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308061-001
Copyright
Copyright 1994 by Exabyte Corporation. All rights reserved. This item and the
information contained herein are the property of Exabyte Corporation. No part
of this document may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical,
manual, or otherwise, without the express written permission of Exabyte
Corporation, 1685 38th Street, Boulder, Colorado 80301.
Disclaimer
Exabyte Corporation makes no representation or warranties with respect to the
contents of this document and specifically disclaims any implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Further, Exabyte
Corporation reserves the right to revise this publication without obligation to
notify any person or organization of such revisions or changes.
Trademark
Notices
Revision
History
EXABYTE, EXAPAK, EXB, LANCourier, and NetSECURE are registered
trademarks of Exabyte Corporation. EXA, EXATAPE, FileSECURE,
Mammoth, and SCIMON are trademarks of Exabyte Corporation.
Revision
Date
000
May 1994
001
Sept 1994
Description
Initial release
Updated to include XL tape drives
Exabyte Corporation
1685 38th Street
Boulder, CO 80301
308061-001
2
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Safety and
Emissions
Standards
When installed in a manner consistent with Exabyte’s product integration (that
is, in a shielded cabinet, using shielded cables, proper grounding of the SCSI
bus and input power), Exabyte 8mm tape drives can be expected to maintain
their compliance to the standards listed in this section. It is the responsibility of
the system integrator to certify and/or verify the final product to the relevant
Product Safety, EMI and EMC standards.
FCC
Notice
❏
UL1950, 1st Edition, Information Technology Equipment Including
Electrical Business Equipment
❏
CSA-C22.2 No. 950-M89, Safety of Information Technology Equipment
including Electrical Business Equipment
❏
EN60950/IEC950/DIN VDE 0805/5.90, Safety of Information Technology
Equipment including Electrical Business Equipment
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
B digital device pursuant to Part 15 of FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instructions, may cause interference to radio and television
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference
by one or more of the following measures:
❏
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
❏
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
❏
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
❏
Use shielded cables.
❏
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
According to FCC regulations, changes or modifications not expressly
approved by Exabyte Corporation could void your authority to operate the
equipment.
VDE
Notice
Bescheinigung des Herstellers/Importeurs:
Hiermit wird bescheinigt, daß das
EXB-8205, EXB-8205XL, EXB-8505, und EXB-8505XL in Übereinstimmung
mit den Bestimmungen der Vfg. 243/1991 und Nr 46/1992 funkentstört sind.
Der Deutschen Bundespost wurde daß Inverkehrgringen dieses Gerätes
angezeigt und die Berechtigung zur Überprüfung der Serie auf Einhaltung der
Bestimmungen eingeräumt.
Owner’s Manual
3
Canadian
D.O.C.
Notice
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations
of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant
les limites applicable aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le
règlement sur le broullage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère Des
Communications du Canada.
4
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Contents
Welcome
Identifying the tape drives . . . .
About this manual . . . . . . . .
Conventions used in this manual
For more information . . . . . .
7
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1 Installation
Preparing for installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1 – Ensure ESD protection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2 – Unpack the tape drive and save the materials
Step 3 – Check the tape drive accessories . . . . . . .
Step 4 – Check the power cord . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 5 – Check the Compatibility Matrix . . . . . . .
Step 6 – Register your tape drive . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 7 – Set up your system . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the tape drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1 – Set the SCSI ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2 – Terminate the SCSI bus . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 3 – Install the internal tape drive . . . . . . . . .
Step 4 – Install an external tape drive . . . . . . . . .
Step 5 – Power on the tape drive . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 6 – Install your software application . . . . . . .
Step 7 – Test your installation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Owner’s Manual
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12
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17
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20
23
31
34
37
38
5
2 Operating the tape drive
Reading the LEDs . . . . . . . .
Selecting data cartridges . . . . .
Write-protecting a data cartridge
Loading a data cartridge . . . . .
Unloading a data cartridge . . .
Resetting the tape drive . . . . .
41
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3 Preventive maintenance
41
43
45
46
47
48
49
Exabyte cleaning cartridges . . . . . . . .
Determining when to clean the tape drive
Using the cleaning cartridge . . . . . . . .
Caring for data cartridges . . . . . . . . .
Replacing data cartridges . . . . . . . . .
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4 Troubleshooting
49
50
50
52
53
55
Problems with tape drive installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Problems with tape drive operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Problems reported by the application software . . . . . . . 59
5 Getting help
Contacting Exabyte Sales Support .
Ordering supplies from Exabyte . .
Returning the tape drive for repair
Moving the tape drive . . . . . . .
6
61
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61
63
64
66
Appendix A Installation requirements
67
Appendix B Tape drive specifications
71
Appendix C Glossary
72
Index
75
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
W
elcome
Thank you for selecting the EXABYTE® EXB-8205, EXB-8205XL,
EXB-8505, or EXB-8505XL 8mm Cartridge Tape Drive. These tape
drives are high-capacity, high-performance, and highly reliable storage
devices for PC, workstation, and local area network (LAN) applications.
All of theses tape drives incorporate a single-ended Small Computer
System Interface (SCSI) and are ideally suited for back-up and restore
tasks, data archiving, and data file interchange. The “eXtended-Length”
(XL) versions of the EXB-8205 and EXB-8505 (EXB-8205XL and
EXB-8505XL) provide additional capacity by supporting the
extended-length EXATAPE™ 160m XL 8mm Data Cartridge.
Operating as single-ended SCSI devices, these 5.25-inch half-high
form-factor tape drives can either be installed inside your computer (an
internal tape drive) or, when purchased in an enclosure (an external tape
drive), used as an external peripheral. The external tape drives offer the
following additional features:
o
o
o
o
o
Owner’s Manual
A fan to provide temperature control
A universal self-switching power supply
A SCSI ID switch
Two SCSI connectors
Full safety and agency certification
7
Identifying the tape drives
The orientation of the LEDs (light emitting diodes) distinguishes the
EXB-8205 from the EXB-8505. The following illustrations show the
EXB-8205 and EXB-8505, both without enclosures. The XL drives are
identical in appearance to the non-XL drives except that they have a
raised diamond pattern on the unload button.
EXB-8205 – vertical LEDs (EXB-8205XL – raised diamond
pattern on the unload button)
EXB-8505 – horizontal LEDs (EXB-8505XL – raised diamond
pattern on the unload button)
8
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
About this manual
Use this manual as you install and operate your tape drive. Unless
specifically noted, instructions in this manual apply to all of the tape
drives.
In addition to instructions for installation and operation, this manual
provides information about selecting and maintaining data cartridges,
cleaning the tape drive, obtaining technical assistance, purchasing
supplies, and packing the tape drive for shipment.
This manual assumes that you are familiar with using your application
software. If you are not, take time to familiarize yourself before beginning
this installation.
Conventions used in this manual
This manual uses the following conventions to highlight special information:
Note: Text marked “Note” provides additional information or
suggestions for the topic or procedure being discussed.
Important: Text marked “Important” will help you
# successfully
complete a procedure or avoid additional
steps in a procedure.
CAUTION
Boxed text under the heading “Caution” provides information
about how to avoid damaging the tape drive, the data
cartridge, other equipment, or data recorded on tape.
Owner’s Manual
9
WARNING !
Boxed text under the heading “WARNING !” provides
information you must know to avoid personal injury.
For more information
o For detailed information about installing and configuring your SCSI
adapter card, refer to the documentation provided with the card.
o For detailed information about installing adapter cards and peripheral
devices inside your computer, refer to the documentation provided
with your computer.
o For information about backing up and restoring data, refer to the
documentation supplied with your application software.
o For information about the compatibility of Exabyte tape drives with
many software packages, refer to the Compatibility Matrix (308238)
included with your tape drive.
o For information about supplies and accessories available from Exabyte,
contact Exabyte Direct Sales as described beginning on page 63.
o For information about Exabyte Sales Support, refer to Chapter 6
beginning on page 61.
o For detailed tape drive specifications, refer to the EXB-8205 and
EXB-8505 Product Specification for Standard and eXtended-Length
Configurations (510504).
o For detailed specifications for the external tape drive, refer to the
Mini Tabletop Product Specification (520154).
o For information about integrating the tape drive into a host system,
refer to EXB-8205 and EXB-8505 Integration and Optimization for
Standard and eXtended-Length Configurations (510505).
