Wacker Neuson RD 27-100 Operator`s manual

www.wackergroup.com
0160489en
1106
Roller
RD 27-100
RD 27-120
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
0
1
6
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003
RD 27
Table of Contents
1.
Foreword
3
2.
Safety Information
4
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
3.
Technical Data
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
4.
Operating Safety .................................................................................. 5
Operator Safety while using Internal Combustion Engines .................. 7
Service Safety ...................................................................................... 8
Label Locations .................................................................................. 10
Warning & Informational Labels ......................................................... 11
16
Engine ................................................................................................ 16
Roller .................................................................................................. 17
Lubrication .......................................................................................... 17
Sound Measurements ........................................................................ 18
Measurements of Operator Exposure to Vibration ............................. 18
Dimensions ......................................................................................... 19
Operation
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
4.16
4.17
4.18
20
Application .......................................................................................... 20
Operation and Service Locations ....................................................... 20
Roll Over Protection Structure (ROPS) .............................................. 22
Rotating Beacon (if equipped) ............................................................ 24
Backup Alarm ..................................................................................... 24
Lighting Equipment (if equipped) ........................................................ 25
Seat Belt ............................................................................................. 26
Seat Adjustment ................................................................................. 27
Scraper Adjustment ............................................................................ 28
Anti-Vandalism Protection and Machine Access ................................ 29
Water Spray System .......................................................................... 30
Transmission ...................................................................................... 31
Exciter System ................................................................................... 32
Braking System .................................................................................. 33
Throttle Lever ..................................................................................... 34
Ignition Key Switch ............................................................................. 34
Turn Signal Indicator (if equipped) ..................................................... 35
Panel Indicator Lights ......................................................................... 36
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1
Table of Contents
4.19
4.20
4.21
4.22
4.23
5.
RD 27
Locking/Unlocking Articulated Steering Joint ......................................37
Operating on Slopes ............................................................................38
Preliminary Checks .............................................................................39
Starting the Engine ..............................................................................40
Stopping the Engine ............................................................................42
Maintenance
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17
5.18
5.19
5.20
5.21
5.22
5.23
5.24
5.25
5.26
5.27
5.28
5.29
5.30
43
Maintenance Schedule ........................................................................43
Recommended Products and Amounts ...............................................44
Oil/Temperature Table ........................................................................45
Battery .................................................................................................46
Inspecting the ROPS ...........................................................................48
Lifting the Machine ..............................................................................49
Tying Down the Machine .....................................................................50
Engine Oil ............................................................................................51
Testing Backup Alarm .........................................................................53
Engine Air Filter ...................................................................................54
Fuel System Water Separator .............................................................56
Hydraulic Oil ........................................................................................58
Engine Cooling System .......................................................................60
Cleaning Radiator Core .......................................................................61
Sprinkler Efficiency ..............................................................................62
Inspecting and Adjusting Belts ............................................................64
Fuses ...................................................................................................66
Shockmounts .......................................................................................67
Scraper Wear ......................................................................................68
Lubricating Articulated Steering Joint ..................................................69
Lubricating Steering Cylinder ..............................................................70
Lubricating Throttle Control .................................................................71
General Cleaning ................................................................................72
Cleaning the Fuel Tank .......................................................................73
Towing .................................................................................................74
Manually Releasing Parking Brakes ....................................................77
Exhaust System and Engine Air Intake System ..................................78
Storage ................................................................................................78
Electrical Schematics ..........................................................................79
Hydraulic Schematic ............................................................................82
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2
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning:
Diesel engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California
WARNING
to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
1.
Foreword
This manual provides information and procedures to safely operate
and maintain this Wacker model. For your own safety and protection
from injury, carefully read, understand and observe the safety
instructions described in this manual.
Keep this manual or a copy of it with the machine. If you lose this
manual or need an additional copy, please contact Wacker
Corporation. This machine is built with user safety in mind; however,
it can present hazards if improperly operated and serviced. Follow
operating instructions carefully! If you have questions about operating
or servicing this equipment, please contact Wacker Corporation.
The information contained in this manual was based on machines in
production at the time of publication. Wacker Corporation reserves the
right to change any portion of this information without notice.
All rights, especially copying and distribution rights, are reserved.
Copyright 2006 by Wacker Corporation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without
express written permission from Wacker Corporation.
Any type of reproduction or distribution not authorized by Wacker
Corporation represents an infringement of valid copyrights and will be
prosecuted. We expressly reserve the right to make technical
modifications, even without due notice, which aim at improving our
machines or their safety standards.
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3
Safety Information
RD 27
2.Safety Information
This manual contains DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION, and NOTE
callouts which must be followed to reduce the possibility of personal
injury, damage to the equipment, or improper service.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential
personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this
symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
DANGER
WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could
result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION: Used without the safety alert symbol, CAUTION indicates
a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
property damage.
Note: Contains additional information important to a procedure.
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4
RD 27
2.1
Safety Information
Operating Safety
WARNING
wc_si000147gb.fm
Familiarity and proper training are required for the safe operation of
equipment. Equipment operated improperly or by untrained personnel
can be dangerous. Read the operating instructions contained in both
this manual and the engine manual and familiarize yourself with the
location and proper use of all controls. Inexperienced operators should
receive instruction from someone familiar with the equipment before
being allowed to operate the machine.
2.1.1
ALWAYS wear protective clothing appropriate to the job site when
operating equipment.
2.1.2
ALWAYS remain aware of moving parts and keep hands, feet, and
loose clothing away from the moving parts of the equipment.
2.1.3
ALWAYS read, understand, and follow procedures in the Operator’s
Manual before attempting to operate the equipment.
2.1.4
ALWAYS store the equipment properly when it is not being used.
Equipment should be stored in a clean, dry location out of the reach of
children.
2.1.5
ALWAYS check that all controls are functioning properly immediately
after start-up! DO NOT operate machine unless all controls operate
correctly.
2.1.6
ALWAYS operate the machine with all safety devices and guards in
place and in working order.
2.1.7
ALWAYS remain aware of changing positions and movement of other
equipment and personnel on the job site.
2.1.8
ALWAYS remain aware of changing surface conditions and use extra
care when operating over uneven ground, on hills, or over soft or
coarse material. The machine could shift or slide unexpectedly.
2.1.9
ALWAYS use caution when operating near the edges of pits, trenches
or platforms. Check to be sure ground surface is stable enough to
support the weight of the machine and operator and there is no danger
of the machine sliding, falling or tipping.
2.1.10
ALWAYS be sure that all other persons are at a safe distance from the
machine. Stop the machine if people step into the working area of the
machine.
2.1.11
ALWAYS disengage and stow the locking bar for the articulated
steering joint before operating the machine. The machine cannot be
steered when the locking bar is engaged.
2.1.12
DO NOT attempt to start the machine when standing alongside it. Only
start the engine when seated in the driver's seat and with the forward/
reverse control in the neutral position.
5
Safety Information
RD 27
2.1.13 NEVER allow improperly trained people to operate this equipment.
People operating this equipment must be familiar with the potential
risks and hazards associated with it.
2.1.14 NEVER carry passengers. Danger of crushing — keep clear of the
articulated steering joint between the front and rear frames.
2.1.15 NEVER use or attempt to repair damaged safety belts or ROPS.
Replace only with Wacker spare parts.
2.1.16 NEVER touch the engine or muffler while the engine is on or
immediately after it has been turned off. These areas get hot and may
cause burns.
2.1.17 NEVER use accessories or attachments that are not recommended by
Wacker. Damage to equipment and injury to the user may result.
2.1.18 NEVER leave machine running unattended.
2.1.19 NEVER start a defective unit in need of service or repair.
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6
RD 27
2.2
Safety Information
Operator Safety while using Internal Combustion Engines
DANGER
wc_si000147gb.fm
Internal combustion engines present special hazards during operation
and fueling. Read and follow the warning instructions in the engine
owner’s manual and the safety guidelines below. Failure to follow the
warnings and safety guidelines could result in severe injury or death.
2.2.1
DO NOT run the machine indoors or in an enclosed area such as a
deep trench unless adequate ventilation, through such items as
exhaust fans or hoses, is provided. Exhaust gas from the engine
contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas; exposure to carbon
monoxide can cause loss of consciousness and may lead to death.
2.2.2
DO NOT smoke while operating the machine.
2.2.3
DO NOT smoke when refueling the engine.
2.2.4
DO NOT refuel a hot or running engine.
2.2.5
DO NOT refuel the engine near an open flame.
2.2.6
DO NOT spill fuel when refueling the engine.
2.2.7
DO NOT run the engine near open flames.
2.2.8
ALWAYS refill the fuel tank in a well-ventilated area.
2.2.9
ALWAYS replace the fuel tank cap after refueling.
2.2.10
ALWAYS check the fuel lines and the fuel tank for leaks and cracks
before starting the engine. Do not run the machine if fuel leaks are
present or the fuel lines are loose.
2.2.11
ALWAYS keep the area around a hot exhaust pipe free of debris to
reduce the chance of an accidental fire.
2.2.12
DO NOT remove radiator cap when the engine is running or hot. The
radiator fluid is hot and under pressure and may cause severe burns!
7
Safety Information
2.3
RD 27
Service Safety
WARNING
Poorly maintained equipment can become a safety hazard! In order
for the equipment to operate safely and properly over a long period of
time, periodic maintenance and occasional repairs are necessary.
2.3.1
Some service procedures require that the machine’s battery be
disconnected. To reduce the risk of personal injury, read and
understand the service procedures before performing any service to
the machine.
2.3.2
All adjustments and repairs MUST be completed before operation.
NEVER operate the machine with a known problem or deficiency! All
repairs and adjustments should be completed by a qualified
technician.
2.3.3
DO NOT stand under the machine while it is being hoisted or moved.
2.3.4
DO NOT get onto the machine while it is being hoisted or moved.
2.3.5
DO NOT use the machine as a ladder. Use safe ladders and platforms
designed for this purpose.
2.3.6
DO NOT modify, weld or drill safety frames (ROPS) fitted as original
equipment. DO NOT loosen or remove bolts. DO NOT weld, drill or
modify a broken safety frame.
2.3.7
DO NOT attempt to open the radiator cap while the unit is running or
before the engine has cooled down. Severe burns may result!
2.3.8
DO NOT modify the equipment without the express written approval of
the manufacturer.
2.3.9
DO NOT attempt to clean or service the machine while it is running.
Rotating parts can cause severe injury.
2.3.10 DO NOT use gasoline or other types of fuels or flammable solvents to
clean parts, especially in enclosed areas. Fumes from fuels and
solvents can become explosive.
2.3.11 ALWAYS keep the area around the muffler free of debris such as
leaves, paper, cartons, etc. A hot muffler could ignite the debris and
start a fire.
2.3.12 ALWAYS replace worn or damaged components with spare parts
designed and recommended by Wacker Corporation.
2.3.13 ALWAYS keep the machine clean and labels legible. Replace all
missing and hard-to-read labels. Labels provide important operating
instructions and warn of dangers and hazards.
2.3.14 ALWAYS check all external fasteners at regular intervals.
2.3.15 ALWAYS turn engine off before performing maintenance or making
repairs.
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RD 27
wc_si000147gb.fm
Safety Information
2.3.16
ALWAYS secure the articulated steering joint using the locking bar
before lifting, jacking, and servicing the machine. Machine halves
could swing together unexpectedly and cause a serious injury.
2.3.17
ALWAYS keep hands, feet and loose clothing away from moving parts.
2.3.18
ALWAYS make sure slings, chains, hooks, ramps, jacks and other
types of lifting devices are attached securely and have enough weightbearing capacity to lift or hold the machine safely. Always remain
aware of the location of other people around when lifting the machine.
2.3.19
Before you start the machine, ensure that all tools have been removed
from the machine and that replacement parts and adjusters are firmly
tightened.
2.3.20
DO NOT open hydraulic lines or loosen hydraulic connections while
engine is running! Before dismantling hydraulic connectors or hoses,
ensure that all pressure has been bled from the circuit. Hydraulic fluid
under pressure can penetrate the skin, cause burns, blind, or create
other potentially dangerous hazards. Set all controls in neutral, and
turn engine off and allow fluids to cool before loosening hydraulic
fittings or attaching test gauges.
2.3.21
Fluid leaks from small holes are often practically invisible. DO NOT use
your bare hands to check for leaks. Check for leaks using a piece of
cardboard or wood.
9
Safety Information
2.4
RD 27
Label Locations
N
R
H
M
L
C
S
N
U
P
K
N
N
V
A
Q
B
G
G
D
O
J
I
F
E, T
D
G
wc_gr002236
wc_si000147gb.fm
10
RD 27
Safety Information
2.5
A
Label
O P E
S T O
R E P
M A N
T H R
D IS T
D IE
A N
W E
E R
S IC
Ö R
R A T
R E D
L A C
U A L
O U G
R IB
O R 'S
O N M
E M E N
C A N
H Y O
U T O R
B E T R IE B S
D E R M A S C
R D E N . Z U R
S A T Z B Ü C H
H B IT T E A N
T L IC H E N W
Meaning
M A
A C
T O
B E
U R
.
N U A L
H IN E .
P E R A
O R D E
L O C A
V O R
H IN E
B E S
E R N
IH R
A C K
M U S T B E
T O R 'S
R E D
L W A C K E R
S C H R IF
A U F B E
T E L L U N
W E N D E
E N
E R H Ä N
T M
W A
G
N S
U S S
H R T
V O N
IE
D L E R .
E L M
S E R
C O N
W A C
P E D
A D IC
L A
E T
C O
W A
P O
E X
A N U
R E T
T A C
K E R
IR U
IO N
N O
R E
N T
C K
U R
E M
A L D
E N ID
T E A
M A S
N E J E
A L .
T IC E D
M U N IE
A C T E R
E R L E
C O M M
P L A IR E
E O
O E
S U
C E
M P
'E M P
S U R
L E D
P L U S
A N D
S U P
P E R
N L A
D IS T
R C A
L A R
A C IO
M A Q
R IB U
N O P
L O I D O
L A M A
IS T R IB
P R O C
E R U N
P L E M E
B
N
Operator's Manual must be stored on
machine. Replacement Operator's Manual
can be ordered through your local Wacker
distributor.
D E B E
U IN A .
ID O R
A R A
IT
C H IN E .
U T E U R
H E
1 1 5 0 9 6
Ref.
Warning & Informational Labels
N T A IR E .
DANGER!
Read and understand the supplied Operator's
Manuals before operating this machine.
Failure to do so increases the risk of injury to
yourself and others.
D’EMPLOI
EMPLOI
Engines emit carbon monoxide; operate
machine in well-ventilated area.
To reduce the risk of hearing loss, wear hearing protection when operating this machine.
Always wear seat belt when operating roller.
Never operate the machine sideways on
slopes.
C
DANGER!
Asphyxiation hazard. Read the Operator’s
Manual for instructions. No sparks, flames, or
burning objects near machine. Stop the engine
before adding fuel. Use only diesel fuel.
D
CAUTION!
Lifting point
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11
Safety Information
Ref.
RD 27
Label
Meaning
E
Wacker Corporation
Menomonee Falls, WI 53051 USA
Model
Item Number
Rev.
Serial Number
kg
lbs
kW
hp
max.kg
max.lbs
Manuf. Yr.
112232
MADE IN
ITALY
dB(A)
A nameplate listing the model number, item
number, revision number, and serial number is
attached to each unit. Please record the
information found on this plate so it will be
available should the nameplate become lost or
damaged. When ordering parts or requesting
service information, you will always be asked
to specify the model number, item number,
revision number, and serial number of the unit.
F
WARNING!
Avoid crushing area.
G
Tie-down point
H
WARNING
I
WARNING!
Disconnect battery before servicing.
Read Repair Manual.
Explosion hazard. Batteries can emit explosive
hydrogen gas. Keep all sparks and flames
away from the battery.
Hydraulic oil drain
HYDRAULIC OIL
HYDRAULIKÖL
ACEITE HIDRÁULICO
HUILE HYDRAULIQUE
J
wc_si000147gb.fm
Hydraulic oil reservoir fill.
12
RD 27
Ref.
Safety Information
Label
Meaning
K
Water tank fill.
L
WARNING!
Pinching hazard. Rotating machinery.
M
WARNING!
Pressurized contents. Do not open when hot!
N
WARNING!
Avoid crushing area.
O
Engine oil drain.
ENGINE OIL
MOTOROEL
ACEITE DE MOTOR
HUILE À MOTEURS
wc_si000147gb.fm
13
Safety Information
Ref.
Label
RD 27
Meaning
P
STOP
Key switch positions.
Power to glowplugs.
Engine stopped (OFF).
Engine ON.
Power to starter motor.
Q
Throttle lever positions.
Idle.
Low speed.
High speed.
R
Vibration activation and deactivation switch.
Forward/reverse lever positions.
S
WARNING!
Do not drill or weld the ROPS.
Read the Operator’s Manual.
ADVERTENCIA
162789
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14
RD 27
Ref.
Safety Information
Label
T
Meaning
WARNING!
WARNING
Avoid crushing area.
Articulated steering joint locking location. Lock
the articulated steering joint before servicing
the machine.
