Server Room Deployment Guide - Feb 2013

Server Room Deployment Guide - Feb 2013

Server Room Deployment Guide

February 2013 Series

Preface

Who Should Read This Guide

This Cisco® Smart Business Architecture (SBA) guide is for people who fill a variety of roles:

• Systems engineers who need standard procedures for implementing solutions

• Project managers who create statements of work for Cisco SBA implementations

• Sales partners who sell new technology or who create implementation documentation

• Trainers who need material for classroom instruction or on-the-job training

In general, you can also use Cisco SBA guides to improve consistency among engineers and deployments, as well as to improve scoping and costing of deployment jobs.

Release Series

Cisco strives to update and enhance SBA guides on a regular basis. As we develop a series of SBA guides, we test them together, as a complete system. To ensure the mutual compatibility of designs in Cisco SBA guides, you should use guides that belong to the same series.

The Release Notes for a series provides a summary of additions and changes made in the series.

All Cisco SBA guides include the series name on the cover and at the bottom left of each page. We name the series for the month and year that we release them, as follows:

month year

Series

For example, the series of guides that we released in February 2013 is the “February Series”.

You can find the most recent series of SBA guides at the following sites:

Customer access: http://www.cisco.com/go/sba

Partner access: http://www.cisco.com/go/sbachannel

February 2013 Series

How to Read Commands

Many Cisco SBA guides provide specific details about how to configure

Cisco network devices that run Cisco IOS, Cisco NX-OS, or other operating systems that you configure at a command-line interface (CLI). This section describes the conventions used to specify commands that you must enter.

Commands to enter at a CLI appear as follows: configure terminal

Commands that specify a value for a variable appear as follows: ntp server

10.10.48.17

Commands with variables that you must define appear as follows: class-map

[highest class name]

Commands shown in an interactive example, such as a script or when the command prompt is included, appear as follows:

Router# enable

Long commands that line wrap are underlined. Enter them as one command: wrr-queue random-detect max-threshold 1 100 100 100 100 100

100 100 100

Noteworthy parts of system output or device configuration files appear highlighted, as follows: interface Vlan64

ip address 10.5.204.5 255.255.255.0

Comments and Questions

If you would like to comment on a guide or ask questions, please use the

SBA feedback form .

If you would like to be notified when new comments are posted, an RSS feed is available from the SBA customer and partner pages.

Preface

Table of Contents

What’s In This SBA Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Cisco SBA Data Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Route to Success . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

About This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Business Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Technical Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Server Room Ethernet LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Business Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Technical Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Deployment Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Configuring the Server Room Ethernet LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Server Room Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Business Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Technical Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Deployment Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Configuring Firewall Connectivity for the Server Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Configuring the Server Room Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Configuring Firewall High Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Evaluating and Deploying Firewall Security Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Deploying Firewall Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Appendix A: Product List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Appendix B: Configuration Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Switch Stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Cisco ASA 5500-X Firewall-Primary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Cisco ASA 5500-X IPS-Primary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

Cisco ASA 5500-X Firewall-Secondary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Cisco ASA 5500-X IPS-Secondary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Appendix C: Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61

February 2013 Series

Table of Contents

What’s In This SBA Guide

Cisco SBA Data Center

Cisco SBA helps you design and quickly deploy a full-service business network. A Cisco SBA deployment is prescriptive, out-of-the-box, scalable, and flexible.

Cisco SBA incorporates LAN, WAN, wireless, security, data center, application optimization, and unified communication technologies—tested together as a complete system. This component-level approach simplifies system integration of multiple technologies, allowing you to select solutions that solve your organization’s problems—without worrying about the technical complexity.

Cisco SBA Data Center is a comprehensive design that scales from a server room to a data center for networks with up to 10,000 connected users. This design incorporates compute resources, security, application resiliency, and virtualization.

Route to Success

To ensure your success when implementing the designs in this guide, you should first read any guides that this guide depends upon—shown to the left of this guide on the route below. As you read this guide, specific prerequisites are cited where they are applicable.

About This Guide

This deployment guide contains one or more deployment chapters, which each include the following sections:

• Business Overview —Describes the business use case for the design.

Business decision makers may find this section especially useful.

• Technology Overview —Describes the technical design for the business use case, including an introduction to the Cisco products that make up the design. Technical decision makers can use this section to understand how the design works.

• Deployment Details —Provides step-by-step instructions for deploying and configuring the design. Systems engineers can use this section to get the design up and running quickly and reliably.

You can find the most recent series of Cisco SBA guides at the following sites:

Customer access: http://www.cisco.com/go/sba

Partner access: http://www.cisco.com/go/sbachannel

DATA

CENTER

Prerequisite Guides

Data Center Design Overview

You Are Here

Server Room Deployment Guide

Dependent Guides

Additional Deployment Guides

February 2013 Series

What’s In This SBA Guide

1

Introduction

This guide is designed to provide a growing organization its first formal foundation for centralizing up to 24 physical servers in a secure and resilient environment. This guide can also be used to provide a server room deployment for a regional site or in-country location for a larger organization.

This guide is a prescriptive design based on the Cisco SBA—Borderless

Networks LAN Deployment Guide so that you can use the Layer 3 services of your Cisco Smart Business Architecture (SBA) LAN distribution layer for routing traffic to and from the IP subnets in the server room.

Cisco SBA is a comprehensive design for networks with up to 10,000 users.

This out-of-the-box design is simple, fast, affordable, scalable, and flexible.

The Cisco SBA series incorporates LAN, WAN, wireless, security, WAN optimization, and unified communication technologies tested together as a solution. The Cisco SBA server room is part of the larger Cisco SBA design and incorporates the same equipment, processes, and procedures as the

Cisco SBA LAN design in order to provide seamless extension of service for the servers and appliances in the server room.

The Server Room Deployment Guide includes the following chapters:

• “Server Room Ethernet LAN” includes guidance for the configuration of server ports on the switches, VLAN usage and trunking, resiliency, and connectivity to the LAN distribution layer or collapsed LAN core.

• “Server Room Security” focuses on the deployment of firewalls and intrusion prevention systems (IPS) in order to help protect the information assets of your organization.

• The appendices provides the complete list of products used in the lab testing of this design, software revisions used on the products in the system, a summary of changes to this guide since it was last published, and configuration examples for the products used.

Server-load balancing is a component of many server room deployments in order to enhance application resilience, balance the traffic and computing load handled by any one server, and offload server processing onto dedicated hardware. The Cisco SBA Data Center—Advanced Server-Load

Balancing Deployment Guide is a standalone guide that is easily adapted to connect to the server room deployed in this guide.

As organizations scale beyond the server room to data centers with many application servers and larger storage environments, the Cisco SBA—Data

Center Deployment Guide provides a methodology for a smooth transition.

February 2013 Series

Introduction

Figure 1 illustrates typical scenarios where the Cisco SBA server room would apply.

Figure 1 - Typical Cisco SBA server room deployment scenarios

Regional Site

Servers

Headquarters

Servers

Server Room

Firewalls

Switch Stack

Server Room

Wireless LAN

Controller

Distribution

Switch

Client

Access

Switches

LAN

Cisco ACE

Routers

Firewalls

Cisco ACE

WAN

Internet

WAN Routers

Internet Edge

Firewalls

Switch Stack

Server Room

Firewalls

Server Room

Wireless LAN

Controller

Distribution

Switch

Collapsed

LAN Core

Client

Access

Switches

LAN Access

February 2013 Series

Introduction

Business Overview

The Cisco SBA—Data Center Server Room Deployment Guide is designed to address five primary needs of organizations:

• Provide reliable access to organization resources

• Provide a smaller organization with a primary server room

• Provide a larger organization with a remote-site server room design to serve a large office or regional facility

• Secure the organization’s critical data

• Reduce operational costs

Reliable Access to Organization Resources

Data networks are critical to an organization’s ability to operate and compete. Online workforce-enablement tools only offer benefit if the data network provides reliable access to information resources. Collaboration tools and content distribution rely on high-speed, low-latency network infrastructure in order to provide an effective user experience. Email, payroll systems, resource planning systems, and even print services must be available for the organization to operate. However, as networks become more complex, the risk increases that they will lose availability or suffer poor performance due to inadequate design, configuration errors, maintenance and upgrade outages, or hardware and software faults. The design and methods used in this deployment guide were created to minimize these risks.

Primary Server Room for Smaller Organizations

Organizations and businesses often begin their IT practices with application servers sitting under desks or in closets with switches—and perhaps some storage tapes for ad hoc backups stacked on top. As the organization grows and its reliance on data grows, so does the need to provide a more stable environment for its critical applications. Whether it is the fear of an outage delaying productivity, data loss that could harm the perception of an organization, or regulatory compliance, the IT person or group is forced to build a more suitable environment.

The server room represents the first move into a serious IT environment onsite with the business. An example environment will have controlled cooling and power, two to three equipment racks for application servers, supporting network connectivity, and a small backup system.

February 2013 Series

Remote-Site Server Room for Regional Locations

Many organizations have large remote-site locations that might house hundreds of employees and require local processing for communication services, file sharing, and low-latency access to information. Organizations extending their presence to a global reach often require regional offices located in a foreign country in order to focus on geographic and business requirements. These remote-site locations often require an IT environment for their local servers in order to provide high availability and security for the applications being used. The Server Room Deployment Guide provides a foundation for housing those applications and servers in a secure and resilient manner.

Securing the Organization’s Critical Data

With communication and commerce in the world becoming increasingly

Internet-based, network security quickly becomes a primary concern in a growing organization. Often organizations will begin by securing their

Internet edge connection, considering the internal network a trusted entity.

However, an Internet firewall is only one component of building security into the network infrastructure.

Frequently, threats to an organization’s data may come from within the internal network. This may come in the form of onsite vendors, contaminated employee laptops, or existing servers that have already become compromised and may be used as a platform to launch further attacks. With the centralized repository of the organization’s most critical data typically being the data center, security is no longer considered an optional component of a complete data center architecture plan.

The Cisco SBA server room design illustrates how to cleanly integrate network security capabilities such as firewall and intrusion prevention, protecting areas of the network housing critical server and storage resources. The architecture provides the flexibility to secure specific portions of the server room or insert firewall capability between tiers of a multi-tier application, according to the security policy agreed upon by the organization.

Reduced Operational Costs

Organizations constantly pursue opportunities to reduce network operational costs, while maintaining the network’s effectiveness for end users.

Operational costs include not only the cost of the physical operation (power, cooling, etc.), but also the labor cost required to staff an IT department that monitors and maintains the network. Additionally, network outages and performance issues impose costs that are more difficult to quantify, in the form

Introduction

of loss of productivity and interruption of business continuity. Centralizing the IT servers in a controlled environment with a reliable network can lower the risk of unplanned and lengthy outages that prevent users from accessing their applications.

The network provided by this deployment guide offers network resilience in its ability to tolerate failure or outage of portions of the network, along with a sufficiently robust—yet simple—design that staff should be able to operate, troubleshoot, and return to service in the event of a network outage.

Technical Overview

The chapters in this guide describe a design that enables communications across the organization. This section provides architectural guidance specific to the network components or services you need to deploy.

Server Room Ethernet LAN

The server room switches provide network connectivity for servers and appliances that offer network and user services to a variety of devices in the network. The server room design has two product lines to choose from:

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series and Cisco Catalyst 3560-X Series switches.

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series offers flexible port density and server port connection speeds from 10-Mb Ethernet to 1-Gigabit Ethernet. With a Cisco

Catalyst 3750-X Series switch stack, you can build in fault tolerance by dual-homing servers to the server room and dual-homing the server room to the LAN distribution layer with redundant Gigabit Ethernet or 10-Gigabit

Ethernet links in an EtherChannel. Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series provides platform resilience when stacked through Cisco StackWise Plus, which allows the control plane for the server room Ethernet switches to reside on either of the Catalyst 3750-X Series switches and fail over in the event of a failure. Cisco StackPower on the Catalyst 3750-X Series switch provides the ability to spread the power load over multiple power supplies in each chassis for diversity and resilience. The Cisco Catalyst 3560-X Series switch offers a lower-cost option for applications where Ethernet LAN switch resiliency is not a priority.

Figure 2 - Resilience in the server room design

Servers

Switch

Stack

Distribution

Switch

Both the server room and the client LAN access methods connect devices to the network; the difference between the two methods that changes the switch model is the requirement in the LAN access for Power over Ethernet

(PoE). Although PoE-capable devices are not typical in the server room, using PoE-capable switches offers a benefit worth considering: the minor initial cost savings of a non-PoE switch may not be worth the benefits of using the same switch across multiple modules of your local LAN. Although configurations differ between LAN access switches and server room switches, the ability to use a single switch type between multiple modules can lower operational costs by allowing for simpler sparing and management, as well as provide a better chance of reuse as the organization grows.

Server Room Security

Within the design, there are many requirements and opportunities to include or improve security. At the headquarters, there is a layer of security to protect the business information assets. These devices help provide direct and indirect protection against potential threats. The first product in the server room security perimeter is Cisco ASA 5500-X Series Midrange

Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA). Cisco ASA 5500-X Series is a nextgeneration multifunction appliance providing multi-gigabit firewall capability and intrusion prevention or intrusion detection services in a compact 1RU form-factor. Cisco ASA 5500-X Series runs the same base firewall and IPS software as the ASA 5500 Series, making transition and operational support easy for existing ASA customers.

Dedicated IPS hardware acceleration adds the ability to inspect applicationlayer data for attacks and to block malicious traffic based on the content of the packet or the reputation of the sender without additional hardware requirements.

February 2013 Series

Introduction

Figure 3 - Secure server room with firewall and IPS-secured VLANs

Cisco ASA 5500-X with IPS

Internet

LAN/WAN

Secure VLANs

Open VLANs

The indirect security is established by the use of an intrusion detection system (IDS). This is a passive method for monitoring threats. After a threat is detected, mitigation steps can be taken. Cisco IPS allows your organization to continuously monitor the network traffic destined for protected VLANs for potential threats. When a threat is detected, the system sends an alert to the appropriate monitoring resource, and engineering or operational staff take action to resolve the issue. The IPS service can also be deployed inline in

IPS mode in order to fully engage intrusion prevention capabilities, wherein they will block malicious traffic before it reaches its destination. The ability to run in IDS mode or IPS mode is highly configurable to allow the maximum flexibility in meeting a specific security policy.

Server-Load Balancing

Application performance and availability directly affect employee productivity and the bottom line of an organization. As organizations do business on a global level, it becomes even more important to address application availability and performance issues to ensure achievement of business processes and objectives.

