use and maintenance

use and maintenance
aprilia part# 8102759
Pegaso 650
© 1996 aprilia s.p.a. - Noale (VE)
3!&%49 7!2.).'3
The following precautionary warnings are
used throughout this manual in order to
convey the following messages:
warning. When you find this
aSafety
symbol on the vehicle or in the
manual, be careful to the potential risk
of personal injury. Non-compliance with
the indications given in the messages
preceded by this symbol may result in
grave risks for your and other people’s
safety and for the vehicle!
First edition: december 1996
Reprint: january 2000
Produced and printed by:
editing division
Soave (VERONA) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 045 76 11 911
Fax +39 - 045 76 12 241
E-mail: customer@stp.it
www.stp.it
On behalf of:
aprilia s.p.a.
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 041 58 29 111
Fax +39 - 041 44 10 54
www.aprilia.com
2
use and maintenance
Pegaso 650
c
Indications to make the operations easier. Technical informa-
tion.
4%#(.)#!,
(
The operations preceded by this
symbol must be repeated also on
the opposite side of the vehicle.
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the
reassembly of the units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse order.
The terms “right” and “left” are referred to
the rider seated on the vehicle in the normal riding position.
7!2.).'3 02%#!54)/.3 '%.%2!, !$6)#%
Before starting the engine, carefully read
this manual and in particular the section
“SAFE DRIVE”.
Your and other people’s safety depends
not only on your quickness of reflexes and
on your agility, but also on what you know
about the vehicle, on its efficiency and on
your knowledge of the basic information for
“SAFE DRIVE”. Therefore, get a thorough
knowledge of the vehicle, in such a way as
to be able to drive in the traffic safely.
c
This manual must be considered
as an integral part of the vehicle
and must always accompany it, even in
case of resale.
aprilia has carried out this manual with the
maximum attention, in order to supply the
user with correct and updated information.
However, since aprilia constantly improves the design of its products, there
may be slight discrepancies between the
characteristics of your vehicle and those
described in this manual. For any clarification concerning the information contained
in this manual, do not hesitate to contact
your aprilia Official Dealer.
For control and repair operations not expressly described in this publication, for the
purchase of aprilia genuine spare parts,
accessories and other products, as well as
for specific advice, contact exclusively
aprilia Official Dealers and Service Centers, which guarantee prompt and accurate
assistance.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. We wish
you a nice ride.
All rights as to electronic storage, reproduction and total or partial adaptation, with
any means, are reserved for all Countries.
c
In some countries the antipollution
and noise regulations in force require periodical inspections.
The user of the vehicle in these countries
must:
– contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer to
have the non-homologated components
replaced with others homologated for
use in the country in question;
– carry out the required periodical inspections.
c
When asking your Dealer for spare
parts, specify the spare parts code
indicated on the SPARE PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL.
Write down the identification code in the
space here below, in order to remember it
also in case of loss or deterioration of the
label.
The label is positioned under the rider saddle, stuck to the frame.
In this manual the various versions are indicated by the following symbols:
& optional
2 catalytic version
VERSION:
I Italy
U United Kingdom
A Austria
P Portugal
" Finland
B Belgium
D Germany
F France
E Spain
G Greece
O Holland
C Switzerland
ˆ Denmark
J Japan
S Singapore
V Poland
% Israel
K South Korea
M Malaysia
R Chile
Q Bermuda
States
- United
of America
^ Australia
] Brazil
° South Africa
Î New Zealand
[ Canada
` Croatia
Ñ Slovenia
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
3
4!",% /& #/.4%.43
SAFE DRIVE .....................................................................................................5
BASIC SAFETY RULES: ............................................................................6
CLOTHING .................................................................................................9
ACCESSORIES........................................................................................10
LOAD ........................................................................................................10
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ...............................................12
ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS ...................................................14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS ..............................................................14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE............................................15
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS ...............................................................16
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HANDLEBAR .......................16
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HANDLEBAR ....................17
IGNITION SWITCH...................................................................................18
STEERING LOCK.....................................................................................18
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT...............................................................................19
UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE....................................................19
GLOVE/TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT.......................................................19
CRASH HELMET HOOK ..........................................................................20
ANTI-THEFT HOOK .................................................................................20
REAR LUGGAGE RACK ..........................................................................20
MAIN COMPONENTS.....................................................................................21
FUEL.........................................................................................................21
ENGINE OIL .............................................................................................21
BRAKE FLUID (recommendations) ..........................................................22
DISC BRAKES..........................................................................................22
FRONT BRAKE ........................................................................................23
REAR BRAKE...........................................................................................24
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE .............................................................24
CLUTCH ...................................................................................................25
COOLANT ................................................................................................26
TYRES......................................................................................................27
EXHAUST SILENCERS
....................................................................28
CATALYTIC SILENCERS
.................................................................28
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE.............................................................................29
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS .............................................29
STARTING................................................................................................30
DEPARTURE AND DRIVE .......................................................................32
RUNNING-IN ............................................................................................34
STOPPING ...............................................................................................34
PARKING..................................................................................................34
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ...................................................35
MAINTENANCE ..............................................................................................36
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART .............................................36
IDENTIFICATION DATA...........................................................................37
AIR CLEANER..........................................................................................38
^
2
4
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP .................... 39
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER ........................... 40
FRONT WHEEL ....................................................................................... 42
REAR WHEEL ......................................................................................... 44
CHAIN ...................................................................................................... 46
REMOVING THE FUEL TANK................................................................. 48
REMOVING
THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES................................................................ 48
CHECKING THE STEERING................................................................... 49
CHECKING
THE REAR FORK FULCRUM AXIS ........................................................ 49
INSPECTING THE FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSIONS ....................... 49
REAR SUSPENSION............................................................................... 50
REAR SUSPENSION
WITH HYDRAULIC PRELOAD ADJUSTMENT
............................... 50
IDLING ADJUSTMENT ............................................................................ 52
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR CONTROL ...................................... 52
ADJUSTING THE COLD START CONTROL ( )................................... 52
SPARK PLUG .......................................................................................... 53
BATTERY................................................................................................. 54
CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL.............................................. 55
RECHARGING THE BATTERY ............................................................... 55
LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY ................................................. 55
CHANGING THE FUSES......................................................................... 56
CHECKING THE SIDE STAND AND THE SAFETY SWITCH ................ 57
ADJUSTING
THE HEADLIGHT BEAM ......................................................................... 58
BULBS ..................................................................................................... 58
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS ................................................... 59
CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB.................................................... 60
CHANGING THE FRONT DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS.................. 60
CHANGING THE REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS .................... 61
CHANGING
THE NUMBER PLATE BULB................................................................... 61
TRANSPORT.................................................................................................. 62
DRAINING THE FUEL TANK................................................................... 62
CLEANING ..................................................................................................... 63
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY ........................................................... 64
TECHNICAL DATA ........................................................................................ 65
LUBRICANT TABLE ................................................................................ 68
Importers ............................................................................................. 70-71
WIRING DIAGRAM - Pegaso 650............................................................ 72
WIRING DIAGRAM KEY - Pegaso 650 ................................................... 73
&
e
safe drive
"!3)# 3!&%49 25,%3
To drive the vehicle it is necessary to be in
possession of all the requirements prescribed by law (driving licence, minimum
age, psychophysical ability, insurance,
state taxes, vehicle registration, number
plate, etc.).
Gradually get to know the vehicle by driving it first in areas with low traffic and/or private areas.
6
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
The use of medicins, alcohol and drugs or
psychotropic substances notably increases
the risk of accidents.
Be sure that you are in good psychophysical conditions and fit for driving and pay
particular attention to physical weariness
and drowsiness.
Most road accidents are caused by the
driver’s lack of experience.
NEVER lend the vehicle to beginners and,
in any case, make sure that the driver has
all the requirements for driving.
Rigorously observe all road signs and national and local road regulations.
Avoid abrupt movements that can be dangerous for yourself and other people (for
example: rearing up on the back wheel,
speeding, etc.), and give due consideration
to the road surface, visibility and other driving conditions.
Avoid obstacles that could damage the vehicle or make you lose control.
Avoid riding in the slipstream created by
preceding vehicles in order to increase
your speed.
Always drive with both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests (or
on the rider’s footboards), in the correct
driving posture.
Avoid standing up or stretching your limbs
while driving.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
7
OIL
The driver should pay attention and avoid
distractions caused by people, things and
movements (never smoke, eat, drink, read,
etc.) while driving.
8
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
COOLER
Use only the vehicle’s specific fuels and lubricants indicated in the "LUBRICANT
CHART"; check the oil, fuel and coolant
levels regularly.
If the vehicle has been involved in an accident, make sure that no damage has occurred to the control levers, pipes, wires,
braking system and vital parts.
If necessary, have the vehicle inspected by
an aprilia Official Dealer, who should carefully check the frame, handlebars, suspensions, safety parts and all the devices that
you cannot check by yourself.
Always remember to report any malfunction to the technicians to help them in their
work.
Never use the vehicle when the amount of
damage it has suffered endangers your
safety.
ONLY ORIGINALS
A12
345
Never change the position, inclination or
colour of: number plate, direction indicators, lights and horns.
Any modification of the vehicle will result in
the invalidity of the guarantee.
Any modification of the vehicle and/or the
removal of original components can compromise vehicle performance levels and
safety or even make it illegal.
We recommend respecting all regulations
and national and local provisions regarding
the equipment of the vehicle.
In particular, avoid all modifications that increase the vehicle’s performance levels or
alter its original characteristics.
Never race with other vehicles.
#,/4().'
Before starting, always wear a correctly
fastened crash helmet. Make sure that it is
homologated, in good shape, of the right
size and that the visor is clean.
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light
and/or reflecting colours. In this way you
will make yourself more visible to the other
drivers, thus notably reducing the risk of
being knocked down, and you will be more
protected in case of fall.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting
and fastened at the wrists and ankles.
Strings, belts and ties should not be hanging loose; prevent these and other objects
from interfering with driving by getting entangled with moving parts or driving mechanisms.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
9
Do not keep objects that can be dangerous
in case of fall, for example pointed objects
like keys, pens, glass vials etc. in your
pockets (the same recommendations also
apply to passengers).
10
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
!##%33/2)%3
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for
the choice, installation and use of any accessory.
Avoid installing accessories that cover
horns or lights or that could impair their
functions, limit the suspension stroke and
the steering angle, hamper the operation of
the controls and reduce the distance from
the ground and the angle of inclination in
turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper access to the controls, since this can prolong
reaction times during an emergency.
Large fairings and windscreens assembled
on the vehicle can produce aerodynamic
forces capable of compromising the stability of the vehicle while driving.
Make sure that the equipment is well fastened to the vehicle and not dangerous
during driving. Do not install electrical devices and do not modify those already existing to avoid electrical overloads, because the vehicle could suddenly stop or
there could be a dangerous current shortage in the horn and in the lights. aprilia
recommends the use of genuine accessories (aprilia genuine accessories).
,/!$
Be careful and moderate when loading
your luggage. Keep any luggage loaded as
close as possible to the centre of the vehicle and distribute the load uniformly on
both sides, in order to reduce imbalance to
the minimum. Furthermore, make sure that
the load is firmly secured to the vehicle, especially during long trips.
KG!
Avoid hanging bulky, heavy and/or dangerous objects on the handlebars, mudguards
and forks, because the vehicle might respond more slowly in turns and its manoeuvrability could be unavoidably impaired.
Do not place bags that are too bulky on the
vehicle sides and do not ride with the crash
helmet hanging from its string, because it
could hit people or obstacles making you
lose control of the vehicle.
Do not carry any bag if it is not tightly secured to the vehicle.
Do not carry bags which protrude too much
from the luggage rack or which cover the
lights, horn or indicators.
