Promise Technology | FastTrak SX4100 | User manual | Promise Technology FastTrak SX4100 User manual

WEBPAM
USER MANUAL
Version 1.5
WebPAM User Manual
Copyright
© 2005 Promise Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Copyright by Promise Technology, Inc. (Promise Technology). No part of this
manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without the expressed,
written permission of Promise Technology.
Trademarks
Promise, and the Promise logo are registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark
Office. All other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Important data protection information
You should back up all data before installing any drive controller or storage
peripheral. Promise Technology is not responsible for any loss of data resulting
from the use, disuse or misuse of this or any other Promise Technology product.
Notice
Although Promise Technology has attempted to ensure the accuracy of the
content of this manual, it is possible that this document may contain technical
inaccuracies, typographical, or other errors. Promise Technology assumes no
liability for any error in this publication, and for damages, whether direct, indirect,
incidental, consequential or otherwise, that may result from such error, including,
but not limited to loss of data or profits.
Promise Technology provides this publication “as is” without warranty of any kind,
either express or implied, including, but not limited to implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
The published information in the manual is subject to change without notice.
Promise Technology reserves the right to make changes in the product design,
layout, and driver revisions without notification to its users.
This version of the User Manual supersedes all previous versions.
Recommendations
In the manual, the appearance of products made by other companies, including,
but not limited to software, servers and disk drives, is for the purpose of
illustration and explanation only. Promise Technology does not recommend,
endorse, prefer or support any product made by another manufacturer.
ii
Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
WebPAM Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
How They Work Together . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
PAM Installation Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Chapter 2: Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Utility Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Java Runtime Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Operating System Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Before You Start... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Install WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Chapter 3: Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Log-in to WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Regular Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Secure Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Access a Host PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Recommended Initial Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Administrator’s Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Utility Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Create a New Logical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Log-out of WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Internet Connection using WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Run WebPAM without Network Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Chapter 4: WebPAM User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Banner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Tree View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Management Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Event Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Log-in to WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Regular Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Secure Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Log-out of WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
iii
WebPAM User Manual
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage, continued
User Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Add a User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Event Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Event Notification Severity Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Delete a User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Change a User’s Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Change a User’s Email Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Change a User’s Access Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Host Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Utility Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
FastTrak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Controller Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Controller Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Controller Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Delete a Scheduled Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Controller Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Physical Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Physical Drive View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Split a Physical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Merge a Physical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Media Patrol Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Physical Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Physical Drive Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Physical Drive Media Patrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Physical Drive Bad Sector Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Locate a Physical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Logical Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Logical Drive View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Create a Logical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
JBOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Delete a Logical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Logical Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Logical Drive Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
Logical Drive Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Logical Drive Migration and Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
On Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Scheduled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Cancel a Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
iv
Contentsn
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage, continued
Logical Drive Rebuild . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
On Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
Scheduled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Cancel a Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Automatic Rebuild . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Synchronize/Redundancy Check All Logical Drives . . . . . . . . .75
Logical Drive Synchronization/Redundancy Check . . . . . . . . .77
On Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Scheduled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Cancel a Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Logical Drive Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Logical Drive Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Logical Drive Critical / Offline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
When a Disk Drive Fails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
Replace the Failed Disk Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Rebuild Your Logical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Enclosures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Enclosure View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Spare Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Spare Drive View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Create a Spare Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Delete a Spare Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Chapter 6: Technology Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Introduction to RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
RAID 0 – Stripe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
RAID 1 – Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
RAID 5 – Block Striping with Distributed Parity . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
RAID 10 – Mirror / Stripe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
JBOD – Single Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Choosing a RAID Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
RAID 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
RAID 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
RAID 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
JBOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Choosing Stripe Block Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Gigabyte Boundary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
v
WebPAM User Manual
Chapter 6: Technology Background, continued
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Hot Spare Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Partition and Format the Logical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Cache Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Migration and Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Ranges of Logical Drive Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Appendix A: Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Appendix B: Partition and Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
vi
Chapter 1: Introduction
•
WebPAM Components (page 2)
•
How They Work Together (page 2)
•
PAM Installation Options (page 3)
•
About This Manual (page 5)
Thank you for purchasing a Promise Technology RAID Controller product. This
Web-based Promise Array Management (WebPAM) browser-based software is
included to improve your RAID Monitoring and Management experience.
Figure 1. WebPAM in a browser window
For more information about the WebPAM Graphic User Interface (GUI), see
Chapter 4 on page 29.
1
WebPAM User Manual
WebPAM Components
There are two components to WebPAM. Depending on your installation. Both can
be on the same workstation or work separately across your network:
Utility Server – The Utility Server runs on the “Host PC”. The Utility Server
software monitors and reports on the condition of the RAID logical drives and
provides a complete set of management tools. It displays a Graphic User
Interface (GUI) on your Internet Browser.
Internet Browser – Typically an Internet browser comes with your operating
system. WebPAM does not include a browser. For computers that will remotely
monitor and manage the RAID, the Internet Browser is the only software
required.
Your Internet Browser provides the means for you to monitor and configure your
Promise RAID products using WebPAM. You can use the most recent versions of
either Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.
How They Work Together
The WebPAM software provides an easy way to set up, monitor, modify and
repair your RAID. WebPAM works with the Promise FastTrak SX series RAID
Controller cards.
WebPAM watches the RAID and when significant events happen, or it discovers
a problem, the Utility Server passes the warning along to all connected PCs.
Warnings appear on the PC in the form of email messages and popup alerts. You
can select either one or both. You can also select which events and problems
WebPAM will report.
A major benefit of WebPAM is that it runs over a TCP/IP network. This enables
remote monitoring of your RAIDs, including offsite monitoring over an Internet
connection.
Once you become aware of a problem, go to the PC that controls the RAID,
called the “Host PC” to take corrective action. If you have more than one RAID
PC on your network, WebPAM will indicate which one has the problem.
2
Chapter 1: Introduction
PAM Installation Options
Following are some examples of ways you can incorporate WebPAM into your
network and RAID systems.
The
Internet
Desktop PC
with Internet
browser
Laptop PC
with Internet
browser
Router & Firewall
File Server with
Utility Server
Networked PC
with Internet browser
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller and
SuperSwap enclosure
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller and
SuperSwap enclosure
Figure 1. LAN and Internet connections.
In the example above, there are three PCs, each with a FastTrak SX Series RAID
Controller card and a connection to the company’s LAN.
Two Host PCs have an optional SuperSwap enclosure with up to four SATA
physical drives.
The WebPAM runs on each of the PCs with a FastTrak Controller. You can
access WebPAM using a networked PC and also on remote a PC connected to
the company network through the Internet. With this arrangement, you can
monitor RAID condition and activity from offsite, such as a hotel room or home
office.
3
WebPAM User Manual
Networked PC
Networked PC
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller and
SuperSwap enclosure
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller and
SuperSwap enclosure
Figure 2. Company LAN without a File Server
In the example above, like the one before, there are three PCs, each with a
FastTrak SX Series RAID Controller card and a connection to the company’s
LAN.
But this network has no file server. The networked PCs access WebPAM through
the network connection directly. If this LAN were upgraded with a suitable router
and an Internet connection, you could set up offsite monitoring.
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller and
SuperSwap enclosure
Figure 3. PCs with Internal RAID
This is the simplest arrangement. All monitoring and management is done on the
RAID PC. No network connection is used. One PC has an optional SuperSwap
enclosure that holds up to four SATA physical drives.
Promise’s FastTrak SX Series Controller card is designed to setup and control a
RAID within the PC’s enclosure. They have the same need of monitoring and
management as an external RAID subsystem. Both WebPAM components run on
the PC itself.
4
Chapter 1: Introduction
About This Manual
This User Manual describes how to setup, use and maintain the Web-based
Promise Array Management (WebPAM) software.
This manual includes a full table of contents, chapter task lists and numerous
cross-references to help you find the specific information you are looking for.
Also included are four levels of notices:
Note
A Note provides helpful information such as hints or alternative
ways of doing a task.
Important
Important calls attention to an essential step or point required to
complete a task. Important items include things often missed.
Caution
A Caution informs you of possible equipment damage or loss of
data and how to avoid them.
Warning
A Warning notifies you of probable equipment damage or loss of
data, or the possibility of physical injury, and how to avoid them.
WebPAM is a software application designed specifically for monitoring and
managing Promise Technology‘s FastTrak SX Series RAID Controller cards.
5
WebPAM User Manual
6
Chapter 2: Installation
•
Utility Server (below)
•
Java Runtime Environment (page 8)
•
Operating System Support (page 8)
•
Before You Start... (page 8)
•
Install WebPAM (page 9)
WebPAM installation software will install two major components:
•
Utility Server – WebPAM RAID monitoring and Networking software
•
Java Runtime Environment (if not previously installed)
Utility Server
The Utility Server installs on the PC with the FastTrak RAID Controller card (the
“Host PC”).
The
Internet
Desktop PC
with Internet
browser
Laptop PC
with Internet
browser
Router & Firewall
File Server with
Utility Server
Networked PC
with Internet browser
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller
Figure 1. WebPAM on a network
7
Host PC with FastTrak
SX Controller
WebPAM User Manual
Java Runtime Environment
If you are planning to use other applications that rely on JRE or JDK, always
install them first before you install WebPAM. WebPAM will use the existing JRE
rather than installing a second one.
WebPAM will install JRE 1.4 on your system unless you already have JRE or JDK
versions 1.3.0 or 1.4.
Operating System Support
On the Host PC where you install the FastTrak controller and WebPAM, Promise
Technology recommends:
•
Windows 2000
•
Windows XP Professional
•
Windows 2003
The Utility Server supports these operating systems. Choose one of them to take
full advantage of all the features of WebPAM.
Before You Start...
In order for WebPAM to install and configure properly, there must be a logical
drive on the FastTrak Controller.
To create a logical drive on the FastTrak Controller:
1.
Exit Windows and reboot your PC.
2.
When the FastTrak BIOS appears, press Ctrl-F to enter the FastBuild menu.
3.
Create a temporary logical drive.
The logical drive will appear as PROMISE LD1 in WebPAM after installation.
4.
Exit the FastBuild utility and allow the PC to finish booting to Windows.
For more detailed instructions on the FastBuild utility, see the FastTrak SX Series
RAID Controller User Manual.
8
Chapter 2: Installation
Install WebPAM
Follow these steps to install WebPAM on your Windows-based PC or Server.
1.
Boot the PC/server and launch Windows.
If the computer is already running, exit all programs.
2.
Insert the software CD into your CD-ROM drive.
3.
Double-click on the Install CD's icon to open it.
4.
Double-click on the Installer icon to launch it (right).
The first WebPAM installation dialog box appears, as shown
below.
5.
When the Introduction screen appears (above), click the Next button.
9
WebPAM User Manual
6.
When the License Agreement appears (above), click the “I accept the terms
of the license agreement” radio button. Then click the Next button.
10
Chapter 2: Installation
7.
