DigiDesign | Mbox | Specifications | DigiDesign Mbox Specifications

Getting Started with Mbox
Version 6.7 for LE Systems on Windows or Macintosh
Digidesign
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard
Daly City, CA 94014-3886 USA
tel: 650·731·6300
fax: 650·731·6399
Technical Support (USA)
tel: 650·731·6100
fax: 650·731·6384
Product Information (USA)
tel: 650·731·6102
tel: 800·333·2137
International Offices
Visit the Digidesign Web site
for contact information
Web Site
www.digidesign.com
Copyright
This guide is copyrighted ©2004 by Digidesign, a division of
Avid Technology, Inc. (hereafter “Digidesign”), with all rights
reserved. Under copyright laws, this guide may not be
duplicated in whole or in part without the written consent of
Digidesign.
DIGIDESIGN, AVID and PRO TOOLS are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Digidesign and/or Avid Technology,
Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
Product features, specifications, system requirements, and
availability are subject to change without notice.
PN 932014039-00 REV A 09/04
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or locate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and
receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different
from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician
for help.
Any modifications to the unit, unless expressly approved by
Digidesign, could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We Digidesign,
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard, Suite 200
Daly City, CA 94014 USA
tel: 650-731-6300
Canadian Compliance Statement:
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme
NMB-003 du Canada.
declare under our sole responsibility that the product
Mbox
complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Australian Compliance
Current Consumption 500mA
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation.
European Compliance
contents
Chapter 1. Welcome to Mbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mbox Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mbox Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Pro Tools LE Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Digidesign Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
About the Pro Tools Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
About www.digidesign.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Chapter 2. Windows Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Windows System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Optional Software on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Launching Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Configuring Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Removing Pro Tools on Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Chapter 3. Macintosh Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Apple System Settings for Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Installing Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Optional Software on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Connecting Mbox to the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Launching Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Configuring Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Removing Pro Tools on Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Contents
iii
Chapter 4. Mbox Hardware and Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Mbox Front Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Mbox Back Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Making Signal Connections to Mbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Connecting a Recorder for Mixdowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
MIDI Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Chapter 5. Working with Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Session Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Transport Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Regions Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Navigating in a Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Importing Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Basic Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Editing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Plug-Ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Mix Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Final Mixdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Appendix A. Windows System Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Advanced Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Appendix B. Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Compatible Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Installing the ASIO Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Removing the ASIO Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Configuring ASIO Driver Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
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Getting Started with Mbox
Appendix C. Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Installing the WaveDriver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Removing the WaveDriver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Configuring WaveDriver for QuickTime Player (Required for Using iTunes). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Configuring WaveDriver for Windows Media Player and Other Third-Party WaveDriver Programs 69
Adding Third Party Applications to the WaveDriver Opt-In List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Appendix D. Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
What are the Limitations of the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Installing the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Removing the CoreAudio Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Configuring the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Appendix E. Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
MIDI Studio Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Appendix F. Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Audio MIDI Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Contents
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vi
Getting Started with Mbox
chapter 1
Welcome to Mbox
Welcome to Mbox, Digidesign’s portable
Pro Tools micro-studio, designed in collaboration with Focusrite.
Mbox provides your USB-equipped computer
with two channels of analog and digital audio
input and output, employing professional-quality mic preamps and 24-bit analog-to-digital
and digital-to-analog converters.
Mbox Package
Mbox Features
The Mbox desktop audio interface provides the
following:
• Two analog audio inputs with Focusrite microphone preamps and switchable 48V phantom power
• Analog input jacks that accept both XLR and
1/4-inch (TRS) connectors, and are switchable
between Mic, Line, and Instrument levels
The Mbox package includes the following:
• Two channels of S/PDIF digital input and output
• Mbox desktop audio interface
• Two analog monitor outputs
• Installer CD-ROMs containing Pro Tools LE
software, DigiRack RTAS (Real-Time AudioSuite) and AudioSuite plug-ins, optional software, and electronic PDF guides
• 24-bit A/D and D/A converters, supporting
sample rates of 44.1 kHz and 48 kHz
• This Getting Started with Mbox Guide, which includes instructions for installing and configuring Mbox, and an introduction to
Pro Tools LE software
• The Mbox Basics Guide, designed to give new
users specific methods for accomplishing
common tasks (such as getting sound in and
out of your Mbox, connecting a mic or instrument, and recording a session)
• USB connector cable
• Digidesign registration card
• Zero-latency analog record monitoring with
adjustable balance between input and playback
• Mono switch for summing the input signal
with the monitor mix
• Analog 1/4-inch TRS insert on each input
• 1/4-inch (TRS) or 1/8-inch stereo headphone
output with adjustable level control
• USB-powered operation
Mbox will not function properly if connected
to a USB hub. If you need to use a hub for
other USB peripherals, use a separate dedicated USB port for Mbox to function properly.
Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox
1
Pro Tools LE Capabilities
System Requirements
Pro Tools LE software provides the following capabilities with Mbox:
Mbox can be used with a Digidesign-qualified
Windows or Macintosh computer running
Pro Tools LE software.
• Playback up to 32 mono digital audio
tracks, and playback up to 30 tracks while
recording up to 2 tracks, depending on
your computer’s capabilities.
• Sessions can include up to 128 audio tracks
(with 32 voiceable tracks maximum), 256
MIDI tracks, 128 Auxiliary Input tracks,
and 64 Master Fader tracks.
• 16-bit or 24-bit audio resolution, at sample
rates up to 48 kHz.
• Nonlinear, random-access editing and mix
automation.
• Audio processing with up to 5 RTAS plugins per track, depending on your computer’s capabilities.
For complete system requirements, visit the
compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site
(www.Digidesign.com/compato).
Compatibility Information
Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
For a list of Digidesign-qualified computers, operating systems, hard drives, and third-party devices, refer to the latest compatibility information on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com/compato) .
• Up to 5 inserts and 5 sends per track
• Up to 16 internal mix busses.
Pro Tools LE uses your computer’s CPU to
mix and process audio tracks (host processing). Computers with faster clock speeds
yield higher track counts and more plug-in
processing.
MIDI Requirements
USB MIDI interfaces work effectively with
Pro Tools systems on Windows or Macintosh.
Serial MIDI interfaces are supported on Windows systems only.
Only USB MIDI interfaces are compatible
with Pro Tools systems for Mac OS X. Modem-to-serial port adapters and serial MIDI
devices are not supported.
For a list of supported adapters, refer to the Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com).
2
Getting Started with Mbox
Hard Drive Considerations
Avoid Recording to System Drives
Hard Drive Configuration and
Maintenance
It is recommended that you start with a newly
initialized audio drive. You should also periodically defragment your audio drive to ensure
continued system performance.
For a list of qualified hard drives, see our
Web site (www.digidesign.com/compato).
If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard
drive, initialize your drive with Windows Disk
Management (Windows) or the Disk Utility application included with Apple System software
(Macintosh).
Although Pro Tools LE will let you record to
your system drive, this is generally not recommended. Recording and playback on system
drives results in lower track counts and fewer
plug-ins.
Hard Disk Storage Space
Mono audio tracks recorded with 16-bit resolution at 44.1 kHz (CD quality) require approximately 5 MB of hard disk space per minute.
The same tracks recorded with 24-bit resolution
require about 7.5 MB per minute. Table 2 lists
the required disk space for certain track numbers and track lengths, to help you estimate
your hard disk usage.
Table 2 lists the required disk space for certain
track numbers and track lengths, to help you estimate your hard disk usage.
Table 2. Required hard drive space for audio tracks
Number of tracks and length
16-bit at
44.1 kHz
16-bit at
48 kHz
24-bit at
44.1 kHz
24-bit at
48 kHz
1 mono track, 1 minute
5 MB
5.5 MB
7.5 MB
8.2 MB
1 stereo track (or two mono
tracks), 5 minutes
50 MB
55 MB
75 MB
83 MB
1 stereo track (or two mono
tracks), 60 minutes
600 MB
662 MB
900 MB
991 MB
24 mono tracks, 5 minutes
600 MB
662 MB
900 MB
991 MB
7 GB
7.8 GB
10.5 GB
11.6 GB
32 mono tracks, 5 minutes
800 MB
883 MB
1.2 GB
1.3 GB
32 mono tracks, 60 minutes
9.4 GB
10.4 GB
14 GB
15.4 GB
24 mono tracks, 60 minutes
Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox
3
Digidesign Registration
Complete and return the registration card included with your Pro Tools Mbox system. Registered users will receive periodic software update
and upgrade notices. Refer to the registration
card for information on technical support.
About the Pro Tools Guides
The Getting Started with Mbox Guide explains
how to install and use Mbox to record, edit, and
mix audio and MIDI tracks in Pro Tools LE.
If you are new to working with digital workstations, it is recommended that you read the following:
• Mbox Basics Guide provides simple steps for
how to get sound in and out of your Mbox,
connect a microphone or instrument, record
to a Pro Tools session, import audio from a
CD, create an audio CD from a Pro Tools session, and other topics.
For additional information, see the following
online guides:
• Pro Tools Reference Guide explains Pro Tools LE
software in detail.
• Pro Tools Menus Guide covers all the Pro Tools
on-screen menus.
• DigiRack Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use
the RTAS and AudioSuite plug-ins included
with Pro Tools LE.
• Digidesign Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use
optional Digidesign plug-ins.
• DigiBase Guide provides details on using
Pro Tools DigiBase databasing and browsers
for data and media management.
• Pro Tools Keyboard Shortcuts lists keyboard
shortcuts for Pro Tools LE.
PDF versions of the Pro Tools guides are installed automatically with Pro Tools LE, and are
accessible from the Pro Tools Help menu (Windows), or the Pro Tools menu (Macintosh). To
view or print the PDF guides, you can install Acrobat Reader (included on the Pro Tools LE Installer CD-ROM).
Printed copies of the Pro Tools LE Guide set
(including the Pro Tools Reference Guide)
can be purchased separately from the
DigiStore (www.digidesign.com).
4
Getting Started with Mbox
Conventions Used in This Guide
Digidesign guides use the following conventions to indicate menu choices and key commands:
:
Convention
Action
File > Save Session
Choose Save Session from
the File menu
Control+N
Hold down the Control key
and press the N key
Control-click
Hold down the Control key
and click the mouse button
Right-click (Windows)
Click with the right mouse
button
The following symbols are used to highlight important information:
User Tips are helpful hints for getting the
most from your Pro Tools system.
Important Notices include information that
could affect your data or the performance of
your system.
Shortcuts show you useful keyboard or
mouse shortcuts.
Cross References point to related sections in
other Digidesign guides.
About www.digidesign.com
The Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com)
is your best source for information to help you
get the most out of your Pro Tools system. The
following are just a few of the services and features available.
Support Contact Digidesign Technical Support
or Customer Service; download software updates and the latest online manuals; browse the
Compatibility documents for system requirements; search the online Answerbase; join the
worldwide Pro Tools community on the Digidesign User Conference.
Training and Education Become a certified
Pro Tools Operator or Expert; study on your
own using courses available online, or find out
how you can learn in a classroom setting at a
certified Pro Tools Training Center.
Products and Developers Learn about Digidesign
products; download demo software; learn about
our Development Partners and their plug-ins,
applications, and hardware.
News and Events Get the latest news from Digidesign; sign up for a Pro Tools demo.
To learn more about these and other resources
available from Digidesign, visit the Digidesign
Web site (www.digidesign.com).
Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox
5
6
Getting Started with Mbox
chapter 2
Windows Configuration
This chapter contains information for Windows
systems only. If you are installing Pro Tools on a
Macintosh computer, see Chapter 3, “Macintosh Configuration.”
Before installing this version of Pro Tools,
please refer to the Read Me information included on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM.
Installation Overview
Installing the Mbox on a Windows computer includes the following steps:
1 Configuring “Windows System Settings” on
page 7.
2 “Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox” on page 9.
3 Restarting your computer.
Windows System Settings
Configure your Window system settings, as follows:
Required Settings These instructions must be
followed before installing Pro Tools.
Recommended Configuration These instructions
should be followed to optimize your system’s
capabilities, or to let older computers run
Pro Tools.
If problems occur after configuring all required and recommended settings, see
Appendix A, “Windows System Optimizations” for information on troubleshooting
and configuring advanced settings.
Required Settings
4 “Configuring Pro Tools LE” on page 12.
5 Making audio connections to the Mbox. (See
Chapter 4, “Mbox Hardware and Connections”
for details.)
To ensure optimum performance with
Pro Tools LE, configure the following Control
Panel settings for your version of Windows XP.
Disable Hyper-Threading
For Pentium IV computers with Hyper-Threading, disable Hyper-Threading in the BIOS.
Refer to your computer’s documentation for
steps on how to enter your computer’s BIOS and
disable Hyper-Threading.
Chapter 2: Windows Configuration
7
Enable DMA for any IDE hard drives:
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
2 Launch System.
3 Click the Hardware tab.
4 Under Device Manager, choose Device Man-
This sets System Standby, System Hibernate,
and “Turn off hard disks” to Never.
Disable ClearType Font Smoothing
When using Pro Tools, the Effects “Clear Type”
setting must be disabled.
ager.
5 In the Device Manager window, double-click
IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers, then double-click
the Primary IDE Channel for your IDE hard
drive.
To disable ClearType font smoothing:
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
2 Launch Display.
3 Click the Appearance tab.
6 Click the Advanced Settings tab.
4 Click Effects.
7 For each device, set the Transfer Mode to
“DMA if available,” and click OK.
5 Deselect “Use the following methods to
smooth edges of screen fonts.”
In most cases, this will already be set correctly as
Windows XP will detect and activate DMA
mode by default.
8 Repeat steps 5–7 for any additional IDE Chan-
6 Click OK to save your settings and close the
Effects dialog.
7 Click OK.
nels.
9 Close the Computer Management window.
Completing Required Windows System
Settings
Disable System Standby and Power
Management
When finished updating required Windows system settings, restart your computer.
When using Pro Tools, the Windows System
Standby power scheme must be set to Always
On. This helps prevent long record or playback
passes from stopping due to system resources
powering down.
To configure Windows Power Management:
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
2 Launch Power Options.
3 Click the Power Schemes tab.
4 From the Power Schemes pop-up menu, select
Always On.
5 Click OK.
8
Getting Started with Mbox
Recommended Configuration
Pro Tools LE can also be affected by other software and hardware drivers installed on your
computer. For best possible performance, it is
recommended (but not required) that you:
• Avoid running other Windows programs at
the same time as Pro Tools.
• Turn off any software utilities that run in
the background, such as Windows Messenger, calendars, and disk maintenance programs.
• Turn off any non-essential USB devices
while using Pro Tools.
• If your video display card supports it, enable Bus Mastering in the manufacturer’s
Control Panel.
• Disable any networking cards (other than
any 1394 “FireWire” card that you might
use to connect an external drive to your
system).
For information on disabling networking
cards, see “Disabling Network Cards” on
page 61.
4 Connect the other end of the USB cable to any
available USB port on your computer. Wait for
the Found New Hardware Wizard dialog to appear and leave it open: Do not click Next.
Mbox may not function properly if connected to a USB hub. If you need to use a
hub for other USB peripherals, connect the
hub to a separate USB port; Mbox must
have a dedicated port in order to function
properly.
5 Insert the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM for
Windows in your CD-ROM drive. Locate and
open the Pro Tools Installer folder, and doubleclick the Setup icon.
6 Click Next to begin installation.
7 Select the components you want to install and
click Next.
If you get a warning dialog about the driver
not passing Windows Logo testing, click
Continue Anyway.
8 Wait for the installer to finish installing all
software components, drivers, and PACE System
files before proceeding to the next step.
Installing Pro Tools LE and
Mbox
9 Click Quit when prompted to install Quick-
To install Pro Tools LE on Windows:
10 Restart your computer.
1 Make sure you have configured all the re-
quired Windows system settings, and restarted
your computer. See“Windows System Settings”
on page 7 for more information.
2 Start up Windows, logging in with Adminis-
trator privileges. If you do not have Administrator privileges or do not know how to set them
up, see your Windows User’s Guide.
Time. If required, you can install QuickTime
later (see “Installing QuickTime” on page 10).
