Procedure for installing Internal SCSI Compact
Flash Reader/Writer Drive in Akai MPC2000XL
This procedure is for informational purpose only. Please read and
review this procedure several times so that you fully understand and
feel comfortable performing the modification to your MPC2000XL
sampler. If you do not feel comfortable about taking things apart and
working with electrical equipment, then you should find someone who
has basic knowledge of working with electrical components to perform
the task. If you have questions regarding this procedure, please contact
us for further clarification.
The above pictures show the front and rear view of the flash drive. The
scsi compact flash r/w (reader/writer) drive is non-hot swappable
which means the flash card can only be inserted and removed when the
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drive is powered OFF. In other words, if the drive is powered ON, then
the card cannot be removed or risk loss of data or corruption.
A little information about Compact Flash Cards
Most producers who purchase this drive use a compact flash card with
the maximum capacity of 16GB so they never have to remove it for a
long time. 8GB, 4GB, 2GB, 1GB compact flash cards are also acceptable
cards. Also, we use many different brands but have a preference for the
Kingston brand as it is ultra-reliable and we have never had any
problems. We have also used the following brands in our facility:
Updating the Operating System
Before removing the floppy drive or zip drive from the MPC2000XL,
1.14 operating system must be copied to the sampler to take advantage
of the partitioning feature and using compact flash cards up to a
capacity of 16GB. But, before doing so, find out which version is
currently installed by pressing SHIFT OTHER ( Button 8), then press the
VER soft key. You can visit to
obtain a copy of OS 1.14 for MPC2000XL and save to zip disk or floppy
disk. If you choose to use 1.20 operating system, then that it is fine, but
you will be limited to 1GB of memory regardless of compact flash
Setting the SCSI ID
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We ship the compact flash drive kit preset to scsi id 0 (as shown in the
first picture below), but should you wish to set the drive to a different
scsi id, simply refer to the other pictures below. The pictures show scsi
id 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4. Also, if look at the bottom row (9th row), there is no
jumper set which means active termination is set to enabled (ON).
Should you wish to disable termination, then simply set the jumper to
the 9th row. Very important, counting from the top row, do not remove
the jumpers set to the 4th and 5th row.
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Tools required: Philips screwdriver
Very important: Before starting, unplug power cord from MPC2000XL.
Step 1 – Open MPC2000XL
Find a blanket (folded), pillow, or cushion and place on table. Turn
MPC2000XL upside down and place on blanket to cushion the top of
the sampler where screen and jog wheel are located.
The bottom cover must be removed to access the inside of the sampler.
There are a number of screws located as shown below that must be
removed with a screwdriver. Remove all screws marked by red arrows
along the edges of the bottom cover. Keep all screws together. We like
to line up the screws in the order removed so that when we put the
screws back, each screw goes back in its original hole. Also, there are 2
screws (marked as A and B) that are holding the floppy drive or zip
drive in place. Remove the 2 screws and set aside.
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Step 2 – Remove internal scsi drive
After removing bottom cover, you will see the floppy drive or zip drive
which must be removed to make room for the internal scsi flash drive.
In the picture below, note the 2 red arrows labeled as ‘C’ and ‘D’ refer
to tabs that lock the atapi/ide connector cable to the main board.
Gently apply downward pressure to the tabs ‘C’ and ‘D’ and you will see
the atapi/ide connector disconnect at which point you can remove by
hand. Next, pull tabs in up position. Then unplug the molex power
connector from the drive. Lastly, remove the screws (referenced by 2
red arrows ‘E’ and ‘F’) that holds the zip drive in place. The drive can
now be removed by carefully sliding into the sampler (see yellow
arrow) and in an upward motion until it is completely out. You can put
the drive away with the ribbon cable should you ever need it again.
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Step 3 – Find the Internal SCSI connector on mainboard
Looking at the next picture, you will see a set of wires circled in yellow
that must be moved over to create room to route the internal compact
flash drive’s scsi ribbon cable to the internal scsi port.