Read Repair Manual.
UNG
162788
U
Fuse identifications.
15A
10A
10A
10A
10A
10A
10A
10A
10A
162921
wc_gr002659
V
Tighten screw to reduce vibration.
Read operator’s manual.
1
2
wc_gr002757
Guaranteed sound power level in dB(A)
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15
Technical Data
3.
RD 27
Technical Data
3.1
Engine
Item No.
RD 27
0009469, 0620007, 0620037, 0620038
Engine
Engine Make
Perkins
Engine Model
403C-15
Engine Type
Liquid-cooled diesel
Rated Power @ 2450/3000 rpm
kW (Hp)
23.3 (31.3)/25.1 (33.7)
Displacement
cm³ (in³)
1496 (91.3)
Starter
type/V/kW
Electric / 12 / 2.7
Alternator
Volts/Amp
12V / 55A
rpm
2450/3000
mm (in.)
0.2 (0.078)
Operating Speeds
Valve Clearance (cold)
intake / exhaust
Air Cleaner
Battery
Engine Oil Capacity
Fuel
Fuel Tank Capacity
Fuel Consumption @ 2450 rpm
/3000 rpm
Coolant Capacity
wc_td000148gb.fm
type
V / rating
CCA
CA
l (qts.)
type
l (gal.)
l (gal.)/hr.
l (gal.)
16
Dual element
12 / 100 Amp-hour
650 @ -17°C (0°F)
820 @ 0°C (32°F)
5.7 (6)
Clean, filtered diesel
46.5 (12.3)
7.1 (1.9)/7.7 (2.0)
6.7 (1.8)
RD 27
3.2
Technical Data
Roller
Item No.
RD 27
0009469, 0620038
RD 27
0620007, 0620037
Roller
Overall Dimensions
2428 x 1300 x 2775
(95.6 x 51.2 x 109.3)
2428 x 1100 x 2775
(95.6 x 43.3 x 109.3)
kg (lb.)
2750 (6063)
2550 (5622)
Drum Width
mm (in.)
1200 (47.2)
1000 (39.4)
Drum Diameter
mm (in.)
700 (27.6)
700 (27.6)
Water Tank Capacity
l (gal)
150 (39.6)
150 (39.6)
Outside Turning Radius
m (ft.)
3.6 (11.8)
3.5 (11.5)
Operating Weight
Forward/Reverse Speed
mm
(in.)
km/hr (mph)
2450 rpm
3000 rpm
0–8.1 (0–5.0)
0–10.0 (0–6.2)
0–8.1 (0–5.0)
0–10.0 (0–6.2)
Vibration Frequency
Hz (vpm)
55 or 66
(3300 or 3960)
55 or 66
(3300 or 3960)
3.3
Lubrication
Item No.
RD 27
0009469, 0620007, 0620037, 0620038
Lubrication
Engine Crankcase
type
l (qts.)
API CH4 or ACEA E5
5.7 (6.0)
Hydraulic System
type
l (gal.)
Oil, Arnica 46
26 (6.9)
Articulated Steering
Joint
wc_td000148gb.fm
type
quantity
GR MU / EP 2
4–5 shots with a hand-held grease gun
17
Technical Data
3.4
RD 27
Sound Measurements
The operating sound level, measured per the requirements of
Appendix 1, Paragraph 1.7.4.f of the EC-Machine Regulations, is:
•
the guaranteed sound power level (LWA) = 106 dB(A).
•
the sound pressure level at operator’s location (LpA) = 84 dB(A).
This sound value was determined according to ISO 3744 for the sound
power level (LWA).
3.5
Measurements of Operator Exposure to Vibration
The operator of this machine should expect to be exposed to vibration
levels listed below when using the machine in performance of its
normally intended function:
•
Hand/arm vibration levels do not exceed 2.5 m/s2. This is the
representative value of the weighted root mean square (rms)
acceleration to which the hands and arms are subjected. The
weighted rms value measured according to ISO 5349-1 is 1.89
m/s2.
•
Whole body vibration levels do not exceed 0.5 m/s2. This is the
representative value of the root mean square (rms) acceleration
to which the whole body is subjected. The weighted rms value
measured according to ISO 2631-1 is 0.209 m/s2.
The results are compliant to the limit and action vibration values (hand/
arm and whole body) as specified in European directive 2002/44/EC.
wc_td000148gb.fm
18
RD 27
Technical Data
3.6
Dimensions
See Graphic: wc_gr002221
Ref.
Dimension mm (inches)
Ref.
Dimension mm (inches)
a
2428 (95.6)
g
2589 (102.0)
b
1000 (39.4)/1200 (47.2)
h
938 (37.0)
c
700 (27.6)
i
1541 (60.7)
d
2775 (109.3)
j
1801 (71.0)
e
1728 (68.0)
k
256 (10.0)
f
1101 (43.3)/1301 (51.2)
l
1801 (70.9)
d
g
j
l
i
h
k
b
e
c
f
a
wc_gr002221
wc_td000148gb.fm
19
Operation
4.
RD 27
Operation
4.1
Application
This machine is designed as a lightweight roller to be used in the
compaction of sublayers and finish layers of asphalt on roads,
driveways, parking lots, and other types of asphalt-covered surfaces.
Do not use this machine for any other purpose.
4.2
Operation and Service Locations
See Graphic: wc_gr002228, wc_gr002229, wc_gr002235
Ref.
Description
Ref.
1
Diesel engine
7
Front exciter hydraulic motor
2
Hydraulic transmission pump
8
Rear hydraulic transmission motor
3
Front hydraulic transmission motor
9
Servo steering
4
Rear exciter hydraulic motor
10
Brake
5
Exciter hydraulic pump
11
Oil Cooler
6
Steering hydraulic pump
12
Electric water pump
a
Throttle lever
k
Fuse box
b
Ignition key block
l
Exciter selector switch
c
Alternator warning light
m
Exciter ON/OFF switch
d
Engine oil pressure warning light
n
Water pump switch
e
Hydraulic oil temperature warning light
o
Engine temperature warning light
f
Forward-reverse lever
p
Hour meter
g
Horn
q
Turn signal switch
h
Parking brake warning light and control
r
Flashers-on warning light
i
Vibrator-on warning light
s
Flasher activation switch
j
Light switch
--
---
wc_tx000425gb.fm
20
Description
RD 27
Operation
q
j
r
i
s
e
d
o
c
h
p
g
n
l
b
a
k
wc_gr002228
1
9
11
12
5, 6
7
4
8, 10
3,10
wc_tx000425gb.fm
2
wc_gr002235
21
Operation
4.3
RD 27
Roll Over Protection Structure (ROPS)
See Graphic: wc_gr002233
The machine is equipped with a Roll Over Protection Structure
(ROPS).
Do not use the machine without the ROPS in place. The ROPS is
designed to protect the operator in a rollover accident.
WARNING
The machine is normally delivered to the customer with the ROPS
folded forward to facilitate transport.
Before using the machine, position the ROPS in the fully upright
position as follows:
4.3.1
Support the ROPS (a) using a crane and suitable rigging capable of
supporting 70 kg (155 lbs.).
CAUTION: Do not use the ROPS to lift the machine.
4.3.2
Remove the safety pin (b) and pull out the locking pin (c). Do so on
both sides.
4.3.3
Lift the ROPS into the upright position.
4.3.4
Insert the locking pins and secure them with the safety pins.
4.3.5
Tighten the adjusting screw (d) as needed to reduce vibration.
Each month, check the torque on all of the screws holding the ROPS
in place. Check that the ROPS frame is not rusty, cracked, broken, or
damaged in any way.
Keep the ROPS in the extended (upright) position when using the
roller, and always use the seat belts provided.
Change the seat belts every 3 years, or any time they have been
subjected to accident-level loads.
If the ROPS has been removed from the machine, it must be
reinstalled before the machine is used. When reinstalling the ROPS,
use the original nuts and bolts and tighten the bolts to the specified
torques.
Do not weld or drill into the ROPS. Drilling or welding on the ROPS will
nullify the ROPS certification.
wc_tx000425gb.fm
22
RD 27
Operation
a
d
b
c
wc_gr002233
wc_tx000425gb.fm
23
Operation
4.4
RD 27
Rotating Beacon (if equipped)
See Graphic: wc_gr002304
The rotating beacon illuminates and rotates when the key switch is in
the ON position.
To install the beacon:
4.5
4.4.1
Thread the power wire (c) through the light staff and fix it to the upper
connector. Insert the connector into the light staff.
4.4.2
Insert the light staff assembly (a) into the left side of the machine
ROPS and tighten the set screw (b).
4.4.3
Slide the rotating beacon (d) onto the light staff.
Backup Alarm
See Graphic: wc_gr002237
The backup alarm (e) is located on the rear of the machine.
Start the engine and move the forward-reverse lever to the reverse
position. The backup alarm should sound immediately. The backup
alarm will continue to sound until the forward-reverse lever is moved to
the neutral position or to the forward position.
If the backup alarm does not sound, make the necessary repairs
before using the roller.
wc_tx000425gb.fm
24
RD 27
4.6
Operation
Lighting Equipment (if equipped)
See Graphic: wc_gr002237 and wc_gr002313
•
Headlights (a).
•
Working light (b).
•
Front turn signal lights/roading lights (c).
•
Rear turn signal lights/roading lights (d).
WARNING
When working in the dark or in bad visibility, use all the lights available.
Replace broken bulbs immediately. Only replace bulbs when
machined is turned off. Remember that your own safety and that of
others depends on your care and attention when operating this
machine.
•
The light switch controls power to the machine’s lights as follows:
Position O - all lights off
Position 1 -
parking lights (roading lights) on
Position 2 -
headlights and roading lights on
Position 3 -
headlights, roading lights, and work light on
P
wc_gr002313
wc_tx000425gb.fm
25
Operation
4.7
RD 27
Seat Belt
See Graphic: wc_gr002238
Pull seat belt (c) out of the retractor in a continuous motion.
Fasten seat belt catch (b) into buckle (a). Make sure that the seat belt
is placed low across the lap of the operator.
The retractor will adjust the belt length and the retractor will lock in
place.
Push the release button (d) on the buckle in order to release the seat
belt. The seat belt will automatically retract into the retractor.
Replace the seat belt every three years.
c
a
d
b
wc_gr002238
wc_tx000425gb.fm
26
RD 27
4.8
Operation
Seat Adjustment
See graphic: wc_gr002234
The machine is equipped with an operator present system. This
system is part of the driver's seat and senses the weight of an operator
in the seat. If the operator is not sitting in the driver's seat, movement
of the roller stops. Machine movement cannot be restored until the
Forward/Reverse lever is returned to the neutral position.
The seat can be adjusted in three ways: tension, front to back, and side
to side (optional). Adjust the seat position and tension according to
working conditions and operator's weight.
•
Use knob (a) for adjusting seat tension (turn from a minimum of
60 kg to a maximum of 120 kg).
•
Use lever (b) to adjust the front-to-back distance from the driving
controls.
•
Use pin (c) to set one of the three side-to-side position placement
holes (if so equipped).
c
a
b
wc_gr002234
wc_tx000425gb.fm
27
Operation
4.9
RD 27
Scraper Adjustment
See Graphic: wc_gr002305
Each drum has two scrapers (a, b). The scrapers are spring-loaded.
They may be set in the travel position (1) or the scraping position (2).
The scraper distance from the drum may also be adjusted. To adjust
the distance:
wc_tx000425gb.fm
4.9.1
Loosen the retaining nuts (c).
4.9.2
Adjust the scraper to the desired distance from the drum and retighten
the retaining nuts.
28
RD 27
Operation
4.10 Anti-Vandalism Protection and Machine Access
See Graphic: wc_gr002230
Parts of the machine which may be subject to theft or vandalism when
the vehicle is parked unattended can be padlocked to prevent
unauthorized access or use.
Lockable parts are:
•
Engine cover.
•
Control console cover.
•
Operator’s manual holder.
To lock the engine cover, close the cover and attach a padlock to the
fastener (a).
The control console cover is usually open during operation and
service. To lock the control console cover, slide the cover over the
console and attach a padlock to the fastener (b).
Note: Padlocks are supplied with the machine as standard.
When working on components within the engine compartment, secure
the hood in the open position using the safety bar (c).
wc_tx000425gb.fm
29
Operation
RD 27
4.11 Water Spray System
1
See Graphic: wc_gr002306 and wc_gr002307
Water from the tank is fed to the spray nozzles by an electric pump.
The switch controls the water pump motor. The switch has three
positions:
Position 0 - water spray system OFF
Position 1 activates intermittent water spray system
0
Position 2 -
activates continuous water spray system
When using the water spray system:
2
wc_gr002306
•
Check that the tank is full of water.
•
Regularly clean the suction filter in the rear half frame.
•
Replace damaged filters.
•
Only use clean water. Dirty water, even when filtered, will rapidly
clog the tubes of the spraying equipment.
During winter, or when temperatures drop to below 0°C (32°F), drain
off the water tank and spraying equipment. Freezing water may cause
broken hoses, filters and water pumps and may deform the water tank.
Drain the system through the spray bar end plugs (b), the tank drain
plug, the water pump filter bowl, and at the manifold drain (c).
The angle of spray may be adjusted. Insert a screwdriver into the
nozzle (a) and adjust the angle as desired. Ensure water spray covers
entire length of drum.
wc_tx000425gb.fm
30
RD 27
Operation
4.12 Transmission
See Graphic: wc_gr002308
Both roller drums are driven. An infinitely variable displacement pump
and hydrostatic transmission drive the hydraulic motors fitted to each
drum. Forward and reverse travel are selected using a forward-reverse
lever located to the side of the driver’s seat. In order to comply with
safety standards, the machine has a device which only enables
starting of the diesel engine when the forward-reverse lever is in the
neutral position.
Forward-reverse lever
Shift the lever into “Forward” (f) or “Reverse” (r) according to the
direction of travel desired. The further forward or reverse the lever is
positioned, the faster the roller will travel.
Road speed varies from “ZERO” to a permitted maximum of 10 kph
(6.2 mph). Road speed is the same in both “Forward” and “Reverse”.
If you wish to change direction of travel from FORWARD to REVERSE
or vice versa, move the lever to the "N neutral” position (n), allow the
vehicle to come to a complete stop, then move the lever in the direction
desired. The end of this lever is also fitted with a button for activating
the exciter.
Note: The machine is equipped with an operator present system. The
system prevents the machine from moving forward or reverse unless
the operator is seated. The operator should remain seated at all times.
When negotiating gentle slopes, keep the engine at high rpm's and the
forward-reverse lever at the minimum position.
CAUTION: This vehicle has a hydrostatic transmission which means
that the forward-reverse lever can also be used as an engine brake.
Shifting the lever to the neutral position stops the vehicle.
CAUTION: Never drive the machine at low idle speed. Driving the
machine at low idle speed can damage the drive pump.
n
r
f
wc_gr002308
wc_tx000425gb.fm
31
Operation
RD 27
4.13 Exciter System
See Graphic: wc_gr002309
The machine has exciters on each drum. The exciters are driven by
gear-type hydraulic motors. The exciter motors are fed by a fixeddisplacement, gear-type hydraulic pump. The exciters are electrically
controlled. A switch (l) on the control console is used to select between
no vibration, front drum only vibration, or both drum vibration. When
activated, a light (i) on the control panel illuminates. A separate switch
(m) on the forward-reverse lever activates the electrical circuit that
controls exciter operation. The vehicle chassis is isolated from
vibrations by a series of shockmounts.
Exciter selector switch
Use the selector switch (l) to select the desired vibration mode:
Position 1 -
vibration on front drum only.
Position 2 -
vibration on both drums.
Exciter ON/OFF switch
To start vibration, press button (m).
To stop vibration, press button (m) again.
CAUTION: Do not leave the vibration running when the vehicle is to
remain stationary for some time. Leaving the exciter on for a prolonged
period when the machine is stationary may damage the exciter.
1
m
i
l
2
wc_gr002309
wc_tx000425gb.fm
32
RD 27
Operation
4.14 Braking System
See Graphic: wc_gr002310
The machine’s hydraulic system is the main source of movement and
braking. Moving the forward-reverse lever to either the forward or
reverse position causes hydraulic oil to flow through the drive motors.
Hydraulic oil flow causes the motors to turn and thus the machine to
move. When no hydraulic oil flow is delivered to the drive motors, the
machine does not move.
To aid in holding the machine in a stopped position (parked), there is
a mechanical parking brake on each drum drive motor. The
mechanical parking brakes are spring-activated and hydraulically
released (SAHR) type brakes. The brakes are applied when: the diesel
engine is switched off, the operator leaves the seat, or there is a fault
in the hydraulic system.
The mechanical parking brakes may also be activated by a push
button (h) on the control console.
Pushing the button downward sets the brakes.
The “Brakes On” warning light
illuminates when the button is
pressed.
Pulling the button upward re-enables the brake release function.
Note: The forward-reverse lever must be in the neutral position in
order for the push button to allow the release of the brakes. If the
forward-reverse lever is not in the neutral position when the parking
brake push button is pulled out, the brakes will not be released.
