EPOX Pentium 4 Processor based AGP 4X mainboard User`s manual

User’s
Manual
Intel i865PE mainboard
for Intel Socket 478 processor
TRADEMARK
All products and company names are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
6000002PDA330
Manual Revision 3.0
April 09, 2004
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES WHICH EXTEND BEYOND THE
DESCRIPTION ON THE FACE OF THE MANUFACTURER LIMITED
WARRANTY. THE MANUFACTURER EXPRESSLY EXCLUDES ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, REGARDING ITS
PRODUCTS; INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR
NONINFRINGEMENT. THIS DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES SHALL
APPLY TO THE EXTENT ALLOWED UNDER LOCAL LAWS IN THE
COUNTRY PURCHASED IN WHICH LOCAL LAWS DO NOT ALLOW
OR LIMIT THE EXCLUSION OF THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES.
ii
80 Port Frequently Asked Questions
Below is a list of some basic POST Codes, possible problems, and solutions. For
more detailed information about POST Codes, refer to Appendix E in this manual.
P O ST C O D E
P r o bl e m
So l uti o n
FFh o r CFh
1 .B IO S c hip inse rte d
1 . Re inse rt the B IO S
inc o rre c tly
c hip
2 . Inc o rre c t BIO S update
ve rsio n
3 . M ainbo ard pro ble m
4 . Add-o n c ard inse rte d
inc o rre c tly.
2 . D o wnlo ad the c o rre c t
BIO S ve rsio n update
fro m the m anufac ture r's
We b site .
3 . Re plac e m ainbo ard
4 . Re m o ve and re plac e the
add-o n c ard
C1 h - C5 h
1 . M e m o ry m o dule
inse rte d inc o rre c tly
1 . Re inse rt m e m o ry
m o dule
2 . M e m o ry c o m patibility
2 . Re plac e m e m o ry
pro ble m
3 . M e m o ry m o dule
with c o rre c t type
3 . Re plac e m e m o ry
dam age d
2Dh
m o dule
1 . Erro r o c c ure d in VG A
BIO S
2 . Re inse rt the VG A
2 . VG A c ard inse rte d
inc o rre c tly
26h
1 . Re plac e VG A c ard
O ve rc lo c k e rro r
c ard
Cle ar CM O S o r pre ss the inse rt
ke y to po we r o n the syste m
07h - 12h
1 . Initial
Init keKeyboard
ybo ard
c o ntro lle r e rro r
1 . Ensure that the ke ybo ard and
2 . RTC e rro r
c o rre c tly.
2 . Re plac e the RTC batte ry.
m o use are c o nne c te d
iii
Table of Contents
Section 1
Page
Introduction
Package Contents ...................................................... 1- 1
Mainboard Features ................................................... 1- 2
System Block Diagram ............................................... 1- 5
Section 2
Specification
Mainboard Specification ............................................ 2- 1
Section 3
Installation
Mainboard Layout ..................................................... 3- 2
Easy Installation Procedure ....................................... 3- 3
CPU Insertion ............................................................. 3- 3
Jumper Settings .......................................................... 3- 5
System Memory Configuration .................................. 3- 6
Expansion Slots .......................................................... 3- 9
Device Connectors..................................................... 3- 11
Power-On/Off (Remote) .............................................. 3- 18
External Modem Ring-in Power ON and
Keyboard Power ON Function (KBPO) ..................... 3- 18
ACPI S3 (Suspend To RAM) Function ...................... 3- 19
Section 4
BIOS Setup
Main Menu ................................................................ 4- 1
Standard CMOS Setup ............................................... 4- 2
Advanced BIOS Features .......................................... 4- 3
Advanced Chipset Features ...................................... 4- 6
Integrated Peripherals ................................................ 4- 8
Power Management Setup ......................................... 4- 13
PNP/PCI Configuration Setup .................................... 4- 16
PC Health Status ........................................................ 4- 18
Power BIOS Features ................................................. 4- 20
iv
Defaults Menu ........................................................... 4- 23
Supervisor/User Password Setting ............................ 4- 24
Exit Selecting .............................................................. 4- 25
Section 5
Driver Installation
Easy Driver Installation .............................................. 5- 1
Realtek Sound Manager Quick User guide ................ 5- 2
Appendix
Appendix A
Realtek Media Player User’s Guide ............................ A-1
Appendix B
Update Your System BIOS ......................................... B- 1
Appendix C
EEPROM BIOS Remover ........................................... C- 1
Appendix D
GHOST 7 Quick User’s Guide (Optional) ................... D- 1
Appendix E
POST Codes ............................................................... E- 1
v
Page Left Blank
vi
Introduction
Section 1
INTRODUCTION
1-1 Package Contents
Contents
Optional Items
A. Mainboard
I. Extra USB2.0 port cable
B. User’s manual
J. S/PDIF Module
C. Floppy drive cable
If you need the optional item, please
contact your dealer for assistance.
D. HDD drive cable
E. CD (drivers and utilities)
F. I/O Shield
G. Game port cable
H. S-ATA data and power cable
E
USER’S
MANUAL
C
G
D
F
B
A
H
I
J
Page 1-1
Introduction
1-2 Mainboard Features
Brief Introduction
2
Intel ® Pentium® 4 processors
The Pentium 4 processor is designed to deliver performance across applications
and usages where end-users can truly appreciate and experience the
performance. The Pentium 4 processor delivers this world-class performance for
consumer enthusiasts and business professional desktop PC users as well as for
entry-level workstation users.
Intel adds support for Hyper-Threading Technology to the Pentium 4 processor
family. HT Technology allows a single, physical Pentium 4 processor to function
as two logical processor for next generation multi threaded application.
For more information about all the new features the Pentium 4 delivers, check out the
Intel website at http://www.intel.com
2
Chipset
This board is designed with Intel® 865PE (Springdale-PE) chipset. The Intel®
865PE chipset consists of the Memory Controller Hub (MCH) and the I/O
Controller Hub (ICH5).
2
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
The AGP slot on the board is compliant with the new AGP 3.0 specification. This
new specification enhances the functionality of the original AGP specification
by allowing 8X data transfers ( 8 data samples per clock) resulting in maximum
bandwidth of 2.1GB/s. Only 1.5V AGP cards are supported.
2
Ultra ATA100
The mainboard provides an Ultra ATA100 Bus Master IDE controller. This
controller supports Ultra ATA100 protocols which are ideal to support demanding
applications such as real-time video, multimedia, and a high performance operating
system. A new IDE cable is required for Ultra ATA100.
2
Hardware Monitoring
Hardware monitoring enables you to monitor various aspects of the system
operation and status. This includes CPU temperature, voltage and fan speed in
RPMs.
Page 1-2
Introduction
2
10/100 LAN
This mainboard is mounted with an ethernet LAN PHY. It allows the mainboard to
connect to a local area network by means of a network hub.
2
GbE LAN (For High-end model only)
This mainboard is optionally mounted with a Gigabit ethernet LAN chipset. The
new Gigabit Ethernet LAN allows data transmission at 1,000 megabits per second
(Mbps), which runs 10 times faster than conventional 10/100BASE-T Ethernet
LANs.
2
Serial ATA
Support Serial ATA, an evolutionary replacement for Parallel ATA IDE storage
interface .Increases the peak data transfer speed up to 150MB/sec and allows
future enhancements to the computing platform.
2
USB2.0
A popular USB standard for plugging in peripherals with up to 480Mbps transfer
speed while maintaining backward compatibility with older USB1.1 device.
2
6ch
Delivers 6 channel audio to bring you the latest in audio realism from DVD
movies and games. Perfect for your home theatre system.
Page 1-3
Introduction
Special Features
&
80 Port
An onboard LED-display trouble-shooting device, facilitating user to detect
boot-up problems.
&
QuickSPDIF
On board SPDIF-out connector for quick connection to multi-channel speakers.
Not only removes cable cluttering but also delivers loss-free digital audio to let
you enjoy DVD movies and games with crystal clear sound.
&
Magic Health
Reports your system hardware status for every boot-up to help detect faults
early. Monitor hardware status including CPU temperature, CPU/Memory/AGP
voltage, fan RPM speed for chassis fan, CPU fan & Power supply fan.
&
EZ-Boot
Simply press “ESC” to select your bootable device. No more hassle to search the
BIOS menu, change and re-start.
&
PowerBIOS
Supporting a full range of overclocking setting via BIOS. Various adjustable
feature include FSB/AGP/Memory voltage tweaking.
Page 1-4
Introduction
1-3 System Block Diagram
Figure 5: System Block Diagram
Page 1-5
Introduction
Page 1-6
Features
Section 2
FEATURES
Mainboard Features
Processor
®
®
®
Š Socket 478 Intel Pentium 4 and Celeron processors up to 3.4+ GHz
Š Supports the following System Bus and Memory combination:
FSB400 / DDR266 (PC2100)
FSB533 / DDR266 and DDR333 (PC2100/PC2700)
FSB800 / DDR333 and DDR400 (PC2700/PC3200)
* When configured to FSB800/DDR333, adaptive synchronization aligns to the
closest FSB to memory clock ratio, setting memory channel to 320MHz.
