Adaptec 2100S - SCSI RAID Controller Installation guide

Adaptec RAID
Installation Guide
R
Copyright
© 2001 Adaptec, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior
written consent of Adaptec, Inc., 691 South Milpitas Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035.
Trademarks
Adaptec and the Adaptec logo are trademarks of Adaptec, Inc., which may be
registered in some jurisdictions. Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT,
Windows Me, and Windows 2000 are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the US
and other countries, used under license.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Changes
The material in this document is for information only and is subject to change
without notice. While reasonable efforts have been made in the preparation of this
document to assure its accuracy, Adaptec, Inc. assumes no liability resulting from
errors or omissions in this document, or from the use of the information contained
herein.
Adaptec reserves the right to make changes in the product design without reservation
and without notification to its users.
Disclaimer
IF THIS PRODUCT DIRECTS YOU TO COPY MATERIALS, YOU MUST HAVE
PERMISSION FROM THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OF THE MATERIALS TO AVOID
VIOLATING THE LAW WHICH COULD RESULT IN DAMAGES OR OTHER
REMEDIES.
ii
Regulatory Compliance Statements
Federal Communications Commission Radio Frequency Interference Statement
WARNING: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction
manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. However, if this equipment
does cause interference to radio or television equipment reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one
or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help.
• Use a shielded and properly grounded I/O cable and power cable to ensure compliance of this unit to the
specified limits of the rules.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Adaptec, Inc.
SCSI RAID 2100S/3200S/3210S/3400S/3410S
ATA RAID 2400A
Tested to Comply
With FCC Standards
FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE
European Union Compliance Statement
This Information Technology Equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
following European directives:
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, as amended by 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC
EN 50081-1 (1992)
EN55022 (1994) Class B
EN 50082-1 (1992)
EN61000-4-2 (1998)
EN61000-4-3 (1998)
EN61000-4-4 (1995)
EN61000-4-5 (1995) Surges
Australian/New Zealand Compliance Statement
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to the Australian/New Zealand standard AS/NZS 3548 set out by the
Spectrum Management Agency.
iii
Canadian Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian InterferenceCausing Equipment Regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le
matérial brouilleur du Canada.
Japanese Compliance (Voluntary Control Council Initiative)
iv
Contents
1
Introduction
Read this First 1-2
System Requirements 1-2
Storage Requirements for Drivers and Software
Motherboard Compatibility 1-3
Kit Contents 1-3
Adaptec RAID Controller Features 1-4
Adaptec RAID Features – SCSI Only 1-5
About the Documentation 1-6
Using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD 1-6
Files and Folders 1-8
Product Documentation on CD 1-9
Errata and Release Notes 1-9
Installing the Adobe Acrobat Reader 1-10
Overview of the Installation Process 1-11
Cache Memory Module 1-12
Storage Management Software Overview 1-13
Safety Information 1-14
Notes, Cautions, and Warnings 1-14
Electrostatic Discharge 1-15
2
1-2
Installing Your Controller
Configuring ATA Drives 2-1
ATA Drives 2-1
ATA Cables 2-2
Configuring SCSI Devices 2-2
Narrow and Wide SCSI Devices
LVD and SE Devices 2-3
SCSI Cables 2-3
SCSI Device IDs 2-3
SCSI Termination 2-4
2-2
v
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing Additional Cache Memory 2-6
Seating the Module – Adaptec 3200S/3400S Only 2-6
Seating the Module – Adaptec 2400A/2100S/3210S/3410S
Only 2-7
Finishing up – All Models 2-7
Installing the Battery Backup Module 2-8
Installing the Controller 2-8
Determining the Booting Controller 2-9
Controller IRQ and Address 2-9
Using SMOR 2-10
3
Installing the Driver
Windows 2000 3-2
Installing the Driver in a New System 3-2
Adding the Controller to an Existing System 3-3
Upgrading Windows NT to Windows 2000 3-4
Windows NT 4.0 3-5
Installing the Driver in a New System with Only One
Controller 3-6
Installing the Driver in a New System with Other
Hardware 3-7
Upgrading the Controller in an Existing System 3-8
Changing the Driver in an Existing System 3-9
Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me 3-11
Installing the Driver in a New Windows 98/Me
System 3-12
Installing the Driver in a New System with Windows 95
(OEM SR2 – Version 95B) 3-14
Adding the Controller to an Existing Windows 95/98/
Me System 3-16
Upgrading Windows 95 to Windows 98/Me (Upgrade
Version) 3-18
Novell NetWare 3-18
Installing the Driver for a Boot Controller in a New
NetWare 4.11 Server 3-19
Installing the Driver in a Existing NetWare 4.11
Server 3-20
vi
Contents
Installing the Driver for a Boot Controller in a New
NetWare 4.2 Server 3-21
Installing the Driver in an Existing NetWare 4.2
Server 3-23
Installing the Driver for a Boot Controller in a New
NetWare 5 Server 3-24
Installing the Driver in an Existing NetWare 5
Server 3-25
SCO UNIX 3-26
Installing the Driver in a New OpenDesktop 3.x
System 3-26
Installing the Driver in a New OpenServer 5.0x
System 3-27
Adding the Controller to an Existing OpenDesktop 3.x
or OpenServer 5.x System 3-27
Adding the Controller to an Existing UnixWare 7
System 3-28
FreeBSD 3-29
Linux 3-30
Installing the Driver in a New Linux System 3-30
Installing the Driver in an Existing Linux System 3-32
4
Installing Storage Management Software
System Requirements 4-2
Installing Storage Manager Pro 4-2
Operating System Compatibility 4-2
Installation Prerequisites 4-3
Windows 4-3
NetWare 4.11 and 4.2 4-4
NetWare 5.x 4-6
Red Hat Linux and FreeBSD 4-7
Installing Storage Manager 4-8
Operating System Compatibility 4-8
Windows 4-8
NetWare 4-9
SCO UNIX 4-10
SCO UnixWare 7 4-10
FreeBSD 4-10
Linux 4-11
vii
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
A
Card and Module Diagrams
Adaptec ATA RAID 2400A A-2
Adaptec SCSI RAID 2100S A-3
Adaptec SCSI RAID 3200S A-4
Adaptec SCSI RAID 3400S A-5
Adaptec SCSI RAID 3210S/3410S A-6
Adaptec Battery Backup Module A-8
B
Controller LEDs
LED During Power-up B-2
LEDs During Controller Idle B-2
LEDs During Controller Active B-2
Cache Status LEDs B-3
Cache Status LEDs – Adaptec 2400A/3200S/3400S Only B-3
Cache Status LED – Adaptec 3210S/3410S Only B-4
SCSI Bus Status LEDs B-4
SCSI Bus Status LEDs – Adaptec 3200S/3400S Only B-4
SCSI Bus Status LEDs – Adaptec 3210S Only B-4
SCSI Bus Status LEDs – Adaptec 3410S Only B-5
C
Troubleshooting
D
Controller Reset Procedures
NVRAM Reset D-2
Flash Mode 0 D-2
E
viii
Specifications
1
Introduction
In this Chapter
➤ Read
this First
➤ System
➤ Kit
Requirements
Contents
➤ Adaptec
RAID Controller Features
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-4
➤ About
the Documentation
1-6
➤ Using
the Adaptec RAID Installation CD
1-6
➤ Installing
the Adobe Acrobat Reader
1-10
➤ Overview
of the Installation Process
1-11
➤ Cache
Memory Module
➤ Storage
➤ Safety
Management Software Overview
Information
1-12
1-13
1-15
1-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Read this First
Before you begin installing your new Adaptec RAID controller, read
this chapter. This chapter is an important guide to the rest of the
documentation and provides a summary of the installation process.
System Requirements
The following system requirements are discussed:
■
Storage requirements for drivers and software
■
Motherboard compatibility
■
ATA requirements – Adaptec 2400A only
■
SCSI requirements – Adaptec 2100S/3200S/3210S/3400S/3410S only
Storage Requirements for Drivers and Software
Adaptec Storage Management software and device drivers require
approximately 4 MB of disk space. The host system should have
64 MB of memory, and a Pentium processor that is at least as fast as
200 MHz. A mouse and SVGA color monitor are also required.
Adaptec Storage Manager Pro requires 40 MB of available disk space
for installation. The host system should have 64 MB of memory, a
Pentium processor (200 MHz or faster), and a video adapter capable
of 800 × 600 resolution with 256 colors.
1-2
Introduction
Motherboard Compatibility
The Adaptec controller requires a motherboard BIOS that
■
Complies with the PCI Local Bus Specification (revisions 2.1 and 2.2).
■
Supports multifunction devices where one of the devices is a
PCI bridge.
■
Provides large memory-mapped address ranges.
Most motherboards manufactured since 1997 have these
capabilities. Refer to the READ.ME file on the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD for information about motherboard issues that
Adaptec has uncovered when using Adaptec RAID controllers.
Kit Contents
Your Adaptec controller kit includes the following:
■
Adaptec controller card and cables, one of the following:
■
Adaptec ATA RAID 2400A controller with four internal
ATA/100 cables.
■
Adaptec SCSI RAID 2100S, 3200S, 3210S, 3400S, or 3410S
controller with 1 internal LVD SCSI cable with active
terminator.
■
Registration and warranty cards.
■
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide (this book).
■
Adaptec RAID Installation CD, a bootable CD that includes
RAID management software, drivers, and documentation.
1-3
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Adaptec RAID Controller Features
Adaptec RAID controllers support
1-4
■
RAID levels 0, 1, 5, multilevel 0/1 and 0/5.
■
Cache memory modules with ECC and predictive caching.
■
PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 2.2 with PCI clock speeds
up to 66 MHz.
■
Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows NT, Windows 95/98/Me,
Novell NetWare, SCO UNIX, Red Hat Linux, SuSE Linux, and
FreeBSD.
■
OS-independent configuration and RAID creation using
SMOR.
■
Local and remote configuration, array status, and I/O
monitoring using Adaptec Storage Manager Pro or Storage
Manager software.
■
Intelligent hot spares that automatically replace failed drives.
When multiple hot spares are available on a controller, the
intelligent hot spare algorithm picks the best spare based on
capacity and bus location. RAIDs are rebuilt automatically
using the new drive.
■
ASPI protocol support for third-party applications and utilities.
■
Flash ROM for easy upgrades of controller firmware, controller
BIOS, and SMOR.
■
Event logging and broadcasting, including messaging for
alphanumeric pagers.
■
Windows 2000 and Windows NT only—Array expansion and
extension during normal operation on RAID 0 or RAID 5
arrays with the NTFS file system. Refer to the Adaptec Storage
Manager Pro Software User’s Guide or the Adaptec Storage
Management Software User’s Guide for specific information.
Introduction
Adaptec RAID Features – SCSI Only
Adaptec 2100S, 3200S, 3210S, 3400S, and 3410S controllers support
■
Legacy SCSI drives (including hard disk, tape, CD-ROM,
CD-RW, and Magneto-Optical drives) and jukeboxes.
■
Active termination.
■
SAF-TE (SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosure) and SES
(SCSI Enclosure Services) for high-availability LAN (Local
Area Network) servers and storage subsystems.
RAID features are summarized in the table below:
Adaptec
2400A
Adaptec
2100S
Adaptec
3200S/3400S1
Adaptec
3210S/3410S
PCI bus width
32-bit
32-bit
64-bit
64-bit
PCI bus speed
33 MHz
33 MHz
33 MHz
66 MHz
Cache,
standard
32 MB
32 MB
32 MB
32/64 MB
Cache, max
capacity
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
256 MB
Channels
4
1
2/4
2/4
Devices per
channel
12
153
153
153
Total devices
4 ATA hard
drives
15 SCSI
devices
30/60 SCSI
devices4
30/60 SCSI
devices4
Connectors,
internal
4
1 high
density
2/4 high
density
2 high
density
Connectors,
external
N/A
1 VHDCI5
2/4 VHDCI5
2/4 VHDCI5
RAID 0, 1, 5,
0/1, JBOD
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RAID 0/5
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Hot spare
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes6
Yes
Yes
Yes
7
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Battery module
option
No
No
Yes
Yes
Hot swap
Audible alarm
1
The Adaptec 3200S and 3400S differ only in that the Adaptec 3400S has a
factory-installed daughter card that provides two additional channels.
2
The Adaptec 2400A supports ATA/66 and ATA/100 hard drives only.
1-5
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
3
SCSI RAID controllers support Ultra160 and legacy hard drives and non-harddrive devices, such as CD and tape drives.
4
Adaptec RAID software supports up to 64 hard drives per array and up to
2 Terabytes of storage capacity.
5
VHDCI (Very High Density Connector Interface).
6
Requires a special hot-swap carrier.
7
Indicates when activity has occurred that may require operator attention.
About the Documentation
The complete documentation set for Adaptec RAID controllers
consists of the following:
■
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide (this book)—Contains
information that helps you to configure and install your
Adaptec RAID controller and attached devices.