CAUTION: Under normal operating conditions, do not use the parking
brakes when the machine is moving. The parking brakes should only
be used when the machine is moving in cases of emergency, e.g.,
following failure of the main hydraulic braking system (moving the
forward-reverse lever to the neutral position) or in a runaway condition
traveling down a slope. Using the parking brake while the machine is
moving may cause damage to the drive motors.
h
wc_gr002310
wc_tx000425gb.fm
33
Operation
RD 27
4.15 Throttle Lever
See Graphic: wc_gr002311
The throttle lever has three positions which allow the operator to adjust
the speed of the engine and thus the frequency of vibration in the
drums. Use the idle position (1), when starting or shutting down the
engine. Use the medium position (2), for approximately 55 Hz of
vibration. Use the high position (3), for approximately 66 Hz of
vibration.
Note: Always use the medium or high position when operating the
machine.
4.16 Ignition Key Switch
See Graphic: wc_gr002312
The ignition key switch turns on power to the electrical equipment, the
engine glow plugs, and the starter motor. The ignition key switch has
four positions: In the OFF (O) position no power is distributed by the
keyswitch; the ON position (1) allows power to the control panel
instruments; position (2) allows power to the glow plugs; and position
(3) allows power to the starter motor which cranks the engine.
wc_tx000425gb.fm
34
RD 27
Operation
4.17 Turn Signal Indicator (if equipped)
See Graphic: wc_gr0002314
Use the turn signal switch (q) to activate the desired turn signal. The
flasher light (r) will illuminate when the turn signal switch is used.
r
q
wc_gr002314
wc_tx000425gb.fm
35
Operation
RD 27
4.18 Panel Indicator Lights
See Graphic: wc_gr002315
Engine oil pressure warning light
This warning light (d) illuminates when the key switch is in the ON
position; it goes out once the engine has started.
CAUTION: If the light remains off with the key switch in the ON
position, check the bulb. Replace the bulb before using the machine.
If the light illuminates when the engine is running, it indicates that the
oil pressure is too low. Possible causes for the light to illuminate:
•
Oil level is too low.
•
Incorrect oil viscosity for the time of year.
•
Fault in the oil circuit.
Top up oil level if necessary. Do not operate the machine if the light is
illuminated.
Engine high temperature warning light
This warning light (o) illuminates to indicate that the engine is
overheating.
CAUTION: If the light should illuminate, turn off the engine
immediately. Trace the cause of overheating and rectify the situation
before operating the machine.
Alternator warning light
This warning light (c) illuminates when the key switch is in the ON
position; it goes out once the engine has started.
CAUTION: If the light remains off with the ignition in the ON position,
check the bulb. If the light illuminates when the engine is running, stop
machine and check for a loose or broken belt, or an electrical problem.
Hydraulic oil temperature warning light
This warning light (e) illuminates to indicate that the hydraulic oil is too
hot.
CAUTION: If the hydraulic temperature warning light should illuminate,
turn off the engine immediately. Trace the cause of overheating and
rectify the situation before operating the machine.
wc_tx000425gb.fm
36
RD 27
Operation
4.19 Locking/Unlocking Articulated Steering Joint
See Graphic: wc_gr002232
Install the articulated steering joint pin in the LOCKED position (a)
before you lift, transport, or perform maintenance near the center of the
machine.
Install the articulated steering joint pin in the UNLOCKED position (b)
before you operate the machine.
CAUTION: Attempting to steer the machine with the articulated
steering joint pin in the locked position may destroy the steering
cylinder and locking mechanism.
a
b
wc_gr002232
wc_tx000425gb.fm
37
Operation
RD 27
4.20 Operating on Slopes
See Graphic: wc_gr002529
When operating on slopes or hills, special care must be taken to
reduce the risk of personal injury or damage to the equipment. Always
operate the machine up and down hills rather than from side to side.
For safe operation and for protection of the engine, continuous duty
use should be restricted to front/rear slopes of 19° (35% grade) or less.
NEVER operate machine sideways on slopes. The machine may roll
over, even on stable ground.
WARNING
19˚
35%
wc_gr002529
wc_tx000425gb.fm
38
RD 27
Operation
4.21 Preliminary Checks
Before starting the machine, check the following items:
•
Check the machine for obstructions and remove all obstructions
before operating.
•
Place the articulated steering joint locking pin in the unlocked
position.
•
Remove locks fom vandalism guard and hood.
•
With the machine on a flat surface, open the hood, place retaining bar in place to hold hood, and check the following items:
• Engine coolant level.
• Engine oil level.
• Hydraulic oil level.
• Diesel fuel level.
• Engine air filter indicator.
• Condition of oil cooler and radiator cooling fins.
• Check that there are no fluid leaks.
•
Water level in tank.
•
Ensure that the drum scrapers are clean.
•
Ensure that regular maintenance operations have been carried
out.
•
Before climbing onto the roller, walk round the machine and
check that everything is in order.
•
Check that all handles, steps, and platforms are free of dirt, snow,
grease, fuel or anything else which might endanger operator
safety. Always keep the driver’s platform clean.
CAUTION: Top up lubricating and hydraulic oil levels using products
with the grades and specifications shown in the table of recommended
lubricants and oils in this manual. When doing so, use clean
containers, funnels, etc. to avoid contamination.
When climbing on and off the machine, maintain a three-point contact
with the steps and the handholds. Three-point contact can be two feet
and one hand. Three-point contact can also be one foot and two
hands.
wc_tx000425gb.fm
39
Operation
RD 27
4.22 Starting the Engine
See graphic: wc_gr002312, wc_gr002311, wc_gr002229, and wc_gr002582
Exhaust gases are toxic. Do not start the engine in enclosed spaces.
WARNING
4.22.1 Sit down in the operator’s seat and fasten seat belt.
4.22.2 Move forward-reverse (f) lever to neutral position.
4.22.3 Push parking brake knob (h) downward to engage parking brake.
4.22.4 Move throttle to the LOW position (1).
4.22.5 Insert the ignition key into the ignition switch in “Position 0”.
4.22.6 Turn the ignition key to “Position 1”. Check for power to the control
panel. The oil pressure and alternator lights should illuminate.
4.22.7 Turn the ignition key to “Position 2” and hold it there for approximately
15 seconds to supply power to the glow plugs. In warmer weather the
time period may be reduced.
4.22.8 Immediately after powering the glow plugs, turn the key to ’Position 3”
to crank the engine. When the engine fires, immediately release the
ignition key to avoid straining the starter motor. When you release the
ignition key, it will return automatically to “Position 1”.
4.22.9 The hour meter will begin to function when the engine fires and starts
running.
WARNING
Prolonged exposure to high noise levels can damage your hearing.
Wear appropriate hearing protection while operating the roller.
Observe the following recommendations for engine warm-up when
operating at the listed temperatures:
•
Above 0°C (32°F), the warm-up period is 15 minutes.
•
Below 0°C (32°F), the warm-up period is 30 minutes or longer.
•
Below -18°C (0°F), more time is required if the hydraulic controls
are sluggish.
Before moving the machine:
wc_tx000425gb.fm
•
Check the operation of the parking brake with the engine running.
•
Check the operation of the steering system with the engine
running.
•
Check that the vehicle's exhaust system is in good working order
and that there are no leaks.
•
Make sure that no one is in the vehicle's path.
40
RD 27
wc_tx000425gb.fm
Operation
41
Operation
RD 27
4.23 Stopping the Engine
See graphic: wc_gr002312, wc_gr002311, wc_gr002229, and wc_gr002582
When you finish using the machine:
4.23.1 Stop the machine on a flat surface with a suitable load bearing
capacity.
4.23.2 Move the forward-reverse (f) lever to the neutral position.
4.23.3 Move the throttle lever to the low position (1).
CAUTION: Never stop the engine suddenly after a lengthy period of
running under heavy loading. Allow the engine to run at idling speed
for a few minutes before switching off. This avoids a sudden drop in
engine temperature when the engine is switched off.
4.23.4 Apply the parking brake (h).
4.23.5 Turn the key switch to “Position 0” (OFF).
4.23.6 Remove the ignition key before you leave the driver’s seat.
WARNING
wc_tx000425gb.fm
If the vehicle constitutes a hazard or obstacle to traffic when parked, it
should be marked with signs, lights, and other warnings.
If the machine must be parked on a sloping surface, chock the drums
with wedges to prevent any vehicle movement.
42
RD 27
5.
Maintenance
Maintenance
5.1
Maintenance Schedule
Daily or
every 10
hours
Check level of engine oil.
„
Check level of hydraulic fluid.
„
Check and clean spray system.
„
Check and clean scrapers.
„
Check fuel level.
„
Check engine coolant level.
„
Check air cleaner; replace filters as needed.
„
Clean sediment cup on engine fuel system.
„
Test back-up alarm.
„
Test neutral switch.
„
Inspect seat belt.
„
Every
50
hours
Drain fuel system water separator.
„
Check battery.
„
Check external hardware.
„
Every
250
hours
Lubricate throttle control.
„
Lubricate steering cylinder ends.
„
Inspect shockmounts.
„
Clean engine cooling system and hydraulic oil
cooler.
„
Replace fuel system water separator
element.
„
Inspect belts.
„
Every
500
hrs.
Change engine oil and replace filter.
„
Replace hydraulic fluid filter.
„
Lubricate articulated steering joint.
„
Every
1000
hrs.
Replace hydraulic tank breather.
„
Clean/replace cooling system pressure cap.
„
Change hydraulic fluid.
„
wc_tx000426gb.fm
43
Maintenance
RD 27
Daily or
every 10
hours
Every
50
hours
Every
250
hours
Every
500
hrs.
Every
1000
hrs.
Inspect engine: mounting bolts, valve lash,
cylinder head bolts, exhaust system.
„
Clean control lever with compressed air and
adjust.
„
Inspect ROPS and torque mounting
hardware.
„
5.2
Recommended Products and Amounts
The amounts shown in liters are approximate and are provided as a guide only.
To establish an oil level accurately, use the appropriate level plug, dipstick, etc.
Part
Type
Engine
OIL, Diesel Gamma
Quantity
(summer or winter grade)
liters
gallons
5.7
1.5
Exciter bearings
#2 lithium-based grease
per bearing 60 grams (2 oz.)
Hydraulic oil tank
OIL, Arnica 46
26
6.9
Fuel tank
Diesel fuel, clean and filtered
48
12.7
Water tank
Soft water
160
42.3
Lubricant specifications
For oils of other brands call Wacker Service.
Part
AGIP code/name
Code/name
Diesel Engine
Diesel Gamma
API CC - 4/SG
MIL - L - 2104 E
ACEA E3-96
MIL - L - 46152 E
Hydraulic system
wc_tx000426gb.fm
Arnica 46
DIN 51524 - Pt. 3 - Cat. HV
44
RD 27
Maintenance
5.3
Oil/Temperature Table
Diesel engine oil
-35 -22 -13 -4
+5 +14 +23 +32 +41 +50 +59 +68 +77 +86 +95 +104 ¡F
SAE 5 W/30
SAE 10 W
SAE 10 W/40
SAE 15 W/40
SAE 20 W/20
SAE 30
SAE 40
-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5
0
+5 +10 +15 +20 +25 +30 +35 +40 ¡C
Comparative table of oils
AGIP
Diesel Gamma 15W/40
ARNICA 46
Rotra MP80W/90
Grease MU EP2
BP
Vanellus 15W/40
SHF 46
Hypogear 80W/90
Grease LT2
ELF
Elf HD 15W/40
Elf 46
Trans Elf BO 80W/90
Elf Epexa 2
ESSO
Lube HDX 15W/40
Invarol EP 46
Gear Oil GX 80W/90
Mulitpurpose Grease H
MOBIL
Delvac 1400 15W/40
Mobil DTE 15
Mobilube HD 80W/90
Mobilgrease MP
SHELL
Rotella SX 15W/40
Tellus T46
Spirax HD 80W/90
Alvania EP2
AGIP Hydraulic oil
Cold climates: Below -10°C
ARNICA 22
Temperate climates: From -15°C to +30°C
ARNICA 46
Tropical climates: Above +30°C
ARNICA 68
wc_tx000426gb.fm
45
Maintenance
5.4
RD 27
Battery
Before servicing this machine, make sure the engine start switch is in
the off “O” position and that the battery is disconnected. Attach a “DO
NOT START” sign to the machine. This will notify other personnel that
the unit is being serviced and will reduce the chance of someone
inadvertently trying to start the unit.
WARNING
Explosion hazard. Batteries can emit explosive hydrogen gas. Keep all
sparks and flames away from the battery. Do not short-circuit battery
posts. Do not touch the machine frame or the negative terminal of the
battery when working on the positive terminal.
Battery fluid is poisonous and corrosive. In the event of ingestion or
contact with skin or eyes seek medical attention immediately.
WARNING
Dispose of dead batteries in accordance with local environmental
regulations.
To disconnect the battery:
5.4.1
Stop the machine and shut down the engine.
5.4.2
Place all electrical switches in the OFF position.
5.4.3
Disconnect the negative battery cable from the battery.
5.4.4
Disconnect the positive battery cable from the battery.
To connect the battery:
1
5.4.5
Connect the positive battery cable to the battery.
5.4.6
Connect the negative battery cable to the battery.
2
3
4
wc_gr002565
wc_tx000426gb.fm
46
RD 27
Maintenance
The battery supplied on this machine is constructed to resist vibration
and provide long service life.
CAUTION
DO NOT use automotive-type batteries on this machine. Automotivetype batteries are not designed to withstand the heavy vibration
produced by this machine. The case on automotive-type batteries
could fail, causing battery acid to leak.
Inspect battery periodically. Keep battery terminals clean and
connections tight.
When necessary, tighten the cables and grease the cable clamps with
petroleum jelly.
Maintain the battery at full charge to improve cold weather starting.
Dispose of dead batteries in accordance with local environmental
regulations.
CAUTION: Observe the following to prevent serious damage to the
machine’s electrical system:
wc_tx000426gb.fm
•
Never disconnect the battery with the machine running.
•
Never attempt to run the machine without a battery.
•
Never attempt to jump-start a machine.
•
In the event that the machine has a dead battery, either replace
the battery with a fully charged battery or charge the battery
using an appropriate battery charger.
47
Maintenance
5.5
RD 27
Inspecting the ROPS
Inspect the rollover protection structure (ROPS) for cracks. Inspect the
ROPS for any loose bolts or damaged bolts. Replace the damaged
bolts with original equipment parts only. Torque mounting bolts to
240Nm (177 ft.lbs.).
Inspect the locking pins for wear or damage.
Replace the ROPS if it is damaged. Do not straighten the ROPS or
repair the ROPS by welding reinforcement plates to the ROPS.
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.6
Lifting the Machine
See Graphic: wc_gr002288
Stop the engine. Refer to Section Stopping the Engine for information.
Locking the articulated steering joint (a)
Before hoisting the machine, make sure the articulated steering joint is
in the LOCKED position. Refer to section Locking/Unlocking
Articulated Steering Joint for information.
Hoisting
Use hoisting ropes or chains with an appropriate amount of load
bearing capacity. Attach the hoisting ropes to the lifting eyes (b) on the
machine using hooks or shackles. Attach the other end of the ropes to
the hook of the hoisting equipment. The hook must have a lifting
capacity which will support the weight of the machine which is 2630 Kg
(5797 lbs.). Lift the machine using four ropes, one rope attached to
each lifting eye and a spreader bar that prevents the ropes from
contacting the machine.
Use only steel ropes or chains for hoisting. Ropes or chains must have
the suitable specified lifting capacity and must be at least 2000 mm
WARNING (6.5 ft.) long. Do not use improvised ropes or chains.
Do not stand under, or get onto, the machine while it is being hoisted
or moved.
b
b
a
wc_gr002288
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Maintenance
5.7
RD 27
Tying Down the Machine
See Graphic: wc_gr002287
Lock the articulated steering joint (a). Refer to section Locking/
Unlocking Articulated Steering Joint for information.
Secure the machine by attaching steel ropes or chains to the tie down
eyes (b).
Note: The transmission is normally braked when the diesel engine is
off, or when the hydraulic system is not functioning unless there is a
fault and/or the parking brakes have been manually disabled.
CAUTION: Do not position ropes or chains across the machine frame
or the articulated joint when tying down the machine. Damage to the
machine may occur.
CAUTION: Do not use complete deflection of shockmounts when tying
down the machine. Damage to the shockmounts may occur.
CAUTION: Do not leave the machine tied down for extended periods
of time (except for cases of transporting). Damage to the shockmounts
may occur.
b
b
a
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RD 27
5.8
Maintenance
Engine Oil
See Graphic: wc_gr002217
Engine oil level
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake, and switch off the engine.
Check the oil level with the machine standing on a level surface.
5.8.1
Clean around the dipstick.
5.8.2
Extract the dipstick (a) and check the oil level. The oil level should be
between the two notches on the dipstick. Add oil through oil filler cap
(b) if needed so that the oil reaches the maximum level mark.
CAUTION: Only use oil which meets the standards specified in the
table of recommended lubricants.
Oil consumption in the first 100 hours is higher than normal. During this
period it is therefore advisable to check the oil level at least twice daily
and top up when necessary.
Engine oil and filter change
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
The machine must be level.
