Eyeheight PM-2E Instruction manual

dt
VT510 Video Terminal
Installation and Operating
Information
Order Number: EK-VT510-IA. B01
August 1993
Digital Equipment Corporation makes no representations that the use of its
products in the manner described in this publication will not infringe on
existing or future patent rights, nor do the descriptions contained in this
publication imply the granting of licenses to make, use, or sell equipment or
software in accordance with the description.
© Digital Equipment Corporation 1993.
The postpaid Reader’s Comments form at the end of this document requests
your critical evaluation to assist in preparing future documentation.
DEC, OpenVMS, ULTRIX, VMS, VT, and the DIGITAL logo are trademarks of
Digital Equipment Corporation.
ADDS is a trademark of Applied Digital Data Systems, Inc.
IBM, ProPrinter, and PS/2 are registered trademarks of International Business
Machines Corporation.
SCO is a trademark of Santa Cruz Operations, Inc.
TVI is a trademark of TeleVideo, Inc.
UNIX is a registered trademark of UNIX System Laboratories, Inc.
WY and WYSE are registered trademarks of Wyse Technologies.
All Rights Reserved.
Printed in Taiwan.
All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their
respective holders.
FCC ID: AO9-VGB10—NOTE: The North American version of this equipment
has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment
is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference, in which case, the user will be required to
correct the interference at his own expense.
Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations
of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant
les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de class A prescrites dans
le règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des
Communications du Canada.
Use of Ozone Depleting Substance (ODS)
The VT510 is in full compliance with the labeling requirements in the U.S.
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. It does not contain, nor is it manufactured
with, a Class 1 ODS, as defined in Title VI Section 611 of this act.
This document was prepared using VAX DOCUMENT Version 2.1.
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v
1 Installation and Set-Up
Install the tilt/swivel stand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install your terminal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set up your terminal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select the Set-Up language. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select the emulation mode terminal type. . . . . . . . . .
Select the keyboard language. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select the communication/printer port configuration. .
Select the communication word size. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select the communication parity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select the communication transmit speed. . . . . . . . . .
Select the communication receive speed. . . . . . . . . . .
Select the printer type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Save your settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1–1
1–2
1–4
1–7
1–8
1–8
1–9
1–9
1–10
1–10
1–11
1–11
1–12
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2–1
2–1
2–2
2–3
2–4
2–4
2 Desktop Features
Invoking Desktop Features . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock feature . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calculator feature . . . . . . . .
Show Character Sets feature
Banner message . . . . . . . . . .
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iii
3 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Cleaning your Video Terminal
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . .
Disposing of your Terminal . .
Installing the ROM Cartridge
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3–1
3–1
3–4
3–4
Define Key Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4–1
4 Defining Keys
A Specifications
B Keyboard Function Keys
User Definable Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compose Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B–1
B–1
B–6
Figures
1–1
1–2
A–1
A–2
A–3
DEC VT-Style Keyboard Layout . . . . . . . . . .
PC-Style Keyboard Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Comm1—Serial Communication/Printer Ports
Comm2—MMJ Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel Printer Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1–6
1–6
A–4
A–4
A–5
Recommendations for Proper Setup and Use
Identifying and Correcting Problems . . . . . .
Local Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Available Local Functions . . . . . . . . .
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viii
3–2
B–2
B–5
Tables
1
3–1
B–1
B–2
iv
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.
Preface
Overview
This guide is for users who wish to install and configure the
VT510 video terminal. This guide describes how to connect
cables and enter the Set-up Menu to make changes, as needed.
This guide also has reference tables for troubleshooting,
specifications, and compose sequences.
For more detailed information on programming the terminal,
refer to the VT510 Video Terminal Programmer Information. See
the inside back cover for ordering information.
Note
Environment
This product has been designed and manufactured to
minimize the impact to the environment. The packaging
is recyclable and the terminal can be returned for proper
disposal.
Before You
Start
Ensure that you have received the following:
•
Video terminal
•
Keyboard
•
Power cord, if not attached to the terminal unit
A small flat-blade screwdriver may be needed to install the
communication or the printer cables.
v
Obtain the following information before installing your VT510
video terminal. Write any changes to the default setting in the
column on the right.
Information Needed
Obtain From . . .
The keyboard country
language that you have.
Bottom of the
keyboard
Desired terminal:
System Manager
Emulation: DEC VT,
PCTerm, ADDS, SCO,
TVI, WYSE
Communication
Information:
System Manager
Word size: 8 bits, 7 bits
Parity: none, even, odd,
mark, or space
Transmit speed: 9600
Receive speed: Same as
Transmit speed
Printer Information:
System Manager
Printer type: DEC
ANSI, IBM ProPrinter,
or DEC + IBM
Printer serial speed:
4800
The factory defaults are in boldface type.
vi
Changes to
Default Setting
Conventions
The following conventions are used in this document:
Convention
Meaning
Shift Tab
Indicates two keys that you must press
in combination. Press and hold the first
key while you press the second key.
Shift Enter
Indicates two keys that you must press
in sequence. Press and release the first
key before you press the second.
