Daewoo | KOR-63F7 | Technical data | Daewoo KOR-63F7 Technical data

Quality with Style
Swift Caravans 2005
Owner’s handbook
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
DEAR OWNER,
THANK YOU FOR DECIDING TO BUY ONE
OF OUR NEW CARAVANS. WE ARE SURE
YOU WILL ENJOY MANY HAPPY HOURS
IN IT AND WE HOPE THE INFORMATION
AND HINTS IN THIS HANDBOOK WILL
HEIGHTEN YOUR ENJOYMENT.
THE HANDBOOK HAS BEEN DESIGNED
TO GIVE YOU A GENERAL GUIDE TO THE
CARE, USE AND MAINTENANCE OF YOUR
CARAVAN. WHETHER YOU ARE A NEW OR
AN EXPERIENCED CARAVANNER THE
HINTS WILL HELP TO PROTECT YOUR
INVESTMENT.
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED WILL
ANSWER MOST OF YOUR QUERIES, BUT
IF THERE ARE ANY ASPECTS WHICH ARE
NOT COVERED PLEASE CONSULT YOUR
APPOINTED DEALER.
HAPPY CARAVANNING!
The Towing Code
Safety and Security
Services
Electrical Equipment
Fitted Equipment
Maintenance
CONTENTS
General Data
THE
TOWING
CODE
The Caravan Towing Code ...................................................... 2
Scope of the Code ................................................................. 2
Caravan Terms .......................................................................... 2
Weights .................................................................................. 2
Towing Vehicle Terms .............................................................. 3
Weights .................................................................................. 3
Measurement of Noseweight .................................................. 4
Type of Driving Licence Held ....................................................4
Glossary & Checklist ................................................................ 4
Preparing for the Road ............................................................ 7
Checklist ................................................................................ 7
Loading & Distribution ........................................................... 7
Stability .................................................................................. 8
Pre-tow Checklist ................................................................. 10
Moving Off ............................................................................... 15
Reversing ................................................................................ 15
Speed Limits ........................................................................... 15
Caravan Handling ................................................................... 15
Motorway Driving ................................................................... 16
Changing a Wheel .................................................................. 16
Jacking Points ........................................................................ 16
Stopping on a Hill ................................................................... 17
Arrival on Site ......................................................................... 17
The Towing Code
THE CARAVAN TOWING CODE
This Code of Practice contains
recommendations jointly reviewed and
agreed by the following organisations:
The
The
The
The
The
National Caravan Council
Caravan Club
Camping and Caravanning Club
Caravan Writers Guild
Department of Transport
Scope of the Code
The Code applies to all trailer caravans of
maximum laden weight not exceeding
3500 kg (7,700 lbs), overall width not
exceeding 2.3m (7ft 6in approximately) and
overall length not exceeding 7m (23ft
approximately), excluding the drawbar and
coupling.
This is legally the maximum size of trailer
that can be towed by a motor vehicle with a
maximum gross weight of less than 3500 kg.
CARAVAN TERMS
Mass in Running Order:
The mass of the caravan as stated by the
caravan manufacturer, as new with standard
fixtures and fittings.
Note: Because of differences in the weight
of materials supplied for the construction of
caravans, a tolerance of +2% of the weight
has been allowed in the Mass in Running
Order weight.
2
Maximum User Payload:
The maximum allowable weight to be put
into the caravan whilst it is being towed. This
is made up of 3 sections:
Personal effects, optional equipment and
essential habitation equipment.
The user payload is the difference between
the Maximum Technically Permissible Laden
Mass and the Mass in Running Order.
Essential Habitation Equipment:
Those items and fluids required for safe and
proper functioning of the equipment for
habitation as defined by manufacturer of the
caravan.
Personal Effects:
Those items which a user can choose to
carry in a caravan and which are not
included as Essential Habitation Equipment
or Optional equipment.
Optional Equipment:
Items made available by the manufacturer
over and above the standard specification of
the caravan.
Maximum Technically Permissible Laden
Mass:
The maximum weight for which the caravan
is designed for normal use when being
towed on a road, laden. This mass takes into
account specific operating conditions
including factors such as the strength of
materials, loading capacity of tyres etc.
WARNING: Under no circumstances
should the maximum technically
permissible laden mass of this caravan
be exceeded.
Nose weight:
That part of the static mass of the caravan
supported by the towing device on the rear
of the towing vehicle.
Notes:
(i) When measuring the noseweight it is
important that the caravan is fully
loaded. Do not place extra items
indiscriminately into the caravan after
this adjustment has been made.
(ii) The caravan is intended to be towed
slightly nose heavy. The nose weight
can be adjusted by distribution of the
load within the caravan. The nose
weight should be approximately 7% of
the actual laden weight (but not greater
than the hitch capacity) and at the same
time suit the towing vehicle. See section
on Measurement of Nose Weight.
(iii) It is not recommended that you tow with
just a battery, spare wheel and gas
bottles as this may exceed the the
permitted nose weight. Additional
payload must be placed behind the axle
to compensate for this.
The Towing Code
TOWING VEHICLE TERMS
Kerb weight (Mass of Vehicle in Running
Order):
The weight of the towing vehicle as defined
by the vehicle manufacturer. This is normally
with a full tank of fuel, with an adequate
supply of liquids incidental to the vehicles
propulsion, without driver or passengers,
without any load except loose tools and
equipment with which the vehicle is normally
provided and without any towing bracket.
Caravan to Towing Vehicle Weight Ratio:
The towing vehicle to caravan weight ratio
can be determined by calculation and is
equal to:
actual laden weight of caravan
Kerb weight of towing vehicle
x 100%
THE LAW REQUIRES THAT CARAVANS &
THEIR TOWING VEHICLES & THE LOADS
THEY CARRY MUST BE IN SUCH A
CONDITION THAT NO DANGER OR
NUISANCE IS CAUSED.
(Regulation 100 of the Road and Vehicles
[Construction and Use] Regulations 1986).
YES
NO
85%
MAYBE
EQUAL
Fig. A Car/Caravan Weight Ratios
caravan weighing around 85% of the
kerb weight of the towing vehicle.
Note: Weighbridges have varying weight
tolerance levels.
(b) Above 1500 cc such engines should
manage a caravan weighing up to 100%
of the kerb weight of the towing vehicle
and still give adequate performance.
Maximum Permissible Towing Mass:
The weight defined by the vehicle
manufacturer as being the maximum that
the vehicle is designed to tow.
Note: The towing vehicle manufacturer’s limit
is, in some cases, less than the kerb weight.
Train Weight (Combination Weight):
The maximum combined weight of the
towing vehicle and trailer combination as
specified by the towing vehicle manufacturer.
Power to weight ratio:
No hard and fast rules can be stated but,
here is a general guide.
Vehicles with automatic transmission may
need an oil cooler fitting or the SAE rating of
the gearbox oil increasing when towing. The
advice of the vehicle manufacturer should be
sought.
(a) Conventional petrol engines with a
capacity up to approximately 1500 cc
should be adequate for towing a
Mass in Running Order:
Caravanners can use a public weighbridge to
establish the mass in running order.
3
The Towing Code
lower jockey wheel before entering the
caravan and then raise before measuring
again. (See Loading).
Note: The height of the towball on the
towing vehicle, when laden, is also critical.
430mm
+ 35mm
-
Fig. A Measuring Noseweight
MEASUREMENT OF NOSEWEIGHT
Noseweight may be measured using a
propriety brand of noseweight indicator.
Such equipment is obtainable at your
Caravan Dealer.
Note: These indicators have a varying
tolerance level.
Another simple method is to use bathroom
scales under the coupling head with a piece
of wood, fitted between the coupling head
and the scales, of such length that the
caravan floor is horizontal with the jockey
wheel raised clear of the ground. (Fig. A)
Noseweight can be adjusted simply by
distribution of weights in the caravan. Always
4
TYPE OF DRIVING LICENCE
HELD
In order to be able to tow a caravan a driver
must hold a Category B licence. Those car
drivers who passed their tests prior to 1
January 1997 would have automatically
obtained Category B+E. However, anyone
who passed their test after 1 january 1997
will need to take a further test in order to
obtain a Category B+E if they wish to tow a
car and caravan combination whose train
weight exceeds 3,500kg, or up to 4,250 if
the caravan is less than 750kg or if the
caravan’s Maximum Technically Permissible
Laden Mass exceeds the unladen weight of
the car.
Note: The unladen weight of a car is
normally less than the kerbside weight.
GLOSSARY & CHECKLIST
Awnings - Can consist of just a simple top
sheet but may extend to a five sided frame
tent attached to the side of the caravan.
Fire blanket - approved to BS 6575 is ideal
for dealing with ‘fat pan’ fires.
Fire extinguisher - It is strongly
recommended that a fire extinguisher is
carried in the caravan. (For suitable types
see Safety and Security).
Gas bottles - Bottled L.P. gas is the most
convenient portable source of fuel. Two
bottles are required for a constant supply. An
initial deposit is payable on each cylinder.
We recommend the use of 6kg Propane or
7kg Butane bottles. One position for use and
one for storage only. (For detailed
information see Services - Gas).
Jack - A suitable jack is essential (screw,
scissor, side mounted or air jack type). Many
car jacks are unsuitable.
Levellers - Levellers help level the caravan
from side to side before unhitching.
Proprietary products can be purchased from
your caravan dealer and need to be
positioned as indicated by a spirit level.
Spare Wheel - It is always advisable to carry
a spare wheel with your caravan.
Spirit Level -A spirit level is extremely useful
when siting the caravan.
Stabiliser -Stabilisers help to dampen the
side to side movement of the caravan. One
end fits to the car’s towing bracket and the
other end to the caravan. (See Stability)
The Towing Code
Torque Wrench - A torque wrench is the
only way that the exact recommended
torque can be achieved for wheel nuts and
bolts. (See Preparing for the Road).
Towing Bracket - Never use cheap
alternatives, obtain one manufactured by a
reputable company complying with the
relevant standards.
Any light passenger vehicle registered in the
UK on or after August 1st 1998 (S registered
plate) will require a type approved towbar
and towball (to 94/20/EC). Failure to fit a
homologated towbar and towball could
result in a prosecution and invalidation of
your insurance cover. Always check with
your car manufacturer or towbar
manufacturer if in doubt.
Wooden Blocks - Wooden blocks typically
25cm. square and 2cm. thick are ideal for
placing under corner steadies and jockey
wheel when the ground is uneven or soft.
Water Containers - Two containers are
required, one to carry fresh water to the
caravan and one for waste water, which
needs to be disposed of properly. Several
types are available including jerry cans,
folding cans and wheeled containers.
12N & 12S Sockets - Two sockets
designated 12N and 12S are fitted to your
car to accept corresponding plugs from the
caravan. These are necessary to energise
the road lights and caravan auxiliary circuits
respectively.
12 Volt Battery - A deep cycling, heavy duty
leisure type battery should be purchased to
provide back-up power for lights and other
electrical appliances. (See Battery). The
securing arrangements for the battery
compartment require a leisure battery
complying with EN 60095-2 in particular
those with ledges for fastening to the lower
edge of the long sides and having a
maximum height of 190mm and width of
175mm.
WARNING: Your caravan dealer should
be consulted if additional equipment is
to be fitted as strong points may or may
not be provided in the design.
Note: Fitting additional equipment will
reduce the caravan allowable payload.
5
The Towing Code
Useful memory aid for other items.
Car
Distilled water
External mirrors
Fan belt
Fire extinguisher
Jack
Jump leads
Petrol can
Socket set
Spare bulbs
Spare keys
Spare wheel
Tool kit
Towball cover
Tow rope
Tyre pressure gauge
Warning triangle
Tyre Pump
Caravan
Awning pegs and poles
Awning ground sheet
Battery 12 volt charger
Bucket
Corner steady brace
Corner steady pads
Coupling lock
Door mat
Fire blanket
Fire extinguisher
Fresh water container
Gas cylinder
6
Gas regulator
Jack
Levelling boards
Mallet
Site/caravan mains lead
Spare bulbs
(Mandatory in E.C.)
Spare 12v fuses
Spare gas hose
Spare wheel
Spirit level
Toilet fluid
Waste water container
Wheel brace
Personal
After sun cream
First Aid Kit
Flannels
Hairbrush and comb
Make up. etc.
Raincoats
Toothbrush
Toothpaste
Scissors
Shampoo
Shaving kit
Shoe cleaning kit
Soap
Sun tan oil
Wellington boots
Domestic
Adhesive tape
Air freshener
Aluminium foil
Ashtrays
Bin liners
Binoculars
Bottle opener
Breadboard
Breadbin
Brush and dustpan
Butter dish
Camera and films
Carving knife
Cassette recorder
Chairs
Clock
Clothes brush
Clothes line
Coat hangers
Coffee percolator
Coolbox
Colander
Crockery
Cruet
Corkscrew
Cutlery
Dish cloth and brush
Dusters and polish
Disposable cloths
Egg cups
Electrical extension lead
Floor cloth
Fly spray
Food
Food mixer
Frying pan
Glasses
Grill pan
Jugs
Kettle
Kitchen roll
Kitchen tools
Litter bin
Matches
Measuring jug
Milk jug
Mixing bowl
Needles and thread
Oven gloves
Pegs
Piezo Gas lighter
Potato peeler
Pressure cooker
Radio
Rubbish bin
Salad shaker
Saucepans
Scissors
Sieve
Sugar bowl
Shopping bags
Sleeping bags
Tea pot
Tea strainer
Tea towels
Table cloths
Table mats
Television
Tin opener
Tissues
Toilet paper
Torch
Towels
Toys & Games
Vacuum cleaner
Washing up bowl
Documents
Bail Bonds
(some Euro countries)
Bank and credit cards
Caravan Certificate
Cheque book
CRIS document
Driving licence
Green Card Insurance
(some Euro countries)
Maps and guides
Money
MOT Certificate
Vehicle Registration
Documents
The Towing Code
PREPARING FOR THE ROAD
PRE-LOAD CHECKLIST
Caution: Never enter the caravan without
first lowering the four corner steadies with
the brace provided.
(a)
(b)
(d)
BEFORE LOADING CHECK:
-
loose articles are stowed securely. Do not
stow tins, bottles or heavy items in
overhead lockers prior to towing.
(c)
-
all lockers and cupboard doors are
closed and secured.
Fig. A Loading your caravan
-
all bunks are secure.
-
all rooflights are closed and secured.
-
main table is stored in its transit position.
-
fridge is on 12v operation and door lock
is set.
-
all windows are fully closed and latched.
Never tow with windows on night setting.
Leave all curtains and blinds open to aid
rear visibility.
-
gas cylinders are correctly positioned,
secured and turned off.
-
battery is secure and mains connecting
cable is disconnected and stowed.
-
12v distribution panel selector switch is
set to the van position.
WARNING: Turn off gas appliances
except those heating appliances
designed to function while the vehicle is
in motion.
WARNING: Do not travel with televisions
or microwaves in overhead lockers
unless the appliance was supplied fitted
to your caravan by the manufacturer.
caravan wheel carries approximately the
same weight.
3. Do not load items at the extreme front or
rear since this can lead to instability due
to the ‘pendulum effect’.
4. Load remainder to give a suitable
noseweight at the towing coupling.
Check noseweight.
Note: Do not overload car boot.
LOADING AND DISTRIBUTION OF
WEIGHT IN THE CARAVAN
Do not exceed recommended maximum
loading for your caravan.
1. Load heavy items low down near the
floor and mainly over or just in front of
the axle(s) (Fig. A).
2. Load evenly right to left so that each
Note: Please take care to ensure that you
have allowed for the masses of all items
you intend to carry in the caravan.
WARNING: All heavy and/or voluminous
items (e.g. TV, radio etc) must be stored
securely before travelling.
7
The Towing Code
Sensible Loading:
How to apportion it
LIGHT
Fig. A ITEMS
MEDIUM
ITEMS
HEAVY
ITEMS
Towing vehicle’s rear suspension
It is important that the towing vehicle’s rear
suspension is not deflected excessively by
the noseweight on the tow ball. If it is
excessive the steering and stability will be
affected. (Fig. B)
The greater the towing vehicle’s tail overhang
(the distance between the rear axle and the
tow ball), the greater the effect the
noseweight will have on the towing vehicle’s
rear suspension.
After trying out the caravan it may be found
that a stiffening of the rear suspension is
necessary - but note that this may give the
towing vehicle a firmer ride when not towing.
Fig. B Illustration of excessive deflection of vehicle’s rear suspension
There are a number of suspension aids
available and advice should be sought on
which to use and how to fit. It is important to
ensure that the caravan is towed either level
or slightly nose down.
If you have any doubts about the suitability
of your towbar for towing a caravan consult
the towing bracket manufacturer.
DO NOT exceed the:
• Gross Vehicle Mass (G.V.M. on car plate).
• Maximum Technically Permissible Laden
Mass (M.T.P.L.M.) on the caravan.
• Gross Vehicle Combination Mass
(Train Weight) (G.V.C.M. on car plate).
• Maximum Permissible Towing Mass.
• Vertical Static Load on the caravan
coupling.
• Maximum Vertical Load on the car towball
as specified by towing vehicle
manufacturer.
STABILITY
All our models are of a well balanced design
and should be exceptionally good towers.
Most models have an Al-Ko stabiliser fitted
as standard. The common causes of poor
stability include:
(a) Worn springs or loose spring fixings on
the towing vehicle.
(b) Towing vehicle springs too soft.
(c) Insufficient noseweight.
(d) Nose of caravan is towing too high.
8
The Towing Code
Galvanised steel chassis
Drilling of the galvanised steel chassis will
invalidate the warranty and must not be
done.
Towball
The Al-Ko stabiliser is designed to be used
with a swan neck, fixed or detachable
towball. If you use a 'bolt on type' towball
you may need to replace your towball with a
special extended neck towball.
If you have a bolt on type towball you should
ask your dealer to check clearance around
the towball to allow for the stabiliser to
articulate.
The Al-Ko extended neck towball (available
from your dealer) is approved and marked
with the approval number EC94/20. Failure
to provide enough clearance around the
towball may invalidate your stabiliser
warranty.
Stabiliser Friction Pads
The Al-Ko stabiliser uses 'friction pads'
inside the coupling head to clamp the
towball. These pads must be kept free from
grease and contamination from the towball.
The friction pads should last approximately
50,000km (30,000 miles) under normal use, if
correctly maintained.
Suitable towing vehicles
The caravan is manufactured for towing
behind normal road cars and is not suitable
for towing behind commercial vehicles. It is
strongly recommended that whenever a
caravan is to be towed over rough terrain,
e.g. a farmer’s field or track, great care
should be taken to ensure that no undue
stress is placed upon the caravan via the
hitch mounting, i.e. reduce speed. If in
doubt, please consult the chassis manufacturer and the towing vehicle manufacturer
who will advise. Touring caravans based on
standard Al-Ko chassis can be towed by
four wheel drive off road leisure vehicles
providing the unit is used to tow in a like
manner to a conventional road-going car and
driven in the same considered manner.
Towbar manufacturers should be consulted
before towing an uncompensated twin axle
caravan.
Snaking
This is a term used to denote an unstable
car and caravan combination where the
caravan ‘weaves’ from side to side often
causing a similar swaying movement in the
car itself.
Causes:
i) Unsuitable or unbalanced outfit.
ii) Incorrect loading or weight distribution.
iii) Excessive speed especially downhill.
iv) Side winds.
v) Overtaking.
vi) Being overtaken by a large fast moving
vehicle.
vii) Erratic driving.
viii) Insufficient tyre pressures.
ix) Mixing radial and cross ply tyres.
Cures:
Cases of persistent snaking can be
alleviated by the use of a stabiliser.
On the road
If you do find your outfit snaking, try to keep
the steering wheel in a central position as far
as possible, decelerate and avoid braking if
possible.
OTHER IMPORTANT TOWING
CONSIDERATIONS THAT COULD AFFECT
STABILITY
Types of tyres fitted
The tyres fitted by the manufacturer are
suitable for towing at sustained speeds of up
to 81 mph (130 kph).
Radial and cross ply tyres should never be
mixed. It is dangerous and can cause
snaking.
Periodically tyres should be rotated to
equalise wear in the same manner as car
tyres.
Do not mix four ply/six ply/eight ply tyres on
the same axle.
WARNING: If a wheel or tyre fitted to
a wheel is changed any replacement
must be of the same type of
construction and size.
9
The Towing Code
Tyre tread
The law requires that tyres and pressures
must be suitable for the use to which they
are being put. The minimum tread depth of
both car and caravan tyres must be 1.6mm
throughout a continuous band comprising the
central three quarters of the breadth of tread
and around the entire circumference of the
tyre.
Tyre pressures
Towing vehicle's tyres must be at the
pressures recommended for towing or heavy
loading as stated in handbook not on tyre
wall. Towing stability may otherwise be
affected. The pressures can be found in the
towing vehicle handbook. The caravan tyre
pressures should be as recommended in the
specification details in your handbook.
Note: Although the caravan may be fitted
with the same type of tyre as the towing
vehicle, the pressures specified are different.
All charts show values for cars and are
therefore not applicable for caravans.
Pressures displayed on tyre walls apply
ONLY in North America and Canada.
Wheels
Caravan wheel nuts should be tightened to a
torque of 88Nm (65lb/ft) on steel wheels or
115Nm (85lb/ft) on alloy wheels and should
be checked with the use of a torque wrench
regularly. Only use a spare wheel and tyre of
the type and size provided with you caravan.
10
Fig. A Winding Corner Steady
Wheel Rims
The steel wheel rims are the 5J size
incorporating a double safety hump rim
which conforms to European standards of
safety. The alternative to steel wheel rims are
alloy wheel rims.
If you are in any doubt, have your wheels
checked by a competent tyre supplier.
Fig. B Safety Catch and Handle
PRE-TOW CHECKLIST AND HITCH-UP
Check Gas Locker, Battery Locker and
Cassette Toilet doors are secure.
Check wheelnuts, tyre pressures and tyre
conditions.
Fully raise all four corner steadies. (Fig. A).
Pick up any levelling pads or levelling boards.
Hitch head load capacity
The maximum vertical static load which can
be put upon the hitch head when connected
is 100kg. Please refer to the technical data in
your handbook.
Check rooflights/vents are securely closed.
(But see also vehicle manufacturer’s weight
limits on towball loading.)
An assistant can help in the hitching
operation by standing on the left hand side
of the drawbar (facing rear of car) and
extending an arm horizontally to indicate
Switch off gas supply and change over to
electricity if required.
Lock the caravan exterior door.
The Towing Code
Fig. A Handbrake
position of the coupling. When reversing aim
the towball of the car directly at the caravan
drawbar. Remove towball cover and keep in
car.
Adjust the jockey wheel to ensure the cup is
high enough to slide over the towball.
Fig. B Checking Secure Attachment
Fig. C Connections - 7 pin Plug
when a proper connection has been made.
(See Fig. D)
WARNING: If the green band is showing
when the hitch head is not connected
to the towball there is a fault - contact
your Dealer.
Release caravan handbrake.
Position cup over the ungreased towball,
release and lift forward the large red
stabiliser handle (Fig. B, Page 10), lift forward
the exposed smaller black handle (Fig. B,
Page 10), until it clicks up. The hitch head is
fitted with a visual indicator to show whether
or not it is properly connected to the towball.
A green band will show immediately below
the red indicator button on the hitch head
Adjust jockey wheel to lower cup on to the
ball. A click indicates it is fully engaged. Ensure
black handle has returned to its free position.
Secure caravan handbrake. (Fig. A)
Connect breakaway cable as described on
page 13.
Fig. D Hitch Head Visual Indicator
Ensure that the jockey wheel is fully wound
up and properly located in the slots, then
11
The Towing Code
release the clamp handle, lift the whole unit
as high as possible and retighten the clamp
handle.
12N AND 12S VIEWED FROM REAR OF PLUG
TUBES
PINS
Note: Ensure jockey wheel locates in recess
provided.
Take hold of the caravan under the rubber
gaiter behind the coupling and lift to
ascertain whether the caravan is properly
attached. (Figs. B & D.)
Lock hitch if possible (see Safety and
Security, page 22).
Connect 7 pin plugs to car sockets ensuring
there is enough loose cable for cornering,
(Fig. C) ensuring they wont drag on the
ground.
PINS
STRIPS
12N (BLACK)
TERMINAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
12S (GREY)
12N PLUG
L/H INDICATOR
REAR FOG LAMP
COMMON RETURN (1-7)
R/H INDICATOR
R/H SIDE TAIL & No PLATE LIGHT
STOP LAMP
L/H SIDE TAIL & No PLATE LIGHT
TERMINAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
12S PLUG
REVERSING LIGHT
NO ALLOCATION
NEGATIVE PIN 4
CONTINUOUS POWER SUPPLY
NO ALLOCATION
FRIDGE
RETURN FOR FRIDGE
VOLTA/JEAGER & MULTICON FEDER 13 PIN PLUGS (viewed from rear)
Check all car and caravan roadlights are
working. Check round the caravan for
anything left behind.
Release caravan handbrake, adjust all mirrors
from driving seat and proceed.
VOLTA/JEAGER
PIN NO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
12
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
ORANGE
BROWN/BLUE
BROWN/RED
WHITE/BLACK
WHITE/GREEN
WEST
DESCRIPTION
LEFT FLASHER
FOG HAZARD LIGHT
EARTH FOR 1-8
RIGHT FLASHER
RIGHT TAIL LIGHT
STOP LIGHTS
LEFT TAIL LIGHT
REVERSE LIGHTS
CAR +
FRIDGE
EARTH FOR 10
NOT YET ALLOCATED
EARTH FOR 9
PIN NO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
MULTICON
FEDER 13K
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
ORANGE
BROWN/BLUE
BROWN/RED
WHITE/BLACK
WHITE/GREEN
DESCRIPTION
LEFT FLASHER
FOG HAZARD LIGHT
EARTH FOR 1-8
RIGHT FLASHER
RIGHT TAIL LIGHT
STOP LIGHTS
LEFT TAIL LIGHT
REVERSE LIGHTS
CAR +
FRIDGE
EARTH FOR 10
NOT YET ALLOCATED
EARTH FOR 9
The Towing Code
ROAD LIGHTING
For your information the wiring diagram of
the 12N and 12S connectors is shown
opposite. These should be checked regularly
and if in any doubt a qualified electrician
consulted.
Some European cars may be equipped with
Volta, Jeager, West or multi-con sockets, an
adaptor or replacement sockets may be
required. If so consult your dealer or
qualified electrician.
The wiring allocations were changed in 1998
and it is important that you check the car to
caravan connections are compatible prior to
coupling up to the car.
WARNING: Always disconnect the
electrical connector between the towing
vehicle and the caravan before
connecting a low voltage supply to the
caravan (mains) and before charging the
battery (EN 1648-1).
• All road lights must be in working order.
• Lenses and reflectors must be in good
condition
• Bulbs must be of correct wattage for the
application (see Service handbook).
WARNING: Do not cause any road
lighting to be obscured by the addition
of any options or accessories to your
caravan.
PASSENGERS
Passengers are forbidden to ride in a
caravan.
BREAKAWAY CABLES
UK law requires that all caravans are fitted
with a safety device to provide protection in
the unlikely event of separation of the main
coupling while in motion. A device referred
to as a 'breakaway cable' fulfils this
requirement and when fitted as on your
caravan is mandatory.
Purpose
To apply the caravans brakes if it becomes
separated from its towing vehicle. Having
done this, the cable assembly is designed to
part allowing the caravan to come to a halt
away from the towing vehicle.
Identification
A thin steel cable with a red plastic coating
fitted with a means of attachment for
connection to the towing vehicle. Located
directly beneath the coupling head.
Operation
In the event of the main coupling of the
caravan separating from the towing vehicle,
the cable should be able to pull tight,
without any hindrance, engaging the caravan
brakes. The breakaway cable should not
become taut during normal use.
Correct procedure for use
Regularly check the cable and clip for
damage. If in doubt contact your Swift
Group dealer.
Make sure the cable runs as straight as
possible and goes through the cable guide
fitted underneath the caravan coupling head.
Determine whether or not the towing vehicle
towbar has a designated attachment point
(i.e. a part specifically designated for a
breakaway cable).
Where a point is designated on the towbar:
• Pass the cable through the attachment
point and clip it back on itself (figure 1).
• Do not clip directly onto the designated
point (figure 2) since the clip is not
designed for use in this way.
Where there is no designated attachment
point on the towbar:
• Fixed ball: Loop the cable around the
neck of the towball in a single loop only.
See figure 3A and 3B.
• Detachable towball: You must seek
guidance on procedure from the towing
vehicle towbar manufacturer or supplier.
13
The Towing Code
Fig. 1
✔
When the breakaway cable is attached,
check to ensure:
a) that the cable cannot snag in use on the
caravan coupling head, jockey wheel,
stabiliser or accessory e.g. bumper
shield, cycle carrier etc.
Fig. 2
✘
Fig. 3A
Having followed this advice, should you feel
that a satisfactory coupling arrangement
cannot be achieved, consult your Swift
Group dealer or towbar supplier.
b) that there is sufficient slack in the cable
to allow the towing vehicle and caravan
to articulate fully without the cable ever
becoming taut and applying the brakes.
c) that it is not slack and can drag on the
ground. If left loose, the cable may
scrape along the ground and be
weakened so that it subsequently fails to
do its job. The cable may also be caught
on an obstacle when in motion thus
engaging the caravan brakes prematurely.
14
Fig. 3B
The Towing Code
MIRRORS
The driver of the towing vehicle must have an
adequate view of the rear.
If there is no rear view through the caravan it
is essential that additional exterior towing
mirrors are fitted. This is mandatory in some
European countries and drivers can face
instant fines if extension mirrors are not fitted.
Caution: Any rear view mirror must not
project more than 200 mm outside:
a) the width of the caravan when being
towed.
b) the width of the towing vehicle when
driven solo.
Note: Any rear view mirror fitted shall be ‘e’
marked and cover the field of view as
stipulated by type approval requirements
(Regulation 33 of the Road Vehicles
[Construction and Use] Regulation 1986).
MOVING OFF
Fig. A Reversing
REVERSING
Proficiency at reversing can only be achieved
with practice and should be first attempted
in a large open area (Fig. A).
Allow longer to get up speed to pass.
Allow for the outfit being twice its normal
length.
Do not suddenly swing out.
SPEED LIMITS
Carry out all manoeuvres as smoothly as
possible.
Allow more engine speed to produce the
power to move the additional weight of the
caravan.
Normal road towing: 50mph
Use nearside wing mirror to check caravan
has cleared when overtaking.
Reduce wear and tear on clutch and
transmission by taking extra care.
CARAVAN HANDLING
Change gears smoothly.
Allow for caravan being wider than car.
Try not to jerk the clutch.
Do not bump kerb with caravan wheels.
Let the clutch in smoothly.
Motorways (including dual carriageways):
60mph
WARNING: Take care not to foul or
ground caravan chassis whilst
traversing ramps or other obstacles.
When passing other vehicles allow more than
the normal clearance for driving solo.
15
The Towing Code
IMPORTANT POINTS ESPECIALLY
FOR MOTORWAY DRIVING
1. Caravans may not be towed in the outside lane of a three or four lane motorway. (Reg. 12(2) of the Motorway Traffic
[England and Wales] Regulations 1982).
2. Reduce Speed:
i) In high or cross winds.
ii) Downhill.
iii) In poor visibility.
3. High sided vehicles cause air buffeting so
extra care must be taken when passing or
being passed. As much space as
possible should be given.
CHANGING A WHEEL
1. Leave caravan hitched to towing vehicle
and ensure handbrake is applied.
2. Lower corner steadies (as safety
measure) on the side that the wheel is
being changed to stabilise the caravan.
3. Use wheel brace to slacken off wheel
nuts on the wheel to be changed.
4. Position jack under the axle at the
appropriate jacking point (see fig. B)
5. Jack up the caravan until the wheel for
removal is just off the ground.
6. Remove the wheel nuts, wheel trims and
remove the wheel.
16
Fig. A Wheel Nut Tightening
7. Fit spare wheel and reverse the above
procedure.
Ensure clean, dry mating surfaces and
clean, dry bolt/nut sealing areas.
8. Tighten all four/five nuts, according to
Fig. A, to 88Nm (65lb/ft) for steel wheels
or 115Nm (85lb/ft) for alloy wheels using
a torque wrench or have checked as soon
as possible.
Ensure the correct wheel fixings are used,
as supplied with your caravan
IMPORTANT
When a wheel has been removed and
replaced the torque of the wheel nuts should
be re-checked after approximately 15 miles
of running. (See 8 above).
Fig. B Scissor Jack
JACKING POINTS
WARNING: Only jack up your caravan
when it is coupled up to the car with its
handbrake applied and in 1st gear
(engine off).
Ensure that the jack is located in the correct
position, i.e. on the jacking bracket on the
chassis for the Al-Ko side mounted jack
(Fig.B). Alternatively the reinforced axle
mounting plate can be used as an alternative
but the chassis member itself MUST NEVER
be used as a jacking point.
All caravans are provided with the facility to
fit Al-Ko side jacking points and although a
scissor, trolley or bottle jack may be used,
it is recommended that the side mounted
Al-Ko Jacking System should be used.
The Towing Code
STOPPING ON A HILL
Levelling pads or boards should be used
under the steadies where the ground is soft
or uneven.
Pulling off again can sometimes present a
problem. The easy solution is
In extreme cases where it is necessary to
raise a wheel off the ground for levelling
purposes, further adequate support should
be applied so that the steadies do not take
any undue strain.
(i) Carry a good sized wedge shaped piece
of wood with a rope or light chain
attached.
(ii) Attach the other end of the rope to the
nearside rear grab handle.
(iii) Place the wood behind the nearside
caravan wheel.
(iv) Carefully reverse the car slightly back
down the hill, the caravan will stop
against the wedge and turn.
(v) Drive forward since this attempt to move
up the hill will now not involve pulling the
full weight of the caravan until the car has
gained some traction.
Fig. C levelling Board
1. Selecting a pitch
Do not pitch in such a position that your
outfit will obstruct others coming in.
2. Levelling the caravan
Levelling must be carried out in both
directions in order for the refrigerator and
other equipment to function correctly. This
should be done before unhitching the
caravan. Levelling boards (Fig. C) can be
used to raise one side of the caravan by
driving or reversing the caravan onto the
boards. Apply the handbrake and chock the
wheels.
