Rockwell Automation PicoTM Controller 1760 User manual

Pico Controllers
Bulletin 1760
User Manual
Important User Information
Solid state equipment has operational characteristics differing from those of
electromechanical equipment. Safety Guidelines for the Application,
Installation and Maintenance of Solid State Controls (Publication SGI-1.1
available from your local Rockwell Automation sales office or online at
http://www.ab.com/manuals/gi) describes some important differences
between solid state equipment and hard-wired electromechanical devices.
Because of this difference, and also because of the wide variety of uses for
solid state equipment, all persons responsible for applying this equipment
must satisfy themselves that each intended application of this equipment is
acceptable.
In no event will Rockwell Automation, Inc. be responsible or liable for
indirect or consequential damages resulting from the use or application of
this equipment.
The examples and diagrams in this manual are included solely for illustrative
purposes. Because of the many variables and requirements associated with
any particular installation, Rockwell Automation, Inc. cannot assume
responsibility or liability for actual use based on the examples and diagrams.
No patent liability is assumed by Rockwell Automation, Inc. with respect to
use of information, circuits, equipment, or software described in this manual.
Reproduction of the contents of this manual, in whole or in part, without
written permission of Rockwell Automation, Inc. is prohibited.
Throughout this manual, when necessary we use notes to make you aware of
safety considerations.
WARNING
IMPORTANT
ATTENTION
Identifies information about practices or circumstances
that can cause an explosion in a hazardous environment,
which may lead to personal injury or death, property
damage, or economic loss.
Identifies information that is critical for successful
application and understanding of the product.
Identifies information about practices or circumstances
that can lead to personal injury or death, property
damage, or economic loss. Attentions help you:
• identify a hazard
• avoid a hazard
• recognize the consequence
SHOCK HAZARD
Labels may be located on or inside the equipment (e.g.,
drive or motor) to alert people that dangerous voltage may
be present.
BURN HAZARD
Labels may be located on or inside the equipment (e.g.,
drive or motor) to alert people that surfaces may be
dangerous temperatures.
Summary of Changes
The information below summarizes the changes to this manual since
the last printing as publication 1760-UM001C-EN-P, April 2005.
To help you locate new and updated information in this release of the
manual, we have included change bars as shown to the right of this
paragraph.
Catalog Number Release
History
The following table shows the history of Pico catalog numbers.
Description
Released June 2000
Release August 2001
Release March 2005
120/240V ac Pico
1760-L12AWA
1760-L18AWA-EX
1760-L18AWA-EXND
1760-L12BWB
1760-L12BWB-ND
1760-L12BBB
1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12AWA-NC
1760-L12AWA-ND
1760-L18AWA
24V dc Pico
1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
12V dc Pico
1760-L12DWD
1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L12DWD-ND
24V ac Pico
1760-L12NWN
1760-L12NWN-ND
1760-L18NWN-EX
1760-L18NWN-EXND
Expansion Modules
1760-IA12XOW4I
1760-IB12XOB8
1760-IB12XOW6I
1760-RPLCONN
Expansion Module Connector(1)
Memory Modules
1760-IA12XOW6I
1760-MM1
1760-MM2B
1760-MM2
Input/Output Simulator
1760-SIM
Programming Software
1760-PICOSOFT
Programming Cable
1760-CBL-PM02
(1) Included with expansion module. Catalog Number is listed as a replacement part.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Summary of Changes
2
New Information
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
The table below lists sections where new information has been added.
For This New Information
See
Changed Catalog Number 1760-L12NWA and 1760-L18NWA to
1760-L12NWN and 1760-L18NWN.
Throughout
manual
Changed inputs to 24V ac.
page A-5
Table of Contents
Preface
Who Should Use this Manual. . . . . . . . . . .
Purpose of this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Common Techniques Used in this Manual .
Rockwell Automation Support . . . . . . . . . .
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Preface-1
Preface-1
Preface-2
Preface-3
Chapter 1
System Overview
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Hardware Versions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Operating Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Chapter 2
Installation
Prevent Electrical Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
European Communities (EC) Directive Compliance
Connect the Expansion Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mount the Pico Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install the Remote Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wire Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect the Incoming Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use Surge Suppressors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect the Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect Outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect Relay Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect Transistor Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2-1
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-6
2-8
2-9
2-12
2-14
2-22
2-22
2-24
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3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
Chapter 3
Commission the Pico
Power On Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set the Menu Language . . . . . . . . . .
Modes of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create a Circuit Diagram (Program) .
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Chapter 4
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico Pico Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Work with Contacts and Relays . . . . . . . .
Function Relay Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example with Timing and Counter Relays
Timing Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Counter Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High Speed Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Time Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Comparators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Text Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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4-8
4-19
4-21
4-26
4-32
4-36
4-42
4-47
4-50
4-53
4-55
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Table of Contents
ii
Chapter 5
Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
Interface to Memory Module and Programming Cable . . . . 5-1
Memory Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
PicoSoft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Chapter 6
Pico System Settings
Password Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change the Menu Language . . . . . . . . . .
Change Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Date, Time, and Daylight Saving Time
Change Between Winter/Summer Time
(Daylight Saving Time) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Activate Debounce (Input Delay). . . . . . .
Activate and Deactivate P-Buttons . . . . . .
Start-Up Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Cycle Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display Device Information . . . . . . . . . . .
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6-1
6-6
6-7
6-9
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6-10
6-10
6-11
6-12
6-14
6-15
6-17
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7-1
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-8
7-14
Chapter 7
Retention
What is Retention?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Retention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete Retentive Actual Values . . . . . . . .
Transfer Retentive Behavior. . . . . . . . . . .
Retentive Auxiliary Relays (Markers) . . . .
Retentive Timing Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retentive Up/Down Counters C7 and C8 .
Chapter 8
Inside Pico
Circuit Diagram Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Determine Cycle Time of Circuit Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Delay Times for Inputs and Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Chapter 9
Use of Expansion Modules
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Module Status Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
Chapter 10
Troubleshoot Your Controller
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Messages from the Pico System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Possible Situations When Creating Circuit Diagrams . . . . . . 10-2
Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Table of Contents
iii
Chapter 11
DC Simulator
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
Installation Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Appendix A
Specifications
Physical Specifications. . . . . .
Environmental Specifications .
Electrical Specifications . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cycle Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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A-1
A-1
A-2
A-3
A-5
A-10
A-13
A-14
Appendix B
Circuit Diagram Form
Glossary
Index
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Table of Contents
iv
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Preface
Read this preface to familiarize yourself with the rest of the manual. It
provides information concerning:
•
•
•
•
•
Who Should Use this
Manual
who should use this manual
the purpose of this manual
related documentation
conventions used in this manual
Rockwell Automation support
Use this manual if you are responsible for designing, installing,
programming, or troubleshooting control systems that use Pico
controllers.
You should have a basic understanding of electrical circuitry and
familiarity with relay logic. If you do not, obtain the proper training
before using this product.
Purpose of this Manual
This manual is a reference guide for Pico controllers. It describes the
procedures you use to install, wire, and troubleshoot Pico.
Refer to publication 1760-GR001, Pico Controller Getting Results
Manual for a basic overview of Pico and an introduction to Pico
programming.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Preface
2
Related Documentation
The following documents contain additional information concerning
Rockwell Automation products. To obtain a copy, contact your local
Rockwell Automation office or distributor.
For
Read this Document
Document Number
A basic overview of Pico and an introduction to Pico programming.
Pico Controller Getting Results
Manual
1760-GR001
In-depth information on grounding and wiring Allen-Bradley
programmable controllers
Allen-Bradley Programmable
Controller Grounding and Wiring
Guidelines
1770-4.1
A description of important differences between solid-state
programmable controller products and hard-wired electromechanical
devices
Application Considerations for
Solid-State Controls
SGI-1.1
An article on wire sizes and types for grounding electrical equipment
National Electrical Code - Published by the National Fire
Protection Association of Boston, MA.
A complete listing of current documentation, including ordering
instructions. Also indicates whether the documents are available on
CD-ROM or in multi-languages.
Allen-Bradley Publication Index
SD499
A glossary of industrial automation terms and abbreviations
Allen-Bradley Industrial Automation
Glossary
AG-7.1
Common Techniques Used
in this Manual
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
The following conventions are used throughout this manual:
• Bulleted lists such as this one provide information, not
procedural steps.
• Numbered lists provide sequential steps or hierarchical
information.
Preface
Rockwell Automation
Support
3
Rockwell Automation offers support services worldwide, with over 75
Sales/Support Offices, 512 authorized Distributors and 260 authorized
Systems Integrators located throughout the United States alone, plus
Rockwell Automation representatives in every major country in the
world.
Local Product Support
Contact your local Rockwell Automation representative for:
•
•
•
•
sales and order support
product technical training
warranty support
support service agreements
Technical Product Assistance
If you need to contact Rockwell Automation for technical assistance,
please review the Troubleshooting section on page 10-1 in this
manual first. Then call your local Rockwell Automation representative.
You can also find a local Rockwell Automation Technical Support
contact at:
• http://support.automation.rockwell.com/contactinformation/
Your Questions or Comments on this Manual
If you find a problem with this manual, or you have any suggestions
for how this manual could be made more useful to you, please
contact us at the address below:
Rockwell Automation
Control and Information Group
Technical Communication, Dept. A602V
P.O. Box 2086
Milwaukee, WI 53201-2086
or visit our internet page at:
http://www.ab.com/pico or http://www.rockwellautomation.com
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Preface
4
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
1
System Overview
Overview
Pico is an electronic control relay with built-in logic, timer, counter,
and real-time clock functions. Pico is a control and input device that
can perform a variety of tasks in building and machine applications.
Pico is programmed using ladder diagrams. Each programming
element is entered directly via the Pico display. For example, you can:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
connect make and break contacts in series and in parallel,
connect output relays and markers,
define outputs as relays, flip-flop relays or latching relays,
select timing relays with different functions,
assign eight up and down counters,
display text with variables,
track the flow of current in the program, and
load, save and password-protect programs.
Most controllers also offer a real-time clock, allowing up to 32
separate on and off times.
The dc versions can receive analog signals at two inputs and evaluate
the signals with eight analog comparators.
If you prefer to program Pico from a PC, use PicoSoft programming
software. PicoSoft allows you to create and test your programs on the
PC. It also enables you to print out your programs in DIN, ANSI or
Pico format.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1-2
System Overview
Hardware Versions
Pico Controllers
1
7
2
Del
Alt
3
4
8
Esc
7
Del
Ok
5
Alt
8
Esc
6
Ok
5
8
3
5
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Item
Description
1
Incoming Power
2
Inputs
3
Status LED
4
Buttons
5
Socket for memory module or PC interface cable
6
Outputs
7
LCD display
8
Write-On Surface
System Overview
1-3
Pico controllers are available for 12V dc, 24V dc, 24V ac and 120/240V
ac operation and come in both 12-I/O and 18-I/O sizes. Pico is
available with and without a real-time clock, and with and without a
display and keypad. See the following table for details.
Catalog Number
Inputs
Outputs
Line Power
Real Time
Clock
Display and
Keypad
Analog
1760-L12AWA
8 (100 to 240V ac)
4 (relay)
100 to 240V ac
Yes
Yes
No
1760-L12AWA-NC(1)
No
Yes
1760-L12AWA-ND(2)
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
1760-L18AWA-EX(3)
Yes
Yes
1760-L18AWA-EXND(2)(3)
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
1760-L12BWB-NC(1)
No
Yes
1760-L12BWB-ND(2)
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
1760-L18AWA
1760-L12BWB
12 (100 to 240V ac)
8 (24V dc)
1760-L12BBB
6 (relay)
4 (relay)
24V dc
4 (MOSFET)
1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12NWN
8 (24V ac)
4 (relay)
24V ac
1760-L12NWN-ND
1760-L12DWD
8 (12V dc)
12V dc
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L18BWB-EX(3)
12 (24V dc)
6 (relay)
24V dc
2 (0 to 10V dc)
2 (0 to 10V dc)
1760-L18BWB-EXND(2)(3)
6 (relay)
Yes
No
2 (0 to 10V dc)
1760-L20BBB-EX(3)
8 (MOSFET)
Yes
Yes
4 (0 to 10V dc)
1760-L20BBB-EXND(2)(3)
8 (MOSFET)
Yes
No
6 (relay)
12V dc
Yes
Yes
6 (relay)
12V dc
Yes
No
12 (24V ac)
6 (relay)
24V ac
Yes
Yes
1760-L18NWN-EXND(2)(3) 12 (24V ac)
6 (relay)
Yes
No
1760-L18DWD-EX(3)
12 (12V dc)
1760-L18DWD-EXND(2)(3)
1760-L18NWN-EX(3)
4 (0 to 10V dc)
(1) NC = no real time clock
(2) ND = no display
(3) EX = suitable for use with expansion modules
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1-4
System Overview
Expansion Modules
2
1
3
5
3
4
Item
Description
1
Incoming Power
2
Inputs
3
Write-On Surface
4
Outputs
5
Status LED
Use Pico expansion modules with Pico ’-EX’ models to increase your
I/O capacity. The following modules are available.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Catalog Number
Inputs
Outputs
Line Power
1760-IA12XOW6I
12 (100 to 240V ac) 6 (relay)
100 to 240V ac
1760-IA12XOW4I
12 (100 to 240V ac) 4 (relay)
100 to 240V ac
1760-IB12XOW6I
12 (24V dc)
6 (relay)
24V dc
1760-IB12XOB8
12 (24V dc)
8 (transistor)
24V dc
1760-OW2
-
2 (relay)
24V dc
System Overview
1-5
Expansion modules connect directly to the Pico controller as shown
below.
Expansion Module Connector(1)
(replacement part 1760-RPLCONN)
Pico Controller:
1760-L18AWA-EX
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L18AWA-EXND
1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
ATTENTION
Expansion Module:
1760-IA12XOW6I
1760-IB12XOB8
1760-IA12XOW4IF
1760-IB12XOW6I
1760-OW2
(1) Included with expansion module. Catalog
Number is listed as a replacement part.
Electrical isolation is provided between the Pico
controller and the expansion module as follows:
• Basic Isolation: 400V ac (+10%)(1)
• Reinforced Isolation 240V ac (+10%)(2)
The controller and expansion units may be
destroyed if the potential between them exceeds the
Basic Isolation value provided. This may cause your
entire system or machine to malfunction.
(1) Basic Insulation - An insulation system which provides a minimal level of protection against electric shock up to
a stated voltage level. Refer to EN 61131-2 for additional information.
(2) Reinforced Insulation - An insulation system comprised of basic and supplemental insulation. This provides
protection against electric shock up to a stated voltage level and is tolerant of a single fault. Refer to EN
61131-2 for additional information.
TIP
The Pico controller and the expansion module can
be of different voltage types.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1-6
System Overview
Remote Processor
Remote Processor Features
1
2
1. 24V dc Voltage supply
2. Interface Terminal (with cover) for connecting cable
Operating Principles
Operating Buttons
Del
Esc
Alt
Ok
Button
Function
Del
Delete object in the circuit diagram
Alt
Special functions in the circuit diagram
Cursor
Buttons
Move cursor
Select menu item
Choose contact numbers, values, times, etc.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Ok
Next menu level, store your entry
Esc
Previous menu level, cancel your entry
System Overview
1-7
Using Menus to Choose Values
Press
To
Show system menu
Del
and
Alt
together
• Go to next menu level.
• Select menu item.
Ok
• Store your entry.
• Return to last menu level.
• Cancel your entry since the last Ok.
Esc
• Change menu item.
• Change value.
• Change position.
Cursor Button Set to P-Button Function (if enabled)
• Left Arrow = Input P1
• Right Arrow = Input P3
• Up Arrow = Input P2
• Down Arrow = Input P4
Selecting the Main and System Menus
1760-L12xxx Status Display
Inputs
I12345678
MO
12:50
Outputs
Q1234
On
RUN
Weekday
Time
RUN/STOP Mode
Off
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1-8
System Overview
1760-L18xxx Status Display
Inputs
Weekday/Time
Outputs
12...........
MO 02:00
..34....
RUN
RUN/STOP Mode
Inputs 1 and 2 ON
Outputs 3 and 4 ON
1760-L18xxx-EX and 1760-L20xxx Status Display for Expansion Module
Inputs
Expansion
Weekday/Time
Outputs
1..........12
RS
AC P-
AC Expansion OK/P Buttons
MO 10:42 ST
1.......8
RS = Expansion functioning correctly
AC = AC expansion functioning correctly
DC = DC expansion correctly
LED Indicators
Catalog numbers 1760-L12AWA-ND, 1760-L12BWB-ND, 1760-L18xxx,
1760-L20BBB-EXND, 1760-IA12XOW6I, 1760-IB12XOB8,
1760-IA12XOW4I and 1760-IB12XOW6I all feature an LED indicator
on the front that shows the status of the incoming power as well as
Run or Stop status.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
LED Indicator Status
Indicates
LED OFF
No power
LED continuously lit
Power present, Stop mode
LED flashing
Power present, Run mode
System Overview
1-9
Menu Structure
Main Menu Without Optional Password Protection
STOP: Circuit diagram menu
RUN: Power flow display
PROGRAM...
STOP RUN å
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
RUN
STOP
PROGRAM
DELETE PROG
CARD ...
PROGRAM...
STOP RUN
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
PROGRAM...
RUN
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
RUN
DEVICE->CARD
CARD->DEVICE
DELETE CARD
REPLACE ?
DEVICE->CARD
CARD->DEVICE
DELETE CARD
STOP
T1 X
T2 Ü
C1 N
O1
DELETE ?
DEVICE->CARD
CARD->DEVICE
DELETE CARD
S +
M:S +
+
+
Parameter Display
DC TC LCD
OS: 1.00.027
CRC: 02752
PROGRAM...
RUN
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
Parameters
PROGRAM
DELETE PROG
CARD ...
PROGRAM
DELETE PROG
CARD ...
PROGRAM...
STOP RUN
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
Parameter
Display
Circuit Diagram
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
REPLACE ?
DELETE ?
T1 X
S +
S1 10.000
S2 +0
T:
Information Display of Device
Display for
Setting Clock
HH:MM --:--
HH:MM 14:23
DD.MM --.----YEAR
DD.MM 17.03
2004
YEAR
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1-10
System Overview
Main Menu Setting Summer Time
PROGRAM...
RUN
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
NONE
RULE...
EU
GB
US
å
NONE
RULE...
EU
GB
US
SUMMER START
SUMMER END
AM
HH:MM
---DD.MM:00.00
HH.MM:00:00
DIFF: 0:00
NONE
RULE...
EU
GB
US
NONE
RULE...
EU
GB
US
SUMMER START
SUMMER END
SUMMER START
SUMMER END
AM
HH:MM
---DD.MM:00.00
HH.MM:00:00
DIFF: 0:00
Main Menu with Password Protection
Main Menu
PASSWORD... Unlock
RUN
PARAMETER
INFO...
SET CLOCK
Password Entry
Password
Correct Entry
Status Display
PASSWORD...
RUN
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Four Wrong
Entries
DELETE ALL
System Overview
1-11
System Menu
System
sECURITY...
SYSTEM...
LANGUAGE ...
CONFIGURATOR
Password Entry
Set Password
Password
RANGE...
DEBOUNCE OFF
P ON
STOP MODE
DEBOUNCE OFF
DEBOUNCE OFF
P ON
STOP MODE
DEBOUNCE OFF
P ON
STOP MODE
DEBOUNCE OFF
P ON
STOP MODE
(2)
RETENTION ON
SECURITY...
SYSTEM...
LANGUAGE...
CONFIGURATOR
ENTER PASSW:
XXXX
CHANGE PW
ACTIVATE PW
PROGRAM
å
PARAMETER
CLOCK
OPRTNG MODE
INTERFACE
DELETE FUNCT
Password
RANGE...
SECURITY...
SYSTEM...
LANGUAGE...
CONFIGURATOR
CHANGE PW
ACTIVATE PW
Change Password
ACTIVATE PW
CHANGE PW
SECURITY...
SYSTEM...
LANGUAGE...
CONFIGURATOR
ENTER PASSW:
XXXX
DEBOUNCE ON
PROGRAM
PARAMETER
CLOCK
OPRTNG MODE
INTERFACE
DELETE FUNCT
å
å
å
å
å
å
P ON
P OFF
MODE: STOP
MODE: RUN
RETENTION ON (2)
RETENTION OFF (2)
ENGLISH
DEUTSCH
FRANCAIS
ESPANOL
ITALIANO
PORTUGUES
NEDERLANDS
SVENSKA
POLSKI
TURKCE
CESKY
MAGYAR
(1) Only for Pico 1760-L18xxx
(2) Only for Pico 1760-L12BWB-xx,
-L12DWD and -L18xxx.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1-12
System Overview
Selecting or Toggling Between Menu Items
Cursor up or down
PROGRAM ...
RUN
PARAMETER
INFO
Highlighted
choice flashes
Select or Toggle
Ok
Cursor Display
There are two different cursor types: flashing block and flashing
cursor.
HH:MM
14:23
DD.MM
YEAR
17.03
2004
Full block navigation is shown as a flashing block:
• Move cursor with the left/right arrows
• In circuit diagram also with up/down arrows
HH:MM
14:23
DD.MM
YEAR
17.03
2004
Parameter change cursor flashes the selected parameter:
• Change position with left/right arrows
• Change values with up/down arrows
Flashing values/menus are highlighted in grey in this manual.
Setting Values
Change value = up/down arrows
Move cursor between parameters = left/right
arrows
Ok
Esc
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Stores Entries
Retain previous value
HH:MM
14:23
DD.MM
YEAR
17.03
2004
Left/right arrow moves the
cursor between the day and
time digits.
Up/down arrow changes the
value of the parameter.
Up arrow = increment
Down arrow = decrement
Chapter
2
Installation
Pico is installed in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
•
connect devices together, if necessary
Mount
Use surge suppressors
Wire the inputs
Wire the outputs
Connect incoming power
Prevent Electrical Shock
ATTENTION
Follow these guidelines when you handle the
controller:
• Remove power before working on any of the
wiring to Pico.
• Touch a grounded object to discharge static
potential.
• Wear an approved wrist-strap grounding device.
• If available, use a static-safe work station.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-2
Installation
European Communities (EC)
Directive Compliance
If this product has the CE mark it is approved for installation within
the European Union and EEA regions. It has been designed and tested
to meet the following directives.
EMC Directive
This product is tested to meet the Council Directive 89/336/EC
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) by applying the following
standards, in whole or in part, documented in a technical construction
file:
• EN 50081-1 EMC — Generic Emission Standard, Part 1 —
Residential, Commercial, and Light Industry
• EN 50082-2 EMC — Generic Immunity Standard, Part 2 —
Industrial Environment
This product is intended for use in an industrial environment.
Low Voltage Directive
This product is tested to meet Council Directive 73/23/EEC Low
Voltage, by applying the safety requirements of EN 50178 Electric
Equipment for Power Installations Equipment Requirements and Tests.
For specific information required by EN 50178, see the appropriate
sections in this publication, as well as the Allen-Bradley publication
Industrial Automation Wiring and Grounding Guidelines For Noise
Immunity, publication 1770-4.1.
This equipment is classified as open equipment and must be mounted
in an enclosure during operation to provide safety protection.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
Connect the Expansion
Module
2-3
Connect the expansion module to the controller using the connector
as shown below:
1
2
See Expansion Modules on page 1-4 for information on using the
modules with your Pico controller.
Mount the Pico Controller
Install Pico in an enclosure, switch cabinet, or distribution board so
that the power feed and terminal connections cannot be touched
accidentally during operation.
Clip Pico onto a DIN rail or install directly onto a panel using the
mounting feet. Pico can be mounted either vertically or horizontally.
TIP
When using a Pico expansion module, connect the
expansion module and Pico controller together
before mounting. See Connect the Expansion
Module.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-4
Installation
Minimum Spacing
3 cm (1.18 in.)
3 cm (1.18 in.)
3 cm (1.18 in.)
Maintain spacing from enclosure walls, wireways, adjacent equipment,
etc. Allow 3 cm (1.18 in.) of space on all sides for adequate
ventilation, as shown:
3 cm (1.18 in.)
DIN Rail Mount
1. Mount your DIN rail. Make sure that the placement of the Pico
unit on the DIN rail meets the recommended spacing
requirements.
2. Hook the top slot over the DIN rail.
3. While pressing the Pico unit down against the top of the rail,
snap the bottom of the unit into position. Ensure DIN latches are
in the up (secured) position.
Pico can be mounted vertically on a DIN rail in the same manner.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
2-5
Install on a Mounting Plate
To install the unit using mounting screws:
1. Snap the mounting feet in place.
2. Drill holes at the mounting feet positions, shown below.
3. Mount the controller.
Click
1760-OW2
1760-L12xxx
1760-L18xxx, 1760-L20xxx and
Expansion Modules
For mounting dimensions, see Dimensions on page A-14.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-6
Installation
Install the Remote
Processor
The remote processor is used for terminal mode operation of Pico
controllers and I/O modules. The remote processor is used with either
a Display or Display/Keypad Unit.
Remote Processor Terminal Operation
1760-L18...
1760-L20...
1760-L12...
1760-LDF ...
DEL
A LT
DEL
1760-RM
E SC
ALT
OK
ESC
OK
1760-RM-Pico
1760-RM-GFX
1760-GFX
Display Unit
Front View
Flush Mount
Flush Mount the Display and Remote Processor
3
2
1
M = 1.2 – 2 Nm
10.6 - 17.7 lb-in
2
1. Insert the display unit through the mounting holes on the panel.
2. Attach the fixing rings.
3. Attach the processor unit.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
2-7
Removal Procedure
Remove the Remote Processor
3
2
1
1760 -RM
1. Insert the screwdriver into the mounting slide.
2. Push screwdriver to the right to open the slide.
3. Remove the processor unit from the display unit.
4. Loosen the fixing rings.
5. Remove the display unit from the panel.
Make Connections
Connect the Power Supply
Remote Processor Power Supply Connection
1760-RM…
L01+
L02+
L01–
>1 A
U e = 24 V dc
(20.4 – 28.8 V H dc)
I e = 150 mA
0.6 x 3.5 x 100
24V 0V
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-8
Installation
Connect the Serial Cable
4
2
1760-RM cable
X5
X4
X3
X2
X1
1
3
Cable Wire Color Code
X5
X4
X3
X2
X1
green
white
yellow
brown
gray
1. Remove the interface cover.
2. Using a screwdriver, push on the terminal latch.
3. Insert each wire into its designated terminal on the interface
connector.
4. Replace the interface cover.
Plug the other end of the cable into the Pico controller or I/O module.
Wire Terminals
Required Tools
Slot-head screwdriver (width: 3.5 mm, torque: 0.57 to 0.79 Nm [5 to 7
in-lb])
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
2-9
Wire Size
• Solid
AWG 22 to AWG 12
• Stranded
AWG 22 to AWG 12
Connect the Incoming
Power
For incoming power technical specifications, refer to Appendix A.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
ATTENTION
The memory module and PC-cable socket are at the
potential of L2. There is a danger of electric shock if
L2 is not grounded. Do not make contact with
electrical components under the socket cover.
A brief current surge is produced when powering on
the unit for the first time. Do not switch the unit
using reed contacts, since these may burn or melt.
TIP
1760-L12AWA, -L12AWA-NC, -L12AWA-ND, -L18AWA,
L1
L2
F1
L1
L2
100 - 240V ac
50/60Hz
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x 100 - 240V ac
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-10
Installation
1760-IA12XOW6I Expansion Module
L1
L2
F1
NC NC
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5 R6
R7
R8
R9 R10 R11 R12 L1
100 to 240V ac
50/60Hz
Inputs x 100 to 240V ac
1760-L12BWB, -L12BWB-NC, -L12BWB-ND, -L18BWB-EX
+24V
0V
F1
+24 V COM
24V dc
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
L2
I8
Inputs x 24V dc (I7,I8 0 to 10V)
Installation
2-11
1760-IB12XOB8 Expansion Module
+24V dc
0V dc
F1
NC NC
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5 R6
R7
R8
R9 R10 R11 R12 +24V
COM
24V dc
Inputs x 24V dc
1760-L12DWD
+12V dc
0V
F1
+12 V COM
12V dc
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x 12V dc
The dc controllers are protected against polarity reversal. To ensure
that the unit works correctly, ensure that the polarity of each terminal
is correct.
