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Campus Wireless LAN
Technology DEsign GUIDE
August 2013
Table of Contents
Preface.........................................................................................................................................1
CVD Navigator..............................................................................................................................2
Use Cases................................................................................................................................... 2
Scope.......................................................................................................................................... 2
Proficiency................................................................................................................................... 2
Introduction..................................................................................................................................3
Technology Use Cases................................................................................................................ 3
Use Case: Network Access for Mobile Devices....................................................................... 3
Use Case: Guest Wireless Access.......................................................................................... 3
Design Overview.......................................................................................................................... 4
Deployment Components........................................................................................................ 5
Design Models........................................................................................................................ 7
High Availability........................................................................................................................ 9
Multicast Support.................................................................................................................. 10
Guest Wireless...................................................................................................................... 10
Deployment Details.....................................................................................................................12
Configuring the RADIUS Server: Cisco Secure ACS..............................................................13
Configuring the RADIUS Server: Windows Server 2008....................................................... 22
Configuring On-Site Wireless Controllers.............................................................................. 39
Configuring Remote-Site Wireless with Cisco FlexConnect.................................................. 71
Configuring Guest Wireless: Shared Guest Controller.......................................................... 112
Configuring Guest Wireless: Dedicated Guest Controller.....................................................128
Appendix A: Product List.......................................................................................................... 176
Table of Contents
Preface
Cisco Validated Designs (CVDs) provide the framework for systems design based on common use cases or
current engineering system priorities. They incorporate a broad set of technologies, features, and applications to
address customer needs. Cisco engineers have comprehensively tested and documented each CVD in order to
ensure faster, more reliable, and fully predictable deployment.
CVDs include two guide types that provide tested and validated design and deployment details:
• Technology design guides provide deployment details, information about validated products and
software, and best practices for specific types of technology.
• Solution design guides integrate or reference existing CVDs, but also include product features and
functionality across Cisco products and may include information about third-party integration.
Both CVD types provide a tested starting point for Cisco partners or customers to begin designing and deploying
systems using their own setup and configuration.
How to Read Commands
Many CVD guides tell you how to use a command-line interface (CLI) to configure network devices. This section
describes the conventions used to specify commands that you must enter.
Commands to enter at a CLI appear as follows:
configure terminal
Commands that specify a value for a variable appear as follows:
ntp server 10.10.48.17
Commands with variables that you must define appear as follows:
class-map [highest class name]
Commands at a CLI or script prompt appear as follows:
Router# enable
Long commands that line wrap are underlined. Enter them as one command:
police rate 10000 pps burst 10000 packets conform-action set-discard-classtransmit 48 exceed-action transmit
Noteworthy parts of system output or device configuration files appear highlighted, as follows:
interface Vlan64
ip address 10.5.204.5 255.255.255.0
Comments and Questions
If you would like to comment on a guide or ask questions, please use the feedback form.
For the most recent CVD guides, see the following site:
http://www.cisco.com/go/cvd
Preface
August 2013
1
CVD Navigator
The CVD Navigator helps you determine the applicability of this guide by summarizing its key elements: the use cases, the
scope or breadth of the technology covered, the proficiency or experience recommended, and CVDs related to this guide.
This section is a quick reference only. For more details, see the Introduction.
Use Cases
This guide addresses the following technology use cases:
• Network Access for Mobile Devices—At the headquarters
and remote sites, mobile users require the same accessibility,
security, quality of service (QoS), and high availability currently
enjoyed by wired users.
• Guest Wireless Access—Most organizations host guest useraccess services for customers, partners, contractors, and
vendors. Often these services give guest users the ability to
check their email and other services over the Internet.
Related CVD Guides
VALIDATED
DESIGN
VALIDATED
DESIGN
Campus CleanAir Technology
Design Guide
Campus Wired LAN
Technology Design Guide
For more information, see the “Use Cases” section in this guide.
Scope
This guide covers the following areas of technology and products:
VALIDATED
DESIGN
Device Management Using
ACS Technology Design Guide
• Onsite, remote-site, and guest wireless LAN controllers
• Internet edge firewalls and demilitarized zone (DMZ) switching
• Campus routing, switching, and multicast
• High availability wireless using access point stateful switchover
(AP SSO)
• Management of user authentication and policy
• Integration of the above with the LAN and data center
switching infrastructure
Proficiency
This guide is for people with the following technical proficiencies—or
equivalent experience:
• CCNP Wireless—3 to 5 years designing, installing, and
troubleshooting wireless LANs
• CCNP Security—3 to 5 years testing, deploying, configuring,
maintaining security appliances and other devices that
establish the security posture of the network
• VCP VMware—At least 6 months installing, deploying, scaling,
and managing VMware vSphere environments
CVD Navigator
To view the related CVD guides,
click the titles or visit the following site:
http://www.cisco.com/go/cvd
August 2013
2
Introduction
Technology Use Cases
With the adoption of smartphones and tablets, the need to stay connected while mobile has evolved from a niceto-have to a must-have. The use of wireless technologies improves our effectiveness and efficiency by allowing
us to stay connected, regardless of the location or platform being used. As an integrated part of the conventional
wired network design, wireless technology allows connectivity while we move about throughout the day.
Wireless technologies have the capabilities to turn cafeterias, home offices, classrooms, and our vehicles into
meeting places with the same effectiveness as being connected to the wired network. In fact, the wireless
network has in many cases become more strategic in our lives than wired networks have been. Given our
reliance on mobility, network access for mobile devices, including guest wireless access, is essential.
Use Case: Network Access for Mobile Devices
At the headquarters and remote sites, the mobile user requires the same accessibility, security, quality of service
(QoS), and high availability currently enjoyed by wired users.
This design guide enables the following network capabilities:
• Mobility within buildings or campus—Facilitates implementation of applications that require an always-on
network and that involve movement within a campus environment.
• Secure network connectivity—Enables employees to be authenticated through IEEE 802.1x and
Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP), and encrypts all information sent and received on the WLAN.
• Simple device access—Allows employees to attach any of their devices to the WLAN using only their
Microsoft Active Directory credentials.
• Voice services—Enables the mobility and flexibility of wireless networking to Cisco Compatible
Extensions voice-enabled client devices.
• Consistent capabilities—Enables users to experience the same network services at main sites and
remote offices.
Use Case: Guest Wireless Access
Most organizations host guest user-access services for customers, partners, contractors, and vendors. Often
these services give guest users the ability to check their email and other services over the Internet.
This design guide enables the following network capabilities:
• Allows Internet access for guest users and denies them access to corporate resources
• Allows groups of users called sponsors to create and manage guest user accounts
• Enables the use of shared and dedicated guest controller architectures
Introduction
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Design Overview
This deployment uses a wireless network in order to provide ubiquitous data and voice connectivity for
employees and to provide wireless guest access for visitors to connect to the Internet.
Regardless of their location within the organization, on large campuses, or at remote sites, wireless users can
have a similar experience when connecting to voice, video, and data services.
Benefits:
• Productivity gains through secure, location-independent network access—Measurable productivity
improvements and communication.
• Additional network flexibility—Hard-to-wire locations can be reached without costly construction.
• Cost effective deployment — Adoption of virtualized technologies within the overall wireless
architecture.
• Easy to manage and operate—From a single pane of glass, an organization has centralized control of a
distributed wireless environment.
• Plug-and-play deployment—Automatic provisioning when an access point is connected to the
supporting wired network.
• Resilient, fault-tolerant design—Reliable wireless connectivity in mission-critical environments, including
complete RF-spectrum management.
• Support for wireless users—Bring your Own Device (BYOD) design models.
• Efficient transmission of multicast traffic— Support for many group communication applications, such as
video and push-to-talk.
This Cisco Validated Design (CVD) deployment uses a controller-based wireless design. Centralizing
configuration and control on the Cisco wireless LAN controller (WLC) allows the wireless LAN (WLAN) to operate
as an intelligent information network and support advanced services. This centralized deployment simplifies
operational management by collapsing large numbers of managed endpoints.
The following are some of the benefits of a centralized wireless deployment:
• Lower operational expenses—A controller-based, centralized architecture enables zero-touch
configurations for lightweight access points. Similarly, it enables easy design of channel and power
settings and real-time management, including identifying any RF holes in order to optimize the RF
environment. The architecture offers seamless mobility across the various access points within the
mobility group. A controller-based architecture gives the network administrator a holistic view of the
network and the ability to make decisions about scale, security, and overall operations.
• Improved Return on Investment—With the adoption of virtualization, wireless deployments can now
utilize a virtualized instance of the wireless LAN controller, reducing the total cost of ownership by
leveraging their investment in virtualization.
• Easier way to scale with optimal design—As the wireless deployment scales for pervasive coverage and
to address the ever-increasing density of clients, operational complexity starts growing exponentially. In
such a scenario, having the right architecture enables the network to scale well. Cisco wireless networks
support two design models, local mode for campus environments and Cisco FlexConnect for lean
remote sites.
Introduction
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Figure 1 - Wireless overview
Data
Center
Internet Edge
On-site
WLCs
Internet
Guest
WLC
Remote
Site WLCs
WAN
On-site
WLCs
Remote
Site
Headquarters
CAPWAP
Wireless Data
Guest Tunnel
Wireless Voice
Guest
2193
Regional Site
Deployment Components
The CVD WLAN deployment is built around two main components: Cisco wireless LAN controllers and Cisco
lightweight access points.
Cisco Wireless LAN Controllers
Cisco wireless LAN controllers are responsible for system-wide WLAN functions, such as security policies,
intrusion prevention, RF management, quality of service (QoS), and mobility. They work in conjunction with
Cisco lightweight access points to support business-critical wireless applications. From voice and data services
to location tracking, Cisco wireless LAN controllers provide the control, scalability, security, and reliability that
network managers need to build secure, scalable wireless networks—from large campus environments to remote
sites.
Although a standalone controller can support lightweight access points across multiple floors and buildings
simultaneously, you should deploy controllers in pairs for resiliency. There are many different ways to configure
controller resiliency; the simplest is to use a primary/secondary model where all the access points at the site
prefer to join the primary controller and only join the secondary controller during a failure event. However, even
when configured as a pair, wireless LAN controllers do not share configuration information. Each wireless LAN
controller must be configured separately.
Introduction
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The following controllers are included in this release of CVD:
• Cisco 2500 Series Wireless LAN Controller—This controller supports up to 75 lightweight access points
and 1000 clients. Cisco 2500 Series Wireless LAN Controllers are ideal for small, single-site WLAN
deployments.
• Cisco 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller—This controller supports up to 500 lightweight access
points and 7000 clients, making it ideal for large-site and multi-site WLAN deployments.
• Cisco Virtual Wireless LAN Controller—vWLCs are compatible with ESXi 4.x and 5.x and support up
to 200 lightweight access points across two or more Cisco FlexConnect groups and 3000 clients total.
Each vWLC has a maximum aggregate throughput of 500 Mbps when centrally switched with additional
capacity achieved horizontally through the use of mobility groups. The virtualized appliance is well suited
for small and medium-sized deployments utilizing a FlexConnect architecture.
• Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller—Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller for up to 6000
Cisco access points supports up to 64,000 clients. This controller is designed to meet the scaling
requirements to deploy the Cisco FlexConnect solution in remote-site networks.
Because software license flexibility allows you to add additional access points as business requirements change,
you can choose the controller that will support your needs long-term, but you purchase incremental accesspoint licenses only when you need them.
Cisco Lightweight Access Points
In the Cisco Unified Wireless Network architecture, access points are lightweight. This means they cannot act
independently of a wireless LAN controller (WLC). The lightweight access points (LAPs) have to first discover
the WLCs and register with them before the LAPs service wireless clients. There are two primary ways that the
access point can discover a WLC:
• Domain Name System (DNS)—When a single WLC pair is deployed in an organization, the simplest way
to enable APs to discover a WLC is by creating a DNS entry for cisco-capwap-controller that resolves to
the management IP addresses of WLCs.
• Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)—Traditionally, when multiple WLC pairs are deployed in
an organization, DHCP Option 43 was used to map access points to their WLCs. Using Option 43 allows
remote sites and each campus to define a unique mapping.
As the access point communicates with the WLC resources, it will download its configuration and synchronize its
software or firmware image, if required.
Cisco lightweight access points work in conjunction with a Cisco wireless LAN controller to connect wireless
devices to the LAN while supporting simultaneous data-forwarding and air-monitoring functions. The CVD
wireless design is based on Cisco 802.11n wireless access points, which offer robust wireless coverage with up
to nine times the throughput of 802.11a/b/g networks. The following access points are included in this release of
the CVD:
• Cisco Aironet 1600 Series Access Points are targeted for small and medium enterprises seeking to
deploy or migrate to 802.11n technology at a low price point. The access point features a 3x3 MIMO
radio with support for two spatial-streams.
Wireless networks are more than just a convenience; they are mission-critical to the business. However, wireless
operates in a shared spectrum with a variety of applications and devices competing for bandwidth in enterprise
environments. More than ever, IT managers need to have visibility into their wireless spectrum to manage RF
interference and prevent unexpected downtime. Cisco CleanAir provides performance protection for 802.11n
networks. This silicon-level intelligence creates a self-healing, self-optimizing wireless network that mitigates the
impact of wireless interference.
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This release of the CVD includes two Cisco CleanAir access points:
• Cisco Aironet 2600 Series Access Points with Cisco CleanAir technology create a self-healing, selfoptimizing wireless network. By intelligently avoiding interference, they provide the high-performance
802.11n connectivity for mission-critical mobility and performance protection for reliable application
delivery.
• Cisco Aironet 3600 Series Access Points with Cisco CleanAir technology deliver more coverage for
tablets, smart phones, and high-performance laptops. This next-generation access point is a 4x4 MIMO,
three-spatial-stream access point, resulting in up to three times more availability of 450 Mbps rates and
performance optimization for more mobile devices.
For more information on Cisco CleanAir, see the Campus CleanAir Design Guide.
Design Models
Cisco Unified Wireless networks support two major design models: local-mode and Cisco FlexConnect.
Local-Mode Design Model
In a local-mode design model, the wireless LAN controller and access points are co-located. The wireless
LAN controller is connected to a LAN distribution layer at the site, and traffic between wireless LAN clients and
the LAN is tunneled in Control and Provisioning of Wireless Access Points (CAPWAP) protocol between the
controller and the access point.
Figure 2 - Local-mode design model
Data
Center
CAPWAP
Introduction
Wireless Data
Wireless Voice
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LAN
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A local-mode architecture uses the controller as a single point for managing Layer 2 security and wireless
network policies. It also enables services to be applied to wired and wireless traffic in a consistent and
coordinated fashion.
In addition to providing the traditional benefits of a Cisco Unified Wireless Network approach, the local-mode
design model meets the following customer demands:
• Seamless mobility—In a campus environment, it is crucial that users remain connected to their session
even while walking between various floors or adjacent buildings with changing subnets. The local
controller–based Cisco Unified Wireless network enables fast roaming across the campus.
• Ability to support rich media—As wireless has become the primary mode of network access in many
campus environments, voice and video applications have grown in significance. The local-mode design
model enhances robustness of voice with Call Admission Control (CAC) and multicast with Cisco
VideoStream technology.
• Centralized policy—The consolidation of data at a single place in the network enables intelligent
inspection through the use of firewalls, as well as application inspection, network access control, and
policy enforcement. In addition, network policy servers enable correct classification of traffic from
various device types and from different users and applications.
If any of the following are true at a site, you should deploy a controller locally at the site:
• The site has a LAN distribution layer.
• The site has more than 50 access points.
• The site has a WAN latency greater than 100 ms round-trip to a proposed shared controller.
In a deployment with these characteristics, use either a Cisco 2500 or 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller. For
resiliency, the design uses two wireless LAN controllers for the campus, although you can add more wireless
LAN controllers in order to provide additional capacity and resiliency to this design.
Cisco FlexConnect Design Model
Cisco FlexConnect is a wireless solution for remote-site deployments. It enables organizations to configure and
control remote-site access points from the headquarters through the WAN, without deploying a controller in
each remote site.
If all of the following are true at a site, deploy Cisco FlexConnect at the site:
• The site LAN is a single access-layer switch or switch stack.
• The site has fewer than 50 access points.
• The site has a WAN latency less than 100 ms round-trip to the shared controller.
The Cisco FlexConnect access point can switch client data traffic out its local wired interface and can
use 802.1Q trunking in order to segment multiple WLANs. The trunk native VLAN is used for all CAPWAP
communication between the access point and the controller.
Introduction
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Figure 3 - Cisco FlexConnect design model
Data
Center
WAN
CAPWAP
Remote
Site
Remote
Site
Wireless Data
Wireless Voice
2195
Remote
Site
Cisco FlexConnect can also tunnel traffic back to the controller, which is specifically used for wireless guest
access.
You can use a shared controller pair or a dedicated controller pair in order to deploy Cisco FlexConnect.
If you have an existing local-mode controller pair at the same site as your WAN aggregation, and if the controller
pair has enough additional capacity to support the Cisco FlexConnect access points, you can use a shared
deployment. In a shared deployment, the controller pair supports both local-mode and Cisco FlexConnect
access points concurrently.
If you don’t meet the requirements for a shared controller, you can deploy a dedicated controller pair by using
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, virtual wireless LAN controller, or Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud
Controller. The controller should reside in and be connected to the server room or data center switches. For
resiliency, the design uses two controllers for the remote sites, although you can add more controllers in order to
provide additional capacity and resiliency to this design.
High Availability
As mobility continues to increase its influence in all aspects of our personal and professional lives, availability
continues to be a top concern. The Cisco Validated Design models continue to support high availability through
the use of resilient controllers within a common mobility group.
With the advent of access point stateful switchover (AP SSO), the resiliency of the wireless network continues
to improve. By adopting the cost effective AP SSO licensing model, Cisco wireless deployments can improve
the availability of the wireless network with recovery times in the sub-second range during a WLC disruption. In
addition, AP SSO allows the resilient WLC to be cost-effectively licensed as a standby controller with its access
point (AP) license count being automatically inherited from its paired primary WLC.
Introduction
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Operational and policy benefits also improve as the configuration and software upgrades of the primary WLC are
automatically synchronized to the resilient standby WLC. Support for AP SSO is available on Cisco 5500 Series
Wireless LAN Controllers and on Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controllers.
Multicast Support
Video and voice applications are growing exponentially as smartphones, tablets, and PCs continue to be added
to wireless networks in all aspects of our daily life. Multicast is required in order to enable the efficient delivery
of certain one-to-many applications, such as video and push-to-talk group communications. By extending the
support of multicast beyond that of the campus and data center, mobile users can now use multicast-based
applications.
This design guide now fully supports multicast transmission for the onsite controller through the use of MulticastMulticast mode. Multicast-Multicast mode uses a multicast IP address in order to communicate multicast streams
to access points that have wireless users subscribing to a particular multicast group. Multicast-Multicast mode is
supported on both the Cisco 2500 and 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controllers.
Remote sites that utilized the Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller or vWLC using Cisco FlexConnect in local
switching mode can also benefit from the use of multicast-based applications. Multicast in remote sites leverage
the underlying WAN and LAN support of multicast traffic. When combined with access points in FlexConnect
mode using local switching, subscribers to multicast streams are serviced directly over the WAN or LAN network
with no additional overhead being placed on the Wireless LAN Controller.
In each of the wireless design models in this CVD, the multicast support that users are accustomed to on a wired
network is available wirelessly for those applications and user groups that require it.
