Carrier 50HX024-060 Operating instructions

50HX
Single Packaged Heat Pump Units
Visit www.carrier.com
Installation, Start-Up, and Operating Instructions
50HX Sizes 024-060
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
This symbol → indicates a change since the last issue.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS .....................................................1
Introduction ....................................................................................2
RECEIVING AND INSTALLATION ..........................................2
Check Equipment......................................................................2
IDENTIFY UNIT ................................................................2
INSPECT SHIPMENT ........................................................2
Provide Unit Support ................................................................2
ROOF CURB & SLAB MOUNT.......................................2
Provide Clearances....................................................................2
Select and Install Ductwork .....................................................2
Rig and Place Unit....................................................................3
INSTALLATION ................................................................5
Connect Condensate Drain .......................................................6
Install Duct Connections ..........................................................7
CONFIGURING UNITS FOR DOWNFLOW (VERTICAL) DISCHARGE-STANDARD UNITS (024–042)......8
CONFIGURING UNITS FOR DOWNFLOW (VERTICAL) DISCHARGE-ECM UNITS (048–060).................10
Install Electrical Connection ..................................................12
HIGH-VOLTAGE & CONTROL-VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS................................................................................14
SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR 208-V OPERATION ...15
Troubleshooting............................................................................34
Start-Up Checklist ........................................................................36
NOTE TO INSTALLER — Before the installation, READ THESE
INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY. Also,
make sure the User’s Manual and Replacement Guide are left with
the unit after installation.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Installation and servicing of air-conditioning equipment can be
hazardous due to system pressure and electrical components. Only
trained and qualified personnel should install, repair, or service
air-conditioning equipment.
Untrained personnel can perform basic maintenance functions of
cleaning coils and filters. All other operations should be performed
by trained service personnel. When working on air-conditioning
equipment, observe precautions in the literature, tags, and labels
attached to the unit, and other safety precautions that may apply.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and work gloves. Use
quenching cloth for unbrazing operations. Have fire extinguisher
available for all brazing operations. Consult a qualified installer or
service agency for information or assistance. The qualified installer or agency must use only factory-authorized kits or accessories when modifying this product.
PRE-START-UP ..........................................................................19
START-UP ...................................................................................19
CHECK FOR REFRIGERANT LEAKS..........................19
START UP AND MAKE ADJUSTMENTS....................20
CHECKING COOLING CONTROL OPERATION .......20
CHECKING HEATING CONTROL OPERATION........20
CHECKING AND ADJUSTING REFRIGERANT
CHARGE ...........................................................................20
INDOOR AIRFLOW AND AIRFLOW ADJUSTMENTS ..............................................................................23
For 208/230v-PSC Blower Motor.....................................23
For 208/230v-ECM Blower Motor ...................................23
COOLING SEQUENCE OF OPERATION.....................23
HEATING SEQUENCE OF OPERATION .....................25
MAINTENANCE.........................................................................25
AIR FILTER......................................................................25
UNIT TOP REMOVAL ....................................................26
INDOOR BLOWER AND MOTOR ................................26
OUTDOOR COIL, INDOOR COIL, AND CONDENSATE
DRAIN PAN......................................................................27
OUTDOOR FAN...............................................................30
ELECTRICAL CONTROLS AND WIRING ..................30
REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT...............................................30
INDOOR AIRFLOW ........................................................31
METERING DEVICE — ACUTROL DEVICE .............31
LIQUID LINE STRAINER ..............................................31
C95002
Fig. 1—Unit 50HX with Optional Base Rails
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 6
PC 101
Catalog No. 535–00101
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 50HX-5SI
Pg 1
7–03
Replaces: 50HX-4SI
Tab 6 8
all 4 sides of the unit. Install a 6-in. gravel apron in front of
outdoor coil-air inlet to prevent obstruction of airflow by grass or
shrubs. Do not secure the unit to the slab except when required by
local codes.
Before performing service or maintenance operations on
system, turn off power to unit. Turn off accessory heater
power switch, if applicable. Electrical shock can cause
personal injury.
Step 3—Provide Clearances
The required minimum service clearances are shown in Fig. 2-5.
Adequate ventilation and outdoor air must be provided. The
outdoor fan pushes air through the outdoor coil and discharges it
through the louvers on the top cover, the decorative grille, and the
compressor access panel. Be sure that the fan discharge does not
recirculate to the outdoor coil. Do not locate the unit in either a
corner or under an overhead obstruction. The minimum clearance
under a partial overhang (such as a normal house overhang) is 48
in. above the unit top. The maximum horizontal extension of a
partial overhang must not exceed 48 in.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety-alert symbol
.
When you see this symbol in instructions or manuals, be alert to
the potential for personal injury.
Understand the signal words DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION,
and NOTE. These words are used with the safety-alert symbol.
DANGER identifies the most serious hazards which will result in
severe personal injury or death. WARNING signifies a hazard
which could result in personal injury or death. CAUTION is used
to identify unsafe practices which would result in minor personal
injury or product and property damage. NOTE is used to highlight
suggestions which will result in enhanced installation, reliability,
or operation.
IMPORTANT: Do not restrict outdoor airflow. An air restriction
at either the outdoor-air inlet or the fan discharge may be
detrimental to compressor life.
These instructions cover minimum requirements and conform to
existing national standards and safety codes. In some instances,
these instructions exceed certain local codes and ordinances,
especially those that may not have kept up with changing residential construction practices. We require these instructions as a
minimum for a safe installation.
Do not place the unit where water, ice, or snow from an overhang
or roof will damage or flood the unit. Do not install the unit on
carpeting or other combustible materials. Slab-mounted units
should be at least 4 in. above the highest expected water and runoff
levels. Do not use unit if it has been under water.
INTRODUCTION
The 50HX units (see Fig. 1) are fully self-contained, and designed
for outdoor installation. See Figs. 2–5 for unit dimensions. All
units are shipped in a horizontal-discharge configuration for
installation on a ground-level slab. All units can be converted to
down-flow discharge configurations for rooftop applications. (See
Fig. 6 for roof curb dimensions.)
The design and installation of the duct system must be in
accordance with the standards of the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) for installation of nonresidence-type air conditioning and ventilating systems, NFPA90A or residence type,
NFPA90B; and/or local codes and residence-type, NFPA90B;
and/or local codes and ordinances. Select and size ductwork,
supply-air registers and return-air grilles according to ASHRAE
(American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers) recommendations. The unit has duct flanges on the
supply- and return-air openings on the side of the unit. See Fig. 2-5
for connection sizes and locations. When designing and installing
ductwork, consider the following:
Step 4—Select and Install Ductwork
RECEIVING AND INSTALLATION
Step 1—Check Equipment
IDENTIFY UNIT
The unit model number and serial number are stamped on the unit
identification plate. Check this information against shipping papers.
When connecting ductwork to units, do not drill deeper than
1/2–in. in shaded area shown or coil may be damaged.
INSPECT SHIPMENT
Inspect for shipping damage while unit is still on shipping pallet.
If unit appears to be damaged or is torn loose from its anchorage,
have it examined by transportation inspectors before removal.
Forward claim papers directly to transportation company. Manufacturer is not responsible for any damage incurred in transit.
Check all items against shipping list. Immediately notify the
nearest distributor if any item is missing. To prevent loss or
damage, leave all parts in original packages until installation.
1. All units should have field-supplied filters or accessory filter
rack installed in the return-air side of the unit. Recommended
sizes for filters are shown in Table 1.
2. Avoid abrupt duct size increases and reductions. Abrupt
change in duct size adversely affects air performance.
IMPORTANT: Use flexible connectors between ductwork and
unit to prevent transmission of vibration. Use suitable gaskets to
ensure weathertight and airtight seal. When electric heat is
installed, use fireproof canvas (or similar heat resistant material)
connector between ductwork and unit discharge connection. If
flexible duct is used, insert a sheet metal sleeve inside duct. Heat
resistant duct connector (or sheet metal sleeve) should extend
24-in. from electric heater element.
Step 2—Provide Unit Support
ROOF CURB & SLAB MOUNT
ROOF CURB - Install accessory roof curb in accordance with
instructions shipped with curb (See Fig. 6). Install insulation, cant
strips, roofing, and flashing. Ductwork must be attached to curb.
IMPORTANT: The gasketing of the unit to the roof curb is critical
for a watertight seal. Install gasketing material supplied with the
roof curb. Improperly applied gasketing also can result in air leaks
and poor unit performance.
3. Size ductwork for cooling air quantity (cfm). The minimum
air quantity for proper electric heater operation is listed in
Table 2. Heater limit switches may trip at air quantities below
those recommended.
NOTE: A 90-degree elbow must be provided in the supply
ductwork to comply with UL (Underwriters’ Laboratories) codes
for use with electric heat.
Curb should be level to within 1/4 in (See Fig. 8). This is necessary
for unit drain to function properly. Refer to accessory roof curb
installation instructions for additional information as required.
SLAB MOUNT - Place the unit on a solid, level concrete pad that
is a minimum of 4 in. thick with 2 in. above grade (See Fig. 10).
The slab should extend approximately 2 in. beyond the casing on
4. Insulate and weatherproof all external ductwork. Insulate and
cover with a vapor barrier all ductwork passing through
2
C95003
UNIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
50HX024
50HX030
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60
UNIT WEIGHT
lb.
257
288
kg
117
131
A
57/26
56/25
CORNER WT
LB/KG
B
C
69/31
75/34
87/40
74/34
D
56/25
71/32
CENTER OF GRAVITY
IN/MM
X
Y
Z
20.4/519
21.1/540
11.2/286
20.3/518
21.5/547
11.2/286
Fig. 2— 50HX024-030 Unit Dimensions (without base rails)
place. When a field-fabricated support is used, be sure that the
support is level and that it properly supports the unit.
UNITS WITHOUT BASE RAILS-Accessory rigging brackets are
recommended to be used for rigging. Install brackets as follows:
conditioned spaces. Follow latest Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association (SMACNA) and
Air Conditioning Contractors Association (ACCA) minimum
installation standards for residential heating and air conditioning systems.
5. Secure all ducts to building structure. Flash, weatherproof, and
vibration-isolate duct openings in wall or roof according to
good construction practices.
Step 5—Rig and Place Unit
Use spreader bars or crate top when rigging the unit. The units
must be rigged for lifting as shown in Fig. 7. Use extreme caution
to prevent damage when moving the unit. Unit must remain in an
upright position during all rigging and moving operations. The unit
must be level for proper condensate drainage; the ground-level pad
or accessory roof curb must be level before setting the unit in
3
C95004
UNIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
50HX024
50HX030
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60
UNIT WEIGHT
lb.
277
308
kg
126
140
A
62/28
61/28
CORNER WT
LB/KG
B
C
74/34
80/36
92/42
79/36
D
61/28
76/35
CENTER OF GRAVITY
IN/MM
X
Y
Z
20.2/515
21.3/541
13.8/351
20.2/514
21.5/547
13.8/351
Fig. 3— 50HX024-030 Unit Dimensions (with base rails)
2. Position paint protectors and foam strips between screws and
painted surface of unit. Tighten screws until they make contact
with the paint protectors.
3. Secure device or hook of sufficient strength to hole in bracket
as shown in detail ’’C’’ of Fig. 7.
4. If wood top is available, use it for a spreader bar to prevent
straps from damaging unit. If wood top is not available, use
spreader bars of sufficient length.