Server load balancers (SLBs) spread the load across servers to improve their response to client requests, improve application response and availability, and increase the productivity of organizations that rely on networkbased applications to conduct business.

Cisco Application Control Engine (ACE) is the latest SLB offering from Cisco for Layer 4 through Layer 7 switching, TCP processing offload, Secure

Sockets Layer (SSL) offload, compression, and various other acceleration technologies. When server load balancing is required in your server room, we recommend the Cisco ACE 4710 appliance for use with the Cisco SBA design. Please refer to the Cisco SBA—Data Center Advanced Server-Load

Balancing Deployment Guide for details on deploying server-load balancing for your server room.

February 2013 Series

Introduction

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Business Overview

Employee productivity depends on the ability to access applications and services necessary to do their job quickly and efficiently. Consistent and reliable access to the servers that support the applications that drive the organization is critical to ensure customer satisfaction and the success of the overall organization. Whether the servers that support your business applications are located at a headquarters building or a remote site, when critical applications are riding on those servers, you require a resilient network to ensure access to the information and services.

Cisco SBA recognizes the importance of the server room facility and its importance in the function of the overall organization. The design provides a small, yet resilient and scalable, Ethernet LAN foundation to connect the application servers to the users located throughout the rest of the organization’s network. As organizations scale beyond the server room to data centers with many application servers and larger storage environments, the

Cisco SBA—Data Center Deployment Guide provides a methodology for a smooth transition.

Technical Overview

In Cisco SBA, the server room provides basic compute capability for business operations and is designed to accommodate up to 24 physical servers.

The design uses the Cisco Catalyst 3560-X standalone switch and Cisco

Catalyst 3750-X Series stackable Ethernet LAN switches, with 10/100/1000 support to accommodate a wide range of server Ethernet interface speeds.

The Cisco StackWise Plus feature of Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series provides a resilient, high-speed backplane for the server room environment and the ability to dual-home servers to the server room LAN for increased resiliency.

With two switches in the stack and dual homing to servers and the LAN core switches, your server room is protected from single points of failure. The

Catalyst 3750-X Series switches in a stack provide automated control plane failover in the event that the master switch experiences an issue. The option of dual power supplies and Cisco StackPower with the Catalyst 3750-X

Series switches provides more resilience to the server room design. Cisco

Catalyst 3560-X Series does not provide the same level of resilience as

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series, but it is suitable for single connected servers and less-critical systems.

Figure 4 - Server room switch or switch stack with EtherChannel uplinks

Servers

Switch

Stack

Distribution

Switch

Gigabit EtherChannel or

10-Gigabit EtherChannel

In the Cisco SBA design, the server room switches are connected to the collapsed core or distribution layer with an EtherChannel so that two 1-Gigabit

Ethernet ports combine to make a single 2-Gigabit Ethernet channel. It is possible to increase the number of links to the core from the server room to four or eight for more bandwidth if needed; or, if you require very high bandwidth, you can use 10-Gigabit Ethernet links in order to connect the appropriate core switch ports to 10-Gigabit ports on uplink modules installed in the server room switches.

Deployment Details

This section includes the procedures you need to perform in order to configure your server room Ethernet LAN connectivity. As you review the

Server Room Deployment Guide, you may find it useful to understand the following tables, which list the IP addressing and VLAN assignments used in Cisco SBA server room deployments. Because the server room can be deployed at the main site or a remote site, this guide contains two models for addressing. This guide will use the remote-site addressing. Your design requirements for IP addressing and VLAN numbering may differ.

February 2013 Series

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Table 1 - Deployment guide addressing for main-site deployment

VLAN

148

149

115

IP address range

10.4.48.x /24

10.4.49.x /24

10.4.15.x /25

Usage

Server VLAN #1

Server VLAN #2

Management VLAN from LAN core

Table 2 - Deployment guide addressing for remote-site deployment

VLAN

148

149

106

IP address range

10.5.24.x /24

10.5.25.x /24

10.5.7.x /25

Usage

Server VLAN #1

Server VLAN #2

Management VLAN from LAN core

Process

Configuring the Server Room Ethernet LAN

1. Configure the platform

2. Configure switch universal settings

3. Apply the switch global configuration

4. Configure server room uplink ports

5. Configure server access ports

6. Configure LAN distribution layer downlinks

The following procedures are designed to configure a standalone Cisco

Catalyst 3560-X Series server room switch or a stack of two Catalyst 3750-X

Series switches used for the server room Ethernet LAN.

February 2013 Series

Procedure 1 Configure the platform

When there are multiple Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series switches configured in a stack, one of the switches controls the operation of the stack and is called the stack master.

To make consistent deployment of QoS easier, the procedure defines a macro that you will use in later procedures to apply the platform-specific

QoS configuration.

Step 1: If you are using Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series switches, ensure that the original master MAC address remains the stack MAC address after a failure.

stack-mac persistent timer 0

The default behavior when the stack master switch fails is for the newly active stack master switch to assign a new stack MAC address. This new

MAC address assignment can cause the network to reconverge because the link aggregation control protocol (LACP) and many other protocols rely on the stack MAC address and must restart.

Step 2: Because AutoQoS may not be configured on this device, manually configure the global quality of service (QoS) settings. mls qos map policed-dscp 0 10 18 24 46 to 8 mls qos map cos-dscp 0 8 16 24 32 46 48 56 mls qos srr-queue input bandwidth 70 30 mls qos srr-queue input threshold 1 80 90 mls qos srr-queue input priority-queue 2 bandwidth 30 mls qos srr-queue input cos-map queue 1 threshold 2 3 mls qos srr-queue input cos-map queue 1 threshold 3 6 7 mls qos srr-queue input cos-map queue 2 threshold 1 4 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 1 threshold 2 24 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 48 49 50

51 52 53 54 55 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 56 57 58

59 60 61 62 63 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 32 33 40

41 42 43 44 45 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 46 47 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 1 threshold 3 4 5

Server Room Ethernet LAN

mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 2 threshold 1 2 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 2 threshold 2 3 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 2 threshold 3 6 7 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 3 threshold 3 0 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 4 threshold 3 1 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 32 33 40

41 42 43 44 45 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 46 47 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 1 16 17 18

19 20 21 22 23 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 1 26 27 28

29 30 31 34 35 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 1 36 37 38

39 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 2 24 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 48 49 50

51 52 53 54 55 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 56 57 58

59 60 61 62 63 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 3 threshold 3 0 1 2 3

4 5 6 7 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 4 threshold 1 8 9 11

13 15 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 4 threshold 2 10 12 14 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 1 100 100 50 200 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 2 125 125 100 400 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 3 100 100 100 3200 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 4 60 150 50 200 mls qos queue-set output 1 buffers 15 25 40 20 mls qos

!

macro name

EgressQoS

mls qos trust dscp queue-set 1 srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5 priority-queue out

@

February 2013 Series

Procedure 2 Configure switch universal settings

This procedure configures system settings that simplify and secure the management of the switch. The values and actual settings in the examples provided will depend on your current network configuration.

Table 3 - Common network services used in the deployment examples

Service

Domain name

Active Directory, Domain Name System (DNS),

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server

Cisco Secure Access Control System (Secure ACS) server

Network Time Protocol (NTP) server

Address

cisco.local

10.4.48.10

10.4.48.15

10.4.48.17

Step 1: Configure the device host name.

hostname

[hostname]

Step 2: Configure VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) transparent mode. This deployment uses VTP transparent mode because the benefits of the alternative mode—dynamic propagation of VLAN information across the network—are not worth the potential for unexpected behavior that is due to operational error.

VTP allows network managers to configure a VLAN in one location of the network and have that configuration dynamically propagate out to other network devices. However, in most cases, VLANs are defined once during switch setup with few, if any, additional modifications.

vtp mode transparent

Step 3: Enable Rapid Per-VLAN Spanning-Tree (PVST+). Rapid PVST+ provides an instance of Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (802.1w) per VLAN.

Rapid PVST+ greatly improves the detection of indirect failures or linkup restoration events over classic spanning tree (802.1D).

Although this architecture is built without any Layer 2 loops, you must still enable spanning tree. By enabling spanning tree, you ensure that if any physical or logical loops are accidentally configured, no actual Layer 2 loops will occur.

spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Step 4: Enable Unidirectional Link Detection Protocol (UDLD).

UDLD is a Layer 2 protocol that enables devices connected through fiberoptic or twisted-pair Ethernet cables to monitor the physical configuration of the cables and detect when a unidirectional link exists. When UDLD detects a unidirectional link, it disables the affected interface and alerts you.

Unidirectional links can cause a variety of problems, including spanning-tree loops, black holes, and non-deterministic forwarding. In addition, UDLD enables faster link failure detection and quick reconvergence of interface trunks, especially with fiber-optic cables, which can be susceptible to unidirectional failures. udld enable

Step 5: Set EtherChannels to use the traffic source and destination IP address when calculating which link to send the traffic across. This normalizes the method in which traffic is load-shared across the member links of the EtherChannel. EtherChannels are used extensively in this design because they add resiliency to the network. port-channel load-balance src-dst-ip

Step 6: Configure DNS for host lookup.

At the command line of a Cisco IOS device, it is helpful to be able to type a domain name instead of the IP address for a destination.

ip name-server

10.4.48.10

Step 7: Configure device management protocols.

Secure HTTP (HTTPS) and Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol are secure replacements for the HTTP and Telnet protocols. They use SSL and Transport Layer

Security (TLS) in order to provide device authentication and data encryption.

The SSH and HTTPS protocols enable secure management of the LAN device. Both protocols are encrypted for privacy, and the unsecure protocols—Telnet and HTTP—are turned off.

Specify the transport preferred none command on vty lines. This prevents errant connection attempts from the CLI prompt. Without this command, if the IP name server is unreachable, long timeout delays may occur for mistyped commands.

ip domain-name

cisco.local

ip ssh version 2 no ip http server ip http secure-server line vty 0 15

transport input ssh

transport preferred none

Step 8: Enable Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), and then configure SNMPv2c both for a read-only and a read-write community string. snmp-server community

cisco

RO snmp-server community

cisco123

RW

Step 9: If network operational support is centralized in your network, you can increase network security by using an access list to limit the networks that can access your device. In this example, only devices on the

10.4.48.0/24 network will be able to access the device via SSH or SNMP.

access-list

55

permit

10.4.48.0 0.0.0.255

line vty 0 15

access-class

55

in

!

snmp-server community cisco RO

55

snmp-server community cisco123 RW

55

Caution

If you configure an access list on the vty interface, you may lose the ability to use SSH to log in from one router to the next for hop-by-hop troubleshooting.

February 2013 Series

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Step 10: Configure the local login and password.

The local login account and password provide basic device access authentication in order to view platform operation. The enable password secures access to the device configuration mode. By enabling password encryption, you prevent the use of plaintext passwords when viewing configuration files. username admin password

c1sco123

enable secret

c1sco123

service password-encryption aaa new-model

By default, HTTPS access to the switch uses the enable password for authentication.

Step 11: If you want to reduce operational tasks per device, configure centralized user authentication by using the TACACS+ protocol to authenticate management logins on the infrastructure devices to the authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) server.

As networks scale in the number of devices to maintain, the operational burden to maintain local user accounts on every device also scales. A centralized AAA service reduces operational tasks per device and provides an audit log of user access for security compliance and root-cause analysis.

When AAA is enabled for access control, all management access to the network infrastructure devices (SSH and HTTPS) is controlled by AAA.

TACACS+ is the primary protocol used to authenticate management logins on the infrastructure devices to the AAA server. A local AAA user database

is also defined in Step 10 on each network infrastructure device in order to

provide a fallback authentication source in case the centralized TACACS+ server is unavailable.

tacacs server

TACACS-SERVER-1

address ipv4

10.4.48.15

key

SecretKey

!

aaa group server tacacs+

TACACS-SERVERS

server name

TACACS-SERVER-1

!

aaa authentication login default group

TACACS-SERVERS

local aaa authorization exec default group

TACACS-SERVERS

local aaa authorization console ip http authentication aaa

February 2013 Series

Reader Tip

The AAA server used in this architecture is Cisco Secure ACS.

For details about Cisco Secure ACS configuration, see the Cisco

SBA—Borderless Networks Device Management Using ACS

Deployment Guide.

Step 12: Configure a synchronized clock by programming network devices to synchronize to a local NTP server in the network. The local NTP server typically references a more accurate clock feed from an outside source.

Configure console messages, logs, and debug output to provide time stamps on output, which allows cross-referencing of events in a network.

ntp server

10.4.48.17

!

clock timezone

PST -8

clock summer-time

PDT

recurring

!

service timestamps debug datetime msec localtime service timestamps log datetime msec localtime

Procedure 3 Apply the switch global configuration

Configure VLANs on the switch for all VLANs to which the server needs connectivity. Configure the switch management VLAN to match the Cisco

SBA LAN foundation management VLAN in use at the location of this server room deployment.

Step 1: Configure the server and management VLANs. vlan

[vlan number]

name

Server_VLAN_1

vlan

[vlan number]

name

Server_VLAN_2

vlan

[vlan number]

name

Management

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Step 2: Configure the switch with an IP address so that it can be managed via in-band connectivity, and then assign an IP default gateway. interface vlan

[management vlan]

ip address

[ip address] [mask]

no shutdown ip default-gateway

[default router]

Step 3: Configure bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) Guard globally. This protects PortFast-enabled interfaces by disabling the port if another switch is plugged into the port.

spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default

BPDU Guard protects against a user plugging a switch into an access port, which could cause a catastrophic undetected spanning-tree loop.

A PortFast-enabled interface receives a BPDU when an invalid configuration exists, such as when an unauthorized device is connected. The BPDU Guard feature prevents loops by moving a nontrunking interface into an errdisable state when a BPDU is received on an interface when PortFast is enabled.

Figure 5 - Scenario that BPDU Guard protects against

User-Installed

Low-End Switch

Spanning tree doesn’t detect the loop because PortFast is enabled

Cisco SBA

Access-Layer

Switch

Loop caused by mis-cabling the switch

Example vlan

148

name

Server_VLAN_1

vlan

149

name

Server_VLAN_2

vlan

106

name

Management

!

interface vlan

106

ip address

10.5.7.4 255.255.255.128

no shutdown ip default-gateway

10.5.7.1

February 2013 Series

Procedure 4 Configure server room uplink ports

This procedure details how to connect a server room switch to the distribution layer or collapsed LAN core.

Configure the physical interfaces that are members of a Layer 2

EtherChannel prior to configuring the logical port-channel interface. This sequence allows for minimal configuration because most of the commands entered to a port-channel interface are copied to its members’ interfaces and do not require manual replication.