Guest Wireless
Using the organization’s existing WLAN for guest access provides a convenient, cost-effective way to offer
Internet access for visitors and contractors. The wireless guest network provides the following functionality:
• Provides Internet access to guests through an open wireless Secure Set Identifier (SSID), with web
access control.
• Supports the creation of temporary authentication credentials for each guest by an authorized internal
user.
• Keeps traffic on the guest network separate from the internal network in order to prevent a guest from
accessing internal network resources.
• Supports both local-mode and Cisco FlexConnect design models.
Introduction
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Figure 4 - Wireless architecture overview
Data
Center
Internet Edge
On-site
WLCs
Internet
Guest
WLC
Remote
Site WLCs
WAN
On-site
WLCs
Remote
Site
Headquarters
CAPWAP
Wireless Data
Guest Tunnel
Wireless Voice
Guest
2193
Regional Site
You can use a shared controller pair or a dedicated controller in the Internet demilitarized zone (DMZ) in order to
deploy a wireless guest network.
If you have one controller pair for the entire organization and that controller pair is connected to the same
distribution switch as the Internet edge firewall, you can use a shared deployment. In a shared deployment, a
VLAN is created on the distribution switch in order to logically connect guest traffic from the WLCs to the DMZ.
The VLAN will not have an associated Layer 3 interface or switch virtual interface (SVI), and the wireless clients
on the guest network will point to the Internet edge firewall as their default gateway.
If you don’t meet the requirements for a shared deployment, you can use Cisco 5500 or 2500 Series Wireless
LAN Controllers in order to deploy a dedicated guest controller. The controller is directly connected the Internet
edge DMZ, and guest traffic from every other controller in the organization is tunneled to this controller.
In both the shared and dedicated guest wireless design models, the Internet edge firewall restricts access from
the guest network. The guest network is only able to reach the Internet and the internal DHCP and DNS servers.
Introduction
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Deployment Details
This design guide uses certain standard design parameters and references various network infrastructure
services that are not located within the wireless LAN (WLAN). These parameters are listed in the following table.
In the “Site-specific values” column, enter the values that are specific to your organization.
Table 1 - Universal design parameters
Network service
CVD values
Domain name
cisco.local
Active Directory, DNS server, DHCP
server
10.4.48.10
Network Time Protocol (NTP) server
10.4.48.17
SNMP read-only community
cisco
SNMP read-write community
cisco123
Site-specific values
Many organizations use the RADIUS protocol to authenticate users to both their wired and wireless networks.
These access control systems (ACS) often integrate to a common local directory that contains specific
information regarding the user. Common examples include an LDAP-based user directory as well as Microsoft
Active Directory.
In addition to providing user authentication services, network components such as switches, wireless LAN
controllers, routers, firewalls, and so forth require administrative authentication and authorization when used by
the network administrator to perform maintenance and configuration support.
In order to provide a customizable granular authorization list for network administrators as to the level of
commands that they are permitted to execute, the TACACS+ (Terminal Access Control Access Control System)
protocol is commonly used. Both TACACS+ and RADIUS protocols are available when deploying the Cisco
Secure ACS solution.
If your organization has an existing Microsoft RADIUS server that is used to authenticate end user access for
remote VPN, dial-up modem, and so forth, it may be a good choice to deploy the wireless user authentication
using the existing Microsoft RADIUS server. If however, your organization requires both TACACS+ for
administrative access and RADIUS for wireless user authentication, the Cisco Secure ACS solution is the
recommend choice. Cisco Secure ACS interfaces directly to an existing Microsoft Active Directory, eliminating
the need to define users in two separate authentication repositories.
If you don’t require a comprehensive ACS system that spans the entire organization’s management and user
access, a simple RADIUS server can be used as an alternative to Cisco Secure ACS.
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Configuring the RADIUS Server: Cisco Secure ACS
PROCESS
1. Create the wireless device type group
2. Create the TACACS+ shell profile
3. Modify the device admin access policy
4. Create the network access policy
5. Modify the network access policy
6. Create the network device
7. Enable the default network device
For information about configuring the RADIUS server on Windows Server 2008, skip to the next process.
Cisco Secure Access Control System (ACS) is the centralized identity and access policy solution that ties
together an organization’s network access policy and identity strategy. Cisco Secure ACS operates as a
centralized authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) server that combines user authentication, user
and administrator access control, and policy control in a single solution.
Cisco Secure ACS 5.3 uses a rule-based policy model, which allows for security policies that grant access
privileges based on many different attributes and conditions in addition to a user’s identity.
This guide assumes that you have already configured Cisco Secure Access Control System (ACS). Only the
procedures required to support the integration of wireless into the deployment are included. Full details on Cisco
Secure ACS configuration are included in the Device Management Using ACS Design Guide.
Tech Tip
It has been found that certain browsers may render Cisco Secure ACS differently. In
some cases, a browser may omit fields that are required for proper configuration. It is
recommended that you refer to the following Secure ACS 5.3 release notes in order to
obtain a list of supported browsers:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/net_mgmt/cisco_secure_access_control_system/5.3/
release/notes/acs_53_rn.html#wp222016
Procedure 1
Create the wireless device type group
Step 1: Navigate to the Cisco Secure ACS Administration Page. (Example: https://acs.cisco.local)
Step 2: In Network Resources > Network Device Groups > Device Type, click Create.
Step 3: In the Name box, enter a name for the group. (Example: WLC)
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Step 4: In the Parent box, select All Device Types, and then click Submit.
Procedure 2
Create the TACACS+ shell profile
You must create a shell profile for the WLCs that contains a custom attribute that assigns the user full
administrative rights when the user logs in to the WLC.
Step 1: In Policy Elements > Authorization and Permissions > Device Administration > Shell Profiles, click
Create.
Step 2: On the General tab, In the Name box, enter a name for the wireless shell profile. (Example: WLC Shell)
Step 3: On the Custom Attributes tab, in the Attribute box, enter role1.
Step 4: In the Requirement list, choose Mandatory.
Step 5: In the Value box, enter ALL, and then click Add.
Step 6: In the Attribute Value list, choose Static, and then click Submit.
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Procedure 3
Modify the device admin access policy
First, you must exclude WLCs from the existing authorization rule.
Step 1: In Access Policies > Default Device Admin >Authorization, click the Network Admin rule.
Step 2: Under Conditions, select NDG:Device Type, and in the filter list, choose not in.
Step 3: In the box to the right of the filter list, select All Device Types:WLC, and then click OK.
Next, you create a WLC authorization rule.
Step 4: In Access Policies > Default Device Admin >Authorization, click Create.
Step 5: In the Name box, enter a name for the WLC authorization rule. (Example: WLC Admin)
Step 6: Under Conditions, select Identity Group, and in the box, select All Groups:Network Admins.
Step 7: Select NDG:Device Type, and in the box, select All Device Types:WLC.
Step 8: In the Shell Profile box, select WLC Shell, and then click OK.
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Step 9: Click Save Changes.
Procedure 4
Create the network access policy
Step 1: In Access Policies > Access Services, click Create.
Step 2: In the Name box, enter a name for the policy. (Example: Wireless LAN)
Step 3: In the Based on Service Template box, select Network Access - Simple, and then click Next.
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Step 4: On the Allowed Protocols pane, ensure Allow PEAP and Allow EAP-Fast are selected, and then click
Finish.
Step 5: On the “Access Service created successfully. Would you like to modify the Service Selection policy to
activate this service?” message, click Yes.
Step 6: On the Service Selection Rules pane, click Customize.
Step 7: Using the arrow buttons, move Compound Condition from the Available list to the Selected list, and
then click OK.
Step 8: On the Service Selection Rules pane, select the default RADIUS rule.
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Next, you create a new rule for wireless client authentication.
Step 9: Click Create > Create Above.
Step 10: In the Name box, enter a name for the rule. (Example: Rule Wireless RADIUS)
Step 11: Under Conditions, select Compound Condition.
Step 12: In the Dictionary list, choose RADIUS-IETF.
Step 13: In the Attribute box, select Service-Type.
Step 14: In the Value box, select Framed, and then click Add V.
Step 15: Under Current Condition Set, click And > Insert.
Step 16: In the Attribute box, select NAS-Port-Type.
Step 17: In the Value box, select Wireless - IEEE 802.11, and then click Add V.
Step 18: Under Results, in the Service list, choose Wireless LAN, and then click OK.
Step 19: On the Service Selection Rules pane, click Save Changes.
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Procedure 5
Modify the network access policy
First, you must create an authorization rule that allows the WLCs to use RADIUS in order to authenticate clients.
Step 1: Navigate to Access Policies > Wireless LAN > Identity.
Step 2: In the Identity Source box, select AD then Local DB, and then click Save Changes.
Step 3: Navigate to Access Policies > Wireless LAN > Authorization.
Step 4: On the Network Access Authorization Policy pane, click Customize.
Step 5: Using the arrow buttons, move NDG:Device Type from the Available list to the Selected list, and then
click OK.
Step 6: In Access Policies > Wireless LAN > Authorization, click Create.
Step 7: In the Name box, enter a name for the rule. (Example: WLC Access)
Step 8: Under Conditions, select NDG:Device Type, and then in the box, select All DeviceTypes:WLC.
Step 9: In the Authorization Profiles box, select Permit Access, and then click OK.
Step 10: Click Save Changes.
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Procedure 6
Create the network device
The TACACS+ shell profile that is required when managing the controllers with AAA must be applied to the
controllers. For each controller and/or AP-SSO controller pair in the organization, you must create a network
device entry in Cisco Secure ACS.
If you are configuring a 2500 series WLC which does not support AP-SSO, you will need to include both of their
IP addresses in this step to authorize them to use the ACS authentication services.
Step 1: In Network Resources > Network Devices and AAA Clients, click Create.
Step 2: In the Name box, enter the device host name. (Example: WLC-1)
Step 3: In the Device Type box, select All Device Types:WLC.
Step 4: In the IP box, enter the WLCs management interface IP address. (Example: 10.4.46.64)
Step 5: Select TACACS+.
Step 6: Enter the TACACS+ shared secret key. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 7: Select RADIUS.
Step 8: Enter the RADIUS shared secret key, and then click Submit. (Example SecretKey)
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Procedure 7
Enable the default network device
Access points, when they are configured for Cisco FlexConnect operation and when the controller is unavailable,
can authenticate wireless clients directly to Cisco Secure ACS. Enable the default network device for RADIUS in
order to allow the access points to communicate with Secure ACS without having a network device entry.
Step 1: Navigate to Network Resources > Default Network Device.
Step 2: In the Default Network Device Status list, choose Enabled.
Next, you must show the RADIUS configuration.
Step 3: Under Authentication Options, click the arrow next to RADIUS.
Step 4: In the Shared Secret box, enter the secret key that is configured on the organization’s access points,
and then click Submit. (Example: SecretKey)
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PROCESS
Configuring the RADIUS Server: Windows Server 2008
1. Install services
2. Add the Certification Authority snap-in
3. Enroll certificates
4. Register Server in Active Directory
If you want to configure the RADIUS server on Cisco Secure ACS, use the previous process instead of this one.
The following procedures describe the steps required in order to enable RADIUS authentication for the WLC
deployment. In this guide, the Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition has already been installed.
Tech Tip
This procedure assumes that this is the first certificate authority (CA) in your
environment. If it’s not, you either don’t need to install this role or you can configure
this server as a subordinate CA instead.
Procedure 1
Install services
Step 1: Join the server to your existing domain (Example: cisco.local), and then restart the server.
Step 2: After the server restarts, open Server Manager.
Step 3: Navigate to Roles >Add Roles. The Add Roles Wizard opens.
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Step 4: Follow the instructions in the wizard. Note the following:
• On the Server Roles page, select Active Directory Certificate Services and Network Policy and
Access Services.
• On the Role Services page, select Network Policy Server and Access Services, and then for Active
Directory Certificate Services (AD CS), leave the default Certification Authority role service selected.
You may not be able to select the Network Policy and Access Services option if it has been installed
previously.
• On the Setup Type page, for Active Directory Certificate Services, choose Enterprise.
• On the CA Type page, choose Root CA.
Follow the rest of the instructions in the wizard, making any changes you want or just leaving the default values
as appropriate. Note that there is a warning at the end of the wizard, stating that the name of this server cannot
be changed after installing the AD CS role.
Now that you have a root CA and an NPS server on your domain, you can configure the domain.
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Procedure 2
Add the Certification Authority snap-in
Step 1: Open an MMC console, and then click File > Add/Remove Snap-in.
Step 2: Choose Certificates from the available snap-ins.
Step 3: On the Certificates snap-in page, select Computer account, and then click Next.
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Step 4: On the Select Computer page, select Local computer, and then click Finish.
Next, add the Certification Authority snap-in.
Step 5: On the Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box, in the Available snap-ins list, choose Certification
Authority, click Add >, choose Local computer, and then click Finish.
Step 6: On the Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box, in the Available snap-ins list, choose Certificate
Templates. The RAS/IAS template is added.
Step 7: Click OK. This completes the process of adding snap-ins.
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Step 8: Expand Certificates (Local Computers) > Personal, right-click Certificates, and then click Request new
certificate.
Procedure 3
Enroll certificates
Step 1: Follow the instructions in Certificate Enrollment wizard. Note the following:
• On the Select Certificate Enrollment Policy page, select Active Directory Enrollment Policy as the
Enrollment policy for this certificate request.
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• On the Request Certificates page, select Domain Controller and Domain Controller Authentication as
the type of certificates that are being requested, and then click Enroll.
Step 2: Navigate to Certificate Authority (Local) > Issued Certificates, and then verify that the Certificate
Templates folder appears.
Step 3: Right-click the Certificate Templates folder, and in the right pane, right-click RAS and IAS Server, and
then click Duplicate Template.
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Step 4: Select Windows Server 2008 Enterprise, and then click OK.
Step 5: In the Template display name box, enter a valid display name, select Publish Certificate in Active
Directory, click Apply, and then close the MMC console.
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Procedure 4
Register Server in Active Directory
Step 1: Open the Network Policy Server administrative console by navigating to Start > Administrative Tools >
Network Policy Server.
Step 2: Right-click the parent node NPS (Local), click Register server in Active Directory, click OK to authorize
this computer to read users’ dial-in properties from the domain, and then click OK.
Step 3: With the NPS (Local) node still selected, select RADIUS server for 802.1X Wireless or Wired
Connections, and then click Configure 802.1X.
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Step 4: In the Configure 802.1X wizard, under Type of 802.1X connections, select Secure Wireless
Connections, and in the Name box, enter an appropriate name for the policies that you want to create, and then
click Next.
Next, add each of the wireless LAN controllers as RADIUS clients.
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Step 5: In the Friendly name box, click Add, enter a name for the controller (Example: WLC5508), provide the IP
address or DNS entry for the controller, provide the Shared Secret (Example: SecretKey), and then click OK.
Step 6: Click Next.
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Step 7: On the Configure an Authentication Method page, in the Type box, select Microsoft: Protected EAP
(PEAP), and then click Configure.
Step 8: In the Certificate issued list, ensure that the certificate you enrolled in Step 6 is selected, and then click
OK.
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Step 9: If you would like to use a group that you have already created, in Specify User Groups, click Add, select
the desired group, and then skip to Step 11.
If you would like to create a new group, continue with this procedure.
Step 10: Navigate to Start > Administrative Tools > Active Directory Users and Computers. In the Active
Directory Users and Computers window, right-click cisco.local, and then navigate to New > Group. Create a
group called Wireless-Users-Group.
Step 11: In the Active Directory Users and Computer management console, create a wireless user (Example:
Wireless User) by selecting the Action > New > User.
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Step 12: Provide the necessary user information, and then click Next..
Step 13: Enter a password, and then click Next.
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Step 14: Review the information about the new user being added, and click Finish.
Step 15: Within the Active Directory Users and Computer management console, select the users folder.
Step 16: Locate the wireless user (Example: Wireless User) that you want to add to the newly created WirelessUsers-Group, and then right click on the user and select Add to a group…
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Step 17: Enter the name of the Wireless-Users-Group, and then click Check Names.
Step 18: Click OK. This completes the process of adding the user to the wireless group.
Tech Tip
It is recommended that you add both the machine accounts and user accounts to this
group (Example: Wireless-Users-Group) in order to allow the machine to authenticate
before the user logs in).
Step 19: On the next step of the Network Policy Server (NPS (Local)) wizard, configure VLAN information or
accept the default settings, and then click Next.
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Step 20: Click Finish. This completes the configuration of 802.1X.
Step 21: Restart the Network Policy Server service, and then navigate to NPS (Local) > Policies.
Note that the wizard has created a Connection Request Policy and a Network Policy containing the appropriate
settings in order to authenticate your wireless connection.
Step 22: If you want to remove the less secure authentication methods and increase the encryption methods in
the network policy, continue with this procedure.
If you would like to use the default authentication and encryption methods, skip to the next process.
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Step 23: Under the Network Policies node, open the properties of the newly created policy.
Step 24: On the Constraints tab, under Less secure authentication methods, clear all of the check boxes.
Step 25: On the Settings tab, click Encryption, clear all check boxes except Strongest encryption (MPPE 128bit), and then click OK.
Step 26: Restart the Network Policy Server service.
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Configuring On-Site Wireless Controllers
1. Configure the switch for the WLC
2. Connecting the redundancy port
3. Configure the WLC platform
4. Configure the time zone
5. Configure SNMP
PROCESS
6. Limit which networks can manage the WLC
7. Configure wireless user authentication
8. Configure management authentication
9. Enable multicast support
10.Create the WLAN data interface
11.Create the wireless LAN voice interface
12.Configure the data wireless LAN
13.Configure the voice wireless LAN
14.Configure the resilient controller
15.Configure controller discovery
16.Connect the access points
17.Configure access points for resiliency
In an on-site local-mode deployment, the wireless LAN controller and access points are co-located. The
wireless LAN controller is connected to a LAN distribution layer at the site, and traffic between wireless LAN
clients and the LAN is tunneled in Control and Provisioning of Wireless Access Points (CAPWAP) protocol
between the controller and the access point.
If you are deploying remote access points using FlexConnect, skip this section and proceed to the FlexConnect
section of the guide.
This design guide supports both Cisco 5500 and 2500 Series WLCs for use in an on-site local-mode design.
When installing 5500 Series WLCs, a high availability feature known as access point stateful switchover (AP SSO)
is available. In this high availability mode, the resilient, or secondary, WLC uses the redundancy port in order to
negotiate with its configured primary WLC and assumes the AP license count along with the configuration of the
primary WLC.
In AP SSO mode, configuration synchronization and keep-alive monitoring occurs over a dedicated redundancy
port (labeled as RP) using a dedicated straight through Ethernet cable.
The Cisco 2500 Series WLCs do not support the AP SSO feature and instead must be peered by using a
mobility group in order to achieve resiliency. Unlike AP-SSO paired Wireless LAN Controllers, each Cisco 2500
Series WLC has a unique IP address on the management interface.
