Craftsman 917.291480 Owner`s manual

Owner’s Manual
FRONT TINE TILLER
5.5 HP
24 Inch Tine Width
Model No.
917.29149
This product has a low emission engine which operates
differently from previously built engines. Before you start the
engine, read and understand this Owner’s Manual.
IMPORTANT:
Read and follow all Safety
Rules and Instructions before
operating this equipment.
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.
Visit our Craftsman website:www.sears.com/craftsman
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Manintenance ...................................... 11
Service and Adjustments..................... 14
Storage ................................................ 16
Troubleshooting ................................... 17
Sears Service ........................Back Cover
Warranty ................................................ 2
Safety Rules .......................................... 2
Product Specifications ........................... 4
Assembly/Pre-Operation ....................... 5
Operation............................................... 7
Maintenance Schedule ........................ 11
WARRANTY
LIMITED ONE YEAR WARRANTY ON CRAFTSMAN TILLER
For one (1) year from date of purchase, when this Craftsman Tiller is maintained,
lubricated, and tuned up according to the operating and maintenance instructions in the
owner’s manual, Sears will repair free of charge any defect in material or workmanship.
This Warranty does not cover:
• Expendable items which become worn during normal use, such as tines, spark plugs,
air cleaners and belts.
• Repairs necessary because of operator abuse or negligence, including bent crankshafts and the failure to maintain the equipment according to the instructions contained in the owner’s manual.
• If this Craftsman Tiller is used for commercial or rental purposes, this Warranty applies for only thirty (30) days from the date of purchase.
Warranty service is available by returning the craftsman power mower to the nearest
sears service center/department in the united states. This warranty applies only while
this product is in use in the united states.
This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
SEARS, ROEBUCK AND CO., D/817WA, HOFFMAN ESTATES, IL 60179 U.S.A.
SAFETY RULES
IMPORTANT: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious
injury or death.
• Disengage all clutches and shift into
neutral before starting the engine (motor).
• Do not operate the equipment without
wearing adequate outer garments. Wear
footwear that will improve footing on
slippery surfaces.
• Handle fuel with care; it is highly flammable.
• Use an approved fuel container.
• Never add fuel to a running engine or
hot engine.
• Fill fuel tank outdoors with extreme care.
Never fill fuel tank indoors.
• Replace gasoline cap securely and
clean up spilled fuel before restarting.
TRAINING
• Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. Be
thoroughly familiar with the controls and
the proper use of the equipment. Know
how to stop the unit and disengage the
controls quickly.
• Never allow children to operate the
equipment. Never allow adults to operate the equipment without proper
instruction.
• Keep the area of operation clear of all
persons, par ticularly small children, and
pets.
PREPARATION
• Thoroughly inspect the area where the
equipment is to be used and remove all
foreign objects.
2
SAFETY RULES
• Do not overload the machine capacity
by attempting to till too deep at too fast
a rate.
• Never operate the machine at high
speeds on slippery surfaces. Look behind and use care when backing.
• Never allow bystanders near the unit.
• Use only attachments and accessories
approved by the manufacturer of the
tiller.
• Never operate the tiller without good visibility or light.
• Be careful when tilling in hard ground.
The tines may catch in the ground and
propel the tiller forward. If this occurs,
let go of the handlebars and do not
restrain the machine.
• Use extension cords and receptacles
as specified by the manufacturer for all
units with electric drive motors or electric starting motors.
• Never attempt to make any adjustments
while the engine (motor) is running (except where specifically recommended
by manufacturer).
OPERATION
• Do not put hands or feet near or under
rotating parts.
• Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel drives, walks,
or roads. Stay alert for hidden hazards
or traffic. Do not carry passengers.
• After striking a foreign object, stop the
engine (motor), remove the wire from
the spark plug, thoroughly inspect the
tiller for any damage, and repair the
damage before restarting and operating
the tiller.
• Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling.
• If the unit should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the engine (motor) and
check immediately for the cause. Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
• Stop the engine (motor) when leaving
the operating position.
• Take all possible precautions when leaving the machine unattended. Disengage
the tines, shift into neutral, and stop the
engine.
• Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting,
shut off the engine and make cer tain all
moving parts have stopped. Disconnect
the spark plug wire, and keep the wire
away from the plug to prevent accidental
starting. Disconnect the cord on electric
motors.
• Do not run the engine indoors; exhaust
fumes are dangerous.
• Never operate the tiller without proper
guards, plates, or other safety protective
devices in place.
• Keep children and pets away.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
• Keep machine, attachments, and accessories in safe working condition.
• Check shear pins, engine mounting
bolts, and other bolts at frequent intervals for proper tightness to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
• Never store the machine with fuel in the
fuel tank inside a building where ignition
sources are present, such as hot water
and space heaters, clothes dryers, and
the like. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
• Always refer to the operator’s guide
instructions for impor tant details if the
tiller is to be stored for an extended
period.
Look for this symbol to point out
impor tant safety precautions. It means
CAUTION!!! BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED.
CAUTION: Always disconnect spark
plug wire and place wire where it cannot
contact spark plug in order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its
constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
3
In the state of California the above is
required by law (Section 4442 of the
California Public Resources Code). Other
states may have similar laws. Federal
laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through
your nearest Sears service center (See
REPAIR PARTS section of this manual).
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline
Capacity:
3 Qts
Unleaded Regular
Oil(API-SG-SL):
(Capacity: 20 oz.)
SAE 30
(Above 32°F)
SAE 5w-30
(Below 32°F)
Spark Plug :
(Gap: .030")
Champion
REPAIR PROTECTION
AGREEMENTS
RC12YC
Congratulations on making a smart purchase. Your new Craftsman® product is
designed and manufactured for years of
dependable operation. But like all products,
it may require repair from time to time. That’s
when having a Repair Protection Agreement
can save you money and aggravation.
Purchase a Repair Protection Agreement
now and protect yourself from unexpected
hassle and expense.
Here’s what’s included in the Agreement:
• Expert service by our 12,000 profesional repair specialists.
• Unlimited service and no charge for
parts and labor on all covered repairs.
• Product replacement if your covered
product can’t be fixed.
• Discount of 10% from regular price of
service and service-related parts not
covered by the agreement; also, 10%
off regular price of preventive maintenance check.
• Fast help by phone – phone support
from a Sears technician on products
requiring in-home repair, plus convenient repair scheduling.
Once you purchase the Agreement, a
simple phone call is all that it takes for you
to schedule service. You can call anytime
day or night, or schedule a service appointment online.
Sears has over 12,000 professional repair
specialists, who have access to over 4.5
million quality parts and accessories.
That’s the kind of professionalism you can
count on to help prolong the life of your
new purchase for years to come. Purchase
your Repair Protection Agreement today!
Some limitations and exclusions apply.
For prices and additional information
call 1-800-827-6655.
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase
of a Sears Tiller. It has been designed,
engineered and manufactured to give you
the best possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problems you
cannot easily remedy, please contact a
Sears or other qualified Service Center.
We have competent, well-trained technicians and the proper tools to service or
repair this unit.
Please read and retain this manual. The
instructions will enable you to assemble
and maintain your tiller properly. Always
observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
Your new tiller has been assembled at the
factory with exception of those parts left
unassembled for shipping purposes. To
ensure safe and proper operation of your
tiller all parts and hardware you assemble
must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools as necessary to insure proper
tightness.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
• Read and observe the safety rules.
• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tiller.
• Follow the instructions under the “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this
Owner’s Manual.
WARNING: This unit is equipped with
an internal combustion engine and should
not be used on or near any unimproved
forest-covered, brush-covered or grass
covered land unless the engine’s exhaust
system is equipped with a spark arrester
meeting applicable local or state laws (if
any). If a spark arrester is used, it should
be maintained in effective working order
by the operator.
SEARS INSTALLATION SERVICE
For Sears professional installation of home
appliances, garage door openers, water
heaters, and other major home items, in
the U.S.A. call 1-800-4-MY-HOME®
4
ACCESSORIES
These accessories were available when the tiller was produced. They are also available
at most Sears retail outlets and service centers. Some of these accessories may not
apply to your tiller.