Caps Lock Alt F11
Indicates three keys that you must
press in combination, holding the first
two down while pressing the third.
terminal
Describes the VT510 video terminal.
Display
Menu items are in boldface type.
Note
Provides general information.
Caution
Provides information to prevent damage
to equipment.
Warning
Provides information to prevent injury.
Proper Setup and Use
Important
Information
Certain recent scientific literature suggests that poor posture,
work habits, or office equipment setup may cause injuries. Other
literature suggests that there is no cause and effect. Because the
safety of our users is a great concern, it is important to take the
precautions described in Table 1.
vii
Proper Setup and Use
Table 1 Recommendations for Proper Setup and Use
Adjust
So that . . .
Chair
1
Feet are flat on the floor
or footrest, if needed.
2
Legs are vertical forming
a right angle to the floor.
3
Your weight is off your
thighs and are in a
horizontal position. Keep
the back of your knees
away from the seat so you
do not compress the area
behind them, which could
restrict the blood flow.
4
Your upper body is erect
and your lower back is
supported with a backrest.
5
Your wrists are straight
and do not flex more
than 15°. They may be
supported but should not
rest on sharp edges.
6
Upper arms are straight
down at your sides, elbows
are close to your sides and
support your arm weight.
Forearms are at a 70° to
90° angle.
7
Your neck is not strained.
Your head should incline
downward, but no more
than 15° to 20°.
Keyboard
Head
MA–0069–93.IL
(continued on next page)
viii
Proper Setup and Use
Table 1 (Cont.) Recommendations for Proper Setup and Use
Adjust
To . . .
Terminal
8
Eye level and at the correct distance for proper vision.
Eyes
9
Avoid eye fatigue, which can be caused by glare, image quality,
uncomfortable furniture, eye height, and uncorrected vision. If you
cannot read the screen at different distances, you may need special
glasses. Relax your eyes periodically by looking at distant objects.
Work
Breaks
Take periodic work breaks. Morning, lunch, and afternoon breaks
meet most recommendations. Take advantage of work breaks to
move around and do other movements.
Lighting
Avoid direct lighting or sunlight on the screen, which causes glare
and reflections. The VT510 terminal screen has an antiglare
treatment to reduce glare. Place lighting behind or to the side
of your work area, and distribute the lighting evenly on your work
area. Adjust the terminal brightness and the contrast controls as
needed.
Noise
Keep background noise at a minimum. Background noise above
65 dBA is tiring. Sound-absorbing materials, such as curtains,
carpeting, and acoustic tile, can help reduce background noise.
Temperature
20°C to 23°C (68°F to 74°F)
Humidity
30% to 70%
Ventilation
Provide adequate air ventilation for equipment operation and to
avoid fatigue.
Space
between
terminals
More than 70 cm (28 in) center to center, preferably more than 152
cm (60 in).
Warning
If you experience pain or discomfort during use of the
terminal, then take a substantial break and review the
instructions for posture and work habits. If the pain or
discomfort continues after resuming use of the terminal,
then discontinue use and report the condition to your job
supervisor or physician.
ix
1
Installation and Set-Up
Install the tilt/swivel stand.
1. Carefully set the terminal facedown.
2. Insert the hooks on the stand into the slots at the bottom of
the terminal.
3. Slide the stand to the right until it is locked by the two tabs
at the bottom of the terminal. (To remove the stand, press
the two tabs.)
DSG-000375
Insert hooks
and slide into
position.
Installation and Set-Up 1–1
Install your terminal.
Install your terminal.
Connect the
cables to the
terminal.
To install your terminal, connect the cables to the terminal as
shown.
1
2
3
4
5
! Comm 1 (*
)) (male or female),
" Parallel (k), # Comm 2, $ Keyboard, % Power cord.
DSG-000322
1–2 Installation and Set-Up
Install your terminal.
Plug in the
power cord and
push the power
switch on.
The terminal will beep indicating that the power is on.
1
2
DSG-000323
Set the
Brightness
and Contrast
controls.
If necessary, set the brightness and contrast controls by doing
the following:
1. Set both controls to maximum by turning controls all the
way to the right (!).
"
2. Adjust the Brightness control
by turning the control to the
left ( ) until the background raster is not visible. This sets
the black level.
!
3. Adjust the Contrast control
by turning the control to the
left ( ) to set the white level for comfortable viewing.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 as needed.
Installation and Set-Up 1–3
Install your terminal.
"Selftest OK"
appears on
screen.
The terminal takes a few seconds to warm up and complete its
power up self-tests. Then, the terminal should display ‘‘Selftest
OK.’’ If a problem occurs, go to Chapter 3.
Set up your terminal.
Overview
Use Set-Up to examine or change the terminal operating
features, such as the transmit speed, receive speed, or the
language. The Set-Up menus in this section will get you started
in operating the terminal. Only the basic Set-Up feature is
performed with this procedure. There are many more Set-Up
features in the terminal that you may wish to change.
Before changing the Set-Up features, contact your System
Manager, if necessary, for information on the terminal type,
terminal ID to host, and the communication settings.
