Beckett | Oil Burner | Instruction manual | Beckett Oil Burner Instruction manual

INSTRUCTION MANUAL
SR
OIL BURNER
Dear Homeowner:
Over forty years of engineering and product development have
gone into your new oil burner. Its quality and design are unsurpassed. Properly installed and maintained itwill provide many years
of efficient, trouble-free operation. Please read this Instruction
Manual carefully, and give special attention to the following points:
-
An oil burner must have a generous supply of combustion air to
operate properly. Please refer to the information in this manual for
details.
- NEVER attempt to use gasoline in your heating appliance. Gasoline is more combustible than fuel oil and could result in a serious
explosion. NEVER burn garbage or refuse in your heating appliance or try to light oil by tossing burning material into the heater.
- INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENT OF THE BURNER REQUIRES
TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE AND THE USE OF COMBUSTION
TEST INSTRUMENTS. DO NOT TAMPER WITH THE UNIT OR
CONTROLS. CALL YOUR SERVICEMAN.
Beckett warrants its equipment specifically to those who have purchased it for resale, including your dealer: In the event of any problems with your equipment or its installation, you should contact your
dealer for assistance.
TO THE INSTALLER
JECIFICATIONS
CAPACITIES MODEL SR
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 0.40 to 2.00 gallons per hour
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56,000 to 284,000 BTU/HR Input
FUELS
NO.1 or NO.2 Heating Oil (ASTM D396) Only
In Canada, NO.1 or NO.2 Furnace Oil
DIMENSIONS (Standard)
Height. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-5/8"
Width. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1/2"
Depth (Chassis Only)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1/2"
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (See Note)
Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 115 V/60 Hz 1 PH
Operating Load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. (Max.) 5.8 Amps
Motor
1/8 HP 1725 RPM, N.E.M.A. "N" Flange, manual
reset overload, protection
Ignition
10,000 V/23 ma secondary, continuous
duty, shielded transformer or solid-state ignition system
FUEL UNIT
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Sundstrand, or Webster
NOTE:
50 Hertz electrical components
.
are available on special order.
INSTALLATION OF THE BURNER MUST BE DONE BY A QUALlFIE[
INSTALLER IN ACCORDANCE WITH REGULATIONS OF THE
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION STANDARD FOR OIL-BURNING
EQUIPMENT, NFPA NO. 31, AND IN COMPLETE ACCORDANCE
WITH ALL LOCAL CODES AND AUTHORITIES HAVING JURISDICTION. FOR RECOMMENDED INSTALLATION
PRACTICE IN
CANADA, REFERENCE SHOULD BE MADE TO CSA STANDARD
B139.
A QUALIFIED INSTALLER IS AN INDIVIDUAL OR AGENCY WHO IS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENT OF
THE EQUIPMENT AND WHO IS PROPERLY LICENSED AND EXPERIENCED TO INSTALL OIL-BURNING EQUIPMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH ALL CODES AND ORDINANCES.
A properly designed chimney of adequate size and height and adequate combustion
air supply are essentials
for the best operation
of any heating plant.
When installing the heater and/or burner be sure to provide adequate space for easy service and maintenance.
CONCEALED DAMAGE
If any damage to the burner or controls is found during unpacking
notify the carrier at once and file the appropriate
Underwriter's Laboratories has certified this burner to comply with the
commercial standards CS75, and has listed it for use with #1 or#2 fuel
oil as specified in ASTMD396. State and local approvals are shown on
burner rating label. The burner is certified in Canada by Canadian
Standards Association (CSA). All oil burners should be installed in
accordance with regulations of the National Fire Protection Association pamphlet #31 and in complete accordance with alilocaJ codes
and authorities having jurisdiction. Regulation of these authorities
take precedence over the general instructions provided in this installation manual. For'recommended
installation practice in Canada,
reference should be made to CSAStandard B 139
"'-./
.
claim.
R.W.
BECKETT CORPORATION
P.O. Box 1289, Elyria, Ohio 44036,
R.W. BECKETT CANADA, LTD
430 Laird, Unit 3, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 3X7
6104
BSR - R987
Printed
in U.S.A.
Form
f
GENERAL
IMPORTANT CAUTIONS
READ BEFORE STARTING
IN FORMATION
FUEL UNITS & TUBING INSTALLATION
Burners are most commonly installed with a single stage fuel
unit. This fuel unit, when connected with a supply line only,
is satisfactory where the fuel supply is on a 'Ievel with, or
above the burner permitting gravity flow of oil. When it is
necessary to lift oil to the burner, a return line should be connected between the fuel unit and tank. This requires insertion
of the "by-pass" plug into the fuel unit. If lift exceeds approximately 10 ft., a two-stage pump should be installed with
it return line.
