Aprilaire 1720 Specifications

Light Commercial Humidity
Control
How Big is Light Commercial?
• In 2004: An estimated 1,915,000 Constant
Volume RTU’s under 25 tons were sold!
• 2003 Commercial Building Energy
Consumption Survey list 4.9 million
commercial buildings in the U.S.
How many buildings does this
mean to me?
Buildings by Floorspace
Over 500,000
200,001 to 500,000
100,001 to 200,000
50,001 to 100,000
25,001 to 50,00
10,001 to 25,000
5,001 to 10,000
1,001 to 5,000
0
250
500
750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250 2,500 2,750
Thousand Buildings
What types of applications made
up this total?
Office
Mercantile
Service
Warehouse and Storage
Education
Religious Worship
Food Service
Public Assembly
Food Sales
Vacant
Lodging
Health Care
Other
Public Order and Safety
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
Thousand Buildings
700
800
900
Opportunities
• LC humidity control has been estimated at
over $23,000,000 and is a growing market.
• Humidification
– The LC humidification market is estimated at
11,300 units or around $13,500,000 and
growing every year!
• Dehumidification
– The LC dehumidification market is over
$10,000,000 and growing every year!
Humidity Control
• In many applications, desired humidity is
expressed in a range. Total humidity
control is the key.
• It is critical to keep the relative humidity
above a certain point while not exceeding
a maximum relative humidity level.
The Need
•
•
•
Higher outdoor air requirements in ASHRAE 62-2 have increased
the amount of ventilation air, making the need for humidity control
more critical than ever
When working with or storing wood products, the humidity levels
must be kept in the correct range, otherwise excess moisture will
cause wood to swell and expand in width and thickness and low
moisture will cause shrinkage.
– Cabinet and door manufacturers must maintain between 40%50% RH.
– Musical instrument stores need to maintain 50% RH, excess
moisture can cause swelling and popping
High and low humidity can deteriorate paper products.
– Libraries and archival collections must maintain between 30% 50% RH
The Need
• Condensation will occur if the surface temperature is at
or lower than the dew-point. It can also occur if the RH%
is above 50%. This condensation can lead to the
corrosion of steel and iron components in the building
and cause electrical systems to short circuit.
• Microbiological growth can occur when space humidity
levels exceed 60% RH.
• ASHRAE and the EPA recommend 30%-60%
for comfort in occupied spaces
Application Examples
•
•
•
•
•
Dry Cleaners
Tanning Salons
Print Shops
Restaurants
Musical Instrument
Stores
• Furniture Stores
• Medical Clinics
• Assisted Living Facilities
• Churches
• Schools
• Offices with Extensive
Computers
• Museums
• Libraries
• Paper/Record Storage
• Film and Photographic
Items
Humidification
• In order to keep the space comfortable
and the proper amount of moisture in the
air, humidity must be introduced.
• Using dedicated humidifiers is the most
efficient way to maintain relative humidity
above the minimum level.
Why Add Humidity
Commercially?
1. Humidification protects materials and inventory
-Essential for moisture-retaining materials such as
wood, paper, fabrics, plastic, and chemicals
-Condition of these materials influences their weight,
dimensions, and workability
-Material dehydration can lead to product deterioration
-Loss of moisture can cause wood and plastics to bend,
crack, and warp
Why Add Humidity
Commercially?
2. Humidification eliminates static electricity
-Disrupts efficiency of high speed production processes
and operations
-Can cause paper jams in printing industry
-Results in improper weaving patterns in textile industry
-Damages sensitive components of electrical equipment
such as computers, etc
Why Add Humidity
Commercially?
3.
Maintains workplace comfort
-Low humidity causes dry skin and itching.
-Dry nose and throat can increase susceptibility to
colds and respiratory illness.