When the Choose Install Folder screen appears (above), make your
selection of a folder for the WebPAM applications you are installing. The
default folder is C:\Program Files\Promise\WebPAM 2.0. If you want a
different folder, type its location or click the Browse button and select a new
location.
If you change your mind and want the default location, click on the Back
button, then the Next button.
Click the Next button when you are finished.
11
WebPAM User Manual
8.
When the SSL Security Options screen appears (above), you can check
External Security. An explanation follows.
External SSL Security – Applies security to all connections involving the
Internet or outside your company firewall.
Security options are invisible to authorized users.
Promise Technology provides a default certificate for the server as well as for
internal data communication. However, in some cases it is always better to
install and verify your own certificate for the webserver. And, and if possible,
verify certificate by certificate authority like Verisign or Thwate. See your MIS
Administrator for guidance.
Click the Next button when you have made your choice.
12
Chapter 2: Installation
9.
When the Installation Summary screen appears (above), review your
choices.
To make changes, click the Back button.
To continue, click the Install button.
13
WebPAM User Manual
10. When the Install Complete screen appears (above), the installation process
is finished. Click the Finish button.
14
Chapter 2: Installation
11. When the Install Complete screen appears (above), the installation process
is finished. Click the Finish button to go to the Promise Registration website.
Important
Registration of your VTrak and WebPAM provides useful
information that helps Promise Technologies to offer better
products and support. Please take a few minutes to register.
Thanks!
This completes the WebPAM installation. Go to “Chapter 3: Setup” on page 17.
15
WebPAM User Manual
16
Chapter 3: Setup
•
Log-in to WebPAM (page 17)
•
Access a Host PC (page 19)
•
Recommended Initial Settings (page 20)
•
Create a New Logical Drive (page 22)
•
Log-out of WebPAM (page 27)
•
Internet Connection using WebPAM (page 27)
•
Run WebPAM without Network Connection (page 27)
After installation, the next step is to log into and configure WebPAM PRO.
Log-in to WebPAM
Double-click on the WebPAM icon on your desktop (right). Or,
1.
Launch your Browser.
2.
In the Browser address field, type in the IP address of the Host PC, as
explained below.
If you did not choose the External Security option during WebPAM
installation (see page 12), use the Regular connection.
If you chose the External Security option during WebPAM installation, use
the Secure connection.
Regular Connection
•
WebPAM uses an HTTP connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .http://
•
Enter the Host PC’s IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127.0.0.1
•
Enter the Port number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :8080
•
Add to launch WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /promise
Together, your entry looks like this:
http://127.0.0.1:8080/promise
Secure Connection
•
WebPAM uses a secure HTTP connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .https://
•
Enter the Host PC’s IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127.0.0.1
•
Enter the Port number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :8443
•
Add to launch WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /promise
Together, your entry looks like this:
https://127.0.0.1:8443/promise
17
WebPAM User Manual
Note that the IP address shown above applies to a log-in at the Host PC. When
you log in over a network, you will enter the Host PC’s actual IP address.
3.
When the opening screen appears, type admin in the Login ID field.
Type admin again in the Password field.
The WebPAM login and password are case sensitive.
4.
Click the Sign in button.
Note
Make a Bookmark (Netscape Navigator) or set a Favorite (Internet
Explorer) of the Login Screen so you can access it easily next
time.
18
Chapter 3: Setup
After sign-in, the WebPAM opening screen appears.
Access a Host PC
WebPAM includes a navigation tree or Tree View in the left frame of the browser
window. Click on the + icons to expand the tree. A Host PC’s RAID system is
made up of:
Administrative Tools – User and Host Management and Utility
Configuration
Host – Controller, Physical Drives, Logical Drives, Enclosure, Spare
Drives, Battery (if present)
If you do not see these details in the Tree View and you are connecting over a
network, it means your network connection to the Host PC is not working.
Restore your connection before proceeding.
If you do not see WebPAM at all, lower your browser’s security settings.
19
WebPAM User Manual
A detailed discussion of WebPAM graphic user interface is found in Chapter 4 on
page 29.
Recommended Initial Settings
These settings are recommended and now is the best time to make them. You
can change them later as necessary.
Administrator’s Settings
To make the Administrator’s password and notification settings:
1.
In Tree View, under Administrative Tools, click on the User Management
icon.
2.
In the Management Window, click on the admin link.
3.
Click on the Settings tab.
20
Chapter 3: Setup
4.
If you want to change the default password, type the new password into the
New Password field.
Use up to 8 letters and numbers but no spaces or other characters.
5.
Type the same password into the Retype Password field.
6.
If you plan to set up Event Notification, type the Administrator’s email
address in the Email field.
7.
Click on the Submit button.
If the action was successful, the Management Window will display the
message “Update Success.”
8.
If you plan to set up Event Notification, click on the Settings tab.
The image above was shortened to fit into the available space.
9.
Check the boxes of the notification events that you want to have reported to
you via email and popup messages.
To select events by their severity, check one of the four Select Events boxes
at the top of the window.
10. Click on the Submit button.
For more information about Event Notification, see page 38.
21
WebPAM User Manual
Utility Configuration
If you plan to set up Event Notification, you must make these settings.
1.
In Tree View, under Administrative Tools, click on the Utility Configuration
icon.
2.
Enter the Sender’s address in the Email Sender field.
Be sure the sender has an account in your email system. See your IT
administrator.
3.
Enter your email server in the Email Server field.
4.
Keep or change the Email Subject line.
5.
Click the Submit button when you are done.
Create a New Logical Drive
A logical drive is a collection of physical drives in a RAID. To create a new logical
drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Create tab.
icon.
22
Chapter 3: Setup
3.
Select the radio button beside the RAID level you want for your logical drive.
WebPAM displays the RAID levels you can use with the available disk
drives.
See “Choosing a RAID Level” on page 95 for information about the
advantages and requirements of the available RAID levels.
4.
In the Select Drive Type screen, click on the Free Drives or Manual Selection
radio button.
When you create your first logical drive, either selection results in manual
disk drive selection.
5.
Click the Next button.
23
WebPAM User Manual
6.
If you want to create a logical drive with unused capacity, enter the assigned
(used) capacity in the Logical Drive Size field.
To use the maximum capacity, check the Use Maximum Capacity box.
7.
Click on the disk drives to select them.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
8.
Click the Next button.
9.
Enter a name for the logical drive in the field provided.
10. Click the Next button.
24
Chapter 3: Setup
11. Select a Stripe Block Size from the dropdown menu.
Choose from 32, 64 or 128 KB. The size selected affects how FastTrak
sends and receives data blocks to and from the drives. In general, a larger
block size is better when handling large data transfers (such as A/V editing
and graphics) while a smaller size is better when handling email and other
common server data. The default is 64KB. When in doubt, use the default
value.
12. Select a Write Cache policy from the dropdown menu.
•
Auto Switch – The setting is made automatically. This is the default.
•
Write Back – Increases performance but can result in data loss in the
event of a power failure.
•
Write Through – Slower but more secure.
13. Select a Gigabyte Boundary policy from the dropdown menu.
•
GigaByte Boundary – Rounds the size of the logical drive down to the
nearest whole gigabyte. It allows you to install a slightly smaller (within 1
GB) replacement drive, should the need arise. This is the default.
•
None – No Boundary function.
14. Select an Initialization policy from the dropdown menu.
•
Fast Initialization – Erases the reserve and master boot sectors of the
physical drives being added to the logical drive.
•
Full Initialization – Erases all sectors of the physical drives being
added to the logical drive.
•
None – No initialization. This choice is not recommended.
15. Click the Finish button.
If there are physical drives available, the Select RAID Level screen appears
again, where you can create an additional logical drive.
25
WebPAM User Manual
Click on the Logical Drive
logical drive.
Icon to see all of the information about your new
Before you can use your new logical drive, you must partition and format the
logical drive using your PC’s operating system. See “Appendix B: Partition and
Format” on page 105 for more information.
26
Chapter 3: Setup
Log-out of WebPAM
There are two ways to log out of WebPAM:
•
Close your browser window
•
Click Logout on the WebPAM banner (below)
After logging out, you must enter your username and password to log in again.
Clicking Logout brings you back to the Login Screen.
Internet Connection using WebPAM
The above instructions cover connections between the Host PC and other PCs
using WebPAM over your company network. It is also possible to connect to a
Host PC from the Internet.
Your MIS Administrator can tell you how to access your network from outside the
firewall. Once you are logged onto the network, you can access the Host PC
using its IP address.
Please note that only the Host PC with the FastTrak RAID Controller can read
and write data to the logical drives. However, other PCs can monitor the Host PC
from virtually any location.
Run WebPAM without Network Connection
While WebPAM was designed to run over a network, you can run WebPAM
without a network connection but only from the Host PC. Follow this procedure:
1.
Double-click the WebPAM desktop icon.
Your browser opens and displays a “no connection to the Internet is currently
available” message.
2.
Click the Work Offline button.
3.
In the WebPAM login screen, enter your user name and password (if used),
then click the Sign in button.
A “webpage unavailable while offline” message will display.
4.
Click the Connect button.
A “no connection to the Internet is currently available” message will display.
5.
Click the Try Again button.
After a few moments, WebPAM will display normally in your browser.
27
WebPAM User Manual
28
Chapter 4: WebPAM User Interface
•
Banner (page 30)
•
Tree View (page 30)
•
Management Window (page 32)
•
Event Frame (page 33)
This chapter describes WebPAM’s Graphic User Interface (GUI). You should
understand that WebPAM is software running on top of the Promise RAID BIOS
and other applications that came with your Promise RAID product and your
Internet Browser. WebPAM adds a graphic user interface to make RAID
management functions easier to understand and perform.
Figure 1. The WebPAM Graphic User Interface
29
WebPAM User Manual
Banner
The WebPAM banner appears at the top of your browser window when you are
running Web PAM.
The WebPAM banner enables you to do the following actions:
•
Select the language in which WebPAM displays from the dropdown menu.
Currently, English is the only available language
•
Show or Hide the Event Frame. See Event Frame, below
•
Display Promise Technology contact information including links to the
Promise website and email accounts
•
Log out of WebPAM
•
Display the Main Online Help menu
The banner always appears when your browser displays WebPAM.
Tree View
Administrative Tools
User Management
Host Management
Utility Configuration
Host PC
FastTrak HBA Card
Controller
Physical Drive View
Physical Drives
connected to FastTrak
Logical Drive View
Logical Drive
Enclosure View
SuperSwap Enclosure
Spare Drive View
The purpose of Tree View is Navigation. Tree View appears in the left frame of
the browser window. Click on the + icons to expand the tree.
