Addonics Technologies | SCHD SA-FW | User manual | Addonics Technologies SCHD SA-FW User manual

Addonics iSCSI Subsystem
ISC8P2G-S
User Manual
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
RAID introduction ................................ ........ 4
Features ............................................................................ 4
Terminology....................................................................... 6
RAID levels ........................................................................ 8
Volume relationship diagr am........................................... 10
Chapter 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
Getting started ................................ ........... 11
Before starting ................................................................. 11
iSCSI introduction............................................................ 11
Management methods .................................................... 13
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.4
Web GUI ................................ ................................ ................................ .13
Console serial port ................................ ................................ .................14
Remote c ontrol – secure shell ................................ ................................ 14
Enclosure......................................................................... 14
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
LCM ................................ ................................ ................................ ........14
System buzzer ................................ ................................ ........................ 17
LED................................ ................................ ................................ .........17
Chapter 3
Web GUI guideline ................................ ..... 18
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
P-series GUI hierarchy .................................................... 18
Login ................................................................................ 19
Quick install ..................................................................... 21
System configuration ........ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.4.7
3.4.8
3.4.9
3.4.10
3.4.11
3.5
System name ................................ ........... Error! Bookmark not defined.
IP address ................................ ............... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Language................................ ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Login con fig ................................ ............. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Password ................................ ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Date ................................ ......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Mail ................................ .......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
SNMP ................................ ...................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Messenger ................................ ............... Error! Bookmark not defined.
System log server ................................ .... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Event log ................................ .................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
iSCSI config ...................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.5.5
3.6
Entity property ................................ ......... Error! Bookmark not defined.
NIC................................ ........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Node ................................ ........................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Session ................................ .................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
CHAP account ................................ ......... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Volume configuration ....... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4
3.6.5
Volume relationship diagram ................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Physical disk ................................ ............ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Volume group ................................ .......... Error! B ookmark not defined.
User data volume ................................ .... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Cache volume ................................ ......... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.6.6
3.6.7
3.7
Logical unit number ................................ . Error! Bookmark not defined.
Examples ................................ ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Enclosure management .................................................. 56
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.7.3
3.7.4
3.8
SES configuration ................................ ................................ ................... 56
Hardware monitor ................................ ................................ ................... 57
Hard drive S.M.A.R.T. function support ................................ .................58
UPS ................................ ................................ ................................ ........59
System maintenance ........ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.3
3.8.4
3.8.5
3.9
Upgrade ................................ ................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Info................................ ........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Reset to default ................................ ....... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Config import & export ............................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Shutdown................................ ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Logout............................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Chapter 4
Advanced operation ................................ ... 65
4.1
Rebuild ............................................................................ 65
4.2
VG migration and expansion Error!
Bookmark
not
defined.
4.3
UDV Extension ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
4.7
Support Microsoft MPIO and MC/S Error! Bookmark not
defined.
Appendix ................................ ................................ ......... 77
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Certification list ................................................................ 77
Event notifications ........................................................... 80
Known issues .................................................................. 84
Microsoft iSCSI Initiator ................................................... 84
MPIO and MC/S setup instructions ................................. 89
QLogic QLA4010C setup instructions ........................... 110
Installation Steps for Large Volume (TB) ...................... 115
Chapter 1 RAID Introduction
1.1 Features
The Addonics ISC8P2G -S iSCSI subsystem is a high -performance hardware
RAID controller.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2 GbE NIC ports .
iSCSI jumbo frame support .
RAID 6, 60 ready .
Snapshot (QSnap) integrated on the subsystem.
SATA II drives backward compatible .
One logic volume can be shared by as many as 32 hosts .
Host access control .
Configurable N -way mirror for high data protection .
On-line volume migration with no system downtime .
HDD S.M.A.R.T. enabled for SATA drives .
Header/data digest support .
Microsoft VSS, VDS support.
With proper configuration, ISC8P2G-S iSCSI subsystem can provide non -stop
service with a high degree of fault tolerance using RAID technology and
advanced array management features.
The ISC8P2G -S iSCSI subsystem connects to the host system via iSCSI
interface. It can be configured to any RAID level. ISC8P2G -S provides reliable
data protection for servers using RAID 6 . RAID 6 allows two HDD failures without
any impact on the existing data. Data can be recovered from the remaining data
and parity drives.
The ISC8P2G-S iSCSI subsystem is the most cost -effective disk array controller
with completely integrated high -performance and data -protection capabilities
which meet or exceed the highest industry standards. The best data solution
for small/medium business (SMB) users.
Snapshot-on-the-box (QSnap) is a fully usable copy of a defined collection of
data that contains an image of the data as it appeared at a point in time. It is a
point-in-time data replication. It provides consistent and instant copies of data
volumes without any system downtime. Addonics Snapshot-on-the-box can
keep up to 32 snapshots for all data volumes. Rollback feature is provided for
restoring the previous -snapshot data easily while continuously using the volume
for further data access. Data access whic h includes read/write is working at the
background without any impact to end users. The "on -the-box" implies that it
does not require any proprietary agents installed at host side. The snapshot is
taken at target side and done by ISC8P2G -S. It will not con sume any host CPU.
The snapshot copies can be taken manually or be scheduled every hour or every
day.
Caution
Snapshot (QSnap) / rollback feature s need 512MB RAM or
more. Please refer to RAM certificati on list in Appendix A for
more detail.
1.2 Terminology
The document uses the following terms:
RAID
RAID is th e abbreviation of “Redundant Array of Independent
Disks”. There are different RAID levels with different degree
of data protection , data availability, and performance to the
host environment.
PD
The Physical Disk is a member disk of one specific volume
group.
VG
Volume Group. A collection of removable media . One VG
consists of a set of UDVs and owns one RAID level attribute.
UDV
User Data Volume. Each VG could be divided into several
UDVs. The UDVs from one VG share the same RAID level,
but may have different volume capacity.
CV
Cache Volume. ISC8P2G -S uses t he on board memory as
cache. All RAM (except for the part which is occupied by the
controller) can be used as cache. User can divide the cache
for one UDV or share among all UDVs. Each UDV will be
associated with one CV for data transaction. Each CV could
be assigned different cache memory sizes.
LUN
Logical Unit Number. A logical unit number (LUN) is a unique
identifier used on an iSCSI connection which enables it to
differentiate among separate devices (each of which is a
logical unit).
GUI
Graphical User Interface.
RAID width,
RAID copy,
RAID row
(RAID cell in
one row)
RAID width, copy and row are used to describe one VG.
E.g.:
1.
One 4-disk RAID 0 volume: RAID width= 4; RAID
copy=1; RAID row=1.
2.
One 3-way mirroring volume: RAID width=1; RAID
copy=3; RA ID row=1.
3.
One RAID 10 volume over 3 4 -disk RAID 1 volume:
RAID width=1; RAID copy=4; RAID row=3.
WT
Write-Through cache write policy. A caching technique in
which the completion of a write request is not signaled until
data is safely stored on non -volatile media. Each data is
synchronized in both data cache and the accessed physical
disks.
WB
Write-Back cache write policy. A caching technique in which
the completion of a write request is signaled as soon as the
data is in cache and actual writing to non -volatile media
occurs at a later time. It speeds up system write performance
but bears the risk where data may be inconsistent between
data cache and the physical disks in one short time interval.
RO
Set the volume to be Read-Only.
DS
Dedicated Spare disks. The spare disks are only used by one
specific VG. Others could not use the se dedicated spare disks
for any rebuilding pu rposes.
GS
Global Spare disks. GS is shared for rebuilding purpose. If
some VGs need to use the global spare disks for rebuilding,
they could get the spare disks out from the common spare
disks pool for such requirement.
DC
Dedicated Cache.
GC
Global Cache.
DG
DeGraded mode. Not all of the array’s member disks are
functioning, but the array is able to respond to application
read and write requests to its virtual disks.
S.M.A.R.T.
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology.
SCSI
Small Computer Systems Interface.
WWN
World Wide Name.
HBA
Host Bus Adapter.
MPIO
Multi-Path Input/Output.
MC/S
Multiple Connections per Session
S.E.S
SCSI Enclosure Services.
SAF-TE
SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosures.
NIC
Network Interface Card.
iSCSI
Internet Small Computer Systems Interface.
LACP
Link Aggregation Control Protocol.
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit.
CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol. An optional
security mechanism to control access to an iSCSI storage
system over the iSCSI data ports.
iSNS
Internet Storage Name Service.
1.3 RAID levels
RAID 0
Disk striping. ISC8P2G-S RAID 0 needs at least two hard
drives.
RAID 1
Disk mirroring over two disks. RAID 1 needs at least two hard
drives.
N-way
mirror
Extension to RAID 1 level. It has N copies of the disk.
RAID 3
Striping with parity on the dedicated disk. RAID 3 needs at
least three hard drives.
RAID 5
Striping with interspersed parity over the member disks. RAID
5 needs at least three hard drives.
RAID 6
2-dimensional parity protection over the m ember disks. RAID
6 needs at least f our hard drives.
RAID 0+1
Mirroring of the member RAID 0 volumes. RAID 0+1 ne eds at
least four hard drives.
RAID 10
Striping over the member RAID 1 volumes. RAID 10 needs at
least four hard drives.
RAID 30
Striping over the member RAID 3 volumes . RAID 30 needs at
least six hard drives.
RAID 50
Striping over the member RAID 5 v olumes. RAID 50 needs at
least six hard drives.
RAID 60
Striping over the member RAID 6 volumes. RAID 60 needs at
least eight hard drives.
JBOD
The abbreviation of “Just a Bunch Of Disks”. JBOD needs at
least one hard drive.
1.4 Volume relationship diagram
LUN 1
VD 1
LUN 2
LUN 3
VD 2
Snap
VD
+
+
+
RG
PD 1
PD 2
Global
CV
PD 3
DS
Dedicate
d CV
RAM
Figure 1.4.1
This is the volume structure Addonics designed. It describes the relationship of
RAID components. One RG (RAID group) consists of a set of VDs (Virtual disk)
and owns one RAID level attribute. Each RG can be divided into several VDs.
The VDs in one RG share the same RAID level, but may have different volume
capacity. Each VD will be associated with one specific CV (Cache Volume) to
execute the data transaction. Each CV can have different cache memor y size by
user’s modification/setting. LUN (Logical Unit Number) is a unique identifier , in
which users can access through SCSI commands.
Formatted
Chapter 2 Getting started
2.1 Before starting
Before starting, prepare the following items.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Check the “Certification list” in Appendix A to confirm the hardware
setting is fully supported.
A server or worksation with a NIC or iSCSI HBA.
CAT 5e, or CAT 6 network cable s for web GUI IP port and iSCSI data
ports. We recommend CAT 6 cables for best performance.
Prepare storag e system configuration plan.
Management (web GUI IP port) and iSCSI data ports network
information. When using static IP, prepare static IP addresses, subnet
mask, and default gateway.
Gigabit LAN switches. (Recommended)
CHAP security information, includi ng CHAP usernames and secrets.
(Optional)
Setup the hardware connection before powering up servers and
ISC8P2G -S iSCSI subsystem. Connect web GUI IP port cable , and
iSCSI data port cables first.
2.2 iSCSI introduction
iSCSI (Internet SCSI) is a protocol which encapsulates SCSI (Small Computer
System Interface) commands and data in TCP/IP packets for linking storage
devices with servers over common IP infrastructures. iSCSI provides high
performance SANs over standard IP networks like LAN, WAN or the Internet .
IP SANs are true SA Ns (Storage Area Networks) which allow servers to attach to
an infinite number of storage volumes by using iSCSI over TCP/IP networks. IP
SANs can scale the storage capacity with any type and brand of storage system.
