PN 720-0147-00
October 2006
Installation Guide
3ware® 9650SE
Serial ATA RAID
Controller
Copyright
©2004-2006 Applied Micro Circuits Corporation (AMCC). All
rights reserved. This publication may be copied or reproduced for
reference purposes only. All other purposes require the express
written consent of AMCC, 215 Moffett Park Drive, Sunnyvale, CA
94089. AMCC shall not be responsible or liable for, and shall be
held harmless against, any and all damages, claims, and/or disputes
that arise from the copying or reproduction of this publication.
Trademarks
3ware®, Escalade®, 3DM®, and TwinStor® are all registered
trademarks of AMCC. The 3ware logo, 3BM, StorSwitch, and R5
Fusion are all trademarks of AMCC. PowerPC and the PowerPC
logo are trademarks of International Business Machines
Corporation. Linux® is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in
the United States, other countries, or both. Windows® is a
registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States
and other countries. Firefox® is a registered trademark of the
Mozilla Foundation. PCI Express® is a registered trademark of
PCI-SIG®. All other trademarks herein are property of their
respective owners.
Disclaimer
While every attempt is made to make this document as accurate as
possible, AMCC assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions
in this document, nor does AMCC make any commitment to update
the information contained herein.
Table of Contents
About this Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv
Chapter 1. Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Contents of this Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9650SE RAID Controller Card Models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
4
6
8
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller . . . . . . . . . 13
Tools You Need . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before You Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1 (9650SE-2LP). Connect the Cables to the Controller. . . . . . . . . .
Step 1 (Multilane Controllers). Connect the Cables to the Controller . . .
Step 2. Install the Controller in the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 3 (9650SE-2LP). Connect the Cables to the Drives . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 3 (Multilane Controllers). Connect the Cables to the Drives or
Backplane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 4. Connecting Drive Activity LED Indicators (Optional) . . . . . . . . . .
Step 5. Finishing Up the RAID Controller Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 6. Configure Your RAID Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
13
14
15
16
18
19
20
25
25
Chapter 3. Installing the Battery Backup Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Tools and equipment required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
29
34
Appendix: Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Sales and ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Feedback on this manual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
www.3ware.com
iii
About this Guide
Congratulations on your purchase of the 3ware® 9650SE Serial
ATA RAID Controller. This guide tells you how to install it.
Chapter
Description
1 Getting Started
Overview of the 3ware RAID controller and
important safety factors to keep in mind during
installation
2 Installing Your 3ware
RAID Controller
How to install your 3ware RAID controller
3 Installing the Battery
Backup Unit
How to install a 3ware Battery Backup Unit
(BBU) on your 3ware RAID controller
The following additional documentation is available for your 3ware
RAID controller on the CD that came with your controller. It is also
available through the 3ware website:
„
3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller User Guide
„
3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller CLI Guide
„
3ware HTML Bookshelf is an HTML version of the
documentation, combining the User Guide and the CLI Guide.
Online help is also available when you are using 3DM 2 (3ware
Disk Manager).
Additional support information is available in the 3ware
Knowledgebase, at this website: http://www.3ware.com/KB
iv
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Chapter 1. Getting
Started
The 3ware® 9650SE RAID controller provides these features:
„
„
„
„
„
RAID 6 with simultaneous parity generation to maximize
performance
8th-generation StorSwitch non-blocking switch fabric for
maximum controller output
StreamFusion optimization of RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk
accesses to maximize application performance under heavy
loads
StorSave BBU with write journaling to optimize data protection
and performance
RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, Single Disk, and JBOD
(RAID 6 and RAID 50 are available only with 3ware RAID
controller models that have 8 or more ports)
„
PCI Express® x1, x4, and x8 connectivity
Contents of this Package
„
„
„
This document, 3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller
Installation Guide
3ware CD-ROM with driver, software, and additional
documentation
Appropriate cables for the 3ware 9650SE model
„
For the 2-port model, two SATA interface cables, one for
each port are provided.
„
For the 4-port, 8-port, 12-port, and 16-port models,
multilane break-out cables (SFF-8087) are provided, for
use with individual drives. Each of these cables supports up
to four serial ATA drives.
www.3ware.com
1
Chapter 1. Getting Started
1 cable is provided with the 4-port controller
2 cables are provided with the 8-port controller
3 cables are provided with the 12-port controller
4 cables are provided with the 16-port controller
Note: Double-ended multilane cables, for use with a multilane
backplane, can be purchased separately. For details about these
cables, see “Multilane Cables” on page 5.