Try to choose an area which is dry, reasonably level and preferably with a hard base.
The positioning of the jockey wheel can be
used to help level the caravan.
If you have no alternative but to pitch on a
slope ensure that, for when you leave, you
are facing down the slope.
Lower the corner steadies until they are in
firm contact with the ground.
It is good practice to chock the wheels of
the caravan when parked on a slope even
though the caravan brakes are applied.
DO NOT use the steadies as a jack
they are only a means of stabilising
the caravan.
ARRIVAL ON SITE
Note: Check and observe site regulations.
Exterior Door
To prevent distortion of the body, the caravan
must be always correctly sited and levelled.
Failure to site the caravan correctly may
prevent the exterior door from closing
properly.
3. Unhitching
Apply the caravan handbrake.
Lower the jockey wheel to the ground.
Disconnect the breakaway cable and road
lighting plugs.
Release the stabiliser by lifting the red
handle. Then lift the exposed black handle
forward until it clicks up, at the same time
winding down the jockey wheel, to lift the
caravan clear of the towing vehicle.
When this operation is complete, replace
towball cover and secure the 12N+12S
cables in their storage cups.
Park your vehicle alongside the caravan on
the offside.
17
SAFETY
AND
SECURITY
Fire .......................................................................................... 20
Notice ................................................................................... 20
In Case of Fire ...................................................................... 20
Dicon 300AP Smoke Alarm....................................................20
Fire Extinguishers.................................................................. 21
Children ................................................................................... 21
Ventilation .............................................................................. 21
Security ................................................................................... 22
Caravan Theft ....................................................................... 22
Chassis Number.................................................................... 22
Additional Security ............................................................... 22
Security Chips....................................................................... 22
Caravan Insurance ................................................................ 22
Safety & Security
FIRE
Important: Your attention is drawn to the
notice affixed inside the caravan advising on
fire precaution, ventilation and what to do in
case of fire.
IN CASE OF FIRE
1. Get everyone out of the caravan as
quickly as possible using whichever exit is
the quickest, including windows. Do not
stop to collect any personal items.
2. Raise the Alarm. Call the Fire Brigade.
3. Turn off the gas supply valve if it is safe to
do so.
4. Turn off the electricity supply at supply
point.
DICON 300AP SMOKE ALARM
Fig. A Smoke Alarm
• Low Battery Warning
Unit “beeps” approximately every 45
seconds for up to 30 days when the
battery needs replacing.
This smoke alarm is approved for use in
caravans and mobile homes. (Fig. A)
• Sensitivity Test Button
Test sensitivity, circuitry, battery and horn.
The National Caravan Council requires that
all new or used caravans sold by its
members be fitted with a smoke alarm
featuring an alarm silence facility.
• Loud 85 Decibel Piezo Electric Alarm
Automatically resets when hazardous
condition has passed.
FEATURES
• Battery operated. No need for mains
power wiring.
• Operating Light (LED)
Flashes approximately every 45 seconds
confirming unit is powered.
20
the smoke detector should last
approximately one year.
WARNING: Ensure that batteries are
correctly installed. Positive terminal to
positive contact (marked +), negative
terminal to negative contact. Reversing
a battery in its compartment will
immediately drain the battery and
could damage the smoke alarm.
• Precise Sensitivity
HOW TO TEST
• High Quality Solid State Components
CONNECTING THE BATTERY
Press test button until alarm sounds, then
release. Repeat test weekly.
Your alarm requires one 9 volt battery to
power the smoke detector portion of the
unit. Under normal use the battery powering
Note: Always test smoke alarm operation
after vehicle has been in storage, before each
trip and at least once per week during use.
Safety & Security
WARNING: The electronic test button
provides a full test of the unit’s
functionality. DO NOT try to test the
alarm with a naked flame, as this may
present a potential fire hazard.
FALSE ALARMS
Abnormal air conditions may cause the
highly sensitive smoke alarm to give a
“false” alarm. DO NOT DISCONNECT THE
BATTERIES. If no fire is apparent, ventilate
the caravan and/or blow fresh air into the
unit until the alarm stops. Once cleared the
smoke alarm will automatically reset.
MAINTENANCE
Dust can lead to excess sensitivity therefore
it is recommended that the unit be
vacuumed every 6 months to help keep the
unit working efficiently.
Open cover and gently vacuum interior of
detector trying to keep the nozzle from
touching the unit.
WARNING: Never use portable cooking
or heating equipment other than electric
heaters that are not of the direct radiant
type, as it is a fire and asphyxiation
hazard.
WARNING: Appliances such as cookers
must not be used for heating.
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
VENTILATION
It is recommended that a 1kg (2lb) minimum
capacity dry powder fire extinguisher be
carried inside your caravan at all times.
All caravans comply with BS EN 721. The
ventilation points on your caravan are fixed
points of ventilation which are required by
the European Standards.
When using a dry powder extinguisher it is
suggested that the caravan be evacuated
until the powder has settled, to avoid
inhalation.
A fat pan fire should not have a fire
extinguisher aimed at it. It should be
smothered with a fire blanket.
WARNING: Provide one dry powder fire
extinguisher of an approved type or
complying with ISO 7165, of at least 1kg
capacity, by the main exterior door and
a fire blanket next to the cooker.
Familiarise yourself with the instructions
on your fire extinguisher and the local
fire precaution arrangements.
ESCAPE PATHS
It is important that you do not block escape
paths to emergency exits with obstructions
or hazards.
CHILDREN
Do not leave children alone in the caravan in
any event. Keep potentially dangerous items
out of reach, as at home e.g. matches, drugs
etc.
All caravans have ventilation at high level
and low level which have been calculated to
suit the individual needs of your caravan.
High level ventilation is achieved by means
of the roof lights and washroom roof
ventilators. The low level ventilators are
positioned underneath the oven housing.
Some models with sliding doors have two
vents located underneath the sliding doors.
Under no circumstances must these vents
be blocked or obstructed.
It is advised that fixed ventilation points are
checked and cleaned (if necessary) on a
regular basis using a small brush and a
domestic vacuum cleaner.
Additional night time ventilation is obtained
by releasing the window catches and placing
them in the second groove. Note the
windows are not sealed from rain in this
position.
As the ventilation levels are calculated to suit
each models requirements there should be
no modifications made which may result in
reduced ventilation levels.
WARNING: Do not obstruct ventilation.
21
Safety & Security
Petrol/Diesel Fumes
The fitting of a tail pipe to your car exhaust
will reduce the possibility of fumes entering
your caravan through the ventilation points.
SECURITY CHIPS
A special security chip is concealed within
the body of every caravan. This chip contains
the individual identity of your caravan and
can only be read by using a special decoder.
Your local police can obtain the use of a
decoder by contacting C.R.I.S. on telephone
no: 01722 411430
Note: Never allow modification of electrical
or LPG systems and appliances except by
qualified persons at an authorised Swift
Group dealership.
CARAVAN INSURANCE
SECURITY
Caravan theft
The theft of a caravan can occur in the most
unlikely circumstances; from a motorway
service area, even from an owner’s driveway.
Secure all windows and doors when your
caravan is unoccupied even if only for a short
length of time.
Chassis number
Record your caravan chassis number which
can be found on the front offside section of
the drawbar (Fig. A) or any of the eye level
windows.
Make a note of this number in the space
provided at the front of this handbook and
make a separate note of the number to keep
safe at home.
Additional security
Consider fitting any device which might deter
or prevent intrusion by thieves.
22
It is recommended that the caravan and its
contents should be insured against theft.
Fig. A Chassis Number
A hitch lock cover prevents towing of the
caravan.
A wheel lock prevents towing of the caravan
and removal of the wheel.
Customers are advised to identify their
caravan with a method for subsequent
identification if other forms of identification
have been altered or removed.
Free crime prevention advice about securing
your caravan, protecting your valuables,
property marking, either at home or whilst on
site, can be obtained from the Crime
Prevention Officer through your local Police
Station.
It is essential to check with your car
insurance company to ensure you are
covered when towing your caravan.
SERVICES
Connection of Services ......................................................... 24
Water ....................................................................................... 24
Typical Water Schematic Drawing .........................................24
Truma Compact Crystal 2 ......................................................25
Shurflo Water Pump ...............................................................25
Inboard Water Tanks and On-line Water Systems .................26
Truma Waterline......................................................................26
Microswitch Taps ...................................................................27
Comet Roma Single Lever Mixer Tap ....................................27
Reich Kama Single Lever Mixer Tap ......................................28
Guidance on Cleaning............................................................29
Gas ........................................................................................... 30
Typical Gas Schematic Drawing ............................................30
General Information................................................................31
Types of Gas ..........................................................................31
Gas Safety Advice..................................................................32
Thermal Insulation Heating ....................................................33
Electricity ................................................................................ 34
Instructions for Electricity Supply ..........................................34
Overseas Connection.............................................................35
Wiring of Connecting Cable and Caravan Mains Inlet...........36
Typical Appliance Consumption Figures................................37
Services
Connection of services is dealt with under
the separate headings.
Typical water schematic drawing
with water tank (model specific)
In all cases users should become familiar
with the equipment manufacturers’
instructions.
Advice and leaflets, if not supplied with the
caravan, can be obtained from the suppliers
of the equipment.
Before making connections of any
description to the caravan or its equipment,
ensure that ALL equipment is turned off.
WATER
The caravan can use three separate systems
for its water supply.
1. External water carrier.
2. Inboard water tank (for winter use
essential).
3. Watermaster Aqua Source (mains water)
or Truma Water Line.
24
Typical water schematic drawing
without water tank (model specific)
Services
TRUMA COMPACT CRYSTAL 2
Plug the pump connector into the socket.
Turn the top security clip anti-clockwise and
the bottom security clip clockwise to lock
the plug into place.
When using the Winter Kit the blanking plug
provided will be fitted to the housing not
being used.
Clean the water system at the start and
end of the season with sterilising fluid
(see notes under sterilising).
If the pump fails to deliver water the most
likely cause will be air in the system. Switch
off the pump and shake the pump assembly
in the water. Then switch on again.
dust cover
1. When cleaning the water system at the
start or the end of the season it is
advisable to use a sterilising fluid e.g.
Chempo SDP or similar.
Raise the lid, clean both the water socket
and the plug of the pump assembly.
2. Flush the system thoroughly to remove
the effective fluid traces.
Place the pump into the water container,
ensuring that it is fully submerged before
operating the system. A dust cover is
available to stop contaminates falling into
the water container.
To remove the pump assembly from the
Crystal Compact Housing, release the
security clips and pull the hose adaptor by
using the finger grips provided.
pump connection
STERILISING
3. After sterilising the system at the start of
the season it is recommended that a new
filter cartridge (if fitted) should be fitted.
(Not standard).
SHURFLO WATER PUMP
(MODEL SPECIFIC)
Fresh water is supplied to the caravan on
some models by a Shurflo pump. This pump
is a completely sealed unit designed for
intermittent use and is self priming.
Do not remove by pulling the hose or
electric cable.
25
Services
INBOARD WATER TANKS AND
ON-LINE WATER SYSTEMS
To fill the inboard tank from an external
container follow these simple instructions:
1. Insert Truma Thames or Maxi submersible
pump into external water container.
2. Lift flap and plug pump connector into
Truma socket on side of caravan.
3. Ensure the inline stem shut off valve is in
the open position. This is located next to
the tank or T-connector feeding the tank.
Ensure that where Ultrastore water heater
is fitted the dump valve adjacent to this is
closed. Ensure that the tank drain valve
(in front of the tank when the bed front
flap is lowered) is in the closed position.
4. Select external pump on the control panel
above the door, and switch the pump on
via the switch adjacent to the mains
fusebox. The inboard tank will now fill
from the external tank.
5. When water starts to flow from the
overflow on the underside of the caravan,
or when the external container is empty,
immediately remove the pump connector
from the socket in the side of the caravan.
Switch off the pump at the control panel
or with the switch adjacent to the mains
fusebox.
6. Turning a cold tap on with the internal
pump now selected at the control panel
will relieve pressure in the tank.
TRUMA WATERLINE
WARNING: It is not recommended to
tow with water in the onboard or
underslung water tank as this could
affect stability.
WARNING: Do not under any
circumstances connect your caravan to
the mains water supply without the
pressure reducer fitted. Damage will
occur to the caravan's water system.
Fig. A
1. Fig. A: Connect the fitted Crystal 2 plug
(1) into the water inlet socket.
2. Fig. B: Uncoil the hose and screw cap
adaptor (4) to the drinking water stand
pipe. Plug in the hose adaptor (5).
3. Turn on the mains water supply and
check for leaks.
4. Open one of the taps and purge any air
that may be trapped in the water system.
5. To remove, make sure that the mains
water supply has been turned off, then
squeeze in the two side clips and pull free
the plug.
Fig. B
26
Services
MICROSWITCH TAPS
The micro switch taps are used when the
water supply is not pressurised.
When the tap is turned on, the micro switch
(which is fitted inside the tap) activates the
pump to supply water.
Operation
Swivel the tap spout (a) to the desired
position over the sink, lift the control lever (b)
to activate the pump and allow water to flow
simultaneously. To adjust the temperature
swivel the lever (c) to the left or right as
shown below.
Before you Start
1. Ensure pump is isolated.
2. Position lever in central, i.e. mixer, off
location.
COMET ROMA SINGLE LEVER MIXER TAP
Required tools
-
Pipe wrench
-
Cross-point
screw-driver
-
Flat-bladed
screw driver
inside the
handle.
4
Step 3
-
Remove the dome
-
Remove the small screw
between cartridge and
closure
Tools
Step 1
Step 4
-
-
Remove the
marker cap
Remove the snap ring
(small plastic piece)
Step 2
Step 5
-
-
Note: Before commencing microswitch
replacement ensure instructions are read
through thoroughly. The entire process can
be completed without the need to remove
the tap from the worktop.
3
Remove the
screw from
the control
knob
1
5
Remove the snap ring
with the Pipe wrench
(Turn left or right)
Step 6
Pull the
microswitch
out of the
control knob
-
Pull the cartridge out of
the housing
-
Remove the old
microswitch
6
2
27
Services
Step 7
REICH KAMA SINGLE LEVER MIXER TAP
-
Put in the cable from
the new microswitch.
Exchange of the ceramic cartridge/
micro switch
You need 50 mm cable
length over the top of
the housing.
1. Detach cover (1)
carefully. If the
cover is
damaged use
spare part no.:
240-059512
(red cover) and
240-059513
(blue cover).
Step 8
-
7
Insert the cartridge.
Step 9
-
Refit the component parts in reverse
sequence.
2
Steps 5 to 1
8
9
4
3. Detach the handle (2).
4. Turn out the rosette.
Maintenance
5. Turn out the
brass nut
with spanner.
To prevent your single
mixer tap KAMA from
being impacted by frost, always drain the
tap in the middle position of the handle.
2. Loosen screw inside the handle.
3
8. If the microswitch is
defect:
- Pull the wire out of
the mixer
- Install a new
microswitch,
part no.: 24006220M.
9. Install ceramic
cartridge, brass ring,
brass nut, rosette
and handle in the
opposite way.
6. Pull out the
ceramic
cartridge (3).
28
1
7. If the cartridge is
defect:
- Remove the brass
ring (4) from the
top of the cartridge
- Install a new
ceramic cartridge,
part no.: 2400528M
- Make sure that the
cartridge is in the
right position.
The middle position of the handle is marked
by an arrow!
Services
GUIDANCE ON CLEANING PORTABLE
WATER TANKS AND THE WATER SYSTEM
IN TOURING AND MOTOR CARAVANS
The water systems, and in particular storage
tanks, in caravans are susceptible to
contamination by bacteria if care is not taken
with their use and cleaning. The symptoms
caused by bacterial contamination are not
purely limited to gastro-intestinal diseases,
but may also manifest themselves as ear,
nose, throat, eye or skin infections. It is
therefore important that you carry out the
following procedure prior to using the
caravan each time, even if you boil or filter
all water you use for drinking.
5. The solution should be emptied from the
container.
6. The opening of the container should be
cleaned thoroughly with an appropriate
prepared wipe impregnated with a
sterilant.
7. The container should be inverted whilst
stored overnight (if possible).
8. The container must be filled with mains
water only and mains water only should
be used for the above cleaning
procedure.
9. On no account should garden hoses be
used to fill water tanks.
Separate Water Containers
For Systems:
1. All water remaining in the container
should be disposed of so that the
container is empty.
1. Drain down the system (open all taps to
allow air in, enabling the system to drain
quickly). (See Maintenance Systems).
2. The outside of the container should be
thoroughly cleansed and washed down to
remove any dirt, dust or other contaminant.
Water at a suitably hot temperature
containing an appropriate detergent is
recommended for this purpose.
2. Remove any water filters fitted, and
replace with a short length of hose or
empty filter cartridge (this will ensure the
filter is not affected by the disinfectant/
sterilant solution).
3. Water should be put in the container,
swirled around, then emptied out.
4. The container should then be totally filled
with water containing an appropriate
sterilant solution and allowed to stand for
the recommended contact time (e.g.
Milton for 15 minutes).
3. Fill the system by using the pump with a
disinfectant/sterilant solution (check that
the solution at full strength appears at all
taps/showers). Allow to stand for the
recommended period of time.
the disinfectant/sterilant.
6. Flush the system through with clean
drinking water until no traces of
disinfectant/sterilant can be detected at
any tap.
7. Replace the filter.
Suitable sterilising chemicals are available
from your caravan dealer, accessory shop,
chemist or home-brew shops. It is not,
however, recommended to use bleach or
sodium metabisulphite.
This guidance has been prepared with the
kind co-operation and assistance of The
Environmental Health Department of The
Borough Council of King's Lynn and West
Norfolk.
WARRANTY
Products are guaranteed from the date of
purchase against defects in materials and
workmanship. If the unit proves faulty, return
it to your supplier with proof of purchase and
purchase date. Please note that frost
damage is not a valid warranty claim.
The manufacturer retains the right to repair
or replace the unit. The manufacturer cannot
be held responsible for claims arising from
incorrect installation, unauthorised
modification or misuse of the product. The
above does not affect your statutory rights.
4. Drain the system completely.
5. Thoroughly clean the outside of all
taps/connectors with a cloth soaked in
29
Services
Typical gas
schematic drawing
30
Services
GAS
GENERAL INFORMATION
Gas Bottles
Bottled Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) is the
most convenient portable source of fuel for
your caravan.
Make sure that heating and cooking
appliances and the gas cylinders are
switched off before you move the caravan.
Regularly check flexible gas hose, joints and
connections for tightness. Finally make sure
that each gas appliance is working efficiently
to the recommendations of the appliance
manufacturers.
Only use gas bottle cylinders that are located
within their dedicated position within the
front gas bottle housing, never extend hose hose lengths must not exceed 400mm
Regulator
Your caravan is supplied with a wall mounted
gas regulator plumbed inside the gas bottle
compartment. The regulator and all
appliances work at a harmonised 30mb
pressure, which work with Butane and
Propane gas.
Pressure regulation system in this vehicle has
a fixed working pressure of 30 mbar with a
flow rate of 1.5 kg/h and complies with the
requirements of EN 12864 annex D.
Fig. A Gas Bottle Compartment
Gas Hoses
Two new hoses, or pigtails as they are being
called, are available - one for Propane and
one for Butane with adaptors for Butane
'clip-on' and Camping Gaz cylinders. It is
important to check you have the correct hose
and adaptor to suit your gas bottles. Push on
hoses are no longer permitted under the new
regulations, the new hose have threaded
connections and must be securley attached
to the regulator and to the gas bottle.
WARNING: Inspect flexible gas hose(s)
regularly for deterioration and renew, as
necessary, with the approved type, in
any case no later than the expiration
date marked on the hose(s).
Fig. B
Gas Regulator
WARNING: Ensure hoses do not
become entangled in door mechanism.
TYPES OF GAS
Butane
Butane is supplied in the U.K. in green, blue
or aluminium bottles.
All these have a male left hand thread
EXCEPT for Camping Gaz which has a
special female right hand thread and Calor
7kg and 15kg and aluminium bottles which
have a special clip-on connection.
A 7kg bottle is recommended for butane
gas use.
Note: Regulator valves should always be in
the ‘OFF’ position when towing.
31
Services
Continental bottles usually have a male left
hand thread similar to but not identical with
U.K. butane.
Butane is suitable for use at temperatures
down to 2°C but will not work below that.
Propane
Propane is supplied in Red, or partly red
bottles which have a female left hand
threaded connector.
Scandinavian countries use the same
connector.
Germany and Austria supply propane with a
male connection.
Propane will work at temperatures as low as
-40°C and is therefore suitable for all winter
caravanning.
A 6kg bottle is recommended for propane
gas use.
GAS SAFETY ADVICE
WARNING: If you smell gas or suspect
a leak and if it is safe to do so, isolate
the gas appliances and turn off the gas
bottles at the regulator. Evacuate the
caravan and ventilate. Seek professional
advice as to the cause of the leak.
32
LPG is not poisonous.
b) Avoid naked lights when connecting or
changing a cylinder.
Bi-products are harmless.
c) Check the flexible hose frequently.
There is danger if all air and oxygen were
excluded.
d) The gas is heavier than air and therefore
sinks to the lowest point.
(Ventilation holes must be kept clear at all
times).
e) Keep bottle gas containers outside (and
protected against frost). If they must be
kept inside make sure they are well away
from heat.
Facts about LPG
LPG has been given a smell by the
manufacturers in order to identify leaks.
Awning Spaces LPG Appliance Exhaust
There is no danger of pollution of an
enclosed awning space by the LPG exhaust
from a refrigerator venting into it, as awning
spaces are generally well ventilated.
Space heaters may produce sufficient
exhaust to pollute the awning space, if it is
totally enclosed, from a general comfort,
smell and hygiene point of view. In the
extreme case there could be a build up of
carbon dioxide to a dangerous level.
Caravan owners are advised to allow some
fresh air circulation in the awning space
when such appliances are in use.
PRECAUTIONS
a) Never look for a leak with a match.
Always use a soap solution or its
equivalent when testing connections. Do
not operate any electrical apparatus
whatsoever, especially light switches. If
the leak is not obvious, the caravan
should be evacuated and qualified
personnel consulted.
WARNING: Do not use appliances with a
different working pressure to 30mbar.
WARNING: Maintain adequate spacing
of combustible materials from sources
of heat.
WARNING: Do not use independent
portable gas appliances inside the
vehicle.
WARNING: A BBQ point inlet valve,
if fitted, must only be used for the
connection of portable LPG appliances.
Always read individual appliance
instructions
Services
VENTILATION
All ventilation complies with BSEN 721 and
vents should not be obstructed in any
manner as this could lead to insufficient
fresh air. In this case the confined
atmosphere becomes depleted of oxygen
which leads to the formation of the highly
poisonous gas ‘carbon monoxide’. Carbon
Monoxide is odourless, colourless and
tasteless and will rapidly cause
unconsciousness and death with little or no
warning prior to collapse. THERE IS NO
DANGER WHEN ADEQUATE VENTILATION
IS PROVIDED.
Roof-mounted Flue installations
All flue installations should be inspected
once a year throughout their length for
corrosion. Flues should be replaced if any
sign of perforation is found. Ensure that the
replacement is of an approved type.
CONNECTION
Ensure that the gas regulator hose is
correctly connected to the gas cylinder in
gas bottle compartment and that the hose
connection is tight.
Gas bottles must be fully located, seated at
the base of the bottles and restrained by the
strap provided in the dedicated
compartment position.
Straps are positioned to suit 6kg and 7 kg
bottles.
WARNING: If using cylinders other than
those recommended, the user must
ensure these are adequately supported,
ventilation openings must not be
obstructed and the cylinders must not
cause damage to other fixtures and
fittings located in the compartment.
Open ended gas hoses must always be
protected from dirt and insects
Before turning on the gas supply at the
regulator, ensure that all gas operated
equipment in the caravan is turned off.
Fig. A
All gas equipment (except barbecue) is
supplied through a central Gas Manifold
System which has individual isolation taps
for each appliance (Fig A), as follows:
RED
-
Water Heater
WHITE
-
Space Heater
BLUE
GREEN
-
Fridge
-
Oven
YELLOW -
Barbecue (if fitted)
Note: the external barbecue point is fed
from the main feed through an isolation tap.
See schematic layout for details.
THERMAL INSULATION HEATING
Your caravan has been designed to achieve
a thermal insulation and heating level for
specific climatic conditions when tested
according to the procedure in EN1645-1.
The classifications are as follows:
GRADE 1
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.7w/(m2k).
GRADE 2
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.7w/(m2k) and which can achieve an
average temperature difference of at least
20k between inside and outside temperatures when the outside temperature is 0°C.
GRADE 3
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.2w/(m2k) and which can achieve
an average temperature difference of at
least 35k between inside and outside
temperatures when the outside temperature
is -15°C.
33
Services
ELECTRICITY
As with electricity in the home, care must be
exercised when handling mains electricity.
Your attention is drawn to the following
notice as laid down by the Institute of
Electrical Engineers.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ELECTRICITY
SUPPLY
On arrival at caravan site
1. Before connecting the caravan installation
to the mains supply, check that
(a) both 12N & 12S plugs and hitch
have been disconnected from the
towing vehicle,
(b) the mains supply is suitable for your
installation and appliances, i.e.
whether it is a.c. or d.c. and whether
it is at the correct voltage and
frequency,
(c) your installation will be properly
earthed. Never accept a supply from
a socket outlet or plug having only
two pins, or from a lighting outlet,
and
(d) any residual current device (earth
leakage circuit breaker) in the mains
supply to the caravan has been
tested within the last month.
In case of doubt, consult the site owner or
his agent.
34
2. MAKE SURE THAT THE SWITCH AT
THE SITE SUPPLY POINT IS OFF.
manufacturer recommends annual
inspections).
3. Lift the cover of the electricity inlet
provided on the caravan, and insert the
connector of the supply flexible cable.
Suitably qualified persons acceptable to the
NCC to sign and issue inspection and
completion certificates are:
4. Remove any cover from the socket outlet
provided at the site supply point, and
connect the plug at the other end of the
supply flexible cable to this. Switch on
the main switch at the site supply point.
• an approved contractor of the National
Inspection Council for Electrical
Installation Contracting* or
Note: Use mains cable fully uncoiled and
protect from traffic.
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE MAIN
SWITCH AT THE SITE SUPPLY POINT
SHOULD BE SWITCHED OFF, THE SUPPLY
FLEXIBLE CABLE DISCONNECTED, AND
ANY COVER REPLACED ON THE SOCKET
OUTLET AT THE SITE SUPPLY POINT
BEFORE DISCONNECTING THE FLEXIBLE
CABLE FROM THE CARAVAN. IT IS
DANGEROUS TO LEAVE THE SUPPLY
SOCKET OR SUPPLY FLEXIBLE CABLE
LIVE.
Because touring caravans are generally left
unused for long periods in the open, it is
strongly advised that the mains installation is
inspected periodically to ensure that it is safe
to use. The IEE Wiring Regulations
recommend that mains installations in touring
caravans are re-inspected every 3 years by a
qualified person (see list) who should sign
and issue a periodic inspection report. (The
• a member of the Electrical Contractors’
Association
• a member of the Electrical Contractors’
Association of Scotland
• a qualified person acting on behalf of the
above (in which event it should be stated
for whom he is acting).
*The names and addresses of Approved
Contractors in any locality (there are over
10,500 in the UK) can be obtained from
Electricity Shops, or direct from:
NICEIC, Vintage House,
37 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7UJ
Telephone: 0171 582 7746
The names and addresses of members of
the Electrical Contractors’ Associations can
be obtained direct from:
ECA, Esca House,
Palace Court, London W2 4HY
Telephone: 0171 229 1266
Services
ECA of Scotland, 23 Heriot Row
Edinburgh EH3 6EW
proprietary makes of equipment for testing
polarity.
Telephone: 0131 225 7221
If it can be achieved, it is preferable to
connect live to live, and neutral to neutral to
maintain full electrical protection.
WARNING: CURRENT CONSUMPTION
IN THE CARAVAN MUST NOT EXCEED
16 AMPS OR THE PITCH PERMITTED
MAXIMUM IF THIS IS LESS THAN 16
AMPS.
IT IS DANGEROUS TO ATTEMPT
MODIFICATIONS AND ADDITIONS
YOURSELF. LAMPHOLDER—PLUGS
(BAYONET-CAP ADAPTORS) SHOULD
NOT IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE
USED.
WARNING: Never allow modifications
of electrical or LPG systems and
appliances except by qualified persons.
WARNING: Always check the 230V
supply rating on site before switching
on two loads as this may cause an
overload and a circuit breaker to trip.
OVERSEAS CONNECTION
Note: Connection to a mains voltage supply
OVERSEAS requires particular attention.
Care must be taken when connecting
supplies abroad since the supplies can be of
REVERSE POLARITY.
The significance of REVERSE POLARITY is
that when equipment is switched off it may
not be electrically isolated.
The only certain way of making equipment
safe is to unplug it.
It is useful to have a means of checking
polarity of the mains supply, especially when
touring overseas. There are available several
35
Services
WIRING OF CONNECTING CABLE AND CARAVAN MAINS INLET
WARNING: IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT CONNECTIONS ARE MADE EXACTLY AS SHOWN. IF TERMINAL MARKINGS ARE NOT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
DIAGRAM THEY MUST BE IGNORED. IF IN DOUBT CONSULT A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN.
THE LEGAL LENGTH OF THE MAINS INLET CABLE IS 25 ± 2 METRES. WHEN IN USE IT MUST BE FULLY UNCOILED AND PROTECTED FROM TRAFFIC.
36
Services
TYPICAL APPLIANCE CONSUMPTION FIGURES
230 Volt
12 Volt
Appliance/ Item
Watts
Amperes
Refrigerator
115 W
0.5 amp
Ultraheat Space Heater
500 W
2.2 amp
12 W
1000 W
4.5 amp
12 W
2000 W
8.5 amp
12 W
850 W
3.7 amp
Ultrastore Water heater
Cooker
Watts
Amperes
Only when towing
1.0 amp
LP Gas
grams/hour
12 g/h
30 to 280 g/h
Not applicable
120 g/h
Hotplate 1
Not applicable
Not applicable
161 g/h
Hotplate 2
Not applicable
Not applicable
110 g/h
Hotplate 3
Not applicable
Not applicable
73 g/h
Not applicable
Not applicable
Hotplate 4
800 W
3.5 amp
Grill
Not applicable
Not applicable
117 g/h
Oven
Not applicable
Not applicable
125 g/h
Battery Charger
192 W
0.8 amp
Not applicable
Not applicable
Lighting 230V (based on 2x 40 W bulbs)
80 W
0.3 amp
Not applicable
Not applicable
Lighting 12V (based on 10 W bulb)
Not applicable
10 W
0.8 amp
Not applicable
Submersible water pump
Not applicable
28 W
2.3 amp
Not applicable
Radio/ CD player
Not applicable
12 W
1.0 amp
Not applicable
Omnivent
position 1
Not applicable
15 W
1.2 amp
Not applicable
position 2
Not applicable
30 W
2.5 amp
Not applicable
position 3
Not applicable
50 W
4.0 amp
Not applicable
Air Conditioning unit
715 W
3.1 amp
Not applicable
Not applicable
Microwave (factory fit)
1200 W
5.3 amp
Not applicable
Not applicable
Dometic 7-series fridges – A 60mA current draw is present (12v) on this range of fridges when operating, regardless of energy selection
Note: These are approximate figures for guidance only.
37
ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENT
AC50 and AC75 Control Panels .............................................
AC80 Control Panel.................................................................
ESM 4 - Electrical Supply Module ........................................
ECM - Electrical Control Module ..........................................
NE143 Power Supply Unit .....................................................
Battery .....................................................................................
Solar Panel Connection .........................................................
Habitation Relay .....................................................................
Generator Guidelines .............................................................
SAS 200 Mobile Alarm System ..............................................
12 Volt Electrical Supply ........................................................
Wiring of 12S Socket to Towing Vehicle ..............................
40
42
44
45
46
48
48
48
48
49
51
52
Electrics
AC50 Control Panel
AC75 Control Panel
AC50 AND AC75 CONTROL PANEL OPERATION
Symbol
Function
12V Power
On/Off
Description
This switch turns on (or off) the 12V power to all circuits.
Note: as this switch works in conjunction with a relay (that uses around 40mA to operate), it should only be used
for relatively short periods of time while using the caravan (i.e. when going out for the day).
For long-term isolation of the 12V power, please place the Car / Van selector switch on the ESM2004 power
supply unit in the central (Off) position (i.e. during storage).
Entry light
This switch operates the internal entry light (usually the first light within the caravan).
Internal
Pump
This switch turns on power to the internal water pump ready for use. It can be used to turn off the pump over
night to avoid any noise from the pump.
Note: A green indicator lamp will illuminate within the bottom left corner of the battery gauge when the pump
motor is running.
40
Electrics
Symbol
Function
Description
External
Pump
In caravans with an additional (external) pump, this switch will be a two-way switch with a central off position.
This allows the selection of either the internal pump (switch up - Tap symbol) or external pump (switch down Tank symbol).
Note: A green indicator lamp will illuminate within the bottom left corner of the battery gauge when the internal
pump motor is running.
+
-
Battery
Level Test
This switch is used to display the battery voltage level. Press and hold the switch to display the battery level on
the gauge.
The green region indicates a battery with a good charge, the yellow region indicates a battery with an adequate
charge, and the red region indicates a battery that requires charging.
Water
Level Test
This switch is used to display the fresh water level within the onboard water tank. Press and hold the switch to
display the water level on the gauge.
The gauge indicates the water level on an ‘Empty - 1/4 - 1/2 - 3/4 - Full’ scale, with empty being on the left.
When using the optional remote control unit, please ensure the control panel ‘12V Power’ switch is in the ON position and the
‘Entry light’ switch is in the OFF position for correct operation of the remote control (as the remote control operates in parallel
with the control panel switches). The remote control button [I] controls the Entry Light and button [II] controls the 12V Power.
If you do not wish to use the remote control, or the remote battery is flat/remote has been lost, you can of course return to
manual operation by using the switches on the control panel. If the power has been turned off using the remote control and
then the remote has been lost/battery become flat you will need to carry out the following to reset the caravan: Place the
Car/Van selector switch on the ESM2004 power supply unit in the central (OFF) position and turn the charger switch to the OFF
position, wait 5 seconds and then turn the charger and Car/Van selector switch back on.