When a rettlrnline
is used, with either single or two-stage
pumps, air is automa!ically returned to the tank making the
unit self-purging.
Use of CCVItinuous runs of heavy wall copper tubing is recom.
mended. Always use flare fittings. Avoid use of fittings in inac.
cessible locations. Avoid running tubing against heating unit
and across ceiling or floor joists: If possible install under floor:
Specific information on piping, fuel unit connections, lift capabilities, and tank installations is provided in the instructions
of the fuel unit manufacturer.
COMBUSTION AI R
Burner must be installed in area with adequate fresh air available to support combustion.
Appliances located in confined spaces: The confined space shall
be providad with two permanent openings, one near the top
of the enclosure and one near the bottom. Each opening shall
have a free area of not less than one square inch per 1,000
Btu per hour of the total input rating of all appliances in the
enclo'sl!re, freely communicating with interior areas having in
turn adequate infiltration from the outside.
WIRING
The wiring must be in accordance with the National Electric
Code and local codes and regulations.
Wiring diagrams are included
instructions.
in the heating unit installation
CAUTION:
STAINLESS STEEL COMBUSTION CHAMBERS
The higher temperature levels produced by high.perfornf'"'
flame retention burners may exceed the temperature ratin~
stainless steel combustion chambers and can result in chamber
burn-outs.
Where a burner upgrading is being made in a unit with a stainless
steel chamber, please observe at least one of these precautions:
1. Line the Chamber with a "wet-pac" ceramic liner.
2. Adjust inlet air to the burner so that the CO2 level is below
11%.
Oil
Before starting the burner be sure fuel tank is adequately filled with
clean NO.1 or No.2 furnace oil. Crankcaseoil. wasteoil or GASOLINE
should never be used. Water.rust. or other contaminationin the fuel
supply system will cause malfunction and premature failure of the
internal parts of the fuel unit.
POWER CIRCUIT
Be sure that burner and controls are wired correctly and that the
line switch is properly fused (20 amp). In Canada wiring to be
done in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I.
NOZZLE
Be sure that specified nozzle is installed and that any covering
over nozzle is removed prior to starting the burner.
NOZZLE
Be sure nozzle
AND ELECTRODE
SETTING
and electrodes are positioned
I mproper adjustment
in these instructions.
as shown
elsewhere
can resu It in oil im.
pingement or ignition difficulties.
~
AIR TUBE INSERTION
~
The burner head sholJlci bE: Y.,"back from the inside wall of the
combustion chamber. Under no circumstances should the burner
head extend into the combustion chamber.
FUEL UNIT
UPGRADING
OR CONVERSION
ATTACHING AIR TUBE COMBINATION
(CHASSIS PLAN ONLY)
If the air tube combination and oil burner chassis are packaged separately, the assembly is completed as follows:
1. Attach air tube to burner housing using four sheet metal
screws. (If using an adjustable burner mounting flange, first
attach f.lange to air tube.) 2. Insert nozzle line electrode as.
sembly into tube and position nozzle from head, using 'Z'
dimension shown elsewhere in these instructions. Check to
be certain nozzle and head are concentric. 3. Secure escutcheon plate by tightening screw at side of housing. 4. Secure nozzle line using bulkhead lock nut. When a knurled
lock nut is supplied, the recessed side is to face away from
burner housing. 5. Attach connector tube (from pump to
nozzle line). With long air tube combinations, insertion of
the nozzle line electrode assembly into the air tube is facilitated by rotating the assembly 1800 from its installed
position, inserting it partially into the air tube, and then
rotating it back to its proper position.
Besure that fuel unit is arranged for the type of oil supply system
installed.
. . "One Pipe" or "Two Pipe". Be sure that all connec-
tions are tight.
Fuel units generally require manual venting of air when initially
started. Failure to vent the air from the fuel unit through the vent
plug provided may result in an air lock within the pump that will
prevent oil from being delivered to the nozzle. See also Fuel Unit
Manufacturer's instructions.
LINE OIL FILTER
Use an oil filter of generous capacity for all installations. Install
inside the building between the tank shutoff valve and the burner.
For ease of servicing, locate the filter and a shut-off valve close to
the oil burner.
Oil SHUTOFF VALVE
Install approved high quality shutoff valves in oil supply line in
accessible locations, one close to the tank and another close to oil
burner, but ahead of the filter. Note that some types of filters are
made with a built-in shutoff valve.
SETTING THE BURNER
Use a mounting flange or pedestal as required.