System Requirements
Motherboard and Slot Requirements
A workstation-class or server-class motherboard with
PCI-Express® slot that supports the specific 9650SE model, as
shown in Table 1. A list of systems that have been tested is
available at http://www.3ware.com/products/compatibility_sata2.asp
Table 1: Required Slots for 3ware RAID Controller Models
Controller Model
PCI-E X1
PCI-E X4
PCI-E X8
PCI-E x16
9650SE-2LP
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
9650SE-4LPML
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
9650SE-8LPML
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
9650SE-12LPML
No
No
Yes
Yes
9650SE-16LPML
No
No
Yes
Yes
Drive Requirements
Depending on the particular model, the 3ware RAID controller may
be connected to two, four, eight, twelve, or sixteen SATA drives
using the supplied interface cables.
Drives must meet SATA-1 (1.5 Gb/s) or SATA-2 (3.0 Gb/s)
standards. Drives may be of any capacity or physical form factor.
A list of tested drives is available at
http://www.3ware.com/products/compatibility_sata2.asp
2
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
System Requirements
Note: Shielded and unshielded interface cables for Serial ATA
controllers may not exceed 1M (39”) in length.
Operating System Requirements
„
Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, both 32bit and 64-bit x86
„
Red Hat Linux, 32-bit and 64-bit x86
„
SuSE Linux, 32-bit and 64-bit x86
„
Fedora Core, 32-bit and 64-bit x86
„
Other versions of Linux, 32-bit and 64-bit x86, using the open
source Linux 2.4 or 2.6 kernel driver
„
FreeBSD, 32-bit and 64-bit x86
For the latest driver versions for all operating systems, see the
Release Notes.
Other Requirements
„
Adequate air flow and cooling
„
Adequate power supply for drives
„
3DM 2 (3ware Disk Manager), a browser-based application
used to configure and maintain RAID units, requires one of the
following browsers:
„
Internet Explorer 5.5 and later
„
Mozilla Firefox 1.2 and later
„
Netscape 7 and later
In addition:
„
JavaScript must be enabled
„
Cookies must be enabled
„
For best viewing, screen resolution should be 1024 x 768 or
greater, with 16-bit color or greater.
www.3ware.com
3
Chapter 1. Getting Started
9650SE RAID Controller Card Models
Figure 1. 2-Port 3ware 9650SE-2LP Serial ATA RAID Controller
LED Connector Heat Sink
Ports:
0 (on top)
1 (on the
bottom)
Figure 2. 4-Port 3ware 9650SE-4LPML Serial ATA RAID Controller
I2C connector
LED Connector
Heat Sink
Ports:
0 thru 3
Slots for battery
holder
4
BBU connector and hole for post
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
9650SE RAID Controller Card Models
Figure 3. 8-Port 3ware 9650SE-8LPML Serial ATA RAID Controller
I2C connector
LED
Connectors
Heat Sink
Ports:
4 thru 7
0 thru 3
Slots for battery
BBU connector and hole for post
Figure 4. 12-Port 3ware 9650SE-12ML Serial ATA RAID Controller
I2C connector
LED Connectors
Heat sink
Ports:
8 thru 11
4 thru 7
0 thru 3
Holes for
battery holder
www.3ware.com
BBU connector and hole for post
5
Chapter 1. Getting Started
Figure 5. 16-Port 3ware 9650SE-16ML Serial ATA RAID Controller
I2C connector
LED Connectors
Heat sink
Ports:
12 thru 15
8 thru 11
4 thru 7
0 thru 3
Holes for
battery holder
BBU connector and hole for post
Cables
SATA Cables
The 2-port 9650SE RAID controller uses standard SATA cables.
Multilane Cables
Important: You should only use AMCC/3ware certified cables
with your 3ware RAID controller. Using an incorrect cable can
result in drives that are not detected. The appropriate cables are
included with your controller. If you must replace a cable, see
the list of available cables and associated part numbers at
http://3ware.com/products/cables.asp.
Three types of multilane cables can be used with the 4-port, 8-port,
12-port, and 16-port 3ware 9650SE RAID controllers.
6
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Cables
„
Multilane breakout cables
For use with a backplane that has individual SATA connectors
or individual serial ATA drives, multilane breakout cables have
an SFF-8087 multilane connector on one end and four
individual SATA connectors on the other end.
