Enterasys | 802.1Q | User`s guide | Enterasys 802.1Q User`s guide

802.1Q VLAN
User’s Guide
9032599-03
NOTICE
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 2002 Enterasys Networks, Inc. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America.
Order Number: 9032599-03 December 2002
LANVIEW is a registered trademark and Enterasys Networks, NETSIGHT, MATRIX, WEBVIEW, and any logos
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All other product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
companies.
Version:
Information in this guide refers to firmware version 3.x and 4.x only.
It does not refer to firmware version 5.x.
This guide applies to 2X2XX, 6X2XX, and 6X3XX Ethernet switch
devices only.
Contents
Figures ............................................................................................................................................ v
Tables..............................................................................................................................................vi
PREFACE
Using This Guide............................................................................................................vii
Structure of This Guide ..................................................................................................vii
Related Documents....................................................................................................... viii
Document Conventions................................................................................................. viii
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Defining VLANs............................................................................................... 1-1
Types of VLANs .............................................................................................. 1-2
1.2.1
802.1Q VLANs ................................................................................ 1-3
1.2.2
SecureFast VLANs ......................................................................... 1-3
1.2.3
Other VLAN Strategies ................................................................... 1-3
Benefits and Restrictions ................................................................................ 1-3
VLAN Terms.................................................................................................... 1-4
Getting Help .................................................................................................... 1-6
Description ...................................................................................................... 2-1
VLAN Components ......................................................................................... 2-1
Configuration Process..................................................................................... 2-2
2.3.1
Defining a VLAN ............................................................................. 2-2
2.3.2
Classifying Frames to a VLAN ........................................................ 2-2
2.3.3
Customizing the VLAN Forwarding List .......................................... 2-2
VLAN Switch Operation .................................................................................. 2-3
2.4.1
Receiving Frames from VLAN Ports ............................................... 2-4
2.4.2
Forwarding Decisions ..................................................................... 2-4
2.4.2.1 Broadcasts, Multicasts, and Unknown Unicasts.............. 2-4
2.4.2.2 Known Unicasts............................................................... 2-5
GARP Switch Operation.................................................................................. 2-5
Managing the Switch....................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.1
Switch Without VLANs .................................................................... 3-1
3.1.2
Switch with VLANs.......................................................................... 3-2
Summary of VLAN Local Management........................................................... 3-4
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen ..................................................... 3-5
Device VLAN Configuration Screen ................................................................ 3-7
Contents
iii
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
iv
Contents
3.4.1
Defining a VLAN ........................................................................... 3-10
3.4.2
Changing the VLAN to FID Association ........................................ 3-11
3.4.3
Renaming a VLAN ........................................................................ 3-11
3.4.4
Deleting a VLAN ........................................................................... 3-12
3.4.5
Enabling VLANs............................................................................ 3-12
3.4.6
Disabling VLANs ........................................................................... 3-12
3.4.7
Changing the Forwarding Mode.................................................... 3-13
3.4.8
Paging Through the VLAN List ..................................................... 3-13
Port Assignment Configuration Screen ......................................................... 3-14
3.5.1
Changing the Port Mode ............................................................... 3-15
3.5.2
Assigning a VLAN ID .................................................................... 3-16
3.5.3
Paging Through the Port List ........................................................ 3-17
Port Filtering Configuration Screen ............................................................... 3-17
3.6.1
Displaying VLAN IDs Associated with a Port ................................ 3-19
3.6.2
Selecting the Type of Filtering for a Port....................................... 3-20
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen ....................................................... 3-20
3.7.1
Viewing Current VLAN Ports......................................................... 3-22
3.7.2
Paging Through VLAN Forwarding List Entries ............................ 3-22
3.7.3
Adding Forwarding List Entries ..................................................... 3-22
3.7.4
Deleting Forwarding List Entries ................................................... 3-23
3.7.5
Changing the Frame Format......................................................... 3-23
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen............................................................ 3-24
3.8.1
Displaying the Current Protocol, VLAN ID, and
Port Assignments.......................................................................... 3-27
3.8.2
Assigning a Protocol Family to a VLAN ID.................................... 3-27
3.8.3
Displaying the Protocol Types on Current Ports ........................... 3-29
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen............................................................. 3-29
3.9.1
Adding/Deleting Ports Associated with a VLAN ID ....................... 3-31
Quick VLAN Walkthrough ............................................................................. 3-32
Example 1, Single Switch Operation............................................................... 4-1
4.1.1
Solving the Problem........................................................................ 4-2
4.1.2
Frame Handling .............................................................................. 4-3
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches ................................................. 4-3
4.2.1
Solving the Problem........................................................................ 4-4
4.2.2
Frame Handling .............................................................................. 4-6
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network.......................... 4-8
4.3.1
Solving the Problem...................................................................... 4-10
4.3.2
Frame Handling ............................................................................ 4-11
Example 4, Isolating Network Traffic According to Protocol ......................... 4-14
4.4.1
Solving the Problem...................................................................... 4-15
Figures
Figure
1-1
2-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-11
Page
Example of a VLAN ......................................................................................................... 1-2
Inside the Switch ............................................................................................................. 2-3
Switch Management with Only Default VLAN ................................................................. 3-2
Switch Management with VLANs .................................................................................... 3-3
802.1Q VLAN Screen Hierarchy ..................................................................................... 3-4
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen ..................................................................... 3-6
Device VLAN Configuration Screen ................................................................................ 3-8
Port Assignment Configuration Screen ......................................................................... 3-14
Port Filtering Configuration Screen ............................................................................... 3-18
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen ....................................................................... 3-21
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen ............................................................................ 3-24
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen ............................................................................. 3-30
Walkthrough Stage One ................................................................................................ 3-33
Walkthrough Stage Two ................................................................................................ 3-34
Walkthrough Stage Three ............................................................................................. 3-35
Walkthrough Stage Four ............................................................................................... 3-36
Final Walkthrough Stage ............................................................................................... 3-37
Example 1, Single Switch Operation ............................................................................... 4-1
Switch Configured for VLANs .......................................................................................... 4-2
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches ................................................................. 4-4
Bridge 1 Broadcasts Frames ........................................................................................... 4-6
Transmitting to Switch 4 .................................................................................................. 4-7
Transmitting to Bridge 4 .................................................................................................. 4-8
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network .......................................... 4-9
Bridge 1 Broadcasts Frames ......................................................................................... 4-12
Switch 2 Forwards to 1Q Trunk ..................................................................................... 4-12
Switch 1 Forwards to 1D Trunk ..................................................................................... 4-13
Example 4, Isolating Traffic According to Protocol ........................................................ 4-15
Figures
v
Tables
Table
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
vi
Page
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen Menu Items ...............................................3-6
Device VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions ...................................................3-9
Port Assignment Configuration Screen Field Definitions ............................................3-15
Port Filtering Configuration Screen Field Definitions ..................................................3-18
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen Field Definitions ..........................................3-21
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions ...............................................3-25
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen Field Definitions ................................................3-30
Preface
Welcome to the Enterasys Networks 802.1Q VLAN User’s Guide. This guide introduces and
describes Enterasys Networks’ implementation of the IEEE 802.1Q standard for 802.1Q Virtual
Local Area Network (VLAN) technology, and the VLAN Local Management screens used to
configure Enterasys Networks products used in 802.1Q VLAN environments.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Information in this guide refers to firmware version 3.x and 4.x only. It does not refer to firmware
version 5.x.
This guide applies to 2X2XX, 6X2XX, and 6X3XX Ethernet switch devices only.
USING THIS GUIDE
This guide serves as a supplement to the Local Management chapter of the Enterasys Networks
user’s guides for devices that support 802.1Q VLANs. Read Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 first to gain
an understanding of VLANs, the associated terminology, and the process for configuring VLANs
on a switch. Look at the examples in Chapter 4 to see how VLANs can be created and changed
using the existing network infrastructure in a building and how the switch handles the frames while
they make their way through the networks shown in the examples. Chapter 3 describes the VLAN
Local Management screens and provides a quick walkthrough on how to use them to configure
VLANs in a switch.
STRUCTURE OF THIS GUIDE
This guide is organized as follows:
Chapter 1, Virtual Local Area Networks, presents the basic concepts of VLANs, including their
benefits and uses. This chapter also provides information about how to obtain additional help if
needed.
Chapter 2, VLAN Operation, describes the operation of an 802.1Q VLAN, the steps necessary to
prepare an 802.1Q VLAN aware switch for VLAN operation, and examines the operation of an
802.1Q VLAN switch.
Preface
vii
Related Documents
Chapter 3, VLAN Configuration, describes how to set up the switch for local and remote
management, shows the Local Management screens used in 802.1Q VLAN configuration and
explains their use.
Chapter 4, Examples, offers examples of 802.1Q VLANs and explains how network transmissions
are treated by the components of each VLAN.
RELATED DOCUMENTS
Other Enterasys Networks documents that may be useful for understanding some of the concepts
introduced or discussed in this guide are listed below:
The SmartSwitch user’s guide of any Enterasys Networks 802.1Q VLAN aware SmartSwitch
device.
The manual can be obtained from the World Wide Web in Adobe Acrobat Portable Document
Format (PDF) at the following site:
http://www.enterasys.com/
DOCUMENT CONVENTIONS
The following conventions are used throughout this document:
Note symbol. Calls the reader’s attention to any item of information that may be of
special importance.
In Local Management sections, Bold type indicates fields, field values, and commands that can be
highlighted or selected by the user.
In Local Management sections, keystrokes are shown in UPPERCASE.
Italic type denotes complete book titles.
viii
Preface
1
Virtual Local Area Networks
This chapter introduces the concepts of Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) and discusses the
central concepts of IEEE 802.1Q VLANs. This chapter also contains information on how to
contact Enterasys Networks for additional support related to VLANs.
1.1
DEFINING VLANs
A Virtual Local Area Network is a group of devices that function as a single Local Area Network
segment (broadcast domain). The devices that make up a particular VLAN may be widely
separated, both by geography and location in the network.
The creation of VLANs allows users located in separate areas or connected to separate ports to
belong to a single VLAN group. Users that are assigned to such a group will send and receive
broadcast and multicast traffic as though they were all connected to a common network. VLAN
aware switches isolate broadcast, multicast, and unknown traffic received from VLAN groups, so
that traffic from stations in a VLAN are confined to that VLAN.
When stations are assigned to a VLAN, the performance of their network connection is not
changed. Stations connected to switched ports do not sacrifice the performance of the dedicated
switched link to participate in the VLAN. As a VLAN is not a physical location, but a
membership, the network switches determine VLAN membership by associating a VLAN with a
particular port or frame type.
Figure 1-1 shows a simple example of a port based VLAN. Two buildings house the Sales and
Finance departments of a single company, and each building has its own internal network. The
stations in each building connect to a SmartSwitch in the basement. The two SmartSwitches are
connected to one another with a high speed link.
Virtual Local Area Networks
1-1
Types of VLANs
Building One
S
S
F
Building Two
S
S
F
A
F
1
10 9
trunk
SmartSwitch
S
S
Member of Sales Network
8
7 6
S
F
B
SmartSwitch
F
Member of Finance Network
2263-01
Figure 1-1
Example of a VLAN
In this example, the Sales and Finance workstations have been placed on two separate VLANs. In
a plain Ethernet environment, the entire network is a broadcast domain, and the SmartSwitches
follow the IEEE 802.1D bridging specification to send data between stations. A broadcast or
multicast transmission from a Sales workstation in Building One would propagate to all the switch
ports on SmartSwitch A, cross the high speed link to SmartSwitch B, and then propagated out all
switch ports on SmartSwitch B. The SmartSwitches treat each port as being equivalent to any other
port, and have no understanding of the departmental memberships of each workstation.
In a VLAN environment, each SmartSwitch understands that certain individual ports or frames are
members of separate workgroups. In this environment, a broadcast or multicast data transmission
from one of the Sales stations in Building One would reach SmartSwitch A, be sent to the ports
connected to other local members of the Sales VLAN, cross the high speed link to SmartSwitch B,
and then be sent to any other ports and workstations on SmartSwitch B that are members of the
Sales VLAN.
1.2
TYPES OF VLANs
There are a number of different strategies for creating Virtual Local Area Networks, each with
their own approaches to defining a station’s membership in a particular VLAN.
1-2
Virtual Local Area Networks
Benefits and Restrictions
1.2.1
802.1Q VLANs
An 802.1Q VLAN switch determines the VLAN membership of a data frame by its Tag Header,
described later in this chapter. If the frame received is not tagged, the switch classifies the frame
into the VLAN that is assigned as the default VLAN of the switch.
Some or all ports on the switch may be configured to operate as GARP VLAN Registration
Protocol (GVRP) ports. If a frame received is tagged, the frame is forwarded to the GVRP ports
that are configured to transmit frames associated with the frame VLAN ID and protocol. If the
received frame is not tagged, the frame is examined and tagged as belonging to the default VLAN.