10
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
1
Installation
This chapter provides information for the following tasks:
o
o
o
o
Preparing for installation
Installing the tape drive
Installing the application software
Testing your installation
To install the tape drive properly, follow all of the instructions in this
chapter. You can use the checklist at the beginning of each section to
keep track of the steps you need to perform.
CAUTION
The tape drives described in this manual are single-ended
SCSI devices. Do not install the tape drives on a differential
SCSI bus.
Owner’s Manual
11
Installation
Preparing for installation
To prepare for installation, follow the steps in this section.
3
Step Procedure
1
Ensure ESD protection
2
Unpack the tape drive and save the packing materials
3
Check the tape drive accessories
4
Check the power cord
5
Check the Compatibility Matrix
6
Register your tape drive
7
Set up your system
Step 1 – Ensure ESD protection
If you are installing an internal tape drive, follow these procedures to
protect the tape drive from electrostatic discharge (ESD):
o Turn off all devices attached to your computer, then turn off your
computer.
o Disconnect all power cables from your computer and attached devices
before starting the installation.
o If possible, use an antistatic mat and grounded static protection
wristband. If a mat and wristband are unavailable, touch a known
grounded surface (such as your computer’s metal chassis) to discharge
static electricity from your body before handling the tape drive.
o Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build
up around you.
12
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
o Leave the tape drive in its antistatic bag until you are ready to install
it. When possible, remove the internal tape drive from its bag and
install it directly into the computer without setting it down. If you
must lay the tape drive down, place it on top of the antistatic bag.
o Handle the tape drive carefully and by the edges.
o Do not place the tape drive on the computer cover or on a metal table.
Step 2 – Unpack the tape drive and save the materials
Carefully remove the tape drive from its box. Save all the original
packaging materials in case you need to reship the tape drive. The tape
drive’s packaging helps protect the tape drive from shock, vibration,
moisture, and electrostatic discharge (ESD).
For information about repacking the tape drive for shipment, see page 64.
Step 3 – Check the tape drive accessories
Make sure the tape drive accessory box contains the following items.
External tape drive accessory kit
External SCSI bus
terminator (305157)
SCSI cable for an external
tape drive (305036)
Power cord
Internal tape drive accessory kit
Mounting rail kit (305161)
Owner’s Manual
SCSI ribbon cable (308195)
Power cable (305218)
13
Installation
Additional accessory kit items
Both the internal and external accessory kits also include the following:
One EXATAPE™ 8mm
Data Cartridge*
Compatibility Matrix
Warranty Card
Accessory Guide*
* 112m for the EXB-8205 and
EXB-8505; 160m XL for the
EXB-8205XL and EXB-8505XL
* U.S. and Canada only
Step 4 – Check the power cord
The accessory kit includes a three-conductor power cord for connecting
the tape drive to a power source. If a power cord is not included or is
inappropriate for your power connection requirements, contact your
dealer or Exabyte Sales Support for assistance (see page 61).
Step 5 – Check the Compatibility Matrix
The tape drive must be compatible with your computer and the
application software you plan to use.
To make sure that they are compatible, check the Compatibility Matrix
included in your accessory box. If the Compatibility Matrix indicates that
your tape drive is not compatible with your application software, contact
your dealer for assistance. With your dealer’s assistance you may be able
to make the components compatible by changing the tape drive’s
internal instructions (firmware).
Note: If your dealer asks for the firmware version currently
stored in the tape drive, check the configuration label.
The numbers for the FECODE and EECODE indicate
the firmware version. Refer to the following illustrations
for the location of the label.
14
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Step 6 – Register your tape drive
Read the warranty card included with your tape drive. Then fill out the
registration card and mail it back to Exabyte.
Owner’s Manual
15
Installation
Step 7 – Set up your system
Before installing your tape drive, do the following:
o Obtain the following tools:
l
l
Medium-size Phillips screwdriver
Small flat-nose pliers
o Install a SCSI adapter card in your computer (if one is not already
installed). This may also include installing and configuring a device
driver for the adapter card on your computer. Follow the instructions
provided with the adapter card.
o Select a software application. Check the Compatibility Matrix
included in the accessory kit to determine which application software
is is compatible with your tape drive. (See page 14 for more
information.)
o Check the documentation provided with your application software to
determine whether the application must be installed before or after
the hardware. Most applications require the software to be installed
after the hardware. See page 37 for software installation guidelines.
o Make sure you have the required mounting rails. If your computer
uses custom or non-standard rails for mounting devices in a drive bay,
make sure you have the required rails before beginning this
installation.
o Have your computer’s documentation available for reference. You
may need specific instructions for installing a tape drive into a drive
bay.
16
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Installing the tape drive
Installing your tape drive requires the following general tasks:
3
Step Procedure
1
Set the SCSI ID (pages 17 through 19)
2
Terminate the SCSI bus (pages 20 through 22)
3
For the internal tape drive, install the tape drive in an empty
drive bay (pages 23 through 30)
4
For the external tape drive, connect the tape drive to the SCSI
bus and a power source (pages 31 through 34)
5
Power on the tape drive (pages 34 through 37 )
6
Install your software application (page 37)
7
Test your installation (pages 38 through 39)
Step 1 – Set the SCSI ID
Each device attached to a SCSI bus must have a unique address or SCSI
ID. This SCSI ID, which can be a value from 0 through 7, allows the host
computer communicate with the specific devices attached to the bus.
Important: Before setting the tape drive’s SCSI ID,
# determine
the SCSI IDs of all other SCSI devices currently
attached to your SCSI bus (for example, a hard drive or a
CD-ROM reader). These devices may either be installed
inside the computer or attached externally.
Owner’s Manual
17
Installation
The tape drives are shipped with the SCSI ID set to 2. If you are
installing the tape drive on an existing SCSI bus and another device (for
example, a hard drive) is already assigned to that ID, you must change
the tape drive’s ID.
Note: Check your system to determine the settings in use. A
SCSI adapter card typically uses a SCSI ID of 6 or 7. A
SCSI hard drive typically uses a SCSI ID of 0 or 1.
Changing the internal tape drive’s SCSI ID
If you are installing an external tape drive, skip to page 19.
1. Locate the SCSI ID jumper block on the back of the tape drive.
2. Using a pair of flat-nose pliers, slide the small plastic jumpers over
the pins on the jumper block to obtain the desired address. Extra
jumpers are shipped in a separate bag. Save the unused jumpers in
case you need to select a different SCSI ID later.
Note: If you want to install a remote switch to allow you to set
the SCSI ID from outside your computer, refer to page 69.
CAUTION
Do not allow loose jumpers to fall inside the tape drive.
18
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Changing the external tape drive’s SCSI ID
1. Locate the SCSI ID switch on the back of the enclosure.
2. Use a fine-tipped instrument to press the buttons on the SCSI ID
switch until you reach the desired address for your tape drive.
Owner’s Manual
19
Installation
Step 2 – Terminate the SCSI bus
The SCSI bus attached to the tape drive must be terminated correctly to
ensure proper operation. To accomplish this, the devices located at the
physical ends of the SCSI bus must have terminators installed. All other
devices attached to the SCSI bus must have the terminators removed.
If your tape drive will be located at the physical end of the SCSI bus, you
must be sure that it is properly terminated. The method you use depends
on whether you are installing an internal or external tape drive.
Important: If another SCSI device previously
# terminated
your SCSI bus and will no longer be at the
physical end of the bus, be sure to remove the
terminators from that device.
Terminating an internal tape drive
If you are installing an external tape drive, skip to page 22.
The internal tape drive is shipped with three resistor terminators
installed. Leave these terminators in place if you plan to install the tape
drive at the physical end of the SCSI bus.
If your computer already has another internal SCSI device attached to
the adapter card (for example, a hard drive), you may want to leave that
device at the end of the bus. In this case, you must remove the
terminators from the tape drive.
20
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
To remove the terminators, follow these steps:
1. Locate the terminators on the back of the tape drive.
2. Using a pair of flat-nose pliers, carefully grasp each terminator at
the center and pull it straight out. Be careful not to squeeze the
pliers too tightly or you may break the terminator. Save the unused
terminators in case you need to terminate the the bus at tape drive
later.
