EM Acoustics | EMS-81X | User manual | EM Acoustics EMS-81X User manual

EMS-81X Compact Passive Loudspeaker
User Manual – v1.0
EM Acoustics Loudspeakers
Building 74, Dunsfold Park
Cranleigh, Surrey
GU6 8TB, UK
Phone +44 (0) 1483 266520
Fax +44 (0) 1483 275619
www.emacoustics.co.uk
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Copyright EM Acoustics 2012
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CONTENTS
Introduction
Thank you ...……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3
Unpacking ……………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………….. 3
Declaration of Conformity …………………….…………………………………………………………………………………… 3
Product Overview
EMS-81X passive two-way enclosure ..............…………………………………………………………………….……… 4
System Set-up
Safety Considerations………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
Cabling & Amplifier selection ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Protective DSP Settings ................................................................................................................. 7
Mounting & Rigging Options
Rigging Hardware & Accessories ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
Permanent Installations …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8
Flying hardware Use........……………………………….…………………………………………………………………………. 9
Omnimount/Powerdrive Installation hardware use .......................................................................... 10
Maintenance
EMS-81X Drive Unit Service ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….11
Warranty ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
Appendix A – Technical Specifications …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
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INTRODUCTION
Thank you
Thank you for purchasing a product from the acclaimed EMS Series from EM Acoustics. The EMS Series products
have been carefully designed and rigorously tested to ensure years of flawless operation and unprecedented sonic
quality. Flexibility is the key factor with EMS products, and consequently they are at home within a wide variety of
applications from live and portable applications, through to cafes, bars, nightclubs, theatres and conference
centres.
Please ensure that you read this manual carefully before use, and that you keep it to hand should you need it for
further reference. Furthermore, should you have any difficulties please do not hesitate in contacting your EM
Acoustics dealer, or email info@emacoustics.co.uk for further assistance.
Unpacking
Every EM Acoustics product is built to the highest standard and thoroughly tested before it leaves our factory.
After unpacking your loudspeaker, please inspect it carefully for any signs of transit damage. If such damage is
found, please notify the carrier at once to instigate a claim. It is suggested that you retain all packaging for future
re-shipment.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
The products contained within this manual conform to the requirements of the EMC
Directive 89/336/EEC, amended by 92/31/EEC and to the requirements of the Low
Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC amended by 93/68/EEC.
Standards Applied:
EMC
Emission
EN55103-1:1996
Immunity
EN55103-2:1996
Electrical Safety
EN60065:1993
RECYCLING
This product and its packaging constitute the applicable product according to the WEEE directive.
Please ensure that at the end of the working life of this product, it is disposed of sensibly in
accordance with local and national recycling regulations. The packaging supplied with this product
is recyclable. Please retain all packaging, however if disposing of this packaging please ensure
that you comply with local recycling regulations. These products also all comply to the RoHS
Directive 2002/95/EC.
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
EMS-81X compact passive loudspeaker
The EMS-81X is a compact, versatile, passive loudspeaker product designed for a wide variety of compact and
discreet sound reinforcement applications. It features a high-power 8” (203mm) neodymium LF drive unit in a
reflex enclosure, and a 1.7” diaphragm, 1” (25mm) exit neodymium high frequency compression drive unit coupled
to a 90° x 60° rotatable waveguide. These components are matched by an internal passive crossover network for
unprecedented sonic quality from a completely passive enclosure.
Due to its discreet size and appearance, the EMS-81X can be used in a wide variety of applications ranging from
fills and delays in corporate and theatre use, to compact front of house and floor monitoring duty.
As with all EM Acoustics full-range products, no active controller or programmed EQ is required for correct
operation. For demanding applications, a 70Hz, 24dB/octave high pass filter is recommended to increase drive unit
headroom however this is not essential for normal operation – please see page 7 for further information.
The EMS-81X is supplied as standard in black or white, and is fitted with two Neutrik SpeakONTM NL4MP
connectors. Custom colours, weather protection and specific connectors can also be supplied if required – please
contact your local EM Acoustics representative for more details.
To rotate the HF waveguide:
1. Remove the front grille as described in the Maintenance section on Page 10 of this manual.
2. Using a 4mm Allen key, remove the four socket-head bolts retaining the HF waveguide in place.
3. Lift the waveguide up and rotate to the desired position – the label on the waveguide shows the dispersion
orientation.
4. Reinstate the socket-head bolts and retighten. Avoid over-tightening as this may crack the waveguide.
5. Reinstate the grille as described in the Maintenance section on Page 11.
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SYSTEM SET-UP
Safety Considerations
Loudspeaker systems are potentially dangerous objects if used incorrectly.
