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HBC - SERIES V7
Low Voltage (63V), small types
Programmable brushless controllers for industry using
Operating Manual – firmware version 3.8 or higher
Development, manufacture, service:
MGM COMPRO, Ing. G. Dvorský
Sv. Čecha 593, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
Tel.: +420 577 001 350
E-mail: mgm@mgm-compro.cz
Info: www.mgm-compro.com
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HBC-series V7 small power
Small programmable brushless controllers for industry using
TMM® xxxx – 3 HBC-series V7
These motor speed controllers provide very quality, smooth motor controls for electric cars, karts, bikes, scooters, boats,
aircrafts, gliders, UAV, etc.. Great application is located in many industrial drives for pumps, winches, robots, production
lines, ….
Controller uses the best available power MOSFET and synchronous PWM for achieve very high efficiency.
They feature very advanced (state-of-the-art) algorithms of moor control as well as safety of operation. Controller concept is based on
a long experience with control of both sensorless and sensor BLDC (resp. PMSM) motors in very heavy and demanding operating
conditions. For driving are used very powerful 32-bit ARM microcontrollers.
To enable our customers to exploit the newest developments and satisfy new requirements, SW update of the PC programs as well
as the firmware update of the controller can be carried out by the customer himself/herself though the internet at any time. Thanks to
this are easily accessible customer-specific modifications and adjustments FW
Basic Features:
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Working range of controllers Low Voltage small types: up to 63V, up to 210A continuous, power up to 6,3 kW
Small dimension and weight, many modification
Controlled by powerful 32-bit processor ARM Cortex
Very clear and easy parameters settings by PC with operating system Windows (XP, Vista, 7)
Firmware update via internet
Data transfer to PC (or other equipment) and displaying in real time (monitoring)
Internal Data logging (BlackBox, record of voltage, rpm, currents, temperatures, …) record 12 minutes in length, with the external
extension of up to several weeks
 Very clear indication of controller states and error codes using 4 LEDs
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Synchronous rectification, very high efficiency 98 – 99%
Motor PWM in range 8 – 32 kHz
Suitable for inrunners as well as outrunners
Very high rpm limit 250.000 rpm for 2 poles motor (standard version)
Suitable for motors without pole limiting
Sensor motors as well as sensorless motors supported
Automatic settings and optimization of sensor position
Cruise Control function supported with external module CC1
Support regenerative braking and battery charging under braking
Support many working modes (PWM, constant rpm, constant torque / car mode, boat mode, plain mode)
Very smooth step of throttle 2048 values
Possibility to connect brake lights or flashing beacon, indication and outputs
Auxiliary DC/DC converter with output voltage 5V, 6V, 7V, 8V (setting by user), t continuous current up to 2A (available only for
35V types)
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Electronic reversing
Monitoring all phases and bus
Configurable current limits forward / backward
HW support of the voltage, current and temperature fuses
Brake configurable in main control channel or in auxiliary control channel
Controlling by PWM, voltage, potentiometer, data (RS-232 TTL), logic signal
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Support BMS (Battery Management System MGM compro for Lithium batteries)
Support measuring (monitoring) of each battery cell
Unmatched protection and management of Lithium batteries
Conversion (recalculation) to internal battery voltage (independence of the processes of internal resistance and currents)
Support any type of the battery (NiCd, NiMH, A123, Lipol, Li-Ion, LiFePo4, Pb, …) or power supply
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Support external display units (display current, rpm, voltage, temperature, energy (fuel meter), ….)
Monitoring controller temperature, motor temperature, battery temperature
Monitoring internal voltages and temperatures
Electronics feeding from traction voltage
Dropout of driving signal protection (cut-off potentiometer, etc.)
Current multiplication: take less current from battery, output more current to motor
Compact dimensions
Cooling by airflow, by fan or by water
Support of customer modification of firmware
Support of customer configuration of HW
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Table of content:
Table of content: ........................................................................................................................................... 3
First steps ..................................................................................................................................................... 4
Basic Recommendations .............................................................................................................................. 4
Technical data (valid for 25°C environment temperature) ............................................................................ 5
Accessories and options, available combination of HBC controllers ............................................................ 6
Available versions of HBC-series TMM xxxxx-3 V7 and basic dimension .................................................. 7
Basic description of the controllers ............................................................................................................... 9
Summary of possible inputs / outputs ........................................................................................................... 9
Marking and Specification of the HBC controllers / allowed combination .................................................. 10
Switching DC/DC converter ........................................................................................................................ 10
Basic controller connection ......................................................................................................................... 11
Connecting controller to the traction supply and turning on ....................................................................... 12
Control signals specification ....................................................................................................................... 13
Control and additional control by logic signals ........................................................................................... 16
Cooperation with RC Remote Control ........................................................................................................ 17
Control signal – correct limits and emergency conditions .......................................................................... 18
Back data transfer, telemetry (only for controllers marking „BC“). ............................................................. 20
Sensor motors and controllers .................................................................................................................... 20
Automatic sensor setting procedure ........................................................................................................... 21
Optimal and allowed motor sensor position ................................................................................................ 23
Basic operating modes - mode choice and basic type of behavior ............................................................ 24
Memory select ............................................................................................................................................. 25
Programmable parameters ......................................................................................................................... 26
Description of all parameters ...................................................................................................................... 28
Parameters setting / Data reading from controller ...................................................................................... 39
Locks of parameters ................................................................................................................................... 40
Internal Black Box (flying recorder) – data logger ...................................................................................... 42
Monitoring (display data in real time) .......................................................................................................... 46
Throttle limits settings (range of joystick, range of control signals) ............................................................ 47
Start with Automatic throttle limits ............................................................................................................... 49
Start with programmed throttle limits .......................................................................................................... 50
Maximal revolution of the output shaft Settings .......................................................................................... 51
Maximal revolution of the motor Settings ................................................................................................... 51
Update SW inside the controller (firmware) ................................................................................................ 52
Installation and run program Controller 2 ................................................................................................... 54
Update of program Controller 2 .................................................................................................................. 54
Controller states indication, Error messages (firmware 3.8x and higher) ................................................ 55
Sparking prevent when connect higher voltage .......................................................................................... 56
Additional information ................................................................................................................................. 57
®
Some of Protective and Safety mechanisms of TMM controllers ............................................................. 58
Accessories ................................................................................................................................................. 59
Content of delivery ...................................................................................................................................... 60
Product Warranty ........................................................................................................................................ 60
Service and Technical Support ................................................................................................................... 60
Note:
Content…………….. all items are available quickly by CTRL+ left mouse button.
blue underlined …..
all like this marking texts in manual quickly jump, by CTRL+ left mouse button, to corresponding content (cross
reference).
In the Manual in „pdf“ format on these marking texts standard cursor changed to hand symbol (
) . In this case only click to left
mouse button, (without CTRL), caused jump to corresponding content (cross reference).
(§NA) ……………….. parameters or features parking by this symbol are not available in this moment. As soon as will be available,
you can download and update new firmware for your controller – please watch information on our web.
In this manual are described general things about this line controllers. Exceptions for each type of model are described in separate
chapters or differences are highlights.
Separate chapters are devote to technical specifications and related things.
Development, manufacture, service:
MGM compro, Ing. G. Dvorský
Sv. Čecha 593, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
Tel.: +420 577 001 350
E-mail: mgm@mgm-compro.cz
Info: www.mgm-compro.com
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
First steps
First, before you start run controller, we recommend read Basic Recommendations and make these steps:
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solder (mounted) suitable connectors
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select basic of driving type (car, boat, aircraft / PWM, constant rpm, constant torque).
This you make by program „Controller 2“
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connect controller to motor and other parts
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connect controller to driving (master) system, see more Basic controller connection
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when you want use sensor motor, read first instruction here: Sensor motors and controllers
For first tests you can use controller with pre-defined average value of all parameters (type cells = Automat 78%) and Start with Automatic
throttle limits. Of course, optimal behaviors of the controller and your system you achieve only by correct (optimize) settings and tuning corresponding parameters.
Parameter setting by program „Controller 2“ is very simple and intuitive and enable easy and transparent setting all controller features for optimal behavior. If you wish to enjoy all the possibilities of the controller, please refer to the whole manual.
When you set parameters, include throttle limits (= programed) or range of driving signal or driving voltage, you can start  Start with programed throttle limits.
Basic Recommendations
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Shorten the cables between the battery and the controller as much as possible (however not under 3 cm, there is a possibility of unsoldering wires from the controller) ! The higher the power and the "faster" the used motor, the more important is this requirement !
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If you need to prolong the power conductors to batteries (distance between the controller and the batteries > 20 cm), it is necessary to solder additional capacitors (so more than capacitors used in the controller itself)!!! Additional capacitors must be the same as used in controllers, i.e. „very low ESR“, 105°C. Also necessary used cables with correspond cross section !
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Use only quality and well dimensioned connectors for connect battery to the controller ! Very suitable and very reliable connectors
are MP JET 2.5 – 3.5 – 5.5 – 6.0 mm, which are dimensioned for currents up to 200 – 300A, see more to file, Be careful when choosing
power connectors for batteries and motor! on our www. MP JET connectors feature small transition resistance, small dimensions and very
firm connection (they do not come apart themselves as some other types do). We recommend to put the socket on the “– “ wire (black wire)
of the controller and the plug on the “+” wire (red wire). Connectors of „plug" type 4mm, even golden-plated (4mm Gold Plated Bullet
Connectors) or connectors of „Dean“ type are discouraged for use.
 !!! Warning, reversal of battery poles will reliably destroy the controller ! (The damage however, may not show immediately, but in some
later runs) ! Therefore, we recommend using the "+" pole plug and for the "–" pole socket, the possibility of reverse polarity will be significantly less than if you have to "+"and "–" pole of the same part of the connector (i.e. to be plug and plug)
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The leads to the motor (yellow wires marked “A”, “B”, ”C”) should be soldered directly to the motor or it is also possible to use the connectors mentioned above. If you decide to use connectors, this time solder sockets to the controller leads.
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Insulate the connectors after soldering, e.g. using heat shrinking sleeve.
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Never connect more cells (higher voltage) than is specified in technical data, you can damage controller.
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We always recommend, for more than 4 Lipol cells, first connect the traction battery via the auxiliary connector with a serial resistor, see
more „Sparking prevent when connect higher voltage “
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Short circuit of motor wires together (when batteries are connected) or short cut of these wires to the feeding voltage (“+” or “– “
cables) results in damage or destroy of the controller !
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Short circuit on the motor cables or feeding cables to any other wires (control signal, communication link, …) caused damaging of
the controller !
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If the controller is powered by an AC adapter (mains power supply, not battery) should not even brake ! or off freewheel !!!
Freewheel must be set “without synchro”. If you need to brake when powered by an AC adapter must be used the braking resistors with appropriate management (control signal for braking resistors controlling provide controller yourself) !!! If you braking and the
controller is feeding from inverter, etc. without controlled braking resistors are very likely to destroy the controller !!!
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Do not underestimate the quality of traction batteries, has a significant influence on the system behavior.
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Do not SWITCH OFF controller or PLUG OFF BATTERY when motor RUN or when it is still turning – that may lead to damage or
destroy of the controller !!! This also applies to spontaneous disconnecting of the connector during operation, e.g. by vibrations!!! This is why connectors should be chosen very carefully – see recommendation above.
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Be careful for using damaged motor or motor overloading, controller damaging is possible.
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One controller can control only one motor.
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It is necessary to cool the controller in operation with flowing air (or water for water coolers). Do not obstruct the access of cooling airflow to the controller, e.g. by packing the controller in foam.
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It is recommended to measure current drawn from battery with charged battery and full load (protection of the battery and controller).
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Only clamp Ampere meters using are permitted (always for DC current, measure on the battery cables).
Never use Ampere meter inserted to the circuit (i.e. between battery and controller) – you can damage controller !
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It is convenient to use measurements carried out by the controller during the drive and their display using PC. Please remember,
that even one additional cog on pinion of the motor significantly increase the drawn currents. With acceleration set faster, currents in the
start-up peak rise very fast, and that up to many times of the current in the steady state. It is necessary to do the measurement with the
hardest batteries, which you wish to use in the set. This will prevent possible problems with overloading the controller, motor and batteries.
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Controllers designed for sensor motors can work also with sensorless motors – depend only on the correct parameter settings (motor type).
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Technical data (valid for 25°C environment temperature)
(valid for control board EF5)
Temperature of the environment:
Motor controlling:
Suitable for motors:
0°C to 40°C
PWM: from 8 up to 32 kHz
Number of regulation steps:
Max. rpm for 2 poles motor:
2048 / full throttle range
250 000 rpm
(sensors + sensorless)
without limits number of poles, motors of classical conception (rotor inside) and also for outrunners (rotor is on the outer
side), FreeAir, Hacker, Kontronik, Lehner, LRK, Mega, Model Motors, MP JET, MVVS, Neu, PJS, Plettenberg, etc.
Control signal:
Positive pulses 1.5  0,8 ms, period 2.5 up to 30 ms / voltage 0 – 3.3V (5.0V) / logic signal / data transfer
DC/DC converter (BEC):
5V, 6V, 7V, 8V / 2A cont, 6A max. (10 sec.), input voltage = 6 up to 35V by type (OPTO versions haven’t BEC !)
Feeding:
from batteries: NiCd, NiMH, Li-Ion, Li-Pol, A123, acid (Pb) or others cells
from power supplies: in this case is not permit braking without braking resistors ! or switch-of freewheel !
Also is necessary set parameter P21 to „freewheel, no synchro“.
Cables #1 - #5:
with JR gold connectors, 20 cm long, 0.25mm 2
Weight is defined for basic modification, i.e. internal cooling plate, shrinking tube, WP, OPTO, input PWM driving (servocable #1), without switch.
In case of use additional parts as external hetasinks, fans, … weight increase :
dimension HT (ribbed heatsink) :
dimension HTW (1× water cooler) :
dimension HTW (2× water cooler) :
dimension F (fan) :
switch (with wire) :
cable #2 - #5 (each one) :
DC/DC converter (BEC):
+3,5 mm
+9 mm
+6 mm
+10 mm
+7,5 gram
+16,5 gram
+15 gram
+10 gram
+ 2 gram
+ 3,2 gram
+ 3 gram
(single heatsink = 37,5 ×31×5 mm / 11 gram), take off internal cooling plate
(single heatsink = 37,5 ×31×6 mm / 15 gram, pipes Ø 4 / Ø 3, length13 mm )
(30 × 30 × 10 mm / include screws / 10 gram)
Note: by shortening of power cables to motor and battery (power supply) weight decrease proportionally.
HBC-series TMM® xxxxx-3 V 7.xx
4526-3
6026-3
9026-3
12026-3
21026-3
Maximal continuous power:
1,17 kW
Basic dimensions see picture [mm]
Dimension CL (Filtering capacitors) [mm]: Ø 8 × 17
Dimension CT (Controller thickness) [mm]:
13
Dimension D (M2 threads distance) [mm] +):
-Weight without power cables:
34 g
Weight with power cables:
47 g
Feeding voltage:
6 – 26 V
No. of feeding cells NiCd / NiMH:
6 – 18
No. of feeding cells Li-Ion / Li-Pol:
2–6
No. of feeding cells A123:
3–7
Max. continuous current *):
45 A
Max. short time current : **)
60 A
1,56 kW
2,34 kW
3,12 kW
5,46 kW
Ø 8 × 17
14
-36 g
49 g
6 – 26 V
6 – 18
2–6
3–7
60 A
80 A
Ø 10 × 17
17
22
48 g
77 g
6 – 26 V
6 – 18
2–6
3–7
90 A
120 A
Ø 10 × 17
19
24
56 g
91 g
6 – 26 V
6 – 18
2–6
3–7
120 A
160 A
Ø 10 × 17
25
30
82 g
125 g
6 – 26 V
6 – 18
2–6
3–7
210 A
280 A
On-state FET resistance at 25 °C:
2×0,8 m
2×0,7 m
Possible modification with DC/DC conv.:
yes
yes
Cables cross section to batt. ■■ / motor ■■■***):2,5/2,5 mm2 2,5/2,5 mm2
2×0,4 m
yes
4/4 mm2
2×0,35 m
yes
6/4 mm2
2×0,18 m
yes
6/4 mm2
HBC-series TMM® xxxxx-3 V 7.xx
5035-3
10035-3
18035-3
4545-3
9045-3
5063-3
10063-3
Maximal continuous power:
1,75 kW
Basic dimensions see picture [mm]
Dimension CL (Filtering capacitors) [mm]: Ø 8 × 17
Dimension CT (Controller thickness) [mm]:
14
Dimension D (M2 threads distance) [mm] +):
-Weight without power cables:
36 g
Weight with power cables:
49 g
Feeding voltage:
6 – 35 V
No. of feeding cells NiCd / NiMH:
6 – 24
No. of feeding cells Li-Ion / Li-Pol:
2–8
No. of feeding cells A123:
3–9
Max. continuous current *):
50 A
Max. short time current : **)
70 A
3,50 kW
6,30 kW
2,025 kW
4,05 kW
3,15 KW
6,30 kW
Ø 10 × 17
19
24
56 g
91 g
6 – 35 V
6 – 24
2–8
3–9
100 A
140 A
Ø 10 × 17
25
30
77 g
120 g
6 – 35 V
6 – 24
2–8
3–9
180 A
250 A
Ø 10 × 31
19
24
51 g
65 g
9 – 45 V
9 – 32
3 – 10
4 – 12
45 A
62 A
Ø 10 × 31
25
30
76 g
105 g
9 – 45 V
9 – 32
3 – 10
4 – 12
90 A
125 A
Ø 8 × 31
13
-37 g
51 g
9 – 63 V
9 – 44
3 – 15
4 – 17
50 A
70 A
Ø 10 × 31
17
22
63 g
98 g
9 – 63 V
9 – 44
3 – 15
4 – 17
100 A
140 A
2×0,55 m
yes
6/4 mm2
2×0,28 m
yes
6/4 mm2
2×1,0 m
no
2,5/2,5 mm2
2×0,50 m
no
4/4 mm2
2×0,65 m
no
2,5/2,5 mm2
2×0,33 m
no
6/4 mm2
On-state FET resistance at 25 °C:
2×1,1 m
Possible modification with DC/DC conv.:
yes
Cables cross section to batt. ■■ / motor ■■■***):2,5/2,5 mm2
The appearance and the technical data may be changed without prior notice.
+) Notice: available for controllers with two heatsinks
