Baby Lock A-LINE Grace BL40 Specifications

CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING
OUR MACHINE
Your machine is the most advanced computerized household sewing machine.
To fully enjoy all the features incorporated, we suggest that you study the manual.
PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation
1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts.
2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when:
•
•
•
•
•
Operation is completed
Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts
A power failure occurs during use
Maintaining the machine
Leaving the machine unattended.
3. Do not store anything on the foot controller.
4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords.
For a longer service life
1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
3. Do not drop or hit the machine.
4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser
feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
For repair or adjustment
In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in
the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists,
please consult your local authorized Baby Lock retailer.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.babylock.com
Important Safety Instructions
Please read these safety instructions before attempting to use the machine.
This machine is intended for household use.
DANGER - To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using, when cleaning,
when making any user servicing adjustments mentioned in this manual, or if you are leaving the
machine unattended.
WARNING - To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
2 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or
when making any adjustments mentioned in the instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off, then grasp
the plug and pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet. Do not use an extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the power is cut.
3 Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or water is spilled on the unit. Return the machine to the nearest
authorized retailer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
While the machine is stored or in use if you notice anything unusual, such as an odor, heat,
discoloration or deformation, stop using the machine immediately and unplug the power cord.
When transporting the sewing machine, be sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting the sewing
machine by any other part may damage the machine or result in the machine falling, which could
cause injuries.
When lifting the sewing machine, be careful not to make any sudden or careless movements,
otherwise you may injure your back or knees.
1
4 Always keep your work area clear:
• Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
sewing machine and foot control free from the build up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
• Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat source, such as a stove or iron; otherwise, the machine,
power cord or garment being sewn may ignite, resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this sewing machine on an unstable surface, such as an unsteady or slanted table,
otherwise the sewing machine may fall, resulting in injuries.
5 Special care is required when sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the needle. Do not use bent or damaged needles.
• Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
• Switch the sewing machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off when making any adjustments
in the needle area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect needle plate, as it could cause the needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when sewing, and follow careful instruction when freehand stitching
so that you do not deflect the needle and cause it to break.
6 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.
• The plastic bag that this sewing machine was supplied in should be kept out of the reach of
children or disposed of. Never allow children to play with the bag due to the danger of
suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
7 For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet,
needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
2
8 For repair or adjustment:
• If the Light unit (light-emitting diode) is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized retailer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table
in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem
persists, please consult your local authorized Baby Lock retailer.
Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
Save these instructions.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information, visit our web site at www.babylock.com
3
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Contents
Important Safety Instructions .............................................................................................. 1
Contents .............................................................................................................................. 4
Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 6
Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions ..................................................................... 6
Machine ............................................................................................................................................................ 6
Needle and presser foot section ...................................................................................................................... 7
Operation buttons ............................................................................................................................................. 7
Operation panel ................................................................................................................................................ 8
Flat bed attachment ......................................................................................................................................... 8
Accessories .......................................................................................................................... 9
Included accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 9
Optional accessories ...................................................................................................................................... 10
1. GETTING READY ..........................................................................................11
Turning the Machine On/Off .............................................................................................11
Power supply precautions .............................................................................................................................. 11
Turning on the machine ................................................................................................................................. 12
Turning off the machine ................................................................................................................................. 12
Preparing for Upper and Lower Threading ........................................................................ 13
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 13
Installing the bobbin ....................................................................................................................................... 16
Threading the upper thread ............................................................................................................................ 18
Using the twin needle ..................................................................................................................................... 23
Replacing the Needle ........................................................................................................25
Needle precautions ........................................................................................................................................ 25
Needle types and their uses ........................................................................................................................... 26
Checking the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 27
Replacing the needle ..................................................................................................................................... 27
Replacing the Presser Foot ................................................................................................29
Presser foot precautions ................................................................................................................................ 29
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................. 29
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................. 30
Using the optional walking foot ...................................................................................................................... 31
Useful Functions ................................................................................................................33
Changing the needle stop position ................................................................................................................. 33
Changing the initial needle position ............................................................................................................... 34
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces ....................................................................................35
Stitching cylindrical pieces ............................................................................................................................. 35
Sewing large pieces of fabric ......................................................................................................................... 35
2. SEWING BASICS ...........................................................................................37
Starting to Sew .................................................................................................................. 37
Sewing procedure .......................................................................................................................................... 37
Selecting a stitch ............................................................................................................................................ 38
Adjusting the stitch length and width .............................................................................................................. 38
Positioning the fabric ...................................................................................................................................... 39
Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................... 40
Securing the stitching ..................................................................................................................................... 42
Cutting the thread ........................................................................................................................................... 44
Automatically sewing reverse/reinforcement stitches .................................................................................... 44
Adjusting the thread tension ........................................................................................................................... 45
4
Useful Sewing Tips ............................................................................................................46
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 46
Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................... 46
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................ 46
Sewing thick fabrics ....................................................................................................................................... 46
Sewing thin fabrics ......................................................................................................................................... 47
Sewing stretch fabrics .................................................................................................................................... 47
Pulling up the bobbin thread .......................................................................................................................... 48
3. UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................49
Overcasting .......................................................................................................................49
Sewing overcasting stitches using zigzag foot “J” .......................................................................................... 50
Sewing overcasting stitches using overcasting foot “G” ................................................................................. 50
Basic Stitching ...................................................................................................................51
Blind Hem Stitching ..........................................................................................................52
Buttonhole Stitching ..........................................................................................................54
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 59
Zipper Insertion .................................................................................................................61
Inserting a centered zipper ............................................................................................................................. 61
Inserting a side zipper .................................................................................................................................... 62
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape ............................................................................65
Stretch stitching .............................................................................................................................................. 65
Elastic attaching ............................................................................................................................................. 65
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching ..........................................................................67
Appliqué stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 68
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 68
Piecing ........................................................................................................................................................... 69
Quilting ........................................................................................................................................................... 69
Free-motion quilting ....................................................................................................................................... 70
Reinforcement Stitching ....................................................................................................72
Triple stretch stitching .................................................................................................................................... 72
Bar tack stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 73
Decorative stitching ..........................................................................................................75
Fagoting ......................................................................................................................................................... 76
Scallop stitching ............................................................................................................................................. 76
Smocking ....................................................................................................................................................... 77
Shell tuck stitching ......................................................................................................................................... 77
Joining ............................................................................................................................................................ 78
Heirloom stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 78
Using the side cutter (optional) ...................................................................................................................... 81
4. APPENDIX .....................................................................................................85
Stitch settings ....................................................................................................................85
Utility stitches ................................................................................................................................................. 85
Maintenance ......................................................................................................................89
Cleaning the machine surface ........................................................................................................................ 89
Cleaning the race ........................................................................................................................................... 89
Removing the needle plate ............................................................................................................................ 90
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................91
Error messages ...................................................................................................................95
Operation beep .................................................................................................................96
Canceling the operation beep ........................................................................................................................ 96
Index ................................................................................................................................. 97
5
Introduction
Thank you for choosing this product.
Before using this sewing machine, carefully read “Important Safety Instructions”, and then study this manual for
the correct operation of the various functions.
In addition, after you have finished reading this manual, store it where it can quickly be accessed for future
reference.
Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions
Machine
a Bobbin winder (page 13)
Use the bobbin winder when winding the bobbin.
b Spool pin (page 13, 18)
Place a spool of thread on the spool pin.
c Thread tension dial (page 45)
Use the thread tension dial to adjust the tension of the
upper thread.
d Bobbin-winding thread guide and pretension disc
(page 13)
Pass the thread under this thread guide and around the
pretension disc when winding the bobbin thread.
e Thread take-up lever (page 21)
Slide the thread into the thread take-up lever from the
right side of slot to the left side of slot.
f Thread cutter (page 44)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
g Flat bed attachment (page 8, 9, 35)
Store presser feet and bobbins in the flat bed
attachment. Remove the flat bed attachment when
sewing cylindrical pieces such as sleeve cuffs.
h Operation buttons and sewing speed controller
(page 7)
Use these buttons and the slide to operate the sewing
machine.
i Operation panel (page 8)
Use to select stitches and various other stitch settings.
j Pattern selection dial (page 38)
Use to select the pattern to sew.
6
k Handwheel
Turn the handwheel toward you to sew one stitch or to
raise or lower the needle.
l Main power switch (page 12)
Use this switch to turn the sewing machine on and off.
m Power supply jack (page 12)
Insert the plug on the power cord into the power supply
jack.
n Foot controller jack (page 41)
Insert the plug on the end of the foot controller cable
into the foot controller jack.
o Feed dog position switch (page 71)
Use this switch to lower the feed dogs.
p Presser foot lever (page 18)
Raise and lower this lever to raise and lower the presser
foot.
q Thread guide (page 14)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
r Thread guide cover (page 14)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
s Air vent
This vent allows the air surrounding the motor to
circulate.
t Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle when
transporting the machine.
Needle and presser foot section
a Needle threader lever
Use the needle threader to thread the needle.
b Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
c Presser foot holder
The presser foot is attached to the presser foot holder.
d Presser foot holder screw
Use the presser foot holder screw to hold the presser
foot holder in place.
e Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure to the fabric during
sewing. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the
selected stitch.
f Needle plate cover
Remove the needle plate cover to clean the bobbin case
and race.
g Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric.
h Quick-set bobbin
Begin sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread.
i Bobbin cover
Remove the bobbin cover and then insert the bobbin
into the bobbin case.
j Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides to help sew
straight seams.
k Needle bar thread guide
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread
guide.
l Presser foot lever
Raise and lower this lever to raise and lower the presser
foot.
m Needle clamp screw
Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
a Start/stop button
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a low speed at the beginning of sewing
while the button is continuously pressed. When sewing
is stopped, the needle is lowered into the fabric. For
details, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 40).
b Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches or reinforcement stitches. Reverse
stitches are sewn by keeping the button pressed down to
sew in the opposite direction. Reinforcement stitches
are sewn by sewing 3 to 5 stitches on top of each other.
For details, refer to“Securing the stitching” (page 42).
c Needle position button
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Pressing the button twice sews one stitch.
d Sewing speed controller
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or right to
adjust the sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to reduce
the sewing speed, or slide the speed controller to the
right to increase the sewing speed.
7
Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front of the
sewing machine, allows you to select a stitch and
specify how the stitch will be sewn.
a LCD (liquid crystal display)
The number of the selected stitch (1), the presser foot
to be used (2), the stitch length (mm) (3), and the
stitch width (mm) (4) are displayed here.
b Stitch length key (page 38)
Use to adjust the length of the stitch. (Press the “–” side
for a shorter stitch length, or press the “+” side for a
longer stitch length.)
c Stitch width key (page 39)
Use to adjust the width of the stitch. (Press the “–” side
for a more narrow stitch width, or press the “+” side for
a wider stitch width.)
d Automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key (page 44)
The sewing machine can be set to automatically sew
reverse or reinforcement stitches at the beginning and
end of the stitching.
e Needle mode selection key (single/twin) (page 23)
Press this key to select the twin needle sewing setting.
Each time this key is pressed, the setting switches
between that for single needle sewing and for twin
needle sewing.
8
Flat bed attachment
The accessories are stored in the storage space in the
flat bed attachment.
a toward you to open the storage space.
Swing the lid of the flat bed attachment
a
b
a Flat bed attachment
b Accessory compartment
X The bag of accessories is in the storage
space.
Note
● Place the accessories in the bag before
storing them in the flat bed attachment. If the
accessories are not placed in the accessory
bag when stored in the flat bed attachment,
accessories may fall out and be lost or
damaged.
Accessories
After opening the box, check that the following accessories are included. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your retailer.
Included accessories
The following items should also be included in the box.
Note
(For U.S.A. only)
● Foot controller: Model T
This foot controller can be used on this machine
model BL40.
● The screw for the presser foot holder is available
through your authorized retailer.
(Part code: XA4813-051)
1.
2.
3.
4.
13.
10.*
11.
12.
19.
20.
21.
26.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
22.
23.