4. Protects profits
-Reduces machinery downtime and maintenance costs
-Enhances both employee and equipment productivity
Aprilaire Steam Humidifiers
Models 1150, 1160, and 1180
Aprilaire Steam Humidifiers
• Model 1150
– Steam output capacity of 12 lbs/hr
• Model 1160
– Steam output capacity of 24 lbs/hr
• Model 1180
– Steam output capacity of 48 lbs/hr
Steam Humidifier Specifications
Technical Specifications
Model 1150
Model 1160
Model 1180
12 lb/hr
24 lb/hr
48 lb/hr
304 Stainless Steel
304 Stainless Steel
304 Stainless Steel
24.06” W x 18.93” H x 9.99” D
24.06” W x 18.93” H x 9.99” D
24.06” W x 18.93” H x 15.61” D
Steam Distribution Tube
1-1/2" DIA x 16" L
1-1/2" DIA x 20” L
2” DIA x 24” L
Steam Hose
1-1/2" DIA x 10’ L
1-1/2" DIA x 10’ L
2” DIA x 10’ L
Operating Weight
70 lb
80 lb
120 lb
Maximum Ambient Operating Temperature
80°F
80°F
80°F
<60 dB
65 dB
65 dB
Standard Tap or Softened
Standard Tap or Softened
Standard Tap or Softened
Water Usage at Maximum Capacity
1.4 gal/hr
2.9 gal/hr
5.8 gal/hr
Electrical Supply Voltage
240/1/60
240/1/60
240/3/60
16.7
33.3
38.5
24 VDC
24 VDC
24 VDC
On/Off, 10 VDC
Modulating, 0-10 VDC
Modulating
Humidistat Dimensions
5.95"W x 4.13"H x 1.85"D
5.95"W x 4.13"H x 1.85"D
5.95"W x 4.13"H x 1.85"D
Air Flow Switch Dimensions
3.88"W x 5.81"H x 3.19"D
3.88"W x 5.81"H x 3.19"D
3.88"W x 5.81"H x 3.19"D
Capacity
Construction
Unit Dimensions
Operating Sound Level
Supply Water Type
Current (AMP Draw)
Control Power Voltage (From Humidifier)
Control Signal
Internal Components
Water Level Control
Probe
304 Stainless Steel
Construction
Wall Mounting Keyholes
Located on 16-inch Centers
Internal Control Board
Display
Panel
Built-in P Trap
Immersion
Heaters
Removable Steam
Chamber
Component Descriptions
• Water Level Control Probe
– Maintains the proper amount of water in the steam chamber.
• 304 Stainless Steel Construction
– Ensures housing and other components exposed to water
provide years of service.
• Built-in P Trap
– Prevents drain water from backing up into the unit while saving
time and money on every installation.
• Removable Steam Chamber
– Quick release retention method enables easy chamber removal
and cleaning from the bottom of the unit.
Component Descriptions
• Immersion Heaters
– Designed for long life and capable of shedding mineral build-up,
minimizing service calls.
• Display Panel
– LED’s illuminate to show system status and diagnostics for
troubleshooting.
• Internal Control Board
– Controls all functions of the humidifier including: receiving and
responding to control signals from the automatic controller, fill
valve operation, steam chamber water level, heater operation,
drain operation, and providing diagnostics.
• Wall Mounting Keyholes
– Save time and permit installation on any type of wall.
