Critikon DlNAMAP PRO Series 100-400 Specifications

DlNAMAP@ PRO
Series 100-400 Monitor
Operation Manual
Df NAMAP” PRO Monitor
Operation Manual
This manual is for DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor Models 100,
200, 300, and 400, all with printers.
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PRO 100: BP and Pulse
PRO 200: BP, Pulse, and Temp
PRO 300: BP, Pulse, and SpO,
PRO 400: BP, Pulse, Temp, and SpO,
The model of the Monitor determines which menu option
buttons appear on the LCD. Please refer to applicable
sections.
Reissues and Updates
Changes occurring between issues are addressed through
Change Information Sheets, Addendums, and replacement
pages. If a Change Information Sheet does not accompany
this manual, it is correct as printed.
Errors and Omissions
If errors or omissions are found in this manual, please
notify:
Critikon
Marketing Services
4502 Woodland Corporate Boulevard
Tampa, FL 33614
1-877-274-8456
Part No. 776995C
The content of this document including all figures and
drawings is proprietary information of Critikon, provided
solely for purposes of operation, maintenance or repair, and
dissemination for other purposes or copying thereof is
prohibited without prior written consent by Critikon, Tampa,
Florida.
Illustrations may show design models; production units may
incorporate changes.
Contents
7
Introduction ..........................................................................
About the DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor.. ................................................................. 7
Product Compliance .............................................................................................. 70
Symbols ...................... . ..............................................................................................11
Getting Started ....................................................................
13
Unpacking the Monitor and Accessories ............ . ........................ . .................... 13
Power Sources .......... . ............................................................................................. 13
Powering t.he Monitor ........................................................................ . ... . ............... 13
Rear Panel Connections. .......................................................................................16
Front Panel Controls and Indicators ................................................................... 17
Switching the Monitor On and Off .................................................................... 19
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) ............................................................................... 19
Using the Printer .................................................................................................... 20
Installing the Paper ................................................................................................. 20
Printer Alarms........................................................................................................21
Storage ...................................................................................................................... 21
Using the Monitor ............................................................... 23
Noninvasive Blood Pressure Determination .....................................................
Procedures ................................................................... . ...........................................
Manual Mode .........................................................................................................
Auto Mode ...............................................................................................................
Stat Mode .................................................................................................................
Predictive Temperature Determination .............................................................
Procedures ...............................................................................................................
spa* ........ ............. .................... . ............ . . . . . ...... ........ .,..,...,................,.............................................,........................, ..........
Procedures ...............................................................................................................
Troubleshooting .....................................................................................................
23
27
29
29
30
31
32
34
36
39
Using the Menu System ...................................................... 43
Introduction ............................................................................................................. 43
Liquid Crystal Display ............................................................................................ 43
46
Rotor .... ......................................................................................................................
Menu Tree ................................................................................................................ 46
Main Menu ........................... . ...............................................................................__ 46
Vitals Button (UK: All Obs) .................................................................................. 47
More ... Button ......................................................................................................... 48
Set BP Button (UK: BP Mode) ................. . ........................................................... 48
Alarms Button ......................................................................................................... 49
Trend Button ............................................................................................................ 51
Print Button .............................................................................................................. 53
More ... Menu ........................................................................................................... 53
SpO2 Button (Models 300 and 400) .................................................................. 54
54
Config Button .........................................................................................................
54
Mode)
...........................................................................................
Pwr Sav (Sleep
55
..........................................................................................................................
Time
56
..........................................................................................................................
Rotor
56
........................................................................................................
Display Button
57
........................................................................................................
Service Button
58
.......................................................................................................
Clinician Menu
.62
Error and Warning Messages ..............................................................................
Alarms Button ......................................................................................................... 62
Appendix A ..........................................................................
63
Technical Specifications ..... . ..................................................................................
63
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
BP.. ... . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IVAC Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
64
,. . . ,. . _ ,....... .._..............__......_.......
..,......._,._,....,..,.,......,,.........
SpOz .,.........,.....
66
Mechanical _........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*.............
:;
Patient Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Failsafe Alarm _..__...._....,............................................................................................
Hierarchy of Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
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70
Appendix C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
Principles of Noninvasive Blood Pressure Determination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Appendix D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
Compatibility Table and Reorder Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
Appendix E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*.*...... 81
Warranty, Service, and Spare Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ._.............................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Packing Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
82
Service Manuals . .._............................,....,..................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*...........................
83
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Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . .._..................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
Cleaning the Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
Cuff Cleaning and Disinfection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
84
Temperature Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
84
SpOz Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage and Battery Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
86
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Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Leak Testing . . .._...._.....
Disposal of Product Waste . . . .._..._....._..............................................~................... 86
Appendix G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
Connection Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Host Port Connector (rear pane)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
a9
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Introduction
About the DINAMAP PRO Monitor
DINAMAP@ PRO Monitors provide noninvasive
determination of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood
pressure, mean arterial pressure, pulse rate, temperature,
and oxygen saturation. These portable AC- and DCoperated monitors are primarily intended for use in hospital
acute care settings such as outpatient surgery, accident and
emergency, labor and delivery, Gl/endoscopy, and medical/
surgical units.
The PRO Monitor comes in four different models: PRO 100,
200, 300, and 400, all with printers.
9 PRO 100: BP and Pulse
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PRO 200: BP, Pulse, and Temp
. PRO 300: BP, Pulse, and SpO,
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PRO 400: BP, Pulse, Temp, and SpO,
All of the main operations of the PRO Monitor are easy to
use. Please review the factory default settings and, where
applicable, enter settings appropriate for your use. The
“Using the Monitor” section of this manual explains how to
use the Monitor in its most simple form, while the “Using
the Menu System” section explains how to customize
measurements by using the menu system.
lndica tions
The PRO Monitor is intended to monitor one patient at the
bedside.
Contraindications
This device is not designed, sold, or intended for use except
as indicated.
Federal law (U.S.A.) restricts this device to sale by or on the
order of a clinician.
Warnings
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Do not use the PRO Monitor in the presence of
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) devices. There
have been reports of sensors causing patient burns
when operating in an MRI environment.
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Do not use the Monitor in the presence of flammable
anesthetics.
To help prevent unintended current return paths with
the use of high frequency (HF) surgical equipment,
ensure that the HF surgical neutral electrode is
properly connected.
To avoid personal injury, do not perform any servicing
unless qualified to do so.
WARNING: These Monitors should not be used on
patients who are connected to cardiopulmonary
bypass machines.
. If powering the Monitor from an external power
adapter or converter, use only Critikon-approved
power adapters and converters.
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The Monitor does not include any user-replaceable
fuses. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel.
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not remove the
cover or the back. Refer servicing to a qualified
service person.
If the accuracy of any determination reading is
questionable, first check the patient’s vital signs by
alternate means and then check the PRO Monitor for
proper functioning.
Cautions
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Do not use replacement batteries other than the type
supplied with the Monitor. Replacement batteries are
available from Critikon. See Appendix D.
The PRO Monitor is designed to conform to
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard IEC
601-l -2, 1993 and will operate accurately in
conjunction with other medical equipment which also
meets this requirement. To avoid interference
problems affecting the Monitor, do not use the
Monitor in the presence of equipment which does not
conform to these specifications.
8-
Introduction
Place the PRO Monitor on a rigid, secure surface.
Monitor must only be used with mounting hardware,
poles, and stands recommended by Critikon. See
Appendix D.
The weight of the accessory basket contents should
not exceed 6.6 lb (3 kg).
Arrange the power cord, air hoses, and all cables
carefully so they do not constitute a hazard.
Verify calibration of BP parameter (temp and pulse
oximeter do not require calibration). Ensure that the
display is functioning properly before operating the
PRO Monitor.
Do not immerse the Monitor in water. If the Monitor
is splashed with water or becomes wet, wipe it
immediately with a dry cloth.
Do not gas sterilize or autoclave.
The PRO Monitor, when used with Critikon-approved
applied parts and accessories, is protected against
defibrillator damage.
Notes
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Waveforms may be distorted and readings inaccurate
when electrosurgical cautery equipment is used while
monitoring with the PRO Monitor.
- The electromagnetic compatibility profile of the PRO
Monitor may change if accessories other than those
specified for use with the PRO Monitor are used.
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Trend data are retained in the PRO Monitor when it is
turned off, except when the default is overridden by
selecting the Trend button under the Service menu.
Product Compliance
The DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor is classified in the following
categories for compliance with
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IEC 601-l :
Class I, internally powered
Transportable
For continuous operation
Not suitable for use in the presence of flammable
anesthetics
Not for use in the presence of an oxygen-enriched
atmosphere (oxygen tent)
Type BF applied parts
IPXl, degree of protection against ingress of water
Sterilization/Disinfection, see Appendix F
QD
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DINAMAP@ PRO MONITOR
CLASSIFIED WITH RESPECT TO ELECTRIC SHOCK, FIRE
AND MECHANICAL AND OTHER SPECIFIED HAZARDS
ONLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH CAN/CSA C22.2 NO.
601 .l . ALSO EVALUATED TO IEC-601-2-30.
CC
0086
This product conforms with the essential requirements
of the Medical Device Directive. Accessories without
the CE mark are not guaranteed to meet the Essential
Requirements of the Medical Device Directive.
10
Getting Started
Unpacking the Monitor and Accessories
Before attempting to use the PRO Monitor, take a few
minutes to become acquainted with the Monitor and its
accessories. Unpack the items carefully, and check them
against the contents checklist enclosed in one of the
accessory boxes. This is also a good time to check for any
damage or shortage. If there is a problem or shortage,
contact Critikon.
It is recommended that all the packaging
case the Monitor must be returned for
be retained, in
service in the future.
Power Sources
The PRO Monitor is designed to operate from either an
internal lead-acid battery, AC mains or an IEC 601-l
compliant DC power source (see Appendix A). For
replacement rechargeable batteries, please refer to the
Service section of this manual.
The Monitor contains five fuses. Two AC line input fuses
are mounted internally and are replaceable only by qualified
service personnel. The remaining three fuses are autoresetable and mounted within the Monitor. These fuses
protect the low voltage DC input, the battery, and the
+5 V
output on the host port connector.
Powering the Monitor
Before the PRO Monitor is used for the first time, the
battery should be charged in the Monitor for at least 8
hours.
Refer to the illustration of the rear panel connections.
Looking at the rear of the PRO Monitor, remove the battery
compartment cover. Insert the rechargeable battery into the
compartment so that the battery terminals fit into the power
clips at the bottom of the compartment. Then replace the
cover. Insert the power cord plug into the mains external
power socket (2) and plug into an AC outlet.
Refer to the illustration of the front panel controls and
indicators. With mains or externat DC power connected,
the green external power indicator LED (14) will light to
indicate that external power is being applied and that the
battery is charging. If the battery is not inserted, the external
power indicator LED will flash (short flash approx. every 4 set).
When the Monitor is running on battery
power, a battery icon
appears in LCD area 3 (toggling with the time indicator)
indicating the charge status.
During battery-only operation, the yellow battery power
indicator LED (17) will light. When the battery becomes
discharged beyond the low battery threshold, the indicator will
begin to flash, and the Monitor will sound warning beeps
every 30 seconds. At this point, the Monitor should be
connected to an AC outlet to recharge the battery. If the
Monitor continues to be used without charging the battery,
the message WARNING: THE BAlTERY IS TOO LOW FOR
MONITOR TO FUNCTION. TURN MONITOR OFF
appears.
The Monitor shuts down all functions until it is turned off and
the battery is recharged or replaced. To run the Monitor on
AC power, it must be powered off and then on again.
