Allied Telesis | AT-8100S/16F8-LC | Installation guide | Allied Telesis AT-8100S/16F8-LC Installation guide

8100S Series
Fast Ethernet Switches
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

AT-8100S/24C
AT-8100S/24
AT-8100S/24POE
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
AT-8100S/24F-LC
Stack Installation Guide
613-001478 Rev. D
Copyright  2012 Allied Telesis, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesis, Inc.
Allied Telesis and the Allied Telesis logo are trademarks of Allied Telesis, Incorporated. All other product names, company names,
logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Allied Telesis, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior
written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesis, Inc. be liable for
any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related
to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesis, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the
possibility of such damages.
Electrical Safety and Emissions Standards
This product meets the following standards.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Radiated Energy
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15
of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with this instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Note: Modifications or changes not expressly approved of by the manufacturer or the FCC, can void your right to operate
this equipment.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
RFI Emissions
FCC Class A, EN55022 Class A, EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, VCCI
Class A, C-TICK, CE
Warning: In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in
which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
EMC (Immunity)
EN55024
Electrical Safety
EN60950-1 (TUV), UL 60950-1 (CULUS)
Laser Safety
EN60825
3
Translated Safety Statements
Important: The  indicates that translations of the safety statement are available in the PDF
document “Translated Safety Statements” posted on the Allied Telesis website at
www.alliedtelesis.com.
4
Contents
Preface .............................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Document Conventions .......................................................................................................................................................14
Contacting Allied Telesis .....................................................................................................................................................15
Chapter 1: Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 17
Features ..............................................................................................................................................................................18
8100S Models ..............................................................................................................................................................18
10/100 Mbps Twisted Pair Ports ..................................................................................................................................18
Fiber Optic Ports ..........................................................................................................................................................18
Power over Ethernet.....................................................................................................................................................18
10/100/1000 Mbps Twisted Pair Ports .........................................................................................................................19
SFP Slots .....................................................................................................................................................................19
Stacking Ports ..............................................................................................................................................................19
LEDs.............................................................................................................................................................................20
MAC Address Table .....................................................................................................................................................20
Installation Option.........................................................................................................................................................20
Management Software and Interfaces .........................................................................................................................20
Management Methods..................................................................................................................................................20
Fanless Models ............................................................................................................................................................20
8100S Twisted Pair Series Switches ...................................................................................................................................21
Front Panels .................................................................................................................................................................22
Front Panel Components .............................................................................................................................................22
8100S Fiber Optic Series Switches .....................................................................................................................................23
Hardware Features.......................................................................................................................................................23
Front Panels .................................................................................................................................................................24
Fiber Optic Ports ..........................................................................................................................................................25
Back Panel Components .....................................................................................................................................................26
Management Panel .............................................................................................................................................................27
Model Naming Conventions.................................................................................................................................................28
10/100Base-TX Twisted Pair Ports......................................................................................................................................30
Speed ...........................................................................................................................................................................30
Duplex Mode ................................................................................................................................................................30
Wiring Configuration .....................................................................................................................................................30
Maximum Distance .......................................................................................................................................................31
Power Over Ethernet ....................................................................................................................................................31
Cable Requirements.....................................................................................................................................................31
Port Pinouts ..................................................................................................................................................................31
10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Ports ...............................................................................................................................32
Speed ...........................................................................................................................................................................32
Duplex Mode ................................................................................................................................................................32
Wiring Configuration .....................................................................................................................................................32
Maximum Distance .......................................................................................................................................................33
Power Over Ethernet ....................................................................................................................................................33
Cable Requirements.....................................................................................................................................................33
Port Pinouts ..................................................................................................................................................................33
SFP Slots.............................................................................................................................................................................34
Power Over Ethernet ...........................................................................................................................................................35
PoE Standards .............................................................................................................................................................35
Powered Device Classes .............................................................................................................................................35
5
Contents
Power Budget .............................................................................................................................................................. 36
Port Prioritization ......................................................................................................................................................... 37
Wiring Implementation ................................................................................................................................................. 38
S1 and S2 Stacking Ports ................................................................................................................................................... 39
eco-friendly Button .............................................................................................................................................................. 40
LEDs ................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
10/100Base-TX Twisted Pair Port LEDs...................................................................................................................... 41
10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Port LEDs ............................................................................................................... 42
100Base-FX Port LEDs ............................................................................................................................................... 43
SFP Slot LED .............................................................................................................................................................. 44
S1 and S2 Stack Ports LEDs....................................................................................................................................... 45
Stack ID LED ............................................................................................................................................................... 46
Console Port ....................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Power Supplies ................................................................................................................................................................... 48
Power Connectors .............................................................................................................................................................. 49
Chapter 2: Stacking Overview ........................................................................................................................................ 51
Stacking Guidelines ............................................................................................................................................................ 52
Master Switch ..................................................................................................................................................................... 54
Stacking Port Topologies .................................................................................................................................................... 55
Active Boot Configuration File............................................................................................................................................. 57
Initialization Process ........................................................................................................................................................... 59
Chapter 3: Beginning the Installation ............................................................................................................................ 61
Installation Overview........................................................................................................................................................... 62
Reviewing Safety Precautions ............................................................................................................................................ 63
Planning the Installation...................................................................................................................................................... 67
Choosing the Switches of the Stack ............................................................................................................................ 67
Choosing a Site ........................................................................................................................................................... 68
Unpacking the Switch ......................................................................................................................................................... 69
8100S Series Switches................................................................................................................................................ 69
AT-8100S/24C Switch ................................................................................................................................................. 70
Chapter 4: Installing and Labeling the Switches in an Equipment Rack .................................................................... 71
Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack .................................................................................................................... 72
Labeling the Switches ......................................................................................................................................................... 77
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports .......................................................... 79
Powering on a Switch ......................................................................................................................................................... 80
Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers....................................................................................................................... 82
Starting a Local Management Session ........................................................................................................................ 82
Starting a Telnet Management Session....................................................................................................................... 83
Changing the Stack ID Number ................................................................................................................................... 85
Cabling the Stacking Ports.................................................................................................................................................. 87
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack ......................................................................................................... 91
Powering on AC Switches................................................................................................................................................... 92
Monitoring the Initialization Processes ........................................................................................................................ 93
Powering On DC Switches.................................................................................................................................................. 97
Verifying the Installation.................................................................................................................................................... 101
Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports ......................................................................................................................... 103
Cabling the Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Ports ................................................................................................................ 104
Twisted Pair Ports ..................................................................................................................................................... 104
Fiber Optic Ports........................................................................................................................................................ 105
General Guidelines .................................................................................................................................................... 105
Installing Optional SFP Transceivers................................................................................................................................ 106
Managing the Stack .......................................................................................................................................................... 110
Local Management .................................................................................................................................................... 110
Telnet Management................................................................................................................................................... 110
Secure Shell Management ........................................................................................................................................ 111
Web Browser Management ....................................................................................................................................... 112
6
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
SNMP .........................................................................................................................................................................112
Specifying Ports in the Command Line Interface for Switches in a Stack ..................................................................112
Chapter 8: Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................................................... 115
Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches .................................................................................................................. 119
Removing or Replacing the Master Switch........................................................................................................................120
Uploading the Active Configuration File .....................................................................................................................121
Removing the Current Master Switch.........................................................................................................................122
Configuring the New Master Switch ...........................................................................................................................125
Connecting the New Master Switch to the Stack........................................................................................................127
Adding a New Member Switch...........................................................................................................................................128
Removing a Member Switch..............................................................................................................................................130
Appendix A: Technical Specifications ......................................................................................................................... 131
Physical Specifications ......................................................................................................................................................131
Environmental Specifications.............................................................................................................................................132
Power Specifications .........................................................................................................................................................132
Certifications ......................................................................................................................................................................133
Quality and Reliability ........................................................................................................................................................133
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Pinouts........................................................................................................................................134
Fiber Optic Port Specifications ..........................................................................................................................................135
RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pinouts ...........................................................................................................................137
Stacking Port Pinouts ........................................................................................................................................................137
7
Contents
8
Figures
Figure 1: 8100S Series Switches..........................................................................................................................................22
Figure 2: Front Panel Components on the 8100S Twisted Pair Switches ............................................................................22
Figure 3: Front Panels of the 8100S Fiber Optic Series .......................................................................................................24
Figure 4: Front Panels of the 8100S Fiber Optic Series (Continued) ...................................................................................25
Figure 5: Back Panels of the Single Power Supply Switches ...............................................................................................26
Figure 6: Back Panels on the Dual Power Supply Models ...................................................................................................26
Figure 7: Management Panel ...............................................................................................................................................27
Figure 8: Model Naming Conventions for the Twisted Pair 8100S Series Switches ............................................................28
Figure 9: Model Naming Conventions of the Fiber Optic 8100S Series ...............................................................................28
Figure 10: 10/100Base-TX Port LEDs ..................................................................................................................................41
Figure 11: 10/100/1000Base-T Port LEDs............................................................................................................................42
Figure 12: 100Base-FX Port LED .........................................................................................................................................43
Figure 13: SFP Slot LEDs ....................................................................................................................................................44
Figure 14: Stacking Port S1 and S2 LEDs............................................................................................................................45
Figure 15: Stack ID LED .......................................................................................................................................................46
Figure 16: Duplex-chain and Duplex-ring Configurations .....................................................................................................56
Figure 17: Switches in an Equipment Rack ..........................................................................................................................68
Figure 18: Stack on a Table or Desktop ...............................................................................................................................68
Figure 19: Components of the 8100S Series Switches ........................................................................................................69
Figure 20: Components of the AT-8100S/24C Switch..........................................................................................................70
Figure 21: Turning the Switch Upside Down ........................................................................................................................72
Figure 22: Removing the Rubber Feet .................................................................................................................................72
Figure 23: Attaching the Brackets to Install the Switch in an Equipment Rack ....................................................................73
Figure 24: Attaching the Brackets to Install the Switch in an Equipment Rack (Continued).................................................74
Figure 25: Attaching the Brackets to the AT-8100S/24C Switch to Install the Switch in an Equipment Rack ......................74
Figure 26: Attaching the Brackets to the AT-8100S/24C Switch to Install the Switch in an Equipment Rack (Continued) ..75
Figure 27: Mounting the Switch in an Equipment Rack ........................................................................................................76
Figure 28: Labelling the Switches.........................................................................................................................................77
Figure 29: Connecting the AC Power Cord ..........................................................................................................................80
Figure 30: Connecting the Management Cable to the RJ-45 Terminal Port on the Switch ..................................................83
Figure 31: Connecting the Twisted Pair Cable to a Networking Port on the Switch .............................................................84
Figure 32: AlliedWare Plus Command Line Prompt .............................................................................................................85
Figure 33: STACK Command Confirmation Prompt .............................................................................................................85
Figure 34: Connecting the Stacking Cable ...........................................................................................................................87
Figure 35: Example Stack of Four Switches.........................................................................................................................88
Figure 36: Example Stack of Four Switches with a Redundant Path ...................................................................................89
Figure 37: Plugging in the AC Power Cords .........................................................................................................................92
Figure 38: Switch Initialization Messages.............................................................................................................................94
Figure 39: Switch Initialization Messages (Continued) .........................................................................................................95
Figure 40: Switch Initialization Messages (Continued) .........................................................................................................96
Figure 41: DC Terminal Block...............................................................................................................................................98
Figure 42: Stripped Wire.......................................................................................................................................................98
Figure 43: Inserting Wires into the DC Terminal Block.........................................................................................................99
Figure 44: SHOW STACK Command.................................................................................................................................101
Figure 45: Removing the Dust Plug from an SFP Slot .......................................................................................................107
Figure 46: Installing an SFP Transceiver............................................................................................................................107
Figure 47: Removing the Dust Cover from the SFP Module ..............................................................................................108
Figure 48: Positioning the SFP Handle in the Upright Position ..........................................................................................108
Figure 49: Connecting the Fiber Optic Cable to the SFP Module.......................................................................................109
9
Figures
Figure 50: PORT Parameter in the Command Line Interface.............................................................................................112
Figure 51: SHOW BOOT Command...................................................................................................................................121
Figure 52: Removing the Network Cables ..........................................................................................................................122
Figure 53: Removing the Fiber Optic Cable from the SFP Module.....................................................................................123
Figure 54: Installing the Dust Cover on the SFP Module....................................................................................................123
Figure 55: Removing the SFP Module................................................................................................................................124
Figure 56: Installing the Dust Cover in the SFP Slot...........................................................................................................124
Figure 57: Removing the Stacking Cables..........................................................................................................................125
Figure 58: RJ-45 Connector and Port Pin Layout ...............................................................................................................134
Figure 59: Stacking Port Pin Layout (Front View)...............................................................................................................137
10
Tables
Table 1: Hardware Features of the 8100S Twisted Pair Series ...........................................................................................21
Table 2: Hardware Features of the 8100S Fiber Optic Series .............................................................................................23
Table 3: General Specifications of the Fiber Optic Ports .....................................................................................................25
Table 4: Model Naming Conventions for the Twisted Pair 8100L and 8100S Series Switches ...........................................28
Table 5: Model Naming Conventions of the Fiber Optic 8100S Series Switches ................................................................29
Table 6: Twisted Pair Cable Requirements for the 10/100Base-TX Ports ...........................................................................31
Table 7: Twisted Pair Cable for the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports ...........................................................................................33
Table 8: Combo Ports ..........................................................................................................................................................34
Table 9: IEEE Powered Device Classes ..............................................................................................................................36
Table 10: 10/100Base-TX Port LEDs ..................................................................................................................................41
Table 11: 10/100/1000Base-T Port LEDs ............................................................................................................................42
Table 12: 100Base-FX Port LED .........................................................................................................................................43
Table 13: SFP Slot LED ......................................................................................................................................................44
Table 14: Stacking Port LED ...............................................................................................................................................45
Table 15: Installation Procedures ........................................................................................................................................62
Table 16: LEDs and Management Software Initialization ....................................................................................................93
Table 17: Product Dimensions ...........................................................................................................................................131
Table 18: Product Weights ................................................................................................................................................131
Table 19: Ventilation Requirements ...................................................................................................................................132
Table 20: Environmental Specifications .............................................................................................................................132
Table 21: Maximum Power Consumptions ........................................................................................................................132
Table 22: Input Voltages ....................................................................................................................................................132
Table 23: Product Certifications .........................................................................................................................................133
Table 24: MTBF .................................................................................................................................................................133
Table 25: Pin Signals for 10 and 100 Mbps .......................................................................................................................134
Table 26: Pin Signals - 1000 Mbps ....................................................................................................................................135
Table 27: Fiber Optic Port Specifications for the AT-8100S/16F8-SC Switch ...................................................................135
Table 28: Fiber Optic Port Specifications for the AT-8100S/16F8-LC and AT-8100S/24F-LC Switches ..........................136
Table 29: RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pin Signals .....................................................................................................137
Table 30: Stacking Port Pin Signals ..................................................................................................................................137
11
Tables
12
Preface
This guide contains instructions on how to install the 8100S Series of Fast
Ethernet switches in a stack configuration. For instructions on how to
install the switches as stand-alone units, refer to the Stand-alone Switch
Installation Guide for 8100L and 8100S Series Switches.
This preface contains the following sections:

“Document Conventions” on page 14

“Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 15
Note
This guide does not include the AT-8100S/48 and AT-8100S/48POE
Switches. The initial release of the management software supports
the 48-port switches as stand-alone units, but not in a stack. For
further information, contact your Allied Telesis representative.
13
Preface
Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions:
Note
Notes provide additional information.
Caution
Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action
may result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warning
Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action
may result in bodily injury.
14
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Contacting Allied Telesis
If you need assistance with this product, you may contact Allied Telesis
technical support by going to the Support & Services section of the Allied
Telesis web site at www.alliedtelesis.com/support. You can find links for
the following services on this page:

24/7 Online Support — Enter our interactive support center to
search for answers to your product questions in our knowledge
database, to check support tickets, to learn about RMAs, and to
contact Allied Telesis technical experts.

