DigiDesign | Focusrite d3 | Specifications | DigiDesign Focusrite d3 Specifications

Focusrite d2™ and d3™
Version 7.3
Copyright
© 2007 Digidesign, a division of Avid Technology, Inc. All rights
reserved. This guide may not be duplicated in whole or in part
without the express written consent of Digidesign.
AudioSuite, Avid, Avid DNA, Avid Xpress, Digidesign, Pro Tools,
Pro Tools Academic, Pro Tools HD, Pro Tools LE, Pro Tools
M-Powered, RTAS, and VENUE are either trademarks or
registered trademarks of Avid Technology, Inc. in the US and
other countries. All other trademarks contained herein are the
property of their respective owners.
Product features, specifications, system requirements, and
availability are subject to change without notice.
PN 9329-55980-00 REV A 01/07
contents
Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Contents of the Boxed Version of Your Plug-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Register Your Plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Working with Plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Conventions Used in This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
About www.digidesign.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Chapter 2. Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Installing Focusrite D2 or D3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Authorizing Focusrite D2 or D3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Removing Plug-ins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Chapter 3. Focusrite D2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Focusrite D2 Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Adjusting Plug-in Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
D2 Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Using D2 in Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Chapter 4. Focusrite D3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Focusrite D3 Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Adjusting Plug-in Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
D3 Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
D3 Compressor Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
D3 Limiter Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Using the Side-Chain Input in Focusrite D3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Appendix A. DSP Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Focusrite DSP Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Contents
iii
Appendix B. DSP Delays Incurred by TDM Plug-ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Focusrite D2 and D3 DSP Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
iv
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
chapter 1
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the Focusrite D2 or D3 plug-in for Pro Tools systems.
Focusrite D2 is a high-quality digital equalizer
plug-in, and Focusrite D3 is a high-quality dynamics processor plug-in.
The Focusrite D2 and D3 plug-ins are TDM,
RTAS®, and AudioSuite™ plug-ins that retain
the look and sound of Focusrite’s renowned
hardware units.
The D2 and D3 plug-ins provide support for
44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 88.2 kHz, 96 kHz, 176.4 kHz,
and 192 kHz sessions.
Contents of the Boxed
Version of Your Plug-in
Your Focusrite D2 or D3 plug-in package contains the following components:
• Installation disc
• Digidesign Registration Information Card
• One of the following authorization cards for
authorizing plug-ins with an iLok USB Smart
Key (not supplied):
• Activation Card with an Activation Code
– or –
On 176.4 kHz or 192 kHz stereo tracks,
Focusrite is only available as a multi-mono
plug-in.
• License Card
References to Pro Tools LE™ in this guide
are usually interchangeable with Pro Tools
M-Powered™ or Pro Tools Academic™, except as noted in the Pro Tools M-Powered
and Academic Getting Started Guides.
Chapter 1: Introduction
1
System Requirements
To use Focusrite D2 or D3, you need the following:
• An iLok USB Smart Key
• An iLok.com account for managing iLok licenses
◆
One of the following:
• A Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools system.
• A Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools system
and a third-party software application that
supports the Digidesign TDM, RTAS, or
AudioSuite plug-in standard.
• A qualified Avid® Xpress®, Avid Xpress DV
or Avid DNA™ system.
• A Digidesign-qualified VENUE system
(TDM only)
For complete system requirements, visit the
Digidesign website (www.digidesign.com).
Compatibility Information
Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
For a list of Digidesign-qualified computers, operating systems, hard drives, and third-party devices, refer to the Digidesign website
(www.digidesign.com).
Register Your Plug-ins
If you purchase a plug-in online from the DigiStore (www.digidesign.com) using Internet Activation, you are automatically registered.
If you purchase a plug-in boxed version, check
the included Digidesign Registration Information Card for information about how to register
online.
Registered users receive periodic software update and upgrade notices.
Please refer to the Digidesign website
(www.digidesign.com) or the Digidesign Registration Information Card for information on
technical support.
Working with Plug-ins
Besides the information provided in this guide,
refer to the DigiRack Plug-ins Guide for general
information on working with plug-ins, including:
• Inserting Plug-ins on Tracks
• Clip Indicators
• The Plug-in Window
• Adjusting Parameters
• Automating Plug-ins
• Using the Librarian
2
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
Conventions Used in This
Guide
All Digidesign guides use the following conventions to indicate menu choices and key commands:
:
Convention
Action
File > Save
Choose Save from the
File menu
Control+N
Hold down the Control
key and press the N key
Control-click
Hold down the Control
key and click the mouse
button
Right-click
Click with the right
mouse button
The following symbols are used to highlight important information:
User Tips are helpful hints for getting the
most from your Pro Tools system.
Important Notices include information that
could affect your Pro Tools session data or
the performance of your Pro Tools system.
Shortcuts show you useful keyboard or
mouse shortcuts.
Cross References point to related sections in
the Pro Tools Guides.
About www.digidesign.com
The Digidesign website (www.digidesign.com)
is your best source for information to help you
get the most out of your Pro Tools system. The
following are just a few of the services and features available.
Registration Register your purchase online. See
the enclosed registration form for details.
Support Contact Digidesign Technical Support
or Customer Service; download software updates and the latest online manuals; browse the
Compatibility documents for system requirements; search the online Answerbase; join the
worldwide Pro Tools community on the Digidesign User Conference.
