Watts Premier | RO-Pure | Specifications | Watts Premier RO-Pure Specifications

IOM-WQ-PWROKC4
Installation, Operation
and Maintenance Manual
Kwik-Change™ Reverse Osmosis System
Model PWROKC4
PURE WATER
Important
Please read the entire manual before proceeding with the
installation and startup. Your failure to follow any attached
instructions or operating parameters may lead to the product’s
failure.
Save manual for future reference.
PWROKC4
Table of Contents
Operational Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Contents of Reverse Osmosis System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Tools Recommended for Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Drill a Hole for the Faucet in a Porcelain Sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Punch a Hole for the Faucet in a Stainless Steel Sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
How To Use Quick-Connect Fittings For Tubing Connections . . . . . . . 4
Watts Top Mount Faucet Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Adapt-A-Valve™ Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Drain Saddle Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Green Tube Connection (From RO Module To The Adapt-A-Valve™) . 6
Reverse Osmosis Module Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Red Tube Connection (From The Faucet To The Flow Restrictor) . . . . 6
Check Air Pressure in the Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Tank Ball Valve Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Blue Tube Connection (From RO Module To The Tank) . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Blue Tube Connection (From RO Module To The Faucet) . . . . . . . . . . 7
Start up Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6-Month System Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Annual Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Membrane Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Arsenic Facts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Parts List / Unit Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Note: Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe or
of unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after
the system. Systems certified for cyst reduction may be used
on disinfected waters that may contain filterable cysts.
Introduction
System Maintenance
Just because you cannot taste it, does not mean that it is not there.
Contaminants such as lead, chromium and arsenic (to name a few)
are undetectable to the taste. Additionally, over time if you do not
replace the filter element, other bad tastes and odors will be apparent in your drinking water.
Thank you for your purchase of a state of the art Watts Reverse
Osmosis (RO) water treatment system. Water quality concerns are
becoming more of a focus for the public. You may have heard about
contaminants in the drinking water, such as Arsenic, Chromium,
Cryptosporidium or Giardia. There may also be some local water
issues such as high levels of Lead and Copper. This Watts water
treatment system has been designed and tested to provide you with
high quality drinking water for years to come. The following is a brief
overview of the system.
This is why it is important to change out your filter at the recommended intervals as indicated in this system manual. When replacing
the filter elements, pay special attention to any cleaning instructions.
Should you have any further questions please refer to our website
at www.watts.com or call our customer service department at
1-800-244-1299.
Your Reverse Osmosis System:
Osmosis is the process of water passing through a semi-permeable
membrane in order to balance the concentration of contaminants
on each side of the membrane. A semi-permeable membrane is a
barrier that will pass some particles like clean drinking water, but not
other particles like arsenic and lead.
With proper installation and maintenance, this system will provide
you with high quality water for years to come. All of Watts water
enhancement products are rigorously tested by independent laboratories for safety and reliability. If you have any questions or concerns,
please contact our Customer Service department at 1-800-2441299 or refer to our on-line troubleshooting at www.watts.com.
Reverse osmosis uses a semi-permeable membrane; however, by
applying pressure across the membrane, it concentrates contaminants (like a strainer) on one side of the membrane, producing crystal
clear water on the other. This is why RO systems produce both clean
drinking water and waste water that is flushed from the system. This
reverse osmosis system also utilizes carbon block filtration technology and can, therefore, provide a higher quality drinking water than
carbon filtration systems alone.
Your system is a 4-Stage RO which is based upon separate treatment segments within the one complete water filtration system.
These stages are as follows:
Stage 1 – Sediment filter, recommended change 6 months.
(See Page 8).
The first stage of your RO system is a five-micron sediment filter that traps sediment and other particulate matter
like dirt, silt and rust which affect the taste and appearance of your water.
Stage 2 – Carbon filter, recommended change 6 months.
(See Page 8).
The second stage contains a five-micron carbon block
filter. This helps ensure that chlorine and other materials
that cause bad taste and odor are greatly reduced.