30
Chapter 4: WebPAM User Interface
A Host PC’s RAID system is made up of:
Administrative Tools – User and Host Management and Utility
Configuration
User Management – Create and Delete Users, Passwords and
Permissions
Host Management – Information on Host PCs
Utility Configuration – Email settings and Event Frame refresh interval
Host – Controller, Physical Drives, Logical Drives, Enclosure and Spare
Drives
FastTrak – Information on the FastTrak RAID Controller card
Controller – Priority settings, Status settings, Scheduled activities,
Lock
Physical Drive View – Information on attached physical
drives, Split/Merge function
Physical Drive – Information on a specific physical drive,
Cache setting, Media Patrol, Bad Sector Log (BSL) and
Drive Locator
Logical Drive View – Information on logical drives, Create
and Delete logical drives
Logical Drives – Information on logical drives, Write
Cache settings, Rebuild and Synchronization functions
Enclosure View – A list of enclosures (one, in most cases)
connected to the FastTrak RAID Controller
Enclosure – Refers operating parameters of the
SuperSwap enclosure including fan speed, temperature
and voltage levels
Spare Drive View – Physical drives assigned as global or
dedicated hot spares
Battery – Information on the cache-backup battery (if
present)
31
WebPAM User Manual
Management Window
The purpose of the Management Window is to monitor and manage your RAID
system. The Management Window appears in the right frame of the browser
window. What appears in the Management Window depends on which Tree View
icon you select.
Figure 2. Management Window as it appears when a logical drive icon is
selected.
In the example above, the Management Window shows the information about a
logical drive because that logical drive’s
icon was selected in Tree View.
Every Management View window has at least one tab, typically the Information
tab. In most cases, there are other tabs each with a particular function that
applies to the RAID component you have selected. In the example above, you
can
•
Click on the Settings tab to change the name of the logical drive or its cache
settings.
•
Click on the Rebuild tab to rebuild a replacement disk drive.
•
Click on the Synchronization tab to set the synchronization policy, set an
automatic synchronization schedule, or begin a manual synchronization
operation.
A full discussion of these and other RAID monitoring and management functions
is included in Chapter 5 on page 35.
32
Chapter 4: WebPAM User Interface
Event Frame
The purpose of the Event Frame is to maintain a log of all events related to your
RAID system. The information is especially helpful for RAID management and
troubleshooting. To see the Event Frame,
Click Show Event from the WebPAM Header (above).
Figure 3. Event Frame appears below the Management Window.
The Event Frame lists 20 per screen. Events are listed by events by Number,
Source (the FastTrak controller), Severity (Information, Warning, Critical), Date
and Time of occurrence and Description.
Click the Prev and Next buttons to move through the Event list. You can also
clear and save the event list as an HTML file, and also display events selected by
severity or data and time.
33
WebPAM User Manual
34
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
•
Log-in to WebPAM (page 35)
•
Controller (page 48)
•
Log-out of WebPAM (page 36)
•
Physical Drives (page 52)
•
User Management (page 37)
•
Logical Drives (page 62)
•
Host Management (page 45)
•
Enclosures (page 83)
•
Utility Configuration (page 46)
•
Spare Drives (page 85)
•
FastTrak (page 47)
•
Battery (page 87)
Log-in to WebPAM
Double-click on the WebPAM icon on your desktop (right). Or,
1.
Launch your Browser.
2.
In the Browser address field, type in the IP address of the Host PC, as
explained below.
If you did not choose the External Security option during WebPAM
installation (see page 12), use the Regular connection.
If you chose the External Security option during WebPAM installation, use
the Secure connection.
Regular Connection
•
WebPAM uses an HTTP connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .http://
•
Enter the Host PC’s IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127.0.0.1
•
Enter the Port number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :8080
•
Add to launch WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /promise
Together, your entry looks like this:
http://127.0.0.1:8080/promise
Secure Connection
•
WebPAM uses a secure HTTP connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .https://
•
Enter the Host PC’s IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127.0.0.1
•
Enter the Port number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :8443
•
Add to launch WebPAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /promise
Together, your entry looks like this:
https://127.0.0.1:8443/promise
35
WebPAM User Manual
Note that the IP address shown above applies to a log-in at the Host PC.
When you log in over a network, you will enter the Host PC’s actual IP
address.
3.
When the opening screen appears, type admin in the Login ID field.
The WebPAM login and password (when used) are case sensitive.
4.
Click the Sign in button.
Log-out of WebPAM
There are two ways to log out of WebPAM PRO:
•
Close your browser window
•
Click Logout on the WebPAM banner (below)
After logging out, you must enter your user name and password to log in again.
Clicking Logout brings you back to the Login Screen.
36
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
User Management
•
Add a User (below)
•
Event Notification (page 38) •
•
•
Delete a User (page 41)
Change a User’s Password (page 41)
Change a User’s Email Address
(page 42)
•
Change a User’s Access Rights
(page 43)
Add a User
1.
In Tree View, click on the User Management
2.
Click on the Create tab.
3.
Type a User ID into the User ID field.
icon.
This will be the User’s login name.
4.
Type the user’s display name into the Display Name field.
This could be the User’s actual name.
5.
Type a password into the Password field.
Use up to 8 letters and numbers but no spaces or other characters.
6.
Type the same password into the Retype Password field.
7.
If you plan to set up Event Notification, type the user’s email address in the
Email field.
37
WebPAM User Manual
8.
Under Host User Rights, check the boxes to select rights for this user.
Right
Creation
9.
Meaning
Permission to create a logical drive and a spare drive
Deletion
Permission to delete a logical drive and a spare drive
Maintenance
Permission to migrate, rebuild and synchronize a logical
drive; to run Media Patrol on a physical drive; make
controller and physical drive settings
Notification
Permission to receive notification of events affecting the
logical drive
Click on the Submit button.
Event Notification
1.
In Tree View, click on the User Management
2.
Click on the User ID link.
3.
Click on the Settings tab.
38
icon.
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
The image above was shortened to fit into the available space.
4.
Check the boxes of the notification events that you want to have reported to
you via email and popup messages.
To select events by their severity, check one of the four Select Events boxes
at the top of the window. See the table on the next page.
5.
Click on the Submit button.
39
WebPAM User Manual
Event Notification Severity Levels
Information Events
Disk Plugged In
Disk BSL Update
Disk BSL Cleared
Disk Error Fixed
Bad Block Remapped
Disk Patrol Progress
Disk Media Patrol Started
Disk Media Patrol Completed
Disk Media Patrol Paused
Disk Media Patrol Resumed
Disk Media Patrol Aborted
Disk Media Patrol Aborted with Error
Array Online
Array Created
Array Deleted
Array Cache Mode Changed
Synchronization Requested
Synchronization Started
Synchronization Completed
Synchronization Paused
Synchronization Resumed
Synchronization Aborted
Synchronization Progress
Redundancy Check Started
Redundancy Check Completed
Redundancy Check Paused
Redundancy Check Resumed
Redundancy Check Aborted
Redundancy Check Progress
Redundancy Check Aborted with Error
Rebuild Started
Rebuild Completed
Rebuild Paused
Rebuild Resumed
Rebuild Aborted
Rebuild Progress
Background Initialization Progress
Background Initialization Started
Background Initialization Completed
Background Initialization Paused
Background Initialization Resumed
Background Initialization Aborted
40
Information Events, continued
Migration Started
Migration Completed
Migration Paused
Migration Resumed
Migration Aborted
Migration Progress
Battery Becomes Normal
Warning Events
Synchronization Aborted with Error
Redundancy Check Rejected
Redundancy Check Inconsistency
Fixed
Rebuild Aborted with Error
Background Initialization Aborted with
Error
Migration Aborted with Error
Battery Temperature Unstable
Battery Voltage Unstable
Battery Not Functioning
Critical Events
Disk Unplugged
Disk Setdown
Disk Timeout
Disk ECC Error
Disk Non-ECC Error
Disk S.M.A.R.T. Error
Array Offline
Array Degrade
Redundancy Check Inconsistency
Found
Redundancy Check Inconsistency
Fixed
Enclosure Fan Error
Enclosure Voltage 3.3 Error
Enclosure Voltage 5 Error
Enclosure Voltage 12 Error
Enclosure Temperature Error
Battery Temperature Error
Battery Voltage Error
Battery Communication Error
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Delete a User
1.
In Tree View, click on the User Management
2.
Click on the Delete tab.
icon.
3.
Check the box to the left of the user you want to delete.
4.
Click the Delete button.
5.
In the Confirmation box, click the OK button.
Change a User’s Password
In WebPAM, each user can change his/her own password. To change a user’s
password:
1.
Log into WebPAM under the User name.
2.
Click on your User ID link.
41
WebPAM User Manual
3.
Type the current password in the Old Password field.
4.
Type a new password in the New Password field.
5.
Retype the new password in the Retype Password field.
6.
Click the Submit button.
Important
If a user forgets his/her password, the Administrator must delete
that User and create a new User, as described above.
Change a User’s Email Address
In WebPAM, each user can change his/her own email address or the
Administrator can do it. To change a user’s email address:
42
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
1.
Click on the User ID link for the user whose email address will change.
2.
Type a new email address in the Email field.
3.
Click the Submit button.
Change a User’s Access Rights
In WebPAM, the Administrator can change a user’s access rights. To change a
user’s access rights:
1.
Log in as the Administrator.
2.
Click on the User ID link for the user whose access rights will change.
43
WebPAM User Manual
3.
Under Host User Rights, check the boxes to select rights for this user.
Right
Creation
Meaning
Permission to create a logical drive and a spare drive
Deletion
Permission to delete a logical drive and a spare drive
Maintenance
Permission to migrate, rebuild and synchronize a logical
drive; to run Media Patrol on a physical drive; make
controller and physical drive settings
Notification
Permission to receive notification of events affecting the
logical drive
4.
Uncheck the boxes of rights to be deleted.
5.
Click the Submit button.
44
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Host Management
This function provides information only. There are no user settings. To access
Host Management:
1.
Under Administrative Tools in Tree View, click on the Host Management
icon.
2.
Under Host List, click on the link to the host you want to see.
The Host PC link always 127.0.0.1.
The Information tab displays with information about the Host PC.
•
WebPAM Version – The version number of the WebPAM software.
•
Display Name – The display name of the Host PC. “localhost” is the default.
•
IP Address – 127.0.0.1 is the IP address of the Host PC, accessed at the
Host PC. Other addresses, such as 192.168.1.184 refer to a Host PC
accessed over the network.
•
Operating System – The Operating System running on the Host PC.
•
Java Virtual Machine – The version number of JVM running on the Host PC.
45
WebPAM User Manual
Utility Configuration
Use this function to make email settings for WebPAM and also to set the
refresh interval for the Event Frame.
1.
Under Administrative Tools in Tree View, click on the Utility Configuration
icon.
2.
Enter the Sender’s address in the Email Sender field.
Be sure the sender has an account in your email system. See your IT
administrator.
3.
Enter your email server in the Email Server field.
4.
Keep or change the Email Subject line.
5.
