CamRanger | device | Cam Ranger - Department of Cinematic Arts

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User’s&Manual&
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Table&of&Contents&
CamRanger)Hardware)............................................................................................................)3!
CamRanger)Registration).......................................................................................................)3!
CamRanger)Setup).....................................................................................................................)5!
CamRanger)iOS)App)................................................................................................................)5!
Status)Bar)............................................................................................................................................)6!
Recent)Thumbnails)..........................................................................................................................)6!
iPhone!Thumbnails!........................................................................................................................................!7!
Main)Image)View)...............................................................................................................................)7!
Captured!Images!..............................................................................................................................................!7!
Live!View!Images!.............................................................................................................................................!8!
Advanced)Tabs)...................................................................................................................................)8!
Data!.......................................................................................................................................................................!9!
Focus!.....................................................................................................................................................................!9!
Timer!.................................................................................................................................................................!10!
HDR!....................................................................................................................................................................!11!
Camera)Properties).........................................................................................................................)12!
Nikon!Connection!Mode!............................................................................................................................!13!
Exposure!Compensation!&!Bracketing!...............................................................................................!13!
Camera)Actions)................................................................................................................................)13!
Advanced)Settings)..........................................................................................................................)15!
Current)Image)Controls)................................................................................................................)18!
iPhone!Controls!.............................................................................................................................................!18!
Card)Contents)...................................................................................................................................)18!
Tips)&)Troubleshooting)......................................................................................................)22!
Registration)......................................................................................................................................)22!
Connection)........................................................................................................................................)22!
Speed)...................................................................................................................................................)23!
Commands).........................................................................................................................................)23!
Images)................................................................................................................................................)24!
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©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
2!
CamRanger&Hardware&
The!CamRanger!device!is!turned!on!by!sliding!the!power!switch,!located!on!the!side!
of!the!unit,!towards!the!front!of!the!device.!The!green!power!light!will!illuminate!
when!the!unit!is!powered!on.!
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The!charging!port!is!located!next!to!the!power!switch.!The!male!micro!B!end!of!the!
provided!white!charging!cord!is!connected!to!this!port.!The!other!end!of!the!
charging!cord!can!be!connected!to!a!female!USB!port!that!provides!power,!such!as!a!
computer!or!through!the!provided!AC!adapter.!
When!the!device!is!charging!an!additional!yellow!light!will!illuminate!next!to!the!
green!power!light!indicating!that!it!is!charging.!The!yellow!light!will!turn!off!leaving!
only!the!green!power!light!when!it!is!fully!charged.!
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A!black!neoprene!case!is!provided!to!assist!in!attaching!and!securing!the!
CamRanger.!The!case!has!a!carabineer!to!facilitate!hanging!from!a!tripod,!belt!loop,!
etc.!Do!not!just!hang!the!CamRanger!by!the!cable!as!it!will!put!strain!on!the!USB!
connectors!as!well!as!possibly!disconnect.!
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The!CamRanger!battery!is!accessible!by!removing!the!bottom!cover.!The!bottom!
cover!is!the!side!with!the!CamRanger!serial!number.!Simply!grasp!the!side!
edge/corner!of!the!cover!near!the!USB!connector!and!pull!back!to!remove.!To!
replace!the!cover,!first!place!the!two!lower!tabs!into!the!slots!and!then!snap!in!the!
top.!
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CamRanger!is!not!waterYresistant!in!any!way!and!should!not!get!wet.!
CamRanger&Registration&
Before!an!iPad,!iPhone,!or!iPod!Touch!can!be!used!with!a!CamRanger,!it!needs!to!be!
registered.!Registration!requires!Internet!connectivity.!Before!proceeding,!confirm!
connectivity.!(Do!not!connect!to!the!CamRanger!network.)!
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Launch!the!iOS!CamRanger!app!and!the!following!screen!appears.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
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Press!the!“Register”!button!to!load!the!registration!view!seen!below.!
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Enter!the!8Ycharacter!CamRanger!serial!number.!The!serial!number!is!located!both!
on!the!bottom!of!the!back!cover!as!well!as!above!the!battery!underneath!the!back!
cover.!Note:!the!serial!number!contains!only!letters!and!NO!numbers.!
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Press!the!“Register”!button!to!register.!A!message!box!will!appear!indicating!
registration!was!successful!and!the!iOS!device!can!be!used!with!the!CamRanger.!Exit!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
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the!app!and!then!proceed!with!the!setup!process!as!detailed!below!in!the!
CamRanger!Setup!section.!
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If!registration!fails,!confirm!Internet!connectivity!and!the!CamRanger!serial!number!
before!contacting!contact@CamRanger.com!for!assistance.!
CamRanger&Setup&
Power!on!the!CamRanger!and!confirm!all!four!lights!briefly!appear.!The!CamRanger!
will!take!approximately!30!seconds!until!it!is!fully!initialized.!
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The!first!time!the!user!connects!to!CamRanger!from!an!iOS!device!(iPad,!iPhone,!or!
iPod!Touch),!the!iOS!device!needs!to!be!registered.!See!the!CamRanger!Registration!
section!above.!
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On!the!iOS!device!connect!to!your!CamRanger!network.!The!SSID!will!be!