Wiring Protection
Both AC and DC versions require wiring protection (F1) rated for at
least 1 A (slow).
When the unit is powered on for the first time, the power supply
circuit draws a larger surge current than usual. Use an appropriate
device for switching on the incoming power and do not use any reed
relay contacts or proximity switches.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-12
Installation
Use Surge Suppressors
Inductive load devices, such as motor starters and solenoids, require
the use of some type of surge suppression to protect and extend the
operating life of the controller’s output contacts. Switching inductive
loads without surge suppression can SIGNIFICANTLY reduce the life
expectancy of relay contacts. By adding a suppression device directly
across the coil of an inductive device, you prolong the life of the
output or relay contacts. You also reduce the effects of voltage
transients and electrical noise from radiating into adjacent systems.
The following diagram shows an output with a suppression device.
We recommend that you locate the suppression device as close as
possible to the load device.
+dc or L1
VAC/DC
Out 0
Out 1
Out 2
ac or dc Out 3
Outputs Out 4
Out 5
Out 6
Out 7
COM
Suppression
Device
dc COM or L2
If the outputs are dc, we recommend that you use an 1N4004 diode
for surge suppression, as shown below.
+24V dc
Relay or Solid
State dc Outputs
VAC/D
Out 0
Out 1
Out 2
Out 3
Out 4
Out 5
Out 6
Out 7
COM
IN4004 Diode
24V dc common
Suitable surge suppression methods for inductive ac load devices
include a varistor, an RC network, or an Allen-Bradley surge
suppressor, all shown below. These components must be
appropriately rated to suppress the switching transient characteristic of
the particular inductive device. See the table on page 2-14 for
recommended suppressors.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
2-13
Surge Suppression for Inductive ac Load Devices
Output Device
Varistor
Output Device
Output Device
RC Network
Surge
Suppressor
For inductive dc load devices, a diode is suitable. A 1N4004 diode is
acceptable for most applications. A surge suppressor can also be used.
See the table on page 2-14 for recommended suppressors.
As shown in the illustration below, these surge suppression circuits
connect directly across the load device.
Surge Suppression for Inductive dc Load Devices
_
+
Output Device
Diode
(A surge suppressor can also be used.)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-14
Installation
Recommended Surge Suppressors
Use the Allen-Bradley surge suppressors shown in the following table
for use with relays, contactors, and starters.
Connect the Inputs
Suppressor Device
Coil Voltage
Catalog Number
Bulletin 509 Motor Starter
Bulletin 509 Motor Starter
120V ac
240V ac
599-K04
599-KA04
Bulletin 100 Contactor
Bulletin 100 Contactor
120V ac
240V ac
199-FSMA1
199-FSMA2
Bulletin 709 Motor Starter
120V ac
1401-N10
Bulletin 700 Type R, RM Relays
ac coil
None Required
Bulletin 700 Type R Relay
Bulletin 700 Type RM Relay
12V dc
12V dc
700-N22
700-N28
Bulletin 700 Type R Relay
Bulletin 700 Type RM Relay
24V dc
24V dc
700-N10
700-N13
Bulletin 700 Type R Relay
Bulletin 700 Type RM Relay
48V dc
48V dc
700-N16
700-N17
Bulletin 700 Type R Relay
Bulletin 700 Type RM Relay
115-125V dc
115-125V dc
700-N11
700-N14
Bulletin 700 Type R Relay
Bulletin 700 Type RM Relay
230-250V dc
230-250V dc
700-N12
700-N15
Bulletin 700 Type N, P, or PK Relay
150V max, ac or DC
700-N24
Miscellaneous electromagnetic
devices limited to 35 sealed VA
150V max, ac or DC
700-N24
Pico inputs switch electronically. Once you have connected a device
via an input terminal, you can reuse it as a relay contact in your
program as often as you like.
L1
+24 V
S1
L2
com
I1
I1
I1
Connect devices such as buttons or switches to Pico input terminals.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
2-15
Connecting AC Inputs
ATTENTION
For Pico controllers with ac inputs, connect the
inputs to the same phase as the power feed L1, in
accordance with VDE, IEC, UL and CSA safety
regulations. Otherwise, Pico may not detect the
switching level or, it may be damaged by excess
voltage.
Input
Specification
Input Signal
Voltage Range
OFF signal: 0 to 40V ac
Input Current
I1 to I6, I9 to I12, R1 to R12: 0.25 mA at 120V ac, 0.5 mA at 240V ac
ON signal: 79V to 264V ac
I7 and I8: 4 mA at 120V ac, 6 mA at 240V ac,
Example Using 1760-L12AWA
L1
L2
F1
L1
L2
I1
100 to 240V ac
50/60Hz
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x 100 to 240V ac
Example Using 1760-IA12XOW6I
L1
L2
F1
NC NC
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5 R6
R7
R8
R9 R10 R11 R12 L1
Inputs x 120/240V ac
L2
120/240V ac
50/60Hz
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-16
Installation
Wire Lengths
Severe electromagnetic interference to wires can cause inputs to signal
1 without the proper signal being applied. Observe the following
maximum cable lengths:
• I1 to I6, I9 to I12, R1 to R12: 40m (130 ft) without additional
circuits
• I7 and I8: 100m (330 ft) without additional circuits
ATTENTION
Do not use reed relay contacts on I7 or I8. These
may burn or melt due to the high current of I7 and
I8.
Two-wire proximity sensors have a residual off-state leakage current.
If this residual current is too high, the input may indicate the input is
ON when the device is actually off.
Use inputs I7 and I8 for these types of input devices. If more inputs
are required, use a bleeder resistor or bleeder capacitor for inputs I1
through I6, and I9 through I12.
Increase the Input Current
Use the following input circuit for electrical noise immunity and when
using two-wire proximity switches:
L1
L2
1A
30K Ω, 5W resistor; or
100 nF, 275V ac capacitor
L1
L2
100 to 240V ac
50/60Hz
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x 100 to 240V ac
When using a 100 nF capacitor, the drop-off time of the input
increases by 66.6 ms at 60 Hz (80 ms at 50 Hz). Also, a capacitor
increases the amount of current seen by the input device. Do not use
a bleeder capacitor in conjunction with reed switches.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Installation
2-17
To limit the current to 400 mA, connect a 1K Ω resistor in series
upstream from the circuit as shown.
.
L1
L2
1A
1K Ω
0.25W
resistor
L1
L2
100 nF, 275V ac capacitor
I1
100 to 240V ac
50/60Hz
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x 100 to 240V ac
Connect 24 V dc Inputs
Use input terminals I1 to I8 (or I12 for 18-point Pico) to connect
push-buttons, switches, or 3- or 4-wire proximity switches. Given the
high off-state leakage current, do not use 2-wire proximity switches.
Input
Specification
Input Signal Voltage Range
OFF signal: 0 to 5V dc
ON signal: 15V to 28.8V dc
Input Current
I1 to I6, I9 to I12, R1 to R12: 3.3 mA at 24V dc
I7 and I8: 2.2 mA at 24V dc
Example Using 1760-L12BWB-xx
+24V
0V
1A
+24 V COM
24V dc
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x 24V dc (I7,I8 0 to 10V)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-18
Installation
Example Using 1760-IB12XOB8
F1
+24V dc
0V
NC NC
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5 R6
R7
R8
R9 R10 R11 R12 +24V
COM
24V dc
Inputs x 24V dc
Connect 12 V dc Inputs
Use input terminals I1 to I8 to connect push-buttons, switches, or 3 or
4-wire proximity switches. Given the high off-state leakage current, do
not use 2-wire proximity switches.
Input
Specification
Input Signal Voltage Range
OFF signal: 0 to 4V dc
ON signal: 8V to 15.6V dc
Input Current
I1 to I6, I9 and I10: 3.3 mA at 12V dc
I7 and I8, I11 and I12: 1.1 mA at 12V dc
Example Using 1760-L12DWD
+12V dc
0V
1A
+12 V COM
12V dc
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
Inputs x 12V dc
I7
I8
Installation
2-19
Connect Analog Inputs (1760-LxxBWB-xx or 1760-LxxDWD only)
Inputs I7 and I8, and if present I11 and I12, can also be used to
connect analog devices ranging from 0 to 10V dc.
ATTENTION
Analog signals are more sensitive to interference than
digital signals. Consequently, more care must be
taken when routing and connecting the signal lines.
Route the analog wiring:
• away from power lines, load lines and other
sources of electrical noise such as hard-contact
switches, relays, and AC motor drives
• away from sources of radiated heat
Incorrect switching states may occur if the analog
wiring is not installed correctly.
Use shielded, twisted-pair cables to prevent interference with the
analog signals. For short cable lengths, ground the shield at both ends
with a large contact area. If the cable length exceeds 30m (98.4 ft),
grounding at both ends can result in ground loops between the two
grounding points and thus to the interference of analog signals. In this
case, only ground the cable at one end. Do not route signal lines
parallel to power cables.
Connect inductive loads to be switched via Pico outputs to a separate
power feed, or use a suppressor circuit for motors and valves. If loads
such as motors, solenoid valves or contactors are operated via the
same power feed, switching may result in interference on the analog
input signals.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-20
Installation
The following four circuits illustrate application examples for analog
value processing.
Ensure that the reference potential is connected. Connect the 0V of
the power supply unit for the different setpoint potentiometers and
sensors to the 0V of the power feed.
Setpoint Potentiometers
V dc
0V
F1
~
0V
V dc
COM
V dc
I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
+12V
I8
Inputs x V dc (I7,I8 0 to 10V)
V dc = 12Vdc for 1760-L12DWD
V dc = 24V dc for 1760-LxxBWB-xx
Use a potentiometer with a resistance of less than or equal to 1K Ω,
e.g. 1K Ω, 0.25W.
Light Intensity Sensors
V dc
0V
~
12V
0 to 10V
F1
0V
0V
V dc
V dc
COM
I1
I2
I3
I5
I6
I7
Inputs x V dc (I7,I8 0 to 10V)
V dc = 12Vdc for 1760-L12DWD
V dc = 24V dc for 1760-LxxBWB-xx
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
I4
I8
+12V
Installation
2-21
Temperature Sensors
V dc
0V
+V dc (12V dc or 24V dc)
-0V
Out
0 to 10V
-35 to +55˚C
(-31 to +131˚F)
F1
V dc
COM
I1
V dc
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x V dc (I7,I8 0 to 10V)
V dc = 12Vdc for 1760-L12DWD
V dc = 24V dc for 1760-LxxBWB-xx
20 mA Sensors
V dc
0V
1A
4 to 20 mA
500Ω
V dc
COM
I1
V dc
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6
I7
I8
Inputs x V dc (I7,I8 0 to 10V)
V dc = 12Vdc for 1760-L12DWD
V dc = 24V dc for 1760-LxxBWB-xx
Connect 4 to 20 mA (0 to 20 mA) sensors using an external 500Ω
resistor, as shown above. The resultant impedance to the sensor is
approximately 478Ω.
The following values result (Based on V = R x I = 478Ω x 10 mA =
4.8V dc):
• 4 mA = 1.9V dc
• 10 mA = 4.8V dc
• 20 mA = 9.5V dc
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-22
Installation
Connect Outputs
The Q output terminals function as isolated contacts, as shown below.
Q1
Q1
Q1
1
2
Outputs are controlled via the corresponding output relays:
•
•
•
•
Q1 to Q4
Q1 to Q8
S1 to S6
S1 to S8
You can use the signal states of the output relays as make or break
contacts in the Pico program to provide additional logic conditions.
The relay or transistor outputs are used to switch loads such as
fluorescent tubes, filament bulbs, contactors, relays or motors. Check
the technical thresholds and output data before installing such devices
(see Relay Outputs on page A-10).
Connect Relay Outputs
1760-L12AWA-xx, 1760-L12BWB-xx and 1760-L12DWD
.
1
Q1
10 000 000
2
1
Q2
2
1
Q3
2
1
Q4
2
L
R
24 V
120 V
240 V
8A
8A
8A
2A
2A
2A
1000 W
0V
,N
10 x 58 W
< 8 A / B 16
L1, L2, L3 (120/240V)
+ 24 V
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
25.000
Installation
2-23
1760-L18AWA-xx and 1760-L18BWB-EX
1 2
S1
10 000 000
1 2
1 2
S3
S2
1
1 2
S4
2
S5
1 2
S6
R
24 V
120 V
240 V
8A
8A
8A
2A
2A
2A
1000 W
0V
,N
10 x 58 W
25.000
< 8 A / B 16
L1, L2, L3 (120/240 V)
+ 24 V
1760-IA12XOW6I
1 2
S1
10 000 000
1 2
S2
1 2
S3
1
1 2
S4
S5
2
1 2
S6
R
24 V
120 V
240 V
8A
8A
8A
2A
2A
2A
1000 W
0V
,N
10 x 58 W
25.000
< 8 A / B 16
L1, L2, L3 (120/240 V)
+ 24 V
1760-OW2
Unlike inputs, you can connect different phases to the outputs.
.
ATTENTION
Do not exceed the maximum voltage of 250V ac on a
relay contact.
If the voltage exceeds this threshold, arcing may
occur at the contact, resulting in damage to the
device or to a connected load.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-24
Installation
Connect Transistor Outputs
1760-Ixxx
+24 VQ
0 VQ
Q1 Q2
Q3 Q4
F 10 A
0VH
f 2.5 A
+ 24 V H
20.4 – 28.8 V H
24 V
R
L
0.5 A
0.5 A
5 W/24 V
1760-Ixxx
+24 VQ
0 VQ
Q1 Q2
Q3 Q4
Q7 Q8
Q5 Q6
F 10 A
0VH
R
f 2.5 A
+ 24 V H
(20.4 – 28.8 V H)
24 V H
0.5 A
0.5 A
5 W/24 V
1760-IB12XOB8
S1 S2
S3 S4
S5 S6
S7
S8
+24V dc COM
10A
0V
R
24V
0.5A
0.5A
5W/24V
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
≤ 2.5A
+ 24V dc
(20.4-28.8V dc
)
Installation
2-25
Parallel Connection
Up to four outputs can be connected in parallel in order to increase
the load current. The output current will increase to a maximum of
2A.
ATTENTION
Outputs may only be connected in parallel within a
group (S1 to S4) or (S5 to S8) such as (S1 and S3) or
(S5, S7 and S8). Outputs connected in parallel must
be switched ON and OFF at the same time.
Switch Inductive Loads
ATTENTION
Observe the following when switching off inductive
loads:
Suppressed inductive loads cause less interference in
the entire electrical system. For optimum
suppression, the suppressor circuits are best
connected directly to the inductive load. See Use
Surge Suppressors on page 2-12.
If inductive loads are not suppressed, only one inductive load should
be switched off at any one time to prevent the output transistors from
overheating. If, in the event of an emergency stop, the +24V dc power
supply is to be switched off by means of a contact, and this would
mean switching off more than one controlled output with an inductive
load, then you must provide suppressor circuits for these loads. See
the following diagrams.
+24V
S
Ue max. < Uz < 33V
S
0V
0V
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2-26
Installation
Short Circuit and Overload Behavior
If a short circuit or overload occurs on a transistor output, this output
will switch off. The output will switch on up to maximum temperature
after the cooling time has elapsed. This time depends on the ambient
temperature and the current involved. If the fault condition persists,
the output will continue to switch off and on until the fault is
corrected or until the power supply is switched off.
For information on using the 1760-IB12XOB8 expansion module to
monitor outputs for a fault, see Monitor for Short Circuit or Overload
on page 9-4.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
3
Commission the Pico
Power On Unit
Before powering up Pico, check that you have connected the power
supply terminals and inputs correctly.
12V dc version:
• +12V terminal: +12V dc voltage
• COM terminal: 0V voltage
• terminals I1 to I8: actuation via +12V dc
24V dc version:
• +24V terminal: +24V dc voltage
• COM terminal: 0V voltage
• terminals I1 to I12, R1 to R12: actuation via +24V dc
100 to 240V ac version:
• terminal L1: phase conductor L1
• terminal L2: neutral conductor L2 (grounded)
• terminals I1 to I12, R1 to R12: actuation via phase conductor L1
ATTENTION
1
If you have already installed Pico into a system,
ensure that the working area of all connected
devices is secure. Advise all personnel of start-up to
avoid injury in the event of unexpected operation.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3-2
Commission the Pico
Set the Menu Language
When you power-up Pico for the first time, you are asked to select the
menu language.
Use the up and down cursor buttons to select a language. Definitions
of the language abbreviations are shown below.
Language
LCD display
Abbreviaton
English
ENGLISH
GB
German
DEUTSCH
D
French
FRANCAIS
F
Spanish
ESPANOL
E
Italian
ITALIANO
I
Portuguese
PORTUGUES
–
Dutch
NEDERLANDS
–
Swedish
SVENSKA
–
Polish
POLSKI
–
Turkish
TURKCE
–
Czech
CESKY
–
Hungarian
MAGYAR
–
Press Ok to confirm your choice or press Esc to exit the menu. The
unit then switches to the status display. You can also change the
language setting at a later date, see Chapter 6 for more information.
If you do not set the language, Pico displays this menu and waits for
you to select a language every time the unit is powered up.
ENGLISH
DEUTSCH
FRANCAIS
ESPANOL
ITALIANO
PORTUGUES
NEDERLANDS
SVENSKA
POLSKI
TURKCE
CESKY
MAGYAR
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Commission the Pico
Modes of Operation
3-3
Pico has two operating modes: Run and Stop.
In Run mode, the unit continuously processes a stored program or
circuit diagram until you select Stop or disconnect the power. The
circuit diagram, parameters, and settings are retained in the event of a
power failure. If the back-up time has elapsed after a power failure,
you will need to reset the real-time clock. Circuit diagram entry is only
possible in Stop mode.
ATTENTION
In Run mode, Pico immediately runs the circuit
diagram saved in the unit when the incoming power
is turned on. This happens unless Stop mode was set
as start-up mode. In Run mode, outputs are activated
according to the program.
In models with an LCD display, a circuit diagram inside an installed
memory module is not run automatically. The circuit diagram must
first be transferred from the memory module to the unit.
In Run mode, the 1760-L12xxx-ND and 1760-L18xxx-xxND load the
circuit diagram from the memory module automatically and run it
immediately.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3-4
Commission the Pico
Create a Circuit Diagram
(Program)
The following small circuit diagram example takes you step-by-step
through programming your first Pico circuit diagram. This example
demonstrates most of the basic programming rules.
As with conventional wiring, you use contacts and relays in the Pico
circuit diagram. With Pico, however, you no longer have to connect
components individually. With the push of a few buttons, the Pico
circuit diagram produces all the wiring. All you have to do is connect
any switches, sensors, lamps or contactors you wish to use.
+24V dc
0V dc
CR1
S1
S2
M1
CR1
In the following example, Pico carries out all the wiring and performs
the tasks of the circuit diagram shown above.
.
+24V
0V
F1
S1
+24V com
Q1
1
H1
0V
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2
S2
I1 I2
Commission the Pico
3-5
Start Point: Status Display
When you power up the unit, it opens the status display immediately
to show the state of the inputs and outputs. It also indicates whether
Pico is already running a program.
..............
I
MO 02:00
.........
STOP
Press Ok to switch to the main menu. If there is an expansion module
installed, the expansion module status screen is displayed. Press Ok
again to switch to the main menu.
You can then press Ok to move forward to the next menu level or Esc
to go back one level. Ok has two other functions:
Expansion Module
Status Screen
1..........12
RS
• Press Ok to save modified settings.
• Press Ok to insert and modify contacts and relay coils. In this
case, Pico must be in Stop mode.
AC P-
MO 10:42 ST
1.......8
Press Ok two times (3 times with an expansion module installed) to
enter the circuit diagram display from the status display(s). This is
where you create the circuit diagram.
Circuit Diagram Display
.The circuit diagram display is currently empty. The cursor is flashing
at the top left, which is where you start to create your program
Move the cursor, using the cursor buttons, across the hidden grid lines
The first three double columns are contact fields and the right-hand
triple column forms the coil field. Each line is a circuit connection.
Pico adds the first contact automatically.
Now try to program the following Pico circuit diagram.
I1-I2-----{Q1
Switches S1 and S2 are wired to inputs I1 and I2. Relay K1 is
represented by the relay coil {Q1. The symbol “{” identifies the coil's
function, in this case a relay coil acting as a contactor. Q1 is one of up
to six Pico output relays.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3-6
Commission the Pico
From the First Contact to the Output Coil
With Pico, you work from the input to the output.
I1
1. The first input contact is I1. Press Ok. Pico inserts the first
contact I1 at the cursor position.
The ’I’ flashes and can be changed, for example, to a ’P’ for a
button input using the up or down cursor buttons. However,
nothing needs to be changed at this point.
2. Press Ok twice to move the cursor across the 1 to the next
contact field.
You could also move the cursor to the next contact field using
the right cursor button.
3. Press Ok.
I1 I1
Again, Pico creates a contact I1 at the cursor. Change the contact
number to I2 since break contact (normally closed) S2 is
connected to input terminal I2.
4. Press Ok. Then, press the up or down cursor button to change
the number to 2. Press DEL to delete a contact at the cursor
position.
I1-I2
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
5. Press Ok to move the cursor to the third contact field. You do
not need a third relay contact, so you can now wire the contacts
directly to the coil field.
Commission the Pico
3-7
Wire Inside of Your Program
Pico displays a small arrow when creating a circuit connection.
Pressing Alt activates the arrow and the cursor buttons to move it. Alt
also has two other functions:
• From the left contact field, press Alt to insert a new, empty
circuit connection (rung).
• Press Alt to set the contact currently under the cursor to either a
make or break contact.
The wiring arrow works between contacts and relays. When you
move the arrow onto a contact or relay coil, it changes back to the
cursor and can be reactivated with Alt if required. Pico automatically
wires adjacent contacts in a circuit connection up to the coil.
1. Press Alt to wire the cursor from I2 through to the coil field.
The cursor changes into a flashing wiring arrow and
automatically jumps to the next possible wiring position.
2. Press the right cursor button.
Contact I2 is connected up to the coil field. Use the Del button
to delete wiring at the cursor or arrow position. Where
connections intersect, the vertical connections are deleted first,
then, if you press Del again, the horizontal connections are
deleted.
3. Press the right cursor button again.
The cursor will move to the coil field.
4. Press Ok.
Pico inserts relay coil Q1. The specified coil
function ’{’ and the output relay Q1 are
correct and do not have to be changed.
Your first working Pico circuit diagram now
looks like this:
I1-I2-----{ Q 1
5. Press Ok. Then press Esc to leave the circuit
diagram display. The diagram will be
automatically saved.
Once you have connected buttons S1 and
S2, you can test your circuit diagram.
I1-I2-------{Q1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3-8
Commission the Pico
Test the Circuit Diagram
PROGRAM...
STOPå RUN
PARAMETER
1. Switch to the main menu and select the RUN menu option
(press Esc to go back to the Main Menu and use the arrow keys
to highlight RUN).
INFO...
2. Toggle between RUN and STOP to set the operating mode
required (use the Ok button to toggle between RUN and STOP).
Pico is in Run mode if the STOP menu option is displayed.
Menu options that toggle between two functions always show
the next possible setting.
The status display shows the current mode and the switching
states of the inputs and outputs.
3. Change to the Status display by pressing Esc and actuate
push-button S1.
Pico 1760-L12xxx
Pico 1760-L18xxx
I12345678
12..........
MO
12:50
Q1234
RUN
MO 02:00
1..........RUN
The boxes for inputs I1 and I2 are activated and relay Q1 is energized.
Power Flow Display
Pico allows you to check programs in Run mode. This means that you
can check your circuit diagram via the built-in power flow display
while it is being processed by Pico.
I1-I2-------{Q1
1. Press Ok twice to change to the Circuit diagram display and
actuate push-button S1.
The relay energizes and Pico shows the flow of current.
I1-I2-------{Q1
2. Press push-button S2, that has been connected as a break
contact.
The circuit connection is interrupted and relay Q1 drops out.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Commission the Pico
3-9
3. Press Esc to return to the Main Menu. A circuit diagram does not
have to be completed before you can test parts of it with Pico.
Pico simply ignores any incomplete wiring that is not yet
working and only uses the finished wiring.
Delete a Circuit Diagram
1. Switch Pico to Stop mode.
The RUN option is displayed. Pico must be in Stop mode in
order to extend, delete or modify the program.
2. Select ’PROGRAM’. Press Ok to switch from the main menu to
the next menu level.
3. Select ’DELETE PROG’
PROGRAM
DELETE PROG
Pico displays the prompt ’DELETE?’.
4. Press Ok to delete the program or Esc to cancel.
5. Press Esc to return to the Main Menu.
Fast Circuit Diagram Entry
You can create a circuit diagram in several ways. The first option is to
enter the elements in the circuit diagram and then wire all the
elements together. The other option is to use the enhanced operator
guidance and create the circuit diagram, from the first contact through
to the last coil.
If you use the first option, you have to select some of the elements in
order to create and connect your circuit diagram.
The second, faster option is what you learned in the example. In this
case you create the entire circuit connection from left to right.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3-10
Commission the Pico
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
4
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
By working through the example, Create a Circuit Diagram (Program)
on page 3-4, you should have gained an initial impression on how to
create a program in Pico. This chapter describes the full range of Pico
functions and provides further examples of how to use Pico.
Pico Operation
Buttons for Drawing Circuit Diagrams
Press
To
Delete branch, contact, relay, or empty rung in the circuit
diagram.
Del
• Toggle between break and make contact.
Alt
• Connect contacts and relays.
• Add circuit connections (rungs).
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-2
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Up/Down Arrows
• Change value.
• Move cursor up and down.
Left/Right Arrows
• Change between parameters.
• Move cursor left and right.
Cursor Button Set to P-Button Function (if enabled)
• Left Arrow = Input P1
• Right Arrow = Input P3
• Up Arrow = Input P2
• Down Arrow = Input P4
• Undo settings from previous Ok
• Exit current display
Esc
• Change or add a contact/relay.
• Save the setting.
Ok
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-3
Button Operation
The cursor buttons in the Pico circuit diagram perform three functions.
The current mode is indicated by the appearance of the flashing
cursor:
• Move
• Enter
• Connect
In Move mode, you can use the arrow keys to move the cursor
around the circuit diagram in order to select a branch, contact or relay
coil.
I1
Use Ok to switch to Enter mode so that you can enter or change a
value at the current cursor position. If you press Esc in Enter mode,
Pico will undo the most recent changes.
Press Alt to switch to Connect mode for wiring contacts and relays.
Press Alt again to return to Move.
Press Esc to leave the circuit diagram and parameter display. Pico
performs many of these cursor movements automatically. For
example, Pico switches the cursor to Move mode if no further entries
or connections are possible at the selected cursor position.
Opening the Parameter Display
If you specify the contact of a relay type in Enter mode, Pico
automatically switches from the contact number to the parameter
display when you press Ok.
Press the right arrow to switch to the next contact or coil field without
entering any parameters.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-4
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Contacts
Contacts are used to modify the flow of current in the circuit diagram.
Contacts in the circuit diagram are either make or break contacts.
Make contacts are open when off (de-energized) and closed when on.
Break contacts are closed when off and open when on.
Usable Contacts
Contact
Pico Representation
Make contact; Open when off
I, Q, M, N, A, Ö, Y, C, T, O, P, :, D, S, R, Z
Break contact; Closed when off
I, Q, M, N, A, Ö,Y, C, T, O, P, D, S, R, Z
Pico works with different contacts, which can be used in any order in
the contact fields of the circuit diagram.
Contact Type
Make
Contact
Break
Contact
1760-L12xxx
1760-L18xxx
1760-L20xxx
Controller Inputs
I
I
I1 to I8
I1 to I12
0 signal
I13
I13
Expansion Status
–
I14(3)
Short-circuit/overload
I16
I15 to I16
Soft Inputs - Keypad
P
P
P1 to P4
P1 to P4
Controller Outputs
Q
Q
Q1 to Q4
Q1 to Q8
Internal Marker Bits
M
M
M1 to M16
M1 to M16
Internal Marker Bits
N
N
N1 to N16
N1 to N16
Counters
C
C
C1 to C16
C1 to C16
Timers
T
T
T1 to T16
T1 to T16
Real Time Clock(1)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
1 to
8
1 to
8
Analog Setpoint
Compare(2)
A
A
A1 to A16
A1 to A16
Text Display
D
D
D1 to D16
D1 to D16
Expansion Outputs or
Internal Marker Bits
S
S
S1 to S8
S1 to S8
Jump to Label
:
–
:1 to :8
:1 to :8
Expansion Inputs
R
R
–
R1 to R12
Expansion Overload
Detection
R
R
–
R15 and R16(3)
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Contact Type
Make
Contact
Break
Contact
1760-L12xxx
1760-L18xxx
1760-L20xxx
Operating Hours Counter
O
O
O1 to O4
O1 to O4
Year Time Switch
Y
Y
Y1 to Y8
Y1 to Y8
Master Reset
Z
Z
Z1 to Z3
Z1 to Z3
4-5
(1) Not available on “-NC” models.