USA and EMEA phone support — Select the phone number that
best fits your location and customer type.

Hardware warranty information — Learn about Allied Telesis
warranties and register your product online.

Replacement Services — Submit a Return Merchandise
Authorization (RMA) request via our interactive support center.

Documentation — View the most recent installation and user
guides, software release notes, white papers, and data sheets for
your products.

Software Downloads — Download the latest software releases for
your managed products.
For sales or corporate information, go to www.alliedtelesis.com/
purchase and select your region.
15
Preface
16
Chapter 1
Overview
This chapter contains the following sections:

“Features” on page 18

“8100S Twisted Pair Series Switches” on page 21

“8100S Fiber Optic Series Switches” on page 23

“Back Panel Components” on page 26

“Management Panel” on page 27

“Model Naming Conventions” on page 28

“10/100Base-TX Twisted Pair Ports” on page 30

“10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Ports” on page 32

“SFP Slots” on page 34

“Power Over Ethernet” on page 35

“S1 and S2 Stacking Ports” on page 39

“eco-friendly Button” on page 40

“LEDs” on page 41

“Console Port” on page 47

“Power Supplies” on page 48

“Power Connectors” on page 49
Note
This guide contains instructions on how to install the 8100S Series
switches in a stack configuration with the S1 and S2 stacking ports.
For instructions on how to install the switches as stand-alone units,
refer to the Stand-alone Switch Installation Guide for 8100L and
8100S Series Switches.
Note
This guide does not include the AT-8100S/48 and AT-8100S/48POE
Switches. The initial release of the management software supports
the 48-port switches as stand-alone units, but not in a stack. For
further information, contact your Allied Telesis representative.
17
Chapter 1: Overview
Features
Here is a list of the switches and their features:
8100S Models
10/100 Mbps
Twisted Pair
Ports
Fiber Optic Ports
Power over
Ethernet
18
Here are the 8100S Series switches:

AT-8100S/24C

AT-8100S/24

AT-8100S/24POE

AT-8100S/16F8-SC

AT-8100S/16F8-LC

AT-8100S/24F-LC
Here are the basic features of the 10/100 Mbps twisted pair ports:

8 or 24 ports per switch

10Base-T and 100Base-TX compliant

IEEE 802.3u Auto-Negotiation compliant

Auto-MDI/MDIX

100 meters (328 feet) maximum operating distance

IEEE 802.3x flow control in 10/100Base-TX full-duplex operation

IEEE 802.3x backpressure in 10/100Base-TX half-duplex
operation

Support for jumbo frames up to 10KB

RJ-45 connectors
Here are the basic features of the fiber optic ports:

16 or 24 ports per switch

100Base-FX compliant

Duplex SC or duplex LC

Maximum distance of 2 kilometers (1.24 miles) for the fiber optic
ports on the AT-8100S/16F8-LC, AT-8100S/16F8-SC, and
AT-8100S/24F-LC Switches
Here are the basic features of Power over Ethernet (PoE):

PoE and PoE+ supported on the 10/100Base-TX ports on the
AT-8100S/24POE Switch

Powered device classes 0 to 4

Power budget of 370 watts for the AT-8100S/24POE Switch
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches

10/100/1000
Mbps Twisted
Pair Ports
SFP Slots
Port prioritization
Here are the basic features of the 10/100/1000 Mbps twisted pair ports:

Two ports per switch

10Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-T compliant

IEEE 802.3u Auto-Negotiation compliant

Auto-MDI/MDIX

100 meters (328 feet) maximum operating distance

IEEE 802.3x flow control in 10/100Base-TX full-duplex operation

IEEE 802.3x backpressure in 10/100Base-TX half-duplex
operation

IEEE 803.3z 1000Base-T flow control

Support for jumbo frames up to 10KB

RJ-45 connectors
Here are the basic features of the SFP slots:

Two slots per switch

Support 100Mbps 100Base-FX or 1000Mbps 1000Base-SX/LX
transceivers
Note
The SFP slots are paired with the 10/100/1000Base-TX twisted pair
ports on the switch to form combo ports. For information, refer to
“SFP Slots” on page 34.
Note
SFP transceivers must be purchased separately. For a list of
supported transceivers, contact your Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller.
Stacking Ports
Here are the basic features of the stacking ports on the 8100S Series
switches:

Two stacking ports

10Gbps total bandwidth

High-definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) connectors
19
Chapter 1: Overview
LEDs
MAC Address
Table
Installation
Option
Here are the port LEDs:

Duplex mode and link/activity LEDs for the twisted pair ports

Link/activity LEDs for the 100Base-FX fiber optic ports

Link/activity LEDs for the SFP slots

Link LEDs for the stacking ports

Stack ID number LED

eco-friendly button to turn off the LEDs to conserve electricity
Here are the basic features of the MAC address tables of the switches:

Storage capacity of 16,000 MAC address entries

Automatic learning and aging
Here is the installation option for a stack of 8100S Series switches:

19-inch equipment rack
Warning
You should install the switches of a stack in a standard 19-inch
equipment rack. Allied Telesis does not recommend installing a
stack on a table or desktop because it may create a hazardous work
area.
Management
Software and
Interfaces
Management
Methods
Fanless Models
20
Here are the management software and management interfaces:

AlliedWare Plus Management Software

Command line interface

Web browser interface
Here are the methods for managing the switches:

Local management through the Console port

Remote Telnet and Secure Shell management

Remote HTTP and HTTPS web browser management

SNMPv1, v2c, and v3
Here are the 8100S Series switches that do not have fans:

AT-8100S/24 Switch

AT-8100S/24C Switch
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
8100S Twisted Pair Series Switches
The three twisted pair models in the 8100S Series are listed here:

AT-8100S/24C

AT-8100S/24

AT-8100S/24POE
For information on the fiber optic models, refer to “8100S Fiber Optic
Series Switches” on page 23.
Table 1 lists the hardware features of the twisted pair models.
Table 1. Hardware Features of the 8100S Twisted Pair Series
Feature
24C
24
24POE
Number of 10/100Base-TX Ports
24
24
24
Number of 10/100/1000Base-T Ports
2
2
2
Number of SFP Slots for 100Mbps 100Base-FX or
1000Mbps 1000Base-SX/LX Transceivers1
2
2
2
Stacking Ports
Yes
Yes
Yes
Power over Ethernet
No
No
Yes
Power over Ethernet Budget (Watts)
-
-
370
Powered Device Classes
-
-
0 to 4
Number of Power Supplies
1
2
2
Power Supply Type
AC
AC or DC
AC
Console Management Port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ventilation Fan
No
No
Yes
1. The SFP transceiver slots and 10/100/1000Base-T ports are paired together to form combo ports. Refer to
“SFP Slots” on page 34 for background information.
21
Chapter 1: Overview
Front Panels
The front panels of the 8100S Series switches with twisted pair ports are
shown in Figure 1.
AT-8100S/24C
AT-8100S/24
AT-8100S/24POE
Figure 1. 8100S Series Switches
Front Panel
Components
Figure 2 identifies the front panel components on the models with twisted
pair ports.
10/100Base-TX Ports
Management
Panel
Combo 10/100/1000Base-T
Ports and SFP Slots
Figure 2. Front Panel Components on the 8100S Twisted Pair Switches
22
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
8100S Fiber Optic Series Switches
The three fiber optic models in the 8100S Series are listed here:
Hardware
Features

AT-8100S/16F8-SC

AT-8100S/16F8-LC

AT-8100S/24F-LC
Table 2 lists the hardware features of the fiber optic 8100S Series
switches.
Table 2. Hardware Features of the 8100S Fiber Optic Series
Feature
16F8-SC
16F8-LC
24F-LC
Number of 100Base-FX Fiber Optic Ports
16
16
24
Connectors
Duplex SC
Duplex LC
Duplex LC
Maximum Distance per Port
2 kilometers
(1.24 miles)
2 kilometers
(1.24 miles)
2 kilometers
(1.24 miles)
Number of 10/100Base-TX Ports
8
8
0
Number of 10/100/1000Base-T Ports
2
2
2
Number of SFP Slots for 100Mbps 100Base-FX or
1000Mbps 1000Base-SX/LX Transceivers1
2
2
2
Stacking Ports
Yes
Yes
Yes
Power over Ethernet
No
No
No
Number of Power Supplies
2
2
2
Power Supply Type
AC
AC
AC
Console Management Port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ventilation Fan
Yes
Yes
Yes
1. The SFP transceiver slots and the 10/100/1000Base-T ports are paired together to form combo ports. Refer to
“SFP Slots” on page 34 for background information.
23
Chapter 1: Overview
Front Panels
The front panels of the fiber optic switches are shown in Figure 3 here and
Figure 4 on page 25.
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
100Base-FX Fiber
Optic Ports with
Duplex SC Connectors
10/100Base-TX
Twisted Pair
Ports
Management
Panel
Combo
10/100/1000Base-T
Ports and SFP Slots
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
100Base-FX Fiber
Optic Ports with
Duplex LC Connectors
10/100Base-TX
Twisted Pair
Ports
Management
Panel
Combo
10/100/1000Base-T
Ports and SFP Slots
Figure 3. Front Panels of the 8100S Fiber Optic Series
24
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
AT-8100S/24-LC
100Base-FX Fiber
Optic Ports with
Duplex LC Connectors
Management
Panel
Combo
10/100/1000Base-T
Ports and SFP Slots
Figure 4. Front Panels of the 8100S Fiber Optic Series (Continued)
Fiber Optic Ports
Table 3 lists the general specifications of the fiber optic ports on the fiber
optic switches.
Table 3. General Specifications of the Fiber Optic Ports
Feature
16F8-SC
16F8-LC
24F-LC
Number of Fiber Optic Ports
16
16
24
Connector
Duplex SC
Duplex LC
Duplex LC
Wavelength
1310 nm for
transmitting and
receiving.
1310 nm for
transmitting and
receiving.
1310 nm for
transmitting and
receiving.
Standard
100Base-FX
100Base-FX
100Base-FX
Speed
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
Maximum Distance
2 kilometers
(1.24 miles)
2 kilometers
(1.24 miles)
2 kilometers
(1.24 miles)
Fiber Optic Cable
50/125 or 62.5/
125 µm (core/
cladding)
multimode fiber
optic cable
50/125 or 62.5/
125 µm
multimode fiber
optic cable
50/125 or 62.5/
125 µm
multimode fiber
optic cable
25
Chapter 1: Overview
Back Panel Components
Figure 5 shows the back panel of the AT-8100S/24C Switch, which has a
single power supply.
AC Power
Connector
Figure 5. Back Panels of the Single Power Supply Switches
Figure 6 shows the back panels of the dual power supply models.
Dual AC Power Supply Models
AC Power
Connector
(Power Supply 2)
AC Power
Connector
(Power Supply 1)
Dual DC Power Supply Models
DC Power
Connector
(Power Supply 2)
DC Power
Connector
(Power Supply 1)
Figure 6. Back Panels on the Dual Power Supply Models
26
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Management Panel
Figure 7 identifies the components of the management panel.
Console
Management
Port
Stack ID
LED
eco-friendly
Button
Stacking Ports
Figure 7. Management Panel
27
Chapter 1: Overview
Model Naming Conventions
The letters and numbers in the model names identify the hardware
features of the switches. The naming conventions for the twisted pair
8100S Series switches are identified in Figure 8.
Figure 8. Model Naming Conventions for the Twisted Pair 8100S Series
Switches
The conventions are defined in Table 4.
Table 4. Model Naming Conventions for the Twisted Pair 8100L and
8100S Series Switches
Convention
Definition
1
This is the product name.
2
The letter “S” indicates that the model is stackable.
The letter “L” indicates that the model is not stackable.
(The non-stackable switches are not described in this
manual. For installation instructions, refer to the
Stand-alone Switch Installation Guide for 8100L and
8100S Series Switches.)
3
This is the number of 10/100Base-TX ports.
4
The letters “POE” indicate support for Power over
Ethernet.
The letter “C” in the AT-8100S/24C model name denotes that the unit,
which has just one power supply, is smaller and more compact than the
other models.
The model naming conventions for the fiber optic 8100S Series switches
are identified in Figure 9.
Figure 9. Model Naming Conventions of the Fiber Optic 8100S Series
28
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
The conventions are defined in Table 5.
Table 5. Model Naming Conventions of the Fiber Optic 8100S Series
Switches
Convention
Definition
1
This is the product name.
2
The letter “S” indicates that the model is stackable.
3
This is the number of 100Base-FX fiber optic ports.
4
The letter “F” signifies fiber optic.
5
This is the number of 10/100Base-TX ports. The fiber
optic switches that have 10/100Base-TX ports are the
AT-8100S/16F8-SC and AT-8100S/16F8-LC
Switches.
6
This identifies the type of fiber optic connector. The
connectors are listed here:

SC - Duplex SC

LC - Duplex LC
29
Chapter 1: Overview
10/100Base-TX Twisted Pair Ports
The switches have 8 or 24 10/100Base-TX ports.
Speed
Duplex Mode
The ports can operate at either 10 or 100 Mbps. The speeds may be set
manually using the management software or automatically with AutoNegotiation (IEEE 802.3u), the default setting.
The twisted pair ports can operate in either half- or full-duplex mode. The
duplex mode determines the manner in which a port transmits data. A port
set to half-duplex can either transmit or receive data at one time, while a
port operating in full-duplex can transmit and receive data at the same
time. The best network performance is achieved with the full-duplex
setting, but not all network equipment is designed to support that duplex
mode.
The duplex modes, like port speeds, may be set manually using the
management software or automatically with Auto-Negotiation (IEEE
802.3u), the default setting.
The speed and duplex mode settings of a port may be set independently
of each other. For example, a port may be configured such that its speed
is set manually while its duplex mode is established through AutoNegotiation.
Note
A switch port that is connected to a network device that does not
support Auto-Negotiation and has a fixed duplex mode of full-duplex
should not set its duplex mode with Auto-Negotiation. A duplexmode mismatch in which a switch port and a network device operate
at different duplex modes, may occur. The duplex modes of switch
ports that are connected to network devices that do not support
Auto-Negotiation should be set manually through the management
software.
Wiring
Configuration
The wiring configuration of a port can be MDI or MDI-X. The wiring
configurations of a switch port and a network device connected with
straight-through twisted pair cabling have to be opposite, such that one
device is using MDI and the other MDI-X. For instance, a switch port has
to be set to MDI-X if it is connected to a network device set to MDI.
You may set the wiring configurations of the ports manually or let the
switch configure them automatically with auto-MDI/MDI-X (IEEE 802.3abcompliant). This feature enables the switch to negotiate with network
devices to establish the proper settings, so that the ports on the devices
are using different wiring configurations.
30
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Maximum
Distance
The ports have a maximum operating distance of 100 meters (328 feet).
Power Over
Ethernet
The 10/100Base-TX ports on the AT-8100S/24POE Switch supports
Power over Ethernet (PoE), which is a standard whereby DC power is
provided by the switch to network devices over the network twisted pair
cables. The switch supports PoE (IEEE 802.3af) and PoE+ (IEEE
802.3at). For background information, refer to “Power Over Ethernet” on
page 35.
Cable
Requirements
The cable requirements of the ports are given in Table 6.
Table 6. Twisted Pair Cable Requirements for the 10/100Base-TX Ports
10Mbps
Cable Type
NonPoE
PoE
100Mbps
PoE+
NonPoE
PoE
PoE+
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Category 3 shielded
or unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 16 MHz.
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
No
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Acompliant Category 5 shielded
or unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 100 MHz.
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Enhanced Category
5 (Cat 5e) shielded or
unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 100 MHz.
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Category 6 or 6a
shielded cabling.
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Port Pinouts
Refer to Table 25 on page 134 for the port pinouts of the 10/100Base-TX
ports.
31
Chapter 1: Overview
10/100/1000Base-T Twisted Pair Ports
The switches have two 10/100/1000Base-T ports. These ports are paired
with SFP slots to form combo ports.
Speed
The ports can operate at 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps. The speeds may be set
manually using the management software or automatically with AutoNegotiation (IEEE 802.3u), the default setting.
Note
The ports must be set to Auto-Negotiation to function at 1000 Mbps.
They are not compatible with devices that are not IEEE 802.3u
compliant.
Duplex Mode
The twisted pair ports can operate in either half- or full-duplex mode. The
duplex modes, like port speeds, may be set manually using the
management software or automatically with Auto-Negotiation (IEEE
802.3u), the default setting.
The speed and duplex mode settings of a port may be set independently
of each other. For example, a port may be configured such that its speed
is set manually while its duplex mode is established through AutoNegotiation.
Note
A switch port that is connected to a network device that does not
support Auto-Negotiation and has a fixed duplex mode of full-duplex
should not set its duplex mode with Auto-Negotiation. A duplexmode mismatch in which a switch port and a network device operate
at different duplex modes, may occur. The duplex modes of switch
ports that are connected to network devices that do not support
Auto-Negotiation should be set manually through the management
software.
Wiring
Configuration
The wiring configuration of a port can be MDI or MDI-X. The wiring
configurations of a switch port and a network device connected with
straight-through twisted pair cabling have to be opposite, such that one
device is using MDI and the other MDI-X. For instance, a switch port has
to be set to MDI-X if it is connected to a network device set to MDI.
You may set the wiring configurations of the ports manually or let the
switch configure them automatically with auto-MDI/MDI-X (IEEE 802.3abcompliant). This feature enables the switch to negotiate with network
devices to establish the proper settings, so that the ports on the devices
are using different wiring configurations.
32
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Maximum
Distance
The ports have a maximum operating distance of 100 meters (328 feet).
Power Over
Ethernet
The 10/100/1000Base-T ports on the AT-8100S/24POE Switch does not
support PoE.
Cable
Requirements
The cable requirements of the ports are given in Table 7.
Table 7. Twisted Pair Cable for the 10/100/1000Base-T Ports
Cable Type
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Category 3 shielded
or unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 16 MHz.
Port Pinouts
10Mbps
100Mbps
1000Mbps
Yes
Yes
No
Standard TIA/EIA 568-AYes
compliant Category 5 or TIA/
EIA 568-B-compliant Enhanced
Category 5 (Cat 5e) shielded or
unshielded cabling with 100
ohm impedance and a
frequency of 100 MHz.
Yes
Yes
Standard TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Category 6 or 6a
shielded cabling.
Yes
Yes
Yes
Refer to Table 25 on page 134 and Table 26 on page 135 for the port
pinouts to the 10/100/1000Base-T ports.
33
Chapter 1: Overview
SFP Slots
The switches have two slots for 100Mbps 100Base-FX or 1000Mbps
1000Base-SX/LX fiber optic transceivers. You may add transceivers to
connect the switches to other network devices over large distances, build
a high-speed backbone network between network devices, or connect
high-speed devices, such as servers, to your network.
The switches support a variety of short and long distance, 100 and 1000
Mbps fiber optic SFP modules. For a list of supported SFP modules,
contact your Allied Telesis representative or visit our web site.
The two SFP slots are paired with the 10/100/1000Base-T ports to form
combo ports. The combo ports are listed in Table 8.
Table 8. Combo Ports
Model
AT-8100S/24C, AT-8100S/24,
AT-8100S/24POE, AT-8100S/
16F8-LC, AT-8100S/16F8-SC,
and AT-8100S/24F-LC
10/100/1000
Base-T Port
SFP Slot
25R
25
26R
26
The rules for using the combo ports are listed here:
34

Only one port in a pair can be active at a time.

The twisted pair port is the active port when the companion SFP
slot is empty, or when an SFP module is installed but has not
established a link to an end node.

The switch automatically deactivates the twisted pair port of a
combo port when the companion SFP module establishes a
network link.

The switch automatically reactivates the twisted pair port whenever
the companion SFP module loses its network link.

In nearly all cases, a twisted pair port and an SFP module share
the same configuration settings, including port settings, VLAN
assignments, access control lists, and spanning tree.

An exception to the shared settings is port speed. If you disable
Auto-Negotiation on a twisted pair port and set the speed and
duplex mode manually, the speed reverts to Auto-Negotiation
when an SFP module establishes a link with an end node.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Power Over Ethernet
The AT-8100S/24POE Switch features Power over Ethernet (PoE) on the
10/100Base-TX ports. PoE is used to supply power to network devices
over the same twisted pair cables that carry the network traffic.
The main advantage of PoE is that it can make it easier to install a
network. The selection of a location for a network device is often limited by
whether there is a power source nearby. This often limits equipment
placement or requires the added time and cost of having additional
electrical sources installed. But with PoE, you can install PoE-compatible
devices wherever they are needed without having to worry about whether
there are power sources nearby.
A device that provides PoE to other network devices is referred to as
power sourcing equipment (PSE). The AT-8100S/24POE Switch acts as a
PSE unit by adding DC power to the network cable, thus functioning as a
central power source for other network devices.
Devices that receive their power from a PSE are called powered devices
(PD). Examples include wireless access points, IP telephones, webcams,
and even other Ethernet switches.
The switch automatically determines whether or not a device connected to
a port is a powered device. Ports that are connected to network nodes that
are not powered devices (that is, devices that receive their power from
another power source) function as regular Ethernet ports, without PoE.
The PoE feature remains activated on the ports but no power is delivered
to the devices.
PoE Standards
Powered Device
Classes
The AT-8100S/24POE Switch supports these PoE standards:

PoE (IEEE 802.3af): This standard provides up to 15.4 watts at the
switch port to support powered devices that require up to 12.95
watts.

PoE+ (IEEE 802.3at): This standard provides up to 30.0 watts at
the switch port to support powered devices that require up to 25.5
watts.
Powered devices are grouped into the five classes listed in Table 9 on
page 36. The classes are based on the amount of power the devices
require. The AT-8100S/24POE Switch supports all five classes.
35
Chapter 1: Overview
Table 9. IEEE Powered Device Classes
Class
Power Budget
Maximum Power
Output from a Switch
Port
Power Ranges of the
PDs
0
15.4W
0.44W to 12.95W
1
4.0W
0.44W to 3.84W
2
7.0W
3.84W to 6.49W
3
15.4W
6.49W to 12.95W
4
30.0W
12.95W to 25.5W
The AT-8100S/24POE Switch has a power budget of 370 watts. This is
the maximum amount of power the switches can provide at one time to the
powered devices.
The PoE switch has two power supplies. Each power supply is
responsible for providing 185 watts, or half, of the power budget. Both
power supplies must be connected to AC power sources for the switch to
provide the full 370 watts. The power budget is reduced to 185 watts if
only one power supply is connected to a power source.
The power requirements of the PoE devices determine the maximum
number of devices the switch can support at one time. So long as the total
power requirements of the powered devices is less than the power budget
of the switch, the switch can supply power to all of the devices. But if the
total power requirements exceed the power budget, the switch denies
power to one or more ports using a mechanism referred to as port
prioritization.
To determine whether the power requirements of the PoE devices you
plan to connect to the switch exceed its power budget, refer to their
documentation for their power requirements and add the requirements
together. The switch should be able to power all of the devices
simultaneously as long as the total is below its power budget. If the total
exceeds the available power budget, you should consider reducing the
number of PoE devices so that all of the devices receive power.
Otherwise, the switch will power a subset of the devices, based on port
prioritization.
The switch can handle different power requirements on different ports,
enabling you to connect different classes of PoE equipment to the ports.
36
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Port
Prioritization
If the power requirements of the powered devices exceed the switch’s
power budget, the switch will deny power to some ports based on a
system called port prioritization. You may use this mechanism to ensure
that powered devices critical to the operations of your network are given
preferential treatment by the switch in the distribution of power should the
demands of the devices exceed the available capacity.
There are three priority levels:

Critical

High

Low
Ports set to the Critical level, the highest priority level, are guaranteed
power before any of the ports assigned to the other two priority levels.
Ports that are connected to your most critical powered devices should be
assigned to this level. Ports assigned to the other priority levels receive
power only if all the critical ports are receiving power. If there is not enough
power to support all the ports set to the Critical priority level, power is
distributed based on port number, in ascending order.
The High level is the second highest level. Ports set to this level receive
power only if all the ports set to the Critical level are already receiving
power. If there is not enough power to support all of the ports set to the
High priority level, power is provided to the ports based on port number, in
ascending order.
The lowest priority level is Low. This is the default setting. Ports set to this
level only receive power if all of the ports assigned to the other two levels
are already receiving power. As with the other levels, if there is not enough
power to support all of the ports set to the Low priority level, power is
provided to the ports based on port number, in ascending order.
Power allocation is dynamic. Ports supplying power to powered devices
may cease power transmission if the switch’s power budget is at maximum
usage and new powered devices, connected to ports with higher priorities,
become active.
You can use port prioritization on dual power supply PoE switches to
protect your important networking devices from loss of power should one
of the power supplies fail or lose power. By limiting the power
requirements of the critical devices connected to a switch to less than 185
watts, the PoE power provided by a single power supply, a switch will be
able to continue to power the critical devices even if it has only one
functional power supply.
37
Chapter 1: Overview
Wiring
Implementation
The IEEE 802.3af standard defines two methods by which a PSE, such as
the switch, can transmit DC power over twisted pair cables to PDs. These
methods, known as modes A and B, identify the wire strands the switch
should use when sending DC power to a PD.
Twisted pair cabling typically consists of eight strands. With 10Base-T and
100Base-TX devices, the strands connected to pins 1, 2, 3, and 6 on the
RJ-45 connectors carry the network traffic while strands connected to pins
4, 5, 7, and 8 are unused. With 1000Base-T devices, all eight strands are
used to carry network data.
It takes four strands to deliver DC power to a PD. With Mode A, the power
is delivered on pins 1, 2, 3, and 6. These are the same pins in 10Base-T
and 100Base-TX devices that carry the network data. With mode B, the
power is provided over the spare strands.
The ports on the AT-8100S/24POE Switch deliver the power using pins 4,
5, 7, and 8, which corresponds to mode B in the IEEE 802.3af standard.
Powered devices that comply with the IEEE 802.3af standard are required
to support both power delivery methods. Legacy devices that do not
comply with the standard will work with the switch if they are powered on
pins 4, 5, 7, and 8.
38
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
S1 and S2 Stacking Ports
The switch may be used as a stand-alone unit or as part of a stack in
which multiple units are interconnected via the S1 and S2 stacking ports
on the front panels. Compared to stand-alone switches, which function as
independent units, the switches of a stack synchronize their actions to
form a single, logical unit so that the switching operations, like spanning
tree protocols, virtual LANs, and static port trunks, are able to span across
all the units.
The two principal advantages of stacks are:

You can manage multiple units simultaneously, thus simplifying
network management.

You have more flexibility in how you configure some of the
features. For instance, a static port trunk on a stand-alone switch
has to consist of ports from the same switch. In contrast, a static
trunk on a stack may consist of ports from different switches in the
same stack.
For more information, refer to Chapter 2, “Stacking Overview” on page 51.
This guide explains how to install the units in a stack. For instructions on
how to install the switches as stand-alone units, refer to the Stand-alone
Switch Installation Guide for 8100L and 8100S Series Switches.
39
Chapter 1: Overview
eco-friendly Button
You may turn off the port LEDs to conserve electricity when you are not
monitoring the switch. The LEDs may be toggled with the eco-friendly
button on the front panel of the switch or the ECOFRIENDLY LED and NO
ECOFRIENDLY LED commands in the Global Configuration mode of the
command line interface.
Toggling the LEDs on and off does not interfere with the network
operations of the device. The Stack ID LED is always on.
Note
When checking or troubleshooting the network connections to the
ports on the switch, you should always check to be sure that the
LEDs are on by either pressing the eco-friendly button or issuing the
ECOFRIENDLY LED and NO ECOFRIENDLY LED commands in
the Global Configuration mode of the command line interface.
40
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
LEDs
Here are the descriptions of the switch’s LEDs.
10/100Base-TX
Twisted Pair Port
LEDs
The 10/100Base-TX twisted pair ports have link/activity and duplex mode
LEDs.
Link/Activity
LED
Duplex Mode
LED
Link/Activity
LED
Duplex Mode
LED
Figure 10. 10/100Base-TX Port LEDs
The LEDs are described in this table.
Table 10. 10/100Base-TX Port LEDs
LED
Link/Activity
Duplex
Mode
State
Description
Off
The port has not established a link to an
end node.
Solid green
The port has established a link to an end
node.
Flashing
green
The port is receiving or transmitting
packets.
Off
The port is operating in half-duplex mode.
Solid green
The port is operating in full-duplex mode.
41
Chapter 1: Overview
Here are the LED guidelines:
10/100/1000Base-T
Twisted Pair Port
LEDs

The LEDs do not display port speed. That information may be
viewed using the management software.

The LEDs on the AT-8100S/24POE Switch do not display PoE
information. That information may be viewed using the
management software.

If the port LEDs are off, the switch may be operating in the low
power mode. To toggle on the LEDs, use the eco-friendly button.
The twisted pair ports in the combo ports have link/activity and duplex
mode LEDs, just like the 10/100Base-TX ports.
Link/Activity
LED
Duplex Mode
LED
Link/Activity
LED
Duplex Mode
LED
Figure 11. 10/100/1000Base-T Port LEDs
Table 11 describes the LEDs for the 10/100/1000Base-T twisted pair
ports.
Table 11. 10/100/1000Base-T Port LEDs
LED
Link/Activity
42
State
Description
Off
The port has not established a link to an
end node.
Solid green
The port has established a link to an end
node.
Flashing
green
The port is receiving or transmitting
packets.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Table 11. 10/100/1000Base-T Port LEDs (Continued)
LED
Duplex
Mode
100Base-FX Port
LEDs
State
Description
Off
The port is operating in half-duplex mode.
Solid green
The port is operating in full-duplex mode.
Each of the 100Base-FX ports on the AT-8100S/16F8-SC, AT-8100S/
16F8-LC, and AT-8100S/24F-LC Switches has a single LED, labeled L/A
for Link/Activity.
100Base-FX Port
LED
Figure 12. 100Base-FX Port LED
The 100Base-FX port LED is described in Table 12.
Table 12. 100Base-FX Port LED
LED
Link/Activity
State
Description
Off
The port has not established a link to a
network device.
Solid green
The port has established a link to a
network device.
Flashing
green
The port is receiving or transmitting
packets to a network device.
43
Chapter 1: Overview
SFP Slot LED
Each SFP slot has one LED.
SFP Slot
LEDs
Figure 13. SFP Slot LEDs
The SFP slot LED is described in Table 13.
Table 13. SFP Slot LED
LED
Link/Activity
44
State
Description
Off
The SFP slot is empty or the SFP module
has not established a link to a network
device.
Solid green
The SFP module has established a link to
a network device.
Flashing
green
The SFP module is receiving or
transmitting packets to a network device.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
S1 and S2 Stack
Ports LEDs
Each stacking port has one link/activity LED labelled LINK/ACT.
Stacking Port
LEDs
Figure 14. Stacking Port S1 and S2 LEDs
The stacking port LED is described in Table 14.
Table 14. Stacking Port LED
LED
LINK/ACT
State
Description
Off
The stacking port is not connected to
another switch or has not established a
link.
Solid green
The stacking port has established a link
with a stacking port on another switch.
Note
The stacking port LEDs do not indicate packet activity.
45
Chapter 1: Overview
Stack ID LED
The Stack ID LED displays the ID number of the switch. A stand-alone
switch should have the ID number 0. Switches connected with the
stacking ports to form a virtual stack must have unique numbers. Chapter
5, “Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports” on
page 79 has the procedure for verifying and, if necessary, changing the ID
number of the switch.
Stack ID
LED
Figure 15. Stack ID LED
46
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Console Port
The Console port is used to configure the features and parameter settings
of the switch. This type of management uses serial RS-232 and is
commonly referred to as local or out-of-band management because it is
not conducted over your network. To perform local management, you must
be at the location of the switch and must use the management cable
included with the switch.
To establish a local management session with the switch, you connect a
terminal or a personal computer with a terminal emulation program to the
Console port, which has an RJ-45 style (8P8C) connector, using the
provided management cable. The cable which has RJ-45 RJ-style (8P8C)
and DB-9 (D-sub 9-pin) connectors.
The Console port is set to the following specifications:

Default baud rate: 9600 bps (Range is 9600 to 115200 bps)

Data bits: 8

Parity: None

Stop bits: 1

Flow control: None
Note
These settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal, or an
equivalent terminal emulation program.
47
Chapter 1: Overview
Power Supplies
The switches are powered by two internal AC power supplies, except for
the AT-8100S/24C Switch, which has one power supply. The supplies are
not field-replaceable and each has a separate AC connector on the back
panels.
Only one power supply is active at a time in non-PoE switches. The
second power supply operates in a redundant state and is automatically
activated by the switch if the active power supply loses power or fails. The
change over is instantaneous, making it transparent to the network users.
Power redundancy is available only when both AC connectors on the
switch are connected to power sources.
For all operations excluding PoE, the power supplies in the AT-8100S/
24POE Switch operate in the same manner as those in the non-PoE
switches. One power supply operates in an active state while the other
resides in a redundant state.
For PoE, however, the power supplies operate in a load-sharing manner,
with each power supply providing 185 watts, half the total PoE budget of
the switch. The maximum 370 watts power budget of PoE is only available
when both power supplies are connected to power sources.
Refer to “Technical Specifications” on page 131 for the input voltage
range.
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
Warning
This unit might have more than one power cord. To reduce the risk
of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
48
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Power Connectors
The 8100S Series switches have two AC or DC power supply sockets on
the back panels, except for the AT-8100S/24C Switch, which has just one
AC power supply socket.
AC switches are powered on or off by connecting or disconnecting the
power cords. DC switches are powered on or off by energizing or
de-energizing the DC circuit breakers to which the switches are connected
in the wiring closet.
49
Chapter 1: Overview
50
Chapter 2
Stacking Overview
This chapter contains the following sections:

“Stacking Guidelines” on page 52

“Master Switch” on page 54

“Stacking Port Topologies” on page 55

“Active Boot Configuration File” on page 57

“Initialization Process” on page 59
51
Chapter 2: Stacking Overview
Stacking Guidelines
A stack is a group 8100S Series switches linked together with the S1 and
S2 stacking ports to function as a unified Fast Ethernet switch. They
synchronize their actions so that network operations, such as spanning
tree protocols, virtual LANs, and static port trunks, span across all of the
Fast Ethernet ports.
A stack has two principal advantages over stand-alone units:

You can configure all of the switches in a stack from the same
management session, rather than individually from different
sessions, thereby simplifying network management.

You have more latitude when configuring some of the features. For
instance, to create a static port trunk on a stand-alone switch you
have to choose ports from the same switch. In contrast, a static
trunk on a stack can have ports from different switches in the same
stack.
Here are the general guidelines for 8100S Series stacks:
52

All 8100S Series switches support stacking.

A stack can have up to eight switches or 208 ports.

The switches of a stack may be the same model or different
models. For instance, a stack can have AT-8100S/24C, AT-8100S/
24, and AT-8100S/16F8-SC Switches.

Stacking is not supported on the 8100L Series switches.

An 8100S Series stack cannot contain other stacking devices,
such as the AT-9400Ts Series switches.

The 8100S Series switches do not need any additional modules or
software for stacking.

Each switch must be assigned a unique stack ID number, in the
range of 1 to 8, with the STACK command in the Global
Configuration mode. It must be assigned before the switch is
connected to the stack. The stack will not function properly if there
are two or more switches that have the same ID number.

The default value for the stack ID number is 0, which is reserved
for stand-alone switches.

A stack must have one master switch. The master switch is the
switch with the lowest stack ID number, usually ID number 1.

The master switch can be any switch in the stack.

If the master unit fails or is removed from the stack, the member
switch with the next lowest ID number takes over as the new
master switch.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches

The other units are referred to as member switches.

The stacking feature described in this guide is unrelated to the
enhanced stacking feature described in the AT-8100 Series
AlliedWare Plus Command Line Interface User’s Guide. They are
completely different features.
53
Chapter 2: Stacking Overview
Master Switch
A stack must have a master switch to coordinate and monitor stack
operations. It verifies that the switches are using the same version of
management software, that no two switches have the same ID number,
and that the stacking ports are cabled correctly.
The selection of the master switch is based on the ID numbers. The
master switch is the switch with the lowest ID number of all the switches in
the stack. The selection occurs during the discovery process, described in
“Initialization Process” on page 59, which the stack performs whenever
you power on or reset it. If the master switch is removed from the stack or
fails, the member switch with the next lowest ID number automatically
becomes the new master switch. If that switch fails or is removed from the
stack, then the switch with the next lowest ID number becomes the new
master switch, and so on.
54
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Stacking Port Topologies
The switches are connected together with the S1 and S2 ports in the
management panels, and the stacking cables that come with the units.
There are two wiring configurations. The first topology is called the duplexchain topology. This topology connects the switches with a single
pathway. A stacking port on one switch is connected to a stacking port in
the next switch, which is connected to the next switch, and so on. The
connections crossover to different stacking ports on the switches, such
that the S1 port in one switch connects to the S2 port in the next switch.
Caution
The stack will not function if the connections to the S1 and S2
stacking ports do not crossover on the switches. If two S1 ports or
two S2 ports are connected together, the switches will not form a
stack and instead operate as stand-alone devices.
The second topology, the duplex-ring topology, is similar to the duplexchain, except that the unused stacking ports on the end switches of the
stack are connected together to form a physical loop, creating two
pathways through the stack. An example of both topologies is shown in
Figure 16 on page 56.
Although the topologies are the same in terms of network speed and
performance, the duplex-ring topology is the recommended wiring
configuration because of the secondary path it provides through the
stacking ports. The two pathways protect the switches of the stack against
the loss of communications due to a failure of a stacking port, cable, or
switch.
55
Chapter 2: Stacking Overview
Duplex-chain Configuration
Duplex-ring Configuration
Figure 16 Duplex-chain and Duplex-ring Configurations
56
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Active Boot Configuration File
The master switch stores the settings of the entire stack in a file in its file
system. This file is referred to as the active boot configuration file. The
switch updates the file with the most recent parameter changes whenever
you issue the WRITE or COPY RUNNING-CONFIG STARTUP-CONFIG
command.
The switch comes with two identical boot configuration files, called
BOOT.CFG and QSTACK.CFG. The commands the files contain assign
the switch the factory IP address 169.254.1.1 and activate the web
browser server so that you may begin to manage the switch with Telnet or
a web browser as soon as you set it up.
The BOOT.CFG file is the default active file. You may continue to use that
file to store the parameter settings of the switch, or you may create
another boot configuration file. There are several ways to do that, the
easiest being the BOOT CONFIG-FILE command, because it both creates
the file and designates it as the active boot configuration file.
The name of the active boot configuration file of the stack may be up to 16
alphanumeric characters, plus the .CFG extension. For example, you
might name the file STACKBLF2RM4.CFG.
The QSTART.CFG file is identical to the BOOT.CFG file. You may use the
file to restore the factory settings if you use the BOOT.CFG to store the
parameter settings of the switch. You would simply copy the
QSTART.CFG file as the BOOT.CFG file.
The master switch periodically sends the active boot configuration file over
the stacking ports to the other switches in the stack, which save the file in
their respective file systems. The master switch distributes the file so that
should it stop functioning or be removed from the stack, any of the other
switches can assume the role of master switch. Here are the events that
prompt the master switch to distribute the active boot configuration to the
member switches:

The stack performs the discovery process when it is powered on or
reset and when a stacking cable is connected or disconnected. At
the completion of the discovery process, the master switch sends
its active boot configuration file to the member switches.

When you enter the WRITE command to save your changes to the
parameter settings, to the active boot configuration file. After
updating the file, the master switch sends it to the member
switches.
The master switch changes the name of the active boot configuration file
to BOOT.CFG as it sends the file to the other switches during the
discovery process or in response to the WRITE command. Additionally, it
57
Chapter 2: Stacking Overview
instructs the other switches to designate that filename as the active boot
configuration file so that they use that file if they become the master
switch.
Here is an example of how the process works. Let’s assume your stack
has three switches, assigned the ID numbers 1 to 3. The switch with the ID
number 1 is the master switch because it has the lowest ID number of all
the switches in the stack. Now assume that you use the BOOT CONFIGFILE to create a new active boot configuration file for the stack and call it
STACKBLF2RM4.CFG. After configuring some of the stack parameter
settings, you issue the WRITE command. In response, the master switch
updates the STACKBLF2RM4.CFG file with your changes and then
transmits it, with the new name BOOT.CFG, over the stacking ports to the
other switches. In turn, they store the file in their file systems and, if they
have not already, designate it as their active boot configuration file, so that
they use that file should they become the master switch.
Now assume that you remove the master switch from the stack. The
switch with the ID number 2 becomes the new master switch because it
has the next lowest ID number. The configuration settings of the two
remaining switches remain the same, even with the removal of the original
master switch, because the new master switch has the same active boot
configuration. The file just happens to have a different name. On the
original master switch it was called STACKBLF2RM4.CFG, but on the new
master unit it is BOOT.CFG.
So does this mean that you should use BOOT.CFG as the filename for the
active boot configuration files on your stacks? It does not matter so long
as you remember that if you use a different name, the master switch
changes it to BOOT.CFG when it sends the file to the member switches.
58
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Initialization Process
The switches of the stack synchronize their operations in a five phase
process when they are powered on or reset, and prior to forwarding
network traffic from their ports.
In the first three phases the switches initialize their management software
and features. These phases take a total of approximately 40 seconds.
In the fourth phase, called the discovery process. the switches determine
the number of devices in the stack, the cabling topology, and, in the case
of the duplex-ring topology, the active path through the stacking ports. It is
in this phase that the master switch of the stack is identified. The discovery
process takes approximately 80 seconds.
In the fifth phase, the master switch uses its active boot configuration file in
its file system to configure the settings of all of the switches in the stack.
This phase may take from a few seconds to four minutes, depending on
the size of the stack and the number and complexity of the commands in
the file.
You can monitor the phases by watching the LEDs, which are defined in
Table 16 on page 93, or by attaching a computer with a terminal emulator
program to the Console port of the master switch, and watching the
initialization messages, shown in Figure 38 on page 94 and Figure 39 on
page 95.
The switches of the stack begin forwarding network traffic at the
completion of the fifth phase.
59
Chapter 2: Stacking Overview
60
Chapter 3
Beginning the Installation
The chapter contains the following sections:

“Installation Overview” on page 62

“Reviewing Safety Precautions” on page 63

“Planning the Installation” on page 67

“Unpacking the Switch” on page 69
61
Chapter 3: Beginning the Installation
Installation Overview
Table 15 lists the installation procedures for a stack of 8100S Series
switches. The procedures should be performed in the order presented in
the table.
Table 15. Installation Procedures
Step
62
Procedure
1
“Reviewing Safety Precautions” on page 63
2
“Planning the Installation” on page 67
3
“Unpacking the Switch” on page 69
4
“Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack” on
page 72
5
“Labeling the Switches” on page 77
6
“Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers” on page 82
7
“Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87
8
“Powering on AC Switches” on page 92 or “Powering On
DC Switches” on page 97
9
“Verifying the Installation” on page 101
10
“Cabling the Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Ports” on
page 104
11
“Installing Optional SFP Transceivers” on page 106
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Reviewing Safety Precautions
Please review the following safety precautions before you begin to install
the switch.
Note
The  indicates that a translation of the safety statement is
available in a PDF document titled “Translated Safety Statements”
posted on the Allied Telesis website at www.alliedtelesis.com.
Warning
Class 1 Laser product.  L1
Warning
Do not stare into the laser beam.  L2
Warning
Do not look directly at the fiber optic cable ends or inspect the cable
ends with an optical lens.  L6
Warning
To prevent electric shock, do not remove the cover. No userserviceable parts inside. This unit contains hazardous voltages and
should only be opened by a trained and qualified technician. To
avoid the possibility of electric shock, disconnect electric power to
the product before connecting or disconnecting the LAN cables. 
E1
Warning
Do not work on equipment or cables during periods of lightning
activity.  E2
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
63
Chapter 3: Beginning the Installation
Warning
Class I Equipment. This equipment must be earthed. The power
plug must be connected to a properly wired earth ground socket
outlet. An improperly wired socket outlet could place hazardous
voltages on accessible metal parts.  E4
Note
Pluggable Equipment. The socket outlet shall be installed near the
equipment and shall be easily accessible.  E5
Caution
Air vents must not be blocked and must have free access to the
room ambient air for cooling.  E6
Warning
Operating Temperature. This product is designed for a maximum
ambient temperature of 40° degrees C.  E7
Note
All Countries: Install product in accordance with local and National
Electrical Codes.  E8
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel are allowed to install or replace
this equipment.  E14
Caution
Circuit Overloading: Consideration should be given to the
connection of the equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that
overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection and
supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate
ratings should be used when addressing this concern.  E21
64
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Caution
Risk of explosion if battery is replaced by an incorrect type. Replace
only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
Attention: Le remplacement de la batterie par une batterie de type
incorrect peut provoquer un danger d’explosion. La remplacer
uniquement par une batterie du même type ou de type équivalent
recommandée par le constructeur. Les batteries doivent être
éliminées conformément aux instructions du constructeur.  E22
Warning
Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a
hazardous condition is not created due to uneven mechanical
loading.  E25
Note
Use dedicated power circuits or power conditioners to supply reliable
electrical power to the device.  E27
Warning
This unit might have more than one power cord. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the unit.
 E30
Note
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater than
the room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration should be
given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible with
the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient temperature (Tmra). 
E35
Caution
Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the
amount of air flow required for safe operation of the equipment is not
compromised.  E36
65
Chapter 3: Beginning the Installation
Warning
Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be maintained.
Particular attention should be given to supply connections other than
direct connections to the branch circuits (e.g., use of power strips).
 E37
Warning
To reduce the risk of electric shock, the PoE ports on this product
must not connect to cabling that is routed outside the building where
this device is located.  E40
Caution
The unit does not contain serviceable components. Please return
damaged units for servicing.  E42
Warning
When you remove an SFP module from this product, the case
temperature of the SFP may exceed 40° C (158° F) Exercise caution
when handling with unprotected hands.  E43
66
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Planning the Installation
Observe these requirements when planning the installation of the stack.
Warning
The switches of a stack should only be installed in a standard 19inch equipment rack. Allied Telesis does not recommend placing
switches on top of one another on a table or desktop because that
could present a personal safety hazard if you need to move or
replace switches.
Choosing the
Switches of the
Stack

Check that the equipment rack is safely secured and will not tip
over. Devices in a rack should be installed starting at the bottom,
with the heavier devices near the bottom of the rack.

Check that the power outlets for the switches are located near the
devices and are easily accessible.

Verify that the site provides easy access to the ports on the front of
the switches. This will make it easy for you to connect and
disconnect cables, as well as view the port LEDs.

Check that the site allows for adequate air flow around the units
and through the cooling vents on the front and rear panels. (The
ventilation direction in units that have a cooling fan is from front to
back, with the fan on the back panel drawing the air out of the unit.)

Do not place objects on top of the switch.

Do not expose the switch to moisture or water.

Make sure the site is a dust-free environment.