■
Adaptec Storage Manager Pro User’s Guide—Describes how to
use the Storage Manager Pro application to manage your
controller and storage subsystem.
■
Adaptec Adaptec Storage Management Software User’s Guide—
Describes how to use SMOR, Adaptec Storage Manager
software, and the RAIDUTIL command line utility.
Both Storage Manager Pro and Storage Manager provide online help
for creating and managing RAIDs, including topical and pop-up
help displays. The User’s Guides for both applications are included
on the Adaptec RAID Installation CD. Refer to page 1-9 for details.
Using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD
The Adaptec RAID Installation CD contains the RAID Management
Software, device drivers, and user documentation needed to install
and support your Adaptec RAID Controller.
1-6
Introduction
The Adaptec RAID Installation CD is a bootable disc, which means
you can use it to start up a computer that has no operating system
and configure a RAID, provided your computer recognizes
bootable CDs.
Note: If your computer is not set for bootable CD support,
change the system BIOS so that the CD drive is used as a
boot device.
If your computer has no operating system, the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD uses a Linux kernel to boot your computer, display a
user interface, and provide access to the following options:
■
Create driver disk(s)...—Enables you to create a driver disk for
any supported operating system.
■
Launch RAID configuration utility...—Starts Storage
Manager, which enables you to configure your RAID and build
disk arrays.
■
View documentation...—Displays a list of the available
product documents and the READ.ME file with the latest release
notes. Select a document name and click OK to view the
information.
■
Start a command shell (for UNIX or Linux users)—Starts a
Linux command shell. This lets you mount an additional
device or enter other system commands that might be required
during the installation.
■
Reboot—Restarts the computer system. If you do not want the
system to boot from the CD, remove the disc as soon as the
system begins to restart.
If your computer is booted to an operating system and you insert the
Adaptec RAID Installation CD in the drive, your computer
automatically reads the CD if it is set up to do so. If your computer
does not automatically read the CD, you can prompt it to read the CD
by clicking on autorun.exe, which presents the following options:
■
View Release Notes—Displays release notes containing the
latest information for Adaptec RAID products and software.
1-7
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
■
Install Adaptec Storage Manager—Installs Storage Manager
software. For an overview of the storage management software
options, refer to Storage Management Software Overview on
page 1-13.
■
Install Adaptec Storage Manager Pro—Installs Storage
Manager Pro software and Java environment. For an overview
of the storage management software options, refer to Storage
Management Software Overview on page 1-13.
■
Install Adobe Acrobat Reader—Installs Adobe Acrobat
Reader for Windows to let you view the Adaptec
documentation in PDF format. Versions of Acrobat Reader for
other platforms are also included, refer to Installing the Adobe
Acrobat Reader on page 1-10.
Files and Folders
If your installation process requires you to directly access files on the
Adaptec RAID Installation CD, you can save time by limiting your
browsing to the following files and folders, available at the root
level:
1-8
■
Autorun executable—In Windows, click on autorun.exe if
your computer does not automatically execute it when you
insert the CD in the drive.
■
DOCS folder—Contains the user documentation PDF files.
■
PACKAGES folder (and subfolders)—Contains the
management software and device drivers.
■
READ.ME text file—Contains additional technical
information about device compatibility, operating system
support, and drivers.
■
SOURCES Folder (and subfolders)—Contains driver source
files and other components developed under the GNU General
Public License (GPL) agreement.
Introduction
Product Documentation on CD
The Adaptec RAID Installation CD contains the following documents:
Subject
CD Location
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
/docs/RAID Install Gd 512910vAA.pdf
Storage Management Software User’s Guide
/docs/StorageMgt SW Gd 512862vAA.pdf
Storage Manager Pro User’s Guide
/docs/SM Pro SW Gd 512730vAA.pdf
You can view these documents only if you have Acrobat Reader or
Viewer installed on your computer. For details, refer to Installing the
Adobe Acrobat Reader on page 1-10.
You can download these documents from the Adaptec Web site at
http://www.adaptec.com. The documents available from the Adaptec
Web site may be more recent versions than those on the CD.
Errata and Release Notes
Before beginning your installation, review the errata and release
notes associated with the Adaptec controller, software, and
documentation. To read this information, select Release Notes from
the View Documentation list or open the READ.ME file in the root
directory of the CD using a text editor.
1-9
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing the Adobe Acrobat Reader
Both Adobe Acrobat Reader and Viewer are provided on the Adaptec
RAID Installation CD. These applications enable you to view the
Portable Document Format (PDF) files on the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD. Acrobat Reader is also available from Adobe as a free
download. For details, go to http://www.adobe.com.
How you use Reader or Viewer varies by operating system, as
described below:
■
Windows—To install Acrobat Reader, click autorun.exe and
choose the appropriate option.
■
UNIX—Use Acrobat Viewer because Reader is not available
for all operating systems. Your system must have Java Runtime
Environment 1.1.7B dated April 11, 2000 or later. The Viewer is
located on the Adaptec RAID Installation CD at /acrobat_java.
Note: You can download Java Virtual Machine (JVM) 1.1.7B
from http://developer.novell.com.
■
NetWare—Acrobat Reader and Viewer are not available for
this operating system or any DOS environment. You need to
use a computer that supports Acrobat Reader or Acrobat
Viewer.
■
Linux—Acrobat Reader is located on the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD at <CD mount location>/packages/Linux/RedHat/
apps/adobe. Be sure to use the full path when viewing this
location. If the path gets truncated, you may not see the correct
location.
1-10
Introduction
Overview of the Installation Process
The following steps provide an overview of the process of installing
and setting up the controller and configuring the RAID:
1
Read this entire chapter.
2
Verify that your motherboard is compatible with the controller.
For details, refer to Motherboard Compatibility on page 1-3.
3
Gain familiarity with the features and functions of the Adaptec
RAID Installation CD. Refer to page 1-6 for details.
4
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller, cache
memory module, and hard drives according to the instructions
in Chapter 2.
5
Use SMOR to check your cache memory module or set up your
boot array. Refer to Chapter 2.
6
Install the controller driver according to the instructions in
Chapter 3. If you are building a new system, installing the
driver involves installing the operating system, too.
Chapter 3 presents numerous scenarios for installing the
driver. Identify the scenario that applies to your system before
proceeding. When installing the driver , you may need to use
SMOR to configure the controller or create the array.
7
Optional—Install Adobe Acrobat Reader or Viewer if you do
not have Acrobat installed on your computer. If you need to
upgrade Acrobat, do so now. You need Acrobat to view and
print the documentation contained on the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD.
8
Select the appropriate storage management application for
your system. For an overview of the available systems, refer to
Storage Management Software Overview on page 1-13. For details,
read the Adaptec Storage Management Software User’s Guide and
Adaptec Storage Manager Pro Software User’s Guide provided on
the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
9
Install the storage management application you selected in
Step 8. Software installation procedures are described in
Chapter 4.
1-11
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Cache Memory Module
Adaptec cache memory modules provide up to 256 MB of highspeed SDRAM disk cache with ECC (Error Correction Coding).
Note: You must have at least 32 MB of cache installed. The
on-board processor uses 16 MB of the available memory.
Therefore, the RAID software shows 16 MB less than is
actually installed.
When ECC memory is installed, the green ECC Enabled (ECCEN)
LED is lit. (Non-ECC memory could work in your controller, but is
not recommended.) Refer to Appendix A for the location of the LED.
You can use non-Adaptec memory from qualified third-party
vendors. Visit www.adaptec.com for a list of memory types and
manufacturers that have been approved by Adaptec. Requirements
for non-Adaptec memory are described in the following table:
Controller
1
Sockets
Available
Capacities (MB)
Type
32 (as shipped),
64, or 128
3.3-V, 100-MHz (or faster)
PC100-compliant, 168-pin
ECC DIMM (Dual
In-line Memory Module).
Adaptec 2400A
1
Adaptec 2100S
1
Adaptec 3210S
1
32, 64, 128, or
256
Adaptec 3410S
1
64 (as shipped),
128, or 256
Adaptec 3200S/
3400S
21
32 (as shipped),
64, or 128
100-MHz SDRAM,
144-pin SODIMM.
AMM-232 (32 MB) or
AMM-264 (64 MB).
During normal operation, Socket 1 (designator J1) must always contain a memory
module. Refer to Appendix A, Card and Module Diagrams to verify the location of
Socket 1. When two sockets are in use, the modules must match each other in type and
capacity.
1-12
Introduction
Storage Management Software Overview
Your Adaptec RAID controller includes the following software tools
to manage your storage subsystem:
■
Storage Manager Pro—The Graphical User Interface (GUI)
through which you interact with the storage subsystem. It
provides an intuitive graphical interface that enables you to do
such things as create and manage RAID arrays, set up security
levels for users and administrators, establish the means of
notifying users of disk failures, etc.
Storage Manager Pro is supported under the following
operating systems:
■
Windows 2000, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 95/98
■
Novell NetWare 4.2; 5.x
■
Red Hat Linux 6.x
■
FreeBSD
In summary, Storage Manager Pro is Adaptec’s primary RAID
management tool. For details, refer to the Adaptec Storage
Manager Pro Software User’s Guide.
Note: You will be prompted to provide a user ID and
password when you start Storage Manager Pro. The default
user ID is administrator, the default password is adaptec. For
details, refer to the Storage Manager Pro User’s Guide.
■
Storage Manager—Older storage management software that
provides the same basic functionality as Storage Manager Pro,
but has the advantage of supporting the following additional
operating systems:
■
Windows Me
■
SuSE Linux 6.4 and 7.0
■
SCO UNIX
Furthermore, Storage Manager provides additional features,
such as DMI agents, that are not yet available in Storage
Manager Pro. Use Storage Manager if you require these
additional operating systems, or if you require a feature that
1-13
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
has not yet been incorporated into Storage Manager Pro. Keep
in mind however, that the advantage of Storage Manager Pro
over Storage Manager is its newer GUI, and its consistent look
and feel across operating systems and between client and
server platforms (due to it’s Java-based architecture). You can
use either tool as the primary RAID management utility. For
details, refer to the Adaptec Storage Management Software User’s
Guide.
■
RAIDUTIL Command Line Utility—Provides the same
functions as Storage Manager (or Storage Manager Pro) in
environments where a GUI is not available. It is also scriptable,
making it an invaluable companion RAID configuration utility
in environments where many similarly-configured RAID
subsystems must be replicated quickly. For details, refer to the
Adaptec Storage Management Software User’s Guide.
■
Storage Manager On ROM (SMOR)—A built-in utility that is
part of the controller’s BIOS code. You can start SMOR by
pressing Ctrl+A during BIOS startup. For details, refer to Using
SMOR on page 2-10.
1-14
Introduction
Safety Information
Any device that uses electricity must be treated with caution. To
ensure general safety, follow these guidelines:
■
Keep your work area and the computer clean and clear of
debris. Eliminate hazards such as spills or bad wiring.
■
Before opening the system cabinet, unplug the power cord.
Notes, Cautions, and Warnings
This Installation Guide uses notes, cautions, and warnings that
emphasize important information, as described below:
Note: Emphasizes important information that, if ignored,
would not result in injury, property damage, or data loss.
!
Caution: Emphasizes important information that, if ignored,
could cause equipment failure or loss of data.
WARNING: Indicates a hazard that could cause injury or
property damage.
Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a natural by-product of human
activity. ESD is transmitted by materials that retain and accumulate
electrical charges.
!
Caution: ESD can damage electronic components when they
are improperly handled and can result in complete or
intermittent failures. Always follow ESD-prevention
procedures when removing and replacing components.
1-15
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
To prevent ESD damage, follow these guidelines:
■
Always use an ESD wrist or ankle strap and ensure that it
makes skin contact.
■
Connect the equipment end of the strap to an unpainted metal
chassis surface.
■
If no wrist strap is available, ground yourself by touching the
metal chassis.
■
When installing or removing a component, use any available
ejector levers or captive installation screws to properly seat the
bus connectors in the backplane or card slot. These devices
prevent accidental removal, provide proper grounding for the
system, and help to ensure that bus connectors are properly
seated.
■
Handle adapter cards by available handles or edges only.
Avoid touching the printed circuit boards or connectors.
■
Avoid contact between printed circuit boards and clothing. The
wrist strap only protects components from ESD voltages on the
body; ESD voltages on clothing can still cause damage.
■
Place a removed component board-side-up on an antistatic
surface or in an approved antistatic container.
■
If you plan to return the component to Adaptec, immediately
place it in a static-shielding container.
1-16
2
Installing Your Controller
In this Chapter
➤ Configuring
ATA Drives
2-1
➤ Configuring
SCSI Devices
2-2
➤ Installing
Additional Cache Memory
2-6
➤ Installing
the Battery Backup Module
2-8
➤ Installing
the Controller
2-8
➤ Using
SMOR
2-10
Configuring ATA Drives
When configuring drives for the Adaptec 2400A, you need to
■
Select and configure compatible drives..