***) Notice: possibly also 2×2.5 mm2 or 2×4.0 mm2 respectively 2×6,0 mm2 upon request
Recommendations: If you use controller for currents higher than circa half of the maximal values, we do recommend intensive cooling by air flow or
use of heat sinks (possibly also active cooling using fans or water cooling). This will not only prevent possible overheating of the
controller, but you will also gain higher efficiency of the drive unit (cooler controller has lower losses than warm one).
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
*) Maximal continuous (nominal) current:
Maximal continuous current, without any time limits, is defined as current with full switching (100% motor PWM) with environment temperature 25°C
and with corresponding cooling (air flow, fan or water cooling).
Another important criterion is the phase currents in the full switch. Requested are practically identical (as relates to the current value) as the current
from the battery. If the phase current is significantly higher than the current from the battery (engine overloaded, poorly designed engine, etc.), the
maximum continuous current be proportionally lower.
**) Maximal short time current:
Controller tolerates for a short period increased current The time during which the regulator can deliver this current depends on the intensity of cooling. Adjustable current limit (parameter P19) is calculated from this current.
280%
Starting current peak
Up to 280% of nominal current
(depend on temperature, etc.)
Max. short time current
140%
100%
Nominal (max. continuous) current
cca 140%
of nominal current
time
Recommendations: In case the controller is use with currents higher than ca 50% of the maximal values, we recommend intensive cooling by air flow
or use active cooling using fans or water cooling. This will not only prevent possible overheating of the controller, but you will also
gain higher efficiency of the drive unit (colder controller has lower losses than warm one).
Accessories and options, available combination of HBC controllers
Controllers have in basic version only basic equipment. Features and options can significantly affect by the controller additional equipment
specifications.
Equipment of the controllers in the basic version:
- potentiometer input control (voltage control, 0 up to +3.3V), without switch, internal cooling plate, shring tube, without DC/DC conv.
- ICS-2 connector for setting parameters, reading data from the controller, monitoring, update firmware, connection of external modules
- soldered power cables, length 9/12 cm, cross section see table
Accessories and options:
For concrete hardware specification (or a custom firmware) and for order a specific configuration of the controllers, please use the
"HSBC_ordering_form.xls". Not all combinations are available simultaneously. For questions or inquiries, please contact directly the MGM
compro.
Controller type you can specify in the order according to your specific requirements.
Switch:
all controllers may be ordered with a switch (in a safe design - its damage or destroy does not affect the safety of flight
and the model / motor don´t stop working when switch component damaged
Heat sinks (coolers):
For more efficient power loss (heat) dissipation, it is possible to optionally mount (from one or both sides depending
on the type of the controller) outer ribbed heat sinks (coolers).
Fans:
In case of insufficient cooling air flow it is possible to use heat sinks with fans FAN 05, which significantly improve the
cooling efficiency – active cooling.
Possible order as set FAN 05 separately, with screws, for additional mounting to heat sinks – using of another type is strictly prohibited !!!
Water cooling:
version with water coolers is available for use in boats or in systems with higher demands for cooling intensity.
Hydro version WP:
water and humidity does not get on well with electronics. For significant increase of durability of the controller against
humidity and water, it is optionally possible to apply specialty protective cover (marked as WP). This however does
not mean that the controller with this protection is 100% durable during humidity and water and that it is not necessary
to protect it against these negative effects. The protection does not apply to salt water at all !
Hydro version WR:
If you need high protection against water, moisture and dust, you can use controllers with WR modification. It is a thick
layer of special material on the PCB, more expensive solutions. The protection does not apply to salt water at all!
Sensor motors (SE):
all types of controllers may be ordered suitable for sensor motors. These controllers may be connected to sensorless
motors as well as sensor motors. In this version is automatically available to the motor temperature measurement.
Battery temperature (BT):
controllers have add measuring of battery temperature
Each cell monitoring:
all controllers have the option to measure each battery cell with an additional module BMM-16.
Control of braking resistors:
All types can be ordered with a connector and power management circuits for braking resistor switch.
Communication:
All types can be ordered with a communication interface RS 232 TTL (Rx/Tx).
Telemetry (BC):
All types can be ordered with options to connect Tx / Rx modules for telemetry (per channel RS-232 TTL).
Type of controls:
All types can be ordered with a control by voltage, PWM, potentiometer, data, logic and signal combinations. You can
also order two control channels (e.g. for a separate function brake / throttle).
The long data record:
if necessary, the record can be extended with external module LBB_RT with micro SD card on the length of the order
of weeks. The module is also available in a version with real time. §NA
Cruise Control connection:
for all types is available external module CCM1, with which the cruise control function is provided.
External display connecting:
for all types are available an external display module can be connected either via the Rx / Tx port (RS 232 TTL).
External modules connecting: for all types of controllers can be connected external modules to a connector ICS-2
Customer changes:
if you need non-standard features or behavior of the controller, it is possible to agree on a customer change - please
contact the MGM COMPRO.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Available versions of HBC-series TMM xxxxx-3 V7 and basic dimension
(specification in chapter „Technical data “)
Basic dimensions.
Dimensions CL, CT, HT1, HT2, D, F
are in the table (Technical data)
Regular controller without coolers,
controlling by voltage (potentiometer),
with switch
4526-3, 6026-3, 5035-3, 5063-3
Version with heat sinks for controllers
4526-3, 6026-3, 5035-3, 5063-3
Version with heat sinks and FAN
for controllers
4526-3, 6026-3, 5035-3, 5063-3
Version with 2 heat sinks for
controllers for
higher powers
Mounting holes with M2
thread in heatsinks
Version with 2 heat sinks and
FANs for higher powers controllers
Version with water cooling for
controllers 4526-3, 6026-3,
5035-3, 5063-3
Version with water cooling for
controllers for higher powers
Development, manufacture, service:
MGM compro, Ing. G. Dvorský
Sv. Čecha 593, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
Tel.: +420 577 001 350
E-mail: mgm@mgm-compro.cz
Info: www.mgm-compro.com
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Version with cooler (heatsink) for controllers
4526-3, 6026-3, 5035-3, 5063-3
WR version
Version with 2 coolers (heatsinks) and fans for
controllers 9026-3, 12026-3, 21026-3, 10035-3,
18035-3, 4545-3, 9045-3, 10063-3
WR version
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Basic description of the controllers
RxD data to controller (orange)
TxD data from controller (red)
GND (minus), brown
to electromotor
to electromotor
C
C
cable #34
communication
Control pulses (orange)
+5 V for servos and receiver (red)
GND (minus), brown
Indication LED
abeam
B
B
Indication LED
abeam
)
A
cable #2
control voltage
A
Connector ICS-2:
Connecting brake lights
+ programming
+ ext. signalization
)
cable #1
input PWM
„TURNED-OFF“
Position „TURNED-ON“
(disconnected contacts)
- batt.
- batt.
switch (only „s“ version)
+ batt.
+ batt.
Controller version with communication and with switch
Basic modification with switch
Summary of possible inputs / outputs
Safety switch
Switch-on position
(open contacts)
Open contact = switch-on
Closed contact = switch-off
Safety switch - connector
switch, red
0
#0
ground (GND, minus), brown
#1
cable #1
Ground, GND, minus *), brown
+5 V from BEC or external *) red
driving PWM, INP_1, orange
1
2
cable #34
ground (GND, minus), brown
Transmitting Data TxD, red
Receiving Data RxD, orange
4
3
# 34
Attention, in the telemetry case
(variant „BC“) is this cable
connection in other modification ! see Back data transfer ….
#2
cable #2
ground (GND, minus), brown
+3.3 V potentiometer feeding, red
Driving voltage, INP_2, orange
5
Battery temperature sensor, orange
6
#5
cable #5
ground (GND, minus), brown
+3.3 V voltage output, red
Output signal TTL 3.3V, orange
ground (GND, minus), brown
One of the two
#6
cable #6
cable #6 with sensor KTY81-210
#6
Battery temperature sensor
*) Note: in case of OPTO version is optocoupler feeds from external source and grounds (GND) are not connected together
10 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Marking and Specification of the HBC controllers / allowed combination
Marking of HBC_AAAVV_V7 HBC-series Controllers - specification of options for ordering
Meaning of the specifications: AAA – nominal current/ VV – max. feeding voltage
Sample: TMM 10063-3 V7 HBC
AAA = 100
max. continuous current 100A (nominal)
VV = 63
max. feeding (traction) voltage 63V=
Switching DC/DC converter
Controllers up to 35V is possible order with internal integrate switching DC/DC converter. Output voltage of this converter can be used for supply (feeding) of cooperating equipment.
Current rating of BEC declines with higher temperature. DC/DC converter current rate is 2A continuously for 25°C and 6A for short time current
peak. Short circuit on the output is tolerate some time without damaging.
Output voltage 5V, 6V, 7V and 8V is possible set in parameter P40.
11 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Basic controller connection
Power
connectors
Power
connectors
Traction battery
(supply)
or direct motor connection to the
controller (without power connectors)
Controller HBC- series
A
AKU
B
Braking resistors
Výkonová část
- řízení motoru
C
Sensors feeding
Motor temperature
BLDC motor
with or without
sensors
+5V
Sensor A
Sensor B
Sensor C
(GND)
GND
FET driver
Switching
element
Connector EFRA for sensors
Braking resistors
driving
Control board EF5
Switch V1
GND
communication
RS 232 TTL
TxD
Data (control)
communication
TxD
RxD
Signal
source
----------Control
system
(+5V)
GND
INP_1
Input control PWM
PWM
(+5V) DC/DC converter output
RS 232 TTL
Control system,
display, ….
RxD
(GND)
GND
(GND)
+3.3V
INP_2
control voltage
Potentiometer
or control voltage 1 kΩ
GND
GND
BL_1 (Driving of the braking lights, etc.)
SDA
Auxiliary control
logic signals
ICS-2
SCL
+3.3V
Auxiliary output
signals
GND
GND
I2C link,
communication with external modules,
communication with PC (USBCOM 4),
parameters settings, update firmware,..
feeding of ext. modules
(+5V)
(+5V) výstup DC/DC konvertoru
ICS-2 connector
Note 1: Both inputs INP_1 and INP_2 can be the same, both should be controlled by voltage or potentiometer, both can be controlled by input PWM, etc.
+3.3V
Potentiometer
or control voltage
INP_1
control voltage
1 kΩ
GND
GND
+3.3V
Potentiometer
or control voltage
INP_2
control voltage
1 kΩ
GND
GND
12 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Connecting controller to the traction supply and turning on
Auxiliary
connector
External antispark
resistor (50Ω /1W)
Controller HBC- series
AC2
Traction
battery
PC2
To Power stage
Closed contact =
BATT
Power
connectors
Electronics feeding
330F
- Motor cut-off
- Internal electronics cut-off
- outputs cut-off
330F
Switch
V1
PC1
GND
Filtering
capacitors
Note:
BATT
Power connectors and auxiliary connector can be replaced by corresponding contacts of the power relays (contactors).
Antispark resistor serves only to charge the filter capacitors! - Controller cannot be run (run engine) through this resistor, i.e. without
connected power connector PC2. Through this internal resistor antispark cannot be supplied any other device !!!
For small traction voltage 12 to 16 V does not necessary to use antispark circuit, you can leave out.
Connecting and disconnecting the controller to the traction supply:
Before the controller is connected to any voltage, make sure that all inputs, outputs, control and motor are connected. When connecting additional or disconnecting existing inputs, outputs, sensors etc., the controller must be correctly turned off and disconnected from all power
supplies.
Please follow the instructions for connection to the power supply:
1) connect minus pole of the battery „–BATT“ (GND), connector PC1
2) connect traction voltage (+battery) to „+Antispark“ input of the controller by connector AC2 and wait a few seconds (filtering capacitors
charging)
3) when the filter capacitors are charged, connect traction supply by connector PC2 to input marked „+BATT“; now is the controller fully under voltage
4) if a switch is used *), it is necessary to disconnect its contacts, so that the controller is turned on and ready for operation
if no switch is used, controller has been turned on in step 3) and is ready for operation
Please follow this procedure for disconnecting from the power supply:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
before disconnecting the controller from the power supply (or turn-off with the switch), motor must be at stand still !
turn the controller off using a switch, if you are using one, by connecting the contacts of the switch (closed contact)
disconnect voltage from input marked „+Antispark“, connector AC2
disconnect traction supply from input marked „+ BATT “, connector PC2
disconnect minus pole of the battery „–BATT“ (GND), connector PC1
*) Switch can either be a real switch, or a potential-free contact (reed relay, magnetic contact), optocoupler etc.
On / off internal power supply the controller is done safely connecting the control contact A), B) - when the failure (disconnection, breakage,
etc.) does not turn off electronics and does not loss of control.
If you need to turn on the contrary, switching the controller by switch use the connection C), D).
A)
C)
By switch / read contact, etc.
By external switch, etc
+5V / +12V
Controller HBC- series
10 - 100 k
switch
Closed contact =
Turn-off controller
GND
B)
- Motor cut-off
- Internal electronics cut-off
- outputs cut-off
Closed contact =
Turn-on controller
D)
By external optocoupler, etc..
switch
GND
By external optocoupler, etc..
+5V / +12V
Current flow =
Turn-on controller
10 - 100 k
Current flow =
Turn-off controller
GND
GND
13 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Control signals specification
Controller can be driven (depend on the customer specification) by some other modes (type of driving signals):
-
By input PWM, width of driving pulse is 1 – 2 ms, pulses period 3.5 – 30 ms, can be galvanic isolated
By voltage 0 up to +3.3V (resp. +5V or +10V, by specification)
By Potentiometer(s) 1 kΩ
By Data transfer (RS 232 TTL)
By Logic signal (switch, TTL input, 0 – 24V voltage, by specification)
Type of control signal must be specified in the order. This is currently specified HW configuration of the control inputs!
For simplicity, in the whole manual is shown to control the joystick (throttle stick) - but it always corresponds to the other
control methods (potentiometer, voltage, PWM input, data):
Joystick / input PWM
Potentiometer / voltage
P7
STOP +1.0 V
P8
(=1.3 ms) P7
P6
(1 ms)
(1.3 ms)
Forward run
No reaction
(or brake)
(2 ms)
max. backward = 0.15 V
(=1 ms)
P8
P6
+3.15 V = max. forward
(=2 ms)
Note: If you do not need change the intensity of the brake, position P7 may align with location P8 .
The brake can also independently control by the second (auxiliary) channel (with set parameters P9, P10 and P11).
Joystick / input PWM
Potentiometer / voltage
P7
STOP +1.0 V
(=1.3 ms) P7
P8
P6
(1 ms)
(1.3 ms)
Forward run
(or brake)
Backward run
(resp. brzdí)
(2 ms)
max. backward = 0.15 V
(=1 ms)
P8
P6
+3.15 V = max. forward
(=2 ms)
Specific values for the position P6 , P7 and P8 is set directly in the parameters of P6, P7 and P8 (main channel),
resp. P9, P10 and P11 (auxiliary channel).
That each position corresponds with behavior by set driving type (type of model – car, boat, etc.) Both end points as well as middle position
cannot have these concrete values – these values can be set in large range (by program „Controller 2“).
P8 – throttle stick fully backward = minimal width of driving pulses PWM (1.0 ms) = minimal driving voltage 0.15 V = potentiometer fully „on
the left side“, i.e. nearest to ground terminal.
P7 – throttle stick somewhere in the middle = middle width of driving pulses PWM (1.5 ms) = middle of driving voltage 1.65 V = potentiometer somewhere on the middle position.
P6 – throttle stick fully forward = maximal width of driving pulses PWM (2.0 ms) = maximal driving voltage 3.15 V = potentiometer fully „on
the right side“, i.e. nearest to “upper” terminal (nearest to +3.3V).
Voltages are reported for potentiometer (powered from the internal voltage +3.3 V).
When driving voltage (but not by potentiometer ! ) may also be a max. voltage of +5 V to 5 V input range or +10 V to 10 V input range.
14 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Control by data transfer.
When controlling is realized by data transfer, following possibilities can be choice:
- standard line RS 232 or bus RS 485 or CAN (also optically insulated – see specification)
- or RS 232 line with TTL level (advantage fr direct communication processor – processor). Controller cooperates with 3.3V systems, as well
as with 5V systems. In this case line is defined like this:
frame 1 byte
+2.4 up to +3.3V (5.0V)
Controller HBC- series
Start bit
0 up to 0.8V
(log. 0)
(1 or 2)
Data bits
Stop bit
Start bit
Quiescent state
(log. 1)
Control system
+3.3V
(3.3V or 5.0V logic)
Data receiving from
control system
Data sending with
level 3.3V
100 Ω
RxD
RxD
TxD
TxD
GND
GND
Data receiving from HBC controller
Data sending with level 3.3V or 5V
100 Ω
Controller sends data with 3.3V level.
Controller receives correctly data from control system with 3.3V level, as well as 5.0V level.
period
(2.5 – 30 ms)
Control by input PWM.
Control signal definition:
Control information is Pulse width.
Pulse Width
(1 – 2 ms)
+2.4 up to 5V
0V / GND
Controllers without galvanic isolation for input PWM:
Controller HBC- series
Control signal generator
+3.3V
(3.3V or 5.0V logic)
Receiving of input PWM
Internal DC/DC converter (+5V)
input PWM
control PWM for controller 3.3V or 5V
(voltage +5V)
Possible supply for generator, receiver, system, ..
(the order of mA)
GND
Controllers with galvanic isolation for input PWM:
Receiver or signal generator
Controller HBC- series
(3.3V or 5.0V logic)
Optical insulation
Receiving of input
control PWM
driving PWM
control PWM for controller 3.3V or 5V
+5V
Controller ground
potential
GND generátoru
+5V (feeding of controller’s optocoupler)
GND, generator ground potential
15 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Control by potentiometer.
In case, potentiometer is connect by longer cable (>20 cm), we recommend use shielding cable. Shielding connects to input GND point of the
controller:
Controller HBC- series
+3.3V
+3.3V
Source of 3.3V
1 kΩ
1 kΩ
to AD convertor
GND
GND
Cable shielding
Control by voltage.
Source of control voltage must have low impedance << 1kΩ.
Controller HBC- series
Control voltage generator
Control voltage
to AD convertor
Driving voltage 0 up to +3.3V
or 0 up to +5V or 0 up to +10V
GND
Control in case "separate brake / throttle", reversing the direction of rotation.
If you set the parameter P4 "separate brake / throttle", each of these functions is controlled by a separate potentiometer (voltage, PWM). Brake
function has priority, i.e., if gas is set to a nonzero value and activate the brake, the engine is disconnected and is actively braked proportionally, regardless of the throttle position (value). At the moment deactivation of the brake (= neutral, min. position), assumes the function of throttle again and the engine is powered by the settings of the throttle value (according to the potentiometer, the PWM…).
Both of these functions, i.e. throttle and brake are configured in unidirecdtional mode; from the neutral position "back" (if not set to the same
value with neutral) ignored. If you need the engine reversed (direction of rotation reverse) can not be achieved through the neutral gas going to
the "backward" (can not enable bidirectional mode). You must use an external input for changing the direction of rotation. By default, this
function uses the input channel RxD, RS232 TTL, settings in P54 (but then can not use this type of communication), see next page.
Controller HBC- series
INP_1 INP_2
+3.3V
Control contact (or signal) for
reversing the direction of rotation
feeding 3.3V
+3.3V
to AD converter
THROTTLE
RxD
GND
REVERSE
+3.3V
GND
to AD converter
BRAKE
GND
16 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Control and additional control by logic signals
Control by logic signal (function A).
The controller can be operated only by logic signal (on / off), applied to the control input "INP_1". Speed (power, torque, etc.) in the on position can be defined by setting the parameters P19, P20, P50 (various limits) or the engine goes to the full power. The speed of acceleration
ramp is again given by parameter P16 “Acceleration”.
Enabling engine running by logic signal (function B).
In case you need switch on / off running of the engine by switch, contact or logical signals, but the speed (power, PWM, ...) are managing by
signal at the input "INP_1" or "INP_2", auxiliary permitting input (gate) is always carried by the second (for control unused) input or INP_2
INP_1. This gate (permitting) function can be activated by parameter P41.
If necessary, this permitting signal (gate) may be also moved to another port, of course, if it is free and available, this is customization.
Start the controller after turning on is determined partly by setting P5 (safe, fast, immediate), second by the logical state of the control signal
and, if selected "function B" also level of the main control signal (voltage, input PWM, potentiometer).
Galvanic non-isolated control input:
Galvanic isolated control input:
Controller HBC- series
Controller HBC- series
+3.3V
optical isolation
INP_1
Switch, read contact,
TTL signal,
resp. voltage 0 up to 24V
INP_1
+
Control signal
+2.4 to 5V
–
GND
0V
switch, optocoupler, transistor, …
In the event that both inputs INP_1 and also INP_2 used for control, it is possible to move the gate function to the input TxD and activate by parameter P41. The same time it must be defined in order (normally the port is used as the output port for communication in HW).Of course, if this
function is used, you cannot use the communication channel RS-232 TTL.
Controller HSBC- series
+3.3V
TxD !
Switch, read contact,
TTL signal,
resp. voltage 0 up to 24V
)
GND
switch, optocoupler,
transistor, …
.
Control motor rotation direction by logic signal (P54).
The direction of rotation of the controller can be independently controlled by by logic signal (one direction / opposite direction) on the RxD input. This must also correspond with the settings of the parameter P54.
Galvanic non-isolated control input:
Galvanic isolated control input:
Controller HBC- series
Controller HBC- series
+3.3V
optical isolation
RxD
Switch, read contact,
TTL signal,
resp. voltage 0 up to 24V
GND
switch, optocoupler, transistor, …
Of course, if this function is used, you can not use the communication channel RS-232 TTL.
RxD
+
Control signal
+2.4 to 5V
–
0V
17 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Cooperation with RC Remote Control
When you need or is necessary used industry version of the controller in the model or you want only use transfer path of RC
equipment:










Receiver and antenna should be placed as far as possible from the motor, controller, the batteries and power leads.
Controller’s cable #1 connect to the receiver, throttle channel.
When you use (you have) controller with telemetry (BC version), connect cable #34 to corresponding channel of receiver.
For OPTO versions (i.e. without BEC) you must use external supply for receiver and servos (receiver battery, external BEC, …)
For BEC version (here is marking by this version with internal DC/DC converter, need for receiver and servos feeding) you can connect receiver
(safety) battery parallel to BEC for safety increase *), see fig. e)
When motor rotate to other side than you need, you can swap two motor cables (only for sensorless motors !) or change parameter settings (parameter Reversal of motor revolution).
When you want use sensor motor (SE version of controller), make „Automatic sensor settings“ before first start.
The controller switch is connected safety so that drop-out of BEC voltage is not possible if the switch fails (safe connection).
Controller is turned-on by open contact of the switch or by connecting the accumulators (applies to versions without the switch).
When you use more than 4 Lipol cells (more than ca 16V), use „antispark“ resistor for first battery connection, see: Sparking prevent when connect
higher voltage
switch („s“ version)
Contacts Open = Controller switch-on
a) BEC version
–
A
controller
HBC-series B
+
C
Traction
Battery
switch („s“ version)
b) OPTO version
–
A
controller
HBC-series B
+
C
Traction
Battery
motor
motor
servo
Receiver
Receiver
Throttle channel
channels xx
Throttle channel
channels xx
Not used channel
servo
servo
servo
c) BEC version SE (sensored)
–
A
controller
B
HBC-series
+
C
Traction
Battery
senzorový
motor
Receiver MZK
Throttle channel
Back data transfer
Receiver
Throttle channel
channels xx
–
A
controller
B
HBC-series
+
C
servo
Sensor
cables
connector
EFRA
Servocable #2
telemetry
servo
channels xx
servo
senzorový
motor
TMM xxxx-3
BEC, SE, BC
Servocable #1
kabel od
senzorů
konektor
EFRA
switch („s“ version)
Traction
Battery
TMM xxxx-3
BEC, SE
servo
servo
e) BEC version with safety battery
SE (sensored),
BC (telemetry)
Traction
Battery
Servocable #1
Receiver MZK
Throttle channel
Back data transfer
servo
Receiver
Battery
d) BEC version
SE (sensored),
BC (telemetry)
switch („s“ version)
servo
servo
switch („s“ version)
–
A
controller
B
HBC-series
+
C
Notice:
(only for versions with BEC !!!)
senzorový
motor
TMM xxxx-3
BEC, SE, BC
If you need to feed the receiver or servos from some other source than BEC,
carefully take out the central core of the
servo cable connector (red wire) and insulate it properly !
Sensor
cables
connector
Servocable #2 EFRA
telemetry
servo
channels xx
servo
servo
Not used channel
Receiver (safety) Battery,
Select by note *)
*) for 5V BEC voltage connect 4 Nixx cells
for 6V BEC voltage connect 5 Nixx cells
for 7V BEC voltage connect 2 A123 cells
for 8V BEC voltage connect 2 Lipol / Li-Ion cells
With OPTO versions
DO NOT TAKE OUT the core !!!
The easiest way to connect a receiver battery for free channel of the receiver or
receivers in position to connect the receiver battery, like OPTO controllers without
BEC, see Figure b) Opto version
Connect this battery only after controller is on and disconnect first when switching-off controller.
18 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Control signal – correct limits and emergency conditions
Controller monitors presence of driving signal continuously (input PWM, voltage range, potentiometer connections, data transfer). When find
not correct driving signal range, absence of driving signal, potentiometer defect etc., activates emergency stop regime, with parameters
P38 (Masking time for signal lost) and P39 (Brake intensity for signal lost), which defines all the emergency stop process.
Detail description follows.
Control by Potentiometer:
Control potentiometer has connect resistors with low values to both terminals, include “pull-up” resistor connect between brush and system voltage +3.3V. These additional components bring potentiometer monitoring – if not cut some of terminals or connection wires, if
brush is not shorting. In all these emergency cases is driving voltage moved to “Restricted area H or L”, i.e. out of correct voltage range
and activates emergency stop routine.
For elimination of components tolerances, between Correct range of driving voltage and Restricted areas tolerance zone (safety zone).
Also in this area is driving signal interpreted as Full throttle forward or backward.
For real “safety zone” function, driving signal is not present in this area (standardly). This realized parameter P13 (tolerance of end position). When driving signal reach to these values, is always evaluated as correct Full throttle forward or backward – always is guarantee
that driving signal reach these “end positions” of driving signal with components tolerances.
This protection mechanism decrease partially available range of used AD converter (~ about 10 - 15%, i.e. from 4095 values to ~ 3680 up
to 3480 values). In practice is not decrease controllers resolution (or smooth of driving), but significantly increase system safety. Concrete
values are determined by settings of parameters P6, P8, P13, respectively also P9 and P11 (auxiliary driving channel).
+3.3 V
Restricted area H
Uh=+3.15 V
(parameter P6)
Regulátor HBC - series
47 Ω
47 Ω
control voltage
+3.3V
k AD převodníku
1 µF
47 kΩ
(P13) end position width (tolerance)
full throttle
forward
Rh
0Ω
POT=
1 kΩ
Correct range of
driving voltage
(potentiometer)
GND
POT=1K:
STOP
Real range of
driving voltage
neutral range / STOP (P7)
Rh=0 Ω (without resist.) Rd=51 Ω
STOP ◄●►
STOP
full throttle backward
STOP
End position width (P13)
STOP width (P7)
Ud=+0.15 V
(parameter P8)
full throttle forward
full throttle forward
Rd
51 Ω
Resistor Rh and Rd value for these potentiometers:
150 mV
Restricted area L
STOP ●►
full throttle back◄●►
150 mV
0.0 V
One way driving ●►
Bidirectional driving ◄●►
Control by Voltage:
The situation is very similar to the control by voltage from an external generator (voltage source, DAC of superior system, etc..) - connected between the terminal GND and terminal "control signal". An error condition occurring during control voltage drop, during cutting of
wires or during short circuit signal to ground (GND) activates the emergency stop. Also bring a higher voltage than the nominal (i.e. +3.3
V / +5 V / +10 V) internally causes a shift in the prohibited zone (above 3.15V) and activating the emergency stop occurs as in the previous case. Similarly, the voltage less than 0.15 V is taken as an error condition. Keep in mind that the source of control voltage must be
low impedance (< 1 kΩ).
+3.3 V
Restricted area H
Regulátor HBC - series
Uint=+3.15 V
(parameter P6)
47 Ω
+3.3V
k AD převodníku
1 µF
Uint 47 Ω
47kΩ
Rs *)
Externí rezistor
(P13) end position width (tolerance)
full throttle
forward
0 až +3.3V
control voltage
Correct range of
driving voltage
0 – 100%
Real range of
driving voltage
STOP
Uint=+0.15 V
(parameter P8)
full throttle forward
full throttle forward
STOP
neutral range / STOP (P7)
STOP ◄●►
STOP
GND
*) value of resistor “Rs“ for predefined range:
0.15 ÷ 3.15V:
-- (without resistor Rs)
0.16 ÷ 3.3V:
2.2 kΩ
0.24 ÷ 5.0V:
27.4 kΩ or (27K + 390R)
0.48 ÷ 10.0V:
102.0 kΩ or (100K + 2K0)
150 mV
STOP width (P7)
full throttle backward
End position width (P13)
Restricted area L
STOP ●►
full throttle back ◄●►
150 mV
0.0 V
One way driving ●►
Bidirectional driving ◄●►
Note: If necessary, you can "Prohibited areas H and L" suppress (disable) by the parameter P90 and the control range increase to full
range of 0.0 to 3.3 V.
19 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Control by input PWM:
Here is similar situation. When lost signal from driving PWM generator or signal parameters go outside from limit range, or cut signal
wires or shorting of these wires (together or to GND), after time "masking signal drop" P38 is activated emergency stop procedure, as in
previous cases.
Restricted area H
HSBC - series Controller
PWM=2300 µs
(parameter P6)
(P13) end position width (tolerance)
full throttle
forward
full throttle forward
Real range of
driving PWM
width
neutral range / STOP (P7)
full throttle forward
control PWM
driving PWM receive
Correct range of
driving PWM width
GND
STOP
control PWM width
(1 – 2 ms)
period
(2.5 – 30 ms)
STOP width (P7)
PWM=700 µs
(parameter P8)
STOP
STOP ◄●►
STOP
full throttle backward
End position width (P13)
STOP ●►
full throttle back ◄●►
Restricted area L
0.0 µs
One way driving ●►
Bidirectional driving ◄●►
Although the standard width of the control signal in the range 1-2 ms, the controller tolerates a wider area.
Control by data transfer:
Again similar situation is also in this case. When driving data transfer lost or interrupted (data transfer period is longer than limit value
P38), when signal (data) shorting together or to GND, activate emergency stop of the motor.
Data frame (control data)
Line idle state
Data transfer period
HBC - series Controller
RxD
Receive (control) data
TxD
Transmitted data
GND
Control data from master system
Requested data (answers)
Data frame (control data)
20 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Back data transfer, telemetry (only for controllers marking „BC“).
If you need some information or data to monitor in traffic in real time, at a distance (i.e. cannot be used "Monitoring"), it is possible to use some
sets of modules for remote control and the data transfer and display their help with.
Controllers with „BC“ modification has not only general servocable #1, but also second cable #34. This cable transfer data from the controller to
receiver (and receiver transfer these data subsequently to transmitter side). This cable #34 is connected to corresponding channel of receiver
(for details see manual of receiver).
Necessary set corresponding data format, in parameter „telemetry“ by program „Controller 2“ (as for example TWIN for receivers and RC
equipment of MZK servis company or HOTT system from Graupner, etc.)
Display unit, which displayed transferred data, connect to transmitting module 2,4GHz of your transmitter.
For connection and set receiver, transmitting module and display unit follow instruction for these components.
ground (minus), brown
+5 V for servos and receiver (red)
data from controller (orange )
C
Example of MZK unit.
B
ground (minus), brown
cable #34
telemetry
to electromotor
Display unit for displaying of
transferred data from receiver side
– as from controller, sensors, etc.
A
+5 V for servos and receiver (red)
Control pulses (orange)
Indication LED
abeam
cable #1 or 2
control
- batt.
Connect to corresponding connector
of transmitting module 2.4 GHz
+ batt.
Cable #34 modification for telemetry:
Note:
# 34
cable #34
ground (GND, minus), brown
+5V BEC, red
Bidirectional data transfer, orange
3 4
BEC voltage, on the middle pin of this connector, is available only for BEC version of the controller. In case the controller without BEC
system, no voltage is present on this pin.
Connecting:
Controller HBC- series
Receiver
+3.3V
Telemetry
(cable #34 )
Data from receiver
Transmitting and receiving data
100 Ω
Doubled supply of the receiver and servos from
controller (if BEC implemented)
Data to receiver
Source of the BEC (5V)
(OPTO version haven´t BEC)
GND
GND
+3.3V
Control PWM
(cable #1 )
Receiving of input
control PWM
Source of the BEC (5V)
(OPTO version haven´t BEC)
driving PWM
control PWM for controller
(BEC voltage)
GND
supply of the receiver and servos from controller (if
BEC implemented) .
For OPTO versions is 5V supply by another
source which feed receiver as well as
optocoupler in the controller
21 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Sensor motors and controllers
Sensor motors (BLDC motors with sensors) can have generally different connector and variously connected.
If you have a motor with any sensor connector or if you are not 100% sure of connecting the motor sensor wires and/or motor power
cables on separate phases, it is necessary make to first "Automatic sensor settings". This mean before any start or testing - the first
engine start with the sensors must be in "Automatic sensor settings" mode !
Otherwise, you risk the destruction of or damage to the controller.
This is very advantageous to make, even if you know the good connection of phases and sensors, because many of these engines does not
have sensors in its optimal position in relation to the stator and during operation created unnecessary losses - "Automatic sensor settings" eliminates this imperfections and optimize sensor settings for such engines.
If you replace the engine, repeat this initially settings.
IMPORTANT: If the motor spins in reverse than you need, necessary change the direction of rotation in parameters. You can also swap
the other two phases as for sensorless motor, but must run again "Automatic sensor settings", the learning process.
In all cases it is necessary to strictly observe distribution of “Pin connector description”, see "Summary of possible inputs / outputs“.
If you are not sure the sign and the connecting of each sensors (Sensor A, Sensor B, Sensor C) or as the phases marking (A, B, C),
does not matter, with this controller in the "Automatic sensor settings" to order. Other wires must not be mistaken !
Power
connectors
Traction
battery
(supply)
Controller HBC- series
or direct motor connection to the
controller (without power connectors)
A
B
BAT.
C
BLDC motor
with sensors
Sensors
feeding +5V
Motor temperature
Power
connectors
Sensor A
Sensor B
Sensor C
(GND)
GND
Cable shielding connection
to GND only here !
Cable shielding
Note: Shielded cable to the engine sensors, when used with shielded cable, must be connected to ground (GND) only for the controller side
- must not be used as a negative lead for sensors!
Shielding must not be connected to ground (GND, chassis) anywhere else than on the sensor connector of controller !!!
Pull up resistors for the individual sensors are integrated in the controller. They may (but need not) also be on the side of the engine
(2K2 resistor). In any case, the feeding of sensors (on the engine side) must be filtered by 100nF ceramic capacitors or a better by 1F.
The temperature sensor may not be connected to external pull-up resistors.
Automatic sensor setting procedure
This setting is necessary make on the not loaded motor – i.e. without propeller or pinion for gear. In this procedure, you may not also
have limited speed or current.
The procedure can also be made at reduced power supply voltage than the nominal operating voltage (of course in the range of operating voltage) - some unloaded motors could in that case operating at full voltage exceed its own speed limit!
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
connect motor to controller, include sensor cable, connect to PC and turn on controller.
in program „Controller 2“ set parameter P46, Motor type to „Sensor motor – Automatic sensor setting“
write this setting to controller by button „Write setting“
turn off controller (USBCOM 4 is possible disconnect)
turn on transmitter
when controller is not connected to receiver or signal source, connect now, to throttle channel (for OPTO version also turn on receiver
supply / generator +5V supply for optocoupler in the controller)
7)
turn on controller again, if you don´t set throttle limits (= you have automatic limits), must go through the initial setup limits procedure, i.e.
until state of lighting blue LED and yellow LED (throttle in Neutral position) ……..…………………….....
8)
move throttle stick to full throttle forward, controller start run motor and automatically stop ……..............
9)
LED indicate correct finishing of this operation by blinking of blue LED …………………………………..
10)
11)
12)
or
( in case of some problem start blinking all LEDs ……………………………………………………………
)
if you don´t see LEDs (controller is somewhere inside model) you can check correct finishing of this procedure by this way:
move throttle stick back to STOP position and try increase throttle again  motor must not start run now
switch-off controller, sensors position and phase are correct and optimize, after correct finishing procedure controller automatically switch
Motor type parameter to “sensors” – you can check this also by read data via program Controller 2.
when you turn on controller now, working with sensors – you can connect load to motor (propeller, pinion, ..
Note:
After correct finished procedure controller automatically switched parameter settings to “sensor motor“, you can check this via reading
data from the controller by program „Controller 2“. This setting is remembered (up to next start of this procedure).
When procedure finishes not correctly, checks connectors, sensor connections, and start procedure again.
22 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
SENSOR MOTORS:
Sensor motor according to EFRA specification:
Phase C
Phase B
- must have 6-pin JST ZH connector model ZHR-6 or equivalent,
marked as SZH-002TP0.5 26-28 awg. for sensors and heat sensor connection
Phase A
Pins specification of this connector:
pin #1
Pin #1 – black wire, ground potential (minus)
Pin #2 – orange wire, sensor phase C
Pin #3 – white wire, sensor phase B
Pin #4 – green wire, sensor phase A
Pin #5 – blue wire, motor temperature sensing, 10 k NTC
(other end of sensor is on ground potential, pin #1)
Pin #6 – red wire, sensors feeding, +5.0 V ± 10%.
(supply voltage for sensors provide controller, don´t connect external voltage !)
connector
JST ZH
Example: Motor by NOVAK,
Velocity 3.5R Brushless Motor
- power wires are marked A, B, C – connect to phases of controller, with the same name.
A for phase A
B for phase B
C for phase C