The UH**** number on the back of the remote control is the remote code number. Please keep a record of this number in case
you need to order a replacement or additional remote control.
41
Electrics
AC80 Control Panel
AC80 CONTROL PANEL OPERATION
Symbol
Function
12V Power
On/Off
Description
This switch turns on (or off) the 12V power to all circuits.
Note: as this switch works in conjunction with a relay (that uses around 40mA to operate), it should only be used
for relatively short periods of time while using the caravan (i.e. when going out for the day).
For long-term isolation of the 12V power, please place the Car / Van selector switch on the ESM2004 power
supply unit in the central (Off) position (i.e. during storage).
Internal
Pump
This switch turns on power to the internal water pump ready for use. It can be used to turn off the pump
over night to avoid any noise from the pump.
Note: A green indicator lamp will illuminate within the bottom left corner of the battery gauge when the pump
motor is running.
42
Electrics
Symbol
Function
Description
External
Pump
In caravans with an additional (external) pump, this switch will be a two-way switch with a central off position.
This allows the selection of either the internal pump (switch up - Tap symbol) or external pump (switch down Tank symbol).
Note: A green indicator lamp will illuminate within the bottom left corner of the battery gauge when the internal
pump motor is running.
+
-
Battery
Level Test
This switch is used to display the battery voltage level. Press and hold the switch to display the battery level on
the gauge.
The green region indicates a battery with a good charge, the yellow region indicates a battery with an adequate
charge, and the red region indicates a battery that requires charging.
Water
Level Test
This switch is used to display the fresh water level within the onboard water tank. Press and hold the switch to
display the water level on the gauge.
The gauge indicates the water level on an ‘Empty - 1/4 - 1/2 - 3/4 - Full’ scale, with empty being on the left.
When using the optional remote control unit, please ensure the control panel ‘12V Power’ switch is in the ON position and the
separately located ‘Entry light’ switch is in the OFF position for correct operation of the remote control (as the remote control
operates in parallel with these switches). The remote control button [I] controls the Entry Light and button [II] controls the 12V
Power.
If you do not wish to use the remote control, or the remote battery is flat/remote has been lost, you can of course return to
manual operation by using the manual switches.
If the power has been turned off using the remote control and then the remote has been lost/battery become flat you will need
to carry out the following to reset the caravan: Place the Car/Van selector switch on the ESM2004 power supply unit in the
central (OFF) position and turn the charger switch to the OFF position, wait 5 seconds and then turn the charger and Car/Van
selector switch back on.
The UH**** number on the back of the remote control is the remote code number. Please keep a record of this number in case
you need to order a replacement or additional remote control.
43
Electrics
- MAINS MODULE with Earth leakage
protection (RCD) Over-current protection
(MCB’s)
- CHARGER on/off switch
- SPACE HEATER on/off switch
- WATER HEATER on/off switch
- 18AMP TRANSFORMER / CHARGER with
Over-current, Short-circuit, Reverse polarity
& Thermal protection
ESM4 ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
MODULE
The ESM4 Electrical Supply Module is a
230V AC and 12V DC power supply &
control unit. It provides all the necessary
features for control of the electrical circuits in
a caravan or motorhome. The unit provides
the following features:-
44
MAINS MODULE
The ESM4 is designed to operate on a mains
supply of 230V ~ AC +/–10% (making it ideal
for use with low continental voltages). The
40 amp RCD (Residual Current Device) gives
protection against earth faults and also acts
as the main isolator switch. The mains
module also has three MCB's (Miniature
Circuit Breakers), which are basically resetable mains fuses, to protect against over
current. Allocation of the MCB's is as
follows: - MCB1- SOCKETS / SPACE HEATER (if
fitted)
- MCB2- WATER HEATER / LIGHTS(if fitted)
USING A GENERATOR
When using a generator in conjunction with
the ESM4 the following must be observed,
failure to do so may result in damage to the
unit:
1. Always start the generator with the mains
isolator in the caravan turned off.
2. Allow the generator to warm up for a few
minutes before energising power in the
caravan, as the output voltage can be
higher when cold.
3. Check the generator output voltage
regularly to ensure it is within the
specification of the ESM4 system
i.e. 230V ~ AC ±10%
ROADS LIGHTS FUSES
The fuses are located on the front bulkhead
of the right hand front locker.
Fuse Ratings
1
LH ROAD
5A
2
RH ROAD
5A
3
LH INDICATOR
7.5A
4
RH INDICATOR
7.5A
5
FOG
7.5A
6
STOP
7.5A
- MCB3- FRIDGE / CHARGER
Electrics
ECM ELECTRICAL CONTROL
MODULE
SUPPORT SERVICE
PLUG-IN SYSTEMS LIMITED PROVIDE AN
ON-CALL SERVICE FOR WARRANTY OR
NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS.
PUMP SWITCH AND INDICATOR
Included on this panel is a pump isolation
switch and pump running indicator. The
pump isolation switch is used to isolate
power to the water pump in the event of a
pump fault or merely as a safeguard against
unwanted pump operation. The red pump
running indicator will light up as a warning
when the water pump has been activated.
AUX SWITCH
This switch may be used to power any
auxiliary DC circuits the user may wish to
have added to the system.
Battery Condition Meter
This meter indicates the power remaining in
your caravan battery.
Readings should be taken as follows:
Green region - Fully charged
(no charge necessary
Yellow region - Adequate charge
(re-charge if desired)
Red region
- Low charge
(turn on charger switch
to re-charge)
IF YOU WISH TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF
THIS SERVICE FOR PLUG-IN-SYSTEMS
ONLY
Telephone (01482) 652523 and ask for
PRODUCT SUPPORT SERVICE.
Caravan Position
When in this position DC power is available
from the caravan battery to power all 12V
circuits. If the charger is switched ON the
caravan battery will be charged up via the
charger/transformer unit.
Central Position
When in this position with the charger switch
ON, power is provided to all 12V circuits via
the charger/transformer only. With the
charger OFF all DC circuits are isolated.
A car/caravan changeover switch is provided
in this module and should be used in the
following way:
45
Electrics
POWER SUPPLY UNIT NE143-C,
NE143-CWS, NE143-CF, NE143CWSF
The NE143 family Unit is a 230V AC and 12V
DC power controller. It provides all the
necessary features for control and protection
for all the electrical functions in a caravan.
The unit provides the following features:
MAINS 230V AC
- Mains Module with Earth Leakage
protection
- Over current protection (RCD)
12 VOLT DC
- Totally automatic charger
- Over current protection
- Short circuit protection
- Over temperature protection
SWITCHED FUSE MODULE
- With battery changeover switch
- Charger on/off switch
The 40 Amp RCD gives protection against
earth faults and also acts as the main
switch. The mains module has three MCB’s
as follows.
- 8 Fused DC output circuits
For Abbey, Sterling, Swift and some
Bessacarr models
UNIT DESCRIPTION
MCB1 - SOCKETS/BLOWN-AIR HEATING
(if fitted)
The NE143 Unit is designed to operate on a
mains supply of 207-253V AC (for use with
low continental voltages).
46
MCB2 - WATER HEATER/LIGHTS (if fitted)
MCB3 - FRIDGE/CHARGER
Other Bessacarr models equipped with the
NG143-CF
MCB1 - HEATING SYSTEM
MCB2 - SOCKETS
MCB3 - LIGHTS/FRIDGE/CHARGER
CHARGER
The NE143 employs fully automatic 12V DC
to operate with a wide range of mains input
voltages and provides a stable output
voltage even under load. The unit can
provide up to 18 Amp maximum and 16 Amp
continuously.
Electrics
SWITCH AND FUSES MODULE
Car/Van Selector Switch
The car/caravan changeover switch provided
in this module should be used in the
following way:
Caravan position When in this position DC power is
available from the caravan battery to
power all 12V electric circuits. If the
charger is switched on, the caravan
battery will be charged via the
charger/transformer unit. This position
should be used when operating the fridge
on 12V while towing.
Central position When in this position with the charger
switch on, power is provided to all 12V
circuits via the charger/transformer only.
With the charger off all DC circuits are
isolated.
Car position The switch can be placed in this position
should the caravan battery become
discharged and no mains power is
available.
Note: First of all the towing vehicle should
be electrically connected to the caravan via
the 12S socket.
ELECTRICAL AND THERMAL
PROTECTION
Fuse 1 - Front roof lighting
The battery charger is fitted with circuitry,
which will protect it in the event of electrical
or thermal overload. Should the current
draw exceed the rated output of the unit,
then it will begin to shut down. This will
probably be noticed as a dimming of the 12V
lighting. On removal of the excessive load
the charger will automatically recover. To
protect against overheating there is an
electronic thermal protection circuit, which
will operate should the temperature of the
unit rise above a safe level. If this happens
then the output will shut-off until the
temperature has dropped back to a safe
level.
Fuse 3 - Blown-Air Heating
Fuse 2 - Rear roof lighting
Fuse 4 - Radio
Fuse 5 - 12V sockets/Hitchlight/TV amp
Fuse 6 - Fan circuits
Fuse 7 - Water pumps/Water sensor/
Thetford toilet
Fuse 8 - Ignitions
For Bessacarr models an additional 12V fuse
box is located in close proximity to the
NC143 unit, with its own label appropriate to
function
CHARGER SWITCH
When the caravan battery requires charging,
press this switch to the on position (it should
then illuminate). Also ensure the Battery
Selector Switch is in the Van position.
SPACE HEATER AND WATER HEATER
SWITCHES
When you wish to use the space heater or
water heater press the relevant switch to the
on (downward position) It should then
illuminate to show the heater is powered
from the 230V supply.
47
Electrics
BATTERY
It is recommended that a good quality
leisure battery is always in circuit when the
system is in use.
A deep cycling heavy duty 12V battery
should be purchased to provide power for
lights and other electrical appliances.
A proprietary brand leisure battery with an
85 Amp capacity is recommended.
Note: 85 Amp batteries and above should
be checked dimensionally before
purchasing, to ensure fitment within the
battery compartment, as brands vary in size.
It should be remembered that batteries
suitable for the electrical demands of a
caravan differ in design from those for use
with a car, and whilst the system may
operate with a car battery it is strongly
recommended that only a leisure type
battery, maintained in good condition is
used. The battery should be kept topped up
at all times.
The battery should be positioned in its
compartment, which is vented to the
outside, and be properly secured before
travelling
WARNING: Do not block battery box
vents.
WARNING: When connecting the battery,
ensure that the correct polarity is
observed (black is negative and red is
positive) and that the terminals are
securely fastened.
48
Under normal circumstances it should not be
necessary to remove the battery other than
for routine inspection of terminals and
“topping up”.
WARNING: Explosive gases may be
present at the battery. Take care to
prevent flames and sparks in the vicinity.
Your caravan has been fitted with an in-line
fuse between the battery terminal and strip
connector. It is recommended that the fuse
rating fitted in this location does not exceed
20 amps.
WARNING: Switch off all appliances
and lamps before disconnecting the
battery.
Smoking is prohibited around the
battery compartment.
SOLAR PANEL CONNECTION
A 2-way JST connection plug is fitted
adjacent to the battery box (specific models
only). This is a standard connection that has
no fitted fusing and is for use with a fused
auxiliary input only.
The feed is direct to the leisure battery in all
installations (i.e. not via control panels or to
traction batteries).
NOTE:- Some models may have more than
one 12V socket fitted, the 10 Amps required
is available from the 12V socket provided no
other 12V socket is used at the same time.
HABITATION RELAY
To conform with European Safety Standards
(EMC) all caravans have been equipped with
a habitation relay.
To preserve the life of your leisure battery
and charger please observe the following:
This relay is actuated when the 12N/12S
plugs are connected to the car’s sockets and
the car ignition is turned on.
i) Do not leave all 12V lights powered at the
same time as this will drain your leisure
battery more rapidly.
The relay automatically isolates all 12V
equipment within the caravan, excluding the
fridge’s 12V power supply, from the car.
ii) If all 12V lights must be powered
together, ensure the battery is 'in-circuit'
i.e. selector switch in the 'van' position
and that the battery charger is turned on.
GENERATOR GUIDELINES
iii) For optimum performance use the
transformer/charger unit with a leisure
battery attached.
• Lack of regular servicing can be the
cause of most generator problems,
gensets under 2kW are mainly dependent
on engine speed for output frequency
and voltage, poor or no servicing may
cause the engine speed governor to run
Electrics
the genset engine too fast. Therefore
frequency and output voltage can rise
above the specification of the machine
data plate i.e. 230V at 50Hz, this may
cause damage to electrical/electronic
equipment (such as battery chargers).
If you are unsure of any of the point, please
contact your local dealer or the manufacturer
direct (see point 5)
1. Operation
Arm/Disarm
• A generator should always be run for a
few minutes prior to connection with the
caravan or motorhome electrics, to allow
it to warm up and the output to settle to a
steady level.
The SAS200 Alarm System is armed and
disarmed by pressing the button on the key
fob remote controller.
• The AC output of generators is often
derived from an AC alternator, rectified to
DC then inverted back to AC. In essence
this means the output sinewave may not
be very smooth and may not run
sophisticated electronics efficiently. Some
of the new wave of gensets are more
sophisticated in their production of a
sinewave output and are more suited to
run electronic equipment.
b) Fully armed with internal movement
sensor and tilt sensor active
The alarm has four modes of operation:
a) Disarmed
c) Partially set with only the tilt sensor active
d) Partially set with only the movement
sensor active.
The alarm indicates arm/disarm status by
beeping. One beep = armed, two beeps in
quick succession = disarmed.
• If in doubt consult your genset dealer or
manufacturer for advice.
To part set the alarm (modes c or d) hold
down the arm button until the desired mode
has been selected:
SAS 200 MOBILE ALARM
SYSTEM
Hold down and release after 2 long beeps,
mode (c) selected.
Using the latest microprocessor technology
the SAS200 provides all year round
protection for your caravan.
Please read all sections of these user
instructions before attempting to operate the
SAS200.
Hold down and release after 3 long beeps,
mode (d) selected.
Note: if the arm button is continually held
down the system will disarm and then repeat
the above sequence.
PIR Movement Sensor
The SAS200 Alarm System comes complete
with a 120° x 360° Passive Infra Red
movement sensor that detects body
movement within the vehicle.
If you are leaving pets within the vehicle the
system should be armed in mode (c) to
prevent nuisance triggering.
Tilt Sensor
The SAS200 Alarm System has an inbuilt tilt
sensor that detects tilting of the vehicle
during the hitching process. If the tilt sensor
is not set correctly, the alarm will not arm
and will indicate a fault by beeping 4 times in
rapid succession.
During normal (on the flat) operation there is
no need to alter the tilt sensor.
If the vehicle is parked on a steep slope it
may be necessary to adjust the tilt sensor.
With the alarm disarmed, while viewing the
movement sensor lens, move the tilt
adjustment lever forward until the green light
illuminates. Note the position of the lever.
Now move the lever backwards and again
note the position of the lever when the green
light illuminates.
Set the lever mid way between the two
positions.
Remember to return the lever to the centre
(locked) position when returning to 'on the
flat' use.
49
Electrics
Alarm Siren
2. Key Fobs
of months without a 12V supply to the alarm.
When the alarm is triggered the siren will
sound for 2 minutes. Following the 2 minute
period the alarm will then deactivate for 15
seconds then rearm.
The SAS200 Alarm System comes complete
with 2 key fob remote controllers. If an
additional controller is required these can be
ordered from your supplier.
To charge the alarm battery either fit a fully
charged leisure battery to the vehicle or
connect the vehicle to the mains supply and
switch on the 12V charger/power supply.
The alarm siren can be turned off at any
point by pressing the key fob button. If the
movement sensor caused the alarm trigger,
the alarm will give a standard 'two beeps in
quick succession' disarm indication. If the tilt
sensor caused the alarm trigger, the alarm
will give 'two beeps in quick succession'
followed by a further 'two beeps in quick
succession'.
Key Fob Battery Replacement
The internal battery should be replaced
approximately every 3 years to ensure
correct operation. Replacement batteries can
be ordered from your supplier. Always
dispose of old batteries in accordance with
local regulations.
1. Remove the key fob from your key ring.
2. Prise the casing apart near the key ring
fixing slot.
3. While holding the base part of the casing,
prise out the old Lithium battery and
replace with a new CR2032 battery.
Ensure the [+] terminal is located towards
the outer case.
4. Specification
Control Box
Supply voltage:
10.5 to 15V DC
The SAS200 Alarm System incorporates a
sleep mode that extends battery life over a
long period of time.
4. Relocate the two casing halves and snap
together.
Supply current:
250mA max
Operating temperature:
-5 to +30°C
5. Refit the key fob onto your key ring.
Battery capacity:
3.3Ah at 12V
If a charged leisure battery is fitted and is
supplying 12V to the alarm system the alarm
will operate in standard 'quick response'
mode.
6. Remember to dispose of old batteries in
accordance with local regulations.
Operating time (armed)
with no supply:
9 months at 20°C
3. Battery
Siren output:
110 dB +/- 10%
The SAS200 Alarm System incorporates a
3.3Ah sealed lead acid battery that is
charged from the vehicles 12V supply. This
battery has been selected to run the alarm
without any external supply voltage for up to
9 months depending on ambient
temperature/initial charge.
Movement Sensor
Range:
>10M typical
The battery is fully charged when the alarm
system is despatched, but may need further
charging if the vehicle is stood for a number
Battery:
CR2032
Lithium Cell
Typical battery life:
1 year
Sleep mode
If the alarm is operating from the internal
alarm battery only, the alarm will operate in
'slow response' battery saving sleep mode.
In this mode you will need to press and hold
the arm/disarm button for up to 3 seconds
to arm or disarm the alarm.
50
Range:
120° x 360° x 8M
Current consumption:
<1mA typical
Key Fob
Electrics
5. Spare Parts/Service
12 VOLT ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
For spare parts, local supplier contact details
or other service information please contact:
If your car is fitted with the appropriate relay,
please note the following points:
Sargent Electrical Services Ltd.
service desk on 01482 678981
during normal office hours.
1.
The caravan battery will be charged by
the car charging system independently
of the distribution panel.
2.
If the caravan battery level is “low”,
power for the caravan 12V system can
be obtained from the car battery, by
connecting the 12S (grey) plug to the
car, and setting the distribution panel
selector switch to “car”. This will draw
power from the car battery and care
should be taken not to reduce the level
of the car battery so low that the car
engine cannot be started. (The battery
level indicator in the caravan distribution
panel will show the condition of the car
battery in these circumstances).
plugs and the engine is running, 12V
power will be supplied to the fridge 12V
cooling element, provided the fridge
fascia switch is set to 12V operation
and the distribution panel battery
selector switch is set to ‘van’.
4.
If an extension lead from the 12S socket
on a towing vehicle to the 7-core
connecting cable is used while a
caravan is parked on a caravan pitch,
its length should be kept to a minimum
and not exceed 5 metres. The minimum
cross sectional area of the supply and
return leads in the extension cable
should be 2.5mm2.
3. If a Thetford fridge is fitted:
When the car and caravan are
connected through the 12N and 12S
plugs and the car engine is running, 12V
power will be supplied to the
refrigerator, provided the refrigerator
selector switch is set to the 12V
position, regardless of the position of
the distribution panel selector
switch.
3a. If a Dometic fridge is fitted:
When the car and caravan are
connected through the 12N and 12S
51
Electrics
WIRING OF 12S SOCKET TO TOWING VEHICLE
Note:
If using a combination relay, ensure the supply fuse is the correct amperage. A lower rating will ‘blow’ causing the fridge, if switched on,
to be connected directly to the caravan battery. While towing, the caravan battery will be discharged instead of being charged.
52
FITTED
EQUIPMENT
Truma Ultrastore Water Heater.............................................. 54
Truma S 3002 P and S 3002 Auto Space Heater ................. 57
TEB Fan ....................................................................................60
Truma Ultraheat for S 3002 (P), S 5002 and
S 55 T Heaters .....................................................................60
SC20 Control Panel .................................................................63
ALDE Heating System .............................................................65
TP5000 Electronic Programmable Room Thermostat .........70
Refrigerator ............................................................................. 72
Dometic RM7271L, RM7275L, RM7291L, RM7295L,
RM7361L, RM7365L, RM7401 and RM7405L ................. 73
Model RM4501 ..................................................................... 85
Thetford Absorber Refrigerators ............................................86
Stoves Hobs, Grills & Ovens ................................................. 96
The Hob ............................................................................... 96
Electric Hotplates ...................................................................97
The Grill ..................................................................................97
The Oven ................................................................................97
Cleaning .................................................................................98
Microwave Oven ....................................................................100
Thetford Cassette Porta Potti ............................................. 101
Thetford Cassette C-200 CW & C-200 CWE...................... 104
TV Inlet ................................................................................... 108
External Barbeque Point ...................................................... 108
Bedding ................................................................................. 109
Cassette Blinds and Flyscreens ......................................... 111
Doorscreen ........................................................................... 111
Seitz Entrance Door ...............................................................112
Roof Lights and Windows .....................................................112
Air Conditioning .....................................................................113
Ash Framed Doors ................................................................115
Shower .................................................................................. 116
Tables .....................................................................................116
Fixing of Awnings ................................................................. 117
Fitted Equipment
The instructions covering fitted equipment
to your caravan were correct at the time
of going to print. Owners handbooks are
updated annually and we take great care
to try and ensure their accuracy.
However, the Swift Group Limited cannot
accept responsibility for any changes that
may be made in specification or operating
instructions to the equipment described in
this section after the time of going to
press.
Every care is taken to ensure that the
information provided in this handbook is
correct and easy to understand.
Separate manufacturers’ leaflets on many
of the components are also included in
the Owner’s Pack provided with this
caravan and we recommend that you
compare the instructions in the handbook
with the component manufacturers
literature, to ensure the information
provided is as accurate as possible.
If you are in any doubt as to how to
operate the equipment in your caravan,
please contact the component
manufacturer’s service department on the
telephone number shown on their
component leaflet. If you remain in any
doubt, please contact the Swift Group
Supercare customer care service
department on 01482 875740.
54
Equipment Specification
For details on type of equipment fitted in
your caravan, please refer to the Sales
Brochure or Dealer.
IMPORTANT
To maximise the use and life of all fitted
equipment in your caravan it is essential that
any accompanying manufacturers’ literature
is read fully. All recommended maintenance
and preparation procedures should be
followed. The information provided in this
handbook is only intended as a guide. If in
any doubt consult your manufacturer
appointed dealer, particularly before
attempting to install EXTRA EQUIPMENT.
NOTICE: In the interest of safety,
replacement parts for an appliance
shall conform to the appliance
manufacturer's specifications and
should be fitted by them or their
authorised agent.
THE TRUMA ULTRASTORE
WATER HEATER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Attention: Before using for the first time, it
is essential to flush the entire water supply
through with clean warm water. Always
mount the cowl cap when the water heater
is not being operated! Drain the water
heater if there is a risk of frost! There shall
be no claims under guarantee for
damage caused by frost!
When connecting to a central water supply
(rural or city connection) or when using more
powerful pumps, a pressure reducer must be
used which prevents pressures of greater
than 2.8 bar occurring in the Ultrastore.
Filling the Truma Ultrastore with water
e = Lever
position
"Closed"
f = Lever
position
"Drain"
Fig. 1
Fitted Equipment
1. Check that the safety/drain valve in the
cold-water intake is closed. Lever should
be in the horizontal position, position (e).
2. Open the hot tap in the bathroom or
kitchen with pre-selecting mixing taps or
single lever fittings set to hot.
3. Switch on power for water pump (main
switch or pump switch). Leave the tap
open to let air escape while the water
heater is filling. The heater is filled when
water flows out of the tap.
Residues of frozen water can prevent
filling if there is a frost. The water heater
can be defrosted by switching on the
heater for a short period (max 2 mins).
Frozen pipes can be defrosted by heating
the room.
Note: If just the cold water system is being
used, without water heater, the heater tank is
also filled up with water. In order to avoid
damage through frost, the water contents
must be drained by activating the
safety/drain valve, also when the heater has
not been used. As an alternative, two shut-off
valves, resistant to hot water, can be fitted in
front of the cold and hot water connection.
Draining the water heater
1. Disconnect power for water pump (main
switch or pump switch).
2. Open hot water taps in bathroom and
kitchen.
3. Open safety/drain valve: Lever in vertical
position, position (f).
4. The water heater is now drained directly to
the outside via the safety/drain valve.
Check that the water contents have been
completely drained (10 litres).
Gas operating instructions
Attention: Never operate the water heater
without water in it!
If the wall cowl is positioned close to an
opening window (or hatch) - in particular
directly under it - it must remain closed
when the water heater is in use (see
warning plate).
a = Rotary switch "On" "Gas operation"
b = Rotary switch "Off'"
c = Rotary knob for temperature
selection (illuminated by green
lamp "Operation")
d = Red indicator lamp "Failure"
1. Remove cowl cover.
2. Open gas cylinder and open quick-acting
valve in the gas supply line.
3. Select required water temperature at rotary
knob (c) infinitely variable from approx. 30°
to 70°C.
4. Switch on water heater at the rotary switch
(a) on the control panel, green indicator
lamp "Operation" lights up.
5. If there is air in the gas supply line, it may
take up to a minute before the gas is
available for combustion. If the appliance
switches to "Failure" during this period,
switch off the appliance - wait 5 minutes and switch on again!
55
Fitted Equipment
Switching off (gas operation)
Electrical Operating Instructions
Switch off the water heater at the rotary
switch (b).
Switch the switch on the control panel to
"On". This indicates the electrical waterheating element is operative.
Drain the water heater if there is a risk of
frost!
If the water heater is not to be used for a
longer period, mount cowl cover (nonobservance of this point can lead to the
function of the appliance being impaired
through water, dirt or insects), close quickacting valve in the gas supply line and close
the gas cylinder.
There shall be no claim under guarantee if
this point is not observed.
Always remove the cowl cover prior to
operating the water heater!
Red indicator lamp "Failure"
The red indicator lamp (d) lights up if there is
a failure.
The reason for such an indication is, for
example, no gas available or air in the gas
supply system, triggering of the excess
temperature monitor etc. To unlock, switch
off the appliance, wait 5 minutes, and switch
on again.
In event of faults, always contact the
Truma Service on Tel: 01283 511092.
56
When using the vehicle switches refer to
operating instructions of the vehicle
manufacturer or see switch labels.
Note: The water temperature cannot be
selected, automatic temperature limitation at
approx. 70°C. For a faster heating up period
the appliance can be simultaneously
operated with gas and electrical power.
Note: The water tank in the Truma-Ultrastore
is made of high quality food-proof stainless
steel VA.
Use wine vinegar for de-scaling the water
supply. Allow the product to react and then
thoroughly flush out the appliance with
plenty of fresh water. To sterilise the water
we recommend "Certisil- Argento". Other
products, particularly those containing
chlorine are unsuitable.
In order to avoid the proliferation of microorganisms, heat the Ultrastore to 70° at
regular intervals.
Do not use the water as drinking water!
is not being used. Non-observation of
this point can lead to the function of the
appliance being impaired through water,
dirt or insects.
2. The guarantee will be invalidated if this
point is not observed. Always remove the
cowl cover prior to operating the water
heater!
3. If there is a defect in the electronics,
return the control Printed Circuit Board
well padded. If you fail to pack it
correctly the guarantee will be
invalidated. Only use original Truma
Ultrastore control P.C.B's as spare parts.
4. If just the cold water system is being
used, without water heating, the header
tank becomes more vulnerable to frost
damage. Accordingly the contents
should be drained by operating the
safety/drain valve. This also applies
when the motorhome is in storage.
General Safety Notes
In the event of leaks in the gas system or if
there is a smell of gas:
• Extinguish all naked flames
• Do not smoke
• Switch off the appliance and gas cylinder
Important Operating Notes
• Open the windows
1. If the cowl is positioned close to an
opening hatch (window), keep this closed
during operation. See warning plate.
Always mount the cowl cover if the heater
• Do not operate any electrical switches
• Have the entire system checked by an
expert
Fitted Equipment
1. Repair jobs are only to be carried out by
an expert.
2. The following would invalidate the
guarantee:
a. Any alteration to the appliance
(including cowl)
b. The use of non-Truma spare
parts/accessories
c. Non observance of the operating
instructions.
3. The operating pressure for the gas supply
is 30mbar (or 28mbar butane/37mbar
propane) and must correspond to the
operating pressure of the appliance (see
name plate).
4. Do not operate the water heater when
refuelling the vehicle and when in the
garage.
5. During the initial operation of a brand new
appliance (or after it has not been used
for some time), a certain amount of
fumes, and a slight smell, may be noticed
for a short time. Remedial action is to
immediately run the heater at maximum
output and to ensure adequate room
ventilation.
6. If the burner makes an unusual noise or if
the flame lifts off, it is likely that the
regulator is faulty and it is essential to
have it checked.
Technical Data
Water contents:
10 litres
Water pressure:
up to max. 2.8 bar
Type of gas:
Liquid Gas
(propane or butane)
Operating Pressure:
30mbar (or 28mbar
butane, 37mbar
propane)
Rated thermal output:
1500W
Gas consumption:
120g/h
Heating time to approx. 70°C:
Gas operation:
approx. 35 mins
Electrical operation: approx. 70 mins
Gas and electrical
operation:
approx. 20 mins
Power consumption 12V
Ignition:
0.17A
Heating Up:
0.08A
Standby:
0.04A
Power consumption 230V
Heating Up:
(3.7A) 850W
Weight (empty):
6.7Kg
THE TRUMA S 3002 P & S 3002
AUTO SPACE HEATER
INSTRUCTIONS FOR HEATERS FITTED
WITH AUTOMATIC IGNITOR OR PIEZO
IGNITOR
Switching On
1. Open the valve on the gas cylinder. Open
quick-acting valve in gas supply line.
2. Turn control knob to thermostat setting
1-10 and press it down as far as the stop.
At the same time keep operating the
Piezo ignitor rapidly until the flame ignites.
3. Keep the control knob depressed for a
further 10 seconds to allow the safety
pilot to operate.
4. (Piezo only) Watch through the flame
window for another 10 seconds to make
sure that the flame does not go out
through air in the supply pipe (caused by
the valve being closed or changing the
cylinder).
Attention: Always wait at least 2 minutes
before attempting to re-ignite, otherwise
there is a risk of blowbacks (misfiring).
This also applies if a working heater
goes out has to be re-lit.
57
Fitted Equipment
Automatic Ignitor
Prior to first ignition, make sure that the
batteries have been inserted; observe correct
fit battery cassette (see changing batteries,
page 57).
3. Repairs are only to be carried out by a
competent service engineer.
Attention: A new O-ring must always
be installed after dismantling the
exhaust duct.
Thermostat
Set the required room temperature at the
control knob (numbers 1-10). For an
average room temperature of approx. 22°C
we recommend setting:
3-5
Without the Trumavent Fan
(switched on)
4-8
With the Trumavent Fan
Switching Off
Set control knob to "0". If turning off for a
long period of time, close the quick-acting
valve in the gas supply line. Close valve of
gas cylinder.
a = Control knob
b = Integrated control panel for
Trumavent fan TEB
c = Piezo ignitor or automatic ignitor
d = Flame observation window
e = Name plate (remove casing)
f = Thermostat probe
In the case of left-handed installation,
the parts are arranged on the other
side.
58
Important Operating Notes
1. If the gas supply line is filled with air, it
may take up to a minute before the gas
becomes available for combustion.
During this time depress the control knob
and continuously operate the Piezo
ignitor until the flame ignites.
2. You will have to find out the exact
thermostat setting yourself, depending on
how much heat you need.
4. Any alteration to the appliance (including
exhaust duct and cowl) or the use of
spare parts and accessories, which are
important to the function of the heater
and which are not original Truma parts, as
well as the non-observance of the
installation and operating instructions, will
lead to the cancelling of the guarantee
and exclusion of liability claim.
5. During the initial operation of a brand new
appliance, a certain amount of fumes and
a slight smell may be noticed for a short
while. Remedial action is to immediately
run the heater at maximum output and to
ensure adequate room ventilation.
6. In winter, before switching on the heater,
remove all snow from the cowl.
7. Inspect the exhaust duct and all
connections at regular intervals and
always whenever there is a blowback
(misfire). It is essential that the exhaust
duct is installed so that it slopes upwards
over its whole length and is securely fixed
with several clamps. Never place any
object on the exhaust duct, since this
Fitted Equipment
could result in damage. The exhaust
duct connection to both the heater and
the cowl must be firm and well sealed.
Do not operate heaters with incorrectly
fitted or damaged exhaust ducts.
8. Never allow the warm air outlet on the
heater to be obstructed in any way. For
instance never hang washing on or in
front of the heater to dry. Misusing your
heater in this way could cause serious
damage from overheating. Do not place
flammable objects near the heater.
Please follow these guidelines in the
interest of your own safety.
9. If the burner makes an unusual noise or if
the flame lifts off while burning, it is likely
that the regulator is faulty and it is
essential to have it checked.
10.Cleaning (with switched off appliance): It
is recommended that at least once a year,
before the heating season starts, you
remove any dust that has collected on
the heat exchanger base plate.
Technical Data:
CHANGING OF BATTERIES
Type of gas:
Liquid gas
(propane/butane)
Changing the Batteries on the Automatic
Ignitor
Operating pressure:
30mbar (28mbar
butane, 37mbar
propane)
Only change the batteries with the heater
switched off.
Rated thermal output: 3400W
Gas consumption:
30-280 g/h
Product Indent.
No: CE-0085AP0325
Always insert new batteries at the beginning
of the heating season.
Automatic Ignitor
Power consumption:
50 MA (ignition)
0.01 MA
(monitoring)
Operating voltage:
3V
Remove front of heater retaining screw,
located through centre of black grill. Unclip
front of heater, slide up battery cover to
reveal battery. Change the batteries.
Observe plus/minus.
Only use temperature resistant (+70°C), leakproof Mignon round cells (LR 6, AA, AM 3,
Art. no. 30010-23600). Other batteries could
lead to malfunctions!
59
Fitted Equipment
TEB FAN
Always observe the operating
instructions prior to starting!
the respective heat emission of the
heater. The maximum output can be
limited at the control knob, as required.
The regulating between this value and
slow running is carried out automatically.