Type a new interval (in seconds) in the Event Frame Refresh Time field.
30 seconds is the default interval.
6.
Click the Submit button when you are done.
46
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
FastTrak
The FastTrak–Information tab displays a photograph of the FastTrak SX-Series
RAID Controller installed in your system.
A FastTrak SX4100 controller is shown above. WebPAM will display the FastTrak
controller installed in your system.
To display this screen in Management View, click on the FastTrak
View.
icon in Tree
With the screen displayed, move your cursor over key components of the
FastTrak controller card to see a Tool Tip popup message that identifies the
component, as shown above.
If you have multiple FastTrak controller cards in the same system, they will
appear under the FastTrak icon as Controller 1, Controller 2, and so on.
47
WebPAM User Manual
Controller
•
Controller Information (below)
•
Controller Settings (page 49)
•
Controller Schedule (page 50)
•
Controller Lock (page 51)
The term Controller refers to the device that controls your RAID. To access the
controller, click on the Controller
icon in Tree View.
Controller Information
The Information tab displays with information about the controller.
•
Product Name – The Promise product name for this controller.
•
BIOS Version – Version number of the controller’s BIOS.
•
Driver Version – Version number of the controller’s software driver.
•
Memory Size – Size of the controller’s onboard memory in MB.
•
Maximum Number of Ports – The number of ports on the controller.
•
Maximum Physical Drives – The maximum number of physical (disk)
drives the controller can support.
•
Maximum Logical Drives – The maximum number of logical drives (arrays)
the controller can support.
48
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Controller Settings
Click on the Settings tab to access controller settings.
•
Rates – Allocates system resources between the background process (such
as Rebuild, Media Patrol, Expansion/Migration, Initialization and
Synchronization) and the data read/write activity.
A High setting assigns most of the system resources to background
processes. The process will finished sooner but read/write requests are
handled slower.
A Medium setting tries to balance system resources between the
background processes and data input/output activity.
A Low setting assigns most of the system resources to handling read/write
requests. Read/write requests are handled at nearly normal speed while the
background processes take longer.
•
Automatic Rebuild Status – When enabled, and a hot spare drive is
available, a critical or degraded logical drive will rebuild itself automatically.
Automatic Rebuilding applies to RAID 1 and 3-drive RAID 5 logical drives
only.
•
Automatic Rebuild Policy – Selects which physical drives to use as hot
spares: Spare drives and Free drives or designated Spare drives only.
•
Buzzer – When enabled, the FastTrak controller’s buzzer will sound to
report a problem.
•
S.M.A.R.T. Status – SMART, an acronym for Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology, is a feature of the disk drive software. When enabled,
49
WebPAM User Manual
the FastTrak controller polls the disk drives for SMART information and
reports it to you.
•
S.M.A.R.T. Check Polling Interval – The FastTrak controller periodically
polls the physical drives for SMART information and displays it in WebPAM.
Choose an interval from the dropdown menu. The range is 0 to 120 seconds.
A setting of 0 seconds disables the polling function.
Controller Schedule
Click on the Schedule tab to access scheduled background processes (such as
Rebuild, Media Patrol, Expansion/Migration, Initialization and Synchronization).
To access or schedule a Rebuild, Expansion, Migration, Initialization or
Synchronization, click on the Logical Drive
appropriate tab in Management View.
icon in Tree View then select the
To access or schedule a Media Patrol, click on the Physical Drive
View then select the Media Patrol tab in Management View.
Delete a Scheduled Process
To delete a scheduled process:
1.
Click on the Controller
2.
Select the Schedule tab in Management View.
icon in Tree View.
3.
Check the box to the left of the process you want to delete.
50
icon in Tree
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
4.
Click the Delete button.
5.
In the Confirmation box, click the OK button.
Alternative method to delete a scheduled process:
1.
Go to its function tab under the Physical Drive
icon.
2.
Under Schedule, click the Disable radio button.
icon or Logical Drive
Controller Lock
The Lock tab displays lock status and enables you to lock or unlock a subsystem
controller. The locking mechanism isolates the controller during maintenance
operations and other periods when you want to avoid interruption from other
users trying to access the logical drives under this controller.
To lock the Controller on the Host PC:
1.
Click on the Controller
icon in Tree View.
2.
Select the Lock tab in Management View.
3.
From the dropdown menu, select a period of time to hold the lock.
The lock time range is 1 to 30 minutes.
4.
Click on the Lock button to set the lock.
The lock will release itself automatically at the end of the period you
specified.
5.
To release the lock before the scheduled time, click the Unlock button.
51
WebPAM User Manual
Physical Drives
•
Physical Drive View (below)
•
Physical Drive Settings (page 57)
•
Split a Physical Drive (page 53)
•
•
Merge a Physical Drive (page 54)
Physical Drive Media Patrol
(page 58)
•
Media Patrol Schedule (page 55)
•
•
Physical Drive Information
(page 56)
Physical Drive Bad Sector Log
(page 59)
•
Locate a Physical Drive (page 60)
Physical Drive View
To access Physical Drive View, click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree
View. From this window, you can click on the links to access information and
functions of individual physical drives and use the Split and Merge feature.
52
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Split a Physical Drive
The action of splitting a physical drive effectively divides a single physical drive
into two drives. Each of the two portions can be used by separate logical drives.
Notes
•
You can split a physical drive only once.
•
The physical drive must be Free. You cannot split a physical
drive assigned to a Logical Drive, JBOD or Spare.
•
You cannot assign a split drive as a Spare drive.
You can split a physical drive only once.
To split a physical drive:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
2.
Click on the Split tab in Management View.
icon in Tree View.
3.
Enter a portion size in the Split Size field.
You can enter a value from 1 GB up to the capacity of the physical drive. The
value you enter will be the size of the first portion. The remaining drive
capacity will be the size of the second portion.
This value will apply to all physical drives you select for the split operation.
4.
Check the box(es) to the left of the physical drive(s) you want to split.
5.
Click the Submit button.
Click on the Physical Drive
icon to see the results of your split operation.
53
WebPAM User Manual
The image above was shortened to fit into the available space.
In the example above, note that the first portion is 37 GB as specified in the Split
operation. The second portion is the physical drive’s capacity minus the split size
(74.47 – 37.00 = 37.47 GB).
Merge a Physical Drive
The action of merging a physical drive reunites the two portions of a split drive
back into a single physical drive.
The Merge function is not available when either or both portions of the physical
drive are assigned to a logical drive.
To merge a physical drive:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
2.
Click on the Merge tab in Management View.
3.
Check the box(es) to the left of the physical drive(s) you want to merge.
4.
Click the Submit button.
Click on a Physical Drive
icon in Tree View.
icon to see the results of your merge operation.
54
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Media Patrol Schedule
The Physical Drive View–Media Patrol tab allows you to start Media Patrol on all
physical drives. You can also run Media Patrol on individual physical drives, see
page 58.
Media Patrol is a routine maintenance procedure that checks the magnetic media
on each disk drive, sector by sector. Media Patrol checks physical drives
assigned to logical drives, spare drives and currently unassigned physical drives
that were once part of a logical drive or a spare. Media Patrol does not check new
physical drives that have never been configured nor physical drives assigned as
JBOD.
Unlike Synchronization and Redundancy Check, Media Patrol is concerned with
the condition of the media itself, not the data recorded on the media. If Media
Patrol encounters a suspect sector, it will attempt to regenerate the data and
write to the suspect sector. If the write operation is successful, Media Patrol
continues checking other sectors. If the write operation fails, Media Patrol reports
the error to your PC's system log and to the physical drive's Bad Sector Log (see
page 59). This action triggers a BSL update message and an email message if
you enabled that notification option (see page 38).
To schedule Media Patrol:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
2.
Click on the Media Patrol tab in Management View.
icon in Tree View.
3.
Click on the Enable radio button.
4.
Click on the by Day, by Week or by Month radio button.
5.
From the dropdown menus, select a start time and a day of the Week or
Month, if applicable.
Start time is based on a 24-hour clock.
6.
Click the Schedule button.
55
WebPAM User Manual
To cancel the scheduled Media Patrol operation:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Media Patrol tab in Management View.
3.
Click the Disable radio button.
Physical Drive Information
To access information about a physical drive:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
icon in Tree View.
icon.
The information tab displays the following information:
•
Drive Model – The disk drive manufacturer’s model name or number.
•
Serial Number – The serial number of this disk drive.
•
Firmware Version – The version number of the firmware on this disk drive.
•
Enclosure – The model of SuperSwap enclosure in which the disk drive is
installed.
56
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
•
Drive Status – The operational of this disk drive. Functional means normal.
Others include Offline.
•
Background Activity – The current background activity affecting this disk
drive. Idle means no activity. Others include Initializing and Rebuilding.
•
Capacity – The data capacity of this disk drive in GB.
•
Sector – The number of sectors on this disk drive.
•
Head – The number of heads on this disk drive.
•
Cylinder – The number of cylinders on this disk drive.
•
Ultra DMA Mode – The UDMA mode in which this disk drive currently
operates.
•
S.M.A.R.T. Status – SMART, an acronym for Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology, is a feature of the disk drive software. When this
feature is supported, the drive will pass SMART information to the FastTrak
controller when it polls the physical drives.
•
Write Cache Status – Indicates whether the disk drive’s write cache is
Enabled or Disabled. You can change this status under the Settings tab (see
below).
Physical Drive Settings
Physical Drive Settings allows you to enable or disable the Write Cache on an
individual physical drive. To access the physical drive setting:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
3.
Click on the Settings tab in Management View.
4.
Click the Enable or Disable radio button.
5.
Click the Submit button.
icon.
57
WebPAM User Manual
Physical Drive Media Patrol
The Physical Drive–Media Patrol tab allows you to start Media Patrol on an
individual physical drive. You can also run Media Patrol on all physical drives at
the same time, see page 55.
Media Patrol is a routine maintenance procedure that checks the magnetic media
on each disk drive, sector by sector. Media Patrol checks physical drives
assigned to logical drives, spare drives and currently unassigned physical drives
that were once part of a logical drive or a spare. Media Patrol does not check new
physical drives that have never been configured nor physical drives assigned as
JBOD.
Unlike Synchronization and Redundancy Check, Media Patrol is concerned with
the condition of the media itself, not the data recorded on the media. If Media
Patrol encounters a suspect sector, it will attempt to regenerate the data and
write to the suspect sector. If the write operation is successful, Media Patrol
continues checking other sectors. If the write operation fails, Media Patrol reports
the error to your PC's system log and to the physical drive's Bad Sector Log (see
page 59). This action triggers a BSL update message and an email message if
you enabled that notification option (see page 38).
To start Media Patrol immediately:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
3.
Click on the Media Patrol tab in Management View.
4.
Click the Start Now button.
icon.
To schedule Media Patrol to run at a later time:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
icon in Tree View.
icon.
58
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
3.