Printer operations are suspended upon entering Set-Up and are
resumed upon exiting Set-Up.
Entering Set-up
To enter Set-Up, perform the following procedures:
On a . . .
Press . . .
Refer to . . .
DEC VT keyboard
F3
Figure 1–1
PC keyboard
Caps Lock Print Screen
Caps Lock Sys Rq
or
1–4 Installation and Set-Up
Figure 1–2
Set up your terminal.
Moving within a
Set-Up Menu
Use the arrow keys ( ( , * , + , ) ) to move among the menus or
within a list, or to select buttons.
In a
menu . . .
.
A pull-right submenu is available.
...
a
b
c
=
Indicates . . .
A dialog box is available for you to specify more
information.
The menu item with the filled-in circle is enabled.
Only one of these items can be enabled at a time.
The menu item with the checkbox is enabled.
Press Enter Return Do or Select to start the action or to choose the
currently highlighted feature.
A dimmed menu item does not apply to the currently selected
mode.
Keyboards
A DEC VT keyboard (Figure 1–1) and a PC keyboard
(Figure 1–2) differ in the placement of some of the keys,
such as the arrow keys. A DEC VT keyboard has 20 function
keys (F1 - F20) above the main keypad, while a PC keyboard has
12 function keys (F1 - F12).
Note
Keyboards from other manufacturers may not function
correctly because of differences in their implementation
of the PC keyboard standard.
Installation and Set-Up 1–5
Set up your terminal.
Figure 1–1 DEC VT-Style Keyboard Layout
6
N o rt h A m er ican/U
nit ed K ingdom ( W or d P r ocessing V er sion)
4
(ESC)
F5
F6
!
a
#
$
%
1
2
3
4
5
Q
Tab
W
A
Ctrl
>
<
Shift
E
S
R
D
Z
Y
G
U
H
V
B
F10
*
8
7
T
C
F9
&
^
6
F
X
F8
F7
(
)
9
0
I
J
K
N
Alt
Function
Help
F14
X
}
]
:
;
>
.
<
,
M
+
=
P
L
F13
F12
-
O
Alt
Function
Compose
Character
F11
]
~
5
F4
F3
}
F2
F1
Return
F17
Do
Find
Insert
Here
Remove
Select
Prev
Next
PF2
PF3
7
8
9
_
4
5
6
,
1
2
3
\
?
/
F20
PF1
|
"
’
F19
F18
Shift
Enter
.
0
Compose
Character
PF4
2
1
3
MA-1520-92.DG
Figure 1–2 PC-Style Keyboard Layout
4
5
di gi tal
Esc
6
North American
F3
F2
F1
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F11
F10
F12
Print
Screen
Scroll
Lock
SetUp
Pause
Break
Num Lock
a
#
$
%
2
3
4
5
Q
W
E
R
T
*
8
&
^
6
7
Y
U
(
)
9
0
I
O
_
P
+
=
BackSpace
}
|
]
Tab
!
1
}
~
]
\
Insert
Home
Page
Up
Delete
End
Page
Down
Caps Lock Scroll Lock
Num
Lock
/
*
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
Home
_
PgUp
+
Caps
Lock
Shift
A
S
Z
D
X
C
F
G
V
B
H
N
J
K
M
<
,
:
;
L
>
.
"
’
?
/
Enter
Shift
End
3
PgDn
Enter
Ctrl
Alt
Altl
0
Ctrl
Ins
.
Del
GSF-MK2510-29-DG
1
2
3
LJ-00226-TI0
! Main keypad, " Editing keypad, # Numeric keypad,
$ Function keys, % Escape key, & Indicator lights.
1–6 Installation and Set-Up
Select the Set-Up language.
Select the Set-Up language.
This language selection is for Set-up only and does not affect
keyboard, character set, or printer settings. As you make
changes to some Set-Up parameters, the Set-Up summary line
will reflect those changes.
1
2
3
4
5
! Port selected, " Transmit speed (9600), Parity (N), Word
size (8), Stop bits (1), # Character set, $ Keyboard language,
% Emulation mode.
Installation and Set-Up 1–7
Select the emulation mode terminal type.
Select the emulation mode terminal type.
Select the keyboard language.
MA−0044−93.GRA
1–8 Installation and Set-Up
Select the communication/printer port configuration.
Select the communication/printer port configuration.
Select the communication word size.
Installation and Set-Up 1–9
Select the communication parity.
Select the communication parity.
Select the communication transmit speed.
1–10 Installation and Set-Up
Select the communication receive speed.
Select the communication receive speed.
Select the printer type.
Installation and Set-Up 1–11
Save your settings.
Save your settings.
Select the Save settings menu item, then press
Enter
or
Return .
Caution
If you disable the Screen Saver feature, an image may
etch onto the screen, which may shorten the terminal’s
useful life.
Restore the
settings.
To recall the settings that you stored in memory using the Save
Settings menu item, select the Restore settings menu item
and press Enter or Return .
Note
Restore factory defaults is a selection included in the
Action menu.