If the air output drops or the operating noise
increases, the fan impeller wheel may be
severely soiled
Cleaning
(with switched off appliance!) We
recommend removing dust which has
collected on the heat exchanger and base
plate of the heater and on the impeller wheel
of the Trumavent fan, once a year before the
heating season starts. Clean the impeller
wheel carefully using a brush or tooth brush.
The vehicle owner is responsible for the
correct operation of the appliance.
Repairs are only to be carried out by an
expert!
TRUMA ULTRAHEAT ADDITIONAL
ELECTRIC HEATING FOR
TRUMATIC S 3002 (P), S 5002
AND S 55 T HEATERS
Function description
a = Manual control
(e.g. for ventilation) Adjust desired output
at the control knob.
b = Off
(or automatic operation/ heating with
heaters Trumatic S 3002 K and S 5002 K)
c = Automatic operation
(Heating) The output steadily adjusts to
60
The quantity of air can be individually
adjusted at the air flap (f), for warm air
distribution.
Truma-Ultraheat is an additional 230V
electric heater for the LPG heater models
Trumatic S 3002/S 5002.
In centre position 50% of the warm air is
distributed to each outlet.
Heater operation is basically possible with
gas only, electricity only or simultaneously
with electricity and gas.
Use the fan duct with 72 mm and if the fan
ducts are of different lengths or on sides with
a greater heat requirement. This means that
the air output can be used to the full on this
side. By adjusting the air flap (f) the quantity
of air can be increased individually. This
means that the air out-put on the other side
is reduced.
When using simultaneously the electrical unit
will switch itself off before overheating
occurs as a result of the stronger gas burner.
When using electrical only we recommend to
set the fan control on position 3 (manual or
auto), remembering to set the output level to
Fitted Equipment
2000W (ensure that the fuse protection for
the power supply of the camp site is
sufficient).
The electric heater can also be operated
without the Trumavent fans.
If the heater is operated simultaneously with
electricity and gas, the electrical unit will
switch itself off before overheating occurs as
a result of the stronger gas burner.
If more than 2kw are required (heating
up/cold temperatures) you must refer back
using gas operations as the 230V electrical
operation is a secondary heater only.
Switching off
The electric heater can also be operated
without the Trumavent fans.
Switch the heating system off at the rotary
switch (a).
IMPORTANT OPERATING NOTES
WARNING:-Surfaces become hot in use,
guards provided do not give full
protection to the young or elderly
1. Repairs may only be carried out by an
expert.
Switching On
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Before operating the heater for the first
time it is essential to observe the
operating instructions, enclosed with
the heater.
Control panel with thermostat
Attention: Before switching on, ensure that
the fuse protection for the power supply of
the campsite is sufficient for the selected
power setting (b) (see Technical Data).
Important: The electric feed line for the
caravan must be fully unwound from the
cable drum.
a =
Rotary switch "Off"
1. To switch on, turn the rotary switch to the
desired output level (b).
b =
Rotary switch "On"
power settings:
500 - 1000 - 2000 W
2. Set rotary control knob (c) to the desired
room temperature.
c =
Rotary control knob for room
temperature (illuminated by green
indicator lamp "operation")
The thermostat setting on the operating
element (1-9) must be determined individually
depending on the heating requirement and
the type of vehicle. For an average room
temperature of about 23°C, we recommend a
thermostat setting of about 6 -8.
2. The heater's hot air outlet should under
no circumstances be blocked. Never hang
clothes or similar in front of or on top of
the heater to dry. This could cause serious
damage to the heater as a result of
overheating. Do not place inflammable
materials near the heater! Please observe
these instructions for your own safety.
3. The performance of the room thermostat
will be affected if temporarily covered or
obstructed
4. When operating a brand-new heater for
the first time (or after it has been idle for a
lengthy period) you may temporarily
notice a slight smoke and smell. We
advise running the heater at full power
and thoroughly ventilating the room.
5. Any modifications to the appliance or the
use of spare parts and accessories
61
Fitted Equipment
important for operation which are not
original Truma parts, of non-observance
of the instructions for installation and use
will result in the guarantee becoming
invalid and no liability will be assumed.
or similar in front of or on top of the
heater to dry. This could cause serious
damage to the heater as a result of
overheating. Do not place inflammable
materials near the heater! Please observe
these instructions for your own safety.
Furthermore the approval for operating
the appliance will become invalid and in
some countries also the approval for
operating the vehicle.
3. When operating a brand new heater for
the first time (or after it has been idle for a
lengthy period) you may temporarily
notice a slight smoke and smell. We
advise running the heater at full power
and thoroughly ventilating the room
TECHNICAL DATA
Power supply: 230 V ~, 50 Hz
Power consumption at power setting:
500 W: 2.2 A
1000 W: 4.5 A
2000 W: 8.5 A
Weight: approx 2kg
BUTTERFLY OUTLETS
The butterfly plate may be opened or closed
to control the quantity of air and may also be
twisted around to control direction.
For uniform distribution, outlets nearest the
heater should be closed more than those
further away.
Blown air
The air ducting outlets are generally of the
butterfly type and may be opened or closed
by adjusting the butterfly valves. Twisting the
disc in its housing directs the flow in the
direction required.
One outlet on each leg of the air ducting
layout must be kept open at all times.
Switching off
Push slide switch (a) to the "OFF" position.
TECHNICAL DATA
Power supply: 230 V ~, 50 Hz
IMPORTANT OPERATING NOTES
Power consumption at power setting:
500 W: 2,2 A 1000W: 4,5 A 2000 W: 8,5 A
1. Repairs may only be carried out by an
expert.
Weight: approx. 2 kg
2. Under no circumstances should the hot
air outlet be blocked. Never hang clothes
62
4. Any modifications to the appliance or the
use of spare parts and accessories
important for the operation, which are not
original Truma parts, or non-observance
of the instructions for installation and use
will result in the guarantee becoming
invalid and no liability will be assumed.
Furthermore, the approval for operating
the appliance will become invalid and in
some countries also the approval for
operating the vehicle.
Fitted Equipment
SC20 Control Panel
SC20 CONTROL PANEL OPERATION
Symbol
Function
Description
1kW Heating
Element On/Off
230V heating cartridge switched on/off at 1050W.
2kW Heating
Element On/Off
230V heating cartridge switched on/off at 2100W.
Gas Burner
On/Off
LPG boiler switched on/off.
63
Fitted Equipment
Symbol
Function
Description
Circulating
Pump On/Off
The pump is to be switched off when only hot water is required. The heating cartridge/LPG boiler is then
operated by the boilers built in thermostat.
The pump is to be switched on when both hot water and heating is required. With this switch in the on
position the circulating pump is controlled by the TP5000 programmable room thermostat. The operation
of the heating cartridge/LPG boiler is then operated by the boilers built in thermostat.
64
Gas Burner
Flame Indication
This LED indicates when the gas burner is in an operating, rather than pilot, stage.
Fault Warning
This LED indicates that the LPG boiler is in blocking mode – that the burner has not ignited, or has gone
out for some reason.
Fitted Equipment
ALDE HEATING SYSTEM
FAULT FINDING
Please read these instructions carefully
before using the boiler.
The boiler does not start
These instructions are approved for Alde
Compact 3000 92X, 93X and 94X boilers
fitted in caravans, motor caravans and
buildings in accordance with CE no. 048 AP0013.
2. Is the main tap fully open?
A professional may only carry out installation
and repairs. National regulations must be
adhered to.
4. Check that the boiler is connected to the
electricity supply (> 11 V).
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
-
The LPG boiler and heating cartridge may
be operated in parallel.
-
The heating system may be heated up
without the warm water heater being filled
with fresh water.
-
Always drain the warm water heater of
fresh water if there is a risk of frost.
-
The LPG boiler must not be operated
when filling the vehicle with fuel, in a
garage or elsewhere.
-
The boiler must not be started if there is
no glycol in the system.
Note: If heating is to be operational
whilst unattended, ensure mains hook
up is connected. System can cause
battery to run flat, if battery is the sole
power source.
1. No LPG?
3. If the boiler has not been operated for
some time, or if the gas cylinder has been
changed, it may take longer than normal
to light the boiler.
5. Check that the fuse (T) for the boiler is
intact.
6. Check whether the overheating protection
has been tripped by unscrewing the black
plastic cap (U) and pressing the reset
button (V).
NB! If the overheating protection has
been tripped it cannot be reset until the
boiler has cooled down by 10-20°C.
Before restarting the boiler, check that it
has been properly bled.
7. Check whether the red LED on the
control panel has gone out. If not, switch
off the boiler. Wait 30 seconds and then
try restarting it.
8. Check that the boiler's electrical
connections are properly attached.
9. If none of these help, please contact a
service company.
65
Fitted Equipment
The heating cartridge is not working
1. Check that there is an electricity supply
(230 V~) to the heating cartridge.
2. Check that the relays fitted to the boiler
come on (a slight click can be heard from
the relays when the heating cartridge is
switched on at the control panel).
3. Check whether the overheating protection
has been tripped by unscrewing the black
plastic cap (U) and pressing the reset
button (V).
4. If none of these work, please contact a
service company.
GUARANTEE
Alde's guarantee is valid for one year from
the date of delivery and only covers
materials or manufacturing faults, provided
that the directions for installation and use
have been followed. The guarantee does
not cover frost damage.
NB! Only Alde original parts should be used
as replacement parts.
The boiler is fitted with a built-in warm water
heater with a volume of approx. 8.5 litres
fresh water. The warm water heater can
produce around 12 litres of 40°C water per
half-hour (at a cold water temperature of
10°C). If the heating cartridge is used instead
of gas for heating the boiler, the capacity is
slightly reduced.
66
Always rinse out the heater before it is used,
particularly if it has not been in operation for
some time.
NB! The hot water is not intended for
drinking or cooking. When the heater is in
continuous use, it should be emptied
approx. once a month, to ensure that a new
air cushion is formed in the heater. The air
cushion is essential for absorbing pressure
surges in the heater.
For emptying specially adapted boilers, as
well as any other freshwater systems in the
vehicle, please refer to the manufacturer's
instructions.
NB! The warm water heater should always
be drained of fresh water when there is a risk
of frost and when the caravan is not in use.
The guarantee does not cover frost damage.
Draining the heater using the combined
safety/drain valve:
1. Switch off the freshwater pump.
2. Open all water taps.
3. Then open the safety/drain valve by
raising the yellow lever (M) to a vertical
position.
4. The heater will now drain directly below
the vehicle through the safety/drain valve
hose. Check that all the water is emptied
out (about 7-10 litres). Leave the valve in
the open position until the next time the
heater is used.
NB! Check that the automatic check valve
(N) is open and is allowing air to enter the
heater when it is being drained, and that the
hose (O) is not blocked.
Fitted Equipment
THE HEATING CARTRIDGE
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE
AIR CIRCULATION
All compact boilers are fitted with one or two
230 V heating cartridges with a maximum
output of either 2100 or 3150 W. Select the
heating cartridge output by sliding the switch
on the control panel to the desired output
position. Always check that the input fuse of
the vehicle has the correct amperage in
relation to the selected output.
The boiler is set to a system temperature of
80°C, i.e. the temperature of the glycol fluid
as it circulates in the heating system. The
system temperature may be reduced when
required, i.e. if the warm water becomes too
hot.
In order to achieve the best possible result
from the principle of waterborne heat, it is
important to allow air to circulate freely
under bunks, and behind backrests and
wall-mounted cabinets. If the vehicle has a
fitted carpet, ensure that the carpet does not
obstruct the air supply to the radiators. It is
just as important that cushions or blankets
do no interrupt the flow of air behind
backrests and wall cabinets.
1050 W requires a 6-amp fuse.
2100 W requires a 10-amp fuse.
3150 W requires a 16-amp fuse.
THE CIRCULATION PUMP
A 12 V circulation pump is fitted in the
expansion tank. It circulates the heated
glycol fluid in the heating system. Use the
sliding switch on the control panel to start
the circulation pump. The room thermostat
on the control panel controls the circulation
pump, i.e. switches it on or off according to
the amount of heat required. The circulation
pump may also be operated continuously.
(See the control panel section.
Please note that continuous operation of
the 12 V circulation pump considerably
reduces the service life of the motor.
Lowering the system temperature
Turn the spindle (Q) anti-clockwise. A
quarter turn represents a temperature
reduction of 10°C. To increase the system
temperature, turn the axle clockwise until it
reaches its maximum position and cannot be
turned any further. The system temperature
is then reset to 80°C.
MAINTAINING THE HEATING SYSTEM
Winter camping
While camping during the winter, ensure that
the flue is kept clear of snow and ice since
the inlet air to the LPG boiler enters through
the flue. Do not start the LPG boiler until the
flue is completely free of snow. A flue
extension (part no. 300 320) for fitting on the
roof is recommended for winter camping.
The LPG system
A professional, who will ensure that there are
no leaks from connections or hoses, should
check the LPG system regularly. LPG hoses
should be changed every second year, since
their propensity to dry out and crack will
eventually result in leaks.
To increase safety, we recommend fitting an
Alde leak gauge, type 4071, as close as
possible to the pressure reduction valve.
67
Fitted Equipment
The heating system
Regularly check the heating system's fluid
level in the expansion tank. The level should
be about 1cm above the minimum indicator
in a cold tank.
The heating system should be filled with a
mixture of water and glycol. For preference,
use high quality ready-mixed glycol (with
inhibitor) intended for use in aluminium
heating systems. If using concentrated
glycol, the mixture should consist of 60%
water and 40% glycol. If the heating system
will be exposed to temperatures below 25°C, the glycol content must be increased,
but not to more than 50%.
Any vessels used for the liquid must be
spotlessly clean, and the pipes in the heating
system must be free of contamination. This
will prevent the growth of bacterial in the
system.
The glycol mixture should be checked before
topping up with new liquid. This will ensure
that the concentration of glycol in the
mixture is not too high.
If the fluid level in the expansion tank falls for
reasons other than evaporation, please
check all joints, drain cocks and bleeder
screws to ensure that they are not leaking. If
the glycol-water mixture leaks out, rinse with
water and wipe up. Never allow the heating
system to stand empty of glycol.
68
FILLING THE SYSTEM WITH GLYCOL
FLUID
NB! Any vessels used for the liquid must be
spotlessly clean, and the pipes in the heating
system must be free of contamination. This
will prevent the growth of bacterial in the
system.
The system is filled through the expansion
tank, either manually or using the Alde filling
pump which both tops up and bleeds the
system. For manual filling, unfasten the
circulation pump nut (R) and life the pump
(S) out of the tank. Slowly pour the glycol
mixture into the tank. Bleed the system.
Top up with more liquid if the level has fallen
after bleeding. Bleed a newly filled system
regularly during the first days the heating
system is in operation.
BLEEDING THE SYSTEM
Depending on how the pipes have been
fitted, air pockets may form when the
system is filled with glycol fluid. A sign that
there is air trapped in the system is that the
heat released into the pipes only extends a
metre or so from the boiler even though the
circulation pump is operating. In newly filled
systems, small air bubbles can form in the
expansion tank, creating a murmuring
sound. If the circulation pump is stopped for
a few seconds, the bubbles will disappear.
Bleeding
If a bleeder screw is fitted to the outgoing
pipe on the rear of the boiler, open this
bleeder screw and leave it open until it starts
to discharge water. If the boiler is fitted with
an automatic bleeder, there is no need to
bleed it manually.
Start the LPG boiler. The circulation pump
should be switched off. Open the remaining
bleeder screws in the system (please refer to
the instruction manual of the vehicle for their
locations). Leave the bleeder screws open
Fitted Equipment
until they start discharging fluid. Start the
circulation pump and let it run for a while.
Check that the pipes and radiators around
the vehicle are heating up. If they still fail to
heat up, try the following:
Single-axle caravans: Stop the circulation
pump. Using the jockey wheel, lower the
front of the caravan as far as possible so that
the rear is tilted upwards. Leave it in this
position for a few minutes to allow the air to
travel upwards in the system. Open the
bleeder screw at the highest point. Leave it
open until it discharges glycol fluid.
Using the jockey wheel, raise the front of the
caravan as far as possible and repeat the
procedure in this position. Then position the
caravan horizontally and start the circulation
pump. Check that the pipes and radiators
around the vehicle are heating up.
Motor caravan or twin-axle caravan: The
easiest way to bleed the heating system is to
place the vehicle on a sloping surface or to
raise one end of the vehicle using a jack.
Bleed the system as described above.
SETTINGS FOR THE OPERATION OF THE
HEATING SYSTEM AND WARM WATER
HEATER
For more information on the settings on the
control panels, please refer to sections on
the SC20 and TP5000.
WARM WATER ONLY WITH 230V HEATING
CARTRIDGE
1. Set the SC20 ‘Circulating Pump Switch’
to off.
2. Set the SC20 ‘Gas Burner on/off’ switch
to off.
3. Switch the SC20 ‘1kW heating element
on/off’ switch to on.
Please note when the system is being used
for warm water only, the electronics limit
output to 1kW, irrespective of the output
actually selected.
WARM WATER ONLY WITH LPG BOILER
1. Ensure that the gas supply is connected
and all relevant valves (bottle, manifold)
are open.
HEATING AND WARM WATER WITH 230V
HEATING CARTRIDGE
1. Set the SC20 ‘Circulating Pump Switch’
to on.
2. Set the SC20 ‘Gas Burner on/off’ switch
to off.
3. Switch the SC20 ‘1kW heating element
on/off’ switch and ‘2kW heating element
on/off’ switches together to select a total
of 1kW, 2kW or 3kW as desired, taking
into account the 230V supply available to
the caravan. (See appliance consumption
figures elsewhere in this manual)
4. Use the TP5000 programmable room
thermostat to determine heating operating
times and desired room temperature.
HEATING AND WARM WATER WITH LPG
BOILER
1. Ensure that the gas supply is connected
and all relevant valves (bottle, manifold)
are open.
2. Set the SC20 ‘Circulating Pump Switch’
to on.
2. Set the SC20 ‘Circulating Pump Switch’
to off.
3. Set the SC20 ‘Gas Burner on/off’ switch
to on.
3. Set the SC20 ‘Gas Burner on/off’ switch
to on.
4. Set the SC20 ‘1kW heating element
on/off’ and ‘2kW heating element on/off’
switches to off.
4. Set the SC20 ‘1kw heating element
on/off’ and ‘2kW heating element on/off’
switches to off.
5. Use the TP5000 programmable room
thermostat to determine heating operating
times and desired room temperature.
69
Fitted Equipment
HEATING AND WARM WATER WITH BOTH
230V HEATING CARTRIDGE AND LPG
BOILER
For use only when electricity or gas alone is
not sufficient.
2. Switch off the 230V fused isolator located
close to the boiler if the vehicle is not to
be used. If this switch is not set to off, the
boiler will remain in the standby position
and use a small amount of electricity.
TP5000 ELECTRONIC
PROGRAMMABLE ROOM
THERMOSTAT
Before programming the thermostat
press the + & – AND
and
buttons
simultaneously to reset the unit (Fig.1)
1. Ensure that the gas supply is connected
and all relevant valves (bottle, manifold)
are open.
3. For LPG isolation set the manifold or gas
bottle valves to off.
IF THE RED LIGHT COMES ON
2. Set the SC20 ‘Circulating Pump Switch’
to on.
Setting the Clock and Day
The boiler is fitted with an ionised flame
sensor. This means that if the flame goes out
for some reason, the electronics will attempt
to re-light it. If the flame is not re-lit within
ten seconds, a solenoid valve within the
boiler switches off the gas supply, the
electronics are ‘blocked’, and the fault
warning LED on the SC20 panel will
illuminate. The electronics must be re-set
before the boiler can be started.
- Press PROG (Fig.2) to begin programming
3. Set the SC20 ‘Gas Burner on/off’ switch
to on.
4. Switch the SC20 ‘1kW heating element
on/off’ switch and ‘2kW heating element
on/off’ switches together to select a total
of 1kW, 2kW or 3kW as desired, taking
into account the 230V supply available to
the caravan. (See appliance consumption
figures elsewhere in this manual)
5. Use the TP5000 programmable room
thermostat to determine heating operating
times and desired room temperature.
SWITCHING OFF THE LPG BOILER,
HEATING CARTRIDGE AND CIRCULATION
PUMP
1. Set the SC20 ‘Circulating pump’, ‘Gas
burner’, ‘1kW heating element’ and 2kW
heating element’ switches to off.
70
RESETTING FROM THE BLOCKED
POSITION
Switch the SC20 ‘gas burner’ switch to off.
The fault warning light will go out.
Wait for approx. 30 seconds while the
electronics re-set the block.
Set the SC ‘gas burner on/off’ switch back to
on – The electronics will once again attempt
to re-start the boiler.
- Use + or – buttons (Fig.3) to adjust the
TIME (Fig.4)
- Press PROG again (Fig.2)
- Use + or – buttons (Fig.3) until correct DAY
is shown (Fig.5)
(1 = Monday, 2 = Tuesday, etc)
Accepting the Factory Pre-settings
The TP5000 has pre-set times already
programmed in, which often suit most people
(see Table below).
To accept these settings close the front
cover and after 2 minutes the presettings will
automatically be accepted.
Mon-Fri
Event
Time
Temp°C
1
2
3
4
5
6
06.30
08.30
11.30
13.30
16.30
22.30
20
15
20
15
21
15
Fitted Equipment
Returning to RUN mode
Sat-Sun
Event
Time
Temp°C
1
2
3
4
5
6
07.00
16.00
23.00
00.00
01.00
01.59
20
21
15
15
15
15
To adjust the factory pre-settings and set
your own time and temperature
programmes
For Days 1-5 (weekdays)
a) Press PROG (Fig.2) 3 times to show the
1st pre-set time and temperature
(Event 1 Days 1,2,3,4,5) (Fig.6)
b) Use + or – buttons (Fig.3) to adjust the
TIME (press and hold to change in 10 min
increments)
c) Use
or
buttons (Fig.7) to adjust the
TEMPERATURE
The TP5000 has several useful overrides
which can be selected without affecting the
thermostat programming
- Selection of time or actual room
temperature in main LCD display – press +
and – together to change between settings
(Fig.11)
- Temporary override of programmed
temperature – press
or
until required
temperature is displayed (override will
automatically cancel at beginning of next
programmed event) (Fig.12)
Fig 7.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 8.
- Temporary use of weekend programmes –
press
and
together once (override
cancels at 2:00am) (Fig.13)
e) Repeat steps b, c & d for programming
Events 3, 4 5 & 6
For Days 6-7 (weekends)
Summer Time / Winter Time Clock
a) Press PROG (Fig.2) to show 1st pre-set
time and temperature (Event 1 Days 6-7)
(Fig.9)
- To change from Summer to Winter (clocks
back) - press and hold - button (Fig.15)
b) Repeat steps b, c and d above to
programme time and temperature events
for the weekend.
Fig 6.
Temporary User Overrides
- Frost Protection – a constant low
temperature can be selected whilst away
from home - press
and
together
twice (Fig.14). To return to automatic
programming press
and
together
again
d) Press PROG (Fig.2) to move to next
preset time & temp (Event 2) (Fig.8)
Fig 1.
Press PROG (Fig.2) – the colon in the LCD
display will start to flash (Fig.10)
Fig 4.
Fig 9.
Fig 5.
Fig 10.
- To change from Winter to Summer (clocks
forward) - press and hold + button (Fig.15)
71
Fitted Equipment
Battery Replacement
Fig 16.
- A low battery symbol will flash in the LCD
display (Fig.16)
- You have 15 days to replace the battery
before the unit will switch off.
- When changing batteries, remove old
batteries and insert new ones within ONE
MINUTE and programming will not be lost.
NB. If the display ever goes blank during
normal operation, the batteries will need to
be renewed, the unit reset and the time and
programmes reset.
Fig 11.
Fig 14.
REFRIGERATOR
When using your refrigerator for the first time,
it is advisable to wash the interior and its
accessories.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Fig 15.
When the caravan is on tow, the refrigerator
should be operated electrically, i.e. from the
12V battery in the towing vehicle, and not by
means of bottled gas.
CONTROLS
The refrigerator can be run on either 230V,
12V or LP gas. Changing between these
modes of operation is carried out by means
of the controls shown on the relevant control
panel.
Caution!
Only use one source of energy at a time.
72
Fitted Equipment
DOMETIC RM7271L, RM7275L,
RM7291L, RM7295L, RM7361L,
RM7365L, RM7401L AND
RM7405L
You have made an excellent choice in
selecting the Dometic Absorption
Refrigerator. We are sure that you will be fully
satisfied with your new appliance in all
respects.
The appliance, which works silently, meets
high quality standards and guarantees the
efficient utilisation of resources and energy
throughout its entire life cycle, during
manufacture, in use and when being
disposed of.
Before you start to use the appliance, please
read the installation and operating
instructions carefully.
The refrigerator is designed for installation in
leisure vehicles such as caravans or
motorcaravans. The appliance has been
certified for this application in accordance
with EU Gas Directive 90/396/EEC.
WARNING AND SAFETY NOTICES
Warning: Never use a naked flame to
check the appliance for leaks.
• Protect children!
• When disposing of the refrigerator,
remove all refrigerator doors and leave
the storage rack in the refrigerator. This
will prevent accidental locking in or
suffocation.
• If you smell gas:
-
close the locking tap of the gas supply
and the valve on the cylinder.
-
open the windows and leave the room.
-
do not switch on anything electrical.
-
extinguish naked flames.
• Never open the cooling unit; it is under
high pressure.
• Work on the gas, flue system and
electrical components must only be
carried out by qualified service personnel.
• It is imperative that the operating
pressure should correspond to the data
given on the model plate of the
appliance.
• Compare the operating pressure data
given on the model plate with the data on
the pressure monitor of the liquid gas
cylinder.
• Gas operation of the appliance is not
permitted while travelling on ferries.
• Covers ensure electrical safety and must
only be removed using a tool.
• The appliance must not be exposed to
rain.
• The refrigerator is not suitable for the
proper storage of medications.
COOLANT
Ammonia is used as a coolant.
This is a natural compound also used in
household cleaning agents (1 litre of
Salmiak cleaner contains up to 200g of
ammonia - about twice as much as is used
in the refrigerator). Sodium chromate is used
for corrosion protection (1.8% of the
solvent).
In the event of leakage (easily identifiable
from the unpleasant odour):
• switch off the appliance.
• air the room thoroughly.
• inform the authorised Customer Service
department.
WARRANTY AND CUSTOMER SERVICE
Warranty arrangements are in accordance
with EC Directive 44/1999/CE and the
normal conditions applicable for the country
concerned. For warranty or other servicing,
please contact our Dometic Service
department. Any damage due to impro- per
use is not covered by the warranty. The
warranty does not cover any modifications to
the appliance or the use of non-original
Dometic parts;
the warranty does not apply if the installation
and operating instructions are not adhered
to and no liability shall be entertained. Parts
can be ordered throughout Europe from our
73
Fitted Equipment
Dometic Service department. Your Service
Centre contact numbers numbers are found
in the "European Service Network" booklet
When contacting Dometic Service, please
state the model, product number and serial
number together with the MLC Code, if
applicable. You will find this information on
the data plate inside the refrigerator.
DESCRIPTION OF MODEL
Refrigerator Mobile /
Mobile Absorption Refrigerator
"L" with interior light
Warning: To avoid deterioration of
materials:
• Do not use soap or hard, abrasive or
soda-based cleaning agents.
• Do not allow the door seal to come
into contact with oil or grease.
Using the refrigerator
• The cooling unit is silent in operation.
• When the appliance is first put into
operation, there may be a mild odour
which will disappear after a few hours.
• Ensure the living area is well ventilated.
RM 7401 L
Last digit 1 = manual energy selection
Last digit 5 = automatic and manual
energy selection
CLEANING
Before using the refrigerator, it is advisable
to clean the appliance both inside and out.
• The refrigerator will take several hours to
reach its operating temperature in the
cooling compartment
• The freezer compartment should be cold
about one hour after switching on the
refrigerator.
Controls
A. Manual energy selection MES (e.g. RM
7XX1 L)
• Use a soft cloth and lukewarm water with
a mild detergent.
• Then rinse the appliance with clean water
and dry thoroughly.
• Remove dust from the refrigerator unit at
yearly intervals using a brush or soft
cloth.
74
B. Automatic and manual energy selection
AES ( e.g. RM 7XX5 L)
A = energy selection switch
B = gas/electric thermostat AC/DC
C = operating displays (3 LEDs)
A = energy selection switch
B = gas/electric thermostat AC/DC
C = operating displays (4 LEDs)
D = temperature setting display
E = dimmer for LED-displays
(only accessible when door opens)
Note: The refrigerator is equipped to operate
on mains power, DC or liquid gas (propane/
butane). The desired power option is
selected by means of energy selector switch
(A). Energy selector switch (A) has four
settings: AC mains power, DC (12V), Gas
(liquid gas), OFF.
Appliances with automatic energy selection
have the additional setting "AUTO" .
OFF
Gas
AC mains power
12V DC
Automatic energy
selection
Fitted Equipment
MANUAL ENERGY SELECTION
ELECTRICAL OPERATION
12V - operation (DC)
Warning: The refrigerator should only
be used while the motor is running,
otherwise the on-board-battery would
be discharged within a few hours!
Note: If the operating display fails to light up
( it lights up "red" at AES models ) the device
is not in operation. (For troubleshooting see
page 82).
Mains power
This option should only be selected where
the supply voltage of the connection for
power supply corresponds to the value
specified on the data plate. Any difference in
values may result in damage the appliance.
3. Use rotary switch (B) to regulate the
temperature in the main refrigerator
compartment.
Note: If the operating display fails to light up
( it lights up "red" at AES models ) the device
is not in operation. (For troubleshooting see
page 82)
GAS OPERATION
• The refrigerator should only be operated
using liquid gas (propane, butane). Do not
use town gas or natural gas.
• If the refrigerator is operated during travel
using gas, the precautions stipulated by
the legislation in the respective country
must be taken (in conformity with the
European standard EN 732).
1. Set energy selector switch (A) to 12V .
2. Operating display "C", 12V lights "green".
Appliance is in function.
1. Set energy selector switch (A) to 230V .
2. Operating display "C", 230V lights
"green".
Appliance is in function.
• Operating the refrigerator with gas is not
permitted during travel in France and
Australia.
• As a basic rule, operation using gas is
prohibited in petrol stations.
1. Open the valve of the gas cylinder
2. Open the shut-off valve to the gas supply.
3. Use rotary switch (B) to regulate the
temperature in the main refrigerator
compartment.
75
Fitted Equipment
1. Set energy selector switch (A) to gas
2. Set rotary switch (B) to "MAX" position.
The ignition process is activated
automatically, accompanied by a ticking
sound approx. 30 sec. Upon successful
ignition, the display LED (C) "Gas" lights
yellow.The refrigerator is in function. Use
rotary switch (B) to regulate the temperature
in the main refrigerator compartment.
GAS FAULTS
In the event of a gas fault (e.g. gas cylinder
empty), the operating display (C) flashes
yellow.
If after about 30 seconds the operating
display (C) starts flashing red again, the
gas fault has not been cleared (e.g. air in
the gas pipe).
5. Briefly switch the refrigerator off and then
on again using main switch (A).
To remove air from the gas pipes, repeat
this procedure 3-4 times.
If these actions do not help, please call an
authorised Dometic Service Centre.
AUTOMATIC ENERGY SELECTION (ONLY
WITH RM 7XX5 L)
Explanations
Upon switching on, the electronics
automatically select one of the three
possible energy types: 230V - 12V - liquid
gas. The control electronics
automatically ensure that the refrigerator is
supplied with the optimum source of energy
in each respective case.
Priority
1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)
Solar (12V DC)
230V AC
12V DC
Liquid gas
"AUTO"-OPERATION
RM7XX5 L - models are equipped with an
"AUTO"-MATIC function.
The selected energy is displayed by the
corresponding LED (i.e. 230V).
Remedies:
Set the energy selector switch (A) to
position "OFF".
1. Is there any gas in the gas bottle?
2. Is the gas bottle valve open?
3. Is the on-board shut-off valve open?
4. Set the main switch (A) to "on"
The reignition starts again.
76
230 V - operation
1. Set energy selection switch (A) to position
"AUTO" .
The LED "AUTO" illuminates.
Note: Manual operation is possible at any
time.
If sufficient supply voltage is available (more
than 200V), this power source is selected as
the first option ( no solar-system installed).
12 V - operation
12V operation should only be selected while
the vehicle motor is running or there is
sufficient voltage available from the solar
Fitted Equipment
system. This can be detected from the D+
connection of the alternator to the
electronics, or from the respective signal on
the solar charge regulator.
Gas faults at "AUTO" mode
If gas faults occur the operating LED "C"
flashes yellow.
GAS OPERATION
Gas operation is selected in the following
circumstances:
Additional functions (RM 7XX5 L - models
only)
• Temperature setting display (D) with 4
LED to indicate the selected temperature
(MIN - MAX)
• LED - dimmer (E) for adjusting the
brightness of the display-LED (only
accessible when door opens)
• No supply voltage available.
• The vehicle engine is not running.
• Supply voltage less than 200V
Refuelling Stop
In order to prevent an unintentional switch to
gas operation during refuelling, the electronic
system starts gas operation of the
refrigerator, after the motor has been turned
off for 15 mins. During this time the
appliance is in stand-by operation mode and
only the "AUTO" LED lights up.
The use of naked flames is prohibited in
petrol station environments. If the
refuelling stop lasts longer than 15 mins.,
the refrigerator should be switched off at
the main switch (A), or switched over to
another energy type.
Remedies:
Set the energy selector switch (A) to position
"OFF".
1. Is there any gas in the gas bottle?
2. Is the gas bottle valve open?
3. Is the on-board shut-off valve open?
4. Set the main switch (A) to "on"
The ignition starts again.
If after about 30 seconds the operating
display (C) starts flashing red again, the
gas fault has not been cleared (e.g. air in
the gas pipe).
5. Briefly switch the refrigerator off and then
on again using main switch (A).
To remove air from the gas pipes, repeat
this procedure 3-4 times.
If these actions do not help, please call an
authorised Dometic Service Centre.
Underneath the fascia is a knurled knob for
adjusting the brightness (see item E above)
Temperature setting cooling compartment
As shown, you are able to regulate the
temperature of the cooling compartment, if
necessary, by turning rotary knob (B) .
77
Fitted Equipment
MAKING ICE CUBES
Ice cubes are best frozen overnight. At night,
the refrigerator has less work to do and the
unit has more reserves.