The end of the burner air tube should be %" back from
the inside surface of the front wall of the combustion
chamber.
Insulate around air tube to prevent overheating of tube,
nozzle and components. Make sure that insulation and
cement do not obstruct face of burner head.
STARTING AND ADJUSTMENT PROCEDUR
,
",'
Caution: Do not attempt to start the burner when excess oil has
accumulated, when the furnace or boiler is full of vapour, or
when the combustion chamber is very hot.
1. Set thermostat substantially above room temperature.
2. Open shut-off valves in the oil supply line to the burner.
"A"
"L"
"R"
"5"
=
=
=
=
i'
,
AIR TUBECOMBINATIONDETAIU
Useable Air Tube Length
"A"+5/S"
"A" + 2-7/S"
2-5/16"
= "A"+3.1/4"
= 1-1/S"
43
20
41
44
~
.-L
A-
Z1
~
~5/32':G~P-
~~l
- -@-=
7/16" ABOVE t
~
I
SEE'" BELOW--
~T
ELECTRODE
~NOZZLf
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11
01
01
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ELECTRODE ADJUSTMENTS
,
,,
--~ ~ -'-'':':':
,"
:'I~~
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-',:.':: -'J
5
-
NOTE ELECTRODE POSITION
AHEAD OF NOZZLE.
II
MODELS
All
DIMENSION
1/16"
21
J6
AIR TUBECOMBINATION PARTS
'
STANDARDAIR TUBECOMBINATIONS
/
r-R EF.
20
47
DESCRIPTION
PART NO.
Air Tube
Burner Head, Specify Type F
Note
Note
Nozzle Line Electrode Assembly, Consisting of
.........
Bulkhead Fitting
locknut Bulkhead Fitting
Nozzle Adapter. Single
Electrode Clamp
Static Plate and Nozzle line Support................
Assembly
...........
Centering Spider ..............................................
Static Plate as Used (See A.T. Combs)...............
Static Plate Holding Screws ..............................
3-488
3-666
2-13
1-49
25
26
27
28
35
36
41
42
43
44
45
46
Note
Nozzle
"'"''''''''''
Electrode Rod and Tip
Porcelain
Electrode Rod Extension Adapter, as
Reqd
Note
5-653
Note
4-341
""""'"''
Note
Note
"""""'"
Electrode Rod Extension, as Reqd. ''''''''''''''''''''
Nozzle line and Vent Plug................................
Note
Note
Note
Specify Burner Model Number SR, part description; air tube combination with useable air tub~
length (Dimension "A") and firing rate.
Air
Tube
Dimen.
"A"
6-5/8"
9"
13"
16"
Head
Firing Range G. P. H.
.40-.75
SR 65RB
SR 90RB
SR130RB
SR160RB
FO
Note:
.65.1.10
.85.1.50
1.10.1.75*
SR 65RD SR 65R F SR 65RK
SR 90RD SR 90RF SR 90RK
SR130RD SR130RF SR130RK
SR160RD SR160RF SR160RK
F3
F6
F12
.Less 2.3/4" Static Plate
1.35-2.00.
SR 65RM
SR 90RM
SR130RM
SR 160RM
F22
On firing rates of .65 GPH and below,
ceramic fiber combustion chambers are
suggested.
To determine the Air Tube Length:
1/4"
"
NOm.ES
~IT
APPLICATIONS: When burner is supplied as an in.
tegral component of a heater the best nozzle choice will
have been determined by extensive testing. The heater
manufacturers recommendation should be closely followed.
UPGRADING OR CONVERSION 70° or 80° Hollow or
Solid Cone Nozzle
The Air Tube length (Dimension AI is the distance from
the front of the burner housing to the drain hole in the
burner head. (NOTE:Adjustableflange width -7/8").
HOMEOWNER
\
.0
3. Check mitial air adjustment. Normally the bulk air band (3)
should be closed and the shutter (2) partially open.
4. Close line swifcn to start burner. If burner does not start
immediately re-set manual overload switches on motor and
control.
5. Vent fuel unit as soon as burner motor starts rotating. To
vent, loosen vem plug while holding an empty contillner
IJnder the vent opening to catch oil which will be expelled.
Drain at least 1/2 pint of oil from the pump then close the
vent plug. The ignition should be instantaneous with closing
the vent plug.
.
If the burner starts and runs but stops again during the venting
operation, wait three to five minutes for the safety switch to cool
then re-set the manual switch and repeat the procedure until ignition is obtained. Sometimes after venting is accomplished and
oil is ignited, the fire will again go out. This probably means that
additional venting is necessary. Repeat the above venting procedure.
