E4 (Duplex SC)
4 5
3 6
2 7
1 8
4 5
3 6
2 7
1 8
10
Typical Link Data
HFBR-0400 Series
Description
The following technical data is
taken from 4 popular links using
the HFBR-0400 series: the 5 MBd
link, Ethernet 20 MBd link,
Token Ring 32 MBd link, and the
155 MBd link. The data given
corresponds to transceiver solutions combining the HFBR-0400
series components and various
recommended transceiver design
circuits using off-the-shelf
electrical components. This data
is meant to be regarded as an
example of typical link performance for a given design and does
not call out any link limitations.
Please refer to the appropriate
application note given for each
link to obtain more information.
5 MBd Link (HFBR-14XX/24X2)
Link Performance -40°C to +85°C unless otherwise specified
Parameter
Optical Power Budget
with 50/125 µm fiber
Optical Power Budget
with 62.5/125 µm fiber
Optical Power Budget
with 100/140 µm fiber
Optical Power Budget
with 200 µm fiber
Date Rate Synchronous
Asynchronous
Symbol
OPB 50
Min.
4.2
Typ.
9.6
OPB62.5
8.0
15
dB
OPB100
8.0
15
dB
OPB200
12
20
dB
Propagation Delay
LOW to HIGH
Propagation Delay
HIGH to LOW
System Pulse Width
Distortion
Bit Error Rate
tPLH
72
ns
tPHL
46
ns
tPLH -tPHL
26
ns
dc
dc
BER
Max.
5
2.5
10 -9
Units
dB
Conditions
HFBR-14X4/24X2
NA = 0.2
HFBR-14X4/24X2
NA = 0.27
HFBR-14X2/24X2
NA = 0.30
HFBR-14X2/24X2
NA = 0.37
MBd
MBd
TA = 25°C,
PR = -21 dBm Peak
Reference
Note 1
Note 1
Note 1
Note 1
Note 2
Note 3,
Fig. 7
Figs. 6, 7, 8
Fiber cable
length = 1 m
Data Rate <5 Bd
PR > -24 dBm Peak
Notes:
1. OPB at TA = -40 to 85°C, VCC = 5.0 V dc, I F ON = 60 mA. PR = -24 dBm peak.
2. Synchronous data rate limit is based on these assumptions: a) 50% duty factor modulation, e.g., Manchester I or BiPhase
Manchester II; b) continuous data; c) PLL Phase Lock Loop demodulation; d) TTL threshold.
3. Asynchronous data rate limit is based on these assumptions: a) NRZ data; b) arbitrary timing-no duty factor restriction; c) TTL
threshold.
11
5 MBd Logic Link Design
If resistor R1 in Figure 2 is
70.4 Ω, a forward current IF of
48 mA is applied to the HFBR14X4 LED transmitter. With IF =
48 mA the HFBR-14X4/24X2
logic link is guaranteed to work
with 62.5/125 µm fiber optic
cable over the entire range of 0
to 1750 meters at a data rate of
dc to 5 MBd, with arbitrary data
format and pulse width distortion
typically less than 25%. By
setting R 1 = 115 Ω, the transmitter can be driven with IF = 30 mA,
if it is desired to economize on
power or achieve lower pulse
distortion.
Figure 2. Typical Circuit Configuration.
The following example will illustrate the technique for selecting
the appropriate value of IF and R1.
Maximum distance required
= 400 meters. From Figure 3 the
drive current should be 15 mA.
From the transmitter data
VF = 1.5 V (max.) at IF = 15 mA
as shown in Figure 9.
VCC - VF
5 V - 1.5 V
R 1 = –––––––
= –––––––––
IF
15 mA
R 1 = 233 Ω
The curves in Figures 3, 4, and 5
are constructed assuming no inline splice or any additional
system loss. Should the link
consists of any in-line splices,
these curves can still be used to
calculate link limits provided they
are shifted by the additional
system loss expressed in dB. For
example, Figure 3 indicates that
with 48 mA of transmitter drive
current, a 1.75 km link distance
is achievable with 62.5/125 µm
fiber which has a maximum
attenuation of 4 dB/km. With
2 dB of additional system loss, a
1.25 km link distance is still
achievable.
Figure 3. HFBR-1414/HFBR-2412
Link Design Limits with 62.5/125 µm
Cable.
Figure 4. HFBR-14X2/HFBR-24X2
Link Design Limits with 100/140 µm
Cable.
70
65
55
tPLH (TYP) @ 25°C
60
55
50
45
40
tPHL (TYP) @ 25°C
35
30
50
tD – NRZ DISTORTION – ns
tPHL OR tPHL PROPOGATION DELAY –ns
75
45
40
35
30
25
25
20
-22 -21 -20 -19 -18 -17 -16 -15 -14 -13 -12
P R – RECEIVER POWER – dBm
Figure 6. Propagation Delay through
System with One Meter of Cable.
20
-22 -21 -20 -19 -18 -17 -16 -15 -14 -13 -12
P R – RECEIVER POWER – dBm
Figure 7. Typical Distortion of Pseudo
Random Data at 5 Mb/s.