Stage 3 - Membrane, recommended change 2-5 years.
Stage 3 is the heart of the reverse osmosis system, the
RO membrane. This semi-permeable membrane will effectively take out TDS, Sodium and heavy metals such as
arsenic, copper, and lead, as well as Cysts, such as Giardia and cryptosporidium. Because the process of making
this high quality drinking water takes time, your RO water
treatment system is equipped with a storage tank.
Stage 4 - GAC filter, recommend change 6 - 12 months.
The final stage is a granular activated carbon (GAC) filter.
This filter is used after the water storage tank and is used
as a final polishing filter.
Note: F
ilter & Membrane life may vary based upon local water
conditions and/or use patterns.
Replacement Filter Pack
Model
Frequency
Description
PWFPK2KC4
6 Months
Includes sediment and pre-carbon filters only
PWFPK4KC4
Annual
Includes all filters and membrane
PWMEMKC60
2 - 5 years 60 gallon per day membrane
PWKCGAC13
Annually
GAC final filter
Note: Water conditions may require more frequent cartridge replacement.
2
STEP 1
Operational Parameters
Drill a Hole for the Faucet in a Porcelain Sink
Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe or of
unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after
the system. System is intended to be installed on the cold water
line only.
Operating Temperatures
Operating Pressure
pH Parameters
Iron
TDS (Total Dissolved Solids)
Turbidity
Maximum 100°F (38°C)
Maximum 85psi
(6.0 kg/cm2)
Maximum 11
Maximum 0.2 ppm
< 1800 ppm
< 5NTU
Note: Most sinks are predrilled with 1½" or 1¼" diameter hole
that you can use for your RO faucet. (If you are already using it
for a sprayer or soap dispenser, see Step 2).
Minimum 40°F (4°C)
Minimum 40psi
(2.80 kg/cm2)
Minimum 2
Caution: Porcelain sinks are extremely hard and can crack or
chip easily.
Use extreme caution when drilling. Watts accepts no responsibility for damage resulting from the installation of faucet.
Step A – Determine desired location for
the RO faucet on your sink
and place a piece of masking
tape over where the hole is to
be drilled. Mark the center of
the hole on the tape.
Hardness: Recommended hardness not to exceed 10 grains per
gallon or 170ppm. System will operate with hardness over 10 grains,
but the membrane life may be shortened. The addition of a water
softener may lengthen the membrane life.
Step B – Using a variable speed drill
set on the slowest speed, drill
a 1⁄8" pilot hole through both
porcelain and metal casing
of sink at the marked center
of the desired location. Use
lubricating oil or liquid soap
to keep the drill bit cool (If drill
bit gets hot, it may cause the
porcelain to crack or chip).
Water Pressure: The operating water pressure in your home should
be tested over a 24-hour period to attain the maximum pressure.
If the incoming water pressure is above 85psi, a pressure regulator is recommended and if over 100psi, then a pressure regulator is
required.
Copper Tubing: Reverse Osmosis water should not be run through
copper tubing as the purity of the water will leach copper causing
an objectional taste in water and pin holes may form in the tubing.
Watts supplies speciality filters that can be used if copper tubing follows the Reverse Osmosis unit. Be sure to follow any state, province
or local regulations during installation.
Step C – Using a 1¼" hole saw, proceed to drill the large hole.
Keep drill speed on the slowest speed and use lubricating
oil or liquid soap to keep the
hole saw cool during cutting.
Contents of Reverse Osmosis (RO) System
Step D – Make sure the surroundings
of the sink are cooled before
mounting the faucet to the
sink after drilling and remove
all sharp edges.
1 Tank
1 RO Module
1 Parts Bag
1 Faucet Bag
1 Manual
If any of the items are missing please contact prior to installing.