Š Supports Hyper-Threading Technology
To enable the Hyper-Threading Technology function on your computer
system requires ALL of the following platform components:
)CPU:
)Chipset:
)BIOS:
)OS:
®
®
An Intel Pentium 4 Processor with HT Technology.
®
An Intel Chipset that supports HT Technology.
A BIOS that supports HT Technology and has it enabled.
An operating system that supports HT Technology.
Performance will vary depending on the specific hardware and software
you use. See <http://www.intel.com/info/hyperthreading> for information
including details on which processor support HT Technology.
Chipset
Š Intel 865PE Chipset (865PE + ICH5)
Main Memory
Š Four 184-pin DDR DIMM sockets for PC2100/PC2700/PC3200 (DDR266/
333/400) DIMMs
Š Supports 128-bit dual channel memory architecture
Š Supports up to 4GB memory size
Page 2-1
Features
BIOS
Š Flash EEPROM with Award BIOS
- ACPI v2.0 compliant
- S3 (Suspend to DRAM) sleep-state support
- SMBIOS (System Management BIOS) v2.2 compliant
- Supports Power failure recovery
- Able to wake the computer from specific states by LAN, Power switch,
PME#, RTC alarm, USB, PS2 K/B, PS2 Mouse, Modem Ring-in COM#1…
Onboard PCI Devices
Š LAN -->
Integrates 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet controller with onboard
Realtek RTL8100C LAN Chipset, or
Integrates 1Gbps Fast Ethernet controller with onboard
Marvell 88E8001 LAN Chipset (for high-end model only)
Legacy IO Controller
Š Winbond W83627HF LPC IO controller with keyboard, mouse, floppy,
printer, game, serial and IR interface
Š Supports Hardware Monitoring function
Audio
Š Six channel audio with analog and digital output using Realtek ALC655
AC’97 CODEC
- AC’97 v2.3 compliant
- Supports CD-In, Aux-In and S/PDIF-in/out interface
- Supports Line-out and Mic-In for front panel
- Supports automatic “jack-sensing”
- Rear panel audio jacks configuration:
Page 2-2
Audio Jack Color
2 ch an n el
6 ch an n el
Light Blue
Line-in
Rear stereo-out
Lime
Line-out
Front stereo-out
Pink
Mic-in
Center&Subwoofer
Features
Peripheral Interfaces
) At Rear Panel
Š PS/2 keyboard and mouse ports
Š One Parallel (printer) port
Š One S/PDIF-Out Coaxial jack
Š One S/PDIF-Out Optical (Optional)
Š One Serial port
Š One RJ45 LAN connector
Š Four USB2.0 ports
Š Three Audio jacks
) Onboard connector and pin-header
Š One floppy drive connector
Š Two IDE connectors supporting ATA-100
Š Four extra USB2.0 ports
Š One CD-IN and One AUX-IN connector
Š One Front Panel Audio connector
Š One S/PDIF-in/out connector
Š One IR connector
Š One Game port connector
Š One COM2 connector
Š Two S-ATA connectors
Š Three Fan connectors
Front Panel Controller
Š Supports Reset & Soft-Off switches
Š Supports HDD & Power LEDs
Š Supports PC speaker
Expansion Slots
Š One AGP slot supporting 1.5v 4X/8X AGP card
- AGP v3.0 compliant
Page 2-3
Features
Š Five PCI slots with Bus Master support
- PCI v2.2 compliant
Other BIOS Features
Š Magic Health – A quick “dashboard” display at POST to show hardware
status. Helps to detect faults early.
Š EZ Boot – An easy way let end-user can choose to boot from hard drive,
CD-ROM, floppy, …
Š KBPO – Keyboard power on, turn on the computer from keyboard
Š PowerBIOS for excellent Overclocking capabilities through
- subtle voltage tuning for CPU, Memory, AGP
- subtle frequency tuning on FSB with 1MHz increment
- Supports complete Asynchronous FSB/Memory and Asynchronous FSB/
AGP, PCI scheme for overclocking
Š P80P for system debugging
Form Factor
Š 305mm x 225 mm ATX size
Page 2-4
Installation
Section 3
INSTALLATION
Page 3-1
Installation
Mainboard Layout
Page 3-2
Installation
Easy Installation Procedure
The following must be completed before powering on your new system:
3-1.
CPU Installation
3-2.
Jumper Settings
3-3.
System Memory Configuration
3-4.
Expansion Slots
3-5.
Device Connectors
3-1 CPU Installation
<Figure 2>
<Figure 1>
Pin 1
Step 1
Step 2
Open the socket by raising the actuation
lever.
Align pin 1 on the CPU with pin 1 on
the CPU socket as shown in the
illustration above. The CPU is keyed to
prevent incorrect insertion. Don’t force
the processor into the socket. If it does
not go in easily, check for mis-orientation and reinsert the CPU.
Make sure the processor is fully
inserted into the socket.
Page 3-3
Installation
<Figure 3>
<Figure 4>
Step 3
Step 4
Close the socket by lowering and
locking the actuation lever.
Apply thermal compound to the top of
the CPU and install the heatsink as
shown.
<Figure 5>
<Figure 6>
Step 5
Step 6
Install the cooling fan assembly. Press
the two clips in the direction of the
arrows shown in Figure 5 to secure the
assembly to the CPU socket.
Plug the CPU fan power into the
mainboard’s CPU fan connector.
The installation is complete.
NOTES:
•
Installing with incorrect CPU fan and heatsink assemblies may damage
the Intel Pentium® CPU. Use Intel’s design thermal solution shown in the
illustrations above: an active heatsink; an extruded aluminum heatsink
base; and a fan attached to the top of the fin array.
•
Apply heatsink thermal compound or paste to the CPU to avoid CPU
overheating and damage.
•
In accordance with Intel guidelines specifications, do not install a CPU
over 50 times to avoid bending the pins and damaging the CPU.
Page 3-4
Installation
3-2 Jumper Settings
JCMOS: Clear CMOS data Jumper
If the CMOS data becomes corrupted or you
forgot the supervisor or user password,
clear the CMOS data to reconfigure the
system back to the default values stored in
the ROM BIOS.
1
Settings:
1-2: Normal (Default)
2-3: Clear CMOS
To CMOS Clear data, please follow the steps below.
1. Turn off the system.
2. Change the jumper from “1-2” to “2-3” position
for a few seconds.
3. Replace the jumper on to the “1-2” position.
4. Turn on the system and hold down the <Del>
key to enter BIOS setup.
Page 3-5
Installation
3-3 System Memory Configuration
The mainboard accommodates four PC2100/PC2700/PC3200 184-pin DIMMs (Dual Inline Memory Modules):
•
Supports up to 4.0GB of 266/333/400MHz DDR SDRAM.
•
Supports two 64-bit wide DDR data channels.
•
Available bandwidth up to 3.2GB/s (DDR400) for single-channel mode and
6.4GB/s (DDR400) in dual-channel mode.
•
Registered DIMMs not supported.
•
Supports 128-Mb, 256-Mb, 512Mb DDR technologies.
•
Supports only x8, x16, DDR devices with four banks.
•
SPD (Serial Presence Detect) scheme for DIMM detection support.
•
Supports configurations defined in the JEDEC DDR1 DIMM specification
only.
Memory configurations :
• When FSB is 400MHz, DDR266 is supported.
• When FSB is 533MHz, DDR266 and DDR333 are supported.
• When FSB is 800MHz, DDR333 and DDR400 are supported. (With DDR333,
adaptive synchronization aligns to the closest FSB to memory clock ratio, setting the
memory channel to 320MHz).
• The four DIMM sockets are divided into two Dual Channel pairs according to
the color <Figure 7>. Each dual channel pair has the same color, e.g. DIMM1
and DIMM3. <Figure 8> shows the logical memory layout. We recommend
you to use DIMM sockets of the same color to obtain the best memory
performance. It is preferable to use DRAM DIMM of the same type and size.
• Using non-compliant memory with higher bus speeds (overclocking) may
severely compromise the integrity of the system.
Page 3-6
Installation
DDR-A1 DIMM 1
DDR-A2 DIMM 2
Channel A
Dual Channel 1
Dual Channel 2
Channel B
DDR-B2 DIMM 4
<Figure 7>
<Figure 8>
- For one DIMM memory configuration, the DIMM can be located on any of
DIMM#1 to DIMM#4 in 64-bit mode.
- For two DIMMs memory configuration, it is recommended to mount the
DIMMs on slots of the same color to enable 128-bit mode.
- For three DIMMs memory configuration, the DIMMs can be located on all
DIMM sockets in 64-bit mode.
- For four DIMMs memory configuration, the DIMMs can be located on all
DIMM sockets in 128-bit mode.
This is summarized in <Table 1> below.
