N.Plug
Wireless b/g/n Power Adapter
Access Point
User’s Manual
1
Copyright and Disclaimer
Copyright & Disclaimer
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, whether
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or recording without the written consent of OvisLink
Corp.
OvisLink Corp. has made the best effort to ensure the accuracy of the information in this
user’s guide. However, we are not liable for the inaccuracies or errors in this guide.
Please use with caution. All information is subject to change without notice
All Trademarks are properties of their respective holders.
This product contains some codes from GPL. In compliance with GPL agreement, AirLive
will publish the GPL codes on our website. Please go to www.airlive.com and go to the
"Support → GPL" menu to download source code
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AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
Copyright and Disclaimer
FCC Statement
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement This equipment has been
tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in
a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the
following measures:
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
z
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
z
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation. For product available in the USA/Canada market, only channel 1~11 can be
operated. Selection of other channels is not possible.
This device and its antenna(s) must not be co-located or operation in conjunction with any
other antenna or transmitter.
IMPORTANT NOTE
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance
20cm between the radiator & your body.
NOTICE: the domain name of our e-mail address is being shifted from adt.com.tw to
tw.bureauveritas.com. The old e-mail address is still valid till mid-2010. Please modify
your address book to keep contact information correct and up-to-date.
AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
ii
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1. Introduction ................................................................................................1
1.1 Overview..............................................................................................1
1.2 Firmware Upgrade and Tech Support ..................................................1
1.3 Product Features .................................................................................2
1.4 Physical Details....................................................................................3
1.4.1 Status LED/WPS .................................................................................................... 3
1.4.2 Upper Switch........................................................................................................... 4
1.4.3 Bottom View ............................................................................................................ 5
2. Operation Modes........................................................................................7
2.1 Router Mode ........................................................................................7
2.2 Access Point Mode ..............................................................................8
2.3 Repeater Mode ....................................................................................9
2.3.1 Repeater Mode (Default Mode) ........................................................................... 9
2.3.2 Repeating Router ................................................................................................... 9
2.3.3 Client Mode ........................................................................................................... 11
3. Installation ................................................................................................13
3.1 Hardware Connection ........................................................................13
3.1.1 AP/Router Mode .................................................................................................. 13
3.1.2 Repeater Mode .................................................................................................... 13
3.2 Login ..................................................................................................15
3.3 Common Connection Types...............................................................18
3.3.1 Cable Modems..................................................................................................... 18
3.3.2 DSL Modems ....................................................................................................... 18
3.3.3 Other Modems (e.g. Broadband Wireless) ..................................................... 19
4. Web Configuration ...................................................................................20
4.1 Setup Wizard .....................................................................................21
4.1.1 Router Mode ......................................................................................................... 21
4.1.2 Repeater Mode .................................................................................................... 24
4.1.3 AP Mode ............................................................................................................... 26
4.2
Wireless ..........................................................................................27
4.2.1 Basic Settings ...................................................................................................... 27
4.2.1.1 AP/Router ..................................................................................................... 27
4.2.1.2 Repeater....................................................................................................... 29
4.2.2 Advanced Settings .............................................................................................. 37
4.2.3 Security ................................................................................................................. 39
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Table of Contents
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
4.2.7
4.2.8
4.3
Internet Setting................................................................................50
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.3.6
4.3.7
4.3.8
4.4
WAN Interface...................................................................................................... 50
Port Filtering......................................................................................................... 57
IP Filtering ............................................................................................................ 58
Port Forwarding ................................................................................................... 59
URL Filtering ........................................................................................................ 60
DMZ....................................................................................................................... 61
DDNS .................................................................................................................... 62
Router Setup ........................................................................................................ 63
System ............................................................................................65
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.4.5
4.4.6
4.4.7
4.5
Access Control..................................................................................................... 42
WDS Settings....................................................................................................... 43
Site Survey ........................................................................................................... 47
WPS ...................................................................................................................... 48
Schedule............................................................................................................... 49
LAN Interface ....................................................................................................... 65
Time Zone Setting ............................................................................................... 68
Denial-of-Service................................................................................................. 70
Upgrade Firmware .............................................................................................. 71
Save/Reload Setting ........................................................................................... 72
Password .............................................................................................................. 72
QoS........................................................................................................................ 73
Ststus ..............................................................................................75
4.5.1 Status .................................................................................................................... 75
4.5.2 Statistics................................................................................................................ 76
4.5.3 Log......................................................................................................................... 77
4.6
Reboot.............................................................................................77
5. PC Configuration .....................................................................................78
5.1
Overview .........................................................................................78
5.2
Windows Clients..............................................................................78
5.2.1 TCP/IP Settings – Overview ............................................................................... 78
5.2.2 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000..................................................... 79
5.2.3 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP ....................................................... 81
5.2.4 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows Vista.................................................... 83
5.2.5 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 7 .......................................................... 85
5.2.6 Internet Access .................................................................................................... 87
5.2.7 Macintosh Clients ................................................................................................ 89
5.2.8 Linux Clients......................................................................................................... 89
5.2.9 Other Unix Systems ............................................................................................ 90
5.2.10Wireless Station Configuration.......................................................................... 90
Appendix A: Troubleshooting.....................................................................92
Appendix B: About Wireless LANs ............................................................95
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1. Introduction
1
1. Introduction
1.1 Overview
The AirLive N.Plug is a wireless B/G/N multi-mode (Repeater/AP/Router) network device
with support of 3G USB dongle and xDSL WAN. The size and casing of the device are
compact and well designed which is great for users want to travel light but desire for
complete wireless function support as well. N.Plug in repeater mode is also great for users
who are looking to extend their current wireless network but use as little configuration as
possible.
If not specify, “Wireless Router” means N.Plug in the following paragraph.
1.2 Firmware Upgrade and Tech Support
If you encounter a technical issue that can not be resolved by information on this guide, we
recommend that you visit our comprehensive website support at www.airlive.com. The
tech support FAQ are frequently updated with latest information.
In addition, you might find new firmwares that either increase software functions or provide
bug fixes for N.Plug. You can reach our on-line support center at the following link:
http://www.airlive.com/support/support_2.jsp
Since 2009, AirLive has added the “Newsletter Instant Support System” on our website.
AirLive Newsletter subscribers receives instant email notifications when there are new
download or tech support FAQ updates for their subscribed airlive models. To become an
AirLive newsletter member, please visit: http://www.airlive.com/member/member_3.jsp
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1. Introduction
Figure 1.1: AirLive Newsletter Support System
1.3 Product Features
„ Repeater, AP, Router all-in-one compact design!
„ Extend your coverage distance of current wireless network!
„ Configuration free with WPS
„ Easy-installation!! Plug directly onto electric socket/outlet!
„ IEEE 802.11 B/G/N standard
„ Support 3G/3.5G USB dongle and xDSL WAN
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1. Introduction
1.4 Physical Details
1.4.1 Status LED/WPS
WPS button
Press the physical WPS button on the Wireless Router once, or go
to enable the WPS function via web configuration (Go to Wireless >
WPS page), then the LED will start to flash. Please make a
connection with other WPS supported device within 2 minutes.
LED Behavior
LED
POWER
Printed
PWR
Color
Green
3
Behavior
Indication
Off
Power off
On
Power on
Flashing
System is resetting.
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1. Introduction
Internet
Wireless
LAN
WAN/LAN
1 port
(Ethernet)
Internet
WLAN
WAN/LAN1
LAN 2 Port
LAN2
(Ethernet)
Yellow
Yellow
Green
Green
Flashing
Try to surf Internet
Off
Surfing Internet is successfully
On
Fail to surf Internet
Off
WLAN function off
On
WLAN link / active
Flashing
WLAN traffic transmitting
Off
No Ethernet cable connecting
On
Ethernet cable connected
Flashing
Receiving/ sending data
Off
No Ethernet cable connecting
On
Ethernet cable connected
Flashing
Receiving/ sending data
1.4.2 Upper Switch
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1. Introduction
Hardware Mode Selector and USB port
AP
In order switch to AP mode, User need to MANUALLY flick the
hardware switch to the line labeled AP. The device will reboot
which takes about 45 seconds. After the device has fully started, it
will automatically into the selected AP mode.