IP-SANs also incl ude mechanisms for security, data replication, multi -path and
high availability.
Storage protocol, such as iSCSI, has “two ends” in the connection. These ends
are the initiator and the target. In iSCSI we call them iSCSI initiator and iSCSI
target. The iS CSI initiator requests or initiates any iSCSI communication. It
requests all SCSI operations like read or write. An initiator is usually located on
the host/server side (either an iSCSI HBA or iSCSI Software initiator).
The iSCSI target is the storage dev ice itself or an appliance which controls and
serves volumes or virtual volumes. The target is the device which performs SCSI
commands or bridges it to an attached storage device. iSCSI targets can be
disks, tapes, RAID arrays, tape libraries, and etc.
Host 2
(initiator)
iSCSI
HBA
Host 1
(initiator)
NIC
IP SAN
iSCSI device 1
(target)
iSCSI device 2
(target)
Figure 2.2.1
The host side need s an iSCSI initiator. The initiator is a driver which handles the
SCSI traffic over iSCSI. The initiator can be software or hardware (HBA). R efer to
the certification list of iSCSI HBA(s) in Appendix A. OS native initiators or other
software initiators use the standard TCP/IP stack and Ethernet hardware , while
iSCSI HBA (s) use their own iSCSI and TCP/IP stacks.
Hardware iSCSI HBA(s) would provide its initiator tool. Refer to the vendors ’ HBA
user manual. Microsoft, Linux and Mac provide software iSCSI initiator driver.
Below are the available links:
1.
Link to download the Microsoft iSCSI software initiator:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=12cb3c1a 15d6-4585-b385-befd1319f825&displaylang=en
Refer to Appendix D for Microsoft iSCSI initiator installation procedure.
2.
Linux iSCSI initiator is also available. For different kernels, there are
different iSCSI drivers. Check A ppendix A for software iSCSI initiator
certification list. If user needs the latest Linux iSCSI initiator, please
visit Open -iSCSI project for most update information. Linux-iSCSI
(sfnet) and Ope n-iSCSI projects merged in April 11, 2005 .
Open-iSCSI website: http://www.open -iscsi.org/
Open-iSCSI README: http://www.open -iscsi.org/docs/README
Google g roups:
http://groups.google.com/group/open -iscsi/threads?gvc=2
http://groups.google.com/group/open -iscsi/topics
3.
globalSAN iSCSI Initiator for OS X
http://www.studionetworksolutions.com/products/product_detail.php?t=
more&pi=11
ATTO iSCSI initiator is available for Mac.
Website: http://www.attotech.com/xtend.html
2.3 Management methods
There are three management methods to manage ISC8P2G-S iSCSI subsystem :
2.3.1
Web GUI
ISC8P2G-S supports graphical user interface (GUI) to manage the system. The
default setting of the web GUI port IP is DHCP and the DHCP IP address is
displayed on the LCM. A user can check the LCM for the IP address first, then
open a web browser and type the DHCP address : (The DHCP addre ss is
dynamic and user may need to check every time after reboot again.)
E.g., on LCM.
192.168.1.50
Addonics ISC8P2G -S •
http://192.168. 1.50
Move the cursor on any of the function block located on the left side of the web
browser, a dialog box opens to authenticate current use r.
Login as Administrator
Login name: admin
Default password: supervisor
To login as Read-Only account .
Login name: user
Default password: 1234
Note: It onl y allows seeing the configuration but cannot change any setting.
2.3.2
Console serial port (Optional)
Use NULL modem cable to connect console port.
The console setting is baud rate: 115200, 8 bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity.
Terminal type: vt100
Login name: admin
Default password: supervisor
2.3.3
Remote control – secure shell
SSH (secure shell) is requir ed for ISC8P2G -S to remote login. The SSH client
software is available at the followin g web site:
SSHWinClient WWW: http://www.ssh.com/
Putty WWW: http://www.chiark.gre enend.org.uk/
Host name: 192.168.1.50 (Check your DHCP address for this field.)
Login name: admin
Default password: supervisor
E.g.
$ ssh admin@192.168.1.50
Tips
ISC8P2G-S only support SSH for remote control. When using
SSH, the IP address and the password is required for login.
2.4 Enclosure
2.4.1
LCM
There are four buttons to control ISC8P2G -S LCM (LCD Control Module) ,
including:
• (up), ‚ (down), ESC (Escape), and ENT (Enter).
After booting up the system, the following screen shows web GUI port IP and
model name :
192.168.1.50
Addonics ISC8P2G -S•
Press “ENT”.
The following are LCM functions: “Alarm Mute ”, “Reset/Shutdown” , “Quick
Install”, “View IP Setting” , “Change IP Config” and “Reset to Default” . To
shift between the menus, press • (up) or ‚ (down) buttons.
When a WARNING or ERROR is detected within the device , the LCM displays
the event log to provide users more detail s.
The following table shows each function ’s description.
System Info.
Display system information.
Alarm Mute
To m ute the alarm when an error occurs, select this
function.
Reset/Shutdown
To reset or shutdown the ISC8P2G -S.
Quick Install
Three Quick steps to create a volume. Refer to section
3.3 for procedure using the web GUI.
Volume Wizard
Smart steps to create a volume. Refer to next chapter for
operation in web UI.
View IP Setting
Display curr ent IP address, subnet mask, and gateway.
Change IP
Config
Set IP address, subnet mask, and gateway. There are 2
selections, DHCP (Get IP address from DHCP server) or
set static IP.
Reset to Default
Reset to default sets password to default: supervisor,
and set IP address to default as DHCP setting.
Example:
Default IP address: 192.168.1.50 (DHCP)
Default subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway : 192.168.1.254
The following is LCM menu hierarchy.
[System Info.]
[Alarm Mute]
[Firmware
Version
x.x.x]
[RAM Size
xxx MB]
[•Yes
No‚]
[Reset]
[Reset/Shutdown]
[Shutdown]
[Quick Install]
Addonics
Technology
•‚
[Volume Wizard]
[View IP Setting]
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 6
RAID 0+1
xxx GB
[Local]
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 6
RAID 0+1
[JBOD x] •‚
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 6
RAID 0+1
[IP Config]
[Static IP]
[IP Address]
[192.168.010.050]
[IP Subnet Mask]
[255.255.255.0]
[IP Gateway]
[192.168.010.254]
[DHCP]
[•Yes
No‚]
[•Yes
No‚]
[Apply The
Config]
[•Yes
No‚]
[Use default
algorithm]
[Volume
Size]
xxx GB
[Apply
The
Config]
[•Yes
No‚]
[new x disk]
•‚
xxx BG
Adjust
Volume Size
[Apply
The
Config]
[•Yes
No‚]
[•Yes
No‚]
[IP Address]
[Change IP
Config]
[Reset to Default]
[Static IP]
[•Yes
No‚]
[IP Subnet
Mask]
[IP
Gateway]
[Apply IP
Setting]
Adjust IP
address
Adjust
Submask IP
Adjust
Gateway IP
[•Yes
No‚]
Caution
Before powering off, it is recommended to execute
“Shutdown” to flush the data from cache to physical disks.
2.4.2
System buzzer
The system buzzer features ar e describe in the following:
1.
2.
3.
2.4.3
The system buzzer alarm s for 1 second when system boots up
successfully.
The system buzzer alarm s continuously when an error event happens.
To stop the alarm , use the alarm mute option .
The alarm will be muted automatically wh en the error situation is
resolved. E.g., when a RAID 5 array is degraded and the alarm rings.
After a user changes/adds one physical disk for rebuilding, and when
the rebuilding is done, the alarm will be muted automatically.
LED
The LED features are de scribe as foll ows:
1.
2.
3.
POWER LED : Hardware activated LED when system is powered on.
BUSY LED : Hardware activated LED when the front -end channel is
busy.
System STATUS LED : Indicates system status. When an error occurs
or the RAID is degraded, the LED lights u p.
Chapter 3 Web GUI guideline
3.1 ISC8P2G-S Web GUI Hierarchy
The table below shows the hierarchy of ISC8P2G-S Web GUI.
Quick installation
System configuration
à Step 1 / Step 2 / Confirm
System setting à System name / Date and time
IP address à MAC address / Address / DNS / port
Login setting à Login configuration / Admin password / User
password
Mail setting à Mail
Notification à SNMP / Messenger / System log server / Event log
filter
setting
iSCSI configuration
Entity property à Entity name / iSNS IP
NIC à Aggregation / IP settings for iSCSI ports / Become
default gateway / Enable jumbo frame
Node à Create / Authenticate / Rename / User / Delete
Session à Session information / Delete
CHAP account à Create / Delete
Volume configuration
Step 1 / Step 2 / Step 3 / Step 4 / Confirm
Volume create
wizard
Physical disk à Set Free disk / Set Global spare / Set Dedicated
spare / Set property / More information
RAID group à Create / Migrate / Activate / Deactivate / Scrub /
Delete / Set disk property / More information
Virtual disk à Create / Extend / Scrub / Delete / Set property /
Attach LUN / Detach LUN / List LUN / Set snapshot
space / Cleanup snapshot / Take snapshot / Auto
snapshot / List snapshot / More information
Snapshot à Cleanup snapshot / Auto snapshot / Take snapshot /
Export / Rollback / Delete
Logical unit à Attach / Detach
Enclosure management
SES à Enable / Disable
configuration
Hardware à Auto shutdown
monitor
S.M.A.R.T. à S.M.A.R.T. information
(Only for SATA disks)
UPS à UPS Type / Shutdown battery level / Shutdown delay /
Shutdown UPS
Maintenance
System
information
Upgrade
Reset to default
Import and
export
Event log
Reboot and
shutdown
Logout
à System information
à Browse the firmware to upgrade / Export configuration
à Sure to reset to factory default?
à Import/Export / Import file
à Download / Mute / Clear
à Reboot / Shutdown
Sure to logout?
3.2 Login
On the web browser, ty pe the IP address shown on the LCM display.
Figure 3.2.1
Place the cursor on any fun ction block located on the left side of window then do
a right click, an authentica tion window opens up.
Figure 3.2.2
User name: admin
Password: supervisor
After lo gin, you can ch oose the Quick installation function block on the left side of
the window to do configuration.
Figure 3.2.3
There are four indicators at the top -right corner of the web GUI.
Figure 3.2.4
1.
RAID light: Green means , the RAID array is correctly functioning .
Red represents RAID failure or degradation .
2.
Temperature light: Green is normal. Red represents abnormal
temperature.
3.
Voltage light: Green is normal. Red represents abnormal voltage
status.
4.
UPS light: Green is normal. Red rep resents abnormal UPS
status.
3.3 Quick Installation
The “Quick installation” function is used to create a volume.
The ISC8P2G-S Quick Install ation function has a smart policy. When the system
is full, meaning all 8 HDD are connected and all HDD have the same size,
ISC8P2G-S’s Quick Install function lists all possible configurations and sizes
among different RAID level options. The ISC8P2G -S Quick installation will use all
available HDD for the RAID level which the user decides.
But when the system is inserted with different sizes of HDD, e.g., 6*200G HDD
and 2*80G, ISC8P2G -S also lists all possible combinations of different RAID
Level and different sizes and you may observe there are some HDD not used
(Free Status).
Step 1: Click “Quick installat ion”, then choose the RAID level. After choosing
the RAID level, then click “
”. It will link to another page.
Figure 3.3.1
Step 2: Click “
” to use default algorithm.
Step 3: Click “
” to select the default volume size.
Formatted
Step 4: Confirm page. Click “
a VD will be created.