The cooling unit’s performance is influenced
by ambient temperatures.
Tip: Please select the medium setting for
ambient temperatures between +15°C and
+25°C. The unit operates within its optimum
performance range.
1. Fill the ice cube tray
with drinking water.
Only use drinking
water!
2. Place the ice cube
tray in the freezer
compartment.
• Always store food in sealed containers,
aluminium foil or similar.
The freezer compartment is suitable for
making ice cubes and for short-term storage
of frozen food. It is not suitable as a means
of freezing foods.
78
6. Switch the refrigerator back on again.
Warning: The layer of ice must never be
removed forcibly, nor may defrosting be
accelerated using a heat source.
POSITIONING THE STORAGE RACK
• Never put hot food into the refrigerator,
always let it cool down first.
• Store quickly perishable foods directly
next to the cooling fins.
5. Use a cloth to mop up the water from the
freezer compartment.
Note: Water thawing in the main
compartment of the refrigerator runs into an
appropriate container at the back of the
refrigerator. From there, the water
evaporates.
STORING FOOD
• Products that could emit volatile,
flammable gases must not be stored in
the refrigerator.
4. After defrosting (freezer compartment and
fins free of frost), wipe the cabinet dry
with a cloth.
Dismantling:
DEFROSTING
As time goes by, frost builds up on the fins.
When the layer of frost is about 3mm thick,
the refrigerator should be defrosted.
1. Switch off the refrigerator, as described
on page 74 - "Switching off".
2. Remove the ice cube tray and food.
3. Leave the refrigerator door open.
1. Loosen the front
and back securing
brackets.
2. Move the storage
rack to the left and
remove it.
Fitted Equipment
To fit the storage rack, the reverse order
applies.
DOOR LOCKING
Open
Lower ventilation grille (L200
Close
Upper ventilation grille with flue vent
( L100)
Switching off gas operation
Park-position/
vent-position
3. Affix the cover and fasten it.
If the refrigerator is to be taken out of service
for an extended period of time, the on-board
shut-off valve and the cylinder valve must be
closed.
WINTER OPERATION
SWITCHING OFF
1. Set energy selector switch (A) to position
"0" (OFF). The appliance is now fully
switched off.
2. Secure the door open by means of the
door stop. The door will be slightly ajar.
This is to prevent mould from forming
inside the appliance.
1. Check that the ventilation grills and the
extractor have not been blocked by snow,
leaves or similar.
2. When the ambient temperature falls
below +8°C, the optional winter covers
should be fitted. This protects the unit
from excessively cold air.
79
Fitted Equipment
4. Clip the cover
back in place.
Note: For 12V
DC : 1 light bulb
12V, 2W
Tip: It is also recommended that the winter
covers should be used when the vehicle is
taken out of service for an extended period
of time.
INTERIOR LIGHT
4
Please contact Dometic Service Centres for
replacement light bulbs.
3
4
5
6
CHANGING THE DECOR PANEL
1. Open the door and loosen the hinge
screw.
2. Take off the door by moving it upwards.
Changing the light bulbs
3. Unscrew the door strip (3 screws).
1. Remove cover.
4. Remove the decor plate and insert a new
decor plate.
2. Detach
defective
light bulb.
5. Screw the door strip back in position.
3. Fit new light
bulb
6. Put the door back on.
1
7. Tighten the hinge screw.
7
2
Dimensions of the panels in mm:
3
Model
1
80
2
RM
RM
RM
RM
7271
7361
7291
7401
/..75
/..65
/..95
/..05
Height
Width
713+/-1
713+/-1
718+/-1
718+/-1
453.5+/-1
453.5+/-1
491.5+/-1
491.5+/-1
Thickness
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
Fitted Equipment
Changing the doorhang
1
It is not always possible to change the door
when the refrigerator is installed.
2
1. Open the door, unscrew the hinge
screw and keep it to hand.
2. Take off the door by moving it upwards.
5. Attach the door.
8. Screw the hinge screw back in
6
7
5
3
4
8
81
Fitted Equipment
TROUBLESHOOTING
Before calling the authorised Service
Department, please check whether:
Failure : The refrigerator does not work in gas operation mode
Possible cause
Action you can take
1. The instructions in the section "Using the
refrigerator" have been followed.
Gas bottle empty
Change gas bottle
Is the supply cut-out device open?
Open the cut-out device
2. The refrigerator is not tilted excessively.
Air in the gas pipe?
Switch device off and on again 3-4 times to
remove air from the gas pipe
3. It is possible to operate the refrigerator
with an available power source.
Note: The Seven Series refrigerator requires a constant 12 volt supply for the fridge to operate
on gas. Disconnecting the leisure battery will switch off the gas operation of the fridge.
Failure : The refrigerator does not work on 12V
Possible cause
Action you can take
On-board fuse defective
Fit new fuse
On-board battery discharged
Check battery, charge it
Engine not running
Start engine
Failure : The refrigerator does not work on 230V
Possible cause
Action you can take
On-board fuse defective.
Fit new fuse.
No connection to supply voltage.
Establish power connection.
AES: gas operation despite connection
to the supply voltage?
Appliance switches to gas operation due to
insufficient supply voltage (automatically
switches back to 230 V operation)
Fitted Equipment
Failure : The refrigerator does not cool sufficiently
Possible cause
Action you can take
Inadequate ventilation to the unit.
Check that the ventilation grilles are not
covered.
The thermostat setting is too low.
Turn the thermostat to a higher setting.
There is too much ice on the condenser.
Check that the refrigerator door seals
when shut.
Too much warm food put inside.
Let food cool down first.
Appliance running for a short time.
Wait several hours, check again.
MAINTENANCE
• Works on gas components and electrical
installation may only be carried out by
authorised personnel. We recommend
you contact your Dometic Service Centre.
• EN 1949 stipulates that the appliance´s
gas equipment and it’s associated fume
system must be inspected after
installation and a certificate issued.
Afterwards a qualified technician must
inspect according to EN 1949 every two
years and a certificate issued.
It is the user’s responsibly to arrange
for inspections after purchase.
• It is recommended that the gas burner be
inspected and cleaned as necessary at
least once a year.
• We recommend maintenance following an
extended shutdown of the vehicle.
PRODUCT LIABILITY
Product liability of Dometic GmbH does not
include damages which may arise from
faulty operation, improper alterations or
intervention in the equipment, adverse
effects from the environment such as
changes in temperature and air humidity,
which may impact the equipment itself or the
direct vicinity of the equipment or persons in
the area.
ENVIRONMENTAL HINTS
Refrigerators manufactured by Dometic
GmbH are CFC-free.
Ammonia (a natural compound of hydrogen
and nitrogen) is used in the cooling unit as a
coolant. The non-ozone-hazardous
cyclopentan is used as a propellant in the
manufacture of the PU foam insulation.
DISPOSAL
In order to ensure that the recyclable
packaging materials are re-used, these
should be sent to the usual local collection
system.
The appliance should be transferred to a
suitable waste disposal company that will
ensure re-use of the recyclable components
and proper disposal of the rest.
For eco-friendly draining of the coolant from
all absorber refrigeration units, a suitable
disposal plant should be used.
ENERGY-SAVING TIPS
• At an average ambient temperature of
approx. 25°C, it is sufficient to operate the
refrigerator at the middle thermostat
setting (for both gas and mains voltage).
• Where possible, always store goods that
have previously been cooled.
• Do not position the refrigerator in direct
sunlight.
• Constant circulation of air must be
supplied to the refrigerator unit.
• Defrost regularly.
• Open the door only for a short time when
removing goods from the refrigerator.
• Run the refrigerator for about 12 hours
before filling it.
83
Fitted Equipment
TECHNICAL DATA
Model
Dimensions
H x W x D (mm)
depth incl. door
Gross capacity
incl. freezer
compartment
Usable
capacity of
freezer
compartment
Connection
Mains / Battery
*Consumption
electricity / gas
in 24 hrs
Netweight
RM7271L
821x586cx541
77 litre
9.5 litre
125 W / 120 W
ca.2.5 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
✓
RM7275L
821x586cx541
77 litre
9.5 litre
125 W / 120 W
ca.2.5 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
✓
RM7291L
821x525cx541
86 litre
10.5 litre
125 W / 120 W
ca.2.6 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
✓
RM7295L
821x525cx541
86 litre
10.5 litre
125 W / 120 W
ca.2.6 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
✓
RM7361L
821x586cx541
88 litre
9.5 litre
135 W / 130 W
ca.2.6 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
RM7365L
821x586cx541
88 litre
9.5 litre
135 W / 130 W
ca.2.6 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
RM7401L
821x525cx541
97 litre
10.5 litre
135 W / 130 W
ca.2.6 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
RM7405L
821x525cx541
97 litre
10.5 litre
135 W / 130 W
ca.2.6 KWh / 260g
26kg
✓
We reserve the right to make technical changes.
*Average consumption measured at an average ambient temperature of 25°C in pursuance of ISO Standard.
84
Ignition
Burn Control
Device /
Ignition unit
Stepped
cabinet
Fitted Equipment
A
B
C
D
thermostat has no "off" position when the
refrigerator runs on LP gas.
If the lamp starts flashing again, repeat steps
4-6.
STARTING THE REFRIGERATOR
To terminate gas operation, turn the knob (A)
to "OFF" position.
LP Gas operation
Fig. C Control Panel - RM4501
Manual Ignition
MODEL RM4501
After initial installation, servicing, or changing
gas cylinders etc., the gas pipes may
contain some air, which should be allowed to
escape by briefly turning on the refrigerator
or other appliances. This will ensure that the
flame lights immediately.
The refrigerator can be run on 230V, 12V
or LP gas. Changing between these modes
of operation is carried out by means of the
control buttons positioned as shown in
fig. C.
To start gas operation:
The energy selection (A) can be set at either
"AC" (230V), "DC" (12V), "GAS" (LP gas) or
"OFF".
2. Set the thermostat knob (D) to the
highest setting.
An indicator lamp (B) at the control panel
flashes when the automatic ignitor attempts
to light the burner. Otherwise this lamp is
off.
The refrigerator is fitted with a safety device,
which automatically shuts off the supply of
gas if the flame goes out. The safety device
can be opened manually be depressing knob
(C).
The refrigerator temperature is controlled by
a thermostat (D) when the refrigerator runs
on 230V and LP gas. Please note that the
1. Open the shut off valve of the gas bottle
(check that there is enough gas). Open
any on-board shut-off valve.
3. Turn the energy selector (A) to position
"GAS". A ticking sound will be heard and
the lamp (B) will start flashing.
4. Press the button (C). This opens the
flame failure device and allows gas to
flow to the burner.
5. When the flame lights, the sparking stops
automatically and the lamp stops
flashing.
6. Keep the knob (C) depressed for another
10-15 seconds to activate the flame
failure device, then release it.
230V operation
Before taking the refrigerator into operation,
check that the voltage stated on the data
plate is the same as the main voltage in use.
• Turn the thermostat knob (D) to its
highest (coldest) position.
• Set the energy selector (A) to position "AC"
12 V operation
Only operate your refrigerator on 12V when
the engine of the vehicle is running - otherwise your battery will soon be discharged.
• Set the energy selector (A) to position "DC"
REGULATING THE TEMPERATURE
It will take a few hours for the refrigerator to
reach normal operating temperature. We
therefore suggest you start it well in advance
of a trip and if possible store it with precooled foodstuffs.
On 230V operation and LP gas operation the
refrigerator is controlled by a thermostat and
the thermostat knob (D) should be set at 3-5.
If a lower (colder) temperature is desired, set
the thermostat to a higher figure.
On 12V operation the refrigerator works
continuously.
85
Fitted Equipment
THETFORD ABSORBER
REFRIGERATORS
This user’s information is for all N80 models
of Thetford absorber refrigerators. It explains
how to use your refrigerator correctly and
safely. Read the manual carefully before
using the refrigerator for the first time to
obtain a quick overview of how to operate
and use the refrigerator.
Thetford absorber refrigerators are specially
designed to store fresh and frozen food and
make ice cubes in caravans and campers.
The control panel allows you to select the
preferred energy source. Different energy
sources allow you to use your refrigerator
under different conditions.
Thetford absorber refrigerators belong to
category C11: gas appliances that must be
installed so that they are isolated from the
living space.
To find out more about how your absorber
refrigerator works, visit our website at
www.thetford-europe.com .
PRECAUTIONS AND SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS
product or to the user if the user
fails to carry out the described
procedures carefully. Nonobservance of the procedures
may result in serious injury to
the user or damage to the
product.
Caution!
“Caution” alerts the user to the
possibility of damage to the
product if the user fails to carry
out the described procedures
carefully.
Important! “Important” denotes
supplementary information for
the user and alerts the user to
potential problems.
Tip!
“Tip” provides the user with
suggestions and advice for
carrying out certain actions more
easily or handily.
Warnings
• This refrigerator must be installed
according to the manufacturer’s
instructions and in compliance with local
and national regulations.
Alerts
• Read this manual carefully before you
start to use your refrigerator.
The following alerts are used in this user’s
manual:
• Always consult the warnings before you
perform any maintenance or gas checks.
Warning!
86
“Warning” alerts the user to the
danger of damage to the
Repairs/maintenance
• Never open or damage the cooling
system. The cooling system is pressurised
and contains substances harmful to
health.
• Never attempt to repair gas, extractor or
electrical parts yourself. They must be
repaired by a qualified service engineer.
Contact the Customer Service department
of Thetford for a list of qualified parties.
• Always switch off the refrigerator before
you perform any kind of maintenance or
cleaning.
Use
• Never cover the ventilation gratings in the
walls of a caravan. Good ventilation is
essential for the correct working of the
absorber system.
• Never expose the refrigerator to rain.
• Never operate the refrigerator by gas
while driving. If a road accident results in
fire, there is a risk of explosion.
What to do if...
• You smell gas:
- close the valve of the gas bottle;
- extinguish any naked flames;
- do not switch on any electrical devices
or lighting;
Fitted Equipment
- open the windows and leave the room;
- contact the Customer Service
department of Thetford.
• You suspect a leak in the cooling system:
- switch off the refrigerator;
- extinguish any naked flames;
- provide sufficient ventilation;
- contact the Customer Service
department of Thetford.
ABOUT YOUR REFRIGERATOR
Your refrigerator has a cold space and a
freezer compartment. After starting up the
refrigerator, allow it to cool for at least eight
hours before placing any food in it.
Cold space
The condenser is located on the inside of
your refrigerator. The absorber system uses
the condenser to draw off heat from the
refrigerator. Therefore, never place plastic or
paper over the condenser. Air must be able
to circulate freely through the refrigerator so
that heat can be extracted.
Important! Do not cover the condenser at
the back of the refrigerator with plastic or
paper. The refrigerator cools optimally when
air is allowed to move freely through the
refrigerator.
• To limit frosting on the condenser:
- always cover liquid foods before placing
them in the refrigerator;
- always let hot food cool before placing
it in the refrigerator;
- never keep the refrigerator open longer
than necessary.
Fitting racks
Inside your refrigerator there are two or three
storage racks. You can adjust the racks to a
convenient height by means of a simple click
system:
Securing products for driving
One of the racks in your refrigerator has a
system for securing products for driving. The
system consists of a simple click-and-slide
plastic strip. To secure products on the rack
while driving, push the plastic strip as tightly
as you can against the products on the rack.
In the storage space on the inside of the
refrigerator door, there is the unique Thetford
flexible bottle slide. The slide prevents bottles
from sliding around during driving. Push the
slide against the products in the door or
place the products between the bottle slide.
• click the plastic bracket to the right short
side of the rack;
• turn the bracket into the horizontal
position and insert the rack, tipped in a
sloping position, into the refrigerator;
• place the short side without bracket into
one of the grooves on the left wall of the
refrigerator;
• place the short side with bracket in the
corresponding groove on the right wall of
the refrigerator;
• turn the bracket downwards to fix it into
the groove.
To move a rack, turn the bracket upwards
and remove the rack. Place the rack at the
required height in the way described above.
87
Fitted Equipment
Freezer compartment
The two-star freezer compartment (N90) is
suitable for making ice cubes and for storing
frozen foods for a short time.
Important!
- The freezer compartment is unsuitable
as a means of freezing food.
- Use only drinking water to make ice
cubes.
you can make doubly sure that the door
does not come open during your journey.
Technical data
Category:
C11
If you are not going to use the refrigerator for
a prolonged period of time, you can use the
special hook of the door locking mechanism
to prevent odours. Turn the hook a quarter of
one rotation to position it at right-angles to
the refrigerator. In this position, the hook
prevents the door from closing.
AC:
230V (50/60 Hz)
DC:
12V
Gas types:
I3+ (28-30/G3: 37
mbar) (Countries: BE,
FR, IE, LU, PT, GB, GR,
IT)
I3B/P (G30/G31: 28-30
mbar) (Countries: DK,
DE, IS, NL, SE, FI, NO)
- Do not place any other products in the
freezer compartment when you are
making ice cubes.
(G30 = butane,
G31 = propane)
- Water freezes fastest with the thermostat
at the highest setting.
Tip!
- Make ice cubes at night when your
refrigerator has more spare capacity.
Door locking mechanism
The refrigerator door has an automatic
locking mechanism. The door locks
automatically when you press it shut firmly.
The lock releases unnoticed when you open
the refrigerator with your hand. This
automatic locking mechanism also keeps the
refrigerator door shut during driving. For
some models an additional security device is
fitted below the refrigerator. By pushing the
locking bar over the closed refrigerator door
88
Some models have the fridges fitted behind
furniture doors. In this instance a positive
push lock is provided for securing the fridge
door in transit.
Model:
N90 x Exxx
Dimensions
H x W x D (mm)
Depth incl. door:
821 x 525 x 543
Gross volume
incl. Freezer (L):
89
Net volume
incl. Freezer (L):
81
Volume freezer (L):
10.5
Input * (kWh/24h):
2.8
Input * (gr./24h):
238
Net weight (kg):
25
Ignition:
Piezo or Electronic
*average energy consumption at ambient
temperature of 25°
Fitted Equipment
SWITCHING ON THE REFRIGERATOR
(N90)
• It is recommendable to clean the inside of
the refrigerator before you switch it on.
• Let the refrigerator cool for at least eight
hours before you place food in it for the
first time.
• The freezer compartment should be cold
one hour after switching on the
refrigerator.
B. The thermostat controls the refrigerator
temperature when the refrigerator is
powered from the mains (230 V) or gas.
The refrigeration level is indicated by the
dots (the bigger the dot, the colder the
setting).
C. The flame meter shows whether the flame
is burning. The flame is burning when the
meter comes into the green area.
Igniting and starting your refrigerator
D. Pressing the manual (piezoelectric) starter
produces a spark that ignites the flame in
the burner.
Automatic ignition (N90E)
Electrical operation
The refrigerator can be powered by
electricity in two ways:
• 12 V DC: Set the energy source selector
switch (A) to
A = Energy source selector switch
B = Thermostat
C = Flame meter
• the refrigerator will now be powered by
the battery of your car or camper.
Important!
A. The refrigerator can be powered by the
mains (230V), direct current (12V) or liquid
gas. Select the energy source that you
want by means of the energy source
selector switch (A). The switch has four
settings:
• direct current (DC)
• mains supply
• gas
- Always use the gas connection or mains
voltage to start up the refrigerator for
the first time and to cool it. Powering
from the battery of your vehicle is
suitable only for maintaining the
temperature of the refrigerator and its
contents once it has been refrigerated.
- When powered by a vehicle battery the
refrigerator works without temperature
control (i.e. constant operation).
• Mains voltage (230 V): set the power
selector switch (A) to
• Set the temperature by means of the
thermostat, rotary switch (B). Position 5 is
the coldest temperature setting.
Powering with gas
Warning!
- Flammable material must be kept away
from the refrigerator.
- For selection of gas type, see the
information plate inside your refrigerator.
- For the pressure regulator model, see
the information plate inside your
refrigerator.
- The type of gas container and its
location must be in compliance with the
most recent regulations. Ensure that the
unit is installed in a location with good
ventilation and make sure that the
ventilation openings in the gas container
storage location remain open.
- The changing of the gas container must
be done outside in the open air and out
of reach of any possible sources of
ignition.
- It is prohibited to use gas to power the
refrigerator while you are driving. If a
road accident results in fire, there is a
danger of explosion.
• switched off
89
Fitted Equipment
- It is prohibited to use gas to power the
refrigerator in the vicinity of petrol
stations.
1. Open the valve of the gas bottle and the
gas taps.
2. Set the gas control button to the 5th
position.
3. Set the energy source selector switch (A)
to
4. Ignite the gas flame:
Warning! Never keep the thermostat
depressed for longer than 30 seconds. If
a flame does not appear, wait at least
five minutes before trying again. If you
fail to observe this rule, there may be an
accumulation of gas creating the risk of
fire or explosion.
- Set the desired refrigeration level by means
of the thermostat (B). (The bigger the dot,
the colder the setting)
Electrical ignition (N90E)
Manual ignition (N90P)
A = Energy source selector switch
B = Thermostat
C = Flame meter
D = Manual ignition (piezo electric ignition)
- Press the thermostat (B) and keep it
depressed.
- Ignition takes place automatically. You will
hear a ticking noise. If ignition was
successful, the noise will stop and the
flame meter will turn green. Release the
thermostat.
- If the flame goes out, ignition will be
repeated automatically.
- Press the thermostat (B), and keep it
depressed.
- Set the desired refrigeration level by means
of the thermostat (B).
- Press the button for manual ignition several
times at intervals of between 1 and 2
seconds.
Switching off the refrigerator
- Release the thermostat when the indicator
of the flame meter enters the green area. If
it does not enter the green area, repeat the
previous step.
90
- Set the energy source selector switch (A)
to;
- The refrigerator is now completely switched
off.
- Use the door locking mechanism to lock
the open door. This prevents unpleasant
odours and mould in the refrigerator.
Important! If you are not going to use the
refrigerator for a prolonged period, close the
valve of the gas bottle and the gas taps.
Electrical operation
The refrigerator can be powered by
electricity in two ways:
- DC (12V): Set the energy source selector
switch (A) to
the refrigerator will now
be powered by the battery of your car or
camper.
Important! - Always use the gas connection
or mains voltage to start up the refrigerator
for the first time and to cool it. Powering
from the battery of your vehicle is suitable
only for maintaining the temperature of the
refrigerator and its contents once it has been
refrigerated.
- When powered by a vehicle battery the
refrigerator works without temperature
control (i.e. constant operation).
- Mains voltage (230 V): set the power
selector switch (A) to
- Set the temperature by means of the
thermostat, rotary switch (B).
(The bigger the dot, the colder the setting).
Fitted Equipment
Powering with gas
Warning! - Flammable material must be
kept away from the refrigerator.
3. Set the energy source selector switch (A)
to:
4. Ignite the gas flame
Manual ignition (N90P)
- For selection of gas type, see the
information plate inside your refrigerator.
- Press the thermostat (B), and keep it
depressed.
- For the pressure regulator model, see the
information plate inside your refrigerator
and the table at the end of this booklet.
- Press the button for manual ignition several
times at intervals of between 1 and 2
seconds.
- The type of gas container and its location
must be in compliance with the most
recent regulations. Ensure that the unit is
installed in a location with good
ventilation and make sure that the
ventilation openings in the gas container
storage location remain open.
- Release the thermostat when the indicator
of the flame meter enters the green area. If
it does not enter the green area, repeat the
previous step.
- The changing of the gas container must be
done outside in the open air and out of
reach of any possible sources of ignition.
- You are strongly advised not to use gas to
power the refrigerator while you are
driving. If a road accident results in fire,
there is a danger of explosion.
- You are strongly advised not to use gas to
power the refrigerator in the vicinity of
petrol stations.
1. Open the valve of the gas bottle and the
gas taps.
2. Set the Thermostat (B) to the highest level
(the biggest dot).
Warning! Never keep the thermostat
depressed for longer than 30 seconds.
If a flame does not appear, wait at least
five minutes before trying again. If you
fail to observe this rule, there may be an
accumulation of gas creating the risk of
fire or explosion.
successful, the noise will stop and the
flame meter will turn green. Release the
thermostat.
- If the flame goes out, ignition will be
repeated automatically.
- Set the desired refrigeration level by means
of the thermostat (B).
(The bigger the dot, the colder the setting)
Switching off the refrigerator
- Set the energy source selector switch (A) to;
- The refrigerator is now completely switched
off.
- Use the door locking mechanism to lock
the open door. This prevents unpleasant
odours and mould in the refrigerator.
Important! If you are not going to use the
refrigerator for a prolonged period, close the
valve of the gas bottle and the gas taps.
- Set the desired refrigeration level by means
of the thermostat (B).
(The bigger the dot, the colder the setting)
Electrical ignition (N90E):
- Press the thermostat (B) and keep it
depressed.
- Ignition takes place automatically. You will
hear a ticking noise. If ignition was
91
Fitted Equipment
MAINTENANCE
Regular maintenance is necessary to ensure
the correct functioning of your refrigerator.
Cleaning
Tip!
- A good time to clean your refrigerator is
straight after you have defrosted it.
- Clean the refrigerator with a soft cloth
and mild detergent.
- Dust the refrigerator with a soft,
moistened cloth.
- Use a brush or soft cloth to remove
once a year any dust from the
condenser at the inside of the
refrigerator.
Important!
- Do not use soap or aggressive
detergents that are abrasive or sodabased.
- Make sure that the door closing
mechanism does not come into contact
with oil or grease.
Defrosting
Frost will gradually build up on the condenser
of the refrigerator. You should defrost the
refrigerator as soon as the frost layer is about
3 mm thick. Frost reduces the refrigerating
capacity and life of your refrigerator.
• Remove the ice cube tray and all food.
92
• Switch off the refrigerator in the way
described previously.
Take the following action if you find that the
door does not close properly:
• Leave the refrigerator door open.
• check whether the screws of the hinges
of the refrigerator door are securely in
place;
• Place dry towels in the refrigerator to
absorb the water.
• Place trays containing hot water in the
freezer compartment.
• After defrosting (when the freezer
compartment and condenser are frostfree), remove the towels and the water
trays and use a cloth to dry off the
refrigerator.
• Switch the refrigerator on again in the
way described previously.
Important!
- Do not use force or sharp objects to
remove frost.
- Do not try to accelerate defrosting by
using a heat source, such as a hairdryer.
• check whether the door locking
mechanism keeps the door properly shut.
Winter operation
If you use the refrigerator when the outdoor
temperature is below 0°C, install the Thetford
winter cover on the ventilation gratings. The
cover protects your refrigerator from
excessively cold air. The winter cover is a
refrigerator accessory obtainable from your
caravan dealer.
Tip!
- It is advisable to use the winter cover if
you are not going to use the vehicle for
a long period of time.
Door locking mechanism
Frost will form in the refrigerator if the door is
not closed properly. To determine whether
the door closes properly, close the door with
a piece of paper between the door and the
refrigerator. Pull at the piece of paper. If you
feel resistance, the refrigerator door closes
properly. If you feel no resistance, the door
does not close properly. Perform this test
regularly on all four sides of the refrigerator
door.
Ventilation grating with winter cover
Fitted Equipment
Maintenance of gas equipment
A qualified service engineer must maintain
and inspect gas and electrical equipment. It
is advisable to have this maintenance work
performed by a customer service centre.
Contact the Customer Service department of
Thetford for a list of qualified parties.
Important!
European laws covering gas appliances and
extractors prescribe observance of the
following rules (which are the user’s
responsibility):
- For replacement, a gas hose approved
in accordance with the local regulations
must be used . Position the hose so that
it can rotate, is not kinked, and will allow
no bends to occur.
- Due to the limited life of the gas hose, it
must be installed so that replacement is
possible.
Replacing bulbs
If a bulb in your refrigerator is defective, you
can replace it by clicking in a new one:
• remove the cover by pressing both sides;
Maintenance checklist
This refrigerator will give you many years of
trouble-free use if you simply run through the
following checklist regularly:
• keep the refrigerator clean (see section
“Cleaning”);
• defrost the refrigerator as often as is
necessary (see section “Defrosting”);
• check the door closing mechanism
regularly (see section “Door locking
mechanism”);
- gas appliances and extractors must be
inspected prior to first usage and
thereafter every two years;
• remove the defective bulb;
• make sure that the ventilation gratings are
not blocked.
• fit the new bulb;
STORAGE
- appliances that run on liquid gas must
be inspected each year. After each
inspection a certificate will be issued;
• click back the cover.
If you do not expect to use your refrigerator
for a lengthy period, carry out the following
actions:
- the gas burner must be cleaned at least
once a year or more frequently if
necessary.
- If a gas hose is used, it must be
checked annually. This hose has a
limited life and, thus, must be regularly
replaced. Check the hose regularly for
cracks, splits and ageing. If in doubt,
replace the hose. Pay attention to the
maximum life of the hose and replace it
in time, as advised by the manufacturer
or in conformance with local regulations.
For details regarding spare bulbs please
contact the Customer Service department of
Thetford.
• Remove all food
• Switch off the refrigerator
• Clean the refrigerator as described in
Section ‘Cleaning’
• Shut off the gas tap to the refrigerator
• Leave the door of the refrigerator ajar
• Place the winter protection on the
ventilation grating.
93
Fitted Equipment
TROUBLESHOOTING
If your refrigerator does not refrigerate
properly or will not start, run through the
following checklist. If this fails to solve the
problem, contact our Customer Service staff
who will be pleased to help you.
Thetford B.V.
Customer Service
( +31 (0)76-5042312
info@thetford.nl
• Check whether you have followed the
instructions in “Switching on the
refrigerator”.
Problem: refrigerator will not work on gas
Possible cause
Action you can take
a) Gas bottle is empty.
a) Replace the gas bottle.
b) Valve of the gas bottle or one of
the shut-off valves is closed.
b) Open the valve of the gas bottle
or shut-off valve(s).
Problem: refrigerator will not work on 12V DC
Possible cause
Action you can take
a) 12V fuse is defective.
a) Fit a new fuse (Camper —> fuse box
of camper. Car —> fuse box of car)
b) Battery is empty.
b) Test the battery and charge it.
• Check whether the refrigerator is on a
level surface.
Problem: refrigerator will not refrigerate sufficiently
Possible cause
Action you can take
• Check whether the refrigerator can be
used with an available energy source.
a) Insufficient ventilation for the refrigerator.
a) Check whether the ventilation
gratings are covered.
b) Thermostat/gas control button set too low.
b) Increase the setting of the
thermostat/gas control button.
c) Too much ice on the condenser.
c) Check whether the refrigerator door
shuts properly and defrost the
refrigerator.
94
d) Too much hot food stored simultaneously.
d) Let the food cool off first.
e) Gas burner is dirty.
e) Have the gas burner cleaned.
f) Door does not shut properly.
f) Check the door closing mechanism.
Fitted Equipment
GUARANTEE, CUSTOMER SERVICE AND
LIABILITY
Guarantee
Thetford B.V offers the end users of Thetford
refrigerators a three-year guarantee, instead
of the normal guarantee of two years. This
extra year guarantee applies only if it can be
demonstrated that the refrigerator has been
properly maintained (as described in this
manual) and serviced by a qualified party
during the second year following purchase.
In the case of defects within the guarantee
period, Thetford will replace or repair the
product. In this instance, the costs of
replacement, labour costs for the
replacement of defective components and/or
the costs of the parts themselves will be
paid by Thetford.
1. To make a claim under this guarantee, the
user must take the product to a Service
Centre recognised by Thetford. The claim
will be assessed here.
2. If components are replaced during repair
under guarantee, these become the
property of Thetford.
3. This guarantee does not prejudice current
consumer protection law.
5. This guarantee is not valid in the case of
products that are for, or are used for,
commercial purposes.
6. No claim under the guarantee will be
accepted in the following circumstances:
- the product has been improperly used
or the instructions in the manual have
not been followed
- the product has not been installed in
accordance with the instructions
- alterations have been made to the
product
- the product has been repaired by a
Service Centre not recognised by
Thetford
- the serial number or product code has
been changed
- the product has been damaged by
circumstances outside the normal use
of the product
Liability
Thetford is not liable for loss and/or damage
caused directly or indirectly by use of the
refrigerator.
ENVIRONMENT
Refrigerators manufactured by Thetford B.V.
are PCB-free. Most of the refrigerator is
recyclable.
If the refrigerator has reached the end of its
service life, contact your local waste
processing company to dispose of the
refrigerator in an environment-friendly way.
Energy-saving tips
• Install the refrigerator and switch it on
about 12 hours before you put anything in
it.
• Do not expose the refrigerator to direct
sunlight.
• At an ambient temperature of
approximately 25°C you can let the
refrigerator operate at the middle position
of the thermostat (both with gas
operation and mains voltage).
• Store foods that have been pre-cooled.
• Open the door only briefly when you take
things out of the refrigerator.
• Defrost the refrigerator regularly.
4. This guarantee is only applicable if the
product is supplied within the European
Community.
95
Fitted Equipment
PLEASE READ THE MANUFACTURERS
INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE OPERATING THE
APPLIANCE
following information so the appliance can be
correctly identified:
When cooking with fat or oil, never leave
unattended.
1. The name of the appliance from the facia,
and its colour.
Turn pan handles inwards so they are out of
reach of children and cannot be caught
accidentally.
WARNING: When you are cooking it is
essential to provide additional ventilation
such as opening windows near the grill,
cooker and oven.
2. The model number and the serial number
of the appliance (from the data badge).
WARNING: When using cooking or
heating appliances, surfaces and handles
may become hot. Care should be taken
and if necessary hand protection used.
Warning: Good ventilation is essential to the
continuing safe operation of all gas
appliances. Do not allow any ventilation
openings to become accidentally or
deliberately blocked.
Models without ignition button: For safety
reasons, we recommend the use of a hand
held spark ignitor or gas lighter to ignite the
burner, rather than a match or taper, which
could allow burning debris to fall behind the
appliance.
Keep all flammable materials (such as
curtains, furnishings, towels and clothing)
away from the appliance.
When you have finished cooking, check
that all controls are in the off position.
STOVES HOBS, GRILLS AND
OVENS
BURNER IGNITION
The hotplate lid must be open for the
hotplate, grill or oven burners to ignite.
The ignition should not be operated for more
than 15 seconds. If, after 15 seconds the
burner has not lit, stop operating the ignition,
open the compartment door and wait at least
1 minute before attempting to ignite the
burner.