Please ensure that you read this
section fully, and contact EM Acoustics or your local dealer should you be in any doubt over correct operation
procedures.
Professional loudspeaker systems are capable of producing damage-inducing sound pressure levels, and hence
care should be taken when setting your system up, particularly when it comes to loudspeaker placement within a
venue. Damage to the ear can result from levels above 90dB under prolonged exposure.
Stand Mounting
The EMS-81X can be mounted from a loudspeaker stand using the integral polemount adapter for a standard
35mm loudspeaker stand. When mounting in this way, please consider the following:
Ensure your stand height is locked off and the tripod legs are positioned so as to be stable.
Check the weight loading of your stands before attempting to mount the loudspeaker.
Do not stack a second loudspeaker on top of the stand-mounted one.
Ensure cables are run so as to leave enough slack to enable neat wiring, and thus reduce the risk of the
speaker being pulled over. Loose cables should be covered or taped down wherever possible to reduce trip
hazards.
If stands are being used outdoors, it may be necessary to add ballast to the base of the stand to prevent it
toppling over.
When using poles on top of subwoofer systems, please observe similar precautions.
Ground Stacking
Ensure that the floor or stage surface can withstand the weight of the system.
Wherever possible, avoid high stacks and use ratchet straps to secure loudspeakers together. Please also
remember that vibrations from subwoofer systems can shake other loudspeakers out of place, which may
present a toppling hazard. The use of ratchet straps and non-slip material is recommended to prevent this.
Rigging and Suspension
There are a variety of different methods for suspending your EMS-81X enclosures – please see the detailed section
on Page 8 for further information.
WARNING: The overhead suspension of loudspeakers is a very serious issue with potentially lethal
consequences should anything go wrong.
Rigging should only be carried out by experienced
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personnel following safe working practice. Should you be in any doubt whatsoever, please contact
your local dealer who will be able to refer you to a suitable rigging company.
Cabling and Amplifier Selection
The EMS-81X is designed to be used with professional power amplifiers providing the following power outputs:
EMS-81X
500W/channel into eight ohms
A small power amplifier working too hard is more likely to damage a loudspeaker than a large power amplifier
working within its operating range!
It is good practice to use an amplifier equal to the program power rating of the loudspeaker – so as to retain
sufficient headroom and good dynamic range. Care should be taken during operation to avoid amplifier clipping –
as this can cause serious damage to your loudspeakers. If in doubt, please contact your dealer who will be happy
to assist you in correct amplifier choice and setup.
Cabling
The EMS-81X is supplied as standard with Neutrik SpeakONTM NL4 connectors, wired pin 1+/1-.
It is
recommended that the resistance of your cable is less than one tenth of the nominal system impedance. Given
below are the recommended maximum cable lengths for different cross-sections and impedances.
Conductor Cross Sectional Area
Maximum Recommended Cable Length
4 ohms
8 ohms
16 ohms
1.0mm
2
11m
22m
44m
1.5mm
2
17m
34m
68m
2.0mm
2
22m
44m
88m
2.5mm
2
29m
58m
116m
4.0mm2
44m
88m
176m
2
66m
132m
264m
6.0mm
Pins 2+/2- on the SpeakONTM connectors are wired together to allow link-through with 4-core cables.
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Protective DSP Settings
The EMS-81X requires no DSP program to function correctly. However, excessive low frequency information will
cause the LF drive unit’s excursion to increase, which can result in damage to your loudspeaker.
The higher you raise the high pass filter on an EMS-81X, the more headroom and overall sound pressure level
output there is available. For most medium-to-high level applications, we would recommend a minimum of an
70Hz high pass filter with a 24dB/octave slope to sufficiently protect the loudspeaker. For higher SPL applications,
we would recommend raising this filter – we would stress that the higher the filter, the safer the loudspeaker will
be. If you are in any doubt over suitable settings for your EMS-81X, please don’t hesitate to contact EM Acoustics
or your local dealer for support and advice.
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MOUNTING & RIGGING OPTIONS
Rigging Hardware & Accessories
The EMS-81X has four options for mounting and suspension, both for temporary use and permanent fixed
installation.
The EMS-81X contains five M8 threaded fixing points around the enclosure, to enable suspension using forged
shoulder eyebolts (minimum thread length 20mm) or the optional FC-81Xv vertical or FC-81Xh horizontal flying
cradles.
These fixings allow suspension in any orientation, with the extra point on the rear of the enclosure
available for pull-back to obtain the desired rigging angle or as a secondary safety point.
The EMS-81X also has four M6 threaded fixings on the rear for use with Omnimount Series 30 or Powerdrive Series
75 installation mounting hardware.