Exit the Set-Up
menu.
To exit Set-Up, select the Exit Set-Up menu item or perform the
following procedure:
On a . . .
Press . . .
Refer to . . .
ANSI-style keyboard
F3
Figure 1–1
PC keyboard
1–12 Installation and Set-Up
Caps Lock
Print Screen
Figure 1–2
2
Desktop Features
Invoking Desktop Features
Overview
From the Actions menu, you can invoke the Clock, Calculator,
Show character sets and Banner message features. When
the feature is highlighted (displayed in reverse video), press
Enter or Return to enable the feature.
MA−0031−93.GRA
While these desktop features are enabled, other terminal
functions are disabled. Press Ctrl Z , F10 , Exit , or Esc to exit the
feature.
Desktop Features
2–1
Invoking Desktop Features
Clock feature
You can enable the Clock feature without entering Set-Up by
pressing Caps Lock Alt F11 if you are not in an ASCII emulation
mode.
The current time is displayed in the status line if this feature
is enabled. The format is HH:MM, followed by AM or PM if the
12-hour format is selected. Use the following keys within the
clock feature:
Key
Function
+ or Tab
* or Shift Tab
( or )
Return
or
or
P
A
Enter
Go to next field.
Go to previous field.
Move within a field.
If desired, check the 24-hour format
box. For example, before entering
13:00, enable 24-hour format.
For 12-hour format, set the time to
morning by pressing A or P for
afternoon.
If the clock feature is enabled, then the alarm sounds for five
seconds or until a key is pressed. Each alarm message can be up
to 20 characters and will be displayed in the status line until a
key is pressed. If the hourly chime is enabled, then the terminal
will beep once every hour. In Set-Up, select the Save settings
menu item to save the time format. The clock feature is disabled
when the terminal is turned off.
2–2 Desktop Features
Invoking Desktop Features
Calculator
feature
You can enable the Calculator feature without entering
Set-Up by pressing Caps Lock Alt F12 , if you are not in an ASCII
emulation mode.
In addition to the numbers on the numeric keypad, you can use
the following keys with the calculator:
Key
H
,
Function
O
, or
D
Selects hexadecimal
decimal D format.
H
, octal
O
, or
Arrow keys
Move the position of the calculator on
the screen.
Shift
Changes the keypad display to allow
selecting STO , RCL , 1/x , X² , and
Insert Result .
Alt
Changes the keypad display to
hexadecimal and allows selecting
keys A through F on the numeric
keypad.
C/E
Clears the entry.
STO
Stores the number in the display into
memory.
RCL
Recalls the number from memory and
places it in the display.
Shift Enter
Inserts the result at the current cursor
position after exiting the calculator
feature.
=x
All calculator math operations have equal priority except 1
and 2 . If a result is wider than the display, then a rounded
number will be displayed. The non-rounded result will continue
to be used in subsequent calculations. The decimal point cannot
be used with the hexadecimal mode.
x
Desktop Features
2–3
Invoking Desktop Features
Show Character
Sets feature
You can enable the Show character sets desktop feature
without entering Set-Up by using Caps Lock Alt F10 if you are
not in an ASCII emulation mode. When the character set is
displayed, you can use the following keys with this feature:
Key
Function
Next or Prev
Page Up or Page Down
Looks through the available character
sets.
Shift
L
Displays the line drawing character
set, if you are using a VT character
set.
Shift
T
Displays the technical character set.
For the current character set, inserts
the highlighted character into text at
the current cursor position, if you are
using a VT character set.
Shift Enter
Banner
message
From the Actions menu, select Banner message....
1. Press
Return
or
Enter
to display a dialog box.
2. Enter your banner message.
3. Press the
4. Press
2–4 Desktop Features
+
Return
to select the
or
Enter
OK
button.
to return to the Set-Up menu.
3
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Cleaning your Video Terminal
Cleaning the
Screen
Before cleaning the screen, set the terminal power switch to the
off position and wait 20 seconds to let static electricity dissipate.
Clean the screen with a video screen cleaner.
Cleaning the
Keyboard
If needed, wipe the keys with a soft cloth. Do not allow moisture
to get under the keys.
Troubleshooting
Identifying and
Correcting
Problems
The following can be sources of problems:
•
Communications cables
•
Host system
•
Nearby power or electrical sources
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3–1
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Table
Use Table 3–1 to identify and correct any problem areas.
Table 3–1 Identifying and Correcting Problems
Symptom
Possible Cause
Suggested Solution
Cursor or "Selftest
OK" does not
display.
Brightness or
Contrast control
is set too low.
Increase the brightness and contrast
control setting under the front of the
terminal.
Power cord is not
connected.
Connect the power cord to the power
source and the terminal. Push the power
switch in.
There is no power.
Use a functional outlet.
The terminal is
faulty.
Set the power switch to the off position
and contact Digital Services.
Screen saver is
active.
Press any key.
Signal cable is not
connected.
Reconnect the cable.
Communication port
is not set properly.
From the Communication menu item,
choose Port select and check the setting
for the cable connections.