Aprilaire Steam Humidifier
Operation
• Operation Process
-After initial startup, fill valve will open and steam
chamber will fill to proper level
-Heating elements are energized once steam chambers
is full and a call for humidity is received from the steam
humidifier controller
-Water is heated and boils to produce steam
-Steam is delivered into the duct system through the
vapor hose and the steam dispersion tube
Aprilaire Steam Humidifier
Operation
• Build-up Removal
-Boiling water in steam chamber causes minerals and
impurities in the water to “drop out” which can result in a
considerable amount of buildup in the steam chamber
-Periodic “drain and flush” cycle is created when the
steam chamber is drained while the fill valve is opened
-”Drain and flush” cycle cleans steam chamber and
reduces future maintenance time
-Annual maintenance required with the use of standard
tap water
Model 1150 Control
• On-Off Control
-Simplest control option, unit turns completely on and off
-A differential is set between on and off switch points in order to
prevent output short cycling
-Humidity level must fall below set point before the humidistat closes
and energizes
-Humidifier remains closed until humidity rises above set point
-Unit is prevented from running over very short periods of time
-Humidity level is controlled within 5% of set point
Model 1160 and 1180 Control
• Modulating Control
-Demand signal is sent from a modulating humidistat to the
humidifier, which then produces a proportional output
~if no signal is sent (0 VDC), no output is produced
~if a 5 VDC signal is sent, humidifier operates at 50% of capacity
~if a 10 VDC signal is sent, humidifier will run at 100% capacity
-Humidifier’s electric heaters respond to the demand by cycling on
and off at a corresponding rate to the demand signal
-Humidity level is controlled within 3% of set points
Key Aprilaire Unit Features
• Relative Humidity (RH) Control
~Model 1150 controller maintains RH within 5% to 7% of set point
~Model 1160 and 1180 controller maintains RH within 2% to 4%
of set point
•
Controller and Display Panel
~Humidifier controller, located behind removable shroud,
manages all functions of the unit
~Adjustments can be made to water-type based operating
parameters by changing a slide switch on the control board
Display Panel
on/off switch
Steam
Fill
Drain
On/Off
indicator light
The steam humidifier display panel shows operating status and
troubleshooting information through the use of blinking indicator lights
Key Aprilaire Unit Features
•
Indicator Lights, Status, and Description
(Sample diagnostics; for all diagnostics, see I.O. & M. Manuals)
~All indicator lights blinking sequentially from right to left signals
that humidifier is in a forced cool-down period prior to the start
of a required automatic drain sequence
~On/Off switch is on signals that power is on; unit is functioning
properly
~Slowly blinking On/Off switch signals that the electronic water
level probe must be cleaned
~Fast blinking On/Off switch indicates if a probe logic fault has
occurred
Key Aprilaire Unit Features
• Automatic Water Level Control and Safety Shut-Down
~an electronic water level probe sends a signal to the controller to either
add water or turn off the heaters if insufficient or too much water exists
•
Three Level Water Control Probe
~allows the humidifier to electronically monitor and control the level of
water in the steam chamber
~control probe has three different responses that are activated once the
water level reaches an individual probe
Three Level Water Control Probe
Fill valve closes
Fill valve opens
Low-water cutoff
¼ Actions performed by humidifier
when water level in steam chamber
reaches each separate probe rod
Key Aprilaire Unit Features
• What is really in a complete kit?
-Unit
-Steam dispersion tube
-10’ (3m) length hose
-AA Steam Humidifier Controller
-Air-flow detection device
-Installation instructions and operation manual
“Complete Kit”
Aprilaire Steam
Humidifier Controller
Unit
Steam dispersion tube
Airflow detection
device
10’ (3m) hose
Aprilaire Included Controls
• Steam Humidifier Controller (SHC)
-Return duct mounted
-Can be set in either the manual mode for specific RH
set point control or in the automatic mode to allow for
outdoor temperature compensations
• Air Flow Proving Switch
-Supply duct mounted
-Uses the pressure differential to ensure blower
operation
Aprilaire Optional Controls
• High Limit Switch
-Highly recommended optional device
-Supply duct mounted
-Mounted at a minimum of 3’ (1m) downstream of the
steam distribution tube
-Ensures that high humidity levels do not exist in the
supply duct of the HVAC system
-Shuts down the humidifier in the event of out of range
conditions (Typically 80-90%)
Sizing Humidification
TOOLS TO DO THE JOB
Humidification Calculation Work Sheet
Humidification Calculation Software
Calculation Work Sheet
Humidification Calc Software
Download it free!