Note: To replace a terminator, make sure that pin 1 of the
terminator is aligned with pin 1 of the socket and that
no pins are bent. The writing on the terminator should
face upward. Pin 1 of the terminator is marked with a
colored line or dot and should line up with the right
side of the socket.
CAUTION
If you must replace a terminator, be sure to use the correct type
to avoid damaging the tape drive. Replacement terminators
are available from Exabyte.
Owner’s Manual
21
Installation
Terminating an external tape drive
If your external tape drive will be at the physical end of the SCSI bus,
push the external terminator provided onto either of the SCSI
connectors on the back of the tape drive enclosure. If the tape drive does
not terminate the bus, you will connect SCSI cables into both connectors.
After installing the terminator, skip to page 31.
Important: If you have an internal SCSI device
# attached
to your SCSI adapter card (for example a hard
drive), you must remove the terminators from your
adapter card. Refer to the adapter card manual for
instructions.
22
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Step 3 – Install the internal tape drive
Follow the guidelines in this section to install the internal tape drive in a
computer drive bay. If you are installing the tape drive in another type of
enclosure, refer to Appendix B for other internal installation requirements,
then resume reading on page 34, “Power on the tape drive.”
Notes: This section provides general steps for installing the
tape drive. Refer to your computer owner’s manual for
specific instructions.
If you are installing the tape drive into a non-DOS/Novell
environment (for example, a Sun workstation or IBM
RS6000), you may require additional information.
Refer your workstation documentation.
Installing the internal tape drive requires the following steps:
3
Procedure
Prepare the computer (below)
Attach mounting rails to the tape drive (page 24)
Connect the SCSI cable to the tape drive (page 26)
Connect the computer power supply to the tape drive (page 29)
Attach the tape drive to the drive bay (page 30)
Prepare the computer
Before beginning, prepare your computer as follows:
1. Turn off your monitor and any other attached peripheral devices,
then turn off your computer.
2. Unplug your computer, monitor, and any other attached peripheral
devices.
3. Remove your computer’s cover as described in your computer
owner’s manual.
Owner’s Manual
23
Installation
4. Remove the cover plate from the drive bay you intend to use. Refer
to your computer owner’s manual for instructions. If mounting clips
and screws are present, keep them. They may be needed for
securing the tape drive to the bay in a later step.
Note: If necessary, remove a floppy disk drive to provide an
empty half-high drive bay for the tape drive. Do not
replace your floppy drive A with the tape drive. Most
computers require floppy drive A for booting in case of
a hard disk failure.
Important: If you remove a floppy disk drive to install
# the
tape drive, be sure to change your system configuration
to reflect the change. Refer to your computer owner’s
manual for details on running the computer’s setup
program to change the configuration.
5. Check for the presence of a load resistor in the computer. If it is
present, disconnect the load resistor cable from the power supply.
Refer to your computer owner’s manual for more information.
Attach mounting rails to the tape drive
Determine whether your computer requires mounting rails for
installation in the drive bay. You can install the tape drive in one of three
configurations:
o Without rails
o With standard rails
o With non-standard rails unique to your computer
Refer to your computer owner’s manual or look at one of the floppy
drives in your computer to see how it is mounted. The tape drive will use
the same type of rails.
24
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Depending on the type of mounting required, proceed as follows:
Without rails
Use the tape drive as it comes from the package.
Skip to page 26.
With standard rails
Use the rails included in the tape drive accessory
kit. Install the rails as described in the next section.
With
non-standard rails
unique to your
computer
Use the rails that came with your computer. If
necessary, purchase additional rails from your
computer supplier. Install the rails as described in
the next section or use the instructions provided
with the rail kit.
Installing standard mounting rails
Using the screws provided, fasten a rail to each side of the tape drive as
shown in the following illustration. The tapered end of each rail should
point toward the rear of the tape drive. Use whichever set of mounting
holes in the rails allows you to position the tape drive so that it is flush
with the front of your floppy tape drive.
Note: If you removed the front panel from your computer to
install the tape drive, the front of the tape drive may
extend beyond the front edge of the drive bay. When
you complete the installation, the front of the tape
drive should be flush with the computer front panel.
Owner’s Manual
25
Installation
Connect the SCSI cable to the tape drive
The SCSI ribbon cable provided in the accessory kit has three
connectors, one on each end and a third one near the middle of the
cable. The method you use to connect the cable to the tape drive
depends on whether you already have a SCSI device attached to your
SCSI adapter card.
If you already have an internal SCSI device installed, skip to page 28. If
you have no other internal SCSI devices installed, follow these steps:
1. Push the keyed connector on one end of the 50-pin SCSI ribbon
cable onto the SCSI connector on the back of the tape drive. The
connector is keyed so that it only fits one way.
26
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
2. From the front of the computer, thread the SCSI ribbon cable into
the computer through the open bay.
3. Connect the free end of the SCSI ribbon cable to the connector on
your SCSI adapter card.
4. Slide the tape drive into the bay. Skip to page 29 to continue the
installation.
Owner’s Manual
27
Installation
If you already have another internal SCSI device installed:
Note: These instructions assume that the SCSI adapter card
and the previously installed SCSI device terminate the
SCSI bus.
1. Locate the existing ribbon cable connecting your SCSI adapter card
to the SCSI device already installed in your computer (for example,
the hard drive).
2. Make a note of the orientation of the colored stripe on the existing
cable where it connects to the adapter card and the other SCSI
device. Remove the cable and replace it with the new SCSI ribbon
cable provided in the accessory kit. Connect one end to the SCSI
adapter card and the other end to the existing SCSI device. Orient
the colored stripe so that it is on the same side as it was on the
original cable.
3. Slide the tape drive into the drive bay.
4. Plug the middle connector on the new SCSI ribbon cable onto the
SCSI connector on the back of the tape drive. Make sure that the
colored stripe is to the right as you look at the back of the tape drive.
28
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Connect the power cable
1. Locate a free power cable coming from your computer’s power
supply. Push the connector into the power connector on the back
of the tape drive.
If your computer does not have a spare power cable or if the cable is
not long enough to reach the back of the tape drive, you will need
to use the power cable (305218) provided in the accessory box.
Important: The power connector is keyed and fits
# onto
the tape drive power connector in only one way. Do
not force the plug into the connector. Press firmly until
the connector is secure.
Owner’s Manual
29
Installation
2. If your computer uses a grounding wire to provide additional
grounding to internal devices, locate the wire. Use a 1⁄4-inch female
spade connector to attach the wire to the grounding tab on the
back of the tape drive.
Attach the tape drive to the drive bay
1. Secure the tape drive to the drive bay as instructed in your
computer owner’s manual. Make sure that the front of the tape
drive is even with the front of the floppy drive.
2. Put the cover back on your computer.
3. Skip to page 34 to complete your installation.
30
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Step 4 – Install an external tape drive
Installing the external tape drive requires the following steps:
3
Procedure
Locate a level surface
Install the feet
Connect the SCSI cable (page 33)
Connect the power cord (page 34)
Locate a level surface
Locate a level surface close to your computer and near a readily
accessible outlet. You must allow adequate clearance at the rear and
sides to allow air flow.
Important: Do not place the tape drive on the floor.
# Dust
and dirt can contaminate the tape drive and data
cartridges.
Install the feet
The external tape drive can be placed with the tape drive door either
horizontal or vertical. The accessory kit includes four self-adhesive feet
(plus one spare). These feet protect the surface of the enclosure and
allow air to flow through the vents when the tape drive is placed vertically.
o If you plan to place the tape drive vertically, place the pads on the
right side of the enclosure (the side with the external vents).
o If you plan to place the tape drive horizontally, place the pads on the
bottom of the enclosure.
Owner’s Manual
31
Installation
Remove the backing from the feet and place them within 0.5 inch
(1.3 cm) from the sides of each corner of the enclosure.
CAUTION
When using the tape drive in a vertical position, failure to
install the feet on the enclosure can block the air flow
through the vents and cause overheating of the enclosed
tape drive.
32
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
Connect the SCSI cable
1. Make sure that the power switches on the computer and the tape
drive enclosure are in the off position.
2. Plug one end of the SCSI cable provided in the accessory kit into
the SCSI connector on the back of the enclosure.