Use dedicated power circuits or power conditioners to supply
reliable electrical power to the network devices.

Do not install the switch in a wiring or utility box because it will
overheat and fail from inadequate airflow.
Here are the guidelines for choosing the switches of the stack:

The stack can have up to eight 8100S Series switches or 208
ports.

The stack can have different 8100S Series switch models.

Any 8100S Series switch model can be the master switch of the
stack.
67
Chapter 3: Beginning the Installation
To count the ports on the twisted pair models, include the two 10/100/
1000Base-T ports along with the 10/100Base-TX ports, but not the SFP
slots. For example, a stack of AT-8100S/24 Switches could have up to
eight units:
8 switches x 26 ports = 208 ports
To count the ports on the fiber optic models, include the fiber optic, 10/
100Base-TX, and 10/100/1000Base-T ports, but not the SFP slots. For
example, a stack of AT-8100S/24F-LC Switches could have eights units:
8 switches x 26 ports = 208 ports
Choosing a Site
The switches of a stack should be installed in a standard 19-inch
equipment rack and not more than one meter apart, the length of the
stacking cable. The end switches cannot be more than one meter apart if
you want to create the duplex-ring topology, shown in Figure 17.
Figure 17. Switches in an Equipment Rack
You may place the switches side-by-side on a table or desktop, as shown
in Figure 18. However, you will not be able to create the duplex-ring
topology with a stack of three or more switches, because the distance
between the end switches will be more than one meter.
Figure 18. Stack on a Table or Desktop
68
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Unpacking the Switch
Refer to the figures in this section to verify the contents of the shipping
container of the switch. If any items are missing or damaged, contact your
Allied Telesis sales representative for assistance.
8100S Series
Switches
The 8100S Series switches, except the AT-8100S/24C Switch, come with
the components listed in Figure 19.
One 8100S Series switch
One 2 m (6.6 ft) local management cable with
RJ-45 (8P8C) and DB-9 (D-sub 9-pin)
connectors.
One 1 m (3.3 ft) stacking cable with two type A
HDMI connectors.
Two rack mounting brackets
Two regional AC power cords
(Not included with DC
powered switches.)
Eight bracket screws
Figure 19. Components of the 8100S Series Switches
69
Chapter 3: Beginning the Installation
AT-8100S/24C
Switch
The AT-8100S/24C Switch comes with the items listed in Figure 20.
One AT-8100S/24C Switch
One 2 m (6.6 ft) local management cable with
RJ-45 (8P8C) and DB-9 (D-sub 9-pin)
connectors.
One 1 m (3.3 ft) stacking cable with two type A
HDMI connectors.
One short rack mounting bracket
One long rack mounting bracket
One regional AC power cord
Eight bracket screws
Figure 20. Components of the AT-8100S/24C Switch
Note
You should retain the original packaging material in the event you
need to return the unit to Allied Telesis.
70
Chapter 4
Installing and Labeling the Switches in
an Equipment Rack
Here are the procedures in this chapter:

“Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack” on page 72

“Labeling the Switches” on page 77
71
Chapter 4: Installing and Labeling the Switches in an Equipment Rack
Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack
This procedure requires the following items:

Eight bracket screws (included with the switch)

Two equipment rack brackets (included with the switch)

Flat-head screwdriver (not provided)

Cross-head screwdriver (not provided)

Four standard equipment rack screws (not provided)
Perform this procedure to install the switch in a 19-inch equipment rack,
Caution
The chassis may be heavy and awkward to lift. Allied Telesis
recommends that you get assistance when mounting the chassis in
an equipment rack.  E28
1. Place the unit upside down on a level, secure surface.
Figure 21. Turning the Switch Upside Down
2. Using a flat-head screwdriver, pry the rubber feet from the bottom of
the switch.
Figure 22. Removing the Rubber Feet
3. Turn the switch over.
72
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
4. For all switches except the AT-8100S/24C Switch, secure the two rack
mount brackets to the sides of the switch using the eight bracket
screws included with the unit. Figure 23 here and Figure 24 on page
74 illustrate the four possible bracket positions.
Figure 23. Attaching the Brackets to Install the Switch in an Equipment
Rack
73
Chapter 4: Installing and Labeling the Switches in an Equipment Rack
Figure 24. Attaching the Brackets to Install the Switch in an Equipment
Rack (Continued)
The AT-8100S/24C Switch comes with two short brackets and one
long bracket. To install the device in an equipment rack, use one of the
short brackets and the long bracket. Allied Telesis recommends
installing the short bracket on the right side and the long bracket on the
left side, as you face the front of the unit, so that the stacking ports on
the unit align with the same ports on other 8100S Series switches in
the equipment rack. The possible positions of the brackets are shown
in Figure 25 here and Figure 26 on page 75.
Figure 25. Attaching the Brackets to the AT-8100S/24C Switch to Install
the Switch in an Equipment Rack
74
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Figure 26. Attaching the Brackets to the AT-8100S/24C Switch to Install
the Switch in an Equipment Rack (Continued)
75
Chapter 4: Installing and Labeling the Switches in an Equipment Rack
5. Have another person hold the switch in the equipment rack while you
secure it using standard screws (not provided).
Figure 27. Mounting the Switch in an Equipment Rack
Repeat this procedure to install all of the switches in the equipment rack.
Afterwards, go to “Labeling the Switches” on page 77.
76
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Labeling the Switches
Starting with the top or bottom switch of the stack, assign each unit a
number starting with 1 and affix labels with the numbers to their front
panels or adjacent to the units on the equipment rack. The numbers will be
their stack ID numbers, which you’ll assign in Chapter 5, “Assigning the
Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 79. The
number has a range of 1 to 8. An example of a stack with four switches is
shown in Figure 28. Please review the following before numbering the
switches:

The labels should also include the MAC addresses of the switches,
which are found on the labels on the back panels. Including the
MAC addresses on the labels makes it easier to verify the
composition of the stack.

Although the switches can be numbered in any order, numbering
them in sequence starting with the top or bottom switch makes it
easier to identify and manage them.

The switch assigned stack ID number 1 is the master switch of the
stack. In a stack with different models of 8100S Series switches,
the master switch can be any model.
Figure 28. Labelling the Switches
After labeling the units, go to Chapter 5, “Assigning the Stack ID Numbers
and Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 79.
77
Chapter 4: Installing and Labeling the Switches in an Equipment Rack
78
Chapter 5
Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and
Cabling the Stacking Ports
The procedures in this chapter explain how to configure the stack ID
numbers on the switches and cable the S1 and S2 stacking ports:

“Powering on a Switch” on page 80

“Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers” on page 82

“Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87
You must assign the stack ID numbers before cabling the S1 and S2
stacking ports.
79
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports
Powering on a Switch
Power on one of the switches in the stack with these instructions.
1. Plug the power cord into the AC power connector on the back panel of
the unit (see Figure 29).
Note
If you are installing a DC powered switch, refer to “Powering On DC
Switches” on page 97.
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
Warning
This unit might have more than one power cord. To reduce the risk
of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
Figure 29. Connecting the AC Power Cord
80
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
2. Connect the other end of the power cord to an appropriate AC power
outlet. For power specifications for the switch, refer to “Power
Specifications” on page 132.
3. Wait one minute for the switch to initialize its management software
and then go to “Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers” on
page 82. For instructions on how to monitor the initialization
processes, refer to “Monitoring the Initialization Processes” on
page 93.
81
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports
Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers
After the switch has initialized its management software, examine the
number displayed on the Stack ID LED to see if it matches the number you
want it to have in the stack. (This is the number you wrote on the switch’s
label in “Labeling the Switches” on page 77.) Do one of the following:

If the switch’s current ID number displayed on the Stack ID LED is
different from the intended ID number for the unit, perform the
following procedures to change it.

If the switch’s current ID number is the same as the intended ID
number for the unit, you do not need to set it because it is already
set correctly. Power off the switch and perform the procedure
“Powering on a Switch” on page 80 on the next switch in the stack.
If you have verified and set the ID numbers on all of the switches,
go to “Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87.
You may set the stack ID number on the switch from a local management
session using the Console port or, because the switch has a factory IP
address, from a Telnet management session from any of the unit’s
networking ports. If you prefer to use the Console port, go to “Starting a
Local Management Session,” next. To use the Telnet application protocol,
go to “Starting a Telnet Management Session” on page 83. (You cannot
use the web browser management interface to change the switch’s stack
ID number.)
Caution
Setting the stack ID number resets the switch. Some network traffic
may be lost if the device is connected to a live network.
Starting a Local
Management
Session
This procedure requires a terminal or a terminal emulator program and the
management cable that comes with the switch. To start a local
management session on the switch:
1. Connect the RJ-45 end of the management cable included with the
8100S Switch to the Console port on the front panel of the switch, as
shown in Figure 30 on page 83.
82
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Figure 30. Connecting the Management Cable to the RJ-45 Terminal Port
on the Switch
2. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or
a personal computer with a terminal emulation program.
3. Configure the terminal or terminal emulation program as follows:

Baud rate: Default is 9600 bps (Range is 9600 to 115200 bps)

Data bits: 8

Parity: None

Stop bits: 1

Flow control: None
Note
The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal, or an
equivalent terminal emulator program.
4. Press Enter.
5. When prompted for a user name, go to “Changing the Stack ID
Number” on page 85.
Starting a Telnet
Management
Session
Setting the stack ID number from a Telnet management session requires
Telnet client software on your computer. This procedure assumes that you
will be connecting your computer to a twisted pair port on the switch. To
start a Telnet management session on the switch using the factory IP
address:
1. Assign your management workstation the IP address 169.254.n.n, with
the subnet mask 255.255.0.0. The variable n can be from 1 to 255.
You may not use the switch’s IP address 169.254.1.1. Refer to your
computer’s documentation for instructions on how to set the IP
address.
83
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports
Note
Your computer automatically defaults to an 169.254.n.n address if it
is running a DHCP client and does not receive a response from a
DHCP server. To have a DHCP client assign the address,
disconnect your computer from your network, power it on, wait for
the DHCP client to generate the IP address 169.254.n.n, and then
connect the computer to your new 8100S Series switch.
2. Connect a straight-through twisted pair cable to one of the networking
ports on the switch. You may connect the cable to any of the ports,
except the Console port, which is not a networking port.
Figure 31. Connecting the Twisted Pair Cable to a Networking Port on the
Switch
Note
The switch does not come with twisted pair cables.
3. Connect the other end of the cable to the Ethernet port on your
computer.
4. Start the Telnet client on your computer and specify the switch’s IP
address, 169.254.1.1.
5. When prompted for a user name, go to “Changing the Stack ID
Number” on page 85.
84
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Changing the
Stack ID Number
To set the stack ID number:
1. When prompted, enter a user name and password to log on the switch.
If this is the initial management session of the switch, enter “manager”
as the user name “friend” as the password. The user name and
password are case sensitive.
The local management session has started when the AlliedWare
Plus™ command line prompt, shown in Figure 32 is displayed.
awplus>
Figure 32. AlliedWare Plus Command Line Prompt
2. Enter the ENABLE and CONFIGURE TERMINAL commands to move
to the Global Configuration mode.
awplus> enable
awplus# configure terminal
awplus(config)#
3. To set the switch’s ID number, use the STACK command, in this
format:
stack old_id renumber new_id
The OLD_ID parameter is the switch’s current ID number, displayed on
the stack ID LED. The NEW_ID parameter will be the switch’s new ID
number, found on the label that you added to the switch in “Labeling
the Switches” on page 77. In this example of the command, the
switch’s current ID number is 0 and its new number is 1:
awplus(config)# stack 0 renumber 1
This confirmation prompt is displayed.
*** Warning Stack renumbering requires immediate reboot ***
Stack will restart with new Device ID, all ports will
have new numbering and any port configurations will
probably be lost.
Renumber and reboot system ? (y/n):
Figure 33. STACK Command Confirmation Prompt
Caution
The STACK command resets the switch. Some network traffic may
be lost if the switch is already connected to a live network.
85
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports
4. Type Y to change the switch’s ID number and reset the unit, or N to
cancel the procedure.
5. Wait for the switch to initialize its management software and
afterwards examine the Stack ID LED again to confirm that it’s
displaying the correct stack ID number for the switch. For example, if
in step 3 you assigned the switch the ID number 2, then the stack ID
LED should be displaying the number 2.
6. Disconnect the AC power cord from the switch and the power source.
7. Return to “Powering on a Switch” on page 80 to verify and set the
stack ID number of the next switch in the stack. If there are no further
switches, go to “Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87.
86
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Cabling the Stacking Ports
Now that you’ve assigned and verified the stack ID numbers of the
switches, you may connect the stacking cables to the S1 and S2 stacking
ports on the front panels of the units. A stacking cable must crossover to
different stacking ports on two switches, such that it connects the S1 port
on one switch to the S2 port one another switch.
Note
All the switches should be powered off.
1. Starting with the top switch, connect one end of a stacking cable to
either the S1 or S2 port.
2. Connect the other end of the same cable to one of the stacking ports
on the second switch, being sure that the cable crosses over to a
different port. In the example shown in Figure 34, port S1 on the first
switch is connected to port S2 on the second switch.
Caution
Do not connect two S1 or S2 ports together.
Figure 34. Connecting the Stacking Cable
3. If the stack has more than two switches, repeat this with the remaining
devices, being sure that the two connectors on a stacking cable
connect to different stacking ports.
87
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports
An example of a stack of four switches is shown in this figure.
Figure 35. Example Stack of Four Switches
88
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
4. To add a redundant path to the stack, connect a stacking cable to the
empty stacking ports on the top and bottom switches.
An example of a stack with a redundant path is shown in Figure 36.
Figure 36. Example Stack of Four Switches with a Redundant Path
5. Go to Chapter 6, “Powering On and Verifying the Stack” on page 91.
89
Chapter 5: Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports
90
Chapter 6
Powering On and Verifying the Stack
The procedures in this chapter are listed here:

“Powering on AC Switches” on page 92

“Powering On DC Switches” on page 97

“Verifying the Installation” on page 101
91
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack
Powering on AC Switches
To power on the stack for the first time, connect the power cords to the
connectors on the back panels and to the appropriate power sources. All
of the models have two power supplies with separate connectors. The
only exception is the AT-8100S/24C Switch, which has only one power
supply.
Figure 37. Plugging in the AC Power Cords
Consider the following items as you power on the stack:
92

You should power on the member switches first, wait a few
seconds, and then power on the master switch. The master switch
is the unit with the lowest stack ID number.

You can protect a switch from a power circuit failure by connecting
its two power cords to power sources that are on different circuits.

The AT-8100S/24POE Switch supports 370 watts of PoE only
when both internal power supplies are connected to power
sources. The switch haS a PoE budget of 185 watts if only one
power supply is functional. For background information, refer to
“Power Supplies” on page 48.