Click on the Media Patrol tab in Management View.
4.
Click on the Enable radio button.
5.
Click on the by Day, by Week or by Month radio button.
From the dropdown menus, select a start time and a day of the Week or
Month, if applicable.
Start time is based on a 24-hour clock.
6.
Click the Schedule button.
To cancel the scheduled Media Patrol operation:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
3.
Click on the Media Patrol tab in Management View.
icon.
4.
Click the Disable radio button.
Physical Drive Bad Sector Log
On occasion, an error can arise with the media on a physical drive. WebPAM
keeps track of bad sectors in order to inform you of the condition of individual
physical drives.
To access a physical drive’s bad sector log:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
3.
Click on the BSL tab in Management View.
icon.
59
WebPAM User Manual
If any bad sectors are found, they are listed here. WebPAM informs you by popup
and email messages when a bad sector error is logged (see page 38).
After 10 bad sectors have been discovered on a physical drive, WebPAM issues
a warning to replace the drive.
After 20 bad sectors have been discovered:
•
On fault-tolerant (RAID 1, 5 or 10) logical drives, the FastTrak controller will
set down the physical drive (take it offline) and the logical drive will go
critical.
•
On non-fault-tolerant (RAID 0) logical drives, the physical drive remains
online.
Replace the physical drive and rebuild your logical drive.
Backup your data, replace the physical drive, create a new logical drive and
copy your data to it.
See “Logical Drive Rebuild” on page 73 and “Logical Drive Critical / Offline” on
page 79.
See the FastTrak User Manual and SuperSwap User Manual for more
information about replacing a physical drive.
Locate a Physical Drive
When it becomes necessary to access a physical drive installed in a SuperSwap
enclosure, this function will help you identify the physical drive you want. To
locate a physical drive:
1.
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Physical Drive
3.
Click on the Locate Drive tab in Management View.
icon.
60
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
4.
Click the Locate Drive button.
The Management Window will display the message “Identified started” and the
Status LED for this physical drive will flash rapidly on the SuperSwap enclosure.
If you remove the physical drive, the Status LED stops blinking, the Activity LED
goes dark and WebPAM will report that the physical drive was unplugged. When
you replace the drive, the LEDs will return to normal operation.
If you do not remove the physical drive, click on the Located Release button to
stop the Status LED from blinking. For more information, see the SuperSwap
User Manual.
61
WebPAM User Manual
Logical Drives
•
Logical Drive View (below)
•
Logical Drive Rebuild (page 73)
•
Create a Logical Drive (page 62)
•
•
JBOD (page 66)
Synchronize/Redundancy Check
All Logical Drives (page 75)
•
Delete a Logical Drive (page 67)
•
•
Logical Drive Information (page 67)
Logical Drive Synchronization/
Redundancy Check (page 77)
•
Logical Drive Settings (page 68)
•
Logical Drive Initialization
(page 79)
•
Logical Drive Mapping (page 69)
•
Logical Drive Activation (page 79)
•
Logical Drive Migration and
Expansion (page 69)
Logical Drive View
Logical Drive View provides a list of all logical drives currently on the Host PC. To
access Logical Drive View, click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
From this screen, you can click on the links to access information and functions
of individual logical drives and use the Create and Delete features.
Create a Logical Drive
A logical drive is a collection of physical drives in a RAID.
To create a new logical drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Create tab.
icon.
62
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
3.
Select the radio button beside the RAID level you want for your logical drive.
WebPAM displays the RAID levels you can use with the available disk
drives. You can also select JBOD on this screen.
See page 95 for information about the advantages and requirements of the
available RAID levels and JBOD.
4.
In the Select Drive Type screen, click on the radio button for one of the
following:
•
Free Drives – Select all Free (unassigned) disk drives
•
Logical Drive – Select the Free portion of disk drives whose other
portion is assigned to a Logical Drive
•
Manual Selection – Select your disk drives manually
The available choices depend on the RAID level you selected and the disk
drives available.
5.
Click the Next button.
63
WebPAM User Manual
6.
If you want to create a logical drive with unused capacity, enter the assigned
(used) capacity in the Logical Drive Size field.
To use the maximum capacity, check the Use Maximum Capacity box.
7.
Click on the disk drives to select them.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
8.
Click the Next button.
If you selected JBOD, click the Finish button on the Select Drives screen.
This completes the creation process for JBOD.
9.
Enter a name for the logical drive in the field provided.
10. Click the Next button.
64
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
11. Select a Stripe Block Size from the dropdown menu.
Choose from 32, 64 or 128 KB. The size selected affects how FastTrak
sends and receives data blocks to and from the drives. In general, a larger
block size is better when handling large data transfers (such as A/V editing
and graphics) while a smaller size is better when handling email and other
common server data. The default is 64KB. When in doubt, use the default
value.
12. Select a Write Cache policy from the dropdown menu.
•
Auto Switch – The setting is made automatically. This is the default.
•
Write Back – Increases performance but can result in data loss in the
event of a power failure.
•
Write Through – Slower but more secure.
13. Select a Gigabyte Boundary policy from the dropdown menu.
•
GigaByte Boundary – Rounds the size of the logical drive down to the
nearest whole gigabyte. It allows you to install a slightly smaller (within 1
GB) replacement drive, should the need arise. This is the default.
•
None – No Boundary function.
14. Select an Initialization policy from the dropdown menu.
•
Fast Initialization – Erases the reserve and master boot sectors of the
physical drives being added to the logical drive.
•
Full Initialization – Erases all sectors of the physical drives being
added to the logical drive.
•
None – No initialization. This choice is not recommended.
15. Click the Finish button.
65
WebPAM User Manual
If there are physical drives available, the Select RAID Level screen appears
again, where you can create an additional logical drive.
Click on the Logical Drive
logical drive.
Icon to see all of the information about your new
Before you can use your new logical drive, you must partition and format the
logical drive using your PC’s operating system. See “Appendix B: Partition and
Format” on page 105 for more information.
JBOD
In WebPAM, JBOD is created, managed and deleted the same as a logical drive.
You can also use the FastTrak BIOS for this purpose. See the FastTrak User
Manual for more information on the BIOS.
JBODs do not have Settings, Rebuild, Migration, Synchronization or other
functions that pertain to Logical Drives.
66
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
If you attach a physical drive that was initialized using Windows disk
management, that drive will be automatically recognized as a JBOD by the
FastTrak controller and WebPAM.
Delete a Logical Drive
Warning
When you delete a logical drive, you delete all data on the logical
drive. Be sure to backup any important data before you delete a
logical drive!
To delete a logical drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Select the Delete tab.
icon.
3.
Check the box to the left of the logical drive you want to delete.
4.
Click the Submit button.
5.
In the Confirmation box, click the OK button.
6.
In the Warning box, click the OK button.
The selected logical drive is deleted.
Logical Drive Information
Logical Drive View provides a list of all logical drives currently on the Host PC. To
access Logical Drive View:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
icon in Tree View.
icon of the logical drive you want to see.
67
WebPAM User Manual
From this screen, you can click on the links to access the Settings, Drive
Mapping, Migration, Rebuild, Synchronization, Initialization and Activation
features. The features that apply to this logical drive have blue tabs. Features
that do not apply have grayed tabs.
Logical Drive Settings
Logical Drive Settings allows you to assign a name to a logical drive and to
change its controller cache settings. To access logical drive settings:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Settings tab in Management View.
icon of the logical drive you want to see.
4.
Enter a name in the Assigned Name field, as desired.
5.
Click the radio button to select Write Through or Write Behind cache status.
68
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
6.
•
Write Back – Increases performance but can result in data loss in the
event of a power failure. This is the default.
•
Write Through – Slower but more secure.
Click the Submit button when you are done.
Logical Drive Mapping
This feature applies to RAID 10 logical drives only. To access logical drive
settings:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Drive Mapping tab in Management View.
icon of the logical drive you want to see.
The Drive Mapping tab shows how the stripe an mirror components of the RAID
10 logical drive are mapped to the physical drives.
Logical Drive Migration and Expansion
The Logical Drive–Migration tab enables you to migrate or expand a logical drive.
Migration is the process of changing the RAID level of an existing logical drive.
Expansion is the process of adding more physical drives to a logical drive while
keeping the same RAID level.
Migration and Expansion are not available for JBOD.
The Migration feature applies to certain combinations of RAID level and number
of physical drives, as described in the table below.
69
WebPAM User Manual
From
RAID 0: 1 or 2 drives
To
Result
RAID 5: 3 or 4 drives
RAID 10: 4 drives
Increased performance
and capacity, adds
redundancy
RAID 0: 3 drives
RAID 5: 4 drives
Increased performance
and capacity, adds
redundancy
RAID 1: 2 drives
RAID 5: 3 or 4 drives
RAID 10: 4 drives
Increased performance
and capacity
RAID 5: 4 drives
Increased capacity
RAID 10: 4 drives
The Expansion feature applies only to RAID 0 and RAID 5 arrays. You can add
physical drives as described in the table below.
From
To
Result
RAID 0: 1 drive
RAID 0: 2, 3 or 4 drives Increased capacity
RAID 0: 2 drives
RAID 0: 3 or 4 drives
Increased capacity
RAID 0: 3 drives
RAID 0: 4 drives
Increased capacity
RAID 5: 3 drives
RAID 5: 4 drives
Increased capacity
For more information, see “Migration and Expansion” on page 99.
You can set up an Migration to begin immediately (on demand) or schedule a
Migration for a time when there is less demand on the RAID system.
On Demand
To migrate a logical drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
icon in Tree View.
icon of the logical drive you want to migrate.
70
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
3.
Click on the Migration tab in Management View.
4.
If the Migration or Expansion requires additional physical drives, click on a
free physical drive to select it.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
5.
Click the Start Now button.
You can monitor Migration or Expansion progress on the Logical Drive Migration
tab. Click the respective buttons to pause and resume the Migration.
Scheduled
To schedule a Migration or Expansion:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
expand.
icon in Tree View.
icon of the logical drive you want to migrate or
71
WebPAM User Manual
3.
Click on the Migration tab in Management View.
4.
Click on a free physical drive to select it.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
5.
Click on the Enable radio button.
6.
From the dropdown menus, select a start time.
Start time is based on a 24-hour clock.
7.
Click in Start At field to display a popup calendar.
8.
Click on the start date in the calendar or enter a date manually.
9.
Click the Schedule button.
Cancel a Schedule
If you want to cancel the scheduled Migration, do the following:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Migration tab in Management View.
4.
Click on the Disable radio button.
icon.
72
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Logical Drive Rebuild
Rebuild refers to the process of repairing a logical drive by reconstruction the
data on one of its physical drives.This feature only applies to logical drives with
redundancy, RAID 1, RAID 5 and RAID 10.