Training and Education Become a certified
Pro Tools Operator or Expert; study on your
own using courses available online, or find out
how you can learn in a classroom setting at a
certified Pro Tools Training Center.
Products and Developers Learn about Digidesign
products; download demo software; learn about
our Development Partners and their plug-ins,
applications, and hardware.
News and Events Get the latest news from
Digidesign; sign up for a Pro Tools demo.
To learn more about these and other resources
available from Digidesign, visit the Digidesign
website (www.digidesign.com).
Chapter 1: Introduction
3
4
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
chapter 2
Installation
Installing Focusrite D2 or D3
When you open Pro Tools, you are prompted to
authorize your new plug-in.
Installers for your plug-ins can be downloaded
from the DigiStore (www.digidesign.com) or can
be found on the plug-in installer disc (included
with boxed versions of plug-ins). Additionally,
an installer may also be available on a Pro Tools
software bundle installer disc.
Authorizing Focusrite D2 or
D3
Installation steps are essentially the same, regardless of the bundle, package, or system you
purchase.
The Focusrite D2 and D3 plug-ins are authorized
using the iLok USB Smart Key (iLok), manufactured by PACE Anti-Piracy, Inc.
Installation
To install Focusrite D2 or D3:
1 Do one of the following:
• Download the installer for your computer
platform from the Digidesign website
(www.digidesign.com). After downloading,
make sure the installer is uncompressed
(.ZIP on Windows or .SIT on Mac).
iLok USB Smart Key
The iLok is similar to a dongle, but unlike a dongle, it is designed to securely authorize multiple
software applications from a variety of software
developers.
– or –
• Insert the Installer disc into your computer.
2 Double-click the plug-in installer application.
3 Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the installation.
4 When installation is complete, click Finish
(Windows) or Quit (Mac).
Chapter 2: Installation
5
This key can hold over 100 licenses for all of
your iLok-enabled software. Once an iLok is authorized for a given piece of software, you can
use the iLok to authorize that software on any
computer.
The iLok USB Smart Key is not supplied
with your plug-in or software option. You
can use the one included with certain
Pro Tools systems (such as Pro Tools|HDseries systems), or purchase one separately.
If you purchased a plug-in online at the
DigiStore (www.digidesign.com), authorize the
plug-in by downloading licenses from iLok.com
to an iLok.
See the iLok Usage Guide for details, or visit
the iLok website (www.iLok.com).
If you purchased a boxed version of a plug-in, it
comes with either an Activation Code (on the
included Activation Card) or an iLok License
card:
• To authorize plug-ins using an Activation
Code, see “Authorizing Plug-ins Using an Activation Code” on page 6.
• To authorize plug-ins using an iLok License
Card, see “Authorizing Plug-ins Using a License Card” on page 7
Authorizing Plug-ins Using an
Activation Code
To authorize a plug-in using an Activation Code:
1 If you do not have an existing iLok.com ac-
count, visit www.iLok.com and sign up for an
iLok.com account.
2 Transfer the license for your plug-in to your
iLok.com account by doing the following:
• Visit http://secure.digidesign.com/
activation.
• Input your Activation Code (listed on your
Activation Card) and your iLok.com User
ID. Your iLok.com User ID is the name you
create for your iLok.com account.
3 Transfer the licenses from your iLok.com ac-
count to your iLok USB Smart Key by doing the
following:
• Insert the iLok into an available USB port
on your computer.
• Go to www.iLok.com and log in.
• Follow the on-screen instructions for transferring your licences to your iLok.
For information about iLok technology and
licenses, see the electronic PDF of the iLok
Usage Guide.
4 Launch Pro Tools.
5 If you have any installed unauthorized plug-
ins or software options, you are prompted to authorize them. Follow the on-screen instructions
to complete the authorization process.
6
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
Authorizing Plug-ins Using a
License Card
License Cards are specific to each plug-in or software option. You will receive the appropriate License Cards for the plug-ins that you purchase.
License Cards have a small punch-out plastic
chip called a GSM cutout.
iLok with License Card
The authorization steps in this section must be
repeated for purchased plug-in.
For additional information about iLok technology and authorizations, see the electronic PDF of the iLok Usage Guide.
To authorize a plug-in using a License Card:
1 Insert the iLok into an available USB port on
your computer.
6 Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the authorization process for each plug-in.
7 After the authorization has completed, re-
move the GSM cutout from the iLok. (If you
have to remove the iLok from the computer to
remove the cutout, be sure to re-insert the iLok
in any available USB port on your computer
when you are finished.)
2 Launch Pro Tools. You are prompted to autho-
rize any installed unauthorized plug-ins or software options.
If you are already using a demo version of
the plug-in or software option, launch
Pro Tools before you insert the iLok, then
insert the iLok into any available USB port
when prompted by Pro Tools.
3 Follow the on-screen instructions until you
are prompted to insert the License Card into the
iLok.
4 Separate the GSM cutout from the larger pro-
Removing Plug-ins
If you need to remove a plug-in from your system, follow the instructions below for your
computer platform.
Windows
To remove a plug-in:
1 From the Start menu, choose Settings > Con-
trol Panel and double-click Add or Remove Programs.
tective card by pulling it up and out with your
thumb. Do not force the cutout down with your
finger.
2 Select the plug-in from the list of installed ap-
5 Insert the GSM cutout into the iLok. Visually
3 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove
verify that the metal portion of the cutout
makes contact with the iLok’s metal card reader.
the plug-in.
plications and click the Change/Remove button.