In the event of the burner flames being
accidentally extinguished, turn off the burner
control and do not attempt to re-light the
burner for at least 1 minute.
SPARE PARTS
When ordering spare parts, please give the
96
BE SAFE - NOT SORRY
Parts of the appliance may be hot during or
immediately after use. Allow sufficient time
for the appliance to cool after switching off.
When opening the appliance door, take care
to avoid skin contact with any steam which
may escape from the cooking.
Glass lids may shatter when heated, turn off
all burners before shutting the lid.
THE HOB
Caution:
• Do not use foil on the hob, as it creates a
fire hazard
• Glass lids may shatter when heated, turn
off all burners before shutting the lid
Do not use aluminium foil to cover the grill
pan, or put items wrapped in foil under the
grill as this can create a fire hazard.
• Note: When positioning the pan support,
ensure that the fingers are central to the
burners (Fig 1).
Do not use the oven with the door inner glass
panel removed (glass oven doors only).
Always use the most appropriate size of
burner for the pan you wish to use. Use
pans with a flat base of minimum 100mm/4
ins diameter, and maximum 200mm/8 ins
diameter, which are stable in use. Avoid old
or misshapen pans as these may cause
instability.
If the cooker has a storage compartment
below the oven, this should only be used to
store oven furniture. Do not store any
flammable materials in this compartment.
Fitted Equipment
The high speed hotplate ring (if fitted) is
identified by its central red spot - this ring
has a faster response time.
Using the grill
Push in the grill pan until it locates centrally
under the grill burner
THE GRILL
There are three different grilling positions as
the trivet can be inverted to give a high or
low position or it may be removed.
• Note: The door must be open when the
grill is used.
• Caution: When the grill is being used,
accessible parts may be hot; young
children should be kept away.
Stoves Hob
Important: Any spillage of liquid should be
cleaned away immediately to reduce the risk
of fluid entering the appliance.
Ignition - Push in the control knob and turn
anticlockwise to the large flame symbol.
Keep the knob depressed, and press the
ignition button (if fitted), or use a hand held
spark ignitor or gas lighter. The knob must
be held in for 15-20 seconds before
releasing.
ELECTRIC HOTPLATES
Before using for the first time, prime the
hotplate - switch it on without a pan to
harden and burn off the coating. Use a
medium-high setting for 3 - 5 minutes. A
non-toxic smoke may occur.
To switch on, turn the hotplate control knob
to the required setting.
• Never cover the grill pan or grid with
cooking foil, or allow fat to build up in the
grill pan as this creates a fire hazard.
• Keep all flammable material away from the
appliance.
To light the grill
Push in the control knob and turn
anticlockwise to the large flame symbol.
Keep the knob depressed, and press the
ignition button (if fitted), or use a hand held
spark ignitor or gas lighter. The knob must
be held in for 15-20 seconds before
releasing.
Detachable grill handle (if supplied)
Place the handle (shield uppermost) over the
edge of the grill pan at the recess and slide
along to position centrally between the two
locator bumps. To remove the handle, place
the grill pan down, and lift the handle slightly
as you slide it along the recess.
1. The high trivet position is suitable for
toasting bread.
2. The low trivet position is suitable for
grilling all types of meat.
3. With the trivet removed the food is placed
directly on the base of the grill pan, eg;
when cooking dishes such as whole fish.
Always preheat the grill for 3 minutes for
best results.
When you have finished grilling, check the
control knob is in the off position
THE OVEN
Caution: When you are cooking, keep
children away from the vicinity of the
oven.
• Important: A safety device stops the
ignition being used when the oven door is
closed.
• Do no use foil on the oven shelves as this
creates a fire hazard, and can hinder
circulation of heat.
• Keep all flammable material away from
the appliance.
97
Fitted Equipment
To light the oven
this may amount to misuse of the appliance
and could invalidate your guarantee.
1. Open the oven door and turn the control
knob anticlockwise to the required gas
mark. Push in and hold in the control
knob, and either press the ignition button
(if fitted) or use a hand held spark ignitor
or gas lighter.
Do not use caustic pastes, abrasive cleaning
powders, coarse wire wool or any hard
implements as they will damage the
surfaces.
All parts of the appliance can be safely
cleaned with a cloth wrung out in hot soapy
water.
2. Once the burner has lit, close the oven
door and hold the knob in for 15-20
seconds.
Burner caps and heads
3. If the flame goes out, the flame sensing
device cuts off the gas supply to the
burner. To light the oven again, wait for 3
minutes then repeat the above procedure.
Important: Allow burners to cool before
cleaning.
To turn off - Push in the control knob and
turn clockwise.
Preheating
The oven must be preheated for 10 minutes
when reheating frozen or chilled food, and we
recommend preheating for all yeast mixtures,
batters, soufflés and whisked sponges.
Using the oven
The shelf positions in the oven can be
altered. If you prefer darker cooked results,
cook on a higher shelf. For paler results use
a lower shelf.
The cake tray and roasting tin that are
supplied with this appliance are the largest
which can be used for good results and even
baking. Extra shelves, tins or trays can be
ordered from your supplier.
98
Place food items on the tray and position the
tray on the centre of the shelf, leaving one
clear shelf position between shelves to allow
for circulation of air.
CLEANING
Caution: Any cleaning agent used
incorrectly may damage the appliance.
Always let the appliance cool before
cleaning.
Some cooking operations generate a
considerable amount of grease. This
combined with spillage can become a hazard
if allowed to accumulate on the appliance
through lack of cleaning. In extreme cases
Caution: Hotplate burners can be damaged
by soaking, automatic dishwashers (or
dishwater powders/liquids), caustic pastes,
hard implements, coarse wire wool and
abrasive cleaning pastes.
For the burners to work safely, the slots in
the burner head, where the flames burn,
need to be kept clear of deposit. Clean with
a nylon brush, rinse and dry thoroughly.
Clean with a mild cream cleaner eg; Cif, or
use a moist soapy Brillo pad.
Note: Fixed burners (if fitted): Some versions
incorporate fixed burners. These burners are
secured to the hob with 2 screws. Fixed
burners must be cleaned whilst in position.
Make sure that the gap between the burner
and the hotplate does not become blocked
with grease.
Fitted Equipment
Glass parts (if fitted)
Electric hotplates
DOOR PANELS, FACIA PANEL,
HOTPLATE LID
Important: Ensure that elements are
switched off and cool before cleaning
Do not use abrasive cleaners or polishes.
Use a mild cream cleaner, eg; Cif. Rinse
thoroughly and dry with a soft cloth.
The inner door glass panel can be removed
for cleaning; open the door wide, hold the
bottom and top edges and slide out. When
replacing the glass panel, hold it level and
straight with the grooves in the door trims
before sliding back in.
Painted, plastic and gold coloured parts
DOOR FRAME & HANDLES, CONTROL
KNOBS
Only use a clean cloth wrung out in hot
soapy water.
Vitreous enamel parts
GRILL PAN, HEATGUARD, OVEN/GRILL
COMPARTMENT(S), HOB SPILLAGE WELL,
PAN SUPPORTS
Use a mild cream cleaner. Look for one that
has the Vitreous Enamel Council's
recommendation seal, eg; Cif.
Chrome plated parts (Fig 1)
GRILL GRID, SHELVES, SHELF RUNNERS
Do no use abrasives or polishes. Use a
moist soap pad, eg; Brillo. Shelf runners can
For normal cleaning use a clean damp cloth.
For heavy cleaning, use a clean damp cloth
or scouring pad with a cream cleaner.
Fig. 1 Chrome Plated Parts
be removed for cleaning. Grasp the runners
and slide out of the hanging holes as shown
in fig 1.
Follow the circular grooved pattern on the
hotplate. Rinse off any cleansing agent
thoroughly, then switch on to a low-medium
setting for few minutes to dry. When cleaning
take care to avoid the red dot on the high
speed hotplate (if fitted).
Stainless steel surfaces
(stainless steel models only)
Only use a clean cloth wrung out in hot
soapy water, and dry with a soft cloth. Do
not use undiluted bleach or any products
containing chlorides as they can permanently
damage the steel.
Some foods are corrosive, eg; vinegar, fruit
juices and salt, and they can mark or
damage stainless steel if they are left on the
surface for any length of time. Wipe any
spillage immediately.
Sharp objects can mark the surface of
stainless steel but will become less
noticeable with time.
99
Fitted Equipment
MICROWAVE OVEN
If factory fitted the specification is:
Make
DAEWOO
Model
KOR-63F7/63F7GR/63F7MY/63F7/SL
Power supply
230V-50Hz, SINGLE PHASE WITH EARTHING
MICROWAVE
POWER
CONSUMPTION
1000 W
OUTPUT POWER
700 W (IEC705)
FREQUENCY
2450 MHz
OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS
465 x 279 x 364mm
CAVITY DIMENSIONS
290 x 220 x 306mm
NET WEIGHT
APPROX 12.5 Kg
TIMER
35 MIN. DUEL SPEED
POWER SELECTIONS
7 STAGES
If fitting a Microwave DIY we recommend you purchase the above specification.
100
Fitted Equipment
THETFORD CASSETTE
PORTA POTTI
INTRODUCTION
The Cassette Porta Potti is constructed of
high quality plastics for durability and has a
high gloss finish that is easy to clean and
maintain. The unit consists of two sections, a
permanently installed toilet system and a
slide out waste holding tank — CASSETTE.
The toilet section includes a seat and cover,
flush and valve blade opener knob, toilet
tissue compartment and holder, waste level
indicator, built-in toilet fluid storage
compartment, a drip tray — a drain tube
assembly and a fresh water tank.
The unique Cassette section is located
underneath the toilet and is removed for
emptying from outside the caravan through
an access door. A rotating pour-out spout,
automatic holding tank vent, air release
valve, valve blade, carrying handles and
hand grips are incorporated into the
Cassette.
PREPARING FOR USE
1. Open access door on the side of the
caravan and swing out fresh water fill
funnel.
2. Fill fresh water tank using a hose or
jerrycan until water funnel level reaches
neck. Tank capacity is 15 litres. Aqua
Rinse may be added to improve cleaning
of bowl and flushing of unit.
3. Replace cap. Swing water fill funnel
inward until it touches side of water tank.
Note: 150ml of water will remain in fill
bottle when fresh water tank is empty.
1
2
3
4
5
6
4. Next add Aqua Kem to Cassette for
controlling odours. Depress retaining clip.
5. Remove cassette by pulling straight out.
When Cassette hits stop, tilt downward
slightly and remove (stop for safety when
Cassette is full).
6. Position tank vertical and swivel pour out
spout upward.
7. Remove cap. Remove deodourant from
storage compartment. Add 100ml of Aqua
Kem or 120ml of Aqua Kem Bio through
pour out spout. Add small amount of
water through spout to cover tank
bottom. Replace cap and return pour out
spout to its original stored position.
Note: As an alternative deodourant can be
added to Cassette through the valve blade
opening. Hotter weather or longer retention
time may require addition of more Aqua Kem.
CAUTION: Do not add Aqua Kem
Concentrate or Aqua Kem Bio directly into
toilet bowl while Cassette tank valve blade is
closed. Pressure due to heat and altitude
change can build up in the Cassette tank
causing bowl contents to splash upward
upon opening the valve blade, if opened too
fast. Before each use, open and shut the
Cassette valve blade to vent the tank
7
101
Fitted Equipment
8. Slide the Cassette, pour out spout facing
outside into the caravan through access
door. Never force insertion or removal of
the Cassette tank, damage to system can
occur.
9. Make sure the Cassette is secured by the
retaining clip. Close and lock access door.
OPERATION
Flushing (Electric Models)
10.Before using the toilet we advise you to
add some water to the bowl by pressing
down the flush knob. This avoids marking
the bowl. Water will stop flowing when
knob is released.
11.To flush after use, press the flush knob
down while turning in an anti-clockwise
direction. The turning motion opens the
valve blade, emptying the toilet bowl. This
procedure results in the best bowl rinse
and most efficient use of water. After
flushing, turn the knob in a clockwise
direction to close the valve blade. The
toilet can also be used with valve blade
open, which allows the waste to go
directly into the holding tank.
Flushing (Manual Models)
10.Before using the toilet, we advise you to
add some water to the bowl by turning
the flush knob in clockwise direction.
When flush knob is released it will turn
automatically back.
102
11.To flush after use, turn the valve knob in
anti-clockwise direction and turn the flush
knob. This procedure results in the best
bowl rinse and most efficient use of water.
TOILET TISSUE
12.Toilet tissue is stored in the specially
designed storage compartment that helps
keep tissue clean and dry (electric models
only). Tissue can also be suspended on a
tissue holder using the special wall mount
bracket, if desired.
13.To replace tissue, remove tissue holder
from compartment by pulling up on tissue
cover. Hold bottom of tissue holder in one
hand and cover in the other, and turn in
opposite directions until you hear a click.
Pull apart. Place tissue on holder, insert
prongs of cover into holder. Hold cover
and holder and twist in opposite direction
until locked. Aqua Soft toilet tissue is
recommended for best results.
Emptying the Cassette
The Cassette capacity is 20 litres and should
be emptied when the waste level gauge
indicator goes from green to full red.
The gauge does not begin to move from
green to red until the tank is over half full.
8
9
10 ELECTRIC
10 MANUAL
11 ELECTRIC
11 MANUAL
12 ELECTRIC
13 ELECTRIC
Fitted Equipment
Caution: Do not allow Cassette to become
overfilled, see Trouble Shooting section for
emergency emptying procedure.
The holding tank features a unique sliding
cover (1) which guarantees optimal hygiene.
The sliding cover moves automatically when
the holding tank is inserted. When holding
tank is removed, the cover automatically
assumes its correct position. To clean the
holding tank, you may remove the cover
manually by sliding it towards the pour-out
spout.
To empty Cassette be sure that the valve
blade is in the closed position.
14.Open the access door on side of caravan.
Depress the retainer clip, pull Cassette
until stop, tilt and remove Cassette.
15.Carry the Cassette using the lower
carrying handle, pour out spout up, to a
normal household type toilet or other
authorised disposal point. Set Cassette in
vertical position on the ground and rotate
pour out spout upward.
16.Remove spout cap. Grasp unit by upper
carrying handle nearest to pour out spout.
Place other hand on upper rear grip so
that the air relief valve button can be
depressed with thumb while emptying, to
ensure smooth outflow of tank contents.
When empty, rinse tank and valve blade
with water.
Note: Depress air release valve button
only when pour out spout is pointed
downwards.
17.After preparing for use, slide the Cassette
into the caravan. Check to make sure that
the retaining clip secures the tank in a
locked position. The pour out spout end
of the tank should be visible through the
access door opening. Add water to the
fresh water tank as outlined in “Preparing
for Use” section. Close and lock access
door.
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
No routine maintenance is required on the
Thetford Cassette Porta Potti. The use of
Aqua Rinse helps to clean and protect the
toilet bowl, valve blade and seals during
flushing. Do not use strong household
detergents or cleaners with chlorine, solvents
or acid contents, as they will damage valve
seals.
Empty Cassette and rinse tank with clear
water. Use a mild soap to clean toilet bowl,
seat and cover, as well as exterior of toilet
14
15
16
17
18
19 ELECTRIC
unit and Cassette. Replace tank inside
caravan.
Note: Pour-out spout and vent plug can be
removed. Seals should be greased if
necessary with acid-free vaseline.
103
Fitted Equipment
04a
06
06
THETFORD CASSETTE
C-200 CW (Manual)
and C-200 CWE (Electric)
16
04
04b
C-200 CW only
C-200 CW
only
C-200 CWE only
05
01
02
15
08 07 09 14 12
03
13
11
14
10
104
FEATURES
1. Removable seat and cover.
2. Rotatable bowl.
3. Valve blade handle: opens and closes
valve blade.
4. Flush-handle activates the flush by lifting
and pushing down the handle.
4a C-200 CWE. Flush button: activates
flush.
4b C-200 CWE. Valve blade buttons: open
and close valve blade electronically.
5. Power-supply for the waste-level
indicator: two batteries, type: Penlite 1,5V
AA alkaline.
6. Waste-level indicator: indicates when
holding tank requires emptying.
7. Rotating pour-out spout: makes emptying
holding tank easy and convenient.
8. Upper carrying handle
9. Automatic holding tank vent: vents the
holding tank when the tank is inserted in
the toilet. This prevents under- or
overpressure in the holding tank.
10. Valve blade opener.
11. Sliding cover: closes automatically when
holding tank is taken out. Guarantees
optimal hygiene.
12. Valve-blade
13. Vent button: vents the holding tank to
avoid splashing while emptying.
14. Hand grip
15. Access door
16. Waterfill door
Fitted Equipment
CASSETTE C-200 CW AND C-200 CWE
The toilet section of the C-200 includes a
rotatable bowl, removable seat and cover, a
console with a flush handle/flush buttons, a
built in flush-watertank and a waste level
warning indicator. Underneath the bowl, the
valve blade handle is located.
PREPARING FOR USE
1. Open access door pull retaining clip
upwards (fig. 1).
2. Remove holding tank by pulling straight
out. When holding tank hits the stop, tilt
front end downwards slightly and remove
(fig. 2).
3. Position tank vertically and swivel pourout spout upwards (fig. 3).
4. Remove the cap of the pour-out spout.
Add required quantity of toilet fluid
through pour-out spout then add approx.
2 litres of water through the spout to
cover holding tank bottom. Replace cap
and return pour-out spout to its original
stored position (fig. 4).
Note: Warmer weather or longer
intervals between emptying the waste
tank may require additional toilet fluid.
Use only Thetford toilet fluid to achieve
the best results.
5. Slide the holding tank into position
through access door (fig. 5).
1
2
3
4
5
6
9
9a
6. Make sure the holding tank is secured by
the retaining clip. (fig. 6).
7. Open the waterfill door and add 50 ml of
Aqua Rinse. Aqua Rinse results in a
better flush and improves the hygiene of
the toilet. Then fill the watertank with
fresh water using a jerrycan or a hose.
Tank capacity is 7 litres (fig. 7).
OPERATION
8. Turn the bowl in the most comfortable
position (fig. 8)
9. C-200 CW only: Before using the toilet it
is recommended to flush some water
into the bowl by lifting and pressing down
the flush handle (fig. 9).
9a.C-200 CWE only: Before using the toilet
it is recommended to flush some water
into the bowl by pressing and releasing
the flush button (fig. 9a).
7
8
Caution: Never add toilet fluid directly
into toilet bowl.
105
Fitted Equipment
10. After use open the blade by turning the
blade-handle anti-clockwise (fig. 10).
10a.C-200 CWE only: After use open the
blade by pressing the ‘open’ button
(fig. 10a).
11. C-200 CW only: To flush, lift the flush
handle and press it down (fig. 11). After
flushing, close the blade by turning the
blade handle clockwise.
11a. C-200 CWE only: To flush press the
flush button (fig. 9a). After flushing, close
the blade by pressing the close button
on panel (fig. 11a).
The toilet may also be used with the
valve blade open, which allows the
waste to pass directly into the holding
tank.
The waste holding tank is located underneath
the toilet and is removed for emptying from
the outside of the vehicle through an access
door. A rotating pour-out spout, automatic
holding tank vent, air release valve, valve
blade, carrying handles and hand grip are
incorporated in the waste holding tank. A
sliding cover guarantees you optimal
hygiene.
EMPTYING THE HOLDING TANK
The holding tank capacity is approx. 17 litres
and the tank should be emptied when the
waste-level indicator lights up. The wastelevel indicator lights up when the holding
tank contains more than 15 litres of waste.
106
CAUTION: Do not allow the holding tank to
become overfilled. See trouble shooting
section for emergency emptying
procedure.
10
10a
11
11a
12
13
14
15
12. Open access door and remove the
holding tank. The holding tank can only
be removed when the valve blade is
closed (fig. 12).
13. Carry the holding tank to a normal
household type toilet or other authorised
disposal point. Place the holding tank in
vertical position and rotate pour-out
spout upwards (fig. 13).
14. Remove the spout cap. Grasp unit by
upper carrying handle nearest to pourout spout. Place other hand on upper
rear hand grip so that vent button can
be depressed with the thumb while
emptying. This ensures a smooth
outflow of the tank contents. (fig. 14).
Note: Only depress the vent button
when pour-out spout is pointed
downwards.
Rinse the holding tank with clean water.
For preparing for use again, see steps 1
to 7.
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
The lipseal and the seal of the automatic vent
are made of rubber and therefore these parts
need regular maintenance (depending on
frequency of use, once or twice a month).
Fitted Equipment
Lipseal: Remove the sliding cover. Open the
valve-blade by turning the blade-opener
knob anti-clockwise. Clean the seal with
water. Dry the seal and grease with silicone
spray/oil or vegetable oil.
Seal of automatic vent: Turn the automatic
vent 60° anti clockwise and remove gently.
Clean the seal with water. Dry the seal and
grease with silicone spray/oil or vegetable
oil.
To clean the holding tank, empty the tank,
and rinse with clean water. Use a mild soap
to clean toilet bowl, seat and cover, as well
as exterior of toilet unit and holding tank.
NOTE: Do not use strong household
detergents or cleaners that contain chlorine,
solvents or acid contents.
WINTERING/STORAGE
The Thetford Cassette C-200 CW/CWE is
easily winterised for storage.
Empty remaining fresh water into the bowl
by activating the flush handle up and down
(C-200 CW) or by pressing the flush button
(C-200 CWE).
Once pump has been cleared and water flow
has stopped completely, release into waste
tank. Remove waste tank and empty
contents in normal way.
To evacuate any remaining water from the
fresh water tank. place a container
underneath the drainplug and remove
drainplug.
When procedure has been completed
replace drainplug and waste holding tank
(fig. 15). Clean the seals and grease them
after drying (see cleaning and maintenance).
Leave the blade of the holding tank open. Do
not replace cap on the pour out spout, to
ventilate the holding tank. (Also grease the
seal of the pour out spout cap.)
COLD WEATHER USE
The toilet can be used in cold weather
conditions provided that the toilet is in
heated surroundings. If this is not the case,
you can use a nontoxic antifreeze (propylene
glycol) or an antifreeze such as those used in
car radiators. Add the antifreeze to the water
in the tank. Add the quantity specified in the
instructions, paying due regard to the safety
instructions.
HIGH ALTITUDE AND WARM
WEATHER USE
Pressure may build up in the holding tank if
the tank is not inserted while driving at high
altitudes or in warm weather conditions. The
automatic holding tank vent will vent the
tank when there is over- or under-pressure.
High temperatures may require additional
Thetford toilet fluid.
THETFORD WARRANTY
1. The Thetford Cassette is warranted for
one year from the date of purchase,
please fill in and return the warranty card.
2. The warranty covers replacement of
defective or flawed parts and the
inadequate performance of the toilet.
3. In case of a defect apply to an original
dealer or Thetford Service Centre with
proof of purchase.
4. Defects, which in our judgement occurred
from misuse, negligence or accident, are
not covered by the warranty. In addition,
the warranty does not apply if the
product is installed or handled improperly
or if other than the prescribed toilet fluids
have been used or if the product has
been altered in any way or has been
repaired by unqualified persons, or if the
serial number and/or date has been
altered or removed.
5. Should the original buyer wish to return to
us parts believed to be defective, the
parts should be sent prepaid. If we find
the parts defective and covered by
warranty, they will be repaired and
returned. If warranty does not apply or
has expired, a nominal charge will be
made. Any transport costs are for the
account of the owner.
107
Fitted Equipment
6. Before returning product or parts they
should be properly cleaned, in order to
carry out inspection and repair.
7. No other warranty is given and no
personal representative is authorised to
make any warranty other than that is
contained herein.
CARAVANS WITH TV INLET IN
BATTERY BOX
Models equipped with TV points in the
battery box can be attached to a pitch
facility:
1. Connect pitch output to input in battery
box being careful not to trap aerial lead
in battery box door.
2. At aerial booster position disconnect roof
aerial input lead and replace it with the
loose end of the cable from the battery
box. The internal TV point is now
connected to the battery box input.
CARAVANS WITH EXTERNAL
BARBEQUE POINT
Models equipped with an external barbeque
point can be used to power any gas
appliance suitable for the gas used in the
caravan, at the working pressure shown on
the label in the barbeque outlet box. Please
note when using the outlet that the fitted
regulator will allow a maximum of 1.5kg per
hour of gas to be taken from the gas bottle.
108
Therefore the consumption of gas from both
the appliances within the caravan and the
appliance connected to the barbeque point
cannot exceed a total of 1.5kg per hour at
any one time. If you are in any doubt please
consult your dealer for advice. To use point
proceed as follows:
8. Release the appliance hose and nozzle by
pushing back the collar of the coupling.
1. Fit male nozzle from despatch kit to your
barbeque or appliance ensuring a gas
tight joint. The work should be carried out
by a competent person; if in any doubt
consult your dealer.
In the interest of safety all external hose
lengths should be kept to a minimum and
attachments secured correctly.
2. Open box lid by pulling tab on bottom
edge and lifting. Remove red cover cap.
3. Insert male nozzle on appliance into
female coupling, push firmly until click is
felt.
4. Open gas locker on caravan, ensure gas
bottle tap is open and supply is
connected to regulator. Turn isolation tap
behind barbeque point to open (so that
the tap handle is in line with the flow
direction of the gas.
5. Returning to barbeque point, turn red
knob until it is in line with the flow
direction of the gas.
6. Light and operate appliance to its
instructions.
7. When operation of external gas appliance
has finished, turn red knob in barbeque
box so that it is at right angles to the flow
of gas to isolate the appliance.
9. Replace red cover and close lid of
barbeque point.
Please note that you cannot open the gas
supply until the nozzle has been inserted.
WARNING: Care should be taken when
using the external barbeque point.
Never barbeque next to an awning or
tent.
WARNING: The caravan barbeque point
should only be used as an outlet point
for gas, never connect a gas bottle
direct to the outlet.
Fitted Equipment
BEDDING
Sleeping bags and continental quilts can be
compressed into small spaces and can be
ready to use in minutes.
LOWER SINGLE BEDS ASSEMBLY
(Figs. A & B)
1. Unroll bed slat bundle and place between
the recess in both seats.
2. Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
DOUBLE BED ASSEMBLY
(Fig. C)
1. Grip front of slatted bed and walk
backwards until bed is fully extended.
Fig. A
Fig. C
2. Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
Fig. B
109
Fitted Equipment
PULLMAN BUNKS
1. Release catches, one at a time.
BUNKS ARE DESIGNED TO CARRY A
CHILD TO A MAXIMUM OF 70KG
(11 STONE)
2. Release press studs on the bed board.
3. Grasp the bunk as shown and pull
carefully in direction of arrows.
4. The bunk is designed to automatically
move into the correct position.
5. Where a bed board is fitted, unfold and
make sure it is secured by press studs
when lifted into position. (The bed board
is required to protect both the occupant
and the window from damage during use
of the bunk.)
6. Locate safety boards.
7. Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
110
WARNING: Use upper bunks for sleeping
only, with the provided protection
against fall out in position
WARNING: Care shall be taken against
the risk of fall out when the upper bunks
are in used by children especially under
6 years of age, these bunks are not
suitable for use by infants without
supervision.
Fitted Equipment
• DO NOT ALLOW THE BLIND OR
FLYSCREEN TO RE-COIL WITHOUT
CONTROL.
• It is not recommended that blinds and/or
flyscreens are left in the down position for
long periods, or when travelling, as this
can result in fatigue of the spring.
• Clean the cassette, side track and fabrics
with mild detergent and water.
• Lubrication of mechanism or spring is not
required or recommended. However, if
components should require cleaning, use
only WD40 or similar with fluff-free cloth.
Other lubricants may result in damage to
fabrics and plastics.
KOMFORTROLLO BLINDS (SEITZ)
Blinds and Flyscreens
Flyscreen and blinds operate in the same
manner. The flyscreen can only be ‘fully up’
or ‘fully’ down, but the blind also has an
intermediate position.
To operate, pull down by holding the
fingergrip(s), gently ease towards the window
to locate the catches. To retract, pull down
easing away from the window to release the
catches and guide to the required position.
• ONLY OPERATE BY HOLDING THE
FINGERGRIP(S) - pulling on one side will
cause uneven running and snagging.
Cassette Blind and Flyscreen
Always hold the end rod in the middle. When
closing blinds, slide the end rod of the
flyscreen blind on to the end rod of the sun
blind and engage. To open the blind push the
end rods towards the darkening blind to the
edge and disengage the end rods. Now
move the end rod of the flyscreen back by
hand - do not let it recoil.
DOORSCREEN
Tension Adjustment
Remove plastic cover (if fitted) to locate
tension lugs. The tension lugs have a slot
and are located in the cassette on a
‘bayonet’ principle. Insert screwdriver into
slot (ensure a good fit), turn lug clockwise to
allow the spring tension to push the lugs just
free of the cassette. Keep fingers away from
screwdriver tip to avoid accidental injury.
Spring can now have more or less tension
applied as required.
If in doubt of tension to be applied, release
all tension and re-start. In which case, with
blind fully wound on the roller, apply 12
revolutions of lug (factory setting).
Refitting is a reversal of removal procedure.
For more detailed information, see
manufacturer’s instructions.
When drawing or releasing the doorscreen,
care should be taken not to let it spring back
freely, this may result in damage to the
screen or its fittings.
111
Fitted Equipment
Always pull the doorscreen close to the
centre. It is not advisable to pull close to the
top or bottom as this will cause snagging
and uneven running.
Caution
When opening or releasing the
doorscreen, care must be taken to avoid
trapping fingers.
Do not allow the doorscreen to slam
open.
SEITZ ENTRANCE DOOR
To open from the outside, pull the opening
lever in the door handle.
ROOF LIGHTS
When opening the roof lights, care must be
taken to release the locking mechanism as
the unit is raised.
Roof lights must be fully closed when
towing.
Roof lights provide 12,500mm2 of fixed
ventilation each.
WINDOWS
To open press the knobs in the middle of the
catches and turn through 90°. Swivel the
pane open as required.
A fully adjustable flyscreen and black-out
screen are built into the inner frame. The
flyscreen can be drawn independently and
the black-out screen is variable for partial or
full black-out.
To open from the inside, pull the opening
lever in the recessed handle.
To close the window, open the window as far
as possible and slowly close again, turn the
catches through 90° to close.
To lock the door from the outside turn the
key to the left, to unlock turn the key to the
right.
All opening windows have two catch
positions. The first position is for ventilation
the second seals the window from ventilation
and rain.
To lock the door from the inside, depress the
locking button. To unlock pull the handle.
HEKI-2 ROOF LIGHT (SEITZ)
Heki-2 roof lights provide 13,200mm2 of fixed
ventilation
The lift/tilt roof light can be set in 3 positions
by means of pneumatic springs.
MINI HEKI ROOFLIGHT
Position 1 lifts the pane 12mm without
allowing rain to enter the caravan.
To open depress button and push bar
upwards. The rooflight has two open
ventilation positions and a fully open
position.
The window is opened by depressing the
button on the catches and turning through
90°, open the pane fully until it locates. To
close pull the pane back and close the
catches.
The door flynet and blind operate
independently by sliding together and
engaging.
112
Position 2 sets the pane to a 150mm
opening and locks with a bar.
Position 3 opens the pane through 55°.
Forced ventilation functions via a brush lined
duct instead of a ventilated pane.
A cover hood can be fitted for winter
protection.
The blind and flynet operate independently
of each other and are engaged by
connecting to each other and sliding.
Fitted Equipment
THE BLIZZARD 1901 AIR
CONDITIONER
HOW TO USE THE AIR CONDITIONER
The air conditioner performance can be
improved by taking some simple
measures:
Adjusting the air direction
Position the air diffusing flaps to direct the
air to the desired position.
Warning: Never shut both diffusing flaps
while the unit is running!
- Improve the thermal insulation of the
vehicle by closing any opening and by
covering any glassed surfaces with
reflecting curtains.
- Avoid opening doors and windows
unnecessarily.
- Select the most suitable temperature and
speed.
THE OMNIVENT (12V) ROOFLIGHT
- Properly direct the air flaps.
The Omnivent is a double glazed rooflight
constructed from a synthetic ultra-violet
screened material. Its side operating
mechanism allows a completely free central
opening with built-in fixed ventilation when
closed.
To prevent troubles and minimise risks for
people, take the following precautions:
Red Switch = Mode of Operation
Induction (IN)
Expel (OUT)
IN
OFF
OUT
Black Switch = Speed Control
1, 2 and 3
Omnivents give no fixed ventilation when set
on induction.
- Always wait some minutes (at least 3)
before attempting to turn the air
conditioner on, after turning it off, to
prevent damage to the compressor;
Description of the controls
- Do not obstruct the air inlets and outlets
with cloths, paper or other objects;
Selection of the operating mode
- Do not introduce your hands or other
objects into the openings;
When turned on, the system always waits 2
minutes before starting the compressor
and sets to AUTOMATIC MODE.
- Do not spray the air conditioner with water;
- Keep flammable substances away from the
air conditioner.
To select one of the manual modes, proceed
as follows:
- Hand-set the ventilation speed by pressing
the key and the + and - keys;
113
Fitted Equipment
- Press the "MODE & SET" key to scroll
through the possible settings (manual fresh
air, manual warm air, ventilation,
automatic), select the required mode while
holding the key pressed down for two
seconds until the selected mode is
confirmed by the system.
Alarm visualisations
- When the display shows six horizontal
lines, the temperature probes are defective;
- When the display shows the ON symbol
and the timer symbol flashes, the system is
waiting that 2 minutes from the last
compressor stop elapse.
Mode
Description
AUTOMATIC
The +/- keys enables the user to change the PRE-SET TEMPERATURE.
In this mode, the machine automatically controls the compressor, the heater and the
ventilation speed by comparing the SET TEMPERATURE with the internal temperature.
MANUAL
FRESH AIR
The +/- keys enables the user to change the PRE-SET TEMPERATURE.
The
+/- keys allows changing the VENTILATION SPEED.
In this mode, the machine automatically controls the compressor and compares the
SET TEMPERATURE with the internal temperature.
MANUAL
WARM AIR
The +/- keys enables the user to change the PRE-SET TEMPERATURE.
The
+/- keys allows changing the VENTILATION SPEED.
In this mode, the machine automatically controls the heater and compares the
SET TEMPERATURE with the temperature inside the vehicle.
VENTILATION
The
+/- keys allows changing the VENTILATION SPEED.
The system only operates the fan inside the vehicle.