If the USB LED on the front panel of the
Mbox does not illuminate after installation,
try unplugging the USB cable from the
Mbox USB port, and plugging it back in. If
the USB LED still does not illuminate, shut
down the computer, disconnect Mbox and
start the computer. Once the computer has
fully restarted, reconnect Mbox.
3 Connect the small end of the included USB ca-
ble to the USB port on Mbox.
Chapter 2: Windows Configuration
9
MIDI Studio Setup
5 Follow the on-screen instructions:
(Optional)
• Disconnect Mbox from the USB port of the
computer.
If you plan to use any MIDI devices with
Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with MIDI
Studio Setup. See Appendix E, “Configuring
Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only)” for details.
• Reconnect Mbox to the USB port of the
computer. The new firmware will be uploaded to the Mbox.
Installing QuickTime
(Optional)
QuickTime 6.5 or later is required for Pro Tools
if you plan to include movie files in your sessions. QuickTime is available as a free download
from the Apple Web site (www.apple.com).
• Disconnect and reconnect Mbox.
6 Click OK.
If all the lights stay on after you update the
firmware, run the firmware update again. If
the lights will not go out, contact Digidesign Technical Support. (Refer to the registration card for information on technical
support.)
Updating Mbox Firmware
Firmware version 2.0 or later is required to use
Mbox on Windows XP.
Before Mbox firmware can be updated,
Pro Tools LE software must be installed
and Mbox must be connected to your computer.
To check and update the firmware on Mbox:
1 Make sure Pro Tools is installed and the Mbox
is connected to the computer.
2 Double-click on MboxFirmwareUpdater.exe.
In Local Disk (C:\Program Files\Digidesign\
Pro Tools\Pro Tools Utilities.)
3 To check the firmware version currently on
Mbox, click the Start button in the Mbox Firmware Update window. The window displays the
version number of the firmware that the Mbox
is currently using.
4 Click Start to begin the firmware upgrade process.
10
Getting Started with Mbox
Optional Software on the
Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM
Your Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM includes several software options.
Digidesign ASIO Driver
The Digidesign ASIO (Audio Sound Input Output) Driver is a single-client multichannel
sound driver that allows third-party audio programs that support the ASIO standard to record
and play back through Digidesign hardware.
Digidesign ASIO Driver is automatically installed when you install Pro Tools.
For detailed information on configuring the
Digidesign ASIO Driver, see Appendix B,
“Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only).”
To use Digidesign ASIO Driver without
Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of
the Digidesign ASIO Driver. The standalone version of Digidesign ASIO Driver is
available on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com)
Digidesign WaveDriver
Pro Tools Demo Session
The Pro Tools LE Installer CD includes a demo
session that you can use to verify that your system is working.
Before installing the demo session to your
audio drive, make sure the drive is configured as described in “Formatting an Audio
Drive” on page 16.
To install the demo session:
1 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD in your
CD-ROM drive. Locate and double-click
Setup.exe, in D (CD-ROM drive):\Additional
Files\Pro Tools LE Demo Session Installer.
The Digidesign WaveDriver is a single-client,
multichannel sound driver that allows thirdparty audio programs that support the
WaveDriver MME (Multimedia Extensions)
standard to play back through Digidesign hardware.
2 Set the install location to your audio drive and
Digidesign WaveDriver is automatically installed when you install Pro Tools.
MacOpener 6.0.5 and higher lets you mount
HFS/HFS+ drives on a Windows-based Pro Tools
system, as a Transfer drive.
For detailed information on configuring the
Digidesign WaveDriver, see Appendix C,
“Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows
Only).”
To use Digidesign WaveDriver without
Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of
the Digidesign WaveDriver. The standalone version of Digidesign WaveDriver is
available on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com)
click Install.
3 When installation is complete, click OK.
MacOpener
Transfer drives can be used for storage, but
not for playback or recording.
The MacDrive utility can be used instead of
MacOpener. For more information about
MacDrive, visit the Mediafour Web site
(www.mediafour.com).
Chapter 2: Windows Configuration
11
To share Pro Tools sessions between Macintosh
and Windows systems, select the “Enforce
Mac/PC Compatibility” option when creating
the session, or when saving a session copy to a
Windows audio drive formatted using NTFS or
FAT32.
Avoid using MacOpener on HFS-formatted
drives. It is recommended that you use MacOpener on NTFS or FAT32 drives instead.
To move material from HFS-formatted
drives to NTFS or FAT32 drives, use the
Save Session Copy In command in
Pro Tools.
While SDII files can be exported or converted on import, they cannot be used
within Pro Tools sessions on Windows.
Mac Lic.exe. When installation is complete,
close the installer.
All formatting and maintenance of
HFS/HFS+ drives should be carried out
when the drive is connected to a Macintosh.
For more information about MacOpener
and its performance limitations, see the
Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Launching Pro Tools LE
When launching Pro Tools LE the first time, you
are prompted to enter an authorization code to
validate your software.
To install and configure the MacOpener demo
included with Pro Tools:
To validate Pro Tools LE software:
1 Insert the Pro Tools Installer CD into your CD-
your desktop (or the application in the Pro Tools
folder inside the Digidesign folder).
ROM drive.
2 Locate and double-click the MacOpener installer file in the MacOpener Demo folder located at D (CD-ROM drive):\Additional
Files\MacOpener Demo Installer. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the MacOpener. After installation is complete, restart your computer.
3 Choose Start > Programs > MacOpener >
MacOpener Driver Preferences.
4 Verify that the MacOpener Driver is enabled.
Under Driver Settings, select “Enable MacOpener Driver.”
5 Under Extension Mapping, select “Do not add
the PC extension to the Mac file name.”
6 Click OK to quit the MacOpener Driver Preferences.
12
7 Choose Start > Programs > MacOpener >
Getting Started with Mbox
1 Double-click the Pro Tools LE shortcut on
2 Enter the authorization code in the dialog
(making sure to type it exactly as printed, and
observing any spaces and capitalization), then
click Validate.
Your authorization code is located on the inside
cover of this guide.
Configuring Pro Tools LE
Pro Tools System Settings
Pro Tools LE lets you adjust the performance of
your system by changing system settings that affect its capacity for processing, playback, and recording
In most cases, the default settings for your system provide optimum performance, but you
may want to adjust them to accommodate large
or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions.
Hardware Buffer Size
CPU Usage Limit
The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of
CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host processing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite
(RTAS) plug-ins, as follows:
Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings reduce
monitoring latency, and are useful when you are
recording live input.
◆ Lower CPU usage settings reduce how much
Pro Tools processing affects other CPU-intensive
tasks (such as screen redraws), and limit the
amount of processor resources available for
Pro Tools tasks. They are useful when you are experiencing slow system response, or when running other applications at the same time as
Pro Tools.
Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for
more audio processing and effects, and are useful when you are mixing and using more RTAS
plug-ins.
◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate
more processing power to Pro Tools, and are
useful for playing back large sessions or using
more real-time plug-ins.
The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) controls the size of the hardware cache used to handle host processing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins.
◆
◆
In addition to causing slower screen response and monitoring latency, higher
Hardware Buffer Size settings can affect the
accuracy of plug-in automation, mute data,
and timing for MIDI tracks.
To change the Hardware Buffer Size:
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow
down screen response on slower computers.
The maximum CPU Usage Limit is 85 percent
for single-processor computers, and 99 percent
for multi-processor computers. (The 99 percent
setting dedicates one entire processor to
Pro Tools.)
To change the CPU Usage Limit:
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu, se-
lect the percentage of CPU processing you want
to allocate to Pro Tools.
3 Click OK.
Playback Engine dialog for Mbox
2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu, select
the audio buffer size, in samples.
3 Click OK.
Chapter 2: Windows Configuration
13
DAE Playback Buffer Size
Pro Tools Hardware Settings
The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the
amount of memory DAE uses to manage disk
buffers, which affects system performance, as
follows:
Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select
the default sample rate and clock source for your
system, and configure the clock source for your
system.
◆ Lower DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can
improve playback and recording initiation
speed. However, a lower setting can make it difficult for slower hard drives to play or record
tracks reliably.
◆ Higher DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can
allow for a higher density of edits in a session.
However, a higher setting can cause a time lag to
occur before playback or recording begins. It can
also cause a time lag to occur when you are editing during playback.
To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size:
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu,
select a buffer size.
Default Sample Rate
The Sample Rate setting appears as the default
sample rate when you create a new session.
(This setting is available in the Hardware Setup
dialog only when no session is open.)
You can change the sample rate when creating a new Pro Tools session by selecting a
different sample rate in the New Session dialog. (Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide
for details.)
To change the default Sample Rate:
1 Make sure that no Pro Tools session is open.
2 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup.
3 Click OK.
Hardware Setup dialog for Mbox
3 Select the sample rate from the Sample Rate
pop-up menu.
4 Click OK.
14
Getting Started with Mbox
Channel 1–2 Input Source
The Pro Tools Hardware Setup dialog allows you
to configure the two inputs on Mbox to receive
analog or digital signals.
3 Click OK.
Your digital input device must be connected
and powered on for Pro Tools to synchronize to it. If your input device is not powered
on, leave the Clock Source set to Internal.
To select the Channel 1–2 input format for Mbox:
1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup.
Configuring I/O Setup
2 Choose the Channel 1–2 Input format by do-
Using the I/O Setup dialog, you can label
Pro Tools LE input, output, insert, and bus signal paths. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graphical representation of the inputs, outputs, and
signal routing of the Mbox.
ing one of the following:
• Choose Analog if you are sending a microphone, line, or instrument signal through
the 1/4-inch TRS or XLR connectors on
Mbox.
– or –
• Choose S/PDIF if you are sending signal
from a digital device to the S/PDIF input on
Mbox.
Pro Tools LE has default I/O Setup settings that
will get you started. Use the I/O Setup dialog
only if you want to rename the default I/O
paths.
To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup:
Clock Source
1 Choose Setups > I/O Setup.
Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select
the clock source for the system.
Internal If you are recording an analog signal directly into Mbox, you will usually use the
Pro Tools Internal clock source. The clock
source automatically changes to Internal when
you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to Analog.
SPDIF If you are transferring material into
Pro Tools from an external digital device, you
will usually synchronize Pro Tools to that digital
device. The clock source automatically changes
to SPDIF when you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to
SPDIF.
To select the clock source:
1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup.
I/O Setup dialog for Mbox, Input page
2 Click the Input, Output, Insert, or Bus tab to
display the corresponding connections.
2 Choose the clock source from the Clock
Source pop-up menu.
Chapter 2: Windows Configuration
15
3 To change the name of a path or subpath,
double-click directly on the Path Name, type a
new name for the path, and press Return.
4 Click OK.
4 For optimal disk performance, select 32K from
the Allocation unit size pull-down. This increases how efficiently audio data is written to
and read from the drive.
5 Make sure the Quick Format option is dese-
T
Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or
choose Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide)
for more information on renaming I/O
paths.
lected, then click Start, and follow the on-screen
instructions.
Pro Tools only supports Basic drive Types.
6 When formatting is complete, close the For-
After configuring Pro Tools LE and your
system, you should save an image of your
system using Norton Ghost. Norton Ghost
lets you save and recall known good configurations of your system and settings, which
can help you recover if you encounter any
problems in the future.
For more information on Ghost, visit the Symantec Web site (www.symantec.com)
mat window.
Audio Drives and Disk Cleanup
The process of recording, editing, and deleting
tracks and sessions can quickly decrease overall
drive performance. It is suggested that you regularly use Disk Cleanup (or an equivalent utility)
to asses the condition of drives and, if necessary,
delete temporary files and other unused data.
To use Disk Cleanup:
Hard Drive Configuration and
Maintenance
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
Formatting an Audio Drive
3 Double-click Computer Management.
On Windows, it is recommended that you start
with newly formatted drives dedicated for audio, such as a secondary hard drive purchased
just for audio. For optimum performance, audio
drives should be formatted with the FAT32 or
NTFS file system.
4 Double-click Storage.
To format and configure an audio drive:
1 Right-click My Computer and choose Manage.
2 Under Storage, choose Disk Management.
3 In the Disk Management window, right-click
the hard drive you will use for audio and choose
Format.
16
Getting Started with Mbox
2 In Classic View, launch Administrative Tools.
5 Double-click Disk Management.
6 Select the desired volume in the list, then
choose File > Options.
Disk Cleanup determines how performance is
being affected by drive condition, and lets you
review and delete temporary and other unnecessary files from the selected volume. For more information on using Disk Cleanup, see your Windows XP documentation.
Defragmenting an Audio Drive
Periodically defragment audio drives to maintain
system performance.
To defragment an audio drive:
1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man-
age.
2 Under Storage, choose Disk Defragmenter.
3 In the Disk Defragmenter window, choose the
drive you want to defragment
4 Click the Defragment button and follow the
on-screen instructions.
5 When defragmenting is complete, close the
Computer Management Window.
Removing Pro Tools on
Windows XP
If you need to remove Pro Tools LE from your
computer use the Add or Remove Programs
command.
To remove Pro Tools from your computer:
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
2 Launch Add or Remove Programs.
3 From the Currently installed programs list, se-
lect Digidesign Pro Tools LE.
4 Click the Change/Remove button.
5 Follow the onscreen instructions to remove
Pro Tools.
Avoid Recording to System Drives
Although Pro Tools will let you record to your
system drive, this is generally not recommended. Recording and playback on system
hard drives results in lower track counts and
fewer plug-ins. You should record to system
drives only when necessary (for example, if your
computer has just one hard drive).
Chapter 2: Windows Configuration
17
18
Getting Started with Mbox
chapter 3
Macintosh Configuration
This chapter contains information for Macintosh systems only. If you are installing Pro Tools
on a Windows computer, see Chapter 2, “Windows Configuration.”
Before installing this version of Pro Tools,
please refer to the Read Me information included on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM.
Installation Overview
Installation of the Mbox on a Macintosh includes the following steps:
Apple System Settings for
Mac OS X
To ensure optimum performance with
Pro Tools LE, configure the following settings
before you install Pro Tools software.
Do not use the Mac OS X automatic Software Update feature, as it may install components that have not yet been qualified for
Pro Tools. For details on qualified versions
of Mac OS, refer to the latest compatibility
information on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com).
1 Configuring “Apple System Settings for
Mac OS X” on page 19.
To configure Mac OS X for Pro Tools LE:
2 “Installing Pro Tools LE” on page 20
1 Make sure you are logged into an administra-
page 21.
tor account where you want to install
Pro Tools LE. For details on Administrator privileges in Mac OS X, refer to your Mac OS X documentation.
5 “Configuring Pro Tools LE” on page 22.
2 Choose System Preferences from the Apple
3 Restarting your computer.
4 “Connecting Mbox to the Computer” on
Menu and click Energy Saver.
6 Making audio connections to the Mbox. (See
Chapter 4, “Mbox Hardware and Connections”
for details.)
3 Click the Sleep tab and turn off the Energy
Saver feature by setting the sleep feature to
Never.
4 Return to the System Preferences and click
Software Update.
5 Deselect “Automatically check for updates
when you have a network connection.”
Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration
19
6 Close the Software Update dialog box.
Audio MIDI Setup (AMS)
7 Proceed to “Installing Pro Tools LE” on
page 20.
(Optional)
Installing Pro Tools LE
After the Apple System software settings are configured, you’re ready to install Pro Tools LE.
To install Pro Tools LE on Mac OS X:
1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administrator for the account where you want to install
Pro Tools. For details on Administrator privileges in Mac OS X, refer to your Apple Mac OS X
documentation.
2 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD-ROM in
your CD-ROM drive. Double-click “Install
Pro Tools LE.”
3 Enter your Administrator password and click
OK to authenticate the installation.
4 Follow the on-screen instructions to continue
If you plan to use any MIDI devices with
Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with
the Apple Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility.
See Appendix F, “Configuring AMS
(Mac OS X Only)” for details.
Optional Software on the
Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM
Your Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM includes several software options.
Digidesign CoreAudio Driver
Location is on your Start-up hard drive.
The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver is a multi-client, multichannel sound driver that allows
CoreAudio compatible applications to record
and play back through Digidesign hardware.