3. Plug the other end of the SCSI cable into the adapter card
connector on the back of your computer.
4. If the tape drive does not terminate the SCSI bus, connect the next
device on the SCSI bus to the other SCSI connector.
Owner’s Manual
33
Installation
Connect the power cord
1. Make sure that the power switches on the computer and the tape
drive enclosure are in the off position.
2. Plug the appropriate power cord, described on page 14, into the
power connector on the back of the tape drive enclosure.
3. Plug the other end of the power cord into a convenient power outlet.
Step 5 – Power on the tape drive
1. If you have an external tape drive, set the power switch on the back
of the tape drive enclosure to the on position.
Important: Turn on the external tape drive before you
# power
on the computer. If you power on the computer
while the tape drive is off, the SCSI adapter card will not
detect the presence of the tape drive.
2. Turn on the computer.
34
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
3. Wait while the tape drive performs its power-on self-test. During
this time, the following occurs:
o All three of the tape drive’s LEDs light.
o The tape drive’s 30-second power-on self-test begins.
o If you have an external tape drive, the power-on LED on the
front of the enclosure lights and the fan mounted at the back of
the enclosure begins to rotate.
o When the self-test is complete, the top and bottom LEDs turn
off; the middle LED will be off or flashing irregularly.
# Important:
❏
❏
Owner’s Manual
Do not insert a data cartridge into the tape drive
during the self-test. The tape drive will eject it.
If the top LED does not go out after the self-test, an
error has occurred. Contact your dealer for assistance.
35
Installation
The following illustration shows the placement of the external tape
drive’s power-on indicator and the LEDs. The table on page 42 shows the
LED combinations you may observe during the self-test.
Note: The internal tape drive LEDs are the same as those on
the external model.
36
Ê
Power-on indicator (green)
Ë
Top LED (orange) – indicates an error
Ì
Middle LED (green or orange) – indicates SCSI bus activity
Í
Bottom LED (green) ä indicates tape motion
Î
Unload button (raised diamond pattern on the
EXB-8205XL and EXB-8505XL)
Ï
Air flow vents
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
If problems occur . . .
Problem
Corrective action
If the tape drive
does not power on
as described:
Check the following:
3 Is the power cord inserted correctly?
3 Is the SCSI bus terminated?
3 Is the tape drive power switch in the on position?
3 Is your computer turned on?
Refer to Chapter 4 for additional troubleshooting
steps.
If the tape drive’s
LEDs are on or
flashing:
See the table on page 42 for the LED combinations
you may observe during the self-test.
If you are unable to
resolve the problem
yourself:
See Chapter 5 for information about contacting your
dealer, service representative, or Exabyte Sales
Support.
Step 6 – Install your software application
After installing the tape drive, install your application software. If the
application is already installed, you may need to reconfigure it for use
with your tape drive. The software installation procedure may also
include installing and configuring a device driver for your SCSI adapter
card.
Your application will need the SCSI ID of your tape drive. Some
applications require you to enter the ID; others can determine the ID by
automatically scanning the SCSI bus.
For detailed information about installing and using your software, be sure
to read the documentation provided with the software.
Owner’s Manual
37
Installation
Step 7 – Test your installation
After installing your tape drive and application software, check the
installation by performing a simple backup and restore operation to verify
that your software and tape drive are communicating properly before you
begin operation.
Note: If this is the first time you have used the tape drive or if
the tape drive has been stored for six months or more,
repeat steps 4 and 5 of the following procedure at least
two times or for two hours (whichever is greater).
To check the installation, do the following:
1. Locate a data cartridge that does not contain any valuable
information and make sure that its write-protect switch is set to
write-enable (see page 45).
2. Gently push the data cartridge into the tape drive, as shown, until
the load mechanism pulls the cartridge into the drive.
38
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 1
3. Wait while the tape drive loads the tape, determines the tape
format, and positions it to the logical beginning of tape (LBOT).
This takes about 45 seconds. When the green LED is on solid, the
tape drive is ready.
4. Perform a backup operation to write a small amount of data to the
tape.
5. Rewind the tape and read the data written in step 4 and compare it
to the original. This determines whether the software and tape
drive are functioning properly.
Note: Your application software may have a “backup with
compare” option that automatically performs the
operations described in steps 4 and 5.
If problems occur . . .
Owner’s Manual
Problem
Corrective action
If the tape
drive does not
successfully
read and write
data:
Check the following:
3 Are you using the correct type of data cartridge? See
“Selecting data cartridges,” beginning on page 43,
for more information about data cartridges.
3 Is the data cartridge write enabled?
3 Is your software correctly installed and configured?
3 Press the unload button and remove the data
cartridge. Repeat steps 2 through 5 using a different
data cartridge. If the error occurs again, refer to
Chapter 4 for additional troubleshooting steps.
If the tape
drive’s LEDs
are on or
flashing:
See the table on page 42 for information about reading
the LEDs.
If you are
unable to
resolve the
problem
yourself:
See Chapter 5 for information about contacting your
dealer, service representative, or Exabyte Sales Support.
39
Installation
Notes
40
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
2
Operating the tape drive
This section includes information about the following:
o
o
o
o
Reading the tape drive’s LEDs
Selecting data cartridges
Setting the write-protect switch on the data cartridge
Loading and unloading a data cartridge
Reading the LEDs
The tape drive uses three LEDs to indicate its operating states. The LEDs
indicate the following general conditions:
o When the top (orange) LED is flashing, the tape drive has an error or
needs cleaning.
o When the middle LED is on or flashing, SCSI bus activity is
occurring. The middle LED can be green or orange, as follows:
Owner’s Manual
Orange:
The tape loaded in the tape drive is in one of the
compression formats (8500c or 8200c). Note that when
the tape is in 8500c format, the LED is always orange
even though compression can be turned off.
Green:
The tape loaded in the tape drive is in one of the
non-compression formats (8500 or 8200).
41
Operating the tape drive
o When the bottom (green) LED is on, a data cartridge is loaded in the
tape drive. When this LED is flashing, the tape is moving or the tape
drive needs cleaning.
The following table shows specific combinations of LEDs that may occur
during tape drive operation.
Note: You may occasionally observe LED combinations and
sequences not described in the table. These other
combinations represent special or unusual conditions
that are beyond the scope of this table. This table may
no longer be valid if you load new firmware.
top LED
(errors)
middle LED
(SCSI)b
bottom LED
(motion)
●
●
❍
❍
❍
❍
●
fast
clean
time to
error
SCSI
bus reset
high speed
tape motion
normal
tape motion
ready
( tape)
ready
j
(no tape)
fail
self-test
end
self-test
start
self-test
Tape Drive State
j
j
slow
fast
●
j
j
j
j
j
j
j
j
j
green
irreg
irreg
irreg
irreg
irreg
irreg
irreg
irreg
irreg
●
❍c
❍
❍
●
j
●
❍
j
slow
fast
j
fast
a
Green – uncompressed format tape.
b
If a data cartridge is loaded, the bottom LED first flashes slow, then fast during the second part of
Orange – compressed format tape.
the power-on self-test.
Key for table
●
❍
The LED is on.
The LED is off.
The LED is flashing:
j
j
j
slow = 1 flash/second
fast = 4 flashes/second
irregular = Rate of flash varies with SCSI bus activity. If the
device is not connected to the bus, the LED is off.
42
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 2
Selecting data cartridges
Unlike media available from other manufacturers, EXATAPE™ 8mm
Data Cartridges are formulated specifically for use in a data storage
environment and offer reliability, extended durability, and long-term
archivability. In addition, exclusive use of EXATAPE media with
Exabyte 8mm tape drives has been shown to prolong head and tape life.
Important: Exabyte strongly recommends that you use
# EXATAPE
data-grade media with all Exabyte products,
including the EXB-8205, EXB-8205XL, EXB-8505, and
EXB-8505XL. EXATAPE media meets specifications that
are the most stringent in the industry.
CAUTION
Never use video-grade tape for data storage. Video-grade
tape can be less accurate than data-grade tape when
recording high-density data and more abrasive to tape drive
recording heads.