CamRangerY###,!with!the!last!three!characters!matching!the!last!3!characters!of!the!
CamRanger’s!serial!number.!The!password!is!the!full!8!characters!of!the!
CamRanger’s!serial!number.!The!password!MUST!BE!ENTERED!IN!ALL!CAPS.!The!
keyboard!on!newer!iOS!versions!can!be!put!into!caps!lock!by!double!tapping!the!
shift!key.!
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Connect!the!CamRanger!to!the!camera!with!the!provided!black!USB!cable.!The!male!
A!end!is!inserted!into!the!USB!port!at!the!end!of!the!CamRanger,!and!the!other!end!is!
connected!to!the!USB!port!of!the!camera.!Then!ensure!the!camera!is!turned!on.!
When!the!camera!is!connected!and!turned!on!the!green!light!closest!to!the!edge!of!
the!CamRanger!device!will!light.!
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Launch!the!CamRanger!iOS!app.!The!application!will!connect!to!the!CamRanger!and!
the!user!will!be!able!to!control!the!camera.!For!common!problems!with!setup!and!
connection!refer!to!the!Troubleshooting!section!at!the!end!of!the!manual.!
CamRanger&iOS&App&
Note:!the!CamRanger!app!supports!the!iPad,!iPhone,!and!iPod!Touch.!For!brevity,!
only!the!iPad!landscape!screenshots!will!be!shown!as!the!equivalent!portrait!or!
iPhone!versions!are!very!similar.!Any!places!where!significant!differences!exist!will!
be!called!out.!
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©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
5!
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Status&Bar&
The!status!bar!is!located!at!the!top!of!the!screen!and!provides!the!user!with!a!
number!of!status!elements.!
From!left!to!right:!
• Camera!Connection:!Indicates!if!the!CamRanger!device!is!currently!
communicating!with!the!camera!
o Connected:!
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o Disconnected:!
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• Camera!Battery!Status:!Indicates!the!approximate!battery!charge!on!the!
camera!
• Camera!Model!Name!
• Lens!Model!Name!(Note:!not!all!cameras!or!lenses!are!supported)!
• Shots!Remaining:!Indicates!the!number!of!shots!currently!remaining!on!the!
camera’s!removable!media!using!the!current!settings!
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Recent&Thumbnails&
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©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
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As!images!are!captured,!the!thumbnails!are!automatically!downloaded!and!
displayed!along!the!top!of!the!screen.!The!thumbnails!may!be!scrolled!left!
and!right!when!more!are!downloaded!than!can!fit.!
A!thumbnail!may!be!selected!to!view!the!corresponding!image!for!viewing.!
The!image!is!downloaded!and!displayed!in!the!main!image!view.!The!
currently!selected!thumbnail!is!indicated!with!a!yellow!outline.!
When!both!a!JPG!and!RAW!file!format!is!captured,!only!the!JPG!thumbnail!is!
displayed.!
JPG!and!RAW!files!can!be!viewed.!Nikon!TIFF!files!will!display!the!thumbnail!
but!the!associated!image!cannot!be!viewed.!It!should!be!noted!that!the!Nikon!
RAW!files!simply!shows!a!compressed!JPG!version.!However,!if!the!image!is!
saved!it!will!save!the!full!NEF!file.!
A!small!red!“R”!icon!on!the!lower!right!of!the!thumbnail!indicates!that!it!is!a!
RAW!image.!A!small!green!“T”!indicates!TIFF,!while!no!icon!is!used!to!
indicate!JPG!formatted!images.!
Note:!only!thumbnails!for!images!captured!within!the!current!CamRanger!
session!will!be!displayed.!
iPhone'Thumbnails'
The!thumbnails!on!the!iPhones!or!iPod!Touches!with!the!original!size!display!(not!
the!iPhone5!size!display)!are!displayed!in!a!different!manner.!After!a!picture!is!
taken,!the!main!image!view!will!slide!down!to!reveal!a!list!of!thumbnails.!Selecting!a!
thumbnail!will!slide!the!main!image!view!back!in!place!with!the!downloaded!image.!
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The!thumbnail!and!main!image!views!can!be!swapped!at!any!time!by!swiping!the!
screen!up!or!down.!
Main&Image&View&
Live!view!and!captured!images!are!displayed!within!the!main!image!view.!
Captured'Images'
Images!will!be!displayed!in!the!main!image!view!in!one!of!two!ways,!by!selecting!a!
thumbnail!in!the!thumbnails!section!or!through!the!AutoYView!feature.!The!AutoY
View!feature!is!described!in!more!depth!in!the!Advanced!Settings!section.!
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It!is!important!to!note!that!that!images!displayed!in!the!main!view!are!not!saved!by!
default!and!are!simply!being!displayed.!To!save!the!image!to!the!iOS!device,!refer!to!
the!Current!Image!Controls!or!Card!Contents!section.!
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The!image!may!be!zoomed!in!to!100%!resolution!by!double!tapping.!The!image!can!
then!be!panned!by!dragging!a!finger.!Double!tapping!again!will!return!the!view!to!its!
original!state.!
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As!indicated!in!the!thumbnails!section,!TIFF!images!cannot!be!viewed.!
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©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
7!