Then the frame is forwarded to the GVRP ports that are configured to transmit frames associated
with the default VLAN and the frame protocol.
1.2.2
SecureFast VLANs
Enterasys Networks’ SecureFast VLAN strategy takes a different approach to creating virtual
LANs. In a SecureFast VLAN environment, the switches in the network recognize Network Layer
routing requests and translate them. Based on this translation, the switches set up a connection
between the end devices in the network.
1.2.3
Other VLAN Strategies
VLANs may also be created by a variety of addressing schemes, including the recognition of
groups of MAC addresses or types of traffic. One of the best-known VLAN-like schemes is the use
of IP Subnets to divide networks into smaller subnetworks.
1.3
BENEFITS AND RESTRICTIONS
The primary benefit of the 802.1Q VLAN technology is that it provides localization of traffic. This
function also offers improvements in security and performance to stations assigned to a VLAN.
While the localization of traffic to VLANs can improve security and performance, it imposes some
restrictions on network devices that participate in the VLAN. Through the use of Filtering
Database ID’s (FIDs) security can be implemented to enable or prevent users from one or more
VLANs from communicating with each other.
One or more VLANs can be assigned to a FID so that all the users that share a common FID can
communicate with each other regardless of their VLAN affiliation. However, for the sake of
security, the members of one FID cannot communicate with the members of another FID.
To set up a VLAN, all the network switch devices that are assigned to the VLAN must support the
IEEE 802.1Q specification for VLANs. Before you attempt to implement a VLAN strategy, ensure
that the switches under consideration support the IEEE 802.1Q specification.
Virtual Local Area Networks
1-3
VLAN Terms
1.4
VLAN TERMS
To fully understand the operation and configuration of port based VLANs, it is essential to
understand the definitions of several key terms.
VLAN ID
A unique number (between 1 and 4094) that identifies a particular VLAN.
VLAN Name
A 32-character alphanumeric name associated with a VLAN ID. The VLAN Name is intended to
make user-defined VLANs easier to identify and remember.
Filtering Database Identifier (FID)
Addressing information that the device learns about a VLAN is stored in the filtering database
assigned to that VLAN. Several VLANs can be assigned to the same FID to allow those VLANs to
share addressing information. This enables the devices in the different VLANs to communicate
with each other when the individual ports have been configured to allow communication to occur.
The configuration is accomplished using the Local Management VLAN Forwarding Configuration
screen. By default a VLAN is assigned to the FID that matches its VLAN ID.
Tag Header (VLAN Tag)
Four bytes of data inserted in a frame that identifies the VLAN/frame classification. The Tag
Header is inserted into the frame directly after the Source MAC address field. Twelve bits of the
Tag Header represent the VLAN ID. The remaining bits are other control information.
Tagged Frame
A data frame that contains a Tag Header. A VLAN aware device can add the Tag Header to any
frame it transmits.
Untagged Frame
A data frame that does not have a Tag Header.
Default VLAN
The VLAN to which all ports are assigned upon initialization. The Default VLAN has a VLAN ID
of 1 and cannot be deleted or renamed.
Forwarding List
A list of the ports on a particular device that are eligible to transmit frames for a selected VLAN.
1-4
Virtual Local Area Networks
VLAN Terms
Port VLAN List
A per port list of all eligible VLANs whose frames can be forwarded out one specific port and the
frame format (tagged or untagged) of transmissions for that port. The Port VLAN List specifies
what VLANs are associated with a single port for frame transmission purposes.
Filtering Database
A database structure within the switch that keeps track of the associations between MAC
addresses, VLANs, and interface (port) numbers. The Filtering Database is referred to when a
switch makes a forwarding decision on a frame.
1Q Trunk
A connection between 802.1Q switches that passes only traffic with a VLAN Tag Header inserted
in the frame. By default, a port designated as a 1Q Trunk port has all VLANs in its Port VLAN
List and is configured to transmit all frames as tagged frames. A 1Q Trunk drops all incoming
frames that do not have a VLAN tag.
1D Trunk
A connection from a switch that passes only untagged traffic. By default, a port designated as a 1D
Trunk port has all VLANs on its Port VLAN List and is configured to transmit all frames as
untagged frames.
Generic Attribute Registration Protocol (GARP)
GARP is a protocol used to propagate state information throughout a switched network.
GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP)
A GARP application used to dynamically create VLANs across a switched network.
GARP Multicast Registration Protocol (GMRP)
A GARP application that functions in a similar fashion as GVRP, except that GMRP registers
multicast addresses on ports to control the flooding of multicast frames.
Virtual Local Area Networks
1-5
Getting Help
1.5
GETTING HELP
For additional support related to this document, contact Enterasys Networks using one of the
following methods:
World Wide Web
http://www.enterasys.com
Phone
(603) 332-9400
Internet mail
support@enterasys.com
FTP
ftp://ftp.enterasys.com
Login
anonymous
Password
your email address
To send comments or suggestions concerning this document, contact the Technical Writing
Department via the following email address: TechWriting@enterasys.com
Make sure to include the document Part Number in the email message.
Before contacting Enterasys Networks for technical support, have the following information
ready:
• Your Enterasys Networks service contract number
• A description of the failure
• A description of any action(s) already taken to resolve the problem (e.g., changing mode
switches, rebooting the unit, etc.)
• The serial and revision numbers of all involved Enterasys Networks products in the network
• A description of your network environment (layout, cable type, etc.)
• Network load and frame size at the time of trouble (if known)
• The device history (i.e., have you returned the device before, is this a recurring problem, etc.)
• Any previous Return Material Authorization (RMA) numbers
1-6
Virtual Local Area Networks
2
VLAN Operation
This chapter describes the operation of a VLAN switch and discusses the operations that a VLAN
switch performs in response to both normal and VLAN-originated network traffic.
2.1
DESCRIPTION
The 802.1Q VLAN operation is slightly different than the operation of traditional switched
networking systems. These differences are due to the importance of keeping track of each frame
and its VLAN association as it passes from switch to switch or from port to port within a switch.
2.2
VLAN COMPONENTS
Before describing the operation of an 802.1Q VLAN, it is important to understand the basic
elements that are combined to make up an 802.1Q VLAN.
Stations
A station is any end unit that belongs to a network. In the vast majority of cases, stations are the
computers through which the users access the network.
Switches
In order to configure a group of stations into a VLAN, the stations must be connected to VLAN
aware switches. It is the job of the switch to classify received frames into VLAN memberships and
transmit frames, according to VLAN membership, with or without a VLAN Tag Header.
VLAN Operation
2-1
Configuration Process
2.3
CONFIGURATION PROCESS
Before a VLAN can operate, steps must be performed to configure the switch to establish and
configure a VLAN. Enterasys Networks VLAN aware SmartSwitches default to operate in the
802.1Q VLAN mode. However, further configuration is necessary to establish multiple logical
networks.
NOTE: The actual steps involved in VLAN configuration using Local Management are
presented in Chapter 3, VLAN Configuration.This brief section describes the actions
that must be taken in very general terms, and is intended only to aid in the
Administrator’s understanding of VLAN switch operation.
2.3.1
Defining a VLAN
A VLAN must exist and have a unique identity before any ports or rules can be assigned to it. The
Administrator defines a VLAN by assigning it a unique identification number (the VLAN ID), a
filter database association, and an optional name. The VLAN ID is the number that will identify
data frames originating from, and intended for, the ports that will belong to this new VLAN.
2.3.2
Classifying Frames to a VLAN
Now that a VLAN has been created, rules are defined to classify all frames in a VLAN. This is
accomplished through management by associating a VLAN ID with each port on the switch.
Optionally, frames can be classified according to a protocol identifier contained within the frame.
The order of frame classification priority is by VLAN Tag, a protocol match, and lastly the PVID.
This combination of the switch port’s identification and the VLAN ID becomes the Port VLAN ID
(PVID).
At the same time, the Administrator configures the trunk ports that need to consider themselves
members of every VLAN. The configuration of trunk ports is very important in multiswitch VLAN
configurations where a frame’s VLAN membership needs to be maintained across several
switches.
2.3.3
Customizing the VLAN Forwarding List
Each port on a VLAN aware switch has a VLAN forwarding list that contains, as a minimum, the
PVID of the VLAN configured. Additionally, the Port VLAN Forwarding List of each port can be
configured to allow any number of VLANs to be added to its list. In the case of GMRP (dynamic
VLANs), the list can have VLANs added and deleted by the switch as directed by the protocol.
2-2
VLAN Operation
VLAN Switch Operation
2.4
VLAN SWITCH OPERATION
IEEE 802.1Q VLAN switches act on the classification of frames into VLANs. Sometimes, VLAN
classification is based on tags in the headers of data frames. These VLAN tags are added to data
frames by the switch as the frames are transmitted out certain ports, and are later used to make
forwarding decisions by the switch and other VLAN aware switches. In the absence of a VLAN
tag header, the classification of a frame into a particular VLAN depends upon the configuration of
the switch port that received the frame.
The operation of an 802.1Q VLAN switch is best understood from a point of view of the switch
itself. To illustrate this concept, the examples that follow view the switch operations from inside
the switch.
Figure 2-1 depicts the inside of a switch with six ports, numbered one through six. The switch has
been configured to associate VLAN A and B with FID 2, VLAN C and D with FID 3, and VLAN
E with FID 4. Port 6 has been classified as a 1Q Trunk Port. This classification establishes that all
VLANs are members of the Port VLAN List for Port 6 and the frames transmitted for all VLANs
will contain a tag header. Also the PVID for Port 6 is set to the default VLAN with its
corresponding relationship to FID 1. Although untagged frames are not usually present on a 1Q
Trunk Port, any untagged frames received would need to be classified if the port has not been
configured to drop all untagged frames.
Figure 2-1
Inside the Switch
Port 1
A
FID 2
Port 4
D
FID 3
Port 2
Port 5
B
FID 2
E
FID 4
Port 3
Port 6
C
FID 3
Default
FID 1
2599-02
VLAN Operation
2-3
VLAN Switch Operation
2.4.1
Receiving Frames from VLAN Ports
When a switch is placed in 802.1Q Operational Mode, every frame received by the switch must
belong, or be assigned, to a VLAN.
Untagged Frames
The switch receives a frame from Port 1 and examines the frame. The switch notices that this
frame does not currently have a VLAN tag. The switch recognizes that Port 1 is a member of
VLAN A and classifies the frame as such. In this fashion, all untagged frames entering a VLAN
switch assume membership in a VLAN.
NOTE: A VLAN ID is always assigned to a port. By default, it is the Default VLAN
(VLAN ID = 1).
The switch will now make a forwarding decision on the frame, as described in Section 2.4.2.
Tagged Frames
In this example, the switch receives a tagged frame from Port 4. The switch examines the frame
and notices the frame is tagged for VLAN C. This frame may have already been through a VLAN
aware switch, or originated from a station capable of specifying a VLAN membership. If a switch
receives a frame containing a tag, the switch will classify the frame in regard to its tag rather than
the PVID for its port.
The switch will now make a forwarding decision on the frame, as described in Section 2.4.2.
2.4.2
Forwarding Decisions
The type of frame under consideration and the filter setting of a VLAN switch determines how it
forwards VLAN frames.
2.4.2.1
Broadcasts, Multicasts, and Unknown Unicasts
If a frame with a broadcast, multicast, or other unknown address is received by an 802.1Q VLAN
aware switch, the switch checks the VLAN classification of the frame. The switch then forwards
the frame out all ports that are identified in the Forwarding List for that VLAN. For example, if
Port 3, shown in Figure 2-1, received the frame, the frame would then be sent to all ports that had
VLAN C in their Port VLAN List.
2-4
VLAN Operation
GARP Switch Operation
2.4.2.2
Known Unicasts
When a VLAN switch receives a frame with a known MAC address as its destination address, the
action taken by the switch to determine how the frame is transmitted depends on the VLAN, the
VLAN associated FID, and if the port identified to send the frame is enabled to do so.
When a frame is received it is classified into a VLAN. The destination address is looked up in the
FID associated with the VLAN. If a match is found, it is forwarded out the port identified in the
lookup if, and only if, that port is allowed to transmit frames for that VLAN. If a match is not
found, then the frame is flooded out all ports that are allowed to transmit frames belonging to that
VLAN.
For example, assume that a frame is received by the switch depicted in Figure 2-1. This frame is a
unicast untagged frame received on Port 3. The frame is then classified for VLAN C. The switch
then makes its forwarding decision by comparing the destination MAC address to its filtering
database. In this case, the MAC address is looked up in the filtering database FID 3, which is
associated with VLAN C and VLAN D. The switch recognizes the destination MAC address of the
frame as being located out Port 4.
Having made the forwarding decision, the switch now examines the Port VLAN List of Port 4 to
determine if it may transmit a frame belonging to VLAN C. If so, the frame is transmitted out Port
4. If Port 4 has not been configured to transmit frames belonging to VLAN C, the frame is
discarded.