AIR ADJUSTMENT
Atjjust air supply by loosening lock screws and moving air shutter (2)
and if necessary the bulk air band (3). Allow just sufficient air to obtain
clean combustion determined by visual inspection. Reduce air supply
until flame tips appear slightly smoky, then increase air just enough to
make the flame tips appear absolutely clean.
OIL SUPPLY
Do not allow the fuel tank to run out of oil. During the summer
be sure that your fuel tank is kept full; this will preventcondensation of moisture on the inside surfaces of the tank.
IF YOUR TANK RUNSDRY,ITMAYBENECESSARY
TO MANUALL Y VENT THE AIR FROM THE PUMP
AND LINES WHEN RE-STARTING THE BURNER.
COMBUSTION AI R SUPPLY
Your burner requires a generous amount of cleancombustionair
in order to burn the fuel completely. lack of adequate combustion air may result in erratic operation of the burner or noisy
combustion or fuel odor~ in the air. Remember your need for
outside air will be greatly increased if you have a vented dryer
in the basement or other venting fans in the home.
OILING MOTOR
Motor life will be increased by proper oiling. Use a few drops of
non.detergent oi.1at both motor oil holes twice eachyear.
FILTER
The line filter cartridge should be replaced every year to avoid
contamination of the fuel unit and atomizing nozzle.
AREA AROUND HEATING UNIT
Should be kept clean and free of any combustible materials
especially papers and oily rags.
DRAFT CONTROL ADJUSTMENT
When the bUIfler air supply and draft are properly adjusted the combustion chamber draft will normally be .01" - .02" WC. Larger installations may require slightly greater draft.
\
0At
FINAL ADJUSTMENTS
this point a final adjustment should be made using suitable instruments for smoke spot and CO2 (or 02) measurements. Unless
otherwise specified in appliance manufacturer's instructions, the unit
should be set as follows: After allowing 10 minutes for warm up, air
should be set so that the smoke number is zero or a trace; less than
no. 1 smoke is highly desirable and should never exceed this limit.
(Note: Occasionally a new heating applianc~ will require longer warm
up time in order to burn clean because of the evaporation of oil
deposits on the heat exchanger and other surfaces. CO2measured in
the stack (ahead of the draft control) should be a minimum of 10% for
knocked down appliances or retrofit applications and a minimum of
12% for units with burners tested and supplied by manufacturers as a
package.
Tighten all locking screws after final adjustments are made.
INFORMATION
-
NEVER
Burngarbage or refuse in your heating unit. Never try to ignite oil
by tossing burning papers or other material into your heater.
SERVICE INFORMATION
"Preventive maintenance"
is the best way to avoid unnecessary
expense and inconvenience. Have your heating systemand burner
inspected at regular intervals by a qualified service man. If diffi.
culty occurs, follow these simple checks before calling the service
man.
1. Be sure there is oil in the tank and valve is open.
2. Be sure the thermostat
is set above Room Temperature.
3. Be sure main line Switch is "ON" and fuses are not blown.
4. Reset Safety Switch of Burner Primary Control.
5. PressThermal Protector, Button of Burner Motor.
6. If installation is equipped with Manual Reset limit Control
. . . Press Reset Button.
7. If burner runs but there is no flame, fuel unit may be air.
bound. Follow instructions for venting fuel unit.
The unit should be started and stopped several times to make sure
there are no significant rumbles or pulsations.
CHECKING THE CONTROLS
Check and adjust all controls in accordance with the Control
Manufacturer's instruction she,ets. Be sure the primary control
safety switch operates properly so that safety shunlown w.ill occur in the event of equipment malfunction.
FINAL CHECKS
Be sure air shutter and draft control are locked. . . that there is
an ample supply of fresh air to the room in which the unit is 10'
0 - ,cated, and there are no oil leaks.
0
INSTRUCTING THE HOMEOWNER
The operation and care of the heating system should be explained
to the home owner, including how to adjust the thermostat, necessity of air supply to the burner, care of the burner, and the
simple checks to make before calling for service if the burner fails
to operate automatically.
THE FOllOWING INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT IN
SI:RVICING THE BURNER
1. Burner Components: If replacement of burner parts is neces.
sary, always use parts recommended by the manufacturer. Specify
part number & description when ordering.
2. Nozzles:Use of the correctatomizingnozzleisveryimportant. If replacement is necessary, use the same type supplied by
the manufacturer. Nozzle capacity and type are stamped on the
hex-portion of the nozzle body. Use extreme care in handling
nozzles to avoid scratches or dirt that could cause leaks or affect
the oil spray pattern.