You can set up a Rebuild to:
•
Begin immediately (on demand)
•
Schedule a Rebuild for a time when there is less demand on the RAID
system
•
Begin automatically when a logical drive goes critical or degraded (see
“Create a Spare Drive” on page 85)
On Demand
To rebuild a logical drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Rebuild tab in Management View.
4.
Select the logical drive you want to rebuild.
icon of the logical drive you want to rebuild.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
5.
Click the Start Now button.
73
WebPAM User Manual
You can monitor Rebuild progress on the Logical Drive Rebuild tab. Click the
respective buttons to pause and resume the Rebuild.
Scheduled
To schedule a Rebuild:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Rebuild tab in Management View.
4.
Select the physical drive you want to rebuild.
icon of the logical drive you want to rebuild.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
5.
Click on the Enable radio button.
74
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
6.
From the dropdown menus, select a start time.
Start time is based on a 24-hour clock.
7.
Click in Start At field to display a popup calendar.
8.
Click on the start date in the calendar or enter a date manually.
9.
Click the Schedule button.
Cancel a Schedule
If you want to cancel the scheduled Rebuild, do the following:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Rebuild tab in Management View.
4.
Click on the Disable radio button.
icon.
Automatic Rebuild
Automatic rebuilding of a logical drive is possible under the following conditions:
•
The logical drive is a RAID 1 or a 3-drive RAID 5.
See “Create a Logical Drive” on page 62.
•
There is a spare drive present in the RAID system.
See “Create a Spare Drive” on page 85.
•
Automatic Rebuild Status is enabled in the Controller Settings.
See “Controller Settings” on page 49.
If the three above conditions are met, a logical drive will replace a faulty disk
drive and rebuild itself automatically. WebPAM will report the critical logical drive
and automatic rebuild in its user interface as well as via popup messages.
Depending on your Event Notification settings (see page 38), WebPAM can also
notify you via email message.
When the automatic rebuild operation is completed, you must remove and
replace the faulty physical drive with a new one.
See “Replace the Failed Disk Drive” on page 81 and the FastTrak User Manual
and SuperSwap User Manual for more information on replacing a physical drive.
Synchronize/Redundancy Check All Logical Drives
The Logical Drive View–Synchronization Schedule tab enables you to
synchronize all logical drives. You can also synchronize an individual logical
drive, see page 77.
Synchronization refers to an automated process of checking and correcting data
and parity. Unlike a Rebuild, Synchronization is a maintenance operation.
75
WebPAM User Manual
Redundancy Check is an automated process of checking data and parity but it
only reports and does not correct, any inconsistencies that it finds.
Synchronization and Redundancy Check apply to RAID 1, RAID 5 and RAID 10
logical drives. When an logical drive is first created and you select Full
Initialization, the same action as Synchronization takes place.
To schedule Synchronization for all logical drives:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Synchronization Schedule tab in Management View.
icon in Tree View.
3.
In the Policy dropdown menu, select Fix if you want Synchronization or
Redundancy Check if you do not want to correct inconsistencies.
4.
Click on the Enable radio button.
5.
Click on the by Day, by Week or by Month radio button.
6.
From the dropdown menus, select a start time and a day of the Week or
Month, if applicable.
Start time is based on a 24-hour clock.
7.
Click the Schedule button.
If you want to cancel the scheduled Synchronization, do the following:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Synchronization tab in Management View.
icon in Tree View.
3.
Click on the Disable radio button.
76
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Logical Drive Synchronization/Redundancy Check
Synchronization refers to an automated process of checking and correcting data
and parity. Unlike a Rebuild, Synchronization is a maintenance operation. You
can also synchronize all logical drives at the same time, see page 75.
Redundancy Check is an automated process of checking data and parity but it
only reports and does not correct, any inconsistencies that it finds.
Synchronization and Redundancy Check apply to RAID 1, RAID 5 and RAID 10
logical drives. When an logical drive is first created and you select Full
Initialization, the same action as Synchronization takes place.
You can set up a Synchronization or Redundancy Check to begin immediately
(on demand) or schedule a Synchronization or Redundancy Check for a time
when there is less demand on the RAID system.
On Demand
To Synchronize or Redundancy Check a logical drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
synchronize.
3.
Click on the Synchronization tab in Management View.
4.
In the Policy dropdown menu, select Fix if you want Synchronization or
Redundancy Check if you do not want to correct inconsistencies.
5.
Click the Start Now button.
icon of the logical drive you want to
77
WebPAM User Manual
You can monitor Migration progress on the Logical Drive Migration tab. Click the
respective buttons to pause, resume or abort the Synchronization or Redundancy
Check.
Scheduled
To schedule a Synchronization or Redundancy Check:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
synchronize.
3.
Click on the Synchronization tab in Management View.
4.
In the Policy dropdown menu, select Fix if you want Synchronization or
Redundancy Check if you do not want to correct inconsistencies.
5.
Click on the Enable radio button.
icon of the logical drive you want to
6.
Click on the by Day, by Week or by Month radio button.
7.
From the dropdown menus, select a start time and a day of the Week or
Month, if applicable.
Start time is based on a 24-hour clock.
8.
Click the Schedule button.
Cancel a Schedule
If you want to cancel the scheduled Synchronization or Redundancy Check, do
the following:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
icon in Tree View.
icon.
78
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
3.
Click on the Synchronization tab in Management View.
4.
Click on the Disable radio button.
Logical Drive Initialization
When logical drive is first created, you can select one of three choices for
initialization:
•
Quick Initialization – Erases the reserve and master boot sectors of the
physical drives being added to the logical drive.
•
Full Initialization – Erases all sectors of the physical drives being added to
the logical drive.
•
None – No initialization. This choice is not recommended.
When you select full initialization, the process takes some time, depending on the
size of the physical drives selected for the logical drive. The Initialization tab
enables you to pause the initialization process so that more of FastTrak's
resources are available for other operations. When the other operations are
done, you can resume the initialization of your new logical drive.
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
want to pause.
3.
Click on the Initialization tab in Management View.
4.
icon in Tree View.
icon of the logical drive whose initialization you
Click the Pause button.
The initialization process stops.
5.
Click the Resume button.
The initialization resumes from the point where you paused it.
Logical Drive Activation
This feature enables you to designate a hot plug-and-play logical drive. It will
become available in a future release of the FastTrak Controller card.
Logical Drive Critical / Offline
A fault-tolerant logical drive—RAID 1, 5 or 10—goes critical when a disk drive is
removed or fails. Due to the fault tolerance of the logical drive, the data is still
available and online. However, once the logical drive goes critical, it has lost its
fault tolerance and performance may be adversely affected.
If the fault was caused by a failed disk drive that was removed, the drive must be
replaced by another drive, either identical or larger, in order for the RAID system
to rebuild and restore optimal configuration.
79
WebPAM User Manual
A non-fault tolerant logical drive—RAID 0—goes offline when a disk drive is
removed or fails. Since the logical drive is not fault tolerant, the data stored in the
disk array is no longer accessible.
If one disk drive fails, all of the data on the logical drive is lost. You must replace
the failed drive. Then, if the logical drive had more than one disk drive, delete the
logical drive and re-create it. Restore the data from a backup source.
When a Disk Drive Fails
The following will occur when a disk drive fails or goes offline:
•
The FastTrak Controller’s audible alarm, if enabled, will sound
•
The SuperSwap Status LED changes from green to red
•
WebPAM reports the condition in Tree View, with popup messages and, if
Event Notification is set up, email messages
•
If you have a RAID 1 or a 3-drive RAID 5 logical drive with a hot spare drive
properly configured, the logical drive will automatically rebuild itself using the
spare drive
In the example above, amber ! icons appear over the FastTrak, Controller,
Logical Drive View and Logical Drive icons. Click on the Logical Drive View
Logical Drive
or
icons to verify the condition of the logical drive.
In this example, the Status is Critical and Background activity is Idle. This
indicates that there is no automatic rebuild, so you must take action to restore the
logical drive:
1.
Identify the failed disk drive.
2.
Replace the failed disk drive.
3.
Rebuild your logical drive.
80
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Identify the Failed Disk Drive
Click on the Physical Drive View
icon in the WebPAM user interface. Look for
a missing physical drive. A drive that used to be present but is suddenly absent is
the failed disk drive.
No drive
on Port 3
Port 1
Port 2
Port 4
In this example, there were four disk drives connected to the FastTrak Controller.
Notice that there is no drive on Port 3. This is the failed drive.
Replace the Failed Disk Drive
Replace the failed disk drive with a new one of equal or greater capacity. Then
rebuild the logical drive. See the FastTrak User Manual and SuperSwap User
Manual for more information about replacing a disk drive.
Rebuild Your Logical Drive
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
2.
Click on the Logical Drive
3.
Click on the Rebuild tab in Management View.
icon of the logical drive you want to rebuild.
81
WebPAM User Manual
4.
Select the physical drive you just replaced.
5.
Click the Start Now button.
You can monitor Rebuild progress on the Logical Drive Rebuild tab. Click the
respective buttons to pause and resume the Rebuild. When the Rebuild is
finished, your logical drive will be Functional again.
82
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Enclosures
Enclosure View
Enclosure View provides a list of all enclosures currently on the Host PC. To
access Enclosure View, click on the Logical Drive View
icon in Tree View.
From this window, you can click on the links to access information and functions
of individual Enclosures.
Enclosure
To access information about an Enclosure:
1.
Click on the Enclosure View
2.
Click on the Enclosure
icon in Tree View.
icon.
83
WebPAM User Manual
The information tab displays the following information:
•
Enclosure Type – The manufacturer’s model name or number.
•
Fan Speed – The RPM of the enclosure’s cooling fans.
•
Temperature – The internal temperature of the enclosure. Each reading
reflects a separate measurement.
•
Power Status – The voltages supplied by the enclosure’s 12V and 5V
systems.
The Fan, Temperature and Power icons change color when an error is
indicated, as shown below.
Fan Error
Temperature Error
Power Error
LEDs
State
Status
Enclosure
Activity
Green
Disk drive is present
and ready
Disk drive is present
and ready
Normal status
Blinking
n/a
Read/write activity
n/a
Amber
Disk drive:
n/a
• is spinning up
• is critical
• is rebuilding
• reports a SMART
error
1 incident
(see below)
Red
Disk drive:
• is offline
• is not installed
n/a
2 or more incidents
(see below)
Dark
Power is off
Disk drive:
• has failed
• is not installed
Disk drives are
spinning up
Enclosure is critical
but still functional
Attention required
An incident refers to one occurrence of out-of-range voltage, temperature or fan
speed. Any incident requires immediate attention.
For more information on Enclosures, replacing disk drives and other repair
operations, refer to the SuperSwap User Manual.
84
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Spare Drives
A spare drive is a physical drive designated to function as a hot spare drive. A hot
spare drive automatically replaces a failed physical drive. You can also set the
Controller to rebuild a logical drive from a Free disk drive. See “Controller
Settings” on page 49 and “Logical Drive Rebuild” on page 73 for more
information on how spare drives work.