Note: This is the type of cable that ships with the 3ware
9650SE multilane controllers. Depending on the enclosure you
are using, you may need to purchase a different cable to
connect the 9650SE controller and the enclosure backplane
Figure 6. Multi-lane Serial ATA Break-out Cable (SFF-8087)
„
Multilane double-ended 4x cables
For use with a multilane-enabled drive backplane that has the
SFF-8087 mini SAS 4i connectors, these double-ended 4x
cables have multilane connectors on each end.
Figure 7. Multilane Cable Serial ATA (SFF-8087)
www.3ware.com
7
Chapter 1. Getting Started
„
Multilane converter cables
To connect from a 3ware 9650SE multilane RAID controller to
a chassis that has SFF-8470 connectors on the backplane, use
multilane converter cables, which have a SFF-8087 connector
on one end and an Infini-band SFF8470 connector on the other.
Figure 8. Multilane SFF-8087 to SFF-8470 Serial ATA Converter
Cable
Safety Information
To reduce the risk of bodily injury, electrical shock, fire, and
equipment damage, read this information and observe all warnings
and precautions in this guide before installing or maintaining your
computer.
The 3ware 9650SE RAID controller card should be installed by
technically qualified persons. If you are uncomfortable opening a
computer system and conforming to standard ESD (electrostatic
discharge) practices, you should have a computer technician
perform the installation.
Site Selection
The product is designed to operate as a component to a computer
system.The environment that is provided for the system must be:
„
Clean, dry, and free of airborne particles (other than normal
room dust).
„
Well-ventilated and away from sources of heat including direct
sunlight and radiators.
8
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Safety Information
„
Away from sources of vibration or physical shock.
„
Isolated from strong electromagnetic fields produced by
electrical devices.
„
In regions that are susceptible to electrical storms, we
recommend you plug your system into a surge suppressor and
disconnect telecommunication lines to your modem during an
electrical storm.
„
Provided with a properly grounded wall outlet.
Provided a product main power disconnect or sufficient space
to access the power supply cord(s), because they serve as the
product's main power disconnect.
„
Personal Safety When Installing the 9650SE RAID
Controller in Your Computer
Warning! High voltages may be found inside computer
equipment.
Before installing any of the hardware in this package or
removing the protective covers of any computer equipment, turn
off power switches and disconnect power cords. Do not
reconnect the power cords until the hardware is installed and the
system cover is closed.
Protecting Equipment and Data
Heat Sink Warning. Do not replace the factory-installed heat
sink shipped with the 3ware 9650SE RAID controller. Replacing
the heat sink will alter thermal characteristics and cooling
requirements and may cause the controller to fail. Replacing the
factory-installed heat sink will void the warranty.
Back up your data! Creating or deleting disk arrays destroys
existing files on the member drives. If your drives contain
valuable data, back them up and save the data elsewhere
before attaching the drives to the controller.
www.3ware.com
9
Chapter 1. Getting Started
ESD (Electrostatic Discharge) Precautions
To avoid damaging computer components and accessories when
installing or removing the 3ware RAID controller, follow standard
electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions:
„
When your computer case is open and its internal parts are
exposed, do not touch any internal part unnecessarily.
„
Always wear a grounded strap or work on an ESD-protective
mat.
„
Do not remove the 3ware RAID controller from its protective
bag until you are properly grounded.
„
Handle the 3ware RAID controller by its edges or by the black
rail and metal bracket at its two ends.
Do not touch any pin, contact, lead or component on the 3ware
RAID controller.
„
Installation Considerations
Air Flow, Cable Length, and Routing Space
Adequate airflow and ventilation are particularly important for
3ware 9650SE RAID controllers. The on-board heat sink collects
heat, and must have adequate airflow in order to disburse it. It is
important that the cables do not obstruct the air flow or prevent
proper ventilation of the system.
Selecting the Slot in Which to Install the Controller
Consider these factors when deciding on the slot in which to insert
the controller:
„
Cable routing may be easier if you install the 3ware RAID
controller next to an open slot.
„
3ware 9650SE RAID controllers must be installed in PCI
Express® slots. Table 1 on page 2 shows the type of PCI
Express slot required for each 9650SE model.
10
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Safety Information
Note: Some low-cost motherboards have a single PCI Express
slot which is reserved for a video card. These slots cannot
accommodate a 9650SE RAID controller or other PCI-E
device.