(2) This applies only to the 1760-LxxBWB-xx and 1760-L12DWD.
(3) This applies only to 1760-L18xxx-EX models. R15 and R16 are used for expansion overload detection for the
transistor expansion module, 1760-IB12XOB8, as described on page 9-4.
Relays
Pico has nine different types of relay for use in a circuit diagram.
Relay type
Pico Symbol 1760-L12xxx
1760-L18xxx
1760-L20xxx
Coil
Function
Parameter
Controller Outputs
Q
Q1 to Q8
Q1 to Q8
X
–
Internal Marker Bits
M
M1 to M16
M1 to M16
X
–
Internal Marker Bits
N
N1 to N16
N1 to N16
X
–
Counters
C
C1 to C16
C1 to C16
X
X
Timers
T
T1 to T16
T1 to T16
X
X
–
X
Real Time Clock(1)
1 to
8
1 to
8
Operating Hours Counters
O
O1 to O4
O1 to O4
X
X
Analog Setpoint Compare(2)
A
A1 to A16
A1 to A16
–
X
Text Display
D
D1 to D16
D1 to D16
X
X
Jump to Label
:
:1 to :8
:1 to :8
X
–
Expansion Outputs or Internal Marker
Bits
S
S1 to S8 (as marker) S1 to S8
X
–
Year Time Switch
Y
Y1 to Y8
Y1 to Y8
–
X
Master Reset
Z
Z1 to Z3
Z1 to Z3
X
–
(1) Not available on “-NC” models.
(2) This applies only to the 1760-LxxBWB-xx and 1760-L12DWD.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-6
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
The switching behavior of these relays is set using coil functions and
parameters. The coil functions and parameters are listed with the
description of each function relay type.
The options for setting output and marker relays are listed with the
description of each coil function.
Circuit Diagram Display
In the circuit diagram, contacts and coils are connected from left to
right - from contact to coil. The circuit diagram is created on a hidden
grid containing contact fields, coil fields and circuit connections. It is
then wired with connections.
Insert relay contacts in the three contact fields. The first contact field is
automatically connected to the voltage.
Insert the relay coil to be controlled together with its function and
designation in the coil field.
Every line in the circuit diagram forms a circuit connection or ladder
logic rung. Pico enables 128 circuit connections/rungs.
Contact Fields
Circuit
connections/rungs
Coil Field
I1 -I2 -T1 -{Q1
Q1 - 1
Connections
Connections are used to produce the electrical continuity between
relay contacts and the coil. Connections can be created across several
rungs. Each point of intersection is a connection. The circuit diagram
display performs two functions:
• In Stop mode, it is used to edit the circuit diagram.
• In Run mode, it is used to check the circuit diagram using the
Power flow display.
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-7
Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
There are two ways of saving circuit diagrams in Pico:
• Save to a memory module.
• Save to a PC running PicoSoft programming software.
Once they are saved, programs can be reloaded into Pico, edited, and
run. All circuit diagram data is saved in Pico. In the event of a power
failure, the data is retained until the next time it is overwritten or
deleted.
Memory Module
Each memory module (1760-MM2B) can contain one circuit diagram,
which is inserted into the Pico interface.
The 1760-MM1 and 1760-MM2 memory modules can be read on the
Series B Pico controllers. The Series B Pico controllers can only write
to the 1760-MM2B memory modules.
PicoSoft and PicoSoft Pro
PicoSoft are optional PC programs that allow you to create, store, test
and manage Pico programs. Completed programs are transferred
between your PC and Pico via the connecting cable. Once you have
transferred a circuit diagram, you can monitor the program running in
Pico directly from your PC.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-8
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Work with Contacts and
Relays
In Pico circuit diagrams, the switches, buttons, and relays of
conventional relay logic are connected using input contacts and relay
coils.
S1
CR1
S2
Connect S1 to Pico input terminal I2
Connect S2 to Pico input terminal I3
Connect load M1 to Pico output Q4
S1 or S2 switches on M1.
I2----------{Q4
I3
M1
CR1
Pico Circuit Diagram
First, specify which input and output terminals you wish to use in
your circuit.
Depending on the model, Pico controllers have 8, 12 or 24 input
terminals and 4, 6, 8, 10 or 16 outputs. The signal states at the input
terminals are recorded in the circuit diagram using input contacts I1 to
I12. In the circuit diagram, the outputs are switched using output
relays Q1 to Q6. The expansion modules can add another 12 inputs
and 6 or 8 outputs. The signal states at the input terminals are
recorded in the circuit diagram as R1 to R12. The outputs are switched
using S1 to S8.
Enter or Modify the Contact or Relay
I 2
Define a contact in Pico via its name and number.
Contact Contact
Number
Name
A relay is defined by its coil function, name and number.
{ Q 4
Relay Number
Relay Name
Coil Function
A full list of all the contacts and relays is given on page 4-4. Enter
mode is used to modify the value of contact fields and coil fields. The
value to be modified will flash. If the field or section is empty, Pico
will enter contact ’I1’ or the coil ’{Q1’.
• Move the cursor using the buttons to a contact or coil field.
• Press Ok to switch to Enter mode.
• Use the left and right arrow keys to select the position you wish
to change, or press Ok to jump to the next position.
• Use the up and down arrow keys to modify the value of the
position
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-9
.
Change I1 to I2 in the Change {Q1 to {Q8 in the coil
contact field
field
I1
Q
M or
OK
C
T
P
D
S
:
R
I1
2
3
4
5
.
.
.
16
{Q1
I2
S
R
{Q1
{Q1
2
M
3
T or
.
C OK
.
D
.
S
:
8
or
OK
{Q8
or
OK
Pico leaves the Enter mode when you press the left or right arrow
keys or Ok.
Deleting Contacts and Relay Coils
1. Move the cursor using the arrow buttons to a contact or coil
field.
2. Press Del.
The contact or the relay coil is deleted, together with any
connections.
Change Make Contacts into Break Contacts
Every relay contact in the circuit diagram can be defined as either a
make or break contact.
1. Move the cursor over the contact and press Enter to change to
the enter mode.
2. Press Alt. The make contact changes to a break contact.
3. Press Ok twice to confirm the change.
I2----------{Q4
I2----------{Q4
I2----------{Q4
I3
I3
I3
ALT
2X
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-10
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Create and Modify Connections
Relay contacts and relay coils are connected in Connect mode using
the diagonal wiring arrow (available in this mode). Use the arrow
buttons to move the cursor onto the contact field or coil field from
which you wish to create a connection. Do not position the cursor on
the first contact field. At this position, the Alt button has a different
function (Insert circuit connection).
1. Press Alt to switch to Connect mode.
2. Use the left and right arrows to move the diagonal arrow
between the contact fields and coil fields and the up and down
arrows to move between circuit connections.
3. Press Alt to leave Connect mode.
Pico leaves Connect mode automatically when you move the diagonal
arrow onto a contact field or coil field which is already assigned. In a
circuit connection, Pico automatically connects relay contacts and the
terminal to the relay coil if there are no empty fields in-between.
IMPORTANT
Never work backward. Your circuit diagram may not
perform as you expect it to.
When wiring more than three contacts in series, use one of 16
available marker relays ’M’ or ’N’.
Do NOT do this:
I1-Q4-I3
I2-I4-{Q2
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Do this instead:
I1-Q4-I3-{M1
I2-I4-M1-{Q2
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-11
Delete Connections
1. Move the cursor onto the contact field or coil field to the right of
the connection that you want to delete. Press Alt to switch to
Connect mode.
2. Press Del.
Pico will delete a connection. Closed connections that are
adjacent are retained.
If several circuit connections are connected to one another, Pico
first deletes the vertical connection. If you press Del again, it
deletes the horizontal connection as well. You cannot delete
connections that Pico has created automatically.
3. Close the delete operation by pressing Alt or by moving the
cursor to a contact or coil field.
Insert and Delete a Circuit Connection
The LCD display shows four of the 128 circuit connections in the
display at the same time. Pico automatically scrolls the display up or
down to show hidden circuit connections—even empty ones—if you
move the cursor past the top or bottom of the display.
A new circuit connection is added below the last connection or
inserted above the cursor position:
I2---------{Q4
1. Position the cursor on the first contact field of a circuit
connection.
I3
2. Press Alt.
I2---------{Q4
The existing circuit connection, with all its additional connections, is
shifted down. The cursor is then positioned directly in the new circuit
connection.
I3
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4-12
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Delete a Circuit Connection
Pico only removes empty circuit connections, i.e. those without
contacts or coils.
1. Delete all the contacts and relay coils from the circuit
connection.
2. Position the cursor on the first contact field of the empty circuit
connection.
3. Press Del.
The subsequent circuit connection(s) is ’pulled up’ and any existing
links between circuit connections are retained.
Use the Cursor Buttons as Inputs
With Pico, you can also use the four cursor buttons as soft inputs in
the circuit diagram.
The buttons are contacts P1 to P4 in the circuit diagram. The
P-Buttons can be activated and deactivated in the System menu.
P2
P3
P1
P4
The P-Buttons can also be used for testing circuits or manual
operation. These button functions are also useful for servicing and
commissioning purposes.
Example 1
I1---------SQ1
P2
I2---------RQ1
A lamp at output relay Q1 is turned on and off via inputs I1 and I2 or
using cursor buttons up and down.
P4
Example 2
I5---------{M1
I1-M1------{Q1
P1-M1
Input ’I1’ is used to control output ’Q1’. Input I5 switches to Cursor
button mode and deactivates circuit connection I1 via M1.
IMPORTANT
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
The P-Buttons are only recognized as switch contacts
in the Status menu display, and not in the circuit
diagram display.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
..............
I
P2
MO 02:00
4-13
The Status menu display shows whether the P-Buttons are used in the
circuit diagram.
..........STOP
Display
Function
P
Button function active
P2
Button function active and P2 button pressed
P-
Button function not active
Empty box: P buttons not used.
Check the Circuit Diagram
I2---------{Q4
I3---
Pico allows you to monitor the switching states of contacts and relay
coils during operation.
1. Complete the small parallel connection and switch Pico to Run
mode via the main menu.
2. Return to the circuit diagram display.
You are now unable to edit the circuit diagram.
IMPORTANT
If you switch to the circuit diagram display and are
unable to modify a circuit diagram, first check
whether the unit is in Stop mode.
The circuit diagram display performs two functions depending on the
mode:
• STOP: Create circuit diagrams
• RUN: Show power flow display
Switch on I3.
I2---------{Q4
I3---
In the power flow display, current-carrying connections are thicker
than those that are not powered.
You can follow a current-carrying connection across all circuit
connections by scrolling the display up and down. The power flow
display will not show signal fluctuations in the millisecond range. This
is due to the inherent delay factor of LCD displays.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-14
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Coil Functions
You can set the coil function to determine the switching behavior of
relay coils. The following coil functions are available for relays Q, M,
S, D and ’:’.
Circuit Diagram Pico
Coil Function
Symbol
Symbol
Output
{
Energize
Function
}
Output
Negated
Function
Cycle pulse
falling edge
Cycle pulse
raising edge
Maintained/
Flip-Flop
Function
Example
{Q1,{D2,
{S4,{:1,
{M5
}Q1,}D2,
}S4
Q3,
D8,
M4,
S7
Q3,
D8,
M4,
S7
Q3,
D8,
M4,
S7
S
Set (latching) SQ6,SM2,
SD3,SS4
R
Reset
(unlatching)
RQ4,RM5,
RD7,RS3
The marker relays M and N are used as a flag. The S relay can be used
as the output of an expansion module or, as a marker if no expansion
module is connected. When used as markers, the only difference
between them and the output relay Q is that they have no output
terminals. The functions of timer and counter relays are explained in
the relevant relay description. The coil function { (output energize)
should only be used once on each coil. Otherwise, the last coil in the
circuit diagram determines the status of the relay.
To ensure proper operation of all relay states, only assign the same
coil function once to a relay (S, R).
Exception: The coil function can be used properly several times when
using jumps to structure the circuit diagram.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-15
Rules for Wiring Relay Coils
Use the output energize or ’flip-flop’ function once only for each relay
coil.
Use the ’latch’ and ’unlatch’ functions to control each relay coil - the
first to set it (S) and the second to reset it (R).
Relays with Output Energize Function
The output signal follows immediately after the
input signal, and the relay acts as a contactor.
Signal Diagram:
Input
on
on
Output
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Output Relay Q
{Q1…{Q6
Marker Relay M
{M1…{M16, {N1…{N16
Text Display Relay D
{D1…{D16
Expansion or Marker Relay
{S1…{S8
(1760-L18xxx)
Jumps
{:1…{:8
(1760-L18xxx)
(depending on type)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-16
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Relays with Output Energize Negate Function
The output signal is the opposite of the input signal;
the relay operates like a contactor with contacts
that have been negated. If the coil is energized
when ON, the coil switches its make contacts to the
OFF state.
Signal Diagram:
Input
Output
on
on
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Output Relay Q
}Q1…}Q6
Marker Relay M
}M1…}M16, }N1…}N16
Text Display Relay D
}D1…}D16
(1760-L18xxx)
Expansion or Marker Relay
}S1…}S8
(1760-L18xxx)
Jumps
}:1…}:8
(1760-L18xxx)
(depending on type)
Relays with Falling Edge Function
This function is used if the coil is only meant to
switch on a falling edge. With a change in the coil
state from closed to open, the coil switches the
make contacts to the closed state for one cycle.
Signal Diagram:
Input
Output
on
on
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Marker Relay M, N
èM1…èM16, èN1…èN16
Jumps
è:1…è:8
(1760-L18xxx)
Physical outputs should not be used when a cycle pulse is generated.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-17
Relays with Raising Edge Function
This function is used if the coil is only meant to
switch on a rising edge. WIth a change in the coil
state from open to closed, the coil switches its make
contacts to the closed state for one cycle.
Signal Diagram:
on
Input
on
Output
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Marker Relay M, N
ÈM1…ÈM16, ÈN1…ÈN16
Jumps
È:1…È:8
(1760-L18xxx)
Physical outputs should not be used when a cycle pulse is generated.
Maintained/Flip-Flop Relay
The relay coil switches state whenever the input signal changes
from 0 to 1. The relay behaves like a flip-flop.
Signal Diagram:
Input
Output
on
on
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-18
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Output Relay Q
Q1…
Q8 (depending on type)
Marker Relay M
M1…
M16
Text Display Relay D
D1…
D8 (1760-L18xxx)
Expansion or Marker Relay
S1…
S8 (1760-L18xxx)
A coil automatically turns off if the power fails or if Pico is in Stop
mode.
Exception: Retentive coils retain signal 1 (see Chapter 7).
Latching Relay
The ’latch’ and ’unlatch’ relay functions are used in
pairs. The relay picks up when latched and remains
in this state until it is reset by the ’unlatch’
function.
Signal Diagram:
Set
On
S
On
Reset R
Output
On
A
B
C
A - The Set coil and the Reset coil are triggered at different times.
B - Reset coil is triggered at the same time as the Set coil.
C - Power supply switched off.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Output Relay Q
SQ1…SQ8, RQ1…RQ8 (depending on type)
Marker Relay M
SM1…SM16, RM1…RM16
Text Display Relays D
SD1…SD8, RD1…RD8 (1760-L18xxx)
Expansion or Marker Relay
SS1…SS8, RS1…RS8
(1760-L18xxx)
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
I1-I2-------SQ1
...
...
I2----------RQ1
Use relay functions ’S’ and ’R’ only once per relay. If both coils are
triggered at the same time, priority is given to the coil further down in
the circuit diagram. This is shown in the preceding signal diagram in
section ’B’.
IMPORTANT
Function Relay Types
4-19
A latched relay is automatically switched off if the
power fails or if the device is in Stop mode.
Exception: Retentive coils retain signal 1 (see What is
Retention? on page 7-1).
The function relays are used to simulate some of the devices used in
conventional relay control systems. Pico provides the following
function relay types:
Circuit Diagram Symbol
Function Relay Type
Timing relay, on-delayed
Timing relay, on-delayed with random switching
Timing relay, off-delayed
Timing relay, off-delayed with random switching
Timing relay, single pulse
Timing relay, flashing
D
C
R
Counter relay, up/down counter
Time switch, weekday/time
(only in Pico models with real time clock)
Analog comparator relay
(only in Pico 24V dc models)
Text display
A function relay is started via its relay coil or by evaluating a
parameter. It switches the contact of the function relay according to its
function and the set parameters. Current actual values are erased if the
power is turned off or if the unit is switched to Stop mode.
Exception: Retentive coils retain their signal (see Chapter 7).
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-20
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
In timing and counter relays, it is also possible to change the
switching behavior via the coil function.
ATTENTION
In Run mode, Pico processes the function relays after
a pass through the circuit diagram. The last state of
the coils is used for this.
Only use the coil of a function relay once.
Exception: The same coil can be used several times
when working with jumps.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Example with Timing and
Counter Relays
4-21
A warning light flashes when the counter reaches 10.
Hard-Wire with Relays
CNTR1
Count
S1
S2
Reset
T1
CNTR1
2.00 sec
PL1
T1
R
+24V
0V
F1
S1
S2
I5---------CC1
I6---------RC1
+24 V
C1---------TT1
T1---------{Q1
1
com
I5 I6
2
Q1
M1
0V
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-22
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Use Circuit Diagram Forms
You can use the circuit diagram form on page B-1 of this manual for
planning and preparing your Pico circuit diagrams. An example form
is shown below and on the next page.
Customer:
Date:
J. Smith Ltd.
5-1-00
Program:
Warning Light
Page:
1
Comment:
Counter (Value 10)
Reset Counter
Trigger flash/blink relay
Warning light, flash 2s
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
J. Smith Ltd.
Customer:
Warning Light
Program:
5-1-00
Date:
4-23
2
Page:
Timing relays
:
:
:
TRG
T
:
:
TRG
RES
T
:
TRG
RES
T
RES
Analog comparators
ANALOG
ANALOG
ANALOG
A
A
A
Timing switches
-
-
-
ON
:
ON
:
ON
:
OFF
:
OFF
:
OFF
:
Up/down counters
DIR
CNT
RES
DIR
C
CNT
RES
DIR
C
CNT
C
RES
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-24
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
I5----------CC1
1. Enter the circuit diagram up to CC1.
CC1 is the contact of counter relay 1. If the cursor is on the
contact number, Pico will call up the parameter display when
you press Ok.
2. Move the cursor onto the 1 in CC1 and press Ok.
C1 N
S
+
The parameter set for the counter is displayed.
+0
3. Move the cursor onto the plus sign to the right of the S
(setpoint) and press Ok.
C1 N
S
+
4. Change the counter setpoint to 10:
00000
Use the left and right buttons to move the cursor onto the tens
digit.
C1 N
S
+
Use the up and down buttons to modify the value of the digit.
00010
5. Press Ok to save the value and Esc to return to the circuit
diagram. Pico has specific parameter displays for function relays.
The meaning of these parameters is explained under each relay
type.
I5----------CC1
I6----------RC1
C1----------TT1
6. Enter the circuit diagram up to contact ’TT1’ of the timing relay.
Set the parameters for T1.
The timing relay works like a flasher/blink relay. The Pico
symbol for the flasher/blink relay is shown in the screen to the
left. It is set at the top left of the parameter display.
T1 Ü
I1
+0
I2
+0
7. Press the down arrow and select the flasher/blink relay symbol.
S +
T:
8. Use the right arrow to move to the first time setpoint I1.
9. Press Ok, then press the right arrow.
10. Use the arrows to enter the value 01.000 and press Ok.
T1 Ü
S +
I1
01.000
I2
00.500
The time setpoint I1 for the pause time is 1 second.
11. Use the down arrow to enter the value of the second setpoint I2.
T:
Set this value to 0.5 seconds. This is the time value for the pulse
time.
12. Press Esc to leave the parameter entry.
The values are now stored.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
I5----------CC1
I6----------RC1
C1----------TT1
T1----------{Q1
4-25
13. Complete the circuit diagram.
14. Press Ok to store the circuit diagram.
Test Circuit Using Power Flow Display
1. Switch Pico to Run mode and return to the circuit diagram.
Each parameter set can be displayed using the power flow
display for the circuit diagram.
2. Move the cursor onto C1 and press Ok.
C1 N
S
+
0010
The parameter set for the counter is displayed with actual and
setpoint values.
C: 0000
3. Switch I5. The actual value changes.
C1 N
S
+
0010
This is represented in the Pico parameter display. In the last line C:
0007 the counter actual value is equal to seven.
C: 0007
C1 N
S
+
0010
C: 0010
If the actual value is greater than or equal to the setpoint (10), the left
character on the bottom row changes to a black box. The contact of
counter C1 switches.
The counter contact triggers the timing relay. This causes the warning
light to flash at output Q1.
Double the flashing frequency:
T1 Ü
S +
S1
00.500
S2
00.250
1. Select T1 in the power flow display and press Ok.
T: 00.200
2. Change the set time I1 to 00.500 and I2 to 00.250
(0.5 and 0.25 s).
3. Press Ok to save the set time.
The character on the left of the bottom row indicates whether the
contact has switched or not.
Protect Timer and Counter Settings
You can also modify parameter settings via the PARAMETER menu
option. If you want to prevent other people from modifying the
parameters, change the access enable symbol from ’+’ to ’-’ when
creating the circuit diagram and protect the circuit diagram with a
password.
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4-26
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Timing Relays
Pico provides sixteen different timing relays, T1 to T16.
A timing relay is used to change the switching duration and the make
and break times of a relay contact. The possible delay times range
between 2 ms and 100 hours. You can use positive values, values of
analog inputs, and actual values of counter relays and timing relays.
IMPORTANT
The timing relays of Pico Series B controllers
function in the same way as the timing relays of Pico
Series A controllers.
The one exception is the ’flash’ function. Pico Series
B starts with the pulse. In Series A controllers the
’flash’ function starts with the pause. If required, the
same timing relays can also be used for retentive
data.
I5-I4-------TT1
T1----------{Q3
You integrate a timing relay into your circuit in the form of a contact
and coil.
Contact
Coil
T1 to T16
Contact of a timing relay
TT1 to TT16
Enable, timing relay trigger
RT1 to RT16
Reset coil of the timing relay
HT1 to HT16
Stop coil of the timing relay (H=Stop, S means the Set
coil function
IMPORTANT
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
To prevent unpredictable switching states, use each
coil of a relay only once in the circuit diagram.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-27
Parameter Display and Parameter Set for a Timing Relay
T1 X
I1
I2
S +
00.000
00.000
T:
T1
Timing relay number 1
X
On-delayed mode
S
Time range in seconds
• + appears in the Parameter menu
+
• - does not appear in the Parameter menu
I1
Time setpoint 1:
• Positive value, I7, I8, I11, I12
• Actual value T1 to T16, C1 to C16
I2
Time setpoint 2:
• Positive value, I7, I8, I11, I12
• Actual value T1 to T16, C1 to C16
T:
Display of actual value in Run mode
In the parameter display of a timing relay you can change the mode,
the time base, the time setpoint 1, time setpoint 2 (if necessary) and
the enable of the parameter display.
Compatibility Between Pico Series A and Pico Series B Controllers
New functions have been added to the parameter display of the Pico
Series B Controllers. The Series A parameters can be found at the
following points:
Pico Series A
X
S
{
AA.BB
TRG
RES
Actual value of elapsed time
Contact has not switched
Contact has switched
Pico Series B
T1
X
S
T1 AA.BB
+
=
=
=
=
=
T1 X
I1
I2
T1
X
S
AA.BB
+
S +
10.000
00.000
T1 X
I1
I2
S +
AA.BB
T:
Mode, time base
Time setpoint 1
Time setpoint 2
T: 03.305
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Programming a Timing Relay
A timing relay is integrated into your circuit in the form of a contact.
The function of the relay is defined via the parameter display. The
relay is started via the trigger input TRG and can be reset via the reset
Task:
input RES. A timer also resets when it is turned off. To prevent
Turn on output Q1 1.5 min. unpredictable switching states, use each coil of a relay only once in
after actuation via I1.
the circuit diagram.
Disable T2 via I2.
Circuit Diagram:
I1---------TT2
I2---------RT2
T 2 --------{Q1
Parameter Display:
T2 X
I1
I2
M:S +
01.500
00.000
T: 00.000
At least two elements are needed in the circuit diagram for a timing
relay:
• A relay contact in the contact field, in this case T2.
• A trigger coil in the coil field, in this case TT2.
You can also wire up the reset coil RT2 if you wish to use an external
reset signal. Enter the number of the relay contact T2 and press Ok.
The parameter set for timing relay T2 is displayed. Specify the
function of the relay.
Parameters for Timers
The parameter display for a timing relay is used to modify the
switching function, setpoint time and timebase units and to enable or
disable parameter access.
Switch Function
Timebase Units
T1
I1
I2
S +
00.000
30.000
Parameter Display
Current Value
Setpoint
T: 00.000
The coil terminals are not shown if you access the parameters via the
PARAMETER menu option. The actual time is only displayed in Run
mode. To view the actual time, call up the parameter display via the
power flow display or using the PARAMETER option.
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4-29
Switch Function Description
Parameters
Switch with on-delay
X
?X
Switch with on-delay and random time range
Switch with off-delay
Switch with off-delay and random time range
Switch with single-pulse
Switch with flashing
X
Typically, delay times are >40 ms for the 1760-L12xxx and >80 ms for
the 1760-L18xxx. This is because a time value less than the maximum
scan time of the Pico controllers may cause uncontrolled switching
states.
Time Units and Setpoint Time Parameters
Resolution
S 00.00
Seconds 10 x milliseconds, 00.00 to 99.99
10 ms
M:S 00:00
Minutes: seconds, 00:00 to 99:59
1s
H:M 00:00
Hours: minutes, 00:00 to 99:59
1 min.
Parameter Set Displayed via the PARAMETER Menu Option
+
Access enabled
-
Access disabled
Timing Relays, On-Delay, Without and With Random Switching
The relay switches a contact after the setpoint delay has elapsed. With
random switching, the relay contact switches randomly at any time up
to the specified time value (shown shaded in figure).
X
?X
Timing Diagram
Trigger
Reset
On
On
On
Output
t
A
t
B
t
C
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
The trigger input starts the time (t). If the trigger input is disabled after
the time has elapsed, timer is reset and the output is turned off (A). If
the trigger coil drops out before the time has elapsed, the contact is
not turned on (B). The reset coil has priority over the trigger coil and
always resets the timer and turns the output off (C). If the preset is set
to zero, the output follows immediately after the trigger signal.
Typical applications include:
• Switching conveyor belts on or off after a delay
• Detecting gaps in the switching of sensors in the event of a fault
• Automatic window shutter control with random switching times
Timing Relays, Off-Delayed With and Without Random Switching
?
The relay switches a contact immediately and then resets it after the
setpoint delay has elapsed. With random switching, the relay contact
switches randomly at any time up to the specified time value (shown
shaded in figure).
Timing Diagram
Trigger
Reset
On
On
On
Output
t
A
B
t
C
The trigger coil switches the contact. If the trigger coil (A) drops out,
the setpoint time starts and resets the contact after the time has
elapsed. The reset coil has priority over the trigger coil and always
resets the relay contact (B, C). If the time is set to zero, the contact
follows immediately after the trigger signal.
Typical applications include:
• Activating the deceleration of motors or fans
• Automatic lighting control for vacant buildings with random
switching times
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4-31
Timing Relays, Single Pulse
The relay switches a contact for a time equal to the delay time set,
regardless of the length of the trigger signal.
Signal Diagram:
On
Trigger
On
Reset
On
Output
t
t
The reset coil has priority over the trigger coil and resets the relay
contact before the time has elapsed. If the time is set to zero, the
contact is set for the duration of one program scan.
The cycle time varies according to the length of the circuit diagram.
Typical applications include:
• Adjusting switching signals to a defined pulse length
• Shortening pulses to the duration of a cycle (one-shot)
Timing Relays, Flashing
The relay closes and opens the relay contact alternately with the
flashing frequency.
= flash
1
Flash Frequency = -------------------------------2 × Set Time
EXAMPLE
1
Set Time: 0.2s, Flash Frequency = ---------- = 2.5 Hz
0.4s
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Signal Diagram:
Trigger
On
On
Reset
On
Output
t
t
t
The trigger coil enables the flashing on and off. The flashing period
starts with switch position ‘off’. The reset coil has priority over the
trigger coil and always resets the relay contact.
If the time is set to zero, the flash frequency changes with the cycle
time. The cycle time varies according to the length of the circuit
diagram.
A typical application is activating warning lamps.
Counter Relays
D
Pico works with counter relays C1 to C16.
C
R
The counter relay adds or subtracts pulses and switches if the actual
value is greater than or equal to the setpoint value. Values between
0000 and 9999 are possible.
A counter relay can be controlled via the counting pulse CCx,
counting direction DCx and reset RCx relay functions.
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-33
Signal Diagram:
Count
On
CCx
On
Direction DCx
A
Reset
RCx
8
6
4
2
0
Output
B
C
D
On
7
5
3
1
On
The relay contact of a counter with setpoint value 6 switches when
the actual value is 6 (A). If the counting direction is reversed (B), the
contact switches off when the actual value is 5. Without a counting
pulse, the actual value is retained (C). The reset coil resets the counter
to 0 (D).
Possible applications include the counting of components, lengths or
event frequency.
Program a Counter Relay
You can integrate a counter relay into your program in the form of a
contact and coil. Counter relay C1 receives counting pulses via the
count coil CC1. The counting direction can be changed via the
direction coil DC1:
• If DC1 = 0, relay C1 counts up.
• If DC1 = 1, relay C1 counts down.
The Reset coil RC1 is used to reset the counter to 0.
Contact C1 is used to process the result of the counter in the circuit
diagram. To prevent unpredictable operation, use each coil of a relay
only once in the circuit diagram.
Enter at least one contact and a coil in your circuit diagram:
• A relay contact in the contact field, in this case C1
• A count coil in the coil field, in this case CC1
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
I1---------CC1
I3---------DC1
I2---------RC1
C 1 --------{Q1
You can wire up coils RC1 and DC1 as required. Select relay contact
C1, move the cursor to 1 and press Ok.
The parameter set for counter relay C1 is displayed.
Determine Counter Frequency
{
{
0005
DIR
CNT
C1
RES
+
The maximum counter frequency depends on the length of the circuit
diagram in Pico. The number of contacts, coils and circuit connections
used determines the scan time (cycle time) required to process the
Pico circuit diagram.
EXAMPLE
When using a Pico with only three circuit
connections for counting, resetting and outputting
the result via the output, the counter frequency may
be 100 Hz.
To determine the scan time refer to Determine Cycle Time of Circuit
Diagrams on page 8-3.
The maximum counter frequency depends on the maximum scan
time.
Use the following formula to determine the maximum counter
frequency:
1
f c = -------------- × 0.8
2 × tc
fc = maximum counter frequency
tc = maximum scan time
0.8 = correction factor
EXAMPLE
The maximum scan time is tc = 4000 µs (4 ms).
1
f c = --------------------- × 0.8 = 100 Hz
2 × 4 ms
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4-35
Parameters for Counters
The parameter display for counters is used to change the counter
setpoint value and to enable or disable parameter access.
C2 N
S
+
00.000
C2
Counter function relay number 2
• Mode N: up/down counter
N
• Mode H: high-speed up/down counter
• Mode F: frequency counter
• + appears in the Parameter menu
+
• - does not appear in the Parameter
menu.
S
Setpoint, constant from 00000 to 32000
Parameter
Coil Function
Meaning
DIR
DC1 to DC16
Counting direction
Coil not triggered: count up
Coil triggered: count down
CNT
CC1 to CC16
Counting pulse
RES
RC1 to RC16
Reset, coil triggered: actual value reset to
00000
The symbol ‘{‘ before DIR, CNT and RES indicates whether the coil
function is programmed in the circuit diagram.
Parameters Displayed via the PARAMETER Menu Option
+
Access enabled
-
Access disabled
The actual value is only displayed in Run mode. The parameter
display can then be called via the power flow display or via the
PARAMETER option from the main menu.
The coil symbol is not displayed if you select the parameter display
via the PARAMETER menu option.
The counter relay counts between 0 and 32000.
When the Pico is in Run mode and the value of 32000 is reached, this
value is retained until the count direction is changed. If the value of
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
00000 is reached, this value is retained until the count direction is
changed.
Compatibility between Pico Series A Controllers and Pico Series B Controllers
{
{
{
High Speed Counters
0230 0000
DIR
CNT
C1
RES
+
AAAA
C1
+
=
=
=
S AAAAA
C1
+
C1 N
S
+
AAAAA
Pico provides various high-speed counter functions. These counter
function blocks are coupled directly to digital inputs. The following
functions are possible:
• Frequency counters: C15 and C16
• High-speed counters: C13 and C14
Frequency Counters
Pico provides two frequency counters, C15 and C16, for use as
required. The frequency counters can be used for measuring
frequencies. The high-speed frequency counters are permanently
connected to the digital inputs I3 and I4.
Frequency counters C15 and C16 can be used for determining motor
speeds, volume measurement using volume meters or the running of
a motor.
The frequency counter allows you to enter an upper threshold value
as a comparison value. The C15 and C16 frequency counters are not
dependent on the cycle time.
Counter Frequency and Pulse Shape
The maximum counter frequency is 1 kHz and the minimum counter
frequency is 4 Hz. The signals must be square waves with a
mark-to-space ratio of 1:1. If this is not the case, then the minimum
mark-to-space ratio is 0.5 ms.
1
t min = 0.5 × --------f max
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tmin = minimum time of the pulse or pause duration
fmax = maximum count frequency (1 kHz)
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
IMPORTANT
4-37
Frequency counters operate independently of the
program cycle time. The result of the actual value
setpoint comparison is only transferred once every
program cycle for processing in the circuit diagram.
The reaction time in relation to the setpoint/actual
value comparison can therefore be up to one cycle.
Measurement Method
The pulses on the input are counted for one second regardless of the
cycle time, and the frequency is determined. The measurement result
is provided as an actual value.
Wire a Frequency Counter
The following assignment of the digital inputs apply.
• I3 counter input for frequency counter C15.
• I4 counter input for frequency counter C16.
IMPORTANT
-----------CC15
CC15--------SQ3
If you use C15 or C16 as frequency counters, coils
DC15 or DC16 will have no function. The counter
signals are transferred directly from the digital inputs
I3 and I4 to the counters. A frequency counter
measures the actual value and does not measure a
direction.
You only integrate a frequency counter into your circuit in the form of
a contact and enable coil. The coils and contacts have the following
meanings:
I8----------RC15
Contact
Coil
C15 to C16
Description
The contact switches if the actual
value is greater than or equal to the
setpoint.
CC15, CC16
Enable of the frequency counter on ’1’
state, coil activated.
RC15, RC16
Reset, coil triggered: actual value reset
to 00000.
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IMPORTANT
The frequency counter can also be enabled
specifically for a special operating state. This has the
advantage that the cycle time of the device is only
burdened with the frequency measurement when it
is taking place. If the frequency counter is not
enabled, the cycle time of the device is shorter.
Parameter Display and Parameter Set for Frequency Counter
C15 F
S
00200
+
C15
Counter function relay number 15
F
Mode F: frequency counter
• + appears in the Parameter menu.
+
• - does not appear in Parameter menu.
S
Setpoint, constant from 00000 to 01000 (32000 is a possible setting, the
maximum frequency is 1 kHz).
In the parameter display of a counter relay you change the mode, the
setpoint and the enable of the parameter display.
Value Range
The counter relay counts between 4 and 1000 (Hz).
Parameter display in Run mode:
C15 F
S
00200
C:00153
+
Current setpoint, constant
Contact has not switched.
Contact has switched. Actual value (0153)
Retention
Setting retention on the frequency counter serves no purpose since
the frequency is continuously measured.
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4-39
Function of the Frequency Counter
1: Counter input I3 or I4.
2: Upper Setpoint.
3: Enable coil CC...
4: Reset coil RC...
5: Contact (make contact) C... upper setpoint value reached.
tg: Gate time for the frequency measurement.
1
2
• Range A: The counter is enabled. Contact C15 (C16)
switches after a frequency above the setpoint was
measured for the first time.
• Range B: If the actual value falls below the setpoint,
the contact is reset. The removal of the enable signal
resets the actual value to zero.
• Range C: The counter is enabled. After a frequency
above the setpoint was measured for the first time,
contact C15 (C16) switches.
• Range D: The reset coil resets the actual value to zero.
B
A
D
C
3
4
5
tg
tg
tg
tg
tg
tg
tg
tg
tg
High Speed Counter
You can use the high-speed counters to count high frequency signals
reliably.
Pico provides two high-speed up/down counters, C13 and C14, for
use as required. The high-speed counter inputs are permanently
connected to the digital inputs I1 and I2. These counter relays allow
you to count events independently of the cycle time.
The high-speed counters allow you to enter an upper threshold value
as a comparison value. The C13 and C14 high-speed counters are not
dependent on the cycle time.
Counter Frequency and Pulse Shape
The maximum counter frequency is 1 kHz.
The signals must be square waves. We recommend a mark-to-space
ratio of 1:1.
If this is not the case: The minimum mark-to-space ratio is 0.5 ms.
1
t min = 0.5 × --------f max
tmin = minimum time of the pulse or pause duration
fmax = maximum count frequency (1 kHz)
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
IMPORTANT
High-speed counters operate independently of the
program cycle time. The results of the actual value
setpoint comparison is only transferred once every
program cycle for processing in the circuit diagram.
The reaction time in relation to the setpoint/actual
value comparison can therefore be up to one cycle
in length.
Wire a High-Speed Counter
The following assignment of the digital inputs apply.
• I1: High-speed counter input for counter C13.
• I2: High-speed counter input for counter C14.
IMPORTANT
-----------CC13
C13--------SN3
I6---------DC13
I8-C13-----RC13
If you use C13 or C14 as high-speed counters you
must enable them with the coil CC13 or CC14
accordingly.
You integrate a high-speed counter into your circuit in the form of a
contact and coil.
The coils and contacts have the following meanings:
Contact
Coil
C13 to C14
The contact switches if the actual value is greater than
or equal to the setpoint.
CC13, CC14
Enable of the high-speed counter on 1 signal coil
activated.
DC13, DC14
Counting direction:
• Status 0, not activated, up counting.
• Status 1, activated, down counting.
RC13, RC14
IMPORTANT
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Reset, coil triggered: Actual value reset to 00000.
The high-speed counter can also be enabled
specifically for a special operating state. This has the
advantage that the cycle time of the device is only
burdened with the counting when it is taking place.
If the high-speed counter is not enabled, the cycle
time of the device is shorter.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-41
Parameter Display and Parameter Set for the High-Speed Counter
C13 H
S
00950
+
C13
Counter function relay number 13.
H
H - High-speed counter mode.
• + appears in the Parameter menu.
+
• - does not appear in the Parameter
menu.
S
Setpoint, constant from 00000 to 32000.
In the parameter display of a counter relay you change the mode, the
setpoint and the enable of the parameter display.
Value Range
The counter relay is in Run mode.
Behavior When Value Range is Reached
The Pico control relay is in Run mode.
The value is retained if the counter reaches 32000. If the counter
counts down and reaches 0, this value is retained.
Parameter display in Run mode:
C13 H
S
00200
C:00877
+
Current setpoint, constant
Contact has not switched.
Contact has switched. Actual value (0153)
Retention
The high-speed counter can be run with the retentive actual value.
You can select the retentive counter relays in the System menu by
selecting Retention. C5 to C7, C8 and C13 to C16 can be selected.
If a counter relay is retentive, the actual value is retained when the
operating mode changes from Run to Stop as well as when the power
supply is switched off.
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When Pico is restarted in Run mode, the counter relay continues with
the retentively stored actual value.
1: Count pulses at counter input I1 (I2)
2: Setpoint of the counter.
3: Actual value of the counter.
4: Enable of the counter, CC13 (CC14).
5: Count direction, direction coil DC13 (DC14).
6: Reset coil of the counter RC13 (RC14).
7: Contact of the counter, C13 (C14).
1
......... .........
.........
2
4
• Range A: The relay contact C13 (C14) of the counter
with setpoint value 512 switches as soon as the
actual value is 512.
3
• Range B: When new count pulses or the counter
enable is not present, the actual value is retained.
4
3
2
1
0
A
B
C
D
E
F
• Range C: If the count direction is reversed DC13
5
(DC14), the contact is reset when the actual value is
511.
6
• Range D: The count direction is set to ‘up counting’.
• Range E: The Reset coil RC13 (RC14) resets the
counter to 0. No pulses are counted.
7
• Range F: The Reset coil is not active; pulses are
counted.
Time Switch
All versions of Pico are equipped with a real-time clock except the
units with the ’-NC’ designation. The procedure for setting the time is
described in Set Date, Time, and Daylight Saving Time on page 6-9.
Pico has 8 time switches, providing a total of 32 switching times.
Each time switch has four channels which you can use to set four on
and off times. The channels are set via the parameter display.
The real-time clock has a back-up battery. This means that it
continues to run in the event of a power failure, although the time
switch relays do not operate. The technical data in Appendix A
contains details on the battery back-up time.
TIP
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
If you wish to load an existing Pico Series A
Controller circuit diagram, the existing time switch
functions are retained. The Pico Series B Controller
time switch operates in the same way as a Series A
Controller.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-43
Compatibility between Pico Series A Controllers and Pico Series B Controllers
AA-BB
--:-ON
OFF --:--
Ö1
A
+
Ö1
AA-BB
A
ON--:-OFF--:-+
=
=
=
=
=
=
Ö1
AA-BB
A
ON--:-OFF--:-+
1 A
D
ON
+
AA-BB
--:--
OFF --:--
Parameters for Time Switch
A time switch has four sets of parameters, one for each channel (A, B,
C and D). These are used to set the day of the week and the turn-on
and turn-off times for the desired channels and to enable or disable
parameter access. Changing the switching times is described in
Chapter 7.
1 A
D
ON
SU
+
You can only change the ’+’/’–’ setting for displaying the parameters
via the PARAMETER menu option when you are editing the circuit
diagram.
--:--
OFF --:--
Ö1
7-day time switch function relay 1.
A, B, C, D
Time switch channels
+
• + Appears in the Parameter menu.
• - Does not appear in the Parameter menu.
D
Day setting, from -- to --.
ON
On time.
OFF
Off time.
The current time only appears in the parameter display in Run mode.
Call up the parameter display in Run mode via the power flow display
or via PARAMETER in the main menu.
Switch-On and Switch-Off Times
Parameter
Meaning
Valid Setpoint Times
Day of the week
Monday to Sunday
MO, TU, WE, TH, FR, SA, SU
On time
Hours: minutes:
No time set: “--:--”
00:00 to 23:59, --:--
Off time
Hours: minutes:
No time set: “--:--”
00:00 to 23:59, --:--
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Parameter Set Displayed via the PARAMETER Menu Option
+
Access enabled
Access disabled
Example 1
Time switch 1 turns on Monday through Friday between 6:30 am and
9:00 am and between 5:00 pm and 10:30 pm.
1 A
D
MO-FR
ON
06:30
OFF 09:00
+
1 B
D
MO-FR
ON
17:00
OFF 22:30
+
Signal Diagram:
MO
TU
WE
TH
FR
SA
SU
A on
B on
on
Output
Example 2
Time switch 2 turns on at 4:00 pm on Friday and switches off at 6:00
am on Monday.
2 A
D
FR
ON
16:00
OFF --:--
+
2 B
D
MO
ON
--:-OFF 06:00
Signal Diagram:
FR
A on
B on
on
Output
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
SA
SU
MO
+
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-45
Example 3
Time switch 3 turns on overnight at 10:00 pm on Monday and
switches off at 6:00 am on Tuesday.
+
3 D
D
MO
ON
22:00
OFF 06:00
Signal Diagram:
MO
TU
D on
on
Output
If the Off time is before the On time, Pico will switch
off on the following day.
IMPORTANT
Example 4
The time settings of a time switch can overlap. The clock turns on at
4:00 pm on Monday, whereas on Tuesday and Wednesday it turns on
at 10:00 am. On Monday to Wednesday the turn-off time is 10:00 pm.
+
4 A
D
ON
OFF
MO-WE
16:00
22:00
+
4 B
D
ON
OFF
TU-WE
10:00
00:00
Signal Diagram:
MO
A
B
on
on
TU
WE
TH
16:00-22:00
10:00-24:00
on
Output
10:00-22:00
Turn-on and turn-off times always follow the channel which switches
first.
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Example 5
The power to Pico is removed between 3:00 pm and 5:00 pm. The
relay drops out and remains off, even after the power returns, since
the first switch-off time was at 4:00 pm.
4 A
D
MO-SU
ON
12:00
OFF 16:00
+
+
4 B
D
MO-SU
ON
12:00
OFF 18:00
When it is powered on, Pico always updates the switching state on
the basis of all the available switching time settings.
Example 6
The time switch is to operate for 24 hours. Turn-on time at 0:00 on
Monday and turn-off time at 0:00 on Tuesday.
1 A
D
MO
ON
00:00
OFF --:--
+
1 B
D
TU
ON
--:-OFF 00:00
+
Program a Time Switch
A time switch can be integrated into your circuit in the form of a
contact. Use the parameter display to set the switch-on and switch-off
times.
1 ---------{Q3
1. Enter the relay contact for the time switch in the contact field.
The cursor is over the contact number of the time switch.
2. Press Ok to set the switching times.
The parameter set for the first channel is displayed.
1 A
D
MO-FR
ON
OFF
06:00
22:30
+
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3. Set the switching times for the parameter set.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Analog Comparators
4-47
Analog comparators are only available with 12V dc and 24V dc
models. An analog value comparator or threshold value switch
enables you to compare analog input values with a setpoint, the
actual value of another function relay or another analog input. This
enables you to implement small controller tasks such as two point
controllers very easily.
• The analog inputs of the 1760-L12 are I7 and I8.
• The analog inputs of the 1760-L18 and 1760-L20 are I7, I8, I11
and I12.
IMPORTANT
Compatibility with Pico Series A Controllers:
If you have loaded an existing Pico Series A circuit
diagram, the previous comparator functions and
values are retained. The analog value comparator
function relay can work in Pico Series B Controllers
in the same way as in Series A Controllers. The
setpoints are converted to the new resolution of the
analog inputs.
Pico provides sixteen analog comparators ‘A1’ to ‘A16’.
A comparator can perform six different comparisons. The relay
contact switches if the comparison conditions are true.
• I7 greater than or equal to I8, I7 less than or equal to I8
• I7 greater than or equal to setpoint, I7 less than or equal to
setpoint
• I8 greater than or equal to setpoint, I8 less than or equal to
setpoint
Both the setpoint value and the actual value correspond to the
measured voltages.
The resolution of the voltage values from 0.0 to 10.0V dc is in 0.1V
steps.
If the voltage at the input terminal is above 10V dc, the comparator
value stays at 10.0V dc.
You can enter the setpoint values for a comparison while you are
creating the circuit diagram or in the parameter display in Run mode.
A typical application would be to evaluate the analog values of
sensors, e.g. to measure pressure or temperature.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-48
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
EQ
+0
+0
+0
+0
+0
+0
Parameter Display
Parameter
Description
A1
Analog value comparator function relay 1.
EQ
Equal mode.
The function rerlay has the following modes:
• LT - less than
• LE - less than/equal to
• EQ - equal to
• GE - greater than/equal to
• GT - greater than
+
+ appears in the Parameter menu.
- does not appear in the Parameter menu.
I1
Comparison value 1 (positive value I7, I8, I11, I12; actual value T1 to T16,
C1 to C16).
F1
Gain factor for I1 (I1=F1 x actual value at I1); F1 = positive value from 0 to
9999.
I2
Comparison value 2 (positive value I7, I8, I11, I12; actual value T1 to T16,
C1 to C16).
F2
Gain factor for I2 (I2=F2 x actual value at I2); F2 = positive value from 0 to
9999.
OS
Offset for the value of I1 (I1 = OS + plus actual value at I1); OS = positive
value from 0 to 9999.
HY
Switching hysteresis for value I2.
Value HY applies both to positive and negative hysteresis.
• I2 = Actual value at I2 + HY
• I2 = Actual value at I2 - HY
• HY = Positive value from 0 to 9999.
I1-A1------SQ1
A2------RQ1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
EXAMPLE
Analog comparator ‘A1’ latches (sets) relay Q1 if the
actual value drops below the lower setpoint value of
7.1 V. Comparator ‘A2’ unlatches (resets) the relay if
it rises above the upper setpoint value of 7.5 V. Thus,
the difference (switching hysteresis) between the
two voltage setpoint values is 0.4 V.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-49
The parameter settings are:
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
LE
+7.1
+0
+0
+0
+0
+0.4
A2
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
GE
+7.1
+0
+7.5
+0
+0
+0.4
Timing Diagram:
[V]
10
7,5
7,1
5
A
BC
D
I7
A1
A2
A1
on
Output
A1 sets relay output Q1 (A) up to a voltage of 7.1V. The hysteresis (B)
is between 7.1V and 7.5V. At 7.5V, A2 causes the relay to reset (C). Q1
drops out and does not pick up again until A1 is set at 7.1V (D).
IMPORTANT
ATTENTION
Analog signals of sensors typically fluctuate by
several millivolts. For stable set and reset switching,
the setpoints should differ by at least 0.2V (switching
hysteresis).
To prevent the uncontrolled switching of the relay
coils only use the Set and Reset functions with the
analog comparators.
Program Analog Comparators
You integrate an analog comparator into your program in the form of
a contact. Use the parameter display to select one of six possible
comparators and enter the setpoint values.
A 1 ---------SQ3
1. Enter the relay contact for the analog comparator in the contact
field.
The cursor moves to the contact number of the comparator.
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4-50
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
2. Press Ok to switch to the parameter display.
The parameter set for the first comparator is displayed.
3. Use the left and right arrows to move the cursor to the field
greater than or equal to. Use the up and down arrows to select
one of the comparator relays.
I7 is greater than or equal
to I8
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
GE
I7
+0
I8
+0
+0
+0
I7 is less than or equal to
I8
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
LE
I7
+0
I8
+0
+0
+0
I7 is greater than or equal I7 is less than or equal to
to Setpoint
Setpoint
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
GE
I7
+0
0.0
+0
+0
+0
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
LE
I7
+0
0.0
+0
+0
+0
I8 is greater than or equal I8 is less than or equal to
Setpoint
to Setpoint
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
GE
I8
+0
0.0
+0
+0
+0
A1
I1
F1
I2
F2
OS
HY
LE
I8
+0
0.0
+0
+0
+0
4. Press Ok to finish or enter another setpoint value. Press Esc to
return to the circuit diagram display.
Text Display
Series B Pico controllers allow you to display sixteen user-defined text
displays which can be edited in PicoSoft v.6.1 and higher. These texts
can be triggered by the actual values of function relays such as timing
relays, counters, operating hours counters, analog value comparators,
date, time or scaled analog values. The setpoints of timing relays,
counters, operating hours counters and analog value comparators can
be modified when the text is displayed. The text displays are saved in
the PicoSoft file or on the 1760-MM2B memory module.
If you need to load an existing 1760-18xxx, Series A circuit diagram,
the available text display functions are retained. The text display in
Series B controllers operates in the same way as in a Series A
controller.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-51
Example
Pico text
display can
be very
useful!!
Circuit Diagram Elements Text Display
Contacts
Make Contact
D
Break Contact
D
Numbers
1 to 8
Coils
D
Numbers
1 to 8
Coil functions
{, S, R
LCD Display
The LCD display can show up to 12 characters per line and up to 4
lines.
Variables
Actual values and setpoints of timing relays and counters, as well as
the current time, can be displayed in lines 2 or 3, character positions 5
to 8 (character positions 5 to 9 for time display). If you have entered
text at these locations, they will be overwritten by the variable values.
Enter a blank space as the placeholder, in order to continue text after
the variable display.
Function
The text display relays (D) function in the circuit diagram as normal
output instructions. All eight text display relays can be used
retentively.
If text is assigned to a text display, it will be displayed on the LCD if
the coil is set to 1. For this to happen, Pico must be in Run mode and
the status display must be showing before the text is activated.
The following conditions apply to D2 and D8:
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
When activating several text displays, they are displayed automatically
every 4 s in succession. This process is repeated until:
•
•
•
•
•
none of the display relays are set to 1
stop mode is selected
the Pico power is turned off
the Ok or Del + Alt buttons are used to switch to a menu, or
the text for D1 is displayed
The following applies to D1:
D1 is designed as an alarm text and takes precedence over all other
text displays. If D1 is activated, the text assigned to it is displayed
until:
•
•
•
•
the coil D1 is reset to 0
stop mode is selected
the Pico power supply is switched off, or
the Ok or Del + Alt buttons are used to switch to a menu
Text Entry
Text entry is only possible using PicoSoft version 2.1 and higher.
Character Set
All alphabetic characters in upper and lower case are allowed.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
The following special characters are also allowed:
! “” # $% &’ ( ) * +, –. / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Examples
Counter with actual value
and setpoint
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Analog values scaled as
temperature values
D1 as error message on
fuse failure
QUANTITY
TEMPERATURE
FUSE
QTY.0042
A
FAULT
SETP0500 PCE
!COUNTING!
I
+018DEG.
HEATING
-010DEG.
HOUSE 1
FAILED!
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Jumps
4-53
The 1760-L18xxx allows the use of jumps. Jumps can be used to
optimize the structure of a program or to implement the function of a
selector switch. For example, jumps can be used to select whether
manual/automatic operation or other machine programs are to be set.
Jumps consist of a jump location and a jump destination (label).
Circuit Diagram Symbols for Jumps
Contact (Can Only Be Used as First Leftmost Contact)
Make Contact
:
Numbers
1 to 8
Coils
{
Numbers
1 to 8
Coil function
{
Function
If the jump coil is triggered, the circuit connections coming directly
after it are not processed. The states of the coils before the jump are
retained, unless they are overwritten in circuit connections that were
not missed by the jump. Jumps are always made going forward, i.e.
the jump ends on the first contact with the same number as that of the
coil.
• Coil = jump when 1
• Contact only at the first leftmost contact = Jump destination
The Jump contact point is always set to 1. Backward jumps are not
possible with Pico. If the jump label does not come after the jump
coil, the jump is made to the end of the circuit diagram. The last
circuit connection is also skipped.
If a jump destination is not preset, the jump is made to the end of the
circuit diagram.
Multiple use of the same jump coil and jump contact is possible as
long as this is implemented in pairs, for example:
• Coil {:1/jumped range/Contact:1
• Coil {:1/jumped range/Contact:1 etc.
TIP
The states of jumped circuit connections are
retained. The time value of timing relays that have
been started will continue to run.
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4-54
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Power Flow Display
Jumped ranges are indicated by the coils in the power flow display.
All coils after the jump coil are shown with the symbol of the jump
coil.
EXAMPLE
A selector switch allows two different sequences to
be set.
• Sequence 1: Switch on Motor 1 immediately.
• Sequence 2: Switch on Guard 2, Wait time, then
switch on Motor 1.
Contacts and relays used:
Coil
Function
I1
Sequence 1
I2
Sequence 2
I3
Guard 2 moved out
I12
Motor-protective circuit-breaker switched on
Q1
Motor 1
Q2
Guard 2
T1
Wait time 30.00 s, on-delayed
D1
Text ‘Motor-protective circuit-breaker tripped’
Circuit Diagram:
Power Flow Display: I1 selected:
I1----------{:1
I1----------{:1
I2----------{:2
I2-----------:2
:1
------------{Q1
:1
------------{Q1 Range from jump label 1
RQ2
RQ2
processed.
------------{:8
------------{:8 Jump to label 8.
:2----------{Q2
:2----------{Q2
Q2-I3-------TT2
Q2-I3-------TT2
T2----------{Q1
T2----------{Q1
:8
I12---------{D1
Jump label 8, circuit diagram
:8
I12---------{D1 processed from this point on.