Battery charging will take place as long as the Monitor remains
connected to an external AC power source. A battery that is
fully discharged can be fully recharged in 1 hour 50 minutes
when the Monitor is switched off or 8 hours if the Monitor is
switched on.
Notes
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To prolong the life of the battery, keep the Monitor
connected to an AC outlet whenever possible. NEVER
allow the battery to become completely discharged. A
fully charged battery will power the Monitor for
approximately 2 hours and should survive between 200
and 500 charge/discharge cycles. When it is necessary to
replace the battery, refer to the “Compatibility Table and
Reorder Codes” listed in Appendix D. To ensure full
charge cycles, replace only with a recommended battery.
If the Monitor is to be stored
for some time, first charge
the battery and then remove it and store it separately from
the Monitor.
9 For continued safety, use only a power cord of listed type
SJT, three-conductor, min. No. 18 AWG, terminated in a
medical/hospital grade attachment plug, provided with
the following cord tag: “Hospital Grade Plug.” Grounding
14
.,:
Getting Started
integrity can only be maintained when equipment is
connected to an equivalent receptacle marked “Hospital
Grade.”
l
Where the integrity of the external earth conductor in the
installation or its arrangement is in doubt, the Monitor
must
be operated from its internal battery.
General Caution
Do not touch either the pin of the DC input connector (3)
or the terminals within the battery compartment (1) and
the patient at the same time.
15
**a
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.:::::t:.
l a**me*oe
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53’
Rear Panel Connections
1
Battery compartment cover: Retains and
2
3
internal battery
Mains input: Used to
connect to AC power supply
External power socket: To be used with approved
Critikon AC-DC power converter ONLY
protects
Inactive temperature cable storage: Inactive temperature
probe cable attaches here (Models 200 and 400)
pole or stand
5 Pole clamp: Used to clamp monitor to
6 Data interface connector: Host communications port
(15 way D-type RS-232 serial port) for use only with
equipment conforming to IEC 601-1, configured to
comply with IEC 601-l-l
4
16
Getting Started
15
16
I
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17
18
Front Panel Controls and Indicators
7
Systolic pressure display: 3-digit red LED indicates
measured systolic BP in mmHg
8 Active temperature probe holster: Temperature probe
that is being used stored here (Models 200 and 400)
9 Diastolic pressure display: 3-digit red LED indicates
measured diastolic BP in mmHg
10 Temperature probe cover storage: Box of probe covers
stored here (Models 200 and 400)
11 Inactive temperature probe holster: Extra temperature
probe can be stored here (Models 200 and 400)
12 Temperature display: 4-digit red LED indicates measured
temperature (Models 200 and 400)
13 “C “F display: Indicates whether temperature is being
displayed in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit (Models 200
and 400)
14 External power indicator: Green LED indicates external
power status and battery charging status of monitor
15 Temperature probe connector: Temperature probe cable
attaches here (Models 200 and 400)
16 ON/OFF switch: Controls on/off state of monitor; push
for power on and push again for power off
17 Battery power indicator: Yellow LED indicates operation
and charge status of internal battery
18 SpOz sensor connector: SpOz sensor extension cable
attaches here (Models 300 and 400)
19 Mean arterial pressure display: 3-digit red LED indicates
measured MAP in mmHg and shows instantaneous cuff
pressure during BP determination
20 SpOz pulse indicator: Yellow LED in heart symbol flashes
to indicate that real-time pulse rate measurements are
being derived from SpOz signals (Models 300 and 400)
21 Rotor: Used to highlight and select items in LCD
menus; if monitor is off, pressing rotor will switch
monitor on
22 Pulse BPM display: 3-digit yellow LED shows pulse rate
in beats per minute
23 SpOz display: 3-digit red LED indicates oxygen saturation
in % (Models 300 and 400)
24 SpOz artifact indicator LED: Illuminates when motion
artifact is detected (Models 300 and 400)
25 LCD (liquid crystal display): Displays all alarms, user
interface messages, and configuration options
26 Alarm silence switch: Alternately mutes and enables
audible alarms; when pushed once after alarm sounds
(silence on), switch lights to indicate that audible alarms
have been silenced for 2 minutes
27 AUTO BP key: Press to start Auto BP mode
28 Light sensor: Automatically measures ambient light to set
LED display intensity
29 START/STOP BP key: Press to start or stop a BP, Auto,
Stat, or Vitals determination
30 Cuff connector: BP cuff hose attaches here
18 .s>
Getting Started
Switching the Monitor On and Off
@
To switch the DINAMAP PRO Monitor on, push the
ON/OFF switch (16) or press the rotor (21).
As the Monitor powers up, it will run
power
a short self-test
routine, which will flash all the indicator lights and then
beep the warning speaker. After a few seconds the system
will be ready for operation, as indicated by the appearance
of the main menu on the LCD (25).
To switch the Monitor off, push the power
ON/OFF switch
(16) again. This will terminate any measurements that may
be in progress and automatically deflate the cuff.
When the Monitor is operating on the internal battery only,
battery life is enhanced by the use of the sleep mode.
However, the PRO Monitor will not enter sleep mode if an
alarm is active. If no controls are used and no
determinations are being made, the Monitor will enter sleep
mode after a time which can be preset by the operator. All
LED displays will be blanked except for a dash in the far-left
systolic position, and any existing readings will be
transferred to the LCD, which displays the message “Sleep
Mode Active.” Moving the rotor or pressing a key will
“wake up” the Monitor.
liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
MENU AREA
Menu Area
This area displays the name of the menu that has option
buttons available for selection. Normal text in the menu
area appears dark on a light background, while the text of
selected buttons appears light on a dark background.
Note: Some menus have six option buttons. In these cases, there
is no space available to display the menu
title.
Area 2
This area displays data from one of three different sources.
l
Source 1:
SpO, plethysmograph (Models 300 and 400)
. Source 2: Last three BP readings
. Source 3: Error and warning messages
Note: Refer to “Display Button” in the “Using the Menu
System” section for instructions on setting Area 2.
Area 3
This area displays the time, the time lapsed since the last Auto
BP determination (if in Auto BP mode), the battery icon (if
operating on battery power, the time and battery icon toggle),
and the BP and Printer modes.
Using the Printer
Installing the Paper
Turn the PRO Monitor so that the side is facing you. While
grasping the side of the Monitor, firmly press the notched
indentations on the printer door to open it. The printer door will
pop open. With the Monitor powered on, place the roll of paper
into the compartment so that the end of the paper comes off
the top, and thread it between the two printer plates. As the
paper touches the plates, the paper will begin to auto-feed itself
into the printer. Feeding the end of the paper strip through the
slot in the door, firmly press the notched indentation on the side
of the printer door to close it. Use the paper release lever to clear
a paper jam or manually feed the paper.
Note: Make sure that the roll of paper is tightly wound.
_
Getting Started
Any time the paper is loaded, the printer automatically prints a
test strip with the DINAMAP@ PRO name on it. If no print is
visible on the paper, check that the paper roll
has been
installed in the correct position (refer to diagram). To tear
off
the printout, use a slight sideways action to pull the paper
sharply up across the serrated edge of the door.
Printer Alarms
If the Monitor is switched on with no paper installed or with
the printer door open, the message “No Paper” will appear
next to “PRNT” in Area 3 of the LCD. When new paper is
installed and the printer door is closed, the message will
change to “Manual” for Manual print or “Auto” for Auto print,
depending on the status before the paper change.
If the paper runs out during a print request or if an attempt is
made to print when no paper is installed, the message “Printer
No Paper” will appear in Area 2 of the LCD and an audible
alarm will sound. In addition, the message “No Paper” will
appear next to “PRNT” in Area 3 of the LCD. To clear the
alarm, press the rotor. The message in Area 3 of the LCD will
remain until new paper is installed and the printer door is
closed. (See “Using the Menu System.“)
-
Installing new paper will cause the Critikon DINAMAP PRO
header to be printed, thereby confirming that the paper is
installed correctly and that the printer is operational. The message
next to “PRNT” in Area 3 of the LCD will change to “Auto” or
“Manual” to identify the operating mode of the printer. After
power-off, the operating mode of the printer returns to the
previous user-selected setting (Auto or Manual) unless specified
otherwise in the Print button under the Service Button.
Storage
Store thermal paper in a cool, dry place. The printed strip
(thermal paper recording) should not be
exposed to direct sunlight,
. exposed to temperatures over 100
OF/38 “C or relative
humidity over 80%, or
. placed in contact with adhesives, adhesive tapes, or
plasticizers such as those found in all PVC page protectors.
Note: When in doubt about long-term storage conditions, store a
photocopy of the thermal paper recording.
Ca &ions
l
The paper is thermally activated; therefore,
do not store it in a
hot place as discoloration may result.
l
Use only replacement paper
22
rolls (58 mm) from Critikon.
i
Using the Monitor
Noninvasive Blood Pressure Determination
Description
The BP parameter is included
in Models 100, 200, 300, and
in the
400. Blood pressure is monitored noninvasively
PRO Monitor by the oscillometric method, which measures
the amplitude of the pressure oscillations within the blood
pressure cuff. Further information about the oscillometric
method is in Appendix C.
The PRO Monitor has four
BP modes: 1. Manual,
(UK: All Obs). The mode,
2. Auto, 3. Stat, and 4. Vitals
shown on the LCD (25).
which is selected by the user, is
The BP measurements are automatic, and once the cycle is
complete the LED displays (7, 9, 19, 22) show systolic
pressure, diastolic pressure, mean arterial pressure, and
pulse rate.
1. Manual BP determinations are started by pressing the
START/STOP BP key (29). In the Manual mode, the
blood pressure is determined one time.
2. Auto BP determinations are started by selecting the
AUTO BP key (27) or the Auto button under the Set
(UK: BP Mode) button in the Main menu.
BP
When Auto mode is selected, a number at the right of
the Auto button indicates the time interval between each
reading. To change the time interval, choose the box
around the number and turn the rotor until the desired
interval is reached. The interval can be set between 1
and 120 minutes (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60,
90, and 120 minutes). Press the rotor to confirm the
setting.
3. Stat determinations are started by selecting the Stat
button under the Set BP button
(UK: BP Mode) in the
Main menu. In the Stat mode, the blood pressure is
determined as many times as possible in 5 minutes.
4. Vitals (UK: All Obs) determinations are started by
selecting the Vitals (UK: All Obs) button in the Main
menu. (Refer to the “Using the Menu System” section.)
Selection of this button initiates a BP determination
?-%
”
F
h
23
while allowing SpOz and predictive temperature
determinations to be monitored and recorded
(depending on Monitor model). In the Vitals (UK:
All
Obs) mode, the blood pressure is determined one time.
Before each BP determination, the Monitor performs a test
is below a specified level.
to ensure that the cuff pressure
The determination is delayed until this condition is met.
During the delay, the BP values are displayed as zero.
The Monitor senses the type of hose being used and
automatically uses adult/pediatric monitoring parameters or
neonatal monitoring parameters, as appropriate.
Audible and visible alarms occur when a value for systolic
pressure, diastolic pressure, mean arterial pressure, or pulse
rate is outside the selected high or low limit.
Instructions for cleaning and disinfecting BP cuffs are in
Appendix F.
Genera/ Warnings
l
l
l
l
The PRO Monitor will not measure blood pressure
effectively on patients who are experiencing seizures
or tremors.
Arrhythmias will increase the time required by the
PRO Monitor to determine a blood pressure and may
extend the time beyond the capabilities of the
Monitor.
