Mercury | 2002 Villager | Specifications | Mercury 2002 Villager Specifications

www.carburetor-manual.com
Would you like some Free Manuals?
http://carburetor-manual.com/free-shop-manual-club-t-13.html
Also visit http://freeshopmanual.com for more Free Manuals
Also Visit my website for 7 FREE Download Manuals starting
with this one.
"The ABC's of Carburetion"
Click Here Now
file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tim/Desktop/carburetor-manual-welcome/index.htm[4/25/2009 11:42:20 AM]
Table of Contents
Introduction
Instrument Cluster
4
10
Warning and control lights
Gauges
10
15
Entertainment Systems
20
AM/FM stereo cassette (CD changer compatible)
AM/FM stereo cassette with CD
Rear seat controls
CD changer
Climate Controls
Manual heating and air conditioning
Electronic automatic temperature control
Lights
Headlamps
Turn signal control
Bulb replacement
Driver Controls
Windshield wiper/washer control
Steering wheel adjustment
Power windows
Mirrors
Speed control
Message center
20
39
50
53
58
58
63
74
74
76
77
83
83
85
87
89
90
99
Locks and Security
108
Keys
Locks
Anti-theft system
108
108
109
1
Table of Contents
Seating and Safety Restraints
Seating
Safety restraints
Air bags
Child restraints
Driving
115
129
136
141
155
Starting
Brakes
Transmission operation
Vehicle loading
Trailer towing
Recreational towing
155
158
162
167
169
172
Roadside Emergencies
173
Getting roadside assistance
Hazard flasher switch
Fuel pump shut-off switch
Fuses and relays
Changing tires
Jump starting
Wrecker towing
Customer Assistance
The dispute settlement board
Utilizing the mediation/arbitration
Getting assistance outside the U.S. and Canada
Ordering additional owner’s literature
Reporting safety defects (U.S. only)
2
115
173
174
174
175
182
188
193
194
197
200
200
201
202
Table of Contents
Cleaning
203
Maintenance and Specifications
209
Hood
Engine compartment
Engine oil
Battery
Fuel information
Air filter(s)
Part numbers
Refill capacities
Lubricant specifications
Engine data
Vehicle dimensions
210
211
212
215
221
234
239
239
240
241
242
Accessories
245
Index
248
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company. Ford may change the contents without
notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 2002 Ford Motor Company
3
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain
vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and certain products
of component wear contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
CONGRATULATIONS
Congratulations on acquiring your new Mercury. Please take the time to
get well acquainted with your vehicle by reading this handbook. The
more you know and understand about your vehicle the greater the safety
and pleasure you will derive from driving it.
For more information on Ford Motor Company and its products visit the
following website:
• In the United States: www.ford.com
• In Canada: www.ford.ca
• In Mexico: www.ford.com.mx
• In Australia: www.ford.com.au
4
Introduction
Additional owner information is given in separate publications.
This Owner’s Guide describes every option and model variant available
and therefore some of the items covered may not apply to your
particular vehicle. Furthermore, due to printing cycles it may describe
options before they are generally available.
Remember to pass on the Owner’s Guide when reselling the vehicle. It is
an integral part of the vehicle.
Fuel pump shut-off switch In the event of an accident the
safety switch will automatically cut off the fuel supply to the
engine. The switch can also be activated through sudden vibration (e.g.
collision when parking). To reset the switch, refer to the Fuel pump
shut-off switch in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
Warning symbols in this guide
How can you reduce the risk of personal injury and prevent possible
damage to others, your vehicle and its equipment? In this guide, answers
to such questions are contained in comments highlighted by the warning
triangle symbol. These comments should be read and observed.
Warning symbols on your vehicle
When you see this symbol, it is
imperative that you consult the
relevant section of this guide before
touching or attempting adjustment
of any kind.
5
Introduction
Protecting the environment
We must all play our part in
protecting the environment. Correct
vehicle usage and the authorized
disposal of waste cleaning and
lubrication materials are significant
steps towards this aim. Information in this respect is highlighted in this
guide with the tree symbol.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular guidelines for breaking-in your vehicle. During
the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
recommended to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Emission warranty
The New Vehicle Limited Warranty includes Bumper-to-Bumper
Coverage, Safety Restraint Coverage, Corrosion Coverage, and 7.3L
Power Stroke Diesel Engine Coverage. In addition, your vehicle is eligible
for Emissions Defect and Emissions Performance Warranties. For a
detailed description of what is covered and what is not covered, refer to
the Warranty Guide that is provided to you along with your Owner’s
Guide.
6
Introduction
Special instructions
For your added safety, your vehicle is fitted with sophisticated electronic
controls.
By operating other electronic equipment (e.g. mobile telephone
without exterior aerial) electromagnetic fields can occur which
can cause malfunctions of the vehicle electronics. Therefore you should
observe the instructions of the equipment manufacturers.
Please read the section Air bag in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter. Failure to follow the specific warnings and
instructions could result in personal injury.
Front seat mounted rear-facing child or baby seats should
NEVER be used in front of a passenger side air bag.
7
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
AdvanceTrac
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
8
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Power Window Lockout
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
MAX
MIN
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
Check fuel cap
Low tire warning
9
Instrument Cluster
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Warning lights and gauges can alert you to a vehicle condition that may
become serious enough to cause expensive repairs. A warning light may
illuminate when a problem exists with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Many lights will illuminate when you start your vehicle to make sure the
bulb works. If any light remains on after starting the vehicle, have
the respective system inspected immediately.
Standard analog instrument cluster
3
2
4
6
20
7
1
H
40
30
5
RPM x 1000
10
8
0
50 60
60
40
70
80 100
120
80
140
20
90
F
160
MPH
km/h
0
C
100
E
TRIP A
CRUISE
R N D 2 1
P
SET
Optional electronic instrument cluster
CRUISE
5
6
7
8
F
2
˚F ˚C
MILES/BAL
L/100 km
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
AVG. ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
4
3
H
1
0
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
MPH
km/h
km
E
FUEL DOOR
AIR
BAG
!
P
BRAKE
P
R N D 2 1
N
O
R
M
A
L
1/2
C
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ABS
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
O/D
OFF
Service engine soon
Illuminates briefly to ensure the
SERVICE
system is functional. If it comes on
ENGINE
after the engine is started, one of
SOON
the engine’s emission control
systems may be malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a
driveability concern being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and
will not require towing.
10
Instrument Cluster
Light turns on solid:
Temporary malfunctions may cause the light to illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel.
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the fuel cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the light
should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup
followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is
required.
If the light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Brake system warning
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
!
P
BRAKE
11
Instrument Cluster
To confirm the brake system warning light is functional, it will
momentarily illuminate when the ignition is turned to the ON position
(alternatively for some vehicles when the ignition is moved from the ON
position to START position, the light will momentarily illuminate prior to
reaching the START position). It also illuminates if the parking brake is
engaged. If the brake system warning light does not illuminate as
described, seek service immediately. Illumination after the parking brake
is released indicates low brake fluid level or a brake system malfunction
and the brake system should be serviced immediately by a qualified
technician. Refer to Brakes in the Driving chapter for more information.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
To confirm the anti-lock brake
system (ABS) warning light is
ABS
functional it will momentarily
illuminate when the ignition is
turned to the ON position
(alternatively for some vehicles when the ignition is moved from the ON
position to the START position, the light will momentarily illuminate just
prior to reaching the START position). If the light remains on, continues
to flash or fails to illuminate, have the ABS serviced immediately. If the
ABS light remains on, it means the anti-lock brake system has
malfunctioned and is disabled, however, the normal brake system will
still function unless the brake warning light also remains illuminated and
parking brake is off. Refer to Brakes in the Driving chapter for more
information.
Safety belt
Illuminates to remind you to fasten
your safety belts. For more
information, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Air bag readiness
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
12
Instrument Cluster
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
AIR
BAG
Illuminates to confirm that the air bags are operational. If the light fails
to illuminate, continues to flash or remains on, have the system serviced
immediately.
Charging system
Illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly.
Engine oil pressure
Illuminates when the oil pressure
falls below the normal range. Check
the oil level and add oil if needed.
Refer to Engine oil in the
Maintenance and specifications chapter.
Low fuel
Illuminates when the fuel level in
the fuel tank is at, or near, empty
(refer to Fuel gauge in this chapter
for more information).
Low washer fluid
Illuminates when the windshield
washer fluid is low.
Speed control
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
The “CRUISE” light comes on when
the ON control is pressed.
CRUISE
SET
13
Instrument Cluster
The “SET” light comes on when either the COAST/SET or RES/ACCEL
controls are pressed. The “SET” light turns off when the cruise cancel
control is pressed or the brake is applied. Both the “CRUISE” and “SET”
lights turn off when the OFF control is pressed or the ignition is turned
to the OFF position.
• Optional electronic instrument
CRUISE
cluster
This light comes on when either the
COAST/SET or RES/ACCEL controls are pressed. It turns off when the
cruise cancel control is pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
O/D off
Illuminates when the overdrive
O/D
function has been turned OFF using
OFF
the Transmission Control Switch
(TCS) on the gearshift. If the light
does not come on or the light flashes steadily, have your vehicle serviced
as soon as possible, damage to the transmission could occur.
Door ajar
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
Illuminates when any door is open (or not fully closed).
Turn signals
Illuminates when the turn signals or
the hazard lights are turned on. If
the lights stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out bulb.
14
Instrument Cluster
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the key is removed
from the ignition and the driver’s door is opened.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition and the driver’s door is
opened.
GAUGES
Standard analog instrument cluster gauges
3
2
5
6
7
1
H
4
RPM x 1000
8
0
40
30
20
10
50 60
60
40
70
80 100
120
MPH
0
C
SET
P
90
F
160
km/h
TRIP A
CRUISE
80
140
20
100
E
R N D 2 1
15
Instrument Cluster
Optional electronic instrument cluster gauges
CRUISE
5
6
7
8
F
2
˚F ˚C
MILES/BAL
L/100 km
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
AVG. ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
4
3
H
1
0
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
MPH
km/h
km
E
FUEL DOOR
AIR
BAG
!
P
BRAKE
P
R N D 2 1
N
O
R
M
A
L
1/2
C
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
ABS
O/D
OFF
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely possible, switch off the
ignition and let it cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance
and specifications chapter.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level or mixture, the
gauge indication will not be accurate.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot. Steam and scalding liquid from a hot cooling
system can burn you badly.
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
H
C
16
Instrument Cluster
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
H
N
O
R
M
A
L
C
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much fuel is in the fuel tank. The fuel gauge
may vary slightly when the vehicle is in motion or on a grade.
When refueling the vehicle from empty indication, the amount of fuel
that can be added will be less than the advertised capacity due to the
reserve fuel.
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
F
E
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
F
1/2
E
17
Instrument Cluster
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
40
30
60
40
20
10
50 60
70
80 100
120
80
140
20
90
160
MPH
km/h
0
100
TRIP A
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
CRUISE
4
3
5
6
7
8
2
MPH
km/h
km
1
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
0
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers (miles) of the vehicle.
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
CRUISE
3
ODO
4
5
6
7
8
2
1
0
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
MPH
km/h
km
Refer to Electronic Message Center in the Driver controls chapter for
information on how to switch the display from metric to English
measurements.
18
Instrument Cluster
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of individual journeys.
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
To reset, press and hold the control
for one second.
• Optional electronic instrument
4
cluster
CRUISE
3
Refer to Electronic Message Center
2
in the Driver controls chapter for
1
information on how to switch the
0
display from Trip 1 and Trip 2
features on the electronic
instrument cluster.
TRIP A
5
6
7
8
MPH
km/h
km
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer pointer continuously at the top of the scale
may damage the engine.
• Standard analog instrument
cluster
3
2
4
5
RPM x 1000
7
1
8
0
• Optional electronic instrument
cluster
CRUISE
6
3
4
5
6
7
8
2
1
0
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
MPH
km/h
km
19
Entertainment Systems
AM/FM STEREO/CASSETTE (CD CHANGER COMPATIBLE)
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
CLK
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
CD
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
SIDE 1 - 2
EJ
REW
DISCS
CD
1
CD
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
TAPE
AMS
4
FF
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
20
Entertainment Systems
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
21
Entertainment Systems
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio or CD changer mode.
Seek function in radio mode
to find the next
• Press
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
Seek function for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous
SEEK
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
TUNE
DISCS
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
CD changer mode (if equipped).
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
22
Entertainment Systems
Scan function in CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
SCAN control again.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD changer modes
(if equipped).
AM
FM
CD
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations ( six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
23
Entertainment Systems
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
CD
1
CD
2
3
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press the SEEK
control:
•
to decrease hours and
•
to increase hours.
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
CLK
TAPE
AMS
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press the
TUNE control:
CLK
TAPE
AMS
•
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
The CLK control will allow you to switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information, etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media information will display for 10 seconds,
when the radio is turned on, and then revert to clock information. Any
time that the media is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media
information will again display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the
clock. In media mode, the media information will always be displayed.
24
Entertainment Systems
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio and CD changer modes (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
to move to the next
• Press
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
DISCS
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the disc.
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
• Press
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
or CD changer mode, press the
TAPE control.
• If no tape is found, NO TAPE
appears in the display.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
25
Entertainment Systems
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
CLK
beginning of the tape selection
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
TAPE
AMS
To activate the feature, momentarily
depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the beginning of the current selection) or
FF (to advance to the next selection). The tape deck stops and returns
to play mode when the AMS circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least four seconds duration between programs.
CD changer select (if equipped)
• To enter CD changer mode while
in radio or tape mode, press the
CD control.
AM
FM
CD
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape and CD changer (if equipped) modes.
To rewind in tape mode, press the
SIDE 1 - 2
SIDE/REW control.
Press the 1–2/FF control to stop
rewinding the tape.
To rewind in CD changer mode,
press the CD control.
Press the control again to deactivate
rewind mode.
26
REW
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
CD
1
Entertainment Systems
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in tape and CD changer modes.
To fast forward in tape mode, press
SIDE 1 - 2
the 1–2/FF control.
Tape direction will automatically
REW FF
reverse when the end of the tape is
reached.
Press the SIDE/REW control to stop
SIDE 1 - 2
the fast forward of the tape.
REW
To fast forward in CD changer
mode, press the CD control.
Press the control again to deactivate
fast forward mode.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE and 1–2 at the same
time to play the alternate side of a
tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
Compression feature (if equipped)
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
FF
CD
2
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
EJ
COMP
5
27
Entertainment Systems
Shuffle feature (if equipped)
The shuffle feature operates in CD
changer mode and plays all tracks
on the current disc in random order.
The shuffle feature continues to the
next disc after all tracks are played.
SHUFFLE
6
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Dolby姞 noise reduction
Dolby威 noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolby威 noise
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
reduction.
4
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolby威 noise
Dolby威 noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby威
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolby威” and the double-D symbol
are registered trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Rear audio controls (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with rear audio controls for the rear seat
passengers. Refer to Rear Seat Controls in this Chapter for more
information.
28
Entertainment Systems
PREMIUM AM/FM CASSETTE (CD CHANGER COMPATIBLE)
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
EJ
TAPE
AM
FM
TUNE
SEEK
MUTE
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
RDS / CLK
SCAN
4
FADE
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Your audio system is equipped with selective lighting, a unique lighting
strategy. This lighting feature is operable when the headlamps are
illuminated. During the operation of any selected mode, lighting for the
individual function controls will either illuminate or turn off. Those
controls which have a function for the specific mode of operation
selected will be lit, while the controls which have no function for that
mode will be turned off.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH ON
29
Entertainment Systems
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
SEL
TREB
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
BASS
SEL
TREB
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
SEL
FADE
30
Entertainment Systems
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
BAL
SEL
FADE
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD changer mode (if
equipped).
Seek function in radio mode
to find the next
• Press
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
SEEK
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
to listen to the previous selection on the tape or return to
• Press
the beginning of the current selection.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
Seek function for CD changer (if equipped)
to seek to the previous
• Press
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you press
that selection from the beginning.
SEEK
, the CD changer will replay
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
• Press
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD changer mode (if
equipped).
SCAN
31
Entertainment Systems
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.). To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD changer modes
(if equipped).
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
32
Entertainment Systems
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Setting the clock
Press the CLOCK control until
SELECT HOUR or SELECT MINS is
displayed.
RDS / CLK
Use the SEL control to manually set
the time.
to increase
• Press
hours/minutes.
SEL
to decrease
• Press
hours/minutes.
33
Entertainment Systems
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD changer mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
TUNE
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer
• Press
to select the previous
TUNE
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
disc unless the CD changer is in shuffle mode.) Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the disc.
• Press
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Tape/CD changer mode select (if equipped)
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
CD
TAPE
while in the radio or CD changer
mode, press the TAPE control.
Press the button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or
fast forward function and begin play.
• To begin CD play (if CD[s] are
loaded), press the CD control.
CD
TAPE
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that, CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
CD units are designed to play commercially pressed 12 cm (4.75
in) audio compact discs only. Due to technical incompatibility,
certain recordable and re-recordable compact discs may not
function correctly when used in Ford CD players. Irregular
shaped CDs, CDs with a scratch protection film attached, and CDs
with homemade paper (adhesive) labels should not be inserted
34
Entertainment Systems
into the CD player. The label may peel and cause the CD to
become jammed. It is recommended that homemade CDs be
identified with permanent felt tip marker rather than adhesive
labels. Ball point pens may damage CDs. Please contact your
dealer for further information.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD changer modes (if
equipped).
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped (with the TAPE or FF control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD changer mode, pressing the REW control for less than three
seconds results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than
three seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD changer modes (if
equipped).
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD changer mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds
results in slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than
three seconds results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
EJ
35
Entertainment Systems
Dolby姞 noise reduction
Dolby威 noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolby威 noise
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
4
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolby威 noise
Press the
reduction.
Dolby威 noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby威
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolby威” and the double-D symbol
are registered trademarks of Dolby威 Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression feature (if equipped)
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature (if equipped)
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFF
changer mode and plays all tracks
on the current disc in random order.
6
The shuffle feature continues to the
next disc after all tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
36
MUTE
Entertainment Systems
Radio Data System (RDS) feature
When selected, the RDS (Radio
Data System) function performs the
following:
• Displays the radio station call
letters
RDS / CLK
• Displays the type of music format (jazz, country, rock)
• Searches for a particular type of music format by selecting the SEEK
control
• Allows traffic information broadcasts to be turned on and off with the
SEL control
Press the RDS/CLK control until RDS OFF is displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select ON
or OFF.