” if all setups are correct. Then
Done. You can start to use the system now.
Figure 3.3.2
(Figure 3.3.2: A RAID 0 Virtual disk with the VD name “QUICK83716”, named by system
itself, with the total available volume size 297GB.)
Formatted
3.4 System configuration
“System config uration” is used for setting up the “System setting”, “IP
address”, “Login setting”, “Mail setting ”, and “Notification setting ”.
Figure 3.4.1
3.4.1
Formatted
System setting
“System setting ” can set system name and date . Default “System name” is
the model name, e .g.: ISC8P2G-S. You can modify the system name.
Figure 3.4.1.1
Check “Change d ate and time ” to set up the current date, time, and time zone
before using or synchronize time from NTP (Network Time Protocol) server.
Formatted
3.4.2
IP address
“IP address” enables you to change the IP address for remote administration
usage. There are 2 options, DHCP (Get IP address from DHCP server) or static
IP. The default setting is DHCP. User can change the HTTP, HTTPS, and SSH
port number when the default port number is not allowed on host/server.
Figure 3.4.2.1
3.4.3
Login setting
“Login setting” enables you to set single admin management , auto logout time
and Admin/User password . The single admin management can prevent multiple
users accessing the same ISC8P2G -S at the same time.
1.
Auto logout: The options are (1) Disable; (2) 5 minutes; (3) 30
minutes; (4) 1 hour. The system will log out automatically when user is
inactive for a period of time.
Formatted
2.
Login lock: Disable/Enable. When the login lock is enabled, the
system allows only one user to login or modify system settings.
Figure 3.4.3.1
Check “Change admin p assword” or “Change user p assword” to change
admin or user password. The maximum length of the password is 12 chara cters.
Formatted
3.4.4
Mail setting
“Mail setting” Enter at most 3 mail addresses for receiving the ev ent
notification. Some mail servers would check “Mail-from address” and need
authentication for anti -spam. Fill the necessary fields and click “Send test mail”
to test whether email functions are available. User can also select which levels of
event logs w ill be sent via mail. Default setting only enables ERROR and
WARNING event logs.
Figure 3.4.4.1
Formatted
3.4.5
Notification setting
“Notification setting ” can set up SNMP trap for alerting via SNMP , pop-up
message via Windows Messenger (not MSN) , alert via syslog protocol , and event
log filter.
Figure 3.4.5.1
“SNMP” allows up to 3 SNMP trap addresses. Default community setting is
“public”. User can choose the event log levels and default setting only enables
INFO event log in SNMP. There are many S NMP tools. The following web sites
are for your reference:
Formatted
SNMPc: http://www.snmpc.com/
Net-SNMP: http://net-snmp.sourceforge.net/
Using “Messenger” , user must enabl e the service “Messenger” in Windows
(Start à Control Panel à Administrative Tools à Serv ices à Messenger), and
then event logs can be received. It allows up to 3 messenger addresses. User
can choose the event log levels and default setting enables the WAR NING and
ERROR event logs.
Using “System log server” , user can choose the facility and the event log level.
The default port of syslog is 514. Th e default setting enables event le vel: INFO,
WARNING and ERROR event logs.
There are some syslog server tool s. The following web sites are for your
reference:
WinSyslog: http://www.winsyslog.com/
Kiwi Syslog Daemon: http://www.kiwisyslog.com/
Most UNIX systems build in syslog daemon.
“Event log filter ” setting can enable event level on “Pop up events ” and “LCM”.
3.5 iSCSI configuration
“iSCSI configuration ” is designed for setting up the “Entity Property ”, “NIC”,
“Node”, “Session”, and “CHAP account ”.
Figure 3.5.1
Formatted
3.5.1
Entity property
“Entity property ” will enable you to view the entity name of the ISC8P2G-S, and
setup “iSNS IP ” for iSNS (Internet Storage Name Service ). iSNS protocol allows
automated discovery, management and configuration of iSCSI devices on a
TCP/IP netw ork. If using iSNS, you need to install a iSNS server in the SAN. Add
an iSNS server IP address into iSNS server lists in order that iSCSI initiat or
service can send queries. The entity name of ISC8P2G -S can not changed.
Figure 3.5.1.1
3.5.2
Formatted
NIC
“NIC” can change IP address es of iSCSI data ports. The ISC8P2G -S has two
gigabit LAN ports to transmit data.
Figure 3.5.2.2
Formatted
(Figure 3.5.2.2: ISC8P2G-S has 2 iSCSI data ports. Each of them is set to dynamic IP.)
IP settings:
User can change the IP address by moving cursor to the gray button of the LAN
port, select “IP settings for iSCSI ports ” from the drop down menu . There are 2
selections, DHCP (Get IP address from DHCP server) or static IP.
Figure 3.5.2.4
Formatted
Default gateway:
Default gateway can be changed by m oving cursor to the gray button of the LAN
port, click “Become default gateway ”.
MTU / Jumbo frame:
MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size can be enabled by moving cursor to the
gray button of LAN port, click “Enable jumbo frame ”.
Caution
The MTU size of the switching hub and HBA on the host must
be enabled. Otherwise, the LAN connection cannot work
properly.
3.5.3
Node
“Node” enables you to view the target name for iSCSI initiator. ISC8P2G -S
supports single -node. The node name of ISC8P2G-S cannot be changed.
Figure 3.5.3.1
(Figure 3.5.3.1: ISC8P2G-S, single-mode.)
CHAP:
CHAP is the abbreviation of Challenge Handshake Authorization Protocol. CHAP
is a strong authentication method used in point-to-point for user login. It’s a type
of authentication in which the authentication server sends the client a key to be
used for encrypting the username and p assword. CHAP enables the u sername
and password to be transmitted in an encrypted form for protection.
To use CHAP authentication, follow the steps below.
1.
2.
Click “
Select “CHAP”.
”.
Figure 3.5.3.7
3.
Click “
”.
Figure 3.5.3.8
4.
5.
Formatted
Go to “/ iSCSI configuration / CHAP account ” page to create CHAP
account. Refer to next section for more detail.
In “Authenticate ” page, select “None” to disable CHAP.
Tips
After setting CHAP, the initiato r in host/server should be set the
same CHAP account. Otherwise, user cannot login.
Formatted
3.5.4
Session
“Session” can display iSCSI session and connection information, including the
following items:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Host (Initiator Name)
Error Recovery Level
Error Recovery Count
Detail of Authentication status and Source IP: port number.
Figure 3.5.4.1
(Figure 3.5.4.1: iSCSI Session.)
To view more information, move c ursor to the gray button of sessi on number,
click “List connection ”. It will list all connection(s) of the session.
Figure 3.5.4.2
(Figure 3.5.4.2: iSCSI Connection.)
3.5.5
CHAP account
“CHAP account ” allows you to manage a CHAP account for authentication.
ISC8P2G-S can create one CHAP only.
To setup CHAP account, follow the steps below.
1.
2.
Click “
”.
Enter “User”, “Secret”, and “Confirm” secret again.
Figure 3.5.5.3
3.
Click “
”.
Figure 3.5.5.4
(Figure 3.5.5.4: created a CHAP account named “chap1”.)
4.
Click “Delete” to delete CHAP account.
3.6 Volume configuration
“Volume config uration” is designed for setting up volume configuration
information which includes “Volume create wizard ”, “Physical disk” , “RAID
group”, “Virtual disk”, “Snapshot”, and “Logical unit” .
Figure 3.6.1
Formatted
3.6.1
Volume creation wizard
The “Volume creation wizard ” has a smart policy. When the system is full ,
meaning all 8 HDD are connected , and all HDD have the same size, ISC8P2G S’s Quick Install function lists all possible configurations and si zes among
different RAID level options. The ISC8P2G -S Quick Install ation will use all
available HDD for the RAID level which the user decides.
But when the system is inserted with different sizes of HDD, e.g., 6*200G HDD
and 2*80G, ISC8P2G -S also lists al l possible combinations of different RAID
Level and different sizes and you may observe there are some HDD not used
(Free Status).
Step 1: Click “Quick installation” , then choose the RAID level. After choosing
the RAID level, then click “
”. It will link to another page.
Figure 3.3.1
Step 2: Click “
” to use default algorithm.
Step 3: Click “
” to select the default volume size.
Formatted
Step 4: Confirm page. Click “
a VD will be created.
” if all setups are correct. Then
Done. You can start to use the system now.
Figure 3.3.2
3.6.2
Formatted
Physical disk
“Physical disk” allows you to view the status of hard drives in the system. The
followings are operational tips:
1.
2.
Move the cursor to the gray button next to the drive number under Slot .
It will show the functions that can be executed.
Active function s can be selected, but inactive functions will be grayed
out.
For example, set PD slot number 11 to dedicated spare disk.
Step 1: Move the cursor to the gray button of PD 11, select “Set Dedicated
spare”, it will link to next page.
Figure 3.6.2.1
Formatted
Step 2: Select the RGs which you want this drive to be set as a dedicated spare
disk, then click “
”.
Figure 3.6.2.2
Formatted
Done. View “Physical disk ” page.
Figure 3.6.2.3
(Figure 3.6.2.3: Physical disks of slot 1,2,3 are created for a RG named “RG-R5”. Slot 4 is
set as dedicated spare disk of RG named “RG-R5”. The others are free disks.)
•
PD column description:
Slot
The position of the hard drive s. The button next to the
number of slot shows the functions which can be
executed.
Size (GB)
Capacity of hard drive.
RG Name
Related RAID group name.
Status
The status of hard drive.
“Online” à the hard drive is online.
“Rebuilding ” à the hard drive is being rebuilt.
“Transition” à the hard drive is being migrated or is
replaced by another disk when rebuilding occurs .
“Missing” à the hard drive has already joined a RG
but not plugged into the disk tray of current
system.
Formatted
Health
The health of hard drive.
“Good” à the hard drive is good.
“Failed” à the hard drive failed.
“Error Alert” à S.M.A.R.T. error alert.
“Read Errors ” à the hard drive has unrecoverable
read errors.
Usage
“RD” à RAID Disk. This hard drive has been set to
RAID.
“FR” à FRee disk. This hard drive is free for use.
“DS” à Dedicated Spare. This hard drive has been
set to the dedicated spare of the RG.
“GS” à Global Spare. This hard dri ve has been set as
a global spare of all RGs.
“RS” à ReServe. The hard drive contains th e RG
information but cannot be used. It may be
caused by an uncompleted RG set, or hot plugging of this disk while there is data transfer.
In order to pro tect the data in the disk, the status
changes to reserve. It can be reused after setting
it to “FR” manually.
Vendor
Hard drive vendor.
Serial
Hard drive serial number.
Type
Hard drive type.
“SATA” à SATA disk .
“SATA2” à SATA II disk.
“SAS” à SAS disk.
•
Write cache
Hard drive write cache is enabled or disabled.
Standby
HDD auto spin down to save power. The default value
is disabled.
PD operations description:
Set Free disk
Make the selected hard drive to be free for use.
Set Global
spare
Set the selected hard drive to global spare of all RGs.
Set
Dedicated
spares
Set hard drive to dedicated spare of selected RGs.
Set property
Change the status of write cache and standby .
Write cache options:
“Enabled” à Enable disk write cache .
“Disabled” à Disable disk write cache.
Standby options:
“Disabled” à Disable spindown .
“30 sec / 1 min / 5 min / 30 min ” à Enable hard drive
auto spindown to save power.
More
information
3.6.3
Shows hard drive detail ed information.
RAID group
“RAID group” allows you to view the status of each RAID group. The following
is an example to create a RG.
