Reno County Extension Reno County Extension

Reno County Extension Reno County Extension
Reno County Extension
March 2015
K-State Research & Extension - Reno County 2 W 10th Ave South Hutchinson KS 67505
In This Issue:
Page 2-3 Poultry Owners Should be Vigilant in
Watching for Signs of Avian Influenza
Page 4 Plan the Garden to Preserve Food Later
Time to Test Pressure Gauges
All American Pressure Canner Gauge
National Nutrition Month®
Restaurant Inspection Scores—
There’s an App!
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
MEDICARE & What You Need to
Youth Lawn Mowing Clinic
Tractor Safety Training
Page 8
Internet Frustrations
Don’t Fall for E-Mail or Telephone
Page 9
From Ground Rules to Shared Expectations
Attracting Pollinators & Beneficial
Thursday, April 9
6:00pm pm – 8:00pm
Reno Co. Extension Office
2 W 10th, South Hutchinson Did you know that about one out of every three mouthfuls of food
we eat and of the beverages we drink is delivered to us by pollinators? Attracting pollinators
and beneficial insects allows us to keep out bad pests and get better produce from our garden.
Join us as Scott Vogt from Dyck Arboretum teaches us about pollinators and how to attract
them to our yards and gardens.
“K-State Research and Extension is an equal opportunity provider and employer”
“K-State Research and Extension is committed to making its services, activities and programs accessible to all participants. If you have special requirements due to a
physical, vision or hearing disability, or a dietary restriction please contact Jan Steen by phone at (620) 662-2371 or by email at [email protected]”
not an issue, Beyer said. This variant is
Poultry Owners Should be Vigilant in Watching for Signs of Avi- the H5N2 strain of avian influenza and
although it is harmful to birds, it has not
an Influenza
been associated with a threat to people
or the food supply. The commercial poulMANHATTAN, Kan. -- Poultry
try industry in the U.S. routinely screens
owners should be aware that
for all types of the avian flu in flocks and
there is currently an out
any positive flocks, even those with varibreak of the H5N2 highly
ants that are not harmful to birds or peopathogenic avian influ
ple, are not processed for food.
enza (HPAI) associ
ated with the migra
tory bird flyways in U.S. poultry industry routinely
the United States, monitors for diseases
said Kansas State “Since viruses continually change form to
University avoid an animal’s immune system, the
animal sci- U.S. poultry industry does not allow any
form of the virus to persist in commercial
entist Scott Beyer.
flocks unlike some other countries which
The first problems were observed with
allow the non-pathogenic viruses to persmall poultry flocks on the upper west
coast, which were soon followed by infec- sist in their flocks,” he said. “This reduces
tions on larger commercial poultry farms the risk of any virus from becoming more
pathogenic thus harming birds and peoon the southern west coast. Recently,
ple or affecting our food supply. “
infections have occurred in the central
Small poultry flocks, gamebirds enterprisflyway, a migratory route which encompasses three provinces in Canada and 14 es and commercial farms should be wary
of potential exposure. Because it is
U.S. states, including Minnesota, Missouri and Arkansas, where the disease
thought that the virus has originated from
migratory waterfowl as they move
has been confirmed in turkey flocks.
“Migratory fowl move north and south all through their flyway, keeping them away
from domestic poultry is most important.
over the earth through flyways as they
move from nesting and feeding grounds,” Many of these waterfowl likely visit local
ponds for rest and feeding.
said Beyer, who is a poultry specialist
“If you have poultry near these ponds,
with K-State Research and Extension.
“When they comingle in these areas, the you must eliminate all contact between
avian influenza virus can sometimes be
them and your birds,” Beyer said. “This is
shared between the birds, which then re- especially important if you have your own
turn to their respective flyways bringing
waterfowl which could infect your poultry
new variants of the virus which may have flock, but could also remain on the pond
originated from other continents. Altas other wild migratory birds stop by and
hough this particular variant of the avian then become infected by your birds.”
virus (H5N2) is more pathogenic than
When these migratory birds feed in crop
residues and farm ponds, they leave beAg Agent
the virus spreading to other species or
hind feathers and fecal matter that could
people. As is often the case, this virus
carry the virus. Keeping yourself and pets
has so far not been associated with actu- away from these areas is crucial to real disease symptoms in the migratory
duce the chance of carrying the virus into
fowl so they should be considered poten- your facilities, the K-State specialist said.
tial carriers of the virus that is pathogenic Do what you can to encourage these
to domesticated poultry.”
birds to move away from your facilities so
that you widen the clean zone around
The safety of poultry meat and eggs is
your farm as much as possible.