OR
Punch a Hole for the Faucet in a Stainless
Steel Sink
Tools Recommended for Installation
• 1¼" Hole Saw Bit for Faucet opening
Note: If mounting faucet to a Stainless
Steel Sink, you will need a 1¼" Hole
Punch. The faucet opening should be
centered between the backsplash and
the edge of the sink, ideally on the
same side as the vertical drain pipe.
• Round Knockout Punch for Stainless
Sinks 1¼"
• Adjustable Wrench
• Sharp Knife
• 1⁄2" & 5⁄8" Open End Wrenches
Step A – Drill a ¼" pilot hole. Use a 1⁄2"
Hole Punch and an adjustable
wrench to punch the hole in the
sink. Change to the 1¼" Hole
Punch to enlarge the hole
• Phillips Screw Driver
• Needle Nose Pliers – Adjustable Pliers
• Electric Drill
• 1⁄8" Drill Bit
• 1⁄4" Drill Bit
The faucet can now be installed.
• 3⁄8" Drill Bit
3
How to use the Quick-Connect fittings on the RO Module
To make a connection, the tube is simply pushed into the fitting.
Place a piece of tape 1/2" from end of tube to indicate how far the
tube should be inserted. The unique Watts Quick-Connect locking
system holds the tube firmly in place without deforming it or restricting flow.
Cut the tube square. It is essential that the outside diameter be free of score marks
and that burrs and sharp edges be removed before inserting into fitting.
Fitting grips before it seals. Ensure tube is pushed into the tube stop.
Push the tube into the fitting, to the tube stop. The collet (gripper) has stainless
steel teeth which hold the tube firmly in position while the O-ring provides a permanent leak proof seal.
Pull on the tube to check that it is secure. It is a good practice to test the system
prior to leaving site and /or before use.
To disconnect, ensure the system is depressurized before removing the tube. Push
in collet squarely against face of fitting. With the collet held in this position, the tube
can be removed. The fitting can then be reused.
4
STEP 2
STEP 3
Adapt-A-Valve™ Installation
Watts Chrome Top Mount
Faucet Installation
Mounting Hole Size
Torque on Toggle Bolt
Verify contents prior to installation:
Minimum
Maximum
1"
1⁄"
( 1 ) - Plastic Adapt-a-Valve™ & Black Collet
( 1 ) - Brass Adapter no washer
( 1 ) - Brass Adapter with black washer
( 1 ) - White rubber washer
14
5 lb.in. (max)
Gather and identify the faucet pieces.
Water supply line to the system must be from the cold water
supply line only. Hot water will severely damage your system.
Step A - Remove faucet base and faucet spout from their respective
plastic bags. From above the sink, feed the faucet tubing
and toggle bolt down through the 1¼" mounting hole in
the sink. Ensure that the soft rubber gasket is uniformly
positioned in between the base of the faucet and the top of
the sink.
WARNING: Do not use Teflon tape with the Adapt-A-Valve™.
For 3⁄8" Configuration
Step B - Align the faucet base so that the handle is on the right side
and the base is sitting flush on the sink top. Turn the handle
down (towards you) to the “ON” position to reveal the
tightening screw (located where the spout will be inserted).
Using a Phillips head screwdriver, turn the screw clockwise
until the toggle bolt secures the faucet base snug onto the
sink top.
Step C - Once the faucet base is securely fastened to the sink top,
insert the faucet spout into the faucet base until it is fully
seated. Turn the handle up (away from you) to the “OFF”
position.
(With Brass Fittings)
* Insert White Washer
Hot
Supply
Cold
Supply
For 1⁄2" Configuration
Step D - Connect the loose end of the 3⁄8" blue plastic tubing from
the faucet to the 1⁄4" x 3⁄8" plastic reducing union. Connect
the 1⁄4" blue tubing from the OUTLET SIDE of the filtration
unit to the 1⁄4" side of the union.
(Without Brass Fittings)
1⁄2" Configuration
Hot
Supply
Cold
Supply
Step A - Turn off the cold water supply to the faucet by turning the
angle stop valve completely off.