6 In the Installer window, choose Custom Install from the pop-up menu, and click Install.
The Core Auto Driver is installed by default
when you install Pro Tools.
and accept installation.
5 In the Installer window, make sure the Install
7 Follow the remaining on-screen instructions
to install Pro Tools.
8 When installation is complete, click Restart.
20
If you plan to use any MIDI devices with
Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with the
Apple Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility. See
Appendix F, “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X
Only)” for details.
Getting Started with Mbox
For information on configuring the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver, see Appendix D,
“Digidesign CoreAudio Driver
(Macintosh Only).”
Stand-Alone CoreAudio Driver Installer
This version of Digidesign CoreAudio Driver can
be installed on Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools
systems running on Macintosh (for example, if
the CoreAudio Driver was uninstalled), or it can
be installed as a stand-alone driver on Macintosh systems that do not have Pro Tools installed.
For detailed information on installing and
configuring CoreAudio Driver on systems
with or without Pro Tools, see the electronic
pdf of the CoreAudio Usage Guide.
Pro Tools Demo Session
The Pro Tools LE Installer CD-ROM includes a
demo session that you can use to verify that
your system is working.
To install the demo session:
1 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD in your
CD-ROM drive. Locate and double-click the
demo session installer icon.
2 Select your audio drive as the install location
and click Install.
3 When installation is complete, click Quit.
Connecting Mbox to the
Computer
Before launching Pro Tools LE software, connect
Mbox to your computer.
To connect Mbox to your computer:
1 Connect the small end of the included USB ca-
ble to the USB port on Mbox.
2 With your computer on, connect the other
end of the USB cable to any available USB port
on your computer.
Mbox may not function properly if connected to a USB hub. If you need to use a
hub for other USB peripherals, connect the
hub to a separate USB port; Mbox must be
connected to a dedicated port on the computer in order to function properly.
Launching Pro Tools LE
When launching Pro Tools LE the first time, you
are prompted to enter an authorization code to
validate your software.
With new Mbox systems, the authorization
code is located on the inside cover of the Getting
Started with Mbox Guide. With software upgrades, the authorization code is located on the
inside cover of the Upgrading Guide.
To authorize Pro Tools LE software:
1 Double-click the Pro Tools LE application (lo-
cated in the Pro Tools folder, inside the Digidesign folder).
2 Enter the authorization code in the dialog
when prompted (making sure to type it exactly
as printed, and observing any spaces and capitalization) then click Validate.
If the USB LED on the front panel of Mbox does
not illuminate after you connect it and launch
Pro Tools, try unplugging the USB cable from
the Mbox USB port, then plugging it back in.
If the USB LED still does not illuminate, shut
down the computer, disconnect Mbox and start
the computer. Once the computer has fully restarted, re-connect Mbox, then launch
Pro Tools.
Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration
21
Configuring Pro Tools LE
3 Click OK.
Pro Tools System Settings
Pro Tools LE allows you to adjust the performance of your system by changing system settings that affect its capacity for processing, playback, and recording.
In most cases, the default settings for your system provide optimum performance, but you
may want to adjust them to accommodate large
or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions.
Hardware Buffer Size
The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) controls the size of the hardware cache used to handle host processing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins.
◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings improve
MIDI timing and automation accuracy, but limit
the number of RTAS plug-ins and mixer configurations you can run on your system
◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for
more audio processing and effects, and are useful when you are using larger mixer configurations or more RTAS plug-ins on your system.
In addition to causing slower screen response and monitoring latency, higher
Hardware Buffer Size settings can affect the
accuracy of plug-in automation, mute data,
and timing for MIDI tracks.
To change the Hardware Buffer Size:
Playback Engine dialog for Mbox (Pro Tools 6.x)
CPU Usage Limit
The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of
CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host processing tasks.
◆ Lower CPU Usage Limit settings limit the effect of Pro Tools processing on other CPU-intensive tasks, such as screen redraws, and are useful
when you are experiencing slow system response, or when running other applications at
the same time as Pro Tools.
◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate
more processing power to Pro Tools, and are
useful for playing back large sessions or using
more real-time plug-ins.
Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow
down screen response on slower computers.
◆ The maximum CPU Usage Limit is 85 percent
for single-processor computers, and 99 percent
for multi-processor computers. (The 99 percent
setting dedicates one entire processor to
Pro Tools.)
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
To change the CPU Usage Limit:
2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu, select
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
the audio buffer size, in samples.
2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu, se-
lect the percentage of CPU processing you want
to allocate to Pro Tools.
22
Getting Started with Mbox
3 Click OK.
To change the default Sample Rate:
1 Make sure that no Pro Tools session is open.
DAE Playback Buffer Size
2 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup.
The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the
amount of memory DAE uses to manage disk
buffers, which affects system performance.
Lower DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can
improve playback and recording initiation
speed. However, a lower setting can make it difficult for slower hard drives to play or record
tracks reliably.
◆
Higher DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can
allow for a higher density of edits in a session.
However, a higher setting can cause a time lag to
occur before playback or recording begins. It can
also cause a time lag to occur when you are editing during playback.
3 Select the sample rate from the Sample Rate
popup menu.
4 Click OK.
◆
Hardware Setup dialog for Mbox
Channel 1–2 Input Format
To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size:
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu,
select a buffer size.
3 Click OK.
Pro Tools Hardware Settings
The Pro Tools Hardware Setup dialog allows you
to configure the two inputs on Mbox to receive
either analog or digital signals.
To select the Channel 1–2 input format for Mbox:
1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup.
2 Choose the Channel 1–2 Input format by do-
ing one of the following:
Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select
the default sample rate, input format, and clock
source for your system.
• Choose Analog if you are sending a microphone, line, or instrument signal through
the 1/4-inch TRS or XLR connectors on
Mbox.
Default Sample Rate
• Choose S/PDIF (RCA) if you are sending
signal from a digital device to the S/PDIF
input on Mbox.
The Sample Rate setting appears as the default
sample rate when you create a new session.
(This setting is available in the Hardware Setup
dialog only when no session is open.)
You can change the sample rate when creating a new Pro Tools session by selecting a
different sample rate in the New Session dialog. (See “Starting a Session” on page 37.)
Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration
23
Clock Source
To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup:
Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select
the clock source for the system.
1 Choose Setups > I/O Setups.
Internal If you are recording an analog signal directly into Mbox, you will usually use the
Pro Tools Internal clock source. The Clock
Source automatically changes to Internal when
you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to Analog.
S/PDIF If you are recording a digital signal into
Pro Tools from an external digital device, you
will usually synchronize Pro Tools to that digital
device. The Clock Source automatically changes
to S/PDIF when you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to
S/PDIF.
I/O Setup dialog for Mbox, Input page
To select the Clock Source:
1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup.
2 Select a clock source.
3 Click OK.
Your digital input device must be connected
and turned on. If your input device is not
turned on, leave the Clock Source set to Internal.
Configuring I/O Setup
Using the I/O Setup dialog, you can label
Pro Tools LE input, output, insert, and bus signal paths. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graphical representation of the inputs, outputs, and
signal routing of the Mbox.
Pro Tools LE has default I/O Setup settings that
will get you started. Use the I/O Setup dialog
only if you want to rename the default I/O
paths.
24
Getting Started with Mbox
2 Click the Input, Output, Insert, or Bus tab to
display the corresponding connections.
3 To change the name of a path or subpath,
double-click directly on the Path Name, type a
new name for the path, and press Return.
4 Click OK.
Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or
choose Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide)
for more information on renaming I/O
paths.
Hard Drive Configuration and
Maintenance
Removing Pro Tools on
Mac OS X
It is recommended that you start with a newly
initialized audio drive. You should also periodically defragment your audio drive to ensure
continued system performance.
If you need to remove Pro Tools from your computer, you can use the Installer CD-ROM or the
downloaded Installer file.
If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard
drive, initialize your drive with the utility
named Disk Utility included with your Apple
System software.
Avoid Recording to System Drives
Although Pro Tools will let you record to your
system drive, this is generally not recommended. Recording and playback on system
drives results in lower track counts and fewer
plug-ins. You should record to system drives
only when necessary—for example, if your computer system has just one hard drive.
To remove Pro Tools from your computer:
1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administrator for the account where Pro Tools is installed.
For details on Administrator privileges in
Mac OS X, refer to your Apple OS X documentation.
2 Insert the Pro Tools 6.7 Installer CD-ROM in
your CD-ROM drive. Double-click “Install
Pro Tools LE” or “Install Pro Tools TDM,” as appropriate.
3 Enter your Administrator password and click
OK to authenticate the installation.
4 In the Installer window, choose Uninstall
from the pop-up menu, and click Uninstall.
5 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove
Pro Tools.
6 When finished, click Quit to close the Installer
window.
Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration
25
26
Getting Started with Mbox
chapter 4
Mbox Hardware and Connections
This chapter explains how to connect your Mbox for monitoring, playback and recording. If you are
new to working with digital audio workstations, first read through the Mbox Basics Guide for basic
setup information (such as connecting audio inputs, headphones, mics and instruments).
The following illustrations show two possible setups depending on the equipment in your studio.
monitor
outputs
mixer
S/PDIF
digital I/O
powered speakers
DAT or
CD recorder
microphone
USB
cable
Mbox
instrument
FireWire
drive
headphones
computer
display
Figure 1. Mbox micro studio configuration running Pro Tools LE on a desktop computer
Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections
27
USB
cable
Mbox
instrument
FireWire
drive
p
Laptop
to
lap
headphones
Figure 2. Mbox micro studio configuration running Pro Tools LE on a laptop computer
28
Getting Started with Mbox
Mbox Front Panel Features
About Phantom Power
Dynamic microphones (such as a Shure SM57)
do not require phantom power to operate, but
are not harmed by it. Most condenser microphones (like an AKG C3000) do require phantom power to operate.
48V LED
Source
Selector
CH 1
Gain
Peak
LED
Source
Selector
CH 2
Peak
LED
Although phantom power can be used
safely with most microphones, it is possible
to damage some ribbon microphones with
it. Always turn off phantom power and
wait at least ten seconds before connecting
or disconnecting a ribbon microphone.
Gain
S/PDIF
LED
USB
LED
Mix (Ratio)
If you are not sure about the phantom power requirements for your microphone, consult your
microphone’s documentation or contact the
manufacturer.
Mono
Source Selector
Headphone
Gain
Headphone
Output
Figure 3. Mbox front panel
The Mbox front panel has the following features:
48V LED
This LED, when lit, indicates that 48V phantom
power is active on the Mic/Line inputs. These
inputs provide phantom power for microphones that require it to operate. Phantom
power is activated by the switch labeled 48V on
the top of the back panel of Mbox.
These switches select among three types of inputs:
• Mic (microphone) for XLR inputs
• Line for line level signals on TRS or TS inputs
• Inst (instrument) for other 1/4-inch TRS or
TS connections
For more information, see “Analog Audio” on
page 34.
Gain Controls
These knobs adjust the input gain levels of the
Mic/Line inputs.
Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections
29
Peak LEDs
These LEDs are triggered just below analog clipping levels. In other words, if the Peak LEDs
flicker occasionally, the signal is approaching
clipping levels, but they do not necessarily indicate distortion or clipping.
USB LED
The USB LED indicates that the Mbox has received power from its USB connection. Once the
USB light is on, audio can pass in or out of the
system.
To listen to just the Source input signal, turn the
Mix knob fully left to Input. To listen to
Pro Tools output only, turn the knob fully right
to Playback.
The output from the Mix control is routed directly to the TRS line outputs, and is mirrored in
the Headphone ports and S/PDIF output ports.
This ability to blend and control the relative levels of Pro Tools playback and latency-free live
analog inputs can be particularly effective when
overdubbing.
Mono Switch
S/PDIF LED
This LED indicates that channels 1 and 2 are set
to receive digital input rather than analog input.
See “S/PDIF Digital I/O” on page 32.
Mix (Ratio) Control
Mbox gives you the ability to monitor your analog input signals while recording, without the
delay incurred by A/D/A converters and hostbased processing.
This zero-latency analog monitoring is controlled with the Mix knob, which you can use to
blend and adjust the monitor ratio between
Mbox analog inputs and Pro Tools playback.
The Mix knob has no effect when you are using
S/PDIF digital inputs, since it controls the signal
before it reaches the A/D converters.
30
Getting Started with Mbox
The Mono switch sums the stereo signal to a
mono signal (delivering that identical signal to
both speakers). This has no effect on Pro Tools
playback monitoring or on the main outputs.
Switching your stereo signal to mono is useful
when you are recording a mono input while listening to stereo playback, or for checking the
phase relationship of stereo inputs.
Monitoring while Overdubbing
By panning signals to the center, or using the
Mono switch, as opposed to panning them hard
left and right in the Headphone outputs, you
can create a more focused monitor mix to help
minimize distractions while overdubbing.
In situations where you are monitoring stereo
microphones, stereo synthesizers, or any source
pairs with a comfortable balance, you will probably not want to use the Mono switch.
Checking Phase Relationships
Mbox Back Panel Features
The Mono switch can also be used for a quick
check of the phase relationship between
Channel 1 and Channel 2 inputs.
When the two input signals are out of phase,
pressing the Mono switch will result in a sudden
“hollow” sound that is the result of phase cancellation. This quick test with the Mono switch
can help to avoid phase problems later when
mixing these tracks. Frequent checking of phase
relationships with the Mono switch can also assist you in finding the optimal microphone
placement.
Headphone Gain
The headphone gain control adjusts the output
level of the front and back Headphone ports,
which output the signal that is routed to Outputs 1–2 in Pro Tools LE, and mirrors the Line
Outputs.
Front Panel Headphone Output
Use the front panel Headphone port to connect
stereo headphones with a 1/8-inch stereo mini
connector.
The front panel 1/8-inch Headphone port is disabled when a 1/4-inch stereo connector is inserted into the back panel Headphone port.
back panel
Headphones
output
48V
USB port
S/PDIF
digital I/O
Line
outputs
Inserts
Source 2
(analog
input 2)
Source 1
(analog
input 1)
Figure 4. Mbox back panel
The Mbox back panel has the following features:
Back Panel Headphone Output
Use this Headphone Output to connect stereo
headphones with a 1/4-inch stereo connector.
When a 1/4-inch stereo connector is inserted
into the back panel Headphone port, the front
panel 1/8-inch Headphone port is disabled.
Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections
31
48V Switch
Line Outputs
This button activates phantom power on the
Mic inputs for microphones that require it to
operate.
These outputs support balanced TRS, or unbalanced TS, 1/4-inch connections. To monitor
your mix, these outputs can be connected to a
mixing board, directly to a monitoring system
such as a stereo power amp, or another stereo
destination.
Be sure to check the 48V LED on the front
panel of Mbox before plugging in any microphones. The 48V switch on the back is
located directly above the USB connector
and may be inadvertently activated when
connecting the USB Cable.
The Line Outputs 1 and 2 play the audio that is
routed to analog outputs 1 and 2 from within
Pro Tools, respectively. These analog outputs
feature 24-bit digital-to-analog converters.
USB Port
This standard USB v1.1 connector is used to
connect your computer to the Mbox. One standard USB cable is included with your system.
The Mbox is compatible with USB 2.0 ports.
However, the USB 2.0 bus will switch to the
slower USB v.1.1 speed to accommodate Mbox.
Source 1 and 2
These balanced/unbalanced analog audio inputs support a broad range of input levels, including microphone, instrument, or line-level
inputs. The ports accept XLR, TRS, or TS audio
input connectors. The input signal is adjusted
by the Gain control for each channel, in conjunction with the Source switch.
S/PDIF Digital I/O
The S/PDIF in and out ports are unbalanced twoconductor phono (RCA) connectors that utilize
a full 24-bit, two-channel digital data stream.
The Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format
(S/PDIF) is used in many professional and consumer CD recorders and DAT recorders. To
avoid RF interference, use 75-ohm coaxial cable
for S/PDIF transfers and keep the cable length to
a maximum of 10 meters.
32
Getting Started with Mbox
The XLR connectors only support microphone level inputs. If Line or Inst are chosen, the XLR portion of the port is ignored.
Likewise, if you choose Mic, the 1/4-inch
part of the connector is ignored.