1 DIMM
(64- bit)
DIMM#1
DIMM#2
DIMM#3
DIMM#4
2 DIMM
(128- bit)
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
3 DIMM
(64- bit)
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
4 DIMM
(128- bit)
SS/DS
SS/DS
SS/DS
* SS: Single-Sided DIMM, DS: Double-Sided DIMM
<Table 1>
Page 3-7
Installation
DIMM Module Installation
Figure 9 displays the notch on the DDR DIMM memory module.
DIMMs have 184 pins and one notch that matches with the DDR DIMM socket.
DIMM modules are installed by placing the chip firmly into the socket and
pressing straight down as shown in figure 10 until the white clips close and the
module fits tightly into the DIMM socket (figure 11).
CENTER KEY ZONE
(2.5 V DRAM)
Figure 9 - DIMM notch
Figure 10 - DIMM module clips before installation
Figure 11 - DIMM module clip after installation
To remove the DIMM module press down the white clips and the module will be
ejected from the socket.
Page 3-8
Installation
3-4 Expansion Slots
AGP Slot
The mainboard is equipped with an AGP
slot. Make sure you install a card that
supports the 1.5V specification.
AGP Slot
PCI Slots
The mainboard is equipped with 5 PCI
slots.
PCI Slots
Installing an Expansion Card
The steps below assume that the mainboard is already installed in the system chassis.
1.
Make sure the PC and all other peripheral devices connected to its has been
powered down.
2.
Disconnect all power cords and cables.
3.
Remove the system unit cover.
4.
Remove the bracket of the slot that you intend to use. (You need to remove the
screw in order to remove the bracket.)
5.
Align the card above the slot then press it down firmly until it is completely
seated in the slot.
6.
Secure the card to the chassis with the screw you removed in step 4.
7.
Replace the system unit cover.
8.
Power on the PC.
9.
Enter the BIOS step program to make the necessary settings.
10. Save the settings and restart the PC.
11. Install the software drivers of the expansion cards, if necessary.
Page 3-9
Installation
AGP Card Installation Caution
1. AGP card component is blocked
by DIMM socket lock.
2. AGP slot clicker is not locked.
3. AGP card edge connector is not
inserted properly.
1. AGP card component is not
blocked by DIMM socket lock.
2. AGP slot clicker is locked.
3. AGP card edge connector is
inserted properly.
1. AGP slot clicker is not locked.
2. AGP card edge connector is not
inserted properly.
1. AGP slot clicker is locked.
2. AGP card edge connector is
inserted properly.
Page 3-10
Installation
3-5 Device Connectors
The I/O back panel for this mainboard is shown below. When installing the
mainboard into the computer case, use the bundled I/O shield to protect this back
panel.
RJ45
LAN
Parallel Port
PS/2
Mouse
Line-in/Rear out (Light Blue)
Line-out/Front out (Lime)
PS/2
Keyboard
Mic-in/Center&Subwoofer (Pink)
S/PDIF-out
Coaxial Jack
S/PDIF-out COM1
Optical
(Optional)
USB2.0 x 4 ports
Figure 12 - I/O Ports
JPWR_FAN JCPU_FAN
JCPU_FAN / JPWR_FAN / JSYS_FAN:
CPU/Power/Chassis Fan Power Connectors
JCPU_FAN: The CPU must be kept cool by using a
heatsink with fan assembly.
JPWR_FAN: If you are installing an additional fan
in the unit, connect to this fan
connector.
JSYS_FAN
JSYS_FAN: The chassis fan will provide adequate
airflow throughout the chassis to
prevent overheating the CPU.
JCPU_FAN
Ground Sense
+12V
JPWR_FAN
Ground Sense
+12V
JSYS_FAN
Sense
+12V
Ground
The system is capable of monitoring the fan speed in
RPM (Revolutions Per Minute). Refer to the PC
Health Status submenu of the BIOS for the current
speed of the CPU fan , power fan and chassis fan.
Page 3-11
Installation
FDD:
Floppy Controller Connector
This mainboard connects floppy disk drive.
IDE1
IDE2
FDD
34
33
40
IDE1/IDE2:Ultra DMA-66/100 Primary/Secondary
IDE Connector
This mainboard is equipped with 2 IDE connectors
to support up to 4 ATA-100 IDE drives.
It supports PIO and DMA mode operations for
maximum data transfer rate of 100MB/sec per channel.
When using two IDE drives, one must be set to
39
Master mode and the other to Slave mode. Refer to
your disk drive user’s manual for information about
selecting the proper drive switch settings.
1
2
FDD
2
1
IDE1/IDE2
PW1:
20-pin ATX Power Connector
PW12: 4-pin ATX12V Power Connector
The mainboard is equipped with a standard 20-pin
ATX main power connector and a 4-pin +12V
power connector for connecting an ATX12V
power supply. The plugs of the power cables are
designed to fit in only one orientation. Insert the
plugs into the connectors until they fit in place.
PW12
PW1
Caution:
The PW1 and PW12 Power Connector must be used simultaneously
or else this system will not boot-up.
10 20
+12V
+5V
5VSB
3
+12V
Ground
Ground
Ground
+5V
PS-ON
Ground
3.3V
Ground
-12V
4
+12V
Ground
+5V
PW-OK
Ground
+5V
1 2
PW12
-5V
Ground
Ground
3.3V
3.3V
1 11
PW1
Page 3-12
The board requires a minimum of 250 Watt power
supply to operate. Your system configuration (amount
of memory, add-in cards, peripherals, etc.) may
exceed this minimum power requirement. To ensure
that adequate power, use a 300 Watt or greater power
supply.
Installation
CFPA: Front Panel Audio Connector
When the jumpers are removed this connector can
be used for front panel audio. The front panel
phone jack should have “normal close” switch.
Without phone plug inserted, the rear panel audio is
enabled. With phone plug inserted, the rear panel
audio will be disabled.
MIC_In
1
2
GND
+5V
NC
Front Line-out-R
Rear Line-out-FR
Key
Rear Line-out-FL
Front Line-out-L
9
10
Settings:
Pins (5-6) & (9-10) Short (default): Only the onboard rear
panel audio jack can be used.
Pins (5-6) & (9-10) Open: Only front panel audio jack can
be used.
In 2-Channel audio mode, Mic-In is shared for both front panel and rear panel.
In 6-Channel audio mode, the Mic-In is dedicated for front panel use, and rear
panel Mic-In function will switch to Center and Subwoofer support.
CD-IN/AUX-IN: CD Audio_IN Connector
The CD-IN and AUX-IN connectors are used to
receive audio form a CD-ROM drive, TV tuner or
MPEG card.
CD-IN
AUX-IN
CD_IN_Right
CD-IN
AUX-IN
AUX_IN_Right
CD_Reference
1
CD_IN_Left
GND
1
AUX_IN_Left
Page 3-13
Installation
SPDIF: Sony/Philips Digital InterFace connector
This connector is the digital link between the
mainboard and your audio devices, such as CD
player, sampler or DAT recorder. It allows the
digital transmission of audio data in S/PDIF format.
SPDIF_IN VCC
5
1
6
2
NC
GND SPDIF_OUT
GAME: Game/MIDI connector
This port works well with any application that is
compatible with the standard PC joystick.
1
2
COM2: Serial Port Connector
The serial port can be used with modems, serial
printers, remote display terminals, and other serial
device.
RTS RI
DSR CTS NC
2
1
10
9
DCD TXD Ground
RXD DTR
Page 3-14
Installation
SATA1 / SATA2: Two Serial ATA Connectors
These connectors enable you to connect two Serial
ATA devices that conform to the Serial ATA
specification.
1
GND B+ BA- A+ GND
GND
SATA1
SATA2
LED1: 80 Port Debug LED
Provides two-digit POST code to show why the
system fail to boot. Allows quick and easy
optimization.
80 Port Debug 7-segment LED display
(Refer to Appendix E for POST codes)
Page 3-15
Installation
CUSB3/CUSB4: USB 2.0 ports
USB2.0 allows data transfer speed up to 480Mbps.
This mainboard includes 4 additional USB2.0 ports,
identified by two 10-pin connector.
If you wish to use the additional USB ports, install
the card-edge bracket to the system chassis then
insert its cables to this 10-pin connector.
1
2
VCC
CUSB4 CUSB3
VCC
Data0-
Data1-
Data0+
Data1+
GND
GND
Key
NC
9
10
CAUTION !
Please make sure the USB cable has the same
pin assignment. A different pin assignment
may cause damage to the system.
If you need the USB cable, please contact our
retailer.
Page 3-16
Installation
CFP: Front Panel Connector
Š HD_LED
This LED will light up whenever the hard drive
is being accessed.
Š PWR_LED
This connects to the power button of the
system chassis
CFP
CIR
Š RST
This switch allows you to reboot without
having to power off the system thus prolonging
the life of the power supply or system.
Š PW_ON
This is connected to the power button on the
case. To use the Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
feature, refer to the Power Management Setup
in the BIOS setup section of this manual.
CIR: IR connector
Connect the IrDA cable (if available) to this IR
connector.
CSPK
CSPK: Speaker
Connect to the case speaker.