Spare Drive View
Spare Drive View provides a list of all spare drives currently on the Host PC. To
access Spare Drive View, click on the Spare Drive View
icon in Tree View.
From this screen, you can view the current Spare Drives and click on the tabs to
access the Create and Delete features.
Create a Spare Drive
To create a spare drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Click on the Create tab.
icon.
85
WebPAM User Manual
3.
4.
From the Logical Drive dropdown menu, select
•
Global Spare – This Spare Drive can be used by any qualified Logical
Drive.
•
Logical Drive – The name of the logical drive to which this Spare Drive
will be assigned or dedicated.
Click on a disk drive to select it.
Available drives have a black frame. Selected drives have a red frame.
Drives with a blue frame are assigned to a logical drive.
You cannot assign a split drive as a spare drive.
5.
Click the Create button.
The new Spare Drive appears under Physical Drive View and Spare Drive View.
86
Chapter 5: Monitor and Manage
Delete a Spare Drive
To delete a spare drive:
1.
Click on the Logical Drive View
2.
Select the Delete tab.
icon.
3.
Check the box to the left of the spare drive you want to delete.
4.
Click the Delete button.
5.
In the Confirmation box, click the OK button.
The selected spare drive is deleted.
Battery
The Information tab displays information about the cache-backup battery.
To access the Controller–Information tab, click on the Battery
View.
•
icon in Tree
Temperature – The battery's operating temperature.
The battery normally has the same temperature as the inside of the PC
where it is installed, typically below 38°C or 100°F.
If the battery temperature rises above this value, determine whether the PC
is overheating.
If the PC is OK but the battery is too hot, the battery is not accepting a
charge properly and you must replace it.
•
Voltage – The battery supplies 3.3V to back up the controller cache in the
event of a power failure. If battery voltage drops below this value, the battery
is not accepting a charge properly and you must replace it.
If the Battery icon does not appear in Tree View, the battery is either
disconnected or was not installed.
87
WebPAM User Manual
88
Chapter 6: Technology Background
•
Introduction to RAID (below)
•
Choosing a RAID Level (page 95)
•
JBOD – Single Drive (page 94)
•
Choosing Stripe Block Size (page 97)
•
Gigabyte Boundary (page 97)
•
Initialization (page 97)
•
Hot Spare Drive(s) (page 98)
•
Partition and Format the Logical Drive (page 98)
•
Cache Settings (page 99)
•
Migration and Expansion (page 99)
Introduction to RAID
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) allows multiple disk drives to be
combined together in a logical drive. The operating system sees the logical drive
as a single storage device, and treats it as such. The RAID software and/or
controller handle all of the individual drives on its own. The benefits of a RAID
can include:
•
Higher data transfer rates for increased server performance
•
Increased overall storage capacity for a single drive designation (such as, C,
D, E, etc.)
•
Data redundancy/fault tolerance for ensuring continuous system operation in
the event of a hard drive failure
Different types of logical drives use different organizational models and have
varying benefits. Also see Choosing RAID Level on page 95. The following
outline breaks down the properties for each type of RAID logical drive:
89
WebPAM User Manual
RAID 0 – Stripe
When a logical drive is striped, the read and write blocks of data are interleaved
between the sectors of multiple disk drives. Performance is increased, since the
workload is balanced between drives or “members” that form the logical drive.
Identical drives are recommended for performance as well as data storage
efficiency. The logical drive's data capacity is equal to the number of drive
members multiplied by the smallest logical drive member's capacity.
Data
Stripe
Disk Drives
Figure 1. RAID 0 Striping interleaves data across multiple drives
For example, one 100GB and three 120GB drives will form a 400GB (4 x 100GB)
logical drive instead of 460 GB.
RAID 0 logical drives on FastTrak consist of one or more disk drives.
90
Chapter 6: Technology Background
RAID 1 – Mirror
When a logical drive is mirrored, identical data is written to a pair of disk drives,
while reads are performed in parallel. The reads are performed using elevator
seek and load balancing techniques where the workload is distributed in the most
efficient manner. Whichever drive is not busy and is positioned closer to the data
will be accessed first.
With RAID 1, if one disk drive fails or has errors, the other mirrored disk drive
continues to function. This is called Fault Tolerance. Moreover, if a spare disk
drive is present, the spare drive will be used as the replacement drive and data
will begin to be mirrored to it from the remaining good drive.
Data Mirror
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
Disk Drives
Figure 2. RAID 1 Mirrors identical data to two drives
Due to the data redundancy of mirroring, the capacity of the logical drive is only
the size of the smallest disk drive. For example, two 100GB disk drives which
have a combined capacity of 200GB instead would have 100GB of usable
storage when set up in a mirrored logical drive. Similar to RAID 0 striping, if disk
drives of different capacities are used, there will also be unused capacity on the
larger drive.
RAID 1 logical drives on FastTrak consist of two disk drives.
91
WebPAM User Manual
RAID 5 – Block Striping with Distributed Parity
RAID 5 organizes data across the disk drives of the logical drive, and stores
parity information on to a disk drive dedicated to this purpose. This organization
allows increased performance by accessing multiple disk drives simultaneously
for each operation, as well as fault tolerance by providing parity data. In the event
of a disk drive failure, data can be re-calculated by the RAID system based on the
remaining data and the parity information.
Parity data is distributed across the disk drives along with the data blocks. In
each case, the parity data is stored on a different disk than its corresponding data
block.
RAID 5 makes efficient use of hard drives and is the most versatile RAID Level. It
works well for file, database, application and web servers.
Distributed Parity
Data
Blocks
Disk Drives
Figure 3. RAID 5 Stripes all drives with data and parity information
The capacity of a RAID 5 logical drive is the smallest disk drive size multiplied by
the number of disk drives, less one. Hence, a RAID 5 logical drive with four 100
GB disk drives will have a capacity of 300 GB. A logical drive with two 120 GB
disk drives and one 100 GB disk drive will have a capacity of 200 GB.
RAID 5 logical drives on FastTrak consist of 3 or 4 disk drives.
92
Chapter 6: Technology Background
RAID 10 – Mirror / Stripe
Mirror/Stripe combines both of the RAID 0 and RAID 1 logical drive types. It can
increase performance by reading and writing data in parallel while protecting data
with duplication. At least four disk drives are needed for RAID 10 to be installed.
With a four-disk-drive logical drive, one drive pair is mirrored together then
striped over a second drive pair.
Data Stripe
Data
Mirror
Disk Drives
Figure 4. RAID 10 takes a data mirror on one drive pair and stripes it over
two drive pairs
The data capacity is similar to a RAID 1 logical drive, with half of the total storage
capacity dedicated for redundancy. An added plus for using RAID 10 is that, in
many situations, such a logical drive offers double fault tolerance. Double fault
tolerance may allow your logical drive to continue to operate depending on which
two disk drives fail.
RAID 10 logical drives on FastTrak consist of 4 disk drives.
93
WebPAM User Manual
JBOD – Single Drive
Just a Bunch of Disks (JBOD) arranges individual physical drives on the FastTrak
controller the same as if they were attached to the PC’s motherboard controller.
The advantage is that a FastTrak Controller can accommodate up to four
physical drives, more than most PC motherboards.
JBOD offers none of the performance or security advantages of a RAID logical
drive. Any number of physical drives on the FastTrak Controller can be
designated as JBOD.
In WebPAM, JBOD is created, managed and deleted the same as a logical drive.
You can also use the FastTrak BIOS for this purpose. See the FastTrak User
Manual for more information on the BIOS.
In addition, if you attach a physical drive that was initialized using Windows disk
management, that drive will be automatically recognized as a JBOD by the
FastTrak controller and WebPAM.
94
Chapter 6: Technology Background
Choosing a RAID Level
There are several issues to consider when choosing the RAID Level for your
logical drive. The following discussion summarizes some advantages,
disadvantages and applications for each choice.
RAID 0
Advantages
Disadvantages
Implements a striped disk logical drive,
the data is broken down into blocks and
each block is written to a separate disk
drive
Not a true RAID because it is not faulttolerant
The failure of just one drive will result in
all data in an logical drive being lost
I/O performance is greatly improved by Should not be used in mission critical
spreading the I/O load across many
environments
channels and drives
No parity calculation overhead is
involved
Recommended Applications for RAID 0
•
Image Editing
•
Pre-Press Applications
•
Any application requiring high bandwidth
RAID 1
Advantages
Disadvantages
Simplest RAID storage subsystem
design
Very high disk overhead - uses only
50% of total capacity
Can increase read performance by
processing data requests in parallel
since the same data resides on two
different drives
Recommended Applications for RAID 1
•
Accounting
•
Payroll
•
Financial
•
Any application requiring very high availability
95
WebPAM User Manual
RAID 5
Advantages
Disadvantages
High Read data transaction rate
Disk failure has a medium impact on
throughput
Medium Write data transaction rate
Good aggregate transfer rate
Recommended Applications for RAID 5
•
File and Application servers
•
Intranet servers
•
WWW, E-mail, and News servers
•
Most versatile RAID level
RAID 10
Advantages
Disadvantages
Implemented as a mirrored logical drive Very high disk overhead - uses only
whose segments are RAID 0 logical
50% of total capacity
drives
High I/O rates are achieved thanks to
multiple stripe segments
Recommended Applications for RAID 10
•
Imaging applications
•
Database servers
•
General fileserver
JBOD
Advantages
Disadvantages
Easy management of multiple
No increase in performance, capacity or
fault tolerance.
independent disk drives
Recommended Applications for JBOD
•
Non-critical file storage
•
Swappable data storage
96
Chapter 6: Technology Background
Choosing Stripe Block Size
The stripe block size value can be set to 32 KB, 64 KB and 128 KB.
64 KB is the default. This selection will directly affect performance. There are two
issues to consider when selecting the stripe block size.
•
Choose a stripe block size equal to or smaller than the smallest cache buffer
found on any disk drive in your logical drive. A larger value slows the logical
drive down because disk drives with smaller cache buffers need more time
for multiple accesses to fill their buffers.
•
If your data retrieval consists of fixed-size data blocks, such as some
database and video applications, choose that data block size as your stripe
block size.
Generally speaking, email, POS and webservers prefer smaller stripe block
sizes. Video and database applications prefer larger stripe block sizes.
Gigabyte Boundary
The Gigabyte Boundary feature is designed for logical drives in which a drive has
failed and the user cannot replace the drive with the same capacity or larger.
Instead, the Gigabyte Boundary feature permits the installation of a replacement
drive that is slightly smaller (within 1 gigabyte) than the remaining working drive
(for example, an 80.5GB drive would be rounded down to 80GB). This can be
helpful in the event that a drive fails and an exact replacement model is no longer
available.
