Bernina 125 Instruction manual

activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:15 Uhr
Seite 1
In choosing BERNINA, you are assured of years of rewarding sewing.
For over 100 years my family has concentrated on providing complete satisfaction to our
customers. And it is my personal wish to continue this tradition of offering you
”Welcome to
Swiss precision engineering combined with state of the art technology and an after sales service
second to none.
the BERNINA
The new BERNINA activa 125 are characterized by a youthful appeal which is combined with a
range of added value features to give you, dear Customer, more sewing pleasure than ever before.
family”
Enjoy modern, creative sewing with BERNINA: our wide range of accessories as well as
our sewing publications brimming with imaginative ideas and practical tips all add to the joy of
sewing BERNINA style.
Any questions you have will be dealt with courteously and efficiently by our highly
trained BERNINA dealers, who will also be glad to service your sewing computer for you.
H.P. Ueltschi
Owner BERNINA
Sewing Machine Company
Fritz Gegauf Ltd. • BERNINA Sewing Machines • CH-8266 Steckborn/Switzerland
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:15 Uhr
Seite 2
2
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
When using an electrical machine, basic safety precautions should
always be followed, including the following.
WARNING
Read all instructions before using this sewing computer.
To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock or injury
to persons:
When the sewing computer is not in use, it should be
disconnected from the electricity supply by removing the plug
from the outlet.
DANGER
1. Do not allow to be used as a toy.
Close attention is necessary when the sewing computer is
used by or near children and infirm persons.
2. Use this sewing computer only for its intended use as
described in this manual. Use only attachments recommended
by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. A sewing computer should never be left unattended when
plugged in.
2. Always unplug the sewing computer from the electric outlet
immediately after using and before cleaning.
3. Always unplug before replacing light bulb. Replace the bulb
with the same type rated 12 volts/5 watts.
3. Never operate this sewing computer if
• it has a damaged cord or plug
• it is not working properly
• it has been dropped or damaged
• it has fallen into water
Return the sewing computer to the nearest authorized
BERNINA dealer or service center for examination, repair,
electrical or mechanical adjustment.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:15 Uhr
Seite 3
Safety instructions
4. Never operate the computer with any air openings blocked.
Keep ventilation openings of the sewing computer and foot
control free from accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth.
3
11. Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
12. Do not use outdoors.
5. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is
required around the sewing needle.
13. Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or
where oxygen is being administered.
6. Always use the BERNINA original needle plate. The wrong plate
can cause the needle to break.
14. Before disconnecting, turn all controls to the off («0») position
then remove the plug from the outlet.
7. Do not use bent needles.
15. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord but grasp the plug.
8. Do not pull or push fabric while stitching. It may deflect the
needle causing it to break.
16. No responsibility will be taken for any possible damage as the
result of misuse of the sewing computer.
9. Turn power switch to «0» when making any adjustments
in the needle area, such as threading or changing the needle,
threading the bobbin or changing the presser foot.
10. Always unplug the sewing computer from the electrical outlet
when removing covers, lubricating or when making any other
user servicing adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual.
This sewing computer is intended for household use only.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4
4.12.2002
14:15 Uhr
Seite 4
Details
Details of the sewing computer
14
11
10
15
16
13
9
23
17
18
8
19
20
12
31
7
21
22
6
5
2
3
4
1
24
Front view
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:15 Uhr
Seite 5
Details
5
11
10
14
30
23
25
26
29
28
Right end
27
1 Bobbin cover
2 Stitch plate
3 Attachment base for
special accessories
4 Sewing table socket
5 Presser foot
6 Needle clamp with
fixation screw
7 Thread guide
8 Thread take up cover
9 Thread path
10 Thread tension
adjustment
11 Bobbin pre-tension
12 Reverse button /quick and
continuous
13 Screen
14 Bobbin winder with
on/off switch and thread
cutter
15 Stitch width button
16 Needle position button
17 Stitch length button
18 Needle stop up/down
19 1/2 speed
20 Stitch selection buttons
21 #-button
22 clr/del-button
23 Handwheel
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
FHS connection
Balance adjustment knob
Power switch on/off
Power plug socket
Drop feed-dog
Foot control socket
Spool pin (vertical,
collapsible)
31 Start-stop-unit (optional)
activa 125 (GB)
6
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 6
Details
40
39
32
37
33
34
3
36
4
Back view
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 7
Details
40
32
38
39
35
32 Carrying handle
33 Presser foot lifter
(manual)
34 Thread cutter
35 Thread take up
36 Darning ring connection
37 Accessory box connection
38 Thread tension disc
39 Rear thread guide
40 Horizontal spool pin
33
34
Left end
Sewing computer
with Accessory box
Accessory
box
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
7
activa 125 (GB)
8
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 8
Setting up the sewing computer
Accessories
•
•
•
•
•
foot control
instruction manual
power cable
warranty card
fabric case for standard
accessories
Start-stop-unit**
Standard accessories*:
4 bobbins (+ 1 in the capsule
in the sewing computer)
Selection of 130/705H needles
Seam ripper
Screwdriver
Angle key Torx
Screwdriver Torx
Lint brush
Seam guide
Compensating plate
3 spool discs
Foam pad
B
A
Note:
If the foot control is connected with the sewing machine,
the Start-stop-unit is out
functions.