Depending!on!the!amount!of!memory!in!your!iPad,!iPhone,!or!iPod!touch,!certain!
larger!image!files!cannot!be!viewed.!Devices!with!1GB!of!memory,!such!as!the!3rd!or!
4th!generation!iPad!and!the!iPhone!5,!will!have!no!limitations.!Devices!with!512MB!
of!memory,!such!as!the!2nd!generation!iPad,!iPad!Mini,!or!iPhone!4,!can!view!nearly!
all!images!except!for!the!very!largest,!such!as!a!large!JPG!on!the!D800.!Devices!with!
128MB,!such!as!the!1st!generation!iPad!and!older!iPhones!and!iPod!Touches,!will!not!
be!able!to!view!large!JPGs!on!most!cameras!or!medium!JPGs!on!some!cameras.!
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When!viewing!an!image,!a!finger!swipe!on!the!image!to!the!left!or!right!will!display!
the!previous!or!next!image!respectively.!
Live'View'Images'
In!live!view,!the!image!is!automatically!updated!as!live!view!images!stream!in.!The!
exact!rate!is!very!much!dependent!on!WiFi!signal!strength!and!the!camera!and!iOS!
device!specs.!However,!assuming!a!good!connection,!live!view!frame!rate!will!be!
about!7!–!18!fps!depending!on!the!camera!model.!
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During!live!view!the!image!may!be!single!tapped!to!focus!at!that!point.!Note!that!for!
Canon!cameras,!the!outer!edges!of!the!image!cannot!be!focused!on.!Double!tapping!
will!zoom!in!and!double!tapping!again!returns!to!regular!size.!
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A!live!view!histogram!may!be!toggled!on!or!off!from!the!Data!tab!as!described!in!the!
Advanced!Data!section.!Toggling!the!histogram!on!will!generate!a!histogram!for!
each!live!view!frame;!however,!at!the!cost!of!a!decreased!frame!rate.!Toggle!the!
histogram!off!to!maximize!the!frame!rate.!
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Canon!cameras!can!display!the!live!view!image!on!the!camera!as!well!as!allow!
physically!triggering!images!by!pressing!the!camera’s!live!view!button!after!starting!
it!on!the!CamRanger!app.!Nikon!cameras!do!not!allow!any!control!of!the!physical!
camera!while!live!view!is!active.!!
Advanced&Tabs&
There!are!four!tabs!providing!advanced!information!or!controls:!Data,!Focus,!Timer,!
and!HDR.!(The!iPhone!display!has!a!fifth!tab!incorporating!the!Advanced!Settings!
button.)!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
8!
Data'
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The!data!tab!shows!an!RGB!histogram!and!metaYdata!associated!with!the!image!in!
the!main!image!view.!The!following!metaYdata!is!provided:!
• Shutter!Speed!
• Aperture!
• MegaPixels!(Note!this!is!not!file!size,!but!image!resolution)!
• ISO!
• Metering!Mode!
• Exposure!Compensation!Value!
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Within!live!view!the!data!tab!will!simply!inform!the!user!that!live!view!is!on!and!
provide!a!toggle!switch!to!toggle!the!display!of!the!histogram.!The!histogram!is!
updated!in!realYtime,!but!at!the!cost!of!slowing!down!the!frame!rate.!
Focus'
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The!focus!tab!is!only!enabled!during!live!view!and!provides!advanced!focusing!
controls.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
9!
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Focus!Adjust!
There!are!two!sets!of!buttons!to!move!the!lens’!focal!plane!nearer!or!further!
from!the!camera.!
Each!set!has!three!buttons!with!different!sized!arrows!to!specify!a!large,!
medium,!or!small!step!in!focus.!
Tap!the!button!to!move!the!focus!by!a!single!increment,!holding!down!the!
button!will!have!no!affect.!
Focus!Stacking!
Focus!stacking!is!a!process!of!taking!multiple!captures!with!slight!changes!in!
focus!and!then!post!processing!them!to!enhance!the!depth!of!field.!This!
control!allows!the!user!to!set!the!focus!step!size!to!take!between!in!each!shot!
and!the!number!of!shots!to!take.!Each!focus!step!will!move!the!focal!plane!
further!from!the!camera.!So!the!user!will!want!to!set!the!focus!to!the!nearest!
plane!desired!to!be!in!focus!and!start!the!stacking!process!from!there.!If!too!
few!captures!were!taken,!the!process!can!be!restarted!from!where!the!initial!
stacking!ended.!Note:!the!post!processing!is!not!done!within!the!CamRanger!
app.!
Timer'
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The!timer!tab!allows!the!use!of!the!CamRanger!as!an!intervalometer!as!well!as!
specifying!exposure!times!when!the!camera!is!in!bulb!mode.!
• Time!Lapse!
o The!entry!fields!are!used!to!specify!the!initial!delay!before!the!first!
shot,!the!number!of!shots!to!take,!and!the!delay!in!between!each!shot.!
o After!configuring!the!settings,!press!the!“Start”!button!to!begin!the!
intervalometer!process.!
o The!intervalometer!commands!are!stored!on!the!CamRanger!device!
and!the!iOS!device!does!not!need!to!remain!on!or!connected.!
o The!“Shot!Delay”!should!not!be!used!for!precision!timing,!particularly!
when!the!delay!is!only!a!few!seconds!or!less.!
o Once!an!intervalometer!sequence!is!begun,!it!can!only!be!cancelled!by!
turning!off!power!to!the!CamRanger!device.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
10!
