Schneider Electric | Xantrex TR1512 230 50 | Installation manual | Schneider Electric Xantrex TR1512 230 50 Installation manual

Xantrex™ TR Series
Inverter/Charger
Xantrex TR1512 120 60
Xantrex TR2412 120 60
Xantrex TR3624 120 60
Xantrex TR1524 230 50
Installation Manual
www.schneider-electric.com
Xantrex TR1524 120 60
Xantrex TR2424 120 60
Xantrex TR1512 230 50
Xantrex TR2424 230 50
Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger
Installation Manual
www.schneider-electric.com
Copyright and Contact
Trademarks
Schneider Electric, the Schneider Electric logo, and Xantrex are trademarks or registered trademarks of the
Schneider Electric group of companies. Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and product names are the
property of their respective owners and are used herein for identification purposes only.
Notice of Copyright
Copyright © 2008, 2009, 2010 Xantrex Technology Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be
reproduced in any form or disclosed to third parties without the express written consent of:
Xantrex Technology Inc.
161-G South Vasco Road
Livermore, California USA 94551
Xantrex Technology Inc. reserves the right to revise this document and to periodically make changes to the
content hereof without obligation or organization of such revisions or changes unless required to do so by prior
arrangement.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”)
(A) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION
PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION;
(B) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR EXPENSES, WHETHER SPECIAL, DIRECT,
INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY
SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK; AND
(C) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH, ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO
MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED XANTREX CONTENT IS
CONTAINED WITH THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION WHICH IS POSTED AT WWW.SCHNEIDER-ELECTRIC.COM.
Date and Revision
March 2010 Revision B
Part Number
975-0367-01-01
Product Number
Xantrex TR1512 120 60, Xantrex TR2412 120 60, Xantrex TR1524 120 60, Xantrex TR2424 120 60
Xantrex TR3624 120 60, Xantrex TR1512 230 50, Xantrex TR1524 230 50, Xantrex TR2424 230 50
Contact Information
www.schneider-electric.com
☎
North America 1 650 351 8237
1 866 519 1470
✉
1 925 245 1022
re.techsupport@schneider-electric.com
La France
+0825012999
fr-re-techsupport@fr.schneider-electric.com
Deutschland
+49 (0) 180 575 6575 +49 (0) 2102 404 7101
solarservice@de.schneider-electric.com
España
+34 93 498 7466
+34 93 305 5026
re.techsupport@es.schneider-electric.com
L'Italia
+39 035 4151111
+39 035415 3200
IT-pronto-contatto@it.schneider-electric.com
For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit our website at:
http://www.schneider-electric.com/sites/corporate/en/support/operations/local-operations/local-operations.page
About This Manual
Purpose
The purpose of this Installation Manual is to provide explanations and
procedures for installing the Schneider Electric Xantrex TR Series Inverter/
Charger.
Scope
The Manual provides safety guidelines, detailed planning and setup information,
and procedures for installing the inverter. It does not provide details about
particular brands of batteries. You need to consult individual battery
manufacturers for this information.
Audience
The Manual is intended for use only by qualified installers when installing the
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger. Installers must be certified technicians or
electricians as this manual may not contain all required details and information
necessary for a safe and code compliant installation.
Organization
This Manual is organized into two chapters and one appendix.
Chapter 1, “Planning” contains information to pre-plan your installation of the
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger.
Chapter 2, “Installation” contains information about how to plan for and install the
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger.
Appendix A, “Specifications” contains information about the electrical,
environmental and regulatory specifications of the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/
Charger.
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About This Manual
Conventions Used
The following conventions are used in this guide.
WARNING
Warnings identify conditions or practices that could result in personal injury or
loss of life
CAUTION
Cautions identify conditions or practices that could result in damage to the unit or
other equipment.
Important: These notes describe things which are important for you to know, but
not as serious as a caution or warning.
Model Numbering
This Manual contains information for eight models of the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger.
Within this Manual, if information applies to all models of the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger then they will be referred to as the Xantrex TR Series. If
information only applies to select models then the model number will be
referenced as shown in the table below. Make sure you know which model
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger you have purchased.
Model Number
Input
Voltage
Power
Battery Bank
Operating Voltage Frequency
Xantrex TR1512 120 60 120 Vac
1500 VA 12 Volt
60 Hz
Xantrex TR2412 120 60 120 Vac
2400 VA 12 Volt
60 Hz
Xantrex TR1524 120 60 120 Vac
1500 VA 24 Volt
60 Hz
Xantrex TR2424 120 60 120 Vac
2400 VA 24 Volt
60 Hz
Xantrex TR3624 120 60 120 Vac
3600 VA 24 Volt
60 Hz
Xantrex TR1512 230 50 230 Vac
1500 VA 12 Volt
50 Hz
Xantrex TR1524 230 50 230 Vac
1500 VA 24 Volt
50 Hz
Xantrex TR2424 230 50 230 Vac
2400 VA 24 Volt
50 Hz
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About This Manual
Abbreviations and Acronyms
AC
Alternating Current
ASC
Authorized Service Center
COM
Communications Port
DC
Direct Current
PV
Photovoltaic
RE
Renewable Energy
RMA
Return Material Authorization
Xantrex TR Series
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger
Related Information
You can find more information about Schneider Electric as well as its products
and services at www.schneider-electric.com.
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vi
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
THIS MANUAL CONTAINS IMPORTANT
INSTRUCTIONS THAT SHALL BE FOLLOWED
DURING INSTALLATION OF ALL XANTREX TR
SERIES INVERTER/CHARGER MODELS.
WARNING: Limitations on use
The Xantrex TR Series is not intended for use in connection with life support
systems or other medical equipment or devices.
General
1. Before installing and using the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger, read all
instructions and cautionary markings on the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/
Charger and all appropriate sections of this guide and the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger Operation Manual (Part #: 975-0391-01-01). Be sure to read
all instructions and cautionary markings for any equipment attached to this
unit.
2. This unit is designed for indoor use only. Do not expose the Xantrex TR
Series Inverter/Charger to rain, snow, or spray.
3. To reduce risk of fire hazard, do not cover or obstruct the ventilation
openings. Do not install the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger in a zeroclearance compartment. Overheating may result.
4. Transformerless battery chargers are not to be used with this product family
due to the possible overheating and damage to the charger.
5. Use only attachments recommended or sold by the manufacturer. Doing
otherwise may result in a risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
6. To avoid a risk of fire and electric shock, make sure that existing wiring is in
good condition and that wire is not undersized. Do not operate the Xantrex
TR Series Inverter/Charger with damaged or substandard wiring.
7. Do not operate the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger if it has received a
sharp blow, been dropped, or otherwise damaged in any way. If the Xantrex
TR Series Inverter/Charger is damaged, see the Warranty section.
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Safety
8. Do not disassemble the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger. It contains no
user-serviceable parts. See Warranty for instructions on obtaining service.
Attempting to service the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger yourself will
void your warranty and may result in a risk of electrical shock or fire. Internal
capacitors remain charged after all power is disconnected.
9. The Xantrex TR Series contains more than one live circuit (batteries and AC
line). Power may be present at more than one source or from more than one
location. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, disconnect both AC and DC
power from the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger before attempting any
maintenance or cleaning or working on any circuits connected to the Xantrex
TR Series Inverter/Charger. Turning off controls will not reduce this risk.
10. Use insulated tools to reduce the chance of short-circuits when installing or
working with the inverter, the batteries, or a PV array.
11. Several diagrams contained within this manual are basic in nature and are
included only to depict different installation options. All details may not be
shown, and as such, local electrical codes must still be referenced.
Wiring Requirements
1. The Xantrex TR Series is designed to be permanently connected to the AC
and DC electrical systems. Schneider Electric recommends that all wiring be
done by a certified technician or electrician to ensure compliance with the
local and national electrical codes relevant to your installation. It is the
responsibility of the installer to ensure that the installation of the Xantrex TR
Series complies with all relevant electrical codes.
2. All wiring methods and materials shall be in accordance with local electrical
codes. When sizing conductors and conduits interfacing to the Xantrex TR
Series, both shall be in accordance with all state and local code
requirements.
3. This product is intended to be installed as part of a permanently grounded
electrical system. This is the single point earth ground for the inverter system.
4. Use copper conductors only with insulation rated for 90°C (or higher).
5. The grounds on the Xantrex TR Series are marked with this symbol:
6. The AC voltage and current on the Xantrex TR Series is marked with this
symbol:
WARNING Fire Hazard:
Do not install 120 volt AC stand-alone inverters onto 120/240 volt AC multibranch circuit wiring. This could pose a fire hazard due to an overloaded neutral
return wire in this configuration. See the Application Note titled “Multi-wire Branch
Circuit Issues” on the Schneider Electric website for additional information and
possible solutions.