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Overlock foot No. 2
Buttonhole foot No. 3
Zipper foot No. 4
Blind stitch foot No. 5
* can vary from country to country;
With the Start-stop-unit (SSU)
the start-stop-function can be
controlled by hand.
• press start-stop-button A =
stitching starts
• with the speed regulator B
the sewing speed can be
regulated by hand
• to interrupt or stop sewing =
press start-stop-button A
again
** available as a special accessory
see presser foot selection p. 24
Fabric cover**
• protects from dust and dirt
• compartment for accessories
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 9
Setting up the sewing computer
9
Accessory box**
D
F
A
G
H
E
B
C
Free standing accessory box
• pull both feet out until they click into
place
• stand box in chosen position
•
•
•
Storing accessories
Standard accessories are supplied in a
plastic bag.
The box is equipped with one small and
one large drawer (B and C) as well as compartments for bobbin holders D and presser
feet E. (Additional compartments and
drawers are available as optional extras.)
•
•
push the bobbins into the compartments
provided
to remove a bobbin, press the compartment holder F lightly
insert the presser foot shaft into the
slot E
the snap-on soles can be stored in the big
drawer C
the needle selection box can be stored in
compartment G
Attaching the accessory box to the
sewing computer
• close the doors
• push feet back into position
• attach the box to the sewing computer
(catch A must engage); inserting
the presser foot lifter into the opening H
Note: first lower the presser foot lifter!
Removing the accessory box
• press catch A on the top of the box
• remove box to the rear
** available as a special accessory
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
10
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 10
Setting up the sewing computer
Power cable
Foot control
C
A
Power switch
The power cable
• plug A into sewing computer
• plug B into wall socket
Foot control cable
• plug C into sewing computer
The foot control regulates the
sewing speed
Sewing speed is adjusted by
applying more or less pressure
to the foot control.
Important! (USA/Canada only)
This sewing computer has a
polarized plug (one blade
B wider than the other). To reduce the risk of electric shock,
this plug is intended to fit in a
polarized outlet only one way.
If the plug does not fit fully in
the outlet, reverse the plug.
If it still does not fit, contact a
qualified electrican to install
the proper outlet. Do not
modify the plug in any way.
Important! (USA/Canada only)
Use only foot controller type
SR-1 with the sewing computer
activa 125.
The switch is on the handwheel side of the computer
1 the computer is switched on
0 the computer is switched off
The sewing light is switched on
and off with the power switch.
Refer to the safety instruction!
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Self storing cord
• wind the cord on the reel
• insert the plug into the groove provided
When sewing
• unwind the cable
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 11
Setting up the sewing computer
11
Sewing table*
Increases the sewing surface.
To attach
• raise the needle and presser
foot
• place the table over the free
arm and press firmly so that it
engages on the fixing cam
To remove
• raise the needle and presser
foot
• pull the table out of the
fixing cam
• pull in horizontal position to
the left
Scale
• «0» corresponds to the centre
needle position
Seam guide
• insert into the groove (underside of table) from the right or
left
• it can be freely adjusted over
the whole width of the table
Note: Should the occasion
arise, remove the presser foot
shaft when attaching the
seam guide!
* available as a special accessory
Free-Hand-System (FHS) presser foot lifter* (knee-operated)
Attaching the presser foot
lifter
Insert into the opening in the
base plate: you should be able
to operate the lifter with your
knee in your normal sitting
position.
Note:
Your dealer can adjust it if
necessary.
The presser foot lifter raises
and lowers the presser foot
• push to the right
• the presser foot is raised
• the feed-dog is lowered
simultaneously
• the feed-dog is raised as soon
as the first stitch is sewn
* available as a special accessory
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
12
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 12
Setting up the sewing computer
Winding the bobbin
Winding the bobbin
• turn power switch on
• place empty bobbin on
spindle
•
•
•
•
•
•
following the direction of the arrow take thread through the rear
guide and round the pre-tension stud
wind it several times round the empty bobbin
press the engaging lever against the bobbin
press the foot control
the motor will stop automatically when the bobbin is full
remove the bobbin
Note:
When winding the bobbin
on the vertical spool holder
(p. 15), it may be necessary to
adjust the speed.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Thread cutter
• cut the thread on the thread
cutter
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 13
Setting up the sewing computer
13
Bobbin case
A
To remove the bobbin case
• raise the needle
• turn power switch to «0»
• open the bobbin cover
• grasp the latch of the bobbin
case
• remove case
To insert the bobbin case
hold the bobbin case latch
• the finger on the case should
point upwards
• insert so that it clicks into
place
•
Bobbin thread cutter
insert the bobbin case
• take the thread over cutter A
• thread is cut
• close the bobbin cover
•
Note:
The bobbin thread does not
have to be brought up as
the loose end is just the right
length to start sewing.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Refer to the safety instruction!
activa 125 (GB)
14
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 14
Setting up the sewing computer
Inserting the bobbin
Insert the bobbin
Insert the bobbin so that the
thread runs clockwise.