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Table 2 - Cisco on-site wireless controller parameters checklist
CVD values
primary controller
CVD values
resilient controller
(optional)
Switch interface number
1/0/3, 2/0/3
1/0/4, 2/0/4
VLAN number
146
146
Time zone
PST -8 0
PST -8 0
IP address
10.4.46.64/24
10.4.46.65/242
Default gateway
10.4.46.1
10.4.46.1
Redundant management IP
address (AP SSO)1
10.4.46.74
10.4.46.751
Redundancy port connectivity (AP SSO)1
Dedicated Ethernet
cable1
Dedicated Ethernet
cable1
Hostname
WLC-1
WLC-22
Local administrator username
and password
admin/C1sco123
admin/C1sco123
Mobility group name
CAMPUS
CAMPUS
RADIUS server IP address
10.4.48.15
10.4.48.15
RADIUS shared key
SecretKey
SecretKey
Management network
(optional)
10.4.48.0/24
10.4.48.0/24
TACACS server IP address
(optional)
10.4.48.15
10.4.48.15
TACACS shared key
(optional)
SecretKey
SecretKey
Parameter
Site-specific values
Controller parameters
1
Wireless data network parameters
SSID
WLAN-Data
WLAN-Data
VLAN number
116
116
Default gateway
10.4.16.1
10.4.16.1
Controller interface IP
address
10.4.16.5/22
10.4.16.6/22
Wireless voice network parameters
SSID
WLAN-Voice
WLAN-Voice
VLAN number
120
120
Default gateway
10.4.20.1
10.4.20.1
Controller interface IP
address
10.4.20.5/22
10.4.20.6/22
Notes:
1. AP SSO is only supported on the Cisco 5500 Series WLC.
2. The resilient Cisco 2500 Series WLC will require an IP address, as AP SSO is not supported on this
platform.
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Procedure 1
Configure the switch for the WLC
Step 1: On the LAN distribution switch, create the wireless VLANs that you are connecting to the distribution
switch. The management VLAN can contain other Cisco appliances and does not have to be dedicated to the
WLCs.
vlan 116
name WLAN_Data
vlan 120
name WLAN_Voice
vlan 146
name WLAN_Mgmt
Step 2: Configure a switched virtual interface (SVI) for each VLAN. This enables devices in the VLAN to
communicate with the rest of the network.
interface Vlan116
description Wireless
ip address 10.4.16.1
no shutdown
!
interface Vlan120
description Wireless
ip address 10.4.20.1
no shutdown
!
interface Vlan146
description Wireless
ip address 10.4.46.1
no shutdown
Data Network
255.255.252.0
Voice Network
255.255.252.0
Management Network
255.255.255.0
Step 3: On both the server room distribution and access switches, create the wireless management and data
VLANs.
vlan 116
name WLAN_Data
vlan 120
name WLAN_Voice
vlan 146
name WLAN_Mgmt
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Step 4: On the server room distribution switch, configure two uplink ports and an EtherChannel trunk to the
server room access switches.
interface Port-channel12
description EtherChannel Link to Server Room Switch
switchport
switchport trunk allowed vlan 116,120,146
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
flowcontrol receive on
no shutdown
interface range tenGigabitEthernet [port 1],tenGigabitEthernet [port 2]
description Link to Server Room Switch
switchport trunk allowed vlan 116,120,146
switchport mode trunk
channel group 12
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
no shutdown
Step 5: On the server room access switches, configure two ports and an EtherChannel trunk that connects to
the server room distribution switch.
interface range GigabitEthernet1/1/1, GigabitEthernet2/1/1
description Link to Distribution Switch
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 116,120,146
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
logging event bundle-status
macro apply EgressQoS
channel-protocol lacp
channel-group 1 mode active
no shutdown
interface Port-channel1
description EtherChannel Link to Distribution Switch
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 116,120,146
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
no shutdown
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Step 6: Configure an 802.1Q trunk to be used for the connection to the WLCs. This permits Layer 3 services
to all the networks defined on the WLC. The VLANs allowed on the trunk are limited to only the VLANs that are
active on the WLC.
If you are deploying the Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series LAN distribution switch, you do not need to use the
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q command in the following configurations.
interface GigabitEthernet [port 1]
description To WLC Port 1
interface GigabitEthernet [port 2]
description To WLC Port 2
!
interface range GigabitEthernet [port 1], GigabitEthernet [port 2]
switchport
macro apply EgressQoS
channel-group [number] mode on
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
logging event bundle-status
!
interface Port-channel [number]
description To WLC
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 116,120,146
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
no shutdown
Procedure 2
Connecting the redundancy port
If you are using a Cisco 2500 Series WLC, skip this procedure. If you are using a Cisco 5500 Series WLC and
you wish to enable the high availability AP SSO feature, continue with this procedure. When using the high
availability feature known as access point stateful switchover (AP SSO), a dedicated special-purpose port is
available on the Cisco 5500 Series WLC. This port is located on the in the lower left of the front panel.
Step 1: Connect an ordinary Ethernet cable between the primary and standby WLC, as shown below.
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Procedure 3
Configure the WLC platform
After the WLC is physically installed and powered up, you will see the following on the console. If you do not see
this, press “-” a few times to force the wizard to back to the previous step.
Welcome to the Cisco Wizard Configuration Tool
Use the ‘-‘ character to backup
Step 1: Terminate the autoinstall process.
Would you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: YES
Step 2: Enter a system name. (Example: WLC-1)
System Name [Cisco_7e:8e:43] (31 characters max): WLC-1
Step 3: Enter an administrator username and password.
Tech Tip
Use at least three of the following four classes in the password: lowercase letters,
uppercase letters, digits, or special characters.
Enter Administrative User Name (24 characters max): admin
Enter Administrative Password (24 characters max): *****
Re-enter Administrative Password : *****
Step 4: If you are deploying a Cisco 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, use DHCP for the service port
interface address.
Service Interface IP address Configuration [none] [DHCP]: DHCP
Step 5: Enable the management interface.
Enable Link Aggregation (LAG) [yes][NO]: YES
Management Interface IP Address: 10.4.46.64
Management Interface Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Management interface Default Router: 10.4.46.1
Management Interface VLAN Identifier (0 = untagged): 146
Tech Tip
If you are configuring the Cisco 2500 Series Wireless LAN Controllers, you will need
to configure both WLCs individually as they do not support AP-SSO and are therefore
managed and configured separately. (Examples: 10.4.46.64 for WLC-1 and 10.4.46.65
for WLC-2)
Step 6: Enter the default DHCP server for clients. (Example: 10.4.48.10)
Management Interface DHCP Server IP Address: 10.4.48.10
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Step 7: If you are deploying a Cisco 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, enable AP SSO in order to enable
high availability.
Enable HA [yes][NO]: YES
Configure HA Unit [PRIMARY][secondary]: PRIMARY
Redundancy Management IP Address: 10.4.46.74
Peer Redundancy Management IP Address: 10.4.46.75
Step 8: The virtual interface is used by the WLC for mobility DHCP relay, guest web authentication and
intercontroller communication. Enter an IP address that is not used in your organization’s network. (Example:
192.0.2.1)
Virtual Gateway IP Address: 192.0.2.1
Step 9: If you are configuring a Cisco 2500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, enter a multicast address for
delivery of IP multicast traffic by using the multicast-multicast method. This multicast address will be used by
each AP in order to listen for incoming multicast streams from the wireless LAN controller. (Example: 239.1.1.1)
Multicast IP Address: 239.1.1.1
Step 10: Enter a name for the default mobility and RF group. (Example: CAMPUS)
Mobility/RF Group Name: CAMPUS
Step 11: Enter an SSID for the WLAN that supports data traffic. You will be able to leverage this later in the
deployment process.
Network Name (SSID): WLAN-Data
Configure DHCP Bridging Mode [yes][NO]: NO
Step 12: Enable DHCP snooping.
Allow Static IP Addresses {YES][no]: NO
Step 13: Do not configure the RADIUS server now. You will configure the RADIUS server later by using the GUI.
Configure a RADIUS Server now? [YES][no]: NO
Step 14: Enter the correct country code for the country where you are deploying the WLC.
Enter Country Code list (enter ‘help’ for a list of countries) [US]: US
Step 15: Enable all wireless networks.
Enable 802.11b network [YES][no]: YES
Enable 802.11a network [YES][no]: YES
Enable 802.11g network [YES][no]: YES
Step 16: Enable the radio resource management (RRM) auto-RF feature. This helps you keep your network up
and operational.
Enable Auto-RF [YES][no]: YES
Step 17: Synchronize the WLC clock to your organization’s NTP server.
Configure a NTP server now? [YES][no]:YES
Enter the NTP server’s IP address: 10.4.48.17
Enter a polling interval between 3600 and 604800 secs: 86400
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Step 18: Save the configuration. If you respond with no, the system restarts without saving the configuration,
and you have to complete this procedure again. Please wait for the “Configuration saved!” message before
power-cycling the Wireless LAN Controller.
Configuration correct? If yes, system will save it and reset. [yes][NO]: YES
Configuration saved!
Resetting system with new configuration
Step 19: After the WLC has reset, log in to the Cisco Wireless LAN Controller Administration page by using the
credentials defined in Step 3. (Example: https://wlc-1.cisco.local/)
Procedure 4
Configure the time zone
Step 1: Navigate to Commands > Set Time.
Step 2: In the Location list, choose the time zone that corresponds to the location of the WLC.
Step 3: Click Set Timezone.
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Procedure 5
Configure SNMP
Step 1: In Management > SNMP > Communities, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Community Name. (Example: cisco)
Step 3: Enter the IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.0)
Step 4: Enter the IP Mask. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 5: In the Status list, choose Enable, and then click Apply.
Step 6: In Management > SNMP > Communities, click New.
Step 7: Enter the Community Name. (Example: cisco123)
Step 8: Enter the IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.0)
Step 9: Enter the IP Mask. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 10: In the Access Mode list, choose Read/Write.
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Step 11: In the Status list, choose Enable, and then click Apply.
Step 12: Navigate to Management > SNMP > Communities.
Step 13: Point to the blue box for the public community, and then click Remove.
Step 14: On the “Are you sure you want to delete?” message, click OK.
Step 15: Repeat Step 13 and Step 14 for the private community string. You should have only the read-write and
read-only community strings, as shown in the following screenshot.
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Procedure 6
Limit which networks can manage the WLC
(Optional)
In networks where network operational support is centralized, you can increase network security by using an
access control list in order to limit the networks that can access your controller. In this example, only devices on
the 10.4.48.0/24 network are able to access the controller via Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol or Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP).
Step 1: In Security > Access Control Lists > Access Control Lists, click New.
Step 2: Enter an access control list name (Example: ACL-Rules), select IPv4 as the ACL type, and then click
Apply.
Step 3: In the list, choose the name of the access control list you just created, and then click Add New Rule.
Step 4: In the window, enter the following configuration details, and then click Apply.
• Sequence—1
• Source—10.4.48.0 / 255.255.255.0
• Destination—Any
• Protocol—TCP
• Destination Port—HTTPS
• Action—Permit
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Step 5: Repeat Step 3 through Step 4 using the configuration details in the following table.
Table 3 - Access rule configuration values
Sequence
Source
Destination
Protocol
Destination port
Action
2
10.4.48.0/
255.255.255.0
Any
TCP
Other/22
Permit
3
Any
Any
TCP
HTTPS
Deny
4
Any
Any
TCP
Other/22
Deny
5
Any
Any
Any
Any
Permit
Step 6: In Security > Access Control Lists > CPU Access Control Lists, select Enable CPU ACL.
Step 7: In the ACL Name list, choose the ACL you created in Step 2, and then click Apply.
Procedure 7
Configure wireless user authentication
Step 1: In Security > AAA > RADIUS > Authentication, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 3: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret. (Example: SecretKey)
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Step 4: To the right of Management, clear Enable, and then click Apply.
Step 5: In Security > AAA > RADIUS > Accounting, click New.
Step 6: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 7: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
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Procedure 8
Configure management authentication
(Optional)
You can use this procedure to deploy centralized management authentication by configuring the Authentication,
Authorization and Accounting (AAA) service. If you prefer to use local management authentication, skip to
Procedure 9.
As networks scale in the number of devices to maintain, the operational burden to maintain local management
accounts on every device also scales. A centralized AAA service reduces operational tasks per device and
provides an audit log of user access, for security compliance and root-cause analysis. When AAA is enabled for
access control, it controls all management access to the network infrastructure devices (SSH and HTTPS).
Tech Tip
Access to the standby WLC when in HOT STANDBY mode via the console port
requires the locally configured administrator user ID and password. Because the
standby WLC does not have full IP connectivity to the network, it is unable to
communicate with the configured TACACS server.
Step 1: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Authentication, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 3: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 4: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Accounting, click New.
Step 5: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
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Step 6: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 7: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Authorization, click New.
Step 8: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 9: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 10: Navigate to Security > Priority Order > Management User.
Step 11: Using the arrow buttons, move TACACS+ from the Not Used list to the Used for Authentication list.
Step 12: Using the Up and Down buttons, move TACACS+ to be the first in the Order Used for Authentication
list.
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Step 13: Using the arrow buttons, move RADIUS to the Not Used list, and then click Apply.
Procedure 9
Enable multicast support
Some data and voice applications require the use of multicast in order to provide a more efficient means of
communication typical in one-to-many communications. The local mode design model tunnels all traffic between
the AP and WLC. As a result, the WLC issues all multicast joins on behalf of the wireless client.
Step 1: In Controller > Multicast, select Enable Global Multicast Mode and Enable IGMP Snooping, and then
click Apply.
Step 2: Navigate to Controller > General.
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Step 3: If you are using Cisco 5500 Series wireless LAN controllers, in the AP Multicast Mode list, choose
Multicast, and then in the box, enter the multicast IP address that is to be used for multicast delivery (example:
239.1.1.1), and then click Apply.
If you are using a Cisco 2500 Series wireless LAN controller, in the AP Multicast Mode box, enter the multicast
IP address that was configured in Step 8 of the “Configure the WLC platform” procedure, and then click Apply.
Procedure 10
Create the WLAN data interface
Configure the WLC to separate voice and data traffic, which is essential in any good network design in order to ensure
proper treatment of the respective IP traffic, regardless of the medium it is traversing. In this procedure, you add an
interface that allows devices on the wireless data network to communicate with the rest of your organization.
Step 1: In Controller>Interfaces, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Interface Name. (Example: Wireless-Data)
Step 3: Enter the VLAN Id, and then click Apply. (Example: 116)
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Step 4: If you are deploying a Cisco 2500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, in the Port Number box, enter the
number of the port that is connected to the LAN distribution switch. (Example: 1)
Step 5: In the IP Address box, enter the IP address assigned to the WLC interface. (Example: 10.4.16.5)
Step 6: Enter the Netmask. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 7: In the Gateway box, enter the IP address of the VLAN interface defined in Procedure 1. (Example:
10.4.16.1)
Step 8: In the Primary DHCP Server box, enter the IP address of your organization’s DHCP server (Example:
10.4.48.10), and then click Apply.
Tech Tip
To prevent DHCP from assigning wireless clients addresses that conflict with the
WLC’s addresses, exclude the addresses you assign to the WLC interfaces from DHCP
scopes.
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Procedure 11
Create the wireless LAN voice interface
You must add an interface that allows devices on the wireless voice network to communicate with the rest of the
organization.
Step 1: In Controller>Interfaces, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Interface Name. (Example: wireless-voice)
Step 3: Enter the VLAN Id, and then click Apply. (Example: 120)
Step 4: If you are deploying a Cisco 2500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, in the Port Number box, enter the
number of the port that is connected to the LAN distribution switch. (Example: 1)
Step 5: In the IP Address box, enter the IP address assigned to the WLC interface. (Example: 10.4.20.5)
Step 6: Enter the Netmask. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 7: In the Gateway box, enter the IP address of the VLAN interface defined in Procedure 1. (Example:
10.4.20.1)
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Step 8: In the Primary DHCP Server box, enter the IP address of your organization’s DHCP server (Example:
10.4.48.10), and then click Apply.
Tech Tip
To prevent DHCP from assigning wireless clients addresses that conflict with the
WLC’s addresses, exclude the addresses you assign to the WLC interfaces from DHCP
scopes.
Procedure 12
Configure the data wireless LAN
Wireless data traffic can tolerate delay, jitter, and packet loss more efficiently than wireless voice traffic.
Applications that require a one-to-many communication model may require the use of multicast-based
transmission. Generally, for the data WLAN, it is recommended to keep the default QoS settings and segment
the data traffic onto the data wired VLAN.
Step 1: Navigate to WLANs.
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Step 2: Click the WLAN ID number of the SSID created in Procedure 3. (Example: WLAN-Data)
Step 3: On the General tab, in the Interface/Interface Group(G) list, choose the interface created in Procedure
10. (Example: wireless-data)
Step 4: If you want to enable multicast on the WLAN-Data wireless LAN, select Multicast VLAN Feature, and
then in the Multicast Interface list, choose the WLAN data interface. (Example: wireless-data)
Step 5: Click Apply.
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Procedure 13
Configure the voice wireless LAN
Wireless voice traffic is different from data traffic in that it cannot effectively handle delay and jitter as well
as packet loss. Multicast may be required for some voice applications that require a one-to-many method of
communication. One common example of a multicast voice use-case is a group-based push-to-talk, which is
more efficient via multicast than over traditional unicast transmissions.
To configure the voice WLAN, change the default QoS settings to Platinum and segment the voice traffic onto
the voice wired VLAN.
Step 1: On the WLANs page, in the list, choose Create New, and then click Go.
Step 2: Enter the Profile Name. (Example: Voice)
Step 3: In the SSID box, enter the voice WLAN name, and then click Apply. (Example: WLAN-Voice)
Step 4: On the General tab, next to Status, select Enabled.
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Step 5: In the Interface/Interface Group(G) list, choose the interface created in Procedure 11. (Example:
wireless-voice)
Step 6: If you want to enable multicast on the WLAN-Voice wireless LAN, select Multicast VLAN Feature, and
then in the Multicast Interface list, choose the WLAN voice interface. (Example: wireless-voice)
Step 7: Click Apply.
Step 8: On the QoS tab, in the Quality of Service (QoS) list, choose Platinum (voice), and then click Apply.
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Procedure 14
Configure the resilient controller
If you are configuring Cisco 2500 Series WLCs, AP SSO is not supported. You should therefore complete this
procedure in order to join multiple controllers to a mobility group. If you are configuring Cisco 5500 Series WLCs,
AP SSO is supported, and you should skip this procedure.
The local-mode design model can support lightweight access points across multiple floors and buildings
simultaneously. In all deployment scenarios, you should deploy multiple controllers at each site, for resiliency.
This design, not based on AP SSO, uses two independently licensed controllers. The first is the primary
controller to which access points normally register. The secondary controller, also called the resilient controller,
provides resiliency in case the primary controller fails. Under normal operation, no access points register to the
resilient controller.
Even when configured as a pair, controllers do not share configuration information as they do when using AP
SSO, so you must configure each controller separately.
Because it is possible for a wireless client in your network to roam from an access point joined to one controller
to an access point joined to another controller, both controllers should be deployed in the same mobility group.
A mobility group is a set of controllers, identified by the same mobility group name that defines the realm of
seamless roaming for wireless clients. By creating a mobility group, you can enable multiple controllers in a
network to dynamically share information and forward data traffic when intercontroller or intersubnet roaming
occurs. Controllers in the same mobility group can share the context and state of client devices as well as
their list of access points so that they do not consider each other’s access points as rogue devices. With this
information, the network can support intercontroller WLAN roaming and controller redundancy.
Step 1: Repeat Procedure 3 through Procedure 13 for the resilient controller.
Step 2: On the primary controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups. The MAC
address, IP address, and mobility group name for the local controller are shown.
Step 3: On the resilient controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then
click New.