UNITS WITH OPTIONAL BASE RAILS - Keep unit upright and
do not drop. Use spreader bars or top crate when rigging unit.
Rollers may be used to move unit across roof. Level unit for proper
condensate disposal. See Fig. 7 for additional information. Lifting
Secure screws and paint protectors solidly against unit base to
hold lifting brackets in position. Never use lifting brackets
when the temperature is below -10 F (-23 C). Never exceed
200 lbs per bracket of lifting force. Never use lifting brackets
for lifting other models of air conditioning units. Lifting point
should be directly over the unit center of gravity. Failure to
follow this warning could result in personal injury or death.
1. Position brackets as close to the corners of unit as possible. Be
sure brackets are well outside of center of gravity (See Fig.
2-5, and 7).
4
C95005
UNIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
50HX036
50HX042
50HX048
50HX060
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60,
UNIT WEIGHT
lb.
316
316
359
373
kg
144
144
163
170
A
46/21
46/21
89/40
92/42
CORNER WT
LB/KG
B
C
103/47
81/37
103/47
81/37
81/37
113/51
85/39
116/53
D
86/39
86/39
76/35
80/36
CENTER OF GRAVITY
IN/MM
X
Y
Z
21.2/539 20.4/520 13.6/347
21.2/539 20.4/520 13.6/547
19.7/500 20.5/522 15.0/381
19.6/499 20.6/523 15.0/381
Fig. 4— 50HX036-060 Unit Dimensions (without base rails)
3. Tighten the ratchet strap unit tight. Lifting brackets should be
secure in the rigging holds.
4. Attach the clevis or hook of sufficient strength to hole in the
lifting bracket (See Fig. 7).
5. Attach safety straps directly to the field supplied rigging straps
or clevis clip. Do not attach the safety straps to the lifting
brackets.
6. Use the top of the unit as a spreader bar to prevent the rigging
straps from damaging the unit. If the wood top is not available,
holes are provided in base rails as shown in Fig. 7, See Detail “A”
or “B-B”. Refer to rigging instructions on unit.
INSTALLATION
1. Position the lifting bracket assembly around the base of the
unit. Leave the top shipping skid on the unit to act as a
spreader bar. Be sure the strap does not twist.
2. Place each of the four (4) metal lifting brackets into the
rigging holds in the composite pan.
5
C95006
UNIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
50HX036
50HX042
50HX048
50HX060
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60
208/230-1-60,
UNIT WEIGHT
lb.
336
336
379
393
kg
153
153
172
179
A
51/23
51/23
94/43
97/44
CORNER WT
LB/KG
B
C
108/49
86/39
108/49
86/39
86/39
118/54
90/41
121/55
D
91/41
91/41
81/37
85/39
CENTER OF GRAVITY
IN/MM
X
Y
Z
21.0/535
20.5/521 16.4/418
21.0/535
20.5/521 16.4/418
19.6/498.3 20.6/524 17.3/440
19.5/497.3 20.6/524 17.3/440
Fig. 5— 50HX036-060 Unit Dimensions (with base rails)
use a spreader bar of sufficient length to not damage the unit.
Lifting point should be directly over the center of gravity for
the unit. Failure to follow this warning could result in
personal injury or death.
Step 6—Connect Condensate Drain
NOTE: When installing condensate drain connection be sure to
comply with local codes and restrictions.
Unit disposes of condensate through a 3/4-in. NPT fitting which
exits through the compressor access panel. See Fig. 2–5 (Front
6
View) for location of condensate connection.
Condensate water can be drained directly onto the roof in rooftop
installations (where permitted) or onto a gravel apron in groundlevel installations. Install a field-supplied condensate trap at end of
condensate connection to ensure proper drainage. Make sure that
the outlet of the trap is at least 1-in. lower than the drain-pan
condensate connection to prevent the pan from overflowing. Prime
the trap with water. When using a gravel apron, make sure it slopes
away from the unit.
If the installation requires draining the condensate water away
from the unit, install a 2-in. trap using a 3/4-in. NPT connection
(See Fig. 18). Make sure that the outlet of the trap is at least 1-in.
lower than the unit drain-pan condensate connection to prevent the
C95007
ODS CATALOG NUMBER
Flat
Curb
CPRFCURB001A00
CPRFCURB002A00
CPRFCURB003A00
A
IN. (MM)
8 (203)
11 (279)
14 (356)
Fig. 6— Roof Curb Dimensions
connector between ductwork and unit discharge connection. If
flexible duct is used, insert a sheet metal sleeve inside duct. Heat
resistant duct connector (or sheet metal sleeve) must extend 24-in.
from the unit discharge connection flange into the ductwork.
pan from overflowing. Prime the trap with water. Connect a drain
tube using a minimum of 3/4-in. PVC, 3/4-in. CPVC, or 3/4-in.
copper pipe (all field supplied). Do not undersize the tube. Pitch
the drain tube downward at a slope of at least 1 in. for every 10 ft
of horizontal run. Be sure to check the drain tube for leaks. Prime
trap at the beginning of the cooling season start-up.
ACCESSORY DUCT FLANGE KIT INSTALLATION1. Mark hole locations (See instructions included in Flange Kit).
Step 7—Install Duct Connections
The unit has duct flanges on the supply- and return-air openings on
the side and bottom of the unit. For downshot applications the
ductwork can be connected to the roof curb. See Fig. 2-5 for
connection sizes and locations.
Do not drill deeper than 1/2–in. into area between round duct
openings. Damage to refrigerant coil could result.
2. At marked locations, drill holes using a no. 26 (.147-in.) twist
drill (See Fig. 19).
IMPORTANT: Use flexible connectors between ductwork and
unit to prevent transmission of vibration. Use suitable gaskets to
ensure weathertight and airtight seal. When electric heat is
installed, use fire proof canvas (or similar heat resistant material)
3. Partially secure duct flanges using two of the no. 10, 1/2-in.
screws provided.
7
C95006
CHART A
UNIT
SIZE
Max
Weight
LB
296
327
355
355
398
412
024
030
036
042
048
060
CHART B
A
KG
134
148
161
161
180
187
IN
16.1
16.2
15.4
15.4
16.9
16.9
Max
Weight
B
MM
410
411
390
390
428
429
IN
32.2
32.2
38.2
38.2
38.2
38.2
MM
817
817
969
969
969
969
LB
309
340
368
368
411
425
C
KG
140
154
167
167
186
193
IN
16.0
16.0
15.2
15.2
16.8
16.8
D
MM
406
407
385
385
426
427
IN
28.9
28.9
34.9
34.9
34.1
34.1
MM
733
733
885
885
867
867
Fig. 7— 50HX Rigging Instructions
A
C
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE
DIFFERENCE (in.)
B
A-B
B-C
A-C
1/4
1/4
1/4
C99065
Fig. 8—Unit Leveling Tolerances
CONFIGURING UNITS FOR DOWNFLOW (VERTICAL)
DISCHARGE-STANDARD UNITS (024–042)
Units 024–042 (Units with PSC Indoor Blower Motors) are
shipped in a horizontal configuration. To convert a horizontal unit
for downflow (vertical) discharge, perform the following steps:
4. See the following caution. Using remaining holes in duct
flanges as templates, drill the remaining holes with the no. 26
(.147-in.) drill.
5. Fully secure the duct flanges using the remaining screws
provided.
NOTE: The finished kit installation accommodates a 14 3/4-in. x
14 3/4-in. duct.
8
INDOOR
THERMOS
TAT
RETURN
AIR
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
TOP COVER
DISCONNECT
PER NEC
C95013
Fig. 9—Typical Unit Installation
REAR SIDE OF UNIT
984 mm
(38 3/4”)
PAD
UNIT OUTLINE
933 mm
(36 3/4”)
SIDE
OF UNIT
WITH DUCT
CONNECTIONS
1110 mm
(43 11/16”)
1161 mm
(45 11/16”)
SIDE OF UNIT WITH
ACCESS PANELS FOR
CONTROL BOX AND
INDOOR BLOWER HOUSING
NOTES:
1. Extend 6-in. gravel apron around pad.
2. Provide a3-ft service clearance at front and rear sides of unit.
C95039
Fig.10—Typical Slab Layout
bracket attached to the blower shelf; remove this filler bracket
and retain for later use (See Fig. 16).
Before performing service or maintenance operations on the
system, turn off main power to unit and install lockout tag or
electrical shock could result.
8. Locate lances in unit base insulation that are placed over the
perimeter of the vertical discharge opening cover (See Fig.
13).
1. Open all electrical disconnects and install lockout tag before
starting any service work.
9. Using a straight edge and sharp knife, cut the insulation
around the perimeter of the cover. Remove the screws
securing the cover to the unit base and slide out the cover.
Discard the cover. Install filler bracket removed in Step 7.
2. Remove indoor coil access panel (See Fig. 12).
3. Locate lances in unit base insulation that are placed over the
perimeter of the vertical duct opening cover (See Fig. 13).
10. If unit ductwork is to be attached to vertical opening flanges
on the unit base (jackstand applications only), do so at this
time.
4. Using a straight edge and sharp knife, cut and remove the
insulation around the perimeter of the cover. Remove the
screws securing the cover to the unit base and slide out the
cover. Discard the cover.
11. It is recommended that the unit base insulation around the
perimeter of the vertical opening be secured to the unit base
with aluminum tape to prevent the insulation from tearing or
bunching up when the blower housing is installed in the
vertical discharge position.
5. Remove indoor blower access panel (See Fig. 14).
6. Disconnect indoor-fan motor leads from indoor fan relay and
unit contactor (See Fig. 15). Carefully disengage wire tie
containing indoor-fan motor leads from the unit control box
(See Fig. 15 & 17).
12. Orient blower housing for vertical airflow (blower motor
adjacent to horizontal duct opening) and slide into vertical
opening making sure the flanges on the blower side plates
engage the tabs in the unit base (See Fig. 15). Resistance will
be felt as the blower housing contacts the unit base insulation;
7. Remove screws securing indoor blower housing to blower
shelf and carefully slide out blower housing. There is a filler
9
959 mm
(37 3/4 in.)
3
305 mm (12 in.) TO 610 mm (24 in.) (4) REQ.
1
1010 mm
(39 3/4 in.) (2) REQ.
2
909 mm (35 3/4 in.) (2) REQ.
38 mm (1 1/4 in.)
3
406 mm (16 in.) (8) REQ.
4
1060 mm
(41 3/4 in.)
2
4
NOTES:
1. Material consists of angle iron — 31.8 mm (1-1/4 in.) to 38 mm
(1-1/2 in.) commerical standard.
2. We ldframe together.
3. Pa int with zinc-rich paint (rust-proof).
1
C95013
Fig. 11—Optional Heat Pump Mounting Frame
ACCESS PANEL
(REMOVE SCREWS)
C95014
Fig. 12—Indoor Coil Access Panel
this can be overcome by applying a slight force to the base of
the blower. Continue sliding blower in until hole in side plate
flange aligns with the hole in the unit base. Secure using screw
removed in Step 7. Reconnect indoor-fan motor leads and
insert wire tie back into unit control box.
Before performing service or maintenance operations on the
system, turn off main power to unit and install lockout tag or
electrical shock could result.
13. Cover the horizontal duct openings. Duct covers can be
ordered as an accessory or field fabricated (See Fig. 20).
1. Open all electrical disconnects and install lockout tag before
starting any service work.