For the power specifications, refer to “Power Specifications” on
page 132.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Warning
Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To de-energize
equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
Note
Pluggable Equipment. The socket outlet shall be installed near the
equipment and shall be easily accessible.  E5
Monitoring the
Initialization
Processes
It takes a minimum of three minutes for the switches of the stack to
initialize their management software programs and features, perform the
discovery process, and load the configuration file. You may monitor the
processes by watching the LEDs on the front panel. Table 16 provides the
various phases of the entire initialization process and the approximate
time intervals the phases require. The time length of phase 5, loading the
configuration file, varies from a few seconds to four minutes, depending on
the number and complexity of the commands in the file. The Stack ID LED
acts differently depending on whether the unit is powered on or reset with
the RELOAD or RESET command.
Table 16. LEDs and Management Software Initialization
Initialize Management
Software
Initialize
Features
DIscovery
Process
Load
Configuration File
Phase 5:
varies
LEDs
Phase 1:
15 seconds
Phase 2:
15 seconds
Phase 3:
10 seconds
Phase 4:
80 seconds
On
On
Off
Off
Off
10/100/1000Base-T port On
and SFP slot LEDs
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Flashing
On
On
RELOAD or
On
RESET command
On
Flashing
On
On
Base port LEDs
Stack ID LED
Power cycle
The base port LEDs are on in phases 1 and 2 if they are connected to live
network devices. Otherwise, they are off. The 10/100/1000Base-T port
and SFP LEDs are on in phase 1 regardless of whether they are
connected to live network devices.
93
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack
You may also monitor the processes by connecting a terminal or computer
with has a terminal emulator program to the Console port on the master
switch. The messages in Figure 38 here, Figure 39 on page 95, and
Figure 40 on page 96 are displayed during the initialization process.
CFE-NTSW-5.0.0 for BCM956218 (32bit,SP,BE,MIPS)
Build Date: Wed Jul 23 13:47:51 PDT 2008 (jwong@tiramisu)
Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Broadcom Corporation.
Initializing Arena.
Initializing Devices.
Board : BCM956218K48
CPU type 0x2901A: 266MHz
Total memory: 0x8000000 bytes (128MB)
Total memory used by CFE:
0x87EBB000 - 0x87FFF6C0 (1328832)
Initialized Data:
0x87EFA224 - 0x87EFC4F0 (8908)
BSS Area:
0x87EFC4F0 - 0x87EFD6C0 (4560)
Local Heap:
0x87EFD6C0 - 0x87FFD6C0 (1048576)
Stack Area:
0x87FFD6C0 - 0x87FFF6C0 (8192)
Text (code) segment:
0x87EBB000 - 0x87EF9AE3 (256739)
Boot area (physical):
0x07E7A000 - 0x07EBA000
Relocation Factor:
I:E82BB000 - D:E82BB000
Loader:elf Filesys:raw Dev:flash0.os-Linux File:ATI Options:(null)
Loading: 0x80001000/2341892 0x8023e000/12135086 0x80dd0aae/185714 Entry
at 0x8026c000
Starting program at 0x8026c000
/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin
Starting SNMP...
Starting MainTask...
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
Initializing
System .................................
Board ..................................
Serial Interface .......................
Timer Library ..........................
IPC ....................................
Event Log ..............................
Switch Models ..........................
File System ............................
Database ...............................
Configuration ..........................
AW+ CLI ................................
Drivers ................................
Port ...................................
Trunk ..................................
Port Security ..........................
LACP ...................................
PORT VLAN ..............................
Port Mirroring .........................
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
done!
Figure 38. Switch Initialization Messages
94
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Initializing Port Statistics ........................ done!
Initializing Snmp Service ........................... done!
Initializing Web Service ............................ done!
Initializing Monitor ................................ done!
Initializing STP .................................... done!
Initializing SPANNING TREE .......................... done!
Initializing L2_MGMT ................................ done!
Initializing LLDP_RX ................................ done!
Initializing LLDP_TX ................................ done!
Initializing GARP ................................... done!
Initializing GARP Post Init Task .................... done!
Initializing IGMPSnoop .............................. done!
Initializing SYS_MGMT ............................... done!
Initializing SWITCH_MGMT ............................ done!
Initializing L2APP_MGMT ............................. done!
Initializing SNMP_MGMT .............................. done!
Initializing Authentication ......................... done!
Initializing TCPIP .................................. done!
Initializing Default VLAN .......................... done!
Initializing ENCO ................................... done!
Initializing PKI .................................... done!
Initializing PortAccess ............................. done!
Initializing PAAcctRcv .............................. done!
Initializing SSH .................................... done!
Initializing IFM .................................... done!
Initializing IFMV6 .................................. done!
Initializing RTM .................................... done!
Initializing FTAB ................................... done!
Initializing FTABV6 ................................. done!
Initializing ACM .................................... done!
Initializing Filter ................................. done!
Initializing L3_MGMT ................................ done!
Initializing L3APP_MGMT ............................. done!
Initializing SFLOW .................................. done!
Initializing NTP .................................... done!
Initializing CPU_HIST ............................... done!
Initializing EStacking .............................. done!
Initializing MGMT_MGMT .............................. done!
Initializing PSTACK ................................. done!
Please wait while Stack is being detected ........... done!
Stack is Active, beginning initialization ... Please Wait ...
Starting Master election, please wait...
Master election is done! Switch 1 (00:00:54:55:56:01) is the master.
Figure 39. Switch Initialization Messages (Continued)
95
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack
Stack topology discovery is in process... Please Wait
Loading configuration file “boot.cfg” .... done!
Sending Configuration file to all slaves. Please wait...
00000001
Sending configuration file done!
Press <ENTER> key to connect...
New Switch 2 (00:15:77:99:99:91) is added into stack
Figure 40. Switch Initialization Messages (Continued)
At this point, the stack is operational and ready to forward network traffic.
Before connecting the network cables, go to “Verifying the Installation” on
page 101.
Note
After the stack becomes operational, the stack ID LEDs on the
master and member switches flash the ID numbers and code letter
“H” every few seconds. This is normal for the LEDs when the
switches are operating in a stack configuration.
96
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Powering On DC Switches
Perform this procedure to power on a stack of DC 8100S Series switches:
Warning
As a safety precaution, install a circuit breaker with a minimum value
of 15 Amps between the equipment and the DC power source.
Always connect the wires to the LAN equipment first before you
connect the wires to the circuit breaker. Do not work with HOT feeds
to avoid the danger of physical injury from electrical shock. Always
be sure that the circuit breaker is in the OFF position before
connecting the wires to the breaker. E9
Warning
For centralized DC power connection, install only in a restricted
access area.  E23
Note
A tray cable is required to connect the power source if the unit is
powered by centralized DC power. The tray cable must be a UL
listed Type TC tray cable and rated at 600 V and 90 degrees C, with
three conductors, minimum 14 AWG.  E24
Note
The AT-8100S/24 Switch is currently the only model with a DC
power supply option. For details on the availability of other DC
models, contact your Allied Telesis representative.
1. Power off the DC circuit to which the switch will be connected.
2. Use the legend below the terminal block to identify the terminals. The
terminals are positive, power supply ground, and negative, from left
to right, as shown in Figure 41 on page 98.
97
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack
Positive
Terminal
Ground
Terminal
Negative
Terminal
Figure 41. DC Terminal Block
3. With a 14-gauge wire-stripping tool, strip the three wires in the tray
cable coming from the DC input power source to 8mm  1mm (0.31 in.,
 0.039 in.), as shown in Figure 42 on page 98.
Warning
Do not strip more than the recommended amount of wire. Stripping
more than the recommended amount can create a safety hazard by
leaving exposed wire on the terminal block after installation.  E10
Figure 42. Stripped Wire
4. Insert the power supply ground wire into the middle connector of the
DC terminal and tighten the connection with a flathead screwdriver, as
shown in Figure 43 on page 99.
Warning
When installing this equipment, always ensure that the power supply
ground connection is installed first and disconnected last.  E11
98
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Figure 43. Inserting Wires into the DC Terminal Block
5. Connect the positive feed wire to the terminal block marked + (plus).
6. Connect the negative feed wire to the terminal block marked - (minus).
Warning
Check to see if there are any exposed copper strands coming from
the installed wires. When this installation is done correctly there
should be no exposed copper wire strands extending from the
terminal block. Any exposed wiring can conduct harmful levels of
electricity to persons touching the wires.  E12
7. Secure the tray cable near the rack framework using multiple cable ties
to minimize the chance of the connections being disturbed by casual
contact with the wiring. Use at least four cable ties, separated four
inches apart. Locate the first one within six inches of the terminal
block.
Note
This system will work with a positive grounded or negative grounded
DC system.  E13
8. Verify that the circuit breaker is in the OFF position.
9. Connect the supply-cable wires to the circuit breaker.
10. Energize the circuit breaker.
It takes the switches of a stack a minimum of two minutes to initialize
their management software and activate the default settings. For
instructions on how to monitor the processes, refer to “Monitoring the
Initialization Processes” on page 93.
99
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack
11. Repeat this procedure to power on the second power supply.
Warning
This unit might have more than one power source. To reduce the
risk of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
12. Repeat this procedure to power on the other switches in the stack.
At this point, the stack is operational and ready to forward network traffic.
Before connecting the network cables, go to the next procedure, “Verifying
the Installation” on page 101.
100
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Verifying the Installation
To verify the installation of the stack, perform the following procedure:
1. Establish a local or Telnet management session on the master switch
of the stack. For instructions, refer to “Starting a Local Management
Session” on page 82 or “Starting a Telnet Management Session” on
page 83. If you are establishing a local management session, you
must use the Console port on the master switch, which has the lowest
ID number of all the switches in the stack.
2. Move to the Privileged Exec mode with the ENABLE command and
then enter the SHOW STACK command:
awplus> enable
awplus# show stack
The command lists the switches in the stack. An example is show in
Figure 44.
Stack Info:
Number of Modules:
Topology:
Local Module ID:
Local MAC Address:
Master Module ID:
Master MAC Address:
4
Chain
1
00:00:54:55:56:18
1
00:00:54:55:56:18
----------------------------------------------------------DeviceID
MACADDRESS
SwVer
Model
----------------------------------------------------------1
00:00:54:55:56:18
2.2.2
AT-8100S/24
2
00:00:54:55:56:c4
2.2.2
AT-8100S/24POE
3
00:00:54:55:56:30
2.2.2
AT-8100S/24C
4
00:00:54:55:56:92
2.2.2
AT-8100S/24POE
Figure 44. SHOW STACK Command
3. Match the entries in the table with the switches in the equipment rack
by referring to the labels on the front panels of the units. The ID
number and MAC address on a switch’s label should match the unit’s
entry in the table. For example, the switch labeled 2 and assigned the
stack ID number 2 should correspond to DeviceID 2 in the table.
If there is a mismatch or if the window is not displaying all of the
switches, you may have connected the stacking cables incorrectly or
assigned the wrong stack ID number to a switch. To correct the
problem, try the following:

Verify that the S1 and S2 ports are properly cabled. The stacking
cables must crossover to different ports on the switches. For
instructions, refer to “Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87.
101
Chapter 6: Powering On and Verifying the Stack

Examine the stack ID LEDs to verify that each switch has been
assigned a unique ID number, in the range of 1 to 8. If there are
switches with duplicate numbers, power off the stack and perform
the procedures in Chapter 5, “Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and
Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 79. (The stack ID number
must be set while the switch is functioning as a stand-alone unit.)
The stack is operating correctly when the physical switches
correspond correctly with the information the SHOW STACK command
displays.
4. To continue with the installation, go to Chapter 7, “Cabling the Network
Ports” on page 103.
102
Chapter 7
Cabling the Network Ports
This chapter contains the following procedures:

“Cabling the Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Ports” on page 104

“Installing Optional SFP Transceivers” on page 106

“Managing the Stack” on page 110
103
Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports
Cabling the Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Ports
This section contains the guidelines to cabling the twisted pair and fiber
optic ports.
Twisted Pair
Ports
104
Here are the guidelines to cabling the 10/100Base-TX and 10/100/
1000Base-T twisted pair ports:

The cable specifications for the 10/100Base-TX and 10/100/
1000Base-T twisted pair ports are listed in Table 6 on page 31 and
Table 7 on page 33, respectively.

The connectors on the cables should fit snugly into the ports, and
the tabs should lock the connectors into place.

The default setting for the wiring configurations of the ports is autoMDI/MDI-X. The default setting is appropriate for switch ports that
are connected to 10/100Base-TX network devices that also
support auto-MDI/MDI-X.

The default auto-MDI/MDI-X setting is not appropriate for switch
ports that are connected to 10/100Base-TX network devices that
do not support auto-MDI/MDI-X and have a fixed wiring
configuration. For switch ports connected to those types of network
devices, you should disable auto-MDI/MDI-X and set the wiring
configurations manually.

The appropriate MDI/MDI-X setting for a switch port connected to a
10/100Base-TX network device with a fixed wiring configuration
depends on the setting of the network device and whether the
switch and network device are connected with straight-through or
crossover cable. If you are using straight-through twisted pair
cable, the wiring configurations of a port on the switch and a port
on a network device must be opposite each other, such that one
port uses MDI and the other MDI-X. For example, if a network
device has a fixed wiring configuration of MDI, you must disable
auto-MDI/MDI-X on the corresponding switch port and manually
set it to MDI-X. If you are using crossover twisted pair cable, the
wiring configurations of a port on the switch and a port on a
network device must be the same.

The default speed setting for the ports is Auto-Negotiation. This
setting is appropriate for ports connected to network devices that
also support Aut-Negotiation.

The default speed setting of Auto-Negotiation is not appropriate for
ports connected to 10/100Base-TX network devices that do not
support Auto-Negotiation and have fixed speeds. For those switch
ports, you should disable Auto-Negotiation and set the port’s
speed manually to match the speeds of the network devices.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Fiber Optic Ports
General
Guidelines

The 10/100/1000Base-T ports must be set to Auto-Negotiation, the
default setting, to operate at 1000Mbps.

The default duplex mode setting for the ports is Auto-Negotiation.
This setting is appropriate for ports connected to network devices
that also support Auto-Negotiation for duplex modes.

The default duplex mode setting of Auto-Negotiation is not
appropriate for ports connected to network devices that do not
support Auto-Negotiation and have a fixed duplex mode. You
should disable Auto-Negotiation on those ports and set their duplex
modes manually to avoid the possibility of duplex mode
mismatches. A switch port using Auto-Negotiation defaults to halfduplex if it detects that the end node is not using Auto-Negotiation,
which can result in a mismatch if the end node is operating at a
fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.
Here are the guidelines to cabling the 100Base-FX fiber optic ports on the
AT-8100S/16F8-SC and AT-8100S/16F8-LC Switches:

The cable specifications for the 100Base-FX fiber optic ports are
listed in Table 3 on page 25.

Do not remove the dust covers from the fiber optic ports until you
are ready to connect the fiber optic cables. Dust contamination can
adversely affect the operations of the ports.

The connectors on the cables should fit snugly into the ports, and
the tabs should lock the connectors into place.
These guidelines apply to both the twisted pair and fiber optic ports:

You should not connect the cables to ports of static or LACP port
trunks until after you have created the trunks using the switch’s
management software. Connecting the cables before creating the
trunks will result in network loops, which can adversely affect
network performance.

If your network topology contains a loop where two or more
network devices can communicate with each other over more than
one network path, do not connect the network cables that form the
loop until after you activate one of the spanning tree protocols on
the stack. Data loops can adversely affect network performance.
For background information on the spanning tree protocols, refer to
the AT-8100 Series AlliedWare Plus Command Line Interface
User’s Guide.
105
Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports
Installing Optional SFP Transceivers
Review the following guidelines before installing optional SFP transceivers
in the switch:

The SFP slots are part of combo ports, with 10/100/1000Base-T
ports. For operational information, refer to “SFP Slots” on page 34.

SFP transceivers can be hot-swapped while the switch is powered
on. However, you should always disconnect the fiber optic cables
first before removing a transceiver.

You should install the transceiver before connecting the fiber optic
cable.

Fiber optic transceivers are dust sensitive. Always keep the plug in
the optical bores when a fiber optic cable is not installed, or when
you store the transceiver. When you do remove the plug, keep it
for future use.