Step B - Open cold water sink faucet to relieve pressure.
Step C - Choosing the configuration that fits your plumbing, attach the Adapt-A-Valve™ as illustrated in the four photos
above.
5
STEP 5
STEP 4
Drain Saddle Installation Fits standard 1¼" – 1½" drain pipes
Green Tube Connection
Step A – Locate green tube attached to the
RO Module. Insert the open end of
the green 1⁄4" tube into the open 1⁄4"
Quick-Connect fitting on the AdaptA-Valve™ making sure the tube is
pushed in all the way to the tube
stop.
Follow all local plumbing codes for your installation.
Caution: If you have a garbage disposal, do not install the drain
saddle near it. Installation of the drain saddle must be either
above the garbage disposal, or if a second sink drain is available, install it above the cross bar on the second drain. Installation of the drain saddle near a garbage disposal may cause the
drain line to plug.
Step B – Connect the green tube from the RO
module to the Adapt-A-Valve™ that
is connected to the angle stop valve.
Leave enough tube so it is not kinked and cut the tube to
the desired length.
Step A – Locate the drain saddle kit in the parts bag.
Gather the pieces of the drain saddle
( 1 ) - Black compression nut
( 1 ) - Semicircle bracket with opening
( 2 ) - Screws
( 1 ) - Foam gasket
( 2 ) - Nuts for screws
( 1 ) - Semicircle bracket
STEP 6
Reverse Osmosis Module Mounting
Step A – Determine best location for the
RO module to be mounted to
allow for future system maintenance. The parts bag has 2
self-tapping screws. Using an
electric drill with a Phillips bit,
screw them into the cabinet
wall 6" apart and 16" from the
bottom of the cabinet.
Step B – The small square black foam gasket with a circle cut out
of the middle must be applied to the inside of the drain
saddle. Remove sticky tape backing and stick to the drain
saddle as shown.
Note: Do not cut any RO system tubes at this time.
Step C – The drain saddle must be installed
at least 1 ½" above the nut of the
P-Trap elbow or cross bar from the
garbage disposal to insure proper
drainage. Using the 1/4" drill bit,
drill into the drain pipe at best available location as specified above,
for drain saddle installation. Take
extreme caution to only drill through
one side of the drain pipe.
STEP 7
1.5"
Red 1⁄4" Tube Connection
(from Faucet to RO Module)
P-Trap
Elbow
Step A – Determine where the 1⁄4" red tubing from the faucet and the
open end of the 1⁄4" quick connect fitting (located on the
left side of the RO module) would join together comfortably.
Cut the red tube to length, making sure the cut is straight
and square. Insert the red tube into the open end of the 1⁄4"
quick connect fitting making sure the tube is pushed in all
the way to the tube stop.
Step D – Assemble the drain saddle around the drain pipe and align
drain saddle fitting opening with the hole drilled in the
previous step - you may use a small screwdriver to feed
through the drain saddle into the drain pipe to aid with the
alignment. Using a Phillips screw driver tighten the drain
saddle bolts evenly and securely on both sides.
Caution:Do not over tighten the screws. It may crack the drain
saddle.
Connect
Red Tube
Drain Saddle Tube Connection
The black 3/8" drain tube must be as SHORT and STRAIGHT as
possible to the drain saddle, making a downward slope from faucet
to drain saddle to allow for proper drainage. This is a gravity fed line
and if there is any bend or dip in the tube, the rinse water will not
flow into the drain properly. Water may back up and come out the air
gap hole in the back of the faucet.
Step A – Measure the 3/8" drain tube from faucet to the drain saddle
on the drain pipe and make a straight cut to the correct
length.
Step B – Slip drain tube through black
compression nut. Insert drain
tube into the opening in the
drain saddle and hand tighten
the black nut, and add 1/4 turn
with a wrench.
6
STEP 11
STEP 8
Check Air Pressure in the Tank
Blue Tube Connection
(From The RO Module To Faucet)
Note: Check air pressure when tank is empty of water!