4 When removal is complete, click OK to close
the window.
Chapter 2: Installation
7
Mac OS X
To remove a plug-in:
1 Locate and open the Plug-ins folder on your
Startup drive (Library/Application Support
/Digidesign/Plug-ins).
2 Do one of the following:
• Drag the plug-in to the Trash and empty
the Trash.
– or –
• Drag the plug-in to the Plug-ins (Unused)
folder.
8
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
chapter 3
Focusrite D2
Focusrite D2 is a high-quality digital equalizer
plug-in for Pro Tools. Developed in cooperation
with Focusrite, the D2 is based on the highly-acclaimed Red Range 2™ dual EQ, designed by Rupert Neve.
D2 features include:
Up to six simultaneous bands of EQ, including: high-pass, low-shelf, low-mid peak, highmid peak, high-shelf, and low-pass filters
◆
A highly accurate Cartesian graph that displays EQ curves in real-time as EQ parameters
are adjusted
◆
Focusrite D2 Configurations
There are three configurations of the Focusrite
D2 plug-in, each designed to use a different
amount of your system’s DSP.
1–2 Band EQ
This module uses the least DSP. You can use up
to two filters simultaneously, depending on
which you enable. The high-pass, low-shelf, and
low-pass filters each utilize the entire module
and cannot be used in combination with another filter. The low-mid peak, high-mid peak,
or high-shelf filters can be used in combination
with each other (up to two bands total).
4-Band EQ
This module uses more DSP. You can use up to
four filters simultaneously. Unlike the 1–2 Band
EQ, any combination of filters can be engaged,
up to a total of four bands.
Focusrite D2
6-Band EQ
This module uses the most DSP. You can use up
to six filters simultaneously. By default, the lowpass and high-pass filters are in Bypass mode
when the 6-Band EQ is first opened.
Chapter 3: Focusrite D2
9
Adjusting Plug-in Parameters
Editing Parameters Using a Computer
Keyboard
You can adjust plug-in controls by dragging the
control’s slider or knob, or by typing a value into
the control’s text box. Additionally, some plugins have switches that can be enabled by clicking on them.
Some controls have text boxes that display the
current value of the parameter. You can edit the
numeric value of a parameter with your computer keyboard.
To adjust a plug-in control:
If multiple Plug-in windows are open, Tab and
keyboard entry remain focused on the plug-in
that is the target window.
1 Begin audio playback so that you can hear the
control changes in real time.
2 Adjust the controls of the plug-in for the effect
you want. Refer to “Editing Parameters Using a
Mouse” on page 10 and “Editing Parameters Using a Computer Keyboard” on page 10.
To change control values with a computer
keyboard:
1 Click the text box corresponding to the con-
trol that you want to adjust.
2 Change the value.
Closing the plug-in will save the most recent
changes.
Editing Parameters Using a Mouse
You can adjust rotary controls by dragging horizontally or vertically. Parameter values increase
as you drag upward or to the right, and decrease
as you drag downward or to the left.
• To increase a value, press the Up Arrow on
your keyboard. To decrease a value, press
the Down Arrow on your keyboard.
– or –
• Type the desired value.
In fields that support values in kilohertz,
typing “k” after a number value will multiply the value by 1,000. For example, type
“8k” to enter a value of 8,000.
3 Do one of the following:
Adjusting rotary controls
Keyboard Shortcuts
◆ For finer adjustments, Control-drag (Windows) or Command-drag (Mac) the control.
◆ To return a control to its default value, Altclick (Windows) or Option-click (Mac) the control.
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Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
• Press Enter on the numeric keyboard to input the value and remain in keyboard editing mode.
– or –
• Press Enter on the alpha keyboard (Windows) or Return (Mac) to enter the value
and leave keyboard editing mode.
To move forward through the different control fields, press the Tab key. To move backward, press Shift+Tab.
Editing Parameters Using a Scroll
Wheel
Some controls have text boxes that display the
current value of the parameter. You can edit the
numeric value of a parameter using a scroll
wheel.
Output Level
Output Level allows you to adjust the overall
output gain. The range of this control is from
–18 dB to +12 dB.
To change control values using a scroll wheel:
1 Click the text box corresponding to the con-
trol that you want to adjust.
Output Level
wheel. To decrease a value, scroll down with the
scroll wheel.
When you use the D2 plug-in in stereo, each
channel has its own separate output level knob.
To adjust output levels for both channels simultaneously, select the Link button.
Toggling Switches
Meters
To toggle a switch:
The D2’s high-resolution plasma-style meters
indicate signal levels and detect clipping at the
input, algorithm, or output stage. When D2 is
used in stereo, two meters appear, one for each
channel.
2 To increase a value, scroll up with the scroll
■
Click the switch.
D2 Parameters
Input Level
Input Level allows you to attenuate signal input
level to the D2. The range of this control is from
–18 dB to +12 dB.
A Clip Indicator is located above each meter. It
indicates clipping by increasing its brightness as
successive samples are clipped. Click the Clip Indicator to clear it. Alt-clicking (Windows) or Option-clicking (Mac) clears both channels when
D2 is used in stereo.
When you use D2 in stereo, each channel has its
own separate Input Level knob. To adjust input
levels for both channels simultaneously, select
the Link button, then drag either knob.
input Level
Meters (Stereo mode)
Chapter 3: Focusrite D2
11
Metering:
• Green = nominal levels.