24.
25.
27.
* 75/11 2 needles
90/14 2 needles
90/14 2 needles: Ball point needle (gold colored)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Part Name
Buttonhole foot “A”
Overcasting foot “G”
Monogramming foot “N”
Zipper foot “I”
Zigzag foot “J” (on machine)
Blind stitch foot “R”
Button fitting foot “M”
Seam ripper
Bobbin (4)
Needle set
Twin needle
Cleaning brush
Eyelet punch
Screwdriver (large)
Part Code
XC2691-033
XC3098-031
XD0810-031
X59370-021
XC3021-051
X56409-051
130489-001
X54243-051
X52800-120
X58358-021
X59296-121
X59476-021
135793-001
XC8349-051
No.
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
Part Name
Screwdriver (small)
Spool cap (large)
Spool cap (medium)
Spool cap (small)
Extra spool pin
Spool net
Foot controller
Operation manual
Quick reference guide
Accessory bag
Disc-shaped screwdriver
Soft cover
Power cord
Part Code
X55648-051
130012-054
XE1372-001
130013-154
XE2241-001
XA5523-020
XC8816-021
XE4568-001
XE2429-001
XC4487-021
XC1074-051
XC1103-022
XC6052-021
9
Optional accessories
The following are available as optional accessories.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Part Name
Side cutter
Quilting guide
Extension table
Walking foot
Quilting foot
Adjustable zipper/piping foot
Part Code
FA10
FA11
BL40-ET
BLG-WF
FA2
FA9
No.
7
8
9
10
11
Part Name
Non stick foot
Open toe foot
Stitch guide foot “P”
1/4 inch quilting foot
1/4 inch quilting foot with
guide
Part Code
FA8
FA7
FA6
FA1
ESG-QGF
Memo
● All specifications are correct at the time of printing. The part codes are subject to change without
notice.
● Visit your Baby Lock retailer for a complete listing of optional accessories available for your machine.
10
1 GETTING READY
1
Turning the Machine On/Off
This section explains how to turn the sewing machine on and off.
Power supply precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
WARNING
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may
result in fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and
the power supply jack on the machine.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
•
•
•
•
•
When you are away from the machine
After using the machine
When the power fails during use
When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
During electrical storms
CAUTION
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to
them. Fire or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to
remove it from the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric
shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted,
or bundled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These
things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged,
take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may
result.
11
GETTING READY—
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Turning on the machine
Prepare the included power cord.
a off (the main power switch is set to “
Make sure that the sewing machine is turned
”),
and then plug the power cord into the power
supply jack on the right side of the machine.
Insert the plug of the power cord into a
b household electrical outlet.
Turning off the machine
When you are finished using the sewing machine,
turn it off. In addition, before transporting the sewing
machine to another location, be sure to turn it off.
a
Make sure that the machine is not sewing.
b the right side of the machine (set it to “
Press the left side of the main power switch on
”).
X The sewing lamp and the LCD go off
when the machine is turned off.
c outlet.
Unplug the power cord from the electrical
a Main power switch
b Power cord
c on the right side of the machine (set it to “|”).
Press the right side of the main power switch
Grasp the plug when unplugging the power
cord.
d supply jack.
Unplug the power cord from the power
Note
X The sewing lamp and the LCD come on
when the machine is turned on.
12
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
cord. When restarting the sewing machine,
follow the necessary procedure to correctly
operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electrical shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If
the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug. If it still does not fit,
contact a qualified electrician to install the
proper outlet. Do not modify the plug in any
way.
Preparing for Upper and Lower Threading
Winding the bobbin
1
Wind the thread onto the bobbin.
a Hook of the
bobbin-winding
thread guide
b Pretention disk
c Bobbin winder
shaft
d Bobbin
CAUTION
● The included bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. The machine will not operate
correctly if older model bobbins, which have a different thickness, are used. Use only the enclosed
bobbin or bobbins of the same type. Using a bobbin other than the one designed specifically for this
machine may result in injuries or damage to the machine.
a This model
c
b Other model
c 11.5 mm (7/16 inch)
(actual size)
a
b
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
d spool cap.
Swing up the spool pin, and then remove the
a
b
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
b so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
notch in the bobbin.
a
b
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
e onto the spool pin.
Fully insert the spool of thread for the bobbin
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
a Notch
b Bobbin winder shaft spring
c it snaps into place.
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right until
CAUTION
● If the spool is not positioned so that the thread
unwinds correctly, the thread may become
tangled around the spool pin.
13
GETTING READY—
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f With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
g the thread under the thread guide.
Pull some thread off the spool, and then pass
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
b
c
1
a Thread guide
h from the back to the front.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
● When using thread that winds off quickly,
such as transparent nylon thread or metallic
thread, place the spool net over the spool
before placing the spool of thread onto the
spool pin.
If the spool net is too long, fold it to fit the
size of the spool.
When the spool net is used, the tension of
the upper thread will slightly increase. Be
sure to check the thread tension. For details,
refer to “Adjusting the thread tension”
(page 45).
1
a
a Thread guide cover
i bobbin-winding thread guide, and then wind
Pull the thread, pass it under the hook of the
the thread counterclockwise between the
discs, pulling it in as far as possible.
2
a Hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide
b Pretension disk
3
4
a
b
c
d
14
Spool net
Spool
Spool cap
Spool pin
j that was passed through the bobbin-winding
While using your left hand to hold the thread
thread guide, use your right hand to wind the
end of the thread clockwise around the
bobbin five or six times.
k the bobbin winder seat, and then pull the
Pass the end of the thread through the slit in
thread to the right to cut it.
a
a Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in
cutter)
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
CAUTION
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If the
bobbin is wound without cutting the thread
using the cutter built into the slit in the
bobbin winder seat, the bobbin may not be
wound correctly. In addition, the thread may
become tangled in the bobbin or the needle
may bend or break when the bobbin thread
starts to run out.
l to increase the bobbin winding speed and
m
Press
(start/stop button) once.
X The bobbin starts spinning and the
thread is wound around the bobbin.
1
a Start/stop button
n press
When the bobbin winding becomes slow,
(start/stop button) once to stop the
machine.
CAUTION
● When the bobbin winding becomes slow, stop
the machine, otherwise the sewing machine
may be damaged.
o to the left, and then remove the bobbin from
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
the shaft.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
slide to left to decrease.
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle cannot move (sewing is not
possible) while the bobbin winder shaft is
moved to the right.
a Sewing speed controller
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b
Installing the bobbin
Turn off the sewing machine (set it to “
”).
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
CAUTION
● Use a bobbin that has been correctly wound,
otherwise the needle may break or the thread
tension will be incorrect.
c cover to the right, and then remove the
Slide the latch on the right side of the bobbin
bobbin cover.
a
● The included bobbin was designed specifically
for this sewing machine. The machine will not
operate correctly if older model bobbins,
which have a different thickness, are used.
Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of
the same type. Using a bobbin other than the
one designed specifically for this machine
may result in injuries or damage to the
machine.
b
a Bobbin cover
b Latch
d the thread unrolls to the left side, and then
Insert the bobbin with your right hand so that
pull the thread firmly under the tab with your
left hand.
c
a
b
a This model
b Other model
c 11.5 mm (7/16 inch) (actual size)
● Before installing the bobbin or replacing the
needle, be sure to turn off the sewing
machine, otherwise injuries may occur if the
start/stop button is accidentally pressed and
the machine starts sewing.
a twice to raise the needle, and then raise the
Press
(needle position button) once or
presser foot lever.
a Needle position button
16
a
a Tab
CAUTION
● Be sure to hold down the bobbin with your
finger and install the bobbin so that the thread
unwinds in the correct direction, otherwise
the needle may break or the thread tension
will be incorrect.
e hand, and guide the thread through the slot,
Lightly hold down the bobbin with your right
and then pull it toward you to cut it with the
cutter.
f Insert the tab in the lower-left corner of the
Reattach the bobbin cover.
bobbin cover (A), and then press down on the
right side (B).
1
B
a
A
b
Memo
a Slot
b Cutter
X The cutter cuts the thread.
• Make sure that the thread is correctly passed
through the flat spring of the bobbin case. If
it is not inserted correctly, reinstall the
bobbin.
● You can begin sewing without pulling up
the bobbin thread. If you wish to pull up the
bobbin thread before starting to sew, finish
threading the machine, and then pull up the
thread according to the procedure in
“Pulling up the bobbin thread” (page 48).
a
a Flat spring
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread is
indicated by marks around the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
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Threading the upper thread
In this section, the procedures for installing the spool for the upper thread and threading the needle are
described.
b
a
a Spool pin
b Mark on handwheel
CAUTION
● When threading the machine, carefully follow the instructions. If the upper threading is not performed
correctly, the thread may become tangled and the needle may bend or break.
● The needle threader can be used with sewing machine needles 75/11 through 100/16.
● Use appropriate thread and needle combinations. For details on appropriate needle and thread
combinations, refer to “Needle types and their uses” (page 26).
● Thread with a thickness of 130/20 or thicker cannot be used with the needle threader.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the wing needle or the twin needle.
● If the needle threader cannot be used, refer to “Manually threading the needle” (page 22).
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
b
Raise the presser foot lever.
a
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
18
c twice to raise the needle.
Press
(needle position button) once or
e onto the spool pin
Fully insert the spool for the upper thread
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
a Needle position button
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine cannot be threaded. Check
that the mark on the handwheel points up as
shown in the illustration below. If the
handwheel is not in this position, be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before continuing the procedure.
CAUTION
● If the spool is not positioned so that the
thread unwinds correctly, the thread may
become tangled around the spool pin and the
thread or needle may break.
● If the spool cap that is used is smaller than the
spool, the thread may catch, for example, on
the notch in the spool, or the needle may
break.
a
a Mark on handwheel
d spool cap.
Swing up the spool pin, and then remove the
a
b
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
19
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f
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
g the thread under the thread guide.
Pull some thread off the spool, and then pass
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
b
c
1
a Thread guide
h from the back to the front.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
● When using thread that winds off quickly,
such as transparent nylon thread or metallic
thread, place the spool net over the spool
before placing the spool of thread onto the
spool pin.
If the spool net is too long, fold it to fit the
size of the spool.
When the spool net is used, the tension of
the upper thread will slightly increase. Be
sure to check the thread tension. For details,
refer to “Adjusting the thread tension”
(page 45).
1
2
3
4
a
b
c
d
20
Spool net
Spool
Spool cap
Spool pin
a
a Thread guide cover
i along the path indicated by the number on the
Thread the machine by guiding the thread
machine.
j from the right to the left.
Slide the thread into the thread take-up lever
m hook the thread onto the guide.
While lowering the needle threader lever,
a
1
a Thread take-up lever
Memo
● If the needle is not raised, the thread takeup lever cannot be threaded. Be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before threading the thread take-up
lever.
a Needle threader
b Thread
c Guide
k guide.
Pass the thread behind the needle bar thread
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
n
Catch the thread on the hook as shown below.
a
a Needle threader lever
a
a Needle bar thread guide
l
Lower the presser foot lever.
o the end of the thread which passed through
Raise the needle threader lever, and then pull
the eye of the needle.
a
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● Be careful not to pull on the thread with force
or it may bend the needle.
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p the thread through the presser foot, and then
Raise the presser foot lever, pass the end of
d
Raise the presser foot lever.
pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread
toward the rear of the machine.
a
a Presser foot lever
a
e foot, and then pull out about 5 cm (2 inches)
Pass the end of the thread through the presser
a 5 cm (2 inches)
X The upper threading is finished.
of thread toward the rear of the machine.
■ Manually threading the needle
If the needle threader cannot be used, thread the
needle as described below.
Thread the machine to the needle bar thread
a guide, as described in steps a through k of
“Threading the upper thread”, and then lower
the presser foot lever.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the sewing machine,
otherwise injuries may occur if the start/stop
button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
c the needle from front to back.
Manually pass the thread through the eye of
22
a
a 5 cm (2 inches)
d bobbin winder shaft.
Insert the extra spool pin onto the end of the
Using the twin needle
a Bobbin winder shaft
b Extra spool pin
c Thread spool
With the twin needle, you can sew two parallel lines
of the same stitch with two different threads. Both
upper threads should have the same thickness and
quality. Be sure to use the twin needle and the extra
spool pin.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the
twin needle, refer to “Stitch settings” (page 85).
a
a Twin needle
b Extra spool pin
1
b
CAUTION
● Only use the twin needle (part code: X59296121). Use of any other needle may bend the
needle or damage the machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can
easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
twin needle. If the needle threader is used
with the twin needle, the sewing machine
may be damaged.
e thread.
Install the thread spool and thread the upper
Memo
● When setting the thread spool, set it so that
the thread winds off from the front of the
spool.
f the same way that the upper thread for the
Thread the upper thread for the right side in
left side was threaded.
1
a • For details on installing a needle, refer to
Install the twin needle.
“Replacing the needle” (page 27).
b • For details, refer to steps
Thread the upper thread for the left needle.
a through j of
“Threading the upper thread” (page 18).
c upper thread.
Manually thread the left needle with the
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
a Thread guide cover
• For details, refer to step a through j of
“Threading the upper thread” (page 18).
g needle bar thread guide, manually thread the
Without passing the thread through the
right needle.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
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h • For details on changing the presser foot, refer
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 29).
l • For details on starting to sew, refer to
Start sewing.
“Starting to sew” (page 40).
X Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel
to each other.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach
zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may
break or the machine may be damaged.
i
Turn on the sewing machine.
Note
X The LCD comes on.
j • For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
Select a stitch.
“Selecting a stitch” (page 38).
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “Stitch
settings” (page 85).
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
k
Press
(Needle mode selection key).
X The twin needle can now be used.
• To return to single needle sewing, press
(Needle mode selection key).
• Even after the sewing machine is turned off,
the twin needle setting is not cancelled.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to select
the twin needle setting, otherwise the needle
may break or the machine may be damaged.
24
● When using the twin needle, the stitches
may become bunched together, depending
on the types of thread and fabric that are
used. If this occurs, increase the stitch
length. For details on adjusting the stitch
length, refer to “Adjusting the stitch length
and width” (page 38).
CAUTION
● When changing the sewing direction, press
(needle position button) to raise the
needle from the fabric, and then raise the
presser foot lever and turn the fabric.
Otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● Do not try turning the fabric with the twin
needle left down in the fabric, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
Replacing the Needle
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
1
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous, for example, if the needle breaks and fragments are dispersed. Be sure to
read and carefully follow the instructions below.
CAUTION
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
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Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Thread
Fabric Type/Application
Size of Needle
Type
Medium
weight
fabrics
Weight
Broadcloth
Cotton thread
Taffeta
Synthetic thread
Flannel,
Gabardine
Silk thread
Lawn
Cotton thread
Georgette
Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin
Silk thread
50
Denim
Cotton thread
30–50
Corduroy
Synthetic thread
60–80
75/11–90/14
50
60–80
Thin fabrics
Thick
fabrics
90/14–100/16
50–60
Tweed
Stretch
fabrics
65/9–75/11
Silk thread
Jersey
Thread for knits
50–60
Tricot
Ball point needle
(golden colored)
75/11–90/14
Cotton thread
50–80
Easily frayed fabrics
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
65/9–90/14
50
Synthetic thread
For top-stitching
50–60
90/14–100/16
Silk thread
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker
the thread, and the larger the needle
number, the thicker the needle.
● Use the ball point needle when sewing on
stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped
stitches easily occur.
● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with
transparent nylon threads, regardless of the
fabric being sewn.
● A 75/11 needle is already installed when
the sewing machine is purchased.
26
CAUTION
● The appropriate fabric, thread and needle
combinations are shown in the table above. If
the combination of the fabric, thread and
needle is not correct, particularly when
sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin
needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11), the needle
may bend or break. In addition, the stitching
may be uneven or puckered or there may be
skipped stitches.
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
Replacing the needle
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
screwdriver and a correct needle, as described in
“Checking the needle”.
1
a twice to raise the needle.
Press
(needle position button) once or
a
b
a Needle position button
a Flat side
b Needle type marking
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
a
a Flat surface
CAUTION
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
a
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to turn
off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the start/stop button is
accidentally pressed and the machine starts
sewing.
c
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Flat surface
a
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, place fabric or
paper under the presser foot to prevent the
needle from falling into the hole in the needle
plate.
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d the needle.
Loosen the needle clamp screw and remove
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
turn the screwdriver counterclockwise with
your right hand.
a
b
a Needle clamp screw
b Screwdriver
• Do not apply extreme force when loosening
or tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise damage to the machine may
result.
f tighten the needle clamp screw.
While holding the needle with your left hand,
Turn the screwdriver clockwise.
Install the twin needle in the same way.
CAUTION
● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches
the needle stopper and securely tighten the
needle clamp screw with the screwdriver,
otherwise the needle may break or damage
may result.
e rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
With the flat side of the needle toward the
touches the needle stopper.
a
a Needle stopper
28
Replacing the Presser Foot
Presser foot precautions
1
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the presser feet.
CAUTION
● Use the presser foot appropriate for the type of stitch that you wish to sew, otherwise the needle may hit
the presser foot, causing the needle to bend or break.
● Only use presser feet designed specifically for this sewing machine. Use of any other presser foot may
result in injuries or damage to the machine.
Replacing the presser foot
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
Replace the presser foot as described below.
a twice to raise the needle.
Press
(needle position button) once or
a
a Presser foot lever
d presser foot holder to remove the presser foot.
Press the black button at the back of the
a Needle position button
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
a
b
a Black button
b Presser foot holder
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to
turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the start/stop button is
accidentally pressed and the machine starts
sewing.
● Make sure that the presser foot is installed in
the correct direction, otherwise the needle
may strike the presser foot, causing it to break
and cause injuries.
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e holder so that the presser foot pin is aligned
Place the presser foot to be installed below the
g presser foot is securely attached.
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
with the notch in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (J, A, etc.) is positioned to
be read.
a
c
b
Removing the presser
foot holder
a Presser foot holder
b Notch
c Pin
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing the optional
walking foot.
Memo
● The code for the presser foot to be used
with each stitch appears in the LCD. For
details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting a stitch” (page 38).
Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
f presser foot pin snaps into the notch in the
presser foot holder.
a
b
c
d
Presser foot lever
Presser foot holder
Notch
Pin
a • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Remove the presser foot.
foot” (page 29).
b then remove the presser foot holder.
Loosen the presser foot holder screw, and
Turn the screwdriver counterclockwise.
a
b
c
a
a Screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Screw
b
c
d
X The presser foot is attached.
30
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
Align the presser foot holder with the presser
a bar.
a
Using the optional walking
foot
With the optional walking foot, both pieces of fabric
are fed evenly by the feed dogs and the teeth on the
presser foot. This is useful when sewing fabrics that
are hard to feed such as vinyl and leather and when
sewing fabrics that easily slip such as velvets or
when quilting.
Use the screwdriver to attach the walking foot.
b
a Presser bar
b Presser foot holder
b right hand, and tighten the screw.
Hold up the presser foot holder with your
With your left hand, turn the screwdriver
clockwise.
■ Attaching the walking foot
Remove the presser foot holder.
a • For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 30).
Hook the connecting fork of the walking foot
b onto the needle clamp screw.
a
b
Note
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be
incorrect.
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the presser foot
holder screw, otherwise the presser foot
holder may fall off and the needle may strike
it, causing the needle to bend or break.
31
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Lower the presser foot lever, insert the presser
c foot holder screw, and then tighten the screw
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
with the screwdriver.
a
a
a Presser foot lever
a Presser foot holder screw
X The presser foot is raised.
With a screwdriver, loosen the presser foot
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the screw with the
screwdriver, otherwise the needle may touch
the presser foot, causing it to bend or break.
● Before starting to sew, slowly turn the
handwheel toward you (counterclockwise)
and check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
d holder screw, and then remove the walking
foot.
a
a Presser foot holder screw
Note
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
■ Removing the walking foot
Press
(needle position button) once or
a twice to raise the needle.
a Needle position button
X The needle is raised.
b
32
Turn off the sewing machine.
Attach the presser foot holder.
e • For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 30).
Memo
● Only the straight stitch (with reinforcement
stitching) and the zigzag stitch can be used
with the walking foot. For details on the
stitches, refer to “Stitch settings” (page 85).
● The optional walking foot is available
through your brother dealer.
Useful Functions
Functions useful in improving sewing efficiency are
described below.
■ When the needle stops in the raised position
The needle stops in the raised position when sewing
ends.
Changing the needle stop
position
Normally, the sewing machine is set to leave the
needle in the fabric when sewing is stopped. Instead,
the machine can be set to leave the needle raised
when sewing is stopped.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
Memo
● After sewing is finished, the fabric can be
pulled out.
■ When the needle stops in the lowered
position
b
While pressing
(automatic reverse/
reinforcement stitch key), turn on the sewing
machine.
The needle stops in the lowered position when
sewing ends.
When machine beeps twice, release the
automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key.
Memo
● Use this position to change the sewing
direction (“Changing the sewing direction”
(page 46)) or to stop while sewing.
a Automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key
X The needle stop position changes to the
raised position.
Memo
● Perform the same operation to change the
needle stop position to the lowered
position.
33
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Changing the initial needle
position
Normally, the straight stitch (left needle position) is
automatically selected when the sewing machine is
turned on. The machine can be set so that the
straight stitch (center needle position) is
automatically selected when it is turned on.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b key), turn on the sewing machine.
While pressing
(needle mode selection
When the machine beeps twice, release the
needle mode selection key.
a Needle mode selection key (single/twin)
X The initial needle position is changed
to the center needle position.
Memo
● The specified initial needle position is
maintained even after the machine is turned
off.
● Perform the same operation to change the
initial needle position to the left needle
position.
34
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces
When sewing cylindrical or large pieces of fabric, remove the flat bed attachment.
Stitching cylindrical pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to
sew cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs.
a
1
Sewing large pieces of fabric
The optional extension table makes sewing large
pieces of fabric easier.
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
a extension table.
Open up the legs at the bottom of the
Pull out the four legs until they snap into place.
X With the flat bed attachment removed,
free-arm sewing is possible.
b arm, and then sew from the top.
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
b
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
c install the flat bed attachment back in its
When you are finished with free-arm sewing,
original position.
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c Keeping the extension table level, fully slide it
Install the extension table.
into place. The lower right corner section of
the extension table extends over the front
section of the sewing machine bed.
2
1
a Lower right corner
b Sewing machine bed
Note
● The optional extension table is available
through your Baby Lock retailer.
d adjust their height so the extension table will
Turn the screw at the bottom of each leg to
be level with the sewing machine bed.
CAUTION
● Do not move the sewing machine while the
extension table is attached, otherwise damage
or injuries may occur.
e table, remove it.
When you are finished using the extension
While slightly lifting up the extension table,
pull it off to the left.
36
f original position.
Install the flat bed attachment back in its
2 SEWING BASICS
Starting to Sew
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
2
CAUTION
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle. In addition, keep your hands
away from all moving parts such as the needle, handwheel, and thread take-up lever, otherwise injuries
may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may
break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Use the correct presser foot for the type of stitch that you wish to sew, otherwise the needle may hit the
presser foot, causing the needle to bend or break.
● When sewing, make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or
bend.
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur
if the start/stop button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Sewing procedure
The basic sewing procedure is shown below.
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details, refer to “Turning on the machine” (page 12).
↓
2 Select a stitch.
Select a stitch appropriate for the application.
For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch” (page 38).
↓
3
Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot that is appropriate for the type of stitch that you
wish to sew.
For details, refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 29).
↓
4 Start sewing.
Position the fabric, and then start sewing. When sewing is finished, cut the
threads.
For details, refer to “Positioning the fabric” (page 39), “Starting to sew”
(page 40), and “Cutting the thread” (page 44).
37
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Selecting a stitch
Select each stitch by using the pattern selection dial.
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
Adjusting the stitch length
and width
■ Example: To select stitch
a appears in the LCD.
Turn the pattern selection dial until “05”
b key) to adjust the stitch length.
Press “+” or “–” side of
–
Turn the pattern selection dial to select the
b stitch to be sewn. Turn the dial to the right to
increase the number, or turn the dial to the
left to decrease the number.
a
b
c
d
a
a Pattern selection dial
X The stitch appears in the LCD.
c
Attach the presser foot indicated in the LCD.
a
a Presser foot type
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
Memo
● The presser foot to be used is indicated by
the letter (J, A, etc.) that appears above the
stitch number.
d length.
If necessary, adjust the stitch width and stitch
• For details on making adjustments, refer to the
next section, “Adjusting the stitch length and
width”
38
(stitch length
Stitch length key
Stitch length
Fine
Coarse
+
c key) to adjust the stitch width.
Press “+” or “–” side of
(stitch width
Positioning the fabric
–
+
Be sure that the fabric pieces are sewn in the correct
order and that the right and wrong sides of the fabric
are aligned correctly.
a
a
b
c
d
Stitch width key
Stitch width
Narrow
Wide
Turn on the sewing machine.
The straight stitch (left needle position) is
automatically selected.
2
Memo
● When the stitch length or stitch width is
changed from the default setting,
around
or
disappears from the LCD. When
the stitch length or stitch width is reset back
to the default setting, reappears around
or in the LCD.
● If the stitch width of the selected stitch
cannot be adjusted, “--” appears to the
right of in the LCD.
b twice to raise the needle.
Press
(needle position button) once or
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If the
needle hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
● If the stitches become bunched together,
increase the stitch length. Continuing to sew
with the stitches bunched together may result
in the needle bending or breaking.
a Needle position button
c • If the seam allowance is positioned on the
Place the fabric under the presser foot.
right side, sewing in a straight line is easier
and the extra fabric does not get in the way.
39
SEWING BASICS —
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d fabric with your left hand, turn the handwheel
While holding the end of the thread and the
toward you (counterclockwise) with your
right hand to lower the needle to the starting
point of the stitching.
Starting to sew
Once you are ready to start sewing, you can start the
sewing machine. The sewing speed can be adjusted
using either the sewing speed controller or the foot
controller.
Note
Important:
● When the foot controller is plugged in,
(start/stop button) cannot be used to start
sewing.
■ Using the operation buttons
Sewing can be started and stopped using the
operation button
(start/stop button).
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
a right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
e
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Sewing speed controller
a
a Presser foot lever
X The fabric is now positioned to be
sewn.
40
b
Press
(start/stop button) once.
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack on
b the side of the sewing machine.
a Start/stop button
The machine starts sewing.
2
a Foot controller jack
c
Turn on the sewing machine.
• If you continue pressing the
(start/stop
button) immediately after the sewing starts,
the machine will sew at a slow speed.
When the end of the stitching is reached,
(start/stop button) once.
c press
X The machine stops sewing with the
needle down (in the fabric).
When you are finished sewing, raise the
d needle, and then cut the threads.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
d right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
X For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 44).
■ Using the foot controller
Sewing can be started and stopped using the foot
controller.
a Sewing speed controller
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller will be the foot controller’s
maximum sewing speed.
Turn off the sewing machine.
a When connecting the foot controller, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
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Once you are ready to start sewing, slowly
e press down on the foot controller.
Pressing down on the foot controller increases
the sewing speed; releasing the pressure on the
foot controller decreases the sewing speed.
a
b
Securing the stitching
When sewing with the straight stitch, for example, at
the end of an opening or where seams do not
overlap, use reverse stitching or reinforcement
stitching to secure the end of the thread.
a beginning of the stitching, and then lower the
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
presser foot lever.
a Slower
b Faster
• Slowly press down on the foot controller.
Pressing it down hard starts sewing too
quickly.
X The machine starts sewing.
When the end of the stitching is reached,
f completely release the foot controller.
X The machine stops sewing with the
needle lowered (in the fabric).
When you are finished sewing, raise the
g needle, and then cut the threads.
• For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 44).
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in,
(start/stop button) cannot be used to start
sewing.
● When sewing is stopped, the needle
remains lowered (in the fabric). The
machine can be set so that the needle will
stay up when sewing is stopped. For details
on setting the machine so that the needle
stays up when sewing is stopped, refer to
“Changing the needle stop position”
(page 33).
CAUTION
● Do not allow thread or dust to accumulate in
the foot controller, otherwise a fire or an
electric shock may occur.
● Do not place objects on the foot controller,
otherwise damage to the machine or injuries
may occur.
● If the machine is not to be used for a long
period of time, unplug the foot controller,
otherwise a fire or an electric shock may
occur.
42
b the foot controller.
Press
(start/stop button) or press down on
At this time, if
(start/stop button) is held
down, the machine sews at a low speed.
a Start/stop button
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 40).
X The machine starts sewing.
c (reverse/reinforcement stitch button).
After sewing 3 to 5 stitches, press
Keep
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
held down until you reach the beginning of the
stitching.
g release
After 3 to 5 reverse stitches have been sewn,
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button).
X The machine stops sewing.
h the foot controller.
Press
(start/stop button), or press down on
At this time, if
(start/stop button) is held
down, the machine sews at a slow speed.
X The machine starts sewing in the
normal sewing direction.
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
While
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
is held down, reverse stitches are sewn.
i the sewing machine.
After sewing to the end of the stitching, stop
Press
(start/stop button) or release foot
controller.
d stitching, release
After sewing back to the beginning of the
(reverse/reinforcement
stitch button).
X The machine stops sewing.
2
1
3
1
2
Press
(start/stop button), or press down on
e the foot controller.
X The machine starts sewing in the
normal sewing direction.
5
4
6
2
a Beginning of stitching
b End of stitching
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
f press
When the end of the stitching is reached,
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button).
Keep
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
held down until 3 to 5 reverse stitches are
sewn.
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches on top
of each other.
X While
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button) is held down, reverse stitches
are sewn.
a
b
a Reverse stitching
b Reinforcement stitching
Memo
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “Stitch
settings” (page 85).
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Cutting the thread
a sewing machine is stopped, press
When you wish to finish the stitching and the
(needle
position button) once to raise the needle.
Automatically sewing reverse/
reinforcement stitches
The sewing machine can be set to automatically sew
reverse or reinforcement stitches at the beginning
and end of the stitching. With straight stitches and
zigzag stitches, reverse stitches, not reinforcement
stitches, are automatically sewn.
a • For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
Select a stitch.
(page 38).
a Needle position button
X The needle is raised.
b
b stitch key).
Press
(automatic reverse/reinforcement
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Automatic reverse/reinforcement stitch key
X
a
appears in the LCD.
• This step is not necessary if a stitch such as
those for sewing buttonholes and bar tacks is
selected where reinforcement stitches are
automatically sewn.
• Press
(automatic reverse/reinforcement
stitch key) again to cancel automatic reverse/
reinforcement stitching.
a Presser foot lever
c and then pass the threads through the thread
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
cutter to cut them.
c turn the handwheel toward you to insert the
Position the fabric under the presser foot, and
needle into the fabric.
a
a Thread cutter
d
Press
(start/stop button) once.
a Start/stop button
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the machine starts sewing.
44
e the reverse/reinforcement stitch button once.
After reaching the end of the stitching, press
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
• This step is not necessary if a stitch such as
those for sewing buttonholes and bar tacks is
selected where reinforcement stitches are
automatically sewn.
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the sewing machine stops.
Memo
● Reverse/reinforcement stitches WILL NOT
be sewn until
(reverse/reinforcement
stitch button) is pressed.
(start/stop
button) may be pressed to stop stitching
when needed such as for pivoting corners.
■ Correct thread tension
The upper thread and the bobbin thread should
cross near the center of the fabric. Only the upper
thread should be visible from the right side of the
fabric, and only the bobbin thread should be
visible from the wrong side of the fabric.
a
a Wrong side of
fabric
b Right side of fabric
c Upper thread
b
d Bobbin thread
c
d
■ Upper thread is too tight
If the bobbin thread is visible from the right side
of the fabric, the upper thread is too tight.
a Wrong side of
a
fabric
b Right side of fabric
c Upper thread
b
d Bobbin thread
e The bobbin thread
e
is visible from the
c
d
right side of the
fabric.
Turn the thread tension dial to the left to
loosen the upper thread.
■ Upper thread is too loose
Adjusting the thread tension
The tensions of the upper thread and of the bobbin
thread (thread tension) should be adjusted so that
they are equal.
If the thread and needle combination is correct for
the type of fabric being sewn (according to “Needle
types and their uses” (page 26)), the thread tension
will automatically be adjusted to the appropriate
setting. However, if the preset thread tension does
not give the desired result or if you are sewing with
special thread or on special fabric, use the thread
tension dial to increase or decrease the tension of the
upper thread.
If the upper thread is visible from the wrong side
of the fabric, the upper thread is too loose.
a Wrong side of
e
a
fabric
b Right side of fabric
c Upper thread
b
d Bobbin thread
e The upper thread is
visible from the
c
d
wrong side of the
fabric.
Turn the thread tension dial to the right to
tighten the upper thread.
45
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Useful Sewing Tips
Various ways to achieve better sewing results are described below. Refer to these tips when sewing.
Trial sewing
After a stitch is selected, the machine automatically
sets the stitch width and length for the stitch that was
selected.
However, a trial piece of fabric should be sewn
since, depending on the type of fabric and stitching
being sewn, the desired results may not be achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of fabric layers sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve.
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
Changing the sewing
direction
a sewing machine.
When stitching reaches a corner, stop the
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle remained up when the machine
stopped sewing, press
(needle position
button).
Sewing thick fabrics
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
b fabric.
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser
foot
Raise the presser foot even higher to bring the
presser foot to its highest position. (At this time,
the presser foot lever is not secured.)
c sewing.
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
CAUTION
● The thickness of fabric differs depending on
the fabric type. If the fabric is forcefully
pushed, the needle may break or bend.
a
a Presser foot lever
46
■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric
does not feed at the beginning of stitching
Zigzag foot “J” is equipped with a feature that
keeps the presser foot level.
a
Sewing thin fabrics
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly.
If this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
b
2
a Sewing direction
b Misalignment
a
When starting sewing with a seam that is too
a thick for the fabric to be fed, raise the presser
foot lever.
Using the index finger press the black button
b (presser foot holding pin) on the left side of
the zigzag foot “J”, then use left thumb to
level the presser foot by gently pushing down
on the front of the presser foot. You will hear
a “click”; continue pressing the presser foot
holding pin while lowering the presser foot.
a Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
In addition, a better result can be achieved by using
thread for knits or a stretch stitch.
a
a
a Basting
a Black button
The presser foot remains level, enabling the
c fabric to be fed.
• After the seam is sewn, the presser foot will
return to its normal operation.
CAUTION
● The thickness of fabric differs depending on the
fabric type. If the fabric is forcefully pushed,
the needle may break or bend.
47
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Pulling up the bobbin thread
When making gathers, first pull up the bobbin thread as described below.
a Do not cut the thread with the cutter.
Pass the bobbin thread through the slot.
e bobbin thread under the presser foot toward
Pull out about 10 to 15 cm (4-5 inches) of the
the rear of the machine.
• Leave the bobbin cover removed.
b
Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.
a
b
a Upper thread
b Bobbin thread
a
f Insert the tab in the lower-left corner of the
Reattach the bobbin cover.
bobbin cover (A), and then press down on the
right side (B).
a Upper thread
c position button) twice.
With the needle raised, press
B
(needle
A
a Needle position button
d out the end of the bobbin thread.
Carefully pull the upper thread upward to pull
a
b
a Upper thread
b Bobbin thread
48
3 UTILITY STITCHES
Overcasting
Zigzag stitch
3-point zigzag
stitch
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Twin Needle
Application
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Overcasting on
medium weight or
J stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
Overcasting on
G thin or medium
weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
G
Overcasting
stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Sew overcasting along the edges of cut fabric to prevent them from fraying. Six stitches are available for
overcasting.
Overcasting on
thick fabrics
Yes
*1
(J) Yes
3
Reverse
1.0
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
5.0
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/16) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Preventing fraying
in thick fabrics and
G
fabrics that fray
easily
5.0
(3/16)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Overcasting on
stretch fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.5–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/32–3/16) (J)
J
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within
the range indicated below “Manual”.
Observe the following precautions while stitching.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur
if a button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
49
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Sewing overcasting
stitches using zigzag foot
“J”
Sewing overcasting
stitches using overcasting
foot “G”
a
Turn on the machine.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
With the pattern selection dial,
b
With the pattern selection dial,
select
,
or
select
.
,
or
.
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach overcasting foot “G”.
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
foot” (page 29).
foot” (page 29).
d against the guide of the presser foot, and then
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
d needle dropping off the edge at the right.
Sew along the edge of the fabric with the
a
a
lower the presser foot lever.
a
a
a Needle drop point
a Presser foot guide
e check that the needle does not touch the
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you and
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn the
handwheel toward you and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If the
needle hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
presser foot.
f presser foot guide.
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
a
a Needle drop point
50
Basic Stitching
Straight stitch
Application
Basic stitching,
J sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Left
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, and
J
sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Attaching sleeves,
sewing inseams,
J sewing stretch fabrics and decorative
stitching
Center
Triple stretch
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Stitch Name
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Presser Foot
Pattern
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Three stitches are available for basic stitching.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur
if a button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
a
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
h
b
Turn on the machine.
■ Changing the needle position
c
With the pattern selection dial,
select
,
or
.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
The needle position can be adjusted with the
straight stitch (left needle position) and the triple
stretch stitch by adjusting the stitch width. Press
the “–” side of the stitch width key for a left
needle position, or press the “+” side for a right
needle position.
foot” (page 29).
e needle into the fabric 3 to 5 stitch lengths in
If reverse stitches are to be sewn, lower the
a
front of the point where the stitching will
begin, and then sew the reverse stitches.
• For details, refer to “Securing the stitching”
(page 42).
f • For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
b
Start sewing.
c
(page 40).
g stitching, sew 3 to 5 reverse stitches.
If reverse stitches are to be sewn at the end of
• For details, refer to “Securing the stitching”
(page 42).
a
b
c
d
d
Stitch width
Stitch width key
Moves the needle position to the left
Moves the needle position to the right
51
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Blind Hem Stitching
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Manual
Twin Needle
Stitch Name
Presser Foot
Pattern
The bottoms of skirts and pants are hemmed. Two stitches are available for blind hem stitching.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Auto
Blind hem stitching
R on medium weight
fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
Blind hem stitching
on stretch fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
Blind hem stitch
R
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
Memo
● When stitch
or
is selected
Press the “–” side of the stitch width key so that “0”, “-1”, “-2” or “-3” appears in the LCD to move the
needle drop point to the left.
Press the “+” side of the stitch width key so that “0”, “1”, “2” or “3” appears in the LCD to move the
needle drop point to the right.
Sew a blind hem according to the following procedure.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
a hem, and then baste it about 5 mm (3/16
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
inch) from the edge of the fabric. After
basting, fold back the fabric along the basting,
and then position the fabric with the wrong
side facing up.
d
e
b
b
Turn on the machine.
c
With the pattern selection dial,
select
or
.
d
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
b
a
a
c
a
b
c
d
e
52
foot” (page 29).
Wrong side of fabric
Basting stitching
Desired edge of hem
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Edge of hem
e hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
Memo
then lower the presser foot lever.
If the needle is incorrectly positioned, the
stitching results will be as shown below.
Correct each result as described below.
4
a
b
● If the needle catches too much of the hem
fold
The needle is positioned too far to the left.
Press the “+” side of the stitch width key to
adjust the needle position so that the needle
slightly catches the fold of the hem.
c
a Wrong side of fabric
b Fold of hem
c Presser foot guide
3
f adjust the stitch width until the needle slightly
Press the “–” side of the stitch width key to
catches the fold of the hem, and then sew
with the edge of the fabric against the presser
foot guide.
a
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
● If the needle does not catch the hem fold
The needle is positioned too far to the right.
Press the “–” side of the stitch width key to
adjust the needle position so that the needle
slightly catches the fold of the hem.
a
4
b
b
c
a Needle
b Needle drop point
c Fold of hem
a
b
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
● For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
length and width” (page 38).
CAUTION
● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you and
check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
g
Remove the basting stitching.
a
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
b
53
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Buttonhole Stitching
Buttonhole stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Manual
Horizontal buttonholes on thin and
A
medium weight
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2-1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Secured buttonA holes for fabrics
that have backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
Automatic
0.5
0.2–1.0
No No
Reinforcement
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Buttonholes for
A stretch or knit fabrics
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.0
0.5–2.0
Automatic
No No
(15/64) (1/8-15/64) (1/16) (1/32-1/16)
Reinforcement
Buttonholes for
stretch fabrics
Keyhole buttonA holes for thick or
furry fabrics
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.5
(15/64) (1/8-15/64) (1/16)
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
Manual
Walking
Foot
Auto
A
Auto
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Buttonholes can be sewn. Five stitches are available for sewing buttonholes.
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
No No
Automatic
Reinforcement
0.5
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
54
Buttonholes with a maximum length of 30 mm (1-3/16 inches) (diameter + thickness of the button) can be sewn.
Buttonholes are sewn as shown below.
a
a
a
3
a Reinforcement stitching
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”, which is used for sewing buttonholes, are indicated below.
a
b
c
d
e
a
b
Button guide plate
Presser foot scale
Pin
Marks on buttonhole foot
5 mm (3/16 inch)
e
c
d
A
55
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
a and length of the buttonhole.
Use chalk to mark on the fabric the position
a
b
c
Turn on the machine.
d
With the pattern selection dial, select a stitch.
e • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
foot” (page 29).
f in the presser foot, and then pull it under the
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
a Marks on fabric
b Finished stitching
presser foot, as shown.
b foot “A”, and then insert the button that will
Pull out the button guide plate of buttonhole
be put through the buttonhole.
g buttonhole mark aligned with the red marks
Position the fabric with the front end of the
on the sides of the buttonhole foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
a
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide
plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of
the button, and then set the button guide
plate to the calculated length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot
scale is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
b
A
b
a Mark on fabric (front)
b Red marks on buttonhole foot
a
Note
b
c
a Presser foot scale
b Length of buttonhole (diameter + thickness
of button)
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm
(9/16 inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch),
the button guide plate should be set to 25 mm (1
inch) on the scale.
a
b
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
b 15 mm (9/16 inch)
X The size of the buttonhole is set.
56
● When lowering the presser foot, do not
push in the front of the presser foot,
otherwise the buttonhole will not be sewn
with the correct size.
h possible.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
m the pin and open the buttonhole.
Use the enclosed seam ripper to cut towards
a
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever should be positioned
behind the bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a
a Seam ripper
For keyhole buttonholes (
a
), use the enclosed
eyelet punch to make a hole in the rounded
end of the buttonhole, and then use the seam
ripper to cut open the buttonhole.
b
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
a
i your left hand, and then start sewing.
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
a Eyelet punch
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
CAUTION
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
j and then remove the fabric.
Cut the threads, raise the presser foot lever,
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
k position.
l the end of the buttonhole stitching to prevent
Insert a pin along the inside of one bar tack at
● When opening the buttonhole with the seam
ripper, do not place your hands in the cutting
path, otherwise injuries may result if the seam
ripper slips. Do not use the seam ripper in any
other way than how it is intended.
■ Changing the stitch length
Press the “+” or “–” side of the stitch length key to
adjust the stitch length.
–
+
the stitching from being cut.
a
a Pin
a Stitch length key
b Stitch length
c Fine
d Coarse
• If the fabric does not feed (for example, if it is
too thick), increase the coarseness of the
stitching.
57
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
■ Changing the stitch width
Press the “+” or “–” side of the stitch width key to
adjust the stitch width.
–
+
d
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
Adjust the stitch width to the thickness of the
e gimp thread.
Lower the presser foot lever and the
f buttonhole lever, and then start sewing.
a
b
c
d
Stitch width key
Stitch width
Narrow
Wide
When sewing is finished, gently pull the gimp
g thread to remove any slack.
Memo
● Before sewing buttonholes, check the stitch
length and width by sewing a trial
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric.
■ Sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics
When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics, use a
gimp thread.
Hook the gimp thread onto the part of
a buttonhole foot “A” shown in the illustration
so that it fits into the grooves, and then
loosely tie it.
b
Turn on the sewing machine.
c
Select stitch
58
or
.
Use a handsewing needle to pull the gimp
h thread to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it.
With a seam ripper, cut the middle part of the
i gimp thread remaining at the top end of the
buttonhole.
Trim off any excess of the gimp thread.
Button sewing
g
Place the button into button fitting foot “M”.
Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.
Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.
a button to be attached.
Measure the distance between the holes in the
a
a Button
X The button is held in place.
b drop feed lever, located at the rear of the
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide the
machine on the base, to
(to the left as
seen from the rear of the machine).
• When attaching four-hole buttons, first sew
the two holes closest to you. Then, slide the
button so that the needle goes into the two
holes toward the rear of the sewing machine,
and then sew them in the same way.
a
h (counterclockwise) to check that the needle
Turn the handwheel toward you
a Drop feed lever (as seen from the rear of
the machine)
X The feed dogs are lowered.
c
Turn on the sewing machine.
d
Select stitch
e
Attach button fitting foot “M”.
correctly goes into the two holes of the
button.
If it seems as if the needle will hit the button,
remeasure the distance between the holes in
the button. Adjust the stitch width to the
distance between the button holes.
.
CAUTION
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does not
touch the button, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
f the distance between the holes in the button.
Adjust the stitch width so that it is the same as
59
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
i Set the sewing speed controller to the left (so
Start sewing.
that the speed will be slow).
■ Attaching a shank to a button
To sew the button with a shank, attach the button
with space between it and the fabric, and then
wind the thread by hand. This attaches the button
securely.
Place the button into button-sewing foot “M”,
a and then pull the shank lever toward you.
X The sewing machine automatically
stops after sewing reinforcement
stitches.
1
• If additional strength is needed to secure the
button, perform the button-sewing operation
twice.
Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the
j bobbin thread at the beginning of the
stitching.
Pull the upper thread at the end of the stitching
to the wrong side of the fabric, and then tie it
with the bobbin thread.
a Shank lever
After sewing is finished, cut the upper thread
b with plenty of excess, wind it around the
thread between the button and the fabric, and
then tie it to the upper thread at the beginning
of the stitching.
Tie together the ends of the bobbin thread at
the end and at the beginning of the stitching on
the wrong side of the fabric.
k slide the drop feed lever to
When you are finished attaching the button,
(to the right
as seen from the rear of the machine) to raise
the feed dogs.
a
a Drop feed lever (as seen from the rear of
the machine)
Memo
● The feed dog position switch is normally set
to the right side (as seen from the rear of
machine).
● The feed dogs come up when you start
sewing again.
60
c
Cut off any excess thread.
Zipper Insertion
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Application
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, and
J
sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Straight
Center
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Auto
Manual
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
A zipper can be sewn in place.
Walking
Foot
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Reverse
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
3
There are many methods for attaching zippers. Therefore, only the procedures for inserting a centered zipper
and a side zipper are described below.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
c fabric.
Baste the two pieces up to the edge of the
Inserting a centered zipper
Stitching is sewn on both pieces of fabric butted
against each other.
a
c
b
b
d
a
c
a Right side of fabric
b Stitching
c End of zipper opening
a
Turn on the machine.
b stitches up to the zipper opening.
Attach zigzag foot “J” and sew straight
With the right sides of the fabric facing each
other, sew reverse stitches after reaching the
zipper opening.
• For details on basic stitching, refer to “Basic
Stitching” (page 51).
a
b
c
d
Basting stitching
Reverse stitching
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
d side of the fabric.
Press open the seam allowance from the wrong
a
a Wrong side of fabric
61
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
e and then baste the zipper in place.
Align the seam with the center of the zipper,
h
Topstitch around the zipper.
a
c
b
b
a
d
c
a Wrong side of fabric
b Basting stitching
c Zipper
f
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
a
b
c
d
.
g of the pin of zipper foot “I”.
Attach the presser foot holder to the right side
Stitching
Right side of fabric
Basting stitching
End of zipper opening
CAUTION
a
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the zipper, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
I
b
i
a Right side of the pin
b Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
Remove the basting stitching.
Inserting a side zipper
Stitching is sewn on only one piece of fabric. Use
this type of zipper for side openings and back
openings.
CAUTION
● When using zipper foot “I”, be sure to use a
center needle position, and slowly turn the
handwheel toward you to check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If a different
stitch is selected and the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
a
b
c
a Stitching
b Right side of fabric
c End of zipper opening
The following procedure will describe how to stitch
on the left side, as shown in the illustration.
62
a
f the fabric having the extra 3 mm (1/8 inch),
Turn on the machine.
Align the zipper teeth with the pressed edge of
b stitches up to the zipper opening.
Attach zigzag foot “J” and sew straight
and then baste or pin the zipper in place.
• With the right sides of the fabric facing each
other, sew reverse stitches after reaching the
zipper opening.
• For details on basic stitching, refer to “Basic
Stitching” (page 51).
b
a
c fabric.
Baste the two pieces up to the edge of the
a Zipper teeth
b Basting stitching
g
a
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
c
b
d
a
b
c
d
.
Basting stitching
Reverse stitching
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
d side of the fabric.
Press open the seam allowance from the wrong
h of the pin of zipper foot “I”.
Attach the presser foot holder to the right side
If the stitching will be sewn on the right side
(opposite side of this example), attach the
presser foot holder to the left side of the zipper
foot pin.
a
I
b
a
a Right side of the pin
b Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
a Wrong side of fabric
Press the seam allowance so that the right side
e (the side that will not be stitched) has an extra
3 mm (1/8 inch).
a
CAUTION
● When using zipper foot “I”, be sure to use a
center needle position, and slowly turn the
handwheel toward you to check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If a different
stitch is selected and the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
b
a Wrong side of fabric
b 3 mm (1/8 inch)
63
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
i extra 3 mm (1/8 inch), starting from the base
Sew the zipper to the piece of fabric with the
of the zipper.
l of the pin of zipper foot “I”.
Attach the presser foot holder to the other side
If the presser foot holder was attached to the
right side of the pin in step h, change it to the
left side of the pin.
a
I
b
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the zipper, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
j end of the zipper, stop the sewing machine
When you are about 5 cm (2 inches) from the
with the needle down (in the fabric), raise the
presser foot lever, and then open the zipper
and continue sewing.
a Left side of the pin
b Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
m Sew reverse stitches at the end of the zipper
Topstitch along the zipper.
opening and align the zipper teeth with the
side of the presser foot.
c
b
d
a
e
k baste the other side of the zipper to the fabric.
Close the zipper, turn over the fabric, and then
a
b
c
d
e
Right side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Reverse stitching
Beginning of stitching
Basting stitching
n end of the zipper, stop the sewing machine
When you are about 5 cm (2 inches) from the
a
with the needle down (in the fabric), and then
raise the presser foot lever.
o and then continue sewing.
Remove the basting stitching, open the zipper,
a Basting stitching
64
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stretch fabrics can be sewn and elastic tape can be attached.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Stretch stitch
Sewing stretch fab1.0
J rics and decorative
(1/16)
stitching
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
1.0–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
3-point zigzag
stitch
Overcasting on
medium weight or
J stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
5.0
(3/16)
3
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
Observe the following precautions while stitching.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Stretch stitching
a
Turn on the machine.
b
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
.
Elastic attaching
When elastic tape is attached to the cuff or waist of a
piece of clothing, the finished dimensions will be that
of the stretched elastic tape. Therefore, it is necessary
that a suitable length of the elastic tape be used.
a fabric.
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of the
Pin the elastic tape to the fabric at a few points
to make sure that the tape is uniformly
positioned on the fabric.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
d
Sew without stretching the fabric.
a
b
a Elastic tape
b Pin
b
Turn on the machine.
65
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
c
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
foot” (page 29).
e stretching the tape so that it is the same length
Sew the elastic tape to the fabric while
as the fabric.
While pulling the fabric behind the presser foot
with your left hand, pull the fabric at the pin
nearest the front of the presser foot with your
right hand.
CAUTION
● When sewing, make sure that the needle does
not touch any pins, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
66
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
Zigzag stitch
Application
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Twin Needle
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Eight stitches are available for sewing appliqués and patchwork quilts.
Walking
Foot
Yes
*1
(J) Yes
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Reverse
Appliqué stitch
J Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.6–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
Piecing straight
stitch
Piecing straight
stitching (with a
seam allowance of
J
6.5 mm(1/4 inch)
from the right edge
of the presser foot)
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
0.2–5.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Patchwork stitchJ ing and decorative
stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitching, decorative
stitching and sewJ ing overcasting on
both pieces of fabrics, such as with
tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitchJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
Straight stitch quiltJ ing that looks
hand-sewn
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Quilting backJ ground stitching
(stippling)
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–-7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Joining stitch
Hand-look quilting
Quilting stitch
(for stippling)
3
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
67
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
g begin sewing around the edge of the appliqué,
Turn the handwheel toward you, and then
Appliqué stitching
Cut out the appliqué, leaving a seam
a allowance of between 3 and 5 mm (1/8 and 3/
16 inch).
making sure that the needle drops just outside
of the appliqué.
a
a Seam allowance
b back of the appliqué, and then fold over the
Place a pattern made of thick paper on the
seam allowance using an iron.
• When sewing around corners, stop the
machine with the needle in the fabric just
outside of the appliqué, raise the presser foot
lever, and then turn the fabric as needed to
change the sewing direction.
c pin it onto the fabric that it will be attached
Turn the fabric over, and then baste, glue or
to.
Patchwork (crazy quilt)
stitching
a place it over the lower piece.
Fold the edge of the top piece of fabric and
a
b pattern spans over both pieces.
Sew the two pieces of fabric together so the
a Basting stitching
d
Turn on the machine.
e
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
or
.
f • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
foot” (page 29).
68
Piecing
Quilting
Sewing together two pieces of fabric is called
“piecing”. The fabric pieces should be cut with a 6.5
mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance.
Sew a piecing straight stitch 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) from
the right side of the presser foot.
Baste or pin along the seam allowance of the
a fabric that you wish to piece together.
b
Turn on the machine.
c
Select stitch
Sandwiching batting between the top and bottom
layers of fabric is called “quilting”. Quilts can easily
be sewn using the optional walking foot and the
optional quilting guide.
a
Baste the fabric to be quilted.
b • For details, refer to “Using the optional
Attach the walking foot.
walking foot” (page 31).
c • For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
Select a stitch.
.
(page 38).
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 38).
d
3
d foot, and hold fabric taut while sewing.
Place one hand on each side of the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
e with the edge of the fabric.
Sew with the side of the presser foot aligned
■ For a seam allowance on the right side
Align the right side of the presser foot with
the edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch
.
Note
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
■ Using the optional quilting guide
Use the quilting guide to sew parallel stitches that
are equally spaced.
1
Insert the stem of the quilting guide into the
a hole at the rear of the walking foot or presser
foot holder.
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
† Walking foot
Memo
● To change the width of the seam allowance
(the needle position), adjust the stitch width.
69
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
†
Presser foot holder
Free-motion quilting
With free-motion quilting, lower the feed dogs (using
the feed dog position switch) so that the fabric is not
fed.
The optional quilting foot is needed for free-motion
quilting.
Adjust the stem of the quilting guide so that
b the guide aligns with the seam that has
already been sewn.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b holder.
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 30).
Note
● The optional quilting guide is available
through your retailer.
c holder screw.
Attach the quilting foot to the presser foot
The pin on the quilting foot should be
positioned over the needle clamp screw.
a
c
b
a Pin on quilting foot
b Presser foot holder screw
c Needle clamp screw
70
d hand, and then tighten the presser foot holder
Hold the quilting foot in place with your right
h then move the fabric to follow the pattern.
screw using the enclosed screwdriver in your
left hand.
Reinforcement stitches are sewn at the
beginning and end of stitching.
Use both hands to stretch the fabric taut, and
a
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the screw with the
enclosed screwdriver, otherwise the needle
may touch the presser foot, causing it to bend
or break.
e the rear of the machine on the base, to the
Slide the feed dog position switch, located at
a Pattern
• Reverse stitches cannot be sewn when the
feed dogs are lowered.
i position switch to its original position to raise
After sewing is finished, slide the feed dog
the feed dogs.
position shown below to lower the feed dogs.
a
• The feed dogs are normally left raised.
a Feed dog position switch (as seen from the
rear of the machine)
f
Turn on the machine.
g
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
or
Memo
● Turn the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
.
71
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Reinforcement Stitching
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Reinforce points that will be subject to strain, such as sleeve holes, inseams and pocket corners.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Triple stretch
stitch
Attaching sleeves,
sewing inseams,
J sewing stretch fabrics and decorative
stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
Yes No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Bar tack stitch
Reinforce openings and areas
A
where the seam
easily comes loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
Automatic
0.4
0.3–1.0
No No
Reinforcement
(1/64) (1/64-1/16)
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries may occur if a
button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Triple stretch stitching
With each stitch, three overlapping stitches are
sewn.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
■ Changing the needle position
The needle position can be adjusted with the
straight stitch (left needle position) and the triple
stretch stitch by adjusting the stitch width. Press
the “–” side of the stitch width key for a left
needle position, or press the “+” side for a right
needle position.
.
a
c • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
foot” (page 29).
d
Start sewing.
c
a
b
c
d
72
d
Stitch width
Stitch width key
Moves the needle position to the left
Moves the needle position to the right
c
Bar tack stitching
With the pattern selection dial,
select stitch
Bar tacks are one type of reinforcement stitching
used to strengthen points subject to strain, such as
pocket corners and openings.
As an example, the procedure for sewing bar tacks at
pocket corners is described below.
.
d • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
foot” (page 29).
e in the presser foot, and then pull it under the
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
presser foot, as shown.
a Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
Determine the desired length of the bar tack.
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
a
3
f position the fabric so that the needle drops 2
With the opening of the pocket toward you,
mm (1/16 inch) in front of the pocket
opening, and then lower the presser foot
lever.
b
c
a Presser foot scale
b Length of bar tack
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
b
a
a 2 mm (1/16 inch)
Turn on the machine.
Note
● When lowering the presser foot, do not
push in the front of the presser foot,
otherwise the bar tack will not be sewn with
the correct size.
73
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
g possible.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
a
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever should be positioned
behind the metal bracket on the buttonhole
foot.
a
b
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
h your left hand, and then start sewing.
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
i and then remove the fabric.
Raise the presser foot lever, cut the threads,
j position.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Adjusting the
stitch length and width” (page 38).
74
Decorative stitching
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine.
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Fagoting, smockJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
Fagoting, smockJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitchJ ing and decorative
stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitching, decorative
stitching and sewJ ing overcasting on
both pieces of fabrics, such as with
tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitchJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
J Shell tuck stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J)
N Scallop stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5
0.1-1.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/32) (1/64-1/16) (J)
Fagoting stitch
Joining stitch
Shell tuck stitch
Satin scallop
stitch
Decorative stitch
J
Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
J
Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
Decorative stitchN ing and elasticattaching
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/64-1/4)
1.0
0.2-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64-3/16) (J)
Lace sewing, decorative hemming,
N
heirloom stitching,
etc.
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
1.6-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16)
Decorative hemN ming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
6.0
1.5-7.0
(15/64) (1/16-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
2.0-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16-3/16)
1.5-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16-3/16)
75
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Fagoting
Scallop stitching
Stitching across an open seam is called “fagoting”. It
is used on blouses and children's clothing. This stitch
is more decorative when thicker thread is used.
a along their seams.
Use an iron to fold the two pieces of fabric
Baste the two pieces of fabric, separated by
b about 4.0 mm (3/16 inch), onto thin paper or
a sheet of water-soluble stabilizer.
3
The wave-shaped repeating pattern that looks like
shells is called “scalloping”. It is used on the collars
of blouses and to decorate the edges of
handkerchiefs.
a
Turn on the machine.
b
Select stitch
c
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
.
1
2
a Thin paper or water soluble stabilizer
b Basting stitching
c 4 mm (3/16 inch)
c
Turn on the machine.
d
Select stitch
e
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
f
Set the stitch width to 7.0 mm (1/4 inch).
or
d sure not to sew directly on the edge of the
Stitch along the edge of the fabric, making
fabric.
.
• For better results, apply spray starch onto the
fabric and press with a hot iron before it is
sewn.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 38).
g aligned along the center of the two pieces of
Sew with the center of the presser foot
fabric.
e
Trim along the stitches.
• Be careful not to cut the stitches.
h
76
After sewing is finished, remove the paper.
Smocking
g
Stitch between the straight stitches.
h
Pull out the threads for the straight stitches.
The decorative stitch created by stitching or
embroidering over gathers is called “smocking”. It is
used to decorate the front of blouses or cuffs.
The smocking stitch adds texture and elasticity to
fabric.
a
Turn on the machine.
b stitch length to 4.0 mm (3/16 inch) and loosen
Select the straight stitch, and then adjust the
the thread tension.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 38) and “Adjusting the thread tension”
(page 45).
c
3
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
d inch).
Sew parallel stitching at intervals of 1 cm (3/8
1
Shell tuck stitching
The gathers that look like shells are called “shell
tucks”. They are used to decorate trims, the front of
blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics.
a 1 cm (3/8 inch)
• Do not sew reverse/reinforcement stitches or
cut the thread.
a
Fold the fabric along the bias.
b
Turn on the machine.
c
Select stitch
tension.
e Smooth the gathers by ironing them.
Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers.
f
Select stitch
or
, and then increase the thread
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 38).
.
d
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
77
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
e slightly off the edge of the fabric.
Sew while making sure that the needle drops
1
c
Select stitch
d
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
,
or
.
e faces up, and then sew over the seam with the
Turn the fabric over so that the right side
center of the presser foot aligned with the
seam.
a Needle drop point
a Right side of fabric
f down to one side.
Unfold the fabric, and then iron the tucks
Heirloom stitching
When sewing with the wing needle, the needle holes
are enlarged, creating a lace-like decorative stitch.
This is used to decorate hems and tablecloths on thin
or medium weight fabrics in addition to plain weave
fabrics.
CAUTION
Joining
Decorative bridging stitches can be sewn over the
seam allowance of joined fabrics. This is used when
making a crazy quilt.
a
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle, otherwise the sewing machine
may be damaged. Manually pass the thread
through the eye of the needle from the front
to the back. For details, refer to “Manually
threading the needle” (page 22).
a
Turn on the machine.
Insert the wing needle.
b of fabric, and then open up the seam
Sew together the right sides of the two pieces
allowances.
• Use a 130/705H 100/16 wing needle.
• For details on inserting a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 27).
2
1
1
3
a Wrong side of fabric
b 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance
c Straight stitch
78
b
Turn on the machine.
c
Select stitch
,
or
.
d
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
c
CAUTION
● Select a stitch width of 6.0 mm (15/64 inch)
or less, otherwise the needle may bend or
break.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
e
Select stitch
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 38).
With the right side of the fabric facing up, sew
d along the right edge of the frayed section.
N
Start sewing.
3
Turn the fabric around to sew the opposite
e side.
Sew along the other edge of the frayed section
f so that it looks like the previous stitching.
■ Drawnwork (Example 1)
The fabric is turned and sewn twice.
N
■ Drawnwork (Example 2)
Pull out several threads from two sections of
a the fabric, separated by an unfrayed section of
a
about 4 mm (3/16 inch).
Pull out several threads from the fabric.
1
b
a 4 mm (3/16 inch)
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
b
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 29).
79
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
c
Select stitch
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
(page 38).
d
Sew along the center of the unfrayed section.
N
80
Using the side cutter (optional)
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
By using the optional side cutter, overcasting stitching can be sewn while the edge of the fabric is cut off.
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Basic stitching,
S sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–2.5
(0–3/32)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Reverse
Overcasting on
S thin or medium
weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Reinforcement
Overcasting on
thick fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Reinforcement
Preventing fraying
in thick fabrics and
S
fabrics that fray
easily
5.0
(3/16)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Reinforcement
Overcasting
stitch
S
The values below “Auto” are set when the pattern is selected. The setting can be adjusted to any value within the range
indicated below “Manual”. When using the side cutter, adjust the stitch width setting to a value within the range indicated in
the table above.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot and presser foot holder, be sure to turn off the sewing machine,
otherwise injuries may occur if a button is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
a • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Remove the presser foot.
foot” (page 29).
b • For details, refer to “Threading the upper
Thread the upper thread.
e then hook the connecting fork of the side
Raise the presser foot lever even higher, and
cutter onto the needle clamp screw.
a
thread” (page 18).
b
Note
● The needle threader cannot be used while
the side cutter is installed on the sewing
machine, otherwise damage to the needle
threader may result.
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
c • For details, refer to “Selecting a stitch”
Select a stitch.
(page 38).
d
Raise the presser foot lever.
81
3
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
f pin is aligned with the notch in the presser
Position the side cutter so that the side cutter
j
foot holder, and then slowly lower the presser
foot lever.
Position the fabric so that the right side of the cut is
on top of the guide plate and the left side of the cut is
underneath the presser foot.
Position the fabric.
b
a
a Notch in presser foot holder
b Pin
X The side cutter is attached.
g side cutter is securely attached.
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
h and then pull it out toward the rear of the
Pass the upper thread under the side cutter,
sewing machine.
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If the
needle hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
i in the fabric at the beginning of the
Make a cut of about 2 cm (3/4 inch) long
stitching.
a
a 2 cm (3/4 inch)
82
a
a Guide plate
Note
● If the fabric is not positioned correctly, the
fabric will not be cut.
k sewing.
Lower the presser foot lever, and then start
X A seam allowance is cut while the
stitching is sewn.
If stitch
is sewn, the seam allowance will be
3
about 5 mm (3/16 inch).
a
a 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Note
● The side cutter can cut as much as one layer
of 13-oz. denim.
● After using the side cutter, clean it by
removing any lint or dust.
● If the side cutter can no longer cut fabric,
use a rag to apply a small amount of oil to
the cutting edge of the cutter.
83
UTILITY STITCHES ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
84
4 APPENDIX
Stitch settings
Applications, stitch lengths and widths and whether the twin needle can be used are listed for utility stitches in
the following table.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
Straight stitch
Left
Center
Triple stretch
stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Application
Basic stitching,
J sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, and
J
sewing gathers or
pintucks, etc.
Attaching sleeves,
sewing inseams,
J sewing stretch fabrics and decorative
stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0 Yes
*1
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J) Yes
Reverse
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
1.0–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
Zigzag stitch
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
Overcasting on
medium weight or
J stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic,
darning, etc.
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
Manual
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Manual
Sewing stretch fab1.0
J rics and decorative
(1/16)
stitching
Auto
Walking
Foot
Auto
Stretch stitch
3-point zigzag
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
Utility stitches
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Yes
*1
(J) Yes
4
Reverse
1.0
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
*1Do not use reverse stitching.
85
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Overcasting on
G thin or medium
weight fabrics
G
Overcasting
stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Overcasting on
thick fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
Manual
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
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Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
2.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/16) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Preventing fraying
in thick fabrics and
G
fabrics that fray
easily
5.0
(3/16)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Overcasting on
stretch fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.5–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/32–3/16) (J)
Blind hem stitching
R on medium weight
fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
Blind hem stitching
on stretch fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
No No Reinforcement
(1/16–1/8)
J
Blind hem stitch
R
Appliqué stitch
J Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.6–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
Shell tuck stitch
J Shell tuck stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/64–3/16) (J)
Piecing straight
stitch
Piecing straight
stitching (with a
seam allowance of
J
6.5 mm(1/4 inch)
from the right edge
of the presser foot)
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
0.2–5.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Hand-look quilting
Straight stitch quiltJ ing that looks
hand-sewn
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Quilting stitch
(for stippling)
Quilting backJ ground stitching
(stippling)
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–-7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Satin scallop
stitch
N Scallop stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5
0.1-1.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/32) (1/64-1/16) (J)
86
Joining stitch
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Pattern
Stitch Name
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Manual
Patchwork stitchJ ing and decorative
stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitching, decorative
stitching and sewJ ing overcasting on
both pieces of fabrics, such as with
tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16–3/16) (J)
Patchwork stitchJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16) (J)
Fagoting, smockJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
Fagoting, smockJ ing and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
Fagoting stitch
Decorative stitch
J
Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
2.0-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16-3/16)
J
Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
1.0-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16) (J)
Decorative stitchN ing and elasticattaching
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/64-1/4)
1.0
0.2-4.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64-3/16) (J)
Lace sewing, decorative hemming,
N
heirloom stitching,
etc.
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
1.6-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/16-3/16)
Decorative hemN ming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
6.0
1.5-7.0
(15/64) (1/16-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
Decorative hemming on thin,
medium weight
N
and plain weave
fabrics, heirloom
stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
4.0
1.5-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/16) (1/16-3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
1.5-4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16-3/16)
87
4
Buttonhole stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Application
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Manual
Horizontal buttonholes on thin and
A
medium weight
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2-1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Secured buttonA holes for fabrics
that have backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
0.2–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Buttonholes for
A stretch or knit fabrics
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.0
0.5–2.0
Automatic
No No
(15/64) (1/8-15/64) (1/16) (1/32-1/16)
Reinforcement
Buttonholes for
stretch fabrics
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.5
(15/64) (1/8-15/64) (1/16)
Manual
Walking
Foot
Auto
A
Auto
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Pattern
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1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
No No
Automatic
Reinforcement
Keyhole buttonA holes for thick or
furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/32) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Bar tack stitch
Reinforcing openings and areas
A
where the seam
easily comes loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4
0.3–1.0
Automatic
No No
(1/64) (1/64-1/16)
Reinforcement
Decorative stitch
N For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
N For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
0.1–1.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/64) (1/64–1/16) (J)
N For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
0.1–1.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/64) (1/64–1/16) (J)
N For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
0.1–1.0 Yes
No Reinforcement
(1/64) (1/64–1/16) (J)
N For decoration, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
0.2–4.0
No No Reinforcement
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Satin
stitches
Cross-stitches
88
Maintenance
Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below.
d remove the presser foot holder, and then
Loosen the presser foot holder screw and
Cleaning the machine
surface
loosen the needle clamp screw and remove
the needle.
If the surface of the machine is dirty, lightly soak a
cloth in neutral detergent, squeeze it out firmly, and
then wipe the surface of the machine. After cleaning
it once with a wet cloth, wipe it again with a dry
cloth.
CAUTION
● Make sure that the sewing machine has been
turned off, and then unplug the power cord
before cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries
or an electric shock may occur.
● Do not use benzene, thinner or cleansing
powder, otherwise the machine may be
discolored or deformed.
e and then slide it toward you to remove it.
Grasp both sides of the needle plate cover,
4
a
Cleaning the race
Clean the hook and under the needle plate.
Sewing performance will suffer if lint and dust
collect in the race; therefore, it should be cleaned
periodically.
a Needle plate cover
f
Remove the bobbin case.
Grasp the front of the bobbin case, and then
pull it out.
a the power cord from the electrical outlet.