SEL
Traffic
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
RDS / CLK
• Use the SEL control to select ON
or OFF. With the feature on, use
the SEEK or SCAN control to
SEL
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
Traffic information is not available in most U.S. markets.
Program type
• Press the RDS control until FIND
program type is displayed.
RDS / CLK
37
Entertainment Systems
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or SCAN
control to find the desired
program type from the following
selections:
• Classic
SEL
• Country
• Info
• Jazz
• Oldies
• R&B
• Religious
• Rock
• Soft
• Top 40
Show
• With RDS activated, press the
RDS control until SHOW is
displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select the
program TYPE, station NAME or
NONE (no text displayed).
RDS / CLK
SEL
Rear audio controls (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with rear audio controls for the rear seat
passengers. Refer to Rear Seat Controls in this Chapter for more
information.
38
Entertainment Systems
SUPER SOUND AM/FM STEREO/CASSETTE/SINGLE CD PLAYER
(CD CHANGER COMPATIBLE)
DISC
VOL - PUSH ON
EJ
FM1
MUTE
ST
AM
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
FADE
RDS
CLK
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
SEL
4
BAL
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
Your audio system is equipped with selective lighting, a unique lighting
strategy. This lighting feature is operable when the headlamps are
illuminated. During the operation of any selected mode, lighting for the
individual function controls will either illuminate or turn off. Those
controls which have a function for the specific mode of operation
selected will be lit, while the controls which have no function for that
mode will be turned off.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL - PUSH ON
39
Entertainment Systems
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain your preset
volume level, turn the audio system off with the power control before
switching off the ignition.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
•
to decrease bass output and
•
to increase bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
40
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
Entertainment Systems
Press the TREB control then press:
•
to decrease treble output and
•
to increase treble output.
SEL
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
•
to shift sound to the left and
•
to shift sound to the right.
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift sound to the front
and
•
BAL
FADE
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
to shift sound to the rear.
41
Entertainment Systems
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
Seek function for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the
beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
42
Entertainment Systems
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
AM
FM
the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune
adjust or Seek function for more information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset
1
2
3
5
4
control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
6
43
Entertainment Systems
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
AUTO
3. When the first six strong stations
RDS
are filled, the station stored in
CLK
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Setting the clock
Press the RDS/CLK control until
SELECT HOUR is displayed and
press:
•
to decrease hours and
•
to increase hours.
To set the minute, press the
RDS/CLK control until SELECT MIN
is displayed and press:
44
AUTO
RDS
CLK
SEL
AUTO
RDS
CLK
Entertainment Systems
•
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
SEL
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
to move to the next
• Press
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
to select the previous
• Press
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the disc.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the
control to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
45
Entertainment Systems
Tape/CD/CD changer (if equipped) select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
If equipped with a CD changer, press the CD control to toggle between
single CD and CD changer play.
CD units are designed to play commercially pressed 12 cm (4.75
in) audio compact discs only. Due to technical incompatibility,
certain recordable and re-recordable compact discs may not
function correctly when used in Ford CD players. Irregular
shaped CDs, CDs with a scratch protection film attached, and CDs
with homemade paper (adhesive) labels should not be inserted
into the CD player. The label may peel and cause the CD to
become jammed. It is recommended that homemade CDs be
identified with permanent felt tip marker rather than adhesive
labels. Ball point pens may damage CDs. Please contact your
dealer for further information.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
46
Entertainment Systems
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape and CD modes.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
FF
2
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
Press the control to stop and eject a
CD.
EJ
Dolby姞 noise reduction
Dolby威 noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolby威 noise
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
reduction.
4
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolby威 noise
The Dolby威 noise reduction system is manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby威 and the double-D
symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby威 Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
47
Entertainment Systems
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
mode and plays all tracks on the
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
shuffle feature continues to the next
disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
COMP
5
SHUFFLE
6
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
EJ
MUTE
Radio Data System (RDS) feature
When selected, the RDS (Radio
Data System) function performs the
following:
• Displays the radio station call
letters.
AUTO
RDS
CLK
• Displays the type of music format (jazz, country, rock).
• Searches for a particular type of music format by selecting the SEEK
control.
• Allows traffic information broadcasts to be turned on and off with the
SEL control.
48
Entertainment Systems
Press the RDS control. Use the SEL
control to select ON or OFF to
enable or disable the feature.
RDS traffic announcement
When set ON, this traffic feature will
interrupt tape or CD play to play a
traffic report broadcast from a FM
RDS station.
To activate the traffic feature:
SEL
AUTO
RDS
CLK
• Press the RDS control until TRAFFIC is displayed.
To see if any stations in your area are capable of broadcasting an RDS
traffic alert, press SCAN or SEEK while TRAFFIC ON is displayed. The
radio will then SCAN or SEEK only
SEL
to traffic capable stations.
RDS select program type
• Press the RDS control until FIND
program type is displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select the
desired program type. With the
feature ON (FIND program type),
press the SEEK, AUTOSET, or
SCAN control to find only
stations of the selected type from
the following selections:
• Classic
• Country
• Info
• Jazz/R&B
• Religious
AUTO
RDS
CLK
SEL
49
Entertainment Systems
• Rock
• Soft
• Top 40
RDS show
RDS sends information with the FM
broadcast, including: station name,
station type, and/or radio text. To
view this information:
• With the RDS menu enabled,
press the RDS control until SHOW is displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE, NAME, TEXT or NONE.
When your radio is turned to a
RDS station, RDS station TYPE,
station NAME, or TEXT message
will be displayed along with the
frequency. Press SEL in order to
scroll through the text messages.
AUTO
RDS
CLK
SEL
Rear audio controls (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with rear audio controls for the rear seat
passengers. Refer to Rear Seat Controls in this Chapter for more
information.
REAR SEAT CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)
The Rear Seat Controls (RSC) allow
VOLUME
the rear seat passengers to operate
the radio, tape, CD or CD changer
(if equipped).
Simultaneously press the memory
preset controls 3 and 5 to engage
will appear in the
the RSC.
radio display. Press 3 and 5 again to
disengage the RSC.
50
MEDIA
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
SEEK
MEM
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
Entertainment Systems
ADJUSTING THE VOLUME
Press the + control to increase
volume.
VOLUME
MEDIA MEM
SEEK
Press the — control to decrease
volume.
From the RSC, the speaker volume
can not be set higher than the
current volume radio setting. Once in headphone mode, the RSC volume
controls will only change the headphone volume level (muting the
speakers will not mute the headphones).
USING HEADPHONES
Plug a 3.6 mm headphone (not
VOLUME
MEDIA MEM
SEEK
included) into either one of the
jacks. Press
/
to
two
operate the headphones.
The speakers will cut out once the speaker on/off control is pressed.
/
again to deactivate headphones.
Press
PERSONAL AUDIO SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
If your vehicle is equipped with the Premium AM/FM cassette or the
Super Sound AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD Player, your vehicle is
equipped with the Personal Audio System.
The Personal Audio System allows the rear seat passengers to listen to
one media source (radio, tape, CD, or CD changer if equipped) while the
front seat passengers listen to another. However, front and rear seat
passengers can not listen to two different radio stations simultaneously.
The rear speakers will cut out once
VOLUME
MEDIA MEM
SEEK
the speaker on/off control is
pressed. DUAL PLAY will appear in
the audio display, signaling that your
Personal Audio System has been
activated. A soft audible sound may be heard from the rear speakers.
The front speaker will remain playing for the front passengers. Press
/
control again to deactivate the headphones (Personal Audio
the
System). SINGLE PLAY will appear in the digital display of the audio
system, signaling that your Personal Audio System has been deactivated.
51
Entertainment Systems
MEDIA SELECT
Push the MEDIA control to toggle
between AM, FM1, FM2, tape, or CD
changer (if equipped).
MEMORY PRESET CONTROL
Push the MEM control successively
to allow rear sear passengers to
scroll through the six memory
presets in AM, FM1, or FM2.
Push the MEM control in CD
changer mode (if equipped) to
advance to the next disc.
VOLUME
MEDIA
MEM
SEEK
VOLUME
MEDIA
MEM
SEEK
VOLUME
MEDIA
MEM
SEEK
SEEK FUNCTION
to find the next
• Press
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
In CD changer mode (if equipped), use the SEEK function to access the
or previous
selection.
next
In tape mode, use the SEEK function to access the next
previous
selection.
52
or
Entertainment Systems
CD CHANGER (IF EQUIPPED)
The CD changer is located in the center console of your vehicle.
1. Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
2. Press EJECT to eject the
magazine.
3. Turn the magazine (A) over.
4. Using the disc holder release
knob (C), pull the disc holder (B)
out of the magazine.
A
B
C
53
Entertainment Systems
A
If you pull too hard on the disc holder, the disc holder may come
completely out of the magazine. If this happens, reinsert the disc holder
back into the magazine while pressing on the lever (A).
5. Line up the CD with the groove
of the disc holder. Ensure that the
label on the CD faces downwards.
6. Press in on the disc holder until it
locks securely into the magazine. If
the disc holders are not fully locked
into the magazine, the unit will not
operate.
Ensure that the disc holder is
evenly inserted and at the same
level as the magazine (A). The unit
will not operate if the disc holder is
not inserted at the same level (B).
A
B
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove box when not being used.
54
Entertainment Systems
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power on or
off.
ONLY use the magazine type supplied with the CD changer, other types
will damage the unit.
Keep the CD changer door closed. Coins and foreign objects will damage
the CD player and void your audio system warranty.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE CD CHANGER (IF EQUIPPED)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
CLEANING COMPACT DISCS
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD AND CD CHANGER CARE
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
55
Entertainment Systems
CD units are designed to play commercially pressed 12 cm (4.75
in) audio compact discs only. Due to technical incompatibility,
certain recordable and re-recordable compact discs may not
function correctly when used in Ford CD players. Irregular
shaped CDs, CDs with a scratch protection film attached, and CDs
with homemade paper (adhesive) labels should not be inserted
into the CD player. The label may peel and cause the CD to
become jammed. It is recommended that homemade CDs be
identified with permanent felt tip marker rather than adhesive
labels. Ball point pens may damage CDs. Please contact your
dealer for further information.
CLEANING CASSETTE PLAYER
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
CASSETTE AND CASSETTE PLAYER CARE
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
RADIO FREQUENCY INFORMATION
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies
AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies
are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
56
Entertainment Systems
RADIO RECEPTION FACTORS
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
AUDIO SYSTEM WARRANTIES AND SERVICE
Refer to the Warranty Guide for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
57
Climate Controls
MANUAL HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM
1
OFF
2
3
4
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
MAX
A/C
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
1
2
3
4
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode Selector Control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
MAX
A/C
A/C Control
A/C
This control is used to manually enable or disable the operation of the
air conditioning in all modes. In all modes, the air conditioning will only
function if the outside temperature is about 4°C (40°F) or higher.
When A/C is selected (ON) the indicator will be lit. When A/C is selected
again (OFF) the indicator will not be lit.
58
Climate Controls
The air condition operates in MAX A/C and when the A/C control is
depressed. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 4°C (40°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
• MAX A/C – Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is
noisier than A/C modes but more economical and will cool the inside
of the vehicle faster. In this mode, the air conditioning will
automatically engage if the outside temperature is about 4°C (40°F) or
higher and the A/C indicator will automatically light. Airflow will be
from the instrument panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
•
(Panel) – Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided in this
mode. Push A/C to cool the vehicle below the outside temperature.
• OFF – Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to reduce undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
•
(Panel and floor) – Distributes outside air through the
instrument panel registers and the front and rear floor ducts. Heating
and air conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. Push A/C
in order to cool the vehicle below the outside temperature. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control knob is anywhere in
between the full hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through
the front and rear floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air sent
to the instrument panel registers.
•
(Floor) – Distributes outside air through the front and rear floor
ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided in this
mode. Push A/C in order to cool the vehicle below the outside
temperature.
Operating tips
• In humid weather conditions, place the climate control system in
Defrost mode before driving. This will reduce fogging on your
windshield. Once the windshield has been cleared, operate the climate
control system as desired.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in cold weather
conditions, don’t drive with the climate control system in the OFF or
MAX A/C position.
59
Climate Controls
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in warm weather
conditions, don’t drive with the climate control system in the OFF
position.
• Under normal weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate control
system should be left in any position other than the MAX A/C or OFF
when the vehicle is parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe”
through the outside air inlet duct.
• Under snowy or dirty weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in the OFF position when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the climate control system to be free from
contamination of outside pollutants.
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during warm
weather conditions, the air conditioner will perform more efficiently in
cooling the vehicle if driven for two or three minutes with the
windows open. This will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Once the vehicle has been “aired out”, operate the climate
control system as desired.
• Do not put objects under the front seat which may interfere with the
airflow to the rear seats (if equipped).
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield and underneath the hood).
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce visibility through your windshield. Avoid
placing small objects on top of the instrument panel. These objects
may fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow, in addition
to, damaging the climate control system.
To aid in side window defogging/demisting in cold weather conditions:
1. Select the position that distributes air through the Panel and Floor.
2. Set the temperature control to full heat.
3. Set the fan speed to full fan.
4. Direct the outer panel vents towards the side windows.
5. To increase airflow to the outer panel vents, close the central panel
vents.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
60
Climate Controls
REAR PASSENGER AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
This system allows the rear seat occupants to adjust their air
conditioning comfort level.
The rear A/C fan speed control allows the rear passengers to control the
volume of air that is distributed from the rear registers.
0
1
4 3
REAR
A/C
2
The rear seat A/C system is controlled from the main climate control
system on the instrument panel. Ensure that the control is set to REAR
A/C to engage the rear passenger compartment air conditioning system.
1
OFF
2
3
MAX
A/C
4
OFF REAR A/C 1
2
3
4
A/C
61
Climate Controls
Turning the Rear A/C on
1. Set the main climate control rear fan control to Rear A/C; set the
mode selector to any position (other than OFF), and depress the A/C
control.
1
OFF
2
3
MAX
A/C
4
OFF REAR A/C 1
2
3
4
A/C
2. Set the fan speed on the Rear A/C fan control to a number between
1–4 to regulate the airflow to the rear seat section.
0
REAR
A/C
1
4 3
2
The Rear A/C fan speed may be adjusted by the front seat passengers.
For example, if the Rear A/C fan speed is set at 4, the Rear A/C control
on the main climate control system may be adjusted to a lower setting
and will override that of the rear seat setting.
Turning the Rear A/C off:
There are two ways to turn the rear air conditioning system off. The first
way is to set the Rear Fan Control on the main climate control system to
OFF.
OFF REAR A/C 1
2
3
4
A/C
62
Climate Controls
You can also set the Rear Fan Control on the main climate control
system to Rear A/C and turn the Rear A/C Fan Control to 0.
0
1
4 3
REAR
A/C
2
For maximum cooling for the front seat passengers, set the rear fan
switch to the OFF (0) position.
Please note that the rear passenger air conditioning system is
designed for air conditioning purposes only, and does not heat the
rear compartment. Rear compartment heating is provided by the
underseat floor ducts. Refer to Rear Seat Heating.
ELECTRONIC AUTOMATIC TEMPERATURE CONTROL (EATC)
SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
A/C
OFF
HI
MAX
TEMP
AUTOMATIC
OFF REAR 1
A/C
2
3
4
LO
The EATC system will maintain a selected temperature and automatically
control airflow. You can override automatic operation with any of the
override controls or the fan speed control.
63
Climate Controls
Turning the EATC system on
HI
A/C
OFF
MAX
TEMP
AUTOMATIC
OFF REAR 1
A/C
2
3
4
LO
Press AUTOMATIC, any of the override controls or the fan speed control.
The EATC system will only operate when the vehicle is running.
Turning the EATC system off
Press OFF.
OFF
TEMP
AUTOMATIC
OFF REAR 1
A/C
Automatic operation
Press AUTOMATIC and select the desired temperature. The selected
temperature and the word AUTO will appear in the display window. The
EATC system will either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically determine fan speed, airflow
location and if outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed thumbwheel is turned or the
steering wheel fan speed control (if equipped) is pressed.
When in AUTOMATIC and weather conditions require heat, air will be
sent to the floor. However, if the engine is not warm enough to provide
heat, the fan will be at a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In approximately 31⁄2 minutes or less, the fan speed will start
to increase and the airflow location will change to the floor area.
64
Climate Controls
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging, etc.), the manual
override controls allow you to select airflow locations and the fan control
allows you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
Temperature selection
The display window indicates the
selected temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the override
controls) and manual control of fan
speed (
) if automatic fan speed is not desired.
To control the temperature, select
any temperature between 15°C
(60°F) and 32°C (90°F) by pressing
the temperature controls. However,
individual temperature settings
between 15°C (60°F) and 18°C
TEMP
(65°F) cannot be selected. The 15°C
AUTOMATIC
(60°F) and 18°C (65°F)
temperatures are the lowest settings
available.
˚F
AUTO
OFF
OFF REAR 1
A/C
For continuous maximum cooling, push the temperature control until
15°C (60°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
warmer temperature is selected by pressing the temperature controls.
For continuous maximum heating, push the temperature controls until
32°C (90°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum heating (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
cooler temperature is selected by pressing the temperature control.
Fan speed (
)
When AUTOMATIC is pressed, fan
speed is adjusted automatically for
existing conditions. You can override
fan speed at any time. To control
fan speed manually, use the
thumbwheel to cancel automatic fan
speed operation. Rotate the
thumbwheel or press the steering
wheel controls (if equipped) up for
higher fan speed or down for lower
fan speed.
A/C
HI
MAX
1
2
3
4
LO
65
Climate Controls
The display will show
to
indicate manual fan operation.
˚F
AUTO
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTOMATIC.
Manual override controls
A/C
OFF
HI
MAX
TEMP
AUTOMATIC
OFF REAR 1
A/C
2
3
4
LO
The override controls allow you to:
• manually control where the airflow is directed
• manually control the air conditioning operation
• manually select between outside or recirculated air during air
conditioning operation
The air conditioning can operate in all modes except OFF. It will also
operate only when required when AUTOMATIC has been selected.
However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 4°C (40°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to reduce undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
•
(Floor and defrost) - Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts and the front and rear floor ducts. Heating
and air conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control knob is anywhere in
between the full hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through
the front and rear floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air sent
to the windshield defroster ducts.