Check air pressure in the storage tank when you notice a decrease in available water from the RO system. Air can be added
with a bicycle pump using the schrader valve that is located on
the lower side of the tank behind the blue plastic cap.
Step A – Determine where the 3⁄8" blue
tubing from the faucet and the
1⁄4" blue tubing (marked “FAUCET”) from the RO Module
would join together comfortably. Cut the tubes leaving a
straight cut on both tubes.
Insert the 1⁄4" blue tube (marked
“FAUCET”) from the RO module into the 1⁄4" end of the 1⁄4" x 3⁄8" Quick-Connect union
supplied in the parts bag. Make sure the tube is pushed in
all the way to the tube stop.
Step A – T
urn off the incoming water
supply to the RO by turning the
knob on the Adapt-A-Valve™
clockwise until it stops. (Follow
the green tube away from the
RO system to find the Adapt-AValve™.)
Step B – Open the RO Faucet and allow water to drain from the tank
until it is completely empty.
Step B – Insert the 3⁄8" blue tube from
the faucet into the remaining
3⁄8" open end of the 1⁄4" x 3⁄8"
Quick-Connect union. Make
sure the tube is pushed in all
the way to the tube stop.
Tip: When water from the RO faucet slows to a trickle with the
faucet still in the open position, you may add air to the tank to
purge any left over water. This will ensure that the tank is completely empty.
Step C – O
nce all water in the tank is purged, check air pressure using an air pressure gauge. It should read between 5 - 7psi.
(Digital air pressure gauge is recommended)
Step D – F
ollow Startup Instructions on Page 7.
STEP 9
Startup Instructions
Tank Ball Valve Installation
Step A – Use supplied Teflon® tape to
wrap the tank nipple with 4 to
8 layers of Teflon tape.
Step A– Turn on the incoming cold water at the angle stop valve.
Turn the knob on the Adapt-A-Valve™ by turning counterclockwise. Check the system for leaks and tighten any
fittings as necessary. (Check frequently over the next 24
hours to ensure no leaks are present).
Step B – Install supplied ball valve
elbow fitting.
(Do not over tighten)
Note: If you have connected your RO system to a refrigerator /
ice maker, make sure the ice maker is off (do not allow water to
flow to the ice maker) until flushing is complete and the tank has
been allowed to fill completely. Connection from the RO to the
ice maker system should have an in-line valve installed before
the ice maker so it can easily be closed to prevent water flowing
to the ice maker during start up and periodic maintenance. Your
RO tank must be allowed to fill up fully in order for the ice maker
system to work properly.
Step B – Open the RO faucet, and leave it open until water begins to
trickle out. (It will come out slowly).
Step C – After water trickles out of the faucet, close the RO faucet
allowing the storage tank to fill with water. It may take 4 to
6 hours to fill the tank completely depending on the production capability of the membrane, local water temperature and water pressure.
Note: During the fill period you may hear water trickling due to
the Reverse Osmosis Process.
STEP 10
Step D – After the Tank has filled, open the RO Faucet to flush the
tank completely to remove carbon particles from Final Filter. You will know that the tank is empty when the flow rate
from the RO faucet is down to a trickle. Repeat this step
two more times. The fourth tank can be used for drinking.
Blue Tube Connection
(From The RO Module To Tank)
Step A – Position tank in desired location. Stand it upright or lay it
on its side (using the black
plastic stand). Measure the
blue tube (marked “TANK”)
from the RO module over to
the tank, and cut it to length
leaving a straight edge on
the end of the tube. Then insert the tube into the QuickConnect fitting on the tank ball valve. Make sure the tube
is pushed in all the way to the tube stop (see Page 4 for
Quick-Connect fitting use directions).
Note: Flushing of the tank 3 times is only necessary during the
initial startup and after replacing the membrane.
Important: Your reverse osmosis system contains replaceable
treatment components that are critical for effective containment
reduction. Periodic inspection and following proper system
maintenance is critical for continued performance.