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o Time!Lapse!–!HDR!
! If!the!camera!is!in!manual!exposure!mode,!a!small!HDR!toggle!
button!will!appear!allowing!the!combination!of!a!time!lapse!
and!HDR!sequence.!
! If!the!HDR!toggle!button!is!set!to!on!for!each!time!lapse!
capture,!CamRanger!will!actually!take!a!sequence!of!bracketing!
images!using!the!bracket!parameters!as!specified!within!the!
HDR!tab.!
o Time!Lapse!–!Bulb!
! If!the!camera!is!in!bulb!mode/shutter!speed!and!the!camera!
supports!bulb!shots,!CamRanger!will!take!Bulb!shots!during!
the!time!lapse.!The!bulb!duration!is!specified!by!the!Shot!
Duration,!located!within!the!Bulb!section!immediately!below!
the!Time!Lapse!section.!
o Before!starting!the!time!lapse!sequence,!a!dialog!will!appear!
informing!the!user!of!the!time!lapse!parameters!and!provide!an!
opportunity!to!cancel.!
Bulb!
o The!Bulb!controls!are!only!enabled!when!the!camera!is!in!bulb!mode!
and!the!camera!supports!remote!bulb!shots.!
o The!entry!fields!are!used!to!specify!the!initial!delay!before!the!first!
shot!and!the!length!of!the!exposure.!
o After!configuration,!press!the!“Start”!button!to!begin!the!bulb!process.!
o The!bulb!commands!are!stored!on!the!CamRanger!device!and!the!iOS!
device!does!not!need!to!remain!on!or!connected.!
HDR'
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The!“HDR”,!or!Advanced!Bracketing,!tab!can!be!used!to!generate!a!series!of!photos!
with!varying!exposures.!
• Advanced!Bracketing!is!only!enabled!when!the!camera!is!in!Manual!mode.!
• The!Property!field!specifies!the!camera!property!to!be!varied.!There!are!
three!options,!Shutter!Speed,!Aperture,!and!ISO.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
11!
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The!Initial!Delay!field!specifies!the!amount!of!delay,!if!any,!to!take!before!
beginning!the!bracketing!sequence.!
The!initial!value!for!the!selected!property!is!set!with!the!Start!Value!field.!
The!total!number!of!images!to!capture!is!specified!by!the!Number!of!Shots!
field.!
The!possible!Step!Size!values!are!up!to!3!stop!and!specify!the!how!many!
stops!to!vary!the!exposure!between!each!capture.!
o Typically!the!step!size!values!are!in!increments!of!1/3!stops.!However,!
this!can!vary!based!on!the!camera!settings.!For!example!if!the!camera!
is!configured!to!only!allow!ISO!values!corresponding!to!full!stops,!then!
the!step!size!increment!will!be!1!stop.!
The!valid!values!for!the!Number!of!Shots!are!automatically!determined!based!
on!the!values!specified!for!Start!Value!and!Step!Size.!For!example!a!step!size!
of!1/3!stops!will!allow!more!shots!than!a!step!size!of!3!stops.!
The!starting!point!of!the!bracket!is!set!within!the!settings!and!can!begin!at!
the!shadows!(lowest!exposure),!midYpoint,!or!highlights!(highest!exposure).!
If!the!starting!point!is!set!to!midYpoint,!the!resulting!sequence!will!start!at!the!
lowest!exposure!but!with!the!initially!set!value!as!the!midYpoint.!See!the!
Advanced!Settings!section!for!more!information!on!setting!the!HDR!start!
point.!
After!configuration,!press!the!“Start”!button!to!begin!the!bracketing!process.!
The!bracketing!commands!are!stored!on!the!CamRanger!device!and!the!iOS!
device!does!not!need!to!remain!on!or!connected.!
Note:!the!post!processing!is!not!done!within!the!CamRanger!app.!
Camera&Properties&
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The!above!diagram!indicates!each!of!the!camera!properties!that!can!be!set.!Not!all!
properties!can!be!set!for!all!cameras!or!in!all!modes.!For!example,!the!diagram!is!
from!a!session!with!a!Canon!camera!and!for!most!Canons!the!focus!mode!and!auto!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
12!
exposure!mode!cannot!be!set.!Disabled!properties!are!indicated!with!a!darker!
button!background.!
Nikon'Connection'Mode'
Nikon!cameras!allow!connections!in!two!different!modes:!“PC”!and!“Camera”.!(See!
the!Advanced!Settings!dialog!for!how!to!change!between!the!modes.)!The!key!
difference!is!that!PC!mode!allows!the!CamRanger!user!to!adjust!properties!that!are!
controlled!via!a!physical!switch!or!dial!on!the!camera,!and!would!otherwise!be!
disabled!in!Camera!mode.!However,!in!PC!mode!no!property!changes!done!
physically!to!the!camera!will!be!recognized!and!any!changes!made!through!