View from opposite side
View from „back“
from the motor

Connector ICS-2:
USBCOM 4 connection
(to PC), brake lights

pin #1
Connector JST by EFRA:
Motor’s sensors
connection
23 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Optimal and allowed motor sensor position
Next picture displayed correct relative position all phases voltage (back EMF) and sensors. Phase voltage, as well as sensor signals, is
offset by 120°. Optimal sensor position is such that sensor signal edge correspond with “zero crossing” moment (marking by red ring on
the phase voltage).
Optimal
position
Phase Voltage (back EMF)
Optimal position of the
Sensor output signal
Edge
30°
½ phase
voltage
Electric 360°
Allowed
Tolerances: ± 10°
Allowed
Tolerances: ± 10°
Output signal of
the corresponding
sensor
„Zero crossing“
moment
Optimal
position
Phase A
120°
½ phase
voltage
Phase B
Allowed
Tolerances: ± 10°
Allowed
Tolerances: ± 10°
Optimal
position
Phase C
½ phase
voltage
Allowed
Tolerances: ± 10°
Allowed
Tolerances: ± 10°
Controller can compensate these sensor’s differences from optimal position. However here are some limits. When is edge of the sensor signal before zero crossing, maximal possible timing value is not limited. In case, this edge is after zero crossing point, value of
maximal possible timing is lower (30° minus this difference).
When you change rotation direction, sensor position is “swapped”, i.e. sensor signals which had edge before zero crossing point will be
after zero crossing point and vice versa – with all limitation for limiting maximal possible value of the timing.
Therefore we recommend difference from optimal position of the sensors up to ±10°. In this case is available timing up to 15 – 20° for
both direction of the motor rotation – this value is enough for most the motors.
When your sensors have higher differences from optimal position, controller eliminates this value, but maximal possible timing value is
decrease for some of rotation direction.
In case, your motor don´t need timing (timing is 0°), tolerances of the sensors position from optimal position can be higher (up to ± 25°),
controller eliminate these differences.
In case, differences of sensors position are more than 25 – 30° electric (include magnet dimension tolerances and its positions !!!), controller cannot eliminate these differences and signalize error (sensors error, motor error).
Two poles motor have identical electric and mechanical revolution (360°). This is not valid for motors with more poles.
For example 4-poles motor have one electric revolution by 180°mechanical revolution (360/2=180). This means two electric revolutions
/one mechanical revolution. Etc.
Therefore motors with more poles have higher demands on mechanical accuracy. Motor with 12 poles have one electric revolution on
60° mechanical degrees (360/6=60), therefore maximal mechanical tolerances for sensors position is ±10°/ 6 = ±1,67°!!! (max.). The
same criteria are valid for magnets.
inspection:
If you are uncertain about the location of sensors (or their output signals), you can easily check.
- The controller mode switch to sensorless
- Disconnect the engine from mechanical load (propeller, gearbox, ...)
- Spin the engine at full throttle by controller
- Measure by oscilloscope (2 channel at least) both the phase voltages (successively A, B, C), while each corresponding sensor the
output. You get similar waveforms as shown above. Important is the position sensor output edges to the passage of zero..
24 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Basic operating modes - mode choice and basic type of behavior
The regulator has a preset several basic modes (or types) of behavior that can be combined with PWM, constant speed, constant torque.
Joystick without neutral position (non-latching STOP)
Mode AIRCRAFT: Unidirectional mode
Mode BOAT:
One-way aircraft - brake in neutral (MIN = STOP) can be activated
One-way boat - brake in neutral (MIN = STOP) cannot be activated
●►
STOP position is identical with the position of "full brake" (P7 = P8)
P8 = P7
P6
fig. 1
Joystick with neutral (with lock the STOP position)
Mode CAR:
Mode BOAT:
one way mode
50:50
◄●►
P7
P8
P6
STOP
STOP position may not be in the middle, i.e. 50% / 50%
Mode CAR:
Mode BOAT:
P8
one way mode
30:70
◄●►
P7
P6
STOP
One-way Aircraft
brake in neutral (STOP)
can be activated
One-way Boat
brake cannot be
activated
Controller to the signal
below the Neutral position
(below P7, backwards
signal) don´t react.
fig. 4
fig. 3
Mode CAR:
Mode BOAT:
bidirectional mode
50:50
◄●►
P7
P8
P6
STOP
Mode CAR:
Mode BOAT:
P8
bidirectional mode
30:70
◄●►
P7
P6
STOP
Aircraft bidirectional
brake in neutral (STOP)
can be activated
Boat bidirectional
brake cannot be
activated
When crossing the Neutral, controller goes
smoothly from rotation in
one direction to another
direction.
fig. 6
fig. 5
Joystick with neutral (with lock the STOP position)
Mode CAR: one way mode / bidirectional mode
50:50
STOP position may not be in the middle, i.e. 50% / 50%
Mode CAR: one way mode / bidirectional mode
◄●►
◄●►
P7
P7
STOP
P8
fig. 7
P6
For running back are all reversed
30:70
P8
fig. 8
The decision if braking or reverse, also affects the parameter P53.
STOP
P6
For running back are all reversed
Car bidirectional
brake and brake in neutral
(STOP) can be activated
As you move the joystick
forward from the STOP position (to P6), the motor rotates forward. If the joystick
moves to the other side (to
P8) and the motor still rotates forward, begins to
brake. The braking intensity
depends on the braking
control signal.
If you move the joystick
back from the STOP position (to P8), the motor rotates backwards. And brake
when you move joystick
forward (to P6).
25 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Divided control BRAKE / THROTTLE
Mode CAR:
one way mode
●►
Mode CAR:
one way mode
One-way Car
brake is on a separate
channel
»●►
THROTTLE
BRAKE
Braking intensity
P11 = P10
P9
P8
P7
STOP
P6
.
fig. 9
fig. 10
The throttle is controlled by the main control channel, brake by auxiliary. If the brake is activated (brake driver / activator is out of neutral, i.e.
outside the STOP position), it is immediately ignored the signal from the throttle channel and the brake starts with the intensity of both set in parameter P22, both the value of the brake signal. If you stop braking, the motor is driven at speed (PWM output ...) by signal corresponding to
the value of throttle signal. Location P7 and P8 on then throttle channel can coalesce to the same value (such as P10 and P1).
Memory select
Controller has 4 memory banks for storage parameters (for 4 different parameters setting).
Default values (company setting) in these memory banks is following: (you can any time come back to these values by button “Default settings”):
-
memory #1
memory #2
memory #3
memory #4
(model 1)…. car bidirectional
(model 2)…. boat bidirectional
(model 3)…. aircraft one way
(model 4)…. aircraft one way,
const. rpm
From the production is pre-set select of
memory #1
Nevertheless you can any time change settings of parameters in these memory banks,
by your own request and needs.
Select memory bank in program Controller 2
and write by button „Write setting“
(available when change some parameter
IMPORTANT:
Change of content of selected memory bank (i.e. parameters values) is possible make only by PC!
To change the "Default basic" to "Default advanced" (and vice versa) are set to all parameters default values !
When you want change some parameter(s), necessary first select memory bank in program „Controller 2“ in which you want make changes. After this selection you can change all parameters by your needs and after pushing button “Write setting” will be these new values of
changed parameters write to selected memory banks.
All changes of any parameter are related to selected memory bank.
Note: No possible make this process in reversal order, i.e. no possible change parameter first and after this select memory bank !
26 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Programmable parameters
Parameters setting by user, including default values for all memory banks (type of driving):
parameter
range
step
Bank #1
Default settings
P1
P3
P2
P69
P5
P4
P33
P90
Memory bank
Basic type of behavior
Direction mode
Control type
Controller start behavior
Control signal
Control signal limits setting lock
Signal limits monitoring
1
4
Bank #2
Default settings
Bank #3
Default settings
Bank #4
Default settings
H
H
H
H
Bank #1
Car
Bidirectional
PWM
safe
Bank #2
Boat
Bidirectional
PWM
safe
Bank #3
Aircraft
One way
PWM
safe
Bank #4
Aircraft
One way
Constant rpm
safe
H
H
H
By HW configuration
By HW configuration
By HW configuration
By HW configuration
Allowed
Yes
Allowed
Yes
Allowed
Yes
Allowed
Yes
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
2,0 ms / 3,15 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,5 ms / 1,65 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
1,0 ms / 0,15 V
Control signal limits-main channel
P6
Full throttle Forward
P7
STOP / Neutral
P8
Full throttle Backward / (Full Brake)
1,6 ms
0,15 V
1,0 ms
0,15 V
0,7 ms
0,15 V
2,3 ms
3,15 V
1,7 ms
3,15 V
1,4 ms
3,15 V
1µs
1mV
1µs
1mV
1µs
1mV
1,6 ms
0,15 V
2,3 ms
3,15 V
1µs
1mV
1,0 ms
0,15 V
0,7 ms
0,15 V
1,7 ms
3,15 V
1,4 ms
3,15 V
1µs
1mV
1µs
1mV
Control signal limits – aux. channel
Full throttle Forward / Full Brake
P9
(for divided control BRAKE / THROTTLE)
P10
STOP / Neutral
P11
Full throttle Backward / (Full Brake)
P12
Neutral throttle range (STOP area)
5%
25%
1%
15%
15%
5%
5%
P13
P41
P53
Throttle terminal points toleration
Enabling input (Gate)
„Reversing or Brake“ Point
1%
25%
0
100
1%
H
1%
5%
off
10
5%
off
10
5%
off
--
5%
off
--
P42
P43
P78
Controller feeding
Number of cells
Battery capacity
1
0,1
250
250
H
1
0,1Ah
Automat 78%
1
0,1
Automat 78%
1
0,1
Automat 78%
1
0,1
Automat 78%
1
0,1
P44
Switch-off voltage / cell
(for P42=UNI)
0,1V
63V
0,1V
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
P45
"empty battery" behavior
H
Power reduction
Power reduction
Power reduction
Power reduction
P77
"empty battery" in advance warning
– alarm when the voltage drops below :
0,1V
63V
0,1V
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
P87
"empty battery" in advance warning
– alarm when battery charge drops below :
0%
50%
1%
20%
20%
20%
20%
P72
Max. power supply voltage
1V
63V
1V
63
63
63
63
P19
Max. current
(% of max. short time current)
10%
100%
1%
100%
100%
100%
100%
P20
Power (PWM) limiting backward
10%
100%
1%
100%
100%
--
--
P46
Motor type
(+Automatic sensor settings)
H
Sensorless
Sensorless
Sensorless
Sensorless
P47
P51
P52
P83
P54
Number of motor poles
Motor PWM frequency
Motor timing
Minimal starting power
Motor basic spin direction
P48
P49
P50
P86
Mechanical gear of the system X:1
Wheel diameter
System Rpm Limit (on output shaft)
Motor Rpm Limit
Table continues on the next page
2
8 kHz
0°
0
60
32 kHz
30
100
2
H
1°
1%
H
2
8 kHz
0°
0
correct
2
8 kHz
0°
0
correct
2
8 kHz
0°
0
correct
2
8 kHz
0°
0
correct
1
1
10
10
600.00
1000
250.000
250.000
0.01
1mm
10
10
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
250.000
250.000
250.000
250.000
250.000
250.000
250.000
250.000
27 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Parameter Table continue
parameter
range
step
Bank #1
Default settings
Bank #2
Default settings
Bank #3
Default settings
Bank #4
Default settings
P16
Acceleration (time from 0% to 100%)
0,1 sec.
60 sec.
0,1
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
P17
Acceleration from STOP position
(only for constant rpm mode)
0,1 sec.
60 sec.
0,1
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
0,1 sec.
0 sec.
0%
60 sec.
60 sec.
100%
0,1
0,1
1%
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec
30%
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec
--
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec
--
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec
--
0%
100%
1%
0%
--
30%
30%
0 sec.
60 sec.
0,1
0,2s
0,2s
0,2s
0,2s
0 sec.
60 sec.
0,1
0,2s
0,2s
0,2s
0,2s
H
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
P82
P18
P22
P23
P25
Cruise Control ramp
Deceleration (time from 100% to 0%)
Brake intensity
Brake intensity in Neutral position
(in STOP position)
Brake Ramp
(time to reach full braking force)
P26
Brake Ramp in Neutral
(time to reach full braking force)
P21
Freewheel
P38
P39
Control signal lost masking period
Brake intensity when signal is lost
P71
BB data-logging period /
real-time Monitoring
P85
Parameters saved to BB, sets+
P28
P29
P30
P31
P32
P37
P36
P88
P89
Motor temperature sensor
Battery temperature sensor
Controller temperature limit
Motor temperature limit
Battery temperature limit
Calibration of motor temp. sensor
Calibration of battery temp. sensor
Throttle – allowed max. limit
Throttle – allowed min. limit
P15
P14
P91
Communication Address
Telemetry
Baud rate of RS 232 / 485
P79
Signal BL-1
P70
P80
Braking resistors control (activation)
Motor beeping (on / off)
P55
P56
P57
PID regulátor - složka P
PID regulátor - složka I
PID regulátor - složka D
0
0
60 sec.
100
10 ms
%
500 ms
0
500 ms
0
500 ms
0
500 ms
0
10 ms
100 ms
H
100 ms
100 ms
100 ms
100 ms
H
basic
basic
basic
basic
H
H
°C
°C
°C
Y/N
Y/N
1mV
1mV
Not monitored
Not monitored
100°C
90°C
55°C
No
No
3200
100
Not monitored
Not monitored
100°C
90°C
55°C
No
No
3200
100
Not monitored
Not monitored
100°C
90°C
55°C
No
No
3200
100
Not monitored
Not monitored
100°C
90°C
55°C
No
No
3200
100
1
H
1
1
off
38400
1
off
38400
1
off
38400
1
off
38400
H
Braking lights
Y/N
Y/N
No
Yes
25
60
40
110
150
70
1000
0
3300
1500
1
256
10 Bd
1 MBd
Indication of
Indication of
Indication of
incoming discharge incoming discharge incoming discharge
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Legend: H - choice from discrete values
With respect to possibility of settings is necessary programming controllers HBC-series range only by PC with operating system Microsoft (Windows
XP, Vista or Windows 7) and USBCOM_4(i) module with s cable CC_11. In your PC must be installed and run program
„Controller 2“. Installation instruction is in manual „Installing and running of program Controller 2“.
Keep in mind default (company) settings of parameters represent only average values. These values are usable as “starting values” for starting
of system (model) testing. In most cases will be necessary many parameters change and adapt for the best behavior of the controller
- respectively of your model – by your images and requests.
Note:
When your requests on parameter range or parameter type, or some other features, don´t realize these standard specification,
contact MGM COMPRO company please.
Most of the above parameters is common to all types of controllers and the types of controls. Some specific parameters are for any type - except that it
is always highlighted in the description of parameters. The settings are also dependent on the specific hardware of a particular type.
28 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Description of all parameters
P1 :
Memory bank – memory choice (choice of pre-defined parameters)
This special parameter makes possible choice of one of four pre-defined settings. Default parameters are defined for these type of driving:




(Bank
(Bank
(Bank
(Bank
#1)car bidirectional
#2)boat bidirectional
#3)aircraft one way
#4)aircraft one way, constant revolution
Nevertheless you can change these parameters (in each memory bank) in any time by your request and needs, for example:
One way controller, voltage driving, constant rpm
(#1)
One way controller, voltage driving, constant torque
(#2)
Bidirectional controller, voltage driving, constant rpm
(#3)
Bidirectional controller, voltage driving, PWM control
(#4)
You can change all parameters by memory bank select, very quickly and easy. Choice of concrete memory bank you can make by program
Controller 2 or by transmitter (any time). Detail description you find in chapter „Memory select“ .
P3: Basic type of behavior
 Car type
 Boat type
 Aircraft type
Together with parameter „P2“ you set one way or bidirectional running for select type of model.
Together with parameter „P69“ you can set “constant revolution mode” or “constant torque”, not only PWM (speed control).
»●►
◄●►
Car one way mode:
Car (motor) may run only forward – when move throttle stick rearward (from neutral position), only brake is activate – car (motor) never run
backward.
Car bidirectional mode:
The motor can rotate both directions, forwards and backwards (to one side or the other). If the motor stops, then move the joystick from the
STOP position (neutral) to the direction of "forward" starts run forward or when movement of the joystick from the STOP position on the other
hand, starts rotate back. If the motor is running already, then move the joystick to the opposite side (through neutral) begin to brake. The
brake is proportional, i.e. the further the joystick from the neutral position, the brake is more intense. The intensity of the maximum braking
position joystick, you can also set in parameter "P22 - brake". During braking, even after the car stops it will stay that way and will not start
up in the opposite direction. Therefore, if you are braking and wish to move in the opposite direction, it is necessary, after stopping, to first
move the throttle stick to neutral and then towards the desired direction. Then will the car move in the desired (opposite) direction (after moving the throttle from neutral forward/backward). Connected brake lights are lit up during braking.
X●► Boat one way mode:
The engine may run only forward – when move throttle stick backward (from neutral position), nothing happened, motor stop – no brake, no
run.
◄●►
Boat bidirectional mode:
The engine may run forward as well as backward. Transition from one direction to opposite, with speeds of deceleration and acceleration set
in parameters „P18 - deceleration“ and „P16 - acceleration“. Function is symmetrical for both directions.
X●► Aircraft one way mode:
Throttle stick moving to forward motor start run. When moved to STOP position, motor stops and brake with preset intensity
(„P23 – brake in Neutral (i.e. STOP) position“) or only stops, without brake, when parameter set to 0.
◄●►
Aircraft bidirectional mode:
Similar to type "boat - bidirectional mode" with the difference that in the STOP position, the brake can be activated with a preset intensity
("P23 - brake in position STOP").
P2: Controller mode
 One way
 Bidirectional
(engine operation is active only in one direction)
(engine can active rotate in both directions)
P69: Control Type
 direct PWM control of the motor
 constant rpm
 constant torque
PWM control:
Linear relationship between driving signal and motor PWM.
Constant rpm:
Linear relationship between driving signal and constant motor rpm (by driving signal).
For details see chapter “Maximal revolution … Settings“.
.
Constant torque:
Linear relationship between driving signal and constant motor torque (0 – 100%). 100% value is max. short time current from table
“Technical data“.
P5: Type of controller start
 Safety start
 Fast start
 Immediate start
(after turn-on controller is always wait for throttle (joystick) to the STOP position and search for external modules)
(after turn-on controller is always wait for throttle (joystick) to the STOP position and don´t search for external modules)
(controller start immediately run motor by current throttle (driving signal) position,
no wait for detection of the external modules on I2C)
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
P4: Control signal
Driving signal can be:
- input PWM (pulse width 1 ÷ 2 ms, period 3.5 ÷ 30 ms, signal pulse level 0 ÷ 3,3V or 0 ÷ 5V)
- voltage 0 up to +3,3V resp. 0 up to +5,0V (or other range)
- potentiometer 1kΩ (resp. 5kΩ or 10kΩ)
- logic signal, value 0 to +3,3V resp. 0 to +5,0V, read contact, etc.
- data transfer
Main channel for control signal by input PWM is port „INP_1“, auxiliary port is „INP_2“
Main channel for control by voltage (or potentiometer) is port „INP_2“, auxiliary port is „INP_1 “
Note:
I)