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Safety
Explosive Gas Precautions
WARNING: Explosion Hazard
Working in the vicinity of lead-acid batteries is dangerous. Batteries generate
explosive gases during normal operation. Therefore, you must read this guide
and follow the instructions exactly before installing or using your Xantrex TR
Series Inverter/Charger.
1. This equipment contains components which tend to produce arcs or sparks.
To prevent fire or explosion, do not install the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/
Charger in compartments containing batteries or flammable materials, or in
locations that require ignition-protected equipment. This includes any space
containing gasoline-powered machinery, fuel tanks, as well as joints, fittings,
or other connections between components of the fuel system.
2. To reduce the risk of battery explosion, follow these instructions and those
published by the battery manufacturer and the manufacturer of the
equipment in which the battery is installed.
Precautions When Working With Batteries
WARNING: Explosion or Fire Hazard
Follow all instructions published by the battery manufacturer and the
manufacturer of the equipment in which the battery is installed.
1. Make sure the area around the battery is well ventilated.
2. Never smoke or allow a spark or flame near the engine or batteries.
3. Use caution to reduce the risk of dropping a metal tool on the battery. It could
spark or short circuit the battery or other electrical parts and could cause an
explosion.
4. Remove all metal items, like rings, bracelets, and watches when working with
lead-acid batteries. Lead-acid batteries produce a short circuit current high
enough to weld metal to skin, causing a severe burn.
5. Have someone within range of your voice or close enough to come to your
aid when you work near a lead-acid battery.
6. Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts
skin, clothing, or eyes.
7. Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching your
eyes while working near batteries.
8. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and
water. If acid enters your eye, immediately flood it with running cold water for
at least twenty minutes and get medical attention immediately.
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Safety
9. If you need to remove a battery, always remove the grounded terminal from
the battery first. Make sure all accessories are off so you don’t cause a spark.
10. Always use identical types of batteries.
11. Never install old or untested batteries. Check each battery’s date code or
label to ensure age and type.
12. Batteries are temperature sensitive. For optimum performance, they should
be installed in a stable temperature environment.
13. Always recycle old batteries. Contact your local recycling center for proper
disposal information.
Regulatory
The Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger is CSA Certified to appropriate US and
Canadian standards. The 230 Vac/50 Hz models have been marked with the CE
designation for European countries. See “Safety and Electromagnetic
Compatibility Specifications” on page A–4 for more detailed information.
The Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger is intended to be used for residential or
commercial applications. Do NOT use this unit for applications for which it is not
listed (i.e., land vehicles or marine craft). It may not comply with the safety code
requirements or could possibly present other operational or safety hazards.
FCC Information
for the User
The Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a residential environment. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with this Installation Manual, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment on and off, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
•
Connect the equipment into a circuit different from that which the receiver is
connected
Consult the dealer where the equipment was purchased or an experienced radio/
TV technician for help.
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Contents
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - vii
1 Planning
Unpacking and Inspection - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–2
Pre-installation Planning - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–3
Location - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–3
Mounting - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–4
Ventilation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–4
Tools Required - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–4
Hardware/Materials Required - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5
Wiring Considerations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5
Grounding Considerations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
AC Grounding - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
DC Grounding - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
Wire Routing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
Electrical Panels and Circuit Breaker Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
AC Distribution Panel (Sub-Panel) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
DC Disconnect - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
Battery Considerations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
Battery Location - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
Battery Temperature - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
Basic Configurations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–8
Generators - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–10
2
Installation
Inverter Mounting - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–2
DC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
General DC Grounding Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
DC Circuit Grounding - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
Batteries - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–7
Battery Types - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–7
Battery Cable Sizing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–7
DC Disconnect and Over-current Protection - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–9
Battery Cable Connections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–10
Connecting the Battery Bank to the Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–12
Installing a Battery Temperature Sensor - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–13
Using the COM Port - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–14
AC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–15
AC Distribution Panel (Sub-panel) Mounting and Conduit Installation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–15
Accessing the AC Terminals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–15
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Contents
AC Input to the Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Output Wiring to the AC Distribution Panel (Sub-panel) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Wiring - On-Grid Applications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using a Generator - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Wiring - Off-Grid Applications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Series Stacking - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DC Wiring for Two Disconnect Devices - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DC Wiring for One Disconnect Device - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DC Wiring With a Conduit Box - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Battery Connections for Stacked Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Input to Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC Output from Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Testing Stacked Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Start-up and Test - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
2–18
2–19
2–20
2–21
2–22
2–24
2–24
2–25
2–26
2–27
2–28
2–29
2–29
2–30
2–32
2–32
A Specifications
Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–4
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Figures
Figure 1-1
Figure 1-2
Figure 1-3
Figure 2-1
Figure 2-2
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
Figure 2-5
Figure 2-6
Figure 2-7
Figure 2-8
Figure 2-9
Figure 2-10
Figure 2-11
Figure 2-12
Figure 2-13
Figure 2-14
Figure 2-15
Figure 2-16
Figure 2-17
Figure 2-18
Figure 2-19
Figure 2-20
On-Grid Basic Configuration (Utility Backup) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–8
Off-Grid Configuration - with Renewable Energy Sources - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–9
Charge Rate versus RMS AC Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–11
Dimensions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–2
Mounting on Construction Studs - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–3
Mounting on Plywood- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–4
DC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–6
Battery Cable Connections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–11
DC Terminals on the Xantrex TR Series - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–11
Installing the DC Hardware and Covers - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–13
AC Side Cover Panels - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–16
AC Terminals for AC Input to the Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–18
AC Terminals for AC output to the Sub-panel - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–19
AC Wiring - On-Grid Application - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–20
AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using a Generator - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–21
AC Wiring - Off-Grid Application using a Generator - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–23
DC Side of the Xantrex TR Series - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–24
DC Wiring with 2 Disconnect Devices - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–25
DC Wiring with 1 Disconnect Device - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–26
DC Wiring with a Conduit Box - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–27
Battery Connections- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–28
AC Side of the Xantrex TR Series - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–29
AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using Series Stacking- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–31
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Tables
Table 1-1
Table 2-1
Table 2-2
Table 2-3
Table 2-4
Table 2-5
Table 2-6
Table 2-7
Table A-1
Table A-2
Table A-3
Charge Rate versus RMS AC Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–10
Safety Ground Conductor Size (US Installations) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
Safety Ground Conductor Size (Canadian Installations) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–6
Battery Charge Profiles - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–7
Minimum Recommended Battery Cable Size versus Length - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–8
Battery Cable to Maximum Breaker/Fuse Size - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–9
Minimum Recommended Fuse Size - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–10
Min. Recommended Wire Size, Torque Values, and Max. Output Breaker Size - - - - - - 2–17
Electrical Specifications - 120 Vac/60 Hz Models - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–2
Electrical Specifications - 230 Vac/50 Hz Models - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–3
Environmental Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–4
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1
Planning
Chapter 1, “Planning” contains information to
pre-plan your installation of the Xantrex TR
Series Inverter/Charger.
This manual for use by qualified installers only
Planning
Unpacking and Inspection
Carefully unpack the inverter/charger from its shipping carton.
Important: The unit weighs 35–45 lb (15.9–20.4 kg) (depending on model).
Have additional help available if necessary, to assist in lifting the unit during
installation.
Verify all of the items listed below are present. Please call Schneider Electric
Customer Service if any items are missing.
❐ Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger
❐ Battery Temperature Sensor
❐ 1 3 ft. (0.9 m) Series Stacking Cable (120 Vac/60 Hz models only)
❐ 1 Red DC terminal cap
❐ 1 Black DC terminal cap
❐ 4 hardware to secure terminal caps
❐ 3 lock washers for DC/GND terminals
❐ 4 flat washers for DC/GND terminals
❐ 3 nuts for DC terminals
❐ 1 lower AC wiring box
❐ 1 upper AC wiring box (vented)
❐ 3 hardware to secure AC wiring boxes
Save your proof-of-purchase. This is required if the unit should require warranty
service.
Save the original shipping carton and packing materials. If the inverter ever
needs to be returned for service, it should be shipped in the original carton. This
is also a good way to protect the inverter if it ever needs to be moved.
Record the unit’s model, serial number and date of purchase in the appropriate
fields in section “Information About Your System” on page WA–4 of the Xantrex
TR Series Inverter/Charger Operation Manual (Part #: 975-0391-01-01).
Important: Due to continual improvement through product updates,
photographs and/or illustrations used in this manual may not exactly match your
unit. Schneider Electric reserves the right to update this product without notice or
releasing an updated manual when fit, form or function are not affected.
See the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger Operation Manual (Part #: 975-039101-01) for additional information if necessary.
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Pre-installation Planning
Pre-installation Planning
WARNING: Shock hazard
Installation must only be performed by installers that are certified technicians or
electricians as this manual may not contain all required details and information
necessary for a safe and code compliant installation.
Important: Before installing and using the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger,
read all instructions and cautionary markings on the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/
Charger and all appropriate sections of this guide. Be sure to read all instructions
and cautionary markings for any equipment attached to this unit.