CamRanger!will!be!lost!after!disconnecting.!PC!mode!also!prevents!triggering!
images!from!the!camera!itself,!and!the!CamRanger!app!must!be!set!to!Camera!mode!
to!allow!physically!triggering!from!the!camera.!It!should!also!be!noted!that!the!
connection!mode!cannot!be!changed!while!live!view!is!active.!
Exposure'Compensation'&'Bracketing'
Pressing!the!bracketing!button!will!display!the!following!control:!
!!
Pressing!the!arrows!at!the!top!right!and!left!moves!the!exposure!compensation.!
Holding!down!the!arrow!will!move!the!exposure!compensation!to!its!respective!
limit.!The!two!buttons!at!the!bottom!middle!control!the!bracket!amount.!Pressing!
the!arrows!pointing!in!will!reduce!the!bracketing!amount,!while!pressing!the!arrows!
point!outward!will!increase!the!bracketing!amount.!
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The!bracketing!is!not!set!until!the!“Set”!button!is!pressed.!The!“Close”!button!will!
dismiss!the!dialog.!Pressing!“Close”!without!pressing!“Set”!will!effectively!cancel!any!
adjustments!made.!
Camera&Actions&
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Capture!
o The!“Capture”!button!initiates!the!camera!trigger.!The!exact!camera!
behavior!is!dependent!on!the!camera!and!camera!properties,!most!
importantly!the!capture!mode.!
o For!most!capture!modes,!such!as!single,!timer,!or!quiet!the!button!
performs!the!image!capture!as!expected.!It!should!be!noted!that!for!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
13!
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some!cameras,!advanced!modes!such!as!remote!or!timer!will!behave!
as!single!capture!mode.!
o Continuous!capture!mode!differs!between!Nikon!and!Canon.!
! Nikon:!After!selecting!a!continuous!drive!mode!a!picker!is!
displayed!allowing!the!user!to!select!the!number!of!images!to!
capture.!When!the!Capture!button!is!pressed,!that!number!of!
images!will!be!captured.!
! Canon:!When!in!a!continuous!mode,!pressing!and!holding!the!
Capture!button!behaves!in!the!same!way!as!pushing!the!
physical!trigger!on!the!camera.!
o It!is!noted!that!there!can!be!a!very!slight!lag!between!the!pressing!of!
the!“Capture”!button!and!the!image!capture.!The!delay!can!be!more!
pronounced!while!live!view!is!active.!For!time!critical!applications,!a!
remote!trigger,!such!as!an!RF!trigger,!can!be!used!in!combination!with!
the!CamRanger.!
Auto!/!Manual!Focus!Toggle!
o The!AF/MF!Focus!toggle!button!allows!the!user!to!change!the!focusing!
between!auto!and!manual!without!having!to!physically!adjust!the!
camera.!
o This!AF/MF!adjustment!is!not!possible!for!all!cameras!in!all!modes.!
For!example,!some!Nikon!cameras!are!required!to!be!connected!in!
“PC”!mode.!
o After!any!touch!or!incremental!focusing!while!in!live!view,!the!focus!
mode!will!automatically!attempt!to!switch!to!manual!focus!such!that!
the!user!specified!focus!is!not!override!by!auto!focus!upon!capture.!
Live!View!
o The!“Live!View”!toggle!button!is!used!to!turn!live!view!on!and!off.!
o When!live!view!is!on,!the!main!image!view!is!updated!with!live!view!
images!as!well!as!updating!the!RGB!histogram!in!the!Data!tab!if!the!
live!view!histogram!is!turned!on.!
o Note:!running!live!view!is!relatively!intensive!and!there!may!be!slight!
performance!lags!in!other!areas.!
Movie!Mode!
o The!“Movie!Mode”!toggle!button!is!used!to!turn!live!view!on!and!off,!
but!within!movie!mode.!
o When!movie!mode!is!on,!the!main!image!view!is!updated!with!the!live!
images.!
o The!“Capture”!button!changes!to!“Record”!and!pressing!the!“Record”!
button!will!start!and!then!stop!the!recording!of!a!movie.!
o Note:!movies!cannot!be!downloaded!to!the!iOS!device.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
14!
Advanced&Settings&
!!!!
!
The!advanced!settings!menu!is!accessed!from!the!settings!button!and!allows!the!
user!to!manage!the!connection,!set!options!and!controls,!and!get!help.!The!above!
image!shows!the!settings!menu!with!each!category!that!can!be!tapped!to!expand.!
!
•
•
!
CamRanger!Connection:!A!state!dependent!“Connect”!or!“Disconnect”!button!
is!available!to!the!user!as!a!troubleshooting!option!to!avoid!closing!the!
application!in!the!case!of!connection!problems.!
Connection!Mode!(Nikon!Only)!
o A!toggle!switch!is!provided!to!change!the!connection!mode!between!
“PC”!and!“Camera”!
! PC:!PC!mode!allows!more!control!over!properties!within!
CamRanger;!however,!any!property!changes!are!not!
maintained!and!changing!settings!on!the!physical!camera!is!not!
recognized.!Additionally,!images!cannot!be!physically!triggered!
from!the!camera.!
! Camera:!Allows!the!camera!to!be!physically!used!as!normal;!
however,!not!all!properties!will!be!enabled!within!CamRanger.!
!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
15!