• Yellow = pre-clipping at –6 below full scale
signal.
• Red = full scale signal (clipping).
The Plug-in window includes a Clip LED
that lights red to indicate plug-in clipping.
The Plug-in Clip LED follows Pro Tools settings for clip indication. (For more information, see the DigiRack Plug-ins Guide.)
The Cartesian Graph
The Cartesian Graph displays a visual representation of the current EQ settings. As you adjust
the parameters of any currently active filter, the
Cartesian Graph will plot the changes to the EQ
curve in real-time. If you are using D2 in stereo,
the Cartesian Graph displays the EQ curve for
the right channel in red and the left channel in
blue.
EQ Filter Controls
Each of the six different EQ filters has its own
controls and its own icon. The icons act as
three-state switches for enabling, disabling, or
bypassing the specific filter. The current state of
a filter is indicated by its color:
• White = enabled. In this state the filter is
active, audible, and using available DSP resources.
• Black = disabled. In this state the filter is
not using any DSP resources and has no effect on audio.
• Gray = bypassed. In this state the filter is
not active, but is still using available DSP
resources. The effect of the filter is not audible.
High-Pass Filter
The 18 dB/octave High-Pass Filter provides a rotary control for adjusting the corner (cutoff) frequency, variable from 20 Hz to 6.4 kHz.
High-Pass Filter
Cartesian Graph
Alt-clicking (Windows) or Option-clicking
(Mac) the Cartesian Graph resets all D2 parameters to their default settings. To reset
parameters for both channels when in Stereo mode, Alt-Shift-click (Windows) or Option-Shift-click (Mac) the Cartesian Graph.
12
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
Low-Shelf Filter
High-Mid Peak Filter
The Low-Shelf Filter provides two rotary controls: The upper rotary control adjusts the corner frequency, variable from 33 Hz to 460 Hz.
The lower rotary control adjusts the filter’s amplitude gain or attenuation. Amplitude range is
±15 dB from unity.
The High-Mid Peak Filter provides three rotary
controls. The upper rotary control adjusts the
center frequency, variable from 120 Hz to
18 kHz. The lower left rotary control adjusts the
filter’s amplitude gain or attenuation. Amplitude range is ±15 dB from unity (utilizing a reciprocal curve for both gain and attenuation).
The lower right rotary control adjusts filter “Q”
which is variable from 0.7 to 4.0.
Low-Shelf Filter
Low-Mid Peak Filter
The Low-Mid Peak Filter provides three rotary
controls. The upper rotary control adjusts the
center frequency, variable from 33 Hz to
6.4 kHz. The lower left rotary control adjusts the
filter’s amplitude gain or attenuation. Amplitude range is ±15 dB from unity (utilizing a reciprocal curve for both gain and attenuation).
The lower right rotary control adjusts filter “Q”
which is variable from 0.7 to 4.0.
Low-Mid Peak Filter
High-Mid Peak Filter
High-Shelf Filter
The High-Shelf Filter provides two rotary controls: The upper rotary control adjusts the corner frequency, variable from 3.3 kHz to 18 kHz.
The lower rotary control adjusts the filter’s amplitude gain or attenuation. Amplitude range is
±15 dB from unity.
High-Shelf Filter
Chapter 3: Focusrite D2
13
Low-Pass Filter
The 18 dB/octave Low-Pass Filter provides a rotary control for adjusting the filter’s corner cutoff frequency, variable from 100 Hz to 18 kHz.
Using D2 in Stereo
Because Focusrite D2 has a single set of Filter parameter knobs, when it is used in stereo, you
must select which channel, left or right, you
want to edit.
Use the Left Channel, Right Channel, and Link
buttons to do this. These controls only appear
when D2 is used in stereo.
Low-Pass Filter
Enabling, Disabling and Bypassing
EQ Filters
You can enable, disable, or bypass specific EQ
filters by clicking them.
To disable a filter:
■ Start key-click (Windows) or Control-click
(Mac) the EQ Filter icon. When disabled, the
icon is black.
Left Channel, Right Channel, and Link buttons
To re-enable a filter:
Click the EQ filter icon. When enabled, the
icon is white.
Left Channel and Right Channel Buttons
■
To bypass a filter:
■ Click the EQ filter icon a second time. When
bypassed, the icon is grey.
If you are using all available bands of the
1–2 Band or 4–Band EQ and want to
change filter types, you must disable one filter before you can enable a different one.
14
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
The Left Channel and Right Channel buttons
are used to select which channel is active for parameter editing.
Selecting the Left Channel button activates the
left channel for editing. Any changes made to
EQ parameters will affect the left channel of the
stereo signal.
Selecting the Right Channel button activates
the right channel for editing. Any changes made
to EQ parameters will affect the right channel of
the stereo signal.
Link Button
Selecting the Link button allows you adjust parameters for both channels simultaneously. By
default, Link mode is enabled so that you can
easily maintain parity between the parameter
settings for both channels.
You can also use Link mode to help you maintain a relative offset between parameters settings
on the two channels.
Maintaining an offset:
1 Deselect the Link button.
2 Select the desired channel button, left or
right, and adjust the parameters for that channel.
3 Select Link mode and adjust the same parameters for the opposite channel. D2 will maintain
the relative offset between the parameter settings for the two channels.
Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac)
while linking channels with offsets to copy
the parameters of the active channel to the
opposite channel (including input and output levels).