Page 3-17
Installation
3-6 Power-On/Off (Remote)
This board has a 20-pin ATX and a 4-pin ATX12V power supply connector to support
power supplies with Remote On/Off feature. The chassis power button should be
connected to the mainboard front panel PW_ON header (Figure 15).
You can turn off the system in two ways: by pressing the front panel power On/Off
button or using the "Soft Off" function that can be controlled by an operating
system such as Windows®XP/ME/2000/98.
Note:
For maintaining the DDR SDRAM power during STR (ACPI S3) function, it is strongly
recommended to use power supplies that have a +5VSB current of (>=) 2A. Please check the
5VSB’s specification printed on the power supply’s outer case.
Note:
The board requires a minimum of 250 Watt power supply to operate. Your system configuration (amount of memory, add-in cards, peripherals, etc.) may exceed this minimum power
requirement. To ensure that adequate power, use a 300 Watt (or higher) power supply.
12V 4-pin
20-pin
PW-ON
Case (chassis) Power
ON/OFF button (PW-ON)
Figure 15: Simple ATX power ON/OFF controller
3-7 External Modem Ring-in Power ON and
Keyboard Power ON Functions (KBPO)
Modem-Ring Power ON Function
The I/O chipset provides the two serial ports with the External Modem Ring-in Power ON
function. Once you connect an external modem to COM1 or COM2, the mainboard
enables you to turn on the system through remote and host dial-up control.
Keyboard Power ON Function
The mainboard features a keyboard power on function that enables you to turn on
the power supply using a keypress. Refer to the Power Management Setup in the
BIOS setup section for details. To enable this feature, the BIOS default setting is
Keyboard Hot Key (<Ctrl> + <F1>). To power off the system, use the Soft-OFF
function under Windows XP/ME/2000/98. (refer to Windows online help).
Page 3-18
Installation
3-7 ACPI S3 (Suspend To RAM) Function
This mainboard supports the STR (Suspend To RAM) power management
scheme by maintaining the appropriate power states in the DDR SDRAM
interface signals. The power source to the DDR SDRAM is kept active during
STR (ACPI S3). Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI) provides many
Energy Saving Features for operating systems that support Instant ON and
QuickStartTM function.
1. To enable STR functionality to save system power :
a. Install ACPI certified add-on cards (such as AGP, LAN, and modem cards).
b. In BIOS, under Power Management Setup (refer to Section 4), select “ACPI
Suspend Type: S3(STR)”. If you have a USB mouse or keyboard, set “USB
Wake-Up from S3” to “Enabled”.
c. Install Windows® XP/2000/ME/98SE.
d. Restart the system.
e. When in Windows, open the Control Panel Power Management application,
and click the Advanced tab. In the Power buttons section, select “Stand By”
from the drop-down lists.
2. To activate the STR function:
a. Click the START button and choose Shut Down.
b. In the Shut Down Windows dialog box, select the Stand By option to enter
STR mode.
The following are the differences between STR power saving mode and Suspend (Power On Suspend) mode:
a. STR is the most advanced Power Management mode.
b. STR cuts all the power supplied to peripherals except to memory - max. power
saving.
c. STR saves and keeps all on-screen data including any executed applications
to DDR SDRAM.
d. In STR mode, you must push the power button (connected to the onboard PWOn of CFP pin), click your USB mouse buttons, or press your USB keyboard
keys to wake up your system to the last display.
Page 3-19
Installation
Page 3-20
BIOS
Section 4
BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
The ROM BIOS contains a built-in Setup program which allows user to modify the
basic system configuration and hardware parameters. The modified data is stored in
a battery-backed CMOS, so that data will be retained even when the power is turned
off. In general, the information saved in the CMOS RAM will stay unchanged unless
there is a configuration change in the system, such as hard drive replacement or a
device is added.
It is possible for the CMOS battery to fail causing CMOS data loss. If this happens
you will need install a new CMOS battery and reconfigure your BIOS settings.
The BIOS setup screen and description are for reference only, and may
not exactly match what you see on your screen. The contents of BIOS are
subject to change without notice. Please visit our website for updates.
To enter the Setup Program :
Power on the computer and press the <Del> key during the POST (Power On Self
Test). The BIOS CMOS SETUP UTILITY opens. (Figure 1)
Figure 1: CMOS Setup Utility
Page 4-1
BIOS
The main menu displays all the major selection items. Select the item you need to
reconfigure. The selection is made by moving the cursor (press any direction (arrow
key ) to the item and pressing the ‘Enter’ key. An on-line help message is displayed
at the bottom of the screen as the cursor is moved to various items which provides a
better understanding of each function. When a selection is made, the menu of the
selected item will appear so that the user can modify associated configuration
parameters.
4-1 Standard CMOS Setup
Choose “STANDARD CMOS FEATURES” in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY Menu
(Figure 2). Standard CMOS Features Setup allows the user to configure system
settings such as the current date and time, type of hard disk drive installed, floppy
drive type, and display type. Memory size is auto-detected by the BIOS and
displayed for your reference. When a field is highlighted (use direction keys to move
the cursor and the <Enter> key to select), the entries in the field can be changed by
pressing the <PgDn> or the <PgUp> key.
Figure 2: Standard CMOS Setup
Notes:
• If the hard disk Primary Master/Slave and Secondary Master/Slave are set to Auto, the
hard disk size and model will be auto-detected.
• The “Halt On:” field is used to determine when the BIOS will halt the system if an
error occurs.
Page 4-2
BIOS
4-2 Advanced BIOS Features
Selecting the “ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES” option in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY
menu allows users to change system related parameters in the displayed menu. This
menu shows all of the manufacturer’s default values for the board.
Pressing the [F1] key displays a help message for the selected item.
Figure 3: BIOS Features Setup
CPU Feature
This field is available only for Pentium® CPU with Prescott core.
Hard Disk Boot Priority
This item allows you to select the hard disk boot priority.
CPU L1 & L2 Cache
This controls the status of the processor’s internal Level One and Level Two cache.
Options: Enables, Disabled.
Page 4-3
BIOS
CPU L3
This controls the status of the processor’s internal Level Three cache.
Options: Enables, Disabled.
Hyper-Threading Technology
Enables the CPU Hyper-Threading Technology.
Options: Enables, Disabled.
Note: It is recommend to enable Hyper-Threading Technology on system with
Windows XP and Linux 2.4 and disabling it for legacy OS.
First /Second/Third/Other Boot Device
The BIOS attempts to load the operating system from the devices in the sequence
selected in these items.
Options: Floppy, LS120, Hard Disk, CDROM, ZIP100, USB-FDD, USB-CDROM,
LAN, Disabled.
Boot Other Device
When enabled, the system searches all other possible locations for an operating
system if it fails to find one in the devices specified under the first, second, and third
boot devices.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
If this item is enabled, it checks the size of the floppy disk drives at start-up time.
You don’t need to enable this item unless you have a legacy diskette drive with
360K capacity.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up NumLock Status
This controls the state of the NumLock key when the system boots. The default is On.
On: The keypad acts as a 10-key pad.
Off: The keypad acts like cursor keys.
Security Option
This category allows you to limit access to the System and Setup, or just to Setup.
The default is Setup.
System: The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied unless the
correct password is entered at the prompt.
Setup:
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied unless the
correct password is entered at the prompt.
Page 4-4
BIOS
APIC Mode
This item allows you to enable APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller)
functionality. APIC is an Intel chip that provides symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)
for its Pentium systems.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
The S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) system is a
diagnostics technology that monitors and predicts device performance. S.M.A.R.T.
Software resides on both the disk drive and the host computer. If a device failure is
predicted, the host software, through the Client WORKS S.M.A.R.T applet, warns the
user of the impending condition and advises appropriate action to protect the data.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Full Screen LOGO Show
This item allows you determine Full Screen LOGO display during POST.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-5
BIOS
4-3 Advanced Chipset Features
Choose the “ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES” option in the CMOS SETUP
UTILITY menu to display following menu.
Figure 4: Chipset Features Setup
DRAM Timing Selectable
For setting DRAM Timing, select By SPD to follow Intel PC DDR SDRAM Serial
Presence Detect Specification.
Options: Manual, By SPD.
CAS Latency Time
This item specifies the number of clock cycles needed after a Column Address Strobe
(CAS) signal before data can be read. The default is by DRAM SPD.
Options: 2, 2.5, 3.
Active to Precharge Delay
This item specifies the number of clock cycles needed after a bank active command
before a precharge can occur (sets the minimum RAS pulse width.). The default is by
DRAM SPD.
Options: 5, 6, 7, 8.
Page 4-6
BIOS
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay
This item sets the timing parameters for the system memory such as the CAS (Column
Address Strobe) and RAS (Row Address Strobe). The default is by DRAM SPD.
Options: 2, 3, 4.
DRAM RAS# Precharge
This item refers to the number of cycles required to return data to its original
location to close the bank or the number of cycles required to page memory before
the next bank activate command can be issued. The default is by DRAM SPD.
Options: 2, 3, 4.
Aggressive Memory Mode (AMM)
Aggressive Memory Mode reduces delays within the chipset to improve DDR
DRAM usage efficiency.