Communication
speed may be set
incorrectly.
Check the communication transmit
speed, receive speed, and parity with
your system manager; then match them
to the Set-Up settings.
The host system
may be faulty.
Contact your system administrator.
Screen is blank, but
cursor is blinking.
(continued on next page)
3–2 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Table 3–1 (Cont.) Identifying and Correcting Problems
Symptom
Possible Cause
Suggested Solution
Video display has
moving dots and
distorted lines. The
display rolls or
flickers.
There is
electromagnetic
interference.
Move any electromechanical device,
such as a fan or a motor, away from the
terminal or move the terminal.
CAUTION: Before moving the
system, turn the power off and wait
20 seconds to let static electricity
dissipate.
Refresh rate is too
low.
From the Display menu item, choose
Refresh rate and select 72 Hz.
The terminal is
faulty.
Set the power switch to the off position
and contact Digital Services.
The printer is off.
Turn on the power to the printer.
There is a paper
jam.
Check the printer supplies: paper, toner,
or ribbon.
The printer cables
are not connected.
Check the cables.
Communication port
is not set correctly.
From the Communication menu
item, choose Port select and match
the setting to the connections on the
terminal.
If you have a
serial printer, its
speed may be set
incorrectly.
From the Printer menu item, choose
Serial print speed and match the
setting to the one in your printer
manual.
Accessibility aid is
enabled.
Check keyboard indicator line for icon.
This feature is enabled by pressing any
modifier key five times. To disable, press
and hold a modifier key and then press
another key.
The printer will not
print.
Modifier keys
remain in effect
after released.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3–3
Disposing of your Terminal
Disposing of your Terminal
Warning
If you need to dispose of your terminal, ask a qualified
service representative for the proper disposal procedures.
Improper disposal could result in personal injury.
Installing the ROM Cartridge
Introduction
The terminal can accommodate an optional ROM cartridge at
the back of the terminal. This ROM cartridge will completely
replace the factory-installed software within the terminal for
new software versions or special applications.
When an option ROM is not used, the ROM cartridge holder is
empty with a cover over it.
Installing and
Removing the
ROM Cartridge
To install a ROM cartridge:
1. Set the power switch to the off position.
2. Remove the cover by lifting it from the bottom and gently
pulling it straight back.
3. Plug in a ROM cartridge with its attached cover
the cover.
!, and close
If you are having the terminal serviced, then remove and
save the ROM cartridge. To remove a ROM cartridge, lift its
cover from the bottom and gently pull it straight back.
3–4 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Installing the ROM Cartridge
1
DSG-000372
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3–5
4
Defining Keys
Define Key Editor
Overview
The VT510 provides a powerful Define Key Editor that allows
you to modify the function of keys on your keyboard. Since
VT510 keystrokes can perform many different functions, it will
take some practice to understand how the keys work. This
section is an introduction to customizing your keyboard.
Moving
Standard
Functions
The simplest way to re-program a key is to copy the behavior
of another key. This method allows you to move factory default
key functions to any position on the keyboard. To move factory
default key functions:
1. From the Keyboard menu item, select the Define
key . . . function, and the Define Key Editor menu
will appear.
2. Press the key for which you want to assign a new behavior.
3. Press the ) key to highlight the "Copy of key default" radio
button ( Copy of key default) and press Enter .
4. Press the key whose factory default behavior is what you
want your defined key to do.
5. Press the
and press
+
key to highlight the OK or Apply pushbutton
Enter .
Defining Keys 4–1
Define Key Editor
Customization
Modifier Keys
If you want to program a key to behave differently than one of
the factory defined keys, then you will need to know about the
following VT510 key categories:
Function:
Keys used to transmit function key sequences
or to perform local terminal functions such as
the arrow keys (*, +, ), (), the Shift modifier
key, or the Set-Up key.
Alphanumeric:
Keys used to transmit alphanumeric
characters.
Modifier keys vary from within the function and alphanumeric
categories. A modifier key is a key that modifies the behavior
of other keys when it is pressed and held down. For example,
pressing an alphanumeric key in combination with the Shift
modifier key will normally send the shifted or uppercase
characters for that key.
Modifier keys are treated as a special kind of local terminal
function. The VT510 function modifier keys are: Shift , Ctrl , and
Alt . VT510 alphanumeric keys can also be modified by pressing
Group Shift ( Alt Gr on enhanced PC keyboards) and Alt Shift
(Shift-2). Modifier keys themselves cannot normally be modified
by other keys. A key assigned to act as the Shift modifier, for
example, cannot transmit a function sequence when pressed in
combination with the Alt key. Defining a key as a modifier key
makes all assignable combinations of that key act as a modifier.
Creating a New
Function
To define a new function key:
1. From the Keyboard menu item, select the Define
key . . . function, and the Define Key Editor menu
will appear.
2. Press the key for which you want to assign a new behavior.
3. Press the ( and ) keys to highlight the "Function" radio
button ( Function) and press Enter .
4. Press the * and + keys to highlight the modifier
combination that you want to define (unshifted, shifted,
control, and so on) and press Enter .
