United States Stove 1800 Owner`s manual

OWNER`S MANUAL
1800 MODEL STOVE
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY PHASE II CERTIFIED
WOODSTOVE
Verified and tested following
ULC S627 and UL 1482 Standards by:
Manufactured by : STOVE BUILDER INTERNATIONAL INC.
250, rue de Copenhague, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures (Quebec) G3A 2H3
Tel: ( 418 ) 878-3040 Fax: ( 418 ) 878-3001
www.osburn-mfg.com
This manual is available for free download on the manufacturer’s web site. It is a copyrighted
document. Re-sale is strictly prohibited. The manufacturer may update this manual from time to time
and cannot be responsible for problems, injuries, or damages arising out of the use of information
contained in any manual obtained from unauthorized sources.
READ AND KEEP THIS MANUAL FOR REFERENCE
Printed in Canada
45059A
14-11-2011
INTRODUCTION
SBI INC., one of the most important wood stove and fireplace manufacturers in Canada,
congratulates you on your purchase and wishes to help you get maximum satisfaction from your wood
stove. In the pages that follow, we will give you advice on wood heating and controlled combustion as
well as technical specifications regarding installation, operation and maintenance of the model you
have chosen.
The instructions pertaining to the installation of your wood stove comply with ULC-S627 and UL-1482
standards.
We recommend that our woodburning hearth products be installed and serviced by professionals who
are certified in the United States by NFI (National Fireplace Institute®) or in Canada by WETT (Wood
Energy Technical Training) or in Quebec by APC (Association des Professionnels du Chauffage).
Read this entire manual before you install and use your new stove. If this stove is not properly
installed, a house fire may result. To reduce the risk of fire, follow the installation instructions.
Failure to follow instructions may result in property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Consult your municipal building department or fire officials about restrictions and installations
requirements in your area and the need to obtain a permit.
Keep this instructions manual for future references.
CAUTIONS:
 THE INFORMATION GIVEN ON THE CERTIFICATION LABEL AFFIXED TO THE APPLIANCE ALWAYS OVERRIDES THE
INFORMATION PUBLISHED, IN ANY OTHER MEDIA (OWNER’S MANUAL, CATALOGUES, FLYERS, MAGAZINES
AND/OR WEB SITES).

HOT WHILE IN OPERATION. KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY. CONTACT MAY CAUSE SKIN
BURNS.

DO NOT USE CHEMICALS OR FLUIDS TO IGNITE THE FIRE.

DO NOT LEAVE THE STOVE UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED.

DO NOT BURN WASTES, FLAMMABLE FLUID SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA OR MOTOR OIL.

DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.

ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR AFTER THE IGNITION.
REGISTER YOU WARRANTY ONLINE
To receive full warranty coverage, you will need to show evidence of
the date you purchased your stove. Keep your sales invoice. We
also recommend that you register your warranty online at
http://www.osburn-mfg.com/warranty-registration.aspx
Registering your warranty online will help us track rapidly the
information we need on your stove.
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1.0 - INSTALLATION................................................................................................................. 5 1.1 GENERAL INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................................... 5 1.2 CLEARANCES TO COMBUSTIBLES AND FLOOR PROTECTOR........................................................................ 6 1.4 MANUFACTURED (MOBILE) HOME INSTALLATIONS – ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS ............................ 13 1.5 CHIMNEY SYSTEM .................................................................................................................................. 13 1.5.1 DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 13 1.5.2 COMPONENTS ...................................................................................................................................... 13 1.5.2.1 FACTORY BUILT CHIMNEY SYSTEM ................................................................................................. 14 1.5.2.3 RESIDENTIAL CLOSE CLEARANCES CHIMNEY SYSTEM .................................................................... 14 1.5.3 GENERAL INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS .......................................................................................... 14 1.5.3.1 CONNECTORS ................................................................................................................................... 15 1.5.3.2 CHIMNEY SYSTEMS .......................................................................................................................... 15 1.5.3.3 EXTERIOR CHIMNEY ........................................................................................................................ 16 1.5.3.4 DRAFT .............................................................................................................................................. 17 1.5.4 TYPICAL TYPES OF CHIMNEY SYSTEMS .............................................................................................. 17 SECTION 2.0 - OPERATION ..................................................................................................................... 19 2.1 SAFETY INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................... 19 2.2 FUEL ...................................................................................................................................................... 20 2.2.1 SIMPLE WOOD MOISTURE TEST .......................................................................................................... 21 2.3 NOTES ABOUT FIRST FIRING .................................................................................................................. 21 2.4 LIGHTING A FIRE ................................................................................................................................... 21 2.5 MAINTAINING THE FIRE ......................................................................................................................... 22 2.6 (OPTIONAL) FAN INSTALLATION AND OPERATION ................................................................................. 23 SECTION 3.0 - MAINTENANCE............................................................................................................... 23 3.1 CARE AND CLEANING ............................................................................................................................ 23 3.1.1 GLASS CLEANING................................................................................................................................ 24 3.2 ASH REMOVAL USING ASH DRAWER ..................................................................................................... 24 3.3 CHIMNEY CLEANING .............................................................................................................................. 25 3.4 BAFFLE INSTALLATION AND BRICK NOTES ............................................................................................ 26 3.5 SECONDARY AIR TUBE REPLACEMENT .................................................................................................. 29 SECTION 4- TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................................ 30 SECTION 5 – SPECIFICATIONS.............................................................................................................. 31 OSBURN LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY ....................................................................................... 32 3
4
Section 1.0 - Installation
When installed and operated as described in these instructions, the Osburn Model 1800 Bay Wood Stove is
suitable for use as a freestanding wood stove in either residential or mobile home installations.