Figure 8. System Propagation Delay Test Circuit and Waveform Timing Definitions.
0
60
-1
WORST CASE
-40°C, +85°C
UNDERDRIVE
-2
50
TYPICAL 26°C
UNDERDRIVE
-3
40
30
-4
CABLE ATTENUATION dB/km
α MAX (-40°C, +85°C)
4
α MIN (-40°C, +85°C)
1
α TYP (-40°C, +85°C)
2.8
-5
-6
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2
LINK LENGTH (km)
Figure 5. HFBR-14X4/HFBR-24X2
Link Design Limits with 50/125 µm
Cable.
20
IF TRANSMITTER FORWARD CURRENT (mA)
10 LOG (t/to) NORMALIZED TRANSMITTER CURRENT (dB)
12
13
Ethernet 20 MBd Link (HFBR-14X4/24X6)
(refer to Application Note 1038 for details)
Typical Link Performance
Parameter
Receiver Sensitivity
Symbol
Link Jitter
Transmitter Jitter
Optical Power
LED rise time
LED fall time
Mean difference
Bit Error Rate
Output Eye Opening
Data Format 50% Duty Factor
PT
tr
tf
| t r - t f|
BER
Typ.[1,2]
-34.4
7.56
7.03
0.763
-15.2
1.30
3.08
1.77
10 -10
36.7
20
Units
dBm
average
ns pk-pk
ns pk-pk
ns pk-pk
dBm
average
ns
ns
ns
ns
MBd
Conditions
20 MBd D2D2 Hexadecimal Data
2 km 62.5/125 µm fiber
ECL Out Receiver
TTL Out Receiver
20 MBd D2D2 Hexadecimal Data
20 MBd D2D2 Hexadecimal Data
Peak IF,ON = 60 mA
1 MHz Square Wave Input
At AUI Receiver Output
Notes:
1. Typical data at T A = 25°C, VCC = 5.0 V dc.
2. Typical performance of circuits shown in Figure 1 and Figure 3 of AN-1038 (see applications support section).
Token Ring 32 MBd Link (HFBR-14X4/24X6)
(refer to Application Note 1065 for details)
Typical Link Performance
Parameter
Receiver Sensitivity
Symbol
Link Jitter
Transmitter Jitter
Optical Power Logic Level “0”
Optical Power Logic Level “1”
LED Rise Time
LED Fall Time
Mean Difference
Bit Error Rate
Data Format 50% Duty Factor
PT ON
P T OFF
tr
tf
| t r - t f|
BER
Typ.[1,2]
-34.1
6.91
5.52
0.823
-12.2
-82.2
1.3
3.08
1.77
10 -10
32
Units
dBm
average
ns pk-pk
ns pk-pk
ns pk-pk
dBm peak
nsec
nsec
nsec
Conditions
32 MBd D2D2 Hexadecimal Data
2 km 62.5/125 µm fiber
ECL Out Receiver
TTL Out Receiver
32 MBd D2D2 Hexadecimal Data
Transmitter TTL in IF ON = 60 mA,
IF OFF = 1 mA
1 MHz Square Wave Input
MBd
Notes:
1. Typical data at T A = 25°C, VCC = 5.0 V dc.
2. Typical performance of circuits shown in Figure 1 and Figure 3 of AN-1065 (see applications support section)
14
155 MBd Link (HFBR-14X4/24X6)
(refer to Application Bulletin 78 for details)
Typical Link Performance
Parameter
Symbol
Typ. [1,2]
Optical Power Budget
OPB 50
7.9
with 50/125 µm fiber
Optical Power Budget
OPB 62
11.7
with 62.5/125 µm fiber
Optical Power Budget
OPB 100
11.7
with 100/140 µm fiber
Optical Power Budget
OPB 200
16.0
with 200 µm HCSfFiber
Data Format 20% to
1
80% Duty Factor
System Pulse Width
|t PL H - t PHL |
Distortion
Bit Error Rate
BER
Units Max. Units Conditions
13.9
dB NA = 0.2
17.7
dB
NA = 0.27
17.7
dB
NA = 0.30
22.0
dB
NA = 0.35
175
1
10 -9
Ref.
Note 2
MBd
ns
PR = -7 dBm Peak
1 meter 62.5/125 µm fiber
Data Rate < 100 MBaud
PR >-31 dBm Peak
Note 2
Notes:
1. Typical data at TA = 25°C, VCC = 5.0 V dc, PECL serial interface.
2. Typical OPB was determined at a probability of error (BER) of 10-9. Lower probabilities of error can be achieved with short fibers
that have less optical loss.
15
HFBR-14X2/14X4 LowCost High-Speed
Transmitters
Description
The HFBR-14XX fiber optic
transmitter contains an 820 nm
AlGaAs emitter capable of
efficiently launching optical
power into four different optical
fiber sizes: 50/125 µm, 62.5/125
µm, 100/140 µm, and 200 µm
HCS®. This allows the designer
flexibility in choosing the fiber
size. The HFBR-14XX is designed
to operate with the HewlettPackard HFBR-24XX fiber optic
receivers.