2.5
GARP SWITCH OPERATION
Some or all ports on the switch may be activated to operate under the Generic Attribute
Registration Protocol (GARP) applications, GVRP and/or GMRP. For a description of the
protocols and how the frames are handled, refer to the user’s guide of your SmartSwitch device.
VLAN Operation
2-5
3
VLAN Configuration
This chapter describes how to set up the switch for local or remote management, and the VLAN
Local Management screens used to create and configure VLANs in a SmartSwitch.
3.1
MANAGING THE SWITCH
The switch may be managed locally via a terminal connected to the COM port, or remotely
(SNMP or Telnet sessions) from a management station connected to a switch port that is a member
of the same VLAN as the switch’s Host Data Port. (By default, this is the default VLAN.) When
the switch is configured with VLANs, special precautions must be taken to use remote
management.
3.1.1
Switch Without VLANs
When the switch is powered up, the switch uses its default settings to switch frames like an 802.1D
switch. In this default configuration, all ports are a member of the default VLAN (VLAN 1)
including the virtual Host Data Port of the switch, so any port can be used to manage the device as
shown in Figure 3-1.
VLAN Configuration
3-1
Managing the Switch
Figure 3-1
Switch Management with Only Default VLAN
802.1Q Switch
1
2
3
Host
Data
Port
4
5
6
NOTE: All ports, including the virtual Host Data Port, are
members of the default VLAN. Therefore, any station
shown may be used as the management station.
2599_14
3.1.2
Switch with VLANs
If the switch is to be configured for multiple VLANs, it may be desirable to configure a
management-only VLAN. This allows a management station connected to the management VLAN
to manage all ports on the switch and make management secure by preventing management via
ports assigned to other VLANs.
NOTE: The switch’s virtual Host Data Port, like any other port, has configurable VLAN
membership. For manageability of the device to be maintained, this port must be a
member of the same VLAN as the port to which the management station is connected.
Figure 3-2 shows an example of a switch configured with port 1 on the Management VLAN port
and the other users belonging to VLANs A, B, and C.
3-2
VLAN Configuration
Managing the Switch
Figure 3-2
Switch Management with VLANs
Management
VLAN
VLAN A
VLAN A
802.1Q Switch
1
2
3
4
Host
Data
Port
7
5
6
Set as an 802.1Q Trunk port.
VLAN B
VLAN B
VLAN C
25992_15
To set up the switch shown in Figure 3-2 to establish a management VLAN on port 1, use the
process described below:
1. Use the Device VLAN Configuration screen for the following:
a. Define a new VLAN named “Management VLAN” (or other suitable name) and its
VLAN ID. In this example, the VLAN ID is set to 2.
b. Set the FID so the Management VLAN has its own number to make the VLAN secure. In
this example, the FID is 3 and no other VLAN should be assigned to this FID. This keeps the
new VLAN from sharing its filtering database with other VLANs in the switch. For details
on defining a VLAN, refer to Section 3.4.1.
2. Use the Port Assignment Configuration screen for the following:
a. Assign the VLAN ID, 2, of the new Management VLAN to a port. In this example, it is port
1. Leave the Port Mode setting in the default value of HYBRID.
NOTE: It is not necessary to configure a physical port for management on each switch.
Only those switches that will have a management station attached to it need a physical
port assigned to the Management VLAN.
b. Assign the VLAN ID, 2, of the new Management VLAN to the Host Data Port. The port
number will depend on the device. This port is not a physical port and will usually be one
number above the maximum number physical ports on the device, including the ports on any
optional interfaces installed. In this example, it will be port 8. Leave the Port Mode setting
in the default value of HYBRID. For details on assigning a VLAN ID, refer to Section 3.4.2.
VLAN Configuration
3-3
Summary of VLAN Local Management
This process would be repeated on every switch that is connected in the network to ensure that
each switch has a secure Management VLAN for switch management.
If the switch was connected to another switch via port 7, which was set as a 1Q Trunk port, then
the management station connected to the Management VLAN port of either switch could manage
both switches.
NOTE: The management stations at each switch must be on the same Management
VLAN.
No matter how many switches are connected, a management station connected to any port on the
same Management VLAN can be used to remotely manage any Enterasys Networks 802.1Q
switch in the network as long as the Host Data Port of all the switches are members of the same
Management VLAN.
3.2
SUMMARY OF VLAN LOCAL MANAGEMENT
The VLAN configuration process is an extension of normal Local Management operations. A
series of Local Management screens provides access to the functions and commands necessary to
add, change, or delete VLANs and to assign ports to those VLANs.
A switch supporting 802.1Q VLANs provides the VLAN Configuration screens as a standard part
of its Local Management hierarchy when the switch is configured to operate in 802.1Q Mode. The
hierarchy of the Local Management screens pertaining to 802.1Q VLAN configuration is shown in
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3
802.1Q VLAN Screen Hierarchy
802.1Q VLAN
Configuration Menu
Device VLAN Configuration
Port Assignment Configuration
Port Filtering Configuration
VLAN Forwarding Configuration
Protocol VLAN Configuration
Protocol Ports Configuration
25994_03
3-4
VLAN Configuration
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen
Preparing for VLAN Configuration
A little forethought and planning is essential to a good VLAN implementation. Before attempting
to configure a single switch for VLAN operation, consider the following:
• How many VLANs will be required
• What stations will belong to them
• What ports are connected to those stations
• What ports will be configured as GARP-aware ports
It may also be helpful to sketch out a diagram of your VLAN strategy. The examples provided in
Chapter 4 may be useful for a depiction of the planning process.
Access Local Management as described in your device user’s guide. Perform all required initial
setup operations. Navigate to the 802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen to begin the VLAN
configuration process for the device.
3.3
802.1Q VLAN CONFIGURATION MENU SCREEN
When to Use
To select screens to assign switched network ports to VLANs, define new VLANs, and configure
port filtering according to a VLAN list or untagged frames. Network users can be logically
grouped into VLANs even if they span long physical distances over a vast, intricate physical
network. The VLAN Local Management menu items listed on the 802.1Q VLAN Configuration
Menu allow such VLANs to be configured on a network at the switched port of the device or
SmartSwitch chassis. Also, some or all of the ports on the switch can be configured as GVRP
ports, which enable frames received with a particular VLAN ID and protocol to be transmitted on
a limited number of ports. This keeps the traffic associated with a particular VLAN and protocol to
be isolated from the other parts of the network.
Before attempting the VLAN configuration, ensure that the device to be configured has been set
for 802.1Q SWITCHING mode. The mode selection is a Local Management operation that is
accessible through the General Configuration screen of the device.
CAUTION: The device resets when changing operational modes.
VLAN Configuration
3-5
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight the 802.1Q VLAN CONFIGURATION MENU item from the
module, device, or chassis specific Configuration Menu screen and press ENTER. The 802.1Q
VLAN Configuration Menu screen displays.
Screen Example
Figure 3-4
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Slot Number: xx
Firmware Revision:
XX.XX.XX
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
DEVICE VLAN CONFIGURATION
PORT ASSIGNMENT CONFIGURATION
PORT FILTERING CONFIGURATION
VLAN FORWARDING CONFIGURATION
PROTOCOL VLAN CONFIGURATION
EXIT
RETURN
25994-04
Menu Definitions
Table 3-1
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen Menu Items
Menu Item
Screen Function
DEVICE VLAN
CONFIGURATION
Used to view, add, name, enable, or disable VLANs within the
device, and also associate the VLANs to a Filter Database ID (FID).
It also enables the user to configure attributes that apply to the entire
switch and/or VLANs. Refer to Section 3.4 for additional
information.
3-6
VLAN Configuration
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
Table 3-1
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu Screen Menu Items (Continued)
Menu Item
Screen Function
PORT
ASSIGNMENT
CONFIGURATION
Displays a list of ports and enables the user to assign a Port VLAN ID
(PVID) to each port. The screen also allows the user to change the
operational mode of a port. Refer to Section 3.5 for additional
information.
PORT FILTERING
CONFIGURATION
Used to set the switch to filter out inbound frames to prevent them
from being forwarded by the switch out a particular port. This screen
also lists the VLANs whose frames are eligible to be transmitted out
that port. Refer to Section 3.6 for additional information.
VLAN
FORWARDING
CONFIGURATION
Used to view which ports are included in the VLAN’s Forwarding
List and whether to include a Tag Header in a frame being
transmitted. Refer to Section 3.7 for additional information.
PROTOCOL VLAN
CONFIGURATION
Used to assign VLAN IDs to protocol types of received frames and to
access the Protocol Port Configuration screen to add or delete
transmitting ports associated with a specific VLAN ID and protocol
type. Refer to Section 3.6 for additional information.
3.4
DEVICE VLAN CONFIGURATION SCREEN
When to Use
To define the operating characteristics of the switch to add, name, delete, enable, and disable
VLANs, and assign VLANs to FIDs. The screen can display up to eight VLANs simultaneously.
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight the DEVICE VLAN CONFIGURATION menu item on the
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen and press ENTER. The Device VLAN Configuration
screen displays.
VLAN Configuration
3-7
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
Screen Example
Figure 3-5
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Device VLAN Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Firmware Revision:
Slot Number: xx
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
XX.XX.XX
Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports: [NO]
VLAN ID
FID
VLAN Name
Admin Status
1
1
DEFAULT VLAN
[Enabled]
VLAN ID: 1
SAVE
FID: 1
VLAN Name: DEFAULT VLAN
[ADD]
EXIT
RETURN
25993-05
3-8
VLAN Configuration
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
Field Definitions
Table 3-2
Device VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions
Use this field …
To …
Forward Default VLAN
Out All Ports
(Toggle)
Assign or remove the default VLAN from the Port VLAN List
for all ports. When set to YES, the default VLAN is added to the
Port VLAN List of all ports that do not already include it. When
set to NO, the default VLAN is removed from the Port VLAN
List of any port that does not have the default VLAN as its PVID.
The default is NO.
VLAN ID - upper part of
screen (Read-Only)
Display the assigned VLAN IDs that are configured in the
module. Initially, only the Default VLAN (VLAN ID: 1) is listed.
FID - upper part of screen
(Read-Only)
Display the names assigned to the corresponding VLAN IDs. If a
name has not been assigned to a VLAN, the VLAN Name field
displays, “Not Defined”.
Admin Status (Toggle)
Set the current state of the associated VLAN. This field toggles
between Enabled and Disabled. An enabled VLAN is operational
and a disabled VLAN is not operational. If a VLAN is disabled,
all ports assigned to that VLAN will assume a PVID of the
default VLAN.
VLAN Configuration
3-9
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
Table 3-2 Device VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions (Continued) (Continued)
Use this field …
To …
VLAN ID - lower part of
screen (Modifiable)
Enter input to select or define a new VLAN ID.
FID - lower part of screen
(Modifiable)
Display the FID currently associated with the VLAN typed in the
VLAN ID field. A new number can be typed into the FID field to
reassign the VLAN to a different filtering database. Each VLAN
will default to a FID that matches its VLAN ID and can be
changed to a FID from 1 to 1094.
VLAN Name - lower part
of screen (Modifiable)
Assign or change names of VLANs. The VLAN Name (with up
to 32 characters) is an optional attribute of a VLAN, and is not
required for VLAN operation.
ADD/DEL (Toggle)
Toggle the action taken between adding the entered VLAN to the
switch or deleting the selected VLAN from the switch.
3.4.1
Defining a VLAN
To define a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field.
2. Enter the VLAN ID using a unique number between 2 and 4094. The VLAN IDs of 0, 1, and
4095 may not be used for user-defined VLANs.
If an illegal number is entered, the Event Message Line will display: ”PERMISSIBLE RANGE
FOR VLAN IDS: 2 to 4094” and the field will refresh with the previous value.
NOTE: Each VLAN ID must be unique. If a duplicate VLAN ID is entered, the switch
assumes that the Administrator intends to modify the existing VLAN.
3. If the VLAN is to be assigned to a different filtering database, use the arrow keys to highlight
the FID field. If the VLAN is not going to be assigned to a different FID, go to Step 5.
4. Type in the ID number of the FID.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Name field.
3-10
VLAN Configuration
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
6. Type a name of up to 32 ASCII characters in the VLAN Name field. This is an optional attribute
of a VLAN, and is not required for VLAN operation.
7. Use the arrow keys to highlight the ADD/DEL field.
8. Press the SPACE bar to select ADD for a defined VLAN. Press ENTER. The new VLAN will
be added to the VLAN list. The message “VLAN ADDED” displays in the Event Message Line
in the upper left-hand corner of the screen.
The VLAN will not be saved to the switch until the configuration is saved.
9. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.4.2
Changing the VLAN to FID Association
To change the association of a VLAN to a FID, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field.
2. Enter the VLAN ID of the VLAN of which the FID association is to be changed.
If an illegal number is entered, the Event Message Line will display: ”PERMISSIBLE RANGE
FOR VLAN IDS: 2 to 4094” and the field will refresh with the previous value.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the FID field.