In Manual mode, the PRO Monitor displays the results
of the last blood pressure determination for 2 minutes
or until another determination is completed. If a
patient’s condition changes between one
determination and the next, the Monitor will not
detect the change or indicate an alarm condition.
Devices that exert pressure on tissue have been
associated with purpura, skin avulsion, compartmental
syndrome, ischemia and/or neuropathy. To minimize
these potential problems, especially when monitoring
at frequent intervals or over extended periods of time,
make sure the cuff is applied appropriately and
-24
Using the Monitor
examine the cuff site and the limb distal to the cuff
regularly for signs of impeded blood flow.
. Do not apply external pressure against cuff while
monitoring. Doing so may cause inaccurate blood
pressure values.
l
l
l
l
Use care when placing cuff on extremity used to
monitor other patient parameters.
The PRO Monitor is designed for use only with dualtube cuffs.
Use only accessories recommended by Critikon.
Failure to use recommended accessories may result in
inaccurate readings. See Appendix D.
Blood pressure cuffs should be removed from the
patient when the Monitor is powered off. If the
extremity remains cuffed under these conditions or if
the interval between blood pressure determinations is
prolonged, the patient’s limb should be observed
frequently and the cuff placement site should be
rotated as needed.
General Cautions
. Accuracy of BP measurement depends on using a cuff
of the proper size. It is essential to measure the
circumference of the limb and to select the proper
size cuff. The air hoses are color-coded according to
size of the patient. The gray 12- or 24-foot hose (3.66
m or 7.3 m) is required on patients who require cuff
sizes from infant through thigh cuffs. The teal (bluegreen) 12-foot hose (3.66 m) is required for the
neonatal cuff sizes
#l through #5.
. If it becomes necessary to move the cuff to another
limb, make sure the appropriate size cuff is used.
. The pulse rate derived from a BP determination may
differ from the heart rate derived from an EKG
waveform because the PRO Monitor measures actual
peripheral pulses, not electrical signals or
contractions from the heart. Differences may occur
because electrical signals at the heart occasionally fail
to produce a peripheral pulse or the patient may have
poor peripheral perfusion. Also, if a patient’s beat-tobeat pulse amplitude varies significantly (e.g., because
of pulsus alternans, atrial fibrillation, or the use of a
rapid-cycling artificial ventilator), blood pressure and
pulse rate readings can be erratic, and an alternate
measuring method should be used for confirmation.
General Notes
l
A patient’s vital
signs may vary dramatically during the
use of cardiovascular agents such as those that raise or
lower blood pressure or those that increase or decrease
heart rate.
9 Because treatment protocols based on the patient’s
blood pressure may rely on specific values and differing
measurement methods, such as auscultatory, clinicians
should note a possible variance from values obtained
with the PRO Monitor in planning patient care
management. The PRO Monitor values are based on
the oscillometric method of noninvasive blood pressure
measurement and correspond to comparisons
with
inn-a-aortic values within ANSI /AAMI Standards for
accuracy (a mean difference of + 5 mmHg, and a
standard deviation of + 8 mmHg).
. Several conditions may cause the BP parameter to
calculate and display only the mean arterial pressure
(MAP) without a systolic and diastolic reading. These
conditions include very low systolic and amplitude
fluctuations, so an accurate calculation for these values
can’t be made (e.g., patient in shock); too small of a
difference between systolic and MAP calculations in
relationship to the difference between diastolic and
MAP; or a leak has occurred in the PRO Monitor
(1. Check all BP connections 2. Monitor may need
calibration and leak testing). If only the MAP value is
displayed, the systolic and diastolic will display dashes
(-) and an alarm message “N99-BP FAILED” will be
displayed.
26
Using the Monitor
Procedures
1. Connect the end of the air hose which has quick-release
clips to the cuff connector (30) on the front of the Monitor.
Make sure that the hose is not kinked or compressed.
Note: To disconnect the hose from the Monitor, squeeze
the quick-release clips together and pull the plug from the
cuff connector (30).
2. Select the appropriate blood pressure measurement site.
Because normative values are generally based on this site
and as a matter of convenience, the upper arm is preferred.
When upper arm size or shape, the patient’s clinical
condition, or other factors prohibit use of the upper arm,
the clinician must plan patient care accordingly, taking into
account the patient’s cardiovascular status and the effect of
an alternative site on blood pressure values, proper cuff
size, and comfort. The figure shows the recommended sites
for placing cuffs.
Warning: Do not place the cuff on a limb being used
for intravenous infusion or any area where circulation
is compromised or has the potential to be compromised.
I
Adult/Pediatric
f
Neonate
3. If patient is standing, sitting, or inclined, ensure that cuffed
limb is supported to maintain cuff at level of patient’s
heart. If cuff is not at heart level, the difference in systolic
and diastolic values due to hydrostatic effect must be
considered. Add 1.80 mmHg to values for every inch (2.54
cm) above heart level. Subtract 1.80 mmHg from values for
every inch (2.54 cm) below heart level.
4. Select appropriate cuff size. Measure patient’s limb and
select appropriately sized cuff according to size marked on
cuff or cuff packaging. When cuff sizes overlap
for a
specified circumference, choose the larger size cuff.
Precaution: Accuracy depends on use of proper size cuff.
5. Inspect cuff for damage. Replace cuff when aging,
tearing, or weak closure is apparent. Do not inflate
cuff when unwrapped.
Precaution: Do not use cuff if structural integrity is
suspect.
6. Connect the cuff to the air hose. Thread the cuff
connectors onto the hose connectors until finger tight.
Do not overtighten.
Warning: It is mandatory that the appropriate hose and
cuff combination be used. Any attempt to modify the
hose will inhibit the Monitor from switching between
the neonatal and adult measurement modes.
Note: In normal use, each cuff will have its own hose, so
it will not usually be necessary to disconnect them. If it is
necessary to do so, carefully unscrew the cuff from the
hose. Care should be taken in reconnecting the cuff to a
hose, ensuring that threads of the cuff and hose are in
alignment and no cross-threading occurs.
7. Inspect patient’s limb prior to application.
Precaution: Do not apply cuff to areas where skin is not
intact or tissue is injured.
8. Palpate artery and place cuff so that patient’s artery is
aligned with cuff arrow marked “artery.”
9. Squeeze all air from cuff and confirm that connection is
secure and unoccluded and that tubing is not kinked.
1 O.Wrap cuff snugly around the patient’s limb. Cuff index
line must fall within the range markings. Ensure that hook
and loop closures are properly engaged so that pressure
is evenly distributed throughout cuff. If upper arm is
used, place cuff as far proximally as possible.
11 .Proper cuff wrapping should be snug, but should still
allow space for a finger between patient and cuff. Cuff
should not be so tight as to prevent venous return
between determinations.
Warning: Using a cuff that is too tight will cause
venous congestion and discoloration of the limb, but
using a cuff that is too loose may result in no readings
and/or inaccurate readings.
12.Proceed with monitoring in the Manual, Auto, Stat, or
Vitals (UK: All Obs) mode.
28
Using the Monitor
Manual Mode
@
To start a determination, press the START/STOP BP key (29).
A normal, uninterrupted Manual cycle takes about 40
seconds. The cuff pressure must drop below 5 mmHg
(neonate) or 15 mmHg (adult) before another
determination can be started. BP information will be
displayed for 2 minutes on the LED unless another
determination is started within that time frame. This applies
to Manual and Vitals (UK: All Obs) modes. After power-off,
the operating mode returns to the default setting of Manual.
The default setting of Manual can be overridden to return to
the previous user-selected setting (Auto or Manual) by
selecting Set BP (UK: BP Mode) under the Service menu.
Note: The START/STOP BP key is an on-off switch; pressing
it will stop any BP determination (Manual, Auto, Stat, or
Vitals) that is in progress.
Auto Mode
&Z?)
Auto BP determinations are started by selecting the AUTO
BP key (27) or the Auto button under the Set BP button
(UK: BP Mode) in the Main menu.
Selecting the AUTO BP key (27) brings up the Set BP menu
(UK: BP Mode) and automatically starts an Auto BP
determination as long as the Monitor is in Manual BP mode.
If the Monitor is already in Auto BP mode, selection of the
AUTO BP key (27) brings up the Set BP menu (UK: BP
Mode) without starting a new determination until the preset
time interval has expired. Pressing the START/STOP BP key
during a series of Auto BP determinations will cancel the
determination in progress.
When Auto mode is selected, a number at the right of the
Auto button indicates the time interval between each
reading. To change the time interval, choose the box around
the number and turn the rotor until the desired interval is
reached. The interval can be set between 1 and 120
minutes (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60, 90, and
29
120 minutes). Press the rotor to confirm the setting. After
setting
power-off, the operating mode returns to the default
of Manual. The default setting of Manual can be overridden
to return to the previous user-selected setting (Auto or
Manual) by selecting Set BP (UK: BP Mode) under the
Service menu.
below 5 mmHg
(neonate) or 15 mmHg (adult) for at least 30 seconds
before another determination can be started. BP
In the Auto mode, the pressure must be
information will be displayed on the LED until the next
determination is started. This applies to Auto
mode only.
Note: To cancel an Auto BP determination, select the
Manual button in the Set BP menu (UK: BP Mode).
Stat Mode
Multiple BP readings can be taken at any time by selecting
the Stat button under the Set BP button (UK: BP Mode) in
the Main menu. Stat mode can also be accessed by
pressing the AUTO BP key (27) and then selecting the Stat
button when the Set BP menu (UK: BP Mode) appears.
is not in progress, a S-minute
series of determinations will start. If a Manual determination
is in progress, that determination will become the first in the
series. A normal, uninterrupted Stat sequence will give the
first set of systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure
values and pulse rate within 15 to 20 seconds. Selecting the
Stat button during a series of Stat determinations will cancel
the determination in progress and the rest of the series. BP
If a Manual determination
information will be displayed on the LED until the
determination has been canceled or completed. This applies
to Stat mode only.
The series begins with cuff inflation to a pressure above the
previous systolic pressure or, if no previous systolic value is
stored, to approximately 160 mmHg for adult/pediatrics.
The initial target pressure selection for neonates is 110
mmHg. Artifact rejection is relaxed in
the Stat mode for
adult/pediatric patients to allow for accelerated
determinations. If a BP or Stat reading has been made
previously, the first new systolic value will flash on the LED
display (7) within a few seconds and will continue to flash
until the end of the determination. At that point a short tone
will sound and the updated systolic, diastolic, and mean
30 t;
Using the Monitor
arterial pressures and pulse rate will appear on their LED
displays (7, 9, 19, 22). The Monitor will begin another
determination once the pressure is
below 5 mmHg for 8
seconds (neonates) or 15 mmHg for 4 seconds (adults),
unless the S-minute period has ended or the determination
has been canceled.
Note: Alarm limits are disabled while in Stat mode.
Predic five Tempera ture De termina tion
Q
Description
The temperature parameter is included in Models 200 and
400. The PRO Monitor uses IVAC* technology and can be
used with both oral and rectal temperature probes. Two
modes of operation are available: predictive and monitor.
In predictive mode, a final temperature is displayed with an
audible tone. In monitor mode, the display is updated
continually as the patient’s temperature rises or falls.
Note: If the PRO is unable to complete a predictive
determination, then it enters monitor mode. These
temperature readings are not stored in trends and not
reported via host comms.
During a temperature determination, the temperature
display (12) provides a progress meter and probe ready
indicator. In the far-left position, a single horizontal line
indicates the probe is ready to start a determination after
removal from the probe holster. In the far-right position of
the temperature display, a “chase sequence” around the
outside space indicates a predictive temperature
determination is in progress. During monitor mode, the
temperature readings flash constantly.