■
Attach supplied ATA cables.
ATA Drives
Your Adaptec 2400A controller supports ATA/66 and ATA/100
hard drives only. Use ATA/100 cables only.
RAID drives should be as alike as possible in terms of capacity and
performance. Set the drives to operate as a master (factory default).
If previously used, format the drive according to manufacturer’s
recommendations.
2-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
ATA Cables
ATA RAID controllers use ATA/100 cables. The cables supplied
with your controller kit have a blue connector at one end and a black
connector at the other end. Plug the blue connector into the
controller and the black connector into the hard drive.
!
Caution: Reversing the connection degrades the controller
performance.
Configuring SCSI Devices
When configuring devices for Adaptec 2100S, 3200S, 3210S, 3400S,
and 3410S controllers, you may need to
■
Decide how to position drives on the SCSI bus.
■
Select cables.
■
Enable or disable SCSI termination.
■
Set the SCSI IDs.
Note: SCSI drives should, in general, not be reformatted.
However, if your SCSI drive was formatted to a sector size
other than 512 bytes, you must reformat the drive before
you can use it in a RAID. Refer to the Adaptec Storage
Management Software User’s Guide for details.
In general, RAID drives should be as alike as possible in terms of
capacity and performance.
Narrow and Wide SCSI Devices
You can attach either Narrow (8-bit) or Wide (16-bit) SCSI devices to
your Adaptec SCSI controller. If you use Narrow and Wide devices
on the same Wide cable, put one of the Wide devices at the end of
the cable. This ensures that the 16-bit signals are correctly
terminated.
2-2
Installing Your Controller
Wide devices allow data to be transferred at twice the rate of
Narrow devices. The Wide bus is backward compatible with
Narrow devices, allowing both types of SCSI devices to be used with
the same controller. The Narrow interface is still used with some
SCSI devices, such as tape and CD drives.
LVD and SE Devices
Attaching a single-ended (SE) SCSI device to an LVD bus causes the
bus to slow down to Ultra SCSI speed (20 MHz) for all devices.
Note: Adaptec RAID controllers cannot be used with older
SCSI 5-V differential (DE) devices.
SCSI Cables
Adaptec recommends you using Ultra160 SCSI devices and good
quality LVD SCSI cables, which can be purchased from Adaptec, at
www.adaptec.com, or other suppliers.
SCSI Device IDs
The SCSI specification allows up to 7 SCSI devices (and a controller)
to be connected to a single 8-bit SCSI bus. A Wide SCSI bus can
support up to 15 devices and the controller.
All SCSI devices, including the controller, must be assigned a unique
SCSI ID. SCSI IDs, which are typically set using jumpers or switches
on peripheral devices, can be assigned any number from 0 to 7 for
8-bit SCSI devices or 0 to 15 for Wide SCSI devices.
Set the SCSI ID of each SCSI device attached to the controller to a
unique ID number between 0 and 6. The Adaptec RAID controller is
set to ID 7 by default (most SCSI controllers use ID 7). Wide SCSI
devices can also use SCSI IDs 8 through 15. SCSI IDs can only be
duplicated on the same controller if the devices using the same ID
are not attached to the same bus.
2-3
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
If necessary, the Adaptec RAID controller ID can be changed to any
ID from 0 through 7. You can use SMOR or the Configure Host Bus
Adapter window in Storage Manager to change the controller SCSI ID.
Note: Changing the controller ID is not recommended. You
should leave the Adaptec RAID controller set at SCSI ID 7.
SCSI Termination
The basics of termination are as follows:
■
■
Enable termination on the devices on each physical end of a
SCSI cable. Depending upon how you configure your system,
you would either
■
Enable termination on two SCSI peripheral devices, or
■
Enable termination on the SCSI controller and one
peripheral SCSI device.
If you are using multiple SCSI channels on a single controller,
terminate each channel separately.
SCSI termination for Adaptec SCSI RAID controllers is configured
through the SMOR utility or from the Configure Host Bus Adapter
window in Storage Manager. The controller has four possible
termination settings, as shown in the following table:
Setting
Function
Auto
Default—Used for all cabling conditions, except where
two Narrow cables are attached or both Narrow and Wide
cables are attached. For these exceptions, use High Only.
High Only
Terminates only the additional signals that are used on
Wide SCSI devices. This allows attachment of a Narrow
cable, or both a Wide and Narrow cable together, to be
attached to the controller.
Disabled
Disables controller termination unconditionally.
Enabled
Enables controller termination unconditionally.
Devices on the second bus (Bus 1) and higher (if the RAID controller
has more than two) must have Wide termination.
2-4
Installing Your Controller
By using a 68-pin to 50-pin SCSI cable adapter, a Narrow device can
be attached to a Wide cable along with Wide devices. However, the
device at the end of the cable must be a Wide device so that all SCSI
signals are terminated. For internal and external cables where one
cable is Narrow, set the controller termination to High Only.
The following figure shows various SCSI cabling examples.
Terminate your SCSI devices as shown in the examples, ensuring
that the devices at the ends of the cables are terminated and the
devices in the middle are not terminated. If only one cable is
attached, then one end is the controller, and must have its
termination enabled, as indicated in the diagrams where the circled
T is in the controller.
Note: SCSI only—Each channel being used on a multi-channel
RAID adapter must be terminated properly for its configuration.
Internal
Wide SCSI
Internal
Narrow SCSI
T
External
Wide SCSI
T
External
Narrow SCSI
T
T
Controller
Termination = Auto
Controller
Termination = High Only
Internal
Wide SCSI
Internal
Narrow SCSI
T
T
External
Narrow SCSI
T
T
External
Wide SCSI
Internal
Wide SCSI
T
T
Controller
Termination = Auto
T = Terminated
External
Wide SCSI
T
T
Controller
Termination = High Only
2-5
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing Additional Cache Memory
Adaptec RAID controllers can be upgraded with additional cache
memory. See Cache Memory Module on page 1-12 for additional
information about memory modules for cache memory.
To install cache memory modules
1
Ground yourself and take appropriate ESD precautions.
2
If necessary, power down your system and remove the RAID
adapter.
Note: Adaptec 3200S/3210S/3400S/3410S with battery backup
module only—Remove the battery backup module before
installing or removing cache memory.
3
Proceed to the appropriate section for your controller:
■
Seating the Module – Adaptec 3200S/3400S Only on page 2-6.
■
Seating the Module – Adaptec 2400A/2100S/3210S/3410S Only
on page 2-7.
Seating the Module – Adaptec 3200S/3400S Only
Holding the circuit board and module by the edges, slide the
module into the socket as shown below. Refer to Appendix A for
socket locations.
2-6
Installing Your Controller
From the side view shown below, you can see that the module is
placed into the socket at an angle. Then, press the module into place
until the metal clips click into the sides of the module and holds it
securely.
Seating the Module – Adaptec 2400A/2100S/3210S/3410S Only
Holding the circuit board and module by the edges, slide the
module into the socket as shown below. Refer to Appendix A for the
location of the socket.
Press the socket into place and press the white plastic clips against
the module until they hold the module securely.
Finishing up – All Models
To confirm that the modules are properly installed
1
Insert the RAID adapter back into the system.
2
Start SMOR.
3
Select the controller to display the amount of cache memory
reported. The amount of cache reported is always 16 MB less
than what you actually installed.
2-7
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing the Battery Backup Module
To install the battery backup module in Adaptec 3200S, 3210S,
3400S, and 3410S controllers, plug it in as shown below.
Note: The socket location in the figure below is for
Adaptec 3200S/3400S controllers only. Refer to Appendix A
for socket locations on Adaptec 3210S/3410S controllers.
Installing the Controller
To install the controller in the system cabinet
1
Connect the computer’s disk activity LED cable to the
appropriate connector on the controller. See Appendix A for
the location of this connector for your controller model.
Ensure that the positive lead of the LED cable (usually a red
wire or a wire marked with a red stripe) is attached to pin 1
or 3 and the negative lead (usually a black wire) is attached to
pin 2 or 4.
2
Connect any internal drive cables now.
3
Install the controller in an available 32- or 64-bit PCI bus slot
and secure the controller bracket to the host system cabinet
with the screw provided with the system.
In a system with multiple controllers, the controller that has
the lowest BIOS ROM address (typically, the lowest numbered
PCI slot) will become the booting controller. If you require the
RAID controller to become the booting controller, you may
2-8
Installing Your Controller
need to move another controller in your system to
accommodate this requirement.
4
SCSI only—Connect any external cables to the controller.
Note: If you have disk drives attached to a SCSI controller
with a Symbios chipset, use SMOR to set the Bootable
Devices option to Disable.
Determining the Booting Controller
Adaptec RAID controllers are shipped with a controller BIOS ROM
enabled for PCI assignment. This BIOS intercepts and processes
Int13 BIOS calls with an embedded DOS driver.
The controller BIOS ROM can be disabled or the address changed
automatically by the system’s Plug-and-Play BIOS. In systems with
multiple Adaptec controllers, the first Adaptec RAID controller
found during boot loads its BIOS and installs all of the other
Adaptec controllers. Any additional Adaptec RAID controllers that
are found automatically detect the presence of the first controller
and disable their BIOS. The disk controller that has the lowest BIOS
ROM address (typically, the lowest PCI slot number) will become
the booting controller.
Ensure that the Adaptec ROM occupies the lowest address if you
want the Adaptec controller to be the booting controller in a system
with controllers from multiple manufacturers.
Some system BIOS manufacturers select the smallest add-in BIOS as
the first candidate, therefore slot selection has no effect on which
adapter BIOS loads first. In this case, you need to disable the BIOS
on selected adapters to control which adapter is the boot controller.
This procedure can also be helpful in situations where it is
physically difficult to manage the slot order.
Controller IRQ and Address
During the host system boot process, the system BIOS should
automatically configure the controller BIOS interrupt level (IRQ)
and memory location for all Adaptec PCI controllers in the system.
If problems occur, refer to Appendix C for additional help.
2-9
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Using SMOR
You need to run SMOR in systems where you need to configure the
controller and set up disk arrays before the operating system has
been installed. Run SMOR as directed in the installation procedures
in this Installation Guide to:
■
Check the cache memory module after installing the controller
(refer to Step 2 on page 2-7).
■
Configure the controller as a boot controller after installing the
controller (refer to Determining the Booting Controller on
page 2-9).
■
Create disk arrays during driver installation (see Chapter 3).
After your system is set up, you can use all of the advanced features
of Storage Manager Pro or Storage Manager to modify and improve
the RAID. Complete SMOR documentation is provided in the
Adaptec Storage Management Software User’s Guide.
To run SMOR and configure a new system
1
Press Ctrl+A when the Adaptec I2O BIOS message appears
during boot to start SMOR.
Note: The Adaptec RAID Installation CD boot utility can create
a bootable floppy disk that will run SMOR. This disk
automatically starts SMOR, enabling you to perform
configuration tasks when you can’t start SMOR from the
SCSI RAID controller using Ctrl+A.
2
Inspect the hardware configuration.
a Verify that all peripheral devices and controllers are shown.
If any devices are missing from the display, exit SMOR and
check your hardware connections.
b View the Information window for each controller to verify
that all installed expansion and memory modules are
shown. Write down the IRQ and address displayed in the
Configuration tab—you may need this information later.
2-10
Installing Your Controller
3
If the boot device will be an array, create that array now. You
can create or modify array groups later.
4
Exit SMOR.
The system begins building arrays that you created or
modified. For large arrays, this process may take several hours.
You can perform other activities on the system while the build
operation continues. However, access time will be slower until
the build is complete.
If you are adding the controller to an existing system that already
has an operating system with Storage Manager Pro or Storage
Manager installed, you can monitor the progress of the build
operation. For additional information, refer to the Adaptec Storage
Manager Pro User’s Guide or the Adaptec Storage Management Software
User’s Guide.
2-11
3
Installing the Driver
In this Chapter
➤ Windows
2000
3-2
➤ Windows
NT 4.0
3-5
➤ Windows
95, Windows 98, and Windows Me
➤ Novell
➤ SCO
NetWare
UNIX
3-11
3-18
3-26
➤ FreeBSD
3-29
➤ Linux
3-30
This chapter presents several scenarios for installing the controller
driver. Identify the appropriate scenario and read the entire
procedure and related explanations before proceeding.
3-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Windows 2000
The following sections describe procedures for installing the
Adaptec RAID controller with Windows 2000. The following
installation scenarios are described:
■
Installing the Driver in a New System on page 3-2
■
Adding the Controller to an Existing System on page 3-3
■
Upgrading Windows NT to Windows 2000 on page 3-4
Note: The Adaptec driver for Windows 2000 does not
include a digital signature. Your system may display
warning messages about this condition. Bypass the
warnings and continue with the installation. The driver will
function normally when the upgrade or installation is
complete.