ENGINE
SPARK PLUG
MUFFLER
AIR FILTER
GAS CAN
ENGINE OIL
STABILIZER
TILLER MAINTENANCE
BELT
TINES
SHEAR PIN
HAIRPIN CLIP
UNASSEMBLED PARTS
CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK
(2) Carriage Bolts
5/16-18 UNC x 2-1/2
(2) Flange
Locknuts
5/16-18 UNC
(1) Manual
(1) Bottle
Engine Oil
(2) Hex Bolt
5/16-18 x 1-1/4
5
(2) Lock
Washer
5/16
(2) Hex Nut
5/16-18
ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION
Your new tiller has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left
unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tiller
all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools
as necessary to insure proper tightness.
Tine
Control
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR
ASSEMBLY
Tine
Control
Handle Cable
Mount
A socket wrench set will make assembly
easier. Standard wrench sizes are listed.
(1) Utility knife
(2) 1/2 Wrench
Handle
Column
OPERATOR’S POSITION
When right or left hand is mentioned in this
manual, it means when you are in the operating position (standing behind tiller handles).
Carriage
Bolt
Front
overhead_views_7
Flange
Locknut
Left
INSTALL DEPTH STAKE
ASSEMBLY
Right
1. Loosen nut “A”.
2. Insert stake support between engine
bracket halves with stake spring down.
3. Bolt stake support to engine brackets
with bolts, lock washers and nuts.
Tighten securely. Tighten nut “A”.
4. Depth stake must move freely. If it does
not, loosen support bolt.
Operator’s Position
de
pth
_s
ta
ke
_
4
UNPACK CARTON & INSTALL
HANDLE
Engine Bracket Halves
Nut “A”
Depth Stake Support
Depth
Stake
Support Bolt
CAUTION: Be careful of exposed staples when handling or disposing of cartoning material.
IMPORTANT: When unpacking and assembling tiller, be careful not to stretch or kink
cable(s).
1. Cut cable ties securing handle column.
2. Route cable(s) as shown and slide
handle column onto handle mount.
3. Remove all packing from carton.
4. Secure handle column using two (2)
carriage bolts and two (2) flange locknuts. Tighten securely.
5. Cut away carton.
6. Route tine control cable(s) through
plastic cable clip on handle mount.
NOTE: Cables must not touch the muffler.
7. Cut cable ties securing tiller to skid.
Remove tiller from skid by pulling backwards.
8. Remove screws securing depth stake
to skid and discard the screws.
Stake Spring
Hex Bolts, Lock Washers,
and hex Nuts
HANDLE HEIGHT
• Handle height may be adjusted to better
suit operator. (See “HANDLE HEIGHT”
in the Service and Adjustments section
of this manual).
TILLING WIDTH
• Tilling width may be adjusted to better
handle your tilling conditions (See “TINE
ARRANGEMENT” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual).
TINE OPERATION
• Check tine operation before first use.
(See “TINE OPERATION CHECK” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual).
6
OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TILLER
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR
TILLER
Compare the illustrations with your tiller to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
Forward Tine
Control
Choke Control
Throttle Control
Tine Shield
Depth
Stake
Recoil Starter
Handle
Tines
Our tillers conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting
a cold engine.
DEPTH STAKE - Controls forward speed
and the depth at which tiller will dig.
FORWARD TINE CONTROL - Engages
tines in forward direction.
RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Used to
start the engine.
THROTTLE CONTROL - Used to control
engine speed.
7
00155
The operation of any tiller can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes,
which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye
shields before starting your tiller and while tilling. We recommend standard
safety glasses or a wide vision safety mask worn over spectacles.
HOW TO USE YOUR TILLER
WHEELS
Know how to operate all controls before
adding fuel and oil or attempting to start
engine.
Adjust wheels by removing the hairpin clip
and clevis pin. Change wheel position.
Replace the hairpin clip and clevis pin.
• For normal tilling, set wheels at the
second or third hole from the top.
STOPPING
TINES
• Release tine control to stop movement.
ENGINE
• Move throttle control to “STOP” position.
NOTE: Never use choke to stop engine.
de
pt
h_
Hairpin Clip and
Clevis Pin
sta
ke
_
4
Tine Control
“Off” (UP) Position
Depth
Stake
Tine Control
“On” (DOWN) Position
Wheel
Stake
Spring
TO TRANSPORT
CAUTION: Before lifting or transporting,
allow tiller engine and muffler to cool. Disconnect spark plug wire. Drain gasoline
from fuel tank.