Step 1: Click “
“
”, enter “Name”, choose “RAID level”, click
” to select PD. Then click “
Figure 3.6.3.1
”.
Formatted
Step 2: Confirm page. Click “
” if all setups are correct .
Figure 3.6.3.2
(Figure 3.6.3.2: There is a RAID 0 with 4 physical disks, named “RG-R0”, total size is
135GB. Another is a RAID 5 with 3 physical disks, named “RG-R5”.)
Done. View “RAID group ” page.
•
RG column description:
No.
Number of RAID group. The button next to the No.
shows the function which can be executed.
Name
RAID group name.
Total(GB)
Total capacity of this RAID group.
Free(GB)
Free capacity of this RAID group.
#PD
The number of physical disks in RAID group.
#VD
The number of virtual disks in RAID group.
Status
The status of RAID group.
“Online” à the RAID group is online.
“Offline” à the RAID group is offline.
“Rebuild” à the RAID group is rebuilding .
Formatted
“Migrate” à the RAID group is being migrated .
“Scrub” à the RAID group is being scrubbed .
Health
The health of RAID group.
“Good” à the RAID group is good.
“Failed” à a hard drive failed.
“Degraded” à RAID volume failure. The reason could
be disk failure.
RAID
•
The RAID level of the RAID group.
RG operations description:
Create
Create a RAID g roup.
Migrate
Migrate a RAID group . Refer to next chapter for more
detail.
Activate
Activate a RAID group; it can be executed when RG
status is offline. This is for online roaming purpose.
Deactivate
Deactivate a RAID group ; it can be executed when RG
status is online . This is for online roaming purpos e.
Scrub
Scrub a RAID group . It’s a parity regeneration. It
supports RAID 3 / 5 / 6 / 30 / 50 / 60 only.
Delete
Delete a RAID group .
Set disk
property
Change the disk status of write cache and standby .
Write cache options:
“Enabled” à Enable disk write cache .
“Disabled” à Disable disk write cache.
Standby options:
“Disabled” à Disable spindown .
“30 sec / 1 min / 5 min / 30 min ” à Enable hard drive
auto spindown to save power.
More
information
Show RAID group detailed information.
3.6.4
Virtual disk
“Virtual disk” allows you to view the status of each Virtual disk. The f ollowing is
an example to create a VD.
Step 1: Click “
”, enter “Name”, choose “RG name”,
“Stripe height (KB) ”, “Block size (B) ”, “Read/Write” mode, “Priority”, “Bg
rate” (Background task priority), change “Capacity (GB) ” if necessary. Then
click “
”.
Figure 3.6.4.1
Step 2: Confirm page. Click “
Formatted
” if all setups are correct .
Figure 3.6.4.2
(Figure 3.6.4.2: Create a VD named “VD-01”, related to “RG-R0”, size is 30GB. The other
VD is named “VD-02”, initializing to 12%.)
Formatted
Done. View “Virtual disk” page.
•
VD column description:
No.
Number of this Virtual disk. The button next to the VD
No. shows the functions which can be executed.
Name
Virtual disk name .
Size(GB)
Total capacity of th e Virtual disk.
Right
“WT” à Write Through.
“WB” à Write Back.
“RO” à Read Only.
Priority
“HI” à HIgh priority.
“MD” à MiD priority.
“LO” à LOw priority.
Bg rate
Background task prior ity.
“4 / 3 / 2 / 1 / 0 ” à Default value is 4 . The higher
number the background priority of a VD has, the more
background I/O will be scheduled to execute.
Status
The status of Virtual disk.
“Online” à the Virtual disk is online.
“Offline” à the Virtual disk is offline.
“Initiating ” à the Virtual disk is being initialized.
“Rebuild” à the Virtual disk is being rebuilt .
“Migrate” à the Virtual disk is being migrated .
“Rollback ” à the Virtual disk is being rolled back .
“Scrub” à the Virtual disk is being scrubbed.
Health
The health of Virtual disk .
“Optimal” à the Virtual disk is operating and has
experienced no disk failures that would
compromise the RG .
“Degraded” à At least one disk which is part of the
Virtual disk has been marked as failed or has
been unplugged.
“Missing” à the Virtual disk has been marked as
missing by the system.
“Failed” à the Virtual disk has experienced enough
disk failures that would compromise the VD for
unrecoverable data loss to occur.
“Part optimal ” à the Virtual disk has experienced
disk failures.
•
R%
Ratio of initializing or re building.
RAID
The level of RAID that the Virtual disk is using.
#LUN
Number of LUN (s) that the Virtual disk is attached to.
Snapshot
(MB)
The Virtual disk size used for snapshot. The number
means “Used snapshot space” / “Total snapshot
space”. The unit is in MegaBytes (MB).
#Snapshot
Number of snapshot(s) that the Virtual disk has taken.
RG name
The Virtual disk’s RG name
VD operations description:
Extend
Extend a Virtual disk capacity.
Scrub
Scrub a Virtual disk. It ’s a parity regeneration. It
supports RAID 3 / 5 / 6 / 30 / 50 / 60 only.
Delete
Delete a Virtual disk .
Set property
Change the VD name, access rights, priority and bg
rate.
Access Rights options:
“WT” à Write Through.
“WB” à Write Back.
“RO” à Read Only.
Priority options:
“HI” à HIgh priority.
“MD” à MiD priority.
“LO” à LOw priority.
Bg rate options:
“4 / 3 / 2 / 1 / 0 ” à Default value is 4 . The higher
number the background priority of a VD has, the
more background I/O will be scheduled to
execute.
Attach LUN
Attach to a LUN.
Detach LUN
Detach to a LUN.
List LUN
List attached LUN(s).
Set snapshot
space
Set snapshot space for executing snapshot. Refer to
next chapter for more detail.
Cleanup
snapshot
Clean all snapshot VD r elated to the Virtual disk and
release snapshot space.
Take
snapshot
Take a snapshot on the Virtual disk.
Auto
snapshot
Set auto snapshot on the Virtual disk .
List snapshot
List all snapshot VD related to the Virtual disk.
More
information
Show Virtual disk detail information .
3.6.5
Snapshot
“Snapshot” allow you to view the status of snapshot. Refer to next chapter for
more detail about snapshot concept. The following is an example to create a
snapshot.
Step 1: Create snapshot space. I n “/ Volume config uration / Virtual disk” ,
move cursor to the gray button next to the VD number; click “Set snapshot
space”.
Step 2: Set snapshot space. Then click “
space is created.
Figure 3.6.5.1
”. The snapshot
Formatted
Figure 3.6.5.2
Formatted
(Figure 3.6.5.2: “ VD-01” snapshot space has been created, snapshot space is 15360MB,
and used 263MB for saving snapshot index.)
Step 3: Take a snapshot. I n “/ Volume config uration / Snapshot”, click
“
”. It will link to next page. Enter a snapshot name.
Figure 3.6.5.3
Formatted
Step 4: Export the snapshot VD. Move cursor to the gray button next to the
Snapshot VD number; click “Export”. Enter a capacity for snapshot VD. If size is
zero, the exported snapshot VD will be read only. Otherwise, the exported
snapshot VD can be read/written, and the size will be the maximum capacity to
read/write.
Figure 3.6.5.4
Formatted
Figure 3.6.5.5
(Figure 3.6.5.5: This is the list of “VD-01”. There are two snapshots in “VD-01”. Snapshot
VD “SnapVD-01” is exported to read only, “SnapVD-02” is exported to read/write.)
Step 5: Attach a LUN for snapshot VD. Refer to the next section for attaching a
LUN.
Done. Snapshot VD can be used.
•
Snapshot column description:
No.
Number of this snapshot VD . The button next to the
snapshot VD No. showS the functions which can be
executed.
Name
Snapshot VD n ame.
Used (MB)
The amount of snapshot space that has been used.
Exported
Snapshot VD is exported or not.
Right
“RW” à Read / Write. The snapshot VD can be read /
written to.
“RO” à Read Only. The snapshot VD can be read
only.
#LUN
Number of LUN (s) that snapshot VD is attached to.
Created time
Snapshot VD created time.
Formatted
•
3.6.6
Snapshot operations description:
Export
Export the snapshot VD.
Rollback
Rollback the snapshot VD to the original.
Delete
Delete the snapshot VD .
Attach
Attach to a LUN.
Detach
Detach to a LUN.
List LUN
List attached LUN(s).
Logical unit
“Logical unit” allow you to view the status of attached logical unit number of
each VD.
User can attach LUN by clicking the “
”. “Host” must enter
an iSCSI node name for access control, or fill -in wildcard “*”, which means every
host can access the volume. Choose LUN number and permission, then click
“
”.
Figure 3.6.6.1
Formatted
Figure 3.6.6.2
(Figure 3.6.6.2: ISC8P2G-S, QUICK87678 is attached to LUN 0 and every host can access.
QUICK87678 is attached to LUN 1 and only initiator note which is named “iqn.199105.com.microsoft:tech” can access. The other models do not display “Target” column.)
•
LUN operations des cription:
Attach
Attach a logical unit number to a Virtual disk.
Detach
Detach a logical unit number from a Virtual disk.
The rules of access control are rated in importance from top to bottom of the list.
For example: there are 2 rules for the same VD, one is “*”, LUN 0; and the other
is “iqn.host1”, LUN 1. The other host “iqn.host2” can login successfully because it
matches the rule 1.
The access will be denied when there is no matching rule.
Formatted
3.6.7
Example
The following is an example for creating volumes. Example 1 is to create two
VDs and set a global spare disk.
•
Example 1
Example 1 is to create two VDs in one RG, each VD uses global cache volume.
Global cache volume is created after system boots up automatically. So, no
action is ne eded to set CV. Then set a global spare disk. Eventually, delete all of
them.
Step 1: Create RG (RAID group).
To create the RAID group, follow the steps below:
Figure 3.6.7.1
Formatted
1.
Select “/ Volume config uration / RAID group” .
2.
3.
Click “
“.
Input a RG Name, choose a RAID level from the
4.
“
“ to choose the RAID PD slot (s), then click
“
“.
Check the outcome. Click “
“ if all setups are
correct.
Done. A RG has been created.
5.
list, click
Figure 3.6.7.2
Formatted
(Figure 3.6.7.2: Creating a RAID 5 with 3 physical disks, named “RG-R5”. The total size is
148GB. Because there is no related VD, free size still remains 148GB.)
Step 2: Create VD (Virtual disk).
To create a data user volume, follow the steps below.
Figure 3.6.7.3
5.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk” .
6.
7.
Click “
”.
Input a VD name, choose a RG Name and enter a size of VD; decide
the stripe high, block size, read/write mode and set priority, finally click
“
“.
Done. A VD has been created.
Do one more time to cre ate another VD.
8.
9.
Formatted
Figure 3.6.7.4
Formatted
(Figure 3.6.7.4: Create VDs named “VD-R5-1” and “VD-R5-2”. Regarding to “RG-R5”, the
size of “VD-R5-1” is 100GB, the size of “VD-R5-2” is 48GB. “VD-R5-1” is initialing about
3%. There is no LUN attached.)
Step 3: Attach LUN to VD.
There are 2 methods to attach LUN to VD.
1. In “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk” , move cursor to the g ray
button next to the VD number; click “Attach LUN ”.
2. In
“/
Volume
configuration
/
Logical
unit” ,
click
“
”.
The proc edures are as follows :
Figure 3.6.7.5
1.
2.
3.
Formatted
Select a VD.
Input “Host” name , which is a FC node name for access control, or fill in wildcard “*”, which means every host can access to this volume.
Choose LUN and permission, then click “
Done.
”.