Chapter 3: Focusrite D2
15
16
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
chapter 4
Focusrite D3
Focusrite D3 is a high-quality dynamics processor plug-in for Pro Tools. Developed in cooperation with Focusrite, the D3 is based on the
highly acclaimed Red Range 3™ dual mono/stereo compressor & limiter designed by Rupert
Neve.
Focusrite D3 Configurations
There are two configurations of the real-time
TDM Focusrite D3 plug-in:
◆ Compressor+Limiter. This configuration allows you to use both the compressor and the
limiter at the same time. The Compressor+Limiter plug-in requires twice as much DSP as the
Compressor/Limiter.
◆ Compressor/Limiter. This configuration allows you to use either the compressor or the
limiter—but not both at the same time. The
Compressor/Limiter plug-in uses half as much
DSP as the Compressor+Limiter. It is provided so
that you can conserve DSP, since you may not
need both compression and limiting at the same
time.
Focusrite D3
The Compressor/Limiter defaults to the compressor being enabled and the limiter disabled.
Chapter 4: Focusrite D3
17
To enable the limiter:
1 Disable the compressor by Start key-clicking
(Windows) or Control-clicking (Mac) its icon.
1-millisecond attack time. As such, the D3 is not
a “brick wall” limiter, but limits the overall dynamic range of signals in a sonically-pleasing
way.
2 Click the Limiter icon.
Like the Compressor, the Limiter is activated
when the signal exceeds the user-selected
threshold. The Limiter then compresses any signal above the selected threshold down to the
threshold limit that you have set.
Side-Chain Processing
Compressor
Limiter
Compressor and Limiter icons
The D3 Compressor
The D3 compressor reduces the dynamic range
of audio signals that exceed a user-selectable
threshold by a specific amount. This is accomplished by reducing output levels as input levels
increase above the threshold.
The amount of output level reduction that D3
applies as input levels increase is referred to as
the compression ratio. This parameter is adjustable. If you set the compression ratio to 2:1, for
example, for each 2 dB that the signal exceeds
the threshold, the output will increase only by
1 dB. With a compression ratio of 4:1 for example, an 8 dB increase in input will produce only
a 2 dB increase in output.
The D3 Limiter
The D3 limiter operates as a fast-attack compressor with a high compression ratio. It does not attack instantaneously or look ahead in order to
attack ahead of time, but instead uses a very fast,
18
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
Compressors and limiters generally use the detected amplitude of the input signal as a control
source. Other signals can also be used as a control source by using a key input. With de-essing,
for example, a frequency-modified version of
the input signal is used as a trigger. This is
known as side-chain processing.
Side-chain processing allows the D3 compression or limiting to be controlled by another independent audio signal—typically another
Pro Tools track. In this way you can compress or
limit one track’s audio using the dynamics of a
different track’s audio.
Using the D3 Plug-in in Stereo
In stereo configurations, all D3 controls except
the Input Level affect both channels of the stereo signal. The D3’s RMS detector (which derives the control signal that drives the dynamics
processing) uses a composite of the two channels. Because of this, when stereo processing occurs, there is no image shift when signal levels
differ between the two channels (since the composite control signal drives processing for both
channels).
Adjusting Plug-in Parameters
Editing Parameters Using a Computer
Keyboard
You can adjust plug-in controls by dragging the
control’s slider or knob, or by typing a value into
the control’s text box. Additionally, some plugins have switches that can be enabled by clicking on them.
Some controls have text boxes that display the
current value of the parameter. You can edit the
numeric value of a parameter with your computer keyboard.
To adjust a plug-in control:
If multiple Plug-in windows are open, Tab and
keyboard entry remain focused on the plug-in
that is the target window.
1 Begin audio playback so that you can hear the
control changes in real time.
2 Adjust the controls of the plug-in for the effect
you want. Refer to “Editing Parameters Using a
Mouse” on page 19 and “Editing Parameters Using a Computer Keyboard” on page 19.
To change control values with a computer
keyboard:
1 Click the text box corresponding to the con-
trol that you want to adjust.
2 Change the value.
Closing the plug-in will save the most recent
changes.
Editing Parameters Using a Mouse
You can adjust rotary controls by dragging horizontally or vertically. Parameter values increase
as you drag upward or to the right, and decrease
as you drag downward or to the left.
• To increase a value, press the Up Arrow on
your keyboard. To decrease a value, press
the Down Arrow on your keyboard.
– or –
• Type the desired value.
In fields that support values in kilohertz,
typing “k” after a number value will multiply the value by 1,000. For example, type
“8k” to enter a value of 8,000.
3 Do one of the following:
Adjusting rotary controls
Keyboard Shortcuts
For finer adjustments, Control-drag (Windows) or Command-drag (Mac) the control.
◆
To return a control to its default value, Altclick (Windows) or Option-click (Mac) the control.
◆
• Press Enter on the numeric keyboard to input the value and remain in keyboard editing mode.
– or –
• Press Enter on the alpha keyboard (Windows) or Return (Mac) to enter the value
and leave keyboard editing mode.
To move forward through the different control fields, press the Tab key. To move backward, press Shift+Tab.
Chapter 4: Focusrite D3
19
Editing Parameters Using a Scroll
Wheel
Some controls have text boxes that display the
current value of the parameter. You can edit the
numeric value of a parameter using a scroll
wheel.
To change control values using a scroll wheel:
1 Click the text box corresponding to the con-
trol that you want to adjust.