Step 1: Configure the EtherChannel member interfaces.

Set Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) negotiation to active on both sides to ensure a proper EtherChannel is formed. Also, apply the egress

QoS macro that was defined in Procedure 1, “Configure the platform,” to

ensure traffic is prioritized appropriately.

interface

[interface type] [port 1]

description

Link to Core port 1

interface

[interface type] [port 2]

description

Link to Core port 2

interface range

[interface type] [port 1], [interface type]

[port 2]

switchport

macro apply

EgressQoS

channel-protocol lacp

channel-group

[number]

mode active

logging event link-status

logging event trunk-status

logging event bundle-status

Step 2: Configure the 802.1Q trunk.

An 802.1Q trunk is used for the connection to this upstream device, which allows the uplink to provide Layer 3 services to all the VLANs defined on the server room switch. Prune the VLANs allowed on the trunk to only the

VLANs that are active on the server room switch. When using EtherChannel, the interface type is port-channel, and the number must match the channel-

group configured in Step 1.

interface

Port-channel [number]

description

EtherChannel Link to Core

Server Room Ethernet LAN

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan

[server vlan 1],

[server vlan 2],[management vlan]

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

no shutdown

Next, mitigate the remote risk of a VLAN hopping attack on the trunk.

There is a remote possibility that an attacker can create a double 802.1Q encapsulated packet. If the attacker has specific knowledge of the 802.1Q native VLAN, a packet could be crafted that when processed, the first or outermost tag is removed when the packet is switched onto the untagged native VLAN. When the packet reaches the target switch, the inner or second tag is then processed and the potentially malicious packet is switched to the target VLAN.

Figure 6 - VLAN hopping attack

Attacker

802.1Q Trunk

802.1Q Trunk with

Native VLAN A

Access

Interface

VLAN B

Host

VLAN A

VLAN B

Data

VLAN B

Data Data

At first glance, this appears to be a serious risk. However, the traffic in this attack scenario is in a single direction, and no return traffic can be switched by this mechanism. Additionally, this attack cannot work unless the attacker knows the native VLAN ID.

Step 3:

Configure an unused VLAN on the switch-to-switch 802.1Q trunk link from the server room to the distribution layer. Using a hard-to-guess, unused VLAN for the native VLAN reduces the possibility that a double

802.1Q-tagged packet can hop VLANs. If you are running the recommended

EtherChannel uplink to the LAN access layer switch, configure the switchport trunk native vlan

on the port-channel interface.

February 2013 Series vlan

999

!

interface

Port-channel [number]

switchport trunk native vlan

999

Example interface

GigabitEthernet1/1/1

description

Link to LAN Core 1

interface

GigabitEthernet2/1/1

description

Link to LAN Core 2

interface range

GigabitEthernet 1/1/1, GigabitEthernet 2/1/1

channel-protocol lacp

channel-group

12

mode active

macro apply

EgressQoS

logging event link-status

logging event trunk-status

logging event bundle-status

no shutdown

!

interface

Port-channel 12

description

EtherChannel Link to LAN Core

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan

148-149,106

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

no shutdown

!

vlan

999

!

interface

Port-channel 12

switchport trunk native vlan

999

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Procedure 5 Configure server access ports

To make configuration easier when the same configuration will be applied to multiple interfaces on the switch, use the interface range command. This command allows you to issue a command once and have it apply to many interfaces at the same time.

Step 1: Configure switch interfaces to offer basic server connectivity. interface range

[interface type] [port number]–[port number]

switchport access vlan

[server vlan 1]

switchport mode access

Step 2: Shorten the time it takes for a port to go into the forwarding state by setting the switchport to mode host.

switchport host

Step 3: If you want to trust the QoS markings on the traffic from the servers based on the QoS macro configuration, enter the following command.

macro apply

EgressQoS

Reader Tip

It is possible that your server or application may require special configuration like trunking or port channeling. Refer to vendor documentation for this information.

Step 4: Save the running configuration that you have entered. It will be used as the startup configuration file when your switch is rebooted or power-cycled.

copy running-config startup-config

February 2013 Series

Procedure 6 Configure LAN distribution layer downlinks

The links to the server room switch are Layer 2 EtherChannels. Connect the server room EtherChannel uplinks to separate stack members or interface modules on the distribution layer switch.

Figure 7 - EtherChannel with stack member or switch blade diversity

Distribution

Switch

Switch

Stack gig - 1/1/1 gig - 1/7 gig - 2/1/1

EtherChannel gig - 2/7

Step 1:

Add the VLANs to the core switch’s VLAN database that the downlink will carry. vlan

[vlan number]

name

Server_VLAN_1

vlan

[vlan number]

name

Server_VLAN_2

Step 2:

Configure the EtherChannel member interfaces. Set LACP negotiation to active

on both sides to ensure a proper EtherChannel is formed.

Also, apply the egress QoS macro that is configured on the Cisco SBA LAN distribution layer in order to ensure traffic is prioritized appropriately. interface

[interface type] [port 1]

description

Link to Server Room port 1

interface

[interface type] [port 2]

description

Link to Server Room 2

interface range

[interface type] [port 1], [interface type]

[port 2]

switchport

macro apply

EgressQoS

channel-protocol lacp

channel-group

[number]

mode active

logging event link-status

logging event trunk-status

logging event bundle-status

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Step 3: Configure the trunk.

An 802.1Q trunk is used for the connection to the server room switch, which allows the uplink to provide Layer 3 services to all the VLANs defined in the server room. Prune the VLANs allowed on the trunk to only the VLANs that are active on the server room switch. When using EtherChannel, the interface type is port-channel, and the number must match the channel-group

configured in Step 2.

interface

Port-Channel[number]

description

EtherChannel Link to Server Room

switchport trunk allowed vlan

[server vlan 1],

[server vlan 2],[mgmt vlan]

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

no shutdown

Tech Tip

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series requires the switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q command.

Step 4: Add VLAN-hopping mitigation for the trunk. interface

Port-channel [number]

switchport trunk native vlan

999

Step 5: If the VLANs for the server room did not already exist on the core switch, add a switched virtual interface (SVI) for every server room VLAN so that the VLANs can route to the rest of the network.

If you are using DHCP to assign IP addresses for servers in the server room, use the ip helper-address command to allow remote DHCP servers to provide IP addresses for this network. The address to which the helper command points is the DHCP server; if you have more than one DHCP server, multiple helper commands can be listed on an interface. interface vlan

[number]

ip address

[ip address] [mask]

ip helper-address

[dhcp server ip]

ip pim sparse-mode

no shutdown

February 2013 Series

Example vlan

148

name

Server_VLAN_1

vlan

149

name

Server_VLAN_2

!

interface

GigabitEthernet1/12

description

Link to Server Room port 1

interface

GigabitEthernet2/12

description

Link to Server Room port 2

interface range

GigabitEthernet 1/12, GigabitEthernet 2/12

channel-protocol lacp

channel-group

12

mode active

macro apply

EgressQoS

logging event link-status

logging event trunk-status

logging event bundle-status

no shutdown

!

interface

Port-channel 12

description

EtherChannel Link to Server Room

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan

148-149,106

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

no shutdown

!

interface

Port-channel 12

switchport trunk native vlan

999

!

interface vlan

148

ip address

10.5.24.1 255.255.255.0

ip pim sparse-mode

no shutdown interface vlan

149

ip address

10.5.25.1 255.255.255.0

ip pim sparse-mode

no shutdown

Server Room Ethernet LAN

Server Room Security

Business Overview

When a formal data center is not yet required, the server room of a small organization contains some of the organization’s most valuable assets.

Customer and personnel records, financial data, email stores, and intellectual property must be maintained in a secure environment to ensure confidentiality and availability. Additionally, portions of networks in specific business sectors may be subject to industry or government regulations that mandate specific security controls in order to protect customer or client information. Some regional offices may require a server room for in-country operation where the need to protect customer and business information dictates local security measures.

To protect the valuable electronic assets located in the server room, network security helps ensure the facility is protected from automated or humanoperated snooping and tampering, and it helps prevent compromise of hosts by resource-consuming worms, viruses, or botnets.

While worms, viruses, and botnets pose a substantial threat to centralized data, particularly from the perspective of host performance and availability, servers must also be protected from employee snooping and unauthorized access. Statistics have consistently shown that the majority of data loss and network disruptions have occurred as the result of human-initiated activity

(intentional or accidental) carried out within the boundaries of the business’s network.

Technical Overview

To minimize the impact of unwanted network intrusions, you should deploy firewalls and intrusion prevention systems (IPSs) between clients and centralized data resources.

February 2013 Series

Figure 8 - Deploy firewall inline to help protect data resources

Distribution

Switch

Server Room

Switch Stack

Cisco ASA 5500-X

Firewall with IPS

LAN/WAN

Internet

Secure

Servers

Because everything else outside the protected VLANs hosting the server room resources can be a threat, the security policy associated with protecting those resources has to include the following potential threat vectors (the data center threat landscape):

• Internet

• Remote access and teleworker VPN hosts

• Remote office and branch networks

• Business partner connections

• Campus networks

• Unprotected server room networks

• Other protected server room networks

The server room security design employs a pair of Cisco ASA 5500-X Series

Midrange Security Appliances. Cisco ASA 5500-X is a next-generation security appliance that leverages the Cisco SecureX framework for a context-aware approach to security. Cisco ASA 5500-X is available in multiple models to scale from 1 Gbps to 4 Gbps of firewall throughput, and

250 Mbps to 1.3 Gbps of firewall + IPS throughput.

Each of the Cisco ASA firewalls are homed to one of the server room Cisco

Catalyst switches using two 1-Gigabit Ethernet links. The first 1-Gigabit

Ethernet link on each Cisco ASA is configured to carry traffic from the Cisco

SBA LAN distribution layer. This link is designated as the outside VLAN for the firewall, and any hosts or servers that reside in that VLAN are outside the firewall and therefore receive no protection from Cisco ASA for attacks

Server Room Security

originating from anywhere else in the organization’s network. The second

1-Gigabit Ethernet link on each Cisco ASA is configured as a VLAN trunk to transport server room VLANs designated as being firewalled from all the other server room threat vectors or firewalled with additional IPS services.

The pair of Cisco ASAs is configured for firewall active/standby high availability operation to ensure that access to the server room is only minimally impacted by outages caused by software maintenance or hardware failure.

When Cisco ASAs are configured in active/standby mode, the standby appliance does not handle traffic, so the ASAs must be sized so that either appliance can provide enough throughput to address connectivity requirements between the LAN and the server room. Although the IPS modules do not actively exchange state traffic, they participate in the firewall appliances’ active/standby status by way of reporting their status to the firewall’s status monitor. A firewall failover will occur if either the appliance itself has an issue or the IPS module becomes unavailable.

Cisco ASAs are configured in routing mode; as a result, the secure network must be in a separate subnet from the client subnets. IP subnet allocation would be simplified if the appliance were deployed in transparent mode; however, hosts might inadvertently be connected to the wrong VLAN, where they would still be able to communicate with the network, incurring an unwanted security exposure.

The server room IPS monitors for and mitigates potential malicious activity that is contained within traffic allowed by the security policy defined on

Cisco ASA. The IPS sensors can be deployed in promiscuous, or IDS, mode so that they only monitor and alert for abnormal traffic. The IPS sensors can be deployed in inline, or IPS, mode in order to fully engage their intrusion prevention capabilities, wherein they will block malicious traffic before it reaches its destination. The choice to have the sensor drop traffic or not is one that is influenced by several factors: risk tolerance for having a security incident, risk aversion for inadvertently dropping valid traffic, and other possibly externally driven reasons such as compliance requirements for

IPS. The ability to run in IDS or IPS mode is highly configurable to allow the maximum flexibility in meeting a specific security policy.

Security Topology Design

The Cisco SBA server room security design provides two secure VLANs for application servers. The number of secure VLANs is arbitrary; the design is an example of how to create multiple secured networks to host services that require separation. High-value applications, such as Enterprise Resource

Planning and Customer Relationship Management, may need to be separated from other applications in their own VLAN.

February 2013 Series

Figure 9 - Example design with secure VLANs

LAN/WAN

Internet

Distribution

Switch

Server Room

Switch Stack

Server Room

Firewall with IPS

Open

VLANs

Firewalled

VLANs

Firewall

+IPS VLANs

As another example, services that are indirectly exposed to the Internet (via a web server or other application servers in the Internet demilitarized zone) should be separated from other services, if possible, to prevent Internetborne compromise of some servers from spreading to other services that are not exposed. Traffic between VLANs should be kept to a minimum, unless your security policy dictates service separation. Keeping traffic between servers intra-VLAN will improve performance and reduce the load on network devices.

For this deployment, devices that need an access policy will be deployed on a VLAN behind the firewalls. Devices that require both an access policy and

IPS traffic inspection will be deployed on a different VLAN that exists logically behind Cisco ASAs. Because the Cisco ASAs are physically attached only to the server room switches, these protected VLANs will also exist at Layer 2 on the server room switches. All protected VLANs are logically connected via Layer 3 to the rest of the network through Cisco ASA and, therefore, are reachable only by traversing Cisco ASA.

Security Policy Development

An organization should have an IT security policy as a starting point in defining its firewall policy. If there is no organization-wide security policy, it will be very difficult to define an effective policy for the organization while maintaining a secure computing environment.

Server Room Security

Figure 11 - Whitelist security policy

Reader Tip

A detailed examination of regulatory compliance considerations exceeds the scope of this document. You should include industry regulation in your network security design. Noncompliance may result in regulatory penalties such as fines or suspension of business activity.

Network security policies can be broken down into two basic categories: whitelist policies and blacklist policies. A blacklist policy denies traffic that specifically poses the greatest risk to network resources.

Figure 10 - Blacklist security policy

Telnet

SNMP

Other Data

Inversely, a whitelist policy offers a higher implicit security posture, blocking all traffic except that which must be allowed (at a sufficiently granular level) to enable applications. Other traffic is blocked and does not need to be monitored to ensure that unwanted activity is not occurring; this reduces the volume of data that will be forwarded to an IDS or IPS and minimizes the number of log entries that must be reviewed in the event of an intrusion or data loss.

Xterm

FTP

Microsoft Data

SQL

DNS/HTTP/HTTPS

SNMP

MSRPC

Bypass

Other Data

Whitelist policies can be identified by the last rule of the policy rule-set: whitelist policies always end with a rule to deny any traffic that has not been denied or allowed by previous rules. Cisco ASA firewalls implicitly add a deny-all rule at the end of an access list. Blacklist policies include an explicit rule, prior to the implicit deny-all rule, to allow any traffic that is not explicitly allowed or denied.