II)












PWM automat
(throttle limits is necessary set for each turning on controller)
PWM programmed
(controller use saved learned throttle limits)
===========================================================================
(controller always remember throttle limits)
PWM main channel (= input INP_1)
PWM channel 1+2
(main channel + auxiliary channel)
PWM channel 1-2
(main channel - auxiliary channel)
PWM separate throttle / brake
Voltage main channel (=input INP_2) (or potentiometer)
Voltage channel 1+2
(main channel + auxiliary channel)
Voltage channel 1-2
(main channel - auxiliary channel)
Voltage, separate throttle / brake
Logic signal
Data transfer UART (RS-232)/(RS-485)
Data transfer CAN
Data transfer TWI
This parameter coheres with next parameters P6, P7 and P8 , resp. P9, P10 and P11.
I)
In case PWM automat is advantageous because you do not have to set or program anything even when you change the transmitter setting
(on channel throttle) or use different transmitter or receiver (driving signal). The disadvantage is that you have to show the controller the
throttle limits after each turn on of the controller by moving the throttle forwards and backwards, respectively minimal and maximal throttle.
In most cases is better when controller remember real throttle limits. Necessary set this parameter to “PWM Programmed” and learn real
throttle limits by way description for next parameters (P6, P7, P8).
II) In case „PWM main channel“ and next parameters, (i.e. parameters II), under line ====), is necessary directly set values for parameters
P6, P7 a P8, resp. P9, P10 a P11 by program Controller 2. This way parameters set not possible change by some other method (as possible for parameters I). Controller remembered these values.
P33: Control signal limits setting lock (by signal source)
 forbidden
- blocks of unwanted rewriting of throttle limits (blocks “learning” of these values)
 allowed
- permits learning of throttle limits (rewriting of parameters P6, P7, P8) from signal source
P90: Monitoring limits for voltage control
Parameter off limits of the analog input voltage 0.15 V and 3.15 V - when above and below this value, the input voltage is evaluated as "out of
range" (Prohibited area L). Related to monitoring of disconnection control signal / cut potentiometer. When set to "off" prohibited areas are disabled and deactivated and the input signal can be in the full range 0.0 to 3.3 V.


off
on
30 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
P6, P7, P8: Joystick limits, range of control signal – values for Main channel (values in µs (microseconds) or mV (millivolts))
 Full throttle Forward
100% (= 2.0ms for driving PWM or +3.3V (+5.0V / +10V) for driving voltage)
 STOP (Neutral)
0% (~ 1.5ms for driving PWM or ~1.65V (~2.5V resp. ~5.0V) for driving voltage)
 Full throttle Backward
-100% (= 1.0ms for driving PWM or 0.0V for driving voltage) (= full break for forward run)
For correct controller reaction (by your image) is necessary unify throttle range (limits) of your transmitter (range of driving signal) with range throttle limits in your controller. When you change the transmitter or the range of the throttle, or you change the receiver or change any signal
source, you have to set the limits again. This setting (unify) is possible make by these ways:
a) Controller learn real throttle limits directly from your control signal source, potentiometer, … by description in chapter „Throttle limits settings”. This is valid only for first two possibilities of parameter P4 (i.e. parameters I).
b) Set controller’s throttle limits to concrete values by program Controller 2 (or let set default values) – valid for parameters II only. Subsequently you must setup source of control signal (neutral position and endpoints) reconciled to the controller setting - with this step help you
controller’s indication LEDs – exactly show current throttle position.
P9, P10, P11: Joystick limits, range of control signal – values for Aux. channel (values in µs (microseconds) or mV (millivolts))
 Full throttle Forward
100%
(Full Brake for “divided throttle / brake”)
 STOP (Neutral)
0%
(STOP)
 Full throttle Backward
-100%
(= full brake for forward run)
Set controller’s throttle limits to concrete values by program Controller 2 (or let set default values) – valid for parameters II) only. Subsequently
necessary change transmitter throttle limits by transmitter settings or signal source setting (neutral position, end points of throttle stick) to controller settings – with this step help you controller’s indication LEDs – exactly show current throttle position.
Note: In case your signal source (generator, transmitter, etc.) have exact and known values (pulse width or voltage), not necessary “match“
controller settings (parameters P6 – P11) with generator’s values, correct numeric settings is sufficient.
Attention, version with optical isolation of input PWM signal to the shift of the width input signal - in this case, it is preferable to the automatic
learning of the control signal limits.
P12: Neutral throttle range (toleration of the STOP area position ) (value in %)
This parameter is related to previous - this is an area which the controller evaluates as "STOP" (or "neutral"), i.e. the position of the joystick (potentiometer, level control voltage, ...) in which the motor is not rotating (stopped). Too narrow zone may not be reliably evaluated, too wide zone
narrows the area of throttle regulation. With some types of transmitters (signal generators), loosening of throttle potentiometer occurs during operation, which causes different position of neutral for transitions from „throttle forward“ and different from „throttle backward“. This mechanical shortcoming must be eliminated by either setting a significantly higher value of this parameter or even better by fastening the fastening nut of the throttle potentiometer.
When you set too wide zone, all is working correctly, but lost part of regulation range  lower gentle of regulation step.
This setting is meaningful for analog driving signal (input PWM, voltage). In case of data transfer controlling this is not important.
P13: Control signal (throttle, joystick) limit range area (value in %)
Defines provision for terminal points settings for real driving signal. This setting is meaningful for analog driving signal (input PWM, voltage). In
case of data transfer controlling this is not important.
Note: The graphical representation of these two parameters (P12, P13) is in parameter P83.
P41: Motor run Enabling input / Gate (using port TxD as GATE input)
If you need to start / stop motor run independently from the main control input and both control inputs and INP_1 INP_2 are used, you can use the
serial port TxD lines connected in HW as input. This function is then activated by this parameter P41 instead of P4.


Disable
Turn-on – enable/blocking the motor run

Turn-on – enable/blocking the motor run,
inverse logic
-
non active function
engine is running with closed switch (safety input connected to GND)
motor run is blocked for open switch (contact)
engine is running with open switch (contact)
motor run is blocked for closed switch (safety input connected to GND)
For detail see chapter „Enabling engine running by logic signal (function B)“.
P53: „Reversing – OR – Brake“ Point (for cars type of control only) (value in %)
This parameter sets the moment, or rather the speed of rotation at which the joystick move to the other side (through neutral) no longer activate
the brake, but goes directly to run in the opposite direction. It is a condition where the motor is almost (or totally) stopped and speed of the motor
controller is evaluated as "stopped" - and can therefore go in the opposite direction to the rotation.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
P42: Controller feeding (Type of cells / switching-off voltage)
Parameter set type of cells, include standard switch-off voltage. Monitoring each cell is possible select for some type of cells.
Also is possible set switch-off voltage as 78% of value in moment of connection battery.
Next possibility is selection of “universal cell” (UNI), when is possible set any value – this choice includes so much as type of cell, also cells which
are not available in moment of controller production.
▪ Unwatched battery voltage – ATTENTION, with this setting you can damaged battery !!!
(battery must be monitored by some external equipment)
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
Automat 78%
Lipol (3,2V)
Lipol, monitors each cell
A123 (2,5V)
A123, monitors each cell
Nixx (0,8V)
Pb
(1,8V)
UNI universal value
UNI, monitors each cell
▪ Power Supply
-
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 78% of value when connected battery
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 3,2V / cell
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 3,2V / cell (necessary external module)
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 2,5V / cell
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 2,5V / cell (necessary external module)
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 0,8V / cell
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to 1,8V / cell
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to set value
switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to set value
(necessary external module except 25063 and 40063 controller)
– switch-off / power reducing for voltage drop to set value
– ATTENTION, with this setting you must not braking (+must not switch-off freewheel) without
connected and set braking resistors (with power switch) !!! (controller these parameters automatically resize)
Note:
78% Automat mode is useful if you often change the number or type of traction battery cells (you do not have rebuilt settings). The system to work
correctly, it is necessary to always start with a fully charged battery! If this condition is not met, cannot be guaranteed correct disconnected motor
end (turn-off) battery voltage - i.e. if you start with an already partially or fully discharged battery, can significantly over discharge cells and destroy
them (mainly in the case of Lithium cells).
P43: Traction Battery Number of cells
Set used number of cells for Lipol, A123, Nixx, Pb and UNI battery.
Not operate for Automat 78% and Not monitored …. – in these two cases is parameter afield.
P78: Battery capacity (value in Ah)
This enables possibility watch, in real time, discharging main battery in the model by “back data transfer” via Telemetry – as “fuel tank indicator”. It
is also important to specify when using parameter P87, Capacity countdown.
P44: Switch-off voltage for UNI (value in Volts)
Set switch-off voltage for one cell for UNI battery.
P45: Behavior when battery is empty
 Motor stop
 Motor stop with brake
 Power reduction
When the voltage drops to a preset turn-off value can be set either by a gradual reduction in power or off (with the possibility of a new turned on after
moving the joystick to the STOP position if the battery is a little "recover" and its voltage rises again).
P77: "Empty battery" in advance warning by voltage (alarm when battery voltage drops below that …) (value in Volt – overall voltage)
Defines the total battery voltage, which is activated when an external indication to connector ICS-2, the signal BL_1. Appropriate setting can be
done that the notice of impending battery will get well in advance. Please, respect real discharging curves (characteristics) for used battery.
®
TMM controllers MGM COMPRO – early warning indication
U
4.2V
cell
LED flash
Battery voltage for current:
0.5C
2C
10C 20C
3.8V / cell
Early warning voltage set to corresponding value with requested residual
energy – example on picture have set 3.7 V/ cell, green point on blue dotted discharging curve. Please, always respect discharging characteristics of
used battery, see to values on battery producer datasheet. Always use discharging curve for lower current (lowest “C” rate), blue dotted curve for
example on the picture. Residual energy is in this sample ca 10%.
3.7V / cell
3.6V / cell
3.3V / cell
3.0V / cell
Defined residual
energy for BEC
Switching-off voltage set to safety value corresponding with choice battery
type (parameter P42, P43, P44) – example on the picture have set
3.0 V/ cell for Lipol, red point on blue dotted discharging curve (starting value for motor power limitation).
Motor
In regard of unique feature of MGM COMPRO controllers (recalculation of
terminal battery voltage to its internal voltage), is this voltage (≈ residual
energy) almost independent on internal battery resistance as well as on real
battery discharging current, see „Protective and safety mechanism ….“.
We recommend this set voltage (≈ residual energy) check by one discharging cycle on the ground (not during real flight) and verify real value of residual energy, and eventually make little correction by real result.
75% 90% 100%
95%
capacity
[mAh]
Profitable can be association with each cell monitoring, by possibility of setting of parameter P42, Controller feeding.
Note: Some types of batteries (such as A123 or LiFePO4) have extremely flat discharge curve for most of the time of discharge or even negative (end voltage increases). In these cases, early-warning mechanism does not work and can not be used - must use the "Capacity
Countdown" parameter P87.
32 / 60
P87: "Empty battery" in advance warning by charge (alarm when battery charge drops below that …)
(value specified in% of battery capacity specify in P78)
HBC-series V7 LV small types
In some cases it is preferable to monitor the quantity of residual battery energy by integration of discharging current. The system
alerts to residual amount of fuel (energy in the battery) when reach the set value of the residual capacity in %. When drop bellow
set value, indicates that both the controller status output BL_1 (ICS-2 connector, pin 1) and by providing this information to the
connected displays and/or display units. If you do not monitor the state of discharging, enter 0%.
Because the battery capacity varies depending to discharging current and also integration of current consumption is not perfectly accurate, we
recommend the set of experimentally verified and corrected by the actual results.
P72: Max. power supply voltage (value in Volts)
Set max. voltage for choice type „Power Supply“. When voltage exceed this set value, external braking resistor is activated (activates the control
signal for turned on power electronic braking resistors).
P19: Maximal allowed current (limited) (calculated from the maximum short-time current of the controller, the value in%)
This parameter set top value of average motor current (in all cases equal or smaller than nominal controller current). Parameter is defined as
% from max. short-time current. Apply for both directions. Acceleration current peaks are tolerated. (P19=100% is without reduction).
P20: Maximal power Backward – additional motor PWM limiting to rotate in "backward“ direction (% PWM)
Reducing engine power when turning back is an additional limitation of the maximum motor PWM to the set value.
The value is specified as a percentage PWM. (P20=100% = without limitation of the motor PWM backward)
Overall, therefore, backward power limited both by restricting maximum current (P19), and motor PWM limitations, regardless of the current.
Applies the effect (the phenomenon), which occurs first.
Example: for controller 10063 is nominal (=continuous, without time limits) current 100A, short-time current is 140A
P19 = 60%, i.e. current will be reduced to 60% from 140A, i.e. to 98A (value is valid for both direction of motor rotation)
P20 = 50%, i.e. power backward (resp. motor PWM backward) will be reduced to 50% of PWM, if previously does not apply current limitation (P19)
P20 = 100 i.e. current backward will be not additionally reduced (i.e. in this example, for P19=70%, this is 98A).
280%
Starting current peak (280A)
Up to 280% of nominal current
(depend on temperature, etc.)
Max. short time current (140A)
140%
100%
Nominal (max. continuous)
current (100A)
Limited average current 98A ( 70% from 140A )
P46: Motor type + Automatic sensor settings
 Sensorless
 Sensors
 Sensors – Automatic sensors settings
Possible is set sensorless as well as sensor motor (SE version only).
Next possibility is „Automatic sensors settings” include optimization of sensors position. We recommend make this setting first in case of sensor motor. Partly you eliminate problems with no correct phase and sensors connection, partly you optimize sensors position – this is, at least, very recommendation, therefore sensor can be up to 20°out of optimize position inside some motors (and these not optimal position caused worse efficiency).
Procedure of this setting is described in details in chapter „Automatic sensors settings procedure“.
P47: Number of motor poles
This parameter is important for correct computing of mechanical output wheel rpm of the motor. When connect mechanical gear, necessary set
also gear ratio in parameter P48 – necessary for example for helicopters. Without this value is not possible determine correct rpm. Also, if you
need to stabilize or reduce engine speed (rpm), parameters P50, P86, you must specify this parameter correctly
P51: Motor PWM frequency
 Automat
 8 kHz
 10 kHz
 12 kHz
 14 kHz
 16 kHz
 24 kHz
 32 kHz
Using this parameter you set suitable frequency for motor control (PWM).
If you have a regular motor, set the lower frequency (8 - 12 kHz). If your motor requires higher frequency (ironless motors with extreme low inductance), set the corresponding value (for example Tango by Kontronik need 32kHz, no recommend use lower value, etc.). Higher frequency of
motor control means higher switching losses of the controller and the controller is heated up more. This leads to higher cooling demands; eventually it is also necessary to proportionally reduce maximal power (current) of the controller.
Next occasion for higher frequency select (for example 24 kHz) can be audible whistling of some motors under runs.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
P52: Motor timing (value in ° (angle in degrees))
Automatic timing or 0° is recommended settings for most of the motors. We recommend this setting also in cases when motor producers recommend some concrete angel, for example 10° (this is necessary for some other controllers, not MGM compro).
Automatic timing cannot be the best for some sensorless motors working on the border of its power possibility – they can lose synchronization.
In these cases is possible set higher timing 10  25°, this can little bit help. However, in these cases, better is used another motor or sensor version of choice motor.
P83: Minimal starting power
Most of the BLDC and similar motors needs some minimum power to overcome the forces that magnets attract (hold) the rotor to the stator pole
bits. If power supplied to the engine is too small (small movement of joystick, a small control voltage, ...), the engine does not exceed these forces
and cannot spin, just vibrates (jerk) here and there.
By setting suitable value for this parameter is eliminated area of insufficient power and to the engine is supplied minimum power needed to spin.
You will avoid engine vibration here and there in the smallest output. For the higher supplied power (according to the control signal), this parameter also does not apply (is not significant).
+100 %
+100 %
motor PWM
motor PWM
P13
-100 %
Joystick moving
/ control signal
0
P13
-100 %
+100 %
P83
joystick deflection
(control signal)
P13
Joystick moving
/ control signal
P83
-100 %
+100 %
P12
(neutral width)
P13
P83 = 15%
P83 = 0
joystick deflection
(control signal)
P12
(neutral width)
-100 %
P54: Motor basic spin direction (basic direction of rotation)
 Correct
 Please reverse
 By Logic signal (basic revolution direction is possible change by logic signal on inputs, standard is used port RxD)
This parameters sets the desired direction of motor revolutions without having to swap two motor cables, when the motor is turning the other way. The
same effect as swapping of two motor cables (cables swapping is possible only for sensorless motors).
P48: Mechanical gear of the system (overall)
Specifies overall gear ratio of 1: X between the engine output shaft and a mechanical output device (i.e. "for transmission). It is important to correct set (limitation) of the actual mechanical speed of mechanical system, parameter P50.
P50: System rpm limit, for gearbox output shaft (value in rpm)
This parameter allows to monitor (and not to exceed) the maximum speed of mechanical devices (e.g. propeller, etc.). This is a protection against
mechanics damage by too much speed (rpm). The value of the maximum speed can be entered numerically in the program "Controller 2" and is
described in detail in the chapter "Maximal revolution of the output shaft Settings“.
In any combination of the output shaft speed, transmission ratio and the number of poles can not revolutions the engine (as defined for 2-pole of
250.000 rpm) exceed this value.
P86: Motor rpm limit (value in rpm)
This parameter allows to monitor (and not to exceed) the maximum revolutions of the motor shaft (motor protection).
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
P16: Acceleration, increasing of the power (rpm), time from 0% power to 100% (values in milliseconds)
Sets the time (speed) stopped the engine acceleration from 0 to 100% power. Apply in proportion anytime between any levels.
P18: Deceleration, decreasing of the power (rpm), time from 100% power to 0 (values in milliseconds)
Time necessary for decrease rpm from full value to zero (from 100% to 0) when move throttle (joystick) from full throttle position to STOP. This is
important mainly when going from full throttle forward to full throttle backwards (and vice-versa). That is, motor decelerates to zero with the set
speed and then accelerates to the other direction with the speed set in parameter " P16" - acceleration.
If Freewheel parameter („P21“) is set, deceleration is not so strong.
Acceleration / deceleration (without freewheel):
Changing the control signal is slower than corresponds to the acceleration
and deceleration - output (motor) PWM follows the control signal
100%
motor PWM, unloaded motor rpm
∆ = 40%
sec.
Control signal
Joystick (throttle) moving
0,3 sec.
0,5 sec.
Deceleration ramp P18=1,0 sec.
Acceleration ramp P16=0,5 sec.
0%
1,0 sec.
0,5 sec.
Acceleration / deceleration (without freewheel), control type: boat bidirectional:
+100%
motor PWM, unloaded motor rpm
∆ = 40%
sec.
Acceleration ramp
P16=0,5 sec.
Control signal
Joystick (throttle) moving
60%
0,4 sec.
0,2 sec.
Deceleration ramp P18=1,0 sec.
0%
(STOP)
Acceleration ramp P16=0,5 sec.
Motor start to rotate to other side
1,0 sec.
0,5 sec.
0,5 sec.
–100%
P17: Acceleration from STOP position, RPM rise time from 0% to 100% - only for the "constant speed" mode (in milliseconds)
The function can be activated only for constant speed mode. This function is useful if you need to accelerate greater inertia of a complete stop
slower, but if the engine is running, it can accelerate / decelerate faster.
Set the time (speed) acceleration of the stopped motor from 0 to 100% power. This acceleration is valid only for start from STOP position to
achieve value of the control signal. When reaching the stabilization RPM, acceleration ramp switches to value defined in parameter P16, which
remains to stop the engine (up to transition of the control signal to STOP position) – then reactivates P17 value.
If you do not use this function, set the value equal to or less than P16.
100%
Moment of Rpm stabilized
Control signal
Joystick (throttle)
moving
0%
STOP
const. rpm
Acceleration ramp
P17=1,5 sec.
const. rpm
Acceleration
ramp
P16=0,5 sec.
Motor rpm
Deceleration ramp
P18=1,0 sec.
Acceleration ramp
P16=0,5 sec.
Rpm stabilized
const. rpm
STOP
Acceleration ramp P17=1,5 sec.
(stopped motor starts)
35 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
P82: Cruise controls Ramp (values in seconds)
Sets the rate of reaction speed at which the cruise control tries to maintain a set speed.
P22: Brake intensity (for car control type only) (value in %)
Function enables to set the maximal force of proportional brake in the maximal deflection of the joystick (braking intensity) + possibility “no brake”
(suitable for systems with mechanical brake). Set according to your needs. If you wish automatically brake also in neutral, set parameter „P23“,
Brake in Neutral. Function is symmetrical for both directions.
P23: Brake intensity in Neutral (in STOP) position (for Cars and Aircrafts type only) (value in %)
Car
- If you wish to automatically brake when the throttle stick is in Neutral position (STOP position), you may set the intensity of braking. If
you do not wish to brake when in Neutral, set „0“ to this parameter (do not brake when STOP position).
Increase braking force is possible any time by moving throttle stick (by change driving signal) to opposite direction (to max. brake position by P22 setting).
Aircraft - Parameter set braking intensity in STOP position of the throttle + not brake possibility. There is no Brake available (P22), position P7
and P8 joystick align in one)
Boat
- This type of control does not the ability to set the brake, respectively. setting of this parameter is ineffective, for these types of brake
controls is not sense.
P25: Brake Ramp (time to reach full braking force) (value in milliseconds)
Define speed of activation of braking (speed of “actuate brake pedal”).
P26: Brake Ramp in Neutral (time to reach full braking force) (value in milliseconds)
Define speed of activation of automatic braking in Neutral position (in STOP position).
P21: Freewheel
 No
 Yes
 Yes, (no synchro)
(freewheel OFF, no active, synchronous rectification mode ON)
(freewheel ON, with synchronous rectification mode ON)
(freewheel ON, without synchronous rectification)
Operation with turned off freewheel can be compared to a normal car with gear shifting. If you move throttle down, the engine brake active to
new position of the throttle. The more you move throttle down, the more braking intensity. If you move the joystick (throttle) to neutral, the engine
is braking (or stopped) very intensive. The engine basically follows (copies) of the control signal (joystick).
If the freewheel is on, every time the throttle move to a lower value (of course, also to neutral) the engine is disconnected (and don´t braking) up
until the engine inertia slows down the speed corresponding to the new joystick position. Then again, the engine is powered. It is actually electronic equivalent of mechanical freewheel.
In the case of freewheel without synchro behavior is similar to that in the case of "freewheel is on." The difference is that transitions between
connecting / disconnecting the engine can be smoother in some configurations, but efficiency of the controller is little bit worse.
Run with freewheel
Run without freewheel
100 %
motor PWM
motor rpm
Control signal
Joystick (throttle) moving
100 %
Control signal
Joystick (throttle) moving
Unloaded motor rpm
motor PWM
0
čas
0
čas
Control signal
Joystick (throttle) moving
100 %
Unloaded motor rpm
motor PWM
0
čas
36 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Freewheel and Brake, control type Car bidirectional, freewheel active:
Unloaded motor rpm go slowly down bay inertia (freewheel)
+100%
Braking with 40% intensity
Control signal
Joystick (throttle)
moving
Braking with 70% intensity
Braking with 40% intensity
motor PWM
Motor is stopped
0%
(STOP)
0,5 sec.
Motor start to rotate
to other side
Engine speed matches the new settings
of the control signal (throttle)
– 40%
– 70%
The motor is actively braked
–100%
Freewheel, Brake and Brake in Nedutral, control type Car bidirectional, freewheel active:
Unloaded motor rpm go slowly down by inertia (freewheel)
+100%
Braking in Neutral position
with 40% intensity (P23)
Control signal
Joystick (throttle)
moving
Braking with 70% intensity
motor PWM
Motor is stopped
0%
(STOP)
0,5 sec.
Motor start to rotate
to other side
Engine speed matches the new
settings of the control signal (throttle)
– 70%
The motor is actively braked
–100%
P38: Control signal lost masking time (values in milliseconds)
Masking of short driving signal lost. Parameter defines time for which is mask signal lost and keep last correct value of throttle position (i.e. also
power value). After the lapse of this time controller start reduce power (motor rpm), with or without brake. Intensity of braking in this situation is set
in next parameter P39.
P39: Brake intensity when signal is lost (value in %)
Set brake intensity when lost driving signal, after adjusted masking time (P38) from 0% (not brake) to 100% of max. brake.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
P71: BB data logging period (Internal BlackBox record period) / real time Monitoring
The standard write speed is 100 ms. With this rhythms are stored in the memory averaged measured values. Recording time is about 12 minutes.
If you want to write faster (each 10 ms), averaging is faster (fewer samples), rapid of the details are better drawn, but recording time is 10 times
shorter. You can select a record from the beginning or end (last 12 minutes).
You can also data record into the BB off and on "Monitoring", i.e., displaying data in real time on the PC screen via module USBCOM 4(i).