3. Electrode Setting is important for reliable ignition of the oil.
Check to be sure setting is in accordance with instructions provi.
ded elsewhere in this manual.
4. Fan and blower housing should be kept clean of dirt and
lint. If heating unit is located near unvented dryer, special care
must be taken that lint does not restrict air passages in burner.
OIL BURNER CERTIFICATE
AS REQUIRED BY COMMERCIAL STANDARD CS75.56
The
Oil Burner Model No.
,
- (Make)
, Serial No.
, installed at
"
bears a label evidencing compliance with commercial Standard CS75-56, and
"
(Address of Installation)
has been installed in accordance with the instructions in the manufacturer's
formity with local regulations, codes, and ordinances.
The boiler, ( ), furnace ( ), is a
,
the heating load consists of:
installation manual and in con,
No.
, and
(Mal.e)
1.
Btu, or
2.
Btu, or
square feet of equivalent steam ( ), hot water ( ) radiation in domestic hot
water load; or
3.
Btu, or
square feet steam ( ), hot water ( ) radiation; and
,...
square inches of cross-sectional area of warm air supply pipes measured at the
furnace take off; or
4.
Btu, or
".. square feet of equivalent steam ( ), hot water ( ) radiation in the following
special load:
"""""""'"
"
..."..
.....
All necessary permits have been secured, and the installc:tion has been tested in accordance with the test procedure of Commercial Standard CS75-56 and the following reading taken:
CO2
Draft
{~:~r~::~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::':::::
Over Fire.:
{ At
}
Breechmg
Stack Temperature at Breeching
inches H..O.
-
of
Firing Rate
gals.jhr.
All controls and limiting devices have been checked for proper operation............................................
Fuel used, Grade No
per ASTM D396 Standard Specification
Field service equipment smoke scale reading ....................
The above test results are certified to be true:
... .,
(Name ofCompany making installation)
For service call:
"
"""''''''''''''''''
.................
Per
(Name)
..............
.
(siii;;~'i~~~') "-"""'"''''''''''''''''
,
"...........
......
..............................................
.............................
"
(Telephone)
(Telephone)
"
"
.......
.
L
,
(Addrcss)
(Address)
Date
...................
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WHEN ORDERINGPARTS STATEBURNERMODEL. PART DESCRIPTIONAND PART NUMBER
R~F.
1
2
3
4
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
PART NO.
DESCRiPtiON
BURNER HOUSING ASSEMBLY
5-3485
Burner Housing with Inlet Bell ........
3-215
End Air Shutter .................................
Bulk Air Band....................................
3-819
3-493
Nozzle Line Escutcheon Plate, Front....
3-81 8
Nozzle Line Escutcheon Plate, Rear ....
3-230
Unit Flange or ...................................
3-399
Square Plate ................................
Holding Screws (not shown)..........
2- 139
Hole Plug-Wiring Box (not shown).....
DRIVE MOTOR ................................
2-350
4-82
Motor Holding Screws..................
2-383
BLOWER WHEEl Regular (61,4 ")......
FLEXIBLECOUPLING.......................
t 2-290
FUEl UNIT
2-313
Single-Stage Sundstrand "J" ........
2-351
Two-Stage Sundstrand "H" ..........
2-490
Model A Sundstrand....................
2-517
Model M Webster ........................
2-256
Pump Outlet Fitting .........................
4-82
Pump Holding Screws (not shown).
Connector tube assembly pump to
nozzle line...
.................
5-394
2-289
Ignition Transformer (10,000V /23 mo.)
4-217
Hinge Screws ...............................
4-292
Holding Screws ............................
3-245
Contact Spring Terminals (notshown)
t Use Coupling
-
REF
PART 1f
DESCRIPTION
18
Air Tube Combination...............................
Air Tube Gasket (not shown)
38
39
40
Adjustable Mounting Flange
Pedestal Support
Extended Pedestal
*Specify
.40
.50
.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
2.00
Round
I.D8
8
9
10
11
12
14
5-685
5-606
COMBUSTION
(see overleaf)
CHAMBER
-UPGRADING OR CONVERSION
Chamber
Firing
Rate
(GPH)
,...
Kit
Air Tube Combination
SUGGESTED
DIMENSIONS
3-416
5-432
Dimensions
Rectangular
l
W
7
7
8
9
10
11
12
8
8
9
10
11
12
15
(In Inches)
Height
Floor
To
Nozzle
12
12
12
12-1/2
12-1/2
13
13-1/2
5-6
5-6
5-6
5-6
5-6
6-7
6-7
No. 2-433 With Model A and Model M Fuel Units
t
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