A blacklist policy is simpler to maintain and less likely to interfere with network applications. A whitelist policy is the best-practice option if you have the opportunity to examine the network’s requirements and adjust the policy to avoid interfering with desired network activity. Whitelist policies are generally better positioned to meet regulatory requirements because only traffic that must be allowed in order to conduct business is allowed.

Whether you choose a whitelist or blacklist policy basis, IDS or IPS can monitor malicious activity on otherwise trustworthy application traffic. At a minimum, IDS or IPS can aid with forensics to determine the origin of a data breach. IPS can detect and prevent known attacks as they occur and provide detailed information to track the malicious activity to its source. IDS or IPS may also be required by the regulatory oversight to which a network is subject (for example, PCI 2.0).

A blacklist policy that blocks high-risk traffic offers a lower-impact, lesssecure option (as compared to a whitelist policy) in cases where either:

• A detailed study of the network’s application activity is impractical.

• The network availability requirements prohibit application troubleshooting.

February 2013 Series

Server Room Security

If identifying all of the application requirements is not practical, an organization can apply a blacklist policy with logging enabled to develop a detailed study of the policy. With details about its network’s behavior in hand, an organization can more easily develop an effective whitelist policy.

Deployment Details

For deployment in the server room, Cisco ASA 5500-X firewall with IPS will be deployed to enforce the security policy between the network core and the application server network, and between the different application server networks.

Cisco ASA is set up as a highly available active/standby pair. Active/standby:

• Is much simpler than an active/active configuration.

• Allows the use of the same appliance for firewall and VPN (VPN functionality is disabled when Cisco ASA is configured as active/active).

The performance needs in this design do not surpass the performance of a single appliance.

In the event that the active appliance fails or needs to be taken out of service for maintenance, the secondary appliance will take over all firewall and IPS functions.

Cisco ASA is statically routed to the Cisco SBA LAN distribution on the outside interface in order to simplify the routing configuration. A second interface is trunked to the server room switch with a VLAN interface for each application server network.

This design applies the following topology for Cisco ASA firewall connectivity.

Figure 12 - Cisco ASA connectivity for the server room

Cisco

ASA 5500-X

Firewall with IPS

Server Room

Switch Stack

Secure

Servers

Failover

Link

Non-Secure

Servers

LAN

Distribution

Switch

LAN-Facing VLAN (153)

Secure Server VLANs (154-155)

Non-Secure Server VLANs (148-149)

Process

Configuring Firewall Connectivity for the Server Room

1. Configure the LAN distribution layer

2. Configure the server room switch

Complete each of the following procedures in order to configure a resilient pair of Cisco ASA 5500-X for the server room. The Cisco ASA’s network ports are connected as follows:

• GigabitEthernet 0/0 connects to a VLAN trunk port offering connectivity to secure server-room LANs

• GigabitEthernet 0/2 connects via a crossover or straight-through

Ethernet cable to the other Cisco ASA for the failover link

• GigabitEthernet 0/3 connects to an access port on the server room switch for the outside or untrusted-VLAN

February 2013 Series

Server Room Security

Connect all of the ports for each firewall to a different switch in the Cisco

Catalyst 3750-X Series switch stack for resilience.

As described earlier in the Server Room Ethernet LAN Deployment Details, because the server room can be deployed at the main site or a remote site, this guide contains two models for IP addressing. This guide will use the remote-site addressing. Your design requirements for IP addressing and

VLAN numbering may differ.

Table 4 - Server room firewall IP addressing for main-site deployment

VLAN

153

154

155

IP address

10.4.53.1 /25

10.4.54.X /24

10.4.55.X /24

Trust state

Untrusted

Trusted

Trusted

Use

Firewall to core LAN routing

Firewall-protected VLAN

Firewall and IPS-protected

VLAN

Table 5 - Server room firewall IP addressing for remote-site deployment

VLAN

153

154

155

IP address

10.5.26.1 /25

10.5.27.X /24

10.5.28.X /24

Trust state

Untrusted

Trusted

Trusted

Use

Firewall to core LAN routing

Firewall-protected VLAN

Firewall and IPS-protected

VLAN

Table 6 - Common network services used in the deployment examples

Service

Domain name

Active Directory, DNS, DHCP server

Cisco Secure ACS

NTP server

Address

cisco.local

10.4.48.10

10.4.48.15

10.4.48.17

February 2013 Series

Procedure 1 Configure the LAN distribution layer

Configure the LAN distribution layer or collapsed core switch that will provide Layer 3 routing for the server room Cisco ASAs’ LAN-side (untrusted) interfaces and to forward traffic destined to trusted subnets to the firewall.

Step 1:

Define the outside (untrusted) VLAN.

vlan

153

name

FirewallOutsideVLAN

Step 2: Configure the Layer 3 SVI.

interface Vlan

153

description

SR Firewall Outside SVI

ip address

10.5.26.1 255.255.255.128

no shutdown

Step 3: Configure the EtherChannel trunk to the server room switch to carry the outside VLAN. This design adds the VLAN to the EtherChannel link that connects the LAN distribution-layer switch to the server-room switch,

configured in Procedure 6, “Configure LAN distribution layer downlinks.”

interface

Port-channel 12

switchport trunk allowed vlan add

153

Step 4:

Configure static routes pointing to the trusted subnets behind the

Cisco ASA firewalls.

ip route

10.5.27.0 255.255.255.0

Vlan

153 10.5.26.126

ip route

10.5.28.0 255.255.255.0

Vlan

153 10.5.26.126

Step 5: Redistribute the trusted subnets into the existing Enhanced Interior

Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) routing process. This design uses route maps in order to control which static routes are redistributed.

ip access-list standard

trusted_subnets

permit

10.5.27.0 0.0.0.255

permit

10.5.28.0 0.0.0.255

!

route-map

static-to-eigrp

permit

10

match ip address

trusted_subnets

set metric 1000000 10 255 1 1500

!

router eigrp

100

redistribute static route-map

static-to-eigrp

Server Room Security

Procedure 2 Configure the server room switch

This procedure will create all VLANs required for the server room firewall deployment, configure the trunk to the LAN distribution layer to carry the outside VLAN, configure the outside (untrusted) VLAN ports for connectivity to the Cisco ASA firewalls, and configure the inside (trusted) VLAN trunk to connect to the ASA firewalls.

For resilience, you configure all of the ports for each firewall to a different switch in the Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series switch stack.

Step 1: Configure the untrusted and trusted VLANs.

vlan

153

name

FirewallOutsideVLAN

vlan

154

name

FirewallSecVLAN

vlan

155

name

FirewallIPSSecVLAN

Step 2: Configure the server-room switch EtherChannel trunk to the LAN distribution-layer switch so that it carries the outside VLAN. This design adds the VLAN to the EtherChannel trunk between the server room switch

and LAN distribution-layer switch, configured in Procedure 4, “Configure server room uplink ports.”

interface

Port-channel 12

switchport trunk allowed vlan add

153

Step 3: If the existing switch ports are set up with a server room client edge port configuration, use the default interface command prior to setting up the ports for connection to Cisco ASAs. This clears any existing configuration on the port. default interface GigabitEthernet

[slot/port]

Step 4: Configure a pair of Ethernet ports on the server room switch to connect to the Cisco ASAs’ LAN-side (untrusted) interfaces. The first or primary appliance will be on switch 1, and the secondary appliance will be on switch

2 of the Catalyst 3750-X Series switch stack.

interface

GigabitEthernet1/0/47

description

SR-ASA5500a outside gi 0/3

!

February 2013 Series interface

GigabitEthernet2/0/47

description

SR-ASA5500b outside gi 0/3

!

interface range

GigabitEthernet1/0/47,GigabitEthernet2/0/47

switchport

switchport access vlan

153

switchport mode access

spanning-tree portfast

macro apply

EgressQoS

In this configuration, multiple VLAN subinterfaces are trunked from the

Cisco ASA units’ GigabitEthernet 0/0 inside interfaces to the server room switches. VLANs 154 and 155 provide connections for two different application server networks, with different security policy requirements for each.

Step 5: Configure the server room switch to be the spanning-tree root for the inside (trusted) VLANs. Because the VLANs do not trunk to the LAN distribution layer, the server room switch will be the spanning-tree root.

spanning-tree vlan

154-155

root primary

Step 6: Configure server room switch interfaces to connect to the inside interfaces of the Cisco ASA server room firewall.

interface

GigabitEthernet1/0/48

description

SR-ASA5500a inside gi 0/0

!

interface

GigabitEthernet2/0/48

description

SR-ASA5500b inside gi 0/0

!

interface range

GigabitEthernet1/0/48,GigabitEthernet2/0/48

switchport

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan

154-155

switchport mode trunk

spanning-tree portfast trunk

macro apply

EgressQoS

Server Room Security

Process

Configuring the Server Room Firewall

1. Apply Cisco ASA initial configuration

2. Configure the firewall outside port

3. Configure user authentication

4. Configure time synchronization and logging

5. Configure device management protocols

6. Configure the Cisco ASAs’ inside interfaces

7. Configure the firewall static route

Configuration for this process is applied using CLI through the console port on the Cisco ASA firewall that is the primary unit of the high-availability pair.

The standby unit synchronizes the configuration from the primary unit when it is programmed in the next process, “Configuring Firewall High Availability.”

The factory default password for enable mode is <CR>.

Table 7 - Cisco ASA 5500X firewall and IPS module IP addressing

Cisco ASA firewall failover assignment

Primary

Secondary

ASA firewall IP address

10.5.26.126 /25

10.5.26.125 /25

IPS module management interface IP address

10.5.7.21 /25

10.5.7.22 /25

Procedure 1 Apply Cisco ASA initial configuration

Initial configuration is applied using the CLI on the primary Cisco ASA (of the high-availability pair) only.

Step 1: In response to the prompt, “Pre-configure Firewall now through interactive prompts,” answer no . This prompt appears on new Cisco ASAs that have never been configured.

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Pre-configure Firewall now through interactive prompts [yes]?

no

Step 2: Enter configuration mode.

configure terminal

Step 3: You are given a choice to enable anonymous reporting of error and health information to Cisco. Select the choice appropriate for your organization’s security policy.

************************* NOTICE **************************

Help to improve the ASA platform by enabling anonymous reporting, which allows Cisco to securely receive minimal error and health information from the device. To learn more about this feature, please visit: http://www.cisco.com/go/ smartcall

Would you like to enable anonymous error reporting to help improve the product? [Y]es, [N]o, [A]sk later:

N

Step 4: Configure the host name for Cisco ASA.

hostname

SR-ASA5500X

Step 5: Enable the dedicated management interface, and then remove any

IP address for use as the IPS management port. interface Management0/0

nameif IPS-mgmt

no ip address

no shutdown

Step 6: Configure an administrative username and password. username

admin

password

[password]

privilege 15

Server Room Security

Tech Tip

All passwords in this document are examples and should not be used in production configurations. Follow your company’s policy, or—if no policy exists—create a password using a minimum of eight characters with a combination of uppercase, lowercase, and numbers.

Tech Tip

The interfaces have a standby IP address in addition to the main

IP address. This is part of the firewall failover configuration that is used to determine whether the interface is connected and available to the network. Interfaces that will not be monitored do not need a standby address.

Procedure 2 Configure the firewall outside port

Next, you configure the firewall so that the interfaces connected to the server room switch are the untrusted side of the firewall connected to the server room switch ports that have been configured for the outside VLAN.

Step 1: Configure Ethernet 0/3 as the outside interface connected to the server room switch outside interfaces. The default outside security-level setting, 0 , is applied automatically. interface

GigabitEthernet0/3

nameif

outside

ip address

10.5.26.126 255.255.255.128

standby

10.5.26.125

no shutdown

All Cisco ASA interfaces have a security-level setting. The higher the number, the more secure the interface. Inside interfaces are typically assigned

100, the highest security level. Outside interfaces are always assigned 0.

By default, traffic can pass from a high-security interface to a lower-security interface. In other words, traffic from an inside network is permitted to an outside network, but not conversely.

Procedure 3 Configure user authentication

(Optional)

If you want to reduce operational tasks per device, configure centralized user authentication by using the TACACS+ protocol to authenticate management logins on the infrastructure devices to the AAA server.

As networks scale in the number of devices to maintain, the operational burden to maintain local user accounts on every device also scales. A centralized AAA service reduces operational tasks per device and provides an audit log of user access for security compliance and root-cause analysis.

When AAA is enabled for access control, it controls all management access to the network infrastructure devices (SSH and HTTPS).

Reader Tip

The AAA server used in this architecture is Cisco Secure ACS.

Configuration of Cisco Secure ACS is discussed in the Cisco

SBA—Borderless Networks Device Management Using ACS

Deployment Guide.

TACACS+ is the primary protocol used to authenticate management logins on the infrastructure devices to the AAA server. A local AAA user database was defined already in order to provide a fallback authentication source in case the centralized TACACS+ server is unavailable.

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Server Room Security

Step 1: Configure the TACACS+ server.

aaa-server

AAA-SERVER

protocol tacacs+ aaa-server

AAA-SERVER

(outside) host

10.4.48.15

SecretKey

Step 2: Configure the appliance’s management authentication to use the

TACACS+ server first and then use the local user database if the TACACS+ server is unavailable.

aaa authentication enable console

AAA-SERVER

LOCAL aaa authentication ssh console

AAA-SERVER

LOCAL aaa authentication http console

AAA-SERVER

LOCAL aaa authentication serial console

AAA-SERVER

LOCAL

Step 3: Configure the appliance to use AAA to authorize management users.

aaa authorization exec authentication-server

Tech Tip

User authorization on the Cisco ASA firewall (unlike Cisco IOS devices) does not automatically present the user with the enable prompt if they have a privilege level of 15.

Procedure 4 Configure time synchronization and logging

Logging and monitoring are critical aspects of network security devices to support troubleshooting and policy-compliance auditing.

The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is designed to synchronize time across a network of devices. An NTP network usually gets its time from an authoritative time source, such as a radio clock or an atomic clock attached to a time server. NTP then distributes this time across the organization’s network.

Network devices should be programmed to synchronize to a local NTP server in the network. The local NTP server typically references a more accurate clock feed from an outside source.

There is a range of detail that can be logged on the appliance. Informationallevel logging provides the ideal balance between detail and log-message volume. Lower log levels produce fewer messages, but they do not produce enough detail to effectively audit network activity. Higher log levels produce a larger volume of messages, but they do not add sufficient value to justify the number of messages logged.