66
Climate Controls
•
(Defrost) - Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
If the temperature is about 4°C (40°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
•
(Panel) - Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided in this
mode. Push A/C to cool the vehicle below the outside temperature.
•
(Panel and floor) - Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the front and rear floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. Push A/C to cool
the vehicle below the outside temperature. For added customer
comfort, when the temperature control is anywhere in between the
full hot and full cold, the air distributed through the front and rear
floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument
panel registers.
•
(Floor) - Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the front and rear floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. Push A/C to cool the vehicle
below the outside temperature.
• MAX A/C - Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is
noisier than A/C A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of
the vehicle faster. After pressing the MAX control, both the MAX
and A/C A/C indicators will light and the airflow will be from the
instrument panel registers. In this mode, the air conditioning will
automatically engage if the outside temperature is about 4°C (40°F) or
higher.
Cooling your vehicle with outside air using override controls
Cooling your vehicle with air conditioned outside air using just the A/C
override control is quieter but less economical than using both the A/C
and the MAX control. It also has less cooling capacity and is not
recommended for high outside temperatures.
In order to cool your vehicle with outside air using the override controls:
1. Select the override control
2. Press
A/C
,
. The indicator light on
or
A/C
.
will illuminate.
3. Select the desired temperature for your comfort level.
4. Adjust the fan speed override knob to the position of your choice.
67
Climate Controls
During periods of high humidity, vapor may be emitted from the air
outlets when using the A/C system with outside air. This can be
corrected by using MAX A/C to cool the vehicle.
Rear seat heating
Rear seat heating is provided through the floor ducts located under the
front seats. Airflow and temperature to the rear seating are regulated by
the main climate control system.
Operating tips
(Defrost) before driving. This will
• In humid weather, select
reduce fogging on your windshield. Once the windshield has been
cleared, operate the climate control system as desired.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in cold weather
conditions, do not drive with the climate control system in the OFF or
MAX A/C position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in warm weather
conditions, do not drive with the climate control system in the OFF
position.
• Under normal weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate control
system should be left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF
when the vehicle is parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe”
through the outside air inlet duct.
• Under snowy or dirty weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in the OFF position when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the climate control system to be free from
contamination of outside pollutants.
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during warm
weather conditions, the air conditioner will perform more efficiently in
cooling the vehicle if driven for two or three minutes with the
windows open. This will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Once the vehicle has been “aired out”, operate the climate
control system as desired.
68
Climate Controls
• Do not place objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the rear seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of
the windshield.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects may
block airflow and reduce visibility through your windshield. Avoid
placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These objects
can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow, in addition
to, damaging the climate control system.
To aid in defogging/demisting in cold weather conditions:
1. Select
.
2. Set the temperature control to full heat
3. Set the fan speed to HI
4. Direct the outer panel vents towards the side windows
To increase airflow to the outer panel vents, close the central panel
vents.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
REAR PASSENGER AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM — EATC
SYSTEMS
On vehicles equipped with front passenger EATC systems, the vehicle
will also have rear passenger compartment climate controls, which allow
the rear seat occupants to adjust their air conditioning level.
69
Climate Controls
The rear A/C fan speed control allows rear passengers to control the
volume of air that is distributed from the rear registers.
0
1
4 3
REAR
A/C
2
The rear seat A/C system is controlled from the main climate control
system on the instrument panel. Ensure that the control is set to REAR
A/C to engage the rear passenger compartment air conditioning system.
A/C
OFF
HI
MAX
TEMP
AUTOMATIC
70
OFF REAR 1
A/C
2
3
4
LO
Climate Controls
Turning the Rear A/C on
1. Set the main climate control rear fan control to Rear A/C; set the
mode selector to any position (other than OFF), and depress the A/C
control.
A/C
OFF
HI
MAX
OFF REAR 1
A/C
TEMP
AUTOMATIC
2
3
4
LO
2. Set the fan speed on the Rear A/C fan control to a number between
1–4 to regulate the airflow to the rear seat section.
REAR
A/C
0
1
4 3
2
Turning the Rear A/C off:
There are two ways to turn the rear air conditioning system off. The first
way is to turn the Rear Fan Control on the main climate control system
to OFF.
OFF REAR 1
A/C
2
3
4
71
Climate Controls
You can also turn the Rear Fan Control on the main climate control
system to Rear A/C and turn the Rear A/C Fan Control to 0.
0
1
4 3
REAR
A/C
2
For maximum cooling for the front seat passengers, set the rear fan
switch to the OFF (0) position.
Please note that the rear passenger air conditioning system is
designed for air conditioning purposes only, and does not heat the
rear compartment. Rear compartment heating is provided by the
underseat floor ducts. Refer to Rear Seat Heating.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is located
on the instrument panel.
Press the rear defroster control to
clear the rear window of thin ice
and fog.
• The small LED will illuminate
when the rear defroster is
activated.
HAZARD
RR WASH
RR WIPER
RR DEFOG
SECURITY
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate the rear window
defroster.
The defroster turns off automatically after 15 minutes or when the
ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster
before 15 minutes have passed, push the control again.
72
Climate Controls
ODOR AND PARTICULATE AIR FILTRATION SYSTEM
(IF EQUIPPED)
The odor and particulate air filtration system is designed to reduce the
concentration of objectionable exterior odors as well as airborne particles
such as dust, spores and pollen in the air being supplied to the interior
of the vehicle. The extent of EXTERIOR odor reduction depends on the
odor itself and the perceptional threshold of the individual. The odor and
particulate filtration system gives the following benefits to customers:
• Improves the customer’s driving comfort by reducing odor and particle
concentration
• Improves the interior compartment cleanliness
• Protects the climate control components from particle deposits
The filter is located just in front of the windshield under the cowl grille
on the passenger side of the vehicle.
For more information, or to replace the filter, see your Ford, Lincoln or
Mercury Dealer.
73
Lights
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control
clockwise to the first position to
turn on the parking lamps. Rotate
clockwise to the second position to
also turn on the headlamps.
Push the control to turn on the
interior lamps. Push control again to
turn off the interior lamps.
Autolamp control (if equipped)
The autolamp system provides light
OFF
AUTO
sensitive automatic on-off control of
1
the low-beam exterior lights
AUTO
2
normally controlled by the headlamp
control.
The autolamp system also keeps the
lights on for a preselected period of
time after the ignition switch is
turned to OFF.
PUSH INTERIOR
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the
headlamp control counter clockwise to one of the two settings. The
AUTO 1 position has a preselected time lapse of approximately 25
seconds. The AUTO 2 position has a preselected time lapse of
approximately 21⁄2 minutes.
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the headlamp control clockwise to the
OFF position.
Foglamp control (if equipped)
Turn on the low-beam headlamps
and press the foglamp control to
activate the foglamps. The foglamp
control will illuminate when the
foglamps are on.
Press the foglamp control a second
time to deactivate the foglamps.
74
Lights
High beams
Push the lever toward the
instrument panel to activate. Pull
the lever towards you to deactivate.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
Flash to pass
Pull toward you slightly to activate
and release to deactivate.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel.
• Push and hold top of control to
brighten.
• Push and hold bottom of control
to dim.
DIM
The dome lamp will not illuminate if the control switch is in the OFF
position.
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.
75
Lights
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
• In vehicles equipped with daytime
running lights, use of the turn
signals will shut off the
highbeams in daytime driving.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
INTERIOR LAMPS
Dome lamps
The front dome lamp is located overhead between the driver and
passenger seats.
The dome lamp will stay on if the
control is moved to the ON position.
When the control is in the middle
position, the lamp will only come on
when a door is opened. If the
control is moved to the OFF
OFF
ON—
position, the lamp will not come on
at all.
The dome lamp will illuminate
whenever a front door is opened. If
either front door has been opened
from the outside, the lamp will remain on for 15 seconds after the door
is shut. If any other door has been opened from the inside, the lamp will
shut off immediately after the door is closed.
76
Lights
Map lamps (if equipped)
The map lamps are located on the
overhead console and the side roof
panels. Press the lamp lens to
activate the lamps.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
It is a good idea to check the operation of the following lights frequently:
• Headlamps
• Turn signals
• Cornering lamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Using the right bulbs
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs
must be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an
“E” for Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern
and safe visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly
or void the lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn
time.
77
Lights
Function
Parking lamps (front)
Headlamps
License plate lamps
High mount brakelamps
Backup lamps
Brakelamps
Cornering lamps
Side marker lamps
Cargo liftgate lamp
Dome lamps
Turn signal lamps (front)
Number of
bulbs
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
Trade number
3157
9007
194
912
3156
3157
3157
194
211-2
211-2
3157 AK
(amber)
Turn signal lamps (rear)
2
3156
Tail Lamps
2
3157
Personal reading lamps
2
578
Stepwell lamps
4
194
Glove compartment
1
194
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
78
Lights
Replacing headlamp bulbs
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position, then open the hood.
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
3. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) to free it
from the bulb socket, and slide the
ring off the plastic base. Keep the
ring to retain the new bulb.
4. Without turning, remove the old
bulb from its socket by gently
pulling it straight back out of the
lamp assembly.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
79
Lights
1. With the flat side of the new bulb’s plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the lamp assembly. Turn the bulb left or
right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in the lamp
assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the lamp
assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it snaps, locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
Replacing front cornering/side marker lamp bulbs
1. Remove screw from the lamp
assembly.
2. Disengage lamp assembly (it has
a snap fit).
3. Remove bulb socket by turning it
counterclockwise about 1⁄4 turn,
then slide it out of the lamp
assembly.
4. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
the socket and push in the new
bulb.
5. To complete installation, follow
removal procedure in the reverse
order.
80
Lights
Replacing front turn signal lamp bulbs
1. Remove bulb socket by turning it
counterclockwise, then slide it out
of the lamp assembly.
2. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
the socket and push in the new
bulb.
3. To complete installation, follow
removal procedure in the reverse
order.
Replacing high-mount brakelamp bulbs
1. Remove the two screws and lamp
assembly from vehicle.
2. Remove the bulb by rotating
socket counterclockwise and pulling
it out of the lamp assembly.
3. Pull bulb straight out of socket
and push in the new bulb.
4. To complete installation, follow
removal procedure in the reverse
order.
81
Lights
Replacing tail lamp/backup/turn signal lamp bulbs
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the two screws from the
lamp assembly.
3. Carefully remove the lamp
assembly by pulling it rearward.
4. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
5. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
the socket and push in the new
bulb.
6. To complete installation, follow
removal procedure in the reverse
order.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
1. Remove two screws, grommets
and the license plate lamp assembly
from the liftgate.
2. Remove bulb socket by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull the bulb from the
socket and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the lamp assembly on
liftgate with two grommets, ensuring
the grommets are pushed all the
way in to the liftgate and secure
with two screws.
82
Driver Controls
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
Rear window wiper/washer controls
Press the wiper control to activate
the rear wiper. Press again to turn
off the wiper. The wiper operates at
a pre-set interval.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HAZARD
RR WASH
RR WIPER
RR DEFOG
SECURITY
83
Driver Controls
Press the washer control to activate
the rear washer. The wiper will
come on when the washer control is
pressed, if it is not already on.
HAZARD
RR WASH
RR WIPER
RR DEFOG
SECURITY
Windshield wiper blades
Check the wiper blades for wear at least twice a year or when they seem
less effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments
used by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
84
Driver Controls
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
Rear window wiper blade
Refer to Windshield wiper blades in this section for more information
on rear wiper blades.
TILT STEERING WHEEL
Push the tilt steering wheel lever
downward to move the steering
wheel up or down. Push the lever
upward to lock the steering wheel in
position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
85
Driver Controls
ILLUMINATED VISOR MIRROR
To turn on the visor mirror lamps,
lift the mirror cover.
OVERHEAD CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to
your option package.
Conversation mirror (if equipped)
The conversation mirror allows the
driver to view the rear seating area.
This does not replace the rear
view mirror.
Push up to access the conversation
mirror.
Pull down on the housing to lock it
in place. Adjust the mirror, as
needed, in any direction.
The rear view mirror may have to
be adjusted to its lower arm position
to prevent interference when the
conversation mirror is extended
down.
PULL
DOWN
TO LOCK
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs only. Do not hang
any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug.
Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered
by your warranty.
The power point is an additional power source for electrical accessories.
86
Driver Controls
There are two auxiliary power points:
• One is located on the instrument
panel.
DC
12V
• The second is located in the
drivers side 2nd row trim panel.
POWER WINDOWS
• Press and hold the switch to
open.
• Pull up and hold the switch to
close.
AUTO
L VENT R
87
Driver Controls
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The driver’s
window will open fully. Depress
again to stop window operation.
AUTO
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
To lock out all the window controls
except for the driver’s press the
control. Press the control again to
restore the window controls.
Accessory delay
With accessory delay, the window and moonroof switches may be used
for up to 15 minutes after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF
position or until either of the front doors are opened.
Power vent windows (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with
rear power vent windows which are
operated the same as the front
power windows.
AUTO
L VENT R
88
Driver Controls
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
The ignition must be in ACC or ON position to adjust the power side
view mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to
lock mirrors in place.
Heated outside mirrors
R
MIRRORS
L
R
MIRRORS
L
R
(if equipped)
Both mirrors are heated
automatically to remove ice, mist
and fog when the rear window
defrost is activated.
Do not remove ice from the
mirrors with a scraper or
attempt to readjust the mirror
glass if it is frozen in place.
These actions could cause
damage to the glass and mirrors.
89
Driver Controls
SPEED CONTROL
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
Do not shift the gearshift lever
into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
RES
ACCEL
ON
CANCEL
OFF
COAST
SET
Do not use the speed
control in heavy traffic or
on roads that are winding,
slippery, or unpaved.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF.
Once speed control is switched off,
the previously programmed set
speed will be erased.
RES
ACCEL
ON
CANCEL
OFF
COAST
SET
90
Driver Controls
To set a speed
• Press COAST/ SET. For speed
control to operate, the speed
control must be ON and the
vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
If you drive up or down a steep hill,
your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than
the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the
vehicle speed if it increases above the set speed on a downhill. If your
vehicle speed is faster than the set speed while driving on a downhill,
you may want to shift to the next lower gear or apply the brakes to
reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 12.2 km/h (8 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/ACCEL will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold RES/ACCEL.
Release the control when the
desired vehicle speed is reached
or
• Press and release RES/ACCEL to
operate the Tap-Up function.
Each press will increase the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release COAST/SET.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
91
Driver Controls
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold COAST/SET.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release COAST/SET to
operate the Tap-Down function.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press COAST/SET.
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
• Press CANCEL.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
92
Driver Controls
• Press OFF.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
RES
ACCEL
ON
CANCEL
OFF
COAST
SET
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/ACCEL. For
RES/ACCEL to operate, the
vehicle speed must be faster than
48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
ACCEL
ON
CANCEL
OFF
COAST
SET
Indicator light
• Standard analog instrument
CRUISE SET
cluster
The “CRUISE” light comes on when
the ON control is pressed.
The “SET” light comes on when either the COAST/SET or RES/ACCEL
controls are pressed. The “SET” light turns off when the cruise CANCEL
control is pressed or the brake is applied. Both the “CRUISE” and “SET”
lights turn off when the OFF control is pressed or the ignition is turned
to the OFF position.
• Optional electronic instrument
CRUISE
cluster
This light comes on when either the
COAST/SET or RES/ACCEL controls are pressed. It turns off when the
cruise CANCEL control is pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
93
Driver Controls
STEERING WHEEL CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)
These controls allow you to operate some audio control features.
Audio control features
In Radio mode:
• Press NEXT to select the next
preset station within the current
radio band.
In Tape mode:
• Press NEXT to listen to the next
selection on the tape.
In CD mode:
• Press NEXT to listen to the next
track on the disc.
In any mode:
• Press VOL up or down to adjust
the volume.
VOL
NEXT
VOL
VOL
NEXT
VOL
MOON ROOF (IF EQUIPPED)
To operate the moon roof:
• To open, press and hold the rear
portion of the control. This will
fully open the moon roof.
• To close, press and hold the front
portion of the control.
To operate the moon roof vent
position:
• To open, press and hold the front
portion of the control. This will
open the vent.
94
Driver Controls
• To close, press and hold the rear portion of the control.
If the battery is disconnected, discharged, or a new battery is installed,
the moon roof needs to be opened to the vent position to reset the moon
roof positions.
If you open and close the moon roof repeatedly, the moon roof motor
may overheat and shut down for 45 seconds while the motor cools.
Do not let children play with the moon roof. They may seriously
hurt themselves.
HOMELINK姞 UNIVERSAL TRANSCEIVER (IF EQUIPPED)
The HomeLink威 Universal Transceiver, located on the driver’s visor,
provides a convenient way to replace up to three hand-held transmitters
with a single built-in device. This feature will learn the radio frequency
codes of most current transmitters to operate garage doors, entry gate
operators, security systems, entry door locks, and home or office lighting.
When programming your HomeLink威 Universal Transceiver to a
garage door or gate, be sure that people and objects are out of
the way to prevent potential harm or damage.
Do not use the HomeLink威 Universal Transceiver with any garage door
opener that lacks safety stop and reverse features as required by U.S.
federal safety standards (this includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door which cannot detect
an object, signaling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current
U.S. federal safety standards. For more information, contact HomeLink威
at: www.homelink.com or 1–800–355–3515.
Retain the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as well as for
future programming procedures (i.e. new HomeLink威 equipped vehicle
purchase). It is also suggested that upon the sale of the vehicle, the
programmed Homelink威 Universal Transceiver buttons be erased for
security purposes, refer to Programming in this section.
95
Driver Controls
Programming
Do not program the HomeLink威 Universal Transceiver with the
vehicle parked in the garage.
Note: Your vehicle may require the ignition switch to be turned to the
ACC position for programming and/or operation of the HomeLink威. It is
also recommended that a new battery be placed in the hand-held
transmitter of the device being programmed to HomeLink威 for quicker
training and accurate transmission of the radio-frequency signal.
1. Press and hold the two outside
buttons releasing only when the red
light begins to flash after 20
seconds. Do not repeat step one to
program additional hand-held
transmitters to the remaining two
HomeLink威 buttons. This will erase
previously programmed hand-held
transmitter signals into HomeLink威.
2. Position the end of your
hand-held transmitter 2–8 cm (1–3 inches) away from the HomeLink威
Universal Transceiver surface (located on your visor) while keeping the
red light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold
both the HomeLink威 and hand-held
transmitter button. Do not release
the buttons until step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door
openers may require you to replace
step 3 with procedures noted in the
“Gate Operator and Canadian Programming” section for Canadian residents.