The EXB-8205 and EXB-8505 support the 15m, 54m, and 112m tapes,
but do not support the 160m XL tape. If you attempt to load any 160m
data cartridge into an EXB-8205 or EXB-8505, the tape drive
automatically ejects the cartridge.
Owner’s Manual
43
Operating the tape drive
The following table summarizes the types and capacities of the EXATAPE
8mm data cartridges compatible with the EXB-8205, EXB-8205XL,
EXB-8505, and EXB-8505XL. EXATAPE data cartridges require no
formatting or other media conditioning before use. See page 63 for
information about ordering data cartridges from Exabyte Direct Sales.
Data
Cartridge
EXB-8205
Capacitya
EXB-8205XL
Capacitya
EXB-8505
Capacitya
EXB-8505XL
Capacitya
15m
600 MB
600 MB
1.2 GB
1.2 GB
54m
2.4 GB
2.4 GB
4.8 GB
4.8 GB
112m
5.0 GB
5.0 GB
10.0 GB
10.0 GB
160m XL
Do not useb
7.0 GB
Do not useb
14.0 GB
a
Assuming a compression ratio of 2:1.
b
The 160m XL data cartridge is automatically ejected by the EXB-8205 and EXB-8505.
EXATAPE 160m XL 8mm data cartridges
All EXATAPE 160m XL data cartridges contain a Recognition System
stripe located on the tape leader for media identification. The
EXB-8205XL and EXB-8505XL use this stripe to distinguish data-quality
metal-particle media, such as EXATAPE, from other 160m media.
To maintain data integrity, the EXB-8205XL and EXB-8505XL
automatically eject 160m data cartridges or equivalent length video
cartridges that are not equipped with the Recognition System stripe. By
rejecting potentially inferior media, the extended-length tape drives
ensure greater data reliability and protect the read and write heads from
unnecessary wear.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to use the EXATAPE 160m XL media in
full-high 8mm Exabyte tape drives. Although these tape drives
will accept the 160m XL data cartridge, these cartridges are
not supported by the tape drives and should not be used.
44
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 2
Write-protecting a data cartridge
Before loading a data cartridge in the tape drive, make sure that the
write-protect switch on the cartridge is set correctly for the desired
operation. You can use a ball-point pen or similar instrument to set the
write-protect switch as shown:
Owner’s Manual
Ê
Write protect (colored tab fully visible)
Ë
Write enable (colored tab not visible)
45
Operating the tape drive
Loading a data cartridge
To load a data cartridge into the tape drive, follow these steps:
1. Make sure that the write-protect switch has been set correctly for
the desired operation, as explained on page 45.
2. If you have just powered on the tape drive, be sure that the bottom
and top LEDs are off, indicating that the tape drive has passed its
power-on self-test and is ready to load the data cartridge.
3. Gently push the data cartridge into the tape drive, as shown, until
the load mechanism pulls the data cartridge into the tape drive.
46
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 2
4. The tape drive automatically loads the data cartridge and positions
the tape to the logical beginning of tape (LBOT) within
approximately 45 seconds (assuming that the data cartridge has
already been rewound).
During the load operation, the tape drive determines the tape
format and the length of the tape. When the bottom LED is on
solid, the tape drive is ready.
Note: Most tape drives load the data cartridge automatically.
However, your application software may disable the
automatic load function. If the tape drive does not go
to the ready state after you insert the data cartridge,
consult your software documentation for information.
Unloading a data cartridge
The unload button is the only operator control on the tape drive. It is
used to unload the data cartridge from the tape drive.
The unload button can also be used to clear some hardware errors. If a
hardware error occurs, press the unload button to reset the tape drive.
To unload a data cartridge, press the unload button. The tape drive
completes the current operation, writes any buffered data to tape,
rewinds the tape, unloads the tape from the tape path, and ejects the
cartridge.
Note: Most tape drives unload the data cartridge
automatically when you press the unload button.
However, your application software may disable the
unload button. If the tape drive does not unload the
data cartridge when you press the unload button,
consult your software documentation for information.
Owner’s Manual
47
Operating the tape drive
Error during unload procedure
If an error exists before or during the unload procedure, the unload
sequence will be suspended and the orange LED will flash. To clear the
error, press the unload button again. The unload sequence will be
reattempted; however, unwritten data in the buffer will not be written to
tape. The buffer and errors will be cleared.
CAUTION
The first time you load a data cartridge after clearing an error,
use a data cartridge with no valuable information on it. Make
sure that the tape drive can successfully unload the data
cartridge before resuming operation.
If the error recurs, contact your dealer for assistance.
Resetting the tape drive
Occasionally, the tape drive may experience an error that cannot be
cleared by pressing the unload button. If this happens, reset the tape
drive by turning the power off, then on again.
CAUTION
Powering off the tape drive may reset the SCSI bus. To
prevent possible loss of data, make sure that any other
devices on the SCSI bus are inactive and have completed all
requested operations before powering off the tape drive.
48
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
3
Preventive maintenance
The only routine maintenance required by the tape drive is regular
cleaning of the tape drive heads and tape path. Proper storage and
maintenance of your data cartridges will maximize the shelf life of your
tapes and assure data integrity.
Exabyte cleaning cartridges
Use an Exabyte 8mm Cleaning Cartridge or an Exabyte-approved
cleaning cartridge to clean the tape drive. The Exabyte 8mm Cleaning
Cartridge contains a shed-free fabric tape that traps and removes debris
from tape drive heads and tape paths. By using this cleaning cartridge on
a regular basis, you maintain data integrity and improve reliability of the
tape drive. For information about ordering cleaning cartridges, see
page 63.
CAUTION
Using a cleaning method other than the Exabyte 8mm Cleaning
Cartridge or an Exabyte-approved cleaning cartridge will void
the tape warranty and can lead to premature wear of the
recording head.
Owner’s Manual
49
Preventive maintenance
Determining when to clean the tape drive
You should clean the tape drive’s heads and tape path either once a
month or after every 30 tape motion hours (or more frequently if you
are operating in a particularly dirty environment).
The tape drive keeps track of its tape motion hours internally. When
30 tape motion hours have elapsed, the top and bottom LEDs will flash
rapidly and the middle LED will flash irregularly, depending on SCSI bus
activity. For best results, clean the tape drive as soon as possible after the
LEDs begin flashing. The table on page 42 illustrates the LED pattern
indicating that the tape drive needs cleaning.
Note: Some backup software programs notify you when the
tape drive needs cleaning. Refer to your software
documentation for more information.
Using the cleaning cartridge
To use the cleaning cartridge, follow these steps:
1. Apply power to the tape drive. When the power-on self-test is
complete, press the unload button and remove any data cartridge
from the tape drive.
2. Check the cleaning cartridge to see if there is sufficient cleaning
material remaining on the supply reel. If there is no cleaning
material remaining, discard the cleaning cartridge and use a new one.
CAUTION
Do not rewind and reuse the cleaning cartridge. Reusing a
cleaning cartridge will redistribute contaminants previously
removed from the tape path.
50
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 3
Ê
Take-up reel
Ë
Supply reel
Ì
Cleaning material
3. Insert the cleaning cartridge in the tape drive. The cleaning cycle is
performed automatically by the tape drive and takes from 2 to
3 minutes. When the cleaning cycle is complete, the cleaning
cartridge is automatically unloaded and ejected from the tape drive.
Note: If there are no more cleaning cycles remaining for the
cleaning cartridge, the tape drive ejects it without
completing the cleaning cycle.
4. Confirm that a cleaning was done. Look at the LEDs on the front
of the tape drive. If the cleaning cycle was successful, the top and
bottom LEDs will be off. If the cleaning cycle was not performed,
the LEDs will continue to flash.
5. Store the cleaning cartridge for future use if it still has cycles
remaining. Or, discard it if no more cleaning cycles remain. You
may want to maintain a record of how many times the cleaning
cartridge has been used.
Owner’s Manual
51
Preventive maintenance
Caring for data cartridges
To maximize the shelf life of your tapes and assure data integrity, follow
these guidelines when storing data cartridges:
o Place a label or other reference information on the cartridge adjacent
to the write-protect switch. On the label, you may want to include
the cartridge number (log number), date of backup, and the format of
the tape.
o Keep cartridges in their protective boxes when not in use.
o Do not open the cartridge’s access door or touch the tape.
o Store cartridges in a cool, non-magnetic environment. Follow the
cartridge manufacturer’s specifications for storage temperature and
other environmental requirements. Do not allow the temperature and
humidity in the storage environment to fluctuate.
o Keep the storage location as free of airborne particulates as possible.