Take some time prior to installing the equipment to pre-plan the installation.
Location, mounting, and ventilation should be taken into consideration before
any cabling can be done.
Location
Inverters contain sophisticated electronic components and should be located in
a well protected, dry environment away from sources of fluctuating or extreme
temperatures and moisture. Exposure to saltwater is particularly destructive and
potentially hazardous.
Locate the inverter as close to the batteries as possible in order to keep the
battery cable length short. However, do not locate the inverter in the same
compartment as vented batteries. Batteries generate hydrogen sulfide gas which
is corrosive to electronic equipment. They also generate hydrogen and oxygen. If
accumulated, an arc caused by connecting the battery cables or switching a
relay could ignite this mixture. Mounting the inverter in a ventilated enclosure with
sealed batteries is acceptable.
CAUTION: Corrosion Damage
If the inverter is installed in a location where it is exposed to a corrosive or
condensing environment and fails due to corrosion, it will not be covered under
warranty.
Important: Inverters can generate RFI (Radio Frequency Interference). Locate
any sensitive electronic equipment susceptible to RFI as far away from the
inverter as possible. This includes radios and TVs.
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Planning
Mounting
The keyhole slots must not be used as the only method of mounting. The purpose
of the wall mounting requirement is to orient the inverter so that its bottom cover
will not allow burning material to be ejected in the unlikely event of an internal fire.
Use ¼ in. (6.4 mm) diameter screws or equivalent for mounting. The mounting
surface should be capable of supporting twice the weight of the inverter.
Ventilation
Install the inverter in a well ventilated area/enclosure for proper operation. The
inverter’s thermal shutdown point will be reached sooner than normal in a poorly
ventilated environment, resulting in reduced peak power output and surge
capability, as well as shorter inverter life.
The inverter contains an internal fan. Ensure the air vents and intakes are not
obstructed in any way. Provide a minimum clearance of 6 in. (15 cm) around the
top and bottom, plus 12 in. (30 cm) clearance around the sides of the inverter for
ventilation.
Tools Required
The following tools may be required to complete this installation.
❐ #2 Phillips screw driver
❐ Flat-head screwdriver (Jeweller's type)
❐ Assorted open-end wrenches
❐ Socket wrench and fittings
❐ Multimeter (True rms)
❐ Hole saw
❐ Level
❐ Wire strippers
❐ Torque wrench
❐ Electrical tape
❐ Pencil
❐ Utility knife
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Pre-installation Planning
Hardware/Materials Required
The following hardware or materials may be required to complete this installation.
❐ 4 ft. x 4 ft. (1.22 m x 1.22 m) sheet of ¾ in. (20 mm) plywood or equivalent; or
standard construction stud material, for example 2 ft. x 4 ft. (60 cm x 120 cm)
❐ #12 wood screws or ¼ in. x 1½ in. (6.5 mm x 38 mm) lag bolts or equivalent
❐ Conduit and appropriate fittings
❐ Wire nuts
Wiring Considerations
This section describes the wiring requirements and considerations. It provides
the required wire sizes, recommended lengths for conductors, and disconnect/
circuit breaker requirements. All wiring should be made with minimum 90° C
copper wire. While 90°C or higher temperature rated wiring may be used, the
wire gauge sizing must still be based in accordance with 75°C wiring ampacities
from your local electrical code for use in conjunction with typical AC over-current
protection. See “Minimum Recommended Battery Cable Size versus Length” on
page 2–8 for details.
All wiring and installation methods should conform to applicable electrical and
building codes.
Pre-plan the wire and conduit runs.
•
The AC terminals accept cable sizes up to #6 AWG (13.6 mm2).
•
The DC terminals accept any size cables that use ring terminals with 5/16 in.
(8 mm) holes and a maximum flange width of 1 5/16 in. (33 mm).
•
If you intend to stack two 120 V/60 Hz units, consider the length of the
provided series stacking cable (3 ft./0.9 m).
•
Due to voltage drop considerations, battery-to-inverter cabling should be
only as long as required. See Table 2-4, “Minimum Recommended Battery
Cable Size versus Length” on page 2–8 to assist you with cable sizing and
length.
For maximum safety, run both AC and DC cables in conduit.
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Planning
Grounding Considerations
AC Grounding
The inverter/charger should be connected to a grounded, permanent wiring
system. Neutral and ground conductors should only be bonded at one place,
and only one place, in the system, either at the main electrical service panel or
the sub panel. The AC input and output circuits are isolated from the enclosure
and the system grounding, if required by the appropriate sections of your local
electrical code, is the responsibility of the installer.
DC Grounding
The negative battery conductor should be bonded to the grounding system at
only one point in the system. See “DC Circuit Grounding” on page 2–5. Consult
your local electrical codes for additional information and requirements.
Wire Routing
Determine all wire routes both to and from the inverter and which knockouts are
best suited for connecting the AC conduits. Possible routing scenarios include:
•
AC input wiring from the main electrical service panel to the inverter/charger
(if used)
•
AC input wiring from the generator to the inverter/charger (if used)
•
DC input wiring from the batteries to the inverter/charger
•
AC output wiring from the inverter/charger to the sub-panel
•
Battery Temperature Sensor cable from the batteries to the inverter/charger
(if used)
•
Remote control cable to the inverter/charger (if used)
•
DC ground from the batteries to an external ground rod
•
Load circuit wiring rerouted from the main service panel to the sub-panel
Check for existing electrical or plumbing prior to making cuts in the walls. Cut
holes in the walls at appropriate locations for routing wiring/cables.
Electrical Panels and Circuit Breaker Requirements
The following electrical panels and circuit breakers may be required for this
installation.
AC Distribution Panel (Sub-Panel)
Loads backed up by the inverter will need to be rerouted from the main electrical
panel to a sub-panel. This can be done several different ways, depending upon
the installation. Always refer to electrical codes for safe wiring practices.
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Pre-installation Planning
DC Disconnect
Install a DC disconnect breaker or fuse in the positive (+) battery line. This
breaker protects the DC wiring in the event of an accidental short. Size the
breakers/fuses in accordance with the size of the battery cables in accordance
with your local electrical codes. Switch this breaker/disconnect OFF whenever
servicing the batteries.
Battery Considerations
The Xantrex TR Series can support either 12-volt or 24-volt battery banks,
depending on the model. The battery voltage MUST match the voltage
requirements of the inverter. To determine the correct voltage for the system see
the table in “Model Numbering” on page iv.
Battery Location
Locate the batteries in an accessible location. Two feet (61 cm) clearance above
the batteries is recommended for access to the battery caps. They should be
located as close to the inverter as possible without limiting access to the
inverter’s disconnects. Install the batteries to the left of a wall mounted inverter for
easy access to the DC side of the inverter and shorter cable runs.
For safety and to limit access to the batteries, a lockable, ventilated, battery
enclosure or dedicated room should be used. If an enclosure is used, it should
be vented to the outside by a 1 in. (25.4 mm) vent pipe located at the top of the
enclosure. Install an intake vent at the bottom of the enclosure to promote air
circulation. These vents exhaust explosive hydrogen gases and must not be
overlooked when designing an enclosure.
The enclosure should be made of an acid resistant material or have a finish that
resists acid to prevent corrosion. It should be capable of holding the electrolyte
from at least one battery should a leak occur.
Place a layer of baking soda on the shelves to neutralize any acid that may be
spilled in the future (lead-acid batteries only).
Enclosures located outside must be rainproof and screened to prevent access
by rodents or insects.
Battery Temperature
The battery enclosure should provide a fairly stable temperature for the batteries.
If it is installed in a cold environment, insulation should be used to protect the
batteries from the cold. The insulation also provides a more consistent
temperature and better system performance.
The battery enclosure should not be installed in direct sunlight where the summer
sun can overheat the batteries. Locate the enclosure where it will be protected
from the afternoon sun and provide vents in the top and bottom of the enclosure
to provide air flow. High battery temperatures greatly shortens the life of the
batteries.
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Planning
Basic Configurations
The following illustrations show basic applications for the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger. They include the following configurations.
•
On-Grid Configuration - Utility Backup
•
Off-Grid Configuration with Renewable Energy Sources and a Generator
Consult with your system design for other possible configurations depending on
site and code requirements.
Figure 1-1 On-Grid Basic Configuration (Utility Backup)
Important: For Renewable Energy (RE) sources to be utilized in conjunction with
grid power, the inverter’s AC input connection to the main electrical panel will
need to be switched OFF so the inverter operates in a stand-alone configuration.
The utility power can be used like a generator to supply power when the RE
sources cannot keep up with the loads.
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Pre-installation Planning
Figure 1-2 Off-Grid Configuration - with Renewable Energy Sources
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Planning
Generators
WARNING: Shock hazard
Generators utilizing AC outputs with plug/receptacle configurations are not
permitted for connection to the AC input terminals of the Xantrex TR Series unit.
Only the use of generators that are permanently and directly connected to the
Xantrex TR Series unit, without any type of interconnecting devices, is permitted.