Change the oil when the engine is still warm. Warm oil drains more
easily.
WARNING
Danger of burns! Care must be taken when draining hot engine oil. Hot
oil can burn!
5.8.3
Open the engine hood.
5.8.4
Detach the drain hose (c) from the frame.
5.8.5
Drain off the used oil into a suitable container.
Note: Collect, store and dispose of all old oil in accordance with
current environmental protection regulations.
5.8.6
Refit the drain hose to the frame.
5.8.7
Unscrew the filter cartridge (d) and remove it.
Note: Dispose of used filters in accordance with environmental
protection regulations.
wc_tx000426gb.fm
5.8.8
Clean the filter housing base and apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
seal of the new oil filter.
5.8.9
Install the new filter and tighten by hand. When the seal contacts the
base, tighten the filter an additional 3/4 turn.
5.8.10
Remove the oil filler cap (b) and pour in the required amount of oil.
Clean the oil filler cap and replace.
51
Maintenance
RD 27
CAUTION: Always use the correct oil type. Do not use oil brands or
grades which are not recommended.
5.8.11 Start and run the engine for a few minutes. Check the oil pressure and
the filter seal.
5.8.12 Stop the engine and make the following checks:
•
Check the oil level and top up if necessary.
•
Check the new filter for leaks.
b
c
d
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RD 27
5.9
Maintenance
Testing Backup Alarm
The backup alarm is located at the rear of the machine.
wc_tx000426gb.fm
5.9.1
Engage the parking brake.
5.9.2
Start the engine.
5.9.3
Move the forward/reverse lever to the REVERSE position. The backup
alarm should sound immediately. The backup alarm will continue to
sound until the forward/reverse lever is moved to the NEUTRAL or
FORWARD position.
5.9.4
If the backup alarm does not sound, make the necessary repairs.
53
Maintenance
RD 27
5.10 Engine Air Filter
See Graphic: wc_gr002225
WARNING
NEVER use gasoline or other types of low flash point solvents for
cleaning the air filter. A fire or explosion could result.
CAUTION: NEVER run engine without the air cleaner elements.
Severe engine damage will occur.
Filter Indicator
The air intake system is equipped with a filter indicator (a), which
indicates when a filter change is required. Replace main paper filter
element if it appears heavily soiled and/or when yellow plunger of
indicator appears in or near the red line. Push and hold in the yellow
rubber button on top of indicator to reset it after replacing main paper
filter element.
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
Replace main filter element
5.10.1 The main air filter element can be used up to six times; after that it must
be replaced.
5.10.2 Remove cover (b) for the air filter housing.
5.10.3 Remove main filter element (c) from the air filter housing.
5.10.4 Clean inside of the air filter housing.
5.10.5 Install new main filter element and replace the cover.
5.10.6 Replace cover (b) and reset the filter indicator (a).
Clean main filter element
5.10.7 Remove cover (b) for the air filter housing.
5.10.8 Remove main filter element (c) from the air filter housing.
5.10.9 Clean inside of the air filter housing.
5.10.10 Clean the filter element with a compressed air gun fitted with a straight
or bent nozzle.
CAUTION: Only use filtered, dry compressed air. Do not exceed an air
pressure of 30 psi.
5.10.11 Blow through the filter from the inside to the outside along the folds of
the filter. Continue until all dust has been removed.
5.10.12 Hold the element up to the light or pass a lamp through the middle to
check the condition of the element folds.
5.10.13 Check that the sealed surface is in good condition.
5.10.14 Install main filter element and replace the cover.
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RD 27
Maintenance
CAUTION: Do not re-use damaged filters. Replace damaged filters
even though the damage may be very slight.
5.10.15 Reassemble cover (b) and reset the filter indicator (a).
Replace secondary filter element.
5.10.16 Remove cover (b) for the air filter housing.
5.10.17 Remove main filter element (c) from the air filter housing.
5.10.18 Remove the secondary filter element.
5.10.19 Cover the intake port (d) and clean inside of the air filter housing.
CAUTION: Do not allow dirt to get into the engine intake port while
cleaning - damage to engine will result.
5.10.20 Remove the cover from the intake port and install new secondary filter
element.
5.10.21 Install main filter element and replace the cover.
5.10.22 Reassemble cover (b) and reset the filter indicator (a).
Note: Change the secondary element (e) every third time the main
element is changed.
CAUTION: Do not use air filter as ether starting aid intake.
a
b
c
e
d
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.11 Fuel System Water Separator
See Graphic: wc_gr002218
Drain fuel system water separator (f)
5.11.1 Open the engine hood.
5.11.2 Attach a rubber drain tube to the valve (e).
5.11.3 Turn valve (e) counterclockwise in order to open the valve.
5.11.4 Drain the water and the sediment into a suitable container.
Note: Collect, store and dispose of all used fluids in accordance with
current environmental protection regulations.
5.11.5 Close valve (e).
5.11.6 Remove the rubber drain tube.
Fuel system water separator element
5.11.7 Open the engine hood.
5.11.8 Turn valve (e) in a counterclockwise direction in order to drain the fuel.
Drain the fuel into a suitable container.
Note: Collect, store and dispose of all old fuel in accordance with
current environmental protection regulations.
5.11.9 Close valve (e).
5.11.10 Hold bowl (d) while you loosen the collar (c). Remove the bowl (d) and
the collar (c).
5.11.11 Loosen the collar (a). Remove the element (b).
Note: Dispose of used filters in accordance with environmental
protection legislation.
5.11.12 Clean the parts. Inspect the parts for damage. Replace the damaged
parts or replace the worn parts.
5.11.13 Clean the filter mounting base. All of the old seal must be removed.
5.11.14 Apply a light coat of diesel fuel to the seal of the new filter.
5.11.15 Install the new filter and tighten by hand. Tighten the collar (a).
5.11.16 Install the bowl (d) and tighten the collar (c).
5.11.17 Start the engine and check the fuel system for leaks.
5.11.18 Close the engine compartment.
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RD 27
Maintenance
a
b
c
d
f
e
wc_gr002218
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.12 Hydraulic Oil
See Graphic: wc_gr002219
Hydraulic oil level
5.12.1 Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
5.12.2 Check the level in the sight gauge (a) on the left side of the tank. Check
the oil level with the machine standing on a level surface. Maintain the
oil level to the mark on the sight gauge.
5.12.3 If the level is low, top up through the filler (c).
CAUTION: Only use oil which meets the standards specified in the
table of recommended lubricants.
Hydraulic oil cooler
5.12.4 Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
5.12.5 Open the engine hood.
5.12.6 Clean the hydraulic oil cooler (e).
5.12.7 Clean the oil cooler fins using compressed air, high pressure water or
steam. Do not knock the fins. Knocking will bend the fins.
Hydraulic oil change
5.12.8 Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
5.12.9 Open the engine hood.
5.12.10 Remove hydraulic tank filler cap (c).
5.12.11 Remove the screen from the filler tube of the tank.
5.12.12 Wash the screen and filler cap in clean, nonflammable solvent.
5.12.13 Check the vent (d) for the hydraulic tank. Wash with a clean,
nonflammable solvent.
5.12.14 Open the drain for the tank (b) and drain into a suitable container (g).
Note: Collect, store and dispose of all used oil in accordance with
current environmental protection regulations.
5.12.15 Remove the suction strainer inside the hydraulic tank. The strainer is
removed by unscrewing the large coupling on the outside lower left
corner of the tank. Using Loctite 575 or equivalent on threads, install a
new suction strainer in the hydraulic tank.
5.12.16 Close the drain for the tank (b).
5.12.17 Install the screen into the filler tube of the tank.
5.12.18 Refill the tank with clean, filtered hydraulic oil. Check the oil level in the
sight gauge. Maintain the oil level to the mark on the sight gauge.
CAUTION: The hydraulic system is not designed to accommodate
biodegradeable oil.
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.12.19 Install hydraulic tank filler cap (c).
Hydraulic oil filter change
5.12.20 Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
5.12.21 Open the engine hood.
5.12.22 Unscrew the old filter cartridge (f) keeping a plastic bag over the
cartridge to contain any oil loss.
5.12.23 Oil the seal of the new filter.
5.12.24 Install the new filter and tighten by hand. When the seal contacts the
base, tighten the filter an additional 3/4 turn.
5.12.25 Check the hydraulic oil tank level. Add oil if needed.
Note: In the interests of environmental protection, place impermeable
sheeting and a container under the machine to collect the liquid which
drains off. Dispose of this liquid in accordance with environmental
protection legislation.
a
b
c
d
f
e
g
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.13 Engine Cooling System
See Graphic: wc_gr002226
Danger of burns. Only clean the engine cooling system when the
engine is cold.
WARNING
5.13.1 Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
Allow the cooling system to cool completely.
5.13.2 Open the engine hood.
5.13.3 Slowly loosen the cooling system pressure cap in order to relieve
system pressure. Remove cap (a).
5.13.4 Remove the lower hose that is connected to the radiator. Allow the
coolant to drain into a suitable container (b).
Note: In the interests of environmental protection, place impermeable
sheeting and a container under the machine to collect the liquid which
drains off. Dispose of this liquid in accordance with environmental
protection legislation.
5.13.5 Replace the lower drain hose. Fill the cooling system with clean water
and with a 6 to 10% concentration of cooling system cleaner.
5.13.6 Install the cooling system pressure cap.
5.13.7 Close the engine compartment.
5.13.8 Start the engine and let it run for 90 minutes.
5.13.9 Stop the engine and allow the cooling system to completely cool.
5.13.10 Remove the cooling system pressure cap.
5.13.11 Remove the lower drain hose from the radiator. Drain the cleaning
solution.
5.13.12 Flush the cooling system with water until the draining water is
transparent.
5.13.13 Replace the lower drain hose.
5.13.14 Using long life, premix coolant, fill the coolant level to 1 cm of the
bottom of the fill pipe.
5.13.15 Start the engine and let run. Leave the cap off until the thermostat
opens and the coolant level stabilizes.
5.13.16 Inspect the gasket on the cooling system pressure cap. Replace the
cooling system pressure cap if the gasket is damaged.
5.13.17 Install the cooling system pressure cap.
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RD 27
Maintenance
a
b
wc_gr002226
5.14 Cleaning Radiator Core
See graphic: wc_gr002578
5.14.1
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake, switch off the engine, and
disconnect the battery.
5.14.2
While wearing gloves, remove large pieces of debris by hand.
5.14.3
Use compressed air to remove smaller debris and dust from radiator
fins.
Note: High-pressure water is not recommended. High-pressure water
may bend the radiator fins.
wc_gr002578
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.15 Sprinkler Efficiency
See Graphic: wc_gr002220
Clean water spray nozzles
5.15.1 Remove cap (c). Remove spray nozzle (d). Remove screen (e).
5.15.2 Wash nozzle (d) and screen (e) in a clean, nonflammable solvent.
Note: Use only Wacker nozzles. Using other nozzles may modify
spray pattern and endurance.
5.15.3 Install screen (e) and nozzle (d).
Note: Use only Wacker nozzles. Using other nozzles may modify
spray pattern and endurance.
5.15.4 Install cap (c).
Note: Rotation of the nozzle may be required in order to establish a
correct spray pattern.
Drain water spray system
5.15.5 Remove drain plug (b) and drain the main water tank.
5.15.6 Open drain valve (h) and drain the lines for the spray bar.
5.15.7 Remove the housing for the water filter (g).
5.15.8 Remove the strainer from the housing.
5.15.9 Drain the water from the housing. Allow the water in the water line to
drain.
5.15.10 Clean the strainer. Install the strainer into the housing for the water
filter.
5.15.11 Install water filter (g).
Clean water spray system filter
5.15.12 Remove water filter (g).
5.15.13 Remove filter bowl (j). Remove screen (k).
5.15.14 Clean filter bowl (j) and screen (k) with water or compressed air.
5.15.15 Install screen (k) into filter bowl (j).
5.15.16 Install water filter (g).
Clean water tank strainer
5.15.17 Remove the filler cap (l).
5.15.18 Remove the strainer.
5.15.19 Clean the filler cap and strainer with water or compressed air.
5.15.20 Install the strainer.
5.15.21 Fill tank with clean water.
Note: The sprinkler system is not compatible with the use of fuel/water
mix or non-stick chemicals.
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.15.22 Install the filler cap (l).
c
a
e
d
f
b
g
g
h
j
l
k
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.16 Inspecting and Adjusting Belts
See Graphic: wc_gr002583
The machine is equipped with a belt that operates the fan, the
alternator, and the water pump. It is also equipped with a second belt
that operates the vibratory pump. For maximum engine performance
and maximum utilization of the engine, inspect the belts for wear and
cracking. Check the tension of the belts. Adjust the tension of the belts
in order to minimize belt slippage. Belt slippage will decrease the belt
life. Belt slippage will also cause poor performance. Improper
tightening of belts will generate an increase in noise level.
Alternator and Water Pump Belt
5.16.1 Open the engine compartment.
5.16.2 To check belt tension, apply 110N (25 lbs.) of force midway between
the pulleys. A correctly adjusted belt will deflect 13 to 19 mm (1/2 to 3/
4 inch).
5.16.3 In order to adjust the alternator belt(a), loosen the mounting nuts (b
and c).
5.16.4 To achieve the correct adjustment, move the alternator inward or move
the alternator outward, as required.
5.16.5 TIghten mounting bolts (b and c).
Note: The alternator shaft nut must be tightened to a torque of
50±5Nm (37±4 ft.lbs.).
5.16.6 When new belts are installed, recheck the belt adjustment after 30
minutes of operation.
Vibratory belts
5.16.7 Open the engine compartment.
5.16.8 To check belt tension, apply 430±20N (97±5 lbs.) of force midway
between the pulleys. A correctly adjusted belt will deflect 5 to 6 mm
(0.2 to 0.24 inch).
5.16.9 In order to adjust the vibratory pump belts (d), loosen the three
mounting bolts (e).
5.16.10 In order to tighten the belts, turn the adjusting screw (f) clockwise. In
order to loosen the belts, turn the adjusting bolt counterclockwise.
5.16.11 Tighten the three mounting bolts (e).
5.16.12 Close the engine compartment.
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RD 27
Maintenance
c
f
e
b
d
a
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.17 Fuses
See Graphic: wc_gr002291
The fuses protect the electrical system from damage due to
overloaded circuits. If a fuse blows, replace it. If a newly replaced fuse
blows, check the circuit and repair the problem before you operate the
machine.
The fuse compartment is located on the right side of the control
console. To access the compartment, remove the four screws and the
compartment cover.
(a) Fan motor — 15 Amp
(b) Brake and neutralizer — 10 Amp
(c) Gauges and horn — 10 Amp
(d) Vibration system — 10 Amp
(e) Backup alarm and beacon — 10 Amp
(f) Hour meter — 10 Amp
(g) Water spray system — 10 Amp
(h) Flasher — 10 Amp
(i) Keyswitch — 10 Amp
a
h
i
b
g
c
f
d
e
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.18 Shockmounts
CAUTION: Fuel and hydraulic oils deteriorate the rubber of the
shockmounts. The engine compartment should therefore be
thoroughly cleaned at regular intervals.
CAUTION: Shockmounts are not designed to absorb drops of over 8
cm (3 in.).
Should it be necessary to replace one or more of the shockmounts, it
is recommended to change all the other shockmounts at the same
time.
Engine shockmounts
5.18.1
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine,
and allow engine to cool.
5.18.2
Open the engine hood and fix it in the raised position with the rod.
5.18.3
Check the wear of the diesel engine shockmounts. The rubber should
not be broken nor should it show any signs of having lost its resilience.
The shockmounts prevent excessive vibrations from reaching the
frame and thus also protect the other components mounted on the
engine from damage and faulty operation.
Exciter drum shockmounts
wc_tx000426gb.fm
5.18.4
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
5.18.5
Check the wear of the exciter drum shockmounts. The rubber should
not be broken nor should it show any signs of having lost its resilience.
The shockmounts prevent excessive vibration from reaching the frame
and thus also protect the other components from damage and faulty
operation.
67
Maintenance
RD 27
5.19 Scraper Wear
See Graphic: wc_gr002566
5.19.1 Stop the machine, apply the parking brake, and switch off the engine.
5.19.2 Remove dirt and debris from scrapers.
5.19.3 Check the wear of the scraper (a). The scrapers should be adjusted
vertical to the ground and to touch the width of the drums. The inner
scrapers can be adjusted with the adjustable spring mounts which are
located inside the front and rear frames. The tension on the spring
mounts should be adjusted in order to prevent bouncing of the scraper
when the vibration system is active.
5.19.4 Scraper bar pivots are protected with special, auto-lube plastic
sleeves. Check the pivots for wear and replace when necessary.
a
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.20 Lubricating Articulated Steering Joint
See Graphic: wc_gr002223
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake, and switch off the engine.
5.20.1
Lock the articulated steering joint before servicing. See section
Locking/Unlocking Articulated Steering Joint.
5.20.2
Clean all fittings before servicing.
5.20.3
Clean all caps before servicing.
5.20.4
Lubricate the fittings (c) for the articulation bearing.
Note: Use a small amount of grease (see section Lubrication). Excess
grease can cause seal damage.
5.20.5
Install all caps after servicing.