Pull the thread counter clockwise into the slot.
Pull the thread to the left
under the spring until ...
... it lies in the T-shaped slit at
the end of the spring.
The bobbin must turn clockwise when thread is pulled.
Changing the needle
Removing the needle
raise the needle
• turn power switch to 0
• lower the presser foot
• loosen the needle clamp screw
• pull the needle down to remove
•
Inserting the needle
• flat side of needle to the back
• insert the needle as far as it will go
• tighten the needle clamp screw
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Refer to the safety instruction!
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 15
Setting up the sewing computer
15
Changing the presser foot
3
Changing the presser foot
sole
• raise the needle and the
presser foot shaft
• turn power switch to «0»
• press the button on the shaft
to release the sole
Attaching the presser foot
sole
• place the presser foot sole
under the shaft so that the
peg sits under the opening of
the shaft
Refer to the safety
instruction!
•
lower the presser foot lifter
and the foot sole will click
into position
Supplementary spool pin
Collapsible vertical spool pin
found on the back of the sewing computer
behind the handwheel
• essential aid for sewing with more than one thread, i.e. double
needle work
• raise the pin until it clicks into its vertical position
• when using large reels, add the foam pad A for stability
•
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
A
activa 125 (GB)
16
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 16
Setting up the sewing computer
Threading the upper thread
C
C
A
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
C
raise the needle and presser foot
turn the power switch to 0
place spool on pin and attach the appropriate
spool disc (diameter of spool = disc size)
take thread through rear guide A
then into slit of upper thread tension
pull thread down to the right of the take-up cover to B
then up to the left of the cover to C
and down through guides D and E
D
B
E
Refer to the safety instruction!
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
D
E
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 17
Setting up the sewing computer
17
Bringing up the lower thread
•
•
•
•
•
hold the upper thread
sew one stitch
pull the upper thread until the bobbin thread appears
in the stitch plate hole
pull bobbin thread out of the hole and insert both
threads through the slit in the presser foot towards the back
pull threads over the cutter
Thread cutter
•
•
pull both threads from front to back over the
cutter
the threads release as soon as the first stitch is
sewn
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Note:
The bobbin thread must be
brought up through the stitch
plate for certain types of
work. The length of thread
is sufficient for most normal
work if the lower thread
cutter has been used.
activa 125 (GB)
18
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 18
Setting up the sewing computer
Stitch plate
5/8
1
20
1/4
10
1/4
5/8
10
1
20
Stitch plate markings
• the stitch plate is marked with seam guide lines in mm and inches
• the millimetre markings are at the front
• the inch markings are at the back
• the measurements show the distance (with needle position centre) from
needle to line
• lines are provided to the right and left of the needle
• they are very useful guide lines for precise seaming
• the horizontal lines are useful for sewing corners, etc.
Feed-dog
Button below the handwheel
Button flush with housing =
sewing position
Button depressed = feed-dog is lowered
• for free-hand sewing (darning, embroidery, etc.)
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 19
Setting up the sewing computer
19
Thread tension
3
A
5
The basic setting
• is indicated when the red line on the tension
adjustment wheel is in line with the marking A
• the tension does not need adjusting for normal
sewing work
• for special sewing work, the tension can be
adjusted to suit the fabric
The tension is factory set for the best results.
Metrosene 100/2 (Arova Mettler, Switzerland)
is used to set both the upper and lower thread
tension.
If other sewing or embroidery threads are used,
the tension may need adjusting to suit the fabric
and chosen stitch.
For example:
To reduce the tension
turn to between 3 and 1
To increase the tension
turn to between 5 and 10
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Tension
Needle
Metallic thread
approx. 3
90
Monofilament
approx. 2– 4
80
activa 125 (GB)
20
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 20
Operating instructions
General instructions
Main switch to 1
• the sewing sewing computer is ready to sew
0
1
2
3
4
5
5
5.5
1
4
3
3
4
2
1
5
6
0
2
The screen shows
1 stitch width basic setting blinks constantly
2 stitch length basic setting blinks constantly
3 needle position (9 positions)
4 needle stop up/down (generally up)
5 stitch number 1 (straight stitch)
6 presser foot number 1 indicator (recommended foot
for selected stitch)
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 21
Operating instructions
1
2
3
4
5
6
Stitch* selection
• stitches 1–10:
touch the number of your choice; stitch number and basic width and
length settings appear
Note: touch 0 to select stitch number 10 (standard buttonhole)
• stitches 11–20:
touch #-button and the appropriate number
* see p. 25 for the complete stitch selection
7
8
#
9
clr
del
0
Stitch width
• left button = narrow the stitch width
• right button = widen the stitch width
• the basic settings of the chosen stitch blink constantly
Needle position
• left button = needle to the left
• right button = needle to the right
Stitch length
• left button = shorten the stitch length
• right button = increase the stitch length
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
21
activa 125 (GB)
22
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 22
Operating instructions
Functions
Functions are ...
activated when the symbol appears on the screen.
deactivated when the symbols no longer appear on the screen.