Repeater
This is the DEFAULT mode when release from factory. In order
switch to Repeater mode, User need to MANUALLY flick the
hardware switch to the line labeled Repeater. The device will
reboot which takes about 45 seconds. After the device has fully
started, it will automatically into the selected Repeater mode.
Router
In order switch to Router mode, User need to MANUALLY flick the
hardware switch to the line labeled Router. The device will reboot
which takes about 45 seconds. After the device has fully started, it
will automatically into the selected Router mode.
USB Port
2.0 USB port which provide access for 3G/3.5G USB dongle. For
the compatibly 3G/3.5G dongle support list, please refer to Appendix
section.
1.4.3 Bottom View
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1. Introduction
Hardware Radio switch, WAN/LAN1 port, LAN2 port and R-SMA Antenna Connector
WAN/LAN1 port
(Ethernet)
When the mode sets to AP mode and user can use standard LAN
cable (RJ-45 connector) to connect his/her PC with this port, it will
automatically function as an "Uplink" port
When the mode sets to Router mode, connect the ADSL or Cable
Modem here with RJ45 cable. If your modem came with a cable, use
the supplied cable, otherwise, use a standard LAN cable (RJ45
connectors).
When the mode sets to Repeater (Repeating Router), it will serve as
standard LAN port will shares the internet connection from Wireless.
LAN2 port
(Ethernet)
When the mode sets to Router mode and user can use standard
LAN cable (RJ-45 connector) to connect his/her PC with this port, it
will enable the device to share the internet connection from
WAN/LAN1.
Power ON/OFF
switch
User will able to turn on and off the N.Plug with this hardware switch.
R-SMA Antenna
Connector
User will connect the provided R-SMA antenna by screw the
antenna in a clockwise direction to the bottom panel of the device.
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2. Operation Modes
2
2. Operation
Modes
This device provides operational applications with Router, AP and Repeater modes, which
are mutually exclusive. This device is shipped with configuration that is functional right out
of the box. If you want to change the settings in order to perform more advanced
configuration or even change the mode of operation, you can manually switch to the mode
you desire by the manufacturer as described in the following sections. The default setting
mode is Repeater mode.
Switch Bar
2.1 Router Mode
When set to Router mode, ensure you are using the wireless LAN interface, connect the
Wireless Router with computer via radio frequency. In this mode, the device is supposed to
connect to internet via ADSL/Cable Modem or with 3G/3.5G USB dongle. Connect the
ADSL modem to the Ethernet port of the Wireless Router by Ethernet cable or Connect the
3G/3.5G USB dongle at the USB 2.0 Port. After connected successfully, user can login
the web page of the Wireless Router to set up the Internet connection by using PPPoE,
DHCP client, PPTP client, L2TP client or static IP.
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2. Operation Modes
2.2 Access Point Mode
When acting as an Access Point (AP), this device connects all the stations (PC/notebook
with wireless network adapter) to a wireless network.
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2. Operation Modes
2.3 Repeater Mode
There are three selectable sub modes under Repeater.
2.3.1 Repeater Mode (Default Mode)
If the sub mode sets to Repeater (Universal Repeater) mode, it can also extend the
wireless coverage of another wireless AP or router. But the universal repeater does not
require the remote device to have WDS function. Therefore, it can work with almost any
wireless device.
Note: When you are using the universal repeater mode, please make sure the remote
AP/Router‘s WDS function is turned off.
2.3.2 Repeating Router
For entering Repeating Router Mode, user needs to set the hardware switch to Repeater
first. Then user can access to the web user interface of N.Plug, either use the Wizard
function or just go to “Wireless Æ Basic” for selecting the Repeating Mode via the drop
down box.
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AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
2. Operation Modes
If set to Repeater (Repeating Router) mode, In Repeating Router mode, the AP will
behave just the same as the Client mode for wireless function. However, Router functions
are added between the wireless WAN side and the Ethernet LAN side. Therefore, the ISP
Subscriber can share the Repeating Router connection without the need for extra router
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2. Operation Modes
2.3.3 Client Mode
For entering Client Mode, user needs to set the hardware switch to Repeater first. Then
user can access to the web user interface of N.Plug, either use the Wizard function or just
go to “Wireless Æ Basic” for selecting the Client Mode via the drop down box.
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AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
2. Operation Modes
If set to Repeater (Client) mode, If set to Client mode, this device can work like a wireless
station when it’s connected to a computer so that the computer can send packets from
wired end to wireless interface.
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3. Installation
3
3. Installation
3.1 Hardware Connection
3.1.1 AP/Router Mode
Connect via RJ-45 (Ethernet) cable
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Set N.Plug in “AP mode” or “Router” Mode by using the hardware switch at the top of
N.Plug
For Router mode, please connect Internet line to the WAN port. For 3G sharing,
please connect your 3G USB dongle to the USB port.
Connect the LAN cable to the LAN port
If you have selected the AP mode, please make sure you have configured the PC’s IP
address to the same subnet as the N.Plug. (for example, 192.168.1.50)
Open the web browser and enter N.Plug’s IP address (default 192.168.1.253).
Choose the “Wizard” to complete the setup.
3.1.2 Repeater Mode
Configure one N.Plug as Repeater with WPS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set N.Plug in “Repeater mode” by using the hardware switch at the top of N.Plug.
Plug-in N.Plug at the electrical outlet and wait about 2 minutes for devices to complete
boot up.
Press the WPS push button for 5 seconds on the existing AP or Router. (If your
AP/Router doesn’t have WPS Push Button. Please refer to its user’s guide on the CD
for instructions).
Then within one minute, press the WPS push button on the N.Plug for 5 seconds until
the WLAN LED is on and without flashing.
Wait for 2 minutes for the connection to establish between N.Plug and the AP/Router.
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AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
3. Installation
Configure one N.Plug as Repeater without WPS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Set N.Plug in “Repeater mode” by using the hardware switch at the top of N.Plug.
Plug-in N.Plug at the electrical outlet and wait about 2 minutes for devices to complete
boot up.
Access WEB UI of N.Plug by enter http://192.168.1.253 in the URL box of Web
Browser (IE/Firefox/Safari)
Enter UserID/Password as admin/airlive
After Logged in, click at Wizard at top panel of the page.
Click at the Site survey button
Choose the SSID of your Router/AP device, and press OK.
Press Next Button
Select corresponded Encryption of your Router/AP device
Select the Pre-Shared Key format of your Router/AP device
Enter Pre-Share Key
Press Finish and wait for N.Plug to reboot
Wait for 2 minutes for the connection to establish between N.Plug and the Router/AP.
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3. Installation
3.2 Login
Step1. Make sure the connection between your computer and Wireless Router setup
successfully.
Step2. Start your Web Browser.
Step3. In the Address box, enter the IP address of the Wireless Router, as in this example,
which uses the Wireless Router's default IP address: http://192.168.1.253.
Step4. After connected successfully, the following screen will show up. Simply enter the
username “admin” and password “airlive” to login (case-sensitive).
After login successfully, please click the Setup Wizard item that provides a primary
configuration of this device. You may enter each screen to change the default settings step
by step.
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3. Installation
If you cannot connect...
If the Wireless Router does not respond, please check following:
Step1. The Wireless Router is properly installed and connection with computer is OK,
and it is already powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping"
command:
Step2. Please go to Start>Run…> Enter “cmd” command in the column to open the
MS-DOS window.
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3. Installation
Step3. Enter the command: ping 192.168.1.253
Step4. If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or your PC's IP
address is not compatible with the Wireless Router's IP address. (See next item.)
Step5. If your PC is using a fixed IP address, its IP address must be within the range
192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.252 to be compatible with the Wireless Router's default
IP Address of 192.168.1.253. Also, the Network Mask must be set to
255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration for details on checking your
PC's TCP/IP settings.
Step6. Ensure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the same network segment.
(If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)
Step7. When set to AP/Client mode, ensure you are using the wired LAN interface,
connect the computer by Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port of the Wireless
Router.
Step8. When set to Router mode, ensure you are using the wireless interface, connect
the Wireless Router with computer via radio frequency. The Wireless interface
can only be used if its configuration matches computer’s wireless settings.