Teflon® is a registered trademark of E.I. Dupont de Nemours & Company.
7
6-Month System Maintenance
Step C – Make sure to remove the
cap off of the new replacement filter. Insert the new filter
cartridge into the head and
rotate it clockwise 1⁄4 turn until
it stops. Return cartridge to the
vertical position.
Order filter by calling Watts at 1-800-224-1299
Item Needed: EDP# 7100116
Includes:
• (1) Sediment Filter
• (1) Carbon Block Filter
This reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable component (the RO membrane) which is critical to the efficiency of the
system. Replacement of this reverse osmosis membrane should
be with one of identical specifications as defined by Watts to
assure the same efficiency and contaminant reduction performance.
Step D – Repeat this procedure for the
2nd filter cartridges. When
finished, flush your tank
completely once to remove
any natural carbon fines from
the RO system. Check over
the next 24 hours to ensure no
leaks are present.
Note: Your RO module is equipped with valved heads which will
automatically turn off the water supply to each filter when the
filter is released, thus you do not need to turn off the incoming
water supply at the Adapt-A-Valve™. The faucet must be off
when filters are replaced.
Step A – P
lace a towel under the RO module to catch any excess
water that drips out from the filters during the changeover.
Step B – To make the removal of the
filter housings easier, the heads
and housings may be lifted up
to 90° as shown in the pictures
to the right. Starting with the
sediment filter, lift the cartridge
up to 90°. Rotate the cartridge
a 1⁄4 turn counterclockwise,
remove and dispose of used cartridge.
Annual Maintenance
Step C – Make sure to remove the
cap off of the new replacement filter. Insert the new filter
cartridge into the head and
rotate it clockwise 1⁄4 turn until
it stops. Return cartridge to the
vertical position.
Order filter by calling Watts at 1-800-224-1299
Item Needed: # 7100117
Includes:
• (1) Sediment Filter
• (1) Membrane
• (1) Carbon Block Filter
• (1) GAC Filter
Note: Your RO module is equipped with valved heads which will
automatically turn off the water supply to each filter when the
filter is released, thus you do not need to turn off the incoming
water supply at the Adapt-A-Valve™. The faucet must be off
when filters are replaced.
Step D – Repeat this procedure for
the 2nd, 3rd and 4th filter
cartridges. When finished, flush
your tank completely once to
remove any natural carbon
fines from the RO system.
Check over the next 24 hours
to ensure no leaks are present.
Step A – Place a towel under the RO module to catch any excess
water that drips out from the filters during the changeover.
Step B – To make the removal of the
filter housings easier, the heads
and housings may be lifted up
to 90° as shown in the pictures
to the right. Starting with the
sediment filter, lift the cartridge
up to 90°. Rotate the cartridge
a 1⁄4 turn counterclockwise,
remove and dispose of used cartridge.
8
Arsenic Facts
Membrane Replacement
Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring contaminant found in many
ground waters. Arsenic in water has no color, taste or odor. It must
be measured by an arsenic test kit or lab test.
This reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable component (the
RO membrane) which is critical to the efficiency of the system.
Replacement of this reverse osmosis membrane should be with one
of identical specifications as defined by Watts to assure the same
efficiency and contaminant reduction performance.
Public water utilities must have their water tested for arsenic. You
can obtain the results from your water utility contained with in your
consumer confidence report. If you have your own well, you will need
to have the water evaluated. The local health department or the state
environmental health agency can provide a list of test kits or certified
labs.
Membranes have a life expectancy between 2 and 5 years, depending on the incoming water conditions and the amount the
RO system is used. This reverse osmosis membrane is critical for
effective reduction of total dissolved solids (TDS). The product water
should be tested periodically to verify that the system is performing
satisfactorily.