Options: Max, Turbo, Expert, Standard.
Performance upgrade using AMM will largely depend on hardware
availability within the chipset.
CPU Bus Park
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
Intel Fast CS
Options: Auto, Disabled, Enabled.
Intel CPC Function
Options: Auto, Disabled, Enabled.
System BIOS Cacheable
This item allows the system BIOS to be cached in memory for faster execution.
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
Video BIOS Cacheable
This item allows the video BIOS to be cached in memory for faster execution.
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
This item defines the size of the aperture if you use an AGP graphics adapter. It
refers to a section of the PCI memory address range used for graphics memory.
Options: 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 MB.
Page 4-7
BIOS
Init Display First
This item is used to select whether to initialize the AGP or PCI first when the system
boots.
Options: PCI Slot, AGP.
4-4 Integrated Peripherals
or
Figure 5: Integrated Peripherals
RealTek Lan Boot ROM (or Marvell Lan Boot ROM)
Enable/disable the onboard LAN Boot ROM. The default is Disabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
OnChip IDE Device
Scroll to OnChip IDE Device and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Page 4-8
BIOS
IDE HDD Block Mode
IDE Block Mode allows the controller to access blocks of sectors rather than a
single sector at a time. The default is Enabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
IDE DMA transfer access
Automatic data transfer between system memory and IDE device with minimum CPU
intervention. This improves data throughput and frees CPU to perform other tasks.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
On-Chip Primary (Secondary) PCI IDE
The mainboard supports two channel of ordinary IDE interface. Select “Enabled”
to activate each channel separately.
Note: If you do not use the onboard IDE connector, then set the Onboard
Primary (Secondary) PCI IDE to “Disabled”.
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a PIO mode (0-4)
for each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface supports. Modes 0
to 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system
automatically determines the best mode for each device.
Options: Auto, Mode 0 ~ 4.
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
Select the mode of operation for the IDE drive. Ultra DMA-33/66/100 implementation
is possible only if your IDE hard drive supports it and the operating environment
includes a DMA driver. If your hard drive and your system software both support
Ultra DMA-33/66/100, select Auto to enable UDMA mode by BIOS.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
Page 4-9
BIOS
Onboard Device Setup
Scroll to Onboard Device Setup and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
USB Controller
Enables the USB controller.
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
USB 2.0 Controller
Enables the EHCI (USB2.0) controller.
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
USB Keyboard Support
Enable/Disable support for USB keyboard under DOS.
Options: Auto, Enabled, Disabled.
USB Mouse Support
Enable/Disable support for USB mouse under DOS.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
AC97 Audio
This item allows you disable the chipset on-chip AC97 Audio. The system default
is Auto.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
Game Port Address
Select an address for the Game port.
Options: 201, 209, Disabled.
Midi Port Address
Select an address for the Midi port.
Options: 290, 300, 330, Disabled.
Page 4-10
BIOS
Midi Port IRQ
Select an interrupt for the Midi port.
Options: 5, 10.
Onboard LAN Device (Optional)
Enables the onboard LAN feature.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
SuperIO Device
Scroll to SuperIO Device and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Onboard FDC Controller
Select “Enabled” if you wish to use onboard floppy disk controller (FDC). If you
install an external FDC or the system has no floppy drive, select “Disabled “in this
field.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onboard Serial Port 1/2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial ports.
Options: 3F8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, Disabled, Auto.
UART Mode Select
This field configures the 2nd serial port for IR application. Select the required IR
protocol or select “Normal” to disable IR mode.
Options: Normal, IrDA and ASKIR.
RxD, TxD Active
When the above UART Mode Select is in IR mode, this field configures the
receive and transmit signals generated from the IR port.
Options: Hi-Hi, Hi-Lo, Lo-Hi, and Lo-Lo.
Page 4-11
BIOS
IR Transmission delay
This item allows you to enabled/disable IR transmission delay.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
UR2 Duplex Mode
This item allows you to select IR half/full duplex function.
Options: Half, Full.
Use IR Pins
This item allows you to select IR transmission routes, one is RxD2, TxD2 (COM
Port) and the other is IR-Rx2Tx2.
Options: IR-Rx2Tx2; RxD2, TxD2.
Onboard Parallel Port
This field allows the user to configure the LPT port.
Options: 378/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5, 3BC/IRQ7, Disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
This field allows the user to select the parallel port mode.
Options: SPP, EPP, ECP, ECP+EPP.
EPP Mode Select
This field allows the user to select the EPP mode for parallel port mode.
Options: EPP1.9, EPP1.7.
ECP Mode USE DMA
This field allows the user to select DMA1 or DMA3 for the ECP mode.
Options: DMA1, DMA3.
Page 4-12
BIOS
4-5 Power Management Setup
Choose the “POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP” in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY to
display the following screen. This menu allows the user to modify the power
management parameters and IRQ signals. In general, these parameters should not be
changed unless it’s absolutely necessary.
Figure 6: Power Management
ACPI Suspend Type
This item allows you to select S1(Power-On-Suspend) or S3(Suspend-To-RAM)
function. When set to “S3(STR)” or “S1&S3” the following two fields become
available.
Options: S1(POS), S3(STR), S1&S3.
Run VGABIOS if S3 Resume
This determines whether or not to enable the system to run the VGA BIOS when
resuming from S3(STR) or S1&S3.
Options: Auto, Yes, No.
S3 KB Wake-up Function
This determines whether or not to enable keyboard/mouse activity to awaken the
system from S3(STR) or S1&S3.
Options: AnyKey or Mouse, By PowerOn Func., AnyKey, Mouse.
Page 4-13
BIOS
POWER ON Function
Enables computer power on by keyboard, mouse, or hotkey activity.
Password:
Requires you to enter a password when using the keyboard
to power on. Set the password in the next field “KB Power ON
Password.”
Hot KEY:
(default)
Enables you to use a hot key combination to power on the
computer. Set the hot key combination in the “Hot Key Power
ON” field.
AnyKEY:
Enables you to set any keyboard activity to power on the
computer.
BUTTON ONLY: Requires you to push the computer power button to power on
the system.
Keyboard 98:
Enables you to set the Windows 98 key to power on the system.
Keyboard Power ON Password
Press “Enter” to create a password that is required when you use the keyboard to
power on the system. You must set the POWER ON Function to “Password” to be
prompted for a password at power on.
Hot Key Power ON
Enables you to set a hot key combination to be used for powering on the system.
The default is Ctrl-F1.
Options: Ctrl+F1 ~ Ctrl+F12.
PWRON After PWR-Fail
This item enables your computer to automatically restart or return to its last operating status after power returns from a power failure.
Off:
The system stays off after a power failure.
Former-Sts:
The system returns to the state it was in just prior to the power
failure.
Power Management
Use this to select your Power Management selection. The default is User define.
Max. saving:
Maximum power savings. Inactivity period is 1 minute in each mode.
Min. saving:
Minimum power savings. Inactivity period is 1 hour in each mode.
User define:
Allows user to define PM Timers parameters to control power saving
mode.
Page 4-14
BIOS
Video Off Method
This option allows you to select how the video will be disabled by the power
management. The default is V/H Sync + Blank
V/H Sync + Blank:
System turns off vertical and horizontal synchronization ports
and writes blanks to the video buffer.
DPMS Support:
Select this option if your monitor supports the Display Power
Management Signaling (DPMS) standard of the Video
Electronics Standards Association (VESA). Use the software
supplied for your video subsystem to select video power
management values.
Blank Screen:
System only writes blanks to the video buffer.
Suspend Mode
Automatically, shuts off all devices except the CPU after a preset period of system
inactivity.
Options: Disabled, 1 , 2, 4 ,6, 8, 10, 20, 30, 40 min and 1 hour .
HDD Power Down
Powers down the hard disk drive after a preset period of system inactivity.
Options: Disabled, 1 ~ 15 Min.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
Use this to select your soft-off function. The default is Instant Off.
Instant Off:
Turns off the system instantly.
Delay 4 Second : Turns off the system after a 4 second delay. If momentary press
of button, the system will go into Suspend Mode. To wake the
system, press the power button again.
CPU THRM-Throttling
This item sets the percentage of time that the CPU is idled if CPU throttling is
initiated by excess heat. The default setting is 50%.
Options: 12.5%, 25.0%, 37.5%, 50.0%, 62.5%, 75.0%, 87.5%.
PowerOn by PCI Card
An input signal form PME on the PCI card awakens the system from soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-15
BIOS
Power On by Ring
When enabled, any modem activity awakens the system from soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Wake-Up From S3
This item allows a USB device to wake-up the system from S3 suspend state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Resume By Alarm
When set to Enable alarm resume, you can set the date (of month) and time (hh:mm:
ss), that will awaken a system which has been powered down.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
4-6 PNP/PCI Configuration
This page lets the user to modify the PCI IRQ signals when various PCI cards are
inserted.
WARNING: Conflicting IRQ’s may cause system unable to locate certain devices.