Warning! Do NOT insert the 9650SE controller into a PCI-X
slot. Doing so could potentially damage the board or the
system, and void the warranty.
Deciding Whether to Use the LED Status Connector
3ware RAID controllers include two types of LED status
connectors:
„
Overall indicator, which lights when any drive is active.
„
Individual LED indicators, for each drive. (Not supported on
chassis that have a common ground.)
If you are building a system from scratch, you may want to consider
using a chassis or drive carrier that is compatible with the 3ware
RAID controller activity LEDs, such as the AMCC RDC-400SATA drive carrier, available through AMCC. Please check the
3ware web site for the Chassis Reference list (www.3ware.com/
products/compatibility_sata.asp).
Most chassis have a single drive activity cable that you can connect
to the overall activity indicator on the 3ware 9650SE controller. For
the location of the overall drive activity connector, see the figure for
the appropriate controller on page 20 and 22, and refer to Table 2,
“LED Indicator Pin Positions,” on page 23.
Note: If you are using a chassis that includes a Chassis
Control Unit (CCU), follow the instructions that came with the
chassis to connect the I2C cable (Chassis Control Cable) from
the CCU to the I2C connector on the 9650SE.
www.3ware.com
11
Chapter 1. Getting Started
Drive Installation Considerations
„
Selecting an enclosure. If you are planning to use RAID 1, 5,
6, 10, or 50, you may want to consider installing drives into
hot-swappable enclosures, so that they can be easily removed in
the event of a drive failure. For a discussion of RAID levels,
see the 3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller User Guide.
„
When to install the drives. If the drives are not already
installed in your computer, you can choose to install them
either before or after installing the 9650SE controller. In either
case, be sure to connect the SATA cable from the drive to the
controller and connect the drive to power before turning on the
system or you will not be able to see or configure the drives.
Things to Watch Out For During Installation of the RAID
Controller
Be careful when installing the 3ware RAID controller into your
system. Excessive force can damage the board or your system.
Be sure to follow the installation instructions in “Chapter 2.
Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller” on page 13.
12
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Chapter 2. Installing
Your 3ware RAID
Controller
Tools You Need
You will need the following tools during installation:
„
An ESD grounding strap or mat
„
A Phillips screwdriver
Before You Start
3ware 9650SE RAID controllers can be installed in a standard
enclosure or in an enclosure with a backplane.
1
Be sure to read “Safety Information” on page 8 in Chapter 1.
2
If you have a Battery Backup Unit (BBU), install it on the
controller before proceeding. For details, see “Chapter 3.
Installing the Battery Backup Unit”.
www.3ware.com
13
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller
Step 1 (9650SE-2LP). Connect the
Cables to the Controller
1
For the 9650SE-2LP, take out the SATA cables provided with
the controller. (For other 9650SE models, turn to the next
page.)
One edge of each SATA cable connector is keyed so that it can
only be inserted in one direction. This helps to ensure proper
orientation and installation
2
Decide to which port you want to connect the first cable.
3
Align the cable connector with the connector on the controller,
matching the slotted key and carefully mate the connectors.
Note: The connectors on the end of the serial controller and
the drive are susceptible to damage from excessive bending.
Be careful not to insert or remove the SATA cable connector
at an angle.
Figure 9. SATA Cables Being Inserted Into Port
Port 0 is on top.
Port 1 is on the bottom
4
14
Repeat steps 2 and 3 for the second SATA cable. (You connect
one cable for each hard drive you will attach.)
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Step 1 (Multilane Controllers). Connect the Cables to the Controller
Step 1 (Multilane Controllers). Connect
the Cables to the Controller
The 9650SE-4LPML, 9650SE-8LPML, 9650SE-12ML, and
9650SE-16ML models are all multilane controllers. (For the
9650SE-2LP, turn to the previous page.)
1
Take out the multilane cables provided with your controller.
2
Connect each multilane cable to a multilane connector on the
controller.
When the cable is inserted correctly, you will feel it click into
place.
Figure 10.
Connecting a Multilane Cable with an SFF-8087
Connector to the 9650SE-16ML Controller
Depending on the which model of the 9650SE you have, and
the number of drives you will be connecting, you will connect
between one and four multilane cables.
www.3ware.com
15
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller
Step 2. Install the Controller in the
Computer
1
If the computer is running, shut it down. Turn off power to the
computer and disconnect the power cord from the outlet.