Figure 3.6.7.6
(Figure 3.5.8.6: VD-R5-1 is attached to LUN 0. VD-R5-2 is attached LUN 1.)
Tips
The rules of access control are rank in importance from top to
bottom in the list.
Step 4: Set global spare disk.
To set global spare disks, follow the steps below.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Physical disk” .
Move cursor to the gray button next to the PD slot; click “Set G lobal
spare”.
“GS” icon is shown in “Usage” column.
Formatted
Figure 3.6.7.7
Formatted
(Figure 3.5.8.7: Slot 4 is set as global spare disk.)
Step 5: Done. They can be used as disks.
Delete VDs, RG, follow the steps listed below.
Step 6: Detach LUN from VD .
In “/ Volume configuration / Logical unit” ,
Figure 3.6.7.8
1.
2.
3.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the LUN; click “Detach”. There
will pop up a confirmation page.
Choose “OK”.
Done.
Step 7: Delete VD (Virtua l disk).
To delete the Virtual disk , follow the p rocedures:
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume config uration / Virtual disk”.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the VD number; click “Delete”.
There will pop up a confirmation page , click “OK”.
Done. Then, the VDs are d eleted.
Tips
When deleting VD, the attached LUN(s) related to this VD will
be detached automatically.
Formatted
Step 8: Delete RG (RAID group).
To delete the RAID group, follow the steps below:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select “/ Volume config uration / RAID group” .
Select a RG which is no VD related on this RG, otherwise the VD(s) on
this RG must be deleted first.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the RG number click “Delete”.
There will pop up a confirmation page , click “OK”.
Done. The RG has been deleted.
Tips
The action of deleting one RG will succeed only when all of the
related VD(s) are deleted in this RG. Otherwise, it will have an
error when deleting this RG .
Step 9: Free global spare disk .
To free global spare disks, follow the steps below.
1.
2.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Physical disk” .
Move cursor to the gray but ton next to the PD slot; click “Set Free
disk”.
Step 10: Done, all volumes have been deleted.
3.7 Enclosure management
The “Enclosure management” function allows managing the encl osure
information including “SES config”, “Hardware monitor ”, “S.M.A.R.T. ” and
“UPS”. The enclosure management provide s sensors for different purposes,
such as temperature sensors, voltage sensors, hard disks, fan sensors, power
sensors, and LED status. And because the hardware characteristics are different
among these sensors, different sensors have differen t polling intervals. Below
are the detail s for the polling time intervals:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Temperature sensors: 1 minute.
Voltage sensors: 1 minute.
Hard disk sensors : 10 minutes.
Fan sensors: 10 seconds, when there are continuous 3 times of error,
ISC8P2G -S sends ERROR event log.
Power sensors: 10 seconds, when there are continuous 3 times of
error, ISC8P2G-S sends ERROR event log.
LED status: 10 seconds.
Figure 3.7.1
3.7.1
SES configuration
SES represents SCSI Enclosure Services, one of the enclosure management
standards. The “SES config” function allows you to enable or disable the
management of S ES.
Figure 3.7.1.1
(Figure 3.7.1.1: Enable SES in LUN 0, and can be accessed from every host.)
The SES client software is available at t he following web site:
SANtools: http://www.santools.com/
3.7.2
Hardware monitor
Select “Hardware monitor ” function to view informa tion on current voltage and
temperature.
Figure 3.7.2.1
If “Auto shutdown ” has been checked, the system will shutdown automatically
when voltage or temperature is out of the normal range. For better data
protection, check “Auto Shutdow n”.
For better protection and to avoid single short period of high temperature
triggering Auto shutdown, ISC8P2G-S uses multiple condition judgments for Auto
shutdown . Below are the detail s of when the Auto shutdown will be triggered.
1.
2.
3.
There are 3 sensors placed on the ISC8P2G -S for temperature
checking of the core processor, on the PCI-X bridge, and on the
daughter board. ISC8P2G-S will check each sensor every 30 seconds.
When one of the sensor senses high temp erature value for 3 minutes,
the Auto shutdow n will be triggered immediately.
The core processor temperature limit is 85 Ž. The PCI -X bridge
temperature limit is 80 Ž. The daughter board temperature limit is 80 Ž.
If the high temperature situation doesn ’t last for 3 mi nutes, ISC8P2G-S
will not do auto shutdown.
3.7.3
Hard drive S.M.A.R.T. function support
S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology) is a diagnostic
tool for hard drives to give advanced warning of drive failures. S.M.A.R.T.
provides users a chance to take actions before possible drive failure.
S.M.A.R.T. measures many attrib utes of the hard drive all the time and determine
the hard drives which are close to failure. The advanced identification of possible
hard drive failure s can allow users to back up hard drive or replace the hard
drive.
The “S.M.A.R.T.” function will displ ay S.M.A.R.T. information of hard drives. The
number value is the current value and the number in parenthesis is the threshold
value. The threshold values of hard drive vendors are different; refer to vendors’
specification for details.
S.M.A.R.T. informa tion is only supported on SATA drive. SAS drive does not
have S.M.A.R.T. information. It will show N/A in this web page.
Figure 3.7.3.1
3.7.4
UPS
Select “UPS” function. It will set UPS ( Uninterruptible Power Supply)
parameters.
Figure 3.7.4.1
Currently, the system only support s and communicate s with smart-UPS function
of APC (American Power Conversion Corp .) UPS. Check detail s from
http://www.apc.com/ .
First, connect the system and APC UPS via RS -232. Then set up the shutdown
value.
UPS Type
Select UPS Type. Choose Smart -UPS for APC. None
for other vendors or no UPS.
Shutdown
Battery Level
(%)
When value is below the setting level, the system will
shutdown. Setting level to “0” will disable UPS
function.
Shutdown
Delay (s)
If power failure has occurred, and the system can not
return to the set value on the set period, the system
will shutdown. Setting delay to “0” will disable the
function.
Shutdown
UPS
Select ON . When power on the UPS is almost
depleted, the UPS will shutdown by itself after the
ISC8P2G -S shutdown successfully. After power comes
back on, the UPS will start working and notify system
to boot up. Selecting OFF will not turn off the UPS
automatically.
Status
The status of UPS.
“Detecting…”
“Running”
“Unable to detect UPS ”
“Communication lost ”
“UPS reboot in progress ”
“UPS shutdown in progress ”
“Batteries failed. Please change them NOW! ”
Battery Level
(%)
Current percentage of battery level.
3.8 System maintenance
“Maintenance” allows the operation of system functions which include “System
information” to show the system version, “Upgrade” to the latest firmware,
“Reset to factory default” to reset all controller configuration values to factory
settings, “Import and export” to import and export all controller configuration,
“Event log” to view system event log to record critical e vents, and “Reboot and
shutdown” to either reboot or shutdown the system.
Figure 3.8.1
3.8.1
System information
“System i nformation” can display system information (including firmware
version), CPU type, installed system memory, and controller serial number.
Formatted
3.8.2
Upgrade
“Upgrade” allow you to upgrade the firmware. Prepare new firmware file named
“xxxx.bin” in l ocal hard drive, then click “
” to select the file. Click
“
”, it will pop up a message “Upgrade system now? If you
want to downgrade to the previous FW later (not recommend), export your
system configuration in advance”, click “Cancel” to export system co nfiguration
in advance, then click “OK” to start to upgrade firmware.
Figure 3.8.2.1
Formatted
Figure 3.8.2.2
Formatted
When upgrading, there is a progress bar running. After upgrade is completed, the
system must be manually rebooted to make the new firmware take effec t.
3.8.3
Reset to factory default
“Reset to factory default” allows user to reset controller to factory default
setting.
Figure 3.8.3.1
Reset to default value, the password is: supervisor, and IP address to default
DHCP.
Examples:
Default IP address: 192.168.10.50 (DHCP)
Default subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.10.254
3.8.4
Import and export
“Import and export” allows user to save system configuration values.
Figure 3.8.4.1
1.
2.
Import: Import all system configurations
configuration.
Export: Export all configurations to a file.
excluding
volume
Caution
“Import” will import all system configurations excluding
volume configuration; the current configurations will be
replaced.
3.8.5
Event log
“Event log” allows you to view the event messages. Check the checkbox of
INFO, WARNING, and ERROR to choose the level of display event log. Clicking
“
” button will save the whol e event log as a text file with file
name “log-ModelName-SerialNumber -Date-Time.txt” (e.g., log -ISC8P2G-S20090123-145542.txt). Click ”
” button to clear event log.
Click “
” button to stop alarm if there are system alerts.
Figure 3.8.5.1
Formatted
The event l og is displayed in reverse order which means the latest event log is
on the first page. The event logs are actually saved in the first four hard drives;
each hard drive has one copy of event log. For one controller, there are four
copies of event logs to m ake sure users can check event log any time when
there is/are failed disk(s).
Tips
Please plug-in any of the first four hard drives, then event logs
can be saved and displayed in next system boo t up. Otherwise,
the event logs would be disappeared.
3.8.6
Reboot and shutdown
“Reboot and s hutdown” displays “Reboot” and “Shutdown” buttons. Before
turning the power off, it’s best to execute “Shutdown” to flush the data from
cache to physical disks. This step is necessary for data protection.
Figure 3.8.6.1
3.9 Logout
For security reasons, “Logout” allows users to l ogout when no user is operating
the system. To log back in to the system, enter username and pa ssword again.
Formatted
Chapter 4 Advanced operation
4.1 Rebuild
If one of the physical disk o n the VG which was set to a protected RAID level
(e.g.: RAID 3, RAID 5, or RAID 6) has FAILED or has been unplugged/removed,
then, the VG status is changed to degraded mode. The system will
search/detect for a spare disk to rebuild the degraded V G. It will look for a
dedicated spare disk first and if none is found, it will check if a global spare disk
has been set up and use this disk for rebuild.
ISC8P2G-S supports Auto -Rebuild funct ion. If the RAID level set on the VG is
protected, such as RAID 3, RAID 5, RAID 6, and etc, ISC8P2G -S starts Auto Rebuild as shown on the scenario below:
Take RAID 6 for example:
1. When there is no global spare disk or dedicated spare disk on the system ,
ISC8P2G-S will be in degraded mode and wait until (A) there is one disk
assigned as spare disk, or (B) the failed disk is removed and replaced with new
clean disk, then the Auto -Rebuild starts. The new disk will be a spare disk to the
original VG automat ically.
a. If the new added disk is not clean (with data on it), it would be marked
as RS (reserved) and the system will not start "auto -rebuild".
b. If this disk does not belong to any existing VG, it would be FR (Free)
disk and the system will start Au to-Rebuild function.
c. If user only removes the failed disk and plugs the same failed disk in the
same slot again, the auto -rebuild will start. But rebuilding th e array using the
same failed disk may impact customer data later because of the unstable dis k
status. We suggest all customers not to rebuild the array using the same failed
disk for better data protection.
2. When there is enough global spare disk (s) or dedicated spare disk (s) for the
degraded array, ISC8P2G -S starts Auto -Rebuild immediately. A nd in RAID 6, if
there is another disk failure happening during the time of rebuilding, ISC8P2G -S
will start the above Auto -Rebuild scenario as well. And the Auto -Rebuild feature
only works at "RUNTIME". It will not work during downtime. Thus, it will not
conflict with the “Roaming” function.
In degraded mode, the status of VG is “DG”.
When rebuilding, the status of PD/VG/UDV is “R”; and “R%” in UDV will display
the ratio in percentage. After complete rebuilding, “R” and “DG” will disappear.
Tips
The list box doesn ’t exist if there is no VG or only VG of RAID
0, JBOD. This is because user cannot set dedicated spare disk
for these RAID levels.