The HFBR-14XX transmitter’s
high coupling efficiency allows
the emitter to be driven at low
current levels resulting in low
power consumption and increased
reliability of the transmitter. The
HFBR-14X4 high power transmitter is optimized for small size
fiber and typically can launch
-15.8 dBm optical power at
60 mA into 50/125 µm fiber and
-12 dBm into 62.5/125 µm fiber.
The HFBR-14X2 standard
transmitter typically can launch
-12 dBm of optical power at
60 mA into 100/140 µm fiber
cable. It is ideal for large size
fiber such as 100/140 µm. The
high launched optical power level
is useful for systems where star
couplers, taps, or inline connectors create large fixed losses.
Housed Product
Consistent coupling efficiency is
assured by the double-lens optical
system (Figure 1). Power coupled
into any of the three fiber types
varies less than 5 dB from part to
part at a given drive current and
temperature. Consistent coupling
efficiency reduces receiver
dynamic range requirements
which allows for longer link
lengths.
Unhoused Product
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Storage Temperature
Operating Temperature
Lead Soldering Cycle
Forward Input Current
Reverse Input Voltage
Symbol
TS
TA
Temp.
Time
Peak
dc
IFPK
IFdc
VBR
Min.
-55
- 40
Max.
+85
+85
+260
10
200
100
1.8
Units
°C
°C
°C
sec
mA
mA
V
Reference
Note 1
16
Electrical/Optical Specifications -40°C to +85°C unless otherwise specified.
Parameter
Forward Voltage
Symbol
VF
Forward Voltage
Temperature Coefficient
∆VF /∆T
Reverse Input Voltage
Peak Emission Wavelength
Diode Capacitance
Optical Power Temperature
Coefficient
VBR
λP
CT
∆PT /∆T
Thermal Resistance
14X2 Numerical Aperture
14X4 Numerical Aperture
14X2 Optical Port Diameter
14X4 Optical Port Diameter
θJA
NA
NA
D
D
Min.
1.48
1.8
792
Typ. [2] Max. Units
1.70
2.09
V
1.84
- 0.22
mV/°C
- 0.18
3.8
V
820
865
nm
55
pF
- 0.006
dB/°C
- 0.010
260
°C/W
0.49
0.31
290
µm
150
µm
IF
IF
IF
IF
IF
Conditions
= 60 mA dc
= 100 mA dc
= 60 mA dc
= 100 mA dc
= 100 µA dc
Reference
Figure 9
Figure 9
V = 0, f = 1 MHz
I = 60 mA dc
I = 100 mA dc
Notes 3, 8
Note 4
Note 4
HFBR-14X2 Output Power Measured Out of 1 Meter of Cable
Parameter
50/125 µm
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.2
Symbol
P T50
62.5/125 µm
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.275
P T62
100/140 µm
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.3
P T100
200 µm HCS
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.37
P T200
Min.
-21.8
-22.8
-20.3
-21.9
-19.0
-20.0
-17.5
-19.1
-15.0
16.0
-13.5
-15.1
-10.7
-11.7
- 9.2
-10.8
Typ.[2]
-18.8
-16.8
-16.0
-14.0
-12.0
-10.0
-7.1
- 5.2
Max.
-16.8
-15.8
-14.4
-13.8
-14.0
-13.0
-11.6
-11.0
-10.0
-9.0
-7.6
-7.0
- 4.7
-3.7
-2.3
-1.7
Unit
dBm
peak
dBm
peak
dBm
peak
dBm
peak
Conditions
TA = 25°C IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
Reference
Notes 5, 6, 9
CAUTION: The small junction sizes inherent to the design of these components increase the components’
susceptibility to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It is advised that normal static precautions be
taken in handling and assembly of these components to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be
induced by ESD.
17
HFBR-14X4 Output Power Measured Out of 1 Meter of Cable
Parameter
50/125 µm
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.2
Symbol
PT50
62.5/125 µm
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.275
PT62
100/140 µm
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.3
PT100
200 µm HCS
Fiber Cable
NA = 0.37
PT200
Min.
-18.8
-19.8
-17.3
-18.9
-15.0
-16.0
-13.5
-15.1
-9.5
-10.5
-8.0
-9.6
-5.2
-6.2
-3.7
-5.3
Typ.[2]
-15.8
-13.8
-12.0
-10.0
-6.5
-4.5
-3.7
-1.7
Max.
-13.8
-12.8
-11.4
-10.8
-10.0
-9.0
-7.6
-7.0
-4.5
-3.5
-2.1
-1.5
+0.8
+1.8
+3.2
+3.8
Unit
dBm
peak
dBm
peak
dBm
peak
dBm
peak
Conditions
TA = 25°C IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 60 mA dc
TA = 25°C
IF = 100 mA dc
Reference
Notes 5, 6, 9
14X2/14X4 Dynamic Characteristics
Parameter
Rise Time, Fall Time
(10% to 90%)
Rise Time, Fall Time
(10% to 90%)
Pulse Width Distortion
Symbol
tr, tf
Min.