2. Remove indoor coil access panel (See Fig. 12).
3. Locate lances in unit base insulation that are placed over the
perimeter of the vertical duct opening cover (See Fig. 13).
4. Using a straight edge and sharp knife, cut and remove the
insulation around the perimeter of the cover. Remove the
screws securing the cover to the unit base and slide out the
cover. Discard the cover.
5. Remove indoor blower access panel (See Fig. 14).
14. Reinstall the indoor coil and indoor blower access panels.
15. After completing unit installation, perform all safety checks
and power up unit.
CONFIGURING UNITS FOR DOWNFLOW (VERTICAL)
DISCHARGE-ECM UNITS (048–060)
Units 048–060 (Units with ECM Indoor Blower Motors) are
shipped in a horizontal configuration. To convert a horizontal unit
for downflow (vertical) discharge, perform the following steps:
10
C95015
Fig. 13—Removing Insulation and Vertical Duct Cover
INDOOR BLOWER ACCESS PANEL
(REMOVE SCREWS)
C950016
Fig. 14—Indoor Blower Access Panel
13. Orient blower housing for vertical airflow (blower motor
adjacent to horizontal duct opening) and slide into vertical
opening making sure the flanges on the blower side plates
engage the tabs in the unit base (See Fig. 15). Resistance will
be felt as the blower housing contacts the unit base insulation;
this can be overcome by applying a slight force to the base of
the blower. Continue sliding blower in until hole in side plate
flange aligns with the hole in the unit base. Secure using screw
removed in Step 6.
14. Reinstall the high-voltage raceway removed in Step 12.
15. Cover the horizontal duct openings. Duct covers can be
ordered as an accessory or field fabricated (See Fig. 20).
16. Reinstall the indoor coil and indoor blower access panels.
17. After completing unit installation, perform all safety checks
and power up unit.
6. Disconnect the plug assemblies from the indoor-fan motor
(See Fig. 15 & 17).
7. Remove screws securing indoor blower housing to blower
shelf and carefully slide out blower housing. There is a filler
bracket attached to the blower shelf; remove this filler bracket
and retain for later use (See Fig. 16).
8. Locate lances in unit base insulation that are placed over the
perimeter of the vertical discharge opening cover (See Fig.
13).
9. Using a straight edge and sharp knife, cut the insulation
around the perimeter of the cover. Remove the screws
securing the cover to the unit base and slide out the cover.
Discard the cover. Install filler bracket removed in Step 6.
10. If unit ductwork is to be attached to vertical opening flanges
on the unit base (jackstand applications only), do so at this
time.
11. It is recommended that the unit base insulation around the
perimeter of the vertical opening be secured to the unit base
with aluminum tape to prevent the insulation from tearing or
bunching up when the blower housing is installed in the
vertical discharge position.
12. Remove screws securing the high-voltage raceway to duct
panel. Temporarily place raceway on top of unit until blower
housing is installed.
11
BLOWER
SHELF
FILLER
BRACKET
RACEWAY
PLUG ASSEMBLIES
HORIZONTAL DUCT OPENING
C950010
Fig. 15—Converting Blower Assembly to Vertical Airflow
FILLER
BRACKET
REMOVE
C95017
Fig. 16—Blower Shelf and Housing
Step 8—Install Electrical Connection
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted, unbroken
electrical ground to minimize the possibility of personal
injury if an electrical fault should occur. This ground may
consist of an electrical wire connected to the unit ground lug
in the control compartment, or conduit approved for electrical
ground when installed in accordance with NEC (National
Electrical Code) ANSI/NFPA (latest edition) and local electrical codes. In Canada, follow Canadian Electrical Code
CSA (Canadian Standards Association) C22.1 and local
electrical codes. Failure to adhere to this warning could result
in personal injury or death.
12
DEFROST
BOARD
CONTACTOR
RELAY
C95017
Fig. 17—Control Box Detail View
1” (25mm) MIN.
TRAP
OUTLET
2” (50mm) MIN.
C99013
Fig. 18–Condensate Trap
Table 1—Physical Data—Unit 50HX
UNIT SIZE
NOMINAL CAPACITY (ton)
OPERATING WEIGHT (lb.)
Without Base Rails
WIth Optional Rails
COMPRESSOR
REFRIGERANT (R-22)
Quantity (lb.)
REFRIGERANT METERING DEVICE
OUTDOOR COIL
Rows...Fins/in.
Face Area (sq. ft.)
OUTDOOR FAN
Nominal Cfm
Diameter (in.)
Motor Hp (Rpm)
INDOOR COIL
Rows...Fins/in.
Face Area (sq. ft.)
INDOOR BLOWER
Motor Type
Speeds
Nominal Airflow (Cfm)
Size (in.)
Motor Hp (RPM)
RETURN-AIR FILTERS (in.)
Throwaway
024
2
030
2-1/2
036
3
042
3-1/2
048
4
060
5
309
296
340
327
368
355
368
355
411
398
425
412
7.9
8.1
Scroll
5.4
5.6
8.6
6.8
Acutrol™ System
2...17
7.0
2...17
7.0
2...17
8.7
2...17
8.7
2...17
8.7
2...17
8.7
2200
20
1/4 (1100)
2200
20
1/4 (1100)
2200
20
1/4 (1100)
2400
20
1/4 (1100)
2400
20
1/3 (1100)
2400
20
1/3 (1050)
3...15
3.6
3...15
3.6
4...15
4.5
4...15
4.5
4...15
4.5
4...15
4.5
PSC
3
800
10x9
1/4 (1075)
PSC
3
1000
10x9
1/4 (1075)
PSC
3
1300
10x9
1/2 (1100)
PSC
3
1400
10x9
1/2 (1100)
ECM
Variable
1550
10x10
1.0 (Variable)
ECM
Variable
1800
10x10
1.0 (Variable)
24x24x1
24x24x1
24x30x1
24x30x1
24x30x1
24x30x1
ECM-Electronic Computated Motor.
13
19-1/2"
5"
[495]
[127]
NOTES:
1. Do not drill more than 1/2-in into shaded area.
2. Dimensions in [ ] are in mm.
C95012
Fig. 19—Area Not To Be Drilled
high-voltage leads through the knockout on the duct panel (see
Fig. 21 for location and size). When the leads are inside the
unit, run leads up the high-voltage raceway to the line wiring
splice box (Fig. 22). For single-phase units, connect leads to
the black and yellow wires (see Fig. 24 & 26-27).
2. CONNECTING GROUND LEAD TO WIRE-BINDING
SCREW - Refer to Fig. 22. Connect the ground lead to the
chassis using the wire-binding screw in the wiring splice box.
3. ROUTING CONTROL POWER WIRES - STD NON-ECM
UNITS (24 v) -Form a drip-loop with the thermostat leads
before routing them into the unit. Route the thermostat leads
through grommeted hole provided in unit (see Fig. 21) into
unit control power splice box. Connect thermostat leads to unit
control power leads as shown in Fig. 23.
4. ROUTING CONTROL POWER WIRES - ECM UNITS (24
v) - Remove knockout in the duct panel (see Fig. 21). Remove
the rubber grommet from the installer’s packet (included with
unit) and install it in the knockout opening. Route thermostat
wires through grommet providing a drip loop at the panel.
Connect low-voltage leads to the thermostat as shown in Fig.
23.
The Easy Select interface board is located in the return-air
section and is attached to the duct panel. The Easy Select
interface board is factory wired to the motor and factory
default selections are preset.
5. The unit transformer supplies 24-v power for complete system
including accessory electrical heater. Transformer is factory
wired for 230-v operation. If supply voltage is 208 v, rewire
transformer primary as described in the Special Procedures for
208-v Operation section.
NOTE: Do not use any type of power-stealing thermostat. Unit
control problems may result.
Use no. 18 American Wire Gage (AWG) color-coded, insulated
(35 C minimum) wires to make the control voltage connections
between the thermostat and the unit. If the thermostat is located
more than 100 ft. from the unit (as measured along the control
voltage wires), use no. 16 AWG color-coded, insulated (35 C
minimum) wires.
Failure to follow these precautions could result in damage to
the unit being installed:
1. Make all electrical connections in accordance with NEC
ANSI/NFPA (latest edition) and local electrical codes
governing such wiring. In Canada, all electrical connections must be in accordance with CSA standard C22.1
Canadian Electrical Code Part 1 and applicable local
codes. Refer to unit wiring diagram.
2. Use only copper conductor for connections between
field-supplied electrical disconnect switch and unit. DO
NOT USE ALUMINUM WIRE.
3. Be sure that high-voltage power to unit is within operating
voltage range indicated on unit rating plate.
4. Do not damage internal components when drilling through
any panel to mount electrical hardware, conduit, etc. On
3-phase units, ensure phases are balanced within 2 percent.
Consult local power company for correction of improper
voltage and/or phase imbalance.
HIGH-VOLTAGE & CONTROL-VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS
The unit must have a separate electrical service with a fieldsupplied, waterproof, disconnect switch mounted at, or within
sight from, the unit. Refer to the unit rating plate for maximum
fuse/circuit breaker size and minimum circuit amps (ampacity) for
wire sizing. See Table 3 for electrical data.
The field-supplied disconnect switch box may be mounted on the
unit over the high-voltage inlet hole when the standard power and
low-voltage entry points are used. See Fig. 21 for acceptable
location.
See unit wiring label and Fig. 23, 24 & 26-27 for reference when
making high voltage connections. Proceed as follows to complete
the high-voltage connections to the unit.
If the unit has an electric heater, a second disconnect may be
required. Consult the Installation Instructions provided with
the accessory heater for electrical service connections.
1. ROUTING POWER LEADS INTO UNIT-Use only copper
wire between disconnect and unit. The high-voltage leads
should be in a conduit until they enter the duct panel; conduit
termination at the duct panel must be watertight. Run the
14
21 9/16” (547)
9 11/16” (245)
11/32” DIA (8 Places/Holes)
14 11/16”(372)
13 3/4” (348)
3 3/4” (94)
11/16” (17)TYP
0
0
10 5/8” (270)
9/32” (7)TYP
22-GAGE SHEET
METAL COVER (SEE ABOVE)
19” (482)
31 3/16” (792)
1 3/4” (43) 0
4 ADHESIVE-BACKED SPONGE RUBBER
SEAL STRIPS-1/8” (3.2) THICK
1//2-IN.THICK, 1-lb
. DENSITY FIBERGLASS INSULATION
WITH ALUMINUM FOIL BACKING; SECURE WITH ADHESIVE
SEAL ALL FOUR CORNERS
WITH SILICONE SEALER
C95019
Fig. 20—Field-Fabricated Duct Cover
Table 2—Minimum Airflow for Safe Electric Heater
Operation (Cfm)
SIZE
024
700
030
875
036
1225
042
1225
SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR 208-V OPERATION
048
1400
060
1750
6. Wrap the wire nut with electrical tape so that the metal
terminal cannot be seen.
NOTE: Indoor blower motor speeds may need to be changed for
208-v operation. Refer to Indoor Airflow and Airflow Adjustment
Section.
Make sure that the power supply to the unit is switched OFF
and lockout tag installed before making any wiring changes.
Electrical shock can cause serious injury or death.
1. Disconnect the orange transformer-primary lead from the
contactor. See unit wiring label
2. Remove the wire nut from the terminal on the end of the red
transformer-primary lead.
3. Save the wire nut.
4. Connect the red lead to the contactor terminal from which the
orange lead was disconnected.