4. Type in the ID number of the FID. If the ID number is valid, the Event Message Line in the
upper left hand corner of the screen displays “VLAN # UPDATED”, where # represents the
entered ID number.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.4.3
Renaming a VLAN
To change the name of an existing VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Enter the VLAN ID. The VLAN Name field will automatically update to display the VLAN’s
current name.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Name field.
3. Type a name of up to 32 ASCII characters in the VLAN Name field. Press ENTER. If the name
is valid, the Event Message Line in the upper left hand corner of the screen displays “VLAN #
UPDATED”, where # represents the entered VLAN name.
VLAN Configuration
3-11
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.4.4
Deleting a VLAN
To delete a VLAN from the current VLAN list, proceed as follows:
1. Enter the VLAN ID. The VLAN Name field will automatically update to display the VLAN’s
name if that VLAN has been previously configured.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the ADD/DEL field.
3. Press the SPACE bar to select DEL. Press ENTER. The VLAN is removed from the list. The
message “VLAN DELETED” displays in the Event Message Line in the upper left-hand corner
of the screen.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
The message “SAVED OK” displays.
NOTE: The default VLAN cannot be deleted from the list.
3.4.5
Enabling VLANs
To enable a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Admin Status field of the selected VLAN.
2. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display Enabled.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.4.6
Disabling VLANs
To disable a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Admin Status field of the selected VLAN.
2. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display Disabled.
3-12
VLAN Configuration
Device VLAN Configuration Screen
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
NOTE: The default VLAN cannot be disabled.
3.4.7
Changing the Forwarding Mode
To change the forwarding mode of the switch, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports field.
2. Press the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to toggle between YES and NO. The YES selection
places the default VLAN (VLAN ID=1) in the Port VLAN Lists of all ports on the switch. The
NO selection removes the default VLAN from the Port VLAN Lists of all ports, unless those
ports have a PVID of 1 (those belonging to only the Default VLAN).
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.4.8
Paging Through the VLAN List
To display additional VLANs that do not display in the current VLAN List as shown on the screen,
use the NEXT or PREVIOUS commands located at the bottom of the screen, as follows:
NOTE: The NEXT and PREVIOUS fields will only display if there are further VLAN List
entries to page through.
1. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT. Press ENTER to view the
entries on the next screen.
2. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to
view the entries on the previous screen.
VLAN Configuration
3-13
Port Assignment Configuration Screen
3.5
PORT ASSIGNMENT CONFIGURATION SCREEN
When to Use
To select a mode of operation for each port and to assign a Port VLAN Identification (PVID) to
each port.
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight the PORT ASSIGNMENT CONFIGURATION menu item on
the 802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen and press ENTER. The Port Assignment
Configuration screen displays.
Screen Example
Figure 3-6
Port Assignment Configuration Screen
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Port Assignment Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Firmware Revision:
Slot Number: xx
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
Port
Port Mode
VLAN ID
FID
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
[1D TRUNK]
[1Q TRUNK]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
SAVE
PREVIOUS
XX.XX.XX
VLAN Name
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
NEXT
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
EXIT
RETURN
25992-06
3-14
VLAN Configuration
Port Assignment Configuration Screen
Field Definitions
Table 3-3
Port Assignment Configuration Screen Field Definitions
Use this field …
To …
Port
(Read-Only)
See the port numbers of the interfaces of the current module.
Port Mode
(Selectable)
Display the current operational mode for the corresponding port and
select one of three modes: HYBRID, 1Q TRUNK, or ID TRUNK.
The default is HYBRID.
VLAN ID (Selectable)
Select the ID number of the VLAN that is associated with the current
port (Port VLAN ID). This is the VLAN ID into which any untagged
frame will be classified. The default PVID is 0001.
FID (Read-Only)
Display the FID associated with the VLAN ID. This field updates as
the associated VLAN ID field is changed.
VLAN Name
(Read-Only)
Display the name that is associated with the current VLAN ID. If a
name was not assigned to a VLAN, “NOT DEFINED” displays as
the VLAN name.
3.5.1
Changing the Port Mode
To change the operational mode of a port, proceed as follows.
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the PORT MODE field for the module and port combination
you wish to change.
2. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step through the available selections. A port may
be configured for any of the following modes:
• HYBRID – This is the default mode for all ports on the switch. The initial Port VLAN List
includes the PVID with a frame format of untagged. Any other VLANs desired for the Port
VLAN List need to be manually configured. By changing the default mode to 1Q Trunk or
1D Trunk, the Port VLAN List and the associated frame type are automatically configured.
• 1Q TRUNK – This mode sets the port for transmitting to another 802.1Q aware device. In
this mode, all frames are transmitted with a tag header included in the frame (excluding
BPDUs). The switch will drop all untagged frames it receives on the 1Q Trunk port. The Port
VLAN List for the port includes all VLANs.
VLAN Configuration
3-15
Port Assignment Configuration Screen
• 1D TRUNK – This mode sets the port for transmitting to a legacy 802.1D switch fabric. In
this mode, all incoming frames are classified into the default VLAN and all frames are
transmitted untagged. The switch expects to receive only untagged frames through the
1D Trunk port. This mode also updates the Port VLAN List and makes the port eligible to
transmit frames for all VLANs. The 1D Trunk mode can be used in conjunction with the
“Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports” parameter and the Default VLAN to allow all
stations on a legacy portion of the network to access all stations or servers in the 802.1Q
portion of the network.
3. When the desired operational mode for the port is displayed, use the arrow keys to highlight the
SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.5.2
Assigning a VLAN ID
The Port Assignment Configuration screen also enables the user to set each port’s VLAN ID
(PVID) by stepping through a list of all configured VLANs. To assign a VLAN ID to a port in this
manner, perform the following steps:
NOTE: It may be necessary to use the NEXT and PREVIOUS commands to page
through the available ports. For instructions, refer to Section 3.5.3.
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field for the port combination you wish to
change.
2. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step sequentially through the previously
configured VLAN ID numbers. Only existing VLAN IDs will be displayed.
NOTE: New VLAN IDs must be created with the functions available on the Device VLAN
Configuration screen, discussed in Section 3.4.
3. When the desired VLAN ID is displayed, use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command
at the bottom of the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3-16
VLAN Configuration
Port Filtering Configuration Screen
3.5.3
Paging Through the Port List
To display additional ports that do not display in the current screen, use the NEXT or PREVIOUS
commands at the bottom of the screen, as follows:
NOTE: The NEXT and PREVIOUS fields will only display if there are further Port List
entries to page through.
1. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT. Press ENTER to view the
entries on the next screen.
2. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to
view the entries on the previous screen.
3.6
PORT FILTERING CONFIGURATION SCREEN
When to Use
To perform the following functions:
• Select a port and view a list of VLANs that are configured to have their frames transmitted out
that port.
• Filter out certain incoming frames according to the VLAN List and prevent them from being
switched and transmitted out another port.
• Filter out of all incoming untagged frames so they will not be transmitted out another port.
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight the PORT FILTERING CONFIGURATION menu item on the
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen and press ENTER. The Port Filtering Configuration
screen displays.
VLAN Configuration
3-17
Port Filtering Configuration Screen
Screen Example
Figure 3-7
Port Filtering Configuration Screen
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Port Filtering Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Firmware Revision:
Slot Number: xx
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
XX.XX.XX
Port VLAN List
VLAN ID
0001
0003
0004
0012
0014
0020
Filter Using VLAN Lists: [NO]
Port: [002]
SAVE
VLAN Name
Default VLAN
Not Defined
Not Defined
Not Defined
Not Defined
Not Defined
Filter All Untagged Frames: [NO]
PREVIOUS
NEXT
EXIT
RETURN
25992-07
Field Definitions
Table 3-4
Port Filtering Configuration Screen Field Definitions
Use this field …
To …
VLAN ID (Read-Only)
See the VLAN ID of the VLANs that are configured to have their
frames transmitted out the port selected in the Port # field.
VLAN Name
(Read-Only)
See the names of the VLANs associated with the VLAN ID. If a
VLAN does not have a name, “Not Defined” is displayed.
Port
(Selectable)
To step to the port number of the interface being configured
including the selection of ALL ports.
3-18
VLAN Configuration
Port Filtering Configuration Screen
Table 3-4
Port Filtering Configuration Screen Field Definitions (Continued)
Use this field …
To …
Filter Using VLAN
Lists (Toggle)
Filter out (drop) frames that are classified, via their VLAN tag, as
belonging to a VLAN that is not on the Port VLAN List and prevent
them from being forwarded by the switch.
This field toggles between YES and NO. YES enables filtering
according to the Port VLAN List. NO allows the switch to forward
the frames. The default is NO.
Filter All Untagged
Frames
(Toggle)
3.6.1
To filter out all incoming untagged frames so they will not be
forwarded by the switch. This field toggles between YES and NO.
YES enables the filtering of untagged frames. NO allows the switch
to forward untagged frames. The default is NO.
Displaying VLAN IDs Associated with a Port
To display the VLAN IDs and VLAN Names of the VLANs associated with a particular port,
proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field.
2. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step through the available port selections. The
screen displays the Port VLAN List of the selected Port. If ALL is selected, no VLAN ID or
VLAN Name information is displayed under Port VLAN List.
3. To display additional VLANs that do not display in the current screen display, use the NEXT
or PREVIOUS commands located at the bottom of the screen, as follows:
NOTE: The NEXT and PREVIOUS fields will only display if there are further VLANs in
the list to page through.
4. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT. Press ENTER to view the
entries on the next screen.
5. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to
view the entries on the previous screen.
VLAN Configuration
3-19
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
3.6.2
Selecting the Type of Filtering for a Port
A port can be set to filter out received frames according to its Port VLAN List. This keeps them
from being transmitted and drops all untagged frames from being transmitted. To set this type of
filtering, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port # field.
2. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step through the available port selections.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Filter Using VLAN List field.
4. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to toggle between YES and NO. When set to YES,
the switch will drop all incoming frames that are classified with a VLAN tag of a VLAN that
does not appear on the Port VLAN List. The default is NO.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Filter All Untagged Frames field.
6. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to toggle between YES or NO. When set to YES, the
switch will drop all incoming frames that do not have a VLAN tag header. The default is NO.
7. To save the settings, Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the
screen.
8. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays. The settings are saved.
3.7
VLAN FORWARDING CONFIGURATION SCREEN
When to Use
To perform the following functions:
• View the ports included in a VLAN’s Forwarding List.
• Define which ports to include in the VLAN’s Forwarding List.
• Specify the formats of the frames (Tagged or Untagged) that a VLAN port will forward.
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN FORWARDING CONFIGURATION menu item on
the 802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen and press ENTER. The VLAN Forwarding
Configuration screen displays.
3-20
VLAN Configuration
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
Screen Example
Figure 3-8
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
VLAN Forwarding Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Firmware Revision:
Slot Number: xx
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
XX.XX.XX
Current VLAN Ports
Port Type
Frame Format
Port 15
Etherent Frontpanel
Untagged
Port 17
Etherent Frontpanel
Untagged
Port 20
Etherent Frontpanel
Untagged
Port 23
Etherent Frontpanel
Untagged
Port 24
Etherent Frontpanel
Untagged
Port 25
Etherent Frontpanel
Untagged
Port 35
ATM ELAN Finance
Tagged
Port 30
ATM PVC VCI-1 VP!-23
Untagged
VLAN ID: [4094]
VLAN Name: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Port: [30]
ATM PVC VCI-1 VPI-23
SAVE
PREVIOUS
NEXT
[DELETE]
Frame Type: [Untagged]
EXIT
RETURN
25991-08
Field Definitions
Table 3-5
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen Field Definitions
Use this field …
To …
Current VLAN Ports
(Read-Only)
See the ports that are currently configured to transmit frames
classified to the selected VLAN.
Port Type
(Read-Only)
See the MIB2 interface description for the selected switch port.
Frame Format
(Read-Only)
See the frame format (Tagged or Untagged) for the frames of the
selected VLAN that the port will transmit.
VLAN ID (Selectable)
Select the identification of the VLAN under examination. This screen
displays the list of ports currently configured to transmit frames for
the VLAN ID in this field.
VLAN Configuration
3-21
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
Table 3-5
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen Field Definitions (Continued)
Use this field …
To …
VLAN Name
(Read-Only)
See the name associated with the VLAN ID.
ADD/DELETE
(Toggle)
Swap the action taken to add or delete a port from the VLAN
Forwarding List.
Port (Selectable)
Select the port number of the interface being configured. The MIB2
interface description of the port appears to the right of the Port field.
In Section 3-8, ATM PVC VCI-1 VPI-23 is the Port Type for Port 30.
Frame Type (Toggle)
Select the format of frames (Tagged or Untagged) that will be
transmitted by the selected port for this VLAN. The default is
Untagged.
3.7.1
Viewing Current VLAN Ports
To display the VLAN Forwarding List for a particular VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to
step to the desired VLAN ID and VLAN Name.
2. Press ENTER. The screen updates to display the VLAN Forwarding List for the selected
VLAN.