The Model 1800 is not intended for installation in a bedroom.
In Canada the CSA B365 Installation Code for Solid Fuel Burning Appliances and Equipment and the CSA
C22.1 Canadian National Electrical Code are to be followed in the absence of local code requirements. In
the USA the ANSI NFPA 70 National Electrical Code and NFPA 211 Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces,
Vents and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances are to be followed in the absence of local code requirements.
In addition to the national installation codes, local building and/or fire officials (or other authorities having
jurisdiction) should be contacted to determine what restrictions and installation requirements might locally
apply.
1.1 General Installation
1. Proper ventilation is required.
2. Do not connect this unit to any air distribution duct.
3. Connect the stove only to a lined masonry chimney conforming to national and local building
codes for use with solid fuel, or to a listed factory built chimney suitable for use with solid fuel.
5
1.2 Clearances to combustibles and floor protector
To install your appliance correctly, it is extremely important to respect all clearances to any combustibles
as indicated on your stove’s certification label.
Clearances to combustible materials
(see figure 1.3 to match each letter to a clearance)
CLEARANCES (SINGLE WALL PIPE)
A
B
C
D
E
F
K
L
A
B
C
D
E
F
K
L
CANADA
10" (254 mm)
19" (483 mm)
10" (254 mm)
12" (305 mm)
28" (711 mm)
19" (483 mm)
48" (1220 mm)
84" (213 cm)
CANADA
16" (406 mm)
17" (432 mm)
12" (305 mm)
18" (457 mm)
26" (660 mm)
21" (533 mm)
48" (1220 mm)
84" (213 cm)
USA
16" (406 mm)
17" (432 mm)
12" (305 mm)
18" (457 mm)
26" (660 mm)
21" (533 mm)
48" (1220 mm)
84" (213 cm)
CLEARANCES (DOUBLE WALL PIPE)
MOBILE HOME
USA
10" (254 mm)
19" (483 mm)
10" (254 mm)
12" (305 mm)
28" (711 mm)
19" (483 mm)
48" (1220 mm)
84" (213 cm)
10" (254 mm)
21" (533 mm)
10" (254 mm)
12" (305 mm)
30" (762 mm)
19" (483 mm)
48" (1220 mm)
84" (213 cm)
6
FIGURE 1.3 Clearances to combustible materials and floor protection
7
Floor protector
If the stove is to be installed on top of a combustible floor, it must be guarded by a non combustible
material as shown on figure 1.3 (see the dotted line area).
FLOOR PROTECTOR*
G
H
I
J
M
N
CANADA
8’’ (203 mm) – Note 1
8’’ (203 mm)
18’’ (457 mm)
From door opening
N/A (USA only)
8’’ (203 mm)
N/A (USA only)
USA
N/A (Canada only)
N/A (Canada only)
16’’ (406 mm)
From door opening
8’’ (203 mm)
N/A (Canada only)
Note 2
*Steel with a minimum thickness of 0.015’’ (0.38 mm) or ceramic tiles sealed together with grout. No
protection is required if the unit is installed on a non-combustible floor (ex: concrete).
Note 1 : The floor protection at the back of the stove is limited to the stove’s required clearance if
such clearance is smaller than 8 inches (203 mm).
Note 2 : Only required under the horizontal section of the connector. Must exceed each side of the
connector by at least 2 inches (51 mm).
Reduced clearances using shielding
You may decrease the clearances by installing heat radiation shields between the walls or the ceiling and
the stove. These heat radiation shields must be installed permanently, and can include sheet metal, a rigid
non-combustible sheet or a masonry wall.
Clearances of not less than 1" (25 mm) and not more than 3" (76 mm) between the bottom of the shield and
the floor and not less than 3" (76 mm) between the top of the shield and the ceiling must be respected to
allow vertical air circulation behind the shield. The shield must extend 20" (500 mm) above the stove top
and 18" (450mm) to each side of the stove (see graphic 1).
8
Following the installation of such a heat radiation shield, the clearances mentioned on the stove
certification plate may be reduced as stated in the following table.
TYPE OF PROTECTION
Reducing Clearances With
Shielding
Sides and
Rear/Back
Top
Sheet metal, a minimum of 0,024" (0,61mm) spaced out at
least 1" (25mm) by non-combustible spacers
(see
graphic 2).
67%
50%
Ceramic tiles, or an equivalent non-combustible material on
fire-proof supports spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by noncombustible spacers (see graphic 3).