AROUND THE YARD
1. Tip depth stake forward until it is held
by the stake spring.
2. Push tiller handles down, raising tines
off the ground.
3. Push or pull tiller to desired location.
AROUND TOWN
1. Disconnect spark plug wire.
2. Drain fuel tank.
3. Transport in upright position to prevent
oil leakage.
Throttle
Control
Choke
Control
eng
in
e_a
rt_
71
TINE OPERATION
• Squeeze tine control to handle.
TILLING
The speed and depth of tilling is regulated
by the position of the depth stake and
wheel height.
The depth stake should always be below
the wheels for digging. It serves as a
brake to slow the tiller’s forward motion to
enable the tines to penetrate the ground.
Also, the more the depth stake is lowered
into the ground the deeper the tines will
dig.
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
IMPORTANT: Be very careful not to allow
dirt to enter the engine when checking or
adding oil or fuel. Use clean oil and fuel
and store in approved, clean, covered
containers. use clean fill funnels.
FILL ENGINE WITH OIL
1. Remove hangtag from engine.
2. With engine level, remove engine oil
filler plug.
3. Fill engine with oil to point of overflowing. For approximate capacity see
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” on
page 4 of this manual. All oil must meet
A.P.I. Service Classification SG-SL.
DEPTH STAKE
Adjust depth stake by removing the hair pin
clip and clevis pin. Change depth stake
to desired position. Replace the clevis pin
and hairpin clip.
• For normal tilling, set depth stake at the
second or third hole from the top.
8
4. Tilt tiller back on its wheels and then
re-level.
5. With engine level, refill to point of overflowing if necessary. Replace oil filler
plug.
• For cold weather operation you should
change oil for easier starting (See “OIL
VISCOSITY CHART” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
• To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section of this manual.
Oil Level
TO START ENGINE
CAUTION: Keep tine control in “OFF”
position when starting engine.
When starting engine for the first time or
if engine has run out of fuel, it will take
extra pulls of the recoil starter to move fuel
from the tank to the engine.
1. Make sure spark plug wire is properly
connected.
2. Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
3. Move choke control to full “CHOKE”
position. Grasp recoil starter handle
with one hand and grasp tiller handle
with other hand. Pull rope out slowly
until engine reaches start of compression cycle (rope will pull slightly harder
at this point).
4. Pull recoil starter handle quickly. Do
not let starter handle snap back
against starter. Repeat if necessary.
NOTE: If engine fires but does not start,
move choke control to half choke position. Pull recoil starter handle until engine
starts.
5. When engine starts, slowly move
choke control to “RUN” position as
engine warms up.
NOTE: A warm engine requires less
choking to start.
6. Move throttle control to desired running
position.
7. Allow engine to warm up for a few
minutes before engaging tines.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (3000 feet) or
in cold temperatures (below 32°F), the
carburetor fuel mixture may need to be
adjusted for best engine performance.
See “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual.
NOTE: If engine does not start, see troubleshooting points.
Oil Filler
Plug
ADD GASOLINE
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do
not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of
87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to
assure fuel freshness.
CAUTION: Fill to within 1/2 inch of top
of fuel tank to prevent spills and to allow
for fuel expansion. If gasoline is accidentally spilled, move machine away from
area of spill. Avoid creating any source of
ignition until gasoline vapors have disappeared.
Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not
store, spill or use gasoline near an open
flame.
IMPORTANT: When operating in temperatures below32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help insure good
cold weather starting.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage.
Acidic gas can damage the fuel system
of an engine while in storage. To avoid
engine problems, the fuel system should
be emptied before storage of 30 days
or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel
next season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel
tank or permanent damage may occur.
Spark Plug
Throttle
Control
Choke
Control
Recoil Starter
9
eng
ine
_art
_
71
• You will find tilling much easier if you
leave a row untilled between passes.
Then go back between tilled rows There
are two reasons for doing this. First,
wide turns are much easier to negotiate than about-faces. Second, the tiller
won’t be pulling itself, and you, toward
the row next to it.