Gamebird operations with birds in netted flight
pens are more vulnerable because migratory
birds flying over pens could drop fecal matter
and feather dander directly into the pens. Efforts
to reduce anything that attracts feeding and
movement of these birds around pens should be
implemented. Nets should be repaired to prevent birds and animals from entering as much as
Starlings and sparrows should be considered
vectors as well, at least until proven otherwise,
Beyer said. With the spring season now here in
Kansas, these birds are looking for nesting and
feeding areas and may be persistent in trying to
enter your facilities. Nests should be removed as
they try to build them and you should work to
keep them from entering as much as possible.
Clean up all spilled feed indoors and out so they
are not attracted. Move or eliminate bird feeders
away from domestic poultry areas. Netting areas
where they like to nest will also discourage them.
If you have roosting pigeons and starlings in
your barns, these birds will always be potential
sources of all kinds of avian disease and they
should be eliminated from the facilities.
said. “A good way to clean up exposed items is
by using a cup of bleach in a gallon of water to
soak or rinse the items. Be sure to rinse off the
bleach after treating because it can be corrosive.”
Monitoring your birds for symptoms
Producers should be aware of bird illnesses and
die offs, Beyer added. The primary symptom of
avian influenza in birds is typical of most flu
symptoms, so look for respiratory distress like
coughing, ‘rattling’ (a raspy sound made when
they breathe), sneezing, swelling around the
eyes, and flicking of the head. Death may happen quickly, even before any signs of illness are
The Kansas Department of Agriculture is monitoring poultry flocks for the virus in Crawford and
Cherokee counties, which are closest to the
most recent known infection in Missouri, and on
March 12 established quarantine zones in those
If you have a flock with signs of this illness in
these areas, quarantine your poultry and contact
your local veterinarian and the KDA Division of
Animal Health at 785-564-6601.
Also, as part of the monitoring process, the KDA
is developing a map of the location of backyard
Wild birds are not the only threat
flocks in Crawford and Cherokee counties. Back“Rodents are also sources of diseases,” Beyer
yard flock owners are asked to self-report their
said. “They are nocturnal, so usually show up
flocks by contacting KDA at 785-564-6601. This
after dark to scavenge leftover feed and you may will assist with notification if further developnot even know they are there. You should conments occur in this disease outbreak.
trol rodent populations as much as possible us“Biosecurity is the best way to prevent your flock
ing rodenticides or with the help of an extermina- from contracting the infection,” Beyer said.
“Knowing how the disease spreads and using
Don’t leave feed accessible at night. Place all
good biosecurity will be the best line of defense.”
feed into rodent-proof containers or areas. Do
For more information on biosecurity procedures
not allow feeders to remain full of feed overnight. contact the local K-State Research and ExtenEither move the feeders out or feed only what
sion office and visit online resources on Kansas
the birds will consume before dark.
Avian Influenza issues for poultry at the Kansas
Beyer said that people, autos and farm impleDepartment of Agriculture and poultry flock
ments can carry the virus from one farm to anhealth at the USDA website.
other. At this time, it is a good management
practice to limit any contact with birds on other
“You should also be aware of any areas that you
are driving or walking through on the farm or
ranch where migratory birds have congregated
as mud and dirt can help move the virus,” he
Family & Consumer Science Agent
Plan the Garden to Preserve Food Later
Gardeners rejoice! Spring is on its way and now is
the time to plan what produce to plant. Besides
planning what to put in the ground, plan ahead
to preserve the bountiful harvest.
lid for reference only! The gauge helps the user
know when the canner is pressurized and when
the pressure has dropped to zero to remove the lid
The gauge should be within +/- 2 psi of what the
weighted gauge is set at when it jiggles. If the
Depending on ground space and weather, growing
gauge is more than +/- of what the weight is set at
a garden can yield fresh, nutritious produce to enjoy
when it jiggles, the dial gauge should be replaced.
throughout the year. Two resources can help with
your planning.
The first is K-State’s Vegetable Garden Planting
Guide. It gives vegetable yields per 100 feet of land,
planting guidance, and a planting calendar from
planting to harvest. For example, 100 feet of green
beans should yield 120 pounds of beans.