50%
33%
Ceramic tiles, or an equivalent non-combustible material on
fire-proof supports with a minimum of 0,024" (0,61 mm) sheet
metal backing spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by noncombustible spacers (see graphic 4)
67%
50%
Brick spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by non-combustible
spacers (see graphic 5)
50%
N/A
Brick with a minimum of 0,024" (0,61 mm) sheet metal
backing spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by non-combustible
spacers (see graphic 6).
67%
N/A
9
Graphic 1
A- Minimum clearance required between the appliance and an unshielded combustible ceiling.
B- 20 in. (500 mm) minimum;
C- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
D- Between 1 in. and 3 in. (25 mm and 75 mm);
E- 3 in.(75 mm) minimum;
F- 18 in. (457 mm) minimum.
1- Shielding;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- Ceiling protector;
4- Combustible wall;
5- Ceiling;
6- Appliance (side view);
7- Appliance (top view).
10
Graphic 2
A- 1 in.(25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- 0.024’’ (0.61mm) sheet metal.
Graphic 3
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- Non-combustible support;
4- Ceramic tile or non-combustible material.
Graphic 4
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- 0.024’’ (0.61 mm) thick sheet metal;
4- Non-combustible support;
5- Ceramic tile or non-combustible material.
11
Graphic 5
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- Brick.
Graphique 6
A- 1 in. (25 mm) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacers;
3- 0.024’’ (0.61 mm) thick sheet metal;
4- Brick.
12
1.4 Manufactured (Mobile) Home Installations – Additional Requirements
1. The stove must be bolted to the floor (secure the unit by prying out the two plastic plugs in the
pedestal, and installing the two 3/8" x 3-1/2" (9.8mm x 88.9mm) lag bolts through the holes
provided).
2. The unit must be provided with outside combustion air.
3. Clearance from the top of stove to an unprotected ceiling should be a minimum of
52” (1321mm).
4. A pipe shield must be used on the double wall connector. Part # OA10035 shield. See
installation instructions with shield.
Note:For manufactured home installations in the USA, the stove must be grounded to the frame of
the home using a # 8 ground wire with approved terminations and star lock washers.
CAUTION: THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE MANUFACTURED HOME FLOOR, WALL, CEILING /
ROOF MUST BE MAINTAINED.
CAUTION: DO NOT INSTALL IN A SLEEPING ROOM.
1.5 Chimney System
1.5.1 Definitions
For clarity, the following definitions should be used with respect to these instructions:
A chimney system consists of the connector off the top of the stove, and a chimney, which joins to the
connector and terminates outside the building envelope.
A chimney can be a masonry chimney (of masonry construction with an inside liner), or a factory
built chimney.
A factory built chimney can be a double walled chimney (two concentric pipes with insulation
sometimes referred to as an insulated solid pack, or an air cooled chimney (three concentric pipes,
with insulation between the first and second pipes, and air between the second and third pipes).
A single walled connector is a single pipe.
A double walled connector has two concentric pipes, no insulation, and is an air cooled connector.
1.5.2 Components
NOTE: All connector and manufactured chimney components must be LISTED COMPONENTS.
Masonry Chimneys must be Code Complying, and have a listed solid fuel burning liner (of stainless
steel or clay refractory construction).
13
1.5.2.1 Factory Built Chimney System
The following are the generic components required for a factory built chimney system for
residential installations:
Chimney – in the USA use a 6” diameter (152 mm) listed UL 103 HT chimney system and
components
Chimney – in Canada use 6” diameter (152 mm) listed ULC S629 chimney system and components
MANUFACTURED (MOBILE) HOME CHIMNEY SYSTEM
In addition to the requirements of section 1.5.2.1 the following components are required for
manufactured (mobile) home installations:
A spark arrestor must be employed with the rain cap
Double walled connectors must be used instead of single walled connectors
For manufactured (mobile) home installations in the USA only and where the chimney system has
employed a solid pack chimney, a vented roof flashing must also be used.
1.5.2.3 Residential Close Clearances Chimney System
In addition to the requirements of section 1.5.2.1 the following components are required for
residential close clearances installations:
Double walled connectors must be used instead of single walled connectors
1.5.3 General Installation Requirements
CAUTION: DO NOT FILL ANY FRAMED SPACE AROUND THE FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEY WITH
INSULATION OR ANY OTHER MATERIAL. INSULATION PLACED IN THIS AREA COULD CAUSE ADJACENT
COMBUSTIBLES TO OVERHEAT.
DO NOT USE MAKESHIFT COMPROMISES DURING INSTALLATION AS THEY MAY BE SAFETY HAZARDS,
AND A FIRE COULD RESULT.
DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY SYSTEM SERVING ANOTHER APPLIANCE.
DO NOT CUT RAFTERS OR CEILING JOISTS WITHOUT FIRST CONSULTING A BUILDING OFFICIAL TO
ENSURE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY IS NOT COMPROMISED.