Step 1: Configure the NTP server IP address.

ntp server

10.4.48.17

Step 2: Configure the time zone.

clock timezone

PST -8 0

clock summer-time

PDT

recurring

Step 3: Configure which logs to store on the appliance.

logging enable logging buffered informational

Procedure 5 Configure device management protocols

Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (Cisco ASDM) requires that the appliance’s HTTPS server be available. Be sure that the configuration includes networks where administrative staff has access to the device through Cisco ASDM; the appliance can offer controlled Cisco

ASDM access for a single address or management subnet (in this case,

10.4.48.0/24).

HTTPS and SSH are more secure replacements for the HTTP and Telnet protocols. They use SSL and TLS to provide device authentication and data encryption.

Use SSH and HTTPS protocols in order to more securely manage the device. Both protocols are encrypted for privacy, and the unsecure protocols (Telnet and HTTP) are turned off.

SNMP is enabled to allow the network infrastructure devices to be managed by a network management system (NMS). SNMPv2c is configured for a read-only community string.

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Step 1: Allow internal administrators to remotely manage the appliance over

HTTPS and SSH. domain-name

cisco.local

http server enable http

10.4.48.0 255.255.255.0 outside

ssh

10.4.48.0 255.255.255.0 outside

ssh version 2

Step 2: Specify the list of supported SSL encryption algorithms for Cisco

ADSM.

ssl encryption

aes256-sha1 aes128-sha1 3des-sha1

Step 3: Configure the appliance to allow SNMP polling from the NMS.

snmp-server host outside

10.4.48.35

community

[cisco]

snmp-server community

[cisco]

Procedure 6 Configure the Cisco ASAs’ inside interfaces

A pair of Ethernet VLAN trunks is used to connect the Cisco ASAs’ inside interfaces to the server room switch ports configured for the inside VLANs

in Step 6 of Procedure 2, “Configure the server room switch.” VLAN trunks

allow flexibility to offer connectivity for multiple trusted VLANs, as needed.

The firewalls carry two inside subinterfaces, VLAN 154 and VLAN 155, on the interface.

Step 1: Clear any name, security-level, and IP address settings, and then enable the interface.

interface

GigabitEthernet0/0

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

no shutdown

Step 2: Configure the firewalls’ inside subinterfaces for connectivity to the trusted VLANs on the LAN core switch. interface

GigabitEthernet0/0.154

vlan

154

nameif

SRVLAN154

security-level

100

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ip address

10.5.27.1 255.255.255.0

standby

10.5.27.2

! interface

GigabitEthernet0/0.155

vlan

155

nameif

SRVLAN155

security-level

100

ip address

10.5.28.1 255.255.255.0

standby

10.5.28.2

Procedure 7 Configure the firewall static route

The server room Cisco ASA unit will be the default router for the internal application server networks and will statically route to the core network on the outside interface for networks outside of the server room.

Step 1: On the Cisco ASA, configure a static route pointing to the VLAN 153

SVI address of the LAN distribution layer, configured in Step 2 of Procedure

1, “Configure the LAN distribution layer.”

route

outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.5.26.1 1

Process

Configuring Firewall High Availability

1. Configure HA on the primary appliance

2. Configure HA on the secondary appliance

Cisco ASAs are set up as a highly available active/standby pair. Active/ standby is used, rather than an active/active configuration, because this allows the same appliance to be used for firewall and VPN services if required in the future (VPN functionality is disabled on the appliance in active/active configuration). In the event that the active appliance fails or needs to be taken out of service for maintenance, the secondary appliance assumes all active firewall and IPS functions. In an active/standby configuration, only one device is passing traffic at a time; thus, Cisco ASAs must be sized so that the entire traffic load can be handled by either device in the pair.

Server Room Security

Both units in the failover pair must be the same model, with identical feature licenses and IPS modules (if the software module is installed). For failover to be enabled, the secondary Cisco ASA unit needs to be powered up and cabled to the same networks as the primary unit.

One interface on each Cisco ASA is configured as the state-synchronization interface, which the appliances use to share configuration updates, determine which device in the high-availability pair is active, and exchange state information for active connections. The failover interface carries the state synchronization information. All session state data is replicated from the active to the standby unit though this interface. There can be a substantial amount of data, and it is recommended that this be a dedicated interface.

By default, the appliance can take from 2 to 25 seconds to recover from a failure. Tuning the failover poll times can reduce that to 0.5 to 5 seconds.

On an appropriately sized Cisco ASA unit, the poll times can be tuned down without performance impact to the appliance, which minimizes the downtime a user experiences during failover. It is recommended that you do not reduce the failover timer intervals below the values in this guide.

Procedure 1 Configure HA on the primary appliance

Step 1: Enable failover on the primary Cisco ASA unit, and then assign it as the primary unit.

failover failover lan unit primary

Step 2: Configure the failover interface.

failover lan interface failover

GigabitEthernet0/2

failover replication http failover key

SecretKey

failover link failover

GigabitEthernet0/2

Step 3: If you want to speed up failover in the event of a device or link failure, tune the failover timers. With the default setting, depending on the failure, Cisco ASA can take from 2 to 25 seconds to fail over to the standby unit. Tuning the failover poll times can reduce that to 0.5 to 5 seconds, depending on the failure.

failover polltime unit msec 200 holdtime msec 800 failover polltime interface msec 500 holdtime 5

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Step 4: Configure the failover interface IP address.

failover interface ip failover

10.5.26.130 255.255.255.252

standby

10.5.26.129

Step 5: Enable the failover interface.

interface

GigabitEthernet0/2

no shutdown

Step 6: Configure failover to monitor the outside interface.

monitor-interface

outside

Step 7: Configure failover to monitor the inside interfaces.

monitor-interface

SRVLAN154

monitor-interface

SRVLAN155

Procedure 2 Configure HA on the secondary appliance

Step 1: On the secondary Cisco ASA unit, enable failover, and then assign it as the secondary unit.

failover failover lan unit secondary

Step 2: Configure the failover interface.

failover lan interface failover

GigabitEthernet0/2

failover replication http failover key

SecretKey

failover link failover

GigabitEthernet0/2

Step 3: Configure the failover interface IP address.

failover interface ip failover

10.5.26.130 255.255.255.252

standby

10.5.26.129

Step 4: Enable the failover interface. The Cisco ASA units synchronize their configuration from the primary unit to the secondary.

interface

GigabitEthernet0/2

no shutdown

Server Room Security

Step 5: Verify standby synchronization between the Cisco ASA units.

On the primary appliance, in the command-line interface, issue the show failover state command.

SR-ASA5500X# show failover state

State Last Failure Reason Date/Time

This host - Primary

Active None

Other host - Secondary

Standby Ready None

====Configuration State===

Sync Done

====Communication State===

Mac set

Step 6: On the primary appliance, save your Cisco ASA firewall configuration. This will save the configuration on the primary and secondary ASA firewalls.

copy running-config startup-config

Process

Evaluating and Deploying Firewall Security Policy

1. Evaluate security policy requirements

2. Deploy the appropriate security policy

This process describes the steps required to evaluate which type of policy fits an organization’s security requirements for a server room and provides the procedures necessary to apply these policies.

Procedure 1 Evaluate security policy requirements

Step 1: Evaluate security policy requirements by answering the following questions:

• What applications will be served from the secure server room?

• Can the applications’ traffic be characterized at the protocol level?

• Is a detailed description of application behavior available to facilitate troubleshooting if the security policy interferes with the application?

• What is the network’s baseline performance expectation between the controlled and uncontrolled portions of the network?

• What is the peak level of throughput that security controls will be expected to handle, including bandwidth-intensive activity such as workstation backups or data transfers to a secondary data replication site?

Step 2: For each server room VLAN, determine which security policy enables application requirements. Each firewall VLAN requires either a permissive (blacklist) or restrictive (whitelist) security policy.

Procedure 2 Deploy the appropriate security policy

Network security policy configuration can vary greatly among organizations and is dependent on the policy and management requirements of the organization. Thus, examples here should be used as a basis for security policy configuration.

After the system setup and high availability is complete via CLI, you will use the integrated GUI management tool, Cisco ASDM, to program the following security policies:

• Network Objects such as hosts and IP subnets

• Firewall access rules

If you are deploying a whitelist security policy, complete Option 1 of this procedure. If you are deploying a blacklist security policy, complete Option

2 of this procedure.

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Server Room Security

Option 1. Deploy a whitelist security policy

A basic whitelist data-service policy can be applied to allow common protocols such as HTTP and HTTPS access to your servers.

Table 8 - Sample policies for servers

Source

Any

Any

Any

Any

IT_

Management_

Host_Range

Destination

IT_Web_Server

Finance_Web_

Server

Hr_Web_Server

IP address

10.5.27.80

10.5.27.81

Protocols

Allowed

http, https http, https

Research_Web_

Server

10.5.28.80

10.5.28.81

http, https http, https

Server Room VLANs 10.4.48.224 – 254 ssh, snmp

Step 1: Using a secure HTTP session (https://10.5.26.126), navigate to the

Cisco ASA firewall outside interface programmed in Procedure 2, “Configure the firewall outside port,” and then click

Run ASDM . Cisco ASDM starts from a Java Web Start application.

Step 2: Enter the username and password configured for the Cisco ASA

firewall in Step 6 of Procedure 1, “Apply Cisco ASA initial configuration.”

Step 3: In the Cisco ASDM work pane, navigate to Configuration > Firewall

> Objects > Network Objects/Groups .

Step 4: Click Add > Network Object .

Step 5: In the Add Network Object dialog box, enter the following information, and then press OK :

• Name— IT_Web_Server

• Type— Host

• IP Version— IPv4

• IP Address— 10.5.27.80

• Description— IT Web Server

Next you will create an access list to permit HTTP and HTTPS traffic from the outside to the server.

Step 6:

Navigate to

Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules

.

Step 7:

Click

Add > Add Access Rule

.

Step 8:

In the Add Access Rule dialog box, enter the following information, and then click

OK

:

• Interface—

Any

• Action—

Permit

• Source— any

• Destination—

IT_Web_Server

• Service— tcp/http

and tcp/https

• Description—

HTTP and HTTPS to IT Web Server

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Server Room Security

Step 13: In the Add Network Object dialog box, enter the following information, and then click OK :

• Name— IT_Management_Host_Range

• Type— Range

• IP Version— IPv4

• Start Address— 10.4.48.224

• End Address— 10.4.48.254

• Description— IT Management Systems Range

Step 9: In the Access Rules pane, click Apply . This saves the configuration.

Step 10:

Repeat Step 3 through Step 9 for the remaining servers.

Next specify which resources certain users (for example, IT management staff or network users) can use to access management resources. In this example, management hosts in the IP address range 10.4.48.224–254 are allowed SSH and SNMP access to server room subnets.

Step 11: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Network

Objects/Groups .

Step 12: Click Add > Network Object .

Next you will create a service group containing SSH and SNMP protocols, and you create an access list to permit the SSH and SNMP traffic service group from the network management range to the server subnets.

Step 14: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Service

Objects/Groups.

Step 15: Click Add > Service Group.

Step 16: In the Add Service Group dialog box, enter the following information:

• Group Name— Mgmt-Traffic

• Description— Management Traffic SSH and SNMP

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Server Room Security

Step 17: In the Existing Service/Service Group list, select tcp > ssh and udp > snmp , click Add , and then click OK .

Step 18: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules .

Step 19: Click Add > Add Access Rule .

Step 20: In the Add Access Rule dialog box, enter the following information, and then click OK :

• Interface— outside

• Action— Permit

• Source— IT_Management_Host_Range

• Destination— SRVLAN154 and SRVLAN155

• Service— Mgmt-Traffic

• Description— Permit Mgmt Traffic from Mgmt Range to SR VLANS

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Step 21: In the Access Rules pane, click Apply . This saves the configuration.

Option 2. Deploy a blacklist security policy

If an organization does not have the desire or resources to maintain a granular, restrictive policy to control access between centralized data and the user community, a simpler, easy-to-deploy policy that limits only the highest-risk traffic may be more attractive. This policy is typically configured such that only specific services’ access is blocked; all other traffic is permitted.

In this example, we will allow SNMP queries and SSH requests for a specific address range that will be allocated for IT staff. Network administrative users may need to issue SNMP queries from desktop computers in order to monitor network activity and SSH in order to connect to devices.

Step 1: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Network

Objects/Groups .

Server Room Security

Step 2: Click Add > Network Object .

Step 3: In the Add Network Object dialog box, enter the following information, and then click OK :

• Name— IT_Management_Host_Range

• Type— Range

• IP Version— IPv4

• Start Address— 10.4.48.224

• End Address— 10.4.48.254

• Description— IT Management Systems Range

Step 7: In the Existing Service/Service Group list, select tcp > ssh and udp

> snmp , click Add , and then click OK .

Next you will create a service group containing SSH and SNMP protocols, and you create an access list to permit the SSH and SNMP traffic service group from the network management range to the server subnets.

Step 4: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Objects > Service Objects/

Groups .

Step 5: Click Add > Service Group .

Step 6: In the Add Service Group dialog box, enter the following information:

• Group Name— Mgmt-Traffic

• Description— Management Traffic SSH and SNMP

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Step 8: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules .

Step 9: Click Add > Add Access Rule .

Step 10: In the Add Access Rule dialog box, enter the following information, and then click OK :

• Interface— outside

• Action— Permit

• Source— IT_Management_Host_Range

• Destination— SRVLAN154 and SRVLAN155

• Service— Mgmt-Traffic

• Description— Permit SSH and SNMP from Mgmt to SR VLANS

Server Room Security

Next, you block SSH, and SNMP to and from all other hosts.

Step 11: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules .

Step 12: Click Add > Add Access Rule .

Step 13: In the Add Access Rule dialog box, enter the following information, and then click OK :

• Interface— any

• Action— Deny

• Source— any

• Destination— any

• Service— Mgmt-Traffic

• Description— Deny SSH and SNMP from all other hosts

Step 14: Finally, for the Blacklist security policy, you add a rule to allow all other traffic to pass to the server room VLANs.

Step 15: Navigate to Configuration > Firewall > Access Rules .

Step 16: Click Add > Add Access Rule .

Step 17: In the Add Access Rule dialog box, enter the following information, and then click OK :

• Interface— any

• Action— Permit

• Source— any

• Destination— SRVLAN154 and SRVLAN155

• Description— Permit all other traffic to SR VLANs

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Step 18: In the Access Rules pane, click Apply . This saves the configuration.