Reverse sewing
quick reverse:
• press button
• Sewing computer sews reverse until button
is released (max. stitch length 3 mm)
Applications:
• programming buttonholes
• programming darning program
• switch to straight stitch securing program
(stitch no. 5)
• manual securing (seam begin and end)
continous reverse:
• press button quickly twice
• the sewing computer sews the chosen stitch
in reverse
• press button once again to cancel
1/2 speed
• press the button and the sewing speed will be
halved
• press the button again to revert to full speed
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Needle stop
• basic setting needle stop up
• press button
• arrow points down = sewing computer stops
with needle down
• press button again
• arrow points up = sewing computer stops
with needle up
Note: Press key a bit longer = the needle will go
automatically up or down.
#-button
Stitch selection button (see p. 21)
clr/del (clear/delete)
• press button = reverts to basic settings
• other selected functions are cleared
Exceptions:
• needle stop down
• 1/2 speed
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 23
Operating instructions
23
Balance
Your sewing computer has
been tested and factory set
using a double layer of
cretonne fabric and Metrosene
100/2 threads (Arova Mettler,
Switzerland).
Different fabrics, threads and
stabilisers can naturally affect
the stitch balance so that they
are sewn too close together or
not close enough.
Applications:
Practical stitches, e.g.
Honeycomb stitch on jersey,
decorative stitches, fantasy stitches, letters, buttonholes, etc.
This can be remedied with
Balance to suit the fabric and
produce perfect results.
Note:
If the balance has been
adjusted, return it to the
normal setting once sewing
is completed.
Normal position
Denser stitch formation
(shorter stitch length)
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Finer stitch formation
(longer stitch length)
activa 125 (GB)
24
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 24
Presser feet
Presser foot selection (snap-on system)
1
2
Presser foot shaft
for snap-on soles
1
Reverse pattern sole
Practical stitches
Decorative stitches
2
Overlock sole
Vari-overlock seam
Vari-overlock hem
Oversewing seam edges
5
4
3
3
Buttonhole sole
Buttonholes
4
Zip sole
Sewing in zips
Sewing close along raised seam
5
Blind stitch sole
Blind hemming
Edge stitching
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 25
Stiches
Stitches
activa 125
Practical and decorative
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Straight stitch
Zig-zag
Vari-overlock
Running stitch
Securing stitch
Triple straight and zig-zag
Blind stitch
Double overlock
Super stretch stitch
Standard buttonhole
Darning program
Gathering stitch
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
#
clr
del
0
Quilting- and Decorative stitches
13–15 Quilting stitches
16–20 Decorative stitches
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
25
activa 125 (GB)
26
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 26
Stitches
Stitch selection
1
4
7
2
5
1 Straight stitch
All non-stretch fabrics. All straight stitch work
2 Zig-zag
Most fabric types; all simple zig-zag such as oversewing fine
fabrics. Sewing on elastic and lace
3 Vari-overlock
Primarily for fine jerseys, stretch overlock seams and hems
4 Running stitch
Most types of fabric. Mending, patching, reinforcing seams
5 Securing stitch
All types of fabric. Secures the beginning and end of seams sewn
with straight stitch
6 Triple straight and
triple zig-zag
Reinforced seams in tough, heavy fabrics
7 Blind stitch
Most types of fabric; blind hems, shell edging on soft jerseys and
fine fabrics, decorative seams
8 Double overlock
All types of knit; Overlock = sew and neaten in one operation
9 Super stretch
Open seam for all super-stretch fabrics
3
6
8
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 27
Stitches
10 Standard buttonhole
Fine to medium weight woven fabrics; blouses, shirts, trousers,
bedlinens, etc.
11 Darning program
Automatic darning for fine and medium weight fabrics
12 Gathering stitch
Most types of fabric.
Gahering with shirring elastic.
Butted seams = butting two pressed edges and sewing together.