In this mode, compressor and heater do not run.
114
Display visualisation
Fitted Equipment
THE BLIZZARD 1500 AIR CONDITIONER
WARNING: Never introduce your hands
or other object within the air inlet
openings.
Starting and function selection
Main
Switch
ON-OFF
Position
Position
air conditioner ON
air conditioner OFF
Warm/Cold
Dual Switch
Warm-Cold
Position
Position
fresh air
warm air
Thermostat
Air Temperature
(18°C-40°C)
Fan
Switch
Air Speed
By rotating the knob clockwise, temperature
increases (max 40°C)
By rotating the knob anti-clockwise,
temperature reduces (min 18°C)
Position
Position
high speed
low speed
THE BLIZZARD 1500 AIR
CONDITIONER
Electrolux
To set the required temperature adjust the
RED/BLUE selector control knob against the
indicator mark on the outer bezel. Airflow
direction can be achieved fore and aft by
adjustment of the air outlet louvres.
Attention
Never obstruct the air inlets and outlets
Maintenance
To ensure trouble free running it is
recommended that the unit be cleaned once
or twice a year.
Never attempt the following until the power is
disconnected and the unit is cool
Remove dust and dirt with a damp cloth (do
not use petrol or solvents).
Check that water trap holes are not clogged.
Periodically open cover and clean filters by
washing with a mild detergent solution and
allow to dry before refitting.
The Blizzard air conditioning unit provides no
fixed ventilation.
ASH FRAMED DOORS
In order to provide customers with the latest
designs of door furniture it is possible, due to
the use of natural wood, that warping may
occur. This should not detract from the
correct functioning of items fitted in the
caravan.
The air conditioning compressor runs during
the refrigerating phase, if switched on and off
at once it may get damaged. Therefore, it is
very important to wait at least 3 minutes
before attempting to switch it on again.
115
Fitted Equipment
SHOWER
When using the shower, always ensure that
the shower curtain is fully drawn thus
avoiding water spray on unprotected areas.
TABLES
Slide top of drawers out and fold back to
form convenient table. (Fig. A)
The pedestal table can be swung round for
easy access to the seating and then repositioned afterwards. (Fig. B)
Tables stored in the table storage
compartment must be securely clipped into
place whilst in transit.
Fig. A
CAUTION: When erecting the free
standing table, be careful to avoid
trapping fingers.
Table Storage
To avoid damage care must be taken when
removing tables from their stored position.
Where two tables are stored together in a low
level storage area care should be taken to
remove the table positioned opposite the
hinged edge first.
Fig. B
116
NOT TO SCALE
Fitted Equipment
FIXING OF AWNINGS
In order to avoid puncturing the outer skin of
the caravan wall, it is recommended that
awning poles are fixed to your caravan using
load spreading eyelet pads or rubber sucker
pads.
Attaching awning brackets and associated
fixings to your caravan by using mechanical
methods which pierce the outer skin of the
caravan wall can allow water ingress which
will invalidate the product warranty.
Important:
Care must be taken when using an awning
as poles and suckers can cause damage to
exterior side panels.
Awnings should be taken down in strong
winds to protect the side panels from
cosmetic damage and dents from the awning
poles.
Note:
Awnings should be kept ventilated when
discharging products of combustion exhaust
into them.
Awning Sizes
Due to the various awning types and sizes
the awning sizes provided in the Service and
Warranty Handbook are for guidance only.
Specific awning sizes must be confirmed
with the dealer or awning manufacturer prior
to purchase.
117
MAINTENANCE
Modifications ........................................................................ 120
Caravan Exterior .................................................................. 120
Caravan Interior .................................................................... 120
Winterisation/Storage .......................................................... 121
Alko Running Gear ............................................................... 123
Care and Maintenance ....................................................... 123
Axle Types ........................................................................... 125
Spare Parts ........................................................................ 126
Braking System Adjustments.............................................. 127
AK160, AK300 and AK350 Operation................................. 130
AKS 2004 Operation ............................................................132
Trouble Shooting ................................................................. 142
Accessories .......................................................................... 144
Corner Steadies ................................................................. 144
Shock Absorbers ................................................................ 144
Stabilisers............................................................................ 144
Road Wheels ....................................................................... 144
Jockey Wheel ..................................................................... 145
Spare Wheel Carriers .......................................................... 145
Maintenance
MODIFICATIONS - DIY WORK
Owners need to be aware that carrying out
DIY modifications to your caravan may in
certain instances, invalidate the warranty
cover and could also affect the safety and
structure of the caravan.
Before carrying out any DIY work within the
warranty period (3/5) years please check with
your nearest Swift Group dealer or contact
Supercare customer services on 01482
875740 for advice.
CARAVAN EXTERIOR
Aluminium Panels
The stove enamelled paintwork is very
durable and easy to clean owing to the high
gloss properties.
Plastic Panels (GRP/ABS)
These are used for front and rear panels and,
in some cases, for roof and side panels.
Cleaning
For both aluminium panels and plastic panels.
1. Wash the caravan regularly with mild
detergent. Rinse with cold water and
leather off.
2. For better protection a similar coloured
good quality car wax may be applied.
When cleaning Sikaflex sealed areas, use
Domestos/water.
120
WARNING: Under no circumstances use
any abrasive cleaning agents or solvents
on the exterior panels.
Care should be taken as the silicon in
some polishes can attack the rubber
used on the exterior for seals and
gaskets.
Mouldings
All mouldings are of anodised aluminium and
will retain their lustre for a long period if no
abrasive materials are used to clean them.
Acrylic Windows
Wash windows carefully, as you would with
the paintwork of your car, do not scrub
windows prior to removing surface dirt and
film with a hose pipe - trapped dirt could
cause scratching.
Wash with a solution of warm soapy water,
windows can then be dried off with a leather.
Small scratches can be removed, consult
your dealer.
Catches and stays do not require any special
attention or lubrication.
Condensation
As your caravan is double glazed you may
occasionally get condensation inside the
double glazing. This is particularly so in
severe weather change (usually spring and
autumn) and is easily cured in dry weather.
i) Remove the plastic plugs from interior
top of each window.
ii) Leave unplugged for approximately 1-4
hours until condensation has cleared.
WARNING: Do not wash your caravan
with a high pressure washer as these
can permanently damage the seals of
your caravan.
CARAVAN INTERIOR
Follow these guidelines to ensure your
investment is receiving the very best
attention.
Side Walls, Roof Lining
A simple wipe over with a damp cloth and a
very mild detergent is all that is needed.
Soft Furnishings
Should be vacuumed occasionally to remove
grit and sand and help to keep its smart
appearance and ensure long life. The
upholstery can be cleaned with a mild,
reputable upholstery cleaner. It is
recommended that the curtains and pelmets
are specialist cleaned only. The foam used in
cushions is manufactured to meet fire
regulations. It requires time to return to its
normal position after prolonged use.
Work Surfaces
You should not stand very hot items on any
of the work surfaces, especially models with
polycarbonate moulded sinks and drainers.
Maintenance
Cupboard Catches
It is advisable to lightly oil all cupboard
catches, sliding bolts and hinges from time
to time.
Bathroom, Shower Room and Kitchen
Equipment
All the Thermoplastic parts in these areas
have easy clean surfaces. To ensure long life
and prevent damage you must not use any
cleaning materials at all and ensure water
temperatures do not exceed 70°C, (putting
cold water in first is suggested). After every
use it is essential that you rinse with clean
water only and wipe with a soft damp cloth.
Failure to follow these simple instructions
may result in premature failure or cracking
which will not be covered by any guarantees
(including extended warranties).
Furniture
A simple wipe over with a damp cloth should
be all that is required. Polishing with a
proprietary brand of wax polish enhances
and maintains furniture in showroom
condition.
It must be remembered that because the
frames of the doors are made of ash, which
is a natural product, they can be affected by
temperature and humidity and may bow
under certain conditions. As conditions
change they should revert to their original
positions.
Kitchen Drainer and Cutting Board
You should not stand hot items on to the
removeable plastic kitchen drainer. To wash
use only warm soapy water, do not use
chemicals and bleach.
The round wooden kitchen cutting board can
be lightly brushed with vegetable oil to
enhance it.
WINTERISATION/STORAGE
This is probably an opportune moment to
arrange for the caravan to have its annual
service at your appointed dealer.
The following applies wherever your caravan
is stored particularly during the winter
months.
Do not park near trees or larch type fences,
due to possible wind damage.
Keep any grass around the floor of the
caravan short, to maintain air flow and stop
any possible damp getting into the caravan.
It is advised that the caravan is ventilated
regularly throughout the winterisation
/storage period, opening windows, doors
and rooflights when possible.
General
All moving parts should be checked for free
operation.
Clean all cooking appliances and refrigerator.
Lubrication should be carried out at the
points illustrated in the general notes on
chassis maintenance (page 98).
Charge up the on-board battery every 2
months.
Check alarm battery condition every 2
months and charge if necessary.
Leave the refrigerator door open.
Leave furniture doors and lockers open to
allow air to circulate fully.
Condensation
Condensation will occur when humidity
levels rise. Correct heating and ventilation
will help reduce this. When cooking or in wet
inclement weather increased ventilation
through windows and rooflight will be
required.
Soft Furnishings
Clean and dust the upholstery and if
possible remove before placing the caravan
into winter storage. Alternatively, stand the
cushions on their edges to allow circulation
of air. This will reduce the possibility of
dampness from condensation.
Keep curtains or blinds closed, to minimise
fading of furniture.
If the blinds and/or flyscreens remain down
for a prolonged period of time, re-tensioning
of the springs will be necessary before re-use.
121
Maintenance
Wheels and Tyres
Do not store in one position with partially
deflated tyres. The tyre walls will suffer and do
present a real danger of blow outs, especially
when travelling at faster speeds than are
allowed in the UK.
from the tank.
Push up collar (A) to
release and pull plug
(B) down to remove.
B
The wheels should be turned every couple of
weeks or even better, the wheels removed and
the caravan placed on “winter wheels” or axle
stands.
If you are removing the wheels, follow the
jacking procedure for changing a wheel.
Check your tyres regularly for signs of age
and deterioration, particularly wear, cracking
and blistering. If in doubt consult a reputable
tyre fitter.
Water System
Ensure water pump is turned off.
Lift kitchen sink unit lid and clip in open
position.
All single lever mixer taps, including the
shower control, should have the lever moved
to the central position and lifted to the open
position for hot and cold.
All conventional taps should be opened.
Remove shower head. Let the shower hose
drain into the shower tray and then return to
holder.
Drain water tanks if fitted:
Internal tanks- open inline valve adjacent to
122
Empty the water fill funnel by pulling the
bottle away from tank. Remove the small
water cap on the filler bottom, allowing water
to drain from the water funnel. (Not C-200
toilet).
Do not tighten caps, this helps in keeping
unit dry.
Fig. 1
A
the tank. Valve is open when handle is inline
with valve.
External underslung tanks - remove drain
pipe from retaining clip and open tap. Allow
water to drain. Clip pipe back in position.
Open system drains. Remove red drain plug
from under the floor of the vehicle (Fig.1) and
place in drawer.
Drain water heater. Open yellow handle on
inline valve adjacent to heater. Valve is open
when handle is vertical.
Before recomissioning the system reverse all
above actions. (See Taps in Services section)
The Thetford Cassette porta potti is easily
winterised for storage. Empty the fresh water
tank using the drain tube/fresh water tank
level indicator (level indicator on electronic
models only). Pull the lever indicator/drain
tube down from top plug position and
outward through door opening to drain water
The pour out spout and vent plug can be
removed. Seals should be greased if
necessary with acid-free vaseline.
Recomissioning the Water System
Fill the fresh water tank on the Thetford
Cassette porta potti using a hose or jerrycan
until the water in the funnel reaches the neck.
Tank capacity is 15 litres. Aqua Rinse may be
added to improve cleaning of bowl and
flushing of unit.
Replace cap. Swing back the water fill funnel
until it touches the water tank.
Add Aqua Kem (100 ml) into the Cassette (or
120 ml if using Aqua Kem Bio) through the
pour out spout. Add small amount of water
through the pour out spout and replace the
cap.
It is advisable after storage to flush the water
system initially with a sterilising agent (such
as Milton), and then with water repeating until
the system is well flushed through.
Connect the pump.
Fill the system with water until water flows
Maintenance
freely from the hot taps. About 2 gallons of
water will be required. Close the hot taps.
Appliances
Before starting caravanning after storage
check all gas appliances and electrical
points.
Note: Preferably not less than once a year,
the electrical installation should be inspected
and tested by a qualified electrician.
After storage it is advisable to air the caravan
and clean throughout, especially cooking
appliances and the refrigerator.
Replace the bedding and wheels if they were
removed for storage.
Important
Always follow the manufacturers
recommended procedures after use of fitted
equipment in the caravan and before storing
for any length of time.
ALKO RUNNING GEAR
CARE & MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
FOR YOUR AL-KO CHASSIS AND
COMPONENTS
General Information
The AL-KO lightweight chassis has been
perfected by many years of research and
development, supported by an exhaustive
test programme.
Manufactured from high quality steel, the
chassis has extra deep sections to provide
strength at points of maximum stress. Large
elongated holes are punched in the
longitudinal chassis members, to reduce
weight to a minimum. Each hole incorporates
a return flange to maintain the required
strength and provide rigidity in the extra
deep sections.
The chassis frame is of a bolted construction
which allows replacement of individual parts
should the need arise.
The chassis is Hot Dipped Galvanised. This
is regarded as one of the best forms of
corrosion protection. It does however
require minimal maintenance in certain
circumstances and should, if properly
maintained, last the lifetime of the vehicle.
When new, the chassis is of a bright and
shiny appearance. As the galvanising cures
during the initial 2/3 month period, this will
gradually change to a medium/dark grey
colour. This grey finish is the ideal, giving the
correct protective coating. During this curing
period the surface should be protected to
avoid possible wet storage stain, in the
form of a soft, light coloured, porous,
oxidation layer. If the chassis members are in
contact with any salt deposits from roads
this should immediately be washed off with a
high pressure washer. Salt attracts moisture
allowing the surfaces to remain wet, this
prevents curing and also allows formation of
wet storage stain.
It is recommended that the chassis/
components are washed off, using a
pressure washer on an annual basis
(especially after winter usage), to avoid
undesirable build up of salt and dirt deposits.
The galvanised chassis should not be
painted or subjected to any other protective
treatment.
Should the galvanising become superficially
damaged exposing the steel core, this
should be cleaned and treated with a Cold
Galvanising Spray obtainable from vehicle
accessory outlets.
Damage to chassis members through impact
etc, MUST NOT be straightened or welded.
Damaged chassis members MUST be
replaced.
123
Maintenance
Drilling or Welding of Parts or
Accessories
The chassis is designed and built to precise
tolerances and must not be drilled or
welded (except in accordance with certain
AL-KO Accessory Operating Instructions).
Failure to comply will invalidate all
warranties.
Where the Caravan Manufacturer states a
maximum loading weight, then this is the
maximum permitted load. This figure must
not exceed the maximum axle load.
Load Too Far Forward (Fig 2)
Steering and braking ability reduced.
Increased loading on the rear axle and
chassis of the tow vehicle.
Enter your Axle details for future reference:
Independent Suspension
The AL-KO rubber suspension is designed
and developed to suit all types of road
conditions and is maintenance free. Three
rubber elements are contained within a
hexagonal axle tube. These provide
suspension and have inherent damping
characteristics. (Only the hubs and wheel
brakes require attention - see axle section).
Loadings on Coupling Heads, Overrun
Assemblies and Axles
The permitted ‘nose’ weights of the coupling
head/stabiliser, overrun assembly and
drawbars, must never exceed the lowest
value stamped on the assemblies.
The maximum axle loading is that stamped
on the oval (Fig. 1) plate located in the
centre of the axle, facing rearwards. The
third line down marked “Capacity” is the
maximum permitted axle loading and
must not be exceeded.
124
Fig. 2
Load Too Far Back (Fig. 3)
High skid risk together with poor braking
effect.
Fig. 1
Loading
Loads to be carried in the caravan should be
placed directly over, or as close as possible
to the axles, otherwise the handling will be
impaired.
Maximum gross weight, as advised by the
caravan manufacturer, must not be
exceeded without approval from AL-KO.
Maximum loading is defined as the
difference between ex-works weight and the
permitted total weight.
Fig. 3
Load Over Axle (Fig 4)
Optimum road holding together with
maximum braking effect. Exceptionally heavy
loads should packed directly over the axle.
Attention should be paid to the legal
regulations regarding the permitted
pressure exerted by the towbar on the
towed unit.
Maintenance
turn expands the brake shoes applying the
wheel brakes.
Reversing
Fig. 4
AXLE TYPES
Safety Precautions
No welding is permitted on AL-KO Axles
It is important that the wheel and hub/ brake
drum are compatible. This mean that the
PCD, wheelbolts and inset must all be
compatible with both the hub/brake drum
and the wheel rim.
Particular attention must be paid to the
recommended torque figures for the
wheelbolts (see pg 16).
The axle type details shown on axle type
plates must not be obscured or made
illegible by application of any additional
surface finish.
Operating Instructions
Service Brake
When the towing vehicle is braking or
travelling down hill, the overrun device shaft
is pushed in (dependent on the magnitude of
the thrust on the shaft) and presses on the
overrun lever. This acts on the bowden
cables and expander mechanism, which in
When the towing vehicle is reversing, the
overrun device shaft is pushing in, applying
the brakes via the overrun lever, brake rod
system, bowden cables and the expander
mechanism.
The backwards rotation of the brake drum
causes the secondary brake shoe to
collapse cancelling out the braking effect,
allowing the trailer to move backwards. At
the same time the transmission lever swings
back and compensates for the entire travel.
When reversing up a slope or on a loose
surface the brakes may apply themselves,
Correct maintenance and set up of the
brakes will help prevent this. Incorrect
adjustment of the wheel brakes or Linkages
will result in making reversing difficult.
Maintenance and Cleaning
Maintenance of Euro-Plus/Euro-Compact
and Euro-Delta.
The above semi-trailing axles come fitted
with maintenance free wheel bearings
(greased and sealed for life) and no
adjustment is necessary.
NOTE: The hub bearing is not protected
against water ingress. Check wheel brake
linings for wear every 10,000 kilometers or
every 12 months via the inspection hole
(Fig. 5/Item 1). Adjust if necessary. Where
continuous travel in hilly regions or high
mileage is experienced, earlier inspection
and adjustment may be necessary.
Hand Brake
With the gas strut version, pull the
handbrake lever until upright. With the spring
cylinder version, pull the handbrake lever
right up to the last tooth. The caravan is then
braked.
Fig. 5
IMPORTANT NOTE
Please note that with the handbrake fully
applied, the caravan/trailer is able to move
backwards by 25 cms until the spring
cylinder/gas spring takes effect.
NOTE: The flanged hub-nut, located under
the dust cap, used to keep the brake drum
in situ, is a ONE-SHOT NUT (ie. must only
be used once). If removed it must be
125
Maintenance
replaced with a NEW flanged nut - torqued
to 290 ± 10 Nm (214+/1 7.5 lbs/ft). A small
amount of special mineral grease, available
from AL-KO must be applied to stub axle
thread prior to fitting the new flanged nut.
After fitting excess grease must be removed
with white sprit.
The rear hexagon cap head bolt located
under the black plastic cap MUST NOT BE
DISTURBED under any circumstance.
Interference with this nut will result in
immediate tyre wear and damage to the
braking system and WILL INVALIDATE ALL
WARRANTIES. Should the rear nut
accidentally be disturbed then the complete
axle must be returned to AL-KO for resetting
of the toe-in and camber.
No attempt should be made to remove the
bearing. In the event of damage to the
bearing or drum, only the drum complete
with bearing and circlip will be available as a
spare. No grease is used in the hub other
than the mineral grease on the stub axle. No
grease should be placed in the DUST cap.
This is not a grease cap as used in all
previous hubs
“Standard Axle” Maintenance (taper roller
bearings)
After 1500 km or 6 months
Have the axial play of the hub bearing
checked and adjusted if necessary.
126
After 10,000 km or 12 months
Check quantity and quality of grease, renew
if necessary.
Check the wear of the wheel brake linings
every 10,000 Km or every 12 months
through inspection hole (Fig. 5) and adjust if
necessary. Where continuous travel in hilly
regions or high mileage is experienced,
earlier inspection and adjustment may be
necessary.
SPARE PARTS
Spare parts are safety critical parts! For this
reason when fitting spare parts in our
products we recommend the use of original
AL-KO parts or those parts that we have
explicitly approved. The reliability, safety and
suitability of parts designed especially for
our products, has been determined using a
special test procedure. In spite of constantly
monitoring the market we are unable to
assess or vouch for other products.
If repair work or servicing is required, AL-KO
have a large network of AL-KO service
stations throughout Europe.
To establish the correct spare parts required
for your axle you should always quote the
axle type (axle identification plate Fig. 1) and
Spare Part Identification no. (ETI No.), which
will be stamped onto the wheel brake or on
the identification plate (Fig. 6). Please
establish these numbers before contacting
AL-KO or a Service Agent.
Fig. 6
The AL-KO rubber suspension axle has been
designed and developed to suit all types of
road conditions and is maintenance free.
Three rubber elements are contained within
an hexagonal axle tube. These provide
suspension and have inherent damping
characteristics.
Figs. 7, 8 & 9 show the deformation of the
rubber elements at the extremes of
suspension movement.
The axle is designed to ride with the
suspension drop arm at, or slightly below,
the horizontal position.
For Trouble Shooting & Fault Finding please
see Table 1 on page 132.
Maintenance
AL-KO BRAKING SYSTEM ADJUSTMENT
1. Ensure the towing shaft with coupling
head is pulled FULLY FORWARD. (Fig.
10).
Fig. 7 Rebound or Free Position
2. Release the handbrake to the FULLY OFF
position. If the handbrake will not go
down the whole way because of the
fairing or any other obstruction; then the
fairing must be cut away and/or the
obstruction removed to achieve this
desired position. It will not be possible to
set up the braking system properly when
the handbrake is not in the FULLY OFF
position. (Fig. 10).
3. Jack up one side of the caravan, using
the AL-KO Side Lift Jack System. (see
Jack Operating Instructions).
Fig. 8 Normal or Laden Position
4. Remove the inner plastic bung from the
backplate to expose the “starwheel”
adjuster access. (Figs. 10 & 11).
5. ALWAYS rotating the road wheel in the
forward direction - NEVER backwards;
adjust the starwheel with a suitable
screwdriver, in the direction of the arrow
embossed on the backplate until there is
resistance in the wheel rotation. (Fig. 11).
Fig. 9 Maximum Bump
6. Slacken off the starwheel adjuster until
the road wheel turns freely in the
FORWARD direction. (Fig. 11).
7. Check the adjustment at the end of the
brake cable where it is secured to the
abutment (bracket), welded to the centre
of the axle. When the inner cable is pulled
out it should extend between 5 and 8
mm. (Fig.12). (On tandem axles a double
abutment (bracket) is fitted to the front
axle ONLY).
8. Repeat for other wheel or wheels.
9. On tandem axles the brake cables from
the rear axle should pass over this axle
and cross over each other, before being
connected to the abutment (bracket) on
the front axle.
10. Ensure the balance bar (compensator) is
being pulled evenly (Figs.10 & 12).
Excessive movement to this bar (double
on tandem axles) would indicate possible
incorrect adjustment (if appropriate,
repeat step No. 7 - Fig. 12).
11. Check the brake rod support bracket,
(fixed to the floor) IS supporting the
brake rod evenly. The brake rod MUST
ALWAYS run straight, NEVER bent or
curved under any fittings. On tandem
axles, using the double balance bar, a
brake rod support tube (Part No. 228827)
MUST ALWAYS be fitted on the end of
the brake rod, passing through the
centre aperture on the abutment.
12. Remove the slack in the brake rod by
adjusting the long ball nut, rear of the
balance bar, ensuring the overrun lever
makes contact with the end of the
127
Maintenance
Brake Linkages
It is recommended that all brake linkage
threads are lightly greased for protection.
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
128
Maintenance
towing shaft. Note! Over adjustment to
the long ball nut (Fig. 12/Item 2) could
induce movement of the inner brake
cable, reducing the effective clearance of
the brake shoes. If the overrun lever will
not make contact, it is possible the two
lock nuts, forward of the spring cylinder,
are incorrectly adjusted. Loosen the nuts
and adjust brake rod as above (Figs. 10
& 12).
13. Adjust the two locking nuts, forward of
the spring cylinder (Fig. 10), (on some
chassis a single Nyloc nut is used) to
give 1 mm of clearance on the spring
cylinder. This cylinder (the energy store
for the handbrake operation) must be
able to rotate ONLY, not slide on the
brake rod. (Fig. 12). (If the overrun
assembly is fitted with a gas strut
handbrake then no spring cylinder is
fitted - therefore ignore this paragraph).
14. CORRECT ADJUSTMENT of the linkage
is checked by operating the handbrake
lever so that when the second or third
tooth is engaged, a slight braking force is
felt on the road wheels.
15. OVER ADJUSTMENT of either the wheel
brakes or linkages, will result in difficult
reversing causing the wheels to “lockup”.
16. When parking, the handbrake lever
MUST ALWAYS be engaged into the fully
upright position (90°). This is to
compress the spring within the spring
cylinder and thereby create an energy
store which will automatically engage the
brakes further should the caravan move.
If difficulty is experienced in this
operation, try easing the caravan
backwards with one hand while engaging
the handbrake fully with the other. This
manoeuvre should not be attempted on
a rearwards facing slope. In this case
wheel chocks should be used combined
with the handbrake. See page 117 for all
handbrake operations.
17. Finally, if the road wheels have been
removed, re-tighten using a calibrated
Torque Wrench to 88 Nm (65 lbs/ft) - on
all M12 wheel bolts -in sequence, i.e.
North, South, East, West NOT clock or
anti-clockwise (refers to steel rims only).
Remember to over-tighten is just as
dangerous as to under-tighten, as this
can distort the wheel rims. Avoid the use
of power wrenches.
fitted with an AKS 1300 Stabiliser, please
request Part No. 1385106 for full operating
instructions. If fitted with AKS 2700,
request Part No. 1385107.
Safety Precautions
Always ensure that the coupling head is
properly connected to the tow vehicle’s
towball every time you couple up. If this
procedure is not carried out correctly, the
caravan/ trailer may become detached from
the towing vehicle!
Maximum possible articulation of the
coupling head must not exceed ±25 o
vertically and ±20 o horizontally - see Fig 13.
If exceeded, components will be overloaded
and the operation of the assembly adversely
affected!
IMPORTANT - The torque settings
should be rechecked after 50 Km. Wheel
bolts should NEVER be lubricated.
Coupling Heads/Combined Stabiliser
Devices
Your Caravan will be fitted with either a
standard coupling head or a combined
stabiliser/coupling unit. If your caravan is
Fig. 13
129
Maintenance
Operation
Uncoupling
For Coupling types AK160, AK300 &
AK350.
Open the coupling handle and lift the
coupling head from the towball. When there
are higher nose loads, coupling and
uncoupling can be made easier by using the
jockey wheel.
Coupling Up
Open coupling handle. To do this pull the
coupling handle up (Fig. 14) in the direction
of the arrow.
Wear Indicator
A wear indicator on the coupling head (Fig.
15) shows whether the wear limit of the
towing vehicle’s towball or the trailer
coupling has been reached or not.
The coupling mechanism has a fixed open
position, ie. as long as the coupling head is
not placed on the ball the coupling will
remain open.
Put the open coupling onto the towball. The
coupling handle automatically and audibly
clicks into position. In the interests of safety,
press the handle down by hand (Fig. 14).
Fig. 14
The coupling head is correctly connected
when the green cylinder part of the safety
indicator is visible (when viewed from the
side - Fig. 14/Item 2).
If the green indicator is visible on the
coupling (with the coupling engaged Fig. 15),
the coupling head is in good condition or the
wear on the towball is within permissible
limits.
The coupling mechanism is correctly
engaged when the coupling handle can no
longer be pressed down any further (by
hand).
When the green indicator on the coupling
handle is completely covered over and only
the red portion is visible (Fig. 15), this could
be caused by the following:
Caution
If the coupling head is not correctly hitched
onto the towball, then the caravan/trailer can
become disconnected from the towing
vehicle.
Fig. 15
130
For this purpose, hitch up the trailer to the
towball and drive the unit for approx. 500 m.
This will set the coupling head adjustment.
Following this, check the wear indicator as
follows.
-
The towball has reached the lowest wear
limit of 49.61 mm dia.
-
Both coupling head and towball are
showing signs of wear.
Maintenance
-
Towball is in good condition with 50mm
dia, but the coupling head is showing an
excessive level of wear.
Caution
Under these circumstances, the coupling
head can become detached from the towball
and the caravan/ trailer can breakaway from
the tow vehicle. The coupling head and
towball must therefore be checked
IMMEDIATELY before future use. Any faulty
parts must be changed IMMEDIATELY.
Fig. 17
All maintenance work should be carried out
by AL-KO Approved Workshops.
Wear Indicator:
Operation
For coupling types AK7, AK 10/2 or
AK252. (This type of coupling is normally
fitted to trailers or older model caravans).
Coupling Up
Push the safety lever (Fig. 16/Item 1) up with
the index finger and lift the handle up and
forwards. Put the opened coupling onto the
towball with the handle pulled up and in
addition press down by hand. The coupling
will close by applying a light pressure. Press
the handle down by hand until the catch
snaps out (Fig. 16).
The coupling head is correctly engaged
when the green cylinder part of the safety
indicator is visible (Fig. 16/Item 2).
It is most important to check that the
coupling head is properly engaged on the
towball each time.
If the handle reaches the back of the
cutaway portion of the housing, when the
coupling head is engaged (Fig. 17) there will
be play between the towball and coupling
head. Automatic re-adjustment is no longer
possible and the assembly will need
inspecting.
Uncoupling
Caution:
Lift coupling handle fully and remove the
coupling head from the towball. Where there
are higher nose loads, coupling and
uncoupling can be made easier by using the
jockey wheel.
Under these circumstances, the coupling
head can become detached from the towball
and the caravan/ trailer can breakaway from
the tow vehicle. The coupling head and
towball must therefore be checked
IMMEDIATELY before future use. Any faulty
parts must be changed IMMEDIATELY.
Fig. 16
Caution
All maintenance work should be carried out
by AL-KO Approved Workshops.
131
Maintenance
Servicing & Cleaning
Lubrication Points (Fig. 18)
Clean Towball
Lightly grease, or oil ball socket, joints and
bearing points as appropriate. General
purpose grease to DIN 6=51825 KTA 3K.
For Troubleshooting and Fault Finding please
see Table 2 on Page 133.
2. Suitable for attachment to drawbars or
approved overrun braking equipment for
single (and tandem axle) caravan/trailers,
with a minimum weight of 200 Kg and a
maximum permissible weight of 2000 Kg.
3. EC design approval has been given to the
AL-KO AKS 2004 coupling under permit
No. e1*94/20*0930*00.
RESTRICTIONS OF USE
1. The trailer coupling may only be
connected to towing vehicles where the
clearances for the stabiliser can be
observed, in accordance with EC
Directive 94/20 (DIN 74058). If these
clearances are infringed by special
attachments, then the use must be
checked separately.
Clearances for Stabiliser Handle
(Fig. 19)
Fig. 18
Operating Instructions for AKS
2004
REGULATIONS
1. The AKS 2004 must be used in
conjunction with 50 mm dia. towballs
which conform to EC Directive 94/20 (DIN
74058 or local equivalent).
132
The area above the towball of the vehicle
must be free from vehicle components or
attachments (A) (eg spare wheels,
platforms etc.)
The clearance for the stabiliser handle
must be at least 330 mm (B) + the stroke
movement (D) (85mm-100mm), which
equates to 440 mm when used in
conjunction with an AL-KO overrun.
Max. 50 mm (C) clearance between the
centre of the towball and top of the
overrun assembly or fairing, to ensure
Fig. 19
both coupling handle and stabiliser
handle do not foul on operation.
Maintain the same clearances for other
manufacturers’ overrun assemblies.
2. Not suitable for use with overrun devices
which can revolve above 25 (Fig. 20).
3. Swan Neck towbars (fixed or detachable)
are suitable for use with the AKS 2004
providing they comply to EC Directive
94/20 and have the required minimum 60
mm clearance, measured from the centre
of the towball (Fig. 20).
Maintenance
AKS 2004 Delivery Specifications
Coupling handle (Fig. 23/Item 1),
Stabiliser Lever (Fig. 23/Item 2)
Fig. 21
Fig. 20
SAFETY WARNINGS
1. In accordance with EC Directive 94/20,
couplings of type A 50-1 cannot be used
(see Fig. 21), your warranty will be invalid
if this type of towball is used.
Fig. 23
Preparation for coupling/uncoupling
The Stabiliser lever (Fig. 24/Item 2) must be
in the uppermost position (open).
2. For UK use, please use the extended
neck towball (type A50-X).
3. A bolted-in type ball coupling (Fig. 22) is
only permissible if the thread is locked or
welded.
Coupling
Fig. 22
4. The AKS 2004 cannot be used with a
laterally attached reversing lever, on the
left side, when facing direction of traffic.
6. If friction pads become contaminated
with grease, they should be replaced.
5. The towball must be free from grease,
paint and other residue, otherwise the
stabilising effect will be greatly reduced.
7. The AKS 2004 should only be operated
by one person, when opening or closing
the handle, to reduce injury risks.
Pull the coupling handle (Fig. 25/Item 1) up
in the direction of arrow. The coupling
mechanism has an open position ie. as long
as the AKS2004 is not placed on the ball,
the handle will remain open. Put the opened
coupling onto the clean towball. The handle
must now make an audible click and return
to the flat position.
133
Maintenance
Fig. 26
Warning: The coupling is correctly engaged
when the green edge of the safety indicator
button is visible (Fig. 26/Item 3).
Fig. 24
Stabiliser Unit
To operate the Stabiliser (once coupled to
the towball), simply press the stabiliser lever
down as far as it will go (Fig. 26/Item 2).
Uncoupling
Pull the stabiliser lever handle up as far as it
will go, open the coupling handle and lift the
AKS2004 from the towball. With larger nose
loads, coupling and uncoupling can be made
easier by using the jockey wheel to assist
lifting.
Fig. 25
134
Please Note: The friction pads (Fig.