Note: Lubricate pins of locking mechanism with a film of grease as
needed.
c
c
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.21 Lubricating Steering Cylinder
See Graphic: wc_gr002576
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
5.21.1 Lock the articulated joint before servicing. See section Locking/
Unlocking Articulated Joint.
5.21.2 The steering cylinder is located in the pivot area of the machine. It is
on the right side of the engine compartment. Lubricate the steering
cylinder via fittings (a & b). See Tech Data for type and amount of
grease.
Note: Clean the fittings before lubricating the steering cylinder.
a
b
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.22 Lubricating Throttle Control
See Graphic: wc_gr002577
5.22.1
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake, switch off the engine, and
disconnect the battery.
5.22.2
Clean the throttle control linkage (a) with a clean rag.
5.22.3
Lubricate the throttle control linkage with engine oil.
a
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.23 General Cleaning
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
Remove the ignition key and close the protective cover over the key
switch.
Protect the following parts with covers and adhesive tape:
•
Engine cooling louvers.
•
Exhaust pipe.
•
Dashboard.
•
Forward-reverse lever.
•
Backup alarm.
Clean the roller thoroughly with high-pressure water jet and a strong
brush. Remove all dirt, mud, and tar from the drums and bodywork.
Note: Do not spray the backup alarm directly with the high-pressure
water.
Cleaning the vehicle thoroughly will show any oil leaks, loose nuts, or
other faults.
Particular attention should be paid to the following:
•
Vent cap on the hydraulic oil tank.
•
Fuel filler cap on the diesel oil tank.
•
Engine compartment.
•
Exciter drum shockmounts.
After washing, dry the machine with a jet of compressed air and then
remove the protective covers and tape.
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RD 27
Maintenance
5.24 Cleaning the Fuel Tank
See Graphic: wc_gr002227
Danger of explosion. Diesel fuel is flammable and must be treated with
the necessary caution. Do not smoke when handling fuel. Also, avoid
sparks and open flames when handling fuel.
WARNING
Stop the machine, apply the parking brake, and switch off the engine.
The machine should be level.
Clean fuel tank cap and strainer
5.24.1
Open engine hood.
5.24.2
Remove fuel tank cap (a).
5.24.3
Remove the filler screen and wash in a clean, nonflammable solvent.
Dry with pressure air.
5.24.4
Inspect cap and filler screen. Replace if damaged.
5.24.5
Install filler screen.
5.24.6
Apply a thin film of fuel to the gasket of the fuel tank cap.
5.24.7
Install fuel tank cap (a).
CAUTION: Only use clean and filtered fuel. Always use the correct
type of fuel for the time of year: either normal diesel or winter diesel.
Drain fuel tank and sediment
5.24.8
Remove the drain plug (b) and allow the water and sediment to drain
into a suitable container.
Note: In the interests of environmental protection, place impermeable
sheeting and a container under the machine to collect the liquid which
drains off. Dispose of this liquid in accordance with environmental
protection legislation.
5.24.9
Install the drain plug (b).
CAUTION: The tank must be cleaned more frequently if the vehicle is
being used in very humid or dusty conditions.
a
b
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Maintenance
RD 27
5.25 Towing
See Graphic: wc_gr002581
Improper hookup and towing is dangerous and could result in injury or
death to yourself or others.
The towing connection must be rigid, or towing must be done by two
WARNING
machines of the same size or larger than the towed machine. Connect
a machine on each end of the towed machine.
Be sure that all necessary repairs and adjustments have been made
before a machine that has been towed to a service area, is put back
into operation.
These towing instructions are for moving a disabled machine for a
short distance at a low speed. Move the machine at a speed of 2 km/
h (1.2 mph) or less to a convenient location for repair. These
instructions are only for emergencies. Always haul the machine if
long distance moving is required.
Shielding must be provided on both machines. This will protect the
operator if the tow line or the tow bar breaks.
Do not allow an operator to be on the machine that is being towed
unless the operator can control the steering and/or the braking.
Before towing, make sure that the tow line or the tow bar is in good
condition. Make sure that the tow line or the tow bar has enough
strength for the towing procedure that is involved. The strength of the
towing line or the tow bar should be at least 150 percent of the gross
weight of the towing machine. This is true for a disabled machine that
is stuck in the mud and for towing on a grade.
Keep the tow line angle to a minimum. Do not exceed a 30 degree
angle from the straight ahead position.
Quick machine movement could overload the tow line or the tow bar.
This could cause the tow line or the tow bar to break. Gradual, steady
machine movement will be more effective.
Normally, the towing machine should be as large as the disabled
machine. Make sure that the towing machine has enough brake
capacity, enough weight, and enough power. The towing machine
must be able to control both machines for the grade that is involved
and for the distance that is involved.
You must provide sufficient control and sufficient braking when you are
moving a disabled machine downhill. This may require a large towing
machine or additional machines that are connected to the rear. This
will prevent the machine from rolling away out of control.
wc_tx000426gb.fm
74
RD 27
Maintenance
All situation requirements cannot be listed. Minimal towing machine
capacity is required on smooth, level surfaces. On inclines in poor
condition or on surfaces in poor condition, maximum towing capacity
is required.
Attach the towing device and machine before you release the brakes.
If the engine is running:
The machine can be towed for a short distance under certain
conditions. The power train and steering system must be operable.
The operator must steer the machine that is towed in the direction of
the tow line.
Ensure that all instructions in this section are followed carefully.
Ensure that all instructions in this section are followed exactly.
If the engine is stopped:
Shutting off the engine will result in the loss of machine steering.
WARNING
When the engine is stopped, additional steps may be required before
the machine is towed. In order to avoid damaging the power train, the
steering system, and the brakes, which may be inoperable, additional
steps may be required.
5.25.1
Block the drums in order to prevent the movement of the machine. Do
not remove the blocking until the tow vehicle has been positioned and
the tow lines are in place.
5.25.2
Manually release the parking brake. This will prevent excessive wear
and damage to the braking system when towing.
5.25.3
Turn the bypass valve (a) for two full turns in the counterclockwise
direction.
Note: Do not turn the bypass valve further than two turns. When the
bypass valve is turned further than two turns, oil will leak past the
bypass valve.
5.25.4
Attach the tow line to the machine at the tow points (b & c).
5.25.5
Attach the tow line to the vehicle that is used to tow the disabled
machine.
5.25.6
Remove the blocks from the drums.
5.25.7
Tow the disabled machine at a slow rate of speed to the desired
location.
5.25.8
Once the machine is at the desired location, securely block the drums.
This will prevent the movement of the machine.
5.25.9
Turn the bypass valve clockwise in order to tighten the bypass valve.
5.25.10 Manually re-engage the parking brake by fully releasing the two
release screws.
wc_tx000426gb.fm
75
Maintenance
RD 27
5.25.11 Detach the tow lines.
a
b
c
wc_gr002581
wc_tx000426gb.fm
76
RD 27
Maintenance
5.26 Manually Releasing Parking Brakes
See Graphic: wc_gr002290
There are two drive motors on the roller—one on each drum. Each
drive motor includes a parking brake that is spring activated and
hydraulically released (SAHR).
To manually release the brakes:
Note: Carry out procedure on both drums.
5.26.1
Chock each drum to prevent the machine from moving.
5.26.2
Lock the articulated steering joint.
5.26.3
Remove the plugs (a) in order to access the release screws.
5.26.4
Press and turn each release screw in until its threads catch in the brake
plate. Tighten each screw until the spring on each screw is fully
compressed. You will feel a substantial difference in the amount of
torque required to turn the screw once its spring is fully compressed.
Then, continue to tighten (turn clockwise) the two release screws to
compress the brake plate springs. Alternate back-and-forth between
the two screws, turning approximately 45° at a time, until the drums are
no longer held by the brake plate. The brake plate should release after
turning each screw approximately 120° total. To test if the brake is free,
manually turn the drum.
5.26.5
Replace the plugs (a).
Note: After repair, ensure that the releasing screws are back in the
normal operating position.
Note: Replacement drive motors come with the brakes in the ON
position.
a
wc_gr002290
wc_tx000426gb.fm
77
Maintenance
RD 27
5.27 Exhaust System and Engine Air Intake System
WARNING
Danger of burns. Only check the exhaust system when the engine is
cold.
•
Open the engine hood.
•
Check the exhaust pipes for leaks and holes.
•
Check the seal of the exhaust system gaskets for leaks.
•
Check the tightness of all retaining bolts.
•
Check that the air intake manifold does not leak.
5.28 Storage
If the vehicle is to remain idle for an extended period, the following
operations should be carried out:
•
Clean the machine.
•
Grease all grease fittings.
•
Change engine oil.
•
Follow the instructions in the diesel engine Instruction and
Maintenance manual.
•
If the vehicle will be parked outside:
•
•
Cover the machine or put the machine under shelter.
•
Remove the battery and protect it from freezing conditions.
•
Completely drain the diesel fuel tank and fuel hoses.
•
Completely drain the water tank, water filter, and the roller
sprinkling equipment.
If the vehicle will be parked inside in a controlled environment:
•
Completely drain the water tank, water filter, and the roller
sprinkling equipment.
•
Completely fill the fuel tank.
•
Check all fluid levels.
•
Periodically check battery charge.
•
The vehicle should be started and driven a short distance at least
once a month so that a thin layer of oil is maintained on the
various hydraulic and mechanical components; this ensures
adequate protection of transmission parts.
CAUTION: After a prolonged period of idleness, all filters must be
changed before the machine is returned to service.
wc_tx000426gb.fm
78
RD 27
Maintenance
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
PLUG
PLUG
307-OR-16
308-YL-16
PLUG
403-GN-16
405-GY-16
406-PU-16
777-PU-16
A990-BU-16
C924-YL-16
PLUG
TO SHEET 2
1
TO SHEET 2
384-BU-8
101-RD-6
304-WH-10
109-RD-6
TO SHEET 2
5.29 Electrical Schematics
Sheet 1 of 3
STARTER 304-WH-10
G
S
MTR BAT
RD-2
C924-YL-16
200-BK-16
1
2
DRUM VIB
SOLENOID 1
A990-BU-16
200-BK-16
1
2
VIB ON/OFF
SOLENOID
777-PU-16
200-BK-16
1
2
307-OR-16
200-BK-16
1
2
MOTOR
NEUTRAL/BRAKE
SOLENOID
RD-2
BK-00
RD-6
CABLE AS.
SEAT SWITCH
SOLENOID
CABLE AS.
NEG
CHASSIS
GROUND
POS
406-PU-16
T
BATTERY
COOL TEMP
SWITCH
200-BK-16
405-GY-16
OIL PRESSURE
SWITCH
200-BK-16
STRAP ASSEMBLY
CHASSIS
GROUND
200-BK-16
308-YL-16
200-BK-16
ENGINE
GROUND
GROUND
STRAP ASSEMBLY
384-BU-8
FRONT
CHASSIS
GROUND
REAR
CHASSIS
GROUND
ALTERNATOR
109-RD-6
B+ C 403-GN-16
GND
GLOW PLUGS
HARNESS ASSEMBLY—ENGINE
wc_gr002542
79
FUEL SHUTOFF
SOLENOID
RD 27
Maintenance
TO SHEET 3
Electrical Schematics
Sheet 2 of 3
VIB SWITCH
110-GN-16
121-YL-16
125-OR-16
200-BK-16
201-BK-16
306-GN-16
307-OR-16
308-YL-16
310-PU-16
322-GY-16
374-PK-16
403-GN-16
404-YL-16
405-GY-16
406-PU-16
PLUG
469-GN-16
PLUG
605-YL-16
606-GY-16
614-PU-16
619-GN-16
681-OR-16
777-PU-16
G736-PK-16
G797-BU-16
A893-OR-16
A990-BU-16
A990-BU-16
C906-PU-16
C922-BR-16
C924-YL-16
C927-PU-16
200-BK-16
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
112-PU-6
109-RD-10
102-RD-12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
TO SHEET 3
4
1
REVERSE
RH FRONT
TURN LIGHT
2
201-BK-16
614-PU-16
606-GY-16
G798-PU-16
RH FRONT
ROADING LIGHT
WORKING LIGHT
HORN
321-BR-16
121-YL-16
125-OR-16
A990-BU-16
374-PK-16
110-GN-16
125-OR-16
201-BK-16
NEUTRAL
5
83 6
2
5
4
1
3
6
SEAT
SWITCH
619-GN-16
2
1
C906-PU-16
204-BK-16
322-GY-16
201-BK-16
1
2
C906-PU-16
204-BK-16
1
2
HARNESS ASSSEMBLY—PLATFORM
614-PU-16
606-GY-16
RH REAR
TURN LIGHT
204-BK-16
102-RD-12
20A
LIGHT
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
321-BR-16
204-BK-16
G798-PU-16
203-BK-16
BACKUP
ALARM
1
2
101-RD-12
109-RD-6
109-RD-6
MOTOR
101-RD-6
60A
C922-BR-16
202-BK-16
ALTERNATOR
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
109-RD-10
BK-18
BK-18
109-RD-8
306-GN-16
202-BK-16
1
2
WATER
SPRAY
PUMP
A893-OR-16
204-BK-16
304-WH-10
START
RELAY
1
2
MOTOR
G736-PK-16
203-BK-16
1
2
G797-BU-16
203-BK-16
1
2
OIL COOLER
FAN MOTOR
384-BU-8
START AID
RELAY
BK-18
BK-18
310-PU-16
202-BK-16
1
2
T°
MAIN POWER
RELAY
109-RD-6
BK-16
BK-16
404-YL-16
203-BK-16
112-PU-6
1
2
OIL COOLER
TEMP SWITCH
(110°C)
HYD OIL
TEMP SWITCH
BK-16
BK-16
T°
308-YL-16
202-BK-16
ARC-SUPPRESSOR
C927-PU-16
203-BK-16
1
2
109-RD-8
109-RD-10
109-RD-6
FRAME GROUND
469-GN-16
203-BK-16
109-RD-10
BEACON
403-GN-16
405-GY-16
406-PU-16
777-PU-16
A990-BU-16
C924-YL-16
307-OR-16
308-YL-16
PLUG
204-BK-16
121-YL-16
605-YL-16
614-PU-16
WORKING
LIGHT
LH REAR
TURN LIGHT
204-BK-16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
304-WH-10
605-YL-16
614-PU-16
101-RD-6
201-BK-16
384-BU-8
LH FRONT
TURN
LIGHT
201-BK-16
109-RD-6
LH FRONT
ROADING LIGHT
WORKING LIGHT
681-OR-16
619-GN-16
TO SHEET 1
80
HARNESS ASSEMBLY— MAIN
wc_gr002543
RD 27
Maintenance
4
3
2
405-GY-16
123-WH-16
403-GN-16
404-YL-16
1
LIGHT SWITCH
102-RD-12
6
Electrical Schematics
Sheet 3 of 3
BRAKE SWITCH
X1
1
2
3
4
419-YL-16
F765-BR-16
X2
110-GN-16
HYD
TEMP
419-YL-16
200-BK-16
110-GN-16
ALT
123-WH-16
SIG
322-GY-16
-
200-BK-16
F427-PK-16
200-BK-16
A990-BU-16
6
+
200-BK-16
A541-PU-16
4
5
605-YL-16
3
SWITCH-HORN
ENG
TEMP
ENG
OIL
PRESS
KEY SWITCH
308-YL-16
PLUG
330-YL-16
105-RD-16
310-PU-16
PLUG
406-PU-16
HOURMETER
1
2
606-GY-16
605-YL-16
3
WARNING LIGHTS
TURNING VIB
SIGNAL LAMP
INDICATOR INDICATOR
1
537-GN-16
537-GN-16
2
606-GY-16
1
3
537-GN-16
C922-BR-16
C935-PU-16
118-GY-16
3
C924-YL-16
2
1
125-OR-16
2
HAZARD
SWITCH
403-GN-16
DRUM SELECT
TURN SIGNAL
SWITCH
SWITCH
WATER SPRAY
SWITCH
614-PU-16
R
1
2
3
4
5
6
A
C
S
B
OFF
ON
ST
START RELAY
619-GN-16
307-OR-16
330-YL-16
PLUG
306-GN-16
201-BK-16
1
2
F765-BR-16
419-YL-16
777-PU-16
PLUG
201-BK-16
1
2
C720-BU-16
419-YL-16
PLUG
419-YL-16
201-BK-16
1
2
3
4
5
WATER TIMER
FLASHER
GROUND
OUTPUT
IND LAMP
+ BATTERY
C935-PU-16
200-BK-16
C937-WH-16
3
4
5
201-BK-16
537-GN-16
A541-PU-16
108-BU-16
3
4
5
HOURMETER FUSE
F427-PK-16
WATER SPRAY FUSE
112-PU-10
10A
3
4
5
10A
10A
87A
30
87A
87
1
2
122-BU-16
122-BU-16
G736-PK-16
PLUG
G797-BU-16
1
2
110-GN-16
374-PK-16
C720-BU-16
307-OR-16
201-BK-16
1
2
3
4
5
30
87A
87
3
4
5
30
87
87A
NEUTRAL SWITCH RELAY
121-YL-16
CLUSTER/HORN FUSE
112-PU-10
87
SPRAY RELAY
C935-PU-16
C935-PU-16
PLUG
C922-BR-16
C937-WH-16
118-GY-16
BACKUP/BEACON FUSE
112-PU-10
30
FAN MOTOR RELAY
108-BU-16
10A
10A
87A
87
INTERLOCK 1 RELAY
1
2
FLASHER FUSE
112-PU-10
30
BRAKE 2 RELAY
F765-BR-16
307-OR-16
PLUG
307-OR-16
C906-PU-16
112-PU-10
87A
87
BRAKE 1 RELAY
681-OR-16
+ BATTERY
GROUND
OUTPUT
30
123-WH-16
3
4
5
30
87
87A
FAN MOTOR FUSE
112-PU-10
112-PU-10
15A
VIB FUSE
10A
122-BU-16
125-OR-16
BRAKE/NEUTRAL FUSE
112-PU-10
10A
110-GN-16
KEY SWITCH FUSE
102-RD-12
112-PU-6
110-GN-16
121-YL-16
125-OR-16
200-BK-16
201-BK-16
306-GN-16
307-OR-16
308-YL-16
310-PU-16
322-GY-16
374-PK-16
403-GN-16
404-YL-16
405-GY-16
406-PU-16
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
605-YL-16
606-GY-16
614-PU-16
619-GN-16
681-OR-16
777-PU-16
G736-PK-16
G797-BU-16
PLUG
A990-BU-16
A990-BU-16
C906-PU-16
C922-BR-16
C924-YL-16
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
PLUG
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
105-RD-16
109-RD-10
10A
1
109-RD-10
TO SHEET 2
TO SHEET 2
81
HARNESS ASSEMBLY—INSTRUMENT
wc_gr002544
RD 27
Maintenance
L
-6
-6
FRONT
MOTOR VIB.