There are two forms of arsenic: pentavalent arsenic (also called As
(V), As (+5)) and trivalent arsenic (also called As (III), As (+3)). In well
water, arsenic may be pentavalent, trivalent, or a combination of
both. Although both forms of arsenic are potentially hazardous to
your health, trivalent arsenic is considered more harmful than pentavalent arsenic.
Normally, a membrane would be replaced during a semiannual or
annual filter change. However, if at any time you notice a reduction
in water production or an unpleasant taste in the reverse osmosis
water, it could be time to replace the membrane. Watts recommends
replacing the membrane when TDS reduction falls below 75%.
RO systems are very effective at removing pentavalent arsenic. A free
chlorine residual will rapidly convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent
arsenic. Other water treatment chemicals such as ozone and potassium permanganate will also change trivalent arsenic to pentavalent
arsenic. A combined chlorine residual (also called chloramine) where
it does convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic, may not convert all the trivalent arsenic in to pentavalent arsenic. If you get your
water from a public water utility, contact the utility to find out if free
chlorine or combined chlorine is used in the water system.
Note: A water sample may be sent to Watts for a free diagnosis of your membrane performance. To send a water sample,
use two (2) clean containers and fill ½ cup of tap water in one
container and ½ cup of reverse osmosis water in 2nd container.
Clearly label each sample. Send the samples to the address
listed on the cover of this manual attention “Water Samples”.
Watts will test the water and mail or call you with the results.
Refer to Page 8 Annual Maintenance
This Watts reverse osmosis system is designed to remove up to 98%
of pentavalent arsenic. It will not convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic. Under laboratory standard testing conditions, this
system reduced 0.30 mg/L (ppm) pentavalent arsenic to under 0.010
mg/L (ppm) (the USEPA standard for drinking water). Actual performance of the system may vary depending on specific water quality
conditions at the consumer’s installation. In addition to the independent laboratory standard testing conditions Watts has conducted
additional field testing on our reverse osmosis units to determine
trivalent arsenic reduction capabilities. Based upon Watts field testing, it has been determined that the RO units are capable of reducing
up to 67% of trivalent arsenic from the drinking water.
Step A – To change your membrane, follow the instructions for the
Annual Maintenance (previous section). The procedure to
remove and change the membrane cartridge is the same
as all the other filter cartridges on the RO module.
Step B – Check over the next 24 hours to ensure no leaks are present.
The RO membrane component of this Watts reverse osmosis system
must be maintained according to its recommended maintenance
cycle. Specific component identification and ordering information can
be found in the installation/operation manual maintenance section,
by phone at 1-800-224-1299 or online www.watts.com
9
Troubleshooting
Problem
1. Low/Slow Production
Cause
Solution
Low Water Pressure
Assure a minimum of 40psi incoming water pressure.
Watts sells a booster pump if home water pressure is low.
Make sure water supply is turned on and Adapt-A-Valve™ is
all the way open.
Crimps in tubing
Check tubing and straighten or replace as necessary.
Clogged pre-filters
Replace pre-filters.
Fouled membrane
Replace membrane and flow restrictor.
2. Milky colored Water
Air in system
Air in the system is a normal occurrence with initial start up
of the RO system. This milky look will disappear during normal
use within 1-2 weeks. If condition reoccurs after filter change,
drain tank 1 to 2 times.
3. Water constantly running, unit will not shut off
Low water pressure
See #1 above
Crimp in supply tube
Check tubing and straighten or repair as necessary.
High water pressure
Check incoming water pressure to make sure it does not
exceed 80psi. A pressure relief valve may be necessary.
High pressure in Tank
Empty storage tank of water. Set tank air pressure between
5-7psi. See page 7.
Low Pressure in Tank
Use a Digital Air Gauge for best results. The empty tank pressure should be 5-7psi. See Page 7.
Crimp or restriction
Check tubing and straighten or repair as necessary.
Straighten all drain lines. Clear blockage. Cut off any excess
tubing.
Drain tube clogged
Caused from dishwasher or garbage disposal.