Unnecessary removal and insertion of a transceiver can lead to
premature failure.
Warning
A transceiver can be damaged by static electricity. Be sure to
observe all standard electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions,
such as wearing an antistatic wrist strap, to avoid damaging the
device.
Note
The cable specifications of optional SFP transceivers are found in
the installation guides that ship with the devices.
To install an SFP transceiver:
1. Remove the dust plug from a transceiver slot on the switch. Refer to
Figure 45 on page 107.
106
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Figure 45. Removing the Dust Plug from an SFP Slot
2. Remove the transceiver from its shipping container and store the
packaging material in a safe location.
3. If you are installing the transceiver in the top SFP slot, position the
transceiver with the Allied Telesis label facing up. If you are installing
the transceiver in the bottom slot, position the transceiver with the label
facing down.
4. Slide the transceiver into the slot until it clicks into place.
Figure 46. Installing an SFP Transceiver
5. Remove the dust cover from the module, as shown in Figure 47 on
page 108.
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Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports
Figure 47. Removing the Dust Cover from the SFP Module
6. Verify that the handle on the SFP transceiver is in the upright position,
as shown in Figure 48.
SFP Handle
Figure 48. Positioning the SFP Handle in the Upright Position
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
7. Connect the fiber optic cable to the SFP module, as shown in
Figure 49.
Figure 49. Connecting the Fiber Optic Cable to the SFP Module
8. Repeat this procedure if you have other SFP transceivers to install.
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Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports
Managing the Stack
You may manage an 8100S Series stack with these methods and tools:
Local
Management

Local management

Telnet client

Secure shell client

Web browser

SNMPv1, v2C, v3
You may manage a stack through the Console port on the master switch.
This is called local management or out-of-band management because the
management sessions are not conducted over your network. The
requirements for local management are listed here:

A terminal or computer with a terminal emulator program

The management cable included with the switch.
This management method uses the command line interface, which gives
you access to all of the features and parameters on the stack. For
instructions on how to start a local management session, refer to
“Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers” on page 82.
Note
Local management sessions of the stack must be conducted
through the Console port of the master switch.
Telnet
Management
110
The stack has a Telnet server so that you may manage it over your
network with the Telnet application protocol. Commonly referred to as inband management because it is conducted over the network, this
management method has these requirements:

Your management workstation must have a Telnet client.

The Telnet server on the stack has to be activated. This is the
server’s default setting.

The stack must have an IP address. You may use the factory
169.254.1.1 address assigned to the Default VLAN which contains
all of the ports on the stack. For instructions on how to assign the
stack a different address, refer to the AT-8100 Series AlliedWare
Plus Command Line Interface User’s Guide.

You need to assign your management workstation an IP address
169.254.n.n, with the subnet mask 255.255.0.0 or your workstation
must have access to that subnet through routing devices. The
variable n can be from 1 to 255. You may not use the switch’s IP
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
address 169.254.1.1. Refer to your computer’s documentation for
instructions on how to set the IP address.
Note
Your computer automatically defaults to an 169.254.n.n address if it
is running a DHCP client and does not receive a response from a
DHCP server. To have a DHCP client assign the address,
disconnect your computer from your network, power it on, wait for
the DHCP client to generate the IP address 169.254.n.n, and then
connect the computer to your new 8100L or 8100S Series switch.
Telnet management uses the Command Line Interface, which gives you
access to all of the features and parameter settings on the stack. For
instructions on how to start a Telnet management session, refer to
“Starting a Telnet Management Session” on page 83.
Telnet management sessions are not secure and are vulnerable to
snooping because the management packets are sent in plain text. The
security of the stack may be jeopardized if an intruder captures the packet
containing your username and password. For secure remote
management, use the secure shell protocol.
Secure Shell
Management
Secure shell management is similar to Telnet management in that you
may use it, together with the Command Line Interface, to manage all of the
features and functions of the stack, from a workstation on your network.
The difference is that this management method encrypts the packets
exchanged by your computer and the stack to protect your management
sessions.
Here are the requirements for SSH management:

Your management workstation must have an SSH client.

The SSH server on the stack has to be activated. The server’s
default setting is disabled.

You have to create an encryption key on the stack.

The stack must have an IP address. You may use the factory
169.254.1.1 address assigned to the Default VLAN.

You need to assign your management workstation an IP address
169.254.n.n with the subnet mask 255.255.0.0 or your workstation
must have access to that subnet through routing devices. The
variable n can be from 1 to 255. You may not use the switch’s IP
address 169.254.1.1. Refer to your computer’s documentation for
instructions on how to set the IP address.
For instructions on how to configure the stack for SSH management, refer
to the AT-8100 Series AlliedWare Plus Command Line Interface User’s
Guide.
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Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports
Web Browser
Management
Yet another way to remotely manage a stack is with a web browser. A
special web browser interface, featuring both non-secure (HTTP) and
secure (HTTPS) operation, lets you monitor and configure many of the
switch’s features from a series of windows. The interface, however, may
only be used to configure a subset of the features. To configure those
features the web browser interface does not support, you have to use the
command line interface from another management method.
Here are the requirements for non-secure HTTP web browser
management:

Your management workstation must have a web browser.

The web browser server on the switch has to be activated. This is
the default setting in the default BOOT.CFG and QSTART.CFG
files.

The switch must have an IP address. You may use the factory
169.254.1.1 address assigned to the Default VLAN.

You need to assign your management workstation an IP address
in the 169.254.n.n subnet or your workstation must have access to
that subnet through routing devices.
For instructions on how to start a web browser management session, refer
to the AT-8100L and AT-8100S Series AlliedWare Plus Web Browser
User’s Guide
SNMP
Specifying Ports
in the Command
Line Interface for
Switches in a
Stack
Refer to the AT-8100 Series AlliedWare Plus Command Line Interface
User’s Guide for instructions on how to configure the stack for SNMP
management. The switch does not have any default SNMP community
strings.
The command line interface of the Local, Telnet, and SSH management
methods gives you the ability to configure all of the features and
parameters on the stack. Many of the commands feature the PORT
parameter, which you use to identify the individual networking ports on the
units in a stack. The parameter has the following format:
port1.0.n
Stack ID
Slot ID
Port Number
Figure 50. PORT Parameter in the Command Line Interface
The first number is the switch’s stack ID number. The stack ID number for
a switch in a stack is displayed by the Stack ID LED.
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
The slot ID value, which is used to specify slot numbers in a multi-module
chassis, does not apply to 8100S Series switches and should always be 0.
The third value is a port number on the switch. You may specify one port
number in a PORT parameter, but you may specify more than one PORT
parameter in many of the commands that support the parameter.
Here is an example of the PORT parameter. It uses the INTERFACE
command to enter the Port Interface mode for ports 15 and 17 on the
switch with the stack ID 1:
awplus> enable
awplus# configure terminal
awplus(config)# interface port1.0.15,port1.0.17
In this example, the INTERFACE command enters the Port Interface
mode for ports 1 to 18 on the switch with the stack ID 3:
awplus> enable
awplus# configure terminal
awplus(config)# interface port3.0.1-port3.0.18
For instructions on the command line interface and the PORT parameter,
refer to the AT-8100 Series AlliedWare Plus Command Line Interface
User’s Guide.
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Chapter 7: Cabling the Network Ports
114
Chapter 8
Troubleshooting
This chapter contains suggestions on how to troubleshoot the switch if a
problem occurs.
Note
For further assistance, please contact Allied Telesis Technical
Support. Refer to “Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 15.
Problem 1: The Stack ID LED on the front of the switch is off.
Solutions: The unit is not receiving power. Try the following:

Verify that the power cord is securely connected to the power
source and to the AC connector on the back panel of the switch.

Verify that the power outlet has power by connecting another
device
to it.

Try connecting the unit to another power source.

Try a different power cord.

Verify that the voltage from the power source is within the required
levels for your region.
Problem 2: The SHOW STACK command does not display all the
switches in the stack:
Solutions: You may have connected the stacking cables incorrectly or
switches may have duplicate stack ID numbers. To correct the problem, try
the following:

Verify that the stacking cables are properly connected to the S1
and S2 ports such that they crossover to different ports. For
instructions, refer to “Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87.

Examine the stack ID LEDs to verify that each switch is assigned a
unique ID number, in the range of 1 to 8. If there are switches with
duplicate numbers, power off the stack and perform the procedures
in Chapter 5, “Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the
Stacking Ports” on page 79. (The stack ID number must be set
while the switch is functioning as a stand-alone unit.)
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Chapter 8: Troubleshooting
Problem 3: The stack ID LEDs on the switches of the stack are flashing
the ID numbers and the letter “H” every few seconds.
Solution: This is normal for the LEDs when the switches are operating in
a stack configuration.
Problem 4: All of the port LEDs are off even though the ports are
connected to active network devices.
Solution: The LEDs may have been turned off. To toggle on the LEDs,
press the eco-friendly button on the front panel. It is important to know that
the eco-friendly buttons on the switches in a stack turn on and off the
LEDs only on their respective units.
Problem 5: A twisted pair port on the switch is connected to a network
device but the port’s LINK/ACT LED is off.
Solutions: The port is unable to establish a link to a network device. Try
the following:

Verify that the network device connected to the twisted pair port is
powered on and is operating properly.

Verify that the port is connected to the correct twisted pair cable.
This is to eliminate the possibility that the port is connected to the
wrong network device.

Try connecting another network device to the twisted pair port with
a different cable. If the twisted pair port is able to establish a link,
then the problem is with the cable or the other network device.

Verify that the twisted pair cable does not exceed 100 meters (328
feet).

Verify that you are using the appropriate category of twisted pair
cable. The cable types are listed in Table 6 on page 31 for the 10/
100Base-TX ports and Table 7 on page 33 for the 10/100/
1000Base-T ports.
Note
A 1000Base-T connection may require five to ten seconds to
establish a link.
Problem 6: The LINK/ACT LED for an SFP transceiver is off.
Solutions: The fiber optic port on the transceiver is unable to establish a
link to a network device. Try the following:
116

Verify that the network device connected to the fiber optic port is
operating properly.

Verify that the fiber optic cable is securely connected to the port on
the SFP module and to the port on the remote network device.
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches

Check that the SFP module is fully inserted in the slot.

Verify that the operating specifications of the fiber optic ports on
the SFP transceiver and the remote network device are
compatible.

Verify that the correct type of fiber optic cabling is being used.

Verify that the port is connected to the correct fiber optic cable.
This is to eliminate the possibility that the port is connected to the
wrong remote network device.

Try connecting another network device to the fiber optic port using
a different cable. If the port is able to establish a link, then the
problem is with either the cable or the other network device.

Use the switch’s management software to verify that the port is
enabled.

If the remote network device is a managed device, use its
management firmware to determine whether its port is enabled.

Test the attenuation on the fiber optic cable with a fiber optic tester
to determine whether the input optical signal is too weak
(sensitivity) or too strong (maximum input power).
Problem 7: Network performance between a twisted pair port on the
switch and a network device is slow.
Solution: There might be a duplex mode mismatch between the port and
the network device. This occurs when a twisted pair port set to AutoNegotiation is connected to a device with a fixed duplex mode of full
duplex. If this is the cause of the problem, adjust the duplex mode of the
port on the network device or on the switch so that both ports are using the
same duplex mode.
Problem 8: The switch functions intermittently.
Solutions: Check the system hardware status through the management
software:

Use the SHOW SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT command in the
Privileged Exec mode to verify that the input voltage from the
power source to the switch is stable and within the approved
operating range. The unit will shutdown if the input voltage
fluctuates above or below the approved operating range.

For switches that have a ventilation fan, use the SHOW SYSTEM
ENVIRONMENT command in the Privileged Exec mode to verify
the operating status of the fan.

Verify that the location of the switch allows for adequate airflow.
The unit will shutdown if it overheats.
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Chapter 8: Troubleshooting
118
Chapter 9
Adding or Removing Switches
The procedures in this chapter explain how to add or remove switches
from the stack. The chapter contains the following sections:

“Removing or Replacing the Master Switch” on page 120

“Adding a New Member Switch” on page 128

“Removing a Member Switch” on page 130
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Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches
Removing or Replacing the Master Switch
This procedure is divided into the following phases:

Phase 1: “Uploading the Active Configuration File” on page 121

Phase 2: “Removing the Current Master Switch” on page 122

Phase 3: “Configuring the New Master Switch” on page 125

Phase 4: “Connecting the New Master Switch to the Stack” on
page 127
The procedures should be performed in the order presented here.
Here are the guidelines to removing or replacing the master switch:

When you power off the master switch, the member switch that
has the lowest ID number of the remaining switches automatically
assumes the role of the master switch of the stack.

The new master switch should be the same model as the current
master switch. Otherwise, the operations of the stack m ay be
unpredictable. For instance, you should not replace an AT-8100S/
16F8-SC Switch with an AT-8100S/24 Switch.

You should not connect the new master switch to the stack until
after you have installed the stack’s configuration file on it.
Otherwise, the entire stack configuration may be lost. The
procedure for this is in “Uploading the Active Configuration File” on
page 121 and “Configuring the New Master Switch” on page 125.
In phase 2 it may be necessary to power off the stack. Here are the
guidelines to determining whether that will be necessary:

You may leave the stack powered on if it is cabled in the duplexring topology, or if it is cabled in the duplex-chain topology and the
master switch is at the end of the stack.

You should power off the stack if it is wired in the duplex-chain
topology and the master switch is located between other switches.
Note
For background information on stack topologies, refer to “Stacking
Port Topologies” on page 55.
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Uploading the
Active
Configuration
File
The first step to replacing the master switch of the stack is to upload the
active boot configuration file, which contains the configuration settings of
the stack, to your workstation or, alternatively, to a TFTP server. You’ll
download the file to the new switch later in these procedures.
If the current master switch is nonfunctional, perform this procedure on
whichever active switch in the stack has the lowest stack ID number.
This procedure explains how to upload the file using Zmodem from a local
management session. You may also upload the file from a Telnet, SSH or
web browser session. For instructions, refer to the AT-8100 Series
AlliedWare Plus Command Line Interface User’s Guide or AT-8100 Series
AlliedWare Plus Web Browser User’s Guide.
To upload the active configuration file from the current master switch from
a local management session, perform the following procedure:
1. Start a local management session on the current master switch or, if
the master switch is not functional, on whichever switch is the current
master switch. (The master switch has the lowest stack ID number.)
For instructions, refer to “Starting a Local Management Session” on
page 82.
2. Move to the Privileged Exec mode with the ENABLE command and
enter the SHOW BOOT command to identify the name of the active
configuration file:
awplus> enable
awplus# show boot
Here is an example of the information the command displays.
Current
Current
Default
Current
software: 2.2.0
boot image: 2.2.0
boot config : /cfg/boot.cfg
boot config : /cfg/stack_eng.cfg (file exists)
Figure 51. SHOW BOOT Command
The name of the active boot configuration file is displayed in the
“Current boot config” line.
3. Use the COPY FILENAME ZMODEM command in the Privileged Exec
mode to upload the file to your workstation. Here is the format of the
command:
copy filename.cfg zmodem
The filename variable is the name of the active boot configuration file
displayed with the SHOW CONFIG command in the previous step. Be
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Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches
sure to include the .CFG extension. This example of the command
uploads a configuration file called stack_eng.cfg:
awplus# copy stack_eng.cfg zmodem
4. After you enter the command, begin the file transfer using your
terminal emulator program. The upload, which takes only a few
seconds, is completed when the command prompt is displayed again.
5. Go to the next procedure.
Removing the
Current Master
Switch
Now that you have uploaded the configuration file to your workstation, you
may remove the master switch from the stack and equipment rack.
1. Power off the master switch by disconnecting the power cord from the
power source and the back panel of the switch.
If you are not powering off the stack, the remaining switches perform
the following actions:

The member switch which has the lowest ID number among all of
the remaining switches is selected as the new master switch.

The new master switch configures all of the switches using its
active boot configuration file.