With any suspension method, a second anchor point should be used as a safety.
Under no circumstances should the mounting points of one enclosure be used to suspend another
enclosure below it.
EM Acoustics are in no way responsible for the failure of incorrectly rigged
systems. This information relates specifically to the rigging techniques for the EMS-81X enclosure
only. If you are in any doubt about safe practices for rigging loudspeakers, please contact your local
EM Acoustics dealer who will be able to advise you.
Permanent Installations
Any installation (permanent or temporary) must be securely attached to the structure of the building using chain,
steel wire or web straps that are certified and load rated for the loudspeaker system. Consideration must be taken
when determining the loading on the structure to include loudspeakers and rigging hardware, and the appropriate
safety factor can then be decided upon.
If you are in any doubt whatsoever, please contact your EM
Acoustics dealer who will be able to refer you to an experienced rigging company. A reputable rigging organisation
should also be able to advise on legislation regarding safety factors for suspended systems of this type.
Safety Considerations
When utilising any suspension method, a secondary safety must be used. For any suspension method, fit an M8
eyebolt to any of the rigging points. A safety steel can then be attached to this and connected to your safety
point. If you are in any doubt whatsoever about how to safely suspend your loudspeakers, do not
hesitate to contact your EM Acoustics representative who will be able to refer you to a qualified
rigging company for advice.
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Attachment of the FC-81Xv vertical flying cradle
Using the supplied M8 hexagon head bolts, align the mounting holes in the
inner yoke with the mounting points on the top or the bottom of the
enclosure. Ensure that both the flat and spring washers are used – the flat
washer should be in contact with the cradle. Tighten the bolts to ensure a
solid fit. Once the desired angle of the loudspeaker is set, tighten the knobs
on the cradle to lock the position in place. The bracket allows for complete
rotation of the loudspeaker if required. The points on the top of the flying
cradle can be used for permanent installations or to secure a hook clamp.
Ensure that an M8 eyebolt is secured to the rear point on the EMS-81X
enclosure to use as a secondary safety.
Attachment of the FC-81Xh horizontal flying cradle
Using the supplied M8 countersunk socket head bolts, align the
mounting holes in the end mounts of the yoke with the mounting
points on the top and the bottom of the enclosure. Tighten the
bolts to ensure a solid fit.
Once the desired angle of the
loudspeaker is set, tighten the knobs on the cradle to lock the
position in place. The bracket allows for complete rotation of the
loudspeaker if required. The points on the top of the flying cradle
can be used for permanent installations or to secure a hook
clamp. Ensure that an M8 eyebolt is secured to the rear point on
the EMS-81X enclosure to use as a secondary safety.
Assembly of clusters using the DFB-81 flyplate set
Using the supplied M8 hexagon head bolts, bolt through the DFB81 plate into the enclosure. Ensure that both the flat and spring
washers are used – the flat washer should be in contact with the
plate.
Once the desired angles of the loudspeakers are set,
tighten the bolts to lock in place. Then turn the cluster over and
repeat the process on the bottom. Use the rear points on the
EMS-81X enclosures, or the M10 holes on the DFB plates to use
as a secondary safety.
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Attachment of OmnimountTM or PowerdriveTM Installation Brackets
It is strongly suggested that you position your loudspeakers, then mark & drill the holes in the mounting walls
before you attach the bracket to the loudspeaker, as it is much easier to check positioning and fit of the holes
without the weight of the loudspeaker.
The EMS-81X is designed to work with OmniMountTM Series 30 or PowerDriveTM Series 75 products.
Lie the enclosure on its front and remove the four M6 countersunk points on the rear of the enclosure. Position
the loudspeaker-side of the bracket as required, reinstate the bolts and retighten. The bracket and EMS-81X can
now be mounted using the holes you have pre-drilled.
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MAINTENANCE
Your EM Acoustics loudspeakers have been rigorously tested before they leave our factory, to ensure that they give
you a lifetime of flawless operation. Should any of your drive units fail and need replacing, please follow the
guidelines below.
EMS-81X: Low Frequency Drive Unit
1. Using a 3mm Allen key, undo the four M4 machine screws top & bottom of the enclosure (2 each end). Gently
remove the grille from the front of the enclosure.
2. Using a 4mm Allen key, remove the eight M5 socket-head bolts holding the drive unit in place, and keep them
safe – ensuring you have collected both the shake-proof and flat washers for each bolt. Gently lift the drive
unit out of its locating hole – please take care as it is heavy! Carefully disconnect the cables from the drive
unit.