Process

Deploying Firewall Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS)

1. Configure the LAN switch access port

2. Initialize the IPS module

3. Apply initial configuration

4. Complete basic configuration

5. Modify the inline security policy

From a security standpoint, intrusion detection systems (IDS) and intrusion prevention systems (IPS) are complementary to firewalls because firewalls are generally access-control devices that are built to block access to an application or host. In this way, a firewall can be used to remove access to a large number of application ports, reducing the threat to the servers. IDS and IPS sensors look for attacks in network and application traffic that is permitted to go through the firewall. If an IDS-configured sensor detects an attack, it generates an alert to inform the organization about the activity. An

IPS-configured sensor is similar in that it generates alerts due to malicious activity and, additionally, it can apply an action to block the attack before it reaches the destination.

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Server Room Security

Promiscuous versus Inline Deployment Modes

There are two primary deployment modes when using IPS sensors: promis-

cuous (IDS) or inline (IPS). There are specific reasons for each deployment model, based on risk tolerance and fault tolerance:

• In promiscuous mode (IDS), the sensor inspects copies of packets, which prevents it from being able to stop a malicious packet when it sees one. An IDS sensor must use another inline enforcement device in order to stop malicious traffic. This means that for activity such as single-packet attacks (for example, slammer worm over User Datagram

Protocol [UDP]), an IDS sensor could not prevent the attack from occurring. However, an IDS sensor can offer great value when identifying and cleaning up infected hosts.

• In an inline (IPS) deployment, because the packet flow is sent through the sensor and returned to Cisco ASA, the sensor inspects the actual data packets. The advantage IPS mode offers is that when the sensor detects malicious behavior, the sensor can simply drop the malicious packet. This allows the IPS device a much greater capacity to actually prevent attacks.

Deployment Considerations

Use IDS when you do not want to impact the availability of the network or create latency issues. Use IPS when you need higher security than IDS can provide and when you need the ability to drop malicious data packets.

The secure server room design using Cisco ASA 5500-X Series with IPS implements a policy for IPS, which sends all traffic to the IPS module inline.

Your organization may choose an IPS or IDS deployment, depending on regulatory and application requirements. It is very easy to initially deploy an

IDS, or promiscuous, design and then move to IPS after you understand the traffic and performance profile of your network and you are comfortable that production traffic will not be affected.

Procedure 1 Configure the LAN switch access port

A LAN switch port on the server room switch provides connectivity for the

IPS sensor’s management interface.

Step 1: Configure an access port to the management VLAN on the server room switch where each IPS device’s management port will be connected.

On Cisco ASA 5500X Series firewalls, the firewall and IPS modules share a single management interface. This deployment uses the management interface for IPS module access only. The server room management VLAN

was defined in Procedure 3, “Apply the switch global configuration,” in the

“Server Room Ethernet LAN” chapter of this guide.

interface GigabitEthernet

1/0/6

description

SR-5500X-IPSa

!

interface GigabitEthernet

2/0/6

description

SR-5500X-IPSb

!

Interface range

GigabitEthernet1/0/6, Gigabit Ethernet 2/0/6

switchport

switchport access vlan

106

switchport mode access

switchport host

Tech Tip

The IPS module and Cisco ASA share the same physical port for management traffic. In this deployment, Cisco ASA is managed in-band, and the IPS, either module or appliance, is always managed from the dedicated management port.

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Server Room Security

Procedure 2 Initialize the IPS module

When a Cisco ASA 5500-X Series with IPS is initially deployed, the software

IPS module may not be initialized, resulting in the Cisco ASA firewall being unaware of what code version to boot for the IPS module. Verify the IPS module status and prepare for configuration by following this procedure.

Step 1: From the Cisco ASA command line, check the status of the IPS module software.

SR-ASA5500X#

show module ips detail

Step 2: If the status shown below is Up , the IPS module software has

already been loaded. Skip to Procedure 3.

SR-ASA5500X# show module ips detail

Getting details from the Service Module, please wait...

Card Type: ASA 5545-X IPS Security Services Processor

Model: ASA5545-IPS

Hardware version: N/A

Serial Number: FCH161170MA

Firmware version: N/A

Software version: 7.1(4)E4

MAC Address Range: c464.1339.a354 to c464.1339.a354

App. name: IPS

App. Status: Up

App. Status Desc: Normal Operation

App. version: 7.1(4)E4

Data Plane Status: Up

Status: Up

If the status shown below is Status: Unresponsive No Image Present , the

IPS module software has never been loaded. Proceed to the next step.

SR-ASA5500X# show module ips detail

Getting details from the Service Module, please wait...

Unable to read details from module ips

Card Type: Unknown

Model: N/A

Hardware version: N/A

February 2013 Series

Serial Number: FCH16097J3F

Firmware version: N/A

Software version:

MAC Address Range: c464.1339.2cf1 to c464.1339.2cf1

Data Plane Status: Not Applicable

Status: Unresponsive No Image Present

...

Step 3: Verify that you have the correct IPS image on the Cisco ASA firewall disk0:.

Tech Tip

IPS recovery requires an image with file extension .aip

IPS upgrades require an image with file extension .pkgdis

The two image types are incompatible, and the correct type must be used for each type of operation.

Software installation and upgrade information for Cisco ASA-

5500X Series can be found at: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/docs/security/asa/asa84/ release/notes/asarn86.html

SR-ASA5500X# dir

Directory of disk0:/

2 drwx 4096 17:06:58 Apr 15 2012 log

5 drwx 4096 17:07:12 Apr 15 2012 crypto_archive

14 drwx 4096 17:07:14 Apr 15 2012 coredumpinfo

115 -rwx 34523136 17:08:56 Apr 15 2012 asa901-smp-k8.bin

116 -rwx 42637312 17:11:28 Apr 15 2012 IPS-SSP_5525-K9sys-1.1-a-7.1-6-E4.aip

Server Room Security

Step 4: Configure the IPS module to load the software on disk0:, and then boot with that software.

SR-ASA5500X#

sw-module module ips recover configure image disk0:/IPS-SSP_5525-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.1-6-E4.aip

SR-ASA5500X#

sw-module module ips recover boot

Module ips will be recovered. This may erase all configuration and all data on that device and attempt to download/install a new image for it. This may take several minutes.

Recover module ips? [confirm]

y

Recover issued for module ips.

The recovery process takes several minutes to complete.

Step 5: Check that the module was loaded correctly.

SR-ASA5500X#

show module ips detail

The output should display the line Status: Up .

Procedure 3 Apply initial configuration

Use the sensor’s CLI in order to set up basic networking information, specifically: the IP address, gateway address, and access lists that allow remote access. After these critical pieces of data are entered, the rest of the configuration is accomplished by using Cisco Adaptive Security Device

Manager/IPS Device Manager (ASDM/IDM), the embedded GUI console.

Table 9 - IP addressing for the Cisco ASA 5500X Series IPS module

Cisco ASA firewall failover assignment

Primary

Secondary

IPS module management interface

IP address

10.5.7.21 /25

10.5.7.22 /25

Step 1:

From Cisco ASA, open a session into the module.

After logging into the Cisco ASA firewall appliance, access the IPS module.

SR-ASA5500X# session ips

Opening command session with module ips.

Connected to module ips. Escape character sequence is ‘CTRL-

^X’.

February 2013 Series

Step 2: Log in to the IPS module. The default username and password are both cisco. login: cisco

Password:

[password]

If this is the first time the sensor has been logged into, you are prompted to change the password. Enter the current password, and then input a new password. Change the password to a value that complies with the security policy of your organization.

Step 3: Begin entering setup script information. If this is the first configuration on the IPS system, it will automatically begin the setup script.

If the unit does not automatically begin the setup script, at the IPS module’s

CLI, launch the System Configuration Dialogue by typing setup .

sensor# setup

The IPS module enters interactive setup.

Step 4: Define the IPS module’s host name.

--- Basic Setup ---

--- System Configuration Dialog ---

At any point you may enter a question mark ‘?’ for help.

Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.

Default settings are in square brackets ‘[]’.

Current time: Mon May 21 06:08:50 2012

Setup Configuration last modified: Mon May 21 05:48:45 2012

Enter host name [sensor]:

SR-IPS-A

Step 5: Define the IP address and gateway address for the IPS module’s external management port.

Enter IP interface [192.168.1.62/24,192.168.1.250]:

10.5.7.21/25,10.5.7.1

Step 6: Define the access list, and then press Enter . This controls management access to the IPS module. Press Enter at a blank Permit: prompt to go to the next step.

Modify current access list?[no]:

yes

Current access list entries:

No entries

Permit:

10.4.48.0/24

Server Room Security

Step 7: Define the DNS server address and then accept the default answer

(no) for the next two questions.

Use DNS server for Global Correlation? [no]: yes

DNS server IP address[]:

10.4.48.10

Use HTTP proxy server for Global Correlation? [no]:

Modify system clock settings?[no]:

Note the following:

• An HTTP proxy server address is not needed for a network that is configured according to this guide.

• You will configure time details in the IPS module’s GUI console.

Step 8: For the option to participate in the SensorBase Network, enter partial and agree to participate based on your security policy.

Participation in the SensorBase Network allows Cisco to collect aggregated statistics about traffic sent to your IPS.

SensorBase Network Participation level? [off]:

partial

....

Do you agree to participate in the SensorBase Network?[no]:

yes

....

The IPS module displays your configuration and a brief menu with four options.

Step 9: In the System Configuration dialog, save your configuration and exit setup by entering 2 .

The following configuration was entered.

service host network-settings host-ip 10.5.7.21/25,10.5.7.1

host-name SR-IPS-A telnet-option disabled access-list 10.4.48.0/24 ftp-timeout 300 no login-banner-text dns-primary-server disabled dns-secondary-server disabled dns-tertiary-server disabled http-proxy no-proxy

February 2013 Series exit time-zone-settings offset 0 standard-time-zone-name UTC exit summertime-option disabled ntp-option disabled exit service global-correlation network-participation off exit

[0] Go to the command prompt without saving this config.

[1] Return to setup without saving this config.

[2] Save this configuration and exit setup.

[3] Continue to Advanced setup.

Enter your selection[3]:

2

Warning: DNS or HTTP proxy is required for global correlation inspection and reputation filtering, but no DNS or proxy servers are defined.

--- Configuration Saved ---

Complete the advanced setup using CLI or IDM.

To use IDM,point your web browser at https://<sensor-ipaddress>.

Step 10: To return to the Cisco ASA command line, type exit .

Step 11:

Repeat Step 1 through Step 10, for the IPS sensor installed in the other Cisco ASA chassis. In Step 4, assign a unique host name (Example:

SR-IPS-B), and then in Step 5, be sure to use a different IP address

(Example: 10.5.7.22) on the other sensor’s management interface.

Server Room Security

Procedure 4 Complete basic configuration

After the basic setup in the System Configuration Dialog is complete, you will use the startup wizard in the integrated management tool, Cisco ASDM/

IDM, to complete the following tasks in order to complete a basic IPS configuration:

• Configure time settings

• Configure DNS and NTP servers

• Define a basic IDS configuration

• Configure inspection service rule policy

• Assign interfaces to virtual sensors

Using Cisco ASDM to configure the IPS module operation allows the GUI to set up the communications path from the Cisco ASA firewall to the IPS module, as well as configure the IPS module settings.

Step 1: Using a secure HTTP session (https://10.5.26.126), navigate to the

Cisco ASA firewall outside interface programmed in Procedure 2, “Configure the firewall outside port,” and then click

Run ASDM . Cisco ASDM starts from a Java Web Start application.

Step 2: Enter the username and password configured for the Cisco ASA

firewall in Step 6 of Procedure 1, “Apply Cisco ASA initial configuration.”

Step 3: In the Cisco ASDM work pane, click the Intrusion Prevention tab, enter the IP address, username, and password that you configured for IPS-A access, and then click Continue .

Cisco ASDM downloads the IPS information from the appliance for

SR-IPS-A.

Step 4: Click Configuration , navigate to the IPS tab, and then click Launch

Startup Wizard .

February 2013 Series

Server Room Security

Step 5: Follow the instructions in the wizard. Note the following:

• On the Sensor Setup page, verify the settings, and then click Next .

• On the next Sensor Setup page, in the Zone Name list, select the appropriate time zone. Enter the NTP Server IP address (Example:

10.4.48.17), ensure the Authenticated NTP is cleared, set the summertime settings, and then click Next .

February 2013 Series

Tech Tip

NTP is particularly important for security event correlation if you use a Security Event Information Manager product to monitor security activity on your network.

Server Room Security

• On the Virtual Sensors page, click Next .

• On the Signatures page, click Next .

• On the Traffic Allocation page, click Add .

In the Specify traffic for IPS Scan dialog box, in the Interface list, choose

SRVLAN155 , and next to Traffic Inspection Mode, select Inline , and then click OK .

February 2013 Series

Server Room Security

At the bottom of the Traffic Allocation page, click Next .

Step 10: In the Edit Virtual Sensor dialog box, for the PortChannel0/0 interface, select Assigned , and then click OK .

• Configure the IPS device to automatically pull updates from Cisco.

com. On the Auto Update page, select Enable Signature and Engine

Updates . Provide a valid cisco.com username and password that holds entitlement to download IPS software updates. Select Daily , enter a time between 12:00 AM and 4:00 AM for the update Start Time , and then select Every Day . Click Finish .

Step 6: When you are prompted if you want to commit your changes to the sensor, click Yes . ASDM/IDM applies your changes and replies with an message that a reboot is required.

Step 7: Click OK . Do not reboot the IPS sensor yet.

Next, you assign interfaces to the virtual sensor.

Step 8: Navigate to Sensor Setup > Policies > IPS Policies .

Step 9: Highlight the vs0 virtual sensor, and then click Edit .

February 2013 Series

Server Room Security

Step 11: Click Apply .

Tech Tip

Do not attempt to modify the firewall configuration on the standby appliance. Configuration changes are only made on the primary appliance.

Next, you reboot the sensor.

Step 12:

Navigate to

Sensor Management > Reboot Sensor

, click

Reboot

Sensor

, and then click

OK

to approve.

Procedure 5 Modify the inline security policy

(Optional)

If you opted to run inline mode on an IPS device, the sensor is configured to drop high-risk traffic. By default, this means that if an alert fires with a risk rating of at least 90 or if the traffic comes from an IP address with a negative reputation that raises the risk rating to 90 or higher, the sensor drops the traffic. If the risk rating is raised to 100 because of the source address reputation score, then the sensor drops all traffic from that IP address.

The chances of the IPS dropping traffic that is not malicious when using a risk threshold of 90 is very low. However, if you want to adopt a more conservative policy, for the risk threshold, raise the value to 100.