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Step 4: In the Member IP Address box, enter the IP address of the primary controller. (Example: 10.4.46.64)
Step 5: In the Member MAC Address box, enter the MAC address of the primary controller, and then click
Apply.
Step 6: On the primary controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then
click New.
Step 7: In the Member IP Address box, enter the IP address of the resilient controller. (Example: 10.4.46.65)
Step 8: In the Member MAC Address box, enter the MAC address of the resilient controller, and then click
Apply.
Step 9: On each controller, click Save Configuration, and then click OK.
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Step 10: Navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups on each controller, and then verify
that connectivity is up between all the controllers by examining the mobility group information. In the Status
column, all controllers should be listed as Up.
Procedure 15
Configure controller discovery
You have three options to configure controller discovery, depending on the number of controller pairs and the
type of DHCP server you’ve deployed.
If you have only one controller pair in your organization, complete Option 1 of this procedure. If you have
deployed multiple controller pairs in your organization and you use Cisco IOS software in order to provide DHCP
service, complete Option 2. If you have deployed multiple controller pairs in your organization and you use a
Microsoft DHCP server, complete Option 3.
DHCP Option 43 maps access points to their controllers. Using DHCP Option 43 allows remote sites and each
campus to define a unique mapping.
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Figure 5 - Flow chart of WLC discovery configuration options
Start
Multiple
non-AP SSO
controller pairs
One controller pair
or controller pair
using AP SSO
Use DHCP Option 43
to return the IP addresses
of the wireless LAN
controller pairs
Use DNS to resolve
cisco-capwap-controller
to the controller’s
management IP address
using Option 1
? Do controller
sites have Microsoft
DHCP server?
Finished
YES
NO
Configure Microsoft
DHCP Server
using Option 3
Configure IOS-based
DHCP Server
using Option 2
Finished
Finished
1077
How many
wireless LAN
controllers?
Option 1: Only one WLC pair in the organization
Step 1: Configure the organization’s DNS servers (Example: 10.4.48.10) to resolve the cisco-capwap-controller
host name to the management IP address of the controller. (Example: 10.4.46.64) The cisco-capwap-controller
DNS record provides bootstrap information for access points that run software version 6.0 and higher.
Step 2: If the network includes access points that run software older than version 6.0, add a DNS record to
resolve the host name cisco-lwapp-controller to the management IP address of the controller.
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Option 2: Multiple WLC pairs in the organization: Cisco IOS DHCP server
In a network where there is no external, central-site DHCP server, you can provide DHCP service with Cisco IOS
software. This function can also be useful at a remote site where you want to provide local DHCP service and not
depend on the WAN link to an external, central-site DHCP server.
Step 1: Assemble the DHCP Option 43 value.
The hexadecimal string is assembled as a sequence of the Type + Length + Value (TLV) values for the Option 43
suboption, as follows:
• Type is always the suboption code 0xf1.
• Length is the number of controller management IP addresses times 4, in hexadecimal.
• Value is the IP address of the controller listed sequentially, in hexadecimal.
For example, suppose there are two controllers with management interface IP addresses 10.4.46.64 and
10.4.46.65. The type is 0xf1. The length is 2 * 4 = 8 = 0x08. The IP addresses translate to 0a042e40
(10.4.46.64) and 0a042e41(10.4.46.65). When the string is assembled, it yields f1080a042e400a042e41.
Step 2: On the network device, add Option 43 to the pre-existing data network DHCP Pool.
ip dhcp pool [pool name]
option 43 hex f1080a042e400a042e41
Option 3: Multiple WLC pairs in the organization: Microsoft DHCP server
This procedure shows how the Microsoft DHCP server is configured in order to return vendor-specific
information to the lightweight Cisco Aironet 1600, 2600, and 3600 Series Access Points used in this design
guide. The vendor class identifier for a lightweight Cisco Aironet access point is specific to each model type. To
support more than one access point model, you must create a vendor class for each model type.
Table 4 - Vendor class identifiers
Access point
Vendor class identifier
Cisco Aironet 1600 Series
Cisco AP c1600
Cisco Aironet 2600 Series
Cisco AP c2600
Cisco Aironet 3600 Series
Cisco AP c3600
Step 1: Open the DHCP Server Administration Tool or MMC.
Step 2: Navigate to DHCP > ad.cisco.local, right-click IPv4, and then click Define Vendor Classes.
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Step 3: In the DHCP Vendor Classes dialog box, click Add.
Step 4: In the New Class dialog box, enter a Display Name. (Example: Cisco Aironet 1600 AP)
Step 5: In the ASCII section, enter the vendor class identifier for the appropriate access point series from Table
4, and then click OK. (Example: Cisco AP c1600)
Step 6: In the DHCP Vendor Classes dialog box, click Close.
Step 7: Right-click the IPV4 DHCP server soot, and then click Set Predefined Options.
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Step 8: In the Option Class list, choose the class created in Step 4, and then click Add.
Step 9: In the Option Type dialog box, enter a Name. (Example: Option 43)
Step 10: In the Data Type list, choose IP Address.
Step 11: Select Array.
Step 12: In the Code box, enter 241, and then click OK.
The vendor class and suboption are now programmed into the DHCP server. Now, you need to define the
vendor-specific information for the DHCP scope.
Step 13: Choose the DHCP scope that you will be installing Access Points on, right-click Scope Options, and
then click Configure Options.
Step 14: Click the Advanced tab, and in the Vendor class list, choose the class created in Step 4.
Step 15: Under Available Options, select 241 Option 43.
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Step 16: In the IP address box, enter the IP address of the primary controller’s management interface, and then
click Add. (Example: 10.4.46.64)
Step 17: If you are not using the AP SSO feature, repeat Step 13 through Step 16 for the resilient controller, and
then click Apply. (Example: 10.4.46.65)
Procedure 16
Connect the access points
On the LAN access switch, the switch interfaces that are connected to the access points use the standard
access switchport configuration, with the exception of the QoS policy that you configure in this procedure.
Step 1: Configure the interface where the access point will be connected to trust the QoS marking from the
access point.
interface GigabitEthernet [port]
description Access Point Connection
switchport access vlan 100
switchport voice vlan 101
switchport host
macro apply EgressQoS
switchport port-security maximum 11
switchport port-security
switchport port-security aging time 2
switchport port-security aging type inactivity
switchport port-security violation restrict
ip arp inspection limit rate 100
ip dhcp snooping limit rate 100
ip verify source
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Procedure 17
Configure access points for resiliency
Step 1: For access points that are connecting to a WLC that is not using AP-SSO, it is necessary to configure
these access points with the IP addresses of each of the non AP-SSO controllers. If you are installing access
points that will connect to a pair of WLC’s using AP-SSO, please skip this procedure.
Step 2: On the primary controller, navigate to Wireless, and then select the desired access point.
Step 3: Click the High Availability tab.
Step 4: In the Primary Controller box, enter the name and management IP address of the primary controller.
(Example: WLC-1 / 10.4.46.64)
Step 5: In the Secondary Controller box, enter the name and management IP address of the resilient controller,
and then click Apply. (Example: WLC-2 / 10.4.46.65)
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Configuring Remote-Site Wireless with Cisco FlexConnect
1. Install the vWLC for FlexConnect designs
2. Configure the console port on the vWLC
3. Configure the vWLC network adapters
4. Configure the data center switches
5. Configure the LAN distribution switch
6. Connecting the redundancy port
7. Configure the WLC platform
8. Configure the time zone
PROCESS
9. Configure SNMP
10.Limit which networks can manage the WLC
11.Configure wireless user authentication
12.Configure management authentication
13.Configure the resilient WLC
14.Configure mobility groups
15.Configure the data wireless LAN
16.Configure the voice wireless LAN
17.Configure controller discovery
18.Configure the remote-site router
19.Configure the remote-site switch for APs
20.Enable licensing on the vWLC
21.Configure the AP for Cisco FlexConnect
22.Configure access points for resiliency
23.Configure Cisco FlexConnect groups
There are two methods of deploying remote site wireless LAN controllers, shared and dedicated:
• A shared WLC has both remote-site access points and local, on-site access points connected to it
concurrently. Use a shared WLC when the number of access points matches the available capacity of
the co-located WLCs near the WAN headend, and the WAN headend is co-located with a campus.
• A dedicated WLC only has remote-site access points connected to it. Use a dedicated WLC pair, such
as Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller using AP SSO, when you have a large number of access
points or remote sites. Alternately, for smaller deployments, the use of the vWLC is a cost-effective
option, provided that you do not exceed 200 APs across two or more Cisco FlexConnect groups or
exceed 3000 wireless clients per vWLC. You also use this option when the co-located WLCs near the
WAN headend don’t have the necessary capacity or the WAN headend is not co-located with a campus.
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If you are using a shared WLC, this design guide assumes that you have already deployed the WLC following
the instructions in the “Configuring On-Site Wireless Controllers” process. To deploy remote-site wireless in a
shared controller deployment, skip to Procedure 15.
If you are using a dedicated WLC, perform all the procedures in this process in order to deploy remote-site
wireless.
Table 5 - Cisco remote-site wireless controller parameters checklist
CVD values
primary controller
CVD values
resilient controller not
using AP SSO
Switch interface
number
1/0/3, 2/0/3
1/0/4, 2/0/4
VLAN number
146
146
Time zone
PST -8 0
PST -8 0
IP address
10.4.46.68/24
10.4.46.69/24
Default gateway
10.4.46.1
10.4.46.1
Hostname
WLC-RemoteSites-1
WLC-RemoteSites-2
Mobility group name
REMOTES
REMOTES
RADIUS server IP
address
10.4.48.15
10.4.48.15
RADIUS shared key
SecretKey
SecretKey
Management
network (optional)
10.4.48.0/24
10.4.48.0/24
TACACS server IP
address (optional)
10.4.48.15
10.4.48.15
TACACS shared key
(optional)
SecretKey
SecretKey
Wireless data SSID
WLAN-Data
WLAN-Data
Wireless data VLAN
number
65
65
Wireless voice SSID
WLAN-Voice
WLAN-Voice
Wireless voice VLAN
number
70
70
Default gateway
10.4.20.1
10.4.20.1
Controller interface
IP address
10.4.20.5/22
10.4.20.6/22
Parameter
Site-specific values
Controller parameters
Remote site parameters
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Procedure 1
Install the vWLC for FlexConnect designs
The virtual Wireless LAN controller (vWLC) is ideal for small to medium deployments where virtualized compute
services are available within the data center and the AP design model is using local switching using Cisco
FlexConnect.
Tech Tip
The vWLC requires two physical network interface cards (NICs), one dedicated to the
management interface and one for wireless client traffic. To provide full switch fabric
redundancy, four physical NICs are required and are grouped into two pairs by using
NIC teaming.
If you are installing a virtual wireless LAN controller (vWLC), you must complete the following steps in order
to install it using the downloaded Open Virtual Archive (OVA) file available online from Cisco. If you are using
another WLC to support your remote sites, you can skip to Procedure 5 “Configure the LAN distribution switch.”
Step 1: Begin by preparing the VMware host machine networking environment. On the physical host machine, in
vCenter, create three virtual switches (vSwitch0, vSwitch1, and vSwitch2), as follows:
• On vSwitch0, allocate two physical NIC interfaces. These will be used to provide management access to
the vWLC (Example: management network mapped to VLAN ID: 148)
• On vSwitch1 allocate two physical interfaces that will be used to provide wireless VLAN access for each
WLAN created on the vWLC. (Example: wireless VLANs mapped to VLAN ID: All 4095)
• On vSwitch2, no physical interfaces need to be allocated unless the service port will be used in the
future. Failure to define this interface may result in the wrong interface’s vSwitches being used for the
wireless data VLANs. The configuration of the service port is required in the event that the service port
needs to be used for maintenance and support functions during the controller’s lifecycle.
Next, you install the vWLC OVA file obtained from Cisco.
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Step 2: In vCenter, select the physical machine, click File, and then click Deploy OVF Template.
Step 3: Complete the Deploy OVF Template wizard. Note the following:
• On the Source page, select the downloaded vWLC OVA file that you obtained from Cisco.
• On the Name and Location page, provide a unique name for the virtual Wireless LAN controller.
(Example: vWLC-1)
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Step 4: On the Storage page, select the storage destination of the virtual machine.
Step 5: On the Disk Format page, select Thick Provision Lazy Zeroed.
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Step 6: On the Network Mapping page, in the Destination Networks list, choose the network defined on the VM
host machine that will be used on the vWLC management interface. (Example: Server VLAN 1)
Step 7: On the Ready to Complete page, review the settings, and then press Finish. Deployment of the OVA file
begins, and it may take a few minutes to complete.
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Procedure 2
Configure the console port on the vWLC
When the vWLC starts, the Console tab within vSphere will display a repetitive message stating to press any
key in order to make the Console tab the default terminal for console messages from the vWLC. If a key is not
pressed during the vWLC startup, console communication to the vWLC through the vSphere client’s console
window will not be possible. This can be a problem when troubleshooting IP connectivity issues, for example,
and console access is required. For this reason, in this procedure, you create a virtual serial port. This will ensure
access to the vWLC console through the use of a standard Telnet client.
Step 1: In vCenter, select the newly added vWLC (Example: vWLC-1), click Edit virtual machine settings, and
then in the Virtual Machine Properties dialog box, click Add.
Step 2: Complete the Add Hardware wizard. Note the following:
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• On the Device Type page, select Serial Port.
• On the Select Port Type page, select Connect via Network.
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• On the Network Backing page, select Server (VM listens for connection), and then in the Port URI box,
enter telnet://[Host Machine IP Address]:[Unique TCP Port]. (Example: telnet://10.5.24.101:9292) This
configures IP address and TCP port number that are used access the console port via Telnet.
• On the Ready to Complete page, review the settings, and then click Finish.
Step 3: On the Virtual Machine Properties dialog box, click OK. The new serial port has been successfully
configured.
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Procedure 3
Configure the vWLC network adapters
Configure the network adapters that will be used for the WLAN service port and the wireless VLAN interfaces.
In this procedure, four physical NIC interfaces are used in two EtherChannel pairs, and each interface in a pair
connects to separate redundant switches.
Step 1: In the Virtual Machine Properties dialog box, select Network adapter 1, and then in the Network label
list, choose WLAN Service Port.
Step 2: Select Network adapter 2, and in the Network label list, choose Wireless VLAN, and then press OK.
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Step 3: In the left column, start the virtual wireless LAN controller for the first time by selecting the virtual machine
you just installed, and then clicking the Power on the virtual machine option shown within the console tab.
Within the Console tab you are prompted to “Press any key to use this terminal as the default terminal.” However,
you do not need to press any key because access via the serial port that was created in Procedure 2 will be used.
Tech Tip
In the event that you are unable to use Telnet to connect to the serial port defined for
the vWLC, you can restart the vWLC and press any key during the initial boot up in
order to use the VMware console port as the access method.
Using a Telnet client, such as Putty, access the vWLC console port by connecting via Telnet to the IP address
and TCP port defined in the Add Hardware wizard in the previous procedure.
.
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Procedure 4
Configure the data center switches
When using a dedicated design controller model with the Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller, the controller
resides within the data center. This procedure configures the data center Cisco Nexus switch for connectivity to
the redundant Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controllers using redundant Ethernet ports configured for link aggregation
(LAG). For the virtual Wireless LAN Controller, these steps are performed for the VM host machine during the
deployment of the VM environment.
Step 1: On the primary data center Cisco Nexus switch (Example: DC5596UPa), create the wireless
management VLAN that you are going to use to connect the redundant Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller.
Vlan 146
name WLAN_Mgmt
Step 2: On the primary data center Cisco Nexus switch (Example: DC5596UPa), create wireless port channels
for the primary and resilient Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller.
interface port-channel65
description Link to WLC7500-1
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
no shutdown
interface port-channel66
description Link to WLC7500-2
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
no shutdown
Step 3: Configure a switched virtual interface (SVI) for the VLAN. This enables devices in the VLAN to
communicate with the rest of the network.
interface Vlan146
no shutdown
description Wireless Management Network
no ip redirects
ip address 10.4.46.2/24
ip router eigrp 100
ip passive-interface eigrp 100
ip pim sparse-mode
hsrp 146
priority 110
ip 10.4.46.1
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Step 4: Configure two ports on the data center switch as a trunk port. These two ports will be connected to the
redundant ports on the primary Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller.
interface Ethernet103/1/1
description Links to 7500-1
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
channel-group 65
no shutdown
interface Ethernet104/1/1
description link to 7500-1
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
channel-group 65
no shutdown
Step 5: Configure two ports on the data center switch as a trunk port. These two ports will be connected to the
redundant ports on the resilient Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller.
interface Ethernet103/1/2
description link to 7500-2
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
channel-group 66
no shutdown
interface Ethernet104/1/2
description link to 7500-2
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
channel-group 66
no shutdown
Step 6: Repeat this procedure for the redundant Cisco Nexus data center switch (Example: DC5596UPb). Failure
to define these on both Cisco Nexus switches results in a configuration inconsistency and prevents the ports
from coming active.
Procedure 5
Configure the LAN distribution switch
Step 1: On the LAN distribution switch, create the wireless management VLAN that you are connecting to the
distribution switch.
vlan 146
name WLAN_Mgmt
Step 2: Configure a switched virtual interface (SVI) for the VLAN so devices in the VLAN can communicate with
the rest of the network.
interface Vlan146
description Wireless Management Network
ip address 10.4.46.1 255.255.255.0
no shutdown
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Step 3: For interface configuration in this procedure, an 802.1Q trunk is used for the connection to the WLCs.
This allows the distribution switch to provide the Layer 3 services to all of the networks defined on the WLC. The
VLANs allowed on the trunk are reduced to only the VLANs that are active on the WLC.
If you are deploying the Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series LAN distribution switch, you do not need to use the
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q command in the following configurations.
If you are deploying a Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller, configure a 10-Gigabit distribution switch
interface as a trunk. Note that when deploying a Cisco Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controller, it should not be
connected to a Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series distribution switch.
interface TenGigabitEthernet [number]
description To WLC port 1
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
switchport mode trunk
macro apply EgressQoS
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
no shutdown
If you are deploying a Cisco 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller, configure at least two distribution switch
interfaces as an EtherChannel trunk.
interface GigabitEthernet [port 1]
description To WLC Port 1
interface GigabitEthernet [port 2]
description To WLC Port 2
!
interface range GigabitEthernet [port 1], GigabitEthernet [port 2]
switchport
macro apply EgressQoS
channel-group [number] mode on
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
logging event bundle-status
!
interface Port-channel [number]
description To WLC
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 146
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
no shutdown
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Procedure 6
Connecting the redundancy port
If you are using a Cisco vWLC, skip this procedure. If you are using a Cisco 7500 Series WLC and you wish to
enable the high availability AP SSO feature, continue with this procedure. When using the high availability feature
known as access point stateful switchover (AP SSO), a dedicated special-purpose port is available on the Cisco
7500 Series WLC. This port is located on the rear panel.
Step 1: Connect an Ethernet cable between the primary and standby WLC, as shown below.
Procedure 7
Configure the WLC platform
If you are installing a vWLC, the console port may be accessed by using a Telnet client as configured in
Procedure 2. Alternately, you can use the VMware Console tab within vSphere in order to access the vWLC if the
vSphere console was selected as the default terminal when the vWLC was started.
After the WLC is installed and powered on, you will see the following on the console:
Welcome to the Cisco Wizard Configuration Tool
Use the ‘-‘ character to backup
Step 1: Terminate the autoinstall process.