Figure 7: PNP/PCI Configuration Setup
Page 4-16
BIOS
Resources Controlled By
Determines what controls system PNP/PCI resources. The default is Auto (ESCD).
Manual: PNP Card’s resources are controlled manually. The “IRQ Resources” field
becomes available and you can set which IRQ-X and DMA-X are
assigned to PCI and onboard devices.
Auto:
BIOS assigns the interrupt resource automatically.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
This item is designed to overcome problems that may be caused by some nonstandard
VGA cards.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Interrupt requests are shared as shown below:
INT A
AGP Slot
INT B
INT C
INT D
AC97
V
Slot 1
V
Slot 2
INT H
V
Slot 5
V
Onboard LAN
V
V
V
Onboard USB3
V
USB 2.0
SM BUS
INT G
V
Slot 4
Onboard USB2
INT F
V
Slot 3
Onboard USB1
INT E
V
V
V
IMPORTANT!
When using PCI cards on shared IRQ slots, make sure its drivers support “Shared IRQ”,
or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. IRQ conflicts between the two PCI
groups will make the system unstable or cards inoperable.
Page 4-17
BIOS
4-7 PC Health Status
Figure 8: PC Health Status
Show PC Health in POST
When this function is enabled the PC Health information is displayed during the
POST (Power On Self Test).
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Current CPU Temperature
Displays the current CPU temperature.
Current System Temperature
Displays the current system temperature.
Current CPU/Chassis/Power FAN Speed
Displays the current speed of the CPU, chassis, and power fan speed in RPMs.
Vagp (V)
The voltage level of power supplied to AGP card.
Vcore (V)
The voltage level of the CPU(Vcore).
Vdimm(V)
The voltage level of the DRAM.
Page 4-18
BIOS
VBAT(V)
The voltage level of the battery.
+ 5V, + 12V, 5VSB(V)
The voltage level of the switching power supply.
ACPI Shutdown Temperature
This is the temperature that the computer will turn off the power to combat the
effects of an overheating system. (requires ACPI to be enabled in Power Management BIOS and ACPI compliant operating system.) The default is Disabled.
Options available are 60oC/140oF to 95oC/203oF in increments of 5oC.
Page 4-19
BIOS
4-8 Power BIOS Features
This page lets you adjust various parameters to obtain improved performance for
overclocking.
Warning:
Overclocking requires expert knowledge and risks permanent damage to
system components. We recommend you leave these parameters at their
default values for proper operation.
[ 12X ]
66
33
Figure 9: Frequency/Voltage Control
Watching-Dog Function
If you select “Enabled” and overclock fail before POST code 26h, the system will
reset automatically by default configuration.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
CPU CLOCK/SPEED
Enables you to increment the CPU’s clock generator at 1MHz step. This works
together with CPU Clock Ratio (below) to set the CPU operating frequency.
CPU Clock Generator x CPU Clock Ratio = CPU Frequency
For example, if you have a processor that is rated at 2.4GHz and the clock generator
is 200MHz, then 200MHz x 12 = 2.4GHz
Press <Enter> to display the following screen:
Page 4-20
BIOS
Key in the DEC (decimal) number for the CPU CLOCK/SPEED.
Note: Overclocking failure will cause no display on monitor. At this instant,
press <Insert> key to revert back to the initial or default setting to boot
up your system.
Memory Frequency
Enables you to select a ratio of the DDR DRAM to match the installed DRAM
frequency 266/333/400MHz. We recommend that you leave this item at the default
value. Options available depend on system FSB.
CPU Clock
C P U FS B
100MHz
400MHz
3:4 => DDR266
DDR frequency options
133MHz
533MHz
1:1 => DDR266
4:5 => DDR333
Auto => DDR333 (by SPD)
200MHz
800MHz
1:1 => DDR400
5:4 => DDR320
Auto => DDR400 (by SPD)
CPU Clock Ratio
Use this item to select a multiplier to set the CPU frequency. See CPU CLOCK/
SPEED item above for explanation.
Key in the DEC (decimal) number for the CPU Clock Ratio.
AGP/PCI Clock
Enables you lock the AGP/PCI clock to the host bus or manually tune its clock.
Options: Always 66/33MHz, By subtle tuning.
Page 4-21
BIOS
AGP/PCI subtle tuning
Enables you to subtle tune the AGP/PCI frequency at increments of 1MHz step. The
default is 66 MHz. Press <Enter> to display the following screen:
Key in the DEC (decimal) number for the AGP/PCI subtle tuning.
In the following items, “Default Voltage” indicates the original factory
value, and “New Voltage” indicates the value that you assign.
CPU Vcore Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the CPU Vcore voltage.
Options: -0.100V to +0.2875V in 0.0125V increments. We recommend that you leave
this at the default value.
AGP Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the AGP slot voltage.
Options: +0.00V to +0.40V in 0.10V increments. We recommend that you leave this at
the default value.
DIMM Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the DIMM slot voltage. .
Options: +0.00V to +0.40V in 0.10V increments. We recommend that you leave this at
the default value.
Clock Generation for EMI
Scroll to Clock Generation for EMI and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Page 4-22
BIOS
Auto Detect PCI Clk
When enabled the mainboard automatically disables the clock source for a PCI
slot which does not have a module in it, reducing EMI (ElectroMagnetic
Interference).
Spread Spectrum Modulated
If you enable spread spectrum, it can significantly reduce the EMI
(ElectroMagnetic Interference) generated by the system.
4-9 Defaults Menu
Selecting “Defaults” from the main menu shows you two options which are described below
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance
system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance system operations.
Page 4-23
BIOS
4-10 Supervisor/User Password Setting
This function lets you set either Supervisor or User Password, or both, to prevent
unauthorized changes to BIOS menus.
supervisor password: full rights to enter and change options of the setup menus.
user password:
only enter but no rights to change options of the setup
menus.
When you select this function, the following message will appear at the center of
the screen to assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You
will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and press <Enter>.
You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the
password. A message will confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password
is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED.
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to key in each time you
enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your
system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a
password every time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use
of your computer.
You can determine when the password is required within the Advanced BIOS
Features Menu and its Security option. If the Security option is set to “System”,
the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”,
prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
Page 4-24
BIOS
4-11 Exiting BIOS
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS – a special section
of memory that stays on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot
your computer, the BIOS configures your system according to the Setup selections
stored in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted again.
Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y
This allows you to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous
selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
Page 4-25
BIOS
Page 4-26
Drivers Installation
Section 5
DRIVER INSTALLATION
Easy Driver Installation
or REALTEK LAN DRIVER
Insert the bundled CD-disk, the main menu screen will appear. The main menu
displays buttons that link you to the supported drivers, utilities and software.
Step 1 :
Click “INTEL CHIPSET INF FILES” to install chipset driver.
Step 2 :
Click “AC’97 AUDIO DRIVER” to install audio driver.
Step 3 :
Click “MARVELL LAN DRIVER” to install 1Gbps LAN driver or Click
“REALTEK LAN DRIVER” to install 10/100Mbps LAN driver.
Step 4 :
Click “USB V2.0 DRIVER” to launch a README.HTM file on how to
install USB2.0 driver for Windows 2000/XP.
Note: Main menu varies depends on model you purchased.
Page 5-1
Drivers Installation
Realtek Sound Manager Quick User-guide
Š Introduction
To obtain the best performance from your audio system, run the "Sound
Manager" utility to adjust the settings to suit your needs. This section of the
manual is intended to provide a quick user-guide to setup "Sound Manager".
For more detailed information, refer to "Sound Manager manual" in the CD.
<Figure 1>
1. Right-click “Sound Effect” button on the task bar and select “Sound Manager”.
Sound
Effect :
<Figure 2>
2. Select "Sound Effect" page to set the desired audio environment from the
pull-down menu.
Page 5-2
Drivers Installation
Speaker
Configuration:
<Figure 3>
3. This page displays the mainboards's phone jack function when a corresponding
audio mode is selected.
Figure 3 above shows the phone jack setup for 8 channel mode.
HRTF Demo:
<Figure 4>
4. This page lets you test the HRTF 3D Positional Audio features.
Page 5-3
Drivers Installation
General:
<Figure 5>
5. This page displays information regarding the audio hardware and software.
To remove "Sound Manager" icon from Windows Task bar, uncheck "Show
icon in system tray".
SPDIF:
<Figure 6>
6. This page shows S/PDIF-In and S/PDIF-Out function on your system.
S/PDIF-In: a. Click "Auto Lock" to detect S/PDIF input and display its
information.
b.Check "Real-time S/PDIF-In monitor" to listen to the S/PDIF
In signal through Line-out connector.
S/PDIF-Out: Choose the type of audio source that will appear on the S/PDIFout connector.
Page 5-4
Drivers Installation
7. This board is equipped with Jack Sensing capability. If an audio device is
plugged into the wrong connector, a warning message will appear to remind
users to check the connection.
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 7>
Push "Start" button to start the sensing. Please remember to terminate all audio
applications before starting the sensing.