Temperature is shown on the temperature display in
degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit, and the unit of measure is
indicated by the “C “F display (13). The default, which is
Celsius, can be changed in the Clinician Menu (please refer
to the “Using the Menu System” section of this manual).
*IVAC is a trademark of Alaris Medical Systems
General Warning
l
The performance of the Monitor may be degraded if it
is operated outside of the environmental conditions
specified in Appendix A.
General Cautions
l
l
Be careful not to overextend the coiled cord of the
temperature probe. Overextension can damage the
probe coil connector interfaces.
Accurate oral temperatures (blue) can only be
obtained by placing the probe under the tongue in the
right or left sublingual pocket. Temperatures in other
locations in the mouth can vary by more than 2 OF or
1 OC.
l
l
l
Accurate rectal temperatures can only be obtained by
using the red temperature probe. Red and blue
temperature probes are not interchangeable.
Do not allow the tip of the predictive temperature
probe to come into contact with a heat source (e.g.,
hands or fingers) prior to taking a temperature
determination. If this occurs, allow 5 seconds for the
probe tip to cool before proceeding.
Use only IVAC* probes and probe covers. The size,
shape, and thermal characteristics of the probe covers
can affect the performance of the instrument.
Inaccurate readings or retention problems
may occur
unless IVAC probes and probe covers are used.
Procedures
1. Connect the temperature probe cable to the
temperature probe connector (15).
2. Remove the temperature probe from the probe holster.
Place a protective temperature probe cover on the
probe and insert the probe appropriately.
Hold the
3. The determination begins automatically.
temperature probe steady until the determination is
complete. This takes approximately 60 seconds, during
which time a pattern of lines on the temperature display
(12) appears as a “chase sequence” to indicate progress.
*IVAC is a trademark of Alaris Medical Systems
32
Using the Monitor
When the determination is complete, an audible tone
sounds and the temperature appears on the display.
4. Record the temperature and remove the probe. Discard
the disposable cover by holding the probe as you would
a syringe and pressing the button on the probe handle.
Place the probe in the probe holster. Once you place the
probe in the probe holster, the temperature values will
be cleared.
Notes
l
l
l
-
l
If the probe tip temperature is 94.0” F or higher
(34.4” C) when taken out of the probe holster, the
thermometer will not be able to perform a predictive
measurement. Instead, the thermometer will
automatically go into monitor mode. The temperature
reading will then flash. A correct final temperature
reading may require 3 minutes or longer. Th.e Monitor
will not beep at final temperature. It will continue to
monitor the patient’s temperature until the probe is
removed from the patient and returned to the probe
holster.
To cool the temperature probe down, wipe with alcohol.
If there is a long delay from the time the probe is
removed from the probe holster until it is inserted into
the patient’s mouth, it is possible that the instrument will
not display a final temperature. If this occurs, insert the
probe into the probe holster, remove it again, and start a
new measurement.
If an alarm is actively sounding, an audible
tone will not
sound.
If tissue contact is lost, the chase sequence on the
temperature display (12) stops. If tissue contact is not
made within 1 minute, the Monitor will alarm.
spa,
Description
The SpOz parameter is included in Models 300 and 400. To
begin SpOz monitoring, simply place the SpOZ sensor on
the patient’s finger; monitoring begins automatically.
Functional oxygen saturation
(SpOJ of arterial blood is
noninvasively and continuously monitored
in the
PRO Monitor using pulse oximetry technology from
NELLCOR*. Functional SpOz is the ratio of oxygenated
hemoglobin to hemoglobin that is capable of transporting
oxygen. This ratio, expressed as a percentage, is shown on
the SpOz display (23), which is continually updated.
Heart rate derived from
Sp02 appears in the Pulse BPM
display (22), and the SpOz pulse indicator (20) flashes
synchronization with the real-time pulse rate measurements
that are derived from the SpOz signal. A tone sounds at a
rate corresponding to the pulse rate and at a pitch
corresponding to the SpOZ saturation level. The pitch is
highest at 100% oxygen saturation, and it becomes lower as
the saturation level falls. The Monitor can display a pulse
amplitude bar and a plethysmographic waveform on the
LCD (25). The pulse amplitude bar graph is proportional to
the arterial blood flow. The artifact indicator LED (24) lights
continuously when the Monitor detects motion sufficient
enough to affect readings.
Audible and visible alarms occur when SpOz: levels are
outside the alarm limits. When a limit alarm occurs, a
message appears in Area 2 of the LCD display.
If you select the Alarms button, the Alarms menu appears.
This menu is used to adjust the violation limits for BP and
SpOz. Refer to “Alarms Button” in the “Using the Menu
System” section.
*NELLCOR is a trademark of Mallinckrodt,
34
Inc.
Using the Monitor
If you select the Suspend button, the SpOz alarm is suspended
for 2 minutes and then the PRO returns to normal SpOz
monitoring. A message informing the user that Sp02 is
suspending appears in Area 2 and dashes appear in the SpOz
LED while the Sp02 alarm suspend is counting down.
Selecting Cancel will cancel the SpOZ alarm suspension and
return to monitoring
Sp02.
Low
SpOz is suspending
2:oo
ICancel
If the Monitor is unable to detect a pulse for 10 seconds
during normal SpOz monitoring, the values in the LED flash,
alternating patient values with dashes. The Monitor returns to
normal SpOz reporting of values when several consecutive
good pulse determinations are made.
Genera/ Warnings
l
l
l
Do not use the SpOZ function during magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI). Adverse reactions include
potential burns to patients as a result of contact with
attachments heated by the MRI radio frequency pulse,
potential degradation of the magnetic resonance image,
and potential reduced accuracy of SpOZ measurements.
Always remove oximetry devices and attachments from
the MRI environment before scanning a patient.
The use of cardio-green and other intravascular dyes at
certain concentrations may affect the accuracy of the
SpOZ measurement.
The SpOZ function is calibrated to read functional
arterial oxygen saturation. Significant levels of
dysfunctional hemoglobins such as carboxyhemoglobin
or methemoglobin may affect the accuracy of the SpOZ
measurement.
General Cautions
l
As with any clip-on sensor, pressure is exerted. The
clinician should be cautious in using a clip-on sensor on
patients with compromised circulation (e.g., because of
peripheral vascular disease or vasoconstricting
medications).
l
Do not perform any testing or maintenance on a sensor
while it is being used to monitor a patient.
. Bright light sources (e.g., infrared heat lamps, bilirubin
lights, direct sunlight, operating room lights) may interfere
with the performance of the SpOZ function. To prevent
I
_,
>T
such interference, cover the sensor with opaque material.
General Notes
. A patient’s vital
signs may vary dramatically during the use of
cardiovascular agents such as those that raise or lower blood
pressure or those that increase or decrease heart rate.
l
l
The PRO Monitor is compatible only with NELLCOR sensors.
Software development, software validation, and Risk and
Hazard Analysis has been performed to a registered quality
system.
.,
_,
Procedures
1. Select a sensor that is appropriate for the patient and the
clinical situation.
Warning: Do not use a damaged sensor or one with
exposed electrical contacts.
Note: Use only NELLCOR sensors, which are available
from:
USA
Mallinckrodt, Inc.
675 MacDonnell Blvd
PO Box 5840
St. Louis, MO 63 134
Phone: 1-800-NELLCOR
UK
1
(USA) Fax: l-888-222-9799
Nellcor
10 Talisman Business Center
London Road
Bicester
Oxfordshire 0X6-OJX
UK
Phone: 44-189-632-2700
Using the Monitor
2
Following the directions for use supplied
with the sensor,
apply the sensor to the patient.
Warnings
Patient safety:
If you fail to apply the sensor properly, the patient’s
skin could be injured or the ability of the PRO
Monitor to measure oxygen saturation could be
compromised, For example, a clip-on sensor should
never be taped shut. Taping the sensor could damage
the patient’s skin or impair the venous return, thus
causing venous pulsation and inaccurate
measurement of oxygen saturation.
Excessive pressure from the sensor may cause necrosis
of the skin.
Monitor performance:
When an SpOZ sensor is on a limb that has a blood
pressure cuff, the SpOZ data will not be valid when
the cuff is inflated. If SpOZ readings are required
during the entire blood pressure determination, attach
the SpO, sensor to the limb opposite the one with the
blood pressure cuff.
Remove nail polish and artificial nails. Placing a sensor
on a polished or an artificial nail may affect accuracy.
Cautions
Patient safety:
Do not place any clip-on sensor in a patient’s mouth
or on a patient’s nose or toe.
Do not place a clip-on finger sensor on a patient’s
thumb or across a child’s foot or hand.
Observe the sensor site to assure adequate distal
circulation.
Monitor performance:
l
l
For best performance, place the sensor at heart level.
Placing a sensor distal to an arterial line may interfere
with adequate arterial pulsation and compromise the
measurement of SpOZ.
37
..,
l
Place the sensor so that the LEDs and the photodiode are
opposite each other.
3. Plug the SpOz sensor into the Sp02 sensor extension cable.
Then plug the SpOZ sensor extension cable into the
SpOz
sensor connector (18).
4. Proceed with monitoring. SpOz determinations run
continuously and can run simultaneously with other
measurements.
38
.;
Using the Monitor
Troubleshooting
for
resolving them. If the difficulty persists, contact a qualified service
person or your local Critikon representative.
This section discusses potential difficulties and suggestions
The service manual, which is for use by qualified service personnel
provides additional troubleshooting information.
PROBLEM: The pulse amplitude bar indicates a pulse, but no
oxygen saturation or pulse rate values appear on the screen.
CAUSE:
l
l
l
Excessive patient motion may be making
SpOz function to find a pulse pattern.
it impossible for the
The sensor may be damaged.
The patient’s perfusion may be too low to allow the
function to measure saturation and pulse rate.
SpOz
SOLUTION:
Check the patient.
l
l
If possible, keep the patient still; check whether the
SpOz
sensor is applied securely and properly, and replace it if
necessary; move the sensor to a new site; or use a disposable
adhesive sensor that may tolerate more motion.
Replace the sensor.
PROBLEM: The SpO2 value or the pulse rate changes rapidly; the
puise amplitude bar is erratic.
CAUSE:
. Excessive patient motion may be making it impossible for the
SpOz function to find a pulse pattern.
l
An electrosurgical unit (ESU) may be interfering
with
performance.
SOLUTION:
Check the patient.
l
If possible, keep the patient still; check whether the sensor is
applied securely and properly, and replace it if necessary;
move the sensor to a new site; use a sensor that tolerates more
motion.
Y” i
LI
39
If an ESU is interfering:
l
l
l
Move the SpOz cable as far from the
Plug the Monitor and the
ESU as possible.
ESU into different AC circuits.
Move the ESU ground pad as close to the surgical site as
possible.
0 The sensor may be damp or may need to be replaced with a
new sensor.
l
If the patient weighs less than 3 kg or more than 40 kg, apply
an OXISENSOR N-25 oxygen transducer to an appropriate
site. This sensor has added protection against electrosurgical
interference.
PROBLEM: The oxygen saturation measurement does not
correlate with the value calculated from a blood gas
determination.
CAUSE:
l
l
The Sp02 calculation may not have correctly adjusted for the
effects of pH; temperature; CO,; fetal hemoglobin; or 2,3DPG.
Accuracy can be affected by incorrect sensor application or
use; intravascular dyes; bright light; excessive patient
movement; venous pulsations; electrosurgical interference;
and placement of a sensor on an extremity that has a blood
pressure cuff, arterial catheter, or intravascular line.