Do not carry animals or children on the
glove compartment or on the luggage rack.
Do not exceed the maximum load allowed
for each side-bag.
When the vehicle is overloaded, its stability
and its manoeuvrability can be compromised.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
11
!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% -!). %,%-%.43
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
12
Ignition switch/steering lock
Fuel tank plug
Fuel cock
Battery
Fuses
Glove/tool kit compartment
Passenger grab rail
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
Rear luggage rack
Passenger footrest
Central stand &
Side stand
Shifting lever
Expansion tank
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Front brake master cylinder
Engine oil level plug-dipstick
Horn
Engine oil filter
Rear brake control lever
Anti-theft hook (for the aprilia “BodyGuard” armored cable &)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
Rear brake master cylinder
Passenger footrest
Passenger grab rail
Saddle lock
Crash helmet hook
Rear brake fluid tank
Air cleaner
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
13
!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% ).3425-%.43
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
14
Horn push button (f)
Direction indicator switch (c)
Dimmer switch (b - a)
High beam signalling push button (a)
Cold start lever (e)
Clutch lever
Left rear-view mirror
Instruments and indicators
Right rear-view mirror
Front brake lever
Engine stop switch (n - m)
Throttle grip
Light switch (o - p - •)
Start push button (r)
Ignition switch/steering lock (n - m - s)
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
).3425-%.43 !.$ ).$)#!4/23
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Green direction indicator warning light (c)
Green neutral indicator warning light (q)
Red engine oil pressure warning light (j)
Blue high beam warning light (a)
Green low beam and parking light warning light (p)
Amber low fuel warning light (g)
Revolution counter
Total kilometres odometer
Speedometer
Speedometer - only km/h scale ^
Coolant temperature indicator (h)
Partial kilometres odometer
Odometer trip control
).3425-%.43 !.$ ).$)#!4/23 4!",%
Description
Direction indicator
warning light
Neutral indicator warning light
Function
c
q
Engine oil pressure
warning light
j
High beam warning light
a
Parking light
and low beam warning light
Low fuel warning light
p
g
a
If the warning light comes on during the normal running of the engine, this
means that the oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient. In this case, immediately stop the engine and contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
It comes on when the headlight is in "high beam" position or when the high beam signalling is
operated.
It comes on when the lights are on.
It comes on when the quantity of fuel left in the tank is about 6 L (electrical reserve).
In this case, provide for immediate topping up, see p. 21 (FUEL).
It indicates the number of revolutions of the engine per minute.
Never exceed the engine max. rpm, see p. 34 (RUNNING-IN).
Total kilometres odometer
Speedometer
Partial kilometres odometer
Odometer trip control
It comes on when the gear is in neutral.
It comes on every time the ignition switch is brought to position "n" and the engine is not running, thus checking the proper functioning of the lamp. If during this phase the lamp does not
turn on, it must be replaced. The warning light must go off when the engine is running.
a
Revolution counter
Coolant temperature indicator
It blinks when the direction indicators are on.
h
It indicates the total number of kilometres covered.
It indicates the driving speed.
It indicates the approximate temperature of the coolant in the engine. When the pointer starts
moving beyond level "40", the temperature is sufficient for driving the vehicle. The normal
running temperature range is indicated by the graduated area of the scale. If the pointer
reaches the red area, stop the engine and check the coolant level, see p. 26 (COOLANT).
a
If the maximum allowed temperature is exceeded (red area of the scale), the engine may be seriously damaged.
It indicates the partial number of kilometres covered. To set it to zero, use the odometer trip control.
Rotate it anticlockwise to set the partial kilometres odometer to zero.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
15
-!). ).$%0%.$%.4 #/.42/,3
#/.42/,3 /. 4(% ,%&4 3)$% /& 4(% (!.$,%"!2
c
The electrical parts work only when the ignition
switch is in position "n".
1) HORN PUSH BUTTON (f)
The horn is activated when the push button is pressed.
2) DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH (c)
To indicate the turn to the left, move the switch to the left; to
indicate the turn to the right, move the switch to the right. To
turn off the direction indicator, press the switch on its centre.
3) DIMMER SWITCH (b - a)
When the light switch (right side of the handlebar) is in position "o", if the dimmer switch is in position "a", the high
beam comes on, while if it is in position "b", the low beam
comes on.
4) HIGH BEAM SIGNALLING PUSH BUTTON (a)
It makes it possible to use the high beam for signalling to
forthcoming vehicles while overtaking and in case of peril
and/or emergency.
5) COLD START LEVER (e)
The starter for the cold start of the engine is operated by rotating the lever "e" downwards.
To disconnect the starter, move the lever "e" to its initial position.
16
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
#/.42/,3 /. 4(% 2)'(4 3)$%
/& 4(% (!.$,%"!2
c
The electrical parts work only when the ignition
switch is in position "n".
1) ENGINE STOP SWITCH (n - m)
a
Do not operate the engine stop switch “n - m” in
running conditions.
This is a safety or emergency switch.
With the switch in position "n", it is possible to start the engine; the engine can be stopped by moving the switch to position "m".
a
With stopped engine and ignition switch in position "n", the battery may discharge.
When the vehicle has come to rest, after stopping
the engine, move the ignition switch to position "m".
2) HEADLIGHT SWITCH (o - p - •)
When the light switch is in position "•", the lights are off; when
the switch is in position "p", the parking lights are on; when
the switch is in position "o", the low beam or the high beam is
on.
The high/low beam can be operated by means of the dimmer
switch, see p. 16 (CONTROLS ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE
HANDLEBAR).
3) START PUSH BUTTON (r)
When the start push button "r" is pressed, the starter makes
the engine run. For the starting, see p. 30 (STARTING).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
17
Position
Steering
lock
)'.)4)/. 37)4#(
34%%2).' ,/#+
The ignition switch is positioned on the
steering column plate.
Never turn the key to position "s" in running conditions, in order to avoid losing
control of the vehicle.
c
The key (1) operates the ignition
switch/steering lock, the saddle
lock and the fuel tank lock.
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
U Turn the handlebar completely leftwards.
U Turn the key (1) to position “m” and
press it.
U Release the key.
c
Turn the key and steer the handlebar at the same time.
U
Rotate the key (1) anticlockwise (leftwards), steer the handlebar slowly until
the key (1) reaches position “s”.
U Extract the key.
18
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
Function
Key
removal
The steering is
locked.
It is neither
possible to
start the
engine, nor
to switch on
the lights.
It is possible to
remove the
key.
Neither the
engine, nor
the lights
can be
switched on.
It is possible to
remove the
key.
The engine
and the
lights can be
switched on.
It is not possible to
remove the
key.
!58),)!29 %15)0-%.4
',/6%4//, +)4 #/-0!24-%.4
The compartment is positioned under the
rear part of the saddle;
to reach it:
U Unlock and raise the saddle.
5.,/#+).',/#+).'
4(% 3!$$,%
U
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Insert the key (1) in the saddle lock (2).
U Turn the key (1) clockwise and raise and
remove the saddle.
c
U
To lock the saddle, position the tang (3)
in its seat, then lower and press the saddle, thus making the lock snap shut.
a
Before leaving, make sure that
the saddle is properly locked.
The tool kit (4) includes:
– 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 mm Allen spanners
– 5,5-7 mm double fork spanner
– 8-11 mm double fork spanner
– 10-13 mm double fork spanner
– 19 mm simple fork spanner
– 24 mm simple fork spanner
– double-ended, cross-/cut-headed screwdriver
– screwdriver handle
– 18 mm spark plug socket spanner
– socket spanner rod
– tool case
Max. allowed weight: 1.5 kg
Before lowering and locking the
saddle, make sure that you have
not left the key in the glove/tool kit compartment.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
19
#2!3( (%,-%4 (//+
!.4)4(%&4 (//+
Thanks to the crash helmet hook, you no
longer have to carry the crash helmet with
you every time you park the vehicle.
The anti-theft hook (4) is positioned on the
right side of the vehicle, near the rider’s
footboard.
a
To prevent the vehicle from being stolen, it
is advisable to secure it with the aprilia
“Body-Guard” armored cable & (5), available at any aprilia Official Dealer.
Do not ride with the crash helmet
hanging from the hook, as this
may seriously compromise your
safety.
To hang the crash helmet:
U Raise the saddle.
U Withdraw the eyelet (1) of the cable (2)
from the hook (3).
U Pass the cable (2) through the visor
opening or through the apposite loop on
the crash helmet.
U Insert the eyelet (1) completely in the
hook (3).
U Lower the saddle and lock it.
20
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
a
Do not use the hook to lift the vehicle or for any purpose other
than securing the vehicle once it
has been parked.
2%!2 ,5''!'% 2!#+
Max. allowed weight: 9 kg
%.').% /),
-!). #/-0/.%.43
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
&5%,
a
The fuel used for internal combustion engines is extremely inflammable and in particular conditions it can become explosive. It is
important to carry out the refuelling and
the maintenance operations in a wellventilated area, with the engine off. Do
not smoke while refuelling or near fuel
vapours, in any case avoid any contact
with naked flames, sparks and any other heat source to prevent the fuel from
catching fire or from exploding. Further,
prevent fuel from flowing out of the fuel
filler, as it could catch fire when getting
in contact with the red-hot surfaces of
the engine.
In case some fuel has accidentally been
spilt, make sure that the area has completely dried and before starting the vehicle verify that there is no fuel inside
the fuel filler neck.
Since petrol expands under the heat of
the sun and due to the effects of sun radiation, never fill the tank to the brim.
Screw the plug up carefully after refuelling. Avoid any contact of the fuel with
the skin and the inhalation of vapours;
do not swallow fuel or pour it from a receptacle into another by means of a
tube.
Check the engine oil level every 500 km,
see p. 39 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
It is necessary to change the engine oil after the first 1000 km and successively every 6000 km, see p. 40 (CHANGING THE
ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER).
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
Use only premium grade petrol
(4 Stars U ), in conformity with the DIN
51600 standard, min. O.N. 98 (N.O.R.M.)
and 88 (N.O.M.M.).
2 ^: Use only unleaded petrol, in conformity with the DIN 51607 standard, min.
O.N. 95 (N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.).
FUEL TANK CAPACITY
(reserve included): 22 L
TANK RESERVE:
5 L (mechanical reserve).
To refuel, proceed as follows:
U Insert the key (1) in the tank plug lock(2).
U Turn the key clockwise, pull and open
the fuel flap.
c
a
Use high-quality 5W-40 oil, see
p. 68 (LUBRICANT TABLE).
Engine oil can cause serious
damage to the skin if handled
every day and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after using
the oil.
Do not dispose of the oil in the environment.
Put it in a sealed container and take it to
the filling station where you usually buy
it or to an oil salvage center.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
21
a
Make sure that the brake disc is
neither oily nor greasy, especially after maintenance or checking
operations.
Check that the brake cable is neither
twisted nor worn out.
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit.
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it
is advisable to use latex gloves.
"2!+% &,5)$ RECOMMENDATIONS
c
This vehicle is provided with
front and rear disc brakes, with
separate hydraulic circuits.
The following information refers to a
single braking system, but is valid for
both.
a
Sudden resistance or clearance
problems on the brake lever may
be due to troubles in the hydraulic system.
For any doubt regarding the perfect
functioning of the braking system and
in case you are not able to carry out the
usual checking operations, contact
your APRILIA Official Dealer.
22
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
If the brake fluid gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
Carefully wash the parts of your body
that get in contact with the liquid. Consult a doctor or an oculist if the liquid
gets in contact with your eyes.
Do not dispose of the brake fluid in the
environment.
$)3# "2!+%3
a
The brakes are the parts that
most ensure your safety and for
this reason they must always be
perfectly working.
The brake fluid must be changed once a
year by an APRILIA Official Dealer.