Step 1: In Cisco ASDM, navigate to Configuration > IPS > Policies > IPS

Policies .

Step 2: In the Virtual Sensor panel, right-click the vs0 entry, and then select

Edit .

Step 13:

Repeat the steps in this procedure for the IPS module in the second Cisco ASA firewall. There is no configuration synchronization between the two IPS modules like there is between the Cisco ASA firewalls. Note

that in Step 1, navigate to the second firewall’s outside IP address, and then

launch Cisco ASDM. (Example: https://10.5.26.125).

February 2013 Series

Server Room Security

Step 3: In the Event Action Rule work pane, click Deny Packet Inline (Inline) , and then click Delete .

Step 5: In the Add Event Action Override dialog box, in the Risk Rating list, enter new value of 100-100 , select Deny Packet Inline , and then click OK .

Step 4: In the Event Action Rule work pane, Click Add .

February 2013 Series

Step 6:

In the Edit Virtual Sensor pane, click

OK

.

Step 7:

Click

Apply

.

Step 8:

For the secondary sensor, repeat Step 1 through Step 7.

There is no configuration synchronization between the two sensors.

Server Room Security

Appendix A: Product List

Server Room

Functional Area Product Description

Stackable Ethernet Switch Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Stackable 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 ports

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Stackable 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 ports

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Four GbE SFP ports network module

Standalone Ethernet Switch Cisco Catalyst 3560-X Series Standalone 48 Ethernet 10/100/1000 ports

Cisco Catalyst 3560-X Series Standalone 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 ports

Firewall

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Series Four GbE SFP ports network module

Cisco ASA 5545-X IPS Edition - security appliance

Cisco ASA 5525-X IPS Edition - security appliance

Part Numbers Software

WS-C3750X-48T-S 15.0(2)SE

WS-C3750X-24T-S

IP Base License

C3KX-NM-1G

WS-C3560X-48T-S 15.0(2)SE

WS-C3560X-24T-S

IP Base License

C3KX-NM-1G

ASA5545-IPS-K9

ASA5525-IPS-K9

ASA 9.0(1)

IPS 7.1(6)E4

February 2013 Series

Appendix A: Product List

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

Cisco Catalyst 3750-X Switch Stack

The server room Cisco Catalyst 3750-X switch operates in a stack configuration of two switches to provide a resilient Ethernet LAN.

!

version 15.0

no service pad service timestamps debug datetime msec localtime service timestamps log datetime msec localtime service password-encryption

!

hostname RS200-SR3750Xy

!

boot-start-marker boot-end-marker

!

enable secret 5 *****

!

username admin privilege 15 password 7 ***** aaa new-model

!

aaa group server tacacs+ TACACS-SERVERS

server name TACACS-SERVER-1

!

aaa authentication login default group TACACS-SERVERS local aaa authorization console aaa authorization exec default group TACACS-SERVERS local

!

aaa session-id common clock timezone PST -8 0 clock summer-time PDT recurring switch 1 provision ws-c3750x-48

February 2013 Series switch 2 provision ws-c3750x-48 stack-mac persistent timer 0 system mtu routing 1500 authentication mac-move permit

!

!

ip domain-name cisco.local

ip name-server 10.4.48.10

vtp mode transparent udld enable

!

mls qos map policed-dscp 0 10 18 to 8 mls qos map cos-dscp 0 8 16 24 32 46 48 56 mls qos srr-queue input bandwidth 70 30 mls qos srr-queue input threshold 1 80 90 mls qos srr-queue input priority-queue 2 bandwidth 30 mls qos srr-queue input cos-map queue 1 threshold 2 3 mls qos srr-queue input cos-map queue 1 threshold 3 6 7 mls qos srr-queue input cos-map queue 2 threshold 1 4 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 1 threshold 2 24 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 48 49 50 51

52 53 54 55 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 56 57 58 59

60 61 62 63 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 32 33 40 41

42 43 44 45 mls qos srr-queue input dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 46 47 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 1 threshold 3 4 5 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 2 threshold 1 2 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 2 threshold 2 3 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 2 threshold 3 6 7 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 3 threshold 3 0 mls qos srr-queue output cos-map queue 4 threshold 3 1

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 32 33 40 41

42 43 44 45 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 1 threshold 3 46 47 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 1 16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 1 26 27 28 29

30 31 34 35 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 1 36 37 38 39 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 2 24 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 48 49 50 51

52 53 54 55 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 2 threshold 3 56 57 58 59

60 61 62 63 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 3 threshold 3 0 1 2 3 4 5

6 7 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 4 threshold 1 8 9 11 13

15 mls qos srr-queue output dscp-map queue 4 threshold 2 10 12 14 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 1 100 100 50 200 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 2 125 125 100 400 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 3 100 100 100 3200 mls qos queue-set output 1 threshold 4 60 150 50 200 mls qos queue-set output 1 buffers 15 25 40 20 mls qos

!

crypto pki trustpoint TP-self-signed-251756672

enrollment selfsigned

subject-name cn=IOS-Self-Signed-Certificate-251756672

!

!

revocation-check none

rsakeypair TP-self-signed-251756672 crypto pki certificate chain TP-self-signed-251756672

certificate self-signed 01

Output omitted quit

!

no cts server test all enable

!

February 2013 Series

!

spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default spanning-tree extend system-id spanning-tree vlan 154-155 priority 24576

!

port-channel load-balance src-dst-ip

!

vlan internal allocation policy ascending

!

vlan 104

name Wireless_Data

!

vlan 105

name Wireless_Voice

!

vlan 106

name Management

!

vlan 148

name Server_VLAN_1

!

vlan 149

name Server_VLAN_2

!

vlan 153

name FirewallOutsideVLAN

!

vlan 154

name FirewallSecureVLAN

!

vlan 155

name FirewallIPSSecVLAN

!

vlan 999

!

ip ssh version 2

!

macro name AccessEdgeQoS

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

auto qos voip cisco-phone

@ macro name EgressQoS mls qos trust dscp queue-set 1 srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5 priority-queue out

@

!

!

interface Port-channel1

description EtherChannel link to RS200-3925-VG

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

logging event link-status

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface Port-channel10

description EtherChannel Link to RS200-ESXi1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 148,149

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

!

interface Port-channel12

description EtherChannel Link to Distribution RS200-D4507

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 999

switchport trunk allowed vlan 104-106,148,149,153

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

!

interface FastEthernet0

no ip address

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 148,149

switchport mode trunk

February 2013 Series

logging event link-status

shutdown

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

channel-group 10 mode on

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2

description RS200-ESXi2 Server Room VLANs (vmnic4)

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 148,149

switchport mode trunk

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/3

description RS200-ESXi2 Wireless VLANs (vmnic2)

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 148

switchport trunk allowed vlan 104,105,148,149

switchport mode trunk

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/4

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/5

description RS200-ESXi1 CIMC

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/6

description RS200-SR-ASA5555Xa Management

switchport access vlan 106

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/7

description RS200-3925-VC Gig0/1

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

logging event link-status

logging event bundle-status

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS | EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

channel-group 1 mode on

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/8

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

February 2013 Series

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

!*************************************************************

! Interfaces GigabitEthernet 1/0/9 to 1/0/46 are

! configured the same way and have been removed for brevity

!*************************************************************

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/47

description SR-ASA5500a outside gi 0/3

switchport access vlan 153

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/48

description SR-ASA5500a inside gi 0/0

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 154,155

switchport mode trunk

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast trunk

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/1/1

description Link to Distribution RS200-D4507 Ten1/12

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 999

switchport trunk allowed vlan 104-106,148,149,153

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

logging event trunk-status

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

logging event bundle-status

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

channel-protocol lacp

channel-group 12 mode active

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/1/2

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/1/3

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/1/4

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet1/1/1

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet1/1/2

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 148,149

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

channel-group 10 mode on

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/2

description RS200-ESXi2 Server Room VLANs (vmnic5)

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 148,149

switchport mode trunk

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

February 2013 Series

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/3

description RS200-ESXi2 Wireless VLANs (vmnic3)

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 148

switchport trunk allowed vlan 104,105,148,149

switchport mode trunk

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/4

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/5

description RS200-ESXi2 CIMC

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/6

description RS200-SR-ASA5555Xb Management

switchport access vlan 106

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/7

description RS200-3925-VC Gig0/2

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

logging event link-status

logging event bundle-status

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS | EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

channel-group 1 mode on

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/8

switchport access vlan 148

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast

!

!*************************************************************

! Interfaces GigabitEthernet 2/0/9 to 2/0/46 are

! configured the same way and have been removed for brevity

!*************************************************************

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/47

description SR-ASA5500b outside gi 0/3

switchport access vlan 153

switchport mode access

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

February 2013 Series

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/0/48

description SR-ASA5500b inside gi 0/0

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk allowed vlan 154,155

switchport mode trunk

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

spanning-tree portfast trunk

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/1/1

description Link to Distribution RS200-D4507 Ten2/12

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 999

switchport trunk allowed vlan 104-106,148,149,153

switchport mode trunk

logging event link-status

logging event trunk-status

logging event bundle-status

srr-queue bandwidth share 1 30 35 5

priority-queue out

mls qos trust dscp

macro description EgressQoS

channel-protocol lacp

channel-group 12 mode active

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/1/2

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/1/3

!

interface GigabitEthernet2/1/4

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet2/1/1

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet2/1/2

!

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

interface Vlan1

no ip address

!

interface Vlan106

ip address 10.5.7.4 255.255.255.128

!

interface Vlan148

ip address 10.5.24.2 255.255.255.0

!

ip default-gateway 10.5.7.1

!

no ip http server ip http authentication aaa ip http secure-server

!

logging 10.4.48.38

logging 10.4.48.35

!

snmp-server community ***** RO snmp-server community ***** RW snmp-server host 10.4.48.35 ***** snmp-server host 10.4.48.38 ***** tacacs server TACACS-SERVER-1

address ipv4 10.4.48.15

key 7 *****

!

line con 0

exec-timeout 120 0 line vty 0 4

transport preferred none

transport input ssh line vty 5 15

transport preferred none

transport input ssh

!

ntp server 10.4.48.17

end

February 2013 Series

Cisco ASA 5500-X Firewall-Primary

The server room Cisco ASA 5500-X primary firewall operates as an active/ standby pair with the second Cisco ASA 5500-X firewall to provide a resilient firewall pair.

ASA Version 9.0(1)

!

hostname SR-ASA5500X domain-name cisco.local

enable password ***** encrypted xlate per-session deny tcp any4 any4 xlate per-session deny tcp any4 any6 xlate per-session deny tcp any6 any4 xlate per-session deny tcp any6 any6 xlate per-session deny udp any4 any4 eq domain xlate per-session deny udp any4 any6 eq domain xlate per-session deny udp any6 any4 eq domain xlate per-session deny udp any6 any6 eq domain passwd ***** encrypted names

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0.154

vlan 154

nameif SRVLAN154

security-level 100

ip address 10.5.27.1 255.255.255.0 standby 10.5.27.2

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0.155

vlan 155

nameif SRVLAN155

security-level 100

ip address 10.5.28.1 255.255.255.0 standby 10.5.28.2

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

shutdown

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/2

description LAN/STATE Failover Interface

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/3

nameif outside

security-level 0

ip address 10.5.26.126 255.255.255.128 standby 10.5.26.125

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/4

shutdown

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

!

!*************************************************************

! Interfaces GigabitEthernet0/5 to 0/7 are

! configured the same way and have been removed for brevity

!*************************************************************

!

interface Management0/0

management-only

nameif IPS-mgmt

security-level 0

no ip address

!

boot system disk0:/asa901-smp-k8.bin

ftp mode passive clock timezone PST -8 clock summer-time PDT recurring dns server-group DefaultDNS

domain-name cisco.local

object network IT_Web_Server

host 10.5.27.80

description IT Web Server

February 2013 Series object network Finance_Web_server

host 10.5.27.81

description Finance Web Server object network HR_Web_Server

host 10.5.28.80

description HR Web Server object network IT_Management_Host_Range

range 10.4.48.224 10.4.48.254

description IT Management Systems Range object network Reasearch_Web_server

host 10.5.28.81

description Research Web Server object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_1 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group network DM_INLINE_NETWORK_1

network-object 10.5.27.0 255.255.255.0

network-object 10.5.28.0 255.255.255.0

object-group service DM_INLINE_SERVICE_1

service-object tcp destination eq ssh

service-object udp destination eq snmp object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_2 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_3 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_4 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group service Mgmt-Traffic

description Management Traffic SSH and SNMP

service-object tcp destination eq ssh

service-object udp destination eq snmp access-list global_mpc extended permit ip any4 any4 access-list SRVLAN155_mpc extended permit ip any4 any4 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to Research Web

Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

Reasearch_Web_server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_4 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to Finance Web

Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object Finance_

Web_server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_3 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to IT Web Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object IT_Web_

Server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_1 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to HR Web Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object HR_Web_

Server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_2 access-list outside_access_in remark Permit SSH and SNMP from

Mgmt to Server VLANs access-list outside_access_in extended permit object-group DM_

INLINE_SERVICE_1 object IT_Management_Host_Range object-group

DM_INLINE_NETWORK_1 pager lines 24 logging enable logging buffered informational mtu SRVLAN154 1500 mtu SRVLAN155 1500 mtu outside 1500 mtu IPS-mgmt 1500 failover failover lan unit primary failover lan interface failover GigabitEthernet0/2 failover polltime unit msec 200 holdtime msec 800 failover polltime interface msec 500 holdtime 5 failover key ***** failover replication http failover link failover GigabitEthernet0/2 failover interface ip failover 10.5.26.130 255.255.255.252 standby 10.5.26.129

monitor-interface SRVLAN154 monitor-interface SRVLAN155 icmp unreachable rate-limit 1 burst-size 1 asdm image disk0:/asdm-702.bin

no asdm history enable arp timeout 14400

February 2013 Series no arp permit-nonconnected access-group outside_access_in in interface outside access-group global_access global route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.5.26.1 1 timeout xlate 3:00:00 timeout pat-xlate 0:00:30 timeout conn 1:00:00 half-closed 0:10:00 udp 0:02:00 icmp 0:00:02 timeout sunrpc 0:10:00 h323 0:05:00 h225 1:00:00 mgcp 0:05:00 mgcp-pat 0:05:00 timeout sip 0:30:00 sip_media 0:02:00 sip-invite 0:03:00 sipdisconnect 0:02:00 timeout sip-provisional-media 0:02:00 uauth 0:05:00 absolute timeout tcp-proxy-reassembly 0:01:00 timeout floating-conn 0:00:00 dynamic-access-policy-record DfltAccessPolicy aaa-server AAA-SERVER protocol tacacs+ aaa-server AAA-SERVER (outside) host 10.4.48.15

key ***** user-identity default-domain LOCAL aaa authentication enable console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authentication ssh console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authentication http console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authentication serial console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authorization exec authentication-server http server enable http 10.4.48.0 255.255.255.0 outside snmp-server host outside 10.4.48.35 community ***** no snmp-server location no snmp-server contact snmp-server community ***** snmp-server enable traps snmp authentication linkup linkdown coldstart warmstart crypto ipsec security-association pmtu-aging infinite crypto ca trustpool policy telnet timeout 5 ssh 10.4.48.0 255.255.255.0 outside ssh timeout 5 ssh version 2 console timeout 0

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

!

tls-proxy maximum-session 1000

!

threat-detection basic-threat threat-detection statistics access-list no threat-detection statistics tcp-intercept ntp server 10.4.48.17

ssl encryption aes256-sha1 aes128-sha1 3des-sha1 webvpn

anyconnect-essentials username admin password w2Y.6Op4j7clVDk2 encrypted

!

class-map SRVLAN155-class

match access-list SRVLAN155_mpc class-map inspection_default

match default-inspection-traffic

!