5. Press the ) key to move to the "Select function" scroll box.
Press the * and + keys to highlight the desired keystroke
function from the list and press Enter .
4–2 Defining Keys
Define Key Editor
6. Press the
( key to return to the modifier selection.
7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 to define other modifier
combinations as desired.
8. Use the arrow keys (*, +, (,
pushbutton and press Enter .
)) to highlight the OK or Apply
Correcting a
Mistake
If you make a mistake or want to start over, select the Cancel
pushbutton or select the Exit Set-Up menu item. Your
changes will not be recognized until you select the OK or Apply
pushbutton. To save your key definitions so they will be available
the next time you turn on the system power, select the Save key
definitions menu item from the Keyboard menu.
Examples of
Uses
Examples of when to create new functions include:
•
To change the < x key to delete when unshifted and to
backspace when shifted
•
To disable the Compose , Break , or
them to have no function
Set-Up
key by assigning
The Define Key Editor can be very powerful if you take the time
to learn how to use it. No matter how you redefine the keys,
you can always enter Set-Up by pressing F3 after powering on.
Additionally, you can always restore the factory default settings
by invoking the Actions menu item.
Note
See the VT510 Video Terminal Programmer Information
manual to redefine alphanumeric keys or keyboard
layouts.
Defining Keys 4–3
A
Specifications
Video Terminal
The following are the specifications for the VT510 video
terminal.
Dimensions
Height
32 cm (12.6 in)
Width
31.5 cm (12.4 in)
Depth
33 cm (13 in)
Weight
7.9 kg (17.4 lb)
Tilt Range
25° (5° forward, 20° backward)
Swivel Range
± 90° (left and right)
Display
Cathode ray tube
(CRT)
35 cm (14 in) diagonal antiglare
flat-profile screen
Overscan
60 Hz - 16
font
Area
Usable area
2 10 font; 72 Hz - 13 2 10
2 432 pixels with 88 DPI density
17 cm (6.7 in) 2 23 cm (9 in); 1:1.4
800
aspect ratio
No. of lines
25, 42, or 53 data lines
Page size
Selectable 24, 25, 36, 42, 48, 50, and
72 lines (emulation dependent)
Operating Systems
Supported
UNIX, MDOS, OpenVMS, OSF,
ULTRIX, VMS, or any other that
supports ASCII or ANSI protocols.
Specifications A–1
Specifications
Terminal Emulations
ANSI, PCTerm, and ASCII
emulations: VT, WYSE, TVI, ADDS,
or SCO console.
Character Set
Support
Multiple languages using ISO and
IBM code pages; Set-Up selectable in
five languages.
Productivity
Features
Local copy and paste
Time-of-day clock—sound alarms and
display messages
Desktop calculator—insert result into
text
Show character sets—insert character
into text
ROM cartridge
support
4-Mbit (512 K byte) customerinstallable ROM cartridge at back
of system unit that completely
replaces the factory-installed ROM
code for new versions of the terminal’s
firmware.
Electrical
Requirements
AC input voltage
120 Vac only; or 110, 120, 220, 230,
240 auto-sensing (product variant)
single phase, 3-wire
Line frequency
47 Hz to 63 Hz
Power consumption
40 watts maximum
Operating
Temperature
10°C to 40°C (50°F to 104°F)
Humidity
10% to 90% relative humidity
Maximum wet bulb = 28°C
Minimum dew point = 2°C
(noncondensing)
A–2 Specifications
Specifications
Keyboard
The following are the specifications for the keyboard.
Keyboard style
Cables
LK411/LK412 for ANSI/ANSI WPS
style layout; PCXAL for enhanced
PC 101/102 style layout; available for
most European languages.
Protocol
IBM enhanced PS/2-compatible
Connector
PS/2-style, 6-pin mini DIN
Keyboard keys
All keys are programmable for single
characters, character sequences, or
local functions.
Nonvolatile memory
768K bytes memory
User-defined key maximum
length = 255 bytes.
The following are the specifications for the cables.
Order Number
Length3
Connectors
EIA-232 Serial Communication/Printer Cables
BC22E-10
BC22E-25
3 m (10 ft)
7.6 m (25 ft)
25-pin D-sub f to 25-pin
D-sub m
BC22D-xx
xx†
25-pin D-sub f to 25-pin
D-sub f
EIA-423 Communication Cables
BC16E-10
BC16E-25
3 m (10 ft)
7.6 m (25 ft)
6-pin MMJ to 6-pin
MMJ
Parallel Printer Cables
BC19M-10
3 m (10 ft)
25-pin D-sub m to
36-pin Champ m
3 EIA-232 maximum cable length is 15.3 m (50 ft); EIA-423 maximum cable
length is 305 m (1000 ft).