4. The red light will flash slowly and then rapidly. Release both buttons
when the red light flashes rapidly. (The rapid flashing light indicates
acceptance of the hand-held transmitters’ radio frequency signals.)
5. Press and hold the just-trained HomeLink威 button and observe the red
light. If the light is a constant red, programming is complete and your
device should activate when the HomeLink威 button is pressed and
released. Note: To program the remaining two HomeLink威 buttons,
begin with step 2 in the “Programming” section — do not repeat step 1.
If the red light blinks rapidly for two seconds and then turns to a
continuous red, proceed with steps 6 through 8 to complete
programming of a rolling code equipped device.
96
Driver Controls
6. At the garage door opener receiver (motor-head unit) in the garage,
locate the “learn” or “smart” button (usually near where the hanging
antenna wire is attached to the unit).
7. Press and release the “learn” or “smart” button. (The name and color
of the button may vary by manufacturer.)
Note: There are 30 seconds in which to initiate step eight.
8. Return to the vehicle and firmly press, hold for two seconds and
release the HomeLink威 button. Repeat the press/hold/release sequence
again, and, depending on the brand of the garage door opener (or other
rolling code equipped device), repeat this sequence a third time to
complete the programming.
HomeLink威 should now activate your rolling code equipped device. To
program additional HomeLink威 buttons begin with step 2 in the
“Programming” section. For questions or comments, please contact
HomeLink at www.homelink.com. or 1–800–355–3515.
Gate Operator & Canadian Programming
During programming, your
hand-held transmitter may
automatically stop transmitting —
not allowing enough time for
HomeLink威 to accept the signal
from the hand-held transmitter.
After completing steps 1 and 2
outlined in the “Programming”
section, replace step 3 with the following:
Note: If programming a garage door opener or gate operator, it is
advised to unplug the device during the “cycling” process to prevent
overheating.
• Continue to press and hold the HomeLink威 button (note step 3 in the
“Programming” section) while you press and release — every two
seconds (“cycle”) your hand-held transmitter until the frequency
signal has been accepted by the HomeLink威. The red indicator light
will flash slowly and then rapidly after HomeLink威 accepts the radio
frequency signal.
• Proceed with step 4 in the “Programming” section.
97
Driver Controls
Operating the HomeLink姞 Universal Transceiver
To operate, simply press and release
the appropriate HomeLink威 button.
Activation will now occur for the
trained product (garage door, gate
operator, security system, entry
door lock, or home or office lighting
etc.). For convenience, the
hand-held transmitter of the device
may also be used at any time. In the event that there are still
programming difficulties, contact Homelink威 at www.homelink.com.or
1–800–355–3515.
Rolling code programming
To train a garage door opener (or other rolling code equipped devices)
with the rolling code feature, follow these instructions after completing
the “Programming” in this section. (A second person may make the
following training procedures quicker & easier)
1. Locate the “learn” or “smart” button on the garage door motor
head unit. Exact location and color of the button may vary by product
brand. If there is difficulty locating the “learn” or “smart” button refer to
the device’s owner manual or contact Homelink威 at 1–800–355–3515 or
on the Internet at www.homelink.com.
2. Press and release the “learn” or “smart” button on the garage door
motor head unit.
Note: Following step 2, there are 30 seconds in which to initiate step 3.
3. Press and release the
programmed HomeLink威 button.
Press and release the HomeLink威
button a second time to complete
the training process. (Some garage
door openers may require this
procedure to be done a third time
to complete the training.)
The rolling code equipped device should now recognize the Homelink
signal and activate when the Homelink button is pressed. The remaining
two buttons may now be programmed if this has not previously been
done. Refer to the “Programming” in this section.
98
Driver Controls
Erasing HomeLink姞 buttons
To erase the three programmed
buttons (individual buttons cannot
be erased):
• Press and hold the two outer
HomeLink威 buttons until the red
indicator light begins to
flash-after 20 seconds. Release
both buttons. Do not hold for
longer that 30 seconds.
HomeLink威 is now in the train (or
learning) mode and can be programmed at any time beginning with step
2 in the “Programming” section.
Reprogramming a single HomeLink姞 button
To program a device to HomeLink威 using a HomeLink威 button previously
trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink威 button. Do NOT release the
button.
2. The red indicator light will begin to flash after 20 seconds. Without
releasing the HomeLink威 button, follow step 2 in the “Programming”
section.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink威 at www.homelink.com
or 1–800–355–3515.
ELECTRONIC MESSAGE CENTER (IF EQUIPPED)
The electronic message center only works when the ignition is in the ON
position.
The message center allows you to:
• display the outside temperature.
• change your gauges from English
˚F ˚C
to metric units.
MILES/GAL
L/100 km
MILES km
• monitor the instantaneous fuel
OUTSIDE TEMP
economy.
INST ECONOMY
AVG ECONOMY
• monitor the average fuel
TO EMPTY
economy.
• see how many kilometers/miles you can drive before running out of
fuel.
99
Driver Controls
You can select different features for the message center to display by
using the message center controls located to the left of the instrument
panel.
Selectable features
Select
Press this control to select the
following features:
RESET
ENG / MET
SELECT
•
•
•
•
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
AVG ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
TRIP / RST
OD / TRIP
˚F ˚C
MILES/GAL
L/100 km
MILES km
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
AVG ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
Reset
Press this control to reset the average fuel economy calculation.
Eng/met
Press this control to change your
RESET
ENG / MET
TRIP / RST
instrument cluster gauges from
English to metric. To switch the
SELECT
OD / TRIP
Electronic Automatic Temperature
Control (if equipped) display
between Fahrenheit and Celsius,
refer to Temperature conversion in this chapter.
Trip/rst
Press this control to reset the trip 1 and 2 odometer (which ever is
displayed).
Od/trip
Press this control to switch between the permanent odometer mileage
and the trip 1 and 2 odometer mileage.
100
Driver Controls
Message center functions
Outside temp
Press SELECT until the menu
displays OUTSIDE TEMP. This will
display the temperature of the air
outside of your vehicle. The
accurate temperature will be
displayed after the vehicle has
reached the outside temperature
and is driven at speeds of 48 km/h
(30 mph) or greater.
˚F ˚C
MILES/GAL
L/100 km
MILES km
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
AVG ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
Inst economy
Press SELECT until the menu
displays INST ECONOMY. This will
display your fuel economy in
˚F ˚C
MILES/GAL
liters/100 km or miles/gallon based
L/100 km
MILES km
on the type of traffic you are in.
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
Your vehicle must be moving to
AVG ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
calculate instantaneous fuel
economy. When your vehicle is not
moving, this function shows 99 L/100km or 0 MILES/GAL. Instantaneous
fuel economy cannot be reset.
Avg economy
Press SELECT until the menu
displays AVG ECONOMY. This will
display your average fuel economy
˚F ˚C
MILES/GAL
in liters/100 km or miles/gallon.
L/100 km
MILES km
OUTSIDE
TEMP
If you calculate your average fuel
INST ECONOMY
economy by dividing liters of fuel
AVG ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
used by 100 kilometers traveled
(miles traveled by gallons used),
your figure may be different than displayed for the following reasons:
• your vehicle was not perfectly level during fill-up
• differences in the automatic shut-off points on the fuel pumps at
service stations
• rounding of the displayed values to the nearest 0.1 liter (gallon)
101
Driver Controls
Checking your highway fuel economy using the electronic
message center display
Use the following procedure will allow you to accurately monitor your
actual highway fuel economy. This procedure requires the vehicle speed
control system to be set to highway speeds and must be run only on
suitable roadways where long distance speed control can be safely
maintained.
You may notice gradual improvement in fuel economy over the course of
your vehicle’s break-in period (approximately 1 600 kilometers [1 000
miles]).
1. Set the speed control. Refer to Speed control in this chapter.
2. Select AVG ECONOMY.
3. Press the RESET control to clear
the system memory.
RESET
ENG / MET
TRIP / RST
• Actual highway fuel economy is
now displayed. This current
SELECT
OD / TRIP
average measure will change as
the speed control system changes
the engine speed to maintain a
constant vehicle speed. This is most noticeable in hilly environments.
4. Drive the vehicle at least 8 km (5 miles) with the speed control
system engaged to display a stabilized average.
5. Record the highway fuel economy for future reference.
It is important to press the RESET control after setting the speed
control to get accurate highway fuel economy readings.
To empty
Press SELECT until the menu
displays TO EMPTY. This will
˚F ˚C
display how many kilometers or
MILES/GAL
L/100 km
miles you can drive until you run
MILES km
out of fuel.
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
To ensure accuracy, turn the
AVG ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
ignition off when you fill the fuel
tank.
When the engine is restarted, the message center will display the last
setting selected.
102
Driver Controls
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post. Make sure that the
mat does not interfere with the
operation of the accelerator or the
brake pedal. To remove the floor
mat, reverse the installation
procedure.
CENTER CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of console features. These
include:
• Utility compartment
• Cupholders
• Autovision威 Entertainment System (if equipped)
Autovision姞 Entertainment System (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with an Autovision Entertainment System.
This system offers the rear passengers a VHS video cassette player, a
6.4” LCD video screen, video game inputs and is integrated into the
vehicle audio system. Refer to the Autovision Entertainment System User
Manual for operating instructions or call 1-877–848–6434 for product
assistance.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
D (Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts from third to fourth
gear.
103
Driver Controls
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE
OFF/ON
the gearshift lever. The O/D OFF
indicator light will illuminate. The
transaxle will operate in all gears
except overdrive.
To return to normal overdrive mode, press the Transmission Control
Switch again. The O/D OFF indicator light will no longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transaxle will
automatically return to normal D (Overdrive) mode.
For additional information about the gearshift lever and the transmission
control switch operation refer to the Automatic Transaxle Operation
section of the Driving chapter.
LIFTGATE
To open the liftgate window (if
equipped), insert key into lock and
turn clockwise. The window
unlatches and the wiper moves out
of the way.
To open the liftgate, insert key into
lock and turn counterclockwise. Pull
back and upward on liftgate handle
to fully open liftgate.
• The auto-rise feature automatically raises the liftgate or window (if
equipped). In cold weather you may have to assist opening the liftgate
or window since the auto-rise feature may slow down.
• Do not open the liftgate or liftgate window in a garage or other
enclosed area with a low ceiling. If the liftgate window is raised and
the liftgate is also opened, both liftgate and window could be damaged
against a low ceiling.
• The liftgate can be locked by turning the key clockwise in between
the upright key position and the liftgate window (if equipped) key
position. Do not turn the key fully clockwise unless you wish to open
the liftgate window (if equipped).
Make sure that the liftgate door and/or window are closed to
prevent exhaust fumes from being drawn into the vehicle. This
will also prevent passengers and cargo from falling out. If you must
drive with the liftgate door or window open, keep the vents open so
outside air comes into the vehicle.
104
Driver Controls
Cargo Area Features
Rear Cargo net
The cargo net helps stabilize lightweight objects in the cargo area.
Attach the net to the anchors provided. The cargo restrained in the net
must not exceed 22 kg (50 lbs.) or the net may not stay secured.
The front and/or rear cargo nets are not designed to restrain
objects during a collision or heavy braking.
105
Driver Controls
Front Cargo net (if equipped)
The front cargo net can be used to
hold small items between the front
seats. To install the net, secure the
hooks into the retainers located on
the inboard base of the front seats.
LOC
Parcel Shelf (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
14 kg (30 lbs.) maximum capacity
parcel shelf located behind the rear
seat of your vehicle which can be
positioned to three different heights.
To remove the shelf:
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Disconnect the net loop from the
retainer underneath the shelf to
access the lock knob.
3. Turn the lock knob
counterclockwise and slide the knob
K
to the UNLATCH position.
4. Remove the shelf from the
vehicle.
To install the shelf:
1. Position and slide the shelf into the
right mounting bracket; then align the
shelf into the left mounting bracket.
2. Slide the lock knob to the LATCH position and tighten the lock knob
clockwise.
3. Connect the net loop to the retainer underneath the shelf and close
the liftgate.
To secure objects on the shelf:
1. Disconnect the net loops from the retainers underneath the shelf.
2. Place the objects underneath the net and secure the net loops to the
retainers underneath the shelf.
106
Driver Controls
All objects loaded on the cargo shelf MUST BE SECURED UNDER THE
CARGO NET. The net is permanently attached to the cargo shelf.
Do not load more than 14 kg (30 lbs.) on the parcel shelf.
Do not load the parcel shelf through the liftgate glass. You MUST
open the entire rear liftgate to gain access to the rear net
retainers under the shelf.
Make sure the rear seat back is in the rearmost/upright position
when parcel shelf is loaded.
Do not load any objects on the parcel shelf that may obstruct
your vision or strike occupants of the vehicle in the case of a
sudden stop or collision.
Failure to secure cargo under the cargo net will increase the risk
of the cargo striking occupants in the case of a sudden stop or
collision.
To properly use child safety tethers in the 3rd row seat position,
REMOVE THE PARCEL SHELF and tether child safety seat to
the tether anchor located on the floor behind the 3rd row seat.
Do not place people or pets on or under the parcel shelf.
LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)
The front and rear cross-bar can be adjusted to fit the item being
carried. Do not load more than 44 kg (100 lbs.) on the luggage rack.
To adjust cross-bar position:
1. Loosen the thumbwheel at both
ends of the cross-bar.
2. Slide the cross-bar to the desired
location.
3. Tighten the thumbwheel at both
ends of the cross-bar.
Use adjustable tie down loops to secure the load.
107
Locks and Security
KEYS
The key operates all locks on your vehicle. In case of loss, replacement
keys are available from your dealer.
You should always carry a second key with you in a safe place in case
you require it in an emergency.
POWER DOOR LOCKS
Push control forward to unlock all
doors and pull backward to lock all
doors.
UNLOCK
Anti-lockout
This feature prevents the front doors from being locked while the key is
in the ignition and the driver’s door is open. Remove the key from the
ignition before exiting the vehicle.
Central locking
When unlocking the front doors with the key, turn the key once toward
the rear of the vehicle to unlock that door only. Turn the key back to the
original position and then to the rear a second time to unlock all doors.
When locking, turn the key toward the front of the vehicle to lock all
doors.
Childproof door locks
When these locks are set, the rear doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be opened from the outside when the doors
are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on front edge of each sliding rear door
and must be set separately for each door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock for both doors.
108
Locks and Security
Pull lock control out to engage the
lock. Push control in to disengage
childproof locks.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
The remote entry system allows you to:
• lock or unlock all vehicle doors without a key.
• activate the panic alarm.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL remote entry transmitters are brought to the dealership,
to aid in troubleshooting.
109
Locks and Security
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate and the parking and tail
lamps will flash once.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, the horn will chirp and the
lamps will flash. The horn chirp
feature can be turned on/off by
holding the LOCK and UNLOCK
controls on the transmitter
simultaneously for two seconds. The
hazard lights will flash three times
each time the system is toggled
between active and non-active modes.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn will not chirp and the lights will not
flash.
Sounding a panic alarm
To activate the alarm, press and
hold the PANIC control for longer
than 1.5 seconds. The horn will
sound and the headlamps and tail
lights will flash for thirty (30)
seconds.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
LOCK or UNLOCK or hold the
PANIC control down for longer than
1.5 seconds.
110
Locks and Security
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery.
Typical operating range will allow you to be up to 10 meters (33 feet)
away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating range can be caused by:
• Weather conditions
• Nearby radio towers
• Structures around the vehicle
• Other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery up. Refer to the diagram
inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacing lost transmitters
• Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your dealer if
service is required.
• If you purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed into memory),
perform the following procedure.
With all doors closed and locked, insert and remove the key from the
ignition six times within ten seconds. The park lamps will flash twice to
confirm the programming mode has been entered.
111
Locks and Security
Re-insert the key and turn to the ON position. Press any control on the
first transmitter. The park lamps will flash twice to confirm the
programming.
To program additional (up to four) transmitters yourself, perform the
following procedure.
• Unlock, then lock the driver’s door using the power door lock switch.
• Press any control on the next transmitter to be programmed. The park
lamps will flash twice to confirm the acceptance of registration.
Repeat this step for additional transmitters.
When programming is complete, open the driver’s door. The park lamps
will flash twice to confirm the end of programming.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the panic alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 15 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the RUN position.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the headlamp control, or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps after 30 minutes if the
front door is left open or after 60 minutes if the liftgate is left open.
ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
When armed, the anti-theft system will help prevent your vehicle from
unauthorized entry.
If there is any potential perimeter anti-theft problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL remote entry transmitters are brought to the dealership,
to aid in troubleshooting.
112
Locks and Security
Arming the system
When unauthorized entry occurs, the system will flash headlamp lamps,
tail lamps and the security indicator lamp, chirp the horn and disable the
starting system.
The system is ready to arm whenever the key is removed from the
ignition. Any of the following actions will prearm the alarm system:
• Lock the doors with the remote
transmitter (doors opened or
closed). The horn will chirp (if all
doors are closed) to confirm that
the control was pressed. The
horn chirp feature can be turned
on/off by holding the LOCK and
UNLOCK controls on the
transmitter simultaneously for
two seconds. The hazard lights
will flash three times each time
the system is toggled between active and non-active modes.
• Open a door and press the power door lock control to lock the doors.
If a door is open, the system is
prearmed and is waiting for the door
HAZARD
to close. Once all the doors are
closed, the security indicator lamp
on the instrument panel will
illuminate continuously when the
RR WIPER
RR WASH
system is prearmed.
The system will arm in 30 seconds
and the security indicator lamp will
RR DEFOG
begin to flash.
SECURITY
113
Locks and Security
Disarming the anti-theft system
Disarming an untriggered anti-theft system
You can disarm the system by any of the following actions:
• Unlock the doors by using your
remote entry transmitter.
• Unlock the doors with a key. Turn
the key full travel (toward the
rear of the vehicle) to make sure
the alarm disarms.
• Turn ignition to ACC or ON.
Triggering the anti-theft system
The armed system will be triggered if:
• Any door or liftgate is opened without using the door key or the
remote entry transmitter. (if the vehicle is armed while in side the
vehicle, inserting the key into the ignition will also trigger system.)
Disarming a triggered anti-theft system
You can disarm the system by any of
the following actions:
• Press the unlock control using
your remote entry transmitter.