Initialization
Initialization is the process of setting all of the data bits on all of the disk drives to
zero. This has the effect of erasing any existing data from the drives. This action
is especially helpful in creating accurate parity in logical drives with more than
four drives.
Initialization applies to RAID 1, 5 and 10. When you create one of these logical
drives, you can specify Quick or Full Initialization. See “Create a Logical Drive”
on page 62.
The Full Initialization process begins immediately after the logical drive is created
and may take some time to finish, depending on the size of the disk drives in your
logical drive. Your logical drive is available while initialization is in progress.
97
WebPAM User Manual
Hot Spare Drive(s)
A hot spare is a disk drive that is connected to the logical drive system but is not
assigned as a member of the logical drive. In the event of the failure of a drive
within a functioning fault tolerant logical drive, the hot spare is activated as a
member of the logical drive to replace a drive that has failed.
FastTrak will replace a failing disk drive in a logical drive with an unassigned
drive, if one is available. The unassigned drive is not part of any logical drive.
Such a drive is called a hot spare drive. There are two types:
•
Global – An unassigned disk drive available to any logical drive on the Host
PC.
•
Dedicated – An unassigned disk drive that can only be used by a specified
logical drive.
The hot spare policy function lets you select whether a logical drive will access
any unassigned disk drive or a designated drive in the event of disk drive failure.
See “Logical Drive Rebuild” on page 73 and “Create a Spare Drive” on page 85
for information.
The spare drive effectively takes the place of the failed drive and the RAID
system immediately begins to rebuild data onto the drive. When the rebuild is
complete, the logical drive is returned to fault tolerant status.
Maintaining a hot spare drive is a good precaution to protect your logical drive
integrity in the event of drive failure.
Partition and Format the Logical Drive
Like any other type of fixed disk media in your system, a RAID logical drive must
also be partitioned and formatted before use. Use the same method of
partitioning and formatting on an logical drive as you would any other fixed disk.
See “Appendix B: Partition and Format” on page 105.
98
Chapter 6: Technology Background
Cache Settings
There is a data cache on the FastTrak controller and another one on each
physical disk drive. A cache holds data in volatile memory during RAID
management and data transfer activity. The right combination of cache settings
for your needs can improve FastTrak’s efficiency and performance.
Physical Drive Write Cache – Activates the write cache on the disk drive.
Write Back Cache – Activates write-back feature of FastTrak’s controller cache.
A write back cache holds data after an I/O operation and tells the controller the
data has been written. The data is written as soon as the disk drive is no longer
busy.
This action increases availability of the logical drive. If the power fails before the
data is written to the disk drive, the data will be lost.
The alternative is a write-through cache policy, which reports that the data has
been written to the disk only when it actually has.
To make Cache settings, see “Create a Logical Drive” on page 62 and “Logical
Drive Settings” on page 68.
Migration and Expansion
Migration is the process of changing the RAID level of an existing logical drive.
Expansion is the process of adding more physical drives to a logical drive while
keeping the same RAID level. See “Logical Drive Migration and Expansion” on
page 69 for instructions how to migrate or expand a logical drive.
Migration and Expansion are not available for JBOD.
The Migration feature applies to certain combinations of RAID level and number
of physical drives, as described in the table below.
From
RAID 0: 1 or 2 drives
To
RAID 5: 3 or 4 drives
RAID 10: 4 drives
Result
Increased performance
and capacity, adds
redundancy
RAID 0: 3 drives
RAID 5: 4 drives
Increased performance
and capacity, adds
redundancy
RAID 1: 2 drives
RAID 5: 3 or 4 drives
RAID 10: 4 drives
Increased performance
and capacity
RAID 5: 4 drives
Increased capacity
RAID 10: 4 drives
99
WebPAM User Manual
The Expansion feature applies only to RAID 0 and RAID 5 arrays. You can add
physical drives as described in the table below.
From
To
Result
RAID 0: 1 drive
RAID 0: 2, 3 or 4 drives Increased capacity
RAID 0: 2 drives
RAID 0: 3 or 4 drives
Increased capacity
RAID 0: 3 drives
RAID 0: 4 drives
Increased capacity
RAID 5: 3 drives
RAID 5: 4 drives
Increased capacity
Important
•
The Target logical drive may require more disk drives than the
Source logical drive
•
If the Target logical drive requires an EVEN number of disk
drives but the Source logical drive has an ODD number, ADD
a disk drive as part of the migration process
•
You cannot reduce the number of disk drives in your logical
drive
•
You cannot migrate or expand a logical drive when it is Critical
or performing activities such as Synchronizing or Rebuilding
Ranges of Logical Drive Expansion
There are limitations to how large you can expand a logical drive, depending on
the size of your current logical drive.
The current PC Operating Systems support a 10-byte LBA format. This means
that a logical drive can have up to 4 billion address blocks or sectors.
Multiply the number of blocks by the sector size to find the capacity of a logical
drive:
4,000,000,000 blocks x 512 bytes per sector = 2,048,000,000,000 bytes
of data for a 2TB drive.
Note that you cannot change the size of the sectors nor can you increase the
number of address blocks above 4 billion.
As a result, there are range limits imposed upon logical drive expansion as
shown in the table above. For example:
•
You can expand a 2.5 TB logical drive up to 4 TB
•
You can only expand a 1.9 TB logical drive up to 2 TB
100
Chapter 6: Technology Background
See the chart below.
Current LD Size
Maximum LD
Expansion Size
Sector Size
8 to 16 TB
16 TB
4096 bytes
4 to 8 TB
8 TB
2048 bytes
2 to 4 TB
4 TB
1024 bytes
0 to 2 TB
2 TB
512 bytes
You can direct WebPAM to expand a logical drive beyond the maximum
expansion size. However, when expansion is finished, your logical drive will be
the maximum size listed in the table.
If you require a logical drive larger than the maximum expansion size:
1.
Backup the data from the current logical drive.
2.
Delete the current logical drive.
3.
Create a new logical drive with the desired capacity.
4.
Restore the data to the new logical drive.
101
WebPAM User Manual
102
Appendix A: Frequently Asked Questions
I tried to log into WebPAM but my browser showed the message “cannot be
displayed.” What is the problem?
The browser decided prematurely that WebPAM was not responding. Click
the Refresh button. This action usually brings up the login screen.
I can access the Host PC over my company’s intranet. But I can’t access it
from an outside Internet connection. How do I make the Internet connection
work?
This condition is not related to the Host PC or WebPAM, but is due to your
firewall and network connection protocol. Contact your MIS Administrator.
Why do I have to use a different IP address when I access the Host PC over
the network?
Computers on a TCP/IP network are identified by their IP addresses. When
you work on the Host PC, you use 127.0.0.1, which is the IP address for
“home” or “this computer”. When you access the Host PC from a different
computer, you must enter the Host PC’s IP address as the network knows it,
such as 192.168.0.33.
How can I be sure everything is working OK by using WebPAM?
One way to do this is through Event Notification. WebPAM will report events
to you in the form of email and popup messages. You might only select
Warning and Critical events, so that you only receive messages when
something is wrong.
Another method is to periodically log into WebPAM and check the Status of
your logical drives.
What happens if a logical drive goes degraded?
This condition is caused by a failed physical drive. Depending on your Event
Notification settings, WebPAM will send you and email message and display
a popup message indicating the degraded condition. An amber ! icon will
appear over the FastTrak, Controller, Logical Drive View and Logical Drive
icons. The Event Log will post a logical drive degraded entry. If you are
running a SuperSwap enclosure, the failed drive’s Status LED turns red.
If a spare drive is available, the logical drive will begin to rebuild
automatically. If there is no spare drive, you must identify the failed physical
drive and replace it. Refer to your FastTrak User Manual and your
SuperSwap User Manual for more information.
103
WebPAM User Manual
Can I use my existing WebPAM setup to monitor a Promise subsystem
product also?
No. Promise subsystem products, such as UltraTrak and VTrak, have a more
advanced version of WebPAM tailored to their designs.
Why do the Rebuild, Synchronize, Expand and Migrate operations take so
long compared to moving data?
When data is moved, the operation consists of reading, writing and checking
one or more files. Rebuild, Synchronize, Expand and Migrate involve
reading, writing and checking all the logical block addresses or individual
data blocks on each disk drive. Plus, your disk array remains available while
these operations take place. These added requirements increase complexity
and take more time.
WebPAM documentation uses the term “logical drive” where earlier
Promise products use the term “array.” Why did this change happen?
A disk array is an organized collection of physical disk drives. Logical drives
are made from disk arrays. A logical drive is the entity that your operating
system recognizes as a single volume (as if it were a single disk drive).
Promise uses the term “logical drive” to keep things as simple as possible.
Can I run WebPAM without a network connection?
Yes. You can run WebPAM without a network connection but only from the
Host PC. See page 27.
104
Appendix B: Partition and Format
In order for your operating system to recognize and work with the disk drives
attached to your FastTrak SX Series RAID Controller card, the drives must be
partitioned and formatted.
•
If your drives were previously partitioned and formatted they are ready to use
and you can skip this procedure
•
If your drives have not been partitioned and formatted, you must do that job
before you can use them
The actions of partitioning and formatting create a file structure on the disk drives
with which your operating system can work. In the example below, we show how
this is done in Windows. A similar procedure is required for Linux PC’s. However,
partitioning and formatting in Linux is not automated, therefore please refer to
your system documentation for the exact procedure.
Note
If you plan to boot your computer from this logical disk, go to
Windows and Device Driver Installation under the Installation
section for instructions. The instructions here are for data logical
disks only.
1.
From the desktop, right-click on the My Computer icon and select Manage
from the popup menu. The Computer Management window opens.
2.
From the left menu, click on Disk Management. The Disk Management
window opens with your new logical disk identified as Disk 1. The Initialize
Wizard appears automatically.
105
WebPAM User Manual
3.
Click the Next button to start the Wizard.
4.
In the following windows, select Disk 1 to Initialize. Do not select any disks to
Convert. Click the Finish button to Initialize the logical disk.
5.
Right-click on the Unallocated portion of Disk 1 and select New Partition...
from the popup menu. The New Partition Wizard appears.
106
Appendix A: Partition and Format
6.
Click the Next button to start the wizard.
7.
In the following windows, do the following actions. Click Next to move to the
next window.
8.
•
Select Primary Partition
•
Specify the maximum available partition size in MB
•
Assign the available drive letter of your choice
•
Choose Format this partition with the following settings
•
File system: NTFS
•
Allocation unit size: Default
•
Volume label: Enter your choice of name
•
Do not check “Perform a quick format” or “Enable file and folder
compression”
Review your selections and click Finish. The New Partition Wizard will
disappear while partitioning and formatting begin.
This process will take some time. The Disk Management window displays
the progress.
107
WebPAM User Manual
When formatting is complete, your logical disk will appear as a hard drive in
the Disk Management window (above) and the My Computer window
(below).
108
Download PDF