An AC generator can be used as an input source instead of the utility power, or
can be connected (using additional hardware) to power the loads when utility is
not present (utility outage), and to charge the batteries. The generator must be of
the permanently installed type and not a portable type unit used for emergency
power (i.e. no cord-connected generators are permitted). Small emergency type
(lower power) generators may not have a stable enough voltage for the inverter
to synchronize to or provide enough current to fully charge the batteries.
The maximum charge rate the battery charger can deliver is dependant upon the
AC voltage available. The charger’s rated output is based on a utility voltage of
120 Vac RMS for 120 Vac/60 Hz models and 230 Vac RMS for 230 Vac/50 Hz
models.
Size the generator appropriately for the system, including battery charge and
load current.
Table 1-1 and Figure 1-3 demonstrates how the AC voltage available affects the
charging current.
Table 1-1 Charge Rate versus RMS AC Voltage
Xantrex
TR1512 120 60
Xantrex
Xantrex
TR1512 230 50 TR2412 120 60
Xantrex
TR1524 120 60
Xantrex
TR1524 230 50
Xantrex
TR2424 120 60
Xantrex
Xantrex
TR2424 230 50 TR3624 120 60
70 Vac–90 Vaca
(134 Vac–
180 Vac)ab
14 amps
20 amps
7 amps
14 amps
14 amps
90 Vac–100 Vaca
(180 Vac–
210 Vac)ab
35 amps
50 amps
17.5 amps
35 amps
35 amps
100 Vac–110 Vac 70 amps
(210 Vac–
240 Vac)b
70 amps
35 amps
70 amps
70 amps
110 Vac–130 Vac 70 amps
(210 Vac–
240 Vac)b
100 amps
35 amps
70 amps
70 amps
130 Vac–140 Vac 56 amps
(240 Vac–
253 Vac)b
80 amps
28 amps
56 amps
56 amps
RMS AC Voltage
Available
a.Charger is OFF for RMS Voltages less than 70 Vac (134 Vac) or greater than 140 Vac (253 Vac).
b.Values in parenthesis are for 230 Vac/50 Hz models.
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Pre-installation Planning
Figure 1-3 Charge Rate versus RMS AC Voltage
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2
Installation
Chapter 2, “Installation” contains information
about how to plan for and install the Xantrex TR
Series Inverter/Charger.
This manual for use by qualified installers only
Installation
Inverter Mounting
The Xantrex TR Series inverter can weigh as much as 45 lb. (20.4 kg). Wallboard
is not strong enough to support its weight so additional support must be used or
added. The inverter can be mounted directly to the wall studs if the wall studs are
16 in. (40.6 cm) apart. If not, then standard size construction stud material, for
example 2 ft. x 4 ft. (60 cm x 120 cm) studs or plywood can be used. Ensure a
location is selected that can support twice the inverter's weight.
WARNING: Personal Injury
Use appropriate lifting techniques. Have extra people on hand to assist in lifting
the inverter into position while it is being secured.
To secure the Xantrex TR Series to the wall studs:
1. Locate the studs and mark their location on the wall.
2. Measure the desired height from the floor for the inverter to be mounted.
3. Using a level, mark a horizontal line. The length of the line must span at least
three studs.
4. Using the dimensions illustrated in Figure 2-1, drill mounting holes into the
center of the studs for the inverter.
5. Secure the inverter to the studs using ¼  1½ in. (6.5 mm x 38 mm) lag bolts
and washers or equivalent.
(not to scale)
Figure 2-1 Dimensions
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Inverter Mounting
To secure the Xantrex TR Series to the mounting location using standard size
construction stud material or plywood:
1. Repeat steps 1 through 3 above. See Figure 2-2 and Figure 2-3.
2. Place a pre-cut construction stud (flat side against the wall) on the marked
location and drill pilot holes through the construction stud and wall studs.
3. Secure the construction stud with #10 wood screws or equivalent. Wood screw
must penetrate 1½ in. (38 mm) into the wall studs as shown in Figure 2-2.
4. Measure 7 5/8 in. (19.4 cm) from the center of the first construction stud and
draw another level line. Place the center of the second construction stud over
this line and secure to the wall as described in Step 5.
5. Using the dimensions illustrated in Figure 2-1, drill mounting holes into the
center of the construction studs for the inverter.
6. Secure the inverter to the constriction studs using ¼ x 1½ in. (6.5 mm x
38 mm) lag bolts and washers or equivalent.
Figure 2-2 Mounting on Construction Studs
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Installation
Figure 2-3 Mounting on Plywood
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DC Wiring
DC Wiring
This section describes the DC wiring requirements and how to make the
connections. It provides the required cable and wire sizes, recommended
lengths for cables, and disconnect/circuit breaker requirements. All wiring should
be made with minimum 90° C wire. The ground lug on the DC end of the Xantrex
TR Series is 5/16 in. (7.87 mm).
General DC Grounding Requirements
Grounding is an important part of the system installation and must be performed
correctly to ensure safe operation of the equipment. Grounding requirements
vary by country and application. Consult your local electrical codes for specific
requirements.
This product is intended to be installed as part of a permanently grounded
electrical system. This is the single point earth ground for the inverter system.
To ground the DC circuits:
1. Connect the negative (-) terminal of the battery bank to an appropriately
sized conductor and connect it to the ground bus in the DC Disconnect.
2. Connect an appropriately sized conductor to the Ground bus in the DC
Disconnect and connect it to the primary system ground.
3. Torque ground nut to 10-15 in-lb (1.1 - 1.7 Nm).
The system ground is the same ground used by the AC side of the system.
DC Circuit Grounding
The ground conductor should be sized appropriately for the over-current
protection device being used. See Table 2-1 and Table 2-2 below for a portion of
the NEC and CEC codes). For installations in countries other than the USA and
Canada, different local codes and cable sizes may apply.
Table 2-1 Safety Ground Conductor Size (US Installations)a
Size of Over-current Device Protecting the
Conductor
Minimum Size of the Copper
Ground Wire
30 to 60 amp
#10 AWG
100 amp
#8 AWG
200 amp
#6 AWG
300 amp
#4 AWG
400 amp
#3 AWG
a. Taken from NEC ANSI/NFPA 70 (2005 Edition) Table 250.122
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Table 2-2 Safety Ground Conductor Size (Canadian Installations)a
Size of Over-current Device Protecting the
Conductor
Minimum Size of the Copper
Ground Wire
30 amp
#12 AWG
40 or 60 amp
#10 AWG
100 amp
#8 AWG
200 amp
#6 AWG
300 amp
#4 AWG
400 amp
#3 AWG
a.Taken from CEC Part I (2006 Edition), Table 16
Sample 24 V system shown
Figure 2-4 DC Wiring
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DC Wiring
Batteries
The Xantrex TR Series can support either 12-volt or 24-volt battery banks
depending on the model. Before proceeding, ensure you have the appropriate
sized batteries for this inverter. The Xantrex TR Series will charge flooded
lead-acid, or sealed Gel/AGM lead-acid batteries so ensure that your batteries
are in one of these categories.
Table 2-3 Battery Charge Profiles
Bulk/Absorption Equalize
Float
12V
24V
12V
24V
12V
24V
Flooded Flooded lead-acid
14.6
29.2
16
32
13.4
26.8
Sealed
14.1
28.2
N/A
N/A
13.5
27.0
Profile
Description
Gel/AGM lead acid
Battery Types
Information regarding battery types, battery bank sizing and configuration can
be found on the Schneider Electric website under the Application Note titled
"Battery Banks for Inverter Systems".
Battery Cable Sizing
Proper cable sizing (diameter and length) is critical to the safe and efficient
operation of an inverter system. Larger diameter cables (smaller AWG number)
have less voltage drop and are, therefore, more efficient when transferring power
to and from the batteries. If a cable is undersized (diameter too small), it could
potentially overheat, creating a fire hazard.
Cable length is another important factor. Runs should be kept as short as
practical. Longer cable runs increase resistance, thus lowering the overall
efficiency of the system. This is especially true in lower voltage systems (i.e., 12
Vdc) where, depending upon the length of the cable run, it may be necessary to
oversize the diameter of the wire, or parallel (double) the cables.
Important: Only use copper cables. Always use a properly sized cable and
length rated for the amperage of the inverter and batteries.
WARNING: Fire Hazard
Undersized cables can overheat and melt, creating a fire hazard when subjected
to heavy (peak) loads.
Table 2-4 provides recommended minimum cable sizes for various cable lengths
and inverter amperages. Refer to your local electrical code requirements as
recommendations may not meet all codes. The 1 – 5 ft. (30.5 – 152 cm) column
refers to the minimum cable sizes for a North American code compliant
installation. Cable sizes covering install lengths in excess of 5 ft. (152 cm) are
Schneider Electric recommendations that account for DC voltage drop. DC cable
runs in excess of 10 ft. (305 cm) one-way are not recommended.