• Unlock the doors with a key.
114
Seating and Safety Restraints
SEATING
Adjustable head restraints (if equipped)
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can be moved
up and down.
Push side control and push down on
head restraint to lower it.
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of
injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.
115
Seating and Safety Restraints
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under the
seat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the
event of a collision.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
116
Seating and Safety Restraints
Using the manual lumbar support (if equipped)
The lumbar control is located on the
inboard side of the driver’s seat.
Move the control up or down to
adjust lumbar support.
Adjusting the power seats (if equipped)
The power seat controls are located on the outboard side of the seat.
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under the
seat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the
event of a collision.
Move the control up or down to move the seat up and down.
• 6 way (driver seat)
Slide the control forward or backward to move the seat forward or
backward.
117
Seating and Safety Restraints
• 6 way (driver seat)
• 4 way (passenger seat)
Rotate the vertical control to adjust
the seatback.
Memory seats and mirrors (if equipped)
Some vehicles may only have the
memory feature available for the
seats.
The memory seat control is located
1
on the driver’s door panel. The
MEMORY
control operates with the ignition in
SEAT
the OFF position or the ignition is in
the ON position and the vehicle is in
2
P (Park) or N (Neutral).
The two buttons provide three
memory positions, one individual position for each button and a third
position obtained by pressing buttons 1 and 2 simultaneously.
Position three (pressing 1 and 2 simultaneously) is always full rearward
and downward for exit mode, but is not programmable.
To record the memory positions:
1. Move the seat and mirror to the desired position using the manual
controls.
118
Seating and Safety Restraints
2. Press button 1 or 2 and hold for at least two seconds. The indicator
light will stay on until the position is programmed. When the position has
been programmed, the indicator light will flash three times. Repeat
procedure for second position.
To record a remote entry transmitter:
1. Program a desired position to a memory switch as indicated above.
2. Press and hold the desired memory position button. Within ten
seconds, press the unlock button on the transmitter while the memory
button is pressed.
3. When the transmitter has been programmed, the indicator will flash
five times. The indicator light will remain illuminated until the memory
button is pressed again or ten seconds lapse.
To remove a programmed seat position:
1. Press and hold both memory seat buttons 1 and 2 and then press the
unlock button on the remote entry transmitter.
REAR SEATS
Removable floor mats
Whenever the floor mats are removed to adjust or move any of the rear
seats, always reinstall the mats before passengers ride in the vehicle. The
floor mats are specifically designed to keep objects out of the seat
tracks.
• 7 passenger vehicle
A. Cargo mat (if equipped)
B. Narrow mats
C. Sliding door mats, LH/RH
A
B
C
119
Seating and Safety Restraints
• 4 passenger vehicle (with third row seat in storage position)
A. Cargo mat (if equipped)
B. Narrow mats
C. Sliding door mats, LH/RH
A
B
C
B
• 5 passenger vehicle (second row seats removed)
A. Cargo mat (if equipped)
B. Narrow mats
C. Sliding door mats, LH/RH
B
A
B
C
• 5 passenger vehicle (second row seats removed and third row bench
seat moved forward to limousine seating position)
A. Cargo mat (if equipped)
120
Seating and Safety Restraints
B. Narrow mats
B
A
• Two passenger vehicle (second row seats removed and third row seat
stored in full forward position — if equipped with Rear Seat
Entertainment System, the third row seat cannot be put into this
position.)
A. Cargo mat (if equipped)
B. Narrow mats
A
B
121
Seating and Safety Restraints
Stowed cupholders
The vehicle is equipped with cupholders that pull out from the 2nd row
seat:
• Bench seat - below center of the seat cushion
• Bucket seat (driver’s side only) inboard side of seat base
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
Adjusting 2nd row bench
Pull control up to flip seatback to
forward flat position.
122
Seating and Safety Restraints
2nd row bucket seats (if equipped)
• Adjusting the left side bucket seat
Pull control up to recline the
seatback or fold the seatback flat.
• Adjusting the right side (E-Z Entry Tip Slide) bucket seat
The E-Z Entry Tip Slide seat allows for easier entry and exit to and from
the 3rd row seat. The E-Z Entry system will slide the seat and tip the
seatback forward (the seatback must be in the upright position).
To enter the 3rd row seat, pull up
on the seatback recline handle.
123
Seating and Safety Restraints
To exit the third row seat, pull up
on the 3rd row access control.
To return the seat to a seating position, move the seat rearward until the
seat track locks. Then readjust the seatback.
Lift handle to move the seat forward
or backward.
124
Seating and Safety Restraints
Pull control up to flip seatback to a
forward flat position.
Adjusting 3rd row bench
Pull control up to adjust seatback
position.
This control will also allow the
seatback to be put in the forward
flat position.
125
Seating and Safety Restraints
A
C
B
The entire seat can be moved to four seating positions and two storage
positions.
Before rearranging the seats, remove any floor mats that might be in the
way, see Removable floor mats in this chapter for instructions on
placement of floor mats.
For vehicles equipped with a second row bench seat: If the three
passenger bench seat is moved up to the second row position, the
outside passenger (opposite the driver) should fasten the
standard lap/shoulder belt. The secondary seat belt tongue is not
fastened to the outside bottom of the seat (as does the two
passenger bench seat). This is not required with the three
passenger bench seat since the seat is much wider.
The seat tracks may have grease on them that could stain your clothing
or vehicle fabric surfaces if care is not taken when handling the seats.
A. Three rearward seating positions
B. Limousine seating position (3rd row seat with 2nd row seat removed)
C. Two storage positions (If equipped with a Rear Seat Entertainment
System, the second row seat cannot be locked in the forward most
position.)
126
Seating and Safety Restraints
To move the seat to another seating or storage position:
1. Lift control (A) to release the
seat cushion and flip the cushion
up. The seat cushion must be
moved to the storage position before
the seat can be moved along the
track.
A
2. Pull control (B) to move the seat
forward or backward until it locks
into position. The seat cushion
cannot be lowered if the seat is in a
storage position.
B
127
Seating and Safety Restraints
After sliding the seat, check to ensure that both sides of the seat are
locked in position. This must be done before the vehicle is put into
motion in order to prevent unintended movement of the seat.
Every time you adjust any seat, check to be sure that it is
properly latched in the lock position of both seat tracks. If the
seat is not properly latched, it could come loose and increase the risk
of severe injury or death in an accident.
The 3rd row bench seat is not removable.
To remove the 2nd row seat(s):
Use the following instructions for
both bench and bucket seats.
The seat tracks may have grease on
them that could stain your clothing
or vehicle fabric surfaces if care is
not taken when handling the seats.
Fold the seatback flat before
removing each seat. Refer to the
Adjusting 2nd row seats portion of
this section.
1. (Bench seats only) Disengage the lap/shoulder belt from the seat belt
detach anchor by pushing the release control and lifting upward.
2. From behind the seat, pull up on
the release straps located on each
side of the seat, releasing the rear
floor latches.
3. Lift up the back of the seat to clear the floor latches and then pull the
seat rearward until the front hooks have come out of the floor anchors.
4. Remove the seat. Two people should lift and rotate the seat and
remove it from vehicle.
128
Seating and Safety Restraints
To install the seat:
The bucket seats are not interchangeable due to the locations of the seat
anchors on the floor of the vehicle. Each seat must be installed in its
original position.
1. Position the seat in the vehicle.
2. Align seat front hooks to front anchors and push forward into place,
lower back of seat into the rear anchors until both rear latches fully
engage into place. Be sure that the seat is locked in place both front and
back.
3. (Bench seats only) Make sure the safety belt is not twisted, then
insert the seat belt tongue into detachable anchor until you hear a “click”
and feel the latch engage.
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
129
Seating and Safety Restraints
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a safety belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)
Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside shoulder.
3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
130
Seating and Safety Restraints
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Any time a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
131
Seating and Safety Restraints
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Ford Motor Company recommends that all safety belt assemblies
and attaching hardware should be inspected by a qualified
technician after any collision. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a
collision should also be inspected and replaced if either damage or
improper operation is noted.
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
After any vehicle collision, the front passenger and rear outboard
seat belt systems must be checked by a qualified technician to
verify that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is
still functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked
for proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
132
Seating and Safety Restraints
Safety belt pretensioner
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belt pretensioners at the driver and
front outboard passenger seating positions.
The safety belt pretensioners are designed to activate only when the
safety belts are fastened during certain frontal or near-frontal collisions.
A safety belt pretensioner tightens the webbing of the lap and shoulder
belts during a crash so that they fit more snugly.
The driver and front outboard passenger safety belt system (including
retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be replaced if the vehicle
is involved in a collision that activates the safety belt pretensioners.
Refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in this chapter.
Failure to replace the safety belt assembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries in the event of
a collision.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
adjuster down. To raise the height
of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjuster to make sure it is locked in
place.
Position the safety belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
133
Seating and Safety Restraints
Lap belts
Adjusting the center lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belt should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not across the waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
134
Seating and Safety Restraints
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates until safety belt is buckled.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The safety belt warning light and
indicator chime remain off.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt is too short when fully extended, there is a 20 cm (8
inch) safety belt extension assembly that can be added (part number
611C22). This assembly can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended.
Do not use extensions to change the fit of the shoulder belt across the
torso.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, tears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), LATCH child safety seat tether anchors and lower anchors,
135
Seating and Safety Restraints
and attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted. The front seat safety belt
assemblies must be replaced if the pretensioners have been activated.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the Cleaning
chapter.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
3
AUTO
1
OFF
AUTO
2
4
40
5
6
7
20
50 60
60
30
2
1
0
40
80
100
70
120
140
F
80
90
N
O
R
M
A
L
1/2
E
IVE
RDR
OVE OFF/ON
H
C
TEMP
FUEL
HAZARD
0 0
0 0
RR WASH
RR WIPER
RR DEFOG
PUSH INTERIOR
SECURI
RES
ACCEL
CANCEL
COAST
SET
TY
VOL
NEXT
VOL
CRUISE
ON
OFF
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
CLK
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
CD
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
CD
REW
CD
1
2
1
TAPE
AMS
SIDE 1 - 2
EJ
DISCS
3
4
FF
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
OFF
2
3
MAX
A/C
4
OFF REAR 1
2
3
4
A/C
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford Motor Company in servicing
the vehicle and in helping to better understand real world collisions and
further improve the safety of future vehicles.
136
Seating and Safety Restraints
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
137
Seating and Safety Restraints
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag
supplemental restraint systems or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Modifications to the front end of the vehicle, including frame,
bumper, front end body structure and tow hooks may affect the
performance of the air bag sensors increasing the risk of injury. Do not
modify the front end of the vehicle.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
138
Seating and Safety Restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
139
Seating and Safety Restraints
If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not function
again and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster to indicate the
condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in the
Instrument cluster chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is not
required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
AIR
flash or stay lit.
BAG
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles (including
pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
140
Seating and Safety Restraints
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air bag supplemental restraint system
(SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear
seat of your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer
when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front
seating positions.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
141
Seating and Safety Restraints
Child booster seats
Children outgrow a typical convertible or toddler seat when they weigh
40 pounds and are around 4 years of age. Although the lap/shoulder belt
will provide some protection, these children are still too small for
lap/shoulder belts to fit properly, which could increase the risk of serious
injury.
To improve the fit of both the lap and shoulder belt on children who
have outgrown child safety seats, Ford Motor Company recommends use
of a belt-positioning booster.
Booster seats position a child so that safety belts fit better. They lift the
child up so that the lap belt rests low across the hips and the knees
bend comfortably. Booster seats also make the shoulder belt fit better
and more comfortably for growing children.
When children should use booster seats
Children need to use booster seats from the time they outgrow the
toddler seat until they are big enough for the vehicle seat and
lap/shoulder belt to fit properly. Generally this is when they weigh about
80 lbs (about 8 to 12 years old).
Booster seats should be used until you can answer YES to ALL of these
questions:
• Can the child sit all the way back
against the vehicle seat back with
knees bent comfortably at the
edge of the seat without
slouching?
• Does the lap belt rest low across the hips?
• Is the shoulder belt centered on the shoulder and chest?
• Can the child stay seated like this for the whole trip?
142
Seating and Safety Restraints
Types of booster seats
There are two types of belt-positioning booster seats:
• Those that are backless.
If your backless booster seat has a
removable shield, remove the
shield and use the lap/shoulder
belt. If a seating position has a
low seat back and no head
restraint, a backless booster seat
may place your child’s head (top
of ear level) above the top of the
seat. In this case, move the
backless booster to another
seating position with a higher seat back and lap/shoulder belts.
• Those with a high back.
If, with a backless booster seat,
you cannot find a seating position
that adequately supports your
child’s head, a high back booster
seat would be a better choice.
Both can be used in any vehicle in a seating position equipped with
lap/shoulder belts if your child is over 40 lbs.
The shoulder belt should cross the chest, resting snugly on the center of
the shoulder. The lap belt should rest low and snug across the hips,
never up high across the stomach.
If the booster seat slides on the vehicle seat, placing a rubberized mesh
sold as shelf or carpet liner under the booster seat may improve this
condition.
143
Seating and Safety Restraints
The importance of shoulder belts
Using a booster without a shoulder belt increases the risk of a child’s
head hitting a hard surface in a collision. For this reason, you should
never use a booster seat with a lap belt only. It is best to use a booster
seat with lap/shoulder belts in the back seat- the safest place for children
to ride.
Follow all instructions provided by the manufacturer of the
booster seat.
Never put the shoulder belt under a child’s arm or behind the
back because it eliminates the protection for the upper part of
the body and may increase the risk of injury or death in a collision.
Never use pillows, books, or towels to boost a child. They can
slide around and increase the likelihood of injury or death in a
collision.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
144
Seating and Safety Restraints
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent
accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
To properly use child safety tethers in the 3rd row seat position,
remove the parcel shelf and tether child safety seat to the tether
anchor located on the bottom back side of the 3rd row seat.
145
Seating and Safety Restraints
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place a
rear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the
way back.
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
146
Seating and Safety Restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
pulled out and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
147
Seating and Safety Restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place. To check
this, grab the seat at the belt path
and attempt to move it side to side
and forward and back. There should
be no more than one inch of
movement for proper installation.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Installing child safety seats in the lap belt seating positions
1. Lengthen the lap belt. To lengthen the belt, hold the tongue so that its
bottom is perpendicular to the direction of webbing while sliding the
tongue up the webbing.
2. Place the child safety seat in the center seating position.
3. Route the tongue and webbing through the child seat according to the
child seat manufacturer’s instructions.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle for the center seating
position until you hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened to the buckle by pulling on tongue.
148
Seating and Safety Restraints
5. Push down on the child seat while pulling on the loose end of the lap
belt webbing to tighten the belt.
6. Before placing the child into the child seat, forcibly tilt the child seat
from side to side and in forward direction to make sure that the seat is
securely held in place. To check this, grab the seat at the belt path and
attempt to move it side to side and forward and back. There should be
no more than one inch of movement for proper installation.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Children should be placed in the rear in an appropriate child
safety seat that is properly secured to the vehicle.
Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which
goes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether
straps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact
the manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering a
tether strap.
Tether strap anchors have been
provided in your vehicle. The left
side of the figure is the front of the
vehicle.
149
Seating and Safety Restraints
Second row seats
1. Position the child safety seat on the seat cushion.
2. Route the child safety seat tether
strap over the back of the seat,
under the head restraint, and
between the head restraint posts. If
the top of the child seat hits the
head restraint, try raising the head
restraint to allow the child seat to
fit further rearward.
3. Grasp the tether strap and
position it to the seat frame.
150
Seating and Safety Restraints
4. Rotate the tether strap.
5. Clip the tether strap to the seat
tether slot bracket at the lower rear
portion of the seatback.
If the tether strap is clipped
incorrectly (as shown) the child
safety seat may not be retained
properly in the event of a
collision.
151
Seating and Safety Restraints
6. Rotate the tether strap clip.
7. Refer to the instructions in this
section under Installing child
safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating
positions to secure the child safety
seat.
8. Tighten the child safety seat
tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
Third row seats
The third row seat child tether anchors are located on the bottom back
side of the seat. Refer to Second row seats listed previously for
installation instructions.
152
Seating and Safety Restraints
Attaching safety seats with LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for
CHildren) attachments for child seat anchors
Some child safety seats have two rigid or webbing mounted attachments
that connect to two anchors at certain seating positions in your vehicle.
This type of child seat eliminates the need to use seat belts to attach the
child seat. For forward-facing child seats, the tether strap must also be
attached to the proper tether anchor. See Attaching safety seats with
tether straps in this chapter.
Your vehicle has LATCH anchors for child seat installation at the seating
positions marked with the child seat symbol:
The anchors on both sides of the
center of seat are provided only for
child seats at the outboard seats,
and are further apart than the pairs
of lower anchors for child seat
installation at other seats. A child
seat with rigid LATCH attachments
cannot be installed at the center
seat. A child seat with LATCH
attachments on belt webbing can be
used at the center 3rd row seat
unless a child seat at an outboard
rear seat is attached to one of these
lower anchors. Install a child seat
onto the lower anchors at the center
rear seat ONLY IF the child restraint
manufacturer recommends that the child seat can be installed to anchors
that are spaced up to 400 mm (15 in) apart.
Never attach two LATCH child safety seats to the same anchor.
In a crash, one anchor may not be strong enough to hold two
child safety seat attachments and may break, causing serious injury or
death.
153
Seating and Safety Restraints
The lower anchors for child seat
installation are located at the rear
section of the rear seat between the
cushion and seat back. The LATCH
anchors are below the locator
symbols on the seat back.
Follow the child seat manufacturer’s instructions to properly install a
child seat with LATCH attachments.
Attach LATCH lower attachments of the child seat only to the
anchors shown.
If you install a child seat with rigid LATCH attachments, do not tighten
the tether strap enough to lift the child seat off the vehicle seat cushion
when the child is seated in it. Keep the tether strap just snug without
lifting the front of the child seat. Keeping the child seat just touching the
vehicle seat gives the best protection in a severe crash.
Each time you use the safety seat, check that the seat is properly
attached to the lower anchors and tether anchor. Try to tilt the child
seat from side to side. Also try to tug the seat forward. Check to see if
the anchors hold the seat in place.
If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a child
being injured in a crash greatly increases.
154
Driving
STARTING
Positions of the ignition
1. OFF/LOCK, shuts off the engine
3
and all accessories/locks the steering
wheel, gearshift lever and allows key
2
removal.