Yield can also be calculated per person. For green
beans, 15-16 feet of plantings per person.
National Nutrition Month®
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics designates
March as National Nutrition Month® to focus attention on informed food choices and sound eating and
physical activity habits.
The theme for 2015 is “Bite into a Healthy Lifestyle.”
The goal is to encourage consuming fewer calories,
getting daily exercise, maintain a healthy
weight, reduce chronic disease risks, and promote
overall health.
Based on what is planted, plans can be made to
preserve the produce. To can the green beans in
the above example, the 120 pounds of beans will
make about 60 quarts of canned beans. An approximate yield chart can be found in Table 2 of So Easy Learn more about this event and ideas to help promote a healthy lifestyle
to Preserve, 6th edition.
For more gardening information, see
Time to Test Pressure Gauges
To ensure safe food processing with a pressure
canner, dial gauge units must be tested yearly to
verify Presto Industries offers a testing unit that is
used by many Extension offices
to offer this service. The following brands of pressure canners can be tested with this device:
• Presto
• National
Magic Seal
Maid of Honor
Cook Rite
Do not test All American canner gauges with the
Presto tester!
All American Pressure Canner Gauge
The All American Pressure cooker/canner is a
weighted gauge canner. The dial gauge is on the
Restaurant Inspection Scores—There’s
an App!
Want to know how your favorite restaurant scored
on their food safety inspections? There’s an app for
that! Inspection data is public information, but it can
be difficult to find or understand.
HDScores (Health Department Inspection Scores)
is a free app available for iOS and Android systems.
The web app will be available soon.
HDScores currently collects data from health department inspections across North America and
United Kingdom. In the U.S., they have access to
1,732 health departments out of 2,550 total health
departments/agencies. This covers 77.62 percent of
the U.S. population. The entire state of Kansas is in
this database. The data is near real time and comes
from digital and paper reports. Once data is received, they can have it in this system within 24
hours. The goal is to make this a world wide system. Learn more at
Need to Know
Instructors: Kay Schlabach, 12 years’ experience SHICK (Senior Health Insurance Counselor)
Jennifer Schroeder, Reno County Extension Office, SHICK (Senior Health Insurance Counselor)
The Medicare class includes the following:
Do you need help filling out forms for Medicare or Social Security?
Do you need help paying for Medications?
If you have Medicare C and want to change….can you?
When do you get Medicare?
What is Medicare?
What is Medicaid?
If your under 65 years old, what help can you qualify for?
When can I retire and start my benefits?
What if I have employer group coverage, is Medicare the same as Affordable Health Care?
Does Medicare cover, glasses and dental?
Does Medicare A & B have prescription insurance?
Senior Health Insurance Counseling for Kansas (SHICK) is a free program offering Kansans an opportunity to talk with
trained, community volunteers and get answers to questions about Medicare and other insurance issues. SHICK provides you with many resources that will help you with your struggle through the Medicare maze.
When: Second Wednesday of every month beginning January 2015-December 2015 .
April 8th, May 13th, June 17th, July 8th, August 12th, September 9th, October 14th, November 11th and December 9th. (November 11th and December 9th we will be enrolling
people in drug plans).
Where: Hutchinson Public Library Basement Computer Lab
Time: 10:00 am to 11:00 am
For more information call the Reno County Extension Office (620) 662-2371.
Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service
K-State, County Extension Councils, Extension Districts, and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating.
All educational programs and materials available without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age or disability.
Youth Lawn Mowing Clinic
PURPOSE ~ To assist youth in earning summer income by mowing lawns.
Boys and girls age 10 and older.
K-State Research & Extension - Reno
6:00 TO 8:45pm
Reno Co. Extension Master Gardeners
Please register by April 10, 2015
Dillon Nature Center
Downtown Kiwanis Club
3002 E. 30th, Hutchinson
Free – Registration costs are being sponsored by the Downtown Kiwanis Club
Sponsored by:
(although there is no cost, registration by April 10 is required)
GRADUATION ~ Upon attendance of training sessions, each youth will receive a certificate plus
calling cards for use in reaching prospective customers.
K-State Research & Extension - Reno Co.