5. Using the wire nut removed from the red lead, insulate the
loose terminal on the orange lead.
15
HIGH
VOLTAGE
POWER
ENTRY
(KNOCKOUT)
2 DIA.
1 1/8 DIA.
1 3/8 DIA.
2 DIA.
7/8 DIA.
CONTROL
POWER
ENTRY*
*Knockout on rectangular-duct panel units; entry hole on round-duct
panel units.
NOTE: For rectangular duct knockout sizes, see Fig. 2-9.
C95036
Fig. 21–Typical Duct Panel Knockouts
UNIT POWER
LEAD
UNIT LINE WIRE
SPLICE BOX
WIRE-BINDING
SCREW
CONTROL POWER
SPLICE BOX
C95022
Fig. 22—Wiring Splice Boxes
16
→
Table 3—Electrical Data—50HX
VOLTAGE
COMPRESSOR OFM IFM
RANGE
UNIT
50HX
SIZE
(–SERIES,
IF
USED)
V-PH
(60 HZ)
18.1/20.8
27.1/31.3
36.1/41.7
40.3/43.4
51.0/56.5
62.5/69.5
45/45
60/60
—
—
—
70/80
22.5/26.0
33.7/39.1
45.1/50.8
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
17.4
25/25
—
1.4
2.0
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
18.1/20.8
27.1/31.3
36.1/41.7
41.4/44.5
52.2/57.7
63.7/70.7
45/45
60/60
—
—
—
70/80
22.5/26.0
33.7/39.1
45.1/50.8
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
18.5
25/25
—
73.0
1.4
2.6
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
11.30/15.0
18.1/20.8
27.1/31.3
36.1/41.7
54.1/62.0
45.3/48.8
56.6/61.8
67.9/74.8
90.4/100.3
50/50
60/–
—
—
—
–/70
70/80
100/100
22.5/26.0
33.7/39.1
45.1/50.1
67.9/78.1
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
—
70/80
22.8
30/30
—
88.0
1.2
2.6
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
11.30/15.0
18.1/20.8
27.1/31.3
36.1/41.7
54.1/62.0
48.3/51.7
56.6/61.8
67.9/74.8
90.4/100.3
60/60
60/–
—
—
—
–/70
80/80
100/110
22.5/26.0
33.7/39.1
45.1/50.1
67.9/78.1
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
—
70/80
23.8
35/35
—
3.1
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
11.30/15.0
15.0/20.0
18.1/20.8 52.1/55.5
27.1/31.3 63.3/68.6
36.1/41.7 74.6/81.6
54.1/62.0 97.1/107.0
72.2/83.3 119.8/133.7
60/60
—
—
—
—
—
22.5/26.0
70/80
33.7/39.1
80/90
45.1/50.8
100/110 67.9/78.1
125/150 90.1/104.2
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
—
—
70/80
100/110
29.5
45/45
—
7.2
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
11.30/15.0
15.0/20.0
18.1/20.8 65.2/68.3
27.1/31.3 75.9/81.4
36.1/41.7 87.4/94.4
54.1/62.0 110.2/120.4
72.2/83.3 131.8/145.9
—
—
—
—
—
70/70
22.5/26.0
80/90
33.7/39.1
90/100 45.1/50.8
125/125 67.9/78.1
150/150 90.1/104.2
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
—
—
70/80
100/110
42.3
50/50
—
7.2
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
11.30/15.0
15.0/20.0
18.1/20.8 58.2/61.3
27.1/31.3 68.9/74.4
36.1/41.7 80.4/87.4
54.1/62.0 103.2/113.4
72.2/83.3 124.8/138.9
60/—
—
—
—
-/70
22.5/26.0
70/80
33.7/39.1
90/90
45.1/50.8
110/125 67.9/78.1
125/150 90.1/104.2
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
—
—
70/80
100/110
35.3
45/45
—
7.2
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
11.30/15.0
15.0/20.0
18.1/20.8 72.0/75.5
27.1/31.3 83.3/88.5
36.1/41.7 94.6/101.5
54.1/62.0 117.1/126.9
72.2/83.3 139.6/153.5
—
—
—
—
—
90/100 22.5/26.0
100/100 33.7/39.1
100/110 45.1/50.8
125/150 67.9/78.1
150/175 90.1/104.2
25/30
35/40
50/60
—
—
—
—
—
70/80
100/110
48.7
—
80/80
024–311
208/230-1 187
253
11.2
56.0
1.4
024–321
208/230-1 187
253
12.1
54.0
030
208/230-1 187
253
15.0
036
208/230-1 187
253
16.0
048–311
060
208/230-1 187
208/230-1 187
208/230-1 187
253
253
253
26.4
20.8
32.1
Heater
Only
DualPoint
MOCP
Unit
Only
Unit DualUnit
Only Point Only
Dual- Max Dual
Point Fuse Point
MOCP
MCA
or
Ckt
Bkr
3.75/5.00
5.60/7.50
7.50/10.0
FLA FLA
048–301
Heater
Only
DualPoint
Max
Fuse
or
Ckt
Bkr
2.0
LRA
20.0
SinglePoint
MOCP
Heater
Only
DualPoint
Wiring
MCA
FLA
RLA
253
SinglePoint
Max
Fuse
or
Ckt
Bkr
kW
Max
208/230-1 187
DUAL-POINT
POWER SUPPLY
(INCLUDING UNIT ONLY)
SINGLE-POINT
POWER SUPPLY
SinglePoint
Wiring
MCA
Min
042
ELECTRIC
HEAT
104.0
129.0
109.0
169.0
1.4
2.1
2.1
2.1
(See legend following Electrical Data chart)
17
EXAMPLE: Supply voltage is 460-3-60.
AB = 452 v
BC = 464 v
AC = 455 v
LEGEND
FLA
— Full Load Amps
LRA
— Locked Rotor Amps
MCA
— Minimum Circuit Amps
MOCP — Maximum Overcurrent Protection
RLA
— Rated Load Amps
CKT BKR — Circuit Breaker
452 + 464 + 455
3
1371
=
3
= 457
®
Average Voltage =
NOTES:
1. In compliance with NEC (National Electrical Code) requirements
for multimotor and combination load equipment (refer to NEC
Articles 430 and 440), the overcurrent protective device for the
unit shall be Power Supply fuse . Canadian units may be
fuse or circuit breaker.
2. Minimum wire size is based on 60 C copper wire. If other than
60 C wire is used, or if length exceeds wire length in table,
determine size from NEC.
3. Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
Never operate a motor where a phase imbalance in supply voltage is greater than 2%. Use the following formula to determine
the percentage of voltage imbalance.
Determine maximum deviation from average voltage.
(AB) 457 452 = 5 v
(BC) 464 457 = 7 v
(AC) 457 455 = 2 v
Maximum deviation is 7 v.
Determine percent of voltage imbalance.
7
% Voltage Imbalance = 100 x
457
= 1.53%
This amount of phase imbalance is satisfactory as it is below the
maximum allowable 2%.
% Voltage imbalance
= 100 x
max voltage deviation from average voltage
average voltage
IMPORTANT: If the supply voltage phase imbalance is
more than 2%, contact your local electric utility company
immediately.
C99024
C
BRN
O
ORN
R
RED
G
GRN
Y
YEL
E
WHT
W2
THERMOSTAT
AND SUBBASE
UNIT CONTROL POWER
SPLICE BOX
C99056
Fig. 23—Control-Voltage Connections
18
GROUND LUG
(IN SLPICE BOX)
GROUND
LEAD
SINGLE-PHASE
CONNECTIONS
TO DISCONNECT
PER NEC
L1
BLK
L2
YEL
BLU
L3
3-PHASE
CONNECTIONS
NOTE: Use copper wire only.
LEGEND
NEC – National Electrical Code
Field Wiring
Splice Connections
C99057
Fig. 24—High-Voltage Connections
PRE-START-UP
d. Ensure electrical wiring does not contact refrigerant tubes
or sharp metal edges.
e. Inspect coil fins. If damaged during shipping and handling,
carefully straighten fins with a fin comb.
4. Verify the following conditions
a. Make sure that outdoor-fan blade is correctly positioned in
fan orifice. Leading edge of outdoor-fan blade should be 2
in. back from inlet grille or 1/2–in. maximum from the fan
deck.
b. Make sure that air filter(s) is in place.
c. Make sure that condensate drain trap is filled with water to
ensure proper drainage.
d. Make sure that all tools and miscellaneous loose parts have
been removed.
5. Compressors are internally spring mounted. Do not loosen or
remove compressor hold-down bolts.
6. Each unit (system) has 2 Schrader-type ports, one low-side
fitting located on the suction line, and one high-side fitting
located on the compressor discharge line. Be sure that caps
covering these Schrader fittings are tight.
Failure to observe the following warnings could result in
serious personal injury:
1. Follow recognized safety practices and wear protective
goggles when checking or servicing refrigerant system.
2. Do not operate compressor or provide any electric power to
unit unless compressor terminal cover is in place and
secured.
3. Do not remove compressor terminal cover until all electrical sources are disconnected.
4. Relieve and recover all refrigerant from system before
touching or disturbing anything inside terminal box if
refrigerant leak is suspected around compressor terminals.
5. Never attempt to repair soldered connection while refrigerant system is under pressure.
6. Do not use torch to remove any component. System
contains oil and refrigerant under pressure. To remove a
component, wear protective goggles and proceed as follows:
a. Shut off electrical power to unit.
b. Relieve and reclaim all refrigerant from system using
both high- and low-pressure ports.
c. Cut component connecting tubing with tubing cutter and
remove component from unit.
d. Carefully unsweat remaining tubing stubs when necessary. Oil can ignite when exposed to torch flame.
START-UP
CHECK FOR REFRIGERANT LEAKS
Proceed as follows to locate and repair a refrigerant leak and to
charge the unit:
1. Locate leak and make sure that refrigerant system pressure has
been relieved and reclaimed from both high- and low-pressure
ports.
2. Repair leak following accepted practices. NOTE: Install a
filter drier whenever the system has been opened for repair.
3. Add a small charge of R-22 refrigerant vapor to system and
leak-test unit.
4. Recover refrigerant from refrigerant system and evacuate to
500 microns if no additional leaks are not found.
5. Charge unit with R-22 refrigerant, using a volumetriccharging cylinder or accurate scale. Refer to unit rating plate
for required charge. Be sure to add extra refrigerant to
compensate for internal volume of filter drier.
Proceed as follows to inspect and prepare the unit for initial
startup:
1. Remove access panel.
2. Read and follow instructions on all WARNING, CAUTION,
and INFORMATION labels attached to, or shipped with, unit.
3. Make the following inspections:
a. Inspect for shipping and handling damages such as broken
lines, loose parts, disconnected wires, etc.
b. Inspect for oil at all refrigerant tubing connections and on
unit base. Detecting oil generally indicates a refrigerant
leak. Leak test all refrigerant tubing connections using
electronic leak detector, halide torch, or liquid-soap solution. If a refrigerant leak is detected, see Check for
Refrigerant Leaks section.
c. Inspect all field- and factory-wiring connections. Be sure
that connections are completed and tight.
19
down when control setting is satisfied and that indoor blower
shuts down after fan time delay expires.
3. When using an auto-changeover room thermostat, place both
SYSTEM and FAN switches in AUTO positions. Observe that
unit operates in heating mode when temperature control is set
to “call for heating” (above room temperature).