Inserts 1 and 2
Mbox provides an insert point on each input
channel. These TRS ports send and return the
input channel’s signal directly after the preamplifier, and before the A/D converter. This allows the insertion of analog processors such as
compressors or equalizers, which are typically
used as inserts on traditional analog recording
consoles. See “Using the Analog Inserts” on
page 34.
Do not plug instruments, speakers, or headphones into the 1/4-inch jacks labelled “Inserts.” These are not inputs. They are special connectors for using an external effects
processor such as a compressor or EQ.
Making Signal Connections to
Mbox
Mbox can be used in a variety of audio setups.
This section describes how to make basic connections for:
• Monitoring
• Analog and digital input for recording
Mbox Line Outputs feature 24-bit digital-to-analog converters capable of maximum output of
+4 dBu/+2 dBV (balanced/unbalanced signal).
The connectors are TRS ports; unbalanced TS
connectors are also supported.
You cannot monitor Pro Tools audio
through speakers connected to your computer. To monitor audio, connect headphones, powered speakers, or an external
amplifier to your Mbox.
To connect headphones:
• Connect headphones with an 1/8-inch stereo
mini connector (or an adapter) to the front
Headphone jack.
– or –
• Connect headphones with a 1/4-inch stereo
connector (or adapter) to the back Headphone jack.
• Hardware Inserts
• Mixdown
Monitoring Audio
The front panel Headphone control adjusts
the volume level of both the front and back
Headphone jacks.
There are two Headphone ports, giving you a
choice between the back panel 1/4-inch TRS
port or the 1/8-inch mini port on the front
panel.
The Mbox Headphone output can produce
very loud output levels. Prolonged exposure
can cause hearing damage. Adjust headphone volume carefully.
Mbox Line Outputs play the audio that is routed
in Pro Tools to Analog Outputs 1–2, and can
provide left and right outputs to a two-track
deck for mixdown, or to another stereo destination.
Only one Headphone output can be used at
a time. When headphones are connected to
both Headphone outputs, the front panel
Headphone output is muted.
Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections
33
To connect to a home stereo:
To connect an analog audio source:
■ Using 1/4-inch cables, connect the Line Outputs on the back panel of Mbox to the appropriate inputs on your stereo.
1 Plug an XLR or TRS cable directly into
Home stereo systems often use RCA connectors. You can use an adaptor or a special cable to convert from the TRS or TS connectors
used by Mbox to the RCA connectors on
your home stereo.
To connect monitor speakers with a power amp or
self-powered monitor speakers:
■ Using 1/4-inch cables, connect the Line Outputs on the back of Mbox to the appropriate inputs on your mixer, power amp, or powered
speakers.
Connecting Audio Sources to
Mbox for Recording
Digital and analog audio sources can be connected directly to Mbox.
Analog Audio
Analog audio signals are output by microphones, synthesizers, mixers, and instruments
with magnetic pickups.
Of these sources, microphones and magnetic
pickup instruments output the quietest signals,
and generally require the most amplification.
Keyboards, preamps, and mixers output “linelevel” audio, which varies with each device between the –10 dBV and +4 dBu standards.
To accommodate these varying sources, Mbox
provides switchable line input types (and associated impedances) with adjustable gain for each
input channel.
34
Getting Started with Mbox
Mic/Line Input 1 or 2 on Mbox. These inputs accept XLR connectors or TRS connectors.
2 Step through choices by repeatedly pressing
each channel’s Source button until the LED corresponding to your choice lights.
To activate phantom power:
■ If your microphone requires phantom power,
first make sure the microphone is connected,
then press the Phantom Power switch (labeled
48V).
Enabling phantom power enables 48V
through both mic inputs.
Using the Analog Inserts
The analog input channels on Mbox each feature a dedicated Tip Ring Sleeve (TRS) insert
point. These hardware inserts break the analog
input path before it is converted to a digital signal and sent to Pro Tools. This is where you can
insert a compressor, equalizer, or other serial effect into the analog signal path.
Because the inserts on Mbox are hardware
inserts that divert the signal path before it
reaches Pro Tools, they are not available as
hardware inserts within Pro Tools. For more
information, see the Pro Tools Reference
Guide.
To insert a device you will need a TRS Insert cable that has a TRS connector on one end, breaking out to two unbalanced (T/S) Y-connectors.
The connector attached to the tip is the send,
and the connector attached to the ring is the return.
To insert a device in the signal path:
1 You will need a cable that breaks a TRS con-
nector on one end out to two unbalanced connectors. The type of unbalanced connector is
determined by the inputs of the device.
2 Locate the unbalanced connectors and deter-
mine which corresponds to tip, and which to
ring.
3 Connect the unbalanced connector that cor-
responds to tip to the input port of the device.
4 Connect the unbalanced connector that cor-
To configure Mbox to record from a digital
source, choose Setups > Hardware Setup in
Pro Tools, then select S/PDIF in the Clock
Source and Ch 1–2 Input pop-up menus.
S/PDIF Mirroring
Pro Tools LE uses S/PDIF mirroring to automatically “mirror” the audio that is sent to Line Outputs 1 and 2 on the S/PDIF RCA outputs. This is
useful, for example, if you are monitoring a mix
using your Line Outputs, and also recording the
same source to an external S/PDIF device.
responds to ring to the output port of the device.
5 Insert the TRS connector into an insert port
on Mbox.
Connecting a Recorder for
Mixdowns
Mbox provides digital inputs and outputs for
S/PDIF format digital audio.
After you record and mix your sessions in
Pro Tools, you may want to mix them down to a
DAT, CD recorder, Mini-Disc, or other stereo 2track recording device.
About S/PDIF
Connecting an Analog Deck
S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interchange Format) I/O is available on many DAT decks, compact disc players, and other digital devices. Each
S/PDIF connection provides two channels of
digital audio with 24-bit capability.
Connect the Line Outputs on the back of the
Mbox to your recorder’s analog inputs. Line
Outputs 1 and 2 should be routed to the left and
right inputs, respectively, on your recorder.
These outputs are TRS ports. You may need
adapter cables if your mixdown deck has RCA
inputs.
Digital Audio
To connect a S/PDIF device to Mbox:
1 Use two 75-ohm coaxial cables with male RCA
connectors on both ends (purchased separately).
2 Connect the device’s S/PDIF output to Mbox’s
S/PDIF input port, and the device’s S/PDIF input
to Mbox’s S/PDIF output port.
Connecting a Digital Deck
If you have a CD recorder, DAT deck or other device that accepts S/PDIF connections, connect it
to the S/PDIF In and S/PDIF Out RCA ports on
the back of Mbox.
When recording from Pro Tools to a digital
device, make sure Pro Tools is in Internal
clock mode.
Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections
35
MIDI Connections
By adding a compatible MIDI interface to your
system, you can take advantage of all the MIDI
features of Pro Tools LE, including recording
and editing MIDI tracks.
See the Mbox Basics Guide for information
on basic MIDI concepts.
USB MIDI interfaces work effectively with
Pro Tools systems on Windows or Macintosh.
Serial MIDI interfaces are supported on Windows systems only.
Only USB MIDI interfaces are compatible
with Pro Tools systems for Mac OS X. Modem-to-serial port adapters and serial MIDI
devices are not supported.
See Appendix E, “Configuring Midi Studio
Setup (Windows Only)” or Appendix F,
“Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)” for
detailed information on how to identify external MIDI devices connected to your MIDI
interface and configure your MIDI studio
for use with Pro Tools.
To connect MIDI devices to your system:
1 Connect the MIDI interface to your computer
according to the MIDI interface’s documentation.
2 Install any MIDI driver software required by
the MIDI interface. (Once you have installed
your MIDI interface hardware and software,
confirm that it is working properly using the
procedure given in the interface’s documentation.)
3 Connect the MIDI OUT of your MIDI device
or controller to the MIDI IN of your MIDI interface.
36
Getting Started with Mbox
4 Connect the MIDI IN of your MIDI device or
controller to the MIDI OUT of your MIDI interface.
MIDI is not audio. To hear the output of
your MIDI devices within Pro Tools, you
must route the audio output of your MIDI
device into your Mbox inputs, and monitor
or record the audio into your session. See
“Making Signal Connections to Mbox” on
page 33.
chapter 5
Working with Pro Tools LE
This tutorial of Pro Tools LE software introduces
its main windows and features, and also includes a step-by-step overview of audio recording (see “Basic Recording” on page 49).
Starting a Session
All features described in this chapter are explained fully in the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
2 Choose File > New Session.
To create a new session:
1 Launch Pro Tools LE.
3 In the New Session dialog, set the sample rate,
You can view an electronic PDF version of the
Reference Guide by choosing it from the
Pro Tools menu.
bit depth, and other options for the new session.
Session Basics
Pro Tools LE projects are created and saved as
sessions. Sessions store all tracks, audio, MIDI,
and other session information. Audio and fade
files are stored in folders within the session
folder.
New Session dialog
4 Select where you want to save your session. If
you are using external hard drives with your
Pro Tools system, make sure you select the appropriate drive in the New Session dialog.
Session file, Audio Files and Fade Files folders
5 Type a name for your session.
6 Click Save. The new session opens its Mix,
Edit, and Transport windows (see Figure 5 on
page 38).
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
37
Main Windows
The Mix, Edit, and Transport windows are the
main Pro Tools work areas. You can show any of
these windows by choosing them from the Windows menu.
Press Control+Equals (=) in Windows or
Command+Equals (=) on Macintosh to
switch between the Edit and Mix windows.
Mix Window Displays the Pro Tools mixer, with
its familiar fader strip controls for volume, pan,
solo, mute, and signal routing.
Edit Window Displays tracks in the session along
the Timeline, for editing of audio, MIDI, and automation data.
Transport Provides standard transport controls
for Play, Stop, Rewind, Fast-Forward, Pause, and
Record. The Transport window can also show
Counter and MIDI Control displays.
Edit window
Workspace The Workspace browser is a DigiBase feature available in Pro Tools 6 and higher.
For more information see the DigiBase Guide.
Rulers
Pro Tools LE provides several different rulers to
select as the timebase for your session.
Timebase Rulers, displayed along the top of the
Edit window, include Bars:Beats, Minutes:Seconds, and Samples. The current timebase determines the format of the Main counter, and provides the basis for the Edit window Grid.
To select a Timebase Ruler:
■ Click the name of the ruler at the top left side
of the Edit window (Bars:Beats, Minutes:Seconds, or Samples).
Mix window
Main Counter
Rulers
Tracks
Transport window
Figure 5. Main session windows
38
Getting Started with Mbox
Main Counter
Tracks
Setting a Tempo
Using the Click Plug-In
You can set the tempo for your session by using
the Song Start Marker, located in the Tempo
Ruler.
The Click plug-in creates an audio click during
session playback. This works like a metronome
that you can use as a tempo reference when performing and recording.
To set the session tempo with the Song Start
Marker:
1 In the Tempo Ruler, double-click the Song
Start Marker.
The Click plug-in is synchronized to the tempo
and meter of the Pro Tools session, and follows
any changes in tempo and meter.
The Click plug-in is one of many plug-ins
that can be inserted on a Pro Tools track.
See “Plug-Ins” on page 57.
Song Start
marker
Song Start marker
2 In the Tempo Change dialog, enter the BPM
(beats per minute) value you will use for the session (so the inserted tempo event replaces the
default tempo).
Click plug-in
Click Parameters
MIDI In LED Illuminates each time the Click
plug-in receives a click message from the
Pro Tools application, indicating the tempo.
Accented Controls the output level of the accent beat (beat 1 of each bar) of the audio click.
Change Tempo dialog
3 To base the BPM value on a different note
Unaccented Controls the output level of the unaccented beats of the audio click.
value (such as an eighth-note rather than the
default quarter-note), select a note value in the
Resolution section.
4 Click OK.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
39
Using an External MIDI Click
To use the Click plug-in:
1 Choose MIDI > Click to enable the Click option.
– or –
Select the Click button in the Transport window.
Pro Tools also provides a MIDI Click option that
lets you use an external MIDI device to play a
click. This feature can be turned on and off in
the Transport window, and is configured from
the MIDI Click Options dialog.
To configure and enable an external MIDI click:
Click button
1 Choose MIDI > Click Options.
Click and Tempo Controls in the Transport window
2 Create a mono Auxiliary Input (Aux Input)
track.
3 Insert a Click plug-in on the Auxiliary Input
track.
4 In the Click plug-in window, choose a click
sound from the Librarian pop-up menu (this
menu displays “factory default” when you first
insert the plug-in).
5 Choose MIDI > Click Options and set the
Click and Countoff options as desired. (Click
OK to apply these options.)
The Note, Velocity, Duration, and Output
options in this dialog are for use with MIDI
instrument-based clicks and do not affect
the Click plug-in.
Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide for
more information on configuring Click options.
6 Begin playback. A click is generated according
to the tempo and meter of the current session
and the settings in the Click Options dialog.
40
Getting Started with Mbox
Click/Countoff Options dialog
2 Configure the click parameters as needed for
your MIDI sound source.
See Appendix E, “Configuring Midi Studio
Setup (Windows Only)” or Appendix F,
“Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only).” for
detailed information on how to identify external MIDI devices connected to your MIDI
interface and configure your MIDI studio
for use with Pro Tools.
3 Select the desired MIDI sound source from the
Output pop-up menu and click OK.
4 During recording or playback, you can turn
the Click on or off with the Click button in the
MIDI Controls display of the Transport window.
System Resources and Settings
You can change specific Pro Tools system settings to optimize system performance.
Click button
Playback Engine Dialog
Tempo Controls
Click and Tempo Controls in the Transport window
Saving Sessions
The Playback Engine dialog lets you adjust system buffer sizes and allocate CPU processing
power to Pro Tools.
To configure system resources:
■
For Windows systems, see Chapter 2,
“Windows Configuration.” For Macintosh
systems, see Chapter 3, “Macintosh Configuration.”
As you build a session by adding tracks and
changing session controls, you will want to save
your work. Pro Tools provides three ways to save
sessions.
To save a session:
Choose File > Save Session, Save Session As, or
Save a Session Copy In.
■
Save Session Saves the currently open session
file, leaving it open for you to continue working.
Save Session As Creates a duplicate session file
with the name you choose, and leaves the duplicate open for you to continue working. It does
not create a new Audio Files or Fade Files folder.
This can be useful if you want to experiment
with different arrangements in the session without affecting the original session.
Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
System Usage Window
The System Usage window displays approximate information on CPU load, DSP usage, and
(on Macintosh systems only) overall disk performance, so you can gauge your system’s processing capacity.
Meters in the System Usage window
To view system resources and usage:
■
Choose Windows > Show System Usage.
Save Session Copy In Saves copies of the session
file and the files that you are using in the current session. This can be useful for creating a final copy of the session that does not include audio files or fades you are no longer using.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
41
Transport Controls
The Transport window provides access to all
Pro Tools LE transport commands. Different
transport controls can be displayed or hidden in
this window.
The Transport window can also display a Master
Counter, as well as the following MIDI controls:
Wait for Note, Click, Countoff, MIDI Merge,
Conductor, Meter, and Tempo.
Click
Wait for Note
Countoff
To show the Transport window:
■
Choose Window > Show Transport Window.
MIDI Merge
Return To Zero
Tempo Controls
Fast Forward
Rewind
Online
Play
Go to End
Stop
Record
Meters
Conductor
Transport window (MIDI Controls)
To start and stop playback:
1 Click Play in the Transport window to begin
playback.
2 Click Stop in the Transport window to stop
Transport window (Expanded view shown)
To configure the Transport window:
Choose Display > Transport Window Shows
and select view options.
■
The Transport window provides Play, Stop, and
other standard transport controls.
The Expanded view of the Transport window
provides pre- and post-roll, start, end, and
length indicators for Timeline selection, as well
as the Transport Master selector.
42
Getting Started with Mbox
playback.
Press the Spacebar on your computer keyboard to start and stop playback.
Pro Tools LE starts playing from the location of the cursor, or from the beginning of
the current selection. The current setting of
the Link Edit and Timeline Selection command in the Operations menu also affects
playback. See the Pro Tools Reference Guide
for more information.
Tracks
Track type is indicated by the Track Type icons
just below the faders.