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Installation
Important: Run the positive and negative battery cables as close to each other
as possible by taping them together. This reduces the effects of inductance and
produces a better waveform thus increasing efficiency. See the Application Note
titled "Battery Cable Inductance" on the Schneider Electric website.
Table 2-4 Minimum Recommended Battery Cable Size versus Lengtha
Typical
1 – 5 ft (30.5 –
Amperageb 152 cm) one-way
5 to 10 feet (152 –
305 cm) one-way
Xantrex TR1512
120 60
Xantrex TR1512
230 50
165 A
#4/0 AWG (107 mm2)
350 MCM (177 mm2)
Xantrex TR2412
120 60
240 A
350 MCM (177 mm2)
Not recommended
Xantrex TR1524
120 60
Xantrex TR1524
230 50
75 A
#2 AWG (33.6 mm2)
#1/0 AWG (53.5 mm2)
Xantrex TR2424
120 60
Xantrex TR2424
230 50
120 A
#1/0 AWG (53.5 mm2) #2/0 AWG (67.4 mm2)
Xantrex TR3624
120 60
175 A
#4/0 AWG (107 mm2)
Inverter Model
350 MCM (177 mm2)
a.Table 2-4 is based on installation with conduit using no more than three 75°C copper
conductors in a maximum 30°C ambient, and then applying the worst case conditions
between the CEC Part I 2006 Edition, Table 2 and the NEC ANSI/NFPA 2005 Edition, Table
310.16.
b.At nominal DC voltage and maximum rated power
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DC Wiring
DC Disconnect and Over-current Protection
For safety purposes and to comply with regulations, battery over-current
protection is required. Fuses and disconnects must be sized to protect the wiring
in the system and are required to open before the wire reaches its maximum
current carrying capability.
The National Electrical Code (NEC) in the US requires both over-current
protection and a disconnect switch for residential and commercial electrical
systems. Local electrical codes for other countries may also require this and
should therefore be referred to during such installations. The over-current
protection and a disconnect switch are not supplied as part of the inverter,
however, Schneider Electric offers a DC rated, ETL Listed, circuit breaker
disconnect module specifically designed to meet NEC compliance. Two
amperage ratings are available: a DC250 (250 amps) and a DC175 (175 amps)
in either single or dual breaker configurations for single- or dual-inverter
installations.
Important: Schneider Electric DC disconnects are not designed to accept
doubled (paralleled) cables which may be required for long cable runs. Also, the
plastic red and black covers on the DC inverter inputs are not designed to
accommodate dual cables. If dual cables are used, the optional Xantrex TR-CB
DC conduit box must be used.
Some installations may not require conduit or a disconnect device, although
over-current protection is still required. Refer to your local electrical codes for the
proper size disconnect device for specific cable diameters. Table 2-5 provides a
guideline for selection of appropriate DC over-current protection based on cable
size used.
Table 2-5 Battery Cable to Maximum Breaker/Fuse Sizea
Cable Size Required
Rating
Max. Breaker/Fuse Sizeb
#2 AWG (33.6 mm2)
115 amps
125 amps
#1/0 AWG (53.5 mm2)
150 amps
150 amps
#2/0 AWG (67.4 mm2)
175 amps
175 amps (or DC175 breaker)
#4/0 AWG (107 mm2)
230 amps
250 amps (or DC250 breaker)
350 MCM (177 mm2)
310 amps
350 amps
a.Table 2-5 is based on installation using no more than three 75°C copper conductors in a
maximum 30°C ambient, and then applying the worst case conditions between the CEC
Part I 2006 Edition, Table 2 and the NEC ANSI/NFPA 2005 Edition, Table 310.16.
b.Based on available Bussman™ JJN series of Class T fuses.
Important: The NEC allows rounding to the next standard fuse size from the
cable rating ONLY when a matching fuse size is not available, otherwise the
correct fuse size must be used (i.e. 230 amp cable size rounds up to a standard
250 amp size). Cables enclosed in conduit or raceways have substantially lower
continuous current carrying ability, due to heating factors, than those in free air.
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Installation
In addition to the code required maximum fuse sizes outlined in Table 2-5,
Schneider Electric also recommends the following minimum fuse sizes be used
to alleviate the possibility of any nuisance tripping under surge, or other
conditions. See Table 2-6 below for details.
Table 2-6 Minimum Recommended Fuse Size
Cable Size Required
Rating
#2 AWG (33.6 mm2)
100 amps
#1/0 AWG (53.5 mm2)
150 amps
#2/0 AWG (67.4 mm2)
150 amps
#4/0 AWG (107 mm2)
200 amps
350 MCM (177 mm2)
300 amps
Battery Cable Connections
WARNING: Shock hazard
Ensure the inverter is off and that AC power is disconnected from the inverter
input before disconnecting the battery cables.
WARNING: Fire hazard
If you are using fine-stranded DC cables, a corresponding agency approved
crimp or compression lug suitable for use with fine-stranded wire must also be
used.
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
The inverter is not reverse polarity protected. Reversing the battery polarity on
the DC input connections will cause permanent damage to the inverter which is
not covered under warranty. Always check polarity before making connections to
the inverter.
Battery cables must have crimped (or preferably, crimped and then soldered)
copper compression lugs unless aluminum mechanical lugs are used. Soldered
connections alone are not acceptable.
Figure 2-5 illustrates the proper method to connect the battery cables to the
Xantrex TR Series’s DC terminals. For installations requiring the use of conduit
connections and the corresponding optional TR-CB DC conduit box, and that
have requirements for cable sizes larger than 2/0 AWG (70 mm2) for the DC input
wires and 4 AWG (25 mm2) for the chassis ground wire, then right angled lugs
must be used.
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DC Wiring
Do not place anything
between battery cable lug
and terminal surface.
Assemble exactly as shown.
2/0 Copper Compression Lug
2/0 Aluminum Mechanical Lug
Figure 2-5 Battery Cable Connections
Positive (+)
Battery Terminal
Negative (–) Battery
Terminal
Torque the
Positive (+)
Battery terminal to
10-15 ft.-lbs
(13.6 to 20.3 Nm)
Torque value for
the Ground Lug
is 10-15 in-lbs
(1.1 to 1.7 Nm)
Torque the
Negative (–)
Battery terminal to
10-15 ft.-lbs
(13.6 to 20.3 Nm)
Ground Lug
Figure 2-6 DC Terminals on the Xantrex TR Series
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Installation
Connecting the Battery Bank to the Inverter
Use the following procedure to connect the battery bank to the inverter.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
:
Ensure the inverter is off before connecting or disconnecting the battery cables
and that all AC power is disconnected from the inverter’s inputs.
To connect the battery bank to the inverter:
1. Determine the correct size battery cable to use for installation from Table 2-4
on page 2–8.
2. Determine the correct size disconnect/fuse for installation as per your local
electrical codes.
3. Identify the cables according to your local electrical codes. Ensure you
identify both ends of the cable prior to installation.
4. Connect the negative (–) cable to the battery’s negative terminal (torque to
manufacturer’s recommendations).
5. Install the over-current device (fuse or circuit breaker) between the battery’s
positive terminal and the inverter’s positive terminal. Place it as close to the
batteries as possible without being installed in the battery enclosure. Consult
your local electrical code for any distance requirements of the fuse from the
battery source.
6. Connect the (short) positive cable to the battery’s positive terminal (torque to
manufacturer’s recommendations).
7. Ensure the correct polarity of the cables with a DC voltmeter (DVM).
8. Observing battery polarity, connect the positive battery cable (from the
over-current device) to the inverter’s positive terminal.
Important: The next step may cause a small spark and snapping sound when
connecting the cable to the inverter. This is normal and is caused by the
inverter’s capacitors charging up.
9. Observing battery polarity, connect the negative battery cable to the
inverter’s negative terminal. See Figure 2-4 on page 2–6.
10. Use an insulated ½ in. wrench or socket to tighten the 5/16 SAE nuts to
10-15 ft.-lb (13.6 to 20.3 Nm) for each inverter input terminal.
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
: Equip
Do not put anything between the cable ring terminal and the flat metal part of the
terminal as overheating of the terminal may occur. Do not apply any type of
antioxidant paste until after the battery cable wiring is tightened.
11. Apply antioxidant paste to the battery and inverter terminals.
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DC Wiring
12. Install the battery terminal connection covers (red for positive, black for
negative) over the inverter’s DC terminals and secure with the screws and
washers provided. Do not over tighten.
Figure 2-7 Installing the DC Hardware and Covers
Installing a Battery Temperature Sensor
The included battery temperature sensor (Schneider Electric part #:
808-0232-01) can easily be installed in the system to ensure proper charging of
the batteries based on temperature. Installing a battery temperature sensor
extends battery life by preventing overcharging in warm temperatures and
undercharging in cold temperatures. The information received in this port adjusts
the charger’s output higher in cold temperatures, assuring the batteries receive a
full charge, and lowers it during warm temperatures, reducing battery gassing
and providing overcharge protection.
