Adcom | GFA-5503 | Adcom-GFA-5503-Service

SERVICE MANUAL
3 CHANNEL
POWER AMPLIFIER
GFA-5503
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Test Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Voltage Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8551 East Anderson Drive, Suite 105
Scottsdale, Arizona 85260
USA
Tel: 480-607-2277
Fax: 480-348-9876
Web: http://www.adcom.com
INTRODUCTION
This service manual is intended to assist trained and qualified technical personnel in verifying the
performance of, adjusting, and repairing the ADCOM GFA-5503 amplifier. The procedures described
here are not intended for persons unfamiliar with the appropriate safety and test procedures.
WARNING
THERE ARE POTENTIALLY LETHAL VOLTAGES WITHIN THE GFA-5503 AMPLIFIER WHICH WILL
BE ACCESSIBLE ONCE ITS TOP COVER IS REMOVED. DO NOT ATTEMPT FAMILIARIZATION,
INSPECTION, OR ANY PROCEDURE WHATSOEVER UNLESS YOU HAVE DISCONNECTED THE
GFA-5503 FROM THE WALL AC OUTLET OR OTHER SOURCE OF AC POWER AND THE POWERSUPPLY CAPACITORS ARE COMPLETELY DISCHARGED. THESE INSTRUCTIONS ARE
PROVIDED FOR USE ONLY BY COMPETENT TECHNICAL PERSONNEL. DO NOT UNDERTAKE
ANY SERVICE PROCEDURES IN THE GFA-5503 UNLESS YOU ARE TECHNICALLY QUALIFIED
TO DO SO.
TEST PROCEDURES
•
•
•
•
•
All tests are performed with a 115V, low-distortion (less than 2% THD), AC-power source, 8-ohm
resistive load (except slew rate), and a signal source of not more than 600 ohms.
An 80kHz low-pass filter is employed during THD distortion measurements.
Signal-to-noise measurements are “A” weighted.
Damping factor is measured by comparing the 1 watt output voltage with and without an 8 ohm load.
Slew rate is measured with an inductive load, and is derived with a dual-time-based oscilloscope
reading the slope of a full power 5kHz square wave. DO NOT OPERATE THE AMPLIFIER AT
FULL-POWER SINE WAVE ABOVE 22kHz OR FULL-POWER SQUARE WAVE ABOVE 5kHz.
IMPORTANT
BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH ADJUSTMENTS, MAKE SURE AMPLIFIER IS AT ROOM
TEMPERATURE.
CORRECT BIAS ADJUSTMENT IS CRITICAL TO THE PERFORMANCE OF THIS AMPLIFIER.
MAXIMUM OUTPUT POWER, MINIMUM THD AND HEAT DISSIPATION ARE AFFECTED BY THE
BIAS SETTING AND MUST BE CORRECT TO MAINTAIN THE SONIC QUALITY AND LONGEVITY
OF THE AMPLIFIER.
BIAS ALIGNMENT
Prior to performing BIAS ALIGNMENT turn unit on and allow to idle for approximately 5 MINUTES before
attempting adjustments.
1. Connect millivoltmeter across emitter resistor R52 for left channel (R52 for center channel, R51 for
right channel)
2. Adjust bias pot P2 until meter reads 50mV +/- 5mV
DC OFFSET ADJUSTMENT
1. Connect millivoltmeter across speaker output
2. Adjust DC offset pot P1 until meter reads 0mV +/- 10mV
1
a GFA-5503 SERVICE PARTS LIST
AMPLIFIER MODULE PCB
SCHEMATIC
LOCATION
C01
C02
C03
C04
C05
C06
C07
C09
F1,F2
LED1
LED2
P01
P02
Q01,Q02
Q03,Q04
Q05
Q06
Q07
Q08
Q09
Q10,Q11
Q12
Q13
Q14
Q14
Q15
Q16
Q17
Q18
Q19
Q20
Q21
Q22
Q23
Q24
R01
R02
R03
R04
R05
R06
R07
R08
R09
R10
R11
R12
R13
ADCOM PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION
XXXXX
12001075
12005280
12001085
12001480
12001470
12005325
12005380
19000800
16001204
16001254
35001550
35001550
33002100
33000092
33007570
33009210
33009610
33002100
33006570
33000610
33000042
33006570
33007570
33000092
33002400
33000924
33002400
33000924
33002400
33000924
33002400
33000924
33002400
33000924
27001565
27002480
27002365
27002480
27002030
27002280
27002170
27001565
27001565
27002010
27002030
27002365
27002240
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR SILVER MICA
CAPACITOR SILVER MICA
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
RAIL FUSE
THERMAL LED
DISTORTION LED
DC OFFSET POT
BIAS POT
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
TRANSISTOR
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
2
390pF 100V
2.2uF 100V
47uF 50V
0.22uF 100V
15pF 100V
20pF 100V
4.7uF 50V
47uF 25V
8A 250V
LTL1204 (RED)
LTL1254 (YELLOW)
5K
5K
IRFD210
MPSA92
ZTX757
IRFD9210
IRF9610
IRFD210
ZTX657
IRF610
MPSA42
ZTX657
ZTX757
MPSA92
IRFP240
IRFP9240
IRFP240
IRFP9240
IRFP240
IRFP9240
IRFP240
IRFP9240
IRFP240
IRFP9240
221R
1.82K
49.9K
1.82K
10K
15K
475R
221R
221R
100R
10K
49.9K
7.5K
SCHEMATIC
LOCATION
R14
R15
R16
R16A
R17
R18
R19
R20
R21
R22
R23
R24
R25,R26
R27,R28
R29,R30
R32
R33-R42
R43-R52
R53
TB101
Z01-Z08
ADCOM PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION
27002025
27002030
27002500
27002500
27001565
27001565
27001515
27002010
27002030
27002200
27001530
27003035
27002410
27003390
27003090
27002365
27003390
27006045
27002030
32006000
16000082
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR ROED
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR ROED
THERMAL BREAKER
DIODE
1.5K
10K
33.2K
33.2K
221R
221R
4.75R
100R
10K
4.99K
2.74K
5.1K 1W
4.75K
220R 1/2W
47R 1/2W
49.9K
220R 1/2W
0.68R 5W
10K
ZENER 8.2V
POWER SUPPLY PCB
SCHEMATIC
LOCATION
BR1-BR3
C02
C04
C06
C08
C10
C12
C13
C16
C19
C22
C25
C28
C14,C15
C17,C18
C20,C21
C23,C24
C26,C27
C29,C30
C01
C03
C05
C07
ADCOM PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION
16003504
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12001235
12005265
12005265
12005265
12005265
12005265
12005265
12005525
12005525
12005525
12005525
BRIDGE RECTIFIER
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
3
300V 35A
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
0.1uF 250V
1000uF 100V
1000uF 100V
1000uF 100V
1000uF 100V
1000uF 100V
1000uF 100V
18,000uF 100V
18,000uF 100V
18,000uF 100V
18,000uF 100V
SCHEMATIC
LOCATION
C09
C11
D01-D12
R11,R12
R17,R18
R23,R24
R09,R10
R15,R16
R21,R22
R07,R08
R13,R14
R19,R20
R25
R1-R6
TH1-TH3
ADCOM PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION
12005525
12005525
16004004
27003300
27003300
27003300
27003355
27003355
27003355
27003365
27003365
27003365
27003335
27003280
31005500
CAPACITOR ELEC
CAPACITOR ELEC
DIODE
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
RESISTOR
THERMISTOR
18,000uF 100V
18,000uF 100V
1N4004
10R 2W
10R 2W
10R 2W
15K 2W
15K 2W
15K 2W
22R 2W
22R 2W
22R 2W
6.8K 1W
8.2K 2W
CL40
OUTPUT PCB
SCHEMATIC
LOCATION
C8
R31
ADCOM PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION
30005800
12001235
27001000
BINDING POST
CAPACITOR
RESISTOR
0.1uF 250V
4.7R 2W
OTHERS
SCHEMATIC
LOCATION
C31
F3
TH4
ADCOM PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION
12005700
19001200
33005500
13005500
13005504
13005505
37001325
22001170
13005501
13005805
SPARK KILLER
MAIN FUSE
THERMISTOR
FRONT PANEL
HEATSINK LEFT
HEATSINK RIGHT
POWER SWITCH
RCA INPUT JACK
TOP COVER
FOOT
4
0.01uF 1500V
15A 250V
CL40
a GFA-5503 Voltage Conversion
The GFA-5503 amplifier is produced in both a 120VAC only version and a multivoltage (120VAC or
230VAC convertible) version. The version can usually be distinguished by external inspection. The
120VAC only version has a fixed AC line cord. The convertible version has a detachable line cord.
Internally, their are two differences. The toroid transformer in the convertible version has 2 primaries; the
first primary has a black and brown lead, the second primary has a black and brown lead with white
stripe. The toroid transformer in the 120VAC only version has only the brown and black lead (1 primary
winding). Additionally, the connecting block mounted next to the power switch is different in both
versions. In the multivoltage unit, this connecting block has 6 pair of mounting leads (as is shown in the
figures below). In the 120VAC only version, the connecting block has only 4 pairs of mounts.
The conversion procedure for the multivoltage GFA-5503 unit is listed below.
Conversion of Multivoltage Units
120V to 230V
1. Unplug the amplifier and remove the top cover.
2. Locate the connecting block mounted next to the power switch.
3. Move the transformer leads so they are configured as shown in figure 1.
4. Change the rear panel AC fuse from 15A to 8A, AGC. Place a sticker on the rear panel at the fuse
holder to show the new value fuse (8A) and new value operating voltage (230VAC).
5. Test the unit with a 230VAC source.
White
(from AC fuse)
KC103P
KCC
CL-10
Black/White
(to xformer)
Brown/White
(to xformer)
Black
(to xformer)
Brown
(to xformer)
Figure 1: Transformer lead configuration for 230VAC operation (multivoltage units)
230V to 120V
5
1. Unplug the amplifier and remove the top cover.
2. Locate the connecting block mounted next to the power switch.
3. Move the transformer leads so they are configured as shown in figure 2.
4. Change the rear panel AC fuse from 8A to 15A, AGC. Place a sticker on the rear panel at the fuse
holder to show the new value fuse (15A) and new value operating voltage (120VAC).
5. Test the unit with a 120VAC source.
White
(from AC fuse)
KC103P
KCC
CL-10
Black/White
(to xformer)
Black
(to xformer)
Brown/White
(to xformer)
Brown
(to xformer)
Figure 2: Transformer lead configuration for 120VAC operation (multivoltage units)
6
GFA-5503 SPECIFICATIONS
Power Rating (To FTC Requirements)
200 watts continuous average power per channel into 8 ohms at any frequency between 20Hz to 20kHz with
all channels driven at less than 0.18% THD
350 watts continuous average power per channel into 4 ohms at any frequency between 20Hz to 20kHz with
all channels driven at less than 0.18% THD
IM Distortion (SMPTE)
1 watt to 200 watts into 8 ohms ............................................................................................................................. ≤ 0.05%
1 watt to 350 watts into 4 ohms ............................................................................................................................. ≤ 0.05%
IM Distortion (CCIF, Any Combination from 4kHz to 20kHz)
200 watts into 8 ohms............................................................................................................................................ ≤ 0.04%
350 watts into 4 ohms............................................................................................................................................ ≤ 0.04%
THD + Noise at 200 watts into 8 ohms (Typical)
20Hz....................................................................................................................................................................... 0.018%
1kHz ......................................................................................................................................................................... 0.02%
10kHz ....................................................................................................................................................................... 0.07%
20kHz ....................................................................................................................................................................... 0.13%
THD + Noise at 350 watts into 4 ohms (Typical)
20Hz....................................................................................................................................................................... 0.018%
1kHz ......................................................................................................................................................................... 0.02%
10kHz ...................................................................................................................................................................... . 0.08%
20kHz ....................................................................................................................................................................... 0.16%
Frequency Response @ 1 Watt into 8 ohms (10Hz to 20kHz) ................................................................................. +0, -0.25dB
Power Bandwidth (-3dB) ....................................................................................................................................... 3Hz to 130kHz
Dynamic Headroom into 4 ohms ....................................................................................................................................... 1.7 dB
Signal to Noise Ratio, “A” Weighted (200 watts into 8 ohms) .................................................................................... . ≥ 100dB
Gain........................................................................................................................................................................................ 29dB
Input Sensitivity
for 1 Watt............................................................................................................................................................... 0.1 volts
for 200 Watts ......................................................................................................................................................... 1.4 volts
Input Impedance ................................................................................................................................................................ 49.9kΩ
Damping Factor (20Hz to 20kHz) ........................................................................................................................................ ≥ 700
Rise Time (5kHz, 90V, peak-to-peak square wave, 20% to 80%)...................................................................................... 1.5µS
Power Consumption (Continuous, All Channels Driven)
Quiescent ................................................................................................................................................................ 199VA
Maximum................................................................................................................................................................. 855VA
80 watts into 8 ohms.............................................................................................................................................. 1440VA
125 watts into 4 ohms.............................................................................................................................................. 720VA
Power (Available in 230VAC on special order)................................................................................................. 115VAC - 50/60Hz
Chassis Dimensions.................................................................................................. 7” (178mm) x 17” (432mm) x 16” (406mm)
Maximum Dimensions ......................................................................................... 7 1/4” (184mm) x 17” (432mm) x 16” (406mm)
Weight....................................................................................................................................................................... 57 lb. (20 kg)
Weight, Packed ........................................................................................................................................................ 63 lb. (23 kg)
7
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