2 To increase a value, scroll up with the scroll
wheel. To decrease a value, scroll down with the
scroll wheel.
Output Level
Output Level adjusts the overall output gain. Because large amounts of compression can restrict
dynamic range, the Output Level knob is useful
for compensating for heavily compressed signals and making up the resulting difference in
level.
When you use the stereo version of the D3 plugin, this single knob controls the master output
for both channels. The range of this control is
from –12 dB of attenuation to +18 dB of gain.
Toggling Switches
Output Level
To toggle a switch:
■
Click the switch.
D3 Parameters
Input Level
Input Level attenuates signal input level to the
compressor or limiter. The range of this control
is from –30 dB to 0 dB.
When you use the stereo version of the D3 plugin, each channel has its own separate Input
Level knob. To adjust input levels for both channels simultaneously, Shift-drag. Alt-Shift-clicking (Windows) or Option-Shift clicking (Mac)
either Input Level knob resets both channels to
0 dB.
Input Level
20
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
External Key and Key Listen
The side-chain is the split-off signal used by a
plug-in’s detector to trigger dynamics processing. External Key lets you designate an external
source (known as the key input) for the sidechain, while Key Listen lets you monitor the key
input.
External Key
Key Listen
External Key and Key Listen toggles
See “Using the Side-Chain Input in Focusrite D3” on page 24 for detailed information on external side-chain processing.
Meters
The meters indicate gain reduction (the top
meter) and output level (the bottom meter). The
Gain Reduction meter indicates the amount of
gain reduction in dB. The Output Level meter
indicates the output signal level in dB.
In Stereo mode, two Output Level meters appear, one for each channel. However, a single
Gain Reduction meter is used for both channels,
since the D3’s RMS detector uses a composite
control signal.
A red Clip Indicator appears to the right of the
output meter(s). Clicking on the Clip Indicator
clears it. Alt-clicking (Windows) or Optionclicking (Mac) clears both channels when the
plug-in is used in stereo.
D3 Compressor Controls
The Compressor icon, which represents a compression curve, acts as a three-state switch for
enabling, disabling, or bypassing the compressor. Its current state is indicated by the icon’s
color.
Compressor icon
• White indicates enabled. In this state the
compressor is active and using available
DSP resources.
• Black indicates disabled. In this state, the
compressor is not using DSP resources.
• Gray indicates bypassed. In this state the
compressor is not active, but is still using
available DSP resources.
Meters
Metering indicators:
• Green indicates nominal levels.
• Yellow indicates pre-clipping at –6 below
full scale.
• Red indicates a full scale signal (clipping).
Compressor controls
The Plug-in window includes a Clip LED
that lights red to indicate plug-in clipping.
The Plug-in Clip LED follows Pro Tools settings for clip indication. (For more information, see the DigiRack Plug-ins Guide.)
Chapter 4: Focusrite D3
21
To disable the compressor:
■ Start key-click (Windows) or Control-click
(Mac) the icon. When the compressor is disabled, the icon is black.
To re-enable the compressor:
Threshold
Threshold sets the threshold level. Signals that
exceed this level will be compressed. Signals
that are below it will be unaffected. The range of
this control is from 0 dB to –48 dB. A setting of
0 dB is equivalent to no compression.
■ Click the icon. When the compressor is enabled, the icon is white.
To bypass the compressor:
■ Click the icon a second time. When the compressor is bypassed, the icon is grey.
If you are using the Compressor/Limiter plug-in,
which allows you to use either the compressor
or the limiter (but not both simultaneously),
you must disable one module by Start key-clicking the icon (Windows) or Control-clicking it
(Mac) before you can enable the other.
Ratio
Ratio sets the compression ratio. If the ratio is
set to 2:1 for example, it will compress changes
in signals above the threshold by one half. The
range of this control is from 1.5:1 (very little
compression), to 10:1 (heavy compression, bordering on limiting).
Ratio
22
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
Threshold
Attack
Attack sets the compressor attack time. To use
compression most effectively, the attack time
should be set so that signals exceed the threshold level long enough to cause an increase in the
average level. This helps ensure that gain reduction doesn’t decrease the overall volume. The
range of this control is from 1.0 ms to 150.0 ms.
Attack
Release
Release controls how long it takes for the compressor to be fully deactivated after the input
signal drops below the threshold level. In general, this setting should be longer than the attack time and long enough that if signal levels
repeatedly rise above the threshold, they cause
gain reduction only once. If the release time is
too long, a loud section of the audio material
could cause gain reduction that persists through
a soft section. The range of this control is from
25 milliseconds to 2.5 seconds.
D3 Limiter Controls
The Limiter icon, which represents a limiter
curve, acts as a three-state switch for enabling,
disabling, or bypassing the limiter. Its current
state is indicated by the icon’s color:
• White indicates enabled. In this state, the
limiter is active and using available DSP resources.
• Black indicates disabled. In this state, the
limiter is not using DSP resources.
• Gray indicates bypassed. In this state, the
limiter is not active, but is still using available DSP resources.
Auto Release
Auto Release
Auto Release enables the automatic release function. In this mode the Release control has no effect on release time. Instead, the D3 uses a release time value that is program dependent and
based on the audio being processed.
Auto Release
Limiter controls
Limiter In/Out icon
To disable the limiter:
■ Start key-click (Windows) or Control-click
(Mac) the icon. When the limiter is disabled, the
icon is black.