Installing the Driver in a New System
In this scenario, you are installing the Adaptec RAID controller in a
new system that has no operating system. To install the driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
3-2
Installing the Driver
3
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
4
Insert the Windows 2000 setup media (floppy disk or CD) and
restart the system to begin the Windows 2000 installation.
5
When the Windows 2000 installation starts, a blue screen
appears after the hardware detection message. When
prompted to install a third-party driver, press F6.
Note: You only have 5 seconds to press the F6 key during the
installation startup. A prompt appears at the bottom of the
screen when F6 is active. Press F6 at this time; otherwise,
you must restart the Windows 2000 installation process to
complete this procedure correctly.
6
When Windows 2000 starts for the first time, it launches the
Found New Hardware Wizard. Click Next. Then, select Search
for suitable driver for my device and click Next again.
7
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 2. Select the floppy
disk and click Next. The wizard should find the Adaptec RAID
Adapter.
8
Click Next and follow the instructions. Eventually, the
installation will require that the system shut down and restart.
After the restart, respond to any further instructions as needed
to complete the installation.
Adding the Controller to an Existing System
In this scenario, you are adding an Adaptec RAID controller to a
system that already has a Windows 2000 operating system. To install
the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
3-3
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
2
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
3
Install and configure your controller and hard drives according
to the instructions in Chapter 2.
4
Start Windows 2000. Windows launches the Found New
Hardware Wizard, which searches for the controller.
5
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 1.
6
Select the floppy disk as the source and then click Next.
7
Click Next in the succeeding two windows that appear and
follow the on-screen instructions to complete the controller
installation.
Upgrading Windows NT to Windows 2000
In this scenario, you already have an Adaptec RAID controller
installed in your system. However, because you are upgrading to a
new operating system, you need to put the correct driver into the
new operating system. To install the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
3-4
Installing the Driver
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
2
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD.
3
Restart the system.
4 Click the Windows Start button, select Run, and type
a:\w2kprep.exe.
5
Remove the driver disk.
6
Insert the Windows 2000 CD and run the setup.exe program.
Setup copies some files and then reboots the system.
7
When the system is restarting, a blue screen appears after the
hardware detection message. When prompted to install a
third-party driver, press F6.
Note: You only have 5 seconds to press the F6 key during the
installation startup. A hardware detection message appears
when F6 is active. Press F6 at this time; otherwise, you must
restart the installation process to complete this procedure
correctly.
8
When prompted, insert the driver disk you created in Step 1
and select Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter Driver for
Windows 2000. Press Enter and follow the instructions
displayed.
Windows NT 4.0
The following driver installation scenarios exist for
Windows NT 4.0:
■
Installing the Driver in a New System with Only One Controller on
page 3-6
■
Installing the Driver in a New System with Other Hardware on
page 3-7
3-5
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
■
Upgrading the Controller in an Existing System on page 3-8
■
Changing the Driver in an Existing System on page 3-9
Note: If you choose the Microsoft I2O Operating System
Module (OSM) in place of the Adaptec driver, you cannot
use Adaptec storage management software.
Installing the Driver in a New System with Only One
Controller
In this scenario, you are installing an Adaptec RAID controller and
Windows NT 4.0 in a new system that does not have other hardware
that requires the use of Windows NT mass storage detection.
Note: If Windows NT is to coexist with another operating
system, the other operating system must be installed before
you install Windows NT.
To install the driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Start up the system. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
3
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
3-6
Installing the Driver
4
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
5
Insert the Windows NT setup media (floppy disk or CD) and
restart the system.
6
If prompted, skip Setup’s mass storage detection. Press S to
Specify Additional Devices.
7
Select Other, then insert the driver disk you created in Step 3.
8
Select Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter Driver for NT 4.0.
9
Press Enter and continue with the installation as described in
the Windows NT documentation.
Installing the Driver in a New System with Other Hardware
In this scenario, you are installing an Adaptec RAID controller in a
new computer system with another controller from another
manufacturer or other hardware that requires the use of
Windows NT mass storage detection. To install the driver
1
Create a driver disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD. To
create a driver disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
2
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
3
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
3-7
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
4
Start up the system. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
5
Insert the Windows NT CD in the drive and restart the system.
6
When prompted, press Enter to initiate Setup’s mass storage
detection. Windows NT detects any controllers for which it has
built-in drivers. Once your other hardware is detected, cancel
out of any further detection.
7
Shut down and restart your system.
8
You are prompted to either press S to specify additional
controllers or press Enter to continue Windows NT installation
without specifying additional controllers.
Press S to Specify Additional Devices. Select Other, then insert
the driver disk you created in Step 1.
9
10
Select Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter Driver for NT 4.0.
Press Enter and continue with the installation according to the
instructions in the Windows NT documentation.
Upgrading the Controller in an Existing System
In this scenario, you are removing a controller from a working
Windows NT 4.0 system and substituting an Adaptec RAID
controller.
Note: If you have already installed an Adaptec RAID
controller in your system and want to change drivers, refer
to Changing the Driver in an Existing System on page 3-9
instead of this procedure.
To install the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
3-8
Installing the Driver
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
2
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
3
Restart the system and open the Control Panel. Click the SCSI
Adapters icon. Then select the Drivers tab and click Add.
4
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 1 and then click Have
Disk.
5
Select Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter Driver for NT 4.0.
6
After the driver is loaded, shut down the system.
7
Replace the existing controller with the Adaptec RAID
controller. For installation details, refer to Chapter 2.
8
Start up the system.
9
If you are removing the old controller, you should also remove
the old driver. To do so, open the Control Panel, click the SCSI
Adapters icon, and then select the old driver and click
Remove.
Changing the Driver in an Existing System
In this scenario, you are changing the driver in an existing
Windows NT 4.0 system that already has an Adaptec RAID
controller installed. To change the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of its functions.
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
3-9
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
2
Shut down the system and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
3
Restart the system and open the Control Panel. Click the SCSI
Adapters icon. Then select the Drivers tab and click Add.
4
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 1 and then click Have
Disk.
5
Select Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter Driver for NT 4.0.
6
After the driver is loaded, shut down the system.
7
Install and configure the Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2. Leave the
existing controller installed.
8
Start up the system.
3-10
Installing the Driver
Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me
The following installation scenarios are discussed:
■
Installing the Driver in a New Windows 98/Me System on page 3-12
■
Installing the Driver in a New System with Windows 95 (OEM SR2
– Version 95B) on page 3-14
■
Adding the Controller to an Existing Windows 95/98/Me System on
page 3-16
■
Upgrading Windows 95 to Windows 98/Me (Upgrade Version) on
page 3-18
Creating the Driver Disk
Each of the procedures for installing the driver in each case requires
a slightly different procedure. However, all the procedures require
you to create a driver disk. To create the driver disk
1
Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive.
2
Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used to
manage all of its functions.
3
Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to get
to the Adaptec splash screen.
4
When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create Driver
Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
5
Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
6
Shut down the system, and remove the Adaptec RAID
Installation CD and the driver floppy disk.
CD-ROM Support
Before you can install Windows, you need to verify that you can use
your CD drive to install Windows. Identify the scenario that applies
to your situation and follow the recommendations below:
■
If the CD drive plugs into the motherboard or is on an ATA
controller, use the Windows startup floppy disk included with
the Windows CD.
3-11
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
■
If the CD drive is on a SCSI controller other than an Adaptec
RAID SCSI controller, refer to the CD drive guide.
■
If the CD drive is on an Adaptec SCSI RAID controller, create a
driver disk for DOS in addition to creating a driver disk for
Windows as described in Creating the Driver Disk on page 3-11.
Use the DOS driver disk to execute setupcd.exe to establish
CD-ROM support.
Installing the Driver in a New Windows 98/Me System
In this scenario, you doing a full installation on one disk drive or
array group using an Adaptec RAID controller in a new system. To
install the driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Start up the system. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
3
Shut down the system and reboot from a bootable DOS disk.
4
Run fdisk and create a primary DOS partition of an appropriate
size.
5
Mark the primary DOS partition Active.
6
Reboot the system from the DOS disk.
7
Perform a system format by typing format c: \s.
8
Remove the boot disk from the floppy disk drive and reboot
the system from the C drive.
9
Insert the Windows installation CD in the drive and type
d:\setup where d: is the letter assigned to your drive.
10
3-12
Follow the Windows installation prompts.
Installing the Driver
11
During one of the device detection boot processes, Windows
identifies a PCI Card device. Click Next and display the list of
drivers from a specific location.
Note: If you are not prompted for a PCI card or the Device
Manager shows PCI Card with a yellow exclamation mark in
the Other Devices list, you might need a patch so that your
motherboard chipset recognizes multifunction bridge
controllers. Contact your motherboard vendor and apply
the patch. After the patch is installed and the system is
restarted, Windows repeats the device discovery process. If
you are installing the operating system, go back to Step 11
and continue the procedure. If you are adding an Adaptec
RAID controller to an existing system, go to Step 6 on
page 3-17 and continue with the procedure.
12
When prompted, insert the driver disk you created (page 3-11)
and select Have Disk. The system restarts.
Note: If more than one Adaptec RAID controller is installed
in the computer, repeat Steps 11 and 12 for each controller.
13
Open the Device Manager. Select the SCSI and RAID
Controllers icon. The Device Manager should now show an
Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter.
14
Optional: Using a text editor, remove the mscdex entry from
your autoexec.bat file. When you complete the installation
procedure, these config.sys and autoexec.bat file entries may no
longer be needed.
3-13
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing the Driver in a New System with Windows 95
(OEM SR2 – Version 95B)
In this scenario, you are installing a bootable Adaptec RAID
controller in a new system with Windows 95 (OEM SR2 version).
Note: If your version of Windows predates SR2, you must
install windows and upgrade to SR2 before installing the
Adaptec RAID controller.
To install the driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Start up the system. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
3
Shut down the system and reboot from a bootable DOS disk.
4
Run fdisk and create a primary DOS partition of an appropriate
size.
5
Mark the primary DOS partition Active.
6
Reboot the system from the DOS disk.
7
Perform a system format by typing format c: \s.
8
Remove the DOS disk and insert the driver disk you created
earlier (refer to page 3-11).
9
Remove the driver disk.
10
Reboot the system.
11
Insert the Windows 95 OEM SR2 CD.
12
Type d:\setup where d: is the letter assigned to your CD
drive.
13
Follow the Windows installation prompts. When Windows is
fully installed, proceed to the next step.
3-14
Installing the Driver
14
Open the Device Manager. Look for a PCI Card entry under the
Other Devices category. There may be multiple entries if you
have multiple Adaptec RAID controllers installed. There may
also be an entry called PCI Memory Controller.
15
Select PCI Card and then select Update Driver from the Driver
tab.
Note: If you are not prompted for a PCI card or memory
controller driver, or if the Device Manager shows PCI Card
with a yellow exclamation mark in the Other Devices list,
you might need a patch for your motherboard chipset to
recognize multifunction bridge controllers. Contact your
motherboard vendor and apply the patch. After the patch is
installed and the system is restarted, Windows will repeat
the device discovery process. If you are installing the
operating system, go back to Step 14 and continue the
procedure. If you are adding an Adaptec RAID controller to
an existing configuration, go to Step 6 on page 3-17 and
continue the procedure.
16
Insert the driver disk you created earlier (refer to page 3-11)
and let Windows search for the drivers.
17
Windows should identify the PCI card as Adaptec I2O RAID
Host Adapter. Select Finish. At this point, you might need to
force Windows to copy the driver from the floppy drive
instead of the CD drive.
18
When prompted regarding testing the device ROM, select
Cancel.
19
Open the Device Manager. If the Other Devices category shows
a PCI memory controller, select it, click the Driver tab, and
select Update Driver.
20
Let Windows search for the drivers on the disk your created
earlier (refer to page 3-11).
21
Windows should now identify the PCI memory controller as
Adaptec I2O Memory Adapter. Select Finish. At this point, you
might need to force Windows to copy the driver from the
floppy drive instead of the CD drive.
3-15
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
22
If you system contains multiple Adaptec RAID controllers,
repeat Steps 14 through 21 for each controller. The system
should ask you to reboot when this action is completed.
23
The Device Manager should now show an Adaptec I2O RAID
Host Adapter in the SCSI and RAID Controllers section.
24
Optional: Using a text editor, remove the following entries from
your config.sys file:
device=i2oddl.sys
device=dptcdrom.sys
25
Optional: Using a text editor, remove the mscdex entry from
your autoexec.bat file. When you complete the installation
procedure, these config.sys and autoexec.bat file entries may no
longer be needed.
Adding the Controller to an Existing Windows 95/98/Me
System
In this scenario, you are adding an Adaptec RAID controller to an
existing Windows 95/98/Me system. To install the driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Start up the system. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
3
4
Restart the system.