Sometimes, rebuild is called recover. These two have the same meaning. The
table below lists the rel ationship between RAID levels and rebuild.
RAID 0
Disk striping . No protection of data . VG fails if any hard drive
fails or gets unplug.
RAID 1
Disk mirroring over 2 disks. RAID 1 allows one hard drive
failure or unplugging. Need one new hard drive to insert to the
system for rebuild to be completed.
N-way
mirror
Extension to RAID 1 level. It has N copies of the disk. N -way
mirror allows N -1 hard drive f ailures or unplugging.
RAID 3
Striping with parity on the dedicated disk. RAID 3 allows one
hard drive fail ure or unplugging.
RAID 5
Striping with interspersed parity over the member disks. RAID
5 allows one hard drive fail ure or unplugging.
RAID 6
2-dimensional parity protection over the member disks. RAID
6 allows two hard drive failure or unplugging. If it needs to
rebuild two hard drives at the same time, it will rebuild the first
one, then the other.
RAID 0+1
Mirroring of the members of the RAID 0 volumes. RAID 0+1
allows two hard drives to fail or gets unplugged, but the y need
to be part of the same array.
RAID 10
Striping over the members of the RAID 1 volumes. RAID 10
allows two hard drives to fail or gets unplugged, but the y need
to be part of different arrays.
RAID 30
Striping over the members of the RAID 3 volumes . RAID 30
allows two hard drives to fail or gets unplugged, but the y need
to be part of different arrays.
RAID 50
Striping over the member RAID 5 volumes . RAID 50 allows
two hard d rives to fail or gets unplugg ed, but the y need to be
part of different arrays.
RAID 60
Striping over the member RAID 6 volumes. RAID 40 allo ws
four hard drives to fail or gets unplugged, but each two need
to be part of different arrays.
JBOD
The abbrevia tion of “Just a Bunch Of Disks”. No protection of
data. VG fails if any hard drive fails or gets unplug.
4.2 RG migration
To migrate the RAID level, follow the steps below.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume config uration / RAID group” .
Move cursor to the gray button next to the RG number ; click “Migrate”.
Change the RAID level by clicking the down arrow to “RAID 5”. There
will be a pup -up which indicates that HDD is not enough to support the
new setting of RAID level, click “
” to increase hard
drives, then click “
“ to go back to setup page.
When doing migration to lower RAID level, such as the original RAID
level is RAID 6 and user wants to migrate to RAID 0, system will
evaluate whether this operation is safe or not, and appear a message
of "Sure to migrate to a lower protection array?” to give user
warning.
Figure 4.2.1
4.
Double check the setting of RAID level and RAID PD slot. If there is no
problem, click “
“.
Formatted
5.
6.
Finally a confirmation page shows the detail of RAID info rmation. If
there is no problem, click “
“ to start migration.
System also pops up a message of “Warning: power lost during
migration may cause damage of data!” to give user warning. When
the power is abnormally off during the migration, the data is in high risk.
Migration starts and it can be seen fro m the “status” of a RG wit h
“Migrating ”. In “/ Volume config uration / Virtual disk” , it display s a
“Migrating” in “Status” and complete percentage of migration in
“R%”.
Figure 4.2.2
Formatted
(Figure 4.2.2: A RAID 0 with 4 physical disks migrates to RAID 5 with 5 physical disks.)
Figure 4.2.3
(Figure 4.2.3: A RAID 0 migrates to RAID 5, the complete percentage is 14%.)
To do migration, the total size of RG must be larger or equal to the original RG. It
does not allow expanding the same RAID level with the sam e hard disks of
original RG.
The operation is not allowed when RG is being migrated. System would reject
following operations:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Add dedicated spare.
Remove a dedicated spare.
Create a new VD.
Delete a VD.
Extend a VD.
Scrub a VD.
Perform yet another migrat ion operation.
Scrub entire RG.
Take a new snapshot.
Delete an existing snapshot.
Export a snapshot.
Rollback to a snapshot.
Caution
RG Migration cannot be executed during rebuild or VD
extension.
Formatted
4.3 VD Extension
To extend VD size , follow the steps below.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume config uration / Virtual disk”.
Move cursor to the gr ay button next to the VD number; click “Extend”.
Change the size. The size must be larger than the original, and then
click “
“ to start extension .
Figure 4.3.1
4.
Formatted
Extension starts. If VD needs initialization, it will display an “Initiating”
in “Status” and complete percentage of initialization in “R%”.
Figure 4.3.2
(Figure 4.3.2: Extend VD-R5 from 20GB to 40GB.)
Tips
The size of VD extension must be larger than original.
Caution
VD Extension cannot be executed during rebuild or migration.
Formatted
4.4 Snapshot (QSnap) / Rollback
Snapshot-on-the-box (QSnap) captures the instant state of data in the target
volume in a logical sense. The underlying logic is Copy -on-Write -- moving out
the data which would be written to certain location where a write action occurs
since the time of data capture. The certain location, named as “ Snap VD” , is
essentially a new VD which can be attached to a LUN provisioned to a host as a
disk like other ordinary VDs in the system. Rollback restores the data back to its
previous state at a time the snapshot was captured. Snap VD is allocated within
the same RG in which the snapshot is taken, we suggest to reserve 20% of RG
size or more for snapshot space. Refer to Figure 4.4.1 for snapshot concept.
Figure 4.4.1
Caution
Snapshot / rollback features need 512MB RAM at least. Please
also refer to RAM certification l ist in Appendix A.
Formatted
4.4.1
Create snapshot volume
To take a snapshot of the data, follow the steps below.
1.
Select “/ Volume config uration / Virtual disk” .
2.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the VD number ; click “Set
snapshot space ”.
Set up the size for snapshot. The minimum size is suggested to be
20% of VD size, then click “
“. It will go ba ck to the
VD page and the size will show in the snapshot column. It may not be
the same as the number entered because some size is reserved for
snapshot’s internal usage. There will be 2 numbers in “Snapshot
(MB)” column. These numbers mean “Used snapshot space” and
“Total snapsho t space” .
There are two methods to take snapshot. In “/ Volume config uration /
Virtual disk” , move cursor to the gray button next to the VD number ;
click “Take snapshot ”. Or in “/ Volume config uration / Snapshot ”,
click “
”.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Enter a snapshot name, then cli ck “
”. A snapshot
VD is created.
Select “/ Volume config uration / Snapshot” to display all snapshot
VDs related to the VD .
Figure 4.4.1.1
Formatted
(Figure 4.4.1.1: This is Snap VD, but it is not exported.)
7.
8.
9.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the Snapshot V D number; click
“Export”. Enter a capacity for snapshot VD. If size is zero, the
exported snapshot VD will be read only. Otherwise, the exported
snapshot VD can be read/written, and the size will be the maximum
capacity to read/write.
Attach a LUN for snap shot VD. Please refer to the previous chapter for
attaching a LUN.
Done. It can be used as a disk.
Figure 4.4.1.2
(Figure 4.4.1.2: This is the list of “VD-01”. There are two snapshots in “VD-01”. Snapshot
VD “SnapVD-01” is exported to read only, “SnapVD-02” is exported to read/write.)
10. There are two methods to clean all snapshots. In “/ Volume
configuration / Virtual disk” , move cursor to the gray button next to
the VD number; click “Cleanup snapshot ”. Or in “/ Volume
configuration / Snapshot ”, click “
”.
11. Cleanup will delete all snapshots related to the VD and release
snapshot space.
Formatted
Snapshot has some constraints:
1.
2.
3.
4.
4.4.2
Minimum RAM size of enabling snapshot is 512MB.
For performance and future rollback, system saves snapshot with
names in sequences. For example, three snapshots has been taken
and named “SnapVD-01”(first), “SnapVD-02” and “SnapVD-03”(last).
When deleting “ SnapVD-02”, both of “ SnapVD-02” and “SnapVD-03”
will be deleted because “ SnapVD-03” is related to “ SnapVD-02”.
For resource management, maximum number of snapshots is 32.
If the snapshot space is full, system will send a warning message that
the space is full and the new taken snapshot will replace the oldest
snapshot in rotational sequence by executing auto snapshot, but new
snapshot can not be taken m anually because system does not know
which snapshot VDs can be deleted.
Auto snapshot
The snapshot copies can be taken manually or be schedule either hourly or daily.
Follow the steps below.
1.
2.
3.
There are two methods to set auto snapshot. In “/ Volume
configuration / Virtual disk” , move cursor to the gray button next to
the VD number ; click “Auto snapshot ”. Or in “/ Volume
configuration / Snapshot ”, click “
”.
The auto snapshot can be set monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly.
Done. It will take snapshots automatically.
Figure 4.4.2.1
(Figure 4.4.2.1: It will take snapshots every month, and keep the last 32 snapshot copies.)
Formatted
Tips
Daily snapshot wi ll be taken every 00:00. Weekly snapshot will
be taken every Sunday 00:00. Monthly snapshot will be taken
every first day of month 00:00.
4.4.3
Rollback
The data in snapshot VD can be roll back to original VD. Follow the steps below.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume c onfiguration / Snapshot”.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the Snap VD number which user
wants to rollback the data ; click “Rollback”.
Done, the data in snapshot VD will rollback to original VD.
Rollback has some constraints as describe d”
1.
2.
3.
4.
Minimum RAM size of enabling rollback is 512MB.
When making a rollback, the original VD cannot be accessed for a
while. At the same time, the system connects to original VD and the
snapshot VD, and then starts rollback.
During rollback, data from snapshot VD to ori ginal VD can be
accessed. At the same time, the other related snapshot VD(s) can not
be accessed.
After rollback, the other snapshot VD(s) after the VD rollback is
completed will be deleted.
Caution
Before executing rollback, it is best to dismount iSCSI drive for
data to be flashed from cache to disks. The system sends a
pop-up message when user executes rollback function .
4.5 Disk roaming
Physical disks can be re -sequenced in the same system or all physical disks be
moved from ISC8P2G -S system-1 to system-2. This is called disk roaming.
System can execute disk roaming online. Follow the steps below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select “/ Volume config uration / RAID group ”.
Move cursor to the gray bu tton next to the RG number ; click
“Deactivate”.
Move all PDs related to the RG to another system.
Move cursor to the gray button next to the RG number ; click
“Activate”.
Done.
Disk roaming has some constraints as described:
1.
2.
Check the firmware of two syst ems first. It is best that both ISC8P2G-S
systems have the same firmware version or newer.
All physical disks of related RG should be moved from system -1 to
system-2 together. The configuration of both RG and VD will be kept
but LUN configuration will be cleared in order to avoid conflict with
system-2.
4.6 Support Microsoft MPIO and MC/S
MPIO (Multi-Path Input/Output) and MC/S (Multiple Connections per Session)
use multiple physical path s to create logical "paths" between the server and the
storage device. In the case where one or more of these components fails,
causing the path to fail, multi -path logic uses an alternate path for I/O so
applications can still access their data.
Microsoft iSCSI initiator supports multi -path. Please f ollow the procedures to use
MPIO feature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
A host with dual LAN ports connects cables to controller.
Create a RG/VD and attach this VD to the host .
When installing “Microsoft iSCSI initiator ”, please install MPIO driver
at the same time.
Logon to target separately on each port. When logon to target, check
“Enable multi -path”.
MPIO mode can be selected on Targets à Details à Devices à
Advanced in Microsoft iSCSI initiator.
Rescan disk.
There will be one disk running MPIO.