To re-enable the limiter:
■ Click the icon. When the limiter is enabled,
the icon is white.
Chapter 4: Focusrite D3
23
To bypass the limiter:
Click the icon a second time. When the limiter is bypassed, the icon is grey.
■
If you are using the Compressor/Limiter plug-in,
which allows you to use either the compressor
or the limiter (but not both simultaneously),
you must disable one module by Start key-clicking the icon (Windows) or Control-clicking it
(Mac) before you can enable the other.
Limit LED
When lit, the Limit LED indicates that limiting
is being applied. When unlit, limiting is not being applied.
Using the Side-Chain Input in
Focusrite D3
The side-chain is the split-off signal used by a
plug-in's detector to trigger dynamics processing, and is generally drawn internally from the
input signal. However, some plug-ins (such as
the Focusrite D3) let you switch between internal and external side-chain processing.
With external side-chain processing, a plug-in's
detector is triggered by an external signal (such
as a separate reference track or audio source)
known as the key input.
A typical use for this feature is to use a kick drum
track to gate and tighten up a bass track, or a
rhythm guitar track to gate another instrument.
External Key
Limit LED
Threshold
This sets the threshold level. Signals that exceed
this level will be limited. Signals that are below
it will be unaffected. A setting of 0 dB is equivalent to no limiting. The range of this control is
from –24 dB to 0 dB.
External Key toggles external side-chain processing on or off. When this button is enabled, the
plug-in uses the amplitude of an external signal
(the key input) to trigger compression or limiting. When this button is disabled, the plug-in
uses the amplitude of the input signal to trigger
dynamics processing.
External Key
Key Listen
Threshold
Key Listen enables and disables auditioning of
the key input controlling the external sidechain. This is useful for fine-tuning the compressor’s settings to the key input.
Key Listen
24
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
Using a Key Input for External
Side-Chain Processing
To use a key input to trigger dynamics processing:
1 Click the Key Input selector and select the in-
put or bus carrying the audio from the reference
track or external audio source.
Selecting a key input
2 Click External Key to activate external side-
chain processing.
3 To listen to the key input that will be used to
control side-chain processing, click Key Listen
to enable it.
4 Begin playback. The plug-in uses the input or
bus that you chose as an external key input to
trigger its effect.
5 Adjust the plug-in’s Threshold control to finetune external key input triggering.
6 Adjust other controls to achieve the desired effect.
Chapter 4: Focusrite D3
25
26
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
appendix a
DSP Requirements
The number of TDM plug-ins you can use at one
time depends on how much DSP power is available in your system. Since the TDM hardware on
Pro Tools cards provide dedicated DSP for plugins, plug-in performance isn’t limited by CPU
processing power.
The DSP tables in this appendix show the theoretical number of instances of each plug-in that
can be powered by a single DSP chip on
Pro Tools|HD cards. DSP usage differs according
to card type.
DSP tables show the theoretical maximum
performance when no other plug-ins or system tasks (such as I/O) are sharing available DSP resources. You will typically use
more than one type of plug-in simultaneously. The data in these tables are provided as guidelines to help you gauge the
relative efficiency of different plug-ins on
your system. They are not guaranteed performance counts that you should expect to
see in typical real-world sessions and usage.
There are a total of nine DSP chips on a
Pro Tools|HD card (HD Core, HD Process, and
HD Accel). HD Core and HD Process cards provide identical chip sets. HD Accel cards provide
newer, more powerful DSP chips (making the
HD Accel card ideal for DSP-intensive plug-ins,
and for high sample rate sessions).
Not all plug-ins are supported on all types of
chips. The following tables indicate the number
of compatible chips per card.
Using Multi-Mono Plug-ins on
Greater-Than-Stereo Tracks
Plug-ins used in multi-mono format on greaterthan-stereo tracks require one mono instance
per channel of the multi-channel audio format.
For example, a multi-mono plug-in used on a
5.1 format track, requires six mono instances
since there are six audio channels in the 5.1 format.
Monitoring DSP Usage
The System Usage window (Window > System
Usage) shows how much DSP is available in your
system and how it is being used in the current
Pro Tools session.
For more information about DSP usage and
allocation, see the Pro Tools Reference
Guide.
DSP Requirements
27
Focusrite DSP Requirements
The Focusrite plug-ins have the following DSP requirements:
HD Accel Card
Table 2. Maximum instances of real-time TDM plug-ins per DSP chip for an HD Accel card at different sample rates
(mono and stereo)
Sample Rate:
Plug-in
28
44.1/48 kHz
88.2/96 kHz
174.6/192 kHz
Compatible
DSP Chips
per
HD Accel
Card
Mono
Stereo
Mono
Stereo
Mono
Stereo
Focusrite d2 v2.0
(1-band or 2-band)
55
20
28
14
12
6
9
Focusrite d2 (4-band)
28
14
14
7
6
3
9
Focusrite d2 (6-band)
10
5
7
3
3
1
9
Focusrite d3 (comp+limiter)
23
21
11
10
5
4
9
Focusrite d3 (comp/limiter)
43
36
20
17
9
8
9
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
HD Core and HD Process Cards
Table 3. Maximum instances of real-time TDM plug-ins per DSP chip for an HD Core or HD Process card, at different
sample rates (mono and stereo)
Sample Rate:
Plug-in
44.1/48 kHz
88.2/96 kHz
Compatible
DSP Chips
per
HD Core or
HD Process
Card
174.6/192 kHz
Mono
Stereo
Mono
Stereo
Mono
Stereo
Focusrite d2
(1-band or 2-band)
28
14
12
2
4
2
9
Focusrite d2 (4-band)
28
7
6
6
2
1
9
Focusrite d2 (6-band)
7
3
3
1
1
1
9
Focusrite d3 (comp+limiter)
10
9
4
4
1
1
9
Focusrite d3 (comp/limiter)
18
16
8
7
3
3
9
DSP Requirements
29
30
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
appendix b
DSP Delays Incurred by TDM Plug-ins
Virtually all TDM plug-ins incur some amount
of signal delay.