2
Make sure you are properly grounded. (For details about safety
precautions, see page 8.)
3
Open the computer case according to the manufacturer’s
instructions.
4
Find the PCI Express slot you want to use for the 3ware
9650SE RAID controller.
For a discussion of which slot to use, see “Selecting the Slot in
Which to Install the Controller” on page 10.
Warning! Make sure you select a PCI Express slot, not a
PCI or PCI-X slot. Inserting a 9650SE into a PCI or PCI-X slot
could potentially damage the board or system, and void the
warranty of either the 9650SE or the motherboard. If you are
uncertain about which slot to use, see the documentation for
your system’s motherboard.
5
Remove the metal filler bracket for the slot.
Save this screw; it will be used to secure the 3ware RAID
controller after you have seated it in the slot.
6
Position the card in the PCI Express slot so that the contacts
will mate with the grooves in the slot, and all pins make proper
contact with the PCI Express slot pins when pushed into place.
Only the 3ware 9650SE-2LP RAID controller will fit in a one
lane (x1) PCI Express slot. The 4-port and 8-port cards will
work in the x4, x8, or x16 PCI Express slots, while the 12-port
and 16-port cards will work in the x8 or x16 PCI Express slots.
16
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Step 2. Install the Controller in the Computer
7
Press down gently on the edge of the 3ware RAID controller
directly above the PCI Express slot until it is fully seated.
Figure 11. Inserting Controller Into PCI Express Slot
Use a PCI Express slot
for the 3ware 9650SE
controller.
Do NOT
use a PCI-X slot.
8
Check that the 3ware RAID controller’s metal bracket covers
the hole in the case and secure the bracket with the screw that
was used to secure the filler bracket in step 5.
9
When you tighten the screw on the bracket to the enclosure,
make sure the card is not slanted in any direction; otherwise the
card will not work properly.
www.3ware.com
17
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller
Step 3 (9650SE-2LP). Connect the
Cables to the Drives
For 9650SE-2LP controller, follow the steps below. For other
9650SE models, turn to the next page.
1
If your drives are not already installed in the computer chassis
or hot swap carriers, install them now. Be sure that the drives
are connected to the power supply, either by cable or through
the drive cage.
If appropriate, set the PM2 (power management) jumper on the
disk drives, to enable staggered spinup. Check the
documentation that came with your disk drives to see whether
this is required.
2
For each drive, select the end of an SATA cable not connected
to the 3ware RAID Controller and plug it into the drive or drive
carrier.
One edge of each SATA cable connector is keyed to ensure
proper installation.
Figure 12. SATA Cable Connecting to Drive
18
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Step 3 (Multilane Controllers). Connect the Cables to the Drives or Back-
Step 3 (Multilane Controllers). Connect
the Cables to the Drives or Backplane
For the 9650SE-4LPML, 9650SE-8LPML, 9650SE-12ML, and
9650SE-16ML models, follow the steps below. (For the 9650SE2LP, turn to the previous page.)
1
If your drives are not already installed, install them now, either
by attaching them to the backplane, or by installing them in the
computer chassis.
If appropriate, set the PM2 (power management) jumper on the
disk drives, to enable staggered spinup. Check the
documentation that came with your disk drives to see whether
this is required.
2
If your enclosure has a multilane drive backplane, connect the
other end of each multilane cable to the backplane.
If you are using a breakout cable, select one of the ends and
plug it into each drive or drive carrier.
One edge of each SATA cable connector is keyed to ensure
proper installation.
Figure 13. SATA End of Breakout Cable Connecting to Drive
3
Be sure that the power supply is connected to either the
backplane or the individual drives, either by cable or through
the drive carrier.
www.3ware.com
19
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller
4
(Optional) Connect the drive activity LED connectors. For
details, see page 20.
5
Turn to “Check Installation and Close the Case” on page 25.
Step 4. Connecting Drive Activity LED
Indicators (Optional)
Connecting drive activity LED indicators is optional. For a
discussion of whether to make these connections, see “Deciding
Whether to Use the LED Status Connector” on page 11.
Figure 14 through Figure 18 show the location of LED indicators
on the different 9650SE controllers.
Additional detail about these connectors starts on page 23.
Figure 14. 2-Port 3ware 9650SE-2LP Serial ATA RAID Controller
LED indicators for individual Overall LED drive status indicator:
drives on J7: 0 and 1 (left to the last two pins of J7. The anode
right)
is the lower of the two pins and
the cathode is the upper.