10
11
12
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
27
activa 125 (GB)
28
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 28
Selected practical stitches: Straight stitch
Straight stitch
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
0
1
2
3
4
5
5.5
5
4
3
2
1
0
Straight stitch No. 1
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton/polyester
up (sewing position)
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Straight stitch (A)
The sewing computer is ready to sew as soon as you switch on
The screen shows
• Stitch No. 1
• Presser foot No. 1
• basic setting (length and width) for straight stitch
• basic setting bliks contstantly
Altering the stitch length (B)
You can alter the length while you sew:
shorter
longer
Change the needle position (C)
4 positions to the left
4 positions to the right
Securing with the reverse button
• press the button and the sewing computer sews in reverse
• release the button and the sewing computer sews forward
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
A
B
C
A Straight stitch with
length of 2,25 mm
preset length
B Straight stitch with
altered length
C Straight stitch with
altered needle positions
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 29
Selected practical stitches: Straight stitch with securing program
Securing program
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Securing program No. 5
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton/polyester
up (sewing position)
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Securing program
for all fabrics
• secures seam begin and end
• sews exactly over the previous stitches
•
Seam begin
• sewing computer secures automatically (5 stitches forwards,
5 reverse)
• continues sewing straight stitch forwards
Seam end
• press the reverse button = sewing computer secures
automatically (5 stitches reverse, 5 forwards)
• stops automatically when securing is complete
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
29
activa 125 (GB)
30
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 30
Selected practical stitches: Zig-zag stitch
Zig-zag stitch
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Zig-zag No. 2
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Zig-zag stitch
for all fabrics
for neatening edges
for decorative work
Satin stitch
dense (shorter) zig-zag stitch = filled in zig-zag
• adjust the stitch width as you sew for new effects
•
Oversewing edges (C)
• guide edge of fabric under the center of the presser foot
• needle goes into fabric on one strike and over the edge of the
fabric on the next stroke
• do not select too wide a width or too long a stitch – the edge
should lie flat and not roll
• use darning thread for fine fabrics
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
A
B
C
A Zig-zag stitch with altered
stitch width
B Zig-zag stitch with altered
stitch length
C Fabric edges finished with
zig-zag stitch
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 31
Selected practical stitches: Blind hem
31
Blind hem
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Blind hem No. 7
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Blind stitch foot No. 5
Blind hem
for «invisible» hems in medium to heavy cotton, wool
and blended fabrics
Preparation
neaten raw edges
• prepare seam as for sewing by hand
• place work under the presser foot (see drawing)
•
Sewing
• the needle should just pierce
the edge of the fold (same as
hand sewing)
• adjust the stitch width to suit
the fabric
• after sewing about 10 cm
(4"), check both sides of
fabric and adjust width again
if necessary
Wrong side
of fabric
TIP
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Fine stitch width adjustment
Guide the folded edge evenly
along the metal guide on the
foot = even depth
activa 125 (GB)
32
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 32
Selected practical stitches: Darning
Darning program
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Darning Program No. 11
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
darning thread
up (sewing position)
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Quick darning of holes or worn areas
Replacement of damaged fibres/threads
Darning with Reverse pattern foot No. 1 (auto stitch counter)
• insert needle in top left of damaged area
• sew the first length and stop the sewing computer
• press the securing button: length is programmed
• complete the darn; the sewing computer stops automatically
• clear the programme by pressing the «clr/del»-button
Large areas:
• the darning area can be extended by moving the work
under the foot
TIP
Reinforcement
use fine fabric or interlining as
a backing
Preparation
stretch fabric into darning
ring* prevents puckering
*The darning ring is available
as special accessory
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 33
Selected practical stitches: Zippers
33
Zippers
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Needle position:
Straight stitch No. 1
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Zipper foot No. 4
far right or far left
Preparation:
• baste in zipper
• fabric edges should meet over the center of the zipper
Sewing
• sew in the zipper, each side from bottom to top
• once with needle position far right and once with
needle position far left
• the edge of the foot runs along the teeth of the zip
• the needle inserts close to the teeth
TIP
To sew around zipper pull
• close zipper and sew up to
about 5 cm (2") away from
the pull
• insert needle, raise the
presser foot, open the zipper,
lower the foot and continue
to sew
Seam begin
hold thread firmly when
starting to sew = pull fabric
slightly to the back (fewer
stitches)
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Zipper or fabric is thick or
densely woven
use a 90–100 needle for even
stitch formation
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 34
Selected practical stitches: Buttonholes
34
Manual buttonhole
Buttonholes are not only practical closures, they can also be
used to decorative effect
Select the buttonhole stitch
No. 10; the following appears
on the screen:
0
1
2
3
4
5
Thread tension
thread the bobbin thread through the finger of the bobbin case
= the bobbin tension is a little tighter
• this gives the beads on the right side of the fabric a slightly
rounded appearance
• the buttonhole looks more attractive
• gimp reinforces buttonholes and enhances their appearance
(pages 36, 37)
•
5
5.5
4
3
2
1
1
3
0
2
1 Buttonhole number
2 Buttonhole symbol (blinks)
3 Presser foot number
Mark the length of
buttonholes
• mark the buttonhole length in
the appropriate position
Test sewing
• always test sew on the fabric and stabilizer you intend to use
• sew the buttonhole in the same direction on the fabric (with or
against the grain)
• cut the buttonhole open
• push the button through and adjust the buttonhole length if
necessary
Corrections
• to adjust the bead width = alter the stitch width
• any alterations to the stitch length affect both beads (denser or
less dense)
Note:
When all buttonholes have
been sewn, return balance to
the normal setting.
Balance
Any balance alterations to the 6-step manual buttonhole
affects both beads identically because they are sewn in the
same direction.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 35
Selected practical stitches: Buttonholes
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Buttonhole No. 10
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Buttonhole foot No. 3
Preparation
• select the buttonhole (stitch No. 10)
• screen shows the buttonhole number (10), the presser foot No. 3
and the buttonhole symbol (the first step blinks)
• insert the lower thread in the finger of the bobbin
case (see p. 34)
Sewing a manual standard buttonhole
Both beads are sewn in the same direction.
The individual steps blink on the screen.