Appendix
A. Certification list
•
RAM
ISC8P2G-S RAM Spec: 184pins, DDR333(PC2700), Reg.(register) or
UB(Unbufferred) , ECC or Non -ECC, from 64MB to 1GB, 32 -bit or 64-bit
data bus width, x8 or x16 devices, 9 to 11 bits column a ddress.
•
iSCSI Initiator (Software)
OS
Microsoft
Windows
Software/Release Number
Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator Release v2.05
System Requirements:
1.
Windows XP Professional with SP2
2.
Windows 2000 Server with SP4
3.
Windows Server 2003 with SP1
4.
Windows Server 2003 R2
Linux
The iSCSI Initiators are different for different Linux Kernels.
1.
2.
3.
Mac
For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 (Kernel 2.4), install linux-iscsi3.6.3.tar
For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 (Kernel 2.6), use the build-in
iSCSI initiator iscsi-initiator-utils-4.0.3.0-4 in k ernel 2.6.9
For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 (Kernel 2.6), use the build-in
iSCSI initiator iscsi-initiator-utils-6.2.0.695-0.7.e15 in kernel
2.6.18
ATTO XTEND 2.0x SAN / Mac iSCSI Initiator
GlobalSAN iSCSI Initiator v3.0
System Requirements:
1.
Mac® OS X v10.3.5 or later
For ATTO initiator, it is not free. Please contact your local distributor for
ATTO initiator.
•
iSCSI HBA card
Vendor
Adaptec
HP
QLogic
QLogic
Model
ASC-7211C (PCI-X, Gigabit, 1 port, TCP/IP offload, iSCSI offload)
NC380T (PCI-Express, Gigabit, 2 ports, TCP/IP offload, iSCSI
offload)
QLA4010C (PCI-X, Gigabit, 1 port, TCP/IP offload, iSCSI offload)
QLA4052C (PCI-X, Gigabit, 2 ports, TCP/IP offload, iSCSI offload)
For detailed setup steps of Q logic QLA4010C , please refer to Appendix G:
QLogic QLA4010C setup instructions.
•
NIC
Vendor
D-Link
HP
HP
IBM
Intel
Intel
Intel
•
Model
DGE-530T (PCI, Gigabit, 1 port)
NC7170 (PCI-X, Gigabit, 2 ports)
NC360T (PCI-Express, Gigabit, 2 ports, TCP/IP offload)
NetXtreme 1000 T (73P4201) (PCI-X, Gigabit, 2 ports, TCP/IP
offload)
PWLA8490MT (PCI-X, Gigabit, 1 port, TCP/IP offload)
PWLA8492MT (PCI-X, Gigabit, 2 ports, TCP/IP offload)
PWLA8494MT (PCI-X, Gigabit, 4 ports, TCP/IP offload)
GbE Switch
Vendor
Dell
Dell
Dell
HP
D-Link
Model
PowerConnect 5324
PowerConnect 2724
PowerConnect 2708
ProCurve 1800-24G
DGS-3024
•
Hard drive
ISC8P2G-S support SATA I, II disks.
Vendor
Hitachi
Hitachi
Hitachi
Hitachi
Hitachi
Maxtor
Maxtor
Samsung
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Model
Deskstar 7K250, HDS722580VLSA80, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA, 8M
Deskstar 7K80, HDS728080PLA380, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA II, 8M
Deskstar E7K500, HDS725050KLA360, 500G, 7200RPM, SATA II, 16M
Deskstar 7K80, HDS728040PLA320, 40G, 7200RPM, SATA II, 2M
Deskstar T7K500, HDT725032VLA360, 320G, 7200RPM, SATA II, 16M
DiamondMax Plus 9, 6Y080M0, 80G, 7200RPM, SATA, 8M
DiamondMax 11, 6H500F0, 500G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
SpinPoint P80, HDSASP0812C, 80GB•7200RPM, SATA, 8M
Barracuda 7200.7, ST380013AS, 80G, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 8M
Barracuda 7200.7, ST380817AS, 80G, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 8M,
NCQ
Barracuda 7200.8, ST3400832AS, 400G, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s,
8M, NCQ
Barracuda 7200.9, ST3500641AS, 500G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s,
16M, NCQ
NL35, ST3400633NS, 400G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
NL35, ST3500641NS, 500G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Barracuda ES, ST3500630NS, 500G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Barracuda ES, ST3750640NS, 750G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Barracuda ES.2, ST31000340NS, 1000G, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s,
32M
Caviar SE, WD800JD, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 8M
Caviar SE, WD1600JD, 160GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5G/s , 8M
Raptor, WD360GD, 36.7GB, 10000RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 8M
Caviar RE2, WD4000YR, 400GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 16M, NCQ
RE2, WD4000YS, 400GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Caviar RE16, WD5000AAKS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
RE2, WD5000ABYS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M, NCQ
B. Event notifications
•
PD/S.M.A.R.T. events
Level
•
Type
Info
Info
Warning
Disk inserted
Disk removed
S.M.A.R.T.
threshold exceed
condition
Warning
S.M.A.R.T.
information
Info: Disk <slot> is inserted.
Info: Disk <slot> is removed.
Warning: Disk <slot> S.M.A.R.T. threshold
exceed condition occurred for attribute of
1.
read error rate
2.
spin up time
3.
reallocated sector count
4.
seek error rate
5.
spin up retries
6.
calibration retries
Warning: Disk <slot>: Failure to get S.M.A.R.T
information
Physical HW events
Level
Warning
Error
Info
Info
Error
Error
Warning
•
Description
Type
ECC error
ECC error
ECC DIMM
Installed
Non-ECC installed
Host chip failure
Drive chip failure
Ethernet port failure
Description
Warning: Single-bit ECC error is detected.
Error: Multi-bit ECC error is detected.
Info: ECC Memory is installed.
Info: Non-ECC Memory is installed.
Error: Host channel chip failed.
Error: Drive channel chip failed.
Warning: GUI Ethernet port failed.
HDD IO events
Level
Warning
Warning
Warning
Warning
Type
Disk error
Disk error
HDD failure
Channel error
Description
Error: Disk <slot> read block error.
Error: Disk <slot> writes block error.
Error: Disk <slot> is failed.
Error: Disk <slot> IO incomplete.
•
SES events
Level
Info
Warning
Info
Info
•
Type
SES load conf. OK
SES Load Conf.
Failure
SES is disabled
SES is enabled
Description
Info: SES configuration has been loaded.
Error: Failed to load SES configuration. The
SES device is disabled.
Info: The SES device is disabled.
Info: The SES device is enabled
Environmental events
Level
Type
Info
Admin Login OK
Info
Admin Logout OK
Info
iSCSI data port
login
Warning
iSCSI data port
login reject
Error
Thermal critical
Warning
Thermal warning
Error
Voltage critical
Warning
Voltage warning
Info
Error
Info
Error
Error
Error
Info
Warning
Error
PSU restore
PSU Fail
Fan restore
Fan Fail
Fan non-exist
AC Loss
UPS Detection OK
UPS Detection Fail
AC Loss
Description
Info: Admin login from <IP or serial console> via
<Web UI or Console UI>.
Info: Admin logout from <IP or serial console>
via <Web UI or Console UI>.
Info: iSCSI login from <IQN> (<IP:Port
Number>) succeeds.
Warning: iSCSI login from <IQN> (<IP:Port
Number>) was rejected, reason of
1.
initiator error
2.
authentication failure
3.
authorization failure
4.
target not found
5.
unsupported version
6.
too many connections
7.
missing parameter
8.
session does not exist
9.
target error
10. out of resources
11. unknown
Error: System Overheated!!! The system will do
the auto shutdown immediately.
Warning: System temperature is a little bit
higher.
Error: System voltages failed!!! The system will
do the auto shutdown immediately
Warning: System voltage is a little bit
higher/lower.
Info: Power <number> is restored to work.
Error: Power <number> is out of work.
Info: Fan <number> is restore to work.
Error: Fan <number> is out of work.
Error: System cooling fan is not installed.
Error: AC loss for the system is detected.
Info: UPS detection succeed
Warning: UPS detection failed
Error: AC loss for the system is detected
Error
UPS power low
Info
Mgmt Lan Port
Active
Mgmt Lan Port
Failed
RTC Device OK
RTC Access Failed
Reset Password
Reset IP
Warning
Info
Warning
Info
Info
•
Info
Info
Error
Warning
Type
Sys Config.
Defaults Restored
Sys NVRAM OK
Sys NVRAM IO
Failed
Sys NVRAM is full
Description
Info: Default system configurations restored.
Info: The system NVRAM is active.
Error: Can’t access the system NVRAM.
Warning: The system NVRAM is full.
System maintenance events
Level
Info
Error
Info
Info
Info
Error
•
Warning: Fail to manage the system via the
LAN Port.
Info: RTC device is active.
Warning: Fail to access RTC device
Info: Reset Admin Password to default.
Info: Reset network settings set to default.
System config events
Level
•
Error: UPS Power Low!!! The system will do the
auto shutdown immediately.
Info: Management LAN Port is active.
Type
Firmware
Upgraded
Firmware
Upgraded Failed
System reboot
System shutdown
System Init OK
System Init Failed
Description
Info: System firmware has been upgraded
Error: System firmware upgrade failed.
Info: System has been rebooted
Info: System has been shutdown.
Info: System has been initialized OK.
Error: System cannot be initialized in the last
boot up.
LVM events
Level
Info
Warning
Info
Info
Warning
Info
Info
Warning
Info
Type
VG Created OK
VG Created Fail
VG Deleted
UDV Created OK
UDV Created Fail
UDV Deleted
UDV Attached OK
UDV Attached Fail
UDV Detached OK
Description
Info: VG <name> has been created.
Warning: Fail to create VG <name>.
Info: VG <name> has been deleted.
Info: UDV <name> has been created.
Warning: Fail to create UDV <name>.
Info: UDV <name> has been deleted.
Info: UDV <name> has been LUN-attached.
Warning: Fail to attach LUN to UDV <name>.
Info: UDV <name> has been detached.
Warning
UDV Detached Fail
Info
UDV_OP Rebuild
Started
UDV_OP Rebuild
Finished
UDV_OP Rebuild
Fail
UDV_OP Migrate
Started
UDV_OP Migrate
Finished
UDV_OP Migrate
Failed
VG Degraded
UDV Degraded
Info
Warning
Info
Info
Warning
Warning
Warning
Info
Warning
Warning
UDV Init OK
UDV_OP Stop
Initialization
UDV IO Fault
Warning
Warning
VG Failed
UDV Failed
Warning
Info
Global CV
Adjustment Failed
Global Cache
Global CV Creation
Failed
UDV Rename
Info
VG Rename
Info
Set VG Dedicated
Spare Disks
Set Global Disks
Info
Error
Info
Info
Info
Info
Info
Info
Info
Error
Error
Error
Error
UDV Read-Only
WRBK Cache
Policy
WRTHRU Cache
Policy
High priority UDV
Mid Priority UDV
Low Priority UDV
PD configuration
read/write error
PD read/write error
UDV recoverable
read/write error
UDV unrecoverable
read/write error
Warning: Fail to detach LUN from Bus
<number> SCSI_ID <number> LUN <number>.
Info: UDV <name> starts rebuilding.
Info: UDV <name> completes rebuilding.
Warning: Fail to complete UDV <name>
rebuilding.
Info: UDV <name> starts migration.
Info: UDV <name> completes migration.
Warning: Fail to complete UDV <name>
migration.
Warning: VG <name> is under degraded mode.
Warning: UDV <name> is under degraded
mode.
Info: UDV <name> completes the initialization.
Warning: Fail to complete UDV <name>
initialization.
Error: IO failure for stripe number <number> in
UDV <name>.