Range to jump label 8 skipped.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Example Programs
4-55
The Pico circuit diagram is created using ladder logic. This section
contains a few programs intended to demonstrate possibilities for your
own circuit diagrams.
The values in the logic table have the following meanings for contacts:
• 0 = make contact open, break contact closed
• 1 = make contact closed, break contact open
For relay coils Qx:
• 0 = coil not energized
• 1 = coil energized
Negation
Negation means that the contact opens, rather than closes, when it is
actuated (NOT circuit).
In the Pico circuit diagram, press the Alt button to toggle contact I1
between break and make contact.
I1----------{Q1
Logic Table
I1
Q1
1
0
0
1
Permanent Contact (Unconditional Rung)
------------{Q1
To energize a relay coil continuously, make a connection of all contact
fields from the coil to the leftmost position.
Logic Table
---
Q1
1
1
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4-56
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Series Connection
I1-I2-I3-{Q1
I1-I2-I3-{Q2
Q1 is controlled by a series circuit consisting of three make contacts
(AND circuit).
Q2 is controlled by a series circuit consisting of three break contacts.
In the Pico circuit diagram, you can connect up to three make or
break contacts in series within a circuit connection. Use ‘M’ marker
relays if you need to connect more than three make contacts in series.
(see page 4-10)
Logic Table
I1
I2
I3
Q1
Q2
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
Parallel Connection
I1----------{Q1
Q1 is controlled by a parallel circuit consisting of three make contacts
(OR circuit).
I2
I3
A parallel circuit of break contacts controls Q2.
I1----------{Q2
Logic Table
I2
I1
I2
I3
Q1
Q2
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
I3
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-57
Logic Table
I1
I2
I3
Q1
Q2
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
Exclusive OR Circuit
This circuit is made in Pico using two series connections that are
combined to form a parallel connection (XOR).
XOR means that this circuit is an ‘Exclusive OR circuit’. Only if one
contact switches, can the coil be energized.
Logic Table
I1-I2-------{Q1
I1-I2
I1
I2
Q1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
Motor Start/Stop Circuit
A combination of a series and parallel connection is used to wire a
latching circuit.
Latching is established by contact Q1 which is parallel to I1. If I1 is
actuated and reopened, the current flows via contact Q1 until I2 is
actuated.
Logic Table
S1 make contact on I1
S2 break contact on I2
I1 Start
I2 Stop
Contact Q1
Coil Q1 Motor
0
0
0
0
I1-I2-------{Q1
0
1
0
0
Q1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
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4-58
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Latching circuits are used to switch machines on and off. The machine
is turned on when the normally open push button connected to input
terminal I1 is activated. The machine is turned off when the normally
closed push button connected to I2 is activated.
L1
STOP (S2)
START (S1)
I1
I2
Q1
M
L2
S2 opens the connection to the control voltage in order to turn off the
machine. This ensures that the machine will be turned off, even in the
event of a wire break.
I1----------SQ1
A self-latching circuit with wire break monitoring can alternatively be
wired using the Set and Reset coil functions.
I2----------RQ1
Relay Q1 is latched when I1 is turned on. I2 inverts the break contact
signal from S2 and does not switch until S2 is actuated. In this way,
the machine is switched off if a wire breaks.
Make sure that both coils are wired up in the correct order in the Pico
circuit diagram: first wire the “S” coil and then the “R” coil. This means
that the machine will be switched off when I2 is actuated, even if I1 is
switched on.
Flip-Flop Relay
A flip-flop relay is often used for controlling lighting such as for
staircase lighting. Press the push button wired to I1 once and the
lights turn on. Press the push button again and the lights turn off.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-59
Logic Table
I1---------- Q1
I1---------TT1
I1
State Q1
Q1
0
0
0
0 to 1
0
1
0
1
1
0 to 1
1
0
On-Delay Timing Relay
T1---------{Q1
The on-delay can be used to gate short pulses or to initiate another
movement after a time delay when a machine is started.
X
The parameter settings for T1 are:
S
10.00
{
TRG
T1
RES
+
• Timing function on-delayed: “ X”
• Time value and range: 10 seconds
If I1 is switched on, the trigger coil (TRG) of T1 is energized. After
10 seconds, T1 turns on the output relay Q1. If I1 is switched off,
relay coils T1 and Q1 drop out and the timer is reset.
Logic Table
I1---------CC1
C1---------{Q1
I2---------RC1
0020
DIR
{
{
CNT
C1
RES
+
I1
T1
Q1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
Count Up Counter
The count up counter keeps track of a given number of events. Once
its preset number of counts is reached, the counter energizes an
output. This can be used for keeping track of reject parts. Once the
reject parts bin contains 20 parts, the bin is emptied by energizing an
output. The counter is reset by a second input.
Each time I1 is energized, counter C1 adds one to its counter. I1 must
be de-energized before C1 recognizes another count. When I1 has
been energized 20 times, C1 turns on output Q1. When input I2 is
energized, the C1 counter is reset by using the reset instruction (RC1).
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-60
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4x Shift Register
You can use a shift register for storing an item of information, e.g.
sorting parts into good and bad; two, three, or four transport steps
further on.
A shift pulse and the value (0 or 1) to be shifted are needed for the
shift register.
The shift register's Reset input is used to clear any values that are no
longer needed. The values in the shift register pass through the
register in the following order.
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th storage position.
Block diagram for the 4x shift register:
Pulse
Value Reset
Function
Pulse
Value
Storage Location
1
2
3
4
1
1
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
3
0
0
0
1
0
4
1
1
0
0
1
5
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset = 1
Assign the meaning ‘bad part’ to the value 0. This ensures that no bad
parts will be reused if the shift register is accidentally deleted.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Item
Function
I1
Shift pulse (PULSE)
I2
Information (good/bad) to be shifted (VALUE)
I3
Delete content of the shift register (RESET)
M1
First storage position
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Item
Function
M2
Second storage position
M3
Third storage position
M4
Fourth storage position
M7
Marker relay for one-shot pulse
M8
One-shot pulse used for shift pulse
4-61
I1-M7-------{M8 Generate shift pulse
---------{M7
M8-M3-------SM4 Set 4th storage position
M3-------RM4 Clear 4th storage position
M2-------SM3 Set 3rd storage position
M2-------RM3 Clear 3rd storage position
M1-------SM2 Set 2nd storage position
M1-------RM2 Clear 2nd storage position
I2-------SM1 Set 1st storage position
I2-------RM1 Clear 1st storage position
I3----------RM1 Clear all storage position
RM2
RM3
RM4
How Does the Shift Register Work?
The shift pulse is switched on for exactly one cycle. To do this, the
shift pulse is generated by evaluating the change from I1 ‘off’ to I1
‘on’ - the rising edge. This allows the shift register to only shift once
regardless of how long I1 remains true.
When I1 is switched on for the first time, marker relay contact M7 is
off and the break contact is closed during the first pass through the
program. Thus, the series circuit consisting of I1, break contact M7
(closed) and M8 is turned on. Although M7 is switched on, this does
not yet affect contact M7.
The contact of M8 (make contact) was still open during the first scan
so a shift pulse is not yet generated. When the relay coil M8 is
activated, Pico transfers the result to the contacts.
In the second scan, break contact M7 opens. The series circuit is now
open. The contact M8 is switched on from the result of the first scan.
Now, all the storage positions are either set or reset in accordance
with the series circuit.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4-62
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
If the relay coils were activated, Pico transfers the result to the
contacts. M8 is now open once more. No new pulse can be generated
until I1 is opened, since M7 is open for as long as I1 is closed. This is
known as a ‘One-shot’ pulse.
How does the value reach the shift register?
When shift pulse M8 = ‘on’, the state of I2 (value) is transferred to
storage position M1. If I2 is switched on, M1 is set. If I2 is switched
off, M1 is cleared via break contact I2.
How is the result shifted?
Pico activates the coils in accordance with the circuit connection and
its result, from top to bottom. M4 assumes the value of M3 (value 0 or
1) before M3 assumes the value of M2. M3 assumes the value of M2,
M2 the value of M1 and M1 the value of I2.
Why are the values not constantly overwritten?
In this example, the coils are controlled only by the ‘S’ and ‘R’
functions, i.e. the values are retained in on or off states even though
the coil is not constantly switched on. The state of the coil changes
only if the circuit connection up to the coil is enabled. In this circuit,
the marker relay is therefore either set or reset.
The circuit connections of the coils (storage positions) are only
enabled via M8 for one cycle. The result of activating the coils is
stored in Pico until a new pulse changes the state of the coils.
How are all the storage positions cleared?
When I3 is turned on, all the ‘R’coils of storage positions M1 to M4 are
reset, i.e. the coils are turned off. Since the reset was entered at the
end of the circuit diagram, the reset function has priority over the set
function.
How can the value of a storage position be transferred?
Use the make or break contact of storage positions M1 to M4 and
program them to an output relay or in the circuit diagram according to
the task required.
Running Light
S
{
00.50
TRG
RES
T1
+
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
An automatic running light can be created by slightly modifying the
shift register circuit. One output is always switched on. It starts at Q1,
runs through to Q4 and then starts again at Q1. The marker relays for
storage positions M1 to M4 are replaced by relays Q1 to Q4. The shift
pulse I1 has been automated by the flasher relay T1. The cycle pulse
M8 remains as it is.
Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
4-63
On the first pass, the value is switched on once by break contact M9.
If Q1 is set, M9 is switched on. Each output is turned on and off in
sequential order (i.e. Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4). Pico changes state every
second. Once Q4 (the last storage position) has been switched on, the
value is passed back to Q1.
-----------TT1
Flasher Relay
T1-M7------{M8
Generate shift pulse
--------{M7
Q1---------SM9
Clear first value
M8-Q3------SQ4
Set 4th storage position
Q4------RQ4 Clear 4th storage position
Q2------SQ3 Set 3rd storage position
Q3------RQ3 Clear 3rd storage position
Q1------SQ2 Set 2nd storage position
Q2------RQ2 Clear 2nd storage position
Q4------SQ1 Set 1st storage position
Enter first value (=1)
M9
Q1------RQ1 Clear 1st storage position
Stairwell Lighting
To save electricity, building maintenance wishes to keep the lights in a
stairwell turned off unless someone is using the stairwell. The
following program turns on the lights in the stairwell when a push
button switch is pressed and released. Pressing the push button a
second time turns off the lights. If the lights are not turned off
manually, the Pico program turns them off after 6 minutes. If the push
button is held for more than 2 seconds, the lights stay on continuously
until someone presses the push button again.
The enhanced version of this program turns the lights off again after 4
hours if the push button was held for more than 2 seconds rather than
leaving them on indefinitely.
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Draw a Circuit Diagram with Pico
Activation
Effect on Lighting
Button pressed briefly
Light ON or OFF.
Lights turn off automatically after 6 minutes.
Button pressed for more than 2
seconds
Continuous lighting
Definition of the contacts and relays used:
Item
Function
I1
Button ON/OFF
Q1
Output Relay for light ON/OFF
M1
Marker relay. This is used to block the ‘switch off automatically after 6
minutes’ function for continuous lighting.
T2
Scan to determine how long the button was pressed. If pressed longer than 2
seconds, switch on continuous lighting (X, on delayed, value 2 seconds).
T3
Turn lights off after the light has been switched on for 6 minutes.
T4
Turn lights off after 4 hours continuous lighting (X, on-delayed, value 4:00
hours).
The Pico circuit diagram for the
functions described above
looks like this:
I1---------TT2
The enhanced Pico circuit diagram:
after four hours, the continuous
lighting is also switched off.
I1---------TT2
T2---------SM1
I1--------- Q1
T2---------SM1
I1--------- Q1
T3
Q1-M1------TT3
Q1---------RM1
T3
T4
Q1-M1------TT3
--------TT4
Q1---------RM1
If you use Pico with a time switch, you can define both the stairwell
lighting and the continuous lighting periods via the real time clock.
If you use Pico with analog inputs, you can optimize the stairwell
lighting, via a brightness sensor to suit the lighting conditions.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
5
Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
Interface to Memory
Module and Programming
Cable
The Pico controller has a covered interface. You can either use the
Pico interface to save programs to a memory module or use PicoSoft
programming software and the interface cable to transfer them to a
PC.
A Pico controller without a display (1760-L1xxxx-ND) can be loaded
with a program via PicoSoft or automatically from a memory module
every time power is applied.
ATTENTION
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
The memory module and PC-cable socket are at the
potential of L2. There is a danger of electric shock if
L2 is not grounded. Do not make contact with
electrical components under the socket cover.
Use a screwdriver to carefully remove
the interface cover.
To close the interface, push the cover
back onto the opening and snap it
into place.
1
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5-2
Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
Memory Module
The following memory modules are available as Pico accessories.
Pico Controller
Memory Module
1760-L12xxx
1760-MM1 (Series A only)
1760-L18xxx
1760-MM2 (Series A only)
Series B Pico Controllers
1760-MM2B
Programs, including all relevant data, can be transferred from the
1760-MM2B memory module to the Series B Pico Controllers. The
existing 1760-MM1 and 1760-MM2 memory modules are Read-Only
when used with Series B Pico Controllers. The 1760-MM2B memory
module will not work with Series A Pico Controllers.
Each 1760-MM2B memory module can hold one Pico program, up to
32K.
Information stored on the memory module is ’non-volatile’. Because
the information is not lost when the power is turned off, you can use
the module to make a backup copy of your program and/or to
transfer it to another Pico device.
The following information is saved to the memory module:
•
•
•
•
the program
all parameter settings of the program
all text displays
system settings
– debounce (input delay)
– P-buttons
– password
– retention on/off
Insert the memory module into the open interface slot.
.
2
2
1
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1
Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
IMPORTANT
5-3
You can insert and remove the memory module even
if power to Pico is on, without the risk of losing data.
Load or Store Programs
You can only transfer programs in Stop mode.
TIP
The no-display model, 1760-L1xxxx-ND, can be
loaded with a program automatically from the
memory module every time it is powered up. Simply
insert a memory module into the interface of a
1760-L1xxxx-ND and apply power to the controller.
Pico automatically reads the program from the
memory module and goes into the RUN mode.
If the program in the memory module is not valid,
the program already in the Pico unit is retained.
To transfer a program:
1. Switch to Stop mode.
2. Select PROGRAM... from the main menu.
PROGRAM
DELETE PROG
CARD...
3. Select the CARD... menu option.
The CARD... menu option only appears if you
have inserted a functional memory module.
> CARD
DEVICE -
> DEVICE
CARD -
You can transfer a program from Pico to the
module, from the memory module to Pico, or you
can delete the content of the memory module.
IMPORTANT
DELETE CARD
If the power fails during communication with the
memory module, repeat the last procedure since
Pico may not have transferred or deleted all the data.
After completing the operation, remove the memory module and
close the cover.
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Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
Store a Circuit Diagram to the Memory Module
1. Select DEVICE-> CARD.
2. Confirm the prompt by pressing Ok. This
deletes the contents of the memory module
and replaces it with the program in Pico.
REPLACE ?
3. Press Esc to cancel.
Load a Circuit Diagram from the Memory Module
1. Select the CARD-> DEVICE menu option.
> CARD
> DEVICE
DEVICE -
2. Press Ok if you want to delete the Pico
program and replace it with the memory
module program.
CARD -
DELETE CARD
3. Press Esc to cancel.
If a problem occurs during the operation, Pico
displays the message “INVALID PROG”.
INVALID PROG
This either means that the memory module is
empty or that the program in the memory module
contains functions that Pico does not recognize.
• The time switch function relays only work with Pico versions
with a real-time clock.
• The analog comparator function is only used with 12V dc and
24V dc versions of Pico.
• Text displays, jump and ’S’ markers only work with the
1760-L18xxx.
IMPORTANT
If the memory module is password-protected, the
password will also be transferred to the Pico memory
and will be active immediately
Delete a Program from the Memory Module
1. Select the DELETE CARD menu option.
DELETE ?
2. Press Ok to confirm the prompt and delete
the card content.
3. Press Esc to cancel.
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Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
PicoSoft
5-5
PicoSoft and PicoSoft Pro are PC programs for creating, testing and
managing Pico programs. You should only transfer data between the
PC and Pico using the special PC interface cable, 1760-CBL-PM02,
which is available as an optional accessory.
TIP
PicoSoft software is available at no charge from
www.ab.com/pico. PicoSoft Pro software is a
purchasable product for use with both Pico and Pico
GFX controllers.
Software Compatibility
If you are using programming software to program the Pico controller,
be sure that you are using the correct software version.
IMPORTANT
You must use PicoSoft version 6.1 or higher for the
Series B Pico controller. Earlier versions of PicoSoft
can only be used with Series A Pico controllers.
Find the Series Letter
The Series letter is printed on the side of the housing as shown.
Download the Software
You can download a free copy of PicoSoft version 6.1 from our web
site. Go to http://www.ab.com/picosoft6.
To receive PicoSoft Pro, please contact your Allen-Bradley Distributor
or Rockwell Automation representative.
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Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
Connect the Pico to the PC
ATTENTION
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Only use the 1760-CBL-PM02 cable with the Pico
units. Use of another cable may place the user in
danger of electrical shock.
1. Connect the PC cable to the serial PC
interface.
Esc
2. Insert the Pico plug in the open
interface.
3. Activate the status display on the
Pico.
Ok
1760-CBL-PM02
Pico cannot exchange data with the PC while in any other
display mode.
Use PicoSoft to transfer circuit diagrams from your PC to Pico and vice
versa. Switch Pico to Run mode from the PC to test and monitor the
program.
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Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
5-7
If You Have Trouble
PicoSoft (catalog number 1760-PICOSOFT) provides extensive help on
how to use the software.
To access the help, start PicoSoft and click on Help.
The on-line help provides all the additional information about
PicoSoft that you will need.
If a problem occurs during transmission, Pico
displays the message INVALID PROG.
INVALID PROG
Check whether the circuit diagram contains a
function that Pico does not recognize:
• The time switch function relays only work with Pico versions
equipped with a real-time clock.
• The analog comparator function relay is only used with 12V dc
and 24V dc Pico versions.
• Text displays, jump and ’S’ markers only work with the
1760-L18xxx version.
IMPORTANT
If the power fails during communication with the
PC, repeat the last procedure. All of the data may
not have been transferred between the PC and
Pico.
• After transmission, remove the cable
and close the cover.
Esc
Ok
1760-CBL-PM02
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Save and Load Circuit Diagrams
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
6
Pico System Settings
You can modify system settings on Pico models equipped with
keypad and an LCD display, or by using PicoSoft (v2.1 and higher).
Password Protection
The Pico circuit diagram, function relay settings, and system
parameters can be password protected.
In this case, the password consists of a value between 0001 and 9999.
The number combination 0000 is used to delete a password.
Password protection blocks access to the circuit diagram menu and
System menu and thus offers protection against the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
unauthorized modification of the circuit diagram
modification of function relay parameters via the circuit diagram
transfer of a circuit diagram from and to the memory module
changing between operating modes Run or Stop.
settings of the real-time clock
communication with individual device
switching off the password delete function
modification of system parameters
– set new password
– Debounce (input delay) ON/OFF
– P buttons ON/OFF
– menu language selection
IMPORTANT
Only parameters marked with ’-’ are
password-protected. Parameters marked with ’+’ can
still be modified via the PARAMETER menu.
The password does NOT offer protection against access to the
parameters of function relays marked with ’+’.
1
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Pico System Settings
IMPORTANT
A password that was entered in Pico is transferred to
the memory module together with the circuit
diagram, whether it was activated or not.
If this Pico circuit diagram is loaded from the
memory module, the password is also transferred to
Pico and is activated immediately.
Set the Password
Passwords can be set in the System menu in both Run or Stop
operating modes. If, however, a password is already activated, you
cannot change to the System menu.
1. Press Del and Alt to call up the System menu.
2. Select the menu item SECURITY... to enter the password.
3. Press the Ok button and move to the PASSWORD... menu.
4. Press the Ok button again to access the password entry area.
ENTER PW
----
If a password has not been entered already, Pico will switch
directly to the password display and show four dashes: no
password set.
5. Press Ok, and four zeros appear.
6. Set the password using the cursor buttons:
– left and right arrows move to the 4-digit entry field
– left and right arrows select digit in password
– up and down arrows set a value between 0 and 9.
ENTER PW
1000
7. Save the new password by pressing Ok.
Pico will hide a valid password with XXXX.
8. Press Ok or Esc to exit the password display.
The password is now valid but not yet activated.
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Pico System Settings
6-3
Select the Scope of the Password
1. Press Ok.
CIRC. DIAG.
PARAMETER
CLOCK
OPRTNG MODE
INTERFACE
DELETE FUNCT
2. Select the function or menu to be protected.
3. Press Ok in order to protect the function or menu.
A check mark appears next to the protected item.
Standard protection encompasses the programs and circuit diagram.
At least one function or menu must be protected.
• Circuit Diagram: The password is effective on the program with
circuit diagram and non-enabled function relays.
• Parameter: The Parameter menu is protected.
• Clock: Data and time are protected with the password.
• Operating Mode: Switching between Run or Stop mode is
protected.
• Interface: The interface is disabled for access with Pico software.
• Delete Function: The question Delete Prog? appears on the
device after four incorrect password entries have been made.
This prompt is not displayed if selected. However, it is no longer
possible to make changes in protected areas if you forget the
password.
Activate the Password
You can activate a valid password in three different ways:
• automatically when Pico is powered on again
• automatically after loading a protected circuit diagram from the
memory module
• via the password menu
Use the following procedure to activate the password via the
password menu.
1. Press Del and Alt to call up the System menu.
CHANGE PW.
ACTIVATE
2. Open the password menu via the menu option ’PASSWORD...’.
Pico only shows this menu if a password is present.
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Pico System Settings
IMPORTANT
ATTENTION
Make a note of the password before you
activate it. If the password entry is no longer
known, Pico can still be unlocked. However,
the circuit diagram and other settings are
deleted.
If the password is unknown or lost, and the
password delete function is not activated, the
unit can only be reset to the factory setting by
the manufacturer. The programs and all data
are lost.
3. Select ’ACTIVATE’ and press Ok.
The password is now active. Pico automatically returns to the Status
display.
You must unlock Pico using the password before you can carry out a
protected function, enter a protected menu or the System menu.
Unlock Pico
Unlocking Pico deactivates the password. You can re-activate
password protection later via the password menu or by switching the
power off and on again.
1. Press Ok to switch to the main menu.
PASSWORD ...
STOP
PARAMETER
SET CLOCK ..
The “PASSWORD...” entry flashes.
2. Press Ok to enter password entry menu.
If Pico shows ’PROGRAM...’ in the main menu instead of
’PASSWORD...’, this means that there is no password protection
active.
ENTER PW
XXXX
Pico displays the password entry field.
3. Enter the password using the cursor buttons.
4. Confirm with Ok.
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Pico System Settings
PROGRAM ...
STOP
PARAMETER
SET CLOCK ..
6-5
If the password is correct, Pico switches automatically to the
Status display.
The ’PROGRAM...’ menu item is now accessible so that you can edit
your circuit diagram.
The System menu is also now accessible.
Change or Delete a Password
1. Press Del and Alt to call up the System menu.
2. Open the password menu by selecting Security and then
Password from the System menu.
CHANGE PW
ACTIVATE
3. The CHANGE PW entry flashes.
Pico only shows this menu if a password is present.
ENTER PW
----
1. Press Ok to enter password entry menu.
2. Press Ok to move to the 4-digit entry field.
3. Use the left or right arrow to move to the 4-digit entry field.
ENTER PW
1005
4. Modify the four password digits using the cursor buttons.
5. Confirm with Ok.
6. Press Esc to exit the password display.
Delete a Password
ENTER PW
----
Use the number combination 0000 to delete a password. If a password
has not been entered already, Pico shows four dashes.
Password Incorrect or Not Known
ENTER PW
XXXX
If you no longer know the exact password, you can try to re-enter the
password several times.
After the fourth attempt, Pico asks whether you wish to delete the
circuit diagram and data. Press:
DELETE ALL ?
• Esc: Nothing is deleted. Pico is still password protected.
• Ok: Circuit diagram, data and password are deleted.
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6-6
Pico System Settings
Pico returns to the Status display.
Pressing Esc retains the circuit diagram and data. You can then make
another four attempts to enter the password.
Change the Menu Language
Pico Series B Controllers provide twelve menu languages. These can
be set as required via the System menu.
Language
LCD display
Abbreviaton
English
ENGLISH
GB
German
DEUTSCH
D
French
FRANCAIS
F
Spanish
ESPANOL
E
Italian
ITALIANO
I
Portuguese
PORTUGUES
–
Dutch
NEDERLANDS
–
Swedish
SVENSKA
–
Polish
POLSKI
–
Turkish
TURKCE
–
Czech
CESKY
–
Hungarian
MAGYAR
–
Language selection is only possible if Pico is not password-protected.
1. Press Del and Alt to call up the System menu.
2. Select language as required to modify the menu language.
The language selection for the first entry ENGLISH is displayed.
ENGLISH
DEUTSCH
FRANCAIS
ESPANOL
ITALIANO
PORTUGUES
NEDERLANDS
SVENSKA
POLSKI
TURKCE
CESKY
MAGYAR
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1. Use up or down arrows to select the new menu language, e.g.
Italian (ITALIANO).
2. Confirm your entry with Ok. Pico shows a check mark next to
the new menu language.
3. Press Esc to return to the status display.
Pico System Settings
Change Parameters
6-7
Pico allows you to change function relay parameters such as timer and
counter setpoints without having to call up the circuit diagram. This is
possible regardless of whether Pico is running a program or is in Stop
mode.
1. Press Ok to switch to the main menu.
2. Start the parameter display by selecting PARAMETER.
T3
T8 X
C4 N
S
+
M:S +
+
O3
Ö2
+
+
A1 EQ
+
A3 LT
+
A complete parameter set is shown. In the example, these are the
parameters for a timing relay T1.
The following requirements must be fulfilled for a parameter set to be
displayed:
• A function relay must have been included in the circuit diagram.
• The parameter set has been enabled for access, indicated by the
’+’ character at the bottom right of the display.
Use the PARAMETER menu to access and modify accessible parameter
sets. Parameter sets for which access is not enabled are not displayed.
Pico therefore allows you to protect parameters with the use of a
password. You can enable or disable parameter access using the
parameter ’+’ or ’-’ characters respectively in the circuit diagram.
T3
S
i1 02.030
i2 05.000
T:
+
1. Use up or down arrows to scroll through the parameter sets. The
cursor must be located on the identifier of the function relay, in
this case T3.
2. Press Ok.
3. Use up or down arrows to select the parameter required.
4. Change the values for a parameter set:
• press Ok to enter the Entry mode.
• use left and right arrows to change decimal place.
• use up and down arrows change the value of a decimal place
• Ok Save parameter or Esc Retain previous setting.
5. Press Esc to leave the parameter display.
The parameter display is opened via the PARAMETER menu. ’{’ coil
terminals for counters and timers are not displayed here, even if they
have been programmed.
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Pico System Settings
Variable Parameters for Function Relays
You can modify the relay parameters used in the circuit diagram in
three different ways:
• All circuit diagram parameters can be adjusted in Stop mode via
the circuit diagram.
• Setpoints can be modified in Run mode via the circuit diagram.
• Setpoints can be modified via the PARAMETER menu.
The following setpoints can be modified
•
•
•
•
The
The
The
The
timer setpoints for timing relays
counter setpoints of counter relays
day and ON/OFF times of time switches
comparison setpoint of analog comparators.
In Run mode, Pico operates with a new setpoint as soon has it is
modified in the parameter display and saved.
Example: Modify Switching Times for Outside Lighting
The outside lighting of a building is automatically switched on from
19:00 to 23:30 (7:00 pm to 11:30 pm) Mondays to Fridays in the Pico
program.
1 A 15:21
D
MO-FR
ON
OFF
19:00
23:30
+
The parameter set for the time switch function relay 1 is saved in
channel ’A’ and looks like this.
The outside lighting is now required to also turn on between 19:00
and 22:00 on Saturdays.
1. Select PARAMETER from the main menu.
The first parameter set is displayed.
2. Use up or down arrows to scroll through the parameter sets until
channel A of time switch 1 is displayed.
1 B 15:21
D
--
ON
OFF
00:00
00:00
+
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
3. Press the up arrow to select the next empty parameter set, in this
case channel B of time switch 1.
The current time is 15:21.