1
1 sew the first bead forward, stop the sewing computer
• press the reverse button
2 sew reverse straight stitch, stop the sewing computer at the
first stitch (buttonhole begin)
• press the reverse button
3 sew the bartack and the second bead, stop the sewing
computer
• press the reverse button
4 sew the bartack and the securing stitches
2
3
4
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
35
activa 125 (GB)
36
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 36
Selected practical stitches: Buttonholes
Buttonhole with gimp
Gimp
• gimp cord reinforces buttonholes and enhances their
appearance
• the loop of the cord should
be at the end of the buttonhole most subject to wear
cord loop = where button is
sewn on
• position the work accordingly
Ideal cords
• Perle yarn No. 8
• strong hand sewing thread
• fine crochet yarn
Hooking the cord onto presser
foot No. 3
• insert the needle at the
beginning of the buttonhole
• raise the presser foot
• hook the cord over the centre
pin on the front of the foot
•
•
place both ends of the cord
in the grooves on the sole of
the foot and pull them to the
back
lower the presser foot
Sewing
• sew the buttonhole in the
usual manner
• do not hold the cord tightly
• the buttonhole will form over
the cord, covering it
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 37
Selected practical stitches: Buttonholes
Securing the cord
• pull the cord through the
buttonhole
• pull cords through to back of
fabric
• knot or secure with stitches
Cutting buttonholes open
with the seam ripper
• use the back of the seam
ripper to nick the stitches
• cut from both ends towards
the middle
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
37
Buttonhole cutter and block
(special accessory)
• place the fabric on the wood
• place the cutter in the centre
of the buttonhole
• press down on the cutter
with your hand or a hammer
activa 125 (GB)
38
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 38
Selected practical stitches: Handlook quilt stitch
Handlook quilt stitch
Stitch:
Needle:
Upper thread:
Bobbin thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Quilt stitch No. 13
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
monofilament
30/2 cotton thread
up (sewing position)
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Quilt/hand stitch
for all fabrics and all types of work which should have a handsewn look
Sewing test
the bobbin thread must come through to the right side:
1 stitch is visible
1 stitch is invisible (monofilament) = hand stitched effect
Upper thread tension
depending on the fabric = increase the tension (6–9)
Balance
adjust if necessary
Sewing
Quilt stitch can be sewn with any needle position
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
TIP
Perfect corners
activate needle-stop down
and then turn work
•
Monofilament breaks
• sew more slowly
• reduce upper thread tension
slightly
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 39
Selected practical stitches: Overlock seams
39
Vari-overlock seam
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Vari-overlock No. 3
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Overlock foot No. 2 or
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Overlock foot No. 2 is specially designed for overlock stitches.
The pin on the foot produces more thread in each stitch so that
the elasticity of the seam is maintained.
Closed seam
Stretchy seam in fine, soft knits such as silk jersey and interlock.
Sewing
• guide the raw edge along the pin on the overlock foot
• the stitch will form over the pin and over the edge of the fabric
TIP
Knits and jersey
use a new needle to prevent
damaging the loops
Sewing stretch fabrics
if necessary use a stretch
needle (130/705H-S) = needle
point slides between the fibers
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
40
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 40
Selected practical stitches: Overlock seams
Double overlock seam
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Double overlock No. 8
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Overlock foot No. 2 or
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Overlock foot No. 2 is specially designed for overlock stitches.
The pin on the foot produces more thread in each stitch so that
the elasticity of the seam is maintained.
Closed seam
overlock seam in loose knits and cross seams in knits and jerseys
Sewing
• guide the raw edge along the pin on the overlock foot
• the stitch will form over the pin and over the edge of the fabric
TIP
Knits and jersey
use a new needle to prevent
damaging the loops
Sewing stretch fabrics
if necessary use a stretch
needle (130/705H-S) = needle
point slides between the fibers
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 41
Selected practical stitches: Overlock seams
41
Ribbing with overlock seam
Stitch:
Needle:
Thread:
Feed-dog:
Presser foot:
Vari-overlock No. 3
size and type suitable for the fabric selected (see p. 42)
cotton or polyester
up (sewing position)
Overlock foot No. 2 or
Reverse pattern foot No. 1
Overlock foot No. 2 is specially designed for overlock stitches.
The pin on the foot produces more thread in each stitch so that
the elasticity of the seam is maintained.
Back view
Ribbing with overlock seam
for all fine cotton, synthetic and mixed fiber jersey
Preparation
• fold ribbing in half
• pin and baste to opening, right side outside
Sewing
• sew Vari-overlock over the raw edge
• guide the edge along the pin on the foot
Front view
TIP
Needle stop down
needle stays in fabric when
you stop to adjust the ribbing
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 42
42
Important facts about sewing computer needles
Sewing computer, needle and thread
Your BERNINA uses needle system 130/705H.
Needle and thread
The most commonly sold needles are nos. 70 –120.
The finer the needle, the lower the number. The table shows
which needle is suitable for which threads.
Needle
70
80
90
Darning thread
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Embroidery thread
Mercerised
cotton thread
Synthetic thread
Thick threads,
synthetic mercerised
thread
Buttonhole thread
for decorative
seams (cordonnet)
•
100
110 –120
Needle appropriate for thread
When sewing, the thread
runs in the long groove on the
needle.