3.7.2
Paging Through VLAN Forwarding List Entries
To display additional entries in the VLAN Forwarding List that do not appear on the screen, use
the NEXT or PREVIOUS commands located at the bottom of the screen, as follows:
1. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT. Press ENTER to view the
entries on the next screen.
2. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to
view the entries on the previous screen.
3.7.3
Adding Forwarding List Entries
To add a port to the VLAN Forwarding List, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to
step to the desired VLAN ID and VLAN Name. Press ENTER.
3-22
VLAN Configuration
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field. Step through the available ports on the module
with the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the ADD/DELETE field. Press the SPACE bar to select ADD
or DELETE. Press ENTER.
The Forwarding List entry will be added to the list of current VLANs once the configuration is
saved.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
5. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
The port is added to the VLAN Forwarding List of the selected VLAN.
3.7.4
Deleting Forwarding List Entries
To remove a port from the currently displayed VLAN Forwarding List, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to
step to the desired VLAN ID and VLAN Name. Press ENTER.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field. Step through the available ports on the module
with the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the ADD/DELETE field. Press the SPACE bar to select DEL.
Press ENTER.
The Forwarding List entry will be deleted from the list of current VLANs once the configuration
is saved.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
5. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays and the port is deleted from the VLAN
Forwarding List of the selected VLAN.
3.7.5
Changing the Frame Format
To change the frame format for a port, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field. Step through the available ports by pressing the
SPACE bar or BACKSPACE.
2. Using the arrow keys, select the Frame Type field. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to
toggle between Tagged or Untagged.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
VLAN Configuration
3-23
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen
3.8
PROTOCOL VLAN CONFIGURATION SCREEN
When to Use
To assign a protocol to a VLAN ID on one or more ports on the switch. This enables the switch to
add a particular VLAN identifier with the specified protocol to each frame that arrives on a
configured port.þ Other switches receiving the frame will classify the frame according to the
VLAN identifier within the frame. Entries may also be deleted or modified.
When the frame is transmitted, it is sent to the ports associated with the VLAN ID as established
using the Protocol Port Configuration screen.
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight the PROTOCOL VLAN CONFIGURATION menu item on the
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen and press ENTER. The Protocol VLAN Configuration
screen displays.
Screen Example
Figure 3-9
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen
2E253-49R LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Protocol VLAN Configuration
Firmware Revision:
Module Type: xxxx-xx
Slot Number: xx
VLAN ID
0001
0002
Protocol Type
Configured Ports
0x0800 (IP)
0x0801 (CUSTOM)
VLAN ID: [ 2 ]
SAVE
[
ALL PORTS
USER DEFINED PORT LIST
Feature Status: [ ENABLED ]
Configure Ports: [ ALL PORTS ]
Protocol Type:
XX.XX.XX
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
CUSTOM
PREVIOUS
Action: [ ADD/MODIFY ]
]
Ether type:
NEXT
EXIT
0x0800
RETURN
25991_23
3-24
VLAN Configuration
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen
Field Definitions
Table 3-6
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions
Use this field …
To …
VLAN ID - upper
part of screen
(Selectable)
Display the VLAN IDs currently configured and may be selected
after the screen is saved to call up the Protocol Ports Configuration
screen using the ENTER key.
Protocol Type - upper
part of screen
(Selectable)
Display the protocol type associated with the VLAN ID in the VLAN
ID column. This field may be selected after the screen is saved to call
up the Protocol Ports Configuration screen.
Configured Ports
(Selectable)
Indicate if a VLAN ID and Protocol Type applies to all configurable
ports or only those listed in the Protocol Ports Configuration screen
for that Priority and Protocol Type. Configurable ports are all the
physical ports and existing virtual interfaces (such as for ATM).
VLAN ID
(Modifiable)
Enter the VLAN ID which will be assigned to a protocol. The VLAN
ID may be one already created or a new one. If a new VLAN ID is
entered, it will be added to the VLAN Configuration with a FID of the
same value as the VLAN ID and a VLAN name of PROTOCOL
VLAN. To enter the VLAN IDs, refer to Section 3.8.2.
Configure Ports
(Toggle)
Apply the priority and protocol type to all or none of the configurable
ports. The choices are:
ALL PORTS
NO PORTS
NOTE: If ports are added or removed from the port list in the Priority
Ports Configuration screen described in Section 3.9, the Configured
Ports for the particular VLAN ID and Protocol Type will change from
ALL PORTS or NO PORTS to USER DEFINED PORT LIST in the
Protocol Priority Configuration screen.
VLAN Configuration
3-25
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen
Table 3-6
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions (Continued)
Use this field …
To …
Protocol Type
(Selectable)
Select one of the following protocol types:
IP – pertains to all IP associated Ether Types (i.e., 0x0x0800, 0x0806,
and, 0x8035).
IPX – pertains to all IPX associated Ether Types (i.e., 0x8137,
0x8138, and special cases, 0x0100 [LLC Type 1 Encapsulation] and
0x0101 [LLC Type 2 Encapsulation]).
Appletalk – pertains to all Appletalk associated Ether Types (i.e.,
0x809B and 0x80F3).
Netbios – pertains to all Netbios associated Ether Types (i.e. 0x0102).
Banyan Vines – pertains to all Banyan Vines associated Ether Types
(i.e., 0x0103 and 0x0BAD).
DECNET – pertains to all DECNET associated Ether Types.
CUSTOM – when this field is chosen, Ether Type “0x0” displays so
the user can input a particular Ether Type.
NOTE: Any Ether type selected or entered in the Ether type field and
saved will become part of the selection in the protocol field.
For details, refer to Section 3.8.1.
Feature Status
(Toggle)
Enables or disables the entries. The entries can be made but are not
affective until this field is set to ENABLED. The choices for this field
are:
ENABLED
DISABLED
Action
(Toggle)
Used to add or delete an entry (Priority) and its protocol. This field
toggles between [ADD/MODIFY] and [DELETE].
ADD/MODIFY– adds the new Priority and Protocol Type entries (for
example, Priority [0] and Protocol Type [Banyan Vines]).
DELETE – deletes an existing entry with the associated priority (for
example, Priority [0] and Protocol Type [Banyan Vines]).
3-26
VLAN Configuration
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen
Table 3-6
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen Field Definitions (Continued)
Use this field …
To …
Ether type
(Modifiable)
Enter the values of a new Ether type when CUSTOM is selected in
the Protocol Type field.The value 0x0 will display, which can be
modified. A protocol may have more that one Ether Type. Any Ether
Type greater than 05dc (hex) and less than ffff (hex) may be entered.þ
The maximum number of Ether Types configured per switch is 32. If
an attempt is made to enter more that 32, an error message, “ETHER
TYPE TABLE FULL” displays.
To enter values of a particular Ether Type, refer to Section 3.8.2.
3.8.1
Displaying the Current Protocol, VLAN ID, and
Port Assignments
In some instances it may be desirable to see which VLAN IDs and the associated ports that are
currently assigned to a particular protocol. To display this information, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Protocol field at the bottom of the screen.
2. Press the SPACE bar to step to the appropriate protocol.
3. Press ENTER. The screen displays all VLAN IDs and associated ports currently assigned to the
selected protocol.
4. If there is more information than the screen can display, use the NEXT and PREVIOUS
command at the bottom of the screen to display the information.
3.8.2
Assigning a Protocol Family to a VLAN ID
To assign all Ether Types associated with a Protocol Family to a
VLAN ID, proceed as follows:
NOTE: The list of Ether Type configurations is searched prior to the list of “Protocol
Family” configurations when a frame is received on a switch.þ This means that if Ether
Type of 0x0800 is configured on port 10 with VID of 5 and IP is configured on port 10
with VID of 6, the incoming frame will receive the VID 5 as Ether Types have priority over
“Protocol Family”.
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field at the bottom of the screen.
VLAN Configuration
3-27
Protocol VLAN Configuration Screen
2. Enter the VLAN ID. If a new VLAN ID is entered that has not been created on the switch, use
a unique number between 2 and 4094. The VLAN IDs of 0, 1, and 4095 may not be used for
user-defined VLANs.
A FID will automatically be assigned to the new VLAN ID. The FID assigned will have the
same value.
If an illegal number is entered, the Event Message Line will display: ”PERMISSIBLE RANGE
FOR VLAN IDS: 2 to 4094” and the field will refresh with the previous value.
NOTE: Each VLAN ID must be unique. If a duplicate VLAN ID is entered, the switch
assumes that the Administrator intends to modify the existing VLAN.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Protocol field at the bottom of the screen.
4. Use the SPACE bar to step to the appropriate protocol type; IP, IPX, Appletalk, Netbios,
Banyan Vines, DECNET, or CUSTOM. If CUSTOM is selected, Ether Type 0x0 displays. The
user’s own Ether Type can then be entered if necessary.
NOTE: Any Ether Type entered in the Ether Type field and saved will become part of the
selection in the Protocol field.
TIP: To see if there are VLANs currently assigned to the Protocol displayed in the
Protocol field, press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Configure Ports field near the bottom of the screen.
6. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to apply the VLAN ID and Protocol Type entries to
either ALL PORTS or NO PORTS.
7. If CUSTOM was selected in the Protocol Type field, use the arrow keys to highlight the Ether
type field. Otherwise, go to step 9.
8. Enter your particular protocol type in the Ether type field.
9. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Action field.
10. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to either ADD/MODIFY or DELETE the settings
selected in the VLAN ID and Protocol Type fields.
3-28
VLAN Configuration
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen
11. Press ENTER and the new settings are displayed under the VLAN ID, Protocol Type, and
Configured Ports values.
12. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
13. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays and the settings are saved. A particular line
of data displayed may now be highlighted to display the Protocol Ports Configuration screen,
as described in Section 3.8.3, to view, add, or delete ports from the priority in the highlighted
line.
3.8.3
Displaying the Protocol Types on Current Ports
To display the current ports and port types associated with a VLAN ID, the Protocol Ports
Configuration screen must be displayed. While in that screen, ports and their port type may be
added to, or current ones deleted from, the VLAN ID. To access the Protocol Ports Configuration
screen, proceed as follows:
1. Highlight the line of information containing the VLAN ID of interest to display the current
ports and port types associated with that VLAN ID. The entries in the line of information must
have been saved before you can select it to display the Protocol Ports Configuration screen.
2. Press ENTER. The Protocol Ports Configuration screen displays, showing all current ports and
port types associated with that VLAN ID. For more information about the Protocol Ports
Configuration screen and how to use it, refer to Section 3.9.
3.9
PROTOCOL PORTS CONFIGURATION SCREEN
When to Use
To display the current ports and port types associated with a VLAN and protocol selected in the
Protocol VLAN Configuration screen described in Section 3.8.
NOTE: The line of information selected must have been saved before it can be used to
access the Protocol Ports Configuration screen as described below.
How to Access
Use the arrow keys to highlight a line of information under the VLAN ID/Protocol
Type/Configured Ports BitMap columns in the Protocol Priority Configuration screen and press
ENTER. The Protocol Ports Configuration screen displays.
VLAN Configuration
3-29
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen
Screen Example
Figure 3-10
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Protocol Ports Configuration
Firmware Revision:
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Slot Number: xx
Current Protocol Ports
Port Type
15
30
VLAN ID : 1
Protocol: 0X800
Port: [ 31]
ATM PVC VCI-1 VPI-23
SAVE
XX.XX.XX
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
PREVIOUS
Ethernet
ATM PVC VCI-1 VPI-23
[ DELETE ALL PORTS ]
NEXT
EXIT
RETURN
2599_24
Field Definitions
Table 3-7
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen Field Definitions
Use this field …
To …
Current Protocol Ports
(Read-Only)
Display the current ports associated with the VLAN ID.
Port Type (Read-Only)
Display the Port Type associated with the port in the Current Ports
column.
VLAN ID
(Read-Only)
Display the VLAN ID that is in the line of information highlighted in
the Protocol VLAN Configuration screen.
Protocol (Read-Only)
Display the protocol in the line of information highlighted in the
Protocol VLAN Configuration screen.
3-30
VLAN Configuration
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen
Table 3-7
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen Field Definitions (Continued)
Use this field …
To …
Port
(Selectable)þ
Step through the ports to select a port to add of deleted from the
VLAN ID shown in the VLAN ID field. When a port is displayed the
associated port type is displayed to the right of the port number. In
Figure 3-10, the port is 31 and the associated port type is, ATM PVC
VCI-1 VPI-23.
DELETE ALL
PORTS (Selectable)
Add or delete a port selected in the Port field of the VLAN ID
displayed, or add all ports to, or deleted all ports that are configurable
on the device. All ports includes, all physical and virtual ports such as
ATM ports if supported. In Figure 3-10, the priority is “0”. The
selections are as follows:
ADD PORT – adds the port selected in the Port field.
ADD ALL PORTS – adds ALL PORTS that are configurable to the
VLAN ID shown in the VLAN ID field.
DELETE PORT – deletes the port selected in the Port field.