10 ms
record from start
100 ms
record from start
100 ms from end
record of last 12 minutes
BlackBox off, Monitoring in real time enabled
To internal BlackBox (data logger) are saved different data, for details see chapter “Internal Black Box“.
Start of the record:
Joystick moving (control signal)
from the STOP position
after controller is
turned-on
Record Stop:
Overall running time the controller
(controller turned-off)
100 ms from end (last 12 minutes)
100 ms
10 ms
0
1,2
6
12
18
19
Time
(minutes)
P85: Parameters stored to the BlackBox, sets
 Basic set
 alternate 1 set
As the number of values stored into the internal BlackBox is limited, you can choose (select) some measured values to be stored (at the expense
of others). Which it will, this parameter specifies. Stored values are defined here: "The data stored in the record .... “
P28: Motor temperature sensor
Available for sensor motors only.





off
Si diode
10k NTC (by EFRA recommendation)
KTY81-210
KTY84-151
When sensor is not connected, set “off “.
P29: Battery temperature sensor
If your controller may measure battery temperature (only OPTO versions), is possible set sensor type:





off
Si diode
10k NTC
KTY81-210
KTY84-151
When sensor is not connected, set “off “
P30: Controller temperature limit (value in °C)
If for any reason you need to reduce the maximum temperature limit of the controller, enter demand value to this parameter.
P31: Motor temperature limit (value in °C)
If your controller may measure motor temperature (only sensor motor types, marked SE) and you have connect some of defined sensors, you can
set temperature value for which is motor switch-off.
P32: Battery temperature limit (value in °C)
If your controller may measure battery temperature and you have connect some of defined sensors, you can set temperature value for which is
motor switch-off.
P37: Calibration of the motor temperature sensor (value in °C)
For easy replacement of the temperature sensor you can make its calibration at any time. If you specify this parameter in the current ambient
temperature in which the sensor is calibrated (of course after stabilization of temperature), write them into the controller and turn-off and back turnon the controller. If everything went correctly, the controller after this normally works and you can normally run, drive, etc. with calibrated temperature sensor. In case some problem occurs, the situation is indicates on the LEDs.
Can be combined with other parameter settings, i.e. including the present motor temperature sensor calibration can be calibrated the battery temperature sensor, see parameter P36.
Caution - for each memory bank be made separately (possible advantage of different sensors for different settings).
38 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
P36: Calibration of the battery temperature sensor (value in °C)
For easy replacement of the temperature sensor you can make its calibration at any time. If you specify this parameter in the current ambient
temperature in which the sensor is calibrated (of course after stabilization of temperature), write them into the controller and turn-off and back turnon the controller. If everything went correctly, the controller after this normally works and you can normally run, drive, etc. with calibrated temperature sensor. In case some problem occurs, the situation is indicates on the LEDs.
Can be combined with other parameter settings, i.e. including the present battery temperature sensor calibration can be calibrated the motor temperature sensor, see parameter P37.
Caution - for each memory bank be made separately (possible advantage of different sensors for different settings).
P15: Communication address
Defines controller address for bus (RS 485, CAN, I2C) communication. This address must be different from other bus addresses.
P14: Telemetry
Telemetry protocol definition



off
MZK service
Graupner HoTT
P91: Baud rate of RS 232 / 485
Communication speed can be set in the range of 10 Bd to 1MBd . Speed is entered directly numerically in baud rate, I.e. 38400 for the standard
rate of 38,400 baud or 9600 for 9600 baud, etc..
For optically isolated RS 232 TTL speed limit applies to a maximum of 2400 baud. If the line is not optically isolated, restrictions don´t apply.
P79: Signal BL-1
This output signal can be assigned to the several possibilities:




Signaling approaching battery discharge / brake lights !!!!!!
Continuous light
Continuous Flashing
Output "the speed signal"
Signal (pulse) is active in log.1 (+3.3 V). For the “output speed” is generate 1 pulse / 1 electric revolution
P70: Braking resistors control (activation) (on - off)
In case of need braking when controller feeding is from power supply (not from battery), must be connected braking resistors and corresponding
power switch. Driving this switch implement this parameter. In active state (= need power switch ON) diving output is +3.3V. In most cases is
power switching element realized as correct designed power MOSFET with driver. Is not allowed freewheel off and not allowed to use the freewheel with synchro.
P80: Motor beeping (value yes / no)
In case that acoustic indication by the engine is unwanted, beep can be disabled by this parameter.