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3. Installation
3.3 Common Connection Types
3.3.1 Cable Modems
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic IP
Address
Your IP Address is
allocated automatically,
when you connect to
you ISP.
Usually, none.
Static (Fixed) IP
Address
Your ISP allocates a
permanent IP Address
to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
However, some ISP's may require you to
use a particular Hostname, Domain
name, or MAC (physical) address.
Some ISP's may also require you to use a
particular Hostname, Domain name, or
MAC (physical) address.
3.3.2 DSL Modems
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic IP
Address
Your IP Address is
allocated automatically,
when you connect to
you ISP.
None.
Static (Fixed) IP
Address
Your ISP allocates a
permanent IP Address
to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
PPPoE
You connect to the ISP
only when required. The
IP address is usually
allocated automatically.
User name and password.
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3. Installation
PPTP
L2TP
Mainly used in Europe.
1. PPTP Server IP Address.
You connect to the ISP
only when required. The
IP address is usually
allocated automatically,
but may be Static
(Fixed).
2. User name and password.
Mainly used in Europe.
1. L2TP Server IP Address.
You connect to the ISP
only when required. The
IP address is usually
allocated automatically,
but may be Static
(Fixed).
2. User name and password.
3. IP Address allocated to you, if Static
(Fixed).
3. IP Address allocated to you, if Static
(Fixed).
3.3.3 Other Modems (e.g. Broadband Wireless)
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic IP
Address
Your IP Address is
allocated automatically,
when you connect to
you ISP.
None
Static (Fixed) IP
Address
Your ISP allocates a
permanent IP Address
to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
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4. Web Configuration
4
4. Web
Configuration
After login successfully, please click the Setup Wizard item that provides a primary
configuration of this device. You may enter each screen to change the default settings step
by step.
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4. Web Configuration
4.1 Setup Wizard
The setup wizard will guide you to configure access point for first time. Please follow the
setup wizard step by step.
4.1.1 Router Mode
Step 1- Wireless Setting
User can set the SSID, wireless encryption in this page.
SSID
A SSID is referred to a network name because essentially it is a
name that identifies a wireless network (case-sensitive).
Encryption Key
We have chosen the WPS2-PSK encryption type for you. If you
wish to change to other encryption type, please go to “Wireless Æ
Basic Setting” for further configuration.
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AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
4. Web Configuration
Step2- WAN Configuration
You can select the WAN connection type in this page. N.Plug supports DHCP, Static IP,
L2TP, PPTP, PPPoE, BigPond, and 3G. We will take the PPPoE as an example here.
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4. Web Configuration
WAN Connection
Type
If the PPPoE be selected, user have to set up the user name and
password according to the ISP that provided the related
information. User Name: Enter the username that provide by your
ISP provider. Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case
sensitive).
Password: Enter the password that provide by your ISP provider.
Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
User Name
Enter the username that provide by your ISP provider. Maximum
input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case-sensitive).
Password
Enter the password that provide by your ISP provider. Maximum
input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case-sensitive).
Step3- Finish and Reboot
Once the configuration is done, please click on the Finish button for applying the setting.
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4. Web Configuration
4.1.2 Repeater Mode
Step 1- Mode Selection and Site Survey
User can further select one of the three sub mode in this page. There are three sub modes
supported by N.Plug. We will take Repeater mode as an example here.
Mode Selection
Repeater:
Using repeater mode, N.Plug can also extend the wireless
coverage of another wireless AP or router.
Repeating Router:
In Repeating Router mode, the AP will behave just the same as
the Client mode for wireless function. However, router functions
are added between the wireless WAN side and the Ethernet LAN
side. Therefore, the WISP subscriber can share the WISP
connection without the need for extra router.
Client:
If set to Client (Infrastructure) mode, N.Plug can work like a
wireless station when it’s connected to a computer so that the
computer can send packets from wired end to wireless interface.
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4. Web Configuration
Site Survey
You can use this page to search the remote AP you wanted. After
clicking on the Site Survey button, N.Plug will list all availability
AP’s or Routers in range. Please select your desired AP and click.
Step 2- Set Encryption
User can set the SSID manually and configure the encryption of the wireless connection
here.
Once the configuration is done, please click on the Finish button for applying the setting.
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4. Web Configuration
4.1.3 AP Mode
Step 1- Wireless Setting
User can select the set the SSID, wireless encryption in this page.
SSID
A SSID is referred to a network name because essentially it is a
name that identifies a wireless network (case-sensitive).
Encryption Key
We have chose the WPS2-PSK encryption type for you. If you
wish to change to other encryption type, please go to “Wireless Æ
Basic Setting” for further configuration.
Step 2- Finish and Reboot
Once the configuration is done, please click on the Finish button for applying the setting.
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4. Web Configuration
4.2 Wireless
4.2.1 Basic Settings
4.2.1.1 AP/Router
Disable Wireless
LAN Interface
Check to disable the wireless function. If the wireless LAN
interface be disabled, the WLAN LED on the top will be off.
Band
You can choose one mode of the following you need. The default
is
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode.
2.4GHz (B): 802.11b supported rate only.
2.4GHz (G): 802.11g supported rate only.
2.4GHz (N): 802.11n supported rate only.
2.4GHz (B+G): 802.11b supported rate and 802.11g
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AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
4. Web Configuration
supported rate.
2.4GHz (G+N): 802.11g supported rate and 802.11n
supported rate.
2.4GHz (B+G+N): 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n supported
rate.
WDS
User can select WDS disable/ WDS enable/ WDS only from the
pull-down list.
Network Name
(SSID)
A SSID is referred to a network name because essentially it is a
name that identifies a wireless network(case-sensitive).
Multiple APs
This page shows and updates the wireless setting for multiple
APs
User can set up the multiple AP here. To enable one of the APs
from 1~4, then setup the wireless settings from the pull-down list.
Channel Width
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select 20MHz the channel number will
be form 5~11 and auto; Select 20/40MHz channel width the
channel number will be form 1~11 and auto. Default is 20/40MHz.
Control Sideband
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select upper or lower form the pull-down
list, default is upper.
Channel Number
The channel number base on the channel width you select.
Broadcast SSID
Enabled: This Wireless Router will show its network name(SSID)
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4. Web Configuration
to stations.
Disabled: This Wireless Router will hide the network name to
stations. If stations want to connect to this Wireless Router, this
Router’s network name(SSID) should be known in advance to
make a connection.
WMM
The Wi-Fi Multiple Media function is available under 2.4GHz (B),
2.4GHz (G) and 2.4GHz (B+G) band, and it is disabled under
2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N) and 2.4GHz (B+G+N) band.
Data Rate
There are several data rate that you can select from the pull-down
menu.
Associated Clients
Click
button to show all connected clients.
4.2.1.2 Repeater
In Repeater Mode, there are three sub modes, Repeater, Repeating Router and Client
mode. According to different sub mode selected, the web will be slightly different for user to
do the proper setting. Because in the repeater mode, the wireless setting will be mostly the
same the upstream Router or AP, if not necessary, we recommend you to use the site
survey or WPS function for getting these values automatically.
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Repeater
Disable Wireless
LAN Interface
Check to disable the wireless function. If the wireless LAN
interface be disabled, the WLAN LED on the top will be off.
Band
You can choose one mode of the following you need. The default
is
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode.
2.4GHz (B): 802.11b supported rate only.
2.4GHz (G): 802.11g supported rate only.
2.4GHz (N): 802.11n supported rate only.
2.4GHz (B+G): 802.11b supported rate and 802.11g
supported rate.
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2.4GHz (G+N): 802.11g supported rate and 802.11n
supported rate.
2.4GHz (B+G+N): 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n supported
rate.
Local SSID
A SSID is referred to a network name because essentially it is a
name that identifies a wireless network(case-sensitive).
Remote SSID
In Repeater Mode, the remote SSID should be the same with the
repeated Router or AP.
Channel Width
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select 20MHz the channel number will
be form 1~11 and auto; Select 20/40MHz channel width the
channel number will be form 5~11 and auto. Default is 20/40MHz.
Control Sideband
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select upper or lower form the pull-down
list, default is upper.
Channel Number
The channel number will be set the same as remote Ap
automatically.
Broadcast SSID
Enabled: This Wireless Router will show its network name(SSID)
to stations.
Disabled: This Wireless Router will hide the network name to
stations. If stations want to connect to this Wireless Router, this
Router’s network name(SSID) should be known in advance to
make a connection.
WMM
The Wi-Fi Multiple Media function is available under 2.4GHz (B),
2.4GHz (G) and 2.4GHz (B+G) band, and it is disabled under
2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N) and 2.4GHz (B+G+N) band.
Data Rate
There are several data rate that you can select from the pull-down
menu.
Associated Clients
Click
button to show all connected clients.
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Repeating Router
Disable Wireless
LAN Interface
Check to disable the wireless function. If the wireless LAN
interface be disabled, the WLAN LED on the top will be off.
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Band
You can choose one mode of the following you need. The default
is
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode.
2.4GHz (B): 802.11b supported rate only.
2.4GHz (G): 802.11g supported rate only.
2.4GHz (N): 802.11n supported rate only.
2.4GHz (B+G): 802.11b supported rate and 802.11g
supported rate.
2.4GHz (G+N): 802.11g supported rate and 802.11n
supported rate.
2.4GHz (B+G+N): 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n supported
rate.
Local SSID
A SSID is referred to a network name because essentially it is a
name that identifies a wireless network(case-sensitive).
Remote SSID
In Repeater Mode, the remote SSID should be the same with the
repeated Router or AP.
WAN Setting
Click on this button for invoking the WAN configuration page.
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Channel Width
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select 20MHz the channel number will
be form 5~11 and auto; Select 20/40MHz channel width the
channel number will be form 1~11 and auto. Default is 20/40MHz.
Control Sideband
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select upper or lower form the pull-down
list, default is upper.
Channel Number
The channel number will be set the same as remote Ap
automatically.
Broadcast SSID
Enabled: This Wireless Router will show its network name(SSID)
to stations.
Disabled: This Wireless Router will hide the network name to
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stations. If stations want to connect to this Wireless Router, this
Router’s network name(SSID) should be known in advance to
make a connection.
WMM
The Wi-Fi Multiple Media function is available under 2.4GHz (B),
2.4GHz (G) and 2.4GHz (B+G) band, and it is disabled under
2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N) and 2.4GHz (B+G+N) band.
Data Rate
There are several data rate that you can select from the pull-down
menu.
Associated Clients
Click
button to show all connected clients.
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Client
Disable Wireless
LAN Interface
Check to disable the wireless function. If the wireless LAN
interface be disabled, the WLAN LED on the top will be off.
Band
You can choose one mode of the following you need. The default
is
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode.
2.4GHz (B): 802.11b supported rate only.
2.4GHz (G): 802.11g supported rate only.
2.4GHz (N): 802.11n supported rate only.
2.4GHz (B+G): 802.11b supported rate and 802.11g
supported rate.
2.4GHz (G+N): 802.11g supported rate and 802.11n
supported rate.
2.4GHz (B+G+N): 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n supported
rate.
Remote SSID
In Repeater Mode, the remote SSID should be the same with the
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repeated Router or AP.
Channel Width
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select 20MHz the channel number will
be form 5~11 and auto; Select 20/40MHz channel width the
channel number will be form 1~11 and auto. Default is 20/40MHz.
Control Sideband
This function will be available under 2.4GHz (N), 2.4GHz (G+N),
2.4GHz (B+G+N) mode. Select upper or lower form the pull-down
list, default is upper.
Channel Number
The channel number will be set the same as remote Ap
automatically.
4.2.2 Advanced Settings
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Fragment Threshold
Fragmentation mechanism is used for improving the efficiency
when high traffic flows along in the wireless network. If the
802.11g MIMO Wireless Router often transmit large files in
wireless network, you can enter new Fragment Threshold value to
split the packet. The value can be set from 256 to 2346. The
default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold
RTS Threshold is a mechanism implemented to prevent the
“Hidden Node” problem. If the “Hidden Node” problem is an issue,
please specify the packet size. The RTS mechanism will be
activated if the data size exceeds the value you set.
Warning: Enabling RTS Threshold will cause redundant network
overhead that could negatively affect the throughput performance
instead of providing a remedy.
This value should remain at its default setting of 2347. Should you
encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor modifications of this
value are recommended.
Beacon Interval
Beacon Interval is the amount of time between beacon
transmissions. Before a station enters power save mode, the
station needs the beacon interval to know when to wake up to
receive the beacon. Range 20-1024 ms, default is 100.
Preamble Type
A preamble is a signal used in wireless environment to
synchronize the transmitting timing including Synchronization and
Start frame delimiter. You can select Long or Short for the
preamble type.
IAPP
Select Enabled or Disabled to execute this function.
Protection
Select Enabled or Disabled to execute the security function.
Aggregation
Select Enabled or Disabled to execute this function.
Short GI
Select Enabled or Disabled to execute this function.
WLAN Partition
Select Enabled or Disabled to execute this function.
20/40MHz Coexist
Select Enabled or Disabled to execute this function. The default is
enabled.
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RF Output Power
Select the transmitting power rate 100%, 70%, 50%, 35%, 15%.
4.2.3 Security
Encryption
Select desired security type from the pull-down menu Disable,
WEP, WPA, WPA2 and WPA2-Mixed. The default setting is
Disable. It is strongly recommended to set up security mode
(WEP, WPA, WPA2 and WPA2-Mixed) to prevent any
unauthorized accessing.
Note:
WPA and WPA2 only support TKIP and AES as encryption
method. Shared Key only supports WEP as encryption method.
AUTO(Open/Shared) means AP can accept station connect to
it using OPEN-WEP or SHARED-WEP
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WEP
802.1x Authentication: Check the box to enable the 802.1x
authentication.
Authentication: Select Open System, Shared Key or Auto.
Key Length: select key length 64-bit or 128-bit.
Key Format:
Hexadecimal (WEP 64-bit): 10 Hex characters (0~9, a~f).
Hexadecimal (WEP 128-bit): 26 Hex characters (0~9, a~f).
ASCII (WEP 64-bit): 5 ASCII characters (case-sensitive).
ASCII (WEP 128-bit): 13 ASCII characters (case-sensitive).
Encryption Key: Enter the key in the key setting field.
802.1x Authentication
Key Length: select key length 64 Bits or 128 Bits.
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the RADIUS Server’s IP
Address provided by your ISP.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the RADIUS Server’s port number
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provided by your ISP. The default is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password: Enter the password that the AP shares
with the RADIUS Server.
WPA/ WPA2/ WPA2-Mixed
Personal (Pre-Shared Key)
Authentication Mode: Select Enterprise (RADIUS) or Personal
(Pre-Shared Key) mode.
WPA Cipher Suite: Here supported AES only.
WPA2 Cipher Suite: Here supported AES only.
Pre-Shared Key Format: There are two formats for choice to set
the Pre-shared key, Passphrase and Hex (64 characters). If Hex
is selected, users will have to enter a 64 characters string. For
easier configuration, the Passphrase (at least 8 characters) format
is recommended.
Pre-Shared Key : Pre-Shared Key serves as a password. Users
may key in 8 to 63 characters string if you selected passphrase.
Pre-shared key format to set the passwords or leave it blank, in
which the 802.1x Authentication will be activated.
Make sure the same password is used on client's end.
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Enterprise (RADIUS)
RADIUS Server IP Address: Enter the RADIUS Server’s IP
Address provided by your ISP.
RADIUS Server Port: Enter the RADIUS Server’s port number
provided by your ISP. The default is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password: Enter the password that the AP shares
with the RADIUS Server.
4.2.4 Access Control
Wireless Access
Control Mode
Enable or Disable the Access Control function. User can use this
function for restricting the wireless client connection.
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MAC Address
Enter the MAC address (12 characters) of a station that is allowed
to access this Wireless Router. The format of the address should
be XXXXXXXXXXXX.
Delete Selected
Click Delete Selected to delete items which are selected.
Delete All
Click Delete All to delete all the items.
Reset
Click Reset to rest.
Apply Change
Click Apply Change for save the configuration.
4.2.5 WDS Settings
Wireless Distribution System uses wireless media to communicate with other APs, like the
Ethernet does. To do this, you must set these APs in the same channel and set MAC
address of other APs which you want to communicate with in the table and then enable the
WDS.
1. The APs must support WDS function.
2. The channel must be set to the same on the APs.
3. To set the same Wireless MAC address (BSSID) on
the APs.
4. To set same security (WEP key) on the APs.
Note:
To setup WDS must use the same wireless products
(the same model will be better); due to different
wireless products might support different WDS
settings.
Thus, it is suggested that to use the same wireless
products that support WDS function.
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Step1. Users would like to set up the WDS function, please go to Wireless Æ Basic
Settings page to enable WDS function, and set the APs into the same Channel
Number. After setting up, please click Apply Changes button to execute.
Step2. Then go back to Wireless Æ WDS Settings page to enter the Wireless MAC
address (please make sure the BSSID of the other WDS supported AP) 12
characters to each other to make the WDS connection. Please click Apply Changes
button to execute.
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MAC Address
MAC Address: Enter the Wireless BSSID (MAC) 12 characters of the
other wireless AP that you want to connect with. To check your wireless
router’s MAC address, please go to Status Æ Wireless Configuration to
find your BSSID (Wireless MAC address.)
Data Rate
Select the data rate form the pull-down list.
Comment
Enter a description for the device.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply changes button to
save the settings.
Reset
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply changes button to
save the settings.
Set Security
Enable the WDS function and then click Set Security button to set up
the WDS security.
Encryption: Select the encryption type None, WEP 64 bits, WEP 128
bits from the pull-down menu.
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WEP
WEP Key Format: For WEP 64 bits and WEP 128 bits encryption type,
the selection of WEP Key Format are Hex and ASCII.
WEP Key: If select Hex if you are using hexadecimal numbers (0-9, or
A-F).
Select ASCII if you are using ASCII characters (case-sensitive).
Hexadecimal (WEP 64 bits): 10 Hex characters (0~9, a~f).
Hexadecimal (WEP 128 bits): 26 Hex characters (0~9, a~f).
ASCII (WEP 64 bits): 5 ASCII characters (case-sensitive).
ASCII (WEP 128 bits): 13 ASCII characters (case-sensitive).
Show Statistics
Click Show Statistics to show the current WDS AP table. This table
shows the MAC address, transmission packets and errors, reception
packets and Tx Rate (Mbps) counters for each configured WDS AP.
Refresh: Click to renew the counters information.
Close: Click to leave the screen.
Current WDS AP
List
Here shows the current WDS AP information.
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Delete Selected
Click Delete Selected to delete the selected AP information.
Delete All
Click Delete All to delete all the items.
Reset
Click Reset to restore the settings.
4.2.6 Site Survey
Site Survey
Check this button to renew all the listed access point.
Next
Click the Next button to configure the security setting.
Back
Go back to previous step.
Connect
Under the Repeater mode and select a site that you would like to
communicate, and then click the Connect button to make a
connection.
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4.2.7 WPS
Disable WPS
Check the box to disable the WPS function, default setting is
enabled.
WPS Status
Here shows the current status of the WPS function. Default
setting is Configured, click Reset to UnConfigured to
re-configured the WPS connection.
Self-PIN Number
Here shows the 8-digit numbers PIN code of the router itself.
Enter the Self-PIN Number to client (Registrar) end and click the
PIN button at the client end to make a WPS connection. It will
connect with the wireless router within two minutes and get IP
address.
Push Button
Configuration
Click Start PBC button (or press the physical WPS button on the
Wireless Router once), meanwhile, the client should also click the
PBC button simultaneously within 2 minutes.
Client PIN Number
Enter the client (Enrollee) PIN code into the blank field then click
the Start PIN button to make a WPS connection with client. Then,
the wireless router will connect to client within 2 minutes and get
IP address.
Current Key Info
This table shows the security status of the Wireless Router. If user
would like to set up the security, please go to Wireless > Security.
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4.2.8 Schedule
Enable Wireless
Schedule
Check the box to enable the schedule function. Set up the time to
schedule the wireless access rule. Select the day and time you
want to enable the wireless function.
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4.3 Internet Setting
4.3.1 WAN Interface
WAN Connection
Type
DHCP Client
If the DHCP Client connection be selected, the PC will obtain the IP
address automatically.
Host Name: Enter the network area name in the column.
MTU Size: The most appropriate MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)
namely the maximum packet size, the default value is 1492 for your
application. Reducing the packet size can help connecting to certain
web sites or speeding up packet transfer rate. If the incorrect packet
size is entered, you may not be able to open certain web sites.
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Static IP
If the Static IP be selected, user have to set up the IP address,
subnet mask and default gateway according to the ISP (Internet
Service Provider) that provided the related information.
IP Address: Enter the WAN IP address provided by your ISP here.
Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask here. Default Gateway: Enter
the default gateway IP address provided by your ISP here.
MTU Size: The most appropriate MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)
namely the maximum packet size. Reducing the packet size can help
connecting to certain web sites or speeding up packet transfer rate. If
the incorrect packet size is entered, you may not be able to open
certain web sites.
DNS 1: Enter the DNS server IP address(es) provided by your ISP, or
you can specify your own preferred DNS server IP address(es).
DNS 2/ DNS 3: These servers are optional. You can enter another
DNS server’s IP address as a backup. DNS 2 and 3 servers will be
used when the DNS 1 server fails.
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PPPoE
If the PPPoE be selected, user has to set up the user name and
password according to the ISP that provided the related information.
User Name: Enter the username that provide by your ISP provider.
Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
Password: Enter the password that provide by your ISP provider.
Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: Enter the Internet service provider name in the
column.
Connection Type: Select the connection type Continuous, Connect
on Demand or Manual from the pull-down menu. If selected Manual
user can click Connect button to make a connection.
Idle Time: It represents that the device will idle after the minutes you
set. The time must be set between 1~1000 minutes. Default value of
idle time is 5 minutes. This function will be available when the
Connection Type is selected to Connect on Demand.
MTU Size: The most appropriate MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)
namely the maximum packet size, the default value is 1452 for your
application. Reducing the packet size can help connecting to certain
web sites or speeding up packet transfer rate. If the incorrect packet
size is entered, you may not be able to open certain web sites.
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PPTP
If the PPTP be selected, user has to set up the server IP address,
user name and password according to the ISP that provided the
related information.
IP Address: Enter the WAN IP address provided by your ISP here.
Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask here.
Server IP Address: Enter the PPTP Server IP Address in this column.
User Name: Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters (case
sensitive).
Password: Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case
sensitive).
Connection Type: Select the connection type Continuous, Connect
on Demand or Manual from the pull-down menu. If selected Manual
user can click Connect button to make a connection.
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Idle Time: It represents that the device will idle after the minutes you
set. The time must be set between 1~1000 minutes. Default value of
idle time is 5 minutes. This function will be available when the
Connection Type is selected to Connect on Demand.
MTU Size: The most appropriate MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)
namely the maximum packet size, the default value is 1460 for your
application. Reducing the packet size can help connecting to certain
web sites or speeding up packet transfer rate. If the incorrect packet
size is entered, you may not be able to open certain web sites.
L2TP
If the L2TP be selected, user has to set up the server IP address,
user name and password according to the ISP that provided the
related information.
IP Address: Enter the WAN IP address provided by your ISP here.
Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask here.
Server IP Address: Enter the L2TP Server IP Address in this column.
User Name: Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters (case
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sensitive).
Password: Maximum input is 32 alphanumeric characters (case
sensitive).
Connection Type: Select the connection type Continuous, Connect
on Demand or Manual from the pull-down menu. If selected Manual
user can click Connect button to make a connection.
Idle Time: It represents that the device will idle after the minutes you
set. The time must be set between 1~1000 minutes. Default value of
idle time is 5 minutes. This function will be available when the
Connection Type is selected to Connect on Demand.
MTU Size: The most appropriate MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)
namely the maximum packet size, the default value is 1460 for your
application. Reducing the packet size can help connecting to certain
web sites or speeding up packet transfer rate. If the incorrect packet
size is entered, you may not be able to open certain web sites.
3G:
If the 3G be selected, user has to set up the user name, password
and other information that the 3G connection needed.
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z Attain DNS
Automatically
z Set DNS
Manually
z DNS 1
z DNS 2
z DNS3
Clone MAC
address
Select to Attain DNS Automatically or select Set DNS Manually to
set the DNS server IP address at the following DNS
Default setting is Attain DNS Automatically.
1~3 columns.
Enter the DNS server IP address(es) provided by your ISP, or you
can specify your own preferred DNS server IP address(es).
DNS 2 server is optional. You can enter another DNS server’s IP
address as a backup. DNS 2 server will be used when the DNS 1
server fails.
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you to
connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC address
that your ISP had originally connected your Internet connection to.
Type in this Clone MAC address in this section to replace the WAN
MAC address with the MAC address of that PC.
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Enable uPNP…
Check to enable the listed functions.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply changes button
to save the settings.
Reset
Click Reset to restore to default values.
4.3.2 Port Filtering
Enable Port Filtering
Check to enable Port Filtering function.
Port Range
Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the
service. If the service uses a single port number, enter it in both
the start and finish fields.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or Both) used to the remote
system or service.
Comment
You may key in a description MAC address.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save the settings.
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Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values.
Current Filter Table
Shows the current Port Forwarding information.
Delete Selected
Click Delete Selected button to delete items which are selected.
Delete All
Click Delete All button to delete all the items.
Reset
Click Reset button to rest.
4.3.3 IP Filtering
Enable IP Filtering
Check to enable IP filtering function.
Local IP Address
Enter the local computer’s IP address.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or Both) used to the remote
system or service.
Comment
You may key in a description for the port range.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save the settings.
Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values.
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Current Filter Table
Shows the current IP filter information.
Delete Selected
Click Delete Selected button to delete items which are selected.
Delete All
Click Delete All button to delete all the items.
Reset
Click Reset button to rest.
4.3.4 Port Forwarding
Enable Port
Forwarding
Check to enable Port Forwarding function.
IP Address
Enter the IP address in the field.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or Both) used to the remote
system or service.
Port Range
For TCP and UDP Services, enter the beginning of the range of
port numbers used by the service. If the service uses a single port
number, enter it in both the start and finish fields.
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Comment
You may key in a description MAC address.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save the settings.
Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values.
Current Port
Forwarding Table
Shows the current Port Forwarding information.
Delete Selected
Click Delete Selected button to delete items which are selected.
Delete All
Click Delete All button to delete all the items.
Reset
Click Reset button to rest.
4.3.5 URL Filtering
Enable URL Filtering
Check to enable URL filtering function.
URL Address
Enter the URL address in the field
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save the settings.
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Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values.
Current Filter Table
Shows the current URL address filter information.
Delete Selected
Click Delete All button to delete all the items.
Reset
Click Reset button to rest.
4.3.6 DMZ
Enable DMZ
Check the box to enable DMZ function. If the DMZ Host Function
is enabled, it means that you set up DMZ host at a particular
computer to be exposed to the Internet so that some
applications/software, especially Internet / online game can have
two way connections.
DMZ Host IP Address Enter the IP address of a particular host in your LAN which will
receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP
address above.
Note
You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for
DMZ to work properly.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save the settings.
Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values
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4.3.7 DDNS
Enable DDNS
Check to enable the DDNS function.
Service Provider
Select the desired DDNS Service Provider DynDNS or TZO from
the pull-down list.
Domain Name
Here shows the domain name of the service provider.
User Name/Email
Enter your email that you registered in service provider website.
(You can refer to below Note information to apply a account form
the service provider website.)
Password/Key
Enter your passwords that you registered in service provider
website. Maximum input is 30 alphanumeric characters (case
sensitive).
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save the settings.
Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values.
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4.3.8 Router Setup
Enable Dynamic
Route
Dynamic routing performs the same function as static routing
except it is steadier. Dynamic routing allows routing tables in
routers to change as the possible routes change. There are
several protocols used to support dynamic routing including RIP
and OSPF.
NAT
Network Address Translation (NAT) selects to enable or disable
this function.
Transmit
Select to enable or disable RIP protocol for transmit.
Receive
Select to enable or disable RIP protocol for receive.
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Enable Static Route
If you connect several routers with this Wireless Router, you
may need to set up a predefined routing rule to have more
effective network topology/traffic, this is called static route
between those routers and the Wireless Router.
To set static routers, enter the settings including route IP address,
route mask, route gateway and the route Interface from LAN or
WAN.
IP Address
Set up the IP address that would like to send the packets pass
through.
Subnet Mask
Set up the Subnet Mask that would like to send the packets pass
through.
Gateway
Set up the gateway that would like to send the packets pass
through.
Metric
It is used by a router to make routing decisions.
The metrics used by a router to make routing decisions. It is
typically one of many fields in a routing table. Router metrics can
contain any number of values that help the router determine the
best route among multiple routes to a destination. A router metric
typically based on information like path length, bandwidth, load,
hop count, path cost, delay, Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU),
reliability and communications cost.
Interface
Select the interface of the setting path.
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4. Web Configuration
4.4 System
4.4.1 LAN Interface
IP Address
Shows the IP address of the Wireless Router. Default IP address is
192.168.1.254 (Router/AP mode) or 192.168.1.253 (Client Mode).
Subnet Mask
The subnet mask of the Wireless Router (Default subnet mask is
255.255.255.0.)
Default Gateway
Enter the Gateway IP address here.
DHCP
Disable: Select to disable this Wireless Router to distribute IP
addresses to connected clients.
Server: Select to enable this Wireless Router to distribute IP
Addresses (DHCP Server) to connected clients. And the following
field will be activated for you to enter the starting IP address.
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DHCP Client
Range
The starting address of this local IP network address pool. The pool
is a piece of continuous IP address segment, the device will
distribute IP addresses from 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.200 to all
the computers in the network that request IP addresses from DHCP
server (Router). The end IP address maximum is 253.
Note:
If “Continuous IP address pool starts” is set at 192.168.1.1 and the
“Number of IP address in pool end” is 253, the device will distribute
IP addresses from 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.253 to all the
computers in the network that request IP addresses from DHCP
server (Router).
Click Show Client button to show Active DHCP Client Table. The
table shows assigned IP address, MAC address and time expired for
each client.
Refresh: Click this button to refresh the table.
Close: Click this button to close the window.
Static DHCP
Check the box to enable the Static DHCP function, default setting is
disabled.
When set to enabled, user can click Set Static DHCP button to set
the Static DHCP function.
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4. Web Configuration
IP Address: Enter the fixed IP address that DHCP server assigned to
a certain connected station.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address of a certain station, and then
the DHCP server will to distribute a fixed IP address to the station
automatically once they connected.
Comment: You can enter a comment to description above IP
address or MAC address.
Apply Changes: After completing the settings on this page, click
Apply changes button to save the settings.
Reset: Click Reset to restore to default values.
Static DHCP List: Here shows the static IP address that have been
assigned according to the MAC address.
Delete Selected: Click Delete Selected to delete items which are
selected.
Delete All: Click Delete All button to delete all the items.
Reset: Click Reset button to rest.
Domain Name
Enter the network area name here.
802.1d Spanning
Tree
Select Disabled or Enabled form the pull-down list.
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Clone MAC
Address
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you to
connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC address
that your ISP had originally connected your Internet connection to.
Type in the MAC address to replace the WAN MAC address with the
MAC address of that PC.
4.4.2 Time Zone Setting
Current Time
Enter the current time of this wireless router or click the Copy
Computer Time button to synchronize the time with the connected
computer automatically.
Time Zone Select
Select the local time zone from the pull-down menu.
Enable NTP client
update
Check to enable NTP (Network Time Protocol Server) client
update function.
Automatically Adjust
Daylight Saving
Check the box to enable this function.
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4. Web Configuration
NTP server Manual
IP Setting
You may choose to select NTP server from the pull-down menu or
enter an IP address of a specific server manually.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to save current settings.
Refresh
Click Refresh button to renew current time.
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4.4.3 Denial-of-Service
Enable DoS
Prevention
DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can flood your Internet connection
with invalid packets and connection requests, using so much
bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes
unavailable. The Wireless Router incorporates protection against
DoS attacks. This screen allows you to configure DoS protection.
Check the box to enable the DoS settings.
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4. Web Configuration
Select All
After you enabled the DoS prevention, you can click to select all
DoS preventions.
Clear All
After you enabled the DoS prevention, you can click to uncheck
all DoS preventions.
Apply Changes
After completing the settings on this page, click Apply Changes
button to
save current settings.
4.4.4 Upgrade Firmware
Select File
Click the Browse button to find and open the firmware file (the
browser will display to correct file path.)
Upload
Click the Upload button to perform.
Reset
Click Reset button to restore to default values.
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4.4.5 Save/Reload Setting
Save Settings to File
Click the Save button to save the current settings file in the PC.
Load Settings form
File
Click the Browse button to find and open the previous saved file
(the browser will display to correct file path.) Then, click Upload
button to upload the previous file.
Reset Settings to
Default
Click Reset button to set the device back to default settings.
4.4.6 Password
User Name
Key in a new login user name in the blank field. User can empty
the user name and password columns to disable the access.
New Password
Maximum input is 30 alphanumeric characters (case sensitive.)
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4. Web Configuration
Confirmed Password
Key in the password again to confirm.
4.4.7 QoS
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Enable QoS
This function improves online gaming experience by ensuring that
game traffic is prioritized over other network traffic, such as FTP
or Web.
Automatic
Uplink/Download
Speed
Check the box to enable the automatic uplink/ download speed
function.
Manual
Uplink/Download
Speed
You can manually enter the uplink/ download transmission
Address Type
Select IP or MAC address type.
Local IP address
MAC address
Depend on the address type that selected, user can enter the IP
address or MAC address of client to set up the bandwidth of the
transmission.
Mode
Select Guaranteed minimum bandwidth or Restricted maximum
bandwidth modes.
Uplink Bandwidth
(Kbps)
Enter the Uplink Bandwidth (Kbps) in the column.
Downlink Bandwidth
(Kbps)
Enter the Downlink Bandwidth (Kbps) in the column.
Comment
Enter the note for the setting.
rate in the blank field.
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4. Web Configuration
4.5 Ststus
4.5.1 Status
User can check the running information about N.Plug in this page.
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4.5.2 Statistics
User can check the wireless connection information in this page.
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4. Web Configuration
4.5.3 Log
User can check the system log in this page.
4.6 Reboot
User can reboot the N.Plug by clicking the Reboot button.
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5. PC Configuration
5
5. PC
Configuration
5.1 Overview
For each PC, the following may need to be configured:
z
TCP/IP network settings
z
Internet Access configuration
z
Wireless configuration
5.2 Windows Clients
z
This section describes how to configure Windows clients for Internet access via the
Wireless Router.
z
The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.
z
The Wireless Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is
essential that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.
5.2.1 TCP/IP Settings – Overview
If using default Wireless Router settings, and default Windows TCP/IP settings, no changes
need to be made.
z
By default, the Wireless Router will act as a DHCP Server, automatically providing a
suitable IP address (and related information) to each PC when the PC boots.
z
For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as a DHCP
client.
If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are required:
z
The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless Router.
z
The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.
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5. PC Configuration
5.2.2 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000
1. Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.
2.
Right - click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
3.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
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4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as described below.
Using DHCP
z
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the
default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless Router
will act as a DHCP Server.
z
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address") If your PC is already configured,
check with your network administrator before making the following changes.
z
Enter the Wireless Router 's IP address in the Default gateway field and click OK. (Your
LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Wireless
Router.)
z
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses,
and enters the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
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5. PC Configuration
5.2.3 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP
1.
Select Control Panel - Network Connection.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a screen
like the following:
3.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
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5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
z
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the
default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless Router
will act as a DHCP Server.
z
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP address from the Wireless Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
z
In the Default gateway field, enter the Wireless Router’s IP address and click OK. Your
LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Wireless
Router.
z
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses,
and enters the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
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5. PC Configuration
5.2.4 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows Vista
1.
Go to Start > Control Panel> Network and Internet> Network and Sharing Center>
Manage Network Connections> Local Area Connection.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection icon and choose Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
3. Select the Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4) or 6 (TCP/IPv6) for your network card.
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4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
z
To use DHCP, select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server
address automatically. This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended.
By default, the Wireless Router will act as a DHCP Server.
z
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP address from the Wireless Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
z
In the Default gateway field, enter the Wireless Router 's IP address. Your LAN
administrator can advise you of the IP address they assigned to the Wireless Router.
z
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses,
and enters the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
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5. PC Configuration
5.2.5 Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 7
1.
Go to Start > Control Panel> Network and Sharing Center> Manage Network
Connections> Local Area Connection.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection icon and choose Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
3. Select the Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4) or 6 (TCP/IPv6) for your network card.
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4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
Using DHCP
z
To use DHCP, select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server
address automatically. This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended.
By default, the Wireless Router will act as a DHCP Server.
z
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP address from the Wireless Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
z
In the Default gateway field, enter the Wireless Router 's IP address. Your LAN
administrator can advise you of the IP address they assigned to the Wireless Router.
z
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses,
and enters the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
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5. PC Configuration
5.2.6 Internet Access
To configure your PCs to use the Wireless Router for Internet access:
z
Ensure that the ADSL modem, DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent
connection is functional.
z
Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet via the
LAN, rather than by a Dial-up connection.
For Windows 2000
1.
Select Start menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.
2. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
3. Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect through a
local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
4.
Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
5. Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration
screen are unchecked.
6. Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail account
now?"
7.
Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard. Setup is now completed.
For Windows XP
1. Select Start menu >Control Panel > Network and Internet Connections.
2. Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.
3. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
4.
Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen.
5. Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.
6.
Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.
For Windows Vista
1.
Select Start menu > Control Panel > Network and Internet> Network and Sharing
Center.
2.
Select Set up a connection or network.
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3.
Select Connect to the Internet and click Next to continue.
4. Select Broadband (PPPoE).
5. Enter User name and Password that provided by the ISP, then click Connect to make a
connection.
For Windows 7
1. Select Start menu > Control Panel > Network Sharing Center.
2.
Select Set up a new connection or network.
3.
Select Connect to the Internet and click Next to continue.
4. Select Broadband (PPPoE).
5. Enter User name and Password that provided by the ISP, then click Connect to make a
connection.
Accessing AOL
To access AOL (America On Line) through the Wireless Router, the AOL for Windows
software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a dial-up
connection. The configuration process is as follows:
1. Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version 2.5, 3.0 or
later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.
2. Click the Setup button.
3.
Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to "
Wireless Router ".
4.
Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone Number
blank.)
5.
Click Save, then OK.
6.
Configuration is now complete.
7.
Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the " Wireless Router "
location.
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5. PC Configuration
5.2.7 Macintosh Clients
From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the Wireless Router. The procedure
is as follow
1.
Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.
2.
Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.
3.
Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client ID field
can be left blank.
4.
Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.
Note
If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes are:
z
Set the Router Address field to the Wireless Router 's IP Address.
z
Ensure your DNS settings are correct.
5.2.8 Linux Clients
To access the Internet via the Wireless Router, it is only necessary to set the Wireless
Router as the "Gateway".
Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.
Fixed IP Address
By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue using a
fixed IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.
z
Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the Wireless Router.
z
Ensure your DNS (Domain Name server) settings are correct.
To act as a DHCP Client (Recommended)
The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows shell.
1.
Start your X Windows client.
2.
Select Control Panel – Network.
3.
Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called "eth0".
4.
Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.
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5.
To apply your changes:
z
Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.
z
OR, restart your system.
5.2.9 Other Unix Systems
To access the Internet via the Wireless Router:
z
Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the
Wireless Router.
z
Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.
5.2.10 Wireless Station Configuration
z
This section applies to all wireless stations wishing to use the Wireless Router 's
access point, regardless of the operating system that is used on the client.
z
To use the Wireless Router, each wireless station must have compatible settings, as
following:
Mode
The mode must be set to Infrastructure.
SSID (ESSID)
The network name must match the value used on the Wireless
Router.
Note
The SSID is case- sensitive.
Disable
If there is no security is enabled on the Wireless Router, the
security of each station should be disabled as well. And, you can
connect the Wireless Router without security, but it is NOT
recommended.
WEP
By default, WEP on the Wireless Router is disabled.
z
If WEP remains disabled on the Wireless Router, all stations
must have WEP disabled.
z
If WEP is enabled on the Wireless Router, each station must
use the same settings as the Wireless Router.
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5. PC Configuration
WPA
WPA2
WPA-Mixed
802.1x
RADIUS Server: RADIUS is an authentication, authorization and
accounting client-server protocol. The client is a Network Access
Server that desires to authenticate its links. The server is a server
that has access to a user database with authentication
information. Each station must set up the RADIUS Server’s IP
address, port and passwords that provided by your ISP.
Note
By default, the Wireless Router will allow 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n connection
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Appendix A Troubleshooting
Appendix A:
Troubleshooting
A
Overview
This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using the
Wireless Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested steps
and the Wireless Router still does not function properly, contact your dealer for further
advice.
General Problems
Problem 1:
Can't connect to the Wireless Router to configure it.
Solution 1:
Check the following:
z
Check the Wireless Router is properly installed, LAN
connections are OK, and it is powered ON.
z
Ensure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the
same network segment.
z
If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically"
(DHCP client), please restart it.
z
If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is
using an IP Addresswithin the range 192.168.1.1 to
192.168.1.253 and thus compatible with the Wireless
Router's default IP Address of 192.168.1.253.
Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match
the Wireless Router.
In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control
Panel-Network to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
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Appendix A Troubleshooting
Internet Access
Problem 1:
When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.
Solution 1:
A number of things could be causing this. Try the following
troubleshooting steps.
z
Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP
settings are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address,
check the Network Mask, Default gateway and DNS as well
as the IP Address.
z
If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working,
check the Wireless Router. Ensure that it is connected and
ON. Connect to it and check its settings. (If you can't connect
to it, check the LAN and power connections.)
z
If the Wireless Router is configured correctly, check your
Internet connection (DSL/Cable modem etc) to see that it is
working correctly.
Problem 2:
Some applications do not run properly when using the Wireless
Router.
Solution 2:
The Wireless Router processes the data passing through it, so it
is not transparent.
Use the Content Filter Settings feature to allow the use of Internet
applications, which do not function correctly.
If this does solve the problem you can use the DMZ function. This
should work with almost every application, but:
z
It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.
z
Only one (1) PC can use this feature.
Wireless Access
Problem 1:
My PC can't locate the Wireless Router.
Solution 1:
Check the following:
z
Your PC is set to Infrastructure Mode. (Access Points are
always in Infrastructure Mode)
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Appendix A Troubleshooting
z
The SSID on your PC and the Wireless Router are the same.
z
Remember that the SSID is case-sensitive. So, for example
"Workgroup" does NOT match "workgroup."
z
Both your PC and the Wireless Router must have the same
setting for security. The default setting for the Wireless
Router security is disabled, so your wireless station should
also have security disabled.
z
If security is enabled on the Wireless Router, your PC must
have security enabled, and the key must be matched.
z
To see if radio interference is causing a problem, see if
connection is possible when close to the Wireless Router.
Remember that the connection range can be as little as 100
feet in poor environments.
Problem 2:
Wireless connection speed is very slow.
Solution 2:
The wireless system will connect at the highest possible speed,
depending on the distance and the environment. To obtain the
highest possible connection speed, you can experiment with the
following:
z
Wireless Router location
Try adjusting the location and orientation of the Wireless Router.
z
Wireless Channel
If interference is the problem, changing to another channel may
show a marked improvement.
z
Radio Interference
Other devices may be causing interference. You can experiment
by switching other devices off, and see if this helps. Any "noisy"
devices should be shielded or relocated.
z
RF Shielding
Your environment may tend to block transmission between the
wireless stations. This will mean high access speed is only
possible when close to the Wireless Router.
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B. Appendix B About Wireless LANs
B
Appendix B: About
Wireless LANs
BSS
A group of Wireless Stations and a single Access Point, all using the same ID (SSID), form
a Basic Service Set (BSS).
Using the same SSID is essential. Devices with different SSIDs are unable to communicate
with each other.
Channels
The Wireless Channel sets the radio frequency used for communication.
z
Access Points use a fixed Channel. You can select the Channel used. This allows you
to choose a Channel which provides the least interference and best performance. In
the USA and Canada, 11 channel are available. If using multiple Access Points, it is
better if adjacent Access Points use different Channels to reduce interference.
z
In "Infrastructure" mode, Wireless Stations normally scan all Channels, looking for an
Access Point. If more than one Access Point can be used, the one with the strongest
signal is used. (This can only happen within an ESS.)
Note
To comply with US FCC regulation, the country selection function has been completely
removed from all US models. The above function is for non-US models only.
Security
z
WEP
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted.
This is desirable because it is impossible to prevent snoopers from receiving any data
which is transmitted by your Wireless Stations. But if the data is encrypted, then it is
meaningless unless the receiver can decrypt it.
If WEP is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the same
security settings for each of the following:
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Appendix B About Wireless LANs
WEP
64 Bits, 128 Bits.
Key
For 64 Bits encryption, the Key value must match.
For 128 Bits encryption, the Key value must match.
WEP Authentication
z
Open System or Shared Key.
WPA/WPA2/ WPA-Mixed
WPA/WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is more secure than WEP. It uses a “Shared Key”
which allows the encryption keys to be regenerated at a specified interval. There are
several encryption options: TKIP, AES, TKIP-AES and additional setup for RADIUS is
required in this method. The most important features beyond WPA to become standardized
through 802.11i/WPA2 are: pre-authentication, which enables secure fast roaming without
noticeable signal latency.
If WPA or WPA2 is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the
same security settings.
z
802.1x
With 802.1x authentication, a wireless PC can join any network and receive any messages
that are not encrypted, however, additional setup for RADIUS to issue the WEP key
dynamically will be required. RADIUS is an authentication, authorization, and accounting
client-server protocol. The client is a Network Access Server that desires to authenticate its
links. The server is a server that has access to a user database with authentication
information.
Wireless LAN Configuration
To allow Wireless Stations to use the Access Point, the Wireless Stations and the Access
Point must use the same settings, as follows:
Mode
The mode must be set to Infrastructure.
SSID (ESSID)
The network name must match the value used on the Wireless
Router.
Note
The SSID is case- sensitive.
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B. Appendix B About Wireless LANs
Disable
If there is no security is enabled on the Wireless Router, the
security of each station should be disabled as well. And, you can
connect the Wireless Router without security, but it is NOT
recommended.
WEP Open System/
Shared Key/ Auto
By default, WEP on the Wireless Router is disabled.
Shared Key only supports WEP as encryption method.
AUTO(Open/Shared) means AP can accept STA connect to it
using OPEN-WEP or SHARED-WEP.
Personal
(Pre-Shared Key)
z
If WEP remains disabled on the Wireless Router, all stations
must have WEP disabled.
z
If WEP is enabled on the Wireless Router, each station must
use the same settings as the Wireless Router.
WPA-PSK (TKIP/AES)/ WPA2-PSK (TKIP/AES:
WPA
If one of these securities is enabled on the Wireless Router. To
make a connection, each station must use the same algorithms
and pass phrase as the Wireless Router.
WPA2
Pre-Shared Key Format:
WPA2-Mixed
There are two formats for choice to set the Pre-shared key,
Passphrase and Hex (64 characters). If Hex is selected, users will
have to enter a 64 characters string. For easier configuration, the
Passphrase (at least 8 characters) format is recommended.
Pre-Shared Key :
Pre-Shared Key serves as a password. Users may key in 8 to
63 characters string if you selected passphrase. Pre-shared key
format to set the passwords or leave it blank, in which the 802.1x
Authentication will be activated. Make sure the same password
is used on client's end.
Enterprise (RADIUS)
WPA
WPA2
WPA2-Mixed
802.1x
RADIUS Server: RADIUS is an authentication, authorization and
accounting client-server protocol. The client is a Network Access
Server that desires to authenticate its links. The server is a server
that has access to a user database with authentication
information. Each station must set up the RADIUS Server’s IP
address, port and passwords that provided by your ISP.
97
AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
Appendix B About Wireless LANs
AirLive N.Plug User’s Manual
98
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