DELETE ALL PORTS – deletes ALL PORTS that are configurable
from the VLAN ID shown in the VLAN ID field.
3.9.1
Adding/Deleting Ports Associated with a VLAN ID
To add or delete ports from a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field.
2. Press the SPACE bar to step to the appropriate port number. The associated protocol is
displayed for that port.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the DELETE ALL PORTS field.
4. Press the SPACE bar to step to the appropriate selection to ADD PORT, ADD ALL PORTS,
DELETE PORT, or DELETE ALL PORTS from the VLAN ID shown in the VLAN ID field.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
6. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays and the settings are saved.
VLAN Configuration
3-31
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
3.10 QUICK VLAN WALKTHROUGH
The procedures below provide a short tutorial walkthrough that presents each of the steps
necessary to configure a new VLAN, assign a port to it, and check the Port VLAN List of the port.
You may wish to follow this walkthrough from start to finish before attempting to configure your
own VLANs.
This walkthrough begins at the 802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen for a 6C105 chassis.
Follow the instructions in your device user’s guide to navigate to this Local Management screen.
NOTE: The screens displayed by your devices may be marginally different from those
shown in the illustrations for this walkthrough.
1. On the 802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the
DEVICE VLAN CONFIGURATION menu item. Press ENTER. The Device VLAN
Configuration screen displays.
2. In this walkthrough, we will not change the setting of the Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports
fields from their default setting of NO.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Assign a number to a new VLAN by typing
the number “2” in the VLAN ID field.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the FID field. In this example we will assign the new VLAN to
FID 2 by typing the number “2” in the FID field.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Name field. Type “TEST VLAN” in the VLAN
Name field. Press ENTER.
6. Use the arrow keys to highlight the ADD/DEL field.
7. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to ADD. Press ENTER. The VLAN is added to the list.
8. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
The message “SAVED OK” displays. The screen refreshes and VLAN 2, the TEST VLAN has
been added to the Device VLAN Configuration screen and all learning of MAC addresses will
be updated in FID 2. The screen should now look like Figure 3-11.
NOTE: This new VLAN is currently disabled, as the DISABLED field to the far right
shows. When all the rules and settings for the VLAN are in place, it will be necessary to
return to this screen and enable the VLAN.
3-32
VLAN Configuration
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
Figure 3-11
Walkthrough Stage One
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Device/VLAN Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Firmware Revision:
Slot Number: xx
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
XX.XX.XX
Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports: [NO]
VLAN ID
2
FID
1
2
VLAN ID: 1
FID: 2
1
Admin Status
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
TEST VLAN
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
VLAN Name: TEST VLAN
SAVE
[ADD]
EXIT
RETURN
25993-09
It is now time to assign a port to this new VLAN.
9. Use the arrow keys to highlight the RETURN command at the bottom of the screen. Press
ENTER. The 802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen displays. Use the arrow keys to select
the PORT ASSIGNMENT CONFIGURATION menu item and press ENTER. The Port
Assignment Configuration screen displays.
NOTE: For the purposes of this walkthrough, port 3 will be configured.
10. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field for the module and port combination you
wish to change.
NOTE: As this port will connect to a single workstation, and is not to be used for
switch-to-switch communications, it is not necessary to change the PORT MODE from
the default setting of HYBRID.
VLAN Configuration
3-33
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
11. Use the SPACE bar to step sequentially through the previously configured VLAN ID numbers.
When the number 0002 (the new VLAN ID) is displayed, the FID field updates to 0002, and
the VLAN Name field updates showing the name assigned to this VLAN, TEST VLAN.
12. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
The PVID for Port 3 is now configured to the TEST VLAN. The TEST VLAN is also added to
the Port VLAN List for Port 3 with a frame format of Untagged. The screen should now look
like Figure 3-12.
Figure 3-12
Walkthrough Stage Two
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Port Assignment Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Slot Number: xx
Firmware Revision:
XX.XX.XX
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
Port
Port Mode
VLAN ID
FID
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
[1D TRUNK]
[1Q TRUNK]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[0001]
[0001]
[0002]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
0001
0001
0002
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
SAVE
PREVIOUS
VLAN Name
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
TEST VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
Default VLAN
NEXT
EXIT
RETURN
25992-10
Now that port 3 belongs to the TEST VLAN, we will designate one port as a 1Q Trunk port for a
connection to another VLAN aware switch. This 1Q Trunk port will carry traffic from all VLANs,
allowing VLAN frames to maintain their VLAN ID across multiple switches.
NOTE: For the purposes of this walkthrough, port 10 will be configured as the trunk
port.
3-34
VLAN Configuration
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
13. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port Mode field for port 10. Use the SPACE bar or
BACKSPACE key to step sequentially through the possible settings of the port until 1Q
TRUNK is displayed.
14. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen. Press ENTER.
Port 10 is now acting as a 1Q Trunk port and every VLAN is in its Port VLAN List. The frame
format for every VLAN is also set to tagged. The screen should now look like Figure 3-13.
Figure 3-13
Walkthrough Stage Three
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Port Assignment Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Slot Number: xx
Firmware Revision:
XX.XX.XX
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
Port
Port Mode
VLAN ID
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[1Q TRUNK]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[0001]
[0001]
[0002]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
SAVE
PREVIOUS
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
TEST VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
NEXT
EXIT
RETURN
25991-11
Now that the TEST VLAN and the 1Q Trunk connection are set up, we can proceed to activate the
TEST VLAN.
15. On the 802.1Q VLAN Main Menu screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the DEVICE VLAN
CONFIGURATION menu item. Press ENTER. The Device VLAN Configuration screen,
Figure 3-14, displays.
VLAN Configuration
3-35
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
Figure 3-14
Walkthrough Stage Four
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Device/VLAN Configuration
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Firmware Revision:
Slot Number: xx
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
XX.XX.XX
Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports: [NO]
VLAN ID
2
FID
1
2
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
TEST VLAN
VLAN ID: 1
FID: 2
VLAN Name: DEFAULT VLAN
1
SAVE
Admin Status
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[ADD]
EXIT
RETURN
25993-12
16. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Admin Status field of VLAN ID 2, the TEST VLAN.
17. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display Enabled.
18. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
19. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays. The switch activates the new VLAN.
This effectively completes the configuration of a single VLAN, assigning it to a port, and
configuring the switch to forward the frames received on that port to be forwarded with the VLAN
information included in the frame.
The Port VLAN List of any port on the device can also be checked at any time using the Port
Filtering Configuration screen. A list of all ports eligible to transmit frames for a given VLAN will
also be listed on the VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen. Each port can also be set to filter out
(drop) incoming frames that have VLAN tags that do not match with any of those in its Port
VLAN List, and also filter out all untagged frames received by the port. As a default neither
function is activated.
In this walkthrough, we will show how to display the Port VLAN List of port 10 and set the port to
filter out all untagged frames that it receives.
3-36
VLAN Configuration
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
20. On the 802.1Q VLAN Main Menu screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the PORT
FILTERING CONFIGURATION menu item. Press ENTER. The Port Filtering
Configuration screen displays.
21. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field.
22. Press the SPACE bar to step the field to display 2.
23. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Filter All Untagged Frames field.
24. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display YES.
25. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
26. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays. The Port Filtering Configuration screen
displays the Port VLAN List for port 2 and the Filtering All Untagged Names field is set to YES
as shown in Figure 3-15.
Figure 3-15
Final Walkthrough Stage
6C105 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Port Filtering Configuration
Firmware Revision:
XX.XX.XX
BOOTPROM Revision: XX.XX.XX
Module Type: xxxxx-xx
Slot Number: xx
Port VLAN List
VLAN ID
0001
0001
Port : [10]
SAVE
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
1Q TRUNK
Filter Using VLAN Lists: [NO]
Filter All Untagged Frames: [YES]
PREVIOUS
NEXT
EXIT
RETURN
25992-20
This effectively completes the displaying of the Port VLAN List and the setting of the port filtering
of all untagged frames.
VLAN Configuration
3-37
4
Examples
This chapter provides examples of how VLAN aware SmartSwitches can be configured to group
users at the port level to create VLANs in existing networks. Each example presents a problem and
shows how it is solved by configuring the switches using the VLAN Local Management screens.
The actual procedures and screens used to configure a VLAN aware switch are covered in
Chapter 3, VLAN Configuration. Also provided in the discussion of each example is a
description of how the frames transmitted from one user would traverse the network to its target
device.
4.1
EXAMPLE 1, SINGLE SWITCH OPERATION
This first example looks at the configuration of a single Ethernet switch for VLAN operation. In
this example, two groups of three users are to be assigned to two VLANs to isolate them from one
another. The blue users (B1, B2, B3) are to be kept completely separate from the red users (R1, R2,
R3). Figure 4-1 shows the initial state of the switch.
Figure 4-1
Example 1, Single Switch Operation
R1
802.1Q Switch
1
4
R2
2
5
B2
R3
3
6
B1
B3
2263_11
Examples
4-1
Example 1, Single Switch Operation
4.1.1
Solving the Problem
To set up this switch, users will be assigned to two new VLANs, red stations to the Red VLAN,
and blue stations to the Blue VLAN. The information below describes how the switch is
configured to create these two VLANs and how users are assigned to them.
1. First, the switch is set for 802.1Q operation. Since traffic isolation is to be based on VLAN
membership alone, the switch is set so the Red VLAN is a member of FID 2 and the Blue VLAN
is a member of FID 3 from the Device/VLAN Configuration screen.
2. The Administrator uses the Device/VLAN Configuration screen to define the two VLANs for
this switch; the Red VLAN, with a VLAN ID of 002, and the Blue VLAN, with a VLAN ID of
003.
3. The Administrator brings up the Port Assignment Configuration screen and assigns the ports to
the VLANs.
• Ports 1, 2, and 3: VLAN ID 002 (Red VLAN)
• Ports 4, 5, and 6: VLAN ID 003 (Blue VLAN)
4. Now that the ports have been assigned, the VLANs are enabled from the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen.
Figure 4-2
Switch Configured for VLANs
R1
802.1Q Switch
1
VLAN ID 002
R2
2
VLAN ID 002
R2
3
VLAN ID 002
4
B3
VLAN ID 003
5
B2
VLAN ID 003
6
B1
VLAN ID 003
2263_12
The switch will now classify each frame received as belonging to either the Red or Blue VLANs.
Traffic from one VLAN will not be forwarded to the members of the other VLAN, and all frames
transmitted by the switch will be normal, untagged Ethernet frames.
4-2
Examples
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches
4.1.2
Frame Handling
This section describes the operations of the switch when two frames are received. The first frame
is a broadcast sent by station R1.
1. Station R1 transmits the broadcast frame. The switch receives this frame on Port 1. As the frame
is received, the switch classifies it. The frame is untagged, so the switch classifies it as belonging
to the VLAN that Port 1 is assigned to, the Red VLAN.
2. At the same time, the switch adds the source MAC address of the frame and the VLAN
associated with port 1 to its Source Address Table in FID 2. In this fashion it learns that station
R1 is located out Port 1.
3. Once the frame is classified, its destination MAC address is examined. The switch discovers that
the frame is a broadcast, and treats it as it would any other unknown destination MAC address.
The switch forwards the frame out all ports in the Red VLAN’s Forwarding List except for the
one that received the frame. In this case, the frame is sent to Ports 2 and 3.
The second frame is a unicast, where station R2 responds to station R1’s broadcast.
4. Station R2, having received and recognized the broadcast from R1, transmits a unicast frame as
a response. The switch receives this frame on Port 2. The switch classifies this new untagged
frame as belonging to the Red VLAN.
5. The switch adds the source MAC address and VLAN for station R2 to its Source Address Table
in FID 2, and checks the Source Address Table for the destination MAC address given in the
frame. The switch finds the MAC address and VLAN in this table, and recognizes that the MAC
address and VLAN match for R1 is located out Port 1.
6. The switch examines its VLAN configuration information and determines that the frame for Red
VLAN is allowed to be forwarded out Port 1 and that it must be sent in an untagged format.
7. The switch forwards the frame out Port 1. Any other unicast transmissions between stations R1
and R2 will be handled identically.
4.2
EXAMPLE 2, VLANs ACROSS MULTIPLE SWITCHES
This second example investigates the steps that must be taken to set up VLANs across multiple
802.1Q VLAN switches. This includes the configuration and operation of 1Q Trunks between
802.1Q VLAN switches.
As shown in Figure 4-3, two companies, “Redco” and “Blue Industries”, share floors 2 and 4 in a
building where the network infrastructure is supplied by the building owner. The objective is to
completely isolate the network traffic of the two companies by limiting the user’s traffic through
the ports of two switches, thus maintaining security and shielding the network traffic from each
company. This example will show the use and configuration of a 1Q Trunk connection and the
creation of VLANs across multiple switches.