If you are working with mono tracks, or are processing all channels with the same plug-in, the
signal delays are not long enough to be significant and should not be a concern.
This signal delay is significant only if you use a
plug-in on one channel of a stereo or multichannel signal but not the others, since this can
cause the channels to be slightly out of phase.
Table 3 on page 32 shows the delays inherent in
each plug-in.
Compensating For Delays
Automatic Delay Compensation Pro Tools HD
systems provide automatic Delay Compensation to compensate for signal processing delays. For details, see the Pro Tools Reference
Guide.
Manual Delay Compensation If it becomes necessary to manually compensate for plug-in delay,
use the TimeAdjuster plug-in included with
Pro Tools to offset other tracks, as appropriate.
See the DigiRack Plug-ins Guide or the Pro Tools
Reference Guide for more information on TimeAdjuster.
Channel Delay Indicator
The Channel Delay Indicator in the Mix window displays the total delay, in samples, incurred on the track from the use of any TDM
plug-in on that channel.
To see the amount of time delay on a track that
uses plug-in inserts.
In the Mix window, Control-click (Windows)
or Command-click (Mac) the track’s Volume Indicator to toggle between Volume (“vol”), Peak
(“pk”) and Channel Delay (“dly”) indications.
■
DSP Delays Incurred by TDM Plug-ins
31
Focusrite D2 and D3 DSP Delay
≈
Table 3. Samples of delay incurred by each TDM plug-In
on Pro Tools|HD cards
Plug-in
32
Samples of Delay on
HD Cards
Focusrite d2 (1-band or
2- band)
5
Focusrite d2 (4-band)
5
Focusrite d2 (6-band)
5
Focusrite d3 (Comp+Lim)
4
Focusrite d3 (Comp/Lim)
4
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
index
Numerics
D
1-2 Band EQ 9
4-Band EQ 9
6-Band EQ 9
D2
configurations 9
filters 12
High-Mid Peak Filter 13
High-Pass Filter 12
High-Shelf Filter 13
input controls 11
Low-Mid Peak Filter 13
Low-Shelf Filter 13
meters 11
A
Activation Code 6
adjusting plug-in parameters
computer keyboard 10, 19
keyboard shortcuts 10, 19
mouse 10, 19
scroll wheel 11, 20
toggling switches 11, 20
Attack parameter 22
authorizing plug-ins 6, 7
Auto Release button 23
B
boxed version 1
brick wall limiter 18
C
Cartesian Graph 12
compensating for DSP delays 31
Compressor
controls 21
in/out icon 21
computer keyboard
adjusting plug-in parameters 10, 19
D3
compression ratio 18
Compressor 18
Compressor+Limiter 17
Compressor/Limiter 17
Limiter 18
meters 21
parameters 20
delay
DSP-induced delays 31
DSP delays 31
DSP delays inherent in plug-ins 31
DSP requirements 27
E
EQ
bypassing 12
curves 12
disabling 12
enabling 12
filter controls 12
External 20
External Key parameter 20, 24
external side-chain processing 24
Index
33
F
P
Focusrite D2 9
Focusrite D3 17
compressor 18
limiter 18
package contents 1
plug-ins
adjusting parameters 10, 19
authorizing 6
registration 2
G
Gain Reduction meter 21
guide conventions 3
HD-series cards
DSP delays 31
help 3
Ratio parameter 22
registration 2
removing plug-ins
Windows 7
Right Channel button 14
RMS detector 18
I
S
Input Level parameter 11
inserting plug-ins on a track 27
internal side-chain processing 24
scroll wheel
adjusting plug-in parameters 11, 20
side-chain processing 18, 24
signal delay 31
switches
adjusting plug-in parameters 11, 20
System Usage window 27
H
K
Key Listen parameter 20, 24
Key On/Off parameter 24
keyboard shortcuts
adjusting plug-in parameters 10, 19
L
Left Channel button 14
License Card 7
Limit LED of D3 24
Limiter
D3 controls 23
D3 Limiter in/out icon 23
Link button 15
Low-Pass Filter 14
M
mouse
adjusting plug-in parameters 10, 19
O
Output Level parameter 11
34
R
Focusrite D2 and D3 Plug-ins Guide
T
TDM plug-ins
DSP requirements 27
technical support 3
Threshold parameter 22, 24
W
www.digidesign.com 3
www.digidesign.com
DIGIDESIGN
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard
Daly City, CA 94014-3886 USA
Tel: 650.731.6300
Fax: 650.731.6399
TECHNICAL SUPPORT (USA)
Tel: 650.731.6100
Fax: 650.731.6384
PRODUCT INFORMATION (USA)
Tel: 800.333.2137
INTERNATIONAL OFFICES
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