14
1.5.3.1 Connectors
The minimum connector diameter is 6" (152 mm). A minimum connector length of 4 ft (1.22 m) is
recommended for best results. Restrictions to stack gas flow (such as using more than two 90o elbows)
should be avoided and any horizontal runs should be kept to a minimum length, especially with short
chimneys. The connector pipe, which joins the unit to the chimney, may be of either single or double
walled construction. Connector pipe should be a minimum of 24-gauge steel.
The connector pipe itself must not pass through any combustibles, nor may it pass through noncombustibles and into a concealed space (such as an attic, roof space, or closet). If passing through a wall,
ceiling, or into a masonry chimney, use either chimney components listed for that specific use, or means
acceptable to local authorities having jurisdiction over the installation.
Install sections of single wall or double wall connector between the stove and the chimney. Secure all
connector pipe joints with a minimum of three sheet metal screws. All connector and factory built chimney
pipes must be installed with the male or crimped end down to prevent creosote dripping outside the joints.
If non-telescopic sections are to be used, they must be cut to length, allowing for overlap. Use three (3)
screws to attach the connector section to the flue collar of the stove. Listed double walled connectors
should be installed in accordance with the vent manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Figure 1.2 - Joints in Chimney System
1.5.3.2 Chimney Systems
The minimum chimney size is 6" (152 mm) in diameter. The minimum overall height of the chimney
system, measured from the base of the appliance is 12' (3.66m). Existing masonry and metal chimneys
should be inspected to check for deterioration and to determine if they meet the minimum installation
requirements; they should be upgraded if necessary. In Canada, masonry chimneys must have or use a ULC
S635 listed Class III liner in chimney systems that are not ULC S629 listed. Similarly in the USA a UL
1777 listed refractory or metallic liner must be used. At the point of penetration through the roof to the
outside of the building envelope, the chimney must extend at least 3' (914 mm) above the roof and at least
2' (610 mm) above the highest point within an area of 10' (3 m) of the chimney (see Figure 1.3).
Follow CSA Standard B365-M91 for methods and precautions to be employed when connecting the stove
to a masonry chimney, and for installing thimbles (wall penetration assemblies) when the connection from
the stove to the masonry chimney is made through a combustible wall.
15
When connecting to a factory built chimney, ensure that it is installed according to the manufacturer's
listed instructions. If using an existing chimney, inspect and clean the chimney if required (this should be
done by a licensed chimney sweep or a qualified professional).
Figure 1.3 – Chimney height
1.5.3.3 Exterior Chimney
Chimneys constructed outside of the home on an exterior wall should be avoided if possible, especially in
colder climates. Exterior chimneys may not draft well and in fact may down draft (reverse flow) due to the
difficulty in heating them up to operating temperature while trying to evacuate the stack gases. All else
being equal, cooler chimneys will have less draft than hotter ones; this may lead to creosoting and poor
performance. If an exterior chimney is used to remove the stack gases the best results will be obtained by
using a connector vertically off the unit to the highest possible point before elbowing off horizontally to the
chimney. For efficiency and safety reasons the stove must not be installed with an insulated chimney
connected directly to the appliance.
16
1.5.3.4 Draft
Your Osburn stove will attain its best performance if installed with a chimney system that has proper draft.
(Draft is the force that moves air from the appliance up through the chimney and is predominantly affected
by the height and diameter of the chimney, and the stack temperatures of the stove). If you test the draft
using a pressure gauge, the reading should be between .05 - .07 inches of water column (w.c.) at a medium
high fire. (See Table 2.2). Drafts of less than .03" w.c. will cause operation difficulty while too much draft
(greater than .10" w.c.) will result in over-firing of the stove. This can result in excessive operating
temperatures. If this is the case, a manual damper may be installed in the vertical connector pipe to help
reduce excessive draft.
Figure 1.4 Connection to a Masonry Chimney (Exterior Shown)
1.5.4 Typical Types of Chimney Systems
There are basically two types of chimney systems; one employs an existing masonry chimney,
while the other employs a manufactured or factory built chimney. In either system the chimney
may be of an interior or an exterior type. The following illustrations are provided to demonstrate
the basic components required for a proper and safe installation. The components identified may
not appear exactly as those purchased – the manufacturers’ installation instructions and specified
clearance distances should always be followed in accordance with local and national installation
codes. In Canada the CSA B365 and the CSA C22.1 installation codes are to be followed. In the
USA the ANSI NFPA 70 and ANSI NFPA 211 installation codes are to be followed.
17
Figure 1.5 Connections to a Factory Built Chimney (Interior Shown)
Figure 1.6 Connection to a Factory Built Chimney (Exterior Shown)
18
Section 2.0 - Operation
2.1 Safety Information
1.
This stove is designed for safe operation WHEN BURNING CORDWOOD ONLY. Altering or
modifying the unit or installation without proper authorisation will void the certification,
warranty, and safety listing, and may result in a safety hazard.
2.
For safety reasons, never leave the unit unattended with the door open or ajar. An open
door, and especially a door partially open or cracked, if left for longer than required for
good ignition can potentially result in unsafe chimney temperatures, and if left unattended
in hot embers or ignited fuel falling out of the unit. Prolonged door open operation is not
necessary provided the unit has been properly installed and dry kindling is used to start the
fire.