SOLUTION:
l
l
Check that calculations have been corrected appropriately for
the relevant variable. In general, calculated saturation values
are not as reliable as direct laboratory hemoximeter
measurements.
If there is excessive light, cover the sensor with opaque
material.
l
Circulation distal to the sensor site should be checked
routinely. The site must be inspected every 8 hours to ensure
adhesion, skin integrity, and correct optical alignment. If skin
integrity changes, move the sensor to another site.
40 -
Try to keep the patient still, or change the sensor site to one with
less motion.
l
Observe all instructions, warnings, and cautions in
and in the directions for use of the sensor.
l
this manual
PROBLEM: A valid SpO2 signal was present but has disappeared.
CAUSE:
l
A BP determination on the same limb is
in progress.
SOLUTION:
l
An alarm message (No signal) will appear
on the screen, and the
audible alarm will sound immediately.
PROBLEM: A bad signal error has occurred.
CAUSE:
l
Weak or “noisy” signal.
SOLUTION:
Check the patient.
. If possible, keep the patient still; check whether the sensor is
applied securely and properly, and replace it if necessary; move
the sensor to a new site; or replace the sensor.
l
l
l
Change sensor type.
Consider increasing perfusion using heat.
If there is excessive light, cover the sensor with opaque material.
PROBLEM: A sensor error indicating a bad sensor has occurred.
CAUSE:
l
The sensor or cable may be defective, or the cabling may be
improperly connected.
SOLUTION:
Check the patient.
l
l
If possible, keep the patient still; check whether the sensor/cable
is applied securely and properly, and replace it if necessary.
Disconnect and reconnect the sensor.
41
L Using the Menu System
Introduction
The PRO Monitor is equipped with a liquid crystal display
(25) and a rotor (21). Used together, these allow the
operator to view and edit most of the Monitor’s parameters
and functions. When the Monitor is in use, a number of
option buttons appear on the liquid crystal display (LCD).
The model of the Monitor determines which menu option
buttons appear on the LCD. The number of buttons and the
specific options depend on the menu level. The rotor
provides the means of choosing menu options and
changing monitor settings.
Liquid Crystal Display
The LCD is divided into three areas, each of which
distinct function.
has a
MENU AREA
AREA 3
Menu Area
This area displays the menu buttons that are available for
selection. Normal text in the menu area appears dark on a
light background, while the text of selected buttons appears
light on a dark background.
Area 2
This area displays BP and Sp02 data and error and warning
messages. The Display mode menu is used to select the
data to be displayed.
Area 3
This area displays the time, the time lapsed since the last
Auto BP determination (if in Auto BP mode), the battery
icon (if operating on battery power, the time and battery
icon toggle), and the BP and printer modes.
Note: In cold ambient temperatures (below
50 OF / 10” C),
updates on the LCD can be delayed by approximately 1
second. This delay on the LCD does not affect the
performance of the Monitor.
Menu Tree
”
) 1 Stat
SYS
DIA
1 1 Main
1
MAP BPM
POWER SAVE MENU
r’
Display
L
TIME SYS
,I:37 ___
c ,,:a2 ___ ___
,,:q _ _ _
+ ,,:S2 _ _ _
MAP BPM
SpO2 TEMP
-__ _-- -_- --- --__- __- --- --___
___
_-----.__
_-_ _
-----
DIA
.
_
r
.,
_ Using the Menu System
Menu Tree
Automaticalley
Clear Trend on Power-up?
Restore Print mode on power-up?
ROTOR BEEP
I
Restore BP mode on power-up?
Enter
alarm configuration mode?
14-J& I999
I
pi-,,
How
Min
20: 21 11
Set
24-Aug-1999
Day
Mon
Yew
.
Notes
l
The
model of the Monitor determines which menu option buttons appear on the LCD.
45
Rotor
Rotating the rotor causes option buttons to be highlighted
rotor
(light text on a dark background). Turning the
produces a click. Turning it clockwise moves the
highlighting clockwise over the available buttons, while
turning it counterclockwise reverses the direction of the
highlighting. Pressing the rotor selects the highlighted
button and produces an audible tone.
Some menus (e.g., Alarms) contain values that can be
changed by the operator. After the value is highlighted, the
user selects it by pressing the rotor. Turning the rotor
clockwise will cause the value to increase, and turning the
rotor counterclockwise will cause the value to decrease.
Pressing the rotor again will confirm the changed value.
Menu Tree
The menu tree on the previous page shows a// possible
choices available within the menu structure, from the
top
level downward.
Main Menu
This menu is the top level menu. It is displayed when the
Monitor is first switched on and after the rotor has been
inactive for 2 minutes, unless the Monitor
is in sleep mode
(Pwr Sav).
46
- Using the Menu System
Vitals Button (UK: All Obs)
Selection of this button initiates a BP
determination while
allowing SpO, and predictive temperature determinations to
be monitored and recorded (depending on Monitor model).
When the Vitals determination is complete, a single “warble”
sounds and all patient data are displayed on the
LEDs and
held for 2 minutes or until cleared by the user. The
LCD
shows:
Values Held
Note: If the printer is in “Auto”
mode, the Print button does not
appear as an option.
Notes
l
l
l
If the Monitor is performing a Vitals determination, the
Vitals button cannot be selected.
If a BP determination is in progress, the Vitals button
cannot be selected.
A Vitals determination is canceled
if the BP determination
is canceled.
. A Vitals determination can be canceled by pressing either
the AUTO BP or START/STOP key.
l
freeze period, SpO, monitoring and
alarms are suspended.
During the 2 minute
Clear
Selection of this button halts measurements and returns the
user to the Main menu.
Note: If the SpO, plethysmograph is displayed on the LCD,
the waveform pauses for 2 minutes or until the Clear button is
selected. SpO,values are also retained the same manner as
the BP and Temperature values.
Print
Selection of this button causes the current data to be printed.
Notes
l
The Print button appears only when Print is set to Manual
mode.
. If the printer is in Auto print mode, the data will be printed
automatically.
More... Button
Selection of this button displays the More... menu. The More...
menu has six options (depending on model of Monitor), most of
which have submenus. For this reason, instructions for the More...
button are in a separate section.
Set BP Button (UK: BP Mode)
Selection of this button displays the Auto, Stat, and Manual BP menu.
Auto BP
Manual
Tgt Pressure
Auto
Selection of this option starts an Auto BP determination. When
Auto Mode is selected, a number at the right of the Auto button
indicates the time interval between each reading. To change the
time interval, choose the box around the number and turn the
rotor until the desired interval is reached. The interval can be set
between 1 and 120 minutes (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45,
60, 90, and 120 minutes). Press the rotor to confirm the setting.
After power-off, the operating mode returns to the default setting
of Manual. The default setting of Manual can be overridden to
return to the previous user-selected setting (Auto or Manual) by
selecting Set BP under the Service menu. To cancel an Auto BP
determination, select the Manual button in the Set
BP (UK: BP
Mode) menu.
Manual
Selection of this option starts a Manual BP determination. After
power-off, the operating mode returns to the default setting of
Manual. The default setting of Manual can be overridden to
return to the previous user-selected setting (Auto or Manual) by
selecting Set BP under the Service menu.
48 -
B Using the Menu System
Tgt Pressure
Selection of this option allows the user to set the
BP target
inflation pressure. The initial target pressure can be set
between 100 and 250 mmHg in 5 mmHg increments. The
factory default is 160 mmHg for adults and 110 for
neonates. (This is indicated by “AUTO” at the end of
adjustable range.) When using a neonate blood pressure cuff,
if the target pressure is set to greater than 140 mmHg under
the Set BP or Clinical menu, the Monitor automatically
defaults to a target pressure of 110 mmHg. If the target
pressure is set between 100 and 140 mmHg, then that setting
is the target pressure that will be used. When the target
pressure is changed, the next determination will use the new
target inflation value if no systolic is available. Initial target
pressure is restored to the factory default setting after
power-off. The target pressure can be adjusted permanently
in the Clinician menu of the Service mode (refer to “Press”
in the “Using the Menu System” section).
stat
Selection of this option allows the user to start Stat
determinations. When Stat is selected, blood pressure is
determined as many times as possible in 5 minutes.
Note: Alarm limits are disabled while in Stat mode.
Main
Selection of this button returns the user to the Main menu.
Alarms Button
Selection of this button displays the Alarms menu. This
menu is used to adjust the violation limits for
BP, Pulse Rate,
and SpO,. The values and ranges for these parameters are
user may
not stored when the Monitor is turned off. The
edit the limits, but they are restored to the default values
each time the Monitor is switched on. To permanently
change the alarm limits, refer to “Alarms” under “Service
Button” in the “Using the Menu System” section.
SYS
DIA
MAP
cl
130
140
cl
FF
Kl
15
cl
50
cl
cl
Parameter
Systolic High
Systolic Low
Diastolic Hiah
I
/
,
/
BPM
spoz
1 Auto
1
90
/
Default
Range
35
_ 245-.-~..- . . . .._.. _._------180
___. _-30 - 240
j
30
15 - 195
I
.,
J
L
Heart Rate Lo\
SpO2 High
spo2 Low
30 - 245
51-100
50 - 99
I
40
’
Off
90
. A
_,I
IL,
Volume
Selection of this button displays the alarm volume submenu.
The volume range is from 1 to 10, with 10 being the
loudest. The alarm volume is stored when the Monitor is
turned off and restored to the user’s preference each time
the Monitor is switched on. Selection of the Check button
allows the current volume setting to be heard. Selection of
the Main button returns the user to the Main menu.
ALARM VOLUME
I
Main
I
Auto
Selection of this button updates the alarm limits on the LCD
relative to the current parameter values. Pressing this button
will automatically cancel any limit violation alarm that
becomes invalid as a result of a limit change. Alarm limits
are updated as follows:
50
_>
I Using the Menu System
1 Label
Parameter Label
Systolic
Diastolic
j
SYS
DIA
Low Limit
-30
SYS
+30
+30
+30
+5*
DIA
-30
MAP -30
BPM -30
spo2 -5
DIA
MAP
BPM
spo2
MAP
BPM
span
MAP
Heart Rate
span
High Limit
SYS
+30
1
* If the reading plus the limit is greater than the valid range of measurement (e.g.,
is greater than 100% ), the valid range of measurement becomes the limits.
SpO2 +5
Notes
. In no case will the updated alarm limits be set beyond
the valid limits in the preceding table.
l
If no values are available, the limits will remain
unchanged.
Main
Selection of this button returns the
user to the Main menu.
Trend Button
Selection of this button displays the Trend
( Display
1
I
Print All
1
mode menu.
Clear
1
I
Display
Selection of this button allows the operator to view the
trend data.
Note: If the trend data have been lost (e.g., if the clock
settings have been changed), the message “Trend Empty”
will appear instead of the Newer, Older, and Print page
buttons.
TIME SYS DIA
MAP BPM
II:37 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
11~42 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
II:47 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
11:52 _ _ _
___
-__
-__
SpO2 TEMP
_-_
---
Newer and Older. These buttons may be used to move
forward and backward through the recorded data. If no
information is available, these buttons will not appear.
Print oaae. Selection of this button causes the displayed
information to be printed. If no information is available, this
button will not appear.
Main. Selection of this button returns the user to the Main
menu.
Clear
Selection of this button produces an advisory that the trend
will be lost. Choosing Yes will erase the trend memory.
Choosing No will retain the trend memory. This button
disappears from the menu while printing and when Trend is
empty.
Print All
Selection of this button prints all the historical data available.