†xx = length in feet (10, 25, 50)
Specifications A–3
Specifications
Communication/Printer
Ports
Serial
Bidirectional serial communication/printer ports
with full modem support at 300 to 115.2K baud:
Parallel
EIA 232
EIA 423
Comm 1 (Figure A–1):
Two 25-pin D-sub m/f
(use one or the other)
Comm 2
(Figure A–2):
6-pin MMJ
Centronics (25-pin D-sub f) parallel printer
connector (Figure A–3).
m = male; f = female
Figure A–1 Comm1—Serial Communication/Printer Ports1
1
1
14
13
25
13
25
14
1
M
F
1 GND / NC
2 TXD
3 RXD
4 RTS
5 CTS
6 DSR
7 SIG GND
8 CD
12 SI
20 DTR
23 SPD SEL
9−11, 13−19, 21, 22, 24, 25
CCITT/EIA/DIN
103/BA/D1
104/BB/D2
105/CA/S2
106/CB/M2
107/CC/M1
102/AB/E2
109/CF/M5
112/CI
108.2/CD/S1.2
111/CH/S4
NC
MA−0019−93.GRA
Figure A–2 Comm2—MMJ Port
1
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
DTR
TXD +
TXD −
RXD −
RXD +
DSR
MA−0020−93.GRA
1
A–4 Specifications
In North America, pin 1 is open; in international units, pin 1 is
ground. NC = Not connected.
Specifications
Figure A–3 Parallel Printer Port
1
14
25
13
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
STROBE L
DAT <0>
DAT <1>
DAT <2>
DAT <3>
DAT <4>
DAT <5>
DAT <6>
DAT <7>
MA−0018−93.GRA
F
Power Cords
10 ACKNLG L
11 BUSY
12 PE
13 SLCT
14 AUTO FEED XT L
15 ERROR L
16 INIT L
17 SLCT IN L
18 − 25 GND
The following are the specifications for the power cords.
Order Number
Country
Amp
Length
BN19P-2E
BN19P-03
Canada, U.S.
15A
1.9 m (75 in.)
3.0 m (120 in.)
BN26J-1K
México
15A
1.9 m (75 in.)
Flame
Retardants
The thermoplastic enclosures do not contain polybrominated
diphenylether (PBDE) as a flame retardant additive; therefore,
they do not emit toxic dibenzofuran and dibenzodioxin gases.
PVC
The plastic enclosures are not made of rigid PVC. The material
has a non-halogenated, flame-retardant system and is cadmium
free.
Asbestos
Asbestos is not used in this product or in its manufacturing
process.
Ozone
Depleting
Substance
The VT510 is in full compliance with the labeling requirements
in the U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. It does not
contain, nor is it manufactured with, a Class 1 ODS, as defined
in Title VI Section 611 of this act.
Specifications A–5
B
Keyboard Function Keys
User Definable Keys
Overview
All keyboard keys are programmable by selecting the Define
key function from the Keyboard menu item in Set-Up. They
can be programmed to send single characters or character
sequences, or to invoke a local function, such as Print Screen.
The function keys have the following key levels: Unshifted,
Shifted, Control, Shift Control, Alt, Alt-Shift, Alt-Control, and
Alt-Shift-Control.
Local Functions
Overview
The keys used to perform local terminal functions differ
between the VT keyboard, PC keyboard, and the mode selection.
Table B–1 shows the corresponding keys for the default local
functions and their function number. This number is used in
the DECPFK host sequence or DECPAK’s alternate function
to specify a change to that Local Function key. Table B–2 lists
other available local functions.
Keyboard Function Keys
B–1
Local Functions
Table B–1 Local Functions
Function
Number Function
VT
Keyboard
SCO
Console
PC
Keyboard
VT-Style
PC
Keyboard
PC-Style
0
no function
1
Hold
F1
Lock F1
F1
Scroll Lock
2
Print
F2
Lock F2
F2
Print Screen
3
Set-Up
F3
Lock F3
F3
PC
Keyboard
SCO
Lock Print Screen
Lock Sys Rq
or
Alt Print Screen
5
Break
F5
Lock F5
F5
Lock Pause
7
Hard Reset
Ctrl F3
Lock Ctrl F3
Ctrl F3
Ctrl Lock Print Screen
8
Toggle
Autoprint
Ctrl F2
Lock Ctrl F2
Ctrl F2
Ctrl Print Screen
9
Disconnect
Shift F5
Lock Shift F5
Shift F5
Shift Lock Pause
10
Send
Answerback
Ctrl F5
Lock Ctrl F5
Ctrl F5
Ctrl Lock Pause
11
Print Composed
Main Display
Shift F2
X1
Shift F2
Shift
Print Screen
X
20
Pan Up
X
Ctrl
Ctrl
X
21
Pan Down
24
Pan Prev Page
Ctrl Prev
X
Ctrl Page Up
Ctrl Page Up
25
Pan Next Page
Ctrl Next
X
Ctrl Page Down
Ctrl Page Down
30
Copy & Paste
Mode
F1 (hold
down)
31
C&P Cursor
Left
"
Ctrl #
Ctrl
X
"
Ctrl #
Caps Lock F1 F1
"
Ctrl #
Scroll Lock
1
X means the function is not available in the default SCO state. If there is no "X" in the SCO Console
column, then this means that the key sequence is the same as the VT Keyboard column. If there is no "X"
in the PC Keyboard SCO column, then this means that the key sequence is the same as the PC Keyboard
PC-Style column.