Benefits for the Contractor
• Aprilaire enables you to provide your customers
with the BEST in humidification technology for
light commercial projects!
-Cleanable steam chamber eliminates need for costly
replacement parts
-Stainless steel construction is durable and reliable
-Compatible with both standard and softened water
-Use of softened water will allow the unit to operate for
three years without requiring any service, guaranteed
Benefits for the Contractor
• Flexibility and ease of both installation and
maintenance save you time and money!
-Built in “P” Trap reduces required piping and labor on
the job
-Integral wall mounting system eliminates need for
additional hanging material or brackets
-Easy to remove and clean steam chamber provide for
quick and easy servicing
-Steam chamber rotation makes job site change fast and
clean
Benefits for the Contractor
• Aprilaire is your best choice for all of your
humidification needs
-New opportunity to quote these units directly, for all LC
applications
-Over 50 years of expert experience
-The same product quality and reliability you have come
to expect
-Sales and technical training to help you grow your
business
Benefits for the Contractor
Features
Feature Description
Benefit to Contractor
Stainless Steel Construction
Durable, reliable long lasting
Solid construction, will not have
construction failure
Steam chamber
Cleanable steam chamber
Easily to remove for clean and
quick job site steam chamber
rotation
Water Source
Ability to operate on standard or
soft water
Suitable for all LC applications.
Use of softened water extends
service life of unit up to three
years
Benefits for the Building Owner
• Steam humidifiers save you money by
protecting equipment, processes, and inventory
-Reduces or eliminates maintenance and replacement
costs
• Improve productivity and reduce absenteeism
-Proper humidity levels can prevent illness and maintain
employee comfort
Why Aprilaire Steam Humidifiers?
• Aprilaire stands out amongst the competition!!
-Complete humidification system in one box
-Easily removable and cleanable steam chamber
-Ability to “call” the blower
-Ability to operate on all water types
We’ve talked about keeping
humidity above a minimum level,
but what about making sure the
humidity doesn’t get too high!
Maximum Humidity Levels
• Remember…
– Humidity above 50% can cause condensation on and
damage metal products.
– Humidity above 50% can cause swelling and popping
in wood.
– Microbiological growth can occur when space
humidity levels exceed 60% relative humidity.
– ASHRAE and the EPA recommend that the humidity
level stay in the 30%-60% range for occupied
spaces.
Dangers of High Indoor Humidity
• Mold
– Can cause sinus infections, headaches, eye
and throat irritations, fatigue, loss of memory.
Children are especially susceptible to moldrelated illness.
– According to the EPA, dehumidifying is
critical in preventing mold in buildings.
• Asthma and allergy triggers
– Dust mites
– Cockroaches
The Science Behind the Product
• Before we can talk about the solution, we
need to understand the science!
– The Refrigeration Process
• Determines how the unit operates
– Psychrometrics
• Determines why the unit works
The Refrigeration Process
What Happens in the Dehumidifier?
95°F DB
68°F WB
75°F DB
53°F DP
68°F WB
25%Rh
65°F DP
70%Rh
Basics of Psychrometrics
• What are Psychrometrics?
– “Psychrometrics deals with thermodynamic
properties of moist air and uses these
properties to analyze conditions and
processes involving moist air.”
– In its most basic terms: the relationship
between moisture and temperature
• 1997 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals,
Chapter 6.
The Psych Chart
• The psychrometric chart is used to
graphically show what is going on in the
air as it relates to temperature and
moisture.
• Why we use: Shows us that if we have too
much moisture how much to remove, if not
enough moisture, how much to add.
Key Elements of Psychrometrics
•
•
•
•
•
Dry bulb temperature - The temperature of the air as
measured by an ordinary thermometer.
Wet bulb temperature – Evaporative cooling effect in
the air. Temperature is measured when a wet wick is
placed over the temperature measuring device.
Dew point temperature - Temperature at which
moisture condenses.