• Set depth stake and wheel height for
shallow tilling when working extremely
hard soil or sod. Then work across the
first cuts at normal depth.
BREAKING IN YOUR TILLER
Break-in your belt(s), pulleys and tine control before you actually begin tilling.
• Start engine, tip tines off ground by
pressing handles down and engage tine
control to start tine rotation. Allow tines
to rotate for five minutes.
• Check tine operation and adjust if
necessary. See “TINE OPERATION
CHECK” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
TILLING HINTS
CAUTION: Until you are accustomed to
handling your tiller, start actual field use
with throttle in slow position.
To help tiller move forward, lift up the
handles slightly (thus lifting depth stake
out of ground). To slow down the tiller,
press down on handles.
If you are straining or tiller is shaking,
the wheels and depth stake are not set
properly in the soil being tilled. The proper
setting of the wheels and depth stake is
through trial and error and depends upon
the soil condition. (The harder or wetter
the ground, the slower the engine and tine
speed needed. Under these poor conditions, at fast speed the tiller will run and
jump over the ground).
A properly adjusted tiller will dig with little
effort from the operator.
• Tilling is digging into, turning over, and
breaking up packed soil before planting.
Loose, unpacked soil helps root growth.
Best tilling depth is 4"-6". A tiller will
also clear the soil of unwanted vegetation. The decomposition of this vegetable matter enriches the soil. Depending
on the climate (rainfall and wind), it may
be advisable to till the soil at the end of
the growing season to further condition
the soil.
• Soil conditions are important for proper
tilling. Tines will not readily penetrate
dry, hard soil which may contribute to
excessive bounce and difficult handling
of your tiller. Hard soil should be moistened before tilling; however, extremely
wet soil will “ball-up” or clump during tilling. Wait until the soil is less wet in order
to achieve the best results. When tilling
in the fall, remove vines and long grass
to prevent them from wrapping around
the tine shaft and slowing your tilling
operation.
3
4
5
2
6
1
7
CULTIVATING
Cultivating is destroying the weeds between rows to prevent them from robbing
nourishment and moisture from the plants.
At the same time, breaking up the upper
layer of soil crust will help retain moisture
in the soil. Best digging depth is 1"-3".
• You will probably not need to use the
depth stake. Begin by tipping the depth
stake forward until it is held by the stake
spring.
• Cultivate up and down the rows at a
speed which will allow tines to uproot
weeds and leave the ground in rough
condition, promoting no fur ther growth
of weeds and grass.
10
EV
Y5
ER
EV
BE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
FO
RE
EA
CH
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
US
E
HO
ER
UR
Y2
S
5H
EV
OU
ER
RS
Y5
0H
OU
RS
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE DATES
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil
1,2
Oil Pivot Points
Inspect Spark Arrester / Muffler
Inspect Air Screen
Clean or Replace Air Cleaner Cartridge
2
Clean Engine Cylinder Fins
Replace Spark Plug
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
LUBRICATION CHART
The warranty on this tiller does not cover
items that have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full
value from the warranty, the operator must
maintain tiller as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to properly maintain your tiller.
All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual should be
checked at least once each season.
• Once a year you should replace the
spark plug, clean or replace air filter,
and check tines and belts for wear. A
new spark plug and clean air filter assure proper air-fuel mixture and help
your engine run better and last longer.
1 Tine Control
2 Engine
BEFORE EACH USE
1. Check engine oil level.
2. Check tine operation.
3. Check for loose fasteners.
LUBRICATION
1 Idler Arm
1 SAE 30 OR 10W-30 MOTOR OIL
2 Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” section
Keep unit well lubricated (See “LUBRICATION CHART”) .
11
5. Refill engine with oil. See “FILL
ENGINE WITH OIL ” in the Operation
section of this manual.
CAUTION:Disconnect spark plug
wire before performing any maintenance
(except carburetor adjustment) to prevent
accidental starting of engine.
Prevent fires! Keep the engine free of
grass, leaves, spilled oil, or fuel. Remove
fuel from tank before tipping unit for maintenance. Clean muffler area of all grass,
dirt, and debris.
Do not touch hot muffler or cylinder fins as
contact may cause burns.