1/2 IN. MAX
FROM FAN DECK
4. If system is equipped with supplemental or emergency heat
(resistance heaters), observe that when thermostat is placed in
EMERGENCY HEAT mode and temperature control is set
above room temperature that heaters and indoor blower come
on. Observe that heaters shut off when control setting is
satisfied and that the indoor blower shuts off after fan time
delay expires.
MOTOR SHAFT
MOTOR
CHECKING AND ADJUSTING REFRIGERANT CHARGE
The refrigerant system is fully charged with R-22 refrigerant,
tested, and factory-sealed.
NOTE: Adjustment of the refrigerant charge is not required
unless the unit is suspected of not having the proper R-22 charge.
C95027
A superheat charging chart is attached to the outside of the
compressor access panel. The chart includes the required suction
line temperature at given suction line pressures and outdoor
ambient temperatures (See Table 13A-H and Fig. 30).
Fig. 25—Fan Blade Clearance
START UP AND MAKE ADJUSTMENTS
An accurate superheat, thermocouple- or thermistor-type thermometer, a sling psychrometer, and a gauge manifold are required
when using the superheat charging method for evaluating the unit
charge. Do not use mercury or small dial-type thermometers
because they are not adequate for this type of measurement.
Complete the required procedures given in the Pre-Start- Up
section before starting the unit. Do not jumper any safety
devices when operating the unit. Do not operate the compressor when the outdoor temperature is below 40°F (unless
accessory low-ambient kit is installed). Do not rapid-cycle the
compressor. Allow 5 minutes between “on” cycles to prevent
compressor damage.
NOTE: Allow system to operate in the cooling mode for a
minimum of 10 minutes before checking or adjusting refrigerant
charge.
CHECKING COOLING CONTROL OPERATION
Start and check the unit for proper cooling control operation as
follows:
When evaluating the refrigerant charge, an indicated adjustment to the specified factory charge must always be very
minimal. If a substantial adjustment is indicated, an abnormal
condition exists somewhere in the cooling system, such as
insufficient airflow across either coil or both coils. Failure to
adjust charge properly or correct the abnormal conditions will
cause damage to the unit.
1. Place room thermostat SYSTEM switch in OFF position.
Observe that blower motor starts when FAN switch is placed
in ON position and shuts down when FAN switch is placed in
AUTO position.
2. Place SYSTEM switch in COOL position and FAN switch in
AUTO position. Set cooling control below room temperature.
Observe that compressor, outdoor fan, and indoor blower
motors start. Observe that compressor and outdoor fan shut
down when control setting is satisfied and that indoor blower
shuts down after fan time delay expires.
Proceed as follows:
1. Remove caps from low- and high-pressure service fittings.
2. Using hoses with valve core depressors, attach low- and
high-pressure gauge hoses to low- and high-pressure service
fittings, respectively.
3. When using an auto-changeover room thermostat, place both
SYSTEM and FAN switches in AUTO positions. Observe that
unit operates in heating mode when temperature control is set
to “call for heating” (above room temperature) and operates in
cooling mode when temperature control is set to “call for
cooling” (below room temperature).
3. Start unit in Cooling mode and let unit run until system
pressures stabilize.
4. Measure and record the following:
a. Outdoor ambient-air temperature (°F db).
CHECKING HEATING CONTROL OPERATION
b. Indoor coil inlet-air temperature (°F wb).
Start and check the unit for proper cooling control operation as
follows:
c. Suction-tube temperature (°F) at low-side service fitting.
d. Suction (low-side) pressure (psig).
1. Place room thermostat SYSTEM switch in OFF position.
Observe that blower motor starts when FAN switch is placed
in ON position and shuts down when FAN switch is placed in
AUTO position.
5. Using “Superheat Charging Charts” compare outdoor-air temperature (°F db) with the Indoor coil air inlet temperature (°F
wb) to determine desired system operating superheat temperature. See Table 13A–H and Fig. 30.
2. Place SYSTEM switch in HEAT position and FAN switch in
AUTO position. Set cooling control above room temperature.
Observe that compressor, outdoor fan, and indoor blower
motors start. Observe that compressor and outdoor fan shut
6. Using ’’Required Suction-Tube Temperature (F)’’ table, compare desired superheat temperature with suction (low-side)
operating pressure (psig) to determine proper suction-tube
temperature. See Fig. 30.
20
C95037
Fig. 26—Wiring Diagram–024 to 042 (208/230-60-1)
21
C95038
Fig. 27—Wiring Diagram–048 to 060 (208/230-60-1 with ECM Indoor)
22
TRANSFORMER CONTAINS A MANUAL
RESET OVERCURRENT PROTECTOR
IT WILL NOT AUTOMATICALLY RESET
DISCONNECT POWER AND INSTALL
LOCKOUT TAG PRIOR TO SERVICING
THIS COMPARTMENT MUST BE CLOSED
EXCEPT WHEN SERVICING
C95025
Fig. 28—Transformer Label
7. Compare actual suction-tube temperature with proper suctiontube temperature. Using a tolerance of ±3° F, add refrigerant
if actual temperature is more than 3° F higher than proper
suction-tube temperature, or remove refrigerant if actual
temperature is more than 3° F lower than required suctiontube temperature.
NOTE: If the problem causing the inaccurate readings is a
refrigerant leak, refer to Check for Refrigerant Leaks section.
minimum airflow required for safe heater operation. Refer to
table below for the available airflows. Each select pin is
configured for a certain airflow. The airflow will be supplied
in the Heating mode on air conditioners when electric heat is
the primary heating source. The preset factory default selection is the highest airflow.
2. AC/HP SIZE (BLU) - The preset factory default selection for
AC/HP SIZE (air conditioner/heat pump) is set to 400
cfm/ton. The selection pins are configured for 350 cfm/ton and
400 cfm/ton.
INDOOR AIRFLOW AND AIRFLOW ADJUSTMENTS
NOTE: For cooling operation, the recommended airflow is 350 to
450 cfm for each 12,000 Btuh of rated cooling capacity.
3. TYPE (ORN) - The TYPE is a preset factory default selection.
The preset factory default setting is AC for the 50HX units.
Default setting should not be altered.
Table 8 shows cooling airflows at various external static pressures.
Table 9 shows Fan Only and Cooling modes for ECM units
(048-060). Refer to these tables to determine the airflow for the
system being installed.
NOTE: Be sure that all supply- and return-air grilles are open,
free from obstructions, and adjusted properly.
4. AC/HP CFM ADJUST (BLK) - The preset factory default
selection is MED. Selections HI and LO will adjust the airflow
supplied for all operational modes (see table below). The
selection options allow installer to adjust airflow to meet such
individual needs as noise and static compensation, etc.
5. AC/HP TIME DELAY (GRY) - Four motor operation delay
options are provided to customize system operation. See
listing below:
Disconnect electrical power to the unit and install lockout tag
before changing blower speed. Electrical shock can cause
serious injury or death.
Unit Controls— All compressors have the following internalprotection controls.
Airflow can be changed by changing the lead connections of the
blower motor.
1. High-Pressure Relief Valve - This valve opens when the
pressure differential between the low and high side becomes
excessive.
Unit 50HX three-speed motors (024–042) are factory wired for
low speed operation.
2. Compressor Overload - This overload interrupts power to the
compressor when either the current or internal temperature
become excessive, and automatically resets when the internal
temperature drops to a safe level.
This overload may require up to 60 minutes (or longer) to
reset; therefore, if the internal overload is suspected of being
open, disconnect the electrical power to the unit and check the
circuit through the overload with an ohmmeter or continuity
tester.
FOR 208/230V-PSC BLOWER MOTOR
For color coding on the 208/230V motor leads, see Table 4.
Table 4—Color Coding for 208/230–v Motor Leads
3-SPEED
black = high speed
blue = medium speed
red = low speed
COOLING SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
To change the speed of the indoor fan motor (IFM), remove the fan
motor speed leg lead from the indoor fan relay (IFR) and replace
with lead for desired blower motor speed. Insulate the removed
lead to avoid contact with chassis parts.
PSC Blower Motor Units (024–042)
To configure the 50HX 048-60 unit, move the 5 Easy Select board
wires to the terminals which control the airflow. Refer to the Easy
Select interface board (Fig. 29) located next to the terminal.
Perform the following steps for basic system configuration.
NOTE: With the FAN switch in the ON position, 24-v is supplied
to the IFR through the G terminal on the thermostat. This voltage
energizes the coil of the contactor, closing the normally-open set of
contacts which provide continuous power to the indoor (evaporator) fan motor (IFM). Moving the FAN switch back to the AUTO.
position, providing there is not a call for cooling, deenergizes the
IFR, opens the IFR contacts, and deenergizes the IFM. The FAN
switch in AUTO. position cycles upon a call for cooling.
1. AUX HEAT RANGE (VIO) NOTE: If no heater is installed,
this step can be omitted. The airflow for electric heat is
selected with the AUX HEAT RANGE terminals. Refer to
Table 2 and the installation instructions for electric heaters for
On a call for cooling, 24 v is supplied to the compressor contactor
(C) and IFR simultaneously through the Y and G terminals of the
thermostat, respectively. On units with a compressor time delay
relay, there is a built-in, 5-minute (± 45 seconds) delay between
FOR 208/230V-ECM BLOWER MOTOR
23
Table 5—Terminal Configuration
TERMINAL
Available
Airflow (CFM)
1
2
3
4
1365
1470
1680
1840
Y1
1
P2
1
BRN
AC
BLK
LO
3
4
AC/HP SIZE
2
3
4
TYPE
HPC
HP
JW3
IFO
W2
O
Y/Y2
JW 4
SEC-1
JW 5
SEC-2
R1
GRY
1
AC/HP CFM ADJUST
MED
HI
AC/HP TIME DELAY
2
3
4
R3
D3
D1
F1
D2
RED
JW1
L
R2
JW2
D4
P1
1
W3
W2
E
/W1
G
Y1
Y
/Y2
O
C
R
L
D5
5
BLU
2
G
5 AMP FUSE
AUX HEAT
RANGE
VIO
1
C95024
Fig. 29—Easy Select Interface Board for Units 048-060 with ECM Blower Motor
Table 6—CFM Adjust (Percent of CFM)
MODE
LO-Adjust
HI-Adjust
FAN ONLY
–15
COOLING
–10
HEATING
–10
15
10
10
Table 7—ECM Board Pin Selection
OPTION
30-Sec On/60-Sec Off Delay
Profile (Terminal 1)
No Delay Option
(Terminal 2)
30-Sec Off Delay
(Terminal 3)
45-Sec Off Delay
(Terminal 4)
DESCRIPTION
Used when it is desirable to allow system coils time to heat
up or cool down prior to airflow
Used for servicing or when other components are used to
perform the delay function
Preset factory setting for 50HX units
Enhances system efficiency
compressor starts. Energizing the contactor closes the normallyopen set of contacts supplying power to both the compressor and
outdoor (condenser) fan motor (OFM). Energizing the IFR closes
the normally-open set of contacts providing power to the IFM. On
the loss of the call for cooling, 24 v is removed from both the Y
and G terminals of the thermostat (providing the FAN switch is in
the AUTO. position), deenergizing both the contactor and IFR and
opening both the contacts supplying power to compressor/OFM
and IFM.
ECM Blower Motor Units (048–060)
thermostat. This voltage provides continuous power to the indoor
(evaporator) fan motor (IFM). If the fan switch is moved back to
the AUTO position and there is not a call for heating or cooling,
24-v is removed from the ’’G’’ terminal and the indoor fan
remains energized for the delay timing. When the fan switch is in
AUTO, the fan cycles with either the call for heating or cooling.