Relative humidity - The amount of moisture present in
the air, in relation to the amount of moisture the air is
capable of holding (%).
Absolute humidity (humidity ratio) – True measure of
the amount of moisture in the air. Measured in grains.
(7000 grains = 1 lb)
intersection of two known air properties…
Determ ines The Rem aining Three
220
200
Grains Of Moisture Per Pound Of Dry Air
180
160
140
120
100
Dew Point
80
Hum idity Ratio
60
W et Bulb
40
Dry Bulb
20
0
25
Relative Hum idity
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
Dry-Bulb Tem perature (°F)
© Am e rican Sta ndard Inc. 1 999
Fig. 3
A ir C onditioning C linic TR G-TRC 001-EN
75°F
Dry Bulb
67°F
Wet Bulb
70%
Relative Humidity
64°F
Dew Point
200
85
180
160
80
93 grains Absolute Humidity
140
75
90%
120
70
80%
70%
100
65
60%
60
80
50%
55
40%
60
50
45
30%
40
40
35(F)
20%
20
10%
35(F)
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
75°F
Dry Bulb
67°F
Wet Bulb
70%
Relative Humidity
64°F
Dew Point
200
85
180
160
80
93 grains Absolute Humidity
140
75
90%
120
70
80%
70%
100
65
60%
60
80
50%
55
40%
60
50
45
30%
40
40
35(F)
20%
20
10%
35(F)
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
What Happens to the Air When
Cooled?
Return
• Dry Bulb
75°F
• Dew Point 64°F
• RH
70%
• Wet Bulb
67°F
• Absolute
93Grns
At Coil
55°F
55°F
100%
55°F
65Grns
Supply
72°F
55°F
58%
62°F
65Grns
Psychrometrics Summary
• As the temperature in a space increases, the air can
hold more moisture, so as the absolute humidity in the
space remains constant, the RH% will drop.
• As the temperature in a space decreases, the air can
hold less moisture, so as the absolute humidity in the
space remains constant, the RH% will increase.
• Example: 67°F/90% RH, 75°F/70% RH, 90°F/43% RH all
have the same absolute humidity, 90 grains or 64°F dew
point.
• The absolute humidity cannot change until the
temperature drops below the dew point and moisture
begins to condense out of the air.
Key Industry Terms
• Key Industry Terms
– Sensible Heat/Energy – Heat energy that causes a rise or
fall in the temperature. (Thermostat)
– Latent Heat/Energy – Hidden heat, changing a solid to a
liquid or a liquid to a gas.
– SEER – Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, a rating that
measures the cooling efficiency of a heat pump or air
conditioner. The higher the number, the more efficient the
unit.
– SHR – Sensible Heat Ratio, manufacturers use this to rate
the coil on its ability to remove sensible heat. Example: A
coil rated at .75 means that 75% of the coil’s capacity is
designed to remove sensible heat, leaving 25% of the
capacity to remove latent heat.
What does this mean to you?
•
•
•
A building’s cooling load is affected by several factors
– Solar gain
– Infiltration
– Internal loads
– Occupancy
– Ventilation
Better building practices lower the SHR of the building
– Better windows
– Increased insulation
– Better roofing materials
– Ducts in conditioned space/sealed ducts
Lower building SHR combined with higher equipment SHR = Less
equipment run time = Less latent heat/energy removed by the
equipment =
NEED for supplemental dehumidification!