To eliminate obvious sources of particulates, do not permit anyone to
smoke, eat, or drink near the storage area, and do not store cartridges
near a copier or printer that may emit toner and paper dust.
o Store data cartridges as soon as possible after you have written data to
them. Immediate storage helps avoid many of the conditions that can
damage tapes, such as temperature and humidity fluctuation,
particulate contamination, and excessive handling.
o Store data cartridges with the write-protect switch in the protected
position. See page 45.
o Store each cartridge on one of its long edges, not flat on its side.
When a data cartridge is stored on its side, the tape inside the
cartridge is actually on its edge. In this position, stress is placed on the
tape edges and can lead to tape damage. For the same reason, never
stack cartridges on top of each other or lean them at an angle for
extended periods of time.
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EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 3
Replacing data cartridges
Approximately once each year, you may want to read all of the
information on a tape and check the read error statistics. If errors have
increased significantly since the previous test or if they exceed a certain
predetermined threshold, you should rearchive the data to a new tape
and discard the old tape.
Owner’s Manual
53
Preventive maintenance
Notes
54
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
4
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides suggestions for solving problems that may occur
when you are installing and operating your tape drive. These suggestions
are divided into the following sections:
o Problems with the tape drive installation
o Problems with the tape drive operation
o Problems reported by the application software
Often you can solve a problem you experience with your tape drive by
trying the steps recommended here. If your problem persists, contact your
dealer or Exabyte Sale Support for assistance (see Chapter 5).
Owner’s Manual
55
Troubleshooting
Problems with tape drive installation
Most problems during installation occur because the SCSI bus is not
correctly configured or the backup software is not correctly configured. If
your tape drive and backup software are not communicating after
installation or your software reports a hardware error, check the following:
56
3
Compatibility. Make sure that your tape drive is compatible with the
application software you plan to use. Refer to page 14 and the
Compatibility Matrix included in the accessory box.
3
Single-ended devices. Make sure all devices on the SCSI bus are
single-ended.
3
SCSI adapter installation. Make sure that you installed your SCSI
adapter card correctly. Refer to the documentation that came with
your card for installation and troubleshooting instructions. Pay special
attention to steps describing setting various jumpers and switches on
the card. Make sure that the card is properly seated.
3
Termination. Make sure that your SCSI bus is correctly terminated.
The devices on physical ends of the SCSI bus must be terminated. All
other devices on the SCSI bus must have the terminators removed.
Refer to pages 20 through 22 for information about terminating the
tape drive.
3
SCSI cabling. Make sure that the SCSI cable is securely connected at
both ends. Also check the length and integrity of your SCSI cabling.
The total length of all your SCSI data cables (both internal and
external) must not exceed 19.7 feet (6.0 meters). Try replacing
suspect cables with ones you know are good.
3
SCSI IDs. Make sure that the SCSI ID you selected for the tape drive
is not the same as the ID used by any other SCSI device, including
the SCSI adapter card. Refer to pages 17 through 19 for information
about setting the SCSI ID.
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 4
3
Power-on sequence. For the external tape drive, make sure that you
power on the tape drive before you power on the computer.
When you start your computer, the SCSI adapter card searches for
SCSI devices attached to the computer. If your tape drive is not
powered on at this point, the SCSI adapter card cannot detect it.
3
Software installation. Make sure that your backup software is installed
correctly. Refer to the documentation that came with your software for
installation and troubleshooting instructions. Pay special attention to
steps describing configuring the software for use with the tape drive.
After checking all the items listed, reset the SCSI bus by turning off the
tape drive and the computer. Then, power on the tape drive first,
followed by the computer.
CAUTION
To prevent possible loss of data, make sure that any other
devices on the SCSI bus are inactive and have completed all
requested operations before powering off the tape drive or
resetting the bus.
Problems with tape drive operation
Most problems with tape drive operation occur with improper cartridge
use. If you have been successfully operating your backup software and
tape drive in the past, but are now experiencing problems reading and
writing data, check the following:
Owner’s Manual
3
Write-protect switch. If you are writing data, make sure that the
data cartridge is write enabled.
3
Data cartridge brand. Check the brand of data cartridge you are
using. For best results, use EXATAPE™ data cartridges. See page 43
for more information.
57
Troubleshooting
3
Data cartridge compatibility. Make sure that the data cartridge is
compatible with your tape drive. Non-XL tape drives are not compatible
with XL 8mm data cartridges and will automatically eject them.
When selecting extended-length tapes for the XL tape drives, only
use EXATAPE 160m XL 8mm data cartridges. Any other type of
extended-length tape is automatically ejected. See page 43 for more
information.
3
Data cartridge insertion. Make sure that you are inserting the data
cartridge correctly. Refer to page 46 for instructions.
3
Data cartridge age. If the data cartridge has been in use for a long
time or if it has been used frequently, try using a new data cartridge.
3
Cleaning. Determine whether the tape drive needs cleaning. Refer to
page 50 for instructions.
If you are experiencing operating problems loading or unloading a data
cartridge, check the following:
3
Power. Make sure that your computer is powered on. If the computer
is off, the tape drive may not eject the data cartridge.
3
Software. Determine whether your application software disables the
tape drive automatic load function. If it does, you must use the
software to load the data cartridge.
3
Tape drive. The tape drive may have experienced a hardware error.
Press the unload button to clear the error, then try loading the data
cartridge again.
CAUTION
The first time you load a data cartridge after clearing an error,
use a data cartridge with no valuable information on it. Make
sure that the tape drive can successfully unload the data
cartridge before resuming operation.
58
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 4
3
SCSI bus. If the data cartridge still will not unload, reset the tape
drive by powering the tape drive off, then on again. If the problem
persists, power your computer off, then on again to reset the SCSI bus.
CAUTION
Powering off the tape drive may reset the SCSI bus. To
prevent possible loss of data, make sure that any other
devices on the SCSI bus are inactive and have completed all
requested operations before powering off the tape drive or
resetting the bus.
Problems reported by the application software
If you have been successfully operating your application software and
tape drive in the past, but the software now reports a media error, check
the following:
Owner’s Manual
3
Data cartridge present. Make sure that you have a data cartridge in
the tape drive.
3
Data cartridge brand. Make sure that you are using EXATAPE
data-grade media. See page 43 for more information.
3
Data cartridge age. If the data cartridge has been in use for a long
time or if it has been used frequently, try using a new data cartridge.
3
Cleaning. Clean the tape drive using an Exabyte or Exabyte-approved
8mm Cleaning Cartridge. Refer to page 50 for instructions.
59
Troubleshooting
If you have been successfully operating your application software and
tape drive in the past, but the software now reports a hardware error,
check the following:
3
Data cartridge. Try using a new data cartridge.
3
Tape drive. The tape drive may have experienced a hardware error.
Press the unload button to clear the error, then try loading the data
cartridge again.
CAUTION
The first time you load a data cartridge after clearing an error,
use a data cartridge with no valuable information on it. Make
sure that the tape drive can successfully unload the data
cartridge before resuming operation.
3
SCSI bus. If your software still reports an error, reset the tape drive
by powering the tape drive off, then on again. If the problem persists,
power your computer off, then on again to reset the SCSI bus.
CAUTION
Powering off the tape drive may reset the SCSI bus. To
prevent possible loss of data, make sure that any other
devices on the SCSI bus are inactive and have completed all
requested operations before powering off the tape drive or
resetting the bus.
60
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
5
Getting help
To resolve any problems with the tape drive, follow these steps:
1. Read Chapter 4, “Troubleshooting,” and refer to the section of this
manual or of your software documentation that discusses the area
where you are experiencing difficulty.
2. Call your dealer or service representative.
3. If you are still unable to resolve the problem, call Exabyte Sales
Support.
Contacting Exabyte Sales Support
If you have questions about the operation of the tape drive that you
cannot answer by consulting this manual or your dealer or service
representative, call or fax Exabyte Sales Support.
Before contacting Exabyte Sales Support, gather the following information
to help isolate the problem:
o The tape drive serial number (found on the top of the tape drive
housing or on the back of the tape drive enclosure)
o The tape drive FECODE and EECODE numbers (found on the
configuration label, see page 14)
Owner’s Manual
61
Getting help
o Application software name and version number
o Operating system (DOS, UNIX, OS/2, and so on) version number
o Computer brand name and model (name or number)
o SCSI adapter card brand name and model (name or number)
o An exact description of the problem, including what you were doing
before the problem occurred, what happened, and what you expected
to happen
You may also need to know:
o
o
o
o
Amount of RAM available
The exact contents of your AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files
Any special add-on equipment not part of a standard integrated system
Other software you were using at the time the problem occurred
Exabyte Sales Support phone numbers
Exabyte Sales Support is available in the United States from 8:00 a.m. to
6:30 p.m. Central Standard Time.
Phone: 1-800-825-4727 or 1-913-492-6002
62
Fax:
1-913-492-2465
BBS:
1-913-492-8751 or 1-303-447-7100 – Available 24 hours a day,
7 days a week. Connect at up to 9600 baud with 8 data bits,
1 stop bit, and no parity. All files are password protected. Call
either of the phone numbers above to obtain a password.
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 5
Note: If it is more convenient to your location, contact Exabyte
Technical Support in Holland at the following numbers:
Phone: (31) 3403-51347
Fax:
(31) 3403-51230
BBS:
(31) 3403-51258
Ordering supplies from Exabyte
You can order data cartridges, cleaning cartridges, and manuals directly
from Exabyte. To place an order, call:
Phone: 1-800-EXATAPE (1-800-392-8273) or
1-303-442-4333 and ask for Exabyte Direct
Fax:
Owner’s Manual
1-303-447-7689
63
Getting help
Returning the tape drive for repair
If it is determined that your tape drive requires repair and you need to
return it to the factory for service, follow these instructions to ensure
rapid, accurate turnaround:
1.
Contact Exabyte Direct Service to obtain a Return Materials
Authorization (RMA) number and the shipping address. Call:
Phone: 1-800-EXATAPE (1-800-392-8273) or
1-303-442-4333 and ask for Exabyte Direct
Fax:
1-303-447-7689
Note: If it is more convenient to your location, contact
Exabyte Service in Scotland at the following numbers:
Phone: (44) 0324-564564
Fax:
2.
(44) 0324-564500
Pack the tape drive in its original shipping container and packing
materials. If you do not have the original container, you can obtain
one from your dealer or Exabyte Direct Service.
Important: Only original equipment manufactured by
# Exabyte
will be accepted for service. Enclosures, brackets,
or cables not originally manufactured by Exabyte will be
returned unrepaired, freight collect.
64
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Chapter 5
Internal tape drive packaging
External tape drive packaging
3.
Include a description of the problem with the tape drive in the
shipping container.
4.
Write the RMA number on the outside of the shipping container.
Otherwise, Exabyte will not accept the package.
Important: You must obtain an RMA number before
# returning
a tape drive to Exabyte. Packages received
without an RMA number clearly marked on the box will
be returned unrepaired, freight collect.
5.
Owner’s Manual
Write your return address on the outside of the shipping container.
65
Getting help
Moving the tape drive
To ship your tape drive or move it a long distance, repack it using the
original packing materials. If you do not have the original shipping
container, contact your dealer or service representative for shipping
instructions. If the tape drive is not properly protected for shipping, your
warranty may be voided.
CAUTION
66
❏
To avoid damaging the tape drive and voiding your
warranty, use the original shipping materials (or
replacement materials from your dealer).
❏
To ensure that the packaging meets the required
specifications, do not modify it in any way.
❏
Do not use the shipping carton and packing materials to
ship items other than or in addition to the tape drive.
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Appendixes
Appendix A Installation requirements
Note: This appendix does not apply to the external tape drive.
This appendix provides guidelines for installing the internal tape drive
when it is not installed in a drive bay. This includes the following tasks:
o
o
o
o
Attaching the tape drive to a frame (below)
Installing a remote SCSI ID switch (page 69)
Providing chassis grounding (page 69)
Connecting the tape drive to the power supply (page 70)
Refer to the EXB-8205 and EXB-8505 Product Specification for Standard
and eXtended-Length Configurations for detailed installation specifications
for the tape drives.
Attaching the tape drive to a frame
The main housing of the tape drive includes two sets of mounting holes
(one set on the sides and one set on the bottom, as shown in the
following figures) to allow for a number of mounting positions. These
mounting holes accommodate M3−0.5 × 6 mm screws.
When mounting the tape drive, follow these guidelines:
o The mounting location must meet the specified limits for operating
temperature, humidity, airflow, particulate contamination, shock, and
vibration.
o The tape drive must be mounted solidly and securely. To ensure
reliability, there must be no distortion of the tape drive’s metal
housing. Do not install the tape drive in such a way that its frame is
unsupported. For example, do not hang the tape drive by an edge.
Owner’s Manual
67
Appendix A Installation requirements
o Use at least four mounting holes to secure the tape drive. Use the four
holes from only one set (“A,” “B,” or “C,” as shown in the following
figures). Using combinations of mounting holes from different sets may
distort the frame.
o Objects such as screw heads, cables, or adjacent devices must not
press against the frame of the tape drive.
68
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Appendixes
o The ventilation slots at the sides and top of the tape drive must be
free of obstruction so that adequate airflow is provided.
o There must be sufficient space to access and operate the front panel
controls.
Installing a remote SCSI ID switch
If you want to set the SCSI ID remotely, you can attach a remote switch
assembly (not provided with the tape drive) to the tape drive’s SCSI ID
jumper block. To set the SCSI ID with a remote switch, follow these
steps:
1. Locate the SCSI ID jumper block on the back of the tape drive, as
shown on page 19.
2. If necessary, remove the jumpers from the pins.
3. Connect a remote switch to the jumper block. Ensure that the
remote switch is no more than 12 inches (30.5 cm) from the jumper
block.
4. Change the settings on the remote switch to the correct SCSI ID
for your configuration. The switch settings should emulate the
jumper positions shown on page 19.
Providing chassis grounding (optional)
If additional chassis grounding is desired, connect a 1⁄4-inch female spade
connector to the grounding tab on the back of the tape drive. The
grounding tab is shown on page 30.
Note: The power supply returns are connected to the chassis,
so you cannot isolate logic common ground from
chassis ground.
Owner’s Manual
69
Appendix A Installation requirements
Connecting a power cable
The tape drive operates from standard +5 VDC and +12 VDC supply
voltages; it cannot use external AC power. Safety agency certification
requires that the supplied voltage be from a Safety Extra-Low Voltage
source (per IEC 950). Refer to Appendix B for tape drive power
specifications.
CAUTION
The tape drive does not provide any overvoltage or over
current protection. For this reason, be certain that the power
is off before connecting the tape drive to a power supply.
The power connector used in the tape drive is compatible with power
connectors used for standard 5.25-inch devices. To connect the tape
drive to a power cable, use an AMP 1-480424-0 series or equivalent
female connector.
70
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Appendixes
Appendix B Tape drive specifications
General
Capacitya – EXB-8205
EXB-8205XL
EXB-8505
EXB-8505XL
Interface
Up to 5.0 GB on one 112m data cartridge b
Up to 7.0 GB on one 160m XL data cartridge b
Up to 10.0 GB on one 112m data cartridgec
Up to 14.0 GB on one 160m XL data cartridgec
SCSI-1 and SCSI-2, single-ended
Maximum Sustained Data Transfer Rate
8200 format
8200c formata
8500 format (EXB-8505 only)
8500c format (EXB-8505 only) a
262 KB/sec
500 KB/sec
500 KB/sec
1.0 MB/sec
Physical Characteristics
Size – Internal
External
Weight – Internal
External
4.1 cm high × 14.6 cm wide × 20.3 cm deep
(1.62 × 5.75 × 8.00 inches)
7.6 cm high × 22.9 cm wide × 27.9 cm deep
(3.0 × 9.0 × 11.0 inches)
1.2 kilograms (2.6 pounds)
3.6 kilograms (8.0 pounds)
Environmental
Ambient temperature
Relative humidity – Operating
Wet bulb
+5°C to +40°C (+41°F to +104°F)
20% to 80%, non-condensing
25°C (79°F) maximum
Power and Reliability
Input voltages – Internal
External
Power consumption – Internal
External
Mean time between failure
a
b
c
Standard +5 VDC and +12 VDC ±5%
Accepts 120 or 240 VAC at 50 to 60 Hz. Automatic
input voltage selection.
14.5 watts
30 watts
160,000 hours @ 10% duty cycle
Assuming a 2:1 compression ratio
8200c (compressed) format
8500c (compressed) format
Owner’s Manual
71
Appendix C Glossary
Appendix C Glossary
address
bus
byte
backup
Canadian DOC
capacity
CTS
72
See SCSI ID.
A signal line or a set of signal lines used by an interface
system (for example, SCSI) to connect a number of devices
in order to transfer information to and from those devices.
For example, the SCSI cable used to connect the tape drive
to the SCSI adapter card serves as a bus.
A unit of data or storage capacity equal to 1 character or
8 bits. If a file contains 1,567 bytes of data, it contains
exactly that number of characters.
Copying files from disk to tape for security against data loss
or corruption of files.
Canadian Department of Communications
The amount of data that a data cartridge can hold. Refer to
page 44 for information about the capacity of data cartridges.
Data compression increases the storage capacity of a data
cartridge.
Cartridge Tape Subsystem. Formal name for a tape drive.
data compression
The process used to increase the capacity of a data cartridge
by an average of two times. Compression allows the tape
drive to write more data to a segment of tape.
EECODE
The name and revision level of the firmware stored on tape
drive’s EEPROM. The EECODE contains a number of
software switches that turn different options (for example
the recording format) on or off within the firmware. The
EECODE version loaded in the tape drive must be
compatible with the SCSI adapter card and backup software.
EEPROM
Electronically erasable programmable read only memory.
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Appendixes
eXtended-Length tape
FCC
Federal Communications Commission.
FECODE
The name and revision level of firmware stored on the
tape drive’s FEPROM. The FECODE contains
configuration parameters used for internal control of the
tape drive functions. The FECODE version loaded in
the tape drive must be compatible with the SCSI adapter
card and backup software.
FEPROM
Flash erasable programmable read only memory.
GB
Gigabyte. A gigabyte is equal to approximately one billion
bytes.
ID
Identification.
KB
Kilobyte. A kilobyte is equal to 1,024 bytes.
LBOT
Logical beginning of tape.
LED
Light emitting diode.
MB
Megabyte. A megabyte is equal to approximately one
million bytes.
mm
Millimeter (0.03937 inches).
SCSI
SCSI bus
Owner’s Manual
A specially manufactured, 160m extended length data
cartridge. The 160m XL tapes are equipped with a
Recognition System stripe, located on the tape leader.
This leader allows an XL tape drive to recognize the tape
as data-quality metal-particle media. XL tapes are not
compatible with and are automatically ejected by non-XL
half-high tape drives. Full-high, non-XL tape drives will
accept XL tapes but are not compatible with them.
Small Computer Systems Interface.
See bus.
73
Appendix C Glossary
SCSI ID
single-ended device
terminator
XL
VDC
74
A unique address (0 to 7) assigned to a SCSI device attached
to a SCSI bus.
A SCSI configuration that uses one signal line to transmit a
bus signal between devices. The tape drives described in this
manual are single-ended devices, which means that all other
devices on the bus must be single-ended devices also (not
differential, which use two signal lines.)
The terminating plug required at both physical ends of a
SCSI bus.
eXtended Length. Tape drives capable of using EXATAPE
160m eXtended-Length data cartridges. Do not use XL data
cartridges with non-XL tape drives.
Volts DC.
EXB–8205 and EXB–8505
Index
drive
See tape drive
A
accessory kit, contents 13
adapter card
installing and configuring
terminators 22
16
B
bus
See SCSI bus
C
cable requirements
internal power 70
remote SCSI ID switch 69
cartridges
See data cartridges
chassis grounding 30, 69
cleaning the tape drive
frequency 50
instructions 50
compatibility, determining 14
computer, preparing 16, 23 – 24
customer support 61
D
data cartridges
available from Exabyte 44
care of 52 – 53
caution after clearing an error 48
extended-length 44
in accessory kit 14
loading 46
replacing 53
requirements 43 – 44
storing 52 – 53
unloading 47 – 48
write-protecting 45
differential SCSI bus, caution 11
E
electrostatic discharge
See ESD
ESD, protecting against 12
Exabyte Sales Support 61 – 62
EXB-8205 and EXB-8205XL
identifying 8
EXB-8505 and EXB-8505XL
identifying 8
extended-length data cartridges 44
external tape drive
initial power-on 38 – 39
installing 31 – 34
post-installation test 38 – 39
power-on procedure 34 – 37
SCSI termination 22
setting the SCSI ID 19
F
firmware, determining compatibility
14
G
grounding, chassis
30, 69
I
initial power-on 38 – 39
installation
attaching to a frame 67 – 69
connecting a remote SCSI ID switch 69
connecting the power supply 29, 34
connecting to the SCSI bus 17, 33
grounding 30, 69
in non-DOS/Novell environments 23
initial power-on 38 – 39
post-installation test 38 – 39
power cable requirements 70
installation (continued)
preparing for 12 – 14, 16
setting the SCSI ID 17 – 19
software 37
internal tape drive
initial power-on 38 – 39
installing 23 – 29
post-installation test 38 – 39
power-on procedure 34 – 37
SCSI bus termination 20
setting the SCSI ID 18
power switch, location on external tape
drive 36
power-on procedure 34 – 37
power-on self-test
description 35
LEDs during 36
preventive maintenance 49 – 54
R
LEDs
states indicated by 41 – 42
using to identify 8
load procedure 46 – 47
R-packs
See terminators
registering your tape drive 15
remote switch for setting SCSI ID
required tools 16
resetting the tape drive 48
resistor terminators
See terminators
M
S
maintenance
See preventive maintenance
mounting rails
in accessory kit 13
installing 24 – 26
non-standard or custom 16
mounting requirements 67 – 69
safety and emissions standards 3
SCSI adapter card
See adapter card
SCSI bus
connecting the tape drive to 17, 26 – 28, 33
defined 72
differential bus caution 11
external terminator 13
reset with caution 59
resetting 59 – 60
single-ended 11
terminating 20 – 22
SCSI cable
connecting the external 33
connecting the internal 26 – 28
in accessory kit 13
SCSI ID 17 – 19
jumper location on internal tape drive 18
setting with remote switch 69
switch location on external tape drive 19
service 64
shipping the tape drive 64 – 65
L
O
operating the tape drive
41 – 48
P
packing the tape drive 64 – 65
power cable
connecting external 34
connecting internal 29
for external tape drive 13
for internal tape drive 13
requirements for external 14
requirements for internal 70
power off, caution 48
power supply
connecting the tape drive 29, 34, 70
69
software
determining compatibility 14
determining when to install 16
guidelines for installing 37
supplies, ordering 63
support 61
T
tape
See data cartridges
tape drive
cleaning 49 – 51
clearing an error condition 58
compatibility with software 14
connecting a remote SCSI ID switch 69
connecting to power 29, 34, 70
controls and indicators 41 – 42
differences between models 7 – 8
initial power-on 38
installing 17 – 26, 28 – 34, 67 – 70
loading a data cartridge 46
moving 66
packing and shipping 64 – 65
post-installation test 38 – 39
power-on procedure 34 – 37
providing chassis grounding 30, 69
requirements for returning for service 65
reset with caution 48
resetting 48
returning 64
specifications 71
troubleshooting 39, 55 – 60
unloading a data cartridge 47 – 48
unpacking 13
using extended-length data cartridges 43 – 44
termination
defined 20
for the SCSI bus 20 – 22
terminators
for external tape drive 13, 22
for internal tape drive 20 – 21
for SCSI bus 20
requirements for internal 21
troubleshooting
hardware errors reported by software 60
installation problems 39, 56
media errors reported by software 59
power-on problems 37
tape drive operation problems 57
U
unload button 47
unload procedure 47 – 48
unpacking instructions 13
W
warranty card 14 – 15
write-protecting a data cartridge
X
XL tape drives
data cartridges
identifying 8
44
45
Notes