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
!
•
!
Highlights:!Blinks!solid!red!over!overexposed!highlights!
Shadows:!Blinks!solid!blue!over!underexposed!shadows!
Focus!Points:!Overlay!the!focus!points!over!captured!images!(Canon!only)!
Grid!Lines:!Overlay!a!3x3!grid!over!the!main!image!view!
File!Name:!Displays!the!images!file!name!at!the!bottom!left!of!each!image!
Aspect!Ratio:!Overlays!red!lines!over!the!main!image!view!to!give!the!user!
visual!feedback!on!common!cropping!ratios.!Note:!this!information!is!not!
saved!with!the!image.!
Client!Mode:!Removes!all!camera!controls!from!the!main!display!such!that!
camera!settings!cannot!be!changed!or!the!camera!controlled.!
!
Client!Mode:!Removes!all!camera!controls!from!the!main!display!such!that!
camera!settings!cannot!be!changed!or!the!camera!controlled.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
16!
•
•
•
•
•
•
AutoYView:!Automatically!downloads!and!displays!images!as!they!are!taken.!
AutoYSave:!Automatically!downloads!and!saves!images!to!the!iOS!photo!
library.!
AutoYThumbnails:!Automatically!displays!thumbnails!of!captured!images.!
This!may!want!to!be!turned!off!if,!for!example,!many!continuous!drive!shots!
are!being!captured.!If!AutoYThumbnails!is!off,!a!white!button!will!appear!in!
the!thumbnails!view!indicating!how!many!thumbnails!are!pending!to!be!
downloaded.!Tapping!this!button!will!download!the!pending!thumbnails.!
HDR!Start!Value:!Specifies!where!the!selected!HDR!property!value!is!within!
the!bracket,!at!the!most!exposed!point!(Highlights),!least!exposed!point!
(Shadows)!or!in!the!middle!(MidYPoint).!
Cache!Size:!The!CamRanger!application!maintains!a!small!cache!on!disk!to!
store!recently!viewed!images.!These!images!are!then!very!quick!to!reYdisplay.!
The!cache!can!be!set!to!one!of!three!sizes:!Small!(100!MB),!Medium!(500!
MB),!or!Large!(1!GB).!The!cache!is!cleared!upon!exit!on!the!application.!
Settings!Lock:!Optionally!lock!the!settings!menu!requiring!a!password!to!
access.!The!password!is!the!first!4!characters!in!the!serial!number.!This!can!
be!useful!in!conjunction!with!client!mode.!
!
•
!
Ratings!List:!Displays!a!list!of!all!rated!images!located!on!the!camera’s!
memory!card.!
!
•
•
•
•
!
Show!Watermark:!Displays!a!watermark!over!each!full!size!image!
Watermark:!The!text!to!use!for!the!watermark!
Watermark!Location:!Where!to!overlay!the!watermark,!Center!or!BottomY
Right!
Save!w/Watermark:!Specify!if!images!saved!to!the!iOS!photo!library!should!
have!the!watermark!embedded!within!it!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
17!
!
!
o Show!Manual:!View!this!document.!Note:!it!can!be!saved!to!iBooks!for!
easier!reading!and!navigation.!
o Email:!Email!with!your!questions,!problems,!comments,!etc.!
Current&Image&Controls&
!
The!controls!displayed!in!the!toolbar!above!are!used!to!perform!various!actions!on!
the!current!main!image!view’s!content.!
• Delete:!After!prompting!the!user!to!confirm,!this!button!is!used!to!erase!the!
displayed!image!from!the!removable!media!in!the!camera.!
• Save:!This!button!will!save!the!currently!displayed!image!to!the!user’s!photo!
library!on!the!iOS!device.!
• Rate:!Pops!up!the!following!rating!dialog!allowing!the!user!to!rate!the!image!
as!well!as!add!any!comments.!See!the!Ratings!section!for!full!details!on!using!
the!ratings!system.!
• Expand:!The!“Expand”!button!makes!the!image!full!screen.!After!expanding,!
the!button!changes!to!“Shrink”!and!can!be!pressed!to!return!to!the!normal!
screen!layout.!The!“Expand”!button!can!also!be!used!in!live!view.!
iPhone'Controls'
The!iPhone!does!not!have!a!separate!tool!bar!with!these!controls.!The!“Expand”!
button!is!located!in!the!lower!left!of!the!main!image!view.!The!“Save”!and!“Delete”!
buttons!are!overlaid!in!the!top!left!and!right!corners,!respectively,!of!the!main!image!
view.!The!“Save”!and!“Delete”!buttons!only!appear!momentarily!upon!a!single!touch!
of!the!main!image!view!and!then!disappear!a!few!seconds!later!so!as!to!not!obscure!
the!image.!
Card&Contents&
!
The!card!contents!button!shown!above!will!transfer!to!a!view!displaying!thumbnails!
of!the!images!on!the!camera’s!removable!media.!The!app!will!initially!load!the!most!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
18!
recent!16!thumbnails!on!a!scrollable!window.!To!load!more!thumbnails,!scroll!to!the!
bottom!and!press!the!“More”!button!to!download!an!additional!16!thumbnails.!
!