Aprilaire Dehumidifiers
Model 1700
Model 1720
-Coming Soon-
Dehumidifier Product Specifications
Specifications
Aprilaire Model 1700
Aprilaire Model 1720
Capacity
3.91 lbs/hr (90 pints/day) @ 80°F & 60% RH
6.51 lbs/hr (150pints/day) @ 80°F & 60% RH
Voltage
120/1/60
120/1/60
8 amps
16 amps
Air Flow
275 cfm @ .6" E.S.P
475 cfm @ .8" E.S.P (EST)
Filter
1" Washable, Merv 8
1" Washable, Merv 8
Built-In Automatic Control or Space Control
Built-In Automatic Control or Space Control
1" Foil Paced Expanded Polystyrene
1" Foil Paced Expanded Polystyrene
40°F - 105°F
40°F - 105°F
30% RH - 100% RH
30% RH - 100% RH
40°F - 150°F
40°F - 150°F
Ambient Operating Humidity
Range
0% RH - 100% RH
0% RH - 100% RH
Discharge Air Temperature
95°F - 100°F
95°F - 100°F
25% RH
25% RH
R-22
R-22
48 dBA Ducted; 54 dBA Non-Ducted
Similar to 1700
92 lbs.
100 lbs
Amp Draw
Controls
Cabinet Insulation
Inlet Temperature Range
Inlet Humidity Range
Ambient Operating
Temperature Range
Discharge Air Relative Humidity
Refrigerant Type
Sound Level
Weight
Internal Components
Component Descriptions
• Outlet/Inlet
– Designed for 8” insulated, flexible duct or can be
ducted with standard 8” round or spiral duct.
• Blower Assembly
– Direct drive forward curved blower designed to deliver
the air flow required for air “sampling” and distribution.
The unit is designed to deliver the proper amount of
air quietly and efficiently.
• Evaporator/Condenser Coil
– Features a unique lanced fin and double row tube
design, giving it better surface contact with the
moisture-laden air. In our application the coils are
packaged, allowing the air to be cooled and reheated
to provide the space with dry air.
Component Descriptions
• Filter
– 1 “ Washable, MERV 8 rating filter.
• Filter Access Door/Dual Service Access
- Allows the filter to removed or the unit to be serviced
from either side making the installation more flexible.
• TXV
– Thermostatic Expansion Valve is used to modulate
the flow of refrigerant entering the evaporator coil at
the same rate as the refrigerant being boiled off in the
evaporator coil.
• Drain
– PVC drain pan, includes a ¾” trap for field installation.
Dehumidifier Control Terminology
• Sampling: Dehumidifier blower energizes its
internal blower to measure incoming air
dewpoint to determine if it is above the setpoint.
• Cycle Period: Frequency of Air Sampling (How
often the unit will sample: 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, 3
hr)
• Cycle Time: Duration of HVAC Blower run time
during fan cycling or outside air ventilation. (0-60
minutes)
Sequence of Operations – Basic
Install
1. Unit samples for 2 minutes at the end of the
cycle period using it’s internal blower.
2. If measured dewpoint is above the dewpoint
setpoint, the unit will energize the compressor
and blower will continue to run.
3. Dehumidifier will continue to operate until
dewpoint setpoint is reached, at which point
the unit will shut-off.
4. Unit will then sample at the end of the next
cycle period and will run if necessary.
Sequence of Operations – Basic
Install with HVAC Blower Control
1. Sequence of Operation of the
dehumidifier is the same as the basic.
2. With Blower control, the dehumidifer
will energize the HVAC blower
whenever, the dehumidifiers internal
blower is activated.
Sequence of Operations – Basic
Install with HVAC Fan Cycling
1. Sequence of Operation of the
dehumidifier is the same as the
basic+Blower Control.
2. With Fan Cycling, the dehumidifer will
energize the HVAC blower according
to a set schedule. (Cycle time & period
settings)
Sequence of Operations – Basic
Install with Outside Air Ventilation
1. Sequence of Operation of the dehumidifier
is the same as the basic+Fan Cycling.