3-16
If Windows prompts for a driver to support a PCI card, go to
Step 11.
Installing the Driver
5
If Windows did not discover the devices during startup, open
the Device Manager. Look for a PCI card entry in the Other
Devices category. There may be multiple entries if you have
multiple Adaptec RAID controllers installed. There may also
be an entry for a PCI memory controller.
Note: If you are not prompted for a PCI card or memory
controller driver, open the Device Manager. If the Device
Manager displays PCI Card with a yellow exclamation mark
in the Other Devices list, you might need a patch for your
motherboard chipset to recognize multifunction bridge
controllers. Contact your motherboard vendor and apply
the patch. After the patch is installed and the system is
restarted, Windows repeats the device discovery process.
Continue the procedure.
6
Select PCI Card and then select Update Driver from the Driver
tab.
7
Insert the driver disk you created earlier (refer to page 3-11)
and let Windows search for the drivers.
8
Windows should now identify the PCI card as Adaptec I2O
RAID Host Adapter. Select Finish. At this point, you might need
to force Windows to copy the driver from the floppy drive
instead of the CD drive.
9
When prompted regarding testing the device ROM, click
Cancel.
10
Open the Device Manager. If the Other Devices category shows
a PCI memory controller, select it, click the Driver tab, and
select Update Driver.
11
Let Windows search for the drivers from the driver disk you
created earlier (refer to page 3-11).
12
Windows should now identify the PCI memory controller as
Adaptec I2O Memory Adapter. Select Finish. At this point, you
may need to force Windows to copy the driver from the floppy
drive instead of the CD drive.
3-17
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
13
If your system contains multiple Adaptec RAID controllers,
repeat Steps 6 through 12 for each Adaptec RAID controller.
14
Restart the system and then open the Device Manager. It
should now show an Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter in the
SCSI and RAID Controllers section.
Upgrading Windows 95 to Windows 98/Me (Upgrade Version)
If you are upgrading the system from Windows 95 to
Windows 98/Me in an existing system that already has a
functioning Adaptec RAID controller, no further configuration is
necessary. Perform the Windows upgrade; the functionality of the
Adaptec RAID controller is retained.
If the controller is being added in addition to the upgrade, follow the
procedure in Installing the Driver in a New Windows 98/Me System on
page 3-12.
Novell NetWare
The Adaptec RAID Installation CD contains device drivers for
NetWare 4.11, 4.2, and 5.x. The following Novell support packs are
the minimum level required before installing Adaptec RAID
controller software and drivers:
NetWare Revision Level
Support Pack
4.11 or 4.2
8a
5.0
5
5.1
1
After you have installed the drivers, you can use the normal
NetWare procedures for modifying disk partitions, applying hot
fixes, or performing volume maintenance.
3-18
Installing the Driver
Installing the Driver for a Boot Controller in a New
NetWare 4.11 Server
In this scenario, you are installing an Adaptec RAID controller as a
boot controller in a new NetWare 4.11 server with other hardware.
Note: Part of this procedure requires that you have enough
free space on your C drive to hold the contents of the
NetWare CD.
To install the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive and a
blank floppy disk in the floppy disk drive.
b Copy all the files in \packages\netware\4.11\driver to the
floppy disk.
c Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
2
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2. Verify that
the Adaptec RAID controller is the primary controller. If other
controllers are present, install the Adaptec RAID boot
controller in a lower-numbered PCI slot than the other
controllers.
3
Install and configure a secondary controller, if any.
4
Start up the server. During restart, press Ctrl+A to start SMOR.
Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to Using
SMOR on page 2-10.
5
Create a 750-MB DOS partition on the Logical Storage Unit
(LSU), which can be a drive or array group, with the lowest
LSU ID.
6
Boot the server to DOS from the partition you created in Step 5.
Verify that you load the required CD drivers.
7
Insert the NetWare 4.11 CD.
3-19
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
8
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 1 and run dpt411.bat.
This utility copies the necessary files to the C drive.
9
Run install.bat from the C drive.
10
When asked to select a disk driver select i2opci.nlm. Enter the
slot number where the controller is installed and press F10.
11
Select Save parameters and load driver.
12
Select Yes to select another driver.
13
Select bkstrosm.ham. Enter the slot number where the
controller is installed and press F10.
14
Select Save parameters and load driver.
15
Install any additional drivers and continue the installation.
16
Select Edit startup.ncf. If needed, edit the file so that i2opci.nlm
is listed before bkstrosm.ham in your startup.ncf file.
17
Continue with the NetWare installation according to the
Novell documentation.
18
Upgrade your NetWare version to the minimum patch level
specified by Novell.
Installing the Driver in a Existing NetWare 4.11 Server
In this scenario, you are integrating an Adaptec RAID controller into
an existing NetWare 4.11 server as a secondary controller. To install
the driver
1
Upgrade your existing NetWare server to the minimum patch
level specified by Novell.
2
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive and a
blank floppy disk in the floppy disk drive.
b Copy all the files in \packages\netware\4.11\driver to the
floppy disk.
c Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
3-20
Installing the Driver
3
Shutdown the server.
4
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller as a
secondary controller according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
Note the slot occupied by the controller; you will need this
information later in the install process.
5
Start up the server. During restart, press Ctrl+A to start SMOR.
Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to Using
SMOR on page 2-10.
6
Start NetWare.
7
When the console prompt appears, type load install and
press Enter.
8
Select Product Options and press Enter.
9
Select Install a Product Not Listed and press Enter.
10
Insert the disk you created in Step 2 and install I2O and Block
Storage support only.
11
Accept the defaults for the remaining install options.
12
Return to the main install screen and select NCF Options.
13
Select Edit startup.ncf. If needed, edit the file so that i2opci.nlm
is listed before bkstrosm.ham in your startup.ncf file.
14
Shutdown and restart the server.
Installing the Driver for a Boot Controller in a New
NetWare 4.2 Server
In this scenario, you are installing an Adaptec RAID controller as the
boot controller in a new NetWare 4.2 server. To install the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive and a
blank floppy disk in the floppy disk drive.
b Copy all the files in \packages\netware\4.2\driver to the floppy
disk.
3-21
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
c Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
2
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller as the
primary controller according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
3
Create a directory on the C drive named nwupdate.
4
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 1.
5
Type copy a:\*.* c:\nwupdate.
6
Start the NetWare installation program from the NetWare CD.
Select the Custom Installation option.
7
On the Server Drivers – Summary menu, highlight Disk and
CD-ROM Drivers and press Enter.
8
Highlight Select an Additional Driver and press Enter.
a Select i2opci.nlm and press Enter.
b Enter the slot number.
c Highlight Save Parameters and Continue and press Enter.
9
10
When prompted to select an additional driver, select Yes.
Select bkstrosm.ham and press Enter.
a Enter the slot number.
b Highlight Save Parameters and Continue. Press Enter.
11
When prompted to select an additional driver, select No.
12
Highlight Continue Installation and press Enter.
13
Select Edit startup.ncf. If needed, edit the file so that i2opci.nlm
is listed before bkstrosm.ham in your startup.ncf file.
14
Continue with the NetWare 4.2 installation according to the
Novell documentation.
15
Upgrade your existing NetWare server to the minimum patch
level specified by Novell.
3-22
Installing the Driver
Installing the Driver in an Existing NetWare 4.2 Server
In this scenario, you are integrating an Adaptec RAID controller into
an existing Novell NetWare 4.2 server as a secondary controller. To
install the driver
1
Upgrade your NetWare server to the minimum patch level
specified by Novell.
2
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive and a
blank floppy disk in the floppy disk drive.
b Copy all the files in \packages\netware\4.11\driver to the
floppy disk.
c Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
3
Shutdown the server.
4
Install and configure the Adaptec RAID controller as a
secondary controller according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
Note the slot occupied by the controller; you will need this
information later in the install process.
5
Start up the server. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
6
Start NetWare.
7
When the console prompt appears, type load install and
press Enter.
8
Select Install a Product and press Enter.
9
Select Install a Product Not Listed and press Enter.
10
Insert the disk you created in Step 2 and install I2O and block
storage support only.
11
Accept the defaults for the remaining options.
12
Return to the main install screen and select NCF Options.
3-23
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
13
Select Edit startup.ncf. If needed, edit the file so that i2opci.nlm
is listed before bkstrosm.ham in your startup.ncf file.
14
Shutdown and restart the server.
Installing the Driver for a Boot Controller in a New
NetWare 5 Server
In this scenario, you are installing the Adaptec RAID controller as a
boot controller in a new NetWare 5 server. To install the driver
1
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive and a
blank floppy disk in the floppy disk drive.
b Copy all the files in \packages\netware\5.x\driver to the floppy
disk.
c Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
2
Install the Adaptec RAID controller as the primary controller
and attach the disk drives.
3
Start up the server. During restart, press Ctrl+A to start SMOR.
Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to Using
SMOR on page 2-10.
4
Install and configure a secondary controller, if any.
5
Create a directory on the C drive named nwupdate.
6
Insert the driver disk you created in Step 1.
7
Copy a:\ to c:\nwupdate.
8
Start the NetWare installation program from the CD.
9
On the Server Drivers – Summary menu, highlight Disk and
CD-ROM Drivers and press Enter.
10
When prompted select i2opci.nlm and bkstrosm.ham as
drivers.
11
Complete the NetWare installation according to the Novell
documentation.
3-24
Installing the Driver
12
Select Edit startup.ncf.
13
Install the latest support pack for NetWare 5.
Installing the Driver in an Existing NetWare 5 Server
In this scenario, you are integrating an Adaptec RAID controller into
an existing Novell NetWare 5 server as a secondary controller. To
install the driver
1
Upgrade your NetWare server to the minimum patch level
specified by Novell.
2
Create a driver floppy disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
To create the disk
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD in your drive and a
blank floppy disk in the floppy disk drive.
b Copy all the files in \packages\netware\5.x\driver to the floppy
disk.
c Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
3
Shutdown the server.
4
Install and configure the Adaptec RAID controller as a
secondary controller according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
Note the slot occupied by the controller, you will need this
information later in the install process.
5
Start up the server. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
6
Start NetWare and insert the driver disk you created in Step 2.
7
When the console prompt appears, type load nwconfig and
press Enter.
8
Select Driver.
9
Select Disk Driver.
10
Install i2opci.nlm and bkstrosm.ham. Specify a:\ as the location
for the files.
3-25
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
SCO UNIX
The Adaptec RAID Installation CD contains a driver for each version
of SCO. You use the CD to create driver disks. Two disks are
required to store all of the drivers. To create the driver disks
1
Start up the system from the CD and select Create driver disks.
2
Select the SCO operating system you are using.
3
Insert floppy disks when prompted until all drivers are copied.
Alternatively, you can use the dd command to copy the disk images
directly from the CD to a floppy disk. The following disk images are
on the Adaptec RAID Installation CD:
Driver
Storage Manager and RAIDUTIL
Open Desktop 3.x
/packages/
Open_Desktop_3/image
/packages/
Open_Desktop_3/apps/sm
OpenServer 5.x
/packages/
Open_Server_5/image
/packages/
Open_Server_5/apps/sm
Installing the Driver in a New OpenDesktop 3.x System
In this scenario, you are installing SCO UNIX OpenDesktop 3.x on a
single drive or array group. To install the driver
1
Start up the system with the N1 disk.
2
At the boot prompt, type
defbootstr link=dpti4
3
When prompted for the SCO BTLD disk, insert the driver disk
you created earlier.
4
Insert the N1 or Boot Disk again when prompted.
5
Insert the N2 disk when prompted. In the Hardware Roster,
the following line should appear:
% adapter type=dpti ha=0 id=7 channel=0, PCI
6
3-26
Continue the installation according to the SCO documentation.
Installing the Driver
Installing the Driver in a New OpenServer 5.0x System
In this scenario, you are installing SCO UNIX OpenDesktop 3.x or
OpenServer 5.0x on a single drive or array group. To install the
driver
1
Start up the system with the SCO UNIX boot disk.
2
For OpenServer 5.0x, at the boot prompt type
defbootstr ahslink=dpti5
For OpenServer 5.04 or later, at the boot prompt type
defbootstr link=dpti5
3
When prompted for the SCO BTLD disk, insert the driver disk
you created earlier (refer to page 3-26).
4
Insert the N1 or Boot Disk again when prompted.
5
Insert the N2 disk when prompted. During the Hardware
Roster, the following line should appear:
% adapter type=dpti ha=0 id=7 channel=0, PCI
6
Continue the installation according to the SCO documentation.
Note: If you are installing from tape or CD, OpenServer 5.x
locates the tape or CD automatically.
Adding the Controller to an Existing OpenDesktop 3.x or
OpenServer 5.x System
In this scenario, you are adding an Adaptec RAID controller to an
existing Open Desktop 3.x or OpenServer 5.x system. To install the
driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Boot SCO UNIX.