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 8>
8. EZ-Connection shows the result of the detection.
“Audio Connector” column reflects the settings used in the "Speaker
Configuration" page.
“Current Connection” column shows the type of device detected. If the
results do not match, an exclamation mark will appear on the right side.
Page 5-5
Drivers Installation
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 9>
9. After closing EZ-Connector, this page will show the latest connector status
as above.
Page 5-6
Appendix
Appendix A
A-1 Realtek Media Player User’s Guide
Realtek Media Player Platform
H
4
A
5
D
6
06 - Reo Speedwagon
1
I
1
2
5 6
2
K
3
C
H
J
8
4
7
3
B
06-Reo Speedwagon - K 03:31
E
G
F
Functional Descriptions
A. Playback Windows Display
Playback windows displays the following mode information:
1. Playback Time Display
2. Voice Cancellation Mode Display
3. Pitch Mode Display
4. Surround Sound Mode Display
A-1
Appendix
B. Playback Function Controls
There are 8 selectable functions for the playback:
1. Volume control
High/Low Adjustment Bar.
2. Pitch control
4-step High/Low Adjustment Bar.
3. Repeat mode
Choice of Repeat, All Repeat, Random or No
Repeat Mode.
4. Mute
Mute On/Off Mode select.
5. Voice cancellation
Voice Cancellation On/Off Mode select for
Karaoke.
6. Surround mode
A total of 26 Surround Sound mode select as
shown in the table below.
Surround mode
Surround mode
Generic
Stone corridor
Padded
Alley
Room
Forrest
Bathroom
City
Living room
Mountain
Stone
Quarry
Auditorium
Plain
Concert
Parking lot
Cave
Sewer pipe
Arena
Under water
Hangar
Drug
Carpet
Dizzy
Hallway
Psychological
7. Skin change
Media Player Skin Type select.
8. Open
Open file formats including MP3, CDA, MDI, WAV
& WMA support.
C. Playback Controls
The playback controls include “Play”, “Pause”, “Stop”, “Previous”, “Backward”,
“Forward”, & “Next”.
A-2
Appendix
D. Seeking bar
Display Animated Playback Status
E. Title/Play List Windows
Display Currently Selected Title(s)
F. Title/Play List Edit Controls
There title/play list controls include “Add”, “Del”, “Clear”, “Load”, & “Store”.
1. Add
Add to the Title/Play List.
2. Del
Remove form the Title/Play List.
3. Clear
Clear the Title/Play List.
4. Load
Load Title/Play List.
5. Store
Save Title/Play List.
G. Title/Play List Scroll bar
Scroll Up/Down the Title/Play List.
H. Recording Function Controls
The recording function controls include “Input”, “Save, “New”, “Rec”, “Stop”,
& “Play”.
1. Input
Input soruce select.
2. Save
Save to file.
3. New
Open new file & select format includes Sampling
Rate, Sampling bit, Mono or Stereo.
4. Rec
Start Rec.
5. Stop
Stop Rec.
6. Play
Playback Rec file.
I. REC/Playback Time Display
Displays REC/Playback Time.
A-3
Appendix
J. Platform Display Panel Controls
The platform display panel control include “Minimize” & “Close”.
1. Minimize
Minimize Platform Display Panel.
2. Close
Close/Exit Platform Display Panel.
K. Equalizer Control Panel
The Equalizer Control Panel include “On/Off” & “Preset”.
1. On/Off
Enable/Disable Equalizer.
2. Preset
Clear Equalizer setting to default value.
A-4
Appendix
Appendix B
B-1 Update Your System BIOS
Download the xxxxx.EXE file corresponding to your model from our website to an
empty directory on your hard disk or floppy. Run the downloaded xxxxx.EXE file and
it will self extract. Copy these extracted files to a bootable floppy disk.
Note: The floppy disk should contain NO device drivers or other programs.
1. Type “A:\AWDFLASH and press <Enter> Key.
2. You will see the following setup screen.
3. Please key in the xxxxx.bin BIOS file name.
XXXX
4. If you want to save the previous BIOS data to the diskette, please key in [Y],
otherwise please key in [N].
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
B-1
Appendix
5. Key in File Name to save previous BIOS to file.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
xxxxx.bin
6. To confirm and proceed, please key in [Y] to start the programming.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
xxxxx.bin
7. The BIOS update is finished.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
F1 : Reset
B-2
F10 : Exit
Appendix
Appendix C
C-1 EEPROM BIOS Remover
Do not remove the BIOS chip, unless instructed by a technician and only with a
PLCC IC extractor tool.
The BIOS socket is fragile may be damaged if an improper method to
replace the BIOS chip is applied.
C-1
Appendix
C-2
Appendix
Appendix D
D-1 GHOST 7 Quick User’s Guide (Optional)
Installation is very easy. You only need to copy the Ghost7 folder or Ghost.exe to
your hard disk.
Main Menu
Description of Menu
Ghost clones and backs up Disk and Partition.
In which Disk indicates hard disk options
Partition indicates partition options
Check indicates check options
Disk
D-1
Appendix
There are 3 hard disk functions:
1. Disk To Disk (disk cloning)
2. Disk To Image (disk backup)
3. Disk From Image (restore backup)
Important!
1. To use this function, the system must have at least 2 disks. Press the Tab key to
move the cursor.
2. When restoring to a destination disk, all data in that disk will be completely
destroyed.
Disk To Disk (Disk Cloning)
1. Select the location of the Source drive.
2. Select the location of the Destination drive.
3. When cloning a disk or restoring the backup, set the required partition size as
shown in the following figure.
4. Click OK to display the following confirmation screen. Select Yes to start.
D-2
Appendix
Disk To Image (Disk Backup)
1. Select the location of the Source drive.
2. Select the location for storing the backup file.
3. Click OK to display the following confirmation screen. Select Yes to start.
Disk From Image (Restore Backup)
1. Select the Restoring file.
D-3
Appendix
2. Select the Destination drive of the disk to be restored.
3. When restoring disk backup, set the required partition size as shown in the
following figure.
4. Click OK to display the following confirmation screen. Select Yes to start.
Partition
D-4
Appendix
There are 3 partition functions:
1. Partition To Partition (partition cloning)
2. Partition To Image (partition backup)
3. Partition From Image (restore partition)
Partition To Partition (Partition Cloning)
The basic unit for partition cloning is a “partition”. Refer to “disk cloning” for the
operating method.
Partition To Image (Partition Backup)
1. Select the disk to be backed up.
2. Select the first partition to be backed up. This is usually where the operating
system and programs are stored.
3. Select the path and file name to store the backup file.
D-5
Appendix
4. Is the file compressed? There are 3 options:
(1) No: do not compress data during backup
(2) Fast: Small volume compression
(3) High: high ratio compression. File can be compressed to its minimum, but
requiring longer execution time.
5. Select Yes to start performing backup.
Partition From Image (Restore Partition)
1.
Select the backup file to be restored.
2. Select the source partition.
D-6
Appendix
3. Select the disk to be restored.
4. Select the partition to be restored.
5. Select Yes to start restoring.
Check
This function is to check possible error caused by defective FAT or
track during backup or restoring.
D-7
Appendix
How to Reinstall Windows in 2 Minutes
This chapter guides you how to setup your computer properly and, if
necessary, reinstall Windows in 2 minutes. Ghost provides different
methods to complete this task. The following two sections explain how to
create an emergency Recover Floppy and Recover CD:
Emergency Recover Floppy
Divide a hard disk into two partitions. The first partition is to store the
operating system and application programs. The second partition is to back
up the operating system and data. The size of the partition can be
determined according to the backup requirements. For example, the
Windows operating system needs 200MB of hard disk space, Plus
complete Office programs require 360MB. The remaining space can be
used to store data.
After installing Windows, use Ghost to create a backup area for the system
and to store the file (Image file) in drive D. The file is named Original.gho.
Then, create a recover floppy disk containing:
Bootable files (Command.com, Io.sys, and MSDOS.SYS )
Config.sys (configuration setup file)
Autoexec.bat (auto-execution batch file)
Ghost.exe (Ghost execution file)
There are two ways to create the content of the recover floppy for
restoring:
(1) To load Windows automatically after booting, store the Autoexec.
bat file with a command line:
Ghost.exe clone, mode=pload, src=d:\original.gho:2,dst=1:1 -fx -sure -rb
Command Description: Runs the restore function automatically with
the Image File. Stored in drive D. After execution, it will exit Ghost
and boots the system.
Refer to the [Introducing Ghosts Functions] for details.
D-8
Appendix
(2) After booting, the screen displays the Menu. Select Backup or Restore:
Since the user may install other applications in the future, he/she may
alter Autoexec.bat file to back up or restore the user-defined Image
file as follows:
Backup
Back up Windows and application programs as a file (Recent.
gho). Command is:
Ghost –clone,mode=pdump,src=1:1,dst=d:\Recent.gho -fx sure -rb
Restore
Restore types include [General Windows] and [Windows and
Application Programs]. If you select [General Windows],
the system is restored to the general Windows operation
condition. The command is:
Ghost.exe -clone,mode=pload,src=d:\Original.gho,dst=1:1 -fx
-sure -rb
If you select [Windows and Application Programs], the latest
backup file (Recent.gho) is restored, skipping the installation
and setup of application programs.