± means the function switches alternately between on and off.
C&P means Copy and Paste.
Lock means the Lock key, Caps Lock key, or key with lock icon.
(continued on next page)
B–2 Keyboard Function Keys
Local Functions
Table B–1 (Cont.) Local Functions
Function
Number Function
VT
Keyboard
#
"
!
SCO
Console
PC
Keyboard
VT-Style
PC
Keyboard
PC-Style
#
"
!
#
"
!
32
C&P Cursor
Down
33
C&P Cursor Up
34
C&P Cursor
Right
35
C&P Start
Selection
Select
Home
Home
36
C&P Copy
Remove
End
End
37
C&P Paste
Insert Here
Insert
Insert
38
C&P ±
Left-to-Right
Select
Home
Home
41
Shift Modifier
Left or right
Left or right
Shift
Shift
Left or
right Shift
Ctrl
Left or right
42
Control Modifier
Ctrl
43
44
Alt Function
Modifier
Left or
right Alt
Start Compose
Left or right
Left or right
Alt
Group Shift
Modifier
Group Shift
46†
Shift2 Modifier
Alt Shift
47
Primary KB
language
Ctrl Alt F1
Left or
right Ctrl
Left or
right Alt
Left
Compose
453
PC
Keyboard
SCO
Alt Space
Alt Gr
Lock Alt Ctrl F1 Ctrl Alt F1
Alt Gr
Ctrl Alt F1
See SCO
Console
1
X means the function is not available in the default SCO state. If there is no "X" in the SCO Console
column, then this means that the key sequence is the same as the VT Keyboard column. If there is no "X"
in the PC Keyboard SCO column, then this means that the key sequence is the same as the PC Keyboard
PC-Style column.
†The Shift2 Modifier is assigned to the Alt Shift key (German "right Compose ") when it appears on the
corresponding keyboard (German).
± means the function switches alternately between on and off.
C&P means Copy and Paste.
Lock means the Lock key, Caps Lock key, or key with lock icon.
(continued on next page)
Keyboard Function Keys
B–3
Local Functions
Table B–1 (Cont.) Local Functions
PC
Keyboard
VT-Style
Function
Number Function
VT
Keyboard
SCO
Console
48
Secondary KB
language
Ctrl Alt F2
Lock Alt Ctrl F2 Ctrl Alt F2
49‡
± KB language
51
± Caps Lock
State
52
± Num Lock
State
53
± VT/IBM Style
54
Extend Kbd
Modifier
61
Screen saver
62
Calculator
63
Lock
PC
Keyboard
PC-Style
PC
Keyboard
SCO
Ctrl Alt F2
See SCO
Console
Lock
Lock
Num Lock
Num Lock
Lock
Num Lock
Lock
Num Lock
Lock
Lock
Lock Alt F12
Lock Alt F12
Lock Alt F12
Clock
Lock Alt F11
Lock Alt F11
Lock Alt F11
64
Character table
Lock Alt F10
Lock Alt F10
Lock Alt F10
65
Transfer result
Shift
Enter
Shift Enter
Shift Enter
X
X
‡Toggle KB language is assigned to the named language key when it appears on the corresponding keyboard
(Greek, Hebrew, and Russian).
± means the function switches alternately between on and off.
C&P means Copy and Paste.
Lock means the Lock key, Caps Lock key, or key with lock icon.
B–4 Keyboard Function Keys
Local Functions
Table B–2 Other Available Local Functions
Function
Number Function
Function
Number Function
91
BS
120
Page 0
92
CAN
121
Page 1
93
ESC
122
Page 2
94
DEL
123
Page 3
100
UDK sequence
124
Page 4
105
Soft reset
125
Page 5
106
±Show controls
126
Page 6
111
±Status display
138
Prev Page
112
±Split screen
139
Next Page
113
Raise horizontal split
142
Slow Scroll
114
Lower horizontal split
144
Fast Scroll
115
Adjust window to show cursor
151
±Keyclick
116
±Cursor drag
155
±Block mode
117
±Insert mode
156
Block mode on
119
Home & Clear
157
Block mode off
Note
An Accessibility aid feature allows the modifier keys to
remain in effect after they are released. A small icon in
the status line indicates its state.
To enable: Press any modifier key five times.
To disable: Press and hold a modifier key while you
press another key.
Keyboard Function Keys
B–5
Compose Characters
Compose Characters
The tables at the end of this manual describe how to compose
characters for the Multinational and ISO Latin 1 character sets
for a VT keyboard.
In the tables,
column . . .
Represents . . .
r
Characters to be composed.
3-
Three-stroke key sequences beginning with
the Compose key.
2-
Two-stroke key sequences beginning with a
non-spacing diacritical accent key.
Within the
tables . . .
Represents . . .
(sp)
A space character.
Canadian-English and US keyboards do not have non-spacing
diacritical marks regardless of the character mode.
B–6 Keyboard Function Keys