8.4 cc
R
5.30 Hydraulic Schematic
Sheet 1 of 1
REAR
MOTOR VIB.
8.4 cc
-4
-4
-8
-6
-8
-8
VIBRATION
VALVE
A
-8
-8
B
-8
-8
-8
C
D
DRUM VIB.
SOLENOID 1
3B
-6
3A
STEER CYLINDER
P
-6
-6
2A
250 BARS
T
-8
P
-8
-6
-6
SEAT SWITCH
ATTACHMENT
150 BARS
M
STEER CONTROL
UNIT
100 cc
130 BARS
100 BARS
2B
VIB. ON/OFF
SOLENOID
T
OIL
COOLER
-8
CHARGE
FILTER
-8
-12
-16
3.5 BARS
SEAT SWITCH
SOLENOID
CF
STEER/CHARGE PUMP
8.1 cc
2370 RPM
-6
PROPEL PUMP
2800 RPM
22 cc
VIBRATION PUMP
10.8 cc
2950 RPM
-6
-6
-6
M1
a
b
P
-8
CONTROL GP
-8
-8
-8
STRAINER
NEUTRAL BRAKE
SOLENOID
Ø1.2
FRONT PROPEL
MOTOR
408 cc
A
0.8
a
350 bars
350 bars
-6
L1
0.8
T
P
REAR PROPEL
MOTOR
408 cc
b
24 bars
B
M2
L2
S
wc_gr002545
82
KE40246P2
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3:16 PM
Page i
SAFETY ALERT SYMBOL
This Safety Alert Symbol means
ATTENTION is involved!
Why is SAFETY important to YOU?
The Safety Alert Symbol identifies important safety
messages on machines, safety signs, in manuals, or
elsewhere.When you see this symbol, be alert to
the possibility of personal injury or death. Follow
the instructions in the safety message.
3 BIG REASONS :
• Accidents KILL or DISABLE
• Accidents COST
• Accidents CAN BE AVOIDED
NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
AEM Safety Manuals are protected as a copyrighted work with
ownership duly registered with the Copyright Office, Washington,
D.C. Any reproduction, translation, decompiling or other use of an
AEM Safety Manual, or portion thereof, or the creation of deriv-
ative works based on an AEM Safety Manual, without the prior written approval of AEM, is expressly prohibited. Copyright infringement can result in civil and criminal sanctions, damages and other
penalties being imposed.
Copyright © 1978 AEM (Association of Equipment Manufacturers)
Former Copyright © CIMA (Construction Industry Manufacturer Association)
Revised 6/02, 9/04
WORD OF EXPLANATION................................................................................
2
FOREWORD..........................................................................................................
4
A WORD TO THE USER ......................................................................................
5
FOLLOW A SAFETY PROGRAM ......................................................................
6
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION....................................................................
9
START SAFELY....................................................................................................15
KE40246P2
6/9/05
3:16 PM
WORK SAFELY ..................................................................................................
18
PARK & SHUTDOWN SAFELY ......................................................................
23
LOAD & UNLOAD MACHINE SAFELY ........................................................
25
TRANSPORTING SAFELY ..............................................................................
26
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY ............................................................
28
SPECIAL OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS................
43
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE ............................................................................
47
A FINAL WORD TO THE USER ......................................................................
48
Page 2
1
WORD OF EXPLANATION
The following is a partial list of reference material on safe operating practices:
U.S. Department of Labor publishes safety and
health regulations and standards under the
authority of the Occupational Safety and Health Act
for the general construction and mining industries.
Its address is: U.S. Department of Labor, 200
Constitution Avenue, NW,Washington, DC 20210.
2
SAE - Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400
Commonwealth Drive,Warrendale, PA 15096,
publishes a list, "Operator Precautions," SAE J153
MAY, 1987.
Association of Equipment Manufacturers,
111 East Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee,WI USA
53202, publishes the Roller Compactor Safety
Manual and other safety-related material.
WORD OF EXPLANATION
This Safety Manual covers many different types of
roller compactors … including steel wheel rollers,
vibratory rollers, rubber-tired rollers, segmented
pad/sheepsfoot soil compactors and landfill
compactors.These may be either self-propelled
ride-on, walk-behind or towed rollers.They may be
used for the compaction of asphalt, soil, landfill or
other materials. Excluded from coverage are
vibratory plates and hand rammers.
Regardless of which machine you operate, it is
YOUR responsibility to study and understand this
Safety Manual, and to see that a copy remains
with your machine.The manual begins with your
“safety homework,” takes you step-by-step
through your working day, and ends with
maintenance operations.
KE40246P2
6/9/05
3:16 PM
Manufacturers produce machines with many
built-in safety features. Employers provide
accident prevention programs.Yet, the ultimate
responsibility to operate and maintain your
machine with the skill, care and knowledge
essential for safety is YOURS.
Do not operate your machine until you have been
trained in the use of all operating controls and
understand the handling characteristics of the
machine.
REMEMBER — SAFETY … YOURS AND THAT OF
THOSE AROUND YOU … IS UP TO YOU!
Page 4
3
FOREWORD
This safety manual is intended to point out some of
the basic situations which may be encountered
during the normal operation and maintenance of
your machine, and to suggest possible ways of
dealing with these conditions.
Additional precautions may be necessary, depending
on application, machine type, configuration and
attachments used, and conditions at the work-site
or in the maintenance area.The manufacturer has no
direct control over machine application, operation,
inspection, lubrication or maintenance.Therefore, it
is your responsibility to use good safe practices in
these areas.
The information provided in this manual supplements
the specific information about your machine that is
contained in the manufacturer's manual(s). Other
information which may affect the safe operation of
your machine may be contained on safety signs, or in
insurance requirements, employer's safety programs,
safety codes, local, state/provincial and federal laws,
rules and regulations.
4
If you do not understand any of this information, or
if errors or contradictions seem to exist, consult with
your supervisor before operating your machine.
IMPORTANT: If you do not have the
manufacturer's manual(s) for your particular
machine, get a replacement manual from your
employer, equipment dealer, or manufacturer
of your machine. Keep this safety manual and
the manufacturer's manual(s) with your
machine.
Unauthorized modifications of machines create
hazards. Machines should not be modified or altered
unless prior approval is obtained from the manufacturer.
A WORD TO THE USER
It is your responsibility to read and understand this
safety manual and the manufacturer's manual(s)
before operating your machine.This safety manual
takes you step-by-step through your working day.
Remember that YOU are the key to safety. Good
safety practices not only protect you but also
protect the people around you. Study this manual
and the manufacturer's manual(s) for your specific
machine. Make them a working part of your safety
program. Keep in mind that this safety manual is
written for only this type of machine. Practice all
other usual and customary safe working precautions,
and above all — (FIG. 1)
REMEMBER — SAFETY IS UP TO YOU
YOU CAN PREVENT
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
KE40246P2
6/9/05
3:16 PM
Page 6
5
FOLLOW A SAFETY PROGRAM
KNOW THE RULES
Every employer is concerned about safety. Safe
operation and proper maintenance of your machine
can prevent accidents. KNOW the rules — LIVE by
them. (FIG. 2)
When starting work at a new site, check with the
designated safety coordinator for specific safety
instructions. DON’T LEARN SAFETY THE HARD
WAY.
Know the meaning of all hand signals, signal flags,
signs and markings.
Know the traffic rules used at the work site. Know
who the signal person is; watch and obey their signals.
Know where the fire extinguishers and first aid kits
are kept and how to use them. Know where to get
proper aid and assistance when needed.
Use common sense to avoid accidents. If an
accident does occur, be prepared to react to it
quickly and effectively. NEVER PANIC.
Know how to use the emergency communications
system to summon help when necessary.
6
FOLLOW A SAFETY PROGRAM
KNOW WHAT IT IS?
Consult your supervisor for specific instructions on
a job, and the personal safety equipment required.
For instance, you may need:
• Hard Hat
• Safety Shoes
• Eye Protection
• Face Protection
• Heavy Gloves
• Reflector Vests
• Hearing Protection
• Respirators
Do not wear loose clothing or any accessory —
flopping cuffs, untied shoelaces, dangling neckties
and scarves, rings, wrist watches, or other jewelry
— that can catch on protruding or moving parts or
controls. Long hair should be securely bound to
prevent entanglement with moving parts. (FIG. 3)
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7
FOLLOW A SAFETY PROGRAM
BE ALERT!
BE AWARE!
Know where to get assistance. Know how to use a
first aid kit and fire extinguisher or fire suppression
system. (FIG. 4)
Take advantage of training programs offered.
Safety programs require that one person at each
jobsite be assigned the overall responsibility and
authority for safety. Know who that person is,
and COMMUNICATE.
Know what the jobsite rules are, and FOLLOW THE
RULES. Be safety conscious, responsible and reliable.
Think about safety BEFORE something happens.
Report unsafe conditions to a supervisor immediately!
BE CAREFUL!
Human error is caused by many factors:
carelessness, fatigue, overload, preoccupation,
incompatibility between operator and the machine,
drugs, and alcohol to name a few. Eliminate these
factors BEFORE accidents occur. Damage to the
machine can be fixed in a short period of time, but
injury, or death has a lasting effect.
FOR YOUR SAFETY AND SAFETY OF
OTHERS, ENCOURAGE YOUR FELLOW
WORKERS TO ACT SAFELY.
8
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
LEARN TO BE SAFE
READ the operator’s manual. If one has not been
provided, GET ONE AND STUDY IT BEFORE
OPERATING THE MACHINE. If you have any
questions contact the manufacturer.
Know the positions and understand the functions
of all controls before attempting to operate a
machine. Know the meaning of all identification
symbols on your controls and gauges. (FIG. 5)
Know the location of the emergency shut-down
control if the machine is so equipped.
Know the capabilities and limitations of the
machine … such as speed, breaking and steering.
Know the operational and transport dimensions
of your machine to avoid inadvertently hitting
something during operation or transporting.
Carefully read and follow the instructions on all
safety signs on the machine. Keep safety signs in
good condition. Replace missing or damaged
safety signs.
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NEVER operate a machine which is new to you
without first being instructed in its proper operation.
CHECK IT OUT!
Always conduct a pre-shift inspection before operating
any machine. Know what safety devices your machine
is equipped with … and see that each item is securely
in place and in operating condition. (FIG. 6)
For example:
• Safety Blocks and Locks
• Other Locking Devices
• Lights
• Alarms
• Horn
• Guards and Shields
• Shut-Down Devices
• First Aid Kit
• Fire Extinguishers
Page 10
9
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
TIRES
KNOW YOUR MACHINE
Inspect pneumatic tires (if so equipped) for
damage, wear, and proper inflation. Never operate
with over-inflated or under-inflated tires. (FIG. 7)
Never operate a machine for which you are not
trained or qualified.
Check that all wheel lug nuts are present and tight.
NEVER START OR OPERATE A MACHINE
KNOWN OR SUSPECTED TO BE DEFECTIVE
OR MALFUNCTIONING.
Familiarize yourself with pedals, controls and
instruments – their locations and function.
To handle controls without slipping, wipe them
clean of oil and grease.
Remove tools, supplies and other materials from
the working areas and machine walkways – and
keep these areas free of trash.
Make sure the items you do carry are not loose
or in the way.
ARE REPAIRS MADE?
If your daily check uncovers any item that needs
attention – repair, replacement, or adjustment –
report it to your supervisor and tag the machine
on the start switch and/or other appropriate,
prominent location. A minor malfunction could
be a sign of a more serious problem if the
machine is operated.
10
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
FIRE PREVENTION
Never allow flammable fluids or materials to
contact hot surfaces.
Because ether or other starting fluids are flammable,
do not smoke when using them. Always follow the
instructions on the container and in the operator’s
manual for your machine. (See page 19.)
Never refuel:
• When engine is running
• While smoking
• Near open flames or sparks
• In poorly ventilated area
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep open flame
or sparks away. See the manufacturer’s instructions
when servicing the batteries, when using jumper
cables or when using a battery charger. (See pages
36 and 37.)
Never overfill fuel tank or fluid reservoirs.
Clean up spills immediately.
Remove all trash or debris from the machine. Make
sure that oily rags or other flammable material are
not stored on the machine. (FIG. 8)
Replace fuel cap securely after filling.
Check for fuel, oil and hydraulic fluid leaks.
Replace worn or damaged hoses/tubes. After
repairs are made, clean the machine before you
operate it.
Inspect electrical wiring for worn or damaged
insulation. Install new wiring if wires are damaged.
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Page 12
11
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
PREPARING TO ROAD THE MACHINE
Know what conditions you will likely encounter:
• Insufficient clearances
• Traffic congestion
• Type of surface
• Steep grades
• Restricted visibility
Determine appropriate warnings to be used. (FIG. 9)
Know whether you will need to be escorted.
If the machine is to travel on a road or highway,
refer to the manufacturer’s manual(s) for instructions.
Become familiar with local laws and ordinances affecting
driving on highways. Use “slow moving vehicle” emblem.
Make sure flags, lights, and warning signs are in place.
12
Select the proper gear before negotiating steep
grades. (FIG. 10)
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
Before starting, carefully inspect your machine for
any evidence of physical damage such as cracking,
bending or deformation of plates or welds. Check for
cracking or flaking of paint, which may indicate an
excessive strain or dangerous crack in the material
below. Check for loose, broken or missing parts such
as Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) support
brackets, vibration isolators, and nuts and bolts. If
potentially serious problems are found, do not
operate the machine until appropriate repairs are
completed.
A stalled or faltering engine can result in a real
hazard when operating on grades, in traffic or in
heavily congested areas.
NEVER smoke when checking fuel level or refueling.
Check the level of all fluids … brake, transmission,
power steering, engine coolant, hydraulic system, and
others. Fill low reservoirs only to the proper level.
Check the various systems (hydraulic, cooling, etc.)
for leaks. (FIG. 11) Inspect all plugs, filler caps and
fittings for tell-tale signs of leaks. ALWAYS use a
flashlight or shielded trouble light when checking …
Never an open flame. Repair any leaks, or have them
repaired by authorized service personnel. (See pages
28 through 42 for additional service cautions.)
Check the fuel level and, if low, fill the tank with the
proper grade of clean fuel before extended operation
(following the instructions on page 34).
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Page 14
13
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
BE SURE THE WORK AREA IS SAFE
Before beginning operation, thoroughly check the
area for any unusual conditions that could be
dangerous. (FIG. 12) Check for hidden holes,
drop-offs or overhead obstacles that could be
dangerous. Check the clearance under overhead
power and phone lines. LOOK UP AS WELL AS
DOWN.
Be observant of other workmen, bystanders and
other machines in the area. Be especially careful if
trenches, lightpoles, tiles, buildings, etc. are within
the effective range of a vibratory compactor.
IMPROPER OPERATION COULD RESULT IN
DAMAGE OR INJURY.
Remember, the danger of sliding and/or tipping on
steep slopes is always present … regardless of
how heavy or “stable” your machine may appear to
be.When operating under these conditions, the
use of ROPS and seat belts reduces the hazard to
operating personnel.
FIG. 12
14
START SAFELY
Walk around your machine once more just prior to
mounting it – checking for people and objects that
might be in the way – then MOUNT PROPERLY
USING STEPS AND HANDHOLDS PROVIDED.
Always use seat belts if your machine is equipped
with a ROPS.
Just before starting, check all controls … such as
forward and reverse, steering, transmission and
throttle to be sure they are in the correct start-up
position. (FIG. 13) The parking brake should be
applied during the start-up operation.