Pico System Settings
1 B 15:21
D
SA
ON
OFF
00:00
00:00
1 B 15:21
D
SA
ON
OFF
19:00
00:00
+
+
6-9
4. Change the value for the day interval from MO to SA:
• Left and right arrows move between the parameters
• Up and down arrows change value.
• Press Ok to save.
5. Set the switching on time to 19:00.
6. Set the switching off time to 22:00.
7. Press Ok.
1 B 15:21
D
SA
ON
OFF
19:00
22:00
+
Pico saves the new parameters. The cursor remains in the
contact field on channel identifier ’B’.
8. Press Esc to leave the parameter display.
The time switch will now also turn on at 19:00 on Saturdays and
switch off at 22:00.
Set Date, Time, and
Daylight Saving Time
If the clock is not set yet or if Pico is powered on after the battery
backup time has been exceeded, the clock starts with the setting SA
0:01 01.05.2004. The Pico clock operates with date and time so the
hour, minute, day, month and year must all be set.
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
TIP
Pico uses military time, so 1:00 p.m. is 13:00, 7:30
p.m. is 19:30, etc.
1. Select SET CLOCK from the main menu.
HH:MM:
18:24
DD.MM:
01.05
YEAR :
2004
This opens the menu for setting the time.
2. Select SET CLOCK and press Ok.
3. Set the values for day, time, month and year.
• Left and right arrows move between the parameters
• Up and down arrows change the value of a parameter
4. Press Ok to save the day and time or Esc to retain the previous
setting
5. Press Esc to leave the time setting display.
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6-10
Pico System Settings
Change Between
Winter/Summer Time
(Daylight Saving Time)
The clock can be toggled between winter and summer time (daylight
savings time) using the cursor buttons.
1. Select SET CLOCK from the main menu.
This opens the menu for setting the time.
SET CLOCK
2. Select menu item WINTER TIME or
SUMMER TIME as required.
WINTER TIME
Change to Winter Time
Pico displays SUMMER TIME as the next possible option if winter time
is already set.
Otherwise select WINTER TIME and press Ok.
Pico sets the clock one hour back, e.g. from 17:43 Sunday to
16:43 Sunday. The display then shows SUMMER TIME.
Change to Summer Time
Select SUMMER TIME and press Ok.
Pico sets the clock one hour forward, e.g. from
12:30 Wednesday to 13:30 Wednesday.
SET CLOCK
SUMMER TIME
The display then shows WINTER TIME.
The weekday is not changed automatically with the time. If you
change the time around midnight you must change the weekday as
well.
Activate Debounce
(Input Delay)
Input signals can be evaluated by Pico with a debounce delay. This
enables the trouble-free evaluation of switches and push-buttons
subject to contact bounce.
In many applications, however, very short input signals have to be
monitored. In this case, the debounce function can be turned off.
1. Press Del and Alt to call up the System menu.
2. Select the System menu. If Pico is password-protected you
cannot open the System menu until you have removed the
password.
DEBOUNCE
P ON
STOP MODE
RETENTION ON
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3. Set the Debounce mode using the menu items DEBOUNCE
OFF/ DEBOUNCE ON.
Pico System Settings
6-11
Deactivate Debounce (Input Delay)
If Pico is showing DEBOUNCE in the display, this means the
Debounce mode is deactivated. Otherwise, select DEBOUNCE and
press Ok.
If Debounce mode is deactivated, the display shows DEBOUNCE with
no check mark.
Activate Debounce (Input Delay)
If there is a check mark next to DEBOUNCE, the Debounce function
has been activated.
If there is no check mark, select DEBOUNCE and press Ok.
Press Esc to return to the status display. See Delay Times for Inputs
and Outputs on page 8-7 for information on how Pico input and
output signals are processed internally.
Activate and Deactivate
P-Buttons
Even though the cursor buttons (P-Buttons) have been set as
push-button inputs in the program, this function is not activated
automatically. This prevents any unauthorized use of the cursor
buttons. The P-Buttons can be activated in the System menu. If Pico is
password-protected, you cannot open the System menu until you
have unlocked Pico.
The P-Buttons are activated and deactivated via the P BUTTONS menu
option.
1. Press Del and Alt to select the System menu.
DEBOUNCE
P BUTTONS
STOP MODE
2. Select the SYSTEM menu.
RETENTION ON
3. Move to the ’P’ menu option
Activate the P-Buttons
If Pico is showing P BUTTONS å, this means that the P-Buttons are
active.
DEBOUNCE
P BUTTONS
RUN MODE
1. Otherwise, select P BUTTONS and press Ok.
A check mark appears and the P-Buttons are now active.
RETENTION ON
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6-12
Pico System Settings
2. Press Esc to return to the status display.
The P-Buttons are only active in the Status display. In this display, you
can use the P-Buttons to activate inputs in your circuit diagram.
Deactivate the P-Buttons
Select P BUTTONS and press Ok. The check mark is removed.
The P-Buttons are now deactivated. The P-Buttons are automatically
deactivated when deleting a circuit diagram in Pico.
Start-Up Behavior
The start-up behavior is an important feature during the
commissioning phase. The circuit diagram which Pico contains may
not be completed or the system or machine may be in a state which
Pico is not permitted to control. The outputs should not be activated
when Pico is powered on.
Set the Start-Up Behavior
Pico models without a display can only be started in Run mode.
Requirement: Pico must contain a valid circuit diagram.
Enter the System menu. If Pico is protected by a password, the System
menu is not available until Pico is unlocked (see Unlock Pico on
page 6-4).
Specify in which operating mode Pico should start when power is
applied. MODE: RUN/STOP is a toggle menu. The menu always
displays the operating mode into which you can change.
Activate RUN Mode
DEBOUNCE
P BUTTONS
RUN MODE
CARD MODE
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The default setting for Pico is displayed as RUN MODE å. In other
words, Pico starts in Run mode when the power is applied.
If there is no check mark next to RUN MODE, select RUN MODE from
the menu and press Ok. Press Esc to return to the status display.
Pico System Settings
6-13
Deactivate RUN Mode
DEBOUNCE
P BUTTONS
RUN MODE
Select RUN MODEå from the menu and press Ok. The RUN MODE is
deactivated.
CARD MODE
Start-Up Behavior
Menu Displayed
Status of Pico After Start-Up
Pico begins in Stop mode
RUN MODE
Pico is in Stop mode
Pico begins in Run mode
RUN MODE
å
Pico is in Run mode
Behavior When the Circuit Diagram is Deleted
The setting for the start-up behavior is a Pico device function. When
the circuit diagram is deleted, this does not result in the loss of the
setting selected.
Behavior During Upload and Download
When a valid circuit diagram is transferred from Pico to a memory
module or the PC or vice versa, the setting is still retained. Pico
controllers without a display can only be started in Run mode.
Possible Faults
Pico will not start in Run mode if:
1. Pico does not contain a circuit diagram.
2. You have put Pico in Stop mode (Run Mode menu displayed).
Card Startup Behavior
The startup behavior with memory module is for applications where
unskilled personnel change the memory module under no-voltage
conditions.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
6-14
Pico System Settings
Pico only starts in the Run Mode if a memory module with a valid
program is inserted.
If the program on the memory module is different than the program in
Pico, the program from the card is loaded into the processor and the
processor starts in the RUN mode.
Switch to the System menu.
If Pico is protected by a password, the System menu is not available
until Pico is unlocked (see the section Unlock Pico on page 6-4).
Activation of Card Mode
If Pico displays Card Mode å, this means that when the power supply
is switched on, Pico will only start in Run mode if a memory module
with a valid program has been inserted.
1. Otherwise select Card Mode and press Ok.
DEBOUNCE
P BUTTONS
RUN MODE
CARD MODE
Pico will start up with the program on the card.
2. Press Esc to return to the Status display.
Deactivation of Card Mode
1. Select Card Mode å.
DEBOUNCE
P BUTTONS
RUN MODE
CARD MODE
2. Press Ok.
The Card Mode function is deactivated.
The Pico default setting is for display of the Card Mode menu, i.e. Pico
starts in Run Mode without the memory module when the power is
switched on.
Set Cycle Time
Pico allows you to set the cycle time. The default setting is 00 ms.
Cycle time can only be set while Pico is in Stop mode.
P BUTTONS
RUN MODE
CARD MODE
CYCLE TIME
CYCLE TIME
00 MS
1. Move to the System menu.
2. Select Cycle Time and press Ok.
The following menu appears.
3. Press Ok.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Pico System Settings
6-15
4. Enter cycle time.
Use left and right arrows to move between parameters. Use up
and down arrows to change the value.
CYCLE TIME
35 MS
5. Press Ok to save value.
The minimum set cycle time is 35 ms. The range is between 00 ms
and 60 ms. The cycle time can be lengthened if Pico requires more
time to process the program.
The entry of a set cycle time is only useful in applications involving
two-step controllers or similar functions.
With a cycle time setting of 00 ms, the Pico processes the circuit
diagram and the program at the fastest possible speed.
Retention
It is a requirement of system and machine controllers for operating
states or actual values to have retentive settings. What this means is
that the values will be retained safely even after the supply voltage to
a machine or system has been switched off. The values are also
retained until the next time the actual value is overwritten.
The following operands and function blocks can be set to operate
retentively:
•
•
•
•
Markers
Counter function blocks
Data function blocks
Timing relays
Set Retentive Behavior
Requirement: Pico must be in Stop mode.
1. Switch to the System menu.
IMPORTANT If Pico is protected by a password, the System
menu is not available until Pico is unlocked (see
the section Unlock Pico on page 6-4).
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6-16
Pico System Settings
The default setting of Pico is for no retentive actual value data to
be selected. When Pico is in Stop mode or has been switched to
a de-energized state, all actual values are cleared.
RUN MODE
CARD MODE
CYCLE TIME
RETENTION
2. Switch to Stop mode.
3. Switch to the System menu.
4. Proceed to the SYSTEM menu and continue to the
RETENTION... menu.
5. Press the Ok button.
The next screen display is the selection of the marker range.
M 9
M13
N 9
C 5
C 8
C13
D 1
T 1
T 8
T13
-
M12
M16
N16
C 7
- C16
- D 8
6. Use the up and down arrows to select a range.
7. Press Ok to select the marker, the function relay or the range
that is to be retentive (check mark next to it).
8. Press Esc to exit the entry for the retentive ranges.
- T16
Delete Retentive Actual Values
The retentive actual values are cleared when (applies only in Stop
mode):
• the circuit diagram is transferred from PicoSoft or the memory
card to the Pico control relay, the retentive actual values are
reset to zero. This also applies when there is no program on the
memory card. In this case the old circuit diagram is retained.
• the selected retentive markers, function relays or text display are
deactivated.
• the circuit diagram is deleted via the Delete Funct menu.
The operating hours counters are always retentive. The actual values
can only be reset through a special reset operation from the circuit
diagram.
Transfer of Retentive Behavior
The setting for retentive behavior is a circuit diagram setting; in other
words, the retention setting is on the memory card and is transferred
with the circuit diagram when uploading or downloading from the PC.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Pico System Settings
6-17
Change the Operating Mode or the Circuit Diagram
When the operating mode is changed or the circuit diagram is
modified, the retentive data is normally saved together with the actual
values. The actual values of relays no longer being used are also
retained.
Change the Operation Mode
If you change from Run to Stop and then back to Run, the actual
values of the retentive data are retained.
Modify the Circuit Diagram
If a modification is made to the circuit diagram, the actual values are
retained.
ATTENTION
Even if the markers and function relays that were
retentive are deleted from the circuit diagram, the
retentive actual values remain when changing from
Stop to Run, and when switching the device off and
on. Should these relays be used again in the circuit
diagram, they will still have their former actual
values.
Change the Startup Behavior in the System Menu
The retentive actual values will be retained regardless of the Run
mode or Stop mode settings.
Display Device Information
Device information is provided for service tasks and for determining
the capability of the device concerned.
This function is only available with devices featuring a display.
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6-18
Pico System Settings
The device enables the display of the following device information:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AC or DC power supply.
T (transformer output) or R (relay output).
C (clock provided).
A (analog output provided).
LCD (display provided).
Pico-Link (Pico-Link provided).
OS: 1.10.204 (operating system version).
CRC: 25825 (checksum of the operating system).
1. Switch to the main menu.
IMPORTANT
The device information is always available.
The password does not prevent access.
2. Select the main menu.
3. Use the down arrow to select the INFO... menu.
4. Press Ok.
This displays all device information.
5. Press Esc to exit the display.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
7
Retention
What is Retention?
Some system and machine controllers for operating states or actual
values require retentive settings. What this means is that values are
retained even after power to a machine or system has been turned off
and are retained until the actual value is overwritten.
Pico Models with Data Retention
Retentive values can be set with 1760-L12BWB-xx and
1760-L12DWD-xx (via the SYSTEM menu) as well as 1760-L18xxx for
the following markers and function relays.
Retentive Markers and Function Relays
It is possible to retentively store (non-volatile memory) the actual
values (status) of markers, timing relays, and up/down counters. The
following markers and function relays can be set to have retentive
actual values:
1760-L12BWB-xx, 1760-L12DWD
Marker Relays
M13, M14, M15, M16
Timing Relay
T8
Up/Down Counter
C8
1760-L18xxx
Markers
M13, M14, M15, M16
Text Function Relays
D1 through D8
Timing Relays
T7, T8
Up/Down Counters
C5, C6, C7, C8
The Retention setting applies to all of the relays listed above.
Individual markers or function relays cannot be set retentively.
TIP
1
The retentive data is written to an EEPROM every
time the power is turned off. Data security is thereby
assured for 100,000 power cycles.
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7-2
Retention
Set Retention
Requirement: Pico must be in Stop mode
Switch to the System menu. If Pico is protected by a password, the
System menu is not available until Pico is unlocked (see Unlock Pico
on page 6-4).
Enable the Retention function (see figure on previous page). The
menu item RETENTION ON/OFF is a toggle menu. The menu always
displays the operating mode into which you can change.
The default setting of Pico is the display RETENTION ON. With this
setting, Pico runs without retentive data, provided a valid circuit
diagram is present. When Pico is in Stop mode or has been switched
to a de-energized state, all actual values are deleted.
Del
and
3X
Alt
PASSWORD ...
Ok
SYSTEM
GB D F E I ..
P ON
STOP MODE
RETENTION ON
Delete Retentive Actual
Values
DEBOUNCE OFF
DEBOUNCE OFF
Ok
P ON
RUN MODE
RETENTION ON
Esc
Retentive
Behavior
Menu
Displayed
Behavior: M13, M14, M15, M16, C8, T8, (D1 to D8,
C5, C6, C7, T7) When the Unit is Switched Off and
On Again
No retentive
actual values
RETENTION
ON
All actual values will be cleared when the unit changes
from Run to Stop mode or when power is turned off.
Retentive
actual values
RETENTION
OFF
All actual values will be stored when the unit changes
from Run to Stop mode or when power is turned off.
The retentive actual values are cleared when (applies only to Stop
mode):
• the circuit diagram is transferred from PicoSoft (PC) or from the
memory module to Pico, the retentive actual values are reset to
0 (marker = off). This also applies when there is no program in
Pico.
• there is a changeover from retention enabled (the display shows
RETENTION OFF) to retention disabled (the display shows
RETENTION ON).
• the circuit diagram is deleted via the DELETE PROG menu.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Retention
Transfer Retentive Behavior
7-3
The setting for retentive behavior is a circuit diagram setting; in other
words, the setting of the retention menu may also under certain
circumstances be transferred to the memory card or during uploading
or downloading from the PC.
Circuit Diagram Transfer (Behavior)
1760-L12BWB-xx, 1760-L12DWD-xx and 1760-L18xxx ➞ Memory Module
When transfer is in this direction, the actual values are retained in
Pico. The retention setting is transferred to the card.
1760-L12BWB-xx, 1760-L12DWD-xx and 1760-L18xxx ➞ PicoSoft
The Pico circuit diagram is stored. The actual values are retained in
Pico. All Pico circuit diagram settings are transferred to the ’EAS’ file.
PicoSoft ➞ 1760-L12BWB-xx, 1760-L12DWD-xx and 1760-L18xxx
The transfer to PicoSoft is carried out according to the relevant
settings.
Change the Operating Mode or the Circuit Diagram
When the operating mode is changed or the Pico circuit diagram is
modified, the retentive data is normally saved together with the actual
values. The actual values of relays no longer being used are also
retained.
Change the Operating Mode
If you change from Run to Stop and then back to Run, the actual
values of the retentive data are retained.
Modify the Pico Circuit Diagram
If a modification is made to the Pico circuit diagram, the actual values
are retained.
TIP
Even when the retentive relays M13, M14, M15, M16
(D1 to D8) and the function relays C8, T8 (C5, C6,
C7, T7) are deleted from the circuit diagram, the
retentive actual values are retained after the
changeover from Stop to Run as well as after the
power is switched off and on. Should these relays be
used again in the circuit diagram, they still have their
former actual values.
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7-4
Retention
Change the Start-Up Behavior in the SYSTEM Menu
The retentive actual values in Pico are retained irrespective of the
MODE RUN or MODE STOP settings.
Retentive Auxiliary Relays
(Markers)
How the Retention Works
The retentive markers M13, M14, M15, M16, D1 to D8 should be used
in conjunction with the following coil functions.
Instruction Type
Representation in Pico
Set
S M…, D…
Impulse Relay
Reset
M…, D…
R M…, D…
.
TIP
When the condition for resetting the marker is
satisfied, the marker is reset.
It is essential that you note the following points:
• When retention is used, the open or closed status of a retentive
marker is remembered when power is disconnected. When
power is restored, the marker assumes the same state, even if
the conditions that would have changed its state occurred while
the power was disconnected. If the conditions have changed,
the state of the marker will reflect the change following the first
program cycle after power is restored. This may result in the
flicker or chatter of a lamp, solenoid, or quick responding load.
• Retention is useful for remembering that an event has occurred,
like a latch or flip-flop. On the other hand, a conventional relay
responds continuously to the electrical conditions at its coil. For
this reason, the output energize function (i.e. {M13) is not
recommended in combination with the retentive markers M13 to
M16 and D1 to D8.
• Because of retention, the following coil functions are not
recommended: {M13 to {M16 and {D1 to{D8
• Be sure to pay close attention to the example circuits for the
individual coil functions.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Retention
7-5
Examples
S/R Coil (Break Contact)
Task:
In your application you need to remember whether a screw was
inserted or not. When your machine powers up, it is important that a
screw that has already been screwed in place is not screwed in again otherwise there could be permanent damage to the workpiece.
Contacts and relays used:
Coil
Function
I3
Screw detected
Q2
Enable pulse to drive screw
M8
Enable screw command
M14
Screw present (retentive)
M9
Workpiece transported away, reset M14
Circuit diagram (part):
M8-M14------{Q2
I3------SM14
M9---------RM14
Signal diagram:
The ’Make Contact’ state is always displayed in the Signal diagram.
U
M8
Q2
I3
M9
M14
U = Supply voltage
The break contact of the retentive marker M14 is used. No enabling
time is required for output Q2.
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7-6
Retention
Impulse Relay
Task:
After a power failure, the lights in a stairwell should resume their
previous state.
Contacts and relays used:
Coil
Function
T2
Enable after first cycle
I1
Push-button
Q1
Lamp output
M15
Impulse relay (retentive)
Circuit Diagram:
Parameter Display:
-----------TT2
I1-------- M15
M15-T2-----{Q1
X
S
00.10
TRG
{
T2
RES
+
Signal diagram:
U
I1
M15
Q1
T2
t
A
t
t
B
C
U = Supply voltage
Range A: Q1 was on prior to losing power. When power is re-applied
and the T2 timer expires, Q1 turns back on.
Range B: Q1 was on prior to losing power. When power is re-applied,
switch I1 is on, so Q1 stays off. Use time T2 to avoid brief flicker.
Range C: M15 is switched on and remains set until the next time I1 is
activated.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Retention
7-7
S/R Function
Task:
After a power failure, the lights in a stairwell should resume their
previous switching state. (This is another method to solve the same
task.)
Contacts and relays used:
Coil
Function
T2
Enable after first cycle
I1
Push-button
M1
Push-button pulse (rising edge detection)
M2
Pulse limitation (one shot)
Q1
Lamp output
M15
Impulse relay (retentive)
-----------TT2
I1-M2------{M1
--------{M2
X
S
{
M1-M15----SM15
00.10
TRG
RES
T2
+
M1-M15----RM15
M15-T2-----{Q1
Signal diagram:
U
I1
M1
M15
Q1
T2
t
U = Supply voltage
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7-8
Retention
The circuit above functions in the same way as an impulse relay
switch. The make contact remains switched on in the first Pico cycle
if:
• a coil is actuated by the make contact of a retentive marker
(series and parallel connection both apply here too), and
• when the power is switched on, the reset condition for this
retentive marker is on.
The enable time, T2, prevents Q1 from flickering.
Retentive Timing Relays
Use of Retention
The retentive timing relays T7 and T8 can be operated retentively in
all six different switching functions. The retention setting only works
under certain conditions for the switching functions. These can be
subdivided into groups 1 and 2.
If these conditions are not fulfilled, the actual value is cleared when
the power is restored. If the R coil (Reset) is actuated, the actual value
is also cleared.
Group
Retentive Function
Group 1
On-delayed
On-delayed switching with random range
Single-pulse
Flashing
Group 2
Off-delayed
Off-delayed switching with random time range
Retention with Group 1
Requirement:
When power is applied to Pico, actuated trigger coils TT7, TT8 can
retain their state '1' (switched on) until the preset time period has
elapsed. This can be implemented using retentive markers or inputs
connected to power.
Retention with Group 2
Requirement:
When power is applied to Pico, actuated trigger coils TT7 and TT8 can
retain their state '0' (switched off) until the preset time period has
elapsed. This can be implemented using retentive markers or inputs
connected to power.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Retention
7-9
Examples
On-Delayed, Switching On-Delayed with Random Range, Retentive
Task 1 (On-Delayed):
A motor must start up 30 seconds after an enable signal is given.
This task is implemented using an input device which retains its '1'
state on power-up.
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Coil
Function
I1
Motor Enable
Q2
Motor
T8
Delay time
Parameter Display:
I1---------TT8
T8------{Q2
X
S
{
30.00
TRG
RES
T8
+
Signal diagram:
U
I1
T8
t1
t2
t 1 + t2 = 30s
U = Supply voltage
I1 must be activated when the power is turned back on.
Task 2
A conveyor belt is to be run empty. This no-load running is
implemented by using a time relay to keep the belt running following
the STOP BELT command until the preset time has elapsed. If this
procedure is interrupted by an interruption of power, the belt is only
permitted to run empty after power-up for the remainder of the preset
time period. This task is implemented using retentive markers.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
7-10
Retention
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Parameters Entered:
I2---------TT6
Coil
T6/T7
T6---------SQ1
M16
I3----------TT1
Function
One shot timers
X
S
{
30.00
TRG
T8
RES
+
T1---------SM16
I2
Start conveyor belt
Q1
Conveyor belt motor
I3
Stop conveyor belt
M16
Stop selected
T8
Remaining time
M16---------TT8
Time setting for T6, T7
T8----------RQ1
RM16
I2 and I3 are converted to one-shot pulses by T6 / T7. Only the
actuation of the push-button is recognized. Should they remain
constantly pressed, malfunctions would occur. In the above example,
T7 does not have to be retentive.
I2 is a normally open push button, and I3 is a normally closed push
button. A normally closed push button is used for the STOP
CONVEYOR signal so that in the event of a loose or broken wire, the
conveyor automatically stops.
Signal diagram:
U
I2/T6
Q1
I3
M16
T8
t1
t2
t 1 + t 2 = 30s
U = Supply voltage
The make contact of T8 closes for one Pico cycle and resets M16, Q1.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Retention
7-11
Off-Delayed, Off-Delayed Switching with Random Time Range, Retentive
Task:
No-load running of a conveyor belt. (Same as the previous example
except implemented using an off-delay timer)
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Parameters Entered:
I2---------TT6
Coil
Function
T6/T7
Single pulse
I2
Start conveyor belt
Q1
Conveyor belt motor
I3
Stop conveyor belt
M16
Stop selected
T8
Remaining time
T6-T8------SQ1
M16
I3---------TT7
T7--------SM16
M16---------TT8
T8---------RQ1
S
{
30.00
TRG
RES
T8
+
Time setting for T6, T7
RM16
I2 and I3 are converted to one-shot pulses by T6/T7. Only the
actuation of the push-button is recognized. In the above example, T7
does not have to be retentive.
Signal diagram:
U
I2/T6
Q1
I3
M16
T8
t1
t2
t1 + t2 = 30s
U = Supply voltage
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7-12
Retention
Single-Pulse Timing Relays, Retentive
Single-pulse timing relays are suitable for metering adhesives, liquids
etc.
Task: A lubricating device is to always dispense the same quantity of
oil.
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Parameters entered:
I1---------TT8
Coil
Function
I1
Start lubrication
Q1
Oil valve
T8
Oil time
T8---------{Q1
S
{
30.00
TRG
RES
Signal diagram:
U
I1
T8
Q1
t1
t2
A
t
B
t 1 + t2 = 30s
U = Supply voltage
Range A: In this case, the power is interrupted. When power is
restored, the output stays on for the remaining time.
Range B: The time period expires without interruption.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
T8
+
Retention
7-13
Flashing Switch Operation, Retentive
Task:
A flasher function is used to lower an ink stamp at identical time
intervals to print an area and then to raise the stamp to prepare for the
next hit.
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Parameters entered:
-----------TT8
T8---------{Q1
Coil
Function
Q1
Valve
T8
Time
S
{
10.00
TRG
RES
T8
+
Signal diagram:
U
T8
Q1
t
t1
A
t2
t
t1 + t 2 = t
U = Supply voltage
Range A:
Within this range, the power is turned off. Following another
power-on, the remaining time runs until finished.
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7-14
Retention
Retentive Up/Down
Counters C7 and C8
How the Retention Works
The actual values of counters C7 and C8 are retentive. When the
condition for resetting the counter is satisfied, the actual value of the
counter will be reset.
Examples
Counting Parts
Task 1
Parts are packed automatically in a shipping carton. Even if there is a
power outage, the correct number should still be packed into the
carton. When the carton is full, the carton is removed manually and
the counter is reset.
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Coil
Parameters entered:
I5---------CC8
Function
C8---------{Q1
I6-C8------RC8
I5
Count parts
I6
Reset counter
Q1
Carton Full, signal lamp
C8
Up counter
Signal diagram:
U
a
U = Supply voltage
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
a
{
0042
DIR
CNT
RES
0036
C8
+
Retention
7-15
Operating Hours Counter for Maintenance Intervals
Task 2
Every 1000 hours, the system or machine must undergo preventive
maintenance. Filters and transmission oil must be changed and the
bearings must be lubricated.
Contacts and relays used:
Circuit Diagram:
Parameters entered:
-----------TT8
T8-M16-----CC8
-------SM16
Coil
Function
T8
Clock pulse
M16
Block double pulse
Q4
Warning light, 1000 h reached
C8
Up counter
I1
Reset
T8--------RM16
18:38
M:S
{
{
30.00
TRG
RES
T8
+
1000
0107
DIR
CNT
RES
C8
+
C8---------{Q4
I1---------RC8
RT8
{
{
Function of the Pico circuit diagram:
T8 provides the clock pulse. When a time of t = 30 minutes is
selected, the counting period amounts to 2 x t = 60 min. Every hour,
one pulse is counted. The up counter C8 triggers a warning light at
1000 by means of Q4.
For the clock pulse to be correct when there is a power outage, T8
must be retentive.
M16 prevents C8 from accidentally receiving a counter pulse when the
power is turned back on if there was a power outage during the
counting period.
Both M16 and C8 must retain their actual values at power outage so
that the 1000 hours of operating with interruptions in the power
supply can be counted.
I1 (for example, a key-operated switch) is used to reset the counter.
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7-16
Retention
Signal diagram:
U
T8
M16
Q4
I1
A
U = Supply voltage
Range A:
Value before power outage: 107
Value after switching back on: 107
Automatic Lubrication at Constant Intervals and With a Constant Quantity of
Lubricant
Task 3:
After every 60 minutes of machine run time, the bearings of the
machine must be lubricated for 30 seconds.