Typ. [2]
4.0
Max.
6.5
tr, tf
3.0
Units
nsec
No Pre-bias
nsec
PWD
0.5
nsec
Conditions
IF = 60 mA
Figure 12
IF = 10 to
100 mA
Reference
Note 7,
Note 7,
Figure 11
Figure 11
Notes:
1. For I FPK > 100 mA, the time duration should not exceed 2 ns.
2. Typical data at TA = 25°C.
3. Thermal resistance is measured with the transmitter coupled to a connector assembly and mounted on a printed circuit board.
4. D is measured at the plane of the fiber face and defines a diameter where the optical power density is within 10 dB of the
maximum.
5. PT is measured with a large area detector at the end of 1 meter of mode stripped cable, with an ST® precision ceramic ferrule (MILSTD-83522/13) for HFBR-1412/1414, and with an SMA 905 precision ceramic ferrule for HFBR-1402/1404.
6. When changing µW to dBm, the optical power is referenced to 1 mW (1000 µW). Optical Power P (dBm) = 10 log P (µW)/1000 µW.
7. Pre-bias is recommended if signal rate >10 MBd, see recommended drive circuit in Figure 11.
8. Pins 2, 6 and 7 are welded to the anode header connection to minimize the thermal resistance from junction to ambient. To further
reduce the thermal resistance, the anode trace should be made as large as is consistent with good RF circuit design.
9. Fiber NA is measured at the end of 2 meters of mode stripped fiber, using the far-field pattern. NA is defined as the sine of the half
angle,determined at 5% of the peak intensity point. When using other manufacturer’s fiber cable, results will vary due to differing
NA values and specification methods.
All HFBR-14XX LED transmitters are classified as IEC 825-1 Accessible Emission Limit (AEL)
Class 1 based upon the current proposed draft scheduled to go in to effect on January 1, 1997.
AEL Class 1 LED devices are considered eye safe. See Hewlett-Packard Application Note
XXXXX for more information.
CAUTION: The small junction sizes inherent to the design of these components increase the components’
susceptibility to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It is advised that normal static precautions be
taken in handling and assembly of these components to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be
induced by ESD.
18
Recommended Drive
Circuits
The circuit used to supply current
to the LED transmitter can
significantly influence the optical
switching characteristics of the
LED. The optical rise/fall times
and propagation delays can be
improved by using the appropriate circuit techniques. The
LED drive circuit shown in
Figure 11 uses frequency compensation to reduce the typical
rise/fall times of the LED and a
small pre-bias voltage to minimize
propagation delay differences
that cause pulse-width distortion.
The circuit will typically produce
rise/fall times of 3 ns, and a total
jitter including pulse-width distortion of less than 1 ns. This
circuit is recommended for applications requiring low edge jitter
(VCC - VF) + 3.97 (VCC - VF - 1.6 V)
Ry = –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
IF ON (A)
( )
or high-speed data transmission
at signal rates of up to 155 MBd.
Component values for this circuit
can be calculated for different
LED drive currents using the
equations shown below. For
additional details about LED
drive circuits, the reader is
encouraged to read HewlettPackard Application Bulletin 78
and Application Note 1038.
(5 - 1.84) + 3.97 (5 - 1.84 - 1.6)
Ry = –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
0.100
1
Ry
RX1 = – ––––
2 3.97
3.16 + 6.19
Ry = ––––––––––– = 93.5 Ω
0.100
REQ2 (Ω) = RX1 - 1
1
RX1 = –
2
RX2 = RX3 = RX4 = 3(REQ2)
REQ2 = 11.8 - 1 = 10.8 Ω
2000(ps)
C(pF) = ––––––––
RX1(Ω)
RX2 = RX3 = RX4 = 3(10.8) = 32.4 Ω
Example for IF ON = 100 mA: VF can be
obtained from Figure 9 (= 1.84 V).
2000 ps
C = ––––––– = 169 pF
11.8 Ω
93.5
)= 11.8 Ω
(––––
3.97
2.0
3.0
1.8
1.6
2.0
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.0
0.8
1.0
0
0.8
-1.0
0.6
-2.0
-3.0
-4.0
-5.0
-7.0
0.4
0.2
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
IF – FORWARD CURRENT – mA
Figure 9. Forward Voltage and
Current Characteristics.
Figure 10. Normalized Transmitter
Output vs. Forward Current.
Figure 11. Recommended Drive Circuit.
Figure 12. Test Circuit for Measuring tr, t f.
P(IF) – P(60 mA) – RELATIVE POWER RATIO – dB
P(IF) – P(60 mA) – RELATIVE POWER RATIO
19
20
HFBR-24X2 Low-Cost
5MBd Receiver
Description
The HFBR-24X2 fiber optic
receiver is designed to operate
with the Hewlett-Packard HFBR14XX fiber optic transmitter and
50/125 µm, 62.5/125 µm, 100/
140 µm, and 200 µm HCS® fiber
optic cable. Consistent coupling
into the receiver is assured by the
lensed optical system (Figure 1).