Pro Tools LE lets you create audio and MIDI
tracks for audio and MIDI recording, submixing,
routing, automating, and editing.
Pro Tools provides four types of tracks: audio
tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, Master Faders, and
MIDI tracks. Audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, and
Master Faders can be mono or stereo.
Audio Tracks Record and play back audio to and
from hard disk, monitor audio input when
record-enabled, and edit audio regions
Auxiliary Inputs Audio mixer channels, used for
input, routing, and submixing
Master Faders Provide master channel controls
and options for any output or bus path
MIDI Tracks Record, play back, and edit MIDI
data
To create a new track:
1 Choose File > New Track.
Audio
track
Aux
Input
MIDI Master
track Fader
Tracks in the Mix window
In the Edit window, tracks are displayed horizontally along the Timeline. The area in which
audio appears for each track is the Playlist.
Timeline
New Track dialog
Rulers View
2 Specify the number of tracks, track type, and
mono or stereo (for all types except MIDI).
3 Click Create.
In the Mix window, audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, Master Faders, and MIDI tracks appear as
vertical channel strips.
Audio Track
Timeline Rulers and a stereo audio track in the Edit
window
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
43
Audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, Master Faders,
and MIDI tracks can be automated.
Inserts
Inserts Inserts on Master Faders are post-fader
only. (Audio track and Aux input track inserts
are all pre-fader.)
Sends Master Faders do not provide sends. To
send an output to another destination, use an
Auxiliary Input.
MIDI Tracks
Sends
Input
Output
Automation mode
Pan sliders
Record
Enable
Solo
Mute
Open Output window
Volume
fader
Clipping indicator
(lights red)
Level meter
Voice Selector
Color Bar
Group enable
Track Type icon
Volume
Track name
Track comment area
Figure 6. Stereo audio track in the Mix window
Audio Tracks
Audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, and Master Faders share many identical controls. Master Faders
provide all the same features as audio tracks and
Auxiliary Inputs, with the following exceptions:
Input Selector A Master Fader’s output assignment determines its input, or source (always
outputs 1–2).
44
Getting Started with Mbox
MIDI tracks provide volume, solo, and mute, in
addition to MIDI input, output, channel, and
program (patch) controls. MIDI volume, mute,
and pan can also be automated using Pro Tools
automation features (see “Mix Automation” on
page 58 for more information).
Regions Lists
A region is a piece of audio or MIDI data that can
also have associated automation data. For example, a region could be a loop, a guitar riff, a verse
of a song, a sound effect, a piece of dialog, or an
entire sound file. In Pro Tools, regions are created from audio or MIDI files, and can be arranged in audio and MIDI track playlists.
All regions that are recorded, imported, or created by editing appear in the Audio and MIDI
Regions Lists. Regions can be dragged from either list to tracks and arranged in any order. Audio regions can also be auditioned from the Regions Lists by Option-clicking the audio region
name. The Regions List pop-up menus provide
features for managing regions and files (such as
sorting, selecting, importing, or exporting files).
3 Click in a track or Timebase Ruler. The cursor
Drag border to resize
width of Regions Lists
Click Audio Regions
for pop-up menus
appears at the selected location and the
counters display the current time location.
Click in a track or on a Timebase Ruler
Drag border to
resize height of
Regions Lists
Click MIDI Regions
for pop-up menus
Clicking with the Selector in the Edit window
Click to hide Regions Lists
To navigate using the counters:
Audio and MIDI Regions Lists
1 Click in the Main counter and enter a location
using your computer keyboard.
For more information on Regions Lists, refer
to the Pro Tools Reference Guide or the
DigiBase Guide.
Navigating in a Session
Pro Tools LE provides many ways to navigate in
a session, including using the mouse or entering
a memory location into one of the counters.
To navigate to a location in the Edit window:
2 Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Macintosh).
Navigating with the Counter
Press the * (asterisk) key on the numeric
keypad as an alternative to clicking in the
counter. (The cursor will always appear in
the Transport window’s Main Counter if it
is displayed.)
1 In the Operations menu, make sure Link Edit
and Timeline Selection option is enabled.
2 Enable the Selector tool at the top of the Edit
window by clicking it.
Selector tool
Edit tools in Edit window
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
45
Memory Locations
Memory Locations provide another way to navigate within sessions. Memory Locations appear
as markers under the Timebase Rulers.
To define a memory location:
To go to a stored memory location:
1 Choose Windows > Show Memory Locations.
2 In the Memory Locations window, click the
name of the memory location.
Viewing and Zooming
1 Navigate to the location at which you want to
store a marker or memory location.
– or –
Begin playback.
2 Press Enter on the numeric keypad while
stopped or during playback (or click the Markers
icon).
When viewing tracks in the Edit window, you
can adjust the height of tracks as well as zoom in
vertically and horizontally using the Track
Height selector and Zoom tools.
Zoom buttons
Zoom presets
Zoomer
In the New Memory Location window, you can
define a marker, store a selection, or store any
combination of the other available settings.
These settings include track height, group enables, pre- and post-roll values, and track
Show/Hide status.
3 Choose settings for the memory location and
click OK.
Track Height Selector
Zoom and Track Height tools in the Edit window
New Memory Location window
46
Getting Started with Mbox
To change track height:
To store a new Zoom preset definition:
Click the Track Height Selector, and select a
track height from the pop-up menu.
■ Command-click a Zoom preset number to
store the current horizontal and vertical Zoom
to that preset.
■
You can apply many commands, including
track height selection, to more than just a
single track. Hold down the Alt key (Windows) or Option key (Macintosh) while performing an operation to apply it to all
tracks. Hold down both the Shift and Alt
keys (Windows) or Shift and Option keys
(Macintosh) while performing an operation
to apply it to all selected tracks.
To zoom in or out on any area of a track in the Edit
window:
1 Click to select the Zoomer.
2 Click or drag with the Zoomer to zoom in horizontally for a track or Ruler.
– or –
Press Option and click or drag with the Zoomer
to zoom out horizontally for a track or Ruler.
To zoom in or out incrementally:
In Pro Tools, click the appropriate Zoom button:
■
• Left Arrow (Horizontal Zoom Out)
• Right Arrow (Horizontal Zoom In)
• Waveform and MIDI buttons, to increase or
decrease vertical zoom of the appropriate
track type (audio or MIDI)
Pro Tools also provides five Zoom preset buttons. You can use these to immediately return to
established zoom levels; you can define the
magnification level for each preset, on a sessionby-session basis.
To use a stored Zoom preset:
■
Using Memory Locations for Zoom Control
Pro Tools Memory Locations let you store many
attributes with each marker or memory location, including Track Height and Zoom Settings.
By creating Memory Locations that are neither
Markers nor Selections, but have Track Height,
Zoom Settings, or other options enabled, you
can use Memory Locations to zoom in and out
using just the numeric keypad.
For more information on creating memory
locations, see “Memory Locations” on
page 46.
Importing Audio
Pro Tools LE lets you import existing audio files
from disk. This is very useful if you have audio
files already recorded to disk or if you are working with CD-based sample libraries that you
want to use in a new session.
To import audio files or regions from disk:
■ Choose File > Import Audio to Track to import
files and regions to new audio tracks (they will
also appear as regions in the Audio Regions List).
– or –
■ Choose Import Audio from the Audio Regions
List pop-up menu to import files and regions to
the Audio Regions List only.
For more information on importing audio
into sessions, refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Click the appropriate Zoom preset 1–5.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
47
To import a CD audio track:
1 Put the source CD into your computer’s CD
drive.
7 You can audition the audio file by clicking on
the speaker icon in the waveform window.
2 Use a third party software program of your
choice to extract audio from the CD.
3 In the session, create a new track by choosing
File > New Track.
Auditioning an audio file in the Workspace Browser
Creating a new stereo audio track
8 Drag the audio file from the Workspace
4 In the New Track dialog, specify 1 Stereo Au-
Browser to the audio track you created in your
session.
dio Track, and click Create.
5 Open the Workspace Browser by choosing
Windows > Show Workspace. The Workspace
Browser is a window where you can find, audition, and manage your audio files.
Dragging the audio file from the Workspace Browser to
an audio track
Opening the Workspace Browser
6 In the Workspace Browser, navigate to the lo-
cation where you saved the audio you extracted
from your CD in step 2.
If you are running Pro Tools on Mac OS X,
you can import audio using the Movie > Import Audio From Other Movie command.
For more information, see the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
DigiBase provides additional options for
importing audio. See the DigiBase Guide for
more information.
Browsing in the Workspace Browser
48
Getting Started with Mbox
Basic Recording
This section describes how to record audio and
MIDI into Pro Tools LE.
Preparing for Recording
To prepare an audio track for recording:
1 Verify the connections to your instruments.
For more information about connecting instruments to Mbox, refer to Chapter 4,
“Mbox Hardware and Connections” as well
as the Mbox Basics Guide.
5 Use the Gain controls on Mbox to maximize
the signal going into Pro Tools while avoiding
clipping.
Clipping occurs when you feed a signal to
an audio device that is louder than the circuitry can accept. To avoid clipping, adjust
the Gain control to a level where the Peak
LEDs on the front of the Mbox flicker occasionally.
6 On the front of the Mbox, turn the Mix knob
fully left to Input. To hear an equal mix of playback and input signals, turn the Mix knob to the
center. See Mbox Basics Guide for more information on using the Mix knob during recording.
2 Create a new track to record on by choosing
File > New Track. Specify 1 Mono Audio Track
and click Create.
Recording an Audio Track
3 In the Mix window, click the Input Selector on
To record an audio track:
the new track.
1 Assign the input for a track and set its input
levels appropriately.
2 Click the Record Enable button for a track.
Input selector
(See Figure 6 on page 44).
3 Choose Windows > Show Transport to display
the Transport window.
Choosing an input in the Mix window
Return To Zero
4 From the pop-up menu, select the interface in-
put you want to record. For example, select
Mic/Line 1 if your audio source is plugged into
the Source 1 jack on the back of the Mbox.
Fast Forward
Rewind
Online
Play
Go to End
Stop
Record
Transport window (Expanded view shown)
Routing an input to a mono track
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
49
4 Click Return To Zero to start recording from
the beginning of the session. You can also record
according to a selection or from the cursor location in the Edit window.
5 Click Record in the Transport window to enable recording.
6 Click Play or press the Spacebar to record on
all record-enabled tracks.
2 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 MIDI
Track, then click Create.
3 In the Mix window, click the track’s MIDI Output Selector and choose the destination (assignment) for that MIDI track by choosing a MIDI
interface port, a channel, or a device from the
pop-up menu. Choices vary depending on the
operating system, Pro Tools version, and the
hardware and instruments you have connected.
7 Record your performance.
8 Click Stop in the Transport window or press
the Spacebar when you are finished recording.
To play back a recorded track:
1 Click the track’s Record Enable button a second time to take it out of Record mode.
2 Click Play in the Transport window or press
the Spacebar to start playback.
3 Click Stop in the Transport window or press
the Spacebar to stop playback.
Recording MIDI
To configure a MIDI track for recording:
1 For Macintosh systems, choose MIDI > Input
Devices and make sure your input device is selected in the MIDI Input Enable window. Click
OK to apply your changes.
MIDI Output Selector
4 You can assign a default program change to
the track by clicking on the Program button in
the Mix window and making the necessary selections for program and bank select, and then
clicking Done. Default program changes are
sent when playing a track.
5 In the Mix Window, record-enable the MIDI
track.
6 Make sure MIDI > MIDI Thru is selected, then
play some notes on your MIDI controller. The
MIDI instrument assigned to the track should
sound, and the track’s meters should register
MIDI activity.
50
Getting Started with Mbox
To record onto a MIDI track:
Monitoring MIDI Instruments Without a Mixer
1 Verify that the MIDI track you want to record
to is record-enabled and receiving MIDI.
To monitor your MIDI instrument’s analog output, you can use an Auxiliary Input. Auxiliary
Inputs function as inputs for both internally
bussed signals and external audio sources.
2 In the Transport window, click Return To Zero
to start recording from the beginning of the session. You can also record according to a selection or from the cursor location in the Edit
window.
3 Click Record in the Transport window.
4 Click Play in the Transport window or press
the Spacebar to begin recording.
– or –
If using Wait for Note, the Play, Record, and
Wait for Note buttons flash. Recording begins
when the first MIDI event is received.
– or –
If using Countoff, click Play. The Record and
Play buttons flash during the Countoff, then recording begins.
5 Play your MIDI instrument.
6 When you have finished recording, click Stop
in the Transport window, or press the Spacebar.
The newly recorded MIDI data appears as a MIDI
region on the track in the Edit window, as well
as in the MIDI Regions List.
To play back a recorded MIDI track:
To configure an Auxiliary Input for MIDI
monitoring:
1 Connect the MIDI instrument’s audio output
to the appropriate inputs on your Mbox.
2 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 mono
or stereo Auxiliary Input, then click Create.
3 Click the Input selector of the Auxiliary Input
channel and choose the input to which your
MIDI instrument is connected.
4 Adjust the level of the Auxiliary Input with its
volume fader.
Editing
Pro Tools LE provides several tools for editing
audio and MIDI. In the Edit window, audio and
MIDI tracks can be edited into regions or repeated in different locations, to create loops, rearrange sections or entire songs, or to assemble
tracks using material from multiple takes.
Edit Modes
Edit Tools
1 Click the Record Enable button to take the
MIDI track out of Record mode.
2 In the Transport window, click Return To Zero
Edit modes and tools (Slip mode, Smart Tool enabled)
to play back from the beginning of the track.
You can also play back according to a selection
or from the cursor location in the Edit window.
3 Click Play in the Transport window to begin
playback. The recorded MIDI data plays back
through the track’s assigned instrument and
channel.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
51
Audio and MIDI editing are typically used to:
• Fix or replace mistakes
• Re-arrange songs and projects
• Clean up track timing and rhythm by
aligning hits to Grid values like bars and
beats
• Create final tracks using selections from
multiple takes (also known as comp tracks).
Edit Modes
Edit Tools
Pro Tools LE has seven Edit tools: Zoomer, Trimmer, Selector, Grabber, Scrubber, Pencil, and
Smart Tool. Select an Edit tool by clicking it in
the Edit window. The Zoomer, Trimmer, Grabber, and Pencil tools have multiple modes,
which you can select from a pop-up menu when
you click the tool.
Trimmer
Grabber
Selector
Pro Tools LE has four Edit modes: Shuffle, Spot,
Slip, and Grid. The Edit mode is selected by
clicking the corresponding button in the upper
left of the Edit window.
Zoomer
Smart Tool
Scrubber
Pencil
Edit tools in Edit window
Edit mode buttons
Press F1 (Shuffle), F2 (Slip), F3 (Spot), and
F4 (Grid) to set the Edit mode.
The Edit mode affects the movement and placement of audio and MIDI regions (and individual
MIDI notes), how commands like Copy and
Paste function, and also how the various edit
tools (Trimmer, Selector, Grabber, and Pencil)
work.
Press the Escape key to toggle through the
Edit tools.
For detailed descriptions of the Edit Tools,
refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Editing Regions
The Edit tools in Pro Tools LE are used to edit regions in the Edit window.
For detailed descriptions of Edit modes, refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Audio region
52
Getting Started with Mbox
Trimming Regions
6 Click at the end of the region and drag left to
shorten the region.
After recording an audio track, you will have an
audio region on that track. If there is some silence at the beginning of the region, or there is
some extra audio at the end of the region, you
can use the Trimmer tool in Slip mode to
shorten the beginning or end of the region.
The trimmed region
Audio region on a track
You can also extend a region using the Trimmer
tool if there is audio data beyond the current
boundaries of the region. If extending the region’s beginning, drag to the left; if extending
the region’s end, drag to the right.
To trim an audio region:
1 Select Slip mode.
2 Select the Trimmer tool.
3 Move the cursor near the beginning of the audio region (notice the cursor displays as a “[”).
Arranging Regions
There are many ways to edit and arrange regions; the following example demonstrates how
you might create and arrange a drum loop to
compose a rhythm track.