Would you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: YES
Step 2: Enter a system name. (Example: WLC-RemoteSites-1)
System Name [Cisco_d9:3d:66] (31 characters max): WLC-RemoteSites-1
Step 3: Enter an administrator username and password.
Tech Tip
Use at least three of the following four classes in the password: lowercase letters,
uppercase letters, digits, or special characters.
Enter Administrative User Name (24 characters max): admin
Enter Administrative Password (24 characters max): *****
Re-enter Administrative Password : *****
Step 4: Use DHCP for the service port interface address.
Service Interface IP address Configuration [none] [DHCP]: DHCP
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Step 5: Enter the IP address and subnet mask for the management interface.
If you are deploying a Cisco 5500 Series WLC or Cisco Flex Series Cloud Controller, configure at least two
interfaces as an EtherChannel trunk.
Enable Link Aggregation (LAG) [yes][NO]: YES
Management Interface IP Address: 10.4.46.68
Management Interface Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Management interface Default Router: 10.4.46.1
Management Interface VLAN Identifier (0 = untagged): 146
If you are deploying a virtual Wireless LAN Controller, select port 1 as the management interface port.
Management Interface Port Num [1 to 1]: 1
Step 6: Enter the default DHCP server for clients. (Example: 10.4.48.10)
Management Interface DHCP Server IP Address: 10.4.48.10
Step 7: If you are deploying a Cisco 7500 Series Wireless LAN Controller as a primary WLC in an AP-SSO
redundant pair, complete the following steps. This enables AP SSO on the primary.
Enable HA [yes][NO]: YES
Configure HA Unit [PRIMARY][secondary]: PRIMARY
Redundancy Management IP Address: 10.4.46.78
Peer Redundancy Management IP Address: 10.4.46.79
Step 8: If you are deploying a Cisco 7500 Series Wireless LAN Controller as a secondary WLC in an AP-SSO
redundant pair, complete the following steps. This enables AP SSO on the secondary
Enable HA [yes][NO]: YES
Configure HA Unit [PRIMARY][secondary]: secondary
Redundancy Management IP Address: 10.4.46.79
Peer Redundancy Management IP Address: 10.4.46.78
Step 9: The virtual interface is used by the WLC for mobility DHCP relay and intercontroller communication.
Enter an IP address that is not used in your organization’s network. (Example: 192.0.2.1)
Virtual Gateway IP Address: 192.0.2.1
Step 10: Enter a name for the default mobility and RF group. (Example: REMOTES)
Mobility/RF Group Name: REMOTES
Step 11: Enter an SSID for the WLAN that supports data traffic. You will be able to leverage this later in the
deployment process.
Network Name (SSID): WLAN-Data
Configure DHCP Bridging Mode [yes][NO]: NO
Step 12: Enable DHCP snooping.
Allow Static IP Addresses {YES][no]: NO
Step 13: Do not configure the RADIUS server now. You will configure the RADIUS server later by using the GUI.
Configure a RADIUS Server now? [YES][no]: NO
Step 14: Enter the correct country code for the country where you are deploying the WLC.
Enter Country Code list (enter ‘help’ for a list of countries) [US]: US
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Step 15: Enable all wireless networks.
Enable 802.11b network [YES][no]: YES
Enable 802.11a network [YES][no]: YES
Enable 802.11g network [YES][no]: YES
Step 16: Enable the RRM auto-RF feature. This helps you keep your network up and operational.
Enable Auto-RF [YES][no]: YES
Step 17: Synchronize the WLC clock to your organization’s NTP server.
Configure a NTP server now? [YES][no]:YES
Enter the NTP server’s IP address: 10.4.48.17
Enter a polling interval between 3600 and 604800 secs: 86400
Step 18: Save the configuration. If you respond with no, the system will restart without saving the configuration,
and you will have to complete this procedure again.
Configuration correct? If yes, system will save it and reset. [yes][NO]: YES
Configuration saved!
Resetting system with new configuration
Step 19: After the WLC has restarted, access the console port on the WLC and configure it to automatically
convert the APs to Cisco FlexConnect mode as they register.
config ap autoconvert flexconnect
Step 20: Log in to the Cisco Wireless LAN Controller Administration page by using the credentials defined in
Step 2. (Example: https://WLC-RemoteSites-1.cisco.local/)
Procedure 8
Configure the time zone
Step 1: Navigate to Commands > Set Time.
Step 2: In the Location list, choose the time zone that corresponds to the location of the WLC.
Step 3: Click Set Timezone.
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Procedure 9
Configure SNMP
Step 1: In Management > SNMP > Communities, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Community Name. (Example: cisco)
Step 3: Enter the IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.0)
Step 4: Enter the IP Mask. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 5: In the Status list, choose Enable, and then click Apply.
Step 6: In Management > SNMP > Communities, click New.
Step 7: Enter the Community Name. (Example: cisco123)
Step 8: Enter the IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.0)
Step 9: Enter the IP Mask. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 10: In the Access Mode list, choose Read/Write.
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Step 11: In the Status list, choose Enable, and then click Apply.
Step 12: Navigate to Management > SNMP > Communities.
Step 13: Point to the blue box for the public community, and then click Remove.
Step 14: On the “Are you sure you want to delete?” message, click OK.
Step 15: Repeat Step 13 and Step 14 for the private community. You should have only the read-write and readonly community strings, as shown in the following screenshot.
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Procedure 10
Limit which networks can manage the WLC
(Optional)
In networks where network operational support is centralized you can increase network security by using an
access control list in order to limit the networks that can access your controller. In this example, only devices on
the 10.4.48.0/24 network are able to access the controller via SSH or SNMP.
Step 1: In Security > Access Control Lists > Access Control Lists, click New.
Step 2: Enter an access control list name, and then click Apply.
Step 3: In the list, choose the name of the access control list you just created, and then click Add New Rule.
Step 4: In the window, enter the following configuration details, and then click Apply.
• Sequence—1
• Source—10.4.48.0 / 255.255.255.0
• Destination—Any
• Protocol—TCP
• Destination Port—HTTPS
• Action—Permit
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Step 5: Repeat Step 3 through Step 4 four more times, using the configuration details in the following table.
Sequence
Source
Destination
Protocol
Destination Port
Action
2
10.4.48.0/
255.255.255.0
Any
TCP
Other/22
Permit
3
Any
Any
TCP
HTTPS
Deny
4
Any
Any
TCP
Other/22
Deny
5
Any
Any
Any
Any
Permit
Step 6: In Security > Access Control Lists > CPU Access Control Lists, select Enable CPU ACL.
Step 7: In the ACL Name list, choose the ACL you just created, and then click Apply.
Procedure 11
Configure wireless user authentication
Step 1: In Security > AAA > RADIUS > Authentication, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 3: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 4: To the right of Management, clear Enable, and then click Apply.
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Step 5: In Security > AAA > RADIUS > Accounting, click New.
Step 6: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 7: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Procedure 12
Configure management authentication
(Optional)
You can use this procedure to deploy centralized management authentication by configuring an authentication,
authorization and accounting (AAA) service. If you prefer to use local management authentication, skip to
Procedure 13.
As networks scale in the number of devices to maintain, the operational burden to maintain local management
accounts on every device also scales. A centralized Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) service
reduces operational tasks per device and provides an audit log of user access for security compliance and
root-cause analysis. When AAA is enabled for access control, it controls all management access to the network
infrastructure devices (SSH and HTTPS).
Step 1: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Authentication, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
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Step 3: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 4: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Accounting, click New.
Step 5: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 6: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 7: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Authorization, click New.
Step 8: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
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Step 9: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 10: Navigate to Security > Priority Order > Management User.
Step 11: Using the arrow buttons, move TACACS+ from the Not Used list to the Used for Authentication list.
Step 12: Using the Up and Down buttons, move TACACS+ to be the first in the Order Used for Authentication
list.
Step 13: Using the arrow buttons, move RADIUS to the Not Used list, and then click Apply.
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Procedure 13
Configure the resilient WLC
This design uses two WLCs. The first is the primary WLC, and the access points register to it. The second WLC
provides resiliency in case the primary WLC fails. Under normal operation, there will not be any access points
registered to this WLC.
Step 1: Configure the resilient AP-SSO secondary WLC by repeating Procedure 5 through Procedure 10.
Procedure 14
Configure mobility groups
In the event that you are using two WLCs using AP SSO mode of operation (Cisco 5500 Series WLCs or Cisco
Flex 7500 Series Cloud Controllers), you should skip this procedure. If you are using two or more WLCs without
AP SSO (vWLCs), then complete this procedure in order to create a mobility group.
Step 1: On the primary controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups. The MAC
address, IP address, and mobility group name for the local controller are shown on the Static Mobility Group
Members page.
Step 2: On the resilient controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then
click New.
Step 3: In the Member IP Address box, enter the IP address of the primary controller. (Example: 10.4.46.68)
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Step 4: In the Member MAC Address box, enter the MAC address of the primary controller, and then click
Apply.
Step 5: On the primary controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then
click New.
Step 6: In the Member IP Address box, enter the IP address of the resilient controller. (Example: 10.4.46.69)
Step 7: In the Member MAC Address box, enter the MAC address of the resilient controller, and then click
Apply.
Step 8: On each controller, click Save Configuration, and then click OK.
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Step 9: Navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then verify that connectivity is
up between all the controllers by examining the mobility group information. In the Status column, all controllers
should be listed as Up.
Procedure 15
Configure the data wireless LAN
Wireless data traffic can handle delay, jitter, and packet loss more efficiently than wireless voice traffic. For the
data WLAN, keep the default QoS settings and segment the data traffic onto the data wired VLAN.
Step 1: Navigate to WLANs.
Step 2: Click the WLAN ID number of the data SSID.
Step 3: On the General Tab, to the right of Status, select Enabled, and then click Apply.
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Step 4: On the Advanced tab, disable mDNS Snooping as this is not supported with FlexConnect Local
Switching.
Step 5: Enable FlexConnect Local Switching by selecting Enabled, and then click Apply.
Procedure 16
Configure the voice wireless LAN
Wireless voice traffic is unique among other types of data traffic in that it cannot effectively handle delay and
jitter or packet loss. To configure the voice WLAN, change the default QoS settings to Platinum and segment the
voice traffic onto the voice wired VLAN.
Step 1: On the WLANs page, in the list, choose Create New, and then click Go.
Step 2: Enter the Profile Name. (Example: Voice)
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Step 3: In the SSID box, enter the voice WLAN name, and then click Apply. (Example: WLAN-Voice)
Step 4: On the Advanced tab, disable mDNS Snooping as this is not supported with FlexConnect Local Switching.
Step 5: Enable FlexConnect Local Switching by selecting Enabled, and then click Apply.
Step 6: On the QoS tab, in the Quality of Service (QoS) list, choose Platinum (voice), and then click Apply.
Step 7: On the General tab, to the right of Status, select Enabled, and then click Apply.
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Procedure 17
Configure controller discovery
You have three options to configure controller discovery, depending on the number of controller pairs and the
type of DHCP server you’ve deployed.
If you have only one controller pair in your organization, complete Option 1 of this procedure.
If you have deployed multiple controller pairs in your organization and you use Cisco IOS software in order to
provide DHCP service, complete Option 2. If you have deployed multiple controller pairs in your organization and
you use a Microsoft DHCP server, complete Option 3.
Figure 6 - Flow chart of WLC discovery configuration options
Start
Multiple
non-AP SSO
controller pairs
One controller pair
or controller pair
using AP SSO
Use DHCP Option 43
to return the IP addresses
of the wireless LAN
controller pairs
Use DNS to resolve
cisco-capwap-controller
to the controller’s
management IP address
using Option 1
? Do controller
sites have Microsoft
DHCP server?
Finished
Deployment Details
YES
NO
Configure Microsoft
DHCP Server
using Option 3
Configure IOS-based
DHCP Server
using Option 2
Finished
Finished
1077
How many
wireless LAN
controllers?
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Option 1: Only one WLC pair in the organization
If AP SSO is being used, the WLC pair is represented by a single IP address, that being the management
address of the primary WLC. The resilient secondary controller will assume the IP address of the primary in the
event the primary WLC fails.
Step 1: Configure the organization’s DNS servers (Example: 10.4.48.10) to resolve the cisco-capwap-controller
host name to the management IP address of the controller. (Example: 10.4.46.64) The cisco-capwap-controller
DNS record provides bootstrap information for access points that run software version 6.0 and higher.
Step 2: If the network includes access points that run software older than version 6.0, add a DNS record to
resolve the host name cisco-lwapp-controller to the management IP address of the controller.
Option 2: Multiple WLC pairs in the organization: Cisco IOS DHCP server
In a network where there is no external central site DHCP server you can provide DHCP service with Cisco IOS
software. This function can also be useful at a remote-site where you want to provide local DHCP service and
not depend on the WAN link to an external central-site DHCP server.
Step 1: Assemble the DHCP Option 43 value.
The hexadecimal string is assembled as a sequence of the Type + Length + Value (TLV) values for the Option 43
suboption, as follows:
• Type is always the suboption code 0xf1.
• Length is the number of controller management IP addresses times 4 in hex.
• Value is the IP address of the controller listed sequentially in hex.
For example, suppose there are two controllers with management interface IP addresses, 10.4.46.64 and
10.4.46.65. The type is 0xf1. The length is 2 * 4 = 8 = 0x08. The IP addresses translate to 0a042e44
(10.4.46.68) and 0a042e45(10.4.46.69). When the string is assembled, it yields f1080a042e440a042e45.
Step 2: On the network device, add Option 43 to the pre-existing data network DHCP Pool.
ip dhcp pool [pool name]
option 43 hex [f1080a042e440a042e45]
Option 3: Multiple WLC pairs in the organization: Microsoft DHCP server
This procedure shows how the Microsoft DHCP server is configured to return vendor-specific information to the
lightweight Cisco Aironet 1600, 2600, and 3600 Series Access Points used in this design guide. The vendor
class identifier for a lightweight Cisco Aironet access point is specific to each model type. To support more than
one access point model, you must create a vendor class for each model type.
Table 6 - Vendor class identifiers
Access point
Vendor class identifier
Cisco Aironet 1600 Series
Cisco AP c1600
Cisco Aironet 2600 Series
Cisco AP c2600
Cisco Aironet 3600 Series
Cisco AP c3600
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Step 1: Open the DHCP Server Administration Tool or MMC.
Step 2: Navigate to DHCP > ad.cisco.local, right-click IPv4, and then click Define Vendor Classes.
Step 3: In the DHCP Vendor Classes dialog box, click Add.
Step 4: In the New Class dialog box, enter a Display Name. (Example: Cisco Aironet 1600 AP)
Step 5: In the ASCII section, enter the vendor class identifier for the appropriate access point series from Table
6, and then click OK. (Example: Cisco AP c1600)
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Step 6: In the DHCP Vendor Classes dialog box, click Close.
Step 7: Right-click the IPV4 DHCP server root, and then click Set Predefined Options.
Step 8: In the Option Class list, choose the class you just created, and then click Add.
Step 9: In the Option Type dialog box, enter a Name. (Example: Option 43)
Step 10: In the Data Type list, choose IP Address.
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Step 11: Select Array.
Step 12: In the Code box, enter 241, and then click OK.
The vendor class and suboption are now programmed into the DHCP server. Now, you need to define the
vendor-specific information for the DHCP scope.
Step 13: Choose the DHCP that you will be installing access points on, right-click Scope Options, and then click
Configure Options.
Step 14: Click the Advanced tab, and then in the Vendor class list, choose the class you created in this
procedure. (Example: Cisco Aironet 1600 AP)
Step 15: Under Available Options, select 241 Option 43.
Step 16: In the IP address box, enter the IP address of the primary controller’s management interface, and then
click Add. (Example: 10.4.46.68)
Step 17: If you are not using AP-SSO, it is necessary to repeat Step 16 for the resilient controller, and then click
Apply. (Example: 10.4.46.69)
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Procedure 18
Configure the remote-site router
Remote-site routers require additional configuration in order to support wireless VLANs. If you have a single
WAN remote-site router, complete Option 1 of this procedure. If you have dual remote-site routers, complete
Option 2.
Option 1: Single WAN remote-site router
Step 1: Create wireless data and voice sub-interfaces on the router’s interface that connects to the access
layer switch. The interface will be a physical interface when the connection is a single link, and it will be a logical
port-channel interface when the connection is EtherChannel.
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.65
description Wireless Data
encapsulation dot1Q 65
ip address 10.5.42.1 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 10.4.48.10
ip pim sparse-mode
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.70
description Wireless Voice
encapsulation dot1Q 70
ip address 10.5.43.1 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 10.4.48.10
ip pim sparse-mode
Step 2: If application optimization is deployed at the remote site as described in the Application Optimization
Using Cisco WAAS Design Guide, configure Web Cache Communication Protocol (WCCP) redirection on the
router’s wireless data interface.
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.65
description Wireless Data
ip wccp 61 redirect in
Step 3: If the network does not have a central-site DHCP server, configure the Cisco IOS software DHCP
service on the router.
ip dhcp excluded-address 10.5.42.1 10.5.42.10
ip dhcp excluded-address 10.5.43.1 10.5.43.10
ip dhcp pool WLAN-Data
network 10.5.42.0 255.255.255.0
default-router 10.5.42.1
domain-name cisco.local
dns-server 10.4.48.10
ip dhcp pool WLAN-Voice
network 10.5.43.0 255.255.255.0
default-router 10.5.43.1
domain-name cisco.local
dns-server 10.4.48.10
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Option 2: Dual WAN remote-site routers
Step 1: On the primary router, create wireless data and voice sub-interfaces on the interface that connects to
the access layer switch. The interface will be a physical interface when the connection is a single link, and it will
be a logical port-channel interface when the connection is EtherChannel.
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.65
description Wireless Data
encapsulation dot1Q 65
ip address 10.5.42.2 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 10.4.48.10
ip pim dr-priority 110
ip pim sparse-mode
standby version 2
standby 1 ip 10.5.42.1
standby 1 priority 110
standby 1 preempt
standby 1 authentication md5 key-string cisco123
standby 1 track 50 decrement 10
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.70
description Wireless Voice
encapsulation dot1Q 70
ip address 10.5.43.2 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 10.4.48.10
ip pim dr-priority 110
ip pim sparse-mode
standby version 2
standby 1 ip 10.5.43.1
standby 1 priority 110
standby 1 preempt
standby 1 authentication md5 key-string cisco123
standby 1 track 50 decrement 10
Step 2: On the secondary router, create wireless data and voice sub-interfaces on the interface that connects
to the access layer switch. The interface will be a physical interface when the connection is a single link, and a
logical port-channel interface when the connection is EtherChannel.
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.65
description Wireless Data
encapsulation dot1Q 65
ip address 10.5.42.3 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 10.4.48.10
ip pim dr-priority 105
ip pim sparse-mode
standby version 2
standby 1 ip 10.5.42.1
standby 1 priority 105
standby 1 preempt
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standby 1 authentication md5 key-string cisco123
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.70
description Wireless Voice
encapsulation dot1Q 70
ip address 10.5.43.3 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 10.4.48.10
ip pim dr-priority 105
ip pim sparse-mode
standby version 2
standby 1 ip 10.5.43.1
standby 1 priority 105
standby 1 preempt
standby 1 authentication md5 key-string cisco123
Step 3: If application optimization is deployed at the remote site as described in the Application Optimization
Using Cisco WAAS Design Guide, configure WCCP redirection on both the primary and secondary router.
interface GigabitEthernet0/2.65
description Wireless Data
ip wccp 61 redirect in
Procedure 19
Configure the remote-site switch for APs
Before remote-site switches can offer the appropriate trunk behavior to access points configured for Cisco
FlexConnect wireless switching, you must reconfigure the switch interfaces connected to the access points. For
consistency and modularity, configure all WAN remote sites that have a single access switch or switch stack to
use the same VLAN assignment scheme.