3. To reinstate the driver, simply reverse the above procedure. Please observe the correct polarity – red cable to
positive terminal, black cable to negative.
4. Reinstate the grille by gently placing it in place over the front of the loudspeaker.
Replace the four M4
machine screws to secure it in place.
EMS-81X: High Frequency Drive Unit
1. Follow the procedure above to remove the front grille.
2. Using a 4mm Allen key, remove the four M5 socket-head bolts holding the waveguide in place.
Gently
disconnect the cables from the drive unit and remove the unit from the enclosure.
3. To reinstate the drive unit, gently reconnect the cables (white cable to positive terminal, yellow cable to
negative) and insert back into position. Note the waveguide orientation for correct dispersion. Replace the
four bolts and gently tighten.
4. Reinstate the grille by gently placing it in place over the front of the loudspeaker.
machine screws to secure it in place.
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Replace the four M4
WARRANTY
Limited Warranty
This EM Acoustics loudspeaker product is warranted to the original end-user purchaser and all subsequent owners
for a period of three years from the original date of purchase.
Warranty Coverage
This warranty covers defects in materials and workmanship. It does not include:
Damage or failure caused by accident, misuse, neglect, abuse or modification by any person other than an
authorised EM Acoustics representative.
Damage or failure caused by operating the loudspeaker product contrary to the instructions contained within
this manual.
Damage caused during shipment.
Claims based on any misrepresentation by the seller.
Products which contain anything other than the original components (or EM Acoustics factory supplied spare
parts).
Products on which the serial number has been removed, altered or defaced.
Returning your EM Acoustics loudspeaker
Should your EM Acoustics loudspeaker develop a fault, please return it (freight prepaid) in its original packaging,
along with proof of purchase to your local dealer or to:
EM Acoustics (Returns Department), Building 74, Dunsfold Park, Cranleigh, Surrey, GU6 8TB, UK
including a description of the suspected fault. Serial numbers must be quoted in all correspondence relating to the
claim. EM Acoustics or its representatives are in no way liable for any loss or damage in transit, and hence it is
recommended that the sender insure the shipment. EM Acoustics will pay for return freight should the repair be
covered under warranty.
EM Acoustics’ liability is to the replacement or repair (at our discretion) of any defective components, and as such
are not liable for any incidental and consequential damages including (without limitation) injury to persons,
damage to property or loss of use.
This warranty is exclusive and no other warranty is expressed or implied. This warranty is also in
addition to – and in no way detracts from – your statutory rights as a consumer.
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APPENDIX A – TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
EM Acoustics operates a continuous process of research and development, and as such reserves the right to alter specifications without notice.
EMS-81X
ENCLOSURE TYPE:
DIMENSIONS (HxWxD):
NET/SHIPPING WEIGHT:
FREQUENCY RESPONSE1:
SENSITIVITY2:
DISPERSION3:
DRIVE UNITS:
POWER HANDLING:
MAXIMUM SPL4:
NOMINAL IMPEDANCE:
CROSSOVER:
CONNECTORS:
ENCLOSURE:
RIGGING & HARDWARE:
GRILLE:
OPTIONS:
ACCESSORIES:
SPARE PARTS:
two-way passive, reflex loaded
462 (18.2) x 262 (10.3) x 261 (10.3) mm/(ins)
13/14kg (28.6/30.8lbs)
75Hz – 20kHz +/- 3dB
95dB
90 x 60, rotatable
8” (203mm) LF cone drive unit
1” (25mm) exit neodymium HF compression drive unit
250W RMS, 500W program
120dB continuous, 126dB peak
8 ohms
asymmetric internal passive
2 x Neutrik SpeakONTM NL4MP
15mm (5/8”) multi-laminate Birch plywood – rebated, screwed & glued.
Finished in impact resistant textured paint
5 x M8 threaded mounting points
4 x M6 threaded points for OmniMount Series 30/Powerdrive Series 75 brackets
1 x flush handle on rear
1 x 35mm polemount socket
hex punched steel backed with acoustically transparent foam
Colours/Weather Protection
FC-81Xv vertical flying cradle
FC-81Xh horizontal flying cradle
DFB-81X dual enclosure flying plate set
DU-802 8” drive unit
CDU-1001A 1” exit HF compression drive unit
RK-802 recone kit
PX-81X passive crossover assembly
RFG-81X replacement grille/foam
Notes on measurement conditions:
1
Measured on-axis at 2m in an anechoic environment and referenced to 1m.
2
Measured in half space at 2m with 4W sine wave input and referenced to 1m.
3
Nominal dispersion, measured in an anechoic environment and averaged over stated bandwidth
4
Calculated and verified by subjective listening test of familiar program material.
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