Examples
4-3
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches
Figure 4-3
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches
Redco
Blue Industries
User A
2
Bridge 1
Red VLAN
1
4
Bridge 2
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
Floor 3
Redco
Blue Industries
File Server
2
Bridge 3
Blue VLAN
1
2
Bridge 4
File Server
3
Red VLAN
Floor 2
Floor 1
User
802.1D Legacy Bridge
802.1Q VLAN Aware Switch
File Server
22632_13
4.2.1
Solving the Problem
To solve the problem in this example, the users are assigned to VLANs using Switch 4 and Switch
2 as shown in Figure 4-3. Redco users are assigned to the Red VLAN and Blue Industries users to
the Blue VLAN. The following information shows how Switch 4 and Switch 2 are configured to
create the two VLANs to isolate the users of the two companies from one another on the network
using the existing infrastructure.
4-4
Examples
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches
Switch 4
Switch 4 is set as follows:
1. Two VLANs are added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN Configuration screen and
assigned to a FID. In this example they are as follows:
• VLAN ID 2, FID 2, with a VLAN Name of Red
• VLAN ID 3, FID 3, with a VLAN Name of Blue
Because the VLANs are assigned to two separate FIDs, the users on VLAN ID 2 and VLAN ID
3 cannot communicate with each other.
2. Ports 1 and 3 are assigned to the Port VLAN ID (PVID) as follows using the Port Assignment
Configuration screen:
• Port 1, VLAN ID: 2 for the Red VLAN
• Port 3, VLAN ID: 3 for the Blue VLAN
This causes the switch to classify all untagged frames received as belonging to the VLAN
specified by each port PVID and to replace the previous PVID information in the port VLAN
List with the new PVID information. This makes Port 1 part of the Red VLAN, Port 3 part of
the Blue VLAN, and both are set as VLAN frame format of untagged.
3. Port 4 is configured as a 1Q Trunk port as follows using the Port Assignment Configuration
screen:
• Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
Port 4 is set as an 802.1Q Trunk port, which makes the port eligible to transmit to all VLANs,
and all frames forwarded out this port are forwarded as tagged frames. By default there is no
PVID associated with the trunk port and the port remains as a member of the Default VLAN.
With the original classification information inserted in the frame Tag Header, the receiving
switch will maintain the original frame classification.
Switch 2
Switch 2 is set as follows:
1. Two VLANs are added to the list of VLANs using the Device/VLAN Configuration screen and
assigned to a FID. In this example they are as follows:
• VLAN ID 2, FID 2, with a VLAN Name of Red
• VLAN ID 3, FID 3, with a VLAN Name of Blue
Examples
4-5
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches
2. A Port VLAN ID is assigned to each port (1 and 3) as follows using the Port Assignment screen:
• Port 1, VLAN ID: 223 for the Blue VLAN
• Port 3, VLAN ID: 222 for the Red VLAN
These settings change the configuration of the switch, so that Port 1 is part of Blue VLAN, Port
3 is part of Red VLAN, and both are set as frame type of untagged.
3. Port 2 is configured as a 1Q Trunk port as follows using the Port Assignment Configuration
screen:
• Port 2, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
Port 2 is set as an 802.1Q Trunk port, which makes its Port VLAN List contain all VLANs and
sets all frames forwarded out this port as tagged frames. This completes the transmission path
between Switch 4 and Switch 2.
4.2.2
Frame Handling
The following describes how, when User A attempts to log on to the File Server on Bridge 4, the
frames from User A are classified on Switch 4 and traverse the network. In this example, the MAC
address of User A is “Y” and the MAC address for the File Server is “Z”. The following
description includes illustrations to help understand how the frames flow through the network.
1. User A sends a frame with a Broadcast Destination Address in an attempt to locate the File
Server. The frame is received on User A’s port of Bridge 1 and, because the frame is a broadcast
frame, it is transmitted out all ports of Bridge 1 as shown in Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4
Bridge 1 Broadcasts Frames
Redco
Blue Industries
User A
2
Bridge 1
1
Red VLAN
4
3
Bridge 2
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
2263_14
4-6
Examples
Example 2, VLANs Across Multiple Switches
2. Switch 4 receives the frame from Bridge 1 and immediately classifies it as belonging to the Red
VLAN. After the frame is classified, Switch 4 checks the Destination Address and, upon
discovering that it is a Broadcast Destination Address, forwards the frame out all ports in the
Red VLAN Forwarding List excluding Port 1, which received the frame. In this example, it is
only Port 4.
Switch 4 updates its Source Address Table in FID 2 if it didn’t already have a dynamic entry for
MAC address “Y” in FID 2. Because Switch 4 received the frame on Port 1, it does not forward
the frame out that port, but does forward the frame to Port 4.
The frame is transmitted to Switch 2 with a VLAN Tag Header inserted in the frame. The VLAN
Tag Header indicates that the frame is classified as belonging to the Red VLAN. Figure 4-5
shows the path taken to this point to reach Switch 2.
The VLAN Tag Header is inserted because Switch 4, Port 4 is designated as an 802.1Q Trunk
port. In this case, the Port Mode setting for Port 4 is 802.1Q Trunk and the VLAN Frame format
for that VLAN is tagged.
Figure 4-5
Transmitting to Switch 4
Redco
Blue Industries
2
User A
Bridge 1
1
4
Red VLAN
Bridge 2
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
Floor 3
Redco
Blue Industries
2
Bridge 3
Blue VLAN
1
Bridge 4
2
File Server
3
Red VLAN
Floor 2
22631_15
Examples
4-7
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
3. When Switch 2 receives the tagged frame on its Port 2, it checks the frame’s VLAN Tag Header
and determines that the frame is classified as belonging to the Red VLAN, and that the frame is
a broadcast frame. Switch 2 forwards the frame to all ports in the Red VLAN Forwarding List
excluding Port 2, which received the frame. In this example, the only eligible port is Port 3,
which connects to Bridge 4. Switch 2 checks its Forwarding List, which specifies that the VLAN
frame type for that port is untagged. Switch 2 then updates its Source Address Table in FID 3
for MAC address “Y” if necessary. The untagged frame is then transmitted out Port 3 to
Bridge 4. Bridge 4 forwards the frame out all its ports because it is a broadcast frame, and the
server receives it as shown in Figure 4-6.
Figure 4-6
Transmitting to Bridge 4
Floor 3
Redco
Blue Industries
2
Bridge 3
Blue VLAN
1
2
3
Bridge 4
File Server
Red VLAN
Floor 2
2263_16
4. The File Server responds with a unicast frame to User A. All switches between the File Server
and User A have an entry in their respective Source Address Tables identifying which port to
use for forwarding the frame to User A, MAC address “Y” in FID 3. All switches update their
Source Address Tables for the File Server’s MAC address “Z” as the frame is forwarded through
the switch fabric to User A. The 802.1D switches update their Source Address Tables based on
the source MAC address and receive port and the 802.1Q switches update their databases based
on the source MAC address, VLAN, and receive port.
5. The frame from the File Server is received on Switch 2, and forwarded to Switch 1 as a tagged
frame classified as belonging to the Red VLAN. Switch 1 removes the tag and forwards the
frame to Bridge 1, which in turn forwards the frame out of the port attached to User A. All
subsequent frames between User A and the File Server are forwarded through the switch fabric
in the same manner.
4.3
EXAMPLE 3, 1D TRUNK CONNECTION TO 802.1Q VLAN
NETWORK
This example illustrates the use of a 1D Trunk to connect a device to a network of 802.1Q VLAN
switches.
4-8
Examples
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
In this example, a merger has taken place between the companies in the previous example, Redco
and Blue Industries. The two companies have become divisions within a single corporation, Green
Incorporated.
As illustrated in Figure 4-7, a third group of stations, the Green Incorporated staff, is added to the
facility. Also, the Green Incorporated Network Administrators want to add a Mail Server to the
network on the first floor.
Figure 4-7
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
User B
2
Bridge 1
Red VLAN
1
4
Bridge 2
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
Floor 3
2
Bridge 3
1
Blue VLAN
2
Bridge 4
File Server
3
Red VLAN
4
Floor 2
Green Incorporated.
2
1
Green VLAN
1
Mail Server
3
Floor 1
User
802.1D Legacy Bridge
802.1Q VLAN-Aware Switch
Server
22631_17
Examples
4-9
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
The Green Incorporated Network Administrators want to continue to separate normal network
traffic between the Blue and Red VLANs, and create a new isolated VLAN for Green,
Incorporated users. All divisions in the facility are to have equal access to the Mail Server on the
first floor.
4.3.1
Solving the Problem
Much of the existing network configuration can remain as it was for Example 2, VLANs Across
Multiple Switches. However, the Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports must be set to YES on
Switch 4 and 2, and a new 1Q Trunk port must be activated and configured on Switch 2. There are
no other real changes to the network above the first floor.
Switch 4
Switch 4 is set as follows:
1. The Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports is set to YES using the Device/VLAN Configuration
screen. This adds the Default VLAN to the Port VLAN List of every switch port and all VLANs
become members of FID 1. This allows all traffic received from the mail server via Switch 2 and
Switch 1 to be received and classified to the Default VLAN of Switch 4.
Switch 2
Switch 2 is set as follows:
1. The Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports is set to YES using the Device/VLAN Configuration
screen. This adds the Default VLAN to the Port VLAN List of every switch port and all VLANs
become members of FID 1.
2. The port mode of Port 4 is set using the Port Assignment screen:
• Port 4, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
This causes Port 4 to be set as an additional 802.1Q Trunk port, which makes its Port VLAN List
contain all VLANs, and all frames forwarded out this port are forwarded as tagged frames.
Switch 1
Switch 1 needs to be added to the network backbone to handle traffic from the Green Incorporated
network and the mail server. To accomplish this Switch 1 is configured as follows:
1. One VLAN is added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN Configuration screen. In this
example, Switch 1 is set as follows:
• VLAN ID 4, FID 4, with a VLAN Name of Green
2. The Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports is set to YES using the Device/VLAN Configuration
screen. This adds the Default VLAN to the Port VLAN List of every switch port and all VLANs
become members of FID 1.
4-10
Examples
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
3. A Port VLAN ID is assigned to Port 1 using the Port Assignment screen, as follows:
• Port 1, VLAN ID: 224 for the Green VLAN
This setting changes the configuration of the switch, so that Port 1 is part of the Green VLAN
and is set to transmit a frame type of untagged.
4. The port mode of Ports 2 and 3 are set using the Port Assignment screen:
• Port 2, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
• Port 3, Port Mode: 1D Trunk
Port 2 is set as an 802.1Q Trunk port, which makes the port eligible to transmit frames of all
VLANs, and sets all frames forwarded out this port as tagged frames.
Port 3 is set as a 1D Trunk port, where frames classified as belonging to any VLAN are
forwarded untagged, and received frames are classified as belonging to the Default VLAN. This
allows the Mail Server to send/receive mail traffic to/from all VLAN users on the network
backbone,
4.3.2
Frame Handling
The following describes how, when User B attempts to contact the Mail Server on Switch 1, the
frames are classified on Switch 4 and traverse the network.
1. User B sends a broadcast frame in an attempt to contact the Mail Server. The frame enters Bridge
1 and, being a broadcast, is forwarded to all ports. Bridge 1 learns User B’s MAC address from
the Source Address field of the frame and adds it to its Source Address Table in FID 1.
2. Switch 4 receives the frame and classifies this new untagged frame as belonging to the Red
VLAN. Since the frame is a broadcast, it is forwarded to any ports that are classified as eligible
to receive Red VLAN frames. Switch 4 also updates its Source Address Table for FID 1,
identifying User B as being located out Port 1.
On Switch 4, the only port eligible to receive Red VLAN frames is Port 4, the 1Q Trunk. The
frame is forwarded out Port 4 with the Red VLAN Tag header being added, as shown in
Figure 4-8.
Examples
4-11
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
Figure 4-8
Bridge 1 Broadcasts Frames
User B
2
Bridge 1
Red VLAN
1
4
Bridge 2
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
2263_18
3. Switch 2 receives the tagged Red VLAN frame on Port 2, as shown in Figure 4-9. The VLAN
Tag in the frame is maintained, classifying the frame as belonging to the Red VLAN. The switch
forwards the broadcast frame out all the eligible ports, Ports 3 and 4. Switch 2 simultaneously
updates its Source Address Table for FID 1 to reflect the location of User B (Port 2).
The frame forwarded out Port 3 has its VLAN Tag stripped before transmission, and it is passed
to Bridge 4 as a normal broadcast frame. The frame that is transmitted out Port 4, the 1Q Trunk,
retains its VLAN tag.
Figure 4-9
Switch 2 Forwards to 1Q Trunk
Floor 3
2
Bridge 3
Blue VLAN
1
2
Bridge 4
File Server
3
Red VLAN
4
Floor 2
2263_19
4. When Switch 1 receives the tagged broadcast frame, it also examines the tag and classifies the
frame as belonging to the Red VLAN. This broadcast frame is then sent to all ports eligible to
receive Red VLAN frames. In this case only the 1D trunk, Port 3, is eligible, as it is considered
a member of all VLANs for forwarding purposes. The VLAN Tag is stripped from the frame and
the frame is transmitted out Port 3 as shown in Figure 4-10. The Source Address Table, FID 1
for Switch 1 is updated to contain User B.