3
After SCO UNIX has booted, insert the driver disk you created
earlier (refer to page 3-26).
3-27
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
4
To run the installpkg utility, type installpkg -d disk/.
SCO UNIX reads the disk and prompts you to enter the
package name to be installed.
5
Type dpti4 for Open Desktop 3.x and dpti5 for SCO
OpenServer 5.x.
6
After the package is installed, rebuild the kernel.
7
Restart the system.
8
Install the new kernel.
9
Add devices to the controller.
Adding the Controller to an Existing UnixWare 7 System
In this scenario, you are adding an Adaptec RAID controller to an
existing UnixWare 7 system. To install the driver
1
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
2
Download the latest I2O supplement for UnixWare 7 from the
SCO Web site—it should be ptf7066c or higher.
3
Uncompress the PTF file you downloaded in Step 2 and move
the file to the /tmp directory.
4
Use the pkgadd utility to install the I2O supplement by typing:
pkgadd -d /tmp/ptf7066c
5
Follow the on-screen prompts to install the SCO UnixWare I2O
supplement.
6
Shutdown and reboot the system.
Note: Upon restarting, several warning messages may
appear and scroll off the screen quickly. These will not occur
after diskadd is run and can be ignored.
7
3-28
Use the diskadd utility to add drives or arrays that are attached
to an Adaptec RAID controller.
Installing the Driver
8
9
If you need to add devices to a secondary controller, open a
terminal window and type sdiconfig -l. This utility
returns the device address for all controllers recognized by the
operating system and any attached devices. (You will need this
information to perform Step 9.) The device address is of the
format cCCbBBtTTdDD, where
■
CC specifies the controller ID.
■
BB is the controller channel (or bus) number of the bus to
which the disks are attached. The range is 0 - 7.
■
TT is the target ID (TID). The range is 0 - 31.
■
DD (the second “D”) is always zero.
To add a drive to a secondary controller, type
diskadd cCCbBBtTTdDD
For example, a new drive or array is connected to a secondary
Adaptec RAID controller on Channel A and the drive has a
TID 0. The controller number is 1 because it is a secondary
controller. Therefore, the command would be
diskadd c1b0t0d0
For details on diskadd, refer to the diskadd(1M) man page.
FreeBSD
The Adaptec RAID controller driver is embedded in the kernel for
versions 4.1.1 and later. Therefore, you do not need to do anything
related to driver installation once your operating system is installed.
Note: For the most up-to-date information on Adaptec’s
support of FreeBSD, or to download driver sources, visit
http://opensource.adaptec.com.
3-29
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Linux
The Adaptec RAID controller supports Red Hat 6.2 and 7.0 and SuSE 6.4
and 7.0 with kernel versions 2.2.14-5.0, 2.2.16-22, 2.2.14, and 2.2.16.
Note: For the most up-to-date information on Adaptec’s
support of Linux, or to download driver sources, visit
http://linux.adaptec.com.
Installing the Driver in a New Linux System
In this scenario, you are installing the controller in a new Red Hat
Linux system.
Note: This installation procedure applies to Red Hat
Linux only.
To install the driver
1
Create the driver disk using the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
a Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD.
b Boot from the CD. The CD loads a Linux kernel that is used
to manage all of the CD functions.
c Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to
get to the Adaptec splash screen.
d When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create
Driver Disk. Then, click the appropriate operating system.
e Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
driver disk.
f Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver
floppy disk.
3-30
Installing the Driver
2
Install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and hard
drives according to the instructions in Chapter 2.
3
Start up the server. During startup, press Ctrl+A to start
SMOR. Use SMOR to create the RAID. For details, refer to
Using SMOR on page 2-10.
Note: Any partitions created on disks that are not part of an
array will be unavailable if you subsequently use the disk in
a RAID configuration. If your hard drives do not have
partition tables or do not contain a recognizable partition,
you will be prompted to initialize these disks. The operating
system can automatically remove the data or you can
manually partition the drives. For more information, refer to
the Red Hat documentation.
4
Insert the Red Hat Linux boot floppy disk in the floppy disk
drive and the Red Hat CD Disk 1 in the CD drive.
5
Start up the system.
6
When the Red Hat welcome screen appears, type expert at
the boot prompt.
7
When prompted, insert the driver disk you created in Step 1
and select OK.
8
Follow the prompts to setup your preferred environment; for
example, your preferred language and keyboard type.
9
If you are installing from a CD, select Local CD-ROM. The
system asks you to add a device. Select Add device.
10
Scroll down and select the Adaptec driver. The system informs
you that it has found the Adaptec I2O RAID Host Adapter.
11
If you intend to install other third-party devices, proceed with
the installation of those devices. Otherwise, select Done.
12
Continue with the Linux installation according to the Red Hat
documentation.
3-31
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing the Driver in an Existing Linux System
The Adaptec RAID Installation CD contains precompiled module
drivers and storage management software in RPM (Red Hat
Package Manager) format. For current information, visit http://
linux.adaptec.com.
The 2.0 driver RPM has precompiled module drivers for the
following kernels:
Vendor
Version
Kernel Version
Red Hat
7.0
2.2.16-22; 2.2.16-22smp
6.2
2.2.14-5.0; 2.2.14-5.0smp
7.0
2.2.16; 2.2.16smp
6.4
2.2.14; 2.2.14smp
SuSE
Note: If your kernel is not listed, you need to create a
custom driver.
To add the driver
1
Type the appropriate command, one of the following:
rpm -Uvh <cd mnt pt>/packages/Linux/RedHat/apps/sm/dptdriver*
rpm -Uvh <cd mnt pt>/packages/SuSE_7.0/apps/sm/dptdriver*
rpm -Uvh <cd mnt pt>/packages/SuSE_6.4/apps/sm/dptdriver*
2
To activate the driver, reboot your server or type
depmod -a; insmod dpt_i2o.
3
3-32
Run fdisk, mkfs, and create mount points for any new drives.
4
Installing Storage
Management Software
In this Chapter
➤ System
Requirements
4-2
➤ Installing
Storage Manager Pro
4-2
➤ Installing
Storage Manager
4-8
As described in Storage Management Software Overview on page 1-13,
you can use either Storage Manager or Storage Manager Pro as your
primary RAID management utility. Familiarize yourself with the
differences between these two software tools to ensure that you
choose the option that best suits your needs.
4-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
System Requirements
You need a system that meets the following minimum hardware
requirements:
■
Pentium or equivalent CPU that is at least as fast as 200 MHz
■
64 MB of RAM (128 MB of RAM for NetWare)
■
60 MB of disk space for Storage Manager Pro. The software
occupies 20 MB, and uses an additional 40 MB during
installation
■
Mouse or other pointing device
■
CD drive
■
TCP/IP stack
■
Graphics card and monitor capable of 800 × 600 resolution and
256 colors
Note: Storage Manager for UNIX Motif displays colors
correctly only if your video display adapter is set to display
256 colors.
Installing Storage Manager Pro
Operating System Compatibility
Storage Manager Pro runs on the following operating systems:
■
Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows NT 4.0, and Windows 95/98
(see page 4-3)
■
Novell NetWare 4.x and 5.x (see page 4-4)
■
FreeBSD (see page 4-7)
■
Red Hat Linux 6.x and 7.0 (see page 4-7)
Storage Manager Pro’s remote management capabilities are only
available on your system if it contains a network card configured to
use the TCP/IP protocol.
4-2
Installing Storage Management Software
Installation Prerequisites
The prerequisites for installing Storage Manager Pro are that you
have already installed the following:
■
Adaptec RAID controller and drives. Refer to Chapter 2,
Installing Your Controller.
■
Controller driver. Refer to Chapter 3, Installing the Driver.
Storage Manager Pro requires approximately 60 MB of free disk
space during the installation process. After the installation is
complete the application uses approximately 20 MB of disk space.
Note: When you start Storage Manager Pro, you will be
prompted to provide a user ID and password. The default
user ID is administrator, the default password is adaptec. For
details, refer to the Storage Manager Pro User’s Guide.
Note: If you already have Storage Manager Pro installed on
your computer, you must uninstall it before reinstalling it.
To uninstall Storage Manager Pro, refer to the Adaptec
Storage Manager Pro User’s Guide.
Windows
When you install Storage Manager Pro for Windows, you
automatically install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.1.8, which is
required to run Storage Manager Pro. This does not conflict with any
other version of the JRE or Java Development Kit (JDK) you have
installed.
Note: Do not install Storage Manager Pro on a network drive,
because Storage Manager Pro runs as a Windows NT/2000
service and services do not have network access rights.
To install Storage Manager Pro on Windows
1
If you are using a Windows 2000 or Windows NT system,
verify that you have administrator privileges.
4-3
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
2
If your Windows system is configured to automatically start
CD software, insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD into your
drive and when the installation menu appears click Install
Adaptec Storage Manager Pro.
If your system does not start the CD automatically, browse the
CD and click autorun.exe. Click Install Adaptec Storage
Manager Pro to begin the installation.
3
From the drop-down list box, select the language you want.
This selects only the language for the installation information.
It does not affect the language used in Storage Manager Pro.
4
Click OK. The Storage Manager Pro Introduction window
appears.
5
Follow the on-screen installation instructions in the Product
Name setup dialog boxes.
6
When the installation is complete, click Done.
7
Restart your computer so that changes take effect.
NetWare 4.11 and 4.2
As prerequisites for installing Storage Manager Pro, you need to
1
Install the minimum support packs for your NetWare server.
2
Configure the IP address for the sever. If you do not use or
have access to DNS, add an entry to the sys:\etc\hosts file that
contains the IP address of your server and its name. This
allows Java applications to resolve the local host to the IP
address of your server.
3
Install Novell Client 32 on a client workstation. From the
workstation, log in to the target Novell Server as the
administrator.
4
Install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.1.7B dated
April 11, 2000 or later. This package is available from http://
developer.novell.com.
4-4
Installing Storage Management Software
Note: Storage Manager Pro does not run on JRE 1.2.2.
Therefore, if you have JRE 1.2.2 installed on your server, you
still need to install JRE 1.1.7B.
5
Edit the server’s sys:\system\autoexec.ncf file by typing startx
at the end of the file. This command initializes the graphics
console and the appropriate Java modules for Storage
Manager Pro.
To install Storage Manager Pro
1
Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD into your drive.
2
Mount the Adaptec RAID Installation CD as a NetWare volume
by typing cdmount adaptecraid_v1 /x=usr.
3
For NetWare 4.11, from the system console type
load adaptecraid_v1:\packages\netware\4.11\apps\SMPro\setup.nlm
For NetWare 4.2, from the system console type
load adaptecraid_v1:\packages\netware\4.2\apps\SMPro\setup.nlm
4
If Storage Manager Pro is not already installed, skip this step. If
Storage Manager Pro is already installed, you must uninstall
Storage Manager Pro before reinstalling it. To uninstall
a Shut down the ASMProServer service by typing asmpstop
from the system console.
b Select the Remove Above Product option to uninstall.
5
From the Select Product Option window, select Adaptec
Storage Manager Pro and press Enter. When the process is
complete, the files will be installed in sys:\adaptec\smpro.
6
Press Enter to continue or F3 to specify a different path.
7
When you are asked to update the autoexec.ncf file, press Enter.
The appropriate NLM command lines and search path are
added to autoexec.ncf so that the Storage Manager Pro Server
(ASMProServer) is started automatically when you reboot
your computer.
4-5
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
The autoexec.ncf file now contains
search add SYS:\Adaptec\SMPro
asmpsrvr.ncf
8
Press Esc to exit when prompted.
9
To begin using Storage Manager Pro, restart the server.
Alternatively, you can start Storage Manager Pro without
shutting down the server by typing
startx
search add sys:\adaptec\SMPro
asmpsrvr.ncf
NetWare 5.x
As prerequisites for installing Storage Manager Pro in a NetWare 5.x
system, you need to
1
Install the minimum support packs for your NetWare server.
2
Configure the IP address for the sever. If you do not use or
have access to DNS, add an entry to the sys:\etc\hosts file that
contains the IP address of your server and its name. This
allows Java applications to resolve the local host to the IP
address of your server.
To install Storage Manager Pro
1
Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD into your drive. The
server automatically mounts the CD.
2
From the system console, type
load adaptecraid_v1:\packages\netware\5.x\apps\SMPro\setup.nlm
3
If Storage Manager Pro is not already installed, skip this step. If
Storage Manager Pro is already installed, you must uninstall
Storage Manager Pro before reinstalling it. To uninstall
a Shut down the ASMProServer service by typing asmpstop
from the system console.
b Use the Remove Above Product option to uninstall.
4-6
Installing Storage Management Software
4
From the Select Product Option window, select Adaptec
Storage Manager Pro and press Enter. When the process is
complete, the files will be installed in sys:\adaptec\smpro.
5
Press Enter to continue or F3 to specify a different path.