Important: During normal operation, the battery temperature sensor does not
disable the charger, it only adjusts charging voltage. The battery temperature does
signal the Xantrex TR Series to shutdown if it detects temperatures outside of -20
°C – 60 °C (-4 °F – 140 °F).
To install the Battery Temperature Sensor:
1. Connect the RJ11 connector end of the battery temperature sensor wire in to
the BATTERY SENSE port located on the DC end of the Xantrex TR Series.
If the TR-CB is used, make sure that the battery temperature sensor cable is
correctly routed through the conduit.
2. Secure the sensor to one of the batteries located in the center of the battery
bank.
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Installation
Using the COM Port
The COM port has two different functions. It can either be used to connect a
COM cable to provide serial communications to an optional Xantrex remote
control unit (Xantrex TR-RS ON/OFF SWITCH) or it can be used to connect the
included series stacking cable for when two Xantrex TR Series units are used in a
series configuration (see “Series Stacking” on page 2–24). There is one COM
port, so you cannot use both stacking interface and remote at the same time.
To use the COM port:
1. Connect one end of the COM cable or series stacking cable in to the COM
port located on the DC end of the Xantrex TR Series.
If the TR-CB is used, make sure that the cable is correctly routed through the
conduit.
2. Connect the other end of the COM cable into the Xantrex TR-RS ON/OFF SWITCH
remote control unit or connect the other end of the series stacking cable in to
another Xantrex TR Series unit.
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AC Wiring
AC Wiring
This section describes the AC wiring requirements and how to make the
connections.
AC Distribution Panel (Sub-panel) Mounting and Conduit Installation
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Disconnect the power from the utility’s main breaker box before proceeding.
To mount and install the AC distribution panel and conduit:
1. Determine the location of the sub-panel and install it according to the
manufacturer’s directions.
2. Install the AC conduit between the sub-panel (output) and inverter.
3. Install conduit between the inverter (input) and the main breaker box.
4. Determine which circuits require backup. Install the appropriate
branch-rated circuit breakers into the sub-panel.
5. Install an appropriately sized branch-rated circuit breaker in the sub-panel.
This will later be wired to the inverter’s output. If two inverters are being used
in a stacked configuration, install a double-pole circuit breaker for 240 Vac
service.
Accessing the AC Terminals
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
The inverter’s AC output must never be wired to the utility or generator output.
This will cause severe damage to the inverter which is not covered under
warranty.
All AC wiring connects to the terminal block located on the right-hand side of the
inverter.
To access the AC terminals:
◆ Remove the side cover panels (if installed) by removing the three Phillips
screws. Units are shipped with the covers uninstalled.
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Installation
Screws
LINE IN
GROUND IN
NEUTRAL OUT
NEUTRAL IN
GROUND OUT
LINE OUT
Figure 2-8 AC Side Cover Panels
Before wiring the input of the inverter, refer to Table 2-7 for the minimum
recommended wire size.
Important: Refer to your local electrical codes for actual wire sizes for specific
installations.
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AC Wiring
Table 2-7 Min. Recommended Wire Size, Torque Values, and Max. Output Breaker Sizea
Inverter Model
AC Input
AC Output
Torque Value for
Terminal
Connections
Maximum
Output
Breaker Size
Xantrex TR1512 120 60 #6 AWG (13.6 mm2) #10 AWG (3.3 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 30 amps AC
Xantrex TR2412 120 60 #6 AWG (13.6 mm2) #10 AWG (5.2 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 30 amps AC
Xantrex TR1524 120 60 #6 AWG (13.6 mm2) #10 AWG (3.3 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 30 amps AC
Xantrex TR2424 120 60 #6 AWG (13.6 mm2) #10 AWG (5.2 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 30 amps AC
Xantrex TR3624 120 60 #6 AWG (13.6 mm2) #8 AWG (8 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 45 amps AC
Xantrex TR1512 230 50 #10 AWG (5.2 mm2) #14 AWG (2.0 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 15 amps AC
Xantrex TR1524 230 50 #10 AWG (5.2 mm2) #14 AWG (2.0 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 15 amps AC
Xantrex TR2424 230 50 #10 AWG (5.2 mm2) #14 AWG (2.0 mm2)
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max. 15 amps AC
a.Table 2-7 is based on installation with conduit using no more than three 75°C copper conductors in a maximum 30°C
ambient, and then applying the worst case conditions between the CEC Part I 2006 Edition, Table 2 and the NEC
ANSI/NFPA 2005 Edition, Table 310.16.
WARNING: Fire Hazard
To reduce the risk of fire, connect only to a circuit provided with the maximum
branch-circuit overcurrent protection noted above in accordance with your local
electrical codes.
Important: Various local electrical codes require conduit be used in this type of
installation. Refer to the local electrical codes (for example, the NEC in the U.S.)
to verify if it is needed in your installation. Conduit fittings can be replaced with
strain reliefs where code permits.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Disconnect the battery cables from the inverter if they are already connected.
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Installation
AC Input to the Inverter
To connect the AC Input to the Inverter:
1. Disconnect the main breaker at the main electrical service panel (if used) or
disconnect the AC generator.
2. Install an appropriately sized circuit breaker in the electrical service panel.
This will serve as both an AC disconnect and over-current protection. If using
a generator only, use the circuit breaker in the generator.
3. Feed the line, neutral, and ground wires (using conduit) from the inverter to
the AC source. Leave several inches/centimeters of extra wire at each end.
4. Make the connections to the inverter first. Wiring to the AC source is
performed after all connections have been made in the inverter.
a) Connect the ground wire to the inverter’s ground IN terminal.
b) Connect the neutral wire from the AC source to the inverter’s neutral IN
terminal.
c) Connect the line wire from the AC source to the inverter’s LINE INPUT
terminal.
5. Torque all connections to 16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max.
Torque the terminal
connections to
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max.
LINE IN
GROUND IN
NEUTRAL IN
Figure 2-9 AC Terminals for AC Input to the Inverter
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AC Wiring
AC Output Wiring to the AC Distribution Panel (Sub-panel)
WARNING: Shock hazard
The ground and neutral must be bonded at one place, and only one place, in the
system.
To connect the AC output wiring to the sub-panel:
1. Connect the neutral wire to the inverter’s neutral OUT terminal. Connect the
other end of this wire to the neutral bus in the sub-panel.
2. Connect the line wire to the inverter’s line OUT terminal. Connect the other
end of this wire to the sub-panel’s input circuit breaker.
3. Torque all inverter terminal block connections to 16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm) max.
4. Refer to the sub-panel manufacturer’s specifications for wire torque
requirements to sub-panel terminals.
Torque the terminal
connections to
16 in-lbs (1.8 Nm)
LINE OUT
NEUTRAL OUT
GROUND OUT
Figure 2-10 AC Terminals for AC output to the Sub-panel
Important: The two neutral connections (input and output) are common to one
another and, if necessary, may be used in any combination.
The two ground connections (input and output) are common to one another and,
if necessary, may be used in any combination. It may not be necessary to use
both ground connections in your installation.
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Installation
AC Wiring - On-Grid Applications
The following diagrams illustrate the AC wiring for basic configurations. Consult
your system design for other possible configurations.
•
Figure 2-11, “AC Wiring - On-Grid Application” on page 2–20
•
Figure 2-12, “AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using a Generator” on page 2–21
•
Figure 2-20, “AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using Series Stacking” on
page 2–31
Figure 2-11 AC Wiring - On-Grid Application
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AC Wiring
AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using a Generator
If a generator is used as a backup for the utility, then a manual or automatic
transfer switch must be added to provide a means to switch the generator power
to the inverter’s input. The generator can be used during extended outages to
recharge the batteries and provide pass through power for the loads. Start and
stop the generator manually using the generator’s pull-cord, ON/OFF switch, etc.
Figure 2-12 AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using a Generator
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Installation
AC Wiring - Off-Grid Applications
The following diagram illustrates the AC wiring for basic configurations. Consult
your system design for other possible configurations.
Important: For system configurations without generator or utility AC input, the
neutral-ground bond should be placed in the inverter output load panel.
Follow the example below to complete the wiring for an off-grid application using
a generator. If you have a generator with three conductor outputs (120/240 V or
240 V input) you will need to use the auto-transformer (shown as optional in the
diagram) to combine the L1 and L2 lines to a single line. If you have a generator
with two conductor outputs (one 120 V single phase input) you do not need to
make use of the auto-transformer and your single line (L1) can be routed directly.
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AC Wiring
Figure 2-13 AC Wiring - Off-Grid Application using a Generator
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Installation
Series Stacking
Series stacking allows the AC output of two (identical) inverters to be connected
in a series configuration, providing both 120 VAC and 240 VAC, 60 Hz power for
the inverter’s loads.
Important: Only 120 VAC, 60 Hz models can be stacked. This option is not
available for 230 VAC, 50 Hz models.