4-12
Examples
Example 3, 1D Trunk Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network
Figure 4-10
Switch 1 Forwards to 1D Trunk
Floor 2
Green, Inc.
2
Green VLAN
1
1
Mail Server
3
4
Floor 1
2263_20
5. The Mail Server receives the broadcast frame and recognizes it. The Mail Server responds with
a unicast frame to User B. This frame crosses the 1D Trunk and is received by Switch 1. Switch
1 classifies the unicast frame as belonging to the Default VLAN (the only membership for the
1D Trunk port).
Switch 1 checks the Filtering Database for the MAC address of User B. User B’s MAC address
is located, and Port 2 is identified as User B’s location. The frame is then checked for eligibility
and frame format for Port 2. Since Port 2 is a 1Q Trunk port, it is eligible to transmit frames for
all VLANs. The frame is tagged and transmitted out Port 2.
The switch also recognizes the MAC address of User B in its Source Address Table, FID 1, and
updates that table to contain the MAC address and port combination of the Mail Server.
6. This tagged unicast frame is received by Switch 2. The frame is already tagged as belonging to
the Default VLAN, so no classification needs to be done. The switch recognizes User B’s MAC
address in its Source Address Table, FID 1, and updates that table to contain the Mail Server’s
MAC address and port combination.
The switch checks the Filtering Database for the MAC address of User B. User B’s MAC
address is located, and Port 2 is identified as the location of User B. The frame is checked for
eligibility and frame format for Port 2. Since Port 2 is a 1Q Trunk port, it is eligible to transmit
frames for all VLANs. The frame is tagged and transmitted out port 2.
7. Switch 4 receives the frame on its 1Q Trunk port, Port 4, and examines the frame’s Tag. The
frame maintains its Default VLAN classification. The switch also refers to its Source Address
Table, FID 1, to see if it can locate an entry for User B. User B is found to be located on Port 1.
The switch also updates its Source Address Table, FID 1, with the port and MAC address
combination for the Mail Server.
The switch examines the Filtering Database and locates the MAC address entry for User B and
Port 1. The frame is then checked for eligibility and frame format for Port 1. As Port 1 is
considered eligible to transmit to the Default VLAN, the frame is transmitted out Port 1 without
a VLAN Tag.
Examples
4-13
Example 4, Isolating Network Traffic According to Protocol
8. Bridge 1 receives the frame and recognizes User B’s MAC address. The frame is forwarded to
the correct port and the bridge’s Source Address Table is updated with an entry for the Mail
Server’s MAC address. User B receives the Mail Server’s response. Any further unicast traffic
between the Mail Server and User B will be handled in the same fashion by the switches in the
network.
4.4
EXAMPLE 4, ISOLATING NETWORK TRAFFIC ACCORDING TO
PROTOCOL
This final example illustrates how to restrict AppleTalk protocol traffic of a network to prevent
unwanted multicast frames from slowing down the whole network and yet be able to send and
receive frames associated with other protocols.
In this example, illustrated in Figure 4-7, the Publications Department is relocating from another
site to the third floor. This network will consist of six computers and a printer using several
protocols including the AppleTalk protocol. A characteristic of the AppleTalk protocol is to send
all frames as multicast frames. These multicast frames will be isolated to a VLAN (Grey VLAN)
to prevent them from slowing down the other networks.
A second VLAN (Yellow VLAN) will be established to handle traffic of other protocols. The
Publications Department users will have access to the mail server on the first floor along with the
Red, Blue, and Green VLANs.
4-14
Examples
Example 4, Isolating Network Traffic According to Protocol
Figure 4-11
Example 4, Isolating Traffic According to Protocol
User B
2
Bridge 1
Red VLAN
1
4
Bridge 2
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
Publications
2
2
1
3
3
1
Yellow VLAN
5
8
4
3
4
Grey VLAN
Printer
5
6
7
Floor 3
2
Bridge 3
1
Blue VLAN
2
Bridge 4
File Server
3
Red VLAN
4
Floor 2
Green, Inc.
2
1
Green VLAN
1
Mail Server
3
Floor 1
User
802.1D Legacy Bridge
802.1Q VLAN-Aware Switch
Server
2599_18
4.4.1
Solving the Problem
Much of the existing network configuration can remain as it was for Example 3, 1D Trunk
Connection to 802.1Q VLAN Network. However, Switch 3, Switch 5, and the devices that will
make up Publication’s Grey VLAN have been added.
Switch 5 will be configured to isolate all AppleTalk protocol frame traffic to the devices in the
Grey VLAN and all other protocol traffic to the Yellow VLAN. Switch 3 will link the traffic from
Switch 5 to the buildings network backbone.
Examples
4-15
Example 4, Isolating Network Traffic According to Protocol
Two 1Q Trunk ports must be activated and configured on Switch 3, and one 1Q Trunk port must be
activated and configured on Switch 4.
Ports 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 of Switch 5 are connected to the Publication Department devices. These
ports will be configured to classify all AppleTalk frames into the AppleTalk VLAN (Grey). The
same ports will also be configured to classify all other protocol frames into a second VLAN
(Yellow). Port 1 will be assigned to the Yellow VLAN to handle the traffic between Switch 3
and 5.
Switch 3
Switch 3 is set as follows:
1. One VLAN is added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN Configuration screen. In this
example, Switch 3 is set as follows:
• VLAN ID 5, FID 5, with a VLAN Name of Yellow
2. The Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports is set to YES using the Device/VLAN Configuration
screen. This adds the Default VLAN to the Port VLAN List of every switch port and all VLANs
become members of FID 1.
3. A Port VLAN ID is assigned to Port 3 using the Port Assignment screen, as follows:
• Port 3, VLAN ID: 5, FID 5
4. The port mode of Ports 2 and 4 are set using the Port Assignment screen:
• Port 2, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
• Port 4, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
Ports 2, and 4 are set as 802.1Q Trunk ports, which makes these ports eligible to transmit frames
of all VLANs, and sets all frames forwarded out these ports as tagged frames. This allows traffic
from Switch 4 to reach Switch 2 on the network backbone.
Switch 5
Switch 5 is set as follows:
1. Two VLANs are added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN Configuration screen. In this
example, it is set as follows:
• VLAN ID 5, FID 5, with a VLAN Name of Yellow
• VLAN ID 6, FID 6, with a VLAN Name of Grey
2. The Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports is set to YES using the Device/VLAN Configuration
screen. This adds the Default VLAN to the Port VLAN List of every switch port.
4-16
Examples
Example 4, Isolating Network Traffic According to Protocol
3. To allow all frames (except the AppleTalk frames, which will be prevented in steps 4 and 5)
from being transmitted out Port 1 to Switch 3 and the network backbone, Port VLAN IDs are
assigned to all switch ports using the Port Assignment screen, as follows:
• Port 1, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 2, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 3, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 4, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 5, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 6, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 7, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
• Port 8, VLAN ID: 5 for the Yellow VLAN
4. On the Protocol VLAN Configuration screen, the VLAN ID 6 of the Grey VLAN is assigned to
the AppleTalk protocol.
• VLAN ID 6, Protocol Type: AppleTalk, Status: ADD
This creates the protocol VLAN ID 6 that will handle only AppleTalk frames and enables ports
to be assigned the this VLAN.
5. The AppleTalk frames must now be restricted to Ports 2 through 8 of the Yellow VLAN. On the
Protocol Ports Configuration screen, All ports except Port 1 are assigned to the AppleTalk
protocol, as follows:
• Port 2, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
• Port 3, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
• Port 4, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
• Port 5, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
• Port 6, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
• Port 7, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
• Port 8, VLAN ID: 6, Protocol: AppleTalk
Any AppleTalk frame received on ports 2 through 8 will be broadcast to all other ports on Switch
5 associated with the AppleTalk protocol. For example, if Port 2 received a frame with the
AppleTalk protocol, Switch 5 would only transmit the frame to Ports 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8.
Examples
4-17
Example 4, Isolating Network Traffic According to Protocol
6. Use the VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen to assign Port 1 to the Yellow VLAN and set
the frame type to tagged. With this configuration, the frames transmitted on Port 1 are tagged as
being from the Yellow VLAN.
If a frame associated with any protocol other than AppleTalk (for example, for the mail server)
is received on any of the Ports 2 through 8, the frame would be part of the Yellow VLAN and
transmitted out Port 1 as a tagged frame to Switch 3 and handled in the same manner as
previously described in the previous examples to route the frame to the Mail Server on the first
floor.
Any unicast frames received via Port 1 that are destined for a device in the Yellow VLAN are
transmitted to the correct device. Any broadcast frames received via Port 1 are transmitted to all
the devices in the Yellow VLAN and handled in a similar manner as previously described in
Example 2.
4-18
Examples
Index
Numerics
1D Trunk 1-5, 3-16, 4-8
1Q Trunk 1-5, 3-15, 4-3
C
Chapters
organization vii
Configuration 2-2
Conventions viii
Forwarding list 1-4
adding entries 3-22
customizing 2-2
deleting entries 3-23
viewing 3-22
Forwarding mode
changing 3-13
Frame format
changing 3-23
Frames
tagged 1-4, 2-4
untagged 1-4, 2-4
D
Default VLAN 1-4
Device VLAN Configuration screen
ADD/DEL (Toggle) 3-10
Admin Status (Toggle) 3-9
FID - lower part of screen (Modifiable) 3-10
FID - upper part of screen (Read-Only) 3-9
VLAN ID - lower part of screen
(Modifiable) 3-10
VLAN ID - upper part of screen (ReadOnly) 3-9
VLAN Name - lower part of screen
(Modifiable) 3-10
VLAN Out All Ports (Toggle) 3-9
E
H
Host data port 3-2, 3-3
Hybrid 3-15
I
Isolating Network Traffic According to
Protocol 4-14
L
Lists
Forwarding 1-4
Port VLAN 1-5
Local management. See managing the switch
Examples 4-1
M
F
Managing the switch 3-1
when configured with VLANs 3-2
when not configured with VLANs 3-1
FID. See Filtering Database ID
Filtering Database 1-5
Filtering Database ID 1-4
Index-1
N
Configured Ports 3-25
Configured Ports BitMap - upper part of screen
(Selectable) 3-25
Ether type (Modifiable) 3-27
Feature Status 3-26
Ports - upper part of screen (Read-Only) 3-25
Protocol Type (Selectable) 3-26
VLAN ID - (Modifiable) 3-25
VLAN ID - upper part of screen (ReadOnly) 3-25
Network Traffic
isolating 4-14
O
Organization of chapters vii
Other manuals viii
P
Port Assignment Configuration screen
FID (Read-Only) 3-15
Port Mode (Selectable) 3-15
VLAN ID (Selectable) 3-15
VLAN Name (Read-Only) 3-15
Port Filtering Configuration screen
Filter All Untagged Frames (Toggle) 3-19
Filter Using VLAN Lists (Toggle) 3-19
Port # (Selectable) 3-18
VLAN ID (Read-Only) 3-18
VLAN Name (Read-Only) 3-18
Port mode
1D Trunk 3-16
1Q Trunk 3-15
changing 3-15
Hybrid 3-15
Port VLAN list 1-5
Protocol
isolating network according to 4-14
Protocol Ports Configuration Screen
Current Ports - upper part of screen (ReadOnly) 3-30
DELETE ALL PORTS (Selectable) 3-31
Port
(Selectable)þ 3-31
Port Type - upper part of screen (ReadOnly) 3-30
Priority (Read-Only) 3-30
Protocol (Read-Only) 3-30
Protocol VLAN Configuration screen 3-24
Action (Toggle) 3-26
Index-2
R
Related Documents viii
Remote management. See managing the switch
S
Screens
802.1Q VLAN Configuration Menu screen 3-5
Device VLAN Configuration screen 3-7
Port Assignment Configuration screen 3-14
Port Filtering Configuration screen 3-17
Protocol VLAN Configuration screen 3-24
VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen 3-20
Station 2-1
Switch 2-1
T
Tag 1-4
Tag Header 1-4
Tagged frame 1-4, 2-4
U
Untagged frame 1-4, 2-4
V
VLAN
assigning ports 2-2
components 2-1
configuration 2-2
default VLAN 1-4
defining 2-2
definition 1-1 to 1-3
operation 2-3
terms 1-4
types 1-2
VLAN Configuration
deleting 3-12
disabling 3-12
enabling 3-12
VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen
ADD/DELETE (Toggle) 3-22
Current VLAN Ports (Read-Only) 3-21
Frame Format - upper part of screen (ReadOnly) 3-21
Frame Type- lower part of screen (Toggle) 3-22
Port (Selectable) 3-22
Port Type (Read-Only) 3-21
VLAN ID (Selectable) 3-21
VLAN Name (Read-Only) 3-22
VLAN ID 1-4
assigning 3-16
VLAN Local Management 3-4
VLAN name 1-4
Index-3
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