Contacts and relays used:
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Coil
Function
T1
Clock pulse
M15
Lubricate
Q1
Lubrication Valve
T8
Lubrication time
C8
Up counter
Retention
Function of the Pico circuit
diagram:
T1 provides the clock pulse.
When a time of t = 0.5 seconds
is selected the counting period
amounts to 2 x t = 1 s. One
pulse is counted every second.
The up counter C8 switches
valve Q1 on via M15 at 3600
counting pulses (3600 s = 1 h).
M15 resets C8 and prepares C8
for the next hour. To stop C8
from continuing to count while
lubrication is in process, the
break contact of M15 blocks
the counting of pulses.
7-17
Parameters entered:
Circuit Diagram:.
-----------TT1
T1-M15-----CC8
C8--------SM15
S
{
M15--------TT8
00.50
TRG
RES
T1
+
RC8
M15-T8-----{Q1
Parameter Display:
T8--------RM15
{
{
3600
DIR
CNT
RES
C8
+
Parameters entered:
X
S
{
30.00
TRG
RES
T8
+
T8 is actuated by means of
M15. Once T8 has timed out,
M15 and T8 will be reset.
In order that both the time elapsed since the last lubrication (counter
C8) and also the lubrication pulse remains constant in the event of a
power outage, C8, M15 and T8 must be retentive.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
7-18
Retention
Signal diagram:
U
T1
C8
M15
Q1
T8
t1
U = Supply voltage
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
t2
t1 + t2 = 30s
Chapter
8
Inside Pico
Circuit Diagram Cycle
In conventional control systems, relay control processes all the circuit
connections in parallel. The speed with which a relay switches is thus
dependent on the components used, and ranges from 15 to 40 ms for
relay pick-up and drop-out.
With Pico, the circuit diagram is processed with a microprocessor that
simulates the contacts and coils of the relay logic and thus processes
all switching operations considerably faster. Depending on its size, the
Pico circuit diagram is processed cyclically every 2 to 40 ms.
During this time, Pico passes through five segments in succession.
How Pico Evaluates the Circuit Diagram
Range
Circuit Connections
1
2
3
4
..
1
2
3
4
5
I1-I4- 1-TT2
I2-I3-----RT2
T2--------{Q1
P1- .. ...
...
I1-Q1----{Q8
In the first three segments, Pico evaluates the contact fields in
succession. As it does so, Pico also checks whether contacts are
connected in parallel or in series and stores the switching states of all
the contact fields.
In the fourth segment, Pico assigns the new switching states to all the
coils in one pass.
The fifth segment is outside the circuit diagram. Pico uses this to make
contact with the ’outside world’: Output relays Q1 to Q… are
switched and inputs I1 to I… are read. Pico also copies all the new
switching states to the status image register.
Pico only uses this status image for one cycle. This ensures that each
circuit connection is evaluated with the same switching state for one
cycle, even if the input signals I1 to I12 change their status several
times within a cycle.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
8-2
Inside Pico
Evaluation in the Circuit Diagram and High-Speed Counter
Functions
When using high-speed counter functions, the signal state is
continuously counted or measured regardless of the processing of the
circuit diagram. (C13, C14 high-speed up/down counters, C15, C16
frequency counters.)
How Does This Affect Creation of the Circuit Diagram?
Pico evaluates the circuit diagram in these five segments in order. You
should therefore remember two points when you create your circuit
diagrams:
• The changeover of a relay coil does not change the switching
state of an associated contact until the next cycle starts.
• Always wire forward or from top to bottom. Never work
backward.
Example: Switch One Cycle Later
This is the circuit diagram of a self-latching
circuit. If I1 and I2 are closed, the switching state
of relay coil {Q1 is “held” via contact Q1.
Circuit Diagram:
I1-I2-------{Q1
Q1
1st cycle: I1 and I2 are switched on. Relay {Q1
picks up.
Relay contact Q1 remains off since Pico evaluates
from left to right.
Start Condition:
I1, I2 switched on
Q1 switched off
2nd cycle: The self-latching function now becomes active. Pico has
transferred the coil states to contact Q1 at the end of the first cycle.
Example: Do Not Wire Backward
This example is shown in
Create and Modify
Connections on page 4-10.
It was used to illustrate
how NOT to program.
I1-Q4-I3
I1-Q4-I3-{M1
I2-I4-M1-{Q2
I2-I4-{Q2
When wiring more than three contacts in series, use one of the marker
relays.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Inside Pico
Determine Cycle Time of
Circuit Diagrams
8-3
The maximum cycle time of a circuit diagram must be known in order
to determine the maximum counter frequency or reaction time of
Pico.
Blank Cycle Time Calculation Tables can be found on page A-13 of
this manual.
1760-L12xxx Cycle Time
For 1760-L12xxx, the cycle time can be calculated as follows:
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Total
Basic pulse
1
210
–
Refresh
1
3500
–
Contacts and bridged contact fields
–
20
–
Coils
–
20
–
Total rungs from the first one to the last –
one, with empty ones in between
50
–
–
20
–
Timing relays
–
–
–
Counters
–
–
–
Analog value function relays
–
–
–
Connecting lines (only
,
)
,
Total
–
List of Times for Processing Function Relays
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Timing relays in µs
20
40
80
120
160
200
240
280
Counters in µs
20
50
90
130
170
210
260
310
100
120
140
160
180
220
260
Analog value processors in µs 80
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
8-4
Inside Pico
Example: Parallel Circuit
I2----------{Q4
I3
Calculate the maximum cycle time for the
following circuit diagram:
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Total
Basic pulse
1
210
210
Refresh
1
3500
3500
Contacts and bridged contact fields
4
20
80
Coils
1
20
20
Total rungs from the first one to the last
one, with empty ones in between
2
50
100
Connecting lines (only
–
20
–
Timing relays
–
–
–
Counters
–
–
–
Analog value function relays
–
–
–
,
,
)
Total
3910
Example: Circuit with Branches
I1---------TT1
T1------{Q1
T1------TT2
T2------{Q2
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Total
Basic pulse
1
210
210
Refresh
1
3500
3500
Contacts and bridged contact fields
9
20
180
Coils
4
20
80
Total rungs from the first one to the last 4
one, with empty ones in between
50
200
3
20
60
2
40
40
Connecting lines (only
Timing relays
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
,
,
)
Inside Pico
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Total
Counters
–
–
–
Analog value function relays
–
–
–
Total
8-5
4270
Example: Operating Hours Counter
-----------TT8
T8-M16-----CC8
-------SM16
T8--------RM16
C8---------{Q4
I1---------RC8
RT8
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Total
Basic pulse
1
210
210
Refresh
1
3500
3500
Contacts and bridged contact fields
17
20
340
Coils
7
20
140
Total rungs from the first one to the last
one, with empty ones in between
7
50
350
Connecting lines (only
2
20
40
Timing relays
1
20
20
Counters
1
20
20
Analog value function relays
–
–
–
Total
,
,
)
4620
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8-6
Inside Pico
1760-L18xxx Cycle Time
For 1760-L18xxx, the cycle time can be calculated as follows:
Function
Number
Time Duration in µs Total
Basic pulse
1
520
–
Refresh
–
5700
–
Contacts and bridged contact fields
–
40
–
Coils
–
20
–
Total rungs from the first one to the last
one, with empty ones in between
–
70
–
Connecting lines (only
–
40
–
Timing relays
–
–
–
Counters
–
–
–
Analog value function relays
–
–
–
,
)
,
Total
–
List of Times for Processing Function Relays
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Timing relays in µs
40
120
160
220
300
370
440
540
Counters in µs
40
100
160
230
300
380
460
560
180
220
260
300
360
420
500
Analog value processors in µs 120
Example: Operating Hours Counter
-----------TT8
T8-M16-----CC8
-------SM16
T8--------RM16
C8---------{Q4
I1---------RC8
RT8
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Inside Pico
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Total
Basic pulse
1
520
520
Refresh
–
5700
5700
Contacts and bridged contact fields
17
40
680
Coils
7
20
140
Total rungs from the first one to the last
one, with empty ones in between
7
70
490
Connecting lines (only
2
40
180
Timing relays
1
–
60
Counters
1
–
40
Analog value function relays
–
–
–
,
,
)
Total
Delay Times for Inputs and
Outputs
8-7
7710
The time from an input physically energizing to the
time Pico actually reads the input is called the
input delay time, and can be set in Pico.
S1
This function is useful, for example, to ensure a
clean input signal despite contact bounce.
0V
I1
Pico DC and Pico AC units function with different
input voltages and therefore have different
evaluation methods and delay times.
Delay Times for Pico DC Units (1760-L12BWB-xx, 1760-L12DWD
and 1760-L18BWB-EX)
The debounce delay time for DC signals is 20 ms.
1
S1
0
1
B
B
0
A
C
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8-8
Inside Pico
An input signal, S1, must be present at the input terminal for at least
20 ms before the switch contact will change from 0 to 1 (A) in the
program. If applicable, this time must also include the program cycle
time (B) since Pico does not detect the signal until the start of a cycle.
The same debounce delay (C) applies when the signal drops out from
1 to 0.
1
S1
0
1
B
B
0
A
C
Typical delay times with the input debounce delay turned off are a
few hundred µs, and are given in the specifications in Appendix A.
IMPORTANT
Check that there is no electrical interference affecting
the input signals when the input delay is disabled.
Pico responds even to very short signals.
Delay Times for Pico AC Units (1760-L12AWA-xx and
1760-L18AWA-xx)
The input delay with AC voltage signals depends on the frequency:
• On-delay:
– 66 ms at 60 Hz, 80 ms at 50 Hz
• Off-delay:
– I1 to I6 and I9 to I12: 66 ms at 60 Hz, 80 ms at 50 Hz
– I7 and I8: 150 ms at 60 Hz, 160 ms at 50 Hz
(1760-L12AWA-xx)
– I7 and I8: 66 ms at 60 Hz, 80 ms at 50 Hz (1760-L18AWA-xx)
S1
1.
A
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2.
1.
2.
B
Inside Pico
8-9
If the delay is switched on, Pico checks at 33 ms (40 ms for 50 Hz)
intervals whether there is a half-wave present at an input terminal (1st
and 2nd pulses in A). If Pico detects two pulses in succession, the
device switches on the corresponding input internally.
If this is not the case, the input is switched off again as soon as Pico
does not detect two successive half-waves (1st and 2nd pulses in B).
S1
1.
1.
A
B
If a button or switch bounces (A), the delay time may be extended by
33 ms at 60 Hz (40 ms at 50 Hz) (A).
If the input delay is switched off, the delay time is reduced.
• On-delay
– 16.6 ms at 60 Hz, 20 ms at 50 Hz
• Off-delay:
– I1 to I6 and I9 to I12: 16.6 ms at 60 Hz, 20 ms at 50 Hz
– I7 and I8: 100 ms at 60 Hz and 50 Hz (1760-L12AWA-xx)
– I7 and I8: 16.6 ms at 60 Hz, 20 ms at 50 Hz (1760-L18AWA-xx)
S1
1.
1.
A
B
Pico switches the contact as soon as it detects a pulse (A). If no pulse
is detected, Pico switches off the contact (B). The procedure for
changing the delay times is described in Activate Debounce (Input
Delay) on page 6-10.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
8-10
Inside Pico
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
9
Use of Expansion Modules
Overview
Additional I/O points can be added to the 1760-Lxxxxx-EX Pico
models.
To do this, first install the expansion module and connect the inputs
and outputs. See the following sections of this manual:
For
See
Mounting
Connect the Expansion Module on page 2-3
Power Supply Connections 1760-IA12XOW6I Expansion Module on page 2-10
1760-IB12XOB8 Expansion Module on page 2-11
Input Wiring
Example Using 1760-IA12XOW6I on page 2-15
Example Using 1760-IB12XOB8 on page 2-18
Expansion Modules on page 1-4
Output Wiring
1760-L12AWA-xx, 1760-L12BWB-xx and 1760-L12DWD on
page 2-22
1760-L18AWA-xx and 1760-L18BWB-EX on page 2-23
1760-IA12XOW6I on page 2-23
1760-OW2 on page 2-23
Inputs
Use the inputs of the expansion modules as contacts in the Pico circuit
diagram as you would use the inputs on the Pico controller. The
expansion inputs are R1 to R12.
TIP
1
R15 and R16 are used for expansion overload
detection for the transistor expansion module,
1760-IB12XOB8, as described on page 9-4.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
9-2
Use of Expansion Modules
Outputs
Expansion module outputs are processed as relay coils or contacts in
the same way as they are on the Pico controller. The expansion
output relays are numbered S1 to S8.
Expansion module 1760-IA12XOW6I provides 6 relay outputs. The
other outputs, S7 and S8, can be used as markers.
Expansion module 1760-IB12XOB8 provides 8 transistor outputs. See
Monitor for Short Circuit or Overload on page 9-4 for information on
output faults.
Operation
How the Expansion Module is Recognized
When at least one R contact or S contact/coil is used in the circuit
diagram, the Pico controller assumes that an expansion module is
connected.
Data Transfer Behavior
The input and output data of the expansion module is transferred
serially in both directions. Take into account the modified reaction
times of the inputs and outputs when using expansion modules.
Input and Output Reaction Times of Expansion Modules
TIP
The debounce setting has no effect on expansion
modules.
Transfer Times for Input and Output Signals
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Input or Output
Reaction Time
R1 to R12
30 ms + one cycle
S1 to S6 (or S8)
15 ms + one cycle time
Use of Expansion Modules
9-3
Monitor Functions of the Expansion Module
Be Sure Power Supply is Present
If the power supply of the expansion module is not present, no
connection can be established between it and the Pico controller.
When no power supply is present, the expansion inputs, R1 to R12
and R15 and R16, are incorrectly processed in the Pico controller and
show status of 0. Also, it cannot be assured that outputs S1 to S8 will
be transferred to the expansion module.
ATTENTION
Always monitor the expansion module to prevent
switching faults in machines or systems.
Expansion Module Status
The status of the Pico controller internal input I14 indicates the status
of the expansion module, as follows:
Expansion Module Status
Pico Controller Input
Status
I14 = 0
Expansion module is functional.
I14 = 1
Expansion module is not functional.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
9-4
Use of Expansion Modules
Monitor for Short Circuit or Overload
Expansion module 1760-IB12XOB8 provides 8 transistor outputs. The
outputs are thermally protected, and switch off in the event of an
overload or short circuit. After a cooling period, a faulted output
re-energizes in an attempt to operate the output load. If the fault
condition still exists, the output will overheat and switch off again.
This process is repeated until the overload is removed (or until power
is turned off).
You can use internal inputs R15 and R16 to monitor for short circuits
or overloads on an output. Each of the bits (R15 and R16) monitors a
group of four outputs.
• R15: Group fault signal for outputs S5 to S8
• R16: Group fault signal for outputs S1 to S4
The bit is active (1) when one or more of the outputs in the group has
been faulted. An overload fault is indicated as follows.
If the Status is:
R15
R16
0
0
No overload.
0
1
At least one output has a fault in Group S1 to S4.
1
0
At least one output has a fault in Group S5 to S8.
1
1
At least one output has a fault in each Group.
IMPORTANT
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Then:
Monitor these bits (R15 and R16) in your logic
program to be sure that system or machine
operations are handled in an orderly manner in the
event of an output fault.
Use of Expansion Modules
Module Status Example
9-5
Power can be applied to the expansion unit later than it is applied to
the Pico controller. This means that Pico is switched to Run with the
expansion module missing. The Pico circuit diagram below detects
whether the expansion unit is operational or not.
I14-M1-----[:8
-----------SM1
I14--------[:8
I1-I2------[Q1
Q1
As long as I14 = 1, the remaining circuit diagram is skipped. If I14 = 0,
the circuit diagram is processed. If the expansion module drops out
for any reason, the circuit diagram is skipped. M1 detects whether the
circuit diagram was processed for at least one cycle after the power
supply switched on. If the circuit diagram is skipped, all the outputs
retain their previous state. The next example should be used if this is
not desired.
Example with LCD Output and Reset of the Outputs
I14-M1-----[:8
-----------SM1
I14--------[:8
I1-I2------[Q1
Q1
I14--------[D1
I14--------[:8
:8---------[D1
RQ1
:8
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9-6
Use of Expansion Modules
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
10
Troubleshoot Your Controller
You may sometimes find that Pico does not do exactly what you
expect. If this happens, read through the following notes which are
intended to help you solve some of the problems you may encounter.
Use the power flow display in Pico to check the logic operations in
the Pico circuit diagrams with reference to the switching states of
contacts and relays.
Only qualified persons should test Pico voltages while the device is in
operation.
Messages from the Pico
System
Pico System Messages on
the LCD
Explanation
Remedy
No display
Power interrupted
Turn on the power.
Pico LCD faulty
Replace the Pico.
Self-test aborted
Replace the Pico.
Memory module removed or not
inserted correctly before saving
Insert the memory
module.
Memory module faulty
Replace the memory
module.
Pico is faulty
Replace the Pico.
Continuous display
TEST: AC
TEST: EEPROM
TEST: DISPLAY
TEST: CLOCK
ERROR: I2C
1
ERROR: EEPROM
The memory for storing the
Replace the Pico.
retentive values or the Pico circuit
diagram memory is faulty.
ERROR: CLOCK
Clock error
Replace the Pico.
ERROR: LCD
LCD is faulty
Replace the Pico.
ERROR: ACLOW
Incorrect ac voltage
Test the voltage.
Pico is faulty
Replace the Pico.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
10-2
Troubleshoot Your Controller
Possible Situations When
Creating Circuit Diagrams
Possible Situations When
Creating Circuit Diagrams
Explanation
Remedy
Cannot enter contact or relay
in circuit diagram
Pico is in Run mode
Select Stop mode.
Time switch switches at
wrong times
Incorrect time or time switch
parameters
Check time and
parameters.
Cannot select analog
comparator ‘Ax’
Pico ac versions have no analog
inputs
Use Pico dc for
comparing analog
values.
Cannot select time switch
contacts
Pico has no clock
‘-NC’ version does
not have a clock.
When using a memory
module Pico will display the
message ‘PROG INVALID’
Pico memory module contains no
circuit diagram
Change the version
of Pico or change the
circuit diagram in
the memory module.
Circuit diagram on the memory
module uses contacts /relays that
Pico does not recognize:
• Do not use “-NC” versions
for time switch functions
• Analog inputs only with DC
controllers
Current flow display does not
show modifications to the
circuit connections
Pico is in Stop mode
Select Run mode.
Operation / connection not
performed
Check the circuit
diagram and
parameter sets and
modify as required.
Relay does not activate coil
Incorrect parameter values / time
• Analog value comparison
is incorrect
• Time value of timing relay
is incorrect
• Function of timing relay is
incorrect
Relay ‘Q’ or ‘M’ does not pick
up
Relay coil has been wired up
several times
Check coil field
entries.
Input not detected
Loose terminal contact
Check installation
instructions, and
external wiring.
No voltage to switch/button
Broken wire
Pico input is faulty
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Replace the Pico.
Troubleshoot Your Controller
10-3
Possible Situations When
Creating Circuit Diagrams
Explanation
Remedy
Relay output ‘Q’ does not
switch and activate the load
Pico in Stop mode
Select Run mode
No voltage at relay contact
Check installation
instructions, and
external wiring.
Pico power supply interrupted
Pico circuit diagram does not
activate relay output
Broken wire
Pico relay is faulty
Replace the Pico
Event
Event
Explanation
Remedy
The actual values are not
being stored retentively.
Retention has not been
enabled.
Enable retention in the
SYSTEM menu.
The RETENTION… menu is
not displayed in the
SYSTEM menu.
Pico is in Run mode
Select Stop mode.
The SYSTEM menu is not
displayed.
Pico is password protected
Unlock Pico’s password.
Pico starts only in Stop
mode
No circuit diagram in Pico
Load an input circuit
diagram.
Start-up behavior is set to
the function “Start-up in
operating mode STOP”.
Set the start-up behavior in
the SYSTEM menu.
No power supply
Switch on the power supply.
Pico is faulty
Press the Ok button. If no
menu appears, replace the
Pico.
Text displayed with too
many spaces
Enter text.
LCD display showing
nothing
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
10-4
Troubleshoot Your Controller
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Chapter
11
DC Simulator
Description
The DC Simulator, catalog number 1760-SIM, can be used to simulate
Pico inputs and outputs to test and troubleshoot programs. The
simulator contains three components: input simulator board, output
simulator board, and wall-mount power supply. The illustration on
page 11-2 shows how to connect the simulator to Pico.
The input simulator board contains 8 maintained push buttons
connected to the 8 inputs of Pico as well as 2 potentiometers
connected to Inputs 7 and 8. The push buttons simulate digital input
devices such as limit switches, proximity sensors, and photoswitches.
The potentiometers can be used to simulate analog input devices such
as temperature and pressure transducers. The output board contains
four LEDs that simulate output devices such as relays, motor starters,
or solenoids.
ATTENTION
The DC simulator can only be used with:
• 1760-L12BWB
• 1760-L12BWB-NC
• 1760-L12BWB-ND
• 1760-L12BBB
• 1760-L12BBB-ND
Use only the power supply provided.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
11-2
DC Simulator
Installation Guidelines
ATTENTION
Be sure that power is not applied when installing the
input and output simulator boards. Follow the
installation procedure below.
Digital
Inputs
I7 and I8
Analog Inputs
Installation Procedure
I1
1. Connect inputs.
I3
I2
I5
I4
I7
I6
I8
2. Connect outputs.
1760-L12BWB-xx
3. Plug in the connection
cable.
4. Connect the power
supply.
5. Plug in the power
supply unit.
Del
Connection
Cable
Esc
Q1
Q2
Q3
Alt
Ok
Q4
Output LEDs
Jumper
Power Supply Unit
IMPORTANT
Observe the following precautions when using the DC Simulator:
1. The jumper on the circuit board must be in the RC (lower) position. The simulator
will not operate if the jumper is in the TC (upper) position.
2. When using the digital input switches for inputs I7 and/or I8, make certain that the
corresponding analog input potentiometers are fully rotated to the OFF (clockwise)
position.
3. When using the analog input potentiometers for inputs I7 and/or I8, be certain that
the corresponding digital input switches are in the OFF position.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Appendix
A
Specifications
Physical Specifications
Specification
1760-L12xxx
1760-L18xxx, 1760-L20xx
1760-IA12XOW6I,
1760-IA12XOW4I
1760-IB12XOB8
1760-IB12XOB8
Dimensions W x H x D
71.5 mm (2.82 in.) x 90 mm (3.55
in.) x 56.5 mm (2.08 in.)
107.5 mm (4.24 in.) x 90 mm (3.55 35.5 mm (1.4 in) x 90 mm (3.55
in.) x 56.5 mm (2.08 in.)
in.) x 56.5 mm (2.08 in.)
Weight [g]
200g (7 oz.)
300g (10.6 oz)
Mounting
DIN Rail 50022, 35 mm
or screw mounting with 3 or 4 mounting feet
Solid/Stranded
AWG 22 to AWG 12
Slot-head screwdriver, width
3.5 x 0.8 mm
Tightening torque
0.57 to 0.79 Nm (5 to 7 lb-in)
Environmental
Specifications
1760-OW2
70
These environmental specifications apply to all of the Bulletin 1760
products.
Ambient climatic conditions
1
Specification
Value
Standard
Operating
Temperature
-25°C to +55°C (-13°F to +131°F)
–
Storage/transport
temperature
-40°C to +70°C (-40°F to +158°F)
–
Operating humidity
5 to 95%, non-condensing
IEC 60068-2-30
Air pressure
(operation)
795 to 1080 hPa (0.795 to 1.08 Bar)
–
Corrosion resistance
SO2 10 cm3/m3, 4 days
IEC 60068-2-42
H2S 1 cm3/m3, 4 days
IEC 60068-2-43
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-2
Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Ambient mechanical conditions
Specification
Value
Standard
Pollution degree
2
–
Protection class
IP 20
EN 50178, IEC 60529, VBG4
Vibration
10 to 57 Hz
(constant amplitude 0.15
mm)
IEC 60068-2-6
57 to 150 Hz
(constant acceleration 2G)
Shock
18 shocks
(semi-sinusoidal 15G/11 ms)
IEC 60068-2-27
Drop
50 mm (1.97 in)
IEC 60068-2-31
Drop, packaged
1m (39.4 in)
IEC 60068-2-32
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Electrostatic discharge
8 KV air discharge,
6 KV contact discharge
IEC/EN 61000-4-2,
severity level 3
Electromagnetic fields
Field strength 10 V/m
IEC/EN 61000-4-3
Emitted interference,
interference immunity
Class B
EN 55011, EN 55022
Fast Transient Burst
2 KV power supply
2 KV signal cables
IEC/EN 61000-4-4,
severity level 3
High-energy pulses (surge) 2 KV power cable
Pico 1760-LxxAWA
symmetrical
1760-IA12XOW6I
IEC/EN 61000-4-5
High-energy pulses (surge) 0.5 KV power cable
Pico 1760-LxxBWB-xx
symmetrical
1760-IB12X0B8
IEC/EN 61000-4-5,
severity level 2
Line Conducted
Interference
IEC/EN 61000-4-6
10V
Dielectric strength
Clearance and creepage
distances
EN 50178, UL 508, CSA C22.2, No 142
Dielectric strength
EN 50178
Backup/accuracy of real-time clock (except ‘-NC’)
Clock capacitor back-up
at 25°C (77°F)
Nominal 64 hours
at 40°C (104°F)
Nominal 24 hours
Accuracy of the real-time
clock
Nominal ±5s/day, ± 0.5 h/year
Repetition accuracy of timing relays
Accuracy of timing relays
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
±1% of value
Specifications
A-3
Ambient mechanical conditions
Specification
Value
Standard
Resolution
Range “s”
10 ms
Range “M:S”
1s
Range “H:M”
1 min.