2. With Outside Air Ventilation, the
dehumidifer will open an outside air intake
damper whenever the HVAC blower is
energized. (Cycle time & period settings)
The Controls
• Equipment Connection
Terminals
• Float Switch Terminals
• ODT Sensor Terminals
• Vent/DEH Damper
Terminals
• Model 70 Control
Terminals
• System Set-up Dip
Switches
Cycle Period
• Sample period for
the dehumidifier
• If cycling is
enabled, sets the
interval for fan
cycling and/or
ventilation
Cycle Time
• If set to off, no fan
cycling or
ventilation will
occur
• Sets the cycle
and/or ventilation
time per cycling
period
System Set Up
• Local or remote
control
• Active or passive
HVAC blower
• Building or
localized control
• Automatic or timed
ventilation
Typical LC Set-Up
• System Set-up =
– Model 70, can be either
– HVAC blower in the “OFF” position
– Set in “whole house” mode
– Set ventilation in the “auto mode”
• Cycle Period =
– “1Hour,” building use will drive setting
• Cycle Time =
– “OFF”
Unit Wiring-Basic Install
• No wiring required!
• Plug in and set board configuration.
Unit Wiring with HVAC Blower
Control
Unit Control
• On-Board Control
– Unit comes complete with fully adjustable on-board controls.
– Inlet sensor monitors and measures temperature and RH to
calculate a dew point. Then, based on the desired setting, turns
the unit on or not.
– Best suited for whole-building control applications.
• Optional Space Control
– Replaces the on-board controller with a space mounted control.
– Functions in the same manner as the on-board control, but puts
the control point in a specific room or area.
– Best suited for applications in which the control in a particular
location is more critical than the whole building.
Automatic Control
• Automatically turns on dehumidifier fan in a preset
timeframe to sample temperature and dew point
• Energizes compressor if room RH is above set-point
• Control is built into dehumidifier; requires no wires to
occupied space
Setting Automatic Control
– What RH in occupied space will be at a given knob setting
(% RH based on control knob setting and indoor
temperature)
Control Knob Setting
Dewpoint Setpoint
55
1 - "LESS DRY"
2
3 - "NORMAL"
4
5
6
7 - "MORE DRY"
91%
78%
67%
57%
* Indoor Temperature (°F)
60
65
89%
76%
65%
56%
47%
86%
74%
64%
55%
47%
40%
70
84%
73%
63%
54%
46%
39%
34%
75
71%
61%
53%
45%
39%
33%
28%
* Indoor Temperature is what would be measured at the inlet to the unit.
80
60%
52%
45%
39%
33%
28%
24%
Local Control
• Has its own dewpoint sensor that will override the main
control board sensor when the occupied space control is
connected
• Can control set points of the dehumidifier, turn it on and
off and display the current status
• In many light commercial applications, they need to
control the space within a range
Installation
• Service Flexibility
• Unit can be installed in a variety of
applications
Unit Service Access
Filter Access Doors
Installation Flexibility
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RTU with Supply and Return Plenums
RTU with Wild Return and Ducted Supply
Re-circulating Mode Above the Ceiling
Re-circulating Mode Through the Wall
RTU with Supply and Return Plenums
RTU with Wild Return and Ducted
Supply
Re-circulating Mode Above the
Ceiling
Re-circulating Mode Through the
Wall
Why Aprilaire Dehumidifiers?
• Aprilaire dehumidifiers offer you the most
intelligent control available
• Standard on-board controls and optional space
control make suitable for every job
• Aprilaire units feature a flexible design
• Aprilaire provides the sizing assistance you
need to properly solve your customer’s problem
• Sized for light commercial jobs
Coming Soon
Aprilaire Dehumidification Software!