Any!number!of!thumbnails!can!be!selected!by!pressing!a!thumbnail.!Selected!
thumbnails!will!have!a!yellow!border!around!them.!After!selecting!thumbnails!they!
may!either!be!deleted!or!saved.!The!“Delete”!button!at!the!lower!left!will!first!
prompt!the!user!to!confirm,!and!then!delete!the!associated!images!of!the!selected!
thumbnails!from!the!camera’s!removable!media.!The!“Save”!button!at!the!lower!
right!will!save!all!associated!images!of!the!selected!thumbnails!to!the!user’s!iOS!
photo!library.!Images!are!saved!regardless!of!format.!
!
Note:!The!thumbnails!are!presented!in!chronological!order!beginning!with!the!most!
recent.!However,!for!Nikon!they!are!grouped!first!by!format,!such!that!all!JPG’s!will!
be!listed,!then!TIFF’s,!and!finally!RAW!images.!
!
Assuming!the!user!has!a!GPS!enabled!iOS!device!and!has!granted!location!privileges!
to!the!CamRanger!app,!the!app!records!GPS!positions!in!order!to!tag!images!saved!to!
the!iOS!device.!When!an!image!is!downloaded,!the!app!attempts!to!find!a!GPS!
position!that!corresponds!with!the!time!the!image!was!taken.!If!a!position!is!found,!
the!GPS!data!is!added!to!the!file’s!EXIF!header.!Note:!GPS!data!can!only!be!added!to!
JPG!images!and!the!image!file!on!the!cameras!removable!media!is!not!updated.!
!
Images!within!the!card!contents!view!can!also!be!viewed!by!double!tapping!on!the!
image.!Similarly!to!the!main!screen!image!viewer,!images!can!be!swiped!left!or!right!
to!display!the!previous!or!next!image!respectively.!
Compare&
Comparing!multiple!images!can!be!done!from!within!the!card!contents!view!or!the!
special!“Compare”!button!visible!when!in!Client!mode.!The!“Compare”!button!is!
located!on!the!right!side!of!the!bottom!toolbar!and!will!become!active!when!
between!2!and!4!images!are!selected.!Selecting!the!“Compare”!button!will!show!
these!2!to!4!images!all!on!the!same!screen.!
!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
19!
!
!
The!images!displayed!within!the!compare!screen!are!not!full!resolution,!but!are!
scaled!down.!They!can!be!zoomed!in!and!out!with!a!double!tap!or!pinch!zooming.!To!
save,!delete,!or!rate!an!individual,!first!tap!on!image!to!select!it,!as!indicated!by!a!
yellow!outline!around!the!image.!
Ratings&System&
The!builtYin!ratings!system!allows!the!user!to!add!a!1,!2,!or!3!star!rating!or!as!well!as!
a!comment!to!any!displayed!image.!However,!because!the!images!are!stored!on!the!
camera’s!memory!card!and!cannot!be!edited,!the!ratings!list!is!stored!as!a!separate!
and!distinct!list!of!file!names!and!ratings!that!can!be!emailed.!
!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
20!
!
An!individual!image!can!be!rated!by!pressing!the!“Rate”!button!in!the!image!controls!
on!the!bottom.!Tapping!the!desired!star!can!set!the!number!of!stars.!A!comment!can!
be!added!within!the!provided!“Notes”!field.!
!
The!list!of!all!the!rated!images!on!the!current!memory!can!be!accessed!from!the!
“Settings”!button!(see!the!Advanced!Settings!section!for!more!details).!
!
!
The!Ratings!list!displays!all!the!ratings!associated!with!images!on!the!camera’s!
memory!card.!Ratings!can!be!edited!by!tapping!a!new!star!rating!or!by!changing!the!
text!in!the!notes!field.!Images!can!be!viewed!by!double!tapping!on!an!item!in!the!
ratings!list.!An!individual!rating!can!be!deleted!by!selecting!it!and!then!pressing!the!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
21!
“Remove!“!button!in!the!bottom!right.!The!entire!list!can!be!cleared!by!pressing!the!
“Clear”!button!on!the!bottom!left.!The!entire!list!can!also!be!emailed!by!pressing!the!
“Email!List”.!The!email!will!contain!a!listing!of!the!ratings!with!each!rating!
consisting!of!the!filename,!star!rating,!and!any!comment.!(As!a!reminder!any!email!
sent!will!not!actually!be!sent!until!the!iOS!device!is!connected!to!the!Internet).!
Tips&&&Troubleshooting&
Below!are!some!tips!and!troubleshooting!for!common!questions!or!issues!arranged!
by!category:!
Registration&
•
•
•
If!the!CamRanger!iOS!app!is!reYinstalled,!the!iOS!device!may!need!to!be!reY
registered.!
Most!registration!issues!are!due!to!not!having!Internet!connectivity!or!
entering!the!serial!number!incorrectly.!
If!you!still!have!issues,!please!email!contact@CamRanger.com!for!assistance.!
Connection&
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Make!sure!CamRanger!is!fully!powered!on!and!initialized!(it!should!take!
approximately!30!seconds).!The!power!light!and!WiFi!light!should!both!be!
on.!
The!password!to!connect!to!the!CamRanger!WiFi!is!the!CamRanger!serial!
number!in!all!CAPS.!If!there!are!still!issues!connecting,!turning!the!iOS!
devices!WiFi!off!and!on!may!help.!