Response does not vary with fiber
size ≤0.100 µm.
The HFBR-24X2 receiver incorporates an integrated photo IC
containing a photodetector and
dc amplifier driving an opencollector Schottky output
transistor. The HFBR-24X2 is
designed for direct interfacing to
popular logic families. The
absence of an internal pull-up
resistor allows the open-collector
output to be used with logic
families such as CMOS requiring
voltage excursions much higher
than VCC.
Housed Product
Both the open-collector “Data”
output Pin 6 and VCC Pin 2 are
referenced to “Com” Pin 3, 7. The
“Data” output allows busing,
strobing and wired “OR” circuit
configurations. The transmitter is
designed to operate from a single
+5 V supply. It is essential that a
bypass capacitor (0.1 µF
ceramic) be connected from
Pin 2 (VCC) to Pin 3 (circuit
common) of the receiver.
Unhoused Product
PIN
1
2
3
4
FUNCTION
VCC (5 V)
COMMON
DATA
COMMON
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Storage Temperature
Operating Temperature
Lead Soldering Cycle
Symbol
TS
TA
Min.
-55
- 40
Temp.
Time
Supply Voltage
Output Current
Output Voltage
Output Collector Power Dissipation
Fan Out (TTL)
VCC
IO
VO
PO AV
N
- 0.5
- 0.5
Max.
+85
+85
+260
10
7.0
25
18.0
40
5
Units
°C
°C
°C
sec
V
mA
V
mW
Reference
Note 1
Note 2
21
Electrical/Optical Characteristics -40°C to + 85°C unless otherwise specified
Fiber sizes with core diameter ≤100 µm and NA ≤0.35, 4.75 V ≤VCC ≤5.25 V
Typ. [3]
5
Max.
250
Units
µA
VOL
0.4
0.5
V
High Level Supply Current
ICCH
3.5
6.3
mA
Low Level Supply Current
ICCL
6.2
10
mA
Equivalent N.A.
Optical Port Diameter
NA
D
0.50
400
Parameter
High Level Output Current
Symbol
IOH
Low Level Output Voltage
Min.
Conditions
VO = 18
PR < -40 dBm
IO = 8 mA
PR > -24 dBm
VCC = 5.25 V
PR < -40 dBm
VCC = 5.25 V
PR > -24 dBm
µm
Reference
Note 4
Dynamic Characteristics
-40°C to +85°C unless otherwise specified; 4.75 V ≤VCC ≤5.25 V; BER ≤10-9
Parameter
Peak Optical Input Power
Logic Level HIGH
Peak Optical Input Power
Logic Level LOW
Propagation Delay LOW
to HIGH
Propagation Delay HIGH
to LOW
Symbol
PRH
Min.
PRL
-25.4
2.9
-24.0
4.0
Typ.[3]
Max.
- 40
0.1
-9.2
120
-10.0
100
tPLHR
65
Units
dBm pk
µW pk
dBm pk
µW pk
dBm pk
µW pk
ns
tPHLR
49
ns
Conditions
λP = 820 nm
Reference
Note 5
TA = +25°C,
IOL = 8 mA
Note 5
IOL = 8 mA
TA = 25°C,
PR = -21 dBm,
Data Rate =
5 MBd
Note 6
Notes:
1. 2.0 mm from where leads enter case.
2. 8 mA load (5 x 1.6 mA), R L = 560 Ω.
3. Typical data at TA = 25°C, VCC = 5.0 Vdc.
4. D is the effective diameter of the detector image on the plane of the fiber face. The numerical value is the product of the actual
detector diameter and the lens magnification.
5. Measured at the end of 100/140 µm fiber optic cable with large area detector.
6. Propagation delay through the system is the result of several sequentially-occurring phenomena. Consequently it is a combination
of data-rate-limiting effects and of transmission-time effects. Because of this, the data-rate limit of the system must be described in
terms of time differentials between delays imposed on falling and rising edges.
7. As the cable length is increased, the propagation delays increase at 5 ns per meter of length. Data rate, as limited by pulse width
distortion, is not affected by increasing cable length if the optical power level at the receiver is maintained.
CAUTION: The small junction sizes inherent to the design of these components increase the components’
susceptibility to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It is advised that normal static precautions be
taken in handling and assembly of these components to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be
induced by ESD.
22
HFBR-24X6 Low-Cost
125 MHz Receiver
Description
The HFBR-24X6 fiber optic
receiver is designed to operate
with the Hewlett-Packard HFBR14XX fiber optic transmitters and
50/125 µm, 62.5/125 µm, 100/
140 µm and 200 µm HCS® fiber
optic cable. Consistent coupling
into the receiver is assured by the
lensed optical system (Figure 1).
Response does not vary with fiber
size for core diameters of 100 µm
or less.