When selected, this button temporarily changes to Cancel
until the history has completed printing. Once printing is
complete, the Cancel button returns back to the Print All
button. This button disappears from the menu when Trend
is empty.
Main
Selection of this button returns the user to the Main menu.
52 ;;
1 Using the Menu System
Print Button
Selection of this button displays the Print menu.
PRINT MENU
Auto/Man
Pressing this button toggles between Automatic and Manual
Printing modes. The current mode is displayed on Area 3 of
the LCD. The Automatic mode prints the readings after each
determination. The Manual mode, which is the factory
default mode, requires the user to press the Now button to
print the readings.
Now
Selection of this button causes the last readings of the
available parameters to be printed. If no readings are
available, the message “No reading” is printed for that
parameter. An error message appears if there is no paper in
the printer.
His tory
Selection of this button causes the entire contents of the
trend memory to be printed. When selected, this button
temporarily changes to Cancel until the history has
completed printing.
Main
Selection of this button returns the user to the Main menu.
More... Menu
This menu is used to set the various operating modes of the
Monitor.
SpO, Button (Models 300 and 400)
Selection of this button displays the SpOz mode menu,
which is used to set the SpOZ pulse tone volume.
5
Volume
[ Main
1
Volume
The pulse tone volume can be set in the range of Off to 9.
The value Off should be selected
if no pulse tone is desired.
The volume setting is stored when the Monitor is turned off
and is restored to the user’s preference each time the
Monitor is switched on.
Main
Selection of this button
returns the user to the Main menu.
Config Button
Selection of this button displays the Config mode menu,
which allows the Power Save mode and time to be adjusted.
I
Rotor
t
I
Main
I
Pwr Sav (Sleep Mode)
Selection of this button allows the operator to specify the
time, in minutes, that elapses before the Monitor goes into
“sleep” mode (LEDs blanked and LCD displaying values
from LEDs). Sleep mode is available only if the Monitor is
operating from its battery. Sleep mode conserves power
while the Monitor is not in use. Once the Monitor
is in
Sleep mode, the user can return it to normal operation by
touching any button or the rotor.
54
C Using the Menu System
-
POWER SAVE MENU
The Monitor enters Sleep mode only if the following are true:
. No alarm is active
. SpO, is not actively reporting patient statistics
. The keys and rotor have not been used
for the preset
time
The Monitor is running from its battery
No determinations are in progress
The Monitor has been running from the battery
entire preset time
for the
The Monitor awakens from Sleep mode if any of the
following occur:
The rotor is turned or pressed
Any of the keys are pressed
An alarm condition is issued
The battery supply level becomes discharged to a
critical level
A mains or suitable DC supply is connected
An Auto BP or Temp determination starts
An SpO, signal is detected
A BP determination is started through the host
comm
Time
Selection of this button allows the operator to change the
internal time and date of the Monitor.
The clock, which is
maintained by an internal battery after power
down, uses
2Qhour format. The date is in the British format of dd/
mmm/yyyy; however, to avoid confusion the month number
has been substituted with a three-letter abbreviation. Leap
years are calculated automatically.
P
L.
I-*,
55
.;
20 : 21 11
1 , Hour,
,_
, Min
,,
24-Aug-1999
Set , , Day
, , Mon
, ,Year , 1
Accept. Selection of this button produces an advisory to the
user that the trend will be lost when the clock settings are
changed. Choosing Yes will cause the Monitor to accept the
new clock settings and erase the trend memory. Choosing
No will cause the Monitor to retain the existing clock
settings and the trend memory. Either choice returns the
user to the Main menu.
Main Selection of this button returns the user to the Main
d
menu.
Rotor
Selection of this button displays a panel for setting the
volume of the beep that sounds when the rotor is turned.
The range of adjustment is Off (default) to 9, and the setting
is retained when the Monitor is turned off.
ROTOR BEEP
Volume
1 Main
3
1
Main
Selection of this button returns the user to the Main menu.
Display Button
Selection of this button displays the Display mode menu.
This menu is used to specify whether Area 2 of the LCD
will
display SpO, or BP data. If neither SpO, nor 3 NIBP is
selected, Area 2 of the LCD will remain blank except for the
pulse amplitude bar (if Sp02 data are available) and any
error or warning messages that may appear. The Display
mode setting is maintained when the Monitor is switched
off and on.
,
Using the Menu System
SpO2 Pleth
4 X 4
i
SpOz Pleth
When this option is checked and
SpO;! data are available,
the plethysmograph waveform and the pulse amplitude bar
will be displayed.
3 N/BP
When this option is checked, the last 3
NIBP readings will
be displayed. If Sp0~ data is available, the pulse amplitude
bar will also be displayed.
Main
Selection of this button returns the user to the Main menu.
Service Button
Selection of this button displays a keypad that allows the
clinician to access some parts of the Service mode menu.
To access the Clinician menu, use the rotor to select the
numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 sequentially.
Notes
l
l
SpO2 is automatically disabled when entering Service
mode.
Service modes that affect the calibration or alignment
of the instrument are not available to the user. These
modes are described in the Service Manual.
*
___*’
Clinician Menu
.>I
i
_I
.r’
Press. Selection of this button displays a panel for setting the
default BP target inflation pressure. Adjusting the default target
pressure will automatically update the current inflation target
pressure and will be used for the next reading.
The range of
adjustment is 100 mmHg to 180 mmHg, and the setting is
retained when the Monitor is turned off.
The initial target pressure can be set between 100 and 180
mmHg in 5 mmHg increments. The factory default is 160 mmHg
for adults and 110 for neonates. This is indicated by the “AUTO”
label at the end of the adjustable range. When the target pressure
is changed, the next determination will use the new target inflation
value if no systolic is available. When adjusted under the Clinician
menu of the Service mode, the target pressure is adjusted
permanently.
TARGET PRESSURE
100
Default
i
OK. Selection of this button returns the user to the Clinician
menu.
Temp. Selection of this button displays the temperature
submenu, which allows the user to choose the temperature
label. When C (Celsius) is selected, the “C indicator lights. When
F (Fahrenheit) is selected, the “F indicator lights.
58
_.A
-i
..,
Using the Menu System
I
OK
t
C or F. Selection of this button toggles the temperature display
between Celsius and Fahrenheit and produces an advisory that the
trend will be lost. Choosing Yes will cause the Monitor to accept
the new temperature label and erase the trend memory. Choosing
No will cause the Monitor to retain the existing temperature label
and the trend memory.
TREND WILL BE LOST
OK. Selection of this button returns the user to the Clinician menu.
Info. Selection of this button causes the most recent calibration
OK returns
date of the NIBP system to be displayed. Selection of
the user to the Clinician menu.
Last Calibration
NIBP 14-Jul-1999
OK. Selection of this button returns the user to the Clinician menu.
More.... Selection of this button displays the More... menu, which
allows the user to permanently change default mode settings.
Trend. Selection of this button displays the message:
Automatically clear trend on power-up? Selection of Yes
overrides the default setting by clearing all trends on power-up and
returns the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of No retains
the default setting by saving all trends after power-off and returns
the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of Cancel returns the
user to the More... menu.
Print. Selection of this button displays the message: Restore Print
mode on power-up? Selection of Yes restores the Print mode to
the default setting (previous user-selected mode) after power-off
and returns the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of No
restores the Print mode to the Manual mode after power-off and
returns the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of
Cancel
returns the Monitor to the More... menu.
Set BP. Selection of this button displays the message: Restore BP
mode on power-up? Selection of Yes restores the BP mode to
previous user-selected mode after power-off and returns the
Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of No restores the BP
mode to the default setting of Manual after power-off and returns
the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of Cancel returns the
Monitor to the More... menu.
A/arms. Selection of this button displays the message: Enter alarm
configuration mode? Selection of No returns the Monitor to the
More... menu. Selection of Yes brings up the Alarms menu.
Selection of Reset changes all alarm limits back to the factory
defaults and returns the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of
Save permanently saves the user-selected alarm limits and returns
the Monitor to the More... menu. Selection of Cancel returns the
Monitor to the More... menu.
SYS
DIA
MAP BPM
60
_.
k Using the Menu System
Main. Selection of this button returns the user to the Main menu.
Silence. Selection of this button will cause all alarms except the
FAILSAFE alarm to be muted. A confirmation menu will appear in
Area 2 of the LED. Selection of either Yes or No returns the user to
the Clinician mode menu. If silence is confirmed, the Alarm Silence
button (26) illuminates and alarms are permanently muted.
If
silence is not confirmed, the alarm will be audible.
Caution: Alarms will be muted until either the Monitor is
switched off and on again or the Alarm Silence button (26) is
pressed.
Confirm silence
Main Selection of this button returns the user to
-*
the Main menu.
Error and Warning Messages
The error panel appears in Area 2 of the LCD and indicates the
error and its code, if it has one. In this example, a limit violation
alarm (which has no error code) has occurred. A list of alarm
error messages and their codes is in Appendix B.
HIGH SYSTOLIC
_
,
,’
j
pi-1
L
.I
Alarm conditions are addressed in two ways: the Alarms button
and OK button.
Alarms Button
Selection of this button takes the user to the Alarms menu,
where the alarm limits can be adjusted. This button is available
only when a parameter alarm limit has been violated.
.i
OK Button
Selection of this button acknowledges the error. The Monitor
clears the identified error and then returns the user to the Main
menu.
i
62
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Hz
Cuff Pressure Range
(Normal operating range)
0 to 290 mmHg (adult)
0 to 140 mmHg (neonate)
Default Target: Cuff Inflation
160 f 15 mmHg (adult)
110 + 15 mmHg (neonate)
Target Cuff Inflation:
Adjustment Range
(in 5 mmHg increments)
100 to 250 mmHg (adult)
100 to 140 mmHg (neonate)
Blood Pressure Measurement
Systolic
Range (mmHg)
Adult
30-245
Neonate
40-140
Blood Pressure Accuracy
MAP
15-215
30-115
Diastolic
10 -195
20 -100
Meets or exceeds ANSI/
AAMI standard SP-10
(mean error <5 mmHg,
standard deviation 18
mmHg)
Maximum Determination Time
120 s (adult)
85 s (neonate)
Overpressure Cutoff
300 to 330 mmHg (adult)
150 to 165 mmHg (neonate)
Pulse Rate Range
30 to 200 beats/min (adult)
30 to 200 beats/min (neonate)
Pulse Rate Accuracy
I!I 3.5%
IVAC* Temoeraturq
Scale
Range
Predictive mode
*IVAC is a trademark of
“Fahrenheit (F)
“Celsius (C)
Max: 42.2’ C; 108.0” F
Min: 3 1.6” C; 88.9” F
ALARIS Medical Systems
Max: 42.2” C; 108.0” F
Monitor mode
Min: 26.7” C; 80.0” F
&O.l”C
+ 0.2” F (when tested in a
calibrated liquid bath; meets
Monitor mode accuracy
ASTM El 112, Table 1, in
range specified)
1
Predictive mode accuracy
+ 1 .O” F
3~ 0.6” C
Determination time
less than 60 seconds
Use only IVAC probes and probe covers. The size, shape, and thermal
characteristics of the probe covers can affect the performance of the
instrument. Inaccurate readings or retention problems may occur unless
IVAC probes and probe covers are used. Refer to Appendix D for
reorder codes.