off
on
P55: PID regulator – part P (xxx)
You can set component P by this parameter and significantly influence the behavior of the PID controller.
P56: PID regulator – part I (xxx)
You can set component I by this parameter and significantly influence the behavior of the PID controller.
P57: PID regulator – part D (xxx)
You can set component D by this parameter and significantly influence the behavior of the PID controller.
39 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Parameters setting / Data reading from controller
To set parameters or reading data from the controller, you need to connect your PC and the controller module USBCOM 4 or USBCOM 4i
(for the controller feeding from the mains power supply), the PC software "Controller 2", which is free to download from our web and on CD
and need connecting cable CC_11.
.
View from
opposite side
HBC-series controller
EFRA connector
B
A
A
C
connector ICS-2
B
to USB port in PC
connector ICS-2
Detail, view „from
motor side“
C
EFRA connector
connect to ICS-2
CC_11
Connection cable CC_11
1) start program Controller 2
2) connect USBCOM 4(i) module to USB port of your PC and connect with controller by CC_11 cable (cable CC_11 is connected to ICS-2
marking connectors, in both equipment)
3) turn on controller by connect to suitable battery (and turn-on switch for version with switch)
4) now you can communicate with controller, read data, change parameters value, write changes parameters etc.
Don´t forget select memory bank first, change parameters after this. Before switch-off write parameters by button “Write setting.
Important: If the controller is feed from the battery, module USBCOM 4 is enough to connect of the controller to the PC. But if you
need use power supply for feeding the controller, you must use module USBCOM 4i, which ensure galvanic isolation of
the controller from the PC. This is necessary because a number of mains power supply (either in PC or others) is not fully correct separated from their chassis (minus their potentials, GND) and is possible measured frequently large voltage
(units to tens of volts). If you apply in this case USBCOM 4 non-insulated module, you risk damaging or destruction as
USBCOM 4 module, as well as also the controller (or USB port on your PC).
Program Window
in the PC screen:
Language select
Main control
parameters
setting area
Parameter value
set as number
„Analog“
value setting
Select from
possibilities
Shift to other parameters
hidden below and up
controller type and
version
40 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Locks of parameters
If you need for parameters that you set (only some or even all) the user could not change value for any reason, you can use a system of locks
parameters. If the window "Settings" click on "Lock settings", you open the window where you can choose which parameter remains open
and which not.
Mark all the parameters you want locked against overwriting
(here P1, P2, P3 and P4), enter " Lock code " and select
"Write settings"“.
From this point are so selected parameters accessible (i.e. can
be change their value) only if you write correct code.
41 / 60
Locked parameters are displayed, but they cannot be changed (up to unlock using the correct code).
Locked parameters have gray box before the number parameter for easy orientation:
Unlocked parameter, you can change its value
HBC-series V7 LV small types
42 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Internal Black Box (flying recorder) – data logger
For correct using of controller’s Black Box, set requested value for „Record period“ (P71). You can choice more quickly record with more details
but shorter record time (each 10 ms, i.e. 100× per second, record time ca 1,2 minutes) or slower and longer record (each 100 ms, i.e. 10× per
second, record time ca 12 minutes).
Don´t remember set correct number of motor poles for correct rpm value, respectively also gear ratio and tires diameter for correct computing
of car speed of rpm on the mechanical gear box output.
Current version record first 12 minutes of flying (run) respectively 1,2 minutes for quick record. Record automatically stopped after this time.
You can also switch the record for the last 12 minutes running the motor (it is always saved the last 12 minutes) – record don´t stopped.
Record start when throttle is moved from STOP position after controller turn-on.
Using an external module LBB_RT be extended recording time to the order of weeks. If this module is connected, data is automatically stored
in it. (§NA)
When you want read recorded data, necessary connect Controller to PC and start program Controller 2.
Choice button „History“ and push „Read history “.
The data reading from the controller are displayed simultaneously to a graph. Chart can be zoom in a separate window (better alternative). Use
the icons in the upper right corner you can select individual parameters to the graph. Each variable can be assigned to the left or right axis
graph (different scales). The curves associated to the right or left vertical axis, whose properties can be adjusted, as appropriate, may be wearing points for better orientation.
At the same time can be selected in the graph (displayed) up to 9 different variables. Graph can be zoomed, and select part and magnified,
magnified graph can move, save to a file in xls format, which is currently stored and parameter settings. Also, it can be stored in hdf format,
which you can always read back into the program and view the graph. To work with chart are available as an option similar to load data from
the controller.
Note: In order to store all data, including parameter settings, you must save the data to a file while the controller is turn-on !
Recorded data see "Data stored in the record to an internal Black Box" to other sides.
Graph to separate window
Read History
Choice History
43 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Read History
Export to Excel file
Setting the properties of
curves, assigning to the left
or right scale, appearance
chart
A new area
selected to zoom
The left vertical
axis (scale)
„Switch-on“ and „switch-off“
selected variables
The right vertical
axis (scale)
Time axis
Enlarged selected area
44 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Evaluation (interpretation) parts of the record:
For greater clarity, the color and scale are changed to images on the previous page.
Here is shows a throttle (input command), the output power in % and current from about 11 to 40 second.
Input request (throttle) – left scale
Output power in % – left scale
10
4
Here it overlaps with violet green
9
1
Neutral
Zero power
8
3
2
7
Current
– right scale
10
6
9
5
8
Zero current
1
2
3
5
partial acceleration (from +42% to +54%) - output power practically follows the input command is a small current peak
throttle defend – current decreases during the reduction of power (rpm) to zero (freewheel on)
aggressive acceleration (from +10% to +100% (4)) - output power (motor PWM ) goes to 100%, current peak is strong
full brake (input command is -100%) – output power goes into negative numbers, the brake is 30% (depending on settings)
– battery current is zero
6 partial brake (input command is -55%) - output power goes into negative numbers, the brake is about 18%
7 neutral – output power is zero
8 ride backward, partial throttle (input command is -75%) - power goes to positive numbers, current flows
9 ride backward, partial throttle (input command is -50%) - power goes to positive numbers, current flows
10 full brake when driving backward (input command is +100%) - output power goes into negative numbers, the brake is 30% (according
to parameters settings) – output power is zero
Note:
negative currents flowing to the battery under braking are not displayed (shows zero current). It is displayed as "negative" output
power in % only.
45 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Data stored in the record to an internal Black Box / The data displayed in real time (Monitoring):
storage / display data
comment
Data:
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
Time
Input command
The supplied power %
Motor speed (×100)
Speed of system (× 100)
sec.
V
A
%
%
rpm
rpm
D8
D9
D10
Peak currenrt
Internal battery voltage
Internal main bus voltage
A
V
V
Peak current flowing through the phases (the controller and motor) in the PWM motor pulse
Internal battery voltage - calculated value from the battery internal resistance and current
The internal voltage of the controller - information for service
D11
D12
D13
D14
D15
D16
D17
Input power of the controller
Car speed
Controller temperature
Motor temperature
Battery temperature
Pulse current
Remaining battery capacity
W
km/h
°C
°C
°C
A
%
Input power the controller - the value calculated from the input voltage and current
Travel speed - calculated value from the engine speed, gear ratio and wheel diameter
Temperature of the controller (power engine part)
The temperature of the engine when the engine temperature sensor integrated in the winding
The temperature of the battery, if the sensor is built into the pack
Calculated peak current value (indicative value only makes sense if you do not display D8)
Shows the remain battery charge in % (the rest of the fuel) - ONLY in MONITORING mode
Input voltage
Input current
Alternative data :
D8-A1 DC / DC converter vcoltage
D9-A1 DC / DC converter current
D10-A1 DC / DC conv. temperature
Time information is recorded in
Average input voltage (traction battery voltage)
Average battery current
Control variables in % (input signal in %)
Value of the PWM motor - gives a very good image of the supplied power *)
Engine speed (engine mechanical rpm)
Speed of system ( for gearbox ), output shaft of gearbox rpm
(if the controller is with internal DC / DC converter )
V
A
°C
Status information :
The output voltage of internal DC / DC converter for external use
The output current of internal DC / DC converter for external use
Internal DC/DC converter temperature
Active = value ~10 / iNactive = value 0
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
Constant speed (rpm)
Cruise Control
Undervoltage
Overcurrent
Controller overheating
Motor overheating
Battery overheating
HW overcurrent
A/N
A/N
A/N
A/N
A/N
A/N
A/N
A/N
Activated by holding constant speed
Indication of activation Cruise control
Activated when the average battery voltage drop below the set value
Activated when exceeding of current limits (from an average currents)
Activated when the controller temperature exceeds the set limit
Activated when the motor temperature exceeds the set limit
Activated when the battery temperature exceeds the set limit
Activating internal HW current fuse (peak value)
S9
HW overvoltage/undervoltage
A/N
Activation if the input voltage drop below the critical limit or increase the voltage above the maximum
allowed value **)
*)
This information gives you a very good image about power reserve of your drive unit. Especially in constant speed mode (if you're on the
limit or you have sufficient reserves), 100% is the maximum.
**)
This information says that there was either a drop of traction voltage below the permitted limit of hardware, or to increase the voltage in
over (above) permitted hardware limits, both for any reason. Measured are here immediate values, not averages.
Important - Alternative data:
If you will record a basic set of data (Dxx) or an alternate set (i.e. data D8–A1 up to D10–A1 instead of data D8 – D10), depending on the parameter P85 ("parameter set BB '). Choice must be entered into the controller before start record.
Data stored during recording to an external Black Box (module LBB_RT) (§NA)
When connected to the controller module LBB_RT (external BlackBox and Real Time), all subsequent values, i.e. both standard Dxx as well as
alternative Dxx-Ax. The recording time is limited only by used micro SD card.
46 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Monitoring (display data in real time)
If you need monitor the values of individual variables and data in real time on a PC monitor (not telemetry, which currently has limited options
for imaging), it is appropriate to use the "Monitoring" data. This allows you to watch all the variables as in the graph (as well as for reading data
recorded Black Box) and the numerical values in separate box also.
To start watching this data, you must:
1)
set in the controller parameter P71 (Internal BlackBox record period) on "Monitoring enabled“
2)
turn-off the controller, disconnect USBCOM 4(i) from the controller
3)
turn-on the controller
4a)
OR
4b)
wait for the initial melody (if P4 is set to "Programmed limits" and that you have correctly programmed input signal limits)
5)
6)
7)
8)
connect USBCOM 4(i) to the controller
select the "Monitoring“
press the button "Start“
wait for completion of the initial communication with the controller
Make sequence to "Start with automatic throttle limits" (in case P4 is set to "Automatic limits") and wait to the initial melody
Now you can watch real-time data. Selecting data in the graph is done as in the case of Black Box.
Likewise, zooming, navigating in a graph, etc. In addition, a separate window with the numerical
values of individual variables is available. Logs can be saved to files, graph picture also.
Save to file
Save graph as picture
MONITORING select
Monitoring Start
Peak current
Battery internal volatge
Display the value of variables
(parameters) in real time
(separate window)
Main bus volatge
Monitored data:
They are the same as the data stored in the BlackBox, see previous page ("Data stored during recording ……..“).
47 / 60
HBC-series V7 LV small types
Throttle limits settings (range of joystick, range of control signals)
To respond the controller to control signal (joystick) exactly by your image, it is necessary to unify end points of the control signal (control signal
limits) generated by the control equipment (potentiometer, etc.) with the values entered or stored in the controller.
There are two ways.
I.
To the parameter P4 "control signal" set " PWM pulse - Automat" (default setting). In this case, the controller does not remember end
points (limits) of the control signal and after each turn-on, controller again must "learn" what the actual limits of the control signal (signal
source). This case is described in detail in the section "Start with automatic limits “.
II. To the parameter P4 "control signal" set the "Programmed". In this case, the controller remembers the end points (limits) of the control signal.
However, it is necessary once controller to "teach" the actual control signal (signal source) limits - this is described below under " Programmed".
When you change the source control signal (or change settings limit the control signal), you must repeat this procedure described in "Start with
automatic limits”.
Programmed: The controller remembers the outer limits set of the control signal. Custom settings (reconciliation between the control signal
and controller settings) can be done in the following ways.
PREFERED WAY:
a) By program „Controller 2“ and setting of your transmitter / signal source
the controller to set the control signal at a specific numerical value, or leave the company (default) values.
Parameter P33 "Setting from transmitter" must be set to "Enabled“.
Parameter P4 "Control signal" is set to "Automat“.
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
0.15 V
(1 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
0.15 V
(1 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
0.15 V
(1 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
Subsequently is necessary set, by transmitter (signal generator) setting, position of the Neutral and max. deflections (end points) for forward
and backward throttle position. Controller’s LEDs indication significantly helps you with setting correct values in your transmitter.
Note:
for signal source without Neutral position set both values (Neutral and Full throttle backward) to the same value by program Controller 2.
1) turn on transmitter with throttle stick on STOP (neutral) position, turn on receiver. Controller is connection to throttle channel or other signal source.
2) turn on controller, wait for blue LED continuous light (not depend on other LEDs) ……………………………….……….
3) change of Neutral position setting (STOP) in your transmitter that yellow LED also continuous light (not blinking) ……
4) move throttle stick to full throttle forward and set your transmitter for continuous light (not blinking) of green LED ……
5) when you have transmitter with neutral position, move throttle to max. throttle backward (max. brake) and set your ….
transmitter for continuous light (not blinking) of red LED
Now in your transmitter (signal generator) are set the same throttle limits (deflections) as values in your controller.
Note: In case your signal source (generator, etc.) have exact and known values (pulse width or voltage), not necessary “match“
controller settings (parameters P6 – P11) with generator’s values, correct numeric settings is sufficient.
Attention, version with optical isolation of input PWM signal to the shift of the width input signal - in this case, it is preferable to the automatic
learning of the control signal limits.
48 / 60
b)
HBC-series V7 LV small types
By control signal source - set corresponding limits at any time direct by the signal source (even without connection to PC).
Parameter P33 "Setting from transmitter" must be set to "Enabled“.
Parameter P4 "Control signal" is set to „Programmed“.
Neutral=STOP
STOP position (NEUTRAL)
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
 Signal sources with NEUTRAL (with lock of STOP position)
forward
backward
(position STOP is identical with the position „Neutral“ )
1) Turn on control signal source with joystick
(potentiometer, control signal, …) in position
„full throttle forward“. Turn on controller.
0.15 V
(1 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
100% backward
Full throttle forward
100% forward
2) Controller short beep 3× by motor, blue LED and
green LED lights.
After 10 seconds controller 3× long beeeps.
♪ ♪ ♪ 
If in this time limit you do not change the control
signal value, the programming process will be finished and the controller will be turned off. Its next
operation is possible after switching off and then
turning it on again.
Full throttle backward
<3 sec.
!
4) If you start moving joystick in this time limit 3 sec. to
max. throttle backward position, controller lights red
LED and after stop in outer position (max. throttle
backward) 2× long beeeps.
5) Controller lights yellow LED (challenge to moving to
STOP position). You have 3 seconds now for moving throttle to Neutral position (=STOP).



10 sec.
3) You have 3 seconds now to move the joystick to
max. throttle backwards (=full brake)


NEUTRÁL
<3 sec.
♪♪
♪

6) Controller confirm correct finishing of this operation
by 1× blink together by red LED, yellow LED and
green LED and play melody.
!

Throttle limits correspond7) Controller starts blinking by blue LED (others
ing with control signal
LEDs not light)  necessary switch-off controller.
Throttle limits of your controller corresponding with throttle limits of your transmitter and controller remember these values.
+1.65 V (1.5 ms) ½ throttle
½ throttle
 Signal sources without NEUTRAL (without lock of STOP position)
(position STOP is identical with the position „Min. throttle “ )
min. throttle
(=STOP)
max. throttle
0.15 V
(1 ms)
1) Turn on control signal source with joystick (potentiometer, control
signal, …) in position „full throttle forward “.Turn on controller.
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
STOP position
100% forward
Full throttle
2) Controller short beep 3× by motor, blue LED and green LED lights.
After 10 seconds controller 3× long beeeps .
♪ ♪ ♪ 



10 sec.
3) You have 3 seconds now to move the throttle to min. throttle (=STOP)
If in this time limit you do not change the control signal value, the
programming process will be finished and the controller will be
turned off. Its next operation is possible after switching off and then
turning it on again.
<3 sec.
!
Min. throttle
4) If you start moving joystick in this time limit 3 sec. to min. throttle
position, controller lights red LED and after stop in outer position
(min. throttle) 2× long beeeps.
5) Controller lights yellow LED (challenge to moving to STOP position).
You have now 3 second for moving throttle to STOP position. Leave Min. throttle
the joystick in position min. throttle (= STOP) at least 3 seconds.
6) Controller confirm correct finishing of this operation by 1× blink
together by red LED, yellow LED, green LED and play melody.
7) Controller starts blinking by blue LED (others LEDs not light)  necessary switch-off controller.
Throttle limits of your controller corresponding with throttle limits of your transmitter and
controller remember these values.


>3 sec.
♪♪
♪


Throttle limits corresponding with control signal
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Start with Automatic throttle limits
In the parameter P4, „Control signal” is set „Automat“, this is also default setting.
Neutral=STOP
STOP position (NEUTRAL)
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
Very helpful information about how controller evaluates the current
position of the throttle stick, give LEDs of the controller.
forward
backward
 Signal sources with NEUTRAL (with lock of STOP position)
(position STOP is identical with the position „Neutral“ )
0.15 V
(1 ms)
NEUTRÁL
100% backward
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
100% forward
1) Turn on control signal source with joystick (potentiometer, control signal, …) in „Neutral“ position (=STOP)
♪
2) Turn on controller, wait for blue LED + yellow LED continuous lights + 1× short beep …………..
wait
3) Controller alternately light yellow LED and
green LED  challenge to moving throttle stick from
“neutral” to “full throttle forward” position.
After finishing of motion light green LED + 3× short beep
4) Controller alternately light green LED and red LED 
challenge to moving throttle stick from “full throttle
forward” position to “full throttle backward” position.
After finishing of motion light red LED + 2× short beep
5) Controller alternately light red LED and yellow LED
 challenge to moving throttle stick from “full throttle
backward” position to “neutral” position.
After finishing of motion light yellow LED + 2× short
beep + play melody
6)
Full throttle forward
♪ ♪ ♪ 
Full throttle backward
♪ ♪ 
NEUTRÁL
♪♪
♪


You can start now (controller is ready to run).
+1.65 V (1.5 ms) ½ throttle
½ throttle
 Signal sources without NEUTRAL (without lock of STOP position)
min. throttle
(=STOP)
max. throttle
(position STOP is identical with the position „Min. throttle “ )
0.15 V
(1 ms)
Min. throttle
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
STOP position
100% forward
1) Turn on control signal source with joystick (potentiometer,
control signal, …) in „Neutral“ position (=STOP))
2) Turn on controller and wait for blue LED + yellow LED continuous lights + 1× short beep
3) Controller alternately light yellow LED and green LED 
challenge to moving throttle stick from “neutral” to “Full
throttle” position.
After finishing of motion light green LED + 3× short beep.
4) Controller alternately light green LED and red LED 
challenge to moving throttle stick from “Full throttle”
position to “Min. throttle” position.
After finishing of motion light red LED + 2× short beep
5) Stay on this “Min. throttle” position (STOP) at least
3 seconds, controller light yellow LED + play melody
6) You can start now (controller is ready to run).
wait
Full throttle
♪
♪ ♪ ♪ 
…
♪ ♪ 
Min. throttle
Min. throttle
>3 sec.
♪♪
♪


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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Start with programmed throttle limits
a) Type of controller’s start (parameter P5) is set to „Safety start“ (default value) or „Fast start“ .
In the parameter P4 „Control signal“ is set “Programmed“ or some possibility of Programmed, parameters II ( under line ====== )
Controller remembers set throttle limits.
STOP position
1) Turn on control signal source. Joystick
(potentiometer, control voltage, …) is in position
STOP:
= neutral for joystick with neutral
= min. throttle for joystick without neutral
NEUTRAL = STOP
MIN = STOP
Signal source with Neutral position
Signal source without Neutral position
STOP position
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
0.15 V
(1 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
100% backward
100% forward
0.15 V
(1 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
STOP position
100% forward
If not the joystick in the STOP position, the controller waits for the joystick (potentiometer, control voltage, …) to move to this position, before the engine cannot run. The controller indicates the position of the joystick by LED indication:
- signal is above neutral position, controller wait for Neutral..…….…….
- signal is bellow neutral position, controller wait for Neutral..………….
2) Turn on controller, wait for blue LED + yellow LED continuous lights + melody …………..
3) You can start now (controller is ready to run).
♪♪
♪