3.
Do not abuse the unit, either by over firing or by using wood or combustibles with salt
content, or harmful chemicals. Misuse is not covered by warranty.
4.
Even though your Osburn has been specifically designed and tested to prevent smoke
spillage, always open the door slowly as this will minimise the likelihood of smoke spillage
or a back draft of flame or smoke into the room.
5.
Never use gasoline type lantern fuel, kerosene, solvents, charcoal lighter fluid, or
inflammable liquids to start or "freshen" a fire in the stove. Keep all such liquids well away
from the stove while it is in use.
6.
All stove surfaces become very hot during operation. Care is needed, especially with
children, to avoid contacting these surfaces.
7.
Do not elevate the fire by means of grates.
8.
CAUTION: DO NOT OVER FIRE THIS HEATER. Do not burn fuel in the stove at a rate higher
than that which will cause the ember bed level to exceed half the door opening height. If
the door handle of the stove becomes excessively hot to the touch, consider this to be an
indication of over firing. Over firing can result in a safety hazard and can permanently
damage the stove and chimney. This damage is not covered by the warranty.
9.
Although the ceramic glass is extremely durable under any normal use, a few precautions
are required. Do not attempt to push logs further into the fire by using the door, as the glass
may break if any solid object heavily contacts it.
10.
Never operate the stove with the door open, or cracked slightly open, except briefly during
19
the lighting operation, and during refuelling. Leaving the door open continuously could
seriously overheat the chimney and adjacent combustibles. Do not operate the stove if
there is an abnormal air leakage into the stove, such as through deteriorated gaskets or
cracked or broken glass. Do not operate the stove without a door gasket. Leakage can
result in overheating, or in very airtight homes, could possibly cause smoking into the
room. Smoke may contain carbon monoxide, which is poisonous, and in sufficient
quantities is a health hazard.
2.2 Fuel
1.
Fuel for the stove must not be stored closer than the required clearances to combustibles
and not in the space required for charging and ash removal.
2.
Your Osburn stove is designed to burn CORDWOOD FUEL ONLY. Do not burn coal, charcoal,
or trash in the unit. Highly flammable items such as trash may ignite creosote in the
chimney, resulting in a chimney fire. Never burn salt wood, beach wood, chemically
treated wood, or wood removed from salt water, since the deposits left will deteriorate the
firebox. Damage caused by chemicals or salt is not covered under warranty.
3.
Seasoned dense wood is recommended. Wood should be air dried in a covered ventilated
area for six months to a year or more. This reduces the moisture content of the wood,
resulting in better stove performance. Wood species with moisture content of 20% or less
are ideal. Dry seasoned wood can be distinguished from green wood by the checks or
cracks in the ends.
4.
Wet or green wood will tend to cause the fire to smoulder, producing large amounts of
creosote. Creosote buildup could result in a chimney fire. This wood will also prove
difficult to keep burning properly, and fires will tend to go out. Green wood produces very
little heat, and sometimes causes customers to think that the stove does not work. If you
must burn wet wood, use only small amounts mixed with dry wood.
5.
Decayed wood or low-density wood has very little energy content or heating value, and will
not burn satisfactorily for long periods of time.
An example of the energy values of some common wood fuels is given in Table 2.1
For recommended wood sizes, refer to the specifications.
Hardwoods
Birch
White Oak
Alder
Table 2.1 Common Heating Values of Cordwood
Million Btu/Cord
Softwoods
Million Btu/Cord
23.6
Douglas Fir
20.6
28.3
Hemlock
17.1
17.6
Jack Pine
18.4
20
2.2.1 Simple Wood Moisture Test
Add one large piece of wood to the top of an established fire. If it starts to burn on three sides.
Within one minute, it is dry and seasoned and right for burning. If it turns black and starts to
burn.
In three minutes, it is damp. If it turns black and does not start burning until after five minutes, it
Is green and wet. If it hisses at any time the wood is soaked and will not burn until excess
moisture is boiled away.
2.3 Notes About First Firing
Before firing ensure that the room is well ventilated. Curing the paint is recommended to preserve
the best quality finish. Heating the stove up too intensely on the first fire will dull and lighten the
colour on overheated areas, and cause smoke and odour to be emitted into the room. To cure the
paint, the first two fires should be burned for only about twenty minutes each.
Allow the stove to get warm only but not hot, i.e. 250o F (120o C) as measured by a stovetop
thermometer, and allow the stove to cool down. Light a third fire and burn it for about forty
minutes to 450o F (230o C) or less. Once again cool the stove to room temperature, then operate it
according to the following instructions. This extra care will result in a more durable, and uniform
finish.
2.4 Lighting A Fire
1.
Place enough crumpled balls of newspaper or other paper into the stove to cover the
bottom of the firebox.
2.
Place small dry kindling on the crumpled paper.
3.
Place larger dry kindling on top of the small kindling.
4.
Open the draft control fully to the right (located on the front of the stove, Figure 2.1)
5.