The receiver output is an analog
signal which allows follow-on
circuitry to be optimized for a
variety of distance/data rate
requirements. Low-cost external
components can be used to convert
the analog output to logic
compatible signal levels for various
data formats and data rates up to
175 MBd. This distance/data rate
tradeoff results in increased optical
power budget at lower data rates
which can be used for additional
distance or splices.
The HFBR-24X6 receiver contains
a PIN photodiode and low noise
transimpedance pre-amplifier
integrated circuit. The HFBR-24X6
receives an optical signal and
converts it to an analog voltage.
The output is a buffered emitterfollower. Because the signal
amplitude from the HFBR-24X6
receiver is much larger than from a
simple PIN photodiode, it is less
susceptible to EMI, especially at
high signaling rates. For very noisy
environments, the conductive or
metal port option is recommended.
A receiver dynamic range of 23 dB
over temperature is achievable
(assuming 10-9 BER).
The frequency response is typically
dc to 125 MHz. Although the
HFBR-24X6 is an analog receiver,
it is compatible with digital
systems. Please refer to
Application Bulletin 78 for simple
and inexpensive circuits that
operate at 155 MBd or higher.
The recommended ac coupled
receiver circuit is shown in Figure
12. It is essential that a 10 ohm
resistor be connected between pin
6 and the power supply, and a 0.1
µF ceramic bypass capacitor be
connected between the power
supply and ground. In addition, pin
6 should be filtered to protect the
receiver from noisy host systems.
Refer to AN 1038, 1065, or AB 78
for details.
Housed Product
6
VCC
2
ANALOG
SIGNAL
3, 7
VEE
4 5
3 6
2 7
1 8
BOTTOM VIEW
PIN NO. 1
INDICATOR
PINFUNCTION
1† N.C.
2
SIGNAL
3*
VEE
4† N.C.
5† N.C.
6
VCC
7*
VEE
8† N.C.
* PINS 3 AND 7 ARE ELECTRICALLY
CONNECTED TO THE HEADER.
† PINS 1, 4, 5, AND 8 ARE ISOLATED FROM
THE INTERNAL CIRCUITRY, BUT ARE
ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER.
Unhoused Product
PIN
1
2*
3
4*
FUNCTION
SIGNAL
VEE
VCC
VEE
6
BIAS & FILTER
CIRCUITS
VCC
POSITIVE
SUPPLY
300 pF
2
VOUT
ANALOG
SIGNAL
5.0
mA
3, 7
VEE
NEGATIVE
SUPPLY
Figure 11. Simplified Schematic Diagram.
CAUTION: The small junction sizes inherent to the design of these components increase the components’
susceptibility to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It is advised that normal static precautions be
taken in handling and assembly of these components to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be
induced by ESD.
23
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Storage Temperature
Operating Temperature
Lead Soldering Cycle
Symbol
TS
TA
Min.
-55
- 40
Max.
+85
+85
+260
10
6.0
25
VCC
Temp.
Time
Supply Voltage
Output Current
Signal Pin Voltage
VCC
IO
VSIG
- 0.5
- 0.5
Units
°C
°C
°C
s
V
mA
V
Reference
Note 1
Electrical/Optical Characteristics -40°C to +85°C; 4.75 V ≤Supply Voltage ≤5.25 V,
R LOAD = 511 Ω, Fiber sizes with core diameter ≤100 µm, and N.A. ≤-0.35 unless otherwise specified
Parameter
Responsivity
Symbol
RP
Min.
5.3
Typ. [2]
7
Max.
9.6
Units
mV/µW
0.40
11.5
0.59
mV/µW
mV
0.70
mV
- 43.0
- 41.4
dBm
0.050
0.065
4.5
RMS Output Noise
Voltage
VNO
Equivalent Input
Optical Noise Power
(RMS)
Optical Input Power
(Overdrive)
PN
Output Impedance
Zo
dc Output Voltage
Power Supply Current
Equivalent N.A.
Equivalent Diameter
PR
Vo dc
IEE
NA
D
-7.6
175
- 8.2
150
30
- 4.2
- 3.1
9
0.35
324
-2.4
15
Conditions
Reference
TA= 25°C
Note 3, 4
@ 820 nm, 50 MHz
Figure 16
@ 820 nm, 50 MHz
Bandwidth Filtered
Note 5
@ 75 MHz
PR = 0 µW
Unfiltered Bandwidth Figure 13
PR = 0 µW
Bandwidth Filtered
@ 75 MHz
µW
dBm pk TA = 25°C
µW pk
dBm pk
µW pk
Ω
Test Frequency =
50 MHz
V
PR = 0 µW
mA
R LOAD = 510 Ω
µm
Figure 14
Note 6
Note 7
CAUTION: The small junction sizes inherent to the design of these components increase the components’
susceptibility to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It is advised that normal static precautions be
taken in handling and assembly of these components to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be
induced by ESD.