This vehicle is provided with front and rear
hydraulic disc brakes.
When the disc pads wear out, the level of
the fluid decreases to automatically compensate for their wear.
The front brake fluid tank is positioned on
the handlebar, near the front brake lever
coupling.
The rear brake fluid tank is positioned under the right side; to reach it, remove the
right side, see p. 48 (REMOVING THE
RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES).
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
a
When using the brake fluid, take
care not to spill it on the plastic
or painted parts, since it can
damage them.
Periodically check the brake fluid level in
the tanks, see p. 23 (FRONT BRAKE) and
the wear of the pads, see p. 51 (CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR).
&2/.4 "2!+%
Topping up:
Checking
The brake fluid may flow out of
the tank. Do not operate the front
brake lever if the screws (2) are
loose or, most important, if the brake
fluid tank cover has been removed.
c
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
U
Keep the vehicle in vertical position and
rotate the handlebar, so that the fluid
contained in the tank is parallel to the
brake fluid tank cover.
U Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the "MIN" mark.
U If the fluid does not reach the "MIN"
mark, provide for topping up.
a
U
To reassemble the components, follow
the reverse order.
a
Check the braking efficiency. If
necessary, contact your APRILIA
Official Dealer.
Unscrew the two screws (2) of the brake
fluid tank (3).
U Remove the cover (4).
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever, of excessive elasticity or in case
there is air in the circuit, contact your
APRILIA Official Dealer, since it may be
necessary to bleed the system.
In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping up, keep the fluid in the tank parallel to the tank rim (in
horizontal position).
In any case, the bleeding must be carried out after the first 1000 km.
U
c
U
U
Remove the gasket (5).
Fill the tank (3) with brake fluid, see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE), until it covers the
glass (1) completely.
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
23
a
The brake fluid may flow out of
the tank. Do not operate the rear
brake lever if the brake fluid tank
plug is loose or has been removed.
U
Unscrew and remove the plug (2).
c
In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping up, keep the fluid in the tank parallel to the tank rim (in
horizontal position).
U
U
2%!2 "2!+%
Checking
c
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
U
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, so
that the fluid contained in the tank (1) is
parallel to the plug (2).
U Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the "MIN" mark.
U If the fluid does not reach the "MIN"
mark, provide for topping up.
Topping up:
U
Remove the right side, see p. 48 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
24
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
Remove the gasket (3).
Fill the tank (1) with brake fluid, see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE), until it reaches
the "MAX" mark.
U To reassemble the components, follow
the reverse order.
a
Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact your
APRILIA Official Dealer.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever, of excessive elasticity or in case
there is air in the circuit, contact your
APRILIA Official Dealer, since it may be
necessary to bleed the system.
In any case, the bleeding must be carried out after the first 1000 km.
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
!$*534).' 4(% 2%!2 "2!+%
The brake pedal is positioned ergonomically during the assembly of the vehicle.
If necessary, it is possible to adjust the
height of the brake pedal:
U Loosen the lock nut (4).
U Screw the brake adjuster (5) completely.
U Screw the lock nut (6) completely on the
pump control rod (7).
U Screw the pump control rod (7) completely, then unscrew it by giving 3-4
turns.
U Unscrew the brake adjuster (5) until the
brake pedal reaches the desired height.
U Lock the brake adjuster (5) by means of
the lock nut (4).
U Unscrew the pump control rod (7) and
bring it in contact with the pump piston.
U Screw the rod in order to ensure a minimum clearance of 0.5÷1 mm between
the pump control rod (7) and the pump
piston.
a
Make sure that there is a certain
clearance between the brake adjuster (5) and the point of contact, to prevent the brake from remaining operated and the co nsequ en t
untimely wear of the braking elements.
Clearance between brake adjuster and
point of contact: 0.5 ÷ 1 mm.
U
Lock the pump control rod by means of
the lock nut (6).
a
Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact an APRILIA
Official Dealer.
After the adjustment, make sure that the
wheel rotates freely with released
brake.
#,54#(
ADJUSTING THE CLUTCH
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Adjust the clutch every 6000 km and if the
engine stops or tends to advance when the
clutch lever is pulled and the gears are engaged, or if the clutch slips causing a delay
in the acceleration in comparison with the
engine speed.
Carry out the adjustment by means of the
adjuster (1).
U Withdraw the protection element (2).
U Loosen the lock nut (3).
U Rotate the adjuster (1) until the idle
stroke of the clutch lever is about 10 mm.
U Tighten the lock nut (3) and check the
adjustment again.
U
U
Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING).
Operate the clutch completely and and
engage the 1st gear.
Make sure that the engine does not stop,
that the vehicle does not tend to advance
or that the clutch does not slip during the
acceleration phase or while the vehicle is
running.
a
c
If it is not possible to obtain a
correct adjustment or if the
clutch does not function properly, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
Make sure that the clutch cable
is intact: it must not present flattened parts and the sheath must not be
worn out in any point.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
25
#//,!.4
Checking and topping up
a
c
a
Check the coolant level and top
up the expansion tank with cold
engine.
Do not use the vehicle if the
coolant is below the minimum
prescribed level.
U
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
c
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
Check the coolant level every 1000 km and
after long rides; change it every 2 years.
a
Have the coolant changed by an
APRILIA Official Dealer.
The coolant is made up of 50% water and
50% antifreeze. This mixture is ideal for
most running temperatures and ensures
good protection against corrosion.
Ii is advisable to keep the same mixture
also in the hot season, since in this way
losses due to evaporation are reduced and
it is not necessary to top up very frequently.
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator
by evaporated water are thus reduced and
the efficiency of the cooling system remains unchanged.
If the outdoor temperature is below 0°,
check the cooling circuit frequently and if
necessary increase the antifreeze concentration (up to maximum 60%).
For the cooling solution use distilled water,
in order not to damage the engine.
26
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.
U
a
Do not remove the expansion
tank cap when the engine is hot,
since the coolant is under pressure and its temperature is high.
If it gets in contact with the skin or with
clothes it may cause severe burns
and/or damages.
The coolant is noxious:
DO NOT SWALLOW IT
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
U Make sure that the level of the fluid contained in the expansion tank (1) is included between the "MIN" and "MAX" marks
(see figure).
U If not, unscrew and remove the filling
plug (2).
U Top up until the fluid reaches approx. the
"MAX" mark. Do not exceed this level,
otherwise the fluid will flow out of the
tank when the engine is running.
U Put back the filling plug (2).
a
In case of excessive consumption of coolant and in case the
expansion tank (1) remains empty, make sure that there are no leaks in
the circuit. Have it repaired by an APRIL
IA Official Dealer.
492%3
This vehicle is provided with tyres with inner tube.
a
Periodically check the tyre inflation pressure at room temperature.
If the tyres are hot, the measurement is
not correct.
Carry out the measurement especially
before and after long rides.
If the inflation pressure is too high, the
ground unevenness cannot be dampened and is therefore transmitted to the
handlebar, thus compromising the driving comfort and reducing the road holding during turns.
If, on the contrary, the inflation pressure
is too low, the tyre sides are under
greater stress and the tyre itself may
slip on the rim or it may become loose,
with consequent loss of control of the
vehicle. In case of sudden braking the
tyres could even get out of the rims.
Further, the vehicle could skid while
turning.
Check the surface and the wear of the
tyres, since tyres in bad conditions can
impair both the grip and the controllability of the vehicle.
Change the tyre when it is worn out or
in case of puncture on the tread side, if
the puncture is larger than 5 mm. After
repairing a tyre, have the wheels balanced. Use only tyres in the size suggested by aprilia, see p. 65 (TECHNICAL
DATA).
Make sure that the tyres always have
their valve sealing caps on, to prevent
them from suddenly going flat. Change,
repair, maintenance and balancing operations are very important and should
be carried out by qualified technicians
with appropriate tools.
For this reason, it is advisable to have
the above mentioned operations carried
out by an APRILIA Official Dealer or by a
qualified tyre repairer.
If the tyres are new, they may still be
covered with a slippery film: drive carefully for the first miles. Do not oil the
tyres with unsuitable fluids.
If the tyres are old, even if not completely worn out, they may become hard and
may not ensure good road holding.
In this case, replace them.
INFLATION PRESSURE
SOLO RIDER
front:
off-road ........................... 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
asphalted road................ 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
rear:
off-road ........................... 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
asphalted road ............... 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
RIDER AND PASSENGER
front:
off-road ........................... 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
asphalted road................ 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
rear:
off-road ........................... 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
asphalted road................ 220 kPa (2.2 bar)
MINIMUM TREAD DEPTH LIMIT
front: 2 mm
rear: 2 mm
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
27
%8(!534 3),%.#%23
^
a
Tampering with noise control
system prohibited.
Owner’s are warned that the law may prohibit:
U The removal or rendering inoperative by
any person other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of
any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or
delivery to the ultimate purchaser or
while it is in use; and
U the use of the vehicle after such device
or element of design has been removed
or rendered inoperative by any person.
28
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
Check the exhaust silencer and the silencer pipes, making sure that there are neither
signs of rust, nor holes and that the exhaust system can work effectively.
If the noise produced by the exhaust system increases, immediately contact your
aprilia Official Dealer.
#!4!,94)# 3),%.#%23
2
a
Avoid parking the vehicle-catalytic version near dry brush
wood or in places easily accessible to children, as the catalytic silencers becomes extremely hot during use;
be very careful and avoid any kind of
contact before they are completely
cooled down.
The catalytic vehicle is fitted with a silencer
with metal catalytic converter of the "platinum-rhodium bivalent" type.
This device provides for the oxidation of
the CO (carbon monoxide) and of the HC
(unburned hydrocarbons) contained in the
exhaust gases, changing them into carbon
dioxide and steam, respectively.
a
Do not use leaded petrol, since it
causes the destruction of the
catalytic converter.
).3425#4)/.3 &/2 53%
a
Before departure, always carry
out a preliminary checking of the
vehicle to make sure that it functions correctly and safely, see the following table (PRELIMINARY CHECKING
OPERATIONS). The non-performance of
these checking operations can cause
severe personal injuries or damages to
the vehicle.
Do not hesitate to consult your APRILIA
Official Dealer in case there is something you do not understand about the
functioning of some controls or in case
you suspect or discover some irregularities.
It does not take long to carry out a
check-up and this operation ensures
you much more safety.
02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).' /0%2!4)/.3
Component
Check
Front and rear disc Check the functioning, the idle stroke of the control
brakes
levers, the fluid level and make sure there are no leaks.
Check the wear of the pads. If necessary, top up the fluid
tank.
Accelerator
Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to
open and close it completely, in all steering positions.
If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it.
Engine oil
Check and/or top up if necessary.
Wheel/tyres
Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and
tear and any damage.
Brake levers
Make sure that they work smoothly. If necessary, lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke.
Steering
Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any
clearance or slackening.
Clutch
The idle stroke at the end of the clutch lever must be
about 10 mm; the clutch must operate without jerking
and/or slipping.
Make sure that it works smoothly and that the spring tenSide stand and
sion brings it back to its normal position. If necessary,
center stand
lubricate joints and hinges. Make sure that the safety
switch on the side stand operates correctly.
Fastening elements Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose.
If necessary, adjust or tighten them.
Drive chain
Check the slack.
Fuel tank
Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary. Make sure
there are no leaks or air bubbles in the circuit.
Coolant
The coolant level in the expansion tank must be included
between the "MIN" and "MAX" marks.
Lights, warning
Check the proper functioning of the acoustic and visual
lights, horn and
devices. Change the bulbs or intervene in case of failure.
electric devices
&
Page
22-23
24-51
52
21-39-40
27
22-23-24
49
25
57
–
46-47
21-48-62
26
54÷61
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
29
34!24).'
a
Exhaust gases contain carbon
monoxide, which is extremely
noxious if inhaled.