To create and arrange a rhythm sequence:
1 Open or create a session in Pro Tools LE.
2 Specify the session meter (MIDI > Change
Trimming the beginning of a region
Meter) and tempo (MIDI > Change Tempo).
4 Click at the beginning of the region and drag
3 Select Grid mode.
right to shorten the region.
4 Prepare to record using a MIDI click (see “Us-
5 Move the cursor near the end of the audio re-
ing the Click Plug-In” on page 39 or “Using an
External MIDI Click” on page 40).
gion (notice the cursor displays as a “]”).
5 Record a drum track (see “Recording an Audio
Trimming the end of a region
Track” on page 49) keeping in mind that you
want to use only the best bar (measure). Your recording should fit the grid at the specified
tempo and meter.
– or –
Import an existing audio file, such as a drum
loop from a sample library, and place it on an
audio track (see “Importing Audio” on page 47).
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
53
6 Click the Selector tool, and drag on the waveform with the Selector to make a one-bar selection. Note that the selection snaps to the
specified grid.
could separate beats or “hits” into individual regions and rearrange them in Grid or Shuffle
mode as a way of coming up with new and interesting rhythms.
Playlists and Nondestructive Editing
Making a selection in Grid mode
7 Create a new audio track (File > New Track).
8 From the Grabber pop-up menu, select the
Separation Grabber tool.
9 With the Separation Grabber tool, drag the selection to the beginning of the new audio track.
A new region is created and appears at the beginning of the new track.
Playlists let you create and retrieve multiple versions of track edits. A playlist can be a complete
take, an overdub, or an arrangement of selections from multiple takes. You can duplicate
playlists to save edits in their current state, then
continue making additional edits to the new
playlist knowing you can always go back to the
previous version.
To create multiple playlists for editing:
1 Start with a track on which you want to try
different edits.
2 From the Playlist Selector pop-up menu,
choose Duplicate.
Dragging a selection with the Separation Grabber tool
10 With the new region still selected, choose
Playlist Selector
pop-up menu
Edit > Repeat.
Playlist Selector pop-up menu
3 Name the duplicated playlist and click OK.
4 Make your first series of edits.
Repeat dialog
11 In the Repeat dialog, enter a number of re-
peats, and click OK.
You now have a new rhythm track with a
“looped” (repeated) phrase. You can use these
editing tools to do much more advanced and involved editing of regions. For example, you
54
Getting Started with Mbox
5 Return to the original playlist by selecting it
from the Playlist Selector pop-up menu.
6 Repeat steps 2–5 for any further edits.
In this way, you can try out different edits of a
track, and switch back and forth between playlists for comparison.
Mixing
The Pro Tools mix environment provides many
familiar channel strip controls for setting volume, pan, solo, and mute. Mixer and I/O controls can be shown in both the Mix and Edit
windows.
To view the Mix window:
■
Select Windows > Show Mix.
Press Control+Equals (=) in Windows or
Command+Equals (=) on Macintosh to
switch between the Edit and Mix windows.
Using Channel Strip Controls
Volume Increase or decrease the track level by
dragging its Volume fader up or down.
Pan Pan a track left or right in the mix by dragging its Pan slider left or right.
Solo Solo a track (muting all other tracks) by
clicking its Solo button.
Send and Return Submixing for Effects
Processing
When you are submixing for reverb, delay, and
similar effects processing, you can use sends and
Auxiliary Inputs to achieve traditional send/return bussing. You can use a real-time plug-in
(see “Plug-Ins” on page 57) as a shared resource
for all tracks included in a submix. The wet/dry
balance in the mix can be controlled using the
track faders (dry level) and Auxiliary Input fader
(wet, or effect return level).
Creating a Send
Pro Tools LE provides up to five sends per audio
track. A send can be mono or stereo, routing to
an output or one of 16 internal bus paths.
To assign a send on a track:
1 Make sure Sends View is enabled in the Mix
window (Display > Mix Window Shows > Sends
View).
2 Click the Sends button on an audio track and
choose a path from the pop-up menu.
Mute Mute a track by clicking its Mute button.
Basic Signal Routing
Signal routing is accomplished by assigning
track inputs and outputs. Audio track inputs can
be from any hardware input or bus path. Once
recorded, an audio track’s input is its audio file
on disk. Auxiliary Inputs can be any hardware
input or internal bus path. For all types of audio
tracks, outputs can be routed to any hardware
output or internal bus path.
Assigning a send to a stereo bus path
Together, these signal routing features let you
set up virtually any mixer architecture for your
projects, including sends and returns for effects
processing and submixing.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
55
3 Set the output level of the send. You can set
the send level to zero by Option-clicking the
send fader.
You can configure the default level for new
sends to be –∞ or at unity gain (0 dB) by
enabling or disabling the Sends Default To
“–INF” option under the Operation
Preferences.
Creating a Return
Auxiliary Inputs can be created to act as return
channels for busses, as well as for inputs from
hardware sources.
Send window
Send
to bus 5–6
Real-time plug-in
2 Click the Input Selector of the Auxiliary Input
and set it to the bus path you assigned to the
sends on the source tracks.
3 Click the Output Selector of the Auxiliary In-
put and choose an output path.
Master Faders
Master Faders are used as output and bus masters, and can control any mono or stereo output
or bus path in a session. You can then use the
controls on the Master Fader to control the volume, solo and mute, or apply inserts to those
paths.
When you are mastering your final mix, it is recommended that you use a dither plug-in on the
Master Fader controlling your main outputs (for
more information on dither, see the Pro Tools
Reference Guide).
Dither plug-in applied to final mix
main mix
Output assigned to control
Aux Input
input from bus 5–6
Audio and Auxiliary Input tracks configured for a send
and return
To create a return:
1 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 mono
or stereo Auxiliary Input, then click Create.
56
Getting Started with Mbox
Master Fader controlling main outputs
To create a Master Fader:
1 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 mono
or stereo Master Fader track, then click Create.
2 In the Mix window, click the Master Fader’s
Output Selector and choose the output path
that you want to control. You can choose either
outputs or internal busses.
Real-time plug-ins are assigned to tracks from
the Inserts view in the Mix or Edit windows.
Once assigned to a track, plug-ins appear in the
track’s Inserts view, and can be opened by clicking the Insert button.
Insert button
Plug-In window
To use a Master Fader as a master stereo volume
control for all tracks in a session:
1 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 stereo
Master Fader track, then click Create.
2 Set the outputs of all audio tracks in the ses-
sion to outputs 1–2 and set the panning of each
track.
3 Set the output of the Master Fader to your
main output path (outputs 1–2).
Compressor plug-in
Plug-Ins
To insert a real-time plug-in on a track:
Plug-ins provide EQ, dynamics, delay, and
many other types of effects processing, and
function either in real time or in non-real time.
1 Make sure the Inserts View is shown in the
RTAS plug-ins are nondestructive effects, which
are inserted on tracks to process audio in real
time—just like an external hardware processor
(during playback).
AudioSuite plug-ins are used to process and
modify audio files on disk, rather than nondestructively in real time. Depending on how
you configure a non-real-time AudioSuite plugin, it will either create an entirely new audio file,
or alter the original source audio file.
Mix or Edit window.
2 Click the Insert Selector on the track and se-
lect the plug-in that you want to use.
Pro Tools comes with a complete set of DigiRack
plug-ins, and many more are available from
Digidesign and our Development Partners.
For more information about plug-ins, see
the DigiRack Plug-Ins Guide, the Digidesign Plug-Ins Guide, and the Plug-Ins chapter of the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
57
Mix Automation
Mix automation lets you record, or automate,
changes to track and send levels, mutes, pan,
and plug-in parameters. MIDI tracks provide
volume, pan, and mute automation only.
Once written, automation can be re-written or
displayed and edited graphically in the Edit window.
To write automation:
Track view set to Volume
1 In the Automation Enable window
(Windows > Show Automation Enable), enable
an automation type (volume, pan, mute, send
level, send pan, send mute, or any plug-in automation).
2 Select an automation mode for the tracks to be
Volume breakpoint automation
Volume automation in a track in the Edit window
For more information on using automation,
see the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
automated (Write, Touch, or Latch mode).
3 Start playback and begin writing automation
by adjusting faders and other controls during
playback. Pro Tools LE remembers all moves
performed on enabled parameters.
Final Mixdown
The Bounce to Disk command lets you write a final mix to disk, create a new loop, print effects,
or bounce any submix. Once you have bounced
your final mix to disk, you can use another program to burn the resulting file to compact disc.
When you bounce a track to disk, the bounced
mix includes the following:
Enabling automation (left) and choosing a track
Automation mode (right)
Audible Tracks All audible tracks are included in
the bounce. Any muted tracks do not appear in
the bounce. If you solo a track or region, only
the soloed elements appear in the bounced mix.
Automation All read-enabled automation is
played back and incorporated in the bounced
mix.
Inserts and Sends All active inserts, including
real-time plug-ins and hardware inserts, are applied to the bounced mix.
58
Getting Started with Mbox
Selection or Track Length If you make a selection in a track, the bounced mix will be the
length of the selection. If there is no selection in
any track, the bounce will continue until it
reaches the end of the session.
To Bounce to Disk:
1 Choose File > Bounce to Disk.
2 Select any mono or stereo output or bus path
as the source for the bounce.
3 Select the File Type (such as WAV), Format
(such as mono or stereo), Resolution (such as 16bit), and Sample Rate (such as 44.1 kHz).
To create a mixdown that can be written to
an audio CD, be sure to select WAV, stereo
interleaved, 16-bit, 44.1 kHz.
4 Click Bounce.
Using Dither on Mixdown
You should use a dither plug-in when using the
Bounce To Disk command, or when mastering
to an external device. Bounce to Disk does not
automatically apply dither. To dither a bounce
file, insert an included Digidesign Dither plugin, or another dither plug-in, on a Master Fader
assigned to the bounce source path. Master Faders are often preferable to Auxiliary Inputs because Master Fader inserts are post-fader (which
is better for dither applications).
For more information on using dither, refer
to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE
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appendix a
Windows System Optimizations
When installing Pro Tools on Windows XP,
there are many system variables that affect performance. If you have followed all the Windows
configuration instructions in Chapter 2, “Windows Configuration” and are still experiencing
problems, try the following troubleshooting
suggestions.
Norton Ghost is highly recommended, as it
lets you save your system in a working state
and easily revert to that state should you accidentally disable anything that your computer needs.
For more information on Ghost, visit the Symantec Web site (www.symantec.com)
Advanced Settings
The following system optimizations may help
Pro Tools perform better on some systems. It is
recommended that you only try these optimizations if necessary, as they may disable or adversely affect the functionality of other programs on your system.
Disabling Network Cards
If applicable, disable any networking cards
(other than a 1394 “FireWire” card that you
might use to connect an external drive to your
system).
To disable a network card:
Troubleshooting
1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man-
Blue Screen at Startup
2 Under System Tools, select Device Manager.
If, after installing Pro Tools and QuickTime,
your computer crashes with a blue screen, do
the following:
3 In the Device Manager window, double-click
• Use Add/Remove Programs to uninstall
Pro Tools.
• Use Add/Remove Programs to uninstall
QuickTime.
• Repeat the installation instructions in “Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox” on page 9.
age.
Network adapters, then double-click the Network Adapter card you want to disable.
4 Under the General tab, choose “Do not use
this device (disable)” from the Device Usage
pop-up menu, and click OK.
5 Close the Computer Management window.
Appendix A: Windows System Optimizations
61
Processor Scheduling
To Adjust Processor Scheduling Performance:
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
2 In Classic View, launch System.
If you disable any of the following startup items,
do so carefully:
• Portable media serial number (required for
applications that utilize a copy protection
key)
• Plug and play
3 Click the Advanced tab.
• Event log
4 Under the Performance section, click the Settings button.
• Cryptographic services
5 Click the Advanced tab.
6 Under the Processor scheduling section, select
the Background Services option.
7 Under the Memory Usage section, select the
System cache option.
8 Click OK twice. You will need to restart your
computer for the changes to take effect.
Startup Items
The fewer items in use by your computer, the
more resources are available for Pro Tools LE.
Some startup applications may be consuming
unnecessary CPU resources, and should be
turned off.
• DHCP Client, TCP/IP Net BIOS, and other
networking-related items (unless the computer has no network or internet connection, in which case these items can be
disabled)
Norton Ghost is highly recommended, as it
lets you save your system in a working state
and easily revert to that state should you accidentally disable anything that your computer needs.
For more information on Ghost, visit the Symantec Web site (www.symantec.com)
To Disable System Startup Items:
1 From the Start menu, choose Run.
2 Type “msconfig” and click OK. The System
Configuration Utility opens.
3 Under the General tab, choose Selective
Startup.
4 Deselect Load Startup Items and click OK.
5 Click Restart to restart the computer.
6 After restarting your computer, a System Con-
figuration message dialog is displayed. Try
Pro Tools to see if performance has increased before you uncheck the don't show this message
again box. If performance has not changed, run
“msconfig” and return your computer Selective
Startup back to Normal Startup. Alternatively,
try disabling start up items and non-essential
processes individually.
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appendix b
Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only)
Introduction
The Digidesign ASIO Driver is a single-client
multichannel sound driver that allows thirdparty audio programs that support the ASIO
standard to record and play back through the
following Digidesign audio interfaces:
• Pro Tools|HD audio interfaces
• Digi 002
• Digi 002 Rack
• Mbox
Full-duplex playback of 24- and 16-bit audio are
supported at sample rates up to 96 kHz, depending on your Digidesign hardware and ASIO program used.
The Digidesign ASIO Driver will provide up to
18 channels of input and output, depending on
your Pro Tools hardware:
• Up to 8 channels of input and output with
Pro Tools|HD systems
• Up to 18 channels of input and output
with Digi 002 and Digi 002 Rack
• Up to 2 channels of input and output with
Mbox
The ASIO Driver is not multi-client. Only
one application at a time can use the ASIO
Driver. Be sure to disable the Windows system sounds. It is also recommended that
you use a separate sound card for games or
other general work.
Check the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com) for the latest thirdparty drivers for Pro Tools hardware, as
well as current known issues.
Compatible Software
This version of Digidesign ASIO Driver can be
used on Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools systems
running on Windows XP.
To use Digidesign ASIO Driver without
Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of
the Digidesign ASIO Driver. The standalone version of Digidesign ASIO Driver is
available on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com)
For a list of ASIO Driver-compatible software,
see the compatibility page of the Digidesign
Web site (www.digidesign.com/compato).
Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
Appendix B: Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only)
63
For a list of Digidesign hardware systems, Digidesign-qualified computers, operating systems,
and devices, and Digidesign-qualified thirdparty ASIO-compatible programs, refer to the
compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com/compato).
Configuring ASIO Driver
Settings
Configuring ASIO Driver settings is done in your
third party ASIO program. See your program’s
documentation. For example, with Propellerhead Reason, click on the ASIO Control Panel.
Installing the ASIO Driver
Digidesign ASIO Driver is automatically installed when you install Pro Tools.
To use Digidesign ASIO Driver without
Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of
the Digidesign ASIO Driver. The standalone version of Digidesign ASIO Driver is
available on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com)
ASIO Control Panel
button
Removing the ASIO Driver
Setup Example, using Propellerhead Reason
If you need to remove the ASIO Driver from
your computer, complete the following steps.
ASIO Driver Control Panel
To remove the ASIO Driver:
From the ASIO Driver Control Panel, you can
configure the ASIO Driver for your Pro Tools
system.
1 Click Start.
2 Click Control Panel.
3 Double-click Add or Remove Programs.
4 From the Currently installed programs list, se-
lect Digidesign Pro Tools.
5 Click the Change/Remove button.
6 Choose the Modify button.
7 Click Next.
8 Uncheck the ASIO Driver box.
9 Click Next.
10 When removal is complete, close the Add or
Remove Programs window.
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Getting Started with Mbox
Digidesign ASIO Control Panel
The Digidesign ASIO Driver Control Panel cannot be accessed under the following circumstances:
• When Pro Tools is running.
• When playing or recording in an audio
program that does not support the ASIO
Driver.
• When using a third-party audio program
that has an option to keep the ASIO Driver
“open” even when you are not playing or
recording. (You must close the audio program before you can open the ASIO Driver
Control Panel.)