Light a fire at the bottom of the crumpled paper and close the door. If the fire tends to go
out, momentarily hold the door slightly ajar to fan the fire. As soon as the fire catches hold,
close the door.
6.
Ideally the large kindling should be burned until a thick bed of red embers is obtained. At
that point, add cordwood fuel and continue to operate the draft control wide open until the
fire is well established. Once the firebox is hot, the draft control can be partially closed by
moving the handle to the left to adjust the intensity of the fire.
21
Use Table 2.2 to adjust the draft control to the desired burn rate:
Burn Rate
Low
Medium Low
Medium High
High
Draft Setting
Move Control against the L.H. side.
Move Control right by 9/16” – 1” (14.3 – 25.4mm) from closed position.
Move Control right by 7/8” - 1 3/4” (22.2 – 44.5mm) from closed
position
Move Control against the R.H. side
Table 2.2 Draft Settings
Closing the draft control down too soon will lower combustion efficiency, and may result in creosote
build-up in the chimney (which could lead to a future chimney fire).
CAUTION: THE ADJUSTMENT RANGE SHOULD NOT BE ALTERED FOR INCREASED FIRING FOR ANY REASON.
Figure 2.1 Draft control
2.5 Maintaining The Fire
Your Osburn stove will work best if a thick bed of hot embers is maintained in the bottom of the
firebox, and a minimum of two large pieces of seasoned fuel are added. Combustion efficiency is
largely related to establishing a hot ember bed, and hot firebox temperatures. The quicker the stove
and fuel get up to operating temperature, the better. A small intense fire is preferred to a large
smouldering fire, both to improve combustion efficiency and to reduce the amount of creosote
emitted. The best performance will be obtained by adding relatively small amounts of fuel to a
well established ember bed, and then operating with the air inlet control open long enough to
achieve a hot fire. Cordwood should be placed with air in between individual pieces. Use a poker
to make an air channel in the embers below the wood, this will allow air to flow under the wood for
22
a more efficient burn.
Extended burn times can be accomplished by first operating the stove on a full load with the air
inlet controls wide open. Once the fire is well established, and the moisture has been driven out of
the wood, reduce the air control to a low setting. The unit should then burn cleanly without
smoldering. If the fire smolders without flame, re-establish a hotter fire before moving the air
control to the low setting. A yellow flame burning in the top of the firebox is a good indication of a
clean efficiently burning fire.
Refuelling technique is important for good performance. The best efficiency and performance from
your stove can be achieved by adding partial loads of fuel and allowing them to get up to operating
temperature before adding additional fuel. Adding a large amount of fuel at one time will increase
the time required to get the fuel up to its ignition temperature, and an extended time to reach
optimal performance. When refueling, open the air control or hold the door partially open 1” (25
mm) or less long enough (less than 5 minutes) so that the fire has well established flames. When
refuelling, care is required to ensure that fuel or embers do not fall out of the door opening. The
unit will burn at about 2.0 to 2.5 lb/hr (.9 to 1.1kg/hr) at its minimum setting; approximately 20 to
25 lbs (9 to 11.3kg) of wood are required for an extended burn.
2.6 (Optional) Fan Installation and Operation
1.
Allow the stove to reach operating temperature (approximately one hour), before turning on
the fan, since increased airflow from the fan will remove heat and affect the start-up
combustion efficiency.
NOTE: ENSURE THE FAN CORD IS NOT IN CONTACT WITH ANY SURFACE OF THE STOVE TO
PREVENT ELECTRICAL SHOCK OR FIRE DAMAGE. DO NOT RUN CORD BENEATH THE STOVE.
2.
Turn the fan on or off with the two speed switch located on the fan housing. The switch
settings are High, Off, and Low.
3.
Follow the installation instructions that are with the fan kit #OA10510.
Section 3.0 - Maintenance
3.1 Care And Cleaning
Clean the stove frequently so that soot, ash and creosote do not accumulate. Do not attempt to
clean the stove, glass or door when the unit is hot. Special care must be taken with Gold surfaces in
order to maintain the finish at its original brilliance. Do not use an abrasive glass cleaner which
will scratch the glass or gold finish. Use only a soft clean damp cloth on the door, since some
cleaners may remove the plating or paint.
23
3.1.1 Glass Cleaning
Under normal operation the glass is designed to stay clean. Glass cleaning may be required when
burning damp wood and/or when burning slow fires. In general if the glass is not staying clean
then the unit is being under fired. Dirty glass may be self cleaned by burning a hot fire (i.e. dry
wood and opened draft controls) for a couple of hours. Good burning techniques will result in
clean glass.
Hand clean the glass only when the fire is out and the stove is cold. A light film can usually be
cleaned with paper towel and water. If heavy cleaning is required, a ceramic glass cleaner or polish
is recommended, and should be rinsed off with water for best results.