Avoid starting the engine in closed or
badly-ventilated rooms.
The non-observance of this warning
may cause loss of consciousness or
even lead to death by asphyxia.
c
With the side stand down, the
engine can be started only if the
gears are in neutral; in this case, if you
try to engage the gears, the engine
stops.
With the side stand up, it is possible to
start the engine either in neutral gear or
with engaged gears and pulled clutch
lever.
30
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
U
U
U
Let the stand up.
Get on the vehicle.
Move the fuel tap lever (1) to position
"ON".
U Rotate the key (2) and move the ignition
switch to position "n".
At this point the engine oil pressure
warning light "j" must come on.
U Lock at least one wheel, by pulling a
brake lever.
U Position the shifting lever in neutral
(green warning light "q" on).
U Move the engine stop switch (3) to position "n".
U Make sure that the light switch (4) is in
position “•”.
To avoid excessive wear on the
battery, do not keep the start
push button "r" pressed for more than
fifteen seconds. If the engine does not
start in this lapse of time, wait ten seconds and then press the start push button "r" again.
c
U
Press the start push button "r" (5) without accelerating, then release it as soon
as the engine starts.
a
As soon as the engine has started, the engine oil pressure warning light "j" must go out. If this
does not occur, or if the warning light
comes on while the engine is running,
this means that there is no sufficient
pressure in the circuit. In this case, stop
the engine immediately and contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer.
U
If the vehicle is started with cold engine,
rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) downwards.
a
Never press the start push button
"r" (5) with the engine running:
you may damage the starter.
U
Keep at least one brake lever pulled and
do not accelerate until you start.
a
Never leave abruptly with cold
engine.
To reduce the emission of polluting substances and the consumption of
fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding
at low speed for the first miles.
U
Ride at reduced speed for the first miles,
in order to warm the engine up.
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) upwards after the engine has warmed up.
Starting with flooded engine
If the starting is not carried out properly or if
there is too much fuel in the intake ducts
and in the carburettor, the engine may get
flooded.
To clean a flooded engine:
U Carry out the first eight operations described for the starting.
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) upwards.
U Press the start push button "r" (5) for a
few seconds (letting the engine spin
over) with completely open throttle
(Pos. B).
Starting with cold engine
When the room temperature is low (about
0° C), it may be difficult to start the engine
at the first attempt.
In this case:
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) downwards.
U Press the start button "r" (5) for at least
ten seconds and at the same time rotate
the throttle grip slightly.
If the engine does not start
Wait f or a few seconds and then repeat
the starting procedure.
STARTING AFTER A LONG PERIOD OF
INACTIVITY
After a long period of inactivity, make the
starter run for about ten seconds without
accelerating, in order to ensure the filling of
the float chamber. To start the engine,
slightly open the throttle and carry out the
starting procedure.
If the engine starts
Release the start push button "r" (5)
and the throttle grip.
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) upwards.
If the idling is unstable, twist the throttle
grip slightly and frequently.
U
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
31
$%0!2452% !.$ $2)6%
a
c
If you drive with a passenger, instruct him/her so that he/she
does not create problems during
manouvres. Before leaving, make sure
that the stands are completely folded.
If you run out of the "standard" fuel quantity
while riding, move the fuel tap lever (1) to
position "RES", in order to use the fuel reserve.
Fuel reserve: 5 L (mechanical reserve).
To leave:
U Ride at reduced speed for the first miles,
in order to warm the engine up.
U With released throttle grip (Pos. A) and
engine idling, pull the clutch lever (2)
completely.
U Engage the first gear, by pressing the
shifting lever (3) downwards.
U Release the brake lever (pulled on the
starting).
Before departure, carefully read
the "RIDING SAFELY" chapter,
see p. 5 (RIDING SAFELY).
c
a
Immediately provide for topping
up, see p. 21 (FUEL).
Properly adjust the inclination of
the rear-view mirrors. If you
drive without passenger, make
sure that the rear foot rests are closed.
32
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
a
On departure, the abrupt release
of the clutch lever may cause the
engine to stall or the vehicle to
jerk forwards.
a
Never accelerate abruptly or excessively when releasing the
clutch lever, in order to prevent
the clutch from "slipping" (slow release) or the front wheel from raising
(rearing up) (quick release).
U
Slowly release the clutch lever (2) and at
the same time accelerate by rotating the
throttle grip moderately (Pos. B).
The vehicle will start moving.
a
Never exceed the recommended
rpm, see p. 34 (RUNNING-IN).
U
Increase the speed by gradually rotating
the throttle grip (Pos. B), without exceeding the recommended rpm, see
p. 34 (RUNNING-IN).
a
Shift the gears one by one; the
simultaneous downshifting of
more than one gear may make
you exceed the maximum rpm (red line).
Before and during the downshifting, release the throttle grip and decelerate, in
order to avoid the "red line".
To engage the second gear:
a
Proceed quickly.
Never ride the vehicle at too low
rpm.
U
Release the throttle grip (Pos. A), pull
the clutch lever (2) and lift the shifting lever (3). Release the clutch lever (2) and
accelerate.
U Repeat the last two operations and shift
up.
The downshifting should be carried out in
the following situations:
U When riding downhill or when braking, in
order to increase the braking action by
using the compression of the engine.
U When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is
not suitable to the speed (high gear,
moderate speed) and the engine rpm decreases.
To shift down, proceed as follows:
U Release the throttle grip (Pos. A).
U If necessary, pull the brake levers moderately and decrease the speed of the
vehicle.
U Pull the clutch lever (2) and lower the
shifting lever (3) to shift down.
U If the brake levers are pulled, release
them.
U Release the clutch lever and accelerate
moderately.
a
Avoid opening and closing the
throttle grip repeatedly and continuously, so that you do not accidentally lose control of the vehicle.
If you have to brake, close the throttle
and put on both brakes in order to obtain uniform deceleration, properly exerting pressure on the braking parts.
If you stop uphill, decelerate completely
and use the brakes only to keep the vehicle steady.
The use of the engine to keep the vehicle steady may cause the overheating of
the clutch.
a
Before beginning to turn, slow
down or brake driving at moderate and constant speed or accelerating slightly; avoid braking at the last
moment: it would be very easy to skid.
If the brakes are operated continuously
on downhill stretches, the friction surfaces may overheat, thus reducing the
braking efficiency. Exploit the engine
compression and shift down by putting
on both brakes intermittently.
Never drive downhill with the engine
off!
When visibility is insufficient, switch on
the low beam even during the day, in order to make your vehicle more visible.
In case of wet ground or scarce wheel
grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), drive slowly,
avoiding sudden brakings or manoeuvres that could make you lose grip and
fall down.
By putting on the front brake only or the
rear brake only, you reduce the braking
force considerably, thus running the
risk of locking one wheel and consequently losing grip.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
33
a
Pay the utmost attention to any
obstacle or variation of the
ground. Uneven roads, rails,
manhole covers, indications painted on
the road surface, building site metal
plates become rather slippery by rain.
For this reason all these obstacles have
to be carefully avoided, driving smoothly and bending the vehicle as little as
possible. Always use the turn indicators
in time when you intend to change lane
or direction, avoiding sharp and dangerous movements.
Switch off the direction indicators as
soon as you have changed direction.
Be extremely careful when you overtake
other vehicles or are overtaken.
In case of rain, the water cloud created
by big vehicles reduces visibility; the
air shift may make you lose control of
the vehicle.
25..).').
The running-in of the engine is important to
ensure its correct functioning.
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or
roads with many bends, so that the engine,
the suspensions and the brakes undergo a
more effective running-in.
Keep to the following indications:
U Do not open the throttle completely if the
speed is low, both during and after the
running-in.
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
c
34
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
U
During the first 100 km put on the brakes
with caution, avoiding sharp and prolonged brakings. This ensures a correct
bedding-in of the pads on the brake disc.
U During the first 500 km, never exceed
4000 rpm.
U Between the first 500 and 1000 km, never exceed 5000 rpm.
a
After the first 1000 km, carry out
the checking operations indicated in the column "After runningin" of the REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART, see p. 36 (REGULAR
SERVICE INTERVALS CHART), in order
to avoid hurting yourself or other people and/or damaging the vehicle.
U
Between the first 1000 and 2000 km
drive more briskly, change speed and
use the maximum acceleration only for a
few seconds, in order to ensure better
coupling of the components; never exceed 5500 rpm.
U After the first 2000 km you can expect
better performance from the engine,
however, without exceeding the max rpm
(6250 rpm).
Engine maximum rpm
for the running-in
Mileage km
Max. rpm
0 - 500
4000
500 - 1000
5000
1000 - 2000
5500
over 2000
6250
34/00).'
a
I f po s s i b le , a v o i d s t o p pi n g
abruptly, slowing down suddenly
and braking at the last moment.
U
Release the throttle grip, gradually put
on the brakes and at the same time shift
down in order to decrease the speed,
see p. 32 (DEPARTURE AND DRIVE).
Once the speed has decreased, before
stopping the vehicle:
U Pull the clutch lever in order to prevent
the stopping of the engine.
When the vehicle has come to rest:
U Position the shifting lever in neutral
(green warning light "q" on).
U Release the clutch lever.
U While the vehicle is at rest, keep at least
one brake on.
0!2+).'
a
Park the vehicle on firm and flat
ground, to prevent it from falling
down.
Neither lean the vehicle against walls,
nor lay it on the ground.
Make sure that the vehicle and especially its red-hot parts do not represent a
danger for persons and children. Do not
leave the vehicle unattended when the
engine is on or the key is inserted into
the ignition switch.
Do not sit on the vehicle when the stand
is down.
35''%34)/.3
4/ 02%6%.4 4(%&4
U
U
Stop the vehicle, see p. 34 (STOPPING).
Move the engine stop switch (1) to position "m".
U Rotate the key (2) and move the ignition
switch (3) to position "m".
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
beside (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
U Move the fuel tap lever (4) to position
"OFF".
a
Never leave the key in the ignition switch.
U
Lock the steering, see p. 18 (STEERING
LOCK) and extract the key (2).
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
STAND
CENTRAL STAND &
U Seize the left grip and the left passenger
grab rail (5).
U Press the stand lever (6) downwards.
SIDE STAND
Seize the left grip and the left passenger
grab rail (5).
U Press the side stand with your right foot
and extend it completely (7).
U Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
on the ground (8).
U Steer the handlebar completely leftwards.
NEVER leave the ignition key inserted and
always use the steering lock.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in
a garage or a protected place.
If possible, use the appropriate aprilia
“Body-Guard” armored cable &, or an additional anti-theft device.
Make sure that all documents are in order
and the road tax has been paid.
Write down your personal data and telephone number in this page, to facilitate the
identification of the owner in case of finding
after theft.
SURNAME: ...............................................
NAME: .......................................................
ADDRESS: ................................................
U
c
...................................................................
TELEPHONE NO.: ....................................
c
Very often stolen vehicles are
identified thanks to the data written in the use/maintenance manual.
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
35
-!).4%.!.#%
a
Before beginning any maintenance operation or any inspection of the vehicle, stop the engine, extract the key from the ignition
block, wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down and if
possible lift the vehicle by means of the
proper equipment, on firm and flat
ground. Keep away from the red-hot
parts of the engine and of the exhaust
system, in order to avoid burns.
The vehicle is made up of not edible
parts. Never bite, suck, chew or swallow
any part of the vehicle for any reason.
a
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the reassembly of the
units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse order.
Ordinary maintenance operations can usually be carried out by the user, but sometimes a basic knowledge of mechanics and
specific tools are required. If you need assistance or technical advice, consult your
aprilia Official Dealer, who can ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
After any maintenance operation, carry out
the "Preliminary checking operations", see
p. 29 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS).