Cooling- On a call for cooling, 24 v is supplied to the compressor
contactor (C) and IFM simultaneously through the ’’Y’’ and ’’G’’
terminals of the thermostat. Energizing the contactor closes the
normally open set of contacts supplying power to both the
compressor and outdoor (condenser) fan motor (OFM). On the loss
of the call for cooling, 24 v is removed from the ’’Y’’ and ’’G’’
Indoor Fan - With the fan switch in the ON position, 24-v is
supplied to the ECM motor through the ’’G’’ terminal on the
24
MAINTENANCE
To ensure continuing high performance, and to minimize the
possibility of premature equipment failure, periodic maintenance
must be performed on this equipment. This cooling unit should be
inspected at least once each year by a qualified service person. To
troubleshoot cooling of units, refer to tables at the back of the
book.
terminals of the thermostat, deenergizing the compressor and
OFM. The indoor fan remains energized for the delay timing.
NOTE: Once the compressor has started and then stopped, it
cannot be restarted again until 5 minutes have elapsed.
HEATING SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
PSC Blower Motor Units (024–042)
NOTE TO EQUIPMENT OWNER: Consult your local dealer
about the availability of a maintenance contract.
Heat Pump Heating - On a call for heat, thermostat makes circuits
R-Y and R-G. When compressor time delay (5 +/- 2 minutes) is
completed, a circuit is made to C, starting COMP and OFM.
Circuit R-G also energizes IFR and starts IFM after 1-sec. delay.
The ability to properly perform maintenance on this equipment requires certain expertise, mechanical skills, tools, and
equipment. If you do not possess these, do not attempt to
perform any maintenance on this equipment other than those
procedures recommended in the User’s Manual. FAILURE
TO HEED THIS WARNING COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY AND POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO
THIS EQUIPMENT.
Should room temperature continue to fall, circuit R-W is made
through second-stage thermostat bulb. If optional electric heat
package is used, a relay is energized, bringing on first bank of
supplemental electric heat. When thermostat is satisfied, contacts
open, deenergizing contactor and relay; motors and heaters deenergize. The IFM may be controlled by a time-delay relay that will
extend IFM operation for a matter of sec.
Defrost Mode - Defrost board (DB) is a time and temperature
control, which includes a field-selectable time period between
checks for defrost (30, 50 or 90 minutes). Electronic timer and
defrost cycle start only when contactor is energized and defrost
thermostat (DFT) is closed.
Failure to follow these warnings could result in serious
personal injury:
1. Turn off electrical power to the unit and install lockout tag
before performing any maintenance or service on the unit.
2. Use extreme caution when removing panels and parts. As
with any mechanical equipment, personal injury can result
from sharp edges, etc.
3. Never place anything combustible either on, or in contact
with, the unit.
Defrost mode is identical to Cooling mode, except outdoor-fan
motor stops and a bank of optional electric heat turns on to warm
air supplying the conditioned space.
Auxiliary Heating - If accessory electric heaters are installed, on
a call for heat, circuit R-W is made through the thermostat
contacts. Circuit R-G is made which energizes the IFR. If the
heaters are staged, then the thermostat closes a second set of
contacts W2 when second stage is required. When thermostat is
satisfied, contacts open, deenergizing the heater relay and the IFR.
Errors made when reconnecting wires may cause improper
and dangerous operation. Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing.
ECM Blower Motor Units (048–060)
Heat Pump Heating - On a call for heat, thermostat makes circuits
R-Y and R-G. When compressor time delay (5 +/- 2 minutes) is
completed, a circuit is made to C, starting COMP and OFM.
Circuit R-G also energizes IFR and starts IFM after 1-sec. delay.
The minimum maintenance requirements for this equipment are as
follows:
1. Inspect air filter(s) each month. Clean or replace when
necessary.
Should room temperature continue to fall, circuit R-W is made
through second-stage thermostat bulb. If optional electric heat
package is used, a relay is energized, bringing on first bank of
supplemental electric heat. At this time, the airflow (CFM) will be
either the AUX HEAT RANGE (VIO) setting or the AC/HP SIZE
(BLU) setting, whichever is greater. This may be a noticeable
change in airflow. When thermostat is satisfied, contacts open,
deenergizing contactor and relay; motors and heaters deenergize.
The IFM has a time delay relay that keeps the fan on for 30-sec.
2. Inspect indoor coil, drain pan, and condensate drain at least
each cooling season for cleanliness. Clean when necessary.
3. Inspect blower motor and wheel for cleanliness and check
lubrication each heating and cooling season. Clean when
necessary.
4. Check electrical connections for tightness and controls for
proper operation each heating and cooling season. Service
when necessary.
Defrost Mode - Defrost board (DB) is a time and temperature
control, which includes a field-selectable time period between
checks for defrost (30, 50 or 90 minutes). Electronic timer and
defrost cycle start only when contactor is energized and defrost
thermostat (DFT) is closed.
5. Ensure electric wires are not in contact with refrigerant tubing
or sharp metal edges.
AIR FILTER
Defrost mode is identical to Cooling mode, except outdoor-fan
motor stops and a bank of optional electric heat turns on to warm
air supplying the conditioned space.
Never operate the unit without a suitable air filter in the
return-air duct system. Always replace the filter with the same
size as originally installed. See Table 1 for recommended
filter sizes.
Auxiliary Heating - If accessory electric heaters are installed, on
a call for heat, circuits R-W and R-G are made through the
thermostat contacts, energizing the heater relay and IFM. If the
heaters are staged, then the thermostat closes the second set of
contacts, W2, when the second stage is required. When the
thermostat is satisfied, contacts open, deenergizing the heater relay
and the IFM.
Inspect air filter(s) at least once each month and replace
(throwaway-type) or clean (cleanable-type) at least twice during
each heating and cooling season or whenever the filter(s) becomes
clogged with dust and lint.
25
Table 8—Dry Coil Air Delivery (Deduct 10 percent for 208v)*
Horizontal and Downflow Discharge
Unit 50HX024-042
Unit
Motor
Speed
Low
024 & 030
Med
High
Low
036
Med
High
Low
042
Med
High
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
Watts
Cfm
0.0
280
820
365
1025
—
—
520
1375
575
1520
—
—
490
1400
590
1600
—
—
0.1
275
810
360
1010
—
—
495
1335
560
1490
—
—
480
1380
580
1560
—
—
230 AND 460 VOLT
External Static Pressure (in. wg)
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
265
255
250
245
240
755
700
660
600
560
350
345
340
330
320
975
940
900
850
800
490
480
470
460
445
1300
1255
1200
1150
1080
474
458
445
425
—
1290
1240
1200
1140
—
535
510
480
460
440
1450
1400
1380
1300
1200
—
—
650
614
575
—
—
1560
1500
1380
470
460
450
430
410
1340
1300
1250
1200
1140
560
545
525
505
480
1540
1470
1430
1360
1300
—
—
—
700
670
—
—
—
1780
1670
0.7
—
—
310
720
430
1005
—
—
425
1080
540
1280
390
1070
450
1220
640
1600
0.8
—
—
300
630
410
915
—
—
—
—
510
1170
—
—
420
1120
600
1480
0.9
—
—
—
—
390
790
—
—
—
—
480
1060
—
—
—
—
560
1340
1.0
—
—
—
—
380
620
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
500
1100
* Air delivery values are based on operating voltage of 230-v dry coil, without filter or electric heater. Deduct wet coil, filter and electric heater pressure drops to obtain
static pressure available for ducting.
NOTES:
1. Do not operate the unit at a cooling airflow that is less than 350 cfm for each 12,000 Btuh of rated cooling capacity. Indoor coil frosting may occur at airflows below
this point.
2. Dashes indicate portions of table that are beyond the blower motor capacity or are not recommended.
Table 9—048 & 060 ECM Airflow (CFM)
UNIT 50HX
048
060
FAN ONLY
(CFM)
1400
1750
COOLING
(CFM)
1600
2000
Lubricate the motor every 5 years if the motor is used intermittently (thermostat FAN switch in AUTO. position), or every 2
years if the motor is used continuously (thermostat FAN switch in
ON position).
UNIT TOP REMOVAL
NOTE: When performing maintenance or service procedures that
require removal of the unit top, be sure to perform all of the routine
maintenance procedures that require top removal, including coil
inspection and cleaning, and condensate drain pan inspection and
cleaning.
Only qualified service personnel should perform maintenance and
service procedures that require unit top removal. Refer to the
following top removal procedures:
Disconnect and tag electrical power to the unit before
cleaning the blower motor and wheel. Failure to adhere to this
warning could cause personal injury or death.
1. Remove 7 screws on unit top cover surface. (Save all screws.)
To clean the blower motor and wheel:
2. Remove 4 screws on unit top cover flange. (Save all screws.)
1. Remove and disassemble blower assembly as follows:
3. Lift top from unit carefully. Set top on edge and make sure
that top is supported by unit side that is opposite duct (or
plenum) side.
a. Remove unit access panel.
b. For PSC Blower Motors Disconnect motor lead from
indoor fan relay (IFR). Disconnect yellow lead from
terminal L2 of the contactor.
4. Carefully replace and secure unit top to unit, using screws
removed in Steps 1 and 2, when maintenance and/or service
procedures are completed.
INDOOR BLOWER AND MOTOR
c. On all units remove blower assembly from unit. Remove
screws securing blower and slide assembly out. Be careful
not to tear insulation in blower compartment.
NOTE: Motors without oilers are prelubricated. Do not attempt to
lubricate these motors.
d. Ensure proper reassembly by marking blower wheel and
motor in relation to blower housing before disassembly.
For longer life, operating economy, and continuing efficiency,
clean accumulated dirt and grease from the blower wheel and
motor annually.
e. Loosen setscrew(s) that secures wheel to motor shaft,
remove screws that secure motor mount brackets to housing, and slide motor and motor mount out of housing.
26
Table 10—Wet Coil Pressure Drop
AIRFLOW
(CFM)
600
700
800
900
900
1000
1200
1000
1200
1400
1600
1000
1200
1400
1600
1400
1550
1600
1800
1700
1900
2100
2300
UNIT SIZE
024
030
036
042
048
060
PRESSURE DROP
(IN. WG)
0.039
0.058
0.075
0.088
0.088
0.095
0.123
0.068
0.088
0.108
0.123
0.048
0.069
0.088
0.102
0.068
0.073
0.075
0.088
0.082
0.095
0.108
0.123
Table 11—Accessory Electric Heater Pressure Drop (in. wg)
HEATER
KW
5–20
600
0.030
800
0.033
1000
0.037
CFM
1400
0.047
1200
0.042
1600
0.052
1800
0.060
2000
0.067
2200
0.075
Table 12—Filter Pressure Drop (in. wg)
UNIT SIZE
024–036
042–060
FILTER
SIZE
500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300
(IN.)
24 x 24 x 1 — — 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 —
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
24 x 30 x 1 — —
—
—
—
—
—
—
0.08 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.17 0.18
a. Thoroughly clean all accumulations of dirt or grease from
motor housing.
d. Remove caked-on dirt from wheel and housing with a
brush. Remove lint and/or dirt accumulations from wheel
and housing with vacuum cleaner, using soft brush attachment. Remove grease and oil with mild solvent.
b. Remove dust caps or plugs from oil ports located at each
end of motor.
e. Reassemble wheel and cut-off plate into housing.