Check for proper functioning of all operating and
shut-down controls.
START CORRECTLY
Know the PROPER starting procedure for your
machine. Follow the manufacturer’s operation
manual … to the letter.
Then, start your engine.
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Page 16
15
START SAFELY
IMMEDIATELY AFTER STARTING
THE ENGINE …
• Observe gauges, instruments, and warning lights to
ensure that they are functioning and their readings
are within the normal operating range. (FIG. 14)
• Be sure work area is safe for test operation of the
various controls and attachments.
• Operate all controls: make certain they operate
properly, and “feel” right. Accustom yourself to the
“feel” of your machine.
• Listen for any unusual noises; smell for any unusual
odors; look for any signs of trouble.
• Check all warning and safety devices and
indicators.
• If safety-related defects or malfunctions are
detected, shut down the machine. Correct it, or
notify your supervisor. DO NOT OPERATE
UNTIL CORRECTED.
Check operation of service and parking brakes on
level ground if possible.
Check service brakes (including hydrostatic brakes,
if so equipped) in both forward and reverse
operation (FIG. 15) ACCORDING TO THE
MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS.
16
If an unsafe condition cannot be remedied
immediately, notify your supervisor and tag the
machine on the start switch and/or other
appropriate, prominent location. (See page 28 for
Lockout/Tagout procedure.) No machine
should be operated if any part is not in safe
operating condition. Make certain that any unsafe
condition has been satisfactorily remedied.
START SAFELY
COLD WEATHER OPERATION
BOOSTER CABLE INSTRUCTIONS
Consult the engine manufacturer’s operation manual
for proper cold weather starting procedure.
1. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of
discharged battery.
When using cold weather starting aids, be sure to
follow the engine manufacturer’s instructions.
(FIG. 16)
2. Connect other end of same cable to same marked
post of booster battery.
After starting, operate all systems slowly and gently
until properly warmed up.
3. Connect negative (-) cable to other post of
booster battery.
4. Make final connection on stalled vehicle away from
battery, either on vehicle frame or engine block.
5. Start vehicle and remove cables in reverse order
of connection.
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Page 18
17
WORK SAFELY
REMEMBER THESE RULES
When roading or operating a machine, always stay
in the operator’s station. NEVER mount or dismount
a machine that is moving. Maintain control of your
machine at all times.
ALWAYS operate your machine slowly until fully
familiarized with it’s operation.
Constantly check your total work area for
potential hazards.
Never JUMP on or off your machine. Use the steps
and handholds provided to mount or dismount
safely. Maintain three point contact when mounting
or dismounting.(FIG. 17)
• Never use controls or levers as hand holds.
• Never jump off the machine.
Look, listen and smell for possible malfunctions. If
malfunctioning controls or erratic operation are
detected, correct or report them immediately.
DO NOT OPERATE THE MACHINE UNTIL
CORRECTED.
Prevent asphyxiation. If you must operate in a
building or other enclosed area, or if your
machine is equipped with an enclosed cab, be certain there is adequate ventilation.
Use extra care when refueling. (See page 34 for
special precautions.)
18
WORK SAFELY
For maximum safety on machines with more than
one operator’s position, operate from the position
giving the greatest visibility of potential hazards.
NEVER allow unqualified or unauthorized personnel
to operate your machine.
NEVER allow other personnel to ride on your
machine unless appropriate seating is provided …
and then only if authorized to do so.
NEVER abuse your machine. Misuse or abuse can
cause an accident.
NEVER enter or place any part of your body in the
“hinge area” or other “pinch” areas of an articulated
machine while the engine is running, or when there is
any chance another person might start the machine.
(FIG. 18)
Give the right-of-way to loaded equipment on haul
roads. Maintain a safe distance from personnel, motor
vehicles and other machines.
Your safety, and the safety of those around you, is
determined by the care and judgment YOU use while
operating your machine.
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Page 20
19
WORK SAFELY
WORKING ON SLOPES
When working on slopes, avoid sidehill travel
whenever possible … rather operate up and down
the slope. (FIG. 19 & 20) Remember the danger of
sliding and/or tipping on steep slopes is always
present … regardless of how heavy or “stable” your
machine may appear to be.
ALWAYS use seat belts IF your machine is equipped
with a ROPS.
NEVER allow the engine or machine to overspeed.
When climbing or descending steep grades, ALWAYS
select the proper gear BEFORE starting on the slope,
to assure adequate power or engine breaking.
If your machine has a gear shift, select a low gear.
If your machine has a hydrostatic drive, the speed
control should be in the slow travel position, close
to neutral … NEVER in the fully displaced position.
On machines that have a gear shift AND a hydrostatic
control, BOTH controls must be in their slow travel
position.
ALWAYS be sure that manually operated gear type
transmissions are fully engaged BEFORE starting onto
a grade. DO NOT attempt to change the gear selection
while traveling on a grade. See the manufacturer’s
manual for specific instructions.
20
WORK SAFELY
Avoid operating your machine too close to an
overhang, deep ditch or hole. If your machine
inadvertently gets close to a tipping condition
or drop-off, STOP and get off the machine
after applying the parking brake … plan your
moves carefully before proceeding. Reversal is
often the best move.
Be alert to potential caving edges, falling rocks
and slides.
Check for overhead obstacles that could be
dangerous. LOOK UP AS WELL AS DOWN.
(FIG. 21)
Be alert to obstacles and excessively rough
terrain. Back away from them and go around.
Always travel slowly over rough terrain and
hillsides. Maintain a speed consistent with the
working conditions.
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21
WORK SAFELY
When traveling on a public road, obey all traffic
regulations and be sure that the proper clearance
flags, lights and warning signs … such as the “slow
moving vehicle” emblem … are used. (FIG. 22)
NEVER speed … and NEVER coast in neutral.
When roading the machine know your approximate stopping distance at any given speed.
22
NEVER turn corners at excessively high speeds.
(FIG. 23)
Always look in all directions before reversing
your direction of travel.
Use EXTRA caution when working in close
quarters or when traveling through congested
areas. Courtesy pays off.
PARK AND SHUT DOWN SAFELY
PARK SAFELY
Park in an off the road area, out of traffic, or as
instructed. If necessary to park in a traffic lane, use
the appropriate flags, barriers, flares, lights and
warning signals. Provide advance warning signals in
the traffic lane to warn approaching traffic.
Park on level ground whenever possible. (FIG. 25)
When not possible, position the machine at right
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3:17 PM
angles to the slope. Make sure the machine is on a
firm footing, and that there is no danger of sliding.
Do NOT leave your machine until you are sure it is
safely blocked in both directions and parking
brakes firmly applied. (FIG. 24)
Lower the blade and all other hydraulically
operated attachments (if so equipped ) to the
ground.
Page 24
23
PARK AND SHUT DOWN SAFELY
SHUT DOWN PROPERLY
Know the proper shut-down procedure for your
machine. As with the starting procedure, this varies
with the type and model of machine.
Follow the manufacturer’s operation manual for
YOUR machine. Remove the key(s) to prevent
unauthorized starting and movement, and position
and lock any antivandalism devices.
DISMOUNT PROPERLY
NEVER dismount from your machine until it is fully
stopped and the engine is shut off.
NEVER jump off your machine. (FIG. 26) After
stopping, use the steps and handholds provided to
dismount safely. Maintain three point contact when
dismounting.
24
LOAD AND UNLOAD MACHINE SAFELY
Loading and unloading machines always involves
potential hazards. EXTREME CAUTION SHOULD
BE USED.
Know the correct loading and unloading procedures
for your machine.
All machines are not loaded and unloaded the
same way.The procedures recommended by the
manufacturer should always be followed.
• The ramp surface must provide adequate traction.
Be sure the surface is clean and free of grease,
oil, ice, and loose material.
• The hauling vehicle should be blocked to prevent
movement during loading or unloading of the
machine.
• For proper tie-down instructions, see the
manufacturer’s manual.
Several precautions are applicable to all machines:
• NEVER load or unload machine by yourself.
• Keep all non-essential personnel clear of loading
and unloading area.
• Load and unload on a level surface.
• ALWAYS use ramps of adequate size and strength.
Be sure ramps are sufficiently wide, and long
enough to provide a safe loading slope.
• NEVER use ramps that are cracked, damaged, or
of questionable strength. (FIG. 27)
• Be sure that the ramps are securely positioned
and fastened, and that the two sides are at the
same level as one another.
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Page 26
25
TRANSPORTING SAFELY
GENERAL
When towing a machine on a trailer, or a machine
equipped with “portability or transport wheels”,
ALWAYS use a hauling vehicle of sufficient weight,
horsepower and braking capacity to maintain
proper control.
NEVER attempt to tow a trailer or machine if the
hitching devices are of insufficient or questionable
capacity, improperly matched in size or shape, or
positioned at improper heights.
When towing a machine equipped with portability
or transport wheels, ALWAYS follow the
manufacturer’s towing instructions.
BEFORE TOWING
When connecting a trailer to a hauling vehicle,
block under the trailer’s tongue before attempting
to make the connection. NEVER attempt to lift
heavy tongues or move heavy trailers by hand.
NEVER get any part of your body under the
tongue when hitching or unhitching.
26
ALWAYS make sure the hitch is properly and
securely locked.
ALWAYS use safety chains between the hauling
vehicle and tailer or towed machine. Be sure the
chains are properly and securely connected … at
BOTH ends. Cross the chains under the tongue
when connecting to the hauling vehicle.
ALWAYS make sure electrical and other
connections between the hauling vehicle and trailer
or towed machine are properly and securely made.
After connecting, check the lights for proper
operation. If the towed trailer or machine is
equipped with brakes operable from the hauling
vehicle, check to make sure they are operating
properly.
ALWAYS be sure the portability or transport
wheels, on machines so equipped, are LOCKED
in the lowered position.
Check ALL tires for proper pressure, excessive
or abnormal wear, and potentially dangerous cuts,
bruises or bulges. Have any problems corrected
before proceeding.
TRANSPORTING SAFELY
TOWING
ALWAYS use EXTRA care when towing a trailer or
machine… when maneuvering in tight places, when backing
(visibility is reduced, and jackknifing must be avoided), and
when towing on steep grades.
Know and obey all local, state and federal laws and
regulations.
NEVER travel at speeds above those recommended by
the manufacturer.
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NEVER allow anyone to ride on a trailer or towed
machine. (FIG. 28)
When necessary to disconnect and park a trailer or
towed machine, ALWAYS select a location that is level
and, if possible, one where children are unlikely to be
present. BEFORE disconnecting a trailer, chock the front
AND rear of the wheels, and block under the tongue.
See pages 23 through 24 for parking, shut-down
procedures and roading machine for transport.
Page 28
27
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
GENERAL
Maintenance work can be hazardous if not done in
a careful manner. All personnel should realize the
hazards and strictly follow safe practices.
NEVER perform any work on the equipment unless
authorized to do so. (FIG. 29) Before performing any
maintenance or repair work, consult the Instruction
Manual. Follow the manufacturer’s recommended
procedures.
BEFORE any maintenance work is begun, review
LOCKOUT/TAGOUT procedures. LOCKOUT
controls and/or energy source and place a warning
label to alert workers of shutdown.
PRIOR to removal of LOCKOUT/TAGOUT, the
equipment must be fully operational and all personnel
accounted for. Except in cases of emergency, the
removal of the LOCKOUT/ TAGOUT should be done
by the initiating person prior to the return to start-up.
BEFORE doing any major work, or work on the
electrical system, disconnect the batteries.
REPLACE all missing or broken guards and panels.
USE proper nonflammable cleaning solvents. Follow
solvent manufacturer’s instructions.
ALWAYS remove all flammable materials in the
vicinity of welding and/or burning operations.
28
BURNING OR WELDING in the vicinity of acoustical
material may release hazardous fumes.
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
CLOTHING AND PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE ITEMS
machinery. (FIG. 31) Heavy gloves should be worn
for many operations.
Keep hands and clothing well away from engine
fan and moving parts while engine is running.
EXHAUST FUMES
ALWAYS wear appropriate safety glasses, goggles
or face shield when working. (FIG. 30) Proper eye
protection can keep flying particles from grinding,
drilling or hammering operations, or fluids such as
fuel, solvents, lubricants and brake fluids, from
damaging your eyes. Normal glasses do NOT
provide adequate protection.
Engine exhaust fumes can cause sickness or death.
If it is necessary to run an engine in an enclosed
area, use an exhaust pipe extension. If you do not
have an exhaust pipe extension, be positive the area
is adequately ventilated. (FIG. 32)
ALWAYS wear a hard hat and safety shoes. (FIG. 30)
ALWAYS wear hearing protectors when exposed to
high noise levels for extended periods. ALWAYS wear
a respirator when painting or exposed to dusty
conditions. ALWAYS keep your pockets free of
loose objects which can fall out and drop into
HEAVY PARTS
HEAVY PARTS
Handle tools and heavy parts sensibly – with regard
for yourself and other persons. Lower items – don’t
throw or drop them.
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Page 30
ALWAYS use proper hoisting equipment for lifting
heavy loads.
29
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
• Keep machine in proper adjustment at all times.
• Before working in the pivot or “pinch” area of an
Serious injury could result if adjustments are
neglected.
articulated machine, securely attach the steering
frame lock to prevent the machine from turning.
(FIG. 33) Enter this area only when necessary.
• Whenever possible, AVOID working on a machine
with the engine running. If the engine must be run
to make checks or adjustments, put the transmission
in neutral, set the parking brake and chock the
drum and wheels securely ... front and rear ... to
prevent movement in either direction.
• Personnel can be caught by moving parts when the
guards are removed for access in making repairs.
A repair or maintenance job is not complete until
guards, plates and other safety devices have been
replaced.
• NEVER put your fingers in open gears or reach
through the spokes of a gear.
• Before working on the fuel system, close the fuel
shut-off valve. NEVER smoke or use open flames
near the machine while working on the fuel system.
• Remove and store all tools before resuming
operation.
30
• Connect any other safety locks provided before
proceeding with the work.
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
Before beginning welding or burning operations, drain
fuel lines and tank and move all flammable material to a
safe distance, and be certain a fire extinguisher is readily
available.When welding fuel tanks, either gasoline OR
diesel, ALWAYS drain the tank, fill with water, and leave
cap off during the welding operation.
All guards, plates and other safety devices must
be properly replaced before the machine is
returned to service or serious injury to you or other
personnel may result.
AVOID burning or welding near acoustical material
whenever possible, as hazardous fumes may be
released. If unavoidable, make sure the area is adequately
ventilated, and that a fire extinguisher is ready available.
ALWAYS use authorized replacement parts that meet
the machine manufacturer’s specifications.
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JACKING AND BLOCKING
ALWAYS lower all movable attachments to the ground
or to their lowest position before servicing a machine.
If a machine must be raised for servicing or repairs,
ALWAYS block the machine securely. Use axle stands or
other rigid supports of ample capacity. NEVER rely solely
on the jacks for support. If necessary to work under a
machine, be absolutely certain it is adequately supported.
(FIG. 34)
WARNING: Never use concrete blocks for
supports.They can collapse under even light loads.
When jacking up a machine, use a SUITABLE jack,
placed in the proper position, on a solid foundation.
Before working on a machine, chock the drum and
wheels securely … front and rear … in such a manner
as to prevent movement in EITHER direction. Securely
attach the steering frame lock to prevent the machine
from turning.
Page 32
31
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
FIRE PREVENTION
Whenever possible use a nonflammable solvent to
clean parts. Do not use gasoline or other fluids that
give off harmful vapors.
If flammable fluids, such as diesel fuel, must be used,
extinguish open flames or sparks and do not smoke.
Store dangerous fluids in a suitable place, in approved
containers which are clearly marked. NEVER smoke
in areas where flammable fluids are used or stored.
(FIG. 35)
Use proper nonflammable cleaning solvents. Follow
solvent manufacturer’s instructions for use.
Always remove all flammable material in the vicinity
of welding and/or burning operations.
ALWAYS keep the floor in the work area clean and
dry. Oily, greasy floors can easily lead to falls. Wet
spots, especially near electrical equipment, can be
hazardous. (FIG. 35)
Know where fire extinguishers are kept – how they
operate – and for what type of fire they are intended.
Check readiness of any fire detectors and fire
suppression systems.
32
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
FIRE PREVENTION CHECKLIST (FIG. 36)
• Remove debris such as rags, coal dust, oil, leaves,
pine needles.
• Check and repair fuel and hydraulic leaks.
• Check and repair damaged wiring.
• Prevent hose and electrical wire harness
abrasion.
• Tighten loose clamps and fittings.
• Secure loose wiring.
• Make sure guards and protective covers are
in place.
• Make sure fire extinguisher is available and
operable.
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33
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
REFUELING (FIG. 37)
Precautions
• Do not start engine until fuel cap is secured to
When refueling, the following precautions must be
followed:
• ALWAYS make sure fuel, oil, hydraulic fluid and water
• Add proper type and grade of fuel only when
machine is not running and machine is parked with
no one in the cab.
• Fuel in a well-ventilated area.
• Turn off all electrical switches.
• Turn off cab heaters.