4
2. ACC, allows the electrical
accessories such as the radio to
operate while the engine is not
running.
1
3. ON, all electrical circuits
operational. Warning lights
illuminated. Key position when driving.
4. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
Preparing to start your vehicle
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
155
Driving
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs higher than normal in
order to warm the engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down
automatically, have the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle
for more than 10 minutes at the higher engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
PUSH
TO
RELEASE
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 3 (ON) without
turning the key to 4 (START).
If there is difficulty in turning the
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
when:
• front wheels are turned
• front wheel is against the curb
156
P
R N D 2 1
3
2
4
1
Driving
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
3
2
4
6
10
8
0
50 60
60
40
20
7
1
H
40
30
5
RPM x 1000
70
80 100
120
80
140
20
90
F
160
MPH
km/h
0
C
100
E
TRIP A
CRUISE
P
SET
CRUISE
5
6
7
8
F
2
˚F ˚C
MILES/BAL
L/100 km
OUTSIDE TEMP
INST ECONOMY
AVG. ECONOMY
TO EMPTY
4
3
R N D 2 1
H
1
0
X 1000 TRIP 1
TRIP 2
RPM
MPH
km/h
km
E
FUEL DOOR
AIR
BAG
!
P
BRAKE
P
R N D 2 1
N
O
R
M
A
L
1/2
C
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ABS
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
O/D
OFF
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate or illuminate briefly. If a
light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
light may not illuminate.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
Starting the engine
Note: Whenever you start your vehicle, release the key as soon as the
engine starts. Excessive cranking could damage the starter.
1. Turn the key to 4 (START)
3
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
2
engine starts. The key will return to
3 (ON).
4
2. If the temperature is above –12°C
(10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
1
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
157
Driving
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, Press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake, shift into gear and
drive.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by keeping all air inlet vents clear of snow,
leaves and other debris.
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
158
Driving
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
If you are driving down a long or steep hill, shift to a lower gear.
Do not apply your brakes continuously, as they may overheat
and become less effective.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check after you start
the engine and begin to drive away. A brief mechanical noise may be
heard during this test. This is normal. If a malfunction is found, the ABS
warning light will come on. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or
shudder in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
159
Driving
ABS warning lamp
ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
!
P
brake system is disabled and normal
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the four-wheel
ABS is required, apply continuous force on the brake. The four wheel
ABS will be activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient
space, will enable you to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a
controlled stop.
• The anti-lock system does not reduce stopping distance. Always leave
enough room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to
stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
PUSH
TO
RELEASE
160
Driving
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
!
P
BRAKE
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Push the pedal downward again to
release the parking brake. Driving
with the parking brake on will cause
the brakes to wear out quickly and
reduce fuel economy.
PUSH
TO
RELEASE
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to decrease the driver’s effort in steering the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with the power steering pump fluid level
below the MIN mark on the reservoir.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• Underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
161
Driving
• Uneven vehicle loading
• High crown in center of road
• High crosswinds
• Wheels out of alignment
• Loose or worn suspension components
AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to OFF/LOCK, then remove
the key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to ACC. Apply the brake pedal and shift to
N (Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and
remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.
162
Driving
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Understanding gearshift positions
Your automatic transaxle electronically controls the shift feel by using an
adaptive learning strategy. This feature is designed to optimize shift
smoothness. It is normal for your transaxle to shift firmly during the first
few hundred kilometers (miles) of operation until the adaptive strategy
has been learned. The adaptive learning strategy is maintained by power
from the battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is
installed, the transaxle must relearn its adaptive strategy. Optimal
shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers (miles) of
operation.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
P R N D 2 1
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This locks the transaxle and prevents the front
wheels from rotating.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and
remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
P R N D
backward. You should always come
to a complete stop before shifting into and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in the N
P
(Neutral) position, the vehicle can
be started and is free to roll. Hold
the brake pedal down while in this position.
2 1
R N D 2 1
163
Driving
Overdrive — column mounted gearshift with O/D off switch
The Overdrive position with the O/D
P R N D 2 1
OFF switch not depressed is the
normal driving position for this
automatic overdrive transaxle. When your vehicle cruises at a constant
speed for any length of time, this fourth gear will increase your fuel
economy.
Overdrive may not be appropriate
for certain terrains. If the transaxle
OVERDRIVE
OFF/ON
shifts back and forth between third
and fourth gears while you are
driving hilly roads or if your vehicle
requires additional power for climbing hills, press the O/D OFF switch.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transaxle will automatically return
to normal overdrive mode.
If your vehicle is on an extremely slippery surface, the Transaxle Control
Module may receive a signal indicating a rapid increase or decrease in
wheel speed. When the module detects this condition, it will limit the
transaxle operation to Third and Reverse gears. This reduces tire
slippage and protects the transaxle. The transaxle will operate normally
in Reverse, but will lack power during acceleration in Drive.
If this happens;
1. Stop your vehicle as soon as possible.
2. Turn the ignition off for three seconds.
3. Restart the vehicle.
If the condition still exists, contact your dealer as soon as possible.
If the O/D OFF indicator light is flashing on and off repeatedly when the
vehicle is started or does not come on when the O/D OFF control is
pressed, there may be a transaxle electronic system malfunction. You
should contact your dealer as soon as possible or damage to the
transaxle could occur.
164
Driving
When to use D (Drive) or press the O/D OFF switch
You will notice that there is only one
P R N D 2 1
drive position on your gearshift
indicator (instead of Drive and
Overdrive). However, you will find a
control labeled OVERDRIVE located
OVERDRIVE
OFF/ON
on the gearshift lever. Push in the
switch and the O/D OFF light in the
instrument cluster will illuminate.
With the O/D OFF light illuminated, the transaxle will operate in first,
second and third gears and will not shift into fourth gear. Operating in D
(O/D OFF) provides more engine braking than Overdrive for descending
hills or city driving.
To return the transaxle to the normal Overdrive operation, press the O/D
OFF control again. Use this control to select between Overdrive or D
(O/D OFF) whenever you drive your vehicle.
If the O/D OFF indicator light is flashing on and off repeatedly when the
vehicle is started or does not come on when the O/D OFF control is
pressed, theremay be a transaxle electronic system malfunction. You
should contact your dealer as soon as possible or damage to the
transaxle could occur.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to give you more
engine braking to slow your vehicle
on downgrades.
P
R N D 2 1
Do not go faster than 108 km/h (68 mph) when in this gear. You can
upshift from 2 (Second) to overdrive at any time.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) for when added engine
braking is desired when descending
steep hills.
P
R N D 2 1
The automatic transaxle will shift to the proper gear to ascend any grade
without any need to shift to 1 (First).
Do not go faster than 56 km/h (35 mph) when in this gear. You can
upshift from 1 (First) to overdrive at any time.
165
Driving
When parking, do not use the gearshift in place of the parking
brake. Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in Park (P). Turn off the ignition
whenever you leave your vehicle. Never leave your vehicle unattended
while it is running. If you do not take these precautions, your vehicle
may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
Driving with an automatic overdrive transaxle
Your automatic transaxle electronically controls the shift feel by using an
adaptive learning strategy. This feature is designed to optimize shift
smoothness.
Note: It is normal for your transaxle to shift firmly during the first few
hundred kilometers (miles) of operation until the adaptive strategy has
been learned. The adaptive learning strategy is maintained by power
from the battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is
installed, the transaxle must relearn its adaptive strategy. Optimal
shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers (miles) of
operation.
Your automatic overdrive transaxle
provides fully automatic operation in
OVERDRIVE
OFF/ON
either D (Overdrive) or with the
O/D OFF switch depressed. Driving
with the gearshift lever in D
(Overdrive) gives the best fuel economy for normal driving conditions.
For manual control, start in 1 (First) and then shift manually.
To put your vehicle in gear, start the
P R N D 2 1
engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P
(Park).
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs.
166
Driving
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transaxle is submerged
may allow water into the transaxle and cause internal damage.
Have the fluid checked and, if water is found, replace the fluid.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include occupants or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, occupants
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum permissible total
weight of the base vehicle, occupants, optional equipment and cargo.
The GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum permissible
combined weight of towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo)
and the loaded trailer.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including occupants and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
167
Driving
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve
capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of occupants or amount of cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the total axle reserve capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the total axle reserve capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of occupants, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and front and rear gross
axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these limitations
be exceeded.
Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result in
serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your vehicle type and whether it’s
equipped with a trailer tow option.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
168
Driving
TRAILER TOWING
The trailer towing table shows the maximum allowable maximum GCWR
and trailer weight.
Maximum GCWR - kg (lbs.)
3628 ( 8000)
Trailer weight range (0 maximum) - kg (lbs.)
0-1588 (0-3500)
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
The optional Trailer Tow Prep Package is recommended for towing of
any trailer since it provides a heavy duty battery, conventional size spare
tire and wiring.
Trailer towing puts additional loads on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires, and suspension. For your safety and to
maximize vehicle performance, be sure to use the proper equipment
while towing.
Follow these guidelines to ensure safe towing procedure:
• Stay within your vehicle’s load limits. If exceeded, cargo should be
removed from the trailer and/or the vehicle until all weights are within
specified limits.
• Thoroughly prepare your vehicle for towing. Refer to Preparing to
tow in this chapter.
• Use extra caution when driving while trailer towing. Refer to Driving
while you tow in this chapter.
• Service your vehicle more frequently if you tow a trailer. Refer to the
severe duty schedule in the scheduled maintenance guide.
• Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
• Refer to the instructions included with towing accessories for the
proper installation and adjustment specifications.
169
Driving
Trailer Tow Prep Package (if equipped)
The trailer tow prep package on your vehicle (if equipped) includes:
• Heavy duty battery
• Conventional size spare tire
• Trailer tow module and jumper harness
Using the jumper harness (if equipped)
• Remove the connector cap from the vehicle harness located behind
the rear bumper. Store the connector cap in the glove box for
reinstallation.
• Connect the tow harness to the vehicle harness located behind the
rear bumper.
• Connect the tow harness connector (SAE J1239) to your trailer.
• Confirm the proper vehicle and trailer stop/turn lamp operation.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
For towing trailers up to 907 kg (2 000 lb), use a weight carrying hitch
and ball which uniformly distributes the trailer tongue load through the
underbody structure. For towing trailers up to 1 588 kg (3 500 lb) use a
frame-mounted weight distributing hitch which transfers a portion of the
trailer tongue load to the front axle system.
Do not install a single or multi-clamp type bumper hitch, or a hitch
which attaches to the axle. Follow the towing instructions of a reputable
rental agency.
Whenever a trailer hitch and hardware are removed, make sure all
mounting holes in the underbody are properly sealed to prevent noxious
gases or water from entering.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle hitch. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
170
Driving
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are
safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• To eliminate excessive shifting, use a lower gear. This will also assist
in transaxle cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
• Do not exceed the GCWR rating or transaxle damage may occur.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for
more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to
get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.
171
Driving
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• If you are driving down a long or steep hill, shift to a lower gear. Do
not apply the brakes continuously, as they may overheat and become
less effective.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• To aid in engine/transmission cooling and A/C efficiency during hot
weather while stopped in traffic, place the gearshift lever in P (Park).
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
RECREATIONAL TOWING
Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to tow
your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind a
recreational vehicle).
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not
damaged due to insufficient lubrication.
All Front Wheel Drive (FWD) vehicles
An example of recreational towing is towing your vehicle behind a
motorhome. The following recreational towing guidelines are designed to
ensure that your transmission is not damaged. It is not recommended to
tow front wheel drive vehicles with the front drive wheels on the ground.
It is recommended to tow your vehicle with the drive wheels on a dolly
or two wheel car hauling trailer.
In case of a roadside emergency with a disabled vehicle (without access
to wheel dollies, car hauling trailer or flatbed transport vehicle) your
vehicle can be flat towed (all wheels on the ground) under the following
conditions:
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
172
Roadside Emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford Motor Company
offers a complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is
separate from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the New Vehicle Limited Warranty period of three years or 60,000 km
(36,000 miles), whichever occurs first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and
four years or 80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles.
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire.
• jump-starts.
• lock-out assistance.
• limited fuel delivery.
• towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest Ford Motor Company
dealership, or your selling dealer if within 56.3 km (35 miles) of the
nearest Ford Motor Company dealership (one tow per disablement).
Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting stuck in the
mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such as impound
towing or repossession).
Canadian customers refer to your Owner Information Guide for
information on:
• Coverage period
• Exact fuel amounts
• Towing of your disabled vehicle
• Emergency travel expense reimbursement
• Travel planning benefits
USING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, the card is
found in the Owner Information Guide in the glove compartment.
U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicle customers who require roadside assistance,
call 1–800–241–3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.
Canadian customers who require roadside assistance, call
1–800–665–2006.
173
Roadside Emergencies
If you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford Motor
Company will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain reimbursement
information, U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicles customers call
1-800-241-3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.
Canadian customers who need to obtain reimbursement information, call
1–800–665–2006.
ROADSIDE COVERAGE BEYOND BASIC WARRANTY
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, for uninterrupted Roadside Assistance coverage, you
may purchase extended coverage prior to your Basic Warranty’s Roadside
Assistance expiring. For more information and enrollment, contact
1–877–294–2582 or visit our website at www.ford.ca.
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on the instrument panel.
HAZARD
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
RR WASH
RR WIPER
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
RR DEFOG
SECURITY
FUEL
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH RESET
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated.
174
Roadside Emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the driver’s foot well,
behind the kick panel. The reset
button (RED) for the fuel pump
shut-off switch is accessible through
an opening in the kick panel.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the RUN position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
Note: Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.
175
Roadside Emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse link
maxi
cartridge
fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
For fuses greater than 80A, please see your Ford or Lincoln Mercury
Dealer.
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
176
Roadside Emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
Corner Lamps
Heated Seat
I/P Illum
Electron
Fuse Amp
Rating
10A
7.5A
7.5A
10A
Tail Lamp
Air Bag
Audio
10A
10A
10A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Front Exterior Lamps
Heated Seats (not available)
Interior Panel Illumination Lamps
Transaxle Control Module (TCM),
Electronic Automatic
Temperature Control (EATC)
Module, Instrument Cluster, Rear
Wiper Motor Assembly
Rear Exterior Lamps
Airbag Diagnostic Monitor
Radio, Rear Radio Control, CD
Changer
177
Roadside Emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
Eng Cont
Fuse Amp
Rating
10A
Room Lamp
Mirror
15A
7.5A
Stop Lamp
20A
Cigar Lighter
Hazard
20A
10A
RR Pwr Plug
Rear Blower
20A
15A
Front Wiper
Rear Blower
20A
15A
Rear Wiper
O2 Sensor
Audio/Video
Turn
Audio Amp
Front Blower
10A
7.5A
15A
10A
20A
20A
Eng Cont
7.5A
Relays
10A
A/C Cont
7.5A
178
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Powertrain Control Module,
Oxygen Sensors
Interior Lamps
Smart Entry Control (SEC),
Power Mirror Switch
Brake Pedal Position (BPP)
Switch, Trailer Tow Control Unit
Cigar Lighter
Hazard Warning Flasher Switch,
Anti-Theft Indicator
Rear Powerpoint
Rear Blower Motor Relay, Rear
Blower Motor
Front Wiper/Washer Assembly
Rear Blower Motor Relay, Rear
Blower Motor
Rear Wiper/Washer Assembly
Oxygen Sensor
Radio/Video System
Hazard Warning Flasher Switch
Subwoofer Amplifier
Front Blower Motor, Front Blower
Motor/Speed Controller
Powertrain Control Module,
Lighting Control Module
Speed Control, Instrument
Cluster, Rear Blower Motor, Data
Link Connector #2, Cooling Fans
Electronic Automatic
Temperature Control (EATC)
Module, A/C Relay, Front Climate
Control Panel
Roadside Emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
Electron
Fuse Amp
Rating
10A
Rear Defog
Front Blower
20A
20A
Rear Defog
—
Heated Mirror
20A
—
10A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Transmission Control, Lighting
Control Module, ABS Control
Module, Smart Entry Control
(SEC)/Timer Module
Rear Window Defrost
Front Blower Motor, Front Blower
Motor/Speed Controller
Rear Window Defrost
Not Used
Rear Window Defrost Switch,
Power/Heated Mirrors
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment.
The power distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
To reduce risk of electrical shock, always replace the cover to
the Power Distribution Box before reconnecting the battery or
refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and specifications chapter.
179
Roadside Emergencies
USE SPECIFIED FUSES OR FUSIBLE LINKS ONLY
ALT
15A
65A
FR
BLW
30A
PWR
WND
20A
7.5A
HORN ABS
SEC
40A
ABS
100A 140A
7.5A
FOG
LAMP
7.5A 15A
FUEL
RAD PUMP
MAIN ALT
45A 75A
RR RAD
DEF FAN
30A
IGN
SW
20A
RAD
FAN
LO
15A
H/L
LH
15A
H/L
RH
10A
10A
ALT ECCS
10A
INJ
FRONT
JOINT CONN.
RAD FAN
RAD FAN
RAD FAN
H1
H2
LO
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
Fog Lamp
FUEL PUMP
INJ
Fuse Amp
Rating
7.5A*
15A*
10A*
SEC
7.5A*
RAD
ECCS
7.5A*
10A*
—
—
ALT
ABS
—
—
10A*
20A*
180
Power Distribution Box
Description
Fog Lamps
Fuel Pump Relay
Powertrain Control Module
(PCM), Injectors
Anti-Theft Relay, Smart Entry
Control (SEC)/Timer Module
Radiator Fan Sensing
Data Link Connector (DLC) #1,
PCM Power Relay
Not Used
Not Used
Generator
ABS Control Module
Roadside Emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
—
H/L RH
HORN
—
H/L LH
—
—
ABS
—
PWR WND
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
15A*
15A*
—
15A*
—
—
40A**
—
30A**
RAD FAN LO
—
IGN SW
—
RAD FAN
FR BLW
RR DEF
ALT
20A**
—
30A**
—
75A**
65A**
45A**
140A**
MAIN
100A**
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
Power Distribution Box
Description
Not Used
Lighting Control Module
Horn Relay
Not Used
Lighting Control Module
Not Used
Not Used
ABS Control Module
Not Used
Power Window Relay, Smart Entry
Control (SEC)/Timer Module,
Power Seats
Low Speed Fan Control Relay
Not Used
Ignition Switch
Not Used
High Speed Fan Control Relay
Front Blower Motor Relays
Rear Window Defroster Relay
Accessory Relay, Ignition Relay,
Tail Lamp Relay, Fuse Junction
Panel
Generator
181
Roadside Emergencies
Relay box
The relay box is located in the
engine compartment in front of the
battery.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
The relays are coded as follows:
Relay location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
Start Inhibit Relay
Fuel Pump Relay
Bulb Check Relay
Fog Lamp
Anti-theft Relay
Horn Relay
A/C Relay
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
The use of tire sealants is not recommended and may compromise the
integrity of your tires. The use of tire sealants may also affect your tire
pressure monitoring system (if equipped).