If!the!CamRanger!application!is!connected!to!the!CamRanger!device,!but!no!
camera!is!connected,!it!will!attempt!to!connect!to!a!camera!approximately!
every!5!seconds.!
If!the!iOS!device!is!outside!of!or!near!the!edge!of!the!range!of!the!CamRanger!
hardware!there!will!be!connection!problems.!
Use!the!“Disconnect”!and!“Connect”!buttons!in!the!Advanced!Settings!to!force!
a!new!session/connection.!
Power!cycling!the!camera!and!CamRanger!as!well!as!restarting!the!app!will!
completely!refresh!the!connection.!
When!the!camera!battery!begins!to!get!low,!certain!commands!may!start!to!
fail!or!a!connection!may!be!refused.!
The!CamRanger!hardware!can!only!be!connected!to!a!single!iOS!device!at!a!
time.!
If!there!is!an!inconsistent!or!intermittent!connection,!the!issue!is!likely!
related!to!the!USB!connection!and!different!USB!cable!will!often!fix!the!
problem.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
22!
Speed&
•
•
•
•
The!CamRanger!has!all!the!same!distance!and!interference!limitations!as!
WiFi.!Long!distances!and!solid!objects!will!slow!the!connection!speed.!
The!CamRanger!app!can!handle!very!large!image!files.!However,!waiting!for!
those!files!to!transfer!from!the!camera!and!then!over!WiFi!can!be!time!
consuming.!A!common!operating!mode!is!to!shoot!RAW!along!with!a!small!or!
medium!sized!JPG.!
Newer!and!faster!iOS!devices!do!perform!better!overall,!particularly!for!
intensive!tasks!such!as!showing!the!100%!resolution!images.!
Image!files!can!be!very!large!and!memory!intensive.!If!the!CamRanger!app!is!
having!stability!issues,!closing!other!apps!running!in!the!background!or!even!
power!cycling!the!iOS!device!will!improve!performance.!
Commands&
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Depending!on!the!camera!and!the!mode,!capture!can!fail!if!the!camera!fails!to!
acquire!focus.!
Intervalometer,!Bulb,!and!Advanced!Bracketing!sequence!commands!are!
stored!on!the!CamRanger!hardware!such!that!the!iOS!device!does!not!need!to!
remain!on!and!connected.!However,!this!also!means!that!any!changes!or!
actions!with!the!iOS!device!during!one!of!those!advanced!operations!could!
result!in!failure!or!unexpected!outcomes.!
When!an!operation,!command,!or!setting!is!not!available!or!not!working!the!
issue!is!often!related!to!the!camera!setup.!For!example:!
o Toggling!to!AF!is!disabled!if!the!camera!lens!switch!is!set!to!MF.!
o Live!view!will!fail!on!Canon!cameras!if!Live!View!Shooting!is!disabled!
in!the!camera’s!menu.!
o Capture!fails!because!the!removable!media!on!the!camera!is!full.!
For!Canon!cameras,!the!Live!View!focus!mode!within!the!camera’s!menu!
must!be!set!to!“Live!View”.!
Adjusting!or!viewing!the!number!of!bracketing!shots!is!not!currently!
supported.!The!display!assumes!three!shots.!However,!if!the!number!of!shots!
is!actually!2,!5,!7,!9,!etc.!the!bracket!amount!is!still!correct!it!will!just!
incorrectly!display!3!shots.!
Some!features!are!simply!not!supported!by!some!cameras.!For!example!
continuous!capture!mode!is!not!supported!on!the!Canon!40D!and!most!
Nikons!do!not!support!bulb!shots.!See!the!camera!capability!matrix!at!
www.CamRanger.com!for!more!detailed!information.!
There!is!no!way!to!cancel!an!Intervalometer,!Bulb,!or!Advanced!Bracketing!
sequence!command.!The!only!way!to!stop!it!is!to!power!off!the!CamRanger!
device.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
23!
Images&
•
•
•
The!thumbnails!are!not!downloaded!until!after!the!image!has!been!recorded!
to!the!camera’s!card.!On!most!cameras!this!is!relatively!quick.!However,!
depending!on!the!camera,!speed!of!removable!media!and!number!of!shots!
taken!in!succession,!there!can!be!a!lag.!
The!maximum!sized!image!that!can!be!viewed!is!dependent!on!the!iOS!
hardware.!For!example,!the!1st!Generation!iPad!can!only!handle!large!RAW!or!
JPG’s!from!slightly!older!cameras,!but!can!handle!medium!sized!images!from!
most!current!cameras.!The!3rd!Generation!iPad!supports!all!image!sizes!for!
all!supported!cameras.!Regardless,!all!image!formats!and!sizes!can!be!
downloaded!to!the!user’s!iOS!Photo!library!through!the!card!contents!view.!!
CamRanger!can!be!used!to!view!and!download!pictures!captured!through!
other!means.!So!a!separate!photographer!could!be!capturing!images,!or!a!RF!
or!light!trigger!could!capture!images!and!the!CamRanger!app!would!
automatically!download!the!thumbnails.!
©!CamRanger!–!Patent!Pending!
24!
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