2 W. 10th, South Hutchinson, KS 67505
[email protected]
Reno County, K-State, County Extension Councils, Extension Districts, and U.S. Department of AgricultureCooperating. All educational programs and materials are available without discrimination on the basis of race,
color, religion, national origin, sex, age, or disability.
K-State Research and Extension is committed to making its services, activities and programs accessible to all participants. If you have special requirements due to a physical, vision or hearing disability,
or a dietary restriction please contact Pam Paulsen at 620-662-2371 or email [email protected]
Youth Lawn Mower Clinic
Registration Deadline: April 10, 2015
Return to:
K-State Research & Extension - Reno County
2 W. 10th Ave., South Hutchinson, KS 67505
Or Fax to: 620-662-0313
NAME ___________________________________________ GRADE _______ PHONE ___________________
ADDRESS ________________________________________________________________________________
zip code
PHONE # where parent/guardian can be reached during the Lawn Mower Clinic______________
For additional information about the course, contact the Reno County Extension Office, 620-662-2371
I hereby give my permission for the above named to take part in the Lawn Mower Clinic sponsored by
the Hutchinson Downtown Kiwanis Club and K-State Research & Extension - Reno County.
Tractor Safety Training
Reno County Extension Office
Saturday, April 18, 2015
8:00 am to 4:00 pm
Sponsored by:
It’s The Law
If you are 14 or 15 years or older, planning on doing farm work for
someone other than a parent or legal guardian, you must take a Tractor
Safety Course according to U.S. Department of Labor requirements.
14 - 15 years old (or 13, turning 14 this summer)
Social Security Number - Bring it with you to class!
$20.00 Registration Fee
Lunch will be provided
Registration due April 13
Register by submitting $20 fee with form below to: Reno County Extension
2 W. 10th Ave
So. Hutchinson KS 67505
Questions call Reno County Extension Office (620) 662-2371
*** Class textbook may be picked up at Extension Office upon payment
*** *** Students should be familiar with Chapter 1 before the class ***
*** Class space limited to the first 25 paid entries***
Phone_____________________________ Age ______________ Date of Birth __________________
Social Security #_________________________
Internet Frustrations
er it be thunder, rain, or snow, can cause loss
of signal or interference. Wait until the storm
has moved on to do any further diagnosis.
Turn off your modem and router (if you have a
router). Turn it on again after about 5
minutes. You will get a new connection to
your internet provider, which may be better
than the one you had before. Restart your
computer after your modem reconnects and
see if things are back to normal.
Visit a speed test site and record your download and upload speeds. Examples of such
sites are Speakeasy: http:// and
SpeedTest: Cox,
CenturyLink, and AT&T also have speed tests
you can run from their sites. Check with your
internet provider’s technical support to let
them know your current speeds and what
you’ve tried before calling. It may be an issue
beyond your control.
Have you ever tried to watch a video online, or
download a file, only to have it take much longer
than it normally should? This has happened to
me – a lot. There can be many causes, though in
my case it’s usually one or more of my kids
streaming a movie or downloading a new game.
I’ve been helping people work through online issues for several years and have some tips for anyone experiencing a “slow” connection:
• Make sure no one else in your house is
streaming videos or downloading files at the
same time you notice the slowness. If this is
a frequent problem, consider setting up a
schedule when others can use online services
without interfering with others. Some routers
and modems today have the ability to limit the
amount of bandwidth taken by a device on
your network. Give your son a little bit to
download his games, your daughter enough
to watch a show, and the rest for everyone
• While you’re looking at your modem or router, Don’t Fall for E-Mail or Telephone
is it wireless? Do you have a password set up Scams
to connect or is it unsecured access? If it’s
unsecured, it could be that a neighbor unwit- Email users have lost money to bogus offers that
tingly (or wittingly) has connected to your net- arrived as spam in their inbox. Con artists are
work and now is hogging the bandwidth. Hav- very cunning; they know how to make their claims
ing a secured connection prevents this.
seem legitimate. Some spam messages ask for
• Is your computer set up to download updates your business, others invite you to a website with
automatically? Maybe there are updates for
a detailed pitch.
Windows, Mac, Java, Adobe Flash, Steam
games, etc. in the background, making your
To help minimize your risk:
web browsing painfully slow. Check your update settings and chance how and when up- • Protect your personal information. Only prodates are downloaded, if desired.
vide your credit card or other personal infor• Are you using satellite, an antenna, or micromation when you're buying from a company
wave to connect to the internet? Weather can
you know and trust.
sometimes be a factor – heavy storms, wheth-
ticipants at the outset. This set of acceptable behaviors is commonly referred to as “ground
rules.” Typical ground rules include:
• No texting or emailing.