182
Roadside Emergencies
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary or conventional size spare tire. The
temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller than
a regular tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace this tire
with a full-size tire as soon as possible.
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Certification Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Item
Spare tire
Jack assembly
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of
the rear bumper
Under the third row bench seat in
the tool bag
Removing the jack and tools
1. Lift the 3rd row seat cushion.
2. Remove the jack assembly from the bag under the seat.
183
Roadside Emergencies
Removing the spare tire
1. Open the liftgate, locate the U-shaped slits in the carpet, and flip up
the piece of carpet to expose the hex nut.
2. Insert the lug nut wrench on the
hex nut in cargo floor.
3. Turn the wrench
counterclockwise until tire is
lowered to the ground and the cable
is slightly slack.
4. Remove the retainer from the
spare tire. It may be necessary to
lift one end of the tire to disengage
the retainer.
Stowing the spare tire
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the interior side facing up.
184
Roadside Emergencies
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the wrench clockwise until
the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
hex nut ratchets when the tire is
raised to the stowed position. It will
not allow you to overtighten.
4. Check seating position of tire for
looseness against the underbody
supports and retighten if necessary.
Ensure the position of the
tire is not too far forward to
avoid contact with the axle.
Tire change procedure
When one of the front wheels is off the ground, the transaxle
alone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the
jack, even if the vehicle is in P (Park).
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
All occupants should be out of the vehicle while it is on the jack.
185
Roadside Emergencies
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set parking
brake.
PUSH
TO
RELEASE
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park),
turn engine OFF, and block the
diagonally opposite wheel.
3. Remove the spare tire and jack
assembly.
4. Remove the center ornament or
wheel cover from the wheel with the tapered end of the jack handle that
came with your vehicle. Insert and twist the handle, then pry against the
wheel.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
186
Roadside Emergencies
Jacking notches are located
approximately six inches rearward
of the front wheels and twelve
inches foward of the rear wheels.
6. Locate the jack notch closest to
the tire you are changing, then
place the jack on the frame rail
directly behind the notch.
7. Turn the jack handle clockwise
until the wheel is completely off the
ground.
To lessen the risk of personal injury, do not put any part of your
body under the vehicle while changing a tire. Do not start the
engine when your vehicle is on the jack. The jack is only meant for
changing the tire.
8. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
9. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub.
Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
10. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
11. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
12. Install wheel cover or center
3
4
ornament on wheel.
13. Put jack assembly away in the
proper location.
5
2
Store flat tire under the vehicle.
Refer to Stowing the spare tire in
this chapter.
187
Roadside Emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push-start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability; also, the
catalytic converter may become damaged.
Preparing your vehicle
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transmission must relearn its shift strategy. As a result, the transmission
may have firm and/or soft shifts. This operation is considered normal and
will not affect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
188
Roadside Emergencies
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
189
Roadside Emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker
covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
190
Roadside Emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
191
–
–
Roadside Emergencies
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
192
Roadside Emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
If your vehicle is to be towed from the rear using wheel lift equipment,
the front wheels (drive wheels) must be placed on a dolly to prevent
damage to the transmission.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company produces a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
193
Customer Assistance
GETTING THE SERVICES YOU NEED
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. It is preferred that you return to the Ford dealer
where your vehicle was purchased when warranty repairs are needed.
However, you may also take your vehicle to another Ford Motor
Company or Ford of Canada dealership authorized for warranty repairs.
Certain warranty repairs require special training though, so not all
dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs. That means that
depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle may need to be
taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not assist you,
then contact the Customer Relationship Center.
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Relationship Center.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
www.ford.com
194
Customer Assistance
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
www.ford.ca
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to help
you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
www.ford.com
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
www.ford.ca
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Relationship Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business).
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located.
• The year and make of your vehicle.
• The date of vehicle purchase.
• The current odometer reading.
• The vehicle identification number (VIN).
195
Customer Assistance
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
FORD EXTENDED SERVICE PLAN
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• Benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items).
• Protection against covered repair costs after your Bumper-to-Bumper
Warranty expires.
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage.
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options, or visit the Ford ESP website at
www.ford-esp.com.
196
Customer Assistance
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. ONLY)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes.
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles.
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance concerns as
on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln Mercury light
trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle
warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
197
Customer Assistance
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• Three consumer representatives
• A Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• The file number assigned to your application.
• The toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator.
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• Legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case.
• The year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license.
• The date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s).
• The current mileage.
• The name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle.
• A brief description of your unresolved concern.
• A brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company.
• The names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s).
• A description of the action you expect to resolve your concern.
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
198
Customer Assistance
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. An oral presentation
may be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Relationship Center
at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952
or by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
199
Customer Assistance
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM (CANADA
ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy alternative
to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a settlement
have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is designed to
eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces. For more
information, without charge or obligation, call your CAMVAP Provincial
Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer relationship office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
200
Customer Assistance
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio, contact Helm, Incorporated at:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
Or call:
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Helm, incorporated can also be reached by their website:
www.helminc.com.
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST
(Items in this catalog may be purchased by credit card holders only.)
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
IN CALIFORNIA (U.S. ONLY)
California Civil Code Section 1793.2(d) requires that, if a manufacturer
or its representative is unable to repair a motor vehicle to conform to the
vehicle’s applicable express warranty after a reasonable number of
attempts, the manufacturer shall be required to either replace the
vehicle with one substantially identical or repurchase the vehicle and
reimburse the buyer in an amount equal to the actual price paid or
payable by the consumer (less a reasonable allowance for consumer
use). The consumer has the right to choose whether to receive a refund
or replacement vehicle.
201
Customer Assistance
California Civil Code Section 1793.22(b) presumes that the manufacturer
has had a reasonable number of attempts to conform the vehicle to its
applicable express warranties if, within the first 18 months of ownership
of a new vehicle or the first 29 000 km (18 000 miles), whichever occurs
first:
1. Two or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity
likely to cause death or serious bodily injury OR
2. Four or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity (a
defect or condition that substantially impairs the use, value or safety of
the vehicle) OR
3. The vehicle is out of service for repair of nonconformities for a total of
more than 30 calendar days (not necessarily all at one time)
In the case of 1 or 2 above, the consumer must also notify the
manufacturer of the need for the repair of the nonconformity at the
following address:
Ford Motor Company
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
Mail Drop 3NE-B
Dearborn, MI 48126
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which could cause a crash
or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Ford Motor
Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (or 366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
202
Cleaning
WASHING THE EXTERIOR
Wash your vehicle regularly with cool or lukewarm water and a neutral
Ph shampoo, such as Detail Wash (ZC-3–A), which is available from your
dealer.
• Never use strong household detergents or soap, such as dish washing
or laundry liquid. These products can discolor and spot painted
surfaces.
• Never wash a vehicle that is “hot to the touch” or during exposure to
strong, direct sunlight.
• Always use a clean sponge or carwash mitt with plenty of water for
best results.
• Dry the vehicle with a chamois or soft terry cloth towel in order to
eliminate water spotting.
• It is especially important to wash the vehicle regularly during the
winter months, as dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and cause
damage to the vehicle.
• Immediately remove items such as gasoline, diesel fuel, bird droppings
and insect deposits because they can cause damage to the vehicle’s
paintwork and trim over time.
• Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a
car wash.
• Suntan lotions and insect repellents can damage any painted
surface; if these substances come in contact with your vehicle,
wash off as soon as possible.
WAXING
Applying a polymer paint sealant to your vehicle every six months will
assist in reducing minor scratches and paint damage.
• Wash the vehicle first.
• Do not use waxes that contain abrasives.
• Do not allow paint sealant to come in contact with any non-body
(low-gloss black) colored trim, such as grained door handles, roof
racks, bumpers, side moldings, mirror housings or the windshield cowl
area. The paint sealant will “gray” or stain the parts over time.
203
Cleaning
PAINT CHIPS
Your dealer has touch-up paint and sprays to match your vehicle’s color.
Take your color code (printed on a sticker in the driver’s door jam) to
your dealer to ensure you get the correct color.
• Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect deposits, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout before repairing paint chips.
• Always read the instructions before using the products.
ALUMINUM WHEELS AND COVERS
Aluminum wheel rims or covers are coated with a clearcoat paint finish.
In order to maintain their shine:
• Clean with Detail Wash (ZC-3–A), which is available from your dealer.
• Never apply any cleaning chemical to hot or warm wheel rims or
covers.
• Some automatic car washes may cause damage to the finish on your
wheel rims or covers. Chemical-strength cleaners, or cleaning
chemicals, in combination with brush agitation to remove brake dust
and dirt, could wear away the clearcoat finish over time.
• Do not use hydrofluoric acid-based or high caustic-based wheel
cleaners, steel wool, fuels or strong household detergent.
• To remove tar and grease, use Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil
Removal (B7A-19520–AA), available from your dealer.
ENGINE
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The
high-pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause
damage.
• Do not spray a hot engine with cold water to avoid cracking the
engine block or other engine components.
• Spray Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20) on all parts
that require cleaning and pressure rinse clean.
204
Cleaning
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
PLASTIC (NON-PAINTED) EXTERIOR PARTS
Use only approved products to clean plastic parts. These products are
available from your dealer.
• For routine cleaning, use Detail Wash (ZC-3–A).
• If tar or grease spots are present, use Ford Extra Strength Tar and
Road Oil Removal (B7A-19520–AA).
WOOD-TONE TRIM
• Clean the area with a damp cloth, then dry by wiping with a dry, soft,
clean cloth.
• Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the
finish.
205
Cleaning
WINDOWS AND WIPER BLADES
The windshield, rear window and wiper blades should be cleaned
regularly. If the wiper does not wipe properly, substances on the
windshield, rear window or the wiper blades may be the cause. These
may include hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes, tree
sap, or other organic contamination. To clean these items, please follow
these tips:
• The windshield or rear window may be cleaned with a non-abrasive
cleaner such as Motorcraft Ultra Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (ZC-23),
available from your dealer.
• Do not use abrasives, as they may cause scratches.
• Do not use fuel, kerosene, or paint thinner to clean any parts.
• Wiper blades can be cleaned with isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol or
windshield washer solution. Be sure to replace wiper blades when they
appear worn or do not function properly.
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CLUSTER LENS
Clean the instrument panel with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
• Avoid cleaners or polish that increase the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the
driver from undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
• Be certain to wash or wipe your hands clean if you have been in
contact with certain products such as insect repellent and suntan
lotion in order to avoid possible damage to the painted surfaces.
206
Cleaning
INTERIOR
For fabric, carpets, cloth seats and safety belts:
• Remove dust and loose dirt with a vacuum cleaner.
• Remove light stains and soil with Ford Extra Strength Upholstery
Cleaner (E8AZ-19523–AA).
• If grease or tar is present on the material, spot-clean the area first
with Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14).
• Never saturate the seat covers with cleaning solution.
• Do not use household cleaning products or glass cleaners, which can
stain and discolor the fabric and affect the flame retardant abilities of
the seat materials.
Do not use cleaning solvents, bleach or dye on the vehicle’s
seatbelts, as these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
LEATHER SEATS (IF EQUIPPED)
Your leather seating surfaces have a clear, protective coating over the
leather.
• To clean, use a soft cloth with Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl
Cleaner (ZC-11–A). Dry the area with a soft cloth.
• To help maintain its resiliency and color, use the Motorcraft Deluxe
Leather Care Kit (ZC-11–D), available from your authorized dealer.
• Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions, solvents or
cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl and plastics, or oil/petroleum-based
leather conditioners. These products may cause premature wearing of
the clear, protective coating.
UNDERBODY
Flush the complete underside of your vehicle frequently. Keep body and
door drain holes free from packed dirt.
207
Cleaning
FORD, LINCOLN AND MERCURY CAR CARE PRODUCTS
Your Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer has many quality products available
to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products
have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they
are custom designed to complement the style and appearance of your
vehicle. Each product is made from high quality materials that meet or
exceed rigid specifications. For best results, use the following or
products of equivalent quality:
Motorcraft Custom Clearcoat Polish (ZC–8–A)
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
(F2AZ—19530–A)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-93)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only) (CXC-94)
Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
(ZC-11–A)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada) (B7A-19520–AA)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
(E8AZ-19523–AA)
Motorcraft Custom Bright Metal Cleaner (ZC-15)
Ford Premium Car Wash Concentrate (F2SZ-19523–WC)
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-100)
Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14)
Motorcraft Tire Detailer (ZC-28)
Motorcraft Triple Clean (ZC-13)
Motorcraft Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
(ZC-23)
Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
208
Maintenance and Specifications
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a scheduled maintenance guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
the necessary parts and service. Check your Warranty Guide to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in the
Battery section of this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
209
Maintenance and Specifications
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front center of the hood.
3. Lift the hood and secure it with the prop rod.
210
Maintenance and Specifications
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
3.3L V6 engine
10
11
1
2
3
9
8
7
6
5
4
1. Power distribution box
2. Brake fluid reservoir
3. Air filter assembly
4. Battery
5. Relay box
6. Engine oil filler cap
7. Engine oil dipstick
8. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
9. Engine coolant reservoir
10. Power steering fluid reservoir
11. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
211
Maintenance and Specifications
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Windshield washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
symbol.
highlighted with a
Add fluid to fill the reservoir if the
level is low. In very cold weather, do
not fill the reservoir completely.
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specification ESR-M17P5–A.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in this chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Note: Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling system
components.
Checking and adding washer fluid for the liftgate
Washer fluid for the liftgate is supplied by the same reservoir as the
windshield.
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
212
Maintenance and Specifications
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P.
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil indicator (dipstick).
L
H
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the L and H marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the L
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the L and H range.
• Oil levels above the H mark may cause engine damage. Some oil must
be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
213
Maintenance and Specifications
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the H
mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.
SAE 5W-30 engine oil is recommended.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API certification trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C205–A.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the scheduled maintenance guide.
It is recommended that you replace the engine oil drain plug washer
each time the engine oil is changed.
214
Maintenance and Specifications
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
maintenance-free battery which
normally does not require additional
water during its life of service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
215
Maintenance and Specifications
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and
lead compunds. Wash hands after handling.
Your automatic transaxle electronically controls the shift feel by using an
adaptive learning strategy. During the first few hundred kilometers
(miles) of operation, it is normal for your transaxle to have abrupt shifts.
The adaptive learning strategy is maintained by power from the battery.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transaxle must relearn its adaptive strategy. Optimal shifting will resume
within a few hundred kilometers (miles) of operation.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
216
Maintenance and Specifications
RN
LE
A
TU
D
RE
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
The concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at the
mileage intervals listed in the scheduled maintenance guide. The coolant
concentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and water, which
equates to a freeze point of -36° C (-34° F). Coolant concentration
testing is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester (such as the
Rotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014–R1060). The level of coolant
should be maintained at the “cold full” of “cold fill range” level in the
coolant reservoir. If the level falls below, add coolant per the instructions
in the Adding Engine Coolant section.
Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and water
concentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40% or above
60%, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A
50/50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following:
• freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• enables calibrated gages to function properly.
217
Maintenance and Specifications
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
• Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
Note: Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified
function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant VC-4–A (in Canada,
Motorcraft CXC-8-B) or a premium engine coolant that meets
Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
• DO NOT USE Motorcraft Extended Life Engine Coolant VC-2
(or CXC-209 in Canada) (orange in color) meeting Ford
specification WSS-M97B44–D.
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOL威 engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D.
218
Maintenance and Specifications
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
reservoir. If engine coolant is sprayed onto the windshield, it
could make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir, until the coolant is at the
“cold fill level” or within the “ cold fill range” as listed in the engine
coolant reservoir (depending upon application).
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Engine coolant concentrations above 60% or below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the reservoir before you drive your vehicle the
next few times (with the engine cool). If necessary, add a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” or within the
“cold fill range” as listed on the reservoir (depending upon application).
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
To avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from being released from
the engine cooling system, never remove the radiator cap while
the engine is running or hot. Failure to follow this warning may result
in damage to the engine’s cooling system and possible severe personal
injury.
219
Maintenance and Specifications
If you must remove the radiator cap, follow these steps to avoid personal
injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification WSS-M97B51–A1. Use of a recycled engine coolant which
does not meet the Ford G05 specification may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in this chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• It may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
220
Maintenance and Specifications
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• It is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.
221
Maintenance and Specifications
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or permanent injury. If fuel is swallowed,
call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately
apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
222
Maintenance and Specifications
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle (including the
cargo area).
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/4 turn on/off
feature.
When the fuel filler door is open, the left hand sliding door will
not open.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/4 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/4 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon” indicator comes on and stays on when you
start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly installed. Turn
off the engine, remove the cap, align the cap properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
223
Maintenance and Specifications
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with
pump (R+M)/2 octane rating of 87.
We do not recommend the use of
(R+M)/2 METHOD
gasolines labeled as “Regular” that
are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
224
Maintenance and Specifications
Many of the world’s automakers
issued the World-wide Fuel Charter
that recommends gasoline
specifications to provide improved
performance and emission control
system protection for your vehicle.
Gasolines that meet the World-wide
Fuel Charter should be used when
available. Ask your fuel supplier
about gasolines that meet the
World-wide Fuel Charter. In Canada,
look for fuels that display the Auto Makers’ Choice娂 logo.
Cleaner air
Ford endorses the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
Instrument cluster chapter.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate
intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
225
Maintenance and Specifications
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fill-ups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill capacities
section of this chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and should
not be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling your
vehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be
able to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of the
fuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,
an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow no more than 2 automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
226
Maintenance and Specifications
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
227
Maintenance and Specifications
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant specifications in
this chapter.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle scheduled maintenance guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
228
Maintenance and Specifications
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with applicable
exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic converter and
other emission control components continue to work properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your scheduled maintenance guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the scheduled maintenance
guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Service Engine Soon” light, charging system warning
light or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke
or loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system
is not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By law,
vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services, sells,
leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not permitted to
intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent it from working.
Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on the Vehicle
Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the engine. This
decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up specifications.
Please consult your Warranty Guide for complete emission warranty
information.
229
Maintenance and Specifications
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning lights and
chimes section of the Instrument Cluster chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing,
follow the procedure described below:
1. Allow the engine to cool to ambient temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge indicator will point to C).
2. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
3. Accelerate the vehicle to 88 km/h (55 mph), then quickly release the
accelerator pedal completely for at least six seconds.
4. Quickly depress the accelerator pedal for a moment, then drive the
vehicle at a speed of 86 to 96 km/h (53 to 60 mph) for at least five
minutes.
5. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
6. Accelerate the vehicle to 55 km/h (35 mph), and maintain the speed
for 20 seconds.
7. Repeat steps five and six at least three times.
8. Accelerate the vehicle to 88 km/h (55 mph), and maintain the speed
for at least three minutes.
9. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop and turn the engine off.
10. Repeat steps one through nine at least one more time.
If step one through eight are interrupted, repeat the preceding step. Any
safe driving mode is acceptable between steps. Once started, do not turn
off the engine until step seven is completed.
230
Maintenance and Specifications
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the scheduled maintenance
guide for the service interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use
only MERCON威 ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run
until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area
between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the
steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add
fluid if the level is in this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in
small amounts, continuously
MAX
MIN
checking the level until it reaches
the range between the MIN and
MAX lines. Be sure to put the cap
back on the reservoir.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
231
Maintenance and Specifications
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specification
ESA-M6C25–A. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in this chapter.
MAX
MIN
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the fluid level in the reservoir for the master cylinder
fall below the MIN mark. If master cylinder runs dry, this may
cause the brakes to fail.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transaxle does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transaxle is not working
properly, i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some
sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic
during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be
turned off for about 30 minutes to allow fluid to cool before
checking.
232
Maintenance and Specifications
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated areas for normal operating temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the outside temperatures are
above 10°C (50°F).
HOT
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
HOT
[150°F-170°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transaxle failure. An
overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
HOT
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
233
Maintenance and Specifications
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in this chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transaxle component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
HOT
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
Do not use supplemental transmission fluid additives, treatments or
cleaning agents. The use of these materials may affect transmission
operation and result in damage to internal transmission components.
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
When changing the air filter element, use only the Motorcraft air filter
element listed. Refer to Motorcraft Part Numbers.
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
Changing the air filter element
1. Release the four clamps that
secure the air filter housing cover.
2. Carefully separate the two halves
of the air filter housing.
3. Remove the air filter element
from the air filter housing.
234
Maintenance and Specifications
4. Install a new air filter element. Be
careful not to crimp the filter
element edges between the air filter
housing and cover. This could cause
filter damage and allow unmetered
air to enter the engine if not
properly seated.
5. Replace the air filter housing
cover and secure the four clamps.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
235
Maintenance and Specifications
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. The
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
236
Maintenance and Specifications
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the scheduled maintenance guide. If you notice that
the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
• Four tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification or Tire Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size,
speed rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
237
Maintenance and Specifications
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”,
“Touring”, etc.), as originally offered by Ford.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
238
Maintenance and Specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Engine air filter element
Cabin air filter
Fuel filter
Battery
Oil filter
PCV Valve
Spark plugs 1
3.3L V6 engine
FA-1121
FP-27
FG-993
BXT-24-F
FL-2007
EV-217
AGSP-32FP
1
Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Engine oil (includes
filter change)
Brake fluid
Power steering fluid
Automatic transaxle
fluid
Engine coolant1
Fuel tank
Windshield washer
fluid
Ford Part Name
Motorcraft SAE 5W-30
Super Premium Motor
Oil
Motorcraft High
Performance DOT 3
Motor Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft MERCON威
ATF
Motorcraft MERCON威
ATF
Motorcraft Premium
Engine Coolant
N/A
Ultra-Clear Windshield
Washer Concentrate
Capacity
4.0L (4.2 quarts)
Fill to line on reservoir
Fill to line on reservoir
8.3L (8.8 quarts)
10.6L (11.2 quarts)
75.7L (20.0 gallons)
Fill to line on reservoir
1
Use Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE
Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding
engine coolant, in the Maintenance and Specifications chapter.
239
Maintenance and Specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Brake fluid
Door
weatherstrips
Ford part
name
Motorcraft High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Silicone
Lubricant
Ford part
number
PM-1
F7AZ-19G208-BA ESR-M13P4-A
and
F5AZ-19553-AA
VC-4–A (in
ESE-M97B44-A
Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-8-B)
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C205–A
with API
Certification
Mark
XG-4or
ESR-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
Engine coolant1 Motorcraft
Premium
Engine Coolant
(green colored)
Engine oil
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Multi-Purpose
Door latch,
Grease
hood
latch,auxiliary
hood latch, door
and liftgate
hinges, striker
plates, seat
tracks, fuel filler
door hinge.
Lock cylinders
Penetrating and Motorcraft XL-1
Lock Lubricant
Power steering Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
fluid
MERCON威 ATF
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
Automatic
MERCON威 ATF
transaxle 2
240
Ford
specification
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
none
MERCON威
MERCON威
Maintenance and Specifications
Item
Disc brake
caliper rails
Constant
velocity joints
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford part
name
Motorcraft
Silicone Brake
Caliper Grease
and Dielectric
Compound
Motorcraft CV
Joint Grease
(High Temp.)
Ultra-clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Ford part
number
XG-3
Ford
specification
ESE-M1C171-A
XG-2
ESP-M1C207-A
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
1
DO NOT USE Motorcraft Extended Life Engine Coolant VC-2 (CXC-209
in Canada) meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D (orange in color).
Refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCON威 and MERCON威 V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. Refer to your scheduled maintenance
guide to determine the correct service interval.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system1
Compression ratio
3.3L V6 engine
200
87 octane
1-2-3-4-5-6
1.0-1.1 mm (0.039-0.043 inch)
Distributor ignition system
8.9:1
1
This ignition system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment
standard requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of
radio noise.
241
Maintenance and Specifications
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Overall height (with luggage
rack)
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track - Front
(5) Track - Rear
242
mm (in)
4 933.4 (194.2)
1 902.5 (74.9)
1 780.5 (70.1)
2 849.9 (112.2)
1 610.4 (63.4)
1 610.4 (63.4)
Maintenance and Specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification label may be located.
The Certification label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. DATE: XX/XX GVWR: XXXXLB/ XXXXKG
REAR GAWR: XXXXLB/ XXXXKG
FRONT GAWR: XXXXLB/ XXXXKG
WITH PXXX/XXXXXXX TIRES
WITH PXXX/XXXXXXX
TIRES
XXXX.XXX
RIMS
XXXX.XXX
RIMS
AT XX PSI/ XXX kPa COLD SINGLE
AT XX PSI/ XXX kPa COLD SINGLE
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
TYPE: XXX
EXT PAINT COLORS: XX
XX
RC: XX
DSO:
G DRK INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
FOXXX
XX
XXX X
X XX
X
XXXXX
TOXXX
UVU f XXX-XXXXXXX-XX
243
Maintenance and Specifications
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel and under the
liftgate scuff plate at the bottom of
the liftgate opening. (Please note
that in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
1. World manufacturer identifier
2. Brake type and gross vehicle
weight rating (GVWR)
3. Vehicle line, series, body type
4. Engine type
5. Check digit
6. Model year
7. Assembly plant
8. Production sequence number
Engine and transmission serial number
The engine serial number is stamped on the engine block, and the
transmission serial number is on the transmission case.
244
Accessories
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of genuine Ford accessories are available for your
vehicle through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln, Mercury or Ford of
Canada dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically
engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to
complement the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In
addition, each accessory is made from high quality materials and meets
or exceeds Ford’s rigorous engineering and safety specifications. Ford
Motor Company will repair or replace any properly dealer-installed Ford
accessory found to be defective in factory-supplied materials or
workmanship during the warranty period, as well as any component
damaged by the defective accessory. The accessory will be warranted for
whichever provides you the greatest benefit:
• 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) (whichever occurs first), or
• the remainder of your new vehicle limited warranty.
This means that genuine Ford accessories purchased along with your
new vehicle and installed by the dealer are covered for the full length of
your New Vehicle’s Limited Warranty — 3 years or 60 000 km (36 000
miles) (whichever occurs first). Contact your dealer for details and a
copy of the warranty.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Non—decorative wheel locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Cargo nets
Cargo organizer
Cargo tray
Electrochromic inside mirror with compass display
Electrochromic inside mirror with compass and temperature display
Engine block heater
Remote start system
Seatback organizer
Tire step
245
Accessories
Travel equipment
Ash cup
Auto headlamps with daytime running lights (DRL)
Cargo box (rooftop luggage box)
Cigarette lighter element
Console
Framed luggage covers
HomeLink威 (in sun visor)
Molded running boards
Removable luggage basket
Running boards, child step
Soft luggage cover
Track rider bars
Track rider bar adaptors
Trailer hitch (Class II)
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch mount bike carrier
Video entertainment system
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
All weather vinyl mats
Carpet floor mats
Door edge guards
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full and mini)
Hood deflectors
Molded splash guards
Rear air deflectors
Side window air deflectors
Underbody security lighting
Universal floor mats
246
Accessories
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall or cause the transmission to be
damaged or operate improperly. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
247
Index
A
ABS (see Brakes) .....................159
Accessory delay ..........................88
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ................................136–137
and child safety seats ............138
description ..............................137
disposal ....................................140
driver air bag ..........................139
indicator light ...................12, 140
operation .................................139
passenger air bag ...................139
Air cleaner filter ...............234, 239
Air conditioning
automatic temperature
control system ..........................63
manual heating and air
conditioning system .................58
rear seat controls ...............61, 69
Air filter, cabin ............................73
Antifreeze (see Engine
coolant) .....................................217
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) ......................159–160
Anti-theft system ......................112
arming the system ..................113
disarming a triggered
system .....................................114
disarming an untriggered
system .....................................114
Audio system (see Radio) .........20
Automatic transaxle
driving with .............................163
fluid, adding ............................232
fluid, checking ........................232
fluid, refill capacities ..............239
fluid, specification ..................241
Auxiliary power point .................86
248
Axle
lubricant specifications ..........240
B
Battery .......................................215
acid, treating emergencies .....215
charging system warning
light ............................................13
jumping a disabled battery ....188
maintenance-free ....................215
replacement, specifications ...239
servicing ..................................215
Brakes ........................................158
anti-lock ...........................159–160
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light .........12, 160
brake warning light ..................11
fluid, checking and adding ....231
fluid, refill capacities ..............239
fluid, specifications .........240–241
lubricant specifications ..240–241
parking ....................................160
shift interlock ..........................162
Break-in period .............................6
Bulbs ............................................77
C
Capacities for refilling fluids ....239
Cargo cover ...............................106
Cargo net ...........................105–106
CD changer .................................53
Certification Label ....................243
Changing a tire .........................182
Child safety restraints ..............141
child safety belts ....................141
Child safety seats ......................144
attaching with tether straps ..149
Index
in front seat ............................146
in rear seat ......................146, 148
tether anchorage hardware ...150
Cleaning your vehicle
engine compartment ..............204
exterior ....................................207
instrument panel ....................206
interior .....................................207
plastic parts ............................205
washing ....................................203
waxing .....................................203
wheels ......................................204
wiper blades ............................206
woodtone trim ........................205
Climate control (see Air
conditioning or Heating) ......58, 63
Clock ................................24, 33, 44
Console ......................................103
overhead ....................................86
Controls
power seat ...............................117
steering column ........................94
Coolant
checking and adding ..............217
refill capacities ................220, 239
specifications ..................240–241
Cruise control (see Speed
control) ........................................90
Customer Assistance ................173
Ford accessories for your
vehicle .....................................208
Ford Extended Service
Plan ..........................................196
Getting assistance outside the
U.S. and Canada .....................200
Getting roadside assistance ...173
Getting the service you
need .........................................194
Ordering additional owner’s
literature .................................201
The Dispute Settlement
Board .......................................197
Utilizing the
Mediation/Arbitration
Program ...................................200
D
Defrost
rear window ..............................72
Dipstick
automatic transmission
fluid ..........................................232
engine oil .................................212
Doors
door ajar warning .....................14
lubricant specifications ..........240
Driving under special
conditions
through water .........................166
E
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................188
Emission control system ..........229
Engine ................................241–242
check engine/service engine
soon light ..................................10
cleaning ...................................204
coolant .....................................217
idle speed control ...................215
lubrication
specifications ..................240–241
refill capacities ........................239
service points ..........................211
starting after a collision .........174
Engine oil ..................................212
checking and adding ..............212
dipstick ....................................212
249
Index
filter, specifications ........214, 239
recommendations ...................214
refill capacities ........................239
specifications ..................240–241
Exhaust fumes ..........................158
F
Floor mats .................................103
Fluid capacities .........................239
Foglamps .....................................74
Fuel ............................................221
calculating fuel economy .......225
cap ...........................................223
capacity ...................................239
choosing the right fuel ...........224
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................228
detergent in fuel .....................225
filling your vehicle with
fuel ...........................221, 223, 226
filter, specifications ........225, 239
fuel pump shut-off switch .....174
gauge .........................................17
improving fuel economy ........225
low fuel warning light ..............13
octane rating ...........224, 241–242
quality ......................................224
running out of fuel .................225
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................221
Fuses ..................................175–176
G
Garage door opener ....................95
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............223
Gas mileage (see Fuel
economy) ...................................225
Gauges ...................................15–16
250
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................16
fuel gauge ..................................17
odometer ...................................18
speedometer .............................18
trip odometer ............................19
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Rating) .......................................167
calculating ...............................168
definition .................................167
driving with a heavy load ......167
location ....................................167
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating) .......................................167
calculating .......................167–168
definition .................................167
driving with a heavy load ......167
location ....................................167
H
Hazard flashers .........................174
Head restraints .........................115
Headlamps ...................................74
aiming ........................................75
autolamp system .......................74
bulb specifications ....................77
flash to pass ..............................75
high beam ...........................15, 75
replacing bulbs .........................79
turning on and off ....................74
warning chime ..........................15
Heating
heating and air conditioning
system .................................58, 63
rear seat controls ...............61, 69
HomeLink universal
transceiver (see Garage door
opener) ......................95–96, 98–99
Hood ..........................................210
Index
I
Ignition .......................155, 241–242
Infant seats
(see Safety seats) .....................144
Inspection/maintenance (I/M)
testing ........................................230
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................206
cluster ........................................10
lighting up panel and
interior .......................................75
J
Jack ............................................182
positioning ...............................182
storage .....................................182
Jump-starting your vehicle ......188
K
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............15
positions of the ignition .........155
Liftgate ......................................104
Lights, warning and indicator ....10
air bag ........................................12
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ....12, 160
brake ..........................................11
charging system ........................13
cruise indicator ...................13, 94
door ajar ....................................14
high beam .................................15
low fuel ......................................13
low washer fluid .......................13
oil pressure ...............................13
overdrive off ..............................14
safety belt .................................12
service engine soon ..................10
speed control ............................93
turn signal indicator .................14
Load limits .................................167
GAWR ......................................167
GVWR ......................................167
trailer towing ..........................167
Locks
childproof ................................108
doors ........................................108
Lubricant specifications ...240–241
Lumbar support, seats .............117
L
M
Lamps
autolamp system .......................74
bulb replacement
specifications chart ..................77
cargo lamps ...............................75
fog lamps ...................................74
headlamps .................................74
headlamps, flash to pass ..........75
instrument panel, dimming .....75
interior lamps ...........................76
replacing bulbs .............77, 79–82
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................76
Message center ...................99–101
Mirrors .........................................86
heated ........................................89
side view mirrors (power) .......89
Moon roof ....................................94
Motorcraft parts ................225, 239
O
Octane rating ............................224
Odometer .....................................18
251
Index
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................212
S
Overdrive ...........................103, 166
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ..........................129–133
Safety defects, reporting ..........202
Safety restraints ................129–133
cleaning the safety belts ........135
extension assembly ................135
for adults .........................130–132
for children .............................141
lap belt ....................................134
warning light and
chime ...........................12, 15, 135
Safety seats for children ..........144
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ..................................129
Seats ..........................................115
child safety seats ....................144
memory seat ...........................118
Servicing your vehicle ..............209
Spare tire (see Changing the
Tire) ...........................................183
Spark plugs,
specifications .............239, 241–242
Specification chart,
lubricants ...........................240–241
Speed control ..............................90
Speedometer ...............................18
Starting your vehicle ........155–157
jump starting ..........................188
Steering wheel
controls ..........................85, 90, 94
tilting .........................................85
P
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ..............................110
Parking brake ............................160
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....239
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................179
Power door locks ......................108
Power mirrors .............................89
Power point .................................86
Power steering ..........................161
fluid, checking and adding ....231
fluid, refill capacity ................239
fluid, specifications .........240–241
Power Windows ...........................87
R
Radio ............................................20
Radio reception .....................56–57
Rear window defroster ...............72
Relays ................................175, 182
Remote entry system .......109–110
illuminated entry ....................112
locking/unlocking
doors ................................108, 110
panic alarm .............................110
replacement/additional
transmitters .............................111
replacing the batteries ...........111
Roadside assistance ..................173
Roof rack ...................................107
252
T
Tachometer .................................19
Tires ...........................182, 235–236
Index
changing ..................182–183, 185
checking the pressure ............236
replacing ..................................237
rotating ....................................237
snow tires and chains ............238
tire grades ...............................236
treadwear ................................235
Towing .......................................169
recreational towing .................172
trailer towing ..........................169
wrecker ....................................193
Transaxle
fluid, refill capacities ..............239
lubricant specifications ..........241
Transmission .............................162
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................232
lubricant specifications ..........240
Trip odometer .............................19
Turn signal ............................14, 76
V
Vehicle dimensions ...................242
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................244
Vehicle loading ..........................167
Ventilating your vehicle ...........158
W
Warning chimes ...........................15
Warning lights (see Lights) .......10
Washer fluid ..............................212
Water, Driving through .............166
Windows
power .........................................87
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....212
checking and cleaning ........84–85
liftgate reservoir .....................212
operation ...................................83
replacing wiper blades .............85
Wrecker towing .........................193
253
254
255
256
Download PDF