In some ASIO-compatible audio programs, performing various tasks will interrupt the ASIO
Driver and may result in clicks and pops in audio playback or recording. Choosing medium or
large buffers (such as 256, 512, or 1024) can help
alleviate this problem.
Changing the Buffer Size for the ASIO Driver
does not affect the H/W Buffer Size settings in
the Pro Tools Playback Engine dialog.
Device
The Device Type will always be set to your installed Pro Tools hardware.
Buffer Size Control
Advanced Button
When you play a file from a client audio program, the client program divides the file into little chunks (buffers) and sends each of these to
the ASIO Driver. The ASIO Driver copies the client program’s buffers to your Digidesign hardware’s own buffers in a double-buffering
scheme. The Buffer Size control in this dialog
lets you to set the size of each of the two buffers
the ASIO Driver uses on Digidesign hardware.
You may select from the following buffer sizes
(depending on your Digidesign hardware):
The Advanced button opens the Hardware Setup
dialog for the Digidesign hardware that you are
using.
• 128 samples
• 256 samples
• 512 samples
• 1024 samples
• 2048 samples
Small buffers have the advantage of low latency
in the record monitor path. (Latency is the time
delay between a signal entering the audio inputs
and leaving the outputs during recording.)
Larger buffers have the advantage of making the
Digidesign ASIO Driver more immune to audio
dropouts during playback and recording.
Appendix B: Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only)
65
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appendix c
Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows Only)
Introduction
The Digidesign WaveDriver is a single-client,
multichannel sound driver that allows thirdparty audio programs that support the
WaveDriver MME (Multimedia Extensions)
standard to play back through the following
Digidesign audio interfaces:
• Pro Tools|HD audio interfaces
• Digi 002
• Digi 002 Rack
• Mbox
Playback of 24- and 16-bit audio are supported
at sample rates of up to 48 kHz, as supported by
the hardware and WaveDriver program used.
The Digidesign WaveDriver will provide 2 channels of output.
The WaveDriver is not multi-client. Only
one application at a time can use the
WaveDriver. Be sure to disable the Windows system sounds. It is also recommended that you use a separate sound card
for games or other general work. For thirdparty soft-synthesizer and samplers, use the
Digidesign ASIO Driver (refer to the ASIO
Driver Usage Guide).
Check the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com) for the latest thirdparty drivers for Pro Tools hardware, as
well as current known issues.
Compatibility
This version of Digidesign WaveDriver can be
used on Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools systems
running on Windows XP.
To use Digidesign WaveDriver without
Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of
the Digidesign WaveDriver. The standalone version of Digidesign WaveDriver is
available on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com)
Compatible Software
For a list of WaveDriver-compatible software,
see the compatibility page of the Digidesign
Web site (www.digidesign.com/compato).
Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
Appendix C: Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows Only)
67
For a list of Digidesign hardware systems, Digidesign-qualified computers, operating systems,
and devices, and Digidesign-qualified thirdparty WaveDriver-compatible programs, see the
compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com/compato).
Installing the WaveDriver
Digidesign WaveDriver is automatically installed when you install Pro Tools.
To use Digidesign WaveDriver without
Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of
the Digidesign WaveDriver. The standalone version of Digidesign WaveDriver is
available on the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com)
Configuring WaveDriver for
QuickTime Player (Required
for Using iTunes)
In order to let Digidesign hardware play back
through iTunes for Windows, you must configure WaveDriver in the waveOut option of the
QuickTime Player SoundOut settings to waveOut.
To configure WaveDriver as the iTunes default
device:
1 Close all WaveDriver third-party applications
(including iTunes).
2 Choose Start > Programs > QuickTime >
QuickTime Player.
3 In QuickTime Player, choose Edit > Prefer-
ences > QuickTime Preferences.
Removing the WaveDriver
If you need to remove the WaveDriver from
your computer, complete the following steps.
1 Click Start.
2 Click Control Panel.
3 Double-click Add or Remove Programs.
4 From the Currently installed programs list, se-
lect Digidesign Pro Tools.
5 Click the Change/Remove button.
6 Choose the Modify button.
7 Click Next.
8 Uncheck the WaveDriver box.
9 Click Next.
10 When removal is complete, close the Add or
Remove Programs window.
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Getting Started with Mbox
4 From the pop-up menu, choose Sound Out.
5 From the Choose a device for playback pop-up
menu, select the waveOut option (and the name
of your Digidesign device, if any).
6 Close QuickTime Player.
7 Re-launch iTunes.
You may also need to add iTunes to the
WaveDriver Opt-In list. See “Adding Third
Party Applications to the WaveDriver OptIn List” on page 69.
Configuring WaveDriver for
Windows Media Player and
Other Third-Party WaveDriver
Programs
WaveDriver is configured in the Sounds and Audio Devices Control Panel (for programs that
use the Windows Sound Playback Default Device, such as Windows Media Player), or as a
preference for third-party WaveDriver programs.
To configure WaveDriver as the Windows Sound
Playback Default Device (for example, for
Windows Media Player):
1 Open the Sounds and Audio Devices Control
Panel.
2 Click the Audio tab.
3 Select the Digidesign audio interface in the
Sound Playback default device lists.
4 Close the Control Panel. When you run Win-
dows Media Player, it automatically output to
your Digidesign hardware.
You may also need to add your third party
WaveDriver program to the WaveDriver
Opt-In list. See “Adding Third Party Applications to the WaveDriver Opt-In List” on
page 69.
To configure WaveDriver for a third party
WaveDriver application:
■ In the third-party program, select the Digidesign audio interface as the preference for your
playback hardware. Refer to your program’s documentation.
You may also need to add your third party
WaveDriver program to the WaveDriver
Opt-In list. See “Adding Third Party Applications to the WaveDriver Opt-In List” on
page 69.
Adding Third Party
Applications to the
WaveDriver Opt-In List
The Digidesign WaveDriver uses an Opt-In list
to control third party application access to the
Digidesign hardware. Some third party audio
applications may not work with the WaveDriver
unless they are included in this Opt-In list.
For the latest instructions for adding and removing applications to the WaveDriver Opt-In list,
refer to the Digidesign Web site (http://answerbase.digidesign.com/detail.cfm?DID=27424).
Modifying the Digidesign WaveDriver OptIn list requires editing the Windows System
Registry. Because editing the Windows Registry is dangerous, and can result in problems if not done correctly, make sure to
carefully follow the instructions for adding
and removing applications.
Appendix C: Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows Only)
69
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appendix d
Digidesign CoreAudio Driver
(Macintosh Only)
Introduction
The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver is a multi-client, multichannel sound driver that allows
CoreAudio compatible applications to record
and play back through the following Digidesign
audio interfaces.
• Pro Tools|HD audio interfaces
• Digi 002
• Digi 002 Rack
• Mbox
Full-duplex recording and playback of 24-bit audio is supported at sample rates up to 96 kHz,
depending on your Digidesign hardware and
CoreAudio client application.
The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver will provide
up to 18 channels of input and output, depending on your Pro Tools hardware:
• Up to 8 channels of input and output with
Pro Tools|HD systems
• Up to 18 channels of input and output
with Digi 002 and Digi 002 Rack
• Up to 2 channels of input and output with
Mbox
For Pro Tools TDM systems with more than
one card and multiple I/Os, only the primary I/O connected to the first (core) card
can be used with CoreAudio.
Check the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com) for the latest thirdparty drivers for Pro Tools hardware, as
well as current known issues.
Appendix D: Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only)
71
What are the Limitations of
the Digidesign CoreAudio
Driver?
The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver has the following limitations:
◆ Pro Tools is not a CoreAudio application and
therefore requires exclusive access to Digidesign
hardware. You cannot use CoreAudio applications and Pro Tools at the same time. To use
Pro Tools, make sure you quit any CoreAudio
applications before starting Pro Tools. To use a
CoreAudio application, make sure you quit
Pro Tools before starting any CoreAudio application.
◆ The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver cannot be
used to preview sound files from the Finder.
When a sound file is located in the Mac OS X
navigation window, a QuickTime transport bar
is displayed next to it. The QuickTime transport
bar lets you audition the sound file. The sound
will always play back though the Macintosh’s
built-in audio controller (through the Macintosh’s speaker or headphone jack). However, if
you double-click a sound file, the QuickTime application will launch, and can use the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver for playback.
◆ The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver cannot be
used for playback of System Sounds.
Compatibility
This version of Digidesign CoreAudio Driver can
be used on Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools systems running on Macintosh, or it can be used as
a stand-alone driver on Digidesign-qualified
Macintosh systems that do not have Pro Tools
installed.
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Getting Started with Mbox
Compatible Software
For a list of CoreAudio Driver-compatible software, refer to the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com/compato).
Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
For a list of Digidesign hardware systems, Digidesign-qualified computers, operating systems,
and devices, and Digidesign-qualified thirdparty CoreAudio-compatible applications, refer
to the compatibility page of the Digidesign Web
site (www.digidesign.com/compato).
Installing the Digidesign
CoreAudio Driver
The Core Auto Driver is installed by default
when you install Pro Tools.
Stand-Alone CoreAudio Driver Installer
This version of Digidesign CoreAudio Driver can
be installed on Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools
systems running on Macintosh (for example, if
the CoreAudio Driver was uninstalled), or it can
be installed as a stand-alone driver on Macintosh systems that do not have Pro Tools installed.
For detailed information on installing and
configuring CoreAudio Driver on systems
with or without Pro Tools, see the electronic
pdf of the CoreAudio Usage Guide.
Removing the CoreAudio
Driver
To uninstall the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver:
1 Power on your system.
2 Do one of the following:
• On the Pro Tools Installer CD, locate and
double-click the Install CoreAudio file.
– or –
• From the Digidesign Web site, download,
locate, and double-click the Install CoreAudio file.
Digidesign CoreAudio Manager
Use Digidesign CoreAudio Manager to change
the CoreAudio Buffer Size setting, access the
Hardware Setup dialog for your Digidesign hardware and control volume and mute for the CoreAudio driver. Digidesign CoreAudio Manager
also identifies your Digidesign hardware, the
supported number of Input and Output Channels and the number of attached clients (applications).
Digidesign CoreAudio Manager cannot be accessed under the following circumstances:
• When Pro Tools is running
• When another application is using Direct
IO (such as the Ableton Live Digi Edition)
3 In the Install CoreAudio window, select Un-
install from the Custom Install pop-up menu.
4 When the uninstall is complete, quit the
CoreAudio Installer.
Configuring the Digidesign
CoreAudio Driver
You can configure the Digidesign CoreAudio
Driver using Digidesign CoreAudio Manager, or
from within most third-party CoreAudio-compatible client applications (such as BIAS Peak or
Logic Audio). Consult the manufacturer’s documentation for more information.
The Digidesign CoreAudio Manager application
launches automatically when the first client application accesses the CoreAudio driver. You can
prevent an application from accessing the CoreAudio driver by holding down the Shift key just
before the application would access the CoreAudio driver, typically during launch of the application. Certain applications (such as Apple
Mail and iChat), do not access the CoreAudio
application until they first play a sound, so you
will need to hold down the Shift key just prior to
sound playback in order to “opt-out” of using
Digidesign hardware for playback.
v
Some applications (such as Apple’s iTunes or
QuickTime Player), also require that you configure either the Apple Sound Preferences or Apple
Audio MIDI Setup to use the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver.
Figure 7. Digidesign CoreAudio Setup
Appendix D: Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only)
73
Buffer Size
You may select from the following buffer sizes
(depending on your Digidesign hardware):
• 64 samples
• 128 samples
• 256 samples
• 512 samples
• 1024 samples
• 2048 samples
Small buffers have the advantage of low latency
in the record monitor path, but also are more
taxing on your computer’s CPU and could contribute to dropouts in your audio during record
or playback. (Latency is the time delay between
a signal entering the audio inputs and leaving
the outputs during recording.)
Larger buffers have the advantage of making the
Digidesign CoreAudio Driver more immune to
audio dropouts during playback and recording,
but can cause a noticeable delay when monitoring your inputs in the recording process. In
some CoreAudio-client applications, performing various tasks will interrupt the CoreAudio
Driver and may result in clicks and pops in audio playback or recording. Choosing medium or
large buffers (such as 512 or 1024) can help alleviate this problem.
2 From the Buffer Size pop-up menu, select the
desired CoreAudio buffer size (in samples). Generally, smaller buffer sizes are preferable. However, if you experience any problems with
performance (such as clicks and pops during recording or playback), try increasing the CoreAudio Buffer Size setting. You can also change
the buffer size from within the client application if it is the only client attached to the CoreAudio driver. Once two or more clients are
active, you will not be able to change the sample
rate or the buffer size.
HW Setup Button
The HW Setup button opens the Hardware
Setup dialog for your Digidesign hardware. For
more information, refer to the Getting Started
Guide for your Pro Tools system or the Pro Tools
Reference Guide.
To configure Digidesign CoreAudio HW Setup:
1 Launch Digidesign CoreAudio Manager (lo-
cated in /Applications/Digidesign).
2 Click the HW Setup button to open the Hard-
ware Setup dialog. The HW Setup button will
only be available when no clients are using the
CoreAudio driver.
Changing the Buffer Size for the Digidesign
CoreAudio Driver does not affect the H/W
Buffer Size settings in the Pro Tools Playback Engine dialog.
To configure Digidesign CoreAudio Hardware
Buffer Size:
1 Launch Digidesign CoreAudio Manager (located in /Applications/Digidesign).
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Getting Started with Mbox
Figure 8. Hardware Setup dialog
3 Configure the Hardware Setup dialog for your
Digidesign hardware. If you have more than one
audio interface connected to your Pro Tools
TDM system, be sure to select and configure
only the primary audio interface connected to
the core card.
For more information on the Hardware
Setup dialog, refer to your Getting Started
Guide or the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
4 When you are finished, click OK to close the
Use D-Control Stereo Routing (L/R to 1/5) Enable this option to configure the CoreAudio
driver to output through the D-Controls standard stereo routing outputs 1 and 5.
Mirror Analog Outs 1 & 2 to Digital Outs (002
Only) When using Digi 002 or Digi 002 Rack, enable this option to mirror the main outputs
through the digital outputs that are selected in
the HW Setup panel.
Connect Button
Hardware Setup dialog.
Prefs Button
The Prefs button opens the Digidesign CoreAudio Manager Preferences dialog for the Manager application. There are several options available for control and configuration of the
Manager application. When finished setting
these options, click OK to close the Digidesign
CoreAudio Manager Preferences windows.
The Connect button is available when the Digidesign CoreAudio Manager is launched and cannot connect with the Digidesign hardware (such
as when Pro Tools is launched and the hardware
is disconnected or disabled). Before trying to
connect, make sure to quit Pro Tools and make
sure that your hardware is connected and
turned on. You can then click on the Connect
button to acquire the hardware.
If any application is launched prior to pressing the Connect button and you want that
application to use the CoreAudio driver for
playback, you will need to quit and relaunch the application for it to connect
properly to the Digidesign CoreAudio Manager.
Quit Button
Figure 9. Digidesign CoreAudio Manager
Enable this option to hide the Manager panel after the first client application accesses the CoreAudio driver. To open the Manager panel, click
on the Digidesign CoreAudio Manager application icon in the Dock.
Auto-Quit Manager when Last Client Quits Enable this option to make the Manager application quit when there are no longer any clients
using the CoreAudio driver.
Use the Quit button to quit the Digidesign CoreAudio Manger. Be sure to quit any client applications before using the Quit button in the
Manager. If any applications are currently attached to the Manager application when quitting, you may get an error message indicating
that the Digidesign hardware is no longer available. You may have to change the application’s
preferences to use different hardware for playback or possibly quit and relaunch the application for proper playback to be resumed.
Appendix D: Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only)
75
Configuring the Apple Sound
Preferences or Apple Audio MIDI
Setup
4 Click the Input tab and select Digidesign HW
as the device for sound input.