What it Looks Like
APRILAIRE DEHUMIDIFICATION REPORT
Indoor Conditions at Max Latent Load
Dry Bulb Temperature
Relative humidity
Desired Conditions at Max Latent Load
Dry Bulb Temperature
Relative Humidity
Building Design Data
Floor Area
Ceiling Height
Air Changes/Hour
CAPACITY REQUIRED
Volume of Space
Volume of air needed to treat
Beginning Humidity Ratio
Beginning Dry Bulb Temperature
Beginning Enthalpy
Desired Dry Bulb Temperature
Lvg Evap Dew Point Temperature
Lvg Evap DB/WB Temperature
Lvg Evap Enthalpy
Total Capacity
Sensible Capacity
Latent Capacity
Water Removal
72 °F
75 % RH
76 °F
55 % RH
8000 FT2
10
FT2
5
ACH
6.41 lb/hr (147.6 ppd)
80000 cu ft
667 cfm
.0126 lbw/lba
72 °F
31.03 btu/lba
76 °F
58.7
58.7
25.52 btu/lba
16530 btu/hr
9804 btu/hr
6726 btu/hr
6.41 lb/hr (147.6 ppd)
Why Aprilaire Dehumidifiers?
• Dedicated dehumidifiers offer an excellent
solution for retro-fit applications
• Add-on units offer flexibility:
– Installation: Bypass or re-circulating
– Economical when compared to roof-top
alternatives
– Specifically designed to fix the issue
Why not let the A/C take care of
Humidity Control?
• RH factors are over-ridden by temperature
– Doesn’t operate during shoulder periods
– Will stop removing moisture when temp set
points are reached
• Adds humidity at the end of the cycle from
the re-evaporation off of the cooling coil
• Remember the SHR & SEER Changes!
Why Supplemental Dehumidifiers?
Why Not Hot Gas Re-heat RTU’s?
• Roof-top units that feature re-heat or
dehumidification often cannot effectively cool
and dehumidify simultaneously
• Often they “cycle” between A/C and
dehumidifying attempting to do both, but often
failing to satisfy either.
• This is especially true in hot and humid
environments such as the southern U.S.
Benefits to the Contractor
•
Aprilaire Dehumidifiers are The Best
Solution to meet your customers humidity
control needs
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All buildings need to ventilate using outdoor air,
bringing in outdoor air increases the need for
humidity control.
Condensation will occur if the surface temperature
is at or below the dew-point. It can also occur if the
RH% is above 50%. This condensation can lead to
the corrosion of steel and iron
Humidity levels above 70% can lead to the
formation of Molds and Fungi.
Benefits to the Contractor
•
Aprilaire Dehumidifiers are designed with the
flexibility to meet all of your applications
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By being a “stand-alone” or “add-on” unit, they can be installed
into both service/retrofit or new construction applications in a
variety of ways. Units are designed to allow for spot control or
building control.
If the job is a retrofit applications and the HVAC equipment is
functioning properly, why replace it? Solve the problem with
an “add-on” or “stand-alone” unit.
In a new construction application where the customer has a
key room or area they need to control, the unit can be installed
in a “spot” method, allowing you to control the key area without
having to install an oversized, expensive system.
Benefits to the Contractor
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Aprilaire Dehumidifiers provide humidity
control, leaving the Air Conditioning to do
the cooling
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Air conditioning can provide some dehumidification,
but as equipment becomes more and more efficient
at sensible cooling, it removes less moisture,
limiting its dehumidification or latent capacity.
Stop lowering the cooling set point in an attempt to
lower the humidity levels, which only results in
overcooling without adequate moisture removal,
creating a cold, clammy space.
Benefits for the Building Owner
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Aprilaire Dehumidifiers Save Money by
protecting critical processes, equipment, raw
materials, & inventory and increasing
productivity.
Aprilaire Dehumidifiers make customers more
comfortable and employees more productive.
Aprilaire Dehumidifiers can help to create a
healthier workplace environment.
Real Life Example
In November 2004, the Detroit Institute of
Arts built a special warehouse designed
only to store the paintings prior to going to
exhibition hall for public viewing.
This warehouse has complete humidity
control using an Aprilaire 1160 Steam
Humidifier and a Model 1700 Dehumidifier.
8570 Thermostat Controlling the
Carrier Rooftop and Monitoring the
RH in the Occupied Space
Model 1160 Steam Humidifier
And
Model 1700 Dehumidifier
Light Commercial Humidity
Control