20
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Step 4. Connecting Drive Activity LED Indicators (Optional)
Figure 15. 4-Port 3ware 9650SE-4LPML Serial ATA RAID Controller
Overall LED drive status indicator:
LED indicators for individual the last two pins of J7. The anode
drives on J7: 0, 1, 2, 3
is the lower of the two pins and
(left to right)
the cathode is the upper.
Figure 16. 8-Port 3ware 9650SE-8LPML Serial ATA RAID Controller
LED indicators for individual
drives J7 is for drives 0, 1, 2, 3
(left to right) J8 is for drives 4, 5,
6, 7 (left to right)
www.3ware.com
Overall LED drive status indicator is
the right-most LED header pin pair
on each LED connector (J7 and J8).
The anode is the lower of the two
pins and the cathode is the upper.
21
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller
Figure 17. 12-Port 3ware 9650SE-12ML Serial ATA RAID Controller
LED indicators for individual drives
J7 is for drives 0, 1, 2, 3 (left to right)
J8 is for drives 4, 5, 6, 7 (left to right)
J9 is for drives 8, 9, 10, 11 (left to right)
Overall LED drive status indicator is the
right-most LED header pin pair on each
LED connector (J7, J8, and J9). The
anode is the lower of the two pins and
the cathode is the upper.
Figure 18. 16-Port 3ware 9650SE-16ML Serial ATA RAID Controller
LED indicators for individual drives
J7 is for drives 0, 1, 2, 3 (left to right)
J8 is for drives 4, 5, 6, 7 (left to right)
J9 is for drives 8, 9, 10, 11 (left to right)
J1 is for drives 12, 13, 14, 15 (left to right)
22
Overall LED drive status indicator is the
right-most LED header pin pair on each
LED connector (J7, J8, J9, J1). The
anode is the lower of the two pins and
the cathode is the upper.
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Step 4. Connecting Drive Activity LED Indicators (Optional)
Additional Details About the LED Status
Connectors
As shown in Figure 15 through Figure 18, LED connectors for
individual drives are on J7, J8, J9, and J1 for the 16 port card, on J7,
J8, and J9 for the 12-port cards, and on J7 and J8 for the 8-port, and
J7 for the 2-port and 4-port cards.
Pin 1 is located in the lower left-hand corner of each 10-pin
connector. The odd-numbered pins, located on the bottom row, are
3.3V for the anode (+) side of each LED to be connected. The evennumbered pins are on the top or cathode (-) side. Table 2
summarizes the LED indicator pin positions for the different
controllers.
Table 2: LED Indicator Pin Positions
Controller
LED
Header
9650SE-2LP
J7
Pin Pair
Comment
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
0 1 : : All
Port number/All
(all activity indicator)
k-cathode-minus is on the top
a-anode-plus is on the bottom
9650SE-4LPML J7
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
0 1 2 3 All
Port number/All
(all activity indicator)
k-cathode-minus is on the top
a-anode-plus is on the bottom
9650SE-8LPML J7
J8
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
0 1 2 3 All
Port number/All
(all activity indicator)
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
4 5 6 7 All
Port number / All
(All activity indicator)
k-cathode-minus is on the top
a-anode-plus is on the bottom
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23
Chapter 2. Installing Your 3ware RAID Controller
Table 2: LED Indicator Pin Positions
Controller
LED
Header
9650SE-12ML
J7
J8
J9
Pin Pair
Comment
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
0 1 2 3 All
Port number/All (All activity
indicator)
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
4 5 6 7 All
Port number/All (All activity
indicator)
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
8 9 10 11 All
Port number/All (all activity
indicator)
k-cathode-minus is on the top
a-anode-plus is on the bottom
9650SE-16ML
J7
J8
J9
J1
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
0 1 2 3 All
Port number/All (All activity
indicator)
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
4 5 6 7 All
Port number/All (All activity
indicator)
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
8 9 10 11 All
Port number/All (all activity
indicator)
: : : : :
Orientation Horizontal
12 13 14 15 All
Port number/All (all activity
indicator)
k-cathode-minus is on the top
a-anode-plus is on the bottom
Warning: If using a chassis that has a common or shared LED
ground, be sure to only connect LED cables to the anode pins
on the controller. Do not connect any common ground to any
cathode pins on the controller.