Step 1: On the remote-site switch, create the data and voice wireless VLANs.
vlan 65
name WLAN_Data
vlan 70
name WLAN_Voice
Step 2: Configure the existing interface where the router is connected to allow the wireless VLANs across the
trunk. If there are two routers at the site, configure both interfaces.
interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/24
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 65,70
Step 3: Reset the switch interface where the wireless access point will connect to its default configuration.
default interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/23
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Step 4: Configure the interface to which the access point will connect to allow a VLAN trunk for remote-site
VLANs.
Tech Tip
The Inter-Switch Link trunking protocol is supported on Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series
Switches but not supported on Cisco Catalyst 2960s and 4500 Series Switches. As
such, you do not need to specify the trunk encapsulation type on Catalyst 2960 and
4500 Series switches, but you do need to specify it on Catalyst 3750 Series switches.
interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/23
description FlexConnect Access Point Connection
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk native vlan 64
switchport trunk allowed vlan 64,65,70
switchport mode trunk
switchport port-security maximum 255
spanning-tree portfast trunk
macro apply EgressQoS
Procedure 20
Enable licensing on the vWLC
The Wireless LAN Controller virtual Appliance OVA includes a temporary 60-day license that includes 200
access points. You can activate the demo license included with the vWLC deployment by completing the
following steps. After you acquire a permanent license from [email protected], you must install and activate it,
using the same steps below.
Caution
If you do not activate the demo licenses, you will be unable to register the access point
with the vWLC.
Step 1: On the vWLC, navigate to Management > Software Activation > Licensing.
Step 2: Change the Priority to High by using the Set Priority button, and then click Apply.
Step 3: Accept the License, click OK, and then click Apply.
Step 4: Reboot the vWLC by navigating to Commands > Reboot > Save and Reboot.
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Procedure 21
Configure the AP for Cisco FlexConnect
Step 1: Connect the access point to the remote-site switch, and then wait for the light on the access point to
turn a solid color.
Step 2: On the WLC’s web interface, navigate to Wireless > Access Points.
Step 3: Select the AP Name of the access point you want to configure.
Step 4: If the access points were not previously registered to the WLC prior to issuing the autoconvert
command in Step 18 of Procedure 7, skip this step.
If the access points were registered to the WLC prior to issuing the autoconvert command, on the General
tab, in the AP Mode list, choose FlexConnect, and then click Apply. Wait for the access point to reboot and
reconnect to the controller. This should take approximately three minutes.
Step 5: In Wireless > Access Points, select the same access point as in Step 3.
Step 6: On the FlexConnect tab, select VLAN Support.
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Step 7: In the Native VLAN ID box, enter the trunk’s native VLAN number as configured in Procedure 17, and
then click Apply. (Example: 64)
Step 8: Click VLAN Mappings.
Step 9: For the data WLAN, in the VLAN ID box, enter the VLAN number from Procedure 17. (Example: 65)
Step 10: For the voice WLAN, in the VLAN ID box, enter the VLAN number from Procedure 17, and then click
Apply. (Example: 70)
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Procedure 22
Configure access points for resiliency
If you are using the AP SSO high availability feature on a Cisco 5500 Series WLC or Cisco Flex 7500 Series
Cloud Controller, skip this procedure, as the resilient controller automatically tracks the primary controller and
assumes its IP address in the event of a failure. The AP SSO feature is not available on the virtual wireless LAN
controller (vWLC).
Step 1: On the primary WLC, navigate to Wireless, and then select the desired access point. If the access point
is not listed, check the resilient WLC.
Step 2: Click the High Availability tab.
Step 3: In the Primary Controller box, enter the name and management IP address of the primary WLC.
(Example: WLC-RemoteSites-1 / 10.4.46.68)
Step 4: In the Secondary Controller box, enter the name and management IP address of the resilient WLC, and
then click Apply. (Example: WLC-RemoteSites-2 / 10.4.46.69)
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Procedure 23
Configure Cisco FlexConnect groups
Step 1: On the WLC, navigate to Wireless > FlexConnect Groups, and then click New.
Step 2: In the Group Name box, enter a name that will allow you to associate the group with the remote site, and
then click Apply. (Example: Remote-Site 1)
Step 3: Under Group Name, click the group you just created.
Step 4: Under Add AP, select Select APs from current controller.
Step 5: In the AP Name list, choose an access point that is located at the site, and then click Add.
Step 6: Repeat the previous step for every access point at the site.
Step 7: Under AAA, enter the Server IP Address and Shared Secret, click Add, and then click Apply.
Step 8: Repeat Procedure 23 for each remote site.
Configuring Guest Wireless: Shared Guest Controller
PROCESS
1. Configure the distribution switch
2. Configure the firewall DMZ interface
3. Configure Network Address Translation
4. Configure guest network security policy
5. Create the guest wireless LAN interface
6. Configure the guest wireless LAN
7. Create the lobby admin user account
8. Create guest accounts
Procedure 1
Configure the distribution switch
The VLAN used in the following configuration examples is:
Guest Wireless—VLAN 1128, IP: 192.168.28.0/22
Step 1: On the LAN distribution switch, for Layer 2 configuration, create the guest wireless VLAN.
vlan 1128
name Guest_Wireless
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Step 2: Configure the interfaces that connect to the Internet edge firewalls by adding the wireless VLAN.
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/24
description IE-ASA5540a Gig0/1
!
interface GigabitEthernet2/0/24
description IE-ASA5540b Gig0/1
!
interface range GigabitEthernet1/0/24, GigabitEthernet2/0/24
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1128
Step 3: Configure the interfaces that connect to the WLCs by adding the wireless VLAN.
interface Port-channel [WLC #1 number]
description WLC-1 LAG
!
interface Port-channel [WLC #2 number]
description WLC-2 LAG
!
interface range Port-channel [WLC #1 number], Port-channel [WLC #2 number]
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1128
Procedure 2
Configure the firewall DMZ interface
Typically, the firewall DMZ is a portion of the network where traffic to and from other parts of the network is
tightly restricted. Organizations place network services in a DMZ for exposure to the Internet; these services are
typically not allowed to initiate connections to the inside network, except for specific circumstances.
The guest DMZ is connected to Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) on the appliances’ internal Gigabit
Ethernet interface via a VLAN trunk. The IP address assigned to the VLAN interface on the appliance is the
default gateway for that DMZ subnet. The internal distribution switch’s VLAN interface does not have an IP
address assigned for the DMZ VLAN.
Table 7 - Cisco ASA DMZ interface information
Interface Label
IP Address & Netmask
VLAN
Security Level
Name
GigabitEthernet0/0.1128
192.168.28.1/22
1128
10
dmz-guests
Step 1: Login to the Internet Edge firewall using Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (Cisco ASDM).
Step 2: Navigate to Configuration -> Device Setup ->Interfaces.
Step 3: On the Interface pane, click Add > Interface.
Step 4: In the Hardware Port list, choose the interface that is connected to the internal LAN distribution switch.
(Example: GigabitEthernet0/0)
Step 5: In the VLAN ID box, enter the VLAN number for the DMZ VLAN. (Example: 1128)
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Step 6: In the Subinterface ID box, enter the VLAN number for the DMZ VLAN. (Example: 1128)
Step 7: Enter an Interface Name. (Example: dmz-guests)
Step 8: In the Security Level box, enter a value of 10.
Step 9: Enter the interface IP Address. (Example: 192.168.28.1)
Step 10: Enter the interface Subnet Mask, and then click OK. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 11: Navigate to Configuration > Device Management > High Availability > Failover.
Step 12: On the Interfaces tab, in the Standby IP address column, enter the IP address of the standby unit for
the interface you just created. (Example: 192.168.28.2)
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Step 13: Select Monitored, and then click Apply.
Step 14: At the bottom of the window, click Apply. This saves the configuration.
Procedure 3
Configure Network Address Translation
The DMZ network uses private network (RFC 1918) addressing that is not Internet-routable, so the firewall must
translate the DMZ address of the guest clients to an outside public address.
Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Network Objects/Groups.
Step 2: Click Add > Network Object.
Step 3: In the Add Network Object dialog box, in the Name box, enter a description for the guest network.
(Example: dmz-guests-network-ISPa)
Step 4: In the Type list, choose Network.
Step 5: In the IP Address box, enter the guest DMZ network address. (Example: 192.168.28.0)
Step 6: Enter the guest DMZ netmask. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 7: Click the two down arrows. The NAT pane expands.
Step 8: Select Add Automatic Address Translation Rules.
Step 9: In the Type list, choose Dynamic PAT (Hide).
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Step 10: In the Translated Addr list, choose the interface name for the primary Internet connection. (Example:
outside-16)
Step 11: Click Advanced.
Step 12: In the Destination Interface list, choose the interface name for the primary Internet connection, and
then click OK. (Example: outside-16)
Step 13: In the Add Network Object dialog box, click OK.
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Procedure 4
Configure guest network security policy
Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules.
Step 2: Click the rule that denies traffic from the DMZ toward other networks.
First, you enable the guests to communicate with the DNS and DHCP servers in the data center.
Step 3: Click Add > Insert.
Step 4: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 5: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
Step 6: In the Destination list, choose the network object for the DNS server. (Example: internal-dns)
Step 7: In the Service list, enter udp/domain, tcp/domain, and then click OK.
Step 8: Click Add > Insert.
Step 9: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 10: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
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Step 11: In the Destination list, choose the network object for the DHCP server. (Example: internal-dhcp)
Step 12: In the Service list, enter udp/bootps, and then click OK.
Next, you enable the guests to communicate with the web servers in the DMZ.
Step 13: Click Add > Insert.
Step 14: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 15: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
Step 16: In the Destination list, choose the network object automatically created for the web DMZ. (Example:
dmz-web-network/24)
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Step 17: In the Service list, enter tcp/http, tcp/https, and then click OK.
Next, you remove the guest’s ability communicate with other internal and DMZ devices.
Step 18: Click Add > Insert.
Step 19: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 20: To the right of Action, select Deny.
Step 21: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
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Step 22: In the Destination list, choose the network objects for the internal and DMZ networks, and then click
OK. (Example: internal-network, dmz-networks)
Next, you enable the guests to communicate with the Internet.
Step 23: Click Add > Insert.
Step 24: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 25: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ, click OK, and
then click Apply. (Example: dmz-guests-network/22)
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Procedure 5
Create the guest wireless LAN interface
The guest wireless interface is connected to the DMZ of the Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security
Appliances. This allows guest wireless traffic only to and from the Internet. All traffic, regardless of the controller
that the guest initially connects to, is tunneled to the guest WLC and leaves the controller on this interface. To
easily identify the guest wireless devices on the network, use an IP address range for these clients that are not
part of your organization’s regular network. This procedure adds an interface that allows devices on the guest
wireless network to communicate with the Internet.
Step 1: In Controller>Interfaces, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Interface Name. (Example: Wireless-Guest)
Step 3: Enter the VLAN Id, and then click Apply. (Example: 1128)
Step 4: In the IP Address box, enter the IP address you want to assign to the WLC interface. (Example:
192.168.28.5)
Step 5: Enter the Netmask. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 6: In the Gateway box, enter the IP address of the firewall’s DMZ interface, defined in Procedure 2.
(Example: 192.168.28.1)
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Step 7: In the Primary DHCP Server box, enter the IP address of your organization’s DHCP server, and then
click Apply. (Example: 10.4.48.10)
Tech Tip
To prevent DHCP from assigning addresses to wireless clients that conflict with the
WLC’s addresses, exclude the addresses you assign to the WLC interfaces from DHCP
scopes.
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Procedure 6
Configure the guest wireless LAN
Step 1: On the WLANs page, in the list, choose Create New, and then click Go.
Step 2: Enter the Profile Name. (Example: Guest)
Step 3: In the SSID box, enter the guest WLAN name, and then click Apply. (Example: Guest)
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Step 4: On the General tab, in the Interface/Interface Group(G) list, choose the interface created in Procedure
5. (Example: wireless-guest)
Step 5: Click the Security tab, and then on the Layer 2 tab, in the Layer 2 Security list, choose None.
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Step 6: On the Layer 3 tab, select Web Policy, and then click OK.
Step 7: On the QoS tab, in the Quality of Service (QoS) list, choose Bronze (background), and then click Apply.
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Step 8: On the General tab, to the right of Status, select Enabled, and then click Apply.
Procedure 7
Create the lobby admin user account
Typically, the lobby administrator is the first person to interact with your corporate guests. The lobby administrator
can create individual guest user accounts and passwords that last from one to several days, depending upon the
length of stay for each guest.
Step 1: In Management > Local Management Users, click New.
Step 2: Enter the username. (Example: Guest-Admin)
Step 3: Enter and confirm the password. (Example: C1sco123)
Step 4: In the User Access Mode list, choose LobbyAdmin, and then click Apply.
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Procedure 8
Create guest accounts
Now you can use the lobby administrator account to create usernames and passwords for partners, customers,
and anyone else who is not normally granted access to your network.
Step 1: Using a web browser, open the WLC’s web interface (for example, https://wlc-1.cisco.local/), and then
log in using your LobbyAdmin account with the username Guest-Admin and password C1sco123.
Step 2: From the Lobby Ambassador Guest Management page, click New.
Step 3: Create a new username and password, or allow the system to create a password automatically by
selecting Generate Password.
Step 4: Click Apply. The new user name and password are created.
With a wireless client, you can now test connectivity to the guest WLAN. Without any security enabled, you
should receive an IP address, and after opening a web browser, you should be redirected to a web page to enter
a username and password for Internet access, which will be available to a guest user for 24 hours.
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Configuring Guest Wireless: Dedicated Guest Controller
1. Configure the DMZ switch
2. Configure the firewall DMZ interface
3. Configure Network Address Translation
4. Create network objects
5. Configure WLC security policy
PROCESS
6. Configure guest network security policy
7. Configure the DMZ WLC
8. Configure the time zone
9. Configure SNMP
10.Limit which networks can manage the WLC
11.Configure management authentication
12.Create the guest wireless LAN interface
13.Configure the guest wireless LAN
14.Configure mobility groups
15.Create the lobby admin user account
16.Configure the internal WLCs for a guest
17.Create guest accounts
Procedure 1
Configure the DMZ switch
The VLANs used in the following configuration examples are:
• Guest Wireless—VLAN 1128, IP: 192.168.28.0/22
• Wireless management—VLAN 1119, IP 192.168.19.0/24
Step 1: On the DMZ switch, create the wireless VLANs.
vlan 1119
name WLAN_Mgmt
vlan 1128
name Guest_Wireless
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Step 2: Configure the interfaces that connect to the Internet firewalls as trunk ports and add the wireless VLANs.
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/24
description IE-ASA5545a Gig0/1
!
interface GigabitEthernet2/0/24
description IE-ASA5545b Gig0/1
!
interface range GigabitEthernet1/0/24, GigabitEthernet2/0/24
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1119, 1128
switchport mode trunk
macro apply EgressQoS
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
no shutdown
Step 3: This deployment uses Layer 2 EtherChannels in order to connect the WLCs to the DMZ switch. Connect
the WLC EtherChannel uplinks to separate devices in the DMZ stack.
On the DMZ switch, the physical interfaces that are members of a Layer 2 EtherChannel are configured
prior to configuring the logical port-channel interface. Doing the configuration in this order allows for minimal
configuration because most of the commands entered to a port-channel interface are copied to its members’
interfaces and do not require manual replication.
Configure two or more physical interfaces to be members of the EtherChannel. It is best if they are added in
multiples of two.
Interface range GigabitEthernet1/0/13, GigabitEthernet2/0/13
description DMZ-WLC-Guest-1
!
Interface range GigabitEthernet 1/0/14,GigabitEthernet 2/0/14
description DMZ-WLC-Guest-2
!
interface range GigabitEthernet 1/0/13, GigabitEthernet 2/0/13
channel-group 12 mode on
macro apply EgressQoS
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
logging event bundle-status
interface range GigabitEthernet 1/0/14, GigabitEthernet 2/0/14
channel-group 13 mode on
macro apply EgressQoS
logging event link-status
logging event trunk-status
logging event bundle-status
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Step 4: Configure trunks.
An 802.1Q trunk is used for the connection to the WLC, which allows the firewall to provide the Layer 3 services
to all the VLANs defined on the access layer switch. The VLANs allowed on the trunk are reduced to only the
VLANs that are active on the WLC.
interface Port-channel12
description DMZ-WLC-Guest-1
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 1119,1128
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
no shutdown
interface Port-channel13
description DMZ-WLC-Guest-2
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 1119,1128
switchport mode trunk
logging event link-status
no shutdown
Procedure 2
Configure the firewall DMZ interface
Typically, the firewall DMZ is a portion of the network where traffic to and from other parts of the network is
tightly restricted. Organizations place network services in a DMZ for exposure to the Internet; these services are
typically not allowed to initiate connections to the inside network, except for specific circumstances.
The various DMZ networks are connected to Cisco ASA on the appliances’ Gigabit Ethernet interface via a
VLAN trunk. The IP address assigned to the VLAN interface on the appliance is the default gateway for that DMZ
subnet. The DMZ switch’s VLAN interface does not have an IP address assigned for the DMZ VLAN.
Table 8 - Cisco ASA DMZ interface information
Interface Label
IP Address & Netmask
VLAN
Security Level
Name
GigabitEthernet0/1.1119
192.168.19.1/24
1119
50
dmz-wlc
GigabitEthernet0/1.1128
192.168.28.1/22
1128
10
dmz-guests
Step 1: Login to the Internet Edge firewall using Cisco ASDM.
Step 2: Navigate to Configuration > Device Setup > Interfaces, and then click the interface that is connected to
the DMZ switch. (Example: GigabitEthernet0/1)
Step 3: Click Edit.
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Step 4: Select Enable Interface, and then click OK.
Step 5: On the Interface pane, click Add > Interface.
Step 6: In the Hardware Port list, choose the interface configured in Step 2. (Example: GigabitEthernet0/1)
Step 7: In the VLAN ID box, enter the VLAN number for the DMZ VLAN. (Example: 1119)
Step 8: In the Subinterface ID box, enter the VLAN number for the DMZ VLAN. (Example: 1119)
Step 9: Enter an Interface Name. (Example: dmz-wlc)
Step 10: In the Security Level box, enter a value of 50.
Step 11: Enter the interface IP Address. (Example: 192.168.19.1)
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Step 12: Enter the interface Subnet Mask, and then click OK. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 13: Navigate to Configuration > Device Management > High Availability and Scalability > Failover.
Step 14: On the Interfaces tab, in the Standby IP address column, enter the IP address of the standby unit for
the interface you just created. (Example: 192.168.19.2)
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Step 15: Select Monitored, and then click Apply.
Step 16: At the bottom of the window, click Apply. This saves the configuration.
Step 17: Repeat Step 5 through Step 12 for the dmz-guests interface.
Procedure 3
Configure Network Address Translation
The DMZ network uses private network (RFC 1918) addressing that is not Internet-routable, so the firewall must
translate the DMZ address of the guest clients to an outside public address.
Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Network Objects/Groups.
Step 2: Click Add > Network Object.
Step 3: In the Add Network Object dialog box, in the Name box, enter a description for the guest network.
(Example: dmz-guests-network-ISPa)
Step 4: In the Type list, choose Network.
Step 5: In the IP Address box, enter the guest DMZ network address. (Example: 192.168.28.0)
Step 6: Enter the guest DMZ netmask. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 7: Click the two down arrows. The NAT pane expands.
Step 8: Select Add Automatic Address Translation Rules.
Step 9: In the Type list, choose Dynamic PAT (Hide).
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Step 10: In the Translated Addr list, choose the interface name for the primary Internet connection. (Example:
outside-16)
Step 11: Click Advanced.
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Step 12: In the Destination Interface list, choose the interface name for the primary Internet connection, and
then click OK. (Example: outside-16)
Step 13: In the Add Network Object dialog box, click OK.
Procedure 4
Create network objects
Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Network Objects/Groups.
First, add a network object for the every internal WLC in your organization.
Step 2: Click Add > Network Object.
Step 3: On the Add Network Object dialog box, in the Name box, enter a description of the WLC. (Examples:
internal-wlc-5508, internal-wlc-flex-7500)
Step 4: In the Type list, choose Host.
Step 5: In the IP Address box, enter the WLC’s management interface IP address, and then click OK. (Example:
10.4.46.64, 10.4.46.68)
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Step 6: Repeat Step 2 through Step 5 for every WLC inside your organization.
Next, to simplify security policy configuration, you create a network object group that contains every WLC inside
your organization.
Step 7: Click Add > Network Object Group.
Step 8: In the Add Network Object Group dialog box, in the Group Name box, enter a name for the group.
(Example: internal-wlc-group)
Step 9: In the Existing Network Objects/Groups pane, select every internal WLC, click Add, and then click OK.
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Next, you create a network object group that contains the private DMZ address of every WLC in the DMZ.
(Example: 192.168.19.54)
Step 10: Click Add > Network Object Group.
Step 11: In the Add Network Object Group dialog box, in the Group Name box, enter a name for the group.
(Example: dmz-wlc-group)
Step 12: In the Existing Network Objects/Groups pane, choose the primary WLC, and then click Add. (Example:
192.168.19.54). If you are using the 5508 as the anchor controller, only the IP address of the primary WLC needs
to be configured because this WLC model supports AP-SSO and the redundant pair uses a single IP address.
Step 13: If using a 2504 as a guest anchor controller, both the primary and resilient WLC IP addresses are
necessary because this WLC does not support AP-SSO. In the Existing Network Objects/Groups pane, choose
the resilient WLC, click Add, and then click OK. (Example: 192.168.19.56 ). You will also add the IP address of the
secondary WLC’s (Example: 192.168.19.57)
When in standby mode and using AP-SSO, the resilient Wireless LAN Controller uses the redundancy port to
communicate with the NTP server. Since either of the WLCs in AP-SSO mode could be in standby, we need to
create a network object that is used to identify each of the redundancy ports.
Step 14: Create a Network Object for each of the WLCs in the DMZ (Example: 192.168.19.54) by clicking Add >
Network Object.
Step 15: In the Add Network Object dialog box, in the Name box, enter a description of the WLC. (Example:
dmz-wlc-primary-5508-RP)
Step 16: In the Type list, choose Host.
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Step 17: In the IP Address box, enter the primary WLC’s redundancy-port interface IP address, and then click
OK. (Example: 192.168.19.154)
Step 18: Repeat the steps in Procedure 4for the resilient controller’s redundancy port. (Example 192.168.19.155)
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Step 19: Create a Network Object Group to group the two redundancy ports on the WLCs.
Step 20: In the Add Network Object Group dialog box, click OK.
Procedure 5
Configure WLC security policy
Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules.
Step 2: Click the rule that denies traffic from the DMZ toward other networks.
Next, you insert a new rule above the rule you selected that enables the WLCs in the DMZ to communicate with
the AAA server in the data center for management and user authentication.
Step 3: Click Add > Insert.
Step 4: In the Insert Access Rule dialog box, in the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 5: To the right of Action, select Permit.
Step 6: In the Source list, choose the network object group created in Step 8, “Create network objects.”
(Example: wlc-group)
Step 7: In the Destination list, choose the network object for the Cisco Secure ACS server with AAA services.
(Example: internal-aaa)
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Step 8: In the Service list, enter tcp/tacacs, udp/1812, udp/1813, and then click OK.
Next, you must allow the WLCs in the DMZ to synchronize their time with the NTP server in the data center.
Step 9: Click Add > Insert.
Step 10: In the Internet Access Rule dialog box, in the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 11: To the right of Action, select Permit.
Step 12: In the Source list, choose the network object group created in Step 11 of Step 13, “Create network
objects.” (Example: dmz-wlc-group)
Step 13: In the Destination list, choose the network object for the NTP server. (Example: internal-ntp)
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Step 14: In the Service list, enter udp/ntp, and then click OK.
Next, you allow the WLCs in the DMZ to be able to download new software via FTP.
Step 15: Click Add > Insert.
Step 16: In the Internet Access Rule dialog box, in the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 17: To the right of Action, select Permit.
Step 18: In the Source list, choose the network object group created in Step 11 of Step 13, “Create network
objects.” (Example: dmz-wlc-group)
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Step 19: In the Service list, enter tcp/ftp, tcp/ftp-data, and then click OK.
Next, you enable the DMZ guest WLC to communicate with the WLCs inside the organization.
Step 20: Click Add > Insert.
Step 21: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 22: In the Source list, choose the network object group created in Step 11 of Step 13, “Create network
objects.” (Example: dmz-wlc-group)
Step 23: In the Destination list, choose the network object group created in Step 8 of Step 13, “Create network
objects.” (Example: internal-wlc-group)
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Step 24: In the Service list, enter udp/16666, udp/5246, udp/5247, 97, and then click OK.
Next, you enable the guest WLC to communicate with the DHCP server inside your organization.
Step 25: Click Add > Insert.
Step 26: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 27: In the Source list, choose the network object group created in Step 11 of Step 13, “Create network
objects.” (Example: dmz-wlc-group)
Step 28: In the Destination list, choose the network object group for the internal DHCP server. (Example:
internal-dhcp)
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Step 29: In the Service list, enter udp/bootps, click OK, and then click Apply.
Finally, enable the guest WLC configured for AP-SSO (5500 series) in order to communicate with the internal
NTP server using its redundancy port.
Step 30: Click Add > Insert.
Step 31: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 32: In the Source list, choose network group that was created for the WLC RP ports (Example:
dmz-wlc-RP-group)
Step 33: In the Destination list, choose the network object group for the internal NTP server. (Example:
internal-ntp)
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Step 34: In the Service list, enter udp/ntp, click OK, and then click Apply.
Procedure 6
Configure guest network security policy
Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules.
Step 2: Click the rule that denies traffic from the DMZ toward other networks.
First, you configure an access rule in the firewall in order to enable the guest wireless users to communicate with
the internal DNS and DHCP servers in the data center.
Step 3: Click Add > Insert.
Step 4: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 5: In the Source list, select the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
Step 6: In the Destination list, choose the network object for the DNS server. (Example: internal-dns)
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Step 7: In the Service list, enter udp/domain, tcp/domain, and then click OK.
Step 8: Click Add > Insert.
Step 9: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 10: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
Step 11: In the Destination list, choose the network object for the DHCP server. (Example: internal-dhcp)
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Step 12: In the Service list, enter udp/bootps, and then click OK.
Next, you enable the guests to communicate with the web servers in the DMZ.
Step 13: Click Add > Insert.
Step 14: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 15: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
Step 16: In the Destination list, choose the network object automatically created for the web DMZ. (Example:
dmz-web-network/24)
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Step 17: In the Service list, enter tcp/http, tcp/https, and then click OK.
Next, you remove the guests’ ability communicate with other internal and DMZ devices.
Step 18: Click Add > Insert.
Step 19: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 20: To the right of Action, select Deny.
Step 21: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ. (Example:
dmz-guests-network/22)
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Step 22: In the Destination list, choose the network objects for the internal and DMZ networks, and then click
OK. (Example: internal-network, dmz-networks)
Next, you enable the guests to communicate with the Internet.
Step 23: Click Add > Insert.
Step 24: In the Interface list, choose Any.
Step 25: In the Source list, choose the network object automatically created for the guest DMZ, click OK, and
then click Apply. (Example: dmz-guests-network/22)
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Procedure 7
Configure the DMZ WLC
Configure the DMZ wireless LAN controller by using the following values.
Table 9 - Cisco DMZ wireless controller parameters checklist
CVD values
primary controller
CVD values
resilient controller not
using AP SSO
Switch interface number
1/0/13, 2/0/13
1/0/14, 2/0/14
VLAN number
1119
1119
Time zone
PST -8 0
PST -8 0
IP address
192.168.19.54/24
192.168.19.55/241
Default gateway
192.168.19.1
192.168.19.1
Redundant management
IP address (AP SSO)
192.168.19.154
192.168.19.155
Redundancy port
connectivity (AP SSO)
Dedicated Ethernet
cable
Dedicated Ethernet cable
Hostname
DMZ-WLC-Guest-1
DMZ-WLC-Guest-22
Local administrator username and
password
admin/C1sco123
admin/C1sco123
Mobility group name
GUEST
GUEST
RADIUS server IP
address
10.4.48.15
10.4.48.15
RADIUS shared key
SecretKey
SecretKey
Management network
(optional)
10.4.48.0/24
10.4.48.0/24
TACACS server IP
address (optional)
10.4.48.15
10.4.48.15
TACACS shared key
(optional)
SecretKey
SecretKey
Parameter
Site-specific values
Controller parameters
Wireless data network parameters
SSID
Wireless-Guest
Wireless-Guest
VLAN number
1128
1128
Default gateway
192.168.28.1
192.168.28.1
Controller interface IP
address
192.168.28.5
192.168.28.61
Notes:
1. If you’re using AP SSO high availability, the IP address of the resilient WLC not required, as the
secondary controller’s management interface is offline until the primary fails. During this time, the IP
address of the RP (Example: 192.168.19.155) is used for outbound communication to the NTP server and
to monitor the status of its default gateway.
2. If using AP SSO, the resilient standby controller does not have a unique hostname, as it inherits the
continuation of its paired primary WLC.
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After the WLC is physically installed and powered up, you will see the following on the console:
Welcome to the Cisco Wizard Configuration Tool
Use the ‘-‘ character to backup
Step 1: Terminate the autoinstall process.
Would you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: YES
Step 2: Enter a system name. (Example: GUEST-1)
System Name [Cisco_7e:8e:43] (31 characters max): DMZ-WLC-Guest
Step 3: Enter an administrator username and password.
Tech Tip
Use at least three of the following four classes in the password: lowercase letters,
uppercase letters, digits, or special characters.
Enter Administrative User Name (24 characters max): admin
Enter Administrative Password (24 characters max): *****
Re-enter Administrative Password : *****
Step 4: Use DHCP for the service port interface address.
Service Interface IP address Configuration [none] [DHCP]: DHCP
Step 5: Enable the management interface. If you are deploying a Cisco 5500 or 2500 Series Wireless LAN
Controller, configure at least two interfaces as an EtherChannel trunk.
Enable Link Aggregation (LAG) [yes][NO]: YES
Management Interface IP Address: 192.168.19.54
Management Interface Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Management interface Default Router: 192.168.19.1
Management Interface VLAN Identifier (0 = untagged): 1119
Step 6: Enter the default DHCP server for clients. (Example: 10.4.48.10)
Management Interface DHCP Server IP Address: 10.4.48.10
Step 7: If you are deploying a Cisco 5500 Series Wireless LAN Controller and you want to enable AP SSO,
enable high availability.
Enable HA [yes][NO]: YES
Configure HA Unit [Primary][secondary]: < Primary or Secondary>
Redundancy Management IP Address: 192.168.19.154
Peer Redundancy Management IP Address: 192.168.19.155
Step 8: The virtual interface is used by the WLC for mobility DHCP relay and intercontroller communication. Enter
an IP address that is not used in your organization’s network. (Example: 192.0.2.1)
Virtual Gateway IP Address: 192.0.2.1
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Step 9: If configuring a Cisco 2500 Series WLC, enter the multicast IP address for communication of multicast
traffic by using the multicast-multicast method. This WLC does not support multicast using the multicast-unicast
method.
Multicast IP Address: 239.40.40.40
Step 10: Enter a name for the default mobility and RF group. (Example: GUEST)
Mobility/RF Group Name: GUEST
Step 11: Enter an SSID for the WLAN that supports data traffic. You will be able to leverage this later in the
deployment process.
Network Name (SSID): Guest
Configure DHCP Bridging Mode [yes][NO]: NO
Step 12: Enable DHCP snooping.
Allow Static IP Addresses [YES][no]: NO
Step 13: Do not configure the RADIUS server now. You will configure the RADIUS server later by using the GUI.
Configure a RADIUS Server now? [YES][no]: NO
Step 14: Enter the correct country code for the country where you are deploying the WLC.
Enter Country Code list (enter ‘help’ for a list of countries) [US]: US
Step 15: Enable all wireless networks.
Enable 802.11b network [YES][no]: YES
Enable 802.11a network [YES][no]: YES
Enable 802.11g network [YES][no]: YES
Step 16: Enable the RRM auto-RF feature. This helps you keep your network up and operational.
Enable Auto-RF [YES][no]: YES
Step 17: Synchronize the WLC clock to your organization’s NTP server.
Configure a NTP server now? [YES][no]:YES
Enter the NTP server’s IP address: 10.4.48.17
Enter a polling interval between 3600 and 604800 secs: 86400
Step 18: Save the configuration. If you enter NO, the system restarts without saving the configuration, and you
have to complete this procedure again.
Configuration correct? If yes, system will save it and reset. [yes][NO]: YES
Configuration saved!
Resetting system with new configuration
Step 19: After the WLC has reset, log in to the Cisco Wireless LAN Controller Administration page by using the
credentials defined in Step 3. (Example: https://dmz-wlc-guest.cisco.local/)
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Procedure 8
Configure the time zone
Step 1: Navigate to Commands > Set Time.
Step 2: In the Location list, choose the time zone that corresponds to the location of the WLC.
Step 3: Click Set Timezone.
Procedure 9
Configure SNMP
Step 1: In Management > SNMP > Communities, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Community Name. (Example: cisco)
Step 3: Enter the IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.0)
Step 4: Enter the IP Mask. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 5: In the Status list, choose Enable, and then click Apply.
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Step 6: In Management > SNMP > Communities, click New.
Step 7: Enter the Community Name. (Example: cisco123)
Step 8: Enter the IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.0)
Step 9: Enter the IP Mask. (Example: 255.255.255.0)
Step 10: In the Access Mode list, choose Read/Write.
Step 11: In the Status list, choose Enable, and then click Apply.
Step 12: Navigate to Management > SNMP > Communities.
Point to the blue box for the public community, and then click Remove.
Step 13: On the “Are you sure you want to delete?” message, click OK.
Step 14: Repeat Step 12 and Step 13 for the private community.
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Procedure 10
Limit which networks can manage the WLC
(Optional)
In networks where network operational support is centralized, you can increase network security by using an
access control list in order to limit the networks that can access your controller. In this example, only devices on
the 10.4.48.0/24 network are able to access the device via SSH or SNMP.
Step 1: In Security > Access Control Lists > Access Control Lists, click New.
Step 2: Enter an access control list name, and then click Apply.
Step 3: In the list, choose the name of the access control list you just created, and then click Add New Rule.
Step 4: In the window, enter the following configuration details, and then click Apply.
• Sequence—1
• Source—10.4.48.0 / 255.255.255.0
• Destination—Any
• Protocol—TCP
• Destination Port—HTTPS
• Action—Permit
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Step 5: Repeat Step 3 through Step 4, using the configuration details in the following table.
Table 10 - Rule configuration values
Sequence
Source
Destination
Protocol
Destination
port
Action
2
10.4.48.0/
255.255.255.0
Any
TCP
Other/22
Permit
3
Any
Any
TCP
HTTPS
Deny
4
Any
Any
TCP
Other/22
Deny
5
Any
Any
Any
Any
Permit
Step 6: In Security > Access Control Lists > CPU Access Control Lists, select Enable CPU ACL.
Step 7: In the ACL Name list, choose the ACL you just created, and then click Apply.
Procedure 11
Configure management authentication
(Optional)
You can use this procedure to deploy centralized management authentication by configuring an authentication,
authorization and accounting (AAA) service. If you prefer to use local management authentication, skip to
Procedure 12.
As networks scale in the number of devices to maintain, the operational burden to maintain local management
accounts on every device also scales. A centralized AAA service reduces operational tasks per device and
provides an audit log of user access, for security compliance and root-cause analysis. When AAA is enabled for
access control, it controls all management access to the network infrastructure devices (SSH and HTTPS).
Step 1: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Authentication, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
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Step 3: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 4: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Accounting, click New.
Step 5: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
Step 6: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 7: In Security > AAA > TACACS+ > Authorization, click New.
Step 8: Enter the Server IP Address. (Example: 10.4.48.15)
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Step 9: Enter and confirm the Shared Secret, and then click Apply. (Example: SecretKey)
Step 10: Navigate to Security > Priority Order > Management User.
Step 11: Using the arrow buttons, move TACACS+ from the Not Used list to the Used for Authentication list.
Step 12: Using the Up and Down buttons, move TACACS+ to be the first in the Order Used for Authentication
list.
Step 13: Use the arrow buttons to move RADIUS to the Not Used list, and then click Apply.
Tech Tip
If using Cisco Secure ACS in order to authenticate TACACS management access to
the WLC, you must add the WLC as an authorized network access device. Failure to do
so will prevent administrative access to the WLC by using the Secure ACS server.
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Procedure 12
Create the guest wireless LAN interface
The guest wireless interface is connected to the DMZ of the Cisco ASA 5540 security appliance. This allows
guest wireless traffic only to and from the Internet. All guest traffic, regardless of the controller to which the
guest initially connects, is tunneled to the guest WLC and leaves the controller on this interface.
To easily identify the guest wireless devices on the network, use an IP address range for these clients that is not
part of your organization’s regular network. This procedure adds an interface that allows devices on the guest
wireless network to communicate with the Internet.
Step 1: In Controller>Interfaces, click New.
Step 2: Enter the Interface Name. (Example: Wireless-Guest)
Step 3: Enter the VLAN Id, and then click Apply. (Example: 1128)
Step 4: In the IP Address box, enter the IP address to assign to the WLC interface. (Example: 192.168.28.5)
Step 5: Enter the Netmask. (Example: 255.255.252.0)
Step 6: In the Gateway box, enter the IP address of the firewall’s DMZ interface defined in Procedure 2.
(Example: 192.168.28.1)
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Step 7: In the Primary DHCP Server, enter the IP address of your organization’s DHCP server, and then click
Apply. (Example: 10.4.48.10)
Tech Tip
To prevent DHCP from assigning addresses to wireless clients that conflict with the
WLC’s addresses, exclude the addresses you assign to the WLC interfaces from DHCP
scopes.
Procedure 13
Configure the guest wireless LAN
Step 1: Navigate to WLANs.
Step 2: Hover over the blue list next to your guest WLAN, and then click Mobility Anchors.
Step 3: In the Switch IP Address (Anchor) list, choose (local).
Step 4: Click Mobility Anchor Create, and then click OK.