Oil
Drain
Plug
Oil Level
ENGINE
Oil Filler Plug
LUBRICATION
Use only high quality detergent oil rated
with API service classification SG-SL.
Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected temperature.
AIR CLEANER
Service air cleaner cartridge every
twenty-five hours, more often if engine is
used in very dusty conditions.
1. Loosen air cleaner screw.
2. Remove air cleaner cover.
3. Carefully remove air cleaner cartridge.
Be careful. Do not allow dirt or debris
to fall into carburetor.
4. Clean by tapping gently on a flat surface.
NOTE: If very dirty or damaged, replace
car tridge.
5. Clean and replace cover. Tighten
screw securely.
CAUTION: Petroleum solvents, such
as kerosene, are not to be used to clean
car tridge. They may cause deterioration
of the cartridge. Do not oil car tridge. Do
not use pressurized air to clean or dry
car tridge.
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
SAE 30
5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
0
-20
30
-10
32
0
40
60
10
100
80
20
30
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
oil_visc_chart1_e
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils
(5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) improve starting
in cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption
when used above 32°F (0°C). Check your
engine oil level more frequently to avoid
possible engine damage from running low
on oil.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of
operation or at least once a year if the tiller
is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before
starting the engine and after each five (5)
hours of continuous use. Add SAE 30 motor oil or equivalent. Tighten oil filler plug
securely each time you check the oil level.
Air Cleaner
Car tridge
Cover
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Determine temperature range expected
before oil change. All oil must meet API
service classification SG-SL.
• Be sure tiller is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
1. Remove drain plug.
2. Tip tiller forward to drain oil.
3. After oil has drained completely,
replace oil drain plug and tighten securely.
4. Remove oil filler plug. Be careful not to
allow dirt to enter the engine.
Air Cleaner
Screw
12
SPARK PLUG
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of
each tilling season or after every 50 hours
of use, whichever comes first. Spark plug
type and gap setting are shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” on page 4 of this
manual.
TRANSMISSION
Your transmission is sealed and will not
require lubrication unless serviced.
COOLING SYSTEM
Your engine is air cooled. For proper engine performance and long life keep your
engine clean.
• Clean air screen frequently using a
stiff-bristled brush.
• Remove blower housing and clean as
necessary.
• Keep cylinder fins free of dirt and chaff.
Muffler
Cylinder Fins
Blower
Housing
CLEANING
Do not clean your tiller when the engine
and transmission are hot. We do not recommend using pressurized water (garden
hose, etc.) to clean your unit unless the
gasket area around the transmission and
the engine muffler, air filter and carburetor
are covered to keep water out. Water in
engine will shorten the useful life of your
tiller.
• Clean engine, wheels, finish, etc. of all
foreign matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free
of all gasoline, oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
Air Screen
eng
ine
_art
_71
MUFFLER
Do not operate tiller without muffler. Do
not tamper with exhaust system. Damaged mufflers or spark arresters could
create a fire hazard. Inspect periodically
and replace if necessary. If your engine is
equipped with a spark arrester screen assembly, remove every 50 hours for cleaning and inspection. Replace if damaged.
13
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
CAUTION: Disconnect spark plug wire
from spark plug and place wire where it
cannot come into contact with plug.
MID-WIDTH TILLING - 22" PATH
• Assemble holes “A” in tine hubs to holes
“C” in tine shaft.
TILLER
A
TO ADJUST HANDLE HEIGHT
Factory assembly has provided lowest
handle height. Select handle height best
suited for your tilling conditions. Handle
height will be different when tiller digs into
soil.
1. If a higher handle height is desired,
loosen the four nuts securing handle
panel to engine brackets.
2. Slide handle panel to desired location.
3. Tighten the four nuts securely.
C
C
tine_5
NARROW TILLING/CULTIVATING 12-3/4" PATH
• Remove outer tines.
tine_6
Engine Brackets
Handle
Panel
Inner Tines Only
NOTE: When reassembling outer tines,
be sure right tine assembly (marked “R”)
and left tine assembly (marked “L”) are
mounted to correct side of tine shaft.
TINE OPERATION CHECK
WARNING: Disconnect spark plug wire
from spark plug to prevent starting while
checking tine operation.
For proper tine operation, tine control lever
must be against control body and all slack
removed from inner wire of control cable
when control is in the “OFF” (up) position.