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3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Step 5. Finishing Up the RAID Controller Installation
Step 5. Finishing Up the RAID
Controller Installation
After you have installed the controller in the computer and attached
appropriate cables to the controller and drives, complete the
following steps to complete the hardware installation.
Check Installation and Close the Case
1
Verify that the cables do not interfere with the operation of any
other components in the case or block the flow of cooling air.
2
Close the case and reconnect the power cables.
Step 6. Configure Your RAID Arrays
Turn to “First Time RAID Configuration” and “Configuring Units”
in 3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller User Guide for information
about configuring RAID arrays. The user guide is included on the
3ware CD that came with your controller. It is also available from
the 3ware website at http://3ware.com/support/userdocs.asp.
www.3ware.com
25
Chapter 3. Installing the
Battery Backup Unit
The Battery Backup Unit (BBU) is an add-on that can be attached
to a 3ware 9650SE RAID controller to supply power to the memory
module from an attached battery pack in the event of a system
power loss. This allows the controller to use write-caching for
optimal performance and not be exposed to data loss in the event of
a system power failure. When fully charged, the battery preserves
the contents of the controller cache memory for a limited period of
time (up to 72 hours). When power is restored, cached data is
flushed to disks.
Caution: Both the 3ware RAID controller and the BBU are
sensitive electronic equipment and can be damaged through
electrostatic discharge. When installing the BBU on the
controller, be sure you are grounded. Use a grounding strap, or
work on an ESD-protective mat.
„
Do not remove the 3ware controller or BBU from their
protective bags until you are properly grounded.
„
Handle the 3ware RAID controller by its edges or by the
metal bracket at its end.
„
Do not touch any pin, contact, lead, or component on the
3ware RAID controller.
Important: The battery is a heat-sensitive component. The
cooler the battery, the longer the battery lasts. If possible, place
the controller with the BBU in a slot with good airflow, away from
components that generate the most heat in the system, such as
video cards.
Note: The battery will drain if it is plugged into the BBU and
there is no power to the unit. Wait to plug the battery into the
BBU until the system is ready for use.
26
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Tools and equipment required
Tools and equipment required
„
„
„
„
Slot-head screwdriver
Grounding strap
Battery Backup Unit (BBU) and battery
3ware 9650SE series controller
Installation Overview
The Battery Backup Unit (BBU) is comprised of two pieces: the
battery module and the BBU control module.
These pieces attach to the controller at the points illustrated in
Figures 19 through 21:
a
b
c
Clips on the battery module match to slots on the half-height
controllers (4-port and 8-port) and holes on the full-height
controllers (12-port and 16-port).
Connector on the BBU mates to receptacle on the controller.
Post on the BBU mates to post hole on the controller.
Figure 19. Points of connection on the BBU
a) Clips
www.3ware.com
b) BBU connector
c) Post
27
Chapter 3. Installing the Battery Backup Unit
Figure 20. Points of connection on the half-height controller
a) Slots for the clips
b) BBU receptacle c) Hole for post
Figure 21. Points of connection on the full-height controller
a) Hole and slots for the clips
28
b) BBU receptacle
c) Hole for post
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Installation Instructions
Installation Instructions
1
Remove the screw head from the plastic post on the BBU
control module and set it aside (you will reattach it soon.)
Figure 22. Removing the head from the plastic post
2
Position the BBU control module above the controller and align
the BBU control module and the controller, making sure to:
„
Mate the connector on the BBU control module with the
receptacle on the controller.
„
Match the plastic post on the BBU with the hole on the
controller.
Figure 23. BBU control module ready to connect to the
controller
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29
Chapter 3. Installing the Battery Backup Unit
3
Press down gently until the BBU is seated.
Figure 24. BBU control module connected to the controller
4
Turn the controller over, insert the plastic screw head that you
removed in step 1 into the plastic post, and tighten it gently but
firmly. (Do not over-tighten!)
Warning! To avoid possible damage to the controller and
the motherboard, make sure the module is connected in the
proper orientation, and that the plastic post is attached.
When the plastic post and the connector are attached
correctly, the module is in the correct orientation.
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3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Installation Instructions
5
If you have a 4-port or 8-port 9650SE:
a
Hook the clips on the top of the battery module over the
slots on the top edge of the controller.
Figure 25. Clips on the battery module hook over slots on
the top edge of the half-height controller
Figure 26. Attaching the battery module to the half-height
controller
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31
Chapter 3. Installing the Battery Backup Unit
b
Press down gently on the top of the battery unit so that the
battery holder flexes slightly and the clip on the bottom
slips over the slot on the bottom edge of the controller.