24
Dynamic Characteristics -40°C to +85°C; 4.75 V ≤Supply Voltage ≤5.25 V; RLOAD = 511 Ω, CLOAD
= 5 pF unless otherwise specified
Parameter
Rise/Fall Time
10% to 90%
Pulse Width Distortion
Symbol
tr, tf
Min. Typ. [2]
3.3
PWD
Units
ns
Conditions
PR = 100 µW peak
Reference
Figure 15
2.5
ns
PR = 150 µW peak
2
%
125
0.41
MHz
Hz • s
PR = 5 µW peak,
tr = 1.5 ns
-3 dB Electrical
Note 8,
Figure 14
Note 9
0.4
Overshoot
Bandwidth (Electrical)
Bandwidth - Rise
Time Product
Max.
6.3
BW
Note 10
Notes:
1. 2.0 mm from where leads enter case.
2. Typical specifications are for operation at TA = 25°C and VCC = +5 V dc.
3. For 200 µm HCS fibers, typical responsivity will be 6 mV/µW. Other parameters will change as well.
4. Pin #2 should be ac coupled to a load ≥510 ohm. Load capacitance must be less than 5 pF.
5. Measured with a 3 pole Bessel filter with a 75 MHz, -3 dB bandwidth. Recommended receiver filters for various bandwidths are
provided in Application Bulletin 78.
6. Overdrive is defined at PWD = 2.5 ns.
7. D is the effective diameter of the detector image on the plane of the fiber face. The numerical value is the product of the actual
detector diameter and the lens magnification.
8. Measured with a 10 ns pulse width, 50% duty cycle, at the 50% amplitude point of the waveform.
9. Percent overshoot is defined as:
VPK - V100%
––––––––––
x 100%
V100%
10. The conversion factor for the rise time to bandwidth is 0.41 since the HFBR-24X6 has a second order bandwidth limiting
characteristic.
(
)
0.1 µF
+5 V
10 Ω
6
30 pF
2
3&7
POST
AMP
LOGIC
OUTPUT
RLOADS
500 Ω MIN.
Figure 12. Recommended ac Coupled Receiver Circuit. (See AB 78 and AN 1038 for more information.)
CAUTION: The small junction sizes inherent to the design of these components increase the components’
susceptibility to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It is advised that normal static precautions be
taken in handling and assembly of these components to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be
induced by ESD.
25
3.0
125
100
75
50
25
0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
FREQUENCY – MHZ
Figure 13. Typical Spectral Noise
Distortion vs. Peak Input Power.
1.25
NORMALIZED RESPONSE
6.0
tr, tf – RESPONSE TIME – ns
SPECTRAL NOISE DENSITY – nV/
HZ
PWD – PULSE WIDTH DISTORTION – ns
150
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.25
0
400
480
560
640
720
800
880 960 1040
λ – WAVELENGTH – nm
Figure 16. Receiver Spectral
Response Normalized to 820 nm.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
PR – INPUT OPTICAL POWER – µW
Figure 14. Typical Pulse Width
Density vs. Frequency.
80
5.0
4.0
tf
3.0
tr
2.0
1.0
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
TEMPERATURE – °C
Figure 15. Typical Rise and Fall
Times vs. Temperature.
80
100
H
For technical assistance or the location of
your nearest Hewlett-Packard sales office,
distributor or representative call:
Americas/Canada: 1-800-235-0312 or
408-654-8675
Far East/Australasia: (65) 290-6305
Japan: (81 3) 3331-6111
Europe: Call your local HP sales office
listed in your telephone directory. Ask for
a Components representative.
Data subject to change.
Copyright © 1996 Hewlett-Packard Co.
Obsoletes 5962-6181E, 5962-6111E,
5962-8095E, 5091-9103E
Printed in U.S.A.
5965-1655E (9/96)
DISPOSITION
LISTE
DE LA PLAQUE
DES PIÈCES
Item Nb
1
4
Valeur
CONN ISA
Attribue
72 pins
2
BORNIER 10
-
1
BUS ISA
ID
CON1,
CON2,
CON3,
CON4
CON5
DISPOSITION
DE LA PLAQUE DE COMMUNICATION
UART
LISTE
DES PIÈCES
Item
1
2
3
Nb
1
1
3
Valeur
15nF
0.1uF
15uF
Attribue
POLAR0.6
POLAR0.6
POLAR0.6
4
5
2
6
33pF
LED2
RAD0.2
Rouge
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
1
1
1
1
1
8
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
CONN
CONN
10k
51
10M
dipswitch
dipswitch
10k
330
74LS04
HD6402
7474
74393
74LS123
4.9152MHZ
Socket 40
Socket 16
Socket 14
IDC20
SIP2
AXIAL0.4