Series stacking can also be used to connect to 240 Vac only power systems
providing both 120 and 240 Vac outputs. Stacking is also an excellent choice for
providing power to multiwire branch circuits where stand-alone (120 VAC)
inverters may require extensive house rewiring.
The included 3 ft. (0.9 m) series stacking cable is required to connect the COM
ports of the two inverters to enable series stacking communication.
DC Wiring
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Chargers can be stacked whether there is one
disconnect device or two.
Important: To easily identify the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Chargers, label one
Xantrex TR Series as INVERTER 1 (L1) and the second Xantrex TR Series as
INVERTER 2 (L2).
Battery Positive
(+) Terminal
COM Port
Battery Temperature
Sensor Port
Battery Negative
(–) Terminal
Ventilation Holes
Ground Lug
Figure 2-14 DC Side of the Xantrex TR Series
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Series Stacking
DC Wiring for Two Disconnect Devices
Schneider Electric recommends using two disconnect devices to keep wire to
manageable sizes.
WARNING: Shock hazard
When stacking inverters, always connect the chassis of each inverter together
using the chassis ground lug, otherwise a hazardous voltage may be present
between each chassis.
To connect the DC wiring with two disconnect devices (see Figure 2-15):
1. Connect the negative terminals of the two Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Chargers together.
2. Connect INVERTER 1’s negative terminal to the negative terminal on the
battery bank.
3. Connect INVERTER 2’s negative terminal to the negative terminal on the
battery bank.
4. Connect INVERTER 1’s positive terminal to the DC disconnect 1.
5. Connect the DC disconnect 1to the positive terminal of the battery bank.
6. Connect INVERTER 2’s positive terminal to the DC disconnect 2.
7. Connect the DC disconnect 2 to the positive terminal of the battery bank.
8. Connect the DC ground lugs of the two Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Chargers
together using heavy gauge wire (according to “Battery Cable Sizing” on
page 2–7).
9. Connect the series stacking cable to the COM port of both Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Chargers.
Figure 2-15 DC Wiring with 2 Disconnect Devices
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Installation
DC Wiring for One Disconnect Device
WARNING: Shock hazard
When stacking inverters, always connect the chassis of each inverter together
using the chassis ground lug, otherwise a hazardous voltage may be present
between each chassis.
CAUTION
Installers must carefully size cables and circuit breakers. Remember that cable
sizes will need to be increased in order to carry twice the current for this
installation. Refer to your local electrical codes.
To connect the DC wiring with one disconnect device (see Figure 2-16):
1. Connect the negative terminals of the two Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Chargers together.
2. Connect INVERTER 2’s negative terminal to the negative terminal on the
battery bank.
3. Connect the positive terminals of the two Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Chargers
together.
4. Connect INVERTER 1’s positive terminal to the DC disconnect.
5. Connect the DC disconnect to the positive terminal of the battery bank.
6. Connect the DC ground lugs of the two Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Chargers
together using heavy gauge wire.
7. Connect the series stacking cable to the COM port of both Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Chargers.
Figure 2-16 DC Wiring with 1 Disconnect Device
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Series Stacking
DC Wiring With a Conduit Box
Important: A TR-CB DC Conduit Box may be required to meet code when
stacking inverters, and is available for purchase wherever you purchased your
Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger.
Figure 2-17 DC Wiring with a Conduit Box
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Installation
Battery Connections for Stacked Inverters
When using Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Chargers in a stacked configuration, the
same battery bank must be used for both inverters. To ensure even charging of the
batteries, each inverter must be connected to both strings as shown in Figure 2-18.
For example:
INVERTER L1 – positive cable to string 2 and negative cable to string 1
INVERTER L2 – positive cable to string 1and negative cable to string 2
CONDUIT FOR
INVERTER 1
-
CONDUIT FOR
INVERTER 2
+
–
+
–
12 Volt
Battery
–
+
12 Volt
Battery
+
12 Volt
Battery
+
-
–
String 1
+
12 Volt
Battery
String 2
24 Volt system shown
2903-00-021
Figure 2-18 Battery Connections
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Series Stacking
AC Wiring
Series stacking is used in applications where either 240 VAC loads (or a
combination of 240 VAC and 120 VAC loads) need to be powered by inverters.
One inverter (INVERTER 1 - L1) receives its input from the utility’s L1 line and
provides one 120 VAC output; while the second inverter (INVERTER 2 - L2)
receives its input from the utility’s L2 line and provides 120 VAC output (180°
out-of-phase). The combined out-of-phase voltages can power 240 VAC loads as
well as 120 VAC loads up to the power rating of the inverters.
Breaker for
Pass-through
AC Input
Breaker for
Charger AC Input
Ventilation Holes
AC Terminal
Block
Figure 2-19 AC Side of the Xantrex TR Series
AC Input to Inverters
To connect the AC input to the inverters:
1.
Connect a wire from the ground bus in the main panel to the ground IN terminal in
INVERTER 1 (L1).
2.
Connect a second ground wire from the ground bus in the main panel to the
ground IN terminal in INVERTER 2 (L2).
3.
Connect a wire from the neutral bus in the main panel to the neutral IN terminal in
INVERTER 1 (L1).
4.
Connect a second wire from the neutral OUT terminal in INVERTER 1 (L1) to the
neutral IN terminal in INVERTER 2 (L2).
Keep this wire as short as possible.
5.
Connect the line L1 from the main panel to the line IN terminal in INVERTER 1 (L1).
6.
Connect the line L2 from the main panel to the line IN terminal in INVERTER 2 (L2).
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Installation
AC Output from Inverters
120 VAC Source
The output of each inverter provides 120 VAC. The voltage between the line
outputs from the L1 and L2 inverters is 240 VAC to the sub-panel.
WARNING: Shock hazard
The ground and neutral must be bonded at one place, and only one place, in the
system.
To connect the AC output from the inverters:
1. Connect the neutral wire from INVERTER 2 (L2) neutral OUT terminal to the
neutral bus in the sub-panel.
2. Connect the line (120 VAC) output from INVERTER 1 (L1) line OUT terminal to
the L1 main input lug in the sub-panel.
3. Connect the line (120 VAC) output from INVERTER 2 (L2) line OUT terminal to
the L2 main input lug in the sub-panel.
4. Torque all connections in the sub-panel to the manufacture’s specifications.
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Series Stacking
Figure 2-20 AC Wiring - On-Grid Application using Series Stacking
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Installation
Testing Stacked Inverters
Important: If the search mode is used on the Xantrex TR Series, the load that
“awakens” the inverters must be connected to the primary unit.
Important: Until the unit is tested, no loads must be connected to the inverter’s
120 VAC or 240 VAC output.
Start-up and Test
To start-up and test the stacked Xantrex TR Series:
1. Switch on the inverter designated as primary or INVERTER 1 (L1).
2. The inverter designated as secondary or INVERTER 2 (L2) will automatically
turn on.
The inverter should be providing 120 VAC/240 VAC to the sub-panel.
3. Use a true RMS voltmeter and measure the voltage between the L1 terminal
and the neutral bus in the sub-panel.
This voltage should be 120 VAC.
4. Use a true RMS voltmeter and measure the voltage between the L2 terminal
and the neutral bus in the sub-panel.
This voltage should be 120 VAC.
5. Use a true RMS voltmeter and measure the voltage between the L1 terminal
and the L2 terminal in the sub-panel.
This voltage should be 240 VAC.
6. Switch off one inverter (the other inverter will automatically switch off).
7. Replace all covers and panels on the inverters and sub-panel.
8. Switch on the inverter designated as primary or INVERTER 1 (L1).
9. The inverter designated as secondary or INVERTER 2 (L2) will automatically
turn on.
10. Switch on the breakers in the main panel feeding the inverters.
Ensure the inverters start to charge the batteries and power the sub-panel.
The stacked inverter system is now ready for use.
Important: The input source to the stacked pair should be 240 VAC with a
neutral. If only 120 VAC is supplied to one inverter (primary), the other inverter
(secondary) will enable its AC transfer relay. This will disconnect the AC output
power to the loads connected to the secondary inverter.
Important: Remote controls can not be used with stacked inverters.
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A
Specifications
Appendix A, “Specifications” contains
information about the electrical, environmental
and regulatory specifications of the Xantrex TR
Series Inverter/Charger.
• Table A-1 provides the electrical
specifications for the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger (120 Vac/60 Hz. models).
• Table A-2 provides the electrical
specifications for the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger (230 Vac/50 Hz. models).
• Table A-3 provides physical and
environmental specifications for all models
of the Xantrex TR Series Inverter/Charger.
• Information is also provided on the safety
and electromagnetic compatibility
specifications for the Xantrex TR Series
Inverter/Charger.