•
•
•
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Needle inappropriate
for thread
If the needle is too fine, the
groove will be too narrow for
the thread and faulty stitching
or thread breakage can occur.
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 43
Needles, Threads
Needle and fabric
Condition of needle
The needle must be in perfect condition.
Problems can occur with damaged needles.
bent needle
blunt needle
hooked needle
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
43
activa 125 (GB)
44
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 44
Needles
Special materials are easier to sew if the appropriate needle is used.
Special needles are available at your BERNINA dealer.
Needle table
Description
Needle point
Suitable for
Standard
needle
130/705 H
Normal point,
slightly
rounded
Universal needle for woven, needle synthetic and
natural fibers, e.g. linen, chiffon, batiste, organdie,
wool, satin, decorative stitching, embroidery
Special
needles
130/705-SES
Fine ball point
Fine knits, especially for synthetic fibers
130/705 H-SUK Medium ball
point
Heavier knits in synthetic or natural fibers
130/705 H-S
Medium ball
point
Special needle for delicate or difficult stretch fabrics
130/705 H-J
Extra fine point
Overalls, heavy linen, denim, canvas. Pierces dense
fabrics easily
130/705
H-LR + H-LL
Cutting point
Natural and synthetic leather, plastic, coated and
waxed fabric
Double needle
130/705 H
ZWI
Widths:
1,6 / 2,0 / 2,5
3,0 / 4,0
Visible hems in stretch fabrics, pintucks, decorative
sewing
Triple needle
130/705 H
DRI
Widths:
2,5 / 3,0
Decorative sewing
Hemstitch
needle
130/705 H
HO
Width:
2,0
Hemstitch in loose weaves
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 45
Needle, thread, fabric feed
Feed-dog and fabric feed
Feed-dog and stitch length
With each stitch the feed-dog moves forward by one step.
The length of this step is determined by the stitch length selected.
With an extremely short stitch length, the steps are also short.
The fabric moves under the foot quite slowly, even at full sewing
speed. Buttonholes, satin stitch and decorative stitches are all
sewn with a very short stitch length.
Important
Let the fabric feed evenly!
Pulling or pushing will result in
gaps.
Holding back will result in
knots.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
45
activa 125 (GB)
46
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 46
Needle, thread, fabric feed
Feed-dog and fabric feed with compensating plates
The feed-dog can work
normally when the foot is level.
If the foot is at an angle, e.g.
when sewing over thick to thin
or vice-versa, the feed-dog
cannot grip and feed the fabric
and the fabric hangs up.
Uneven layers
To solve this problem, place
one, two or three compensating plates as required behind
the needle under the presser
foot.
To correct the height in front of
the foot, place one or more
plates to the right of the foot
close to the needle. Sew until the
foot is level again and remove
the plates.
Thick fabrics: feed-dog and sewing corners
The gap between the two rows
of teeth is relatively large due
to the width of the stitch plate
hole.
When sewing corners only a
small section of the fabric is
actually on the feed-dog so
that it cannot grip the fabric
well.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Correct this by placing one
or more compensating
plates as close as possible
to the edge of the fabric.
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 47
Cleaning and maintenance
47
Cleaning
If the sewing computer is stored in a cold room, it should be brought to a
warm room about one hour before use.
Cleaning
Clean the sewing computer after every use
• turn power switch to 0
• remove presser foot and needle
• open the free-arm cover
• unscrew the stitch plate (with screwdriver
TORX)
• lift and remove it
• clean the area with the brush
• replace the stitch plate
Cleaning the screen and the sewing computer
• wipe with a damp cloth
Cleaning the hook
• turn power switch to 0
• remove the bobbin case
• push the release lever to the left
• push the locking lever to the left and fold
down the hook race cover
• remove the hook
• clean the hook race with a cloth or brush,
never use a sharp instrument
• replace the hook, turning the handwheel if
necessary so that the hook driver is on the left
• close the hook race cover and secure with the
locking lever, the locking pin must engage
• check by turning the handwheel
• insert the bobbin case
Lubricating
This sewing computer is equipped with a
LM (low mass) hook system which requires no
lubrication.
If however you do lubricate any parts, always
run the sewing computer immediately afterwards
on scrap material to avoid soiling your work.
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
CAUTION
Disconnect plug
from the socket
before cleaning
and servicing
Important!
Never use alcohol, petrol, white spirit or any
type of solvent to clean the sewing computer!
Refer to the safety instruction!
activa 125 (GB)
48
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 48
Cleaning and maintenance
Sewing light
CAUTION
Disconnect plug
from the socket
before cleaning
and servicing
Note:
Use bulb type
12 V 5 W.
W 2.1 x 9.5 d.
Replacing the bulb
• turn power switch to «0»
• loosen the screw
•
remove the cover by lifting it
slightliy and detaching from
the top
•
•
•
remove the bulb
insert the new bulb
replace cover and tighten
screw
Light bulbs get hot.
Allow to cool down before
removal.
Refer to the safety
instruction!