Functional Oxygen Saturation:
Range
Accuracy
Adult Accuracv (70%
NELLCOR Sensor
0 to 100%
0 to 69%: unspecified
- 100%)
OXICLIQ-P pediatric sensor
OXICLIQ-I infant sensor
OXICLIQ-A adult sensor
OXICLIQ-N neonatal/adult sensor
OXIBAND pediatric/infant sensor
OXIBAND adult/neonatal sensor
DURA-Y ear clip
REFLECTANCE sensor
DURASENSOR adult
PEDI-CHECK pediatric spot-check clip
OXISENSOR II D-20 pediatric sensor
OXISENSOR II D-25 adult sensor
OXISENSOR II N-25 neonatal/adult sensor
OXISENSOR II l-20 infant sensor
OXISENSOR II D-25L adult sensor, long cable
Accuracv
2.5 digits
2.5 digits
2.5
2.5
3.0
3.0
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
digits
Appendix A
OXISENSOR R-l 5 adult nasal sensor*
*Accuracy: 80% to 100%; 0 to 79%: unspecified.
3.5 digits
Neonatal Accuracv (70% - 100%)
When sensors are used on neonatal subjects as recommended,
the specified accuracy range is increased by +_l digit to account
for the theoretical effect on oximeter measurements of fetal
hemoglobin in neonatal blood (e.g.,
N-25 accuracy on neonates
is +3, rather than +2).
Note: Refer to NEI_I_COR’s sensor specifications.
Pulse Rate Range
Accuracy
30 to 250 beats/min
f3 beats/min
Audible Indicator
Pitch changes with
saturation; volume
selectable from 0 (off) to 9
Waveforms
Pulse plethysmograph
waveform on LCD gain
compensated
Sensor Connect/
Disconnect From Patient
Monitor will detect
attachment or
disconnection of sensor
from patient within 15 s
Pulse Detection
Monitor will detect pulse
or enter no signal state
within 15 s of being
attached to patient
Loss of Pulse
Monitor will detect loss of
pulse from patient and enter
no signal state within 10 s
Sensor Light Source
Wavelength
Infrared: 920 nm (nominal)
Red: 660 nm (nominal)
Power Dissipation
Infrared: 22.5 mW (max)
Red: 30 mW (max)
Dimensions
_I*
Height: 9.8 in (25.0 cm)
Width: 9.8 in (24.8 cm)
Depth: 6.9 in (17.5 cm)
Weight, Including Battery
7.8 lb (3.5 kg)
Mountings
Self-supporting on rubber
feet or pole mountable
Portability
Carried by recessed
handle or pole mounted
I
>.
,
,
_>
_,
Mode of operation:
continuous
Degree of protection
against harmful ingress of
water: Drip-proof IPXl
Classification Information
.
Power Rewemen&
AC input voltage: loo-240 VAC,
50 / 60 Hz (nominal)
90 - 253 VAC, 47 - 63 Hz (range),
SOVA.
Protection against electrical
shock: Class 1
DC input voltage: 24
VDC
(nominal), 12-30 VDC, 36VA,
supplied from a source conforming
to IEC 601-l.
AC input is protected by two
internal fuses, replaceable by
qualified service personnel only.
DC
input line is protected by an internal
auto-resetting fuse.
Battery: 12 volt, 2.3 amp- hours
protected by internal auto-resetting
fuse.
Minimum operation time:
2 hrs (5 min cycle with adult cuff at
25 “C with power save mode
66
Appendix A
enabled) from full charge. Time
for full recharge: 1 hr 50 min
from full discharge when the
Monitor is switched off and 8
hrs when the Monitor is
switched on.
nvlronmental
+ 5 “C to + 40 “C
(+ 41 “F to + 104 “F)
Operating Temperature
Operating Atmospheric Pressure 700
hPa to 1060 hPa
- 20 “C to + 50 “C
(- 4 “F to -I- 122 “F)
Storage Temperature
Storage/Transportation
Atmospheric Pressure
500 hPa to 1060 hPa
Humidity Range
0% to 95% noncondensing
Radio Frequency
Complies with IEC
Publication 601-l-2 (April
1993) Medical Electrical
Equipment, Electromagnetic
Compatibility Requirements
and Tests and CISPR 11
(Group 1, Class A) for
radiated and conducted
emissions.
The DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor is protected
IPXI
against vertically falling drops of water and
conforms with the IEC 529 standard at
level of IPXl. No harmful effects will come
of vertically falling drops of water making
contact with the Monitor.
67
Appendix B
Alarm Codes
All alarm indications are accompanied by an audible signal
unless Alarm Silence is selected.
A microprocessor system failure will generate a high-pitched
audible alarm regardless of the setting of the Alarm Silence
switch.
There are three categories of alarms: patient alarms, system
alarms, and failsafe alarm.
Patient Alarms
Patient alarms include those alarms issued when the
patient’s systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, pulse rate, or
oxygen saturation is outside the set limits. Whenever one
of these conditions occurs, the associated display
(SYSTOLIC, MAP, DIASTOLIC, PULSE, or
SpO,) will flash
the most recent reading and an audible alarm will be issued.
Pressing the Alarm Silence switch (causing the integral LED
to be lit) silences the audible alarm for 2 minutes, but the
alarm display reading and SILENCE LED indicator will
continue to flash at the same rate.
System Alarms
System alarms alert the operator to certain abnormal
conditions or internal system failures. Pressing the rotor
cancels the alarm information box which is displayed on the
LCD. Codes for different procedural and system alarms are
on the next page.
Failsafe Alarm
The failsafe alarm, which is the most powerful alarm of the
PRO Monitor, indicates a serious failure of the Monitor.
This alarm occurs immediately upon any failure of a self-test
and indicates system failure. When the failsafe alarm occurs,
the Monitor disables all features to ensure patient safety.
7
-.
7.
69
Hierarchy of Alarms
Alarms in the
DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor are in three priority
levels. They are:
Alarm
Failsafe
Patient and system
Low battery
Priority Level
1
2 (High priority alarm)
3
other
alarm. Priority 2 alarms will override only the low battery
alarm. The low battery alarm will not override any other
alarm.
The Priority 1 alarm (i.e., Failsafe) will override any
70 -
Audible Tone
and Volume
2 minutes
silence
Effect of
Alarm Silence
Switch
Clear
Clear
Effect of
Clear via
SelectKno b
Determinati
minutes. Mo
One cuff pre
minute. Mot
Unable to m
determinatio
insufficient
Procedural and Error Alarm Codes
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
2 minutes
silence
Clear
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
2 minutes
silence
Clear
Clear
Overpressu
Inflation tim
or air leak d
%%!?%&e
..
fl~~:~tes
Prob
N99 No
change NIBP FAILED
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
2 minutes
silence
LCD Display
N99
N55 No
change TIMEOUT: PRESS
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
LED
Alarm
Code Display
N55
N44 No
change TIMEOUT: TOTAL
PRESSURE
INFLT
N44
NO0 OVER
N33 No
change TIMEOUT:
zknge
I
N33
NO0
adjustable
No
Code
PO0
P55
4larm
Code
Values
zeroed
No
change
No
change
NO
Ehange
LED
Display
E33 TEMP: FAIL
SpO, CABLE?
SPO,
PLACEMENT?
PO0 NO SpO, SENSOR
‘55 ;pO, NO SIGNAL
LCD Description
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
High priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
Audible Tone
and Volume
2 minutes
silence
2 minutes
silence
2 minutes
silence
2 minutes
;ilence
2 minutes
;ilence
Effect of
4larm Silence
Switch
Clear
Clear
Clear
Clear
Zlear
Effect of
Clear via
SelectKnob
Temperature p
connected or
SpO, sensor o
possibly defec
not connected
SpO, signal w
Sensor failure
SpO, sensor n
No sensor co
Sensor failure
No or very lo
Check or repo
Procedural and Error Alarm Codes (cont.)
No
Code
No
change
2 minutes
silence
.
E33
High Priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
Clear
Predictive tem
exceeds uppe
Predictive tem
determination
attempting ax
Probab
EOO
EOO TEMP: FAIL
2 minutes
silence
Clear
No
change
HIGH TEMP
Blank
High Priority
alarm. Volume
2dj$ahIe
No
Code
LCD Description
2 minutes
silence
Effect of
Alarm Silence
Switch
No effect
No effect
Effect of
Clear via
SelectKno b
Paper ran ou
door open
Replace or re
NIBP measu
Replace or re
From onset o
measuremen
Beep rate inc
as battery dis
Procedural and Error Alarm Codes (cont.)
LED
Alarm
Code Display
3 beeps every
10 seconds,
adjustable
volume
No effect
Clear
NIBP RANGE
ERROR
High Priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
No effect
Proba
No No
Code Change
LOW BATTERY,
Flashing
battery icon
Steady tone,
maximum
volume
2 minutes
silence
NIBP algorith
value outside
accuracy ran
Values
No
Code Posted
Steady tone,
maximum
volume
Audible Tone
and Volume
,“,z, Blank
LOW BATTERY SYSTEM
DISABLED
High Priority
alarm. Volume
adjustable
Clear
Internal syste
Blank
Error code,
description
PRINTER No No
Code Change NO PAPER
2 minutes
silence
No effect
3ther:
N, P,
E, 1, S
Appendix C
Principles of Noninvasive Blood Pressure
Determination
The oscillometric method of determining BP is
accomplished by a sensitive transducer which measures cuff
pressure and minute pressure oscillations within the cuff.
The first determination sequence initially pumps up to a cuff
pressure of about 160 mmHg for adult/pediatric patients, or
1 10 mmHg for neonates depending on the initial target
pressure preset. After inflating the cuff, the Monitor begins
to deflate it and measures systolic pressure, mean pressure,
and diastolic pressure. When the diastolic pressure has been
determined, the Monitor finishes deflating the cuff and
updates the systolic, diastolic, and MAP displays on the
front panel.
The Monitor deflates the cuff one step each time it detects
two pulsations of relatively equal amplitude. The time
between deflation steps depends on the frequency of these
matched pulses (pulse rate of the patient). However, if the
Monitor is unable to find any pulse within several seconds,
it will deflate to the next step. The process of finding two
matched pulses at each step provides artifact rejection due
to patient movement and greatly enhances the accuracy of
the Monitor. The figure shows the BP determination
sequence.
OSCILLATION
t
1
TIME
BP
Determination Sequence
75
-1
‘al3h3 8ugeJadO 3!seg ayl s~oys aJn%j aql ‘(ap0~U
(enuew) uoya~~a)u! Jo)eJado JO (ap0~1 O$r’I\d) ~LIJ!] al3b
i3l# nq paJXj4P S! ‘3pOl.U 0) i3pOUJ LUOJ4 Sa!JPA Y3!YM ‘Xll!~
qeM -au_q l!eM pue %uJ!~ uoyenlem ‘auq uo!3eljap ‘auy
uo!yel4u! :s]Jed moj 40 pasoduro3 s! al3A3 $$eJadO ayl
*sAelds!p laued 1~0~4 aye salepdn pue
‘elep paJO]S ay$ SaZ/i(eUe ‘(aJnssaJd pa]Xlap OJaZ 01) #-I3
a41 Sa)el4ap Uaq] JO)!UOW ayl ‘8#ULll L MOlaq SIIej a.mssaJd
Hn3 le303 JO pau!lu~a]ap s! aJnSSaJd mloJse!p I!gun sanuguo:,
uog~ajap aslnd payxeur pue uo!leljap paddaIs ayl xaslnd
ayssamns uaamjaq awg ayl pue ‘apnj!ldLue aslnd payweLu
---.--q ‘amswd jjm sa.ioy~ rossa3oJdo+u aye dais y3ea l\d
Appendix C
absence of a systolic value, stop deflation, reinflate to a
higher (than initial) inflation pressure (290 mmHg
maximum), and resume normal deflation sequence. This
additional inflation will occur only once per determination.