27/1,2,3) are pressed against the towball and
hence generate a stabilising/damping force.
These pads are therefore subject to wear
over time, however they will have a long
service life (circa.30,000 Miles), provided
they are well maintained and kept free of
grease/dirt.
Fig. 27
Checking the efficiency of the left/right
friction pads
1. Couple up AKS 2004.
2. Open Stabiliser lever (Fig. 28/Item1).
3. Close Stabiliser lever until resistance is
felt (ie friction pads are in contact with the
ball but not yet under pressure).
4. If the arrow on the arm (Fig. 28/Item 4) is
before or on the marked area (Fig.
28/Item 2) the friction pads are still as
new (See A)
Maintenance
Manoeuvring
For easier manoeuvring (on campsites etc),
pull the stabiliser lever to the ‘up’ position.
Please do not use the stabiliser lever as an
manoeuvring handle. Please use the handles
on the Caravan or fit the AL-KO
manoeuvring handle to your jockey wheel
(available separately).
1. During opening or closing, the AKS must
only be operated by one person.
2. Press stabiliser lever down by hand force
only DO NOT use your foot or an
extension bar, this will damage the
components (Fig. 29).
Fig. 28
5. The arrow on the arm should lie between
the marked area on the soft dock (See B)
6. If the arrow on the plate reaches or
passes the marked area on the soft dock
then the friction pads need replacing
(See C).
Please Note: It is not necessary to adjust
the friction pads
3. When opening or closing the
stabiliser lever, please ensure your hand
does not touch the coupling handle - you
may accidentally trap your fingers! (Fig.
29).
Noises whilst driving
As a rule, the friction pads of the AKS 2004
do not make a noise during driving. Any
clicking, creaking or squeaking noises that
do arise may be due to the following:
a) Foreign bodies or dirt between the friction
pad and tow ball.
b) Dry operation of the drawshaft inside the
overrun device.
c) A detachable towball which has too much
play in the locking mechanism.
Fig. 29
135
Maintenance
Remedial Action
Servicing and Cleaning
a) Clean the tow ball and friction pads by
lightly rubbing the surface (100-120 grit
emery paper).
Friction Pad Replacement (please replace
one at a time)
b) Lubricate the drawshaft sleeve via the
grease nipples. In addition, push the
gaiter forward and grease (DIN 51 825
KTA 3K) the exposed part of the shaft
(Fig. 30).
c) Visit a specialist workshop to have the
ball holding area checked for damage
and the locking mechanism for function.
If necessary, change the towball.
1. Uncouple AKS 2004.
2. Remove protective caps (Fig. 31/Item 1)
with the aid of a small screwdriver.
3. Press worn out pad inwards and remove
(use punch and hammer) (Fig. 31/2)
4. Insert new friction pad from below (after
first re-inserting shim washers if they
were present) and press in as far as it will
go (Fig. 31/Item 4 & Fig. 32).
Checking the efficiency of the front/rear
friction pads
1. Couple the AKS 2004 to the towball but
do not activate the stabiliser.
2. If a green indicator is visible (on the
handle), then the AKS 2004 is in a new
condition or the pads and towball are
within the permissible limits (Fig. 33/Item
2).
Fig. 31
Establish the diameter
of the towball so that
conclusions may be
drawn as to the wear
of the friction pads
(ball diameter must
not be less than
49.61mm)
Fig. 32
3. If only a red indicator is visible (Fig.
34/Item 3), then this may have the
following causes:
a) AKS 2004 is okay but the towball has
reached the lowest limit of 49.61mm
Fig. 30
136
b) AKS 2004 shows signs of wear
c) Towball is in a new condition (50mm)
but the front/rear friction pads show a
high degree of wear.
Fig. 33
Fig. 34
Maintenance
Friction Pad Replacement
(Front/Rear only)
damage to the AKS 2004 components.
5. In Winter, carefully spray only the visual
indicator with de-icer.
1. Uncouple the AKS 2004
2. Remove the rubber soft dock (pull up and
off) Fig. 35/Item 1 & Fig 36.
Lubrication
Should lubrication of the stabiliser parts
become necessary, then the following must
be observed.
3. Press the safety indicator outwards and
secure with SW14 hex. spanner (not
included), (Fig. 35/Item 2).
a) Clean all parts thoroughly.
4. Remove cheese-head screws (Fig. 35/
item 3 & Fig 36), using special torx tool.
5. Press friction lining recess (Fig. 35/Item 4)
inwards and pull down and out.
b) Areas may only be covered with a thin
film of grease (Fig. 38).
Fig. 35
c) Use multipurpose grease DIN 51825 KTA
3K.
6. Open coupling handle (Fig. 35/Item 8).
Warning: When lubricating, ensure none
gets into the friction pad or towball holding
area.
7. Remove countersunk head cap screw
using special torx tool (Fig. 35/Item 5 &
Fig. 37).
8. Press friction pad inwards with a
screwdriver and remove from ball cup.
9. Fitment of new linings takes place in
reverse. Tighten screws 3 & 5 to 5 Nm.
Fig. 36
Fig. 37
10) Replace rubber soft dock, insert top
section first then bottom.
2. If friction pads are contaminated, they
should not be cleaned but replaced.
Important Maintenance and Cleaning
Advice:
3. The surface of the towball must be free of
grooves, rust or seizing marks.
1. The towball should be cleaned regularly
to remove grease or other residue, the
use of Thinners, White Spirit or Brake
Cleaner is recommended - otherwise the
stabilising effect will be severely reduced.
4. Towballs coated (with paint or similar)
must have this surface completely
removed (use 100 or 120 grain emery
paper). If this is not done, increased
towball wear will occur and may cause
Fig. 38
137
Maintenance
Overrun Devices
In the importance of Safety, please
familiarise yourself with the operation of this
overrun device BEFORE using your
caravan/trailer.
Safety Precautions
When parking your tow vehicle and
caravan/trailer on site, you must apply the
caravan handbrake. If the unit is parked but
disconnected from the tow vehicle, it is
strongly recommended that each wheel is
chocked using AL-KO or suitable wheel
chocks.
Overrun devices fitted with 50 mm
coupling head
Fully open coupling head handle and secure
hitch onto the towball. See pages 10 and
123 (coupling up).
Thread the breakaway cable through the
breakaway cable guide provided (Fig. 40)
and connect it to attachment point provided
on towing bracket (Fig. 39). Please refer to
‘Braked Trailers Use of Breakaway Cables’
for further detail.
1. The breakaway cable MUST run through
the breakaway cable guide.
2. The breakaway cable MUST NOT be
wrapped around the jockey wheel, as this
disables the emergency brake (Fig. 41).
3. The cable MUST run as straight as
possible and not be restricted.
If a ‘detachable’ type drawbar is fitted (as
with catering trailers). the drawbar must not
be removed from the trailer with the handbrake applied.
Caution: Please note when parking the
caravan/ trailer, the wheelbrake autoreverse mechanism will allow the
caravan/trailer to travel backwards for
approximately 25 cm (please allow
sufficient clearance when parking).
Caution: The breakaway cable operates the
handbrake (emergency brake), in the event
of the caravan/trailer becoming detached
from the towing vehicle during towing. For
this emergency brake to work correctly, it is
absolutely essential that the following points
are observed:
4. Ensure the cable is long enough to allow
for cornering and will not become taut or
snag during use, as this could result in
the handbrake operating whilst towing.
Fig. 39
Please refer to ‘Braked Trailers Use of
Breakaway Cables’ Information sheet,
supplied with your caravan/trailer.
Operation
AL-KO overrun devices are a mechanical
type, using a hydraulic damper.
Coupling Up
Manoeuvre towing vehicle or trailer to
coupling point.
138
Fig. 40
Fig. 41
Maintenance
Overrun device fitted with Eye End
Lock the eye end into the eye end jaw
assembly and see operating instructions for
vehicles fitted with eye end jaw assembly.
Overrun Device Fitted with 50 mm
Coupling Head
Connect trailer electric plug controlling lights
and indicators etc. into towing vehicle
socket.
Fig. 44
Wind the jockey wheel up fully and clamp
securely in position, ensuring that it does not
foul the brake rod or breakaway cable.
Ensure handbrake is fully off by pushing it
fully down (Figs. 42-46).
Remove wheel chocks if fitted and stow
safely.
Caution: Failure to comply with this could
result in the brakes overheating.
Fig. 42
Fig. 45
Fig. 43
Fig. 46
Coupling Up (Euro-Overrun Devices)
Fully retract Jockey Wheel inner tube so that
it locks against Jockey Wheel outer tube.
Slacken Jockey Wheel Clamp handle and
raise complete assembly through cutout in
body to its highest position (ensure it doesn’t
come into contact with the brake rod
assembly), fully tighten Jockey Wheel Clamp
handle to ensure the Jockey Wheel is firmly
held in position (Fig. 45).
139
Maintenance
Uncoupling (All Types)
Secure caravan/trailer by chocking both
wheels. Apply handbrake fully. There are 4
different handbrake systems (See Figs 4246). With all four systems please observe the
following:
Handbrake Lever With Gas Strut (Fig. 42)
Ensure handbrake is fully applied (as
highlighted). This will ensure that the gas
strut will automatically re-apply the wheel
brakes if the trailer starts to roll backwards.
To Release
Press the handbrake push button fully home
and firmly press the handbrake lever back
into the off position (handbrake horizontal).
Caution: If the handbrake is not fully
applied as detailed above, there is danger
that the trailer could roll backwards!
Automatic Handbrake Lever (Fig. 44)
Ensure handbrake is fully applied (as
highlighted). This will ensure that the gas
strut or spring cylinder will automatically reapply the wheel brakes if the trailer starts to
roll backwards.
To Release
Firmly push the handbrake lever back into
the off position (Handbrake horizontal).
Handbrake Lever With Spring Cylinder
and Gas Strut (Fig. 46), normally fitted to
commercial units:
Caution: The brake rod must not be under
tension/bowed when the handbrake is
disengaged, otherwise the breakaway
mechanism will not function.
Ensure handbrake is fully applied (as
described). This will ensure that the gas strut
or spring cylinder will automatically re-apply
the wheel brakes if trailer starts to roll
backwards.
Apply handbrake fully ensuring that
handbrake is in the vertical position. This will
ensure that the spring cylinder energy store
is fully loaded and will automatically re-apply
the wheel brakes if the trailer starts to roll
backwards.
140
Every 10,000 - 15,000 Km or every 12
months: Lubricate/grease all sliding and
moving parts of the overrun device as show
in Fig. 47.
Caution: If the handbrake is not fully
applied as detailed above, there is danger
that that the trailer could roll backwards!
Caution: If the handbrake is not fully
applied as detailed above, there is danger
that the trailer could roll backwards!
Handbrake Lever With Spring Cylinder
(Fig. 43)
Servicing
Caution: If the handbrake is not fully
applied as detailed above, there is danger
that the trailer could roll backwards!
To Release
Press the handbrake push button fully home
and firmly press the handbrake lever back
into the off position (handbrake horizontal).
Fig. 47
Recommended lubricant. General purpose
grease to DIN 51825 KTA 3KA.
Maintenance
Servicing and care of hot dip galvanised
parts
The formation of white rust is only a surface
coating and has no adverse effect on the
anti-corrosion properties of galvanising. In
order to minimise the potential for the
formation of white rust the following
precautions should be taken:
-
Ensure there is adequate air circulation
when storing hot dip-galvanised parts.
-
After winter journeys it is recommended
that surfaces are washed with clean
water.
housing. The ETI number for the Euro
Overrun can be found on the handbrake
lever (See Fig. 45).
For Troubleshooting and Fault Finding,
please see Table 3 on Page 132.
Spare Parts
Spare parts are safety critical parts! For this
reason when fitting spare parts in our
products we recommend the use of original
AL-KO parts or those parts that we have
explicitly approved. The reliability, safety and
suitability of parts designed especially for
our products, has been determined using a
special test procedure. In spite of constantly
monitoring the market we are unable to
assess or vouch for other products.
If repair work or servicing is required, AL-KO
have a large network of AL-KO service
stations throughout Europe. To establish the
correct spare parts required you should
always quote the model and type of overrun
device in question along with the ETI No.
which is stamped into the overrun device
141
Maintenance
Trouble Shooting & Fault Finding
Table 1 Axles
Fault
Cause
Remedy
Poor Braking
Linings worn or damaged.
Replace Brake Linings.
Brake Linings not bedded in.
Will pass after braking a few times.
Brake set up incorrect.
Reset Brakes as page 117 & ensure system is lubricated.
Braking system set too tightly.
Reset Brakes as page 117.
Auto-Reverse lever too stiff.
Lubricate and free off Reverse Lever.
Incorrect setting.
Reset Brakes as page 117.
Braking system not fully released.
Check Handbrake has been released & the system is running freely.
Overrun lever stuck.
Lubricate and free off Reverse Lever.
Damage or Corrosion to braking system
Check system as page 117 and repair or renew parts as necessary.
Incorrect setting of the brakes.
Reset brakes as page 117 and lubricate as necessary.
Linings not bedded in.
Will pass after braking a few times.
Loose braking adjustment.
Reset brakes as page 117.
Damper defective.
Check and replace damper if necessary.
Axle shock absorbers defective.
Replace shock absorber.
Difficulty in Reversing
Brakes Overheating
Handbrake Force Low
Uncomfortable ride or
Uneven Braking
142
Maintenance
Table 2 Coupling Heads
Fault
Cause
Remedy
Coupling does not engage
onto ball
Ball diameter too large.
Ball could be damaged or deformed.
Coupling head dirty or defective.
Change ball to correct size.
Fit new ball.
Clean & Lubricate coupling and replace if necessary.
Difficulty in Uncoupling
Ball damaged or deformed.
Coupling damaged or deformed.
Coupling head under pressure from damper.
Fit new ball.
Replace if necessary.
Pull forward a few inches to to relieve pressure
Too much play in the
coupling
Coupling damaged or deformed
Ball too small
Replace if necessary.
Fit new ball.
Fault
Cause
Remedy
Poor Braking
Overrun shaft tight.
Overrun shaft corroded.
Body housing damaged.
Lubricate overrun shaft and replace any damaged parts.
Brakes Overheating During
Towing
Handbrake not fully released.
Braking system incorrectly set.
Incorrect attachment of breakaway cable.
Release handbrake.
Reset brakes as page 117.
Ensure correct attachment as listed on page ? or refer to Braked Trailers
Use of Breakaway Cables sheet.
Handbrake Force Low
Defective gas strut.
Incorrect setting of spring cylinder.
Replace gas strut.
Reset spring cylinder as page 117.
Brakes Apply During
Deceleration or Downhill Travel.
Overrun damper is defective.
Replace the overrun damper.
Table 3 Overrun Devices
143
Maintenance
ACCESSORIES
Corner Steadies
Corner Steadies are as stated, for the
purpose of steadying the caravan corners.
They are NOT JACKS AND SHOULD NEVER
BE USED AS SUCH. The screw and pivot
pins should be lubricated periodically to
ensure their satisfactory operation. (See also
Jack Operation).
Shock Absorbers
All AL-KO chassis have pre-punched holes
to accommodate Shock Absorbers, in front
of the axle. On the Euro-Axle System, axle
swing arms have a removable rectangular
plastic cap exposing a slot to accommodate
retro-fit brackets for the Octagon Shock
Absorbers. (See Accessory Price List). Delta
Axles have Shock Absorbers fitted as
standard which MUST NOT BE REMOVED.
Stabilisers
AL-KO overruns can be fitted with a range of
AL-KO Stabiliser devices (if not already fitted
as standard), dependent on the maximum
gross weight of the caravan. AL-KO
stabilisers operate on a friction type basis,
whereby friction pads grip onto a dry,
grease free towball. It is important to note
that the AKS range of stabilisers are suitable
for use with swan neck, fixed or detachable
type towbars or the special AL-KO Extended
Neck Bolt-On Towball. We do not approve
144
the use of any other bolt-on type towball,
other than the AL-KO Towball. Failure to use
the correct towball may result in product
failure and will invalid your warranty.
The AKS range is available in three different
models: The AKS 1300 is suitable for
caravans up to a maximum gross weight of
1360 Kg, the AKS 2700 up to 2700 Kg and
the new AKS 2004 up to 2000 Kg. Each
Stabiliser can also be retro-fitted with an
AL-KO Security Device and Safety ball, to
ensure maximum theft Deterrent (please see
our accessory price list for further details).
All ‘Red’ coloured AL-KO Security Devices
have full TUV and Sold Secure Approvals
and are available from most good caravan
dealers or direct from AL-KO Mail Order on
0800 074 4334.
AKS 1300 &
Security
Device
AKS 2700 &
Security
Device
AKS 2004 &
Security
Device
Road Wheels
In most instances the road wheels and tyres
are supplied by the Caravan Manufacturer.
The condition of wheels and tyres should be
checked regularly, particularly for distortion
of flanges and the wheel dish. Wheels that
are damaged or distorted, or have wheel bolt
seatings cracked or deformed must not be
repaired or used in service - these must
be replaced.
Important: Standard AL-KO caravan chassis
use M12 wheel bolts. These must always
only be tightened to the correct torque
setting of 88 Nm (65 lbs/ft), in sequence, (i.e.
North, South, East, West); NEVER clock or
anti-clockwise. ALWAYS use a calibrated
torque wrench, do not use a corner steady
brace, power or electric wrench. It is as
dangerous to overtighten wheel bolts as it is
to not tighten them sufficiently.
Important: The torque settings should be rechecked after 50 Km.
If other wheel bolts are used please ensure
the torque settings are as follows:
Maintenance
M10 - 49 Nm (36 ft. lb)
M14 - 135 Nm (99.5 ft. lb)
Side Lift
Jack
M16 - 210 Nm (155 ft. lb)
Special Note -Aluminium Wheels
The standard M12 x 1.5 60° Conical Wheel
bolts are NOT SUITABLE for aluminium
wheel rims. Special wheel bolts should be
used.
There are 3 variants to
suit most AL-KO
chassis (record your
tyre size on this
booklet for future
reference).
The carriers can be
fitted for left or right
hand operation and are easy to fit.
2-Tonne
Jack
Tyres
The legal requirements for tread depth on
motor vehicles, also applies to caravan and
trailers.
The telescopic frame tubes should be
lubricated periodically.
RECORD YOUR SPARE WHEEL
CARRIER INFORMATION HERE:
Jacks
Caravan Make (eg Abbey) .........................
The Corner Steadies Should never be
used to jack up the caravan. When jacking
becomes necessary use the AL-KO Side Lift
Jack or 2-Tonne Jack system.
If working under the caravan in an elevated
position, axle stands must be used for
safety. Wheel chocks for the opposite
wheel(s) are also advisable.
NOTE: It is essential that the car and
caravan are hitched together before
commencing jacking. All AL-KO chassis
from 1992 onwards have 2 holes punched in
the chassis members, each side (rear of the
axle); to accept the brackets for the Jack(s).
(See Accessory Price List).
Jockey Wheel
Tyre Size (eg 195R 13)...............................
Lubricate screw
thread and wheel
spindle periodically.
(taken from following diagram)
Corner Steadies may be used for stability
ONLY, when the caravan is in the jacked
position.
The caravan should never be lifted by
jacking up under the chassis member.
Caravan Model
(eg Spectrum 520) .....................................
Year of Manufacture ..................................
Dimension ‘X’ in mm .................................
Spare Wheel Carriers
Each caravan has a
set of punched holes
in the chassis member to facilitate the fitting
of a spare wheel carrier. The assembly is of a
strong, lightweight construction and zinc
plated for all-weather protection.
145
GENERAL
DATA
Fault Finding ......................................................................... 148
Water .................................................................................. 148
Gas ..................................................................................... 150
Cassette Toilet .................................................................... 151
Useful Information ............................................................... 152
Owners Club ...................................................................... 152
Spares and After Sales ...................................................... 152
Repair Facilities .................................................................. 152
Caravan Clubs......................................................................153
Motoring Associations .........................................................153
Trade Association.................................................................153
CRIS .....................................................................................153
Fault Finding
WATER
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Water not flowing from
any tap when operated
but pump runs
Freshwater tank empty
Pump wired in reverse
Pump not primed
Pipe inlet or outlet pipe disconnected
Pump pipes restricted by kinking
Blockage in pump inlet or outlet pipe
Blocked in-line filter of pump filter
Air leak in suction line to pump
Check
Check wiring, refer to pump manufacturers instructions
Refer to pump manufacturers instructions
Check connections
Check pipes run
Check, starting inside freshwater tank
Dismantle and clean
Check for bubbles & secure with clip
Pump does not run
Pump or tap incorrectly wired
Pump fuse blown
Battery disconnected
Pump seized or overheated
Pressure pump sensing switch may have failed
Contacts may be faulty
Wiring connections may be faulty
On switched tap version, microswitch could be faulty
Refer to pump/tap manufacturers instructions
Check wiring connection and then replace with fuse of correct rating
Check connections
Refer to pump manufacturers servicing instructions
Refer to pump manufacturers servicing instructions
Check contacts in plug and socket are clean and making contact
Check wiring connections
Disconnect wires from microswitch and join together. If the pump
operates, microswitch should be replaced
Water flows from cold tap
but not from hot
Feed pipe to water heater incorrectly connected to
the heater outlet
Blockage in hot pipeline
Heater inlet or outlet pipes kinked preventing flow
Refer to installation instructions
Hot tap not connected
Hot tap failed or blocked
Heater non-return valve jammed
148
Disconnect pipes and inspect
Check and re-route if necessary. Ensure that hose is Carver
recommended type
Refer to installation manual
Disconnect and inspect
Seek service attention
Fault Finding
WATER
(continued)
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Water flows from hot tap
but has reduced flow from
cold
Cold water pipe kinked preventing flow
Blockage in cold pipe line
Cold tap not connected
Cold tap failed or blocked
If a water filter is fitted, the cartridge is exhausted
Check and re-route if necessary
Disconnect pipes after 1st Y connector and check up to tap
Refer to installation instructions
Disconnect and inspect
Replace cartridge
Reduced flow from both
hot and cold taps
Battery condition low causing pump to run slowly
If new taps have been fitted they may be restricting flow
Pump needs servicing
Partially blocked pump filter or in-line filter, if fitted
Pump outlet pipe kinked restricting flow
Water leak
Check battery state of charge, refer to electrical supply note
Disconnect and check that they have at least 1/4" (6.3mm) bore
Refer to pump servicing instructions
Dismantle and clean if necessary
Check and re-route if necessary
Check all water connections
Reduced flow from
either tap
Y’ connector(s) fitted incorrectly
Pipe kinking restricting flow
Bore size difference in taps
Refer to installation instructions
Check and re-route if necessary
Use taps of equal bore size
Warm water flows out of
cold tap
Hot water back-feeding into cold line, usually if mixer
tap or single outlet hot and cold taps being used
Fit non-return valve in cold supply, near tap
If pump motor runs
steadily and will not stop
Battery voltage may be too low (below 10.5 volts)
Check that there is water in the container
Adjust switch and/or re-charge battery
Check all connections in pipework
149
Fault Finding
GAS
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Hob does not light
No gas
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to hob manufacturers instructions
Air in pipe
Oven does not light
No gas
Air in pipe
Space heater or central
heating
No gas
Over gassed
Air in pipe
Fridge does not light
No gas
Air in pipe
Water heater does not
light
No gas
Air in pipe
150
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to oven manufacturers instructions
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Check exhaust outlet is clear
Turn off appliance, wait 2 minutes and try again
Purge system
Refer to space heater or central heating boiler manufacturers instructions
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to fridge manufacturers instructions
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to water heater manufacturers instructions
Fault Finding
CASSETTE TOILET
Problem
Remedy
Bowl does not drain when
toilet is flushed.
Cassette is overfilled
DO NOT REMOVE CASSETTE. While inside the caravan turn flush knob anti-clockwise to open valve blade and
leave it in the open position.
Open access door on side of caravan. Rotate pour-out spout outward. Place appropriate size container under spout cap.
Remove cap carefully. Allow bowl contents to drain into container. This will lower the water level in the bowl.
Replace cap and return pour-out spout to stored position. DO NOT REMOVE CASSETTE.
Go inside the caravan and turn the flush knob clockwise to close valve blade. Now, the cassette may be removed
following the normal removal and emptying procedure.
Odours
Use proper amount of holding tank deodourant specified on bottle.
Toilet tissue does not fit
into compartment.
Since some tissues are supplied on larger rolls, it may be necessary to use some tissue before storing into compartment.
Soiled bowl after flushing
Partially fill bowl to cover soiled portion of bowl. Next flush will dissolve waste. Tip: Leave valve blade open during use.
No power to add water to
toilet bowl
Check cassette safety sensor switch and fuse-holder for proper engagement and operation.
Note: Cassette has to be removed to reach switch and fuse.
Insert cassette and try adding water to toilet bowl.
Toilet can be flushed manually. Add water. Add water to bowl from a separate container. Turn flush knob anti-clockwise
to open valve blade. Turn clockwise to close valve blade.
Cassette cannot be
removed
Check for obstacles under retaining clip. Depress retaining clip several times to check operation. Remove cassette.
Flush knob and valve blade in partial open position. Close valve blade by moving knob clockwise.
CAUTION: If valve blade is open during cassette removal, severe damage to system can occur. Never force insertion
or removal of the cassette tank.
Valve blade mechanism
sticks or is hard to open
Spray light film of silicone on blade.
Major unit malfunction
Contact your original Caravan Dealer.
151
Useful Information
OWNERS CLUB
The Owners Club is a completely
independent organisation run for the benefit
of the caravan owners. They have numerous
rallies during the year in various parts of the
country and every third year there is a
‘Works Rally’ where owners have the
opportunity to visit the factory. Apart from
the friendliness and companionship the Club
generates it is also actively engaged in
charity work for those less fortunate than
ourselves. The address of the Secretary of
the Owners Club can be obtained from
Supercare (SML Ltd), Tel: 01482 875740 or
from the Swift Group website.
SPARES AND AFTER SALES
SUPERCARE
There are numerous items available from
your dealer ranging from door catches
through to spare wheels and touch-up
paints. Please note that all after sales
enquiries must be directed through your
supplying dealer. The after sales service at
the factory is geared to support our dealer
network as is the service provided by
appliance manufacturers.
In the interest of safety, replacement parts
for an appliance shall conform to the
appliance manufacturers specifications and
should be fitted by them or their authorised
agents.
152
Note: Please remember to quote chassis
number when ordering any items from your
dealer.
Customer Care
Tel: 01482 875740
Fax: 01482 840082
NOTE:
The times for contacting Customer Care by
telephone are:
9am to 4pm Monday to Thursday.
9am to 12.45pm Friday.
Swift Group Website
www.swiftleisure.co.uk
Swift Group E-Mail Enquiry
enquiry@swiftleisure.co.uk
REPAIR FACILITIES
Should you be unfortunate enough to suffer
a major accident with your caravan it is
comforting to know that we have a
completely separate repair shop facility
where their fully trained experts will under
take all types of major damage repair work.
Repairs of a minor nature should be referred
first to your local dealer.
Useful Information
The enjoyment of caravanning can be
greatly enhanced by membership of one or
more of the various caravanning, motoring
and holiday clubs. Here are some useful
addresses:
CARAVAN CLUBS
MOTORING ASSOCIATIONS
TRADE ASSOCIATION
The Caravan Club,
East Grinstead House,
East Grinstead
West Sussex, RH19 IUA
Tel: 01342 326944
www.caravanclub.co.uk
Automobile Association (AA)
Fanum House,
Basingstoke,
Hants. RG1 2EA
Tel: 0990 448866
www.theaa.co.uk
e-mail: customer.services@theaa.com
National Caravan Council
Catherine House,
Victoria Road,
Aldershot,
Hampshire, GU11 1SS
Tel: 01252 318251
www.martex.co.uk/ncc
e-mail: mail@martex.co.uk
The Camping and Caravanning Club,
Greenfields House,
Westwood Way,
Coventry,
West Midlands.
Tel: 01203 694995
www.campingandcaravanningclub.co.uk
RAC Motoring Services
RAC House,
M1 Cross,
Brent Terrace,
London, NW2 1BX
Tel: 0990 722722
www.rac.co.uk
Green Flag National Breakdown
PO Box 300,
1, Cote Lane,
Leeds, LS99 2LZ
Tel: 0345 670345
CRIS
HPI Equifax
Dolphin House,
New Street,
Salisbury,
Wiltshire SP1 2TB
Tel: 01722 411430/422422
Swift Group Limited
Dunswell Road, Cottingham,
East Yorkshire HU16 4JX
Tel: (01482) 875740
e-mail: enquiry@swiftleisure.co.uk
web site: www.swiftleisure.co.uk
© 2004 SWIFT GROUP LTD
153
Index
A
B
C
D
E
156
Accessories ...................................144
Aftersales.......................................152
Air Conditioning.............................113
Alarm System ..................................49
Alde Heating System.......................65
AL-KO Running Gear.....................123
Arrival on Site ..................................17
Ash Framed Doors ........................115
Awnings .........................................117
Barbeque Point..............................108
Battery .............................................48
Bedding .........................................109
Blinds.............................................111
Blizzard Air Conditioners ...............113
Brake Linkages..............................128
Braking System .............................127
Breakaway Cable ............................13
Bunks.............................................110
Caravan Clubs ...............................153
Caravan Terms...................................2
Cassette Toilets .............................101
Chassis Number ..............................22
Children ...........................................21
Comet Roma Single Lever
Mixer Tap......................................27
Corner Steadies...............................10
CRIS ..............................................153
Doors
Entrance .....................................112
Ash Framed................................115
Doorscreen ....................................111
Driving Licence ..................................4
Electrical Control Module ................45
Electrical Control Panels .................40
Electricity Supply.............................34
Arrival on Site...............................34
Consumption Figures...................37
Generator .....................................48
Mains Inlet Cable .........................36
Overseas Connections.................35
12V ...............................................51
Electrical Supply Module ...........44/46
Escape Paths ..................................21
F
G
Fault Finding..................................148
AL-KO Running Gear .................142
Cassette Toilet............................151
Gas.............................................150
Water ..........................................148
Fire ..................................................20
Fire Extinguisher ..............................21
Flyscreens......................................111
Fumes..............................................22
Fuses (DC) .......................................47
Fuses (road lights) ...........................44
Gas Supply ......................................30
Butane..........................................31
Connection...................................33
Fault Finding ..............................150
Flue Installations ..........................33
Gas Bottles ..................................31
Hoses ...........................................31
Precautions ..................................32
Propane........................................32
Regulator......................................31
Safety Advice ...............................32
Ventilation.....................................33
Generator Guidelines.......................48
Glossary and Checklist .....................4
Grill ..................................................97
H
Habitation Relay ..............................48
Handling ..........................................15
Heating ............................................57
Heki Rooflight ................................112
Hob ..................................................96
Hotplates .........................................97
I
Inboard Water Tanks........................26
Insurance .........................................22
J
Jacking Points .................................16
Jockey Wheel ................................145
L
Levelling...........................................17
Loading and Distribution of Weight...7
M
Maintenance ..................................120
Exterior .......................................120
Interior ........................................120
Modifications/DIY.......................120
Winterisation/Storage.................121
Smoke Alarm ...................................20
Solar Panel ......................................48
Space Heaters.................................57
Spares and After Sales..................152
Speed Limits....................................15
Stability..............................................8
Stopping on a Hill............................17
Stoves Hobs, Grills and Ovens .......96
Microswitch Taps.............................27
Microwave Oven............................100
Mirrors .............................................15
Motoring Associations...................153
Motorway Driving ............................16
Moving Off .......................................15
N
O
Noseweight........................................4
Omnivent Rooflight........................113
Oven ................................................97
Overseas Electrical Connections ....35
Owners Club..................................152
P
Passengers ......................................13
Preparing for the Road ......................7
Loading & Distribution of Weight ...7
Other Considerations .....................9
Pre-load Checklist..........................7
Pre-tow Checklist and
Hitch Up....................................10
Stability ..........................................8
Towing Vehicle - Rear
Suspension .................................8
Pullman Bunks...............................110
R
Refrigerators ....................................72
Dometic RM7271L, RM7275L,
RM7291L, RM7295L, RM7361L,
RM7365L, RM7401L and
RM7405L......................................72
Thetford Absorber ........................86
RM4501........................................85
Reich Kama Single Lever
Mixer Tap......................................28
Repair Facilities .............................152
Reversing.........................................15
Road Lighting ..................................13
Rooflights ......................................112
S
Safety and Security .........................19
SC20 Control Panel.........................63
Security............................................22
Services ...........................................23
Electricity......................................34
Gas...............................................30
Water ............................................24
Shock Absorbers...........................144
Shower ..........................................116
T
Tables ............................................116
Taps .................................................27
TEB Fan ...........................................60
Thermal Insulation ...........................33
TP 5000 Thermostat........................70
Thetford Absorber Refrigerator .......86
Thetford Cassette Porta Potti .......101
Thetford Cassette C-200...............104
Towing Code......................................2
Towing Vehicle Terms ........................3
Trade Associations ........................153
Transformer/Charger Unit ................44
Truma Compact Crystal 2 ...............25
Truma Space Heaters......................57
Truma Ultraheat Heating .................60
Truma Ultrastore Water Heater........54
Truma Waterline...............................26
TV Inlet...........................................108
Tyres ..............................................145
V
Ventilation ........................................21
W
Water ...............................................24
Heater...........................................54
Pumps ..........................................25
Tanks and Systems ......................26
Weights..............................................2
Wheels .............................................10
Changing......................................16
Rims .............................................10
Torque ..........................................16
Windows........................................112
Winter Maintenance
and Storage ...............................121
NCC Approved
All Swift Group models have been certified by the National Caravan Council for compliance
with stringent European Standards, British Legislation and industry set Codes of Practice
specifically relating to health and safety issues. The approval process covers the testing and
inspection of critical areas of the product from fire safety, weights and dimensions, to gas,
electrics and ventilation. Every Swift caravan carries the "NCC Approved Caravan" badge.
The NCC also conduct unannounced inspections at the Swift factory to ensure continued
compliance. NCC Approval gives you peace of mind that your caravan is legal and safe.
Quality with Style
Swift Caravans Dunswell Road, Cottingham, East Yorkshire HU16 4JX.
Telephone: 01482 875740 Fax: 01482 840082
email: enquiry@swiftleisure.co.uk web site: www.swiftcaravans.co.uk
Issued September 2004
1055916
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