If lever and cable are loose, loosen cable
clip at lower end of cable. Pull up on cable
to remove slack, without extending spring
on end of cable, and retighten cable clip.
Nuts(Also 2
on Left Side
of Tiller
TINE ARRANGEMENT
Your outer tines can be assembled in
several different ways to suit your tilling or
cultivating needs.
CAUTION: Tines are sharp. Wear
gloves or other protection when handling
tines.
NORMAL TILLING - 24" PATH
• Assemble holes “A” in tine hubs to holes
“B” in tine shaft.
Clevis Pin
FINAL CHECK “OFF” POSITION
1. With tine control “OFF” (up), push
down on handle to raise tines off the
ground.
2. Slowly pull recoil starter handle while
observing tines. Tines should not
rotate.
3. If tines rotate, inner wire of control
cable is too tight which is extending lower spring and engaging tines.
Loosen cable clip and push down on
cable only enough to relieve spring tension. Tighten cable clip.
4. Recheck in “OFF” position and adjust
if necessary.
Outer Tine
A
A
B
B
tine_4
Hairpin Clip
A
Inner Tine
14
TO REPLACE V-BELT
Replace V-belt if it has stretched considerably or if it has cracks or frayed edges.
1. Belt guard must be removed to service belt. See “TO REMOVE BELT
GUARD” in this section of manual.
FINAL CHECK “ON” POSITION
5. With tine control “ON” (held down to
handle) push down on handle to raise
tines off the ground.
6. Slowly pull recoil starter handle while
observing tines. Tines should rotate
forward.
7. If tines do not rotate, inner wire of control cable is too loose. Loosen cable
clip and pull cable up to remove slack
and retighten clip.
8. Recheck in “ON” position and adjust if
necessary.
NOTE: If “ON” position check required
adjustment, recheck “OFF” position adjustment to insure tines do not rotate when
control is “OFF” (up).
BELT REMOVAL
2. Remove V-belt from transmission pulley first and then from engine pulley.
BELT REPLACEMENT
3. Install new V-belt to engine pulley first
then to transmission pulley. Be sure
belt is positioned on inside groove of
both pulleys, inside all belt guides and
rests on idler pulley.
CHECK TINE OPERATION
4. See “TINE OPERATION CHECK” in
this section of manual.
5. Replace belt guard
Tine Control “OFF” Position
Body
Belt Guide
Tine Control “ON” Position
Engine
Pulley
Tine Control Cable
Cable Clip
Belt Guide
ENGINE
V-Belt
Idler Pulley
Transmission
Pulley
Maintenance, repair, or replacement of
the emission control devices and systems,
which are being done at the customers expense, may be performed by any non-road
engine repair establishment or individual.
Warranty repairs must be performed by an
authorized engine manufacturer's service
outlet.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
The carburetor has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be
necessary. However, engine performance
can be affected by differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load. If the carburetor
does need adjustment, contact your nearest authorized service center/department
IMPORTANT: Never tamper with the
engine governor, which is factory set
for proper engine speed. Overspeeding
the engine above the factory high speed
setting can be dangerous. If you think
the engine-governed high speed needs
adjusting, contact your nearest sears or
other qualified service center which has
the proper equipment and experience to
make any necessary adjustments.
TO REMOVE BELT GUARD
1. Remove screws from side of belt
guard.
2. Pull belt guard out and away from unit.
3. Replace belt guard by reversing above
procedure. Be sure slot in bottom of
belt guard is under head of tine shield
bolt and all nuts are tightened securely.
Belt
Guard
Screw
Screw
Screw
15
STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tiller for storage
at the end of the season or if the unit will
not be used for 30 days or more.
Warning: Never store the tiller with gasoline in the tank inside a building where
fumes may reach an open flame or spark.
Allow the engine to cool before storing in
any enclosure.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable
alternative in minimizing the formation of
fuel gum deposits during storage. Add
stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio
found on stabilizer container. Run engine
at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer
to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and
carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER
1. Remove spark plug.
2. Pour 1 ounce (29 ml) of oil through
spark plug hole into cylinder.
3. Pull starter handle slowly several times
to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug.