Figure 27. Pressing down gently so that the bottom clip can
be inserted
Bottom clip
If you have a 12-port or 16-port 9650SE:
a
Insert the clips on the top of the battery module into the
holes on the controller.
Figure 28. Attaching the battery module to the full-height
controller
b
32
Press down gently on the battery module until the bottom
clip snaps into place in the lower hole.
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Installation Instructions
3
Insert the battery power connector into the power receptacle on
the BBU.
Note: The battery will drain if it is plugged in and there is no
power to the unit. If the system will not be used right away,
wait to do this step until the system is ready for use.
Figure 29. Battery power connector inserted in power receptacle
The controller is now ready to install in your system.
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33
Chapter 3. Installing the Battery Backup Unit
Replacing the Battery
The Battery Backup Unit (BBU) will last for many years. The
battery has an expected life span of one to two years depending on
usage.
You can check the current status of the battery, and test it. For
details, see instructions in 3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller User
Guide.
Caution: There is a risk of explosion if the battery is replaced
by an incorrect type. To obtain a replacement battery module,
contact AMCC.
For proper battery disposal resources, contact RBRC, the
Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (www.rbrc.com).
Vorsicht: Es entsteht Explosionsgefahr bei Auswechslung der
Baterie mit einer des falschen Typs. Um eine Ersatzbaterie zu
erhalten, wenden Sie sich an die AMCC.
Um Ressourcen zur korrekten Entsorgung der Baterie in
Erfahrung zu bringen, wenden Sie sich an die RBRC (the
Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation) (www.rbrc.com).
To replace the battery
1
2
3
4
5
34
Make sure the system is powered down, that you are grounded,
and follow all appropriate safety procedures.
Remove the 3ware RAID controller from your system.
Press down on the top of the battery module to free the clip on
the bottom of the module.
While pressing down on the top of the battery module, lift out
the bottom of the battery module slightly.
Once the bottom of the module is free, slide the module up to
release the clips on the top.
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Replacing the Battery
Figure 30. Removing the battery module
a) Push the battery
module down gently.
b) Lift out the bottom
of the battery module
to release the clip on
the bottom edge.
c) Lift up to remove
the clips on the top
edge.
Bottom clip
6
Disconnect the battery power cable from the BBU.
To do so, press down on the lever-like clip on the battery power
connector and slide it out of the slot.
(If desired, you can remove the BBU control module to
facilitate disconnecting the power cable.)
Figure 31 shows how removing the connector looks if you
remove the BBU control module from the controller.
Figure 31. Removing the power cable from the BBU module
Press down on the
lever-like clip and pull
the connector out.
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35
Chapter 3. Installing the Battery Backup Unit
7
If you removed the BBU control module in step 6, reattach it
now.
8
Insert the new battery module and cable it up.
9
Reinstall the 3ware RAID controller, close up your system, and
restart it.
10 Run a battery test to compute the estimated battery capacity of
this new battery.
You can run the battery test from the BBU page of either 3BM
or 3DM 2, or by using the 3ware CLI. For detailed instructions,
see the 3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller User Guide and the
3ware Serial ATA RAID Controller CLI Guide.
36
3ware 9650SE Serial ATA RAID Controller Installation Guide
Appendix: Technical
Support
For support, troubleshooting tips, frequently asked questions,
software releases, and compatibility information related to 3ware
RAID controllers, refer to:
„
3ware support page at:
http://www.3ware.com/support/
„
3ware knowledgebase:
http://www.3ware.com/KB/kb.asp
„
3ware software downloads:
http://www.3ware.com/support/download.asp
„
3ware documentation:
http://www.3ware.com/support/userdocs.asp
„
3ware Compatibility Lists:
http://www.3ware.com/support/sys_compatibility_sata2.asp
For specific answers to questions or to give feedback about the
product, visit our Web site at http://www.3ware.com/support and
log in. AMCC also offers toll-free 1 (800) 840-6055 or 1 (408) 5428800 direct phone support during normal business hours.
Sales and ordering information
For sales information, send an electronic mail message to
3wareSales@amcc.com.
Feedback on this manual
Your feedback is welcome. If anything in the guide seems unclear
please let us know by using the email form at http://
www.3ware.com/support.
www.3ware.com
37