3.2 Ash Removal Using Ash Drawer
CAUTION: ASHES CAN START FIRES, EVEN AFTER SEVERAL DAYS OF INACTIVITY. NEVER DISPOSE OF
ASHES IN A COMBUSTIBLE CONTAINER. REMOVE ASHES ONLY. WHEN STOVE AND ASHES ARE COLD
Whenever the ashes get 3 – 4” (76 – 102 mm) deep in the firebox, they should be emptied into the
Ash Drawer, using the following instructions:
1. Make sure the fire is out, and the stove is cold.
2. Lift the ash dump plug at the left rear of the firebox by hooking the poker through the loop
on the cover and lifting up.
Figure 3.1 Ash removal
3. Push the ashes through the hole and leave some ashes to cover the ash dump plug once it is
replaced. Leave an ash bed of approximately 1” deep on the firebox bottom to help maintain a
hot ember bed.
24
4. Clear the ashes from the area where the plug normally sits so that it will properly seat against
the opening edges; tap it down with your poker to ensure proper seating.
5. Cover the plug with the remaining ashes and continue operation of your stove as usual. The
Ash Drawer is shown in Figure 3.1 and can be removed by pulling it out toward you. Lift the
Ash Drawer slightly or the pedestal base may get scratched. Close the rear half of the Ash
Drawer lid to prevent spillage. Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tightly
fitting lid. This closed container should be placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground,
well away from all combustible materials, pending final disposal. Ensure the rear half of the lid
is open before replacing the Ash Drawer.
If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained
in the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled. Do not place other waste materials
in the metal ash container. If bright embers are glowing above the ash dump port during a low or
medium low fire, air may be leaking past the ash plug. If this is happening, a possible over fire
hazard exists. The stove should be shut down and allowed to cool. Properly seal the ash dump
plug to the stove.
3.3 Chimney Cleaning
Regular chimney maintenance, as well as good burning practices, are required to prevent chimney
fires. The chimney and the chimney connector pipe must be maintained in good condition and be
kept clean in order to be safe. This means that the chimney should be checked regularly for
creosote build-up. Inspection and cleaning of the chimney is facilitated by a removable baffle.
CAUTION: OPERATION OF YOUR OSBURN 1800 WITHOUT THE BAFFLE MAY CAUSE UNSAFE AND
HAZARDOUS TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS AND WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
Contact your local, municipal, state, or provincial fire authority for information on how to handle a
chimney fire before there is any chance that it may happen.
When wood (especially green wood) is burned without adequate heat or air supply, it produces
tar and other organic vapours (smoke), which combine with expelled moisture to form creosote.
The creosote vapours condense in the relatively cool chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a
result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue lining. When ignited, this creosote makes an
extremely hot fire which could be hazardous. Check frequently for creosote build-up. In the event
of a stove or chimney component failure, replace only with equipment that is equivalent to the
original, available from your Osburn dealer.
25
Your Osburn stove has been designed to reduce the amount of creosote produced. Even so, the
chimney connector pipe and chimney should be inspected at least once every two months during
the heating season to determine if a creosote build-up has occurred. If creosote has accumulated, it
should be removed to reduce the risk of chimney fire. Call a professional chimney sweep, or go to
your local Osburn dealer, purchase a chimney brush, and have the chimney cleaned.
3.4 Baffle Installation and Brick Notes
1. Stack the baffle boards (A) on top of the vermiculite boards (B) as shown in figure 3.4a .
Figure 3.4a
2. Put them on the horizontal air duct (C) (see figure 3.4b). Afterwards, push them towards the bottom
and sides so that they rest on the back of the firebox (D) and on the side air ducts.
Figure 3.4b
26
3. Install the baffle support/extension (H) ensuring that it fits between the front risers and hold it in
place. Install the front secondary air tube as show in figure 3.4c ensuring air holes face forward.
Install the cotter pins as in fig 3.4. Installing the front secondary air tube (E) will stabilize baffle
assembly during the next step.
Figure 3.4c
4. Install the middle (F) and rear (G) secondary air tubes ensuring air holes face forward. Install the
cotter pins as in fig 3.4.
All firebrick and duraboard baffles must be properly in place for correct burning operation.
Have any damaged firebricks replaced. Check the firebricks annually for damage and
replace if they are broken or damaged. See Figure 3.3 for the firebrick layout. Install the
side & back firebricks first, and then the bottom firebricks.
27
28
3.5 Secondary Air Tube Replacement
(See Figure 3.4)
1.
Remove cotter pin at LH end of tube.
2.
Slide tube to right and lower tube end below LH plenum.
3.
Slide tube to left to remove.
4.
Reassemble in reverse order using a new cotter pin. The cotter pin is a hammerlock style and
locks into place by hitting the head sharply with a hammer.
5.
Note that any tube can be replaced without disturbing the baffle.
Important Notes:
The air tubes are identified for placement as follows:
Front to back:
Tube No. 1 56 Holes of .140” diameter
Tube No. 2 56 Holes of .125” diameter
Tube No. 3 56 Holes of .125” diameter
Figure 3.4 – Secondary Air Tube replacement
29
Section 4- Troubleshooting
Symptom
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
I
Smoke in room
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Down draft
Chimney blocked
Chimney damper shut
Baffle out of position
New paint is curing
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Upgrade chimney
Clean chimney
Open or remove damper
Correctly position baffle
Refer to instructions
II
Wood burns
poorly or is slow
to start or no
heat
1.
2.
3.
Low draw
Wet or decayed wood
Blocked intake air
1.
2.
3.
Upgrade chimney
Use proper fuel
Check intake air supply by
removing ash drawer from
pedestal and opening a
window
III
Dirty glass
1.
Stove is being under fired
1.
Refer to instructions
IV
Wood burns too
fast
1.
Too much draft in
chimney
1.
Consult a qualified
technician
30
Section 5 – Specifications
Fuel Type
Cordwood
Test Standards
ULC S627 (CSA B366.2) & UL 1482 residential and mobile home.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Meets july 1990 emission standards
with average emission rate of 2.7 g/hr.
Meets AS/NZS 4013:1999 Emission Standards for hardwood fuel. Emission
factor is 15 g/Kg of dry wood.
Heat Output
Range
9,700 – 36,300 BTU/Hr (at 63% default efficiency). BTU/Hr output
will vary with usage depending on the type and condition of cord wood.
Maximum average heat output burning hardwood (Australia) 19 kW, average
efficiency – 56%.
Shipping Weight
298 lbs (135.1 kg)
Firebox Volume
1.8 ft3 (0.05 m3)
Firebox Floor Area
16.875” wide x 14.625” deep (429 mm x 371 mm)
Door Opening Size
18.375" wide x 8.625" high (467 mm wide x 219 mm high)
Maximum
Log Size
18" (457 mm) if loading sideways
16" (406 mm) if loading front to back
Flue Outlet
6" (152 mm) diameter (vertical or horizontal)
Optional
Components
- Fan Kit
- Fresh Air Kit
OA10510
OA10500
31
OSBURN LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
The warranty of the manufacturer extends only to the original consumer purchaser and is not transferable. This warranty covers
brand new products only, which have not been altered, modified nor repaired since shipment from factory. Proof of purchase (dated
bill of sale), model name and serial number must be supplied when making any warranty claim to your OSBURN dealer.
This warranty applies to normal residential use only. Damages caused by misuse, abuse, improper installation, lack of
maintenance, over firing, negligence or accident during transportation, power failures, downdrafts, or venting problems are
not covered by this warranty.
This warranty does not cover any scratch, corrosion, distortion, or discoloration. Any defect or damage caused by the use of
unauthorized parts or others than original parts void this warranty. An authorized qualified technician must perform the installation
in accordance with the instructions supplied with this product and all local and national building codes. Any service call related to
an improper installation is not covered by this warranty.
The manufacturer may require that defective products be returned or that digital pictures be provided to support the claim. Returned
products are to be shipped prepaid to the manufacturer for investigation. If a product is found to be defective, the manufacturer will
repair or replace such defect. Transportation fees to ship the product back to the purchaser will be paid by the manufacturer. Repair
work covered by the warranty, executed at the purchaser’s domicile by an authorized qualified technician requires the prior
approval of the manufacturer. Labour cost and repair work to the account of the manufacturer are based on predetermined rate
schedule and must not exceed the wholesale price of the replacement part. All parts and labour costs covered by this warranty are
limited according to the table below.
The manufacturer at its discretion may decide to repair or replace any part or unit after inspection and investigation of the defect.
The manufacturer may, at its discretion, fully discharge all obligations with respect to this warranty by refunding the wholesale
price of any warranted but defective parts. The manufacturer shall in no event be responsible for any special, indirect,
consequential damages of any nature, which are in excess of the original purchase price of the product. A one-time replacement
limit applies to all parts benefiting from a lifetime coverage. This warranty applies to products purchased after October 1st, 2011.
WARRANTY APPLICATION
PARTS
LABOUR
DESCRIPTION
Combustion chamber (welds only), castings, convector air-mate, ceramic
glass (thermal breakage only*), and secondary air tubes*.
Plating* (defective manufacture) – subject to limitations above.
Stainless steel firebox components, surrounds and heat shields, ash drawer,
steel legs, pedestal, trims (aluminum extrusions), C-Cast baffle*, and
vermiculite baffle*.
Carbon steel firebox components, glass retainers, and handle assembly.
Blowers, heat sensors, switches, rheostat, wiring, and other controls.
Paint (peeling), gaskets, insulation, firebrick, and ceramic fibre blankets.
*Pictures required
Lifetime
5 years
Lifetime
n/a
7 years
5 years
5 years
2 years
1 year
3 years
1 year
n/a
Shall your unit or a components be defective, contact immediately your OSBURN dealer. Prior to your call make sure you
have the following information necessary to your warranty claim treatment:


Your name, address and telephone number;
Bill of sale and dealer’s name;


Serial number and model name as indicated on the
nameplate fixed to the back of your unit;
Nature of the defect and any relevant information.
Before shipping your unit or defective component to our plant, you must obtain from your OSBURN dealer an
Authorization Number. Any merchandise shipped to our plant without authorization will be refused automatically and
returned to sender.
32