6
When you are asked to update the autoexec.ncf file, press Enter.
The appropriate NLM command lines and search path are
added to autoexec.ncf so that the Storage Manager Pro Server
(ASMProServer) is started automatically when you reboot
your computer.
The autoexec.ncf file now contains
search add SYS:\Adaptec\SMPro
asmpsrvr.ncf
7
Press Esc to exit when prompted.
8
To begin using Storage Manager Pro, restart the server.
Alternatively, you can start Storage Manager Pro without
shutting down the server by typing
search add sys:\adaptec\SMPro
asmpsrvr.ncf
Red Hat Linux and FreeBSD
As prerequisites for installing Storage Manager Pro, you need to
■
Verify that you have root privileges.
■
Install TCP/IP network support.
■
Install a desktop GUI.
To install Storage Manager Pro
1
2
To run setup.bin, change to the appropriate path, either of the
following
Linux
/packages/Linux/RedHat/apps/smpro/
FreeBSD
/packages/FreeBSD/apps/smpro/
Type ./setup.bin.
The installer creates symbolic links in /usr/local/bin for the
Storage Manager Pro executables.
4-7
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Installing Storage Manager
Storage manager occupies approximately 5 MB of hard disk space.
Operating System Compatibility
Storage Manager runs on the following operating systems:
■
Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows NT 4.0, and
Windows 95/98/Me (see page 4-8)
■
Novell NetWare 4.x and 5.x (Remote communication client
only) (see page 4-9)
■
SCO UNIX OpenServer 5 and UnixWare 7.x (see page 4-10)
■
FreeBSD (see page 4-10)
■
Red Hat Linux (see page 4-11)
■
SuSE Linux (see page 4-11)
Storage Manager’s remote management capabilities are only
available on your system if it contains a network card configured to
use the TCP/IP protocol.
Windows
If Windows is configured to automatically start CD software, insert
the Adaptec RAID Installation CD into your drive and when the
installation menu appears click Install Adaptec Storage Manager.
If your system does not start the CD software automatically, browse
the CD and click autorun.exe. Click Install Adaptec Storage
Manager to begin the installation.
If you intend to use remote communications, be sure to select the
Communication Server option. The installation program detects
which version of Windows you are using and installs the
appropriate Storage Manager files and device driver for your
operating system.
Configuring the Controller Cache in Windows NT and Windows 2000
If you are using Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000, perform the
following tasks after you install Storage Manager to ensure
optimum data cache performance:
4-8
Installing Storage Management Software
1
Start Storage Manager and double-click on the controller icon
to display the Host Bus Adapter Info window.
2
Select Configure to display the Configure Host Bus Adapter
(HBA) window.
3
Select Caching. When the HBA Caching Configuration dialog
box appears, click Advisory for both settings.
4
Select OK to exit the dialog and save the changes.
5
Restart your computer so that changes take effect.
NetWare
As a prerequisite for installing Storage Manager on NetWare, your
network must include at least one client workstation that supports
Storage Manager. Therefore, in addition to installing Storage
Manager on your server, you must also install Storage Manager on a
client workstation. You manage your RAID from the client.
To install Storage manager for NetWare
1
Mount the CD. For NetWare 5, refer to the Novell documentation.
For NetWare 4.11 or 4.2, type
cd mount adaptecraid_v1 /x=usr
2
Type
adaptecraid_v1\package\netware\5.x\apps\sm\dptinst.nlm
You are prompted to select whether to load the remote
communication support immediately or delay loading until
the server is restarted. If you wait until the server restarts, you
cannot monitor the RAID from a remote client until the server
is shut down and restarted. If you load remote communication
support immediately, the remote communication support is
loaded and available as soon as you exit the install program.
3
Install Storage Manager on a client workstation. Refer to the
appropriate section for details.
4-9
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
SCO UNIX
Note: The Motif version of Storage Manager for SCO UNIX
will not display colors correctly if your video display
adapter is set to display more than 256 colors.
Adaptec Storage Manager for SCO UNIX is installed automatically
by the installpkg utility during the driver installation process. Refer to
Installing the Driver in a New OpenDesktop 3.x System on page 3-26.
SCO UnixWare 7
To install Storage Manager for UnixWare 7
1
To mount the CD, type
mount -r -F cdfs /dev/cdrom/cdrom1 /mnt
where /mnt is the target or mount point for the device at
/dev/cdrom/cdrom1.
2
To install the software from the CD, type
pkgadd -d /mnt/packages/UnixWare/apps/sm/DPTSM.PKG
3
Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
FreeBSD
Storage Manager is designed to work on FreeBSD systems with
kernel version 4.1.1.
To install Storage Manager for FreeBSD
1
Mount the CD by typing mount /cdrom.
2
Install the software from the CD by typing
pkg_add /cdrom/packages/FreeBSD/apps/sm/adptfbsd_???.tgz
where ??? refers to the version (for example, 311, 312, etc.)
3
Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
4
Unmount the CD by typing umount /cdrom.
4-10
Installing Storage Management Software
Linux
Storage Manager for Linux requires X-Window support. Storage
Manager includes LessTif components and supports the following
environments:
■
K Desktop Environment (KDE)
■
GNU Network Object Environment (GNOME) GUI
Note: Use of more than 256 colors in your GUI can result in
Storage Manager displaying incorrect colors. If this occurs,
reset your color setting to use only 256 colors.
Install Storage Manager from the Adaptec RAID Installation CD by
typing the appropriate command:
rpm -Uvh <cd mnt pt>/packages/Linux/RedHat/apps/sm/dptapps*
rpm -Uvh <cd mnt pt>/packages/SuSE_6.4/apps/sm/dptapps*
rpm -Uvh <cd mnt pt>/packages/SuSE_7.0/apps/sm/dptapps*
4-11
A
Card and Module Diagrams
In this Appendix
➤ Adaptec
ATA RAID 2400A
A-2
➤ Adaptec
SCSI RAID 2100S
A-3
➤ Adaptec
SCSI RAID 3200S
A-4
➤ Adaptec
SCSI RAID 3400S
A-5
➤ Adaptec
SCSI RAID 3210S/3410S
A-6
➤ Adaptec
Battery Backup Module
A-8
A-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Adaptec ATA RAID 2400A
IRQ
ECCEN
ECCERR
876543 21
LEDs
J1
J7
J8
J10 1
Busy LED
J4 IDE 0
J6 IDE 2
J11 IDE 1
J12 IDE 3
J16
SIMM Socket
P1
PCI Connector
Part
Description
ECCEN
ECC enabled LED (green)
ECCERR
ECC error LED (red)
IRQ, 8..1
Adapter activity LEDs
J1
NVRAM reset
J4
IDE 0 cable connector
J6
IDE 2 cable connector
J7
Reserved—do not use
J8
Flash Mode 0
J10
Hard drive activity LED connector
J11
IDE 1 cable connector
J12
IDE 3 cable connector
J16
Cache memory socket. (During operation, this socket
must contain a memory module.)
P1
PCI connector
A-2
Card and Module Diagrams
Adaptec SCSI RAID 2100S
J10
IRQ 8
7 6 5 4 3 21
P6 P4
J1
P9
J11
PCI Connector
Part
Description
IRQ, 8..1
Adapter activity LEDs
J1
Cache memory socket. (During operation, this socket
must contain a memory module.)
J10
Internal Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel A
J11
External Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel A
P1
PCI connector
P4
Pins 1–2 NVRAM reset
Pins 3–4 Reserved—do not use
P6
Hard drive activity LED connector. (Pin 1 is nearest the
top edge of the board.)
P9
Flash Mode 0
A-3
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Adaptec SCSI RAID 3200S
IRQ 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
P4 P6
Audible
Alarm
ECCERR
TRMEN-B
TRMENHD-A
TRMEN-A
TRMPWR-B
TRMPWR-A
ECCEN
P3 P9
J10
J14
J7
J12
J11
J8
J2
J1
J15
P1
PCI Connector
Part
ECCEN
ECCERR
IRQ, 8..1
J1
J2
J7, J8
J10
J11
J12
J14
J15
P1
P3
P9
P4
P6
TRMEN-A/B
TRMENHD-A
TRMPWR-A/B
A-4
Description
ECC enabled LED (green)
ECC error LED (red)
Adapter activity LEDs
Cache memory socket 1. (During operation, this socket
must contain a memory module.)
Cache memory socket 2. (Memory is optional for this socket.)
Reserved
Internal Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel A
External Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel A
Battery module connector
Internal Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel B
External Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel B
PCI connector
Reserved
Flash Mode 0
Pins 1–2 NVRAM reset; Pins 3–4 Reserved—do not use
Device activity LED conn. (Pin 1 is nearest the top edge of the board.)
Termination enabled status LED
Upper 8-bit termination status LED for Channel A
Termination power status LED
Card and Module Diagrams
Adaptec SCSI RAID 3400S
IRQ
P4 P6
87654321
Audible
Alarm
ECCERR
TRMEN-B
TRMENHD-A
TRMEN-A
TRMPWR-B
TRMPWR-A
ECCEN
P3 P9
J10
J14
J7
J12
J11
J8
J2
J1
J15
PCI Connector
Part
Description
ECCEN
ECC enabled LED (green)
ECCERR
ECC error LED (red)
IRQ, 8..1
Adapter activity LEDs
J1
Cache memory socket 1. (During operation, this socket
must contain a memory module.)
J2
Cache memory socket 2. (Memory is optional for this socket.)
J12
Battery module connector
P3
Pins 1–2 Retry
P1
PCI connector
P4
Pins 1–2 NVRAM reset
Pins 3–4 Reserved—do not use
P6
Hard drive activity LED connector. (Pin 1 is nearest the
top edge of board.)
P9
Flash Mode 0
TRMEN-A/B
Termination-enabled status LED
TRMENHD-A
Upper 8-bit termination status LED for Channel A
TRMPWR-A/B
Termination power status LED
A-5
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Adaptec SCSI RAID 3210S/3410S
J10
J12
J11
J16
Busy LED
HPT370
Not available on
Model 3210S
NVRAM
MISCL
J5
J18
J14
Adaptec
Adaptec
AIC-7899W
Audible
Alarm
J6
J1
PCI Connector
J19
Front View
ECCERR
TERMEN_A
TPOWERA
TERMEN_B
TPOWERB
TERMEN_C
TPOWERC
TERMEN_D
TPOWERD
IRQ
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Back View — LEDs Only
A-6
Card and Module Diagrams
Part
Description
ECCERR
ECC Error LED (red)
IRQ, 8..1
Adapter activity LEDs
J1
Cache memory socket. (During operation, this socket
must contain a memory module.)
J5
Pins 1–2 NVRAM reset
Pins 3–4 Reserved—do not use
J6
Flash Mode 0
J10
Internal Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel A
J11
External Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channels A & B
J12
Battery module connector
J14
Internal Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channel B
J16
External Wide Ultra160 SCSI connector for Channels C & D
J18
Hard drive activity LED connector. (Pin 1 is nearest the
bracket.)
J19
Reserved—do not use
TPOWERA
Termination power status LED
TPOWERB
Termination power status LED
TPOWERC
Adaptec 3410S only—Termination power status LED
TPOWERD
Adaptec 3410S only—Termination power status LED
TERMEN_A
Termination-enabled status LED
TERMEN_B
Termination-enabled status LED
TERMEN_C
Adaptec 3410S only—Termination-enabled status LED
TERMEN_D
Adaptec 3410S only—Termination-enabled status LED
A-7
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
Adaptec Battery Backup Module
TRICKLE
CHARGE
WARNING: If the battery is incorrectly replaced, it can
explode. Replace only with the same or equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used
batteries according to the battery manufacturer’s
instructions.
J1
P12
A-8
Part
Description
J1
Battery cable connector
P12
Connector to Adaptec 3200S/3400S controller
TRICKLE
LED indicator for trickle charge activity
CHARGE
LED indicator for charging/recharging cycle
B
Controller LEDs
In this Chapter
➤ LED
During Power-up
B-2
➤ LEDs
During Controller Idle
B-2
➤ LEDs
During Controller Active
B-2
➤ Cache
➤ SCSI
Status LEDs
Bus Status LEDs
B-3
B-4
Adaptec RAID controllers provide LEDs that let you visually
monitor controller activity. Several different controller states are
indicated by the LEDs as outlined in the following sections.
Additional LEDs indicate the status of the cache memory on the
controller. See Appendix A for the location of the LEDs on your
controller.
B-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
LED During Power-up
During its power-up sequence, the controller passes through the
following states in sequence, as indicated by the LEDs:
Note: The address translation unit (ATU), PCI bridge, and
cache module (if installed) must be configured and enabled
before controller initialization can be completed. If any of
these components are not configured or become disabled
during the Fast Idle phase, the pattern reverts to the wait
pattern of the affected component.
LEDs During Controller Idle
When no commands are in progress and all bus activity has ceased,
the controller enters the idle state. This is indicated by a rotating
pattern in LEDs 1 through 8.