This manual for use by qualified installers only
Specifications
Table A-1 Electrical Specificationsa - 120 Vac/60 Hz Models
Xantrex
TR1512 120 60
120 Vac
140 Vrms
Xantrex
TR2412 120 60
120 Vac
140 Vrms
Xantrex
TR1524 120 60
120 Vac
140 Vrms
Xantrex
TR2424 120 60
120 Vac
140 Vrms
Xantrex
TR3624 120 60
120 Vac
140 Vrms
65/95 Vac
60 Hz
65/95 Vac
60 Hz
65/95 Vac
60 Hz
65/95 Vac
60 Hz
65/95 Vac
60 Hz
55—64 Hz
55—64 Hz
55—64 Hz
55—64 Hz
55—64 Hz
55—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
50 Aac
30 Aac
20 Aac
55—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
60 Aac
30 Aac
30 Aac
55—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
50 Aac
30 Aac
20 Aac
55—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
60 Aac
30 Aac
30 Aac
55—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
60 Aac
30 Aac
30 Aac
Nominal AC Input Currentb
40 Aac
Pass-through
Charging
Continuous Power (@ 25°C)
28 Aac
12 Aac
48 Aac
26 Aac
22 Aac
40 Aac
28 Aac
12 Aac
48 Aac
26 Aac
22 Aac
48 Aac
26 Aac
22 Aac
2400 VA
15.81 Aac
1500 VA
10.20 Aac
2400 VA
19.68 Aac
3600 VA
19.53 Aac
20 amps AC
92%
120 Vac
30 amps AC
12.5 amps AC
92%
120 Vac
30 amps AC
20 amps AC
93%
120 Vac
30 amps AC
30 amps AC
94%
120 Vac
45 amps AC
4800 VA
80±8 Apk
252 amps
12.6 Vdc
3000 VA
50±5 Apk
76 amps
25.2 Vdc
4800 VA
80±8 Apk
120 amps
25.2 Vdc
7200 VA
120±12 Apk
186 amps
25.2 Vdc
11.0—15.0
Vdc
14 to 100 amps
0.89
25 W
22.0—30.0
Vdc
5 to 35 amps
0.88
25 W
22.0—30.0
Vdc
10 to 70 amps
0.92
24 W
22.0—30.0
Vdc
10 to 70 amps
0.93
24 W
Model
AC Nominal Input Voltage
Maximum AC Input Voltage
AC Input Low Transfer Voltage
(wide/narrow)
Frequency: (± 0.04% Crystal
controlled)
Narrow Setting (Charge & Pass through)
Wide Setting (Charge)
Wide Setting (Pass-through)
Maximum AC Input Current
Pass-through
Charging
Ratec
1500 VA
11.20 Aac
AC Current at Max. Charge
Rated Output Current
12.5 amps AC
Typical Efficiency
90%
AC Output Voltage (rms)
120 Vac
Max. Output Overcurrent Protection 30 amps AC
Surge Capability/Max. Output and Duration:
Overload 10 sec Rating
3000 VA
Short Circuit 10 sec Rating
50±5 Apk
DC Current at Rated Power
157 amps
12.6 Vdc
DC Input Voltage (nominal)d
DC Input Voltage Range
DC Charger Rate (Adjustable) ±6%
Power Factor while Charging
Tare Loss
Common Specifications:
Voltage Regulation (max.)
Voltage Regulation (Typical)
Waveform
Load Power Factor (allowed)
Adjustable Load Sensing Range
Force Air Cooling
Automatic Transfer Relay
11.0—15.0
Vdc
10 to 70 amps
0.88
26 W
104—127 Vac
108—125 Vac
modified sine wave
0.8 to 1.0 (leading or lagging)
5 watts minimum to 240 watts maximum
Variable speed fan
30 amps maximum (non-continuous)
a.Specifications subject to change without notice.
b.This is the minimum AC input current required, at nominal input voltage, to obtain full continuous rated pass-through and
maximum battery charging while adhering to the 80% ampacity rule of North American electrical codes.
c.In bulk mode (at nominal input AC and nominal DC voltage).
d.Product may not meet voltage regulation specifications at other than "Input Nominal" at full-rated load.
A–2
975-0367-01-01
This manual for use by qualified installers only
Table A-2 Electrical Specificationsa - 230 Vac/50 Hz Models
Model
Xantrex TR1512 230
50
Xantrex TR1524 230
50
Xantrex TR2424 230
50
AC Nominal Input Voltage
230 Vac
230 Vac
230 Vac
Maximum AC Input Voltage
253 Vrms
253 Vrms
253 Vrms
AC Input Low Transfer Voltage
(wide/narrow)
120/180 Vac
120/180 Vac
120/180 Vac
Frequency: (± 0.04% Crystal controlled)
50 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
Narrow Setting (Charge & Pass through)
45—55 Hz
45—55 Hz
45—55 Hz
Wide Setting (Charge)
45—68 Hz
45—68 Hz
45—68 Hz
Wide Setting (Pass-through)
41—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
41—68 Hz
23 amps
23 amps
30 amps
Maximum AC Input Current
Nominal AC Input Current
23 amps
23 amps
30 amps
Continuous Power (@ 25°C)
1500 VA
1500 VA
2400 VA
5.88 Aac
6.00 Aac
10.44 Aac
AC Current at Max. Charge
Rateb
Rated Output Current
6.4 amps AC
6.4 amps AC
10.4 amps AC
Typical Efficiency
92%
91%
94%
AC Output Voltage (rms)
230 Vac
230 Vac
230 Vac
Max. Output Overcurrent Protection
15 amps AC
15 amps AC
15 amps AC
3000 VA
4800 VA
Surge Capability/Max. Output and Duration:
Overload 10 sec Rating
3000 VA
Short Circuit 10 sec Rating
26.5±2.5 Apk
26.5±2.5 Apk
42±4 Apk
DC Current at Rated Power
158 amps
77 amps
121 amps
DC Input Voltage (nominal)c
12.6 Vdc
25.2 Vdc
25.2 Vdc
DC Input Voltage Range
11.0—15.0 Vdc
22.0—30.0 Vdc
22.0—30.0 Vdc
DC Charger Rate (Adjustable) ±6%
0 to 70 amps
0 to 35 amps
0 to 70 amps
Power Factor while Charging
0.91
0.83
0.92
Tare Loss
23 W
21 W
22 W
Common Specifications:
Voltage Regulation (max.)
±5% (-12%, +5% Xantrex TR1512 230 50 only)
Voltage Regulation (Typical)
±2. 5%
Waveform
modified sine wave
Load Power Factor (allowed)
0.8 to 1.0 (leading or lagging)
Adjustable Load Sensing Range
10 watts minimum to 480 watts maximum
Force Air Cooling
Variable speed fan
Automatic Transfer Relay
30 amps maximum (non-continuous)
a.Specifications subject to change without notice.
b.In bulk mode (at nominal input AC and nominal DC voltage).
c.Product may not meet voltage regulation specifications at other than "Input Nominal" at full-rated load.
975-0367-01-01
A–3
This manual for use by qualified installers only
Specifications
Xantrex TR2424 230 50
Xantrex TR1524 230 50
Xantrex TR1512 230 50
Xantrex TR3624 120 60
Xantrex TR2424 120 60
Xantrex TR1524 120 60
Model
Xantrex TR2412 120 60
Xantrex TR1512 120 60
Table A-3 Environmental Specificationsa
Xantrex TR Series only
Dimensionsb
8.5 in. W  7.25 in. H  21 in. L (216 mm W  184 mm H  546 mm L)
Weight
40 lbs
(18 kg)
42 lbs
(19 kg)
40 lbs
(18 kg)
45 lbs
(20 kg)
45 lbs
(20 kg)
42 lbs
(19 kg)
42 lbs
(19 kg)
42 lbs
(19 kg)
Shipping/Packaging plus Xantrex TR Series
Dimensions
12.4 in. W  11.8 in. H  26.6 in. L (315 mm W  300 mm H  675 mm L)
Weight
50 lbs
(22.7
kg)
52 lbs
(23.6
kg)
50 lbs
(22.7
kg)
55 lbs
(24.9
kg)
55 lbs
(24.9
kg)
52 lbs
(23.6
kg)
52 lbs
(23.6
kg)
52 lbs
(23.6
kg)
Ambient Temp Range
Rated Temperature Invert Mode: 32 °F to 122 °F (0 °C to +50 °C)
Range
Charge Mode: 32 °F to 104 °F (0 °C to +40 °C)
105 °F to 122 °F (+40.5 °C to +50 °C) 50% derating
Storage
-67 °F to 167 °F (-55 °C to +75 °C)
Altitude:
Operating
15,000 feet (4570 m)
Non-operating
50,000 feet (16800 m)
Mounting
wall-mount with 16 in. (40.6 cm) mounting centers
a.Specifications subject to change without notice.
b.Allows for hardware extensions such as mounting rails, DC terminals, and front panel controls.
Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility Specifications
120 Vac/60 Hz
Models
CSA 107.1
UL 1741
FCC Part 15B Class B
Ind. Canada ICES-0003 Class B
230 Vac/50 Hz
Models
EN50178
New EMC Directive 2004/108/EC
A–4
975-0367-01-01
This manual for use by qualified installers only
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975-0367-01-01
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