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
36
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
2%'5,!2 3%26)#% ).4%26!,3 #(!24
Component
After running-in
(1000 km)
Every 6000 km
or 8 months
Every 12000 km
or 16 months
Battery - electrolyte level
Spark plug
Carburettors
Drive chain
every 500 km: Timing chain
Wheel centering
Steering bearings and steering
Wheel bearings
Air cleaner
Engine oil filter
Engine oil filter (on the frame)
Clutch clearance
Tappet clearance
Braking systems
Cooling system
Light system
Brake fluid
every year: Brake fluid
Coolant
every 1000 km:/every 2 years:
Fork oil
Engine oil
every 500 km:/every 6000 km:
Tyre pressure
every month: Engine idling rpm
Fuel cock
Nut, bolt, screw tightening
Suspensions and attitude
Brake fluid bleeding
Spoke tension
Fuel pipes
every 4 years: Front and rear brake pad wear
= check, clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary. = clean; = change; = adjust.
Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or
on uneven ground. Have maintenance operations on the components indicated by
carried out by
APRILIA Official Dealers ONLY.
)$%.4)&)#!4)/. $!4!
It is a good rule to write down the frame
and engine numbers in the space provided
in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the purchase of spare parts.
ENGINE NUMBER
FRAME NUMBER
The engine number is stamped on the rear
part of the left engine crankcase.
The frame number is stamped on the right
side of the steering column.
Engine no.
Frame no.
c
Do not alter the identification
numbers if you do not want to incur severe penal and administrative
sanctions. In particular, the alteration of
the frame number results in the immediate invalidity of the guarantee.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
37
!)2 #,%!.%2
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Check the air cleaner every 6000 km or 8
months, change it every 12000 km or more
frequently if the vehicle is used on dusty or
wet roads.
It is possible to clean the air cleaner partially after using the vehicle on this kind of
roads.
a
38
The partial cleaning of the filter
does not exclude or postpone
the replacement of the filter itself.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
REMOVAL
U Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
U Rotate the air cleaner conveyor (1)
clockwise, raise and remove it.
U Extract the air cleaner (2).
Partial cleaning
a
Do not press or strike the metal
net of the air cleaner.
Do not use screwdrivers or alike.
U
Seize the air cleaner vertically and strike
it more than once on a clean surface.
U If necessary, clean the filter with a compressed air jet (directing it from the inside towards the outside of the filter).
U Clean the outer part of the air cleaner
with a cloth.
Changing
U
Replace the air cleaner with a new one
of the same type.
U Make sure that the gasket (3) is intact; if
it is damaged, change it.
U Every 6000 km, remove the plug (4), so
that any impurity that may have accumulated inside the filter case can be discharged.
U
Withdraw the plug/dipstick (1) again and
read the oil level on the graduated marking:
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level
The difference between "MAX" and
"MIN" is about 300 cm#.
U The level is correct if the oil reaches approx the "MAX" mark on the dipstick.
a
#(%#+).' 4(% %.').% /),
,%6%, !.$ 4/00).' 50
Carefully read p. 21 (ENGINE OIL) and
p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
U
Stop the engine and let it cool down for
at least ten minutes, in order to allow the
oil to flow back to the oil pan and to cool
down.
U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING)
and let it idle for about one minute, in order to ensure the filling up of the oil tank.
U Stop the engine.
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
The non-performance of the operations described above may
result in a wrong measurement of the
level.
To carry out the checking:
U
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
U
If necessary, top up the engine oil tank
through the filling hole (2), after extracting the plug/dipstick (1).
c
Check the engine oil level every 500 km,
change it after the first 1000 km and successively every 6000 km, see p. 40
(CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL AND THE
OIL FILTER).
c
Never exceed the "MAX" mark,
nor leave the oil below the "MIN"
mark, in order to avoid serious
damage to the engine.
Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick
(1).
U Clean the part in contact with the oil with
a clean cloth.
U Insert the plug/dipstick in the filling hole
(2) completely, without tightening it.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
39
5
4
#(!.').' 4(% %.').% /),
!.$ 4(% /), &),4%2
Carefully read p. 21 (ENGINE OIL) and
p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
U
U
a
Driving torque of the drain plug positioned on the frame: 27 Nm (2.7 kgm).
Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING)
and let it idle for a few minutes, in order
to facilitate the outflow of the oil during
the draining phase.
U Stop the engine.
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
Check the engine oil level every 500 km,
change it after the first 1000 km and successively every 6000 km.
When warmed up, the engine
contains hot oil; therefore, while
carrying out the operations described here below be particularly careful, in order to avoid burns.
To change the oil, proceed as follows:
U
c
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
U
Stop the engine and let it cool down for
at least ten minutes, in order to allow the
oil to flow back to the oil pan and to cool
down.
40
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick
(1).
U Unscrew and remove the four screws
(2).
U Remove the oil pan guard (3).
U Put a container (4) with at least 2500 cm#
capacity in correspondence with the
drain plug on the frame (5).
Unscrew and remove the drain plug positioned on the frame (5).
U Drain the oil and let it drip into the container (4) for a few minutes.
U Check and if necessary change the sealing washer of the drain plug positioned
on the frame (5).
U Screw and tighten the drain plug positioned on the frame (5).
U
Move the container (4) and position it under the engine base, in correspondence
with the drain plug positioned on the engine (6).
U Unscrew and remove the drain plug positioned on the engine (6).
U Drain the oil and let it drip inside the container (4) for a few minutes.
7
9
8
10
U
Remove the metal residues from the
drain plug (6) magnet.
U Check and if necessary replace the sealing washer of the drain plug (6).
Change the sealing washer of the drain
plug (6) every 12000 km (or every second engine oil change).
U
Screw and tighten the drain plug (6).
Driving torque of the drain plug (6) positioned on the engine: 40 Nm (4 kgm).
Clean the engine oil filter positioned on
the frame (7) every 12000 km (or every
second engine oil change).
c
Prepare a pipe clamp (8) to replace the original one (special
type).
U
Loosen the clamp (9) and disconnect the
pipe (10).
U Unscrew and remove the engine oil filter
positioned on the frame (7) and clean it
with a compressed air jet.
U Check the seal of the engine oil filter positioned on the frame (7), screw and
tighten it.
Driving torque of the engine oil filter positioned on the frame: 35 Nm (3.5 kgm).
U
Connect the pipe (10) and tighten the
new clamp (8).
Change the engine oil filter after the
first 1000 km and successively every
6000 km (or every time you change the
oil).
U
Unscrew the two screws (11) and remove the cover (12).
U
U
Remove the engine oil filter (13).
Spread an oil film on the sealing ring of
the new engine oil filter.
U Fit the new engine oil filter.
U Put back the cover (12), screw and tighten the two screws (11).
U Pour about 1600 cm# of engine oil
through the filling opening (14), see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE).
U Tighten the plug/dipstick (1).
U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING)
and let it idle for about one minute, in order to ensure the filling up of the engine
oil circuit.
U Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick
(1).
U Pour other 600 cm# of oil through the filling opening (14).
U Check the oil level, see p. 39 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND
TOPPING UP)).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
41
&2/.4 7(%%,
a
The disassembly and reassembly of the front wheel may be difficult for unskilled operators. If
necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
While disassembling and reassembling
the wheel, be careful not to damage the
brake pipe, the disc and the pads.
Before performing the operations described here below, let the engine and
the silencer cool down until they reach
room temperature, in order to avoid
burns.
42
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
DISASSEMBLY
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the four screws (1).
U Remove the oil pan guard (2).
a
Due to the weight and dimensions of the vehicle, the following operation cannot be performed by one person only.
Proceed with care and make sure that
you can support the weight of the vehicle.
c
Weight of the vehicle without
driver (ready for starting): 200 kg
U
Raise the front part of the vehicle and have
a suitable support (the weight of which
should be about 350 mm) placed under the
engine, so that the front wheel can rotate
freely and the vehicle cannot fall down.
a
The vehicle may fall down.
Provide for balancing the vehicle, in order to prevent it from
falling down.
U
Position and fix a load weighing about 40
kg on the rear luggage rack, in order to
support the front part of the vehicle.
a
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
U
Have the handlebar held still in driving
position, so that the steering is locked.
U Loosen the two screws (3) of the wheel
pin clamp.
U Unscrew and remove the two screws (4).
U Move the mudguard support (5) as much as
necessary and unscrew the wheel pin (6).
c
To facilitate the extraction of the
wheel pin, slightly lift the wheel.
U
U
Manually extract the wheel pin (6).
Take the spacer ring (left side).
c
Upon removal, check the position of the speedometer/odometer control: it will be useful during the
reassembly.
U
Remove the speedometer/odometer
control (7) from the wheel seat.
U Remove the wheel, carefully withdrawing
the disc from the brake caliper.
a
Never pull the front brake lever
after removing the wheel, otherwise the caliper pistons may go
out of their seats, thus causing the outflow of the brake fluid. In this case consult your APRILIA Official Dealer, who
will carry out the proper maintenance
operation.
REASSEMBLY
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
a
c
While reassembling the wheel,
be careful not to damage the
brake pipe, the disc and the
pads.
Insert the disc in the brake caliper with care.
U
Position the wheel between the fork
rods.
a
Grease the inside of the speedometer/odometer control, see
p. 68 (LUBRICANT TABLE).
a
Grease the wheel pin, see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE).
U
Position the speedometer/odometer control tang (7) in the relevant seat in the
wheel hub.
U Correctly position the odometer control
seat in correspondence with the special
antirotation pin (8).
U Shift the mudguard support (5) as much
as necessary to insert the wheel pin (6)
partially (from the right side of the vehicle).
U Insert the spacer ring between the wheel
hub and the fork left rod.
U
Insert the wheel pin (6) completely (fitting
the spacer ring) and tighten it.
Wheel pin nut driving torque:
80 Nm (8 kgm).
U
Correctly position the mudguard support
(5).
a
Due to the weight and dimensions of the vehicle, the following operation cannot be performed by one person only.
Proceed with care and make sure that
you can support the weight of the vehicle.
c
Weight of the vehicle without
driver (ready for starting):
200 kg.
U
Raise the front part of the vehicle and remove the support positioned under the
engine during disassembly.
U Lower the vehicle and position it on the
stand.
U Correctly position the oil pan guard (2).
U Screw and tighten the four screws (1).
U With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. In this way the fork rods will
settle properly.
U Screw and tighten the two screws (4).
U Tighten the wheel pin clamp screws (3).
Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque:
10 Nm (1 kgm).
a
After reassembly, pull the front
brake lever repeatedly and
check the correct functioning of
the braking system.
Check the wheel centering.
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
43
2%!2 7(%%,
a
The disassembly and reassembly of the rear wheel may be difficult for unskilled operators. If
necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
a
While disassembling and reassembling the wheel, be careful
not to damage the brake pipe,
the disc and the pads.
DISASSEMBLY
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the four screws (1).
U Remove the oil pan guard (2).
a
Due to the weight and dimensions of the vehicle, the following operation cannot be performed by one person only.
Proceed with care and make sure that
you can support the weight of the vehicle.
c
Weight of the vehicle without
driver (ready for starting): 200 kg.
44
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
U
Raise the rear part of the vehicle, have a
suitable support (the height of which
should be 350 mm) placed under the engine, so that the rear wheel can rotate
freely and the vehicle cannot fall down.
a
The vehicle may fall down.
Provide for balancing the vehicle, in order to prevent it from
falling down.
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
U
Lock the wheel pin (3) rotation, by
means of the suitable spanner.
U Unscrew and remove the nut (4) and
take the washer (5).
Wheel nut driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).
c
To facilitate the extraction of the
wheel pin, slightly raise the
wheel.
U
Extract the wheel pin (3) manually and
take the washer (6).
U Make the rear wheel advance and release the drive chain (7) from the crown
gear (8).
U Withdraw the wheel from the rear fork
from behind, carefully withdrawing the
disc from the brake caliper.
a
Never pull the rear brake lever
after removing the wheel, otherwise the caliper piston may go
out of its seat, thus causing the outflow
of the brake fluid. In this case consult
your APRILIA Official Dealer, who will
carry out the proper maintenance operation.
REASSEMBLY
a
Carefully insert the disc in the
brake caliper.
U
Position the rear wheel between the rods
of the rear fork.
U Make the wheel advance and position
the drive chain (7) on the crown gear (8).
a
Risk of injuries.
Do not use your fingers to align
the seats.
U
Make the wheel move backwards and
align the pin seat on the wheel hub with
the pin seats on the rods of the rear fork.
a
c
Grease the wheel pin, see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE).
To facilitate the insertion of the
wheel pin, slightly raise the
wheel.
U
Insert the wheel pin (3) complete with
washer (6) from the left side of the vehicle.
c
Make sure that the wheel pin has
been inserted completely.
U
Fit the washer (5) and screw the nut (4)
completely.
U Check the chain tension, see p. 46
(CHAIN).
U Lock the wheel pin (3) rotation by means
of the suitable spanner and tighten the
nut (4).
c
Weight of the vehicle without
driver (ready for starting): 200 kg.
U
Raise the rear part of the vehicle and remove the support positioned under the
engine during disassembly.
U Lower the vehicle and position it on the
stand.
U Correctly position the oil pan guard (2).
U Screw and tighten the four screws (1).
a
After reassembly, pull the rear
brake lever repeatedly and
check the correct functioning of
the braking system.
Check the wheel centering.
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
Wheel pin-nut driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).
a
Due to the weight and dimensions of the vehicle, the following operation cannot be performed by one person only.
Proceed with care and make sure that
you can support the weight of the vehicle.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
45
a
Incorrect maintenance may
cause the untimely wear of the
chain and/or damages to the pinion and/or the crown.
Carry out the maintenance operations
more frequently if you use the vehicle in
difficult conditions or on dusty and/or
muddy roads.
#(!).
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is equipped with an endless
chain, in which the ring link joint is not
used.
a
An excessive slackening of the
chain can cause it to come off of
the sprockets, which often results in accidents or serious damage to
the vehicle.
Periodically check the slack and adjust
it if necessary, see beside (ADJUSTMENT).
To change the chain, contact an APRILIA
Official Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
CHECKING THE SLACK
To check the slack, proceed as follows:
U Stop the engine.
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Position the shifting lever in neutral.
U Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in
an intermediate point between pinion
and crown in the lower part of the chain,
is about 35 ÷ 45 mm.
U Move the vehicle forwards, or turn the
wheel, in order to be able to check the vertical oscillation of the chain even when the
wheel turns; the slack must be constant in
all the rotation phases of the wheel.
a
If in some positions the slack is
higher than in others, this means
that there are crushed or seized
links; in this case, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. To prevent the risk of seizures, lubricate the chain frequently, see
p. 47 (LUBRICATION AND CLEANING).
If the slack is uniform, but higher or lower
than 35 ÷ 45 mm, adjust it, see beside (ADJUSTMENT).
46
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
ADJUSTMENT
If after the check it is necessary to adjust
the chain tension, proceed as follows:
U Lock the rotation of the wheel pin (1) by
means of the suitable spanner.
U Loosen the nut (2).
c
For the wheel centering numbered reference marks are provided, which are connected with the
movement of the adjusters (3) and (4).
These reference marks can be seen inside two slots (5) and (6) positioned on
the rods of the rear fork, before the
wheel pin.
U
Act on the left (3) and right (4) adjusters
and adjust the chain slack, making sure
that the slots (5) and (6) coincide with the
same reference marks on both sides of
the vehicle.
CHECKING THE WEAR OF CHAIN,
PINION AND CROWN
Further, check the chain and sprockets
and make sure that they do not present:
U Damaged rollers.
U Loose pins.
U Dry, rusty, crushed or seized links.
U Excessive wear.
U Lacking O rings.
U Sprocket or teeth excessively worn or
damaged.
U
Lock the wheel pin (1) rotation by means
of the suitable spanner.
U Tighten the nut (2).
Wheel pin-nut driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).
U
Check the chain slack, see p. 46
(CHECKING THE SLACK).
a
If the chain rollers are damaged,
the pins are loose and/or the O
rings are damaged or lacking, it
is necessary to change the whole chain
unit (both sprockets and chain).
a
Lubricate the chain frequently,
especially if there are dry or
rusty parts. The crushed or
seized links must be lubricated and
made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer, who will provide
for changing the chain.
U
LUBRICATION AND CLEANING
a
The drive chain is provided with
O rings among the links, in order
to keep the grease inside them.
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication,
cleaning and change of the chain with
great care.
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Lubricate the chain every 500 km or whenever necessary.
Lubricate the chain with spray grease for
chains only, see p. 68 (LUBRICANT TABLE).
Never wash the chain with water jets,
steam jets, high-pressure water jets and
highly inflammable solvents.
Finally, check the wear of the rear fork
protection shoe.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
47
2%-/6).' 4(% &5%, 4!.+
Carefully read p. 21 (FUEL) and p. 36
(MAINTENANCE).
U
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
a
Risk of fire.
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely
cooled down.
a
Fuel vapours are noxious for
your health.
Before proceeding, make sure
that the room in which you are working
is properly ventilated.
Do not inhale fuel vapours.
Do not smoke and do not use naked
flames. Do not dispose of fuel in the environment.
48
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
U
Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
U Move the fuel tap lever (1) to position
"OFF".
U Unscrew and remove the central screw
(2).
U Take the rubber element (3).
U ( Unscrew and remove the three screws
(4).
U Disconnect the electric connector (5) of
the low fuel sensor.
U Disconnect the water drain pipe (7) from
the fuel tank plug.
U Disconnect the fuel breather pipe (7).
U Lift the tank and remove it.
2%-/6).'
4(% 2)'(4 !.$ ,%&4 3)$%3
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
U
Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
U Unscrew and remove the four screws
(8).
U Remove the side (9).
).30%#4).' 4(% &2/.4
!.$ 2%!2 3530%.3)/.3
a
Have the front suspension oil
changed by an APRILIA Official
Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
#(%#+).' 4(% 34%%2).'
#(%#+).'
4(% 2%!2 &/2+ &5,#25- !8)3
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
Every now and then it is advisable to check
the steering, in order to verify if there are
slacks.
To check the steering it is necessary to:
U Carry out the first four operations relevant to the disassembly of the front
wheel, see p. 42 (DISASSEMBLY).
U Keep the rear part of the vehicle down.
U Shake the fork in the direction of travel
(see figure).
Periodically check the tightening of the pin
and of the needle bearings of the rear fork.
To carry out this operation, proceed as follows:
U Carry out the first four operations relevant to the disassembly of the rear
wheel, see p. 44 (DISASSEMBLY).
U Shake the wheel perpendicularly to the
direction of travel (see figure).
a
If you find that there is a considerable slack, contact your
APRILIA Official Dealer to restore
the optimal use conditions.
If you find that there is a considerable slack, contact your
APRILIA Official Dealer to restore
the optimal steering conditions.
a
Change the front suspension oil every
12000 km.
Further, carry out the following checking
operations:
U With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards.
The stroke must be gentle and there
must be no trace of oil on the rods.
U Check the fastening of all the components and the functionality of the front
and rear suspension joints.
a
If you notice irregularities in the
operation or if the help of a qualified technician is necessary,
contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
49
2%!2 3530%.3)/.
The rear suspension consists of a springshock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by
means of silent-blocks.
For the setting of the vehicle attitude, the
shock absorber is provided with an adjusting ring nut (1), a locking ring nut (2) and a
screw (3) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber.
The standard adjustment, set by the manufacturer, is suitable for a driver weighing
about 70 kg.
If your weight and needs are different, for
example in case of ride with passenger
and full load, contact an aprilia Official
Dealer.
a
Adjust the hydraulic braking
with extended shock absrober
according to the conditions of
use of the vehicle.
a
If the vehicle attitude has been
set for full load, do not turn the
screw (3) to the left (anticlockwise), in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.
If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
50
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
According to the conditions of use of the
vehicle, it is possible to adjust the hydraulic
braking with extended shock absorber by
adjusting the screw (3); for the adjustment,
keep to the following indications:
Raveled or irregular road surface - hard
adjustment:
U rotate the screw (3) to the right (clockwise).
Normal or regular road surface - soft adjustment:
U rotate the screw (3) to the left (anticlockwise).
2%!2 3530%.3)/.
7)4( (9$2!5,)# 02%,/!$
!$*534-%.4
&
Thanks to this kind of suspension, it is possible to adjust the preload of the spring and
of the hydraulic braking with extended
shock absorber.
a
Adjust the preload of the spring
and of the hydraulic braking with
extended shock absorber according to the conditions of use of the
vehicle.
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.
ADJUSTING THE PRELOAD OF THE
SPRING AND OF THE HYDRAULIC
BRAKING WITH EXTENDED SHOCK
ABSORBER
Soft adjustment - for light load (for example, solo rider).
&
Spring:
U Rotate the handwheel (4) completely
leftwards (anticlockwise).
Shock absorber:
Rotate the adjusting screw (5) completely leftwards (anticlockwise).
U
Intermediate adjustment - for normal load
(for example, rider and passenger).
Spring:
U Starting from the soft adjustment position, rotate the handwheel (4) rightwards
(clockwise), giving it 25 clicks.
Shock absorber:
U Starting from the soft adjustment position, rotate the adjusting screw (5) rightwards (clockwise), giving it a full turn (9
clicks).
Hard adjustment - for heavy load (for example, rider, passenger and luggage).
Spring:
U Rotate the handwheel (4) completely
rightwards (clockwise).
Shock absorber:
U Rotate the adjusting screw (5) completely rightwards (clockwise).
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR
Carefully read p. 22 (BRAKE FLUID (recommendations)), p. 22 (DISC BRAKES),
p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
The following information refer to a single braking system, but are valid for
both.
To carry out a rapid checking of the wear of
the pads, proceed as follows:
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Carry out a visual checking of the friction
material thickness by looking between
the brake caliper and the pads. Proceed:
– from below for the front brake caliper
(6).
– from above for the rear brake caliper
(7).
U If the thickness of the friction material
(even of one pad only) has reduced to
about 1 mm, replace both pads.
a
Have the pads changed by your
APRILIA Official Dealer.
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Check the brake pad wear after the first
1000 km and successively every 6000 km.
The wear of the brake pads depends on
the use, on the kind of drive and on the
road. The wear will be greater when the vehicle is driven on dirty or wet roads.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
51
By SCREWING IT (clockwise), you increase the engine rpm.
By UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise),
you decrease the engine rpm.
U Twist the throttle grip, accelerating and
decelerating a few times to make sure
that it functions correctly and to check if
the idling speed is constant.
c
Do not adjust the air screw, to
avoid variations of the carburation setting.
)$,).' !$*534-%.4
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
Adjust the idling every time it is irregular.
To carry out this operation, proceed as follows:
U Ride for a few miles until reaching the
normal running temperature, see p. 15
(Coolant temperature indicator “h”).
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
both wheels resting on the ground.
U Check the engine idling rpm on the revolution counter.
The engine idling speed must be about
1400 ± 100 rpm.
If necessary:
Adjust the knob (1) positioned on the left
side of the vehicle.
U
52
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
!$*534).'
4(% !##%,%2!4/2 #/.42/,
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
The ideal slack of the accelerator control
should be about 2-3 mm.
To adjust the slack, proceed as follows:
U Remove the protection element (2).