The new master switch transmits its active boot configuration file to
the other switches, over the stacking ports.
2. Label and disconnect all of the network cables from the twisted pair
and fiber optic ports on the master switch. For example, label the cable
connected to port 1 with “1.0.1.” Labelling the cables makes it easier to
cable the new master switch.
Figure 52. Removing the Network Cables
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Note
If the switch has SFP modules, perform steps 3 to 7. Otherwise, go
to step 8.
3. Label and remove the fiber optic cable from the SFP module.
Figure 53. Removing the Fiber Optic Cable from the SFP Module
4. Install the dust cover on the fiber optic port.
Figure 54. Installing the Dust Cover on the SFP Module
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Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches
5. Remove and label the module from the switch, as shown in Figure 55.
Figure 55. Removing the SFP Module
6. Install the dust cover in the SFP slot, as shown in Figure 56.
Figure 56. Installing the Dust Cover in the SFP Slot
7. If the switch has two SFP modules, repeat steps 3 to 6 to remove the
second module.
8. Label and disconnect the stacking cables from the stacking ports on
the front panel of the switch, as shown in Figure 57 on page 125.
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Figure 57. Removing the Stacking Cables
9. Remove the switch from the equipment rack.
10. Go to the next procedure.
Configuring the
New Master
Switch
With the master switch removed from the equipment rack, you are ready to
install the new master switch by configuring its stack ID number and
downloading the configuration file. These steps must be performed before
the switch is connected to the stack. To configure the new master switch,
perform the following procedure:
1. Install the new master switch in the equipment rack. For instructions,
refer to Chapter 4, “Installing and Labeling the Switches in an
Equipment Rack” on page 71.
2. Add a label to the front panel of the new switch or adjacent to it on the
equipment rack, with the unit’s MAC address, found on the back panel,
and its stack ID number. The stack ID number for the master switch is
usually 1. For background information, refer to “Stacking Guidelines”
on page 52 and “Labeling the Switches” on page 77.
3. Power on the switch by connecting the power cord to the back of the
switch and to a power source.
4. After the switch initializes its management software, start a local
management session, as explained in “Verifying and Setting the Stack
ID Numbers” on page 82.
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Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches
5. Assign the switch its stack ID number. For instructions, refer to
“Changing the Stack ID Number” on page 85.
6. After configuring the stack ID number, reestablish your local
management session.
7. Download onto the switch the configuration file you uploaded earlier
from the previous master switch or from one of the member switches.
To download the file from your computer to the file system in the
switch, go to the Privilege Exec mode and enter the COPY ZMODEM
command, as shown here:
awplus> enable
awplus# copy zmodem
You will see this prompt:
Waiting to receive ...
8. Use your terminal or terminal emulator program to download the boot
configuration file to the switch. The download must be Zmodem.
After receiving the entire file, the switch stores it in the file system.
9. To confirm that the switch received the file, use the DIR command in
the Privileged Exec mode to list the files in the file system.
10. To designate the file as the active boot configuration file on the switch,
use the BOOT CONFIG-FILE command in the Global Configuration
mode:
boot config-file filename.cfg
This example of the command designates “stack_eng.cfg” as the
switch’s new active boot configuration file:
awplus# configure terminal
awplus(config)# boot config-file stack_eng.cfg
Note
Do not issue the WRITE or COPY RUNNING-CONFIG STARTUPCONFIG command because if you do, the switch overwrites all of
the settings in the configuration file with its current settings. If you
inadvertently enter the command, download the configuration file
again from your workstation, starting with step 6.
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
11. Use the EXIT command to return to the Privileged Exec mode and
Issue the SHOW CONFIG command to verify that the downloaded
configuration file is the new active configuration file. The “Current boot
config” field should contain the name of the configuration file you
designated in step 9.
awplus(config)# exit
awplus# show boot
12. Power off the new master switch.
13. Go to the next procedure.
Connecting the
New Master
Switch to the
Stack
To connect the stacking and network cables to the new master switch,
perform the following procedure:
1. Cable the stacking ports on the new master switch. For instructions,
refer to “Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 87.
2. Power on the new master switch. For instructions, refer to “Powering
on AC Switches” on page 92 or “Powering On DC Switches” on
page 97.
At this point, the new master switch performs the following actions:

It initializes its management software and features.

It assumes the role as master switch of the stack.

It configures the settings of all the member switches using the
settings in its active boot configuration file.

It transmits its active boot configuration file to the other switches in
the stack.
To monitor these processes, refer to “Monitoring the Initialization
Processes” on page 93.
3. To verify that the new master switch is operating properly, perform the
steps in “Verifying the Installation” on page 101.
4. Connect the twisted pair and fiber optic cables to the ports on the
switch. For instructions, refer to “Cabling the Twisted Pair and Fiber
Optic Ports” on page 104.
5. Install any optional SFP modules in the master switch. For instructions,
refer to “Installing Optional SFP Transceivers” on page 106.
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Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches
Adding a New Member Switch
Here are the guidelines to adding a new member switch to a stack:

You have to power off a stack to add new member switches. To
minimize the disruption to network users, you should add new
switches to a stack during non-business hours.

Adding a new member switch to an active stack is not
recommended because it may cause unpredictable results.

The configurations settings on a new member switch in a stack are
returned to the default settings. If a new member switch was used
as a stand-alone unit in your network and you want it to have the
same configuration in the stack, you have to recreate the
configuration after connecting it to the stack.

A stack may not have more than eight switches.

The correct sequence of steps to adding a new switch to an
existing stack is to assign the ID number and then power it off
before connecting it to the stack.

A new member switch automatically becomes the new master
switch of the stack if it has a lower ID number than the current
master switch. This may cause the stack to lose its configuration.

Before adding a new switch to an existing stack, check that its
version of the AlliedWare Plus management software is the same
as the other switches. If necessary, update the management
software on the switch before adding it to the stack.
Here are the steps to perform on the new member switch before adding it
to the existing stack:
1. If the new member switch is currently operating as a stand-alone
device in your network and you want it to have the same configuration
when it is part of the stack, upload its configuration file to your
workstation or a TFTP server. perform these steps:
a. Start a local management session on the switch. For instructions,
refer to “Verifying and Setting the Stack ID Numbers” on page 82.
b. Move to the Privileged Exec mode with the ENABLE command
and enter the SHOW BOOT command to identify the name of the
active boot configuration file:
awplus> enable
awplus# show boot
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Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
c. If the “Current boot config” field is displaying the filename
BOOT.CFG, perform this command to create an archive copy of it.
Otherwise, go to step 2.
awplus# copy boot.cfg archive_boot.cfg
d. Log off by entering the EXIT command.
2. Power off the switch.
3. Label and disconnect all of the network cables from the ports.
4. Install the switch in the same equipment rack as the stack. For
instructions, refer to Chapter 4, “Installing and Labeling the Switches in
an Equipment Rack” on page 71.
5. Add a label to the front panel of the switch or adjacent to it on the
equipment rack, with the unit’s MAC address, found on the back panel,
and the unique stack ID number you intend to assign it. This should be
the next available ID number. For instructions, refer to “Stacking
Guidelines” on page 52 and “Labeling the Switches” on page 77.
6. Assign the new switch its unique stack ID number. For instructions,
refer to “Assigning the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking
Ports” on page 79.
7. Power off the new member switch.
8. Power off the stack.
9. Connect the new member switch to the stack by cabling the stacking
ports. For instructions, refer to “Cabling the Stacking Ports” on
page 87.
10. Power on the stack. For instructions, refer to “Powering on AC
Switches” on page 92 or “Powering On DC Switches” on page 97.
11. Verify that the stack is operating properly with the new member switch.
For instructions, refer to “Verifying the Installation” on page 101.
12. Cable the twisted pair and fiber optic ports on the new switch. Refer to
“Cabling the Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Ports” on page 104.
13. Install and cable any optional SFP transceivers. Refer to “Installing
Optional SFP Transceivers” on page 106.
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Chapter 9: Adding or Removing Switches
Removing a Member Switch
Here are the guidelines to removing a member switch from the stack:

You may leave the stack powered on if it is cabled in the duplexring topology, or if it is cabled in the duplex-chain topology and the
switch to be removed is located at the end of the stack.

You should power off the stack if it is wired in the duplex-chain
topology and the member switch to be removed is located between
other switches.
Note
For background information on stack topologies, refer to “Stacking
Port Topologies” on page 55.

If you plan to replace a member switch, the new switch must be the
same model as the switch it is replacing. Otherwise, the operations
of the stack may be unpredictable. For instance, you should not
replace an AT-8100S/16F8-SC Switch with an AT-8100S/24
Switch.

Removing a member switch from an operational stack disrupts IP
connectivity until the stack reforms. However, Layer 2 traffic is not
disrupted.
Here are the steps to removing a member switch from an operational
stack.
1. Power off the member switch.
2. Label and disconnect all of the network cables from the switch.
3. Label and disconnect the stacking cables.
4. To replace the switch with another switch, go to “Adding a New
Member Switch” on page 128. Otherwise, continue with the next step.
5. Connect the stacking cables to the remaining switches.
6. Verify that the stack is operating properly. Refer to “Verifying the
Installation” on page 101.
7. If you want to use the removed member switch as a stand-alone unit,
set its ID number to 0. For instructions, refer to Chapter 5, “Assigning
the Stack ID Numbers and Cabling the Stacking Ports” on page 79.
Refer to Chapter 8, “Troubleshooting” on page 115 if there are any
problems.
130
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
This appendix contains the technical specifications for the 8100S Series
Switches. For the technical specifications for the non-stacking 8100L
Series switches, refer to the Stand-alone Switch Installation Guide for
8100L and 8100S Series Switches.
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (H x W x D)
Table 17. Product Dimensions
AT-8100S/24C
4.4 cm x 33.0 cm x 20.3 cm
(1.7 in. x 13.0 in. x 8.1 in.)
AT-8100S/24
AT-8100S/24F-LC
4.4 cm x 44.1 cm x 29.1 cm
(1.7 in. x 17.3 in. x 11.5 in.)
AT-8100S/24POE
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
4.4 cm x 44.1 cm x 32.2 cm
(1.7 in. x 17.3 in. x 12.7 in.)
Weights
Table 18. Product Weights
AT-8100S/24C
2.2 kg (4.8 lb.)
AT-8100S/24
3.6 kg (8.0 lb.)
AT-8100S/24POE
5.0 kg (11.0 lb.)
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
4.1 kg (9.1 lb.)
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
4.4 kg (9.75 lb.)
AT-8100S/24F-LC
4.4 kg (9.75 lb.)
131
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Ventilation
Table 19. Ventilation Requirements
Recommended Minimum
Ventilation on All Sides
10 cm (4.0 in)
Environmental Specifications
Table 20. Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature
0° C to 40° C (32° F to 104° F)
Storage Temperature
-25° C to 70° C (-13° F to 158° F)
Operating Humidity
5% to 90% noncondensing
Storage Humidity
5% to 95% noncondensing
Maximum Operating Altitude
3,048 m (10,000 ft)
Maximum Nonoperating Altitude
4,000 m (13,100 ft)
Power Specifications
Maximum Power Consumptions
Table 21. Maximum Power Consumptions
AT-8100S/24C
18.3 watts
AT-8100S/24
19.5 watts
AT-8100S/24POE
459.3 watts
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
22 watts
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
22 watts
AT-8100S/24F-LC
22 watts
Input Voltages
Table 22. Input Voltages
AT-8100S/24C
132
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0 A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Table 22. Input Voltages (Continued)
AT-8100S/24
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0 A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
DC model: 40-60 VDC, 1.5 A
maximum per input
AT-8100S/24POE
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 3.0 A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0 A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0 A
maximum, 50/60 Hz per input
AT-8100S/24F-LC
AC model: 100-240 VAC, 1.0 A
maximum, 50/60 Hz, per input
Certifications
Table 23. Product Certifications
EMI (Emissions)
FCC Class A, EN55022 Class A,
EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, VCCI
Class A, CISPR Class A, C-TICK,
CE
EMC (Immunity)
EN55024
Electrical and Laser Safety
EN60950-1 (TUV), UL 60950-1
(CULUS), EN60825
Compliance Marks
CE, CULUS, TUV, C-Tick
Quality and Reliability
Table 24. MTBF
AT-8100S/24C
510,000 hours
AT-8100S/24
430,000 hours
AT-8100S/24POE
70,000 hours
AT-8100S/16F8-SC
190,000 hours
133
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 24. MTBF (Continued)
AT-8100S/16F8-LC
170,000 hours
AT-8100S/24F-LC
140,000 hours
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Pinouts
Figure 58 illustrates the pin layout of an RJ-45 connector and port.
Figure 58. RJ-45 Connector and Port Pin Layout
Table 25 lists the pin signals for 10 and 100 Mbps.
Table 25. Pin Signals for 10 and 100 Mbps
Pin
134
MDI Signal
MDI-X Signal
1
TX+
RX+
2
TX-
RX-
3
RX+
TX+
4
Not used
Not used
5
Not used
Not used
6
RX-
TX-
7
Not used
Not used
8
Not used
Not used
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
Table 26 lists the pin signals when a port operating at 1000 Mbps.
Table 26. Pin Signals - 1000 Mbps
Pinout
Pair
1
Pair 1 +
2
Pair 1 -
3
Pair 2 +
4
Pair 3 +
5
Pair 3 -
6
Pair 2 -
7
Pair 4 +
8
Pair 4 -
Fiber Optic Port Specifications
Table 27 lists the specifications of the 100Base-FX fiber optic ports on the
AT-8100S/16F8-SC Switch.
Table 27. Fiber Optic Port Specifications for the AT-8100S/16F8-SC
Switch
General
Maximum Distance
2 km
Fiber Optic Cable
50/125 or 62.5/125 µm (core/
cladding) multimode fiber optic
cable
Transmitter
Wavelength
1310 nm
Output optical power with 50/125
µm (core/cladding) multimode
fiber optic cable (BOL)
minimum: -22.5 dBm
maximum: -14 dBm
Output optical power with 62.5/125
µm (core/cladding) multimode
fiber optic cable (BOL)
minimum: -19 dBm
maximum: -14 dBm
135
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 27. Fiber Optic Port Specifications for the AT-8100S/16F8-SC
Switch (Continued)
Receiver
Wavelength
1310 nm
Sensitivity
Maximum: -31.8 dBm
Maximum Input Power
Minimum: -14 dBm
Table 28 lists the specifications of the 100Base-FX fiber optic ports on the
AT-8100S/16F8-LC and AT-8100S/24F-LC Switches.
Table 28. Fiber Optic Port Specifications for the AT-8100S/16F8-LC and
AT-8100S/24F-LC Switches
General
Maximum Distance
2 km
Fiber Optic Cable
50/125 or 62.5/125 µm (core/
cladding) multimode fiber optic
cable
Transmitter
Wavelength
1310 nm
Output optical power with 50/125
µm (core/cladding) multimode
fiber optic cable (BOL)
Minimum: -23.5 dBm
Maximum: -14 dBm
Output optical power with 62.5/125
µm (core/cladding) multimode
fiber optic cable (BOL)
Minimum: -20 dBm
Maximum: -14 dBm
Receiver
136
Wavelength
1310 nm
Sensitivity
Maximum: -31 dBm
Maximum Input Power
Minimum: -8 dBm
Stack Installation Guide for 8100S Series Switches
RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pinouts
Table 29 lists the pin signals of the RJ-45 style serial Console port.
Table 29. RJ-45 Style Serial Console Port Pin Signals
Pin
Signal
1
Looped to pin 8.
2
Looped to pin 7.
3
Transmit Data
4
Ground
5
Ground
6
Receive Data
7
Looped to pin 2.
8
Looped to pin 1.
Stacking Port Pinouts
Figure 59 illustrates the pin layout of the S1 and S2 stacking ports.
Figure 59. Stacking Port Pin Layout (Front View)
Table 30 lists the pin signals for the stacking ports.
Table 30. Stacking Port Pin Signals
Pin
S1 Port
S2 Port
1
Not connected
Not connected
2
Ground
Ground
3
Not connected
Not connected
137
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 30. Stacking Port Pin Signals (Continued)
Pin
138
S1 Port
S2 Port
4
Transmit data1+
Receive data1+
5
Ground
Ground
6
Transmit data1-
Receive data1-
7
Receive data0+
Transmit data0+
8
Ground
Ground
9
Receive data0-
Transmit data0-
10
Not connected
Not connected
11
Ground
Ground
12 to 19
Not connected
Not connected
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