Disconnect the 3⁄8" black line at the drain, clean the 3⁄8" black
line out with a wire, then reconnect. Blowing air through the
line will not always remove the clog.
System starting up
Normally it takes 4-6 hours to fill tank. Note: low incoming
water pressure and/or temperature can drastically reduce
production rate.
Low water pressure
See #1 above.
To much air in tank
Tank air pressure should be 5-7psi when empty of water.
If below 5psi add air or bleed if above 7psi.
Check only when tank is empty of water. See Page 7.
Not properly tightened
Tighten the bowl.
Kinked O-ring
Turn off the water supply and release the pressure.
Replace the O-ring if necessary. Then lubricate it and make
sure the O-ring is seated in the filter bowl properly before
reinstalling the filter bowl.
4. Noise / Water from faucet vent hole or noise from in drain
line drain.
5. Small amount of water in storage tank
6. Water leaks from the blue or white filter housing
7. Low water flow from faucet
Check air pressure in tank
Use a Digital Air Gauge for best results. The empty tank pressure should be 5-7psi. See Page 7.
10
Parts List
The reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable treatment
component, critical for the effective reduction of total dissolved solids
and the product water shall be tested periodically to verify that the
system is performing properly
ITEM #
EDP#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
7300068
7300070
7100469
7100109
7100125
7100462
7300034
7100174
7300073
7300041
7300022
7100203
7300030
7300066
7300089
7300065
7300067
7300054
7300090
DESCRIPTION
Adapt-A-Valve™
Automatic Shut-Off-Valve - 1⁄4" QC
Sediment Filter
Carbon Filter
Reverse Osmosis Membrane
Post Carbon Filter
Elbow - 1⁄4" QC X 1⁄4" Stem
Storage Tank-3 Gal White
Tank Shut-Off Valve
Union Adapter - 1⁄4" QC X 3⁄8" QC
Flow Restrictor (not shown)
Airgap Faucet - Chrome
Drain Saddle - 3⁄8"
1⁄4" Green Tubing
3⁄8" Black Tubing
1⁄4" Blue Tubing
3⁄8" Blue Tubing
Module
1⁄4" X 1⁄4' Union
12 FAUCET
15
3/8˝ BLACK TUBE
DRAIN
13 DRAIN
SADDLE
17 3/8˝ BLUE TUBE
10 Q.C. UNION-ADAPTER
16 1/4˝ BLUE TUBE - PERMEATE
19 1/4˝ x 1/4˝ UNION
1/4˝ RED TUBE - BRINE
7
18
9 TANK SHUT-OFF VALVE
1/4˝ BLUE TUBE
2
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
14
1/4˝ GREEN TUBE
(FEED WATER)
TO
KITCHEN
SINK
1
1
8
STORAGE TANK
ADAPT-A-VALVE
MAIN WATER SUPPLY
SHUT-OFF VALVE
11
2
4
3
6
POST CARBON FILTER
5
RO-MEMBRANE
4
PRE-CARBON FILTER
3
SEDIMENT FILTER
LIMITED WARRANTY: Certain Watts Pure Water products come with a limited warranty from Watts Regulator Co. Other products may have no warranty or are covered by the original manufacturer’s
warranty only. For specific product warranty information, please visit www.watts.com or the published literature that comes with your product. Any remedies stated in such warranties are exclusive and
are the only remedies for breach of warranty. EXCEPT FOR THE APPLICABLE PRODUCT WARRANTY, IF ANY, WATTS MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT
PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, WATTS HEREBY SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL WATTS BE LIABLE, IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY, FOR
INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR PROPERTY DAMAGE, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER IT WAS INFORMED ABOUT
THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
A Watts Water Technologies Company
IOM-WQ-PWROKC4 1225
USA: Tel. (800) 224-1299 • www.watts.com
Canada: Tel. (888) 208-8927 • www.watts.ca
EDP# 2915874
© 2012 Watts
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