For description of related parameters, refer to [Introducing Ghosts
Functions].
For more information about menu design, refer to Config.sys and
Autoexec.bat under /Menu in the CD. You can also create a backup CD
containing Ghost.exe and these two files.
D-9
Appendix
Recover CD
The following is a simple guide to create a recover CD:
1. First, create a recover floppy disk contains the following with any
copy program such as “Easy CD Create” (Note 2) :
Bootable files (Command.com and Io.sys and MSDOS.SYS)
Config.sys (Configuration setup file)
Autoexec.bat (Auto-execution batch file)
Mscdex.exe (CD-Rom execution file)
Ghost.exe (Ghost execution file)
Oakcdrom.sys (ATAPI CD-ROM compatible driver)
The content of Config.sys is:
DEVICE=Oakcdrom.sys /d:idecd001
The content of Autoexec.bat includes:
MSCDEX.EXE /D:IDECD001 /L:Z
Ghost.exe clone,mode=load,src=z:\original.gho,dst=1 -sure -rb
2. Write the backup image file (original.gho) of the entire hard disk or
partition into the recover CD. Use the Recover CD to boot up the
system and restore the backup files automatically.
For description of related parameters, refer to [Introducing Ghosts
Functions].
Note: For more details about copy the creation program and method to create a
recover CD, please refer to the releated software and its associated
operating manual.
Note: Ghost may be executed in interactive or in batch mode. Most of the Ghost
switches are used to assist in batch mode operation. To list switches, type
ghost.exe -h.
D-10
Appendix
Appendix E
E-1 POST CODES
POST (hex)
DESCRIPTION
CFh
C0h
Test CMOS R/W functionality.
Early chipset initialization:
- Disable shadow RAM
- Disable L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
- Program basic chipset registers
Detect memory
- Auto-detection of DRAM size, type and ECC.
- Auto-detection of L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
Expand compressed BIOS code to DRAM
Call chipset hook to copy BIOS back to E000 & F000 shadow RAM.
Expand the Xgroup codes locating in physical address 1000:0
Reserved
Initial Superio_Early_Init switch.
Reserved
1. Blank out screen
2. Clear CMOS error flag
Reserved
1. Clear 8042 interface
2. Initialize 8042 self-test
1. Test special keyboard controller for Winbond 977 series Super I/O
chips.
2. Enable keyboard interface.
Reserved
1. Disable PS/2 mouse interface (optional).
2. Auto detect ports for keyboard & mouse followed by a port &
interface swap (optional).
3. Reset keyboard for Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Reserved
Test F000h segment shadow to see whether it is R/W-able or not. If test
fails, keep beeping the speaker.
Reserved
Auto detect flash type to load appropriate flash R/W codes into the run
time area in F000 for ESCD & DMI support.
Reserved
Use walking 1’s algorithm to check out interface in CMOS circuitry.
Also set real-time clock power status, and then check for override.
Reserved
Program chipset default values into chipset. Chipset default values are
MODBINable by OEM customers.
Reserved
Initial Early_Init_Onboard_Generator switch.
Reserved
C1h
C3h
C5h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0B-0Dh
0Eh
0Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
15h
16h
17h
E-1
Appendix
18h
19-1Ah
1Bh
1Ch
1Dh
1Eh
1Fh
20h
21h
22h
23h
24-26h
27h
28h
29h
2A-2Ch
2Dh
2E-32h
33h
34-3Bh
3Ch
3Dh
3Eh
3Fh
40h
41h
42h
E-2
Detect CPU information including brand, SMI type (Cyrix or Intel) and
CPU level (586 or 686).
Reserved
Initial interrupts vector table. If no special specified, all H/W
interrupts are directed to SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR & S/W
interrupts to SPURIOUS_soft_HDLR.
Reserved
Initial EARLY_PM_INIT switch.
Reserved
Load keyboard matrix (notebook platform)
Reserved
HPM initialization (notebook platform)
Reserved
1. Check validity of RTC value:
e.g. a value of 5Ah is an invalid value for RTC minute.
2. Load CMOS settings into BIOS stack. If CMOS checksum fails, use
default value instead.
3. Prepare BIOS resource map for PCI & PnP use. If ESCD is valid,
take into consideration of the ESCD’s legacy information.
4. Onboard clock generator initialization. Disable respective clock
resource to empty PCI & DIMM slots.
5. Early PCI initialization:
-Enumerate PCI bus number
-Assign memory & I/O resource
-Search for a valid VGA device & VGA BIOS, and put it into C000:0.
Reserved
Initialize INT 09 buffer
Reserved
1. Program CPU internal MTRR (P6 & PII) for 0-640K memory
address.
2. Initialize the APIC for Pentium class CPU.
3. Program early chipset according to CMOS setup.
Example: onboard IDE controller.
4. Measure CPU speed.
5. Invoke video BIOS.
Reserved
1. Initialize multi-language
2. Put information on screen display, including Award title, CPU type,
CPU speed ….
Reserved
Reset keyboard except Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Reserved
Test 8254
Reserved
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 1.
Reserved
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 2.
Reserved
Reserved
Appendix
43h
44h
45-46h
47h
48h
49h
4A-4Dh
4Eh
4Fh
50h
51h
52h
53-54h
55h
56h
57h
58h
59h
5Ah
5Bh
5Ch
5Dh
5E-5Fh
60h
61-64h
65h
66h
67h
68h
69h
6Ah
6Bh
6Ch
6Dh
Test 8259 functionality.
Reserved
Reserved
Initialize EISA slot
Reserved
1. Calculate total memory by testing the last double word of each 64K
page.
2. Program writes allocation for AMD K5 CPU.
Reserved
1. Program MTRR of M1 CPU
2. Initialize L2 cache for P6 class CPU & program CPU with proper
cacheable range.
3. Initialize the APIC for P6 class CPU.
4. On MP platform, adjust the cacheable range to smaller one in case
the cacheable ranges between each CPU are not identical.
Reserved
Initialize USB
Reserved
Test all memory (clear all extended memory to 0)
Reserved
Display number of processors (multi-processor platform)
Reserved
1. Display PnP logo
2. Early ISA PnP initialization
-Assign CSN to every ISA PnP device.
Reserved
Initialize the combined Trend Anti-Virus code.
Reserved
(Optional Feature) Show message for entering AWDFLASH.EXE
from FDD (optional)
Reserved
1. Initialize Init_Onboard_Super_IO switch.
2. Initialize Init_Onbaord_AUDIO switch.
Reserved
Okay to enter Setup utility; i.e. not until this POST stage can users enter
the CMOS setup utility.
Reserved
Initialize PS/2 Mouse
Reserved
Prepare memory size information for function call: INT 15h ax=E820h
Reserved
Turn on L2 cache
Reserved
Program chipset registers according to items described in Setup & Autoconfiguration table.
Reserved
1. Assign resources to all ISA PnP devices.
2. Auto assign ports to onboard COM ports if the corresponding item
in Setup is set to “AUTO”.
E-3
Appendix
6Eh
6Fh
70-72h
73h
74h
75h
76h
77h
78h-79h
7Ah
7B-7Eh
7Fh
80h-81h
82h
83h
84h
85h
86-92h
93h
94h
95h
96h
FFh
E-4
Reserved
1. Initialize floppy controller
2. Set up floppy related fields in 40:hardware.
Reserved
(Optional Feature) Enter AWDFLASH.EXE if :
-AWDFLASH is found in floppy drive.
-ALT+F2 is pressed
Reserved
Detect & install all IDE devices: HDD, LS120, ZIP, CDROM…..
Reserved
Detect serial ports & parallel ports.
Reserved
Detect & install co-processor
Reserved
1. Switch back to text mode if full screen logo is supported.
-If errors occur, report errors & wait for keys
-If no errors occur or F1 key is pressed to continue:
Clear EPA or customization logo.
Reserved
1. Call chipset power management hook.
2. Recover the text font used by EPA logo (not for full screen logo)
3. If password is set, ask for password.
Save all data in stack back to CMOS
Initialize ISA PnP boot devices
1. USB final Initialization
2. NET PC: Build SYSID structure
3. Switch screen back to text mode
4. Set up ACPI table at top of memory.
5. Invoke ISA adapter ROMs
6. Assign IRQs to PCI devices
7. Initialize APM
8. Clear noise of IRQs.
Reserved
Read HDD boot sector information for Trend Anti-Virus code
1. Enable L2 cache
2. Program boot up speed
3. Chipset final initialization.
4. Power management final initialization
5. Clear screen & display summary table
6. Program K6 write allocation
7. Program P6 class write combining
1. Program daylight saving
2. Update keyboard LED & typematic rate
1. Build MP table
2. Build & update ESCD
3. Set CMOS century to 20h or 19h
4. Load CMOS time into DOS timer tick
5. Build MSIRQ routing table.
Boot attempt (INT 19h)