2. Lubricate motor as follows:
f. Reassemble motor into housing. Be sure setscrews are
tightened on motor shaft flats and not on round part of shaft.
c. Use a good grade of SAE 20 non-detergent motor oil and
put one teaspoon (1.16 oz. or 16 to 25 drops) in each oil
port.
g. Reinstall unit access panel.
4. Restore electrical power to unit. Start unit and check for
proper blower rotation and motor speeds during heating and
cooling cycles.
d. Allow time for oil to be absorbed by each bearing, then
wipe excess oil from motor housing.
e. Replace dust caps or plugs in oil ports.
OUTDOOR COIL, INDOOR COIL, AND CONDENSATE
DRAIN PAN
3. Remove and clean blower wheel as follows:
a. Ensure proper reassembly by marking wheel orientation.
Inspect the outdoor coil, indoor coil, and condensate drain pan at
least once each year. See Unit Top Removal section.
b. Remove screws holding cut-off plate, and remove plate
from housing.
The coils are easily cleaned when dry; therefore, inspect and clean
the coils either before or after each cooling season. Remove all
obstructions, including weeds and shrubs, that interfere with the
airflow through the outdoor coil.
c. Lift wheel from housing. When handling and/or cleaning
blower wheel, be sure not to disturb balance weights (clips)
on blower wheel vanes.
27
Table 13A—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 024–311
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
800
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
—
—
24.0
27.4
30.8
31.1
31.5
30.5
29.5
29.2
28.9
70
—
—
19.5
24.4
29.3
29.9
30.4
29.5
28.6
28.2
27.8
75
—
—
15.0
21.4
27.8
28.6
29.4
28.5
27.7
27.2
26.7
80
—
—
7.5
14.4
21.4
24.5
27.6
27.1
26.5
26.1
25.6
85
—
—
—
7.5
15.0
20.4
25.8
25.6
25.4
24.9
24.5
90
—
—
—
—
7.5
14.0
20.4
22.3
24.2
23.8
23.4
95
—
—
—
—
—
7.5
15.0
19.0
23.1
22.7
22.3
100
—
—
—
—
—
—
7.5
13.5
19.5
20.3
21.1
105
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
110
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
12.4
15.7
18.9
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8.9
13.3
17.8
SPH
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
Table 13B—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 024–321
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
750
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
38.0
37.3
37.4
37.5
38.3
37.7
36.8
35.9
35.0
34.3
33.5
70
33.3
32.3
33.2
33.9
36.9
36.0
35.2
34.4
33.4
32.5
31.8
75
24.6
25.6
24.1
25.0
33.3
34.8
33.8
32.6
31.8
31.0
30.2
80
16.4
17.6
21.4
16.8
23.2
31.8
32.2
31.3
30.4
29.5
28.6
85
—
—
9.4
8.6
14.7
21.6
29.4
29.8
28.9
27.8
27.0
90
—
—
—
—
—
11.6
18.9
26.4
27.3
26.4
25.5
95
—
—
—
—
—
3.7
10.8
18.0
24.1
25.0
24.1
100
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8.0
16.3
22.1
22.6
105
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
7.2
14.8
20.1
110
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.2
13.8
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.1
SPH
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
Table 13C—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 030
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
1000
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
5.5
5.5
5.5
12.5
19.6
26.6
26.9
27.2
27.5
26.5
25.4
70
—
—
—
10.5
17.5
24.5
24.8
25.1
25.4
25.1
24.8
75
—
—
—
8.4
15.5
22.5
22.8
23.1
23.4
23.8
24.2
80
—
—
—
6.8
12.9
18.9
20.3
21.5
22.9
23.0
23.0
85
—
—
—
5.1
10.2
15.4
17.7
20.1
22.3
22.1
21.8
—
—
—
—
7.9
11.9
15.2
18.5
21.8
21.5
21.2
95
—
—
—
—
5.6
8.4
12.7
17.0
21.2
20.8
20.6
100
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.2
14.1
191
19.5
19.9
105
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.7
11.4
17.1
18.2
19.3
110
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.0
10.0
15.1
16.9
18.6
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8.7
13.0
15.5
18.0
90
SPH
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
Rinse coils with clear water, using a garden hose. Be careful not to
splash water on motors, insulation, wiring, or air filter(s). For best
results, spray outdoor coil fins from inside to outside the unit. On
Straighten bent fins with a fin comb. If coated with dirt or lint,
clean the coils with a vacuum cleaner, using the soft brush
attachment. Be careful not to bend the fins. If coated with oil or
grease, clean the coils with a mild detergent-and-water solution.
28
Table 13D—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 036
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
1150
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
28.6
28.6
30.4
32.1
33.3
34.3
33.4
32.0
30.7
29.8
28.9
70
23.8
23.8
25.5
27.2
29.5
32.3
32.0
30.9
29.7
28.6
27.6
75
19.0
19.1
20.6
22.2
25.7
30.4
30.6
29.7
28.7
27.5
26.3
80
15.0
15.0
15.8
16.5
21.1
26.5
27.7
27.8
27.8
26.6
25.3
85
10.9
10.9
10.9
10.9
16.6
22.6
24.8
25.9
26.9
25.6
24.3
7.7
7.7
7.0
8.3
12.6
19.1
21.5
23.4
25.3
24.4
23.6
90
SPH
95
—
—
—
—
8.6
14.5
16.5
20.9
23.6
23.3
22.9
100
—
—
—
—
—
11.3
14.3
17.4
20.4
21.1
21.8
105
—
—
—
—
—
7.1
10.5
13.9
17.2
19.0
20.8
110
—
—
—
—
—
—
7.1
11.7
16.4
18.2
19.9
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.6
15.5
17.3
19.1
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
Table 13E—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 042
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
1400
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
13.5
13.5
13.5
17.1
20.7
24.3
25.7
27.1
28.5
27.8
27.0
70
11.4
11.4
11.5
15.1
18.7
22.3
23.6
25.1
26.4
26.1
25.8
75
9.4
9.4
9.4
13.0
16.5
20.1
21.6
23.0
24.4
24.5
24.6
80
8.9
8.9
8.9
12.4
16.0
19.4
21.0
22.4
23.8
24.0
24.0
85
8.2
8.2
8.2
11.8
15.3
18.7
20.2
21.8
23.3
23.4
23.4
7.7
7.7
7.7
10.8
13.7
16.7
18.7
20.7
22.7
22.7
22.9
95
7.2
7.2
7.2
9.7
12.2
14.6
17.2
19.7
22.2
22.3
22.3
100
6.6
6.6
6.6
9.6
12.6
15.5
17.6
19.7
21.6
21.7
21.7
105
6.1
6.1
6.1
9.6
13.1
16.5
18.0
19.5
21.1
21.1
21.2
110
—
—
—
7.0
9.9
13.0
15.0
17.1
19.1
19.8
20.6
115
—
—
—
—
6.9
9.4
11.9
14.5
17.0
18.5
20.0
90
SPH
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
Table 13F—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 048–301
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
1600
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
26.3
27.0
27.6
28.6
29.6
30.5
30.9
31.3
31.7
31.2
30.7
70
24.0
23.8
23.6
25.0
26.4
27.8
28.4
29.0
29.7
29.6
29.5
75
19.7
19.7
19.7
21.4
23.2
25.0
25.9
26.8
27.6
27.9
28.2
80
15.8
15.8
15.8
17.6
19.4
21.2
22.7
24.1
25.6
26.2
26.9
85
12.0
12.0
12.0
13.8
15.6
17.5
19.5
21.5
23.5
24.5
25.6
7.5
7.5
7.5
9.4
11.3
13.2
16.3
19.3
22.4
23.3
24.2
90
SPH
95
—
—
—
5.0
7.0
9.0
13.1
17.1
21.2
22.0
22.8
100
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.4
14.3
19.1
20.3
21.4
105
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.7
11.4
17.1
18.6
20.1
110
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.0
13.5
15.8
18.0
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
6.7
10.0
13.0
16.0
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
foreign matter from the pan. Flush the pan and drain tube with
clear water. Do not splash water on the insulation, motor, wiring,
or air filter(s). If the drain tube is restricted, clear it with a
“plumbers snake” or similar probe device. Ensure that the auxiliary
drain port above the drain tube is also clear
units with an outer and inner (2 row) outdoor coil, be sure to clean
between the coils. Be sure to flush all dirt and debris from the unit
base.
Inspect the drain pan and condensate drain line when inspecting
the coils. Clean the drain pan and condensate drain by removing all
29
Table 13G—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 048–311
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
1550
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
39.4
39.4
40.4
40.6
40.6
40.8
41.0
40.8
40.7
40.2
39.9
70
35.3
35.8
36.8
37.6
37.7
37.8
38.4
38.2
38.4
38.0
37.6
75
31.7
31.4
32.6
34.0
34.5
35.1
35.3
35.5
35.6
35.8
35.5
80
28.1
28.0
28.8
29.8
30.9
31.6
32.8
32.9
32.7
33.0
33.4
85
24.7
24.0
24.6
26.1
27.5
28.3
29.9
30.3
30.5
30.2
30.7
21.2
20.8
19.3
21.0
23.4
25.0
26.6
27.4
27.9
28.1
28.0
95
16.5
16.1
16.3
16.5
18.8
21.2
22.7
23.9
25.4
25.7
25.9
100
12.4
7.5
5.6
11.5
14.9
16.8
19.1
21.4
22.0
23.3
23.5
105
—
—
—
—
9.7
12.7
15.2
18.3
19.5
20.2
21.1
110
—
—
—
—
—
7.7
11.2
13.7
16.7
17.8
18.5
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
7.3.
10.2
11.8
14.3
90
SPH
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
Table 13H—Superheat Charging Table, Unit 060
EVAP AIR – CFM
TEMP (F)
AIR ENT
COND
1800
EVAP AIR – Ewb (F)
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
76
65
21.0
21.0
21.0
22.8
24.7
26.5
27.8
29.1
30.4
29.5
28.6
70
16.5
16.5
16.5
18.8
21.1
23.5
25.2
27.0
28.8
28.2
27.6
75
12.0
12.0
12.0
14.8
17.6
20.4
22.7
24.9
27.2
26.9
26.6
80
10.5
10.5
10.5
12.7
14.9
17.1
19.8
22.5
25.2
25.4
25.5
85
9.0
9.0
9.0
10.6
12.3
13.9
17.0
20.0
23.1
23.8
24.5
90
4.5
4.5
4.5
6.5
8.5
10.5
14.3
18.1
21.9
22.7
23.5
95
—
—
—
—
4.8
7.2
11.7
16.2
20.7
21.6
22.5
100
—
—
—
—
—
3.6
8.6
13.6
18.6
20.0
21.4
105
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.5
11.1
16.6
18.5
20.4
110
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
10.0
15.5
17.5
19.4
115
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.2
14.7
16.5
18.5
SPH
Ewb-Entering Wet Bulb
SPH-Superheat at Compressor (F)
– -Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions as refrigerant slugging may occur.
OUTDOOR FAN
Remove the control/blower and compressor compartment access
panels to locate all the electrical controls and wiring. Check all
electrical connections for tightness. Tighten all screw connections.
If any smoky or burned connections are noticed, disassemble the
connection, clean all the parts, restrip the wire end and reassemble
the connection properly and securely.