Turn off the sewing machine, and then unplug
CAUTION
● Make sure that the sewing machine has been
turned off, and then unplug the power cord
before cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries
or an electric shock may occur.
a
a Bobbin case
g cleaner to remove any lint and dust from the
Use the enclosed cleaning brush or a vacuum
b
Raise the needle and presser foot lever.
c
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
race and its surrounding area.
a
b
a Cleaning brush
b Race
• Do not apply oil to the race or bobbin case.
89
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h on the bobbin case aligns with the spring.
Insert the bobbin case so that the projection
a
Removing the needle plate
When the thread is tangled and cannot be removed
by cleaning the race, remove the needle plate.
a
Follow steps a through f on page 89.
b screws with the disc-shaped screwdriver.
Remove the needle plate by removing the
b
a
b
c plate.
Remove the tangled thread from the needle
d and then tighten the screws with the disc-
Return the needle plate to its original position,
a Projection
b Spring
shaped screwdriver.
i the needle plate, and then slide the cover back
Insert the tabs on the needle plate cover into
into position.
Note
● Align the two screw holes on the needle
plate with the two holes on the machine.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break, or sewing
performance may suffer.
For a new bobbin case, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
● Be sure that the bobbin case is correctly
installed, otherwise the needle may break.
90
Follow steps g through i beginning on
e page 89.
Troubleshooting
If the machine stops operating correctly, check for the following possible causes before requesting service.
If the problem persists, contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.
Symptom
The sewing
machine does
not operate.
Probable Cause
Remedy
The plug of the power cord is not
inserted into an electrical outlet.
Insert the plug of the power cord into page 12
a household electrical outlet.
The machine is not turned on.
Turn on the machine.
page 12
The bobbin winder shaft is moved to
the right.
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the
left.
page 15
The presser foot lever is raised.
Lower the presser foot lever.
page 40
A stitch other than the buttonhole or
bar tack stitch was selected and the
start/stop button was pressed while
the buttonhole lever is lowered.
Raise the buttonhole lever.
–
The buttonhole or bar tack stitch was
selected and the start/stop button was Pull down the buttonhole lever.
pressed while the buttonhole lever is
raised.
The needle
breaks.
Reference
page 57
The start/stop button was pressed,
even though the foot controller is
connected.
Do not use the start/stop button when
the foot controller is connected. To
use the start/stop button, disconnect page 40
the foot controller.
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 27
The needle clamp screw is loose.
Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten
the screw.
page 28
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 27
a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and Select
appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 26
The appropriate presser foot for the
type of stitch that you wish to sew is
not used.
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
page 85
The upper thread tension is too tight.
Loosen the upper thread tension.
page 45
The fabric is pulled too much.
Lightly guide the fabric.
–
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 13
4
91
APPENDIX —
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Symptom
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
The upper thread was incorrectly
threaded (for example, the spool is
incorrectly installed or the thread has Correct the upper threading.
come out of the needle bar thread
guide).
page 18
There are knots or tangles in the
thread.
–
Remove any knots or tangles.
The selected needle is not
Select a needle that is appropriate for page 26
appropriate for the thread being used. the type of stitch being used.
The upper thread tension is too tight.
The upper thread
breaks.
The lower thread
is tangled or
breaks.
92
Loosen the upper thread tension.
page 45
the tangled thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in Remove
thread
is
tangled in the bobbin case,
the bobbin case.
clean the race.
page 89
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 27
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 27
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 13
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the bobbin threading.
page 16
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
wound.
Correctly wind the bobbin.
page 13
There are scratches on the bobbin or
it doesn’t rotate properly.
Replace the bobbin.
–
The thread is tangled.
Remove the tangled thread and clean page 89
the race.
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 13
Symptom
The thread tension is incorrect.
The fabric is
puckered.
Stitches are
skipped.
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
The upper thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the upper threading.
page 18
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the bobbin threading.
page 16
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
wound.
Correctly wind the bobbin.
page 13
a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and Select
appropriate
for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 26
The presser foot holder is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the presser foot
holder.
page 31
The thread tension is incorrectly set.
Adjust the thread tension.
page 45
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 13
The upper thread or bobbin thread is
incorrectly installed.
Correctly thread the upper thread and page 16,
correctly install the bobbin thread.
18
The spool is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the spool.
a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and Select
appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 26
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 27
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too long or the fabric is not
being fed correctly.
Sew with stabilizer material under the page 47
fabric.
The thread tension is incorrectly set.
Adjust the thread tension.
page 45
The upper thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correct the upper threading.
page 18
a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and Select
appropriate
for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 26
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle with a new one.
page 27
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 27
Dust has accumulated under the
needle plate or in the bobbin case.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the bobbin case.
page 89
Dust has accumulated in the feed
dogs or in the bobbin case.
Clean the bobbin case.
page 89
Correct the upper threading.
page 18
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
Bobbins from older models, which
have a different thickness, will not
work properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 13
The upper thread is incorrectly
installed.
A high-pitched
sound is produced while sew- The bobbin case is scratched.
ing.
A rattling noise is
produced.
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
4
page 13
93
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Symptom
The thread does
not pass through
the eye of the
needle.
The stitch is not
sewn correctly.
The fabric does
not feed.
The sewing lamp
does not come
on.
94
Probable Cause
Remedy
Reference
The needle was not raised.
Press
(needle position button)
once or twice to raise the needle.
page 19
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 27
The appropriate presser foot for the
type of stitch that you wish to sew is
not used.
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
page 85
The thread tension is incorrectly set.
Adjust the thread tension.
page 45
the tangled thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in Remove
thread
is
tangled in the bobbin case,
the bobbin case.
clean the race.
page 89
The feed dogs are lowered.
Slide the feed dog position switch to
.
page 71
The stitch is too short.
Lengthen the stitch length.
page 38
a thread and needle that are
The combination of fabric, thread and Select
appropriate for the type of fabric
needle is incorrect.
being sewn.
page 26
the tangled thread. If the
The thread is tangled, for example, in Remove
thread
is
tangled in the bobbin case,
the bobbin case.
clean the race.
page 89
The sewing lamp is damaged.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
Error messages
If the sewing machine is incorrectly operated or if the sewing machine malfunctions, an error message appears
in the LCD.
The message can be cleared by pressing any key in the operation panel, turning any dial, or performing the
operation correctly.
Error Message
(in LCD)
Probable Cause
Remedy
The start/stop button or the reverse/reinforcement
stitch button was pressed (The foot controller was
depressed if it is connected.) while the presser foot is
raised.
Lower the presser foot
before continuing the operation.
A stitch other than the buttonhole or bar tack stitch
was selected and the start/stop button was pressed
(The foot controller was depressed if it is connected.)
while the buttonhole lever is lowered.
Raise the buttonhole lever
before continuing the operation.
The buttonhole or bar tack stitch was selected and
the start/stop button was pressed (The foot controller
was depressed if it is connected.) while the buttonhole lever is raised.
Lower the buttonhole lever
before continuing the operation.
The reverse/reinforcement stitch button or needle
position button was pressed while the bobbin winder
shaft is moved to the right.
Move the bobbin winder
shaft to the left before continuing the operation.
The start/stop button was pressed, even though the
foot controller is connected.
Disconnect the foot
controller, and then press the
start/stop button. Otherwise,
operate the machine by
using the foot controller.
The motor locked up because the thread is tangled.
Turn off the machine and
remove the tangled thread
before continuing the operation.
The needle mode selection key was pressed to select
twin needle sewing while a stitch that cannot be
used with the twin needle is selected.
Select a stitch that can be
used with the twin needle.
The pattern selection dial was turned to select a pattern while the twin needle setting is selected.
Cancel the twin needle setting, and then select a stitch.
Memo
● If error message “F1” through “F9” appears in the LCD while the sewing machine is being used, the
machine may be malfunctioning. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.
95
4
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Operation beep
Each time a key is pressed or an incorrect operation is performed, a beep is sounded.
■ For a correct operation
One beep is sounded.
■ If an incorrect operation is performed
Two or four beeps are sounded.
■ If the machine locks up, for example, because the thread is tangled
The sewing machine continues to beep for three seconds, and then the machine automatically stops.
Be sure to check for the cause of the error, and correct it before continuing to sew.
Canceling the operation beep
When the sewing machine is purchased, it is set to beep each time an operation panel key is pressed.
This setting can be changed so that the machine does not beep.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b When a beep is heard, release the “-” side of the stitch width key.
While holding the “-” side of
(stitch width key) pressed, turn on the sewing machine.
a “-” side of the stitch width key
X The machine is now set so that it will not beep.
Memo
● Perform the same operation to set the machine so that the operation beep is sounded.
96
Index
Numerics
J
1/4 inch quilting foot......................................................10
1/4 inch quilting foot with guide ....................................10
joining............................................................................78
A
accessory bag...................................................................9
adjustable zipper/piping foot ..........................................10
appliques .......................................................................68
attaching elastic tape......................................................65
B
bar tack stitching ............................................................73
basic stitching ..................................................50, 61, 62
blind hem stitching.........................................................52
blind stitch foot ................................................................9
bobbin .............................................................................9
bobbin cover..................................................................16
bobbin thread...................................................13, 16, 48
button fitting foot..............................................................9
buttonhole......................................................................54
buttonhole foot...................................................9, 56, 73
buttonhole lever ......................................................57, 73
buttonhole stitching........................................................54
C
changing sewing direction..............................................46
cleaning .........................................................................89
cleaning brush...........................................................9, 89
crazy quilts.....................................................................68
D
disc-shaped screwdriver ...................................................9
E
error messages................................................................95
extension table ........................................................10, 35
extra spool pin ..........................................................9, 23
eyelet punch .............................................................9, 57
F
fagoting ..........................................................................76
feed dog position switch..........................................70, 71
feed dogs........................................................................71
flat bed attachment...........................................................8
foot controller ..................................................................9
free-motion quilting........................................................70
H
heirloom stitching ..........................................................78
I
included accessories ........................................................9
M
main power switch.........................................................12
maintenance ..................................................................89
monogramming foot.........................................................9
N
needle ............................................................................25
needle plate cover..........................................................89
needle position...............................................................51
needle position button....................................................16
needle set.........................................................................9
needle stop position .......................................................33
non stick foot .................................................................10
O
open toe foot..................................................................10
operation beep ...............................................................96
operation buttons .............................................................7
operation manual .............................................................9
operation panel ..................................................8, 38, 95
optional accessories .......................................................10
overcasting foot.........................................................9, 50
P
patchwork ......................................................................68
pattern selection dial ......................................................38
power supply .................................................................11
presser foot.....................................................................29
presser foot holder..........................................................30
presser foot lever ............................................................18
presser foot mounting pin...............................................47
Q
quick reference guide.......................................................9
quilting foot.............................................................10, 70
quilting guide .................................................................10
R
race................................................................................89
replacing the needle.......................................................25
S
safety instructions.............................................................1
scallop stitching .............................................................76
screwdriver ......................................................................9
seam ripper ...............................................................9, 57
selecting a stitch.............................................................38
sewing curves.................................................................46
sewing heavyweight fabric .............................................46
sewing lightweight fabric................................................47
sewing machine needles ................................................25
sewing speed controller..................................................15
97
sewing stretch fabrics .....................................................47
sewing thick fabrics........................................................46
side cutter ......................................................................10
smocking........................................................................77
spool cap .........................................................................9
spool net ..........................................................................9
spool pin ........................................................................18
stitch guide foot..............................................................10
stitch length....................................................................38
stitch settings..................................................................85
stitch width ....................................................................38
straight stitch ..................................................................51
stretch stitching ..............................................................65
T
thread guide ...................................................................18
thread tension ................................................................45
thread tension dial..........................................................45
triple stretch stitching .....................................................72
twin needle ...............................................................9, 23
U
upper thread...................................................................18
W
walking foot .....................................................10, 31, 69
Z
zigzag foot ................................................................9, 47
zipper foot.................................................................9, 62
zipper insertion ..............................................................61
98
99
English
885-V12
XE4568-001
Printed in China