čekej

b) Type of controller’s start (parameter P5) is set to „Immediate start “.
In the parameter P4 „Control signal“ is set “Programmed“ or some possibility of Programmed, parameters II ( under line ====== )
Controller remembers set throttle limits.
Signal source with Neutral position
STOP position
1) Turn on control signal source. Joystick
(potentiometer, control voltage, …) is in any position
(any signal value).
The controller does not check joystick
position (if joystick is in the STOP position)
after turn-on !!!
Signal source without Neutral position
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
0.15 V
(1 ms)
100% backward
+1.65 V (1.5 ms)
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
100% forward
0.15 V
(1 ms)
STOP position
+3.15 V
(2 ms)
100% forward
2) Turn on controller, when lights blue LED + other LEDs by current value of driving signal.
! WARNING ! MOTOR START IMMEDIATELY run with PWM (rpm, torque) corresponding with driving signal
! WARNING!
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Maximal revolution of the output shaft Settings
For setting of Maximal revolution of unloaded motor (view from the motor, not mechanics of the system) necessary make following steps.
Set these parameters values by program Controller 2 (obligatory data):
Parameter P50
Parameter P47
Parameter P48
– max. requested rpm limit (on the gear output), RR
– number of motor poles PP (determined every correct motor producer or you can count magnets, see picture)
– gear ratio of gearbox G
By these steps you have set maximal revolution. This setting is also revolution of 3rd throttle (flight mode ≡3) for HELI mode #2.
MR
MRM
Motor
revolution
Motor
KV – rpm / V
PP – number
of poles
Controller
Supply
voltage U
Number of poles (magnets)
– for this example PP=14
1
2
3
14
RR Output
shaft revolution
(Helicopter’s
rotor), etc..
Gear Box
G=X:1
ER Electric revolution
of the motor
4
Stator
Rotor
We recommend make checking, if controller range of rpm (electric) is sufficient as well as if motor choice is correct:
“Electric revolution“ of the motor is the same as mechanical revolution only for 2-poles motor. Motors with higher number of poles have electric revolution (which must generate controller) proportionally higher (4 poles motor 2x, 6 poles motor 3x, etc.). Controller cannot work with higher revolution than specified in Technical data (for HBC controllers 250.000 rpm).
ER = RR x G x PP/2 (electric revolution)
where: RR
G
PP
– requested mechanical revolution on the output shaft (for example helicopter’s rotor, etc.) [ rpm / V]
– gear ratio of gearbox
– number of poles of the motor
Result must be < 250.000 rpm. In case of result is higher value, necessary lower gear ratio or use motor with lower number of poles.
Example:
requested mechanical revolution on the output shaft RR = 2.000 rpm.
gear ratio is 10 tooth of pinion, 50 tooth of main shaft, i.e. G = 50/10 = 5
number of poles of the motor P = 12
ER = RR x G x PP/2 = 2000 x 5 x 12/2 = 60.000 rpm
Result:
therefore this value 60.000 < 250.000, controller is suitable for this system.
In next step necessary check motor, if requested output revolution is correct with available voltage.
Requested mechanical revolution of the motor:
MR = RR x G
where: RR
G
– requested mechanical revolution on the output shaft (for example helicopter’s rotor) [ rpm / V]
– gear ratio of gearbox
We recommend this revolution no more than 70 - 80% of max. available mechanical revolution of the unloaded motor (MRM). In other case
not assurance that system has enough reserve of the power for reliable stabilization of the requested revolution.
Maximal available mechanical revolution of the unloaded motor:
MRM = KV x U
where: KV
U
– motor revolution [ rpm / V]
– supply voltage [V]
Example:
requested mechanical revolution on the output shaft RR = 2.000 rpm.
gear ratio is 10 tooth of pinion, 50 tooth of main shaft, i.e. G = 50/10 = 5
Motor KV = 800 rpm/V
Max. supply voltage: (6 x Lipol), i.e. U = 25,2 V (charged battery) / U = 19,8 V (discharged battery – last 20% of energy available)
MR = RR x G = 2.000 x 5 = 10.000 rpm
MRM = KV x U = 800 x 25,2 = 20.160 rpm (charged battery)
MRM = KV x U = 800 x 19,8 = 15,840 rpm (discharged battery)
Result:
Therefore requested (MM) 10.000 rpm is lower value than 70 - 80% of max. available revolution (=63%), motor is suitable for this system.
Maximal revolution of the motor Settings
If it is important to limit the engine speed (not the transmission system), you need set only:
Parameter P86
Parameter P47
– max. requested rpm of the motor MR
– number of motor poles PP (see above)
For maximum engine speed of electrical ER are the same as stated above.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Update SW inside the controller (firmware)
When you want make update firmware in you controller to newest available version, you need USBCOM 4 module (or in case of feeding from
power supply USBCOM 4i module – isolated version) and CC_11 cable (the same as for standard programming of parameters).
Controller must be connected to internet.
CC_11
0
Starting sequence for firmware updating follows:
0. Connect USBCOM 4(i) module to PC and Start program Controller 2 first.
Connect controller, but no turn-on yet.
1
2
3
1. Choice button “SYSTEM”
2. Choice “Firmware update”
3. Windows “Firmware update” open
4. Turn-on your speed controller by its switch or applying main voltage.
Your device version as well as available firmware version is displayed.
(If you already had the controller is switched on,
now it must be switched off and on again)
5. Push “Update” button release.
6. Confirm firmware updating
4
5
Yes
6
No
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
7. Updating procedure
start.
8b. when procedure corrupt (communication error etc.), is displayed this message
Necessary start this update again.
7
8a. When procedure correctly
finished, message will
appear. Push OK.
8b
8a
9. Follow next instruction.
10. After restart device (your speed controller), newest version
of its firmware is displayed. Update procedure is complete.
9
10
Note:
You can start updating procedure for unlimited amount of tries, the controller cannot be broken down by failed update, but you have to finish
the update procedure without errors [8a] if you want to use it with motor or parameter settings etc.
When procedure don´t finished correctly [point 8b], controller (device) after next turn-on only slightly lights (glows) by blue LED. Controller
don´t work, not possible set parameters, etc. In this case is necessary this updating procedure repeat !
Note: Please, check also, if newest version of program „Controller 2“ isn’t available. Newest parameters or other changes, which correspond
with new version of the firmware, can be added. Without a corresponding version of program “Controller 2” settings will not work correctly!
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Installation and run program Controller 2
Are very simply and intuitive. Details are described in manual „Installation and controlling of program Controller 2“, follow instructions in
this manual please.
Update of program Controller 2
Update SW version of your program Controller 2 is possible make by two ways.
1. After start program automatically
advice to new version in left upper corner – start update by this
way.
SW before update
1
Choice “Download updates”
and push Update
OR
2
2. You can check if new version is available any time 
click to HELP,
Application update
and
Click for updates
2
3. When is new version available,
click to Yes
3
4
4. Wait for finishing
2
5. Last step is restart, after this you
have newest current version.
5
New SW version
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Controller states indication, Error messages
HBC-series V7 LV small types
(firmware 3.8x and higher)
Controller indicate states by 4 LED and also acoustic by motor beeping.
In this example blue LED blinking, others lights continuously:
♪ short beep  long beeeep
/ blue is light, other is off:
♪ ♪
♪ melody
 

Possible states:
short blink of all LEDs after switch/on controller (check of LED) ……………….
a) correct states (= blue LED lights continuously ):
1
- all is O.K., Controller communicate with the PC ………………………….
2
- all is O.K., but controller without driving signal (all lost driving signal) …
3
- throttle position STOP (neutral) …………………………………….………
4
- signal is above neutral position, controller wait for Neutral..…….…….
5
- signal is bellow neutral position, controller wait for Neutral..………….
6
- partial throttle forward ………………………………………………………
7
- full throttle forward (full power)…..…………………………………………
8
- partial brake when run forward …………………………………………….
9
- full brake when run forward ………………………………………………...
10 - partial throttle backward …………………………………………………….
11 - full throttle backward (full power).………………………………………….
12 - partial brake when run backward ..………………………………………...
13 - full brake when run backward .……………………………………………..
14 - move throttle from neutral to max. forward……………………………….
LED flash alternately
15 - move throttle from max. forward to max. backward.…………………….
LED flash alternately
16 - move throttle from max. backward to neutral ..…………………………..
LED flash alternately
17 - operation is in progress ...……………………………………...……………
mostly just blinks 1×
(Automatic sensor adjustment, set up rotor speed, setting limits according to the transmitter, ….)
When happen some of next states (problems), correct states are not indicated. These not correct states indicated some problem in the system. These states last until switch-off (also its combination).
b) limit operational states (=blue LED not lights ):
20 - power is reduced by high controller temperature..………………………..
21 - motor is switch off by high controller temperature..……..………………..
22 - power is reduced by battery low voltage ………….……………………....
23 - motor is switch off by battery low voltage …..…………………………….
24 - power is reduced by high current peaks ………………………….……….
25 - braking is reduced by high battery internal resistance ………...………..
c) critical and error states (=blue LED blinking + some other LED ):
30 - motor overheating ……………...…………………………………………….
31 - destroy or damaged motor, sensors problem for SE version …………...
LED flash at the same time
32 - battery overheating.…………………………………………………………
33 - free (not used) ………………………..……....……………………………
LED flash at the same time
34 - free (not used)..……………………………………………………………..
35 - current overload …….…………………………………………………….….
LED flash at the same time
36 - damaged HW, call service ….………….………………………….…………
LED flash at the same time
d) special states
40 - RESET state (=only blue LED blinking ) ……………………………..
controller is necessary turn off and on again,
this is required for some settings
41 unfinished firmware update (=Blue light is very weak) .…………..
procedure "Firmware Update“ must be repeated
42 - supply voltage lost or with bad value **) or some problem in HW ………
43 - supply voltage is higher than the allowed limit ! ………………………….
**)
bad soldered connectors, disconnect battery inside, etc. – measure voltage on the supply cables to the controller (red and black), after
main connectors, on the controller side. The most easy by wiretap (inject) by sharp pin or needle and connect voltmeter to these pins.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Sparking prevent when connect higher voltage
When connecting a Li-xxx pack to the controller, strong sparking commonly occurs. Fast charging of the controller filter capacitors causes this.
The higher battery voltage (for the higher the cell count) and/or the lower the internal battery resistance (and the better the quality of the pack)
caused more intensive spark. The better the capacitors in the controller and the higher the capacity of the capacitors, the bigger spark occurs
also. Besides the small shock (due to the sparking), the charging current of the capacitors may be in, extreme cases, so great that damage or
destruction of the capacitors occurs. Solution is simple by using antispark resistor.
How to connect the positive leg or wire (shown here without insulation):
Resistor 20 up to 100 ,
depending on the voltage
Auxiliary connector
Thin auxiliary conductor
Thin auxiliary conductor
To the „+“ of the controller
Soldered together
Power connector
Power conductor
Soldered together
To „+“ of the
battery pack
Power conductor
Connectors as well as the resistor are insulated by heat shrink tubing.
How to connect the battery:
1)
2)
connect the “– “ leg of the battery to the “– “ on the controller.
in the positive circuit, first connect the “+” leg of the controller to the auxiliary connector (to which a resistor with tens of ohms is
connected in serial). This will limit the charging current when connecting the wires and will charge the filter capacitors without sparking.
Small charging current
1
3)
now connect the power wires (sparking will not occur). Main current flow is going through this power connector. You may start the motor
now.
2
High operation current
Note:
There are no special requirements on the auxiliary connector. The current is small (1- 2A) and lasts only for a short time. Resistor value between 20 to 100Ω is depending on the voltage of the battery pack. However, it is not necessary to use these exact values because of wide variation.
for 4 – 8 Lipol use 20Ω - 40Ω
for 8 - 12 Lipol use 50Ω- 100Ω
for 12 - 15 Lipol use 100Ω
Values are not critical and can changed within wide limits. Suitable charging current for capacitor is of the order 1 – 2A.
Resistors 22Ω, 47Ω a 100Ω are included in the controller.
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Additional information
Influence of the battery quality to controller behavior (automatic current reducing).
If the peak current during start and acceleration loaded battery to the point that the voltage has dropped below the minimum controller
voltage, i.e. below about 10V, the controller automatically reduce power (current) to the engine (i.e. the speed ramp-up) so that the battery voltage does not drop below the safe limit.
a)
Battery
Voltage
b)
Battery
Voltage
c)
Battery Voltage
min. voltage level
Current reducing
Current reducing
current
Motor speed (rpm)
time
current
Motor speed (rpm)
time
current
Motor speed (rpm)
time
a) Very quality („hard“) battery, voltage drop is low under load, not start current reduce process
b) Not so “hard” battery (worse quality) or too high load or too short acceleration time – current is reducing during acceleration so that
voltage not dropped under minimum voltage border.
c) Not suitable battery, damaged battery, extremely high load or extremely short acceleration time – current is significantly reducing for
hold battery voltage above minimal voltage border
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
®
Some of Protective and Safety mechanisms of TMM controllers
Controllers mask interference and signal losses for up to defined time in parameters. Motor revolutions are gradually reduced for longer
lasting signal drop outs or interference. When the signal is restored, the controller goes smoothly back to the required power. Long lasting
signal drop out (or its absence) is indicated by LED.
Engine does not start, if the controller does not have the correct control signal. It also does not start after turn-on until the joystick is not in the
"engine off", i.e. in the neutral position (except for the "fast" or "immediate" start).
Temperature fuse of the controller is set to ca 100°C.
Current fuses of the controller have the task of limiting currents at current overload controller.
Monitor voltage circuits are responsible for disconnecting the motor in right moment (or reducing engine power) if the battery is discharged
(or over discharged), as in the case of lithium batteries is usually damaged. It can be advantageously combined with check voltage of each
cell (a separate external module connected to the ICS-2 connector).
Advantages of these mechanisms for TMM® controllers:
1) Thanks to the use of the automatic current fuse (ACF) the possibility of current overload of controller, motor and accumulators (and their
possible damage) even at crisis points is significantly reduced - controller disconnects the motor.
2) the used system of intelligent power reduce (IPR) always ensures through measurements of voltage, currents, accumulator condition and
calculations an optimal point of starting continuous reduction of motor performance (or the point when motor is switched off, according to
the setting), so that the accumulator cells do not get extremely discharged – which is very important specially for Lipol cells. This, not mentioning other advantages, reduces the possibility of reversal of poles of lower cells (applies mainly to NiCd / NiMH cells).
3) the automatic current reduce (ACR) does not allow voltage drop below the threshold voltage of controller under extremely high current load.
When switching the motor off (reducing power) at a solid boundary as it is with standard controllers (chart a) it is not possible to determine the
amount of energy which is kept in the controller after the motor is switched off. It strongly depends on currents and inner resistance of the battery. The better the cells (harder) you have and the smaller the instantaneous current, the less energy (= time) remains for landing after the motor is switched off by the controller. On the other hand, the worse the cells and the higher the instantaneous currents, the more energy remain –
but you do not know how much energy exactly.
Comparing to this, TMM® controllers (chart b) ensures that the remaining energy (after the motor is switched off by the controller) is practically
independent on currents and inner resistance of the battery and it is possible to change its amount for some types of controllers according to
one's needs (higher for gliders, etc.). From the motor operation time view it is usually an insignificant amount of energy, the motor power would
decrease very fast anyway.
®
b) TMM controllers MGM COMPRO, setting for Lipol battery
a) standard controllers determine for Lipol battery
U
U
Battery voltage for current:
4.2V (12.6V)
cell
0.5C
2C
10C 20C
Cut off voltage:
4.2V (12.6V)
cell
Battery voltage for current:
0.5C
2C
10C 20C
Cut off voltage:
(Starting point
of reduce mo3.7V / cell tor power)
3.8V / cell
3.6V / cell (10.8V)
3.6V / cell (10.8V)
3.3V / cell (9.9V)
3.3V / cell (9.9V)
3.0V / cell (9.0V)
3.0V / cell (9.0V)
2.7V / cell (8.1V)
Defined residual
energy
Residual energy for
BEC is very depend on
the actual current
60%
80%
100%
95%
capacity
[mAh]
Regular controllers (even Lipol compatible) have either a solid switching off voltage (for example 3V per cell) or it is possible to set this
value. For example for set boundary 3V per cell the controller is
switch off or it starts to reduce revolutions when this value is reached
no matter how big the drawn current is. This means that the residual energy significantly changes according to a instantaneous
current load of batteries (and also according to inner resistance of
the cells] from 0 to 95 % - depending only on the set voltage boundary. If the example on the graph above is considered with a set
boundary of 3V per cell the controller will switch off when drawn current is 20C when there is still 40% of energy still left, while for 5C current when only 5% of energy is left. For boundary of 3.3V per cell the
controller would switch off for currents of 20C when only few percent
of energy were consumed while for 5C after 92% of energy would be
consumed.
75% 90% 100%
95%
capacity
[mAh]
TMM® controllers handle the situation quite differently. The switching off
voltage is always recalculated into „inner“ voltage of the battery – therefore
is independent on both drawn current as well as inner resistance of the
accumulator. This means the set residual energy is always the same
and does not depend on currents and inner resistance of battery.
Batteries are then always discharged to same level, regardless how big
currents are drawn. The value of set residual energy is therefore only little
dependent on the features of battery and the discharging current. For example for switching voltage 3.7V per cell controller switches off the motor
or starts to reduce revolutions always after 90% of energy is used up no
matter if the drawn current is 20C or 5C.
(The voltage of accumulator after switch of the current always rises to a
value close to curve of 0.5V – this discharging curve is close to „inner“
voltage of battery. This curve describes how much the controller is discharged.
Switching-off voltage:
Thanks to the above described mechanisms, the switching—off voltage (always meant as switching-off voltage per cell !) of TMM® controllers is
independent on the amount of drawn current and the inner resistance of the battery. For each type of cells, switching-off
voltage is preset ( A123 to 2.5V, Lipol to 3.2V, etc.). The controllers also feature possibility to set universal switching-off voltage for existing types of cells and even for those that do not exist today, UNI. This voltage range is 0.1 – 60.0 V/cell.
Development, manufacture, service:
MGM COMPRO, Ing. G. Dvorský
Sv. Čecha 593, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
Tel.: +420 577 001 350
E-mail: mgm@mgm-compro.cz
Info: www.mgm-compro.com
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Accessories
FAN 05 with screws
Power connectors MPJET 2,5 – 3,5 – 5,0
Indication module BL_04D
Indication module BL_04D - detail
For mounting fan(s) to original cooler (on the controller) is possible use only enclosed screws.
Use another type of fan or another screws for mounting to controller is strictly prohibited !
Extended cable EC_2 to ICS-2 connector
Battery temperature sensor (BT)
Extended cable EC_2 to ICS-2 connector – „Y“ type
Communication module USBCOM 4
Connecting cable CC_11
Super brightness LED
with wide viewing
angle
Cable for motor sensors,
EFRA compatible CMS_6 (20 cm)
and
galvanic isolated communication module USBCOM 4i
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HBC-series V7 LV small types
Content of delivery
 Controller in box
 3 antispark resistors
 CD with program Controller 2, with manual and other information
 Printed basic (general) information
 Warranty certificate
Product Warranty
MGM COMPRO guarantees, this product to be free from factory defects in material and workmanship. Warranty period is of 24 months from
date of purchase and purchase within the EU. Warranty for purchases made outside the EU is inline with the respective legal regulations.
Warranty liability shall be limited to repairing or replacing the unit to our original specifications.
The warranty may be claimed under the following conditions:
The product has been used in the coherence with the instructions for use and only for purposes stated in the instructions and provided that
none of the conditions for which the warranty cannot be claimed (see below) occurred.
It is necessary to provide together with the product for repair:




a copy of sales receipt (if a warranty repair is claimed)
detailed description of the problem – how it occurred and what is the problem
description of the RC set you were using when the problem occurred (number of cells, their capacity, motor, throttle, etc.)
your phone number and/or email address in order to allow further consultations regarding the problem
.
The warranty does not cover and therefore cannot be claimed for damages/destroys cause by:
















forced mechanical damage, crash of the model etc.
chemical substances
unqualified manipulation, incorrect installation
any interference with the controller (soldering, change of wires, change components, exposed circuit board etc.)
reversal of poles
disconnecting from the battery (or switch-off) while the motor is still turning
overloading with a higher number of cells than specified
feeding from unspecified source (e.g. mains source instead of the specified cells)
shortcut on the output
overload
overloading BEC, shortcut BEC or servocable to feeding or motor cables
water or any other substances (except "WR" version for water)
salt water
running with damaged motor
operations with not recommended (not suitable) connectors
not following the instruction in the manual or operating in conflict with recommendations or manual
The warranty also does not apply when:




the connectors are cut (servocable etc.)
the controller or its parts are warn by regular use
the plastic cover (shrinking sleeve) is cut or the controller is taken out of it
acts of God (e.g. strike by lightening)
We do reserve the right to change our product warranty at any time without prior notice.
Service and Technical Support
Send product for service to address: MGM COMPRO, Sv. Čecha 593, 760 01 Zlín, Czech republic, EU
Call your questions and requests to: +420 577 001 350 or write on: mgm@mgm-compro.cz .
Information about products, technical notes, news, recommendation: www.mgm-compro.cz
Update firmware and SW on: www.mgm-compro.cz
Recycling
This symbol on the product and / or accompanying documents mean that used electrical and electronic products should not be mixed with
general household waste.
For proper treatment, recovery and recycling, please take these products to designated collection points, where they will be accepted on a free
of charge basis.
Electromagnetic Conformity declaration
For these products of the HBC-series family we confirm that the electromagnetic compatibility directives are met.
Development, manufacture, service:
MGM COMPRO, Ing. G. Dvorský
Sv. Čecha 593, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
Tel.: +420 577 001 350
E-mail: mgm@mgm-compro.cz
Info: www.mgm-compro.com
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