After inspecting the electrical controls and wiring, replace the
access panel. Start the unit, and observe at least one complete
heating cycle and one complete cooling cycle to ensure proper
operation. If discrepancies are observed in either or both operating
cycles, or if a suspected malfunction has occurred, check each
electrical component with the proper electrical instrumentation.
Refer to the unit wiring label when making these checkouts.
NOTE: Refer to the heating and/or cooling sequence of operation
in this publication as an aid in determining proper control
operation
REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT
Inspect all refrigerant tubing connections and the unit base for oil
accumulations annually. Detecting oil generally indicates a refrigerant leak.
Keep the outdoor fan free from all obstructions to ensure
proper cooling operation. Never place articles on top of the
unit. Damage to unit may result.
1. Remove 2 screws at bottom of outdoor air intake grille and
remove plastic grille.
2. Inspect the fan blades for cracks or bends.
3. If fan needs to be removed, loosen the setscrew and slide the
fan off the motor shaft.
4. When replacing fan blade, position blade so that the leading
edge is 2-in. back from outdoor inlet grille or 1/2-in. maximum fro fan deck (See Fig. 25).
5. Ensure that setscrew engages the flat area on the motor shaft
when tightening
6. Replace grille.
ELECTRICAL CONTROLS AND WIRING
Inspect and check the electrical controls and wiring annually. Be
sure to turn off the electrical power to the unit and install lockout
tag.
30
Required Suction Tube Temperature
SUPERHEAT
TEMP (F)
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
61.5
35
37
39
41
43
45
47
49
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
64.2
37
39
41
43
45
47
49
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
77
SUCTION
67.1
39
41
43
45
47
49
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
77
79
PRESSURE AT SERVICE PORT (Psig)
70
73
76
79.2
41
43
45
47
43
45
47
49
45
47
49
51
47
49
51
53
49
51
53
55
51
53
55
57
53
55
57
59
55
57
59
61
57
59
61
63
59
61
63
65
61
63
65
67
63
65
67
69
65
67
69
71
67
69
71
73
69
71
73
75
71
73
75
77
73
75
77
79
75
77
79
81
77
79
81
83
79
81
83
85
81
83
85
87
82.4
49
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
77
79
81
83
85
87
89
85.7
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
77
79
81
83
85
87
89
91
NOTE: Measure suction tube temperature with accurate superheat thermometer or thermistor-type thermometer
C95030
Fig. 30—Required Suction Tube Temperature (F) *
METERING DEVICE — ACUTROL DEVICE
This unit uses metering devices that are of the fixed orifice type
(located in the header to the indoor and outdoor coils).
System under pressure. Relieve pressure and recover all
refrigerant before system repair or final unit disposal to avoid
personal injury or death. Use all service ports and open all
flow-control devices, including solenoid valves.
LIQUID LINE STRAINER
The liquid line strainer (to protect metering device) is made of wire
mesh and located in the liquid line on the inlet side of the metering
device.
If oil is detected or if low cooling performance is suspected,
leak-test all refrigerant tubing using an electronic leak-detector,
halide torch, or liquid-soap solution. If a refrigerant leak is
detected, refer to Check for Refrigerant Leaks section.
TROUBLESHOOTING
If no refrigerant leaks are found and low cooling performance is
suspected, refer to Checking and Adjusting Refrigerant Charge
section.
Use the Troubleshooting–Cooling & Heating guide (see Table 13)
if problems occur with these units.
INDOOR AIRFLOW
START-UP CHECKLIST
The heating and/or cooling air-flow does not require checking
unless improper performance is suspected. If a problem exists, be
sure that all supply- and return-air grilles are open and free from
obstructions, and that the air filter is clean. When necessary, refer
to Indoor Airflow and Airflow Adjustments section to check the
system airflow.
Use the Start-Up checklist to ensure proper start-up procedures are
followed.
31
OUTDOOR COIL
INDOOR COIL
ACCUMULATOR
B
A
STRAINER
COMPRESSOR
LCS
D
Check Valves
STRAINER
A
Closed
B
Open
C
Closed
D
Open
C
LEGEND
LCS
Loss of Charge Switch
Acutrol
Metering Device
Check Valve (Arrow indicates direction of flow)
COOLING CYCLE
1. Hot gas from compressor flows through the 4-way valve and is
directed to the heating liquid line check valve. It is then condensed and subcooled through converging circuits. Refrigerant leaves
the outdoor coil by way of the strainer and the check valve in the
cooling liquid line.
2. The refrigerant then feeds the indoor coil through the Acutrol
metering device on each circuit.
3. Each circuit evaporates the refrigerant and the circuits are combined in the indoor coil header with some of the circuits flowing
through the check valve.
4. The refrigerant then flows through the 4-way valve, accumulator,
and back to the compressor.
C95044
Fig. 31—Typical Heat Pump Operation-Cooling Mode
32
OUTDOOR COIL
INDOOR COIL
ACCUMULATOR
B
A
STRAINER
COMPRESSOR
LCS
D
Check Valves
STRAINER
A
Open
B
Closed
C
Open
D
Closed
C
LEGEND
LCS
Loss of Charge Switch
Acutrol
Metering Device
Check Valve (Arrow indicates direction of flow)
HEATING CYCLE
1. Hot gas from compressor flows through the 4-way valve and is
directed to the cooling liquid line check valve. It is then condensed
and directed through subcooling circuits and out to the strainer
and the check valve in the heating liquid line.
2. The refrigerant then feeds the outdoor coil through the Acutrol
metering device on each circuit.
3. Each circuit evaporates the refrigerant and the circuits are combined in the outdoor header with some of the circuits flowing through
the check valve.
4. The refrigerant then flows through the 4-way valve, accumulator,
and back to the compressor.
C95045
Fig. 32—Typical Heat Pump Operation-Heating Mode
33
Table 14—Troubleshooting Chart
SYMPTOM
Compressor and outdoor fan
will not start
Compressor will not start but condenser fan
runs
Compressor cycles (other than normally
satisfying thermostat)
CAUSE
Call power company
Fuse blown or circuit breaker tripped
Replace fuse or reset circuit breaker
Defective thermostat, contactor, transformer,
control relay, defrost board, or high pressure or lossof-charge/low pressure switch
Replace component
Insufficient line voltage
Determine cause and correct
Incorrect or faulty wiring
Check wiring diagram and rewire correctly
Thermostat setting too high
Lower thermostat setting below room
temperature
Faulty wiring or loose connections in compressor
circuit
Check wiring and repair or replace
Compressor motor burned out, seized, or
internal overload open
Determine cause.
Replace compressor
Defective run capacitor, overload, or PTC
(positive temperature coefficient) thermistor
Determine cause and replace
Low input voltage (20 percent low)
Determine cause and correct
Refrigerant overcharge or undercharge
Recover refrigerant, evacuate system, and
recharge to capacities shown on nameplate
Defective compressor
Replace and determine cause
Insufficient line voltage
Determine cause and correct
Blocked outdoor coil
Determine cause and correct
Defective run/start capacitor, overload or start
relay
Determine cause and replace
Defective thermostat
Replace thermostat
Faulty outdoor-fan motor or capacitor
Replace
Damaged reversing valve
Determine cause and correct
Restriction in refrigerant system
Locate restriction and remove
Dirty air filter
Replace filter
Unit undersized for load
Decrease load or increase unit size
Thermostat set too low
Reset thermostat
Low refrigerant charge
Locate leak, repair, and recharge
Frosted coil with incorrect defrost operation
Check defrost time settings
Reset as necessary
Check defrost temperature switch
Replace as necessary
Air in system
Recover refrigerant, evacuate system,
and recharge
Outdoor coil dirty or restricted
Clean coil or remove restriction
Compressor operates continuously
Excessive head pressure
REMEDY
Power Failure
Dirty air filter
Replace filter
Dirty indoor or outdoor coil
Clean coil
Refrigerant overcharged
Recover excess refrigerant
Air in system
Recover refrigerant, evacuate system,
and recharge
(Heat) Indoor air restricted or recirculating
Determine cause and correct
Indoor or outdoor air restricted or air short-cycling
Determine cause and correct
(Continued next page)
34
Table 14—Troubleshooting Chart (Cont’d)
SYMPTOM
Head pressure too low
Excessive suction pressure
Suction pressure too low
Compressor runs but
outdoor fan does not
IFM does not run
IFM operation is intermittent
IFM (048–060) runs when
it should be off
CAUSE
REMEDY
Low refrigerant charge
Check for leaks, repair and recharge
Restriction in liquid tube
Remove restriction
(Heat) Outdoor coil frosted
Move timer on control board to 30 minutes
between defrost cycles
(Cool) High Heat load
Check for source and eliminate
Reversing valve hung up or leaking internally
Replace valve
Refrigerant overcharged
Recover excess refrigerant
(Cool) Dirty air filter
Replace filter
(Heat) Outdoor coil frosted
Move timer on control board to 30 minutes
between defrost cycles
Low refrigerant charge
Check for leaks, repair and recharge
Metering device or low side restricted
Remove source of restriction
(Cool) Insufficient coil airflow
Increase air quantity
Check filter–replace if necessary
(Cool) Temperature too low in conditioned area
Reset thermostat
(Cool) Outdoor ambient below 40°F
Install low-ambient kit
Filter-drier restricted
Replace
NC (normally closed) contacts on defrost board
open
Check condition of relay on board
Replace if necessary
Blower wheel not secured to shaft
Properly tighten blower wheel to shaft
Insufficient voltage at motor
Determine cause and correct
Power connectors not properly sealed
Connectors should snap easily; do not force
Water dripping into motor
Verify proper drip loops in connector wires
Connectors not firmly sealed
Gently pull wires individually to be sure they are
crimped into the housing
Motor programmed with a delay profile
Allow a few minutes for motor to shut off
With thermostat in “off” mode, the voltage on
G, Y1, Y2, W with respect to common, should be
1/2 of actual low voltage supply
If measured voltage is more that 1/2, the thermostat
is incompatible with motor. If voltage is less than
1/2, the motor has failed
IFM–Indoor Fan Motor
35
START-UP CHECKLIST
(REMOVE AND STORE IN JOB FILE)
I. PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
Model No .............................................................................................................................................................
Serial No ..............................................................................................................................................................
Date .....................................................................................................................................................................
Technician ...........................................................................................................................................................
Job/ Location...............................................................................................................................................
II. PRE-START-UP
____ Verify that all packing materials have been removed from unit
____ Verify that condensate connection is installed per installation instructions
____ Check all electrical connections and terminals for tightness
____ Check that indoor (evaporator) air filter is clean and in place
____ Verify that unit installation is level
____ Check fan wheel propeller for location in housing and setscrew tightness
III. START-UP
Supply Voltage: C-S __________ S-R __________ R-C __________
Compressor Amps: C __________ S __________ R __________
Indoor (Evaporator) Fan Amps: __________
TEMPERATURE
Outdoor (Condenser) Air Temperature: __________ DB
Return-Air Temperature: __________ DB __________ WB
Cooling Supply Air: __________ DB __________ WB
PRESSURES
Refrigerant Suction __________ psig
Suction Line Temp*__________
Refrigerant Discharge __________ psig
Discharge Temp† __________
____ Verify Refrigerant charge using charging tables
* Measured at suction inlet to compressor
† Measured at liquid line leaving outdoor coil
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 6
PC 101
Catalog No. 535–00101
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 50HX-5SI
Pg 3 6 7–03
Replaces: 50HX-4SI
Tab 6 8