Error: Fail to access VG <name>.
Error: Fail to access UDV <name>.
Error: Fail to adjust the size of the global cache.
Info: The global cache is OK.
Error: Fail to create the global cache.
Info: UDV <name> has been renamed as
<name>.
Info: VG <name> has been renamed as
<name>.
Info: Assign Disk <slot> to be VG <name>
dedicated spare disk.
Info: Assign Disk <slot> to the Global Spare
Disks.
Info: UDV <name> is a read-only volume.
Info: Use the write-back cache policy for UDV
<name>.
Info: Use the write-through cache policy for UDV
<name>.
Info: UDV <name> is set to high priority.
Info: UDV <name> is set to mid priority.
Info: UDV <name> is set to low priority.
Error: PD <slot> lba <#> length <#> config
<read | write> failed.
Error: PD <#> lba <#> length <#> <read | write>
error.
Error: UDV <name> stripe <#> PD <#> lba <#>
length <#> <read | write> recoverable
Error: UDV <#> stripe <#> PD <#> lba <#>
length <#> <read | write> unrecoverable
Info
UDV stripe rewrite
start/fail/succeed
Info: UDV <name> stripe <#> rewrite column
bitmap <BITMAP> <started | failed | finished>.
C. Known issues
1.
Microsoft MPIO is not supported on Windows XP or Windows 2000
Professional.
Workaround solution:
Using Windows Server 2008 , 2003 or
Windows 2000 server to run MPIO.
D. Microsoft iSCSI Initiator
Here is the step -by-step procedure to setup Microsoft iSCSI Initiator. Visit
Microsoft website for latest iSCSI initiator.
1.
2.
Run Micro soft iSCSI Initiator version 2.0 8. See Figure D.1.
Click “Discovery”.
Figure D.1
3.
Click “Add”. Input IP address or DNS name of ISC8P2G . Please see
Figure D.2.
Figure D.2
4.
Click “OK”. Please see Figure D.3.
Figure D.3
5.
Click “Targets”. Please see Figure D.4.
6.
Click “Log On”. Please see Figure D.5. Check “Enable multi -path” if
running MPIO.
Figure D.4
Figure D.5
7.
Click “Advance …” if CHAP information is needed. Please see Figure
D.6.
Figure D.6
8.
Click “OK”. The status would b e “Connected”. Please see Figure D.7.
Figure D.7
9.
Done. You can connect to the iSCSI disk.
The following steps shows how to log off iSCSI dri ve.
1.
Click “Details”. Please see Figure D.8.
Figure D.8
2.
3.
4.
Check the Identifier, which will be d eleted.
Click “Log off”.
Done. The iSCSI drive was log off successfully.
E. MPIO and MC/S setup instructions
Here is the step -by-step procedure to setup MPIO. There are 2 kinds of
scenarios for MPIO. Please see Figure F.1. We suggest using scenario 2 for
better performance.
ž
Network diagram of MPIO.
Figure F.1
Below are the setup instructions.
Microsoft MPIO is NOT supported on Windows XP or Windows 2000
Professional.
Workaround solution: Using Windows Server 2003, 2008 or Windows
2000 server to run MPIO. You have to enable MPIO or install MPIO driver on the
server before doing this instruction.
On a Windows Server 2008, to install MPIO
1. In the Server Manager console tree, click Features node.
2. In the Features pane, under Features Su mmary, click Add
Features.
3. In the Add Features wizard, select Multipath I/O check box,
and click Next.
4. Follow the steps on the Add Features wizard.
1. Create a VG with RAID 5, using 3 HDDs.
Figure F.2
2. Create a UDV by using RAID 5 VG.
Figure F.3
3. Run Microsoft iSCSI initiator and check the Initiator Node Name.
Figure F.4
4. Attached LUN to R5 UDV. Input the Initiator Node Name in Host field.
Figure F.5
5. The volume config setting is done .
Figure F.6
6. Check iSCSI settings. The IP address of iSCSI data port
192.168.1.113, port 2 is 192.168.1.112 for example.
Figure F.7
7. Add Target Portals on Microsoft iSCSI initiator.
Figure F.8
1 is
8. Input the IP address of iSCSI data port 1 (192.16 8.1.112 as mentioned in
previous page ).
Figure F.9
9. Add second Target Portals on Microsoft iSCSI initiator.
Figure F.10
10. Input the IP address of iSCSI data port 2 (192.16 8.1.113 as mentioned in
previous page ).
Figure F.11
11. The initiator setting is d one.
Figure F.12
12. Log on.
Figure F.13
13. Enable “Enable multi-path” checkbox. Then click “Advanced”.
Figure F.14
14. Select Target Portal to iSCSI data port 1 (192.168.1.112). Then click
“OK”
Figure F.15
15. Log on “Enable multi -path” again.
Figure F.16
16. Enable “Enable multi -path” checkbox. Then click “Advanced…” .
Figure F.17
17. Select Target Portal to iSCSI data port 2 (192.168.1.113). Then select
“OK”
Figure F.18
18. The iSCSI drive is connected.
19. After the MPIO feature has been enabled, configure MPIO through the
tool in Administrative Tools.
20. The MPIO Properties window opens.
Figure F.19
21. Click on the Discover Multi -Paths tab.
Figure F.20
22. Check the option of Add support for iSCSI device and click on Add button.
Figure F.21
23. The system will ask you to reboot to make the change take e ffect.
Figure F.22
24. After reboot, log on the iSCSI target again. Under Disk Driver in Device
Manager, notice that the Addonics iSCSI is now a Multi -Path Disk Device.
Figure F.23
25. Connect to the iSCSI device.
Figure F.24
26. Click “Details”.
Figure F.25
27. Click “Device” tab, then click “Advanced”.
Figure F.26
28. The Device Details window opens
Figure F.26
29. Click “MPIO” tab, select “Fail Over Only” to “Round Robin” .
Figure F.27
30. Click “Apply”. Both connections Type now becomes Active.
Figure F.28
The MC/S setup instructions is very similar to MPIO. Detailed steps are
presented below. For the target side setting, the steps are exactly the same as
MPIO. Please refer to Figure F.1 to Figure F.8 .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Create a VG with RAID 5, using 3 HDDs.
Create a UDV by using RAID 5 VG.
Run Microsoft iSCSI initiator 2.0 8 and check the Initiator Node Name.
Attach LUN to R5 UDV. Input the Initiator Node Name in Host field.
The volume config setting is done.
Check iSCSI settings. The IP addr ess of iSCSI data port 1 is
192.168.1.112 and port 2 is 192.168.1. 113 for example.
Add Target Portals on Microsoft iSCSI initiator 2.03.
Input the IP address of iSCSI data port 1 (192.168.1. 112 as m entioned
in previous page s). For MC/S, there is only ONE “Target Portal” in the
“Discovery” tab.
Figure F.1
9.
Click Log On button.
10. Then click “Advanced…”.
Figure F.2
11. Select Local Adapter, Source IP, and Target Portal to iSCSI data port 1
(192.168.1.112). Then click “OK”.
Figure F.3
12. After connected , click “Details”, then in the “Session” tab, click
“Connections” .
Figure F.4
13. Choose “Round Robin” for Load Balance Policy
Figure F.5
14. “Add” Source Portal for the iSCSI data port 2(192.168.1.113)
Figure F.6
Figure F.7
15. Click on the Advance button. Select Local adapter, Source IP, and
Target Portal to iSCSI data port 2 (192.168.1.113). Then select “OK”.
Click OK.
Figure F.8
16. The MC/S setting is done .
E. QLogic QLA4010C setup instructions
The following is the step -by-step setup of Q logic QLA4010C.
1.
Log on the iSCSI HBA Manager and the current state shows “No
Connection Active” .
Figure G.1
2.
Click “Target settings” . Then select the target and click “Config
Parameters”.
Figure G.2
3.
Disable “Immediate Data” and enable “Initial R2T” .
Figure G.3
4.
Click “OK”.
Figure G.4
5.
Click “Save settings” and click “Yes” on next page.
Figure G.5
6.
Click “Refresh” and find a new target with iSCSI name.
Figure G.6
7.
Check the parameters . “Initial R2T” are must be enabled.
Figure G.7
8.
Check “Target Information” again and the state change d to “Session
Active”.
Figure G.8
9.
Then, run “Computer Management” in Windows. Make sure the disk
appears.
Figure G.9
G. Installation Steps for Large Volume (TB)
Introduction:
The ISC8P2G-S is capable of support ing large volumes (>2TB). When
connecting controllers to 64bit OS installed host/server, the host/server is
inherently capable for large v olumes from the 64bit address. On the other side, if
the host/server is installed with 32bit OS, user has to change the block size to
1KB, 2KB or 4KB to support volumes up to 4TB, 8TB or 16TB , for the 32bit
host/server is not LBA (Logical Block Addressing ) 64-bit supported. For detailed
installation steps, check below.
Step A: configure your target
1.
Go to / Volume config / Volume group , create a VG.
Figure H.1
2.
Choose RAID level an d disks.
Figure H.2
3.
Confirm VG settings.
Figure H.3
4.
A RAID 6 VG is created.
Figure H.4
5.
Go to / Volume config / User data volume , create a UDV
Figure H.5
6.
Setup capacity, stripe height, and block size for UDV.
Figure H.6
Tips
When the OS is 64bit, user can set the block size to any
available value. If the OS is 32bit, user must change the block
size to values larger than 512B. There will be a confirmation
pop-up when UDV size is over 2TB.
Figure H.7:
(Figure H.7: choose “OK” for 64bit OS, choose “Cancel” for 32bit OS, this step will
change block size to 4K automatically.)
7.
A 2.793TB UDV is created.
Figure H.8: a 2793G UDV is created.
8.
Check the detail information.
Figure H.9
(Figure H.9: block size = 512B, for 64bit OS setting.)
Figure H.10
(Figure H.10: block size = 4K, for 32bit OS setting.)
9.
Attach LUN.
Figure H.11
Figure H.12
(Figure H.12: Left: P series; Right: S series attach LUN.)
Step B: configure your host/server
1.
You need to setup software iscsi initiat or or iSCSI HBA first.
2.
Below is the configuration for Windows Server 2003 R2 with Microsoft
iscsi initiator. Please install the latest Microsoft iscsi initiator from the
link below.
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=12cb3c1a 15d6-4585-b385-befd1319f825&displaylang=en
Figure H.13
(Figure H.13: Run MS iSCSI initiator, go to “Discovery” tab, add target portal (iSCSI data).)
Figure H.14
(Figure H.14: go to “Targets” tab, click “Refresh”, and then “Log On…” the target.)
Figure H.15
(Figure H.15: Status is “Connected”, the initiator setting is done.)
Step C: Initialize/Format/Mount the disk
1. Go to Start à Control Panel à Computer Management à Device
Manger à Disk drives
Figure H.16
(Figure H.16: Disk drive status of ISC8P2G-S.)
2.
Go to Start à Control Panel à Computer Management à Disk
Management, it displays a new disk.
Figure H.17
3.
Initialize disk.
Figure H.18
4.
Convert to GPT disk for over 2TB capacity. For more detail information
about
GPT,
please
visit
http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/device/storage/GPT_FAQ.mspx
Figure H.19
5.
Format disk.
Figure H.20
6.
Format disk is done.
Figure H.21
7.
The new disk is ready, available size = 2.72TB.
Figure H.22
Caution
If the user has setup 512B as block size for UDV and the
host/server OS is 32bit, in the last step of formatting disk, user
will find OS cannot format the area after 2048GB (2TB).
8.
Wrong setting result: OS cannot format area after 2048GB(2TB).
Figure H.23
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