Retentive memory
Write cycles of the
retentive memory
Power Supply
≥100,000
AC Models
Incoming Power
1760-L12AWA
1760-L12AWA-NC
1760-L12AWA-ND
1760-L18AWA
1760-L18AWA-EX
1760-L18AWA-EXND
1760-IA12XOW6I
1760-L12NWN
1760-L12NWN-ND
1760-L18NWN-EX
1760-L18NWN-EXND
Rated value (sinusoidal)
100 to 240V ac +10/-15%
100 to 240V ac +10/-15%
24V ac, +10/-15 %
90 to 264V ac
85 to 264V ac
20.4 to 26.4V ac
50/60 Hz, ±5%
50/60 Hz, ±5%
50/60 Hz, ±5%
at 115/120V ac 60 Hz
Nominal 40 mA
Nominal 70 mA
at 230/240V ac 50 Hz
Nominal 20 mA
Nominal 35 mA
Range
Frequency, rated value, tolerance
Line Current
at 24V ac 50/60 Hz
Voltage dips
Nominal 200 mA (1760-L12)
Nominal 300 mA ((1760-L18)
20 ms, EN 61131-2
20 ms, EN 61131-2
at 115/120V ac
Nominal 5 VA
Nominal 10 VA
at 230/240V ac
Nominal 5 VA
Nominal 10 VA
20 ms, EN 61131-2
Power Consumption
at 24V ac
Nominal 5 VA (1760-L12)
Nominal 7 VA (1760-L18)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-4
Specifications
DC Models
1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L12BBB
1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12BWB
1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
1760-IB12XOW6I
1760-IB12XOB8
Rated value
12V dc, +30%, -15%
12V dc, +30%, -15%
24V dc, +20%, -15%
24V dc, +20%, -15%
Range
10.2 to 15.6V dc
10.2 to 15.6V dc
20.4 to 28.8V dc
20.4 to 28.8V dc
Residual ripple
≤5%
≤5%
≤5%
≤5%
Input current
Nominal 140 mA
at 12V dc
Nominal 200 mA
at 12V dc
Nominal 80 mA
at 24V dc
Nominal 140 mA
at 24V dc
Voltage dips
10 ms, EN 61131-2
10 ms, EN 61131-2
10 ms, EN 61131-2
10 ms, EN 61131-2
Power dissipation at 24V dc
Nominal 2 W
Nominal 3.5 W
Nominal 2 W
Nominal 3.5 W
Incoming Power
Rated voltage
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Specifications
Inputs
A-5
AC Models
Specification
1760-L12NWN
1760-L12NWN-ND
1760-L18NWN-EX
1760-L18NWN-EXND
Number
8
12
Status display
LCD (if provided)
LCD (if provided)
To power supply
No
No
Between Inputs
No
No
to the outputs
Yes
Yes
off state
0 to 6V ac
0 to 6V ac
on state
14 to 26.4V ac
14 to 26.4V ac
Rated frequency
50/60 Hz
50/60 Hz
Input current
I1 to I6
(1760-L18NWN-xx also I9 to I10)
4 mA at 24V ac 50 Hz
4 mA at 24V ac 50 Hz
Input current
I7, I8
(1760-L18NWN-xx also I11 and
I12)
2 mA at 24V ac 50 Hz,
2 mA at 24V
2 mA at 24V ac 50 Hz,
2 mA at 24V
Digital inputs 24V ac
Electrical isolation
Rated voltage (sinusoidal)
Delay time I1 to I8 and I9 to I12 (1760-L18-NWN-xx), From 0 to 1 and from 1 to 0
Debounce ON
80 ms (50 Hz), 66.66 ms
(60 Hz)
80 ms (50 Hz), 66.66 ms
(60 Hz)
Debounce OFF
20 ms (50 Hz), 16.66 ms
(60 Hz)
20 ms (50 Hz), 16.66 ms
(60 Hz)
Max. permissible cable length (per input)
I1 to I8 and
1760-L18NWN-xx I9 to I10
40m (131 ft)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-6
Specifications
Specification
1760-L12AWA
1760-L12AWA-NC
1760-L12AWA-ND
1760-L18AWA
1760-L18AWA-EX
1760-L18AWA-EXND
1760-IA12XOW6I(1)
Number
8
12
Status display
LCD (if provided)
LCD (if provided)
To power supply
No
No
Between Inputs
No
No
to the outputs
Yes
Yes
off state
0 to 40V ac
0 to 40V ac
on state
79 to 264V ac
79 to 264V ac
Rated frequency
50/60 Hz
50/60 Hz
Input current
R1 to R12, I1 to I6
(1760-L18AWA-xx also I9 to I12)
0.5 mA at 230V ac 50 Hz, 0.5 mA at 230V ac, 50 Hz
0.25 mA at 115V ac 60
0.25 mA at 115V ac
Hz
60 Hz
Input current
I7, I8
6 mA at 230V ac 50 Hz,
4 mA at 115V ac 60 Hz
Digital inputs 115/230V ac
Electrical isolation
Rated voltage (sinusoidal)
6 mA at 230V ac 50 Hz,
4 mA at 115V ac 60 Hz
Delay time I1 to I6 and I9 to I12, From 0 to 1 and from 1 to 0
Debounce ON
80 ms (50 Hz), 66.66 ms
(60 Hz)
80 ms (50 Hz), 66.66 ms
(60 Hz)
Debounce OFF
20 ms (50 Hz), 16.66 ms
(60 Hz)
20 ms (50 Hz), 16.66 ms
(60 Hz)
Debounce ON
160 ms (50 Hz),
150 ms (60 Hz)
80 ms (50 Hz),
66.66 ms (60 Hz)
Debounce OFF
100 ms (50 Hz/60 Hz)
20 ms (50 Hz),
16.66 ms (60 Hz)
Delay time I7, I8 from 1 to 0
Delay time I7, I8 from 0 to 1
Debounce ON
80 ms (50 Hz), 66.66 ms
(60 Hz)
Debounce OFF
20 ms (50 Hz), 16.66 ms
(60 Hz)
Max. permissible cable length (per input)
R1 to R12, I1 to I6 and I9 to
I12
40m (131 ft)
I7, I8
100m (328 ft)
(1) Delay times for expansion modules are circuit delays only. Additional time is needed to transfer the status to
the controller. See Table on page 9-2.
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Specifications
A-7
DC Models
Specification
1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L12BBB
1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12BWB
1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
1760-IB12XOB8(1)
1760-IB1212XOW6I
8 (1760-L12DWD-xx)
12 (1760-L18DWD-xx)
8
12
Digital Inputs:
Number of Inputs
2 inputs (I7 and I8), 4 inputs (I7, I8, I11, I12) for 1760-L18xxx and 1760-L20xxx usable as analog inputs
Status Display
LCD (if provided)
Electrical Isolation
To Power Supply
No
No
No
Between Inputs
No
No
No
To the Outputs
Yes
Yes
Yes
Rated Voltage
12V dc
24V dc
24V dc
Off State Voltage
4.0V dc I1 to I8
< 5.0V dc
< 5.0V dc (I1 to I12, R1 to R12)
On State Voltage
8V dc I1 to I8
• 15 to 28.8V dc (I1 to I6)
• 15 to 28.8V dc (I1 to I6, I9
to I12, R1 to R12)
• 8 to 28.8V dc (I7, I8)
• 3.3 mA at 24V dc (I1 to I6)
• 3.3 mA at 12V dc (I1 to I6)
I9 to I12
(1760-L18DWD-xx)
Input Current
• 8 to 28.8V dc (I7, I8)
• 3.3 mA at 24V dc (I1 to I6,
I9 to I12, R1 to R12)
• 2.2 mA at 24V dc (I7, I8)
• 2.2 mA at 24V dc (I7, I8)
• 1.1 mA at 12V dc (I7, I8)
Delay Time from 0 to 1
Debounce ON
20 ms
20 ms
20 ms
Debounce OFF
Nominal 0.3 ms
Nominal 0.25 ms
Nominal 0.25 ms
20 ms
20 ms
20 ms
Delay Time from 1 to 0
Debounce ON
• Nominal 0.3 ms (I1 to I6
and I9 to I10 1760-L18xxx)
Debounce OFF
• Nominal 0.35 ms (I7, I8
and I11 to I12
1760-L18xxx)
Cable Length (unshielded)
• Nominal 0.4 ms (I1 to I6)
• Nominal 0.4 ms (I1 to I6)
• Nominal 0.2 ms (I7, I8)
• Nominal 0.2 ms (I7, I8)
100m (328 ft)
100m (328 ft)
100m (328 ft)
2 (4 inputs 1760-L18DWD-xx)
2
4
No
No
No
Analog Inputs:
Number of Inputs
Electrical Isolation
To Power Supply
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-8
Specifications
1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L12BBB
1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12BWB
1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
1760-IB12XOB8(1)
1760-IB1212XOW6I
To the Digital Inputs
No
No
No
To the Outputs
Yes
Yes
Yes
Input Type
dc voltage
dc voltage
dc voltage
Signal Range
0 to 10V dc
0 to 10V dc
0 to 10V dc
Analog Resolution
0.1V
0.1V
0.1V
Input Impedance
11.2K Ω
11.2K Ω
11.2K Ω
Two Pico Devices
±3% of actual value
±3% of actual value
±3% of actual value
Within a Single
Device (I7, I8)
±2% of actual value ±0.12V
±2% of actual value ±0.12V
±2% of actual value ±0.12V
Debounce ON: 20 ms
Debounce ON: 20 ms
Debounce ON: 20 ms
Debounce OFF: every cycle
Debounce OFF: every cycle
Debounce OFF: every cycle
Input Current
< 1 mA
< 1 mA
< 1 mA
Cable Length (shielded)
30m (98 ft)
30m (98 ft)
30m (98 ft)
Specification
Accuracy of
Analog to Digital Conversion
Time
(1) Delay times for expansion modules are circuit delays only. Additional time is needed to transfer the status to the controller. See Table on page 9-2.
High-Speed Counters
High-Speed Counter Inputs, I1 to I4
1760-L12BBB, 1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12BWB, 1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND, 1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L18BWB-EX, 1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L18DWD-EX, 1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L20BBB-EX, 1760-L20BBB-EXND
Number
4
Cable Length (shielded)
20 m
High Speed Up and Down Counters
Counting Frequency
<1 kHz
Pulse Shape
Square Wave
Mark-to-Space Ratio
1:1
Frequency Counters
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Specifications
A-9
High-Speed Counter Inputs, I1 to I4
1760-L12BBB, 1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-L12BWB, 1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND, 1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L18BWB-EX, 1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L18DWD-EX, 1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L20BBB-EX, 1760-L20BBB-EXND
Counting Frequency
<1 kHz
Pulse Shape
Square Wave
Mark-to-Space Ratio
1:1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-10
Specifications
Outputs
Relay Outputs
Specification
1760-L12AWA
1760-L12AWA-NC
1760-L12AWA-ND
1760-L12BWB
1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND
1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L12NWN
1760-L12NWN-ND
1760-L18AWA
1760-L18AWA-EX
1760-L18AWA-EXND
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L18NWN-EX
1760-L18NWN-EXND
1760-IA12XOW6I
1760-IB12XOW6I
1760-OW2
Number of Relay Outputs
4
6 (2 for 1760-OW2)
In Groups of
1 (2 for 1760-OW2)
Connection of Outputs in Parallel to Increase
the Output
Not permissible
Protection for an Output Relay
Miniature circuit-breaker B16 or 8 A fuse (slow)
Isolation to Power Supply and Inputs
300V ac reinforced insulation
Contacts Relays
Conventional Thermal Current
8 A (10 A UL)
Recommended for Load
> 500 mA, 12V ac/dc
Short-Circuit Resistance COS 1
16 A characteristic B (B16) at 600 A
Short-Circuit Resistance COS 0.5 to 0.7 16 A characteristic B (B16) at 900 A
Rated Impulse Withstand Voltage Uimp 6 KV
Contact/Coil
Rated Insulation Voltage Ui
Rated Operational Voltage Ue
250V ac
Isolation to EN 50178 Between Coil
and Contact
300V ac reinforced insulation
Isolation to EN 50178 Between Two
Contacts
300V ac reinforced insulation
Making Capacity
AC-15 COS φ = 0.4, 250V ac, 3A (600
Ops/h)
300,000 switching operations
DC-13 L/R ≤150 ms, 24V dc, 1A (500
Ops/h)
200,000 switching operations
Breaking Capacity
AC-15 COS φ = 0.7 250V ac, 3 A (600
Ops/h)
300,000 switching operations
DC-13 L/R ≤150 ms 24V DC, 1 A (500
Ops/h)
200,000 switching operations
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Specifications
Specification
1760-L12AWA
1760-L12AWA-NC
1760-L12AWA-ND
1760-L12BWB
1760-L12BWB-NC
1760-L12BWB-ND
1760-L12DWD
1760-L12DWD-ND
1760-L12NWN
1760-L12NWN-ND
Filament Lamp Load
1000 W at 230/240V ac/25,000 operations
A-11
1760-L18AWA
1760-L18AWA-EX
1760-L18AWA-EXND
1760-L18BWB-EX
1760-L18BWB-EXND
1760-L18DWD-EX
1760-L18DWD-EXND
1760-L18NWN-EX
1760-L18NWN-EXND
1760-IA12XOW6I
1760-IB12XOW6I
1760-OW2
500 W at 115/120V ac/25,000 operations
Fluorescent Tube with Ballast
10 x 58 W at 230/240V ac/25,000 operations
Conventional Fluorescent Tube,
Compensated
1 x 58 W at 230/240V ac/25,000 operations
Fluorescent Tube, Uncompensated
10 x 58 W at 230/240V ac/25,000 operations
Relay Operating Frequency
Mechanical Switching Operations
10 million (107)
Mechanical Switching Frequency
10 Hz
Resistive Lamp Load
2 Hz
Inductive Load
0.5 Hz
Transistor Outputs
Output Specifications
Specification
1760-L12BBB
1760-L12BBB-ND
1760-IB12XOB8
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
Number of Outputs
4
8
Output Type
semiconductors
Rated Voltage
24V dc
Permissible Range
20.4 to 28.8V dc
Residual Ripple
≤5%
Supply Current
Outputs OFF
18 mA nominal, 32 mA maximum
Outputs ON
24 mA nominal, 44 mA maximum
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-12
Specifications
Specification
1760-L12BBB
1760-L12BBB-ND
Reverse Polarity Protection
Yes
1760-IB12XOB8
1760-L20BBB-EX
1760-L20BBB-EXND
CAUTION: If voltage is applied to the outputs when the polarity of the power supply is
reversed, this will result in a short circuit.
Isolation from Power Supply and Input
Terminals
500V dc
Rated Current
0.5 A dc maximum
Lamp Load
5W
Off State Leakage Current
< 0.1 mA per channel
Maximum Output Voltage Drop
1V dc
Short Circuit Protection
Yes, thermal (detected via diagnostics input I16, I15; R15, R16)
Short Circuit Tripping Current, I
for Load ≤10 milli-ohm
0.7 A ≤ I ≤ 2 A (depending on the number of active channels and their load)
Short Circuit Current
8 A total maximum
16 A total maximum
16 A peak
32 A peak
Thermal Cutout
Yes
Maximum Switching Frequency with
Constant Resistive Load RL < 100 kΩ
40,000 Hz (depending on circuit diagram and load)
Parallel Connection of Outputs with
Resistive Load; Inductive Load with
External Suppression Circuit Combination
Within a Group (see page 2-25)
Group 1: Q1 to Q4, S1 to S4
Number of Outputs
4 maximum
Total Maximum Current
2.0 A
Group 1: Q1 to Q4, S1 to S4
Group 2: Q5 to Q8, S5 to S8
CAUTION: Outputs must be actuated simultaneously and for the same time duration.
Status Display of the Outputs
LCD display (if provided)
Inductive Load (without external suppression)
An unsuppressed inductive load applies stresses to the transistor
output when the load is switched off. It is recommended that all
inductive loads be suppressed. To reduce the risk of damage,
deratings should be applied to the transistor outputs if inductive loads
are not suppressed.
The outputs of the 1760-IB12XOB8 are internally connected in two
groups, S1 to S4 and S5 to S8. No more than one unsuppressed load
should be operated in each output group. The unsuppressed load
should be switched no more frequently than 0.5 Hz (once every two
seconds).
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Specifications
Cycle Time
A-13
1760-L12xxx
Function
Number
Time Duration
in µs
Basic pulse
1
210
Refresh
1
3500
Contacts and bridged contact fields
20
Coils
20
Circuit connections from the first one to the
last one, with empty ones in between
0
Connecting lines, only
20
,
,
Total
Timing relays (see Table below)
Counters (see Table below)
Analog value function relays (see Table
below)
Total
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Timing relays in µs
20
40
80
120
160
200
240
280
Counters in µs
20
50
90
130
170
210
260
310
100
120
140
160
180
220
260
Analog value processors in µs 80
1760-L18xxx
Function
Number
Time Duration (µs)
Basic pulse
1
520
Refresh
5700
Contacts and bridged contact fields
40
Coils
20
Circuit connections from the first one to the
last one, with empty ones in between
70
Connecting lines, only
40
,
,
Total
Timing relays (see Table below)
Counters (see Table below)
Analog value function relays (see Table
below)
Total
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-14
Specifications
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Timing relays in µs
40
120
160
220
300
370
440
540
Counters in µs
40
100
160
230
300
380
460
560
180
220
260
300
360
420
500
Analog value processors in µs 120
Dimensions
1760-L12xxx
10.75 mm
(0.423 in)
50 mm
(1.97 in)
90 mm
(3.54 in)
45 mm
(1.77 in)
110 mm
(4.33 in)
102 mm
(4.02 in)
4.5 mm (0.177 in)
47.5 mm (1.87 in)
56.5 mm (2.22 in)
58 mm (2.28 in)
M4
35.75 mm
(1.41 in)
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
71.5 mm
(2.81 in)
Specifications
A-15
1760-L18xxx, 1760-L20xxx and Expansion Modules
16.25 mm
(0.640 in)
16.25 mm
(0.640 in)
75 mm (2.96 in)
M4
45 mm
(1.77 in)
110 mm
90 mm
(4.33 in)
(3.54 in)
102 mm
(4.02 in)
4.5 mm (0.177 in)
47.5 mm (1.87 in)
56.5 mm (2.22 in)
58 mm (2.28 in)
107.5 mm (4.23 in)
Pico 1760-OW2 Expansion Module
110 4.33"
90 3.54"
102 4.01"
7.5 0.295"
M4
7.5 0.295"
35.5 1.4"
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
A-16
Specifications
Dimensions of the 1760-RM… Remote Processor modules
1760-DU… and 176-RM…
58
2.28"
176-RM…
22.5
0.89"
30 1.18"
75
2.95"
22.5
0.89"
36.2
1.43"
20.5
0.81"
27.5
1.08"
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
43.2
1.7"
Appendix
B
Circuit Diagram Form
See page 4-21 for an example that shows how to use these forms for
planning and preparing your Pico circuit diagrams.
Customer:
Program:
Date:
Page:
Comment:
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
B-2
Circuit Diagram Form
Customer:
Program:
Date:
Page:
Timing relays
:
:
:
TRG
T
:
TRG
RES
:
T
:
TRG
RES
T
RES
Analog comparators
ANALOG
ANALOG
ANALOG
A
A
A
Timing switches
-
-
-
ON
:
ON
:
ON
:
OFF
:
OFF
:
OFF
:
Up/down counters
DIR
CNT
RES
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
DIR
C
CNT
RES
DIR
C
CNT
RES
C
Glossary
The following terms are used throughout this manual. Refer to the
Allen-Bradley Industrial Automation Glossary, Publication Number
AG-7.1, for a complete guide to Allen-Bradley technical terms.
Analog input - The DC versions of Pico have analog inputs I7 and I8.
The input voltage range is 0 V to 10 V. Input data is evaluated by
built-in analog comparator function relays.
Circuit connections - Every line in the circuit diagram display
represents a circuit connection.
Circuit diagram elements - As in conventional wiring, the circuit
diagram is made up of circuit elements. These include input, output
and marker relays, plus function relays and the P buttons.
Connect mode - Connect mode is used to wire up the circuit
elements in your Pico circuit diagram.
Contact behavior - The contact behavior of any circuit element can
be defined as either a break contact or a make contact. Break contact
elements are identified by a line on top of the identifier (Exception:
conditional jumps).
Entry mode - Entry mode is used to input or modify values when
creating circuit diagrams or setting parameters, for example.
Flip-flop relay - An impulse relay is a relay which changes its
switching state and stays changed (latched) when a voltage is applied
to the relay coil for a short time.
Function relay type - Function relays are provided for more
complex switching tasks. Pico features the following types of relay:
•
•
•
•
•
Timing relays
Time switches
Counters
Analog comparators
Text marker relays
Input - The inputs are used to connect up external contacts. In the
circuit diagram, inputs are evaluated via contacts I1 to I12 (or R1 to
R12 on the expansion modules). Pico DC units can also receive analog
data via inputs I7 and I8.
Interface - The Pico interface is used to exchange and save circuit
diagrams to a memory card or PC. Each memory card contains one
circuit diagram and its associated Pico settings. The PicoSoft PC
software allows you to control Pico from your PC which is connected
using the 1760-CBL-PM02 cable.
1
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Glossary
2
Memory Module - The memory module is used to store your Pico
circuit diagram, together with its parameter and Pico settings. Your
data on the memory module will be retained, even if the power
supply fails or is switched off. The memory module is inserted into
the interface slot on the Pico device.
Operating buttons - Pico has eight operating buttons. These are
used to select menu functions and create circuit diagrams. The large
round button in the middle is used to move the cursor. DEL, ALT, ESC
and OK all perform additional functions.
Operating mode - Pico has two operating modes: RUN and STOP.
RUN mode is used to process your circuit diagram (with the controller
running continuously). In STOP mode you can create your circuit
diagrams.
Output - You can connect various loads to the four Pico outputs, such
as contactors, lamps or and motors. In the circuit diagram, the outputs
are activated via output relay coils Q1 to Q4 (or Q6) on the controllers
or S1 through S6 (or S8) on the expansion modules.
P buttons - The P buttons can be used to simulate four additional
inputs which are controlled directly by the four cursor buttons, rather
than via external contacts. The relay contacts of P buttons are
connected up in the circuit diagram.
Parameters - Parameters enable the user to set the behavior of a
function relay. Examples include switching times or counter setpoints.
They are set in the parameter display.
Power supply - Pico AC controllers are powered by 120 to 240V ac,
50/60 Hz. The terminals are labeled ‘L1’ and ‘L2’. Pico 1760-LxxBWB
controllers are powered by 24V dc. The terminals are labeled ‘+24V’
and ‘com’. 1760-LxxDWD controllers are powered by 12V dc. The
terminals are labeled ‘+12V’ and ‘com’.
Retention - The retentive data is kept even after the Pico power
supply is switched off. The following data is retentive:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Pico circuit diagram
Parameters, setpoint values
Text displays
System settings
Password entry
Actual values of marker relays, timing relays, counters
Glossary
3
Notes:
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Glossary
4
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
Index
Numerics
20 mA sensors 2-21
A
Actual values 4-19
Allen-Bradley
contacting for assistance Preface-3
support Preface-3
AND circuit 4-56
B
Basic circuit
Changeover circuit 4-57
Parallel connection 4-56
Permanent contact 4-55
Series connection 4-56
Break contact 4-4, 4-9
Button
ALT 3-7
OK 3-5
Buttons 1-6
OK 4-3
C
Cable lengths 2-16
Cable protection 2-11
Changeover circuit 4-57
Changing menu level 3-5
Changing to summer time 6-10
Changing to winter time 6-10
Circuit connection
Deleting 4-12
Inserting 3-7, 4-11
Circuit diagram
Checking 4-13
Circuit connection 4-6
Coil field 4-6
Contacts 4-6
Deleting 3-9
Fast entry 3-9
Grid lines 3-5, 4-6
Internal processing 8-1
Loading 5-3, 5-6
Overview 4-6
Storing 5-3, 5-6
Testing 3-8, 4-13
Wiring 4-10
Entry 3-7
Circuit diagram display 3-5, 4-6
Coil field 4-6
Coil function 4-15, 4-16, 4-17
Impulse relays 4-17
Latching relays 4-18
Overview 4-14
common techniques used in this manual
Preface-2
Comparing analog values 4-47
Connecting
20 mA sensors 2-21
Analog inputs 2-19
Contactors, relays 2-22
Light intensity sensors 2-20
Proximity switches 2-17, 2-18
Pushbuttons, switches 2-17, 2-18
Setpoint potentiometers 2-20
Temperature sensors 2-21
Connecting relay outputs 2-22
Connections
Deleting 4-11
Entry 4-10
Position in the circuit diagram 4-6
Contact 4-9
Cursor buttons 4-12
Entry 3-6
Inverting 3-7
Contact fields 4-6
contacting Allen-Bradley for assistance
Preface-3
Contactor 4-15, 4-16, 4-17
contactors (bulletin 100), surge
suppressors for 2-14
Contacts
Deleting 4-9
Entry 4-8
Modifying 4-8
Overview 4-4
Counter frequency 4-34
Counter relays 4-32
Parameters 4-35
Cursor display 1-12, 4-3
Cycle 8-1
D
Debounce
Activating 6-10
Delay times
for Pico AC 8-8
for Pico DC 8-7
Deleting retentive actual values 7-2
Deletion, retentive actual values 7-2
Determining counter frequency 4-34
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
2
Index
Determining the cycle time 8-3
Dimensions A-1
dimensions
1760-OW2 A-15
E
Entry
Contact 3-6
Error handling 10-1
Example programs 4-55
Examples
Impulse relay 7-6
S/R coil (break contact) 7-5
S/R function 7-7
Timing relay on-delayed 7-9
Timing relay, off-delayed 7-11
Timing relay, single-pulse 7-12
Expansion module inputs 9-1
Expansion module installation 2-3
Expansion module outputs 9-2
F
Flicker effect 7-4
Function relays
Counter relays 4-32
Example 4-21
Overview 4-19
Timing relays 4-26
Latching relays 4-18
LED 1-8
Light intensity sensors 2-20
Logic tables 4-55
M
Main menu
Selecting 1-7
Make contact 4-4, 4-9
manuals, related Preface-2
Marker relays 4-14, 8-2
Markers 4-14
Markers, retentive 7-4
Memory card
Deleting 5-4
Inserting 5-2
Menu structure 1-9
Message
PROG INVALID 5-4, 5-7, 10-2
Messages
System 10-1
Mode
Changing 3-8
motor starters (bulletin 509)
surge suppressors 2-14
motor starters (bulletin 709)
surge suppressors 2-14
N
I
Impulse 7-6
Impulse relays 4-17
Increasing the input current 2-16
Input contacts 4-8
Inserting
Circuit connection 3-7
installing your base unit
using mounting screws 2-5
Interface 5-1
Interference 2-16
Inverting 4-9
J
Jumps 4-53
L
Latching 4-15
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
NAND circuit 4-56
Negation 4-55
NOT circuit 4-55
O
Operating buttons 1-6
OR circuit 4-56
Output relays 4-8
Overview of Pico 1-2
P
P buttons 4-12
Activating and deactivating 6-11
Parameter display
Counter relays 4-35
Time switches 4-43
Timing relays 4-28
Parameters
Changing 6-7
Index
Changing the switching time 6-8
Display 6-7
Power flow display 4-25
Password
Activating 6-3
Changing 6-5
Deleting 6-5
Remove protection 6-5
Setting 6-2
Unlocking 6-4
Password incorrect or not known 6-5
P-Buttons 4-12
PC connection 5-5
PicoSoft software 5-5
Power failure 3-3
Power flow display 3-8, 4-12, 4-13,
4-25
Program examples 4-55
Protecting timer and counter settings
4-25
publications, related Preface-2
Purpose of this Manual Preface-1
R
3
S
Set 4-18
Setpoint potentiometers 2-20
Setpoints 4-19, 6-8
Setting the menu language 3-2
Startup behaviour 6-12
After deleting the circuit diagram 6-13
Default setting 6-12
During uploading and downloading to
card or PC 6-13
Possible faults 6-13
Setting 6-12
Status image 8-1
Suppressing contact bounce 8-7
surge suppressors
for contactor 2-14
for motor starters 2-14
for relays 2-14
recommended 2-14
using 2-12
System menu 1-11
Selecting 1-7
T
Reed relay contacts 2-16
related publications Preface-2
Relay coils
Deleting 4-9
Entering 3-7
Relay outputs 2-22
Relay types
Overview 4-5
Relays
Coil function 4-14
Entering 4-8
Modifying 4-8
relays
surge suppressors for 2-14
Reset 4-18
Restricting the inrush current 2-17
Retention
Setting 7-2
Retention requirements
Permitted markers and function relays
7-1
Retentive behaviour 7-3
Transfer of circuit diagrams 7-3
Retentive settings 7-1
RUN, Startup behaviour 3-3
RUN/STOP toggle 3-8
Temperature sensors 2-21
Text display 4-50
Time switches
Examples 4-44
Parameters 4-43
Timer and counter settings
protecting 4-25
Timing relays
Flashing 4-31
Off-delayed 4-30
On-delayed 4-29
Parameters 4-28
Retentive 7-8
Single pulse 4-31
Wiring 4-26
Torque 2-8
Transfer cable 5-6
Troubleshooting
contacting Allen-Bradley for assistance
Preface-3
procedures 10-1
Two-wire proximity switches 2-16
W
Wiring
Backwards 8-2
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
4
Index
Relays 4-15
Rules 4-15
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005
X
XOR circuit 4-57
Rockwell Automation
Support
Rockwell Automation provides technical information on the web to assist you
in using our products. At http://support.rockwellautomation.com, you can
find technical manuals, a knowledge base of FAQs, technical and application
notes, sample code and links to software service packs, and a MySupport
feature that you can customize to make the best use of these tools.
For an additional level of technical phone support for installation,
configuration and troubleshooting, we offer TechConnect Support programs.
For more information, contact your local distributor or Rockwell Automation
representative, or visit http://support.rockwellautomation.com.
Installation Assistance
If you experience a problem with a hardware module within the first 24
hours of installation, please review the information that's contained in this
manual. You can also contact a special Customer Support number for initial
help in getting your module up and running:
United States
1.440.646.3223
Monday – Friday, 8am – 5pm EST
Outside United
States
Please contact your local Rockwell Automation representative for any
technical support issues.
New Product Satisfaction Return
Rockwell tests all of our products to ensure that they are fully operational
when shipped from the manufacturing facility. However, if your product is
not functioning and needs to be returned:
Publication 1760-UM001D-EN-P - September 2005 2
Supersedes Publication 1760-UM001C-EN-P - April 2005
United States
Contact your distributor. You must provide a Customer Support case
number (see phone number above to obtain one) to your distributor in
order to complete the return process.
Outside United
States
Please contact your local Rockwell Automation representative for
return procedure.
PN 40072-084-01(4)
Copyright © 2005 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.