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Gently push down each of the tabs on the scsi port to prepare for the
scsi ribbon cable connection. Note the wide white ribbon cable located
above the scsi port. There will not be much room to connect the scsi
ribbon cable, so some scsi cable-twisting and very careful maneuvering
will be necessary on your part. Take your time when performing this
Note, the power cable (red and white wire) that originate from the
mainboard. Because our sampler had a zip drive, shown there is a
molex connection (starting where electrical tape is, green shrink-tubing,
and ends at molex connector). The molex connector (black and red
wire) will provide 5V to the flash card drive.
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Below pictured is a 50 pin scsi ribbon cable that is included as part of
the internal scsi compact flash drive kit. Look at the black connector
and you will notice there is a notch (or keyed) so that it connects only
one way. Before connecting scsi cable to the internal scsi port and the
other end to the scsi board on the compact flash drive, place the cable
on a flat surface as shown in the first picture and carefully twist and
bend the cable so that it looks the same as that shown in the second
picture. The space between the scsi port and the white ribbon cable
located above the scsi port is very tight and twisting the scsi cable very
well will make it easier to fit the scsi cable into place.
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Carefully slip the scsi cable between the white ribbon cable and the
internal scsi port (as shown below). Line up the scsi cable connector
directly right over the internal scsi port and gently push down until the
tabs move up and inward to secure the connection.
Step 4 – Connect all cables to Reader/Writer Drive Kit
Included in the kit is a Y-Adapter power cord. The Y-Adapter has 3
molex connectors. Two female and one male molex connector. Connect
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the male molex connector to the main board power (female molex
connector) as shown in the picture below.
Next, connect the male molex connector to reader/writer drive’s
power connector (female molex connector). Also connect the other
end of the scsi ribbon cable into compact flash drive’s scsi/ide board
(see picture below). This board allows the ide compact flash drive to
convert to scsi and connect to the internal scsi port. The board has a 40
pin interface (ide) and a 50 pin interface (scsi). This board is the most
important and valuable part of the compact flash drive kit. Without this
board, it would not be possible to convert an ide-based flash drive for
scsi application.
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Step 5 – Prepare to secure drive into place.
Next, locate the 2 metal tabs (see picture below) and using your thumb,
push each tab in the specified direction until it is halfway down. This is
necessary to make room for the internal scsi drive kit. The tabs only
served to support the floppy/zip drive but it is not needed anymore. In
the event, you should wish to re-install the floppy/zip drive, then simply
unbend the tabs to original position.
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After bending tabs, it should look like the following:
Step 6
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Slide compact flash drive thru opening such that the bezel (front of
drive) is flush with the front of the MPC sampler. When you have done
this, you will see 2 holes line up with holes on the sampler. Fasten the 2
screws to secure the flash card drive.
Place bottom-cover back on and fasten all screws. Turn over
MPC2000XL to look at your newly-installed internal scsi compact flash
card reader/writer drive. Connect the power cord to the sampler but do
not turn on just yet. Insert the compact flash card and turn on the
MPC2000XL. Look at the card reader and you will notice the green LED
is lit on the right-hand side. If you see a red light condition, then this
means there is a connection that is not completely connected. Check all
connections. When the sampler completes booting up with OS 1.14,
you can then do a SHIFT LOAD and cycle thru the scsi ids to confirm
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recognition of the drive. The drive is preset to be recognized on scsi id
0. Or to the scsi id you may have set.
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How To Use the Non-hotswappable SCSI Compact Flash Drive
Non-hotswappable means you cannot insert nor remove the flash card
when the drive is ON. Inserting or removing the flash card when the
equipment is ON may cause data loss, corruption, and possible damage
to the card. But if you use a large capacity compact flash card such as a,
4GB, 8GB, or a 16GB, then there will be no need to change out the card
for quite some time.
Use the following recommendations:
All equipment must be off before inserting or removing card.
Carefully and gently insert card (label up) until completely in
Do not remove flash card when drive is ON
Turn OFF drive and sampler before removing card
Once again, this procedure is for informational purpose only. Any action
taken by anyone and everyone to modify any MPC2000XL sampler
using this procedure is/are at their own discretion(s) and agree to
accept all risk(s). You agree to be solely responsible and release of any loss, injury, liability, omissions, or inaccuracies of this procedure, or any other reason. Please do your own
research to further supplement this procedure.
It is a very good idea to review this section several times so that you
become very familiar with these simple guidelines.
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