U Loosen the nut (3) (by screwing it).
U Act on the adjuster (4) placed at the beginning of the accelerator control cable.
Once you have carried out the adjustment,
tighten the nut (3) (by unscrewing it), thus
locking the adjuster (4) and put back the
protection element (2).
!$*534).'
4(% #/,$ 34!24 #/.42/, e
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
The ideal slack of the cold start control
should be about 2-3 mm.
To adjust the slack, proceed as follows:
U Remove the protection element (5).
U Loosen the nut (6) (by screwing it).
U Act on the adjuster (7) placed at the beginning of the accelerator control cable.
Once you have carried out the adjustment,
tighten the nut (6) (by unscrewing it), thus
locking the adjuster (7) and put back the
protection element (5).
U
30!2+ 0,5'
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Check the spark plug every 6000 km,
change it every 12000 km. Periodically remove the spark plug and clean it carefully,
removing carbon deposits; change it if necessary.
To reach the spark plug:
U Remove the fuel tank, see p. 48 (REMOVING THE FUEL TANK).
To remove and clean the spark plug:
U Take off the spark plug cap (1).
U Remove all the dirt from the base of the
spark plug, then unscrew it with the
spanner you will find in the tool kit and
extract it from its seat, taking care that
neither dust nor other substances enter
the cylinder.
U Make sure that there are neither carbon
deposits, nor corrosion marks on the
electrode and on the central porcelain
part; if necessary, clean them with the
special cleaners for spark plugs, with an
iron wire and/or a metal brush.
Energetically blow some air, in order to
prevent the removed residues from getting into the engine.
If the spark plug has crackings on the insulating material, corroded electrodes or
excessive deposits, it must be changed.
U Check the spark plug gap with a thickness gauge.
The gap must be 0.6 ÷ 0.7 mm; if necessary adjust it, carefully bending the earth
electrode.
U Make sure that the washer is in good
conditions.
With the washer on, screw the spark
plug by hand in order not to damage the
thread.
U Tighten the spark plug by means of the
spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving
it half a turn to compress the washer.
Spark plug driving torque:
20 Nm (2 kgm).
a
The spark plug must be well
tightened, otherwise the engine
may overheat and be seriously
damaged.
Use the recommended type of spark
plug only, see p. 65 (TECHNICAL DATA), in order not to compromise the life
and performance of the engine.
U
Position the spark plug cap properly, so
that it does not come off due to the vibrations of the engine.
U Put back the fuel tank.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
53
a
In case of contact with the skin,
rinse with plenty of water.
In case of contact with the eyes, rinse
with plenty of water for fifteen minutes,
then consult an oculist without delay.
If the electrolyte is accidentally swallowed, drink a lot of water or milk, then
continue drinking milk of magnesia or
vegetable oil and consult a doctor without delay.
"!44%29
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
c
Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Check the electrolyte level and the tightening of the terminals after the first 1000 km
and successively every 6000 km or 8
months.
a
The electrolyte in the battery is
toxic and caustic and if it gets in
contact with the skin it can
cause burns, since it contains sulphuric
acid.
Wear protection clothes, a face mask
and/or goggles during maintenance operations.
54
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
The battery gives off explosive gases;
keep it away from flames, sparks, cigarettes and any other source of heat.
a
During the recharging or the
use, make sure that the room is
properly ventilated and avoid inhaling the gases released during the recharging.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
Never invert the connection of the battery cables.
Do not incline the vehicle too much, in
order to avoid dangerous leaks of the
battery fluid.
Connect and disconnect the battery
with the ignition switch in position "m".
Connect first the positive cable (+) and
then the negative cable (–).
Disconnect following the reverse order.
a
Upon reassembly, always connect the battery breather pipe, to
prevent the sulphuric acid vapours from corroding the electric system, painted parts, rubber elements or
gaskets when they exit the breather
pipe itself.
U
#(%#+).'
4(% %,%#42/,94% ,%6%,
U
Carefully read p. 54 (BATTERY).
2%#(!2').' 4(% "!44%29
To check the electrolyte level, proceed as
follows:
U Remove the left side, see p. 48 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
U Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
U Remove the battery cover (2).
U Make sure that the fluid level is included
between the two "MIN" and "MAX"
notches stamped on the battery side.
Otherwise:
U Remove the element plugs.
Carefully read p. 54 (BATTERY).
a
Never exceed the "MAX" notch,
since the level increases during
the recharge.
Top up by adding distilled water only.
Check the electrolyte level, if necessary
top up, then:
U Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position "m".
U Disconnect, in order, the negative (–)
and positive (+) cable.
a
U
Upon reassembly, connect first
the positive cable (+) and then
the negative cable (–).
Remove the battery breather pipe.
Extract the battery from its container and
put it in a cool and dry place.
U Remove the element plugs.
U Connect the battery with a battery charger.
U A recharge with an amperage equal to
1/10th of the battery capacity is recommended.
U After the recharging operation, check the
electrolyte level again and if necessary
top up with distilled water.
,/.' ).!#4)6)49
/& 4(% "!44%29
If the vehicle remains unused for a long period, remove the battery and place it in a
cool and dry place. Recharge it completely,
by using a trickle charge.
If the battery remains on the vehicle, disconnect the cables from the terminals.
It is important to check the charge periodically (about once a month), during the winter or when the vehicle remains unused, in
order to prevent the deterioration of the
battery.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
55
#(!.').' 4(% &53%3
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
a
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Never use fuses different from
the recommended ones.
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause
damages to the electric system or, in
case of short circuit, even a fire.
c
If a fuse blows frequently, there
probably is a short circuit or an
overload in the electric system. In this
case it is advisable to consult an
APRILIA Official Dealer.
56
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
c
If an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to
start, it is necessary to check the fuses.
Check the 7.5 A and the 15 A fuses first
and then the 20A fuse.
If you use one of the spare fuses
(4) (5) (6), put a new fuse in the
proper seat.
7.5 (1), 15 A (2) and 20A (3) fuses:
U Turn the ignition switch to position "m",
to avoid any accidental short circuit.
U Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
U Extract the fuses one by one and check if
the filament (7) is broken.
U Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the
cause of the trouble, if possible.
U Replace the damaged fuse with a new
one having the same amperage.
20 A fuse (3) - From the battery to:
key switch, regulator, fan.
15 A fuse (2) - From the key switch to:
all light loads.
7.5 A fuse (1) - From the key switch to:
ignition.
ARRANGEMENT OF THE FUSES
#(%#+).' 4(% 3)$% 34!.$
!.$ 4(% 3!&%49 37)4#(
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
The side stand (1) must rotate without hindrances.
Carry out the following checks:
U The springs (2) must not be damaged,
worn, rusty or weakened.
U The side stand must rotate freely, if necessary grease the joint.
The side stand (1) is provided with a safety
switch (3) that makes the starter rotation
and the engine ignition impossible with engaged gears and side stand (1) down.
To check the proper functioning of the
safety switch (3), proceed as follows:
U Seat on the vehicle in driving position.
U Fold the side stand (1).
U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING).
U With released throttle grip (Pos. A) and
engine idling, pull the clutch lever (4)
completely.
U Engage the first gear, pushing the shifting lever (5) downwards.
U Lower the side stand (1), thus operating
the safety switch (3).
At this point the engine must stop.
a
If the engine does not stop, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
57
!$*534).'
4(% (%!$,)'(4 "%!To rapidly check the correct direction of the
beam, place the vehicle on flat ground, 10
m away from a wall.
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle
and make sure that the beam projected on
the wall is slightly under the horizontal line
of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total
height).
To adjust the headlight beam:
U Adjust the screw (1) with an 8 mm fixed
spanner.
By SCREWING IT (clockwise), you set
the beam upwards.
By UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise),
you set the beam downwards.
"5,"3
a
Before changing a bulb, turn the
ignition switch to position "m".
Change the bulb wearing clean
gloves or using a clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb,
since these may cause its overheating
and consequent breakage.
If you touch the bulb with bare hands,
remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in
order to prevent it from blowing frequently.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC
CABLES
58
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
HIGH BEAM BULB (LEFT SIDE)
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
U
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Move the protection element (4) with
your hands.
U Release the check spring (5) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (6).
U Extract the bulb (7) and replace it.
LOW/HIGH BEAM BULB (RIGHT SIDE)
#(!.').'
4(% (%!$,)'(4 "5,"3
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
c
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
The headlight contains:
U One high beam bulb (7) (left side).
U One parking light bulb (3).
U One low/high beam bulb (10) (right side).
To change the bulbs, proceed as follows:
PARKING LIGHT BULB
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
a
U
To extract the bulb socket, do
not pull the electric wires.
Move the protection element (1) with
your hands.
U Seize the bulb socket (2), pull it and remove it from its seat.
U Withdraw the parking light bulb (3) and
replace it with one of the same type.
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
U
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Move the protection element (8) with
your hands.
U Rotate the bulb socket (9) anticlockwise
and extract it from its seat.
U Slightly press the bulb (10) and rotate it
anticlockwise.
U Extract the bulb.
For the installation:
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the
socket.
U
Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
59
#(!.').'
4(% 2%!2 ,)'(4 "5,"
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
c
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the
socket.
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
U
To change the bulb, proceed as follows:
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
U Pull the protection glass outwards (2), by
exerting pressure on the lower area.
U Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
U Extract the bulb from its seat.
#(!.').' 4(% &2/.4
$)2%#4)/. ).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
For the installation:
60
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
c
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
To change the bulbs, proceed as follows:
U
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the two screws (4).
U Remove the protection glass (5).
a
Upon reassembly, tighten the
two screws (4) carefully, in order
not to damage the protection
glass.
U
Press the bulb (6) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
U Extract the bulb from its seat.
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the
socket.
U
Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
#(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 $)2%#4)/.
).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
c
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
To change the bulbs, proceed as follows:
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
U Remove the protection glass (2).
a
Upon reassembly, tighten the
screw (1) carefully, in order not
to damage the protection glass.
U
Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
U Extract the bulb from its seat.
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the
socket.
U
Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
#(!.').'
4(% .5-"%2 0,!4% "5,"
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
c
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
To change the bulb, proceed as follows:
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the screw (4).
U Remove the light unit (5).
U Extract the bulb socket (6).
U Withdraw the number plate bulb (7) and
replace it with a new one of the same
type.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
61
42!.30/24
a
Before transporting the vehicle,
it is necessary to empty the fuel
tank and the carburettor completely, see beside (DRAINING THE FUEL
TANK) making sure that both are completely dry.
During transport, the vehicle must be
kept in vertical position, it must be firmly anchored and the 1st gear must be
engaged, in order to avoid any leak of
fuel, oil, coolant.
a
In case of failure, do not tow the
vehicle, but ask for assistance.
$2!).).' 4(% &5%, 4!.+
Carefully read p. 21 (FUEL).
a
Risk of fire.
Wait until the engine and the
exhaust silencer have completely cooled down. Fuel vapours are noxious for your health.
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is properly ventilated.
Do not inhale fuel vapours.
Do not smoke, nor use free flames.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
62
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
U
c
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.
U Prepare a container with capacity exceeding the fuel quantity present in the
tank and put it on the ground on the left
side of the vehicle.
U Remove the fillercap.
U Empty the fuel tank by means of a manual pump or a similar system.
The vehicle is provided with two
carburettors. Carry out the emptying operations on both float chambers.
a
Tighten the drain screw (3) carefully, to avoid fuel leaks from the
carburettor breather pipe during
refilling.
After draining the tank, tighten
the fillercap.
U
To empty the float chamber, put the free
end of the pipe (1) into a receptacle.
U Acting through the hole positioned on the
frame (2), open the carburettor breather
by loosening the drain screw (3).