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 49
Faults
49
Trouble shooting
In most cases you will be able to identify and remedy faults by
checking the following.
Check whether:
the upper and lower threads are threaded correctly
• the needle is inserted correctly
• the needle size is correct – check the needle/thread table p. 42
• the sewing computer is clean – brush out any thread fluff
• the hook race is clean
• any threads are trapped between the tension discs or under the
bobbin case spring
• the bobbin runs smoothly in the case or if remnants or lint need
removing
•
Upper thread breaks
• The upper thread tension is
too tight.
• The needles are of a poor
quality. Ideally needles should
be purchased from your
BERNINA dealer.
• The needle is bent or blunt.
• Poor quality, knotted or dried
out thread has been used.
• Use the correct spool disc.
• Stitch plate or hook tip
damaged. Take your sewing
computer to your BERNINA
dealer.
Lower thread breaks
• The lower thread tension is
too tight.
• The bobbin is jamming in the
bobbin case. Remove and
replace the bobbin.
• The hole in the stitch plate
has been damaged by the
needle. This must be
repolished by an expert.
• The needle is blunt or bent.
Skipped stitches
• Wrong needles used. Use only
130/705H system.
• The needle is blunt, bent or
incorrectly inserted.
• Push right to the top when
inserting.
• Needle inserted all the way to
the top.
• The needle point does not suit
the fabric being sewn. If
necessary use a ball point for
knitted fabrics and cutting
point for hard leather.
Needle breaks
• Needle clamp screw loose.
• Fabric taken out in front
instead of behind presser foot.
• When sewing over thick area,
the fabric was pushed with
the needle still in the fabric.
• Poor quality thread, unevenly
wound or knotted.
• See pages 42–44 for information about needles
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
Faulty stitching
• Remnants of thread between
the tension discs.
• Remnants of thread under the
bobbin case spring.
• Lower thread still threaded in
the bobbin case finger.
• Sewing computer threaded
with foot down.
• Incorrect threading. Check
upper and lower threads.
• Use the correct spool disc.
Sewing computer fails to run
or runs slowly
• Plug not properly inserted.
• Power switch in off position.
• Sewing computer has been
standing in a cold room.
• Bobbin winder still switched
on.
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 50
50
Index
A
F
M
Accessory box 9
Fabric feed, Needles, Threads 42–46
Feed-dog 18, 45
Foot control 10
Functions 22
• #-button
• 1/2 speed
• clr/del (clear/delete)
• Needle stop
• Reverse sewing
Maintenance 47, 48
Manual buttonhole 34
B
Balance 23, 34
Blind hem 31
Bobbin 12
Bobbin case 13
Bobbin thread cutter 13
Bringing up the lower thread 17
Buttonholes 34– 37
• Buttonhole with gimp
36
• Manual buttonhole
34
C
Changing the needle 14
Changing the presser foot 15
Cleaning 47, 48
Compensating plates 46
D
Darning program 32
Details of the sewing computer 4 –7
Double overlock seam 40
H
Handlook quilt stitch 38
N
Needle position 21
Needles, Threads, Fabric feed 42–46
O
Overlock seam 41
K
Knits and jersey 39 –41
P
Power cable 10
Presser feet 24
• Blind stitch foot No. 5
• Buttonhole foot No. 3
• Overlock foot No. 2
• Reverse pattern foot No. 1
• Zipper foot No. 4
Presser foot lifter 11
L
lower thread 17
Q
Quilt stitch 38
I
Inserting the bobbin 14
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
14:16 Uhr
Seite 51
Index
R
T
Ribbing with overlock seam 41
Reverse sewing 22
Threads, Fabric feed, Needles 42–46
Thread cutter 12, 17
Thread tension 19
Threading the upper thread 16
Trouble shooting 49
S
Screen shows 20
Seam guide 11
Securing program 29
Selected practical stitches 28–41
Sewing light 48
Sewing computer needles 42
Spool pin 15
Standard accessories 8
Standard buttonhole 35
Stitch length 21
Stitch plate 18
Stitch width 21
Stitch selection 21
Straight stitch 28
Stretch fabrics 39, 40, 41
Supplementary spool pin 15
U
Upper thread 16
V
Vari-overlock seam 39
W
Winding the bobbin 12
Z
Zig-Zag stitch 30
Zippers 33
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
51
activa 125 (GB)
4.12.2002
52
Contents
4
Details
14:16 Uhr
Seite 52
10
Setting up the sewing computer
20
Operating instructions
24
Presser feet
25
Stitches
28
• Straight stitch
29
• Securing program
30
• Zig-zag stitch
31
• Blind hem
32
• Darning program
33
• Zippers
34
• Buttonholes
38
• Handlook quilt stitch
39
• Overlock
42
Needle, Thread, Fabric Feed
Impressum
Typesetting, Layout, DTP: Silvia Bartholdi
Graphics: Müller-Melzer ID, Kreuzlingen
47
Cleaning, Maintenance, Troubleshooting
© copyright 2001 by Fritz Gegauf AG, Steckborn
50
Index
030595.50.04_0201_a125_EN
02/01 GB-USA 030 595 50 04
Selected practical stitches: