Item #2603
Elite 1000W PRO
™
DC to AC Pure Sine Inverter
User’s Manual
Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
INTRODUCTION
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:
Thank you for purchasing the Elite™ 1000W PRO, Wagan Tech’s pure sine wave DC
to AC power inverter. It delivers a true sine wave AC identical to that of commercial
power. Use this inverter to power AC appliances in your vehicle, at a campsite, or
at home as an emergency source of AC power. Pure sine wave AC means that your
sensitive electronics such as audio/video systems, computers, and communications
equipment will operate properly. This inverter is powered from 12 volts DC, and it
will continuously deliver 1,000 watts AC power at 115 Volts, 60 Hz.
• Keep the inverter away from any direct heat source or combustible materials.
• Keep well ventilated–this device generates heat.
• Keep the inverter away from combustible gases.
• Do not continuously operate any equipment over 1,000 watts.
• This inverter is designed to operate from a 12 volt DC power source only.
For your convenience, this inverter is supplied with a remote control and a set of
cables. The installer must install a fuse and fuse holder for battery protection. See
“Configuring Battery Bank” section.
• Do not attempt to connect the inverter to any other power source,
including any AC power source.
This Elite 1000W PRO inverter is an indispensable addition to your compliment of
mobile power equipment. With minimal care and proper treatment it will provide
years of reliable service. Please read and understand this manual before installing
and operating this inverter. Keep this manual for future use.
• Keep this inverter in a dry environment.
™
ABOUT THIS INVERTER
This power inverter converts 12 volts, direct current (12V DC) to 115 volts
alternating household current (115V AC). It easily powers TV/VCR combinations,
small microwave ovens, and refrigerators. It also operates at high efficiency (up to
90%) that results in long running time and extended battery life compared to other
inverters with this level of power output.
• Incorrect battery polarity will damage the inverter and void the warranty.
• Do not open the inverter; there are no user serviceable parts inside.
SAFETY WARNING!
The inverter output can be lethal. Improper use of this inverter may
result in property damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
This inverter has the highest surge capability in its class. Superior surge capability
of 2,000 watts allows the inverter to start most difficult motorized appliances.
Advanced microprocessor-controlled circuits run cooler and are more reliable than
competing units.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
PRODUCT FEATURES
Front Panel
The Front Panel view shows the inverters ON/OFF Switch, Indicators, AC Outlets,
USB Power Port, and Ground Terminal.
• ON/OFF Switch: This switch controls AC output of the inverter.
• Operating LED (green): When this green LED is lit, the inverter is operating
normally.
Operating LED (Green)
Digital Display
Fault Indicator LED (Red)
USB Outlet
• FAULT indicator (red): This red LED will light up as the inverter shuts down
because of: excessive temperature, overload, under-voltage, or over-voltage.
»» Immediately turn off all AC appliances if the FAULT LED is lit. Allow the
inverter to cool before continuing. Make sure that the ventilation vents are
not blocked.
»» If an inverter “shutdown” was preceded by a buzzing sound, there may
excessive load, in combination with a low voltage or cable problem.
»» Observe the Digital Display for low battery voltage. Normal operating
range is 11V to 15V DC.
• Digital Display: The digital display alternates between input voltage and output
power (kilowatts). The DC input voltage displayed is what the inverter senses
at its terminals. Low battery and excessive load for the cables can cause a low
voltage reading and inverter shutdown. Low battery is also indicated when the
audible alarm sounds. The wattage displayed for the output power is a rough
estimate of the load being applied to the inverter. A multimeter should be used
for a more accurate reading of the load.
Ground Terminal
ON/OFF Switch
AC Outlets
• USB Power Port: This USB Power Port provides 5 Volts DC to charge cell
phones, personal media players, and a host of USB powered appliances. A
user-supplied adapter cord is required to use this USB Power Port.
• Audible Alarm (internal to the inverter): When the audible alarm makes a
buzzing sound, the inverter senses a low-battery condition. The user should
reduce the AC load, charge the battery, and check the DC cable or excessive
losses.
• Ground Terminal: Grounding the inverter enclosure ensures personnel safety
should a DC cable problem occur. During the installation procedure, the
Ground Terminal is connected either to a vehicle chassis or to the negative DC
terminal of the battery. Do not directly connect this ground connection to the
negative DC terminal of the inverter. Use an insulated 10 gauge wire to make
the ground connection. If the inverter installation is located in fixed location,
the safety wire can be connected to earth’s ground.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
Remote On/OFF Switch
Rear Panel
This inverter is supplied with a 100-foot range, battery-powered, wireless remote
ON/OFF feature. To enable the Remote Switch, the front panel On/Off Switch of
the inverter must be in the “on” position.
To turn on the inverter, momentarily press “unlock” button. To turn the inverter off,
momentarily press “lock” button. If the wireless remote fails to control operation
of the inverter, you may be out of range for the radio signal—move closer to the
inverter. If the remote switch has a depleted battery, open the unit by unscrewing
the three small screws on the back side of the remote control and replace the 12
volt, 23A alkaline battery with a new one.
• Positive Terminal (red): Positive DC Input
• Negative Terminal (black): Negative DC Input
• DC Connector Guard: Protects your DC cables from accidentally touching.
• Ground Terminal: Grounding the inverter enclosure ensures personnel safety
should a DC cable problem occur. During the installation procedure, the
Ground Terminal is connected either to a vehicle chassis or to the Negative DC
Terminal of the battery. Do not directly connect this ground connection to the
negative DC terminal of the inverter. Use an insulated 10 gauge wire to make
the ground connection. If the inverter installation is located in fixed location,
the safety wire can be connected to earth’s ground.
• Cooling Fans: High-speed and temperature controlled
Positive Terminal (Red)
Cooling Fan
Retractable Antenna
On Switch
Off Switch
Sliding Cap
Retracted Antenna
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Extended Antenna
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DC Connector Guard
Negative Terminal (Black)
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
LOAD CONSIDERATIONS
When an appliance with a motor starts, it requires a momentary surge of
power. This surge of power is the “starting load” or “peak load”. Once started,
the appliance requires less power to continue to operate. This is known as the
“continuous load”. It is important to know the starting loads and the continuous
loads of the appliances that are to be powered by the inverter.
Appliance power is rated in watts. This information is usually stamped or printed on
most appliances and equipment. In some cases, a tool will be rated in amperes. To
convert from amps to watts, multiply:
Amps x 115 (AC voltage) = Watts
This formula yields an approximation of the continuous wattage load of that
appliance. The startup load of an appliance is a major factor of whether this
inverter can power it.
Startup load is momentary. With many appliances, it is approximately twice the
continuous load, but some appliance startup loads can be as high as eight times the
continuous load.
To determine if an appliance or tool will operate with this inverter, run a test. This
inverter will automatically shut down in the event of an output overload, so there is
no danger of damaging either the inverter or the equipment. When lit, a red LED
indicator signals a fault.
PLANNING THE INVERTER SYSTEM
Any large wattage inverter system requires planning before installation. There are
several steps to the planning process so the user must determine the following:
• Maximum inverter wattage required.
• Operating time (run time) needed between battery recharges.
• Battery bank capacity in amp-hours.
• Charger requirement to charge batteries within a practical time.
• Distance between battery bank and inverter.
DETERMINING MAXIMUM APPLIANCE WATTAGE
Microwave oven specifications list cooking power (watts) and appliance power.
Appliance power is the AC load the inverter has to supply. Do not exceed the
1,000 watt maximum AC load or the inverter will shut down.
Most other electrical tools, appliances, and audio/video equipment have labels
that list the unit’s power requirements in watts. If the tool or device is rated in amps,
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User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
multiply the amps by 115 (115V AC) to determine the watts. For example, a power
tool rated at 4 amps will draw 460 watts.
Remember to consider the startup surge that motorized appliances will cause. Do
not exceed the 2,000 Watt surge rating of this inverter. This can cause immediate
overload shut down.
At 1,000 watts continuous output, this inverter requires a DC power supply (battery
bank) that can continuously supply 100 amps for the duration of the run time.
CONFIGURING THE BATTERY BANK
To determine the minimum battery ampere-hour rating that you will need to operate
appliances from the inverter and any DC appliances powered by the battery bank,
follow these steps:
1. List the maximum continuous wattage that the inverter has to supply.
2. Estimate the number of hours the appliances will be in use between battery
recharges. This will vary depending on appliances. For example, a typical
home-use coffee maker draws 500 watts during its brew time of 5 minutes.
It maintains the temperature of the pot, requiring 100 watts. Typical use of
a microwave oven is only for a few minutes. Some longer operating time
appliances are lamps, TVs, computers, and refrigerator/freezers.
Determine the total watt-hours of energy needed. This is done by multiplying
average power consumption in watts by hours of run time. For example: 500 watts
for 10 hours = 5,000 watt hours. To get an estimate of the maximum current (in
amps) that a battery bank must be capable of delivering to the inverter, divide the
load watts by ten. For example a 500 watt appliance load will need 50 amps at 12
volts DC. Using the 500 watts (or 50 amps) for 10 hours example as above, then
50 amps is needed for 10 hours. This provides us with the basic amp-hours (AH) of
battery that is required. Ten hours at 50 amps equals 500 amp-hours (AH). There
are additional factors that determine actual run time. These include:
• AC appliance load and time in use (basic AH).
• Cable gauge and length (cable losses).
• Charge level of the batteries (between use, chargers have to be able
to fully charge the batteries).
• Temperature of the batteries (colder batteries provide fewer amps).
• Age and condition of the batteries (older batteries lose AH capacity).
• Compliance with turning off unnecessary AC loads.
• Use of DC appliances and compliance with turning off unnecessary
DC loads.
©2012 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
DERATING THE BATTERY BANK
Most lead-acid batteries have a rating expressed in amp-hours (AH). The most
common rating of AH is “at the 20 hour rate”.
NOTE: Despite several internet explanations, there is no relationship between cold
cranking amps (CCA) and ampere-hours (AH).
For example, if a 20 AH battery is discharged at a 1 amp rate, is will take 20
hours to discharge that battery. The terms “charged” and “discharged” relate to
actual battery voltage. This means that the output voltage of a nominal 12 volt
battery starts at 13.4 volts (fully charged) then drops to 10.7 volts (discharged). If
the load on the battery causes the battery to discharge faster than the 20 hour rate,
the capacity (AH) of the battery is measurably reduced (derated). In heavy battery
discharge applications, double the estimated Amp Hour rating and configure
batteries to support this capacity. If the batteries are frequently charged by an
alternator, the Amp Hour rating of the battery may be reduced.
CONFIGURING THE BATTERY BANK
Batteries that are used indoors or inside a vehicle or vessel, should be deep-cycle,
sealed lead acid batteries.
NOTE: It is important that for any inverter installation to battery protection fuses.
Battery fuses are added to the positive (+) battery cable as close as possible to
the battery bank’s positive terminal. The fuse amperage rating must be sized to
allow simultaneous operation of all the AC appliances to be powered, plus 20
percent safety factor. Fuses are very important to protect equipment, batteries, and
personnel. The fuses protect against battery explosion if the cables that connect to
the inverter accidentally short.
BATTERY BANK DIAGRAM
The diagram below shows inverter connections to a battery bank with
recommended fuse protection.
WARNING—Exploding Batteries!!
Exploding batteries can spray molten lead, hot sulfuric acid, and other metal,
and plastic fragments. Batteries that are charging or under high discharge
rates produce explosive hydrogen gas into the surrounding area. Be safe–fuse
the battery bank and make sure the batteries are properly ventilated.
DC CABLE GAUGE
Minimize cable losses by using the thickest wire available and the shortest practical
length.
Measure Round Trip (RT) cable distances in feet. Round Trip cable distance is
battery to inverter and back to battery. If the application is in a vehicle with engine
operating, use the supplied cables for round trip distances up to 5 feet.
Use a recommended ANL fuse and Fuse holder. Fuse at 125 to 150 Amps. ANL
are quick acting and sealed so they do not spark when they blow. Place fuse no
more than one foot from the Positive (+) terminal of the battery.
RT Length
Up to 2 Ft
3-4 Ft
5-6 Ft
7-9 Ft
14-16 Ft
6
4
2
0
0
AWG
If the inverter and the battery are positioned within four feet of each other, a
minimum of 7AWG insulated copper wire should be used to make the connections.
If the distance is longer than 32 inches (2.6 ft), heavier wire will be required.
CONNECTING THE INVERTER
Loose connections will result in a severe voltage drop that can cause damage to
connectors, conductors, and insulation and can cause sparking. Reverse polarity
connection will blow the fuses in the inverter and can permanently damage to the
inverter. Damage caused by reverse polarity will void the warranty.
Installation Procedure:
1. Mount the inverter in a secure location. If the inverter is to be mounted on a
wall, mount it horizontally. Make sure that the front and rear of the inverter has
free air flow.
Fuse
Battery Bank
2. Make sure the cables are the proper gauge and have the fuse holder as close
to the battery bank’s Positive (red) terminal.
3. Install the fuse in the Positive (red) cable.
4. Make sure the ON/OFF switch located on the front panel of the inverter is in
the OFF (O) position.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
5. Locate the ground lug terminal on the inverter. Connect an insulated 10 gauge
copper wire to the terminal. The other end of the ground wire is connected to
a “proper” grounding point. Use the shortest practical length of wire. Connect
this wire to the chassis of your vehicle or to the grounding system in your boat.
In a city, the ground wire can connect to a metal cold water pipe that goes
underground. In remote locations, the ground wire can be connected to an
“earth ground”. This can be an attachment to a foot long copper clad metal
rod driven into the ground. In the unlikely event of a short circuit, operating the
inverter without proper grounding can result in electrical shock. Do not directly
connect this ground wire to the Negative (black) DC Terminal of the inverter. As
an alternative grounding connection, use the Negative (black) terminal of the
battery.
NOTE: Crimp-on ring terminals are required on all cable ends. The cable ends
need to be stripped of insulation for 1/2 inch before crimping on ring terminals.
Select a crimp terminal size to fit the gauge cable and inverter and battery
terminal connectors. After crimping make sure that the cable connectors are
secure on the cables so there are no loose connections.
6. Connect the Negative (black) cable end to the inverter terminal and battery
Negative Terminal. Make sure you have good, secure connections.
7. Recheck and make sure the DC cable fuse is installed in the fuse holder.
CAUTION: Making an initial connection between the positive cable end and
the inverter’s positive terminal may cause a spark. This is a normal and is a
result of capacitors in the inverter starting to charge. Because of the possibility
of sparking, it is extremely important that both the inverter and the battery
bank be positioned away from any source of flammable fumes or gases.
Failure to heed this warning can result in fire or explosion. Do not make
the positive terminal connection immediately after the batteries have been
charging. Allow time for the battery gasses to vent to outside air.
8. Attach the positive cable to the Positive DC connector on the battery and then
the inverter. Make sure the connections are tight and secure.
9. Turn ON the inverter from the Front Panel On/OFF Switch
10.M ake certain that the green Operating LED is lit and the FAULT LED indicator is
not lit.
11.Turn OFF (O) the inverter. The Fault LED may briefly “flash”. This is normal. The
audible alarm may also sound a short “chirp”. This is also normal.
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
13.Turn the inverter on.
14.Check operation of the Remote Switch. Press “lock” to turn off the inverter.
15.Press the “unlock” button to turn on the inverter.
16.Turn the appliance on. The appliance should begin working.
17.Observe the LED indicators and the digital display for normal operation.
Note: If an extension cord is used from the inverter to the appliance, limit the
extension cord length to 100 feet or less. Make sure that the cord is safety
approved and AWG 14 or greater to carry the appliance load. Remember that
extension cords are for temporary use.
CHARGING THE BATTERY BANK
It is not the purpose of this inverter user’s guide to provide detailed information
regarding battery charging systems. However, the user should try to augment any
stationary inverter charging system with either wind power or solar power. These
can continue to operate during power outages and they also reduce recharge time.
For mobile or marine charging systems, a higher rated alternator may be necessary
to charge a battery bank.
REGULAR LOSS OF COMMERCIAL POWER
If the inverter system is used during commercial power outages that occur daily,
configure the charger system to replace energy during the time that commercial
power is available.
Replacement of battery energy always requires more than was taken from the
battery (typically 30 percent more). Follow battery manufacturer’s recommendations
for maximum charging current.
WARNING: There is danger of explosion. DO NOT connect or disconnect charger
cables directly after battery discharge or recharge—make sure that the battery
bank area is well vented before attaching or removing cables.
If the flooded lead acid batteries are used, be sure that periodic checks of battery
electrolyte levels are accomplished. Follow battery manufacturer’s instructions in
keeping the electrolytes at the proper level. Be sure to use pure distilled water when
replacing evaporated electrolyte liquid.
12.When you have confirmed that the appliance to be operated is turned off, plug
the appliance into one of the two AC outlets on the front panel of the inverter.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
OPERATING ISSUES
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
PROBLEM: Continuous Buzzing Sound – Display Shows Low Voltage
(Television and Audio Equipment Suggestions.)
Reason
Solution
Although all inverters are shielded and filtered to minimize signal interference, some
interference with your television picture may be unavoidable, especially with weak
signals. However, here are some suggestions that may improve reception.
Input voltage below 11 Volts
Keep input voltage above 11 Volts
Poor or weak battery condition.
Recharge or replace battery.
Poor or loose cable connection
Inspect terminals and tighten all connections.
Inadequate power being delivered to the
inverter or excessive voltage drop.
Use heavier gauge DC cable.
Keep cable length as short as possible.
• Make sure that the television antenna produces a clear signal under normal
operating conditions (i.e. at home plugged into a standard 115V AC wall
outlet). Also ensure that the antenna cable is properly shielded and of good
quality.
• Sometimes vehicle alternators produce some electrical noise. There are filters
available to mount on the alternator to reduce noise.
• Change the positions of the inverter, antenna cables, and television
power cord.
DISPOSAL/RECYCLING OF INVERTER
Electronic products are known to contain materials that are toxic if improperly
disposed. Contact local authorities for disposal and recycling information.
• Isolate the television, its power cord and antenna cables from the 12 volt
power source by running an extension cord from the inverter to the television
set.
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM: Low or No Output Voltage – Fault LED Lit
Reason
Solution
Poor contact with battery or inverter terminals.
Clean terminals thoroughly. Reinstall and tighten.
PROBLEM: Inverter is Shut Down – Fault LED Lit
Reason
Solution
Battery voltage below 10.4 Volts
Charge or replace battery.
Inverter is too hot (thermal shut down mode).
Allow inverter to cool.
Check for adequate ventilation.
Reduce the load on the inverter to rated continuous
power output.
Unit may be defective.
See warranty and call customer service.
PROBLEM: Inverter Shut Down – Fault LED Lit – Display shows overload
13
Reason
Solution
Equipment being operated draws too much power.
Use a higher capacity inverter or do not use this
equipment.
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Elite™ 1000W PRO by Wagan Tech®
SPECIFICATIONS*
• Output Waveform: True Sine Waveform
• Input: 11V–15V DC
• Output: 110V–120V
• TrueRated Power™ (24-hour continuous): 1,000 watts
• Peak Surge: 2,000 watts
• Efficiency: ~ 90%
• Frequency: 60Hz
• Total Harmonic Distortion (THD): < 3%
• No Load Current Draw: 0.6A
• Battery Low Alarm: 10.5V ± 0.5V DC
• Battery Low Shutdown: 9.5V ± 0.5V DC
• Over Voltage Shutdown: 15.5V ± 0.5V DC
• Cooling Fan: controlled by temperature
• AC Output Sockets: 2 North American (NEMA 5-15), GFCI
• True Ground
• USB Power Port: 2.1A, 5V ± 0.25V
• Power Switch: DC input ON/OFF control
• Digital Status Display
• Dimensions: 13.4 in. x 8.1 in. x 3.5 in. (34.0 cm x 20.5 cm x 9.0 cm)
• Net Weight: 9.3 lbs (4.2 kg)
*All specifications are typical, at half load, 77ºF (25ºC) and 13.5V DC input unless
otherwise noted. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
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WAGAN Corp. Limited Warranty
The WAGAN Corp. warranty is limited to products sold only in the United States.
All Wagan Tech products must be registered within (30) days of purchase to activate
its warranty. To register your product, please visit http://tinyurl.com/waganwarranty.
Be sure to keep the original receipt as it will be required when returning a product
under the warranty.
Warranty Duration: This product is warranted to the original purchaser for a period
of two (2) years from the original purchase date, to be free of defects in material
and workmanship. WAGAN Corporation disclaims any liability for consequential
damages. In no event will WAGAN Corporation be responsible for any amount of
damages beyond the amount paid for the product at retail.
Warranty Performance: During the above two (2) year warranty period, a product
with a defect will be replaced with a comparable model when the product is
returned to WAGAN Corporation with an original store receipt. The replacement
product will be in warranty for the balance of the original two (2) year warranty
period.
To return a defective item, please contact WAGAN Corporation at (800) 2315806 to obtain a Returned Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#), and return
instructions. Each item returned will require a separate RMA#. After you have
received the RMA# and the return instructions from WAGAN Corporation, please
follow the instructions and send the item with PREPAID SHIPPING, along with all of
the required documentation, a complete explanation of the problem, your name,
address and daytime phone number. WAGAN Corporation will, at its option,
replace or repair the defective part.
A Returned Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#) is REQUIRED when sending
in any defective item. WAGAN Corporation is not responsible for any item(s)
returned without an official Returned Merchandise Authorization number. The item(s)
must be returned with prepaid shipping. WAGAN Corporation is not responsible
for any shipping charges incurred in returning the item(s) back to the company
for repair or replacement. This warranty is void if the product has been damaged
by accident, in shipment, unreasonable use, misuse, neglect, improper service,
commercial use, repairs by unauthorized personnel or other causes not arising out
of defects in materials or workmanship. This warranty does not extend to any units
which have been used in violation of written instructions furnished.
Warranty Disclaimers: This warranty is in lieu of all warranties expressed or
implied and no representative or person is authorized to assume any other liability
in connection with the sale of our products. There shall be no claims for defects
or failure of performance or product failure under any theory of tort, contract or
commercial law including, but not limited to negligence, gross negligence, strict
liability, breach of warranty and breach of contract.
©2008 WAGAN Corp. REV2012
31088 San Clemente Street
Hayward, CA 94544, U.S.A.
Tel: + 1.510.471.9221
U.S. & Canada Toll Free: 1.800.231.5806
customerservice@wagan.com
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REV20121024