TILLER
1. Clean entire tiller (See “CLEANING” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
2. Inspect and replace belts, if necessary
(See belt replacement instructions in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual).
3. Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
4. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are securely fastened. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear.
Replace if necessary.
5. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
OTHER
• Do not store gasoline from one season
to another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can
starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your
gasoline will cause problems.
• If possible, store your unit indoors and
cover it to give protection from dust and
dirt.
• Cover your unit with a suitable protective
cover that does not retain moisture. Do
not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe
which allows condensation to form and
will cause your unit to rust.
IMPORTANT: Never cover tiller while engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential
fuel system parts such as the carburetor,
fuel filter, fuel hose, or tank during storage.
Also, alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol
or using ethanol or methanol) can attract
moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an
engine while in storage.
• Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and letting it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
16
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
PROBLEM
Will not start
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1. Out of fuel.
2. Engine not “CHOKED”
properly.
3. Engine flooded.
4. Dirty air cleaner.
5. Water in fuel.
6. Clogged fuel tank.
7. Loose spark plug wire.
8. Bad spark plug or
improper gap.
9. Carburetor out of adjustment.
Hard to start
1. Throttle control not set
properly.
2. Dirty air cleaner.
3. Bad spark plug or
improper gap.
4. Stale or dirty fuel.
5. Loose spark plug wire.
6. Carburetor out of
adjustment.
Loss of power
1. Engine is overloaded.
2. Dirty air cleaner.
3. Low oil level/dirty oil.
4. Faulty spark plug.
5. Oil in fuel.
6. Stale or dirty fuel.
7. Water in fuel.
8. Clogged fuel tank.
9. Spark plug wire loose.
10. Dirty engine air screen.
11. Dirty/clogged muffler.
12. Carburetor out of
adjustment.
13. Poor compression.
17
1. Fill fuel tank.
2. See “TO START ENGINE”
in the Operation section.
3. Wait several minutes before
attempting to start.
4. Clean or replace air cleaner
cartridge.
5. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh
gasoline.
6. Remove fuel tank and clean.
7. Make sure spark plug wire is
seated properly on plug.
8. Replace spark plug or adjust
gap.
9. Make necessary adjustments.
1. Place throttle control in
“FAST” position.
2. Clean or replace air cleaner
cartridge.
3. Replace spark plug or adjust
gap.
4. Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh clean gasoline.
5. Make sure spark plug wire is
seated properly on plug.
6. Make necessary adjustments.
1. Set depth stake and wheels
for shallower tilling.
2. Clean or replace air cleaner
cartridge.
3. Check oil level/change oil.
4. Clean and regap or change
spark plug.
5. Empty and clean fuel tank
and refill, and clean carburetor.
6. Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh clean gasoline
7. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh
gasoline.
8. Remove fuel tank and clean.
9. Connect and tighten spark
plug wire.
10.Clean engine air screen.
11. Clean/replace muffler.
12. Make necessary adjustments.
13. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
PROBLEM
Engine
overheats
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1. Low oil level/dirty oil.
2. Dirty engine air screen.
3. Dirty engine.
4. Partially plugged muffler.
5. Improper carburetor
adjustment.
Excessive
bounce/difficult
handling
1. Ground too dry and hard.
2. Wheels and depth stake
incorrectly adjusted.
1. Check oil level/change oil.
2. Clean engine air screen.
3. Clean cylinder fins,
airscreen, muffler area.
4. Remove and clean muffler.
5. Adjust carburetor to richer
position.
1. Moisten ground or wait
for more favorable soil
conditions.
2. Adjust wheels and depth
stake.
Soil balls up or
clumps
1. Ground too wet.
1. Wait for more favorable
soil conditions.
Engine runs but
tiller won’t move
1. Tine control is not
engaged.
2. V-belt not correctly
adjusted.
3. V-belt is off pulley(s).
1. Engage tine control.
Engine runs but
labors when
tilling
1. Tilling too deep.
2. Throttle control not
properly adjusted.
3. Carburetor out of
adjustment.
18
2. Inspect/adjust V-belt.
3. Inspect V-belt.
1. Set depth stake for shallower tilling.
2. Check throttle control setting.
3. Make necessary adjustments.
19
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02410
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