When all the fuel has flowed out:
a
If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
a
To clean the lights, use a sponge
soaked with water and a neutral
detergent, rubbing the surfaces
delicately and rinsing frequently with
plenty of water.
Polish with silicone wax only after having carefully washed the vehicle.
Do not wash the vehicle under the sun,
especially during the summer, when the
body is still warm, since if the shampoo
dries before being rinsed away, it can
damage the paint.
#,%!.).'
Clean the vehicle frequently if it used in
particular areas or conditions, such as:
U Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas).
U Areas characterized by an high percentage of salinity and humidity (sea areas,
hot and humid climates).
U Particular conditions (use of salt and
anti-ice chemical products on the roads
during the winter).
U Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and
polluting powders, tar spots, dead insects, bird droppings, etc. on the body.
U Avoid parking the vehicle under trees,
since in some seasons residues, resins,
fruits or leaves fall down, which contain
substances that may damage the paint.
a
After the vehicle has been
washed, its braking functions
could be temporarily impaired
because of the presence of water on the
grip surfaces. Calculate long braking
distances to avoid accidents.
Brake repeatedly to restore normal conditions.
Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 46 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
To remove dirt and mud from the painted
surfaces use a low- pressure water jet,
carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud
and filth with a soft car sponge impregnated with a lot of water and shampoo (2 – 4%
parts of shampoo in water).
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with
chamois leather. To clean the outer parts
of the engine use a degreaser, brushes
and wipers.
After washing the vehicle, always:
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Remove the cap (1).
U Empty its content into a container and
deliver it to a salvage centre.
Do not use liquids at a temperature exceeding 40°C to clean the plastic components of the vehicle. Do not direct
high-pressure water or air jets or steam
jets on to the following components:
wheel hubs, controls on the right and
left side of the handlebar, bearings,
brake pumps, instruments and indicators, exhaust pipes, glove/tool kit compartment, ignition switch/steering lock,
radiator wings, fuel cap, lights and electric connections.
Do not use alcohol or solvents to clean
the rubber and plastic parts, the saddle
and the headlight: use water and mild
soap.
a
Do not apply protection waxes
onto the saddle, in order not to
make it too slippery.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
63
,/.' 0%2)/$3 /& ).!#4)6)49
After a long period of inactivity of the vehicle some precautions are necessary to
avoid any problem.
Further, it is important to carry out the necessary repairs and a general check up before the period of inactivity, since you could
forget to carry them out later.
Proceed as follows:
U Drain the fuel tank and the carburettors,
see p. 62 (DRAINING THE FUEL
TANK).
U Extract the spark plug and pour a teaspoon (5-10 cm#) of engine oil into the
cylinder. Move the ignition switch to position "n"; press the start push button "r"
for a few seconds, to distribute the oil
evenly on the cylinder surfaces.
Put back the spark plug.
64
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
U
Remove the battery, see p. 55 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY).
U Wash and dry the vehicle, see p. 63
(CLEANING).
U Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
U Inflate the tyres, see p. 27 (TYRES).
U By means of a suitable support, position
the vehicle so that both tyres are raised
from the ground.
U Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-humid room, away from sunlight, with minimum temperature variations.
U Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of
plastic or waterproof materials.
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
U Uncover and clean the vehicle, see p. 63
(CLEANING).
U Check the electrolyte level in the battery
and install it, see p. 55 (LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY).
U Make sure that the fuel drain screw is
thoroughly screwed (breather pipe closing index), see p. 62 (DRAINING THE
FUEL TANK).
U Refill the fuel tank, see p. 21 (FUEL).
U Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 29 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
a
Have a test ride at moderate
speed in a low-traffic area.
4%#(.)#!, $!4!
DIMENSIONS
Max. length ..................................................... 2180 mm
Max. width....................................................... 880 mm
Max. height (front part of the fairing included) 1265 mm
Seat height...................................................... 840 mm
Distance between centres............................... 1480 mm
Min. ground clearance .................................... 200 mm
Weight ready for starting ................................. 200 kg
ENGINE
Type ................................................................ ROTAX 655 - one-cylinder, 4-stroke with 5 valves, 2 camshafts at
the head, dry crankcase lubrication.
Number of cylinders ........................................ 1
Total displacement .......................................... 651,9 cm#
Bore / stroke.................................................... 100 mm / 83 mm
Compression ratio ........................................... 9 ± 0,5 : 1
Starting............................................................ electric
Engine idling rpm ............................................ 1400 ± 100 rpm
Valve clearance (cold)..................................... 0.1 mm (intake) - 0.15 mm (exhaust)
Clutch.............................................................. multidisc in oil bath, with manual lever control on the left side of the
handlebar.
CAPACITY
TRANSMISSION
Cooling............................................................
Fuel (reserve included) ...................................
Fuel reserve ....................................................
Engine oil ........................................................
Coolant............................................................
Seats...............................................................
Vehicle max. load
(driver + passenger + luggage) .......................
liquid-cooled
22 L
5 L (mechanical reserve) - 6 L (electrical reserve).
oil change 2150 cm# - oil and oil filter change 2200 cm#.
1.4 L (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
2
180 kg
Type ................................................................ mechanical, 5 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
65
GEAR RATIOS
Ratio
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
CARBURETTOR
Number............................................................ 2
Model............................................................... Mikuni BST 33
Choke tube ...................................................... Ø 31.5 mm
FUEL SUPPLY
Primary
37/72 = 1 : 1.946
Secondary
12/33 = 1 : 2.750
16/28 = 1 : 1.750
16/21 = 1 : 1.312
22/23 = 1 : 1.045
24/21 = 1 : 0.875
Final ratio
16 / 47 = 1 : 2,937
Total ratio
15.720
10.003
7.502
5.976
5.001
Fuel: - normal version...................................... premium grade petrol (4 Stars U) according to the DIN 51600
standard, min. O.N. 98 (N.O.R.M.) and 88 (N.O.M.M.)
Fuel: - version 2 ^ ..................................... unleaded petrol according to the DIN 51607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
FRAME
Type................................................................. Composite structure made of steel and alloy, with removable cradle
and saddle pillar
Steering inclination angle ................................ 28°
Fore stroke ...................................................... 109 mm
SUSPENSIONS
Front ................................................................
Stroke ..............................................................
Rear.................................................................
Stroke ..............................................................
BRAKES
Front ................................................................ disc brake - Ø 300 mm - with hydraulic transmission
Rear................................................................. disc brake - Ø 220 mm - with hydraulic transmission
WHEELS
Type................................................................. aluminium with spokes
Front ................................................................ 2.15 19”
Rear................................................................. 3.00 17”
TYRES
FRONT ............................................................
- alternative ....................................................
- Inflation pressure for solo rider
- off-road ........................................................
- asphalted road.............................................
- Inflation pressure for rider and passenger
- off-road ........................................................
- asphalted road.............................................
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650
hydraulically operated telescopic fork
180 mm
hydraulic mono-shock absorber
49 mm
100 / 90 - 19 57 H
100 / 90 - R19 57 H; 100 / 90 - 19 57 S; 100 / 90 - 19 57 T
180 kPa (1.8 bar)
180 kPa (1.8 bar)
180 kPa (1.8 bar)
180 kPa (1.8 bar)
TYRES
REAR .............................................................. 130 / 80 - R17 65 H
- alternative ................................................... 140 / 70 - 17 66 H; 130 / 80 - 17 65 S;
130 / 80 - 17 65 T; 130 / 80 - 17 65 H
- Inflation pressure for solo rider
- off-road........................................................ 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
- asphalted road ............................................ 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
- Inflation pressure for rider and passenger
- off-road........................................................ 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
- asphalted road ............................................ 220 kPa (2.2 bar)
IGNITION
Type ................................................................ CDI - Nippon Denso
Standard spark plug........................................ (Ø12 x 1.25) NGK DR8 EA - NGK DR8 ES
Spark plug gap................................................ 0.6 ÷ 0.7 mm
ELECTRIC
SYSTEM
Battery............................................................. 12 V - 12 Ah
Fuses .............................................................. 7.5 - 15 - 20 A
Generator (with permanent magnet) ............... 12 V - 280 W
BULBS
Low/high beam................................................
High beam.......................................................
Parking light ....................................................
Direction indicators .........................................
Rear parking light/stoplight .............................
Number plate light ...........................................
Speedometer ..................................................
Revolution counter ..........................................
Coolant temperature indicator.........................
12 V - 55 / 60 W
12 V - 60 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 10 W
12 V - 5 / 21 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 2 W
12 V - 1.2 W
WARNING
LIGHTS
Neutral indicator ..............................................
Direction indicators .........................................
Low fuel ..........................................................
Engine oil pressure .........................................
Low beam .......................................................
High beam.......................................................
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
67
,5"2)#!.4 4!",%
0
ngine oil (recommended):
SUPERBIKE 4, SAE 5W-40 or
4T FORMULA RACING, SAE 5W-40.
s an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the
CMC G-4, A.P.I. SG specifications.
0
0
F.A. 5W or
F.A. 20 W fork oil;
an alternative
FORK 5W or
FORK 20W fork oil.
F.A. 5W and
f you need an oil with intermediate characteristics in comparison with the
FORK 20W, these can be mixed as indicated below:
ork oil (recommended):
0
AE 10W =
AE 15W =
0 F.A. 20 W or
FORK 5W and
0 F.A. 5W 67% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 33% of the volume or
FORK 5W 67% of the volume +
FORK 20W 33% of the volume.
FORK 5W 33% of the volume +
FORK 20W 67% of the volume.
0 F.A. 5W 33% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 67% of the volume or
0
earings and other lubrication points (recommended):
AUTOGREASE MP or
GREASE 30.
s an alternative to the recommended product, use high-quality grease for rolling bearings, working temperature range -30 °C…+140 °C,
ripping point 150 °C…230 °C, high protection against corrosion, good resistance to water and oxidation.
rotection of the battery poles: neutral grease or Vaseline.
pray grease for chains (recommended):
0 CHAIN SPRAY or
CHAIN LUBE.
aWARNING
Use new brake fluid only.
rake fluid (recommended):
0 F.F., DOT 5 (compatible with DOT 4) or
BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (compatible with DOT 4).
aWARNING
Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35 °C at least.
ngine coolant (recommended):
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650
0 ECOBLU -40 °C or
COOL.
./4%
!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
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)MPORTERS
70
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
)MPORTERS
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
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7)2).' $)!'2!- 0EGASO 72
use and maintenance Pegaso 650
7)2).' $)!'2!- +%9 0EGASO 1)
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Direction indicator warning light
High beam warning light
Parking light warning light
Engine oil pressure warning light
Dashboard bulbs
Neutral indicator warning light
Low fuel warning light
Coolant temperature indicator
Dashboard
Left dimmer switch
Right dimmer switch
Ignition switch
Blinking
Rear right direction indicator
Rear light
Rear left direction indicator
Neutral switch
Rear stoplight switch
Front stoplight switch
Coolant temperature thermistor
Cooling electrofan thermal switch
Starter
Start relay
Battery
Voltage regulator
Generator
CDI
Spool
Diode 1
Front left direction indicator
Pick up
Low/high beam bulb
Front parking light
Front right direction indicator
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Horn
Headlight
Cooling electrofan
Spark plug
Fuses
Engine oil pressure sensor
Multiple connectors
Diode 2
Dashboard resistance
Switch on the clutch lever
Spark advance resistance
Low fuel sensor
Side stand switch
High beam bulb
Light relay
Number plate light
Stoplight/parking light bulb
#!",% #/,/523
Ar
Az
B
Bl
G
Gr
M
N
R
V
Vi
Orange
Light blue
Blue
White
Yellow
Grey
Brown
Black
Red
Green
Violet
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aprilia s.p.a. wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle.
– Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the environment.
– Do not keep the engine running if it isn’t necessary.
– Avoid disturbing noises.
– Respect nature.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650