• Address comments to the group, not the facilitator
• Allow one person to speak at a time without
• Maintain confidentiality.
In the book, Reaching for Higher Ground in Conflict Resolution: Tools for Powerful Groups and
Communities,the authors Dukes, Piscolilsh and
Stephens describe a slightly different approach
that begins with a “covenant” of shared expectations. This covenant helps a group aim for higher
ground, beyond the typical limited and prohibitive
ground rules. These shared expectations should
provide transparency on acceptable behaviors
and attitudes during the session. Appropriate
agreements should make participants feel safe in
sharing and expressing their views. Some statements might include:
• Discuss un-discussable issues.
• Focus on interests, not positions.
• Explain the reasoning and intent behind your
statements, questions, and actions.
• Balance advocacy with inquiry.
• Jointly design next steps and ways to test disagreements.
• Keep the discussion focused.
• Make decisions by consensus.
Although prohibitive behavioral expectations may
be included in shared expectations, higher
From Ground Rules to Shared Expecta- ground expectations go beyond behaviors. They
are principled, value-based and creative; they intions
volve dialogue in the true sense of “sharing
Facilitators can encourage groups to move beyond identifying bad
meaning” and they are concerned with the combehaviors and toward positive outcomes.
mon good.
Know who you're dealing with. Don't do business with any company that won't provide its
name, street address, and telephone number.
• Never give confidential information to an unknown person over the phone, no matter what
they seem to know about you. Even if the call
seems legitimate, tell the caller that you will
call them back via a telephone number that
you can verify independently, such as a number listed in a telephone directory.
• Take your time. Resist any urge to "act now"
despite the offer and the terms. Once you turn
over your money, you may never get it back.
• Read the small print. Get all promises in writing and review them carefully before you
make a payment or sign a contract.
• Never send money for a "free" gift. Disregard
any offer that asks you to pay a fee for a gift
or prize. Free means free.
Some common scams to watch out for include:
Work-at-Home offers, foreign lotteries, weight
loss claims, cure-all products, investment
schemes, debt relief, and offering to share money
if you help the sender move the money to your
bank account (often called “Nigerian 419” scams.
More info on this type of scam can be found here
– address is case-sensitive:
Source: Adapted from University of Rochester
Security Tip of the Week archive
Too many meetings fail to be productive and motivating. Even well-planned meetings with clear
agendas, objectives and outcomes can deteriorate if certain participants dominate the discussion, focus on past grievances or fail to stay on
Next time you are charged with facilitating a
meeting, challenge groups to think beyond what
they don’t want to what they do want. Have an
open, participatory discussion to generate and
come to consensus about shared expectations.
Display this list of working agreements or shared
expectations during the session for all to see, to
Effective meeting facilitators, then, help a group
remind the group of their covenant. Taking the
to agree to a set of acceptable behaviors, prior to
time to agree on these shared objectives is time
getting down to business. In so doing, the facilitawell-spent.
tor can shift ownership of the process to the par- Source: Bethany Prykucki, Michigan State University Extension
Reno County Extension
March 2015, Issue 3
Cooperave Extension Service
K-State Research and Extension
K-State Research and Extension
Reno County Extension Office
Pamela Paulsen
[email protected]
2 West 10th Avenue
South Hutchinson KS 67505-1331
County Extension Agent - Horticulture
Phone: 620-662-2371
Darren Busick
[email protected]
County Extension Agent - Agriculture
[email protected]
Jennifer Schroeder
County Extension Agent - Family & Consumer Sciences
Joan Krumme
Fax: 620-662-0313
[email protected]
County Extension Agent - 4-H
Kansas State University Agricultural
Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension
K-State, County Extension Councils, Extension
Districts, and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating.
All educational programs and materials
available without discrimination on the basis of race,
color, religion, national origin, sex, age or disability.
Jan Steen
[email protected]
County Extension Agent - Technology & Community Development
County Extension Director
South Hutchinson, KS 67505-1331
2 West 10th Ave.
Reno County
Permit 11
Hutchinson, KS 67501
U.S. Postage PAID
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