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Step 5: Click Back.
Step 6: Click the WLAN ID of the SSID created in Procedure 7. (Example: Guest)
Step 7: On the General tab, in the Interface/Interface Group(G) list, choose the interface created in Procedure
12. (Example: wireless-guest)
Step 8: Click the Security tab, and then on the Layer 2 tab, in the Layer 2 Security list, choose None.
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Step 9: On the Layer 3 tab, select Web Policy, and then click OK.
Step 10: On the QoS tab, in the Quality of Service (QoS) list, choose Bronze (background), click Apply, and
then click OK.
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Procedure 14
Configure mobility groups
If you are not using AP-SSO, then you need to add each of the WLCs to the mobility group.
Step 1: On the guest controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups.
Step 2: On the Static Mobility Group Member page, note the MAC address, IP address, and mobility group name
for the local controller. You need this information for the following steps.
Step 3: On every controller in your organization that is not a resilient WLC and is providing DMZ guest access
services, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then click New.
Step 4: In the Member IP Address box, enter the IP address of the guest controller. (Example: 192.168.19.54
and/or 192.168.19.55 if not using AP-SSO)
Step 5: In the Member MAC Address box, enter the MAC address of the guest controller.
Step 6: In the Group Name box, enter the mobility group name configured on the guest controller, and then click
Apply. (Example: GUEST)
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Step 7: On the guest controller, navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then
click New.
Step 8: In the Member IP Address box, enter the IP address of a campus or remote-site controller. (Example:
10.4.46.64)
Step 9: In the Member MAC Address box, enter the MAC address of the campus or remote-site controller.
Step 10: In the Group Name box, enter the mobility group name configured on the campus or remote-site
controller, and then click Apply. (Example: CAMPUS)
Step 11: On each controller, click Save Configuration, and then click OK.
Step 12: Repeat Step 7 through Step 11 on every controller in your organization.
Step 13: Navigate to Controller > Mobility Management > Mobility Groups, and then verify that connectivity is
up between all the controllers by examining the mobility group information. In the Status column, all controllers
should be listed as Up.
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Procedure 15
Create the lobby admin user account
Typically, the lobby administrator is the first person to interact with your corporate guests. The lobby administrator
can create individual guest user accounts and passwords that last from one to several days, depending upon the
length of stay for each guest.
You have two options to configure the lobby admin user account.
If you have not deployed Cisco Secure ACS and TACACS+ for management access control to the controller,
perform the steps in Option 1.
If you have deployed Cisco Secure ACS and TACACS+ for management access control to the controller, perform
the steps in Option 2.
Option 1: Local lobby admin user account
Step 1: In Management > Local Management Users, click New.
Step 2: Enter the username. (Example: Guest-Admin)
Step 3: Enter and confirm the password. (Example: C1sco123)
Step 4: In the User Access Mode list, choose LobbyAdmin, and then click Apply.
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Option 2: Centralized lobby admin user account
Create groups in the Cisco Secure ACS internal identity store for network device administrators and helpdesk
users. Users in the network device administrator group have enable-level EXEC access to the network devices
when they log in, while helpdesk users must type in the enable password on the device in order to get enablelevel access.
Step 1: Within Microsoft Active Directory, it is assumed that a lobby ambassador group (Example: Lobby Admins)
has been created. Within this group is each of the lobby ambassadors employees within the organization.
(Example: Linda Lobby)
Step 2: In Cisco Secure ACS, navigate to Users and Identity Stores > External Identity Stores > Active
Directory.
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Step 3: Click the Directory Groups tab, and in the Group Name box, enter the lobby admin group (Example:
cisco.local/Users/Lobby Admins), and then click Add.
The lobby admin group appears in the Selected Directory Groups list.
Next, the Active Directory group that was just added to Cisco Secure ACS needs to be mapped to a Secure ACS
policy.
Step 4: In Cisco Secure ACS, navigate to Access Policies > Access Services > Default Device Admin > Group
Mapping, and then at the bottom of the screen, click Create.
Step 5: Under Conditions, select Compound Condition, in the Dictionary list, choose AD-AD1, and then in the
Attribute box, click Select. This selects External Groups.
Step 6: Under the Value box, click Select.
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Step 7: In the String Enum Definition dialog box, select the lobby admin Active Directory group (Example: cisco.
local/Users/Lobby Admins), and then click OK.
Step 8: Under Current Condition Set, click Add. The new condition appears in the Current Condition Set box.
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Step 9: Under Results, click Select, select the Cisco Secure ACS identity group that will mapped to the Active
Directory group specified in the Current Condition Set, and then click OK.
You must create a shell profile for the WLCs that contains a custom attribute that assigns the user lobby admin
rights when the user logs in to the WLC.
Step 10: In Policy Elements > Authorization and Permissions > Device Administration > Shell Profiles, click
Create.
Step 11: Under the General tab, in the Name box, enter a name for the wireless shell profile. (Example: Lobby
Admins)
Step 12: On the Custom Attributes tab, in the Attribute box, enter role1.
Step 13: In the Requirement list, choose Mandatory.
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Step 14: In the Value box, enter LOBBY, and then click Add.
Step 15: Click Submit.
Next, you create a WLC authorization rule.
Step 16: In Access Policies > Default Device Admin > Authorization, click Create.
Step 17: In the Name box, enter a name for the WLC authorization rule. (Example: Lobby Admin)
Step 18: Under Conditions, select Identity Group, and then in the box, enter All Groups:Lobby Admins.
Step 19: Select NDG:Device Type, and then in the box, enter All Device Types:WLC.
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Step 20: In the Shell Profile box, enter Lobby Admins, and then click OK.
Step 21: Click Save Changes.
Procedure 16
Configure the internal WLCs for a guest
When a client connects to the guest SSID, the client must be anchored to the controller in the DMZ. The guest
clients’ traffic is tunneled from the controller to which the access point is connected to the guest controller,
where the access point is given an IP address for the DMZ. The clients’ traffic is then redirected to the web
authentication page located on the guest controller. The client will not be authorized to connect with any IP
protocol until it presents credentials to this authentication page.
Step 1: On the WLANs page, in the list, choose Create New, and then click Go.
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Step 2: Enter the Profile Name. (Example: Guest)
Step 3: In the SSID box, enter the guest WLAN name, and then click Apply. (Example: Guest)
Step 4: Click the Security tab, and then on the Layer 2 tab, in the Layer 2 Security list, choose None.
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Step 5: On the Layer 3 tab, select Web Policy.
Step 6: On the QoS tab, in the Quality of Service (QoS) list, choose Bronze (background), and then click Apply.
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Step 7: On the General tab, to the right of Status, select Enabled, and then click Apply.
Step 8: Click Back.
Step 9: Hover over the blue list next to your guest WLAN, and then click Mobility Anchors.
Step 10: In the Switch IP Address (Anchor) list, choose the IP address of the guest controller. (Example:
192.168.19.54)
Step 11: Click Mobility Anchor Create, and then click OK.
Step 12: Repeat Step 1through Step 10 for every internal controller in your organization.
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Procedure 17
Create guest accounts
Now you can use the lobby administrator account to create usernames and passwords for partners, customers,
and anyone else who is not normally granted access to your network.
Step 1: Using a web browser, open the DMZ wireless LAN controller’s web interface (for example, https://
guest-1.cisco.local/), and then log in using your LobbyAdmin account with the username and password created in
Active Directory. (Example: LindaLobby/c1sco123)
Step 2: From the Lobby Ambassador Guest Management page, click New.
Step 3: Create a new username and password, or allow the system to create a password automatically by
selecting Generate Password.
Step 4: Click Apply. The new user name and password are created.
With a wireless client, you can now test connectivity to the guest WLAN. Without any security enabled, you
should receive an IP address, and after opening a web browser, you should be redirected to a web page to enter
a username and password for Internet access, which will be available to a guest user for 24 hours.
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Appendix A: Product List
Wireless LAN Controllers
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Remote Site Controller
Cisco 7500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 6000 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT7510-6K-K9
7.4.100.0
Cisco 7500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 3000 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT7510-3K-K9
Cisco 7500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 2000 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT7510-2K-K9
Cisco Flex 7500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 1000 access
points
AIR-CT7510-1K-K9
Cisco 7500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 500 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT7510-500-K9
Cisco 7500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 300 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT7510-300-K9
Cisco 7500 Series High Availability Wireless Controller
AIR-CT7510-HA-K9
Cisco Virtual Wireless Controller for up to 5 Cisco access points
L-AIR-CTVM-5-K9
Cisco Virutal Wireless Controller 25 Access Point Adder License
L-LIC-CTVM-25A
Cisco Virtual Wireless Controller 5 Access Point Adder License
L-LIC-CTVM-5A
Cisco Virtual Wireless Controller 1 Access Point Adder License
L-LIC-CTVM-1A
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 500 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT5508-500-K9
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 250 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT5508-250-K9
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 100 Cisco access
points
AIR-CT5508-100-K9
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 50 Cisco access points
AIR-CT5508-50-K9
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 25 Cisco access points
AIR-CT5508-25-K9
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 12 Cisco access points
AIR-CT5508-12-K9
Cisco 5500 Series Wireless Controller for High Availability
AIR-CT5508-HA-K9
Cisco 2500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 50 Cisco access points
AIR-CT2504-50-K9
Cisco 2500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 25 Cisco access points
AIR-CT2504-25-K9
Cisco 2500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 15 Cisco access points
AIR-CT2504-15-K9
Cisco 2500 Series Wireless Controller for up to 5 Cisco access points
AIR-CT2504-5-K9
On Site, Remote Site, or
Guest Controller
On Site Controller,
Guest Controller
Appendix A: Product List
7.4.100.0
7.4.100.0
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Wireless LAN Access Points
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Wireless Access Points
Cisco 3600 Series Access Point Dual Band 802.11a/g/n and CleanAir
with Internal Antennas
AIR-CAP3602I-x-K9
7.4.100.0
Cisco 3600 Series Access Point Dual Band 802.11a/g/n and CleanAir
with External Antennas
AIR-CAP3602E-x-K9
Cisco 2600 Series Access Point Dual Band 802.11a/g/n and CleanAir
with Internal Antennas
AIR-CAP2602I-x-K9
Cisco 2600 Series Access Point Dual Band 802.11a/g/n and CleanAir
with External Antennas
AIR-CAP2602E-x-K9
Cisco 1600 Series Access Point Dual-band controller-based
802.11a/g/n with Internal Antennas
AIR-CAP1602I-x-K9
Cisco 1600 Series Access Point Dual-band controller-based
802.11a/g/n with External Antennas
AIR-CAP1602E-x-K9
Access Control
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Authentication Services
ACS 5.3 VMware Software and Base License
CSACS-5.3-VM-K9
5.3
Data Center Core
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Core Switch
Cisco Nexus 5596 up to 96-port 10GbE, FCoE, and Fibre Channel
SFP+
N5K-C5596UP-FA
NX-OS 5.2(1)N1(3)
Layer 3 License
Cisco Nexus 5596 Layer 3 Switching Module
N55-M160L30V2
Cisco Nexus 5548 up to 48-port 10GbE, FCoE, and Fibre Channel
SFP+
N5K-C5548UP-FA
Cisco Nexus 5548 Layer 3 Switching Module
N55-D160L3
Cisco Nexus 5500 Layer 3 Enterprise Software License
N55-LAN1K9
Cisco Nexus 5500 Storage Protocols Services License, 8 ports
N55-8P-SSK9
Cisco Nexus 2000 Series 48 Ethernet 100/1000BASE-T (enhanced)
Fabric Extender
N2K-C2248TP-E
Cisco Nexus 2000 Series 48 Ethernet 100/1000BASE-T Fabric
Extender
N2K-C2248TP-1GE
Cisco Nexus 2000 Series 32 1/10 GbE SFP+, FCoE capable Fabric
Extender
N2K-C2232PP-10GE
Ethernet Extension
Appendix A: Product List
—
August 2013
177
LAN Access Layer
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Modular Access Layer
Switch
Cisco Catalyst 4507R+E 7-slot Chassis with 48Gbps per slot
WS-C4507R+E
Cisco Catalyst 4500 E-Series Supervisor Engine 7L-E
WS-X45-SUP7L-E
3.4.0.SG(15.1-2SG)
IP Base license
Cisco Catalyst 4500 E-Series 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 (RJ45) PoE+
ports
WS-X4648-RJ45V+E
Cisco Catalyst 4500 E-Series 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 (RJ45)
PoE+,UPoE ports
WS-X4748-UPOE+E
Cisco Catalyst 3850 Series Stackable 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+
ports
WS-C3850-48F
Cisco Catalyst 3850 Series Stackable 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+
Ports
WS-C3850-24P
Cisco Catalyst 3850 Series 2 x 10GE Network Module
C3850-NM-2-10G
Cisco Catalyst 3850 Series 4 x 1GE Network Module
C3850-NM-4-1G
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Stackable 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+
ports
WS-C3750X-48PF-S
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Stackable 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+
ports
WS-C3750X-24P-S
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Two 10GbE SFP+ and Two GbE SFP ports
network module
C3KX-NM-10G
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Four GbE SFP ports network module
C3KX-NM-1G
Cisco Catalyst 3560-X Series Standalone 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000
PoE+ ports
WS-C3560X-48PF-S
Cisco Catalyst 3560-X Series Standalone 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000
PoE+ ports
WS-C3560X-24P-S
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Two 10GbE SFP+ and Two GbE SFP ports
network module
C3KX-NM-10G
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Four GbE SFP ports network module
C3KX-NM-1G
Cisco Catalyst 2960-S Series 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+ ports and
Two 10GbE SFP+ Uplink ports
WS-C2960S-48FPD-L
Cisco Catalyst 2960-S Series 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+ ports and
Four GbE SFP Uplink ports
WS-C2960S-48FPS-L
Cisco Catalyst 2960-S Series 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+ ports and
Two 10GbE SFP+ Uplink ports
WS-C2960S-24PD-L
Cisco Catalyst 2960-S Series 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 PoE+ ports and
Four GbE SFP Uplink ports
WS-C2960S-24PS-L
Cisco Catalyst 2960-S Series Flexstack Stack Module
C2960S-STACK
Stackable Access Layer
Switch
Standalone Access
Layer Switch
Stackable Access Layer
Switch
Appendix A: Product List
3.2.1SE(15.0-1EX1)
IP Base license
15.0(2)SE2
IP Base license
15.0(2)SE2
IP Base license
15.0(2)SE2
LAN Base license
August 2013
178
LAN Distribution Layer
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Modular Distribution
Layer Virtual Switch Pair
Cisco Catalyst 6500 E-Series 6-Slot Chassis
WS-C6506-E
Cisco Catalyst 6500 VSS Supervisor 2T with 2 ports 10GbE and PFC4
VS-S2T-10G
15.1(1)SY
IP Services license
Cisco Catalyst 6500 4-port 40GbE/16-port 10GbE Fiber Module w/
DFC4
WS-X6904-40G-2T
Cisco Catalyst 6500 4-port 10GbE SFP+ adapter for WX-X6904-40G
module
CVR-CFP-4SFP10G
Cisco Catalyst 6500 24-port GbE SFP Fiber Module w/DFC4
WS-X6824-SFP-2T
Cisco Catalyst 4507R+E 7-slot Chassis with 48Gbps per slot
WS-C4507R+E
Cisco Catalyst 4500 E-Series Supervisor Engine 7-E, 848Gbps
WS-X45-SUP7-E
Cisco Catalyst 4500 E-Series 24-port GbE SFP Fiber Module
WS-X4624-SFP-E
Cisco Catalyst 4500 E-Series 12-port 10GbE SFP+ Fiber Module
WS-X4712-SFP+E
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Stackable 12 GbE SFP ports
WS-C3750X-12S-E
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Two 10GbE SFP+ and Two GbE SFP ports
network module
C3KX-NM-10G
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Four GbE SFP ports network module
C3KX-NM-1G
Modular Distribution
Layer Switch
Stackable Distribution
Layer Switch
3.4.0.SG(15.1-2SG)
Enterprise Services
license
15.0(2)SE2
IP Services license
LAN Core Layer
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Modular Core Layer
Switch
Cisco Catalyst 6500 E-Series 6-Slot Chassis
WS-C6506-E
Cisco Catalyst 6500 VSS Supervisor 2T with 2 ports 10GbE and PFC4
VS-S2T-10G
15.1(1)SY
IP services license
Cisco Catalyst 6500 4-port 40GbE/16-port 10GbE Fiber Module w/
DFC4
WS-X6904-40G-2T
Cisco Catalyst 6500 4-port 10GbE SFP+ adapter for WX-X6904-40G
module
CVR-CFP-4SFP10G
Cisco Catalyst 6500 24-port GbE SFP Fiber Module w/DFC4
WS-X6824-SFP-2T
Appendix A: Product List
August 2013
179
WAN Remote Site
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Modular WAN Remotesite Router
Cisco 3945 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM3-64, UC and SEC License PAK
C3945-VSEC/K9
Cisco 3925 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM3-64, UC and SEC License PAK
C3925-VSEC/K9
Data Paper PAK for Cisco 3900 series
SL-39-DATA-K9
15.2(4)M3
securityk9 license
datak9 license
Cisco 2951 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM3-32, UC and SEC License PAK
C2951-VSEC/K9
Cisco 2921 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM3-32, UC and SEC License PAK
C2921-VSEC/K9
Cisco 2911 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM3-32, UC and SEC License PAK
C2911-VSEC/K9
Data Paper PAK for Cisco 2900 series
SL-29-DATA-K9
1941 WAAS Express only Bundle
C1941-WAASX-SEC/
K9
Data Paper PAK for Cisco 1900 series
SL-19-DATA-K9
Cisco 881 SRST Ethernet Security Router with FXS FXO 802.11n FCC
Compliant
C881SRST-K9
15.2(4)M3
securityk9 license
datak9 license
Fixed WAN Remote-site
Router
Internet Edge
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
Firewall
Cisco ASA 5545-X IPS Edition - security appliance
ASA5545-IPS-K9
Cisco ASA 5525-X IPS Edition - security appliance
ASA5525-IPS-K9
ASA 9.0(1)
IPS 7.1(7) E4
Cisco ASA 5515-X IPS Edition - security appliance
ASA5515-IPS-K9
Cisco ASA 5512-X IPS Edition - security appliance
ASA5512-IPS-K9
Cisco ASA5512-X Security Plus license
ASA5512-SEC-PL
Firewall Management
ASDM
7.0(2)
Internet Edge LAN
Functional Area
Product Description
Part Numbers
Software
DMZ Switch
Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Stackable 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000
ports
WS-C3750X-24T-S
15.0(2)SE2
IP Base license
Appendix A: Product List
August 2013
180
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Cisco has more than 200 offices worldwide. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the Cisco Website at www.cisco.com/go/offices.
ALL DESIGNS, SPECIFICATIONS, STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS (COLLECTIVELY, “DESIGNS”) IN THIS MANUAL ARE PRESENTED “AS IS,”
WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND ITS SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR
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DO NOT CONSTITUTE THE TECHNICAL OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE OF CISCO, ITS SUPPLIERS OR PARTNERS. USERS SHOULD CONSULT THEIR OWN TECHNICAL
ADVISORS BEFORE IMPLEMENTING THE DESIGNS. RESULTS MAY VARY DEPENDING ON FACTORS NOT TESTED BY CISCO.
Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses. Any examples, command display output, and figures included in the
document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.
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Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this
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B-0000355-1 08/13
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