• Open lights, lighted smoking materials, flames, or
spark producing devices shall be kept at a safe
distance while refueling.
• Keep fuel nozzle in contact with tank being filled,
or provide a ground to prevent static sparks from
igniting fuel.
• Do not spill fuel on hot surfaces.
• Any spillage shall be cleaned immediately.
34
the fuel tank and people are clear of the machine.
are added to their proper tanks.
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
SERVICING COOLING SYSTEM
When checking coolant level:
• Stop the engine and let the engine and radiator
cool before checking. (FIG. 38)
If an overheated engine requires a shutdown:
• Wait for the radiator to cool. The hot
pressurized coolant can cause burn injuries. Never
add coolant to an overheated system.
• Overheating is a symptom of trouble. Stop
the engine and have the trouble corrected before
serious damage occurs.
• If it is necessary to check an overheated engine
use a heavy cloth, gloves, heavy clothing and safety
glasses or goggles to protect yourself. Stand to
the side, turn your face away, and slightly loosen
the cap.Wait until the sound stops before
removing the cap.
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35
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
SERVICING BATTERIES
Always wear safety glasses and gloves when
working with batteries.
BOOSTER CABLE INSTRUCTIONS (FIG. 39)
1.Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of
discharged battery.
Before removing a battery, turn off all electrical
equipment, then disconnect the negative (-)
battery cable first. Before installing a battery,
turn off all electrical equipment, then connect
the positive (+) battery cable first.
2.Connect other end of same cable to same
marked post of booster battery.
To prevent sparking at the posts when using
a battery charger, always turn the charger off or
disconnect it from its power source before
connecting or disconnecting charger leads to
battery posts. Caps on all cells should be left
on and the vent caps would be covered with
a wet cloth.
4.Make final connection on stalled vehicle away
from battery, either on vehicle frame or
engine block.
Do not short across the battery terminals.
The spark could ignite the gases.
36
3.Connect negative (-) cable to other post of
booster battery.
5.Start vehicle and remove cables in reverse
order of connection.
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
BATTERY SERVICING
To prevent a battery explosion: (Fig. 40)
• Maintain the electrolyte at the recommended
level. Check level frequently. Add distilled
water to batteries only before starting up, never
when shutting down.With electrolyte at the
proper level, less space is available for gases to
accumulate in the battery.
• Use a flashlight to check the electrolyte level.
Never use a flame. (Fig. 41)
• Do not short across the battery terminals.
The spark could ignite the gases.
Battery acid will burn skin, eat holes in clothing,
and may cause blindness if splashed into eyes. If
you spill acid on yourself flush skin immediately
with lots of water. Apply baking soda to help neutralize the acid. If acids gets in your eyes, flush
immediately with large amounts of water and
seek proper medical treatment immediately.
When servicing batteries, remember that a
lead-acid storage battery generates (when charging
or discharging) hydrogen and oxygen – a very
explosive mixture. A spark of flame could ignite
these gases.
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37
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS
NOTE: Hydraulic Systems have “special features”.
Some of the features affecting your safety are listed
below.
Pressure can be maintained in hydraulic and air
circuits long after the engine has been shut down.
This pressure can cause hydraulic fluid or items
such as pipe plugs to “shoot out” at high speed if
pressure is not released correctly. Release system
pressure before attempting to make adjustments
or repairs.
Consult the manufacturer’s instructions for correct
procedure.
Before disconnecting hydraulic fluid lines, be sure
you:
• Shut off engine.
• Always release any air pressure (supercharge)
on the hydraulic reservoir.
• Move pedals and control levers repeatedly
through their operating ranges to relieve all
pressures.
38
Pressurized hydraulic fluid can penetrate the
skin and cause serious injury. Therefore, be sure
all connections are tight and that lines, pipes, and
hoses are in good condition before starting the
engine.
Fluid escaping from a small hole can be almost
invisible. Use a piece of cardboard or wood,
instead of your hands, to search for suspected
leaks. (FIG. 42)
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS (CONT’D)
If you are struck by escaping hydraulic fluid
under pressure, serious injury can occur if
proper medical treatment is not administered
immediately.
During operation, hydraulic fluid and air in an
unvented hydraulic tank becomes heated
and will tend to expand.This will raise the
pressure inside an unvented hydraulic tank. If
the filler cap is removed rapidly, the pressure in
the tank can force the oil out of the tank very
rapidly. The hydraulic fluid may be very
hot and may cause severe burns. Always
relieve tank pressure before removing the cap
completely. Consult the manufacturer’s
instructions for the correct procedure.
Keep hydraulic relief valve settings set to
the manufacturer’s recommendations. Excessive
pressures could result in structural or
hydraulic failures. Low pressure could result in
loss of control. Either condition could cause
personal injury or death.
Be sure the engine is stopped and machine is
properly locked out and controls tagged, before
working on a machine. Only run engine when it is
essential, as in the case of pressure adjustments,
lubrication, or tests. Follow the manufacturer’s
recommendations when making adjustments.
Never resume operation until satisfactory
adjustments have been made. The operator
must follow the mechanic’s instructions when
adjustments are being made or machine is
being serviced.
When adding fluid to any system, be sure to
use the fluid recommended by the manufacturer.
Certain fluids, when mixed, may destroy seals
causing loss of control and possible personal
injury.
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PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
TIRE INSPECTION
Recommended air pressure must be maintained
in every tire. Daily checks assure that inflation is
correct. If your periodic check discloses a tire that
is continuously losing air, a leak is indicated and
must be repaired. (FIG. 43)
During your pressure checks, also inspect for:
• Objects wedged between or embedded in tires.
• Missing valve caps and wheel lugs.
• Cuts, tears, and breaks that may need repair.
• Abnormal or uneven wear.
• Damaged or poor fitting rim or rim flanges.
• Projecting body hardware, loose fender bolts,
spring clips – anything that could contact a tire.
Do not burn or weld on wheels or rims.
40
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
TIRE PRESSURE
Check tire pressure before starting operation.
An air pressure rise during operation is normal
and should NOT be reduced. Overloads or overspeeds may produce increased tire pressures due
to heat. Never bleed tires. Reduce your load – or
speed – or stop until tires cool.
ADD AIR
From a distance – with air chuck clipped on the
tire valve – and with extension hose that permits
you to stand behind tread. (FIG. 45) Always use a
tire cage or equivalent for protection.
PNEUMATIC TIRES
Changing tires or adding air can be a hazardous
business. Special tools and procedures are
required for changing off-highway tires.
Explosion and separation of a tire and/or rim parts
can cause serious injury or death. (FIG. 44) Always
follow the manufacturer’s recommendations or
see your tire supplier.
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Page 42
41
PERFORM MAINTENANCE SAFELY
ROPS (Roll-Over Protective Structures)
Periodically inspect ROPS for cracks and loose mounting
hardware.
Replace all missing, deteriorated or worn rubber parts.
If it becomes necessary to remove a ROPS, reinstall it only
on the same machine, in its original position. (FIG. 46)
NEVER alter the ROPS in any way without the written
approval of the manufacturer.
NEVER cut holes in or weld on ROPS without the
manufacturer’s approval.
NEVER attempt to repair a damaged ROPS – it must be
replaced with a new unit, approved for that machine.
Periodically inspect seat belts for wear, tear, deterioration
or excessive dirt. Replace them if necessary.
AIR CONDITIONERS
NEVER attempt to weld on or near air conditioners.
Poisonous gas may be formed when refrigerant gas is
exposed to a flame or excessive heat.
Maintenance and repair of air conditioners … except for
very minor repairs or servicing … must be done only by
an experienced air conditioner or refrigeration technician.
(FIG. 47)
42
SPECIAL OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
PARKING AND TRANSPORTING
ALWAYS select a level area to park in and, if
possible, one where children are unlikely to be
present. ALWAYS chock the front AND rear of
the roller … even if leaving the machine unattended
for short periods.
ALWAYS use EXTRA care when towing a roller …
when maneuvering in tight places, when backing
(visibility is reduced, and jackknifing must be
avoided), and when operating on grades. NEVER
operate a towed roller on steep grades or side
slopes, as the possibility of tipping or loss of control
is greater when towing a roller.
Extreme care should be exercised when loading
or unloading a walk-behind roller. It is generally
best to stand behind and to one side rather than
directly behind a machine being propelled up or
down a ramp.
If the roller is designed to hang from the tailgate
of a vehicle when being transported, ALWAYS be
certain the hook brackets meet the roller
manufacturer’s specifications.
Special precautions must also be exercised when
loading or unloading, transporting or servicing a
towed roller. Consult your manufacturer’s
manual for specific details.
NEVER allow anyone to ride on a towed roller.
And, unless absolutely necessary, never permit
anyone in the “pinch” area between the towing
vehicle and the towed roller.
When necessary to disconnect and park a towed
roller, ALWAYS select a location which is level
and, if possible, one where children are unlikely
to be present. BEFORE disconnecting, ALWAYS
chock the front AND rear of the roll, and block
under the tongue.
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Page 44
43
SPECIAL OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
FOR TOWED ROLLERS
Most general safety precautions covered earlier in
this manual are also applicable to towed roller
operation. Many other SPECIAL precautions must,
however, be taken. Study your manufacturer’s
manual(s) relative to special considerations when
towing. If you have questions or concerns, consult
the manufacturer or your dealer.
ALWAYS use a tow tractor of sufficient weight,
drawbar horsepower and braking capacity to
properly control the towed roller. Proper weight
balance and distribution is also essential.
ALWAYS block under the tongue of the towed
roller BEFORE attempting to connect it to the
towing vehicles or machine. NEVER attempt to
lift heavy tongues or move towed rollers by hand.
NEVER get any part of your body under the tongue
when hitching or unhitching.
ALWAYS make sure the hitch pin is of the proper
size, and securely locked in place before towing.
(FIG. 48) If safety chains are provided, make sure
they are properly and securely connected … at
BOTH ends. Cross the chains under the tongue
when connecting to the towing vehicle. If electrical
or hydraulic connections are required, make sure
the connections are properly and securely made.
44
SPECIAL OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
FOR LANDFILL COMPACTORS
General
Operators of landfill compactors should carefully
handle fill materials that could be picked up and
thrown by the wheels, become lodged in the
machine, or that are highly flammable.
Frequent checks should be made for wire, cable or
other material wound around the axle members.
Remove them immediately.
Travel with the blade as low as possible.
Maintain good operator visibility – keep all mesh
and windows free of accumulated materials that
reduce visibility.
When parking the machine,ALWAYS lower the blade.
FIRE PROTECTION
Maintain fire extinguishers and fire protective
systems in good working order. ALWAYS recharge
extinguishers, or replace with a fully charged unit
immediately after use.
Check for, and remove, any waste material
accumulation above belly pans and behind
protective doors and grills. Accumulations are
a fire hazard. (FIG. 49)
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Page 46
45
SPECIAL OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
FOR WALK-BEHIND ROLLERS
Start-Up
NEVER attempt to operate a walk-behind roller
before being thoroughly familiar with the
manufacturer’s operating instructions. If you
have any questions or uncertainty, consult the
manufacturer and/or his dealer BEFORE attempting
to operate it.
ALWAYS follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for starting the engine. All controls MUST be in
the correct position BEFORE attempting to start
the engine ( for example, the shift lever must be
in neutral).
Starting fluid is NOT recommended when hand
starting an engine.The engine may kick back.
OPERATION
When operating a walk-behind roller, ALWAYS
exercise extreme care to avoid having your feet or
clothing caught under the dolly wheels or roll.
When possible, stand behind and to one side of
the machine rather than directly behind it.
Particular care must be exercised when operating
near obstructions, on slippery surfaces, grades and
side slopes. (ALWAYS wear slip resistant safety
shoes or boots.)
46
NEVER ride on a walk-behind roller unless it is
designed to accommodate riders and an
appropriate seat is provided.
NEVER attempt to shift on a grade if the roller
has a mechanical transmission.
NEVER operate a walk-behind roller in unshored
trenches or near steep, unsupported banks.The
vibrations could cause a cave-in.
Uneven grades can cause the handle to raise or
lower unexpectedly, striking the unwary operator.
(FIG. 50)
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Do you understand this AEM SAFETY MANUAL AND
ITEMS SUCH AS …
• Proper operating procedures?
• Proper parking, shutdown, and dismounting
• Your safety program?
• Your machine manufacturer’s manual(s)?
• Proper clothing and personal safety equipment?
• Your machine’s controls, warning signs and devices,
• Proper maintenance procedures?
• Proper loading and unloading procedures for
and safety equipment?
• How to properly inspect, mount, and start your
machine?
• How to check your machine for proper operation?
• Your work area and any special hazards that may exist?
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procedures?
transporting?
• Under what conditions you should not operate
your machine?
If you do not understand any of these items, consult
with your supervisor BEFORE operating your machine!
Page 48
47
A FINAL WORD TO THE USER
Remember that YOU are the key to safety. Good
safety practices not only protect you but protect the
people around you.
You have read this safety manual and the manufacturer’s
manual(s) for your specific machine. Make them a working
part of your safety program. Keep in mind that this safety
manual is written for only this type of machine.
Practice all other usual and customary safe working
precautions, and above all –
REMEMBER
SAFETY IS UP TO YOU
YOU CAN PREVENT SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH
48
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Page 1
EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
CE-KONFORMITÄTSERKLÄRUNG
DECLARACIÓN DE CONFORMIDAD DE LA CE
DÉCLARATION DE CONFORMITÉ C.E.
WACKER CORPORATION, N92 W15000 ANTHONY AVENUE, MENOMONEE FALLS, WISCONSIN USA
AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
BEVOLLMÄCHTIGTER VERTRETER FÜR DIE EUROPÄISCHE GEMEINSCHAFT
REPRESENTANTE AUTORIZADO EN LA UNIÓN EUROPEA
REPRÉSENTANT AGRÉÉ AUPRÈS DE L’UNION EUROPÉENNE
WACKER CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AG
Preußenstraße 41
80809 München
hereby certifies that the construction equipment specified hereunder / bescheinigt, daß das Baugerät / certifica que la máquina de
construcción / atteste que le matériel :
1. Category / Art / Categoría / Catégorie
Vibrating Ride-On Rollers
Fahrergesteuerte Vibrationswalzen
Rodillos Vibrantes con Conductor Montado
Rouleaux Compacteurs Vibrants à Conducteur Porté
2.
Type / Typ / Tipo / Type
3.
Item number of equipment / Artikelnummer / Número de referencia de la máquina / Numéro de référence du matériel :
RD 27
0009469, 0620038, 0620007, 0620037
4.
Net installed power / absolute installierte Leistung / Potencia instalada neta / Puissance installée nette :
23 kW
Has been sound tested per Directive 2000/14/EC / In Übereinstimmung mit Richtlinie 2000/14/EG bewertet worden ist / Ha sido
ensayado en conformidad con la norma 2000/14/CE / A été mis à l’épreuve conforme aux dispositions de la directive 2000/14/CEE :
Certificate No.: 2000-14/E080850/2 Certificate Date: 27.October.2004
Certificate No.: 2000-14/E080850/1 Certificate Date: 27.October.2004
Conformity Assessment Procedure /
Konformitätsbewertungsverfahren /
Procedimiento para ensayar
conformidad / Procédé pour l’épreuve
de conformité
Name and address of notified
body / Bei folgender
einbezogener Prüfstelle / Oficina
matriculadora / Organisme agrée
Measured sound power level /
Gemessener Schallleistungspegel
/ Nivel de potencia acústica
determinado / Niveau de puissance
acoustique fixé
Annex VI / Anhang VI /
Anexo VI / Annexe VI
Etablissement Public à Caractère
Industriel et Commercial
Laboratoires de Trappes
29, avenue Roger Hennequin 78197 Trappes Cedex
0009469 - 104 dB(A)
0620038 - 104 dB(A)
0620007 - 105 dB(A)
0620037 - 105 dB(A)
Guaranteed sound power level /
Garantierter Schallleistungspegel /
Nivel de potencia acústica
garantizado / Niveau de puissance
acoustique garanti
109 dB(A)
and has been produced in accordance with the following standards:
und in Übereinstimmung mit folgenden Richtlinien hergestellt worden ist:
y ha sido fabricado en conformidad con las siguientes normas:
et a été produit conforme aux dispositions des directives européennes ci-après :
2000/14/EC
89/336/EEC
98/37/EC
EN 500-1
EN 500-4
21.12.04
Date / Datum / Fecha / Date
2005-CE-RD27-Q.fm
William Lahner
Vice President of Engineering
Greg Orzal
Manager, Product Engineering
WACKER CORPORATION
Wacker Construction Equipment AG
·
Preußenstraße 41
· D-80809 München
· Tel.: +49-(0)89-3 54 02 - 0 · Fax: +49 - (0)89-3 54 02-3 90
Wacker Corporation · P.O. Box 9007 · Menomonee Falls, WI 53052-9007 · Tel. : (262) 255-0500 · Fax: (262) 255-0550 · Tel. : (800) 770-0957
Wacker Asia Pacific Operations · Skyline Tower, Suite 2303, 23/F · 39 Wang Kwong Road, Kowloon Bay, Hong Kong · Tel. +852 2406 60 32 · Fax: +852 2406 60 21