LEDs During Controller Active
When the controller is active, the LEDs indicate any of the following
states:
Condition
Memory Mapped
I/O
Bridge
Fast Idle
B-2
LED Display
LEDs 6 and 7 and LEDs 5 and 8 flash alternately
while the controller waits for the host computer to
initialize the ATU on the PCI bus.
LEDs 5 and 7 and LEDs 6 and 8 flash alternately
while the controller waits for the host computer to
initialize its PCI-to-PCI bridge.
After the ATU and PCI bridge have been enabled, the
controller enters a fast idle pattern while waiting for
the controller initialization commands.
Controller LEDs
When the power-up sequence is complete, viewing the LEDs can
help you determine the operating status of the controller. These LED
patterns are also useful for troubleshooting. Refer to Appendix C for
more information on interpreting LED patterns.
LED
Function
1
Indicates that controller is working and interrupts are enabled.
During controller activity, this LED flashes four times per
second.
2
Indicates the occurrence of a nonmaskable interrupt (NMI) to
the I/O processor on the controller.
3
Indicates the controller’s internal operating system is in its idle
loop.
4
Indicates that the controller’s internal operating system is
processing an interrupt.
5
Reserved for future use.
6
Indicates that the cache controller is using Direct Memory
Access (DMA) to perform a data transfer.
7
Indicates the controller is generating parity information for a
RAID 5 array (hardware XOR).
8
Indicates that there is a command on the peripheral bus.
IRQ
Indicates the controller activated an interrupt on the host PCI
bus.
Cache Status LEDs
Cache failure information is recorded in the controller error log and
can be viewed using the Event Log window in Storage Manager.
Cache Status LEDs – Adaptec 2400A/3200S/3400S Only
The following LEDs on the Adaptec RAID controller indicate the
status of the onboard cache RAM:
■
ECCEN (ECC Enable)—Lit (green) when the installed cache
module has ECC.
■
ECCERR (ECC Error)—Lit (red) when a correctable or
noncorrectable error has been detected in a cache memory
module. After an error has been corrected (assuming the error
B-3
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
is correctable), ECCERR remains lit until the controller is
powered down.
Refer to Appendix A for the location of the LEDs on your controller.
Cache Status LED – Adaptec 3210S/3410S Only
These controllers provide the ECCERR (ECC Error) cache status
LED. This LED is lit (red) when a correctable or noncorrectable error
has been detected in the cache memory module. After the error has
been corrected (assuming the error is correctable), ECCERR remains
lit until the controller is powered down. Refer to Appendix A for the
location of ECCERR on your controller.
SCSI Bus Status LEDs
SCSI Bus Status LEDs – Adaptec 3200S/3400S Only
The following bus status LEDs are provided:
■
TRMPWR-A, TRMPWR-B—Lit when termination power is
supplied by the controller for the respective channels.
■
TRMEN-A, TRMEN-B—Lit when termination is enabled on
the controller for the respective channels.
■
TRMENHD-A—High-byte enable LED for Channel A that
indicates that the upper 8 bits of a 16-bit bus are terminated to
support an 8-bit bus segment. This LED is lit when the HighOnly option is selected for bus termination.
SCSI Bus Status LEDs – Adaptec 3210S Only
The following bus status LEDs are provided:
B-4
■
TPOWER_A, TPOWER_B—Lit when termination power is
supplied by the controller for the respective channels.
■
TERMEN_A, TERMEN_B —Lit when termination is enabled
on the controller for the respective channels.
Controller LEDs
SCSI Bus Status LEDs – Adaptec 3410S Only
The following bus status LEDs are provided:
■
TPOWER_A, TPOWER_B, TPOWER_C, TPOWER_D—Lit
when termination power is supplied by the controller for the
respective channels.
■
TERMEN_A, TERMEN_B, TERMEN_C, TERMEN_D—Lit
when termination is enabled on the controller for the
respective channels.
B-5
C
Troubleshooting
This appendix provides answers to many frequently asked
questions. If a situation occurs that is not covered in this appendix,
or if these recommendations do not correct the problem, contact
Adaptec Technical Support.
When the controller BIOS displays the hard drives during startup, a device fails to
appear.
The power cable or the interface cable may be loose or disconnected.
Windows NT displays a blue screen error message that references the system video
controller.
The video controller fails to properly implement extended BIOS data
area (EBDA) usage rules. Use SMOR to enable the EBDA Relocation
option.
In addition to the Adaptec controller, the system contains another manufacturer’s
controller. During startup, the system hangs or one controller cannot communicate
with its attached drives.
Perhaps the other controller does not correctly implement EBDA
usage rules. Use SMOR to try a different setting for the EBDA
relocation parameter or rearrange the controller slot assignments.
Alternatively, if your system BIOS supports configuring the boot
order, you can also try changing those settings.
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Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
The controller fails to respond and the IRQ LED (and possibly other LEDs) remains lit.
The IRQ LED indicates that the controller IRQ assignment is
pending. This usually indicates an IRQ conflict with another card.
Verify that each card is set to a unique IRQ. Refer to Appendix A for
the location of the LEDs on your controller.
The controller does not respond and one of the following LED patterns occurs during
startup:
IRQ 6 and 7 alternating with IRQ 5 and 8
IRQ 5 and 6 alternating with IRQ 7 and 8
IRQ 5 and 7 alternating with IRQ 6 and 8
These patterns indicate that the controller is not being configured by
the motherboard BIOS. This could be because your motherboard
BIOS is not compatible with the Adaptec controller. This
incompatibility could be because it does not support multifunction
devices where one of the devices is a PCI bridge or because it does
not support large, memory-mapped, address ranges.
Refer to Chapter 1 of this Installation Guide and the READ.ME file on
the Adaptec RAID Installation CD for information about motherboard
compatibility and a list of motherboards that Adaptec has tested
with the Adaptec controller.
The controller fails to respond.
Check the LEDs. They emit patterns that can indicate a variety of
problems, particularly with the memory module. If the LEDs flash
once per second in any of the following patterns, perform the
specified remedy.
LED Pattern
Problem
7, 6, 5, 2, 1
No module
Either no memory module is detected
on the controller, or there is no module
in the socket. Install a correct memory
module.
7, 6, 5, 3, 1
Too much
memory
Adaptec 2400A/2100S/3200S/3400S only—
The controller has more than 128 MB of
memory. Install a correct memory
module of 32, 64, or 128 MB.
7, 6, 5, 3, 2, 1
Wrong-sized
memory
A memory module other than 32, 64, or
128 MB has been detected. Install a
correct memory module.
C-2
Description
Troubleshooting
The controller fails to respond and various IRQ LEDs in the 1–4 range flash once per
second.
This LED pattern indicates an internal microprocessor error
occurred in the controller. Shut down the computer and unplug all
cables. Restart the computer. If the condition does not reappear,
reconnect the cables and devices, one device at a time, until the
faulty hard drive or cable is isolated. If the error persists, contact
Adaptec Technical Support.
Pressing Ctrl+A to access SMOR does not work or the information displayed is
garbled.
Reset the NVRAM to the default settings and reconfigure the RAID.
To reset the NVRAM, refer to Appendix D.
After updating the Adaptec controller firmware or BIOS and restarting, the controller
does not respond.
The update may have been unsuccessful. Reset the NVRAM to the
default settings and reconfigure the RAID. To reset the NVRAM,
refer to Appendix D.
During the installation of SCO UNIX with the Adaptec controller as the boot controller,
the following message appears:
Warning: Controller cannot install interrupts vecno=xx, type=2, IPL=5
Vector xx is private.
SCO UNIX reserves certain interrupts for its internal use. This error
indicates that the Adaptec controller has been assigned one of these
reserved interrupts. Assign a different interrupt to the controller and
start the installation again.
You want the system to boot from a drive that is not attached to an Adaptec controller.
However, during startup, the controller BIOS message appears first, indicating that a
drive attached to an Adaptec controller will be the boot drive.
Use SMOR to disable Boot Enable for that controller. This prevents
the Adaptec controller from being used as the boot controller for the
system.
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Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
The Adaptec controller BIOS reports a drive as a disk instead of a drive.
This condition can occur if SMOR is used to disable Boot Enable. If
you require access to disk drives connected to the Adaptec controller
during the boot process, set Bootable Devices to Normal.
After updating the Adaptec controller firmware or BIOS and restarting, LEDs 1 and 5
or 2 and 5 flash once per second.
These patterns indicate that the controller startup code detected a
firmware checksum error or a flash error. Disable the firmware,
BIOS, and SMOR and then replace them using the flash Mode 0
procedure. For details, refer to Appendix D.
A firmware upgrade is unsuccessful, causing the controller to hang the system.
You can temporarily disable the firmware, BIOS, and SMOR and
then replace them using the flash Mode 0 procedure. For details,
refer to Appendix D.
After an upgrade of the controller BIOS only, pressing Ctrl+A at the system prompt
displays the message
Card not configurable.
Upgrade SMOR using the flash Mode 0 procedure. For details, refer
to Appendix D.
The floppy disk drive cannot be accessed after installing an Adaptec controller.
Use SMOR to enable the EBDA Relocation option. For details, refer
to Using SMOR on page 2-10.
C-4
D
Controller Reset Procedures
In this Appendix
➤ ✮✶✲✡✭ ✲❅▲❅▼
✤ ✒
➤ ✦●❁▲❈ ✭❏❄❅ ✐
✤ ✒
This Appendix describes procedures that you can use to reset your
controller in the event the controller becomes inoperable for the
reasons described below:
■
NVRAM Reset—The controller was improperly configured.
■
Flash Mode 0—An upgrade to the controller was attempted,
but failed.
D-1
Adaptec RAID Installation Guide
NVRAM Reset
Adaptec RAID controllers retain their setup parameters even when
powered OFF. These parameters are stored on the controller in an
area of nonvolatile memory (NVRAM). There is a possibility that,
through improper configuration, the controller can be put into a
state where it hangs the system during boot. If this happens, the
parameters stored in the NVRAM can be restored to their default
settings by following these steps:
1
Power OFF the system.
2
Install a jumper on the NVRAM reset jumper connector. Refer
to Appendix A for the location of the jumper connector.
3
Power ON the system and wait until the LEDs 3, 5, 7, and 8 on
the controller begin flashing.
4
Power OFF the system and remove the jumper.
5
Restart the system. If the system restarts normally, the
controller can now be configured using SMOR or Storage
Manager.
If the system fails to boot, refer to Appendix C for additional
information.
Flash Mode 0
The Adaptec controller firmware, BIOS, and SMOR are all
upgradable. There is a possibility that an unsuccessful upgrade
could render the controller inoperable. If this happens, you need to
reset the controller firmware, BIOS, and SMOR. First, create a SMOR
boot disk as follows:
1
If your system hangs with the Adaptec controller installed,
remove the controller from your system. Otherwise, leave the
controller installed and proceed to the next step.
2
Insert the Adaptec RAID Installation CD into your drive and
reboot your system.
3
Follow instructions and respond to prompts as necessary to get
to the Adaptec splash screen.
D-2
Controller Reset Procedures
4
When you see the Adaptec splash screen, click Create Driver
Disk. Then, click the appropriate menu option.
5
Insert a floppy disk and click OK. The system creates the
bootable SMOR disk.
6
Remove the Adaptec RAID Installation CD and the driver floppy
disk.
7
Shut down the system.
8
If necessary, reinstall the controller in your system.
Now, to reset the controller firmware, BIOS, and SMOR, perform the
following tasks:
1
Install a jumper on flash mode 0 jumper connector. For the
location of the jumper connector, refer to Appendix A.
2
Insert the SMOR boot disk and boot the system. SMOR starts.
3
Use SMOR to flash the controller firmware.
4
Shut down the system.
5
Remove the jumper you installed in Step 1.
6
Remove the SMOR boot disk.
7
Reboot the system from the SMOR boot disk. If the system
restarts normally, the controller can now be configured using
SMOR or Storage Manager.
8
Use SMOR to flash the controller BIOS and SMOR images.
If the system fails to restart, call Adaptec Technical Support.
D-3
E
Specifications
DC Power Requirements
Voltage
5 V ± 5%
Ripple and noise
50 mV peak-to-peak maximum
Current Requirements
Adaptec 2400A/2100S
1.5 A
Adaptec 3200S/3210S/3410S
2.0 A
Adaptec 200S bus expansion module
1.7 A
Battery backup module
Nominal
Charging
0.27 A
1.16 A
Memory module
0.1 A
Environmental Specifications
Ambient temperature without battery
backup module
0 °C to 50 ° C
Ambient temperature with battery backup 0 °C to 40 ° C
module—Adaptec 3200S/3210S/3400S/3410S only
Relative humidity
10% to 90%, noncondensing
Altitude
up to 3,000 meters
Note: Forced airflow is recommended, but not required.
E-1
R
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