AXIAL0.4
AXIAL0.4
(8)
(8)
SIP10
SIP10
DIP14
(none)
DIP14
HC33/51
-
ID
C4
C5
C6,C9
,C10
C7,C8
D1,D2
,D3,
D4,D5
,D6
J4
J5
R2
R3
R4
DSw1
DSw2
Sip5
Sip6
U2
U3
U4
U5
U6
XTAL2
-
DISPOSITION
DE LA PLAQUE MICROCONTRÔLEUR
LISTE
DES PIÈCES
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Nb
1
2
1
2
1
1
4
Valeur
25pF
15uF
LED1
CONN
CONN
330
10k
Attribue
POLAR25
POLAR 25 v
Rouge
JMP4
JMP2
SIP10
8
9
10
1
1
1
aucun
flash
11
1
switch
MC68705R3
Cristal
3.5795MHZ
Socket
40 pins
ID
C1
C2,C3
D1
J1,J2
J3
R1
sip1,sip2
,
sip3,sip4
Sw1
U1
XTAL1
Sock1
CAHIER TECHNIQUE
SCHÉMA
DE LA
PLAQUE BUS ISA
PROFESSEUR : ERIC VANDAL
SCHÉMA DE LA PLAQUE BUS ISA
PAGE 1 SUR 2
CAHIER TECHNIQUE
SCHÉMA
PLAQUE
DE LA
DE COMMUNICATION
UART
1
R2
10k
Vcc
2Q
7
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
D3
2 1
2 1
2 1
2 1
D4
D2
D1
1B23/PA2
J5
P. Test Horloge
12
GND
1
6
2RC
D5
8
2
2C
D6
1
2
2Q 5
9 2A
Sip6
330
+C
1 21
1RC
11 2CLR
10 2B
1
1A4/INT
DR 19
PE 13
FE 14
OE 15
TRE 24
TBRE 22
U6
1 1A 74ls123 1Q 13
2 1B
1Q 4
R3
51
Vcc1
+V 5V
1 D18
0.1uF
5
16
15
14
1C
3 1CLR
1D17
GND
1
1
C4
15nF
+
1 2
TRO 25
RRI 20
2 1
2
2
5V
V1 +V
EPE 39
CLS1 38
CLS2 37
SBS 36
PI 35
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 3
B24/PA1
1
23 TBRL
18 DRR
34 CRL
21 MR
16 SFD
4 RRD
40 TRC
17 RRC
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
B22/PA3
1
12 RBR1
VCC
11 RBR2
10 RBR3
9 RBR4
U3
8 RBR5
7 RBR6
6 RBR7
5 RBR8
33 TBR8
32 TBR7
31 TBR6
30 TBR5 6402
29 TBR4
28 TBR3
27 TBR2
26 TBR1
DSw2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1 2 1
+
1
12 1
D8/PB7
DSw1
C10
15uF
1
1
1
1
D7/PB6
1
1
D6/PB5
1
D5/PB4
1
D4/PB3
1
1
1
1
1
D2/PB1
1
D1/PB0
D3/PB2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Sip5 10k
Vcc2
+V 5V
1
U2A
B2/RESET 1
1
2
1
B25/PA0
Vcc5
5V +V Vcc3
1
R4
10M
2
U2E
11
U2D
10
9
S
2D
8
3 CP
10
U4A
Q5
_
Q 6
11 CP
13
R
1
Q9
_
Q 8
Vcc
2 1CLR
1QA 3
1 1A
1QB 4
1QC 5
1QD 6
2QA 11
12 2CLR
2QB 10
13 2A
2QC 9
2QD 8
Ext
+
C9
15uF
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
J4
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
GND
1
Vcc4
+V 5V
CLK
74393
7
C7
33pF
U4B
1
1 12
1 12
R
C8
33pF
S
12 D
U5
1 21
2
4
1
C6
15uF
14
XTAL2
4.9152MHZ
+
1 21
1
1
5V+V
1
Circuit d'horloge du UART
PROFESSEUR : ERIC VANDAL
SCHÉMA DE LA PLAQUE DE COMMUNICATION
UART
PAGE 1 SUR 2
Contact
Contact
Projet réalisé par :
Natasha Maillé
Martin Gagnon
Kevin Kennedy
Michaël Lemieux
Étudiants en Génie électrique, Option télécommunication 3e année, finissant.
But :
Rassembler et maîtriser la majorité des connaissances acquises au cours du DEC.
Développer chez l'étudiant sa capacité à travailler en équipe.
Respecter des délais déjà fixés par l'enseignant et l'étudiant.
Rédiger un rapport complet en format internet.
Objectif général :
Réaliser un système de télécommunication complet.
Objectifs spécifiques :
Déterminer la fonction du projet.
http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/azmuth1/contact1.HTML (1 of 2) [2001-03-28 22:55:20]
Contact
Élaborer un plan général du système et en décrire son fonctionnement global.
Faire de la recherche afin de trouver la documentation nécessaire à l'élaboration du projet.
Faire le montage des modules utilisés sur une plaque d'expérimentation et en étudier le fonctionnement.
Procéder à la construction de chaque module sur carte ISA.
Faire l'essai, la vérification et le dépannage de chaque modules ISA.
Développer une méthode de fonctionnement programmable sur un micro-contrôleur.
Vérifier le bon fonctionnement du programme sur assembleur.
Tester le programme final avec le système et faire du dépannage si nécessaire.
Procéder à la rédaction d'un cahier technique.
Instauration du cahier technique sur le web.
Pour nous rejoindre:
Boite aux lettres
http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/azmuth1/contact1.HTML (2 of 2) [2001-03-28 22:55:20]
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