To use your Digidesign hardware with common
CoreAudio-compatible playback applications
(such as Apple iTunes or QuickTime Player), you
will need to configure either Sound Preferences
or Audio MIDI Setup in addition to Digidesign
CoreAudio Setup. However, for most CoreAudio-compatible client applications (such as
BIAS Peak or Cubase SX) this is unnecessary because you can configure the CoreAudio Buffer
Size setting, and input and output channels
from within the application.
Apple Sound Preferences
Sound Preferences, Input tab
To configure the Apple Sound Preferences:
1 Launch System Preferences (Apple menu >
System Preferences).
2 Click Sound.
3 Click the Output tab and select Digidesign
HW as the device for sound output.
5 Quit System Preferences.
Apple Audio MIDI Setup
To configure the Apple Audio MIDI Setup:
1 Launch Audio MIDI Setup (located in
Home/Applications/Utilities).
2 Select the Audio Devices tab.
Sound Preferences, Output tab
Apple Audio MIDI Setup application, Audio tab
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Getting Started with Mbox
3 From the System Settings Default Input pop-
up menu, select Digidesign HW.
4 From the System Settings Default Output pop-
up menu, select Digidesign HW.
Leave System Output and Selected Audio
Device set to Built-in audio controller. The
Digidesign CoreAudio Driver cannot be
used for system sounds.
Appendix D: Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only)
77
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appendix e
Configuring Midi Studio Setup
(Windows Only)
MIDI Studio Setup
MIDI Studio Setup (MSS) lets you configure the
MIDI controllers and sound modules that are
connected to your system, and control the routing of MIDI data between your MIDI equipment
and Pro Tools.
MSS automatically finds MIDI interfaces, and
lets you specify a custom name for each of the
MIDI ports within the MIDI Studio Setup document.
MIDI Studio Setup Window
The MIDI Studio Setup window is organized
into three sections. Interface controls are at the
top of the window. All the currently defined instruments are displayed in the Instrument
Name list on the left side of the window. A detailed view of MIDI parameters is shown in the
Properties section on the right.
MSS also supports XML-based patch file names
for storing and importing patch names for your
external MIDI devices.
Entire MIDI Studio Setup configurations created
within MSS can be imported and exported.
MIDI Studio Setup window
Interface Controls
Create This button adds a new instrument to
the Instrument Name list.
Delete This button deletes the instrument or instruments selected in the Instrument Name list.
Import This button lets you import an existing
MIDI Studio Setup file.
Export This button lets you export the current
MIDI Studio Setup file.
Appendix E: Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only)
79
Show Duplicate Emulated Ports If you are using
a MIDI interface that supports timestamping
(such as MIDI I/O), when the Show Duplicate
Emulated Outputs option is selected, the MIDI
Studio Setup window shows both the DirectMusic time-stamped output ports, and nonstamped duplicate emulated output ports.
Some MIDI Interfaces will not properly load
or unload their drivers unless you quit and
re-launch Pro Tools. Check the documentation that came with your MIDI interface for
more information.
Instrument List
The Instrument list contains all the currently
defined instruments. Selecting an instrument in
the list displays that instrument’s properties in
the Properties section of the window.
Properties Section
The Properties section lets you edit information
for new instruments, or instrument currently selected in the Instrument list.
To define an instrument with MIDI Studio Setup:
1 Choose Setups > MIDI Studio Setup.
2 Click Create.
3 In the Instrument Name field, type the name
of your instrument, and press enter.
If you do not enter an instrument name, the
Instrument Name field will automatically
inherit information from the Manufacturer
and Model pop-up menu.
4 Set a manufacturer and model for the new de-
vice from the corresponding pop-up menus. If
the Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus do
not provide a name for your particular device,
choose None.
5 From the Input pop-up menu, choose the in-
put port on your MIDI interface that is connected to the MIDI Out of your instrument.
6 From the Output pop-up menu, choose the
output port on your MIDI interface that is connected to the MIDI In of your instrument.
7 Enable the appropriate MIDI channels (1–16)
for the Send Channels and Receive Channels
options (These determine which channels send
and receive MIDI.)
Instrument Name
The Instrument Name field shows the user-definable instrument name for the currently selected instrument.
MIDI Studio Setup Properties section
When a previously defined instrument is selected in the Instrument list, the Properties section changes to reflect the properties of the selected instrument.
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Getting Started with Mbox
Manufacturer
The Manufacturer pop-up menu provides a list
of MIDI equipment manufacturers. This list is
derived from the XML-based MIDI device files.
For more information, see “Patch Name
Support” on page 81.
Model
The Model pop-up menu provides a list of MIDI
devices, filtered by the manufacturer name. This
list is derived from the XML-based MIDI device
files provided with your Pro Tools installation.
For more information, see “Patch Name
Support” on page 81.
Input Port
The Input Port pop-up menu displays a list of
available MIDI interface input ports. The MIDI
interface port that is set and displayed here is
the port through which MIDI data is sent from
the external MIDI device specified in the Instrument Name field into your MIDI interface.
If you set the input port to None, the defined
instrument will not appear as a choice in a
MIDI Input Selector.
Patch Name Support
Pro Tools supports XML (Extensible Markup
Language) for storing and importing patch
names for you external MIDI devices. Pro Tools
installs MIDI patch name files (.midnam) for the
factory default patch names of many common
MIDI devices. These files reside in directories,
sorted by manufacturer, in Program Files\
Common Files\Digidesign\MIDI Patch Names\
Digidesign.
To import MIDI patch names into Pro Tools:
1 Verify the MIDI Device name in the MIDI Stu-
dio Setup window (see “MIDI Studio Setup” on
page 79).
2 Verify the MIDI track’s output is correctly assigned to the MIDI device.
3 Click the MIDI track’s Program button.
Output Port
The Output Port pop-up menu displays a list of
available MIDI interface output ports. The port
set and displayed here is the port through which
MIDI data is sent from your MIDI interface to
the MIDI device specified in the Instrument
Name field.
If you set the output port to None, the defined instrument will not appear as a choice
in a MIDI Output Selector.
Send Channels
Program button
Program button, Edit window
Program button
The Send Channels grid sets the send channels
for the MIDI device specified in the Instrument
Name field.
Receive Channels
Program button, Mix window
The Receive Channels grid sets the receive channels for the MIDI device specified in the Instrument Name field.
Appendix E: Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only)
81
4 In the Patch Select dialog, click the Change
button.
To clear patch names:
■ In the Patch Select dialog, click the Clear button, and click Done.
MIDI patch name files (.midnam) can be
edited in any text editor, or you can use
third party patch librarian and editor software to create your own custom patch
names.
Change button
Patch Select dialog
5 In the Open dialog, navigate to Program
Files\Common Files\Digidesign\MIDI Patch
Names\Digidesign\<name of manufacturer>,
and select the MIDI Patch Name file (.midnam)
for the MIDI device.
6 Click Open.
The Patch Select dialog is populated with patch
names and the Patch Name Bank pop-up menu
appears in the upper left hand corner of the window.
Patch Select dialog with patch names
Once patch names have been imported into
Pro Tools, they are available for that MIDI device in all sessions.
82
Getting Started with Mbox
appendix f
Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)
Audio MIDI Studio
Pro Tools recognizes the ports on your MIDI interface as generic ports. With Mac OS X, you use
Apple’s Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility to identify external MIDI devices connected to your
MIDI interface and configure your MIDI studio
for use with Pro Tools.
2 Click the MIDI Devices tab. AMS scans your
system for connected MIDI interfaces. If your
MIDI interface is properly connected, it appears
in the window with each of its ports numbered.
To configure your MIDI studio in AMS:
1 Launch Audio MIDI Setup (located in Applica-
tions/Utilities).
– or –
In Pro Tools, choose Setups > Edit MIDI Studio
Setup.
Audio MIDI Setup (MIDI Devices tab)
3 For any MIDI devices connected to the MIDI
interface, click Add Device. A new external device icon with the default MIDI keyboard image
will appear.
4 Drag the new device icon to a convenient lo-
cation within the window.
Appendix F: Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)
83
5 Connect the MIDI device to the MIDI interface by clicking the arrow for the appropriate
output port of the device and dragging a connection or “cable” to the input arrow of the corresponding port of the MIDI interface.
To configure an external MIDI device:
1 Select the external device icon and click Show
Info (or double-click the new device icon).
External Device Icon
2 Select a manufacturer and model for the new
Making MIDI input and output connections
device from the corresponding pop-up menus.
(If the Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus
do not provide a name for your particular device, you can type a name.)
6 Click the arrow for the appropriate input port
of the device and drag a cable to the output arrow of the corresponding port of the MIDI interface.
To remove a connection, select the cable and
press Delete. To delete all connections, click
Clear Cables.
7 Repeat steps 3–6 for each MIDI device in your
MIDI setup.
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Getting Started with Mbox
Naming a new MIDI device
AMS refers to one or more files with the suffix “.middev” in the directory Root/Library/Audio/MIDI Devices for Manufacturer and Model names. Pro Tools installs
two such files that contain information for
many commercially available MIDI devices,
“Legacy Devices.middev” and “Digidesign
Devices.middev.” If the Manufacturer or
Model names for any of your external MIDI
devices is not available in the AMS Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus, you can
add them by editing any of the current
.middev files in any text editor (such as
TextEdit).
3 Click the More Properties arrow to expand the
4 Click the device image. The window expands
dialog, then enable the appropriate MIDI channels (1–16) for the Transmits and Receives options. (These determine which channels the
device will use to send and receive MIDI.)
to show images for various MIDI devices (such
as keyboards, modules, interfaces, and mixers).
Select an icon for your device.
Selecting a device icon
Enabling MIDI channels
To use your own custom icons, you can
place TIFF image files in /Library/
Audio/MIDI Devices/Generic/Images, and
they will appear as choices in the AMS device window.
5 Click OK.
The device names you enter appear as MIDI input and output choices in Pro Tools.
Appendix F: Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)
85
Patch Name Support
4 In the Patch Select dialog, click the Change
button.
Pro Tools supports XML (Extensible Markup
Language) for storing and importing patch
names for you external MIDI devices. Pro Tools
installs MIDI patch name files (.midnam) for the
factory default patch names of many common
MIDI devices. These files reside in directories,
sorted by manufacturer, in /Library/Audio/MIDI
Patch Names/Digidesign.
Change button
To import MIDI patch names into Pro Tools:
1 Verify the MIDI Device name in the Audio
MIDI Setup window (see “Audio MIDI Studio”
on page 83).
2 Verify the MIDI track’s output is correctly assigned to the MIDI device.
3 Click the MIDI track’s Program button.
Program button
Program button, Edit window
Patch Select dialog
5 In the Open dialog, navigate to /Library/Au-
dio/MIDI Patch Names/Digidesign/<name of
manufacturer>, and select the MIDI Patch Name
file (.midnam) for the MIDI device.
6 Click Open.
The Patch Select dialog is populated with patch
names and the Patch Name Bank pop-up menu
appears in the upper left hand corner of the window.
Once patch names have been imported into
Pro Tools, they are available for that MIDI device in all sessions.
To clear patch names:
■ In the Patch Select dialog, click the Clear button, and click Done.
Program button
Program button, Mix window
86
Getting Started with Mbox
MIDI patch name files (.midnam) can be
edited in any text editor, or you can use
third party patch librarian and editor software to create your own custom patch
names.
index
Numerics
C
32K clusters 16
channel strip controls
Mute 55
Pan 55
Solo 55
Volume 55
click 40
Click plug-in
Accented parameter 39
Unaccented parameter 39
Clock Source 15, 24
cluster size 16
CoreAudio driver 20, 71
CPU Usage Limit 22
A
AMS (Audio MIDI Setup) 83
configuring MIDI devices in 84
ASIO driver 10, 63
audio
analog 34
editing 51
importing 47, 48
monitoring 33
preparing 49
routing 49, 55
audio connections
home stereo 34
self-powered monitors 34
Audio Regions List 44
audio tracks 43, 44
authorization code
Windows 12
authorizing Pro Tools 21
automation 58
creating 58
Auxiliary Inputs 43, 44, 51, 55
D
DAE Playback Buffer Size 23
defragment
Windows 17
Disk Cleanup 16
B
Bounce to Disk command 58
Index
87
E
H
Edit mode buttons 52
Edit modes 52
Grid 52
selecting 52
Shuffle 52
Slip 52
Spot 52
Edit tools 52
Grabber 52
Pencil 52
Scrubber 52
Selector 52
Smart Tool 52
Trimmer 52
Zoomer 52
Edit window 38
editing 51
editing regions 52
hard drive
and Macintosh system drive 25
and Windows system drive 17
hard drives
cluster size 16
formatting 25
maintenance 17
space requirements 3
Windows maintenance 16
Hardware Buffer Size 22
hardware installation 7
USB 9
headphones
gain control 31
output
back panel 31
front panel 31
HFS 12
Hibernate 8
F
fade files 37
FAT32 16
firmware 10
G
gain
headphones 31
input 29
Grabber tool 52
Grid mode 52
I
I/O Setup
Macintosh configuration 15, 24
Windows configuration 15
importing audio 47, 48
indicators
peak level 30
phantom power 29
S/PDIF input 30
USB connection 30
Input Format 23
input gain 29
inputs
analog 32
digital 32
inserts 32
analog on Mbox 34
plug-ins 57
K
key commands 5
88
Getting Started with Mbox
L
P
latency
see monitoring
Pan slider 55
peak indicators 30
Pencil tool 52
phantom power 32, 34
indicator 29
when to use 29
playback
starting and stopping 42
Playback Engine dialog 41
playlists 54
creating 54
plug-ins 57
power
Windows System Standby 8
Pro Tools
authorizing 21
capabilities 2
main windows 38
software configuration 22
validating 21
Windows configuration 12
Pro Tools LE
installing, Windows 9
Program Change dialog 82, 86
M
MacOpener 11
Master Faders 43, 44, 56
creating 57
Mbox
features 1
back panel 31
front panel 29
memory locations 46, 47
defining 46
recalling 46
MIDI
connections 36
editing 51
monitoring 51
MIDI click 40
MIDI controls 40, 42
MIDI Regions List 44
MIDI tracks 43, 44
mix automation 58
mix control 30
Mix window 38, 55
mixing 55
monitoring 33
audio 33
MIDI 51
when overdubbing 30
zero latency 30
mono switch 30
multi-processor 22
Mute button 55
N
NTFS 16
O
outputs
analog 32
digital 32
Q
QuickTime 10
R
ratio control 30
recording
audio 49
MIDI 51
regions 44
arranging 53
creating 44
editing 52
trimming 53
returns 56
creating 56
rulers 38
Index
89
90
S
T
S/PDIF I/O 32
S/PDIF input indicator 30
S/PDIF mirroring 35
Sample Rate 14, 23
Scrubber tool 52
Selector tool 52
sends 44, 55
assigning 55
sessions 37
creating 37
duplicating 41
navigating 45
saving 37, 41
saving copies of 41
Shuffle mode 52
Slip mode 52
Smart Tool 52
Solo button 55
sources
analog 32, 34
connecting 34, 35
instrument 29
line 29
microphone 29
selecting 29
Spot mode 52
submixing 55
system requirements
MIDI 36
System settings
for Windows 7
system settings 41
Clock Source 15, 24
CPU Usage Limit 22
DAE Playback Buffer Size 23
Hardware Buffer Size 22
I/O Setup 15, 24
Input Format 23
Sample Rate 14, 23
System Usage window 41
tempo 39
setting 39
tempo events 39
track height
changing 47
tracks 43
audio 43, 44
Auxiliary Inputs 43, 44, 55
creating 43
Master Faders 43, 44, 56
MIDI 43, 44
playing back audio 50
playing back MIDI 51
recording audio 49
recording MIDI 51
types 43
Transport
MIDI controls 42
Transport window 38, 42
Trimmer tool 52
Getting Started with Mbox
U
USB 9
connection indicator 30
port 21
V
validating Pro Tools 21
validating Pro Tools software
Windows configuration 12
Volume fader 55
W
WaveDriver 11
Windows
required System settings 7
System Standby 8
windows 38
Edit window 38
Mix window 38, 55
Transport window 38, 42
Windows System Standby 8
Windows XP
maintenance 16
Workspace 38
Z
Zoom presets 47
recalling 47
storing 47
Zoomer tool 52
Zooming 46
Index
91
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