!

policy-map type inspect dns preset_dns_map

parameters

message-length maximum client auto

message-length maximum 512 policy-map SRVLAN155-policy

class SRVLAN155-class

ips inline fail-close policy-map global_policy

class inspection_default

inspect dns preset_dns_map

inspect ftp

inspect h323 h225

inspect h323 ras

inspect ip-options

inspect netbios

inspect rsh

inspect rtsp

inspect skinny

inspect esmtp

inspect sqlnet

inspect sunrpc

February 2013 Series

inspect tftp

inspect sip

inspect xdmcp

!

service-policy global_policy global service-policy SRVLAN155-policy interface SRVLAN155 prompt hostname context no call-home reporting anonymous call-home

profile CiscoTAC-1

no active

destination address http https://tools.cisco.com/its/service/ oddce/services/DDCEService

destination address email [email protected]

destination transport-method http

subscribe-to-alert-group diagnostic

subscribe-to-alert-group environment

subscribe-to-alert-group inventory periodic monthly 8

subscribe-to-alert-group configuration periodic monthly 8

subscribe-to-alert-group telemetry periodic daily

Cryptochecksum:1374ba3d5636e530ec541ac50d1b9c3c

: end

Cisco ASA 5500-X IPS-Primary

The server room Cisco ASA 5500-X primary IPS operates as an active/ standby pair with the second Cisco ASA 5500-X IPS.

! Version 7.1(6)

! Host:

! Realm Keys key1.0

! Signature Definition:

! Signature Update S648.0 2012-05-30

! -----------------------------service interface exit

! -----------------------------service authentication exit

! ------------------------------

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

service event-action-rules rules0 overrides deny-packet-inline override-item-status Enabled risk-rating-range 100-100 exit exit

! -----------------------------service host network-settings host-ip 10.5.7.21/25,10.5.7.1

host-name SR-IPS-A telnet-option disabled access-list 10.4.48.0/24 dns-primary-server enabled address 10.4.48.10

exit dns-secondary-server disabled dns-tertiary-server disabled exit time-zone-settings offset -480 standard-time-zone-name GMT-08:00 exit ntp-option enabled-ntp-unauthenticated ntp-server 10.4.48.17

exit summertime-option recurring summertime-zone-name UTC exit exit

! -----------------------------service logger exit

! -----------------------------service network-access exit

! -----------------------------service notification exit

February 2013 Series

! -----------------------------service signature-definition sig0 exit

! -----------------------------service ssh-known-hosts exit

! -----------------------------service trusted-certificates exit

! -----------------------------service web-server exit

! -----------------------------service anomaly-detection ad0 exit

! -----------------------------service external-product-interface exit

! -----------------------------service health-monitor exit

! -----------------------------service global-correlation network-participation partial exit

! -----------------------------service aaa exit

! -----------------------------service analysis-engine virtual-sensor vs0 physical-interface PortChannel0/0 exit

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

Cisco ASA 5500-X Firewall-Secondary

The server room Cisco ASA 5500-X secondary firewall operates as an active/standby pair with the primary Cisco ASA 5500-X firewall to provide a resilient firewall pair.

ASA Version 9.0(1)

!

hostname SR-ASA5500X domain-name cisco.local

enable password ***** encrypted xlate per-session deny tcp any4 any4 xlate per-session deny tcp any4 any6 xlate per-session deny tcp any6 any4 xlate per-session deny tcp any6 any6 xlate per-session deny udp any4 any4 eq domain xlate per-session deny udp any4 any6 eq domain xlate per-session deny udp any6 any4 eq domain xlate per-session deny udp any6 any6 eq domain passwd ***** encrypted names

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0.154

vlan 154

nameif SRVLAN154

security-level 100

ip address 10.5.27.1 255.255.255.0 standby 10.5.27.2

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0.155

vlan 155

nameif SRVLAN155

security-level 100

ip address 10.5.28.1 255.255.255.0 standby 10.5.28.2

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

February 2013 Series

shutdown

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/2

description LAN/STATE Failover Interface

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/3

nameif outside

security-level 0

ip address 10.5.26.126 255.255.255.128 standby 10.5.26.125

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/4

shutdown

no nameif

no security-level

no ip address

!

!*************************************************************

! Interfaces GigabitEthernet0/5 to 0/7 are

! configured the same way and have been removed for brevity

!*************************************************************

!

interface Management0/0

management-only

nameif IPS-mgmt

security-level 0

no ip address

!

boot system disk0:/asa901-smp-k8.bin

ftp mode passive clock timezone PST -8 clock summer-time PDT recurring dns server-group DefaultDNS

domain-name cisco.local

object network IT_Web_Server

host 10.5.27.80

description IT Web Server

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

object network Finance_Web_server

host 10.5.27.81

description Finance Web Server object network HR_Web_Server

host 10.5.28.80

description HR Web Server object network IT_Management_Host_Range

range 10.4.48.224 10.4.48.254

description IT Management Systems Range object network Reasearch_Web_server

host 10.5.28.81

description Research Web Server object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_1 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group network DM_INLINE_NETWORK_1

network-object 10.5.27.0 255.255.255.0

network-object 10.5.28.0 255.255.255.0

object-group service DM_INLINE_SERVICE_1

service-object tcp destination eq ssh

service-object udp destination eq snmp object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_2 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_3 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group service DM_INLINE_TCP_4 tcp

port-object eq www

port-object eq https object-group service Mgmt-Traffic

description Management Traffic SSH and SNMP

service-object tcp destination eq ssh

service-object udp destination eq snmp access-list global_mpc extended permit ip any4 any4 access-list SRVLAN155_mpc extended permit ip any4 any4 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to Research Web

Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object

February 2013 Series

Reasearch_Web_server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_4 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to Finance Web

Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object Finance_

Web_server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_3 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to IT Web Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object IT_Web_

Server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_1 access-list global_access remark HTTP and HTTPS to HR Web Server access-list global_access extended permit tcp any object HR_Web_

Server object-group DM_INLINE_TCP_2 access-list outside_access_in remark Permit SSH and SNMP from

Mgmt to Server VLANs access-list outside_access_in extended permit object-group DM_

INLINE_SERVICE_1 object IT_Management_Host_Range object-group

DM_INLINE_NETWORK_1 pager lines 24 logging enable logging buffered informational mtu SRVLAN154 1500 mtu SRVLAN155 1500 mtu outside 1500 mtu IPS-mgmt 1500 failover failover lan unit secondary failover lan interface failover GigabitEthernet0/2 failover polltime unit msec 200 holdtime msec 800 failover polltime interface msec 500 holdtime 5 failover key ***** failover replication http failover link failover GigabitEthernet0/2 failover interface ip failover 10.5.26.130 255.255.255.252 standby 10.5.26.129

monitor-interface SRVLAN154 monitor-interface SRVLAN155 icmp unreachable rate-limit 1 burst-size 1 asdm image disk0:/asdm-702.bin

no asdm history enable arp timeout 14400

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

no arp permit-nonconnected access-group outside_access_in in interface outside access-group global_access global route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.5.26.1 1 timeout xlate 3:00:00 timeout pat-xlate 0:00:30 timeout conn 1:00:00 half-closed 0:10:00 udp 0:02:00 icmp 0:00:02 timeout sunrpc 0:10:00 h323 0:05:00 h225 1:00:00 mgcp 0:05:00 mgcp-pat 0:05:00 timeout sip 0:30:00 sip_media 0:02:00 sip-invite 0:03:00 sipdisconnect 0:02:00 timeout sip-provisional-media 0:02:00 uauth 0:05:00 absolute timeout tcp-proxy-reassembly 0:01:00 timeout floating-conn 0:00:00 dynamic-access-policy-record DfltAccessPolicy aaa-server AAA-SERVER protocol tacacs+ aaa-server AAA-SERVER (outside) host 10.4.48.15

key ***** user-identity default-domain LOCAL aaa authentication enable console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authentication ssh console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authentication http console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authentication serial console AAA-SERVER LOCAL aaa authorization exec authentication-server http server enable http 10.4.48.0 255.255.255.0 outside snmp-server host outside 10.4.48.35 community ***** no snmp-server location no snmp-server contact snmp-server community ***** snmp-server enable traps snmp authentication linkup linkdown coldstart warmstart crypto ipsec security-association pmtu-aging infinite crypto ca trustpool policy telnet timeout 5 ssh 10.4.48.0 255.255.255.0 outside ssh timeout 5 ssh version 2 console timeout 0

February 2013 Series

!

tls-proxy maximum-session 1000

!

threat-detection basic-threat threat-detection statistics access-list no threat-detection statistics tcp-intercept ntp server 10.4.48.17

ssl encryption aes256-sha1 aes128-sha1 3des-sha1 webvpn

anyconnect-essentials username admin password w2Y.6Op4j7clVDk2 encrypted

!

class-map SRVLAN155-class

match access-list SRVLAN155_mpc class-map inspection_default

match default-inspection-traffic

!

!

policy-map type inspect dns preset_dns_map

parameters

message-length maximum client auto

message-length maximum 512 policy-map SRVLAN155-policy

class SRVLAN155-class

ips inline fail-close policy-map global_policy

class inspection_default

inspect dns preset_dns_map

inspect ftp

inspect h323 h225

inspect h323 ras

inspect ip-options

inspect netbios

inspect rsh

inspect rtsp

inspect skinny

inspect esmtp

inspect sqlnet

inspect sunrpc

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

inspect tftp

inspect sip

inspect xdmcp

!

service-policy global_policy global service-policy SRVLAN155-policy interface SRVLAN155 prompt hostname context no call-home reporting anonymous call-home

profile CiscoTAC-1

no active

destination address http https://tools.cisco.com/its/service/ oddce/services/DDCEService

destination address email [email protected]

destination transport-method http

subscribe-to-alert-group diagnostic

subscribe-to-alert-group environment

subscribe-to-alert-group inventory periodic monthly 8

subscribe-to-alert-group configuration periodic monthly 8

subscribe-to-alert-group telemetry periodic daily

Cryptochecksum:fa851418dcef88c75afc05c3df395a0e

: end

February 2013 Series

Cisco ASA 5500-X IPS-Secondary

The server room Cisco ASA 5500-X secondary IPS operates as an active/ standby pair with the primary Cisco ASA 5500-X IPS.

! Version 7.1(6)

! Host:

! Realm Keys key1.0

! Signature Definition:

! Signature Update S648.0 2012-05-30

! -----------------------------service interface exit

! -----------------------------service authentication exit

! -----------------------------service event-action-rules rules0 overrides deny-packet-inline override-item-status Enabled risk-rating-range 100-100 exit exit

! -----------------------------service host network-settings host-ip 10.5.7.22/25,10.5.7.1

host-name SR-IPS-B telnet-option disabled access-list 10.4.48.0/24 dns-primary-server enabled address 10.4.48.10

exit dns-secondary-server disabled dns-tertiary-server disabled exit time-zone-settings offset -480 standard-time-zone-name GMT-08:00 exit

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

ntp-option enabled-ntp-unauthenticated ntp-server 10.4.48.17

exit summertime-option recurring summertime-zone-name UTC exit

! -----------------------------service logger exit

! -----------------------------service network-access exit

! -----------------------------service notification exit

! -----------------------------service signature-definition sig0 exit

! -----------------------------service ssh-known-hosts exit

! -----------------------------service trusted-certificates exit

! -----------------------------service web-server exit

! -----------------------------service anomaly-detection ad0 exit

! -----------------------------service external-product-interface exit

! -----------------------------service health-monitor exit

! -----------------------------service global-correlation network-participation partial

February 2013 Series exit

! -----------------------------service aaa exit

! -----------------------------service analysis-engine virtual-sensor vs0 physical-interface PortChannel0/0 exit

Appendix B: Configuration Examples

Appendix C: Changes

This appendix summarizes the changes to this guide since the previous

Cisco SBA series.

• We updated the software version on the server room switches, and for navigation benefits, we improved the server room procedures.

• We added remote-site server room IP addressing and utilized the remote-site IP addressing in the document while preserving the VLAN numbering and naming for clarity.

• The firewall software version was updated. For ease of use, the security policy procedures were updated to use Cisco ASDM to create access control lists versus CLI.

• The Cisco IPS software version was updated, and for navigation benefits, we improved the IPS procedures.

February 2013 Series

Appendix C: Changes

Feedback

Please use the feedback form to send comments and suggestions about this guide.

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Cisco has more than 200 offices worldwide. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the Cisco Website at www.cisco.com/go/offices.

ALL DESIGNS, SPECIFICATIONS, STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS (COLLECTIVELY, “DESIGNS”) IN THIS MANUAL ARE PRESENTED “AS IS,” WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND ITS SUPPLiERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITH-

OUT LIMITATION, THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE. IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE

FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE DESIGNS, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS

HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. THE DESIGNS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. USERS ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR APPLICATION OF THE DESIGNS. THE DESIGNS DO NOT CONSTITUTE THE TECHNICAL

OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE OF CISCO, ITS SUPPLIERS OR PARTNERS. USERS SHOULD CONSULT THEIR OWN TECHNICAL ADVISORS BEFORE IMPLEMENTING THE DESIGNS. RESULTS MAY VARY DEPENDING ON FACTORS NOT TESTED BY CISCO.

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses. Any examples, command display output, and figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

© 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

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