If a previous valid systolic pressure is displayed, and the new
systolic pressure oscillations are compared with the
previous valid determination and the Monitor “thinks” that
the systolic was not obtained, the Monitor will inflate the
cuff to a pressure of an additional 50 mmHg above the
immediately preceding inflation. This additional inflation will
occur only once per determination.
Do not use the auscultatory method to verify the accuracy
of the Monitor. Because of differences in technique and
technology, values may differ. The DINAMAP@ Technology
of the PRO Monitor compares
BP values to an invasive
arterial BP measurement technology.
The auscultatory
method uses audible sounds heard through a stethoscope
and determines BP by the corresponding height of a
column of mercury.
Invasive pressure monitoring directly measures the pressure
exerted on a transducer and displays this pressure as a
value. Noninvasive blood pressure monitoring is dependent
on the flow of blood through the peripheral circulation.
77
-1
Appendix D
Compatibility Table and Reorder Codes
Description of Compatible Parts
Code
2500
SOFT-CUP”, Infant
2501
SOFT-CUFT”, Child
2502
SOFT-CUFT”, Small Adult
2503
SOFT-CUFT”, Adult
2504
SOFT-CUP”, Large Adult
2505
SOFT-CUP”, Thigh
2521
SOFT-CUP”, Neonatal Type 1
2422
SOFT-CU FT”, Neonatal Type 2
2523
SOFT-CUp”, Neonatal Type 3
2524
SOFT-CUP”, Neonatal Type 4
2525
SOFT-CUP”, Neonatal Type 5
2783
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Infant
2781
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Child
2779
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Small Adult
2774
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Adult
2791
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Large Adult
2796
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Thigh
2699
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Assortment Cuff Pack
2697
DURA-CUF@ Cuff, Child Pack
CLASSIC-CUFC”, Infant
2618
CLASSIC-CIJp”, Child
2613
CLASSIC-CUP”, Small Adult
2608
CLASSIC-CIJp”, Adult
2603
2643
CLASSIC-CU f M, Large Adult
CLASSIC-CUFT”, Thigh
2648
CLASSIC-CUp”, Neonatal Type 1
2638
CLASSIC-CUp”, Neonatal Type 2
2633
CLASSIC-CUFT”, Neonatal Type 3
2628
CLASSIC-CUp”, Neonatal Type 4
2623
CLASSIC-CIJFC”, Neonatal Type 5
2619
12 Foot (approx. 3.7 m) Long Adult / Pediatric Hose
107365
24 Foot (approx. 7.3 m) Long Adult / Pediatric Hose
107366
12 Foot (approx. 3.7 m) Long Neonatal Hose
107368
12 Foot (approx. 3.7 m) Long A/P Hose Quick Discon. 88847
IVAC** Oral Temperature Probe
088012
IVAC** Rectal Temperature Probe
088013
IVAC** Temperature Probe Covers
088015
DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor Operation Manual
776995’
DINAMAP@ PRO Monitor Service Manual
*PRO Monitor unique parts
**IVAC is a trademark of ALAR6 Medcial Systems
777105’
633132
3210
3211
621262’
089 1 00*
316579
SCPl o*
DSlOOA
320246
12 Volt Lead Acid Battery
Accessory Pole/Basket
Accessory Base
Power Converter
Printer Paper (box of 10)
Power Cable
NELLCOR SpOz Extension Cable
NELLCOR Finger Sensor
BP Cal Kit
*PRO Monitor unique parts
NELLCOR is a trademark of Mallickrodt,
Inc.
LIMB
CIRCUMFERENCE
REFERENCE
NUMBER
#l
3 cm - 6 cm
252112638
#2
4 cm - 8 cm
2422/2633
#3
6cm-11 cm
252312628
#4
7cm-13cm
2524/2623
#5
8cm-15cm
252512619
NEONATAL
CUFF TYPE
ADULT/PEDIATRIC
LIMB
CUFF TYPE
CIRCUMFERENCE
USE WITH HOSE
NO.
107368 Teal Green,
Neonatal, 12 ft (366
REFERENCE NUMBER
Infant
8cm-13cm
2703/2500/2618
Child
l2cm-19cm
2781/2501/2613
Small Adult
17cm-25cm
2779/2502/2608/2607
Adult
23 cm-33cm
2774/2503/2603/2602
Large Adult
31 cm-40cm
2791/2504/2643/2642
Thigh
38cm-50cm
2796/2505/2648
cm)
USE WITH HOSE
NO.
107365 Adult 12 ft
(366 cm) Air Hose
Gray (made with
Clippard screw
connectors at cuff
end)
or
107366 Adult 24 ft
(732 cm) Air Hose
Gray (made with
Clippard screw
connectors at cuff
end)
or
88847 Long A/P
12 ft (366 cm) Air
Hose (quick
disconnect)
Appendix F
Maintenance
Cleaning the Monitor
The Monitor and accessories are to be kept clean and
used
according to the instructions provided here and
in the
Service Manual.
The exterior of the Monitor may be wiped clean with a soft
cloth slightly dampened with mild detergents. The Monitor
and accessories should be inspected once yearly for wear
and damage.
Do not immerse unit.
l
. Do not clean with isopropyl alcohol or other solvents.
Do not immerse hoses.
l
Cuff Cleaning and Disinfection
General
The cuff must be thoroughly cleaned with the specified
detergent before reuse. The additional use of household
bleach as described below provides at least intermediatelevel disinfection.
. Apply cuff hose plugs before cleaning.
The following cleansing procedure was repeated 20
times on DURA-CUF@Blood Pressure Cuffs and once on
SOFT-CUF@ Blood Pressure Cuffs without affecting the
performance of the cuff.
l
While this procedure is adequate for cleaning/
disinfection, it may not remove all stains.
. Do
not immerse hoses.
. Do nof immerse cuffs without prior application of cuff
hose caps.
Materials
l
l
l
,-
K
*Trademark
Enzymatic detergent such as ENZOL* enzymatic
detergent (US) or Cidezyme* enzymatic detergent (UK)
Distilled water
10% solution of household bleach (5.25% sodium
hypochlorite) in distilled water
83
l
Soft cloths and soft-bristled brushes
- Spray bottles
Procedure
1. Prepare the enzymatic detergent according to the
manufacturer’s instructions and the 10% bleach solution,
in separate spray bottles.
2. Spray the detergent liberally on device. If the material is
dried on, allow the cuff to sit for 1 minute. For soil on
the soft part of the closure or the cuff itself,
wipe the
material off with a soft cloth. For persistent
contamination on the soft part of the closure, use a softbristled brush to loosen particles. Rinse with copious
amounts of distilled water. Repeat until no visible
contamination remains. For soil on the hook part of the
closure, use a soft-bristled brush to remove the material,
and rinse with copious amounts of distilled water. Repeat
until no visible contamination remains.
3. Spray the 10% bleach solution on the affected area until
the area is saturated. Allow the cuff to sit for 5 minutes.
4. Wipe away any excess solution and rinse the cuff again
with distilled water. Allow 2 hours for drying.
.,/:
.I
.:
I
. .,
./,
II
,I
.
,*
i
_.
The user has the responsibility to validate any deviations
from the recommended method of cleaning and
disinfection.
For additional information on infection control procedures,
contact Critikon Technical Support.
Temperature Devices
Do not immerse predictive temperature probes. The probe
may be cleaned with an alcohol solution. Use a cloth or
sponge-just damp, not wet-and avoid getting any liquid
into the interior of the probe.
SpO, Sensors
Adhesive sensors are sterile and for single use only.
Reusable sensors should be cleaned before reuse
with a
70% alcohol solution. Do not immerse the
sensor
completely in water, solvents, or cleaning solutions
(because the connector is not waterproof). Do not sterilize
the sensor by irradiation, steam, or ethylene oxide. If
84 1-i
Appendix F
disposable sensors or their packaging are damaged, they
must be disposed of as advised
in Appendix F.
Storage and Battery Care
If it becomes necessary to store the Monitor for an
extended period of time, first fully charge then remove the
battery. Then store the Monitor and the battery
in the
original packaging materials.
Batteries should always be fully charged before being
placed in storage. Even after 6 months of storage, a fully
charged battery can retain about 80% of its charge. A fully
charged battery in good condition will provide sufficient
power to operate a Monitor for approximately 2 hours,
including temperature and BP measurements made at
S-minute intervals.
It is best to keep the battery charged as fully as practical
and never store the Monitor with the battery
in a discharged
condition. When the battery will no longer hold a charge,
remove and replace it with one of the same part number.
Failure to replace the battery with the same Critikon part
number may result in shorter battery life.
To charge the battery, insert the plug from either the AC
mains power cord or the AC-DC power converter into an
appropriate AC outlet. The battery will charge regardless of
the position of any switches.
Battery charging will take place as
long as the Monitor
remains connected to an external AC power source. A
battery that is fully discharged can be fully recharged in
hour 50 minutes when the Monitor is switched
off or 8
1
hours if the Monitor is switched on.
Cautions
. To ensure that the battery will be ready for portable
operation, keep the Monitor connected to a mains
supply whenever possible.
. Repeated failure to fully charge the battery will result
in a significant reduction in battery life.
l
The expected lifetime of the battery largely depends on
the way in which the Monitor is used. If the battery is
allowed to completely discharge before being fully
recharged, the battery should survive around 200
recharge cycles. If the battery is used in such a way that
it never becomes more than one third discharged and is
fully recharged whenever possible, it can survive up to
1200 cycles. This means that by thoughtful usage, the
lifetime of the battery can be extended up to six times.
Replacement batteries may be obtained from Critikon.
Note: The replacement part number of the battery is 63313.
Do not use other types.
Fuses
The Monitor contains five fuses. Two AC line input fuses are
mounted internally and are replaceable only by qualified
service personnel. The remaining three fuses are autoresetable and mounted within the Monitor. These fuses
protect the low voltage DC input, the battery, and the
+5 V
output on the host port connector.
Calibration
Calibration of the BP parameter should be checked at least
once a year or when there is doubt about the validity of the
readings.
..
Leak Testing
A leak test of the BP parameter should be performed at least
once a year or when there is doubt about the validity of the
pressure readings.
Caution: Refer calibration and leak testing to qualified
service personnel. Full calibration details are available in the
DINAMAP PRO Monitor Service Manual, available from
Critikon.
Disposal of Product Waste
As you use the PRO Monitor, you will accumulate solid wastes
that require proper disposal or recycling. These include
batteries, patient applied parts, and packaging material.
._
86 ._
Appendix F
Batteries
Caution: Do not incinerate batteries.
The sealed, rechargeable backup battery contains lead and
can be recycled. The rechargeable memory battery is of
the Nickel Metal Hydride form. Discharge this battery prior
to disposal. Place the battery in packaging which
electrically isolates its contents. Do not puncture or place
the battery in a trash compactor. Do not incinerate the
battery or expose it to fire or high temperatures. Dispose in
accordance with regional body controlled guideline.
Patient Applied Parts
Certain patient applied parts, such as those with adhesive
(disposable SpO, sensors), are intended for single use and
should be disposed of properly as medical waste in
accordance with regional body controlled guideline.
Other patient applied parts, such as blood pressure cuffs,
should be cleaned according to instructions. Inspect
reusable applied parts for wear, replace as necessary, and
dispose of used product as medical waste in accordance
with regional body controlled guideline.
Packaging Material
Retain original packaging materials for future use in storing
or shipping the Monitor and accessories. This
recommendation includes corrugated shippers and inserts.
Whenever possible recycle the packaging of accessories
and patient applied parts.
87